Astrophysics

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Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed farther down

[1952] viXra:1902.0258 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-14 07:38:50

Merging Neutron Stars

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

The opportunity to measure the gravitational waves of two merging neutron stars could offer answers to some of the fundamental questions about the structure of matter. [42] Experiments in astrophysics and nuclear and particle physics are crucial to analyse how the universe works. [41] A team of researchers at the University of Chicago has developed a circuit platform for the exploration of quantum matter made of strongly interacting microwave photons. [40]
Category: Astrophysics

[1951] viXra:1902.0256 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-14 08:24:29

What is a Black Hole?

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

Physically, a black hole is defined by the presence of a singularity, i.e., a region of space, bounded by an 'event horizon', within which the mass/energy density becomes infinite, and the normally well-behaved laws of physics no longer apply. [33] While current gravitational wave observations aren't yet sensitive enough to observe the effect, this will certainly become an important target of future experiments. [32] One of the most cataclysmic events to occur in the cosmos involves the collision of two black holes. [31]
Category: Astrophysics

[1950] viXra:1902.0250 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-14 16:59:49

Why The Solar Planet Motion Trajectory is An Ellipse?

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 12 Pages.

Why The Solar Planet Motion Trajectory is An Ellipse? 1-Solar planet motion real trajectory is a square 2-This square trajectory is seen by us as circular trajectory 3-The 2 forms of trajectories (square and circular) get interaction together and produce the ellipse as the planet motion final trajectory. 4-The square and circular trajectories interaction is done by Uranus and Neptune effects… 5-Saturn is the main player in the solar group geometry 6-Planet Eccentricity supports this claim
Category: Astrophysics

[1949] viXra:1902.0234 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-13 07:40:30

Mapping Historical Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

A team led by the Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe constructed a map of dark matter throughout the history of the universe by analysing images of more than ten million galaxies. [32] Key components for the sky-mapping Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument (DESI), weighing about 12 tons, were hoisted atop the Mayall Telescope at Kitt Peak National Observatory (KPNO) near Tucson, Arizona, and bolted into place Wednesday, marking a major project milestone. [31]
Category: Astrophysics

[1948] viXra:1902.0230 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-13 08:54:51

Solar Planet Data Geometrical Concepts Disproves the Current Theory

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 14 Pages.

I claim that, the Solar group current theory and description are incorrect completely And contradict directly with the solar planet data geometrical meanings… let's discuss one example only for explanation… Example No.1 How the planet orbital distance is defined? How does the planet move? By gravity… The gravitation equation defines the planet orbital distance… ! Let's examine this answer 1st critic / Mercury – Venus – Earth ….. these 3 planets order lead us to conclude that, there's some relationship between the planet diameter and his orbital distance With a clear rule "Greater Diameter needs Greater Orbital Distance" The current theory tells us this is pure coincidences! But There's similar order (but reversed). Let's see that Jupiter – Saturn – Uranus – Neptune – Pluto The previous order tells us a reversed rule "Greater Diameter needs Shorter Orbital Distance" Something is occurred with Mars which caused the rule to be reversed after Mars! The current theory still consider this second order also as "pure Coincidences" But Uranus Diameter is greater than Neptune Diameter, where Neptune Mass is greater than Uranus… that tells us the solar planets order is done depending on the diameter and not on the mass! disproving the gravity concept …! This critic also is "pure coincidences", the current theory still insists … 2nd Critic/ If the planet moves by gravity, and defines his orbital distance by the gravitation equation, which depends on the masses, why Jupiter isn't in place of Mercury? Why the greatest Mass has no shortest orbital distance? According to the gravitation equation (m/r2)? The told answer is because of the initial points!! And why we accept the gravitation equation based on that if there's no any proof for it?! For myself I try to understand and don't believe deeply the current theory So the conclusions are clear before my eyes 1-There's A Relationship Between The Planet Diameter And His Orbital Distance 2-Mars causes Disturbance For This Relationship In this paper I provide many similar points which disprove clearly the current theory and push us to find more sufficient theory to explain the solar group origin and motion.
Category: Astrophysics

[1947] viXra:1902.0194 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-11 09:35:34

Development of the Universe

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

The history of the universe is predicated on the idea that, compared to today, the universe was hotter and more symmetric in its early phase. [35] The universe consists of a massive imbalance between matter and antimatter. [34] Our universe could be the mirror image of an antimatter universe extending backwards in time before the Big Bang. [33]
Category: Astrophysics

[1946] viXra:1902.0190 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-10 14:23:48

Some Pieces to the Great Red Spot on Jupiter Puzzle

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 5 Pages.

This is a proposed reason there are red storms on Jupiter, with a few other ideas. The nitrogen and oxygen available in Jupiter's atmosphere, inside of ammonium hydrosulfide [(NH4)HS] and water (H2O) interact with UVB and UVC light. The high energy photons from UV light could break them down into their elemental forms, which can then recombine with each other forming dinitrogen tetroxide N2O4 a colorless gas, and a host of other compounds and molecules. For this paper though, I will focus on the Giant Red Spot maintaining equilibrium by converting N2O4 to NO2 and back to N2O4 again. This also provides a reason why hydrogen is lost in huge amounts, as more electronegative elements nitrogen and oxygen, begin dominating and forming more complex compounds.
Category: Astrophysics

[1945] viXra:1902.0125 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-07 10:36:10

New Particles using Black Holes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

While current gravitational wave observations aren't yet sensitive enough to observe the effect, this will certainly become an important target of future experiments. [32] One of the most cataclysmic events to occur in the cosmos involves the collision of two black holes. [31] Black holes are known for their voracious appetites, binging on matter with such ferocity that not even light can escape once it's swallowed up. [30] During the formation of a black hole, a bright burst of very energetic light in the form of gamma rays is produced, these events are called gamma ray bursts. [29]
Category: Astrophysics

[1944] viXra:1902.0109 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-06 06:53:06

Wave-Plasma Surrounding the Earth

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

Researchers have investigated wave-particle interactions between energetic electrons and chorus waves evolving in the space surrounding the Earth using the scientific satellite Arase and, simultaneously, transient auroral flashes by the ground-based global observation network. [35] The universe consists of a massive imbalance between matter and antimatter. [34] Our universe could be the mirror image of an antimatter universe extending backwards in time before the Big Bang. [33] "As you celebrate New Year's Day, cast an eye upward and think for a moment about the amazing things our country and our species can do when we set our minds to it," Stern wrote in the New York Times on Monday. [32]
Category: Astrophysics

[1943] viXra:1902.0108 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-06 07:16:51

Formation Mechanism of Stars

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 66 Pages.

A novel experiment at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) has demonstrated the validity of a widespread theory known as "magnetorotational instability," or MRI, that seeks to explain the formation of heavenly bodies. [36] Researchers have investigated wave-particle interactions between energetic electrons and chorus waves evolving in the space surrounding the Earth using the scientific satellite Arase and, simultaneously, transient auroral flashes by the ground-based global observation network. [35]
Category: Astrophysics

[1942] viXra:1902.0097 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-05 18:06:36

The Relativistic Effects Reason

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 3 Pages.

This paper discusses one conclusion only which is: All Matters and Materials around us are light beams we see as matters and materials because of the human mind realization process.
Category: Astrophysics

[1941] viXra:1902.0079 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-04 23:23:55

Gravity

Authors: Sergey Bilyk
Comments: 95 Pages.

This article considers mechanics of gravity based on the Theory of Everything.
Category: Astrophysics

[1940] viXra:1902.0067 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-04 08:16:20

Universe Composed of Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 60 Pages.

The universe consists of a massive imbalance between matter and antimatter. [34] Our universe could be the mirror image of an antimatter universe extending backwards in time before the Big Bang. [33] "As you celebrate New Year's Day, cast an eye upward and think for a moment about the amazing things our country and our species can do when we set our minds to it," Stern wrote in the New York Times on Monday. [32] Our senses are stuck in the past. There's a flash of lightning, and then seconds pass until we hear the rumble of distant thunder. We hear the past. [31]
Category: Astrophysics

[1939] viXra:1902.0059 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-03 16:06:07

Star System Polymetamorphism

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 7 Pages. added some stuff on molecular dynamics, and TESS Sector 7 observations

All star systems are polymetamorphic/polymetamorphous. This means they contain stars in various stages to their own metamorphosis. Stars of all kinds orbit each other. Since they are all in different stages to their own metamorphosis, they are poly (many) meta (after) morphous/morphic (having a specified shape or form). A short list of differences between stars in our system and others is provided. As well, a short example concerning planet formation coupled with the field of molecular dynamics is provided. It is clear, planet formation (stellar evolution) is the most complex process in the universe, and stellar metamorphosis is the theory we will use to explain it, because it is the only theory that combines all the sciences together into one.
Category: Astrophysics

[1938] viXra:1902.0050 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-03 07:13:36

Astrons Within 20ly_printable Version

Authors: Daniel Archer
Comments: 2 Pages. addendum to main paper: Stellar Metamorphosis: Classification of astrons within 20 light years

Classification of astrons within 20 light years
Category: Astrophysics

[1937] viXra:1902.0049 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-03 07:16:02

Stellar Metamorphosis: Classification of Astrons Within 20 Light Years

Authors: Daniel Archer
Comments: 5 Pages. there is an addendum: astrons within 20ly_printable version

The observed stars and planets (astrons) within 20 light years of our solar system are classified according to Stellar Metamorphosis. After the table some notes are provided on certain classifications and explanations on why certain choices were made.
Category: Astrophysics

[1936] viXra:1902.0044 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-03 10:26:05

Gerges Francis Tawdrous (Curriculum Vitae)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 11 Pages.

The Curriculum Vitae of Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Category: Astrophysics

[1935] viXra:1902.0029 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-02 11:30:49

Dark Matter is not ‘invisible’, is not ‘transparent’ Matter

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 297 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

“Dark Matter is not ‘invisible’, is not ‘transparent’ Matter.” Adrian Ferent “Light will not cross Dark Matter because the Gravitons from Dark Matter will transform light in Dark Matter.” Adrian Ferent “Light will not cross Dark Matter because Dark Matter density is higher than Planck density.” Adrian Ferent You learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists…that Dark Matter is ‘invisible’, is ‘transparent’ Matter. “What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Dark Matter is wrong” Adrian Ferent You learned that Dark Matter is some form of material that does not emits, reflects, absorbs light. This means the light goes trough Dark Matter because light does not interact with Dark Matter. The wrong picture where Matter only accounts for 4.9 percent of our universe; another 26.8 percent is constituted of Dark Matter and 68.3 percent is constituted of Dark Energy. The scientists thought because there is 5 times more Dark Matter than Matter, because they did not detect Dark Matter which does not interact with light, the scientists have come to the conclusion that Dark Matter is ‘invisible’, is ‘transparent’ Matter. When you look at the sky and you do not see Dark Matter, this means it is ‘invisible’, is ‘transparent’! Here are 2 examples, Lisa Randall professor from Harvard university and Dan Bauer physicist from Fermilab, of what the professors, the scientists think about Dark Matter: they think that Dark Matter is ‘invisible’, is ‘transparent’ Matter! Lisa Randall professor from Harvard university, on New Ideas About Dark Matter: Dan Bauer physicist from Fermilab, on what is Dark Matter: Visible light is usually defined as having the wavelength around 5 × 10^(-7) m. I calculated the mass of Dark Matter, a sphere with the diameter of 2 wavelengths: The sphere volume: V= 4πr^3 / 3 V= 5.2 × 10^(-19) m^3 In Ferent Quantum Gravity, FQG, Dark Matter with this volume has a density higher than Planck density! The density of Dark Matter is higher than Planck density = 5.2 × 10^96 kg/m^3 I consider the Dark Matter density for this volume 5.2 × 10^99 kg/m^3, much smaller than Ferent density. The Dark Matter mass: M = 27 × 10^80 kg This is a huge mass, because Dark Matter has another structure, based on Ferent length much smaller than Planck length. Light will not cross Dark Matter with the volume V and the mass M. Light will not cross Dark Matter with the volume V because the Gravitons from Dark Matter will transform light in Dark Matter. “Light will not cross Dark Matter because the Gravitons from Dark Matter will transform light in Dark Matter.” Adrian Ferent “Light will not cross Dark Matter because Dark Matter density is higher than Planck density.” Adrian Ferent This means: “Dark Matter is not ‘invisible’, is not ‘transparent’ Matter.” Adrian Ferent “Your professors, the researchers, the greatest scientists…did not understand Gravitation and Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “Ferent equation of the Universe, made of Matter and Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent 170. I am the first who calculated Dark Matter mass with the volume V 171. I am the first who discovered that Dark Matter is not ‘invisible’, is not ‘transparent’ Matter 172. I am the first who discovered that light will not cross Dark Matter because the Gravitons from Dark Matter will transform light in Dark Matter 173. I am the first who discovered that light will not cross Dark Matter because Dark Matter density is higher than Planck density
Category: Astrophysics

[1934] viXra:1902.0025 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-02 13:34:59

The Locations of K2-33 and K2-33b on the Wolynski-Taylor Diagram, and V 391 Pegasi b: The "Red Giant" Survivor

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 5 Pages. a few illustrations included

Dogma has K2-33 and K2-33b the same age, ~9.3 million years old. It is clear they are vastly different ages, as the host is a voluminous red dwarf and its companion a many hundred million year old grey dwarf. Both are placed on the WT diagram to show the public and the scientific community at large that the dogma is off by two magnitudes concerning the age of K2-33b, the grey dwarf in question and off by over one magnitude with K2-33. As well, V 391 Pegasi b is shown to exist with or without a red giant needing to exist in any state.
Category: Astrophysics

[1933] viXra:1901.0422 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-28 09:27:55

Life Is Found On Earth Only (Claim)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 9 Pages.

Life Is Found On Earth Only (Claim) -The Solar Planet Orbital Period is found based on geometrical reason. -The Sun circles Earth during 365.25 days giving one Face always to the Earth which is The Life Reason On Earth -the Life chance on Earth is found by a mentioned process based on the solar group geometrical structure and not found by any random process….
Category: Astrophysics

[1932] viXra:1901.0417 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-27 14:17:40

Stellar Metamorphosis: The Location of Subdwarf B and O Stars on the Wolynski-Taylor Diagram

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages. 1 diagram

Subdwarf B and O stars are placed on the Wolynski-Taylor Diagram. They are intermediate white dwarfs which are expanding/contracting at regular rates giving the impression that they are pulsing, all the way until they fully expand into O star stages. From then, they will begin cooling and contracting slowly, losing mass and energy becoming the much more highly evolved brown dwarfs, and then to the objects called "planet".
Category: Astrophysics

[1931] viXra:1901.0381 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-25 14:35:20

Is the 2737 Phenomenon a Real One?

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 43 Pages.

Is the 2737 Phenomenon a real one? 1-The Cycle 2737 years is a real one 2-The Cycle 2737 years refers to the sun inner main changes 3-The Sun energy depends on the solar planets motions energies accumulation (and doesn't depend on any nuclear interactions occurring inside the sun) i.e. the solar planets motions mechanical waves (Energy) are transferred into light waves (Energy= sun rays) 4-Solar planet motion energy is accumulated daily and technically by lorentz length contraction effect, where solar planet motion is a relativistic one. 5-Solar planet motion energy is concentrated inside the space regularly and technically by lorentz length contraction phenomenon, where the space stores Energy with different densities. 6-Solar Planets Motions Energies Total Produces The Sun Rays 7-The moon daily motion shows the lorentz contraction effects in the solar group, i.e. the Lorentz contraction effects are found daily and that means the planet usual daily motion causes lorentz effects which causes the Space stored energy to be concentrated..
Category: Astrophysics

[1930] viXra:1901.0375 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-26 03:22:36

Hawking Radiation in Laboratory

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

Researchers at Weizmann Institute of Science and Cinvestav recently carried out a study testing the theory of Hawking radiation on laboratory analogues of black holes. [32] One of the most cataclysmic events to occur in the cosmos involves the collision of two black holes. [31] Black holes are known for their voracious appetites, binging on matter with such ferocity that not even light can escape once it's swallowed up. [30] During the formation of a black hole, a bright burst of very energetic light in the form of gamma rays is produced, these events are called gamma ray bursts. [29] A new Tel Aviv University-led study published today in Nature Astronomy finds that some supermassive black holes are triggered to grow, suddenly devouring a large amount of gas in their surroundings. [28]
Category: Astrophysics

[1929] viXra:1901.0373 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-25 05:03:36

Supercomputers and AI of Black Hole Mergers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

One of the most cataclysmic events to occur in the cosmos involves the collision of two black holes. [31] Black holes are known for their voracious appetites, binging on matter with such ferocity that not even light can escape once it's swallowed up. [30] During the formation of a black hole, a bright burst of very energetic light in the form of gamma rays is produced, these events are called gamma ray bursts. [29] A new Tel Aviv University-led study published today in Nature Astronomy finds that some supermassive black holes are triggered to grow, suddenly devouring a large amount of gas in their surroundings. [28] Needless to say, we do not have the capability of performing real experiments in or near black holes yet, so scientists resort to theory and simulations to develop an understanding, by making predictions and new discoveries. [27]
Category: Astrophysics

[1928] viXra:1901.0362 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-25 03:42:33

Insight into Universe's Origins

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 83 Pages.

Using simulations and calculations, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) nuclear scientists for the first time have accurately predicted the properties of polarized thermonuclear fusion. [45] Quark-gluon plasma (QGP) is the name for this mysterious substance so called because it was made up of quarks—the fundamental particles—and gluons, which physicist Rosi J. Reed describes as "what quarks use to talk to each other." [44] Scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, and their colleagues from the international ALICE collaboration recently collided xenon nuclei, in order to gain new insights into the properties of the Quark-Gluon Plasma (the QGP) – the matter that the universe consisted of up to a microsecond after the Big Bang. [43]
Category: Astrophysics

[1927] viXra:1901.0360 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-25 04:12:35

Escape a Black Hole

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Black holes are known for their voracious appetites, binging on matter with such ferocity that not even light can escape once it's swallowed up. [30] During the formation of a black hole, a bright burst of very energetic light in the form of gamma rays is produced, these events are called gamma ray bursts. [29] A new Tel Aviv University-led study published today in Nature Astronomy finds that some supermassive black holes are triggered to grow, suddenly devouring a large amount of gas in their surroundings. [28] Needless to say, we do not have the capability of performing real experiments in or near black holes yet, so scientists resort to theory and simulations to develop an understanding, by making predictions and new discoveries. [27]
Category: Astrophysics

[1926] viXra:1901.0355 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-24 07:29:08

Would-be Evidence of Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

Almost 20 years ago, the DAMA/LIBRA experiment at Italy's Gran Sasso National Laboratory—LNGS began publishing data showing that it had detected a signal modulation produced by an interaction with the Milky Way's dark matter halo. [27] This week, scientists from around the world who gathered at the University of California, Los Angeles, at the Dark Matter 2018 Symposium learned of new results in the search for evidence of the elusive material in Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) by the DarkSide-50 detector. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25]
Category: Astrophysics

[1925] viXra:1901.0326 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 09:35:50

Stellar Metamorphosis: Comment on Thousands Of Stars Turning Into Crystals

Authors: Daniel Archer
Comments: 5 Pages.

I make some comments on a recent news article about white dwarfs turning into crystals and what it may mean in Stellar Metamorphosis.
Category: Astrophysics

[1924] viXra:1901.0305 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-21 00:07:36

Dark Matter Mass of Milky Way Galaxy is Less Than Planet Neptune Mass

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 292 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

“In Ferent Quantum Gravity theory Dark Matter mass of Milky Way galaxy is less than planet Neptune mass.” Adrian Ferent “Because Dark Matter mass of Milky Way galaxy is less than planet Neptune mass, Dark Matter was not detected” Adrian Ferent “Your professors, the researchers, the greatest scientists…did not understand Gravitation and Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity theory the gravitational field created by Dark Matter collapsed the gas and dust within a region and the Sun was formed.” Adrian Ferent “What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about how Stars and Planets were formed is wrong” Adrian Ferent “I am the first who calculated Dark Matter mass of Milky Way galaxy” Adrian Ferent “Dark Matter with the mass of planet Neptune, has a stronger Gravitational field than the Milky Way galaxy” Adrian Ferent “I discovered the Dark Photons much Faster Than Light (FTL)” Adrian Ferent “What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Dark Matter is wrong” Adrian Ferent “Dark Matter in Milky Way galaxy has very small mass, less than the mass of planet Neptune, not five times the Milky Way galaxy mass, how you learned from your professors.” Adrian Ferent Where is Dark Matter? “Black Holes are Ferent Matter” Adrian Ferent “Dark Matter is in the core of stars and planets” Adrian Ferent “The elementary particles contain Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “Because the elementary particles contain Dark Matter with the mass much smaller than particles mass, Dark Matter is not detected at CERN” Adrian Ferent “Ferent equation for elementary particle, made of 2 particles, a Matter particle and a Dark Matter particle, is the Unification between Matter and Dark Matter!” Adrian Ferent You learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists…that formation of the Sun was triggered by shockwaves from one or more nearby supernovae, or by waves of energy traveling through space pressed clouds of such particles closer together! “In Ferent Quantum Gravity theory the gravitational field created by Dark Matter collapsed the gas and dust within a region and the Sun was formed.” Adrian Ferent “What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about how the Stars and Planets were formed is wrong” Adrian Ferent How much Dark Matter do stars and planets contain? “Stars and planets contain Dark Matter in proportion to their mass” Adrian Ferent “I am the first who calculated the mass and the energy of a Black Hole” Adrian Ferent “Everything what you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists…about Dark Matter and Black Holes is wrong” Adrian Ferent “Ferent Quantum Gravity theory explains that Supermassive Black Holes have very small mass, because the Gravitons inside the Supermassive Black Holes have high energy” Adrian Ferent Where md is the Dark Matter mass and vp is the Dark Photons speed. “The speed of Dark Photons is vp = 1.001762 × 10^17 m/s” Adrian Ferent Ferent Quantum Gravity theory explains: “The Gravitons and the Dark Photons are faster than light” Adrian Ferent “Black Holes are Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent The mass of supermassive Black Hole from the center of our galaxy is 7.3 × 10^19 kg, much smaller than the Moon mass. “I am the first who calculated the mass and the energy of a Black Hole” Adrian Ferent “Physics is much more complicated than you learned, with Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent This is another proof that Ferent Quantum Gravity theory is right and Einstein Gravitation theory, String theory, LQG… are wrong theories. Ferent Quantum Gravity theory explains why we were not able to detect Dark Matter in the Milky Way galaxy, in our own Solar system. “In Ferent Quantum Gravity theory Dark Matter mass of Milky Way galaxy is less than planet Neptune mass.” Adrian Ferent “What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Dark Matter is wrong” Adrian Ferent What is Dark Energy in Ferent Quantum Gravity theory? “Dark Energy is Gravitational Waves” Adrian Ferent “Dark Energy is Gravitons” Adrian Ferent Only in USA student debt reached 1.52 trillion dollars. The students pay a lot of money to universities, to learn from professors wrong theories like Einstein’s wrong gravitation theory, wrong theories about Dark Matter, Dark Energy, Black Holes, Elementary particles, wrong theories about Evolution, Mind, Consciousness… 163. I am the first who discovered that Dark Matter mass of Milky Way galaxy is less than planet Neptune mass 164. I am the first who discovered that because Dark Matter mass of Milky Way galaxy is less than planet Neptune mass, Dark Matter was not detected 165. I am the first who calculated Dark Matter mass of Milky Way galaxy 166. I am the first who discovered that the Dark Matter with the mass of planet Neptune, has a stronger Gravitational field than the Milky Way galaxy 167. I am the first who discovered how the Sun was formed: In Ferent Quantum Gravity theory the gravitational field created by Dark Matter collapsed the gas and dust within a region and the Sun was formed 168. I am the first who discovered the Dark Photons much Faster Than Light (FTL) 169. I am the first who discovered that what you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about how the Stars and Planets were formed is wrong
Category: Astrophysics

[1923] viXra:1901.0301 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-19 14:53:31

The MOND Limit of the Inverse Square Law

Authors: Kurt L. Becker
Comments: 8 Pages. This paper attempts to give a theoretical foundation for the MOND equations.

