[16] **viXra:1305.0190 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-05-30 13:05:46*

**Authors:** Andrew Nassif

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

I don't agree with the aspects of the author, but since I have to cover all aspects of science I decided why not.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[15] **viXra:1305.0189 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-05-30 13:42:14*

**Authors:** Thomas Alexander Meyer

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

Quantum mechanics is a solidly founded mathematical theory, but it has yet to be explained in first conceptual principles. The most obvious aberration to explanation that quantum mechanics has is interference and coherence. We simply do not understand why the preparation of a quantum mechanical system must not allow knowledge of path in order to display interference effects. We present the first principles of the information interpretation which provide a proper conceptual foundation of quantum mechanics and also lead to an explanation of interference and coherence.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[14] **viXra:1305.0185 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-05-29 16:18:36*

**Authors:** Thomas Alexander Meyer

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

Interference effects are known to have a dependence upon indistinguishability of path. For this reason, it is accepted that different sources of a system cannot interfere if they have distinguishable states. We present an analysis of interference that predicts the allowance of interference between distinguishable states under the strict condition that the preparation has no distinguishability of path that results from the distinguishability of the states of the possible sources. This leads us to a new analysis of the quantum eraser experiment.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[13] **viXra:1305.0168 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-05-28 08:16:30*

**Authors:** Thomas Alexander Meyer

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

All measurable phenomena in physics are irreducibly particle like and the wave picture of physical systems only arises when explaining a statistically relevant set of measurements of individual systems as an average. The wave picture arises in the effects of interference which can always be explained in the context of the state description of the interfering system, interference necessitates that the measurement outcomes be calculated by squaring the amplitudes after adding and non-interference is calculated by squaring before adding. Even though the calculation for each is independently valid, the change in the statistics when one modulates between interference and non-interference, as in the quantum eraser, requires a violation of the law of conservation of energy. There is no “driving force” in the change of statistics. It is always a change in preparation that leads to the change of interference statistics, whilst in the calculation there is only a change in the state description. The irreducibly particle like nature of the quanta requires that there be a causal “driving force” in the change in statistics and a mere change in description is an insufficient explanation by the standards of energy conservation. We present the argument that indeed this has already all been proven in the historic 1991 study of the ZWM papers of quantum coherence.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[12] **viXra:1305.0165 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-05-27 20:49:36*

**Authors:** Joel M Williams

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

This short paper takes a look at the spatial implications of the MO and Valence Bond approaches as compared to those of the MCAS model.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[11] **viXra:1305.0159 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-05-27 08:23:09*

**Authors:** Morten Krogh

**Comments:** 53 Pages.

We claim that everything is alive, and that quantum mechanics of $U(N)$ unifies physics and biology.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[10] **viXra:1305.0142 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-05-23 12:59:56*

**Authors:** Mourici Shachter (Shechter)

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

The Schrödinger equation solve the Hydrogen-like Atom, the solution is very complicate mathematically and supply a very little understanding why the atom behave so.
In 1913 Bohr proposed a very simple model of the hydrogen atom. I extend this model to see what happens to the atom under a magnetic field. The results obtained using my simple approach are almost the same results obtained from Schrödinger equation with the endless solution, but the physical explanation is entirely different. I leave you the task to check what the correct explanation to the Hydrogen Atom is
See also
QUANTUM MECHANICS Solved using only Newtonian Mechanics
http://vixra.org/abs/1305.0078

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[9] **viXra:1305.0140 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-05-23 06:47:25*

**Authors:** Leo Vuyk

**Comments:** 8 Pages. 8

In the past I have described several experiments in support of the Quantum FFF model.
(Function Follows Form)
These experiment suggestions are described in several recent Vixra essays.
In this essay I will try to present a summary of these experiments related to
Mass based Lightspeed drag, Dual Quantum Push Gravity, Magnetic Monopole Radiation,
Human Consciousness, Double Stern Gerlach Entanglement and Micro Ball Lightning in the
lab.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[8] **viXra:1305.0129 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-05-21 03:46:47*

**Authors:** Elemer E Rosinger

**Comments:** 20 Pages.

It was shown in [1], cited in the sequel as DRHM, that upon a correct use of the respective statistical data, the celebrated Bell inequalities cannot be violated by quantum systems. This paper presents in more detail the surprisingly elementary, even if rather subtle related basic argument in DRHM, and does so together with a few comments which, hopefully, may further facilitate its wider understanding.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[7] **viXra:1305.0098 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-05-16 08:43:17*

