Physics of Biology

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[184] viXra:1612.0037 [pdf] submitted on 2016-12-03 08:17:53

Quantum Nano-MRI Images

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

The proposed nano-MRI setup consists of an atomic qubit positioned 2-4 nm below a surface holding a molecule. The qubit acts as both the sensor and source of the magnetic field for encoding the nuclear spins of the molecule. The nuclear density data is then used to generate a 3D image of the molecular structure with angstrom-level resolution. [13] Researchers at the University of Melbourne have developed a way to radically miniaturise a Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) machine using atomic-scale quantum computer technology. [12] With one in two Australian children reported to have tooth decay in their permanent teeth by age 12, researchers from the University of Sydney believe they have identified some nanoscale elements that govern the behaviour of our teeth. [11] When cryoEM images are obtained from protein nanocrystals the images themselves can appear to be devoid of any contrast. A group of scientists from the Netherlands have now demonstrated that lattice information can be revealed and enhanced by a specialized filter. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[183] viXra:1612.0034 [pdf] submitted on 2016-12-03 09:41:38

Randomness Adaptive Evolution

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 27 Pages.

Many self-organized systems in nature exploit a sophisticated blend of deterministic and random processes. [14] Scientists work toward storing digital information in DNA. [13] Leiden theoretical physicists have proven that DNA mechanics, in addition to genetic information in DNA, determines who we are. Helmut Schiessel and his group simulated many DNA sequences and found a correlation between mechanical cues and the way DNA is folded. They have published their results in PLoS One. [12] We model the electron clouds of nucleic acids in DNA as a chain of coupled quantum harmonic oscillators with dipole-dipole interaction between nearest neighbours resulting in a van der Waals type bonding. [11] Scientists have discovered a secret second code hiding within DNA which instructs cells on how genes are controlled. The amazing discovery is expected to open new doors to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, according to a new study. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[182] viXra:1612.0021 [pdf] submitted on 2016-12-01 13:35:25

Creative Behavior

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 22 Pages.

Creative achievement can provide a buffer against being anxious about death, research from psychologists at the University of Kent shows. [12] A new study reveals how two populations of neurons in the brain contribute to the brain's inability to correctly assign emotional associations to events. Learning how this information is routed and misrouted could shed light on mental illnesses including depression, addiction, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder. [11] In dynamic neuronal networks, pervasive oscillatory activity is usually explained by pointing to pacemaking elements that synchronize and drive the network. Recently, however, scientists at The Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel studied synchronized periodic bursting that emerged spontaneously in a network of in vitro rat hippocampus and cortex neurons, finding that roughly 60% of all active neurons were self-sustained oscillators when disconnected from the network – and that each neuron oscillated at its own frequency, which is controlled by the neuron's excitability. [10] Most biology students will be able to tell you that neural signals are sent via mechanisms such as synaptic transmission, gap junctions, and diffusion processes, but a new study suggests there's another way that our brains transmit information from one place to another. [9] Physicists are expected to play a vital role in this research, and already have an impressive record of developing new tools for neuroscience. From two-photon microscopy to magneto-encephalography, we can now record activity from individual synapses to entire brains in unprecedented detail. But physicists can do more than simply provide tools for data collection. [8] Discovery of quantum vibrations in 'microtubules' inside brain neurons supports controversial theory of consciousness. The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[181] viXra:1612.0013 [pdf] submitted on 2016-12-01 10:18:23

Geopathic Zones as Enemy No. 1 \\ ГЕОПАТОГЕННЫЕ ЗОНЫ КАК ВРАГ НОМЕР ОДИН

Authors: Mark M. Grinshtein
Comments: 6 Pages. in Russian

The article contains data on geopathic zones obtained by the author as the result of many years' research. \\ В статье приведены сведения о геопатогенных зонах, полученные автором в результате многолетних исследований.
Category: Physics of Biology

[180] viXra:1612.0012 [pdf] submitted on 2016-12-01 10:21:32

When ef Fails \\ Если ЭКО даёт сбой

Authors: Mark M. Grinshtein
Comments: 2 Pages. in Russian

The article describes one of the pathology types leading to extracorporal fertilization failure. A method to eliminate this pathology has been provided which is unknown to classic medi-cine. \\ В статье описан один из видов патологии, приводящей к сбою экстракорпорального оплодотворения (ЭКО). Приведен метод устранения этой патологии, неизвестный классической медицине.
Category: Physics of Biology

[179] viXra:1612.0011 [pdf] submitted on 2016-12-01 10:24:09

Another Nature’s Puzzle \\ Еще одна загадка природы

Authors: Mark M. Grinshtein
Comments: 2 Pages. in Russian

The article provides the results of the research of a “mysterious” zone in the radio-wave range of electromagnetic radiation. \\ В статье приведены результаты исследования «загадочного» участка в радиоволновом диапазоне электромагнитных излучений.
Category: Physics of Biology

[178] viXra:1611.0402 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-30 01:09:05

Fluorescence for Experimental Biology

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 31 Pages.

Fluorescence is an incredibly useful tool for experimental biology and it just got easier to tap into, thanks to the work of a group of University of Chicago researchers. [17] Molecules that change colour can be used to follow in real-time how bacteria form a protective biofilm around themselves. This new method, which has been developed in collaboration between researchers at Linköping University and Karolinska Institutet in Sweden, may in the future become significant both in medical care and the food industry, where bacterial biofilms are a problem. [16] Researchers led by Carnegie Mellon University physicist Markus Deserno and University of Konstanz (Germany) chemist Christine Peter have developed a computer simulation that crushes viral capsids. By allowing researchers to see how the tough shells break apart, the simulation provides a computational window for looking at how viruses and proteins assemble. [15] IBM scientists have developed a new lab-on-a-chip technology that can, for the first time, separate biological particles at the nanoscale and could enable physicians to detect diseases such as cancer before symptoms appear. [14] Scientists work toward storing digital information in DNA. [13] Leiden theoretical physicists have proven that DNA mechanics, in addition to genetic information in DNA, determines who we are. Helmut Schiessel and his group simulated many DNA sequences and found a correlation between mechanical cues and the way DNA is folded. They have published their results in PLoS One. [12] We model the electron clouds of nucleic acids in DNA as a chain of coupled quantum harmonic oscillators with dipole-dipole interaction between nearest neighbours resulting in a van der Waals type bonding. [11] Scientists have discovered a secret second code hiding within DNA which instructs cells on how genes are controlled. The amazing discovery is expected to open new doors to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, according to a new study. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[177] viXra:1611.0320 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-23 10:46:03

Molecular Chameleons in Bacterial Biofilms

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

Molecules that change colour can be used to follow in real-time how bacteria form a protective biofilm around themselves. This new method, which has been developed in collaboration between researchers at Linköping University and Karolinska Institutet in Sweden, may in the future become significant both in medical care and the food industry, where bacterial biofilms are a problem. [16] Researchers led by Carnegie Mellon University physicist Markus Deserno and University of Konstanz (Germany) chemist Christine Peter have developed a computer simulation that crushes viral capsids. By allowing researchers to see how the tough shells break apart, the simulation provides a computational window for looking at how viruses and proteins assemble. [15] IBM scientists have developed a new lab-on-a-chip technology that can, for the first time, separate biological particles at the nanoscale and could enable physicians to detect diseases such as cancer before symptoms appear. [14] Scientists work toward storing digital information in DNA. [13] Leiden theoretical physicists have proven that DNA mechanics, in addition to genetic information in DNA, determines who we are. Helmut Schiessel and his group simulated many DNA sequences and found a correlation between mechanical cues and the way DNA is folded. They have published their results in PLoS One. [12] We model the electron clouds of nucleic acids in DNA as a chain of coupled quantum harmonic oscillators with dipole-dipole interaction between nearest neighbours resulting in a van der Waals type bonding. [11] Scientists have discovered a secret second code hiding within DNA which instructs cells on how genes are controlled. The amazing discovery is expected to open new doors to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, according to a new study. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[176] viXra:1611.0312 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-23 09:57:34

Living Machines

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 27 Pages.

It sounds like something out of the Borg in Star Trek. Nano-sized robots self-assemble to form biological machines that do the work that keeps one alive. And yet something like this really does go on. [13] In a landmark experiment at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, scientists used an X-ray laser to capture the first snapshots of a chemical interaction between two biomolecules in real time and at an atomic level. [12] An international team of scientists has learned how to determine the spatial structure of a protein obtained with an X-ray laser using the sulfur atoms it contains. This development is the next stage in the project of a group led by Vadim Cherezov to create an effective method of studying receptor proteins. [11] When cryoEM images are obtained from protein nanocrystals the images themselves can appear to be devoid of any contrast. A group of scientists from the Netherlands have now demonstrated that lattice information can be revealed and enhanced by a specialized filter. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[175] viXra:1611.0266 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-18 11:22:19

Photoreceptor 50 Times Efficient than Human Eye

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 36 Pages.

An international team of scientists led by the University of Michigan has discovered a new type of photoreceptor—only the third to be found in animals—that is about 50 times more efficient at capturing light than the rhodopsin in the human eye. [19] An elusive biological cycle in the eye - the daily disposal and regeneration of the end tips of photoreceptor cells - has been captured in images for the first time in a living human eye. Photoreceptors are light-sensitive cells responsible for initiating vision. This glimpse into the inner workings of the eye will help scientists better understand, prevent and manage major eye diseases that affect photoreceptors like age-related macular degeneration and retinitis pigmentosa. [18] A protein found within the powerhouse of a cell could be the key to holding back the march of time, research by scientists at The University of Nottingham has shown. [17] Researchers at the University of Connecticut have uncovered new information about how particles behave in our bloodstream, an important advancement that could help pharmaceutical scientists develop more effective cancer drugs. [16] For the past 15 years, the big data techniques pioneered by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, have been revolutionizing biomedical research. On Sept. 6, 2016, JPL and the National Cancer Institute (NCI), part of the National Institutes of Health, renewed a research partnership through 2021, extending the development of data science that originated in space exploration and is now supporting new cancer discoveries. [15] IBM scientists have developed a new lab-on-a-chip technology that can, for the first time, separate biological particles at the nanoscale and could enable physicians to detect diseases such as cancer before symptoms appear. [14] Scientists work toward storing digital information in DNA. [13] Leiden theoretical physicists have proven that DNA mechanics, in addition to genetic information in DNA, determines who we are. Helmut Schiessel and his group simulated many DNA sequences and found a correlation between mechanical cues and the way DNA is folded. They have published their results in PLoS One. [12] We model the electron clouds of nucleic acids in DNA as a chain of coupled quantum harmonic oscillators with dipole-dipole interaction between nearest neighbours resulting in a van der Waals type bonding. [11] Scientists have discovered a secret second code hiding within DNA which instructs cells on how genes are controlled. The amazing discovery is expected to open new doors to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, according to a new study. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[174] viXra:1611.0251 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-17 03:49:36

Why Iphones Cause Cancer \\ Почему айфоны вызывают рак

Authors: Mark M. Grinshtein
Comments: 5 Pages. in Russian

The article describes a range of abnormal focuses sharing the same cause. This cause is shown to be a harmful radiation of iPhones. \\ В статье описан комплекс патологических очагов, объединенных одной причиной. Как показано, данной причиной являются вредоносные излучения смартфонов типа айфон.
Category: Physics of Biology

[173] viXra:1611.0250 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-17 03:52:28

Diabetes and Sweets \\ Диабет и сладости

Authors: Mark M. Grinshtein
Comments: 4 Pages. in Russian

The article shows author’s simply method that allows patients suffering from type 2 diabetes to eat various sweets. \\ В статье приведена простейшая созданная автором, позволяющая больным, страдающим диабетом 2-го типа, употреблять различные виды сладостей.
Category: Physics of Biology

[172] viXra:1611.0249 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-17 03:55:31

What Genes Whisper About \\ О чем шепчутся гены

Authors: Mark M. Grinshtein
Comments: 11 Pages. in Russian

The article shows the history of mapping on the human genome. Results of the experiments conducted by various researchers confirming the wave structure of the human genome are considered. The results of genome research by the author are shown in terms of Information-Wave Medicine. \\ В статье приведена история расшифровки генома человека. Рассмотрены результаты экспериментов различных авторов, подтверждающие волновую структуру генома человека. Описаны результаты исследований генома автором статьи с позиции информационно-волновой медицины.
Category: Physics of Biology

[171] viXra:1611.0233 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-15 10:24:55

Biological Materials and Electronic Devices

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 26 Pages.

One of the biggest challenges in cognitive or rehabilitation neurosciences is the ability to design a functional hybrid system that can connect and exchange information between biological systems, like neurons in the brain, and human-made electronic devices. [15] Wearable terahertz scanning device for inspection of medical equipment and the human body. [14] Optical microscopy experts at Colorado State University are once again pushing the envelope of biological imaging. [13] Researchers at the University of Melbourne have developed a way to radically miniaturise a Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) machine using atomic-scale quantum computer technology. [12] With one in two Australian children reported to have tooth decay in their permanent teeth by age 12, researchers from the University of Sydney believe they have identified some nanoscale elements that govern the behaviour of our teeth. [11] When cryoEM images are obtained from protein nanocrystals the images themselves can appear to be devoid of any contrast. A group of scientists from the Netherlands have now demonstrated that lattice information can be revealed and enhanced by a specialized filter. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[170] viXra:1611.0225 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-15 06:29:31

Terahertz Scanning Device

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 25 Pages.

Wearable terahertz scanning device for inspection of medical equipment and the human body. [14] Optical microscopy experts at Colorado State University are once again pushing the envelope of biological imaging. [13] Researchers at the University of Melbourne have developed a way to radically miniaturise a Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) machine using atomic-scale quantum computer technology. [12] With one in two Australian children reported to have tooth decay in their permanent teeth by age 12, researchers from the University of Sydney believe they have identified some nanoscale elements that govern the behaviour of our teeth. [11] When cryoEM images are obtained from protein nanocrystals the images themselves can appear to be devoid of any contrast. A group of scientists from the Netherlands have now demonstrated that lattice information can be revealed and enhanced by a specialized filter. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[169] viXra:1611.0218 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-14 11:02:33

Interaction Between Two Biomolecules

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

In a landmark experiment at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, scientists used an X-ray laser to capture the first snapshots of a chemical interaction between two biomolecules in real time and at an atomic level. [12] An international team of scientists has learned how to determine the spatial structure of a protein obtained with an X-ray laser using the sulfur atoms it contains. This development is the next stage in the project of a group led by Vadim Cherezov to create an effective method of studying receptor proteins. [11] When cryoEM images are obtained from protein nanocrystals the images themselves can appear to be devoid of any contrast. A group of scientists from the Netherlands have now demonstrated that lattice information can be revealed and enhanced by a specialized filter. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[168] viXra:1611.0210 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-14 05:51:02

Concerning Early Diagnosis and Treatment of Prostate Malignant Tumors \\ О ранней диагностике и лечении злокачественных новообразований простаты

Authors: Mark M. Grinshtein
Comments: 6 Pages. in Russian

This article describes an approach that allows to early diagnose and treat prostate cancer in terms of the Information-Wave Medicine. \\ В статье описан подход к ранней диагностике и лечению рака простаты с позиции информа-ционно-волновой медицины.
Category: Physics of Biology

[167] viXra:1611.0209 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-14 05:55:50

Why Humans Become Old \\ От чего человек стареет

Authors: Mark M. Grinshtein
Comments: 6 Pages. in Russian

The article considers the telomere theory which authors were awarded the Nobel Prize in 2009. The aging process is explained from the point of view of Information-Wave Medicine (IWM). The aging program is shown to be a multi-level genetic structure controlled by the body’s internal biological clock. \\ В статье рассмотрена теория теломеров, авторам которой присуждена Нобелевская премия в 2009 году. Приведено объяснение процесса старения с позиции информационно-волновой медицины (ИВМ). Показано, что программа старения представляет собой многоуровневую генетическую структуру, управляемую внутренними биологическими часами организма.
Category: Physics of Biology

[166] viXra:1611.0208 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-14 06:17:47

"Patch" for DNA \\ «Заплатка» для ДНК

Authors: Mark M. Grinshtein
Comments: 5 Pages. in Russian

The article reviewed a technique of diagnosing and treating gene viral diseases by way of identification and subsequent recovery (repair) of abnormal chromosomes. \\ В статье рассмотрена техника диагностики и лечения геновирусных заболеваний путем выявления и последующего восстановления (репарации) аномальных хромосом.
Category: Physics of Biology

[165] viXra:1611.0182 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-12 12:56:31

Quantum Cognition Explain Irrational Behaviors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 15 Pages.

An emerging theory takes principles from quantum physics and applies them to psychology. [7] The hypothesis that there may be something quantum-like about the human mental function was put forward with " Spooky Activation at Distance " formula which attempted to model the effect that when a word's associative network is activated during study in memory experiment; it behaves like a quantum-entangled system. The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[164] viXra:1611.0165 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-11 07:55:37

Cancer Moon Shot

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 8 Pages.

During his State of the Union address on January 12, 2016, (USA) President Barack Obama announced the establishment of a Cancer Moonshot to accelerate cancer research. The initiative—led by (USA) Vice President Joe Biden—aims to make more therapies available to more patients, while also improving our ability to prevent cancer and detect it at an early stage. (https://www.cancer.gov/research/key-initiatives/moonshot-cancer-initiative). Here's an interdisciplinary approach to defeating cancer – indeed, illness and death regardless of cause – that puts together a lot of previously written material of mine. It relies not only on biology but also on physics, mathematics - and even topics such as gravity, cosmology and radioactivity. Albert Einstein, one of the world's greatest physicists, once said he regretted not being able to make a bigger contribution to medical science. Over 60 years after his death, the time may be ripe for his theories to take part in solving perhaps the greatest challenge facing modern clinical medicine – cancer.
Category: Physics of Biology

[163] viXra:1611.0160 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-11 09:48:39

Neurons Sample Probability Distributions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 15 Pages.

For observations based on sensory data, the human brain must constantly verify which "version" of reality underlies the perception. The answer is gleaned from probability distributions that are stored in the nerve cell network itself. [10] Biology students will be able to tell you that neural signals are sent via mechanisms such as synaptic transmission, gap junctions, and diffusion processes, but a new study suggests there's another way that our brains transmit information from one place to another. [9] Physicists are expected to play a vital role in this research, and already have an impressive record of developing new tools for neuroscience. From two-photon microscopy to magneto-encephalography, we can now record activity from individual synapses to entire brains in unprecedented detail. But physicists can do more than simply provide tools for data collection. [8] Discovery of quantum vibrations in 'microtubules' inside brain neurons supports controversial theory of consciousness. The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[162] viXra:1611.0157 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-11 05:18:08

Unfamiliar Medicine \\ Незнакомая медицина

Authors: Mark M. Grinshtein
Comments: 11 Pages. in Russian

The article summarizes the author’s concept of Information-Wave Medicine. It shows some remote diagnostics and therapies techniques enabling to heal even “incurable” diseases which classical medicine is incapable of treating. \\ В статье кратко изложена созданная автором концепция информационно- волновой медицины. Приведены некоторые технологии дистанционной диагностики и терапии, дающие возможность устранять даже "неизлечимые" патологии, что недоступно для классической медицины.
Category: Physics of Biology

[161] viXra:1611.0156 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-11 05:25:57

New Approaches to Etiology, Diagnosis and Treatment of Cancer \\ Новые подходы к этиологии, диагностике и лечению рака

Authors: Mark M. Grinshtein
Comments: 10 Pages. in Russian

The article shows modern hypotheses of cancer cells division mechanism and results of author’s re-search to identify the etiology of cancer, as well as cancer cells division mechanism in terms of the Information-Wave Medicine. \\ В статье рассмотрены современные гипотезы по механизму деления раковых клеток и приведены результаты исследований автора по выявлению этиологии рака, а так же по механизму деления раковых клеток с позиции информационно-волновой медицины.
Category: Physics of Biology

[160] viXra:1611.0155 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-11 05:38:13

Domestic Refrigerator: Unknown Cause of Known Diseases \\ Бытовой холодильник: неизвестная причина известных болезней

Authors: Mark M. Grinshtein
Comments: 8 Pages. in Russian

The article shows the mechanism of negative pathogenic fields occurrence inside refrigerator and their influence on the functional state of body. \\ В статье рассматривается механизм возникновения отрицательных болезнетворных полей внутри холодильника и их влияние на функциональное состояние организма.
Category: Physics of Biology

[159] viXra:1611.0147 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-10 23:02:52

Biofield Energy Signals, Energy Transmission and Neutrinos

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi
Comments: 5 Pages.

There has been significant data published in peer-reviewed scientific journals about Mr. Mahendra Kumar Trivedi exercising the biofield energy to change the behaviour and characteristics of living organisms including soil, seeds, plants, trees, animals, microbes, and humans, along with non-living materials including metals, ceramics, polymers, chemicals, pharmaceutical compounds and nutraceuticals, etc. This effect of Mr. Trivedi’s biofield energy on living beings and non-living materials is referred to as The Trivedi Effect ®. The changes are attributed to changes at the atomic level and the subatomic level. Changes in atomic/molecular weights are postulated to the changes in atomic mass and atomic charge through possible mediation of neutrinos. The recent discovery of neutrino oscillations seems to give credence to our postulates. This paper discusses briefly about the neutrinos and some of Mr. Trivedi’s results and attempts to link these to biofield energy and associated signal transmissions.
Category: Physics of Biology

[158] viXra:1611.0027 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-02 12:12:46

Supercomputers in Biological Cells

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

Using the largest computer in Japan-one of the most powerful in the world-research led by an MSU scientist has achieved breakthroughs in understanding how proteins are affected by realistic biological environments. The work, published in the current issue of eLife, is a significant step forward in simulating biology in a computer. [16] Researchers led by Carnegie Mellon University physicist Markus Deserno and University of Konstanz (Germany) chemist Christine Peter have developed a computer simulation that crushes viral capsids. By allowing researchers to see how the tough shells break apart, the simulation provides a computational window for looking at how viruses and proteins assemble. [15] IBM scientists have developed a new lab-on-a-chip technology that can, for the first time, separate biological particles at the nanoscale and could enable physicians to detect diseases such as cancer before symptoms appear. [14] Scientists work toward storing digital information in DNA. [13] Leiden theoretical physicists have proven that DNA mechanics, in addition to genetic information in DNA, determines who we are. Helmut Schiessel and his group simulated many DNA sequences and found a correlation between mechanical cues and the way DNA is folded. They have published their results in PLoS One. [12] We model the electron clouds of nucleic acids in DNA as a chain of coupled quantum harmonic oscillators with dipole-dipole interaction between nearest neighbours resulting in a van der Waals type bonding. [11] Scientists have discovered a secret second code hiding within DNA which instructs cells on how genes are controlled. The amazing discovery is expected to open new doors to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, according to a new study. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[157] viXra:1611.0020 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-02 07:45:06

Primordial Vision and Olfaction

Authors: Domenico Oricchio
Comments: 1 Page.

A hypothesis on the origin of the senses.
Category: Physics of Biology

[156] viXra:1611.0007 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-01 09:24:04

Super-Efficient Light Harvesting

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 35 Pages.

In its billions of years on earth, plant life has become super-efficient at using light – and now it's showing how it does it. [19] An elusive biological cycle in the eye-the daily disposal and regeneration of the end tips of photoreceptor cells-has been captured in images for the first time in a living human eye. Photoreceptors are light-sensitive cells responsible for initiating vision. This glimpse into the inner workings of the eye will help scientists better understand, prevent and manage major eye diseases that affect photoreceptors like age-related macular degeneration and retinitis pigmentosa. [18] A protein found within the powerhouse of a cell could be the key to holding back the march of time, research by scientists at The University of Nottingham has shown. [ IBM scientists have developed a new lab-on-a-chip technology that can, for the first time, separate biological particles at the nanoscale and could enable physicians to detect diseases such as cancer before symptoms appear. [14] Scientists work toward storing digital information in DNA. [13] Leiden theoretical physicists have proven that DNA mechanics, in addition to genetic information in DNA, determines who we are. Helmut Schiessel and his group simulated many DNA sequences and found a correlation between mechanical cues and the way DNA is folded. They have published their results in PLoS One. [12] We model the electron clouds of nucleic acids in DNA as a chain of coupled quantum harmonic oscillators with dipole-dipole interaction between nearest neighbours resulting in a van der Waals type bonding. [11]
Category: Physics of Biology

[155] viXra:1610.0334 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-28 02:09:22

A Non-Particle View of DNA and Its Implication to Cancer Therapy

Authors: Yunita Umniyati, Victor Christianto
Comments: 3 Pages. This paper has been presented at International Conf. on Theoretical and Applied Physics, Sept. 5. 2016

The various eects of electromagnetic fields to DNA have been reported by Luc Montagnier and his group. It has been shown that genetic information can be transmitted to water through applications of electromagnetic fields, means that DNA has wave character. Here, non-particle view of DNA challenges standard paradigm of DNA and biology. Based on frequency, it can have implications for physics of cancer.
Category: Physics of Biology

[154] viXra:1610.0329 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-27 11:16:25

Unknown Medicine

Authors: Mark M. Grinshtein
Comments: Pages.

The article reviews the concept of information-wave medicine created by the author. The author also suggests several methods of remote diagnosis and therapy which allow for elimination even of "incurable" diseases beyond the reach of conventional medicine.
Category: Physics of Biology

[153] viXra:1610.0306 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-25 12:04:59

Multiphoton Fluorescence Microscopy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

Optical microscopy experts at Colorado State University are once again pushing the envelope of biological imaging. [13] Researchers at the University of Melbourne have developed a way to radically miniaturise a Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) machine using atomic-scale quantum computer technology. [12] With one in two Australian children reported to have tooth decay in their permanent teeth by age 12, researchers from the University of Sydney believe they have identified some nanoscale elements that govern the behaviour of our teeth. [11] When cryoEM images are obtained from protein nanocrystals the images themselves can appear to be devoid of any contrast. A group of scientists from the Netherlands have now demonstrated that lattice information can be revealed and enhanced by a specialized filter. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[152] viXra:1610.0269 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-23 08:33:39

Computer Breaks Virus Apart

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 28 Pages.