Abstract This paper attempts to give a theoretical foundation for the Modified Newtonian Dynamics equations developed by M. Milgrom Ref.1. It will show that there is a cross sectional limit, below which 1/r2 asymptotically changes to 1/r. When the cross section of a distant star falls below the cross section of a particle transmitting the gravitational force, such as a graviton, as viewed from a baryon, such as a proton, then the inverse square law is no longer valid. Gravitational attraction then depends on the distance travelled by the particle and will result in the force of gravity varying as 1/r. It is only the relative geometries which limit the inverse square law. The sizes of the suns and particles involved will only result in different limits and will not change the basic outcome of 1/r.
Category: Astrophysics

[1922] viXra:1901.0288 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-20 11:35:10

Waves in Saturn's Rings

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 72 Pages.

Saturn's distinctive rings were observed in unprecedented detail by NASA's Cassini spacecraft, and scientists have now used those observations to probe the interior of the giant planet and obtain the first precise determination of its rotation rate. [40] Down a hallway in the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL), scientists study the workings of a machine in a room stuffed with wires and metal components. [39] Active galactic nuclei (AGN) are among the most dramatic and interesting phenomena in extragalactic astronomy. [38]
Category: Astrophysics

[1921] viXra:1901.0276 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-19 07:56:10

Optical Analogue of a Black Hole

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

Stephen Hawking liked to claim that, if his most famous prediction had been verified experimentally, he would have won a Nobel prize. [23] With the newfound ability to recreate these structures in the lab, earth-based scientists finally have a way to study some of the possible scenarios that might have taken place in the early universe more closely. [22] "We studied two systems: a Bose-Einstein condensate with 100,000 atoms confined in a cavity and an optomechanical cavity that confines light between two mirrors," Gabriel Teixeira Landi, a professor at the University of São Paulo's Physics Institute (IF-USP), told. [21] Search engine entropy is thus important not only for the efficiency of search engines and those using them to find relevant information as well as to the success of the companies and other bodies running such systems, but also to those who run websites hoping to be found and visited following a search. [20]
Category: Astrophysics

[1920] viXra:1901.0264 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-18 10:43:00

Extrapolation to a New Solar System Model

Authors: Ivovanderrijt
Comments: 1 Page.

Learning people to extrapolate ideas in astro.
Category: Astrophysics

[1919] viXra:1901.0259 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-17 23:03:59

Cosmological Redshift

Authors: Akovantsev Peter Ivanovich
Comments: 4 Pages.

The article describes the relationship of the cosmological redshift with the temperature of radiation distribution medium. The Fraunhofer absorption lines of a certain frequency are superimposed on the continuous spectrum of distant galaxy visible radiation by a hydrogen-distribution medium. These lines are shifted to the long-wave side, which indicates the change of hydrogen properties as a propagation medium, and not the properties of radiation itself (wavelength change), and these changes are associated primarily with temperature. And this, in its turn, suggests that the Universe is heated during its evolutionary development.
Category: Astrophysics

[1918] viXra:1901.0257 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-18 03:10:27

Космологическое красное смещение. Объяснение.

Authors: Акованцев Пётр Иванович
Comments: 5 Pages.

В статье изложена связь космологического красного смещения с температурой среды распространения излучения. На сплошной спектр видимого излучения далёких галактик накладываются фраунгоферовы линии поглощения определённой частоты водородом-средой распространения. Эти линии смещаются в длинноволновую сторону, что говорит об изменении свойств водорода, как среды распространения, а не свойств самого излучения (изменении длины волны) и связаны эти изменения, прежде всего с температурой. А это, в свою очередь говорит о том, что Вселенная в своём эволюционном развитии нагревается.
Category: Astrophysics

[1917] viXra:1901.0253 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-17 07:52:42

Disproof of the Accretion Model

Authors: Ivovanderrijt
Comments: 1 Page.

Small paper on a very old redundant model.
Category: Astrophysics

[1916] viXra:1901.0247 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 16:19:45

Nuclear Decay Rate Oscillations and a Gravity-Quantum Connection

Authors: Robert T. Longo
Comments: 19 Pages.

This paper construct a model to evaluate the hypothesis that the in- compatibility between General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics is due to the different space-time geometries upon which each respective theory was built. The model is then applied to an unexplained phenomena observed in the decay rate of unstable nuclei, whose decay rate has superimposed on them oscillations that match the yearly cycle of the Earth’s orbit. The gravity-quantum connection model will show that gravitation is likely the ”unknown field” responsible for the nu- clear decay oscillations.
Category: Astrophysics

[1915] viXra:1901.0235 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 08:19:44

Quantum Structures in Early Universe

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 37 Pages.

With the newfound ability to recreate these structures in the lab, earth-based scientists finally have a way to study some of the possible scenarios that might have taken place in the early universe more closely. [22] "We studied two systems: a Bose-Einstein condensate with 100,000 atoms confined in a cavity and an optomechanical cavity that confines light between two mirrors," Gabriel Teixeira Landi, a professor at the University of São Paulo's Physics Institute (IF-USP), told. [21] Search engine entropy is thus important not only for the efficiency of search engines and those using them to find relevant information as well as to the success of the companies and other bodies running such systems, but also to those who run websites hoping to be found and visited following a search. [20]
Category: Astrophysics

[1914] viXra:1901.0204 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 00:56:18

Supermassive Black Holes are Fed

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

A new Tel Aviv University-led study published today in Nature Astronomy finds that some supermassive black holes are triggered to grow, suddenly devouring a large amount of gas in their surroundings. [28] Needless to say, we do not have the capability of performing real experiments in or near black holes yet, so scientists resort to theory and simulations to develop an understanding, by making predictions and new discoveries. [27] Our first glimpses into the physics that exist near the center of a black hole are being made possible using "loop quantum gravity"—a theory that uses quantum mechanics to extend gravitational physics beyond Einstein's theory of general relativity. [26]
Category: Astrophysics

[1913] viXra:1901.0202 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 01:44:30

Chaos of Black Holes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

During the formation of a black hole, a bright burst of very energetic light in the form of gamma rays is produced, these events are called gamma ray bursts. [29] A new Tel Aviv University-led study published today in Nature Astronomy finds that some supermassive black holes are triggered to grow, suddenly devouring a large amount of gas in their surroundings. [28] Needless to say, we do not have the capability of performing real experiments in or near black holes yet, so scientists resort to theory and simulations to develop an understanding, by making predictions and new discoveries. [27]
Category: Astrophysics

[1912] viXra:1901.0198 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 07:12:50

Formation of Planets and Stars

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 70 Pages.

Down a hallway in the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL), scientists study the workings of a machine in a room stuffed with wires and metal components. [39] Active galactic nuclei (AGN) are among the most dramatic and interesting phenomena in extragalactic astronomy. [38] A new study conducted by a team of astronomers from Poland and South Africa provides more insights into the nature of Hen 3-160, a symbiotic binary system in the southern Milky Way. [37]
Category: Astrophysics

[1911] viXra:1901.0196 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 08:44:42

Mysterious Liquid Became All Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 82 Pages.

Quark-gluon plasma (QGP) is the name for this mysterious substance so called because it was made up of quarks—the fundamental particles—and gluons, which physicist Rosi J. Reed describes as "what quarks use to talk to each other." [44] Scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, and their colleagues from the international ALICE collaboration recently collided xenon nuclei, in order to gain new insights into the properties of the Quark-Gluon Plasma (the QGP) – the matter that the universe consisted of up to a microsecond after the Big Bang. [43]
Category: Astrophysics

[1910] viXra:1901.0185 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 04:02:20

Deviation of a Ray of Light in a Gravitational Field.

Authors: Kirov
Comments: 7 Pages.

Fixed Zoldner calculation for deflection of a ray of light in a gravitational field. The result corresponds to the observed. Given a short method of calculation.
Category: Astrophysics

[1909] viXra:1901.0164 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 16:38:57

Technische Anwendungen Zur Umwandlung Der Rotationsenergie Der Erde in Elektrische Energie in Theorie Und Praxis Teil 11

Authors: Robert Stach
Comments: 22 Pages.

Aufgezeigt werden Möglichkeiten zur Umwandlung der Rotationsenergie der Erde in elektrische Energie. Neben einem geschichtlichen Exkurs erfolgt die detaillierte Beschreibung der Anlagen. Es erfolgen Berechnungen zur Winkelgeschwindigkeit und Leistung der Präzessionsbewegung sowohl für Kreisel mit fortlaufend horizontal kippender Achse, als auch für Kreisel mit einer fortlaufend horizontalen Achsverschiebung. Erklärt wird auch die resultierende Bewegungsänderung eines Kreisels bei nur einem wirkenden Impuls.
Category: Astrophysics

[1908] viXra:1901.0163 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 17:06:30

Vacuum Energy Theory

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 37 Pages.

Vacuum Energy Theory Basics: -Vacuum stores Energy (Space is Energy) -Vacuum stores Energy with different capacities (Space has different densities of Energy). -Vacuum with higher storing Capacity (Space with higher density of Energy) goes to upper location vertically relating to other Space Layers (as shown in the figure). -The solar group has 9 Space layers (Mercury Level is the highest Layer vertically) -Each Space Layer has different density of Energy (different Capacity) -Each Space layer stores Energy….from this Energy the planet matter is created and the layer rest Energy is used as potential energy which will transferred into Kinetic Energy to be used for this planet motion. -The relativistic effects (specifically Lorentz length contraction) leads to increase the Vacuum storing capacity of Energy (i.e. increase the Space density of Energy) -The Previous description explains why the solar group motions trajectory is in a pyramid form. -The solar group original Energy is provided by the Earth
Category: Astrophysics

[1907] viXra:1901.0127 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-09 09:26:11

Black Holes for Hyperspace Travel

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

Needless to say, we do not have the capability of performing real experiments in or near black holes yet, so scientists resort to theory and simulations to develop an understanding, by making predictions and new discoveries. [27] Our first glimpses into the physics that exist near the center of a black hole are being made possible using "loop quantum gravity"—a theory that uses quantum mechanics to extend gravitational physics beyond Einstein's theory of general relativity. [26] In the shadowy regions of black holes two fundamental theories describing our world collide. Can these problems be resolved and do black holes really exist? First, we may have to see one and scientists are trying to do just this. [25] The authors suggest that this virtual reality simulation could be useful for studying black holes. [24] Every galaxy is thought to harbor a supermassive black hole in the center, or nucleus, of the galaxy, and in active galaxies this black hole is fed by infalling matter. [23] A new study by researchers at the University of Colorado Boulder finds that violent crashes may be more effective at activating black holes than more peaceful mergers. [22]
Category: Astrophysics

[1906] viXra:1901.0107 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-08 15:27:00

Space Has Different Densities of Energy

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 4 Pages.

Abstract Hypothesis: Space is Energy and has different densities of Energy i.e. Not all spaces have the same energy density The Main Idea …. Let's summarize the main idea in following: 1-The space is Energy 2-The Space has different densities of Energy 3-The space of higher energy goes to upper level where the lower Energy Space is found in lower level 4-As we see in air or water… the higher temperature air goes to up but the lower temperature air goes down.. this process uses the medium (air or water) to transfer the energy but without medium the space itself behaves by this same mechanism where the space is Energy has different densities and tries to reach the balance point of his different energy levels. 5-Also we know that, the higher places have potential energy higher than the lower places which supports the same meaning that the space different densities of energy can be distinguished by different levels of space.. 6-Now let's suppose that, the planet uses the space potential energy by transferring it into kinetic energy for this planet motion… 7-So the planet is born from his space energy (his orbital distance energy) and moves by transferring this space potential energy into kinetic energy (and this explains the relationship which we have found between the planet diameter and orbital distance) 8-Based on that, Mercury is found on the most higher point (level) than any other planet and he's directly under the sun, and because of his very high position, his space potential energy is very high one where Mercury uses this high potential energy by transferring it into kinetic Energy by which Mercury moves (Mercury velocity is the highest one) 9-That means, each solar planet is found on different level relating to the other planets and based on his motion velocity. 10-i.e. Each solar planet occupies one step in stairs contains of 9 steps…. That means the solar group is in stair form and the sun is on Apex 11-Based on that, the solar planets motions trajectory must be in a pyramid form. 12-The previous idea makes the solar group motions is near to atom's particles motions which can lead to unify the physics theories.
Category: Astrophysics

[1905] viXra:1901.0097 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-07 07:46:16

Circumnuclear Torus Chandra

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 68 Pages.

Active galactic nuclei (AGN) are among the most dramatic and interesting phenomena in extragalactic astronomy. [38] A new study conducted by a team of astronomers from Poland and South Africa provides more insights into the nature of Hen 3-160, a symbiotic binary system in the southern Milky Way. [37] There are more than 3,900 confirmed planets beyond our solar system. Most of them have been detected because of their "transits"—instances when a planet crosses its star, momentarily blocking its light. [36] Rice University physicists have created the world's first laser-cooled neutral plasma, completing a 20-year quest that sets the stage for simulators that re-create exotic states of matter found inside Jupiter and white dwarf stars. [35] An international group of astronomers has detected an intense and extremely luminous gamma-ray flare from one of high-redshift blazars known as DA 193. [34] Our universe could be the mirror image of an antimatter universe extending backwards in time before the Big Bang. [33] "As you celebrate New Year's Day, cast an eye upward and think for a moment about the amazing things our country and our species can do when we set our minds to it," Stern wrote in the New York Times on Monday. [32]
Category: Astrophysics

[1904] viXra:1901.0086 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-06 06:50:26

Symbiotic Binary Variable Star

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 66 Pages.

A new study conducted by a team of astronomers from Poland and South Africa provides more insights into the nature of Hen 3-160, a symbiotic binary system in the southern Milky Way. [37] There are more than 3,900 confirmed planets beyond our solar system. Most of them have been detected because of their "transits"—instances when a planet crosses its star, momentarily blocking its light. [36] Rice University physicists have created the world's first laser-cooled neutral plasma, completing a 20-year quest that sets the stage for simulators that re-create exotic states of matter found inside Jupiter and white dwarf stars. [35] An international group of astronomers has detected an intense and extremely luminous gamma-ray flare from one of high-redshift blazars known as DA 193. [34] Our universe could be the mirror image of an antimatter universe extending backwards in time before the Big Bang. [33]
Category: Astrophysics

[1903] viXra:1901.0082 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-06 12:35:38

The Moon Orbit Triangle

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 3 Pages.

The solar planets matters (diameters) are created based on geometrical rules The moon orbit triangle proves this fact.
Category: Astrophysics

[1902] viXra:1901.0071 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-05 07:31:50

Holographic Acoustic Tweezers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

A holographic acoustic tweezers (HAT) system has been used to suspend up to 25 objects in mid-air simultaneously. [36] Holography is a powerful tool that can reconstruct wavefronts of light and combine the fundamental wave properties of amplitude, phase, polarization, wave vector and frequency. [35] Physicist Artem Rudenko from Kansas State University and his colleagues pondered how to improve the images of viruses and microparticles that scientists get from X-rays. [34] A team of materials scientists from Penn State, Cornell and Argonne National Laboratory have, for the first time, visualized the 3-D atomic and electron density structure of the most complex perovskite crystal structure system decoded to date. [33] Hydrogen-powered electronics, travel, and more may be a step closer thanks to the work of a collaborative team of scientists in Japan. [32]
Category: Astrophysics

[1901] viXra:1901.0070 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-05 09:42:02

Guide Stars for Telescopes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 66 Pages.

There are more than 3,900 confirmed planets beyond our solar system. Most of them have been detected because of their "transits"-instances when a planet crosses its star, momentarily blocking its light. [36] Rice University physicists have created the world's first laser-cooled neutral plasma, completing a 20-year quest that sets the stage for simulators that recreate exotic states of matter found inside Jupiter and white dwarf stars. [35] An international group of astronomers has detected an intense and extremely luminous gamma-ray flare from one of high-redshift blazars known as DA 193. [34] Our universe could be the mirror image of an antimatter universe extending backwards in time before the Big Bang. [33] "As you celebrate New Year's Day, cast an eye upward and think for a moment about the amazing things our country and our species can do when we set our minds to it," Stern wrote in the New York Times on Monday. [32] Our senses are stuck in the past. There's a flash of lightning, and then seconds pass until we hear the rumble of distant thunder. We hear the past. [31] ESA's technical centre in the Netherlands has begun running a pulsar-based clock. The "PulChron' system measures the passing of time using millisecond-frequency radio pulses from multiple fast-spinning neutron stars. [30] VR is an almost perfect avenue for this approach, since it has been surging in popularity as both entertainment and an educational tool. [29] Using MAGIC telescopes and NASA's Fermi spacecraft, an international team of astronomers has discovered a new source of very high energy gamma-ray emission around the supernova remnant (SNR) G24.7+0.6. [28] In 1973, Russian physicist A.B. Migdal predicted the phenomenon of pion condensation above a critical, extremely high-several times higher than that for normal matter-nuclear density. [27] Our first glimpses into the physics that exist near the center of a black hole are being made possible using "loop quantum gravity"-a theory that uses quantum mechanics to extend gravitational physics beyond Einstein's theory of general relativity. [26]
Category: Astrophysics

[1900] viXra:1901.0065 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-05 11:48:40

How Two Lobed Asteroids and Comets are Formed: An Alternative to Dogma Concerning Ultima Thule

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages. 1 hand drawn illustration

A drawing was made to show how two lobed asteroids and comets are formed. What happens is that two pre-existing objects slam into each other, making a large crown of debris that is liquefied. This liquefied debris then cools too fast to be completely rounded by gravitation. It is similar to a water droplet splash crown. Any accretion theory needs gravitational bodies strong enough to hold onto the material after any collision, and since asteroids and comets are mostly solitary, it means they were impact remains between objects that did not have strong enough gravitational fields to hold onto the debris. It also means that asteroid guts from the same collision are scattered throughout the galaxy. Ultima Thule is probably extrasolar in nature, and has nothing to do with the formation of a planet/star, it has to do with the destruction of its remains.
Category: Astrophysics

[1899] viXra:1901.0055 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-04 07:11:35

Luminous Gamma-Ray Detected

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 59 Pages.

An international group of astronomers has detected an intense and extremely luminous gamma-ray flare from one of high-redshift blazars known as DA 193. [34] Our universe could be the mirror image of an antimatter universe extending backwards in time before the Big Bang. [33] "As you celebrate New Year's Day, cast an eye upward and think for a moment about the amazing things our country and our species can do when we set our minds to it," Stern wrote in the New York Times on Monday. [32] Our senses are stuck in the past. There's a flash of lightning, and then seconds pass until we hear the rumble of distant thunder. We hear the past. [31]
Category: Astrophysics

[1898] viXra:1901.0047 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-04 10:47:45

Simulators of Super-Dense Stars

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 62 Pages.

Rice University physicists have created the world's first laser-cooled neutral plasma, completing a 20-year quest that sets the stage for simulators that recreate exotic states of matter found inside Jupiter and white dwarf stars. [35] An international group of astronomers has detected an intense and extremely luminous gamma-ray flare from one of high-redshift blazars known as DA 193. [34] Our universe could be the mirror image of an antimatter universe extending backwards in time before the Big Bang. [33] "As you celebrate New Year's Day, cast an eye upward and think for a moment about the amazing things our country and our species can do when we set our minds to it," Stern wrote in the New York Times on Monday. [32] Our senses are stuck in the past. There's a flash of lightning, and then seconds pass until we hear the rumble of distant thunder. We hear the past. [31] ESA's technical centre in the Netherlands has begun running a pulsar-based clock. The "PulChron' system measures the passing of time using millisecond-frequency radio pulses from multiple fast-spinning neutron stars. [30] VR is an almost perfect avenue for this approach, since it has been surging in popularity as both entertainment and an educational tool. [29] Using MAGIC telescopes and NASA's Fermi spacecraft, an international team of astronomers has discovered a new source of very high energy gamma-ray emission around the supernova remnant (SNR) G24.7+0.6. [28] In 1973, Russian physicist A.B. Migdal predicted the phenomenon of pion condensation above a critical, extremely high-several times higher than that for normal matter-nuclear density. [27] Our first glimpses into the physics that exist near the center of a black hole are being made possible using "loop quantum gravity"-a theory that uses quantum mechanics to extend gravitational physics beyond Einstein's theory of general relativity. [26] In the shadowy regions of black holes two fundamental theories describing our world collide. Can these problems be resolved and do black holes really exist? First, we may have to see one and scientists are trying to do just this. [25]
Category: Astrophysics

[1897] viXra:1901.0039 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-03 08:54:23

Antimatter Universe Partner

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 58 Pages.

Our universe could be the mirror image of an antimatter universe extending backwards in time before the Big Bang. [33] "As you celebrate New Year's Day, cast an eye upward and think for a moment about the amazing things our country and our species can do when we set our minds to it," Stern wrote in the New York Times on Monday. [32] Our senses are stuck in the past. There's a flash of lightning, and then seconds pass until we hear the rumble of distant thunder. We hear the past. [31] ESA's technical centre in the Netherlands has begun running a pulsar-based clock. The "PulChron' system measures the passing of time using millisecond-frequency radio pulses from multiple fast-spinning neutron stars. [30] VR is an almost perfect avenue for this approach, since it has been surging in popularity as both entertainment and an educational tool. [29] Using MAGIC telescopes and NASA's Fermi spacecraft, an international team of astronomers has discovered a new source of very high energy gamma-ray emission around the supernova remnant (SNR) G24.7+0.6. [28] In 1973, Russian physicist A.B. Migdal predicted the phenomenon of pion condensation above a critical, extremely high-several times higher than that for normal matter-nuclear density. [27] Our first glimpses into the physics that exist near the center of a black hole are being made possible using "loop quantum gravity"-a theory that uses quantum mechanics to extend gravitational physics beyond Einstein's theory of general relativity. [26] In the shadowy regions of black holes two fundamental theories describing our world collide. Can these problems be resolved and do black holes really exist? First, we may have to see one and scientists are trying to do just this. [25] The authors suggest that this virtual reality simulation could be useful for studying HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/black+holes/" black holes. [24] Every galaxy is thought to harbor a supermassive black hole in the center, or nucleus, of the galaxy, and in active galaxies this black hole is fed by infalling matter. [23]
Category: Astrophysics

[1896] viXra:1901.0037 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-03 09:08:10

Big Bang Without Bang

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 3 pages

The Big Bang conception of main stream physics states that at the initial point there was an enormously high temperature. This does not explain the very low temperature of CMB radiation and existence of primordial pure hydrogen stars which cannot be generated at high temperatures. The article discloses a new statement that initially there was absolute zero of Kelvin degrees. The matter was in Bose-Einstein condensate state and slowly warmed up.
Category: Astrophysics

[1895] viXra:1901.0035 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-03 09:36:51

Dark Matter Heating

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

Scientists have found evidence that dark matter can be heated up and moved around, as a result of star formation in galaxies. [22] Today, an international group of researchers, including Carnegie Mellon University's Rachel Mandelbaum, released the deepest wide field map of the three-dimensional distribution of matter in the universe ever made and increased the precision of constraints for dark energy with the Hyper Suprime-Cam survey (HSC). [21] Scientists are hoping to understand one of the most enduring mysteries in cosmology by simulating its effect on the clustering of galaxies. [20] The U.S. Department of Energy has approved nearly $1 million in funding for the research team, which has been tasked with leveraging large-scale computer simulations and developing new statistical methods to help us better understand these fundamental forces. [19] According to a new study, they could also potentially detect dark matter, if dark matter is composed of a particular kind of particle called a "dark photon." [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called "dark photons" in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron-proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1894] viXra:1901.0012 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-03 01:50:00

An ab Initio Definition of Life Pertaining to Astrobiology

Authors: Ian von Hegner
Comments: 12 Pages.

