Astrophysics

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Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed farther down

[1643] viXra:1806.0277 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-15 07:38:58

Dark Matter with Radio Pulsars

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, have proposed a new experiment that makes use of super-dense stars to learn more about the interaction of dark matter with standard matter. [29] CfA astronomer Qirong Zhu led a group of four scientists investigating the possibility that today's dark matter is composed of primordial black holes, following up on previously published suggestions. If galaxy halos are made of black holes, they should have a different density distribution than halos made of exotic particles. [28] A signal caused by the very first stars to form in the universe has been picked up by a tiny but highly specialised radio telescope in the remote Western Australian desert. [27] This week, scientists from around the world who gathered at the University of California, Los Angeles, at the Dark Matter 2018 Symposium learned of new results in the search for evidence of the elusive material in Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) by the DarkSide-50 detector. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] " We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit. " [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22]
Category: Astrophysics

[1642] viXra:1806.0243 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-17 13:02:43

Reinterpretation of the Robertson-Walker Metric, the Shapes of the Cosmos, and the Cosmological Constant

Authors: Ru-Jiao Zhang
Comments: 9 Pages.

The Robertson-Walker metric has been recognized for describing the global space-time Universe which could be one of the three models: flat ( = 0), closed ( = 0) or open ( = −0). This paper reinterprets the Robertson-Walker metric, which actually describe the geometrical shapes of the global space-time Universe and two local space-time. The global space-time is the “infinite” hyper-sphere of the Universe without boundary (open sphere). The two forms of local space-time caused by the agglomeration of matter into stars and stellar systems, which appeared as sphere (or ellipsoid) and flat. The shapes of spheres range from small elementary particles in quantum physics to planets, stars and giant objects such as globular nebulae in cosmological physics. The flat shapes are disk like galaxies, and the solar system in its infancy, etc. In last chapter, the cosmological constant was derived from the volume of the five dimension hyper-sphere. The cosmological constant is relevant with the Gaussian curvature 1/R^2 of the Universe. The value of the cosmological constant is: = 5(Ho^2)/(2πc^2)
Category: Astrophysics

[1641] viXra:1806.0212 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-19 15:23:09

Uranus Position In The Sky

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 7 Pages.

Uranus and Neptune are perpendicular on Saturn level i.e. Saturn Orbital Distance locates at horizontal level with all planets (Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn) – let's call it (Saturn level) Uranus and Neptune are on vertical level related to Saturn level - let's call it ( Uranus level) So Uranus level is perpendicular on Saturn level
Category: Astrophysics

[1640] viXra:1806.0209 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-20 02:12:20

The Sun Data shows Relativistic Effects (revised)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 47 Pages.

Abstract -The Sun Data shows Relativistic Effects. i.e. -There's a physical point in the solar group moves with c velocity relative to another physical point in the solar group. and this high velocity causes the relativistic effects which are observed and recorded in this paper -The Solar Planets Data Analysis shows that, Mars Original Orbital Distance was = 84 million km. but because of the relativistic effects, Mars had to immigrate from his original point to his new point at orbital distance = 227.9 million km. -This paper provide analyzed data and explanations to prove these 2 facts which are: 1.There's motion with c velocity inside the solar group 2.Mars immigrated from his original point at orbital distance 84 million km to his new orbital distance 227.9 million km
Category: Astrophysics

[1639] viXra:1806.0163 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-12 20:36:01

Ganymede on the Wolynski-Taylor Diagram: No Life Now or in the Past

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 3 Pages. 1 diagram

Ganymede is a unique remnant. The variables need to be worked out more in depth. It is proposed as a challenge for future developers of stellar metamorphosis to figure out if life formed on Ganymede based on first principles, or even principles that have yet to be discovered. It is suggested to follow the work of Daniel Archer and Jeremy L. England to further refine these conclusions. It is important to write about these matters, because as of 2018 there exists not a single theory that comes close to explaining how and why life should form on evolving stars, except for GTSM. I place Ganymede as moving too quickly to ocean world stages.
Category: Astrophysics

[1638] viXra:1806.0137 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-10 12:11:23

Earth Motion Produces the Moon Orbit

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 28 Pages.

Abstract Earth Motion Energy produces the Moon Orbit based on The relativistic Motion Example for Explanation: In Lorentz Length contraction Equation If -Lo = Earth Daily Motion = 2.58 million -v= 0.99 c (Earth hidden velocity- Hypothesis) -L = 363000 km (the distance between Earth and moon at Perigee Point) -Lo= 7.09 L That means Earth Energy Motion moves toward the moon and builds the moon orbit by this Energy (that proves Earth has a hidden velocity =0.99c) The Basic Concept The Solar Group is consisted of one unified Energy, which passes and transports from point to another through the solar group This unified Energy creates the solar planets matters, orbital distances and motions Means the whole group is connected together by the same line of Energy, that's why we should consider the solar group as one body So if the moon orbit is built by Earth motion energy (as we'll study in this paper) That will be an example for the whole solar group, the solar group can be similar to a river has many canals, each canal effects on the others also the solar group can be similar to group of gears, each gear effects on the others motions, In Brief I claim, The Solar groups is an integrated and cooperated system The components of this system are created by an unified Energy, where this same unified Energy is transported from point to another through the solar group to cause the creation and motion of all these components and no solar component is found out of this Energy (Solar components means the solar planets masses, orbital distances …and all other data)
Category: Astrophysics

[1637] viXra:1806.0111 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-10 00:11:50

Balloon Inside Balloon Theory.

Authors: Durgadas Datta.
Comments: 3 Pages. PHYSICS BEYOND STANDARD MODEL.

NEGATIVE TIME DESCRIBED BY FEYNMAN HAS A PROFOUND MEANING IN ADDITION TO ITS MATHEMATICAL TRICK EFFECT. OUR CONCEPT OF MIRROR UNIVERSES PUBLISHED BY ME IN YEAR 2002 AS A COMMENT IN ASTRONOMY .NET IS BECOMING RELEVANT DAY BY DAY.
Category: Astrophysics

[1636] viXra:1806.0101 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-08 08:06:19

Neutron Stars Quark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 31 Pages.

Quark matter – an extremely dense phase of matter made up of subatomic particles called quarks – may exist at the heart of neutron stars. [22] When a massive astrophysical object, such as a boson star or black hole, rotates, it can cause the surrounding spacetime to rotate along with it due to the effect of frame dragging. [21] Rotating black holes and computers that use quantum-mechanical phenomena to process information are topics that have fascinated science lovers for decades, but even the most innovative thinkers rarely put them together. [20] If someone were to venture into one of these relatively benign black holes, they could survive, but their past would be obliterated and they could have an infinite number of possible futures. [19] The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters—it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there's a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17] Astronomers have constructed the first map of the universe based on the positions of supermassive black holes, which reveals the large-scale structure of the universe. [16] Astronomers want to record an image of the heart of our galaxy for the first time: a global collaboration of radio dishes is to take a detailed look at the black hole which is assumed to be located there. [15] A team of researchers from around the world is getting ready to create what might be the first image of a black hole. [14] "There seems to be a mysterious link between the amount of dark matter a galaxy holds and the size of its central black hole, even though the two operate on vastly different scales," said Akos Bogdan of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA). [13] If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12] For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think " the Big Bang " , except just the opposite. That's essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1635] viXra:1806.0098 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-07 05:51:05

Dark Matter Fusion

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

Fusion may have a dark side. A shadowy hypothetical process called “dark fusion” could be occurring throughout the cosmos, a new study suggests. [28] A recent astronomical observation that the ordinary matter in the early universe was much cooler than expected could be explained if a small proportion of dark matter has a tiny electric charge. [27] This week, scientists from around the world who gathered at the University of California, Los Angeles, at the Dark Matter 2018 Symposium learned of new results in the search for evidence of the elusive material in Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) by the DarkSide-50 detector. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] “We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit.” [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter—the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20]
Category: Astrophysics

[1634] viXra:1806.0079 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-08 04:43:09

Thermodynamics and the Virial Theorem, Gravitational Collapse and the Virial Theorem: Insight from the Laws of Thermodynamics

Authors: Pierre-Marie Robitaille
Comments: 3 Pages.

