Astrophysics

Previous months:
2007 - 0702(5) - 0709(1) - 0711(1)
2008 - 0803(1) - 0804(1) - 0805(1) - 0806(1) - 0807(1) - 0810(1) - 0811(1) - 0812(1)
2009 - 0907(2) - 0908(6) - 0909(5) - 0910(2) - 0911(6) - 0912(2)
2010 - 1001(3) - 1002(8) - 1003(6) - 1004(2) - 1005(6) - 1006(4) - 1008(6) - 1009(3) - 1010(2) - 1011(3) - 1012(3)
2011 - 1101(7) - 1102(3) - 1103(7) - 1104(4) - 1105(4) - 1106(6) - 1107(4) - 1108(3) - 1109(1) - 1110(2) - 1111(5) - 1112(3)
2012 - 1201(5) - 1203(2) - 1204(6) - 1205(21) - 1206(8) - 1207(5) - 1208(3) - 1209(7) - 1210(11) - 1211(6) - 1212(13)
2013 - 1301(12) - 1302(4) - 1303(19) - 1304(8) - 1305(11) - 1306(11) - 1307(4) - 1308(13) - 1309(14) - 1310(53) - 1311(18) - 1312(16)
2014 - 1401(12) - 1402(12) - 1403(15) - 1404(11) - 1405(12) - 1406(12) - 1407(4) - 1408(8) - 1409(8) - 1410(13) - 1411(29)

Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed further down

[524] viXra:1411.0542 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-22 13:23:00

Dark Matter and Other Astrophysical Problems of Alien Civilisations

Authors: Wolfgang Westenberger
Comments: 4 Pages.

Two foreign civilisations ask for help on behalf of astrophysical problems. The most urgent problem is called “the missing mass problem“. We should be able to help them.
Category: Astrophysics

[523] viXra:1411.0536 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-21 15:18:07

Cosmic Reonisation in the Accelerating Universe

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 9 Pages.

The universe was born in the Big Bang some 13.8 billion years ago. In its earliest epochs, it was filled with a hot 'soup' of charged protons and electrons. As the newborn universe expanded, its temperature decreased uniformly. When the universe was 400,000 years old, conditions were cool enough to allow the protons and electrons to bond and form neutral hydrogen atoms. [6] This paper explains the Accelerating Universe, the Special and General Relativity from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the moving electric charges. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron’s spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The Big Bang caused acceleration created the radial currents of the matter and since the matter composed of negative and positive charges, these currents are creating magnetic field and attracting forces between the parallel moving electric currents. This is the gravitational force experienced by the matter, and also the mass is result of the electromagnetic forces between the charged particles. The positive and negative charged currents attracts each other or by the magnetic forces or by the much stronger electrostatic forces. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy.
Category: Astrophysics

[522] viXra:1411.0375 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-19 18:30:07

The Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) and Noise from the Absolute Reference Frame: Will LIGO Have to be Redesigned?

Authors: J. Catania
Comments: 2 Pages. (c) 2014

LIGO attempts to detect gravitational-waves by the effect they have on a Michelson-Morley interferometer. As the waves pass through the interferometer, whose arms are 4 km long, they induce relative length contractions and expansions of the arms which cause fringe-shifts at the detector of the interferometer. The length contractions are “about 10-18 m, less than one-thousandth the charge diameter of a proton.”1 The propagation time of a wave, traveling at c, along the 4 km arm of an interferometer is 4000 / 3 x 108 = 1.33 x 10-5 s. As of this writing (11/19/2014) no gravitational-waves have been detected.
Category: Astrophysics

[521] viXra:1411.0366 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-19 08:27:17

Spooky Alignment of Quasars

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 9 Pages.

New observations with ESO’s Very Large Telescope (VLT) in Chile have revealed alignments over the largest structures ever discovered in the Universe. A European research team has found that the rotation axes of the central supermassive black holes in a sample of quasars are parallel to each other over distances of billions of light-years. The team has also found that the rotation axes of these quasars tend to be aligned with the vast structures in the cosmic web in which they reside. [6] This paper explains the Accelerating Universe, the Special and General Relativity from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the moving electric charges. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron’s spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. [6] The Big Bang caused acceleration created the radial currents of the matter and since the matter composed of negative and positive charges, these currents are creating magnetic field and attracting forces between the parallel moving electric currents. This is the gravitational force experienced by the matter, and also the mass is result of the electromagnetic forces between the charged particles. The positive and negative charged currents attracts each other or by the magnetic forces or by the much stronger electrostatic forces. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy.
Category: Astrophysics

[520] viXra:1411.0292 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-18 19:20:01

Hubble's Law Versus Stellar Metamorphosis

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

It will be explained that Hubble's Law contradicts the General Theory of Stellar Metamorphosis in reference to determination of quasar distance.
Category: Astrophysics

[519] viXra:1411.0223 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-17 11:17:25

Black Holes in the Early Universe

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 17 Pages.

Quasars, even those that are billions of light years away, are some of the “brightest beacons” in the universe. Yet how can quasars radiate so much energy that they can be seen from Earth? One explanation is that at each quasar’s center is a growing supermassive black hole (SMBH). [13] If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12] For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think “the Big Bang”, except just the opposite. That’s essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[518] viXra:1411.0222 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-17 06:32:51

Could 'higgsogenesis' Explain Dark Matter?

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 11 Pages.

The recently discovered Higgs boson is best known for its important role in explaining particle mass. But now some physicists are wondering if the Higgs could have played an equally significant role in generating dark matter and baryonic matter in the early Universe, as well as causing the hypothetical dark matter asymmetry and the observed baryon asymmetry between matter and antimatter particles. [9] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. The magnetic induction creates a negative electric field, causing an electromagnetic inertia responsible for the relativistic mass change; it is the mysterious Higgs Field giving mass to the particles. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate by the diffraction patterns. The accelerating charges explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron’s spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The self maintained electric potential of the accelerating charges equivalent with the General Relativity space-time curvature, and since it is true on the quantum level also, gives the base of the Quantum Gravity.
Category: Astrophysics

[517] viXra:1411.0215 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-15 13:17:15

Jeans Mass/Jeans Instability is Pseudoscience

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page. 1 picture

It will be explained that Jeans Mass or Jeans Instability is pseudoscience, and the rules for initial star formation are severely outdated.
Category: Astrophysics

[516] viXra:1411.0168 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-15 14:49:44

A Journey Into Quantization in Astrophysics: a Collection of Scientific Papers

Authors: Florentin Smarandache, V. Christianto
Comments: 181 Pages.

The present book consists of 17 select scientific papers from ten years of work around 2003-2013. The topic covered here is quantization in Astrophysics. We also discuss other topics for instance Pioneer spacecraft anomaly.
Category: Astrophysics

[515] viXra:1411.0146 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-14 18:41:53

Nuclear Fusion

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

It will be explained that nuclear fusion happens as a galaxy is born.
Category: Astrophysics

[514] viXra:1411.0131 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-14 15:14:04

Nomadic Planets Near the Solar System

Authors: T. Marshall Eubanks
Comments: 15 Pages. Submitted to Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Gravitational microlensing has revealed an extensive population of “nomadic” planets not orbiting any star, with Jupiter-mass nomads being more populous than main sequence stars. Except for distant objects discovered through microlensing, and hot, young nomads found near star formation regions, to date only a small number of nomad candidates have been discovered. Here I show that there should be significant numbers of mature nomadic exoplanets close enough to be discovered with existing or planned astronomical resources, including possibly dozens of massive planets closer than the nearest star. Observational data are used to derive models relating mass, radius, heat flux and magnetic dipole moment; these are used to show the observability of nomads in the IR, due to thermal emissions, and at radio frequencies, due to cyclotron maser instabilities. These neighboring nomadic planets will provide a new exoplanet population for astronomical research and, eventually, direct exploration by spacecraft.
Category: Astrophysics

[513] viXra:1411.0117 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-14 08:33:35

Dark Matter is Not Particles, But Chunks

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 13 Pages.

