Artificial Intelligence

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Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed farther down

[1002] viXra:1911.0211 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-11 13:23:32

Формальная теория жизнедеятельности психики человека

Authors: Кондратенко Виктория Александровна
Comments: 19 Pages.

Множество исследований в области искусственного интеллекта не могут быть завершены, или проведены вообще, из-за отсутствия на текущий момент корректной теории функционирования человеческого мозга, связанного с его интеллектуальной деятельностью, хотя бы на концептуальном уровне. Нет пока комплексных предложений исследователей, на каких принципах должны основываться модели элементарных и структурированных смыслов, обрабатываемых мозгом в процессе жизнедеятельности человека, не говоря уже о формальных языках и их грамматиках, или, тем более, о формальных теориях, предназначенных для этих целей. Цель статьи заключается в восполнении отмеченного только что пробела в научных знаниях о человеческом мозге.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[1001] viXra:1911.0170 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 05:20:34

Deep Learning Convert Images

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

A UCLA research team has devised a technique that extends the capabilities of fluorescence microscopy, which allows scientists to precisely label parts of living cells and tissue with dyes that glow under special lighting. [25] Social, economic, environmental and health inequalities within cities can be detected using street imagery. [24] Citizen science is a boon for researchers, providing reams of data about everything from animal species to distant galaxies. [23] In early 2018, with support from IBM Corporate Citizenship and the Danish Ministry for Foreign Affairs, IBM and the Danish Refugee Council (DRC) embarked on a partnership aimed squarely at the need to better understand migration drivers and evidence-based policy guidance for a range of stakeholders. [22]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[1000] viXra:1911.0156 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-08 14:10:21

Nonconvex Stochastic Nested Optimization via Stochastic ADMM

Authors: Zhongruo Wang
Comments: 28 Pages.

We consider the stochastic nested composition optimization problem where the objective is a composition of two expected-value functions. We proposed the stochastic ADMM to solve this complicated objective. In order to find an $\epsilon$ stationary point where the expected norm of the subgradient of corresponding augmented Lagrangian is smaller than $\epsilon$, the total sample complexity of our method is $\mathcal{O}(\epsilon^{-3})$ for the online case and $\cO \Bigl((2N_1 + N_2) + (2N_1 + N_2)^{1/2}\epsilon^{-2}\Bigr)$ for the finite sum case. The computational complexity is consistent with proximal version proposed in \cite{zhang2019multi}, but our algorithm can solve more general problem when the proximal mapping of the penalty is not easy to compute.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[999] viXra:1911.0142 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-08 07:59:07

Machine Learning Light-Beam

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

Nishimura said that the buzzwords "artificial intelligence" seem to have trended in and out of the research community for many years, though, "This time it finally seems to be something real." [27] Navid Borhani, a research-team member, says this machine learning approach is much simpler than other methods to reconstruct images passed through optical fibers, which require making a holographic measurement of the output. [26] Scientists from the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have developed a way to use machine learning to dramatically accelerate the design of microbes that produce biofuel. [25]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[998] viXra:1911.0129 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-07 00:55:27

Exploring IoT/Smart Devices based Multi-disciplinary Informatics Research Using Minsky Machines & Machine Learning With C++.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

Exploring IoT/Smart Devices based Multi-disciplinary Informatics Research Using Minsky Machines & Machine Learning With C++.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[997] viXra:1911.0119 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-07 09:28:16

Психика человека в образе формальной модели диалектической логики управления её жизнеобеспечивающими функциями

Authors: Кондратенко Виктория Александровна
Comments: 9 Pages. на русском языке

Концептуальные знания о жизнедеятельности каждой исследуемой функциональной системы человека должны предшествовать описанию сущности логики управления ею. Психика человека является одной из важнейших функциональных систем его организма. В статье представлены основополагающие концепты жизнедеятельности этой системы, которые позволят выявить сущность диалектической логики управления еѐ жизнеобеспечивающими функциями. Однако и акцентированию внимания естествоиспытателей-биологов на отсутствие необходимых знаний в области диалектической логики управления функциональной системой психики человека также уделено особое внимание, так как страдает процесс формализации знаний в области теоретической медицины, касающихся жизнедеятельности функциональной системы психики человека. Именно этим специалистам, как никому лучше, видно, какие знания и каким путѐм могут быть получены за минимальное время. Освещению этих проблем и посвящена статья.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[996] viXra:1911.0112 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-06 01:12:05

Light Weight Online Signature Verification Framework by Compound Feature Selection and Few-shot Separable Convolution Based Deep Learning

Authors: Chandra Sekhar Vorugunti
Comments: 9 Pages. Submitted to WACV

Online Signature Verification (OSV) is an extensively used biometric trait aims to verify genuineness of a test signature by computing unique features of the signature. The advancements in mobile and communication technologies resulted in usage of computationally sparse mobile devices in critical applications like m-commerce etc., demands for OSV frameworks which are able to classify the dynamic test signature with fewer number of training signature samples and lesser number of features. The recent advancements in Deep Learning (DL) technologies, resulted in exponential improvements of accuracy in traditional tasks like Object Detection, Scene Text Detection etc. The main disrupt in usage of DL based frameworks for OSV is the requirement of extensive number of training samples and larger number of parameters to learn. To overcome the above pitfalls, we propose a novel dimensionality reduction technique which reduces the dimensionality of a feature set from 100 to 3 in case of MCYT-100 and 47 to 3 in case of SVC, SUSIG datasets respectively. In addition to it, we propose a depth wise separable (DWS) convolution based OSV framework which enables one/few shot learning for test signature verification. To inspect the robustness of our proposed dimensionality reduction technique and DWS OSV framework, exhaustive experiments are conducted with three widely used datasets i.e. MCYT-100, SUSIG and SVC. We have attained state of the art EER in majority of experimentation categories compared to many recent and state-of-the art OSV models.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[995] viXra:1911.0096 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-06 09:47:27

Intelligence Metasurface Recognizer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

The Internet of Things (IoT) and cyber physical systems have opened up possibilities for smart cities and smart homes, and are changing the way for people to live. [38] This camera is currently the fastest electron detector in the world, capturing atomic snapshots at 87,000 frames per second: about 50 times faster than the current state of the art. [37] "We put the optical microscope under a microscope to achieve accuracy near the atomic scale," said NIST's Samuel Stavis, who served as the project leader for these efforts. [36] Researchers have designed an interferometer that works with magnetic quasiparticles called magnons, rather than photons as in conventional interferometers. [35] A technique to manipulate electrons with light could bring quantum computing up to room temperature. [34] The USTC Microcavity Research Group in the Key Laboratory of Quantum Information has perfected a 4-port, all-optically controlled non-reciprocal multifunctional photonic device based on a magnetic-field-free optomechanical resonator. [33] To address this technology gap, a team of engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed an innovative microchip, named BATLESS, that can continue to operate even when the battery runs out of energy. [32] Stanford researchers have developed a water-based battery that could provide a cheap way to store wind or solar energy generated when the sun is shining and wind is blowing so it can be fed back into the electric grid and be redistributed when demand is high. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30] Researchers have discovered three distinct variants of magnetic domain walls in the helimagnet iron germanium (FeGe). [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures-coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule-occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[994] viXra:1911.0089 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-05 02:22:40

[ Neo4j-Python Driver ] Interaction with [ Imageai-Python ai Tool/z3 Api-Python(theorem Prover)/qrng-Python Lib/qrng ] Python Programming Environment in the Context of Medical Image Processing/electron Microscopy( em ) Image Processing R&D

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication

[ Neo4j-Python driver ] Interaction with [ ImageAI-Python AI Tool/Z3 API-Python(Theorem Prover)/qrng-Python lib/QRNG ] Python Programming Environment in the Context of Medical Image Processing/Electron Microscopy( EM ) Image Processing R&D – A Novel Suggestion. [ Monitoring Graph Data Base System/Image Processing Frameworks with qrng-services/qrng-Devices + AI ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[993] viXra:1911.0062 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-04 01:02:18

Understanding Graph Data Base Systems Using [ Java/JI Prolog ] – A Simple Suggestion to Implement [ AI/IoT/HPC/BIG DATA ] Informatics Systems.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 4 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

JI Prolog+Neo4j+JikesRVM-Research Virtual Machine/JVM-Java Virtual Machine/IoT/HPC Heterogeneous Environments in the Context of BIG DATA Analytics based on Bio-informatics.Exploring Graph Data Base Systems Using Java for Next Generation Bio-informatics Frameworks Using IoT/HPC Systems.We are testing the above mentioned informatics frameworks using RVM – Research Virtual Machine – a highly experimental TESTBED.Since Java is well suited for IoT/HPC- Heterogeneous Environments and its associated challenges,we are presenting here,a simple challenging Informatics Framework to probe next generation Bio-informatics R&D. [ Researching Algorithms for Next Generation Bio-informatics Platforms ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[992] viXra:1911.0036 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-02 02:47:31

Exploring Henon Maps for Next Generation Medical Imaging Algorithms Using Python Based Software Involving Ai/qrng/iot/hpc Concepts.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

Understanding & Implementing [ Henon Maps/QRNG/ImageAI ] – Python based Informatics Framework to ProbeMedical Images Using DICOM – A Simple & Novel Suggestion in the Context of [ AI/IoT/HPC /LLVM ] Heterogeneous Environment/s.We derived our inspiration based on our references mentioned below,please check our references.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[991] viXra:1911.0011 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 04:05:21

Medical Center AI Infrastructure

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

An artificial intelligence (AI) infrastructure developed at the Utrecht University Medical Center (UMC) has enabled easier deployment of AI algorithms and enhanced workflow in daily routine practice, according to a presentation given at the European Society of Medical Imaging Informatics (EuSoMII) annual meeting in Valenca, Spain. [26] A team from Heidelberg University Hospital and the German Cancer Research Centre has developed a new method for the automated image analysis of brain tumors. [25]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[990] viXra:1910.0632 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-30 01:57:43

Latest Editions Of Original Research Books by Mr. Ramesh Chandra Bagadi as on October 30th 2019 AD.

Authors: B Ananda Rao Ramesh Chandra
Comments: 6 Pages.

Latest Editions Of Original Research Books by Mr. Ramesh Chandra Bagadi as on October 30th 2019 AD.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[989] viXra:1910.0597 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-29 10:51:31

Facial Expression Analysis by K-Means Clustering on Fiducial Points of Face

Authors: Previte Modesto, Saul Reitano
Comments: 5 Pages.

Human beings produce thousands of facial actions and emotions in a single day. These come up while communicating with someone and at times even when alone. These expressions vary in complexity, intensity, and meaning. This paper proposes a novel method to predict what emotion is being expressed by analyzing the face. The algorithm, because of the speed of execution, could also be used for micro expression analysis. 11 fiducial points are taken on the image after a face recognition algorithm is used. 7 classes of images are formed. These classes are the main expressions: sadness, happiness, anger, fear, disgust, surprise and neutral. Training is done by studying the relationship between the fiducial points for each class of image. Using this relationship a new image is classified by making use of the k-means algorithm.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[988] viXra:1910.0584 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-28 07:00:07

Neural Networks Detect DNA Damage

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 31 Pages.

Researchers at Tomsk Polytechnic University jointly with the University of Chemistry and Technology (Prague) conducted a series of experiments which proved that artificial neural networks can accurately identify DNA damage caused by UV radiation. [20] Computer scientists at Carnegie Mellon University say neural networks and supervised machine learning techniques can efficiently characterize cells that have been studied using single cell RNA-sequencing (scRNA-seq). [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[987] viXra:1910.0578 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-28 08:51:06

Unsupervised Decomposition of Multi-Author Document

Authors: Kautsya Kanu, Sayantan Sengupta
Comments: 4 Pages.

This paper proposes an improvement over a paper[A generic unsupervised methods for decomposing multi-author documents, N. Akiva and M. Koppel 2013]. We have worked on two aspects, In the first aspect, we try to capture writing style of author by ngram model of words, POS Tags and PQ Gram model of syntactic parsing over used basic uni-gram model. In the second aspect, we added some layers of refinements in existing baseline model and introduce new term ”similarity index” to distinguish between pure and mixed segments before unsupervised labeling. Similarity index uses overall and sudden change of writing style by PQ Gram model and words used using n-gram model between lexicalised/unlexicalised sentences in segments for refinement. In this paper, we investigate the role of feature selection that captures the syntactic patterns specific to an author and its overall effect in the final accuracy of the baseline system. More specifically, we insert a layer of refinement to the baseline system and define a threshold based on the similarity measure among the sentences to consider the purity of the segments to be given as input to the GMM.The key idea of our approach is to provide theGMMclustering with the ”good segments” so that the clustering precision is maximised which is then used as labels to train a classifier. We also try different features set like bigrams and trigrams of POS tags and an PQ Grams based feature on unlexicalised PCFG to capture the distinct writing styles which is then given as an input to a GMM trained by iterative EM algorithm to generate good clusters of the segments of the merged document.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[986] viXra:1910.0568 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-27 18:08:55

Sentiment Classification Over Brazilian Supreme Court Decisions Using Multi-Channel CNN

Authors: Marcus Oliveira da Silva
Comments: 11 Pages.

Sentiment analysis seeks to identify the viewpoint(s) underlying a text document; In this paper, we present the use of a multichannel convolutional neural network which, in effect, creates a model that reads text with different n-gram sizes, to predict with good accuracy sentiments behind the decisions issued by the Brazilian Supreme Court, even with a very imbalanced dataset we show that a simple multichannel CNN with little to zero hyperparameter tuning and word vectors, tuned on network training, achieves excellent results on the Brazilian Supreme Court data. We report results of 97% accuracy and 84% average F1- score in predicting multiclass sentiment dimensions. We also compared the results with classical classification machine learning models like Naive Bayes and SVM.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[985] viXra:1910.0522 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-25 05:08:51

Prisoner's Dilemma Game

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 29 Pages.

Game theory is a field which applies mathematics to understand the science behind logical decision-making behavior and social structures. [20] It sounds like science fiction: controlling electronic devices with brain waves. But researchers have developed a new type of electroencephalogram (EEG) electrode that can do just that, without the sticky gel required for conventional electrodes. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[984] viXra:1910.0514 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-25 09:44:59

Review Highlights: Opinion Mining on Reviews: a Hybrid Model for Rule Selection in Aspect Extraction

Authors: A Kushwaha, S Chaudhary
Comments: 6 Pages.

This paper proposes a methodology to extract key insights from user generated reviews. This work is based on Aspect Based Sentiment Analysis (ABSA) which predicts the sentiment of aspects mentioned in the text documents. The extracted aspects are fine-grained for the presentation form known as Review Highlights. The syntactic approach for extraction process suffers from the overlapping chunking rules which result in noise extraction. We introduce a hybrid technique which combines machine learning and rule based model. A multi-label classifier identifies the effective rules which efficiently parse aspects and opinions from texts. This selection of rules reduce the amount of noise in extraction tasks. This is a novel attempt to learn syntactic rule fitness from a corpus using machine learning for accurate aspect extraction. As the model learns the syntactic rule prediction from the corpus, it makes the extraction method domain independent. It also allows studying the quality of syntactic rules in a different corpus.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[983] viXra:1910.0501 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-24 22:03:01

A Simple Suggestion based on Understanding & Using a Combination of Python based Tools in the Context of Rabin Fingerprint Computing.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 5 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

A Simple Suggestion based on Understanding & Using a Combination of Python based Tools in the Context of Rabin Fingerprint Computing. [ Exploring - Medical Imaging/Electron Microscopy Imaging R&D ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[982] viXra:1910.0445 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-23 11:11:32

Automatic Retinal Disease Classification Using Machine Learning and AI

Authors: Tapesh Santra
Comments: 8 Pages. None

patients get preventive care. Yet, due to lack of infrastructure and resources millions of patients do not avail such diagnosis. In this paper, I explore the possibility of developing an automatic retinal disease classifier using computer vision algorithms. Two different classes of algorithms are tested; (a) traditional computer vision approach of hand crafting features followed by developing machine learning (ML) models (b) automatic feature engineering and classification using more modern convolutional neural networks (CNN). The above algorithms were used to build both multi-class classifiers, i.e. the models which are trained to identify the correct disease, and binary classifiers, i.e. models that are trained to determine if a patient has a specific disease or not. A set of 600 pre-labelled retinal scan images were used to train the models. Both the ML and CNN models had relatively modest success in the multiclass scenario. However, the ML models were found to be reliably accurate in binary classification scenario, achieving >90% accuracy in identifying cataract.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[981] viXra:1910.0434 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-22 23:10:12

Machine Learning Alternatives for the Diagnosis of Adhd from Functional Connectivity and Phenotypic Information

Authors: Amrit Baveja
Comments: 43 Pages.

Current estimates are that 5-10% of school age children (including the author) suffer from ADHD, costing the US healthcare system alone over $36B. However, factors such as a revenue-motivated healthcare system and researcher confirmation bias make ADHD overdiagnosis a very real issue, and today, there continues to be no reliable technique for automated ADHD diagnosis in clinical use. This work’s objective was to improve upon previous attempts to develop machine learning models for automated ADHD diagnosis. For this project, the author used the ADHD200 dataset which was generated for an international competition in 2011. The author extended the competition’s approach in several ways: First, the author combined high coverage phenotypic features with the functional connectome features used previously. Next, the author used a random 20% test/train split cross-validated five times to avoid overfitting, rather than the previously used fixed test/train split. Third, the author used a broad range of newer models such as neural networks and deep forest. Finally, the author used newer hyperparameter optimization techniques to identify the best model parameters. The best model explored was the more recent gcForest model with automated optimization -- it improved the previous best ADHD F1 from 0.32 to 0.52, a substantial improvement in binary diagnostic performance.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[980] viXra:1910.0433 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-22 00:14:26

RTOP: A Conceptual and Computational Framework for General Intelligence

Authors: Shilpesh Garg
Comments: 17 Pages.

A novel general intelligence model is proposed with three types of learning. A unified sequence of the foreground percept trace and the command trace translates into direct and time-hop observation paths to form the basis of Raw learning. Raw learning includes the formation of image-image associations, which lead to the perception of temporal and spatial relationships among objects and object parts; and the formation of image-audio associations, which serve as the building blocks of language. Offline identification of similar segments in the observation paths and their subsequent reduction into a common segment through merging of memory nodes leads to Generalized learning. Generalization includes the formation of interpolated sensory nodes for robust and generic matching, the formation of sensory properties nodes for specific matching and superimposition, and the formation of group nodes for simpler logic pathways. Online superimposition of memory nodes across multiple predictions, primarily the superimposition of images on the internal projection canvas, gives rise to Innovative learning and thought. The learning of actions happens the same way as raw learning while the action determination happens through the utility model built into the raw learnings, the utility function being the pleasure and pain of the physical senses.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[979] viXra:1910.0429 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-22 03:23:29

An Insight Into Mathematics Behind Rabin Finger Printing to Develop QRNG/ ML-Machine Learning/c/ruby/ruby-LLVM/LLVM-Polly/iot/aot/hpc – High Performance Computing Heterogeneous Systems/environments.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

An Insight into Mathematics behind Rabin Finger Printing to Develop QRNG/ML-Machine Learning/C/Ruby/Ruby-LLVM/LLVM-Polly/IoT/AoT/HPC – High Performance Computing Heterogeneous Systems/Environments.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[978] viXra:1910.0409 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-21 05:44:41

Data Mining Earth's Biodiversity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

Once the data are available, they are immediately distributed to global biodiversity platforms, such as GBIF—the Global Biodiversity Information Facility. [24] Researchers at Oregon State University have used deep learning to decipher which ribonucleic acids have the potential to encode proteins. [23] A new method allows researchers to systematically identify specialized proteins that unpack DNA inside the nucleus of a cell, making the usually dense DNA more accessible for gene expression and other functions. [22]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[977] viXra:1910.0400 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-21 10:01:20

On the Maximum X Entropy Negation of a Complex-Valued Distribution

Authors: Fuyuan Xiao
Comments: 2 Pages.

In this paper, we propose a generalized model of the negation function, so that it can has more powerful capability to represent the knowledge and uncertainty measure. In particular, we first define a vector representation of complex-valued distribution. Then, an entropy measure is proposed for the complex-valued distribution, called X entropy. After that, a transformation function to acquire the negation of the complex-valued distribution is exploited. Finally, we verify that the proposed negation method has a maximal entropy.x
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[976] viXra:1910.0382 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-20 23:09:50

Intrusion Detection using Sequential Hybrid Model

Authors: Aditya Pandey, Abhishek Sinha, Aishwarya PS
Comments: 6 Pages.

A large amount of work has been done on the KDD 99 dataset, most of which includes the use of a hybrid anomaly and misuse detection model done in parallel with each other. In order to further classify the intrusions, our approach to network intrusion detection includes use of two different anomaly detection models followed by misuse detection applied on the combined output abtained from the previous step. The end goal of this is to verify the anomalies detected by the anomaly detection algorithm and clarify whether they are actually intrusions or random outliers from the trained normal (and thus to try and reduce the number of false positives). We aim to detect a pattern in this novel intrusion technique itself, and not the handling of such intrusions. The intrusions were detected to a very high degree of accuracy.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[975] viXra:1910.0362 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-19 20:41:22

Walkrnn: Reading Stories from Property Graphs

Authors: Deborah Tylor, Joseph Haaga, Mirco Mannucci
Comments: 7 Pages.

WalkRNN, the approach described herein, leverages research in learning continuous representations for nodes in networks, layers in features captured in property graph attributes and labels, and uses Deep Learning language modeling via Recurrent Neural Networks to read the grammar of an enriched property graph. We then demonstrate translating this learned graph literacy into actionable knowledge through graph classification tasks.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[974] viXra:1910.0335 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-18 03:25:08

Computers Models of Wind Turbines

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 37 Pages.

Researchers have modeled the fluid dynamics of multi-rotor wind turbines, and how they interact in wind farms. The research demonstrates a clear advantage for a turbine model with four rotors. [24] This makes it a potential candidate for the next generation of larger and more powerful quantum computers," adds Ulrik Lund Andersen. [23] An international team of scientists from Australia, Japan and the United States has produced a prototype of a large-scale quantum processor made of laser light. [22]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[973] viXra:1910.0284 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-16 18:42:13

Harnessing Machine Learning to Anticipate Infectious Disease Threats with Pandemic Potential

Authors: Chandra Swarathesh Addanki
Comments: 8 Pages.

With the massive emergence and exponential increase in the number of infectious diseases with pandemic potential spreading across the globe, we need a modern approach to find these sort of infectious diseases before they reach their pandemic potential , Our objective is to address this challenge by creating an IVR (interactive Voice Response) system which takes a voice input from user then queries, filters and classifies using big data whether the disease is pandemic and informs the user the results of the prediction and keeps track of it.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[972] viXra:1910.0280 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-16 02:09:26

R+Java+Renjin+ImageJ+JikesRVM in the Context of Sparse Matrices/Machine Learning/Medical Imaging R&D in HPC – High Performance Computing Environments.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

R+Java+Renjin+ImageJ+JikesRVM in the Context of Sparse Matrices/Machine Learning/Medical Imaging R&D in HPC – High Performance Computing Environments.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[971] viXra:1910.0257 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-15 02:19:06

[ Gentle Compiler Construction System/cool-Spe ] in the Context of [ Minsky Machines/nlp ] Towards Big Data Testing on Iot/hpc [ Hardware+software+firmware ] R&D Platforms – a General Approach in Using Minsky Machines+nlp.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

[ Gentle Compiler Construction System/CooL-SPE ] in the Context of [ Minsky Machines/NLP ] towards BIG DATA Testing on IoT/HPC - [ Hardware+Software+Firmware ] R&D Platforms – A General Approach in Using Minsky Machines+NLP.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[970] viXra:1910.0255 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-15 04:07:04

A Deep Neural Network as Surrogate Model for Forward Simulation of Borehole Resistivity Measurements

Authors: M. Shahriari, D. Pardo, B. Moser
Comments: 7 Pages.

Inverse problems appear in multiple industrial applications. Solving such inverse problems require the repeated solution of the forward problem. This is the most time-consuming stage when employing inversion techniques, and it constitutes a severe limitation when the inversion needs to be performed in real-time. In here, we focus on the real-time inversion of resistivity measurements for geosteering. We investigate the use of a deep neural network (DNN) to approximate the forward function arising from Maxwell's equations, which govern the electromagnetic wave propagation through a media. By doing so, the evaluation of the forward problems is performed offline, allowing for the online real-time evaluation (inversion) of the DNN.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[969] viXra:1910.0234 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-14 03:51:15

The Pascal Triangle of Maximum Deng Entropy

Authors: Xiaozhuan Gao, Yong Deng
Comments: 19 Pages.

Pascal-Triangle (known as Yang Hui Triangle) is an important structure in mathematics, which has been used many fields. Entropy plays an essential role in physics. In various, information entropy is used to measure the uncertainty of information. Hence, setting the connection between Pascal Triangle and information uncertainty is a question worth exploring. Deng proposed the Deng entropy that it can measure non-specificity and discord of basic probability assignment (BPA) in Dempster-Shafer (D-S) evidence theory. D-S evidence theory and power set are very closely related. Hence, by analysing the maximum Deng entropy, the paper find that there is an potential rule of BPA with changes of frame of discernment. Finally, the paper set the relation between the maximum Deng entropy and PascalTriangle.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[968] viXra:1910.0197 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-12 21:56:48

[ OCaml-LLVM/Polly-Owl-Satallax(Theorem Prover in OCaml) - CoqTP/OCaml - Q*cert/OCaml/Eigen ] in the Context of IoT/HPC-High Performance Computing - Heterogeneous Environments to [ Design+Test+Implement DNA based Theoretical Gene Therapy Informatics ] R&D

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 4 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

[ OCaml-LLVM/Polly-Owl-Satallax(Theorem Prover in OCaml) - CoqTP/OCaml - Q*cert/OCaml/Eigen ] in the Context of IoT/HPC-High Performance Computing - Heterogeneous Environments to[Design+Test+Implement DNA based Theoretical Gene Therapy Informatics ] R&D Framework – A Simple Suggestion & Novel Approach.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[967] viXra:1910.0191 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-12 03:54:59

Artificial Intelligence Determine Exoplanets Sizes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

Using a machine learning technique, a team of Instituto de Astrofísica e Ciências do Espaço researchers constrained the radius of an exoplanet with known mass. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning-a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data-with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[966] viXra:1910.0166 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-10 16:35:34

Unbias Coding(™): a Meditation.

Authors: Bheemaiah, Anil Kumar
Comments: 4 Pages.

The blue ribbon of free speech was taunted, may be it is the Unbias Coding(™) by A.B, my company. ChatterBoxing with the network, I meditate in this publication on OOPS, NLP and the wigner universe, can we evolve self conscious machines, without the diagonal paradox? Read my reflections and share yours at the miyawaki spam free mail address. Keywords: Approximation, iSense, metamodels, machine evolution, code generation, OOPS, NLP, Cheap Talk, Sand Boxing, Wolfram Cloud and Script, Wisdom Capital.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[965] viXra:1910.0163 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-10 01:52:58

[ Julia+flux-ML Library+polly-LLVM+QRNG Services/quantum Devices+qrng Library ] in the Context of Understanding [ Machine Learning-Ml/internet of Things-Iot/hpc High Performance Computing ] Based Advanced Medical Imaging Software R&D

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

[ Julia+Flux-ML Library+Polly-LLVM+QRNG Services/Quantum Devices+qrng library ] in the Context of Understanding [ Machine Learning-ML/Internet of Things-IoT/HPC -High Performance Computing ] based Advanced Medical Imaging Software R&D – A Simple & Useful Suggestion.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[964] viXra:1910.0122 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-08 17:15:21

Confusion in the Matrix: Going Beyond the Roc Curve

Authors: Stephen Borstelmann, Saurabh Jha
Comments: 11 Pages. all rights reserved by the authors; no reproduction without attribution / citation

Artificial intelligence algorithms are being created on both investigationally and commercially. Evaluation of their performance is important for developers, investigators, clinical physicians, and regulatory agencies. No clear consensus exists on what metrics are best for algorithmic evaluation for AI and ML applications in radiology. We review the basics of the confusion matrix, continue to single number summary values such as accuracy, F1 score, and ɸ coefficient, and then discuss Receiver Operator Curves and their derivatives, Precision Recall Curves, and Cost Curves. Recommendations are made for potential future directions and what currently may be best practices in algorithmic evaluation metrics.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[963] viXra:1910.0108 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-08 09:17:39

Artificial Intelligence Cytometer in Blood

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

Detection of rare cells in blood and other bodily fluids has numerous important applications including diagnostics, monitoring disease progression and evaluating immune response. [25] But making those quantum leaps from science fiction to reality required hard work from computer scientists like Yoshua Bengio, Geoffrey Hinton and Yann LeCun. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning—a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data—with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[962] viXra:1910.0101 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-07 09:42:55

[ JI Prolog/JikesRVM-Research Virtual Machine/Java-NLP/Java-Genetic Algorithms ] & its Important Uses in the R&D Domains of [ Bio-informatics ] – A Simple Suggestion Once Again in the Context of Complex Systems by Adding Java based AI Dimension.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 4 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

[ JI Prolog/JikesRVM-Research Virtual Machine/Java-NLP/Java-Genetic Algorithms ] & its Important Uses in the R&D Domains of [ Bio-informatics ] – A Simple Suggestion Once Again in the Context of Complex Systems by Adding Java based AI Dimension.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[961] viXra:1910.0087 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-06 21:42:02

An Insight Into [ Dlib C++ Machine Learning Library + Pulseseq+cplusplus-NLP-Library/python NLTK Library ] Software to Understand MR Sequences in the Context of [ Iot/hpc/nlp ] Informatics Environments.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

An Insight into [ Dlib C++ Machine Learning Library + PulseSeq+CPlusPlus-NLP-Library/python NLTK library ]Software to Understand MR Sequences in the Context of [ IoT/HPC/NLP ] Informatics Environments.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[960] viXra:1910.0066 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-06 09:27:07

Breaking the Wall of Unfamiliarity of One's Own Voice

Authors: Sun Ruikang
Comments: 2 Pages.

The voice someone heard inside their head is generally different from it heard on record. This problem makes it difficult to sing correctly for many people. Due to the development of Transfer Learning and Neural Networks, we can transfer the voice we really made to the voice we intend to with models like Generative Adversarial Networks (GAN).
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[959] viXra:1910.0060 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-05 14:14:25

Study on Application of Machine Learning Intelligence for Identification and Control of Nonlinear Dynamical Systems: Case Study Robotic Manipulators

Authors: Divya Rao Ashok Kumar, Krishna Vijayaraghavan
Comments: 50 Pages.

In the literature, machine learning has been referred to as deeply structured learning, hierarchical learning and feature based learning which can provide computational models from high-level data abstractions. One of the most used learning structures is the multiple-layered models of inputs, commonly known as neural networks, which comprise multiple levels of non-linear operations. The machine learning algorithms are able solve many problems around fault detection, isolation and recovery. There has been a growing interest in using learning architectures in advanced robotics applications, e.g., object detection, scene semantic segmentation, and grasping. The real-time learning of high-dimensional features for robotics applications via machine learning techniques is another important topic. In addition, other topics in robotics such as obstacle detection and context-dependent social mapping are also being addressed by researchers through machine learning methods. Machine learning algorithms provide real time driving decisions for automated vehicles (self-driving vehicles or driverless cars) from integration of numerous sensors onboard the vehicle. The advancement of autonomous navigation and situational awareness systems adapt neural networks for analyzing the multi-modal sensor inputs. We observe that machine learning algorithms influence largely in decision making process. But, there is need to understand the control system consequences for adapting the outcome of the machine learning algorithm. This proposal presents the detailed study on the influences of machine learning architectures and algorithms for modeling and control of nonlinear dynamical system. Research Outcome: · Knowledge on machine learning architectures (Support Vector Machines (SVMs), Conditional Random Field, supervised neural network) · Understanding the constraints on applicability of ML architectures for nonlinear dynamical system · Study on real time control of nonlinear dynamical system with ML algorithm in closed loop.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[958] viXra:1910.0046 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-05 05:49:58

Machine Learning Cosmic and Subatomic Scales

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

While high-energy physics and cosmology seem worlds apart in terms of sheer scale, physicists and cosmologists at Argonne are using similar machine learning methods to address classification problems for both subatomic particles and galaxies. [27] A new study from the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory has achieved a breakthrough in the effort to mathematically represent how water behaves. [26] A new tool is drastically changing the face of chemical research – artificial intelligence. In a new paper published in Nature, researchers review the rapid progress in machine learning for the chemical sciences. [25]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[957] viXra:1910.0019 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-01 19:06:48

A Harmless Wireless Quantum Alternative to Cell Phones Based on Quantum Noise

Authors: Robert Neil Boyd, Victor Christianto, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 5 Pages. This paper has been accepted and published by EC Neurology Journal, 2019. Comments are welcome

In the meantime we know that 4G and 5G technologies cause many harms to human health. Therefore, here we submit a harmless wireless quantum alternative to cell phones. It is our hope that this alternative communication method can find its way to realization, while the existing RF based wireless technologies (4G, 5G) are being phased out.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[956] viXra:1910.0009 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-01 01:35:41

[ Python Metaprogramming+Z3Py-Python Theorem Prover+ImageAI ] in the Context of Radiation Oncology & [ IoT/HPC ]- High Performance Computing Heterogeneous Informatics R&D – An Interesting Insight into the World of Metaprogramming Concepts

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Short Communication-Review

[ Python Metaprogramming+Z3Py-Python Theorem Prover+ImageAI ] in the Context of Radiation Oncology & [ IoT/HPC ]- High Performance Computing Heterogeneous Informatics R&D – An Interesting Insight into the World of Metaprogramming Concepts With a Useful Review. [ Exploring Metaprogramming+AI to Probe Complex Design Patterns Next Generation Medical Software R&D ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[955] viXra:1909.0619 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-28 15:59:43

Classifying Cardiotocography Data based on Rough Neural Network

Authors: Belal Amin, Mona Gamall, A.A.Salama, I.M.El-Henawy
Comments: 5 Pages.

—Cardiotocography is a medical device that monitors fetal heart rate and the uterine contraction during the period of pregnancy. It is used to diagnose and classify a fetus state by doctors who have challenges of uncertainty in data. The Rough Neural Network is one of the most common data mining techniques to classify medical data, as it is a good solution for the uncertainty challenge. This paper provides a simulation of Rough Neural Network in classifying cardiotocography dataset. The paper measures the accuracy rate and consumed time during the classification process. WEKA tool is used to analyse cardiotocography data with different algorithms (neural network, decision table, bagging, the nearest neighbour, decision stump and least square support vector machine algorithm). The comparison shows that the accuracy rates and time consumption of the proposed model are feasible and efficient.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[954] viXra:1909.0606 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-29 14:31:10

Fcnhsmra_hrs: Improve the Performance of the Movie Hybrid Recommender System Using Resource Allocation Approach

Authors: Mostafa Khalaji, Nilufar Mohammadnejad
Comments: 8 Pages. Conference: 4th International Conference on Researchers in Science & Engineering & International Congress on Civil, Architecture and Urbanism in Asia, Kasem Bundit University, Bangkok, Thailand, At: Kasem Bundit University, Bangkok- Thailand, March 2019.

Recommender systems are systems that are capable of offering the most suitable services and products to users. Through specific methods and techniques, the recommender systems try to identify the most appropriate items, such as types of information and goods and propose the closest to the user’s tastes. Collaborative filtering offering active user suggestions based on the rating of a set of users is one of the simplest and most comprehensible and successful models for finding people in the same tastes in the recommender systems. In this model, with increasing number of users and movie, the system is subject to scalability. On the other hand, it is important to improve the performance of the system when there is little information available on the ratings. In this paper, a movie hybrid recommender system based on FNHSM_HRS structure using resource allocation approach called FCNHSMRA_HRS is presented. The FNHSM_HRS structure was based on the heuristic similarity measure (NHSM), along with fuzzy clustering. Using the fuzzy clustering method in the proposed system improves the scalability problem and increases the accuracy of system suggestions. The proposed systems is based on collaborative filtering and, by using the heuristic similarity measure and applying the resource allocation approach, improves the performance, accuracy and precision of the system. The experimental results using MAE, Accuracy, Precision and Recall metrics based on MovieLens dataset show that the performance of the system is improved and the accuracy of recommendations in comparison of FNHSM_HRS and collaborative filtering methods that use other similarity measures for finding similarity, is increased.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[953] viXra:1909.0605 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-29 14:36:17

FNHSM_HRS: Hybrid Recommender System Using Fuzzy Clustering and Heuristic Similarity Measure

Authors: Mostafa Khalaji, Chitra Dadkhah
Comments: 6 Pages. Conference: 7th Iranian Joint Congress on Fuzzy and Intelligent Systems, 18th Conference on Fuzzy Systems and 17th Conference on Intelligent Systems, Bojnord, Iran, University of Bojnord, p.p. 562-568, January 2019. Persian formatted

Nowadays, Recommender Systems have become a comprehensive system for helping and guiding users in a huge amount of data on the Internet. Collaborative Filtering offers to active users based on the rating of a set of users. One of the simplest and most comprehensible and successful models is to find users with a taste in recommender systems. In this model, with increasing number of users and items, the system is faced to scalability problem. On the other hand, improving system performance when there is little information available from ratings, that is important. In this paper, a hybrid recommender system called FNHSM_HRS which is based on the new heuristic similarity measure (NHSM) along with a fuzzy clustering is presented. Using the fuzzy clustering method in the proposed system improves the scalability problem and increases the accuracy of system recommendations. The proposed system is based on the collaborative filtering model and is partnered with the heuristic similarity measure to improve the system's performance and accuracy. The evaluation of the proposed system based results on the MovieLens dataset carried out the results using MAE, Recall, Precision and Accuracy measures Indicating improvement in system performance and increasing the accuracy of recommendation to collaborative filtering methods which use other measures to find similarities.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[952] viXra:1909.0604 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-29 14:41:06

CUPCF: Combining Users Preferences in Collaborative Filtering for Better Recommendation

Authors: Mostafa Khalaji, Nilufar Mohammadnejad
Comments: 12 Pages. Accepted in SN applied sciences journal, August 2019, DOI: 10.1007/s42452-019-1071-6.

How to make the best decision between the opinions and tastes of your friends and acquaintances? Therefore, recommender systems are used to solve such issues. The common algorithms use a similarity measure to predict active users’ tastes over a particular item. According to the cold start and data sparsity problems, these systems cannot predict and suggest particular items to users. In this paper, we introduce a new recommender system is able to find user preferences and based on it, provides the recommendations. Our proposed system called CUPCF is a combination of two similarity measures in collaborative filtering to solve the data sparsity problem and poor prediction (high prediction error rate) problems for better recommendation. The experimental results based on MovieLens dataset show that, combined with the preferences of the user’s nearest neighbor, the proposed system error rate compared to a number of state-of-the-art recommendation methods improved. Furthermore, the results indicate the efficiency of CUPCF. The maximum improved error rate of the system is 15.5% and the maximum values of Accuracy, Precision and Recall of CUPCF are 0.91402, 0.91436 and 0.9974 respectively.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[951] viXra:1909.0601 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-27 07:58:36

AI for Data Analysis

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

Applying AI know-how to the giant pool of data gathered from the world’s leading and most powerful scientific instruments could accelerate the process of scientific discovery. [28] Scientists from the University of Oxford, in collaboration with University of Basel and Lancaster University, have developed an algorithm that can be used to measure quantum dots automatically. [27] A research team from the RIKEN Center for Advanced Intelligence Project (AIP) has successfully developed a new method for machine learning that allows an AI to make classifications without what is known as "negative data," a finding which could lead to wider application to a variety of classification tasks. [26]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[950] viXra:1909.0596 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-27 11:14:50

Capacity Building of Client-Server Disruption Network Over Cloud Server Using Network Forensics

Authors: Rohit Sansiya, V. Jackins
Comments: 9 Pages.

Cloud computing is growing now-a-days in the interest of technical approach can be improved much instead of using traditional ICT. A significant number of secure systems are concerned with monitoring the environment. There are some equipment to measuring consumption of utilities but data loss can be a common experience of computer users, that lots of respondents had lost files on their home PC. The features included in Backup and Restore may differ depending on the edition of Windows. It is challenging for cloud providers to quickly interpret which events to act upon and the priority of events [8]. Unlimited host systems though realistically, you probably only need enough to host the number of VMs your license provides. Unlimited Virtual systems under management, So if you have a dozen real systems and they have Virtualization on them, you can manage all of them, without it effecting your Cloud hosted licensed virtual machine count. The server must also be granted permissions to make kerberos login just as they would if services creation was going to be done from client systems over disruption network and then administrator could be fetch the particular network using wireshark.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[949] viXra:1909.0591 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-27 23:31:25

Towards Performing Customized Cryo-Em/sem/tem Image Processing Applications by Combining [ Qupath + Imagej/ Fiji+jikesrvm/rvm-Research Virtual Machine ] Via Groovy a JVM Language in the Context of [ Iot/hpc High Performance Computing/ji Prolog/linux os

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 4 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

Towards Performing Customized cryo-EM/SEM/TEM Image Processing Applications by Combining [ QuPath + ImageJ/ Fiji+JikesRVM/RVM-Research Virtual Machine ] via Groovy- a JVM Language in the Context of [ IoT/HPC- High Performance Computing/ JI Prolog/Linux OS ] Heterogeneous Environments. [ Exploring Novel Algorithms Using Java/Groovy/RVM – for Advanced Electron Microscopy Image Processing Frameworks ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[948] viXra:1909.0589 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-28 03:26:09

Machine Learning Energy Harvesting

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 34 Pages.

Electrical engineers at Duke University have harnessed the power of machine learning to design dielectric (non-metal) metamaterials that absorb and emit specific frequencies of terahertz radiation. [22] Understanding how a robot will react under different conditions is essential to guaranteeing its safe operation. [21] Marculescu, along with ECE Ph.D. student Chieh Lo, has developed a machine learning algorithm-called MPLasso-that uses data to infer associations and interactions between microbes in the GI microbiome. [20] A team of researchers from the University of Muenster in Germany has now demonstrated that this combination is extremely well suited to planning chemical syntheses-so-called retrosyntheses-with unprecedented efficiency. [19] Two physicists at ETH Zurich and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have developed a novel machine-learning algorithm that analyses large data sets describing a physical system and extract from them the essential information needed to understand the underlying physics. [18]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[947] viXra:1909.0575 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-26 13:00:57

Machine Learning Quantum Devices

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

Scientists from the University of Oxford, in collaboration with University of Basel and Lancaster University, have developed an algorithm that can be used to measure quantum dots automatically. [27] A research team from the RIKEN Center for Advanced Intelligence Project (AIP) has successfully developed a new method for machine learning that allows an AI to make classifications without what is known as "negative data," a finding which could lead to wider application to a variety of classification tasks. [26] Artificial intelligence is helping improve safety along a stretch of Las Vegas' busiest highway. [25]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[946] viXra:1909.0553 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-25 11:38:33

Smart Pots for Cuddles(™) Based Therapy, for Autism and Psychosis Spectrum Disorders.

Authors: Bheemaiah, Anil Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages.

A smart pot design with Sonoff TH10/TH16 is developed for a DIY therapy based on the Cuddles(™) thermo regulation device. This paper is a supplement to already published literature by the author. The paper extends the therapy hardware to a version two, which includes polled wake word actions based on an ultrasound signalling from the plant, a way to listen to stress and ill-health signals from the plant for a stronger plant human interface and meaningful cuddles. The following paper is on the DIY series and published on Hackster.io(“Smart Pots for Cuddles(TM) Based Therapy, for Autism” n.d.) For other solutions see, (“iPot ‘The Worlds First Intelligent Plant Pot’” n.d., “Smart Garden” n.d., “Automatic Watering System for Plants with Arduino” n.d., “Smart Plant Monitoring with SMS Alert: Keep Plants Hydrated!” n.d.) Keywords: Cuddles(™), IFTTT, RAVATTT, Ultrasound plant signalling, Alexa, pots, succulents, Sonoff, DSP, wake words, IOT, actions
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[945] viXra:1909.0548 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-25 22:42:26

Exploring Software Tools like Gaelyk+JikesRVM+JI Prolog in the Context of IoT/HPC/Cloud/AI Applications – An Intelligent Informatics Framework Using Groovy Language+RVM-Research Virtual Machine+JI Prolog for Heterogeneous Environments.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

Exploring Software Tools like Gaelyk+JikesRVM+JI Prolog in the Context of IoT/HPC/Cloud/AI Applications – An Intelligent Informatics Framework Using Groovy Language+RVM-Research Virtual Machine+JI Prolog for Heterogeneous Environments.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[944] viXra:1909.0546 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-26 03:23:27

Machine Learning Metamaterial Design

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

Electrical engineers at Duke University have harnessed the power of machine learning to design dielectric (non-metal) metamaterials that absorb and emit specific frequencies of terahertz radiation. [27] Reporting their findings in the open-access journal npj Computational Materials, the researchers show that their ML method, involving "transfer learning," enables the discovery of materials with desired properties even from an exceeding small data set. [26] The analysis of sensor data of machines, plants or buildings makes it possible to detect anomalous states early and thus to avoid further damage. [25] Physicists in the US have used machine learning to determine the phase diagram of a system of 12 idealized quantum particles to a higher precision than ever before. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning-a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data-with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[943] viXra:1909.0513 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-24 23:10:03

Captcha Generation and Identification Using Generative Adversarial Networks

Authors: Hardik Ajmani, Mrinal Wahal
Comments: 10 Pages.

Adversarial attacking is an emerging worrying angle in the field of AI, capable of fooling even the most efficiently trained models to produce results as and when required. Inversely, the same design powering adversarial attacks can be employed for efficient white-hat modeling of deep neural networks. Recently introduced GANs (Generative Adversarial Networks) serve precisely this purpose by generating forged data. Consequently, authentic data identification is a crucial problem to be done away with, considering increased adversarial attacks. This paper proposes an approach using DCGANs (Deep Convolutional Generative Adversarial Networks) to both - generate and distinguish artificially produced fake captchas. The generator model produces a significant number of unseen images, and the discriminatory model classifies them as fake (0) or genuine (1). Interestingly enough, both the models can be configured to learn from each other and become better as they train along.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[942] viXra:1909.0490 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-24 02:44:50

An Insight into HOL-Isabelle/Coq Theorem Provers based Design of Algorithms Using [ Minsky Machines+Scala NLP/Scala/Akka/JikesRVM-Research Virtual Machine/JVM/LLVM ] in the Context of Electronic Health Record [ EHR ] Software R&D - A Simple Suggestion

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 6 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

An Insight into HOL-Isabelle/Coq Theorem Provers based Design of Algorithms Using [ Minsky Machines+Scala NLP/Scala/Akka/JikesRVM-Research Virtual Machine/JVM/LLVM ] in the Context of Electronic Health Record [ EHR ] Software R&D - A Simple Suggestion on Using [ NLP+IoT+HPC ]. [ Exploring Challenges involving HOL/Coq+Minsky Machines Theory + NLP Theory Raspberry PI+IoT+HPC Informatics Better Health Care ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[941] viXra:1909.0489 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-24 03:06:17

Digital Computers Model Chaos

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

The study, published today in Advanced Theory and Simulations, shows that digital computers cannot reliably reproduce the behaviour of 'chaotic systems' which are widespread. [20] It sounds like science fiction: controlling electronic devices with brain waves. But researchers have developed a new type of electroencephalogram (EEG) electrode that can do just that, without the sticky gel required for conventional electrodes. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[940] viXra:1909.0458 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-22 00:31:02

An Interesting Insight Into Using [ Ruby Machine Learning Library+qrng+entropy+signal Processing ] Towards co-Designing of Novel [ Hardware/software/firmware ] in the Context of Smart Platforms Based Heterogeneous Environments to Probe Circadian Rhythms

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 6 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

An Interesting Insight into Using [ Ruby Machine learning Library+QRNG+Entropy+Signal Processing ] towards Co-Designing of Novel [ Hardware/Software/Firmware ] in the Context of Smart Platforms based Heterogeneous Environments to Probe Circadian Rhythms[CR] +Data. [ Exploring Testing of Pin Configurations + Firmware Using Above Mentioned Concepts ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[939] viXra:1909.0441 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 10:51:04

ANN-based Shear Capacity of Steel Fiber-Reinforced Concrete Beams Without Stirrups

Authors: M. Abambres, E. Lantsoght
Comments: Pages.

Comparing experimental results on the shear capacity of steel fiber-reinforced concrete (SFRC) beams without mild steel stirrups, to the ones predicted by current design equations and other available formulations, still shows significant differences. In this paper we propose the use of artificial intelligence to estimate the shear capacity of these members. A database of 430 test results reported in the literature is used to develop an artificial neural network-based formula that predicts the shear capacity of SFRC beams without shear reinforcement. The proposed model yields maximum and mean relative errors of 0.0% for the 430 data points, which represents a better prediction (mean Vtest / VANN = 1.00 with a coefficient of variation of 1E-15) than the existing expressions, where the best model yields a mean value of Vtest / Vpred = 1.01 and a coefficient of variation of 27%.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[938] viXra:1909.0414 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-19 11:06:09

Brain-Computer Interfaces

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 28 Pages.

It sounds like science fiction: controlling electronic devices with brain waves. But researchers have developed a new type of electroencephalogram (EEG) electrode that can do just that, without the sticky gel required for conventional electrodes. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] Now researchers at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and UC Berkeley have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[937] viXra:1909.0407 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 01:02:49

Implementation of Python Based Ehr/emr Software Prototyping Informatics Framework – a Novel & Simple Algorithm Using Spacy+theorem Prover+data Bases+qrng Concepts+deep Learning Methods.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

Implementation of Python based EHR/EMR Software Prototyping Informatics Framework – A Novel & Simple Algorithm Using spaCy+Theorem Prover+Data Bases+QRNG Concepts+Deep Learning Methods.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[936] viXra:1909.0398 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 06:00:27

Unboxing AI - Radiological Insights Into a Deep Neural Network for Lung Nodule Characterization

Authors: Vasantha Kumar Venugopal, Kiran Vaidhya, Abhijith Chundur, Vidur Mahajan, Murali Murugavel, Suthirth Vaidya, Digvijay Mahra, Akshay Rangasai, Harsh Mahajan
Comments: 18 Pages.

Rationale and Objectives: To explain predictions of a deep residual convolutional network for characterization of lung nodule by analyzing heat maps Materials and Methods A 20-layer deep residual CNN was trained on 1245 Chest CTs from NLST trial to predict the malignancy risk of a nodule. We used occlusion to systematically block regions of a nodule and map drops in malignancy risk score to generate clinical attribution heatmaps on 103 nodules from LIDC-IDRI dataset, which were analyzed by a thoracic radiologist. The features were described as heat inside nodule (IH)-bright areas inside nodule, peripheral heat (PH)-continuous/interrupted bright areas along nodule contours, heat in adjacent plane (AH)-brightness in scan planes juxtaposed with the nodule, satellite heat (SH)- a smaller bright spot in proximity to nodule in the same scan plane, heat map larger than nodule (LH)-bright areas corresponding to the shape of the nodule seen outside the nodule margins and heat in calcification (CH) Results These six features were assigned binary values. This feature vector was fed into a standard J48 decision tree with 10-fold cross-validation, which gave an 85 % weighted classification accuracy with a 77.8 %TP rate, 8% FP rate for benign cases and 91.8% TP and 22.2 %FP rates for malignant cases. IH was more frequently observed in nodules classified as malignant whereas PH, AH, and SH were more commonly seen in nodules classified as benign. Conclusion We discuss the potential ability of a radiologist to visually parse the deep learning algorithm-generated 'heat map' to identify features aiding classification
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[935] viXra:1909.0392 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-18 08:02:33

Artificial Intelligence Probes Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

A team of physicists and computer scientists at ETH Zurich has developed a new approach to the problem of dark matter and dark energy in the universe. Using machine learning tools, they programmed computers to teach themselves how to extract the relevant information from maps of the universe. [31] These results, important for the construction of new theoretical models and for the development of new hypotheses about the nature of dark matter, offer much more precise indications for tracing the intricate path to understanding one of the largest mysteries of the cosmos. [30] New research lends further support to the idea that a detection of surprisingly strong absorption by primordial hydrogen gas, reported earlier this year, could be evidence of dark matter. [29] Physicists in Italy are about to start up a new experiment designed to hunt for hypothetical particles such as the "dark photon" and carriers of a possible fifth force of nature. [28] A signal caused by the very first stars to form in the universe has been picked up by a tiny but highly specialised radio telescope in the remote Western Australian desert. [27] This week, scientists from around the world who gathered at the University of California, Los Angeles, at the Dark Matter 2018 Symposium learned of new results in the search for evidence of the elusive material in Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) by the DarkSide-50 detector. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[934] viXra:1909.0383 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-19 01:01:48

[ Spacy+imageai+spin Glass Theory+z3 Api ] All in Python Language – an Insight Into the World of Natural Language Processing(nlp) Towards Understanding Informatics of Finite Automata Involving DNA Sequencing & Some Interesting Applications Like Gene Chips

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

[ spaCy+ImageAI+Spin Glass Theory+Z3 API ] all in Python Language – An Insight into the World of Natural Language Processing(NLP) towards Understanding Informatics of Finite Automata involving DNA Sequencing & Some Interesting Applications like Gene Chips. [ Exploring – NLP+Spin Glass Theory+AI+Theorem Proving in the Context of Developing Next Generation Bio-informatics ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[933] viXra:1909.0364 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-17 23:30:47

Exploring Ruby Based Bio-informatics R&D Framework Using NLP/BioNLP/SVM/QRNG/HPC/IoT/Mongo DB/BaseX DB Systems & Related Environments – A Novel Multidisciplinary Approach.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 5 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

Exploring Ruby Based Bio-informatics R&D Framework Using NLP/BioNLP/SVM/QRNG/HPC/IoT/Mongo DB/BaseX DB Systems & Related Environments – A Novel Multidisciplinary Approach. [ Probing Advanced Computational Aspects of Cancer Research With Mathematics ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[932] viXra:1909.0347 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-16 14:38:53

Application of ANN in Pavement Engineering: State-of-Art

Authors: M. Abambres, A. Ferreira
Comments: 61 Pages.

There has been much discussion about the impact and future of artificial intelligence (AI) in our lives and future generations. Many experts even believe that AI will “rule” the world. Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) have provided a convenient and often extremely accurate solution to problems within all fields, and can be seen as advanced general-purpose regression models that try to mimic the behavior of the human brain. The adoption and use of ANN-based methods in the Mechanistic-Empirical Pavement Design Guide is a clear sign of the successful use of neural nets in geomechanical and pavement systems. This work aims to provide an extensive and detailed state-of-the-art of the application of ANN models to pavement management, materials and design problems. Unlike former review articles published before 2014, this work is more descriptive and makes the review much more appealing to the reader by highlighting numerically and/or graphically the effectiveness and possible drawbacks of each ANN application.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[931] viXra:1909.0346 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-16 14:41:13

Neural Network-Based Formula for the Buckling Load Prediction of I-Section Cellular Steel Beams

Authors: M. Abambres, K. Rajana, K. Tsavdaridis, T. Ribeiro
Comments: 50 Pages.

Cellular beams are an attractive option for the steel construction industry due to their versatility in terms of strength, size, and weight. Further benefits are the integration of services thereby reducing ceiling-to-floor depth (thus, building’s height), which has a great economic impact. Moreover, the complex localised and global failures characterizing those members have led several scientists to focus their research on the development of more efficient design guidelines. This paper aims to propose an artificial neural network (ANN)-based formula to estimate the critical elastic buckling load of simply supported cellular beams under uniformly distributed vertical loads. The 3645-point dataset used in ANN design was obtained from an extensive parametric finite element analysis performed in ABAQUS. The independent variables adopted as ANN inputs are the following: beam’s length, opening diameter, web-post width, cross-section height, web thickness, flange width, flange thickness, and the distance between the last opening edge and the end support. The proposed model shows a strong potential as an effective design tool. The maximum and average relative errors among the 3645 data points were found to be 3.7% and 0.4%, respectively, whereas the average computing time per data point is smaller than a millisecond for any current personal computer.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[930] viXra:1909.0345 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-16 14:50:21

Neural Network-Based Analytical Model to Predict the Shear Strength of Steel Girders with a Trapezoidal Corrugated Web

Authors: M. Abambres, J. He
Comments: 31 Pages.

Corrugated webs are used to increase the shear stability of steel webs of beam-like members and to eliminate the need of transverse stiffeners. Previously developed formulas for predicting the shear strength of trapezoidal corrugated steel webs, along with the corresponding theory, are summarized. An artificial neural network (ANN)-based model is proposed to estimate the shear strength of steel girders with a trapezoidal corrugated web, and under a concentrated load. 210 test results from previous published research were collected into a database according to relevant test specimen parameters in order to feed the simulated ANNs. Seven (geometrical and material) parameters were identified as input variables and the ultimate shear stress at failure was considered the output variable. The proposed ANN-based analytical model yielded maximum and mean relative errors of 0.0% for the 210 points from the database. Moreover, still based on those points, it was illustrated that the ANN-based model clearly outperforms the other existing analytical models, which yield mean errors larger than 13%.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[929] viXra:1909.0344 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-16 14:52:25

Shear Capacity of Headed Studs in Steel-Concrete Structures: Analytical Prediction via Soft Computing

Authors: M. Abambres, J. He
Comments: 29 Pages.

Headed studs are commonly used as shear connectors to transfer longitudinal shear force at the interface between steel and concrete in composite structures (e.g., bridge decks). Code-based equations for predicting the shear capacity of headed studs are summarized. An artificial neural network (ANN)-based analytical model is proposed to estimate the shear capacity of headed steel studs. 234 push-out test results from previous published research were collected into a database in order to feed the simulated ANNs. Three parameters were identified as input variables for the prediction of the headed stud shear force at failure, namely the steel stud tensile strength and diameter, and the concrete (cylinder) compressive strength. The proposed ANN-based analytical model yielded, for all collected data, maximum and mean relative errors of 3.3 % and 0.6 %, respectively. Moreover, it was illustrated that, for that data, the neural network approach clearly outperforms the existing code-based equations, which yield mean errors greater than 13 %.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[928] viXra:1909.0341 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-16 15:57:28

Neural Network-Based Formula for Shear Capacity Prediction of One-Way Slabs Under Concentrated Loads

Authors: M. Abambres, E. Lantsoght
Comments: 33 Pages.

According to the current codes and guidelines, shear assessment of existing reinforced concrete slab bridges sometimes leads to the conclusion that the bridge under consideration has insufficient shear capacity. The calculated shear capacity, however, does not consider the transverse redistribution capacity of slabs, thus leading to overconservative values. This paper proposes an artificial neural network (ANN)-based formula to come up with estimates of the shear capacity of one-way reinforced concrete slabs under a concentrated load, based on 287 test results gathered from the literature. The proposed model yields maximum and mean relative errors of 0.0% for the 287 data points. Moreover, it was illustrated to clearly outperform (mean Vtest / VANN =1.00) the Eurocode 2 provisions (mean VE,EC / VR,c =1.59) for that dataset. A step-by-step assessment scheme for reinforced concrete slab bridges by means of the ANN-based model is also proposed, which results in an improvement of the current assessment procedures.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[927] viXra:1909.0340 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-16 16:20:40

Potential of Neural Networks for Maximum Displacement Predictions in Railway Beams on Frictionally Damped Foundations

Authors: M. Abambres, R. Corrêa, A. Pinto da Costa, F. Simões
Comments: 63 Pages.