Application of the virial theorem, when combined with results from the kinetic theory of gases, has been linked to gravitational collapse when the mass of the resulting assembly is greater than the Jeans mass, MJ. While the arguments appear straightforward, the incorporation of temperature into these equations, using kinetic theory, results in a conflict with the laws of thermodynamics. Temperature must always be viewed as an intensive property. However, it is readily demonstrated that this condition is violated when the gravitational collapse of a free gas is considered using these approaches. The result implies star formation cannot be based on the collapse of a self-gravitating gaseous mass.
Category: Astrophysics

[1633] viXra:1806.0068 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-07 01:07:32

Primordial Electric Dark Matter Black Holesoutside Galaxies Responsible for the Creation and Contraction of a Cyclic Multi-Universe.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 30 Pages.

For years, Stephen Hawking (and Hartle) has been applying the No Boundary Proposal,or the idea that the universe is “closed“and can have a beginning, and an end, however still exist forever.I will call this aclosed cyclic universe and for symmetry reasons a cyclic entangled raspberry shaped multiverse based on my proposal for the Quantum Function Follows Form (FFF)model.The Form and Microstructure of elementary particles, is supposed to be the origin of Functional differences between Higgs- Graviton- Photon- and Fermion particles. As a consequence, a newparadigm splitting, accelerating and pairing massless Dark Matter Black Hole (without Graviton production) is able to convert vacuum energy (ZPE) into real energy by entropy decrease and quark electron positron production at the black hole horizon. Secondly, a Chiral dark energy Higgs vacuum lattice, is able to explain quick Gas and Dust production without large annihilation at the black hole horizon and Galaxy- and Star formation. Even microscopic black holes like Sunspots, (Micro) Comets, Lightning bolts, Sprite Fireballs and Ball Lightning seem to produce gas.However only the largest Primordial Galaxy Anchor Black Holes (GABHs) located far outside galaxies, are supposed to stop gas and dust production and by merging with other black holes theyshould be the ultimate origin of universal contractioninto a Big Crunch and a cyclic multiverse.The Hubble redshift, in contrast with the mainstream, is supposed to originate local vacuum lattice dilution created by local dark matter black holes.All black holes eat the Higgs vacuum latticewith a local Planck length extension-as the result and the base for frequency decrease of a passing photon.As a result, GABHs are only observable by their background lensing effect and as quasi-soft x-ray sources,to be found in particulararound merger galaxies, due to swirling gas and dust expelled from the galaxies.. (1) Primordial Electric Dark Matter Black Holes outside Galaxies responsible for the creation and contraction of a Cyclic Universe.. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/276916753_Primordial_Electric_Dark_Matter_Black_Holes_outside_Galaxies_responsible_for_the_creation_and_contraction_of_a_Cyclic_Universe [accessed Jun 07 2018].
Category: Astrophysics

[1632] viXra:1806.0059 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-05 09:35:07

Galaxy Clusters Upend Einstein

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

It will be possible to use new astronomical mappings of hundreds of thousands of cosmic voids and galaxy clusters to test Einstein's theory of relativity by looking for small deviations in gravity at vast distances – a possible explanation for the dark energy that is accelerating the expansion of the universe. [30] By comparing different types of remote atomic clocks, physicists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have performed the most accurate test ever of a key principle underlying Albert Einstein's famous theory of general relativity, which describes how gravity relates to space and time. [29] "As crazy as all this looks, there appears to be strong reliability in these behaviors that could even be predictably and practically manipulated," Landman said. [28] A team of physicists from ICTP-Trieste and IQOQI-Innsbruck has come up with a surprisingly simple idea to investigate quantum entanglement of many particles. [27] For the first time, physicists have experimentally demonstrated ternary—rather than binary—quantum correlations between entangled objects. [26] The physicists, Sally Shrapnel, Fabio Costa, and Gerard Milburn, at The University of Queensland in Australia, have published a paper on the new quantum probability rule in the New Journal of Physics. [25] Researchers have studied how a 'drumstick' made of light could make a microscopic 'drum' vibrate and stand still at the same time. [24] A University of Oklahoma physicist, Alberto M. Marino, is developing quantum-enhanced sensors that could find their way into applications ranging from biomedical to chemical detection. [23] A team of researchers from Shanghai Jiao Tong University and the University of Science and Technology of China has developed a chip that allows for two-dimensional quantum walks of single photons on a physical device. [22] The physicists, Sally Shrapnel, Fabio Costa, and Gerard Milburn, at The University of Queensland in Australia, have published a paper on the new quantum probability rule in the New Journal of Physics. [21]
Category: Astrophysics

[1631] viXra:1806.0035 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-04 21:33:10

Some Parameters of 4D Matter

Authors: Valery P. Skorobogatov
Comments: 7 Pages. The Russian version was put on my site 30.04.18

The some corrections of the parameters of 4D matter is given. Also the procedure for calculation of the planet distances is proposed that rather well corresponds for some cases. But this method fails to explain the Titius-Bode rule. On basis of the parameters obtained the so name legnth of electron is calculated. It is compared with the life time of neutron. On my opinion it tells in favor of the model of 4D matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1630] viXra:1806.0034 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-05 00:54:14

Documentation of the Solar Activity Variations and It's Influence on Climate

Authors: Dimitris Poulos
Comments: 5 Pages. Global Journal of Physics

The four planets that influence the most the solar surface through tidal forcing seem to affect the Earth climate. A simple two cosine model with periods 251 years, of the seasonality of the Earth – Venus syzygies, and 265.4 years, of the combined syzygies of Jupiter and Mercury with Earth when Earth is in syn od with Venus, fits well the Northern Hemisphere temperatures of the last 1000 years as reconstructed by Jones et al (1998). The physical mechanism proposed is that planetary gravitational forces drive solar activity that in turn drives temperature variations in earth. The sun is in a boundary balance state at one hand collapsing due to gravity and at the other hand expanding due to fus ion, and as such it should be heavily influenced by minimal external forcings such as planetary gravity. Sound waves in the solar mass, created from the planetary movement, are responsible for the formation of solar corona and sun spots. The Earth-Venus 251 year resonance is resonant to a near surface solar layer's thermal natural frequency that “e xplodes” to form solar wind. The calculated solar wind properties match the observed.
Category: Astrophysics

[1629] viXra:1806.0033 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-05 00:57:28

A Note on the Solar Activity and Solar Wind Mechanisms and an Answer to the Critique that Tidal Forces from Orbiting Planets Are Very Weak to Produce Any Visible Effect to Sun

Authors: Dimitris Poulos
Comments: 1 Page.