Dark matter may not be made of tiny particles as most scientists believe, but instead may consist of large chunks of strange matter anywhere from the size of an apple to an asteroid, researchers said. [12] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[512] viXra:1411.0110 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-13 14:34:01

Black Hole may be a Neutrino Factory

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 14 Pages.

The evidence for this came from three NASA satellites that observe in X-ray light: the Chandra X-ray Observatory, the Swift gamma-ray mission, and the Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR). [4] The Weak Interaction transforms an electric charge in the diffraction pattern from one side to the other side, causing an electric dipole momentum change, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The Neutrino Oscillation of the Weak Interaction shows that it is a General electric dipole change and it is possible to any other temperature dependent entropy and information changing diffraction pattern of atoms, molecules and even complicated biological living structures.
Category: Astrophysics

[511] viXra:1411.0108 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-13 10:31:06

Dark Matter May Behave Like Wavy Fluid

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 15 Pages.

The mysterious dark matter that makes up most of the matter in the universe may behave more like wavy fluids than solid particles, helping to explain the shapes of galaxies, a new study suggests. [12] For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think “the Big Bang”, except just the opposite. That’s essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[510] viXra:1411.0107 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-13 09:01:22

Stellar Metamorphosis: The Accelerated Evolution of Young Stars

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

It is explained that the process of mass loss via heterolytic fissioning accelerates during stellar evolution because of lowered escape velocity.
Category: Astrophysics

[509] viXra:1411.0105 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-13 06:04:28

No Axions from the Sun

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 14 Pages.

Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun’s core. Preliminary evidence of solar axions in XMM-Newton observations has quite recently been published by Fraser et al. These authors also estimate the axion mass to be m = 2.3 * 10-6 eV. Since an axion with this mass behaves as a cold dark matter particle, the considered preliminary detection directly concerns cold dark matter as well. So, it would be a revolutionary discovery if confirmed. Unfortunately, we have identified three distinct flaws in the analysis by Fraser et al. which ultimately make it totally irrelevant both for axions and for cold dark matter. [15] Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[508] viXra:1411.0103 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-12 20:39:23

Cosmic Dust, Refraction and Emissivity

Authors: Frank H. Makinson
Comments: 3 Pages. The The BICEP2 dust controversy prompted an examination of the issues.

Cosmic dust is pervasive within our galaxy and it is reasonable to suspect it is dispersed in various ways throughout the universe. Cosmic dust has emissivity when exposed to electromagnetic energy sources. The emissivity of cosmic dust contributes to cosmic radio noise and concentrations of it alters electromagnetic waves by refraction. Cosmic dust is concentrated in our Sun’s heliosphere and the resultant emissivity products in the microwave and infrared should be detectable by land based and satellite radio telescope instruments. It is possible that many of the claimed microwave and infrared measurements of the universe have in part or their entirety mapped the energy patterns of the cosmic dust in the heliosphere rather than energy patterns beyond it.
Category: Astrophysics

[507] viXra:1411.0091 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-11 10:33:05

Dark Matter and Black Holes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 16 Pages.

If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12] For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think “the Big Bang”, except just the opposite. That’s essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[506] viXra:1411.0086 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-10 10:20:42

How a Strong Solar Coronal Mass Ejection can Eject Dust from the Moon’s Surface to the Earth’s Atmosphere

Authors: Fran De Aquino
Comments: 4 Pages.

A solar coronal mass ejection (CME) is a massive ejection of plasma from the Sun to the space. In this article it is shown how a strong solar coronal mass ejection can eject dust from the Moon’s Surface to the space. If this ejection occurs when the Moon is in specific regions of its trajectory around the Earth, then this lunar dust can be gravitationally attracted to the Earth, forming a dust shell at the Earth’s atmosphere, which can block the sunlight for some days.
Category: Astrophysics

[505] viXra:1411.0070 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-08 09:38:35

Oparin Versus Wolynski: The Structure of the Sun and Young Stars

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

It is noted that the main difference between Alexander Oparin's structure of the Sun and Jeffrey Wolynski's.
Category: Astrophysics

[504] viXra:1411.0068 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-08 08:09:16

The Location of Life Formation in the Universe

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

It is expressed in simple terms the locations in which life arises.
Category: Astrophysics

[503] viXra:1411.0059 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-07 07:22:18

Everything about Dark Energy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 13 Pages.

For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think “the Big Bang”, except just the opposite. That’s essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[502] viXra:1411.0049 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-06 19:03:25

Sunspots as Battery Cells

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page. Elementary Astrophysics

It is shown that Sun spots resemble battery cells.
Category: Astrophysics

[501] viXra:1411.0044 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-05 17:44:56

Heterolysis During Stellar Metamorphosis

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page. Star chemistry

It is explained that the process of chemical heterolysis is present in the Sun and all young stars.
Category: Astrophysics

[500] viXra:1411.0039 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-05 07:52:42

Qauntum FFF Theory, Poster News 2

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 29 Pages. 29

FUNCTION FOLLOWS FORM in Quantum FFF THEORY. The FORM and MICROSTRUCTURE of elementary particles, is supposed to be the origin of FUNCTIONAL differences between Higgs- Graviton- Photon- and Fermion particles. As a consequence, a NEW splitting, accelerating and pairing MASSLESS Dark Matter Black Hole, able to convert vacuum energy (ZPE) into real energy by entropy decrease, seems to be able to explain quick Galaxy- and Star formation, down to Sunspots, (Micro) Comets, Lightning bolts, Sprite Fireballs and Ball Lightning. Recently, lots of new cosmological information inspired me to react by the production of poster images added with explanatory texts. The result of the latest three months is gathered in this issue. Most posters added with the digital texts are also presented at my Flickr page: https://www.flickr.com/photos/93308747@N05/?details=1
Category: Astrophysics

[499] viXra:1411.0033 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-04 10:01:31

The Possible Indications of Low-Frequency Gravitational Waves Associated with a Gamma-Ray Burst GRB 051103 in Ligo Pre-S5 Data

Authors: Prygunov A. I.
Comments: 14 Pages. The file contains supplementary information

The noise sources of gravitational wave detectors for ground-based laser interferometers by example of LIGO were analyzed. As shown the low-frequency gravitational waves (GW) cause to changes in the detectors’ dynamic properties, which manifested as the Q-factor’s changes of low-frequency seismic component in a detectors’ integral noise that leads to the possibility of indirect GW’s observation in the frequency range (~ 100 Hz) of a detectors’ extreme sensitivity. The results of public LIGO data associated with gamma-ray burst GRB 051103 and the experimental estimation of GW’s properties by results of indirect observation are presented.
Category: Astrophysics

[498] viXra:1411.0022 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-03 19:04:42

Stellar Birth Versus Stellar Metamorphosis

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page. A generalization of basic star science.

The enthalpy of stars rises and falls on the whole depending on whether it is being born or undergoing metamorphosis. These differences can be generalized via basic thermodynamic phase transitions.
Category: Astrophysics

[497] viXra:1411.0021 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-03 19:10:21

Stellar Metamorphosis: Does the Sun Release or Gain Heat?

