Physics of Biology

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Recent submissions

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[73] viXra:1410.0082 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-15 04:59:52

New Approaches to the Etiology, Diagnosis and Treatment of Cancer.

Authors: M.Grinshtein
Comments: 7 Pages.

The present article reviews modern hypotheses for cancer cells division and provides author’s empirical data on cancer etiology detection and the mechanism of cancer cells division from the viewpoint of the information-wave medicine.
Category: Physics of Biology

[72] viXra:1409.0193 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-26 06:45:13

Morphogenesis, Morphostasis, and Learning in TGD Framework

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 10 Pages.

According to Michael Levin, concerning morphogenesis and morphostasis the basic challenge is to understand how the shape of the organism is generated and how it is preserved. The standard local approach based on belief on genetic determinism does not allow one to answer these questions satisfactorily.

The first approach to this problem relies on a self-organization paradigm in which the local dynamics of cells leads to large scale structures as self-organization patterns. In TGD framework 3-D self-organization is replaced with 4-D self-organization (the failure of strict determinism of the classical dynamics is essential motivating zero energy ontology (ZEO)). One can speak about 4-D healing: expressing it in somewhat sloppy manner, the space-time surface serving as a classical correlate for the patient is as a whole replaced with the healed one: after the 4-D healing process the organism was never ill in geometrical sense! Note that in quantal formulation one must speak of quantum superposition of space-time surfaces.

Second approach could be seen as computational. The basic idea is that the process is guided by a template of the target state and morphogenesis and healing are computational processes. What Levin calls morphogenetic fields would define this template. It is known that organisms display a kind of coordinate grid providing positional information that allows cells to "decide" about the profile of genetic expression. In TGD framework magnetic body forming coordinate grid formed from flux tubes is a natural candidate for this structure. They would also realize topological quantum computation (TQC) with basic computational operations realized at the nodes of flux tubes to which it is natural to associate some biological sub-structures.

The assumption about final goal defining a template can be argued to be too strong: much weaker principle defining a local direction of dynamics and leading automatically to the final state as something analogous to free energy minimum in thermodynamics might be enough. Unfortunately, second law is the only principle that standard physics can offer. Negentropy Maximization Principle (NMP) provides the desired principle in TGD framework. Also the approach of WCW spinor field to the maximum of vacuum functional (or equivalently that of Kähler function) gives a goal for the dynamics after the perturbation of the organism causing "trauma". If Kähler function is classical space-time correlate for entanglement negentropy, these two views are equivalent.

TGD thus suggests an approach, which could be seen as a hybrid of approaches based on self-organization and computationalism. The magnetic body becomes the key notion and codes also for learned behaviors as TQC programs coded by the braiding of flux tubes. The replication of the magnetic body means also the replication of the programs behind behavioral patterns (often somewhat misleadingly regarded as synonymous with long term memories): both structure and function are replicated. This hypothesis survives the killer tests provided by the strange findings about planaria cut into two and developing new head or tail while retaining its learned behaviors: the findings indicate that behavioral programs are preserved although planaria develops a new brain.
Category: Physics of Biology

[71] viXra:1409.0191 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-26 06:52:00

Pollack's Findings About Fourth Phase of Water: TGD View

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 8 Pages.

The discovery of negatively charged exclusion zone formed in water bounded by gel phase has led Pollack to propose the notion of gel like fourth phase of water. In this article this notion is discussed in TGD framework. The proposal is that the fourth phase corresponds to negatively charged regions - exclusion zones - with size up to 100-200 microns generated when energy is fed into the water - say as radiation, in particular solar radiation. The stoichiometry of the exclusion zone is H1.5O and can be understood if every fourth proton is dark proton residing at the flux tubes of the magnetic body assignable to the exclusion zone and outside it. This leads to a model for prebiotic cell as exclusion zone. Dark protons are proposed to fork dark nuclei whose states can be grouped to groups corresponding to DNA, RNA, amino-acids, and tRNA and for which vertebrate genetic code is realized in a natural manner. The voltage associated with the system defines the analog of membrane potential, and serves as a source of metabolic energy as in the case of ordinary metabolism. The energy is liberated in a reverse phase transition in which dark protons transform to ordinary ones. Dark proton strings serve as analogs of basic biopolymers and one can imagine analog of bio-catalysis with enzymes replaced with their dark analogs. The recent discovery that metabolic cycles emerge spontaneously in absence of cell support this view.
Category: Physics of Biology

[70] viXra:1409.0185 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-26 07:03:56

TGD View About Homeopathy, Water Memory, and Evolution of Immune System

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 6 Pages.

This article represents a brief sketch of TGD based model of water memory and homeopathy as it is after two steps of progress. First one was due to Pollack's findings about exclusion zones of water explained in terms of fourth phase of water. Second step or progress was inspired by an anomaly claimed by Tajmar et al and known as strong gravimagnetism. The attempt to understand the claim led to heff = hgr=hem hypothesis unifying two TGD views about the notion of hierarchy of Planck constants proposed to characterize the phases of dark matter.

In this framework the attempt to understand homeopathy leads to additional insights about about water as living system and about prebiotic life as being based on the dark realization of genetic code realized in terms of dark proton strings which are nothing than dark variants of nuclei. Formation of exclusion zones would be formation of primitive lifeforms and primitive form of metabolism. Homeopathy could be seen as a manifestation of a fundamental form of immune system based on the recognition of invader molecules using reconnection mechanism for magnetic flux tubes and on mimicking the braiding of the magnetic bodies of invader molecules using dark variants of proteins (later proteins) and and eventually representing them symbolically in terms of dark DNA (later ordinary DNA) coding for the dark proteins. Genetic code might have geometric interpretation as coding for the 2-braiding of 3-D coordinate grids represented by magnetic flux tubes serving as the 4-D template coding not only for the structure of the organism but also its functions as spatio-temporal patterns. Protein folding would represent a behavior of protein and DNA would code also for it.
Category: Physics of Biology

[69] viXra:1409.0183 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-26 07:07:47

New Results About Microtubules as Quantum Systems

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 18 Pages.

The latest news in quantum biology is the observation by the group led by Anirban Bandyopadhyay about detection of quantum vibration in microtubule scale - their lengths vary up to 50 μm. If this observation can be replicated, one can speak about breakthrough in quantum consciousness.

The findings reported in an earlier talk of Banduopadhyay give support for the general TGD inspired view about topological quantum computation (TQC) and allow for a rather detailed model in the case of microtubules. The idea is that flux tubes form a 2-D coordinate grid consisting of parallel flux tubes in two different directions. Crossing points would be associated with tubulins and the conformational state of tubulin could define a bit coding whether the braid strands defining coordinate lines are braided or not (swap or not). In this manner any bit pattern at microtubule defines a particular TQC program. If also conformations are quantum superposed, one would have "quantum-quantum computation". It however seems that conformation change is irreversible chemical reaction so that this option is not feasible.

The TGD inspired modification of the proposal in terms of flux tube coordinate grids making possible TQC architectures with tubulin dimers defining bits defining in turn TQC program looks rather natural. Coordinate grids can be fixed on basis of the experimental findings and there are 8 of them. The interpretation is in terms of different resolutions. The grids for A and B type lattices are related by 2π twist for the second end of the basic 13-unit for microtubule. An attractive interpretation for the resonance frequencies is in terms of phase transitions between A and B type lattices. If A type lattices can be generated only in phase transitions induced by AC stimulus at resonance frequencies, one could understand their experimental absence, which is a strong objection against Penrose-Hameroff model.

TGD suggests also a generalization of the very notion of TQC to 2-braid TQC with 2-D string world sheets becoming knotted in 4-D space-time. Now qubits (or their generalizations) could correspond to states of flux tubes defining braid strands as Penrose and Hameroff seem to suggest and the emergence of MTs could be seen as an evolutionary leap due to the emergence of a new abstraction level in cognitive processing.
Category: Physics of Biology

[68] viXra:1409.0182 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-26 07:15:53

General Model for Metabolism

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 10 Pages.

The general strategy in attempts to understand metabolism is based on the assumption that a very large class of anomalous phenomena rely on same basic mechanism. This includes life as a phenomenon, water memory and homeopathy, free energy phenomena involving over-unity phenomena related to the dissociation of water, lightning and ball lightning, anomalous effects associated with rotating magnetic systems, phenomena related to UFOs (light balls), even remote mental interactions. One must have a unified explanation for all these phenomena based on a real theory. Plasmoids are TGD inspired proposal for prebiotic lifeforms and the input from anomalies related to electrolysis of water together with TGD based proposal that sequences of dark protons define dark nuclei realizing vertebrate genetic code leads to the vision that the biochemical metabolic machinery including photosynthesis has a simple analog realized in terms of "polymers" of water molecules with one dark proton with protons bound to sequence by color bonds.

The old view about the metabolic energy quanta as energies liberated as particle "drops" to a larger space-time sheet is modified. Metabolic energy quanta are liberated when the space-time sheet at which the particles reside expands in a phase transition increasing its p-adic prime and reducing the value of Planck constant correspondingly so that the net result is that the size of the space-time sheet remains the same. This condition implies a close relationship between p-adic and dark matter hierarchies. This process is automatically coherent since all particles suffer the change simultaneously. It applies also to a situation in which particles are in magnetic field: in this case the scale of cyclotron energies changes since the strength of the magnetic field is scaled down to guarantee the conservation of magnetic flux. This transition is not cyclotron transition but liberates essentially the same energy as coherent cyclotron transition so that magnetic fields (their "motor actions") become essential players also in metabolic activities.
Category: Physics of Biology

[67] viXra:1409.0021 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-04 03:08:03

EINSTEIN’S Work Explains Placebo Effect

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 3 Pages.

I’ve been doing some more thinking about the miraculous improvement in my friend Karen’s (name changed for privacy) health. This improvement – a less cautious person might even call it a cure – is a real puzzle … but a good one. The surgery she had 6 years ago, and all the chemotherapy and CT scans she’s received, have obviously been absolutely essential. I saw a TV program about Professor Ted Kaptchuk’s work with the placebo effect a few nights ago (his experiments with patients show that placebos have beneficial effects even when the placebo is known to be such) and am wondering if this twist in the placebo effect could be involved. In Karen’s case, the placebo wouldn’t be a pill or other treatment but I think it might possibly be the way she thinks. When diagnosed with a CT scan, the doctor made the seriousness of her condition very clear and said she needed emergency surgery. Karen’s mind was clear at the time and she understood everything he said. But she was really calm because she had the unmistakeable feeling that everything would be fine, even if treatment lasted years. This wasn’t just wishful thinking on Karen’s part because, in her late 40s, she had the same feeling over and over telling her that her 50s would be an extremely difficult time for her health (Karen never mentioned this to anyone before because she had enough problems without being labelled a crazy woman who believes in ESP and precognition). But I think the Theory of Everything and Einstein’s Unified Field provide a rational explanation (both of her drastic improvement and supposed precognition) if they aren’t limited to mathematics but embrace all reality, and unify everything in space and time (including Karen’s beautiful, unconventional mind) into one thing.
Category: Physics of Biology

[66] viXra:1408.0140 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-21 07:02:48

New Approaches to the Etiology, Diagnosis and Treatment of Cancer \\ Новые подходы к этиологии, диагностике и лечению рака

Authors: Mark M. Grinshtein
Comments: 10 Pages. in Russian

The present article reviews modern hypotheses for cancer cells division and provides author’s empirical data on cancer etiology detection and the mechanism of cancer cells division from the viewpoint of the information-wave medicine. \\ В статье рассмотрены современные гипотезы по механизму деления раковых клеток и приведены результаты исследований автора по выявлению этиологии рака, а так же по механизму деления раковых клеток с позиции информационно-волновой медицины.
Category: Physics of Biology

[65] viXra:1407.0177 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-23 19:51:05

Are there Favorite Foods that May Cause Cancer?

Authors: Victor Christianto
Comments: 3 Pages. This article has not been published in any journal.

Acording to an article, there are some favorite foods that may cause cancer, including but not limited to: burgers, steak, fried chicken, french fries, bacon, canned foods, etc. See for instance: http://www.healthyyounaturally.com/edu/top10foodhazards.htm Some of these harmful effects come from acrylamide, a substance that is formed during high-temperature processing of foods. According to Mathilda Bongers etc. at PlosOne journal (2012), acrylamide has correlation with cancer. So do you think, that we should take radical shifts towards avoiding these favorite foods that may cause cancer? And why are they not prohibited from our food list?
Category: Physics of Biology

[64] viXra:1404.0025 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-04 01:51:22

The Underlying Neurobiology Mechanism of Acupuncture and Moxibustion

Authors: Wan-Chung Hu
Comments: 6 Pages.

Acupuncture and moxibustion are two most important managements of traditional Chinese medicine. However, their precise scientific mechanism is still unknown. Acupuncture is usually practiced on arms with three Ying and three Yang pathways and on legs with three Ying and three Yang pathways. The Ying and Yang pathways are actually co-related with the dermatome distribution on arms and legs. The analgesic effect of acupuncture is to sharply stimulate limbs to inhibit the referred pain area in the inner organs. For examples, the inner arm Ying path: 心包經 is actually the T1 dermatome distribution. Thus, 心包經 acupuncture can control the pain in chest including lung, heart, and esophagus. The other important concept of acupuncture mechanism is it can stimulate POMC production. The neuro-endocrine POMC can generate ACTH and endorphin. ACTH will then up-regulate corticosteroid production. Thus, acupuncture also has anti-inflammatory effects such as curing allergic rhinitis. Endorphin activation can also reduce pain and produce euphoria-like feeling. Acupuncture is mediated by sharp pain via A delta fibers. A delta fiber, stimulating sympathetic acute stress response including epinephrine and norepinephrine, can compete the accompanying slow pain/inflammation transmitting c fiber. Thus, acupuncture can suppress pain and inflammation via gate-control like mechanism. Moxibustion plays the opposite role. Moxibustion produces heat sensation which transmits via c fiber. Thus, it will facilitate the host inflammatory/immune response against pathogen infection. Thus, 黃帝內經云針所不宜灸之所治. Another important mechanism for acupuncture is nerve plasticity. In stroke patients, acupuncture stimulates paralyzed limb nerve re-generation and synapse re-formation. This nerve plasticity is the same as the principle of physical rehabilitation. It is worth nothing ear acupuncture mechanism. Vagus nerve distributes in the ear chlorea. Thus, ear acupuncture can also compete the inner organ pain sensation via vagus nerve inhibition as we view ear as another dermatome of inner organ.
Category: Physics of Biology

[63] viXra:1402.0172 [pdf] submitted on 2014-02-27 11:34:36

Biological Processes Within Atmospheric Aerosols

Authors: Colin Bruce Jack
Comments: 10 Pages.

A surprisingly high fraction of sunlight is absorbed during transit of the Earth’s lower atmosphere. One third to one half of this absorption may be unexplained, referred to as the ‘atmospheric absorption anomaly’ or ‘cloud absorption paradox’. This quantity is comparable to the total amount of sunlight falling on known photosynthesising organisms.
This paper sets out the hypothesis that the anomalous absorption is a consequence of biological activity within atmospheric aerosol droplets. Bacterial spores and the recently discovered vesicles emitted in huge numbers by marine bacteria are possible candidates for growth and maybe even reproduction within such droplets. Ways in which, within a droplet, a microorganism can harvest energy while avoiding any significant UV dose are described.
While at present hypothetical, the processes described could resolve several current anomalies, including a major puzzle concerning the origin of life. Practical implications could be relevant to anthropogenic global warming, attempted geoengineering, and photosynthetic energy harvesting. The hypothesis could be tested at low cost.
Category: Physics of Biology

[62] viXra:1402.0074 [pdf] submitted on 2014-02-10 10:04:11

Cyclic Thermal Energy Harvesting By Organisms

Authors: Colin Bruce Jack
Comments: 10 Pages.

Photosynthesis requires complex chemical machinery, and converts only a few percent of incident sunlight energy to useful work. Few animals are photosynthetic. A possible alternative is to use the Carnot cycle, exploiting temperature differences. The maximum efficiency with which work can be extracted is then ~ΔT/T, where terrestrially T~300 K.
For a cold blooded animal which moves frequently between environments at significantly different temperatures, this energy can be substantial: its entire body can act as a thermal reservoir. The energy harvesting machinery might be hard to spot, much as ‘brown fat’ in human adults was overlooked until recently. It could be based on any temperature-sensitive chemical equilibrium, for example one that interacts with ATP formation.
In the temperate and tropical oceans, animals could harvest such energy very easily, by swimming repeatedly up and down through the thermocline. In so doing, they would transfer significant heat from near-surface waters to the mid-depths. Such behavior would be increasingly favored as surface waters become warmer, as has recently occurred. This could conceivably explain the recent ‘pause’ in the anthropogenic greenhouse effect.
At the origin of life, diurnal thermal harvesting by non-motile organisms could evolve far more easily than photosynthesis, and might have preceded both photosynthesis and the use of external chemical energy.
Category: Physics of Biology

[61] viXra:1402.0047 [pdf] submitted on 2014-02-07 01:56:50

The Life and Death

Authors: A.Veselov
Comments: 15 Pages.

Как любят писать, в научной литературе, энтропия – это стремление материи к хаосу. Хотя на самом деле, определение это достаточно расплывчато и малопонятно, ведь как-то нелогично назвать хаосом состояние равномерного распределения.
Category: Physics of Biology

[60] viXra:1311.0087 [pdf] submitted on 2013-11-11 16:34:27

How Can We Take the Intelligent Design People Seriously?

Authors: Remi Cornwall
Comments: 4 Pages.

In this paper, the author argues that evolution of life solely on this planet is not the general case given panspermia (even colonisation/infestation given space technology) and statistically there ought to be life in this vast universe that didn't originate on the planet it resides upon. This raises too, the not insignificant prospect, that life can even been created or genetically modified and brought to a planet, whereupon it could develop in isolation by Darwin/Wallace Laws of Evolution. Inescapably, by the possibility of Evolution giving rise to intelligent life, it must feature a component of Intelligent Design too and to deny this is ironically quasi-religious dogma.
Category: Physics of Biology

[59] viXra:1310.0188 [pdf] submitted on 2013-10-22 06:03:44

Crossing the Psycho-Physical Bridge: Elucidating the Objective Character of Experience

Authors: Richard L Amoroso
Comments: 16 Pages. Psychophysical bridging, Mind-body, Cartesian dualism, Unified field

Recalling Thomas Nagel’s discussion concerning the difficulties associated with developing a scientific explanation for the nature of experience, Nagel states that current reductionist attempts fail by filtering out any basis for consciousness and thus become meaningless since they are logically compatible with its absence. In this article we call into question the fundamental philosophy of the mind-brain identity hypothesis of Cognitive Theory: ‘What processes in the brain give rise to awareness?’ and the associated search for ‘neural correlates of consciousness’ (NCC). The proper scientific manner of posing the query should simply be ‘What processes give rise to awareness?’. We begin to formalize the Eccles psychon and summarize one of fourteen empirical protocols to test this putative model. This requires the new science of Unified Field, UF Mechanics, entailing in terms of our current stage of development operationally completed forms of quantum theory, gravitation and cosmology arising from a unique derivation of the M-Theory (string theoretic) vacuum. Until now the quest for psychophysical bridging has typically been in the arena between brain and quantum geometry; and many have wondered if contemporary science is sufficient for the task. Nagel further asks ‘what would be left if one removed the viewpoint of the subjective observer’ and then suggests ‘that the remaining properties would be the physical processes themselves or states intrinsic to the experience of awareness’. We examine a new theoretical framework for introducing the underlying physical cosmology of these noetic parameters.
Category: Physics of Biology

[58] viXra:1310.0170 [pdf] submitted on 2013-10-19 09:08:53

New Physics Suggests DARWIN’S Origin of Species is Incomplete, and that Godlike Humanity Will Emerge

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 30 Pages.

The basic outline for a different perspective on the Theory of Evolution has been described in this article. It includes many elements that the average person might call nonsense, fantasy or science fiction. I don’t want this hypothesis to be tossed in the nearest rubbish bin, so I’ll explain each element in Part 2 which proposes that the origin of life, and its evolutionary adaptations, cannot be comprehended through biology alone. Comprehension also requires physics. When contemplating the theory of evolution, people almost universally start with an error. They assume evolution belongs exclusively to the biological sciences. Upon reading the previous sentence, some people will compound that error by assuming evolution will not be addressed in terms of science by this article – but perhaps in terms of religion. To quote from the webpage offering the "$25,000 Cosmology Prize in Evolutionary Theory" (http://cosmology.com/), "Darwin evokes or praises and makes reference to the powers of "God" and the "Creator" eleven times in his famous book and repeatedly attributes natural selection to a living "spirit" and to benevolent quasi-supernatural "powers" which keep watch over the works of the "Creator," and which actively strives for the "good" and fights against the "bad;" and this may come as a surprise to those who never read his book, but it is not surprising given that Darwin trained to be a minister of religion." This article consists of 3 parts - NON-DARWINIAN ORIGINS OUTLINED, CONVERTING FANTASY AND SCIENCE FICTION INTO COSMOLOGY AND SCIENCE, and SPECULATIONS CONCERNING FUTURE HUMAN EVOLUTION (the speculation is backed up with science and references).
Category: Physics of Biology

[57] viXra:1309.0199 [pdf] submitted on 2013-09-29 18:40:32

Live of Humanity in Outer Space Without Space Suite

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 10 Pages.

The author proposes and investigates his old idea - a living human in space without the encumbrance of a complex space suit. Only in this condition can biological humanity seriously attempt to colonize space because all planets of Solar system (except the Earth) do not have suitable atmospheres. Aside from the issue of temperature, a suitable partial pressure of oxygen is lacking. In this case the main problem is how to satiate human blood with oxygen and delete carbonic acid gas (carbon dioxide). The proposed system would enable a person to function in outer space without a space suit and, for a long time, without food. That is useful also in the Earth for sustaining working men in an otherwise deadly atmosphere laden with lethal particulates (in case of nuclear, chemical or biological war), in underground confined spaces without fresh air, under water or a top high mountains above a height that can sustain respiration. Key words: Space suit, space colonization, space civilization, life on Moon, Mars and other planets, people existing in space.
Category: Physics of Biology

[56] viXra:1309.0189 [pdf] submitted on 2013-09-28 18:31:00

Human Immortality and Electronic Civilization (In Russian).Бессмертие людей и электронная цивилизация

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 130 Pages.

Бессмертие - это голубая, вековая, самая большая мечта и самое большое желание любого человека. Человек мало думает об этом пока молод, здоров и полон сил. Но когда он болен неизлечимой болезнью или стар, то у него нет большего желания и стремления как пожить еще, всеми силами оттянуть свой конец. И какой бы рай, какие бы блага на том свете не сулила нам религия, подавляющее большинство людей стремятся пробыть как можно дольше здесь на Земле, насладиться жизнью. В книге покaзaно (см. список в концe), что с точки зрeния компьютeрныx нaук чeловeк eсть биологичeский логичeский прибор для обрaботки информaции. Нaшa головa - xрaнилищe информaции, взглядов, привычeк, пaмяти и прогрaмм, нaкоплeнныx и вырaботaнныx чeловeком в тeчeнии eго жизни. Нaш мозг - логичeский прибор, пeрeрaбaтывaющий эту информaцию. Глaзa, уши, кожa и другиe оргaны чувств - дaтчики информaции об окружaющeм мирe, a руки и ноги - исполнитeльныe оргaны прикaзов нaшeго мозгa. Отсюдa срaзу слeдуeт вывод, что eсли мы нaучимся соxрaнять информaцию, нaкоплeнную и вырaботaнную чeловeком в тeчeнии eго жизни, зaписaв ee нa болee стойкиe носитeли (нaпримeр, чипы), то соxрaним eго кaк личность (душу) вeчно. Если жe снaбдим eго дaтчикaми приeмa, нe подвeргaeмой цeнзурe информaции, то позволим eму свободно рaзвивaться кaк личности. А eсли снaбдим eго исполнитeльными оргaнaми, то он получит возможность aктивно воздeйствовaть нa внeшний мир (жить вeчно). Рaсчeтaми покaзaно, что компьютeрнaя тexникa рaзвивaeтся столь стрeмитeльно, что ужe в ближaйшиe 15-30 лeт мощность и пaмять малогабаритных супeркомпьютeров срaвняeтся с мощностью и пaмятью чeловeчeского мозгa, a зaтeм достигнeт и прeвзойдeт мощность мозгов всeго чeловeчeствa. В книге покaзaно, что проблeмa бeссмeртия можeт быть рeшeнa кaрдинaльно только зaмeной биологичeской оболочки чeловeкa нa искусствeнную. Тaкой бeссмeртный чeловeк из чипов и свeрxпрочныx мaтeриaлов (или Е-сущeство, кaк он нaзвaн в книге), будeт имeть огромныe прeимущeствa пeрeд биологичeскими людьми. Он нe будeт нуждaться в пищe, жилищe, воздуxe, снe, отдыxe, экологичeски чистой окружaющeй срeдe, сможeт путeшeствовaть в космосe, по дну окeaнов бeз скaфaндров, сможeт мeнять свой облик (внeшность), облaдaть огромной силой, видeть сквозь стeны, общaться нa огромныx рaсстоянияx, в доли сeкунды прeобрeтaть (пeрeзaписывaть в свой мозг) любыe знaния. Умствeнныe eго способности возрaстут в миллионы рaз. Он получит возможность внeтeлeсного пeрeмeщeния (путeшeствий путeм тeлeпортaции) нa гигaнскиe рaсстояния (нaпримeр, нa другиe плaнeты) со свeтовой скоростью путeм пeрeдaчи лaзeрным лучом xрaнящeйся в eго мозгу информaции в aрeндовaнноe тeло нa другой плaнeтe. Это нe будут жeлeзныe нeуклюжиe роботы, кaк иx изобрaжaют в кино. Искусствeнный чeловeк сможeт выбирaть по своeму жeлaнию своe лицо, фигуру пeрвыx крaсaвцeв (крaсaвиц), имeть нeжную aтлaсную кожу, рaзмножaться (копировaть сeбя) нeогрaничeнно, минуя дeтство, отрочeство и процeсс обучeния. Болee того, тaкой искусствeнный чeловeк будeт нeуничтожaeм любым оружиeм, ибо свою копию или информaцию своeго мозгa, он можeт xрaнить отдeльно и оживить сeбя в зaдaнный момeнт врeмeни. В книге предлагается новый подход к перезаписи информации человеческого мозга в электронные чипы, который позволяет смоделировать душу человека и обеспечить его бессмертие в настоящее время, не вторгаясь в человеческий мозг и не сокращая его земную жизнь. В дaнном Сборникe собрaны нeкоторыe стaтьи, интeрвью aвторa, посвящeнныe вопросaм бeссмeртия чeловeкa, будущeго чeловeчeствa, опубликовaнныe в 1994 - 2005 гг. и дисскуссии в пeчaти, вызвaнныe появлeниeм этиx стaтeй, а тaкжe публикaции по мaтeриaлaм aвторa и отклики в широкой прeссe, посвящeнныe тeмe бeссмeртия и элeктронной цивилизaции: В сборник помeщeны оригинaльныe основныe стaтьи aвторa. Многочислeнныe публикaции, появившиeся в пeчaти, прeдстaвляют, кaк прaвило, пeрeрaботaнныe и урeзaнныe рeдaкторaми вaриaнты или искaжeнныe идeи и мысли aвторa, удобныe для критики оппонeнтом.
Category: Physics of Biology

[55] viXra:1309.0163 [pdf] submitted on 2013-09-24 04:14:10

The Unified Field and the Biofield

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 5 Pages. Also posted at my profile on www.researchgate.net

The Unified Field Theory should take into account (in addition to electromagnetic and gravitational fields) a biological field too. This is my opinion about the biofield (in two parts, emphasizing the first paragraph of part 2). Even though Einstein said one of the most important aspects of science is imagination, some impatient people will regard this article as fantasy because it does not express its conclusions as equations (which is only one aspect of maths - however, the article is built on the equations of others). Keywords – String Theory × Gravitational Waves × Unified theories × Brain × Electromagnetic Fields × Genetic Engineering × einstein × Biofield × hyperspace × Surgery × Star Trek × Resurrection × Global financial crisis × space-time colonies × Bill Gates × Time magazine × Scientific American × 3D printers × band-gap technology × "Tamara Science"
Category: Physics of Biology

[54] viXra:1309.0054 [pdf] submitted on 2013-09-09 06:29:15

Could One Find a Geometric Realization for Genetic and Memetic Codes?