Many definitions of life have been put forward in the course of time, but none however has apparently emerged that entirely has been able to encapsulate life. Putting forward an adequate definition is not a simple matter to do, this despite many seems to believe they have an intuitive understanding of what it’s meant when they state something is life. Yet it is important to do so, because we ourselves, individually and collectively, are life, entailing an importance in itself. Furthermore, humankind’s capability to look for life on other planets is steadily becoming a real possibility. But in order to realize that search a definition of life is required. Progress has been made though. Life is a complex, but natural phenomena that emerged and has been maintained under the dual demands of thermodynamics and evolution. Thus, any definition of life must include thermodynamics specifically and evolution generally. A definition of life can be obtained through the application of first principles from physics, chemistry and biology. It must encapsulate the minimal properties shared between all life, and demonstrate that the interconnected aspects of life are unique for precisely life, that it collectively does things other phenomena do not, and describe what life is. Thus, the following ab initio definition can be put forward: LifeTerrra is a genome-containing, self-sustaining chemical dissipative system that maintains its localized level of organization at the expense of producing environmental entropy; that has developed its numerous characteristics through pluripotential Darwinian evolution.
Category: Astrophysics

[1893] viXra:1901.0011 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-01 10:40:40

Historic Flyby of Faraway World

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 54 Pages.

"As you celebrate New Year's Day, cast an eye upward and think for a moment about the amazing things our country and our species can do when we set our minds to it," Stern wrote in the New York Times on Monday. [32] Our senses are stuck in the past. There's a flash of lightning, and then seconds pass until we hear the rumble of distant thunder. We hear the past. [31] ESA's technical centre in the Netherlands has begun running a pulsar-based clock. The "PulChron' system measures the passing of time using millisecond-frequency radio pulses from multiple fast-spinning neutron stars. [30] VR is an almost perfect avenue for this approach, since it has been surging in popularity as both entertainment and an educational tool. [29] Using MAGIC telescopes and NASA's Fermi spacecraft, an international team of astronomers has discovered a new source of very high energy gamma-ray emission around the supernova remnant (SNR) G24.7+0.6. [28] In 1973, Russian physicist A.B. Migdal predicted the phenomenon of pion condensation above a critical, extremely high-several times higher than that for normal matter-nuclear density. [27] Our first glimpses into the physics that exist near the center of a black hole are being made possible using "loop quantum gravity"-a theory that uses quantum mechanics to extend gravitational physics beyond Einstein's theory of general relativity. [26] In the shadowy regions of black holes two fundamental theories describing our world collide. Can these problems be resolved and do black holes really exist? First, we may have to see one and scientists are trying to do just this. [25] The authors suggest that this virtual reality simulation could be useful for studying HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/black+holes/" black holes. [24] Every galaxy is thought to harbor a supermassive black hole in the center, or nucleus, of the galaxy, and in active galaxies this black hole is fed by infalling matter. [23] A new study by researchers at the University of Colorado Boulder finds that violent crashes may be more effective at activating black holes than more peaceful mergers. [22]
Category: Astrophysics

[1892] viXra:1901.0002 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-01 01:55:48

Quantum Boom Theory

Authors: Seamus McCelt
Comments: 16 Pages.

Neutrinos dominate the universe. They floated around in literally empty void nichts space for trillions & trillions of years - even an eternity.
Then when they decided to start popping - the universe started.
Boooom! Let there be Light (tension and vibrations).

● The Microcosmic Boom: Everything actually was schmooshed into something the size of a proton. But, it is NOT just one "singularity" the size of a proton - it is the uncountable number of neutrinos.
The fabric of space is created from expansion of neutrinos.
The neutrino "decay" (expansion) is just a simple shape change. Think popcorn popping.

● Expansion: A neutrino is a balled-up unit of space - like a quantum ball of spaghetti.
Whenever a neutrino decays (loses cohesion, loses shape), it "expands" - meaning it changes shape from a balled-up proton size to full length threads commandeering about the size of an atom.

● No Center: Correct. The universe is actually infinity, so, there is no center.
The neutrinos must be "expanding" at an high enough rate where there is a noticeable effect in the universe.
It is hard to believe but they actually would be "expanding" space and nothing would be moving.
More and more "space" is actually being magically created but, it is from the expansion (decay) of neutrinos.
Neutrinos "decay" into the fabric of space (it is only a shape change).
Category: Astrophysics

[1891] viXra:1812.0476 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-30 05:48:29

See Far Back in Time

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Our senses are stuck in the past. There's a flash of lightning, and then seconds pass until we hear the rumble of distant thunder. We hear the past. [31] ESA's technical centre in the Netherlands has begun running a pulsar-based clock. The "PulChron' system measures the passing of time using millisecond-frequency radio pulses from multiple fast-spinning neutron stars. [30] VR is an almost perfect avenue for this approach, since it has been surging in popularity as both entertainment and an educational tool. [29] Using MAGIC telescopes and NASA's Fermi spacecraft, an international team of astronomers has discovered a new source of very high energy gamma-ray emission around the supernova remnant (SNR) G24.7+0.6. [28] In 1973, Russian physicist A.B. Migdal predicted the phenomenon of pion condensation above a critical, extremely high-several times higher than that for normal matter-nuclear density. [27] Our first glimpses into the physics that exist near the center of a black hole are being made possible using "loop quantum gravity"-a theory that uses quantum mechanics to extend gravitational physics beyond Einstein's theory of general relativity. [26] In the shadowy regions of black holes two fundamental theories describing our world collide. Can these problems be resolved and do black holes really exist? First, we may have to see one and scientists are trying to do just this. [25] The authors suggest that this virtual reality simulation could be useful for studying HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/black+holes/" black holes. [24] Every galaxy is thought to harbor a supermassive black hole in the center, or nucleus, of the galaxy, and in active galaxies this black hole is fed by infalling matter. [23] A new study by researchers at the University of Colorado Boulder finds that violent crashes may be more effective at activating black holes than more peaceful mergers. [22] For the first time, a team of astronomers has observed several pairs of galaxies in the final stages of merging together into single, larger galaxies. [21]
Category: Astrophysics

[1890] viXra:1812.0473 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-29 19:03:17

Theory of Matter Creation (Lorentz Length Contraction Reason) (II)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 42 Pages.

The Matter Creation: 1-The Energy is found before any Matter Birth 2-The Energy is in motion (always) 3-The Energy motion creates relativistic effects (because the Energy has different velocities in her motion) 4-Lorentz Length Contraction effect causes to concentrate the Energy (Hypothesis) 5-The matter is created from the Energy based on the quantum standardization 6-The Space is Energy but has different Energy density… 7-There's a higher velocity in the solar group causes relativistic effects 8-We can't observe this higher velocity but we can observe the relativistic effects on the distances and periods values in the solar group… 9-These relativistic effects effect on Earth moon orbit, causes length contraction effect which enable the moon orbit to store the solar group main energy.
Category: Astrophysics

[1889] viXra:1812.0469 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-30 04:42:53

Distant Spinning Stars

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

ESA's technical centre in the Netherlands has begun running a pulsar-based clock. The "PulChron' system measures the passing of time using millisecond-frequency radio pulses from multiple fast-spinning neutron stars. [30] VR is an almost perfect avenue for this approach, since it has been surging in popularity as both entertainment and an educational tool. [29] Using MAGIC telescopes and NASA's Fermi spacecraft, an international team of astronomers has discovered a new source of very high energy gamma-ray emission around the supernova remnant (SNR) G24.7+0.6. [28] In 1973, Russian physicist A.B. Migdal predicted the phenomenon of pion condensation above a critical, extremely high—several times higher than that for normal matter— nuclear density. [27]
Category: Astrophysics

[1888] viXra:1812.0460 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-28 15:45:41

Most Mass-Dependent Isotope Fractionation is Due to Stellar Evolution (Planet Formation)

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 4 Pages.

Isotope fractionation means the separation of specific isotopes of a specific element. Say, O-17 is heavier than O-16 so it will sink easier into a star because it is heavier. This is mass dependent isotope fractionation. Most isotope fractionation taught by mainstream only include mass independent fractionation, meaning they are searching for separation of isotopes without mass being a factor. In this paper it is explained firstly that lighter isotopes can escape the star, leaving heavier ones to sink. This leads to the idea that the large percentage of a galactic bodies' isotope fractionation is due to its evolutionary history, and is directly based on mass dependent fractionation. Explanation is provided.
Category: Astrophysics

[1887] viXra:1812.0459 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-28 18:18:38

Theory of Matter Creation (Lorentz Length Contraction Reason) (part I)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 9 Pages.

The Matter Creation Steps: 1-The Energy is found before any Matter Birth 2-The Energy is found in motion (always) 3-The Energy motion creates relativistic effects (because the Energy has different velocities in her motion) 4-Lorentz Length Contraction effect causes to concentrate the Energy (Hypothesis) 5-The matter is created from the Energy based on the quantum standardization 6-The Space is Energy but has different Energy density…
Category: Astrophysics

[1886] viXra:1812.0449 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-29 05:11:00

Virtual Reality Experience

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

VR is an almost perfect avenue for this approach, since it has been surging in popularity as both entertainment and an educational tool. [29] Using MAGIC telescopes and NASA's Fermi spacecraft, an international team of astronomers has discovered a new source of very high energy gamma-ray emission around the supernova remnant (SNR) G24.7+0.6. [28] In 1973, Russian physicist A.B. Migdal predicted the phenomenon of pion condensation above a critical, extremely high—several times higher than that for normal matter— nuclear density. [27] Our first glimpses into the physics that exist near the center of a black hole are being made possible using "loop quantum gravity"—a theory that uses quantum mechanics to extend gravitational physics beyond Einstein's theory of general relativity. [26] In the shadowy regions of black holes two fundamental theories describing our world collide. Can these problems be resolved and do black holes really exist? First, we may have to see one and scientists are trying to do just this. [25]
Category: Astrophysics

[1885] viXra:1812.0448 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-29 05:30:01

Brief History of Black Holes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

Late in 2018, the gravitational wave observatory, LIGO, announced that they had detected the most distant and massive source of ripples of spacetime ever monitored: waves triggered by pairs of black holes colliding in deep space. [21] Answering the question "How did galaxies form and evolve during the 13.8-billion-year history of the universe?" has been one top issue in modern astronomy. [20] If someone were to venture into one of these relatively benign black holes, they could survive, but their past would be obliterated and they could have an infinite number of possible futures. [19] The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters—it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there’s a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17]
Category: Astrophysics

[1884] viXra:1812.0446 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-27 08:25:34

High Energy Gamma-Ray Emission

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

Using MAGIC telescopes and NASA's Fermi spacecraft, an international team of astronomers has discovered a new source of very high energy gamma-ray emission around the supernova remnant (SNR) G24.7+0.6. [28] In 1973, Russian physicist A.B. Migdal predicted the phenomenon of pion condensation above a critical, extremely high—several times higher than that for normal matter— nuclear density. [27]
Category: Astrophysics

[1883] viXra:1812.0434 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-26 11:12:03

Earth Circumference

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 6 Pages.

Why Earth Circumference =40080 km? Let's summarize the story in following: -Earth daily motion is Energy (2.58 million km), Earth does it daily -On the first day, Earth sent her daily motion energy (2.58mkm) toward the moon orbit on the horizontal axis … -There are relativistic effects in the space between Earth the moon caused by v1=0.99c which caused a rate = 7.1 -Earth daily energy(2.58 mkm) faced these relativistic effects, and Earth daily energy is contracted by the rate 7.1 which produces the equation 2.58 mkm =7.1 x 0.363 mkm (perigee radius =0.363 mkm) where the Energy stopped here! -So Perigee radius is created firstly from Earth daily energy, but Earth energy is stopped at perigee point (r=0.363 mkm) and can't move further That's Why…. -On the second day, Earth sent her daily motion (2.58 mkm) toward the sun on the vertical axis…. to avoid the contraction effect -Earth daily Energy (2.58 mkm) reaches to the sun, where the sun absorbs this energy and reflects it towed Pluto….so the Energy 2.58 mkm is sent from the sun to Pluto -In the way Earth Daily Energy (2.58mkm) received a great effect from Uranus and sent it again toward Pluto -Earth Daily Energy (2.58 mkm) reaches to Pluto who will send this same energy toward the moon orbit (Energy transportation process depends on r=0.406 mkm) -Earth Energy (2.58mkm) is sent from Pluto to Apogee circumference =2.58 mkm which makes apogee radius = 406000km -Earth Energy which consist the moon apogee circumference wants to move deeper toward the Earth body, but this energy again faces the relativistic effects from the other side so the contraction is done by the rate 1.0725 -Earth Energy tried 2 times to move deeper toward the Earth body starting from apogee orbit…. oIn first time the apogee circumference 2.58 mkm (r=0406mkm) is contracted to produce the moon orbit average circumference 2.41 mkm (r=0.384mkm) and the energy is stopped here again… oIn the second time the Energy at apogee radius r= 0.406 mkm faces the relativistic effects and produce the total solar eclipse radius r= 0.378 mkm and stopped here…. But -The moon orbit energy had to reach to Earth body to complete the process because the moon orbit is created from Earth daily motion energy, so the distance between apogee (r=0.406 mkm) and perigee (r=0.363 mkm) (which is an Energy), this distance (0.406 mkm – 0.363 mkm = 43000km) is contracted by the rate 1.0725 mkm and reach to the Earth through Perigee point which is the only point connected with the Earth body directly -43000 km = 1.0725 x 40080 km (Earth Circumference =40080 km) -Earth rotates around her axis daily producing this distance =40080 km = Earth Circumference …. That means Earth Circumference is created by this process and the previous story was related to Earth motion Energy before the matter birth. -That means the energy from higher points (apogee, average and total solar eclipse radiuses) will be sent to Perigee point because it is the only point is connected to the Earth directly… -Who will carry the Energy from higher to lower points?….. The Moon…. -Now we can see why the three points are distinguish from perigee point because they receive their energy by 2 different trajectories of Energy…. This story proves we have discussed in my previous paper " The Solar Day Production"
Category: Astrophysics

[1882] viXra:1812.0426 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-25 13:30:53

The Solar Day Production

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 18 Pages.

The solar planets different motions are working as gears motions have different rates of time, they use Light Motion Energy for 1 second period and produce this same Energy in 1 Day Period of a Planet Motion… And by this process the solar planets transform the period of 1 second into 1 day period which produces the solar day… The solar Day production is the solar planets different motions main job.
Category: Astrophysics

[1881] viXra:1812.0396 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-22 07:39:52

Pion Condensation of Neutron Stars

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

In 1973, Russian physicist A.B. Migdal predicted the phenomenon of pion condensation above a critical, extremely high—several times higher than that for normal matter— nuclear density. [27] Our first glimpses into the physics that exist near the center of a black hole are being made possible using "loop quantum gravity"—a theory that uses quantum mechanics to extend gravitational physics beyond Einstein's theory of general relativity. [26]
Category: Astrophysics

[1880] viXra:1812.0393 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-22 16:35:00

Iron/Nickel Ratio Stability in Young Stars to Stellar Guts (Meteorites)

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 pages of handwritten notes

The ratio of iron/nickel in young stars predicts the ratio of their remains for their most evolved state, and into stages where they have completely disintegrated into small asteroids. For example, the Sun which has iron/nickel abundance ratio of 92% to 8% will remain the same as it evolves. This means when the Sun has evolved to its most evolved state, the iron/nickel meteorites it will produce will have a similar ratio of iron to nickel. Other elements are not considered, but will be in the future to make this hypothesis more exacting. This is only to serve as a starting point for drawing conclusions concerning the origins of meteorites and why they all have different ratios. They are stellar guts from different long destroyed stars, per the Krypton Hypothesis. Two pages of hand written notes follow.
Category: Astrophysics

[1879] viXra:1812.0366 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-20 10:42:43

Quantum Sensor for Satellite Gravimetry

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

NASA and the Sunnyvale, California-based AOSense, Inc., have successfully built and demonstrated a prototype quantum sensor capable of obtaining highly sensitive and accurate gravity measurements-a stepping stone toward next-generation geodesy, hydrology, and climate-monitoring missions in space. [21] Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, ETH Zurich, and Argonne National Laboratory, U.S, have described an extended quantum Maxwell's demon, a device locally violating the second law of thermodynamics in a system located one to five meters away from the demon. [20] "We've experimentally confirmed the connection between information in the classical case and the quantum case," Murch said, "and we're seeing this new effect of information loss." [19] It's well-known that when a quantum system is continuously measured, it freezes, i.e., it stops changing, which is due to a phenomenon called the quantum Zeno effect. [18] Physicists have extended one of the most prominent fluctuation theorems of classical stochastic thermodynamics, the Jarzynski equality, to quantum field theory. [17] In 1993, physicist Lucien Hardy proposed an experiment showing that there is a small probability (around 6-9%) of observing a particle and its antiparticle interacting with each other without annihilating-something that is impossible in classical physics. [16] Scientists at the University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland, recently reengineered their data processing, demonstrating that 16 million atoms were entangled in a one-centimetre crystal. [15] The fact that it is possible to retrieve this lost information reveals new insight into the fundamental nature of quantum measurements, mainly by supporting the idea that quantum measurements contain both quantum and classical components. [14] Researchers blur the line between classical and quantum physics by connecting chaos and entanglement. [13]
Category: Astrophysics

[1878] viXra:1812.0360 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-21 02:58:46

Black Hole Singularity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

Our first glimpses into the physics that exist near the center of a black hole are being made possible using "loop quantum gravity"—a theory that uses quantum mechanics to extend gravitational physics beyond Einstein's theory of general relativity. [26] In the shadowy regions of black holes two fundamental theories describing our world collide. Can these problems be resolved and do black holes really exist? First, we may have to see one and scientists are trying to do just this. [25]
Category: Astrophysics

[1877] viXra:1812.0353 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-19 06:10:38

Black Holes Mass Density and Definition of the Maximum Energy of Stability for a Particle

Authors: Peiman Ghasemi
Comments: 4 Pages.

Black holes mass density equations and definition of the maximum energy of stability for a particle
Category: Astrophysics

[1876] viXra:1812.0342 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-19 17:38:24

Electromagnetic Causes Photon Deflection Experiment Report

Authors: Weixiong Huang
Comments: 3 Pages.

Einstein believes that gravity causes photon deflection. This created the black hole theory. Huang Weixiong's theory of magneton believes that electromagnetic causes photon deflection. This experiment proves that electromagnetic causes photon deflection. This experiment proves that electromagnetic causes photons to rotate.
Category: Astrophysics

[1875] viXra:1812.0341 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-19 17:41:09

Fermi Bubble Negation Black Hole Theory

Authors: Weixiong Huang
Comments: 3 Pages.

Einstein believes that gravity causes photon deflection. This created the black hole theory. Fermi bubbles prove that the reason for photon deflection is not gravity, but magnetic force. Thus negating the black hole theory.
Category: Astrophysics

[1874] viXra:1812.0335 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-20 02:21:56

Astrophysical Phenomena

Authors: Solomon Budnik
Comments: 6 Pages.

This paper substantiates the true origins of our universe and black holes beyond the Standard Model and opens new frontiers to NextGen astrophysical research and observations
Category: Astrophysics

[1873] viXra:1812.0318 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-18 14:42:59

Sunqm-3s9: Using {N,n} QM to Explain the Sunspot Drift, the Continental Drift, and Sun’s and Earth’s Magnetic Dynamo

Authors: Yi Cao
Comments: 20 Pages.

In this paper, a Ylm cycle model with two phases has been proposed. In phase-1 of Ylm cycle, nLL effect induces a |nLL> mode mass peaking and upwelling below the surface of an {N,n}o orbit shell, and generates a equatorial fast flow stream at the surface. As phase-1 progress, the equatorial fast flow stream gets narrower and shallower, and eventually diminished. In phase-2 of Ylm cycle, |n,L,m=0..L-1> modes cause mass peaking and upwelling below the surface of the same {N,n}o orbit shell but at high latitude region, and generates an effective equatorial slow flow stream at the surface. This (equivalent) slow flow stream also gets narrower and shallower, and eventually diminished. This single model has been used to explain the sunspot drift on Sun’s surface, the continental drift on Earth surface, and both Sun’s and Earth’s magnetic dynamo. The alternation between two phases of Ylm cycle not only alternates the orientation of Sun’s (or Earth’s) magnetic field, but also supports the supercontinent cycle model. Under this model, the apparent random drift of post-Pangaea continents can be nicely depicted as an expected hydrodynamic result of a broken dam through a mouth located near the south end of South America continent. In papers of SunQM-3s6, SunQM-3s7, and SunQM-3s8, I used radial wave function R(nl) to predict the mass density r-distribution for all planets and Sun, plus the QM structure evolution for rocky planets and Sun. In papers of SunQM-3s3 and SunQM-3s9, I used spherical wave function Y(lm) to explain planets’ and Sun’s atmosphere movement, surface (or mantle) movement, and internal mass movement. Therefore, results from all these papers reveal that for all planets and stars, not only they were formed and evolved under planet’s (or star’s) QM, but the current movement of their internal mass is also determined by the planet’s (or star’s) QM.
Category: Astrophysics

[1872] viXra:1812.0309 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-17 07:45:06

Next-Generation GPS Satellites

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 27 Pages.

After months of delays, the U.S. Air Force is about to launch the first of a new generation of GPS satellites, designed to be more accurate, secure and versatile. [22] A RUDN employee and Brazilian colleagues have called into question the concept of using stable wormholes as portals to different points of space-time. [21] CfA astronomer David James was a member of a large international team systematically searching for new gravitationally lensed quasars. [20] For the first time astronomers have detected gravitational waves from a merged, hyper-massive neutron star. [19] A group of scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) at the University of Copenhagen will soon start developing a new line of technical equipment in order to dramatically improve gravitational wave detectors. [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called "dark photons" in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron-proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1871] viXra:1812.0304 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-17 11:52:08

Event Horizons and the Ideal Gas Law

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 4 Pages.

instead of temporal elasticity, we examine time near an event horizon using the ideal gas law to frame the problem, some paradoxes are revealed when we consider antimatter
Category: Astrophysics

[1870] viXra:1812.0302 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-17 13:57:38

Sunqm-3s7: Predict Mass Density R-Distribution for Gas/ice Planets Based on {N,n} QM Probability Distribution

Authors: Yi Cao
Comments: 11 Pages.

