Quantum Physics

1003 Submissions

[29] viXra:1003.0255 [pdf] submitted on 26 Mar 2010

Quantum Similarities or Radar Scattering as a Gauge Theory

Authors: Giuliano Bettini
Comments: 48 pages

As a continuation of a preceding paper "The trapped light" a preliminary attempt of how to construct a spinor theory of radar scattering or radar signal-target interaction with the gauge theories of quantum mechanics is presented. This way radar signals and radar targets may become visible macroscopic objects to be put in analogy with Standard Model particles and interactions. The basic idea is that particles and forces are all of electromagnetic nature, light, and appear different due to the size and shape of interacting objects. For the purpose that we propose here, you must first deal with a generic radar signal in spinor form (note: it is TEM, TE, TM or evanescent. I mean "radar signal" in a wide sense, ie for ex. also into a waveguide). This is done by deriving a spinor representation of the TE TM through the Dirac equation for plane wave, starting rigorously from Maxwell's equations without any use of equivalent V, I as in previous papers. As a byproduct the representation is extended to the TEM. Then I introduce a tentative procedure to express the deflection of the field in a different direction, and its variation in frequency, and rest mass. This is accomplished through the interaction with SU(2)xU(1) gauge fields ie electroweak interactions. Some simple but illustrative examples are given. The ideas set out here need of course further research.
Category: Quantum Physics

[28] viXra:1003.0249 [pdf] submitted on 8 Mar 2010

Numerical Result of Supersymmetric Klein-Gordon Equation. Plausible Observation of Supersymmetric-Meson

Authors: V. Christianto, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 5 pages

In the context of some recent papers suggesting CT-symmetric QM in order to generalize PT-symmetric QM, in this paper we present an idea that there is quite compelling reasoning to argue in favour of supersymmetric extension of Klein-Gordon equation. Its numerical solutions in some simplest conditions are presented. Since the potential corresponding to this supersymmetric KGE is neither Coulomb, Yukawa, nor Hulthen potential [2a], then one can expect to observe a new type of matter, which may be called 'supersymmetric-meson'. Its presence may be expected in particular in the process of breaking of Coulomb barrier in low energy schemes. Further observation is of course recommended in order to refute or verify this proposition.
Category: Quantum Physics

[27] viXra:1003.0242 [pdf] submitted on 8 Mar 2010

On the Meaning of Imaginary Part of Solution of Biquaternion Klein-Gordon Equation

Authors: V. Christianto, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 4 pages

In the preceding article we argue that biquaternionic extension of Klein-Gordon equation has solution containing imaginary part, which differs appreciably from known solution of KGE. In the present article we discuss some possible interpretation of this imaginary part of the solution of biquaternionic KGE (BQKGE). Further observation is of course recommended in order to refute or verify this proposition.
Category: Quantum Physics

[26] viXra:1003.0240 [pdf] submitted on 8 Mar 2010

Introduction to Biquaternion Number, Schrödinger Equation, and Fractal Graph

Authors: V. Christianto, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 8 pages

It is known that quaternion number has wide application in theoretical physics and engineering fields alike, in particular to describe Maxwell electrodynamics. In the meantime, recently this quaternion number has also been used to draw fractal graph. The present note is intended as an introduction to this very interesting study, i.e. to find linkage between quaternion/biquaternion number, quantum mechanical equation (Schrödinger equation) and fractal graph. Hopefully this note will be found useful for subsequent study.
Category: Quantum Physics

[25] viXra:1003.0218 [pdf] submitted on 7 Mar 2010

G-Dimensional Theory & the Smarandache Quantum Paradoxes: Comparative Logic and Modern Quantum Theory

Authors: L. Stephen Young
Comments: 44 pages

The Smarandache Quantum Paradoxes ["Nature", Vol. 413, No. 6854] and Smarandache Hypothesis (FTL) are defined as a formal set of (anti-logic) statements inclusive in modern quantum theory. To determine whether they constitute theoretical artifacts or can be considered true physical paradoxes, G Dimensional Theory, a unique, logical and physically congruent system of physics, at significant variance with modern and classical theory, is presented in Sections 3-4. A comparative analysis of the Smarandache quantum paradoxes within context of the two theories follows in Section 5.
Category: Quantum Physics