Researchers led by Carnegie Mellon University physicist Markus Deserno and University of Konstanz (Germany) chemist Christine Peter have developed a computer simulation that crushes viral capsids. By allowing researchers to see how the tough shells break apart, the simulation provides a computational window for looking at how viruses and proteins assemble. [15] IBM scientists have developed a new lab-on-a-chip technology that can, for the first time, separate biological particles at the nanoscale and could enable physicians to detect diseases such as cancer before symptoms appear. [14] Scientists work toward storing digital information in DNA. [13] Leiden theoretical physicists have proven that DNA mechanics, in addition to genetic information in DNA, determines who we are. Helmut Schiessel and his group simulated many DNA sequences and found a correlation between mechanical cues and the way DNA is folded. They have published their results in PLoS One. [12] We model the electron clouds of nucleic acids in DNA as a chain of coupled quantum harmonic oscillators with dipole-dipole interaction between nearest neighbours resulting in a van der Waals type bonding. [11] Scientists have discovered a secret second code hiding within DNA which instructs cells on how genes are controlled. The amazing discovery is expected to open new doors to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, according to a new study. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[151] viXra:1610.0246 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-21 08:04:44

Mechanical Properties of Biomolecules

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 28 Pages.

Physicists at LMU have developed a novel nanotool that provides a facile means of characterizing the mechanical properties of biomolecules. [15] Scientists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have succeeded at measuring these forces for the very first time on the level of single base pairs. This new knowledge could help to construct precise molecular machines out of DNA. The researchers published their findings in the journal Science. [14] Scientists work toward storing digital information in DNA. [13] Leiden theoretical physicists have proven that DNA mechanics, in addition to genetic information in DNA, determines who we are. Helmut Schiessel and his group simulated many DNA sequences and found a correlation between mechanical cues and the way DNA is folded. They have published their results in PLoS One. [12] We model the electron clouds of nucleic acids in DNA as a chain of coupled quantum harmonic oscillators with dipole-dipole interaction between nearest neighbours resulting in a van der Waals type bonding. [11] Scientists have discovered a secret second code hiding within DNA which instructs cells on how genes are controlled. The amazing discovery is expected to open new doors to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, according to a new study. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[150] viXra:1610.0243 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-20 18:50:38

The Container Principle of Life Formation

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

A forth principle is added to explain where life begins and why.
Category: Physics of Biology

[149] viXra:1610.0233 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-19 13:50:50

Biomedical Gold Nanowires

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 22 Pages.

Grown like a snowflake and sharpened with a sewing machine, a novel device by Kansas State University researchers may benefit biomedical professionals and the patients they serve during electrode and organ transplant procedures. [12] Scientists from the National Research Nuclear University and collaborators have used a highly sensitive laser device to register infrasonic vibrations in human body. [11] When cryoEM images are obtained from protein nanocrystals the images themselves can appear to be devoid of any contrast. A group of scientists from the Netherlands have now demonstrated that lattice information can be revealed and enhanced by a specialized filter. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[148] viXra:1610.0227 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-19 11:29:21

Consciousness Entropy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 34 Pages.

Consciousness appears to arise naturally as a result of a brain maximizing its information content. So says a group of scientists in Canada and France, which has studied how the electrical activity in people's brains varies according to individuals' conscious states. The researchers find that normal waking states are associated with maximum values of what they call a brain's "entropy". [22] New research published in the New Journal of Physics tries to decompose the structural layers of the cortical network to different hierarchies enabling to identify the network's nucleus, from which our consciousness could emerge. [21] Where in your brain do you exist? Is your awareness of the world around you and of yourself as an individual the result of specific, focused changes in your brain, or does that awareness come from a broad network of neural activity? How does your brain produce awareness? [20] In the future, level-tuned neurons may help enable neuromorphic computing systems to perform tasks that traditional computers cannot, such as learning from their environment, pattern recognition, and knowledge extraction from big data sources. [19] IBM scientists have created randomly spiking neurons using phase-change materials to store and process data. This demonstration marks a significant step forward in the development of energy-efficient, ultra-dense integrated neuromorphic technologies for applications in cognitive computing. [18] An ion trap with four segmented blade electrodes used to trap a linear chain of atomic ions for quantum information processing. Each ion is addressed optically for individual control and readout using the high optical access of the trap. [17] To date, researchers have realised qubits in the form of individual electrons (aktuell.ruhr-uni-bochum.de/pm2012/pm00090.html.en). However, this led to interferences and rendered the information carriers difficult to programme and read. The group has solved this problem by utilising electron holes as qubits, rather than electrons. [16] Physicists from MIPT and the Russian Quantum Center have developed an easier method to create a universal quantum computer using multilevel quantum systems (qudits), each one of which is able to work with multiple "conventional" quantum elements – qubits. [15] Precise atom implants in silicon provide a first step toward practical quantum computers. [14] A method to produce significant amounts of semiconducting nanoparticles for light-emitting displays, sensors, solar panels and biomedical applications has gained momentum with a demonstration by researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory. [13] A source of single photons that meets three important criteria for use in quantum-information systems has been unveiled in China by an international team of physicists. Based on a quantum dot, the device is an efficient source of photons that emerge as solo particles that are indistinguishable from each other. The researchers are now trying to use the source to create a quantum computer based on "boson sampling". [11] With the help of a semiconductor quantum dot, physicists at the University of Basel have developed a new type of light source that emits single photons. For the first time, the researchers have managed to create a stream of identical photons. [10] Optical photons would be ideal carriers to transfer quantum information over large distances. Researchers envisage a network where information is processed in certain nodes and transferred between them via photons. [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Physics of Biology

[147] viXra:1610.0203 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-17 10:53:32

One-Dimensional Navier-Stokes Finite Element Flow Model

Authors: Taha Sochi
Comments: 46 Pages.

This technical report documents the theoretical, computational, and practical aspects of the one-dimensional Navier-Stokes finite element flow model. The document is particularly useful to those who are interested in implementing, validating and utilizing this relatively-simple and widely-used model.
Category: Physics of Biology

[146] viXra:1610.0139 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-13 11:31:21

Photoreceptors Regeneration of AMD

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 34 Pages.

An elusive biological cycle in the eye - the daily disposal and regeneration of the end tips of photoreceptor cells - has been captured in images for the first time in a living human eye. Photoreceptors are light-sensitive cells responsible for initiating vision. This glimpse into the inner workings of the eye will help scientists better understand, prevent and manage major eye diseases that affect photoreceptors like age-related macular degeneration and retinitis pigmentosa. [18] A protein found within the powerhouse of a cell could be the key to holding back the march of time, research by scientists at The University of Nottingham has shown. [17] Researchers at the University of Connecticut have uncovered new information about how particles behave in our bloodstream, an important advancement that could help pharmaceutical scientists develop more effective cancer drugs. [16] For the past 15 years, the big data techniques pioneered by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, have been revolutionizing biomedical research. On Sept. 6, 2016, JPL and the National Cancer Institute (NCI), part of the National Institutes of Health, renewed a research partnership through 2021, extending the development of data science that originated in space exploration and is now supporting new cancer discoveries. [15] IBM scientists have developed a new lab-on-a-chip technology that can, for the first time, separate biological particles at the nanoscale and could enable physicians to detect diseases such as cancer before symptoms appear. [14] Scientists work toward storing digital information in DNA. [13] Leiden theoretical physicists have proven that DNA mechanics, in addition to genetic information in DNA, determines who we are. Helmut Schiessel and his group simulated many DNA sequences and found a correlation between mechanical cues and the way DNA is folded. They have published their results in PLoS One. [12] We model the electron clouds of nucleic acids in DNA as a chain of coupled quantum harmonic oscillators with dipole-dipole interaction between nearest neighbours resulting in a van der Waals type bonding. [11] Scientists have discovered a secret second code hiding within DNA which instructs cells on how genes are controlled. The amazing discovery is expected to open new doors to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, according to a new study. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[145] viXra:1610.0129 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-12 07:55:37

Infrasonic Vibrations in Humans

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 21 Pages.

Scientists from the National Research Nuclear University and collaborators have used a highly sensitive laser device to register infrasonic vibrations in human body. [11] When cryoEM images are obtained from protein nanocrystals the images themselves can appear to be devoid of any contrast. A group of scientists from the Netherlands have now demonstrated that lattice information can be revealed and enhanced by a specialized filter. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[144] viXra:1610.0107 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-10 06:01:06

Fighting the Effects of Aging

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

A protein found within the powerhouse of a cell could be the key to holding back the march of time, research by scientists at The University of Nottingham has shown. [17] Researchers at the University of Connecticut have uncovered new information about how particles behave in our bloodstream, an important advancement that could help pharmaceutical scientists develop more effective cancer drugs. [16] For the past 15 years, the big data techniques pioneered by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, have been revolutionizing biomedical research. On Sept. 6, 2016, JPL and the National Cancer Institute (NCI), part of the National Institutes of Health, renewed a research partnership through 2021, extending the development of data science that originated in space exploration and is now supporting new cancer discoveries. [15] IBM scientists have developed a new lab-on-a-chip technology that can, for the first time, separate biological particles at the nanoscale and could enable physicians to detect diseases such as cancer before symptoms appear. [14] Scientists work toward storing digital information in DNA. [13] Leiden theoretical physicists have proven that DNA mechanics, in addition to genetic information in DNA, determines who we are. Helmut Schiessel and his group simulated many DNA sequences and found a correlation between mechanical cues and the way DNA is folded. They have published their results in PLoS One. [12] We model the electron clouds of nucleic acids in DNA as a chain of coupled quantum harmonic oscillators with dipole-dipole interaction between nearest neighbours resulting in a van der Waals type bonding. [11] Scientists have discovered a secret second code hiding within DNA which instructs cells on how genes are controlled. The amazing discovery is expected to open new doors to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, according to a new study. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[143] viXra:1610.0088 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-07 12:31:29

Reading Biological Signals

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 14 Pages.

Scientists have created a material that could make reading biological signals, from heartbeats to brainwaves, much more sensitive. [8] The human body is controlled by electrical impulses in, for example, the brain, the heart and nervous system. These electrical signals create tiny magnetic fields, which doctors could use to diagnose various diseases, for example diseases of the brain or heart problems in young foetuses. Researchers from the Niels Bohr Institute have now succeeded in developing a method for extremely precise measurements of such ultra-small magnetic fields with an optical magnetic field sensor. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[142] viXra:1610.0058 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-05 02:11:48

Particles in Our Bloodstream

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 31 Pages.

Researchers at the University of Connecticut have uncovered new information about how particles behave in our bloodstream, an important advancement that could help pharmaceutical scientists develop more effective cancer drugs. [16] For the past 15 years, the big data techniques pioneered by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, have been revolutionizing biomedical research. On Sept. 6, 2016, JPL and the National Cancer Institute (NCI), part of the National Institutes of Health, renewed a research partnership through 2021, extending the development of data science that originated in space exploration and is now supporting new cancer discoveries. [15] IBM scientists have developed a new lab-on-a-chip technology that can, for the first time, separate biological particles at the nanoscale and could enable physicians to detect diseases such as cancer before symptoms appear. [14] Scientists work toward storing digital information in DNA. [13] Leiden theoretical physicists have proven that DNA mechanics, in addition to genetic information in DNA, determines who we are. Helmut Schiessel and his group simulated many DNA sequences and found a correlation between mechanical cues and the way DNA is folded. They have published their results in PLoS One. [12] We model the electron clouds of nucleic acids in DNA as a chain of coupled quantum harmonic oscillators with dipole-dipole interaction between nearest neighbours resulting in a van der Waals type bonding. [11] Scientists have discovered a secret second code hiding within DNA which instructs cells on how genes are controlled. The amazing discovery is expected to open new doors to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, according to a new study. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[141] viXra:1610.0021 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-03 00:49:32

In Search of Gauge Theories for Living Cells: a Topological Exploration on the Deep Structure of Biological Complexity

Authors: Arturo Tozzi, Jorge Navarro, James F Peters, Pedro C. Marijuán
Comments: 14 Pages.

Gauge theories had a tremendous impact in particle physics and have been recently proposed in order to assess nervous activity too. Here, taking into account novel claims from topology, the mathematical branch which allows the investigation of the most general systems activity, we aim to sketch a gauge theory addressed to the fundamentals of cellular organization. In our framework, the reference system is the living cell, equipped with general symmetries and energetic constraints standing for the intertwined biochemical, biomolecular, and metabolic pathways that allow the homeostasis. Abstractly, these functional movements follow donut-like trajectories. Environmental stimuli stand for forces able to locally break the symmetry of metabolic pathways, while the species-specific DNA is the gauge field that restores the general homeostasis after external perturbations. We show how the Borsuk-Ulam Theorem (BUT), which states that a single point on a circumference maps two points on a sphere, allows an inquiry of the evolution from inorganic to organic structures and the comparison between prokaryotic and eukaryotic metabolisms and whole functionalities. Furthermore, using recently developed BUT variants, we operationalize a methodology for the description of cellular activity in terms of topology/gauge fields and discuss about the experimental implications and feasible applications. A new avenue for a deeper exploration of biological complexity looms.
Category: Physics of Biology

[140] viXra:1609.0438 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-30 10:18:29

Without Thought Force the Milky Way Wouldn't be the Same—Thought Force in Practice

Authors: Tamas Lajtner
Comments: 15 Pages.

Thoughts and gravity have common roots. Gravity changes your thoughts, and your thoughts change gravity. How ? According to current, widespread understanding, measurable thoughts are electromagnetic signals of the brain. We made a very simple experiment with force of thought using a paper wheel. We concluded that the energy carried by thoughts (expressed in frequency of energy wave) was eight orders of magnitude beyond the highest frequencies of the brain’s electric waves. The brain’s electromagnetic signal doesn’t explain all effects of thought, it is just a part of measurable thought. Thought is a gravity-like force. According to the General theory of Relativity, gravity is the deformation of space-time. With this definition, however, we can only partially account for the peculiarities of the force of thought. For a complete understanding, we must redefine the concept of gravity; and for this, we must broaden our concept of the "space-time" conceptual system. This broader version can be described as "space-matter" model. Gravity can be regarded as changes in the frequencies of space waves. Thought manifests itself as a gravity-like force, as a new fundamental force. This new force can be given as the changes in the frequencies of space waves, too. Using thought force is possible in our daily practice, too. We can build devices and create methods that are run by thought force.
Category: Physics of Biology

[139] viXra:1609.0418 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-29 05:31:36

Receptor Proteins in X-ray Laser

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 22 Pages.

An international team of scientists has learned how to determine the spatial structure of a protein obtained with an X-ray laser using the sulfur atoms it contains. This development is the next stage in the project of a group led by Vadim Cherezov to create an effective method of studying receptor proteins. [11] When cryoEM images are obtained from protein nanocrystals the images themselves can appear to be devoid of any contrast. A group of scientists from the Netherlands have now demonstrated that lattice information can be revealed and enhanced by a specialized filter. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[138] viXra:1609.0415 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-29 07:20:50

Polarized Nuclear Imaging

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

A unique new imaging method, called "polarized nuclear imaging" – combining powerful aspects of both magnetic resonance imaging and gamma-ray imaging and developed by physicists in the University of Virginia's departments of Physics and Radiology – has potential for new types of high-resolution medical diagnostics as well as industrial and physics research applications. [12] An international team of scientists has learned how to determine the spatial structure of a protein obtained with an X-ray laser using the sulfur atoms it contains. This development is the next stage in the project of a group led by Vadim Cherezov to create an effective method of studying receptor proteins. [11] When cryoEM images are obtained from protein nanocrystals the images themselves can appear to be devoid of any contrast. A group of scientists from the Netherlands have now demonstrated that lattice information can be revealed and enhanced by a specialized filter. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[137] viXra:1609.0221 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-15 02:57:34

Cancer and Space Research

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 29 Pages.

For the past 15 years, the big data techniques pioneered by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, have been revolutionizing biomedical research. On Sept. 6, 2016, JPL and the National Cancer Institute (NCI), part of the National Institutes of Health, renewed a research partnership through 2021, extending the development of data science that originated in space exploration and is now supporting new cancer discoveries. [15] IBM scientists have developed a new lab-on-a-chip technology that can, for the first time, separate biological particles at the nanoscale and could enable physicians to detect diseases such as cancer before symptoms appear. [14] Scientists work toward storing digital information in DNA. [13] Leiden theoretical physicists have proven that DNA mechanics, in addition to genetic information in DNA, determines who we are. Helmut Schiessel and his group simulated many DNA sequences and found a correlation between mechanical cues and the way DNA is folded. They have published their results in PLoS One. [12] We model the electron clouds of nucleic acids in DNA as a chain of coupled quantum harmonic oscillators with dipole-dipole interaction between nearest neighbours resulting in a van der Waals type bonding. [11] Scientists have discovered a secret second code hiding within DNA which instructs cells on how genes are controlled. The amazing discovery is expected to open new doors to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, according to a new study. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[136] viXra:1609.0152 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-12 08:24:19

DNA Forces

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 26 Pages.

Scientists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have succeeded at measuring these forces for the very first time on the level of single base pairs. This new knowledge could help to construct precise molecular machines out of DNA. The researchers published their findings in the journal Science. [14] Scientists work toward storing digital information in DNA. [13] Leiden theoretical physicists have proven that DNA mechanics, in addition to genetic information in DNA, determines who we are. Helmut Schiessel and his group simulated many DNA sequences and found a correlation between mechanical cues and the way DNA is folded. They have published their results in PLoS One. [12] We model the electron clouds of nucleic acids in DNA as a chain of coupled quantum harmonic oscillators with dipole-dipole interaction between nearest neighbours resulting in a van der Waals type bonding. [11] Scientists have discovered a secret second code hiding within DNA which instructs cells on how genes are controlled. The amazing discovery is expected to open new doors to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, according to a new study. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[135] viXra:1609.0093 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-08 07:07:06

Atom Probe Tomography

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 21 Pages.

With one in two Australian children reported to have tooth decay in their permanent teeth by age 12, researchers from the University of Sydney believe they have identified some nanoscale elements that govern the behaviour of our teeth. [11] When cryoEM images are obtained from protein nanocrystals the images themselves can appear to be devoid of any contrast. A group of scientists from the Netherlands have now demonstrated that lattice information can be revealed and enhanced by a specialized filter. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[134] viXra:1608.0441 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-30 14:10:56

Studies on the Viability of the Boundary Element Method for the Real-Time Simulation of Biological Organs

Authors: Kirana Kumara P
Comments: 216 Pages. This is a draft (preprint) version. (PhD registration Jan 2, 07; coursework Jan to Apr, 07; comprehensive exam Apr 20, 09; colloquium Aug 14, 15; submission Aug 20, 15; defense (oral exam) Aug 22, 16. The final version of the thesis is deposited at IISc.)

Realistic and real-time computational simulation of biological organs (e.g., human kidneys, human liver) is a necessity when one tries to build a quality surgical simulator that can simulate surgical procedures involving these organs. Currently deformable models, spring-mass models, or finite element models are widely used to achieve the realistic simulations and/or the real-time performance. It is widely agreed that continuum mechanics based numerical techniques are preferred over deformable models or spring-mass models, but those techniques are computationally expensive and hence the higher accuracy offered by those numerical techniques come at the expense of speed. Hence there is a need to study the speed of different numerical techniques, while keeping an eye on the accuracy offered by those numerical techniques. Such studies are available for the Finite Element Method (FEM) but rarely available for the Boundary Element Method (BEM). Hence the present work aims to conduct a study on the viability of BEM for the real-time simulation of biological organs, and the present study is justified by the fact that BEM is considered to be inherently efficient when compared to mesh based techniques like FEM. A significant portion of literature on the real-time simulation of biological organs suggests the use of BEM to achieve better simulations. When one talks about the simulation of biological organs, one needs to have the geometry of a biological organ in hand. Geometry of biological organs of interest is not readily available many a times, and hence there is a need to extract the three dimensional (3D) geometry of biological organs from a stack of two dimensional (2D) scanned images. Software packages that can readily reconstruct 3D geometry of biological organs from 2D images are expensive. Hence, a novel procedure that requires only a few free software packages to obtain the geometry of biological organs from 2D image sequences is presented. The geometry of a pig liver is extracted from CT scan images for illustration purpose. Next, the three dimensional geometry of human kidney (left and right kidneys of male, and left and right kidneys of female) is obtained from the Visible Human Dataset (VHD). The novel procedure presented in this work can be used to obtain patient specific organ geometry from patient specific images, without requiring any of the many commercial software packages that can readily do the job. To carry out studies on the speed and accuracy of BEM, a source code for BEM is needed. Since the BEM code for 3D elasticity is not readily available, a BEM code that can solve 3D linear elastostatic problems without accounting for body forces is developed from scratch. The code comes in three varieties: a MATLAB version, a Fortran version (sequential version), and a Fortran version (parallelized version). This is the first free and open source BEM code for 3D elasticity. The developed code is used to carry out studies on the viability of BEM for the real-time simulation of biological organs, and a few representative problems involving kidneys and liver are found to give accurate solutions. The present work demonstrates that it is possible to simulate linear elastostatic behaviour in real-time using BEM without resorting to any type of precomputations, on a computer cluster by fully parallelizing the simulations and by performing simulations on different number of processors and for different block sizes. Since it is possible to get a complete solution in real-time, there is no need to separately prove that every type of cutting, suturing etc. can be simulated in real-time. Future work could involve incorporating nonlinearities into the simulations. Finally, a BEM based simulator may be built, after taking into account details like rendering.
Category: Physics of Biology

[133] viXra:1608.0359 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-26 07:40:35

Cortical Conscious Network

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

New research published in the New Journal of Physics tries to decompose the structural layers of the cortical network to different hierarchies enabling to identify the network's nucleus, from which our consciousness could emerge. [21] Where in your brain do you exist? Is your awareness of the world around you and of yourself as an individual the result of specific, focused changes in your brain, or does that awareness come from a broad network of neural activity? How does your brain produce awareness? [20] In the future, level-tuned neurons may help enable neuromorphic computing systems to perform tasks that traditional computers cannot, such as learning from their environment, pattern recognition, and knowledge extraction from big data sources. [19] IBM scientists have created randomly spiking neurons using phase-change materials to store and process data. This demonstration marks a significant step forward in the development of energy-efficient, ultra-dense integrated neuromorphic technologies for applications in cognitive computing. [18] An ion trap with four segmented blade electrodes used to trap a linear chain of atomic ions for quantum information processing. Each ion is addressed optically for individual control and readout using the high optical access of the trap. [17] To date, researchers have realised qubits in the form of individual electrons (aktuell.ruhr-uni-bochum.de/pm2012/pm00090.html.en). However, this led to interferences and rendered the information carriers difficult to programme and read. The group has solved this problem by utilising electron holes as qubits, rather than electrons. [16] Physicists from MIPT and the Russian Quantum Center have developed an easier method to create a universal quantum computer using multilevel quantum systems (qudits), each one of which is able to work with multiple "conventional" quantum elements – qubits. [15] Precise atom implants in silicon provide a first step toward practical quantum computers. [14] A method to produce significant amounts of semiconducting nanoparticles for light-emitting displays, sensors, solar panels and biomedical applications has gained momentum with a demonstration by researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory. [13] A source of single photons that meets three important criteria for use in quantum-information systems has been unveiled in China by an international team of physicists. Based on a quantum dot, the device is an efficient source of photons that emerge as solo particles that are indistinguishable from each other. The researchers are now trying to use the source to create a quantum computer based on "boson sampling". [11] With the help of a semiconductor quantum dot, physicists at the University of Basel have developed a new type of light source that emits single photons. For the first time, the researchers have managed to create a stream of identical photons. [10] Optical photons would be ideal carriers to transfer quantum information over large distances. Researchers envisage a network where information is processed in certain nodes and transferred between them via photons. [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Physics of Biology

[132] viXra:1608.0357 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-26 07:11:36

Network Theory of Consciousness

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

Where in your brain do you exist? Is your awareness of the world around you and of yourself as an individual the result of specific, focused changes in your brain, or does that awareness come from a broad network of neural activity? How does your brain produce awareness? [20] In the future, level-tuned neurons may help enable neuromorphic computing systems to perform tasks that traditional computers cannot, such as learning from their environment, pattern recognition, and knowledge extraction from big data sources. [19] IBM scientists have created randomly spiking neurons using phase-change materials to store and process data. This demonstration marks a significant step forward in the development of energy-efficient, ultra-dense integrated neuromorphic technologies for applications in cognitive computing. [18] An ion trap with four segmented blade electrodes used to trap a linear chain of atomic ions for quantum information processing. Each ion is addressed optically for individual control and readout using the high optical access of the trap. [17] To date, researchers have realised qubits in the form of individual electrons (aktuell.ruhr-uni-bochum.de/pm2012/pm00090.html.en). However, this led to interferences and rendered the information carriers difficult to programme and read. The group has solved this problem by utilising electron holes as qubits, rather than electrons. [16] Physicists from MIPT and the Russian Quantum Center have developed an easier method to create a universal quantum computer using multilevel quantum systems (qudits), each one of which is able to work with multiple "conventional" quantum elements – qubits. [15] Precise atom implants in silicon provide a first step toward practical quantum computers. [14] A method to produce significant amounts of semiconducting nanoparticles for light-emitting displays, sensors, solar panels and biomedical applications has gained momentum with a demonstration by researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory. [13] A source of single photons that meets three important criteria for use in quantum-information systems has been unveiled in China by an international team of physicists. Based on a quantum dot, the device is an efficient source of photons that emerge as solo particles that are indistinguishable from each other. The researchers are now trying to use the source to create a quantum computer based on "boson sampling". [11] With the help of a semiconductor quantum dot, physicists at the University of Basel have developed a new type of light source that emits single photons. For the first time, the researchers have managed to create a stream of identical photons. [10] Optical photons would be ideal carriers to transfer quantum information over large distances. Researchers envisage a network where information is processed in certain nodes and transferred between them via photons. [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Physics of Biology

[131] viXra:1608.0071 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-07 08:19:01

"Patch" for DNA

Authors: Mark M. Grinshtein
Comments: 5 Pages.

The article reviewed a technique of diagnosing and treating gene viral diseases by way of identification and subsequent recovery (repair) of abnormal chromosomes.
Category: Physics of Biology

[130] viXra:1608.0070 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-07 08:30:00

Why Humans Become Old

Authors: Mark M. Grinshtein
Comments: 5 Pages.