Using the same method developed in paper SunQM-3s6, the (close to the true) mass density r-distribution for gas/ice planets has been estimated based on {N,n} QM probability distribution. Based on this calculation (as well as on other scientists’ calculation), the center core mass density for Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and the undiscovered {3,2} planet (if it does formed) are estimated to be: ~ 26000 kg/m^3, ~ 23000 kg/m^3, ~ 16500 kg/m^3, ~ 17000 kg/m^3, and ~ 16000 kg/m^3 respectively. The results from this paper (as well as from papers of SunQM-3s6 and SunQM-3s8) strongly suggest that all planets and stars were formed and evolved under planet's (or star's) QM.
Category: Astrophysics

[1869] viXra:1812.0282 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-16 11:49:22

Hubble's Ultraviolet Vision

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

Hubble's ultraviolet vision opens up a new window on the evolving universe, tracking the birth of stars over the last 11 billion years up to the busiest star-forming period in the cosmos, which happened about three billion years after the big bang. [22] A RUDN employee and Brazilian colleagues have called into question the concept of using stable wormholes as portals to different points of space-time. [21] CfA astronomer David James was a member of a large international team systematically searching for new gravitationally lensed quasars. [20] For the first time astronomers have detected gravitational waves from a merged, hyper-massive neutron star. [19] A group of scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) at the University of Copenhagen will soon start developing a new line of technical equipment in order to dramatically improve gravitational wave detectors. [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called "dark photons" in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron-proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1868] viXra:1812.0280 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-16 13:29:41

Stellar Metamorphosis vs. Columbia University and Forbes Magazine

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 3 Pages. 2 references

There is a clear disconnect between Columbia University and writers for Forbes Magazine. The problem that media causes astronomy is made clear. The statement is very simple so as to not confuse the public. In a paper written by Columbia University researchers there are 4 types of worlds, in a Forbes article writer Ethan Siegal states that there are only 3 types of worlds, which directly references the very article that contradicts his statement. This means there is a direct disconnect between writers/editors of magazines and researchers. This issue can be cleared up with stellar metamorphosis. There are no distinct types of worlds, as stellar evolution is continuous, stars cool, shrink and lose mass becoming planets/exoplanets and moons. Explanation with pictures from the arxiv site and Forbes are provided with references.
Category: Astrophysics

[1867] viXra:1812.0272 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-17 03:40:51

Ferent Equation of the Material and Spiritual Universe

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 270 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

Ferent equation of the material and spiritual Universe Scientists from the Pontifical Academy of Sciences, like Edward Witten, Paul Berg, Juan Martin Maldacena…were not able to discover a Transdisciplinarity equation or an equation to link Matter with Spiritual Matter. The greatest scientists tried to unify Science and Spirituality and to write a Transdisciplinarity equation without success. I am the first who discovered a Transdisciplinarity equation; the Ferent equation of the Soul. There are 3 walls in our Universe: the Planck wall with the constant ‘h’, the Ferent wall with the constant ‘a’ and the Spiritual wall with the constant ‘s’. At the Planck wall emerged Matter, at the Ferent wall emerged Dark Matter and at the Spiritual wall emerged Spiritual Matter. The most general form, is the time-dependent Ferent equation of the Universe, which gives a description of the Universe as quantum system made of Matter, Dark Matter and Spiritual Matter evolving in time. The most general form of the time-dependent Ferent equation of the Universe. “Ferent equation of the material and spiritual Universe:” Adrian Ferent Where: |Ψ(r,t)> – is the state vector of the Universe r and t are the position vector and time h – is the Planck constant a – is the Ferent constant s – is the Spiritual constant The evolution of N elementary particles quantum system is governed through the Ferent equation for N elementary particles. The time-dependent Ferent equation of the Universe, which gives a description of the Universe as quantum system, made of Matter, N elementary particles, Dark Matter, M elementary particles, and Spiritual Matter, L elementary particles, evolving in time. “Ferent equation of the material and spiritual Universe:” Adrian Ferent Where: Ψ – the wave function of the Universe, material and spiritual m1i – the mass of Matter elementary particle i m2j – the mass of Dark Matter elementary particle j m3k – the mass of Spiritual Matter elementary particle k r1N – the position of Matter elementary particle N r2M – the position of Dark Matter elementary particle M r3L – the position of Spiritual Matter elementary particle L 158. I am the first who discovered the Ferent equation of the Soul 159. I am the first who discovered the Ferent equation of the material and spiritual Universe
Category: Astrophysics

[1866] viXra:1812.0251 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-14 10:20:21

Travel Through Wormholes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

A RUDN employee and Brazilian colleagues have called into question the concept of using stable wormholes as portals to different points of space-time. [21] CfA astronomer David James was a member of a large international team systematically searching for new gravitationally lensed quasars. [20] For the first time astronomers have detected gravitational waves from a merged, hyper-massive neutron star. [19] A group of scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) at the University of Copenhagen will soon start developing a new line of technical equipment in order to dramatically improve gravitational wave detectors. [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called "dark photons" in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron-proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1865] viXra:1812.0241 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-13 08:50:51

Secrets of the Sun

Authors: Bernard Riley
Comments: 3 pages

When measured in Planck units the vital parameters of the sun take particular values.
Category: Astrophysics

[1864] viXra:1812.0234 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-14 00:26:43

The Big Burst

Authors: Seamus McCelt
Comments: 5 Pages.

Everyone has heard of various possible ends of the universe:
The Big Crunch, The Big Bounce, The Big Rip, The Big Freeze, etc.

Here is another...
The Big Burst - Welcome to the End of the World.
There will be a massive energy burst released by neutrinos into the fabric-of-space.
Then a massive drop-off in tension caused by too much "fabric" per given volume.
The fabric-of-space - that is the universe as we know it - becomes something like a floppy 3-D tennis net.
First Law? Energy? Gravity? Light? Heat? Pooof, Gone!
There will NOT even be time happening (as we know it).
Category: Astrophysics

[1863] viXra:1812.0228 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-12 06:27:35

Equal Sized Rigid String Based New Black Holes do not Merge But, Form Herbig Haro Systems.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 24 Pages.

Equal sized Rigid String based Black Holes do not merge but, form Herbig Haro systems with a White Hole (also called Wormhole) in the middle as the center of plasma jet production. Clear example of a star forming Herbig Haro system HH34: two equal sized stringy Stellar Anchor Black Holes (negative charged SABHs / Bowshocks) with plasma Sink (White Hole) in the middle for pressure cooker star formation. (Quantum FFF Model). According to Einstein cosmology, a Wormhole is the opposite of a Black Hole. In Q-FFF Theory however, a Wormhole is a diluted spacetime area of the oscillating Axion Higgs lattice vacuum in between two or even more equal sized stringy black holes nuclei. Diluted spacetime area means, a vacuum lattice with longest Planck lattices of the surrounding area.
Category: Astrophysics

[1862] viXra:1812.0200 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-12 03:07:28

The Moon Orbital Motion

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 3 Pages.

Abstract Why Earth daily motion 2.58 mkm = The moon orbital circumference at apogee radius r=0.406 mkm (Apogee radius is the longest distance between the Earth and Moon)? Conclusion: The Moon orbital motion depends on relativistic effects are found in the moon orbit. Introduction Paper Main Hypothesis: The rate 1.0725 is found by lorentz relativities effects (Apogee orbital Circumference 2.58/Moon orbital circumference 2.41) =1.0725 The Hypothesis Explanation: (28.3 deg Neptune axial tilt/ 26.7 deg. Saturn axial tilt)= (26.7 deg. Saturn axial tilt/ 25.2 deg. Mars axial tilt) = (25.2 deg. Mars axial tilt/ 23.4 deg. Earth axial tilt) =1.0725 The previous equation explain the hypothesis 28.3 degrees (Neptune axial tilt) is the main value which is contracted by lorentz effect (1.0725) to produce 26.7 deg (Saturn axial tilt) which also is contracted again to produce 25.2 deg. (Mars axial tilt) and then contracted again to produce 23.4 deg. (Earth axial tilt) so these 4 values are one value but the difference is found by relativistic effects (The prove of this rate 1.0725 will be discussed in point no. 3) -The moon orbital motion The moon moves 2.58 mkm daily = Earth motion daily (otherwise they will be separated from each other) If there's no relativistic effects in the solar system, the moon should be seen as a bright stationary point in the sky because Earth and Moon move by the same velocity. But Because of the relativistic effects this value (2.58 mkm) will be contracted with the rate 1.0725 to produce the value 2.41 mkm (Note please/ The length contraction rate 1.0725 we have discussed clearly in my previous paper) So the moon daily motion =2.58 mkm but this value is seen =2.41mkm (because of lorentz length contraction phenomenon) The difference between both = 0.17 mkm which causes The Moon Daily Displacement (0.17 mkm = 2 x 88000km) Why the difference 0.17 mkm = 2 x moon daily displacement 88000km? may that occur because of the motions opposite directions.
Category: Astrophysics

[1861] viXra:1812.0175 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-09 06:18:51

PPPL Plasma Experiment

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 81 Pages.

As on Earth, so in space. A four-satellite mission that is studying magnetic reconnection—the breaking apart and explosive reconnection of the magnetic field lines in plasma that occurs throughout the universe—has found key aspects of the process in space to be strikingly similar to those found in experiments at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL). [43] Researchers at MIT's Plasma Science and Fusion Center (PSFC) have now demonstrated how microwaves can be used to overcome barriers to steady-state tokamak operation. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning—all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40] The authors designed a mechanism based on the deployment of a transport barrier to confine the particles and prevent them from moving from one region of the accelerator to another. "There is strong experimental evidence that there is indeed some new physics lurking in the lepton sector," Dev said. [38] Now, in a new result unveiled today at the Neutrino 2018 conference in Heidelberg, Germany, the collaboration has announced its first results using antineutrinos, and has seen strong evidence of muon antineutrinos oscillating into electron antineutrinos over long distances, a phenomenon that has never been unambiguously observed. [37] The Precision Reactor Oscillation and Spectrum Experiment (PROSPECT) has completed the installation of a novel antineutrino detector that will probe the possible existence of a new form of matter. [36]
Category: Astrophysics

[1860] viXra:1812.0160 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-10 04:41:31

Pluto Velocity Analysis

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 12 Pages.

Earth velocity daily (2.58 mkm) = Pluto velocity daily (0.406 mkm) x 2π The previous relationship is found based on 2 reasons –at least- which are: 1-Earth and Pluto are the 2 ends of the solar group main energy trajectory. 2-Earth and Pluto Relationship is found through the moon orbit (Earth moon orbit) This paper tries to prove these facts.
Category: Astrophysics

[1859] viXra:1812.0134 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-07 13:00:59

Negative Mass as a Driver for Cosmic Inflation and Dark Energy

Authors: Mark Ridler
Comments: 6 Pages.

I have conducted n-body simulations of a model universe. Initial conditions include a uniform mix of 4 types of particle: positive and negative charge and positive and negative mass. A "cold collapse" scenario is used, except that only parts of the model collapse, the rest expands. I contend that this is compatible with the known universe and a viable solution to the Dark Energy puzzle. Also discussed is a possible solution to the Dark Matter puzzle. This relies on the self-attractive effects of negative mass.
Category: Astrophysics

[1858] viXra:1812.0132 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-07 16:10:26

The Moon Motion is A Relativistic Motion

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 8 Pages.

Hypothesis: The Moon is a physical point moves with light velocity (0.3million /sec), for that reason the moon motion causes relativistic effects The Moon Daily Motion -The moon moves 2.58 mkm daily = Earth daily motion (otherwise they will be separated from each other) -If there's no relativistic effect the moon should be seen as a bright stationary point in the sky because Earth and Moon move by the same velocity. But -Because of the relativistic effects this value (2.58mkm) will be contracted with the same rate 1.0725 to produce the value 2.41 mkm (the rate 1.0725 we have discussed before clearly) -So the moon daily motion =2.58 mkm but this value is seen =2.41mkm -The difference between both = 0.17 mkm which causes the moon daily displacement (0.17 mkm = 2 x 88000km) -Why the difference 0.17 mkm = 2 x moon daily displacement 88000km? may that occur because of the motions opposite directions. -So this explanation shows easily how the moon move and proves also that the moon motion causes relativistic effects.
Category: Astrophysics

[1857] viXra:1812.0121 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-08 05:12:22

Gravity As A Unified Force

Authors: Mark Ridler
Comments: 15 Pages.

Model A is attractive; standard physics. Model AB is attractive / repulsive; Hermann Bondi. Model ABCD is likes vs opposites; non-standard physics. Also discussed is a is a new way of looking at Electron-Positron annihilation.
Category: Astrophysics

[1856] viXra:1812.0116 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-06 07:55:50

Why Energy has Different Forms?

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 2 Pages.

Energy different forms are created because of the observer different positions relative to it. Why the observer positions are different relative to the energy? The observer position changes according to the observer knowledge and realization… The universe is reflected from the human knowledge and logic
Category: Astrophysics

[1855] viXra:1812.0100 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-05 08:54:53

Dark Energy Mayall Telescope

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

Key components for the sky-mapping Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument (DESI), weighing about 12 tons, were hoisted atop the Mayall Telescope at Kitt Peak National Observatory (KPNO) near Tucson, Arizona, and bolted into place Wednesday, marking a major project milestone. [31] Scientists at the University of Oxford may have solved one of the biggest questions in modern physics, with a new paper unifying dark matter and dark energy into a single phenomenon: a fluid which possesses 'negative mass." [30] Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, have proposed a new experiment that makes use of super-dense stars to learn more about the interaction of dark matter with standard matter. [29] CfA astronomer Qirong Zhu led a group of four scientists investigating the possibility that today's dark HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/matter/" matter is composed of primordial black holes, following up on previously published suggestions. If galaxy halos are made of black holes, they should have a different density distribution than halos made of exotic particles. [28] A signal caused by the very first stars to form in the universe has been picked up by a tiny but highly specialised radio telescope in the remote Western Australian desert. [27]
Category: Astrophysics

[1854] viXra:1812.0096 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-05 09:44:47

Theoretical Dark Matter Hunt

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 54 Pages.

Collisions between dark matter and regular matter would be an excellent source of information on the still-unknown 80 % of all matter in our Universe. [32] Key components for the sky-mapping Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument (DESI), weighing about 12 tons, were hoisted atop the Mayall Telescope at Kitt Peak National Observatory (KPNO) near Tucson, Arizona, and bolted into place Wednesday, marking a major project milestone. [31] Scientists at the University of Oxford may have solved one of the biggest questions in modern physics, with a new paper unifying dark matter and dark energy into a single phenomenon: a fluid which possesses 'negative mass." [30] Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, have proposed a new experiment that makes use of super-dense stars to learn more about the interaction of dark matter with standard matter. [29] CfA astronomer Qirong Zhu led a group of four scientists investigating the possibility that today's dark HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/ matter/" matter is composed of primordial black holes, following up on previously published suggestions. If galaxy halos are made of black holes, they should have a different density distribution than halos made of exotic particles. [28] A signal caused by the very first stars to form in the universe has been picked up by a tiny but highly specialised radio telescope in the remote Western Australian desert. [27] This week, scientists from around the world who gathered at the University of California, Los Angeles, at the Dark Matter 2018 Symposium learned of new results in the search for evidence of the elusive material in Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) by the DarkSide-50 HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/detector/" detector. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25]
Category: Astrophysics

[1853] viXra:1812.0095 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-05 09:56:01

E = not Mc2 in Massless Black Holes According to Quantum FFF Theory.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 33 Pages.

According to Quantum FFF Theory, stable Black Holes are growing by "eating" the gravitating ( Casimir) pressure vacuum without the standard gravity related inertial effects, the result is that 1: Energy is not the same as Mass x c2 for Black Hole nuclei, in detail: Black Hole nuclei are massless they do not radiate EM or graviton radiation and they have no Inertia, but they gravitate by the absorption of the local oscillating Casimir Axion –Higgs pressure 2: Small BHs seem to concentrate around the central giant Galaxy BH . 3: Galaxy cluster mergers like Abell 520 overshoot and leaving behind their own Dark Matter content. Mass is the potency of rigid strings, to produce and radiate Gravitons as a collision product, between mass less ring shaped oscillating Axion Higgs vacuum field particles and Fermions or Bosons also called Dipole Repeller gravity or dipole Emergent Gravity.
Category: Astrophysics

[1852] viXra:1812.0063 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-05 05:16:56

Negative Dark Matter Mass

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Scientists at the University of Oxford may have solved one of the biggest questions in modern physics, with a new paper unifying dark matter and dark energy into a single phenomenon: a fluid which possesses 'negative mass." [30] Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, have proposed a new experiment that makes use of super-dense stars to learn more about the interaction of dark matter with standard matter. [29] CfA astronomer Qirong Zhu led a group of four scientists investigating the possibility that today's dark matter is composed of primordial black holes, following up on previously published suggestions. If galaxy halos are made of black holes, they should have a different density distribution than halos made of exotic particles. [28] A signal caused by the very first stars to form in the universe has been picked up by a tiny but highly specialised radio telescope in the remote Western Australian desert. [27] This week, scientists from around the world who gathered at the University of California, Los Angeles, at the Dark Matter 2018 Symposium learned of new results in the search for evidence of the elusive material in Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) by the DarkSide-50 detector. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] " We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark
Category: Astrophysics

[1851] viXra:1812.0060 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-03 07:11:29

Macroscopic by Microscopic Physics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 79 Pages.

A research group led by Yasuhiro Kuramitsu at Osaka University has revealed a magnetic reconnection driven by electron dynamics for the first time ever in laser-produced plasmas using the Gekko XII laser facility at the Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka University. [47] By using this method for microscopic failure analysis, researchers and manufacturers could improve the reliability of the MEMS components that they are developing, ranging from miniature robots and drones to tiny forceps for eye surgery and sensors to detect trace amounts of toxic chemicals. [46] A KAIST team developed an optical technique to change the color (frequency) of light using a spatiotemporal boundary. [45] Researchers from the Structured Light group from the School of Physics at the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa, have found a way to use the full beam of a laser single cells in a human body, tiny particles in small volume chemistry, or working on future on-chip devices. [44] This research work by the UEx, which has been published in Scientific Reports, explored the electromagnetic properties of specific materials that can make certain objects invisible when they are introduced into its interior. [43] A research team from ITMO University and the Australian National University has discovered that different metasurfaces exhibit the same behavior provided a symmetry breaking is introduced to their unit cells "meta-atoms."[42] Electron microscopy has allowed scientists to see individual atoms, but even at that resolution not everything is clear. [41] A half-century ago, the theorist Walter Henneberger wondered if it were possible to use a laser field to free an electron from its atom without removing it from the nucleus. [40] A new study by researchers at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) may explain this disparity. In the work, the OIST researchers measured electrical current across a two-dimensional plane. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38]
Category: Astrophysics

[1850] viXra:1812.0052 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-03 11:55:09

Black Holes

Authors: Peter V. Raktoe
Comments: 3 Pages.

A whirlpool on Earth has one jet due to gravity, so if gravity didn't apply to that whirlpool then it would have two jets. So why do we see two jets in a black hole or a galaxy?, because it's a whirlpool as well. And because a whirlpool always requires a medium that is made of loose particles, we can conclude that a black hole or a galaxy is an enormous invisible whirlpool in ether particles.
Category: Astrophysics

[1849] viXra:1812.0036 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-02 13:44:40

Pluto Data Shows a Relationship with Earth

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 4 Pages.

Earth Pluto Relationship disproves the solar group current theory And proves that the solar group is one geometrical structure
Category: Astrophysics

[1848] viXra:1811.0523 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-30 08:27:11

The Solar Group is One Geometrical Structure

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 4 Pages.

The Solar Group is One Geometrical Structure 1st Hypothesis The Solar Group Is Created From One Energy 2nd Hypothesis The Solar Group Is One Geometrical Structure 3rd Hypothesis The Planet mass and orbital distance is created from the same energy (Theory of Matter Creation) 4th Hypothesis The solar group moves based on a physical law and not in chaos because of the human mind effect on the universe (the planet motion and human knowledge relationship) 5th Hypothesis Earth Moon is The Solar Group Energy Motion indicator The Conclusions 1-The Solar Planets motions trajectory is a pyramid 2-The planet motion trajectory is a square and not an ellipse 3-The energy concentration in the moon orbit aims to produce the sun rays where the sun rays are produced on the moon orbit energy
Category: Astrophysics

[1847] viXra:1811.0516 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-30 17:47:33

Technische Anwendungen Zur Umwandlung Der Rotationsenergie Der Erde in Elektrische Energie in Theorie Und Praxis Teil 6

Authors: Robert Stach
Comments: 20 Pages.

Aufgezeigt werden Möglichkeiten zur Umwandlung der Rotationsenergie der Erde in elektrische Energie. Neben einem geschichtlichen Exkurs erfolgt die detaillierte Beschreibung der Anlagen. Es wird zudem aufgezeigt, wie sich die Winkelgeschwindigkeit der Präzessionsbewegung exakt berechnen lässt. Zum Schluss wird der Bezug zum Michelson- Experiment verdeutlicht, ebenso die sich daraus ergebenen Veränderungen für das 2. Postulat (Konstanz der Lichtgeschwindigkeit). Aufbauend auf den dargelegten physikalischen Gesetzmäßigkeiten erfolgt zum Ende des Manuskriptes die Einordnung der elektromagnetischen Strahlung in die bisherigen Theorien zur Dunklen Energie.
Category: Astrophysics

[1846] viXra:1811.0493 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-28 07:26:54

Molecules May Explain the Expansion of the Universe

Authors: Karan R.Takkhi
Comments: 15 pages, 6 tables, 6 graphs, 1 figure

The Hubble diagram continues to remain one of the most important graphical representations in the realm of astronomy and cosmology right from its genesis that depicts the velocity-distance relation for the receding large-scale structures within the observable Universe; it is the diagram that helps us to understand the expansion of the Universe. In this paper I introduce the molecular diffusion model in order to explain the expansion of the Universe. The molecular diffusion model considers the distribution of large-scale structures as molecules inside a vacuum chamber. Since large-scale structures are ensemble of atoms, therefore, they can be treated as molecules possessing finite amount of energy. Instead of considering that space is expanding, the paper emphasizes upon the actual recession of large-scale structures. The study conducted in this paper finds the recessional behaviour of large-scale structures to be consistent with the recessional behaviour of molecules. Redshift-distance relation has been plotted for 580 Type Ia supernovae from the Supernova Cosmology Project; the reason for the deviation of the Hubble diagram from exhibiting a linear redshift-distance relation for the structures belonging to the remote Universe has been explained by introducing the concept of “acceleration phase”. This concept further explains the reason for the observed accelerating expansion of the Universe. It is suggested through this concept that accelerating structures belonging to the remote Universe will attain a constant recessional velocity in future.
Category: Astrophysics

[1845] viXra:1811.0451 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-27 13:50:21

Pioneering Astrophysics in a Pennsylvania Garage

Authors: Savior F. Eason
Comments: 44.5 Pages. Quantum experimentation methods self-funded/Auto-sourced, and NSA approved. Other proofs or links to them not provided in paper

A little bit about my own research in my garage, and astronomical discoveries such as; -A new star based on the fusion of new exotic particles, fueled by core seeming to signal itself to be some sort of singularity, a concentration of Quantum displacement -A new kind of collapsar -Waves of temporal displacement, how this could be applied to space tech and what this means, and how gravitational waves have already proved hyper-space -Artificial spatial displacement replicated on a mind-blowing scale -Universe power sources, The nature of dark matter and dark energy exposed, and "Project: Junkship" -A new kind of celestial object -Explaining my own fully operational invention, "The Navigator", which would generate Quantum waves using planck-scale ripples in Space-time made using natural gravity, and use them to create a full-map of our entire universe beyond what we could observe or ever observe -The true nature of Hyperfluid space-time and "Hyperstrings" exposed in the latest data, as well as a true faith-leaping challenge I've tasked myself with in "Project: Portal" and other related projects. -"Pioneer" expeditions, Extraterrestrial searches, and laser probing data -Energy applications of Neurotomic Waves, Planck energy tests, and additional Quantum tests of Neurotomic waves, plus what these waves actually are -How the navigator detected the cosmic Mandelbrot -The irony of my research, how I plan on getting this out into the public more(Besides through this paper) It also ends with my own cosmic perspective and my philosophy for my research, which I think all scientists should live by to be successful and think bigger. (The paper additionally describes where to get more updates on my research)
Category: Astrophysics

[1844] viXra:1811.0426 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-26 10:25:11

Magnetic Fields in White Dwarfs

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 26 Pages.

Magnetic fields are present in a large variety of stars across the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram, during all evolutionary stages from pre-main sequence stars, to main sequence stars and evolved stars, up to the final stages when the star explodes as a supernova. [22] Based on a new theoretical model, a team of scientists explored the rich data archive of ESA's XMM-Newton and NASA's Chandra space observatories to find pulsating X-ray emission from three sources. [21] CfA astronomer David James was a member of a large international team systematically searching for new gravitationally lensed quasars. [20] For the first time astronomers have detected gravitational waves from a merged, hyper-massive neutron star. [19] A group of scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) at the University of Copenhagen will soon start developing a new line of technical equipment in order to dramatically improve gravitational wave detectors. [18]
Category: Astrophysics

[1843] viXra:1811.0422 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-26 16:29:43

The Moon Orbit Analysis

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 48 Pages.

