Physics of Biology

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[133] viXra:1608.0359 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-26 07:40:35

Cortical Conscious Network

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

New research published in the New Journal of Physics tries to decompose the structural layers of the cortical network to different hierarchies enabling to identify the network's nucleus, from which our consciousness could emerge. [21] Where in your brain do you exist? Is your awareness of the world around you and of yourself as an individual the result of specific, focused changes in your brain, or does that awareness come from a broad network of neural activity? How does your brain produce awareness? [20] In the future, level-tuned neurons may help enable neuromorphic computing systems to perform tasks that traditional computers cannot, such as learning from their environment, pattern recognition, and knowledge extraction from big data sources. [19] IBM scientists have created randomly spiking neurons using phase-change materials to store and process data. This demonstration marks a significant step forward in the development of energy-efficient, ultra-dense integrated neuromorphic technologies for applications in cognitive computing. [18] An ion trap with four segmented blade electrodes used to trap a linear chain of atomic ions for quantum information processing. Each ion is addressed optically for individual control and readout using the high optical access of the trap. [17] To date, researchers have realised qubits in the form of individual electrons (aktuell.ruhr-uni-bochum.de/pm2012/pm00090.html.en). However, this led to interferences and rendered the information carriers difficult to programme and read. The group has solved this problem by utilising electron holes as qubits, rather than electrons. [16] Physicists from MIPT and the Russian Quantum Center have developed an easier method to create a universal quantum computer using multilevel quantum systems (qudits), each one of which is able to work with multiple "conventional" quantum elements – qubits. [15] Precise atom implants in silicon provide a first step toward practical quantum computers. [14] A method to produce significant amounts of semiconducting nanoparticles for light-emitting displays, sensors, solar panels and biomedical applications has gained momentum with a demonstration by researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory. [13] A source of single photons that meets three important criteria for use in quantum-information systems has been unveiled in China by an international team of physicists. Based on a quantum dot, the device is an efficient source of photons that emerge as solo particles that are indistinguishable from each other. The researchers are now trying to use the source to create a quantum computer based on "boson sampling". [11] With the help of a semiconductor quantum dot, physicists at the University of Basel have developed a new type of light source that emits single photons. For the first time, the researchers have managed to create a stream of identical photons. [10] Optical photons would be ideal carriers to transfer quantum information over large distances. Researchers envisage a network where information is processed in certain nodes and transferred between them via photons. [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Physics of Biology

[132] viXra:1608.0357 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-26 07:11:36

Network Theory of Consciousness

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

Where in your brain do you exist? Is your awareness of the world around you and of yourself as an individual the result of specific, focused changes in your brain, or does that awareness come from a broad network of neural activity? How does your brain produce awareness? [20] In the future, level-tuned neurons may help enable neuromorphic computing systems to perform tasks that traditional computers cannot, such as learning from their environment, pattern recognition, and knowledge extraction from big data sources. [19] IBM scientists have created randomly spiking neurons using phase-change materials to store and process data. This demonstration marks a significant step forward in the development of energy-efficient, ultra-dense integrated neuromorphic technologies for applications in cognitive computing. [18] An ion trap with four segmented blade electrodes used to trap a linear chain of atomic ions for quantum information processing. Each ion is addressed optically for individual control and readout using the high optical access of the trap. [17] To date, researchers have realised qubits in the form of individual electrons (aktuell.ruhr-uni-bochum.de/pm2012/pm00090.html.en). However, this led to interferences and rendered the information carriers difficult to programme and read. The group has solved this problem by utilising electron holes as qubits, rather than electrons. [16] Physicists from MIPT and the Russian Quantum Center have developed an easier method to create a universal quantum computer using multilevel quantum systems (qudits), each one of which is able to work with multiple "conventional" quantum elements – qubits. [15] Precise atom implants in silicon provide a first step toward practical quantum computers. [14] A method to produce significant amounts of semiconducting nanoparticles for light-emitting displays, sensors, solar panels and biomedical applications has gained momentum with a demonstration by researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory. [13] A source of single photons that meets three important criteria for use in quantum-information systems has been unveiled in China by an international team of physicists. Based on a quantum dot, the device is an efficient source of photons that emerge as solo particles that are indistinguishable from each other. The researchers are now trying to use the source to create a quantum computer based on "boson sampling". [11] With the help of a semiconductor quantum dot, physicists at the University of Basel have developed a new type of light source that emits single photons. For the first time, the researchers have managed to create a stream of identical photons. [10] Optical photons would be ideal carriers to transfer quantum information over large distances. Researchers envisage a network where information is processed in certain nodes and transferred between them via photons. [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Physics of Biology

[131] viXra:1608.0071 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-07 08:19:01

"Patch" for DNA

Authors: Mark M. Grinshtein
Comments: 5 Pages.

The article reviewed a technique of diagnosing and treating gene viral diseases by way of identification and subsequent recovery (repair) of abnormal chromosomes.
Category: Physics of Biology

[130] viXra:1608.0070 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-07 08:30:00

Why Humans Become Old

Authors: Mark M. Grinshtein
Comments: 5 Pages.

The article considers the telomere theory which authors were awarded the Nobel Prize in 2009. The aging process is explained from the point of view of Information-Wave Medicine (IWM). The aging program is shown to be a multi-level genetic structure controlled by the body’s internal biological clock.
Category: Physics of Biology

[129] viXra:1608.0061 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-06 04:35:50

IBM Detect Cancer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 27 Pages.

IBM scientists have developed a new lab-on-a-chip technology that can, for the first time, separate biological particles at the nanoscale and could enable physicians to detect diseases such as cancer before symptoms appear. [14] Scientists work toward storing digital information in DNA. [13] Leiden theoretical physicists have proven that DNA mechanics, in addition to genetic information in DNA, determines who we are. Helmut Schiessel and his group simulated many DNA sequences and found a correlation between mechanical cues and the way DNA is folded. They have published their results in PLoS One. [12] We model the electron clouds of nucleic acids in DNA as a chain of coupled quantum harmonic oscillators with dipole-dipole interaction between nearest neighbours resulting in a van der Waals type bonding. [11] Scientists have discovered a secret second code hiding within DNA which instructs cells on how genes are controlled. The amazing discovery is expected to open new doors to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, according to a new study. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[128] viXra:1608.0022 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-02 11:37:25

Nano Drug Delivery Systems

Authors: A.S.Bhattacharyya, P.Prabhakar
Comments: 03 Pages. Working Paper

A study of polymer erosion rate during drug delivery.
Category: Physics of Biology

[127] viXra:1607.0452 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-24 13:57:58

Storing Digital Information in DNA

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 25 Pages.

Scientists work toward storing digital information in DNA. [13] Leiden theoretical physicists have proven that DNA mechanics, in addition to genetic information in DNA, determines who we are. Helmut Schiessel and his group simulated many DNA sequences and found a correlation between mechanical cues and the way DNA is folded. They have published their results in PLoS One. [12] We model the electron clouds of nucleic acids in DNA as a chain of coupled quantum harmonic oscillators with dipole-dipole interaction between nearest neighbours resulting in a van der Waals type bonding. [11] Scientists have discovered a secret second code hiding within DNA which instructs cells on how genes are controlled. The amazing discovery is expected to open new doors to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, according to a new study. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[126] viXra:1607.0451 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-24 10:23:11

DNA Information Layers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 21 Pages.

Leiden theoretical physicists have proven that DNA mechanics, in addition to genetic information in DNA, determines who we are. Helmut Schiessel and his group simulated many DNA sequences and found a correlation between mechanical cues and the way DNA is folded. They have published their results in PLoS One. [12] We model the electron clouds of nucleic acids in DNA as a chain of coupled quantum harmonic oscillators with dipole-dipole interaction between nearest neighbours resulting in a van der Waals type bonding. [11] Scientists have discovered a secret second code hiding within DNA which instructs cells on how genes are controlled. The amazing discovery is expected to open new doors to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, according to a new study. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[125] viXra:1607.0190 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-16 03:02:02

Magnetic Field of Nervous System

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 13 Pages.

The human body is controlled by electrical impulses in, for example, the brain, the heart and nervous system. These electrical signals create tiny magnetic fields, which doctors could use to diagnose various diseases, for example diseases of the brain or heart problems in young foetuses. Researchers from the Niels Bohr Institute have now succeeded in developing a method for extremely precise measurements of such ultra-small magnetic fields with an optical magnetic field sensor. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[124] viXra:1607.0098 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-08 05:33:10

Some Observations on Dynamical Modeling of Electrical Impedance Implemented to Human Skin

Authors: Z. Vosika A. Vasić, G. Lazović, L. Matija
Comments: 14 Pages.