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

A simple question needed to be asked in the star sciences, does the Sun release or gain heat? The answer and its consequences will surprise any interested natural philosopher.
Category: Astrophysics

[496] viXra:1411.0013 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-02 21:15:05

General Keplerian Dynamics (GKD): A Geometrical Model for Tesla's Gravitational Field Theory

Authors: Brent Jarvis
Comments: 7 Pages.

This paper was written for the general public and it outlines the basics of General Keplerian Dynamics (GKD). GKD is a three dimensional generalization of Newton and Kepler's two dimensional laws of celestial mechanics. The dynamics of stellar systems are shown to have the same wave characteristics as de Broglie matter-waves as they orbit galactic nuclei vice the elliptical formalism proposed by Kepler and Newton. This PDF gets updated periodically. The latest date of publication was on 11/02/14.
Category: Astrophysics

[495] viXra:1410.0200 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-29 17:40:19

Dark Matter Model by Quantum Vacuum

Authors: Manuel Abarca
Comments: 20 pages

The idea of the model is quite simple: The physical vacuum is a quantum system with a minimum energy when it is in his ground state. When the space has a gravitational field the space state increase his energy levels and the mass of the space begin to increase as well. The mass of the space would be the dark matter (D.M.). Model refers to the same conception about ‘vacuum’ as the Quantum Electrodynamics (QED), which consider the space full of virtual electrons and virtual positrons. Similarly, the Quantum Chromo Dynamics (QCD) consider the space full of virtual particles, called gluons. Therefore it is easy to think that there is virtual particles which feel the gravitational forces named virtual gravitons. It is logical to think that the gravitational field excites the vacuum states in a way that “the vacuum would be heavier, the more intense gravitational field”. The hypothesis of this DM model is that virtual gravitons are Dark Matter. With this paper, the author try to explain his theory in a qualitative way, because the final theory will be the Quantum gravity (QG) which there is not exist yet. The paper is organised in four parts: The first one explain the model theoretically in a simple way because in my opinion the ultimate theory of DM will be explain by the Quantum Gravity. The second one study the spin speed star on galaxies. It is got the density formula for DM. ? and the formula ? , which connects DM density with intensity field. The third one explain the coherence between the DM model and experimental evidences known about DM. The fourth one propose six experimental test to check the model with astronomical measures. The purpose this paper is to introduce the model. To show a new origin of DM and try to convince the reader that it is worth to check the model with experimental evidences.
Category: Astrophysics

[494] viXra:1410.0198 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-29 18:24:25

The Weather of Evolving Stars

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

It is theorized that ancient stars' differentiation (evolution) can be witnessed as basic weather patterns. Weather patterns undergo thermodynamic phase transitions which can be tested in a laboratory environment.
Category: Astrophysics

[493] viXra:1410.0188 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-28 18:07:29

The Composition of Ancient Stellar Cores

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

It is theorized that ancient stellar cores are comprised of two main types of minerals. These minerals are abundant in outer space and fall to the Earth on a regular basis.
Category: Astrophysics

[492] viXra:1410.0179 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-27 20:20:46

Black Hole Poly-Entanglement Using a Nonsingular Model

Authors: Ben Steber
Comments: 5 Pages. An early drafr of my Galactic clustering and rotation hypothesis

The geometry of the Einstein-Rosen bridge presents the possibility of entanglement of nonlocal black hole event horizons. The historical difficulty in the nature of these hypersurface bridges has been singularity which was shown to destabilize the spacetime throat, preventing their prolonged existence. Singularity is based upon the Eddington-Finkelstein coordinate system and is exclusively reliant upon such a transformation of the Schwarzschild metric to be viable. Comparisons between specially and generally relativistic event horizons can demonstrate that such a transformation is not necessary to define a gravitationally bound event horizon and that a field free of singularity may yield negatively curved hypersurface geometry unbounded by eminent singularity collapse. The concept of quantum foam when applied to the principle of the Einstein-Rosen bridge may produce multiple hypersurfaces from a single such black hole. This bears the possibility that Poly-Entanglement may occur between clusters of black holes. Such physical behavior, while beyond conventional detection shows potential as an explanation for the galactic clustering and rotation behavior currently thought to be the result of dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[491] viXra:1410.0176 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-28 04:51:33

Some Alternative Possibilities in Cosmology

Authors: Hasmukh K. Tank
Comments: Five-page letter

The observations of: Paal (1992), Perlmutter(1999) and Riess (1998) led to the possibility of accelerated expansion of the universe and the ‘dark energy’, but after fifteen years of search no trace of ‘dark energy’ is observed ; so this is time we start considering alternative possibilities of interpretations of the observations. Some arguments and alternative interpretations considered here include: (i) If the expansion of space can stretch the wavelength of the photon, then its gradual entry from expanding extra-galactic space into the non-expanded space within our milky-way galaxy should shrink the wavelength of the photon back to its original length. (ii) According to Einstein, if photons are point particles then expansion of space should only increase the path-length of photons without reducing their energy. (iii) The ‘cosmic-coincidence’, that the ratio of radius-of-the-universe and classical-radius-of-the-electron, and ratio of ‘total-mass-of-the-universe’ and ‘mass-of-the-proton’, matching strikingly with the ratio of electric-forces and gravitational forces, has happened only in the current epoch, is a very-very improbable coincidence; raising doubt about expansion of the universe (iv) the ratio of: energy lost by the cosmologically red shifted photons and the electrostatic potential energy lost by the electron at that distance is directly proportional to the strength-ratio of gravitational and electric forces. Can the big-bang be so precise? (iv) Cumulative phase alteration of galactic light passing through cosmic microwave background.
Category: Astrophysics

[490] viXra:1410.0171 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-27 07:28:17

Stellar Electrochemistry

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

It is proposed that stars are electrochemical in nature, not thermonuclear
Category: Astrophysics

[489] viXra:1410.0162 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-26 13:19:25

Quantum Effects Stop the Formation of Black Holes?

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 8 Pages.

New Research Mathematically Proves Quantum Effects Stop the Formation of Black Holes. By merging two seemingly conflicting theories, Laura Mersini-Houghton, a physics professor at UNC-Chapel Hill in the College of Arts and Sciences, has proven, mathematically, that black holes can never come into being in the first place. The works not only forces scientists to reimagining the fabric of space-time, but also rethink the origins of the universe. Considering the positive logarithmic values as the measure of entropy and the negative logarithmic values as the measure of information we get the Information – Entropy Theory of Physics, used first as the model of the computer chess program built in the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. Applying this model to physics we have an understanding of the perturbation theory of the QED and QCD as the Information measure of Physics. We have an insight to the current research of Quantum Information Science. The generalization of the Weak Interaction shows the arrow of time in the associate research fields of the biophysics and others. We discuss also the event horizon of the Black Holes, closing the information inside.
Category: Astrophysics

[488] viXra:1410.0148 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-23 07:01:35

Astronomical Phenomena Disprove Einstein's Special Relativity Theory

Authors: A. V. Mamaev
Comments: 10 Pages. ISSN 2311-2158. The Way of Science.2014. No.5 (5).