Tidal forcing of the solar atmosphere and the solar activity variability it produces, isn’t in fact a high scale phenomenon. The solar temperature varies by some 6000 K at surface to some millions K at core. So if only you dig into some kilometers into the ultra low density gas solar atmosphere by tidal perturbation, you can have some 1000 K increase in temperature. This is not a high scale phenomenon. It is only perceived as high scale because it influences our lives.
Category: Astrophysics

[1628] viXra:1806.0021 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-02 08:14:18

Solar Wind Boundary

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 29 Pages.

NASA has selected a science mission planned for launch in 2024 that will sample, analyze, and map particles streaming to Earth from the edges of interstellar space. [22] When a massive astrophysical object, such as a boson star or black hole, rotates, it can cause the surrounding spacetime to rotate along with it due to the effect of frame dragging. [21] Rotating black holes and computers that use quantum-mechanical phenomena to process information are topics that have fascinated science lovers for decades, but even the most innovative thinkers rarely put them together. [20] If someone were to venture into one of these relatively benign black holes, they could survive, but their past would be obliterated and they could have an infinite number of possible futures. [19] The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters—it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there's a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17] Astronomers have constructed the first map of the universe based on the positions of supermassive black holes, which reveals the large-scale structure of the universe. [16] Astronomers want to record an image of the heart of our galaxy for the first time: a global collaboration of radio dishes is to take a detailed look at the black hole which is assumed to be located there. [15] A team of researchers from around the world is getting ready to create what might be the first image of a black hole. [14] "There seems to be a mysterious link between the amount of dark matter a galaxy holds and the size of its central black hole, even though the two operate on vastly different scales," said Akos Bogdan of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA). [13] If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12] For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think " the Big Bang " , except just the opposite. That's essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1627] viXra:1806.0018 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-02 11:45:07

The Dimensionless Quantity Connecting Sun-like Stars to Red Dwarfs on a Mass-Radii Diagram: The Cassandra Ratio

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 6 Pages. 2 graphs, 1 data set, 1 picture

It is presented a dimensionless quantity that predicts the radii of G, K and M type stars between 1/2 and 1 Solar mass. That quantity is 9.6/1000, or ~1/100. So if you have a G, K or M type star with the radii of 5-10 Jupiters, you can multiply that radii by 100 to find its mass in Jupiter masses. The dimensionless quantity and graph shows that the Sun will not become a red giant, it will lose its size due to mass loss via the mass loss principle at a rate of ~1/100 per unit mass. Data is taken from the Kepler data set and is listed, as well as a line of best fit on the graph. The line on the graph is the location of the Cassandra Ratio.
Category: Astrophysics

[1626] viXra:1805.0549 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-31 05:47:39

Charged Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

A recent astronomical observation that the ordinary matter in the early universe was much cooler than expected could be explained if a small proportion of dark matter has a tiny electric charge. [27] This week, scientists from around the world who gathered at the University of California, Los Angeles, at the Dark Matter 2018 Symposium learned of new results in the search for evidence of the elusive material in Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) by the DarkSide-50 detector. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] “We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit.” [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22]
Category: Astrophysics

[1625] viXra:1805.0541 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-30 06:54:45

Tidal Star Disruption Events (TDE) by Fermion Repelling Black Holes in Quantum FFF Theory.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 30 Pages.

According to Quantum FFF Theory, all Black Holes (BHs) repel all Fermionic matter, by the Fermionic rigid string shaped propeller based spin flip at all black hole horizons, even around ball lightning BHs. A tidal disruption event (TDE), is a bright flare of radiation around the central Black Hole (BH) assumed to be the interaction with a local star.. However, according to Q-FFF Theory, the star will not be consumed by the black hole, but torn apart and ejected into two jets and a plasma disc. Only other smaller black holes like Super nova BHs are postulated to be consumed by the central growing black hole. New physics black holes are also supposed to be responsible for dual BH Herbig Haro systems, with a third growing BH in the center in case of Galaxy formations. In Quantum FFF Theory, ( Function Follows Form at the quantum scale), it is assumed, that all Black holes repel Fermionic matter! by their propeller based (Fermion propeller rigid string) spin flip at all black hole horizons even ball lightning micro BHs seem to repel Fermions.
Category: Astrophysics

[1624] viXra:1805.0523 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-29 19:41:42

The Time Definition

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 47 Pages.

Abstract -The Solar Planets motions are relativistic motions -Earth real Velocity = 0.99 c -The time is an Energy -Based on Relativistic Motions, the distances values can be seen as time values i.e. -The time is equivalent for the distance (a development for the Special Theory of Relativity made by me) -The Solar group geometrical structure depends on the time and Distance equivalence (based on relativistic motions), to create different rates of time, which enables the system to accumulate the Energy Let's summarize this idea in following: -Based on the solar group relativistic motions, time and distances values are equivalence -The solar geometry uses unified distances to create different values of time, which are seen by different cycles -The time different values depend on each other to create different rates of time -By this different rates of time the Energy can be accumulated to produce huge energy from average one. -Based on this description, the solar planets motions produce the sun light beams
Category: Astrophysics

[1623] viXra:1805.0522 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-29 20:39:44

Radio Astronomy Below 1 Hz

Authors: Frank H. Makinson
Comments: 4 Pages.

There is multi-century visual evidence that extremely long wavelength electromagnetic emissions are present in the universe. The megawalls of galaxies in both directions from Earth identify the presence of extremely long cyclic processes. Many long period events have been detected with instruments and visual observations, but never associated with electromagnetic waves. Optical and radio telescopes can maintain a constant celestial reference point for a fraction of a day, but this duration is sufficient to detect signals that are below 1 Hz. The electromagnetic emissions that are generated at or near our galactic core would be those that we should be able to detect directly. As lower frequency antenna/sensors become available the spectrum that needs to be scanned will gradually increase.
Category: Astrophysics

[1622] viXra:1805.0517 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-30 03:46:16

Stringent Limit on Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 60 Pages.

Experimental results from the XENON1T dark matter detector limit the effective size of dark matter particles to 4.1X10-47 square centimeters—one-trillionth of one-trillionth of a centimeter squared—the most stringent limit yet determined for dark matter as established by the world's most sensitive detector. [33] The U.S. Department of Energy has approved funding and start of construction for the SuperCDMS SNOLAB experiment, which will begin operations in the early 2020s to hunt for hypothetical dark matter particles called weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs. [32] Thanks to low-noise superconducting quantum amplifiers invented at the University of California, Berkeley, physicists are now embarking on the most sensitive search yet for axions, one of today's top candidates for dark matter. [31]
Category: Astrophysics

[1621] viXra:1805.0489 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-27 06:43:22

Particle in Rotating Spacetime

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 31 Pages.

When a massive astrophysical object, such as a boson star or black hole, rotates, it can cause the surrounding spacetime to rotate along with it due to the effect of frame dragging. [21] Rotating black holes and computers that use quantum-mechanical phenomena to process information are topics that have fascinated science lovers for decades, but even the most innovative thinkers rarely put them together. [20] If someone were to venture into one of these relatively benign black holes, they could survive, but their past would be obliterated and they could have an infinite number of possible futures. [19] The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters—it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there's a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17] Astronomers have constructed the first map of the universe based on the positions of supermassive black holes, which reveals the large-scale structure of the universe. [16] Astronomers want to record an image of the heart of our galaxy for the first time: a global collaboration of radio dishes is to take a detailed look at the black hole which is assumed to be located there. [15] A team of researchers from around the world is getting ready to create what might be the first image of a black hole. [14] "There seems to be a mysterious link between the amount of dark matter a galaxy holds and the size of its central black hole, even though the two operate on vastly different scales," said Akos Bogdan of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA). [13] If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12] For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think " the Big Bang " , except just the opposite. That's essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1620] viXra:1805.0470 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-26 10:33:07

Dark Matter's Hidden Valley

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 58 Pages.