The article considers the telomere theory which authors were awarded the Nobel Prize in 2009. The aging process is explained from the point of view of Information-Wave Medicine (IWM). The aging program is shown to be a multi-level genetic structure controlled by the body’s internal biological clock.
Category: Physics of Biology

[129] viXra:1608.0061 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-06 04:35:50

IBM Detect Cancer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 27 Pages.

IBM scientists have developed a new lab-on-a-chip technology that can, for the first time, separate biological particles at the nanoscale and could enable physicians to detect diseases such as cancer before symptoms appear. [14] Scientists work toward storing digital information in DNA. [13] Leiden theoretical physicists have proven that DNA mechanics, in addition to genetic information in DNA, determines who we are. Helmut Schiessel and his group simulated many DNA sequences and found a correlation between mechanical cues and the way DNA is folded. They have published their results in PLoS One. [12] We model the electron clouds of nucleic acids in DNA as a chain of coupled quantum harmonic oscillators with dipole-dipole interaction between nearest neighbours resulting in a van der Waals type bonding. [11] Scientists have discovered a secret second code hiding within DNA which instructs cells on how genes are controlled. The amazing discovery is expected to open new doors to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, according to a new study. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[128] viXra:1608.0022 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-02 11:37:25

Nano Drug Delivery Systems

Authors: A.S.Bhattacharyya, P.Prabhakar
Comments: 03 Pages. Working Paper

A study of polymer erosion rate during drug delivery.
Category: Physics of Biology

[127] viXra:1607.0452 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-24 13:57:58

Storing Digital Information in DNA

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 25 Pages.

Scientists work toward storing digital information in DNA. [13] Leiden theoretical physicists have proven that DNA mechanics, in addition to genetic information in DNA, determines who we are. Helmut Schiessel and his group simulated many DNA sequences and found a correlation between mechanical cues and the way DNA is folded. They have published their results in PLoS One. [12] We model the electron clouds of nucleic acids in DNA as a chain of coupled quantum harmonic oscillators with dipole-dipole interaction between nearest neighbours resulting in a van der Waals type bonding. [11] Scientists have discovered a secret second code hiding within DNA which instructs cells on how genes are controlled. The amazing discovery is expected to open new doors to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, according to a new study. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[126] viXra:1607.0451 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-24 10:23:11

DNA Information Layers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 21 Pages.

Leiden theoretical physicists have proven that DNA mechanics, in addition to genetic information in DNA, determines who we are. Helmut Schiessel and his group simulated many DNA sequences and found a correlation between mechanical cues and the way DNA is folded. They have published their results in PLoS One. [12] We model the electron clouds of nucleic acids in DNA as a chain of coupled quantum harmonic oscillators with dipole-dipole interaction between nearest neighbours resulting in a van der Waals type bonding. [11] Scientists have discovered a secret second code hiding within DNA which instructs cells on how genes are controlled. The amazing discovery is expected to open new doors to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, according to a new study. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[125] viXra:1607.0190 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-16 03:02:02

Magnetic Field of Nervous System

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 13 Pages.

The human body is controlled by electrical impulses in, for example, the brain, the heart and nervous system. These electrical signals create tiny magnetic fields, which doctors could use to diagnose various diseases, for example diseases of the brain or heart problems in young foetuses. Researchers from the Niels Bohr Institute have now succeeded in developing a method for extremely precise measurements of such ultra-small magnetic fields with an optical magnetic field sensor. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[124] viXra:1607.0098 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-08 05:33:10

Some Observations on Dynamical Modeling of Electrical Impedance Implemented to Human Skin

Authors: Z. Vosika A. Vasić, G. Lazović, L. Matija
Comments: 14 Pages.

Bio-electrical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) electrical signals of low power of human tissue, relatively low frequencies (up to 1 MHz), as well as non-invasive method is important to distinguish the physiological state of organisms. Modelling of electrical properties of human skin in the standard laboratory conditions is an open theoretical, practical and clinical problem. The purpose of this study is twofold: 1) The analysis and decision on possible options under the new biophysical models of its electric characteristics, based on discrete-continuous model of frequency scaling; 2) From the literature known concept of frequency dependent negative dynamic electrical resistanceas used in the case of high frequency , bringing the total mpproach to modeling material.To measure bioimpendanse of the human skin was used instrument 1255 Frequency Response Analyser in combination with Solartron 1286 Pstat/Gstat, wodel considerably improves. Both objectives have in common that they stem from a dynamic aith suitable additional equipment. Due to the inadequacy of the software package ZView® for Windows in this case, for fitting data was used Levmar. Both packages are based on the Levenberg-Marquardt's nonlinear least squares algorithm. Mathematical and biophysical model presented as a unified continuous-discrete Cole - equation for impedance of the material. Measurements were done on human skin of the forearm, as the test system. The applied voltage is, inerval of the source fequency is and electrode diameters are 0.25 cm and 2 cm. In the paper shows that the standard continuous two- and three-component model of Cole bioimendanse human skin is fitted better than their discretized version, in all scales, for all the selected frequency steps. Assuming a negative value of active high-frequency electrical resistance, we have improved fit of the continuum model as compared to the previous continuous model about 10%.For here introduced the dynamic properties of the model, it is necessary to carry out as many new bio-medical and clinical analysis of different tissues.
Category: Physics of Biology

[123] viXra:1606.0322 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-28 22:14:25

Anxiety Emotion Affects Health in View of System Science

Authors: Feng Lin
Comments: 8 Pages. Study the bio-system in view of system science and physics

In this paper we discussed the affect of anxiety emotion in view of system science. With the help of limit cycle model and non-equilibrium thermodynamics, it shows that the affect caused by anxiety emotion is different from person to person. Using synthesis and metabolism frequency as the basis to category the affects, we found that the affect will cause some kind of population over weighted while some kind of population will become thinner and thinner. This depends on whether synthesis and metabolism frequency decreases or increases. We gave some suggestion about getting rid of the affect caused by such kind of emotion according to different kind of population.
Category: Physics of Biology

[122] viXra:1606.0239 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-21 23:26:12

Life, Sense and the Role of Information in Evolution

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 12 Pages.

The present work purports to the design, implementation, discussion and implications of a Sense Enhanced Game of Life (SEGoL), which is essentially the original GoL, the most popular cellular automaton discovered. To achieve this, two grids, namely the Life Grid L and the Sense Grid S are defined, with L taking one of two values (alive or dead) and S taking one of three values (touch, sight and sound), and the value in a particular grid affecting neighborhood perceptibility as well as survival in the corresponding grid. Evolutionary patterns are studied for various rules, coupled with the entropy values and survival rates. It is seen that the proposed Sense Enhanced Game of Life (SEGoL), essentially adapting Conway’s original Game of Life Rules, scaled for larger neighborhoods, and for enhanced perceptibility, displays a diverse range of interesting evolutionary dynamics, while also retaining the original features of the original Game of Life including the still-life and oscillating elements for the pure touch case. It is seen that if the conditions and neighborhood rules are conducive to retention of certain senses, the system is capable of effectively organizing its sense distributions and enhancing its perception, resulting in higher survival rates and sustaining life, and this gives an insight into higher evolved organisms of the planet, such as human beings.
Category: Physics of Biology

[121] viXra:1605.0200 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-19 09:22:16

New Antibiotics

Authors: Domenico Oricchio
Comments: 1 Page.

I theorize a new method to create antibiotics using genetically modified organism
Category: Physics of Biology

[120] viXra:1605.0198 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-19 05:04:10

Hypotheses on Malaria Treatment

Authors: Domenico Oricchio
Comments: 1 Page.

Mouse population in malaria-infected areas may contain antibodies, or antibiotics, and genetic sequencing could provide a cure
Category: Physics of Biology

[119] viXra:1605.0081 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-08 13:47:14

First life

Authors: Domenico Oricchio
Comments: 1 Page.

Some hypotheses on the origin of life on earth
Category: Physics of Biology

[118] viXra:1605.0077 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-07 14:20:51

Epstein Barr Virus the Cause of Multiple Sclerosis

Authors: Katarina Barukčić, Ilija Barukčić
Comments: 13 Pages. C) Katarina Barukčić, Sofia, Bulgaria and Ilija Barukčić, Jever, Germany, 2016. PUBLISHED BY: Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics, 4, 1042-1053. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jamp.2016.46109

Although many studies have found a kind of a relationship between an Epstein–Barr virus (EBV) and the development of multiple sclerosis (MS), a fundamental aspect of this relationship remain uncertain. What is the cause of multiple sclerosis (MS)? In this study, we re-analysed the data as published by Wandinger et al. and were able to establish the new insight that without an Ep-stein–Barr virus (EBV) infection no development of multiple sclerosis (MS) is possible. Furthermore, we determined a highly significant causal relationship between Epstein–Barr virus (EBV) and multiple sclerosis. Altogether, Epstein–Barr virus (EBV) is the cause of multiple sclerosis (p-value 0,0004251570).
Category: Physics of Biology

[117] viXra:1605.0076 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-07 09:23:19

A Genetic Cure for the Cancer

Authors: Domenico Oricchio
Comments: 1 Page.

I hypothesize a common cure for genetic diseases and cancer
Category: Physics of Biology

[116] viXra:1604.0384 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-29 21:50:35

The Principle of Biostellar Evolution

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

A new principle of science is presented to connect biology with astronomy.
Category: Physics of Biology

[115] viXra:1604.0319 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-23 08:38:36

Producing, Crystallizing Biomolecules

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 22 Pages.

A new center has been established on campus to help researchers probe the structure of biological molecules. Housed in the basement of the Shriram Center, the Macromolecular Structure Knowledge Center contains equipment and resources for producing and crystallizing biological molecules. [11] When cryoEM images are obtained from protein nanocrystals the images themselves can appear to be devoid of any contrast. A group of scientists from the Netherlands have now demonstrated that lattice information can be revealed and enhanced by a specialized filter. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[114] viXra:1604.0312 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-22 18:12:38

Alleles Dynamics

Authors: Domenico Oricchio
Comments: 1 Page.

I write the alleles dynamics far from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium
Category: Physics of Biology

[113] viXra:1604.0005 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-01 09:52:34

Brain Processes Emotions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 21 Pages.

A new study reveals how two populations of neurons in the brain contribute to the brain's inability to correctly assign emotional associations to events. Learning how this information is routed and misrouted could shed light on mental illnesses including depression, addiction, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder. [11] In dynamic neuronal networks, pervasive oscillatory activity is usually explained by pointing to pacemaking elements that synchronize and drive the network. Recently, however, scientists at The Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel studied synchronized periodic bursting that emerged spontaneously in a network of in vitro rat hippocampus and cortex neurons, finding that roughly 60% of all active neurons were self-sustained oscillators when disconnected from the network – and that each neuron oscillated at its own frequency, which is controlled by the neuron's excitability. [10] Most biology students will be able to tell you that neural signals are sent via mechanisms such as synaptic transmission, gap junctions, and diffusion processes, but a new study suggests there's another way that our brains transmit information from one place to another. [9] Physicists are expected to play a vital role in this research, and already have an impressive record of developing new tools for neuroscience. From two-photon microscopy to magneto-encephalography, we can now record activity from individual synapses to entire brains in unprecedented detail. But physicists can do more than simply provide tools for data collection. [8] Discovery of quantum vibrations in 'microtubules' inside brain neurons supports controversial theory of consciousness. The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[112] viXra:1603.0417 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-31 09:42:50

Hippocampal and Cortical Neurons Oscillate

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 19 Pages.

In dynamic neuronal networks, pervasive oscillatory activity is usually explained by pointing to pacemaking elements that synchronize and drive the network. Recently, however, scientists at The Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel studied synchronized periodic bursting that emerged spontaneously in a network of in vitro rat hippocampus and cortex neurons, finding that roughly 60% of all active neurons were self-sustained oscillators when disconnected from the network – and that each neuron oscillated at its own frequency, which is controlled by the neuron's excitability. [10] Most biology students will be able to tell you that neural signals are sent via mechanisms such as synaptic transmission, gap junctions, and diffusion processes, but a new study suggests there's another way that our brains transmit information from one place to another. [9] Physicists are expected to play a vital role in this research, and already have an impressive record of developing new tools for neuroscience. From two-photon microscopy to magneto-encephalography, we can now record activity from individual synapses to entire brains in unprecedented detail. But physicists can do more than simply provide tools for data collection. [8] Discovery of quantum vibrations in 'microtubules' inside brain neurons supports controversial theory of consciousness. The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[111] viXra:1603.0407 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-30 11:09:18

Antimatter and Antimemories

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 16 Pages.

One the most intriguing physics discoveries of the last century was the existence of antimatter, material that exists as the "mirror image" of subatomic particles of matter, such as electrons, protons and quarks, but with the opposite charge. Antimatter deepened our understanding of our universe and the laws of physics, and now the same idea is being proposed to explain something equally mysterious: memory. [10] Most biology students will be able to tell you that neural signals are sent via mechanisms such as synaptic transmission, gap junctions, and diffusion processes, but a new study suggests there's another way that our brains transmit information from one place to another. [9] Physicists are expected to play a vital role in this research, and already have an impressive record of developing new tools for neuroscience. From two-photon microscopy to magneto-encephalography, we can now record activity from individual synapses to entire brains in unprecedented detail. But physicists can do more than simply provide tools for data collection. [8] Discovery of quantum vibrations in 'microtubules' inside brain neurons supports controversial theory of consciousness. The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[110] viXra:1603.0230 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-15 22:29:34

A Few Comments on Montagnier and Gariaev’s Work: Omne Vivum ex Vivo Via Crebritudo?

Authors: Victor Christianto, Yunita Umniyati
Comments: 5 Pages. This paper has been submitted to IFSL (www.scipress.com). Your comments are welcome

In a series of papers, Luc Montagnier and his group reported various effects of electromagnetic fields to DNA. It has been shown that genetic information can be transmitted to water through applications of electromagnetic field. These experiments seem to confirm what have been done by Peter Gariaev and his group in the past 3 decades, i.e. that DNA has wave character. Of course, non-particle view of DNA challenges standard paradigm of DNA and biology. The purpose of this paper is to review shortly such a non-particle view of DNA. To conclude, then we consider an extension of known adage: “Omne vivum ex vivo”, to become “Omne vivum ex vivo via crebritudo” (crebritudo is the Latin word for “frequency”).
Category: Physics of Biology

[109] viXra:1603.0043 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-04 01:04:37

Once Again on the Eqilibrium Stability of a Man

Authors: Karlo Moistsrapishvili
Comments: 8 Pages.

The given paper studies conditions of the equilibrium stability of a cylinder – shaped homogeneous body. Thus, conditions of the equilibrium stability of different proportion upright standing men were studied. A new method allowing determination of a man’s common center of gravity was developed. An optimal bending forward angle at which the degree of the equilibrium stability of an upright standing man reaches its maximum value was determined. Hence, the appropriate conclusions were drawn.
Category: Physics of Biology

[108] viXra:1602.0132 [pdf] submitted on 2016-02-11 22:21:28

The Truth About Evolution

Authors: Jonathan Tooker
Comments: 13 Pages. 3 figures, 2 tables

The purpose of this report is to debunk Darwin's theory of evolution and any variant theory that relies on the natural rate of mutation to explain the origin of new genes. We construct a model of DNA and show that the minimum rate of mutation needed to produce humans within the geological age of the Earth is too high. It is much higher than any realistic model of random mutations. The calculation presented here should end the evolution debate, at least in its Darwinian limit. Other problems with evolution are discussed.
Category: Physics of Biology

[107] viXra:1601.0254 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-23 10:03:49

Teleporting Memory of Living Creature

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 16 Pages.

For the first time, physicists have proposed a method for teleporting the memory of a living creature to another location, while also offering up a way to create a Schrödinger's cat-like state, where this creature theoretically exists in two places at the same time. At this stage, they’ve only figured out how to do this to bacteria, but they say mastering it could be the key to teleporting more complex things. [10] Most biology students will be able to tell you that neural signals are sent via mechanisms such as synaptic transmission, gap junctions, and diffusion processes, but a new study suggests there's another way that our brains transmit information from one place to another. [9] Physicists are expected to play a vital role in this research, and already have an impressive record of developing new tools for neuroscience. From two-photon microscopy to magneto-encephalography, we can now record activity from individual synapses to entire brains in unprecedented detail. But physicists can do more than simply provide tools for data collection. [8] Discovery of quantum vibrations in 'microtubules' inside brain neurons supports controversial theory of consciousness. The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[106] viXra:1601.0236 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-22 04:01:41

Photographs of Protein Nanocrystals

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 20 Pages.

When cryoEM images are obtained from protein nanocrystals the images themselves can appear to be devoid of any contrast. A group of scientists from the Netherlands have now demonstrated that lattice information can be revealed and enhanced by a specialized filter. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[105] viXra:1601.0205 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-18 13:25:43

Algorithm of Cell Reprogramming

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 21 Pages.

An international team of researchers from the Duke-NUS Medical School (Duke-NUS), the University of Bristol, Monash University and RIKEN have developed an algorithm that can predict the factors required to convert one human cell type to another. These game-changing findings, recently published online on 18 January 2016 in the journal Nature Genetics, have significant implications for regenerative medicine and lay the groundwork for further research into cell reprogramming. [11] Scientists have discovered a secret second code hiding within DNA which instructs cells on how genes are controlled. The amazing discovery is expected to open new doors to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, according to a new study. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[104] viXra:1601.0199 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-18 06:58:37

Detecting the Detector: Significant Examples

Authors: Colin Bruce Jack
Comments: 6 Pages.

This paper adds supplementary information to my previous papers on Detecting The Detector and should be read in conjunction with them. It lists potentially widespread categories of use of a detector-detecting sense, including some which may be ecologically or scientifically important. Candidates described are: - The Histioteuthidae family, common name cockeyed squid - Chameleons - Members of the tarantula family which have convergently evolved a blue coloration of specific wavelength - Fish and other marine animals which use counterillumination generally assumed to be for concealment, yet actually emit light from a pattern of discrete spots, which is not optimum for concealment but could be optimum for retroreflector-detection - Some of the very wide range of animals which have light-detecting opsins distributed over their body surface. Especially in conjunction with the ability to vary the intensity or other properties of light reflected or emitted from the local body surface, this could enable omnidirectional detection of animals hiding in shadow: large-eyed predators at medium range, or small-eyed prey at close range. Also potentially relevant to the widespread importance of a retroreflector-detecting sense is the existence of animals with pupils which do not have circular symmetry. This may be evidence of an ‘arms race’: how you do evolve an effective eye which minimizes its own detectability by retroreflection?
Category: Physics of Biology

[103] viXra:1601.0163 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-14 18:14:50

The Origin of Life

Authors: PV Raktoe
Comments: 3 Pages.

The origin of life remains a mystery and mankind will always wonder if we are alone in the universe. We can see the universe beyond our solar system but we will never reach the nearest star, so we will never see an alien life form. But this I do know, the universe has the same structure and properties as something on Earth. The universe is like a quantum ocean, it’s filled with quantum particles, quantum whirlpools and turbulent quantum streams and therefore it looks like the oceans on Earth. I explained why in my Vixra paper 1508.0191, that paper describes the origin of gravity. Gravity also tells us something about the different kinds of quantum particles and their properties, it tells us that those quantum particles are there for a reason and that tells us something about the origin of life. 
Category: Physics of Biology

[102] viXra:1601.0160 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-15 03:19:40

Life Definition

Authors: Domenico Oricchio
Comments: Pages.

A statistical definition of life
Category: Physics of Biology

[101] viXra:1511.0262 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-27 08:39:09

Detecting the Detector: Readily Testable Examples

Authors: Colin Bruce Jack
Comments: 5 Pages.

This paper adds supplementary information to my previous paper Detecting The Detector[1] and should be read in conjunction with it. It lists additional examples of animals which may be using a detector-detecting sense, permitting straightforward verification experiments in readily accessible environments.
Category: Physics of Biology

[100] viXra:1511.0107 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-13 00:06:34

In Searching of Trees Natural Vibration Frequency Based on Granular Particles Interactions and Vibration

Authors: Sparisoma Viridi, Pindi Patana, Sena Adi Subrata, Hendy Hertiasa, Mikrajuddin Abdullah
Comments: 9 pages, 13 figures, 1 table, presented in International Seminar on Biological Sciences 2015, Medan, Indonesia, 17 October 2015, #24

Inspiring by Leonardo's formula regarding cross section of trees from trunk to branches, Eloy (2011) found that Leonardo's exponent is between 1.8 and 2.3, instead of exact 2. In this work another aspect is investigated, tree branches natural frequency. It is already usual that in a nearly no-windy condition, some branches vibrated alternatively due to wind movement passing their leaves. This could explain why in a very windy situation a tree may survive, while a power line construction not. It could be addressed to their natural vibration frequency. A tree model based on granular particle interaction in Eloy's parameter ranges is developed. Vibration is induced to some parts to investigate which other part will be also vibrated. Few branches trees and many ones give different responses. From the results prevention may be designed to conserve our forestry resources.
Category: Physics of Biology

[99] viXra:1511.0066 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-08 01:25:58

Death, Instinct, Birth

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 4 Pages.

I think everything in the universe, as well as in every century, is really only one thing. So life and death can't be separate things. What we call death must really be continuation of life. If animals and humans are quantum entangled with every point in space-time, such a condition would allow animals to automatically, or instinctively, do and know things beyond their individual reasoning abilities. Think of the possibilities if this principle is applied to human consciousness. We could acquire knowledge that's presently considered unknowable! We could do things considered impossible! If only life exists, what we term "our lives" has to be continuation of a life we had prior to being born on this planet. Presumably, life before birth is identical to life after death. I think the unknowable and the impossible always exist because the knowledge we gain throughout history, and into future centuries, gradually builds into godlike abilities which transcend the barrier of time apparently only moving forwards. Continuing the theme of humanity's future godlike abilities - Einstein told us space and time are curved and warped. This allows evolution to be restricted to adaptations and relatively minor modifications within species. Their origin is plausibly explained by human biotechnology from centuries in the future finding its way into the distant past.
Category: Physics of Biology

[98] viXra:1510.0477 [pdf] submitted on 2015-10-28 20:37:37

Spatiotemporal Pattern Generation using Frequency Dependent Chaos (Towards Tunable Evolution and Emergence)

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 7 Pages.

A novel kind of chaos dependent on frequency and offering the twin advantages of easy tunability and simplicity of implementation is proposed, using which, a simple methodology to generate a chaotic signal is designed and implemented in hardware using FPGA, and the generated chaos is characterized using standard parameters such as Lyapunov Exponents and Kolmogorov Entropy. This temporal signal is used as the basis acting on a spatial propagation rule to generate spatiotemporal patterns. The generated patterns and their dependence on the spatial and temporal rules are studied. The distinguishing features of the obtained spatiotemporal patterns are simplicity of implementation, richness of features observed and a temporal rather than a spatial basis for generation, leading to implementation without employing memory consuming neighbourhood rules, which form the highlights of the present work. The generation of spatiotemporal patterns is seen as a road to tunable evolution and emergence, and finds immense applications such as bar code and random number generators.
Category: Physics of Biology

[97] viXra:1510.0441 [pdf] submitted on 2015-10-27 21:09:27

Integrative Medicine System Based On Music

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 20 Pages.

The lifestyle of today’s world demands a reliable, comprehensive integrative medicine system with minimal side effects. One of the most prominent candidates is music, an enjoyable healthcare approach. The present article formulates a music based integrative medicine system. Specifically, the physician-patient interaction is explored. Based on this model, Ayurveda and modern science such as Quantum Consciousness, Chaos Theory, Statistical Theory of Communication, Information Theory and Neurodynamics, six dimensions are formulated. These are physiological (TriDoshas), emotional (TriGunas), Sociological (Temperament), Psychological (Brain Waves), Spiritual (Chakras) and Informational (Landscape). The connection between music and each of these dimensions are explored. The formulation created in this article thus opens the doors for reliable, enjoyable, holistic healthcare with minimal side effects using music.
Category: Physics of Biology

[96] viXra:1510.0419 [pdf] submitted on 2015-10-27 09:14:28

An Ode to Music: Chaos Theory, Meridians and Melakarthas

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 21 Pages.

It is well known that the variations in frequencies (Swaras) and timbre (tone) form melody (Raga), the key aspect leading to all kinds of music experience. The pinnacle of exploring the frequencies within an octave is the Melakartha system of Carnatic Music, forming the motivation of the present work. A time domain waveform of the Swara is used to form an iterative map explaining the evolution and behavior of the Raga, and thus music experience. The presence of sensitivity, or chaotic behavior is seen and studied using phase portraits, maximal Lyapunov Exponents and Distance Plots. Following this, the basics of Meridian based healing in Traditional Chinese Medicine are explored, and by formulating a procedure to compute the “Deviance” of a Raga, the 72 Melakartha Ragas are mapped to the 72 Meridians in the Human Body. It is opined that this article takes the first step towards a series of research developments culminating in an era of “Holistic Healthcare and Personal/Personnel Management using Music”.
Category: Physics of Biology

[95] viXra:1510.0388 [pdf] submitted on 2015-10-25 08:06:53

Identification of Low Dimensional Chaos in Epileptogenic Seizure and Non-Seizure EEG using Solitary Wavelet Analysis

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 16 Pages.