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 8 Pages.

The idea that that icosahedral structures assignable to water clusters could define a geometric representation of some kind of code is very intriguing. Genetic code is of course the code that comes first in mind. The observation that the number of faces of tetrahedron (icosahedron) is 4 (20) raises the question whether genetic code might have a geometric representation. In TGD framework also a second code emerges: I have christened it memetic code. Also memetic code could have a geometric realization. Another purely TGD-based notion is that of dark DNA allowing to assign the states of dark protons with DNA,RNA, tRNA and amino-acids and to predict correctly the numbers of DNA codons coding for a given amino-acid in vertebrate genetic code. A further element is the possibility of strong gravitation in TGD Universe meaning that space-time geometry and topology can be highly non-trivial even in condensed matter length scales. These ingredients allow to imagine geometric representations of genetic and memetic code.
Category: Physics of Biology

[53] viXra:1309.0052 [pdf] submitted on 2013-09-09 06:33:10

Are Dark Photons Behind Biophotons?

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 48 Pages.

TGD approach leads to a prediction that biophotons result when dark photons with large value of effective Planck constant and large wavelength transform to ordinary photons with same energy. The collaboration with Lian Sidorov stimulated a more detailed look for what biophotons are. Also the recent progress in understanding the implications of basic vision behind TGD inspired theory of consciousness erved as an additional motivation for a complementary treatment.

  1. The anatomy of quantum jump in zero energy ontology (ZEO) allows to understand basic aspects of sensory and cognitive processing in brain without ever mentioning brain. Sensory perception - motor action cycle with motor action allowing interpretation as time reversed sensory perception reflects directly the fact that state function reductions occur alternately to the two opposite boundaries of causal diamond (which itself or rather, quantum superposition of CDs, changes in the process).
  2. Also the abstraction and de-abstraction processes in various scales which are essential for the neural processing emerge already at the level of quantum jump. The formation of associations is one aspect of abstraction since it combines different manners to experience the same object. Negentropic entanglement of two or more mental images (CDs) gives rise to rules in which superposed n-particle states correspond to instances of the rule. Tensor product formation generating negentropic entanglement between new mental images and earlier ones generates longer sequences of memory mental images and gives rise to negentropy gain generating experience of understanding, recognition, something which has positive emotional coloring. Quantum superposition of perceptively equivalent zero energy states in given resolution gives rise to averaging. Increasing the abstraction level means poorer resolution so that the insignificant details are not perceived.
  3. Various memory representations should be approximately invariant under the sequence of quantum jumps. Negentropic entanglement gives rise to this kind of stabilization. The assumption that self model is a negentropically entangled system which does not change in state function reduction, leads to a problem. If the conscious information about this kind of subself corresponds to change of negentropy in quantum jump, it seems impossible to get this information. Quite generally, if moment of consciousness corresponds to quantum jump and thus change, how it is possible to carry conscious information about quantum state? Interaction free measurement however allows to circumvent the problem: non-destructive reading of memories and future plans becomes possible in arbitrary good approximation.

    This memory reading mechanism can be formulated for both photons and photons and these two reading mechanisms could correspond to visual memories as imagination and auditory memories as internal speech. Therefore dark photons decaying to biophotons could be crucial element of imagination and the notion bio-phonon could also make sense and even follow as a prediction. This would also suggest a correlation of biophoton emission with EEG for which there is a considerable evidence. The observation that biophotons seem to be associated only with the right hemisphere suggests that at least some parts of right hemisphere prefer dark photons and are thus specialized to visual imagination: spatial relationships are the speciality of the right hemisphere. Some parts of left hemisphere at least might prefer dark phonons: left hemisphere is indeed the verbal hemisphere specialized to linear linguistic cognition.

In the sequel I shall discuss biophotons in TGD Universe as decay products of dark photons and propose among other things an explanation for the hyperbolic decay law in terms of quantum coherence and echo like mechanism guaranteing replication of memory representations. Applications to biology, neuroscience, and consciousness are discussed and also the possible role of biophotons for remote mental interactions is considered. Also evidence for biophonons (Taos hum) is discussed.
Category: Physics of Biology

[52] viXra:1309.0051 [pdf] submitted on 2013-09-09 06:34:59

"Applied Biophysics of Activated Water" and the Basic Mechanism of Water Memory in TGD Framework

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 16 Pages.

A considerable progress has occurred in the understanding of TGD inspired theory of consciousness and quantum biology during the first half of 2013. The new picture allows also much better understanding of quantum biology. The work during the first half of 2013 has allowed to develop in detail several ideas about the role of the magnetic body. Magnetic flux tubes serve as correlates for the formation of quantum coherence and directed attention. The phase transitions changing the value of heff leading to a change of flux tube length and the reconnections of the flux tubes play a key role in bio-catalysis. The dark photons propagating along MEs parallel to the flux tubes make possible resonant interactions between the entities at their ends and the proposed view about sensory, memory, and cognitive representations relies on hypothesis that the braiding of flux tubes defines negentropically entangled systems representing information which is read consciously and non-destructively in good approximation by using interaction free quantum measurements. Dark photons transform to ordinary photons in energy conserving manner and biophotons are identified as outcome of this process.

With this background one return to the old question "What is the exact mechanism of homeopathic healing?". I have considered already earlier answers to this question but they have not been completely convincing. It turns out that one manages to add the missing piece to the puzzle by making the simple question "What is the molecular cause of illness and how homeopathic remedy eliminates it?". Amusingly, I could have identified this piece for years ago but for some reason did not pose the correct question.

The resulting model of homeopathic healing is amazingly simple and at the same time a universal model of bio-catalysis. The entity mimicking the invader molecules "steals" its cyclotron frequencies by varying the thickness of magnetic flux tube and thus magnetic field strength and cyclotron frequency until reconnection with the molecule's magnetic body becomes possible and fusion to single quantum coherent system occurs. In TGD inspired theory of consciousness this process corresponds to directed attention and conscious recognition of the presence of the invader molecule. After this the mimicking entity freezes the thickness of the flux tubes in question becoming thus capable of mimicking the invader molecule and attach to the receptors of the invader molecule and steal the attention of the host organism and induce healing.

The results summarized in the book "Applied Biophysics of Activated Water" of Vysotskii et al provide a test bench for the proposal and allow to formulate it in a more detailed manner. The basic message of the book is that the activation process yields water with anomalous physical properties including water memory and having highly non-trivial - in general positive - effects on living matter. The identification of activated water as ordered water appearing in cell interior is proposed.

This and the general features of the activation process inspire the question whether the analog of the activation process might have taken place during pre-biotic evolution and generated ordered water making DNA stable. Molecular mimicry making possibly immune system would have emerged at the same step and meant also the emergence of symbolic representations. Also the pairs formed by receptor molecules and molecules attaching to them would have emerged at this crucial step when dark matter enters the game. One of they key questions is whether it is dark water molecule clusters or dark DNA that performs the mimicry of various molecules. The results of the book lend support for the model based on dark DNA.
Category: Physics of Biology

[51] viXra:1309.0048 [pdf] submitted on 2013-09-09 06:39:48

Could Photosensitive Emulsions Make Dark Matter Visible?

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 10 Pages.

The article "Possible detection of tachyon monopoles in photographic emulsions" by Keith Fredericks describes in detail very interesting observations by him and also by many other researchers about strange tracks in photographic emulsions induced by various (probably) non-biological mechanisms and also by the exposure to human hands (touching by fingertips) as in the experiments of Fredericks. That the photographic emulsion itself consists of organic matter (say gelatin) might be of significance as also the fact that practically all experimental arrangements involve di-electric breakdown (nerve pulses in the experiments of Fredericks). For particle physicist it is very difficult to accept the proposed interpretation as particle tracks and even more difficult to agree with the identification of particles as tachyonic magnetic monopoles. A more natural interpretation seems to be as "photographs" of pre-existing structures - either completely standard but not well-understood or reflecting new physics associated with the living matter. In TGD framework the identification as images of magnetic flux tubes carrying dark matter and associated with the emulsion - less probably with the source - is natural and the images would be very much analogous to those obtained by Peter Gariaev's group by illuminating DNA sample with visible light.
Category: Physics of Biology

[50] viXra:1309.0040 [pdf] submitted on 2013-09-09 03:25:31

Empirical Protocols for Mediating Long-Range Coherence in Biological Systems

Authors: Richard L Amoroso
Comments: 17 Pages. Mind-body biophysics

This work updates Bioelectrochem Bioenerg 41:1 (1996) 39-42, The production of Frӧhlich and Bose-Einstein coherent states in in vitro paracrystalline oligomers using phase control laser interferometry. Delineating the framework for a fundamental model of long-range coherence in biological systems is said to rely on principles beyond parameters addressed by current physical science. Just as phenomena of quantum mechanics lay beyond tools of classical Newtonian mechanics we must now enter a 3rd regime of unified field, UF mechanics. In this paper we present a battery of nine empirical protocols for manipulating long-range coherence in complex self-organized living systems (SOLS) in a manner surmounting the Copenhagen Interpretation of quantum uncertainty (space-quantization) thereby allowing empirical access to underlying coherent biophysical principles driving self-organization. Interestingly, while the UF is not indicative of a 5th fundamental force in the usual phenomenal sense of quantal transfer during field interactions; it does however provide an inherent ‘force of coherence’ in an energyless ontological sense by a process called ‘topological switching’ of higher dimensional (HD) brane dynamics. It is this putative inherent property that produces long-range coherence and leads to the possibility of its direct experimental mediation.
Category: Physics of Biology

[49] viXra:1309.0006 [pdf] submitted on 2013-09-02 14:44:42

Free Flow of Sweat due to Loss of Surface Tension at Sweat Droplet Causes Water-Induced Skin Wrinkling

Authors: Soumya Marasakatla, Karunakar Marasakatla
Comments: 4 Pages.

Sweat from the body is regulated by the surface tension of a sweat droplet at the pores and the pressure within the sweat duct. A sweat droplet grows in size until its surface tension and the pressure within the sweat duct are in equilibrium. When a hand is immersed in water, sweat droplets easily merge within the water, causing the pressure to drop at the pores. This in turn makes the sweat to flow freely into the water in the absence of counteracting pressure. Sweat glands produce more sweat because of the low pressure within the duct. To prevent loss of water from the body and to maintain the homeostasis, the body reacts by restricting the blood flow to the hand causing vasoconstriction and eventual wrinkling of the skin.
Category: Physics of Biology

[48] viXra:1307.0160 [pdf] submitted on 2013-07-29 07:51:18

Spirituality Food for the Unification of Bio Energy with Cosmic Energy

Authors: Acharya Sennimalai Kalimuthu
Comments: 4 Pages. Come & experience

If one wants oneness with God, enlightenment and bliss in spiritual practices, then he/ she must carry out the daily practices mentioned in this work.
Category: Physics of Biology

[47] viXra:1307.0121 [pdf] submitted on 2013-07-24 03:22:53

On Bio-Cosmic Energy and Eyes Practice

Authors: Acharya Sennimalai Kalimuthu
Comments: 3 Pages. This is NOT, Not and NOT a fiction.This experiment is for Reality.

The Unmanifested Invisible Supreme Space is the ultimate reality. It is called Brahman in Hindu philosophy. When there is a slight movement / motion in that Brahman, sound begin to originate. This sound creates PHYSICAL spacetime. Then emerges the formation of material objects. The physical spacetime has meaning if and only if there is matter. So, in a sense matter is the prime source for the properties of physical spacetime. Then this invisible Supreme space gives energy for the formation of five fundamental boothas namely soil, water, fire, air and physical space. The combination of these five boothas is the cause for all kinds of life. So, in this universe each and everything is the manifestation of energy only. The lifetron which is spinning in both clock wise and anti clock wise at the center of the bore head between the two eye brows supplies energy to the human body. When the lifetron loses its energy, then natural death occurs. If we go on filling cosmic energy in the bio energy, we can prolong human life for ever, for ever. This is not only philosophy but also science. In this work, getting cosmic energy through eyes control has been introduced.
Category: Physics of Biology

[46] viXra:1307.0092 [pdf] submitted on 2013-07-18 11:56:01

Genetic Phase Angle Distance

Authors: Daniel K. Pratt
Comments: Final draft of undergraduate thesis in Biotechnology. Includes 8 pages of Wolfram Mathematica copy/paste code to replicate the experiment. contact daniel dot k dot pratt at gmail dot com

It is hypothesized that a mapping of the biochemical properties of genetic nucleotides into the three dimensional ℝ3 Clifford algebra will yield a novel and meaningful evolutionary distance measure. The nucleotides A,T,C,G are mapped according to three biochemical properties (amino/keto, purine/pyrimidine, weak/strong), resulting in four base-vectors. A weighted linear combination of the base-vectors as codon triplets results in a "Tetrahedral Genetic Code" (TGC), where all 64 codons map to 64 unique codon-vectors in the space. Phase distance θ is measured as the angle between sequentially neighboring codon-vectors, and a sequence of codons is measured as the total path length in radians of the vector as it traverses the TGC. Angular difference Δθ is computed as the absolute value of the difference in phase θ between sequences, at homologous loci. The Genetic Phase Angle Distance (GPAD) is computed as the Δθ mean. GPAD is computed on a sample sequence matrix for 11 different species and compared side by side to the Equal-input distance and phylogenetic tree computed on that same species matrix.
Category: Physics of Biology

[45] viXra:1307.0079 [pdf] submitted on 2013-07-17 07:27:29

On Lion's Tonic

Authors: Acharya Sennimalai Kalimuthu
Comments: 3 Pages. This is for Real

From the Holy Bible we have an interesting info. that Adam lived for nine hundred and thirty years , the days of Seth were nine hundred and twelve years, Enoch’s life time was nine hundred and five years, , all the days of Cainan were nine hundred and ten years, and Mahalalel lived for eight hundred and ninety five years, [Genesis,5:5, 5:8, 5:11, 5:14 and 5:17 ] In those period, there were no pollution. In those days, there were no chemicals and fertilizers for farming. The air was pure, the water was clean. The nature was in favor of good health. But, now a days the scene is entirely different. To live for hundreds of years without any disease, a new natural medicine has been introduced.
Category: Physics of Biology

[44] viXra:1307.0076 [pdf] submitted on 2013-07-17 04:41:35

On the Unification of Bio Energy with Cosmic Energy

Authors: Acharya Sennimalai Kalimuthu
Comments: 4 Pages. This is NOT, NOT and NOT a fiction .It is indeed a biocosmic phenomenon.Motivated and devoted people are always welcome to do R & D on this topic.

Maxell unified electricity and magnetism; Abdus Salam and Steven Weinberg unified electromagnetic force with nuclear weak interaction force; Einstein unified mass and energy with his formula E = mc2 , Einstein combined space and time. Presently physicists are facing great challenges on the unification of Einstein’s general relativity with quantum mechanics. The physical interpretation of energy energy states that energy is capacity to do work. The conservation law of energy expresses that energy can neither be created nor destroyed. One form of energy can be converter in to another form. In this work, the author attempts to unify bio-energy with cosmic- energy.
Category: Physics of Biology

[43] viXra:1305.0106 [pdf] submitted on 2013-05-17 15:26:17

The Production of FRÖHLICH and Bose-Einstein Coherent States in in Vitro Paracrystaline Oligomers Using Phase Control Laser Interferometry

Authors: Richard L. Amoroso
Comments: 5 Pages.

Biophysical aspects of Frohlich coherent states and Einstein-Bose Condensates on nanoscale brain structures such as the microtubule, synaptic grid, or ion channel have been considered relevant to information processing through quasiparticle scattering as a putative foundation for a quantum theory of consciousness. Although the body of theoretical evidence for Frohlich type events in biological systems has been growing for thirty years, the highly speculative nature of this model has hindered broad acceptance in the scientific community. In this paper, as a prelude to in vivo experimentation, a theoretical model is described for creating empirically measurable coherent states in vitro microtubule and DNA Oligomers using a system of modulated tuneable-laser interferometry in resonance with an applied Frohlich frequency to drive the collective dynamics of superradiance and self-induced transparency deemed essential for Frohlich and Bose-Einstein effects in biological systems. Empirical realization of this model would open the door to experimental study of the physical parameters of consciousness.
Category: Physics of Biology

[42] viXra:1305.0105 [pdf] submitted on 2013-05-17 15:48:14

The Physical Origin of Subtle Energies: The Principle Of Self-Organization Driving Living Systems

Authors: Richard L. Amoroso, Elizabeth A. Rauscher
Comments: 23 Pages.

It has long been known that “subtle Energy” pervades the cosmos and every interstice of all forms of living systems. Until now there has never been a pragmatic scientific model of these energies that lends itself to rigorous empirical investigation. A self-organized cosmological model, called the Holographic Anthropic Multiverse (HAM), has been developed wherein a teleological action naturally arises. This new complex self-organized action principle is synonymous with the unified field sought by physicists like Einstein; that in an anthropic multiverse ‘pervades all space, gives life, is the light of the mind and the force that frames the heavens’. This action principle has broad application to fields of medicine and psychology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[41] viXra:1305.0090 [pdf] submitted on 2013-05-15 10:31:35

Empirical Mediation of the Primary Mechanism Initiating Protein Conformation in Prion Propagation

Authors: Richard L. Amoroso, Min-Ying Jacob Chu
Comments: 23 Pages.

Transmissible prion based spongiform encephalopathies propagate by conformational change of the prion’s protein, PrP structure. An experimental design, relying on the utility of a new fundamental teleological action principle inherent in the topological geometry of a covariant polarized Dirac vacuum putatively driving self-organization in all autopoietic complex living systems, is developed to elucidate the fundamental nature of this conformational change. Further, PrP propagation is considered a mechanical action that can be described by ‘interactive computational modes’ of ‘topological switching’ driven by incursive oscillations occurring in the bioenergetics of the prions physical chemistry when improperly coupled to the long-range coherence of the noetic action. The experimental apparatus, a multi-level interferometer, is designed to focus this noetic field in a manner that simulates the mechanism driving PrP conformation to pathological form.
Category: Physics of Biology

[40] viXra:1305.0051 [pdf] submitted on 2013-05-08 20:05:19

On Some Problems in a Very Basic Hosting Model in Biophysics

Authors: P. Demchenko, T. Demchenko
Comments: Pages.

Abstract. - In many biological disciplines dealing with cell structures, kinetics of enzymes or thermal adaptation, water is often implicitly treated as a stage, where all important actions are performed, but with its only passive involvement. This is not declarative but de facto view and is for sure a result of a continued specialization. Nevertheless, when one plank of the stage is bent and dancers' heels often get stuck in this place, is it any wonder that the dance looks bizarre and at times enigmatic? The paper tries to explain some reasons for this enigma, some evidences of which are also given. The feature of water itself, one more abiotic factor is taken into consideration, providing a new explanation of many known facts. The paper examines the contribution of this water's characteristic to some details of enzymes kinetics and thermal adaptation.
Category: Physics of Biology

[39] viXra:1304.0170 [pdf] submitted on 2013-04-30 09:25:39

“Shut The Front Door!”: Obviating the Challenge of Large-Scale Extra Dimensions and Psychophysical Bridging

Authors: Richard L. Amoroso
Comments: 13 Pages.

Physics has been slowly and reluctantly beginning to address the role and fundamental basis of the ‘observer’ which has until now also been considered metaphysical and beyond the mandate empirical rigor. It is suggested that the fundamental premise of the currently dominant view of ‘Cognitive Theory’ - “Mind Equals Brain” is erroneous; and the associated belief that the ‘Planck scale, ‘the so-called basement level of reality’, as an appropriate arena from which to model psycho-physical bridging is also in error. In this paper we delineate a simple, inexpensive experimental design to ‘crack the so-called cosmic egg’ thereby opening the door to largescale extra dimensions (LSXD) tantamount to the regime of the unified field and thus awareness. The methodology surmounts the quantum uncertainty principle in a manner violating Quantum Electrodynamics, (QED), a cornerstone of modern theoretical physics, by spectrographic analysis of newly theorized Tight-Bound State (TBS) Bohr orbits in ‘continuous-state’ transition frequencies of atomic hydrogen. If one wonders why QED violation in the spectra of atomic hydrogen relates to solving the mind-body (observer) problem; consider this a 1st wrench in a forthcoming tool box of Unified Field Mechanics, UF that will soon enough in retrospect cause the current tools of Classical and Quantum Mechanics to appear as stone axes. Max Planck is credited as the founder of quantum mechanics with his 1900 quantum hypothesis that energy is radiated and absorbed discretely by the formulation, E = hv. Empirically implementing this next paradigm shift utilizing parameters of the long sought associated ‘new physics’ of the 3rd regime (classicalquantum-unified) allows access to LSXD of space; thus pragmatically opening the domain of mental action for the 1st time in history. This rendering constitutes a massive paradigm shift to Unified Field Theory creating a challenge for both the writer and the reader!
Category: Physics of Biology

[38] viXra:1304.0167 [pdf] submitted on 2013-04-30 10:04:33

The Fundamental Limit and Origin of Complexity in Biological Systems: A New Model for the Origin of Life

Authors: Richard L Amoroso, Paul J Amoroso
Comments: 17 Pages.

Generally unicellular prokaryotes are considered the most fundamental form of living system. Many researchers include viruses since they commandeer cellular machinery in their replication; while others insist viruses are merely complex infective proteins. New biological principles are introduced suggesting that even the prion, the infectious protein responsible for transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, qualifies as the most fundamental form of life; and remains in general concordance with the six-point definition of living systems put forth by Humberto Maturana and his colleagues in their original characterization of living organisms as a class of complex self-organized autopoietic systems in 1974.
Category: Physics of Biology

[37] viXra:1304.0166 [pdf] submitted on 2013-04-30 10:08:13

Elucidating the Trigger of Alzheimer's Disease: A Complex Anticipatory Systems Approach

Authors: Richard L Amoroso, Paul J Amoroso
Comments: 14 Pages.

Recent discovery of ADDL protein (Amyloid β-Derived Diffusible Ligand) allows the trigger mechanism causing Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) to be described by principles of complex systems theory. This entails a teleological cosmology with inherent self-organized / anticipatory parameters introducing a life principle (élan vital) providing the action driving self-organization in autopoietic living systems. Interaction between this Noetic Field (élan vital) and brain is defined in terms of a Hamiltonian-Lagrange operator called the Noetic Effect. If mind/body interactions mediating this Noetic Effect drive the system away from equilibrium catastrophes causing protein misfolds may trigger the onset of AD. The discovery of ADDL also promises an AD vaccine.
Category: Physics of Biology

[36] viXra:1304.0073 [pdf] submitted on 2013-04-16 14:19:09

Genetic Phase Angle Distance (GPAD)

Authors: Daniel K. Pratt
Comments: 9 Pages. This is a powerpoint presentation of research/thesis for B.S. Biotechnology. An essay is forthcoming. contact: daniel dot k dot pratt at gmail dot com

It is hypothesized that a mathematical mapping of the biochemical properties of genetic nucleotides into a three dimensional vector space will yield a novel and meaningful evolutionary distance measure. The nucleotides A,T,C,G are mapped into a complex vector space according to three biochemical properties: amino/keto, purine/pyrimidine, weak/strong. This mapping is represented in Mathematica. A weighted linear combination of these base-vector triplets results in a "Tetrahedral Genetic Code" (TGC), where all 64 codons map to 64 unique vector positions in the space. Phase distance θ is measured as the angle between sequentially neighboring codon vectors, and a sequence of codons can be measured as the total path length in radians of the vector as it traverses the TGC. Angular difference Δθ is computed as the absolute value of the difference in phase θ between sequences under investigation, at homologous (aligned) genetic loci. The Genetic Phase Angle Distance (GPAD) is computed as the normalized mean Δθ over the full aligned genetic sequences for any two species. The GPAD distance measure is computed on a sample sequence matrix for 11 different species and compared side by side to the Tamura 3-parameter distance computed on that same species matrix.
Category: Physics of Biology

[35] viXra:1211.0068 [pdf] submitted on 2012-11-13 02:07:02

Some Considerations Relating to the Dynamics of Quasicrystals

Authors: Matti Pitkanen
Comments: 8 Pages.

The dynamics of quasicrystals looks to me very interesting because it shares several features of the dynamics of K\"ahler action defining the basic variational principle of classical TGD and defining the dynamics of space-ti preferred extremals of Kähler action. Magnetic body carrying dark matter is the fundamental intentional agent in TGD inspired quantum biology and the cautious proposal is that magnetic flux sheets could define the grid of 3-planes (or more general 3-surfaces) defining quasi-periodic background fields favoring 4-D quasicrystals or more general structures in TGD Universe. Also 3-D quasicrystal like structures defined by grids of planes can be considered and 4-D quasicrystal structure could represent their time evolution. Quite recently it has been reported that grids consisting of 2-D curved orthogonal surfaces characterize the architecture of neural wiring so that this hypothesis might make sense. This structure would be analogous to 2-D quasicrystal and its time evolution to 3-D quasicrystal.
Category: Physics of Biology

[34] viXra:1211.0050 [pdf] submitted on 2012-11-09 17:26:04

Do Ion Channels Spin?