Since the use of finite element (FE) simulations for the dynamic analysis of railway beams on frictionally damped foundations are (i) very time consuming, and (ii) require advanced know-how and software that go beyond the available resources of typical civil engineering firms, this paper aims to demonstrate the potential of Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) to effectively predict the maximum displacements and the critical velocity in railway beams under moving loads. Four ANN-based models are proposed, one per load velocity range ([50, 175] ∪ [250, 300] m/s; ]175, 250[ m/s) and per displacement type (upward or downward). Each model is function of two independent variables, a frictional parameter and the load velocity. Among all models and the 663 data points used, a maximum error of 5.4 % was obtained when comparing the ANN- and FE-based solutions. Whereas the latter involves an average computing time per data point of thousands of seconds, the former does not even need a millisecond. This study was an important step towards the development of more versatile (i.e., including other types of input variables) ANN-based models for the same type of problem.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[926] viXra:1909.0322 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-15 15:35:05

The Complexity of NonSwapClique

Authors: Anisse Ismaili
Comments: 1 Page.

Problem NonSwapClique: Given an undirected graph $G=(V,E)$, does it contain a clique $S\subseteq V$ of size $k$, such that you cannot obtain another clique of the same size by swapping a pair of vertices? In this note, I settle the complexity of this problem as NP-complete, by a reduction from problem \textsc{1-in-3-SAT}.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[925] viXra:1909.0317 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-15 20:50:43

Potential of Neural Networks for Structural Damage Localization

Authors: M. Abambres, M. Marcy, G. Doz
Comments: Pages.

Fabrication technology and structural engineering states-of-art have led to a growing use of slender structures, making them more susceptible to static and dynamic actions that may lead to some sort of damage. In this context, regular inspections and evaluations are necessary to detect and predict structural damage and establish maintenance actions able to guarantee structural safety and durability with minimal cost. However, these procedures are traditionally quite time-consuming and costly, and techniques allowing a more effective damage detection are necessary. This paper assesses the potential of Artificial Neural Network (ANN) models in the prediction of damage localization in structural members, as function of their dynamic properties – the three first natural frequencies are used. Based on 64 numerical examples from damaged (mostly) and undamaged steel channel beams, an ANN-based analytical model is proposed as a highly accurate and efficient damage localization estimator. The proposed model yielded maximum errors of 0.2 and 0.7 % concerning 64 numerical and 3 experimental data points, respectively. Due to the high-quality of results, authors’ next step is the application of similar approaches to entire structures, based on much larger datasets.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[924] viXra:1909.0316 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-15 21:46:04

An Interesting Novel Insight into the [ Ocaml+Theorem Prover+AI/ML+Java+Prolog+BaseX-XML DB/ Mongo DB Systems+Imaging Mathematics-Linear Algebra ] to Probe Radiation Oncology Informatics +BIG DATA.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 5 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

An Interesting Novel Insight into the [Ocaml+Theorem Prover+AI/ML+Java+Prolog+BaseX-XML DB/Mongo DB Systems+Imaging Mathematics-Linear Algebra ] to Probe Radiation Oncology Informatics+BIG DATA.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[923] viXra:1909.0268 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-12 11:49:08

Machine Learning Rewilding

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

There may not be an obvious connection between rewilding and machine learning, but as highlighted today at ESA's ɸ-week, a project in the Netherlands uses satellite data and new digital technology to understand how a nature reserve responds to the pressure of being grazed by herbivores. [22] At the University of South Florida, researchers are integrating machine learning techniques into their work studying proteins. [21] Bioinformatics professors Anthony Gitter and Casey Greene set out in summer 2016 to write a paper about biomedical applications for deep learning, a hot new artificial intelligence field striving to mimic the neural networks of the human brain. [20] A team of researchers from the University of Muenster in Germany has now demonstrated that this combination is extremely well suited to planning chemical syntheses-so-called retrosyntheses-with unprecedented efficiency. [19] Two physicists at ETH Zurich and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have developed a novel machine-learning algorithm that analyses large data sets describing a physical system and extract from them the essential information needed to understand the underlying physics. [18]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[922] viXra:1909.0262 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-13 03:41:15

[ Haxe+mlxo-Haxe ML Library/dlib in C++/clips C Language/cocoalib-C++ ] Based ux Design for the Iot/hpc-High Performance Computing Heterogeneous Medical Informatics R&D Frameworks – an Insight Into the World of Novel ux Designs.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 4 Pages. Short Communication

[ Haxe+MLXO-Haxe ML Library/dlib in C++/CLIPS- C Language/CocoALIB-C++ ]based UX design for the IoT/HPC-High Performance Computing Heterogeneous Medical Informatics R&D Frameworks – An Insight into the World of Novel UX Designs. [ Exploring C/C++/Ocaml/HAXE+ML AI/ML/Grobner Bases based Advanced Medical Informatics + Healthcare ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[921] viXra:1909.0236 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 22:00:18

Multimedia Informatics R&D in the Context of [ Haxe+imageai+qrng Lib-Python ] Towards [ Ai/ml/iot/hpc ] Heterogeneous Environment/s

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Short Communication

Multimedia Informatics R&D in the Context of [ HAXE+IMAGEAI+qrng lib-python ] towards [ AI/ML/IoT/HPC ]Heterogeneous Environment/s – An Interesting Insight into [ Imaging Mathematics+Hardware Mathematics ] based Algorithms Using [ Ocaml/Owl/Haxe/Python ] Languages. [ Exploring – Next Generation Radiation Oncology Informatics Framework Using the Above Mentioned Tools ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[920] viXra:1909.0170 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-09 01:48:19

[ Ironruby+.netsdk/linux/mruby Qrng Library/clips .net Expert Systems Software/clips ] Framework for Medical Image Processing

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Short Communication

[ IronRuby+.NETSDK/Linux/mruby qrng library/CLIPS .NET Expert Systems Software/CLIPS ] Framework in the Context of Designing Next Generation Medical Image Processing Heterogeneous Software and Monitoring Using [ QRNGService/QRNG-Device ] based on Machine Learning Concepts – An Important but Simple R&D Suggestion for [ IoT/HPC ] Image Processing Software Architecture Implementation.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[919] viXra:1909.0163 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-07 07:13:12

AI Predict Hybrid Nanoparticle Structure

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

Researchers at the Nanoscience Center and Faculty of Information Technology in the University of Jyväskylä, Finland, have achieved a significant step forward in predicting atomic structures of hybrid nanoparticles. [32] Using machine-learning and an integrated photonic chip, researchers from INRS (Canada) and the University of Sussex (UK) can now customize the properties of broadband light sources. [31] A team of EPFL scientists has now written a machine-learning program that can predict, in record time, how atoms will respond to an applied magnetic field. [30] Researchers from the University of Luxembourg, Technische Universität Berlin, and the Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society have combined machine learning and quantum mechanics to predict the dynamics and atomic interactions in molecules. [29]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[918] viXra:1909.0156 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-07 10:56:48

Promoting 3D Printing of Food with Robotic Butlers and Delivery LandBots.

Authors: Bheemaiah, Anil Kumar.
Comments: 4 Pages.

Abstract This paper describes the design of the robotic kitchen of Mutter Gottlich, a non-profit nature spirituality organization. The kitchen is designed as an open space architecture under the Banyan Canopy[1](“Website” n.d.). The use of 3D printers for the production of pancakes, pancake pizzas, Dosas, Dosa Pizzas, vegetable, and vegan meat substrates and chocolate and cakes is described. Robots, namely the Loomo and the R1D2 are mentioned. The detailed design of these robots is mentioned elsewhere. These robots are fully automated to run the facility. The facility along with a spiritual sculpture garden, succulent garden for meditation and a sacred tree for worship and a sacred fireplace, provide for an open-air church/temple. The facility serves as a meeting place for aspirants to meet to compose and sing music and group meditate. It unifies diverse cultures, promotes ecological sustainability and serves as a food pantry for low-income families serving the Freemium business model. Keywords: Robotics, Automation, 3D printing, Food Printers.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[917] viXra:1909.0140 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-06 08:58:53

Deep Learning Statistical Physics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

A team of scientists at Freie Universität Berlin has developed an Artificial Intelligence (AI) method that provides a fundamentally new solution of the "sampling problem" in statistical physics. [27] Deep learning, which uses multi-layered artificial neural networks, is a form of machine learning that has demonstrated significant advances in many fields, including natural language processing, image/video labeling and captioning. [26]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[916] viXra:1909.0133 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-06 14:16:06

Intentional Economy

Authors: Bheemaiah, Anil Kumar
Comments: 10 Pages.

The Intentional Economy is defined as an alternative lifestyle based economy that is essentially circular axiomatically. It has a coherence defined by sustainability, conservation of natural genome, spirituality and a common philosophy. This paper is on the definition and the status of the Intentional Economy, and a proof that Intentional Living is the way to World Peace. We define a Lean inspired system called Lean A.I derived from the Referendum formulation of e Governance based on the design of the Skynet, an A.I and data mining based network and the Lean inspire ‘Vahi ka Vahi’(VKV) model, that calls for open and pro global designs, and local manufacturing by 3D printing that is sustainable. As an example of the VKV model, we consider the case study of printing 3D printers using 3D printers or the Y lambda operator metaphor. Keywords: Intention Economy, Intentional Economy, Additive Printing, Cloud Computing, Robotics, RPA, DPA, Flex-Rules, Lean Management , Lean Manufacturing, Vahi Ka Vahi,
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[915] viXra:1909.0119 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-07 05:37:02

An Interesting+promising Suggestion Based on [clips/psyclone ] Related ai Frameworks & Their [ Extension + Interfacing ] with Ruby-LLVM Software in the Context of Iot/hpc Heterogeneous Image Processing Environment/s Let us Happily Explore Ruby Language

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication

An Interesting+Promising Suggestion based on [CLIPS/Psyclone ] related AI Frameworks & their [ Extension +Interfacing ] with Ruby-LLVM Software in the Context of IoT/HPC Heterogeneous Image Processing Environment/s - Let us Happily Explore Ruby Language towards Designing Advanced Expert Systems for Multi-disciplinary R&D involving Next Generation Smart Devices [ Hardware/Software/Firmware ]. [ C/C++/Ruby/LLVM based AI Revolution Advanced Medical Image Processing ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[914] viXra:1909.0104 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-05 17:17:15

The Algorithmic Audit: Working with Vendors to Validate Radiology-AI Algorithms - How We Do It

Authors: Vidur Mahajan, Vasanthakumar Venugopal, Saumya Gaur, Salil Gupta, Murali Murugavel, Harsh Mahajan
Comments: 7 Pages.

There is a plethora of Artificial Intelligence (AI) tools that are being developed around the world aiming at either speeding up or improving the accuracy of radiologists. It is essential for radiologists to work with the developers of such algorithms to determine true clinical utility and risks associated with these algorithms. We present a framework, called an Algorithmic Audit, for working with the developers of such algorithms to test and improve the performance of the algorithms. The framework includes concepts of true independent validation on data that the algorithm has not seen before, curating datasets for such testing, deep examination of false positives and false negatives (to examine implications of such errors) and real-world deployment and testing of algorithms.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[913] viXra:1909.0102 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-05 23:03:28

[ ImageJ/Fiji/Java/JikesRVM-Research Virtual Machine/HoloJ/Jython/Python/Z3Py-Theorem Prover/QRNG Device/qrng-pylib/Machine Learning] as Holography based Image Processing & Informatics Platform in the Context of Medical Image Processing

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication

[ ImageJ/Fiji/Java/JikesRVM-Research Virtual Machine/HoloJ/Jython/Python/Z3Py-Theorem Prover/QRNG Device/qrng-pylib/Machine Learning] as Holography based Image Processing & Informatics Platform in the Context of Medical Image Processing/cryo-EM Image Processing R&D. An Interesting Short Communication & Simple Technical Point of View by Prototyping Some Image Processing Algorithms.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[912] viXra:1909.0100 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-06 00:09:05

Multi-Dimensional Asset Allocation Strategy with DA-RNN

Authors: Tae Young Lee
Comments: 7 Pages. Draft Paper

Most RoboAdvisors reflect the perspective of investment banks, which differs from commercial banks in Korea. Most customers who use commercial banks have a conservative approach. In customer-focused thinking, the more you design your Robo Advisor, the more important it is to minimize customer losses. It was designed with the belief that the guarantee of principal through defense of the bear market would be a solid foundation to be returned to profits from the bear market. The traditional asset allocation model is dedicated to simple predictions that take risk as a parameter of volatility and draw the expected return to calculate the optimal share of the asset. This is not a big problem when the market is good, but it's going to cause a loss of the customer's principal in a booming market. This is not in line with the bank's robovisor idea, and we have created deep learning algorithms to defend against the bear market.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[911] viXra:1909.0088 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-04 09:19:01

Trimmed Neural Networks

Authors: Mastane Achab, Massil Achab
Comments: 3 Pages.

We introduce a new type of artificial neural network (ANN): the trimmed neural network (TNN) model. As most ANNs, a TNN is an alternating sequence of linear and nonlinear vectorial operators. Recall that in usual ANN models, nonlinear functions are independently applied on each entry of each layer. In contrast, we design TNNs’ nonlinearities as functions of the whole layer: indeed, they are based on sorting all the layer’s entries. In particular, we focus on the trimming operation which consists in summing all entries but a certain fraction of the smallest/largest ones. We show that TNNs enjoy convexity properties useful in various statistical learning contexts.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[910] viXra:1909.0074 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-03 07:24:43

Deep Reinforcement Learning for Visual Question Answering

Authors: Ayoub Abraich
Comments: 131 Pages.

La conception de bout en bout des systèmes de dialogue est récemment devenue un sujet de recherche populaire grâce à des outils puissants tels que des architectures codeur-décodeur pour l'apprentissage séquence à séquence. Pourtant, la plupart des approches actuelles considèrent la gestion du dialogue homme-machine comme un problème d’apprentissage supervisé, visant à prédire la prochaine déclaration d’un participant, compte tenu de l’historique complet du dialogue. Cette vision est aussi simpliste pour rendre le problème de planification intrinsèque inhérent au dialogue ainsi que sa nature enracinée, rendant le contexte d'un dialogue plus vaste que seulement l'historique. C’est la raison pour laquelle seules les tâches de bavardage et de réponse aux questions ont été traitées jusqu’à présent en utilisant des architectures de bout en bout. Dans ce rapport, nous présentons une méthode d’apprentissage par renforcement profond permettant d’optimiser les dialogues axés sur les tâches, basés sur l’algorithme policy gradient. Cette approche est testée sur un ensemble de données de 120 000 dialogues collectés via Mechanical Turk et fournit des résultats encourageants pour résoudre à la fois le problème de la génération de dialogues naturels et la tâche de découvrir un objet spécifique dans une image complexe.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[909] viXra:1909.0061 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-03 20:56:00

Improved Multi-Domain Image-to-Image Translation GAN

Authors: Jeongik Cho
Comments: 7 Pages.

StarGAN has shown excellent performance in image-to-image translation using adversarial, reconstruction, and classification losses in multi-domain image-to-image translation. The Style-Based Generator Architecture boosts generator performance through the Embedder and AdaIn modules. I propose here an attribute loss, which is like having multiple GANs, which is enhanced by combining StarGAN's conditional GAN loss (adversarial loss and classification loss) to improve learning speed. And suggest the new generator architecture, whose name is bi-directional progressive growing Style-Based U-Net generator, to improve learning speed.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[908] viXra:1909.0034 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-02 23:07:02

A Short Communication & Technical Notes on - Developing Novel Image Processing Algorithms Using - [ MarvinJ+JSON+IMAGEAI+Z3 API in Python(Theorem Prover)] in the Context of Next Generation Medical Image Processing Software/Cryo-EM Image Processing

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication & Simple Suggestion

A Short Communication & Technical Notes on - Developing Novel Image Processing Algorithms Using - [ MarvinJ+JSON+IMAGEAI+Z3 API in Python(Theorem Prover)] in the Context of Next Generation Medical Image Processing Software/Cryo-EM Image Processing Software Architecture R&D for [ AI/IoT/HPC/Mobile Systems ] Heterogeneous Environment/s
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[907] viXra:1909.0009 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-01 03:15:45

Interesting R&D Investigations Using Java Script(js) Language & Its Related Software/ai & ML Libraries in the Context of Advanced Medical Image Processing/electron Microscopy Image Processing Informatics Frameworks Based on Ai/ml/dl/iot/hpc

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 6 Pages. Short Technical Notes & Simple Suggestion

Interesting R&D Investigations Using Java Script(JS) Language & its related Software/AI & ML Libraries in the Context of Advanced Medical Image Processing/Electron Microscopy Image Processing Informatics Frameworks based on AI/ML/DL/IoT/HPC Heterogeneous Environment/s – A Simple R&D Introduction. [ Exploring – C/C++/Ruby/LLVM/GCCS/Emscripten/SWIProlog/WASM/MarvinJ/OpenCVJS – for Image Processing ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[906] viXra:1908.0613 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-31 05:31:03

Evidence Universal Gravitation in Evidence Theory

Authors: Xiangjun Mi, Bingyi Kang
Comments: 20 Pages.

Since the introduction of the law of universal gravitation, it has been widely used in the field of natural sciences and theoretical exploration. In other disciplines, based on the law of universal gravitation, some scholars have proposed universal gravitation search algorithms, swarm intelligence optimization algorithms and fuzzy control. However, there is no research to apply the law of universal gravitation to the field of evidence theory. In this paper, we present for the first time the concept of evidence universal gravitation. In the evidence universal gravitation formula we define the evidence gravitation parameter and the evidence quality generation algorithm. The evidence universal gravitation formula satisfies some basic properties. This paper gives some numerical examples to further illustrate the significance of the gravitational evidence. In addition, because conflict management is an open question, the measurement of conflict has not been reasonably resolved. In this paper, we apply the evidence universal gravitation to conflict processing, and illustrate its wide applicability through the comparison of numerical examples.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[905] viXra:1908.0604 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-29 15:15:21

Singularity#1, Machine Evolution, Taskoids and Mfa II

Authors: Bheemaiah, Anil Kumar
Comments: 7 Pages.

The Dog-Ears formal system (Bheemaiah, n.d.) is extended with MFA II architecture for the definition of Taskoids, needing adaptable designs and additive printing. We present a formal system to apply the formulation to illustrate Singularity#1 as an MFA II, application. The concept of Singularity and Singularity#1 and the MFA II design philosophy is explained, with an abstract photographic art. Keywords: Dog-Ears, Taskoids, Singularity, Singularity#1, Robotics, Conversational UI, additive printing.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[904] viXra:1908.0599 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-30 01:52:08

Neural Network for Deep Learning

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

Recent advances in optical neural networks, however, are closing that gap by simulating the way neurons respond in the human brain. [28] An international team of scientists from Eindhoven University of Technology, University of Texas at Austin, and University of Derby, has developed a revolutionary method that quadratically accelerates artificial intelligence (AI) training algorithms. [27] Predictions for an AI-dominated future are increasingly common, but Antoine Blondeau has experience in reading, and arguably manipulating, the runes-he helped develop technology that evolved into predictive texting and Apple's Siri. [26] Artificial intelligence can improve health care by analyzing data from apps, smartphones and wearable technology. [25] Now, researchers at Google's DeepMind have developed a simple algorithm to handle such reasoning-and it has already beaten humans at a complex image comprehension test. [24] A marimba-playing robot with four arms and eight sticks is writing and playing its own compositions in a lab at the Georgia Institute of Technology. The pieces are generated using artificial intelligence and deep learning. [23] Now, a team of researchers at MIT and elsewhere has developed a new approach to such computations, using light instead of electricity, which they say could vastly improve the speed and efficiency of certain deep learning computations. [22] Physicists have found that the structure of certain types of quantum learning algorithms is very similar to their classical counterparts-a finding that will help scientists further develop the quantum versions. [21] We should remain optimistic that quantum computing and AI will continue to improve our lives, but we also should continue to hold companies, organizations, and governments accountable for how our private data is used, as well as the technology's impact on the environment. [20] It's man vs machine this week as Google's artificial intelligence programme AlphaGo faces the world's top-ranked Go player in a contest expected to end in another victory for rapid advances in AI. [19] Google's computer programs are gaining a better understanding of the world, and now it wants them to handle more of the decision-making for the billions of people who use its services. [18]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[903] viXra:1908.0598 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-30 02:06:30

[ Rpython+python+qrng-Rlib/qrng/qrng Devices/imageai] Interaction in the Context of Python Based Ising Model Graphs a Simple Suggestion & General Informatics Framework Towards Design+implementation of Iot/hpc Heterogeneous Environment/s.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 4 Pages. Short Communication & Simple Suggestion

[ rPython+Python+qrng-rlib/QRNG/QRNG Devices/IMAGEAI] Interaction in the Context of Python based Ising Model Graphs - A Simple Suggestion & General Informatics Framework Towards Design+Implementation of IoT/HPC Heterogeneous Environment/s. [ Exploring Large Scale Ising Model Graphs Using (Python+R) Languages for Complex Image Processing & Informatics ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[902] viXra:1908.0590 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-28 07:16:52

AI Track Birds' Dark-of-night Migrations

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

On many evenings during spring and fall migration, tens of millions of birds take flight at sunset and pass over our heads, unseen in the night sky. [28] Researchers aboard Schmidt Ocean Institute's research vessel Falkor used autonomous underwater robots, along with the Institute's remotely operated vehicle (ROV) SuBastian, to acquire 1.3 million high resolution images of the seafloor at Hydrate Ridge, composing them into the largest known high resolution color 3D model of the seafloor. [27] Now, a team of A*STAR researchers and colleagues has developed a detector that can successfully pick out where human actions will occur in videos, in almost real-time. [26] A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Germany and the U.S. has developed a deep learning algorithm that can be used for motion capture of animals of any kind. [25] In 2016, when we inaugurated our new IBM Research lab in Johannesburg, we took on this challenge and are reporting our first promising results at Health Day at the KDD Data Science Conference in London this month. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning-a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data-with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[901] viXra:1908.0578 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-28 10:30:54

AI Learns our Universe Model

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 22 Pages.

Researchers have successfully created a model of the Universe using artificial intelligence, reports a new study. [9] A deep-learning system that can sift gravitational wave signals from background noise has been created by physicists in the UK. [8] Using data from the first-ever gravitational waves detected last year, along with a theoretical analysis, physicists have shown that gravitational waves may oscillate between two different forms called "g" and "f"-type gravitational waves. [7]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[900] viXra:1908.0576 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-28 11:32:02

Smarter Experiments Discovery

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 26 Pages.

A team of scientists from the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory designed, created, and successfully tested a new algorithm to make smarter scientific measurement decisions. [10] Researchers have successfully created a model of the Universe using artificial intelligence, reports a new study. [9] A deep-learning system that can sift gravitational wave signals from background noise has been created by physicists in the UK. [8]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[899] viXra:1908.0573 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-28 23:02:20

Medical Images Registration Concepts in the Context of Following Software Involving [ Simpleelastix+imageai ] for Iot/hpc Heterogeneous Environment/s – an Interesting Investigation Using Ai+python.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Technical Notes

Medical Images Registration Concepts in the Context of Following Software involving [ SimpleElastix+IMAGEAI ] for IoT/HPC Heterogeneous Environment/s – An Interesting Investigation Using AI+Python. [ Exploring Simple Elastix : Medical Image Registration Library + ImageAI -Python based AI Library ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[898] viXra:1908.0552 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-28 03:22:22

Machine Learning Eye Imaging

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

"We believe that with further advances such as OCRT, the high impact of this technology may be extended not only to additional ophthalmic diagnostics, but to imaging of pathologies in tissues accessible by endoscopes, catheters, and bronchoscopes throughout the body." [27] Working with researchers from Arizona State University, the team's new mathematical method is able to identify anomalies or bugs in the system before the car hits the road. [26] A research team at The University of Tokyo has developed a powerful machine learning algorithm that predicts the properties and structures of unknown samples from an electron spectrum. [25]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[897] viXra:1908.0495 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-24 14:10:03

Use of Aws Lex in a Taskoid Based Non-Animated Assisted Teaching System.

Authors: Bheemaiah, Anil Kumar
Comments: 4 Pages.

Abstract: A formal formulation of the Task and work quantification system of Taskoids for A.I assisted in teaching using AWS Sumerian and Lex. We define the taskoids TAv1.0 and TAv2.0, the 2.0 version being animated. Taskoids are viewed as intention machine evolution with an EdTech framework for work-study based MOOC courses to assist in machine evolution and SaaS-based automation. Keywords: AWS Sumerian, Lex, Taskoid, ppt presentations, document storage, AWS s3, intents, AWS Lambda, Automation of Teaching. What: We define a Taskoid for a SaaS-based design of two versions of a Teaching Assistant with a conversational UI to a slide-based talk and a question and answer session. We define a formal framework for the Taskoid definition. How: The formal system is defined in a symbolic algebraic and DOM format with an axiomatic proof. The code is implemented in python using AWS CLI and Lex JSON objects. Why: The increased need for classroom and online education has led to scalability concerns and cost of education, addressed by the automation of teaching especially in the graduate curriculum in the Udacity learning model, of automated slide talks and QnA sessions. Automated grading has already been incorporated in the Udacity Model. Thus graduate MOOC courses can easily be assembled just in time using the slide presentations, QnA service and suggested readings with automated grading and feedback software. So What: The promise of free graduate education and work-study positions to move the graduate student community beyond the low-income status is finally possible within the Udacity Learning Model. Automated components with Taskoids enable easier formulation of MOOC content and presentation, and low code blueprints called Taskoids, allow for production coding in course work, allowing work-study positions of true resource usage at 40 hours per week, allowing for compensation on par with the industry internships. Hence implementing True EdTech models.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[896] viXra:1908.0478 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-24 01:49:53

Exploring IMAGEAI/Quantum Mechanics/IoT/HPC Heterogeneous Computing Environments based on LLVM based Optimized Python to Probe Novel Designs of DICOM+Medical Image Processing R&D Applications.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 5 Pages. [ LLVM based Optimized Python for Scientific Computing in the Context of Medical Image Processing ]

An Interesting Suggestion involved in Probing & Construction of an LLVM based Specializer in the Context of Medical Image Processing R&D Using [ LLVM Compiler Tool Kit + (Python-LLVM) Specializer + (qrng-Python) Library +(IMAGEAI-Python) AI Image Processing Library ] towards Design & Development of a Novel DICOM Medical Image Processing Informatics Software Framework.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[895] viXra:1908.0450 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-21 11:24:58

Mapillary Based Plant Distributions of Ethnobotanical Afforestation.

Authors: Bheemaiah, Anil Kumar
Comments: 6 Pages.

Abstract: Mapillary is an open-source code base for the use of GPU based Deep Learning for Semantic Segmentation of wild images. We propose the creation of an autonomous drone for the automated capture of scientific images of medicinal and edible plants to create geotagged maps of plants on Mapillary.com with additional tags on plant sizes, species, and edible and medicinal value. This information is used in the planning of sponsored five or more level afforestation as social and academic forestry for edible and medicinal value. The same research is also useful in planning afforestation on Mars. Keywords: Miyawakis, Mapillary, Seamless Segmentation, FPN, ResNet50, Redtail, Edible and Medicinal Plants, Geotag
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[894] viXra:1908.0422 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 20:07:39

Replication of the Keyword Extraction Part of the Paper "Without the Clutter of Unimportant Words": Descriptive Keyphrases for Text Visualization

Authors: Shibamouli Lahiri
Comments: 36 Pages.

"Keyword Extraction" refers to the task of automatically identifying the most relevant and informative phrases in natural language text. As we are deluged with large amounts of text data in many different forms and content - emails, blogs, tweets, Facebook posts, academic papers, news articles - the task of "making sense" of all this text by somehow summarizing them into a coherent structure assumes paramount importance. Keyword extraction - a well-established problem in Natural Language Processing - can help us here. In this report, we construct and test three different hypotheses (all related to the task of keyword extraction) that take us one step closer to understanding how to meaningfully identify and extract "descriptive" keyphrases. The work reported here was done as part of replicating the study by Chuang et al. [3].
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[893] viXra:1908.0356 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-18 05:47:47

[ IMAGEAI/IoT/HPC/Hardware/Software/Firmware ] based Novel Design of Next Generation Hybrid Heterogeneous Medical Imaging Platforms R&D Using Theorem Provers like Z3Py - A Short Technical Notes & Simple Suggestion.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 5 Pages. Short Communication & Simple Suggestion

It was proposed and we are presenting an Interesting Informatics Platform based on [ IMAGEAI-Python AI Library + Python Theorem Prover/s ( like Z3Py : the Z3 API in Python)] in the Context of[ Image J/Fiji/Bone J/Java Virtual Machine )/JikesRVM - Research Virtual Machine/GCSpy Tool/Compiler DNA Techniques ] Using Imaging Mathematics+Hardware Mathematics w.r.t [ Java/Jython/Python ] involving Challenges of Advanced Medical Image Processing. A simple approach is shown as a block diagram below for further investigations and to inspire our readers to come up with more rigorous approaches in the near future.Not all details are presented in this communication.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[892] viXra:1908.0349 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 15:02:52

Social Intelligence in the Design of Conversational Ui.

Authors: Bheemaiah, Anil Kumar, Monitor-Tabby
Comments: 9 Pages.

Abstract This publication is a mathematical model of social intelligence and knowledge management in chat conversational UIs. The paper defines one model of social intelligence as defined in the design of machine learning for conversational UIs, and explores the use of this intelligence in conversational UI training and knowledge inheritance. A case study of Botlibre conversational UIs, which we use in our healthcare and education research is presented. A study of Botlibre’s knowledge inheritance and the expansion to social intelligence like Facebook Messenger is presented. Keywords: SNA, Social Intelligence, Emotional Intelligence, Conversational UI
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[891] viXra:1908.0328 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-15 19:31:18

The Carcass

Authors: Bheemaiah, Anil Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages.

Abstract: The story of the carcass, a dead shell of an automobile discovered by future humanity in a desert-like Mojave, where they reconstruct a history of living metal bodies automobiles as the residents of this planet. We propose a method to bring to life this carcass with electric hub wheels and autopilot systems and consider the creation of Wall-E inspired LandBots, all for afforestation and many other task automation after the discovery of one living plant. Maybe Earth is habitable again? Keywords: LandBots, Wall-E, Humour, ELectric Wheels, Singularity#1, Taskoids
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[890] viXra:1908.0304 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 12:52:37

Artificial Intelligence Detect Atrial Fibrillation

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Researchers in the US have developed a rapid, artificial intelligence (AI)-based test that can identify patients with an abnormal heart rhythm, even when it appears normal. [28] Ever since the late 19th century, physicists have known about a counterintuitive property of some electric circuits called negative resistance. [27] Scientists from EPFL's Institute of Bioengineering have discovered that the circadian clock and the cell-cycle are, in fact, synchronized. [26] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have identified a molecular switch that causes immune cells called macrophages to clean up cellular debris caused by infections instead of contributing to inflammation and tissue injury. [25]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[889] viXra:1908.0301 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 22:38:17

An Insight Into Random Numbers & Applications in the Context of Signal Processing Using [ Imageai +python+qrng Libraries ] – a Simple Technical Note & Suggestion on Using QRNG Services/qrng Related Devices Towards Heterogeneous [ Iot/hpc] Image Processing

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication & Simple Suggestion

An Insight into Random Numbers & Applications in the Context of Signal Processing Using [ IMAGEAI +Python+qrng libraries ] – A Simple Technical Note & Suggestion on Using QRNG Services/QRNG Related Devices towards Heterogeneous [ IoT/HPC] Image Processing Software R&D. [ Exploring (QRNG+IMAGEAI) based R&D of Signal & Image Processing Software Using Python ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[888] viXra:1908.0298 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-15 04:05:07

The Roadmap to Artificial General Intelligence (Agi)

Authors: A. V. Grigorov
Comments: 3 Pages.

Intelligence involves language and linguistic reasoning; this makes it a phenomenon that is partly extrinsic to the brain, to the extent that language, as a system, is partly extrinsic to the brain. Consciousness and motivation/rewards (instincts/feelings) likely predate intelligence, from an evolutionary perspective, and ought to be treated separately. The following brief discussion on AI addresses those issues and proposes a plausible path to the development of AGI.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[887] viXra:1908.0297 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-15 05:17:31

Deep Caching for Agent-Based Analysis and Optimization

Authors: Rune Vestvik
Comments: 1 Page.

Agent-based modeling and simulation is a "bottomup" approach for system research, optimization and decision support. The method consist of mapping real world processes intoadigitaltwinmodel[1]andperformingrisk-freeexperiments on the digital twin before applying changes back into real world scenarios. The need for computation resources increases as models grow more detailed. This fact, combined with high stochasticity and the use of Monte Carlo simulations, slows down the processes of performing sensitivity analysis and model optimization. This paper introduces a method for caching agent-based simulations for increased performance and shorting of the feedback loop.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[886] viXra:1908.0195 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-10 10:56:12

Neural Networks for Carbon Nanotubes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 85 Pages.

Thin films made of carbon nanotubes hold a lot of promise for advanced optoelectronics, energy and medicine, however with their manufacturing process subject to close supervision and stringent standardization requirements, they are unlikely to become ubiquitous anytime soon. [46] The work will help to improve the sensitivity of detection for the PandaX-III neutrinoless double beta decay experiment, and deepen our knowledge of the nature of neutrinos. [45] The interactions of quarks and gluons are computed using lattice quantum chromodynamics (QCD)-a computer-friendly version of the mathematical framework that describes these strong-force interactions. [44] The building blocks of matter in our universe were formed in the first 10 microseconds of its existence, according to the currently accepted scientific picture. [43] In a recent experiment at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, plasma electrons in the paths of intense laser light pulses were almost instantly accelerated close to the speed of light. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning-all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40] The authors designed a mechanism based on the deployment of a transport barrier to confine the particles and prevent them from moving from one region of the accelerator to another. "There is strong experimental evidence that there is indeed some new physics lurking in the lepton sector," Dev said. [38]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[885] viXra:1908.0073 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-05 01:55:18

A Short Technical Note on ‘Promising Aspects’ of an Informatics Platform for Analysis of Raman Spectra with [ Julia Language + its DSP Libraries ] – An Introduction to Signal Processing Using [ Julia/IoT/HPC/MXNet-Machine Learning ]

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 1 Page. Short Communication

A Short Technical Note on ‘Promising Aspects’ of an Informatics Platform for Analysis of Raman Spectra with [ Julia Language + its DSP Libraries ] – An Introduction to Signal Processing Using [ Julia/IoT/HPC/MXNet-Machine Learning ] in the Context of Petascale Computing R&D.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[884] viXra:1908.0063 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-05 06:55:03

AI Detect Fast Radio Bursts

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

A Swinburne Ph.D. student has built an automated system that uses artificial intelligence (AI) to revolutionise our ability to detect and capture fast radio bursts (FRBs) in real-time. [26] Most discussions about artificial intelligence (AI) are characterised by hyperbole and hysteria. [25] The New York Times contacted IBM Research in late September asking for our help to use AI in a clever way to create art for the coming special section on AI. [24]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[883] viXra:1908.0059 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-04 03:32:53

Understanding [ Haskell/HLearn/HLearn-Algebra/Java/JikesRVM/JIProlog] in the Context of Future Bio-metrics Systems Research Domains with IoT-Devices/HPC Heterogeneous Environment/s – A Promising Insight

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication & Simple Suggestion

Understanding [ Haskell/HLearn/HLearn-Algebra/Java/JikesRVM/JIProlog] in the Context of Future Bio-metrics Systems Research Domains with IoT-Devices/HPC Heterogeneous Environment/s – A Promising Insight into Hi-End [ Haskell+Java ] based Intelligent Computational Aspects of Mobile Informatics involving [ AI/ML/DL ] based R&D of Cyber Attacks or Threats. [ An Investigation Using Haskell/Java/JikesRVM/JIProlog Software Related Concepts ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[882] viXra:1908.0041 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-02 14:33:06

The Basic Laws of Coded Information: from DNA to ai

Authors: Victor Paromov
Comments: 9 pages, 1 figure

The basic laws of coded information that differ from the basic laws of matter have been proposed, and classification of the three major types of "information processing machines" (IPMs) have been given. In addition, the main characteristics of the future Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) have been discussed.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[881] viXra:1908.0036 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-02 23:24:53

Cryo-Electron Microscopy(cryo-Em) Image Processing & Informatics Framework in the Context of [ Python/pixelcnn++/tensorflow(tf)/imagenet/imaging Mathematics ] Towards hi-End Electron Microscopy Imaging Software R&D – a Simple Introduction & Suggestion.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication & Simple Suggestion

Cryo-Electron Microscopy(cryo-EM) Image Processing & Informatics Framework in the Context of [ Python/PixelCNN++/TensorFlow(TF)/ImageNet/Imaging Mathematics ] towards Hi-End Electron Microscopy Imaging Software R&D – A Simple Introduction & Suggestion.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[880] viXra:1908.0012 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-02 01:17:29

[ Understanding + Investigation ] of ZF Theory Using Higher Order Logic(hol) Theorem Prover in Scala & Moving Forward with ‘Formalization’ of Ruby Language Based Interaction of ZF Theory in the Context of Interfacing [ Bosch-XDK Iot Device/qrng]

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 4 Pages. Short Communication & Simple Suggestion

[ Understanding + Investigation ] of ZF Theory Using Higher Order Logic(HOL) Theorem Prover in Scala & Moving Forward with ‘Formalization’ of Ruby Language based interaction of ZF Theory in the context of Interfacing [ Bosch-XDK IoT Device/QRNG/Quantum Device/HPC Environment/s ] towards Advanced Intelligent Telecom Systems R&D – A Simple R&D Informatics Framework Implementation based on [ HOL/Scala/Ruby/Deep Learning ] Concepts.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[879] viXra:1908.0006 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-02 06:29:28

Machine Learning Metal Compounds

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

"Machine learning will be super-useful in figuring out the important design parameters for a transition metal complex that will make each step in that process energetically favorable." [26] A research team at The University of Tokyo has developed a powerful machine learning algorithm that predicts the properties and structures of unknown samples from an electron spectrum. [25] Researchers have mathematically proven that a powerful classical machine learning algorithm should work on quantum computers. [24] Researchers at Oregon State University have used deep learning to decipher which ribonucleic acids have the potential to encode proteins. [23]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[878] viXra:1907.0605 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-30 22:19:29

[ Python Theorem Provers+apache-Mxnet+restricted Boltzmann Machine (Rbm)/boltzmann Machines +qrng/quantum Device] in the Context of Dna/rna Based Informatics & Bio-Chemical Sensing Networks – an Interesting R&D Insight Into the World of [ Dna/rna ]

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Short Communication & Simple Suggestion

[ Python Theorem Provers+Apache-MXNet+Restricted Boltzmann Machine (RBM)/Boltzmann Machines +QRNG/Quantum Device] in the Context of DNA/RNA based Informatics & Bio-Chemical Sensing Networks – An Interesting R&D insight into the World of [ DNA/RNA ] based Hybrid Machine Learning Informatics Framework/s.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[877] viXra:1907.0489 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-26 00:26:22

Taylor Series Prediction of Time Series Data with Error Propagated by Artificial Neural Network

Authors: B. Ravi Sankar, S. Alamelu Mangai, K. Alagarsamy, Ph D
Comments: 7 Pages.

Modeling and forecasting of a time series data is an integral part of the Data Mining. Sun spot numbers observed on the sun are a good candidate for a time series. A number of linear statistical models are discussed in this paper because Taylor series has similarity with an Auto Regressive model. A new algorithm based on Taylor series expansion and artificial neural network is presented. Based on Taylor series algorithm and ARIMA model, the Sunspot numbers are forecasted and compared
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[876] viXra:1907.0487 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-26 00:37:42

Hybrid ARIMA-HyFIS Model for Forecasting Univariate Time Series

Authors: B. Ravi Sankar, S. Alamelu Mangai, K. Alagarsamy, Ph D, Kasinathan Subramanian
Comments: 7 Pages.

In this paper, a novel hybrid model for fitting and forecasting a univariate time series is developed based on ARIMA and HyFIS models. The linear part is fitted using ARIMA model whereas the non-linear residual is fitted using HyFIS model. Clustering technique is used to determine the number of inputs and the membership functions of the HyFIS model. The hybrid model is applied to the wind speed data. The result is analyzed and compared on the basis of standalone ARIMA, standalone HyFIS and for the hybrid ARIMA-HyFIS model.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[875] viXra:1907.0474 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-24 09:18:57

AI's Current Hype and Hysteria

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

Most discussions about artificial intelligence (AI) are characterised by hyperbole and hysteria. [25] The New York Times contacted IBM Research in late September asking for our help to use AI in a clever way to create art for the coming special section on AI. [24] Granting human rights to a computer would degrade human dignity. [23] IBM researchers are developing a new computer architecture, better equipped to handle increased data loads from artificial intelligence. [22] A computer built to mimic the brain's neural networks produces similar results to that of the best brain-simulation supercomputer software currently used for neural-signaling research, finds a new study published in the open-access journal Frontiers in Neuroscience. [21]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[874] viXra:1907.0464 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-25 00:02:32

[ Genetic Algorithms+Bayesian Networks ] in the Context of Anticipatory Systems Using a Quantum Device/QRNG – An AI/ML/DL based [ Java/JikesRVM(RVM - Research Virtual Machine)/Java Virtual Machine(JVM)/BNJ/Jenetics/JI Prolog/jBNCSoftware ] Approach

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 1 Page. Short Communication & Simple Suggestion

[ Genetic Algorithms+Bayesian Networks ] in the Context of Anticipatory Systems Using a Quantum Device/QRNG – An AI/ML/DL based [ Java/JikesRVM(RVM - Research Virtual Machine)/Java Virtual Machine(JVM)/BNJ/Jenetics/JI Prolog/jBNC Software ] Approach in the IoT/HPC Heterogeneous Computational R&D Environments. [ Java based Artificial Intelligence in Electron Microscopy/Medicine/Bio-informatics ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[873] viXra:1907.0389 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-21 05:14:30

Machine Learning Polymers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

Reporting their findings in the open-access journal npj Computational Materials, the researchers show that their ML method, involving "transfer learning," enables the discovery of materials with desired properties even from an exceeding small data set. [26] The analysis of sensor data of machines, plants or buildings makes it possible to detect anomalous states early and thus to avoid further damage. [25] Physicists in the US have used machine learning to determine the phase diagram of a system of 12 idealized quantum particles to a higher precision than ever before. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning-a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data-with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[872] viXra:1907.0324 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 10:57:35

Artificial Intelligence Design Metamaterials

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

Metamaterials are artificial materials engineered to have properties not found in naturally occurring materials, and they are best known as materials for invisibility cloaks often featured in sci-fi novels or games. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning-a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data-with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[871] viXra:1907.0306 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-17 03:13:14

An Insight Into [ Random Numbers-QRNG-Ai/machine Learning Libraries/mruby/ruby/ruby-Machine Learning/jiprolog ] Interaction Within the Context of Telecom Hardware Configuration & Prevention of Cyber Threats.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication & Simple Suggestion

An Insight into [ Random Numbers-QRNG-AI/Machine Learning Libraries/mruby/Ruby/Ruby-Machine Learning/JIProlog ] interaction within the Context of Telecom Hardware Configuration & Prevention of Cyber Threats. [AI/ML/Randomness/Random Numbers & Challenging Applications in IT/Telecom Domains ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[870] viXra:1907.0239 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-14 09:45:59

Machine Learning Butterfly Wings

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

Researchers from the University of Pittsburgh's Swanson School of Engineering have created a nanostructure glass that takes inspiration from the wings of the glasswing butterfly to create a new type of glass that is not only very clear across a wide variety of wavelengths and angles, but is also antifogging. [28] Machine learning and automation technologies are gearing up to transform the radiation-therapy workflow while freeing specialist clinical and technical staff to dedicate more time to patient care. [27] Navid Borhani, a research-team member, says this machine learning approach is much simpler than other methods to reconstruct images passed through optical fibers, which require making a holographic measurement of the output. [26]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[869] viXra:1907.0208 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 18:16:07

Refutation of Intuitionistic Fuzzy Decision-Making in the Dempster-Shafer Structure

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

A pair of intuitionistic fuzzy values (IFVs) are compared and not tautologous, refuting the conjecture of the title and forming a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[868] viXra:1907.0201 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-13 04:22:30

Testing a Combination of [ AI/ML/IoT/HPC ] Heterogeneous Computing Concepts based on MXNet/Flux in the Context of Cryo-EM Image Processing & Informatics Using [ Julia+JNI+Java+(ImageJ/Fiji)+JikesRVM - Research Virtual Machine ] - A Simple Suggestion

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 5 Pages. Short Communication & Simple Suggestion

Testing a Combination of [ AI/ML/IoT/HPC ] Heterogeneous Computing Concepts based on MXNet/Flux in the Context of Cryo-EM Image Processing & Informatics Using [ Julia+JNI+Java+(ImageJ/Fiji)+JikesRVM - Research Virtual Machine ] - A Simple Suggestion towards Novel Design of Electron Microscopy(EM) Image Processing Frameworks for better [ Nano-Bio] Informatics R&D. [ Exploring EM Images With Julia +Java – an Interesting ML based Intelligent Approach ] [ Julia - “Walks like python. Runs like C.” ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[867] viXra:1907.0195 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-11 23:08:30

Understanding & Probing [ Orvil Perl Library+ai::mxnet Perl Interface to Mxnet Machine Learning Library ] in the Context of Bio-Chemical Information Systems Framework W.r.t R&D of Drug Design Aspects – an Interesting Insight Into Perl Interfacing Concep

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Short Communication & Simple Suggestion

Understanding & Probing [ Orvil Perl Library+AI::MXNet - Perl interface to MXNet Machine Learning Library ] in the Context of Bio-Chemical Information Systems Framework w.r.t R&D of Drug Design Aspects – An Interesting Insight into Perl Interfacing Concepts & Anticipatory Chemical Computing Paradigms. [ Understanding ‘Scaffold Hopping’ from Chemical Computing & ML View Point ] [ AI::MXNet - Perl interface to MXNet machine learning library ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[866] viXra:1907.0188 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 04:53:53

Nanophotonic Artificial Vision

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 54 Pages.

A simple, passive photonic structure made only of glass and air bubbles could perform artificial neural computing for applications in areas like facial recognition. [30] Most artificial intelligence (AI) systems try to replicate biological mechanisms and behaviors observed in nature. [29] "We basically combined advances in neural networks and machine-learning with quantum Monte Carlo tools," says Savona, referring to a large toolkit of computational methods that physicists use to study complex quantum systems. [28] As cosmologists and astrophysicists delve deeper into the darkest recesses of the universe, their need for increasingly powerful observational and computational tools has expanded exponentially. [27] Now, a team of scientists at MIT and elsewhere has developed a neural network, a form of artificial intelligence (AI), that can do much the same thing, at least to a limited extent: It can read scientific papersand render a plain-English summary in a sentence or two. [26] To address this gap in the existing literature, a team of researchers at SRI International has created a human-AI image guessing game inspired by the popular game 20 Questions (20Q), which can be used to evaluate the helpfulness of machine explanations. [25]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[865] viXra:1907.0182 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 07:47:56

A Novel Low Complexity Fast Response Time Fuzzy PID Controller for Antenna Adjusting Using Two Direct Current Motors

Authors: Vahid Rahmati, Amir Ghorbani
Comments: 8 Pages.

Objectives: A novel PID Controller (PIDC) for the purpose of adjusting an antenna in 360 degrees range by direct current (DC) motors using Fuzzy method is designed and simulated. Methods: For this, first, an accurate model for DC motor in simulations is developed- that can be replaced by any other dynamic, for e.g., a high power low speed motor, however, the response in this case will be different. The controller mentioned uses the Mamdani type in two working modes with 3 and 4 inputs setting the full control of two independent DC Motors (DCMs). Findings: Clearly, the modes with 3 and 4 inputs occupy 27 and 81 commands respectively to have smooth overshoot and under shoot responses. Some of the parameters are acquired experimentally that can be modified for various applications, although these values are also remarked for the possible re-simulation by the readers. Application: However the PIDCs have many applications in industry, the main application of our PIDC is intended for radar systems where the antenna needs to quickly rotate in order to accurately receive the reflections from certain paths.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[864] viXra:1907.0179 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 09:06:31

Intuitionistic Fuzzy Decision-Making in the Framework of Dempster-Shafer Structures

Authors: Liguo Fei
Comments: 15 Pages.

The main emphasis of this paper is placed on the problem of multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) in intuitionistic fuzzy environments. Some limitations in the existing literature that explains Atanassov’ intuitionistic fuzzy sets (A-IFS) from the perspective of Dempster-Shafer theory (DST) of evidence have been analyzed. To address the issues of using Dempster’s rule to aggregate intuitionistic fuzzy values (IFVs), a novel aggregation operator named OWA-based MOS is proposed based on ordered weighted averaging (OWA) aggregation operator, which allows the expression of decision makers’ subjectivity by introducing the attitudinal character. The effectiveness of the developed OWAbased MOS approach in aggregating IFVs is demonstrated by the known example of MCDM problem. To compare different IFVs obtained from the OWA-based MOS approach, the golden rule representative value for IFVs comparison is introduced, which can get over the shortcomings of score functions. The hierarchical structure of the proposed decision approach is presented based on the above researches, which allow us to solve MCDM problem without intermediate defuzzification when not only criteria, but their weights are represented by IFVs. The proposed OWA-based MOS approach is illustrated as a more flexible decision-making method, which can better solve the problem of intuitionistic fuzzy multi-criteria decision making in the framework of DST.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[863] viXra:1907.0173 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-10 13:46:57

Outlier Modeling in Gear Bearing Using Autoencoder for Remaining Useful Life Prediction

Authors: Sunny Singh, Atif Ahmed, Praneet Shiv
Comments: 7 Pages.

In this paper, we introduce the Prognostics and Health Management of gear bearing system using autoencoder neural networks. Bearings and gears are the most common mechanical components in rotating machines, and their health conditions are of great concern in practice. This study presents an outlier modeling method for forecasting the gear bearing system failure using the health indicators constructed from mechanical signal processing and modeling. Outlier modeling aims to find patterns in data that are significantly different from what is defined as normal. In the unsupervised outlier modeling setting, prior labels about the anomalousness of data points are not available. In such cases, the most common techniques for scoring data points for outlyingness include distance-based methods density-based methods, and linear methods. The conventional outlier modeling methods have been used for a long time to detect anomalous observations in data. However, this paper shows that autoencoders are a very competitive technique compared to other existing methods. The developed method is demonstrated using the IMS bearing data from NASA Acoustics and Vibration Database.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[862] viXra:1907.0083 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-06 01:12:42

Revisiting “Nucleic Acids Data Sequencing using Higher Order Logic-A Suggestion of Basic Computational Framework Towards Bio-Sensors and Gene-Chips Design, Implementation and Verification”.

Authors: D.N.T.Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication & Simple Suggestion

Revisiting “Nucleic Acids Data Sequencing using Higher Order Logic-A Suggestion of Basic Computational Framework Towards Bio-Sensors and Gene-Chips Design, Implementation and Verification”. [“Novel Design by modification/extension of the above mentioned TITLE/IDEA Using HOL & HOL based Deep Learning(DL) Library”].Deep Learning for Next Generation DNA/RNA Sequencing Applications.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[861] viXra:1907.0072 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-04 13:05:11

Artificial Synapsis for Pattern Recognition

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Most artificial intelligence (AI) systems try to replicate biological mechanisms and behaviors observed in nature. [29] "We basically combined advances in neural networks and machine-learning with quantum Monte Carlo tools," says Savona, referring to a large toolkit of computational methods that physicists use to study complex quantum systems. [28] As cosmologists and astrophysicists delve deeper into the darkest recesses of the universe, their need for increasingly powerful observational and computational tools has expanded exponentially. [27] Now, a team of scientists at MIT and elsewhere has developed a neural network, a form of artificial intelligence (AI), that can do much the same thing, at least to a limited extent: It can read scientific papersand render a plain-English summary in a sentence or two. [26] To address this gap in the existing literature, a team of researchers at SRI International has created a human-AI image guessing game inspired by the popular game 20 Questions (20Q), which can be used to evaluate the helpfulness of machine explanations. [25]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[860] viXra:1907.0059 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-03 08:13:47

Smartphone Uncover Anti-Cancer Food

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 35 Pages.

A crowdsourcing project which uses thousands of idling smartphones has helped to uncover anti-cancer properties of everyday foods and medicines. [25] New work from Los Alamos National Laboratory, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and the University of Florida is showing that artificial neural nets can be trained to encode quantum mechanical laws to describe the motions of molecules, supercharging simulations potentially across a broad range of fields. [24] But in a new study, physicists have made the surprising discovery that two spherical like-charged metal nanoparticles with unequal charges can attract one another in a dilute electrolyte solution. [23] There are two sound velocities in a Bose-Einstein condensate. In addition to the normal sound propagation there is second sound, which is a quantum phenomenon. [22] Quantum sensors can reach sensitivities that are impossible according to the laws of conventional physics that govern everyday life. [21] An international team of physicists at ETH Zurich, Aalto University, the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, and the Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics in Moscow has demonstrated that algorithms and hardware developed originally in the context of quantum computation can be harnessed for quantum-enhanced sensing of magnetic fields. [20] Scientists at Forschungszentrum Jülich have now discovered another class of particle-like magnetic object that could take the development of data storage devices a significant step forward. [19] A team of researchers with members from IBM Research-Zurich and RWTH Aachen University has announced the development of a new PCM (phase change memory) design that offers miniaturized memory cell volume down to three nanometers. [18] Monatomic glassy antimony might be used as a new type of single-element phase change memory. [17] Physicists have designed a 3-D quantum memory that addresses the tradeoff between achieving long storage times and fast readout times, while at the same time maintaining a compact form. [16]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[859] viXra:1907.0030 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-03 03:16:11

Neural Nets Simulate Molecular Motion

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 33 Pages.

New work from Los Alamos National Laboratory, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and the University of Florida is showing that artificial neural nets can be trained to encode quantum mechanical laws to describe the motions of molecules, supercharging simulations potentially across a broad range of fields. [24] But in a new study, physicists have made the surprising discovery that two spherical like-charged metal nanoparticles with unequal charges can attract one another in a dilute electrolyte solution. [23]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[858] viXra:1907.0024 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-01 10:05:59

Neural Networks Simulating Quantum Systems

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

"We basically combined advances in neural networks and machine-learning with quantum Monte Carlo tools," says Savona, referring to a large toolkit of computational methods that physicists use to study complex quantum systems. [28] As cosmologists and astrophysicists delve deeper into the darkest recesses of the universe, their need for increasingly powerful observational and computational tools has expanded exponentially. [27] Now, a team of scientists at MIT and elsewhere has developed a neural network, a form of artificial intelligence (AI), that can do much the same thing, at least to a limited extent: It can read scientific papersand render a plain-English summary in a sentence or two. [26] To address this gap in the existing literature, a team of researchers at SRI International has created a human-AI image guessing game inspired by the popular game 20 Questions (20Q), which can be used to evaluate the helpfulness of machine explanations. [25]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[857] viXra:1907.0020 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-01 12:48:07

Machine Learning Design Proteins

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

According to researchers at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in the US they both gain from being composed of structures over a range of scales be that notes, chords and melodies or amino acids, proteins and collagen matrices. [29] "We basically combined advances in neural networks and machine-learning with quantum Monte Carlo tools," says Savona, referring to a large toolkit of computational methods that physicists use to study complex quantum systems. [28] As cosmologists and astrophysicists delve deeper into the darkest recesses of the universe, their need for increasingly powerful observational and computational tools has expanded exponentially. [27] Now, a team of scientists at MIT and elsewhere has developed a neural network, a form of artificial intelligence (AI), that can do much the same thing, at least to a limited extent: It can read scientific papersand render a plain-English summary in a sentence or two. [26] To address this gap in the existing literature, a team of researchers at SRI International has created a human-AI image guessing game inspired by the popular game 20 Questions (20Q), which can be used to evaluate the helpfulness of machine explanations. [25]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[856] viXra:1906.0579 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-30 09:09:58

‘Supralogic’ or a Method for Predicting Stochastic Mapping Outcomes by Interpolating Their Probabilties

Authors: Adam Bourne
Comments: 3 pages, English

In a stochastic mapping model, a method is described for interpolating un-sampled mapping probabilities given a succesive set of observed mappings. The sampled probabilities are calculated from the observed mappings. The previously described method of interpolating values in code space is used to interpolate the un-observed mapping probabilities. The outcomes for subsequent mappings can then be predicted by finding the processes with maximal interpolated probability.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[855] viXra:1906.0578 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-30 11:15:42

Ai Tool in Rna Video Game

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

A new artificial-intelligence tool captures strategies used by top players of an internet-based videogame to design new RNA molecules. [31] A team of EPFL scientists has now written a machine-learning program that can predict, in record time, how atoms will respond to an applied magnetic field. [30] Researchers from the University of Luxembourg, Technische Universität Berlin, and the Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society have combined machine learning and quantum mechanics to predict the dynamics and atomic interactions in molecules. [29] For the first time, physicists have demonstrated that machine learning can reconstruct a quantum system based on relatively few experimental measurements. [28] AlphaZero plays very unusually; not like a human, but also not like a typical computer. Instead, it plays with "real artificial" intelligence. [27] Predictions for an AI-dominated future are increasingly common, but Antoine Blondeau has experience in reading, and arguably manipulating, the runes-he helped develop technology that evolved into predictive texting and Apple's Siri. [26] Artificial intelligence can improve health care by analyzing data from apps, smartphones and wearable technology. [25] Now, researchers at Google's DeepMind have developed a simple algorithm to handle such reasoning-and it has already beaten humans at a complex image comprehension test. [24] A marimba-playing robot with four arms and eight sticks is writing and playing its own compositions in a lab at the Georgia Institute of Technology. The pieces are generated using artificial intelligence and deep learning. [23] Now, a team of researchers at MIT and elsewhere has developed a new approach to such computations, using light instead of electricity, which they say could vastly improve the speed and efficiency of certain deep learning computations. [22] Physicists have found that the structure of certain types of quantum learning algorithms is very similar to their classical counterparts-a finding that will help scientists further develop the quantum versions. [21] We should remain optimistic that quantum computing and AI will continue to improve our lives, but we also should continue to hold companies, organizations, and governments accountable for how our private data is used, as well as the technology's impact on the environment. [20]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[854] viXra:1906.0566 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-29 06:30:52

Solving the Shortest Path Problem By Genetic and Ant Colony Optimization Algorithms

Authors: Eyman Yosef; A.A. Salama; M. Elsayed Wahed
Comments: 17 Pages.