The present work purports to the spectral and nonlinear analysis of intracranially recorded Electroencephalogram (EEG) time series data resulting in the identification and characterization of a low-dimensional chaos therein. Specifically, three categories of EEG time series data are considered: those recorded in non-epileptogenic regions during normal activity (‘healthy’ EEG), those recorded in epileptogenic regions during seizure activity (‘Seizure’ EEG), and those recorded in epileptogenic regions during normal non-seizure activity. In order to perform the spectral analysis efficiently, a new kind of wavelet, the solitary wavelet is proposed based on the hyperbolic secant function, where it is seen that this wavelet possesses vanishing higher moments with a negative logarithmic slope, thus translating to efficient detection of burst type signals without multiple levels of decomposition and reconstruction. The spectral analyses of the three categories of EEG data performed using Fourier and Wavelet analyses reveal that seizure EEG spectra, to a greater extent, and non-seizure epileptogenic EEG spectra, to a lesser extent, display prominent high frequency peaks, suggestive of resonant behavior. Nonlinear analysis using phase portraits too confirm the resonance oriented periodic orbits seen in Seizure EEG. Finally, quantitative analysis performed using Largest Lyapunov Exponents (LLE) and Fractal Dimension (D) reveal that both D and LLE values for seizure EEG are much lower than the healthy counterparts, with non-seizure epileptogenic EEG D and LLE values seen somewhere in between. The essence of these results is the observation of a distinct, uniquely identifiable low-dimensional chaotic behavior in EEG taken from epileptogenic region during non-seizure activities. This information can be used both as a preventive epilepsy diagnostic technique, as well as a post-surgical recovery assessment tool, and this forms the novelty of the present work.
Category: Physics of Biology

[94] viXra:1510.0110 [pdf] submitted on 2015-10-13 05:56:45

Watch Out for Iphones!

Authors: Mark M. Grinshtein
Comments: Pages.

There have been given brief comparative characteristics of main smartphone producers, Apple and Samsung. There has been studied impact of the gadgets on human health.
Category: Physics of Biology

[93] viXra:1510.0090 [pdf] submitted on 2015-10-11 05:25:03

Revisiting the Issue of Early Diagnostics and Treatment of Malignant Prostate Neoplasms. \\ К вопросу о ранней диагностике и лечении злокачественных новообразований простаты.

Authors: Mark M. Grinshtein
Comments: Pages. in Russian

The article describes the approach to early diagnostics and treatment of prostate cancer from the perspective of information-wave medicine. \\ В статье описан подход к ранней диагностике и лечению рака простаты с позиции информационно-волновой медицины.
Category: Physics of Biology

[92] viXra:1509.0296 [pdf] submitted on 2015-09-30 21:11:08

A Sense Enhanced Game of Life (SEGoL)

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 13 Pages.

The Game of Life is arguably the most popular and productive cellular automaton ever discovered, with applications in evolutionary dynamics and Turing Machine Designs. The present work purports to the design, implementation and discussion of a Sense Enhanced Game of Life (SEGoL), which is essentially the original GoL including sense enhanced perceptibility. To achieve this, two grids, namely the Life Grid L and the Sense Grid S are defined, with L taking one of two values (alive or dead) and S taking one of three values (touch, sight and sound), with the value in a particular S grid affecting the neighborhood perceptibility in the corresponding S grid. Based on the design, the evolutionary patterns are studied for various rules, coupled with the entropy values and survival rates. Among various cases explored, certain interesting cases leading to self-organization in the sense grids, with or without accompaniment of clustering of certain senses are observed. It is seen that the proposed Sense Enhanced Game of Life (SEGoL), essentially adapting Conway’s original Game of Life Rules, scaled for larger neighborhoods, and for enhanced perceptibility, displays a diverse range of interesting evolutionary dynamics, while also retaining the original features of the original Game of Life including the still-life and oscillating elements for the pure touch case. It is hoped that the results detailed here would form preliminary steps in transforming a reductionist, structural perspective of life to a radical and innovative holistic, information based understanding of life.
Category: Physics of Biology

[91] viXra:1509.0260 [pdf] submitted on 2015-09-27 16:13:34

Subjective Experiences as a Manifestation of an Interface Between Dark and Ordinary Matter

Authors: Evgeny A. Novikov
Comments: 6 Pages.

This work is based on modification of the general relativity, which includes effects of production /absorption of matter by the vacuum. The theory (without fitting parameters) is in good quantitative agreement with cosmological observations. In this theory we got an interface between dark and ordinary matter, which very likely exist not only in cosmos, but everywhere, including our body and, especially, our brain. Subjective experiences are considered as a manifestation of that interface. This opens a possibility of a "communication" with dark matter. Probable applications of these ideas include health (brain stimulation), communication, computational capabilities and energy resources.
Category: Physics of Biology

[90] viXra:1508.0286 [pdf] submitted on 2015-08-26 18:49:31

The Orch OR Theory of Consciousness and Information Theory: Limits on the Speed of Switching of Quantum States allow Coherence over the Length Scales of Cellular Biology

Authors: Simon WW Manley
Comments: 6 Pages.

The theory of Orchestrated Objective Reduction (Orch OR) can be reformulated using the Margolus-Levitin Theorem of conventional quantum mechanics, thereby preserving the essential predictions of Orch OR without invoking a theory of Quantum Gravity which still awaits satisfactory development. Further, we demonstrate that, at the energies encountered in biology, quantum states cannot evolve quickly enough to preclude causal interactions over length scales matching the dimensions of typical cells. The facile inference, often drawn, that decoherence of a quantum state in a heat bath at biological temperatures is too rapid to permit significant quantum effects is thereby shown to be fallacious.
Category: Physics of Biology

[89] viXra:1508.0077 [pdf] submitted on 2015-08-11 03:41:37

On the Question of Free-Radical Theory of Human Aging. \\ К вопросу о свободнорадикальной теории старения человека.

Authors: Mark M. Grinshtein
Comments: Pages. in Russian

The article presents the results of studies confirming the inconsistency of the "free radical theory of aging." It proves the genic-viral etiology of this process and the role of antioxidants in slowing down the aging process. \\ В статье приведены результаты исследований, подтверждающие несостоятельность свободнорадикальной теории старения». Доказана генно-вирусная этиология этого процесса, а также роль антиоксидантов в замедлении процессов старения.
Category: Physics of Biology

[88] viXra:1506.0109 [pdf] submitted on 2015-06-14 04:52:37

An Empirical Foundation for Awareness; As the Basis for Unified Field Mechanics

Authors: Richard L. Amoroso
Comments: 13 Pages.

For the field of Consciousness Studies or Cognitive Science to advance pragmatically, rigorous quantifiable theoretical elements with experimentally testable protocols leading to a wide range of applicable results must occur. In this work we introduce a new unit of physical measure called the ‘Psychon’ named in honor of Nobelist Sir John Eccles to formally quantify ‘mental energy’. Additionally an experimental design is outlined to falsify the model. If the procedure for quantifying mind is successful it will have far reaching consequences for ‘mind science’ breaking down the 1st person - 3rd person barrier leading to a new class of ‘conscious technology’. The task introduces a new age of discovery in the progression Newtonian Mechanics to Quantum Mechanics to a 3rd regime of reality - Unified Field Mechanics (UFM); the long awaited paradigm shift justifiably fraught with detail and new nomenclature!
Category: Physics of Biology

[87] viXra:1504.0236 [pdf] submitted on 2015-04-29 11:27:53

Darwinian Model of Evolution. II

Authors: Dalius Balciunas
Comments: 1 page

A story about self-replicating life which unintentionally became organized struggling to survive.
Category: Physics of Biology

[86] viXra:1504.0186 [pdf] submitted on 2015-04-24 07:37:04

Secret Code Within Human DNA

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 20 Pages.

Scientists have discovered a secret second code hiding within DNA which instructs cells on how genes are controlled. The amazing discovery is expected to open new doors to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, according to a new study. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems.
Category: Physics of Biology

[85] viXra:1503.0230 [pdf] submitted on 2015-03-28 14:56:48

Fractal Geometry a Possible Explanation to the Accelerating Growth Rate of Trees

Authors: Blair D. Macdonald
Comments: 15 Pages.

In a recent publication it was discovered trees growth rate accelerates with age. Trees are described as being clear examples of natural fractals. Do fractals offer insight to the accelerating expansion? In this investigation the classical (Koch snowflake) fractal was inverted to model the growth of a fractals seen from a fixed – new growth – perspective. New triangle area sizes represented new branch volume; these new triangles were held constant allowing earlier triangles in the set to expand as the fractal set iterated (grew) through time. Velocities and accelerations were calculated for both the area of the total fractal, and the distance between points within the fractal set using classical kinematic equations. It was discovered that the area(s) of earlier triangles expanded exponentially, and as a consequence the total snowflake area grew exponentially. Distances between points (nodes) – from any location within the fractal set – receded away at exponentially increasing velocities and accelerations. For trees, if the new growth branch volume size remains constant through time, its supporting branches volumes will grow exponentially to support their mass. This property of fractals may account for the accelerating volumetric growth rates of trees. A trees age can be measured not only by its annual (growth ring) age, but also by its iteration age: the amount of iterations from trunk to new growth branch. Thought the findings have obvious relevance to the study of trees directly, they may also offer insight into the recently discovered observation of the accelerating growth rate of the universe.
Category: Physics of Biology

[84] viXra:1501.0212 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-23 10:14:50

Quantum Mechanical Biology

Authors: Yuri I. Ozhigov
Comments: 18 Pages.

This article focuses on the approach to biology in terms of quantum mechanics. Quantum biology is a hypothesis that allows experimental verification, and pretends to be a further refinement of the known gene-centric model. The state of the species is represented as the state vector in the Hilbert space, so that the evolution of this vector is described by means of quantum mechanics. Experimental verification of this hypothesis is based on the accuracy of quantum theory and the ability to quickly gather statistics when working with populations of bacteria. The positive result of such experiment would allow to apply to the living computational methods of quantum theory, which has not yet go beyond the particular ''quantum effects''.
Category: Physics of Biology

[83] viXra:1501.0182 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-18 22:32:11

A Review of Cancer Electromagnetic Frequency Therapy: Towards Physics of Cancer

Authors: Victor Christianto
Comments: 4 Pages. This article has been submitted to IFSL journal. Your comments are welcome.

It is known that conventional chemotherapy has average success rate of less than 25%, which seems to suggest that we need a better therapy for cancer. Chemotherapy and radiation employ non-specific toxic effects to inhibit the proliferation of both normal and tumor cells. In this regard, specific low frequency EMT has been reported to restore the homeostatic function of genes involved with controlling cell growth. Here I discuss possibility of a novel approach of cancer treatment using various applications of electromagnetic frequency.
Category: Physics of Biology

[82] viXra:1501.0018 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-01 21:28:55

More Precise View about Remote Replication

Authors: M. Pitkänen
Comments: 7 Pages.

The works of Luc Montagnier and Peter Gariaev suggests remote replication of DNA is possible. The developments in the model of dark DNA allow to imagine a detailed mechanism for how water can represent DNA and how DNA could be transcribed to dark DNA - essentially the analog of DNA-RNA transcription would be in question. The transcription/association represents a rule and rules are represented in terms of negentropic entanglement in TGD framework with pairs of states in superposition representing the instances of the rule. Transition energy serves as a characterizer of a molecule - say DNA codon - and the entangled state is a superposition of pairs in which either molecule is excited or dark DNA codon is excited to higher cyclotron state with same energy: this requires tuning of the magnetic field and sufficiently large value of heff at the flux tube. Negentropic entanglement would due to the exchange of dark photons: this corresponds to wave DNA aspect. Dark cyclotron photons also generate negatively charged exclusion zones (EZs) discovered by Pollack and in this process transform part of protons to dark ones residing at the magnetic flux tubes associated with EZs and forming dark proton sequences. This allows to identify a mechanism of remote replication.
Category: Physics of Biology

[81] viXra:1501.0012 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-01 21:50:28

TGD Inspired Model for the Formation of Exclusion Zones from Coherence Regions

Authors: M. Pitkänen
Comments: 4 Pages.

Emilio del Giudice et al have proposed that so collar coherent regions (CDs) of size about 1 micrometer in water are crucial for living systems and there is empirical evidence for them. Gerald Pollack and collaborators have discovered what they call exclusion zones with size up to about 200 micrometers. In the sequel a model for the formation of EZs assuming that CDs are their predecessors is proposed. The model involves also hydrogen bonds in an essential manner. The basic prediction is that the formation of CDs requires UV irradiation at energy around 12.06 eV. Solar radiation at this energy cannot propagate through atmosphere as ordinary photons but could arrive along magnetic flux tubes as dark protons.
Category: Physics of Biology

[80] viXra:1412.0133 [pdf] submitted on 2014-12-07 06:22:31

On Evolution - A Different Perspective

Authors: Padmanabhan Murali
Comments: 9 Pages.

Observations of recurrent evolutions have been noted for long suggesting that evolution prefers certain pathways. At the phenotype and genotype level it appears that evolution tends to arrive at certain solutions that suit environmental conditions present. Further, adaptive Laboratory Evolution studies on single celled organisms show that evolution is consistent and predictable when organisms are subjected to the same environmental Input. This paper presents a case from a different perspective and takes these observations as the starting point to propose a theory that Evolution on the whole is predictable. Only certain organisms are defined to exist as solutions in evolution space and only certain change pathways are possible and evolution necessarily proceeds along them. Presence of many regulatory networks in the organism is common knowledge supplemented by emerging understanding of Gene Regulatory Networks. Networks exist that control an organism right from birth, development, sustenance and survival. Extending this further, hidden regulatory networks are proposed to exist that activate and control organism change (speciation) as a response to environmental change. Evidence (possible cases) for such networks are proposed from literature. A key implication of this hypothesis is it eliminates the need of natural selection as a role player in Evolution. Instead the hidden networks proposed control Speciation. It proposes that beneficial mutations are the result of action of these hidden networks to initiate phenotype change (speciation).
Category: Physics of Biology

[79] viXra:1411.0226 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-18 02:36:35

Detecting the Detector: A Widespread Animal Sense?

Authors: Colin Bruce Jack
Comments: 7 Pages.

A focusing eye acts as a high-performance retroreflector, potentially appearing millions of times brighter when illuminated from a distance than would a matte white surface of the same area. In particular an eye which either has a reflective tapetum near its focal plane, or is operating at f-number less than unity, returns around half of the light entering its pupil in a direction parallel to that in which it arrived.
To detect other animals by eyeshine in this way, however, the detector requires a light source, potentially giving its own position away. The ideal method is therefore to use a form of light which the other animal cannot see, or cannot discriminate from other light. Alternatively, emitting brief flashes of light whose duration is shorter than the time required for the other animal’s pupil to contract, or its eyelid to operate, optimises detection while giving minimal useful information about the detector’s position. Modulation of the source by the detecting animal will cause retroreflected light to vary in sync, potentially allowing the detector to distinguish retroreflected light from background illumination even when the latter is stronger.
In 2009 I pointed out[1] that fluorescent rings around the eye of the triplefin blenny discovered by Michiels et al[2] could allow it to detect other animals, such as potential prey or predators, in this way. The blenny’s rings fluoresce red when illuminated with blue light: only blue light normally penetrates to the depth where it lives. Use of red thus maximizes sensitivity, and red may be invisible to other animals living at depth which have not evolved to see this colour. Michiels et al continue to accumulate evidence supporting the theory[3]. It had previously been suggested that fish living at great depth might emit light for similar reasons[4]. However, little attention appears to have been paid to potential use of the mechanism by animals other than fish. In this paper I introduce circumstantial evidence that many other types of animal likely use it.
Category: Physics of Biology

[78] viXra:1411.0115 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-13 18:20:51

Lognormal Distribution of Firing Time and Rate from a Single Neuron?

Authors: Eszter A. Kish, Claes-Goran Granqvist, Andras Der, Laszlo B. Kish
Comments: 9 Pages. submitted for publication

Even a single neuron may be able to produce significant lognormal features in its firing statistics due to noise in the charging ion current. A mathematical scheme introduced in advanced nanotechnology is relevant for the analysis of this mechanism in the simplest case, the integrate-and-fire model with white noise in the charging ion current.
Category: Physics of Biology

[77] viXra:1410.0197 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-29 20:34:48

Identification of Superparamagnetic Nanoparticles in Biological Objects

Authors: Duplavyi Illia
Comments: 2 Pages.

The objective of this study was to determine the physical parameters involved in detecting and localizing the magnetic field created by superparamagnetic particles localized on the tumor.
Category: Physics of Biology

[76] viXra:1410.0189 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-29 07:18:30

Magnetic Measurement Model of Nanoparticle Properties

Authors: I. Duplavyi
Comments: 2 Pages.

A proposed model describes magnetic field configuration depending on penetration depth of the drug enclosed in a biocompatible form with ferromagnetic material, and surface shape. The model provides more accurate and reliable delivery of nanocomposite, as well as determination of its location in human body. Determination of spatial distribution of nanocomposite will allow calculating the effective dose of its concentration as close as possible for subsequent administration into the object studied.
Category: Physics of Biology

[75] viXra:1410.0167 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-26 22:13:18

Soliton Solution of Sine-Gordon Model of DNA

Authors: Victor Christianto, Yunita Umniyati
Comments: 2 Pages. This paper is draft version, not yet submitted to any journal. Comments are welcome

There are many models of DNA, both the linear ones and the nonlinear ones. One interesting model in this regard is the sine-Gordon model of DNA. It belongs to nonlinear model of DNA which is close to realistic model. Here we discuss a graphical plot of soliton solution of such a sine-Gordon model of DNA.
Category: Physics of Biology

[74] viXra:1410.0158 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-26 04:39:34

Pill for Gays

Authors: Mark M. Grinshtein
Comments: Pages.

The article contains the results of studying homosexuality in terms of informationwave medicine. The viral-genetic aetiology of this pathological condition has been confirmed.
Category: Physics of Biology

[73] viXra:1410.0082 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-15 04:59:52

New Approaches to the Etiology, Diagnosis and Treatment of Cancer. \\ Новые подходы к этиологии, диагностике и лечению рака.

Authors: Mark M. Grinshtein
Comments: Pages. in Russian

The present article reviews modern hypotheses for cancer cells division and provides author’s empirical data on cancer etiology detection and the mechanism of cancer cells division from the viewpoint of the information-wave medicine. \\ В статье рассмотрены современные гипотезы по механизму деления раковых клеток и приведены результаты исследований автора по выявлению этиологии рака, а так же по механизму деления раковых клеток с позиции информационно-волновой медицины.
Category: Physics of Biology

[72] viXra:1409.0193 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-26 06:45:13

Morphogenesis, Morphostasis, and Learning in TGD Framework

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 10 Pages.

According to Michael Levin, concerning morphogenesis and morphostasis the basic challenge is to understand how the shape of the organism is generated and how it is preserved. The standard local approach based on belief on genetic determinism does not allow one to answer these questions satisfactorily.

The first approach to this problem relies on a self-organization paradigm in which the local dynamics of cells leads to large scale structures as self-organization patterns. In TGD framework 3-D self-organization is replaced with 4-D self-organization (the failure of strict determinism of the classical dynamics is essential motivating zero energy ontology (ZEO)). One can speak about 4-D healing: expressing it in somewhat sloppy manner, the space-time surface serving as a classical correlate for the patient is as a whole replaced with the healed one: after the 4-D healing process the organism was never ill in geometrical sense! Note that in quantal formulation one must speak of quantum superposition of space-time surfaces.

Second approach could be seen as computational. The basic idea is that the process is guided by a template of the target state and morphogenesis and healing are computational processes. What Levin calls morphogenetic fields would define this template. It is known that organisms display a kind of coordinate grid providing positional information that allows cells to "decide" about the profile of genetic expression. In TGD framework magnetic body forming coordinate grid formed from flux tubes is a natural candidate for this structure. They would also realize topological quantum computation (TQC) with basic computational operations realized at the nodes of flux tubes to which it is natural to associate some biological sub-structures.

The assumption about final goal defining a template can be argued to be too strong: much weaker principle defining a local direction of dynamics and leading automatically to the final state as something analogous to free energy minimum in thermodynamics might be enough. Unfortunately, second law is the only principle that standard physics can offer. Negentropy Maximization Principle (NMP) provides the desired principle in TGD framework. Also the approach of WCW spinor field to the maximum of vacuum functional (or equivalently that of Kähler function) gives a goal for the dynamics after the perturbation of the organism causing "trauma". If Kähler function is classical space-time correlate for entanglement negentropy, these two views are equivalent.

TGD thus suggests an approach, which could be seen as a hybrid of approaches based on self-organization and computationalism. The magnetic body becomes the key notion and codes also for learned behaviors as TQC programs coded by the braiding of flux tubes. The replication of the magnetic body means also the replication of the programs behind behavioral patterns (often somewhat misleadingly regarded as synonymous with long term memories): both structure and function are replicated. This hypothesis survives the killer tests provided by the strange findings about planaria cut into two and developing new head or tail while retaining its learned behaviors: the findings indicate that behavioral programs are preserved although planaria develops a new brain.
Category: Physics of Biology

[71] viXra:1409.0191 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-26 06:52:00

Pollack's Findings About Fourth Phase of Water: TGD View

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 8 Pages.

The discovery of negatively charged exclusion zone formed in water bounded by gel phase has led Pollack to propose the notion of gel like fourth phase of water. In this article this notion is discussed in TGD framework. The proposal is that the fourth phase corresponds to negatively charged regions - exclusion zones - with size up to 100-200 microns generated when energy is fed into the water - say as radiation, in particular solar radiation. The stoichiometry of the exclusion zone is H1.5O and can be understood if every fourth proton is dark proton residing at the flux tubes of the magnetic body assignable to the exclusion zone and outside it. This leads to a model for prebiotic cell as exclusion zone. Dark protons are proposed to fork dark nuclei whose states can be grouped to groups corresponding to DNA, RNA, amino-acids, and tRNA and for which vertebrate genetic code is realized in a natural manner. The voltage associated with the system defines the analog of membrane potential, and serves as a source of metabolic energy as in the case of ordinary metabolism. The energy is liberated in a reverse phase transition in which dark protons transform to ordinary ones. Dark proton strings serve as analogs of basic biopolymers and one can imagine analog of bio-catalysis with enzymes replaced with their dark analogs. The recent discovery that metabolic cycles emerge spontaneously in absence of cell support this view.
Category: Physics of Biology

[70] viXra:1409.0185 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-26 07:03:56

TGD View About Homeopathy, Water Memory, and Evolution of Immune System

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 6 Pages.

This article represents a brief sketch of TGD based model of water memory and homeopathy as it is after two steps of progress. First one was due to Pollack's findings about exclusion zones of water explained in terms of fourth phase of water. Second step or progress was inspired by an anomaly claimed by Tajmar et al and known as strong gravimagnetism. The attempt to understand the claim led to heff = hgr=hem hypothesis unifying two TGD views about the notion of hierarchy of Planck constants proposed to characterize the phases of dark matter.

In this framework the attempt to understand homeopathy leads to additional insights about about water as living system and about prebiotic life as being based on the dark realization of genetic code realized in terms of dark proton strings which are nothing than dark variants of nuclei. Formation of exclusion zones would be formation of primitive lifeforms and primitive form of metabolism. Homeopathy could be seen as a manifestation of a fundamental form of immune system based on the recognition of invader molecules using reconnection mechanism for magnetic flux tubes and on mimicking the braiding of the magnetic bodies of invader molecules using dark variants of proteins (later proteins) and and eventually representing them symbolically in terms of dark DNA (later ordinary DNA) coding for the dark proteins. Genetic code might have geometric interpretation as coding for the 2-braiding of 3-D coordinate grids represented by magnetic flux tubes serving as the 4-D template coding not only for the structure of the organism but also its functions as spatio-temporal patterns. Protein folding would represent a behavior of protein and DNA would code also for it.
Category: Physics of Biology

[69] viXra:1409.0183 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-26 07:07:47

New Results About Microtubules as Quantum Systems

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 18 Pages.

The latest news in quantum biology is the observation by the group led by Anirban Bandyopadhyay about detection of quantum vibration in microtubule scale - their lengths vary up to 50 μm. If this observation can be replicated, one can speak about breakthrough in quantum consciousness.

The findings reported in an earlier talk of Banduopadhyay give support for the general TGD inspired view about topological quantum computation (TQC) and allow for a rather detailed model in the case of microtubules. The idea is that flux tubes form a 2-D coordinate grid consisting of parallel flux tubes in two different directions. Crossing points would be associated with tubulins and the conformational state of tubulin could define a bit coding whether the braid strands defining coordinate lines are braided or not (swap or not). In this manner any bit pattern at microtubule defines a particular TQC program. If also conformations are quantum superposed, one would have "quantum-quantum computation". It however seems that conformation change is irreversible chemical reaction so that this option is not feasible.

The TGD inspired modification of the proposal in terms of flux tube coordinate grids making possible TQC architectures with tubulin dimers defining bits defining in turn TQC program looks rather natural. Coordinate grids can be fixed on basis of the experimental findings and there are 8 of them. The interpretation is in terms of different resolutions. The grids for A and B type lattices are related by 2π twist for the second end of the basic 13-unit for microtubule. An attractive interpretation for the resonance frequencies is in terms of phase transitions between A and B type lattices. If A type lattices can be generated only in phase transitions induced by AC stimulus at resonance frequencies, one could understand their experimental absence, which is a strong objection against Penrose-Hameroff model.

TGD suggests also a generalization of the very notion of TQC to 2-braid TQC with 2-D string world sheets becoming knotted in 4-D space-time. Now qubits (or their generalizations) could correspond to states of flux tubes defining braid strands as Penrose and Hameroff seem to suggest and the emergence of MTs could be seen as an evolutionary leap due to the emergence of a new abstraction level in cognitive processing.
Category: Physics of Biology

[68] viXra:1409.0182 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-26 07:15:53

General Model for Metabolism

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 10 Pages.

The general strategy in attempts to understand metabolism is based on the assumption that a very large class of anomalous phenomena rely on same basic mechanism. This includes life as a phenomenon, water memory and homeopathy, free energy phenomena involving over-unity phenomena related to the dissociation of water, lightning and ball lightning, anomalous effects associated with rotating magnetic systems, phenomena related to UFOs (light balls), even remote mental interactions. One must have a unified explanation for all these phenomena based on a real theory. Plasmoids are TGD inspired proposal for prebiotic lifeforms and the input from anomalies related to electrolysis of water together with TGD based proposal that sequences of dark protons define dark nuclei realizing vertebrate genetic code leads to the vision that the biochemical metabolic machinery including photosynthesis has a simple analog realized in terms of "polymers" of water molecules with one dark proton with protons bound to sequence by color bonds.