Authors: Robert S. Shaw
Comments: 16 Pages.

Ionic current flowing through a membrane pore with a helical architecture may impart considerable torque to the pore structure itself. If the channel protein is free to rotate, it will spin at significant speeds. Order of magnitude estimates of possible rotation rates are presented, as well as a few arguments why such motion could improve ion transport.
Category: Physics of Biology

[33] viXra:1208.0164 [pdf] submitted on 2012-08-19 05:05:45

Quantum Model for the Direct Currents of Becker

Authors: Matti Pitkanen
Comments: 25 Pages.

Robert Becker proposed on basis of his experimental work that living matter behaves as a semiconductor in a wide range of length scales ranging from brain scale to the scale of entire body. Direct currents flowing only in preferred direction would be essential for the functioning of living manner in this framework. One of the basic ideas of TGD inspired theory of living matter is that various currents, even ionic currents, are quantal currents. The first possibility is that they are Josephson currents associated with Josephson junctions but already this assumption more or less implies also quantal versions of direct currents. TGD inspired model for nerve pulse assumed that ionic currents through the cell membrane are probably Josephson currents. If this is the case, the situation is automatically stationary and dissipation is small as various anomalies suggest. One can criticize this assumption since the Compton length of ions for the ordinary value of Planck constant is so small that magnetic flux tubes carrying the current through the membrane look rather long in this length scale. Therefore either Planck constant should be rather large or one should have a non-ohmic quantum counterpart of a direct current in the case of ions and perhaps also protons in the case of neuronal membrane: electronic and perhaps also protonic currents could be still Josephson currents. This would conform with the low dissipation rate. In the following the results related to laser induced healing, acupuncture, and DC currents are discussed first. The obvious question is whether these direct currents are actually currents and whether they could be universal in living matter. A TGD inspired model for quantal direct currents is proposed and its possible implications for the model of nerve pulse are discussed.
Category: Physics of Biology

[32] viXra:1208.0163 [pdf] submitted on 2012-08-19 05:02:18

How to Build a Quantum Computer from Magnetic Flux Tubes?

Authors: Matti Pitkanen
Comments: 6 Pages.

Magnetic flux tubes play a key role in TGD inspired model of quantum biology. Could the networks of magnetic flux tubes containing dark particles with large \hbar in macroscopic quantum states and carrying beams of dark photons define analogs of electric circuits? This would be rather cheap technology since no metal would be needed for wires. Dark photon beams would propagate along the flux tubes representing the analogs of optical cables and make possible communications with maximal signal velocity. I have actually made much more radical proposal in TGD inspired quantum biology. According to this proposal, flux tube connections are dynamical and can be changed by reconnection of two magnetic flux tubes. The signal pathways A→ C and B→ D would be transformed to signal pathways to A→ D and B→ C by reconnection. Reconnection actually represents a basic stringy vertex. The contraction of magnetic flux tubes by a phase transition changing Planck constant could be fundamental in bio-catalysis since it would allow distant molecules connected by flux tubes to find each other in the molecular crowd. DNA as a topological quantum computer is the idea that I have been developing for 5 years or so. I have concentrated on the new physics realization of braids and devoted not much thought to how the quantum computer problems might run in this framework. I was surprised to realize how little I know about what happens in even ordinary computation. Instead of going immediately to Wikipedia I take the risk of publicly making myself fool and try to use my own brain.
Category: Physics of Biology

[31] viXra:1207.0113 [pdf] submitted on 2012-07-29 16:48:15

Human Rating Requirements for Mars Missions

Authors: Gary V Stephenson
Comments: 25 Pages. Related to a presentation to the Mars Society on 4Aug2012

Abstract. Human rating requirements are explored for space systems associated with the transport of a human crew for missions to and from Mars. Human rating certification requirements guidance is given by NPR 8705.2B and broadly speaking consists of three parts: part 1, comply with human rating certification processes; part 2, comply with human rating technical requirements; and part 3, prepare and maintain a Human Rating Certification Package (HRCP) that demonstrates compliance with the first two parts. The design challenges specific to a Missions to Mars (M2M) are described and include long endurance human habitation during interplanetary (IP) space travel, with higher than usual radiation exposure and lower than usual gravitation exposure, crew control requirements with expanded need for autonomous operations and control and operator situational awareness, and contingency operations for survivability. Due to the extreme physical isolation of the crew during missions to Mars there will be the need to trade lifeboat options with in situ survivability options in the case of contingency operations. These human rating challenges are placed in the context of the design development of mission equipment needed for a Mission to Mars. It is assumed that the M2M equipment suite can be divided into four distinct systems, all of which will require human rating: a launch and LEO operations vehicle, a transhab vehicle for IP travel, a Martian orbital operations vehicle, and a Martian surface habitat. A methodology for flowing human rating requirements to each of these systems is identified and outlined. Keywords: Human, Rating, Requirements, Certification, NASA, Standards. PACS: 96.30.Gc, 96.30.Hf, 96.55.+z, 91.62.Fc
Category: Physics of Biology

[30] viXra:1207.0004 [pdf] submitted on 2012-07-01 22:12:10

TGD View about Living Matter and Remote Mental Interactions

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 402 Pages.

The book is intended to be a concise summary about the applications of TGD in consciousness theory, living matter, and remote mental interactions. The book begins with a very concise summary about TGD in the hope that it might help the mathematically oriented reader to gain an overall view: the notion of many-sheeted space-time and topological field quantization are of special importance for understanding biology in TGD Universe.

Quantum jump identified as moment of consciousness, the notion of self reducing to that of quantum jump, Negentropy Maximization Principle (NMP), zero energy ontology (ZEO), and the new view about relationship between subjective and experienced time are essential pieces of the vision. The identification of p-adic physics as correlate for cognition, the view about life as something in the intersection of real and p-adic worlds -matter and cognition - , and the notion of number theoretic negentropy are central in biological applications.

Magnetic body carrying dark matter and forming an onion-like structure with layers characterized by large values of Planck constant is a key concept of TGD inspired biology. Magnetic body is identified as intentional agent using biological body as sensory receptor and motor instrument. The role of magnetic body in various biological functions, and the new view about metabolism and its relationship to the generation of negentropic entanglement are discussed.

The applications to neuroscience are touched. The general model for the sensory qualia and for generation of attention and qualia leads to a view resembling the Orch OR of Penrose and Hameroff. Models for nerve pulse generation and EEG - or rather a fractal hierarchy of XEGs generalizing it serving as a communication tool in commutations between biological body and magnetic body - are proposed.

The mechanisms making possible for the magnetic body to control and receive sensory information from biological body apply can be regarded as those for remote mental interactions. Therefore also remote mental interactions are briefly considered in the proposed conceptual framework. Also tests for the general vision are also considered.
Category: Physics of Biology

[29] viXra:1203.0046 [pdf] submitted on 2012-03-13 14:49:49

Darwinian Model of Evolution

Authors: Dalius Balciunas
Comments: 7 pages

The remarkable feature of life is its ability to self-reproduce. Self-replicating systems fit in naturally with Darwin's evolution scheme. However, I argue here that what Darwin thought was natural selection driven by the struggle for existence is indeed a manifestation of the zeroth law of thermodynamics. When this law is applied to competing self-replicating entities biological evolution appears to be a spontaneous process.
Category: Physics of Biology

[28] viXra:1202.0073 [pdf] submitted on 2012-02-22 16:02:19

Transmission of DNA Genetic Information into Water by means of Electromagnetic Fields of Extremely-low Frequencies

Authors: Fran De Aquino
Comments: 6 Pages.

Recently it was experimentally shown that the DNA genetic information can be transmitted into water when the DNA and the water are subjected jointly to an electromagnetic field with 7Hz frequency. As announced, the reported phenomenon could allow developing highly sensitive detection systems for chronic bacterial and viral infections. Here, it is shown a possible explanation for the phenomenon based on the recent framework of Quantum Gravity. It is shown that, if volume of water with a DNA molecule is placed near another volume of pure water, and the gravitational masses of the two water volumes are simultaneously reduced to values in the range + 0.159mi0 to  0.159mi0, by means of electromagnetic fields of extremely-low frequency (ELF), then the DNA genetic information are transmitted to pure water, imprinting onto it the structure of the DNA molecule. After several hours, as final result, a replication of the DNA can arise in the pure water.
Category: Physics of Biology

[27] viXra:1202.0017 [pdf] submitted on 2012-02-07 13:51:08

Bioelectromagnetic Phenomena Are Affected by Aggregates of Many Radio-Frequency Photons

Authors: Michael Peleg
Comments: 12 Pages. This is the full paper version of the presentation at the International Conference on Enviromental Indicators (ISEI 2011), 11 to 14 Sept. 2011 in Haifa , Israel

This paper addresses the argument stating that since the energy of a single Radio Frequency (RF) photon is extremely small it cannot influence matter significantly and therefore RF radiation cannot cause cancer. The argument is shown to be wrong since most known phenomena and uses of RF radiation involve many photons acting in unison. For example, in a particle accelerator, a multitude of RF photons act simultaneously on a single elementary charged particle. We show that his holds for particle physics, capacitors, fluorescent tubes, radio communications, RADAR and living tissues. These phenomena are best treated in most cases by considering RF radiation as a wave phenomenon. On the other hand the possibility of a single RF photon per molecule producing a biological effect also cannot be ruled out.
Category: Physics of Biology

[26] viXra:1201.0121 [pdf] submitted on 2012-01-31 00:13:05

TGD Based View about Classical Fields in Relation to Consciousness Theory and Quantum Biology

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 18 Pages.

In TGD Universe gauge fields are replaced with topological field quanta. Examples are topological light rays, magnetic/electric flux tubes and sheets, and flux quanta carrying both magnetic and electric fields. Flux quanta form a fractal hierarchy in the sense that there are flux quanta inside flux quanta. It is natural to assume quantization of Kähler magnetic flux. Braiding and reconnection are the basic topological operations for flux quanta. The basic question is how the basic notions assigned with the classical gauge and gravitational fields understood in standard sense generalize in TGD framework.

  1. Superposition and interference of the classical fields is very natural in Maxwell electrodynamics and certainly experimentally verified phenomena. Also the notion of hologram relies crucially on the notion of interference. How can one describe the effects explained in terms of superposition of fields in a situation in which the theory is extremely non-linear and all classical gauge fields are expressible in terms of CP_2 coordinates and their gradients? It is also rather clear that the preferred extremals for Kähler action decompose to space-time regions representing space-time correlates for quanta. The superposition of classical fields in Maxwellian sense is impossible. How can one cope with this situation? The answer is based on simple observation: only the {\it effects} of the classical fields superpose. There is no need for the fields to superpose. Together with the notion of many-sheeted space-time this leads to elegant description of interference effects without any need to assume that linearization is a good approximation.
  2. Topological quantization brings in also braiding and reconnection of magnetic flux tubes as basic operations for classical fields. These operations for flux tubes have also Maxwellian counterparts at the level of field lines. Braiding and reconnection are in a central role in TGD Universe and especially so in in TGD inspired theory of consciousness and quantum biology. The challenge is to build a coherent overall phenomenological view about the role of topologically quantized classical fields in biology and neuroscience. For instance, one can ask what is the precise formulation for the notion of conscious hologram and whether magnetic flux tubes could serve as correlates of entanglement (or at least negentropic entanglement suggested by the number theoretic vision and identified as a basic signature of living matter).
  3. Topological quantization and the notion of magnetic body are especially important in TGD inspired model of EEG. The attempt to understand the findings of Persinger from the study of what is known as God helmet leads to a considerable progress in the understanding the possible role of topologically quantized classical fields in biology and neuro-science.

Category: Physics of Biology

[25] viXra:1112.0057 [pdf] submitted on 2011-12-19 14:12:51

Surmounting the Cartesian Cut: Klein Bottle Logophysics, the Dirac Algebra and the Genetic Code

Authors: Diego Lucio Rapoport
Comments: 22 Pages.

We reintroduce the Klein Bottle (KB) logophysics at the foundations of the unification of quantum geometry, cell biology, embryology and evolution, to extend it to the genetic code and allosteric recognition. We find that the genetic code has three possible fractal topologies: two different families of KBs embedded in HyperKBs, or still a 2-torus, depending which pair of three subalphabets for the genetic “letters” is chosen; this does not require the double helix. We complete the genetic codification of embryological differentiation introduced in an accompanying article. We discuss the Hadamard-KB representation of this codification and discuss its robustness and that of embryological development with respect to environmental noise. We discuss this KB codification of the 64 codons with its isomorphic representation in terms of the Dirac Algebra (DA) of Quantum Mechanics, in the Nilpotent Universal Computational Rewrite System (NUCRS), a self-referential syntax that generates much of mathematics and the fundamental symmetries of physics. We show that the double helix can be obtained from the duplication of the KB associated with the bistable perception of the tetrahedron representation of the four genetic letters. The DA and its double tetrahedron codification in NUCRS is found to be associated with a pair of superposed KBs, yielding the double 3D (space and momentum) space of physics, and the double helix of DNA, which thus appears related to a pair of KBs, being the case that only one is necessary to construct the genome. We show that the depth-time variable of visual perception materializes as space Thus, the DA is derivable from two KBs, and the purported dualism of physics as presented in NUCRS, is rendered to be based in the non-dualistic KBL. We discuss the relations with a theory of evolutions, and between biological periodicities and the KB of the Mendeleev table (Boeyens). We present relations between metacognition and the HyperKlein Bottle, and evolution in terms of time waves defining in toto the different structures. We present rudiments of the ontoepistemology of the Hyper KB Logic, its relations with the anthropic principles and the universal physical constants, which are found to be contextual.
Category: Physics of Biology

[24] viXra:1112.0056 [pdf] submitted on 2011-12-19 14:15:38

On the Fusion of Physics and Klein Bottle Logic in Biology, Embryogenesis and Evolution

Authors: Diego Lucio Rapoport
Comments: 20 Pages.

We introduce a new paradigm for embryological differentiation with its relations to the genome and evolution, in terms of the fusion of logic and physics: logophysics (LGP), associated to the ontology and epistemology of the Klein Bottle (KB). We introduce LGP through the subversion of the fixed dualistic categories of exterior and interior, basis for much of science, in terms of the eversion: turning inside-out of the two dimensional elastic sphere (ovum), which is the actual case. We propose bauplans unfolding from a 6d space in which time waves manifest through torsion fields in real space and in which the eversion is mediated by KBs. We present the torsion geometry, quantum and elastodynamical, of self-referential biology. We apply this to the problem of the physics of embryological differentiation in terms of quantum torsion-elastodynamics waves and the light tensegrity of the cell. We associate it with a topological transformation which extends the proposal by Maxwell and Poynting, founders of electromagnetics, for the interaction of the inanimate and animate worlds. We present a new conception of the world in terms of time waves and the KB, that appears in the natural number system, in cosmology, in vision recognition, in the topographic map of the sensorium, in the periodic table of elements, the genome, etc. We surmount the ancient problem of what life is, providing a LGP basis for both the inanimate and animate realms.
Category: Physics of Biology

[23] viXra:1112.0032 [pdf] submitted on 2011-12-08 12:31:15

A Thermodynamic Perspective on the Interaction of Radio Frequency Radiation with Living Tissue

Authors: Michael Peleg
Comments: 8 Pages.

The existence of biological effects of radio frequency (RF) radiation on living tissue is well established, including also effects which are not caused by plain warming. Still the exact mechanisms of interaction between the RF radiation and the living tissue are mostly unknown. In this work a thermodynamic perspective relevant to some aspects of those yet unknown mechanisms is presented. This perspective reveals that living tissue under RF radiation should not be assumed to be in thermal equilibrium since it is governed by two temperatures: The ambient temperature of its surroundings and a vastly higher temperature TR which is assigned by certain criteria to the RF radiation. The criteria presented here to determine the radiation temperature TR are not unique and other approaches may lead to different temperature values, however TR as presented here has an interesting physical significance. The possible relevance of this approach to the interaction mechanisms is presented.
Category: Physics of Biology

[22] viXra:1111.0115 [pdf] submitted on 1 Nov 2011

Sheldrake's Morphic Fields and TGD View about Quantum Biology

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 11 Pages.

This article is inspired by the study of two books of Rupert Sheldrake. What makes the study of the books of Sheldrake so rewarding is that Sheldrake starts from problems of the existing paradigm, analyzes them thoroughly, and proposes solutions in the framework provided by his vision. There is no need to accept Sheldrake′s views, just the reading of his arguments teaches a lot about the fundamental ideas and dogmas underlying recent day biology and forces the reader to realize how little we really know - not only about biology but even about so called established areas of physics such as condensed matter physics. These books are precious gems for anyone trying to build overall view.

The idea that Nature would have habits just as we do is probably one of those aspects in Sheldrake's work, which generate most irritation in physicalists believing that Nature is governed by deterministic laws with classical determinism replaced with quantum statistical determinism. Sheldrake is one of those very few scientists able to see the reality rather than only the model of reality. Morphic resonance would make possible to establish the habits of Nature and the past would determine to high extent the present but on organic manner and in totally different sense as in the world of physicalist.

In this article I propose an interpretation for the vision of Sheldrake based on zero energy ontology and TGD based view about geometric time and experienced time forcing to accept the notions of 4-dimensional brain and society. In this framework the problem is to understand why our sensory perception is 3-dimensional whereas the standard problems related to memory disappear since memory corresponds to 4-D aspects of perception and of conscious experience and memory storage is 4-dimensional. The vision about gene expression as something to some extend analogous to a democratic decision of 4-D society looks rather natural in this framework and would explain some still poorly understood aspects of gene expression known from the days of Mendel. Therefore the term ″the prence of the past″ appearing in the title of one of Sheldrake's books has quite a concrete meaning in TGD Universe. This article is inspired by the study of two books of Rupert Sheldrake. What makes the study of the books of Sheldrake so rewarding is that Sheldrake starts from problems of the existing paradigm, analyzes them thoroughly, and proposes solutions in the framework provided by his vision. There is no need to accept Sheldrake′s views, just the reading of his arguments teaches a lot about the fundamental ideas and dogmas underlying recent day biology and forces the reader to realize how little we really know - not only about biology but even about so called established areas of physics such as condensed matter physics. These books are precious gems for anyone trying to build overall view.

The idea that Nature would have habits just as we do is probably one of those aspects in Sheldrake's work, which generate most irritation in physicalists believing that Nature is governed by deterministic laws with classical determinism replaced with quantum statistical determinism. Sheldrake is one of those very few scientists able to see the reality rather than only the model of reality. Morphic resonance would make possible to establish the habits of Nature and the past would determine to high extent the present but on organic manner and in totally different sense as in the world of physicalist.

In this article I propose an interpretation for the vision of Sheldrake based on zero energy ontology and TGD based view about geometric time and experienced time forcing to accept the notions of 4-dimensional brain and society. In this framework the problem is to understand why our sensory perception is 3-dimensional whereas the standard problems related to memory disappear since memory corresponds to 4-D aspects of perception and of conscious experience and memory storage is 4-dimensional. The vision about gene expression as something to some extend analogous to a democratic decision of 4-D society looks rather natural in this framework and would explain some still poorly understood aspects of gene expression known from the days of Mendel. Therefore the term ″the prence of the past″ appearing in the title of one of Sheldrake's books has quite a concrete meaning in TGD Universe.


Category: Physics of Biology

[21] viXra:1111.0114 [pdf] submitted on 1 Nov 2011

Quantum Model for Remote Replication

Authors: Matti Pitkänen, Peter Gariaev
Comments: 10 Pages.

A model for remote replication of DNA is proposed. The motivating experimental discoveries are phantom DNA, the evidence for remote gene activation by scattered laser light from similar genome, and the recent findings of Montagnier's and Gariaev's groups suggesting remote DNA replication.

Phantom DNA is identified as dark nucleon sequences predicted by quantum TGD with dark nucleons defining naturally the analogs of DNA, RNA, tRNA, and amino-acids and realization of vertebrate genetic code. The notion of magnetic body defining a hierarchy of flux quanta realize as flux tubes connecting DNA nucleotides contained inside flux tubes connecting DNA codons and a condensed at flux sheets connecting DNA strands is an essential element of the model. Dark photons with large value of Planck constant coming as integer multiple of ordinary Planck constant propagate along flux quanta connecting biomolecules: this realizes the idea about wave DNA. Biomolecules act as quantum antennas and those with common antenna frequencies interact resonantly.

Biomolecules interacting strongly - in particular DNA nucleotides- would be characterized by same frequency. An additional coding is needed to distinguish between nucleotides: in the model for DNA as topological quantum computer quarks (u,d) and their antiquarks would code for the nucleotides A,T,C, and G would take care of this. The proposed role of quarks in biophysics of course makes sense only if one accepts the new physics predicted by quantum TGD. DNA codons (nucleotide triplets) would be coded by different frequencies which correspond to different values of Planck constant for photons with same photon energy propagating along corresponding flux tubes. This allows to interpret the previously proposed TGD based realization of so called divisor code proposed by Khrennikov and Nilsson in terms of quantum antenna mechanism.

In this framework the remote replication of DNA can be understood. DNA nucleotides interact resonantly with DNA strand and attach to the ends of the flux tubes emerging from DNA strand and organized on 2-D flux sheets. In Montagnier's experiment the interaction between test tubes A and B would be mediated by dark photons between DNA and dark nucleon sequences and amplify the dark photon beam, which in turn would induce remote replication. In the experiment of Gariaev scattered laser light would help to achieve the same purpose. Dark nucleon sequences would be generated in Montagnier's experiment by the homeopathic treatment of the test tube B.

Dark nucleon sequences could characterize the magnetic body of any polar molecule in water and give it a "name" written in terms of genetic codons so that genetic code would be much more general than usually thought. The dark nucleon sequence would be most naturally assigned with the hydrogen bonds between the molecule and the surrounding ordered water being perhaps generated when this layer of ordered water melts as the molecule becomes biologically active. Water memory and the basic mechanism of homeopathy would be due to the "dropping" of the magnetic bodies of polar molecules as the water is treated homeopathically and the dark nucleon sequences could define an independent life form evolving during the sequence of repeated dilutions and mechanical agitations taking the role environmental catastrophes as driving force of evolution. The association of DNA, RNA and amino-acid sequences associated with the corresponding dark nucleon sequences would be automatic since also also they are polar molecules surrounded by ordered water layers.

The transcription of the dark nucleon sequences associated the with the polar invader molecule to ordinary DNA sequences in turn coding of proteins attaching to the invader molecules by the quantum antenna mechanism could define the basic mechanism for functioning and evolution of the immune system.


Category: Physics of Biology

[20] viXra:1111.0110 [pdf] submitted on 1 Nov 2011

Oil Droplets as a Primitive Life Form?

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 12 Pages.

The origin of life is one the most fascinating problems of biology. The classic Miller-Urey experiment was carried out almost 60 years ago. In the experiment sparks were shot through primordial atmosphere consisting of methane, ammonia, hydrogen and water and the outcome was many of the aminoacids essential for life. The findings raised the optimism that the key to the understanding of the origins of life. After the death of Miller 2007 scientists re-examined sealed test tubes from the experiment using modern methods found that well over 20 aminoacids-more than the 20 occurring in life- were produced in the experiments.

The Urey-Miller experiments have yielded also another surprise: the black tar consisting mostly of hydrogen cyanide polymer produced in the experiments has turned out to be much more interesting than originally thought and suggests a direction where the candidates for precursors of living cells might be found. In earlier experiments nitrobenzene droplets doped with oleic anhydride exhibited some signatures of life. The droplets were capable to metabolism using oleic anhydride as ″fuel″ making for the droplet to move. Droplets can move along chemical gradients, sense each other′s presence and react to it and have also demonstrated rudimentary memory. Droplets can even ″solve″ a maze having ″food″ at its other end.

The basic objection against identification as primitive life form is that droplets have no genetic code and do not replicate. The model for dark nucleons however predicts that the states of nucleon are in one-one correspondence with DNA, RNA, tRNA, and aminoacid molecule and that vertebrate genetic code is naturally realized. The question is whether the realization of the genetic code in terms of dark nuclear strings might provide the system with genetic code and whether the replication could occur at the level of dark nucleon strings. In this article a model for oil droplets as a primitive life form is developed on basis of TGD inspired quantum model of biology. In particular, a proposal for how dark genes could couple to chemistry of oil droplets is developed.


Category: Physics of Biology

[19] viXra:1111.0109 [pdf] submitted on 1 Nov 2011

Generalization of Thermodynamics Allowing Negentropic Entanglement and a Model for Conscious Information Processing

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 11 Pages.

Costa de Beauregard considers a model for information processing by a computer based on an analogy with Carnot's heat engine. As such the model Beauregard for computer does not look convincing as a model for what happens in biological information processing.

Combined with TGD based vision about living matter, the model however inspires a model for how conscious information is generated and how the second law of thermodynamics must be modified in TGD framework. The basic formulas of thermodynamics remain as such since the modification means only the replacement S→ S-N, where S is thermodynamical entropy and N the negentropy associated with negentropic entanglement. This allows to circumvent the basic objections against the application of Beauregard's model to living systems. One can also understand why living matter is so effective entropy producer as compared to inanimate matter and also the characteristic decomposition of living systems to highly negentropic and entropic parts as a consequence of generalized second law.


Category: Physics of Biology

[18] viXra:1111.0108 [pdf] submitted on 1 Nov 2011

DNA Waves and Water

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 11 Pages.

The group of HIV Nobelist L. Montagnier has published two articles challenging the standard views about genetic code and providing strong support for the notion of water memory. Already the results of the first article suggested implicitly the existence of a new kind nano-scale representation of genetic code and the the recent article makes this claim explicitly. The TGD based model for the findings was based on the notion of magnetic body representing biologi- cally relevant aspects of molecules in terms of cyclotron frequencies. The model involved also the realization of genetic code using electromagnetic field patterns and as dark nucleon strings and led to a proposal that the analogs of trancription and translation are realized for the dark variants of DNA, RNA, tRNa, and aminoacids represented in terms of dark nucleon strings. Also processes transcribing ordinary and dark variants of the biomolecules to each other were proposed. This would make possible R&D-like controlled evolution based on experimentation using dark representations of biomoleculesd defining kind of virtual world.