This article shows that many astronomical phenomena can be explained by existence in nature of quadratic dependence of light speed upon speed of the light source motion. If such a dependence exists in the nature, the following effects can emerge in addition to the known Doppler effect: an effect of spacious grouping or ungrouping of photons and an effect of spacious deformation (compression or extension) of electromagnetic trains corresponding to photons. Using the effect of spacious grouping or ungrouping of photons it is possible to explain such phenomena as «novae», «supernovae», «hypernovae», pulsars and the object SS 433. Using the effect of spacious deformation (compression or extension) of electromagnetic trains corresponding to photons it is possible to explain such astronomical phenomena as bursts of cosmic X rays and gamma rays, red shift of far star spectrums increasing with growth of distances to stars, microwave background radiation, Olbers’s paradox.
Category: Astrophysics

[487] viXra:1410.0143 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-23 05:16:24

Black Holes, Thermodynamics and Entropy

Authors: Jeremy Dunning-Davies
Comments: 10 Pages.

Black holes, thermodynamics and entropy are three topics which both separately and together raise several quite deep and serious questions which need to be addressed. Here an attempt is made to highlight some of these issues and to indicate a possible linkage between the accepted entropy expression for a black hole and the paradox linked to black holes and information loss.
Category: Astrophysics

[486] viXra:1410.0124 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-22 08:21:52

Arguments For a Magneto-genesis of Universe

Authors: Stefan Mehedinteanu
Comments: 22 Pages. a new discovery related to the origin of Universe

A spectrum for blackbody radiation of temperature when photon creation takes place has been proposed at the end of Inflation, when opacity (equilibrium photons- ) begins to be very thick, that means no photons radiation (escape) as before, and when remain available only two photons pairs to collide in order to obtaining the first (quark) pair which generates an electrical field , for a time period corresponding to Hubble’s lengths of . This field of string type being supercritical , it captures the vacuum monopoles pairs, thus, generating the first primordial electromagnetic magnetic ( ) vortex called as . By using a simple QCD analytical model are calculated its components. Thus, in the model the Inflaton potential viewed as , by Schwinger effect at the end of the reheating period , it generates all kinds of particles of precise number as: bosons, fermions (quarks), gluons with structure of monopoles (abelian in extra-core and nonabelian in core), magnetic monopoles themselves. Immediately, at confinement, the quarks pairs forms Coulomb flux tubes , thesis capturing gluons organized in monopole type structures (hedgehog), in order to form nucleons. The primordial magnetic field is expected to scale with Robertson-Walker scale factor, as resulting at value of , which is near identically with that of the literature. By using this value, we can obtain the imprints as B-curl type due of Faraday rotation at time of .
Category: Astrophysics

[485] viXra:1410.0103 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-18 07:17:43

Axions, Hidden Photons as Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 13 Pages.

Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun’s core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[484] viXra:1410.0098 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-17 09:20:32

Hidden Photons as Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 11 Pages.

Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[483] viXra:1410.0087 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-16 11:56:40

The Characteristic Planet

Authors: Branko Zivlak
Comments: 6 Pages. 9 Formulas, 1 Table

I have calculated a relation significant for planets from a logical starting point that a whole and its parts are immanently depandant on each other.
Category: Astrophysics

[482] viXra:1410.0039 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-09 10:27:40

Evidence for Electric Dark Matter Black Hole Dust Production Inside Comets Like 67P,C-G.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 24 Pages. 24

Recent turmoil around the foundation of Black hole theory principles by Stephen Hawking and others, is a clear sign of great uncertainty about black holes and adjacent subjects. As a consequence, it seems a good moment to come up with a Black Hole alternative already prepacked in my Quantum FFF Theory ( Function Follows Form) Quantum FFF ( Function Follows Form) theory states, that the vacuum is seeded with fast opposite oscillating massless 3-Dimensional torus shaped Preons, responsible for pair production. Two Preons are able to change form into two entangled Fermion propeller strings by an overflow of energetic opposite collision. This energy overflow is supposed to be present at the black hole event horizon. Thus the FORM of all particles is based on real joints and gears, responsible for the FUNCTION even for composite Quarks and Photons, however all particles are instant entangled and guided in a dual mirror multiversal way. That dual oscillating Higgs particles are the same as Preons and are responsible for the Casimir Dark Energy of 126 GeV recently observed in the LHC at CERN. That the oscillating Higgs vacuum system is the messenger medium of all Photon information and Black Holes are equipped with a nucleus of compacted Higgs particles, compressed by the oscillating Higgs vacuum. The vacuum energy flow around such a Black hole indicates that different sized globular horizons are needed, an event or Photon horizon and two Fermion repulsion horizons. Such horizons are supposed to include even pair production (e-and e+) and compound quarks out of the Higgs vacuum. Pair production as a base for quarks and as such H2 and O and more complex atoms. Comet 67P CG, (Churyumov-Gerasimenko) seems to be a unique test bed for this theory. In the near future we will probably become aware of these phenomena by the 67P measurements of the Rosetta mission. Recent measurements and photos are already suggesting that a large variety of atoms are ejected by the Comet and surface changes seem to be the origin of local crack shaped colour changes.
Category: Astrophysics

[481] viXra:1410.0006 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-02 09:33:28

Cosmological Redshift and Gravitational Waves

Authors: Valery Zhukov
Comments: 3 Pages.

Gravitational waves cause the curvature of space. The curvatures of space lead to the conclusion that the nature of cosmological redshift and time dilation, is the same effect as the gravitational redshift and time dilation in a gravitational field. This is confirmed by the fact that the ratio between redshift and time dilation is the same for both gravitational and cosmological redshifts.
Category: Astrophysics

[480] viXra:1409.0238 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-30 04:57:48

Some Clues to Understand Mond and the Accelerated Expansion of the Universe

Authors: Hasmukh K. Tank
Comments: A three-page letter published in Astrophysics and Space Science

This letter points out that the values of ‘critical-acceleration’ of MOND, and the ‘accelerated-expansion’ of the universe are just two of the fourteen strikingly equal values of accelerations recurring in different physical situations. Alternative expressions for the cosmological red-shift, the ‘critical-acceleration’ of MOND and Newton’s law of universal gravitation are also presented.
Category: Astrophysics

[479] viXra:1409.0237 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-30 05:04:01

Some Expressions of Gravity Without the Big G and Their Possible Wave Theoretical Explanation

Authors: Hasmukh K. Tank
Comments: A seven-page paper

This letter presents some new expressions for gravity without the big G and proposes their possible wave-theoretical-explanation. This attempt leads to some insight that: (i) We need the proportionality-constant G because we measure masses and distances in our arbitrarily-chosen units of kg. and meters; but if we measure ‘mass’ as a fraction of ‘total-mass of the universe’ M0 and measure distances as a fraction of ‘radius-of-the-universe’R0 then there is no need for the proportionality-constant G. However, large uncertainties in the M0 and R0 limit the general application of this relation presently. (ii) The strength of gravity would be different if the total-mass of the universe were different. Then this possibility is supported with the help of wave-theory. (iii) This understanding of G leads to an insight that Planck’s-length, Planck-mass and Planck’s unit of time are geometric-mean-values of astrophysical quantities like: total-mass of the universe and the smallest-possible-mass h H0 / c^2. (iv) There appears a law followed by various systems-of-matter, like: the electron, the proton, the nucleus-of-atom, the globular-clusters, the spiral-galaxies, the galactic-clusters and the whole universe; that their ratio Mass / Radius^2 remains constant. This law seems to be more fundamental than the fundamental-forces because it is obeyed irrespective of the case, whether the system is bound by strong-force, electric-force, or gravitational-force.
Category: Astrophysics

[478] viXra:1409.0181 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-26 08:55:52

About Incorrect Application of the Equations in Cosmology (Including the Theory Big Bang).

Authors: Valery Zhukov
Comments: 2 Pages.