Bio-electrical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) electrical signals of low power of human tissue, relatively low frequencies (up to 1 MHz), as well as non-invasive method is important to distinguish the physiological state of organisms. Modelling of electrical properties of human skin in the standard laboratory conditions is an open theoretical, practical and clinical problem. The purpose of this study is twofold: 1) The analysis and decision on possible options under the new biophysical models of its electric characteristics, based on discrete-continuous model of frequency scaling; 2) From the literature known concept of frequency dependent negative dynamic electrical resistanceas used in the case of high frequency , bringing the total mpproach to modeling material.To measure bioimpendanse of the human skin was used instrument 1255 Frequency Response Analyser in combination with Solartron 1286 Pstat/Gstat, wodel considerably improves. Both objectives have in common that they stem from a dynamic aith suitable additional equipment. Due to the inadequacy of the software package ZView® for Windows in this case, for fitting data was used Levmar. Both packages are based on the Levenberg-Marquardt's nonlinear least squares algorithm. Mathematical and biophysical model presented as a unified continuous-discrete Cole - equation for impedance of the material. Measurements were done on human skin of the forearm, as the test system. The applied voltage is, inerval of the source fequency is and electrode diameters are 0.25 cm and 2 cm. In the paper shows that the standard continuous two- and three-component model of Cole bioimendanse human skin is fitted better than their discretized version, in all scales, for all the selected frequency steps. Assuming a negative value of active high-frequency electrical resistance, we have improved fit of the continuum model as compared to the previous continuous model about 10%.For here introduced the dynamic properties of the model, it is necessary to carry out as many new bio-medical and clinical analysis of different tissues.
Category: Physics of Biology

[123] viXra:1606.0322 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-28 22:14:25

Anxiety Emotion Affects Health in View of System Science

Authors: Feng Lin
Comments: 8 Pages. Study the bio-system in view of system science and physics

In this paper we discussed the affect of anxiety emotion in view of system science. With the help of limit cycle model and non-equilibrium thermodynamics, it shows that the affect caused by anxiety emotion is different from person to person. Using synthesis and metabolism frequency as the basis to category the affects, we found that the affect will cause some kind of population over weighted while some kind of population will become thinner and thinner. This depends on whether synthesis and metabolism frequency decreases or increases. We gave some suggestion about getting rid of the affect caused by such kind of emotion according to different kind of population.
Category: Physics of Biology

[122] viXra:1606.0239 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-21 23:26:12

Life, Sense and the Role of Information in Evolution

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 12 Pages.

The present work purports to the design, implementation, discussion and implications of a Sense Enhanced Game of Life (SEGoL), which is essentially the original GoL, the most popular cellular automaton discovered. To achieve this, two grids, namely the Life Grid L and the Sense Grid S are defined, with L taking one of two values (alive or dead) and S taking one of three values (touch, sight and sound), and the value in a particular grid affecting neighborhood perceptibility as well as survival in the corresponding grid. Evolutionary patterns are studied for various rules, coupled with the entropy values and survival rates. It is seen that the proposed Sense Enhanced Game of Life (SEGoL), essentially adapting Conway’s original Game of Life Rules, scaled for larger neighborhoods, and for enhanced perceptibility, displays a diverse range of interesting evolutionary dynamics, while also retaining the original features of the original Game of Life including the still-life and oscillating elements for the pure touch case. It is seen that if the conditions and neighborhood rules are conducive to retention of certain senses, the system is capable of effectively organizing its sense distributions and enhancing its perception, resulting in higher survival rates and sustaining life, and this gives an insight into higher evolved organisms of the planet, such as human beings.
Category: Physics of Biology

[121] viXra:1605.0200 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-19 09:22:16

New Antibiotics

Authors: Domenico Oricchio
Comments: 1 Page.

I theorize a new method to create antibiotics using genetically modified organism
Category: Physics of Biology

[120] viXra:1605.0198 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-19 05:04:10

Hypotheses on Malaria Treatment

Authors: Domenico Oricchio
Comments: 1 Page.

Mouse population in malaria-infected areas may contain antibodies, or antibiotics, and genetic sequencing could provide a cure
Category: Physics of Biology

[119] viXra:1605.0081 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-08 13:47:14

First life

Authors: Domenico Oricchio
Comments: 1 Page.

Some hypotheses on the origin of life on earth
Category: Physics of Biology

[118] viXra:1605.0077 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-07 14:20:51

Epstein Barr Virus the Cause of Multiple Sclerosis

Authors: Katarina Barukčić, Ilija Barukčić
Comments: 13 Pages. C) Katarina Barukčić, Sofia, Bulgaria and Ilija Barukčić, Jever, Germany, 2016. PUBLISHED BY: Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics, 4, 1042-1053. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jamp.2016.46109

Although many studies have found a kind of a relationship between an Epstein–Barr virus (EBV) and the development of multiple sclerosis (MS), a fundamental aspect of this relationship remain uncertain. What is the cause of multiple sclerosis (MS)? In this study, we re-analysed the data as published by Wandinger et al. and were able to establish the new insight that without an Ep-stein–Barr virus (EBV) infection no development of multiple sclerosis (MS) is possible. Furthermore, we determined a highly significant causal relationship between Epstein–Barr virus (EBV) and multiple sclerosis. Altogether, Epstein–Barr virus (EBV) is the cause of multiple sclerosis (p-value 0,0004251570).
Category: Physics of Biology

[117] viXra:1605.0076 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-07 09:23:19

A Genetic Cure for the Cancer

Authors: Domenico Oricchio
Comments: 1 Page.

I hypothesize a common cure for genetic diseases and cancer
Category: Physics of Biology

[116] viXra:1604.0384 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-29 21:50:35

The Principle of Biostellar Evolution

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

A new principle of science is presented to connect biology with astronomy.
Category: Physics of Biology

[115] viXra:1604.0319 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-23 08:38:36

Producing, Crystallizing Biomolecules

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 22 Pages.

A new center has been established on campus to help researchers probe the structure of biological molecules. Housed in the basement of the Shriram Center, the Macromolecular Structure Knowledge Center contains equipment and resources for producing and crystallizing biological molecules. [11] When cryoEM images are obtained from protein nanocrystals the images themselves can appear to be devoid of any contrast. A group of scientists from the Netherlands have now demonstrated that lattice information can be revealed and enhanced by a specialized filter. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[114] viXra:1604.0312 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-22 18:12:38

Alleles Dynamics

Authors: Domenico Oricchio
Comments: 1 Page.

I write the alleles dynamics far from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium
Category: Physics of Biology

[113] viXra:1604.0005 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-01 09:52:34

Brain Processes Emotions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 21 Pages.

A new study reveals how two populations of neurons in the brain contribute to the brain's inability to correctly assign emotional associations to events. Learning how this information is routed and misrouted could shed light on mental illnesses including depression, addiction, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder. [11] In dynamic neuronal networks, pervasive oscillatory activity is usually explained by pointing to pacemaking elements that synchronize and drive the network. Recently, however, scientists at The Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel studied synchronized periodic bursting that emerged spontaneously in a network of in vitro rat hippocampus and cortex neurons, finding that roughly 60% of all active neurons were self-sustained oscillators when disconnected from the network – and that each neuron oscillated at its own frequency, which is controlled by the neuron's excitability. [10] Most biology students will be able to tell you that neural signals are sent via mechanisms such as synaptic transmission, gap junctions, and diffusion processes, but a new study suggests there's another way that our brains transmit information from one place to another. [9] Physicists are expected to play a vital role in this research, and already have an impressive record of developing new tools for neuroscience. From two-photon microscopy to magneto-encephalography, we can now record activity from individual synapses to entire brains in unprecedented detail. But physicists can do more than simply provide tools for data collection. [8] Discovery of quantum vibrations in 'microtubules' inside brain neurons supports controversial theory of consciousness. The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[112] viXra:1603.0417 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-31 09:42:50

Hippocampal and Cortical Neurons Oscillate

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 19 Pages.

In dynamic neuronal networks, pervasive oscillatory activity is usually explained by pointing to pacemaking elements that synchronize and drive the network. Recently, however, scientists at The Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel studied synchronized periodic bursting that emerged spontaneously in a network of in vitro rat hippocampus and cortex neurons, finding that roughly 60% of all active neurons were self-sustained oscillators when disconnected from the network – and that each neuron oscillated at its own frequency, which is controlled by the neuron's excitability. [10] Most biology students will be able to tell you that neural signals are sent via mechanisms such as synaptic transmission, gap junctions, and diffusion processes, but a new study suggests there's another way that our brains transmit information from one place to another. [9] Physicists are expected to play a vital role in this research, and already have an impressive record of developing new tools for neuroscience. From two-photon microscopy to magneto-encephalography, we can now record activity from individual synapses to entire brains in unprecedented detail. But physicists can do more than simply provide tools for data collection. [8] Discovery of quantum vibrations in 'microtubules' inside brain neurons supports controversial theory of consciousness. The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[111] viXra:1603.0407 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-30 11:09:18

Antimatter and Antimemories

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 16 Pages.