[24] viXra:1003.0205 [pdf] submitted on 6 Mar 2010

Numerical Solution of Schrödinger Equation with PT-Symmetric Periodic Potential, and Its Gamow Integral

Authors: V. Christianto, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 8 pages

In a number of preceding papers we introduced a new PT-symmetric periodic potential, derived from biquaternion radial Klein-Gordon equation. In the present paper we will review our preceding result, and continue with numerical solution of Gamow integral for that periodic potential. And then we also compare with other periodic potentials which are already known, such as Posch-Teller or Rosen-Morse potential. We also discuss a number of recent development in the context of condensed matter nuclear science, in particular those experiments which are carried out by Prof. A. Takahashi and his team from Kobe University. There is hint to describe his team's experiment as 'mesofusion' (or mesoscopic fusion). We then analyze possibility to enhance the performance of Takahashi's mesofusion experiment under external pulse field. Further experiments are of course recommended in order to verify or refute the propositions outlined herein.
Category: Quantum Physics

[23] viXra:1003.0203 [pdf] submitted on 6 Mar 2010

Is There Iso-PT Symmetric Potential in Nature?

Authors: V. Christianto, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 6 pages

In recent years there are new interests on special symmetry in physical systems, called PT-symmetry with various ramifications. Along with the isodual symmetry popularized by RM Santilli, these ideas form one of cornerstone in hadron physics. In the present article, we argue that it is plausible to generalise both ideas to become iso-PT symmetry which indicate there should be new potential obeying this symmetry. We also discuss some possible interpretation of the imaginary solution of the solution of biquaternionic KGE (BQKGE); which indicate the plausible existence of the propose iso-PT symmetry. Further observation is of course recommended in order to refute or verify this proposition.
Category: Quantum Physics

[22] viXra:1003.0175 [pdf] submitted on 15 Mar 2010

Do Thermodynamic Entropy and Quantum Non-locality Have a Common Basis?

Authors: Jonathan J. Dickau
Comments: 6 pages, The author notes that revisions are needed for this paper to be rigorously accurate, but wishes to foster conversation on this topic.

Both researchers and educators have expressed displeasure with the definition of entropy as a measure of disorder. Instead, it is argued by Leff, Lambert, and others that the increase of entropy can be far more accurately described using terms such as 'dispersal of energy,' 'spreading and sharing of energy,' and 'spatial and temporal spreading.' In decoherence theory, a similar metaphor is used to describe the phenomena involved with quantum non-locality, superposition, and entanglement. Specifically the wavefunction of a quantum entity, such as a sub-atomic particle or photon is not seen to collapse but rather is transferred through interactions to a system and/or its environment. This suggests there may be a common basis for entropy and non-locality. I explore the idea that energy is motive and extensive by nature, and that all its forms of expression involve motion, action, and propagation, which clearly leads to its being spread and shared when unconstrained, among the available microstates of its local system and the larger environment. Thus a single description, focusing on this universal quality of energy, explains both 2nd Law entropy and quantum non-locality.
Category: Quantum Physics

[21] viXra:1003.0158 [pdf] replaced on 2 Apr 2010

The Trapped Light ie Towards an Electromagnetic Theory of Elementary Particles

Authors: Giuliano Bettini
Comments: 17 pages, slightly amended

Examines the possibility of a purely electromagnetic formation of the physical world, and in particular electron. For this purpose presents a number of parallels between elementary particles and radar signals and radar target.
Category: Quantum Physics

[20] viXra:1003.0051 [pdf] submitted on 6 Mar 2010

The Neutrosophic Logic View to Schrödinger's Cat Paradox, Revisited

Authors: Florentin Smarandache, V. Christianto
Comments: 5 pages

The present article discusses Neutrosophic logic view to Schrödinger's cat paradox. We argue that this paradox involves some degree of indeterminacy (unknown) which Neutrosophic logic can take into consideration, whereas other methods including Fuzzy logic cannot. To make this proposition clear, we revisit our previous paper by offering an illustration using modified coin tossing problem, known as Parrondo's game.
Category: Quantum Physics

[19] viXra:1003.0050 [pdf] submitted on 6 Mar 2010

Kaluza-Klein-Carmeli Metric from Quaternion-Clifford Space, Lorentz' Force, and Some Observables