The application of the Poisson’s equation solutions in the Neumann-Seeliger paradox for an infinite universe is incorrect. Also it is incorrect to use the metric and all the equations of the Big Bang theory for distances greater than the age of the universe, i.e. outside the event horizon for any point of the universe.
Category: Astrophysics

[477] viXra:1409.0176 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-25 14:39:47

Population III Supernovae as the Origin of the Most Iron-Poor Stars

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 3 Pages.

The origin of the most iron-poor stars is very important to understand the early Universe. The origin was described by team led by Miho N. Ishigaki. Here, within the lacking part of ultimate theory, i.e. the scale-symmetric physics, I described the weak points in the presented model. The incompleteness follows from the fact that we cannot neglect influence of the dark energy on evolution of the Population III supernovae. There as well should appear the dark matter. But the initial assumption that the origin of the most iron-poor stars is associated with evolution of the Population III supernovae is correct. Moreover, the final conclusions are correct as well.
Category: Astrophysics

[476] viXra:1409.0149 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-20 08:04:07

On the Luminosity Distance and the Hubble Constant (Revised)

Authors: Yuri Heymann
Comments: 3 Pages.

By differentiating the luminosity distance with respect to time using its standard formula we find that the equation is inconsistent with light propagation. Therefore, a new definition of the luminosity distance is provided for an expanding Universe. From supernovae observations, using this definition we find that the Hubble parameter is a constant of physics equal to H0 = 63.2 km/s/Mpc.
Category: Astrophysics

[475] viXra:1409.0057 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-08 16:42:03

Stars and Planets Are “one Object” Hiding in Plain Sight

Authors: Charles Nunno
Comments: 11 Pages.

STELLAR METAMORPHOSIS is an alternative theory of planet formation. A hypothesis which stands in opposition to the Nebular hypothesis currently held by mainstream science. This is an explication of the theory where the arguments, discovery narrative and implications of this understanding of star/planet formation are presented, along with star origins and the natural philosophy of science which leads to this conclusion.
Category: Astrophysics

[474] viXra:1409.0046 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-06 20:38:08

Scale Independent Quantum Black Hole Cosmology

Authors: U.V.S. Seshavatharam, S.Lakshiminarayana
Comments: 4 Pages.

Considering the subject of black hole cosmology as a key branch of the quantum gravity, many fundamental issues of theoretical and observational cosmology can be understood.
Category: Astrophysics

[473] viXra:1409.0036 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-06 03:54:54

A Possibility of Vanishing Accelerated Expansion of the Universe When Newtonian Formula for Doppler Shift is Used

Authors: Hasmukh K. Tank
Comments: Two page priliminary note

In a paper titled: Explanation of the anomalous Doppler observations in Pioneer-10 and 11 Renshaw, C. (Aerospace Conference, 1999, Proceedings IEEE, Vol-2) finds that: “The value of the anomalous shift is shown to equal the difference between the calculated values for Newtonian and Special Relativistic Doppler expressions. The anomalous signals seem to indicate a preference for the Newtonian values.” This value of anomalous acceleration (8.0 x 10-8 cm/s2) is now known to equal H0 c, the value of accelerated expansion of the universe. It implies that if we use Newtonian formula for Doppler shift, then there is a possibility of vanishing the ‘accelerated expansion’ of the universe.
Category: Astrophysics

[472] viXra:1409.0017 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-02 15:37:23

Concept of Gravitorotational Acceleration Field and Its Consequences for the Compact Stellar Objects

Authors: M.E.Hassani
Comments: 8 Pages; 2Tables; 15 References

In previous papers [1,2] relating to the Combined Gravitational Action (CGA), we have exclusively studied the orbital motion without spin. In the present paper we apply the CGA to any self-rotating material body, i.e., axially spinning massive object, which itself may be locally seen as a gravitorotational source because it is capable of generating the gravitorotational acceleration field, which seems unknown in the previously existing gravity theories. The consequences of such an acceleration field are very interesting particularly for the compact stellar objects.
Category: Astrophysics

[471] viXra:1408.0187 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-27 09:43:48

Are the Extreme Fields of Magnetars Due to Gravitational Waves and Photon Decoupling

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 5 Pages. submitted to "Astronomy & Astrophysics"

In our Milky Way galaxy's Westerlund 1 star cluster, there's a magnetar - neutron star with an extremely strong magnetic field - whose progenitor was a star about 40 times the mass of the Sun. This behemoth should have collapsed to form a black hole, not a magnetar. The answer to this puzzle seems to lie with a companion star called Westerlund 1-5 that is now escaping the cluster. Mass was transferred from the magnetar progenitor to Westerlund 1-5, allowing its companion to shrink to a size that allowed a magnetar to be born instead of a black hole. (A study published in the May 2014 issue of "Astronomy & Astrophysics") The following preserves the necessity of a binary star system; going into detail which proposes why a magnetar, not a black hole, was born - and suggesting an answer as to why the magnetic field is so extreme.
Category: Astrophysics

[470] viXra:1408.0168 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-25 18:32:40

Stellar Metamorphosis: The Exothermic Reactions of Water During Stellar Evolution

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

For a star to synthesize water oceans a few steps of exothermic reactions are required. A simple explanation is provided to fit inside of the General Theory of Stellar Metamorphosis.
Category: Astrophysics

[469] viXra:1408.0165 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-25 10:23:40

Structural Unification of Newtonian and Rational Gravity

Authors: Jin He
Comments: 7 pages.

[The paper is precisely the preprint viXra:1407.0070 which was withdrawn as suggested by a well-known mainstream journal. However, the editors simply played game with me. I am afraid I could not find a job through my life. I am over 53 year old and got sleepless each day. Life as a creative scientist is very hard, and academic circle has turned to be a common profitable business. Galilei, Newton, Maxwell, Planck could not have had a job if they had lived today] If there were no electromagnetic interaction in the Solar system from the beginning then no heavy bodies like Earth or Sun would have existed and elementary particles would miss collision with each other due to the sparse population of particles. The solar system would have been a tiny ``spiral galaxy'' or ``elliptical galaxy'' because of the structuring nature of Newton's gravity.
Category: Astrophysics

[468] viXra:1408.0157 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-23 13:57:09

Electrochemistry, Thermochemistry and Thermodynamics in Star Evolution

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages.

It is provided for the reader a simple guide for determining if a stellar evolution (planet formation) model represents reality or ignores it. Explanation is provided outlining the three fundamental studies have been ignored in astronomy, astrophysics and geophysics.
Category: Astrophysics

[467] viXra:1408.0139 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-21 07:30:15

The Size and Energy Loss of a Wave Packet

Authors: Herbert Weidner
Comments: 8 Pages.

Combining formulas of quantum mechanics (QM) and the wave theory defines the diameter of a wave packet of circularly polarized light. This allows the calculation of the energy loss (red shift), if light traverses a thin plasma. In contrast to the Doppler effect, the total energy is conserved, also basic emission- and absorption-line physics is preserved.
Category: Astrophysics

[466] viXra:1408.0106 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-17 10:00:26

Two-Level Mass Model of the Milky Way

Authors: Dmitriy Skripachov
Comments: 4 Pages.

The observed absence of a cuspy halo in the centers of galaxies implies a certain mechanism, which scatter DM. As this mechanism is considered annihilation of galactic antineutrino DM and neutrino DM of stellar origin. Annihilation intensity increases towards the center with increasing concentration of stars and density of DM, however, the scattering effect of annihilation begins to manifest mainly in the bulge. Based on such a hysteresis of scattering effect, we make up a two-level mass model of the Milky Way, where the mass distribution is regulated at two levels of concentration by one and the same law of decreasing density, inversely proportional to the distance from the center of power of 2.5. The first level starts from the surface of the central neutron collapsar and ends at the border of the bulge, and the second level extends from the bulge to the edge of the Galaxy.
Category: Astrophysics

[465] viXra:1408.0101 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-16 10:46:16

The Size and Energy of a Wave Packet

Authors: Herbert Weidner
Comments: 13 Pages.