The recent findings of the group of Montagnier allow a more detailed formulation of the model and suggest a general mechanism for generalized transcription and translation processes based on the reconnection of magnetic flux tubes between the molecules in question. A new element is the proposed role of ordered water and hydrogen bonds in the formation of water memories. These representation would result from the dropping of the magnetic bodies of molecules as the hydrogen bonds connecting the molecule to water molecules of the ordered water layer around it-analogous to ice layer- are split during the mechanical agitation. A similar process occurs quite generally when external energy feed excites the resting state of cell and induces protein folding and its reversal and the formation of protein aggregates. Good metaphors for resting state and excited states are cellular winter and summer. The necessity of a repeated dilution and mechanical agitation could be understood if agitation provides metabolic energy for the replication of the magnetic bodies filling the diluted water volume and gives rise to a series of "environmental catastrophes" inducing evolutionary leaps increasing the typical value of Planck constant associated with the magnetic bodies until the energy E = hf of 7 Hz dark photons exceeds the thermal energy at room temperature.


Category: Physics of Biology

[17] viXra:1111.0107 [pdf] submitted on 1 Nov 2011

Model for the Findings about Hologram Generating Properties of DNA

Authors: Peter Gariaev, Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 27 Pages.

A TGD inspired model for the strange replica structures observed when DNA sample is radiated by red, IR, and UV light using two methods by Peter Gariaev and collaborators. The first method produces what is tentatively interpreted as replica images of either DNA sample or of five red lamps used to irradiate the sample. Second method produce replica image of environment with replication in horizontal direction but only at the right hand side of the apparatus. Also a white phantom variant of the replica trajectory observed in the first experiment is observed and has in vertical direction the size scale of the apparatus.

p> The model is developed in order to explain the characteristic features of the replica patterns. The basic notions are magnetic body, massless extremal (topological light ray), the existence of Bose-Einstein condensates of Cooper pairs at magnetic flux tubes, and dark photons with large value of Planck constant for which macroscopic quantum coherence is possible. The hypothesis is that the first method makes part of the magnetic body of DNA sample visible whereas method II would produce replica hologram of environment using dark photons and produce also a phantom image of the magnetic tubes becoming visible by method I. Replicas would result as mirror hall effect in the sense that the dark photons would move back and forth between the part of magnetic body becoming visible by method I and serving as a mirror and the objects of environment serving also as mirrors. What is however required is that not only the outer boundaries of objects visible via ordinary reflection act as mirrors but also the parts of the outer boundary not usually visible perform mirror function so that an essentially 3-D vision providing information about the geometry of the entire object would be in question. Many-sheeted space-time allows this.

The presence of the hologram image for method II requires the self-sustainment of the reference beam only whereas the presence of phantom DNA image for method I requires the self-sustainment of both beams. Non-linear dynamics for the energy feed from DNA to the magnetic body could make possible self-sustainment for both beams simultaneously. Non-linear dynamics for beams themselves could allow for the self-sustainment of reference beam and/or reflected beam. The latter option is favored by data.


Category: Physics of Biology

[16] viXra:1102.0023 [pdf] submitted on 15 Feb 2011

Heating by Cooling

Authors: Ron Bourgoin
Comments: 3 pages.

When a body is quickly cooled by thrusting it in a very cold medium, does its internal temperature go up? We examine the case of a heatstroke patient thrust in ice-water to lower his or her temperature. Recent research in photon science suggests that core temperature increases.
Category: Physics of Biology

[15] viXra:1101.0056 [pdf] submitted on 17 Jan 2011

de Broglie Matter Waves and the Evolution of Consciousness

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 2 pages

In 1923 Louis de Broglie introduced the notion of matter waves, the particle-wave duality of matter which is the reciprocal extension of the notion of the particle-wave duality of light. The wave nature of matter is evidently a "memory" of its origin in light, much as the particle aspect of light suggests its capacity to create matter. Such dualities are part of the connective tissue of the Cosmos and its two principle energy forms, light and matter (free and bound electromagnetic energy). The less massive the particle, the more strongly is its wave nature expressed. The wave nature of the tiny electron is very pronounced, as is famously demonstrated by the interference phenomena of the canonical 2-slit experiment of quantum mechanics. In the extreme case of neutrinos, which apparently have almost no mass, their wave nature completely dominates their particle nature. However, as particles become heavier and more massive, their wave nature becomes rapidly overwhelmed, until for ordinary macroscopic masses to which we are sensible it is completely obscured.
Category: Physics of Biology

[14] viXra:1002.0011 [pdf] submitted on 9 Feb 2010

What I Was Doing When I Was Einstein's Age of Discovery

Authors: David Martin Degner
Comments: 37 pages

AWhen I was in my twenties I worked on the problem: What is Life? In 1980/81 I was a research associate in molecular genetics at the University of California at Berkeley working for a professor in bacteriology. I wrote for the professor a 57 legal sized page, hand written and unedited essay in the form of a sequence of 72 questions and answers that focused on Gram (+) prokaryotic cells, the hydrogen of biology. The professor failed to comment or ask a single question. Back then I was into equilibrium and non-equilibrium thermodynamics, reversible and irreversible processes, chemical interactions and kinetics, static and dynamic phase organization, mass/energy and information flow, information definition and information processing, and modeling biological cells as chemical computers, i.e. Turing machines. I've faithfully transcribed that unedited sequence of questions and answers here. It's at times quite tedious and there were some major errors but there also is some really good science. There is always chaos embedded in new work. This is a qualitative, phenomenological model of the central processing unit of the prokaryotic cell that is the first step in obtaining a fully quantitative model for biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[13] viXra:1001.0040 [pdf] submitted on 27 Jan 2010

What is Life?

Authors: David Martin Degner
Comments: 12 pages

A static and dynamic physical model is presented for the Gram (+) prokaryotic cell, the hydrogen of biology. It is discovered that cells are chemical computers and the fundamental Turing machine architecture of biology is laid out.
Category: Physics of Biology

[12] viXra:0912.0022 [pdf] submitted on 8 Dec 2009

Teilhard de Chardin - Prophet of the Information Age

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 9 pages. This paper has also been published as a Google "Knol".

Teilhard de Chardin's notions of the "Noosphere" and the "Omega Point" are explored in the context of current knowledge and theory, especially J.E. Lovelock's conception of "Gaia" - planet Earth as a superorganism. Space-faring humans are seen as the "seeds" or dispersal agents of Gaia's reproductive phase, carrying Earth-life into the Galaxy. "Noah's Ark" is a vision of the future, not the past.
Category: Physics of Biology

[11] viXra:0912.0021 [pdf] submitted on 8 Dec 2009

The Fractal Organization of Nature

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 13 pages. This paper has also been published as a Google "Knol".

A General Systems model of the Universe is presented, based on a fractal paradigm. A 4x3 "metric" or fractal algorithm is proposed as the organizing principle of the Microphysical, Biophysical, Astrophysical, and Metaphysical realms. The algorithm is expressed through the conservation laws and forces of physics, the families of elementary particles, the dimensions of spacetime, the quantum rules of atomic order, the structure of baryons, alpha particles, carbon atoms, carbon's molecular and crystal bonds, DNA, the genetic code, gravitation, and the nucleosynthetic pathway of stars. The human mind has discovered this order both intuitively and rationally, where it finds expression in the 4x3 (and 4x4) patterns of mythological, occult, religious, philosophical, and scientific "world systems" and cosmologies. A general model of the human "metaphysical realm", and a model of the unified field theory are presented as examples of how the fractal algorithm may be used in system modeling. In its most general form, the 4-part algorithm consists of an input of energy, followed by two complementary conservation modes, concluding with a restorative force which either returns the system to its original state, or elevates it to a "harmonic complexion" or resonant analog of the original state (the various levels of the model
Category: Physics of Biology

[10] viXra:0911.0052 [pdf] submitted on 18 Nov 2009

Section 12: Man's Role in Nature

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 4 pages, This paper has also been published as a Google "Knol".

Man's role in nature seems to divide naturally in two parts: 1) the dispersal of Earth-Life into the galaxy; 2) the enhancement and development of the self-awareness and creativity of the Cosmos. Humanity is, in the first instance, the practical, scientific tool of Gaia, or Mother Earth, evolved as her reproductive agent; and in the second instance, humanity is the perceptual or intelectual tool of the Cosmos, evolved to carry the intelligence and self-awareness of the Cosmos, the agent by which the Cosmos explores, understands, and appreciates itself, including exploring new modes of creativity. Our native spiritual awareness appears to be our intuitive recognition of this cosmic connection. The first role is Earth-oriented, manifesting socially as Science; the second role is Universe-oriented, manifesting socially as Art and Religion, in all their forms. It should be obvious that the first role is in no way intrinsically at odds with the second.
Category: Physics of Biology

[9] viXra:0911.0047 [pdf] submitted on 16 Nov 2009

Section 8: General Systems, Complex Systems

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 9 pages, This paper has also been published as a Google "Knol".

General Systems, as I use the term, denotes a repeating pattern of natural organization - a fractal algorithm or ordering principle in the Cosmos. While not enforced with the same stringency as a natural law (such as energy conservation), the pattern-forming impulse is nevertheless all-pervasive in nature and seems to proceed from such fundamental principles as resonance and the pathway of least energy or least resistance. It is just simpler, more efficient, and takes less energy to create a universe using self-similar repeating patterns than following any other plan. The "Tetrahedron Model" of cosmic order presents a General System based on a 4x3 universal fractal algorithm.
Category: Physics of Biology

[8] viXra:0910.0063 [pdf] submitted on 29 Oct 2009

The Human Connection

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 12 pages, This paper has also been published as a Google "Knol".

I discuss some specifically human (meta-physical) connections with the Cosmos. Life is the information pathway by which the universe awakens to and explores itself; humans are (locally) the most advanced expression of this evolving cosmic self-awareness and consciousness. Human life is significant to the extent it enriches the self-awareness, knowledge, creativity, general and personalized experience of the Cosmos.
Category: Physics of Biology

[7] viXra:0910.0025 [pdf] submitted on 15 Oct 2009

The Information Pathway

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 18 pages, This paper has also been published as a Google "Knol".

The Fractal Organization of Nature is seen as an information pathway whereby the Universe becomes selfaware through the spiritual awakening of humanity. The natural hierarchy is modeled as a sort of "Jacob's ladder" whereby Homo sapiens ascends to the astrophysical realm, realizing our destiny as galactic citizens, and dispersing Earth-life into the Cosmos.
Category: Physics of Biology

[6] viXra:0909.0053 [pdf] submitted on 28 Sep 2009

Electro Mechanical Contributions to Low Frequency Dielectric Responses of Biological Cells in Colloidal Suspension

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: 18 pages. Part of a different analogy to bio phyics dielectric constants explored by the author with Dr. Patrick Xie and Dr. James Claycomb at the Texas center for super conductivity, Houston, Texas, in early 2002.

We investigate electro-mechanical contributions to the low frequency dielectric response of biological cells in colloidal suspension. Prior simulations of biological cells in colloidal suspension yield maximum dielectric constant values about 103 in magnitude as the frequency of applied electric fields drops below the kHz range. Experimentally measured relative dielectric values in yeast cells , on the other hand, have maximal values up to 107 - 108 . We consider both electrical and mechanical energy stored in cellular suspension and show that low frequency mechanical contributions can give rise to dielectric constant values of this magnitude.
Category: Physics of Biology

[5] viXra:0909.0019 [pdf] submitted on 6 Sep 2009

Photorefractive Protein Bacteriorhodopsin, BR , as a Material for Holographic Data-Recording

Authors: Rafael-Andrés Alemañ-Berenguer, María Gomariz
Comments: 7 pages

The search of materials of biological origin with specific estates of potential technologic applications whose structure and functions come out from a process of adaptive evolution experienced by the organisms in extreme environments, is one of the most active fields in the modern biophysics. In short, the protein bacteriorhodopsin, acts like a protonic bomb whose photocycle has demonstrated interesting implications in the technologies of optic storage of information by means of holographic methods. In the present work some results of the investigation undertaken by our group are exposed, consistent mainly in the study of the influence that working conditions (pH, state of aggregation of the environment, intensity and time of illumination, etc.) have over photophysical and photochemical states of bacteriorhodopsin as well as in the tracking of the possible presence of bacteriorhodopsin proteins and xantorhodopsin, in the salines of Santa Pola (Alicante, Spain).
Category: Physics of Biology

[4] viXra:0908.0023 [pdf] submitted on 3 Aug 2009

Genes and Memes

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 554 pages

The first part of book discusses the new physics relevant to biology and the vision about Universe as topological quantum computer (tqc). Second part describes concrete physical models.

  1. The notion of many-sheeted DNA and a model of genetic code inspired by the notion of Combinatorial Hierarchy predicting what I call memetic code are introduced. The almost exact symmetries of the code table with respect to the third letter inspire the proposal that genetic code could have evolved as fusion of two-letter code and single-letter code.
  2. A model for how genome and cell membrane could act as tqc is developed. Magnetic flux tubes containing dark matter characterized by large value of Planck constant would make living matter a macroscopic quantum system. DNA nucleotides and lipids of the cell membrane would be connected by magnetic flux tubes and the flow of the 2-D liquid formed by lipids would induce dynamical braiding defining the computation.
  3. The net of magnetic flux tubes could explain the properties of gel phase. Phase transitions reducing Planck constant would induce a contraction of the flux tubes explaining why biomolecules manage to find each other in a dense soup of bio-molecules. The topology of the net would be dynamical and ADP ↔ ATP transformation could affect it. The anomalies related to ionic currents, nerve pulse activity, and interaction of ELF radiation with vertebrate brain find an explanation in this framework.
  4. The discoveries of Peter Gariaev about interaction of ordinary and laser light with genome combined with ideas about dark matter and water memory lead to a model for the interaction of photons with DNA. Dark ↔ ordinary transformation for photons could allow to "see" dark matter by allowing ordinary light to interact with DNA.
  5. A physical model for genetic code emerged from an attempt to understand the mechanism behind water memory. Dark nuclei which sizes zoomed up to atomic size scale could represent genes. The model for dark nucleon consisting of three quarks predicts counterparts of 64 DNAs, 64 RNAs, and 20 aminoacids and allows to identify genetic code as a natural mapping of DNA type states to amino-acid type states and consistent with vertebrate genetic code.
The third part of the book discusses number theoretical models of the genetic code based on p-adic thermodynamics and maximization of entropy or negentropy. These models reproduce the genetic code but fail to make killer predictions.
Category: Physics of Biology

[3] viXra:0908.0022 [pdf] submitted on 3 Aug 2009

Quantum Hardware of Living Matter

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 552 pages

This book represents a view about quantum hardware of living systems in TGD framework. Since the vision is bound to look highly speculative, it is good to emphasize that the most important predictions follow almost without any reference to the classical field equations using only quantum classical correspondence. The new conceptual elements are the notion of many-sheeted space-time having fractal hierarchical structure, 4-D spin glass degeneracy of the preferred extremals of Kähler action providing huge information storage capacity, topological field quantization, the notion of magnetic/field body serving as intentional agent using biological body as sensory receptor and motor instrument, zero energy ontology leading to a new view about energy and about the relationship between experienced and geometric time, dark matter hierarchy realized in terms of book like structure of 8-D imbedding space with pages labeled by values of Planck constant, the assumption that the phase transitions changing the value of Planck constant provide a key control tool in living matter, and p-adic length scale hypothesis allowing quantitative grasp to the situation.

  1. Three chapters of this book are devoted to the model of high Tc super-conductivity relying strongly on the notions of quantum criticality and dark matter.
  2. Two chapters discuss quantum antenna hypothesis inspired by topological light rays (M(assless) E(xtremals)) and the notion of wormhole magnetic fields. Notice that the notion of wormhole magnetic field was introduced much before the hypothesis that bosons have a natural identification as wormhole contacts emerged.
  3. Two chapters are devoted to the possible biological implications of the hypothesis that dark matter corresponds to macroscopic quantum phases characterized by a large value of Planck constant and is the key actor in living matter.
  4. A possible identification of quantum correlates of sensory qualia is discussed assuming that qualia are in one-one correspondence with the increments of quantum numbers in quantum jump. Also a simple model for sensory receptor is introduced.
I must apologize the fact that the introduction is somewhat ahead of the chapters of the book which have developed slowly during the last decade. In particular, the implications of the dark matter revolution which has occurred during last year and still continues, have not been thoroughly considered. Same applies to the implications of zero energy ontology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[2] viXra:0908.0021 [pdf] submitted on 3 Aug 2009

Bio-Systems as Self-Organizing Quantum Systems

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 288 pages

The quantum theory of self organization represents a rather old layer of TGD inspired theory of consciousness.

  1. Self organization is a non-deterministic process and corresponds to the evolution of conscious entities - selves - to asymptotic self-organization patters via quantum jumps. This requires macroscopic quantum coherence.
  2. Space-time surfaces are analogous to Bohr orbits and the failure of the classical non-determinism in the conventional sense of the word makes it possible to interpret space-time surfaces as representations of both quantum states and sequences of quantum states assignable to the sequences of quantum jumps. The huge vacuum degeneracy of Kähler action implies spin glass degeneracy in 4-dimensional sense providing maximal resources to represent information about external world by mapping its states to its own internal states. Space-time sheets would be four-dimensional statues gradually carved by a sequence of quantum jump to a shape representing asymptotic self-organization pattern.
  3. Magnetic body is the intentional agent controlling the biological body. The fractal hierarchy of copies of standard model physics involving in particular a hierarchy of electro-weak bosons and gluons with increasingly longer weak/confinement length scale is an essential piece of the story. The concrete quantum model for how intentions are transformed to actions provides additional insights to quantum self-organization.
  4. The new view about time and energy justifying time mirror mechanism involving sending of negative energy phase conjugate photons to geometric past is crucial for the models of long term memory, intentional action, and remote metabolism.
  5. The model of self organization involves cyclotron radiation from the cyclotron transitions assignable with the Bose-Einstein condensates of charged bosons at the magnetic bodies and Josephson radiation from Josephson junctions assignable to the cell membrane and also other layer like structures (electrets).
Zero energy ontology and hierarchy of Planck constants complete this vision. Zero energy ontology justifies time mirror mechanism and explains how arrow of subjective time emerges. Dark matter hierarchy implies macroscopic quantum coherence, inspires vision about bio-catalysis and quantum computation in living matter, explains evolutionary leaps, and suggests generalization of the notion of genome and new realizations of genetic code. The topics of the book are following. The first chapters explain the vision about biological self organization in TGD framework. The last chapters of the book discuss quantum control and coordination in living matter according to TGD.
Category: Physics of Biology

[1] viXra:0907.0043 [pdf] submitted on 28 Jul 2009

Wheeler-Feynman Generalized Bohm Quantum Potential for Open Far-From-Equilibrium Biological Dissipative Structures with Non-Unitary Post-Quantum Retro-Causal Signal Nonlocality

Authors: Jack Sarfatti
Comments: 6 pages

Bohm's micro-quantum ontological interpretation for closed systems in sub-quantal thermal equilibrium is generalized to open macro-quantum coherent systems using the Wheeler-Feynman-Cramer Ansatz. A connection to the Freeman-Vitiello model of the brain is suggested.
Category: Physics of Biology

Replacements of recent Submissions

[57] viXra:1404.0025 [pdf] replaced on 2014-04-14 09:09:47

The Underlying Neurobiology Mechanism of Acupuncture and Moxibustion

Authors: Wan-Chung Hu
Comments: 11 Pages.

Acupuncture and moxibustion are two most important managements of traditional Chinese medicine. However, their precise scientific mechanism is still unknown. Acupuncture is usually practiced on arms with three Ying and three Yang pathways and on legs with three Ying and three Yang pathways. The Ying and Yang pathways are actually co-related with the dermatome distribution on arms and legs. The analgesic effect of acupuncture is to sharply stimulate limbs to inhibit the referred pain area in the inner organs. For examples, the inner arm Ying path: 心包經 is actually the T1 dermatome distribution. Thus, 心包經 acupuncture can control the pain in chest including lung, heart, and esophagus. The other important concept of acupuncture mechanism is it can stimulate POMC production. The neuro-endocrine POMC can generate ACTH and endorphin. ACTH will then up-regulate corticosteroid production. Thus, acupuncture also has anti-inflammatory effects such as curing allergic rhinitis. Endorphin activation can also reduce pain and produce euphoria-like feeling. Acupuncture is mediated by sharp pain via A delta fibers. A delta fiber, stimulating sympathetic acute stress response including epinephrine and norepinephrine, can compete the accompanying slow pain/inflammation transmitting c fiber. Thus, acupuncture can suppress pain and inflammation via gate-control like mechanism. Moxibustion plays the opposite role. Moxibustion produces heat sensation which transmits via c fiber. Thus, it will facilitate the host inflammatory/immune response against pathogen infection. Thus, 黃帝內經云針所不宜灸之所治. Another important mechanism for acupuncture is nerve plasticity. In stroke patients, acupuncture stimulates paralyzed limb nerve re-generation and synapse re-formation. This nerve plasticity is the same as the principle of physical rehabilitation. It is worth nothing ear acupuncture mechanism. Vagus nerve distributes in the ear chlorea. Thus, ear acupuncture can also compete the inner organ pain sensation via vagus nerve inhibition as we view ear as another dermatome of inner organ.
Category: Physics of Biology

[56] viXra:1402.0074 [pdf] replaced on 2014-02-22 06:59:22

Cyclic Thermal Energy Harvesting By Organisms

Authors: Colin Bruce Jack
Comments: 11 Pages.

In principle, many animals could obtain significant metabolic energy direct from their environment, additional to that from food.
Photosynthesis requires a large area of modified skin and imposes behavioural constraints: few animals are photosynthetic.
An alternative is to use the Carnot cycle, exploiting temperature differences. The maximum efficiency with which work can be extracted is ~ΔT/T, where terrestrially T~300 K: comparable to photosynthesis. For a cold blooded animal which moves frequently between environments at significantly different temperatures, this energy harvest could be substantial: its entire body can act as a thermal reservoir. The energy harvesting machinery might however be hard to spot, much as ‘brown fat’ in human adults was overlooked until recently. It could be based on any temperature-sensitive chemical equilibrium.
In the temperate and tropical oceans, animals could gain Carnot cycle energy very easily as they swim up and down through the thermocline during diel vertical migration. In so doing, they would transfer significant heat from near-surface waters to the mid-depths. Such behavior would be increasingly favored as surface waters become warmer, as has recently occurred. This could conceivably have contributed to the recent ‘pause’ in the anthropogenic greenhouse effect.
At the origin of life, diurnal thermal harvesting by non-motile organisms could evolve far more easily than photosynthesis, and might have preceded both photosynthesis and the use of external chemical energy.
Category: Physics of Biology

[55] viXra:1402.0074 [pdf] replaced on 2014-02-10 17:27:19

Cyclic Thermal Energy Harvesting By Organisms

Authors: Colin Bruce Jack
Comments: 10 Pages.

Photosynthesis requires complex chemical machinery, and converts only a few percent of incident sunlight energy to useful work. Few animals are photosynthetic. A possible alternative is to use the Carnot cycle, exploiting temperature differences. The maximum efficiency with which work can be extracted is then ~ΔT/T, where terrestrially T~300 K.
For a cold blooded animal which moves frequently between environments at significantly different temperatures, this energy can be substantial: its entire body can act as a thermal reservoir. The energy harvesting machinery might be hard to spot, much as ‘brown fat’ in human adults was overlooked until recently. It could be based on any temperature-sensitive chemical equilibrium, for example one that interacts with ATP formation.
In the temperate and tropical oceans, animals could harvest such energy very easily, by swimming repeatedly up and down through the thermocline. In so doing, they would transfer significant heat from near-surface waters to the mid-depths. Such behavior would be increasingly favored as surface waters become warmer, as has recently occurred. This could conceivably explain the recent ‘pause’ in the anthropogenic greenhouse effect.
At the origin of life, diurnal thermal harvesting by non-motile organisms could evolve far more easily than photosynthesis, and might have preceded both photosynthesis and the use of external chemical energy.
Category: Physics of Biology

[54] viXra:1310.0170 [pdf] replaced on 2014-01-23 20:58:16

New Physics Suggests DARWIN’S Origin of Species is Incomplete, and that Godlike Humanity Will Emerge

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 9 Pages. Shortened and revised for entry into the 2014 contest at www.fqxi.org

The world is at a crossroad today. There is so much we have no understanding of – dark energy, the hypothetical form of energy that permeates all of space and tends to accelerate the expansion of the universe, is perhaps the best known example. If humanity is going to steer the future, we need to remove ourselves from the darkness we’re immersed in and discover the light. I believe this light will reveal what dark energy is, where it comes from, and how it originated. Further, the light could give us a new perspective on where WE came from, how the human race was born, and the role of present humankind in the grand scheme of not only our own, but the universe’s, origin and destiny. The basic outline for a different perspective on the Theory of Evolution has been described in this article. When contemplating the theory of evolution, people assume evolution belongs exclusively to the biological sciences. I maintain complete comprehension also requires physics. Without a conviction that time travel is possible, I’d have to totally agree with the evolutionary concepts Darwin proposed. But since I have no doubt that time doesn’t exclusively operate in a straight line (my reasons are explained below), I can propose a different origin of species – though all the species subsequently undergo adaptations throughout the centuries. In 1870, Wallace (one of Darwin’s major “disciples” and the man who is often reported to have independently reached the same conclusions about evolution that Darwin did) suddenly converted to spiritualism. “Darwin’s Armada” (26) states – “Wallace surmised … that man must have been programmed for civilisation by some higher intelligence.” (27) Assuming Wallace’s “higher intelligence” happens because, as this article puts it near the end, “eternal God and humanity of the far future are not separate in any sense but are the same thing”, I wonder what Wallace (as well as Darwin and his other disciples) would think of this article if they were on Earth today. This article consists of 3 parts - NON-DARWINIAN ORIGINS OUTLINED, CONVERTING FANTASY AND SCIENCE FICTION INTO COSMOLOGY AND SCIENCE, and SPECULATIONS CONCERNING FUTURE HUMAN EVOLUTION (the speculation is backed up with science and references).
Category: Physics of Biology

[53] viXra:1310.0170 [pdf] replaced on 2013-12-26 01:49:05

New Physics Suggests DARWIN’S Origin of Species is Incomplete, and that Godlike Humanity Will Emerge

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 31 Pages.