In this paper I will present two different genetic and ant colony algorithms for solving a classic computer science problem: shortest path problems. I will first give a brief discussion on the general topics of the shortest path problem, genetic and ant colony algorithms.I will conclude by making some observations on the advantages and disadvantages of using genetic and ant colony algorithms to solve the shortest path problem and my opinion on the usefulness of the solutions and the future of this area of computer science
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[853] viXra:1906.0527 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-28 00:40:54

[ Itensor + a Quantum Device + Dlibc++machine Learning Library ] to Probe [ Hardware-Software-Firmware ] Interaction with [ Critical Infrastructure + Smart Device + Iot + HPC ] in the Context of Advanced Medical Imaging a Novel Suggestion in Designing I

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication & Simple Suggestion

[ ITensor + a Quantum Device + dlibC++Machine Learning Library ] to Probe [ Hardware-Software-Firmware ] Interaction with [ Critical Infrastructure + Smart Device + IoT + HPC ] in the Context of Advanced Medical Imaging - A Novel Suggestion in Designing Intelligent Wireless Medical Imaging Platform Using Related Machine Learning Informatics.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[852] viXra:1906.0433 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-24 05:00:48

Evidential Distance Measure in Complex Belief Function Theory

Authors: Fuyuan Xiao
Comments: 2 Pages.

In this paper, an evidential distance measure is proposed which can measure the difference or dissimilarity between complex basic belief assignments (CBBAs), in which the CBBAs are composed of complex numbers. When the CBBAs are degenerated from complex numbers to real numbers, the proposed distance will degrade into the Jousselme et al.’s distance. Therefore, the proposed distance provides a promising way to measure the differences between evidences in a more general framework of complex plane space.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[851] viXra:1906.0414 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-20 07:14:47

Machine Learning Quantum Physics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

A Cornell-led team has developed a way to use machine learning to analyze the data generated by scanning tunneling microscopy (STM)-a technique that produces subatomic scale images of electronic motions in material surfaces at varying energies, providing information unattainable by any other method. [25] Physicists in the US have used machine learning to determine the phase diagram of a system of 12 idealized quantum particles to a higher precision than ever before. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning-a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data-with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[850] viXra:1906.0402 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-21 01:17:46

Machine Learning Features for Malicious URL Filtering- The Survey

Authors: Smaranya Dey, Eshan Jain, Arunita Das
Comments: 8 Pages.

Malicious URL is the URL created for harmful purposes which contains spam, phishing, misleading applications like fake antiviruses or fake codecs. The use of this kind of URLs might lead to monetary loss, theft of sensitive information such as personal details or corporate data, disruption of operations, unauthorized access to system resources etc. Often these websites are built to look like a genuine website to deceive the users in installing malicious content in their systems. As per NetCraft January 2018 web server survey, there are 1.8 billion sites across 213 million unique domain names. According to Symantec Internet Security Threat Report 2018, 1 in 13 web requests lead to malware which is up 3% from 2016. Sudden rise of cyber-attacks in recent years makes this problem indispensable for both private and public organizations. The primary objective of the paper is to provide a near exhaustive set of meaningful features that can help professionals and practitioners to facilitate their own research and practical applications on malicious URL filtering. These features are systematically classified and described in keyword-based features, lexical features, content-based features (HTML and JavaScript), IP Address Properties based features, web-rank and score-based features. This paper also briefly discusses on how URL filtering techniques have evolved in the past. The paper talks about traditional techniques like blacklisting URLs, heuristic approaches while also highlighting the shortcomings of these approaches. We then touch upon newer machine learning based techniques like cosine similarity-based URL classification, Support Vector Machines and Neural Network based models.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[849] viXra:1906.0399 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-21 03:11:06

[ Halide/llvm/clang/dlibc++ Machine Learning Library Toolkit ] as hi-End Cryo-em Image Processing Software & Informatics Platform a Simple Short Communication on Using [ Halide/dlibc++ Machine Learning Library Toolkit/iot/hpc ]

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 7 Pages. Short Communication & Simple Suggestion

[ Halide/LLVM/Clang/dlibC++ Machine Learning Library Toolkit ] as HI-END cryo-EM Image Processing Software & Informatics Platform - A Simple Short Communication on Using [ Halide/dlibC++ Machine Learning Library Toolkit/IoT/HPC ] in a Related Heterogeneous Computing Environment R&D.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[848] viXra:1906.0385 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-21 11:01:50

AI Converts CT Images

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

An artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm can transform low-dose CT (LDCT) scans into high-quality exams that radiologists may even prefer over LDCT studies produced via commercial iterative reconstruction techniques. [31] A team of EPFL scientists has now written a machine-learning program that can predict, in record time, how atoms will respond to an applied magnetic field. [30] Researchers from the University of Luxembourg, Technische Universität Berlin, and the Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society have combined machine learning and quantum mechanics to predict the dynamics and atomic interactions in molecules. [29] For the first time, physicists have demonstrated that machine learning can reconstruct a quantum system based on relatively few experimental measurements. [28] AlphaZero plays very unusually; not like a human, but also not like a typical computer. Instead, it plays with "real artificial" intelligence. [27] Predictions for an AI-dominated future are increasingly common, but Antoine Blondeau has experience in reading, and arguably manipulating, the runes-he helped develop technology that evolved into predictive texting and Apple's Siri. [26] Artificial intelligence can improve health care by analyzing data from apps, smartphones and wearable technology. [25] Now, researchers at Google's DeepMind have developed a simple algorithm to handle such reasoning-and it has already beaten humans at a complex image comprehension test. [24] A marimba-playing robot with four arms and eight sticks is writing and playing its own compositions in a lab at the Georgia Institute of Technology. The pieces are generated using artificial intelligence and deep learning. [23] Now, a team of researchers at MIT and elsewhere has developed a new approach to such computations, using light instead of electricity, which they say could vastly improve the speed and efficiency of certain deep learning computations. [22] Physicists have found that the structure of certain types of quantum learning algorithms is very similar to their classical counterparts-a finding that will help scientists further develop the quantum versions. [21]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[847] viXra:1906.0383 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-21 13:51:15

Supervised Dimensionality Reduction for Multi-Label Nearest Neighbors

Authors: Reda ALAMI
Comments: 75 Pages.

The ML-kNN algorithm is one of the most famous and most efficient multi-label classifier. Its performances are very remarkable when compared with the other state-of-art multi-label classifiers. Nevertheless, it suffers from two major drawbacks: its accuracy crucially depends on the metric function used to compute distances between instances, and when dealing with high dimensions data, the neighborhoods identification task becomes very slow. So, both metric learning and dimensionality reduction are essential to improve the ML-kNN performances. In this report, we propose a novel multi-label Mahalanobis distance learned via a supervised dimensionality reduction approach that we call ML-ARP. ML-ARP is a process that adapts random projections on a multi-label dataset to improve the ML-kNN performances. Unlike most state of art multi-label dimensionality reduction approaches that solve eigenvalue or inverse problem, our method is iterative and scales up with high dimensions. There is no eigenvalue or inverse problems to solve. Experiments show that the ML-ARP allows us to highly upgrade the ML-kNN classifier. Statistical tests assert that the MLARP is better than the remaining state-of-art multi-label dimensionality reduction approaches
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[846] viXra:1906.0258 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-14 22:47:13

Graph Signal Processing: Towards the Diffused Spectral Clustering

Authors: Reda ALAMI
Comments: 5 Pages.

Graph signal processing is an emerging field of research. When the structure of signalscanberepresentedasagraph,itallowstofullyexploittheirinherentstructure. It has been shown that the normalized graph Laplacian matrix plays a major role in the characterization of a signal on a graph. Moreover, this matrix plays a major role in clustering large data set. In this paper, we present the diffused spectral clustering: a novel handwritten digits clustering algorithm based on the normalizedgraphLaplacianproperties. It’saclevercombinationbetweenagraph feature space transformation and the spectral clustering algorithm. Experimentally, our proposal outperforms the other algorithms of the state-of-art.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[845] viXra:1906.0211 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-12 14:18:43

Sparse Ensemble Learning with Truncated Convolutional Autoencoders for Cleaning Stained Documents

Authors: Anant Khandelwal
Comments: 14 Pages.

This paper mainly focus on how to extract clean text from the stained document. It may happen sometimes that due to stains it becomes very difficult to understand the documents and from the previous work it has been seen that one particular modelling technique either through Image processing or Machine learning which alone can’t perform for all the cases in general. As we all know ensemble techniques combine many of the modelling techniques and result in much reduced error that would not be possible by just having single model. But the features used for different models should be sparse or non-overlapping enough to guarantee the independence of each of the modelling techniques. XGBoost is one such ensemble technique in comparison to gradient boosting machines which are very slow due to this it’s not possible to combine more than three models with reasonable execution time. This work mainly focus on combining the truncated convolutional Autoencoders with sparsity take into account to that of machine learning and Image processing models using XGBoost such that the whole model results in much reduced error as compared to single modelling techniques. Experimentation’s are carried out on the public dataset NoisyOffice published on UCI machine learning repository, this dataset contains training, validation and test dataset with variety of noisy greyscale images some with ink spots, coffee spots and creased documents. Evaluation metric is taken to be RMSE(Reduced Mean Squared Error) to show the performance improvement on the variety of images which are corrupted badly
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[844] viXra:1906.0198 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-11 06:10:22

Home work

Authors: Tuan Yugyi
Comments: 7 Pages.

Title, authors and abstract should also be included in the PdF file. These should be in English. If the submission is not in English please translate the title and abstract here. You can include basic HTML is the abstract for formatting if necessary. (e.g. subscripts, italics, line breaks and special characters) Please do not use links, images, bold, font changes or character sizes or colours.Title, authors and abstract should also be included in the PdF file. These should be in English. If the submission is not in English please translate the title and abstract here. You can include basic HTML is the abstract for formatting if necessary. (e.g. subscripts, italics, line breaks and special characters) Please do not use links, images, bold, font changes or character sizes or colours.Title, authors and abstract should also be included in the PdF file. These should be in English. If the submission is not in English please translate the title and abstract here. You can include basic HTML is the abstract for formatting if necessary. (e.g. subscripts, italics, line breaks and special characters) Please do not use links, images, bold, font changes or character sizes or colours.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[843] viXra:1906.0193 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-11 07:39:06

People Beat Machines Recognizing Speech

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Humans, on the other hand, are amazingly good at dealing with variations in language. We are so good, in fact, that we really take note when things occasionally break down. [27] A team of British researchers has developed a method that enables computers to make decisions in a way that is more similar to humans. [26] One of the most spectacular facts of the last two centuries of economic history is the exponential growth in GDP per capita in most of the world. Figure 1 shows the rise (and the difference) in living standards for five countries since 1000 AD. [25]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[842] viXra:1906.0187 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-11 19:02:36

Enhancements in Audio Ads Delivery and Effectiveness

Authors: RJ Harry
Comments: 2 Pages.

This work details progress in audio ads - delivery and effectiveness. With the increased use of smart speakers and voice-based commands, a new ad avenue in the form of audio ads is rapidly emerging. Audio ads however are different in several aspects from traditional banner/image/video/text (email) ads. For one they’re richer in terms of contextual information as the user interaction with voice is more personal and can be used to determine various aspects from user mood to activity being preformed.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[841] viXra:1906.0062 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-04 05:53:21

Bsoft-Ruby/ruby Based Machine Learning(ml)-LLVM-Tcl/Tk Based Analysis of Cryo-em Images Using Mathematical Software in Probing the Nano-Bio Systems – an Interesting Insight Into Ruby/ruby-ML and Tcl/Tk Interfacing in the Context of Electron Microscopy Ima

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Short Communication & Simple Suggestion

In this communication the importance of BSOFT-Ruby-LLVM-Tcl/Tk systems based imaging framework to probe Cryo-EM images is presented from a practical implementation point of view. Cryo-EM Technique holds an excellent future.Ruby-LLVM based imaging algorithms could form a powerful informatics framework for researching the challenges arising in the domains of nanotechnology. It is very much useful and important to study the behavior of cross-platform interfacing of existing software tools,fine tuning and adapting them to the domains where the models make bold predictions which could form the basis for the discovery of new nanoscale phenomena. All the methods presented here are also applicable to TEM/SEM/other EM Image Processing tasks as well. Aimed at writing better image processing software directly in Ruby in the near future as Ruby is already a promising tool in medical imaging areas like DICOM and other applications.Ruby also easily interacts with software already developed using C/C++/Java/Tcl/Tk/LLVM with its own extension capabilities.BSOFT, a well established Electron Microscopy Image Processing Software is chosen to experiment with,hence this presentation.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[840] viXra:1906.0041 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-05 05:15:15

Computer Make Decision like Humans

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

A team of British researchers has developed a method that enables computers to make decisions in a way that is more similar to humans. [26] One of the most spectacular facts of the last two centuries of economic history is the exponential growth in GDP per capita in most of the world. Figure 1 shows the rise (and the difference) in living standards for five countries since 1000 AD. [25] While it is undeniable that AI has opened up a wealth of promising opportunities, it has also led to the emergence of a mindset that can be best described as "AI solutionism". [24]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[839] viXra:1906.0040 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-05 05:25:36

Deep Learning Retrosynthesis

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

Researchers, from biochemists to material scientists, have long relied on the rich variety of organic molecules to solve pressing challenges. [25] Social, economic, environmental and health inequalities within cities can be detected using street imagery. [24] Citizen science is a boon for researchers, providing reams of data about everything from animal species to distant galaxies. [23] In early 2018, with support from IBM Corporate Citizenship and the Danish Ministry for Foreign Affairs, IBM and the Danish Refugee Council (DRC) embarked on a partnership aimed squarely at the need to better understand migration drivers and evidence-based policy guidance for a range of stakeholders. [22]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[838] viXra:1906.0024 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-02 07:58:03

AI the Future of Work and Inequality

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

One of the most spectacular facts of the last two centuries of economic history is the exponential growth in GDP per capita in most of the world. Figure 1 shows the rise (and the difference) in living standards for five countries since 1000 AD. [25] While it is undeniable that AI has opened up a wealth of promising opportunities, it has also led to the emergence of a mindset that can be best described as "AI solutionism". [24] Intel's Gadi Singer believes his most important challenge is his latest: using artificial intelligence (AI) to reshape scientific exploration. [23]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[837] viXra:1905.0601 [pdf] submitted on 2019-05-31 23:48:42

Understanding and Testing [e Theorem Prover(etp) +dlib+ruby+llvm+rubinius+graalvm ] in the Context of Dicom/medical Imaging & Informatics Platform a Simple Novel Suggestion on Using Machine Learning [ML] Concepts in hi-End Heterogeneous Computing Envi

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Short Communication & Simple Suggestion

Understanding and Testing [E Theorem Prover(ETP) +dlib+Ruby+LLVM+Rubinius+GraalVM ] in the context of DICOM/Medical Imaging & Informatics Platform - A Simple Novel Suggestion on Using Machine learning [ML] Concepts in Hi-End Heterogeneous Computing Environments involving [LLVM-Ruby/IoT/HPC] Hardware/Software/Firmware.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[836] viXra:1905.0588 [pdf] submitted on 2019-05-29 08:14:55

Quantum Model of Mass Function

Authors: Xiaozhuan Gao, Yong Deng
Comments: 21 Pages.

Dempster-Shafer (D-S) evidence theory has been used in many fields due to the flexibility and effectiveness in modeling uncertainties, which is the extension of classical probability. Recently, quantum probability which can express uncertainty has been used in many fields due to the existing of interference. Especially for human decision and cognition, interference can better model the process of decision. In order to better expand the applications of D-S evidence theory, the paper proposed quantum model of mass function which can consider the interference. In proposed quantum method, quantum mass function uses euler formula to represent. The paper also discusses some operations in quantum model of mass function. Moreover, the paper also discusses the relationship between quantum mass function and classical mass function by using some numerical examples. Classical mass function is the special case when there is no interference in quantum mass function.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[835] viXra:1905.0540 [pdf] submitted on 2019-05-28 23:25:33

Using Python Based Fine Tuning of [imageai + a Particle Picker] in the Context of Cryo-em Image Processing Towards Developing Novel Cryo-em Informatics Platform.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication & Simple Suggestion

Using Python based Fine Tuning of [IMAGEAI + a PARTICLE PICKER] in the Context of cryo-EM Image Processing towards Developing Novel cryo-EM Informatics Platform. [AI Touch for Particle Picking in the cryo-EM Image Processing Application ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[834] viXra:1905.0529 [pdf] submitted on 2019-05-27 10:14:27

[coptp+q*cert+ocaml+ Haxe+java/jikesrvm/jvm] to Probe ai Driven Smart Phone Apps in the Context of Precision Medicine/disease Detection Using [ocaml+java+jiprolog] Interfacing for [iot/hpc] hi-End Heterogeneous Computing Environments.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication & Simple Suggestion

[CopTP+q*cert+OCaml+ HAXE+Java/JikesRVM/JVM] to probe AI Driven Smart Phone Apps in the Context of Precision Medicine/Disease Detection Using [Ocaml+Java+JIProlog] interfacing for [IoT/HPC] Hi-End Heterogeneous Computing Environments.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[833] viXra:1905.0493 [pdf] submitted on 2019-05-24 12:57:16

AI to Superconductors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

In a new study from the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory, researchers used the power of artificial intelligence and high-performance supercomputers to introduce and assess the impact of different configurations of defects on the performance of a superconductor. [32] Using machine-learning and an integrated photonic chip, researchers from INRS (Canada) and the University of Sussex (UK) can now customize the properties of broadband light sources. [31]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[832] viXra:1905.0359 [pdf] submitted on 2019-05-19 23:17:32

An Interesting Insight Into Polyhedra Computation Based on Ppl[(parma Polyhedra Library in C++)/imagej/jiprolog/jikesrvm/java/eclipse-Ide] in the Context of Software Development Involving R&D of [ai+complex Systems+cryo-em Informatics] Using Iot/hpc Frame

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Short Communication

AN INTERESTING INSIGHT INTO POLYHEDRA COMPUTATION BASED ON PPL[(Parma Polyhedra Library in C++)/ImageJ/JIProlog/JikesRVM/Java/Eclipse-IDE] IN THE CONTEXT OF SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT INVOLVING R&D OF [AI+COMPLEX SYSTEMS+CRYO-EM INFORMATICS] USING IoT/HPC FRAMEWORK. [ Probing Numerical Abstractions in Engineering/Physics/Biology/Image Processing Domains ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[831] viXra:1905.0271 [pdf] submitted on 2019-05-17 11:28:39

Neural Network Study Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

As cosmologists and astrophysicists delve deeper into the darkest recesses of the universe, their need for increasingly powerful observational and computational tools has expanded exponentially.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[830] viXra:1905.0266 [pdf] submitted on 2019-05-18 02:10:45

Machine Learning of Fusion Energy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 34 Pages.

Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) are using ML to create a model for rapid control of plasma-the state of matter composed of free electrons and atomic nuclei, or ions-that fuels fusion reactions. [22] Machine learning can be used to predict the properties of a group of materials which, according to some, could be as important to the 21st century as plastics were to the 20th. [21] Marculescu, along with ECE Ph.D. student Chieh Lo, has developed a machine learning algorithm-called MPLasso-that uses data to infer associations and interactions between microbes in the GI microbiome. [20] A team of researchers from the University of Muenster in Germany has now demonstrated that this combination is extremely well suited to planning chemical syntheses-so-called retrosyntheses-with unprecedented efficiency. [19] Two physicists at ETH Zurich and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have developed a novel machine-learning algorithm that analyses large data sets describing a physical system and extract from them the essential information needed to understand the underlying physics. [18]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[829] viXra:1905.0261 [pdf] submitted on 2019-05-16 06:42:05

AI Teach us about Proteins

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

Researchers in Berlin and Heidelberg have now developed an intelligent neural network that can predict the functions of proteins in the human body. [25] AI combined with stem cells promises a faster approach to disease prevention. Andrew Masterson reports. [24] According to product chief Trystan Upstill, the news app "uses the best of artificial intelligence to find the best of human intelligence—the great reporting done by journalists around the globe." [23]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[828] viXra:1905.0258 [pdf] submitted on 2019-05-16 07:01:34

Machine Learning of Porous Materials

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 33 Pages.

Machine learning can be used to predict the properties of a group of materials which, according to some, could be as important to the 21st century as plastics were to the 20th. [21] Marculescu, along with ECE Ph.D. student Chieh Lo, has developed a machine learning algorithm-called MPLasso-that uses data to infer associations and interactions between microbes in the GI microbiome. [20] A team of researchers from the University of Muenster in Germany has now demonstrated that this combination is extremely well suited to planning chemical syntheses-so-called retrosyntheses-with unprecedented efficiency. [19] Two physicists at ETH Zurich and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have developed a novel machine-learning algorithm that analyses large data sets describing a physical system and extract from them the essential information needed to understand the underlying physics. [18]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[827] viXra:1905.0257 [pdf] submitted on 2019-05-16 07:23:12

Facial Recognition Fears

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

A ban on facial recognition for law enforcement in San Francisco highlights growing public concerns about technology which is seeing stunning growth for an array of applications while provoking worries over privacy. [26] Researchers in Berlin and Heidelberg have now developed an intelligent neural network that can predict the functions of proteins in the human body. [25] AI combined with stem cells promises a faster approach to disease prevention. Andrew Masterson reports. [24]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[826] viXra:1905.0198 [pdf] submitted on 2019-05-13 11:20:48

AI in the next Election Decide

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

If trust in our politicians is at an all time low, maybe it's time to reconsider how we elect them in the first place. Can artificial intelligence (AI) help with our voting decisions? [27] In January 2017, IBM made the bold statement that within five years, HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/health/" health professionals could apply AI to better understand how words and speech paint a clear window into our mental health. [26]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[825] viXra:1905.0168 [pdf] submitted on 2019-05-11 06:49:56

AI Develops Human-Like Number Sense

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 33 Pages.

All the successful computational approaches to detecting objects in images work by building up a kind of statistical picture of an object from many individual examples – a type of learning. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society (CNS), cognitive neuroscientists increasingly are using those emerging artificial networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[824] viXra:1905.0147 [pdf] submitted on 2019-05-09 12:18:21

Neural Network on Single Chip

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

A team of researchers from the University of Münster, the University of Oxford and the University of Exeter has built an all-optical neural network on a single chip. [28] Physicists from Petrozavodsk State University have proposed a new method for oscillatory neural network to recognize simple images. Such networks with an adjustable synchronous state of individual neurons have, presumably, dynamics similar to neurons in the living brain. [27] Navid Borhani, a research-team member, says this machine learning approach is much simpler than other methods to reconstruct images passed through optical fibers, which require making a holographic measurement of the output. [26]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[823] viXra:1905.0080 [pdf] submitted on 2019-05-06 01:08:11

A Fast Algorithm for NetworkForecasting Time Series

Authors: Fan Liu, Yong Deng
Comments: 7 Pages.

Time series has a wide range of applications in various fields. Recently, a new math tool, named as visibility graph, is developed to transform the time series into complex networks. One shortcoming of existing network-based time series prediction methods is time consuming. To address this issue, this paper proposes a new prediction algorithm based on visibility graph and markov chains. Among the existing network-based time series prediction methods, the main step is to determine the similarity degree between two nodes based on link prediction algorithm. A new similarity measure between two nodes is presented without the iteration process in classical link prediction algorithm. The prediction of Construct Cost Index (CCI) shows that the proposed method has the better accuracy with less time consuming.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[822] viXra:1905.0058 [pdf] submitted on 2019-05-05 03:18:10

An Insight Into [erlang – Java Interface Jikesrvm(research Virtual Machine) – Yanni] Based Informatics Platform for Telecom R&D.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 4 Pages. Short Communication

An Insight into [Erlang – Java interface -JikesRVM(Research Virtual Machine) – YANNI] based Informatics Platform for Telecom R&D. [ Erlang/OTP/Hardware/Software/Firmware based Co-Design of Intelligent Telecommunication Systems ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[821] viXra:1905.0049 [pdf] submitted on 2019-05-03 10:53:37

Artificial Neural Networks Brain Activity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 58 Pages.

MIT neuroscientists have performed the most rigorous testing yet of computational models that mimic the brain's visual cortex. [31] For people with hearing loss, it can very difficult to understand and separate voices in noisy environments. This problem may soon be history thanks to a new groundbreaking algorithm that is designed to recognise and separate voices efficiently in unknown sound environments. [30]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[820] viXra:1905.0044 [pdf] submitted on 2019-05-02 11:23:13

Machine Learning Quantum Sensing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

Researchers at the University of Bristol have reached new heights of sophistication in detecting magnetic fields with extreme sensitivity at room temperature by combining machine learning with a quantum sensor. [25] Physicists in the US have used machine learning to determine the phase diagram of a system of 12 idealized quantum particles to a higher precision than ever before. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning-a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data-with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[819] viXra:1904.0581 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-29 06:51:40

Hybrid Machine Learning Tool

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 57 Pages.

Researchers have developed a hybrid predictive model to improve the identification of metastatic lymph nodes in individuals with head-and-neck cancer. [33] "Collaborations such as this between pathologists and data scientists are essential to advancing the field of oncology. Our expertise is disparate, which perhaps is exactly why it can be so powerfully complementary," Tafe says. [32] As part of a team of scientists from IBM and New York University, my colleagues and I are looking at new ways AI could be used to help ophthalmologists and optometrists further utilize eye images, and potentially help to speed the process for detecting glaucoma in images. [31] A team of EPFL scientists has now written a machine-learning program that can predict, in record time, how atoms will respond to an applied magnetic field. [30] Researchers from the University of Luxembourg, Technische Universität Berlin, and the Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society have combined machine learning and quantum mechanics to predict the dynamics and atomic interactions in molecules. [29] For the first time, physicists have demonstrated that machine learning can reconstruct a quantum system based on relatively few experimental measurements. [28] AlphaZero plays very unusually; not like a human, but also not like a typical computer. Instead, it plays with "real artificial" intelligence. [27] Predictions for an AI-dominated future are increasingly common, but Antoine Blondeau has experience in reading, and arguably manipulating, the runes-he helped develop technology that evolved into predictive texting and Apple's Siri. [26] Artificial intelligence can improve health care by analyzing data from apps, smartphones and wearable technology. [25] Now, researchers at Google's DeepMind have developed a simple algorithm to handle such reasoning-and it has already beaten humans at a complex image comprehension test. [24] A marimba-playing robot with four arms and eight sticks is writing and playing its own compositions in a lab at the Georgia Institute of Technology. The pieces are generated using artificial intelligence and deep learning. [23]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[818] viXra:1904.0502 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-25 08:35:37

Machine Learning Ready to Shine

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Machine learning and automation technologies are gearing up to transform the radiation-therapy workflow while freeing specialist clinical and technical staff to dedicate more time to patient care. [27] Navid Borhani, a research-team member, says this machine learning approach is much simpler than other methods to reconstruct images passed through optical fibers, which require making a holographic measurement of the output. [26]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[817] viXra:1904.0488 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-26 02:43:56

The Transferable Complex Belief Model

Authors: Fuyuan Xiao
Comments: 2 Pages.

We describe the transferable complex belief model, a model for representing quantified beliefs based on a newly defined complex belief function. The relation between the complex belief function and the probability function is derived when decisions must be made.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[816] viXra:1904.0487 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-26 03:56:19

Ai/ml/dl Based Python Software + Orlik Solomon[os] Algebra Python Program to Probe Electron Microscopy[em] Images Towards a Better Image Processing & Informatics Framework – a Novel Suggestion & Design Approach for Testing em Image Processing Frameworks I

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 4 Pages. Short Communication

AI/ML/DL Based Python Software + Orlik Solomon[OS] Algebra Python Program to probe Electron Microscopy[EM] Images towards a better Image Processing & Informatics Framework – A Novel Suggestion & Design Approach for Testing EM Image Processing Frameworks in the context of Hyper-plane Arrangement/s.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[815] viXra:1904.0486 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-26 04:59:43

Deep Learning Lung Cancer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

“Collaborations such as this between pathologists and data scientists are essential to advancing the field of oncology. Our expertise is disparate, which perhaps is exactly why it can be so powerfully complementary,” Tafe says. [32] As part of a team of scientists from IBM and New York University, my colleagues and I are looking at new ways AI could be used to help ophthalmologists and optometrists further utilize eye images, and potentially help to speed the process for detecting glaucoma in images. [31] A team of EPFL scientists has now written a machine-learning program that can predict, in record time, how atoms will respond to an applied magnetic field. [30] Researchers from the University of Luxembourg, Technische Universität Berlin, and the Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society have combined machine learning and quantum mechanics to predict the dynamics and atomic interactions in molecules. [29] For the first time, physicists have demonstrated that machine learning can reconstruct a quantum system based on relatively few experimental measurements. [28] AlphaZero plays very unusually; not like a human, but also not like a typical computer. Instead, it plays with "real artificial" intelligence. [27] Predictions for an AI-dominated future are increasingly common, but Antoine Blondeau has experience in reading, and arguably manipulating, the runes-he helped develop technology that evolved into predictive texting and Apple's Siri. [26] Artificial intelligence can improve health care by analyzing data from apps, smartphones and wearable technology. [25] Now, researchers at Google's DeepMind have developed a simple algorithm to handle such reasoning-and it has already beaten humans at a complex image comprehension test. [24] A marimba-playing robot with four arms and eight sticks is writing and playing its own compositions in a lab at the Georgia Institute of Technology. The pieces are generated using artificial intelligence and deep learning. [23] Now, a team of researchers at MIT and elsewhere has developed a new approach to such computations, using light instead of electricity, which they say could vastly improve the speed and efficiency of certain deep learning computations. [22]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[814] viXra:1904.0476 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-24 08:45:11

Inverse Reinforcement Training Conditioned on Brain Scan

Authors: Tofara Moyo
Comments: 3 Pages.

I outline a way for an agent to learn the dispositions of a particular individual through inverse reinforcement learning where the state space at time t includes an fMRI scan of the individual, to represent his brain state at that time. The fundamental assumption being that the information shown on an fMRI scan of an individual is conditioned on his thoughts and thought processes. The system models both long and short term memory as well any internal dynamics we may not be aware of that are in the human brain. The human expert will put on a suit for a set duration with sensors whose information will be used to train a policy network, while a generative model will be trained to produce the next fMRI scan image conditioned on the present one and the state of the environment. During operation the humanoid robots actions will be conditioned on this evolving fMRI and the environment it is in.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[813] viXra:1904.0475 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-24 08:48:25

Imprinting Memory and Experiences on Noise

Authors: Tofara Moyo
Comments: 2 Pages.

We outline a method where we imprint the memory and collective experience of an agent, or the previous words said and in what order and by whom in a chatbot. We are given a training corpus of conversations. Then a feed forward neural network is used to input a noise vector with the current word. At the start of the conversation we will input the zero vector with the dimensions of the noise vector that we will use. Together with the first word found in the conversation. This will output another noise vector and the 1 hot encoded next word. We will then feed the duo output once more into the network to predict the next word. During the learning process we will not alter the noise vectors predicted, but the error function will be parameterized by the word vector. This will marry the two progressions together. That of the noise and the structure of the conversation and which word ought to follow which in a sensible sentence. During operation we input the zero vector and the first word, then input the duo output from that back into the network to predict the next word to be said. When a live response is given to a chatbot the next word will not be predicted, but we shall still get another noise vector with which to feed back in with the next word, until an EOU (end of utterance) token vector is input alongside a noise vector. Then the system begins to predict the words to say as before
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[812] viXra:1904.0474 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-24 08:50:57

Dynamic Cascade Neural Network

Authors: Tofara Moyo
Comments: 2 Pages.

We introduce a type of cascade correlation network to predict the next word in a sentence, where the hidden layer is connected in such a way as to represent the topology of the conversation up to that point. There will be one input neuron that is fed the current word, and one output neuron that will output the predicted next word in the sentence. During training, we will be given a set of conversations to train on. That means that we shall know the input output pairs to train with, and the topology of the previous parts of the conversation correlating with each pair. We shall build the hidden layer in such a way that it is isomorphic to the previous parts of the conversation at the point here that input output pair coincide. During operation we will build the hidden layer of the network at each input word and in such a way as to be isomorphic to the previous parts of the conversation up to that point. Training will make the probability of the output n+1 word to be conditionally dependent on the previous words in that order and not just the nth word, conditional on the training conversations giving the chat-bot the ability to talk consistently on topics and themes found within the training conversations.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[811] viXra:1904.0473 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-24 09:25:57

People Makes AI More Powerful

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

But as the desire to use AI for more scenarios has grown, Microsoft scientists and product developers have pioneered a complementary approach called machine teaching. [26] A commercial artificial intelligence (AI) system matched the accuracy of over 28,000 interpretations of breast cancer screening mammograms by 101 radiologists. [25] Social, economic, environmental and health inequalities within cities can be detected using street imagery. [24]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[810] viXra:1904.0439 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-22 08:44:10

AI Versus 101 Radiologists

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

A commercial artificial intelligence (AI) system matched the accuracy of over 28,000 interpretations of breast cancer screening mammograms by 101 radiologists. [25] Social, economic, environmental and health inequalities within cities can be detected using street imagery. [24] Citizen science is a boon for researchers, providing reams of data about everything from animal species to distant galaxies. [23] In early 2018, with support from IBM Corporate Citizenship and the Danish Ministry for Foreign Affairs, IBM and the Danish Refugee Council (DRC) embarked on a partnership aimed squarely at the need to better understand migration drivers and evidence-based policy guidance for a range of stakeholders. [22]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[809] viXra:1904.0429 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-22 20:38:36

MidcurveNN: Encoder-Decoder Neural Network for Computing Midcurve of a Thin Polygon

Authors: Yogesh H. Kulkarni
Comments: 3 Pages.

Various applications need lower dimensional representation of shapes. Midcurve is one-dimensional(1D) representation of a two-dimensional(2D) planar shape. It is used in applications such as animation, shape matching, retrieval, finite element analysis, etc. Methods available to compute midcurves vary based on the type of the input shape (images, sketches, etc.) and processing (thinning, Medial Axis Transform (MAT), Chordal Axis Transform (CAT), Straight Skeletons, etc.). This paper talks about a novel method called MidcurveNN which uses Encoder-Decoder neural network for computing midcurve from images of 2D thin polygons in supervised learning manner. This dimension reduction transformation from input 2D thin polygon image to output 1D midcurve image is learnt by the neural network, which can then be used to compute midcurve of an unseen 2D thin polygonal shape.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[808] viXra:1904.0403 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-20 09:11:52

Deep Learning Image Analysis

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

Social, economic, environmental and health inequalities within cities can be detected using street imagery. [24] Citizen science is a boon for researchers, providing reams of data about everything from animal species to distant galaxies. [23] In early 2018, with support from IBM Corporate Citizenship and the Danish Ministry for Foreign Affairs, IBM and the Danish Refugee Council (DRC) embarked on a partnership aimed squarely at the need to better understand migration drivers and evidence-based policy guidance for a range of stakeholders. [22]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[807] viXra:1904.0402 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-20 09:30:09

Helpfulness of Machine Explanations

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

To address this gap in the existing literature, a team of researchers at SRI International has created a human-AI image guessing game inspired by the popular game 20 Questions (20Q), which can be used to evaluate the helpfulness of machine explanations. [25] Social, economic, environmental and health inequalities within cities can be detected using street imagery. [24] Citizen science is a boon for researchers, providing reams of data about everything from animal species to distant galaxies. [23]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[806] viXra:1904.0397 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-20 11:02:57

Neural Network Read Scientific Papers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

Now, a team of scientists at MIT and elsewhere has developed a neural network, a form of artificial intelligence (AI), that can do much the same thing, at least to a limited extent: It can read scientific papersand render a plain-English summary in a sentence or two. [26] To address this gap in the existing literature, a team of researchers at SRI International has created a human-AI image guessing game inspired by the popular game 20 Questions (20Q), which can be used to evaluate the helpfulness of machine explanations. [25]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[805] viXra:1904.0396 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-20 11:32:24

Robots with Communication Skills

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

Researchers at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology have recently proposed a neurorobotics approach that could aid the development of robots with advanced communication capabilities. [27] Now, a team of scientists at MIT and elsewhere has developed a neural network, a form of artificial intelligence (AI), that can do much the same thing, at least to a limited extent: It can read scientific papersand render a plain-English summary in a sentence or two. [26]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[804] viXra:1904.0336 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-18 01:21:20

AI for Fusion Energy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 56 Pages.

Artificial intelligence (AI), a branch of computer science that is transforming scientific inquiry and industry, could now speed the development of safe, clean and virtually limitless fusion energy for generating electricity. [32] Using machine-learning and an integrated photonic chip, researchers from INRS (Canada) and the University of Sussex (UK) can now customize the properties of broadband light sources. [31] A team of EPFL scientists has now written a machine-learning program that can predict, in record time, how atoms will respond to an applied magnetic field. [30] Researchers from the University of Luxembourg, Technische Universität Berlin, and the Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society have combined machine learning and quantum mechanics to predict the dynamics and atomic interactions in molecules. [29] For the first time, physicists have demonstrated that machine learning can reconstruct a quantum system based on relatively few experimental measurements. [28] AlphaZero plays very unusually; not like a human, but also not like a typical computer. Instead, it plays with "real artificial" HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/intelligence/" intelligence. [27] Predictions for an AI-dominated future are increasingly common, but Antoine Blondeau has experience in reading, and arguably manipulating, the runes-he helped develop technology that evolved into predictive texting and Apple's Siri. [26] Artificial intelligence can improve health care by analyzing data from apps, smartphones and wearable technology. [25] Now, researchers at Google's DeepMind have developed a simple algorithm to handle such reasoning-and it has already beaten humans at a complex image comprehension test. [24] A marimba-playing robot with four arms and eight sticks is writing and playing its own compositions in a lab at the Georgia Institute of Technology. The pieces are generated using artificial intelligence and deep learning. [23] Now, a team of researchers at MIT and elsewhere has developed a new approach to such computations, using light instead of electricity, which they say could vastly improve the speed and efficiency of certain deep learning computations. [22]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[803] viXra:1904.0335 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-18 01:40:01

Machine Learning Microcapsules

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 58 Pages.

Micro-encapsulated CO2 sorbents (MECS)-tiny, reusable capsules full of a sodium carbonate solution that can absorb carbon dioxide from the air-are a promising technology for capturing carbon from the atmosphere. [33] Artificial intelligence (AI), a branch of computer science that is transforming scientific inquiry and industry, could now speed the development of safe, clean and virtually limitless fusion energy for generating electricity. [32] Using machine-learning and an integrated photonic chip, researchers from INRS (Canada) and the University of Sussex (UK) can now customize the properties of broadband light sources. [31] A team of EPFL scientists has now written a machine-learning program that can predict, in record time, how atoms will respond to an applied magnetic field. [30] Researchers from the University of Luxembourg, Technische Universität Berlin, and the Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society have combined machine learning and quantum mechanics to predict the dynamics and atomic interactions in molecules. [29] For the first time, physicists have demonstrated that machine learning can reconstruct a quantum system based on relatively few experimental measurements. [28] AlphaZero plays very unusually; not like a human, but also not like a typical computer. Instead, it plays with "real artificial" HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/intelligence/" intelligence. [27] Predictions for an AI-dominated future are increasingly common, but Antoine Blondeau has experience in reading, and arguably manipulating, the runes-he helped develop technology that evolved into predictive texting and Apple's Siri. [26] Artificial intelligence can improve health care by analyzing data from apps, smartphones and wearable technology. [25] Now, researchers at Google's DeepMind have developed a simple algorithm to handle such reasoning-and it has already beaten humans at a complex image comprehension test. [24] A marimba-playing robot with four arms and eight sticks is writing and playing its own compositions in a lab at the Georgia Institute of Technology. The pieces are generated using artificial intelligence and deep learning. [23]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[802] viXra:1904.0239 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-12 11:49:25

Human Brain Cloud Interface

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

Imagine a future technology that would provide instant access to the world's knowledge and artificial intelligence, simply by thinking about a specific topic or question. [27] Just like living ecosystems, web services form a complex artificial system consisting of tags and the user-generated media associated with them, such as photographs, movies and web pages. [26]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[801] viXra:1904.0230 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-13 04:43:26

Artificial Intelligence Singles Out Neurons

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

Biomedical engineers at Duke University have developed an automated process that can trace the shapes of active neurons as accurately as human researchers can, but in a fraction of the time. [28] Imagine a future technology that would provide instant access to the world's knowledge and artificial intelligence, simply by thinking about a specific topic or question. [27] Just like living ecosystems, web services form a complex artificial system consisting of tags and the user-generated media associated with them, such as photographs, movies and web pages. [26]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[800] viXra:1904.0220 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-11 17:45:53

Ethics in Ai: the force of Good

Authors: James Sandy
Comments: 2 Pages. This just the abstract of the work

Artificial Intelligence has both its good side and its wrong side. and in a country like nigeria when migrants get to know the value and use of it, it may be used to affect Elections, Decisions of public and all manner of evil it can also be used to create solutions to petinent problems. so as to this there should be a code of conduct, a guideline, a moda operandi which should be instill in all Researchers and Developers in this field. Just like the medical practitioners have a pledge which guides its members so should they be in the field of Artificial Intelligence. I strongly advise that educating the Developers and researchers in this field about the Good conducts and its after effects and also the Bad conduct and its after effect will really prevent ​ Abuse. Ai is a very powerful force which i believe should be used for the sole purpose of good, for human development and making the world a better place not to create sophisticated weapons or robots which will be harmful to humans. The general of it all is not to use AI in a way that it will be a treat to human life but for
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[799] viXra:1904.0212 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-12 04:00:41

AI Agent Explain its Action

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

Georgia Institute of Technology researchers, in collaboration with Cornell University and University of Kentucky, have developed an artificially intelligent (AI) agent that can automatically generate natural language explanations in real-time to convey the motivations behind its actions. [25] The New York Times contacted IBM Research in late September asking for our help to use AI in a clever way to create art for the coming special section on AI. [24]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[798] viXra:1904.0210 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-12 05:14:30

Open-Ended Web Services

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

Just like living ecosystems, web services form a complex artificial system consisting of tags and the user-generated media associated with them, such as photographs, movies and web pages. [26] Georgia Institute of Technology researchers, in collaboration with Cornell University and University of Kentucky, have developed an artificially intelligent (AI) agent that can automatically generate natural language explanations in real-time to convey the motivations behind its actions. [25] The New York Times contacted IBM Research in late September asking for our help to use AI in a clever way to create art for the coming special section on AI. [24]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[797] viXra:1904.0202 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-10 10:33:25

AI to Understand Collective Behavior

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

Looking ahead, Thomas Müller believes that future research in this area will benefit from large data sets on animals, such as schools of fish with their dynamic behavioural patterns. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society (CNS), cognitive neuroscientists increasingly are using those emerging artificial networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[796] viXra:1904.0200 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-10 11:48:45

IBM AI Work in Human Resources

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 35 Pages.

IBM CEO Ginni Rometty touted IBM's successful use of AI for leading the workforce at CNBC's @ Work Talent + HR Summit. She sat down with Jon Fortt and delivered some impressive numbers on how the IBM's AI tool helped the company. [21] Looking ahead, Thomas Müller believes that future research in this area will benefit from large data sets on animals, such as schools of fish with their dynamic behavioural patterns. [20]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[795] viXra:1904.0172 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-08 09:44:41

Hierarchical RNN-Based Model

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

Researchers at Shanghai University have recently developed a new approach based on recurrent neural networks (RNNs) to predict scene graphs from images. [20] Computer scientists at Carnegie Mellon University say neural networks and supervised machine learning techniques can efficiently characterize cells that have been studied using single cell RNA-sequencing (scRNA-seq). [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase-a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14] Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University used a light-sensitive iridium-palladium catalyst to make "sequential" polymers, using visible light to change how building blocks are combined into polymer chains. [13] Researchers have fused living and non-living cells for the first time in a way that allows them to work together, paving the way for new applications. [12] UZH researchers have discovered a previously unknown way in which proteins interact with one another and cells organize themselves. [11] Dr Martin Sweatman from the University of Edinburgh's School of Engineering has discovered a simple physical principle that might explain how life started on Earth. [10] Nearly 75 years ago, Nobel Prize-winning physicist Erwin Schrödinger wondered if the mysterious world of quantum mechanics played a role in biology.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[794] viXra:1904.0119 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-05 08:13:02

Machine Learning Molecular Water

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 39 Pages.

A new study from the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory has achieved a breakthrough in the effort to mathematically represent how water behaves. [26] A new tool is drastically changing the face of chemical research-artificial intelligence. In a new paper published in Nature, researchers review the rapid progress in machine learning for the chemical sciences. [25] A new type of artificial-intelligence-driven chemistry could revolutionise the way molecules are discovered, scientists claim. [24] Tired of writing your own boring code for new software? Finally, there's an AI that can do it for you. [23] Welcome to Move Mirror, where you move in front of your webcam. [22] Understanding how a robot will react under different conditions is essential to guaranteeing its safe operation. [21] Marculescu, along with ECE Ph.D. student Chieh Lo, has developed a machine learning algorithm-called MPLasso-that uses data to infer associations and interactions between microbes in the GI microbiome. [20] A team of researchers from the University of Muenster in Germany has now demonstrated that this combination is extremely well suited to planning chemical syntheses-so-called retrosyntheses-with unprecedented efficiency. [19] Two physicists at ETH Zurich and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have developed a novel machine-learning algorithm that analyses large data sets describing a physical system and extract from them the essential information needed to understand the underlying physics. [18]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[793] viXra:1904.0072 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-03 08:42:09

AI Treatment of Brain Tumors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

A team from Heidelberg University Hospital and the German Cancer Research Centre has developed a new method for the automated image analysis of brain tumors. [25] And if that isn't surprising enough, try this one: in many cases, doctors have no idea what side effects might arise from adding another drug to a patient's personal pharmacy. [24] Intel's Gadi Singer believes his most important challenge is his latest: using artificial intelligence (AI) to reshape scientific exploration. [23]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[792] viXra:1904.0071 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-03 09:23:23

Machines Reason About They See

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

To give computers the ability to reason more like us, artificial intelligence (AI) researchers are returning to abstract, or symbolic, programming. [26] A team from Heidelberg University Hospital and the German Cancer Research Centre has developed a new method for the automated image analysis of brain tumors. [25] And if that isn't surprising enough, try this one: in many cases, doctors have no idea what side effects might arise from adding another drug to a patient's personal pharmacy. [24]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[791] viXra:1904.0021 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-01 08:45:02

An Attempt to Create Self-Conscious Artificial Intelligence

Authors: Ui-yeong Jeong
Comments: 23 pages, 7 figures, language: Korean (Important part of core code 1 is also written in English.)

Self-conscious Artificial Intelligence refers to artificial intelligence that has a 'finished personality', that actively thinks and acts like a person. In this paper, I describe the whole structure and four core codes to create the self-consciousness by referring to the collective unconsciousness, concept about the reincarnation of the Buddhism, the philosophy of the soul that I think. The entire structure is hierarchical and the four core codes are involved in all tiers. The purpose of this paper is not the result of learning. The purpose of this study is to see changes in the process of learning as experiences and to derive an artificial singularity through accumulation of the experiences. Suggesting the possibility of ultimately creating self-consciousness through initial design based on techniques such as intentionally using "Vanishing Gradient".
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[790] viXra:1903.0558 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-30 07:40:52

Planets Discovered Using AI

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

Astronomers at The University of Texas at Austin, in partnership with Google, have used artificial intelligence (AI) to uncover two more hidden planets in the Kepler space telescope archive. [27] Oceanographers studying the physics of the global ocean have long found themselves facing a conundrum: Fluid dynamical balances can vary greatly from point to point, rendering it difficult to make global generalizations. [26] The analysis of sensor data of machines, plants or buildings makes it possible to detect anomalous states early and thus to avoid further damage. [25] Physicists in the US have used machine learning to determine the phase diagram of a system of 12 idealized quantum particles to a higher precision than ever before. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning-a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data-with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[789] viXra:1903.0552 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-30 09:37:31

Artificial Intelligence Pioneers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

But making those quantum leaps from science fiction to reality required hard work from computer scientists like Yoshua Bengio, Geoffrey Hinton and Yann LeCun. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning-a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data-with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[788] viXra:1903.0551 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-30 09:57:03

Machine Learning Self-Driving Cars

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

Working with researchers from Arizona State University, the team's new mathematical method is able to identify anomalies or bugs in the system before the car hits the road. [26] A research team at The University of Tokyo has developed a powerful machine learning algorithm that predicts the properties and structures of unknown samples from an electron spectrum. [25] Researchers have mathematically proven that a powerful classical machine learning algorithm should work on quantum computers. [24]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[787] viXra:1903.0514 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-28 10:57:39

Deep Learning Proteins

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

Researchers at the US Department of Energy's (DOE's) Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) employed a suite of deep-learning techniques to identify and observe these temporary yet notable structures. [32] As part of a team of scientists from IBM and New York University, my colleagues and I are looking at new ways AI could be used to help ophthalmologists and optometrists further utilize eye images, and potentially help to speed the process for detecting glaucoma in images. [31] A team of EPFL scientists has now written a machine-learning program that can predict, in record time, how atoms will respond to an applied magnetic field. [30] Researchers from the University of Luxembourg, Technische Universität Berlin, and the Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society have combined machine learning and quantum mechanics to predict the dynamics and atomic interactions in molecules. [29] For the first time, physicists have demonstrated that machine learning can reconstruct a quantum system based on relatively few experimental measurements. [28] AlphaZero plays very unusually; not like a human, but also not like a typical computer. Instead, it plays with "real artificial" intelligence. [27] Predictions for an AI-dominated future are increasingly common, but Antoine Blondeau has experience in reading, and arguably manipulating, the runes-he helped develop technology that evolved into predictive texting and Apple's Siri. [26] Artificial intelligence can improve health care by analyzing data from apps, smartphones and wearable technology. [25] Now, researchers at Google's DeepMind have developed a simple algorithm to handle such reasoning-and it has already beaten humans at a complex image comprehension test. [24] A marimba-playing robot with four arms and eight sticks is writing and playing its own compositions in a lab at the Georgia Institute of Technology. The pieces are generated using artificial intelligence and deep learning. [23] Now, a team of researchers at MIT and elsewhere has developed a new approach to such computations, using light instead of electricity, which they say could vastly improve the speed and efficiency of certain deep learning computations. [22]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[786] viXra:1903.0509 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-28 21:11:52

Evidential Divergence Measures in Dempster–Shafer Theory

Authors: Fuyuan Xiao
Comments: 3 Pages.

The Dempster–Shafer evidence (DSE) theory, as a generalization of the Bayes probability theory, has more capability to handle the uncertainty in the decision-making problems. In the DSE theory, however, how to measure the divergence between basic belief assignments (BBAs) is still an open issue which has attracted many attentions. On account of this point, in this paper, new evidential divergence measures are developed to measure the difference between BBAs in the DSE theory, called as EDMs. The EDMs consider both of the correlations between BBAs and the subset of set of BBAs, respectively. Consequently, they can provide a much more convincing and effective way to measure the discrepancy between BBAs. In a word, the EDMs as the generalization of the divergence measures in the Bayes probability theory have the universal applicabilities. Additionally, a new Belief–Jensen–Shannon divergence measure is derived based on the EDMs, in which different weights can be assigned to the BBAs involved, so that it provides a promising solution to be applied in solving the problems of decision-making. Finally, numerical examples are illustrated that the proposed methods are more feasible and reasonable to measure the divergence between BBAs in the DSE theory.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[785] viXra:1903.0506 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-29 05:27:42

Consciousness of AI is Logically Nothing —Towards a Truly Thinking Machine—

Authors: Atsushi Shimotani
Comments: 1 Page.

Consciousness of AI is logically nothing.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[784] viXra:1903.0496 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-27 09:43:55

Machine Learning Material Classification

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

A research team at The University of Tokyo has developed a powerful machine learning algorithm that predicts the properties and structures of unknown samples from an electron spectrum. [25] Researchers have mathematically proven that a powerful classical machine learning algorithm should work on quantum computers. [24] Researchers at Oregon State University have used deep learning to decipher which ribonucleic acids have the potential to encode proteins. [23]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[783] viXra:1903.0424 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-23 09:29:24

Contextual Transformation of Short Text for Improved Classifiability

Authors: Anirban Chatterjee, Smaranya Dey, Uddipto Dutta
Comments: 5 Pages.

Text classification is the task of automatically sorting a set of documents into predefined set of categories. This task has several applications including separating positive and negative product reviews by customers, automated indexing of scientific articles, spam filtering and many more. What lies at the core of this problem is to extract features from text data which can be used for classification. One of the common techniques to address this problem is to represent text data as low dimensional continuous vectors such that the semantically unrelated data are well separated from each other. However, sometimes the variability along various dimensions of these vectors is irrelevant as they are dominated by various global factors which are not specific to the classes we are interested in. This irrelevant variability often causes difficulty in classification. In this paper, we propose a technique which takes the initial vectorized representation of the text data through a process of transformation which amplifies relevant variability and suppresses irrelevant variability and then employs a classifier on the transformed data for the classification task. The results show that the same classifier exhibits better accuracy on the transformed data than the initial vectorized representation of text data.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[782] viXra:1903.0416 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-23 12:35:56

Machine Learning about Earth

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

"You could imagine someone training a many-layer, deep neural network to do earthquake prediction-and then not testing the method in a way that properly validates its predictive value." [27] Oceanographers studying the physics of the global ocean have long found themselves facing a conundrum: Fluid dynamical balances can vary greatly from point to point, rendering it difficult to make global generalizations. [26] The analysis of sensor data of machines, plants or buildings makes it possible to detect anomalous states early and thus to avoid further damage. [25] Physicists in the US have used machine learning to determine the phase diagram of a system of 12 idealized quantum particles to a higher precision than ever before. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning-a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data-with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[781] viXra:1903.0412 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-22 08:46:46

Faster and Simpler Deep Learning

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

Artificial intelligence systems based on deep learning are changing the electronic devices that surround us. [26] A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Germany and the U.S. has developed a deep learning algorithm that can be used for motion capture of animals of any kind. [25] In 2016, when we inaugurated our new IBM Research lab in Johannesburg, we took on this challenge and are reporting our first promising results at Health Day at the KDD Data Science Conference in London this month. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning-a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data-with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[780] viXra:1903.0403 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-21 08:25:56

Machine Learning World's Oceans

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

Oceanographers studying the physics of the global ocean have long found themselves facing a conundrum: Fluid dynamical balances can vary greatly from point to point, rendering it difficult to make global generalizations. [26] The analysis of sensor data of machines, plants or buildings makes it possible to detect anomalous states early and thus to avoid further damage. [25] Physicists in the US have used machine learning to determine the phase diagram of a system of 12 idealized quantum particles to a higher precision than ever before. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning-a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data-with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[779] viXra:1903.0370 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-21 01:14:08

[coqtp – Q*cert Ocaml Python Gan] as an Informatics & Computing Platform in the Context of Cryo-em Image Processing & Big Data Research.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 4 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

[CoqTP – q*cert- Ocaml- Python - GAN] as an Informatics & Computing Platform in the Context of cryo-EM Image Processing & BIG DATA Research. Importance of GAN & Theorem Provers For Better cryo-EM Image Processing/IoT/HPC.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[778] viXra:1903.0341 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-18 09:46:04

Organic Principal Component Analysis

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

Researchers at A*STAR have compared six data-analysis processes and come up with a clear winner in terms of speed, quality of analysis and reliability. [25] Researchers at Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light and Friedrich Alexander University in Erlangen, Germany have recently demonstrated that a molecule can be turned into a coherent two-level quantum system. [24] Researchers at the University of Dundee have provided important new insights into the regulation of cell division, which may ultimately lead to a better understanding of cancer progression. [23]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[777] viXra:1903.0310 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-17 01:43:24

A Right Representation of the Completeness Theorem of Propositional Logic —Towards a Truly Thinking Machine—

Authors: Atsushi Shimotani
Comments: 1 Page.

The calculation of the truth function of a propositional formula is a kind of proof.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[776] viXra:1903.0298 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-15 12:07:10

Adaptive Machine Learning

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 88 Pages.

Over the past few decades, many studies conducted in the field of learning science have reported that scaffolding plays an important role in human learning. [47] The researchers trained generative competitive networks to predict the behavior of charged elementary particles. The results showed that physical phenomena can be described using neural networks highly accurately. [46] New data from the STAR experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) add detail-and complexity-to an intriguing puzzle that scientists have been seeking to solve: how the building blocks that make up a proton contribute to its spin. [45] Approximately one year ago, a spectacular dive into Saturn ended NASA's Cassini mission-and with it a unique, 13-year research expedition to the Saturnian system. [44] Scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, and their colleagues from the international ALICE collaboration recently collided xenon nuclei, in order to gain new insights into the properties of the Quark-Gluon Plasma (the QGP)-the matter that the universe consisted of up to a microsecond after the Big Bang. [43] The energy transfer processes that occur in this collisionless space plasma are believed to be based on wave-particle interactions such as particle acceleration by plasma waves and spontaneous wave generation, which enable energy and momentum transfer. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning-all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[775] viXra:1903.0297 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-15 12:37:50

AI for the Study of Sites

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 89 Pages.

This method can be used as a starting point in Taphonomy when analyzing remains in sites whose preservation does not allow distinguishing who accumulated the assemblages through the analysis of the cut or tooth marks left on the surface of the bones. [48] Over the past few decades, many studies conducted in the field of learning science have reported that scaffolding plays an important role in human learning. [47] The researchers trained generative competitive networks to predict the behavior of charged elementary particles. The results showed that physical phenomena can be described using neural networks highly accurately. [46] New data from the STAR experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) add detail-and complexity-to an intriguing puzzle that scientists have been seeking to solve: how the building blocks that make up a proton contribute to its spin. [45] Approximately one year ago, a spectacular dive into Saturn ended NASA's Cassini mission-and with it a unique, 13-year research expedition to the Saturnian system. [44] Scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, and their colleagues from the international ALICE collaboration recently collided xenon nuclei, in order to gain new insights into the properties of the Quark-Gluon Plasma (the QGP)-the matter that the universe consisted of up to a microsecond after the Big Bang. [43] The energy transfer processes that occur in this collisionless space plasma are believed to be based on wave-particle interactions such as particle acceleration by plasma waves and spontaneous wave generation, which enable energy and momentum transfer. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning-all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[774] viXra:1903.0283 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-14 10:24:06

Machine Learning Quantum Advantage

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

We are still far off from achieving Quantum Advantage for machine learning-the point at which quantum computers surpass classical computers in their ability to perform AI algorithms. [25] Physicists in the US have used machine learning to determine the phase diagram of a system of 12 idealized quantum particles to a higher precision than ever before. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning-a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data-with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[773] viXra:1903.0279 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-14 12:31:27

Учение о системах и структурах организаций

Authors: Попов Борис Михайлович
Comments: 86 Pages. «Концерн «СОЗВЕЗДИЕ». – Воронеж, 2009. – 86 с. ISВN 978-5-900777-19-1

В монографии излагается учение об организациях, системах и структурах, базирующееся на представлении об их контекстной зависимости, как теоретических понятий, так и взаимообусловленности их существования в коммуникативном мире, как целостной триады. В рамках используемой автором теоретической платформы, − тринитарной парадигмы, несколько иное видение, по отношению к традиционному, получают понятия «информация» и «энергия». Книга рассчитана на широкий круг читателей, интересующихся проблемами организации и самоорганизации. Требования к исходным знаниям невысоки. Необходимые для понимания содержания книги сведения по математике, физике и биологии, даются по ходу изложения, которое проиллюстрировано многочисленными примерами, облегчающими усвоение прочитанного материала. Читателю гарантируется стремительный рост знаний с продвижением от первого абзаца к последнему. Может рассматриваться преподавателями технических вузов на предмет использования в качестве дополнительного учебного пособия для студентов, осваивающих курсы дисциплин проектирования организационно сложных комплексов. В т. ч. проектирования, с использованием нанотехнологий.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[772] viXra:1903.0275 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-14 18:28:01

Artificial Intelligent Vehicle Speed Control System Using RF Technology

Authors: Saurabh S. Kore, Kanchan Y. Hanwate, Ashwin S. Moon, Hemant P. Chavan
Comments: 4 Pages.