After the spin-flip a Hydrogen atom emits a photon, but radio astronomers measure electromagnetic waves at 1420 MHz. How and where is the photon converted into an electro­magnetic wave? Do photons really exist? This question is discussed in great detail with reference to the differences between energy measurement and amplitude measurement. The combination of formulas of Quantum mechanics and the wave theory gives the diameter of a wave packet of circu­larly polarized light. This allows the calculation of the energy loss during the traversal of a thin plasma.
Category: Astrophysics

[464] viXra:1408.0033 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-07 05:56:56

Peeking under the Event Horizon

Authors: Francois Zinserling
Comments: 11 Pages. To be presented at the ASSA symposium 24-27 September 2014

It is shown mathematically with Newtonian physics that a particle or photon can exit from underneath the event horizon of a singularity or black hole, where it can be observed, even though it may never fully escape the gravitational field. The radius of the event horizon is only an observed effect, dependent on the distance of the observer from the singularity, where Rs (Schwarzchild radius) is the event horizon observed from a distance approaching infinity. We will show that it is possible for matter to exit from the event horizon, and be observed outside the event horizon, as has been observed in many instances. While we may not be able to observe objects under the event horizon, we may observe how objects nearer the event horizon are affected from within.
Category: Astrophysics

[463] viXra:1407.0216 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-30 07:47:46

Pioneer Anomaly May be Gravitational, not Thermal

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 5 Pages.

The question and answer about spacecraft flybys (Astronomy magazine’s “AskAstro” section - August 2014) got me thinking about the Pioneer anomaly - a slight slowdown in the predicted positions of the Pioneer 10 and Pioneer 11 spacecraft noticed when they entered the outer solar system. After their billions of miles of travel, the Pioneer spacecraft are some 3,000 miles short of their predicted locations. If they were now carrying an infinitesimal extra mass due to m=E/c^2, this could account for the shortfall. I propose electromagnetic energy from the RTG (radioisotope thermo-electric generator) powering each craft is insufficient to be relativistically converted into enough mass, and suggest energy in the form of gravitational waves that are diverted towards the Sun's mass would convert into the mass causing the Pioneer anomaly. As the end of this short article states, “Though it’s possible that high-frequency electromagnetic waves like X-rays or gamma rays, as well as the subatomic particles in cosmic rays, might contribute to Pioneer’s extra mass; a gravitational cause is not invalidated since both matter and electromagnetism have their origins in gravitation“ (this is explained).
Category: Astrophysics

[462] viXra:1407.0199 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-26 09:46:00

Stellar Metamorphosis Versus Establishment Dogma: Stellar Isochrones and the Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages. 2 diagrams

In astrophysics an unnecessary concept was invented to try and explain what happens to stars as they evolve. These are known as stellar isochrones. Isochrones are rooted in the false notion that stars do not lose mass as they evolve. A corrective understanding is provided.
Category: Astrophysics

[461] viXra:1407.0190 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-25 04:54:53

There Wasn’t Big Bang.

Authors: Vyacheslav Telnin
Comments: 7 Pages.

Two ideas gave birth to this paper : The law of the galaxies scattering and the existence of the infinitely large and infinitely small numbers.
Category: Astrophysics

[460] viXra:1407.0119 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-16 21:27:40

The Revolution of Matter

Authors: James Conor O'Brien
Comments: 71 Pages.

John A. Wheeler proposed a universe where a single electron travels along a myriad of worldlines back and forth over the history of spacetime, repeatedly bouncing off the initial and final boundaries; this follows from the Feynman-Stückelberg Interpretation where an antiparticle of positive energy moves backward in time. The problem with Wheeler' s grand idea is the lack of observable positrons; it requires an equal number of antiparticles moving backwards in time from the end of the universe, and obviously this isn't the case or the universe would be exploding all the time. A solution might be found if all the positrons are converted into electrons at the moment of the big bang, and only electrons, or fermionic matter in general and not antimatter, evolve from the big bang, and it also requires there is no final boundary. It is this modified version that this paper addresses. As I attempt to show, Wheeler' s grand idea, the Hartle-Hawking no boundary proposal, and Berry's Geometric Phase are all directly related. It is proposed in accordance with the Feynman-Stückelberg Interpretation that out of the quantum vacuum the anti - particles of virtual pairs travel backwards along the axis of Time to reflect off the boundaries of a quantum potential of a scalar field at the start of the universe. It is proposed, via a mechanism that has its foundation in the Wick Rotation, the virtual particles undergo a quantal adiabatic, geometric phase reflection; and as a consequence of the Pauli Exclusion principle this shift in phase nonholonomically conflates virtual particles under Lorentz Invariance into real particles. It is proposed that this model is consistent with the Hartle - Hawking state; leads directly to Guth's Inflationary model; and finally the results are shown consistent with the Sakharov conditions for the Big Bang.
Category: Astrophysics

[459] viXra:1406.0171 [pdf] submitted on 2014-06-27 18:57:06

Coronal Heating Problem

Authors: Nainan K. Varghese
Comments: 7 Pages.

Abstract: Sun's corona appears much hotter than its surface. Temperature of coronal region, which is farther from the surface by more than eight times the radius of sun, is estimated to be over 1 million degrees Kelvin while temperature of sun’s surface is only about 6000 degrees Kelvin. (Temperature at the center of sun is estimated at about 15 million degrees Kelvin). Earth, with average matter-density of 5515 Kg/m^3 and mean radius of 6360 km, has an atmosphere that extends to about 700 km (about 11% of radius). Beyond this distance there is no perceptible concentration of 3D matter-particles. On the other hand, sun with average matter-density of 1408 kg/m^3 and mean radius of 696000 km is determined to have an atmosphere that extends to its coronal region at a distance of about eight times its mean radius (about 800% of radius). It is absurd to think that sun can sustain concentration of matter-particles at this distance, with sufficient matter-density that can heat up to the estimated temperature of coronal region. As contemporary physical theories are unable to explain any logical mechanism that can produce this difference, it is considered as ‘coronal heating problem’ in physics. Alternative concept, presented in book ‘MATTER (Re-examined)’ has a logical mechanism that can produce observed radiation from coronal region (which is far beyond the limit of its atmosphere).
Category: Astrophysics

[458] viXra:1406.0152 [pdf] submitted on 2014-06-24 22:00:18

Why Exponential Disk?

Authors: Jin He
Comments: 6 pages. 2 figures.

Galaxies demonstrate spectacular structure and ordinary spiral galaxies are simply an exponential disk. A rational structure has at least one net of orthogonal Darwin curves, and the exponential disk has infinite nets. This paper proves that the nets of Darwin curves of exponential disk define an intrinsic vector field in the disk plane. Finally, a proposition is given that the vector field should connect to the phenomenon of constant rotation curves.
Category: Astrophysics

[457] viXra:1406.0139 [pdf] submitted on 2014-06-22 13:49:27

Planetary Cores

Authors: Florentino Muñiz Ania
Comments: 4 Pages.