The Moon Orbit Analysis Earth Moon motion has specific 4 points which are: 1.Perigee Point (R1): Radius 363000 km from Earth (the nearest point) 2.Total Solar Eclipse (R2): Radius 377000 km from Earth 3.Average Moon Orbit (R3) : Radius 384000 km (registered) 4.Apogee Point (R4): Radius 406000 km from Earth (the most far point) These 4 points are defined by 4 geometrical rules which are: -(1st Rule) Pythagoras rule : R2n + (86000km)2= R2n+1 (why 86000 km? we'll discuss that in this paper) -(2nd Rule) Moon Orbital Circumference at Rn= (1/Rn+1) -(3rd Rule) (Moon Orbital Circumference at Rn+1/ Moon Orbital Circumference at Rn) =1.0725 -(4th Rule) The Rate 365.25 This paper tries to prove this fact, and discusses more deep question… why the moon orbital different radiuses are defined by these 4 geometrical rules?
Category: Astrophysics

[1842] viXra:1811.0404 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-25 06:02:39

Towards Helmholtz’s Electron Vortex from Kolmogorov’s Theory of Turbulenc

Authors: Victor Christianto, Florentin Smarandache, Robert Neil Boyd
Comments: 23 Pages. This paper has been submitted to Applied Physics Letters. Your comments are welcome

In the present paper, these authors argue on actual reasons why Hilbert’s axiomatic program to unify gravitation theory and electromagnetism failed completely. An outline of plausible resolution of this problem is given here, based on: a) Gödel’s incompleteness theorem, b) Newton’s aether stream model. More experiments and observations are called to verify this new hypothesis, albeit it is inspired from Newton’s theory himself. A new theory of electron creation process was proposed based on Helmholtz's electron vortex and Kolmogorov's theory of turbulence.
Category: Astrophysics

[1841] viXra:1811.0402 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-25 06:05:22

A Few Calculations of Receding Moon from Spherical Kinetic Dynamics, Receding Planetary Orbits, and the Quantization of Celestial Motions

Authors: Victor Christianto, Florentin Smarandache, Robert Neil Boyd
Comments: 12 Pages. This paper has been submitted to EuroSciConf 2019. Your comments are welcome

The present article discusses some interesting phenomena including the Lense-Thirring type anomalous precession, using a known spherical kinetic dynamics approach. Other implications include a plausible revised version of the celestial quantization equation described by Nottale and Rubcic & Rubcic. If the proposition described herein corresponds to the facts, then this kinetic dynamics interpretation of ‘frame-dragging’ effect could be viewed as a step to unification between GTR-type phenomena and QM. Further observation to verify or refute this conjecture is recommended, plausibly using LAGEOS-type satellites. Keywords: Lense-Thirring effect, celestial quantization, LAGEOS satellite, boson condensation, gravitation
Category: Astrophysics

[1840] viXra:1811.0398 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-25 15:01:10

How to Destroy Dead Stars So They Can Be Recycled

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 4 Pages. 1 hand drawn illustration, 2 illustrations, 1 pie chart

Methods for destroying dead stars are shown. Some methods leave rings and disks, some asteroids, some meteorites, some giant interstellar dust clouds. This is all based on the discovery outlined via stellar metamorphosis. All stars evolve into what scientists call "planet/exoplanet". This means planets are ancient stars, and nature destroys and recycles them.
Category: Astrophysics

[1839] viXra:1811.0397 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-25 21:33:34

Measurement Quantization Describes Galactic Rotational Velocities, Obviates Dark Matter Conjecture

Authors: Jody A. Geiger
Comments: 24 Pages.

A physical description of the orbital mechanics of stars around a galactic core has proved difficult. Notably, there is insufficient mass to account for observed stellar velocities. The mystery is one of few in modern science that defy the known laws of physics. In response, it has been conjectured that there exists a new form of matter that interacts gravitationally while otherwise remains undetectable. In this paper we resolve the mystery. The expressions do not modify the known laws of physics, contain no free variables or fitting and are entirely classical in nature. Using the notion of counts of the fundamental measures – length, mass and time – it is shown that our current understanding of mass is distorted. Accounting for this distortion reveals that the conjecture is unnecessary thus resolving the dark matter mystery.
Category: Astrophysics

[1838] viXra:1811.0389 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-24 15:11:10

The Moon Geometry

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 32 Pages.

The Moon Geometry The Moon Data Analysis shows the following: 1-Earth-Moon is an unique planet in the solar group and not similar to any other moon in the group. 2-The Solar Planets are connected together geometrically i.e. 3-The solar planets are created to be complementary to each other, all of them together consist one geometrical structure (as a triangle, square, or pyramid….) That means a.There was an original energy before any matter existence. And from this energy the planet matter is created (based on E=mc2) and the planet orbital distance is created (I suppose the space = Energy). This same energy also causes the planet motion as part of the general geometrical structure. b.Each solar planet is a part of this same geometrical structure and has a specific job in it (that means no part is absent..! means the original energy created all required planets to form the required geometrical structure) c.Each Planet Data is created to be suitable for the planet job in the general geometrical structure..
Category: Astrophysics

[1837] viXra:1811.0388 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-24 16:59:49

Technische Anwendungen Zur Umwandlung Der Rotationsenergie Der Erde in Elektrische Energie in Theorie Und Praxis Teil 5

Authors: Robert Stach
Comments: 21 Pages.

Aufgezeigt werden Möglichkeiten zur Umwandlung der Rotationsenergie der Erde in elektrische Energie. Nach einem geschichtlichen Exkurs folgt die detailierte Beschreibung der Anlagen. Zum Schluss wird der Bezug zum Michelson- Experiment aufgezeigt, ebenso die sich daraus ergebenen Veränderungen für das 2. Postulat (Konstanz der Lichtgeschwindigkeit). Aufbauend auf den dargelegten physikalischen Gesetzmäßigkeiten erfolgt zum Ende des Manuskriptes die Einordnung der elektromagnetischen Strahlung in die bisherigen Theorien zur Dunklen Energie.
Category: Astrophysics

[1836] viXra:1811.0384 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-23 05:31:57

Pulsar Emission Gamma to X Rays

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 25 Pages.

Based on a new theoretical model, a team of scientists explored the rich data archive of ESA's XMM-Newton and NASA's Chandra space observatories to find pulsating X-ray emission from three sources. [21] CfA astronomer David James was a member of a large international team systematically searching for new gravitationally lensed quasars. [20] For the first time astronomers have detected gravitational waves from a merged, hyper-massive neutron star. [19] A group of scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) at the University of Copenhagen will soon start developing a new line of technical equipment in order to dramatically improve gravitational wave detectors. [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called " dark photons " in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1835] viXra:1811.0361 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-22 08:01:53

See a Black Hole

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

In the shadowy regions of black holes two fundamental theories describing our world collide. Can these problems be resolved and do black holes really exist? First, we may have to see one and scientists are trying to do just this. [25] The authors suggest that this virtual reality simulation could be useful for studying black holes. [24] Every galaxy is thought to harbor a supermassive black hole in the center, or nucleus, of the galaxy, and in active galaxies this black hole is fed by infalling matter. [23] A new study by researchers at the University of Colorado Boulder finds that violent crashes may be more effective at activating black holes than more peaceful mergers. [22] For the first time, a team of astronomers has observed several pairs of galaxies in the final stages of merging together into single, larger galaxies. [21] In a cluster of some of the most massive and luminous HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/stars/" stars in our galaxy, about 5,000 light years from Earth, astronomers detected particles being accelerated by a rapidly rotating neutron star as it passed by the massive star it orbits only once every 50 years. [20] For the first time astronomers have detected gravitational waves from a merged, hyper-massive neutron star. [19] A group of scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) at the University of Copenhagen will soon start developing a new line of technical equipment in order to dramatically improve gravitational wave detectors. [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called “dark photons” in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon’s magnetic moment. [16]
Category: Astrophysics

[1834] viXra:1811.0339 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-21 14:52:31

1st Degree in Physics Needs 24 Years!! (My Story)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 5 Pages.

The Fact is I have tried to receive bachelor degree in physics (1st degree) during 24 years (1994-2018) and till now I'm just student in 2nd Course – Physics Department – Faculty of Physics and Mathematics - Peoples' Friendship University …. I write this report as A Testimony Before The History
Category: Astrophysics

[1833] viXra:1811.0313 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-20 16:22:23

The Moon Motion Trajectory

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 11 Pages.

The Moon Motion Trajectory Abstract I suppose that, The whole solar group is consisted from light beams and these light beams are reflected into Earth Moon Orbit with smaller rate (as the convex mirror), so each light beam is reflected inside the moon orbit in smaller form. Based on that, the moon orbit is consisted of the reflected light beams (Energy), If this energy is similar to a sea water, so the moon is similar to a paper boat moves on this water. (i.e. the moon is indicator of Energy Passing Process) This provides us with 2 important conclusions 1.The Moon motion shows all actions and motions in the solar group (as a mirror shows all the room furniture) 2.The Moon motion changes shows greater changes are found in the solar group
Category: Astrophysics

[1832] viXra:1811.0308 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-19 07:29:27

Virtual Reality of Black Hole

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

The authors suggest that this virtual reality simulation could be useful for studying black holes. [24] Every galaxy is thought to harbor a supermassive black hole in the center, or nucleus, of the galaxy, and in active galaxies this black hole is fed by infalling matter. [23] A new study by researchers at the University of Colorado Boulder finds that violent crashes may be more effective at activating black holes than more peaceful mergers. [22] For the first time, a team of astronomers has observed several pairs of galaxies in the final stages of merging together into single, larger galaxies. [21] In a cluster of some of the most massive and luminous stars in our galaxy, about 5,000 light years from Earth, astronomers detected particles being accelerated by a rapidly rotating neutron star as it passed by the massive star it orbits only once every 50 years. [20] For the first time astronomers have detected gravitational waves from a merged, hyper-massive neutron star. [19] A group of scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) at the University of Copenhagen will soon start developing a new line of technical equipment in order to dramatically improve gravitational wave detectors. [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called " dark photons " in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1831] viXra:1811.0306 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-19 09:04:47

Quasars Gravitationally Lensed

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 22 Pages.

CfA astronomer David James was a member of a large international team systematically searching for new gravitationally lensed quasars. [20] For the first time astronomers have detected gravitational waves from a merged, hyper-massive neutron star. [19] A group of scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) at the University of Copenhagen will soon start developing a new line of technical equipment in order to dramatically improve gravitational wave detectors. [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called " dark photons " in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1830] viXra:1811.0292 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-18 05:41:27

Black Holes Play Hide-and-Seek

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 31 Pages.

Every galaxy is thought to harbor a supermassive black hole in the center, or nucleus, of the galaxy, and in active galaxies this black hole is fed by infalling matter. [23] A new study by researchers at the University of Colorado Boulder finds that violent crashes may be more effective at activating black holes than more peaceful mergers. [22] For the first time, a team of astronomers has observed several pairs of galaxies in the final stages of merging together into single, larger galaxies. [21] In a cluster of some of the most massive and luminous stars in our galaxy, about 5,000 light years from Earth, astronomers detected particles being accelerated by a rapidly rotating neutron star as it passed by the massive star it orbits only once every 50 years. [20] For the first time astronomers have detected gravitational waves from a merged, hyper-massive neutron star. [19] A group of scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) at the University of Copenhagen will soon start developing a new line of technical equipment in order to dramatically improve gravitational wave detectors. [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called " dark photons " in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1829] viXra:1811.0259 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-18 03:57:49

Gravitational Waves from Neutron Star

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 21 Pages.

For the first time astronomers have detected gravitational waves from a merged, hyper-massive neutron star. [19] A group of scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) at the University of Copenhagen will soon start developing a new line of technical equipment in order to dramatically improve gravitational wave detectors. [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called " dark photons " in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1828] viXra:1811.0258 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-18 04:48:53

Astronomers Detect Gamma Rays

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 26 Pages.

In a cluster of some of the most massive and luminous stars in our galaxy, about 5,000 light years from Earth, astronomers detected particles being accelerated by a rapidly rotating neutron star as it passed by the massive star it orbits only once every 50 years. [20] For the first time astronomers have detected gravitational waves from a merged, hyper-massive neutron star. [19] A group of scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) at the University of Copenhagen will soon start developing a new line of technical equipment in order to dramatically improve gravitational wave detectors. [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called " dark photons " in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1827] viXra:1811.0257 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-18 05:12:13

Pairs of Black Holes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 29 Pages.

For the first time, a team of astronomers has observed several pairs of galaxies in the final stages of merging together into single, larger galaxies. [21] In a cluster of some of the most massive and luminous stars in our galaxy, about 5,000 light years from Earth, astronomers detected particles being accelerated by a rapidly rotating neutron star as it passed by the massive star it orbits only once every 50 years. [20] For the first time astronomers have detected gravitational waves from a merged, hyper-massive neutron star. [19] A group of scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) at the University of Copenhagen will soon start developing a new line of technical equipment in order to dramatically improve gravitational wave detectors. [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called " dark photons " in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1826] viXra:1811.0256 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-18 05:32:22

Galaxy Mergers on Black Holes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

A new study by researchers at the University of Colorado Boulder finds that violent crashes may be more effective at activating black holes than more peaceful mergers. [22] For the first time, a team of astronomers has observed several pairs of galaxies in the final stages of merging together into single, larger galaxies. [21] In a cluster of some of the most massive and luminous stars in our galaxy, about 5,000 light years from Earth, astronomers detected particles being accelerated by a rapidly rotating neutron star as it passed by the massive star it orbits only once every 50 years. [20] For the first time astronomers have detected gravitational waves from a merged, hyper-massive neutron star. [19] A group of scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) at the University of Copenhagen will soon start developing a new line of technical equipment in order to dramatically improve gravitational wave detectors. [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called " dark photons " in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1825] viXra:1811.0212 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-13 07:45:42

Dark Matter Hurricane

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 27 Pages.

A team of researchers from Universidad de Zaragoza, King's College London and the Institute of Astronomy in the U.K. has found that a "dark matter hurricane" passing through our solar system offers a better than usual chance of detecting axions. [22] Researchers have declared October 31st "Dark Matter Day," a day with many events dedicated to dark matter all over the world. [21] Scientists have a new window into the search for dark matter – an acrylic vessel that features a grouping of 12-foot-tall transparent tanks with 1-inch-thick walls. [20] Fermilab scientists are harnessing quantum technology in the search for dark matter. [19] According to a new study, they could also potentially detect dark matter, if dark matter is composed of a particular kind of particle called a "dark photon." [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called " dark photons " in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1824] viXra:1811.0188 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-12 15:13:07

Neptune Data shows The Solar Group Geometry (Part 2)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 10 Pages.

Simply…. Are these relationships found based on Geometrical Reasons or by pure coincidences? Some Examples (1) -Mercury Saturn Distance = Neptune Pluto Distance = 1375 mkm -Saturn Pluto Distance =Mercury Neptune Distance = 4437 mkm -Mars orbital circumference 1433.5 mkm = Saturn orbital distance = Uranus Saturn distance = Neptune orbital distance /π = -Jupiter Pluto distance 5092 mkm = Uranus Neptune distance x π -Saturn orbital distance 1433.5mkm= Saturn diameter x Venus diameter = (Venus Circumference)2= (2) i.Earth Moon Distance at Perigee point =363000 km = Solar Outer Planets Diameters Total (error 1%) ii.Earth Moon Distance at Apogee point =406000 km = Solar Planets Diameters Total iii.The Distance between Perigee and Apogee = 40000km = Inner Solar Planets Diameters Total = Earth Circumference. iv.Earth daily motion = The moon orbit circumference at apogee radius (r=406000 km) v.Saturn Circumference = Earth Moon Distance at total solar eclipse radius (r=377000km) vi.Note Please/ Solar Planets Diameters Total= 2 Jupiter diameters + 1 Saturn diameter (i.e. Jupiter diameter = 8 solar planets diameters total) vii.2 Neptune Circumference = outer planets diameters total (without Neptune) (1.8%) (3) -Sun Diameter = Jupiter Diameter x π2 (error 1.4%) And -Saturn Diameter = Venus Diameter x π2 (error 0.8%) (4) -Jupiter orbital Period 4331 days = Mars Orbital Period 687 days x 2π (error 0.3%) -Mars Orbital Period 687 days = Earth Orbital Period 365.25 days x 1.9 (Mars orbital inclination = 1.9 degrees) -Mars Orbital Period 687 days = Moon Orbital Period 27.3 days x 25.2 (Mars axial tilt= 25.2 degrees) -Saturn orbital period10747 d.=Earth orbital period 365.25 d. x Synodic month 29.5 d. (5) -17.4 degree (inner planet orbital inclinations total) x 0.99 = 17.2 degree (Pluto orbital inclination) -23.6 degree (outer planet orbital inclinations total) x 0.99 = 23.4 degree (Earth axial tilt (6) -Mercury moves a distance = 720 mkm during his day period (4222.6 hours) (Mercury Jupiter Distance = 720 mkm)! -Venus orbital circumference = 680 mkm but Venus Jupiter distance = 670 mkm (error 1.5%) -Earth orbital circumference = 940 mkm but Earth Jupiter distance (when both of them be at 2 different sides from the sun = 778.6 mkm +149.6 mkm = 928.2 mkm (error 1.25%)… why 3 planets define their orbital distances relating to their positions from Jupiter?!
Category: Astrophysics

[1823] viXra:1811.0183 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-11 09:52:40

Sea to Land Animal Transformation: An Expansion to the Elysium Transition in Stellar Metamorphosis

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages. 1 hand drawn illustration

An expansion to the Elysium transition is made concerning the evolution of life on Earth. It is proposed that life transformed from sea to land capable animals at the poles, and moved its way towards the equator as the oceans thinned during late ocean world stages of stellar evolution. Explanation is provided.
Category: Astrophysics

[1822] viXra:1811.0178 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-11 19:03:29

"Neptune Data shows The Solar Group Geometry"

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 10 Pages.

Neptune Data supports the following conclusions: 1-The solar group is created from one energy only 2-The solar group is built by one geometrical structure and each planet is a part in this geometrical structure (or the solar group is a body and each planet is a member in it) 3-This geometrical structure causes to produce all solar planets data to be suitable for its job in this geometrical structure (which guarantees the planets motions harmony) 4-The solar planet motion real trajectory is square but we see it as an ellipse because of the moon orbit geometrical effect. 5-The Metonic Cycle (6939.75 days) is a motion in a vertical level relative to the solar inner planets horizontal level. 6-The moon orbit regression yearly 19 degrees is done because of Neptune and Uranus effect on the moon orbit geometrical structure.
Category: Astrophysics

[1821] viXra:1811.0176 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-12 02:05:51

Computational Assignment of Vibrational Frequency Bands Facilitates the Identification of Interstellar Peptides and Spectroscopic Parallaxes.

Authors: Pardis Tabaee Damavandi, Richard W Pickersgill, Martin T Dove
Comments: 5 Pages.

Spectroscopic parallax is the measure of the distance between two stars or celestial objects and relies on the stellar spectral type and luminosity class defined by the Morgan-Keenan classification system. UV, IR (Infrared), Raman or Optical spectrographic instruments are integrated in many telescopes and are used to obtain information on brightness, temperature (surface), density and velocities. Stars are classified based on their type and on their brightness, which allow us to obtain distances to them, however, with previous classification systems, the star’s size (dwarf, giant or supergiant) and composition (heavy metal versus carbon stars) were also used. The Morgan-Keenan classification offers information on the star colour (very blue, red) and the type, although the infrared wavelengths are approximately > 9000 Å, falling in the near-infrared range; spectra can be ulteriorly divided into continuous, band and linear. Band spectra are usually descriptive of molecular compounds and are the ones that we immersed in, by venturing an interpretation of the Raman-IR band spectra of neutral glycine (or NT glycine). Our method consisted in using vibrational dynamics (VD), the study of atomic oscillations within a molecule, after obtaining experimental vibrations for glycine through Raman or IR literature data. These techniques have been widely used in the past, along with X-ray or neutron scattering diffraction techniques, however, in recent years, researchers have used density functional theory, ab intio, or other computer simulation methods that facilitate band recognition. The goal of this work is to apply vibrational dynamics studies to the structure of NT glycine, and to then compare these values with its IR and Raman frequencies. By analyzing both simulation results and empirical data, we gain important information about the vibration modes of glycine. This study also shows that ‘invisible’ bands can be ‘detected’ with this technique. VD could therefore be used in the measurement of stellar abundances and to refine the quality of experimental Raman-IR data.
Category: Astrophysics

[1820] viXra:1811.0168 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-10 08:45:23

The Charge Engine of Stellar Evolution

Authors: Daniel Archer
Comments: 4 pages, 1 page is only references, 5 pictures

All matter recycles photons . This charge engine is explained, demonstrated visually and applied to the General Theory of Stellar Metamorphosis (GTSM). The charge engine is the underlying driver of all evolutionary processes of Astrons (stars and planets); it is what enables astrons to be dynamic and open systems and have lifespans of many billions of years.
Category: Astrophysics

[1819] viXra:1811.0163 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-10 19:31:57

Solar Planet Motion Trajectory Is A Square (Proves No.2)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 10 Pages.

Solar Planet Motion Trajectory Is Square And Not An Ellipse This papers provides 2 proves for this claim 1-Earth Cycle (365+365+365+366) = 1461 days… the previous Cycle consists of 4 years and can be used as square form..! but the square is 4 equal distances and not periods of time…?! But We have discussed before that the time and distance values can be equivalent in some cases in the solar group geometrical structure… which means the value which we see as period of time may work as distance for another observer… (Why Earth has this 4 sidereal years Cycle?) Please review The Time definition 2-Mars Immigration proves that the solar planet motion trajectory is square and not an ellipse (This Paper discusses This Point Only) Please review Mars Immigration Proves (Revised)
Category: Astrophysics

[1818] viXra:1811.0147 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-09 19:27:36

Solar Planet Motion Trajectory Is A Square (Proves)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 22 Pages.

The Moon Orbit Uses Earth Circumference To Cover The Solar Planet Motion Real Trajectory (Which Is A Square) And To Show The Imaginary One (An Ellipse) i.e. The Solar Planet Real Trajectory Is A Square But The Moon Orbit Uses Earth Circumference To Cover This Real Trajectory And Shows The Imaginary One Which Is The An Ellipse…
Category: Astrophysics

[1817] viXra:1811.0135 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-08 19:03:19

Solar Planet Motion Trajectory Is A Square And Not An Ellipse

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 9 Pages.

Research Paper "Solar Planet Motion Trajectory Is A Square And Not An Ellipse" Abstract The Solar Planet Motion Trajectory Is A Square And Not An Ellipse, And We See This Trajectory As Ellipse Because Of The Earth Moon Structure I provide here a clear claim …. let's summarize it in following: 1-The solar planet motion trajectory is a square and not an ellipse, 2-We see the planet motion trajectory as ellipse (kepler 1st law is correct) 3-The moon orbit geometrical structure prevents us to see the solar planet motion real trajectory (the square) and covers it by an imaginary trajectory (the ellipse) This paper tries to prove this claim Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Category: Astrophysics

[1816] viXra:1811.0102 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-06 10:06:10

Can Energy Possessed by a Galaxy Cluster Account for its Dark Matter Content?

Authors: Karan R.Takkhi
Comments: 2 pages

In this paper I present the study of massive galaxy clusters. I take into account the energy possessed by the galaxy clusters and the equivalent amount of mass that gets added to them due to that much amount of energy possessed by them. The study shows that the mass of dark matter within galaxy clusters that is believed to account for 90% of their mass nearly coincides with the mass equivalent to the energy possessed by them. The mass equivalent to the energy possessed by the galaxy clusters should amicably account for the observed gravitational lensing associated with galaxy clusters, stability of the clusters, as well as for the observed cluster kinematics and dynamics.
Category: Astrophysics

[1815] viXra:1811.0100 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-06 11:46:42

Time-Resolved Imaging of Model Astrophysical Jets

Authors: Theodoros Smponias
Comments: 31 Pages.