One the most intriguing physics discoveries of the last century was the existence of antimatter, material that exists as the "mirror image" of subatomic particles of matter, such as electrons, protons and quarks, but with the opposite charge. Antimatter deepened our understanding of our universe and the laws of physics, and now the same idea is being proposed to explain something equally mysterious: memory. [10] Most biology students will be able to tell you that neural signals are sent via mechanisms such as synaptic transmission, gap junctions, and diffusion processes, but a new study suggests there's another way that our brains transmit information from one place to another. [9] Physicists are expected to play a vital role in this research, and already have an impressive record of developing new tools for neuroscience. From two-photon microscopy to magneto-encephalography, we can now record activity from individual synapses to entire brains in unprecedented detail. But physicists can do more than simply provide tools for data collection. [8] Discovery of quantum vibrations in 'microtubules' inside brain neurons supports controversial theory of consciousness. The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[110] viXra:1603.0230 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-15 22:29:34

A Few Comments on Montagnier and Gariaev’s Work: Omne Vivum ex Vivo Via Crebritudo?

Authors: Victor Christianto, Yunita Umniyati
Comments: 5 Pages. This paper has been submitted to IFSL (www.scipress.com). Your comments are welcome

In a series of papers, Luc Montagnier and his group reported various effects of electromagnetic fields to DNA. It has been shown that genetic information can be transmitted to water through applications of electromagnetic field. These experiments seem to confirm what have been done by Peter Gariaev and his group in the past 3 decades, i.e. that DNA has wave character. Of course, non-particle view of DNA challenges standard paradigm of DNA and biology. The purpose of this paper is to review shortly such a non-particle view of DNA. To conclude, then we consider an extension of known adage: “Omne vivum ex vivo”, to become “Omne vivum ex vivo via crebritudo” (crebritudo is the Latin word for “frequency”).
Category: Physics of Biology

[109] viXra:1603.0043 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-04 01:04:37

Once Again on the Eqilibrium Stability of a Man

Authors: Karlo Moistsrapishvili
Comments: 8 Pages.

The given paper studies conditions of the equilibrium stability of a cylinder – shaped homogeneous body. Thus, conditions of the equilibrium stability of different proportion upright standing men were studied. A new method allowing determination of a man’s common center of gravity was developed. An optimal bending forward angle at which the degree of the equilibrium stability of an upright standing man reaches its maximum value was determined. Hence, the appropriate conclusions were drawn.
Category: Physics of Biology

[108] viXra:1602.0132 [pdf] submitted on 2016-02-11 22:21:28

The Truth About Evolution

Authors: Jonathan Tooker
Comments: 13 Pages. 3 figures, 2 tables

The purpose of this report is to debunk Darwin's theory of evolution and any variant theory that relies on the natural rate of mutation to explain the origin of new genes. We construct a model of DNA and show that the minimum rate of mutation needed to produce humans within the geological age of the Earth is too high. It is much higher than any realistic model of random mutations. The calculation presented here should end the evolution debate, at least in its Darwinian limit. Other problems with evolution are discussed.
Category: Physics of Biology

[107] viXra:1601.0254 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-23 10:03:49

Teleporting Memory of Living Creature

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 16 Pages.

For the first time, physicists have proposed a method for teleporting the memory of a living creature to another location, while also offering up a way to create a Schrödinger's cat-like state, where this creature theoretically exists in two places at the same time. At this stage, they’ve only figured out how to do this to bacteria, but they say mastering it could be the key to teleporting more complex things. [10] Most biology students will be able to tell you that neural signals are sent via mechanisms such as synaptic transmission, gap junctions, and diffusion processes, but a new study suggests there's another way that our brains transmit information from one place to another. [9] Physicists are expected to play a vital role in this research, and already have an impressive record of developing new tools for neuroscience. From two-photon microscopy to magneto-encephalography, we can now record activity from individual synapses to entire brains in unprecedented detail. But physicists can do more than simply provide tools for data collection. [8] Discovery of quantum vibrations in 'microtubules' inside brain neurons supports controversial theory of consciousness. The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[106] viXra:1601.0236 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-22 04:01:41

Photographs of Protein Nanocrystals

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 20 Pages.

When cryoEM images are obtained from protein nanocrystals the images themselves can appear to be devoid of any contrast. A group of scientists from the Netherlands have now demonstrated that lattice information can be revealed and enhanced by a specialized filter. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[105] viXra:1601.0205 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-18 13:25:43

Algorithm of Cell Reprogramming

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 21 Pages.

An international team of researchers from the Duke-NUS Medical School (Duke-NUS), the University of Bristol, Monash University and RIKEN have developed an algorithm that can predict the factors required to convert one human cell type to another. These game-changing findings, recently published online on 18 January 2016 in the journal Nature Genetics, have significant implications for regenerative medicine and lay the groundwork for further research into cell reprogramming. [11] Scientists have discovered a secret second code hiding within DNA which instructs cells on how genes are controlled. The amazing discovery is expected to open new doors to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, according to a new study. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[104] viXra:1601.0199 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-18 06:58:37

Detecting the Detector: Significant Examples

Authors: Colin Bruce Jack
Comments: 6 Pages.

This paper adds supplementary information to my previous papers on Detecting The Detector and should be read in conjunction with them. It lists potentially widespread categories of use of a detector-detecting sense, including some which may be ecologically or scientifically important. Candidates described are: - The Histioteuthidae family, common name cockeyed squid - Chameleons - Members of the tarantula family which have convergently evolved a blue coloration of specific wavelength - Fish and other marine animals which use counterillumination generally assumed to be for concealment, yet actually emit light from a pattern of discrete spots, which is not optimum for concealment but could be optimum for retroreflector-detection - Some of the very wide range of animals which have light-detecting opsins distributed over their body surface. Especially in conjunction with the ability to vary the intensity or other properties of light reflected or emitted from the local body surface, this could enable omnidirectional detection of animals hiding in shadow: large-eyed predators at medium range, or small-eyed prey at close range. Also potentially relevant to the widespread importance of a retroreflector-detecting sense is the existence of animals with pupils which do not have circular symmetry. This may be evidence of an ‘arms race’: how you do evolve an effective eye which minimizes its own detectability by retroreflection?
Category: Physics of Biology

[103] viXra:1601.0163 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-14 18:14:50

The Origin of Life

Authors: PV Raktoe
Comments: 3 Pages.

The origin of life remains a mystery and mankind will always wonder if we are alone in the universe. We can see the universe beyond our solar system but we will never reach the nearest star, so we will never see an alien life form. But this I do know, the universe has the same structure and properties as something on Earth. The universe is like a quantum ocean, it’s filled with quantum particles, quantum whirlpools and turbulent quantum streams and therefore it looks like the oceans on Earth. I explained why in my Vixra paper 1508.0191, that paper describes the origin of gravity. Gravity also tells us something about the different kinds of quantum particles and their properties, it tells us that those quantum particles are there for a reason and that tells us something about the origin of life. 
Category: Physics of Biology

[102] viXra:1601.0160 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-15 03:19:40

Life Definition

Authors: Domenico Oricchio
Comments: Pages.

A statistical definition of life
Category: Physics of Biology

[101] viXra:1511.0262 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-27 08:39:09

Detecting the Detector: Readily Testable Examples

Authors: Colin Bruce Jack
Comments: 5 Pages.

This paper adds supplementary information to my previous paper Detecting The Detector[1] and should be read in conjunction with it. It lists additional examples of animals which may be using a detector-detecting sense, permitting straightforward verification experiments in readily accessible environments.
Category: Physics of Biology

[100] viXra:1511.0107 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-13 00:06:34

In Searching of Trees Natural Vibration Frequency Based on Granular Particles Interactions and Vibration

Authors: Sparisoma Viridi, Pindi Patana, Sena Adi Subrata, Hendy Hertiasa, Mikrajuddin Abdullah
Comments: 9 pages, 13 figures, 1 table, presented in International Seminar on Biological Sciences 2015, Medan, Indonesia, 17 October 2015, #24

Inspiring by Leonardo's formula regarding cross section of trees from trunk to branches, Eloy (2011) found that Leonardo's exponent is between 1.8 and 2.3, instead of exact 2. In this work another aspect is investigated, tree branches natural frequency. It is already usual that in a nearly no-windy condition, some branches vibrated alternatively due to wind movement passing their leaves. This could explain why in a very windy situation a tree may survive, while a power line construction not. It could be addressed to their natural vibration frequency. A tree model based on granular particle interaction in Eloy's parameter ranges is developed. Vibration is induced to some parts to investigate which other part will be also vibrated. Few branches trees and many ones give different responses. From the results prevention may be designed to conserve our forestry resources.
Category: Physics of Biology

[99] viXra:1511.0066 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-08 01:25:58

Death, Instinct, Birth

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 4 Pages.