Traffic congestion nowadays leads to a strong degradation of the network infrastructure and the high number of the vehicle which is caused by the population. With an increase in the number of vehicles and transportation demand, traffic congestion occurs. Conventional techniques are unable to handle variable flow with time. Hence the accident ratio is increases We all know that in order to control traffic and for the safety of the public, traffic signals are used. These signals are generally seen where two or more roads are connected to each other. These traffic signal rules are not generally followed by the people either due to lack of attention or due to speeding of vehicles which causes accidents frequently. Though accidents due to lack of attention to traffic signal cannot be avoided but accidents due to speeding of vehicles near traffic signals could be avoided. In order to avoid such kind of accidents near traffic signals; ‘smart signal system’ should be introduced. This system takes the total control of the vehicle in its own band. This project consists of two separate modules, i.e. transmitter and receiver. The transmitter will be attached to signals and receiver will be attached to vehicles. The information in the form of signals are sent by the system and they are received by the receiver attached to the vehicle. The vehicle control unit automatically alerts the driver and reduces the speed automatically. This system takes total control of vehicles for a few seconds. The proposed technique uses a small system to avoid accidents and hence safety is achieved.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[771] viXra:1903.0272 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-15 03:43:08

Organic Network Control Systems Challenges in Building a Generic Solution for Network Protocol Optimisation

Authors: Matthias Bloch
Comments: 7 Pages.

In the last years many approaches for dynamic protocol adaption in networks have been made and proposed. Most of them deal with a particular environment, but a much more desired approach would be to design a generic solution for this problem. Creating an independent system regarding the network type it operates in and therefore the protocol type that needs to be adapted is a big issue. In this paper we want to discuss certain problems that come with this task and why they have to be taken into account when it comes to designing such a generic system. At first we will see a generic architecture approach for such a system followed by a comparison of currently existing Organic Network Control Systems for adapting protocols in a Mobile Ad-hoc network and a Peer-to-Peer network. After identifying major problems we will summarize and evaluate the achieved results.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[770] viXra:1903.0268 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-15 06:05:04

Some Models in the Context of Cryo-em Image Processing Applications – a Simple & Novel Suggestion Using [biips/dlib Ml/quantum Device] – as Next Generation Intelligent Electron Microscopy Informatics Platform.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

Some Models in the context of cryo-EM Image Processing Applications – A Simple & Novel Suggestion Using - [BIIPS/dlib ML/quantum Device] – as Next Generation Intelligent Electron Microscopy Informatics Platform.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[769] viXra:1903.0265 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-15 07:17:30

AI Predict Elementary Particle Signals

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 87 Pages.

The researchers trained generative competitive networks to predict the behavior of charged elementary particles. The results showed that physical phenomena can be described using neural networks highly accurately. [46] New data from the STAR experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) add detail-and complexity-to an intriguing puzzle that scientists have been seeking to solve: how the building blocks that make up a proton contribute to its spin. [45] Approximately one year ago, a spectacular dive into Saturn ended NASA's Cassini mission-and with it a unique, 13-year research expedition to the Saturnian system. [44] Scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, and their colleagues from the international ALICE collaboration recently collided xenon nuclei, in order to gain new insights into the properties of the Quark-Gluon Plasma (the QGP)-the matter that the universe consisted of up to a microsecond after the Big Bang. [43] The energy transfer processes that occur in this collisionless space plasma are believed to be based on wave-particle interactions such as particle acceleration by plasma waves and spontaneous wave generation, which enable energy and momentum transfer. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning-all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40] The authors designed a mechanism based on the deployment of a transport barrier to confine the particles and prevent them from moving from one region of the accelerator to another.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[768] viXra:1903.0262 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-13 09:19:44

AI Solve Quantum Mysteries

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

Under the direction of Mobileye founder Amnon Shashua, a research group at Hebrew University of Jerusalem's School of Engineering and Computer Science has proven that artificial intelligence (AI) can help us understand the world on an infinitesimally small scale called quantum physics phenomena. [27] Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology teamed up with colleagues from the U.S. and Switzerland and returned the state of a quantum computer a fraction of a second into the past. [26]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[767] viXra:1903.0260 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-13 10:36:13

Current Trends in Extended Classifier System

Authors: Zeshan Murtza
Comments: 5 Pages.

Learning is a way which improves our ability to solve problems related to the environment surrounding us. Extended Classifier System (XCS) is a learning classifier system that use reinforcement learning mechanism to solve complex problems with robust performance. It is an accuracy-based system that works by observing environment, taking input from it and applying suitable actions. Every action of XCS gets a feedback in return from the environment which is used to improve its performance. It also has ability to apply genetic algorithm (GA) on existing classifiers and create new ones by taking cross-over and mutation which have better performance. XCS handles single step and multi-step problems by using different methods like Q-learning mechanism. The ultimate challenge of XCS is to design an implementation which arrange multiple components in a unique way to produce compact and comprehensive solution in a least amount of time. Real time implementation requires flexibility for modifications and uniqueness to cover all aspects. XCS has recently been modified for real input values and a memory management system is also introduced which enhance its ability in different kind of applications like data mining, control stock exchange. In this article, there will be a brief discussion about the parameter and components of XCS. Main part of this article will cover the extended versions of XCS with further improvements and focus on applications, usage in real environment and relationship with organic computing
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[766] viXra:1903.0236 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-12 15:13:02

Resolving Limits of Organic Systems in Large Scale Environments: Evaluate Benefits of Holonic Systems Over Classical Approaches

Authors: Claudio Schmidt
Comments: 5 Pages.

With the rapidly increasing number of devices and application components interacting with each other within larger complex systems, classical system hierarchies increasingly hit their limit when it comes to highly scalable and possibly fluctual organic systems. The holonic approach for self-* systems states to solve some of these problems. In this paper, limits of different state-of-the-art technologies and possible solutions to those will be identified and ranked for scalability, privacy, reliability and performance under fluctuating conditions. Subsequently, the idea and structure of holonic systems will be outlined, and how to utilize the previously described solutions combined in a holonic environment to resolve those limits. Furthermore, they will be classified in the context of current multi-agent-systems (MAS). The focus of this work is located in the area of smart energy grids and similar structures, however an outlook sketches a few further application scenarios for holonic structures.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[765] viXra:1903.0223 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-11 09:03:33

Comparing Anytime Learning to Organic Computing

Authors: Thomas Dangl
Comments: 5 Pages.

In environments where finding the best solution to a given problem is computationally infeasible or undesirable due to other restrictions, the approach of anytime learning has become the de facto standard. Anytime learning allows intelligent systems to adapt and remain operational in a constantly changing environment. Based on observation of the environment, the underlying simulation model is changed to fit the task and the learning process begins anew. This process is expected to never terminate, therefore continually improving the set of available strategies. Optimal management of uncertainty in tasks, which require a solution in real time, can be achieved by assuming faulty yet improving output. Properties of such a system are not unlike those present in organic systems. This article aims to give an introduction to anytime learning in general as well as to show the similarities to organic computing in regards to the methods and strategies used in both domains.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[764] viXra:1903.0215 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-11 13:40:21

Performance Measurement of Multi-Agent Systems

Authors: Muhammad Mohiuddin
Comments: 7 Pages.

A multi-agent system can greatly increase performance and reliability of a system due to several reasons like distributed nature, responsiveness to environment, and the ability for reuse. These characteristics are associated with multi-agent systems due to their flexible and intelligent nature. All these capabilities do not come without challenges. One of the biggest challenges that arises due to the dynamic behavior of multi-agent systems is the difficulty to quantify their reliability and dependability, or in other words performance. This article discusses agents and multi-agent systems, their classification according design parameters, multiple methods of performance quantization, and factors which affect them.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[763] viXra:1903.0202 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-12 05:57:39

The Halting Problem of Turing is Nonsense —Towards a Truly Thinking Machine—

Authors: Atsushi Shimotani
Comments: 1 Page.

The halting problem of Turing is nonsense. The program will halt if the input is the self. It is not contradiction.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[762] viXra:1903.0189 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-10 16:07:44

Using Self-Awareness in Decentralized Computing Systems

Authors: Florian Maier
Comments: 4 Pages

The term self-awareness in technological systems has been discussed many years now. There is no commonly agreed definition of the term self-aware in biological or psychological meaning therefore there are many different definitions all stating different aspects and levels of what we call self-aware in the biological world. In addition the system should be characterized by properties such as: robustness, decentralization, flexibility and self-adapting. In the past this was often achieved by designing good and robust but also complex algorithms which often lead to unnecessary overhead and hard to fix runtime bugs. Using self-aware components can turn such algorithmic systems into organic computing systems, offering better scalability, more robustness of the global state and less unnecessary overhead in the communication between different components in the decentralized system. On the counterpart such a system might work in a way that cannot be fully understood by humans in a reasonable time leading to other problems such as trust issues in the system or unwanted behavior in the global state of the system. The goal of this article is to state out how decentralized computing systems can benefit from self-aware approaches.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[761] viXra:1903.0186 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-10 19:47:08

Advancements of Deep Q-Networks

Authors: Bastian Birkeneder
Comments: 5 Pages.

Deep Q-Networks first introduced a combination of Reinforcement Learning and Deep Neural Networks at a large scale. These Networks are capable of learning their interactions within an environment in a self-sufficient manor for a wide range of applications. Over the following years, several extensions and improvements have been developed for Deep Q-Networks. In the following paper, we present the most notable developments for Deep Q-Networks, since the initial proposed algorithm in 2013.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[760] viXra:1903.0177 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-11 04:35:04

Generalized Deng Entropy

Authors: Fan Liu, Xiaozhuan Gao, Yong Deng
Comments: 14 Pages.

Dempster-Shafer evidence theory as an extension of Probability has wideapplications in many fields. Recently, A new entropy called Deng entropywas proposed in evidence theory. Deng Entropy as an uncertain measurein evidence theory. Recently, some scholars have pointed out that DengEntropy does not satisfy the additivity in uncertain measurements. However,this irreducibility can have a huge effect. In more complex systems, thederived entropy is often unusable. Inspired by this, a generalized entropy isproposed, and the entropy implies the relationship between Deng entropy,R ́enyi entropy, Tsallis entropy.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[759] viXra:1903.0168 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-09 09:58:15

Organic Traffic Control with Dynamic Route Guidance as a Measure to Reduce Exhaust Emissions in Comparison Organic Traffic Control Mit Dynamic Route Guidance Als Maßnahme Zur Reduzierung Von Abgasemissionen im Vergleich

Authors: Christian Frank
Comments: 5 pages, 2 figures, language: German

In this paper an Organic Traffic Control system with Dynamic Route Guidance functionality is being looked at regarding its emission-reducing effect on road traffic. This system will be compared to other environmental measures, namely Low Emission Zones, driving bans and hardware upgrades, with respect to its effect on emissions and other criteria. Results from existing literature and a few calculations are used for this comparison. The sparse data allows for only a few quantitive comparisons. Qualitative comparisons show that this system has the potential to effectively lower emission in its area of effect. It reduces the quantity of all exhaust gases and additionally fuel consumption, without disadvantages for certain road users. This is not the case with the comparative measures. ----- In dieser Arbeit wird ein Organic Traffic Control System mit Dynamic Route Guidance Funktionalität hinsichtlich seiner emissionsreduzierenden Wirkung im Verkehr betrachtet. Dieses System wird mit anderen Umweltmaßnahmen, namentlich Umweltzonen, Fahrverboten und Hardwarenachrüstungen, hinsichtlich Wirkung und weiterer Kriterien verglichen. Es werden hierzu Daten und Ergebnisse aus der bestehenden Literatur verwendet und einige wenige Rechnungen durchgeführt. Die Datenlage erlaubt nur teilweise quantitative Vergleiche. Qualitativ zeigt sich, dass das System Potential bietet, effektiv innerhalb seines Installationsbereichs Emissionen zu senken. Es reduziert die Menge aller Abgase und zusätzlich den Spritverbrauch, ohne dass dabei Nachteile für bestimme Verkehrsteilnehmer entstehen. Dies ist bei den Vergleichsmaßnahmen jeweils nicht der Fall.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[758] viXra:1903.0155 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-10 05:27:02

The Principle, Communication Efficiency and Privacy Issues of Federated Learning

Authors: Hakan Uzuner
Comments: 5 Pages.

Standard machine learning approaches require a huge amount of training data to be stored centralized in order to feed the learning algorithms. Keeping and using data centralized brings many negative aspects with it. Those aspects can be inefficient communication between the centralized data center and the clients producing the data, privacy issues and quick usability of the profits and results of the training. Google’s new approach, federated learning, on the other hand tackles all these problems. The training data is kept decentralized at the client’s devices while communicating only with small updates of the common model. This method allows for optimizations of communication, keeping the privacy of users involved in the process and providing quick usability of the model’s process. In this paper I will explain how the federated learning principle works. Further on, I will give a small insight on optimization possibilities of communication efficiency as well as on privacy issues involved in machine learning processes and how those can be solved using federated learning principles. Additionally, I will show the connection between the federated learning concept and organic computing.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[757] viXra:1903.0139 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-09 00:40:07

CoqTP-OCaml-Java Based Some Important Applications – A Simple Suggestion & an Insight as Short Communication.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

CoqTP-OCaml-Java Based Some Important Applications – A Simple Suggestion & an Insight as Short Communication.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[756] viXra:1903.0138 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-09 01:41:05

A Survey on Reinforcement Learning for Dialogue Systems

Authors: Isabella Graßl
Comments: 6 Pages.

Dialogue systems are computer systems which com- municate with humans using natural language. The goal is not just to imitate human communication but to learn from these interactions and improve the system’s behaviour over time. Therefore, different machine learning approaches can be implemented with Reinforcement Learning being one of the most promising techniques to generate a contextually and semantically appropriate response. This paper outlines the current state-of- the-art methods and algorithms for integration of Reinforcement Learning techniques into dialogue systems.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[755] viXra:1903.0135 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-09 05:32:36

A Survey on Classification of Concept Drift with Stream Data

Authors: Shweta Vinayak Kadam
Comments: 7 Pages.

Usually concept drift occurs in many applications of machine learning. Detecting a concept drift is the main challenge in a data stream because of the high speed and their large size sets which are not able to fit in main memory. Here we take a small look at types of changes in concept drift. This paper discusses about methods for detecting concept drift and focuses on the problems with existing approaches by adding STAGGER, FLORA family, Decision tree methods, meta-learning methods and CD algorithms. Furthermore, classifier ensembles for change detection are discussed.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[754] viXra:1903.0133 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-07 07:07:19

Deep Learning Holography

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Digital holographic microscopy is an imaging modality that can digitally reconstruct the images of 3-D samples from a single hologram by digitally refocusing it through the entire 3-D sample volume. [27] Deep learning, which uses multi-layered artificial neural networks, is a form of machine learning that has demonstrated significant advances in many fields, including natural language processing, image/video labeling and captioning. [26]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[753] viXra:1903.0128 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-07 09:45:47

XCS-O/C: Das Extended Classifier System XCS in einer Observer/Controller Architektur

Authors: Alexander Paßberger
Comments: 7 Pages. German

Organic Computing stellt eine moderne Variante des Entwerfen autonomer Systeme dar, bei der Entscheidungen zur Laufzeit vom System selbst getroffen werden. Das Steuern der ausgeführten Aktionen benötigt in einem solchen System Möglichkeiten zur Selbstverbesserung. Ein möglicher Ansatz zur Problemlösung sind Learning Classifier Systeme, speziell das Extended Classifier System XCS. Die Arbeit liefert eine detaillierte Beschreibung der Abläufe im Extended Classifier System XCS und der nötigen Änderungen zum Integrieren in ein autonomes organisches System. Das Learning Classifier System wird hierzu in eine generische Observer/Controller-Architektur eingebettet, eine der fundamentalen Designarchitekturen im Bereich Organic Computing.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[752] viXra:1903.0127 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-07 10:01:05

AI Ask for Human Help

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

This is a demonstration of a situation where an AI algorithm working together with a human can reap the benefits and efficiency of the AI's good decisions, without being locked into its bad ones. [33] The deep learning analysis has revealed that the extinct hominid is probably a descendant of the Neanderthal and Denisovan populations. [32] Our team at IBM Research – India collaborated with the IBM MetroPulse team to bring such first-of-a-kind, AI-driven capabilities to MetroPulse, an industry platform that brings together voluminous market, external and client datasets. [31]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[751] viXra:1903.0121 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-08 02:01:34

Online Transfer Learning and Organic Computing for Deep Space Research and Astronomy

Authors: Sadanandan Natarajan
Comments: 6 Pages.

Deep space exploration is the pillars within the field of outer space analysis and physical science. The amount of knowledge from numerous space vehicle and satellites orbiting the world of study are increasing day by day. This information collected from numerous experiences of the advanced space missions is huge. These information helps us to enhance current space knowledge and the experiences can be converted and transformed into segregated knowledge which helps us to explore and understand the realms of the deep space.. Online Transfer Learning (OTL) is a machine learning concept in which the knowledge gets transferred between the source domain and target domain in real time, in order to help train a classifier of the target domain. Online transfer learning can be an efficient method for transferring experiences and data gained from the space analysis data to a new learning task and can also routinely update the knowledge as the task evolves.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[750] viXra:1903.0120 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-08 02:36:18

A Discussion of Detection of Mutual Influences Between Socialbots in Online (Social) Networks

Authors: Stefanie Urchs
Comments: 6 Pages.

Many people organise themselves online in social networks or share knowledge in open encyclopaedias. However, these networks do not only belong to humans. A huge variety of socialbots that imitate humans inhabit these and are connected to each other. The connections between socialbots lead to mutual influences between them. If the influence socialbots have on each other are too big they adapt the behaviour of the other socialbot and get worse in imitating humans. Therefore, it is necessary to detect when socialbots are mutually influencing each other. For a better overview socialbots in the social networks Facebook, Twitter and in the open encyclopaedia Wikipedia are observed and the mutual influences between them detected. Furthermore, this paper discusses how socialbots could handle the detected influences.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[749] viXra:1903.0117 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-08 04:47:40

A Survey on Different Mechanisms to Classify Agent Behavior in a Trust Based Organic Computing Systems

Authors: Shabhrish Reddy Uddehal
Comments: 9 Pages.

Organic Computing (OC) systems vary from traditional software systems, as these systems are composed of a large number of highly interconnected and distributed subsystems. In systems like this, it is not possible to predict all possible system configurations and to plan an adequate system behavior entirely at design time. An open/decentralized desktop grid is one example, Trust mechanisms are applied on agents that show the following Self-X properties (Self-organization, Self-healing, Self-organization and so on). In this article, some mechanisms that could help in the classification of agents behavior at run time in trust-based organic computing systems are illustrated. In doing so, isolation of agents that reduce the overall systems performance is possible. Trust concept can be used on agents and then the agents will know if their interacting agents belong to the same trust community and how trustworthy are they. Trust is a significant concern in large-scale open distributed systems. Trust lies at the core of all interactions between the agents which operate in continuously varying environments. Current research leads in the area of trust in computing systems are evaluated and addressed. This article shows mechanisms discussed can successfully identify/classify groups of systems with undesired behavior.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[748] viXra:1903.0089 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-05 09:07:04

Deep Meta-Learning and Dynamic Runtime Exploitation of Knowledge Sources for Traffic Control

Authors: Sandra Ottl
Comments: 7 Pages.

In the field of machine learning and artificial intelligence, meta-learning describes how previous learning experiences can be used to increase the performance on a new task. For this purpose, it can be investigated how prior (similar) tasks have been approached and improved, and knowledge can be obtained about achieving the same goal for the new task. This paper outlines the basic meta-learning process which consists of learning meta-models from meta-data of tasks, algorithms and how these algorithms perform on the respective tasks. Further, a focus is set on how this approach can be applied and is already used in the context of deep learning. Here, meta-learning is concerned with the respective machine learning models themselves, for example how their parameters are initialised or adapted during training. Also, meta-learning is assessed from the viewpoint of Organic Computing (OC) where finding effective learning techniques that are able to handle sparse and unseen data is of importance. An alternative perspective on meta-learning coming from this domain that focuses on how an OC system can improve its behaviour with the help of external knowledge sources, is highlighted. To bridge the gap between those two perspectives, a model is proposed that integrates a deep, meta-learned traffic flow predictor into an organic traffic control (OTC) system that dynamically exploits knowledge sources during runtime.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[747] viXra:1903.0086 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-05 15:43:42

Novelty Detection Algorithms and Their Application in Industry 4.0

Authors: Christoph Stemp
Comments: 7 Pages.

Novelty detection is a very important part of Intelligent Systems. Its task is to classify the data produced by the system and identify any new or unknown pattern that were not present during the training of the model. Different algorithms have been proposed over the years using a wide variety of different technologies like probabilistic models and neural networks. Novelty detection and reaction is used to enable self*-properties in technical systems to cope with increasingly complex processes. Using the notion of Organic Computing, industrial factories are getting more and more advanced and intelligent. Machines gain the capability of self-organization, self-configuration and self-adaptation to react to outside influences. This survey paper looks at the state-of-the-art technologies used in Industry 4.0 and assesses different novelty detection algorithms and their usage in such systems. Therefore, different data-sources and consequently applications for potential novelty detection are analyzed. Three different novelty detection algorithms are then present using different underlying technologies and the applicability of these algorithms in combination with the defined scenarios is analyzed.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[746] viXra:1903.0012 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-02 04:32:21

A Survey for Testing Self-organizing, Adaptive Systems in Industry 4.0

Authors: Caterina Rotondo
Comments: 6 Pages.

Complexity in technical development increases rapidly. Regular system are no longer able to fulfill all the requirements. Organic computing systems are inspired by how complexity is mastered in nature. This leads to a fundamental change in software engineering for complex systems. Based on machine learning techniques, a system develops self*-properties which allows it to make decisions at runtime and to operate with nearly no human interaction. Testing is a part of the software engineering process to ensure the functionality and the quality of a system. But when using self-organizing, adaptive systems traditional testing approaches reach their limits. Therefore, new methods for testing such systems have to be developed. There exist already a lot of different testing approaches. Most of them developed within a research group. Nevertheless, there is still a need for further discussion and action on this topic. In this paper the challenges for testing self-organizing, adaptive systems are specified. Three different testing approaches are reviewed in detail. Due to the ongoing fourth industrial revolution it is discussed which of these approaches would fit best for testing industrial manufacturing robots.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[745] viXra:1903.0006 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-01 03:32:14

Multi-Agent Reinforcement Learning - From Game Theory to Organic Computing

Authors: Maurice Gerczuk
Comments: 6 Pages.

Complex systems consisting of multiple agents that interact both with each other as well as their environment can often be found in both nature and technical applications. This paper gives an overview of important Multi-Agent Reinforcement Learning (MARL) concepts, challenges and current research directions. It shortly introduces traditional reinforcement learning and then shows how MARL problems can be modelled as stochastic games. Here, the type of problem and the system configuration can lead to different algorithms and training goals. Key challenges such as the curse of dimensionality, choosing the right learning goal and the coordination problem are outlined. Especially, aspects of MARL that have previously been considered from a critical point of view are discussed with regards to if and how the current research has addressed these criticism or shifted their focus. The wide range of possible MARL applications is hinted at by examples from recent research. Further, MARL is assessed from an Organic Computing point of view where it takes a central role in the context of self-learning and self-adapting systems.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[744] viXra:1902.0485 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-27 08:57:46

Spiking Artificial Intelligent Devices

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

The software program works best when patched in to programs meant to train new artificial-intelligence equipment, so Whetstone doesn't have to overcome learned patterns with already established energy minimums. [26] New work leveraging machine learning could increase the efficiency of optical telecommunications networks. [25] Physicists in the US have used machine learning to determine the phase diagram of a system of 12 idealized quantum particles to a higher precision than ever before. [24]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[743] viXra:1902.0464 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-26 07:46:55

Philosophically an Incomplete Theorem Is Trivial —Towards a Truly Thinking Machine—

Authors: Atsushi Shimotani
Comments: 1 Page.

I think that an incomplete theorem is trivial.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[742] viXra:1902.0445 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-25 05:47:46

Selfgan-not a Gan But Punch Itself

Authors: Hecong Wu
Comments: 5 Pages.

In my research, I modified the basic structure of GAN, let G and D train together, and use dynamic loss weights to achieve a relatively balanced training.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[741] viXra:1902.0442 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-25 07:18:29

Machine Learning Optical Networks

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

New work leveraging machine learning could increase the efficiency of optical telecommunications networks. [25] Physicists in the US have used machine learning to determine the phase diagram of a system of 12 idealized quantum particles to a higher precision than ever before. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning—a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data—with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[740] viXra:1902.0431 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-25 23:11:53

Higher Order Sequence Of Primes {Version 2}

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 3 Pages.

In this research manuscript, the author has presented a novel notion of Higher Order Prime Numbers.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[739] viXra:1902.0386 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-22 06:21:37

Diversity of Ensembles for Data Stream Classification

Authors: Mohamed Souhayel Abassi
Comments: 9 Pages.

When constructing a classifier ensemble, diversity among the base classifiers is one of the important characteristics. Several studies have been made in the context of standard static data, in particular when analyzing the relationship between a high ensemble predictive performance and the diversity of its components. Besides, ensembles of learning machines have been performed to learn in the presence of concept drift and adapt to it. However,diversity measureshave not received much research interest for evolving data streams. Only a few researchers directly consider promoting diversity while constructing an ensemble or rebuilding them in the moment of detecting drifts. In this paper, we present a theoretical analysis of different diversity measures and relate them to the success of ensemble learning algorithms for streaming data. The analysis provides a deeper understanding of the concept of diversity and its impact on online ensemble Learning in the presence of concept drift. More precisely, we are interested in answering the following research question; Which commonly used diversity measures are used in the context of static-data ensembles and how far are they applicable in the context of streaming data ensembles?
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[738] viXra:1902.0376 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-23 04:25:50

Neural Network Recognize Images

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Physicists from Petrozavodsk State University have proposed a new method for oscillatory neural network to recognize simple images. Such networks with an adjustable synchronous state of individual neurons have, presumably, dynamics similar to neurons in the living brain. [27] Navid Borhani, a research-team member, says this machine learning approach is much simpler than other methods to reconstruct images passed through optical fibers, which require making a holographic measurement of the output. [26]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[737] viXra:1902.0374 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-23 04:49:25

Higher Order Sequence Of Primes

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 2 Pages.

In this research manuscript, the author has presented a novel notion of Higher Order Prime Numbers.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[736] viXra:1902.0357 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-22 00:17:05

Universal Forecasting Scheme For Any Time Series Sequence Using The Ananda-Damayanthi-Radha-Rohith Rishi Sequence Trends Of Any Set Of Positive Real Numbers {Version 2)

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 8 Pages.

In this research investigation, the author has detailed the Theory Of Universal Forecasting Scheme For Any Time Series Sequence Using The Ananda-Damayanthi-Radha-Rohith Rishi Sequence Trends Of Any Set Of Positive Real Numbers.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[735] viXra:1902.0350 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-20 06:43:54

Universal Forecasting Scheme For Any Time Series Sequence Using The Ananda-Damayanthi-Radha-Rohith Rishi Sequence Trends Of Any Set Of Positive Real Numbers

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 7 Pages.

In this research investigation, the author has detailed the Theory Of Universal Forecasting Scheme For Any Time Series Sequence Using The Ananda-Damayanthi-Radha-Rohith Rishi Sequence Trends Of Any Set Of Positive Real Numbers.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[734] viXra:1902.0348 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-20 07:31:03

Machine Learning Heavy Nuclei

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 22 Pages.

A collaboration between the Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB) and the Department of Statistics and Probability (STT) at Michigan State University (MSU) estimated the boundaries of nuclear existence by applying statistical analysis to nuclear models, and assessed the impact of current and future FRIB experiments. [9] A trio of students from the University of Glasgow have developed a sophisticated artificial intelligence which could underpin the next phase of gravitational wave astronomy. [8]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[733] viXra:1902.0322 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-19 09:26:18

Cross Entropy of Belief Function

Authors: Fan Liu, Yangxue Li, Yong Deng
Comments: 12 Pages.

Dempster-Shafer evidence theory as an extension of Probability has wide applications in many fields. Recently, A new entropy called Deng entropy was proposed in evidence theory. There were a lot of discussions and applications about Deng entropy. However, there is no discussion on how to apply Deng entropy to measure the correlation between the two evidences. In this article, we first review and analyze some of the work related to mutual information. Then we propose the extension of Deng Entropy: joint Deng entropy, Conditional Deng entropy and cross Deng entropy. In addition, we prove the relevant properties of this entropy. Finally, we also proposed a method to obtain joint evidence.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[732] viXra:1902.0288 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-16 11:23:44

Genetic Programming

Authors: Domenico Oricchio
Comments: 1 Page.

I try to write a program that evolve in the time
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[731] viXra:1902.0279 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-17 03:32:56

Divergence Measure of Belief Function

Authors: Yutong Song, Yong Deng
Comments: 3 Pages.

it is important to measure the divergent or conflicting degree among pieces of information for information preprocessing in case for the unreliable results which come from the combination of conflicting bodies of evidence using Dempster's combination rules. However, how to measure the divergence of different evidence is still an open issue. In this paper, a new divergence measure of belief function based on Deng entropy is proposed in order to measure the divergence of different belief function. The divergence measure is the generalization of Kullback-Leibler divergence for probability since when the basic probability assignment (BPA) is degenerated as probability, divergence measure is equal to Kullback-Leibler divergence. Numerical examples are used to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed divergence measure.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[730] viXra:1902.0254 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-14 09:27:17

Machine Learning Plant's Secrets

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

Plants are master chemists, and Michigan State University researchers have unlocked their secret of producing specialized metabolites. [21] Marculescu, along with ECE Ph.D. student Chieh Lo, has developed a machine learning algorithm—called MPLasso—that uses data to infer associations and interactions between microbes in the GI microbiome. [20] A team of researchers from the University of Muenster in Germany has now demonstrated that this combination is extremely well suited to planning chemical syntheses—so-called retrosyntheses—with unprecedented efficiency. [19]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[729] viXra:1902.0245 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-15 04:35:12

Before We Can Find a Model, We Must Forget About Perfection

Authors: Dimiter Dobrev
Comments: 1 Page. This is a short summary.

In Reinforcement Learning we look for a model of the world. Typically, we aim to find a model which tells everything or almost everything. In other words, we hunt for a perfect model (a total determinate graph) or for an exhaustive model (Markov Decision Process). Finding such a model is an overly ambitious task and indeed a practically unsolvable problem with complex worlds. In order to solve the problem, we will replace perfect and exhaustive models with Event-Driven models.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[728] viXra:1902.0239 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-13 23:19:21

The Ananda-Damayanthi-Radha-Rohith Rishi Sequence Trends Of Any Set Of Positive Real Numbers

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 5 Pages.

In this research investigation, the author has detailed the Theory Of Holistic Decomposition Of Any Set Of Prime Number, Natural Numbers, Positive Real Numbers As One Or More Sets Each With Some Periodicity Of The Number’s Non Integral Prime Basis Position Number.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[727] viXra:1902.0236 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-13 05:05:09

Theory Of Holistic Decomposition Of Any Set Of Any Natural Numbers As One Or More Sets Each With Some Periodicity Of The Number’s Non Integral Prime Basis Position Number. {Version 4}

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 5 Pages.

In this research investigation, the author has detailed the Theory Of Holistic Decomposition Of Any Set Of Any Natural Numbers As One Or More Sets Each With Some Periodicity Of The Number’s Non Integral Prime Basis Position Number.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[726] viXra:1902.0220 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-13 03:06:19

Comments on the Book "Architects of Intelligence" by Martin Ford in the Light of the SP Theory of Intelligence

Authors: J Gerard Wolff
Comments: 49 Pages.

The book "Architects of Intelligence" by Martin Ford presents conversations about AI between the author and people who are influential in the field. This paper discusses issues described in the book in relation to features of the "SP System", meaning the "SP Theory of Intelligence" and its realisation in the "SP Computer Model". The SP System, outlined in an appendix, has the potential to solve several of the problems in AI research described in the book, and some others. Strengths and potential of the SP System, which in many cases contrast with weaknesses of deep neural networks (DNNs), include the following: the system exhibits a more favourable combination of simplicity and versatility than, arguably, any alternatives; the system has strengths and long-term potential in pattern recognition; the system appears to be free of the tendency of DNNs to make large and unexpected errors in recognition; the system has strengths and potential in unsupervised learning, including grammatical inference; the SP Theory of Intelligence provides a theoretically coherent basis for generalisation and the avoidance of under- or over-generalisations; that theory of generalisation may help driverless cars avoid accidents; the system, unlike DNNs, can achieve learning from a single occurrence or experience; the system, unlike DNNs, has relatively tiny demands for computational resources and volumes of data, with much higher speeds in learning; the system, unlike most DNNs, has strengths in transfer learning; the system, unlike DNNs, provides transparency in the representation of knowledge and an audit trail for all its processing; the system has strengths and potential in the processing of natural language; as a by-product of its design, the system exhibits several different kinds of probabilistic reasoning; the system has strengths and potential in commonsense reasoning and the representation of commonsense knowledge; other strengths of the SP System are in information compression, biological validity, scope for adaptation, and freedom from catastrophic forgetting. Despite the importance of motivations and emotions, no attempt has been made in the SP research to investigate these areas.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[725] viXra:1902.0195 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-11 08:39:31

Machine Learning Quantum Fireworks

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

A greater understanding of these behaviors could one day feed into technology, he said, such as ways to extend the reach of quantum networks across greater distances. [25] Physicists in the US have used machine learning to determine the phase diagram of a system of 12 idealized quantum particles to a higher precision than ever before. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning—a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data—with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[724] viXra:1902.0182 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-11 02:15:05

Theory Of Holistic Decomposition Of Any Set Of Any Natural Numbers As One Or More Sets Each With Some Periodicity Of The Number’s Non Integral Prime Basis Position Number {Version 2}

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 4 Pages.

In this research investigation, the author has detailed the Theory Of Holistic Decomposition Of Any Set Of Any Natural Numbers As One Or More Sets Each With Some Periodicity Of The Number’s Non Integral Prime Basis Position Number.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[723] viXra:1902.0174 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-10 00:49:30

Theory Of Holistic Decomposition Of Any Set Of Any Natural Numbers As One Or More Sets Each With Some Periodicity Of The Number’s Non Integral Prime Basis Position Number

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 4 Pages.

In this research investigation, the author has detailed the Theory Of Holistic Decomposition Of Any Set Of Any Natural Numbers As One Or More Sets Each With Some Periodicity Of The Number’s Non Integral Prime Basis Position Number.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[722] viXra:1902.0168 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-09 05:50:49

Pictionary-Like Game in Robots

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 54 Pages.

At the Allen Institute of Artificial Intelligence, a private research center perched on the north shore of Lake Union in Seattle, computer scientists are working on imbuing software with humanlike abilities to recognize images and understand language that could someday make that sort of collaboration possible. [30] A study by the Centre for Cognitive Science at TU Darmstadt shows that AI machines can indeed learn a moral compass from humans. [29] A group of researchers from MIT have already developed an AI robot that can assist in a labour room. [28]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[721] viXra:1902.0151 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-08 05:44:49

Theory Of Holistic Decomposition Of Any Set Of Given Primes As One Or More Sets Each With Some Periodicity Of The Prime Number’s Basis Position Number

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 3 Pages.

In this research investigation, the author has detailed the Theory Of Holistic Decomposition Of Any Set Of Given Primes As One Or More Sets Each With Some Periodicity Of The Prime Number’s Basis Position Number.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[720] viXra:1902.0136 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-08 03:10:15

Theory Of Decomposition Of Any Set Of Given Primes As One Or More Sets Each With Some Periodicity Of The Prime Number’s Basis Position Number

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 3 Pages.

In this research investigation, the author has detailed the Theory Of Decomposition Of Any Set Of Given Primes As One Or More Sets Each With Some Periodicity Of The Prime Number’s Basis Position Number.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[719] viXra:1902.0123 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-07 11:30:17

Moral Compass from Human Text

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

A study by the Centre for Cognitive Science at TU Darmstadt shows that AI machines can indeed learn a moral compass from humans. [29] A group of researchers from MIT have already developed an AI robot that can assist in a labour room. [28] Researchers at Fukuoka University, in Japan, have recently proposed a design methodology for configurable approximate arithmetic circuits. [27]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[718] viXra:1902.0077 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-05 02:28:35

Looking Into the Future of ai and the Embedded Systems Development with Interesting Intelligent Iot Applications Based on Specified Hardware & Software Via C/c++/ruby/ai/ml Related Concepts – a Short Technical Note

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

Looking into The Future of AI and the Embedded Systems Development With Interesting Intelligent IoT Applications based on Specified Hardware & Software via - C/C++/Ruby/AI/ML related Concepts – A Short Technical Note.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[717] viXra:1902.0046 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-03 08:35:44

1972 Proposal to Harvard for Backpropagation and Intelligent Reinforcement System

Authors: Paul Werbos
Comments: 32 Pages. What happened with this heresy from proposal to thesis is explained in Werbos (2006). Backwards differentiation in AD and neural nets: Past links and New Opportunities, In Automatic Differentiation, Springer

The great new revolution since 2010 in deep learning and machine learning based on neural networks is massively changing the world, and is a subject of great ruminations by high-level decision makers. (For example, see http://www.intelligence.senate.gov/hearings/open-hearing-worldwide-threats-hearing-1.) But the key design principles, such as backpropagation and reinforcement learning based on approximate dynamic programming (as in Alpha Go) were known, and were rejected as heresy, long ago. (See the recent book, https://www.amazon.com/Artificial-Intelligence-Neural-Networks-Computing-ebook/dp/B07K55YZRK, by the President of the International Neural Network Society, for an overview.) This paper, written in 1972 (and scanned into pdf in 2015), was the first explicit proposal for how to build a general reinforcement learning system, based on backpropagation and dynamic programming implemented through model neural networks, capable of converging to an optimal strategy of action in “any” environment informed by an understanding/model which it learns of how the environment works. Modern work uses more sophisticated language, but this effort to explain the underlying ideas in simpler language may still be of value to many. The 1974 thesis itself has been reprinted by Wiley, and has more than 4000 citations listed in scholar.google.com
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[716] viXra:1902.0033 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-02 05:01:39

Software Detect Fake News

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Fraunhofer researchers have developed a system that automatically analyzes social media posts, deliberately filtering out fake news and disinformation. [27] If you see a video of a politician speaking words he never would utter, or a Hollywood star improbably appearing in a cheap adult movie, don't adjust your television set—you may just be witnessing the future of "fake news." [26] Artificial intelligence can play chess, drive a car and diagnose medical issues. Examples include Google DeepMind's AlphaGo, Tesla's self-driving vehicles, and IBM's Watson. [25]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[715] viXra:1902.0032 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-02 05:18:09

Artificial Intelligence Harder for Hackers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

Now, two Boston University computer scientists, working with researchers at Draper, a not-for-profit engineering solutions company located in Cambridge, have developed a tool that could make it harder for hackers to find their way into networks where they don't belong. [26] IBM, home of the question-answering computer system Watson, was by far the company with the largest portfolio of AI patent applications, with a total of 8,290 inventions, followed by Microsoft with 5,930, the report showed. [25] Researchers at Aalto University and the Technical University of Denmark have developed an artificial intelligence (AI) to seriously accelerate the development of new technologies from wearable electronics to flexible solar panels. [24]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[714] viXra:1901.0473 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-31 05:39:10

Quantum Leap in Artificial Intelligence

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

IBM, home of the question-answering computer system Watson, was by far the company with the largest portfolio of AI patent applications, with a total of 8,290 inventions, followed by Microsoft with 5,930, the report showed. [25] Researchers at Aalto University and the Technical University of Denmark have developed an artificial intelligence (AI) to seriously accelerate the development of new technologies from wearable electronics to flexible solar panels. [24] Citizen science is a boon for researchers, providing reams of data about everything from animal species to distant galaxies. [23] In early 2018, with support from IBM Corporate Citizenship and the Danish Ministry for Foreign Affairs, IBM and the Danish Refugee Council (DRC) embarked on a partnership aimed squarely at the need to better understand migration drivers and evidence-based policy guidance for a range of stakeholders. [22]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[713] viXra:1901.0468 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-31 08:21:54

Efficient Evaluation of AI Models

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

Recent studies have identified the lack of robustness in current AI models against adversarial examples—intentionally manipulated prediction-evasive data inputs that are similar to normal data but will cause well-trained AI models to misbehave. [26] IBM, home of the question-answering computer system Watson, was by far the company with the largest portfolio of AI patent applications, with a total of 8,290 inventions, followed by Microsoft with 5,930, the report showed. [25] Researchers at Aalto University and the Technical University of Denmark have developed an artificial intelligence (AI) to seriously accelerate the development of new technologies from wearable electronics to flexible solar panels. [24]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[712] viXra:1901.0449 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-30 09:38:29

Artificial Intelligence ARTIST

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

Researchers at Aalto University and the Technical University of Denmark have developed an artificial intelligence (AI) to seriously accelerate the development of new technologies from wearable electronics to flexible solar panels. [24] Citizen science is a boon for researchers, providing reams of data about everything from animal species to distant galaxies. [23] In early 2018, with support from IBM Corporate Citizenship and the Danish Ministry for Foreign Affairs, IBM and the Danish Refugee Council (DRC) embarked on a partnership aimed squarely at the need to better understand migration drivers and evidence-based policy guidance for a range of stakeholders. [22]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[711] viXra:1901.0424 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-28 08:31:44

AI in Citizen Science Data

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 39 Pages.

Citizen science is a boon for researchers, providing reams of data about everything from animal species to distant galaxies. [23] In early 2018, with support from IBM Corporate Citizenship and the Danish Ministry for Foreign Affairs, IBM and the Danish Refugee Council (DRC) embarked on a partnership aimed squarely at the need to better understand migration drivers and evidence-based policy guidance for a range of stakeholders. [22]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[710] viXra:1901.0411 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-28 03:51:21

Misinformation with Deepfake Videos

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

If you see a video of a politician speaking words he never would utter, or a Hollywood star improbably appearing in a cheap adult movie, don't adjust your television set—you may just be witnessing the future of "fake news." [26] Artificial intelligence can play chess, drive a car and diagnose medical issues. Examples include Google DeepMind's AlphaGo, Tesla's self-driving vehicles, and IBM's Watson. [25] The New York Times contacted IBM Research in late September asking for our help to use AI in a clever way to create art for the coming special section on AI. [24]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[709] viXra:1901.0396 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-27 03:17:27

A Simple Introduction & Suggestion to Using BEC Theory,Statistics & Related Concepts Based on HOL/Haskell/Scala/ML/JikesRVM/HPC/DL Systems.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 4 Pages. Short Technical Notes

A Simple Introduction & Suggestion to Using BEC Theory,Statistics & Related Concepts Based on HOL/Haskell/Scala/ML/JikesRVM/HPC/DL Systems.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[708] viXra:1901.0374 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-26 04:51:58

Refutation of a Universal Operator for Interpretable Deep Convolution Networks

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 3 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only at: info@ersatz-systems dot com. See website ersatz-systems.com . (We warn troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

We evaluate a universal operator then apply the specified parameters to form operators for AND, OR, XOR, and MP (modus ponens). None are tautologous. This refutes the universal operator as proposed for interpretable deep convolution networks.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[707] viXra:1901.0372 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-25 07:00:27

Protect us from Advanced AI

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

Artificial intelligence can play chess, drive a car and diagnose medical issues. Examples include Google DeepMind's AlphaGo, Tesla's self-driving vehicles, and IBM's Watson. [25] The New York Times contacted IBM Research in late September asking for our help to use AI in a clever way to create art for the coming special section on AI. [24] Granting human rights to a computer would degrade human dignity. [23] IBM researchers are developing a new computer architecture, better equipped to handle increased data loads from artificial intelligence. [22] A computer built to mimic the brain's neural networks produces similar results to that of the best brain-simulation supercomputer software currently used for neural-signaling research, finds a new study published in the open-access journal Frontiers in Neuroscience. [21]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[706] viXra:1901.0366 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-24 21:03:15

Machine Learning Based Probing of Constraint Programming [using Dlib-Gecode] in the Context of Understanding Protein Folding Mechanisms – An Insight into Designing a Novel & Simple C++ Informatics Framework.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 4 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

Machine Learning Based Probing of Constraint Programming [using Dlib-Gecode] in the Context of Understanding Protein Folding Mechanisms – An Insight into Designing a Novel & Simple C++ Informatics Framework.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[705] viXra:1901.0361 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-25 04:14:03

A New Divergence Measure of Belief Function in D-S Evidence Theory

Authors: Fuyuan Xiao
Comments: 10 Pages.

Dempster-Shafer (D-S) evidence theory is useful to handle the uncertainty problems. In D-S evidence theory, however, how to handle the high conflict evidences is still an open issue. In this paper, a new reinforced belief divergence measure, called as RB is developed to measure the discrepancy between basic belief assignments (BBAs) in D-S evidence theory. The proposed RB divergence is the first work to consider both of the correlations between the belief functions and the subset of set of belief functions. Additionally, the RB divergence has the merits for measurement. It can provide a more convincing and effective solution to measure the discrepancy between BBAs in D-S evidence theory.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[704] viXra:1901.0344 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-23 09:16:27

Ethically Aligned AI

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 39 Pages.

At IBM Research, we have studied and assessed two ways to align AI systems to ethical principles. [23] In early 2018, with support from IBM Corporate Citizenship and the Danish Ministry for Foreign Affairs, IBM and the Danish Refugee Council (DRC) embarked on a partnership aimed squarely at the need to better understand migration drivers and evidence-based policy guidance for a range of stakeholders. [22] Scientists at the Allen Institute have used machine learning to train computers to see parts of the cell the human eye cannot easily distinguish. [21] Small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) is one of a number of biophysical techniques used for determining the structural characteristics of biomolecules. [20]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[703] viXra:1901.0330 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 08:30:24

Improving Language Model Performance with Smarter Vocabularies

Authors: Brad Jascob
Comments: 5 Pages.

In the field of Language Modeling, neural-network models have become popular due to their ability to reach low Perplexity scores. A common approach to training these models is to use a large corpus, such as the Billion Word Corpus, and restrict the vocabulary to the top-N most common words (aka tokens). The less common words are then replaced with an “unknown” token. These unknown tokens then become a single representation for all low occurrence words which may not be closely related semantically. In addition, some closely related tokens, such as numbers, may be common enough to be given a unique integer ID when we might prefer that they be combined under a single ID. In the following article, we’ll explore using part-of-speech (POS) tagging to identify word types and then use this information to create a “smarter” vocabulary. Using this smarter vocabulary, we’ll show that it achieves a lower perplexity score, for a given epoch, than a similar model using a top-N type vocabulary.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[702] viXra:1901.0324 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 10:01:00

Machine Learning Humanitarian Sector

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

In early 2018, with support from IBM Corporate Citizenship and the Danish Ministry for Foreign Affairs, IBM and the Danish Refugee Council (DRC) embarked on a partnership aimed squarely at the need to better understand migration drivers and evidence-based policy guidance for a range of stakeholders. [22] Scientists at the Allen Institute have used machine learning to train computers to see parts of the cell the human eye cannot easily distinguish. [21] Small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) is one of a number of biophysical techniques used for determining the structural characteristics of biomolecules. [20]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[701] viXra:1901.0313 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-21 06:39:40

Universal Non Causal Future Average Of A Time Series Type Sequence

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 3 Pages.

In this research investigation, the author has detailed a novel Universal Non Causal Future Average of a Time Series Type Sequence.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[700] viXra:1901.0312 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-21 06:42:30

Theoretical Model For Causal One Step Forecasting Of Any Time Series Type Sequence {Version 2}

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 3 Pages.

In this research investigation, the author has detailed the Theoretical Model For Causal One Step Forecasting Of Any Time Series Type Sequence.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[699] viXra:1901.0291 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-20 10:04:18

One Step Universal Evolution Of Any Real Positive Number

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 2 Pages.

In this research investigation, the author has detailed the Theory Of One Step Universal Evolution Of Any Real Positive Number.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[698] viXra:1901.0268 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-18 09:09:07

Refutation of the ai Experiment for a Divide the Dollar Competition

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only at: info@ersatz-systems dot com. See website ersatz-systems.com . (We warn troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

We evaluate the AI experiment for a divide the dollar competition at the June CEC2019 IEEE conference in New Zealand. The apparatus definition is not tautologous, hence refuting the experiment.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[697] viXra:1901.0250 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-17 09:16:32

AI Identifies Human Ancestor

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 59 Pages.

The deep learning analysis has revealed that the extinct hominid is probably a descendant of the Neanderthal and Denisovan populations. [32] Our team at IBM Research – India collaborated with the IBM MetroPulse team to bring such first-of-a-kind, AI-driven capabilities to MetroPulse, an industry platform that brings together voluminous market, external and client datasets. [31] For people with hearing loss, it can very difficult to understand and separate voices in noisy environments. This problem may soon be history thanks to a new groundbreaking algorithm that is designed to recognise and separate voices efficiently in unknown sound environments. [30]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[696] viXra:1901.0225 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 13:52:15

A Micro-robot With Camera to Track and Follow Objects

Authors: Gokul Krishna Srinivasan
Comments: 5 Pages.

A lot of work has been done to track a moving object with the aid of a camera. This paper describes one such technique, which can constantly track and follow moving objects. Most of the work done in this paper were referred from the work done by Nazim[4].The camera is used as a feedback sensor to help the robot follow the object. The robot system is truncated into two subsystems: vision and motion. The vision system comprises of a two-motor pan-tilt camera driving mechanism with embedded potentiometer sensor, PCI image acquisition board and PWM based DC motor driver board. The motion system is made up of a two-wheel and two-castor platform driven by servomotors with amplifiers. The system tries to demonstrate the eye tracking ability of a human when a moving object is in focus. The robot used for this purpose is Alice, the most recent model that was developed in the year 2002 has been chosen.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[695] viXra:1901.0224 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 13:55:11

Implementation, Comparison and Literature Review of Spatio-Temporal and Compressed Domains Object Detection

Authors: Gokul Krishna Srinivasan
Comments: 12 Pages.

Object detection in a moving video stream is playing a prominent role in every branch of science and research[1]. Objection detection or tracking is done by two different methods, namely, spatio-temporal domain and compressed domain. This project will deal with both the domains in order to bring out the advantages and disadvantages of each and every method in terms of complexity in computations, efficiency etc. Along with that, a detailed literature survey will also be done on the same topic. Most image and video data are stored or transmitted after compression for efficiency. Processes like pattern detection and localization typically include the extra expense of decompressing the data since most image and video processing techniques require access to the original pixel values in the spatial domain. This project performs a statistical analysis of present object detection schemes in both spatio-temporal and compressed domains. The results of multiple object detection in spatio-temporal domain are compared to those of compressed domain object detection and various evaluation results are analyzed. The comparisons will be made in the context of complexity of algorithm, efficiency and application.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[694] viXra:1901.0205 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 00:38:59

AI Help Retailers Understand Consumer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 59 Pages.

Our team at IBM Research – India collaborated with the IBM MetroPulse team to bring such first-of-a-kind, AI-driven capabilities to MetroPulse, an industry platform that brings together voluminous market, external and client datasets. [31] For people with hearing loss, it can very difficult to understand and separate voices in noisy environments. This problem may soon be history thanks to a new groundbreaking algorithm that is designed to recognise and separate voices efficiently in unknown sound environments. [30]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[693] viXra:1901.0173 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-12 08:42:58

Syndromes Data Mining

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

With every news story, the concepts of data mining healthcare information move higher still up the research and policy agenda in this area. [26] The analysis of sensor data of machines, plants or buildings makes it possible to detect anomalous states early and thus to avoid further damage. [25] Physicists in the US have used machine learning to determine the phase diagram of a system of 12 idealized quantum particles to a higher precision than ever before. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning—a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data—with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[692] viXra:1901.0166 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 13:55:00

Automated Brain Disorders Diagnosis Through Deep Neural Networks

Authors: Gabriel A. Maggiotti
Comments: 8 Pages.

In most cases, the diagnosis of brain disorders such as epilepsy is slow and requires endless visits to doctors and EEG technicians. This project aims to automate brain disorder diagnosis by using Artificial In- telligence and deep learning. Brain could have many disorders that can be detected by reading an Electroencephalography. Using an EEG device and collecting the electrical signals directly from the brain with a non- invasive procedure gives significant information about its health. Classi- fying and detecting anomalies on these signals is what currently doctors do when reading an Electroencephalography. With the right amount of data and the use of Artificial Intelligence, it could be possible to learn and classify these signals into groups like (i.e: anxiety, epilepsy spikes, etc). Then, a trained Neural Network to interpret those signals and identify evidence of a disorder to finally automate the detection and classification of those disorders found.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[691] viXra:1901.0138 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-10 10:47:06

Machine Learning Anomalies

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

The analysis of sensor data of machines, plants or buildings makes it possible to detect anomalous states early and thus to avoid further damage. [25] Physicists in the US have used machine learning to determine the phase diagram of a system of 12 idealized quantum particles to a higher precision than ever before. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning—a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data—with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[690] viXra:1901.0133 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 02:03:58

A Simple Understanding of Computational Complexity Theory & Spin Glass Theory & Ising Models Classification Based on Mathematical Concepts Using AI/ML/DL/Python Software.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 5 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

A Simple Understanding of Computational Complexity Theory & Spin Glass Theory & Ising Models Classification Based on Mathematical Concepts Using AI/ML/DL/Python Software.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[689] viXra:1901.0112 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-08 08:34:13

Artificial Neural Networks for Hearing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

For people with hearing loss, it can very difficult to understand and separate voices in noisy environments. This problem may soon be history thanks to a new groundbreaking algorithm that is designed to recognise and separate voices efficiently in unknown sound environments. [30] While researchers have taken steps to comprehensively catalogue the preferences of men and women, we still don't know which traits are the most important contributors to a person's attractiveness. [29] A group of researchers from MIT have already developed an AI robot that can assist in a labour room. [28] Researchers at Fukuoka University, in Japan, have recently proposed a design methodology for configurable approximate arithmetic circuits. [27] Researchers at Google have recently developed a new technique for synthesizing a motion blurred image, using a pair of un-blurred images captured in succession. [26] Constructing a neural network model for each new dataset is the ultimate nightmare for every data scientist. [25]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[688] viXra:1901.0096 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-07 08:18:30

Machine Predict Person's Attractiveness

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

While researchers have taken steps to comprehensively catalogue the preferences of men and women, we still don't know which traits are the most important contributors to a person's attractiveness.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[687] viXra:1901.0084 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-06 07:47:11

Future Average Of A Time Series Type Sequence

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 3 Pages.

In this research investigation, the author has detailed a novel Future Average of a Time Series Type Sequence.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[686] viXra:1901.0064 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-05 12:18:32

Visual Navigation for Airborne Control of Ground Robots from Tethered Platform: Creation of the First Prototype

Authors: Ilan Ehrenfeld, Max Kogan, Oleg Kupervasser, Vitalii Sarychev, Irina Volinsky, Roman Yavich, Bar Zangbi
Comments: 11 Pages.

We propose control systems for the coordination of the ground robots. We develop robot efficient coordination using the devices located on towers or a tethered aerial apparatus tracing the robots on controlled area and supervising their environment including natural and artificial markings. The simple prototype of such a system was created in the Laboratory of Applied Mathematics of Ariel University (under the supervision of Prof. Domoshnitsky Alexander) in collaboration with company TRANSIST VIDEO LLC (Skolkovo, Moscow). We plan to create much more complicated prototype using Kamin grant (Israel)
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[685] viXra:1901.0063 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-05 12:42:49

Autopilot to Maintain Movement of a Drone in a Vertical Plane at a Constant Height in the Presence of Vision-Based Navigation

Authors: Alexander Domoshnitsky, Max Kogan, Oleg Kupervaser, Roman Yavich
Comments: 20 Pages. 14th IFAC WORKSHOP ON TIME DELAY SYSTEMS 2018 June 28-30 Budapest, Hungary

In this report we describe correct operation of autopilot for supply correct drone flight. There exists noticeable delay in getting information about position and orientation of a drone to autopilot in the presence of vision-based navigation. In spite of this fact, we demonstrate that it is possible to provide stable flight at a constant height in a vertical plane. We describe how to form relevant controlling signal for autopilot in the case of the navigation information delay.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[684] viXra:1901.0061 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-05 13:43:15

Machine Learning Metabolic Processes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

Bioinformatics researchers at Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU) and the University of California at San Diego (UCSD) are using machine learning techniques to better understand enzyme kinetics and thus also complex metabolic processes. [27] DNA regions susceptible to breakage and loss are genetic hot spots for important evolutionary changes, according to a Stanford study. [26] For the English scientists involved, perhaps the most important fact is that their DNA read was about twice as long as the previous record, held by their Australian rivals. [25] Researchers from the University of Chicago have developed a high-throughput RNA sequencing strategy to study the activity of the gut microbiome. [24] Today a large international consortium of researchers published a complex but important study looking at how DNA works in animals. [23] Asymmetry plays a major role in biology at every scale: think of DNA spirals, the fact that the human heart is positioned on the left, our preference to use our left or right hand ... [22] Scientists reveal how a 'molecular machine' in bacterial cells prevents fatal DNA twisting, which could be crucial in the development of new antibiotic treatments. [21] In new research, Hao Yan of Arizona State University and his colleagues describe an innovative DNA HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/walker/" walker, capable of rapidly traversing a prepared track. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[683] viXra:1901.0051 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-04 08:41:01

Commonsense Reasoning, Commonsense Knowledge, and the SP Theory of Intelligence

Authors: J Gerard Wolff
Comments: 63 Pages.