An approximate, time-delayed imaging algorithm is implemented, within existing line-of- sight code. The resulting program acts on hydrocode output data, producing synthetic images, depicting what a model relativistic astrophysical jet looks like to a stationary observer. The software has the potential to study a variety of dynamical astrophysical phenomena, in collaboration with other imaging and simulation tools. A number of tests are performed, in order to confirm the validity of code results, and also to present the features of the software. The above demonstrate the potential of the computer program to help interpret astrophysical jet observations.
Category: Astrophysics

[1814] viXra:1811.0096 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-06 16:22:46

Solar Planets Motions Trajectory is A Pyramid or A Cone? (Part II)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 10 Pages.

The Solar Planets Motions Trajectory is A Pyramid Form and Not A Cone Let's summarize the idea in following: I-The Solar Planets are Found On Different Horizontal Levels (Steps) Which makes The Solar Group As A Ladder. Based On That, When The Planets revolve Around The Sun, They create A Pyramid Form For Their Motions Trajectory (The Main Hypothesis) II-The Planet revolution around the sun which we see in ellipse form in fact it's square form. III-i.e. What we see in circle (ellipse form), Its real form is (a square) IV-For that reason the Planets motions Trajectory is A Pyramid and not A Cone This Paper tries to prove this fact
Category: Astrophysics

[1813] viXra:1811.0076 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-05 19:17:23

Solar Planets Motions Trajectory is a Pyramid (Part i)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 7 Pages.

Research Paper "Solar Planets Motions Trajectory is A pyramid (Part I)" Abstract The Study Hypothesis: The Solar Planets are Found On Different Horizontal Levels Which makes The Solar Group As A Ladder (Different Steps Of Ladder) Based On That, When The Planets revolve Around The Sun, They create A Pyramid Form For Their Motions Trajectory…. The solar planets are found on horizontal level (even in different steps) which creates the ladder form for the solar group… but "Uranus – Neptune – Pluto" are found on vertical direction relating to the other planets We complete the discussion of The Solar Group Geometrical Structure is A Pyramid (Revised)
Category: Astrophysics

[1812] viXra:1811.0060 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-04 13:18:44

The Solar Group Geometrical Structure is A Pyramid (Revised)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 46 Pages.

The Solar Group Is A Pyramid Abstract Let's explain this idea in following: -The sun is found on the Pyramid Apex -Each Planet is found on different level which makes the solar group as a ladder -The planets (Mercury - Saturn - Neptune – Pluto) form the Pyramid Base -The players (The sun – Earth – Moon – Mars) form the pyramid Height (The Pyramid Main Column) -The rest planets form the Pyramid walls -The pyramid is consisted by the planets motions i.e. -The Pyramid Is The Solar Planets Motions Trajectory… -The Pyramid Base and Height consist from different planets levels on the ladder… Best Regards Gerges Francis Tawdrous TEL +201022532292
Category: Astrophysics

[1811] viXra:1811.0057 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-04 21:28:47

Spiral Galaxy Rotation Curves and Arm Formation Without Dark Matter or MOND

Authors: Tarun Biswas
Comments: 6 pages, 7 figures

Usual explanations of spiral galaxy rotation curves assume circular orbits of stars. The consequences of giving up this assumption were investigated through a couple of models in an earlier communication. Here, further investigations of one of these models (the spinner model) shows that it can explain the formation of the spiral arms as well. It is also shown that the behavior of the tail of the rotation curve is related to the age of the galaxy. The spinner model conjectures the existence of a spinning hot disk around a spherical galactic core. The disk is held together by local gravity and electromagnetic scattering forces. However, it disintegrates at the edge producing fragments that form stars. Once separated from the disk, the stars experience only the centrally directed gravitational force due to the massive core and remaining disk. A numerical simulation shows that a high enough angular velocity of the disk produces hyperbolic stellar trajectories that agree with the observed rotation curves. Besides the rotation curves, the simulation generates two other observable features of spiral galaxies. First, it shows the formation of spiral arms and their nearly equal angular separations. Second, it determines that, for large radial distances, younger galaxies have rotation curves that dip downwards and older galaxies have a rising trend. The strength of this model lies in the fact that it does not require the postulation of dark matter or MOND. This model also revisits the method of estimation of star age. As the stars are formed from an already hot disk, they do not start off as cold collections of dust and gas. Hence, their ages are expected to be significantly less than what current models estimate. This explains why they have not escaped the galaxy in spite of their hyperbolic trajectories.
Category: Astrophysics

[1810] viXra:1811.0047 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-03 16:44:10

Elemental Mass Equilibrium in Stellar Metamorphosis

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages. 1 illustration

A new concept is introduced to further expand the general theory. It is the concept of elemental mass equilibrium. When the star evolves the total mass of all its hydrogen will be equal to the total mass of iron, reaching what is called the elemental mass equilibrium point. All highly evolved stars have passed through this point. Explanation is provided with a hand drawn graph to illustrate the concept.
Category: Astrophysics

[1809] viXra:1811.0040 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-02 07:47:23

On Anomaluos Acceleration, Atypical Shape and Others Unexpected Features of First Detected Interstellar Interloper ´OUMUAMUA

Authors: José J. Astorkia
Comments: Pages.

The first interstellar interloper observed 1I/2017 U1 OUMUAMUA presents unexpected features in a interstellar minor body. This paper shows plausible scenery that cause changes in these features in solar system journey, from expected in a interstellar minor body to observed in ´Oumuamua.
Category: Astrophysics

[1808] viXra:1811.0030 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-02 20:21:42

The Solar Group Geometrical Structure is A Pyramid

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 37 Pages.

I claim that The solar group geometrical structure is a pyramid Form Where the sun is in the Pyramid Head And the solar outer planets form the Pyramid Base…. This paper tries to prove this fact..
Category: Astrophysics

[1807] viXra:1811.0013 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-01 16:39:51

Earth Axial Tilt

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 9 Pages.

Earth axial tilt 23.4 degrees effects on many other solar planets in addition to the Earth, Which proves that, The solar group is one body (or one machine), each planet should be considered as a member in this same body where all solar planets are created from the same energy.
Category: Astrophysics

[1806] viXra:1810.0510 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-30 09:30:22

Dark Matter Day

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 26 Pages.

Researchers have declared October 31st "Dark Matter Day," a day with many events dedicated to dark matter all over the world. [21] Scientists have a new window into the search for dark matter – an acrylic vessel that features a grouping of 12-foot-tall transparent tanks with 1-inch-thick walls. [20] Fermilab scientists are harnessing quantum technology in the search for dark matter. [19] According to a new study, they could also potentially detect dark matter, if dark matter is composed of a particular kind of particle called a "dark photon." [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called " dark photons " in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1805] viXra:1810.0498 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-31 06:19:39

Material Orbiting Black Holes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 21 Pages.

ESO's exquisitely sensitive GRAVITY instrument has added further evidence to the long-standing assumption that a supermassive black hole lurks in the centre of the Milky Way. [19] The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters—it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there's a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17] Astronomers have constructed the first map of the universe based on the positions of supermassive black holes, which reveals the large-scale structure of the universe. [16] Astronomers want to record an image of the heart of our galaxy for the first time: a global collaboration of radio dishes is to take a detailed look at the black hole which is assumed to be located there. [15] A team of researchers from around the world is getting ready to create what might be the first image of a black hole. [14] "There seems to be a mysterious link between the amount of dark matter a galaxy holds and the size of its central black hole, even though the two operate on vastly different scales," said Akos Bogdan of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA). [13] If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12] For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think " the Big Bang " , except just the opposite. That's essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1804] viXra:1810.0494 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-29 10:00:23

Electrons Mimic Astrophysical Dynamos

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 82 Pages.

The authors say that it's not yet clear how best to kickstart a dynamo on a small sliver of Weyl semimetal. [44] Schematic of a magnetic nozzle rf plasma thruster (helicon plasma thruster) having two open source exits and photographs of the three operation modes in the laboratory test. [43] Researchers at MIT's Plasma Science and Fusion Center (PSFC) have now demonstrated how microwaves can be used to overcome barriers to steady-state tokamak operation. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning—all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40] The authors designed a mechanism based on the deployment of a transport barrier to confine the particles and prevent them from moving from one region of the accelerator to another. "There is strong experimental evidence that there is indeed some new physics lurking in the lepton sector," Dev said. [38] Now, in a new result unveiled today at the Neutrino 2018 conference in Heidelberg, Germany, the collaboration has announced its first results using antineutrinos, and has seen strong evidence of muon antineutrinos oscillating into electron antineutrinos over long distances, a phenomenon that has never been unambiguously observed. [37] The Precision Reactor Oscillation and Spectrum Experiment (PROSPECT) has completed the installation of a novel antineutrino detector that will probe the possible existence of a new form of matter. [36]
Category: Astrophysics

[1803] viXra:1810.0485 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-29 18:28:13

Kepler 3rd Law Explanation (Part No.2) (To Support my Claim Against Nobel Prize Board Decision in Physics 2018)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 9 Pages.

In my previous paper Kepler 3rd Law Explanation (a Claim against Nobel Prize Board Decision in Physics 2018) http://vixra.org/abs/1810.0053 I have discussed another vision for Kepler 3rd law… In that paper I claimed, Kepler 3rd Law proves that, the solar group is one machine or one body where each planet should be considered as a member in this same body… Also I claimed, Kepler 3rd law contradicts Newton Mechanics basically because Newton Mechanics considers each planet is separated and independent from other planets in his data and motion where the gravity forces produce the harmony in their motions… In this paper we'll discuss one more question …let's ask it here? Do we understand correctly Kepler Laws' Vision? And why we misunderstood them? Let's see deeply as possible… Kepler stated a clear rule that, "The Planet Velocity varies inversely with his Orbital Distance" What did we conclude from this rule? The force is related to the sun, So The further Planet from the sun the slower velocity he has….! The meaning is clear ….. this idea is the base on which the gravity concept is created Let's try to see Kepler 3rd Law with more depth… d3/t2 = constant (C) (Kepler 3rd Law) But we know that… a (acceleration) = d/t2 ……that means…… a (acceleration) x d2 = constant i.e. d2 = Constant / a (acceleration)(I) The equation tells us that, the planet acceleration various inversely with his squared orbital distance! Is this meaning = the previous one?! The Space is Energy Can we deduce another vision from Equation No. I ?! Let's use my description to explain this Equation….let remember it… -The solar group is one body each planet is a member in this body -The mass is Energy (E=mc2), and the space is energy (my hypothesis), and planet motion needs energy… -The mass and distance are created from the same energy which guarantees the planets motions general harmony. Now let's suppose that, -Each planet has an equal amount of Energy for these 3 purposes (mass, distance and motion) That means More area from the sun needs more energy which means the planet velocity will be decreased because the mass energy is fixed and can't be changed in ordinary cases … That's the meaning we have got from Equation No. (I) which told us the area (not distance) varies inversely with the planet motion acceleration…. Deep Discussion I try here to explain the negative effects which are resulted because of basic definitions absence Where we have no definitions of Space, matter, time …etc and have no explanation how the matter is created or by what mechanism the gravity works…. Many basics were ignored in the way to create a description for the solar group Geometry and the result of this process is to create an imaginary description has no proof. Again I try to attribute this process to Newton Mechanics and not to Kepler Laws…. Let's read C.M.Linton words while he claim that kepler knew there's a relationship between the planet diameter and his orbital distance….. "Kepler thus assumed that the volumes of the planets were proportional to their distances to the sun and the quantity of matter they contained to the square root of this distance, so that planetary densities varied inversely as square root of the orbital radius and is this ad hoc way be could reproduced his third law (T2 varies with a3) and absorb into physical Astronomy" "From Eudexus to Einstein A history of Mathematical astronomy" (page 198-199) C.M. Linton – Cambridge university Press… From that, we can conclude Kepler Laws were created in environment tried to define the matter origin and creation… So, the gravity force description which assumes that each planet is independent from the others… this description is the strange one from Kepler Laws environment, that tells us, Kepler laws were cut from their environment to be used in strange environment can't provide its basics… So again the contradiction is clear enough… Kepler Laws provide a description for the solar group as one body or one machine where the planets integrate with each other to provide the motions general harmony, at the contrary Newton Mechanics provides a vision of separated points (separated plants) which cause difficulties to provide the motions general harmony. This paper tries to answer 2 questions 1-Why d3/t2 = constant? 2-Why the inner planets are distinguished from the outer planets? Gerges Francis Tawdrous TEL +201022532292 E-mailgeorgytawdrous@yandex.ru Linkedln https://eg.linkedin.com/in/gerges-francis-86a351a1 Facebook https://www.facebook.com/gergis.tawadrous Academia https://rudn.academia.edu/GergesTawadrous
Category: Astrophysics

[1802] viXra:1810.0477 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-28 11:21:21

Helium Production in Stellar Metamorphosis, or Where Did Earth's Helium Come From?

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages.

It is taught and accepted by the establishment's dogma that most of the helium on Earth is produced by radioactive decay. This is false. Most of the helium on Earth was simply trapped during crust formation during later stages of stellar evolution. This is why it is found and extracted mostly from natural gas deposits, and not uranium mines.
Category: Astrophysics

[1801] viXra:1810.0454 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-27 16:43:57

Star Densities During Stellar Metamorphosis

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages.

A graph has been drawn up to show that the densities of stars changes as they evolve into life hosting stars. This is in accordance with the General Theory of Stellar Metamorphosis and facilitates the complete replacement of the dogma. Explanation is built in to the questions of why big hot stars are diffuse, and small red dwarfs are dense, and even explains why some Earth type objects are different densities.
Category: Astrophysics

[1800] viXra:1810.0424 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-25 18:47:21

The Polymorphic System HD 87646 and Its Associated Evolving Stars

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 3 Pages.

It is taught and accepted by the dogma that all stars are the same age if they are seen orbiting young stars. This is false. The system HD 87646 is polymorphic, meaning it has stars in various stages of evolution as is predicted by the general theory. Generalizations and future predictions are made concerning this system.
Category: Astrophysics

[1799] viXra:1810.0400 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-25 04:25:32

Sun Neutrino Snapshot

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

Solar neutrinos stream out of the star at the center of our system at nearly the speed of light, as many as 420 billion hitting every square inch of the earth's surface per second. [18] The largest liquid-argon neutrino detector in the world has just recorded its first particle tracks, signaling the start of a new chapter in the story of the international Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE). [17] While these experiments seem miniature in comparison to others, they could reveal answers about neutrinos that have been hiding from physicists for decades. [16] In a paper published today in the European Physical Journal C, the ATLAS Collaboration reports the first high-precision measurement at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) of the mass of the W boson. [15] A team of researchers at the University of Michigan has conducted a thought experiment regarding the nature of a universe that could support life without the weak force. [14] The international T2K Collaboration announces a first indication that the dominance of matter over antimatter may originate from the fact that neutrinos and antineutrinos behave differently during those oscillations. [13] Neutrinos are a challenge to study because their interactions with matter are so rare. Particularly elusive has been what's known as coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering, which occurs when a neutrino bumps off the nucleus of an atom. [12] Lately, neutrinos – the tiny, nearly massless particles that many scientists study to better understand the fundamental workings of the universe – have been posing a problem for physicists. [11] Physicists have hypothesized the existence of fundamental particles called sterile neutrinos for decades and a couple of experiments have even caught possible hints of them. However, according to new results from two major international consortia, the chances that these indications were right and that these particles actually exist are now much slimmer. [10] The MIT team studied the distribution of neutrino flavors generated in Illinois, versus those detected in Minnesota, and found that these distributions can be explained most readily by quantum phenomena: As neutrinos sped between the reactor and detector, they were statistically most likely to be in a state of superposition, with no definite flavor or identity. [9]
Category: Astrophysics

[1798] viXra:1810.0383 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-23 19:51:54

Criticism Against The BIG BANG Theory

Authors: John Roach
Comments: 2 Pages.

Criticism Against the BIG BANG Theory Dedicated to the professional association, The Alternative Cosmology Group http://cosmology.info/open-letter/index.html https://hiltonratcliffe.com/tag/alternative-cosmology-group.info/open-letter/index.html
Category: Astrophysics

[1797] viXra:1810.0375 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-22 08:33:34

Gravitational Waves on Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

Researchers from the University of Zurich have now found that LISA could also shed light on the elusive dark matter particle. [19] A NASA rocket experiment could use the Doppler effect to look for signs of dark matter in mysterious X-ray emissions from space. [18] CfA astronomers Annalisa Pillepich and Lars Hernquist and their colleagues compared gravitationally distorted Hubble images of the galaxy cluster Abell 2744 and two other clusters with the results of computer simulations of dark matter haloes. [17] In a paper published July 20 in the journal Physical Review Letters, an international team of cosmologists uses data from the intergalactic medium— the vast, largely empty space between galaxies—to narrow down what dark matter could be. [16] But a new hypothesis might have gotten us closer to figuring out its identity, because physicists now suspect that dark matter has been changing forms this whole time-from ghostly particles in the Universe's biggest structures, to a strange, superfluid state at smaller scales. And we might soon have the tools to confirm it. [15] Superfluids may exist inside neutron stars, and some researchers have speculated that space-time itself may be a superfluid. So why shouldn't dark matter have a superfluid phase, too? [14] "The best result on dark matter so far—and we just got started." This is how scientists behind XENON1T, now the most sensitive dark matter experiment worldwide , commented on their first result from a short 30-day run presented today to the scientific community. [13] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter. SIMPs would resolve certain discrepancies between simulations of the distribution of dark matter, like this one, and the observed properties of the galaxies. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1796] viXra:1810.0374 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-22 09:13:01

New Method Detecting Black Holes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 25 Pages.

The IAC researchers Jorge Casares, and Miguel A. Pérez Torres have tested a novel technique measuring the brightness of these binary pairs with a combination of filters centred on the line of hydrogen H-alpha. [21] Answering the question "How did galaxies form and evolve during the 13.8-billion-year history of the universe?" has been one top issue in modern astronomy. [20] If someone were to venture into one of these relatively benign black holes, they could survive, but their past would be obliterated and they could have an infinite number of possible futures. [19] The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters—it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there's a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17] Astronomers have constructed the first map of the universe based on the positions of supermassive black holes, which reveals the large-scale structure of the universe. [16] Astronomers want to record an image of the heart of our galaxy for the first time: a global collaboration of radio dishes is to take a detailed look at the black hole which is assumed to be located there. [15] A team of researchers from around the world is getting ready to create what might be the first image of a black hole. [14] "There seems to be a mysterious link between the amount of dark matter a galaxy holds and the size of its central black hole, even though the two operate on vastly different scales," said Akos Bogdan of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA). [13] If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12] For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think " the Big Bang " , except just the opposite. That's essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1795] viXra:1810.0343 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-21 23:32:02

The Observer Effect On The Observation Results (Space = Energy=mc2)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 6 Pages.

The Universe Matter is effected by Human Mind Thinking Process and the knowledge logic.
Category: Astrophysics

[1794] viXra:1810.0307 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-19 15:36:07

Definition of Space (Revised)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 18 Pages.

The Space is Energy This supports the claim "There's A Relationship Between Planet Diameter And Orbital Distance" This paper discusses and tries to prove this fact
Category: Astrophysics

[1793] viXra:1810.0296 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-18 08:33:53

Bose-Einstein Condensate in Space

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 26 Pages.

An international team of researchers has successfully produced a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) in space for the first time. [15] Researchers at UCM and CSS have encountered a partial violation of the second law of thermodynamics in a quantum system known as Hofstadter lattice. [13] Any understanding of the irreversibility of the arrow of time should account the quantum nature of the world that surrounds us. [12] Entropy, the measure of disorder in a physical system, is something that physicists understand well when systems are at equilibrium, meaning there's no external force throwing things out of kilter. But new research by Brown University physicists takes the idea of entropy out of its equilibrium comfort zone. [11] Could scientists use the Second Law of Thermodynamics on your chewing muscles to work out when you are going to die? According to research published in the International Journal of Exergy, the level of entropy, or thermodynamic disorder, in the chewing muscles in your jaw increases with each mouthful. This entropy begins to accumulate from the moment you're "on solids" until your last meal, but measuring it at any given point in your life could be used to estimate life expectancy. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Astrophysics

[1792] viXra:1810.0280 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-17 07:07:21

Simulating the Early Universe

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 28 Pages.

The Big Bang has captured our imagination like no other theory in science: the magnificent, explosive birth of our Universe. [26] Scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, and their colleagues from the international ALICE collaboration recently collided xenon nuclei in the superconducting Large Hadron Collider in order to gain new insights into the properties of the quark-gluon plasma (QGP). [25] On October 16, 2017, an international group of astronomers and physicists excitedly reported the first simultaneous detection of light and gravitational waves from the same source—a merger of two neutron stars. [24] Researchers at Oregon State University have confirmed that last fall's union of two neutron stars did in fact cause a short gamma-ray burst. [23] Quark matter – an extremely dense phase of matter made up of subatomic particles called quarks – may exist at the heart of neutron stars. [22] When a massive astrophysical object, such as a boson star or black hole, rotates, it can cause the surrounding spacetime to rotate along with it due to the effect of frame dragging. [21] Rotating black holes and computers that use quantum-mechanical phenomena to process information are topics that have fascinated science lovers for decades, but even the most innovative thinkers rarely put them together. [20] If someone were to venture into one of these relatively benign black holes, they could survive, but their past would be obliterated and they could have an infinite number of possible futures. [19] The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters—it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there's a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17] Astronomers have constructed the first map of the universe based on the positions of supermassive black holes, which reveals the large-scale structure of the universe. [16]
Category: Astrophysics

[1791] viXra:1810.0279 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-17 07:51:59

The Shape of a Wormhole

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 29 Pages.

A RUDN physicist demonstrated how to describe the shape of any symmetrical wormhole—a black hole that theoretically can be a kind of a portal between any two points in space and time—based on its wave spectrum. [22] RUDN astrophysicists have suggested an approach to simplify calculations of observable effects in the vicinity of black holes to which the mathematical apparatus of Einstein's classic relativity theory does not apply. [21] Answering the question "How did galaxies form and evolve during the 13.8-billion-year history of the universe?" has been one top issue in modern astronomy. [20] If someone were to venture into one of these relatively benign black holes, they could survive, but their past would be obliterated and they could have an infinite number of possible futures. [19] The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters—it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there's a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17] Astronomers have constructed the first map of the universe based on the positions of supermassive black holes, which reveals the large-scale structure of the universe. [16] Astronomers want to record an image of the heart of our galaxy for the first time: a global collaboration of radio dishes is to take a detailed look at the black hole which is assumed to be located there. [15] A team of researchers from around the world is getting ready to create what might be the first image of a black hole. [14] "There seems to be a mysterious link between the amount of dark matter a galaxy holds and the size of its central black hole, even though the two operate on vastly different scales," said Akos Bogdan of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA). [13] If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12] For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think " the Big Bang " , except just the opposite. That's essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1790] viXra:1810.0278 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-17 11:01:29

Magnetic Black Hole Activity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

SOFIA data indicate that magnetic fields are trapping and confining dust near the center of the active galaxy, Cygnus A, and feeding material onto the supermassive black hole at its center. [23] A RUDN physicist demonstrated how to describe the shape of any symmetrical wormhole—a black hole that theoretically can be a kind of a portal between any two points in space and time—based on its wave spectrum. [22] RUDN astrophysicists have suggested an approach to simplify calculations of observable effects in the vicinity of black holes to which the mathematical apparatus of Einstein's classic relativity theory does not apply. [21] Answering the question "How did galaxies form and evolve during the 13.8-billion-year history of the universe?" has been one top issue in modern astronomy. [20] If someone were to venture into one of these relatively benign black holes, they could survive, but their past would be obliterated and they could have an infinite number of possible futures. [19] The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters—it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there's a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17] Astronomers have constructed the first map of the universe based on the positions of supermassive black holes, which reveals the large-scale structure of the universe. [16] Astronomers want to record an image of the heart of our galaxy for the first time: a global collaboration of radio dishes is to take a detailed look at the black hole which is assumed to be located there. [15] A team of researchers from around the world is getting ready to create what might be the first image of a black hole. [14] "There seems to be a mysterious link between the amount of dark matter a galaxy holds and the size of its central black hole, even though the two operate on vastly different scales," said Akos Bogdan of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA). [13]
Category: Astrophysics

[1789] viXra:1810.0277 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-17 11:21:23

Acrylic Dark Matter Detection

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 25 Pages.