English (traslation): The current model of the structure of the planets at issue in this article. Arguing that probably your inner core is composed of hydrogen (like the stars), and temperature Hartree. It is also proposed that the age of the planets is the same as that of the stars. And while they generate electromagnetic radiation, the planets would generate matter. Spanish (original): Se cuestiona en éste artículo el actual modelo de la estructura de los planetas. Argumentando que probablemente su núcleo interno esté compuesto por hidrógeno (al igual que las estrellas), y a la temperatura de Hartree. Se propone asimismo que la antigüedad de los planetas es la misma que la de las estrellas. Y que mientras éstas generan radiación electromagnética, los planetas generarían materia.
Category: Astrophysics

[456] viXra:1406.0134 [pdf] submitted on 2014-06-22 03:17:08

The Insoluble and Illogical Dark Matter Paradox

Authors: Ivar Nielsen
Comments: 5 Pages.

This paper discards the very idea of dark matter and reveals the illogical and inconsistent consensus hypothesis of gravity. Astrophysicists hypothesized dark matter because of discrepancies between the mass of large astronomical objects determined from their gravitational effects and the mass calculated from the "luminous matter" they contain: stars, gas, and dust. Dark matter was first postulated by Jan Oort in 1932 to account for the orbital velocities of stars in the Milky Way and by Fritz Zwicky in 1933 to account for evidence of "missing mass" in the orbital velocities of galaxies in clusters. Subsequently, many other observations have indicated the presence of dark matter in the universe, including the rotational speeds of galaxies by Vera Rubin.
Category: Astrophysics

[455] viXra:1406.0133 [pdf] submitted on 2014-06-21 13:13:12

The Graviton in an Equilibrium Universe and the Holographic Principle

Authors: David Harding
Comments: 11 Pages.

This study concludes that the universe is necessarily in equilibrium, that all black holes weigh the same per meter, exibit the same force, and that the universe “sees” a specific value as the Graviton, the quintessence of existence. This virtual particle is equal to the Schwarzschild /de Broglie product of any mass or particle whatsoever. The relation confirms that the source of all things is the Planck Interaction, and also, that all particles and all masses should be defined by their Schwarzschild radii, as well as by their de Broglie radii. Further we conclude that the universe is indeed holographic (as described above), yet with the appearance that it is also a finite black hole, and we being observers within it, exist within a predefined space, as governed by the natural constants. It was noted, that we can only observe matter that has not fallen into smaller event horizons. As such, this state includes us as observers. We can observe all matter within our defined space (the universal event horizon), but beyond this space (either larger or smaller) we can observe nothing.
Category: Astrophysics

[454] viXra:1406.0102 [pdf] submitted on 2014-06-16 07:41:22

Establishment Dogma Versus Stellar Metamorphosis: New and Old Stars

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

In establishment dogma, a star is classified as a Population I (young) or a Population II (old) star. This is based on Big Bang Creationism. Stellar metamorphosis offers a replacement understanding.
Category: Astrophysics

Replacements of recent Submissions

[222] viXra:1411.0536 [pdf] replaced on 2014-11-22 05:58:11

Cosmic Reionisation in the Accelerating Universe

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 9 Pages.

The universe was born in the Big Bang some 13.8 billion years ago. In its earliest epochs, it was filled with a hot 'soup' of charged protons and electrons. As the newborn universe expanded, its temperature decreased uniformly. When the universe was 400,000 years old, conditions were cool enough to allow the protons and electrons to bond and form neutral hydrogen atoms. [6] This paper explains the Accelerating Universe, the Special and General Relativity from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the moving electric charges. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron’s spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The Big Bang caused acceleration created the radial currents of the matter and since the matter composed of negative and positive charges, these currents are creating magnetic field and attracting forces between the parallel moving electric currents. This is the gravitational force experienced by the matter, and also the mass is result of the electromagnetic forces between the charged particles. The positive and negative charged currents attracts each other or by the magnetic forces or by the much stronger electrostatic forces. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy.
Category: Astrophysics

[221] viXra:1411.0013 [pdf] replaced on 2014-11-06 11:19:36

A Geometrical Model for Tesla's Gravitational Field Theory

Authors: Brent Jarvis
Comments: 7 Pages.

This paper was written for the general public and it outlines the basics of General Keplerian Dynamics (GKD). GKD is a three dimensional generalization of Newton and Kepler's two dimensional laws of celestial mechanics. The dynamics of stellar systems are shown to have the same wave characteristics as de Broglie matter-waves as they orbit galactic nuclei vice the elliptical formalism proposed by Kepler and Newton. This PDF gets updated periodically. The latest date of publication was on 11/06/14.
Category: Astrophysics

[220] viXra:1411.0013 [pdf] replaced on 2014-11-06 02:29:09

A Geometrical Model for Tesla's Gravitational Field Theory

Authors: Brent Jarvis
Comments: 7 Pages.

This paper was written for the general public and it outlines the basics of General Keplerian Dynamics (GKD). GKD is a three dimensional generalization of Newton and Kepler's two dimensional laws of celestial mechanics. The dynamics of stellar systems are shown to have the same wave characteristics as de Broglie matter-waves as they orbit galactic nuclei vice the elliptical formalism proposed by Kepler and Newton. This PDF gets updated periodically. The latest date of publication was on 11/03/14.
Category: Astrophysics

[219] viXra:1410.0039 [pdf] replaced on 2014-11-12 05:06:18

Evidence for Electric Dark Matter Black Hole Dust and Ice Production Inside Comets Like 67P,C-G.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 27 Pages. 27

Recent turmoil around the foundation of Black hole theory principles by Stephen Hawking and others, is a clear sign of great uncertainty about black holes and adjacent subjects. As a consequence, it seems a good moment to come up with a Black Hole alternative already prepacked in my Quantum FFF Theory ( Function Follows Form) Quantum FFF ( Function Follows Form) theory states, that the vacuum is seeded with fast opposite oscillating massless 3-Dimensional torus shaped Preons, responsible for pair production. Two Preons are able to change form into two entangled Fermion propeller strings by an overflow of energetic opposite collision. This energy overflow is supposed to be present at the black hole event horizon. Thus the FORM of all particles is based on real joints and gears, responsible for the FUNCTION even for composite Quarks and Photons, however all particles are instant entangled and guided in a dual mirror multiversal way. That dual oscillating Higgs particles are the same as Preons and are responsible for the Casimir Dark Energy of 126 GeV recently observed in the LHC at CERN. That the oscillating Higgs vacuum system is the messenger medium of all Photon information and Black Holes are equipped with a nucleus of compacted Higgs particles, compressed by the oscillating Higgs vacuum. The vacuum energy flow around such a Black hole indicates that different sized globular horizons are needed, an event or Photon horizon and two Fermion repulsion horizons. Such horizons are supposed to include even pair production (e-and e+) and compound quarks out of the Higgs vacuum. Pair production as a base for quarks and as such H2 and O and more complex atoms. Comet 67P CG, (Churyumov-Gerasimenko) seems to be a unique test bed for this theory. In the near future we will probably become aware of these phenomena by the 67P measurements of the Rosetta lander mission. Recent measurements and photos are already suggesting that a large variety of atoms are ejected by the Comet and surface changes seem to be the origin of local crack shaped colour changes. The magnetic field of the comet seems to sing 3 times every minute by the internal tectonic shocks. The dusty jets observed from the so called “Neck” of the comet seem to be a sign for a central Birkeland Alfven current circuit effect on dust acceleration and violating the solar heat erosion theory.
Category: Astrophysics

[218] viXra:1410.0039 [pdf] replaced on 2014-11-11 06:00:00

Evidence for Electric Dark Matter Black Hole Dust and Ice Production Inside Comets Like 67P,C-G.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 27 Pages. 27