**Authors:** Richard L. Amoroso

**Comments:** 15 Pages.

For a hundred years violation or surmounting the Quantum Uncertainty Principle has remained a Holy Grail of both theoretical and empirical physics. Utilizing an operationally completed form of Quantum Theory cast in a string theoretic Higher Dimensional (HD) form of Dirac covariant polarized vacuum with a complex Einstein energy dependent spacetime metric, M4:C4 with sufficient degrees of freedom to be causally free of the local quantum state, we present a simple empirical model for ontologically surmounting the phenomenology of uncertainty through a Sagnac Effect RF pulsed Laser Oscillated Vacuum Energy Resonance hierarchy cast within an extended form of a Wheeler-Feynman-Cramer Transactional Calabi-Yau mirror symmetric spacetime backcloth.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[6] **viXra:1305.0078 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-05-12 13:42:20*

**Authors:** Mourici Shachter(Shechter)

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

In this paper I solve classical quantum mechanics problems without using Schrödinger equation. Problems solved are: particle in a 1, 2, and 3 dimensional box, particle in a ring, Quantum harmonic oscillator, and hydrogen-like atoms. Solutions are very short, and rely on Newtonian Mechanics.
This issue make easy to understand the mysteries of Quantum Theory

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[5] **viXra:1305.0077 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-05-12 19:38:59*

**Authors:** Joel M Williams

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

This paper looks at the atomic bonding involved in the diatomic molecules of the second period of the periodic table. It addresses their molecular electrostatics, bond strengths, and electron affinities. Particular attention is given to the anomalies of the carbon diatom. Questions are raised about the sensibleness of the spdf model’s spatial ability to contain two electrons on an axis between diatoms and its ability to form π-bonds from parallel p-orbitals located over the nuclei of each atom. Nitrogen, carbon monoxide, oxygen, and fluorine all have the same inter-nuclei bonding: the difference in bond strength is due to the number of anti-bonding electrons and not to differences in the number of bonds.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[4] **viXra:1305.0069 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-05-11 16:31:27*

**Authors:** Richard L. Amoroso, Salvatore Giandinoto

**Comments:** 21 Pages.

Class II mesoionic xanthines such as anhydro-(8-hydroxyalkyl-5-hydroxy-7-oxothiazolo[3,2-a]pyrimidinium hydroxides) are unique, small atomic weight, stable crystalline
organic compounds that can be represented as a combination of ten different resonance structures for
each simple xanthine molecule. Each resonance structure contributes a certain percentage to the total
resonance of the molecule. This unique resonance represents ten different quantum states of the
entire molecule and can thus be exploited as a potential substrate for a ten-qubit register. The number
of possible superposition states for such a register in a single molecule is potentially as high as states
or (in this case where n = 10) 1,024 complex numbers. In solution the least-unit of this mesoionic
crystalline structure is scalable suggesting putative utility for bulk NMR quantum computing. It will
be shown that these ten-qubit registers are amenable to standard Deutsch-Jozsa, Shor and Grover
algorithms. Additionally, we attempt to formalize I/O techniques for our Class II mesoionic
xanthines based on a coherent control RF process of cumulative resonant interaction where by
utilizing additional degrees of freedom pertinent to a relativistic basis for the qbit (r-qbit) new HD
commutation rules allow decoherence to be ontologically overcome.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[3] **viXra:1305.0059 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2013-11-02 10:04:29*

**Authors:** Gary D. Simpson

**Comments:** 42 Pages.

Resting wave functions for the electron and the proton are presented. The proposed resting wave function of the proton is -6π5 multiplied by the resting wave function of the electron. Therefore, the hypothesis presented in Part 1 is not rejected. An unexpected consequence of this work is the ability to calculate the size of a proton at rest by using Equation 13.4. The resulting value for the diameter is 1.668 x 10-15 meter. This is within the accepted measured range of the proton diameter at 1.755(102) x 10-15 meter. Another unexpected consequence of this work is the ability to associate vacuum energy with the wave function of the electron by using Equation 22.2. Lastly, Equation 22.7 combines QM, SR, and Conservation of Momentum. It is the most interesting result presented here.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[2] **viXra:1305.0007 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2013-05-03 05:50:00*

**Authors:** Johan Noldus

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

We construct a Dirac theory on causal sets; a key element in the construction being that the causet must be regarded as emergent in an appropriate sense too. We further notice that mixed norm spaces are a key element in the construction allowing for negative norm particles and ``ghosts''.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[1] **viXra:1305.0003 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-05-01 04:53:20*

**Authors:** A K Balamuruhan

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

I like to have a discussion in Physics. I present a few hypotheses that I have in physics. I request the readers to review and comment upon them. The hypotheses start from cosmological concepts to concepts at particle scale.

**Category:** Quantum Physics