A Multiverse—where our Universe is only one of many—might not be as inhospitable to life as previously thought, according to new research. [30] Astrophysicists from the University of Surrey and the University of Edinburgh have created a new method to measure the amount of dark matter at the centre of tiny "dwarf" galaxies. [29] A research team of multiple institutes, including the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan and University of Tokyo, released an unprecedentedly wide and sharp dark matter map based on the newly obtained imaging data by Hyper Suprime-Cam on the Subaru Telescope. [28] A signal caused by the very first stars to form in the universe has been picked up by a tiny but highly specialised radio telescope in the remote Western Australian desert. [27] This week, scientists from around the world who gathered at the University of California, Los Angeles, at the Dark Matter 2018 Symposium learned of new results in the search for evidence of the elusive material in Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) by the DarkSide-50 detector. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24]
Category: Astrophysics

[1619] viXra:1805.0469 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-26 11:18:26

Technische Anwendungen Zur Umwandlung Der Rotationsenergie Der Erde in Elektrische Energie in Theorie Und Praxis 1

Authors: Robert Stach
Comments: 17 Pages.

Technische Anwendungen zur Umwandlung der Rotationsenergie der Erde in elektrische Energie in Theorie und Praxis
Category: Astrophysics

[1618] viXra:1805.0455 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-25 13:45:04

The `constant Lagrangian' Fit of Galaxy Rotation Curves as Caused by Cosmic Space Expansion Under Energy Conservation Conditions.

Authors: E.P.J. de Haas
Comments: 6 Pages.

In my opinion, the problem of the galaxy rotation curves can be solved on the basis of the combined and competing principles of space expansion and energy conservation on the one hand and gravitational contraction and the virial theorem on the other hand. Thus far it has been assumed that the existence of galaxies is proof of the dominance of gravitational contraction in galaxies. In this paper I present arguments in favor of my conviction that this assumption is wrong and that space expansion is one of the two dominating and competing principles active in galaxies.
Category: Astrophysics

[1617] viXra:1805.0450 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-24 15:48:32

The Neo-Heraclides Model

Authors: John Roach
Comments: 6 Pages.

In this essay, the Neo-Heraclides Model offers new paradigms in Astronomy, Gravity & Global Warming/Climate Change. In Astronomy, a Geocentric Model with Heliocentric features is offered. In Gravity, both the Hidden Attractant Force (Isaac Newton)& Geometric Gravity(Albert Einstein) is dismissed & replaced. In Global Warming, a cyclical climate change & its causal agency is offered. Also, the mystery that surrounds the photosynthesis reaction is solved.
Category: Astrophysics

[1616] viXra:1805.0447 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-24 22:55:49

Dark Photons, Ferent Particles FTL

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 160 Pages. © 2015 Adrian Ferent

Dark Photons, Ferent Particles FTL The photons mediate electromagnetic interactions between particles in the Standard Model (baryonic matter); in the same way dark radiation, Dark Photons mediate interactions between Dark Matter particles. Dark Photons have zero rest mass. “Ferent equation for Dark Photons energy: E = a × f ” Adrian Ferent Dark Photons are Dark Matter particles. “Dark Photons are Ferent Particles” Adrian Ferent What is Dark Matter in my Gravitation theory? At Ferent wall due to the extraordinarily small scale of the universe at that time, Gravitation was the only physical interaction. At Ferent wall were created Dark Matter and Gravitons. “Black holes are Ferent Matter” Adrian Ferent What is Ferent Matter? Ferent Matter is high density Dark Matter: Ferent density ≥ Ferent matter density > Planck density The majority of Ferent Matter is the core of the supermassive black hole, in the center of each galaxy. Ferent Matter plays a central role in galaxy formation and evolution. “The primordial black holes in the early universe are Ferent matter” Adrian Ferent 3. I am the first who explained what Black holes are: Black holes are Ferent matter 4. I am the first who discovered that the majority of dark matter is in the core of the supermassive black holes 5. I am the first who discovered another wall, the Ferent wall, beyond the Planck wall “Dark Matter is in my Gravitation theory, not in Einstein’s gravitation theory, String theory, LQG…” Adrian Ferent This is another proof that my Gravitation theory is right and Einstein’s gravitation theory, String theory, LQG… are wrong theories. I am the first who explained what Black holes are: “Black Holes are Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent Multiple universes: Subuniverses in my Gravitation theory: “Because there are 2 walls, there are 2 subuniverses: Ferent universe and Planck universe” Adrian Ferent Here is the proof that I was the first who explained that Black Holes are Dark Matter: ‘Ferent Matter is Dark Matter’ on YouTube: “The momentum operator for Dark Matter particles:” Adrian Ferent “Total energy operator for Dark Matter particles:” Adrian Ferent “Ferent time-dependent equation for Dark Matter particles:” Adrian Ferent “Ferent Particles are Faster Than Light” Adrian Ferent Conservation of Energy The law of conservation of energy states that the total energy of an isolated system cannot change in time. Planck energy is nature’s maximum allowed matter energy for point-energy (quanta). During the Big Bang this means: “The Ferent energy at Ferent wall, is equal with the Planck energy.” Adrian Ferent From here I calculated the speed of Ferent Particles! The speed of the Ferent Particles: The speed of Ferent Particles vp , where a=a/2π Ferent constant a = 1.590511178×10^(-76) J•s From this equation the speed of Ferent Particle is vp = 1.001762 × 10^17 m/s much faster than the speed of light! This vp = 1.001762 × 10^17m/s is closed to the speed of light squared (3 × 10^8)^2 m/s! “The speed of Dark Photons is vp = 1.001762 × 10^17 m/s” Adrian Ferent You learned from your professors, from your books that nothing can travel faster than light. My Gravitation theory explains: “The Gravitons and the Dark Photons are faster than light” Adrian Ferent “Dark Energy is Gravitons” Adrian Ferent My quantum gravity theory shows that the Gravitons and the Dark Photons are too small to be detected by today’s technology. In my Gravitation theory Einstein’s gravitational waves do not exist. “Einstein’s gravitational waves do not exist, how they can detect them?” Adrian Ferent 70. I am the first who discovered Dark Photon energy: E = a × f 71. I am the first who discovered the momentum operator for Dark Matter particles: 72. I am the first who discovered the total energy operator for Dark Matter particles: ” 73. I am the first who discovered the Ferent time-dependent equation for Dark Matter Particles: 74. I am the first who discovered that the Gravitons and the Dark Photons are faster than light. 75. I am the first who explained that Dark Matter is in my Gravitation theory, not in Einstein’s gravitation theory, String theory, LQG… 76. I am the first who explained that the primordial black holes in the early universe are Ferent matter 77. I am the first who explained that the Ferent energy at Ferent wall, is equal with the Planck energy 78. I am the first who calculated the speed of Dark Photons: vp = 1.001762 × 10^17 m/s 79. I am the first who explained that because there are 2 walls, there are 2 subuniverses: Ferent universe and Planck universe
Category: Astrophysics

[1615] viXra:1805.0402 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-21 14:15:55

A Categorization and Analysis of the `constant Lagrangian' Fits of the Galaxy Rotation Curves of the Complete Sparc Database of 175 Galaxies.