Authors: V. Christianto, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 7 pages

It was known for quite long time that a quaternion space can be generalized to a Clifford space, and vice versa; but how to find its neat link with more convenient metric form in the General Relativity theory, has not been explored extensively. We begin with a representation of group with non-zero quaternions to derive closed FLRW metric [1], and from there obtains Carmeli metric, which can be extended further to become 5D and 6D metric (which we propose to call Kaluza-Klein-Carmeli metric). Thereafter we discuss some plausible implications of this metric, beyond describing a galaxy's spiraling motion and redshift data as these have been done by Carmeli and Hartnett [4, 5, 6]. In subsequent section we explain Podkletnov's rotating disc experiment. We also note possible implications to quantum gravity. Further observations are of course recommended in order to refute or verify this proposition.
Category: Quantum Physics

[18] viXra:1003.0049 [pdf] submitted on 6 Mar 2010

Numerical Solution of Radial Biquaternion Klein-Gordon Equation

Authors: V. Christianto, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 2 pages

In the preceding article we argue that biquaternionic extension of Klein-Gordon equation has solution containing imaginary part, which differs appreciably from known solution of KGE. In the present article we present numerical /computer solution of radial biquaternionic KGE (radialBQKGE); which differs appreciably from conventional Yukawa potential. Further observation is of course recommended in order to refute or verify this proposition.
Category: Quantum Physics

[17] viXra:1003.0047 [pdf] submitted on 6 Mar 2010

Yang-Mills Field from Quaternion Space Geometry, and Its Klein-Gordon Representation

Authors: Alexander Yefremov, Florentin Smarandache, V. Christianto
Comments: 9 pages

Analysis of covariant derivatives of vectors in quaternion (Q-) spaces performed using Q-unit spinor-splitting technique and use of SL(2C)-invariance of quaternion multiplication reveals close connexion of Q-geometry objects and Yang-Mills (YM) field principle characteristics. In particular, it is shown that Q-connexion (with quaternion non-metricity) and related curvature of 4 dimensional (4D) space-times with 3D Q-space sections are formally equivalent to respectively YM-field potential and strength, traditionally emerging from the minimal action assumption. Plausible links between YM field equation and Klein-Gordon equation, in particular via its known isomorphism with Duffin-Kemmer equation, are also discussed.
Category: Quantum Physics

[16] viXra:1003.0043 [pdf] submitted on 6 Mar 2010

Plausible Explanation of Quantization of Intrinsic Redshift from Hall Effect and Weyl Quantization

Authors: Florentin Smarandache, V. Christianto
Comments: 4 pages

Using phion condensate model as described by Moffat [1], we consider a plausible explanation of (Tifft) intrinsic redshift quantization as described by Bell [6] as result of Hall effect in rotating frame. We also discuss another alternative to explain redshift quantization from the viewpoint of Weyl quantization, which could yield Bohr-Sommerfeld quantization.
Category: Quantum Physics

[15] viXra:1003.0042 [pdf] submitted on 6 Mar 2010

A Note on Geometric and Information Fusion Interpretation of Bell's Theorem and Quantum Measurement

Authors: Florentin Smarandache, V. Christianto
Comments: 5 pages

In this paper we present four possible extensions of Bell's Theorem: Bayesian and Fuzzy Bayesian intrepretation, Information Fusion interpretation, Geometric interpretation, and the viewpoint of photon fluid as medium for quantum interaction.
Category: Quantum Physics

[14] viXra:1003.0041 [pdf] submitted on 6 Mar 2010

Schrödinger Equation and the Quantization of Celestial Systems

Authors: Florentin Smarandache, V. Christianto
Comments: 5 pages

In the present article, we argue that it is possible to generalize Schrödinger equation to describe quantization of celestial systems. While this hypothesis has been described by some authors, including Nottale, here we argue that such a macroquantization was formed by topological superfluid vortice. We also provide derivation of Schrödinger equation from Gross-Pitaevskii-Ginzburg equation, which supports this superfluid dynamics interpretation.
Category: Quantum Physics