I think everything in the universe, as well as in every century, is really only one thing. So life and death can't be separate things. What we call death must really be continuation of life. If animals and humans are quantum entangled with every point in space-time, such a condition would allow animals to automatically, or instinctively, do and know things beyond their individual reasoning abilities. Think of the possibilities if this principle is applied to human consciousness. We could acquire knowledge that's presently considered unknowable! We could do things considered impossible! If only life exists, what we term "our lives" has to be continuation of a life we had prior to being born on this planet. Presumably, life before birth is identical to life after death. I think the unknowable and the impossible always exist because the knowledge we gain throughout history, and into future centuries, gradually builds into godlike abilities which transcend the barrier of time apparently only moving forwards. Continuing the theme of humanity's future godlike abilities - Einstein told us space and time are curved and warped. This allows evolution to be restricted to adaptations and relatively minor modifications within species. Their origin is plausibly explained by human biotechnology from centuries in the future finding its way into the distant past.
Category: Physics of Biology

[98] viXra:1510.0477 [pdf] submitted on 2015-10-28 20:37:37

Spatiotemporal Pattern Generation using Frequency Dependent Chaos (Towards Tunable Evolution and Emergence)

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 7 Pages.

A novel kind of chaos dependent on frequency and offering the twin advantages of easy tunability and simplicity of implementation is proposed, using which, a simple methodology to generate a chaotic signal is designed and implemented in hardware using FPGA, and the generated chaos is characterized using standard parameters such as Lyapunov Exponents and Kolmogorov Entropy. This temporal signal is used as the basis acting on a spatial propagation rule to generate spatiotemporal patterns. The generated patterns and their dependence on the spatial and temporal rules are studied. The distinguishing features of the obtained spatiotemporal patterns are simplicity of implementation, richness of features observed and a temporal rather than a spatial basis for generation, leading to implementation without employing memory consuming neighbourhood rules, which form the highlights of the present work. The generation of spatiotemporal patterns is seen as a road to tunable evolution and emergence, and finds immense applications such as bar code and random number generators.
Category: Physics of Biology

[97] viXra:1510.0441 [pdf] submitted on 2015-10-27 21:09:27

Integrative Medicine System Based On Music

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 20 Pages.

The lifestyle of today’s world demands a reliable, comprehensive integrative medicine system with minimal side effects. One of the most prominent candidates is music, an enjoyable healthcare approach. The present article formulates a music based integrative medicine system. Specifically, the physician-patient interaction is explored. Based on this model, Ayurveda and modern science such as Quantum Consciousness, Chaos Theory, Statistical Theory of Communication, Information Theory and Neurodynamics, six dimensions are formulated. These are physiological (TriDoshas), emotional (TriGunas), Sociological (Temperament), Psychological (Brain Waves), Spiritual (Chakras) and Informational (Landscape). The connection between music and each of these dimensions are explored. The formulation created in this article thus opens the doors for reliable, enjoyable, holistic healthcare with minimal side effects using music.
Category: Physics of Biology

[96] viXra:1510.0419 [pdf] submitted on 2015-10-27 09:14:28

An Ode to Music: Chaos Theory, Meridians and Melakarthas

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 21 Pages.

It is well known that the variations in frequencies (Swaras) and timbre (tone) form melody (Raga), the key aspect leading to all kinds of music experience. The pinnacle of exploring the frequencies within an octave is the Melakartha system of Carnatic Music, forming the motivation of the present work. A time domain waveform of the Swara is used to form an iterative map explaining the evolution and behavior of the Raga, and thus music experience. The presence of sensitivity, or chaotic behavior is seen and studied using phase portraits, maximal Lyapunov Exponents and Distance Plots. Following this, the basics of Meridian based healing in Traditional Chinese Medicine are explored, and by formulating a procedure to compute the “Deviance” of a Raga, the 72 Melakartha Ragas are mapped to the 72 Meridians in the Human Body. It is opined that this article takes the first step towards a series of research developments culminating in an era of “Holistic Healthcare and Personal/Personnel Management using Music”.
Category: Physics of Biology

[95] viXra:1510.0388 [pdf] submitted on 2015-10-25 08:06:53

Identification of Low Dimensional Chaos in Epileptogenic Seizure and Non-Seizure EEG using Solitary Wavelet Analysis

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 16 Pages.

The present work purports to the spectral and nonlinear analysis of intracranially recorded Electroencephalogram (EEG) time series data resulting in the identification and characterization of a low-dimensional chaos therein. Specifically, three categories of EEG time series data are considered: those recorded in non-epileptogenic regions during normal activity (‘healthy’ EEG), those recorded in epileptogenic regions during seizure activity (‘Seizure’ EEG), and those recorded in epileptogenic regions during normal non-seizure activity. In order to perform the spectral analysis efficiently, a new kind of wavelet, the solitary wavelet is proposed based on the hyperbolic secant function, where it is seen that this wavelet possesses vanishing higher moments with a negative logarithmic slope, thus translating to efficient detection of burst type signals without multiple levels of decomposition and reconstruction. The spectral analyses of the three categories of EEG data performed using Fourier and Wavelet analyses reveal that seizure EEG spectra, to a greater extent, and non-seizure epileptogenic EEG spectra, to a lesser extent, display prominent high frequency peaks, suggestive of resonant behavior. Nonlinear analysis using phase portraits too confirm the resonance oriented periodic orbits seen in Seizure EEG. Finally, quantitative analysis performed using Largest Lyapunov Exponents (LLE) and Fractal Dimension (D) reveal that both D and LLE values for seizure EEG are much lower than the healthy counterparts, with non-seizure epileptogenic EEG D and LLE values seen somewhere in between. The essence of these results is the observation of a distinct, uniquely identifiable low-dimensional chaotic behavior in EEG taken from epileptogenic region during non-seizure activities. This information can be used both as a preventive epilepsy diagnostic technique, as well as a post-surgical recovery assessment tool, and this forms the novelty of the present work.
Category: Physics of Biology

[94] viXra:1510.0110 [pdf] submitted on 2015-10-13 05:56:45

Watch Out for Iphones!

Authors: Mark M. Grinshtein
Comments: Pages.

There have been given brief comparative characteristics of main smartphone producers, Apple and Samsung. There has been studied impact of the gadgets on human health.
Category: Physics of Biology

[93] viXra:1510.0090 [pdf] submitted on 2015-10-11 05:25:03

Revisiting the Issue of Early Diagnostics and Treatment of Malignant Prostate Neoplasms. \\ К вопросу о ранней диагностике и лечении злокачественных новообразований простаты.

Authors: Mark M. Grinshtein
Comments: Pages. in Russian

The article describes the approach to early diagnostics and treatment of prostate cancer from the perspective of information-wave medicine. \\ В статье описан подход к ранней диагностике и лечению рака простаты с позиции информационно-волновой медицины.
Category: Physics of Biology

[92] viXra:1509.0296 [pdf] submitted on 2015-09-30 21:11:08

A Sense Enhanced Game of Life (SEGoL)

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 13 Pages.

The Game of Life is arguably the most popular and productive cellular automaton ever discovered, with applications in evolutionary dynamics and Turing Machine Designs. The present work purports to the design, implementation and discussion of a Sense Enhanced Game of Life (SEGoL), which is essentially the original GoL including sense enhanced perceptibility. To achieve this, two grids, namely the Life Grid L and the Sense Grid S are defined, with L taking one of two values (alive or dead) and S taking one of three values (touch, sight and sound), with the value in a particular S grid affecting the neighborhood perceptibility in the corresponding S grid. Based on the design, the evolutionary patterns are studied for various rules, coupled with the entropy values and survival rates. Among various cases explored, certain interesting cases leading to self-organization in the sense grids, with or without accompaniment of clustering of certain senses are observed. It is seen that the proposed Sense Enhanced Game of Life (SEGoL), essentially adapting Conway’s original Game of Life Rules, scaled for larger neighborhoods, and for enhanced perceptibility, displays a diverse range of interesting evolutionary dynamics, while also retaining the original features of the original Game of Life including the still-life and oscillating elements for the pure touch case. It is hoped that the results detailed here would form preliminary steps in transforming a reductionist, structural perspective of life to a radical and innovative holistic, information based understanding of life.
Category: Physics of Biology

[91] viXra:1509.0260 [pdf] submitted on 2015-09-27 16:13:34

Subjective Experiences as a Manifestation of an Interface Between Dark and Ordinary Matter

Authors: Evgeny A. Novikov
Comments: 6 Pages.