The basic outline for a different perspective on the Theory of Evolution has been described in this article. It includes many elements that the average person might call nonsense, fantasy or science fiction. I don’t want this hypothesis to be tossed in the nearest rubbish bin, so I’ll explain each element in Part 2 which proposes that the origin of life, and its evolutionary adaptations, cannot be comprehended through biology alone. Comprehension also requires physics. When contemplating the theory of evolution, people almost universally start with an error. They assume evolution belongs exclusively to the biological sciences. Upon reading the previous sentence, some people will compound that error by assuming evolution will not be addressed in terms of science by this article – but perhaps in terms of religion. To quote from the webpage offering the "$25,000 Cosmology Prize in Evolutionary Theory" (http://cosmology.com/), "Darwin evokes or praises and makes reference to the powers of "God" and the "Creator" eleven times in his famous book and repeatedly attributes natural selection to a living "spirit" and to benevolent quasi-supernatural "powers" which keep watch over the works of the "Creator," and which actively strives for the "good" and fights against the "bad;" and this may come as a surprise to those who never read his book, but it is not surprising given that Darwin trained to be a minister of religion." Darwin’s religious references were probably an attempt to appease the beliefs of the place and time he lived in. As Iain McCalman writes on pp. 361-362 of “Darwin’s Armada” (Simon and Schuster, 2009), “It was wholly unnecessary, (Darwin) said, to introduce a higher intelligence to explain man’s development; the incremental gradations of evolutionary complexity from primate to human over eons were enough to account for consciousness …” Reading Professor McCalman’s book filled me with admiration for Charles Darwin and his principle “disciples” – Joseph Hooker, Thomas Huxley, and the man who is often reported to have independently reached the same conclusions about evolution that Darwin did: Alfred Russel Wallace. Without a conviction that time travel is possible, I’d have to totally agree with the evolutionary concepts they proposed. But since I have no doubt that time doesn’t exclusively operate in a straight line (my reasons are explained below), I can propose a different origin of species – though all the species subsequently undergo adaptations throughout the centuries. In 1870, Alfred Wallace suddenly converted to spiritualism. Page 361 of “Darwin’s Armada” states – “Using the Darwinian dictum that naturally selected change must be immediately beneficial to the species involved, Wallace argued that it could not therefore have produced the large brain of primitive man, whose prime needs were for strength, swiftness and cunning. The massive early brain of humans only began to fulfil its potential use much later, when social organisation generated the need for sophisticated abstraction, aesthetic appreciation and moral behaviour. Wallace surmised, therefore, that man must have been programmed for civilisation by some higher intelligence.” (see Wallace’s “The Limits of Natural Selection as applied to Man”, Contributions to the Theory, p.359) Assuming Wallace’s “higher intelligence” happens because, as this article puts it near the end, “eternal God and humanity of the far future are not separate in any sense but are the same thing”, I wonder what Alfred Wallace (as well as Darwin and his other disciples) would think of this article if they were on Earth today. This article consists of 3 parts - NON-DARWINIAN ORIGINS OUTLINED, CONVERTING FANTASY AND SCIENCE FICTION INTO COSMOLOGY AND SCIENCE, and SPECULATIONS CONCERNING FUTURE HUMAN EVOLUTION (the speculation is backed up with science and references).
Category: Physics of Biology

[52] viXra:1310.0170 [pdf] replaced on 2013-12-06 18:23:11

New Physics Suggests DARWIN’S Origin of Species is Incomplete, and that Godlike Humanity Will Emerge

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 32 Pages.

The basic outline for a different perspective on the Theory of Evolution has been described in this article. It includes many elements that the average person might call nonsense, fantasy or science fiction. I don’t want this hypothesis to be tossed in the nearest rubbish bin, so I’ll explain each element in Part 2 which proposes that the origin of life, and its evolutionary adaptations, cannot be comprehended through biology alone. Comprehension also requires physics. When contemplating the theory of evolution, people almost universally start with an error. They assume evolution belongs exclusively to the biological sciences. Upon reading the previous sentence, some people will compound that error by assuming evolution will not be addressed in terms of science by this article – but perhaps in terms of religion. To quote from the webpage offering the "$25,000 Cosmology Prize in Evolutionary Theory" (http://cosmology.com/), "Darwin evokes or praises and makes reference to the powers of "God" and the "Creator" eleven times in his famous book and repeatedly attributes natural selection to a living "spirit" and to benevolent quasi-supernatural "powers" which keep watch over the works of the "Creator," and which actively strives for the "good" and fights against the "bad;" and this may come as a surprise to those who never read his book, but it is not surprising given that Darwin trained to be a minister of religion." Darwin’s religious references were probably an attempt to appease the beliefs of the place and time he lived in. As Iain McCalman writes on pp. 361-362 of “Darwin’s Armada” (Simon and Schuster, 2009), “It was wholly unnecessary, (Darwin) said, to introduce a higher intelligence to explain man’s development; the incremental gradations of evolutionary complexity from primate to human over eons were enough to account for consciousness …” Reading Professor McCalman’s book filled me with admiration for Charles Darwin and his principle “disciples” – Joseph Hooker, Thomas Huxley, and the man who is often reported to have independently reached the same conclusions about evolution that Darwin did: Alfred Russel Wallace. Without a conviction that time travel is possible, I’d have to totally agree with the evolutionary concepts they proposed. But since I have no doubt that time doesn’t exclusively operate in a straight line (my reasons are explained below), I can propose a different origin of species – though all the species subsequently undergo adaptations throughout the centuries. In 1870, Alfred Wallace suddenly converted to spiritualism. Page 361 of “Darwin’s Armada” states – “Using the Darwinian dictum that naturally selected change must be immediately beneficial to the species involved, Wallace argued that it could not therefore have produced the large brain of primitive man, whose prime needs were for strength, swiftness and cunning. The massive early brain of humans only began to fulfil its potential use much later, when social organisation generated the need for sophisticated abstraction, aesthetic appreciation and moral behaviour. Wallace surmised, therefore, that man must have been programmed for civilisation by some higher intelligence.” (see Wallace’s “The Limits of Natural Selection as applied to Man”, Contributions to the Theory, p.359) Assuming Wallace’s “higher intelligence” happens because, as this article puts it near the end, “eternal God and humanity of the far future are not separate in any sense but are the same thing”, I wonder what Alfred Wallace (as well as Darwin and his other disciples) would think of this article if they were on Earth today. This article consists of 3 parts - NON-DARWINIAN ORIGINS OUTLINED, CONVERTING FANTASY AND SCIENCE FICTION INTO COSMOLOGY AND SCIENCE, and SPECULATIONS CONCERNING FUTURE HUMAN EVOLUTION (the speculation is backed up with science and references).
Category: Physics of Biology

[51] viXra:1309.0006 [pdf] replaced on 2013-12-09 11:09:45

Free Flow of Sweat Due to Loss of Surface Tension at Sweat Droplets Causes Water-Induced Skin Wrinkling

Authors: Soumya Marasakatla, Karunakar Marasakatla
Comments: 7 Pages.

Water immersion skin wrinkling has long been used as a test for sympathetic nerve function. However, the cause of underlying mechanism remained elusive. In this article, we theoretically investigate a possible cause of the phenomenon by taking into consideration various properties of sweating. The pressure exerted by the surface tension of sweat droplets counterbalances the secretory pressure of sweat glands at the pore. When a hand is immersed in water, sweat droplets easily merge with the water, causing the pressure to drop at the pore. Our calculations, using earlier measurements of secretory pressure, show that the water pressure at the sweat pore will be less than the secretory pressure of sweat glands when the hand is immersed at a shallow depth. The resulting pressure imbalance enables the sweat to flow freely into the water. We believe that there will be an initial vasodilation to feed the excess generation of sweat. Sweat flow continues as long as there is blood flow to the hand. To prevent excessive loss of sweat from the body and to maintain homeostasis, sympathetic nerves trigger vasoconstriction to reduce the blood flow to the hand. The overlying skin wrinkles due to loss of volume under the skin. It is possible that denerved fingers remain in the vasodilation state during immersion due to a lack of sympathetic nerve function.
Category: Physics of Biology

[50] viXra:1309.0006 [pdf] replaced on 2013-10-29 23:51:40

Free Flow of Sweat Due to Loss of Surface Tension at Sweat Droplet Causes Water-Induced Skin Wrinkling

Authors: Soumya Marasakatla, Karunakar Marasakatla
Comments: 7 Pages.

Water immersion skin wrinkling appears to be the result of breaking the balance between secretory pressure of sweat glands and the pressure exerted by the surface tension of sweat droplet at the pore. When a hand is immersed in water, sweat droplet easily merge within the water causing pressure to drop at the pore. The resulted imbalance in pressure enables the sweat to flow freely into the water. Flow of sweat continues as long as there is a blood flow to hand. To prevent the loss of sweat from the body and to maintain homeostasis, sympathetic nerves trigger the reduction of blood flow to hand causing vasoconstriction. The overlying skin wrinkles due to loss of volume under the skin.
Category: Physics of Biology

[49] viXra:1309.0006 [pdf] replaced on 2013-09-17 10:14:03

Free Flow of Sweat due to Loss of Surface Tension at Sweat Droplet Causes Water-Induced Skin Wrinkling

Authors: Soumya Marasakatla, Karunakar Marasakatla
Comments: 3 Pages.

Water immersion skin wrinkling appears to be a result of breaking the balance between the pressure within sweat duct and the pressure exerted by the surface tension of sweat droplet at the pore. When a hand is immersed in water, sweat droplets easily merge within the water causing pressure to drop at the pores. The resulted imbalance in pressure makes the sweat within the duct to flow freely into the water. To prevent loss of water from the body and to maintain homeostasis, the body reacts by restricting blood flow to hand causing vasoconstriction and eventual wrinkling of skin.
Category: Physics of Biology

[48] viXra:1309.0006 [pdf] replaced on 2013-09-03 11:02:19

Free Flow of Sweat due to Loss of Surface Tension at Sweat Droplet Causes Water-Induced Skin Wrinkling

Authors: Soumya Marasakatla, Karunakar Marasakatla
Comments: 4 Pages.

Sweat from the body is regulated by the surface tension of a sweat droplet at the pores and the pressure within the sweat duct. A sweat droplet grows in size until its surface tension and the pressure within the sweat duct are in equilibrium. When a hand is immersed in water, sweat droplets easily merge within the water, causing the pressure to drop at the pores. This in turn makes the sweat to flow freely into the water in the absence of counteracting pressure. Sweat glands produce more sweat because of the low pressure within the duct. To prevent loss of water from the body and to maintain the homeostasis, the body reacts by restricting the blood flow to the hand causing vasoconstriction and eventual wrinkling of the skin.
Category: Physics of Biology

[47] viXra:1207.0113 [pdf] replaced on 2012-08-07 00:28:37

Human Rating Requirements for Mars Missions

Authors: Gary V Stephenson
Comments: 25 Pages. As presented revision

Abstract. Human rating requirements are explored for space systems associated with the transport of a human crew for missions to and from Mars. Human rating certification requirements guidance is given by NPR 8705.2B and broadly speaking consists of four steps: step 1, comply with human rating certification processes; step 2, develop and comply with a reference mission; step 3, comply with human rating technical requirements; and step 4, prepare and maintain a Human Rating Certification Package (HRCP) that demonstrates compliance with the first three steps. The design challenges specific to a Missions to Mars (M2M) are described and include long endurance human habitation during interplanetary (IP) space travel, with higher than usual radiation exposure and lower than usual gravitation exposure, crew control requirements with expanded need for autonomous operations and control and operator situational awareness, and contingency operations for survivability. Due to the extreme physical isolation of the crew during missions to Mars there will be the need to trade lifeboat options with in situ survivability options in the case of contingency operations. These human rating challenges are placed in the context of the design development of mission equipment needed for a Mission to Mars. It is assumed that the M2M equipment suite can be divided into four distinct systems, all of which will require human rating: a launch and LEO operations vehicle, a transhab vehicle for IP travel, a Martian orbital operations vehicle, and a Martian surface habitat. A methodology for flowing human rating requirements to each of these systems is identified and outlined. Keywords: Human, Rating, Requirements, Certification, NASA, Standards. PACS: 96.30.Gc, 96.30.Hf, 96.55.+z, 91.62.Fc
Category: Physics of Biology

[46] viXra:1207.0113 [pdf] replaced on 2012-07-30 15:11:13

Human Rating Requirements for Mars Missions

Authors: Gary V. Stephenson
Comments: 25 Pages. Presented to the Mars Society, August 4th, 2012.

Abstract. Human rating requirements are explored for space systems associated with the transport of a human crew for missions to and from Mars. Human rating certification requirements guidance is given by NPR 8705.2B and broadly speaking consists of four steps: step 1, comply with human rating certification processes; step 2, develop and comply with a reference mission; step 3, comply with human rating technical requirements; and step 4, prepare and maintain a Human Rating Certification Package (HRCP) that demonstrates compliance with the first three steps. The design challenges specific to a Missions to Mars (M2M) are described and include long endurance human habitation during interplanetary (IP) space travel, with higher than usual radiation exposure and lower than usual gravitation exposure, crew control requirements with expanded need for autonomous operations and control and operator situational awareness, and contingency operations for survivability. Due to the extreme physical isolation of the crew during missions to Mars there will be the need to trade lifeboat options with in situ survivability options in the case of contingency operations. These human rating challenges are placed in the context of the design development of mission equipment needed for a Mission to Mars. It is assumed that the M2M equipment suite can be divided into four distinct systems, all of which will require human rating: a launch and LEO operations vehicle, a transhab vehicle for IP travel, a Martian orbital operations vehicle, and a Martian surface habitat. A methodology for flowing human rating requirements to each of these systems is identified and outlined. Keywords: Human, Rating, Requirements, Certification, NASA, Standards. PACS: 96.30.Gc, 96.30.Hf, 96.55.+z, 91.62.Fc
Category: Physics of Biology

[45] viXra:1207.0004 [pdf] replaced on 2014-09-26 05:07:05

TGD View about Living Matter and Remote Mental Interactions

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 576 Pages. Updating

The book is intended to be a concise summary about the applications of TGD in consciousness theory, living matter, and remote mental interactions. The book begins with a very concise summary about TGD in the hope that it might help the mathematically oriented reader to gain an overall view: the notion of many-sheeted space-time and topological field quantization are of special importance for understanding biology in TGD Universe.

Quantum jump identified as moment of consciousness, the notion of self reducing to that of quantum jump, Negentropy Maximization Principle (NMP), zero energy ontology (ZEO), and the new view about relationship between subjective and experienced time are essential pieces of the vision. The identification of p-adic physics as correlate for cognition, the view about life as something in the intersection of real and p-adic worlds -matter and cognition - , and the notion of number theoretic negentropy are central in biological applications.

Magnetic body carrying dark matter and forming an onion-like structure with layers characterized by large values of Planck constant is a key concept of TGD inspired biology. Magnetic body is identified as intentional agent using biological body as sensory receptor and motor instrument. The role of magnetic body in various biological functions, and the new view about metabolism and its relationship to the generation of negentropic entanglement are discussed.

The applications to neuroscience are touched. The general model for the sensory qualia and for generation of attention and qualia leads to a view resembling the Orch OR of Penrose and Hameroff. Models for nerve pulse generation and EEG - or rather a fractal hierarchy of XEGs generalizing it serving as a communication tool in commutations between biological body and magnetic body - are proposed.

The mechanisms making possible for the magnetic body to control and receive sensory information from biological body apply can be regarded as those for remote mental interactions. Therefore also remote mental interactions are briefly considered in the proposed conceptual framework. Also tests for the general vision are also considered.
Category: Physics of Biology

[44] viXra:1207.0004 [pdf] replaced on 2013-09-09 06:58:36

TGD View about Living Matter and Remote Mental Interactions

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 437 Pages.

The book is intended to be a concise summary about the applications of TGD in consciousness theory, living matter, and remote mental interactions. The book begins with a very concise summary about TGD in the hope that it might help the mathematically oriented reader to gain an overall view: the notion of many-sheeted space-time and topological field quantization are of special importance for understanding biology in TGD Universe.

Quantum jump identified as moment of consciousness, the notion of self reducing to that of quantum jump, Negentropy Maximization Principle (NMP), zero energy ontology (ZEO), and the new view about relationship between subjective and experienced time are essential pieces of the vision. The identification of p-adic physics as correlate for cognition, the view about life as something in the intersection of real and p-adic worlds -matter and cognition - , and the notion of number theoretic negentropy are central in biological applications.

Magnetic body carrying dark matter and forming an onion-like structure with layers characterized by large values of Planck constant is a key concept of TGD inspired biology. Magnetic body is identified as intentional agent using biological body as sensory receptor and motor instrument. The role of magnetic body in various biological functions, and the new view about metabolism and its relationship to the generation of negentropic entanglement are discussed.

The applications to neuroscience are touched. The general model for the sensory qualia and for generation of attention and qualia leads to a view resembling the Orch OR of Penrose and Hameroff. Models for nerve pulse generation and EEG - or rather a fractal hierarchy of XEGs generalizing it serving as a communication tool in commutations between biological body and magnetic body - are proposed.

The mechanisms making possible for the magnetic body to control and receive sensory information from biological body apply can be regarded as those for remote mental interactions. Therefore also remote mental interactions are briefly considered in the proposed conceptual framework. Also tests for the general vision are also considered.
Category: Physics of Biology

[43] viXra:1207.0004 [pdf] replaced on 2013-02-17 01:53:55

TGD View about Living Matter and Remote Mental Interactions

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 311 Pages. Correction of systematic error in bibliographies

The book is intended to be a concise summary about the applications of TGD in consciousness theory, living matter, and remote mental interactions. The book begins with a very concise summary about TGD in the hope that it might help the mathematically oriented reader to gain an overall view: the notion of many-sheeted space-time and topological field quantization are of special importance for understanding biology in TGD Universe.

Quantum jump identified as moment of consciousness, the notion of self reducing to that of quantum jump, Negentropy Maximization Principle (NMP), zero energy ontology (ZEO), and the new view about relationship between subjective and experienced time are essential pieces of the vision. The identification of p-adic physics as correlate for cognition, the view about life as something in the intersection of real and p-adic worlds -matter and cognition - , and the notion of number theoretic negentropy are central in biological applications.

Magnetic body carrying dark matter and forming an onion-like structure with layers characterized by large values of Planck constant is a key concept of TGD inspired biology. Magnetic body is identified as intentional agent using biological body as sensory receptor and motor instrument. The role of magnetic body in various biological functions, and the new view about metabolism and its relationship to the generation of negentropic entanglement are discussed.

The applications to neuroscience are touched. The general model for the sensory qualia and for generation of attention and qualia leads to a view resembling the Orch OR of Penrose and Hameroff. Models for nerve pulse generation and EEG - or rather a fractal hierarchy of XEGs generalizing it serving as a communication tool in commutations between biological body and magnetic body - are proposed.

The mechanisms making possible for the magnetic body to control and receive sensory information from biological body apply can be regarded as those for remote mental interactions. Therefore also remote mental interactions are briefly considered in the proposed conceptual framework. Also tests for the general vision are also considered.
Category: Physics of Biology

[42] viXra:1207.0004 [pdf] replaced on 2013-01-01 08:12:11

TGD View about Living Matter and Remote Mental Interactions

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 391 Pages. corrections to references and index

The book is intended to be a concise summary about the applications of TGD in consciousness theory, living matter, and remote mental interactions. The book begins with a very concise summary about TGD in the hope that it might help the mathematically oriented reader to gain an overall view: the notion of many-sheeted space-time and topological field quantization are of special importance for understanding biology in TGD Universe.

Quantum jump identified as moment of consciousness, the notion of self reducing to that of quantum jump, Negentropy Maximization Principle (NMP), zero energy ontology (ZEO), and the new view about relationship between subjective and experienced time are essential pieces of the vision. The identification of p-adic physics as correlate for cognition, the view about life as something in the intersection of real and p-adic worlds -matter and cognition - , and the notion of number theoretic negentropy are central in biological applications.

Magnetic body carrying dark matter and forming an onion-like structure with layers characterized by large values of Planck constant is a key concept of TGD inspired biology. Magnetic body is identified as intentional agent using biological body as sensory receptor and motor instrument. The role of magnetic body in various biological functions, and the new view about metabolism and its relationship to the generation of negentropic entanglement are discussed.

The applications to neuroscience are touched. The general model for the sensory qualia and for generation of attention and qualia leads to a view resembling the Orch OR of Penrose and Hameroff. Models for nerve pulse generation and EEG - or rather a fractal hierarchy of XEGs generalizing it serving as a communication tool in commutations between biological body and magnetic body - are proposed.

The mechanisms making possible for the magnetic body to control and receive sensory information from biological body apply can be regarded as those for remote mental interactions. Therefore also remote mental interactions are briefly considered in the proposed conceptual framework. Also tests for the general vision are also considered.
Category: Physics of Biology

[41] viXra:1207.0004 [pdf] replaced on 2012-11-13 01:33:42

TGD View about Living Matter and Remote Mental Interactions

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 411 Pages. systematic error in bibliografies

The book is intended to be a concise summary about the applications of TGD in consciousness theory, living matter, and remote mental interactions. The book begins with a very concise summary about TGD in the hope that it might help the mathematically oriented reader to gain an overall view: the notion of many-sheeted space-time and topological field quantization are of special importance for understanding biology in TGD Universe.

Quantum jump identified as moment of consciousness, the notion of self reducing to that of quantum jump, Negentropy Maximization Principle (NMP), zero energy ontology (ZEO), and the new view about relationship between subjective and experienced time are essential pieces of the vision. The identification of p-adic physics as correlate for cognition, the view about life as something in the intersection of real and p-adic worlds -matter and cognition - , and the notion of number theoretic negentropy are central in biological applications.

Magnetic body carrying dark matter and forming an onion-like structure with layers characterized by large values of Planck constant is a key concept of TGD inspired biology. Magnetic body is identified as intentional agent using biological body as sensory receptor and motor instrument. The role of magnetic body in various biological functions, and the new view about metabolism and its relationship to the generation of negentropic entanglement are discussed.

The applications to neuroscience are touched. The general model for the sensory qualia and for generation of attention and qualia leads to a view resembling the Orch OR of Penrose and Hameroff. Models for nerve pulse generation and EEG - or rather a fractal hierarchy of XEGs generalizing it serving as a communication tool in commutations between biological body and magnetic body - are proposed.

The mechanisms making possible for the magnetic body to control and receive sensory information from biological body apply can be regarded as those for remote mental interactions. Therefore also remote mental interactions are briefly considered in the proposed conceptual framework. Also tests for the general vision are also considered.
Category: Physics of Biology

[40] viXra:1207.0004 [pdf] replaced on 2012-10-11 23:30:56

TGD View about Living Matter and Remote Mental Interactions

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 411 Pages.

The book is intended to be a concise summary about the applications of TGD in consciousness theory, living matter, and remote mental interactions. The book begins with a very concise summary about TGD in the hope that it might help the mathematically oriented reader to gain an overall view: the notion of many-sheeted space-time and topological field quantization are of special importance for understanding biology in TGD Universe.

Quantum jump identified as moment of consciousness, the notion of self reducing to that of quantum jump, Negentropy Maximization Principle (NMP), zero energy ontology (ZEO), and the new view about relationship between subjective and experienced time are essential pieces of the vision. The identification of p-adic physics as correlate for cognition, the view about life as something in the intersection of real and p-adic worlds -matter and cognition - , and the notion of number theoretic negentropy are central in biological applications.

Magnetic body carrying dark matter and forming an onion-like structure with layers characterized by large values of Planck constant is a key concept of TGD inspired biology. Magnetic body is identified as intentional agent using biological body as sensory receptor and motor instrument. The role of magnetic body in various biological functions, and the new view about metabolism and its relationship to the generation of negentropic entanglement are discussed.

The applications to neuroscience are touched. The general model for the sensory qualia and for generation of attention and qualia leads to a view resembling the Orch OR of Penrose and Hameroff. Models for nerve pulse generation and EEG - or rather a fractal hierarchy of XEGs generalizing it serving as a communication tool in commutations between biological body and magnetic body - are proposed.

The mechanisms making possible for the magnetic body to control and receive sensory information from biological body apply can be regarded as those for remote mental interactions. Therefore also remote mental interactions are briefly considered in the proposed conceptual framework. Also tests for the general vision are also considered.
Category: Physics of Biology

[39] viXra:1207.0004 [pdf] replaced on 2012-08-02 01:10:29

TGD View about Living Matter and Remote Mental Interactions

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 405 Pages. Small updatings

The book is intended to be a concise summary about the applications of TGD in consciousness theory, living matter, and remote mental interactions. The book begins with a very concise summary about TGD in the hope that it might help the mathematically oriented reader to gain an overall view: the notion of many-sheeted space-time and topological field quantization are of special importance for understanding biology in TGD Universe.

Quantum jump identified as moment of consciousness, the notion of self reducing to that of quantum jump, Negentropy Maximization Principle (NMP), zero energy ontology (ZEO), and the new view about relationship between subjective and experienced time are essential pieces of the vision. The identification of p-adic physics as correlate for cognition, the view about life as something in the intersection of real and p-adic worlds -matter and cognition - , and the notion of number theoretic negentropy are central in biological applications.

Magnetic body carrying dark matter and forming an onion-like structure with layers characterized by large values of Planck constant is a key concept of TGD inspired biology. Magnetic body is identified as intentional agent using biological body as sensory receptor and motor instrument. The role of magnetic body in various biological functions, and the new view about metabolism and its relationship to the generation of negentropic entanglement are discussed.

The applications to neuroscience are touched. The general model for the sensory qualia and for generation of attention and qualia leads to a view resembling the Orch OR of Penrose and Hameroff. Models for nerve pulse generation and EEG - or rather a fractal hierarchy of XEGs generalizing it serving as a communication tool in commutations between biological body and magnetic body - are proposed.

The mechanisms making possible for the magnetic body to control and receive sensory information from biological body apply can be regarded as those for remote mental interactions. Therefore also remote mental interactions are briefly considered in the proposed conceptual framework. Also tests for the general vision are also considered.
Category: Physics of Biology

[38] viXra:1202.0073 [pdf] replaced on 2012-03-04 04:05:59

Transmission of DNA Genetic Information into Water by means of Electromagnetic Fields of Extremely-low Frequencies

Authors: Fran De Aquino
Comments: 6 Pages.