The old view about the metabolic energy quanta as energies liberated as particle "drops" to a larger space-time sheet is modified. Metabolic energy quanta are liberated when the space-time sheet at which the particles reside expands in a phase transition increasing its p-adic prime and reducing the value of Planck constant correspondingly so that the net result is that the size of the space-time sheet remains the same. This condition implies a close relationship between p-adic and dark matter hierarchies. This process is automatically coherent since all particles suffer the change simultaneously. It applies also to a situation in which particles are in magnetic field: in this case the scale of cyclotron energies changes since the strength of the magnetic field is scaled down to guarantee the conservation of magnetic flux. This transition is not cyclotron transition but liberates essentially the same energy as coherent cyclotron transition so that magnetic fields (their "motor actions") become essential players also in metabolic activities.
Category: Physics of Biology

[67] viXra:1409.0021 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-04 03:08:03

EINSTEIN’S Work Explains Placebo Effect

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 3 Pages.

I’ve been doing some more thinking about the miraculous improvement in my friend Karen’s (name changed for privacy) health. This improvement – a less cautious person might even call it a cure – is a real puzzle … but a good one. The surgery she had 6 years ago, and all the chemotherapy and CT scans she’s received, have obviously been absolutely essential. I saw a TV program about Professor Ted Kaptchuk’s work with the placebo effect a few nights ago (his experiments with patients show that placebos have beneficial effects even when the placebo is known to be such) and am wondering if this twist in the placebo effect could be involved. In Karen’s case, the placebo wouldn’t be a pill or other treatment but I think it might possibly be the way she thinks. When diagnosed with a CT scan, the doctor made the seriousness of her condition very clear and said she needed emergency surgery. Karen’s mind was clear at the time and she understood everything he said. But she was really calm because she had the unmistakeable feeling that everything would be fine, even if treatment lasted years. This wasn’t just wishful thinking on Karen’s part because, in her late 40s, she had the same feeling over and over telling her that her 50s would be an extremely difficult time for her health (Karen never mentioned this to anyone before because she had enough problems without being labelled a crazy woman who believes in ESP and precognition). But I think the Theory of Everything and Einstein’s Unified Field provide a rational explanation (both of her drastic improvement and supposed precognition) if they aren’t limited to mathematics but embrace all reality, and unify everything in space and time (including Karen’s beautiful, unconventional mind) into one thing.
Category: Physics of Biology

[66] viXra:1408.0140 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-21 07:02:48

New Approaches to the Etiology, Diagnosis and Treatment of Cancer \\ Новые подходы к этиологии, диагностике и лечению рака

Authors: Mark M. Grinshtein
Comments: 10 Pages. in Russian

The present article reviews modern hypotheses for cancer cells division and provides author’s empirical data on cancer etiology detection and the mechanism of cancer cells division from the viewpoint of the information-wave medicine. \\ В статье рассмотрены современные гипотезы по механизму деления раковых клеток и приведены результаты исследований автора по выявлению этиологии рака, а так же по механизму деления раковых клеток с позиции информационно-волновой медицины.
Category: Physics of Biology

[65] viXra:1407.0177 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-23 19:51:05

Are there Favorite Foods that May Cause Cancer?

Authors: Victor Christianto
Comments: 3 Pages. This article has not been published in any journal.

Acording to an article, there are some favorite foods that may cause cancer, including but not limited to: burgers, steak, fried chicken, french fries, bacon, canned foods, etc. See for instance: http://www.healthyyounaturally.com/edu/top10foodhazards.htm Some of these harmful effects come from acrylamide, a substance that is formed during high-temperature processing of foods. According to Mathilda Bongers etc. at PlosOne journal (2012), acrylamide has correlation with cancer. So do you think, that we should take radical shifts towards avoiding these favorite foods that may cause cancer? And why are they not prohibited from our food list?
Category: Physics of Biology

[64] viXra:1404.0025 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-04 01:51:22

The Underlying Neurobiology Mechanism of Acupuncture and Moxibustion

Authors: Wan-Chung Hu
Comments: 6 Pages.

Acupuncture and moxibustion are two most important managements of traditional Chinese medicine. However, their precise scientific mechanism is still unknown. Acupuncture is usually practiced on arms with three Ying and three Yang pathways and on legs with three Ying and three Yang pathways. The Ying and Yang pathways are actually co-related with the dermatome distribution on arms and legs. The analgesic effect of acupuncture is to sharply stimulate limbs to inhibit the referred pain area in the inner organs. For examples, the inner arm Ying path: 心包經 is actually the T1 dermatome distribution. Thus, 心包經 acupuncture can control the pain in chest including lung, heart, and esophagus. The other important concept of acupuncture mechanism is it can stimulate POMC production. The neuro-endocrine POMC can generate ACTH and endorphin. ACTH will then up-regulate corticosteroid production. Thus, acupuncture also has anti-inflammatory effects such as curing allergic rhinitis. Endorphin activation can also reduce pain and produce euphoria-like feeling. Acupuncture is mediated by sharp pain via A delta fibers. A delta fiber, stimulating sympathetic acute stress response including epinephrine and norepinephrine, can compete the accompanying slow pain/inflammation transmitting c fiber. Thus, acupuncture can suppress pain and inflammation via gate-control like mechanism. Moxibustion plays the opposite role. Moxibustion produces heat sensation which transmits via c fiber. Thus, it will facilitate the host inflammatory/immune response against pathogen infection. Thus, 黃帝內經云針所不宜灸之所治. Another important mechanism for acupuncture is nerve plasticity. In stroke patients, acupuncture stimulates paralyzed limb nerve re-generation and synapse re-formation. This nerve plasticity is the same as the principle of physical rehabilitation. It is worth nothing ear acupuncture mechanism. Vagus nerve distributes in the ear chlorea. Thus, ear acupuncture can also compete the inner organ pain sensation via vagus nerve inhibition as we view ear as another dermatome of inner organ.
Category: Physics of Biology

[63] viXra:1402.0172 [pdf] submitted on 2014-02-27 11:34:36

Biological Processes Within Atmospheric Aerosols

Authors: Colin Bruce Jack
Comments: 10 Pages.

A surprisingly high fraction of sunlight is absorbed during transit of the Earth’s lower atmosphere. One third to one half of this absorption may be unexplained, referred to as the ‘atmospheric absorption anomaly’ or ‘cloud absorption paradox’. This quantity is comparable to the total amount of sunlight falling on known photosynthesising organisms.
This paper sets out the hypothesis that the anomalous absorption is a consequence of biological activity within atmospheric aerosol droplets. Bacterial spores and the recently discovered vesicles emitted in huge numbers by marine bacteria are possible candidates for growth and maybe even reproduction within such droplets. Ways in which, within a droplet, a microorganism can harvest energy while avoiding any significant UV dose are described.
While at present hypothetical, the processes described could resolve several current anomalies, including a major puzzle concerning the origin of life. Practical implications could be relevant to anthropogenic global warming, attempted geoengineering, and photosynthetic energy harvesting. The hypothesis could be tested at low cost.
Category: Physics of Biology

[62] viXra:1402.0074 [pdf] submitted on 2014-02-10 10:04:11

Cyclic Thermal Energy Harvesting By Organisms

Authors: Colin Bruce Jack
Comments: 10 Pages.

Photosynthesis requires complex chemical machinery, and converts only a few percent of incident sunlight energy to useful work. Few animals are photosynthetic. A possible alternative is to use the Carnot cycle, exploiting temperature differences. The maximum efficiency with which work can be extracted is then ~ΔT/T, where terrestrially T~300 K.
For a cold blooded animal which moves frequently between environments at significantly different temperatures, this energy can be substantial: its entire body can act as a thermal reservoir. The energy harvesting machinery might be hard to spot, much as ‘brown fat’ in human adults was overlooked until recently. It could be based on any temperature-sensitive chemical equilibrium, for example one that interacts with ATP formation.
In the temperate and tropical oceans, animals could harvest such energy very easily, by swimming repeatedly up and down through the thermocline. In so doing, they would transfer significant heat from near-surface waters to the mid-depths. Such behavior would be increasingly favored as surface waters become warmer, as has recently occurred. This could conceivably explain the recent ‘pause’ in the anthropogenic greenhouse effect.
At the origin of life, diurnal thermal harvesting by non-motile organisms could evolve far more easily than photosynthesis, and might have preceded both photosynthesis and the use of external chemical energy.
Category: Physics of Biology

[61] viXra:1402.0047 [pdf] submitted on 2014-02-07 01:56:50

The Life and Death

Authors: A.Veselov
Comments: 15 Pages.

Как любят писать, в научной литературе, энтропия – это стремление материи к хаосу. Хотя на самом деле, определение это достаточно расплывчато и малопонятно, ведь как-то нелогично назвать хаосом состояние равномерного распределения.
Category: Physics of Biology

[60] viXra:1311.0087 [pdf] submitted on 2013-11-11 16:34:27

How Can We Take the Intelligent Design People Seriously?

Authors: Remi Cornwall
Comments: 4 Pages.

In this paper, the author argues that evolution of life solely on this planet is not the general case given panspermia (even colonisation/infestation given space technology) and statistically there ought to be life in this vast universe that didn't originate on the planet it resides upon. This raises too, the not insignificant prospect, that life can even been created or genetically modified and brought to a planet, whereupon it could develop in isolation by Darwin/Wallace Laws of Evolution. Inescapably, by the possibility of Evolution giving rise to intelligent life, it must feature a component of Intelligent Design too and to deny this is ironically quasi-religious dogma.
Category: Physics of Biology

[59] viXra:1310.0188 [pdf] submitted on 2013-10-22 06:03:44

Crossing the Psycho-Physical Bridge: Elucidating the Objective Character of Experience

Authors: Richard L Amoroso
Comments: 16 Pages. Psychophysical bridging, Mind-body, Cartesian dualism, Unified field

Recalling Thomas Nagel’s discussion concerning the difficulties associated with developing a scientific explanation for the nature of experience, Nagel states that current reductionist attempts fail by filtering out any basis for consciousness and thus become meaningless since they are logically compatible with its absence. In this article we call into question the fundamental philosophy of the mind-brain identity hypothesis of Cognitive Theory: ‘What processes in the brain give rise to awareness?’ and the associated search for ‘neural correlates of consciousness’ (NCC). The proper scientific manner of posing the query should simply be ‘What processes give rise to awareness?’. We begin to formalize the Eccles psychon and summarize one of fourteen empirical protocols to test this putative model. This requires the new science of Unified Field, UF Mechanics, entailing in terms of our current stage of development operationally completed forms of quantum theory, gravitation and cosmology arising from a unique derivation of the M-Theory (string theoretic) vacuum. Until now the quest for psychophysical bridging has typically been in the arena between brain and quantum geometry; and many have wondered if contemporary science is sufficient for the task. Nagel further asks ‘what would be left if one removed the viewpoint of the subjective observer’ and then suggests ‘that the remaining properties would be the physical processes themselves or states intrinsic to the experience of awareness’. We examine a new theoretical framework for introducing the underlying physical cosmology of these noetic parameters.
Category: Physics of Biology

[58] viXra:1310.0170 [pdf] submitted on 2013-10-19 09:08:53

New Physics Suggests DARWIN’S Origin of Species is Incomplete, and that Godlike Humanity Will Emerge

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 30 Pages.

The basic outline for a different perspective on the Theory of Evolution has been described in this article. It includes many elements that the average person might call nonsense, fantasy or science fiction. I don’t want this hypothesis to be tossed in the nearest rubbish bin, so I’ll explain each element in Part 2 which proposes that the origin of life, and its evolutionary adaptations, cannot be comprehended through biology alone. Comprehension also requires physics. When contemplating the theory of evolution, people almost universally start with an error. They assume evolution belongs exclusively to the biological sciences. Upon reading the previous sentence, some people will compound that error by assuming evolution will not be addressed in terms of science by this article – but perhaps in terms of religion. To quote from the webpage offering the "$25,000 Cosmology Prize in Evolutionary Theory" (http://cosmology.com/), "Darwin evokes or praises and makes reference to the powers of "God" and the "Creator" eleven times in his famous book and repeatedly attributes natural selection to a living "spirit" and to benevolent quasi-supernatural "powers" which keep watch over the works of the "Creator," and which actively strives for the "good" and fights against the "bad;" and this may come as a surprise to those who never read his book, but it is not surprising given that Darwin trained to be a minister of religion." This article consists of 3 parts - NON-DARWINIAN ORIGINS OUTLINED, CONVERTING FANTASY AND SCIENCE FICTION INTO COSMOLOGY AND SCIENCE, and SPECULATIONS CONCERNING FUTURE HUMAN EVOLUTION (the speculation is backed up with science and references).
Category: Physics of Biology

[57] viXra:1309.0199 [pdf] submitted on 2013-09-29 18:40:32

Live of Humanity in Outer Space Without Space Suite

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 10 Pages.

The author proposes and investigates his old idea - a living human in space without the encumbrance of a complex space suit. Only in this condition can biological humanity seriously attempt to colonize space because all planets of Solar system (except the Earth) do not have suitable atmospheres. Aside from the issue of temperature, a suitable partial pressure of oxygen is lacking. In this case the main problem is how to satiate human blood with oxygen and delete carbonic acid gas (carbon dioxide). The proposed system would enable a person to function in outer space without a space suit and, for a long time, without food. That is useful also in the Earth for sustaining working men in an otherwise deadly atmosphere laden with lethal particulates (in case of nuclear, chemical or biological war), in underground confined spaces without fresh air, under water or a top high mountains above a height that can sustain respiration. Key words: Space suit, space colonization, space civilization, life on Moon, Mars and other planets, people existing in space.
Category: Physics of Biology

[56] viXra:1309.0189 [pdf] submitted on 2013-09-28 18:31:00

Human Immortality and Electronic Civilization (In Russian).Бессмертие людей и электронная цивилизация

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 130 Pages.

Бессмертие - это голубая, вековая, самая большая мечта и самое большое желание любого человека. Человек мало думает об этом пока молод, здоров и полон сил. Но когда он болен неизлечимой болезнью или стар, то у него нет большего желания и стремления как пожить еще, всеми силами оттянуть свой конец. И какой бы рай, какие бы блага на том свете не сулила нам религия, подавляющее большинство людей стремятся пробыть как можно дольше здесь на Земле, насладиться жизнью. В книге покaзaно (см. список в концe), что с точки зрeния компьютeрныx нaук чeловeк eсть биологичeский логичeский прибор для обрaботки информaции. Нaшa головa - xрaнилищe информaции, взглядов, привычeк, пaмяти и прогрaмм, нaкоплeнныx и вырaботaнныx чeловeком в тeчeнии eго жизни. Нaш мозг - логичeский прибор, пeрeрaбaтывaющий эту информaцию. Глaзa, уши, кожa и другиe оргaны чувств - дaтчики информaции об окружaющeм мирe, a руки и ноги - исполнитeльныe оргaны прикaзов нaшeго мозгa. Отсюдa срaзу слeдуeт вывод, что eсли мы нaучимся соxрaнять информaцию, нaкоплeнную и вырaботaнную чeловeком в тeчeнии eго жизни, зaписaв ee нa болee стойкиe носитeли (нaпримeр, чипы), то соxрaним eго кaк личность (душу) вeчно. Если жe снaбдим eго дaтчикaми приeмa, нe подвeргaeмой цeнзурe информaции, то позволим eму свободно рaзвивaться кaк личности. А eсли снaбдим eго исполнитeльными оргaнaми, то он получит возможность aктивно воздeйствовaть нa внeшний мир (жить вeчно). Рaсчeтaми покaзaно, что компьютeрнaя тexникa рaзвивaeтся столь стрeмитeльно, что ужe в ближaйшиe 15-30 лeт мощность и пaмять малогабаритных супeркомпьютeров срaвняeтся с мощностью и пaмятью чeловeчeского мозгa, a зaтeм достигнeт и прeвзойдeт мощность мозгов всeго чeловeчeствa. В книге покaзaно, что проблeмa бeссмeртия можeт быть рeшeнa кaрдинaльно только зaмeной биологичeской оболочки чeловeкa нa искусствeнную. Тaкой бeссмeртный чeловeк из чипов и свeрxпрочныx мaтeриaлов (или Е-сущeство, кaк он нaзвaн в книге), будeт имeть огромныe прeимущeствa пeрeд биологичeскими людьми. Он нe будeт нуждaться в пищe, жилищe, воздуxe, снe, отдыxe, экологичeски чистой окружaющeй срeдe, сможeт путeшeствовaть в космосe, по дну окeaнов бeз скaфaндров, сможeт мeнять свой облик (внeшность), облaдaть огромной силой, видeть сквозь стeны, общaться нa огромныx рaсстоянияx, в доли сeкунды прeобрeтaть (пeрeзaписывaть в свой мозг) любыe знaния. Умствeнныe eго способности возрaстут в миллионы рaз. Он получит возможность внeтeлeсного пeрeмeщeния (путeшeствий путeм тeлeпортaции) нa гигaнскиe рaсстояния (нaпримeр, нa другиe плaнeты) со свeтовой скоростью путeм пeрeдaчи лaзeрным лучом xрaнящeйся в eго мозгу информaции в aрeндовaнноe тeло нa другой плaнeтe. Это нe будут жeлeзныe нeуклюжиe роботы, кaк иx изобрaжaют в кино. Искусствeнный чeловeк сможeт выбирaть по своeму жeлaнию своe лицо, фигуру пeрвыx крaсaвцeв (крaсaвиц), имeть нeжную aтлaсную кожу, рaзмножaться (копировaть сeбя) нeогрaничeнно, минуя дeтство, отрочeство и процeсс обучeния. Болee того, тaкой искусствeнный чeловeк будeт нeуничтожaeм любым оружиeм, ибо свою копию или информaцию своeго мозгa, он можeт xрaнить отдeльно и оживить сeбя в зaдaнный момeнт врeмeни. В книге предлагается новый подход к перезаписи информации человеческого мозга в электронные чипы, который позволяет смоделировать душу человека и обеспечить его бессмертие в настоящее время, не вторгаясь в человеческий мозг и не сокращая его земную жизнь. В дaнном Сборникe собрaны нeкоторыe стaтьи, интeрвью aвторa, посвящeнныe вопросaм бeссмeртия чeловeкa, будущeго чeловeчeствa, опубликовaнныe в 1994 - 2005 гг. и дисскуссии в пeчaти, вызвaнныe появлeниeм этиx стaтeй, а тaкжe публикaции по мaтeриaлaм aвторa и отклики в широкой прeссe, посвящeнныe тeмe бeссмeртия и элeктронной цивилизaции: В сборник помeщeны оригинaльныe основныe стaтьи aвторa. Многочислeнныe публикaции, появившиeся в пeчaти, прeдстaвляют, кaк прaвило, пeрeрaботaнныe и урeзaнныe рeдaкторaми вaриaнты или искaжeнныe идeи и мысли aвторa, удобныe для критики оппонeнтом.
Category: Physics of Biology

[55] viXra:1309.0163 [pdf] submitted on 2013-09-24 04:14:10

The Unified Field and the Biofield

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 5 Pages. Also posted at my profile on www.researchgate.net

The Unified Field Theory should take into account (in addition to electromagnetic and gravitational fields) a biological field too. This is my opinion about the biofield (in two parts, emphasizing the first paragraph of part 2). Even though Einstein said one of the most important aspects of science is imagination, some impatient people will regard this article as fantasy because it does not express its conclusions as equations (which is only one aspect of maths - however, the article is built on the equations of others). Keywords – String Theory × Gravitational Waves × Unified theories × Brain × Electromagnetic Fields × Genetic Engineering × einstein × Biofield × hyperspace × Surgery × Star Trek × Resurrection × Global financial crisis × space-time colonies × Bill Gates × Time magazine × Scientific American × 3D printers × band-gap technology × "Tamara Science"
Category: Physics of Biology

[54] viXra:1309.0054 [pdf] submitted on 2013-09-09 06:29:15

Could One Find a Geometric Realization for Genetic and Memetic Codes?

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 8 Pages.

The idea that that icosahedral structures assignable to water clusters could define a geometric representation of some kind of code is very intriguing. Genetic code is of course the code that comes first in mind. The observation that the number of faces of tetrahedron (icosahedron) is 4 (20) raises the question whether genetic code might have a geometric representation. In TGD framework also a second code emerges: I have christened it memetic code. Also memetic code could have a geometric realization. Another purely TGD-based notion is that of dark DNA allowing to assign the states of dark protons with DNA,RNA, tRNA and amino-acids and to predict correctly the numbers of DNA codons coding for a given amino-acid in vertebrate genetic code. A further element is the possibility of strong gravitation in TGD Universe meaning that space-time geometry and topology can be highly non-trivial even in condensed matter length scales. These ingredients allow to imagine geometric representations of genetic and memetic code.
Category: Physics of Biology

[53] viXra:1309.0052 [pdf] submitted on 2013-09-09 06:33:10

Are Dark Photons Behind Biophotons?

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 48 Pages.

TGD approach leads to a prediction that biophotons result when dark photons with large value of effective Planck constant and large wavelength transform to ordinary photons with same energy. The collaboration with Lian Sidorov stimulated a more detailed look for what biophotons are. Also the recent progress in understanding the implications of basic vision behind TGD inspired theory of consciousness erved as an additional motivation for a complementary treatment.

  1. The anatomy of quantum jump in zero energy ontology (ZEO) allows to understand basic aspects of sensory and cognitive processing in brain without ever mentioning brain. Sensory perception - motor action cycle with motor action allowing interpretation as time reversed sensory perception reflects directly the fact that state function reductions occur alternately to the two opposite boundaries of causal diamond (which itself or rather, quantum superposition of CDs, changes in the process).
  2. Also the abstraction and de-abstraction processes in various scales which are essential for the neural processing emerge already at the level of quantum jump. The formation of associations is one aspect of abstraction since it combines different manners to experience the same object. Negentropic entanglement of two or more mental images (CDs) gives rise to rules in which superposed n-particle states correspond to instances of the rule. Tensor product formation generating negentropic entanglement between new mental images and earlier ones generates longer sequences of memory mental images and gives rise to negentropy gain generating experience of understanding, recognition, something which has positive emotional coloring. Quantum superposition of perceptively equivalent zero energy states in given resolution gives rise to averaging. Increasing the abstraction level means poorer resolution so that the insignificant details are not perceived.
  3. Various memory representations should be approximately invariant under the sequence of quantum jumps. Negentropic entanglement gives rise to this kind of stabilization. The assumption that self model is a negentropically entangled system which does not change in state function reduction, leads to a problem. If the conscious information about this kind of subself corresponds to change of negentropy in quantum jump, it seems impossible to get this information. Quite generally, if moment of consciousness corresponds to quantum jump and thus change, how it is possible to carry conscious information about quantum state? Interaction free measurement however allows to circumvent the problem: non-destructive reading of memories and future plans becomes possible in arbitrary good approximation.

    This memory reading mechanism can be formulated for both photons and photons and these two reading mechanisms could correspond to visual memories as imagination and auditory memories as internal speech. Therefore dark photons decaying to biophotons could be crucial element of imagination and the notion bio-phonon could also make sense and even follow as a prediction. This would also suggest a correlation of biophoton emission with EEG for which there is a considerable evidence. The observation that biophotons seem to be associated only with the right hemisphere suggests that at least some parts of right hemisphere prefer dark photons and are thus specialized to visual imagination: spatial relationships are the speciality of the right hemisphere. Some parts of left hemisphere at least might prefer dark phonons: left hemisphere is indeed the verbal hemisphere specialized to linear linguistic cognition.

In the sequel I shall discuss biophotons in TGD Universe as decay products of dark photons and propose among other things an explanation for the hyperbolic decay law in terms of quantum coherence and echo like mechanism guaranteing replication of memory representations. Applications to biology, neuroscience, and consciousness are discussed and also the possible role of biophotons for remote mental interactions is considered. Also evidence for biophonons (Taos hum) is discussed.
Category: Physics of Biology

[52] viXra:1309.0051 [pdf] submitted on 2013-09-09 06:34:59

"Applied Biophysics of Activated Water" and the Basic Mechanism of Water Memory in TGD Framework

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 16 Pages.

A considerable progress has occurred in the understanding of TGD inspired theory of consciousness and quantum biology during the first half of 2013. The new picture allows also much better understanding of quantum biology. The work during the first half of 2013 has allowed to develop in detail several ideas about the role of the magnetic body. Magnetic flux tubes serve as correlates for the formation of quantum coherence and directed attention. The phase transitions changing the value of heff leading to a change of flux tube length and the reconnections of the flux tubes play a key role in bio-catalysis. The dark photons propagating along MEs parallel to the flux tubes make possible resonant interactions between the entities at their ends and the proposed view about sensory, memory, and cognitive representations relies on hypothesis that the braiding of flux tubes defines negentropically entangled systems representing information which is read consciously and non-destructively in good approximation by using interaction free quantum measurements. Dark photons transform to ordinary photons in energy conserving manner and biophotons are identified as outcome of this process.

With this background one return to the old question "What is the exact mechanism of homeopathic healing?". I have considered already earlier answers to this question but they have not been completely convincing. It turns out that one manages to add the missing piece to the puzzle by making the simple question "What is the molecular cause of illness and how homeopathic remedy eliminates it?". Amusingly, I could have identified this piece for years ago but for some reason did not pose the correct question.

The resulting model of homeopathic healing is amazingly simple and at the same time a universal model of bio-catalysis. The entity mimicking the invader molecules "steals" its cyclotron frequencies by varying the thickness of magnetic flux tube and thus magnetic field strength and cyclotron frequency until reconnection with the molecule's magnetic body becomes possible and fusion to single quantum coherent system occurs. In TGD inspired theory of consciousness this process corresponds to directed attention and conscious recognition of the presence of the invader molecule. After this the mimicking entity freezes the thickness of the flux tubes in question becoming thus capable of mimicking the invader molecule and attach to the receptors of the invader molecule and steal the attention of the host organism and induce healing.

The results summarized in the book "Applied Biophysics of Activated Water" of Vysotskii et al provide a test bench for the proposal and allow to formulate it in a more detailed manner. The basic message of the book is that the activation process yields water with anomalous physical properties including water memory and having highly non-trivial - in general positive - effects on living matter. The identification of activated water as ordered water appearing in cell interior is proposed.