[13] viXra:1003.0040 [pdf] submitted on 6 Mar 2010

The Neutrosophic Logic View to Schrödinger's Cat Paradox

Authors: Florentin Smarandache, V. Christianto
Comments: 5 pages

This article discusses Neutrosophic Logic interpretation of the Schrodinger's cat paradox. We argue that this paradox involves some degree of indeterminacy (unknown) which Neutrosophic Logic could take into consideration, whereas other methods including Fuzzy Logic could not. For a balanced discussion, other interpretations have also been discussed.
Category: Quantum Physics

[12] viXra:1003.0037 [pdf] submitted on 6 Mar 2010

Entangled States and Quantum Causality Threshold in the General Theory of Relativity

Authors: Dmitri Rabounski, Larissa Borissova, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 7 pages

This article shows, Synge-Weber's classical problem statement about two particles interacting by a signal can be reduced to the case where the same particle is located in two different points A and B of the basic space-time in the same moment of time, so the states A and B are entangled. This particle, being actual two particles in the entangled states A and B, can interact with itself radiating a photon (signal) in the point A and absorbing it in the point B. That is our goal, to introduce entangled states into General Relativity. Under specific physical conditions the entangled particles in General Relativity can reach a state where neither particle A nor particle B can be the cause of future events. We call this specific state Quantum Causality Threshold.
Category: Quantum Physics

[11] viXra:1003.0036 [pdf] submitted on 6 Mar 2010

There Is No Speed Barrier for a Wave Phase Nor for Entangled Particles

Authors: Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 2 pages

In this short paper, as an extension and consequence of Einstein-Podolski-Rosen paradox and Bell's inequality, one promotes the hypothesis (it has been called the Smarandache Hypothesis [1, 2, 3]) that: There is no speed barrier in the Universe and one can construct arbitrary speeds, and also one asks if it is possible to have an infinite speed (instantaneous transmission)? Future research: to study the composition of faster-than-light velocities and what happens with the laws of physics at faster-thanlight velocities?
Category: Quantum Physics

[10] viXra:1003.0034 [pdf] submitted on 6 Mar 2010

Quantum Quasi-Paradoxes and Quantum Sorites Paradoxes

Authors: Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 2 pages

There can be generated many paradoxes or quasi-paradoxes that may occur from the combination of quantum and non-quantum worlds in physics. Even the passage from the micro-cosmos to the macro-cosmos, and reciprocally, can generate unsolved questions or counter-intuitive ideas. We define a quasi-paradox as a statement which has a prima facie self-contradictory support or an explicit contradiction, but which is not completely proven as a paradox. We present herein four elementary quantum quasi-paradoxes and their corresponding quantum Sorites paradoxes, which form a class of quantum quasi-paradoxes.
Category: Quantum Physics

[9] viXra:1003.0033 [pdf] submitted on 6 Mar 2010

Essence Neutrosophy

Authors: Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 34 pages, In Russian language

Essence Neutrosophy
Category: Quantum Physics

[8] viXra:1003.0031 [pdf] submitted on 6 Mar 2010

Multi-Valued Logic, Neutrosophy, and Schrödinger Equation

Authors: Florentin Smarandache, V. Christianto
Comments: 109 pages

This book was intended to discuss some paradoxes in Quantum Mechanics from the viewpoint of Multi-Valued-logic pioneered by Lukasiewicz, and a recent concept Neutrosophic Logic. Essentially, this new concept offers new insights on the idea of 'identity', which too often it has been accepted as given. Neutrosophy itself was developed in attempt to generalize Fuzzy-Logic introduced by L. Zadeh. While some aspects of theoretical foundations of logic are discussed, this book is not intended solely for pure mathematicians, but instead for physicists in the hope that some of ideas presented herein will be found useful. The book is motivated by observation that despite almost eight decades, there is indication that some of those paradoxes known in Quantum Physics are not yet solved. In our knowledge, this is because the solution of those paradoxes requires re-examination of the foundations of logic itself, in particular on the notion of identity and multi-valuedness of entity. The book is also intended for young physicist fellows who think that somewhere there should be a 'complete' explanation of these paradoxes in Quantum Mechanics. If this book doesn't answer all of their questions, it is our hope that at least it offers a new alternative viewpoint for these old questions.
Category: Quantum Physics