This work is based on modification of the general relativity, which includes effects of production /absorption of matter by the vacuum. The theory (without fitting parameters) is in good quantitative agreement with cosmological observations. In this theory we got an interface between dark and ordinary matter, which very likely exist not only in cosmos, but everywhere, including our body and, especially, our brain. Subjective experiences are considered as a manifestation of that interface. This opens a possibility of a "communication" with dark matter. Probable applications of these ideas include health (brain stimulation), communication, computational capabilities and energy resources.
Category: Physics of Biology

[90] viXra:1508.0286 [pdf] submitted on 2015-08-26 18:49:31

The Orch OR Theory of Consciousness and Information Theory: Limits on the Speed of Switching of Quantum States allow Coherence over the Length Scales of Cellular Biology

Authors: Simon WW Manley
Comments: 6 Pages.

The theory of Orchestrated Objective Reduction (Orch OR) can be reformulated using the Margolus-Levitin Theorem of conventional quantum mechanics, thereby preserving the essential predictions of Orch OR without invoking a theory of Quantum Gravity which still awaits satisfactory development. Further, we demonstrate that, at the energies encountered in biology, quantum states cannot evolve quickly enough to preclude causal interactions over length scales matching the dimensions of typical cells. The facile inference, often drawn, that decoherence of a quantum state in a heat bath at biological temperatures is too rapid to permit significant quantum effects is thereby shown to be fallacious.
Category: Physics of Biology

[89] viXra:1508.0077 [pdf] submitted on 2015-08-11 03:41:37

On the Question of Free-Radical Theory of Human Aging. \\ К вопросу о свободнорадикальной теории старения человека.

Authors: Mark M. Grinshtein
Comments: Pages. in Russian

The article presents the results of studies confirming the inconsistency of the "free radical theory of aging." It proves the genic-viral etiology of this process and the role of antioxidants in slowing down the aging process. \\ В статье приведены результаты исследований, подтверждающие несостоятельность свободнорадикальной теории старения». Доказана генно-вирусная этиология этого процесса, а также роль антиоксидантов в замедлении процессов старения.
Category: Physics of Biology

[88] viXra:1506.0109 [pdf] submitted on 2015-06-14 04:52:37

An Empirical Foundation for Awareness; As the Basis for Unified Field Mechanics

Authors: Richard L. Amoroso
Comments: 13 Pages.

For the field of Consciousness Studies or Cognitive Science to advance pragmatically, rigorous quantifiable theoretical elements with experimentally testable protocols leading to a wide range of applicable results must occur. In this work we introduce a new unit of physical measure called the ‘Psychon’ named in honor of Nobelist Sir John Eccles to formally quantify ‘mental energy’. Additionally an experimental design is outlined to falsify the model. If the procedure for quantifying mind is successful it will have far reaching consequences for ‘mind science’ breaking down the 1st person - 3rd person barrier leading to a new class of ‘conscious technology’. The task introduces a new age of discovery in the progression Newtonian Mechanics to Quantum Mechanics to a 3rd regime of reality - Unified Field Mechanics (UFM); the long awaited paradigm shift justifiably fraught with detail and new nomenclature!
Category: Physics of Biology

[87] viXra:1504.0236 [pdf] submitted on 2015-04-29 11:27:53

Darwinian Model of Evolution. II

Authors: Dalius Balciunas
Comments: 1 page

A story about self-replicating life which unintentionally became organized struggling to survive.
Category: Physics of Biology

[86] viXra:1504.0186 [pdf] submitted on 2015-04-24 07:37:04

Secret Code Within Human DNA

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 20 Pages.

Scientists have discovered a secret second code hiding within DNA which instructs cells on how genes are controlled. The amazing discovery is expected to open new doors to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, according to a new study. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems.
Category: Physics of Biology

[85] viXra:1503.0230 [pdf] submitted on 2015-03-28 14:56:48

Fractal Geometry a Possible Explanation to the Accelerating Growth Rate of Trees

Authors: Blair D. Macdonald
Comments: 15 Pages.

In a recent publication it was discovered trees growth rate accelerates with age. Trees are described as being clear examples of natural fractals. Do fractals offer insight to the accelerating expansion? In this investigation the classical (Koch snowflake) fractal was inverted to model the growth of a fractals seen from a fixed – new growth – perspective. New triangle area sizes represented new branch volume; these new triangles were held constant allowing earlier triangles in the set to expand as the fractal set iterated (grew) through time. Velocities and accelerations were calculated for both the area of the total fractal, and the distance between points within the fractal set using classical kinematic equations. It was discovered that the area(s) of earlier triangles expanded exponentially, and as a consequence the total snowflake area grew exponentially. Distances between points (nodes) – from any location within the fractal set – receded away at exponentially increasing velocities and accelerations. For trees, if the new growth branch volume size remains constant through time, its supporting branches volumes will grow exponentially to support their mass. This property of fractals may account for the accelerating volumetric growth rates of trees. A trees age can be measured not only by its annual (growth ring) age, but also by its iteration age: the amount of iterations from trunk to new growth branch. Thought the findings have obvious relevance to the study of trees directly, they may also offer insight into the recently discovered observation of the accelerating growth rate of the universe.
Category: Physics of Biology

[84] viXra:1501.0212 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-23 10:14:50

Quantum Mechanical Biology

Authors: Yuri I. Ozhigov
Comments: 18 Pages.

This article focuses on the approach to biology in terms of quantum mechanics. Quantum biology is a hypothesis that allows experimental verification, and pretends to be a further refinement of the known gene-centric model. The state of the species is represented as the state vector in the Hilbert space, so that the evolution of this vector is described by means of quantum mechanics. Experimental verification of this hypothesis is based on the accuracy of quantum theory and the ability to quickly gather statistics when working with populations of bacteria. The positive result of such experiment would allow to apply to the living computational methods of quantum theory, which has not yet go beyond the particular ''quantum effects''.
Category: Physics of Biology

[83] viXra:1501.0182 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-18 22:32:11

A Review of Cancer Electromagnetic Frequency Therapy: Towards Physics of Cancer

Authors: Victor Christianto
Comments: 4 Pages. This article has been submitted to IFSL journal. Your comments are welcome.

It is known that conventional chemotherapy has average success rate of less than 25%, which seems to suggest that we need a better therapy for cancer. Chemotherapy and radiation employ non-specific toxic effects to inhibit the proliferation of both normal and tumor cells. In this regard, specific low frequency EMT has been reported to restore the homeostatic function of genes involved with controlling cell growth. Here I discuss possibility of a novel approach of cancer treatment using various applications of electromagnetic frequency.
Category: Physics of Biology

[82] viXra:1501.0018 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-01 21:28:55

More Precise View about Remote Replication

Authors: M. Pitkänen
Comments: 7 Pages.

The works of Luc Montagnier and Peter Gariaev suggests remote replication of DNA is possible. The developments in the model of dark DNA allow to imagine a detailed mechanism for how water can represent DNA and how DNA could be transcribed to dark DNA - essentially the analog of DNA-RNA transcription would be in question. The transcription/association represents a rule and rules are represented in terms of negentropic entanglement in TGD framework with pairs of states in superposition representing the instances of the rule. Transition energy serves as a characterizer of a molecule - say DNA codon - and the entangled state is a superposition of pairs in which either molecule is excited or dark DNA codon is excited to higher cyclotron state with same energy: this requires tuning of the magnetic field and sufficiently large value of heff at the flux tube. Negentropic entanglement would due to the exchange of dark photons: this corresponds to wave DNA aspect. Dark cyclotron photons also generate negatively charged exclusion zones (EZs) discovered by Pollack and in this process transform part of protons to dark ones residing at the magnetic flux tubes associated with EZs and forming dark proton sequences. This allows to identify a mechanism of remote replication.
Category: Physics of Biology

[81] viXra:1501.0012 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-01 21:50:28

TGD Inspired Model for the Formation of Exclusion Zones from Coherence Regions

Authors: M. Pitkänen
Comments: 4 Pages.

Emilio del Giudice et al have proposed that so collar coherent regions (CDs) of size about 1 micrometer in water are crucial for living systems and there is empirical evidence for them. Gerald Pollack and collaborators have discovered what they call exclusion zones with size up to about 200 micrometers. In the sequel a model for the formation of EZs assuming that CDs are their predecessors is proposed. The model involves also hydrogen bonds in an essential manner. The basic prediction is that the formation of CDs requires UV irradiation at energy around 12.06 eV. Solar radiation at this energy cannot propagate through atmosphere as ordinary photons but could arrive along magnetic flux tubes as dark protons.
Category: Physics of Biology

[80] viXra:1412.0133 [pdf] submitted on 2014-12-07 06:22:31

On Evolution - A Different Perspective

Authors: Padmanabhan Murali
Comments: 9 Pages.