Recently it was experimentally shown that the DNA genetic information can be transmitted into water when the DNA and the water are subjected jointly to an electromagnetic field with 7Hz frequency. As announced, the reported phenomenon could allow developing highly sensitive detection systems for chronic bacterial and viral infections. Here, it is shown a possible explanation for the phenomenon based on the recent framework of Quantum Gravity. It is shown that, if volume of water with a DNA molecule is placed near another volume of pure water, and the gravitational masses of the two water volumes are simultaneously reduced to values in the range + 0.159mi0 to  0.159mi0, by means of electromagnetic fields of extremely-low frequency (ELF), then the DNA genetic information are transmitted to pure water, imprinting onto it the structure of the DNA molecule. After several hours, as final result, a replication of the DNA can arise in the pure water.
Category: Physics of Biology

[37] viXra:1201.0121 [pdf] replaced on 2012-02-01 05:46:30

TGD Based View about Classical Fields in Relation to Consciousness Theory and Quantum Biology

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 18 Pages.

In TGD Universe gauge fields are replaced with topological field quanta. Examples are topological light rays, magnetic/electric flux tubes and sheets, and flux quanta carrying both magnetic and electric fields. Flux quanta form a fractal hierarchy in the sense that there are flux quanta inside flux quanta. It is natural to assume quantization of Kähler magnetic flux. Braiding and reconnection are the basic topological operations for flux quanta. The basic question is how the basic notions assigned with the classical gauge and gravitational fields understood in standard sense generalize in TGD framework.

  1. Superposition and interference of the classical fields is very natural in Maxwell electrodynamics and certainly experimentally verified phenomena. Also the notion of hologram relies crucially on the notion of interference. How can one describe the effects explained in terms of superposition of fields in a situation in which the theory is extremely non-linear and all classical gauge fields are expressible in terms of CP_2 coordinates and their gradients? It is also rather clear that the preferred extremals for Kähler action decompose to space-time regions representing space-time correlates for quanta. The superposition of classical fields in Maxwellian sense is impossible. How can one cope with this situation? The answer is based on simple observation: only the {\it effects} of the classical fields superpose. There is no need for the fields to superpose. Together with the notion of many-sheeted space-time this leads to elegant description of interference effects without any need to assume that linearization is a good approximation.
  2. Topological quantization brings in also braiding and reconnection of magnetic flux tubes as basic operations for classical fields. These operations for flux tubes have also Maxwellian counterparts at the level of field lines. Braiding and reconnection are in a central role in TGD Universe and especially so in in TGD inspired theory of consciousness and quantum biology. The challenge is to build a coherent overall phenomenological view about the role of topologically quantized classical fields in biology and neuroscience. For instance, one can ask what is the precise formulation for the notion of conscious hologram and whether magnetic flux tubes could serve as correlates of entanglement (or at least negentropic entanglement suggested by the number theoretic vision and identified as a basic signature of living matter).
  3. Topological quantization and the notion of magnetic body are especially important in TGD inspired model of EEG. The attempt to understand the findings of Persinger from the study of what is known as God helmet leads to a considerable progress in the understanding the possible role of topologically quantized classical fields in biology and neuro-science.

Category: Physics of Biology

[36] viXra:1112.0032 [pdf] replaced on 2012-05-06 12:09:15

A Thermodynamic Perspective on the Interaction of Radio Frequency Radiation with Living Tissue

Authors: Michael Peleg
Comments: 9 Pages. A peer reviewed and revised version was published on April 2012 in the International Journal of Biophysics, it is available in the following link: http://www.sapub.org/global/showpaperpdf.aspx?doi=10.5923.j.biophysics.20120201.01

The existence of biological effects of radio frequency (RF) radiation on living tissue is well established, including also effects which are not caused by plain warming. Still the exact mechanisms of interaction between the RF radiation and the living tissue are mostly unknown. In this work a thermodynamic perspective relevant to some aspects of those yet unknown mechanisms is presented. This perspective reveals that living tissue under RF radiation should not be assumed to be in thermal equilibrium since it is governed by two temperatures: The ambient temperature of its surroundings and a vastly higher temperature TR which is assigned by certain criteria to the RF radiation. The criteria presented here to determine the radiation temperature TR are not unique and other approaches may lead to different temperature values, however TR as presented here has an interesting physical significance. The possible relevance of this approach to the interaction mechanisms is presented.
Category: Physics of Biology

[35] viXra:1111.0115 [pdf] replaced on 2012-01-30 07:27:22

Sheldrake's Morphic Fields and TGD View about Quantum Biology

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 11 Pages.

This article is inspired by the study of two books of Rupert Sheldrake. What makes the study of the books of Sheldrake so rewarding is that Sheldrake starts from problems of the existing paradigm, analyzes them thoroughly, and proposes solutions in the framework provided by his vision. There is no need to accept Sheldrake′s views, just the reading of his arguments teaches a lot about the fundamental ideas and dogmas underlying recent day biology and forces the reader to realize how little we really know - not only about biology but even about so called established areas of physics such as condensed matter physics. These books are precious gems for anyone trying to build overall view.

The idea that Nature would have habits just as we do is probably one of those aspects in Sheldrake's work, which generate most irritation in physicalists believing that Nature is governed by deterministic laws with classical determinism replaced with quantum statistical determinism. Sheldrake is one of those very few scientists able to see the reality rather than only the model of reality. Morphic resonance would make possible to establish the habits of Nature and the past would determine to high extent the present but on organic manner and in totally different sense as in the world of physicalist.

In this article I propose an interpretation for the vision of Sheldrake based on zero energy ontology and TGD based view about geometric time and experienced time forcing to accept the notions of 4-dimensional brain and society. In this framework the problem is to understand why our sensory perception is 3-dimensional whereas the standard problems related to memory disappear since memory corresponds to 4-D aspects of perception and of conscious experience and memory storage is 4-dimensional. The vision about gene expression as something to some extend analogous to a democratic decision of 4-D society looks rather natural in this framework and would explain some still poorly understood aspects of gene expression known from the days of Mendel. Therefore the term ″the prence of the past″ appearing in the title of one of Sheldrake's books has quite a concrete meaning in TGD Universe. This article is inspired by the study of two books of Rupert Sheldrake. What makes the study of the books of Sheldrake so rewarding is that Sheldrake starts from problems of the existing paradigm, analyzes them thoroughly, and proposes solutions in the framework provided by his vision. There is no need to accept Sheldrake′s views, just the reading of his arguments teaches a lot about the fundamental ideas and dogmas underlying recent day biology and forces the reader to realize how little we really know - not only about biology but even about so called established areas of physics such as condensed matter physics. These books are precious gems for anyone trying to build overall view.

The idea that Nature would have habits just as we do is probably one of those aspects in Sheldrake's work, which generate most irritation in physicalists believing that Nature is governed by deterministic laws with classical determinism replaced with quantum statistical determinism. Sheldrake is one of those very few scientists able to see the reality rather than only the model of reality. Morphic resonance would make possible to establish the habits of Nature and the past would determine to high extent the present but on organic manner and in totally different sense as in the world of physicalist.

In this article I propose an interpretation for the vision of Sheldrake based on zero energy ontology and TGD based view about geometric time and experienced time forcing to accept the notions of 4-dimensional brain and society. In this framework the problem is to understand why our sensory perception is 3-dimensional whereas the standard problems related to memory disappear since memory corresponds to 4-D aspects of perception and of conscious experience and memory storage is 4-dimensional. The vision about gene expression as something to some extend analogous to a democratic decision of 4-D society looks rather natural in this framework and would explain some still poorly understood aspects of gene expression known from the days of Mendel. Therefore the term ″the prence of the past″ appearing in the title of one of Sheldrake's books has quite a concrete meaning in TGD Universe.


Category: Physics of Biology

[34] viXra:1111.0114 [pdf] replaced on 2012-01-30 07:30:08

Quantum Model for Remote Replication

Authors: Matti Pitkänen, Peter Gariaev
Comments: 10 Pages.

A model for remote replication of DNA is proposed. The motivating experimental discoveries are phantom DNA, the evidence for remote gene activation by scattered laser light from similar genome, and the recent findings of Montagnier's and Gariaev's groups suggesting remote DNA replication.

Phantom DNA is identified as dark nucleon sequences predicted by quantum TGD with dark nucleons defining naturally the analogs of DNA, RNA, tRNA, and amino-acids and realization of vertebrate genetic code. The notion of magnetic body defining a hierarchy of flux quanta realize as flux tubes connecting DNA nucleotides contained inside flux tubes connecting DNA codons and a condensed at flux sheets connecting DNA strands is an essential element of the model. Dark photons with large value of Planck constant coming as integer multiple of ordinary Planck constant propagate along flux quanta connecting biomolecules: this realizes the idea about wave DNA. Biomolecules act as quantum antennas and those with common antenna frequencies interact resonantly.

Biomolecules interacting strongly - in particular DNA nucleotides- would be characterized by same frequency. An additional coding is needed to distinguish between nucleotides: in the model for DNA as topological quantum computer quarks (u,d) and their antiquarks would code for the nucleotides A,T,C, and G would take care of this. The proposed role of quarks in biophysics of course makes sense only if one accepts the new physics predicted by quantum TGD. DNA codons (nucleotide triplets) would be coded by different frequencies which correspond to different values of Planck constant for photons with same photon energy propagating along corresponding flux tubes. This allows to interpret the previously proposed TGD based realization of so called divisor code proposed by Khrennikov and Nilsson in terms of quantum antenna mechanism.

In this framework the remote replication of DNA can be understood. DNA nucleotides interact resonantly with DNA strand and attach to the ends of the flux tubes emerging from DNA strand and organized on 2-D flux sheets. In Montagnier's experiment the interaction between test tubes A and B would be mediated by dark photons between DNA and dark nucleon sequences and amplify the dark photon beam, which in turn would induce remote replication. In the experiment of Gariaev scattered laser light would help to achieve the same purpose. Dark nucleon sequences would be generated in Montagnier's experiment by the homeopathic treatment of the test tube B.

Dark nucleon sequences could characterize the magnetic body of any polar molecule in water and give it a "name" written in terms of genetic codons so that genetic code would be much more general than usually thought. The dark nucleon sequence would be most naturally assigned with the hydrogen bonds between the molecule and the surrounding ordered water being perhaps generated when this layer of ordered water melts as the molecule becomes biologically active. Water memory and the basic mechanism of homeopathy would be due to the "dropping" of the magnetic bodies of polar molecules as the water is treated homeopathically and the dark nucleon sequences could define an independent life form evolving during the sequence of repeated dilutions and mechanical agitations taking the role environmental catastrophes as driving force of evolution. The association of DNA, RNA and amino-acid sequences associated with the corresponding dark nucleon sequences would be automatic since also also they are polar molecules surrounded by ordered water layers.

The transcription of the dark nucleon sequences associated the with the polar invader molecule to ordinary DNA sequences in turn coding of proteins attaching to the invader molecules by the quantum antenna mechanism could define the basic mechanism for functioning and evolution of the immune system.


Category: Physics of Biology

[33] viXra:1111.0110 [pdf] replaced on 2012-01-30 07:39:22

Oil Droplets as a Primitive Life Form?

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 12 Pages.

The origin of life is one the most fascinating problems of biology. The classic Miller-Urey experiment was carried out almost 60 years ago. In the experiment sparks were shot through primordial atmosphere consisting of methane, ammonia, hydrogen and water and the outcome was many of the aminoacids essential for life. The findings raised the optimism that the key to the understanding of the origins of life. After the death of Miller 2007 scientists re-examined sealed test tubes from the experiment using modern methods found that well over 20 aminoacids-more than the 20 occurring in life- were produced in the experiments.

The Urey-Miller experiments have yielded also another surprise: the black tar consisting mostly of hydrogen cyanide polymer produced in the experiments has turned out to be much more interesting than originally thought and suggests a direction where the candidates for precursors of living cells might be found. In earlier experiments nitrobenzene droplets doped with oleic anhydride exhibited some signatures of life. The droplets were capable to metabolism using oleic anhydride as ″fuel″ making for the droplet to move. Droplets can move along chemical gradients, sense each other′s presence and react to it and have also demonstrated rudimentary memory. Droplets can even ″solve″ a maze having ″food″ at its other end.

The basic objection against identification as primitive life form is that droplets have no genetic code and do not replicate. The model for dark nucleons however predicts that the states of nucleon are in one-one correspondence with DNA, RNA, tRNA, and aminoacid molecule and that vertebrate genetic code is naturally realized. The question is whether the realization of the genetic code in terms of dark nuclear strings might provide the system with genetic code and whether the replication could occur at the level of dark nucleon strings. In this article a model for oil droplets as a primitive life form is developed on basis of TGD inspired quantum model of biology. In particular, a proposal for how dark genes could couple to chemistry of oil droplets is developed.


Category: Physics of Biology

[32] viXra:1111.0109 [pdf] replaced on 2012-01-30 07:40:52

Generalization of Thermodynamics Allowing Negentropic Entanglement and a Model for Conscious Information Processing

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 8 Pages.

Costa de Beauregard considers a model for information processing by a computer based on an analogy with Carnot's heat engine. As such the model Beauregard for computer does not look convincing as a model for what happens in biological information processing.

Combined with TGD based vision about living matter, the model however inspires a model for how conscious information is generated and how the second law of thermodynamics must be modified in TGD framework. The basic formulas of thermodynamics remain as such since the modification means only the replacement S→ S-N, where S is thermodynamical entropy and N the negentropy associated with negentropic entanglement. This allows to circumvent the basic objections against the application of Beauregard's model to living systems. One can also understand why living matter is so effective entropy producer as compared to inanimate matter and also the characteristic decomposition of living systems to highly negentropic and entropic parts as a consequence of generalized second law.


Category: Physics of Biology

[31] viXra:1111.0108 [pdf] replaced on 2012-01-30 08:08:08

DNA Waves and Water

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 11 Pages.

The group of HIV Nobelist L. Montagnier has published two articles challenging the standard views about genetic code and providing strong support for the notion of water memory. Already the results of the first article suggested implicitly the existence of a new kind nano-scale representation of genetic code and the the recent article makes this claim explicitly. The TGD based model for the findings was based on the notion of magnetic body representing biologi- cally relevant aspects of molecules in terms of cyclotron frequencies. The model involved also the realization of genetic code using electromagnetic field patterns and as dark nucleon strings and led to a proposal that the analogs of trancription and translation are realized for the dark variants of DNA, RNA, tRNa, and aminoacids represented in terms of dark nucleon strings. Also processes transcribing ordinary and dark variants of the biomolecules to each other were proposed. This would make possible R&D-like controlled evolution based on experimentation using dark representations of biomoleculesd defining kind of virtual world.

The recent findings of the group of Montagnier allow a more detailed formulation of the model and suggest a general mechanism for generalized transcription and translation processes based on the reconnection of magnetic flux tubes between the molecules in question. A new element is the proposed role of ordered water and hydrogen bonds in the formation of water memories. These representation would result from the dropping of the magnetic bodies of molecules as the hydrogen bonds connecting the molecule to water molecules of the ordered water layer around it-analogous to ice layer- are split during the mechanical agitation. A similar process occurs quite generally when external energy feed excites the resting state of cell and induces protein folding and its reversal and the formation of protein aggregates. Good metaphors for resting state and excited states are cellular winter and summer. The necessity of a repeated dilution and mechanical agitation could be understood if agitation provides metabolic energy for the replication of the magnetic bodies filling the diluted water volume and gives rise to a series of "environmental catastrophes" inducing evolutionary leaps increasing the typical value of Planck constant associated with the magnetic bodies until the energy E = hf of 7 Hz dark photons exceeds the thermal energy at room temperature.


Category: Physics of Biology

[30] viXra:1111.0107 [pdf] replaced on 2012-01-30 08:16:59

Model for the Findings about Hologram Generating Properties of DNA

Authors: Peter Gariaev, Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 27 Pages.

A TGD inspired model for the strange replica structures observed when DNA sample is radiated by red, IR, and UV light using two methods by Peter Gariaev and collaborators. The first method produces what is tentatively interpreted as replica images of either DNA sample or of five red lamps used to irradiate the sample. Second method produce replica image of environment with replication in horizontal direction but only at the right hand side of the apparatus. Also a white phantom variant of the replica trajectory observed in the first experiment is observed and has in vertical direction the size scale of the apparatus.

p> The model is developed in order to explain the characteristic features of the replica patterns. The basic notions are magnetic body, massless extremal (topological light ray), the existence of Bose-Einstein condensates of Cooper pairs at magnetic flux tubes, and dark photons with large value of Planck constant for which macroscopic quantum coherence is possible. The hypothesis is that the first method makes part of the magnetic body of DNA sample visible whereas method II would produce replica hologram of environment using dark photons and produce also a phantom image of the magnetic tubes becoming visible by method I. Replicas would result as mirror hall effect in the sense that the dark photons would move back and forth between the part of magnetic body becoming visible by method I and serving as a mirror and the objects of environment serving also as mirrors. What is however required is that not only the outer boundaries of objects visible via ordinary reflection act as mirrors but also the parts of the outer boundary not usually visible perform mirror function so that an essentially 3-D vision providing information about the geometry of the entire object would be in question. Many-sheeted space-time allows this.

The presence of the hologram image for method II requires the self-sustainment of the reference beam only whereas the presence of phantom DNA image for method I requires the self-sustainment of both beams. Non-linear dynamics for the energy feed from DNA to the magnetic body could make possible self-sustainment for both beams simultaneously. Non-linear dynamics for beams themselves could allow for the self-sustainment of reference beam and/or reflected beam. The latter option is favored by data.


Category: Physics of Biology

[29] viXra:0912.0022 [pdf] replaced on 12 Jan 2011

Teilhard de Chardin - Prophet of the Information Age

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 9 pages. This paper has also been published as a Google "Knol".

Teilhard de Chardin's notions of the "Noosphere" and the "Omega Point" are explored in the context of current knowledge and theory, especially J.E. Lovelock's conception of "Gaia" - planet Earth as a superorganism. Space-faring humans are seen as the "seeds" or dispersal agents of Gaia's reproductive phase, carrying Earth-life into the Galaxy. "Noah's Ark" is a vision of the future, not the past.
Category: Physics of Biology

[28] viXra:0911.0026 [pdf] replaced on 2014-10-18 10:17:49

Darwin, Newton, and the Abundance of Life in the Universe

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 4 Pages. adding French translation link

Two giants of British science, Newton and Darwin, developed theories of negentropic force in physics and biology. The two scientists are adjacently interred in Westminster Abby, and their theories of gravity and evolution likewise share common ground and a fractal resonance with DNA. Because DNA/RNA is both a replicating molecule and part of the universal 4x3 fractal pattern, the implications for the abundance of life in the Cosmos are enormous.
Category: Physics of Biology

[27] viXra:0910.0063 [pdf] replaced on 5 May 2011

The Human Connection

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 13 pages, This paper has also been published as a Google "Knol".

As Carl Sagan famously said, we are "star stuff" exploring the stars. Life is the information pathway by which the universe achieves self-awareness and explores itself, including evolving new modes of creativity and beauty. In terms of creativity, humans represent a fractal iteration of the creative energy of the Cosmos, as well as of its evolutionary powers. Because the entire material universe devolves from light, matter and life are a conserved form of the information content latent in light, expressed primordially through the broken symmetry of light leading to atomic matter and charge conservation. The charges of matter are the symmetry debts of light (Noether's Theorem), and through these charges the energy of light is transformed into the information content of the world. Hence it is ultimately through the connection between atoms and light, charge conservation and symmetry conservation, that humans retain their connection to the primordial creative energies and latent information content of the universe (and the multiverse). "We come trailing clouds of glory..."
Category: Physics of Biology

[26] viXra:0910.0063 [pdf] replaced on 27 Sep 2010

The Human Connection

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 12 pages, This paper has also been published as a Google "Knol".

I discuss some specifically human (meta-physical) connections with the Cosmos. Life is the information pathway by which the universe awakens to and explores itself; humans are (locally) the most advanced expression of this evolving cosmic self-awareness and consciousness. Human life is significant to the extent it enriches the self-awareness, knowledge, creativity, general and personalized experience of the Cosmos.
Category: Physics of Biology

[25] viXra:0910.0025 [pdf] replaced on 23 Aug 2010

The Information Pathway

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 19 pages, This paper has also been published as a Google "Knol".

The Fractal Organization of Nature is seen as an information pathway whereby the Universe becomes selfaware through the spiritual awakening of humanity. The natural hierarchy is modeled as a sort of "Jacob's ladder" whereby Homo sapiens ascends to the astrophysical realm, realizing our destiny as galactic citizens, and dispersing Earth-life into the Cosmos.
Category: Physics of Biology

[24] viXra:0910.0025 [pdf] replaced on 4 Nov 2009

The Information Pathway

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 19 pages, This paper has also been published as a Google "Knol".

The Fractal Organization of Nature is seen as an information pathway whereby the Universe becomes selfaware through the spiritual awakening of humanity. The natural hierarchy is modeled as a sort of "Jacob's ladder" whereby Homo sapiens ascends to the astrophysical realm, realizing our destiny as galactic citizens, and dispersing Earth-life into the Cosmos.
Category: Physics of Biology

[23] viXra:0908.0023 [pdf] replaced on 3 Nov 2010

Genes and Memes

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 640 pages

The first part of book discusses the new physics relevant to biology and the vision about Universe as topological quantum computer (tqc).

  1. The notion of many-sheeted DNA and a model of genetic code inspired by the notion of Combinatorial Hierarchy predicting what I call memetic code are introduced. The almost exact symmetries of the code table with respect to the third letter inspire the proposal that genetic code could have evolved as fusion of two-letter code and single-letter code.
  2. A model for how genome and cell membrane could act as tqc is developed. Magnetic flux tubes containing dark matter characterized by large value of Planck constant would make living matter a macroscopic quantum system. DNA nucleotides and lipids of the cell membrane would be connected by magnetic flux tubes and the flow of the 2-D liquid formed by lipids would induce dynamical braiding defining the computation.
  3. The net of magnetic flux tubes could explain the properties of gel phase. Phase transitions reducing Planck constant would induce a contraction of the flux tubes explaining why bio-molecules manage to find each other in a dense soup of bio-molecules. The topology of the net would be dynamical and ADP ↔ ATP transformation could affect it. The anomalies related to ionic currents, nerve pulse activity, and interaction of ELF radiation with vertebrate brain find an explanation in this framework. The number theoretic entanglement entropy able to have negative values could be seen as the real quintenssence associated with the metabolic energy transfer, and the poorly understood high energy phosphate bond could be interpreted in terms of negentropic entanglement rather than ordinary bound state entanglement.
  4. The discoveries of Peter Gariaev about interaction of ordinary and laser light with genome combined with ideas about dark matter and water memory lead to a model for the interaction of photons with DNA. Dark ↔ ordinary transformation for photons could allow to "see" dark matter by allowing ordinary light to interact with DNA.
  5. A physical model for genetic code emerged from an attempt to understand the mechanism behind water memory. Dark nuclei which sizes zoomed up to atomic size scale could represent genes. The model for dark nucleon consisting of three quarks predicts counterparts of 64 DNAs, 64 RNAs, and 20 aminoacids and allows to identify genetic code as a natural mapping of DNA type states to amino-acid type states and consistent with vertebrate genetic code.

The third part of the book discusses number theoretical models of the genetic code based on p-adic thermodynamics and maximization of entropy or negentropy. These models reproduce the genetic code but fail to make killer predictions.


Category: Physics of Biology

[22] viXra:0908.0023 [pdf] replaced on 14 Oct 2009

Genes and Memes

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 602 pages

The first part of book discusses the new physics relevant to biology and the vision about Universe as topological quantum computer (tqc). Second part describes concrete physical models.

  1. The notion of many-sheeted DNA and a model of genetic code inspired by the notion of Combinatorial Hierarchy predicting what I call memetic code are introduced. The almost exact symmetries of the code table with respect to the third letter inspire the proposal that genetic code could have evolved as fusion of two-letter code and single-letter code.
  2. A model for how genome and cell membrane could act as tqc is developed. Magnetic flux tubes containing dark matter characterized by large value of Planck constant would make living matter a macroscopic quantum system. DNA nucleotides and lipids of the cell membrane would be connected by magnetic flux tubes and the flow of the 2-D liquid formed by lipids would induce dynamical braiding defining the computation.
  3. The net of magnetic flux tubes could explain the properties of gel phase. Phase transitions reducing Planck constant would induce a contraction of the flux tubes explaining why biomolecules manage to find each other in a dense soup of bio-molecules. The topology of the net would be dynamical and ADP ↔ ATP transformation could affect it. The anomalies related to ionic currents, nerve pulse activity, and interaction of ELF radiation with vertebrate brain find an explanation in this framework.
  4. The discoveries of Peter Gariaev about interaction of ordinary and laser light with genome combined with ideas about dark matter and water memory lead to a model for the interaction of photons with DNA. Dark ↔ ordinary transformation for photons could allow to "see" dark matter by allowing ordinary light to interact with DNA.
  5. A physical model for genetic code emerged from an attempt to understand the mechanism behind water memory. Dark nuclei which sizes zoomed up to atomic size scale could represent genes. The model for dark nucleon consisting of three quarks predicts counterparts of 64 DNAs, 64 RNAs, and 20 aminoacids and allows to identify genetic code as a natural mapping of DNA type states to amino-acid type states and consistent with vertebrate genetic code.
The third part of the book discusses number theoretical models of the genetic code based on p-adic thermodynamics and maximization of entropy or negentropy. These models reproduce the genetic code but fail to make killer predictions.
Category: Physics of Biology

[21] viXra:0908.0022 [pdf] replaced on 2014-09-26 04:54:44

Quantum Hardware of Living Matter

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 490 Pages. Updating

This book represents a view about quantum hardware of living systems in TGD framework. Since the vision is bound to look highly speculative, it is good to emphasize that the most important predictions follow almost without any reference to the classical field equations using only quantum classical correspondence. </p><p> The new conceptual elements are the notion of many-sheeted space-time having fractal hierarchical structure, 4-D spin glass degeneracy of the preferred extremals of K&auml;hler action providing huge information storage capacity, topological field quantization, the notion of magnetic/field body serving as intentional agent using biological body as sensory receptor and motor instrument, zero energy ontology leading to a new view about energy and about the relationship between experienced and geometric time, dark matter hierarchy realized in terms of book like structure of 8-D imbedding space with pages labeled by values of Planck constant, the assumption that the phase transitions changing the value of Planck constant provide a key control tool in living matter, and p-adic length scale hypothesis allowing quantitative grasp to the situation. </p><p> <OL> <LI> Three chapters of this book are devoted to the model of high $T<sub>c</sub>$ super-conductivity relying strongly on the notions of quantum criticality and dark matter. <LI> Two chapters discuss quantum antenna hypothesis inspired by topological light rays (M(assless) E(xtremals)) and the notion of wormhole magnetic fields. Notice that the notion of wormhole magnetic field was introduced much before the hypothesis that bosons and also interaction fermions have a natural identification as wormhole contacts emerged. The recent view about quantum TGD suggests the interpretation wormhole magnetic fields as dark scaled up versions of elementary particles identified as K&auml;hler magnetic flux tubes identified as pairs of magnetically charged wormhole contacts carrying at the second wormhole throat neutrino pair neutralizing the weak isospin of the fermion at the second wormhole throat. For ordinary value of Planck constant the length of is flux would be given by weak length scale. Therefore weak interactions in biological length scales are involved giving rise to large parity breaking effects. Also scaled up QCD is involved and implying hadron like states in biological length scales. <LI> Two chapters are devoted to the possible biological implications of the hypothesis that dark matter corresponds to macroscopic quantum phases characterized by a large value of Planck constant and is the key actor in living matter. <LI> A possible identification of quantum correlates of sensory qualia is discussed assuming that qualia are in one-one correspondence with the increments of quantum numbers in quantum jump. Also a simple model for sensory receptor is introduced. The recent view about cell membrane as almost vacuum extremal of K&auml;hler action explains large parity breaking effects in living matter and also the peak frequencies of photoreceptors in retina. Also a model for the cell membrane as a kind of sensory homunculus with lipids identified as pixels of a sensory map representing basic qualia follows naturally. Furthermore, EEG photons and biophotons can be identified as decay products of same dark photons. </OL>
Category: Physics of Biology

[20] viXra:0908.0022 [pdf] replaced on 2013-09-09 06:47:46

Quantum Hardware of Living Matter

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 458 Pages.