Authors: E.P.J. de Haas
Comments: 117 Pages.

In this paper I categorize and analyze the `constant Lagrangian' model fits I made of the complete SPARC database of 175 galaxies. Of the 175 galaxies, 45 allowed a single fit rotation curve, so about 26 percent. Another 9 galaxies could almost be plotted on a single fit. Then 30 galaxies could be fitted really nice on crossing dual curves. The reason for the appearance of this dual curve, in its two versions, could be given and related to the galactic constitution and dynamics. Another 25 galaxies could be fitted on parallel transition dual curves. This appearance could also be related to galactic dynamics and galactic mass distribution. Then there were the 19 multiple fit galaxies, complex extended galaxies, the complexities of which could be analyzed on the basis of the 4 types of dual fits. In total 128 of the 175 galaxies could be fitted and analyzed very well to reasonably well within the error margins. That is a 73 percent success rate. This amazing result rules out stochastic coincidence as an explanation of those fits. In my opinion, the success of the `constant Lagrangian' approach indicates that the problem of the galaxy rotation curves can be solved on the basis of the principle of conservation of energy.
Category: Astrophysics

[1614] viXra:1805.0389 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-22 08:20:13

Convincing Confirmation of Exclusive Model of the Proton Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.v. in Atomic Measurement the Proton Can be Presented as a Positron Kernel with an Electron Shell.

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

In atomic measurement the proton can be presented as a positron kernel with an electron shell.
Category: Astrophysics

[1613] viXra:1805.0373 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-20 10:57:33

Island of Stellar Stability

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 7 Pages. 1 graph

It is presented a graph where the radii and mass of over 200 stars is presented as an island of evolutionary stability. Stars that are stable and evolve normally becoming "planets" fit on this island. The stars move towards the origin, (0,0). The idea for this is from the isotope island of stability, where elements are stable, versus where they can fly apart during radioactive decay.
Category: Astrophysics

[1612] viXra:1805.0342 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-18 11:00:06

A `constant Lagrangian' Fit of the Galaxy Rotation Curves of the Complete Sparc Database of 175 Galaxies.

Authors: E.P.J. de Haas
Comments: 195 Pages.

In this paper I apply the `constant Lagrangian' model for galactic dynamics to the complete SPARC database of 175 galaxies. For twenty five percent, 43 out of 175, of the galaxies of the series, a single fit model already remains nicely within the error margins. Fifteen galaxies are more complicated and clearly need a threefold fit. One exceptional galaxy justified five fits. So 116 galaxies, 66 percent, have a dual fit. The multiple fit appears to follow the mass composition of galaxies as composed of a bulge, possibly a disk and mostly extended gas clouds. As in previous papers, I will first repeat a presentation of the `constant Lagrangian' approach. The original part of this paper is the fit of the complete set of the SPARC database and a first categorization of the result in single, dual, triple or multiple fit galaxies. Through the extensive database fit, the `constant Lagrangian' approach can be inverted from a deductive to an inductive result: huge stretches of all galaxies can be fitted on a constant Lagrangian curve, while remaining within the empirical margin of errors. This paper's galaxy fits prove this restricted claim beyond doubt. The issue then becomes to explain this empirical, inductive result.
Category: Astrophysics

[1611] viXra:1805.0293 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-15 01:47:44

What is the Space?

Authors: Michael Tzoumpas
Comments: 5 Pages.

By the unified theory of dynamic space has been there a forecast of the follow observation that, parallel moving photons of different frequency, reduce locally the cohesive pressure of space, resulting to move with different speeds. So, the photons with higher frequency slow down against parallel moving photons with lower frequency, as on delay in gamma rays from galaxy Markarian 501 was observed. This observation proves that space contains unseen forces, which are evident as deformations of space, such as in the above theory are described. Accordingly, for the great problem of Physics and Philosophy, "What is the space?", there is the answer-solution: "The dynamic space".
Category: Astrophysics

[1610] viXra:1805.0272 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-13 12:29:17

WASP-107b, a Star that Will Never Form Life

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages.

It is hypothesized that WASP-107b is a middle aged star that has fallen below the Taylor Threshold. Size is replace by mass of the WT Diagram on the Y-axis as well. Other atmospheric thresholds will need to be designed inside of the general theory.
Category: Astrophysics

[1609] viXra:1805.0271 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-13 13:36:04

Space Gardening

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 25 Pages.

But NASA has decided that gardening in space will be crucial for the next generation of explorers, who need to feed themselves on missions to the Moon or Mars that may last months or years. [9] Astrophysicists at Frankfurt, the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, and Nijmegen, collaborating in the project BlackHoleCam, answer this question by computing the first images of feeding non-Einsteinian black holes: it is presently hard to tell them apart from standard black holes. [8] Using data from the first-ever gravitational waves detected last year, along with a theoretical analysis, physicists have shown that gravitational waves may oscillate between two different forms called "g" and "f"-type gravitational waves. [7] Astronomy experiments could soon test an idea developed by Albert Einstein almost exactly a century ago, scientists say. [6] It's estimated that 27% of all the matter in the universe is invisible, while everything from PB&J sandwiches to quasars accounts for just 4.9%. But a new theory of gravity proposed by theoretical physicist Erik Verlinde of the University of Amsterdam found out a way to dispense with the pesky stuff. [5] The proposal by the trio though phrased in a way as to suggest it's a solution to the arrow of time problem, is not likely to be addressed as such by the physics community— it's more likely to be considered as yet another theory that works mathematically, yet still can't answer the basic question of what is time. [4] The Weak Interaction transforms an electric charge in the diffraction pattern from one side to the other side, causing an electric dipole momentum change, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The Neutrino Oscillation of the Weak Interaction shows that it is a General electric dipole change and it is possible to any other temperature dependent entropy and information changing diffraction pattern of atoms, molecules and even complicated biological living structures.
Category: Astrophysics

[1608] viXra:1805.0264 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-14 04:09:25

Dark Matter in Multiverse

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

A Multiverse—where our Universe is only one of many—might not be as inhospitable to life as previously thought, according to new research. [30] Astrophysicists from the University of Surrey and the University of Edinburgh have created a new method to measure the amount of dark matter at the centre of tiny "dwarf" galaxies. [29] A research team of multiple institutes, including the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan and University of Tokyo, released an unprecedentedly wide and sharp dark matter map based on the newly obtained imaging data by Hyper Suprime-Cam on the Subaru Telescope. [28] A signal caused by the very first stars to form in the universe has been picked up by a tiny but highly specialised radio telescope in the remote Western Australian desert. [27] This week, scientists from around the world who gathered at the University of California, Los Angeles, at the Dark Matter 2018 Symposium learned of new results in the search for evidence of the elusive material in Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) by the DarkSide-50 detector. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] " We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit. " [23]
Category: Astrophysics

[1607] viXra:1805.0253 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-14 10:43:51

Laser Systems for Space

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 20 Pages.