[7] viXra:1003.0028 [pdf] submitted on 6 Mar 2010

Quantum Causality Threshold and Paradoxes

Authors: Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 15 pages

In this paper we consider two entangled particles and study all the possibilities: when both are immobile, or one of them is immobile, or both are moving in different directions, or one of them is moving in a different direction. Then we study the causality between them and the paradoxes, which are generated. We define the Causality Threshold of a particle A with respect to another particle B.
Category: Quantum Physics

[6] viXra:1003.0025 [pdf] submitted on 6 Mar 2010

Quantization in Astrophysics, Brownian Motion, and Supersymmetry

Authors: Florentin Smarandache, V. Christianto
Comments: 516 pages

The present book discusses, among other things, various quantization phenomena found in Astrophysics and some related issues including Brownian Motion. With recent discoveries of exoplanets in our galaxy and beyond, this Astrophysics quantization issue has attracted numerous discussions in the past few years. Most chapters in this book come from published papers in various peer-reviewed journals, and they cover different methods to describe quantization, including Weyl geometry, Supersymmetry, generalized Schrödinger, and Cartan torsion method. In some chapters Navier-Stokes equations are also discussed, because it is likely that this theory will remain relevant in Astrophysics and Cosmology While much of the arguments presented in this book are theoretical, nonetheless we recommend further observation in order to verify or refute the propositions described herein. It is of our hope that this volume could open a new chapter in our knowledge on the formation and structure of Astrophysical systems. The present book is also intended for young physicist and math fellows who perhaps will find the arguments described here are at least worth pondering.
Category: Quantum Physics

[5] viXra:1003.0019 [pdf] submitted on 6 Mar 2010

A Note on Unified Statistics Including Fermi-Dirac, Bose-Einstein, and Tsallis Statistics, and Plausible Extension to Anisotropic Effect

Authors: V. Christianto, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 4 pages

In the light of some recent hypotheses suggesting plausible unification of thermostatistics where Fermi-Dirac, Bose-Einstein and Tsallis statistics become its special subsets, we consider further plausible extension to include non-integer Hausdorff dimension, which becomes realization of fractal entropy concept. In the subsequent section, we also discuss plausible extension of this unified statistics to include anisotropic effect by using quaternion oscillator, which may be observed in the context of Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation. Further observation is of course recommended in order to refute or verify this proposition.
Category: Quantum Physics

[4] viXra:1003.0018 [pdf] submitted on 6 Mar 2010

A New Derivation of Biquaternion Schrödinger Equation and Plausible Implications

Authors: V. Christianto, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 3 pages

In the preceding article we argue that biquaternionic extension of Klein-Gordon equation has solution containing imaginary part, which differs appreciably from known solution of KGE. In the present article we discuss some possible interpretation of this imaginary part of the solution of biquaternionic KGE (BQKGE); thereafter we offer a new derivation of biquaternion Schrödinger equation using this method. Further observation is of course recommended in order to refute or verify this proposition.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3] viXra:1003.0009 [pdf] submitted on 6 Mar 2010

Extension of the Big Bang Theory

Authors: Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 2 pages

In this note we propose the extension of the Big Bang Theory of the origin of the Universe to the model that there are cycles of beginning and ending.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2] viXra:1003.0007 [pdf] replaced on 15 Mar 2010

Experiment to Test the Quantum Effect of a Waveguide (I)

Authors: Z.Y. Wang
Comments: 6 pages.

The waveguide can be regarded as a potential barrier to microwaves and we apply quantum mechanics to study the coefficient of reflection R and transmission T . An initial experimental result is also presented in this paper that the transverse momentum of the electromagnetic field in a waveguide is zero which is no longer in proportion to the transverse wave vector. We're preparing to detect under other conditions and will report as soon as possible.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1] viXra:1003.0003 [pdf] submitted on 3 Mar 2010

The Reaction Force of Emitted Radiation: a Comment on Arxiv:1003.0247

Authors: Ron Bourgoin
Comments: 2 pages

The authors of [arxiv:1003.0247] neglect to consider that the source of radiation is an accelerated electron, that an emitted photon reacts, or pushes back, on the electron that releases it. This is a linear process, therefore a nonlinear Schrödinger equation is not applicable.
Category: Quantum Physics