This and the general features of the activation process inspire the question whether the analog of the activation process might have taken place during pre-biotic evolution and generated ordered water making DNA stable. Molecular mimicry making possibly immune system would have emerged at the same step and meant also the emergence of symbolic representations. Also the pairs formed by receptor molecules and molecules attaching to them would have emerged at this crucial step when dark matter enters the game. One of they key questions is whether it is dark water molecule clusters or dark DNA that performs the mimicry of various molecules. The results of the book lend support for the model based on dark DNA.
Category: Physics of Biology

[51] viXra:1309.0048 [pdf] submitted on 2013-09-09 06:39:48

Could Photosensitive Emulsions Make Dark Matter Visible?

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 10 Pages.

The article "Possible detection of tachyon monopoles in photographic emulsions" by Keith Fredericks describes in detail very interesting observations by him and also by many other researchers about strange tracks in photographic emulsions induced by various (probably) non-biological mechanisms and also by the exposure to human hands (touching by fingertips) as in the experiments of Fredericks. That the photographic emulsion itself consists of organic matter (say gelatin) might be of significance as also the fact that practically all experimental arrangements involve di-electric breakdown (nerve pulses in the experiments of Fredericks). For particle physicist it is very difficult to accept the proposed interpretation as particle tracks and even more difficult to agree with the identification of particles as tachyonic magnetic monopoles. A more natural interpretation seems to be as "photographs" of pre-existing structures - either completely standard but not well-understood or reflecting new physics associated with the living matter. In TGD framework the identification as images of magnetic flux tubes carrying dark matter and associated with the emulsion - less probably with the source - is natural and the images would be very much analogous to those obtained by Peter Gariaev's group by illuminating DNA sample with visible light.
Category: Physics of Biology

[50] viXra:1309.0040 [pdf] submitted on 2013-09-09 03:25:31

Empirical Protocols for Mediating Long-Range Coherence in Biological Systems

Authors: Richard L Amoroso
Comments: 17 Pages. Mind-body biophysics

This work updates Bioelectrochem Bioenerg 41:1 (1996) 39-42, The production of Frӧhlich and Bose-Einstein coherent states in in vitro paracrystalline oligomers using phase control laser interferometry. Delineating the framework for a fundamental model of long-range coherence in biological systems is said to rely on principles beyond parameters addressed by current physical science. Just as phenomena of quantum mechanics lay beyond tools of classical Newtonian mechanics we must now enter a 3rd regime of unified field, UF mechanics. In this paper we present a battery of nine empirical protocols for manipulating long-range coherence in complex self-organized living systems (SOLS) in a manner surmounting the Copenhagen Interpretation of quantum uncertainty (space-quantization) thereby allowing empirical access to underlying coherent biophysical principles driving self-organization. Interestingly, while the UF is not indicative of a 5th fundamental force in the usual phenomenal sense of quantal transfer during field interactions; it does however provide an inherent ‘force of coherence’ in an energyless ontological sense by a process called ‘topological switching’ of higher dimensional (HD) brane dynamics. It is this putative inherent property that produces long-range coherence and leads to the possibility of its direct experimental mediation.
Category: Physics of Biology

[49] viXra:1309.0006 [pdf] submitted on 2013-09-02 14:44:42

Free Flow of Sweat due to Loss of Surface Tension at Sweat Droplet Causes Water-Induced Skin Wrinkling

Authors: Soumya Marasakatla, Karunakar Marasakatla
Comments: 4 Pages.

Sweat from the body is regulated by the surface tension of a sweat droplet at the pores and the pressure within the sweat duct. A sweat droplet grows in size until its surface tension and the pressure within the sweat duct are in equilibrium. When a hand is immersed in water, sweat droplets easily merge within the water, causing the pressure to drop at the pores. This in turn makes the sweat to flow freely into the water in the absence of counteracting pressure. Sweat glands produce more sweat because of the low pressure within the duct. To prevent loss of water from the body and to maintain the homeostasis, the body reacts by restricting the blood flow to the hand causing vasoconstriction and eventual wrinkling of the skin.
Category: Physics of Biology

[48] viXra:1307.0160 [pdf] submitted on 2013-07-29 07:51:18

Spirituality Food for the Unification of Bio Energy with Cosmic Energy

Authors: Acharya Sennimalai Kalimuthu
Comments: 4 Pages. Come & experience

If one wants oneness with God, enlightenment and bliss in spiritual practices, then he/ she must carry out the daily practices mentioned in this work.
Category: Physics of Biology

[47] viXra:1307.0121 [pdf] submitted on 2013-07-24 03:22:53

On Bio-Cosmic Energy and Eyes Practice

Authors: Acharya Sennimalai Kalimuthu
Comments: 3 Pages. This is NOT, Not and NOT a fiction.This experiment is for Reality.

The Unmanifested Invisible Supreme Space is the ultimate reality. It is called Brahman in Hindu philosophy. When there is a slight movement / motion in that Brahman, sound begin to originate. This sound creates PHYSICAL spacetime. Then emerges the formation of material objects. The physical spacetime has meaning if and only if there is matter. So, in a sense matter is the prime source for the properties of physical spacetime. Then this invisible Supreme space gives energy for the formation of five fundamental boothas namely soil, water, fire, air and physical space. The combination of these five boothas is the cause for all kinds of life. So, in this universe each and everything is the manifestation of energy only. The lifetron which is spinning in both clock wise and anti clock wise at the center of the bore head between the two eye brows supplies energy to the human body. When the lifetron loses its energy, then natural death occurs. If we go on filling cosmic energy in the bio energy, we can prolong human life for ever, for ever. This is not only philosophy but also science. In this work, getting cosmic energy through eyes control has been introduced.
Category: Physics of Biology

[46] viXra:1307.0092 [pdf] submitted on 2013-07-18 11:56:01

Genetic Phase Angle Distance

Authors: Daniel K. Pratt
Comments: Final draft of undergraduate thesis in Biotechnology. Includes 8 pages of Wolfram Mathematica copy/paste code to replicate the experiment. contact daniel dot k dot pratt at gmail dot com

It is hypothesized that a mapping of the biochemical properties of genetic nucleotides into the three dimensional ℝ3 Clifford algebra will yield a novel and meaningful evolutionary distance measure. The nucleotides A,T,C,G are mapped according to three biochemical properties (amino/keto, purine/pyrimidine, weak/strong), resulting in four base-vectors. A weighted linear combination of the base-vectors as codon triplets results in a "Tetrahedral Genetic Code" (TGC), where all 64 codons map to 64 unique codon-vectors in the space. Phase distance θ is measured as the angle between sequentially neighboring codon-vectors, and a sequence of codons is measured as the total path length in radians of the vector as it traverses the TGC. Angular difference Δθ is computed as the absolute value of the difference in phase θ between sequences, at homologous loci. The Genetic Phase Angle Distance (GPAD) is computed as the Δθ mean. GPAD is computed on a sample sequence matrix for 11 different species and compared side by side to the Equal-input distance and phylogenetic tree computed on that same species matrix.
Category: Physics of Biology

[45] viXra:1307.0079 [pdf] submitted on 2013-07-17 07:27:29

On Lion's Tonic

Authors: Acharya Sennimalai Kalimuthu
Comments: 3 Pages. This is for Real

From the Holy Bible we have an interesting info. that Adam lived for nine hundred and thirty years , the days of Seth were nine hundred and twelve years, Enoch’s life time was nine hundred and five years, , all the days of Cainan were nine hundred and ten years, and Mahalalel lived for eight hundred and ninety five years, [Genesis,5:5, 5:8, 5:11, 5:14 and 5:17 ] In those period, there were no pollution. In those days, there were no chemicals and fertilizers for farming. The air was pure, the water was clean. The nature was in favor of good health. But, now a days the scene is entirely different. To live for hundreds of years without any disease, a new natural medicine has been introduced.
Category: Physics of Biology

[44] viXra:1307.0076 [pdf] submitted on 2013-07-17 04:41:35

On the Unification of Bio Energy with Cosmic Energy

Authors: Acharya Sennimalai Kalimuthu
Comments: 4 Pages. This is NOT, NOT and NOT a fiction .It is indeed a biocosmic phenomenon.Motivated and devoted people are always welcome to do R & D on this topic.

Maxell unified electricity and magnetism; Abdus Salam and Steven Weinberg unified electromagnetic force with nuclear weak interaction force; Einstein unified mass and energy with his formula E = mc2 , Einstein combined space and time. Presently physicists are facing great challenges on the unification of Einstein’s general relativity with quantum mechanics. The physical interpretation of energy energy states that energy is capacity to do work. The conservation law of energy expresses that energy can neither be created nor destroyed. One form of energy can be converter in to another form. In this work, the author attempts to unify bio-energy with cosmic- energy.
Category: Physics of Biology

[43] viXra:1305.0106 [pdf] submitted on 2013-05-17 15:26:17

The Production of FRÖHLICH and Bose-Einstein Coherent States in in Vitro Paracrystaline Oligomers Using Phase Control Laser Interferometry

Authors: Richard L. Amoroso
Comments: 5 Pages.

Biophysical aspects of Frohlich coherent states and Einstein-Bose Condensates on nanoscale brain structures such as the microtubule, synaptic grid, or ion channel have been considered relevant to information processing through quasiparticle scattering as a putative foundation for a quantum theory of consciousness. Although the body of theoretical evidence for Frohlich type events in biological systems has been growing for thirty years, the highly speculative nature of this model has hindered broad acceptance in the scientific community. In this paper, as a prelude to in vivo experimentation, a theoretical model is described for creating empirically measurable coherent states in vitro microtubule and DNA Oligomers using a system of modulated tuneable-laser interferometry in resonance with an applied Frohlich frequency to drive the collective dynamics of superradiance and self-induced transparency deemed essential for Frohlich and Bose-Einstein effects in biological systems. Empirical realization of this model would open the door to experimental study of the physical parameters of consciousness.
Category: Physics of Biology

[42] viXra:1305.0105 [pdf] submitted on 2013-05-17 15:48:14

The Physical Origin of Subtle Energies: The Principle Of Self-Organization Driving Living Systems

Authors: Richard L. Amoroso, Elizabeth A. Rauscher
Comments: 23 Pages.

It has long been known that “subtle Energy” pervades the cosmos and every interstice of all forms of living systems. Until now there has never been a pragmatic scientific model of these energies that lends itself to rigorous empirical investigation. A self-organized cosmological model, called the Holographic Anthropic Multiverse (HAM), has been developed wherein a teleological action naturally arises. This new complex self-organized action principle is synonymous with the unified field sought by physicists like Einstein; that in an anthropic multiverse ‘pervades all space, gives life, is the light of the mind and the force that frames the heavens’. This action principle has broad application to fields of medicine and psychology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[41] viXra:1305.0090 [pdf] submitted on 2013-05-15 10:31:35

Empirical Mediation of the Primary Mechanism Initiating Protein Conformation in Prion Propagation

Authors: Richard L. Amoroso, Min-Ying Jacob Chu
Comments: 23 Pages.

Transmissible prion based spongiform encephalopathies propagate by conformational change of the prion’s protein, PrP structure. An experimental design, relying on the utility of a new fundamental teleological action principle inherent in the topological geometry of a covariant polarized Dirac vacuum putatively driving self-organization in all autopoietic complex living systems, is developed to elucidate the fundamental nature of this conformational change. Further, PrP propagation is considered a mechanical action that can be described by ‘interactive computational modes’ of ‘topological switching’ driven by incursive oscillations occurring in the bioenergetics of the prions physical chemistry when improperly coupled to the long-range coherence of the noetic action. The experimental apparatus, a multi-level interferometer, is designed to focus this noetic field in a manner that simulates the mechanism driving PrP conformation to pathological form.
Category: Physics of Biology

[40] viXra:1305.0051 [pdf] submitted on 2013-05-08 20:05:19

On Some Problems in a Very Basic Hosting Model in Biophysics

Authors: P. Demchenko, T. Demchenko
Comments: Pages.

Abstract. - In many biological disciplines dealing with cell structures, kinetics of enzymes or thermal adaptation, water is often implicitly treated as a stage, where all important actions are performed, but with its only passive involvement. This is not declarative but de facto view and is for sure a result of a continued specialization. Nevertheless, when one plank of the stage is bent and dancers' heels often get stuck in this place, is it any wonder that the dance looks bizarre and at times enigmatic? The paper tries to explain some reasons for this enigma, some evidences of which are also given. The feature of water itself, one more abiotic factor is taken into consideration, providing a new explanation of many known facts. The paper examines the contribution of this water's characteristic to some details of enzymes kinetics and thermal adaptation.
Category: Physics of Biology

[39] viXra:1304.0170 [pdf] submitted on 2013-04-30 09:25:39

“Shut The Front Door!”: Obviating the Challenge of Large-Scale Extra Dimensions and Psychophysical Bridging

Authors: Richard L. Amoroso
Comments: 13 Pages.

Physics has been slowly and reluctantly beginning to address the role and fundamental basis of the ‘observer’ which has until now also been considered metaphysical and beyond the mandate empirical rigor. It is suggested that the fundamental premise of the currently dominant view of ‘Cognitive Theory’ - “Mind Equals Brain” is erroneous; and the associated belief that the ‘Planck scale, ‘the so-called basement level of reality’, as an appropriate arena from which to model psycho-physical bridging is also in error. In this paper we delineate a simple, inexpensive experimental design to ‘crack the so-called cosmic egg’ thereby opening the door to largescale extra dimensions (LSXD) tantamount to the regime of the unified field and thus awareness. The methodology surmounts the quantum uncertainty principle in a manner violating Quantum Electrodynamics, (QED), a cornerstone of modern theoretical physics, by spectrographic analysis of newly theorized Tight-Bound State (TBS) Bohr orbits in ‘continuous-state’ transition frequencies of atomic hydrogen. If one wonders why QED violation in the spectra of atomic hydrogen relates to solving the mind-body (observer) problem; consider this a 1st wrench in a forthcoming tool box of Unified Field Mechanics, UF that will soon enough in retrospect cause the current tools of Classical and Quantum Mechanics to appear as stone axes. Max Planck is credited as the founder of quantum mechanics with his 1900 quantum hypothesis that energy is radiated and absorbed discretely by the formulation, E = hv. Empirically implementing this next paradigm shift utilizing parameters of the long sought associated ‘new physics’ of the 3rd regime (classicalquantum-unified) allows access to LSXD of space; thus pragmatically opening the domain of mental action for the 1st time in history. This rendering constitutes a massive paradigm shift to Unified Field Theory creating a challenge for both the writer and the reader!
Category: Physics of Biology

[38] viXra:1304.0167 [pdf] submitted on 2013-04-30 10:04:33

The Fundamental Limit and Origin of Complexity in Biological Systems: A New Model for the Origin of Life

Authors: Richard L Amoroso, Paul J Amoroso
Comments: 17 Pages.

Generally unicellular prokaryotes are considered the most fundamental form of living system. Many researchers include viruses since they commandeer cellular machinery in their replication; while others insist viruses are merely complex infective proteins. New biological principles are introduced suggesting that even the prion, the infectious protein responsible for transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, qualifies as the most fundamental form of life; and remains in general concordance with the six-point definition of living systems put forth by Humberto Maturana and his colleagues in their original characterization of living organisms as a class of complex self-organized autopoietic systems in 1974.
Category: Physics of Biology

[37] viXra:1304.0166 [pdf] submitted on 2013-04-30 10:08:13

Elucidating the Trigger of Alzheimer's Disease: A Complex Anticipatory Systems Approach

Authors: Richard L Amoroso, Paul J Amoroso
Comments: 14 Pages.

Recent discovery of ADDL protein (Amyloid β-Derived Diffusible Ligand) allows the trigger mechanism causing Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) to be described by principles of complex systems theory. This entails a teleological cosmology with inherent self-organized / anticipatory parameters introducing a life principle (élan vital) providing the action driving self-organization in autopoietic living systems. Interaction between this Noetic Field (élan vital) and brain is defined in terms of a Hamiltonian-Lagrange operator called the Noetic Effect. If mind/body interactions mediating this Noetic Effect drive the system away from equilibrium catastrophes causing protein misfolds may trigger the onset of AD. The discovery of ADDL also promises an AD vaccine.
Category: Physics of Biology

[36] viXra:1304.0073 [pdf] submitted on 2013-04-16 14:19:09

Genetic Phase Angle Distance (GPAD)

Authors: Daniel K. Pratt
Comments: 9 Pages. This is a powerpoint presentation of research/thesis for B.S. Biotechnology. An essay is forthcoming. contact: daniel dot k dot pratt at gmail dot com

It is hypothesized that a mathematical mapping of the biochemical properties of genetic nucleotides into a three dimensional vector space will yield a novel and meaningful evolutionary distance measure. The nucleotides A,T,C,G are mapped into a complex vector space according to three biochemical properties: amino/keto, purine/pyrimidine, weak/strong. This mapping is represented in Mathematica. A weighted linear combination of these base-vector triplets results in a "Tetrahedral Genetic Code" (TGC), where all 64 codons map to 64 unique vector positions in the space. Phase distance θ is measured as the angle between sequentially neighboring codon vectors, and a sequence of codons can be measured as the total path length in radians of the vector as it traverses the TGC. Angular difference Δθ is computed as the absolute value of the difference in phase θ between sequences under investigation, at homologous (aligned) genetic loci. The Genetic Phase Angle Distance (GPAD) is computed as the normalized mean Δθ over the full aligned genetic sequences for any two species. The GPAD distance measure is computed on a sample sequence matrix for 11 different species and compared side by side to the Tamura 3-parameter distance computed on that same species matrix.
Category: Physics of Biology

[35] viXra:1211.0068 [pdf] submitted on 2012-11-13 02:07:02

Some Considerations Relating to the Dynamics of Quasicrystals

Authors: Matti Pitkanen
Comments: 8 Pages.

The dynamics of quasicrystals looks to me very interesting because it shares several features of the dynamics of K\"ahler action defining the basic variational principle of classical TGD and defining the dynamics of space-ti preferred extremals of Kähler action. Magnetic body carrying dark matter is the fundamental intentional agent in TGD inspired quantum biology and the cautious proposal is that magnetic flux sheets could define the grid of 3-planes (or more general 3-surfaces) defining quasi-periodic background fields favoring 4-D quasicrystals or more general structures in TGD Universe. Also 3-D quasicrystal like structures defined by grids of planes can be considered and 4-D quasicrystal structure could represent their time evolution. Quite recently it has been reported that grids consisting of 2-D curved orthogonal surfaces characterize the architecture of neural wiring so that this hypothesis might make sense. This structure would be analogous to 2-D quasicrystal and its time evolution to 3-D quasicrystal.
Category: Physics of Biology

[34] viXra:1211.0050 [pdf] submitted on 2012-11-09 17:26:04

Do Ion Channels Spin?

Authors: Robert S. Shaw
Comments: 16 Pages.

Ionic current flowing through a membrane pore with a helical architecture may impart considerable torque to the pore structure itself. If the channel protein is free to rotate, it will spin at significant speeds. Order of magnitude estimates of possible rotation rates are presented, as well as a few arguments why such motion could improve ion transport.
Category: Physics of Biology

[33] viXra:1208.0164 [pdf] submitted on 2012-08-19 05:05:45

Quantum Model for the Direct Currents of Becker

Authors: Matti Pitkanen
Comments: 25 Pages.

Robert Becker proposed on basis of his experimental work that living matter behaves as a semiconductor in a wide range of length scales ranging from brain scale to the scale of entire body. Direct currents flowing only in preferred direction would be essential for the functioning of living manner in this framework. One of the basic ideas of TGD inspired theory of living matter is that various currents, even ionic currents, are quantal currents. The first possibility is that they are Josephson currents associated with Josephson junctions but already this assumption more or less implies also quantal versions of direct currents. TGD inspired model for nerve pulse assumed that ionic currents through the cell membrane are probably Josephson currents. If this is the case, the situation is automatically stationary and dissipation is small as various anomalies suggest. One can criticize this assumption since the Compton length of ions for the ordinary value of Planck constant is so small that magnetic flux tubes carrying the current through the membrane look rather long in this length scale. Therefore either Planck constant should be rather large or one should have a non-ohmic quantum counterpart of a direct current in the case of ions and perhaps also protons in the case of neuronal membrane: electronic and perhaps also protonic currents could be still Josephson currents. This would conform with the low dissipation rate. In the following the results related to laser induced healing, acupuncture, and DC currents are discussed first. The obvious question is whether these direct currents are actually currents and whether they could be universal in living matter. A TGD inspired model for quantal direct currents is proposed and its possible implications for the model of nerve pulse are discussed.
Category: Physics of Biology

[32] viXra:1208.0163 [pdf] submitted on 2012-08-19 05:02:18

How to Build a Quantum Computer from Magnetic Flux Tubes?

Authors: Matti Pitkanen
Comments: 6 Pages.

Magnetic flux tubes play a key role in TGD inspired model of quantum biology. Could the networks of magnetic flux tubes containing dark particles with large \hbar in macroscopic quantum states and carrying beams of dark photons define analogs of electric circuits? This would be rather cheap technology since no metal would be needed for wires. Dark photon beams would propagate along the flux tubes representing the analogs of optical cables and make possible communications with maximal signal velocity. I have actually made much more radical proposal in TGD inspired quantum biology. According to this proposal, flux tube connections are dynamical and can be changed by reconnection of two magnetic flux tubes. The signal pathways A→ C and B→ D would be transformed to signal pathways to A→ D and B→ C by reconnection. Reconnection actually represents a basic stringy vertex. The contraction of magnetic flux tubes by a phase transition changing Planck constant could be fundamental in bio-catalysis since it would allow distant molecules connected by flux tubes to find each other in the molecular crowd. DNA as a topological quantum computer is the idea that I have been developing for 5 years or so. I have concentrated on the new physics realization of braids and devoted not much thought to how the quantum computer problems might run in this framework. I was surprised to realize how little I know about what happens in even ordinary computation. Instead of going immediately to Wikipedia I take the risk of publicly making myself fool and try to use my own brain.
Category: Physics of Biology

[31] viXra:1207.0113 [pdf] submitted on 2012-07-29 16:48:15

Human Rating Requirements for Mars Missions

Authors: Gary V Stephenson
Comments: 25 Pages. Related to a presentation to the Mars Society on 4Aug2012

Abstract. Human rating requirements are explored for space systems associated with the transport of a human crew for missions to and from Mars. Human rating certification requirements guidance is given by NPR 8705.2B and broadly speaking consists of three parts: part 1, comply with human rating certification processes; part 2, comply with human rating technical requirements; and part 3, prepare and maintain a Human Rating Certification Package (HRCP) that demonstrates compliance with the first two parts. The design challenges specific to a Missions to Mars (M2M) are described and include long endurance human habitation during interplanetary (IP) space travel, with higher than usual radiation exposure and lower than usual gravitation exposure, crew control requirements with expanded need for autonomous operations and control and operator situational awareness, and contingency operations for survivability. Due to the extreme physical isolation of the crew during missions to Mars there will be the need to trade lifeboat options with in situ survivability options in the case of contingency operations. These human rating challenges are placed in the context of the design development of mission equipment needed for a Mission to Mars. It is assumed that the M2M equipment suite can be divided into four distinct systems, all of which will require human rating: a launch and LEO operations vehicle, a transhab vehicle for IP travel, a Martian orbital operations vehicle, and a Martian surface habitat. A methodology for flowing human rating requirements to each of these systems is identified and outlined. Keywords: Human, Rating, Requirements, Certification, NASA, Standards. PACS: 96.30.Gc, 96.30.Hf, 96.55.+z, 91.62.Fc
Category: Physics of Biology

[30] viXra:1207.0004 [pdf] submitted on 2012-07-01 22:12:10

TGD View about Living Matter and Remote Mental Interactions

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 402 Pages.

The book is intended to be a concise summary about the applications of TGD in consciousness theory, living matter, and remote mental interactions. The book begins with a very concise summary about TGD in the hope that it might help the mathematically oriented reader to gain an overall view: the notion of many-sheeted space-time and topological field quantization are of special importance for understanding biology in TGD Universe.

Quantum jump identified as moment of consciousness, the notion of self reducing to that of quantum jump, Negentropy Maximization Principle (NMP), zero energy ontology (ZEO), and the new view about relationship between subjective and experienced time are essential pieces of the vision. The identification of p-adic physics as correlate for cognition, the view about life as something in the intersection of real and p-adic worlds -matter and cognition - , and the notion of number theoretic negentropy are central in biological applications.

Magnetic body carrying dark matter and forming an onion-like structure with layers characterized by large values of Planck constant is a key concept of TGD inspired biology. Magnetic body is identified as intentional agent using biological body as sensory receptor and motor instrument. The role of magnetic body in various biological functions, and the new view about metabolism and its relationship to the generation of negentropic entanglement are discussed.

The applications to neuroscience are touched. The general model for the sensory qualia and for generation of attention and qualia leads to a view resembling the Orch OR of Penrose and Hameroff. Models for nerve pulse generation and EEG - or rather a fractal hierarchy of XEGs generalizing it serving as a communication tool in commutations between biological body and magnetic body - are proposed.

The mechanisms making possible for the magnetic body to control and receive sensory information from biological body apply can be regarded as those for remote mental interactions. Therefore also remote mental interactions are briefly considered in the proposed conceptual framework. Also tests for the general vision are also considered.
Category: Physics of Biology

[29] viXra:1203.0046 [pdf] submitted on 2012-03-13 14:49:49

Darwinian Model of Evolution

Authors: Dalius Balciunas
Comments: 7 pages

The remarkable feature of life is its ability to self-reproduce. Self-replicating systems fit in naturally with Darwin's evolution scheme. However, I argue here that what Darwin thought was natural selection driven by the struggle for existence is indeed a manifestation of the zeroth law of thermodynamics. When this law is applied to competing self-replicating entities biological evolution appears to be a spontaneous process.
Category: Physics of Biology

[28] viXra:1202.0073 [pdf] submitted on 2012-02-22 16:02:19

Transmission of DNA Genetic Information into Water by means of Electromagnetic Fields of Extremely-low Frequencies

Authors: Fran De Aquino
Comments: 6 Pages.