Observations of recurrent evolutions have been noted for long suggesting that evolution prefers certain pathways. At the phenotype and genotype level it appears that evolution tends to arrive at certain solutions that suit environmental conditions present. Further, adaptive Laboratory Evolution studies on single celled organisms show that evolution is consistent and predictable when organisms are subjected to the same environmental Input. This paper presents a case from a different perspective and takes these observations as the starting point to propose a theory that Evolution on the whole is predictable. Only certain organisms are defined to exist as solutions in evolution space and only certain change pathways are possible and evolution necessarily proceeds along them. Presence of many regulatory networks in the organism is common knowledge supplemented by emerging understanding of Gene Regulatory Networks. Networks exist that control an organism right from birth, development, sustenance and survival. Extending this further, hidden regulatory networks are proposed to exist that activate and control organism change (speciation) as a response to environmental change. Evidence (possible cases) for such networks are proposed from literature. A key implication of this hypothesis is it eliminates the need of natural selection as a role player in Evolution. Instead the hidden networks proposed control Speciation. It proposes that beneficial mutations are the result of action of these hidden networks to initiate phenotype change (speciation).
Category: Physics of Biology

[79] viXra:1411.0226 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-18 02:36:35

Detecting the Detector: A Widespread Animal Sense?

Authors: Colin Bruce Jack
Comments: 7 Pages.

A focusing eye acts as a high-performance retroreflector, potentially appearing millions of times brighter when illuminated from a distance than would a matte white surface of the same area. In particular an eye which either has a reflective tapetum near its focal plane, or is operating at f-number less than unity, returns around half of the light entering its pupil in a direction parallel to that in which it arrived.
To detect other animals by eyeshine in this way, however, the detector requires a light source, potentially giving its own position away. The ideal method is therefore to use a form of light which the other animal cannot see, or cannot discriminate from other light. Alternatively, emitting brief flashes of light whose duration is shorter than the time required for the other animal’s pupil to contract, or its eyelid to operate, optimises detection while giving minimal useful information about the detector’s position. Modulation of the source by the detecting animal will cause retroreflected light to vary in sync, potentially allowing the detector to distinguish retroreflected light from background illumination even when the latter is stronger.
In 2009 I pointed out[1] that fluorescent rings around the eye of the triplefin blenny discovered by Michiels et al[2] could allow it to detect other animals, such as potential prey or predators, in this way. The blenny’s rings fluoresce red when illuminated with blue light: only blue light normally penetrates to the depth where it lives. Use of red thus maximizes sensitivity, and red may be invisible to other animals living at depth which have not evolved to see this colour. Michiels et al continue to accumulate evidence supporting the theory[3]. It had previously been suggested that fish living at great depth might emit light for similar reasons[4]. However, little attention appears to have been paid to potential use of the mechanism by animals other than fish. In this paper I introduce circumstantial evidence that many other types of animal likely use it.
Category: Physics of Biology

[78] viXra:1411.0115 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-13 18:20:51

Lognormal Distribution of Firing Time and Rate from a Single Neuron?

Authors: Eszter A. Kish, Claes-Goran Granqvist, Andras Der, Laszlo B. Kish
Comments: 9 Pages. submitted for publication

Even a single neuron may be able to produce significant lognormal features in its firing statistics due to noise in the charging ion current. A mathematical scheme introduced in advanced nanotechnology is relevant for the analysis of this mechanism in the simplest case, the integrate-and-fire model with white noise in the charging ion current.
Category: Physics of Biology

[77] viXra:1410.0197 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-29 20:34:48

Identification of Superparamagnetic Nanoparticles in Biological Objects

Authors: Duplavyi Illia
Comments: 2 Pages.

The objective of this study was to determine the physical parameters involved in detecting and localizing the magnetic field created by superparamagnetic particles localized on the tumor.
Category: Physics of Biology

[76] viXra:1410.0189 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-29 07:18:30

Magnetic Measurement Model of Nanoparticle Properties

Authors: I. Duplavyi
Comments: 2 Pages.

A proposed model describes magnetic field configuration depending on penetration depth of the drug enclosed in a biocompatible form with ferromagnetic material, and surface shape. The model provides more accurate and reliable delivery of nanocomposite, as well as determination of its location in human body. Determination of spatial distribution of nanocomposite will allow calculating the effective dose of its concentration as close as possible for subsequent administration into the object studied.
Category: Physics of Biology

[75] viXra:1410.0167 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-26 22:13:18

Soliton Solution of Sine-Gordon Model of DNA

Authors: Victor Christianto, Yunita Umniyati
Comments: 2 Pages. This paper is draft version, not yet submitted to any journal. Comments are welcome

There are many models of DNA, both the linear ones and the nonlinear ones. One interesting model in this regard is the sine-Gordon model of DNA. It belongs to nonlinear model of DNA which is close to realistic model. Here we discuss a graphical plot of soliton solution of such a sine-Gordon model of DNA.
Category: Physics of Biology

[74] viXra:1410.0158 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-26 04:39:34

Pill for Gays

Authors: Mark M. Grinshtein
Comments: Pages.

The article contains the results of studying homosexuality in terms of informationwave medicine. The viral-genetic aetiology of this pathological condition has been confirmed.
Category: Physics of Biology

[73] viXra:1410.0082 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-15 04:59:52

New Approaches to the Etiology, Diagnosis and Treatment of Cancer. \\ Новые подходы к этиологии, диагностике и лечению рака.

Authors: Mark M. Grinshtein
Comments: Pages. in Russian

The present article reviews modern hypotheses for cancer cells division and provides author’s empirical data on cancer etiology detection and the mechanism of cancer cells division from the viewpoint of the information-wave medicine. \\ В статье рассмотрены современные гипотезы по механизму деления раковых клеток и приведены результаты исследований автора по выявлению этиологии рака, а так же по механизму деления раковых клеток с позиции информационно-волновой медицины.
Category: Physics of Biology

[72] viXra:1409.0193 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-26 06:45:13

Morphogenesis, Morphostasis, and Learning in TGD Framework

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 10 Pages.

According to Michael Levin, concerning morphogenesis and morphostasis the basic challenge is to understand how the shape of the organism is generated and how it is preserved. The standard local approach based on belief on genetic determinism does not allow one to answer these questions satisfactorily.

The first approach to this problem relies on a self-organization paradigm in which the local dynamics of cells leads to large scale structures as self-organization patterns. In TGD framework 3-D self-organization is replaced with 4-D self-organization (the failure of strict determinism of the classical dynamics is essential motivating zero energy ontology (ZEO)). One can speak about 4-D healing: expressing it in somewhat sloppy manner, the space-time surface serving as a classical correlate for the patient is as a whole replaced with the healed one: after the 4-D healing process the organism was never ill in geometrical sense! Note that in quantal formulation one must speak of quantum superposition of space-time surfaces.

Second approach could be seen as computational. The basic idea is that the process is guided by a template of the target state and morphogenesis and healing are computational processes. What Levin calls morphogenetic fields would define this template. It is known that organisms display a kind of coordinate grid providing positional information that allows cells to "decide" about the profile of genetic expression. In TGD framework magnetic body forming coordinate grid formed from flux tubes is a natural candidate for this structure. They would also realize topological quantum computation (TQC) with basic computational operations realized at the nodes of flux tubes to which it is natural to associate some biological sub-structures.

The assumption about final goal defining a template can be argued to be too strong: much weaker principle defining a local direction of dynamics and leading automatically to the final state as something analogous to free energy minimum in thermodynamics might be enough. Unfortunately, second law is the only principle that standard physics can offer. Negentropy Maximization Principle (NMP) provides the desired principle in TGD framework. Also the approach of WCW spinor field to the maximum of vacuum functional (or equivalently that of Kähler function) gives a goal for the dynamics after the perturbation of the organism causing "trauma". If Kähler function is classical space-time correlate for entanglement negentropy, these two views are equivalent.

TGD thus suggests an approach, which could be seen as a hybrid of approaches based on self-organization and computationalism. The magnetic body becomes the key notion and codes also for learned behaviors as TQC programs coded by the braiding of flux tubes. The replication of the magnetic body means also the replication of the programs behind behavioral patterns (often somewhat misleadingly regarded as synonymous with long term memories): both structure and function are replicated. This hypothesis survives the killer tests provided by the strange findings about planaria cut into two and developing new head or tail while retaining its learned behaviors: the findings indicate that behavioral programs are preserved although planaria develops a new brain.
Category: Physics of Biology

[71] viXra:1409.0191 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-26 06:52:00

Pollack's Findings About Fourth Phase of Water: TGD View

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 8 Pages.