JOKARUS experiment on sounding rocket successfully completed. Corner stone for laser ranging measurements with the highest precision and precursor for optical satellite navigation systems. [13] Exploding stars lit the way for our understanding of the universe, but researchers are still in the dark about many of their features. [12] A team of scientists from Russia and China has developed a model explaining the nature of high-energy cosmic rays (CRs) in our galaxy. These CRs have energies exceeding those produced by supernova explosions by one or two orders of magnitude. [11] On August 14, 2017, a groundbreaking University of Maryland-designed cosmic ray detector will travel to the International Space Station (ISS) aboard the SpaceX-12 Commercial Resupply Service mission. [10] It was because of these characteristics that it was proposed to give this new class of variable stars the acronym BLAPS, i.e. Blue Large-Amplitude Pulsators. [9] Researchers at the University of Southampton have cast doubt over established explanations for certain behaviours in pulsars-highly magnetised rotating neutron stars, formed from the remains of supernovae. [8] Installed on the International Space Station, by mid-July it will commence its scientific work – to study the exotic astrophysical objects known as neutron stars and examine whether they could be used as deep-space navigation beacons for future generations of spacecraft. [7] NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory has discovered the first direct evidence for a superfluid, a bizarre, friction-free state of matter, at the core of a neutron star. Superfluids created in laboratories on Earth exhibit remarkable properties, such as the ability to climb upward and escape airtight containers. The finding has important implications for understanding nuclear interactions in matter at the highest known densities. [6] This paper explains the Accelerating Universe, the Special and General Relativity from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the moving electric charges. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The Big Bang caused acceleration created the radial currents of the matter and since the matter composed of negative and positive charges, these currents are creating magnetic field and attracting forces between the parallel moving electric currents. This is the gravitational force experienced by the matter, and also the mass is result of the electromagnetic forces between the charged particles. The positive and negative charged currents attracts each other or by the magnetic forces or by the much stronger electrostatic forces. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy.
Category: Astrophysics

[1606] viXra:1805.0224 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-12 04:01:53

Binaries Detectable by LISA

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 21 Pages.

The historic first detection of gravitational waves from colliding black holes far outside our galaxy opened a new window to understanding the universe. [8] Using data from the first-ever gravitational waves detected last year, along with a theoretical analysis, physicists have shown that gravitational waves may oscillate between two different forms called "g" and "f"-type gravitational waves. [7] Astronomy experiments could soon test an idea developed by Albert Einstein almost exactly a century ago, scientists say. [6] It's estimated that 27% of all the matter in the universe is invisible, while everything from PB&J sandwiches to quasars accounts for just 4.9%. But a new theory of gravity proposed by theoretical physicist Erik Verlinde of the University of Amsterdam found out a way to dispense with the pesky stuff. [5] The proposal by the trio though phrased in a way as to suggest it's a solution to the arrow of time problem, is not likely to be addressed as such by the physics community— it's more likely to be considered as yet another theory that works mathematically, yet still can't answer the basic question of what is time. [4] The Weak Interaction transforms an electric charge in the diffraction pattern from one side to the other side, causing an electric dipole momentum change, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The Neutrino Oscillation of the Weak Interaction shows that it is a General electric dipole change and it is possible to any other temperature dependent entropy and information changing diffraction pattern of atoms, molecules and even complicated biological living structures.
Category: Astrophysics

[1605] viXra:1805.0180 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-10 01:09:25

ФИЗИЧЕСКАЯ ИЛЛЮЗИЯ ЧИСЛА ПИ Никитин В.Н., Никитин И.В. Гипотезы, исключающие возможность физического существования числа Пи.

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

Гипотезы, исключающие возможность физического существования числа Пи.
Category: Astrophysics

[1604] viXra:1805.0178 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-08 05:21:44

To and Fro Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.v. in the Present We Observe a Projection of Surrounding Space on an Information Field of Earth.

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

In the present we observe a projection of surrounding space on an information field of Earth.
Category: Astrophysics

[1603] viXra:1805.0168 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-08 10:35:45

A `constant Lagrangian' Fit of the Galaxy Rotation Curves of the `F-Series' from the Sparc Database.

Authors: E.P.J. de Haas
Comments: 31 Pages.

In this paper I apply the `constant Lagrangian' model for galactic dynamics to the F-series of the SPARC database. I will fit the experimental rotation curves of the $16$ `F' galaxies from this database using the dual fit approach. This means that one fit is made for the stars dominated region of one galaxy. Another fit is added for the gas dominated region of the same galaxy. The dual fit approach results in a rotation curve fit that mostly remains within the observational error margins. For some galaxies of the series a single model already remains nicely within the error margins and then doesn't really justify a dual fit. Some galaxies are more complicated and problably need a threefold fit. This dual fit approach follows the mass composition of galaxies as composed of a bulge, possibly a disk and mostly extended gas clouds.
Category: Astrophysics

[1602] viXra:1805.0164 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-08 15:00:29

Percentage Ratios for Life in Stellar Metamorphosis

Authors: Barrington Taylor, Jeffrey Wolynski
Comments: 3 Pages.

The time scales and percentage rates involved in stellar evolution cannot be emphasized enough. Explanation to show this is provided.
Category: Astrophysics

[1601] viXra:1805.0145 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-07 10:34:33

Most Sensitive Dark Matter Experiments

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 58 Pages.

The U.S. Department of Energy has approved funding and start of construction for the SuperCDMS SNOLAB experiment, which will begin operations in the early 2020s to hunt for hypothetical dark matter particles called weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs. [32] Thanks to low-noise superconducting quantum amplifiers invented at the University of California, Berkeley, physicists are now embarking on the most sensitive search yet for axions, one of today's top candidates for dark matter. [31] The Axion Dark Matter Experiment (ADMX) at the University of Washington in Seattle has finally reached the sensitivity needed to detect axions if they make up dark matter, physicists report today in Physical Review Letters. [30]
Category: Astrophysics

[1600] viXra:1805.0081 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-02 14:27:42

Solar Group Geometrical Structure

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 70 Pages.

-The rate 1.0725 is found frequently between many solar planets orbital and internal distances (a constant rate) -I suggest this rate is found because of Lorentz Contraction Phenomenon i.e. -There's a difference in velocities = "light velocity" between 2 motions in the solar group (even if we can't measure or notice this velocities difference) i.e. There's More Than One Frame In The Solar Group This paper suggests a clear argument as following: 1.The solar group is created by light beams, but we see these light beams in different forms (as matters and distances) 2.We see the light as matter (Specifically, bright fringes produced by light coherence we see as matters, where dark fringes we see as distances) 3.We see bright fringes as matters because our mind works by light velocity (Mind Thinking Process), so the whole matter around us is found because of the human mind effect. 4.to enable us to see the sun rays, Earth has to move with light velocity relative to the sun, to create a difference in velocities = c velocity 5.So, the sun creation depends on the difference in Earth and Sun motions = c velocity. 6.That's why Lorentz contraction phenomenon is seen in the solar orbital and internal distances, specifically with the constant rate = 1.0725, (which equals 7.25%), where the sun obliquity to ecliptic (7.25 degrees). 7.means, the sun creation process contains Lorentz Phenomenon Effect on the solar orbital and internal distances (and on many other values) 8.The Distance can be defined as "A Form Of Energy", which is proved by the moon orbit regression yearly 19 degrees (Metonic Cycle) (otherwise how distance can move?) (that supports the claim that, distances are dark fringes produced by light coherence) This Paper Consists Of 2 Parts 1st Part : Theory Of Matter Creation 2nd Part : Application on the theory (the solar group creation from the light) Starting From The Solar Group First Energy Explaining The Energy Coherence (light coherence) Discovering The Matter Creation Providing The Solar Group Motions Harmony Reasons
Category: Astrophysics

[1599] viXra:1805.0056 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-03 10:30:34

Secrets of Dense Nuclear Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 22 Pages.