Recently it was experimentally shown that the DNA genetic information can be transmitted into water when the DNA and the water are subjected jointly to an electromagnetic field with 7Hz frequency. As announced, the reported phenomenon could allow developing highly sensitive detection systems for chronic bacterial and viral infections. Here, it is shown a possible explanation for the phenomenon based on the recent framework of Quantum Gravity. It is shown that, if volume of water with a DNA molecule is placed near another volume of pure water, and the gravitational masses of the two water volumes are simultaneously reduced to values in the range + 0.159mi0 to  0.159mi0, by means of electromagnetic fields of extremely-low frequency (ELF), then the DNA genetic information are transmitted to pure water, imprinting onto it the structure of the DNA molecule. After several hours, as final result, a replication of the DNA can arise in the pure water.
Category: Physics of Biology

[27] viXra:1202.0017 [pdf] submitted on 2012-02-07 13:51:08

Bioelectromagnetic Phenomena Are Affected by Aggregates of Many Radio-Frequency Photons

Authors: Michael Peleg
Comments: 12 Pages. This is the full paper version of the presentation at the International Conference on Enviromental Indicators (ISEI 2011), 11 to 14 Sept. 2011 in Haifa , Israel

This paper addresses the argument stating that since the energy of a single Radio Frequency (RF) photon is extremely small it cannot influence matter significantly and therefore RF radiation cannot cause cancer. The argument is shown to be wrong since most known phenomena and uses of RF radiation involve many photons acting in unison. For example, in a particle accelerator, a multitude of RF photons act simultaneously on a single elementary charged particle. We show that his holds for particle physics, capacitors, fluorescent tubes, radio communications, RADAR and living tissues. These phenomena are best treated in most cases by considering RF radiation as a wave phenomenon. On the other hand the possibility of a single RF photon per molecule producing a biological effect also cannot be ruled out.
Category: Physics of Biology

[26] viXra:1201.0121 [pdf] submitted on 2012-01-31 00:13:05

TGD Based View about Classical Fields in Relation to Consciousness Theory and Quantum Biology

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 18 Pages.

In TGD Universe gauge fields are replaced with topological field quanta. Examples are topological light rays, magnetic/electric flux tubes and sheets, and flux quanta carrying both magnetic and electric fields. Flux quanta form a fractal hierarchy in the sense that there are flux quanta inside flux quanta. It is natural to assume quantization of Kähler magnetic flux. Braiding and reconnection are the basic topological operations for flux quanta. The basic question is how the basic notions assigned with the classical gauge and gravitational fields understood in standard sense generalize in TGD framework.

  1. Superposition and interference of the classical fields is very natural in Maxwell electrodynamics and certainly experimentally verified phenomena. Also the notion of hologram relies crucially on the notion of interference. How can one describe the effects explained in terms of superposition of fields in a situation in which the theory is extremely non-linear and all classical gauge fields are expressible in terms of CP_2 coordinates and their gradients? It is also rather clear that the preferred extremals for Kähler action decompose to space-time regions representing space-time correlates for quanta. The superposition of classical fields in Maxwellian sense is impossible. How can one cope with this situation? The answer is based on simple observation: only the {\it effects} of the classical fields superpose. There is no need for the fields to superpose. Together with the notion of many-sheeted space-time this leads to elegant description of interference effects without any need to assume that linearization is a good approximation.
  2. Topological quantization brings in also braiding and reconnection of magnetic flux tubes as basic operations for classical fields. These operations for flux tubes have also Maxwellian counterparts at the level of field lines. Braiding and reconnection are in a central role in TGD Universe and especially so in in TGD inspired theory of consciousness and quantum biology. The challenge is to build a coherent overall phenomenological view about the role of topologically quantized classical fields in biology and neuroscience. For instance, one can ask what is the precise formulation for the notion of conscious hologram and whether magnetic flux tubes could serve as correlates of entanglement (or at least negentropic entanglement suggested by the number theoretic vision and identified as a basic signature of living matter).
  3. Topological quantization and the notion of magnetic body are especially important in TGD inspired model of EEG. The attempt to understand the findings of Persinger from the study of what is known as God helmet leads to a considerable progress in the understanding the possible role of topologically quantized classical fields in biology and neuro-science.

Category: Physics of Biology

[25] viXra:1112.0057 [pdf] submitted on 2011-12-19 14:12:51

Surmounting the Cartesian Cut: Klein Bottle Logophysics, the Dirac Algebra and the Genetic Code

Authors: Diego Lucio Rapoport
Comments: 22 Pages.

We reintroduce the Klein Bottle (KB) logophysics at the foundations of the unification of quantum geometry, cell biology, embryology and evolution, to extend it to the genetic code and allosteric recognition. We find that the genetic code has three possible fractal topologies: two different families of KBs embedded in HyperKBs, or still a 2-torus, depending which pair of three subalphabets for the genetic “letters” is chosen; this does not require the double helix. We complete the genetic codification of embryological differentiation introduced in an accompanying article. We discuss the Hadamard-KB representation of this codification and discuss its robustness and that of embryological development with respect to environmental noise. We discuss this KB codification of the 64 codons with its isomorphic representation in terms of the Dirac Algebra (DA) of Quantum Mechanics, in the Nilpotent Universal Computational Rewrite System (NUCRS), a self-referential syntax that generates much of mathematics and the fundamental symmetries of physics. We show that the double helix can be obtained from the duplication of the KB associated with the bistable perception of the tetrahedron representation of the four genetic letters. The DA and its double tetrahedron codification in NUCRS is found to be associated with a pair of superposed KBs, yielding the double 3D (space and momentum) space of physics, and the double helix of DNA, which thus appears related to a pair of KBs, being the case that only one is necessary to construct the genome. We show that the depth-time variable of visual perception materializes as space Thus, the DA is derivable from two KBs, and the purported dualism of physics as presented in NUCRS, is rendered to be based in the non-dualistic KBL. We discuss the relations with a theory of evolutions, and between biological periodicities and the KB of the Mendeleev table (Boeyens). We present relations between metacognition and the HyperKlein Bottle, and evolution in terms of time waves defining in toto the different structures. We present rudiments of the ontoepistemology of the Hyper KB Logic, its relations with the anthropic principles and the universal physical constants, which are found to be contextual.
Category: Physics of Biology

[24] viXra:1112.0056 [pdf] submitted on 2011-12-19 14:15:38

On the Fusion of Physics and Klein Bottle Logic in Biology, Embryogenesis and Evolution

Authors: Diego Lucio Rapoport
Comments: 20 Pages.

We introduce a new paradigm for embryological differentiation with its relations to the genome and evolution, in terms of the fusion of logic and physics: logophysics (LGP), associated to the ontology and epistemology of the Klein Bottle (KB). We introduce LGP through the subversion of the fixed dualistic categories of exterior and interior, basis for much of science, in terms of the eversion: turning inside-out of the two dimensional elastic sphere (ovum), which is the actual case. We propose bauplans unfolding from a 6d space in which time waves manifest through torsion fields in real space and in which the eversion is mediated by KBs. We present the torsion geometry, quantum and elastodynamical, of self-referential biology. We apply this to the problem of the physics of embryological differentiation in terms of quantum torsion-elastodynamics waves and the light tensegrity of the cell. We associate it with a topological transformation which extends the proposal by Maxwell and Poynting, founders of electromagnetics, for the interaction of the inanimate and animate worlds. We present a new conception of the world in terms of time waves and the KB, that appears in the natural number system, in cosmology, in vision recognition, in the topographic map of the sensorium, in the periodic table of elements, the genome, etc. We surmount the ancient problem of what life is, providing a LGP basis for both the inanimate and animate realms.
Category: Physics of Biology

Replacements of recent Submissions

[67] viXra:1608.0071 [pdf] replaced on 2016-08-10 05:17:53

"Patch" for DNA

Authors: Mark M. Grinshtein
Comments: 5 Pages.

The article reviewed a technique of diagnosing and treating gene viral diseases by way of identification and subsequent recovery (repair) of abnormal chromosomes.
Category: Physics of Biology

[66] viXra:1603.0230 [pdf] replaced on 2016-03-18 00:19:19

A Few Comments on Montagnier and Gariaev’s Work: Omne Vivum ex Vivo Via Crebritudo?

Authors: Victor Christianto, Yunita Umniyati
Comments: 6 Pages. This paper has been submitted to DNA Decipher Journal. Your comments are welcome

In a series of papers, Luc Montagnier and his group reported various effects of electromagnetic fields to DNA. It has been shown that genetic information can be transmitted to water through applications of electromagnetic field. These experiments seem to confirm what have been done by Peter Gariaev and his group in the past 3 decades, i.e. that DNA has wave character. Of course, non-particle view of DNA challenges standard paradigm of DNA and biology. The purpose of this paper is to review shortly such a non-particle view of DNA. To conclude, then we consider an extension of known adage: “Omne vivum ex vivo”, to become “Omne vivum ex vivo via crebritudo” (crebritudo is the Latin word for “frequency”).
Category: Physics of Biology

[65] viXra:1603.0195 [pdf] replaced on 2016-06-23 03:00:37

Relation of Physiological Variables and Health

Authors: Feng Lin
Comments: 16 Pages. mathematical and system science method is used to study biological system

Based on the non-equilibrium thermodynamics point of view that a biological system is sustained by a local potential provided by stable entropy production, we construct a mathematical model to describe the metabolism of human body system. According to the stable and periodic property of human body system, the embryonic form of the model is constructed by dimensional analysis. Based on the mathematical model, stability analysis is used to discuss the response to perturbation which corresponds to the influence on human health. With the help of physiology and medical science, the parameters in the model are determined by empirical formulas in physiology. The correspondence of parameters and the observable variables such as body temperature, body weight, heart rate etc is found out. As an example, an interesting result obtained from our model is that overweight adults, even though healthy in the medical examination reports, faces the risk of being sick, because overweight decreases the metabolic frequency, however, it drives the human body system "farther" from equilibrium (death). This result shows that the body weight of over weighted ones will gradually increase rather than staying at a stable interval. Our method provides a new approach of predicting human health according to the observable vital signs.
Category: Physics of Biology

[64] viXra:1602.0132 [pdf] replaced on 2016-02-14 19:16:28

The Truth About Evolution

Authors: Jonathan Tooker
Comments: 13 Pages. 3 figures, 2 tables, less typos

The purpose of this report is to debunk Darwin's theory of evolution and any variant theory that relies on the natural rate of mutation to explain the origin of new genes. We construct a model of DNA and show that the minimum rate of mutation needed to produce humans within the geological age of the Earth is too high. It is much higher than any realistic model of random mutations. The calculation presented here should end the evolution debate, at least in its Darwinian limit. Other problems with evolution are discussed.
Category: Physics of Biology

[63] viXra:1601.0163 [pdf] replaced on 2016-07-30 07:07:12

The Origin of Life

Authors: PV Raktoe
Comments: 3 Pages.

The origin of life is a mystery, and we will always wonder if we are alone in the universe. We can see the universe beyond our solar system but we will never reach the nearest star, so we will probably never see an alien life form. But if we want to know if there is life out there, we need to find the origin of life. I believe that the origin of life can be found everywhere, because I know what the universe is. The universe has the same structure and properties as something on Earth, the universe is like a sub-atomic ocean because it’s also filled with sub-atomic particles, sub-atomic whirlpools and turbulent sub-atomic streams. I explained why in my Vixra paper 1508.0191, that paper describes the origin of gravity. Gravity tells us something about the properties of sub-atomic particles, it tells us what they need to do. It tells us that those sub-atomic particles are there for a reason, they are there to maintain the universe and everything in it. Gravity is a side effect of a continuous absorption stream of sub-atomic particles (ether) towards matter, those sub-atomic particles are continuously absorbed by matter and that continuous absorption process is time (Vixra paper 1607.0495). And it might sound strange but it's true, that continuous absorption process tells us something about the origin of life. It tells us that the origin of life can be found everywhere, as long as the conditions are right.
Category: Physics of Biology

[62] viXra:1601.0163 [pdf] replaced on 2016-06-21 18:45:45

The Origin of Life

Authors: PV Raktoe
Comments: 3 Pages.

The origin of life remains a mystery, and we will always wonder if we are alone in the universe. We can see the universe beyond our solar system but we will never reach the nearest star, so we will probably never see an alien life form. But if we want to know if there is life out there, we need to find the origin of life. I think the origin of life can be found everywhere, because I know what the universe is. The universe has the same structure and properties as something on Earth, the universe is like a sub-atomic ocean and therefore it’s also filled with sub-atomic particles, sub-atomic whirlpools and turbulent sub-atomic streams. I explained why in my Vixra paper 1508.0191, that paper describes the origin of gravity. Gravity tells us something about the properties of sub-atomic particles, it tells us what they need to do. It tells us that those sub-atomic particles are there for a reason, they are there to maintain the universe and everything in it. Gravity is a side effect of a continuous absorption stream of sub-atomic particles (eather) towards matter, those sub-atomic particles are continuously absorbed by matter. And it might sound strange but it's true, that tells us something about the origin of life. It tells us that the origin of life can be found everywhere, as long as the conditions are right.
Category: Physics of Biology

[61] viXra:1601.0163 [pdf] replaced on 2016-01-17 15:33:40

The Origin of Life

Authors: PV Raktoe
Comments: 3 Pages.

The origin of life remains a mystery and mankind will always wonder if we are alone in the universe. We can see the universe beyond our solar system but we will never reach the nearest star, so we will never see an alien life form. If we want to know if there is life out there, we need to find the origin of life. I think the origin of life can be found everywhere, because I know what the universe is. The universe has the same structure and properties as something on Earth, the universe is like a quantum ocean and therefore it’s also filled with quantum particles, quantum whirlpools and turbulent quantum streams. I explained why in my Vixra paper 1508.0191, that paper describes the origin of gravity. Gravity tells us something about the different kinds of quantum particles, but more important, it tells us something about their properties. It tells us that those quantum particles are there for a reason, they are there to maintain the universe and everything in it. And it might sound strange, but that also tells us something about the origin of life. It tells us that the origin of life can be found everywhere, as long as the conditions are right.
Category: Physics of Biology

[60] viXra:1501.0002 [pdf] replaced on 2015-03-04 23:37:17

Telecommunications and Decussation (Non-Evolutionary Explanation of Nerve-Fibre Crossing)

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 4 Pages.

This is just a couple of short pages seeking an answer to a problem I’ve wondered about for years and years - Why do nerve fibres cross from one side to the other so that the hemispheres of the brain control the opposite halves of the body? I never felt satisfied by the conventional evolutionary explanations. A recent experience allowed me to frame another explanation – from the world of telecommunications. Highlights for Telecommunications and Decussation •Evolution explains adaptation but explaining origin by it is wild extrapolation. •According to Einstein and modern physics, space-time is curved and warped. •Such warping might allow future science to reach into the remote past. •This makes origin possible via human science, not evolution or supernatural means.
Category: Physics of Biology

[59] viXra:1411.0115 [pdf] replaced on 2014-11-24 17:29:27

Lognormal Distribution of Firing Time and Rate from a Single Neuron?

Authors: Eszter A. Kish, Claes-Goran Granqvist, Andras Der, Laszlo B. Kish
Comments: 6 Pages. submitted for pubication

Even a single neuron may be able to produce significant lognormal features in its firing statistics due to noise in the charging ion current. A mathematical scheme introduced in advanced nanotechnology is relevant for the analysis of this mechanism in the simplest case, the integrate-and-fire model with white noise in the charging ion current.
Category: Physics of Biology

[58] viXra:1410.0167 [pdf] replaced on 2014-10-29 00:27:10

A Review of Soliton Solution of Sine-Gordon Model of DNA

Authors: Victor Christianto, Yunita Umniyati
Comments: 4 Pages. This paper has not been submitted yet to any journal. Comments and suggestions are welcome

There are many models of DNA, both the linear ones and the nonlinear ones. One interesting model in this regard is the sine-Gordon model of DNA as proposed by Salerno. It belongs to nonlinear model of DNA which is close to realistic model. Here we discuss a graphical plot of soliton solution of such a sine-Gordon model of DNA.
Category: Physics of Biology

[57] viXra:1404.0025 [pdf] replaced on 2014-04-14 09:09:47

The Underlying Neurobiology Mechanism of Acupuncture and Moxibustion

Authors: Wan-Chung Hu
Comments: 11 Pages.

Acupuncture and moxibustion are two most important managements of traditional Chinese medicine. However, their precise scientific mechanism is still unknown. Acupuncture is usually practiced on arms with three Ying and three Yang pathways and on legs with three Ying and three Yang pathways. The Ying and Yang pathways are actually co-related with the dermatome distribution on arms and legs. The analgesic effect of acupuncture is to sharply stimulate limbs to inhibit the referred pain area in the inner organs. For examples, the inner arm Ying path: 心包經 is actually the T1 dermatome distribution. Thus, 心包經 acupuncture can control the pain in chest including lung, heart, and esophagus. The other important concept of acupuncture mechanism is it can stimulate POMC production. The neuro-endocrine POMC can generate ACTH and endorphin. ACTH will then up-regulate corticosteroid production. Thus, acupuncture also has anti-inflammatory effects such as curing allergic rhinitis. Endorphin activation can also reduce pain and produce euphoria-like feeling. Acupuncture is mediated by sharp pain via A delta fibers. A delta fiber, stimulating sympathetic acute stress response including epinephrine and norepinephrine, can compete the accompanying slow pain/inflammation transmitting c fiber. Thus, acupuncture can suppress pain and inflammation via gate-control like mechanism. Moxibustion plays the opposite role. Moxibustion produces heat sensation which transmits via c fiber. Thus, it will facilitate the host inflammatory/immune response against pathogen infection. Thus, 黃帝內經云針所不宜灸之所治. Another important mechanism for acupuncture is nerve plasticity. In stroke patients, acupuncture stimulates paralyzed limb nerve re-generation and synapse re-formation. This nerve plasticity is the same as the principle of physical rehabilitation. It is worth nothing ear acupuncture mechanism. Vagus nerve distributes in the ear chlorea. Thus, ear acupuncture can also compete the inner organ pain sensation via vagus nerve inhibition as we view ear as another dermatome of inner organ.
Category: Physics of Biology

[56] viXra:1402.0074 [pdf] replaced on 2014-02-22 06:59:22

Cyclic Thermal Energy Harvesting By Organisms

Authors: Colin Bruce Jack
Comments: 11 Pages.

In principle, many animals could obtain significant metabolic energy direct from their environment, additional to that from food.
Photosynthesis requires a large area of modified skin and imposes behavioural constraints: few animals are photosynthetic.
An alternative is to use the Carnot cycle, exploiting temperature differences. The maximum efficiency with which work can be extracted is ~ΔT/T, where terrestrially T~300 K: comparable to photosynthesis. For a cold blooded animal which moves frequently between environments at significantly different temperatures, this energy harvest could be substantial: its entire body can act as a thermal reservoir. The energy harvesting machinery might however be hard to spot, much as ‘brown fat’ in human adults was overlooked until recently. It could be based on any temperature-sensitive chemical equilibrium.
In the temperate and tropical oceans, animals could gain Carnot cycle energy very easily as they swim up and down through the thermocline during diel vertical migration. In so doing, they would transfer significant heat from near-surface waters to the mid-depths. Such behavior would be increasingly favored as surface waters become warmer, as has recently occurred. This could conceivably have contributed to the recent ‘pause’ in the anthropogenic greenhouse effect.
At the origin of life, diurnal thermal harvesting by non-motile organisms could evolve far more easily than photosynthesis, and might have preceded both photosynthesis and the use of external chemical energy.
Category: Physics of Biology

[55] viXra:1402.0074 [pdf] replaced on 2014-02-10 17:27:19

Cyclic Thermal Energy Harvesting By Organisms

Authors: Colin Bruce Jack
Comments: 10 Pages.

Photosynthesis requires complex chemical machinery, and converts only a few percent of incident sunlight energy to useful work. Few animals are photosynthetic. A possible alternative is to use the Carnot cycle, exploiting temperature differences. The maximum efficiency with which work can be extracted is then ~ΔT/T, where terrestrially T~300 K.
For a cold blooded animal which moves frequently between environments at significantly different temperatures, this energy can be substantial: its entire body can act as a thermal reservoir. The energy harvesting machinery might be hard to spot, much as ‘brown fat’ in human adults was overlooked until recently. It could be based on any temperature-sensitive chemical equilibrium, for example one that interacts with ATP formation.
In the temperate and tropical oceans, animals could harvest such energy very easily, by swimming repeatedly up and down through the thermocline. In so doing, they would transfer significant heat from near-surface waters to the mid-depths. Such behavior would be increasingly favored as surface waters become warmer, as has recently occurred. This could conceivably explain the recent ‘pause’ in the anthropogenic greenhouse effect.
At the origin of life, diurnal thermal harvesting by non-motile organisms could evolve far more easily than photosynthesis, and might have preceded both photosynthesis and the use of external chemical energy.
Category: Physics of Biology

[54] viXra:1310.0170 [pdf] replaced on 2014-01-23 20:58:16

New Physics Suggests DARWIN’S Origin of Species is Incomplete, and that Godlike Humanity Will Emerge

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 9 Pages. Shortened and revised for entry into the 2014 contest at www.fqxi.org

The world is at a crossroad today. There is so much we have no understanding of – dark energy, the hypothetical form of energy that permeates all of space and tends to accelerate the expansion of the universe, is perhaps the best known example. If humanity is going to steer the future, we need to remove ourselves from the darkness we’re immersed in and discover the light. I believe this light will reveal what dark energy is, where it comes from, and how it originated. Further, the light could give us a new perspective on where WE came from, how the human race was born, and the role of present humankind in the grand scheme of not only our own, but the universe’s, origin and destiny. The basic outline for a different perspective on the Theory of Evolution has been described in this article. When contemplating the theory of evolution, people assume evolution belongs exclusively to the biological sciences. I maintain complete comprehension also requires physics. Without a conviction that time travel is possible, I’d have to totally agree with the evolutionary concepts Darwin proposed. But since I have no doubt that time doesn’t exclusively operate in a straight line (my reasons are explained below), I can propose a different origin of species – though all the species subsequently undergo adaptations throughout the centuries. In 1870, Wallace (one of Darwin’s major “disciples” and the man who is often reported to have independently reached the same conclusions about evolution that Darwin did) suddenly converted to spiritualism. “Darwin’s Armada” (26) states – “Wallace surmised … that man must have been programmed for civilisation by some higher intelligence.” (27) Assuming Wallace’s “higher intelligence” happens because, as this article puts it near the end, “eternal God and humanity of the far future are not separate in any sense but are the same thing”, I wonder what Wallace (as well as Darwin and his other disciples) would think of this article if they were on Earth today. This article consists of 3 parts - NON-DARWINIAN ORIGINS OUTLINED, CONVERTING FANTASY AND SCIENCE FICTION INTO COSMOLOGY AND SCIENCE, and SPECULATIONS CONCERNING FUTURE HUMAN EVOLUTION (the speculation is backed up with science and references).
Category: Physics of Biology

[53] viXra:1310.0170 [pdf] replaced on 2013-12-26 01:49:05

New Physics Suggests DARWIN’S Origin of Species is Incomplete, and that Godlike Humanity Will Emerge

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 31 Pages.

The basic outline for a different perspective on the Theory of Evolution has been described in this article. It includes many elements that the average person might call nonsense, fantasy or science fiction. I don’t want this hypothesis to be tossed in the nearest rubbish bin, so I’ll explain each element in Part 2 which proposes that the origin of life, and its evolutionary adaptations, cannot be comprehended through biology alone. Comprehension also requires physics. When contemplating the theory of evolution, people almost universally start with an error. They assume evolution belongs exclusively to the biological sciences. Upon reading the previous sentence, some people will compound that error by assuming evolution will not be addressed in terms of science by this article – but perhaps in terms of religion. To quote from the webpage offering the "$25,000 Cosmology Prize in Evolutionary Theory" (http://cosmology.com/), "Darwin evokes or praises and makes reference to the powers of "God" and the "Creator" eleven times in his famous book and repeatedly attributes natural selection to a living "spirit" and to benevolent quasi-supernatural "powers" which keep watch over the works of the "Creator," and which actively strives for the "good" and fights against the "bad;" and this may come as a surprise to those who never read his book, but it is not surprising given that Darwin trained to be a minister of religion." Darwin’s religious references were probably an attempt to appease the beliefs of the place and time he lived in. As Iain McCalman writes on pp. 361-362 of “Darwin’s Armada” (Simon and Schuster, 2009), “It was wholly unnecessary, (Darwin) said, to introduce a higher intelligence to explain man’s development; the incremental gradations of evolutionary complexity from primate to human over eons were enough to account for consciousness …” Reading Professor McCalman’s book filled me with admiration for Charles Darwin and his principle “disciples” – Joseph Hooker, Thomas Huxley, and the man who is often reported to have independently reached the same conclusions about evolution that Darwin did: Alfred Russel Wallace. Without a conviction that time travel is possible, I’d have to totally agree with the evolutionary concepts they proposed. But since I have no doubt that time doesn’t exclusively operate in a straight line (my reasons are explained below), I can propose a different origin of species – though all the species subsequently undergo adaptations throughout the centuries. In 1870, Alfred Wallace suddenly converted to spiritualism. Page 361 of “Darwin’s Armada” states – “Using the Darwinian dictum that naturally selected change must be immediately beneficial to the species involved, Wallace argued that it could not therefore have produced the large brain of primitive man, whose prime needs were for strength, swiftness and cunning. The massive early brain of humans only began to fulfil its potential use much later, when social organisation generated the need for sophisticated abstraction, aesthetic appreciation and moral behaviour. Wallace surmised, therefore, that man must have been programmed for civilisation by some higher intelligence.” (see Wallace’s “The Limits of Natural Selection as applied to Man”, Contributions to the Theory, p.359) Assuming Wallace’s “higher intelligence” happens because, as this article puts it near the end, “eternal God and humanity of the far future are not separate in any sense but are the same thing”, I wonder what Alfred Wallace (as well as Darwin and his other disciples) would think of this article if they were on Earth today. This article consists of 3 parts - NON-DARWINIAN ORIGINS OUTLINED, CONVERTING FANTASY AND SCIENCE FICTION INTO COSMOLOGY AND SCIENCE, and SPECULATIONS CONCERNING FUTURE HUMAN EVOLUTION (the speculation is backed up with science and references).
Category: Physics of Biology

[52] viXra:1310.0170 [pdf] replaced on 2013-12-06 18:23:11

New Physics Suggests DARWIN’S Origin of Species is Incomplete, and that Godlike Humanity Will Emerge

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 32 Pages.