Scientists have a new window into the search for dark matter – an acrylic vessel that features a grouping of 12-foot-tall transparent tanks with 1-inch-thick walls. [20] Fermilab scientists are harnessing quantum technology in the search for dark matter. [19] According to a new study, they could also potentially detect dark matter, if dark matter is composed of a particular kind of particle called a "dark photon." [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called " dark photons " in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1788] viXra:1810.0265 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-16 06:53:47

Early Universe was Fluid

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 28 Pages.

Scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, and their colleagues from the international ALICE collaboration recently collided xenon nuclei in the superconducting Large Hadron Collider in order to gain new insights into the properties of the quark-gluon plasma (QGP). [25] On October 16, 2017, an international group of astronomers and physicists excitedly reported the first simultaneous detection of light and gravitational waves from the same source—a merger of two neutron stars. [24] Researchers at Oregon State University have confirmed that last fall's union of two neutron stars did in fact cause a short gamma-ray burst. [23] Quark matter – an extremely dense phase of matter made up of subatomic particles called quarks – may exist at the heart of neutron stars. [22] When a massive astrophysical object, such as a boson star or black hole, rotates, it can cause the surrounding spacetime to rotate along with it due to the effect of frame dragging. [21] Rotating black holes and computers that use quantum-mechanical phenomena to process information are topics that have fascinated science lovers for decades, but even the most innovative thinkers rarely put them together. [20] If someone were to venture into one of these relatively benign black holes, they could survive, but their past would be obliterated and they could have an infinite number of possible futures. [19] The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters—it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there's a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17] Astronomers have constructed the first map of the universe based on the positions of supermassive black holes, which reveals the large-scale structure of the universe. [16]
Category: Astrophysics

[1787] viXra:1810.0233 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-16 04:56:23

Light and Gravitational Wave Source

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 27 Pages.

On October 16, 2017, an international group of astronomers and physicists excitedly reported the first simultaneous detection of light and gravitational waves from the same source—a merger of two neutron stars. [24] Researchers at Oregon State University have confirmed that last fall's union of two neutron stars did in fact cause a short gamma-ray burst. [23] Quark matter – an extremely dense phase of matter made up of subatomic particles called quarks – may exist at the heart of neutron stars. [22] When a massive astrophysical object, such as a boson star or black hole, rotates, it can cause the surrounding spacetime to rotate along with it due to the effect of frame dragging. [21] Rotating black holes and computers that use quantum-mechanical phenomena to process information are topics that have fascinated science lovers for decades, but even the most innovative thinkers rarely put them together. [20] If someone were to venture into one of these relatively benign black holes, they could survive, but their past would be obliterated and they could have an infinite number of possible futures. [19] The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters—it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there's a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17] Astronomers have constructed the first map of the universe based on the positions of supermassive black holes, which reveals the large-scale structure of the universe. [16] Astronomers want to record an image of the heart of our galaxy for the first time: a global collaboration of radio dishes is to take a detailed look at the black hole which is assumed to be located there. [15] A team of researchers from around the world is getting ready to create what might be the first image of a black hole. [14]
Category: Astrophysics

[1786] viXra:1810.0225 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-14 09:49:03

Dinosaurs in 3 to 5 Bar Atmospheric Pressure

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages. follow up to Mr. Levenspiel's paper

It was reasoned by another scientist that Earth’s atmosphere was probably around 3-5 Bar in thickness during the dinosaur age. This is in line with the atmospheric thinning principle of stellar metamorphosis. The thickness of stars’ atmospheres diminishes as the star evolves, therefore the dinosaurs lived in any atmospheric density greater than what it is now. In Mr. Levenspiel’s paper it is reasoned they probably lived in an atmosphere that was 3-5 times thicker than what it is now. As well, the further you go back in time to even before the dinosaurs, the atmosphere becomes thicker and thicker. This means that the atmosphere the dinosaurs lived in was thinned considerably from even earlier stages of stellar evolution, when Earth did not host life as we know it.
Category: Astrophysics

[1785] viXra:1810.0219 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-13 10:26:57

Technische Anwendungen Zur Umwandlung Der Rotationsenergie Der Erde in Elektrische Energie in Theorie Und Praxis 4

Authors: Robert Stach
Comments: 20 Pages.

Aufgezeigt werden Möglichkeiten zur Umwandlung der Rotationsenergie der Erde in elektrische Energie. Es wird der Bezug dieser Anlagen zum Michelson- Experiment verdeutlicht, ebenso die sich daraus ergebenen Veränderungen für das 2. Postulat (Konstanz der Lichtgeschwindigkeit). Aufbauend auf den dargelegten physikalischen Gesetzmäßigkeiten erfolgt zum Ende des Manuskriptes die Einordnung der elektromagnetischen Strahlung in die bisherigen Theorien zur Dunklen Energie.
Category: Astrophysics

[1784] viXra:1810.0207 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-12 06:36:37

A Beyond the Standard Model Solution using a Two-Step Integrated Physics/Mathematics Methodology

Authors: Antonio A. Colella
Comments: 24 Pages.

Two astrophysics issue resolution methodologies are: the prevailing Hawking et. al. single primarily mathematics step and a two-step integrated physics/mathematics consisting of a conceptual physics step followed by an equally important mathematics step. The prevailing single step provided most if not all of the spectacularly successful astrophysics achievements over the last century. However, it provided near zero results for multiple interrelated theories such as a beyond the Standard Model (BSM) and a Theory of Everything (TOE) solution. The prevailing single primarily mathematics step and the two-step integrated physics/mathematics methodologies are complementary and essential for future astrophysics achievements. The Standard Model (SM) consists of 16 matter and force particles: six quark matter particles (up, down, charm, strange, top, and bottom); six lepton matter particles (electron, muon, tau, electron-neutrino, muon-neutrino, and tau-neutrino); and four force particles (photon, W/Z’s, gluon, and Higgs). Although the SM is the gold standard of particle physics, it is inadequate because it: does not emphasize Higgs particles’ supremacy; does not differentiate between more important permanent and less important transient particles; defines only a single Higgs force; does not include the graviton; and does not include dark matter, dark energy, supersymmetry (SUSY), and super supersymmetry (SSUSY) of Higgs particles. Via amplification of four independent theories (superstring, particle creation, Higgs forces or bosons, and spontaneous symmetry breaking), the SM was amplified to Fig. 7 Fundamental SM/supersymmetric/super supersymmetric matter and force particles. The latter contained a total of 64 fundamental matter and force particles of which 22 were permanent and 42 transient. Figure 7 resolved all SM inadequacies and was a conceptual physics BSM solution.
Category: Astrophysics

[1783] viXra:1810.0198 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-12 15:51:57

Definition of Space

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 12 Pages.

The Space is Energy This fact can be proved directly by Earth Jupiter Distance Analysis (627 million km) That means the matter and distance are created from Energy regardless their different forms (The sun rays is different from the oil but both are energy) This fact supports the main idea in my research that: The solar group is a trajectory of Energy and each planet is a point on this trajectory.
Category: Astrophysics

[1782] viXra:1810.0156 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-10 07:45:03

Cosmological Lithium Problem

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 85 Pages.

This problem is among the still unresolved questions of the current standard description of the Big Bang. [46] Recent observations have created a puzzle for astrophysicists: Since the Big Bang, fewer galaxy clusters have formed over time than were actually expected. [45] Scanning the sky for X-ray sources, ESA's XMM-Newton X-ray observatory has been busy with the XXL Survey, its largest observational programme to date. [44] A duo of researchers from the Czech Republic has performed a study of the neutral hydrogen supershell known as GS242-03+37, a large structure in the Milky Way galaxy. [43] The energy transfer processes that occur in this collisionless space plasma are believed to be based on wave-particle interactions such as particle acceleration by plasma waves and spontaneous wave generation, which enable energy and momentum transfer. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning—all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40] The authors designed a mechanism based on the deployment of a transport barrier to confine the particles and prevent them from moving from one region of the accelerator to another. "There is strong experimental evidence that there is indeed some new physics lurking in the lepton sector," Dev said. [38]
Category: Astrophysics

[1781] viXra:1810.0154 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-10 09:39:39

Planets are Made Of

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 31 Pages.

UZH researchers have analyzed the composition and structure of faraway exoplanets using statistical tools. [14] A carbon cycle anomaly discovered in carbonate rocks of the Neoproterozoic Hüttenberg Formation of northeastern Namibia follows a pattern similar to that found right after the Great Oxygenation Event, hinting at new evidence for how Earth's atmosphere became fully oxygenated. [13] The conditions for life surviving on planets entirely covered in water are more fluid than previously thought, opening up the possibility that water worlds could be habitable, according to a new paper from the University of Chicago and Pennsylvania State University. [12] Scientists at Rutgers University–New Brunswick and elsewhere are at a crossroads in their 50-year quest to go beyond the Standard Model in physics. [11] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the electric current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. New ideas for interactions and particles: This paper examines also the possibility to origin the Spontaneously Broken Symmetries from the Planck Distribution Law. This way we get a Unification of the Strong, Electromagnetic, and Weak Interactions from the interference occurrences of oscillators. Understanding that the relativistic mass change is the result of the magnetic induction we arrive to the conclusion that the Gravitational Force is also based on the electromagnetic forces, getting a Unified Relativistic Quantum Theory of all 4 Interactions.
Category: Astrophysics

[1780] viXra:1810.0128 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-08 09:10:40

Dark Energy in String Theory

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 27 Pages.

A new conjecture is the cause of excitement in the string theory community. [23] Since the 1970s, astronomers and physicists have been gathering evidence for the presence in the universe of dark matter: a mysterious substance that manifests itself through its gravitational pull. [22] Today, an international group of researchers, including Carnegie Mellon University's Rachel Mandelbaum, released the deepest wide field map of the three-dimensional distribution of matter in the universe ever made and increased the precision of constraints for dark energy with the Hyper Suprime-Cam survey (HSC). [21] Scientists are hoping to understand one of the most enduring mysteries in cosmology by simulating its effect on the clustering of galaxies. [20] The U.S. Department of Energy has approved nearly $1 million in funding for the research team, which has been tasked with leveraging large-scale computer simulations and developing new statistical methods to help us better understand these fundamental forces. [19] According to a new study, they could also potentially detect dark matter, if dark matter is composed of a particular kind of particle called a "dark photon." [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called " dark photons " in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1779] viXra:1810.0112 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-07 11:24:36

Kepler 406c, 406b and 406 According to Stellar Metamorphosis

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 3 Pages. 2 scans of original handwritten documents

Kepler 406, Kepler 406b and Kepler 406c are placed on the Wolynski-Taylor Diagram. We will see that they are all vastly different in ages and stages of their own metamorphosis, as is predicted. This is an excellent example of how polymorphic systems can be, as it contains a very young hot Sun-like star, an ocean world very close in that is boiling away, and an extremely old super-Mercury.
Category: Astrophysics

[1778] viXra:1810.0111 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-07 11:32:59

SpaceX Mission with Astronauts

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 85 Pages.

NASA has announced the first crewed flight by a SpaceX rocket to the International Space Station (ISS) is expected to take place in June 2019. [46] Recent observations have created a puzzle for astrophysicists: Since the Big Bang, fewer galaxy clusters have formed over time than were actually expected. [45] Scanning the sky for X-ray sources, ESA's XMM-Newton X-ray observatory has been busy with the XXL Survey, its largest observational programme to date. [44] A duo of researchers from the Czech Republic has performed a study of the neutral hydrogen supershell known as GS242-03+37, a large structure in the Milky Way galaxy. [43] The energy transfer processes that occur in this collisionless space plasma are believed to be based on wave-particle interactions such as particle acceleration by plasma waves and spontaneous wave generation, which enable energy and momentum transfer. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning—all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40] The authors designed a mechanism based on the deployment of a transport barrier to confine the particles and prevent them from moving from one region of the accelerator to another. "There is strong experimental evidence that there is indeed some new physics lurking in the lepton sector," Dev said. [38]
Category: Astrophysics

[1777] viXra:1810.0099 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-06 06:56:16

Cosmological Theories Challenge

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 84 Pages.

Recent observations have created a puzzle for astrophysicists: Since the Big Bang, fewer galaxy clusters have formed over time than were actually expected. [45] Scanning the sky for X-ray sources, ESA's XMM-Newton X-ray observatory has been busy with the XXL Survey, its largest observational programme to date. [44] A duo of researchers from the Czech Republic has performed a study of the neutral hydrogen supershell known as GS242-03+37, a large structure in the Milky Way galaxy. [43] The energy transfer processes that occur in this collisionless space plasma are believed to be based on wave-particle interactions such as particle acceleration by plasma waves and spontaneous wave generation, which enable energy and momentum transfer. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning—all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40] The authors designed a mechanism based on the deployment of a transport barrier to confine the particles and prevent them from moving from one region of the accelerator to another. "There is strong experimental evidence that there is indeed some new physics lurking in the lepton sector," Dev said. [38] Now, in a new result unveiled today at the Neutrino 2018 conference in Heidelberg, Germany, the collaboration has announced its first results using antineutrinos, and has seen strong evidence of muon antineutrinos oscillating into electron antineutrinos over long distances, a phenomenon that has never been unambiguously observed. [37]
Category: Astrophysics

[1776] viXra:1810.0091 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-06 16:08:27

972 Stars in Different Stages of Metamorphosis

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 25 Pages. 1 graph, 1 data set of 972 objects

A simple graph is provided on log10 scale for masses that young hot stars become colder older smaller stars, mislabeled "planets/brown dwarfs/exoplanets" by the establishment. The data is freely available online and is sourced in this paper.
Category: Astrophysics

[1775] viXra:1810.0089 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-06 18:41:37

Does The Moon move by Gravity?

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 8 Pages.

The Moon doesn't move by the gravity forces between his and Earth masses… The solar planet generally doesn't move by gravity forces.. This paper provides proves for this conclusion….
Category: Astrophysics

[1774] viXra:1810.0080 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-05 07:40:04

Quark-Gluon Plasma Universe

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 80 Pages.

Scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, and their colleagues from the international ALICE collaboration recently collided xenon nuclei, in order to gain new insights into the properties of the Quark-Gluon Plasma (the QGP) – the matter that the universe consisted of up to a microsecond after the Big Bang. [43] The energy transfer processes that occur in this collisionless space plasma are believed to be based on wave-particle interactions such as particle acceleration by plasma waves and spontaneous wave generation, which enable energy and momentum transfer. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning—all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40] The authors designed a mechanism based on the deployment of a transport barrier to confine the particles and prevent them from moving from one region of the accelerator to another. "There is strong experimental evidence that there is indeed some new physics lurking in the lepton sector," Dev said. [38] Now, in a new result unveiled today at the Neutrino 2018 conference in Heidelberg, Germany, the collaboration has announced its first results using antineutrinos, and has seen strong evidence of muon antineutrinos oscillating into electron antineutrinos over long distances, a phenomenon that has never been unambiguously observed. [37] The Precision Reactor Oscillation and Spectrum Experiment (PROSPECT) has completed the installation of a novel antineutrino detector that will probe the possible existence of a new form of matter. [36]
Category: Astrophysics

[1773] viXra:1810.0079 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-05 08:04:32

The Quest for Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

Since the 1970s, astronomers and physicists have been gathering evidence for the presence in the universe of dark matter: a mysterious substance that manifests itself through its gravitational pull. [22] Today, an international group of researchers, including Carnegie Mellon University's Rachel Mandelbaum, released the deepest wide field map of the three-dimensional distribution of matter in the universe ever made and increased the precision of constraints for dark energy with the Hyper Suprime-Cam survey (HSC). [21] Scientists are hoping to understand one of the most enduring mysteries in cosmology by simulating its effect on the clustering of galaxies. [20] The U.S. Department of Energy has approved nearly $1 million in funding for the research team, which has been tasked with leveraging large-scale computer simulations and developing new statistical methods to help us better understand these fundamental forces. [19] According to a new study, they could also potentially detect dark matter, if dark matter is composed of a particular kind of particle called a "dark photon." [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called " dark photons " in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1772] viXra:1810.0063 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-06 03:57:52

Protons of Extreme Energies

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 82 Pages.

Approximately one year ago, a spectacular dive into Saturn ended NASA's Cassini mission—and with it a unique, 13-year research expedition to the Saturnian system. [44] Scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, and their colleagues from the international ALICE collaboration recently collided xenon nuclei, in order to gain new insights into the properties of the Quark-Gluon Plasma (the QGP) – the matter that the universe consisted of up to a microsecond after the Big Bang. [43] The energy transfer processes that occur in this collisionless space plasma are believed to be based on wave-particle interactions such as particle acceleration by plasma waves and spontaneous wave generation, which enable energy and momentum transfer. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning—all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40] The authors designed a mechanism based on the deployment of a transport barrier to confine the particles and prevent them from moving from one region of the accelerator to another. "There is strong experimental evidence that there is indeed some new physics lurking in the lepton sector," Dev said. [38] Now, in a new result unveiled today at the Neutrino 2018 conference in Heidelberg, Germany, the collaboration has announced its first results using antineutrinos, and has seen strong evidence of muon antineutrinos oscillating into electron antineutrinos over long distances, a phenomenon that has never been unambiguously observed. [37]
Category: Astrophysics

[1771] viXra:1810.0056 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-04 10:39:54

X-Ray Cosmological Model

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 83 Pages.

Scanning the sky for X-ray sources, ESA's XMM-Newton X-ray observatory has been busy with the XXL Survey, its largest observational programme to date. [44] A duo of researchers from the Czech Republic has performed a study of the neutral hydrogen supershell known as GS242-03+37, a large structure in the Milky Way galaxy. [43] The energy transfer processes that occur in this collisionless space plasma are believed to be based on wave-particle interactions such as particle acceleration by plasma waves and spontaneous wave generation, which enable energy and momentum transfer. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning—all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40] The authors designed a mechanism based on the deployment of a transport barrier to confine the particles and prevent them from moving from one region of the accelerator to another. "There is strong experimental evidence that there is indeed some new physics lurking in the lepton sector," Dev said. [38] Now, in a new result unveiled today at the Neutrino 2018 conference in Heidelberg, Germany, the collaboration has announced its first results using antineutrinos, and has seen strong evidence of muon antineutrinos oscillating into electron antineutrinos over long distances, a phenomenon that has never been unambiguously observed. [37]
Category: Astrophysics

[1770] viXra:1810.0053 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-04 12:03:15

Kepler 3rd Law Explanation (a Claim Against Nobel Prize Board Decision in Physics 2018)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 18 Pages.

A claim against Nobel Prize Board Decision – in Physics -2018 Best Greetings I send this paper as a claim to the Nobel Prize Decision Board - for their decision - for Nobel Prize in physics 2018 Of course I have nothing against the great people who receive the Nobel Prize in Physics 2018 and I congratulate them for their great works But at my side, I found there's a serious question here Because I explained frequently in my research that, there's a serious contradiction in physics current theories and we can't understand the solar group geometry if no one solves this contradiction… I Provided many hard arguments to prove this claim and thought that, the Nobel Prize Board will support me to solve this contradiction in physics. But I found the Board decision avoids my work! For that reason I summarized the main idea in this paper and send it as a claim to the Nobel Prize Decision Board And I wish the board will accept to give me a chance to explain and defend my point of view.. With the Best Regards Gerges Francis Tawdrous TEL +201022532292 E-mailgeorgytawdrous@yandex.ru Linkedln https://eg.linkedin.com/in/gerges-francis-86a351a1 Facebook https://www.facebook.com/gergis.tawadrous Academia https://rudn.academia.edu/GergesTawadrous
Category: Astrophysics

[1769] viXra:1810.0035 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-03 23:48:46

Technische Anwendungen Zur Umwandlung Der Rotationsenergie Der Erde in Elektrische Energie in Theorie Und Praxis 3

Authors: Robert Stach
Comments: 19 Pages.

!#!COL!#! 2x 375 Aufgezeigt werden Möglichkeiten zur Umwandlung der Rotationsenergie der Erde in elektrische Energie. Es wird der Bezug dieser Anlagen zum Michelson- Experiment verdeutlicht, ebenso die sich daraus ergebenen Veränderungen für das 2. Postulat (Konstanz der Lichtgeschwindigkeit). Aufbauend auf den dargelegten physikalischen Gesetzmäßigkeiten erfolgt zum Ende des Manuskriptes die Einordnung der elektromagnetischen Strahlung in die bisherigen Theorien zur Dunklen Energie.
Category: Astrophysics

[1768] viXra:1810.0027 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-02 10:13:29

Missing Dark Matter of Black Holes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

The results suggest that none of the universe's dark matter consists of heavy black holes, or any similar object, including massive compact halo objects, so-called MACHOs. [29] CfA astronomer Qirong Zhu led a group of four scientists investigating the possibility that today's dark matter is composed of primordial black holes, following up on previously published suggestions. If galaxy halos are made of black holes, they should have a different density distribution than halos made of exotic particles. [28] A signal caused by the very first stars to form in the universe has been picked up by a tiny but highly specialised radio telescope in the remote Western Australian desert. [27] This week, scientists from around the world who gathered at the University of California, Los Angeles, at the Dark Matter 2018 Symposium learned of new results in the search for evidence of the elusive material in Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) by the DarkSide-50 detector. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] " We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit. " [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22]
Category: Astrophysics

[1767] viXra:1810.0019 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-02 14:36:12

Dynamics of the Solar Wind: Parker's Treatment and the Laws of Thermodynamics

Authors: Pierre-Marie Robitaille, Stephen J. Crothers
Comments: 8 Pages.

This is a copy of the slides which were presented at the Ohio Section Fall Meeting of the American Physical Society in Toledo, Ohio on September 29, 2018: http://meetings.aps.org/Meeting/OSF18/Session/E01.3
Category: Astrophysics

[1766] viXra:1809.0584 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-29 13:00:57

The Stellar Disintegration Zone

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 52 Pages. 1 graph, 1 data set of 2,504 objects

The stellar disintegration zone is the area that separates hot Jupiters from their more evolved and evolving counterparts. It shows that hot Jupiters lose their thick helium/hydrogen atmospheres faster if they orbit close to a much hotter host star, which is predicted by the General Theory of Stellar Metamorphosis. The SDZ on this graph is between 5-9 Earth Radii, with a period shorter than 10 days. As well, the SDZ's can be different for different stars, this graph is only a generalization. Data is taken from various telescopes including the Kepler, and 2,504 evolving/dead stars are on the graph. The periods of the dead/evolving stars on the graph do not include the ones beyond 50 days, and objects beyond a radius of 23 Earths. Data for the points on the graph is included, as well as the objects' names.
Category: Astrophysics

[1765] viXra:1809.0568 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-28 13:07:59

Appearances of the Haybusa2 and Osiris-Rex Target Asteroids Ryugu and Bennu

Authors: A. Soumbatov-Gur
Comments: 48 Pages.

Properties and features of asteroid (101955) Bennu to be reached this fall by NASA’s OSIRIS-REx probe are anticipated. As of September 2018 we reconcile distant groundwork data on the asteroid in a unified approach based on the paradigm of ejective formation of celestial bodies. Recent JAXA’s observations of diamond-shaped asteroid (162173) Ryugu are also systematically considered to give grounds to Bennu’s study as explosively casted out rock body. We as well analyze data on top-like main belt and near-Earth asteroids: (2867) Steins, (341843) 2008 EV5, (65803) Didymos, and others. Dozens Bennu’s constraints and properties redicted include diamond shapes, North-South dichotomy, strong equatorial mountain range, curved northern relief features, global fault, regular equatorial depressions, ten meters wide crater in high outhern latitudes, angular crater shapes, side difference in crater statistics, larger than expected density, recent geologic activity, lined distributions of substances and minerals, restricted positions of locally synthesized organic materials, x-ray and electromagnetic transients, etc.
Category: Astrophysics

[1764] viXra:1809.0559 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-28 16:32:23

Metonic and Saros Cycles Harmony Reason

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 8 Pages.