New insights into the properties of neutron stars have come from two independent analyses of gravitational waves from the GW170817 neutron-star merger. [8] Using data from the first-ever gravitational waves detected last year, along with a theoretical analysis, physicists have shown that gravitational waves may oscillate between two different forms called "g" and "f"-type gravitational waves. [7] Astronomy experiments could soon test an idea developed by Albert Einstein almost exactly a century ago, scientists say. [6] It's estimated that 27% of all the matter in the universe is invisible, while everything from PB&J sandwiches to quasars accounts for just 4.9%. But a new theory of gravity proposed by theoretical physicist Erik Verlinde of the University of Amsterdam found out a way to dispense with the pesky stuff. [5] The proposal by the trio though phrased in a way as to suggest it's a solution to the arrow of time problem, is not likely to be addressed as such by the physics community— it's more likely to be considered as yet another theory that works mathematically, yet still can't answer the basic question of what is time. [4] The Weak Interaction transforms an electric charge in the diffraction pattern from one side to the other side, causing an electric dipole momentum change, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The Neutrino Oscillation of the Weak Interaction shows that it is a General electric dipole change and it is possible to any other temperature dependent entropy and information changing diffraction pattern of atoms, molecules and even complicated biological living structures.
Category: Astrophysics

[1598] viXra:1805.0049 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-01 09:21:31

A New Vision of Our Universe.

Authors: Durgadas Datta.
Comments: 7 Pages. A new vision in modern physics.

A new vision beyond standard model to understand our universe.
Category: Astrophysics

[1597] viXra:1805.0047 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-01 11:27:05

A Stars-Gas Dual Fit Result in the `constant Lagrangian' Model for Galactic Dynamics When Applied to the Sparc Database

Authors: E.P.J. de Haas
Comments: 41 Pages.

In this paper I apply the `constant Lagrangian' model for galactic dynamics to a subset of the SPARC database. I will fit $25$ galaxies from this database using the dual fit approach. This means that one fit is made for the stars dominated region of one galaxy. Another fit is added for the gas dominated region of the same galaxy. Both are presented in one single graph. The switch from stars dominated to gas dominated is sometimes visible as a ``wiggle'' in the total rotation velocity, as for exampe in the rotation curve of NGC 1560. I will demonstrate that this more or less visible``wiggle'' is part of the rotation velocity curve of almost every galaxy in the sample. The dual fit approach results in a rotation curve fit that mostly remains within the observational error margins.
Category: Astrophysics

[1596] viXra:1804.0485 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-29 15:00:44

The Location of Titan on the Wolynski-Taylor Diagram

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages.

One of Saturn's moons, Titan, is placed on the WT Diagram. Explanation of what we should expect from this placement is provided.
Category: Astrophysics

[1595] viXra:1804.0408 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-26 10:21:20

The Timeless Universe

Authors: Michael Tzoumpas
Comments: 9 Pages.

In the unified theory of dynamic space the phenomenon of motion has been described as a form of space deformation, that is identical to time. The motion force is deducted from the dynamic space and is accumulated on the spherical zone of the particle, due to the difference of cohesive pressure in front of and behind it. Cosmic journey of galaxies becomes at a Universal constant timeless speed. Also, timeless speed of light is a Universal constant, while light speed is a local constant. The gravity tail of galactic systems is one of moreover causes for their chaotic motion. So, the search for an unknown form of dark matter and energy is no longer necessary.
Category: Astrophysics

[1594] viXra:1804.0386 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-25 18:35:25

Fitting Some Galaxy Rotation Curves Using the `constant Lagrangian' Model for Galactic Dynamics.

Authors: E.P.J. de Haas
Comments: 10 Pages.

The velocity rotation curves of the SPARC database present an opportunity to test the `constant Lagrangian' model for galactic dynamics. The fits of the rotation curves from thirteen different galaxies are presented.
Category: Astrophysics

[1593] viXra:1804.0370 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-26 09:36:54

Dense Nuclear Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 20 Pages.

Analyses of the gravitational waves from the neutron star merger observed by LIGO and Virgo improve models describing the dense nuclear matter inside a neutron star. [8] Using data from the first-ever gravitational waves detected last year, along with a theoretical analysis, physicists have shown that gravitational waves may oscillate between two different forms called "g" and "f"-type gravitational waves. [7] Astronomy experiments could soon test an idea developed by Albert Einstein almost exactly a century ago, scientists say. [6] It's estimated that 27% of all the matter in the universe is invisible, while everything from PB&J sandwiches to quasars accounts for just 4.9%. But a new theory of gravity proposed by theoretical physicist Erik Verlinde of the University of Amsterdam found out a way to dispense with the pesky stuff. [5] The proposal by the trio though phrased in a way as to suggest it's a solution to the arrow of time problem, is not likely to be addressed as such by the physics community— it's more likely to be considered as yet another theory that works mathematically, yet still can't answer the basic question of what is time. [4] The Weak Interaction transforms an electric charge in the diffraction pattern from one side to the other side, causing an electric dipole momentum change, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The Neutrino Oscillation of the Weak Interaction shows that it is a General electric dipole change and it is possible to any other temperature dependent entropy and information changing diffraction pattern of atoms, molecules and even complicated biological living structures.
Category: Astrophysics

[1592] viXra:1804.0369 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-26 09:58:25

General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

Scientists at the University of British Columbia have proposed a radical new theory to explain the exponentially increasing size of the universe. [10] Researchers playing with a cloud of ultracold atoms uncovered behavior that bears a striking resemblance to the universe in microcosm. [9] Gravitational waves may be produced in the heart of the galaxy, says a new study led by Ph.D. student Joseph Fernandez at Liverpool John Moores University. [8] Using data from the first-ever gravitational waves detected last year, along with a theoretical analysis, physicists have shown that gravitational waves may oscillate between two different forms called "g" and "f"-type gravitational waves. [7] Astronomy experiments could soon test an idea developed by Albert Einstein almost exactly a century ago, scientists say. [6] It's estimated that 27% of all the matter in the universe is invisible, while everything from PB&J sandwiches to quasars accounts for just 4.9%. But a new theory of gravity proposed by theoretical physicist Erik Verlinde of the University of Amsterdam found out a way to dispense with the pesky stuff. [5] The proposal by the trio though phrased in a way as to suggest it's a solution to the arrow of time problem, is not likely to be addressed as such by the physics community— it's more likely to be considered as yet another theory that works mathematically, yet still can't answer the basic question of what is time. [4] The Weak Interaction transforms an electric charge in the diffraction pattern from one side to the other side, causing an electric dipole momentum change, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The Neutrino Oscillation of the Weak Interaction shows that it is a General electric dipole change and it is possible to any other temperature dependent entropy and information changing diffraction pattern of atoms, molecules and even complicated biological living structures.
Category: Astrophysics

[1591] viXra:1804.0330 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-24 08:03:57

Top Five Dark Matter Candidates

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

What if the universe we know is just one runty part of a larger, mostly invisible universe, and the only way we can interact is via gravity? [28] University of Houston scientists are helping to develop a technology that could hold the key to unraveling one of the great mysteries of science: what constitutes dark matter? [27] This week, scientists from around the world who gathered at the University of California, Los Angeles, at the Dark Matter 2018 Symposium learned of new results in the search for evidence of the elusive material in Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) by the DarkSide-50 detector. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] “We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit.” [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter—the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20]
Category: Astrophysics

[1590] viXra:1804.0328 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-24 09:11:00

Fitting the NGC 1560 Rotation Curve and Other Galaxies in the `constant Lagrangian' Model for Galactic Dynamics.