The discovery of negatively charged exclusion zone formed in water bounded by gel phase has led Pollack to propose the notion of gel like fourth phase of water. In this article this notion is discussed in TGD framework. The proposal is that the fourth phase corresponds to negatively charged regions - exclusion zones - with size up to 100-200 microns generated when energy is fed into the water - say as radiation, in particular solar radiation. The stoichiometry of the exclusion zone is H1.5O and can be understood if every fourth proton is dark proton residing at the flux tubes of the magnetic body assignable to the exclusion zone and outside it. This leads to a model for prebiotic cell as exclusion zone. Dark protons are proposed to fork dark nuclei whose states can be grouped to groups corresponding to DNA, RNA, amino-acids, and tRNA and for which vertebrate genetic code is realized in a natural manner. The voltage associated with the system defines the analog of membrane potential, and serves as a source of metabolic energy as in the case of ordinary metabolism. The energy is liberated in a reverse phase transition in which dark protons transform to ordinary ones. Dark proton strings serve as analogs of basic biopolymers and one can imagine analog of bio-catalysis with enzymes replaced with their dark analogs. The recent discovery that metabolic cycles emerge spontaneously in absence of cell support this view.
Category: Physics of Biology

[70] viXra:1409.0185 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-26 07:03:56

TGD View About Homeopathy, Water Memory, and Evolution of Immune System

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 6 Pages.

This article represents a brief sketch of TGD based model of water memory and homeopathy as it is after two steps of progress. First one was due to Pollack's findings about exclusion zones of water explained in terms of fourth phase of water. Second step or progress was inspired by an anomaly claimed by Tajmar et al and known as strong gravimagnetism. The attempt to understand the claim led to heff = hgr=hem hypothesis unifying two TGD views about the notion of hierarchy of Planck constants proposed to characterize the phases of dark matter.

In this framework the attempt to understand homeopathy leads to additional insights about about water as living system and about prebiotic life as being based on the dark realization of genetic code realized in terms of dark proton strings which are nothing than dark variants of nuclei. Formation of exclusion zones would be formation of primitive lifeforms and primitive form of metabolism. Homeopathy could be seen as a manifestation of a fundamental form of immune system based on the recognition of invader molecules using reconnection mechanism for magnetic flux tubes and on mimicking the braiding of the magnetic bodies of invader molecules using dark variants of proteins (later proteins) and and eventually representing them symbolically in terms of dark DNA (later ordinary DNA) coding for the dark proteins. Genetic code might have geometric interpretation as coding for the 2-braiding of 3-D coordinate grids represented by magnetic flux tubes serving as the 4-D template coding not only for the structure of the organism but also its functions as spatio-temporal patterns. Protein folding would represent a behavior of protein and DNA would code also for it.
Category: Physics of Biology

[69] viXra:1409.0183 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-26 07:07:47

New Results About Microtubules as Quantum Systems

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 18 Pages.

The latest news in quantum biology is the observation by the group led by Anirban Bandyopadhyay about detection of quantum vibration in microtubule scale - their lengths vary up to 50 μm. If this observation can be replicated, one can speak about breakthrough in quantum consciousness.

The findings reported in an earlier talk of Banduopadhyay give support for the general TGD inspired view about topological quantum computation (TQC) and allow for a rather detailed model in the case of microtubules. The idea is that flux tubes form a 2-D coordinate grid consisting of parallel flux tubes in two different directions. Crossing points would be associated with tubulins and the conformational state of tubulin could define a bit coding whether the braid strands defining coordinate lines are braided or not (swap or not). In this manner any bit pattern at microtubule defines a particular TQC program. If also conformations are quantum superposed, one would have "quantum-quantum computation". It however seems that conformation change is irreversible chemical reaction so that this option is not feasible.

The TGD inspired modification of the proposal in terms of flux tube coordinate grids making possible TQC architectures with tubulin dimers defining bits defining in turn TQC program looks rather natural. Coordinate grids can be fixed on basis of the experimental findings and there are 8 of them. The interpretation is in terms of different resolutions. The grids for A and B type lattices are related by 2π twist for the second end of the basic 13-unit for microtubule. An attractive interpretation for the resonance frequencies is in terms of phase transitions between A and B type lattices. If A type lattices can be generated only in phase transitions induced by AC stimulus at resonance frequencies, one could understand their experimental absence, which is a strong objection against Penrose-Hameroff model.

TGD suggests also a generalization of the very notion of TQC to 2-braid TQC with 2-D string world sheets becoming knotted in 4-D space-time. Now qubits (or their generalizations) could correspond to states of flux tubes defining braid strands as Penrose and Hameroff seem to suggest and the emergence of MTs could be seen as an evolutionary leap due to the emergence of a new abstraction level in cognitive processing.
Category: Physics of Biology

[68] viXra:1409.0182 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-26 07:15:53

General Model for Metabolism

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 10 Pages.

The general strategy in attempts to understand metabolism is based on the assumption that a very large class of anomalous phenomena rely on same basic mechanism. This includes life as a phenomenon, water memory and homeopathy, free energy phenomena involving over-unity phenomena related to the dissociation of water, lightning and ball lightning, anomalous effects associated with rotating magnetic systems, phenomena related to UFOs (light balls), even remote mental interactions. One must have a unified explanation for all these phenomena based on a real theory. Plasmoids are TGD inspired proposal for prebiotic lifeforms and the input from anomalies related to electrolysis of water together with TGD based proposal that sequences of dark protons define dark nuclei realizing vertebrate genetic code leads to the vision that the biochemical metabolic machinery including photosynthesis has a simple analog realized in terms of "polymers" of water molecules with one dark proton with protons bound to sequence by color bonds.

The old view about the metabolic energy quanta as energies liberated as particle "drops" to a larger space-time sheet is modified. Metabolic energy quanta are liberated when the space-time sheet at which the particles reside expands in a phase transition increasing its p-adic prime and reducing the value of Planck constant correspondingly so that the net result is that the size of the space-time sheet remains the same. This condition implies a close relationship between p-adic and dark matter hierarchies. This process is automatically coherent since all particles suffer the change simultaneously. It applies also to a situation in which particles are in magnetic field: in this case the scale of cyclotron energies changes since the strength of the magnetic field is scaled down to guarantee the conservation of magnetic flux. This transition is not cyclotron transition but liberates essentially the same energy as coherent cyclotron transition so that magnetic fields (their "motor actions") become essential players also in metabolic activities.
Category: Physics of Biology

[67] viXra:1409.0021 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-04 03:08:03

EINSTEIN’S Work Explains Placebo Effect

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 3 Pages.

I’ve been doing some more thinking about the miraculous improvement in my friend Karen’s (name changed for privacy) health. This improvement – a less cautious person might even call it a cure – is a real puzzle … but a good one. The surgery she had 6 years ago, and all the chemotherapy and CT scans she’s received, have obviously been absolutely essential. I saw a TV program about Professor Ted Kaptchuk’s work with the placebo effect a few nights ago (his experiments with patients show that placebos have beneficial effects even when the placebo is known to be such) and am wondering if this twist in the placebo effect could be involved. In Karen’s case, the placebo wouldn’t be a pill or other treatment but I think it might possibly be the way she thinks. When diagnosed with a CT scan, the doctor made the seriousness of her condition very clear and said she needed emergency surgery. Karen’s mind was clear at the time and she understood everything he said. But she was really calm because she had the unmistakeable feeling that everything would be fine, even if treatment lasted years. This wasn’t just wishful thinking on Karen’s part because, in her late 40s, she had the same feeling over and over telling her that her 50s would be an extremely difficult time for her health (Karen never mentioned this to anyone before because she had enough problems without being labelled a crazy woman who believes in ESP and precognition). But I think the Theory of Everything and Einstein’s Unified Field provide a rational explanation (both of her drastic improvement and supposed precognition) if they aren’t limited to mathematics but embrace all reality, and unify everything in space and time (including Karen’s beautiful, unconventional mind) into one thing.
Category: Physics of Biology

[66] viXra:1408.0140 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-21 07:02:48

New Approaches to the Etiology, Diagnosis and Treatment of Cancer \\ Новые подходы к этиологии, диагностике и лечению рака

Authors: Mark M. Grinshtein
Comments: 10 Pages. in Russian

The present article reviews modern hypotheses for cancer cells division and provides author’s empirical data on cancer etiology detection and the mechanism of cancer cells division from the viewpoint of the information-wave medicine. \\ В статье рассмотрены современные гипотезы по механизму деления раковых клеток и приведены результаты исследований автора по выявлению этиологии рака, а так же по механизму деления раковых клеток с позиции информационно-волновой медицины.
Category: Physics of Biology

[65] viXra:1407.0177 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-23 19:51:05

Are there Favorite Foods that May Cause Cancer?

Authors: Victor Christianto
Comments: 3 Pages. This article has not been published in any journal.

Acording to an article, there are some favorite foods that may cause cancer, including but not limited to: burgers, steak, fried chicken, french fries, bacon, canned foods, etc. See for instance: http://www.healthyyounaturally.com/edu/top10foodhazards.htm Some of these harmful effects come from acrylamide, a substance that is formed during high-temperature processing of foods. According to Mathilda Bongers etc. at PlosOne journal (2012), acrylamide has correlation with cancer. So do you think, that we should take radical shifts towards avoiding these favorite foods that may cause cancer? And why are they not prohibited from our food list?
Category: Physics of Biology

Replacements of recent Submissions

[67] viXra:1608.0071 [pdf] replaced on 2016-08-10 05:17:53

"Patch" for DNA

Authors: Mark M. Grinshtein
Comments: 5 Pages.