In all my papers I try to prove just one idea, that The solar planets data are created depending on each other, that because the solar group is one machine or one body. The idea simply tells us that, the solar planets data are found based on a geometrical structure connects all solar planets together, that's why any solar planet data depends on others'… For example, if we found 3 angles their total =180 degrees we may conclude that these 3 angles are triangle angles… Similar to that …. I found 687 days (Mars orbital period) = 365.25 days (Earth orbital period) x 1.9 (Mars orbital inclination = 1.9 degrees) The previous relationship between Mars and Earth is considered as Pure coincidence by the current theories, but I try to prove that this relationship is found because there's a geometrical structure connects Earth with Mars and causes this relationship. Let's summarize the idea: -A geometrical structure connects and unifies all solar planets together to make the solar group as one body or one machine. And this geometrical structure causes each planet data to be created depending on other planets data which guarantees the planets motions harmony with each other. Now the idea is almost clear, but questions are needed to be solved..! 1-What's this geometrical structure which unifies the solar planets? 2-How this geometrical structure can be found? Let's start by answer the 2nd question: How this structure can be found? The solar group is created from one energy i.e. The solar planet matter is created from this Energy as the Equation (E=mc2) tells us, and the planet orbital distance is created also from this same Energy (my hypothesis), Let's see that in details… Suppose the Energy started her trajectory from the sun toward Mercury (this supposition is for explanation only because the Energy real trajectory is more complex) The Energy will build Mercury orbital distance (Distance =Energy) and then the same energy will build Mercury Matter (Matter = Energy), So Mercury diameter and Mass should be related to Mercury orbital distance Then the Energy causes Mercury motion, and then the Energy travels toward Venus, where in her trajectory will build Mercury Venus Distance, then will build Venus Matter, and causes Venus Motion to be in Harmony with Mercury Motion… etc So, how this geometrical structure can be found? By the Energy which creates the matter, distances and motions… this same energy needs geometrical structure to use all solar planets in one machine… So, the geometrical structure is a fact and necessity…..means, if the solar group is created from one Energy, that means there's a geometrical structure controls all these planets data … Now let's try to answer the 1st question… What's this geometrical structure, which unifies the solar planets? This is the hard question, I don't know yet this geometrical structure and I try to reach to him In fact I face real difficulties in my way…. basically because we don't know this geometrical structure rules.. For Example I found an Equation d2 = 4do(d-do) where d = Planet orbital distance do= Previous Planet orbital distance So, if we use Jupiter and Saturn orbital distances in the previous equation we'll find that it's correct Equation.. (in Fact there are 3 exceptions for this Equation) Any way the question is why? Why Jupiter and Saturn orbital distances follow the previous equation? It's a geometrical rule, but why this rule is found? No one can answer! Let's see another example The light with velocity c (=0.3mkm/sec) will travel a distance 2088 mkm (Jupiter Uranus distance) during 6939.75 seconds (but Metonic Cycle is 6939.75 days!) Also The light with velocity c (=0.3mkm/sec) will travel a distance 627 mkm (Jupiter Earth distance) during 2088 seconds This geometrical rule or feature I found frequently… The same value is used in time units and distance units!? This feature I found frequently in the solar group… why the same value is used in time and distance units?!! It's a geometrical rule but we don't know this rule and we don't understand its reason… In fact the solar group geometry is beyond our Geometry books I wish I explained my idea as clear as possible… In this paper I try to show and prove that, Metonic and Saros cycles harmony depends on the geometrical structure which unifies all solar planets. i.e. Metonic and Saros cycles harmony proves there's a geometrical structure which unifies all solar planets.
Category: Astrophysics

[1763] viXra:1809.0556 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-29 04:27:28

Effects of Planetary Rotation

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 29 Pages.

The earth's rotation causes the Coriolis effect, which deflects massive air and water flows toward the right in the Northern Hemisphere and toward the left in the Southern Hemisphere. [14] A carbon cycle anomaly discovered in carbonate rocks of the Neoproterozoic Hüttenberg Formation of northeastern Namibia follows a pattern similar to that found right after the Great Oxygenation Event, hinting at new evidence for how Earth's atmosphere became fully oxygenated. [13] The conditions for life surviving on planets entirely covered in water are more fluid than previously thought, opening up the possibility that water worlds could be habitable, according to a new paper from the University of Chicago and Pennsylvania State University. [12] Scientists at Rutgers University–New Brunswick and elsewhere are at a crossroads in their 50-year quest to go beyond the Standard Model in physics. [11] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the electric current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. New ideas for interactions and particles: This paper examines also the possibility to origin the Spontaneously Broken Symmetries from the Planck Distribution Law. This way we get a Unification of the Strong, Electromagnetic, and Weak Interactions from the interference occurrences of oscillators. Understanding that the relativistic mass change is the result of the magnetic induction we arrive to the conclusion that the Gravitational Force is also based on the electromagnetic forces, getting a Unified Relativistic Quantum Theory of all 4 Interactions.
Category: Astrophysics

[1762] viXra:1809.0518 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-26 02:51:47

Dark Matter Maps in the Universe

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

Today, an international group of researchers, including Carnegie Mellon University's Rachel Mandelbaum, released the deepest wide field map of the three-dimensional distribution of matter in the universe ever made and increased the precision of constraints for dark energy with the Hyper Suprime-Cam survey (HSC). [21] Scientists are hoping to understand one of the most enduring mysteries in cosmology by simulating its effect on the clustering of galaxies. [20] The U.S. Department of Energy has approved nearly $1 million in funding for the research team, which has been tasked with leveraging large-scale computer simulations and developing new statistical methods to help us better understand these fundamental forces. [19] According to a new study, they could also potentially detect dark matter, if dark matter is composed of a particular kind of particle called a "dark photon." [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called " dark photons " in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1761] viXra:1809.0508 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-24 09:38:30

Hydrogen Supershell in the Milky Way

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 80 Pages.

A duo of researchers from the Czech Republic has performed a study of the neutral hydrogen supershell known as GS242-03+37, a large structure in the Milky Way galaxy. [43] The energy transfer processes that occur in this collisionless space plasma are believed to be based on wave-particle interactions such as particle acceleration by plasma waves and spontaneous wave generation, which enable energy and momentum transfer. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning—all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40] The authors designed a mechanism based on the deployment of a transport barrier to confine the particles and prevent them from moving from one region of the accelerator to another. "There is strong experimental evidence that there is indeed some new physics lurking in the lepton sector," Dev said. [38] Now, in a new result unveiled today at the Neutrino 2018 conference in Heidelberg, Germany, the collaboration has announced its first results using antineutrinos, and has seen strong evidence of muon antineutrinos oscillating into electron antineutrinos over long distances, a phenomenon that has never been unambiguously observed. [37] The Precision Reactor Oscillation and Spectrum Experiment (PROSPECT) has completed the installation of a novel antineutrino detector that will probe the possible existence of a new form of matter. [36]
Category: Astrophysics

[1760] viXra:1809.0484 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-24 01:11:39

Heretical Physics Fake 'G'

Authors: John E. Miller
Comments: 15 Pages.

Newton’s ‘G’ is a measure of the error in assigning gravitational ‘g’ to be caused by mass. Newspapers continually report the failure of Students to enroll for the Physics curriculum. Also for those who do, there is a high attrition rate. Prof. Brian Cox (T.V. fame) stated “…common sense is completely worthless and irrelevant when trying to understand reality…” In an average galaxy of a few billion binary stars, each pair shares a common Aether Sphere. Their charge fields keeping them separated within the confines of a compression ‘Aether’ envelope. Pairing seems to be the best compromise of volume to minimum surface area. At a remote location at the extremities, there is a ‘single’ contained in a dust spec a few light hours across, having lost its companion after exploding but leaving behind a debris field. Debris matter, is now compressed by its surroundings, curved SPACE (EVERT; EINSTEIN), and such that each bit of debris is enveloped in an Aether Sphere to minimize energy contact. Such Aether Compression at contact initiates a force labelled ‘gravity’ or ‘g’.(Einstein;- matter tells Space how to curve) Inhabitants of a bit of debris, a blue coloured sphere, calculate this event as occurring 4.5 Billion years past. Each component of the debris field form into helical orbits around their star uniquely. These helixes travel around the Galaxy at 390km/s. There is no energy source between debris components; all energy is supplied by the Galaxy. Aether spheres maintain charge separation, while transporting their polluting debris matter. In this paper a spreadsheet will confirm each Planet and Moon has an independent SUN orbit. The helical 3D structure of planetary transport destroys the Newtonian concept of a 2D disk and its associated tangent as the defining planetary gravitational energy hypothesis. The 390km/s travel of the ‘Ecliptic Plane, a cross section of helical volume, transports Aether spheres in a spin pattern. The “Innate Tangential Velocity?” of all planets is a common 390km/s in a third dimension;- ‘Z’ Quoting Mathis;- ”… Physics no longer exists as mechanics, but replaced by ‘slippery maths’…”
Category: Astrophysics

[1759] viXra:1809.0478 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-22 05:44:27

Was Mars Terraformed

Authors: Greg Orme
Comments: 103 Pages.

This consists of a chapter from my book “Why We Must Go to Mars” and two unpublished papers. It examines the hypothesis that Mars was visited billions of years ago by aliens. They terraformed Mars by a series of oblique impacts aimed at the poles, these formed volcanoes on them including Tharsis, Olympus Mons, and Elysium Mons. The volcanoes outgassed thickening the atmosphere, they also sublimated the frozen atmosphere at the poles. The polar ice was also melted, this is traced in how it formed the Martian oceans. The rise of these volcanoes, particularly Tharsis, caused an imbalance of the planet inducing polar wander. The South Pole settled for a time a few hundred kilometres west of Hellas, the three main Martian faces (Cydonia Face, King Face, and Nefertiti) were on a great circle probably defining this former equator. Many possibly artificial formations follow this old equator. When the volcanoes cooled the atmosphere and oceans froze again at the poles, this moved them to their current positions. It also caused the extinction of the hypothesized alien colony. These papers are dated but indicate how the hypotheses of polar wander explain many of the fluvial and glacial formations on Mars.
Category: Astrophysics

[1758] viXra:1809.0468 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-22 19:01:29

The Solar Group Main Equation (Part 2)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 8 Pages.

C2= 90000 mkmm (my claim) 90000 mkm = 86400 mkm +3413 mkm +187 mkm We continue our discussion concerning the solar group main equation… The Equation tells new information: 1-The Planet Motion depends on the solar group geometrical structure and not on the gravity forces. 2-Metonic and Saros Cycles both of them originated from the same source which causes their relationship and dependency
Category: Astrophysics

[1757] viXra:1809.0438 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-19 10:25:03

Collision-Free Energy Transfer in Plasma

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 78 Pages.

The energy transfer processes that occur in this collisionless space plasma are believed to be based on wave-particle interactions such as particle acceleration by plasma waves and spontaneous wave generation, which enable energy and momentum transfer. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning—all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40] The authors designed a mechanism based on the deployment of a transport barrier to confine the particles and prevent them from moving from one region of the accelerator to another. "There is strong experimental evidence that there is indeed some new physics lurking in the lepton sector," Dev said. [38] Now, in a new result unveiled today at the Neutrino 2018 conference in Heidelberg, Germany, the collaboration has announced its first results using antineutrinos, and has seen strong evidence of muon antineutrinos oscillating into electron antineutrinos over long distances, a phenomenon that has never been unambiguously observed. [37] The Precision Reactor Oscillation and Spectrum Experiment (PROSPECT) has completed the installation of a novel antineutrino detector that will probe the possible existence of a new form of matter. [36] The MINERvA collaboration analyzed data from the interactions of an antineutrino— the antimatter partner of a neutrino—with a nucleus. [35] The inclusion of short-range interactions in models of neutrinoless double-beta decay could impact the interpretation of experimental searches for the elusive decay. [34]
Category: Astrophysics

[1756] viXra:1809.0435 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-19 12:48:23

Our Universe and a Dark Flow.

Authors: Durgadas Datta.
Comments: 2 Pages. NEW PHYSICS AND EMERGENT THEORIES.

Our confusing universe with dark flow, dark matter, dark energy and our observations from a separating speeding vehicle.
Category: Astrophysics

[1755] viXra:1809.0371 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-18 06:39:38

Nuclear Pasta in Neutron Stars

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 25 Pages.

Nuclear pasta is incredibly dense, about 100 trillion times the density of water. It’s impossible to study such an extreme material in the laboratory, says physicist Constança Providência of the University of Coimbra in Portugal who was not involved with the research. [24] Researchers at Oregon State University have confirmed that last fall's union of two neutron stars did in fact cause a short gamma-ray burst. [23] Quark matter – an extremely dense phase of matter made up of subatomic particles called quarks – may exist at the heart of neutron stars. [22] When a massive astrophysical object, such as a boson star or black hole, rotates, it can cause the surrounding spacetime to rotate along with it due to the effect of frame dragging. [21] Rotating black holes and computers that use quantum-mechanical phenomena to process information are topics that have fascinated science lovers for decades, but even the most innovative thinkers rarely put them together. [20] If someone were to venture into one of these relatively benign black holes, they could survive, but their past would be obliterated and they could have an infinite number of possible futures. [19] The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters—it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there's a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17] Astronomers have constructed the first map of the universe based on the positions of supermassive black holes, which reveals the large-scale structure of the universe. [16] Astronomers want to record an image of the heart of our galaxy for the first time: a global collaboration of radio dishes is to take a detailed look at the black hole which is assumed to be located there. [15] A team of researchers from around the world is getting ready to create what might be the first image of a black hole. [14]
Category: Astrophysics

[1754] viXra:1809.0358 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-17 11:35:22

Symmetry Breaking Between Fundamental Forces

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

A fraction of a second after the Big Bang, a single unified force may have shattered. Scientists from the CDF and DZero Collaborations used data from the Fermilab Tevatron Collider to recreate the early universe conditions. [28] Now researchers at the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI have helped to better understand the first minutes of the universe: They collected artificially produced beryllium-7 and made it into a sample that could be investigated. [27] Researchers have developed a new way to improve our knowledge of the Big Bang by measuring radiation from its afterglow, called the cosmic microwave background radiation. [26] The group's results reinforce a disagreement over the value of the Hubble constant as measured directly and as calculated via observations of primordial radiation – a disparity, say the researchers, which likely points to new physics. [25] Neutron stars consist of the densest form of matter known: a neutron star the size of Los Angeles can weigh twice as much as our sun. [24] Supermassive black holes, which lurk at the heart of most galaxies, are often described as "beasts" or "monsters". [23] The nuclei of most galaxies host supermassive black holes containing millions to billions of solar-masses of material. [22] New research shows the first evidence of strong winds around black holes throughout bright outburst events when a black hole rapidly consumes mass. [21] Chris Packham, associate professor of physics and astronomy at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), has collaborated on a new study that expands the scientific community's understanding of black holes in our galaxy and the magnetic fields that surround them. [20] In a paper published today in the journal Science, University of Florida scientists have discovered these tears in the fabric of the universe have significantly weaker magnetic fields than previously thought. [19]
Category: Astrophysics

[1753] viXra:1809.0348 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-16 06:16:43

The Evolution of Star Habitable Zones

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 3 Pages.

It was discovered that planets are older, evolving stars. This means the Circumstellar Habitable Zone collapses and/or shrinks into the star itself, thus evolves as the star evolves. Explanation is provided.
Category: Astrophysics

Replacements of recent Submissions

[618] viXra:1901.0012 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-08 10:30:52

An ab Initio Definition of Life Pertaining to Astrobiology

Authors: Ian Hegner von Hegner
Comments: 13 Pages.

Abstract Many definitions of life have been put forward in the course of time, but none have emerged to entirely encapsulate life. Putting forward an adequate definition is not a simple matter to do, despite many people seeming to believe they have an intuitive understanding of what is meant when it is stated that something is life. However, it is important to do define life, because we ourselves, individually and collectively, are life, which entails an importance in itself. Furthermore, humankind’s capability to look for life on other planets is steadily becoming a real possibility. But in order to realize that search, a definition of life is required. Progress has been made. Life is a complex, but natural phenomena that emerged and has been maintained under the dual demands of thermodynamics and evolution. Thus, any definition of life must include thermodynamics specifically, as well as evolution generally. A definition of life can be obtained through the application of first principles from physics, chemistry and biology. It must encapsulate the minimal properties that are shared between all life and demonstrate that the interconnected aspects of life are unique for precisely life and that it collectively does things other phenomena do not, as well as describe what life is. Thus, the following ab initio definition can be put forward: LifeTerra is a genome-containing, self-sustaining, chemical dissipative system that maintains its localized level of organization at the expense of producing entropy in the environment; which has developed its numerous characteristics through pluripotential Darwinian evolution.
Category: Astrophysics

[617] viXra:1812.0318 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-10 00:58:18

Sunqm-3s9: Using {N,n} QM to Explain the Sunspot Drift, the Continental Drift, and Sun’s and Earth’s Magnetic Dynamo

Authors: Yi Cao
Comments: 20 Pages.

In this paper, a Ylm cycle model with two phases has been proposed. In phase-1 of Ylm cycle, nLL effect induces a |nLL> mode mass peaking and upwelling below the surface of an {N,n}o orbit shell, and generates a equatorial fast flow stream at the surface. As phase-1 progress, the equatorial fast flow stream gets narrower and shallower, and eventually diminished. In phase-2 of Ylm cycle, |n,L,m=0..L-1> modes cause mass peaking and upwelling below the surface of the same {N,n}o orbit shell but at high latitude region, and generates an effective equatorial slow flow stream at the surface. This (equivalent) slow flow stream also gets narrower and shallower, and eventually diminished. This single model has been used to explain the sunspot drift on Sun’s surface, the continental drift on Earth surface, and both Sun’s and Earth’s magnetic dynamo. The alternation between two phases of Ylm cycle not only alternates the orientation of Sun’s (or Earth’s) magnetic field, but also supports the supercontinent cycle model. Under this model, the apparent random drift of post-Pangaea continents can be nicely depicted as an expected hydrodynamic result of a broken dam through a mouth located near the south end of South America continent. In papers of SunQM-3s6, SunQM-3s7, and SunQM-3s8, I used radial wave function R(nl) to predict the mass density r-distribution for all planets and Sun, plus the QM structure evolution for rocky planets and Sun. In papers of SunQM-3s3 and SunQM-3s9, I used spherical wave function Y(lm) to explain planets’ and Sun’s atmosphere movement, surface (or mantle) movement, and internal mass movement. Therefore, results from all these papers reveal that for all planets and stars, not only they were formed and evolved under planet’s (or star’s) QM, but the current movement of their internal mass is also determined by the planet’s (or star’s) QM.
Category: Astrophysics

[616] viXra:1812.0228 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-16 05:09:34

Equal Sized Rigid String Based New Black Holes do not Merge But, Form Herbig Haro Systems.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 25 Pages.

In Q-FFF Theory, equal sized Rigid String based Black Holes do not merge but, form Herbig Haro systems with a White Hole (also called Wormhole) in the middle as the center of plasma jet production. Q-FFF Theory postulates, that all rigid string based black holes (Bhs), with variable sizes, from semi-stable Ball lightning up to stable Comets, Dual Herbig Haro black hole bow shocks and even dual Galaxy Anchor Bhs, are negative charged from the outside and positive charged from the inside. Q-FFF = Quantum Function Follows Form at the stringy quantum scale. The origin of different charged Bh zones, is counter intuitive 1: the Bh repulsion of all Fermions and 2: the continuous pair production out of the chiral oscillating Axion-Higgs particle based vacuum lattice at the BH horizon and 3: the preference for positrons in the chiral vacuum, to merge with photons, forming a positive charged quark plasma at the inside of the Bh horizon. (see poster below)
Category: Astrophysics

[615] viXra:1811.0493 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-13 04:32:22

Molecules May Explain the Expansion of the Universe

Authors: Karan R.Takkhi
Comments: 15 pages, 6 tables, 6 graphs, 1 figure

The Hubble diagram continues to remain one of the most important graphical representations in the realm of astronomy and cosmology right from its genesis that depicts the velocity-distance relation for the receding large-scale structures within the observable Universe; it is the diagram that helps us to understand the expansion of the Universe. In this paper I introduce the molecular expansion model in order to explain the expansion of the Universe. The molecular expansion model considers the distribution of large-scale structures as molecules inside a vacuum chamber. Since large-scale structures are ensemble of atoms, therefore, they can be treated as molecules possessing finite amount of energy. Instead of considering that space is expanding, the paper emphasizes upon the actual recession of large-scale structures. The study conducted in this paper finds the recessional behaviour of large-scale structures to be consistent with the recessional behaviour of molecules. Redshift-distance relation has been plotted for 580 Type Ia supernovae from the Supernova Cosmology Project, and, the reason for the deviation of the Hubble diagram from exhibiting a linear redshift-distance relation for the structures belonging to the remote Universe has been explained by introducing the concept of “acceleration phase”. This concept further explains the reason for the observed accelerating expansion of the Universe. It is suggested through this concept that accelerating structures belonging to the remote Universe will attain a constant recessional velocity in future.
Category: Astrophysics

[614] viXra:1811.0297 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-11 21:14:30

Quantum Bang Theory

Authors: Seamus McCelt
Comments: 16 Pages.


FOUR AMAZING BIG BANG FACTS

● Big Bang: Everything in the entire universe was initially schmooshed into something the size of a proton ready to expand.
● Expansion: When the universe expands - nothing is actually moving - only space is stretching. More and more "space" is being magically created out of nothing.
● No Center: Even though they claim the universe is a certain size - they claim there is NO center - and everything everywhere is expanding equally away from everything else.
● Four: Everyone believes 1, 2 and 3.

You have to be a new kind of gullible to believe all of those things, correct? Maybe not, it is all actually true - but for different reasons.

The fabric of space is created from expansion of neutrinos - The Microcosmic Boom.
The neutrino "decay" is continually adding more & more "space" to the already existing mesh - but nothing matter-wise is actually moving.
A neutrino ● can expand - Quantum Boom - into one unit of fabric-of-space ∗
The same thing happened everywhere and is still happening everywhere now.
This is also why the CMB is smooth
Category: Astrophysics

[613] viXra:1811.0297 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-22 00:52:46

Quantum Bang Theory

Authors: Seamus McCelt
Comments: 10 Pages.


FOUR AMAZING BIG BANG FACTS

● Big Bang: Everything in the entire universe was initially schmooshed into something the size of a proton ready to expand.
● Expansion: When the universe expands - nothing is actually moving - only space is stretching. More and more "space" is being magically created out of nothing.
● No Center: Even though they claim the universe is a certain size - they claim there is NO center - and everything everywhere is expanding equally away from everything else.
● Four: Everyone believes 1, 2 and 3.

You have to be a new kind of gullible to believe all of those things, correct? Maybe not, it is all actually true - but for different reasons.

The fabric of space is created from expansion of neutrinos - The Microcosmic Bang.
The neutrino "decay" is continually adding more & more "space" to the already existing mesh - but nothing matter-wise is actually moving.
A neutrino ● can expand - Quantum Bang - into one unit of fabric-of-space ∗
The same thing happened everywhere and is still happening everywhere now.
This is also why the CMB is smooth
Category: Astrophysics

[612] viXra:1809.0348 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-17 13:18:31

The Evolution of Star Habitable Zones

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 3 Pages.

It was discovered that planets are older, evolving stars. This means the Circumstellar Habitable Zone collapses and/or shrinks into the star itself, thus evolves as the star evolves. Explanation is provided.
Category: Astrophysics