This book represents a view about quantum hardware of living systems in TGD framework. Since the vision is bound to look highly speculative, it is good to emphasize that the most important predictions follow almost without any reference to the classical field equations using only quantum classical correspondence. </p><p> The new conceptual elements are the notion of many-sheeted space-time having fractal hierarchical structure, 4-D spin glass degeneracy of the preferred extremals of K&auml;hler action providing huge information storage capacity, topological field quantization, the notion of magnetic/field body serving as intentional agent using biological body as sensory receptor and motor instrument, zero energy ontology leading to a new view about energy and about the relationship between experienced and geometric time, dark matter hierarchy realized in terms of book like structure of 8-D imbedding space with pages labeled by values of Planck constant, the assumption that the phase transitions changing the value of Planck constant provide a key control tool in living matter, and p-adic length scale hypothesis allowing quantitative grasp to the situation. </p><p> <OL> <LI> Three chapters of this book are devoted to the model of high $T<sub>c</sub>$ super-conductivity relying strongly on the notions of quantum criticality and dark matter. <LI> Two chapters discuss quantum antenna hypothesis inspired by topological light rays (M(assless) E(xtremals)) and the notion of wormhole magnetic fields. Notice that the notion of wormhole magnetic field was introduced much before the hypothesis that bosons and also interaction fermions have a natural identification as wormhole contacts emerged. The recent view about quantum TGD suggests the interpretation wormhole magnetic fields as dark scaled up versions of elementary particles identified as K&auml;hler magnetic flux tubes identified as pairs of magnetically charged wormhole contacts carrying at the second wormhole throat neutrino pair neutralizing the weak isospin of the fermion at the second wormhole throat. For ordinary value of Planck constant the length of is flux would be given by weak length scale. Therefore weak interactions in biological length scales are involved giving rise to large parity breaking effects. Also scaled up QCD is involved and implying hadron like states in biological length scales. <LI> Two chapters are devoted to the possible biological implications of the hypothesis that dark matter corresponds to macroscopic quantum phases characterized by a large value of Planck constant and is the key actor in living matter. <LI> A possible identification of quantum correlates of sensory qualia is discussed assuming that qualia are in one-one correspondence with the increments of quantum numbers in quantum jump. Also a simple model for sensory receptor is introduced. The recent view about cell membrane as almost vacuum extremal of K&auml;hler action explains large parity breaking effects in living matter and also the peak frequencies of photoreceptors in retina. Also a model for the cell membrane as a kind of sensory homunculus with lipids identified as pixels of a sensory map representing basic qualia follows naturally. Furthermore, EEG photons and biophotons can be identified as decay products of same dark photons. </OL>
Category: Physics of Biology

[19] viXra:0908.0022 [pdf] replaced on 2013-02-17 01:43:04

Quantum Hardware of Living Matter

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 440 Pages. Correction of systematic error in bibliographies

This book represents a view about quantum hardware of living systems in TGD framework. Since the vision is bound to look highly speculative, it is good to emphasize that the most important predictions follow almost without any reference to the classical field equations using only quantum classical correspondence. </p><p> The new conceptual elements are the notion of many-sheeted space-time having fractal hierarchical structure, 4-D spin glass degeneracy of the preferred extremals of K&auml;hler action providing huge information storage capacity, topological field quantization, the notion of magnetic/field body serving as intentional agent using biological body as sensory receptor and motor instrument, zero energy ontology leading to a new view about energy and about the relationship between experienced and geometric time, dark matter hierarchy realized in terms of book like structure of 8-D imbedding space with pages labeled by values of Planck constant, the assumption that the phase transitions changing the value of Planck constant provide a key control tool in living matter, and p-adic length scale hypothesis allowing quantitative grasp to the situation. </p><p> <OL> <LI> Three chapters of this book are devoted to the model of high $T<sub>c</sub>$ super-conductivity relying strongly on the notions of quantum criticality and dark matter. <LI> Two chapters discuss quantum antenna hypothesis inspired by topological light rays (M(assless) E(xtremals)) and the notion of wormhole magnetic fields. Notice that the notion of wormhole magnetic field was introduced much before the hypothesis that bosons and also interaction fermions have a natural identification as wormhole contacts emerged. The recent view about quantum TGD suggests the interpretation wormhole magnetic fields as dark scaled up versions of elementary particles identified as K&auml;hler magnetic flux tubes identified as pairs of magnetically charged wormhole contacts carrying at the second wormhole throat neutrino pair neutralizing the weak isospin of the fermion at the second wormhole throat. For ordinary value of Planck constant the length of is flux would be given by weak length scale. Therefore weak interactions in biological length scales are involved giving rise to large parity breaking effects. Also scaled up QCD is involved and implying hadron like states in biological length scales. <LI> Two chapters are devoted to the possible biological implications of the hypothesis that dark matter corresponds to macroscopic quantum phases characterized by a large value of Planck constant and is the key actor in living matter. <LI> A possible identification of quantum correlates of sensory qualia is discussed assuming that qualia are in one-one correspondence with the increments of quantum numbers in quantum jump. Also a simple model for sensory receptor is introduced. The recent view about cell membrane as almost vacuum extremal of K&auml;hler action explains large parity breaking effects in living matter and also the peak frequencies of photoreceptors in retina. Also a model for the cell membrane as a kind of sensory homunculus with lipids identified as pixels of a sensory map representing basic qualia follows naturally. Furthermore, EEG photons and biophotons can be identified as decay products of same dark photons. </OL>
Category: Physics of Biology

[18] viXra:0908.0022 [pdf] replaced on 2013-01-01 08:02:10

Quantum Hardware of Living Matter

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 586 Pages. corrections to references and index

This book represents a view about quantum hardware of living systems in TGD framework. Since the vision is bound to look highly speculative, it is good to emphasize that the most important predictions follow almost without any reference to the classical field equations using only quantum classical correspondence. </p><p> The new conceptual elements are the notion of many-sheeted space-time having fractal hierarchical structure, 4-D spin glass degeneracy of the preferred extremals of K&auml;hler action providing huge information storage capacity, topological field quantization, the notion of magnetic/field body serving as intentional agent using biological body as sensory receptor and motor instrument, zero energy ontology leading to a new view about energy and about the relationship between experienced and geometric time, dark matter hierarchy realized in terms of book like structure of 8-D imbedding space with pages labeled by values of Planck constant, the assumption that the phase transitions changing the value of Planck constant provide a key control tool in living matter, and p-adic length scale hypothesis allowing quantitative grasp to the situation. </p><p> <OL> <LI> Three chapters of this book are devoted to the model of high $T<sub>c</sub>$ super-conductivity relying strongly on the notions of quantum criticality and dark matter. <LI> Two chapters discuss quantum antenna hypothesis inspired by topological light rays (M(assless) E(xtremals)) and the notion of wormhole magnetic fields. Notice that the notion of wormhole magnetic field was introduced much before the hypothesis that bosons and also interaction fermions have a natural identification as wormhole contacts emerged. The recent view about quantum TGD suggests the interpretation wormhole magnetic fields as dark scaled up versions of elementary particles identified as K&auml;hler magnetic flux tubes identified as pairs of magnetically charged wormhole contacts carrying at the second wormhole throat neutrino pair neutralizing the weak isospin of the fermion at the second wormhole throat. For ordinary value of Planck constant the length of is flux would be given by weak length scale. Therefore weak interactions in biological length scales are involved giving rise to large parity breaking effects. Also scaled up QCD is involved and implying hadron like states in biological length scales. <LI> Two chapters are devoted to the possible biological implications of the hypothesis that dark matter corresponds to macroscopic quantum phases characterized by a large value of Planck constant and is the key actor in living matter. <LI> A possible identification of quantum correlates of sensory qualia is discussed assuming that qualia are in one-one correspondence with the increments of quantum numbers in quantum jump. Also a simple model for sensory receptor is introduced. The recent view about cell membrane as almost vacuum extremal of K&auml;hler action explains large parity breaking effects in living matter and also the peak frequencies of photoreceptors in retina. Also a model for the cell membrane as a kind of sensory homunculus with lipids identified as pixels of a sensory map representing basic qualia follows naturally. Furthermore, EEG photons and biophotons can be identified as decay products of same dark photons. </OL>
Category: Physics of Biology

[17] viXra:0908.0022 [pdf] replaced on 2012-11-13 01:22:43

Quantum Hardware of Living Matter

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 628 Pages. systematic error in bibliografies

This book represents a view about quantum hardware of living systems in TGD framework. Since the vision is bound to look highly speculative, it is good to emphasize that the most important predictions follow almost without any reference to the classical field equations using only quantum classical correspondence. </p><p> The new conceptual elements are the notion of many-sheeted space-time having fractal hierarchical structure, 4-D spin glass degeneracy of the preferred extremals of K&auml;hler action providing huge information storage capacity, topological field quantization, the notion of magnetic/field body serving as intentional agent using biological body as sensory receptor and motor instrument, zero energy ontology leading to a new view about energy and about the relationship between experienced and geometric time, dark matter hierarchy realized in terms of book like structure of 8-D imbedding space with pages labeled by values of Planck constant, the assumption that the phase transitions changing the value of Planck constant provide a key control tool in living matter, and p-adic length scale hypothesis allowing quantitative grasp to the situation. </p><p> <OL> <LI> Three chapters of this book are devoted to the model of high $T<sub>c</sub>$ super-conductivity relying strongly on the notions of quantum criticality and dark matter. <LI> Two chapters discuss quantum antenna hypothesis inspired by topological light rays (M(assless) E(xtremals)) and the notion of wormhole magnetic fields. Notice that the notion of wormhole magnetic field was introduced much before the hypothesis that bosons and also interaction fermions have a natural identification as wormhole contacts emerged. The recent view about quantum TGD suggests the interpretation wormhole magnetic fields as dark scaled up versions of elementary particles identified as K&auml;hler magnetic flux tubes identified as pairs of magnetically charged wormhole contacts carrying at the second wormhole throat neutrino pair neutralizing the weak isospin of the fermion at the second wormhole throat. For ordinary value of Planck constant the length of is flux would be given by weak length scale. Therefore weak interactions in biological length scales are involved giving rise to large parity breaking effects. Also scaled up QCD is involved and implying hadron like states in biological length scales. <LI> Two chapters are devoted to the possible biological implications of the hypothesis that dark matter corresponds to macroscopic quantum phases characterized by a large value of Planck constant and is the key actor in living matter. <LI> A possible identification of quantum correlates of sensory qualia is discussed assuming that qualia are in one-one correspondence with the increments of quantum numbers in quantum jump. Also a simple model for sensory receptor is introduced. The recent view about cell membrane as almost vacuum extremal of K&auml;hler action explains large parity breaking effects in living matter and also the peak frequencies of photoreceptors in retina. Also a model for the cell membrane as a kind of sensory homunculus with lipids identified as pixels of a sensory map representing basic qualia follows naturally. Furthermore, EEG photons and biophotons can be identified as decay products of same dark photons. </OL>
Category: Physics of Biology

[16] viXra:0908.0022 [pdf] replaced on 2012-09-22 02:26:19

Quantum Hardware of Living Matter

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 628 Pages. Polishing

This book represents a view about quantum hardware of living systems in TGD framework. Since the vision is bound to look highly speculative, it is good to emphasize that the most important predictions follow almost without any reference to the classical field equations using only quantum classical correspondence. </p><p> The new conceptual elements are the notion of many-sheeted space-time having fractal hierarchical structure, 4-D spin glass degeneracy of the preferred extremals of K&auml;hler action providing huge information storage capacity, topological field quantization, the notion of magnetic/field body serving as intentional agent using biological body as sensory receptor and motor instrument, zero energy ontology leading to a new view about energy and about the relationship between experienced and geometric time, dark matter hierarchy realized in terms of book like structure of 8-D imbedding space with pages labeled by values of Planck constant, the assumption that the phase transitions changing the value of Planck constant provide a key control tool in living matter, and p-adic length scale hypothesis allowing quantitative grasp to the situation. </p><p> <OL> <LI> Three chapters of this book are devoted to the model of high $T<sub>c</sub>$ super-conductivity relying strongly on the notions of quantum criticality and dark matter. <LI> Two chapters discuss quantum antenna hypothesis inspired by topological light rays (M(assless) E(xtremals)) and the notion of wormhole magnetic fields. Notice that the notion of wormhole magnetic field was introduced much before the hypothesis that bosons and also interaction fermions have a natural identification as wormhole contacts emerged. The recent view about quantum TGD suggests the interpretation wormhole magnetic fields as dark scaled up versions of elementary particles identified as K&auml;hler magnetic flux tubes identified as pairs of magnetically charged wormhole contacts carrying at the second wormhole throat neutrino pair neutralizing the weak isospin of the fermion at the second wormhole throat. For ordinary value of Planck constant the length of is flux would be given by weak length scale. Therefore weak interactions in biological length scales are involved giving rise to large parity breaking effects. Also scaled up QCD is involved and implying hadron like states in biological length scales. <LI> Two chapters are devoted to the possible biological implications of the hypothesis that dark matter corresponds to macroscopic quantum phases characterized by a large value of Planck constant and is the key actor in living matter. <LI> A possible identification of quantum correlates of sensory qualia is discussed assuming that qualia are in one-one correspondence with the increments of quantum numbers in quantum jump. Also a simple model for sensory receptor is introduced. The recent view about cell membrane as almost vacuum extremal of K&auml;hler action explains large parity breaking effects in living matter and also the peak frequencies of photoreceptors in retina. Also a model for the cell membrane as a kind of sensory homunculus with lipids identified as pixels of a sensory map representing basic qualia follows naturally. Furthermore, EEG photons and biophotons can be identified as decay products of same dark photons. </OL>
Category: Physics of Biology

[15] viXra:0908.0022 [pdf] replaced on 2012-07-01 08:23:47

Quantum Hardware of Living Matter

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 630 Pages.

This book represents a view about quantum hardware of living systems in TGD framework. Since the vision is bound to look highly speculative, it is good to emphasize that the most important predictions follow almost without any reference to the classical field equations using only quantum classical correspondence. </p><p> The new conceptual elements are the notion of many-sheeted space-time having fractal hierarchical structure, 4-D spin glass degeneracy of the preferred extremals of K&auml;hler action providing huge information storage capacity, topological field quantization, the notion of magnetic/field body serving as intentional agent using biological body as sensory receptor and motor instrument, zero energy ontology leading to a new view about energy and about the relationship between experienced and geometric time, dark matter hierarchy realized in terms of book like structure of 8-D imbedding space with pages labeled by values of Planck constant, the assumption that the phase transitions changing the value of Planck constant provide a key control tool in living matter, and p-adic length scale hypothesis allowing quantitative grasp to the situation. </p><p> <OL> <LI> Three chapters of this book are devoted to the model of high $T<sub>c</sub>$ super-conductivity relying strongly on the notions of quantum criticality and dark matter. <LI> Two chapters discuss quantum antenna hypothesis inspired by topological light rays (M(assless) E(xtremals)) and the notion of wormhole magnetic fields. Notice that the notion of wormhole magnetic field was introduced much before the hypothesis that bosons and also interaction fermions have a natural identification as wormhole contacts emerged. The recent view about quantum TGD suggests the interpretation wormhole magnetic fields as dark scaled up versions of elementary particles identified as K&auml;hler magnetic flux tubes identified as pairs of magnetically charged wormhole contacts carrying at the second wormhole throat neutrino pair neutralizing the weak isospin of the fermion at the second wormhole throat. For ordinary value of Planck constant the length of is flux would be given by weak length scale. Therefore weak interactions in biological length scales are involved giving rise to large parity breaking effects. Also scaled up QCD is involved and implying hadron like states in biological length scales. <LI> Two chapters are devoted to the possible biological implications of the hypothesis that dark matter corresponds to macroscopic quantum phases characterized by a large value of Planck constant and is the key actor in living matter. <LI> A possible identification of quantum correlates of sensory qualia is discussed assuming that qualia are in one-one correspondence with the increments of quantum numbers in quantum jump. Also a simple model for sensory receptor is introduced. The recent view about cell membrane as almost vacuum extremal of K&auml;hler action explains large parity breaking effects in living matter and also the peak frequencies of photoreceptors in retina. Also a model for the cell membrane as a kind of sensory homunculus with lipids identified as pixels of a sensory map representing basic qualia follows naturally. Furthermore, EEG photons and biophotons can be identified as decay products of same dark photons. </OL>
Category: Physics of Biology

[14] viXra:0908.0022 [pdf] replaced on 2012-01-30 22:24:12

Quantum Hardware of Living Matter

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 602 Pages.

This book represents a view about quantum hardware of living systems in TGD framework. Since the vision is bound to look highly speculative, it is good to emphasize that the most important predictions follow almost without any reference to the classical field equations using only quantum classical correspondence. </p><p> The new conceptual elements are the notion of many-sheeted space-time having fractal hierarchical structure, 4-D spin glass degeneracy of the preferred extremals of K&auml;hler action providing huge information storage capacity, topological field quantization, the notion of magnetic/field body serving as intentional agent using biological body as sensory receptor and motor instrument, zero energy ontology leading to a new view about energy and about the relationship between experienced and geometric time, dark matter hierarchy realized in terms of book like structure of 8-D imbedding space with pages labeled by values of Planck constant, the assumption that the phase transitions changing the value of Planck constant provide a key control tool in living matter, and p-adic length scale hypothesis allowing quantitative grasp to the situation. </p><p> <OL> <LI> Three chapters of this book are devoted to the model of high $T<sub>c</sub>$ super-conductivity relying strongly on the notions of quantum criticality and dark matter. <LI> Two chapters discuss quantum antenna hypothesis inspired by topological light rays (M(assless) E(xtremals)) and the notion of wormhole magnetic fields. Notice that the notion of wormhole magnetic field was introduced much before the hypothesis that bosons and also interaction fermions have a natural identification as wormhole contacts emerged. The recent view about quantum TGD suggests the interpretation wormhole magnetic fields as dark scaled up versions of elementary particles identified as K&auml;hler magnetic flux tubes identified as pairs of magnetically charged wormhole contacts carrying at the second wormhole throat neutrino pair neutralizing the weak isospin of the fermion at the second wormhole throat. For ordinary value of Planck constant the length of is flux would be given by weak length scale. Therefore weak interactions in biological length scales are involved giving rise to large parity breaking effects. Also scaled up QCD is involved and implying hadron like states in biological length scales. <LI> Two chapters are devoted to the possible biological implications of the hypothesis that dark matter corresponds to macroscopic quantum phases characterized by a large value of Planck constant and is the key actor in living matter. <LI> A possible identification of quantum correlates of sensory qualia is discussed assuming that qualia are in one-one correspondence with the increments of quantum numbers in quantum jump. Also a simple model for sensory receptor is introduced. The recent view about cell membrane as almost vacuum extremal of K&auml;hler action explains large parity breaking effects in living matter and also the peak frequencies of photoreceptors in retina. Also a model for the cell membrane as a kind of sensory homunculus with lipids identified as pixels of a sensory map representing basic qualia follows naturally. Furthermore, EEG photons and biophotons can be identified as decay products of same dark photons. </OL>
Category: Physics of Biology

[13] viXra:0908.0022 [pdf] replaced on 2011-12-03 23:51:38

Quantum Hardware of Living Matter

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 598 Pages.

This book represents a view about quantum hardware of living systems in TGD framework. Since the vision is bound to look highly speculative, it is good to emphasize that the most important predictions follow almost without any reference to the classical field equations using only quantum classical correspondence. </p><p> The new conceptual elements are the notion of many-sheeted space-time having fractal hierarchical structure, 4-D spin glass degeneracy of the preferred extremals of K&auml;hler action providing huge information storage capacity, topological field quantization, the notion of magnetic/field body serving as intentional agent using biological body as sensory receptor and motor instrument, zero energy ontology leading to a new view about energy and about the relationship between experienced and geometric time, dark matter hierarchy realized in terms of book like structure of 8-D imbedding space with pages labeled by values of Planck constant, the assumption that the phase transitions changing the value of Planck constant provide a key control tool in living matter, and p-adic length scale hypothesis allowing quantitative grasp to the situation. </p><p> <OL> <LI> Three chapters of this book are devoted to the model of high $T<sub>c</sub>$ super-conductivity relying strongly on the notions of quantum criticality and dark matter. <LI> Two chapters discuss quantum antenna hypothesis inspired by topological light rays (M(assless) E(xtremals)) and the notion of wormhole magnetic fields. Notice that the notion of wormhole magnetic field was introduced much before the hypothesis that bosons and also interaction fermions have a natural identification as wormhole contacts emerged. The recent view about quantum TGD suggests the interpretation wormhole magnetic fields as dark scaled up versions of elementary particles identified as K&auml;hler magnetic flux tubes identified as pairs of magnetically charged wormhole contacts carrying at the second wormhole throat neutrino pair neutralizing the weak isospin of the fermion at the second wormhole throat. For ordinary value of Planck constant the length of is flux would be given by weak length scale. Therefore weak interactions in biological length scales are involved giving rise to large parity breaking effects. Also scaled up QCD is involved and implying hadron like states in biological length scales. <LI> Two chapters are devoted to the possible biological implications of the hypothesis that dark matter corresponds to macroscopic quantum phases characterized by a large value of Planck constant and is the key actor in living matter. <LI> A possible identification of quantum correlates of sensory qualia is discussed assuming that qualia are in one-one correspondence with the increments of quantum numbers in quantum jump. Also a simple model for sensory receptor is introduced. The recent view about cell membrane as almost vacuum extremal of K&auml;hler action explains large parity breaking effects in living matter and also the peak frequencies of photoreceptors in retina. Also a model for the cell membrane as a kind of sensory homunculus with lipids identified as pixels of a sensory map representing basic qualia follows naturally. Furthermore, EEG photons and biophotons can be identified as decay products of same dark photons. </OL>
Category: Physics of Biology

[12] viXra:0908.0022 [pdf] replaced on 3 Nov 2010

Quantum Hardware of Living Matter

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 472 pages

This book represents a view about quantum hardware of living systems in TGD framework. Since the vision is bound to look highly speculative, it is good to emphasize that the most important predictions follow almost without any reference to the classical field equations using only quantum classical correspondence.

The new conceptual elements are the notion of many-sheeted space-time having fractal hierarchical structure, 4-D spin glass degeneracy of the preferred extremals of Kähler action providing huge information storage capacity, topological field quantization, the notion of magnetic/field body serving as intentional agent using biological body as sensory receptor and motor instrument, zero energy ontology leading to a new view about energy and about the relationship between experienced and geometric time, dark matter hierarchy realized in terms of book like structure of 8-D imbedding space with pages labeled by values of Planck constant, the assumption that the phase transitions changing the value of Planck constant provide a key control tool in living matter, and p-adic length scale hypothesis allowing quantitative grasp to the situation.

  1. Three chapters of this book are devoted to the model of high $Tc$ super-conductivity relying strongly on the notions of quantum criticality and dark matter.
  2. Two chapters discuss quantum antenna hypothesis inspired by topological light rays (M(assless) E(xtremals)) and the notion of wormhole magnetic fields. Notice that the notion of wormhole magnetic field was introduced much before the hypothesis that bosons and also interaction fermions have a natural identification as wormhole contacts emerged. The recent view about quantum TGD suggests the interpretation wormhole magnetic fields as dark scaled up versions of elementary particles identified as Kähler magnetic flux tubes identified as pairs of magnetically charged wormhole contacts carrying at the second wormhole throat neutrino pair neutralizing the weak isospin of the fermion at the second wormhole throat. For ordinary value of Planck constant the length of is flux would be given by weak length scale. Therefore weak interactions in biological length scales are involved giving rise to large parity breaking effects. Also scaled up QCD is involved and implying hadron like states in biological length scales.
  3. Two chapters are devoted to the possible biological implications of the hypothesis that dark matter corresponds to macroscopic quantum phases characterized by a large value of Planck constant and is the key actor in living matter.
  4. A possible identification of quantum correlates of sensory qualia is discussed assuming that qualia are in one-one correspondence with the increments of quantum numbers in quantum jump. Also a simple model for sensory receptor is introduced. The recent view about cell membrane as almost vacuum extremal of Kähler action explains large parity breaking effects in living matter and also the peak frequencies of photoreceptors in retina. Also a model for the cell membrane as a kind of sensory homunculus with lipids identified as pixels of a sensory map representing basic qualia follows naturally. Furthermore, EEG photons and biophotons can be identified as decay products of same dark photons.


Category: Physics of Biology

[11] viXra:0908.0022 [pdf] replaced on 14 Oct 2009

Quantum Hardware of Living Matter

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 552 pages

This book represents a view about quantum hardware of living systems in TGD framework. Since the vision is bound to look highly speculative, it is good to emphasize that the most important predictions follow almost without any reference to the classical field equations using only quantum classical correspondence. The new conceptual elements are the notion of many-sheeted space-time having fractal hierarchical structure, 4-D spin glass degeneracy of the preferred extremals of Kähler action providing huge information storage capacity, topological field quantization, the notion of magnetic/field body serving as intentional agent using biological body as sensory receptor and motor instrument, zero energy ontology leading to a new view about energy and about the relationship between experienced and geometric time, dark matter hierarchy realized in terms of book like structure of 8-D imbedding space with pages labeled by values of Planck constant, the assumption that the phase transitions changing the value of Planck constant provide a key control tool in living matter, and p-adic length scale hypothesis allowing quantitative grasp to the situation.