Commonsense reasoning (CSR) and commonsense knowledge (CSK) (together abbreviated as CSRK) are areas of study concerned with problems which are trivially easy for adults but which are challenging for artificial systems. This paper describes how the "SP System" -- meaning the "SP Theory of Intelligence" and its realisation in the "SP Computer Model" -- has strengths and potential in several aspects of CSRK. Some shortcomings of the system in that area may be overcome with planned future developments. A particular strength of the SP System is that it shows promise as an overarching theory for four areas of relative success with CSRK problems -- described by other authors -- which have been developed without any integrative theory. How the SP System may help to solve four other kinds of CSRK problem is described: 1) how the strength of evidence for a murder may be influenced by the level of lighting of the murder as it was witnessed; 2) how people may arrive at the commonly-accepted interpretation of phrases like "water bird"; 3) the interpretation of the horse's head scene in "The Godfather" film; and how the SP System may help to resolve the reference of an ambiguous pronoun in sentences in the format of a 'Winograd schema'. Also described is why a fifth CSRK problem -- modelling how a chef may crack an egg into a bowl -- is beyond the capabilities of the SP System as it is now and how those deficiencies may be overcome via planned developments of the system.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[682] viXra:1901.0042 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-04 23:31:32

Smoke Detection: Revisit the PCA Matting Approach

Authors: Md. Mobarak Hossain
Comments: 11 Pages. Working Paper

This paper revisits a novel approach, PCA matting, for smoke detection where the removal of the effect of background image and extract textural features are taken into account. This article considers an image as linear blending of smoke component and background component. Under this assumption this paper discusses a model and it's solution using the concept of PCA.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[681] viXra:1901.0038 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-03 09:05:01

Deux Applications Des Méthodes de L’analyse Des Données Avec R

Authors: Ayoub Abraich
Comments: 32 Pages.

Dans ce projet, nous allons appliquer deux méthodes d’analyse de données ( classification hiérarchique & l’ACP) pour étudier 2 échantillons de données . On commence par une présentation courte des outils théorique, ensuite nous exposons notre analyse via ces deux méthodes en utilisant le langage R . Je me base principalement dans la partie théorique sur les cours de Wikistat .
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[680] viXra:1901.0017 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-02 09:40:49

Machine Learning Atomistic Simulations

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 39 Pages.

To overcome these harsh limitations, the researchers exploited an artificial neural network (ANN) to learn the atomic interactions from quantum mechanics. [26] A new tool is drastically changing the face of chemical research-artificial intelligence. In a new paper published in Nature, researchers review the rapid progress in machine learning for the chemical sciences. [25] A new type of artificial-intelligence-driven chemistry could revolutionise the way molecules are discovered, scientists claim. [24] Tired of writing your own boring code for new software? Finally, there's an AI that can do it for you. [23] Welcome to Move Mirror, where you move in front of your webcam. [22] Understanding how a robot will react under different conditions is essential to guaranteeing its safe operation. [21] Marculescu, along with ECE Ph.D. student Chieh Lo, has developed a machine learning algorithm-called MPLasso-that uses data to infer associations and interactions between microbes in the GI microbiome. [20] A team of researchers from the University of Muenster in Germany has now demonstrated that this combination is extremely well suited to planning chemical syntheses-so-called retrosyntheses-with unprecedented efficiency. [19] Two physicists at ETH Zurich and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have developed a novel machine-learning algorithm that analyses large data sets describing a physical system and extract from them the essential information needed to understand the underlying physics. [18]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[679] viXra:1812.0454 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-29 01:37:51

Imageai Interaction with Imagej Via Jython Plugin/jikesrvm in the Context of Advanced Image Processing and Analysis – a Useful Insight Into the Promising World of Ai,python & Java Based Image Processing Informatics Framework.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

IMAGEAI Interaction with ImageJ via Jython Plugin/JikesRVM in the context of Advanced Image Processing and Analysis – A Useful Insight into the Promising World of AI,Python & Java Based Image Processing Informatics Framework.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[678] viXra:1812.0452 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-29 04:15:29

Electron Microscopy Deep Learning

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

MENNDL, an artificial intelligence system, automatically designed an optimal deep learning network to extract structural information from raw atomic-resolution microscopy data. [27] Researchers at Google have recently developed a new technique for synthesizing a motion blurred image, using a pair of un-blurred images captured in succession. [26] Constructing a neural network model for each new dataset is the ultimate nightmare for every data scientist. [25] Algorithmic fairness is increasingly important because as more decisions of greater importance are made by computer programs, the potential for harm grows. [24] Intel's Gadi Singer believes his most important challenge is his latest: using artificial intelligence (AI) to reshape scientific exploration. [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[677] viXra:1812.0451 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-29 04:33:46

Structure of Artificial Neural Networks

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

A team of researchers at RWTH Aachen University's Institute of Information Management in Mechanical Engineering have recently explored the use of neuroscience techniques to determine how information is structured inside artificial neural networks (ANNs). [28] MENNDL, an artificial intelligence system, automatically designed an optimal deep learning network to extract structural information from raw atomic-resolution microscopy data. [27] Researchers at Google have recently developed a new technique for synthesizing a motion blurred image, using a pair of un-blurred images captured in succession. [26] Constructing a neural network model for each new dataset is the ultimate nightmare for every data scientist. [25] Algorithmic fairness is increasingly important because as more decisions of greater importance are made by computer programs, the potential for harm grows. [24] Intel's Gadi Singer believes his most important challenge is his latest: using artificial intelligence (AI) to reshape scientific exploration. [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[676] viXra:1812.0450 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-29 04:51:45

Fourth Industrial Revolution

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

Indeed, what many are calling "the Fourth Industrial Revolution" is already here, disrupting jobs and labor markets, largely because of the rise and advance of artificial intelligence and robotics. [29] A team of researchers at RWTH Aachen University's Institute of Information Management in Mechanical Engineering have recently explored the use of neuroscience techniques to determine how information is structured inside artificial neural networks (ANNs). [28] MENNDL, an artificial intelligence system, automatically designed an optimal deep learning network to extract structural information from raw atomic-resolution microscopy data. [27] Researchers at Google have recently developed a new technique for synthesizing a motion blurred image, using a pair of un-blurred images captured in succession. [26] Constructing a neural network model for each new dataset is the ultimate nightmare for every data scientist. [25] Algorithmic fairness is increasingly important because as more decisions of greater importance are made by computer programs, the potential for harm grows. [24] Intel's Gadi Singer believes his most important challenge is his latest: using artificial intelligence (AI) to reshape scientific exploration. [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an a-MAZE-ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[675] viXra:1812.0443 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-27 10:24:18

Review: Generic Multi-Objective Deep Reinforcement Learning(MODRL)

Authors: Norio Kosaka
Comments: 6 Pages. See the original paper as well. https://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1803/1803.02965.pdf

In this paper, the author reviewed the existing survey regarding MODRL and published in March 2018 by Thanh Thi Nguyen, and discussed the variety of reinforcement learning approaches in terms of multi-objective problem setting.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[674] viXra:1812.0351 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-19 07:47:39

NeuNetS for Broader Adoption of AI

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

On December 14, 2018, IBM released NeuNetS, a fundamentally new capability that addresses the skills gap for development of latest AI models for a wide range of business domains. [27] Machine learning algorithms now underlie much of the software we use, helping to personalize our news feeds and finish our thoughts before we're done typing. [26] Constructing a neural network model for each new dataset is the ultimate nightmare for every data scientist. [25]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[673] viXra:1812.0328 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-20 05:04:18

(Eped Version 1.0 1.12.2018 6 Pages) the “Electronic Pediatrician” (Eped) – a Demo Software for Computer-Assisted Pediatric Diagnosis and Treatment Implemented Using Microsoft Visual Basic 6 (VB6), with Extended Applicability

Authors: Andrei Lucian Dragoi
Comments: 6 Pages.

This paper presents EPed (abbreviation for “Electronic Pediatrician”), which is a demo software for computer-assisted pediatric diagnosis and treatment built by the author in Microsoft Visual Basic 6 (VB6) (VB6), a software with extended applicability. Keywords: “Electronic Pediatrician” (EPed); computer-assisted pediatric diagnosis and treatment; Microsoft Visual Basic 6 (VB6);
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[672] viXra:1812.0306 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-17 09:55:28

Power Law and Dimension of the Maximum Value for Belief Distribution with the Max Deng Entropy

Authors: Bingyi Kang
Comments: 13 Pages.

Deng entropy is a novel and efficient uncertainty measure to deal with imprecise phenomenon, which is an extension of Shannon entropy. In this paper, power law and dimension of the maximum value for belief distribution with the max Deng entropy are presented, which partially uncover the inherent physical meanings of Deng entropy from the perspective of statistics. This indicated some work related to power law or scale-free can be analyzed using Deng entropy. The results of some numerical simulations are used to support the new views.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[671] viXra:1812.0286 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-16 10:19:48

Trustworthy Artificial Intelligence

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Machine learning algorithms now underlie much of the software we use, helping to personalize our news feeds and finish our thoughts before we're done typing. [26] Constructing a neural network model for each new dataset is the ultimate nightmare for every data scientist. [25] Algorithmic fairness is increasingly important because as more decisions of greater importance are made by computer programs, the potential for harm grows. [24] Intel's Gadi Singer believes his most important challenge is his latest: using artificial intelligence (AI) to reshape scientific exploration. [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[670] viXra:1812.0284 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-16 11:31:38

Physiological Model of One Materialized Human Thought

Authors: Kondratenko Viktoria
Comments: 11 Pages.

ABSTRACT In this article, the creation in the second signal system of a correct reflex ring – physiological model of one of the materialized elementary, or compound human thoughts – is shown on a specific example. As tools, functionally full formal language and predicate logic language are used. The methodology is described in the Theory of axiomatic modeling of Kondratenko (1). As any other functional problem in any domain, according to the Theory, the problem is interpreted in mathematical logic as a theorem which is subject to proof. The reflex ring is physiological model of one of materialized elementary, or compound, thoughts of the specific person, as the ring represents a fragment of neural network of the person. The logical work of concepts of knowledge reflected in concepts No. 1 – 7, is guaranteed to provide the creation of the correct reflex ring having the property of "being physiological model of one of the materialized elementary, or compound thoughts of a person". At reflection on visual carriers of any concrete functionally complete sense received in the course of knowledge of the natural and man-made phenomena of the universe, only purely formular texts are an ideal format in terms of quantity of the symbols necessary for these purposes. Even the axiomatic format of reflection of the specified meanings demands one-two orders more of symbols, not to mention a verbal format from which the order of magnitude of formular symbols can exceed four in certain cases. Special importance is gained by this fact at reflection on visual carriers of biological and medical knowledge. Физиологическая модель одной из материализованных мыслей человека. Виктория Кондратенко Аннотация. В статье демонстрируется на конкретном примере построение во второй сигнальной системе корректного рефлекторного кольца – физиологической модели одной из материализованных элементарных, либо составных мыслей человека. В качестве инструментария используется функционально полный формальный язык, язык логики предикатов. Методология описана в Теории аксиоматического моделирования Кондратенко(1). Задача, как любая другая проблемная функциональная задача произвольной предметной области, согласно Теории, интерпретируется в математической логике в качестве подлежащей доказательству теоремы. Рефлекторное кольцо является физиологической моделью одной из материализованных элементарных, либо составных, мыслей конкретного человека, так как само кольцо представляет собой фрагмент нейронной сети человека. Логическое произведение концептов знаний, отраженных в концептах №№1 – 7, гарантировано обеспечит построение корректного рефлекторного кольца, обладающего свойством “являющегося физиологической моделью одной из материализованных элементарных, либо составных мыслей этого человека”. При отражении на визуальных носителях любого конкретного функционально завершенного смысла, полученного в процессе познания природных и рукотворных явлений в мироздании, только чисто формульные тексты являются идеальным форматом с точки зрения количества символов, необходимых для этих целей. Даже аксиоматический формат отражения указанных смыслов требует на один-два порядка больше необходимых символов, не говоря уже о вербальном формате, который может превысить в некоторых случаях и четыре прядка формульных символов. Особую важность приобретает этот факт при отражении на визуальных носителях биологических и медицинских знаний.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[669] viXra:1812.0270 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-15 06:06:03

Accuracy of Neural Network

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

Constructing a neural network model for each new dataset is the ultimate nightmare for every data scientist. [25] Algorithmic fairness is increasingly important because as more decisions of greater importance are made by computer programs, the potential for harm grows. [24] Intel's Gadi Singer believes his most important challenge is his latest: using artificial intelligence (AI) to reshape scientific exploration. [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an a-MAZE-ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[668] viXra:1812.0269 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-15 08:19:41

Synthesizing Motion-Blurred Images

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

Researchers at Google have recently developed a new technique for synthesizing a motion blurred image, using a pair of un-blurred images captured in succession. [26] Constructing a neural network model for each new dataset is the ultimate nightmare for every data scientist. [25] Algorithmic fairness is increasingly important because as more decisions of greater importance are made by computer programs, the potential for harm grows. [24] Intel's Gadi Singer believes his most important challenge is his latest: using artificial intelligence (AI) to reshape scientific exploration. [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an a-MAZE-ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[667] viXra:1812.0268 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-15 08:45:37

Approximate Computing Approach

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

Researchers at Fukuoka University, in Japan, have recently proposed a design methodology for configurable approximate arithmetic circuits. [27] Researchers at Google have recently developed a new technique for synthesizing a motion blurred image, using a pair of un-blurred images captured in succession. [26] Constructing a neural network model for each new dataset is the ultimate nightmare for every data scientist. [25] Algorithmic fairness is increasingly important because as more decisions of greater importance are made by computer programs, the potential for harm grows. [24] Intel's Gadi Singer believes his most important challenge is his latest: using artificial intelligence (AI) to reshape scientific exploration. [23]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[666] viXra:1812.0265 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-15 09:05:39

AI Control of Human Birth

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

A group of researchers from MIT have already developed an AI robot that can assist in a labour room. [28] Researchers at Fukuoka University, in Japan, have recently proposed a design methodology for configurable approximate arithmetic circuits. [27] Researchers at Google have recently developed a new technique for synthesizing a motion blurred image, using a pair of un-blurred images captured in succession. [26]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[665] viXra:1812.0250 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-14 11:59:51

Aspie96 at IronITA (EVALITA 2018): Irony Detection in Italian Tweets with Character-Level Convolutional RNN

Authors: Valentino Giudice
Comments: 6 Pages.

Irony is characterized by a strong contrast between what is said and what is meant: this makes its detection an important task in sentiment analysis. In recent years, neural networks have given promising results in different areas, including irony detection. In this report, I describe the system used by the Aspie96 team in the IronITA competition (part of EVALITA 2018) for irony and sarcasm detection in Italian tweets.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[664] viXra:1812.0247 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-15 05:30:08

Fair Computer-Aided Decisions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

Algorithmic fairness is increasingly important because as more decisions of greater importance are made by computer programs, the potential for harm grows. [24] Intel's Gadi Singer believes his most important challenge is his latest: using artificial intelligence (AI) to reshape scientific exploration. [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an a-MAZE-ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[663] viXra:1812.0185 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-10 09:32:52

Machine Learning Design Peptides

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

Northwestern University researchers, teaming up with collaborators at Cornell University and the University of California, San Diego, have developed a new way of finding optimal peptide sequences: using a machine-learning algorithm as a collaborator. [28] A team of researchers led by Sanket Deshmukh, assistant professor of chemical engineering, has developed a method to investigate the structures of polymers that are sensitive to external stimuli. [27] In recent experiments studying analogous HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/extreme+waves/" extreme waves of light, researchers have used artificial intelligence to study this problem, and have now determined a probability distribution that preferentially identifies the emergence of rogue waves. [26] Artificial intelligence's potential lies not only in its ability to help improve the educational performance of learners, but also in its capacity to foster respect and understanding between all humans. [25]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[662] viXra:1812.0141 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-07 07:58:14

AI Predict Rogue Waves of Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

In recent experiments studying analogous extreme waves of light, researchers have used artificial intelligence to study this problem, and have now determined a probability distribution that preferentially identifies the emergence of rogue waves. [26] Artificial intelligence's potential lies not only in its ability to help improve the educational performance of learners, but also in its capacity to foster respect and understanding between all humans. [25] The New York Times contacted IBM Research in late September asking for our help to use AI in a clever way to create art for the coming special section on AI. [24] Granting human rights to a computer would degrade human dignity. [23] IBM researchers are developing a new computer architecture, better equipped to handle increased data loads from artificial intelligence. [22] A computer built to mimic the brain's neural networks produces similar results to that of the best brain-simulation supercomputer software currently used for neural-signaling research, finds a new study published in the open-access journal Frontiers in Neuroscience. [21] The possibility of cognitive nuclear-spin processing came to Fisher in part through studies performed in the 1980s that reported a remarkable lithium isotope dependence on the behavior of mother rats. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society (CNS), cognitive neuroscientists increasingly are using those emerging artificial networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[661] viXra:1812.0124 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-08 04:29:44

Machine Learning in Biomedical Field

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

A team of researchers led by Sanket Deshmukh, assistant professor of chemical engineering, has developed a method to investigate the structures of polymers that are sensitive to external stimuli. [27] In recent experiments studying analogous extreme waves of light, researchers have used artificial intelligence to study this problem, and have now determined a probability distribution that preferentially identifies the emergence of rogue waves. [26] Artificial intelligence's potential lies not only in its ability to help improve the educational performance of learners, but also in its capacity to foster respect and understanding between all humans. [25] The New York Times contacted IBM Research in late September asking for our help to use AI in a clever way to create art for the coming special section on AI. [24] Granting human rights to a computer would degrade human dignity. [23] IBM researchers are developing a new computer architecture, better equipped to handle increased data loads from artificial intelligence. [22] A computer built to mimic the brain's neural networks produces similar results to that of the best brain-simulation supercomputer software currently used for neural-signaling research, finds a new study published in the open-access journal Frontiers in Neuroscience. [21] The possibility of cognitive nuclear-spin processing came to Fisher in part through studies performed in the 1980s that reported a remarkable lithium isotope dependence on the behavior of mother rats. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society (CNS), cognitive neuroscientists increasingly are using those emerging artificial networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[660] viXra:1812.0094 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-05 10:06:34

AI Transform Education

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

Artificial intelligence's potential lies not only in its ability to help improve the educational performance of learners, but also in its capacity to foster respect and understanding between all humans. [25] The New York Times contacted IBM Research in late September asking for our help to use AI in a clever way to create art for the coming special section on AI. [24] Granting human rights to a computer would degrade human dignity. [23] IBM researchers are developing a new computer architecture, better equipped to handle increased data loads from artificial intelligence. [22] A computer built to mimic the brain's neural networks produces similar results to that of the best brain-simulation supercomputer software currently used for neural-signaling research, finds a new study published in the open-access journal Frontiers in Neuroscience. [21]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[659] viXra:1812.0081 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-04 09:41:03

AI Chip Radiation at CERN

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

An ESA-led team subjected Intel's new Myriad 2 artificial intelligence chip to one of the most energetic radiation beams available on Earth. [24] Intel's Gadi Singer believes his most important challenge is his latest: using artificial intelligence (AI) to reshape scientific exploration. [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an aMAZE -ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[658] viXra:1812.0080 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-04 10:06:16

AI-Motorized Wheelchair

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 34 Pages.

A new wheelchair may give people with severe mobility challenges another reason to smile about artificial intelligence—that grin might literally help them control their wheelchair. [22] Now, researchers at Stanford University have devised a new type of artificially intelligent camera system that can classify images faster and more energy efficiently, and that could one day be built small enough to be embedded in the devices themselves, something that is not possible today. [21] Today, deep neural networks with different architectures, such as convolutional, recurrent and autoencoder networks, are becoming an increasingly popular area of research. [20] A deep neural network running on an ordinary desktop computer is interpreting highly technical data related to national security as well as—and sometimes better than— today's best automated methods or even human experts. [19] Scientists at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA), located at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, have pioneered the use of GPU-accelerated deep learning for rapid detection and characterization of gravitational waves. [18] Researchers from Queen Mary University of London have developed a mathematical model for the emergence of innovations. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images. Elizabeth Holm, professor of materials science and engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, is leveraging this technology to better understand the enormous number of research images accumulated in the field of materials science. [13]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[657] viXra:1812.0079 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-04 10:20:56

On-Demand Video Dispatch Networks: A Scalable End-to-End Learning Approach

Authors: Damao Yang, Sihan Peng, He Huang, Hongliang Xue
Comments: 11 Pages.

We design a dispatch system to improve the peak service quality of video on demand (VOD). Our system predicts the hot videos during the peak hours of the next day based on the historical requests, and dispatches to the content delivery networks (CDNs) at the previous off-peak time. In order to scale to billions of videos, we build the system with two neural networks, one for video clustering and the other for dispatch policy developing. The clustering network employs autoencoder layers and reduces the video number to a fixed value. The policy network employs fully connected layers and ranks the clustered videos with dispatch probabilities. The two networks are coupled with weight-sharing temporal layers, which analyze the video request sequences with convolutional and recurrent modules. Therefore, the clustering and dispatch tasks are trained in an end-to-end mechanism. The real-world results show that our approach achieves an average prediction accuracy of 17%, compared with 3% from the present baseline method, for the same amount of dispatches.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[656] viXra:1812.0069 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-05 00:04:07

Divergence Measure of Intuitionistic Fuzzy Sets

Authors: Fuyuan Xiao
Comments: 9 Pages.

As a generation of fuzzy sets, the intuitionistic fuzzy sets (IFSs) have more powerful ability to represent and deal with the uncertainty of information. The distance measure between the IFSs is still an open question. In this paper, we propose a new distance measure between the IFSs on the basis of the Jensen{ Shannon divergence. The new distance measure of IFSs not only can satisfy the axiomatic de nition of distance measure, but also can discriminate the diference between the IFSs more better. As a result, the new distance measure can generate more reasonable results.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[655] viXra:1812.0059 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-03 07:53:03

Dual 8-bit Breakthrough in AI

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

IBM Research launched the reduced-precision approach to AI model training and inference with a landmark paper describing a novel dataflow approach for conventional CMOS technologies to rev up hardware platforms by dramatically reducing the bit precision of data and computations. [24] Recent successful applications of deep learning include medical image analysis, speech recognition, language translation, image classification, as well as addressing more specific tasks, such as solving inverse imaging problems. [23] Researchers at Caltech have developed an artificial neural network made out of DNA that can solve a classic machine learning problem: correctly identifying handwritten numbers. [22] Researchers have devised a magnetic control system to make tiny DNA-based robots move on demand—and much faster than recently possible. [21] Humans have 46 chromosomes, and each one is capped at either end by repetitive sequences called telomeres. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[654] viXra:1812.0054 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-03 11:32:36

Universal Forecasting Scheme By Professor Ramesh Chandra Bagadi

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 2 Pages.

In this research investigation, the author has presented a Universal Forecasting Scheme.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[653] viXra:1812.0053 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-03 11:40:35

Theoretical Model For Holistic Non Unique Clustering By Professor Ramesh Chandra Bagadi

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 2 Pages.

In this research investigation, the author has presented the analysis of Theoretical Model For Holistic Non Unique Clustering.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[652] viXra:1811.0508 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-29 11:19:52

Elastic Foam Uses Machine Learning

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

Elastic foams that can detect deformities in their shape have been created by scientists in the US. The materials use a combination of optical fibres and machine learning techniques to measure deformations. [26] Today IBM Research is introducing IBM Crypto Anchor Verifier, a new technology that brings innovations in AI and optical imaging together to help prove the identity and authenticity of objects. [25] AI combined with stem cells promises a faster approach to disease prevention. Andrew Masterson reports. [24]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[651] viXra:1811.0506 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-29 12:40:00

A New Representation of Basic Probability Assignment in Dempster-Shafer Theory

Authors: Ziyuan Luo, Yong Deng
Comments: 24 Pages.

Because of the superiority in dealing with uncertainty expression, Dempster-Shafer theory (D-S theory) is widely used in decision theory. In D-S theory, the basic probability assignment (BPA) is the basis and core. Recently, some researchers represent BPA on a Ndimension frame of discernment (FOD) as 2^N-dimension vector in Descartes coordinate system. However, the concept of orthogonality in this method is confused and inexplicable. A new representation method of BPA is proposed in this paper. The BPA on a N-dimension FOD is represented as Ndimension vector with parameters in this method. Then BPA is expressed as subset of N-dimension Cartesian space. The essence of this method is to convert BPA to probability distribution (PD) with parameters. Based on this method, problems in D-S theory can be solved, which include the fusion of BPAs, the distance between BPAs, the correspondence between BPA and probability, and the entropy of BPAs. This representation conforms to the definition of orthogonality, and can get satisfactory computing results.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[650] viXra:1811.0431 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-26 08:26:54

Machine Learning Without Negative Data

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

A research team from the RIKEN Center for Advanced Intelligence Project (AIP) has successfully developed a new method for machine learning that allows an AI to make classifications without what is known as "negative data," a finding which could lead to wider application to a variety of classification tasks. [26] Artificial intelligence is helping improve safety along a stretch of Las Vegas' busiest highway. [25] The New York Times contacted IBM Research in late September asking for our help to use AI in a clever way to create art for the coming special section on AI. [24] Granting human rights to a computer would degrade human dignity. [23] IBM researchers are developing a new computer architecture, better equipped to handle increased data loads from artificial intelligence. [22] A computer built to mimic the brain's neural networks produces similar results to that of the best brain-simulation supercomputer software currently used for neural-signaling research, finds a new study published in the open-access journal Frontiers in Neuroscience. [21]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[649] viXra:1811.0417 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-26 22:55:36

Distance Measure of Pythagorean Fuzzy Sets

Authors: Fuyuan Xiao
Comments: 10 Pages.

The Pythagorean fuzzy set (PFS), as an extension of intuitionistic fuzzy set, is more capable of expressing and handling the uncertainty under uncertain envi- ronments. Whereas, how to measure the distance between Pythagorean fuzzy sets appropriately is still an open issue. Therefore, a novel distance measure between Pythagorean fuzzy sets is proposed based on the Jensen{Shannon di- vergence in this paper. The new distance measure has the following merits: i) it meets the axiomatic de nition of distance measure; ii) it can better indicate the discrimination degree of PFSs. Then, numerical examples are demonstrated that the PFSJS distance measure is feasible and reasonable.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[648] viXra:1811.0390 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-24 13:19:39

Deng Entropy in Thermodynamics

Authors: Fan Liu; Yong Deng
Comments: 8 Pages.

Entropy as a measure of disorder can be widely used in many fields. In this paper, based on the localized system, a new entropy Deng entropy is derived assuming that the particles have superposition states.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[647] viXra:1811.0383 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-23 05:42:36

Supercomputer Accelerate Research

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

A new supercomputer designed to speed up research on two of the UK's most important battery research projects has been installed at University College London (UCL). [37] Using micromagnetic simulation, scientists have found the magnetic parameters and operating modes for the experimental implementation of a fast racetrack memory module that runs on spin current, carrying information via skyrmionium, which can store more data and read it out faster. [36] Scientists at the RDECOM Research Laboratory, the Army's corporate research laboratory (ARL) have found a novel way to safeguard quantum information during transmission, opening the door for more secure and reliable communication for warfighters on the battlefield. [35] Encrypted quantum keys have been sent across a record-breaking 421 km of optical fibre at the fastest data rate ever achieved for long-distance transmission. [34] The companies constructed an application for data transmission via optical fiber lines, which when combined with high-speed quantum cryptography communications technologies demonstrated practical key distribution speeds even in a real-world environment. [33] Nanosized magnetic particles called skyrmions are considered highly promising candidates for new data storage and information technologies. [32]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[646] viXra:1811.0367 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-24 02:47:01

The Semi-Pascal Triangle of Maximum Deng Entropy

Authors: Xiaozhuan Gao; Yong Deng
Comments: 11 Pages.

In D-S theory, measure the uncertainty has aroused many people’s attention. Deng proposed the interesting Deng entropy that it can measure non-specificity and discord. Hence, exploring the physical meaning of Deng entropy is an essential issue. Based the maximum Deng entropy and fractal, the paper discuss the relation in them.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[645] viXra:1811.0351 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-23 03:23:27

AI Improves Highway Safety

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

Artificial intelligence is helping improve safety along a stretch of Las Vegas' busiest highway. [25] The New York Times contacted IBM Research in late September asking for our help to use AI in a clever way to create art for the coming special section on AI. [24] Granting human rights to a computer would degrade human dignity. [23] IBM researchers are developing a new computer architecture, better equipped to handle increased data loads from artificial intelligence. [22] A computer built to mimic the brain's neural networks produces similar results to that of the best brain-simulation supercomputer software currently used for neural-signaling research, finds a new study published in the open-access journal Frontiers in Neuroscience. [21] The possibility of cognitive nuclear-spin processing came to Fisher in part through studies performed in the 1980s that reported a remarkable lithium isotope dependence on the behavior of mother rats. [20]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[644] viXra:1811.0319 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-20 09:37:19

AI and Optoelectronics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

Using machine-learning and an integrated photonic chip, researchers from INRS (Canada) and the University of Sussex (UK) can now customize the properties of broadband light sources. [31] A team of EPFL scientists has now written a machine-learning program that can predict, in record time, how atoms will respond to an applied magnetic field. [30] Researchers from the University of Luxembourg, Technische Universität Berlin, and the Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society have combined machine learning and quantum mechanics to predict the dynamics and atomic interactions in molecules. [29] For the first time, physicists have demonstrated that machine learning can reconstruct a quantum system based on relatively few experimental measurements. [28] AlphaZero plays very unusually; not like a human, but also not like a typical computer. Instead, it plays with "real artificial" intelligence. [27] Predictions for an AI-dominated future are increasingly common, but Antoine Blondeau has experience in reading, and arguably manipulating, the runes—he helped develop technology that evolved into predictive texting and Apple's Siri. [26] Artificial intelligence can improve health care by analyzing data from apps, smartphones and wearable technology. [25] Now, researchers at Google's DeepMind have developed a simple algorithm to handle such reasoning—and it has already beaten humans at a complex image comprehension test. [24] A marimba-playing robot with four arms and eight sticks is writing and playing its own compositions in a lab at the Georgia Institute of Technology. The pieces are generated using artificial intelligence and deep learning. [23] Now, a team of researchers at MIT and elsewhere has developed a new approach to such computations, using light instead of electricity, which they say could vastly improve the speed and efficiency of certain deep learning computations. [22] Physicists have found that the structure of certain types of quantum learning algorithms is very similar to their classical counterparts—a finding that will help scientists further develop the quantum versions. [21]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[643] viXra:1811.0253 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-16 08:54:01

AI Predicting Enzyme Activity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

University of Oxford have found a general way of predicting enzyme activity. [23] Researchers at Caltech have developed an artificial neural network made out of DNA that can solve a classic machine learning problem: correctly identifying handwritten numbers. [22] Researchers have devised a magnetic control system to make tiny DNA-based robots move on demand—and much faster than recently possible. [21] Humans have 46 chromosomes, and each one is capped at either end by repetitive sequences called telomeres. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase—a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14] Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University used a light-sensitive iridium-palladium catalyst to make "sequential" polymers, using visible light to change how building blocks are combined into polymer chains. [13]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[642] viXra:1811.0240 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-15 08:25:01

AI for Sustainability Goals

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

As ESA's ɸ-week continues to provoke and inspire participants on new ways of using Earth observation for monitoring our world to benefit the citizens of today and of the future, it is clear that artificial intelligence is set to play an important role. [25] The New York Times contacted IBM Research in late September asking for our help to use AI in a clever way to create art for the coming special section on AI. [24] Granting human rights to a computer would degrade human dignity. [23] IBM researchers are developing a new computer architecture, better equipped to handle increased data loads from artificial intelligence. [22] A computer built to mimic the brain's neural networks produces similar results to that of the best brain-simulation supercomputer software currently used for neural-signaling research, finds a new study published in the open-access journal Frontiers in Neuroscience. [21]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[641] viXra:1811.0226 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-14 10:24:55

Private Photo Recognition

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 77 Pages.

Researchers at Osaka University have proposed an encryption-free framework for preserving users' privacy when they use photo-based information services. [47] When building a predictive model, reliable results depend on two issues: the number of variables that come into play and the number of examples entered into the system. [46] A new computational approach that allows the identification of molecular alterations associated with prognosis and resistance to therapy of different types of cancer was developed by the research group led by Nuno Barbosa Morais at Instituto de Medicina Molecular João Lobo Antunes (iMM; Portugal). [45] A discovery by scientists at UC Riverside may open up new ways to control steroid hormone-mediated processes, including growth and development in insects, and sexual maturation, immunity, and cancer progression in humans. [44] New 3-D maps of water distribution during cellular membrane fusion are accelerating scientific understanding of cell development, which could lead to new treatments for diseases associated with cell fusion. [43] Thanks to the invention of a technique called super-resolution fluorescence microscopy, it has recently become possible to view even the smaller parts of a living cell. [42] A new instrument lets researchers use multiple laser beams and a microscope to trap and move cells and then analyze them in real-time with a sensitive analysis technique known as Raman spectroscopy. [41] All systems are go for launch in November of NASA's Global Ecosystem Dynamics Investigation (GEDI) mission, which will use high-resolution laser ranging to study Earth's forests and topography from the International Space Station (ISS). [40] Scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI) in Berlin combined state-of-the-art experiments and numerical simulations to test a fundamental assumption underlying strong-field physics. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[640] viXra:1811.0224 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-14 13:21:48

#2sat is in P

Authors: Elnaserledinellah Mahmood Abdelwahab
Comments: 85 Pages. Journal Academica Vol. 8(1), pp. 3-88, October 13 2018 - Theoretical Computer Science - ISSN 2161-3338 online edition www.journalacademica.org - Copyright © 2018 Journal Academica Foundation - With perpetual, non-exclusive license for viXra.org

This paper presents a new view of logical variables which helps solving efficiently the #P complete #2SAT problem. Variables are considered to be more than mere place holders of information, namely: Entities exhibiting repetitive patterns of logical truth values. Using this insight, a canonical order between literals and clauses of an arbitrary 2CNF Clause Set S is shown to be always achievable. It is also shown that resolving clauses respecting this order enables the construction of small Free Binary Decision Diagrams (FBDDs) for S with unique node counts in O(M4) or O(M6) in case a particular shown Lemma is relaxed, where M is number of clauses. Efficiently counting solutions generated in such FBDDs is then proven to be O(M9) or O(M13) by first running the proposed practical Pattern-Algorithm 2SAT-FGPRA and then the counting Algorithm Count2SATSolutions, so that the overall complexity of counting 2SAT solutions is in P. Relaxing the specific Lemma enables a uniform description of kSAT-Pattern-Algorithms in terms of (k-1)SAT- ones opening up yet another way for showing the main result. This second way demonstrates that avoiding certain types of copies of sub-trees in FBDDs constructed for arbitrary 1CNF and 2CNF Clause Sets, while uniformly expressing kSAT Pattern-Algorithms for any k>0, is a sufficient condition for an efficient solution of kSAT as well. Exponential lower bounds known for the construction of deterministic and non-deterministic FBDDs of some Boolean functions are seen to be inapplicable to the methods described here.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[639] viXra:1811.0192 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-12 10:00:53

Nanoscale Robotic Systems

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

A single-molecule DNA “navigator” that can successfully find its way out of a maze constructed on a 2D DNA origami platform might be used in artificial intelligence applications as well as in biomolecular assembly, sensing, DNA-driven computation and molecular information and storage. [20] The way DNA folds largely determines which genes are read out. John van Noort and his group have quantified how easily rolled-up DNA parts stack. [19]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[638] viXra:1811.0191 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-12 10:16:10

Refutation of Three Phase, All Reduce Algorithm Across Processing Units for Scalable Deep Learning

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to the author by email at: info@ersatz-systems dot com.

A three-phase algorithm to do an all-reduce across all GPUs is not tautologous and refuted.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[637] viXra:1811.0189 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-12 10:43:34

Big Data Predict the Future

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 75 Pages.

When building a predictive model, reliable results depend on two issues: the number of variables that come into play and the number of examples entered into the system. [46] A new computational approach that allows the identification of molecular alterations associated with prognosis and resistance to therapy of different types of cancer was developed by the research group led by Nuno Barbosa Morais at Instituto de Medicina Molecular João Lobo Antunes (iMM; Portugal). [45] A discovery by scientists at UC Riverside may open up new ways to control steroid hormone-mediated processes, including growth and development in insects, and sexual maturation, immunity, and cancer progression in humans. [44] New 3-D maps of water distribution during cellular membrane fusion are accelerating scientific understanding of cell development, which could lead to new treatments for diseases associated with cell fusion. [43] Thanks to the invention of a technique called super-resolution fluorescence microscopy, it has recently become possible to view even the smaller parts of a living cell. [42] A new instrument lets researchers use multiple laser beams and a microscope to trap and move cells and then analyze them in real-time with a sensitive analysis technique known as Raman spectroscopy. [41] All systems are go for launch in November of NASA's Global Ecosystem Dynamics Investigation (GEDI) mission, which will use high-resolution laser ranging to study Earth's forests and topography from the International Space Station (ISS). [40] Scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI) in Berlin combined state-of-the-art experiments and numerical simulations to test a fundamental assumption underlying strong-field physics. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[636] viXra:1811.0182 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-11 10:01:02

Fast, Accurate AI Training

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

Researchers at Hong Kong Baptist University (HKBU) have partnered with a team from Tencent Machine Learning to create a new technique for training artificial intelligence (AI) machines faster than ever before while maintaining accuracy. [27]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[635] viXra:1811.0150 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-09 11:09:17

AI Window into Mental Health

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

In January 2017, IBM made the bold statement that within five years, health professionals could apply AI to better understand how words and speech paint a clear window into our mental health. [26] Dating apps are using artificial intelligence to suggest where to go on a first date, recommend what to say and even find a partner who looks like your favourite celebrity. [25] The New York Times contacted IBM Research in late September asking for our help to use AI in a clever way to create art for the coming special section on AI. [24] Granting human rights to a computer would degrade human dignity. [23] IBM researchers are developing a new computer architecture, better equipped to handle increased data loads from artificial intelligence. [22] A computer built to mimic the brain's neural networks produces similar results to that of the best brain-simulation supercomputer software currently used for neural-signaling research, finds a new study published in the open-access journal Frontiers in Neuroscience. [21] The possibility of cognitive nuclear-spin processing came to Fisher in part through studies performed in the 1980s that reported a remarkable lithium isotope dependence on the behavior of mother rats. [20]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[634] viXra:1811.0142 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-08 07:27:34

AI Help Search for Love

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

Dating apps are using artificial intelligence to suggest where to go on a first date, recommend what to say and even find a partner who looks like your favourite celebrity. [25] The New York Times contacted IBM Research in late September asking for our help to use AI in a clever way to create art for the coming special section on AI. [24] Granting human rights to a computer would degrade human dignity. [23] IBM researchers are developing a new computer architecture, better equipped to handle increased data loads from artificial intelligence. [22] A computer built to mimic the brain's neural networks produces similar results to that of the best brain-simulation supercomputer software currently used for neural-signaling research, finds a new study published in the open-access journal Frontiers in Neuroscience. [21] The possibility of cognitive nuclear-spin processing came to Fisher in part through studies performed in the 1980s that reported a remarkable lithium isotope dependence on the behavior of mother rats. [20]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[633] viXra:1811.0124 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-07 07:51:16

Rethinking the Artificial Neural Networks: A Novel Approach

Authors: Usman Ahmad, Hong Song
Comments: 13 Pages.

In this paper, we proposed a novel approach to build the Artificial Neural Network (ANN). We addressed the fundamental questions, 1) what is the architecture of the ANN model? Should it really have a layered architecture? 2) What is a neuron: a processing unit or a memory cell? 3) How neurons must be interconnected and what should be the mechanism of weights assignment? 4) How to involve prior knowledge, bias, and generalization to extract the features? In this paper, we have given an abstract view of our approach for supervised learning with text data only and explain it through examples.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[632] viXra:1811.0111 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-07 18:42:20

Theoretical Model For Holistic Non Unique Clustering {Version 2}

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 2 Pages.

In this research investigation, the author has presented a novel method for Holistic Non Unique Clustering.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[631] viXra:1811.0093 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-06 23:48:20

Theoretical Model For Holistic Non Unique Clustering

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 2 Pages.

In this research investigation, the author has presented a novel method for Holistic Non Unique Clustering.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[630] viXra:1811.0088 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-05 07:40:57

Training Neuron Model

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

Artificial neural networks are machine learning systems composed of a large number of connected nodes called artificial neurons. Similar to the neurons in a biological brain, these artificial neurons are the primary basic units that are used to perform neural computations and solve problems. [27] Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT), Aalto University in Finland, and ETH Zurich have demonstrated a prototype device that uses quantum effects and machine learning to measure magnetic fields more accurately than its classical analogues. [26] Researchers at the University of California San Diego have developed an approach that uses machine learning to identify and predict which genes make infectious bacteria resistant to antibiotics. [25] AI combined with stem cells promises a faster approach to disease prevention. Andrew Masterson reports. According to product chief Trystan Upstill, the news app "uses the best of artificial intelligence to find the best of human intelligence—the great reporting done by journalists around the globe." [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an aMAZE -ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[629] viXra:1811.0085 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-05 08:30:13

Event-Driven Models

Authors: Dimiter Dobrev
Comments: 26 Pages. Bulgarian language

In Reinforcement Learning we are looking for meaning in the stream of input-output information. If we do not find sense, this stream will be just a noise for us. To find meaning, we must learn to discover and recognize objects. What is an object? In this article we will show that the object is an event-driven model. These models are a generalization of action-driven models. In the Markov decision process we have an action-driven model and there the states are changing at each step. The advantage of event-driven models is that they are more stable and change their state only when certain events occur. These events can happen very rarely, so the current state of the event-driven model is much more predictable.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[628] viXra:1811.0083 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-05 09:41:02

Virtual Reality Test Your Nerves

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

Researchers at EPFL's Laboratory of Behavioral Genetics, headed by Professor Carmen Sandi, have set out to learn more with a new virtual reality program. [28] Artificial neural networks are machine learning systems composed of a large number of connected nodes called artificial neurons. Similar to the neurons in a biological brain, these artificial neurons are the primary basic units that are used to perform neural computations and solve problems. [27] Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT), Aalto University in Finland, and ETH Zurich have demonstrated a prototype device that uses quantum effects and machine learning to measure magnetic fields more accurately than its classical analogues. [26] Researchers at the University of California San Diego have developed an approach that uses machine learning to identify and predict which genes make infectious bacteria resistant to antibiotics. [25] AI combined with stem cells promises a faster approach to disease prevention. Andrew Masterson reports. According to product chief Trystan Upstill, the news app "uses the best of HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/artificial+intelligence/" artificial intelligence to find the best of human intelligence—the great reporting done by journalists around the globe." [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an aMAZE -ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[627] viXra:1810.0521 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-31 08:51:54

Deep Learning Glaucoma

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

As part of a team of scientists from IBM and New York University, my colleagues and I are looking at new ways AI could be used to help ophthalmologists and optometrists further utilize eye images, and potentially help to speed the process for detecting glaucoma in images. [31] A team of EPFL scientists has now written a machine-learning program that can predict, in record time, how atoms will respond to an applied magnetic field. [30] Researchers from the University of Luxembourg, Technische Universität Berlin, and the Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society have combined machine learning and quantum mechanics to predict the dynamics and atomic interactions in molecules. [29] For the first time, physicists have demonstrated that machine learning can reconstruct a quantum system based on relatively few experimental measurements. [28] AlphaZero plays very unusually; not like a human, but also not like a typical computer. Instead, it plays with "real artificial" intelligence. [27] Predictions for an AI-dominated future are increasingly common, but Antoine Blondeau has experience in reading, and arguably manipulating, the runes—he helped develop technology that evolved into predictive texting and Apple's Siri. [26] Artificial intelligence can improve health care by analyzing data from apps, smartphones and wearable technology. [25] Now, researchers at Google's DeepMind have developed a simple algorithm to handle such reasoning—and it has already beaten humans at a complex image comprehension test. [24] A marimba-playing robot with four arms and eight sticks is writing and playing its own compositions in a lab at the Georgia Institute of Technology. The pieces are generated using artificial intelligence and deep learning. [23] Now, a team of researchers at MIT and elsewhere has developed a new approach to such computations, using light instead of electricity, which they say could vastly improve the speed and efficiency of certain deep learning computations. [22] Physicists have found that the structure of certain types of quantum learning algorithms is very similar to their classical counterparts—a finding that will help scientists further develop the quantum versions. [21]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[626] viXra:1810.0519 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-31 09:34:04

AI in Social Media and News

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

The technology could help identify biases in social media posts and news articles, the better to judge the information's validity. [29] Researchers find AI-generated reviews and comments pose a significant threat to consumers, but machine learning can help detect the fakes. [28] Following the old saying that "knowledge is power", companies are seeking to infer increasingly intimate properties about their customers as a way to gain an edge over their competitors. [27] Researchers from Human Longevity, Inc. (HLI) have published a study in which individual faces and other physical traits were predicted using whole genome sequencing data and machine learning. [26] Artificial intelligence can improve health care by analyzing data from apps, smartphones and wearable technology. [25] Now, researchers at Google's DeepMind have developed a simple algorithm to handle such reasoning—and it has already beaten humans at a complex image comprehension test. [24] A marimba-playing robot with four arms and eight sticks is writing and playing its own compositions in a lab at the Georgia Institute of Technology. The pieces are generated using artificial intelligence and deep learning. [23] Now, a team of researchers at MIT and elsewhere has developed a new approach to such computations, using light instead of electricity, which they say could vastly improve the speed and efficiency of certain deep learning computations. [22] Physicists have found that the structure of certain types of quantum learning algorithms is very similar to their classical counterparts—a finding that will help scientists further develop the quantum versions. [21] We should remain optimistic that quantum computing and AI will continue to improve our lives, but we also should continue to hold companies, organizations, and governments accountable for how our private data is used, as well as the technology's impact on the environment. [20] It's man vs machine this week as Google's artificial intelligence programme AlphaGo faces the world's top-ranked Go player in a contest expected to end in another victory for rapid advances in AI. [19]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[625] viXra:1810.0499 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-31 06:01:34

AI Recognize Galaxies

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 36 Pages.

Researchers have taught an artificial intelligence program used to recognise faces on Facebook to identify galaxies in deep space. [22] Now, researchers at Stanford University have devised a new type of artificially intelligent camera system that can classify images faster and more energy efficiently, and that could one day be built small enough to be embedded in the devices themselves, something that is not possible today. [21] Today, deep neural networks with different architectures, such as convolutional, recurrent and autoencoder networks, are becoming an increasingly popular area of research. [20] A deep neural network running on an ordinary desktop computer is interpreting highly technical data related to national security as well as—and sometimes better than— today's best automated methods or even human experts. [19] Scientists at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA), located at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, have pioneered the use of GPU-accelerated deep learning for rapid detection and characterization of gravitational waves. [18] Researchers from Queen Mary University of London have developed a mathematical model for the emergence of innovations. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images. Elizabeth Holm, professor of materials science and engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, is leveraging this technology to better understand the enormous number of research images accumulated in the field of materials science. [13]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[624] viXra:1810.0488 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-29 12:20:08

AI and NMR Spectroscopy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

A team of EPFL scientists has now written a machine-learning program that can predict, in record time, how atoms will respond to an applied magnetic field. [30] Researchers from the University of Luxembourg, Technische Universität Berlin, and the Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society have combined machine learning and quantum mechanics to predict the dynamics and atomic interactions in molecules. [29] For the first time, physicists have demonstrated that machine learning can reconstruct a quantum system based on relatively few experimental measurements. [28] AlphaZero plays very unusually; not like a human, but also not like a typical computer. Instead, it plays with "real artificial" intelligence. [27] Predictions for an AI-dominated future are increasingly common, but Antoine Blondeau has experience in reading, and arguably manipulating, the runes—he helped develop technology that evolved into predictive texting and Apple's Siri. [26] Artificial intelligence can improve health care by analyzing data from apps, smartphones and wearable technology. [25] Now, researchers at Google's DeepMind have developed a simple algorithm to handle such reasoning—and it has already beaten humans at a complex image comprehension test. [24] A marimba-playing robot with four arms and eight sticks is writing and playing its own compositions in a lab at the Georgia Institute of Technology. The pieces are generated using artificial intelligence and deep learning. [23] Now, a team of researchers at MIT and elsewhere has developed a new approach to such computations, using light instead of electricity, which they say could vastly improve the speed and efficiency of certain deep learning computations. [22] Physicists have found that the structure of certain types of quantum learning algorithms is very similar to their classical counterparts—a finding that will help scientists further develop the quantum versions. [21] We should remain optimistic that quantum computing and AI will continue to improve our lives, but we also should continue to hold companies, organizations, and governments accountable for how our private data is used, as well as the technology's impact on the environment. [20]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[623] viXra:1810.0450 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-26 07:27:57

Machine Learning Quantum Magnetometer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT), Aalto University in Finland, and ETH Zurich have demonstrated a prototype device that uses quantum effects and machine learning to measure magnetic fields more accurately than its classical analogues. [26] Researchers at the University of California San Diego have developed an approach that uses machine learning to identify and predict which genes make infectious bacteria resistant to antibiotics. [25] AI combined with stem cells promises a faster approach to disease prevention. Andrew Masterson reports. According to product chief Trystan Upstill, the news app "uses the best of artificial intelligence to find the best of human intelligence—the great reporting done by journalists around the globe." [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an aMAZE -ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[622] viXra:1810.0433 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-25 09:10:32

Machine Learning Antibiotic Resistance

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

Researchers at the University of California San Diego have developed an approach that uses machine learning to identify and predict which genes make infectious bacteria resistant to antibiotics. [25] AI combined with stem cells promises a faster approach to disease prevention. Andrew Masterson reports. According to product chief Trystan Upstill, the news app "uses the best of artificial intelligence to find the best of human intelligence—the great reporting done by journalists around the globe." [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an aMAZE -ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[621] viXra:1810.0431 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-25 09:28:30

AI Help Seniors Stay Safe

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 34 Pages.

An autonomous intelligence system is helping seniors stay safe both at home and in care facilities, thanks to a collaboration between University of Alberta computing scientists and software technology company Spxtrm AI. [22] Now, researchers at Stanford University have devised a new type of artificially intelligent camera system that can classify images faster and more energy efficiently, and that could one day be built small enough to be embedded in the devices themselves, something that is not possible today. [21] Today, deep neural networks with different architectures, such as convolutional, recurrent and autoencoder networks, are becoming an increasingly popular area of research. [20] A deep neural network running on an ordinary desktop computer is interpreting highly technical data related to national security as well as—and sometimes better than— today's best automated methods or even human experts. [19] Scientists at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA), located at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, have pioneered the use of GPU-accelerated deep learning for rapid detection and characterization of gravitational waves. [18] Researchers from Queen Mary University of London have developed a mathematical model for the emergence of innovations. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images. Elizabeth Holm, professor of materials science and engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, is leveraging this technology to better understand the enormous number of research images accumulated in the field of materials science. [13]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[620] viXra:1810.0414 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-24 08:25:24

AI to Create Fragrances

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

With this in mind, my team at IBM Research, together with Symrise, one of the top global producers of flavors and fragrances, created an AI system that can learn about formulas, raw materials, historical success data and industry trends. [25] The New York Times contacted IBM Research in late September asking for our help to use AI in a clever way to create art for the coming special section on AI. [24] Granting human rights to a computer would degrade human dignity. [23] IBM researchers are developing a new computer architecture, better equipped to handle increased data loads from artificial intelligence. [22] A computer built to mimic the brain's neural networks produces similar results to that of the best brain-simulation supercomputer software currently used for neural-signaling research, finds a new study published in the open-access journal Frontiers in Neuroscience. [21] The possibility of cognitive nuclear-spin processing came to Fisher in part through studies performed in the 1980s that reported a remarkable lithium isotope dependence on the behavior of mother rats. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society (CNS), cognitive neuroscientists increasingly are using those emerging artificial networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[619] viXra:1810.0413 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-24 09:11:15

Search Engines Entropy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 34 Pages.

Search engine entropy is thus important not only for the efficiency of search engines and those using them to find relevant information as well as to the success of the companies and other bodies running such systems, but also to those who run websites hoping to be found and visited following a search. [20] "We've experimentally confirmed the connection between information in the classical case and the quantum case," Murch said, "and we're seeing this new effect of information loss." [19] It's well-known that when a quantum system is continuously measured, it freezes, i.e., it stops changing, which is due to a phenomenon called the quantum Zeno effect. [18] Physicists have extended one of the most prominent fluctuation theorems of classical stochastic thermodynamics, the Jarzynski equality, to quantum field theory. [17] In 1993, physicist Lucien Hardy proposed an experiment showing that there is a small probability (around 6-9%) of observing a particle and its antiparticle interacting with each other without annihilating—something that is impossible in classical physics. [16] Scientists at the University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland, recently reengineered their data processing, demonstrating that 16 million atoms were entangled in a one-centimetre crystal. [15] The fact that it is possible to retrieve this lost information reveals new insight into the fundamental nature of quantum measurements, mainly by supporting the idea that quantum measurements contain both quantum and classical components. [14] Researchers blur the line between classical and quantum physics by connecting chaos and entanglement. [13] Yale University scientists have reached a milestone in their efforts to extend the durability and dependability of quantum information. [12] Using lasers to make data storage faster than ever. [11] Some three-dimensional materials can exhibit exotic properties that only exist in "lower" dimensions.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[618] viXra:1810.0377 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-22 07:35:12

Algorithm Predict LED Materials

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

Researchers from the University of Houston have devised a new machine learning algorithm that is efficient enough to run on a personal computer and predict the properties of more than 100,000 compounds in search of those most likely to be efficient phosphors for LED lighting. [30] Researchers from the University of Luxembourg, Technische Universität Berlin, and the Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society have combined machine learning and quantum mechanics to predict the dynamics and atomic interactions in molecules. [29] For the first time, physicists have demonstrated that machine learning can reconstruct a quantum system based on relatively few experimental measurements. [28] AlphaZero plays very unusually; not like a human, but also not like a typical computer. Instead, it plays with "real artificial" intelligence. [27] Predictions for an AI-dominated future are increasingly common, but Antoine Blondeau has experience in reading, and arguably manipulating, the runes—he helped develop technology that evolved into predictive texting and Apple's Siri. [26] Artificial intelligence can improve health care by analyzing data from apps, smartphones and wearable technology. [25] Now, researchers at Google's DeepMind have developed a simple algorithm to handle such reasoning—and it has already beaten humans at a complex image comprehension test. [24] A marimba-playing robot with four arms and eight sticks is writing and playing its own compositions in a lab at the Georgia Institute of Technology. The pieces are generated using artificial intelligence and deep learning. [23] Now, a team of researchers at MIT and elsewhere has developed a new approach to such computations, using light instead of electricity, which they say could vastly improve the speed and efficiency of certain deep learning computations. [22] Physicists have found that the structure of certain types of quantum learning algorithms is very similar to their classical counterparts—a finding that will help scientists further develop the quantum versions. [21] We should remain optimistic that quantum computing and AI will continue to improve our lives, but we also should continue to hold companies, organizations, and governments accountable for how our private data is used, as well as the technology's impact on the environment. [20]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[617] viXra:1810.0376 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-22 08:06:06

AI and Human Creativity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

The New York Times contacted IBM Research in late September asking for our help to use AI in a clever way to create art for the coming special section on AI. [24] Granting human rights to a computer would degrade human dignity. [23] IBM researchers are developing a new computer architecture, better equipped to handle increased data loads from artificial intelligence. [22] A computer built to mimic the brain's neural networks produces similar results to that of the best brain-simulation supercomputer software currently used for neural-signaling research, finds a new study published in the open-access journal Frontiers in Neuroscience. [21] The possibility of cognitive nuclear-spin processing came to Fisher in part through studies performed in the 1980s that reported a remarkable lithium isotope dependence on the behavior of mother rats. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society (CNS), cognitive neuroscientists increasingly are using those emerging artificial networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[616] viXra:1810.0361 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-23 01:45:49

AI Carry out Experiments

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

There's plenty of speculation about what artificial intelligence, or AI, will look like in the future, but researchers from The Australian National University (ANU) are already harnessing its power. [25] The New York Times contacted IBM Research in late September asking for our help to use AI in a clever way to create art for the coming special section on AI. [24] Granting human rights to a computer would degrade human dignity. [23] IBM researchers are developing a new computer architecture, better equipped to handle increased data loads from artificial intelligence. [22] A computer built to mimic the brain's neural networks produces similar results to that of the best brain-simulation supercomputer software currently used for neural-signaling research, finds a new study published in the open-access journal Frontiers in Neuroscience. [21] The possibility of cognitive nuclear-spin processing came to Fisher in part through studies performed in the 1980s that reported a remarkable lithium isotope dependence on the behavior of mother rats. [20]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[615] viXra:1810.0302 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-20 04:10:30

Interactions in Molecules Using AI

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

Researchers from the University of Luxembourg, Technische Universität Berlin, and the Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society have combined machine learning and quantum mechanics to predict the dynamics and atomic interactions in molecules. [29] For the first time, physicists have demonstrated that machine learning can reconstruct a quantum system based on relatively few experimental measurements. [28] AlphaZero plays very unusually; not like a human, but also not like a typical computer. Instead, it plays with "real artificial" intelligence. [27] Predictions for an AI-dominated future are increasingly common, but Antoine Blondeau has experience in reading, and arguably manipulating, the runes—he helped develop technology that evolved into predictive texting and Apple's Siri. [26] Artificial intelligence can improve health care by analyzing data from apps, smartphones and wearable technology. [25] Now, researchers at Google's DeepMind have developed a simple algorithm to handle such reasoning—and it has already beaten humans at a complex image comprehension test. [24] A marimba-playing robot with four arms and eight sticks is writing and playing its own compositions in a lab at the Georgia Institute of Technology. The pieces are generated using artificial intelligence and deep learning. [23] Now, a team of researchers at MIT and elsewhere has developed a new approach to such computations, using light instead of electricity, which they say could vastly improve the speed and efficiency of certain deep learning computations. [22] Physicists have found that the structure of certain types of quantum learning algorithms is very similar to their classical counterparts—a finding that will help scientists further develop the quantum versions. [21] We should remain optimistic that quantum computing and AI will continue to improve our lives, but we also should continue to hold companies, organizations, and governments accountable for how our private data is used, as well as the technology's impact on the environment. [20] It's man vs machine this week as Google's artificial intelligence programme AlphaGo faces the world's top-ranked Go player in a contest expected to end in another victory for rapid advances in AI. [19]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[614] viXra:1810.0246 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-15 07:27:43

Quantum Computers with Machine Learning

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

But researchers at Purdue University are working on a solution, combining quantum algorithms with classical computing on small-scale quantum computers to speed up database accessibility. [23] Researchers at the University of Twente, working with colleagues at the Technical Universities of Delft and Eindhoven, have successfully developed a new and interesting building block. [22] Researchers at the Institut d'Optique Graduate School at the CNRS and Université Paris-Saclay in France have used a laser-based technique to rearrange cold atoms one-by-one into fully ordered 3D patterns. [21] Reduced entropy in a three-dimensional lattice of super-cooled, laser-trapped atoms could help speed progress toward creating quantum computers. [20] Under certain conditions, an atom can cause other atoms to emit a flash of light. At TU Wien (Vienna), this quantum effect has now been measured. [19] A recent discovery by William & Mary and University of Michigan researchers transforms our understanding of one of the most important laws of modern physics. [18] Now, a team of physicists from The University of Queensland and the NÉEL Institute has shown that, as far as quantum physics is concerned, the chicken and the egg can both come first. [17] In 1993, physicist Lucien Hardy proposed an experiment showing that there is a small probability (around 6-9%) of observing a particle and its antiparticle interacting with each other without annihilating—something that is impossible in classical physics. [16] Scientists at the University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland, recently reengineered their data processing, demonstrating that 16 million atoms were entangled in a one-centimetre crystal. [15]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[613] viXra:1810.0245 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-15 07:46:43

AI of Single Molecules in Cells

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

A research team centered at Osaka University, in collaboration with RIKEN, has developed a system that can overcome these difficulties by automatically searching for, focusing on, imaging, and tracking single molecules within living cells. [24] But researchers at Purdue University are working on a solution, combining quantum algorithms with classical computing on small-scale quantum computers to speed up database accessibility. [23] Researchers at the University of Twente, working with colleagues at the Technical Universities of Delft and Eindhoven, have successfully developed a new and interesting building block. [22] Researchers at the Institut d'Optique Graduate School at the CNRS and Université Paris-Saclay in France have used a laser-based technique to rearrange cold atoms one-by-one into fully ordered 3D patterns. [21] Reduced entropy in a three-dimensional lattice of super-cooled, laser-trapped atoms could help speed progress toward creating quantum computers. [20] Under certain conditions, an atom can cause other atoms to emit a flash of light. At TU Wien (Vienna), this quantum effect has now been measured. [19] A recent discovery by William & Mary and University of Michigan researchers transforms our understanding of one of the most important laws of modern physics. [18] Now, a team of physicists from The University of Queensland and the NÉEL Institute has shown that, as far as quantum physics is concerned, the chicken and the egg can both come first. [17] In 1993, physicist Lucien Hardy proposed an experiment showing that there is a small probability (around 6-9%) of observing a particle and its antiparticle interacting with each other without annihilating—something that is impossible in classical physics. [16]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[612] viXra:1810.0243 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-15 10:03:13

Analog Information AI System

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

A NIMS research group has invented an ionic device, termed an ionic decision-maker, capable of quickly making its own decisions based on previous experience using changes in ionic/molecular concentrations. [25] A research team centered at Osaka University, in collaboration with RIKEN, has developed a system that can overcome these difficulties by automatically searching for, focusing on, imaging, and tracking single molecules within living cells. [24] But researchers at Purdue University are working on a solution, combining quantum algorithms with classical computing on small-scale quantum computers to speed up database accessibility. [23] Researchers at the University of Twente, working with colleagues at the Technical Universities of Delft and Eindhoven, have successfully developed a new and interesting building block. [22] Researchers at the Institut d'Optique Graduate School at the CNRS and Université Paris-Saclay in France have used a laser-based technique to rearrange cold atoms one-by-one into fully ordered 3D patterns. [21] Reduced entropy in a three-dimensional lattice of super-cooled, laser-trapped atoms could help speed progress toward creating quantum computers. [20] Under certain conditions, an atom can cause other atoms to emit a flash of light. At TU Wien (Vienna), this quantum effect has now been measured. [19] A recent discovery by William & Mary and University of Michigan researchers transforms our understanding of one of the most important laws of modern physics. [18] Now, a team of physicists from The University of Queensland and the NÉEL Institute has shown that, as far as quantum physics is concerned, the chicken and the egg can both come first. [17]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[611] viXra:1810.0110 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-07 12:53:48

Machine Learning Heart Picture

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 37 Pages.