The basic outline for a different perspective on the Theory of Evolution has been described in this article. It includes many elements that the average person might call nonsense, fantasy or science fiction. I don’t want this hypothesis to be tossed in the nearest rubbish bin, so I’ll explain each element in Part 2 which proposes that the origin of life, and its evolutionary adaptations, cannot be comprehended through biology alone. Comprehension also requires physics. When contemplating the theory of evolution, people almost universally start with an error. They assume evolution belongs exclusively to the biological sciences. Upon reading the previous sentence, some people will compound that error by assuming evolution will not be addressed in terms of science by this article – but perhaps in terms of religion. To quote from the webpage offering the "$25,000 Cosmology Prize in Evolutionary Theory" (http://cosmology.com/), "Darwin evokes or praises and makes reference to the powers of "God" and the "Creator" eleven times in his famous book and repeatedly attributes natural selection to a living "spirit" and to benevolent quasi-supernatural "powers" which keep watch over the works of the "Creator," and which actively strives for the "good" and fights against the "bad;" and this may come as a surprise to those who never read his book, but it is not surprising given that Darwin trained to be a minister of religion." Darwin’s religious references were probably an attempt to appease the beliefs of the place and time he lived in. As Iain McCalman writes on pp. 361-362 of “Darwin’s Armada” (Simon and Schuster, 2009), “It was wholly unnecessary, (Darwin) said, to introduce a higher intelligence to explain man’s development; the incremental gradations of evolutionary complexity from primate to human over eons were enough to account for consciousness …” Reading Professor McCalman’s book filled me with admiration for Charles Darwin and his principle “disciples” – Joseph Hooker, Thomas Huxley, and the man who is often reported to have independently reached the same conclusions about evolution that Darwin did: Alfred Russel Wallace. Without a conviction that time travel is possible, I’d have to totally agree with the evolutionary concepts they proposed. But since I have no doubt that time doesn’t exclusively operate in a straight line (my reasons are explained below), I can propose a different origin of species – though all the species subsequently undergo adaptations throughout the centuries. In 1870, Alfred Wallace suddenly converted to spiritualism. Page 361 of “Darwin’s Armada” states – “Using the Darwinian dictum that naturally selected change must be immediately beneficial to the species involved, Wallace argued that it could not therefore have produced the large brain of primitive man, whose prime needs were for strength, swiftness and cunning. The massive early brain of humans only began to fulfil its potential use much later, when social organisation generated the need for sophisticated abstraction, aesthetic appreciation and moral behaviour. Wallace surmised, therefore, that man must have been programmed for civilisation by some higher intelligence.” (see Wallace’s “The Limits of Natural Selection as applied to Man”, Contributions to the Theory, p.359) Assuming Wallace’s “higher intelligence” happens because, as this article puts it near the end, “eternal God and humanity of the far future are not separate in any sense but are the same thing”, I wonder what Alfred Wallace (as well as Darwin and his other disciples) would think of this article if they were on Earth today. This article consists of 3 parts - NON-DARWINIAN ORIGINS OUTLINED, CONVERTING FANTASY AND SCIENCE FICTION INTO COSMOLOGY AND SCIENCE, and SPECULATIONS CONCERNING FUTURE HUMAN EVOLUTION (the speculation is backed up with science and references).
Category: Physics of Biology

[51] viXra:1309.0006 [pdf] replaced on 2013-12-09 11:09:45

Free Flow of Sweat Due to Loss of Surface Tension at Sweat Droplets Causes Water-Induced Skin Wrinkling

Authors: Soumya Marasakatla, Karunakar Marasakatla
Comments: 7 Pages.

Water immersion skin wrinkling has long been used as a test for sympathetic nerve function. However, the cause of underlying mechanism remained elusive. In this article, we theoretically investigate a possible cause of the phenomenon by taking into consideration various properties of sweating. The pressure exerted by the surface tension of sweat droplets counterbalances the secretory pressure of sweat glands at the pore. When a hand is immersed in water, sweat droplets easily merge with the water, causing the pressure to drop at the pore. Our calculations, using earlier measurements of secretory pressure, show that the water pressure at the sweat pore will be less than the secretory pressure of sweat glands when the hand is immersed at a shallow depth. The resulting pressure imbalance enables the sweat to flow freely into the water. We believe that there will be an initial vasodilation to feed the excess generation of sweat. Sweat flow continues as long as there is blood flow to the hand. To prevent excessive loss of sweat from the body and to maintain homeostasis, sympathetic nerves trigger vasoconstriction to reduce the blood flow to the hand. The overlying skin wrinkles due to loss of volume under the skin. It is possible that denerved fingers remain in the vasodilation state during immersion due to a lack of sympathetic nerve function.
Category: Physics of Biology

[50] viXra:1309.0006 [pdf] replaced on 2013-10-29 23:51:40

Free Flow of Sweat Due to Loss of Surface Tension at Sweat Droplet Causes Water-Induced Skin Wrinkling

Authors: Soumya Marasakatla, Karunakar Marasakatla
Comments: 7 Pages.

Water immersion skin wrinkling appears to be the result of breaking the balance between secretory pressure of sweat glands and the pressure exerted by the surface tension of sweat droplet at the pore. When a hand is immersed in water, sweat droplet easily merge within the water causing pressure to drop at the pore. The resulted imbalance in pressure enables the sweat to flow freely into the water. Flow of sweat continues as long as there is a blood flow to hand. To prevent the loss of sweat from the body and to maintain homeostasis, sympathetic nerves trigger the reduction of blood flow to hand causing vasoconstriction. The overlying skin wrinkles due to loss of volume under the skin.
Category: Physics of Biology

[49] viXra:1309.0006 [pdf] replaced on 2013-09-17 10:14:03

Free Flow of Sweat due to Loss of Surface Tension at Sweat Droplet Causes Water-Induced Skin Wrinkling

Authors: Soumya Marasakatla, Karunakar Marasakatla
Comments: 3 Pages.

Water immersion skin wrinkling appears to be a result of breaking the balance between the pressure within sweat duct and the pressure exerted by the surface tension of sweat droplet at the pore. When a hand is immersed in water, sweat droplets easily merge within the water causing pressure to drop at the pores. The resulted imbalance in pressure makes the sweat within the duct to flow freely into the water. To prevent loss of water from the body and to maintain homeostasis, the body reacts by restricting blood flow to hand causing vasoconstriction and eventual wrinkling of skin.
Category: Physics of Biology

[48] viXra:1309.0006 [pdf] replaced on 2013-09-03 11:02:19

Free Flow of Sweat due to Loss of Surface Tension at Sweat Droplet Causes Water-Induced Skin Wrinkling

Authors: Soumya Marasakatla, Karunakar Marasakatla
Comments: 4 Pages.

Sweat from the body is regulated by the surface tension of a sweat droplet at the pores and the pressure within the sweat duct. A sweat droplet grows in size until its surface tension and the pressure within the sweat duct are in equilibrium. When a hand is immersed in water, sweat droplets easily merge within the water, causing the pressure to drop at the pores. This in turn makes the sweat to flow freely into the water in the absence of counteracting pressure. Sweat glands produce more sweat because of the low pressure within the duct. To prevent loss of water from the body and to maintain the homeostasis, the body reacts by restricting the blood flow to the hand causing vasoconstriction and eventual wrinkling of the skin.
Category: Physics of Biology

[47] viXra:1207.0113 [pdf] replaced on 2012-08-07 00:28:37

Human Rating Requirements for Mars Missions

Authors: Gary V Stephenson
Comments: 25 Pages. As presented revision

Abstract. Human rating requirements are explored for space systems associated with the transport of a human crew for missions to and from Mars. Human rating certification requirements guidance is given by NPR 8705.2B and broadly speaking consists of four steps: step 1, comply with human rating certification processes; step 2, develop and comply with a reference mission; step 3, comply with human rating technical requirements; and step 4, prepare and maintain a Human Rating Certification Package (HRCP) that demonstrates compliance with the first three steps. The design challenges specific to a Missions to Mars (M2M) are described and include long endurance human habitation during interplanetary (IP) space travel, with higher than usual radiation exposure and lower than usual gravitation exposure, crew control requirements with expanded need for autonomous operations and control and operator situational awareness, and contingency operations for survivability. Due to the extreme physical isolation of the crew during missions to Mars there will be the need to trade lifeboat options with in situ survivability options in the case of contingency operations. These human rating challenges are placed in the context of the design development of mission equipment needed for a Mission to Mars. It is assumed that the M2M equipment suite can be divided into four distinct systems, all of which will require human rating: a launch and LEO operations vehicle, a transhab vehicle for IP travel, a Martian orbital operations vehicle, and a Martian surface habitat. A methodology for flowing human rating requirements to each of these systems is identified and outlined. Keywords: Human, Rating, Requirements, Certification, NASA, Standards. PACS: 96.30.Gc, 96.30.Hf, 96.55.+z, 91.62.Fc
Category: Physics of Biology

[46] viXra:1207.0113 [pdf] replaced on 2012-07-30 15:11:13

Human Rating Requirements for Mars Missions

Authors: Gary V. Stephenson
Comments: 25 Pages. Presented to the Mars Society, August 4th, 2012.

Abstract. Human rating requirements are explored for space systems associated with the transport of a human crew for missions to and from Mars. Human rating certification requirements guidance is given by NPR 8705.2B and broadly speaking consists of four steps: step 1, comply with human rating certification processes; step 2, develop and comply with a reference mission; step 3, comply with human rating technical requirements; and step 4, prepare and maintain a Human Rating Certification Package (HRCP) that demonstrates compliance with the first three steps. The design challenges specific to a Missions to Mars (M2M) are described and include long endurance human habitation during interplanetary (IP) space travel, with higher than usual radiation exposure and lower than usual gravitation exposure, crew control requirements with expanded need for autonomous operations and control and operator situational awareness, and contingency operations for survivability. Due to the extreme physical isolation of the crew during missions to Mars there will be the need to trade lifeboat options with in situ survivability options in the case of contingency operations. These human rating challenges are placed in the context of the design development of mission equipment needed for a Mission to Mars. It is assumed that the M2M equipment suite can be divided into four distinct systems, all of which will require human rating: a launch and LEO operations vehicle, a transhab vehicle for IP travel, a Martian orbital operations vehicle, and a Martian surface habitat. A methodology for flowing human rating requirements to each of these systems is identified and outlined. Keywords: Human, Rating, Requirements, Certification, NASA, Standards. PACS: 96.30.Gc, 96.30.Hf, 96.55.+z, 91.62.Fc
Category: Physics of Biology

[45] viXra:1207.0004 [pdf] replaced on 2014-09-26 05:07:05

TGD View about Living Matter and Remote Mental Interactions

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 576 Pages. Updating

The book is intended to be a concise summary about the applications of TGD in consciousness theory, living matter, and remote mental interactions. The book begins with a very concise summary about TGD in the hope that it might help the mathematically oriented reader to gain an overall view: the notion of many-sheeted space-time and topological field quantization are of special importance for understanding biology in TGD Universe.

Quantum jump identified as moment of consciousness, the notion of self reducing to that of quantum jump, Negentropy Maximization Principle (NMP), zero energy ontology (ZEO), and the new view about relationship between subjective and experienced time are essential pieces of the vision. The identification of p-adic physics as correlate for cognition, the view about life as something in the intersection of real and p-adic worlds -matter and cognition - , and the notion of number theoretic negentropy are central in biological applications.

Magnetic body carrying dark matter and forming an onion-like structure with layers characterized by large values of Planck constant is a key concept of TGD inspired biology. Magnetic body is identified as intentional agent using biological body as sensory receptor and motor instrument. The role of magnetic body in various biological functions, and the new view about metabolism and its relationship to the generation of negentropic entanglement are discussed.

The applications to neuroscience are touched. The general model for the sensory qualia and for generation of attention and qualia leads to a view resembling the Orch OR of Penrose and Hameroff. Models for nerve pulse generation and EEG - or rather a fractal hierarchy of XEGs generalizing it serving as a communication tool in commutations between biological body and magnetic body - are proposed.

The mechanisms making possible for the magnetic body to control and receive sensory information from biological body apply can be regarded as those for remote mental interactions. Therefore also remote mental interactions are briefly considered in the proposed conceptual framework. Also tests for the general vision are also considered.
Category: Physics of Biology

[44] viXra:1207.0004 [pdf] replaced on 2013-09-09 06:58:36

TGD View about Living Matter and Remote Mental Interactions

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 437 Pages.

The book is intended to be a concise summary about the applications of TGD in consciousness theory, living matter, and remote mental interactions. The book begins with a very concise summary about TGD in the hope that it might help the mathematically oriented reader to gain an overall view: the notion of many-sheeted space-time and topological field quantization are of special importance for understanding biology in TGD Universe.

Quantum jump identified as moment of consciousness, the notion of self reducing to that of quantum jump, Negentropy Maximization Principle (NMP), zero energy ontology (ZEO), and the new view about relationship between subjective and experienced time are essential pieces of the vision. The identification of p-adic physics as correlate for cognition, the view about life as something in the intersection of real and p-adic worlds -matter and cognition - , and the notion of number theoretic negentropy are central in biological applications.

Magnetic body carrying dark matter and forming an onion-like structure with layers characterized by large values of Planck constant is a key concept of TGD inspired biology. Magnetic body is identified as intentional agent using biological body as sensory receptor and motor instrument. The role of magnetic body in various biological functions, and the new view about metabolism and its relationship to the generation of negentropic entanglement are discussed.

The applications to neuroscience are touched. The general model for the sensory qualia and for generation of attention and qualia leads to a view resembling the Orch OR of Penrose and Hameroff. Models for nerve pulse generation and EEG - or rather a fractal hierarchy of XEGs generalizing it serving as a communication tool in commutations between biological body and magnetic body - are proposed.

The mechanisms making possible for the magnetic body to control and receive sensory information from biological body apply can be regarded as those for remote mental interactions. Therefore also remote mental interactions are briefly considered in the proposed conceptual framework. Also tests for the general vision are also considered.
Category: Physics of Biology

[43] viXra:1207.0004 [pdf] replaced on 2013-02-17 01:53:55

TGD View about Living Matter and Remote Mental Interactions

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 311 Pages. Correction of systematic error in bibliographies

The book is intended to be a concise summary about the applications of TGD in consciousness theory, living matter, and remote mental interactions. The book begins with a very concise summary about TGD in the hope that it might help the mathematically oriented reader to gain an overall view: the notion of many-sheeted space-time and topological field quantization are of special importance for understanding biology in TGD Universe.

Quantum jump identified as moment of consciousness, the notion of self reducing to that of quantum jump, Negentropy Maximization Principle (NMP), zero energy ontology (ZEO), and the new view about relationship between subjective and experienced time are essential pieces of the vision. The identification of p-adic physics as correlate for cognition, the view about life as something in the intersection of real and p-adic worlds -matter and cognition - , and the notion of number theoretic negentropy are central in biological applications.

Magnetic body carrying dark matter and forming an onion-like structure with layers characterized by large values of Planck constant is a key concept of TGD inspired biology. Magnetic body is identified as intentional agent using biological body as sensory receptor and motor instrument. The role of magnetic body in various biological functions, and the new view about metabolism and its relationship to the generation of negentropic entanglement are discussed.

The applications to neuroscience are touched. The general model for the sensory qualia and for generation of attention and qualia leads to a view resembling the Orch OR of Penrose and Hameroff. Models for nerve pulse generation and EEG - or rather a fractal hierarchy of XEGs generalizing it serving as a communication tool in commutations between biological body and magnetic body - are proposed.

The mechanisms making possible for the magnetic body to control and receive sensory information from biological body apply can be regarded as those for remote mental interactions. Therefore also remote mental interactions are briefly considered in the proposed conceptual framework. Also tests for the general vision are also considered.
Category: Physics of Biology

[42] viXra:1207.0004 [pdf] replaced on 2013-01-01 08:12:11

TGD View about Living Matter and Remote Mental Interactions

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 391 Pages. corrections to references and index

The book is intended to be a concise summary about the applications of TGD in consciousness theory, living matter, and remote mental interactions. The book begins with a very concise summary about TGD in the hope that it might help the mathematically oriented reader to gain an overall view: the notion of many-sheeted space-time and topological field quantization are of special importance for understanding biology in TGD Universe.

Quantum jump identified as moment of consciousness, the notion of self reducing to that of quantum jump, Negentropy Maximization Principle (NMP), zero energy ontology (ZEO), and the new view about relationship between subjective and experienced time are essential pieces of the vision. The identification of p-adic physics as correlate for cognition, the view about life as something in the intersection of real and p-adic worlds -matter and cognition - , and the notion of number theoretic negentropy are central in biological applications.

Magnetic body carrying dark matter and forming an onion-like structure with layers characterized by large values of Planck constant is a key concept of TGD inspired biology. Magnetic body is identified as intentional agent using biological body as sensory receptor and motor instrument. The role of magnetic body in various biological functions, and the new view about metabolism and its relationship to the generation of negentropic entanglement are discussed.

The applications to neuroscience are touched. The general model for the sensory qualia and for generation of attention and qualia leads to a view resembling the Orch OR of Penrose and Hameroff. Models for nerve pulse generation and EEG - or rather a fractal hierarchy of XEGs generalizing it serving as a communication tool in commutations between biological body and magnetic body - are proposed.

The mechanisms making possible for the magnetic body to control and receive sensory information from biological body apply can be regarded as those for remote mental interactions. Therefore also remote mental interactions are briefly considered in the proposed conceptual framework. Also tests for the general vision are also considered.
Category: Physics of Biology

[41] viXra:1207.0004 [pdf] replaced on 2012-11-13 01:33:42

TGD View about Living Matter and Remote Mental Interactions

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 411 Pages. systematic error in bibliografies

The book is intended to be a concise summary about the applications of TGD in consciousness theory, living matter, and remote mental interactions. The book begins with a very concise summary about TGD in the hope that it might help the mathematically oriented reader to gain an overall view: the notion of many-sheeted space-time and topological field quantization are of special importance for understanding biology in TGD Universe.

Quantum jump identified as moment of consciousness, the notion of self reducing to that of quantum jump, Negentropy Maximization Principle (NMP), zero energy ontology (ZEO), and the new view about relationship between subjective and experienced time are essential pieces of the vision. The identification of p-adic physics as correlate for cognition, the view about life as something in the intersection of real and p-adic worlds -matter and cognition - , and the notion of number theoretic negentropy are central in biological applications.

Magnetic body carrying dark matter and forming an onion-like structure with layers characterized by large values of Planck constant is a key concept of TGD inspired biology. Magnetic body is identified as intentional agent using biological body as sensory receptor and motor instrument. The role of magnetic body in various biological functions, and the new view about metabolism and its relationship to the generation of negentropic entanglement are discussed.

The applications to neuroscience are touched. The general model for the sensory qualia and for generation of attention and qualia leads to a view resembling the Orch OR of Penrose and Hameroff. Models for nerve pulse generation and EEG - or rather a fractal hierarchy of XEGs generalizing it serving as a communication tool in commutations between biological body and magnetic body - are proposed.

The mechanisms making possible for the magnetic body to control and receive sensory information from biological body apply can be regarded as those for remote mental interactions. Therefore also remote mental interactions are briefly considered in the proposed conceptual framework. Also tests for the general vision are also considered.
Category: Physics of Biology

[40] viXra:1207.0004 [pdf] replaced on 2012-10-11 23:30:56

TGD View about Living Matter and Remote Mental Interactions

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 411 Pages.

The book is intended to be a concise summary about the applications of TGD in consciousness theory, living matter, and remote mental interactions. The book begins with a very concise summary about TGD in the hope that it might help the mathematically oriented reader to gain an overall view: the notion of many-sheeted space-time and topological field quantization are of special importance for understanding biology in TGD Universe.

Quantum jump identified as moment of consciousness, the notion of self reducing to that of quantum jump, Negentropy Maximization Principle (NMP), zero energy ontology (ZEO), and the new view about relationship between subjective and experienced time are essential pieces of the vision. The identification of p-adic physics as correlate for cognition, the view about life as something in the intersection of real and p-adic worlds -matter and cognition - , and the notion of number theoretic negentropy are central in biological applications.

Magnetic body carrying dark matter and forming an onion-like structure with layers characterized by large values of Planck constant is a key concept of TGD inspired biology. Magnetic body is identified as intentional agent using biological body as sensory receptor and motor instrument. The role of magnetic body in various biological functions, and the new view about metabolism and its relationship to the generation of negentropic entanglement are discussed.

The applications to neuroscience are touched. The general model for the sensory qualia and for generation of attention and qualia leads to a view resembling the Orch OR of Penrose and Hameroff. Models for nerve pulse generation and EEG - or rather a fractal hierarchy of XEGs generalizing it serving as a communication tool in commutations between biological body and magnetic body - are proposed.

The mechanisms making possible for the magnetic body to control and receive sensory information from biological body apply can be regarded as those for remote mental interactions. Therefore also remote mental interactions are briefly considered in the proposed conceptual framework. Also tests for the general vision are also considered.
Category: Physics of Biology

[39] viXra:1207.0004 [pdf] replaced on 2012-08-02 01:10:29

TGD View about Living Matter and Remote Mental Interactions

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 405 Pages. Small updatings

The book is intended to be a concise summary about the applications of TGD in consciousness theory, living matter, and remote mental interactions. The book begins with a very concise summary about TGD in the hope that it might help the mathematically oriented reader to gain an overall view: the notion of many-sheeted space-time and topological field quantization are of special importance for understanding biology in TGD Universe.

Quantum jump identified as moment of consciousness, the notion of self reducing to that of quantum jump, Negentropy Maximization Principle (NMP), zero energy ontology (ZEO), and the new view about relationship between subjective and experienced time are essential pieces of the vision. The identification of p-adic physics as correlate for cognition, the view about life as something in the intersection of real and p-adic worlds -matter and cognition - , and the notion of number theoretic negentropy are central in biological applications.

Magnetic body carrying dark matter and forming an onion-like structure with layers characterized by large values of Planck constant is a key concept of TGD inspired biology. Magnetic body is identified as intentional agent using biological body as sensory receptor and motor instrument. The role of magnetic body in various biological functions, and the new view about metabolism and its relationship to the generation of negentropic entanglement are discussed.

The applications to neuroscience are touched. The general model for the sensory qualia and for generation of attention and qualia leads to a view resembling the Orch OR of Penrose and Hameroff. Models for nerve pulse generation and EEG - or rather a fractal hierarchy of XEGs generalizing it serving as a communication tool in commutations between biological body and magnetic body - are proposed.

The mechanisms making possible for the magnetic body to control and receive sensory information from biological body apply can be regarded as those for remote mental interactions. Therefore also remote mental interactions are briefly considered in the proposed conceptual framework. Also tests for the general vision are also considered.
Category: Physics of Biology

[38] viXra:1202.0073 [pdf] replaced on 2012-03-04 04:05:59

Transmission of DNA Genetic Information into Water by means of Electromagnetic Fields of Extremely-low Frequencies

Authors: Fran De Aquino
Comments: 6 Pages.

Recently it was experimentally shown that the DNA genetic information can be transmitted into water when the DNA and the water are subjected jointly to an electromagnetic field with 7Hz frequency. As announced, the reported phenomenon could allow developing highly sensitive detection systems for chronic bacterial and viral infections. Here, it is shown a possible explanation for the phenomenon based on the recent framework of Quantum Gravity. It is shown that, if volume of water with a DNA molecule is placed near another volume of pure water, and the gravitational masses of the two water volumes are simultaneously reduced to values in the range + 0.159mi0 to  0.159mi0, by means of electromagnetic fields of extremely-low frequency (ELF), then the DNA genetic information are transmitted to pure water, imprinting onto it the structure of the DNA molecule. After several hours, as final result, a replication of the DNA can arise in the pure water.
Category: Physics of Biology

[37] viXra:1201.0121 [pdf] replaced on 2012-02-01 05:46:30

TGD Based View about Classical Fields in Relation to Consciousness Theory and Quantum Biology

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 18 Pages.

In TGD Universe gauge fields are replaced with topological field quanta. Examples are topological light rays, magnetic/electric flux tubes and sheets, and flux quanta carrying both magnetic and electric fields. Flux quanta form a fractal hierarchy in the sense that there are flux quanta inside flux quanta. It is natural to assume quantization of Kähler magnetic flux. Braiding and reconnection are the basic topological operations for flux quanta. The basic question is how the basic notions assigned with the classical gauge and gravitational fields understood in standard sense generalize in TGD framework.

  1. Superposition and interference of the classical fields is very natural in Maxwell electrodynamics and certainly experimentally verified phenomena. Also the notion of hologram relies crucially on the notion of interference. How can one describe the effects explained in terms of superposition of fields in a situation in which the theory is extremely non-linear and all classical gauge fields are expressible in terms of CP_2 coordinates and their gradients? It is also rather clear that the preferred extremals for Kähler action decompose to space-time regions representing space-time correlates for quanta. The superposition of classical fields in Maxwellian sense is impossible. How can one cope with this situation? The answer is based on simple observation: only the {\it effects} of the classical fields superpose. There is no need for the fields to superpose. Together with the notion of many-sheeted space-time this leads to elegant description of interference effects without any need to assume that linearization is a good approximation.
  2. Topological quantization brings in also braiding and reconnection of magnetic flux tubes as basic operations for classical fields. These operations for flux tubes have also Maxwellian counterparts at the level of field lines. Braiding and reconnection are in a central role in TGD Universe and especially so in in TGD inspired theory of consciousness and quantum biology. The challenge is to build a coherent overall phenomenological view about the role of topologically quantized classical fields in biology and neuroscience. For instance, one can ask what is the precise formulation for the notion of conscious hologram and whether magnetic flux tubes could serve as correlates of entanglement (or at least negentropic entanglement suggested by the number theoretic vision and identified as a basic signature of living matter).
  3. Topological quantization and the notion of magnetic body are especially important in TGD inspired model of EEG. The attempt to understand the findings of Persinger from the study of what is known as God helmet leads to a considerable progress in the understanding the possible role of topologically quantized classical fields in biology and neuro-science.

Category: Physics of Biology