Recent turmoil around the foundation of Black hole theory principles by Stephen Hawking and others, is a clear sign of great uncertainty about black holes and adjacent subjects. As a consequence, it seems a good moment to come up with a Black Hole alternative already prepacked in my Quantum FFF Theory ( Function Follows Form) Quantum FFF ( Function Follows Form) theory states, that the vacuum is seeded with fast opposite oscillating massless 3-Dimensional torus shaped Preons, responsible for pair production. Two Preons are able to change form into two entangled Fermion propeller strings by an overflow of energetic opposite collision. This energy overflow is supposed to be present at the black hole event horizon. Thus the FORM of all particles is based on real joints and gears, responsible for the FUNCTION even for composite Quarks and Photons, however all particles are instant entangled and guided in a dual mirror multiversal way. That dual oscillating Higgs particles are the same as Preons and are responsible for the Casimir Dark Energy of 126 GeV recently observed in the LHC at CERN. That the oscillating Higgs vacuum system is the messenger medium of all Photon information and Black Holes are equipped with a nucleus of compacted Higgs particles, compressed by the oscillating Higgs vacuum. The vacuum energy flow around such a Black hole indicates that different sized globular horizons are needed, an event or Photon horizon and two Fermion repulsion horizons. Such horizons are supposed to include even pair production (e-and e+) and compound quarks out of the Higgs vacuum. Pair production as a base for quarks and as such H2 and O and more complex atoms. Comet 67P CG, (Churyumov-Gerasimenko) seems to be a unique test bed for this theory. In the near future we will probably become aware of these phenomena by the 67P measurements of the Rosetta lander mission. Recent measurements and photos are already suggesting that a large variety of atoms are ejected by the Comet and surface changes seem to be the origin of local crack shaped colour changes. The dusty jets observed from the so called “Neck” of the comet seem to be a sign for a central Birkeland Alfven current circuit effect on dust acceleration and violating the solar heat erosion theory.
Category: Astrophysics

[217] viXra:1410.0039 [pdf] replaced on 2014-10-21 04:45:38

Evidence for Electric Dark Matter Black Hole Dust Production Inside Comets Like 67P,C-G.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 26 Pages. 26

Recent turmoil around the foundation of Black hole theory principles by Stephen Hawking and others, is a clear sign of great uncertainty about black holes and adjacent subjects. As a consequence, it seems a good moment to come up with a Black Hole alternative already prepacked in my Quantum FFF Theory ( Function Follows Form) Quantum FFF ( Function Follows Form) theory states, that the vacuum is seeded with fast opposite oscillating massless 3-Dimensional torus shaped Preons, responsible for pair production. Two Preons are able to change form into two entangled Fermion propeller strings by an overflow of energetic opposite collision. This energy overflow is supposed to be present at the black hole event horizon. Thus the FORM of all particles is based on real joints and gears, responsible for the FUNCTION even for composite Quarks and Photons, however all particles are instant entangled and guided in a dual mirror multiversal way. That dual oscillating Higgs particles are the same as Preons and are responsible for the Casimir Dark Energy of 126 GeV recently observed in the LHC at CERN. That the oscillating Higgs vacuum system is the messenger medium of all Photon information and Black Holes are equipped with a nucleus of compacted Higgs particles, compressed by the oscillating Higgs vacuum. The vacuum energy flow around such a Black hole indicates that different sized globular horizons are needed, an event or Photon horizon and two Fermion repulsion horizons. Such horizons are supposed to include even pair production (e-and e+) and compound quarks out of the Higgs vacuum. Pair production as a base for quarks and as such H2 and O and more complex atoms. Comet 67P CG, (Churyumov-Gerasimenko) seems to be a unique test bed for this theory. In the near future we will probably become aware of these phenomena by the 67P measurements of the Rosetta lander mission. Recent measurements and photos are already suggesting that a large variety of atoms are ejected by the Comet and surface changes seem to be the origin of local crack shaped colour changes. The dusty jets observed from the so called “Neck” of the comet seem to be a sign for a central Birkeland Alfven current circuit effect on dust acceleration and violating the solar heat erosion theory.
Category: Astrophysics

[216] viXra:1409.0149 [pdf] replaced on 2014-10-16 00:40:53

On the Luminosity Distance and the Hubble Constant (Revised)

Authors: Yuri Heymann
Comments: 3 Pages.

By differentiating the standard formula for the luminosity distance with respect to time, we find that the equation is inconsistent with light propagation. Therefore, a new defnition of the luminosity distance is provided for an expanding Universe. From supernovae observations, using this defnition we find that the Hubble parameter is a constant of physics equal to Ho = 63.2 km/s/Mpc.
Category: Astrophysics

[215] viXra:1409.0017 [pdf] replaced on 2014-09-10 15:19:45

The Concept of Gravitorotational Acceleration Field and its Consequences for Compact Stellar Objects

Authors: M.E.Hassani
Comments: 8 Page; 2 Tables; 17 References.

In a previous series of papers relating to the Combined Gravitational Action (CGA), we have exclusively studied orbital motion without spin. In the present paper we apply CGA to any self-rotating material body, i.e., an axially spinning massive object, which itself may be locally seen as a gravitorotational source because it is capable of generating the gravitorotational acceleration field, which seems to be unknown to previously existing theories of gravity. The consequences of such an acceleration field are very interesting,particularly for Compact Stellar Objects.
Category: Astrophysics

[214] viXra:1408.0139 [pdf] replaced on 2014-08-25 13:43:31

The Size and Energy Loss of a Wave Packet

Authors: Herbert Weidner
Comments: 9 Pages.

Combining formulas of quantum mechanics (QM) and the wave theory defines the diameter of a wave packet of circularly polarized light. This allows the calculation of the energy loss (red shift), if light traverses a thin plasma. In contrast to the Doppler effect, the total energy is conserved, also basic emission- and absorption-line physics is preserved.
Category: Astrophysics

[213] viXra:1407.0190 [pdf] replaced on 2014-08-10 05:34:20

There Wasn’t Big Bang.

Authors: Vyacheslav Telnin
Comments: 7 Pages.

Two ideas gave birth to this paper : The law of the galaxies scattering and the existence of the infinitely large and infinitely small numbers.
Category: Astrophysics

[212] viXra:1407.0190 [pdf] replaced on 2014-08-08 00:15:29

There Wasn’t Big Bang.

Authors: Vyacheslav Telnin
Comments: 7 Pages.

Two ideas gave birth to this paper : The law of the galaxies scattering and the existence of the infinitely large and infinitely small numbers.
Category: Astrophysics

[211] viXra:1406.0133 [pdf] replaced on 2014-06-24 19:11:49

The Graviton in an Equilibrium Universe and the Holographic Principle

Authors: David Harding
Comments: 11 Pages.

This study concludes that the universe is necessarily in equilibrium, that all black holes weigh the same per meter, exibit the same force, and that the universe “sees” a specific value as the Graviton, the quintessence of existence. This virtual particle is equal to the Schwarzschild /de Broglie product of any mass or particle whatsoever. The relation confirms that the source of all things is the Planck Interaction, and also, that all particles and all masses should be defined by their Schwarzschild radii, as well as by their de Broglie radii. Further we conclude that the universe is indeed holographic (as described above), yet with the appearance that it is also a finite black hole, and we being observers within it, exist within a predefined space, as governed by the natural constants. It was noted, that we can only observe matter that has not fallen into smaller event horizons. As such, this state includes us as observers. We can observe all matter within our defined space (the universal event horizon), but beyond this space (either larger or smaller) we can observe nothing.
Category: Astrophysics