The article reviewed a technique of diagnosing and treating gene viral diseases by way of identification and subsequent recovery (repair) of abnormal chromosomes.
Category: Physics of Biology

[66] viXra:1603.0230 [pdf] replaced on 2016-03-18 00:19:19

A Few Comments on Montagnier and Gariaev’s Work: Omne Vivum ex Vivo Via Crebritudo?

Authors: Victor Christianto, Yunita Umniyati
Comments: 6 Pages. This paper has been submitted to DNA Decipher Journal. Your comments are welcome

In a series of papers, Luc Montagnier and his group reported various effects of electromagnetic fields to DNA. It has been shown that genetic information can be transmitted to water through applications of electromagnetic field. These experiments seem to confirm what have been done by Peter Gariaev and his group in the past 3 decades, i.e. that DNA has wave character. Of course, non-particle view of DNA challenges standard paradigm of DNA and biology. The purpose of this paper is to review shortly such a non-particle view of DNA. To conclude, then we consider an extension of known adage: “Omne vivum ex vivo”, to become “Omne vivum ex vivo via crebritudo” (crebritudo is the Latin word for “frequency”).
Category: Physics of Biology

[65] viXra:1603.0195 [pdf] replaced on 2016-06-23 03:00:37

Relation of Physiological Variables and Health

Authors: Feng Lin
Comments: 16 Pages. mathematical and system science method is used to study biological system

Based on the non-equilibrium thermodynamics point of view that a biological system is sustained by a local potential provided by stable entropy production, we construct a mathematical model to describe the metabolism of human body system. According to the stable and periodic property of human body system, the embryonic form of the model is constructed by dimensional analysis. Based on the mathematical model, stability analysis is used to discuss the response to perturbation which corresponds to the influence on human health. With the help of physiology and medical science, the parameters in the model are determined by empirical formulas in physiology. The correspondence of parameters and the observable variables such as body temperature, body weight, heart rate etc is found out. As an example, an interesting result obtained from our model is that overweight adults, even though healthy in the medical examination reports, faces the risk of being sick, because overweight decreases the metabolic frequency, however, it drives the human body system "farther" from equilibrium (death). This result shows that the body weight of over weighted ones will gradually increase rather than staying at a stable interval. Our method provides a new approach of predicting human health according to the observable vital signs.
Category: Physics of Biology

[64] viXra:1602.0132 [pdf] replaced on 2016-02-14 19:16:28

The Truth About Evolution

Authors: Jonathan Tooker
Comments: 13 Pages. 3 figures, 2 tables, less typos

The purpose of this report is to debunk Darwin's theory of evolution and any variant theory that relies on the natural rate of mutation to explain the origin of new genes. We construct a model of DNA and show that the minimum rate of mutation needed to produce humans within the geological age of the Earth is too high. It is much higher than any realistic model of random mutations. The calculation presented here should end the evolution debate, at least in its Darwinian limit. Other problems with evolution are discussed.
Category: Physics of Biology

[63] viXra:1601.0163 [pdf] replaced on 2016-07-30 07:07:12

The Origin of Life

Authors: PV Raktoe
Comments: 3 Pages.

The origin of life is a mystery, and we will always wonder if we are alone in the universe. We can see the universe beyond our solar system but we will never reach the nearest star, so we will probably never see an alien life form. But if we want to know if there is life out there, we need to find the origin of life. I believe that the origin of life can be found everywhere, because I know what the universe is. The universe has the same structure and properties as something on Earth, the universe is like a sub-atomic ocean because it’s also filled with sub-atomic particles, sub-atomic whirlpools and turbulent sub-atomic streams. I explained why in my Vixra paper 1508.0191, that paper describes the origin of gravity. Gravity tells us something about the properties of sub-atomic particles, it tells us what they need to do. It tells us that those sub-atomic particles are there for a reason, they are there to maintain the universe and everything in it. Gravity is a side effect of a continuous absorption stream of sub-atomic particles (ether) towards matter, those sub-atomic particles are continuously absorbed by matter and that continuous absorption process is time (Vixra paper 1607.0495). And it might sound strange but it's true, that continuous absorption process tells us something about the origin of life. It tells us that the origin of life can be found everywhere, as long as the conditions are right.
Category: Physics of Biology

[62] viXra:1601.0163 [pdf] replaced on 2016-06-21 18:45:45

The Origin of Life

Authors: PV Raktoe
Comments: 3 Pages.

The origin of life remains a mystery, and we will always wonder if we are alone in the universe. We can see the universe beyond our solar system but we will never reach the nearest star, so we will probably never see an alien life form. But if we want to know if there is life out there, we need to find the origin of life. I think the origin of life can be found everywhere, because I know what the universe is. The universe has the same structure and properties as something on Earth, the universe is like a sub-atomic ocean and therefore it’s also filled with sub-atomic particles, sub-atomic whirlpools and turbulent sub-atomic streams. I explained why in my Vixra paper 1508.0191, that paper describes the origin of gravity. Gravity tells us something about the properties of sub-atomic particles, it tells us what they need to do. It tells us that those sub-atomic particles are there for a reason, they are there to maintain the universe and everything in it. Gravity is a side effect of a continuous absorption stream of sub-atomic particles (eather) towards matter, those sub-atomic particles are continuously absorbed by matter. And it might sound strange but it's true, that tells us something about the origin of life. It tells us that the origin of life can be found everywhere, as long as the conditions are right.
Category: Physics of Biology

[61] viXra:1601.0163 [pdf] replaced on 2016-01-17 15:33:40

The Origin of Life

Authors: PV Raktoe
Comments: 3 Pages.

The origin of life remains a mystery and mankind will always wonder if we are alone in the universe. We can see the universe beyond our solar system but we will never reach the nearest star, so we will never see an alien life form. If we want to know if there is life out there, we need to find the origin of life. I think the origin of life can be found everywhere, because I know what the universe is. The universe has the same structure and properties as something on Earth, the universe is like a quantum ocean and therefore it’s also filled with quantum particles, quantum whirlpools and turbulent quantum streams. I explained why in my Vixra paper 1508.0191, that paper describes the origin of gravity. Gravity tells us something about the different kinds of quantum particles, but more important, it tells us something about their properties. It tells us that those quantum particles are there for a reason, they are there to maintain the universe and everything in it. And it might sound strange, but that also tells us something about the origin of life. It tells us that the origin of life can be found everywhere, as long as the conditions are right.
Category: Physics of Biology

[60] viXra:1501.0002 [pdf] replaced on 2015-03-04 23:37:17

Telecommunications and Decussation (Non-Evolutionary Explanation of Nerve-Fibre Crossing)

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 4 Pages.

This is just a couple of short pages seeking an answer to a problem I’ve wondered about for years and years - Why do nerve fibres cross from one side to the other so that the hemispheres of the brain control the opposite halves of the body? I never felt satisfied by the conventional evolutionary explanations. A recent experience allowed me to frame another explanation – from the world of telecommunications. Highlights for Telecommunications and Decussation •Evolution explains adaptation but explaining origin by it is wild extrapolation. •According to Einstein and modern physics, space-time is curved and warped. •Such warping might allow future science to reach into the remote past. •This makes origin possible via human science, not evolution or supernatural means.
Category: Physics of Biology

[59] viXra:1411.0115 [pdf] replaced on 2014-11-24 17:29:27

Lognormal Distribution of Firing Time and Rate from a Single Neuron?

Authors: Eszter A. Kish, Claes-Goran Granqvist, Andras Der, Laszlo B. Kish
Comments: 6 Pages. submitted for pubication

Even a single neuron may be able to produce significant lognormal features in its firing statistics due to noise in the charging ion current. A mathematical scheme introduced in advanced nanotechnology is relevant for the analysis of this mechanism in the simplest case, the integrate-and-fire model with white noise in the charging ion current.
Category: Physics of Biology

[58] viXra:1410.0167 [pdf] replaced on 2014-10-29 00:27:10

A Review of Soliton Solution of Sine-Gordon Model of DNA

Authors: Victor Christianto, Yunita Umniyati
Comments: 4 Pages. This paper has not been submitted yet to any journal. Comments and suggestions are welcome

There are many models of DNA, both the linear ones and the nonlinear ones. One interesting model in this regard is the sine-Gordon model of DNA as proposed by Salerno. It belongs to nonlinear model of DNA which is close to realistic model. Here we discuss a graphical plot of soliton solution of such a sine-Gordon model of DNA.
Category: Physics of Biology