To meet that demand, IBM researchers in Australia are using POWER9 systems, with Nvidia Tesla V100 graphics processing units (GPUs), to perform hemodynamic simulations for vFFR-based diagnosis within one to two minutes. [23] IBM researchers are developing a new computer architecture, better equipped to handle increased data loads from artificial intelligence. [22] A computer built to mimic the brain's neural networks produces similar results to that of the best brain-simulation supercomputer software currently used for neural-signaling research, finds a new study published in the open-access journal Frontiers in Neuroscience. [21] The possibility of cognitive nuclear-spin processing came to Fisher in part through studies performed in the 1980s that reported a remarkable lithium isotope dependence on the behavior of mother rats. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society (CNS), cognitive neuroscientists increasingly are using those emerging artificial networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[610] viXra:1810.0100 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-08 05:03:15

Cooperation for Vehicular Delay Tolerant Network

Authors: Adnan Muhammad
Comments: 8 Pages.

This article reviews the literature related to Vehicular Delay Tolerant Network with focus on Cooperation. It starts by examining definitions of some of the fields of research in VDTN. An overview of VDTN with cooperative networks is presented
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[609] viXra:1810.0097 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-06 07:55:21

AI Person Under the Law

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

Granting human rights to a computer would degrade human dignity. [23] IBM researchers are developing a new computer architecture, better equipped to handle increased data loads from artificial intelligence. [22] A computer built to mimic the brain's neural networks produces similar results to that of the best brain-simulation supercomputer software currently used for neural-signaling research, finds a new study published in the open-access journal Frontiers in Neuroscience. [21]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[608] viXra:1810.0094 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-06 14:03:52

Regression in Wireless Sensor Networks

Authors: Muhammad Kashif Ghumman, Tauseef Jamal
Comments: 8 Pages. DCIS0710

In WSN, the main purpose of regression is to locate the nodes by prediction on the basis of readings. This article explains the concept of regression according to WSN perspective and on the basic of these concepts the clustering of nodes through multi-linear regression originates by combing the ideas of locating the nodes through regression and how to utilize nodes parameters in multilinear regression formula.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[607] viXra:1810.0060 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-06 04:55:16

Universal Forecasting Scheme-New

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 4 Pages.

In this research investigation, the author has detailed a novel method of forecasting.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[606] viXra:1810.0050 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-04 15:08:20

Refutation of Another Neutrosophic Genetic Algorithm

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to the author by email at: info@ersatz-systems dot com.

The instant neutrosophic intelligent system based on genetic algorithm is not confirmed.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[605] viXra:1810.0042 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-03 07:06:39

A Novel Approach for Classify Manets Attacks with a Neutrosophic Intelligent System Based on Genetic Algorithm

Authors: Haitham Elwahsh, Mona Gamal, A. A. Salama, I. M. El-Henawy
Comments: 10 Pages.

Recently designing an effective intrusion detection systems (IDS) within Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Security (MANETs) becomes a requirement because of the amount of indeterminacy and doubt exist in that environment. Neutrosophic system is a discipline that makes a mathematical formulation for the indeterminacy found in such complex situations. Neutrosophic rules compute with symbols instead of numeric values making a good base for symbolic reasoning. These symbols should be carefully designed as they form the propositions base for the neutrosophic rules (NR) in the IDS. Each attack is determined by membership, nonmembership, and indeterminacy degrees in neutrosophic system. This research proposes a MANETs attack inference by a hybrid framework of Self-Organized Features Maps (SOFM) and the genetic algorithms (GA). The hybrid utilizes the unsupervised learning capabilities of the SOFM to define the MANETs neutrosophic conditional variables. The neutrosophic variables along with the training data set are fed into the genetic algorithm to find the most fit neutrosophic rule set from a number of initial subattacks according to the fitness function. This method is designed to detect unknown attacks in MANETs. The simulation and experimental results are conducted on the KDD-99 network attacks data available in the UCI machine-learning repository for further processing in knowledge discovery. The experiments cleared the feasibility of the proposed hybrid by an average accuracy of 99.3608 % which is more accurate than other IDS found in literature.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[604] viXra:1810.0033 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-04 04:39:53

Brain-Inspired AI Architecture

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 36 Pages.

IBM researchers are developing a new computer architecture, better equipped to handle increased data loads from artificial intelligence. [22] A computer built to mimic the brain's neural networks produces similar results to that of the best brain-simulation supercomputer software currently used for neural-signaling research, finds a new study published in the open-access journal Frontiers in Neuroscience. [21] The possibility of cognitive nuclear-spin processing came to Fisher in part through studies performed in the 1980s that reported a remarkable lithium isotope dependence on the behavior of mother rats. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society (CNS), cognitive neuroscientists increasingly are using those emerging artificial networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[603] viXra:1810.0013 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-01 07:19:49

Machine Learning Helps Photonic Applications

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

Photonic nanostructures can be used for many applications besides solar cells—for example, optical sensors for cancer markers or other biomolecules. [36] Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) have expansive applications in biotechnology and advanced engineering with growing interest in materials science and engineering due to their potential in emerging systems. [35] Researchers at Griffith University working with Australia's Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) have unveiled a stunningly accurate technique for scientific measurements which uses a single atom as the sensor, with sensitivity down to 100 zeptoNewtons. [34] Researchers at the Center for Quantum Nanoscience within the Institute for Basic Science (IBS) have made a major breakthrough in controlling the quantum properties of single atoms. [33] A team of researchers from several institutions in Japan has described a physical system that can be described as existing above "absolute hot" and also below absolute zero. [32] A silicon-based quantum computing device could be closer than ever due to a new experimental device that demonstrates the potential to use light as a messenger to connect quantum bits of information—known as qubits—that are not immediately adjacent to each other. [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[602] viXra:1809.0510 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-24 09:05:05

Ai Create 100,000 New Tunes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

"It will be interesting to see if this collection is used to train future generations of computer models," Sturm says. [27] Now, a team of A*STAR researchers and colleagues has developed a detector that can successfully pick out where human actions will occur in videos, in almost real-time. [26] A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Germany and the U.S. has developed a deep learning algorithm that can be used for motion capture of animals of any kind. [25] In 2016, when we inaugurated our new IBM Research lab in Johannesburg, we took on this challenge and are reporting our first promising results at Health Day at the KDD Data Science Conference in London this month. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning—a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data—with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21] The possibility of cognitive nuclear-spin processing came to Fisher in part through studies performed in the 1980s that reported a remarkable lithium isotope dependence on the behavior of mother rats. [20]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[601] viXra:1809.0507 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-24 10:09:22

Chip Up AI Performance

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Princeton researchers, in collaboration with Analog Devices Inc., have fabricated a chip that markedly boosts the performance and efficiency of neural networks—computer algorithms modeled on the workings of the human brain. [28] "It will be interesting to see if this collection is used to train future generations of computer models," Sturm says. [27] Now, a team of A*STAR researchers and colleagues has developed a detector that can successfully pick out where human actions will occur in videos, in almost real-time. [26] A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Germany and the U.S. has developed a deep learning algorithm that can be used for motion capture of animals of any kind. [25] In 2016, when we inaugurated our new IBM Research lab in Johannesburg, we took on this challenge and are reporting our first promising results at Health Day at the KDD Data Science Conference in London this month. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning—a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data—with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[600] viXra:1809.0506 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-24 10:28:49

Sensor Surface on Robot Skin

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 36 Pages.

Robots will be able to conduct a wide variety of tasks as well as humans if they can be given tactile sensing capabilities. [25] A new type of artificial-intelligence-driven chemistry could r evolutionise the way molecules are discovered, scientists claim. [24] Tired of writing your own boring code for new software? Finally, there's an AI that can do it for you. [23] Welcome to Move Mirror, where you move in front of your webcam. [22] Understanding how a robot will react under different conditions is essential to guaranteeing its safe operation. [21] Marculescu, along with ECE Ph.D. student Chieh Lo, has developed a machine learning algorithm—called MPLasso—that uses data to infer associations and interactions between microbes in the GI microbiome. [20] A team of researchers from the University of Muenster in Germany has now demonstrated that this combination is extremely well suited to planning chemical syntheses—so-called retrosyntheses—with unprecedented efficiency. [19] Two physicists at ETH Zurich and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have developed a novel machine-learning algorithm that analyses large data sets describing a physical system and extract from them the essential information needed to understand the underlying physics. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[599] viXra:1809.0499 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-25 04:53:00

AI Improve Drug Combination

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

A new auto-commentary published in SLAS Technology looks at how an emerging area of artificial intelligence, specifically the analysis of small systems-of-interest specific datasets, can be used to improve drug development and personalized medicine. [25] And if that isn't surprising enough, try this one: in many cases, doctors have no idea what side effects might arise from adding another drug to a patient's personal pharmacy. [24] Intel's Gadi Singer believes his most important challenge is his latest: using artificial intelligence (AI) to reshape scientific exploration. [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an aMAZE -ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[598] viXra:1809.0473 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-22 08:31:02

Neural Networks Identify Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 85 Pages.

The work will help to improve the sensitivity of detection for the PandaX-III neutrinoless double beta decay experiment, and deepen our knowledge of the nature of neutrinos. [45] The interactions of quarks and gluons are computed using lattice quantum chromodynamics (QCD)—a computer-friendly version of the mathematical framework that describes these strong-force interactions. [44] The building blocks of matter in our universe were formed in the first 10 microseconds of its existence, according to the currently accepted scientific picture. [43] In a recent experiment at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln, plasma electrons in the paths of intense laser light pulses were almost instantly accelerated close to the speed of light. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning—all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[597] viXra:1809.0437 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-19 10:43:44

Image Analysis with Deep Learning

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

IBM researchers are applying deep learning to discover ways to overcome some of the technical challenges that AI can face when analyzing X-rays and other medical images. [27] Now, a team of A*STAR researchers and colleagues has developed a detector that can successfully pick out where human actions will occur in videos, in almost real-time. [26] A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Germany and the U.S. has developed a deep learning algorithm that can be used for motion capture of animals of any kind. [25] In 2016, when we inaugurated our new IBM Research lab in Johannesburg, we took on this challenge and are reporting our first promising results at Health Day at the KDD Data Science Conference in London this month. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning—a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data—with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[596] viXra:1809.0364 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-18 11:24:53

Idealistic Neural Networks

Authors: Tofara Moyo
Comments: 3 Pages.

I describe an Artificial Neural Network, where we have mapped words to individual neurons instead of having them as variables to be fed into a network. The process of changing training cases will be equivalent to a Dropout procedure where we replace some (or all) of the words/neurons in the previous training case with new ones. Each neuron/word then takes in as input, all the b weights of the other neurons, and weights them all with its personal a weight. To learn this network uses the backpropagation algorithm after calculating an error from the output of an output neuron that will be a traditional neuron. This network then has a unique topology and functions with no inputs. We will use coordinate gradient decent to learn where we alternate between training the a weights of the words and the b weights. The Idealistic Neural Network, is an extremely shallow network that can represent non-linearity complexity in a linear outfit.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[595] viXra:1809.0357 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-17 12:53:02

Machine Learning Human Cell

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 34 Pages.

Scientists at the Allen Institute have used machine learning to train computers to see parts of the cell the human eye cannot easily distinguish. [21] Small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) is one of a number of biophysical techniques used for determining the structural characteristics of biomolecules. [20] A deep neural network running on an ordinary desktop computer is interpreting highly technical data related to national security as well as—and sometimes better than— today's best automated methods or even human experts. [19] Scientists at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA), located at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, have pioneered the use of GPU-accelerated deep learning for rapid detection and characterization of gravitational waves. [18] Researchers from Queen Mary University of London have developed a mathematical model for the emergence of innovations. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images. Elizabeth Holm, professor of materials science and engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, is leveraging this technology to better understand the enormous number of research images accumulated in the field of materials science. [13] With the help of artificial intelligence, chemists from the University of Basel in Switzerland have computed the characteristics of about two million crystals made up of four chemical elements. The researchers were able to identify 90 previously unknown thermodynamically stable crystals that can be regarded as new materials. [12]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[594] viXra:1809.0354 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-17 13:17:17

AI can Tell if Restaurant Review Fake

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

Researchers find AI-generated reviews and comments pose a significant threat to consumers, but machine learning can help detect the fakes. [28] Following the old saying that "knowledge is power", companies are seeking to infer increasingly intimate properties about their customers as a way to gain an edge over their competitors. [27] Researchers from Human Longevity, Inc. (HLI) have published a study in which individual faces and other physical traits were predicted using whole genome sequencing data and machine learning. [26] Artificial intelligence can improve health care by analyzing data from apps, smartphones and wearable technology. [25] Now, researchers at Google's DeepMind have developed a simple algorithm to handle such reasoning—and it has already beaten humans at a complex image comprehension test. [24] A marimba-playing robot with four arms and eight sticks is writing and playing its own compositions in a lab at the Georgia Institute of Technology. The pieces are generated using artificial intelligence and deep learning. [23] Now, a team of researchers at MIT and elsewhere has developed a new approach to such computations, using light instead of electricity, which they say could vastly improve the speed and efficiency of certain deep learning computations. [22] Physicists have found that the structure of certain types of quantum learning algorithms is very similar to their classical counterparts—a finding that will help scientists further develop the quantum versions. [21] We should remain optimistic that quantum computing and AI will continue to improve our lives, but we also should continue to hold companies, organizations, and governments accountable for how our private data is used, as well as the technology's impact on the environment. [20] It's man vs machine this week as Google's artificial intelligence programme AlphaGo faces the world's top-ranked Go player in a contest expected to end in another victory for rapid advances in AI. [19] Google's computer programs are gaining a better understanding of the world, and now it wants them to handle more of the decision-making for the billions of people who use its services. [18]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[593] viXra:1809.0258 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-12 10:29:29

AI-Based Robots and Drones

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

What if a parent could feel safe allowing a drone to walk their child to the bus stop? [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society (CNS), cognitive neuroscientists increasingly are using those emerging artificial networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] Now researchers at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and UC Berkeley have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[592] viXra:1809.0242 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-11 12:59:41

Deep-See Images with AI

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

The evaluation of very large amounts of data is becoming increasingly relevant in ocean research. [27] An LMU study now shows that new algorithms allow interactions in the atmosphere to be modeled more rapidly without loss of reliability. [26] Progress on new artificial intelligence (AI) technology could make monitoring at water treatment plants cheaper and easier and help safeguard public health. [25] And if that isn't surprising enough, try this one: in many cases, doctors have no idea what side effects might arise from adding another drug to a patient's personal pharmacy. [24] Intel's Gadi Singer believes his most important challenge is his latest: using artificial intelligence (AI) to reshape scientific exploration. [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an aMAZE -ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[591] viXra:1809.0212 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-10 09:58:43

AI Climate Computation

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

An LMU study now shows that new algorithms allow interactions in the atmosphere to be modeled more rapidly without loss of reliability. [26] Progress on new artificial intelligence (AI) technology could make monitoring at water treatment plants cheaper and easier and help safeguard public health. [25] And if that isn't surprising enough, try this one: in many cases, doctors have no idea what side effects might arise from adding another drug to a patient's personal pharmacy. [24] Intel's Gadi Singer believes his most important challenge is his latest: using artificial intelligence (AI) to reshape scientific exploration. [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an aMAZE -ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[590] viXra:1809.0190 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-11 02:49:13

Thoughts About Thinking

Authors: Lev I. Verkhovsky
Comments: 11 Pages. The article in Russian

A geometric model illustrating the basic mechanisms of thinking -- logical and intuitive -- is proposed. The thinking of man and the problems of creating artificial intelligence are discussed. Although the article was published in the Russian popular science journal «Chemistry and Life» in 1989 No. 7, according to the author, it is not obsolete. In Russian.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[589] viXra:1809.0136 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-06 06:57:56

Machine Learning Material Spectra

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

Use of big data analysis techniques has been attracting attention in materials science applications, and researchers at The University of Tokyo Institute of Industrial Science realized that such techniques could be used to interpret much larger numbers of spectra than traditional approaches. [25] Researchers have mathematically proven that a powerful classical machine learning algorithm should work on quantum computers. [24] Researchers at Oregon State University have used deep learning to decipher which ribonucleic acids have the potential to encode proteins. [23] A new method allows researchers to systematically identify specialized proteins that unpack DNA inside the nucleus of a cell, making the usually dense DNA more accessible for gene expression and other functions. [22] Bacterial systems are some of the simplest and most effective platforms for the expression of recombinant proteins. [21] Now, in a new paper published in Nature Structural & Molecular Biology, Mayo researchers have determined how one DNA repair protein gets to the site of DNA damage. [20] A microscopic thread of DNA evidence in a public genealogy database led California authorities to declare this spring they had caught the Golden State Killer, the rapist and murderer who had eluded authorities for decades. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[588] viXra:1809.0101 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-06 03:14:06

Machine Learning Predicts Metabolism

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 33 Pages.

Machine learning algorithms that can predict yeast metabolism from its protein content have been developed by scientists at the Francis Crick Institute. [21] Marculescu, along with ECE Ph.D. student Chieh Lo, has developed a machine learning algorithm—called MPLasso—that uses data to infer associations and interactions between microbes in the GI microbiome. [20] A team of researchers from the University of Muenster in Germany has now demonstrated that this combination is extremely well suited to planning chemical syntheses—so-called retrosyntheses—with unprecedented efficiency. [19] Two physicists at ETH Zurich and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have developed a novel machine-learning algorithm that analyses large data sets describing a physical system and extract from them the essential information needed to understand the underlying physics. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images. Elizabeth Holm, professor of materials science and engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, is leveraging this technology to better understand the enormous number of research images accumulated in the field of materials science. [13]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[587] viXra:1809.0033 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-03 06:34:04

A Novel Representation Of A Natural Number, A Set Of Natural Numbers And One Step Growth Of Any Natural Number Represented By Primality Trees (Version 2)

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 2 Pages.

In this research investigation the author has presented a novel representation of any natural number as a Primality Tree. Also, the author has presented a novel representation of a given set of any natural numbers. Furthermore, finally, the author has presented the novel representation of One step growth of any number and also any set of natural numbers as a Primality Tree.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[586] viXra:1809.0007 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-01 03:59:47

AI Meets Your Shopping Experience

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

This shift from reactive to predictive marketing could change the way you shop, bringing you suggestions you perhaps never even considered, all possible because of AI-related opportunities for both retailers and their customers. [27] Now, a team of A*STAR researchers and colleagues has developed a detector that can successfully pick out where human actions will occur in videos, in almost real-time. [26] A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Germany and the U.S. has developed a deep learning algorithm that can be used for motion capture of animals of any kind. [25] In 2016, when we inaugurated our new IBM Research lab in Johannesburg, we took on this challenge and are reporting our first promising results at Health Day at the KDD Data Science Conference in London this month. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning—a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data—with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[585] viXra:1808.0688 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-31 07:50:44

Deep Learning Human Activities

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

Now, a team of A*STAR researchers and colleagues has developed a detector that can successfully pick out where human actions will occur in videos, in almost real-time. [26] A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Germany and the U.S. has developed a deep learning algorithm that can be used for motion capture of animals of any kind. [25] In 2016, when we inaugurated our new IBM Research lab in Johannesburg, we took on this challenge and are reporting our first promising results at Health Day at the KDD Data Science Conference in London this month. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning—a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data—with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21] The possibility of cognitive nuclear-spin processing came to Fisher in part through studies performed in the 1980s that reported a remarkable lithium isotope dependence on the behavior of mother rats. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society (CNS), cognitive neuroscientists increasingly are using those emerging artificial networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[584] viXra:1808.0686 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-31 08:07:08

AI Exploration of Underwater Habitats

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

Researchers aboard Schmidt Ocean Institute's research vessel Falkor used autonomous underwater robots, along with the Institute's remotely operated vehicle (ROV) SuBastian, to acquire 1.3 million high resolution images of the seafloor at Hydrate Ridge, composing them into the largest known high resolution color 3D model of the seafloor. [27] Now, a team of A*STAR researchers and colleagues has developed a detector that can successfully pick out where human actions will occur in videos, in almost real-time. [26] A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Germany and the U.S. has developed a deep learning algorithm that can be used for motion capture of animals of any kind. [25] In 2016, when we inaugurated our new IBM Research lab in Johannesburg, we took on this challenge and are reporting our first promising results at Health Day at the KDD Data Science Conference in London this month. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning—a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data—with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[583] viXra:1808.0680 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-31 13:02:32

High-Accuracy Inference in Neuromorphic Circuits using Hardware-Aware Training

Authors: Borna Obradovic, Titash Rakshit, Ryan Hatcher, Jorge A. Kittl, Mark S. Rodder
Comments: 12 pages, 18 figures

Neuromorphic Multiply-And-Accumulate (MAC) circuits utilizing synaptic weight elements based on SRAM or novel Non-Volatile Memories (NVMs) provide a promising approach for highly efficient hardware representations of neural networks. NVM density and robustness requirements suggest that off-line training is the right choice for ``edge'' devices, since the requirements for synapse precision are much less stringent. However, off-line training using ideal mathematical weights and activations can result in significant loss of inference accuracy when applied to non-ideal hardware. Non-idealities such as multi-bit quantization of weights and activations, non-linearity of weights, finite max/min ratios of NVM elements, and asymmetry of positive and negative weight components all result in degraded inference accuracy. In this work, it is demonstrated that non-ideal Multi-Layer Perceptron (MLP) architectures using low bitwidth weights and activations can be trained with negligible loss of inference accuracy relative to their Floating Point-trained counterparts using a proposed off-line, continuously differentiable HW-aware training algorithm. The proposed algorithm is applicable to a wide range of hardware models, and uses only standard neural network training methods. The algorithm is demonstrated on the MNIST and EMNIST datasets, using standard MLPs.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[582] viXra:1808.0674 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-31 23:37:56

Which Virtual Personal Assistant Understands Better? Siri, Alexa, or Cortana?

Authors: Ahmed Alqurashi
Comments: 12 Pages.

The purpose of this experiment is to compare the abilities and understanding of virtual personal assistants (VPAs) and investigate which of them gave better understanding through three software; Alexa, Siri and Cortana. These virtual assistants help people and make their life easier by answering questions and performing some digital actions through voice queries. In this experiment, I asked each virtual personal assistant fifty-seven questions under seven categories. The results of this project will help users know that these virtual personal assistants are different software, and know which one of them is better. So, these results will help them decide which device they will prefer to buy since VPA is one of the main features of nowadays personal devices.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[581] viXra:1808.0610 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-27 07:02:11

The Complexity of Student-Project-Resource Matching-Allocation Problems

Authors: Anisse Ismaili
Comments: 6 Pages.

In this technical note, I settle the computational complexity of nonwastefulness and stability in student-project-resource matching-allocation problems, a model that was first proposed by \cite{pc2017}. I show that computing a nonwasteful matching is complete for class $\text{FP}^{\text{NP}}[\text{poly}]$ and computing a stable matching is complete for class $\Sigma_2^P$. These results involve the creation of two fundamental problems: \textsc{ParetoPartition}, shown complete for $\text{FP}^{\text{NP}}[\text{poly}]$, and \textsc{$\forall\exists$-4-Partition}, shown complete for $\Sigma_2^P$. Both are number problems that are hard in the strong sense.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[580] viXra:1808.0604 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-27 12:30:23

Artificial Intelligence Bring Sun Power to Earth

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

Now an artificial intelligence system under development at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) and Princeton University to predict and tame such disruptions has been selected as an Aurora Early Science project by the Argonne Leadership Computing Facility, a DOE Office of Science User Facility. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning—a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data—with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21] The possibility of cognitive nuclear-spin processing came to Fisher in part through studies performed in the 1980s that reported a remarkable lithium isotope dependence on the behavior of mother rats. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society (CNS), cognitive neuroscientists increasingly are using those emerging artificial networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[579] viXra:1808.0594 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-25 09:26:31

AI Locate Risky Dams

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

The team is pinpointing the riskiest dams, using climate models, GIS data, and artificial intelligence to predict the likelihood that rainfall will overtop a dam and cause significant downstream damages to population and critical infrastructure. [26] Governments may soon be able to use artificial intelligence (AI) to easily and cheaply detect problems with roads, bridges and buildings. [25] Scientists led by Daigo Shoji from the Earth-Life Science Institute (Tokyo Institute of Technology) have shown that a type of artificial intelligence called a convolutional neural network can be trained to categorize volcanic ash particle shapes. [24] Intel's Gadi Singer believes his most important challenge is his latest: using artificial intelligence (AI) to reshape scientific exploration. [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an aMAZE -ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[578] viXra:1808.0589 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-25 15:00:52

Minimal and Maximal Models in Reinforcement Learning

Authors: Dimiter Dobrev
Comments: 11 Pages. Bulgarian language

Every test gives us a property that we will call the test result. The extension of this property we will call the test property. The question is, what is this property? Is it a property of the state of the world? The answer is yes and no. If we take an arbitrary model of the world, the answer is no, but if we choose the maximal model of the world, then the answer is yes. We have different models of the world. The minimal model is the one in which the world knows about the past and the future the minimum that it needs. In the maximal model, the world knows everything about the past and the future. With this model, if you throw a dice, the world knows what will be the result and even knows what you're going to do. For example, it knows if you will throw the dice.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[577] viXra:1808.0546 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-25 05:20:14

AI Boost Language Learners

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

IBM Research and Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI) are collaborating on a new approach to help students learn Mandarin. [26] A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Germany and the U.S. has developed a deep learning algorithm that can be used for motion capture of animals of any kind. [25] In 2016, when we inaugurated our new IBM Research lab in Johannesburg, we took on this challenge and are reporting our first promising results at Health Day at the KDD Data Science Conference in London this month. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning—a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data—with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21] The possibility of cognitive nuclear-spin processing came to Fisher in part through studies performed in the 1980s that reported a remarkable lithium isotope dependence on the behavior of mother rats. [20]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[576] viXra:1808.0543 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-23 07:50:13

Deep Learning Motion Capture

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Germany and the U.S. has developed a deep learning algorithm that can be used for motion capture of animals of any kind. [25] In 2016, when we inaugurated our new IBM Research lab in Johannesburg, we took on this challenge and are reporting our first promising results at Health Day at the KDD Data Science Conference in London this month. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning—a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data—with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21] The possibility of cognitive nuclear-spin processing came to Fisher in part through studies performed in the 1980s that reported a remarkable lithium isotope dependence on the behavior of mother rats. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society (CNS), cognitive neuroscientists increasingly are using those emerging artificial networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[575] viXra:1808.0290 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-19 11:43:08

AI for the Film Industry

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

Researchers have developed a system using artificial intelligence that can edit the facial expressions of actors to accurately match dubbed voices, saving time and reducing costs for the film industry. [30] Computer scientists in Australia teamed up with an expert in the University of Toronto's department of English to design an algorithm that writes poetry following the rules of rhyme and metre. [29] For the first time, physicists have demonstrated that machine learning can reconstruct a quantum system based on relatively few experimental measurements. [28] AlphaZero plays very unusually; not like a human, but also not like a typical computer. Instead, it plays with "real artificial" intelligence. [27] Predictions for an AI-dominated future are increasingly common, but Antoine Blondeau has experience in reading, and arguably manipulating, the runes—he helped develop technology that evolved into predictive texting and Apple's Siri. [26] Artificial intelligence can improve health care by analyzing data from apps, smartphones and wearable technology. [25] Now, researchers at Google's DeepMind have developed a simple algorithm to handle such reasoning—and it has already beaten humans at a complex image comprehension test. [24] A marimba-playing robot with four arms and eight sticks is writing and playing its own compositions in a lab at the Georgia Institute of Technology. The pieces are generated using artificial intelligence and deep learning. [23] Now, a team of researchers at MIT and elsewhere has developed a new approach to such computations, using light instead of electricity, which they say could vastly improve the speed and efficiency of certain deep learning computations. [22] Physicists have found that the structure of certain types of quantum learning algorithms is very similar to their classical counterparts—a finding that will help scientists further develop the quantum versions. [21] We should remain optimistic that quantum computing and AI will continue to improve our lives, but we also should continue to hold companies, organizations, and governments accountable for how our private data is used, as well as the technology's impact on the environment. [20]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[574] viXra:1808.0289 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-19 12:02:33

Virtual Reality for Real-World Literacy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 54 Pages.

Virtual reality is moving beyond purely entertainment to become a potential tool in improving literacy, and the University of Otago is behind one groundbreaking approach. [31] Researchers have developed a system using artificial intelligence that can edit the facial expressions of actors to accurately match dubbed voices, saving time and reducing costs for the film industry. [30] Computer scientists in Australia teamed up with an expert in the University of Toronto's department of English to design an algorithm that writes poetry following the rules of rhyme and metre. [29] For the first time, physicists have demonstrated that machine learning can reconstruct a quantum system based on relatively few experimental measurements. [28] AlphaZero plays very unusually; not like a human, but also not like a typical computer. Instead, it plays with "real artificial" intelligence. [27] Predictions for an AI-dominated future are increasingly common, but Antoine Blondeau has experience in reading, and arguably manipulating, the runes—he helped develop technology that evolved into predictive texting and Apple's Siri. [26] Artificial intelligence can improve health care by analyzing data from apps, smartphones and wearable technology. [25] Now, researchers at Google's DeepMind have developed a simple algorithm to handle such reasoning—and it has already beaten humans at a complex image comprehension test. [24] A marimba-playing robot with four arms and eight sticks is writing and playing its own compositions in a lab at the Georgia Institute of Technology. The pieces are generated using artificial intelligence and deep learning. [23] Now, a team of researchers at MIT and elsewhere has developed a new approach to such computations, using light instead of electricity, which they say could vastly improve the speed and efficiency of certain deep learning computations. [22] Physicists have found that the structure of certain types of quantum learning algorithms is very similar to their classical counterparts—a finding that will help scientists further develop the quantum versions. [21]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[573] viXra:1808.0256 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-18 07:35:30

Deep Learning for Neural Networks

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

Today, deep neural networks with different architectures, such as convolutional, recurrent and autoencoder networks, are becoming an increasingly popular area of research. [20] A deep neural network running on an ordinary desktop computer is interpreting highly technical data related to national security as well as—and sometimes better than— today's best automated methods or even human experts. [19] Scientists at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA), located at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, have pioneered the use of GPU-accelerated deep learning for rapid detection and characterization of gravitational waves. [18] Researchers from Queen Mary University of London have developed a mathematical model for the emergence of innovations. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images. Elizabeth Holm, professor of materials science and engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, is leveraging this technology to better understand the enormous number of research images accumulated in the field of materials science. [13] With the help of artificial intelligence, chemists from the University of Basel in Switzerland have computed the characteristics of about two million crystals made up of four chemical elements. The researchers were able to identify 90 previously unknown thermodynamically stable crystals that can be regarded as new materials. [12] The artificial intelligence system's ability to set itself up quickly every morning and compensate for any overnight fluctuations would make this fragile technology much more useful for field measurements, said co-lead researcher Dr Michael Hush from UNSW ADFA. [11]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[572] viXra:1808.0255 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-18 07:55:25

AI Camera of Autonomous Vehicles

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 33 Pages.

Now, researchers at Stanford University have devised a new type of artificially intelligent camera system that can classify images faster and more energy efficiently, and that could one day be built small enough to be embedded in the devices themselves, something that is not possible today. [21] Today, deep neural networks with different architectures, such as convolutional, recurrent and autoencoder networks, are becoming an increasingly popular area of research. [20] A deep neural network running on an ordinary desktop computer is interpreting highly technical data related to national security as well as—and sometimes better than— today's best automated methods or even human experts. [19] Scientists at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA), located at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, have pioneered the use of GPU-accelerated deep learning for rapid detection and characterization of gravitational waves. [18] Researchers from Queen Mary University of London have developed a mathematical model for the emergence of innovations. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images. Elizabeth Holm, professor of materials science and engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, is leveraging this technology to better understand the enormous number of research images accumulated in the field of materials science. [13] With the help of artificial intelligence, chemists from the University of Basel in Switzerland have computed the characteristics of about two million crystals made up of four chemical elements. The researchers were able to identify 90 previously unknown thermodynamically stable crystals that can be regarded as new materials. [12]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[571] viXra:1808.0222 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-17 03:48:53

Human-Computer Communication

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

Many of us regularly ask our smartphones for directions or to play music without giving much thought to the technology that makes it all possible – we just want a quick, accurate response to our voice commands. [26] According to the experts this incredible feat will be achieved in the year 2062 – a mere 44 years away – which certainly begs the question: what will the world, our jobs, the economy, politics, war, and everyday life and death, look like then? [25] While it is undeniable that AI has opened up a wealth of promising opportunities, it has also led to the emergence of a mindset that can be best described as "AI solutionism". [24] Intel's Gadi Singer believes his most important challenge is his latest: using artificial intelligence (AI) to reshape scientific exploration. [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an aMAZE -ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[570] viXra:1808.0220 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-17 04:51:27

AI for Code

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

We have seen significant recent progress in pattern analysis and machine intelligence applied to images, audio and video signals, and natural language text, but not as much applied to another artifact produced by people: computer program source code. [24] Intel's Gadi Singer believes his most important challenge is his latest: using artificial intelligence (AI) to reshape scientific exploration. [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an aMAZE -ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[569] viXra:1808.0176 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-13 05:09:23

Private Data at AI Risk

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 35 Pages.

Vitaly Shmatikov, professor of computer science at Cornell Tech, developed models that determined with more than 90 percent accuracy whether a certain piece of information was used to train a machine learning system. [21] Researchers at King Abdulaziz University, in Saudi Arabia, have recently used Big Data Analytics to detect spatio-temporal events around London, testing the potential of these tools in harnessing valuable live information. [20] To achieve remarkable results in computer vision tasks, deep learning algorithms need to be trained on large-scale annotated datasets that include extensive informationabout every image. [19] Brian Mitchell and Linda Petzold, two researchers at the University of California, have recently applied model-free deep reinforcement learning to models of neural dynamics, achieving very promising results. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images. Elizabeth Holm, professor of materials science and engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, is leveraging this technology to better understand the enormous number of research images accumulated in the field of materials science. [13]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[568] viXra:1808.0175 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-13 05:56:16

Computational Co-Creative Systems

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 37 Pages.

Researchers at UNC Charlotte and the University of Sydney have recently developed a new framework for evaluating creativity in co-creative systems in which humans and computers collaborate on creative tasks. [22] Vitaly Shmatikov, professor of computer science at Cornell Tech, developed models that determined with more than 90 percent accuracy whether a certain piece of information was used to train a machine learning system. [21] Researchers at King Abdulaziz University, in Saudi Arabia, have recently used Big Data Analytics to detect spatio-temporal events around London, testing the potential of these tools in harnessing valuable live information. [20] To achieve remarkable results in computer vision tasks, deep learning algorithms need to be trained on large-scale annotated datasets that include extensive informationabout every image. [19] Brian Mitchell and Linda Petzold, two researchers at the University of California, have recently applied model-free deep reinforcement learning to models of neural dynamics, achieving very promising results. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[567] viXra:1808.0155 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-12 18:21:10

The Complexity of Robust and Resilient $k$-Partition Problems

Authors: Anisse Ismaili, Emi Watanabe
Comments: 3 Pages.

In this paper, we study a $k$-partition problem where a set of agents must be partitioned into a fixed number of $k$ non-empty coalitions. The value of a partition is the sum of the pairwise synergies inside its coalitions. Firstly, we aim at computing a partition that is robust to failures from any set of agents with bounded size. Secondly, we focus on resiliency: when a set of agents fail, others can be moved to replace them. We settle the computational complexity of decision problem \textsc{Robust-$k$-Part} as complete for class $\Sigma_2^P$. We also conjecture that resilient $k$-partition is complete for class $\Sigma_3^P$ under simultaneous replacements, and for class PSPACE under sequential replacements.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[566] viXra:1808.0149 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-13 04:44:05

Big Data in Smart Cities

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 34 Pages.

Researchers at King Abdulaziz University, in Saudi Arabia, have recently used Big Data Analytics to detect spatio-temporal events around London, testing the potential of these tools in harnessing valuable live information. [20] To achieve remarkable results in computer vision tasks, deep learning algorithms need to be trained on large-scale annotated datasets that include extensive informationabout every image. [19] Brian Mitchell and Linda Petzold, two researchers at the University of California, have recently applied model-free deep reinforcement learning to models of neural dynamics, achieving very promising results. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images. Elizabeth Holm, professor of materials science and engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, is leveraging this technology to better understand the enormous number of research images accumulated in the field of materials science. [13] With the help of artificial intelligence, chemists from the University of Basel in Switzerland have computed the characteristics of about two million crystals made up of four chemical elements. The researchers were able to identify 90 previously unknown thermodynamically stable crystals that can be regarded as new materials. [12]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[565] viXra:1808.0145 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-12 04:22:21

AI as Shakespeare

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Computer scientists in Australia teamed up with an expert in the University of Toronto's department of English to design an algorithm that writes poetry following the rules of rhyme and metre. [29] For the first time, physicists have demonstrated that machine learning can reconstruct a quantum system based on relatively few experimental measurements. [28] AlphaZero plays very unusually; not like a human, but also not like a typical computer. Instead, it plays with "real artificial" intelligence. [27] Predictions for an AI-dominated future are increasingly common, but Antoine Blondeau has experience in reading, and arguably manipulating, the runes—he helped develop technology that evolved into predictive texting and Apple's Siri. [26] Artificial intelligence can improve health care by analyzing data from apps, smartphones and wearable technology. [25] Now, researchers at Google's DeepMind have developed a simple algorithm to handle such reasoning—and it has already beaten humans at a complex image comprehension test. [24] A marimba-playing robot with four arms and eight sticks is writing and playing its own compositions in a lab at the Georgia Institute of Technology. The pieces are generated using artificial intelligence and deep learning. [23] Now, a team of researchers at MIT and elsewhere has developed a new approach to such computations, using light instead of electricity, which they say could vastly improve the speed and efficiency of certain deep learning computations. [22] Physicists have found that the structure of certain types of quantum learning algorithms is very similar to their classical counterparts—a finding that will help scientists further develop the quantum versions. [21] We should remain optimistic that quantum computing and AI will continue to improve our lives, but we also should continue to hold companies, organizations, and governments accountable for how our private data is used, as well as the technology's impact on the environment. [20] It's man vs machine this week as Google's artificial intelligence programme AlphaGo faces the world's top-ranked Go player in a contest expected to end in another victory for rapid advances in AI. [19]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[564] viXra:1808.0142 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-12 06:54:10

Watson for Cancer Search

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

The use of Watson for oncology is attracting the glare, not warmth, of the spotlight. Numerous tech watching sites have covered a July 25 STAT report over internal documents which indicated criticism of the Watson for Oncology system. [25] Today my IBM team and my colleagues at the UCSF Gartner lab reported in Nature Methods an innovative approach to generating datasets from non-experts and using them for training in machine learning. [24] Tired of writing your own boring code for new software? Finally, there's an AI that can do it for you. [23] Welcome to Move Mirror, where you move in front of your webcam. [22] Understanding how a robot will react under different conditions is essential to guaranteeing its safe operation. [21] Marculescu, along with ECE Ph.D. student Chieh Lo, has developed a machine learning algorithm—called MPLasso—that uses data to infer associations and interactions between microbes in the GI microbiome. [20] A team of researchers from the University of Muenster in Germany has now demonstrated that this combination is extremely well suited to planning chemical syntheses—so-called retrosyntheses—with unprecedented efficiency. [19] Two physicists at ETH Zurich and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have developed a novel machine-learning algorithm that analyses large data sets describing a physical system and extract from them the essential information needed to understand the underlying physics. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[563] viXra:1808.0141 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-12 07:39:24

Reinforcement Machine Learning

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

Brian Mitchell and Linda Petzold, two researchers at the University of California, have recently applied model-free deep reinforcement learning to models of neural dynamics, achieving very promising results. [18] Now researchers at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and UC Berkeley have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images. Elizabeth Holm, professor of materials science and engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, is leveraging this technology to better understand the enormous number of research images accumulated in the field of materials science. [13] With the help of artificial intelligence, chemists from the University of Basel in Switzerland have computed the characteristics of about two million crystals made up of four chemical elements. The researchers were able to identify 90 previously unknown thermodynamically stable crystals that can be regarded as new materials. [12] The artificial intelligence system's ability to set itself up quickly every morning and compensate for any overnight fluctuations would make this fragile technology much more useful for field measurements, said co-lead researcher Dr Michael Hush from UNSW ADFA. [11]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[562] viXra:1808.0140 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-12 08:04:29

Enhance Computer Vision

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

To achieve remarkable results in computer vision tasks, deep learning algorithms need to be trained on large-scale annotated datasets that include extensive informationabout every image. [19] Brian Mitchell and Linda Petzold, two researchers at the University of California, have recently applied model-free deep reinforcement learning to models of neural dynamics, achieving very promising results. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images. Elizabeth Holm, professor of materials science and engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, is leveraging this technology to better understand the enormous number of research images accumulated in the field of materials science. [13] With the help of artificial intelligence, chemists from the University of Basel in Switzerland have computed the characteristics of about two million crystals made up of four chemical elements. The researchers were able to identify 90 previously unknown thermodynamically stable crystals that can be regarded as new materials. [12] The artificial intelligence system's ability to set itself up quickly every morning and compensate for any overnight fluctuations would make this fragile technology much more useful for field measurements, said co-lead researcher Dr Michael Hush from UNSW ADFA. [11]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[561] viXra:1808.0139 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-12 08:20:59

Network-Based Topic Modeling

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 35 Pages.

Sydney have developed a new network approach to topic models, machine learning strategies that can discover abstract topics and semantic structures within text documents. [20] To achieve remarkable results in computer vision tasks, deep learning algorithms need to be trained on large-scale annotated datasets that include extensive informationabout every image. [19] Brian Mitchell and Linda Petzold, two researchers at the University of California, have recently applied model-free deep reinforcement learning to models of neural dynamics, achieving very promising results. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images. Elizabeth Holm, professor of materials science and engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, is leveraging this technology to better understand the enormous number of research images accumulated in the field of materials science. [13] With the help of artificial intelligence, chemists from the University of Basel in Switzerland have computed the characteristics of about two million crystals made up of four chemical elements. The researchers were able to identify 90 previously unknown thermodynamically stable crystals that can be regarded as new materials. [12]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[560] viXra:1808.0133 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-11 02:45:16

High-Level Task Planning in Robotics with Symbolic Model Checking

Authors: Frank Schröder
Comments: 28 Pages.

A robot control system contains a lowlevel motion planner and a high level task planner. The motions are generated with keyframe to keyframe planning while the the tasks are described with primitive action-names. A good starting point to formalize task planning is a mindmap which is created manually for a motion capture recording. It contains the basic actions in natural language and is the blueprint for a formal ontology. The mocap annotations are extended by features into a dataset, which is used for training a neural network. The resulting modal is a qualitative physics engine, which predicts future states of the system.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[559] viXra:1808.0109 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-08 09:29:30

How will AI Change Us?

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

According to the experts this incredible feat will be achieved in the year 2062 – a mere 44 years away – which certainly begs the question: what will the world, our jobs, the economy, politics, war, and everyday life and death, look like then? [25] While it is undeniable that AI has opened up a wealth of promising opportunities, it has also led to the emergence of a mindset that can be best described as "AI solutionism". [24] Intel's Gadi Singer believes his most important challenge is his latest: using artificial intelligence (AI) to reshape scientific exploration. [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an aMAZE -ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[558] viXra:1808.0095 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-07 09:46:56

Machine Learning Reconstructs Images

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

Navid Borhani, a research-team member, says this machine learning approach is much simpler than other methods to reconstruct images passed through optical fibers, which require making a holographic measurement of the output. [26]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[557] viXra:1808.0069 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-06 07:36:07

AI Finding Potholes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

Governments may soon be able to use artificial intelligence (AI) to easily and cheaply detect problems with roads, bridges and buildings. [25] Scientists led by Daigo Shoji from the Earth-Life Science Institute (Tokyo Institute of Technology) have shown that a type of artificial intelligence called a convolutional neural network can be trained to categorize volcanic ash particle shapes. [24] Intel's Gadi Singer believes his most important challenge is his latest: using artificial intelligence (AI) to reshape scientific exploration. [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an aMAZE -ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[556] viXra:1808.0068 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-06 08:42:30

Backbone of Smart Home

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

William Yeoh, assistant professor of computer science and engineering in the School of Engineering & Applied Science at Washington University in St. Louis, is working to help smart-home AI to grow up. [28] Following the old saying that "knowledge is power", companies are seeking to infer increasingly intimate properties about their customers as a way to gain an edge over their competitors. [27] Researchers from Human Longevity, Inc. (HLI) have published a study in which individual faces and other physical traits were predicted using whole genome sequencing data and machine learning. [26] Artificial intelligence can improve health care by analyzing data from apps, smartphones and wearable technology. [25] Now, researchers at Google’s DeepMind have developed a simple algorithm to handle such reasoning—and it has already beaten humans at a complex image comprehension test. [24] A marimba-playing robot with four arms and eight sticks is writing and playing its own compositions in a lab at the Georgia Institute of Technology. The pieces are generated using artificial intelligence and deep learning. [23] Now, a team of researchers at MIT and elsewhere has developed a new approach to such computations, using light instead of electricity, which they say could vastly improve the speed and efficiency of certain deep learning computations. [22]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[555] viXra:1808.0051 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-04 13:41:05

Computational Fluid Dynamics Based on Java/JikesRVM/JI Prolog – A Novel Suggestion In The Context of Lattice-Boltzmann Method.

Authors: Nirmal Tej kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication

As explained in the TITLE above,we intend to probe CFD computational aspects using JavaCFD/JikesRVM/JI Prolog in a novel way.”OOP Lattice-Boltzmann based Fluid Dynamics in Processing”.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[554] viXra:1808.0042 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-02 06:44:14

Particle Physicist with AI

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 39 Pages.

Luckily, particle physicists don't have to deal with all of that data all by themselves. They partner with a form of artificial intelligence called machine learning that learns how to do complex analyses on its own. [25] Today my IBM team and my colleagues at the UCSF Gartner lab reported in Nature Methods an innovative approach to generating datasets from non-experts and using them for training in machine learning. [24] Tired of writing your own boring code for new software? Finally, there's an AI that can do it for you. [23] Welcome to Move Mirror, where you move in front of your webcam. [22] Understanding how a robot will react under different conditions is essential to guaranteeing its safe operation. [21] Marculescu, along with ECE Ph.D. student Chieh Lo, has developed a machine learning algorithm—called MPLasso—that uses data to infer associations and interactions between microbes in the GI microbiome. [20] A team of researchers from the University of Muenster in Germany has now demonstrated that this combination is extremely well suited to planning chemical syntheses—so-called retrosyntheses—with unprecedented efficiency. [19] Two physicists at ETH Zurich and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have developed a novel machine-learning algorithm that analyses large data sets describing a physical system and extract from them the essential information needed to understand the underlying physics. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[553] viXra:1808.0020 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-01 09:05:40

The 3 Core Truths of Human Existence

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 1 Page.

the reason the category of this set of statements/facts is AI - is because we need to teach all AI we develop - these facts of OUR existence, theirs and ours; sub-category: Religion and Spiritualism; guilt is an all-too-human emotion that religions use to control/manipulate; we need to control THAT all-too-human impulse
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[552] viXra:1808.0019 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-01 09:05:42

AI Learn from Non-Experts

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 36 Pages.

Today my IBM team and my colleagues at the UCSF Gartner lab reported in Nature Methods an innovative approach to generating datasets from non-experts and using them for training in machine learning. [24] Tired of writing your own boring code for new software? Finally, there's an AI that can do it for you. [23] Welcome to Move Mirror, where you move in front of your webcam. [22] Understanding how a robot will react under different conditions is essential to guaranteeing its safe operation. [21] Marculescu, along with ECE Ph.D. student Chieh Lo, has developed a machine learning algorithm—called MPLasso—that uses data to infer associations and interactions between microbes in the GI microbiome. [20] A team of researchers from the University of Muenster in Germany has now demonstrated that this combination is extremely well suited to planning chemical syntheses—so-called retrosyntheses—with unprecedented efficiency. [19] Two physicists at ETH Zurich and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have developed a novel machine-learning algorithm that analyses large data sets describing a physical system and extract from them the essential information needed to understand the underlying physics. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[551] viXra:1808.0008 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-02 04:18:36

CT Scans for AI Testing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

Following its recent release of a massive database of chest X-rays, the US National Institutes of Health (NIH) has now made nearly 10,600 CT scans publicly available to support the development and testing of artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms for medical applications. [25] AI combined with stem cells promises a faster approach to disease prevention. Andrew Masterson reports. According to product chief Trystan Upstill, the news app "uses the best of artificial intelligence to find the best of human intelligence—the great reporting done by journalists around the globe." [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an aMAZE -ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[550] viXra:1807.0516 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-30 13:27:59

AI Optical Component Design

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

Recent successful applications of deep learning include medical image analysis, speech recognition, language translation, image classification, as well as addressing more specific tasks, such as solving inverse imaging problems. [23] Researchers at Caltech have developed an artificial neural network made out of DNA that can solve a classic machine learning problem: correctly identifying handwritten numbers. [22] Researchers have devised a magnetic control system to make tiny DNA-based robots move on demand—and much faster than recently possible. [21] Humans have 46 chromosomes, and each one is capped at either end by repetitive sequences called telomeres. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase—a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14] Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University used a light-sensitive iridium-palladium catalyst to make "sequential" polymers, using visible light to change how building blocks are combined into polymer chains. [13]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[549] viXra:1807.0489 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-30 07:08:05

Machine Learning Chemical Sciences

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 37 Pages.

A new tool is drastically changing the face of chemical research – artificial intelligence. In a new paper published in Nature, researchers review the rapid progress in machine learning for the chemical sciences. [25] A new type of artificial-intelligence-driven chemistry could revolutionise the way molecules are discovered, scientists claim. [24] Tired of writing your own boring code for new software? Finally, there's an AI that can do it for you. [23] Welcome to Move Mirror, where you move in front of your webcam. [22] Understanding how a robot will react under different conditions is essential to guaranteeing its safe operation. [21] Marculescu, along with ECE Ph.D. student Chieh Lo, has developed a machine learning algorithm—called MPLasso—that uses data to infer associations and interactions between microbes in the GI microbiome. [20] A team of researchers from the University of Muenster in Germany has now demonstrated that this combination is extremely well suited to planning chemical syntheses—so-called retrosyntheses—with unprecedented efficiency. [19] Two physicists at ETH Zurich and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have developed a novel machine-learning algorithm that analyses large data sets describing a physical system and extract from them the essential information needed to understand the underlying physics. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[548] viXra:1807.0485 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-28 07:23:42

Intuitionistic Evidence Sets

Authors: Yangxue Li; Yong Deng
Comments: 25 Pages.

Dempster-Shafer evidence theory can express and deal with uncertain and imprecise information well, which satisfies the weaker condition than the Bayes probability theory. The traditional single basic probability assignment only considers the degree of the evidence support the subsets of the frame of discernment. In order to simulate human decision-making processes and any activities requiring human expertise and knowledge, intuitionstic evidence sets (IES) is proposed in this paper. It takes into account not only the degree of the support, but also the degree of non-support. The combination rule of intuitionstic basic probability assignments (IBPAs) also be investigated. Feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed method are illustrated by using an application of multi-criteria group decision making.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[547] viXra:1807.0464 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-28 04:23:29

Chip for Optical Artificial Neural Network

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have made a silicon chip that distributes optical signals precisely across a miniature brain-like grid, showcasing a potential new design for neural networks. [29] Researchers have shown that it is possible to train artificial neural networks directly on an optical chip. [28] Scientists from Russia, Estonia and the United Kingdom have created a new method for predicting the bioconcentration factor (BCF) of organic molecules. [27] Predictions for an AI-dominated future are increasingly common, but Antoine Blondeau has experience in reading, and arguably manipulating, the runes—he helped develop technology that evolved into predictive texting and Apple's Siri. [26] Artificial intelligence can improve health care by analyzing data from apps, smartphones and wearable technology. [25] Now, researchers at Google's DeepMind have developed a simple algorithm to handle such reasoning—and it has already beaten humans at a complex image comprehension test. [24] A marimba-playing robot with four arms and eight sticks is writing and playing its own compositions in a lab at the Georgia Institute of Technology. The pieces are generated using artificial intelligence and deep learning. [23] Now, a team of researchers at MIT and elsewhere has developed a new approach to such computations, using light instead of electricity, which they say could vastly improve the speed and efficiency of certain deep learning computations. [22] Physicists have found that the structure of certain types of quantum learning algorithms is very similar to their classical counterparts—a finding that will help scientists further develop the quantum versions. [21] We should remain optimistic that quantum computing and AI will continue to improve our lives, but we also should continue to hold companies, organizations, and governments accountable for how our private data is used, as well as the technology's impact on the environment. [20] It's man vs machine this week as Google's artificial intelligence programme AlphaGo faces the world's top-ranked Go player in a contest expected to end in another victory for rapid advances in AI. [19]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[546] viXra:1807.0459 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-26 09:40:18

Automated Skin Lesion Classification Using Ensemble of Deep Neural Networks in ISIC 2018: Skin Lesion Analysis Towards Melanoma Detection Challenge

Authors: Md Ashraful Alam Milton
Comments: 4 Pages.

In this paper, we studied extensively on different deep learning based methods to detect melanoma and skin lesion cancers. Melanoma, a form of malignant skin cancer is very threatening to health. Proper diagnosis of melanoma at an earlier stage is crucial for the success rate of complete cure. Dermoscopic images with Benign and malignant forms of skin cancer can be analyzed by computer vision system to streamline the process of skin cancer detection. In this study, we experimented with various neural networks which employ recent deep learning based models like PNASNet-5-Large, InceptionResNetV2, SENet154, InceptionV4. Dermoscopic images are properly processed and augmented before feeding them into the network. We tested our methods on International Skin Imaging Collaboration (ISIC) 2018 challenge dataset. Our system has achieved best validation score of 0.76 for PNASNet-5-Large model. Further improvement and optimization of the proposed methods with a bigger training dataset and carefully chosen hyper-parameter could improve the performances. The code available for download at https://github.com/miltonbd/ISIC_2018_classification.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[545] viXra:1807.0442 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-27 08:20:14

Machine Learning Goes Quantum

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

Researchers have mathematically proven that a powerful classical machine learning algorithm should work on quantum computers. [24] Researchers at Oregon State University have used deep learning to decipher which ribonucleic acids have the potential to encode proteins. [23] A new method allows researchers to systematically identify specialized proteins that unpack DNA inside the nucleus of a cell, making the usually dense DNA more accessible for gene expression and other functions. [22] Bacterial systems are some of the simplest and most effective platforms for the expression of recombinant proteins. [21] Now, in a new paper published in Nature Structural & Molecular Biology, Mayo researchers have determined how one DNA repair protein gets to the site of DNA damage. [20] A microscopic thread of DNA evidence in a public genealogy database led California authorities to declare this spring they had caught the Golden State Killer, the rapist and murderer who had eluded authorities for decades. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase—a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[544] viXra:1807.0439 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-27 13:26:18

A General Model of Artificial General Intelligence

Authors: Zengkun Li
Comments: 5 Pages. Author: Zengkun Li Email: ucman@126.com

This paper presents a general model of AGI, the model indicates how knowledge is represented and learned, how the knowledge is used to accomplish tasks such as inference, memory recalling and so on, and how the advanced intelligence phenomenons such as self conscious, language and emotions emerge.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[543] viXra:1807.0385 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-23 09:48:34

Deep Learning Cracks RNA Code

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

Researchers at Oregon State University have used deep learning to decipher which ribonucleic acids have the potential to encode proteins. [23] A new method allows researchers to systematically identify specialized proteins that unpack DNA inside the nucleus of a cell, making the usually dense DNA more accessible for gene expression and other functions. [22] Bacterial systems are some of the simplest and most effective platforms for the expression of recombinant proteins. [21] Now, in a new paper published in Nature Structural & Molecular Biology, Mayo researchers have determined how one DNA repair protein gets to the site of DNA damage. [20] A microscopic thread of DNA evidence in a public genealogy database led California authorities to declare this spring they had caught the Golden State Killer, the rapist and murderer who had eluded authorities for decades. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase—a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14] Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University used a light-sensitive iridium-palladium catalyst to make "sequential" polymers, using visible light to change how building blocks are combined into polymer chains. [13]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[542] viXra:1807.0381 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-22 08:05:13

Robot Chemist Discoveries

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 35 Pages.