  1. Three chapters of this book are devoted to the model of high Tc super-conductivity relying strongly on the notions of quantum criticality and dark matter.
  2. Two chapters discuss quantum antenna hypothesis inspired by topological light rays (M(assless) E(xtremals)) and the notion of wormhole magnetic fields. Notice that the notion of wormhole magnetic field was introduced much before the hypothesis that bosons have a natural identification as wormhole contacts emerged.
  3. Two chapters are devoted to the possible biological implications of the hypothesis that dark matter corresponds to macroscopic quantum phases characterized by a large value of Planck constant and is the key actor in living matter.
  4. A possible identification of quantum correlates of sensory qualia is discussed assuming that qualia are in one-one correspondence with the increments of quantum numbers in quantum jump. Also a simple model for sensory receptor is introduced.
I must apologize the fact that the introduction is somewhat ahead of the chapters of the book which have developed slowly during the last decade. In particular, the implications of the dark matter revolution which has occurred during last year and still continues, have not been thoroughly considered. Same applies to the implications of zero energy ontology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[10] viXra:0908.0021 [pdf] replaced on 2014-09-26 04:49:02

Bio-Systems as Self-Organizing Quantum Systems

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 869 Pages. Updating

Towards-Matrix

Authors: Matti Pitkänen

The book describes basic quantum TGD in its recent form.

  1. The properties of the preferred extremals of Kähler action are crucial for the construction and the discussion of known extremals is therefore included.
  2. General coordinate invariance and generalized super-conformal symmetries - the latter present only for 4-dimensional space-time surfaces and for 4-D Minkowski space - define the basic symmetries of quantum TGD.
  3. In zero energy ontology S-matrix is replaced with M-matrix and identified as time-like entanglement coefficients between positive and negative energy parts of zero energy states assignable to the past and future boundaries of 4-surfaces inside causal diamond defined as intersection of future and past directed light-cones. M-matrix is a product of diagonal density matrix and unitary S-matrix and there are reasons to believe that S-matrix is universal. Generalized Feynman rules based on the generalization of Feynman diagrams obtained by replacing lines with light-like 3-surfaces and vertices with 2-D surfaces at which the lines meet.
  4. A category theoretical formulation of quantum TGD is considered. Finite n measurement resolution realized in terms of a fractal hierarchy of causal diamonds inside causal diamonds leads to a stringy formulation of quantum TGD involving effective replacement of the 3-D light-like surface with a collection of braid strands representing the ends of strings. A formulation in terms of category theoretic concepts is proposed and leads to a hierarchy of algebras forming what is known as operads.
  5. Twistors emerge naturally in TGD framework and could allow the formulation of low energy limit of the theory in the approximation that particles are massless. The replacement of massless plane waves with states for which amplitudes are localized are light-rays is suggestive in twistor theoretic framework. Twistors could allow also a dual representation of space-time surfaces in terms of surfaces of X×CP2, where X is 8-D twistor space or its 6-D projective variant. These surfaces would have dimension higher than four in non-perturbative phases meaning an analogy with branes. In full theory a massive particles must be included but represent a problem in approach based on standard twistors. The interpretation of massive particles in 4-D sense as massless particles in 8-D sense would resolve the problem and requires a generalization of twistor concept involving in essential manner the triality of vector and spinor representations of SO(7,1).
  6. In TGD Universe bosons are in well-defined sense bound states of fermion and anti-fermion. This leads to the notion of bosonic emergence meaning that the fundamental action is just Dirac action coupled to gauge potentials and bosonic action emerges as part of effective action as one functionally integrates over the spinor fields. This kind of approach predicts the evolution of all coupling constants if one is able to fix the necessary UV cutoffs of mass and hyperbolic angle in loop integrations. The guess for the hyperbolic cutoff motivated by the geometric view about finite measurement resolution predicts coupling constant evolution which is consistent with that predicted by standard model. The condition that all N-vertices defined by fermiomic loops vanish for N>3 when incoming particles are massless gives hopes of fixing completely the hyperbolic cutoff from fundamental principles.

Comments: 869 pages


Category: Physics of Biology

[9] viXra:0908.0021 [pdf] replaced on 2013-09-09 06:46:31

Bio-Systems as Self-Organizing Quantum Systems

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 323 Pages.

The quantum theory of self organization represents a rather old layer of TGD inspired theory of consciousness. <p></p> <OL><LI> Self organization is a non-deterministic process and corresponds to the evolution of conscious entities - selves - to asymptotic self-organization patterns via quantum jumps. This requires macroscopic quantum coherence. <LI> Space-time surfaces are analogous to Bohr orbits and the failure of the classical non-determinism in the conventional sense of the word makes it possible to interpret space-time surfaces as representations of both quantum states and sequences of quantum states assignable to the sequences of quantum jumps. The huge vacuum degeneracy of K&auml;hler action implies spin glass degeneracy in 4-dimensional sense providing maximal resources to represent information about external world by mapping its states to its own internal states. Space-time sheets would be four-dimensional statues gradually carved by a sequence of quantum jump to a shape representing asymptotic self-organization pattern. <LI> Magnetic body is the intentional agent controlling the biological body. The fractal hierarchy of copies of standard model physics involving in particular a hierarchy of electro-weak bosons and gluons with increasingly longer weak/confinement length scale is an essential piece of the story. The concrete quantum model for how intentions are transformed to actions provides additional insights to quantum self-organization. <LI> The new view about time and energy justifying time mirror mechanism involving sending of negative energy phase conjugate photons to geometric past is crucial for the models of long term memory, intentional action, and remote metabolism. <LI> The model of self organization involves cyclotron radiation from the cyclotron transitions assignable with the Bose-Einstein condensates of charged bosons at the magnetic bodies and Josephson radiation from Josephson junctions assignable to the cell membrane and also other layer like structures (electrets). <LI> The vision about life residing in the intersection of real and p-adic worlds is central for the approach. In particular, the existence of number theoretic entanglement entropy, which can have negative values, makes possible to identify a measure of conscious information and negentropic entanglement replaces metabolic energy feed as the basic prequisite of life. </OL> Zero energy ontology and hierarchy of Planck constants complete this vision. Zero energy ontology justifies time mirror mechanism and explains how arrow of subjective time emerges. Dark matter hierarchy implies macroscopic quantum coherence, inspires vision about bio-catalysis and quantum computation in living matter, explains evolutionary leaps, and suggests generalization of the notion of genome and new realizations of genetic code. </p><p> The topics of the book are following. The first chapters explain the vision about biological self organization in TGD framework. The last chapters of the book discuss quantum control and coordination in living matter according to TGD.
Category: Physics of Biology

[8] viXra:0908.0021 [pdf] replaced on 2013-02-17 01:41:58

Bio-Systems as Self-Organizing Quantum Systems

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 297 Pages. Correction of systematic error in bibliographies

The quantum theory of self organization represents a rather old layer of TGD inspired theory of consciousness. <p></p> <OL><LI> Self organization is a non-deterministic process and corresponds to the evolution of conscious entities - selves - to asymptotic self-organization patterns via quantum jumps. This requires macroscopic quantum coherence. <LI> Space-time surfaces are analogous to Bohr orbits and the failure of the classical non-determinism in the conventional sense of the word makes it possible to interpret space-time surfaces as representations of both quantum states and sequences of quantum states assignable to the sequences of quantum jumps. The huge vacuum degeneracy of K&auml;hler action implies spin glass degeneracy in 4-dimensional sense providing maximal resources to represent information about external world by mapping its states to its own internal states. Space-time sheets would be four-dimensional statues gradually carved by a sequence of quantum jump to a shape representing asymptotic self-organization pattern. <LI> Magnetic body is the intentional agent controlling the biological body. The fractal hierarchy of copies of standard model physics involving in particular a hierarchy of electro-weak bosons and gluons with increasingly longer weak/confinement length scale is an essential piece of the story. The concrete quantum model for how intentions are transformed to actions provides additional insights to quantum self-organization. <LI> The new view about time and energy justifying time mirror mechanism involving sending of negative energy phase conjugate photons to geometric past is crucial for the models of long term memory, intentional action, and remote metabolism. <LI> The model of self organization involves cyclotron radiation from the cyclotron transitions assignable with the Bose-Einstein condensates of charged bosons at the magnetic bodies and Josephson radiation from Josephson junctions assignable to the cell membrane and also other layer like structures (electrets). <LI> The vision about life residing in the intersection of real and p-adic worlds is central for the approach. In particular, the existence of number theoretic entanglement entropy, which can have negative values, makes possible to identify a measure of conscious information and negentropic entanglement replaces metabolic energy feed as the basic prequisite of life. </OL> Zero energy ontology and hierarchy of Planck constants complete this vision. Zero energy ontology justifies time mirror mechanism and explains how arrow of subjective time emerges. Dark matter hierarchy implies macroscopic quantum coherence, inspires vision about bio-catalysis and quantum computation in living matter, explains evolutionary leaps, and suggests generalization of the notion of genome and new realizations of genetic code. </p><p> The topics of the book are following. The first chapters explain the vision about biological self organization in TGD framework. The last chapters of the book discuss quantum control and coordination in living matter according to TGD.
Category: Physics of Biology

[7] viXra:0908.0021 [pdf] replaced on 2013-01-01 08:01:02

Bio-Systems as Self-Organizing Quantum Systems

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 393 Pages. corrections to references and index

The quantum theory of self organization represents a rather old layer of TGD inspired theory of consciousness. <p></p> <OL><LI> Self organization is a non-deterministic process and corresponds to the evolution of conscious entities - selves - to asymptotic self-organization patterns via quantum jumps. This requires macroscopic quantum coherence. <LI> Space-time surfaces are analogous to Bohr orbits and the failure of the classical non-determinism in the conventional sense of the word makes it possible to interpret space-time surfaces as representations of both quantum states and sequences of quantum states assignable to the sequences of quantum jumps. The huge vacuum degeneracy of K&auml;hler action implies spin glass degeneracy in 4-dimensional sense providing maximal resources to represent information about external world by mapping its states to its own internal states. Space-time sheets would be four-dimensional statues gradually carved by a sequence of quantum jump to a shape representing asymptotic self-organization pattern. <LI> Magnetic body is the intentional agent controlling the biological body. The fractal hierarchy of copies of standard model physics involving in particular a hierarchy of electro-weak bosons and gluons with increasingly longer weak/confinement length scale is an essential piece of the story. The concrete quantum model for how intentions are transformed to actions provides additional insights to quantum self-organization. <LI> The new view about time and energy justifying time mirror mechanism involving sending of negative energy phase conjugate photons to geometric past is crucial for the models of long term memory, intentional action, and remote metabolism. <LI> The model of self organization involves cyclotron radiation from the cyclotron transitions assignable with the Bose-Einstein condensates of charged bosons at the magnetic bodies and Josephson radiation from Josephson junctions assignable to the cell membrane and also other layer like structures (electrets). <LI> The vision about life residing in the intersection of real and p-adic worlds is central for the approach. In particular, the existence of number theoretic entanglement entropy, which can have negative values, makes possible to identify a measure of conscious information and negentropic entanglement replaces metabolic energy feed as the basic prequisite of life. </OL> Zero energy ontology and hierarchy of Planck constants complete this vision. Zero energy ontology justifies time mirror mechanism and explains how arrow of subjective time emerges. Dark matter hierarchy implies macroscopic quantum coherence, inspires vision about bio-catalysis and quantum computation in living matter, explains evolutionary leaps, and suggests generalization of the notion of genome and new realizations of genetic code. </p><p> The topics of the book are following. The first chapters explain the vision about biological self organization in TGD framework. The last chapters of the book discuss quantum control and coordination in living matter according to TGD.
Category: Physics of Biology

[6] viXra:0908.0021 [pdf] replaced on 2012-11-13 01:21:25

Bio-Systems as Self-Organizing Quantum Systems

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 405 Pages. systematic error in bibliografies

The quantum theory of self organization represents a rather old layer of TGD inspired theory of consciousness. <p></p> <OL><LI> Self organization is a non-deterministic process and corresponds to the evolution of conscious entities - selves - to asymptotic self-organization patterns via quantum jumps. This requires macroscopic quantum coherence. <LI> Space-time surfaces are analogous to Bohr orbits and the failure of the classical non-determinism in the conventional sense of the word makes it possible to interpret space-time surfaces as representations of both quantum states and sequences of quantum states assignable to the sequences of quantum jumps. The huge vacuum degeneracy of K&auml;hler action implies spin glass degeneracy in 4-dimensional sense providing maximal resources to represent information about external world by mapping its states to its own internal states. Space-time sheets would be four-dimensional statues gradually carved by a sequence of quantum jump to a shape representing asymptotic self-organization pattern. <LI> Magnetic body is the intentional agent controlling the biological body. The fractal hierarchy of copies of standard model physics involving in particular a hierarchy of electro-weak bosons and gluons with increasingly longer weak/confinement length scale is an essential piece of the story. The concrete quantum model for how intentions are transformed to actions provides additional insights to quantum self-organization. <LI> The new view about time and energy justifying time mirror mechanism involving sending of negative energy phase conjugate photons to geometric past is crucial for the models of long term memory, intentional action, and remote metabolism. <LI> The model of self organization involves cyclotron radiation from the cyclotron transitions assignable with the Bose-Einstein condensates of charged bosons at the magnetic bodies and Josephson radiation from Josephson junctions assignable to the cell membrane and also other layer like structures (electrets). <LI> The vision about life residing in the intersection of real and p-adic worlds is central for the approach. In particular, the existence of number theoretic entanglement entropy, which can have negative values, makes possible to identify a measure of conscious information and negentropic entanglement replaces metabolic energy feed as the basic prequisite of life. </OL> Zero energy ontology and hierarchy of Planck constants complete this vision. Zero energy ontology justifies time mirror mechanism and explains how arrow of subjective time emerges. Dark matter hierarchy implies macroscopic quantum coherence, inspires vision about bio-catalysis and quantum computation in living matter, explains evolutionary leaps, and suggests generalization of the notion of genome and new realizations of genetic code. </p><p> The topics of the book are following. The first chapters explain the vision about biological self organization in TGD framework. The last chapters of the book discuss quantum control and coordination in living matter according to TGD.
Category: Physics of Biology

[5] viXra:0908.0021 [pdf] replaced on 2012-07-01 08:15:42

Bio-Systems as Self-Organizing Quantum Systems

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 396 Pages.

The quantum theory of self organization represents a rather old layer of TGD inspired theory of consciousness. <p></p> <OL><LI> Self organization is a non-deterministic process and corresponds to the evolution of conscious entities - selves - to asymptotic self-organization patterns via quantum jumps. This requires macroscopic quantum coherence. <LI> Space-time surfaces are analogous to Bohr orbits and the failure of the classical non-determinism in the conventional sense of the word makes it possible to interpret space-time surfaces as representations of both quantum states and sequences of quantum states assignable to the sequences of quantum jumps. The huge vacuum degeneracy of K&auml;hler action implies spin glass degeneracy in 4-dimensional sense providing maximal resources to represent information about external world by mapping its states to its own internal states. Space-time sheets would be four-dimensional statues gradually carved by a sequence of quantum jump to a shape representing asymptotic self-organization pattern. <LI> Magnetic body is the intentional agent controlling the biological body. The fractal hierarchy of copies of standard model physics involving in particular a hierarchy of electro-weak bosons and gluons with increasingly longer weak/confinement length scale is an essential piece of the story. The concrete quantum model for how intentions are transformed to actions provides additional insights to quantum self-organization. <LI> The new view about time and energy justifying time mirror mechanism involving sending of negative energy phase conjugate photons to geometric past is crucial for the models of long term memory, intentional action, and remote metabolism. <LI> The model of self organization involves cyclotron radiation from the cyclotron transitions assignable with the Bose-Einstein condensates of charged bosons at the magnetic bodies and Josephson radiation from Josephson junctions assignable to the cell membrane and also other layer like structures (electrets). <LI> The vision about life residing in the intersection of real and p-adic worlds is central for the approach. In particular, the existence of number theoretic entanglement entropy, which can have negative values, makes possible to identify a measure of conscious information and negentropic entanglement replaces metabolic energy feed as the basic prequisite of life. </OL> Zero energy ontology and hierarchy of Planck constants complete this vision. Zero energy ontology justifies time mirror mechanism and explains how arrow of subjective time emerges. Dark matter hierarchy implies macroscopic quantum coherence, inspires vision about bio-catalysis and quantum computation in living matter, explains evolutionary leaps, and suggests generalization of the notion of genome and new realizations of genetic code. </p><p> The topics of the book are following. The first chapters explain the vision about biological self organization in TGD framework. The last chapters of the book discuss quantum control and coordination in living matter according to TGD.
Category: Physics of Biology

[4] viXra:0908.0021 [pdf] replaced on 2012-01-30 22:25:52

Bio-Systems as Self-Organizing Quantum Systems

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 397 Pages.

The quantum theory of self organization represents a rather old layer of TGD inspired theory of consciousness. <p></p> <OL><LI> Self organization is a non-deterministic process and corresponds to the evolution of conscious entities - selves - to asymptotic self-organization patterns via quantum jumps. This requires macroscopic quantum coherence. <LI> Space-time surfaces are analogous to Bohr orbits and the failure of the classical non-determinism in the conventional sense of the word makes it possible to interpret space-time surfaces as representations of both quantum states and sequences of quantum states assignable to the sequences of quantum jumps. The huge vacuum degeneracy of K&auml;hler action implies spin glass degeneracy in 4-dimensional sense providing maximal resources to represent information about external world by mapping its states to its own internal states. Space-time sheets would be four-dimensional statues gradually carved by a sequence of quantum jump to a shape representing asymptotic self-organization pattern. <LI> Magnetic body is the intentional agent controlling the biological body. The fractal hierarchy of copies of standard model physics involving in particular a hierarchy of electro-weak bosons and gluons with increasingly longer weak/confinement length scale is an essential piece of the story. The concrete quantum model for how intentions are transformed to actions provides additional insights to quantum self-organization. <LI> The new view about time and energy justifying time mirror mechanism involving sending of negative energy phase conjugate photons to geometric past is crucial for the models of long term memory, intentional action, and remote metabolism. <LI> The model of self organization involves cyclotron radiation from the cyclotron transitions assignable with the Bose-Einstein condensates of charged bosons at the magnetic bodies and Josephson radiation from Josephson junctions assignable to the cell membrane and also other layer like structures (electrets). <LI> The vision about life residing in the intersection of real and p-adic worlds is central for the approach. In particular, the existence of number theoretic entanglement entropy, which can have negative values, makes possible to identify a measure of conscious information and negentropic entanglement replaces metabolic energy feed as the basic prequisite of life. </OL> Zero energy ontology and hierarchy of Planck constants complete this vision. Zero energy ontology justifies time mirror mechanism and explains how arrow of subjective time emerges. Dark matter hierarchy implies macroscopic quantum coherence, inspires vision about bio-catalysis and quantum computation in living matter, explains evolutionary leaps, and suggests generalization of the notion of genome and new realizations of genetic code. </p><p> The topics of the book are following. The first chapters explain the vision about biological self organization in TGD framework. The last chapters of the book discuss quantum control and coordination in living matter according to TGD.
Category: Physics of Biology

[3] viXra:0908.0021 [pdf] replaced on 2011-12-03 23:45:34

Bio-Systems as Self-Organizing Quantum Systems

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 397 Pages.

The quantum theory of self organization represents a rather old layer of TGD inspired theory of consciousness. <p></p> <OL><LI> Self organization is a non-deterministic process and corresponds to the evolution of conscious entities - selves - to asymptotic self-organization patterns via quantum jumps. This requires macroscopic quantum coherence. <LI> Space-time surfaces are analogous to Bohr orbits and the failure of the classical non-determinism in the conventional sense of the word makes it possible to interpret space-time surfaces as representations of both quantum states and sequences of quantum states assignable to the sequences of quantum jumps. The huge vacuum degeneracy of K&auml;hler action implies spin glass degeneracy in 4-dimensional sense providing maximal resources to represent information about external world by mapping its states to its own internal states. Space-time sheets would be four-dimensional statues gradually carved by a sequence of quantum jump to a shape representing asymptotic self-organization pattern. <LI> Magnetic body is the intentional agent controlling the biological body. The fractal hierarchy of copies of standard model physics involving in particular a hierarchy of electro-weak bosons and gluons with increasingly longer weak/confinement length scale is an essential piece of the story. The concrete quantum model for how intentions are transformed to actions provides additional insights to quantum self-organization. <LI> The new view about time and energy justifying time mirror mechanism involving sending of negative energy phase conjugate photons to geometric past is crucial for the models of long term memory, intentional action, and remote metabolism. <LI> The model of self organization involves cyclotron radiation from the cyclotron transitions assignable with the Bose-Einstein condensates of charged bosons at the magnetic bodies and Josephson radiation from Josephson junctions assignable to the cell membrane and also other layer like structures (electrets). <LI> The vision about life residing in the intersection of real and p-adic worlds is central for the approach. In particular, the existence of number theoretic entanglement entropy, which can have negative values, makes possible to identify a measure of conscious information and negentropic entanglement replaces metabolic energy feed as the basic prequisite of life. </OL> Zero energy ontology and hierarchy of Planck constants complete this vision. Zero energy ontology justifies time mirror mechanism and explains how arrow of subjective time emerges. Dark matter hierarchy implies macroscopic quantum coherence, inspires vision about bio-catalysis and quantum computation in living matter, explains evolutionary leaps, and suggests generalization of the notion of genome and new realizations of genetic code. </p><p> The topics of the book are following. The first chapters explain the vision about biological self organization in TGD framework. The last chapters of the book discuss quantum control and coordination in living matter according to TGD.
Category: Physics of Biology

[2] viXra:0908.0021 [pdf] replaced on 3 Nov 2010

Bio-Systems as Self-Organizing Quantum Systems

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 315 pages

The quantum theory of self organization represents a rather old layer of TGD inspired theory of consciousness.

  1. Self organization is a non-deterministic process and corresponds to the evolution of conscious entities - selves - to asymptotic self-organization patterns via quantum jumps. This requires macroscopic quantum coherence.
  2. Space-time surfaces are analogous to Bohr orbits and the failure of the classical non-determinism in the conventional sense of the word makes it possible to interpret space-time surfaces as representations of both quantum states and sequences of quantum states assignable to the sequences of quantum jumps. The huge vacuum degeneracy of Kähler action implies spin glass degeneracy in 4-dimensional sense providing maximal resources to represent information about external world by mapping its states to its own internal states. Space-time sheets would be four-dimensional statues gradually carved by a sequence of quantum jump to a shape representing asymptotic self-organization pattern.
  3. Magnetic body is the intentional agent controlling the biological body. The fractal hierarchy of copies of standard model physics involving in particular a hierarchy of electro-weak bosons and gluons with increasingly longer weak/confinement length scale is an essential piece of the story. The concrete quantum model for how intentions are transformed to actions provides additional insights to quantum self-organization.
  4. The new view about time and energy justifying time mirror mechanism involving sending of negative energy phase conjugate photons to geometric past is crucial for the models of long term memory, intentional action, and remote metabolism.
  5. The model of self organization involves cyclotron radiation from the cyclotron transitions assignable with the Bose-Einstein condensates of charged bosons at the magnetic bodies and Josephson radiation from Josephson junctions assignable to the cell membrane and also other layer like structures (electrets).
  6. The vision about life residing in the intersection of real and p-adic worlds is central for the approach. In particular, the existence of number theoretic entanglement entropy, which can have negative values, makes possible to identify a measure of conscious information and negentropic entanglement replaces metabolic energy feed as the basic prequisite of life.
Zero energy ontology and hierarchy of Planck constants complete this vision. Zero energy ontology justifies time mirror mechanism and explains how arrow of subjective time emerges. Dark matter hierarchy implies macroscopic quantum coherence, inspires vision about bio-catalysis and quantum computation in living matter, explains evolutionary leaps, and suggests generalization of the notion of genome and new realizations of genetic code.

The topics of the book are following. The first chapters explain the vision about biological self organization in TGD framework. The last chapters of the book discuss quantum control and coordination in living matter according to TGD.


Category: Physics of Biology

[1] viXra:0908.0021 [pdf] replaced on 14 Oct 2009

Bio-Systems as Self-Organizing Quantum Systems

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 288 pages

The quantum theory of self organization represents a rather old layer of TGD inspired theory of consciousness.

  1. Self organization is a non-deterministic process and corresponds to the evolution of conscious entities - selves - to asymptotic self-organization patters via quantum jumps. This requires macroscopic quantum coherence.
  2. Space-time surfaces are analogous to Bohr orbits and the failure of the classical non-determinism in the conventional sense of the word makes it possible to interpret space-time surfaces as representations of both quantum states and sequences of quantum states assignable to the sequences of quantum jumps. The huge vacuum degeneracy of Kähler action implies spin glass degeneracy in 4-dimensional sense providing maximal resources to represent information about external world by mapping its states to its own internal states. Space-time sheets would be four-dimensional statues gradually carved by a sequence of quantum jump to a shape representing asymptotic self-organization pattern.
  3. Magnetic body is the intentional agent controlling the biological body. The fractal hierarchy of copies of standard model physics involving in particular a hierarchy of electro-weak bosons and gluons with increasingly longer weak/confinement length scale is an essential piece of the story. The concrete quantum model for how intentions are transformed to actions provides additional insights to quantum self-organization.
  4. The new view about time and energy justifying time mirror mechanism involving sending of negative energy phase conjugate photons to geometric past is crucial for the models of long term memory, intentional action, and remote metabolism.
  5. The model of self organization involves cyclotron radiation from the cyclotron transitions assignable with the Bose-Einstein condensates of charged bosons at the magnetic bodies and Josephson radiation from Josephson junctions assignable to the cell membrane and also other layer like structures (electrets).
Zero energy ontology and hierarchy of Planck constants complete this vision. Zero energy ontology justifies time mirror mechanism and explains how arrow of subjective time emerges. Dark matter hierarchy implies macroscopic quantum coherence, inspires vision about bio-catalysis and quantum computation in living matter, explains evolutionary leaps, and suggests generalization of the notion of genome and new realizations of genetic code. The topics of the book are following. The first chapters explain the vision about biological self organization in TGD framework. The last chapters of the book discuss quantum control and coordination in living matter according to TGD.
Category: Physics of Biology