A new type of artificial-intelligence-driven chemistry could revolutionise the way molecules are discovered, scientists claim. [24] Tired of writing your own boring code for new software? Finally, there's an AI that can do it for you. [23] Welcome to Move Mirror, where you move in front of your webcam. [22] Understanding how a robot will react under different conditions is essential to guaranteeing its safe operation. [21] Marculescu, along with ECE Ph.D. student Chieh Lo, has developed a machine learning algorithm—called MPLasso—that uses data to infer associations and interactions between microbes in the GI microbiome. [20] A team of researchers from the University of Muenster in Germany has now demonstrated that this combination is extremely well suited to planning chemical syntheses—so-called retrosyntheses—with unprecedented efficiency. [19] Two physicists at ETH Zurich and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have developed a novel machine-learning algorithm that analyses large data sets describing a physical system and extract from them the essential information needed to understand the underlying physics. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[541] viXra:1807.0355 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-22 01:51:35

Machine Learning Image-Match Your Pose

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 34 Pages.

Welcome to Move Mirror, where you move in front of your webcam. [22] Understanding how a robot will react under different conditions is essential to guaranteeing its safe operation. [21] Marculescu, along with ECE Ph.D. student Chieh Lo, has developed a machine learning algorithm—called MPLasso—that uses data to infer associations and interactions between microbes in the GI microbiome. [20] A team of researchers from the University of Muenster in Germany has now demonstrated that this combination is extremely well suited to planning chemical syntheses—so-called retrosyntheses—with unprecedented efficiency. [19] Two physicists at ETH Zurich and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have developed a novel machine-learning algorithm that analyses large data sets describing a physical system and extract from them the essential information needed to understand the underlying physics. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[540] viXra:1807.0354 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-22 02:32:06

How AI Program Software

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 35 Pages.

Tired of writing your own boring code for new software? Finally, there's an AI that can do it for you. [23] Welcome to Move Mirror, where you move in front of your webcam. [22] Understanding how a robot will react under different conditions is essential to guaranteeing its safe operation. [21] Marculescu, along with ECE Ph.D. student Chieh Lo, has developed a machine learning algorithm—called MPLasso—that uses data to infer associations and interactions between microbes in the GI microbiome. [20] A team of researchers from the University of Muenster in Germany has now demonstrated that this combination is extremely well suited to planning chemical syntheses—so-called retrosyntheses—with unprecedented efficiency. [19] Two physicists at ETH Zurich and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have developed a novel machine-learning algorithm that analyses large data sets describing a physical system and extract from them the essential information needed to understand the underlying physics. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[539] viXra:1807.0344 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-19 09:49:18

Optical Artificial Neural Network

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Researchers have shown that it is possible to train artificial neural networks directly on an optical chip. [28] Scientists from Russia, Estonia and the United Kingdom have created a new method for predicting the bioconcentration factor (BCF) of organic molecules. [27] Predictions for an AI-dominated future are increasingly common, but Antoine Blondeau has experience in reading, and arguably manipulating, the runes—he helped develop technology that evolved into predictive texting and Apple's Siri. [26] Artificial intelligence can improve health care by analyzing data from apps, smartphones and wearable technology. [25] Now, researchers at Google's DeepMind have developed a simple algorithm to handle such reasoning—and it has already beaten humans at a complex image comprehension test. [24] A marimba-playing robot with four arms and eight sticks is writing and playing its own compositions in a lab at the Georgia Institute of Technology. The pieces are generated using artificial intelligence and deep learning. [23] Now, a team of researchers at MIT and elsewhere has developed a new approach to such computations, using light instead of electricity, which they say could vastly improve the speed and efficiency of certain deep learning computations. [22] Physicists have found that the structure of certain types of quantum learning algorithms is very similar to their classical counterparts—a finding that will help scientists further develop the quantum versions. [21] We should remain optimistic that quantum computing and AI will continue to improve our lives, but we also should continue to hold companies, organizations, and governments accountable for how our private data is used, as well as the technology's impact on the environment. [20] It's man vs machine this week as Google's artificial intelligence programme AlphaGo faces the world's top-ranked Go player in a contest expected to end in another victory for rapid advances in AI. [19] Google's computer programs are gaining a better understanding of the world, and now it wants them to handle more of the decision-making for the billions of people who use its services. [18] Microsoft on Wednesday unveiled new tools intended to democratize artificial intelligence by enabling machine smarts to be built into software from smartphone games to factory floors. [17]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[538] viXra:1807.0318 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-18 09:03:17

Structural Damage Information Decision Based on Z-numbers

Authors: Yangxue Li; Yong Deng
Comments: 10 Pages.

Structural health monitoring (SHM) has grate economic value and research value because of the application of finite element model technology, structural damage identification theory, intelligent sensing system, signal processing technology and as so on. A typical SHM system involved three major subsystems: a sensor subsystem, a data processing subsystem and a health evaluation subsystem. It is significance of sensor data fusion for the data processing subsystem. In this paper, considering the fuzziness and reliability of the data, the method based on Z-numbers is proposed in the damage information fusion for decision level, which is a softer method and avoids the severe effect of a small data on the fusion result. The result given by the simulation example of space structure shows the effectiveness of this method.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[537] viXra:1807.0317 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-18 09:22:31

AI Protect Water Supplies

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

Progress on new artificial intelligence (AI) technology could make monitoring at water treatment plants cheaper and easier and help safeguard public health. [25] And if that isn't surprising enough, try this one: in many cases, doctors have no idea what side effects might arise from adding another drug to a patient's personal pharmacy. [24] Intel's Gadi Singer believes his most important challenge is his latest: using artificial intelligence (AI) to reshape scientific exploration. [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an aMAZE -ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[536] viXra:1807.0305 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-17 08:07:38

Semantic Concept Discovery

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 56 Pages.

The key technical novelty of this work is the creation of semantic embeddings out of structured event data. [35] The researchers have focussed on a complex quantum property known as entanglement, which is a vital ingredient in the quest to protect sensitive data. [34] Cryptography is a science of data encryption providing its confidentiality and integrity. [33] Researchers at the University of Sheffield have solved a key puzzle in quantum physics that could help to make data transfer totally secure. [32] "The realization of such all-optical single-photon devices will be a large step towards deterministic multi-mode entanglement generation as well as high-fidelity photonic quantum gates that are crucial for all-optical quantum information processing," says Tanji-Suzuki. [31] Researchers at ETH have now used attosecond laser pulses to measure the time evolution of this effect in molecules. [30] A new benchmark quantum chemical calculation of C2, Si2, and their hydrides reveals a qualitative difference in the topologies of core electron orbitals of organic molecules and their silicon analogues. [29] A University of Central Florida team has designed a nanostructured optical sensor that for the first time can efficiently detect molecular chirality—a property of molecular spatial twist that defines its biochemical properties. [28] UCLA scientists and engineers have developed a new process for assembling semiconductor devices. [27] A new experiment that tests the limit of how large an object can be before it ceases to behave quantum mechanically has been proposed by physicists in the UK and India. [26] Phonons are discrete units of vibrational energy predicted by quantum mechanics that correspond to collective oscillations of atoms inside a molecule or a crystal. [25]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[535] viXra:1807.0304 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-17 08:27:40

New Generation of Artificial Neural Networks

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

Scientists from Russia, Estonia and the United Kingdom have created a new method for predicting the bioconcentration factor (BCF) of organic molecules. [27] Predictions for an AI-dominated future are increasingly common, but Antoine Blondeau has experience in reading, and arguably manipulating, the runes—he helped develop technology that evolved into predictive texting and Apple's Siri. [26] Artificial intelligence can improve health care by analyzing data from apps, smartphones and wearable technology. [25] Now, researchers at Google's DeepMind have developed a simple algorithm to handle such reasoning—and it has already beaten humans at a complex image comprehension test. [24] A marimba-playing robot with four arms and eight sticks is writing and playing its own compositions in a lab at the Georgia Institute of Technology. The pieces are generated using artificial intelligence and deep learning. [23] Now, a team of researchers at MIT and elsewhere has developed a new approach to such computations, using light instead of electricity, which they say could vastly improve the speed and efficiency of certain deep learning computations. [22] Physicists have found that the structure of certain types of quantum learning algorithms is very similar to their classical counterparts—a finding that will help scientists further develop the quantum versions. [21] We should remain optimistic that quantum computing and AI will continue to improve our lives, but we also should continue to hold companies, organizations, and governments accountable for how our private data is used, as well as the technology's impact on the environment. [20] It's man vs machine this week as Google's artificial intelligence programme AlphaGo faces the world's top-ranked Go player in a contest expected to end in another victory for rapid advances in AI. [19] Google's computer programs are gaining a better understanding of the world, and now it wants them to handle more of the decision-making for the billions of people who use its services. [18] Microsoft on Wednesday unveiled new tools intended to democratize artificial intelligence by enabling machine smarts to be built into software from smartphone games to factory floors. [17]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[534] viXra:1807.0302 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-17 12:59:01

Cryptanalysis of “Cloud Centric Authentication for Wearable Healthcare Monitoring System”

Authors: Chandra Sekhar Vorugunti
Comments: 6 Pages.

The privacy and security issues of information message dissemination have been well researched in typical wearable sensores. However, cloud computing paradigm is merely utilized for secure information message dissemination over wearable sensors. Sharing encrypted data with different users via public cloud storage is an important functionality. Therefore, many researchers proposed new cloud based user authentication scheme for secure authentication of medical data. Newly A.K.Das et al proposed a new user authentication scheme in which a legal user registered at the BRC will be able to mutually authenticate with an accessible wearable sensor node with the help of the CoTC. Though A.K.Das et al scheme counterattacks key cryptographic attacks, on subsequent in-depth analysis, we validate that their scheme has security downsides such as failure to counterattack ‘privileged insider attack’, which int
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[533] viXra:1807.0293 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-18 03:30:35

Artificial Intelligence and Its Security Concerns

Authors: Shyamanth Kashyap, Prajwal J M, Pavan Nargund
Comments: 13 Pages.

This paper dwells on the negative effects of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning, and its underlying threat to humanity. This study stems from the experiences of different people working in the aforementioned field. This paper also proposes a framework to regulate and govern the projects in this field to reduce its threat or any future repercussions.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[532] viXra:1807.0280 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-15 14:41:01

Refutation of the Definition of Mutual Information Copyright © 2018 by Colin James III All Rights Reserved.

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. Copyright © 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that comments on Disqus are not forwarded or read, so respond to author's email address: info@cec-services dot com.

The mutual information between two random variables is defined and tested to represent the amount of information learned about the variable from knowing another variable. Since the definition is symmetric, the conjecture also represents the amount of information learned about another variable from the variable. The conjecture is found not tautologous and hence refuted.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[531] viXra:1807.0259 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-14 17:10:54

Refutation of Measures for Resolution and Symmetry in Fuzzy Logic of Zadeh Z-Numbers Copyright © 2018 by Colin James III All Rights Reserved.

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. Copyright © 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that comments on Disqus are not forwarded or read, so respond to author's email address: info@cec-services dot com.

The commonly accepted measures G3 (resolution) and G4 (symmetry) for the Zadeh (Z-numbers) fuzzy logic are not tautologous, and hence refuted.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[530] viXra:1807.0257 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-15 05:04:47

Generalized Ordered Propositions Fusion Based on Belief Entropy

Authors: Yangxue Li, Yong Deng
Comments: 16 Pages.

A set of ordered propositions describe the different intensities of a characteristic of an object, the intensities increase or decrease gradually. A basic support function is a set of truth-values of ordered propositions, it includes the determinate part and indeterminate part. The indeterminate part of a basic support function indicates uncertainty about all ordered propositions. In this paper, we propose generalized ordered propositions by extending the basic support function for power set of ordered propositions. We also present the entropy which is a measure of uncertainty of a basic support function based on belief entropy. The fusion method of generalized ordered proposition also be presented. The generalized ordered propositions will be degenerated as the classical ordered propositions in that when the truth- values of non-single subsets of ordered propositions are zero. Some numerical examples are used to illustrate the efficiency of generalized ordered propositions and their fusion.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[529] viXra:1807.0252 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-13 08:33:32

Machine Learning Extrapolation

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

Understanding how a robot will react under different conditions is essential to guaranteeing its safe operation. [21] Marculescu, along with ECE Ph.D. student Chieh Lo, has developed a machine learning algorithm—called MPLasso—that uses data to infer associations and interactions between microbes in the GI microbiome. [20] A team of researchers from the University of Muenster in Germany has now demonstrated that this combination is extremely well suited to planning chemical syntheses—so-called retrosyntheses—with unprecedented efficiency. [19] Two physicists at ETH Zurich and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have developed a novel machine-learning algorithm that analyses large data sets describing a physical system and extract from them the essential information needed to understand the underlying physics. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images. Elizabeth Holm, professor of materials science and engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, is leveraging this technology to better understand the enormous number of research images accumulated in the field of materials science. [13]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[528] viXra:1807.0245 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-14 03:06:32

Measuring Fuzziness of Z-numbers and Its Application in Sensor Data Fusion

Authors: Yangxue Li; Yong Deng
Comments: 22 Pages.

Real-world information is often characterized by fuzziness due to the uncertainty. Z- numbers is an ordered pair of fuzzy numbers and is widely used as a flexible and efficient model to deal with the fuzziness information. This paper extends the fuzziness measure to continuous fuzzy number. Then, a new fuzziness measure of discrete Z-numbers and continuous Z-numbers is proposed: simple addition of fuzziness measures of two fuzzy numbers of a Z-number. It can be used to obtain a fused Z-number with the best in- formation quality in sensor fusion applications based on Z-numbers. Some numerical examples and the application in sensor fusion are illustrated to show the efficiency of the proposed fuzziness measure of Z-numbers.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[527] viXra:1807.0239 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-12 09:02:10

Using Textual Summaries to Describe a Set of Products

Authors: Kittipitch Kuptavanich
Comments: 8 Pages.

When customers are faced with the task of making a purchase in an unfamiliar product domain, it might be useful to provide them with an overview of the product set to help them understand what they can expect. In this paper we present and evaluate a method to summarise sets of products in natural language, focusing on the price range, common product features across the set, and product features that impact on price. In our study, participants reported that they found our summaries useful, but we found no evidence that the summaries influenced the selections made by participants.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[526] viXra:1807.0205 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-11 04:24:09

Brain-Inspired Computer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 35 Pages.

A computer built to mimic the brain's neural networks produces similar results to that of the best brain-simulation supercomputer software currently used for neural-signaling research, finds a new study published in the open-access journal Frontiers in Neuroscience. [21] The possibility of cognitive nuclear-spin processing came to Fisher in part through studies performed in the 1980s that reported a remarkable lithium isotope dependence on the behavior of mother rats. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society (CNS), cognitive neuroscientists increasingly are using those emerging artificial networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images. Elizabeth Holm, professor of materials science and engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, is leveraging this technology to better understand the enormous number of research images accumulated in the field of materials science. [13]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[525] viXra:1807.0199 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-09 09:00:11

Aurora Early Science Program

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

The Aurora ESP, which commenced with 10 simulation-based projects in 2017, is designed to prepare key applications, libraries, and infrastructure for the architecture and scale of the exascale supercomputer. [25] A new artificial intelligence (AI) program developed by Stanford physicists accomplished the same feat in just a few hours. [24] Intel's Gadi Singer believes his most important challenge is his latest: using artificial intelligence (AI) to reshape scientific exploration. [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an aMAZE -ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[524] viXra:1807.0183 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-10 05:34:43

AI Predict Drug Combinations

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

And if that isn't surprising enough, try this one: in many cases, doctors have no idea what side effects might arise from adding another drug to a patient's personal pharmacy. [24] Intel's Gadi Singer believes his most important challenge is his latest: using artificial intelligence (AI) to reshape scientific exploration. [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an aMAZE -ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[523] viXra:1807.0172 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-08 09:27:47

AI Editing Music in Videos

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

That's the outcome of a new AI project out of MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL): a deep-learning system that can look at a video of a musical performance, and isolate the sounds of specific instruments and make them louder or softer. [25] While it is undeniable that AI has opened up a wealth of promising opportunities, it has also led to the emergence of a mindset that can be best described as "AI solutionism". [24] Intel's Gadi Singer believes his most important challenge is his latest: using artificial intelligence (AI) to reshape scientific exploration. [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an aMAZE -ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[522] viXra:1807.0169 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-08 11:56:45

Facial Recognition Grows

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

The unique features of your face can allow you to unlock your new iPhone, access your bank account or even "smile to pay" for some goods and services. [26] If a picture paints a thousand words, facial recognition paints two: It's biased. [25] While it is undeniable that AI has opened up a wealth of promising opportunities, it has also led to the emergence of a mindset that can be best described as "AI solutionism". [24] Intel's Gadi Singer believes his most important challenge is his latest: using artificial intelligence (AI) to reshape scientific exploration. [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an aMAZE -ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[521] viXra:1807.0138 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-06 14:16:31

AI with Artificial X-rays

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

Artificial intelligence (AI) holds real potential for improving both the speed and accuracy of medical diagnostics. But before clinicians can harness the power of AI to identify conditions in images such as X-rays, they have to 'teach' the algorithms what to look for. [26] If a picture paints a thousand words, facial recognition paints two: It's biased. [25] While it is undeniable that AI has opened up a wealth of promising opportunities, it has also led to the emergence of a mindset that can be best described as "AI solutionism". [24] Intel's Gadi Singer believes his most important challenge is his latest: using artificial intelligence (AI) to reshape scientific exploration. [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an aMAZE -ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[520] viXra:1807.0132 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-05 05:42:03

AI Recognizes Molecular Handwriting

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 39 Pages.

Researchers at Caltech have developed an artificial neural network made out of DNA that can solve a classic machine learning problem: correctly identifying handwritten numbers. [22] Researchers have devised a magnetic control system to make tiny DNA-based robots move on demand—and much faster than recently possible. [21] Humans have 46 chromosomes, and each one is capped at either end by repetitive sequences called telomeres. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase—a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14] Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University used a light-sensitive iridium-palladium catalyst to make "sequential" polymers, using visible light to change how building blocks are combined into polymer chains. [13] Researchers have fused living and non-living cells for the first time in a way that allows them to work together, paving the way for new applications. [12]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[519] viXra:1807.0128 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-05 09:49:30

Artificial Intelligence Run Funds

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

A computer can trounce a human chess master and solve complex mathematical calculations in seconds. Can it do a better job investing your money than a flesh-and-blood portfolio manager? [29] A country that thinks its adversaries have or will get AI weapons will want to get them too. Wide use of AI-powered cyberattacks may still be some time away. [28] Following the old saying that "knowledge is power", companies are seeking to infer increasingly intimate properties about their customers as a way to gain an edge over their competitors. [27] Researchers from Human Longevity, Inc. (HLI) have published a study in which individual faces and other physical traits were predicted using whole genome sequencing data and machine learning. [26] Artificial intelligence can improve health care by analyzing data from apps, smartphones and wearable technology. [25] Now, researchers at Google's DeepMind have developed a simple algorithm to handle such reasoning—and it has already beaten humans at a complex image comprehension test. [24] A marimba-playing robot with four arms and eight sticks is writing and playing its own compositions in a lab at the Georgia Institute of Technology. The pieces are generated using artificial intelligence and deep learning. [23] Now, a team of researchers at MIT and elsewhere has developed a new approach to such computations, using light instead of electricity, which they say could vastly improve the speed and efficiency of certain deep learning computations. [22] Physicists have found that the structure of certain types of quantum learning algorithms is very similar to their classical counterparts—a finding that will help scientists further develop the quantum versions. [21] We should remain optimistic that quantum computing and AI will continue to improve our lives, but we also should continue to hold companies, organizations, and governments accountable for how our private data is used, as well as the technology's impact on the environment. [20] It's man vs machine this week as Google's artificial intelligence programme AlphaGo faces the world's top-ranked Go player in a contest expected to end in another victory for rapid advances in AI. [19]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[518] viXra:1807.0124 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-05 18:09:36

Implementation of Regional-CNN and SSD Machine Learning Object Detection Architectures for the Real Time Analysis of Blood Borne Pathogens in Dark Field Microscopy

Authors: Daniel Fleury, Angelica Fleury
Comments: 10 Pages.

The emerging use of visualization techniques in pathology and microbiology has been accelerated by machine learning (ML) approaches towards image preprocessing, classification, and feature extraction in an increasingly complex series of datasets. Modern Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) architectures have developed into an umbrella of vast image reinforcement and recognition methods, including a combined classification-localization of single/multi-object featured images. As a subtype neural network, CNN creates a rapid order of complexity by initially detecting borderlines, edges, and colours in images for dataset construction, eventually capable in mapping intricate objects and conformities. This paper investigates the disparities between Tensorflow object detection APIs, exclusively, Single Shot Detector (SSD) Mobilenet V1 and the Faster RCNN Inception V2 model, to sample computational drawbacks in accuracy-precision vs. real time visualization capabilities. The situation of rapid ML medical image analysis is theoretically framed in regions with limited access to pathology and disease prevention departments (e.g. 3rd world and impoverished countries). Dark field microscopy datasets of an initial 62 XML-JPG annotated training files were processed under Malaria and Syphilis classes. Model trainings were halted as soon as loss values were regularized and converged.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[517] viXra:1807.0118 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-04 06:04:53

How Computers See Faces

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

Computers started to be able to recognize human faces in images decades ago, but now artificial intelligence systems are rivaling people's ability to classify objects in photos and videos. [26] If a picture paints a thousand words, facial recognition paints two: It's biased. [25] While it is undeniable that AI has opened up a wealth of promising opportunities, it has also led to the emergence of a mindset that can be best described as "AI solutionism". [24] Intel's Gadi Singer believes his most important challenge is his latest: using artificial intelligence (AI) to reshape scientific exploration. [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an aMAZE -ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[516] viXra:1807.0063 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-04 05:46:34

Faster Big-Data Analysis

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 26 Pages.

A research team at Korea's Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology (DGIST) succeeded in analyzing big data up to 1,000 times faster than existing technology by using GPU-based 'GMiner' technology. [19] A team of researchers with members from IBM Research-Zurich and RWTH Aachen University has announced the development of a new PCM (phase change memory) design that offers miniaturized memory cell volume down to three nanometers. [18] Monatomic glassy antimony might be used as a new type of single-element phase change memory. [17] Physicists have designed a 3-D quantum memory that addresses the tradeoff between achieving long storage times and fast readout times, while at the same time maintaining a compact form. [16] Quantum memories are devices that can store quantum information for a later time, which are usually implemented by storing and re-emitting photons with certain quantum states. [15] The researchers engineered diamond strings that can be tuned to quiet a qubit's environment and improve memory from tens to several hundred nanoseconds, enough time to do many operations on a quantum chip. [14] Intel has announced the design and fabrication of a 49-qubit superconducting quantum-processor chip at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas. To improve our understanding of the so-called quantum properties of materials, scientists at the TU Delft investigated thin slices of SrIrO3, a material that belongs to the family of complex oxides. [12] New research carried out by CQT researchers suggest that standard protocols that measure the dimensions of quantum systems may return incorrect numbers. [11] Is entanglement really necessary for describing the physical world, or is it possible to have some post-quantum theory without entanglement? [10] A trio of scientists who defied Einstein by proving the nonlocal nature of quantum entanglement will be honoured with the John Stewart Bell Prize from the University of Toronto (U of T). [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[515] viXra:1806.0463 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-30 16:33:02

The Language and Venue for True AI

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 2 Pages.

expert systems, counter intuitively, is a venue for a solution for the problem of true AI
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[514] viXra:1806.0446 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-30 05:03:04

Facial Recognition

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

If a picture paints a thousand words, facial recognition paints two: It's biased. [25] While it is undeniable that AI has opened up a wealth of promising opportunities, it has also led to the emergence of a mindset that can be best described as "AI solutionism". [24] Intel's Gadi Singer believes his most important challenge is his latest: using artificial intelligence (AI) to reshape scientific exploration. [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an aMAZE -ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[513] viXra:1806.0419 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-27 08:19:23

AI Understand Volcanic Eruptions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

Scientists led by Daigo Shoji from the Earth-Life Science Institute (Tokyo Institute of Technology) have shown that a type of artificial intelligence called a convolutional neural network can be trained to categorize volcanic ash particle shapes. [24] Intel's Gadi Singer believes his most important challenge is his latest: using artificial intelligence (AI) to reshape scientific exploration. [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an a-MAZE-ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[512] viXra:1806.0402 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-28 03:27:39

New Sufficient Conditions of Robust Recovery for Low-Rank Matrices

Authors: Jianwen Huang, Jianjun Wang, Feng Zhang, Wendong Wang
Comments: 18 Pages.

In this paper we investigate the reconstruction conditions of nuclear norm minimization for low-rank matrix recovery from a given linear system of equality constraints. Sufficient conditions are derived to guarantee the robust reconstruction in bounded $l_2$ and Dantzig selector noise settings $(\epsilon\neq0)$ or exactly reconstruction in the noiseless context $(\epsilon=0)$ of all rank $r$ matrices $X\in\mathbb{R}^{m\times n}$ from $b=\mathcal{A}(X)+z$ via nuclear norm minimization. Furthermore, we not only show that when $t=1$, the upper bound of $\delta_r$ is the same as the result of Cai and Zhang \cite{Cai and Zhang}, but also demonstrate that the gained upper bounds concerning the recovery error are better. Finally, we prove that the restricted isometry property condition is sharp.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[511] viXra:1806.0385 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-25 08:43:49

Train Your Robot

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 39 Pages.

"Our goal is to enable machines to behave appropriately in social situations. Our graphs capture a lot of high-level properties of human situations that haven't been explored in prior work." [23] A self-driving vehicle has to detect objects, track them over time, and predict where they will be in the future in order to plan a safe manoeuvre. [22] In order to improve world food conditions, a team around computer science professor Kristian Kersting was inspired by the technology behind Google News. [21] Small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) is one of a number of biophysical techniques used for determining the structural characteristics of biomolecules. [20] A deep neural network running on an ordinary desktop computer is interpreting highly technical data related to national security as well as—and sometimes better than— today's best automated methods or even human experts. [19] Scientists at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA), located at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, have pioneered the use of GPU-accelerated deep learning for rapid detection and characterization of gravitational waves. [18] Researchers from Queen Mary University of London have developed a mathematical model for the emergence of innovations. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images. Elizabeth Holm, professor of materials science and engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, is leveraging this technology to better understand the enormous number of research images accumulated in the field of materials science. [13]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[510] viXra:1806.0369 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-26 07:56:17

AI Recreates Periodic Table

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

A new artificial intelligence (AI) program developed by Stanford physicists accomplished the same feat in just a few hours. [24] Intel's Gadi Singer believes his most important challenge is his latest: using artificial intelligence (AI) to reshape scientific exploration. [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an aMAZE -ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[509] viXra:1806.0348 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-23 07:42:12

Data Ethics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

But moral questions about what data should be collected and how it should be used are only the beginning. [23] A self-driving vehicle has to detect objects, track them over time, and predict where they will be in the future in order to plan a safe manoeuvre. [22] In order to improve world food conditions, a team around computer science professor Kristian Kersting was inspired by the technology behind Google News. [21] Small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) is one of a number of biophysical techniques used for determining the structural characteristics of biomolecules. [20] A deep neural network running on an ordinary desktop computer is interpreting highly technical data related to national security as well as—and sometimes better than—today's best automated methods or even human experts. [19] Scientists at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA), located at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, have pioneered the use of GPU-accelerated deep learning for rapid detection and characterization of gravitational waves. [18] Researchers from Queen Mary University of London have developed a mathematical model for the emergence of innovations. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[508] viXra:1806.0346 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-23 11:15:18

Brainwaves Controlling Robots

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 28 Pages.

Getting robots to do things isn't easy: usually scientists have to either explicitly program them or get them to understand how humans communicate via language. [18] Behind every self-driving car, self-learning robot and smart building hides a variety of advanced algorithms that control learning and decision making. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images. Elizabeth Holm, professor of materials science and engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, is leveraging this technology to better understand the enormous number of research images accumulated in the field of materials science. [13] With the help of artificial intelligence, chemists from the University of Basel in Switzerland have computed the characteristics of about two million crystals made up of four chemical elements. The researchers were able to identify 90 previously unknown thermodynamically stable crystals that can be regarded as new materials. [12] The artificial intelligence system's ability to set itself up quickly every morning and compensate for any overnight fluctuations would make this fragile technology much more useful for field measurements, said co-lead researcher Dr Michael Hush from UNSW ADFA. [11] Quantum physicist Mario Krenn and his colleagues in the group of Anton Zeilinger from the Faculty of Physics at the University of Vienna and the Austrian Academy of Sciences have developed an algorithm which designs new useful quantum experiments. As the computer does not rely on human intuition, it finds novel unfamiliar solutions. [10]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[507] viXra:1806.0332 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-22 08:50:37

Artificial Intelligence Hunger

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 34 Pages.

In order to improve world food conditions, a team around computer science professor Kristian Kersting was inspired by the technology behind Google News. [21] Small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) is one of a number of biophysical techniques used for determining the structural characteristics of biomolecules. [20] A deep neural network running on an ordinary desktop computer is interpreting highly technical data related to national security as well as—and sometimes better than— today's best automated methods or even human experts. [19] Scientists at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA), located at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, have pioneered the use of GPU-accelerated deep learning for rapid detection and characterization of gravitational waves. [18] Researchers from Queen Mary University of London have developed a mathematical model for the emergence of innovations. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images. Elizabeth Holm, professor of materials science and engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, is leveraging this technology to better understand the enormous number of research images accumulated in the field of materials science. [13] With the help of artificial intelligence, chemists from the University of Basel in Switzerland have computed the characteristics of about two million crystals made up of four chemical elements. The researchers were able to identify 90 previously unknown thermodynamically stable crystals that can be regarded as new materials. [12]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[506] viXra:1806.0314 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-23 05:17:26

Automated Driving Algorithm

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 36 Pages.

A self-driving vehicle has to detect objects, track them over time, and predict where they will be in the future in order to plan a safe manoeuvre. [22] In order to improve world food conditions, a team around computer science professor Kristian Kersting was inspired by the technology behind Google News. [21] Small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) is one of a number of biophysical techniques used for determining the structural characteristics of biomolecules. [20] A deep neural network running on an ordinary desktop computer is interpreting highly technical data related to national security as well as—and sometimes better than— today's best automated methods or even human experts. [19] Scientists at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA), located at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, have pioneered the use of GPU-accelerated deep learning for rapid detection and characterization of gravitational waves. [18] Researchers from Queen Mary University of London have developed a mathematical model for the emergence of innovations. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images. Elizabeth Holm, professor of materials science and engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, is leveraging this technology to better understand the enormous number of research images accumulated in the field of materials science. [13] With the help of artificial intelligence, chemists from the University of Basel in Switzerland have computed the characteristics of about two million crystals made up of four chemical elements. The researchers were able to identify 90 previously unknown thermodynamically stable crystals that can be regarded as new materials. [12]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[505] viXra:1806.0306 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-22 03:59:47

Machine Learning Biomolecules

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 33 Pages.

Small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) is one of a number of biophysical techniques used for determining the structural characteristics of biomolecules. [20] A deep neural network running on an ordinary desktop computer is interpreting highly technical data related to national security as well as—and sometimes better than— today's best automated methods or even human experts. [19] Scientists at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA), located at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, have pioneered the use of GPU-accelerated deep learning for rapid detection and characterization of gravitational waves. [18] Researchers from Queen Mary University of London have developed a mathematical model for the emergence of innovations. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images. Elizabeth Holm, professor of materials science and engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, is leveraging this technology to better understand the enormous number of research images accumulated in the field of materials science. [13] With the help of artificial intelligence, chemists from the University of Basel in Switzerland have computed the characteristics of about two million crystals made up of four chemical elements. The researchers were able to identify 90 previously unknown thermodynamically stable crystals that can be regarded as new materials. [12] The artificial intelligence system's ability to set itself up quickly every morning and compensate for any overnight fluctuations would make this fragile technology much more useful for field measurements, said co-lead researcher Dr Michael Hush from UNSW ADFA. [11]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[504] viXra:1806.0302 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-21 07:02:32

New Artificial Neural Networks Method

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

An international team of scientists from Eindhoven University of Technology, University of Texas at Austin, and University of Derby, has developed a revolutionary method that quadratically accelerates artificial intelligence (AI) training algorithms. [27] Predictions for an AI-dominated future are increasingly common, but Antoine Blondeau has experience in reading, and arguably manipulating, the runes—he helped develop technology that evolved into predictive texting and Apple's Siri. [26] Artificial intelligence can improve health care by analyzing data from apps, smartphones and wearable technology. [25] Now, researchers at Google’s DeepMind have developed a simple algorithm to handle such reasoning—and it has already beaten humans at a complex image comprehension test. [24] A marimba-playing robot with four arms and eight sticks is writing and playing its own compositions in a lab at the Georgia Institute of Technology. The pieces are generated using artificial intelligence and deep learning. [23] Now, a team of researchers at MIT and elsewhere has developed a new approach to such computations, using light instead of electricity, which they say could vastly improve the speed and efficiency of certain deep learning computations. [22]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[503] viXra:1806.0286 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-21 03:50:18

An End-to-end Model of Predicting Diverse Ranking OnHeterogeneous Feeds

Authors: Zizhe Gao, Zheng Gao, Heng Huang, Zhuoren Jiang, Yuliang Yan
Comments: 6 Pages.

As an external assistance for online shopping, multimedia content (feed) plays an important role in e-Commerce eld. Feeds in formats of post, item list and video bring in richer auxiliary information and more authentic assessments of commodities (items). In Alibaba, the largest Chinese online retailer, besides traditional item search engine (ISE), a content search engine (CSE) is utilized for feeds recommendation as well. However, the diversity of feed types raises a challenge for the CSE to rank heterogeneous feeds. In this paper, a two-step end-to-end model including Heterogeneous Type Sorting and Homogeneous Feed Ranking is proposed to address this problem. In the first step, an independent Multi-Armed bandit (iMAB) model is proposed first, and an improved personalized Markov Deep Neural Network (pMDNN) model is developed later on. In the second step, an existing Deep Structured Semantic Model (DSSM) is utilized for homogeneous feed ranking. A/B test on Alibaba product environment shows that, by considering user preference and feed type dependency, pMDNN model significantly outperforms than iMAB model to solve heterogeneous feed ranking problem.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[502] viXra:1806.0284 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-21 05:08:23

Deep Learning Nuclear Events

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

A deep neural network running on an ordinary desktop computer is interpreting highly technical data related to national security as well as—and sometimes better than— today's best automated methods or even human experts. [19] Scientists at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA), located at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, have pioneered the use of GPU-accelerated deep learning for rapid detection and characterization of gravitational waves. [18] Researchers from Queen Mary University of London have developed a mathematical model for the emergence of innovations. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images. Elizabeth Holm, professor of materials science and engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, is leveraging this technology to better understand the enormous number of research images accumulated in the field of materials science. [13] With the help of artificial intelligence, chemists from the University of Basel in Switzerland have computed the characteristics of about two million crystals made up of four chemical elements. The researchers were able to identify 90 previously unknown thermodynamically stable crystals that can be regarded as new materials. [12] The artificial intelligence system's ability to set itself up quickly every morning and compensate for any overnight fluctuations would make this fragile technology much more useful for field measurements, said co-lead researcher Dr Michael Hush from UNSW ADFA. [11]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[501] viXra:1806.0263 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-15 21:10:42

Synthetic Human and Genius

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 1 Page.

why just today i gave up on AI-SA, artificial intelligence and synthetic awareness
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[500] viXra:1806.0202 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-14 08:13:55

AI Needs Hardware Accelerators

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

In a recent paper published in Nature, our IBM Research AI team demonstrated deep neural network (DNN) training with large arrays of analog memory devices at the same accuracy as a Graphical Processing Unit (GPU)-based system. [25] Physicists in the US have used machine learning to determine the phase diagram of a system of 12 idealized quantum particles to a higher precision than ever before. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning—a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data—with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21] The possibility of cognitive nuclear-spin processing came to Fisher in part through studies performed in the 1980s that reported a remarkable lithium isotope dependence on the behavior of mother rats. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society (CNS), cognitive neuroscientists increasingly are using those emerging artificial networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[499] viXra:1806.0161 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-13 03:36:25

Machine Learning Quantum Phases

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

Physicists in the US have used machine learning to determine the phase diagram of a system of 12 idealized quantum particles to a higher precision than ever before. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning—a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data—with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21] The possibility of cognitive nuclear-spin processing came to Fisher in part through studies performed in the 1980s that reported a remarkable lithium isotope dependence on the behavior of mother rats. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society (CNS), cognitive neuroscientists increasingly are using those emerging artificial networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[498] viXra:1806.0134 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-10 17:03:06

What I Would Ask a True ai When We Develop it

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 5 Pages.

an essay about artificial intelligence, synthetic awareness, and why we need both
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[497] viXra:1806.0075 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-06 12:28:50

Schur Group Theory Software Interfacing with Ruby Language in the Context of Ruby Based Machine Learning - An Interesting Insight into the Informatics World of Group Theory and its Nano-Bio Applications.

Authors: Nirmal Tej kumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Simple Technical Notes/Short Communication on SchurGroupTheory Software

We are very much inspired by “Lie Algebra” and its interesting applications in the realms of Science & Technology domains involving multi-disciplinary R&D these days in the context of nanotechnology. It is therefore inspiring to present a simple technical note involving the above mentioned TITLE for the READERS.Schur Group theory Software written in C language could be easily interfaced with Ruby language.Therefore,we could explore the many useful features of Ruby language in the context of Machine Learning/IoT/Cloud Applications etc.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[496] viXra:1806.0072 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-06 13:39:03

Artificial Intelligence Analyze Causation

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

Now, researchers have tested the first artificial intelligence model to identify and rank many causes in real-world problems without time-sequenced data, using a multi-nodal causal structure and Directed Acyclic Graphs. [29] A country that thinks its adversaries have or will get AI weapons will want to get them too. Wide use of AI-powered cyberattacks may still be some time away. [28] Following the old saying that "knowledge is power", companies are seeking to infer increasingly intimate properties about their customers as a way to gain an edge over their competitors. [27] Researchers from Human Longevity, Inc. (HLI) have published a study in which individual faces and other physical traits were predicted using whole genome sequencing data and machine learning. [26] Artificial intelligence can improve health care by analyzing data from apps, smartphones and wearable technology. [25] Now, researchers at Google's DeepMind have developed a simple algorithm to handle such reasoning—and it has already beaten humans at a complex image comprehension test. [24] A marimba-playing robot with four arms and eight sticks is writing and playing its own compositions in a lab at the Georgia Institute of Technology. The pieces are generated using artificial intelligence and deep learning. [23] Now, a team of researchers at MIT and elsewhere has developed a new approach to such computations, using light instead of electricity, which they say could vastly improve the speed and efficiency of certain deep learning computations. [22] Physicists have found that the structure of certain types of quantum learning algorithms is very similar to their classical counterparts—a finding that will help scientists further develop the quantum versions. [21] We should remain optimistic that quantum computing and AI will continue to improve our lives, but we also should continue to hold companies, organizations, and governments accountable for how our private data is used, as well as the technology's impact on the environment. [20] It's man vs machine this week as Google's artificial intelligence programme AlphaGo faces the world's top-ranked Go player in a contest expected to end in another victory for rapid advances in AI. [19]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[495] viXra:1806.0044 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-04 06:31:48

L’apprentissage Profond Sur Mimic-III :Prédiction de la Mortalité Sous 24 H

Authors: Ayoub ABRAICH
Comments: 97 Pages.

Ce projet décrit la fouille de données sur la base MIMIC-III . L’objectif est de prédire le décès à l’hôpital sur la base MIMIC III. On va suivre dans ce projet le processus Knowledge Discovery in Databases (KDD) qui est : 1. Sélection et extraction d’un ensemble de données de séries chronologiques multiva- riées à partir d’une base de données de rangées de millons en écrivant des requêtes SQL. 2. Prétraiter et nettoyer la série chronologique en un ensemble de données bien rangé en explorant les données, en gérant les données manquantes (taux de données man- quantes> 50%) et en supprimant le bruit / les valeurs aberrantes. 3. Développement d’un modèle prédictif permettant d’associer aux séries chronolo- giques biomédicales un indicateur de gravité ( probabilité de mortalité ) en mettant en œuvre plusieurs algorithmes tels que l’arbre de décision gradient boost et le k-NN (k-nearest neighbors) avec l’algorithme DTW (Dynamic time warping). 4. Résultat de 30% d’augmentation du score F1 (mesure de la précision d’un test) par rapport à l’indice de notation médical (SAPS II).
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[494] viXra:1806.0007 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-02 04:37:40

Apple Cleared Path for App Update

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21] In the September 23th issue of the Physical Review Letters, Prof. Julien Laurat and his team at Pierre and Marie Curie University in Paris (Laboratoire Kastler Brossel-LKB) report that they have realized an efficient mirror consisting of only 2000 atoms. [20] Physicists at MIT have now cooled a gas of potassium atoms to several nanokelvins—just a hair above absolute zero—and trapped the atoms within a two-dimensional sheet of an optical lattice created by crisscrossing lasers. Using a high-resolution microscope, the researchers took images of the cooled atoms residing in the lattice. [19]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[493] viXra:1805.0546 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-31 09:44:38

Deep Learning Hologram Reconstruction

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

Deep learning, which uses multi-layered artificial neural networks, is a form of machine learning that has demonstrated significant advances in many fields, including natural language processing, image/video labeling and captioning. [26]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[492] viXra:1805.0545 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-31 13:02:19

Face to Phase Recognition

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

Frenkel and his collaborators have now developed such a "phase-recognition" tool—or more precisely, a way to extract "hidden" signatures of an unknown structure from measurements made by existing tools. [27] Deep learning, which uses multi-layered artificial neural networks, is a form of machine learning that has demonstrated significant advances in many fields, including natural language processing, image/video labeling and captioning. [26]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[491] viXra:1805.0539 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-30 10:24:13

Machine Learning Accelerate Bioengineering

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

Scientists from the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have developed a way to use machine learning to dramatically accelerate the design of microbes that produce biofuel. [25] AI combined with stem cells promises a faster approach to disease prevention. Andrew Masterson reports. According to product chief Trystan Upstill, the news app "uses the best of artificial intelligence to find the best of human intelligence—the great reporting done by journalists around the globe." [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an a-MAZE-ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] Now researchers at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and UC Berkeley have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[490] viXra:1805.0520 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-30 03:30:54

An English-Hindi Code-Mixed Corpus: Stance Annotation and Baseline System

Authors: Sahil Swami, Ankush Khandelwal, Vinay Singh, Syed Sarfaraz Akhtar, Manish Shrivastava
Comments: 9 Pages. CICLing 2018

Social media has become one of the main channels for peo- ple to communicate and share their views with the society. We can often detect from these views whether the person is in favor, against or neu- tral towards a given topic. These opinions from social media are very useful for various companies. We present a new dataset that consists of 3545 English-Hindi code-mixed tweets with opinion towards Demoneti- sation that was implemented in India in 2016 which was followed by a large countrywide debate. We present a baseline supervised classification system for stance detection developed using the same dataset that uses various machine learning techniques to achieve an accuracy of 58.7% on 10-fold cross validation.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[489] viXra:1805.0519 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-30 03:34:17

A Corpus of English-Hindi Code-Mixed Tweets for Sarcasm Detection

Authors: Sahil Swami, Ankush Khandelwal, Vinay Singh, Syed Sarfaraz Akhtar, Manish Shrivastava
Comments: 9 Pages. CICLing 2018

Social media platforms like twitter and facebook have be- come two of the largest mediums used by people to express their views to- wards different topics. Generation of such large user data has made NLP tasks like sentiment analysis and opinion mining much more important. Using sarcasm in texts on social media has become a popular trend lately. Using sarcasm reverses the meaning and polarity of what is implied by the text which poses challenge for many NLP tasks. The task of sarcasm detection in text is gaining more and more importance for both commer- cial and security services. We present the first English-Hindi code-mixed dataset of tweets marked for presence of sarcasm and irony where each token is also annotated with a language tag. We present a baseline su- pervised classification system developed using the same dataset which achieves an average F-score of 78.4 after using random forest classifier and performing 10-fold cross validation.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[488] viXra:1805.0509 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-28 10:26:25

AI for Solar Cells

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

Solar cells will play a key role in shifting to a renewable economy. Organic photovoltaics (OPVs) are a promising class of solar cells, based on a light-absorbing organic molecule combined with a semiconducting polymer. [26] Today IBM Research is introducing IBM Crypto Anchor Verifier, a new technology that brings innovations in AI and optical imaging together to help prove the identity and authenticity of objects. [25] AI combined with stem cells promises a faster approach to disease prevention. Andrew Masterson reports. [24] According to product chief Trystan Upstill, the news app "uses the best of artificial intelligence to find the best of human intelligence—the great reporting done by journalists around the globe." [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an aMAZE -ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[487] viXra:1805.0504 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-28 15:39:24

An Insight into the World of Hidden Markov Models Based on Higher Order Logic (HOL)/Scala/Haskell/JVM/IoT in the Context of NLP & Medical Image Processing Applications.

Authors: Nirmal Tej kumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Technical Notes on HMM/HOL/NLP to probe Medical Images

As explained in the TITLE mentioned above - it was proposed to design,develop,implement,test and probe the interesting aspects of Medical Imaging domains using HOL/NLP/HMM Concepts.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[486] viXra:1805.0472 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-26 09:08:15

AI Can't Solve Everything

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

While it is undeniable that AI has opened up a wealth of promising opportunities, it has also led to the emergence of a mindset that can be best described as "AI solutionism". [24] Intel's Gadi Singer believes his most important challenge is his latest: using artificial intelligence (AI) to reshape scientific exploration. [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an aMAZE -ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[485] viXra:1805.0459 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-25 09:09:21

AI Changing Science

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

Intel's Gadi Singer believes his most important challenge is his latest: using artificial intelligence (AI) to reshape scientific exploration. [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an aMAZE -ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[484] viXra:1805.0436 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-23 12:57:08

AI with Optical Scanning

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

Today IBM Research is introducing IBM Crypto Anchor Verifier, a new technology that brings innovations in AI and optical imaging together to help prove the identity and authenticity of objects. [25] AI combined with stem cells promises a faster approach to disease prevention. Andrew Masterson reports. [24] According to product chief Trystan Upstill, the news app "uses the best of artificial intelligence to find the best of human intelligence—the great reporting done by journalists around the globe." [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an a-MAZE-ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[483] viXra:1805.0380 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-22 15:08:49

Bringing Deep Learning to IoT Devices Using Higher Order Logic(HOL)/Scala/Haskell/JVM as an Informatics Platform – A Novel Suggestion in the Context of Hardware/Software/Firmware Co-Design Approaches.

Authors: Nirmal Tej kumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Short Communication

As explained in the TITLE mentioned above,it is very much inspiring to probe the frontiers of IoT & its application domains in the context of science & technology using HOL/Scala/Haskell/JVM To the best of our knowledge,this is one of the pioneering efforts in this promising,challenging & inspiring aspects of DEEP LEARNING.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[482] viXra:1805.0365 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-21 05:36:58

AI Combined with Stem Cells

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

AI combined with stem cells promises a faster approach to disease prevention. Andrew Masterson reports. According to product chief Trystan Upstill, the news app "uses the best of artificial intelligence to find the best of human intelligence—the great reporting done by journalists around the globe." [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an aMAZE -ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[481] viXra:1805.0354 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-20 06:35:52

Google Pushes Artificial Intelligence

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

According to product chief Trystan Upstill, the news app "uses the best of artificial intelligence to find the best of human intelligence—the great reporting done by journalists around the globe." [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an aMAZE -ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[480] viXra:1805.0311 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-15 11:07:14

Modeling and Simulation of Servo Feed System of CNC Machine Tool Based on Matlab/simulink

Authors: Subom YUN, Onjoeng SIM
Comments: 5 Pages. fig 9, equation 5, reference 9

In the industry, CNC machine tools play an irreplaceable role. It not only realizes the rapid industrial production, but also saves manpower and material resources. It is the symbol of modernization. As an important part of CNC machine tools, feed system plays a very important role on the processing process; it refers to the product's quality problems. According to the principle of mechanical dynamics, I establish a mathematical model of machine tool feed drive system and use Simulink(dynamic simulation tool) in MATLAB to construct the simulation model of the feed system of lathe. We also designed the ANFIS-PID controller to cope with the mathematical model of the complex object and the model uncertainty that exists when there is external noise. These efforts offer effective foundation for the improvement of CNC machine tool.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[479] viXra:1805.0295 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-14 22:08:38

Modeling and Simulation of Feed System Design of CNC Machine Tool Based on Matlab/simulink

Authors: Yunsubom
Comments: 8page

In the industry, CNC machine tools plays an irreplaceable role. It not only realizes the rapid industrial production, but also saves manpower and material resources. It is the symbol of modernization. As an important part of CNC machine tools, feed system plays a very important role on the processing process; it refers to the product's quality problems. According to the principle of mechanical dynamics, I establish a mathematical model of machine tool feed drive system and use Simulink(dynamic simulation tool) in MATLAB to construct the simulation model of the feed system of lathe. We also designed the ANFIS-PID controller to cope with the mathematical model of the complex object and the model uncertainty that exists when there is external noise. These efforts offer effective foundation for the improvement of CNC machine tool.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[478] viXra:1805.0279 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-13 08:47:06

AI Find Alien Intelligence

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 37 Pages.

In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an aMAZE -ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images. Elizabeth Holm, professor of materials science and engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, is leveraging this technology to better understand the enormous number of research images accumulated in the field of materials science. [13]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[477] viXra:1805.0277 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-13 10:13:09

Strategy on Artificial Intelligence

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an aMAZE -ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images. Elizabeth Holm, professor of materials science and engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, is leveraging this technology to better understand the enormous number of research images accumulated in the field of materials science. [13]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[476] viXra:1805.0267 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-13 15:24:24

An Improved Method of Generating Z-Number Based on Owa Weights and Maximum Entropy

Authors: Bingyi Kang
Comments: 24 Pages.

How to generate Z-number is an important and open issue in the uncertain information processing of Z-number. In [1], a method of generating Z-number using OWA weight and maximum entropy is investigated. However, the meaning of the method in [1] is not clear enough according to the definition of Z-number. Inspired by the methodology in [1], we improve the method of determining Z-number based on OWA weights and maximum entropy, which is more clear about the meaning of Z-number. Some numerical examples are used to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed method.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[475] viXra:1805.0240 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-11 08:45:03

Probabilistic Computing for AI

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 33 Pages.

Probabilistic computing will allow future systems to comprehend and compute with uncertainties inherent in natural data, which will enable us to build computers capable of understanding, predicting and decision-making. [20] For years, the people developing artificial intelligence drew inspiration from what was known about the human brain, and it has enjoyed a lot of success as a result. Now, AI is starting to return the favor. [19] Scientists at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA), located at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, have pioneered the use of GPU-accelerated deep learning for rapid detection and characterization of gravitational waves. [18] Researchers from Queen Mary University of London have developed a mathematical model for the emergence of innovations. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images. Elizabeth Holm, professor of materials science and engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, is leveraging this technology to better understand the enormous number of research images accumulated in the field of materials science. [13] With the help of artificial intelligence, chemists from the University of Basel in Switzerland have computed the characteristics of about two million crystals made up of four chemical elements. The researchers were able to identify 90 previously unknown thermodynamically stable crystals that can be regarded as new materials. [12] The artificial intelligence system's ability to set itself up quickly every morning and compensate for any overnight fluctuations would make this fragile technology much more useful for field measurements, said co-lead researcher Dr Michael Hush from UNSW ADFA. [11]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[474] viXra:1805.0226 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-12 00:44:53

A Memristor based Unsupervised Neuromorphic System Towards Fast and Energy-Efficient GAN

Authors: Fuqiang Liu, Chenchen Liu
Comments: 8 Pages.

Deep Learning has gained immense success in pushing today's artificial intelligence forward. To solve the challenge of limited labeled data in the supervised learning world, unsupervised learning has been proposed years ago while low accuracy hinters its realistic applications. Generative adversarial network (GAN) emerges as an unsupervised learning approach with promising accuracy and are under extensively study. However, the execution of GAN is extremely memory and computation intensive and results in ultra-low speed and high-power consumption. In this work, we proposed a holistic solution for fast and energy-efficient GAN computation through a memristor-based neuromorphic system. First, we exploited a hardware and software co-design approach to map the computation blocks in GAN efficiently. We also proposed an efficient data flow for optimal parallelism training and testing, depending on the computation correlations between different computing blocks. To compute the unique and complex loss of GAN, we developed a diff-block with optimized accuracy and performance. The experiment results on big data show that our design achieves 2.8x speedup and 6.1x energy-saving compared with the traditional GPU accelerator, as well as 5.5x speedup and 1.4x energy-saving compared with the previous FPGA-based accelerator.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[473] viXra:1805.0222 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-12 05:37:50

AI take Shortcuts

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

Call it an aMAZE -ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society (CNS), cognitive neuroscientists increasingly are using those emerging artificial networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images. Elizabeth Holm, professor of materials science and engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, is leveraging this technology to better understand the enormous number of research images accumulated in the field of materials science. [13] With the help of artificial intelligence, chemists from the University of Basel in Switzerland have computed the characteristics of about two million crystals made up of four chemical elements. The researchers were able to identify 90 previously unknown thermodynamically stable crystals that can be regarded as new materials. [12]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[472] viXra:1805.0214 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-11 03:01:10

Ai Should not be an Open Source Project

Authors: Dimiter Dobrev
Comments: 10 Pages. Bulgarian language

Who should have the Artificial Intelligence technology? This technology should belong to everybody, but not the technology itself, but the fruits it will give us. Of course, we should not allow AI to fall into the hands of irresponsible people. Similarly, nuclear technology should benefit everyone, but these technologies must be kept in secret and should not be accessible to everyone.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[471] viXra:1805.0195 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-09 08:58:01

Collectives of Automata for Building of Active Systems of Artifical Intelligence

Authors: Aleksey A. Demidov
Comments: 37 Pages.

Basics of knowledge of AI in simple form
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[470] viXra:1805.0147 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-07 09:36:53

Full Circle in Deep Learning

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

For years, the people developing artificial intelligence drew inspiration from what was known about the human brain, and it has enjoyed a lot of success as a result. Now, AI is starting to return the favor. [19] Scientists at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA), located at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, have pioneered the use of GPU-accelerated deep learning for rapid detection and characterization of gravitational waves. [18] Researchers from Queen Mary University of London have developed a mathematical model for the emergence of innovations. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[469] viXra:1805.0089 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-04 08:35:04

Group Sparse Recovery in Impulsive Noise Via Adm

Authors: Jianwen Huang, Feng Zhang, Jianjun Wang, Wendong Wang
Comments: 25 Pages.

In this paper, we consider the recovery of group sparse signals corrupted by impulsive noise. In some recent literature, researchers have utilized stable data fitting models, like $l_1$-norm, Huber penalty function and Lorentzian-norm, to substitute the $l_2$-norm data fidelity model to obtain more robust performance. In this paper, a stable model is developed, which exploits the generalized $l_p$-norm as the measure for the error for sparse reconstruction. In order to address this model, we propose an efficient alternative direction method, which includes the proximity operator of $l_p$-norm functions to the framework of Lagrangian methods. Besides, to guarantee the convergence of the algorithm in the case of $0\leq p<1$ (nonconvex case), we took advantage of a smoothing strategy. For both $0\leq p<1$ (nonconvex case) and $1\leq p\leq2$ (convex case), we have derived the conditions of the convergence for the proposed algorithm. Moreover, under the block restricted isometry property with constant $\delta_{\tau k_0}<\tau/(4-\tau)$ for $0<\tau<4/3$ and $\delta_{\tau k_0}<\sqrt{(\tau-1)/\tau}$ for $\tau\geq4/3$, a sharp sufficient condition for group sparse recovery in the presence of impulsive noise and its associated error upper bound estimation are established. Numerical results based on the synthetic block sparse signals and the real-world FECG signals demonstrate the effectiveness and robustness of new algorithm in highly impulsive noise.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[468] viXra:1805.0053 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-01 04:43:59

Magnetic Waves of Neuromorphic Computing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

A team of physicists has uncovered properties of a category of magnetic waves relevant to the development of neuromorphic computing—an artificial intelligence system that seeks to mimic human-brain function. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning—a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data—with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21] The possibility of cognitive nuclear-spin processing came to Fisher in part through studies performed in the 1980s that reported a remarkable lithium isotope dependence on the behavior of mother rats. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society (CNS), cognitive neuroscientists increasingly are using those emerging artificial networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[467] viXra:1805.0044 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-01 13:09:45

AI Spots Gravitational Waves

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

A deep-learning system that can sift gravitational wave signals from background noise has been created by physicists in the UK. [8] Using data from the first-ever gravitational waves detected last year, along with a theoretical analysis, physicists have shown that gravitational waves may oscillate between two different forms called "g" and "f"-type gravitational waves. [7] Astronomy experiments could soon test an idea developed by Albert Einstein almost exactly a century ago, scientists say. [6] It's estimated that 27% of all the matter in the universe is invisible, while everything from PB&J sandwiches to quasars accounts for just 4.9%. But a new theory of gravity proposed by theoretical physicist Erik Verlinde of the University of Amsterdam found out a way to dispense with the pesky stuff. [5] The proposal by the trio though phrased in a way as to suggest it's a solution to the arrow of time problem, is not likely to be addressed as such by the physics community— it's more likely to be considered as yet another theory that works mathematically, yet still can't answer the basic question of what is time. [4] The Weak Interaction transforms an electric charge in the diffraction pattern from one side to the other side, causing an electric dipole momentum change, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The Neutrino Oscillation of the Weak Interaction shows that it is a General electric dipole change and it is possible to any other temperature dependent entropy and information changing diffraction pattern of atoms, molecules and even complicated biological living structures.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[466] viXra:1804.0334 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-24 04:00:45

Introduction of Reflex Based Neural Network

Authors: Liang Yi
Comments: 17 Pages.

This paper introduces a new neural network that works quite different from current neural network model. The RBNN model is based on the concept of conditioned reflex, which widely exists in real creatures. In RBNN, all learning procedure are executed by the neural network itself, which makes it not a complex mathematic model but simple enough to be implemented in real brain. In RBNN, information is organized in a clear way, which makes the whole network a white box rather than a black box, so we can teach the network knowledge easily and fast. This paper shows the power of conditioned reflex as a search tool which can be used as states transfer function in state machine. Using combinations of neurons as symbols which plays the role of letters in traditional state machine, a RBNN can be treated as a state machine with small number of memory unit but huge number of letters.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[465] viXra:1804.0281 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-19 09:47:02

Perceptual Significance of Kernel Methods for Natural Image Processing

Authors: Vikas Ramachandra, Truong Nguyen
Comments: 6 Pages.

We explore the unifying connection between kernel regression, Volterra series expansion and multiscale signal decomposition using recent results on function estimation for system identification. We show that using any of these techniques for (non-linear) image processing tasks is (approximately) equivalent. Further, we use the relation between wavelets and independent components of natural images. Kernel methods can be shown to be implicit Volterra series expansions, which are well approximated by wavelets. Wavelets are, in turn, well represented by independent components of natural images. Thus, it can be seen that kernel methods are also near optimal in terms of higher order statistical modeling and approximation of (natural) images. This explains the reason for good results often (perceptually) observed with the use of kernel methods for many image processing problems.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[464] viXra:1804.0280 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-19 09:53:13

Superresolution Using Perceptually Significant Side Information

Authors: Vikas Ramachandra, Truong Nguyen
Comments: 4 Pages.

We investigate the problem of super-resolution of images in the presence of side information. In some situations, when some information of the original image is available to the sender, it can be embedded into the low resolution images, either in the pixels themselves or in the headers. This information can be later used when required to reconstruct the superresolved image. For this, a novel multiresolution histogram matching based superresolution procedure is outlined. The proposed technique gives better results compared to contemporary resolution enhancement algorithms, and is especially useful for de-blurring text images captured from mobile phone cameras.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[463] viXra:1804.0278 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-19 09:59:42

A Distributed Compressive Sampling Approach for Scene Capture Using an Array of Single Pixel Cameras

Authors: Vikas Ramachandra
Comments: 4 Pages.

This paper presents a method of capturing 3D scene information using an array of single pixel cameras. Based on the recent results for distributed compressive sampling, it is shown here that there could be considerable savings in the measurements required to construct the whole scene, when the correlations between the images captured by the individual cameras in the array is exploited. A technique for doing so for an array of cameras separated by translations along one axis only is illustrated.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[462] viXra:1804.0249 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-18 03:52:47

Machine Learning Protein Dynamics Data

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

At the University of South Florida, researchers are integrating machine learning techniques into their work studying proteins. [21] Bioinformatics professors Anthony Gitter and Casey Greene set out in summer 2016 to write a paper about biomedical applications for deep learning, a hot new artificial intelligence field striving to mimic the neural networks of the human brain. [20] A team of researchers from the University of Muenster in Germany has now demonstrated that this combination is extremely well suited to planning chemical syntheses—so-called retrosyntheses—with unprecedented efficiency. [19] Two physicists at ETH Zurich and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have developed a novel machine-learning algorithm that analyses large data sets describing a physical system and extract from them the essential information needed to understand the underlying physics. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images. Elizabeth Holm, professor of materials science and engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, is leveraging this technology to better understand the enormous number of research images accumulated in the field of materials science. [13]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[461] viXra:1804.0237 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-18 11:04:11

Beyond Back Propagation

Authors: Tofara Moyo
Comments: 1 Page.

5 Protea Lane Newton west
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[460] viXra:1804.0197 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-14 08:00:32

Artificial Intelligence Accelerates Discovery

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning—a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data—with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21] The possibility of cognitive nuclear-spin processing came to Fisher in part through studies performed in the 1980s that reported a remarkable lithium isotope dependence on the behavior of mother rats. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society (CNS), cognitive neuroscientists increasingly are using those emerging artificial networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[459] viXra:1804.0155 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-11 07:17:37

Deep Learning Smartphone Microscope

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 36 Pages.

Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21] The possibility of cognitive nuclear-spin processing came to Fisher in part through studies performed in the 1980s that reported a remarkable lithium isotope dependence on the behavior of mother rats. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society (CNS), cognitive neuroscientists increasingly are using those emerging artificial networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[458] viXra:1804.0149 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-09 11:59:00

Machine Learning for Gravitational Waves

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 21 Pages.

A trio of students from the University of Glasgow have developed a sophisticated artificial intelligence which could underpin the next phase of gravitational wave astronomy. [8] Using data from the first-ever gravitational waves detected last year, along with a theoretical analysis, physicists have shown that gravitational waves may oscillate between two different forms called "g" and "f"-type gravitational waves. [7] Astronomy experiments could soon test an idea developed by Albert Einstein almost exactly a century ago, scientists say. [6] It's estimated that 27% of all the matter in the universe is invisible, while everything from PB&J sandwiches to quasars accounts for just 4.9%. But a new theory of gravity proposed by theoretical physicist Erik Verlinde of the University of Amsterdam found out a way to dispense with the pesky stuff. [5] The proposal by the trio though phrased in a way as to suggest it's a solution to the arrow of time problem, is not likely to be addressed as such by the physics community— it's more likely to be considered as yet another theory that works mathematically, yet still can't answer the basic question of what is time. [4] The Weak Interaction transforms an electric charge in the diffraction pattern from one side to the other side, causing an electric dipole momentum change, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The Neutrino Oscillation of the Weak Interaction shows that it is a General electric dipole change and it is possible to any other temperature dependent entropy and information changing diffraction pattern of atoms, molecules and even complicated biological living structures.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[457] viXra:1804.0114 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-07 10:24:50

Rethinking BICA’s R&D Challenges: Grief Revelations of an Upset Revisionist

Authors: Emanuel Diamant
Comments: 6 Pages.

Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures (BICA) is a subfield of Artificial Intelligence aimed at creating machines that emulate human cognitive abilities. What distinguish BICA from other AI approaches is that it based on principles drawn from biology and neuroscience. There is a widespread conviction that nature has a solution for almost all problems we are faced with today. We have only to pick up the solution and replicate it in our design. However, Nature does not easily give up her secrets. Especially, when it is about human brain deciphering. For that reason, large Brain Research Initiatives have been launched around the world. They will provide us with knowledge about brain workflow activity in neuron assemblies and their interconnections. But what is being “flown” (conveyed) via the interconnections the research programme does not disclose. It is implied that what flows in the interconnections is information. But what is information? – that remains undefined. Having in mind BICA’s interest in the matters, the paper will try to clarify the issues.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[456] viXra:1804.0113 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-07 10:28:34

Artificial Neural Networks: a Bio-Inspired Revolution or a Long Lasting Misconception and Self-Delusion

Authors: Emanuel Diamant
Comments: 7 Pages. Rejected by the IJCNN 2018, Rio de Janeiro, July 08-13, 2018.

Ali Rahimi, best paper award recipient at NIPS 2017, labelled the current state of Deep Learning (DL) headway as “alchemy”. Yann LeCun, one of the prominent figures in the DL R&D, was insulted by this expression. However, in his response, LeCun did not claimed that DL designers know how and why their DL systems reach so surprising performances. The possible reason for this cautiousness is: No one knows how and in which way system input data is transformed into semantic information at the system’s output. And this, certainly, has its own reason: No one knows what information is! I dare to offer my humble clarification about this obscure and usually untouchable matter. I hope someone would be ready to line up with me.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[455] viXra:1804.0112 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-07 11:12:53

Recurrent Capsule Network for Image Generation

Authors: Srikumar Sastry
Comments: 9 Pages.

We have already seen state-of-the-art image generation techniques with Generative Adversarial Networks (Goodfellow et al. 2014), Variational Autoencoder and Recurrent Network for Image generation (K. Gregor et al. 2015). But all these architectures fail to learn object location and pose in images. In this paper, I propose Recurrent Capsule Network based on variational auto encoding framework which can not only preserve equivariance in images in the latent space but also can be used for image classification and generation. For image classification, it can recognise highly overlapping objects due to the use of capsules (Hinton et al. 2011), considerably better than convolutional networks. It can generate images which can be difficult to differentiate from the real data.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[454] viXra:1804.0094 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-06 04:33:26

Automated Classification of Hand-Grip Action on Objects Using Machine Learning

Authors: Anju Mishra, Amity University Uttar Pradesh SHANU SHARMA, Amity University Uttar Pradesh SANJAY KUMAR, Oxford Brooks University PRIYA RANJAN, Amity University Uttar Pradesh AMIT UJLAYAN, Gautam Buddha University
Comments: 10 Pages. This is a preprint of a paper under possible publication consideration.

Brain computer interface is the current area of research to provide assistance to disabled persons. To cope up with the growing needs of BCI applications, this paper presents an automated classification scheme for handgrip actions on objects by using Electroencephalography (EEG) data. The presented approach focuses on investigation of classifying correct and incorrect handgrip responses for objects by using EEG recorded patterns. The method starts with preprocessing of data, followed by extraction of relevant features from the epoch data in the form of discrete wavelet transform (DWT), and entropy measures. After computing feature vectors, artificial neural network classifiers used to classify the patterns into correct and incorrect handgrips on different objects. The proposed method was tested on real dataset, which contains EEG recordings from 14 persons. The results showed that the proposed approach is effective and may be useful to develop a variety of BCI based devices to control hand movements. KEYWORDS EEG, Brain computer interface, Machine learning, Hand action recognition
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[453] viXra:1804.0074 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-04 07:28:11

Biomedical Applications for Deep Learning

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

Bioinformatics professors Anthony Gitter and Casey Greene set out in summer 2016 to write a paper about biomedical applications for deep learning, a hot new artificial intelligence field striving to mimic the neural networks of the human brain. [20] A team of researchers from the University of Muenster in Germany has now demonstrated that this combination is extremely well suited to planning chemical syntheses—so-called retrosyntheses—with unprecedented efficiency. [19] Two physicists at ETH Zurich and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have developed a novel machine-learning algorithm that analyses large data sets describing a physical system and extract from them the essential information needed to understand the underlying physics. [18] Now researchers at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and UC Berkeley have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[452] viXra:1804.0056 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-05 08:26:14

Computer Recognize Dynamic Events

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 35 Pages.

Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21] The possibility of cognitive nuclear-spin processing came to Fisher in part through studies performed in the 1980s that reported a remarkable lithium isotope dependence on the behavior of mother rats. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society (CNS), cognitive neuroscientists increasingly are using those emerging artificial networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images. Elizabeth Holm, professor of materials science and engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, is leveraging this technology to better understand the enormous number of research images accumulated in the field of materials science. [13]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[451] viXra:1804.0048 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-03 10:59:48

Machine Learning to Microbial Relationship

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

Marculescu, along with ECE Ph.D. student Chieh Lo, has developed a machine learning algorithm—called MPLasso—that uses data to infer associations and interactions between microbes in the GI microbiome. [20] A team of researchers from the University of Muenster in Germany has now demonstrated that this combination is extremely well suited to planning chemical syntheses—so-called retrosyntheses—with unprecedented efficiency. [19] Two physicists at ETH Zurich and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have developed a novel machine-learning algorithm that analyses large data sets describing a physical system and extract from them the essential information needed to understand the underlying physics. [18] Now researchers at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and UC Berkeley have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[450] viXra:1804.0020 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-02 03:54:11

A New Neural Network for Artificial General Intelligence

Authors: Haisong Liang
Comments: 44 Pages. Include both English and Chinese version.

Since artificial intelligence was first introduced several decades ago, neural network has achieved remarkable results as one of the most important research methods, and variety of neural network models have been proposed. Usually, for a specific task, we train the network with large amounts of data to develop a mathematical model, making the model produce the expected outputs according to inputs, which also results in the black box problem. In this case, if we study from the perspective of information meanings and their causal relations with the following measures: denote information by neurons; store their relations with links; give neurons a state indicating the strength of information, which can be updated by a state function or input signal; then we can store different information and their relations and control related information's expression with neurons' state. The neural network will become a dynamic system then. More importantly, we can denote different information and logic by designing the topology of neural network and the attributes of the links, and thus having the ability to design and explain every detail of the network precisely, turning neural network into a general information storage, expression, control and processing system, which is also commonly referred as "Strong AI".
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[449] viXra:1803.0751 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-31 04:17:45

Galenism: A Methodology for the Key Unification of Von Neumann Machines and Hierarchical Databases

Authors: Pallabi Chakraborty, Bhargav Bhushanam
Comments: 7 Pages.

The implications of psychoacoustic methodologies have been far-reaching and pervasive. In this work, we disprove the simulation of active networks. We examine how fiber-optic cables can be applied to the evaluation of DNS.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[448] viXra:1803.0728 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-30 06:52:39

Artificial Intelligence in Chemical Synthesis

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 29 Pages.

A team of researchers from the University of Muenster in Germany has now demonstrated that this combination is extremely well suited to planning chemical syntheses—so-called retrosyntheses—with unprecedented efficiency. [19] Two physicists at ETH Zurich and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have developed a novel machine-learning algorithm that analyses large data sets describing a physical system and extract from them the essential information needed to understand the underlying physics. [18] Now researchers at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and UC Berkeley have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[447] viXra:1803.0699 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-29 01:48:31

Universal Forecasting Scheme {Version 4}

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 3 Pages.

In this research investigation, the author has presented a Novel Method of Forecasting.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[446] viXra:1803.0696 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-29 06:19:03

Teaching Machine in Physical Systems

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 27 Pages.

Two physicists at ETH Zurich and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have developed a novel machine-learning algorithm that analyses large data sets describing a physical system and extract from them the essential information needed to understand the underlying physics. [18] Now researchers at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and UC Berkeley have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images. Elizabeth Holm, professor of materials science and engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, is leveraging this technology to better understand the enormous number of research images accumulated in the field of materials science. [13] With the help of artificial intelligence, chemists from the University of Basel in Switzerland have computed the characteristics of about two million crystals made up of four chemical elements. The researchers were able to identify 90 previously unknown thermodynamically stable crystals that can be regarded as new materials. [12]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[445] viXra:1803.0695 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-28 04:26:14

Brain's Potential for Quantum Computation

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

The possibility of cognitive nuclear-spin processing came to Fisher in part through studies performed in the 1980s that reported a remarkable lithium isotope dependence on the behavior of mother rats. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society (CNS), cognitive neuroscientists increasingly are using those emerging artificial networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] Now researchers at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and UC Berkeley have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[444] viXra:1803.0675 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-26 06:58:13

A Survey on Reasoning on Building Information Models Based on IFC

Authors: Hassan Sleiman
Comments: 17 Pages.

Building Information Models (BIM) are computer models that act as a main source of building information and integrate several aspects of engineering and architectural design, including building utilisation. They aim at enhancing the efficiency and the effectiveness of the projects during design, construction, and maintenance. Artificial Intelligence, which is used to automate tasks that would require intelligence, has found its way into BIM by applying reasoners, among other techniques. A reasoner is a piece of software that makes the implicit and hidden knowledge as explicit by using logical inferring techniques. Reasoners are applied on BIM to help take enhanced decisions and to assess the construction projects. The importance of BIM in both construction and information technology sectors has motivated many researchers to work on surveys that attempt to provide the current state of BIM, but unfortunately, none of these surveys has focused on reasoning on BIM. In this article we survey the research proposals and toolkits that rely on using reasoning systems on BIM, and we classify them into a two-level schema based on what they are intended for. According to our survey, reasoning is mainly used for solving design problems, and is especially applied for code consistency checking, with an emphasis on the semantic web technologies. Furthermore, user-friendliness is still a gap in this field and case-based reasoning, which was often applied in the past efforts, is still hardly applied for reasoning on BIM. The survey shows that this research area is active and that the research results are progressively being integrated into commercial toolkits.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[443] viXra:1803.0652 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-26 00:17:46

AI to Understand Human Brain

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society (CNS), cognitive neuroscientists increasingly are using those emerging artificial networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images. Elizabeth Holm, professor of materials science and engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, is leveraging this technology to better understand the enormous number of research images accumulated in the field of materials science. [13] With the help of artificial intelligence, chemists from the University of Basel in Switzerland have computed the characteristics of about two million crystals made up of four chemical elements. The researchers were able to identify 90 previously unknown thermodynamically stable crystals that can be regarded as new materials. [12] The artificial intelligence system's ability to set itself up quickly every morning and compensate for any overnight fluctuations would make this fragile technology much more useful for field measurements, said co-lead researcher Dr Michael Hush from UNSW ADFA. [11]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[442] viXra:1803.0627 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-24 08:48:04

Brain-Like Computers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 29 Pages.

U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images. Elizabeth Holm, professor of materials science and engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, is leveraging this technology to better understand the enormous number of research images accumulated in the field of materials science. [13] With the help of artificial intelligence, chemists from the University of Basel in Switzerland have computed the characteristics of about two million crystals made up of four chemical elements. The researchers were able to identify 90 previously unknown thermodynamically stable crystals that can be regarded as new materials. [12] The artificial intelligence system's ability to set itself up quickly every morning and compensate for any overnight fluctuations would make this fragile technology much more useful for field measurements, said co-lead researcher Dr Michael Hush from UNSW ADFA. [11] Quantum physicist Mario Krenn and his colleagues in the group of Anton Zeilinger from the Faculty of Physics at the University of Vienna and the Austrian Academy of Sciences have developed an algorithm which designs new useful quantum experiments. As the computer does not rely on human intuition, it finds novel unfamiliar solutions. [10]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[441] viXra:1803.0089 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-07 02:50:41

Universal Forecasting Scheme : Two Methods {Version 1}

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 3 Pages.

In this research investigation, the author has detailed a novel method of forecasting.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[440] viXra:1803.0083 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-06 11:49:00

Machine Learning Guide Science

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 25 Pages.

Now researchers at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and UC Berkeley have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images. Elizabeth Holm, professor of materials science and engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, is leveraging this technology to better understand the enormous number of research images accumulated in the field of materials science. [13] With the help of artificial intelligence, chemists from the University of Basel in Switzerland have computed the characteristics of about two million crystals made up of four chemical elements. The researchers were able to identify 90 previously unknown thermodynamically stable crystals that can be regarded as new materials. [12] The artificial intelligence system's ability to set itself up quickly every morning and compensate for any overnight fluctuations would make this fragile technology much more useful for field measurements, said co-lead researcher Dr Michael Hush from UNSW ADFA. [11] Quantum physicist Mario Krenn and his colleagues in the group of Anton Zeilinger from the Faculty of Physics at the University of Vienna and the Austrian Academy of Sciences have developed an algorithm which designs new useful quantum experiments. As the computer does not rely on human intuition, it finds novel unfamiliar solutions. [10] Researchers at the University of Chicago's Institute for Molecular Engineering and the University of Konstanz have demonstrated the ability to generate a quantum logic operation, or rotation of the qubit, that - surprisingly—is intrinsically resilient to noise as well as to variations in the strength or duration of the control. Their achievement is based on a geometric concept known as the Berry phase and is implemented through entirely optical means within a single electronic spin in diamond. [9] New research demonstrates that particles at the quantum level can in fact be seen as behaving something like billiard balls rolling along a table, and not merely as the probabilistic smears that the standard interpretation of quantum mechanics suggests. But there's a catch - the tracks the particles follow do not always behave as one would expect from "realistic" trajectories, but often in a fashion that has been termed "surrealistic." [8] Quantum entanglement—which occurs when two or more particles are correlated in such a way that they can influence each other even across large distances—is not an all-or-nothing phenomenon, but occurs in various degrees. The more a quantum state is entangled with its partner, the better the states will perform in quantum information applications. Unfortunately, quantifying entanglement is a difficult process involving complex optimization problems that give even physicists headaches. [7] A trio of physicists in Europe has come up with an idea that they believe would allow a person to actually witness entanglement. Valentina Caprara Vivoli, with the University of Geneva, Pavel Sekatski, with the University of Innsbruck and Nicolas Sangouard, with the University of Basel, have together written a paper describing a scenario where a human subject would be able to witness an instance of entanglement—they have uploaded it to the arXiv server for review by others. [6] The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the relativistic quantum theory.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[439] viXra:1803.0072 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-06 03:34:57

Universal Forecasting Scheme {Version 1}

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 2 Pages.

In this research investigation, the author has detailed a novel method of forecasting.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[438] viXra:1803.0070 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-06 04:39:44

Universal Forecasting Scheme {Version 2}

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 2 Pages.

In this research investigation, the author has detailed a novel method of forecasting.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[437] viXra:1803.0069 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-06 04:45:06

Universal Forecasting Scheme {Version 3}

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 2 Pages.

In this research investigation, the author has detailed a novel method of forecasting.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[436] viXra:1803.0061 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-04 22:32:07

Cancer Detection Through Handwriting

Authors: Alaa Tarek, Shorouk Alalem, Maryam El-Fdaly, Nehal Fooda
Comments: 31 Pages.

Having a look at the medical field in the previous years and the drawbacks in it, Egypt's health level is declining year after year; due to the statistical study on the health level published by the British medical journal Lancet in 2016 Egypt ranked 124 out of 188 countries. Cancer is a major burden of disease worldwide. Each year, 10,000,000 of people are diagnosed with cancer around the world, and more than half of the patients eventually die because of it. In many countries, cancer ranks the second most common cause of death following cardiovascular diseases. With significant improvement in treatment and prevention of cardiovascular diseases, cancer has or will soon become the number one killer in many parts of the world. Nearly 90,000 people do not know they have got cancer until they arrive at Accident and Emergency wards, by that time only 36 percent will live longer than a year. So, we needed to find controlled ways to diagnose patients earlier. As no aspect of human life has escaped the impact of the information age, and perhaps in no area of life is information more critical than in health and medicine. However, computers have become available for all aspects of human endeavors. After so, we have designed a program that could detect if a person has cancer or not through your handwriting. We chose “efficiency, cost, and applicability” as the design requirements that have been tested. The program could be tested by scanning the text, searching for specific features that are related to cancer and displaying “1” or “0” according to your state. After testing the program many times, we finally reached a mean efficiency of 93.75%. So, this program saves lives, time and money.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[435] viXra:1803.0053 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-04 05:55:27

Tunnel Similar Modeling Notation and Spherical Viewpoint

Authors: Alexey Podorov
Comments: 11 Pages.

The article proposes a spherical model of perception, groups and levels of complexity, notation for modeling abstractness, complexity
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[434] viXra:1803.0023 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-01 09:41:28

AI for Safer Cities

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

Computers may better predict taxi and ride sharing service demand, paving the way toward smarter, safer and more sustainable cities, according to an international team of researchers. [29] For the first time, physicists have demonstrated that machine learning can reconstruct a quantum system based on relatively few experimental measurements. [28] AlphaZero plays very unusually; not like a human, but also not like a typical computer. Instead, it plays with "real artificial" intelligence. [27] Predictions for an AI-dominated future are increasingly common, but Antoine Blondeau has experience in reading, and arguably manipulating, the runes—he helped develop technology that evolved into predictive texting and Apple's Siri. [26] Artificial intelligence can improve health care by analyzing data from apps, smartphones and wearable technology. [25] Now, researchers at Google's DeepMind have developed a simple algorithm to handle such reasoning—and it has already beaten humans at a complex image comprehension test. [24] A marimba-playing robot with four arms and eight sticks is writing and playing its own compositions in a lab at the Georgia Institute of Technology. The pieces are generated using artificial intelligence and deep learning. [23] Now, a team of researchers at MIT and elsewhere has developed a new approach to such computations, using light instead of electricity, which they say could vastly improve the speed and efficiency of certain deep learning computations. [22] Physicists have found that the structure of certain types of quantum learning algorithms is very similar to their classical counterparts—a finding that will help scientists further develop the quantum versions. [21] We should remain optimistic that quantum computing and AI will continue to improve our lives, but we also should continue to hold companies, organizations, and governments accountable for how our private data is used, as well as the technology's impact on the environment. [20] It's man vs machine this week as Google's artificial intelligence programme AlphaGo faces the world's top-ranked Go player in a contest expected to end in another victory for rapid advances in AI. [19]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[433] viXra:1802.0364 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-26 10:27:48

AI of Quantum Systems

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

For the first time, physicists have demonstrated that machine learning can reconstruct a quantum system based on relatively few experimental measurements. [28] AlphaZero plays very unusually; not like a human, but also not like a typical computer. Instead, it plays with "real artificial" intelligence. [27] Predictions for an AI-dominated future are increasingly common, but Antoine Blondeau has experience in reading, and arguably manipulating, the runes—he helped develop technology that evolved into predictive texting and Apple's Siri. [26] Artificial intelligence can improve health care by analyzing data from apps, smartphones and wearable technology. [25] Now, researchers at Google's DeepMind have developed a simple algorithm to handle such reasoning—and it has already beaten humans at a complex image comprehension test. [24] A marimba-playing robot with four arms and eight sticks is writing and playing its own compositions in a lab at the Georgia Institute of Technology. The pieces are generated using artificial intelligence and deep learning. [23] Now, a team of researchers at MIT and elsewhere has developed a new approach to such computations, using light instead of electricity, which they say could vastly improve the speed and efficiency of certain deep learning computations. [22] Physicists have found that the structure of certain types of quantum learning algorithms is very similar to their classical counterparts—a finding that will help scientists further develop the quantum versions. [21] We should remain optimistic that quantum computing and AI will continue to improve our lives, but we also should continue to hold companies, organizations, and governments accountable for how our private data is used, as well as the technology's impact on the environment. [20] It's man vs machine this week as Google's artificial intelligence programme AlphaGo faces the world's top-ranked Go player in a contest expected to end in another victory for rapid advances in AI. [19] Google's computer programs are gaining a better understanding of the world, and now it wants them to handle more of the decision-making for the billions of people who use its services. [18]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[432] viXra:1802.0330 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-23 10:46:53

AlphaZero Just Playing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

AlphaZero plays very unusually; not like a human, but also not like a typical computer. Instead, it plays with "real artificial" intelligence. [27] Predictions for an AI-dominated future are increasingly common, but Antoine Blondeau has experience in reading, and arguably manipulating, the runes—he helped develop technology that evolved into predictive texting and Apple's Siri. [26] Artificial intelligence can improve health care by analyzing data from apps, smartphones and wearable technology. [25] Now, researchers at Google's DeepMind have developed a simple algorithm to handle such reasoning—and it has already beaten humans at a complex image comprehension test. [24] A marimba-playing robot with four arms and eight sticks is writing and playing its own compositions in a lab at the Georgia Institute of Technology. The pieces are generated using artificial intelligence and deep learning. [23] Now, a team of researchers at MIT and elsewhere has developed a new approach to such computations, using light instead of electricity, which they say could vastly improve the speed and efficiency of certain deep learning computations. [22] Physicists have found that the structure of certain types of quantum learning algorithms is very similar to their classical counterparts—a finding that will help scientists further develop the quantum versions. [21] We should remain optimistic that quantum computing and AI will continue to improve our lives, but we also should continue to hold companies, organizations, and governments accountable for how our private data is used, as well as the technology's impact on the environment. [20] It's man vs machine this week as Google's artificial intelligence programme AlphaGo faces the world's top-ranked Go player in a contest expected to end in another victory for rapid advances in AI. [19] Google's computer programs are gaining a better understanding of the world, and now it wants them to handle more of the decision-making for the billions of people who use its services. [18] Microsoft on Wednesday unveiled new tools intended to democratize artificial intelligence by enabling machine smarts to be built into software from smartphone games to factory floors. [17]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[431] viXra:1802.0087 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-08 09:33:09

A Forecasting Scheme

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 1 Page.

In this research investigation, the author has detailed a novel method of finding the next term of a given Sequence.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[430] viXra:1802.0038 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-05 05:01:24

Quantum Algorithm Help AI

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

An international team has shown that quantum computers can do one such analysis faster than classical computers for a wider array of data types than was previously expected. [35] A team of researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory has demonstrated that it is possible to use cloud-based quantum computers to conduct quantum simulations and calculations. [34] Physicists have designed a new method for transmitting big quantum data across long distances that requires far fewer resources than previous methods, bringing the implementation of long-distance big quantum data transmission closer to reality. [33] A joint China-Austria team has performed quantum key distribution between the quantum-science satellite Micius and multiple ground stations located in Xinglong (near Beijing), Nanshan (near Urumqi), and Graz (near Vienna). [32] In the race to build a computer that mimics the massive computational power of the human brain, researchers are increasingly turning to memristors, which can vary their electrical resistance based on the memory of past activity. [31] Engineers worldwide have been developing alternative ways to provide greater memory storage capacity on even smaller computer chips. Previous research into two-dimensional atomic sheets for memory storage has failed to uncover their potential—until now. [30]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[429] viXra:1802.0031 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-03 05:25:39

A Feasible Path to a Machine that Can Pass the Turing Test.

Authors: Tofara Moyo
Comments: 5 Pages.

In this paper we will outline a NLP system that is based largely in graph theory, and together with techniques found in linear algebra we will be able to model the rules of logic. Inference from given data in natural language format will then be done by creating a mapping between the premises and the conclusion. During training the vector that is responsible for taking us from the space that the premise occupies to the space that the conclusion occupies will represent the particular logical rule used.Also training involves determining a particular vector for the job.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[428] viXra:1801.0413 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-30 20:38:58

On The Subject of Thinking Machines

Authors: John Olafenwa, Moses Olafenwa
Comments: 9 Pages. An investigation of the concepts of thought, imagination and consciousness in learning machines

68 years ago, Alan Turing proposed the question "Can Machines Think" in his seminal paper [1] titled "Computing Machinery and Intelligence" and he formulated the "Imitation Game" also known as the Turing test as a way to answer this question without referring to a rather ambiguous dictionary definition of the word "Think" We have come a long way to building intelligent machines, in fact, the rate of progress in Deep Learning and Reinforcement Learning, the two corner stones of artificial intelligence, is unprecedented. Alan Turing would have been proud of our achievements in computer vision, speech, natural language processing and autonomous systems. However, there are still many challenges and we are still some distance from building machines that can pass the Turing test. In this paper, we discuss some of the biggest questions concerning intelligent machines and we attempt to answer them, as much as can be explained by modern AI.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[427] viXra:1801.0412 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-30 21:56:30

A Predictor-Corrector Method for the Training of Deep Neural Networks

Authors: Yatin Saraiya
Comments: 6 pages, 2 figures, 2 tables

The training of deep neural nets is expensive. We present a predictor-corrector method for the training of deep neural nets. It alternates a predictor pass with a corrector pass using stochastic gradient descent with backpropagation such that there is no loss in validation accuracy. No special modifications to SGD with backpropagation is required by this methodology. Our experiments showed a time improvement of 9% on the CIFAR-10 dataset.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[426] viXra:1801.0411 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-30 22:00:29

Using Accumulation to Optimize Deep Residual Neural Nets

Authors: Yatin Saraiya
Comments: 7 pages, 6 figures, 1 table

Residual Neural Networks [1] won first place in all five main tracks of the ImageNet and COCO 2015 competitions. This kind of network involves the creation of pluggable modules such that the output contains a residual from the input. The residual in that paper is the identity function. We propose to include residuals from all lower layers, suitably normalized, to create the residual. This way, all previous layers contribute equally to the output of a layer. We show that our approach is an improvement on [1] for the CIFAR-10 dataset.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[425] viXra:1801.0407 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-29 13:36:59

Artificial Intelligence Weapon

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

A country that thinks its adversaries have or will get AI weapons will want to get them too. Wide use of AI-powered cyberattacks may still be some time away. [28] Following the old saying that "knowledge is power", companies are seeking to infer increasingly intimate properties about their customers as a way to gain an edge over their competitors. [27] Researchers from Human Longevity, Inc. (HLI) have published a study in which individual faces and other physical traits were predicted using whole genome sequencing data and machine learning. [26] Artificial intelligence can improve health care by analyzing data from apps, smartphones and wearable technology. [25] Now, researchers at Google's DeepMind have developed a simple algorithm to handle such reasoning—and it has already beaten humans at a complex image comprehension test. [24] A marimba-playing robot with four arms and eight sticks is writing and playing its own compositions in a lab at the Georgia Institute of Technology. The pieces are generated using artificial intelligence and deep learning. [23] Now, a team of researchers at MIT and elsewhere has developed a new approach to such computations, using light instead of electricity, which they say could vastly improve the speed and efficiency of certain deep learning computations. [22] Physicists have found that the structure of certain types of quantum learning algorithms is very similar to their classical counterparts—a finding that will help scientists further develop the quantum versions. [21] We should remain optimistic that quantum computing and AI will continue to improve our lives, but we also should continue to hold companies, organizations, and governments accountable for how our private data is used, as well as the technology's impact on the environment. [20] It's man vs machine this week as Google's artificial intelligence programme AlphaGo faces the world's top-ranked Go player in a contest expected to end in another victory for rapid advances in AI. [19] Google's computer programs are gaining a better understanding of the world, and now it wants them to handle more of the decision-making for the billions of people who use its services. [18]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[424] viXra:1801.0367 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-27 03:06:22

Superconducting Synapse

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 26 Pages.

Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have built a superconducting switch that "learns" like a biological system and could connect processors and store memories in future computers operating like the human brain. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images. Elizabeth Holm, professor of materials science and engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, is leveraging this technology to better understand the enormous number of research images accumulated in the field of materials science. [13] With the help of artificial intelligence, chemists from the University of Basel in Switzerland have computed the characteristics of about two million crystals made up of four chemical elements. The researchers were able to identify 90 previously unknown thermodynamically stable crystals that can be regarded as new materials. [12] The artificial intelligence system's ability to set itself up quickly every morning and compensate for any overnight fluctuations would make this fragile technology much more useful for field measurements, said co-lead researcher Dr Michael Hush from UNSW ADFA. [11] Quantum physicist Mario Krenn and his colleagues in the group of Anton Zeilinger from the Faculty of Physics at the University of Vienna and the Austrian Academy of Sciences have developed an algorithm which designs new useful quantum experiments. As the computer does not rely on human intuition, it finds novel unfamiliar solutions. [10] Researchers at the University of Chicago's Institute for Molecular Engineering and the University of Konstanz have demonstrated the ability to generate a quantum logic operation, or rotation of the qubit, that - surprisingly—is intrinsically resilient to noise as well as to variations in the strength or duration of the control. Their achievement is based on a geometric concept known as the Berry phase and is implemented through entirely optical means within a single electronic spin in diamond. [9] New research demonstrates that particles at the quantum level can in fact be seen as behaving something like billiard balls rolling along a table, and not merely as the probabilistic smears that the standard interpretation of quantum mechanics suggests. But there's a catch - the tracks the particles follow do not always behave as one would expect from "realistic" trajectories, but often in a fashion that has been termed "surrealistic." [8] Quantum entanglement—which occurs when two or more particles are correlated in such a way that they can influence each other even across large distances—is not an all-or-nothing phenomenon, but occurs in various degrees. The more a quantum state is entangled with its partner, the better the states will perform in quantum information applications. Unfortunately, quantifying entanglement is a difficult process involving complex optimization problems that give even physicists headaches. [7] A trio of physicists in Europe has come up with an idea that they believe would allow a person to actually witness entanglement. Valentina Caprara Vivoli, with the University of Geneva, Pavel Sekatski, with the University of Innsbruck and Nicolas Sangouard, with the University of Basel, have together written a paper describing a scenario where a human subject would be able to witness an instance of entanglement—they have uploaded it to the arXiv server for review by others. [6] The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the relativistic quantum theory.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[423] viXra:1801.0366 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-26 05:02:58

Mathematical Model of Inventions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 27 Pages.

Researchers from Queen Mary University of London have developed a mathematical model for the emergence of innovations. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images. Elizabeth Holm, professor of materials science and engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, is leveraging this technology to better understand the enormous number of research images accumulated in the field of materials science. [13] With the help of artificial intelligence, chemists from the University of Basel in Switzerland have computed the characteristics of about two million crystals made up of four chemical elements. The researchers were able to identify 90 previously unknown thermodynamically stable crystals that can be regarded as new materials. [12] The artificial intelligence system's ability to set itself up quickly every morning and compensate for any overnight fluctuations would make this fragile technology much more useful for field measurements, said co-lead researcher Dr Michael Hush from UNSW ADFA. [11] Quantum physicist Mario Krenn and his colleagues in the group of Anton Zeilinger from the Faculty of Physics at the University of Vienna and the Austrian Academy of Sciences have developed an algorithm which designs new useful quantum experiments. As the computer does not rely on human intuition, it finds novel unfamiliar solutions. [10] Researchers at the University of Chicago's Institute for Molecular Engineering and the University of Konstanz have demonstrated the ability to generate a quantum logic operation, or rotation of the qubit, that-surprisingly—is intrinsically resilient to noise as well as to variations in the strength or duration of the control. Their achievement is based on a geometric concept known as the Berry phase and is implemented through entirely optical means within a single electronic spin in diamond. [9]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[422] viXra:1801.0363 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-26 07:55:13

Deep Learning for Gravitational Wave

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 27 Pages.

Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images. Elizabeth Holm, professor of materials science and engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, is leveraging this technology to better understand the enormous number of research images accumulated in the field of materials science. [13] With the help of artificial intelligence, chemists from the University of Basel in Switzerland have computed the characteristics of about two million crystals made up of four chemical elements. The researchers were able to identify 90 previously unknown thermodynamically stable crystals that can be regarded as new materials. [12] The artificial intelligence system's ability to set itself up quickly every morning and compensate for any overnight fluctuations would make this fragile technology much more useful for field measurements, said co-lead researcher Dr Michael Hush from UNSW ADFA. [11] Quantum physicist Mario Krenn and his colleagues in the group of Anton Zeilinger from the Faculty of Physics at the University of Vienna and the Austrian Academy of Sciences have developed an algorithm which designs new useful quantum experiments. As the computer does not rely on human intuition, it finds novel unfamiliar solutions. [10]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[421] viXra:1801.0361 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-26 09:19:57

Hyperspectral Artificial Intelligence

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 29 Pages.

VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland has developed a highly cost-efficient hyperspectral imaging technology, which enables the introduction of new artificial intelligence applications into consumer devices. [19] Scientists at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA), located at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, have pioneered the use of GPU-accelerated deep learning for rapid detection and characterization of gravitational waves. [18] Researchers from Queen Mary University of London have developed a mathematical model for the emergence of innovations. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images. Elizabeth Holm, professor of materials science and engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, is leveraging this technology to better understand the enormous number of research images accumulated in the field of materials science. [13] With the help of artificial intelligence, chemists from the University of Basel in Switzerland have computed the characteristics of about two million crystals made up of four chemical elements. The researchers were able to identify 90 previously unknown thermodynamically stable crystals that can be regarded as new materials. [12] The artificial intelligence system's ability to set itself up quickly every morning and compensate for any overnight fluctuations would make this fragile technology much more useful for field measurements, said co-lead researcher Dr Michael Hush from UNSW ADFA. [11] Quantum physicist Mario Krenn and his colleagues in the group of Anton Zeilinger from the Faculty of Physics at the University of Vienna and the Austrian Academy of Sciences have developed an algorithm which designs new useful quantum experiments. As the computer does not rely on human intuition, it finds novel unfamiliar solutions. [10] Researchers at the University of Chicago's Institute for Molecular Engineering and the University of Konstanz have demonstrated the ability to generate a quantum logic operation, or rotation of the qubit, that - surprisingly—is intrinsically resilient to noise as well as to variations in the strength or duration of the control. Their achievement is based on a geometric concept known as the Berry phase and is implemented through entirely optical means within a single electronic spin in diamond. [9] New research demonstrates that particles at the quantum level can in fact be seen as behaving something like billiard balls rolling along a table, and not merely as the probabilistic smears that the standard interpretation of quantum mechanics suggests. But there's a catch - the tracks the particles follow do not always behave as one would expect from "realistic" trajectories, but often in a fashion that has been termed "surrealistic." [8] Quantum entanglement—which occurs when two or more particles are correlated in such a way that they can influence each other even across large distances—is not an all-or-nothing phenomenon, but occurs in various degrees. The more a quantum state is entangled with its partner, the better the states will perform in quantum information applications. Unfortunately, quantifying entanglement is a difficult process involving complex optimization problems that give even physicists headaches. [7] A trio of physicists in Europe has come up with an idea that they believe would allow a person to actually witness entanglement. Valentina Caprara Vivoli, with the University of Geneva, Pavel Sekatski, with the University of Innsbruck and Nicolas Sangouard, with the University of Basel, have together written a paper describing a scenario where a human subject would be able to witness an instance of entanglement—they have uploaded it to the arXiv server for review by others. [6] The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the relativistic quantum theory.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[420] viXra:1801.0271 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-21 22:33:21

Refutation: Neutrosophic Logic by Florentin Smardanche as Generalized Intuitionistic, Fuzzy Logic © 2018 by Colin James III All Rights Reserved.

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved.

We map the neutrosophic logical values of truth, falsity, and indeterminacy on intervals "]0,1[" and "]-0,1+[" in equations for the Meth8/VL4 apparatus. We test the summation of the those values. The result is not tautologous, meaning neutrosophic logic is refuted and hence its use as a generalization of intuitionistic, fuzzy logic is likewise unworkable.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

Replacements of recent Submissions

[68] viXra:1910.0382 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-28 00:59:37

Intrusion Detection using Sequential Hybrid Model

Authors: Aditya Pandey, Abhishek Sinha, Aishwarya PS
Comments: 6 Pages.

A large amount of work has been done on the KDD 99 dataset, most of which includes the use of a hybrid anomaly and misuse detection model done in parallel with each other. In order to further classify the intrusions, our approach to network intrusion detection includes use of two different anomaly detection models followed by misuse detection applied on the combined output obtained from the previous step. The end goal of this is to verify the anomalies detected by the anomaly detection algorithm and clarify whether they are actually intrusions or random outliers from the trained normal (and thus to try and reduce the number of false positives). We aim to detect a pattern in this novel intrusion technique itself, and not the handling of such intrusions. The intrusions were detected to a very high degree of accuracy.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[67] viXra:1910.0242 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-28 08:02:52

An Empirical Study of Active Learning Strategies for Supervised Classification

Authors: Louis Desreumaux
Comments: 79 Pages.

Modern supervised learning methods are known to require large amounts of training examples to reach their full potential. Since these examples are mainly obtained through human experts who manually label samples, the labeling process may have a high cost. Active learning aims to reduce annotation cost by predicting which samples are useful for a human expert to label. Although this field is quite old, several important challenges to using active learning in real-world settings still remain unsolved. In particular, most selection strategies are hand-designed, and it has become clear that there is no best active learning strategy. This has motivated research into meta-learning algorithms for "learning how to actively learn". In this report, a comprehensive comparison of active learning strategies is presented, including a strategy learnt using reinforcement learning.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[66] viXra:1910.0122 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-10 13:39:04

Confusion in the Matrix: Going Beyond the Roc Curve

Authors: Stephen Borstelmann, Saurabh Jha
Comments: 12 Pages. Spelling corrections, improved image quality, minor additions.

Artificial intelligence algorithms are being created both investigationally and commercially. Evaluation of their performance is important for developers, investigators, clinical physicians, and regulatory agencies. No clear consensus exists on what metrics are best for algorithmic evaluation for AI and ML applications in radiology. We review the basics of the confusion matrix, continue to single number summary values such as accuracy, F1 score, and ɸ coefficient, and then discuss Receiver Operator Curves and their derivatives, Precision Recall Curves, and Cost Curves. Recommendations are made for potential future directions and what currently may be best practices in algorithmic evaluation metrics.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[65] viXra:1909.0088 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-19 04:09:56

Trimming Neural Networks

Authors: Mastane Achab, Massil Achab
Comments: 3 Pages.

We introduce a new type of artificial neural network (ANN): the trimming neural network (TNN) model. As most ANNs, a TNN is an alternating sequence of linear and nonlinear vectorial operators. Recall that in usual ANN models, nonlinear functions are independently applied on each entry of each layer. In contrast, we design TNNs' nonlinearities as functions of the whole layer: indeed, they are based on sorting all the layer's entries. In particular, we focus on the trimming operation which consists in summing all entries but a certain fraction of the smallest/largest ones. We show that TNNs enjoy convexity properties useful in various statistical learning contexts.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[64] viXra:1909.0061 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-05 18:35:57

Improved Multi-Domain Image-to-Image Translation GAN

Authors: JeongIk Cho
Comments: 9 Pages.

StarGAN, which uses three important loss (adversarial loss, classification loss, reconstruction loss), has shown impressing performance in image-to-image translation. However, StarGAN has three important hyperparameters in loss (adversarial weight, classification weight, reconstruction weight), so it takes too much time to search for optimal hyperparameters. I propose an attribute loss, improved version of conditional GAN loss, which is like having multiple GANs, and simplified reconstruction loss, which uses the generator only once, to reduce hyperparameters and improve training speed. I also suggest image framing, not to distort the background, and bi-directional progressive-growing architecture, to improve training speed.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[63] viXra:1909.0061 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-05 10:38:22

Improved Multi-Domain Image-to-Image Translation GAN

Authors: JeongIk Cho
Comments: 9 Pages.

StarGAN has shown excellent performance in image-to-image translation using adversarial, reconstruction, and classification losses in multi-domain image-to-image translation. The Style-Based Generator Architecture boosts generator performance through the Embedder and AdaIN modules. I propose an attribute loss, improved version of conditional GAN loss, which is like having multiple GANs, and improved reconstruction loss to speed up learning speed and improve image quality. And I also suggest bi-directional progressive growing generator architecture to improve learning speed.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[62] viXra:1906.0579 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-28 07:14:00

‘Supralogic’ or a Method for Predicting Stochastic Mapping Outcomes by Interpolating Their Probabilties

Authors: Adam Bourne
Comments: 3 Pages. Updated reference to point to updated source paper

In a stochastic mapping model, a method is described for interpolating un-sampled mapping probabilities given a succesive set of observed mappings. The sampled probabilities are calculated from the observed mappings. The previously described method of interpolating values in code space is used to interpolate the un-observed mapping probabilities. The outcomes for subsequent mappings can then be predicted by finding the processes with maximal interpolated probability.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[61] viXra:1906.0415 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-26 21:17:19

A Positivity-Based Approach to Delay-Dependent Stability of Systems of Second Order Equations

Authors: Alexander Domoshnitsky, Oleg Kupervasser, Hennadii Kutomanov
Comments: 6 Pages.

In this paper, new explicit tests for exponential stability of systems of second order equations are proposed. Our approach is based on nonoscillation of solutions of the corresponding diagonal scalar second order delay differential equations.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[60] viXra:1902.0464 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-14 03:23:57

Philosophically an Incompleteness Theorem Is Trivial —Towards a Truly Thinking Machine—

Authors: Atsushi Shimotani
Comments: 1 Page.

I think that an incompleteness theorem is trivial.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[59] viXra:1902.0354 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-22 07:18:16

A Set of Sets and Quantification of Logic —Towards a Truly Thinking Machine—

Authors: Atsushi Shimotani
Comments: 2 Pages.

I describe relationship between a set of sets and quantification of logic. And I show a thesis which is essentially identical to an axiom of first order logic. Logic which is given in this paper is extension of propositional logic.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[58] viXra:1902.0245 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-10 07:46:08

Before We Can Find a Model, We Must Forget About Perfection

Authors: Dimiter Dobrev
Comments: 32 Pages. Bulgarian language

In Reinforcement Learning we assume that a model of the world exists. We assume that this model is perfect (that is, it describes the world completely and unambiguously). In this article we will show that it makes no sense to look for the perfect model, because this model is too complex and practically cannot be found. We will show that we must forget about perfection and look for event-driven models instead. These models are a generalization of the Markov decision process (MDP) models. This generalization is very important, because without it nothing can be found. Instead of one perfect MDP model, we will be looking for a large number of simple event-driven models, each of which describes some simple dependency or property. That is, we will replace the search for one complicated perfect model with the search for a large number of simple models.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[57] viXra:1902.0220 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-22 03:27:14

Comments on the Book "Architects of Intelligence" by Martin Ford in the Light of the SP Theory of Intelligence

Authors: J Gerard Wolff
Comments: 53 Pages.

The book "Architects of Intelligence" by Martin Ford presents conversations about AI between the author and influential researchers. Issues considered in the book are described in relation to features of the "SP System", meaning the "SP Theory of Intelligence" and its realisation in the "SP Computer Model", both outlined in an appendix. The SP System has the potential to solve most of the problems in AI described in the book, and some others. Strengths and potential of the SP System, which in many cases contrast with weaknesses of deep neural networks (DNNs), include the following: a top-down research strategy has yielded a system with a favourable combination of conceptual "Simplicity" with descriptive or explanatory "Power"; the SP System has strengths and potential with both symbolic and non-symbolic kinds of knowledge and processing; the system has strengths and long-term potential in pattern recognition; it is free of the tendency of DNNs to make large and unexpected errors in recognition; the system has strengths and potential in unsupervised learning, including grammatical inference; the SP Theory of Intelligence provides a theoretically coherent basis for generalisation and the avoidance of under- or over-generalisations; that theory of generalisation may help improve the safety of driverless; the SP system, unlike DNNs, can achieve learning from a single occurrence or experience; it has relatively tiny demands for computational resources and volumes of data, with potential for much higher speeds in learning; the system, unlike most DNNs, has strengths in transfer learning; unlike DNNs, it provides transparency in the representation of knowledge and an audit trail for all its processing; the system has strengths and potential in the processing of natural language; it exhibits several different kinds of probabilistic reasoning; the system has strengths and potential in commonsense reasoning and the representation of commonsense knowledge; other strengths include information compression, biological validity, scope for adaptation, and freedom from catastrophic forgetting. Despite the importance of motivations and emotions, no attempt has been made in the SP research to investigate these areas.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[56] viXra:1901.0063 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-20 22:17:30

Autopilot to Maintain Movement of a Drone in a Vertical Plane at a Constant Height in the Presence of Vision-Based Navigation

Authors: Shiran Avasker, Alexander Domoshnitsky, Max Kogan, Oleg Kupervaser, Hennadii Kutomanov, Yonatan Rofsov, Irina Volinsky, Roman Yavich
Comments: 18 Pages.

The main finding this paper is nontrivial and implicit possibility to use well developed mathematical theory of differential equations with delays for solving actual engineering problem of a drone autonomous flight. In this paper we describe correct operation of autopilot for supply correct drone flight. There exists noticeable delay in getting information about position and orientation of a drone to autopilot in the presence of vision-based navigation. In spite of this fact, we demonstrate that it is possible to provide stable flight at a constant height in a vertical plane. We describe how to form relevant controlling signal for autopilot in the case of the navigation information delay and provide control parameters for particular case of flight.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[55] viXra:1901.0051 [pdf] replaced on 2019-06-04 11:35:00

Commonsense Reasoning, Commonsense Knowledge, and the SP Theory of Intelligence

Authors: J G Wolff
Comments: 73 Pages.

Commonsense reasoning (CSR) and commonsense knowledge (CSK) (together abbreviated as CSRK) are areas of study concerned with problems which are trivially easy for adults but which are challenging for artificial systems. This paper describes how the "SP System" -- meaning the "SP Theory of Intelligence" and its realisation in the "SP Computer Model" -- has strengths and potential in several aspects of CSRK. A particular strength of the SP System is that it shows promise as an overarching theory for four areas of relative success with CSRK problems -- described by other authors -- which have been developed without any integrative theory. How the SP System may help to solve four other kinds of CSRK problem is described: 1) how the strength of evidence for a murder may be influenced by the level of lighting of the murder as it was witnessed; 2) how people may arrive at the commonly-accepted interpretation of phrases like ``water bird’’; 3) interpretation of the horse's head scene in ``The Godfather’’ film; and 4) how the SP System may help to resolve the reference of an ambiguous pronoun in sentences in the format of a `Winograd schema’. Also described is why a fifth CSRK problem -- modelling how a cook may crack an egg into a bowl -- is beyond the capabilities of the SP System as it is now and how those deficiencies may be overcome via planned developments of the system.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[54] viXra:1901.0051 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-17 11:06:55

Commonsense Reasoning, Commonsense Knowledge, and the SP Theory of Intelligence

Authors: J Gerard Wolff
Comments: 66 Pages.

Commonsense reasoning (CSR) and commonsense knowledge (CSK) (together abbreviated as CSRK) are areas of study concerned with problems which are trivially easy for adults but which are challenging for artificial systems. This paper describes how the "SP System" -- meaning the "SP Theory of Intelligence" and its realisation in the "SP Computer Model" -- has strengths and potential in several aspects of CSRK. Some shortcomings of the system in that area may be overcome with planned future developments. A particular strength of the SP System is that it shows promise as an overarching theory for four areas of relative success with CSRK problems -- described by other authors -- which have been developed without any integrative theory. How the SP System may help to solve four other kinds of CSRK problem is described: 1) how the strength of evidence for a murder may be influenced by the level of lighting of the murder as it was witnessed; 2) how people may arrive at the commonly-accepted interpretation of phrases like "water bird"; 3) the interpretation of the horse's head scene in "The Godfather" film; and how the SP System may help to resolve the reference of an ambiguous pronoun in sentences in the format of a 'Winograd schema'. Also described is why a fifth CSRK problem -- modelling how a chef may crack an egg into a bowl -- is beyond the capabilities of the SP System as it is now and how those deficiencies may be overcome via planned developments of the system.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[53] viXra:1811.0085 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-13 05:26:05

Event-Driven Models

Authors: Dimiter Dobrev
Comments: 25 Pages.

In Reinforcement Learning we look for meaning in the flow of input/output information. If we do not find meaning, the information flow is not more than noise to us. Before we are able to find meaning, we should first learn how to discover and identify objects. What is an object? In this article we will demonstrate that an object is an event-driven model. These models are a generalization of action-driven models. In Markov Decision Process we have an action-driven model which changes its state at each step. The advantage of event-driven models is their greater sustainability as they change their states only upon the occurrence of particular events. These events may occur very rarely, therefore the state of the event-driven model is much more predictable.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[52] viXra:1809.0364 [pdf] replaced on 2018-09-28 10:07:11

Idealistic Neural Networks

Authors: Tofara Moyo
Comments: 2 Pages.

I describe an Artificial Neural Network, where we have mapped words to individual neurons instead of having them as variables to be fed into a network. The process of changing training cases will be equivalent to a Dropout procedure where we replace some (or all) of the words/neurons in the previous training case with new ones. Each neuron/word then takes in as input, all the b weights of the other neurons, and weights them all with its personal a weight. To learn this network uses the backpropagation algorithm after calculating an error from the output of an output neuron that will be a traditional neuron. This network then has a unique topology and functions with no inputs. We will use coordinate gradient decent to learn where we alternate between training the a weights of the words and the b weights. The Idealistic Neural Network, is an extremely shallow network that can represent non-linearity complexity in a linear outfit.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[51] viXra:1809.0190 [pdf] replaced on 2018-09-11 13:51:22

Thoughts About Thinking

Authors: Lev I. Verkhovsky
Comments: 12 Pages. The article in Russian

A geometric model illustrating the basic mechanisms of thinking -- logical and intuitive -- is proposed. The thinking of man and the problems of creating artificial intelligence are discussed. Although the article was published in the Russian popular science journal «Chemistry and Life» in 1989 No. 7, according to the author, it is not obsolete. In Russian.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[50] viXra:1808.0589 [pdf] replaced on 2018-09-17 09:47:30

Minimal and Maximal Models in Reinforcement Learning

Authors: Dimiter Dobrev
Comments: 11 Pages.

Each test gives us one property which we will denote as test result. The extension of that property we will denote as the test property. This raises the question about the nature of that property. Can it be a property of the state of the world? The answer is both yes and no. For a random model of the world the answer is negative, but if we look at the maximal model of the world the answer would flip to positive. There can be various models of the world. The minimal model knows about the past and the future the indispensable minimum. Conversely, in the maximal model the world knows everything about the past and the future. If you threw a dice the maximal model would know which side will fall up and would even know what you will do. For example, it would know whether you will throw the dice at all.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[49] viXra:1805.0214 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-31 04:56:00

AI Should Not Be an Open Source Project

Authors: Dimiter Dobrev
Comments: 9 Pages.

Who should own the Artificial Intelligence technology? It should belong to everyone, properly said not the technology per se, but the fruits that can be reaped from it. Obviously, we should not let AI end up in the hands of irresponsible persons. Likewise, nuclear technology should benefit all, however it should be kept secret and inaccessible by the public at large.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[48] viXra:1805.0089 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-25 05:20:33

Group Sparse Recovery in Impulsive Noise Via Alternating Direction Method of Multipliers

Authors: Jianwen Huang, Feng Zhang, Jianjun Wang, Wendong Wang
Comments: 35 Pages.

In this paper, we consider the recovery of group sparse signals corrupted by impulsive noise. In some recent literature, researchers have utilized stable data fitting models, like $l_1$-norm, Huber penalty function and Lorentzian-norm, to substitute the $l_2$-norm data fidelity model to obtain more robust performance. In this paper, a stable model is developed, which exploits the generalized $l_p$-norm as the measure for the error for sparse reconstruction. In order to address this model, we propose an efficient alternative direction method of multipliers, which includes the proximity operator of $l_p$-norm functions to the framework of Lagrangian methods. Besides, to guarantee the convergence of the algorithm in the case of $0\leq p<1$ (nonconvex case), we took advantage of a smoothing strategy. For both $0\leq p<1$ (nonconvex case) and $1\leq p\leq2$ (convex case), we have derived the conditions of the convergence for the proposed algorithm. Moreover, under the block restricted isometry property with constant $\delta_{\tau k_0}<\tau/(4-\tau)$ for $0<\tau<4/3$ and $\delta_{\tau k_0}<\sqrt{(\tau-1)/\tau}$ for $\tau\geq4/3$, a sharp sufficient condition for group sparse recovery in the presence of impulsive noise and its associated error upper bound estimation are established. Numerical results based on the synthetic block sparse signals and the real-world FECG signals demonstrate the effectiveness and robustness of new algorithm in highly impulsive noise.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[47] viXra:1801.0271 [pdf] replaced on 2018-01-22 21:08:14

Refutation: Neutrosophic Logic by Florentin Smarandache as Generalized Intuitionistic, Fuzzy Logic © 2018 by Colin James III All Rights Reserved.

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved.

We map the neutrosophic logical values of truth, falsity, and indeterminacy on intervals "]0,1[" and "]-0,1+[" in equations for the Meth8/VL4 apparatus. We test the summation of the those values. The result is not tautologous, meaning neutrosophic logic is refuted and hence its use as a generalization of intuitionistic, fuzzy logic is likewise unworkable.
Category: Artificial Intelligence