Authors: E.P.J. de Haas
Comments: 25 Pages.

The velocity rotation curve of NGC 1560 has a peculiar wiggle around 4.5 kpc. This makes it a favorable galaxy to test the diverse models trying to explain galactic dynamics, as for example CDM and MOND. I will fit NGC 1560 using the GR-Schwarzschild based `constant Lagrangian' model for galactic dynamics and compare it to other results. But first I will give a brief expose of the `constant Lagrangian' approach. At the end, I present same other fitting curves: those of galaxies F583-1, F579V1 and U11648.
Category: Astrophysics

[1589] viXra:1804.0321 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-23 07:45:40

Dwarf Galaxies Big Picture

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

EPFL scientists have completed the fastidious task of analyzing 27 dwarf galaxies in detail, identifying the conditions under which they were formed and how they've since evolved. [27] Researchers have developed a new way to improve our knowledge of the Big Bang by measuring radiation from its afterglow, called the cosmic microwave background radiation. [26] The group's results reinforce a disagreement over the value of the Hubble constant as measured directly and as calculated via observations of primordial radiation – a disparity, say the researchers, which likely points to new physics. [25] Neutron stars consist of the densest form of matter known: a neutron star the size of Los Angeles can weigh twice as much as our sun. [24] Supermassive black holes, which lurk at the heart of most galaxies, are often described as "beasts" or "monsters". [23] The nuclei of most galaxies host supermassive black holes containing millions to billions of solar-masses of material. [22] New research shows the first evidence of strong winds around black holes throughout bright outburst events when a black hole rapidly consumes mass. [21] Chris Packham, associate professor of physics and astronomy at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), has collaborated on a new study that expands the scientific community's understanding of black holes in our galaxy and the magnetic fields that surround them. [20] In a paper published today in the journal Science, University of Florida scientists have discovered these tears in the fabric of the universe have significantly weaker magnetic fields than previously thought. [19] The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters—it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there's a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17]
Category: Astrophysics

[1588] viXra:1804.0301 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-22 05:44:24

Why Baryonic Matter Appears Insufficient in Spiral Galaxies?

Authors: Karan R.Takkhi
Comments: 2 pages, 3 figures

Considering the presence of dark matter or modifying the Newtonian laws of gravity are the most dominant scientific methods that we come across when it comes to explaining the mysterious, non-declining, non-Keplerian rotation curves exhibited by spiral galaxies. Considering the presence of baryonic matter only in order to solve the galaxy rotation problem has been explained by me in my previous papers. In this paper I present a practical approach to explain why the baryonic matter present within a spiral galaxy appears to be insufficient to account for the anomalous galaxy rotation curves.
Category: Astrophysics

[1587] viXra:1804.0298 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-22 08:41:26

A `constant Lagrangian' Model for Galactic Dynamics in a Geodetic Approach Towards the Galactic Rotation Dark Matter Issue.

Authors: E.P.J. de Haas
Comments: 26 Pages.

I start with a historical note on the galactic rotation curves issue. The problem with the virial theorem in observed galactic dynamics, lead to the Dark Matter hypothesis but also to Modified Newtonian Dynamics or MOND. Then I move (away) from MOND towards a relativistic, Lagrangian approach of orbital dynamics in a curved Schwarzschild metric. I propose a `constant Lagrangian' model for galactic scale geodetic dynamics. I shown with four rotation fitting curves to what extend my proposed model galaxies `constant Lagrangian' postulate works in these limited number of situations. The fitted galaxies are NGC 2403, NGC 3198, UGC 6614 and F571-8. In the paper I present a theoretical context in which the `constant Lagrangian' postulate might replace the classical virial theorem on a galactic scale. But the proposed postulate isn't a `general law of nature' because in the solar system and in the GNSS relativistic context, the classical virial theorem is proven accurate. Due to the limitations of the proposed postulate, a statement regarding Dark Matter can't be made. But the model might achieve within the GR-Schwarzschild paradigm what MOND achieves within the Newtonian paradigm, fitting the experimental galactic rotation curves.
Category: Astrophysics

[1586] viXra:1804.0275 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-19 14:48:35

Afterglow from the Big Bang

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

Researchers have developed a new way to improve our knowledge of the Big Bang by measuring radiation from its afterglow, called the cosmic microwave background radiation. [26] The group's results reinforce a disagreement over the value of the Hubble constant as measured directly and as calculated via observations of primordial radiation – a disparity, say the researchers, which likely points to new physics. [25] Neutron stars consist of the densest form of matter known: a neutron star the size of Los Angeles can weigh twice as much as our sun. [24] Supermassive black holes, which lurk at the heart of most galaxies, are often described as "beasts" or "monsters". [23] The nuclei of most galaxies host supermassive black holes containing millions to billions of solar-masses of material. [22] New research shows the first evidence of strong winds around black holes throughout bright outburst events when a black hole rapidly consumes mass. [21] Chris Packham, associate professor of physics and astronomy at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), has collaborated on a new study that expands the scientific community's understanding of black holes in our galaxy and the magnetic fields that surround them. [20] In a paper published today in the journal Science, University of Florida scientists have discovered these tears in the fabric of the universe have significantly weaker magnetic fields than previously thought. [19] The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters—it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there's a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17] Astronomers have constructed the first map of the universe based on the positions of supermassive black holes, which reveals the large-scale structure of the universe. [16]
Category: Astrophysics

[1585] viXra:1804.0258 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-20 10:40:26

Dark Matter of Black Holes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

CfA astronomer Qirong Zhu led a group of four scientists investigating the possibility that today's dark matter is composed of primordial black holes, following up on previously published suggestions. If galaxy halos are made of black holes, they should have a different density distribution than halos made of exotic particles. [28] A signal caused by the very first stars to form in the universe has been picked up by a tiny but highly specialised radio telescope in the remote Western Australian desert. [27] This week, scientists from around the world who gathered at the University of California, Los Angeles, at the Dark Matter 2018 Symposium learned of new results in the search for evidence of the elusive material in Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) by the DarkSide-50 detector. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] " We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit. " [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter—the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21]
Category: Astrophysics

[1584] viXra:1804.0244 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-18 09:28:47

Herbig Haro Object Mystery Solved by Dual/Triple New Physics Dark Matter Black Hole Pairing, the Origin of Quick Star/Galaxy Formation.

Authors: ieo Vuyk
Comments: 27 Pages.

Function Follows Form in Quantum FFF Theory. The rigid FORM and Microstructure of elementary particles (rigid strings), is supposed to be the origin of functional differences between Higgs- Graviton- Photon- and Fermion particles. As a consequence, a new splitting, accelerating and pairing new paradigm Dark Matter Black Hole, (DMBH) seem to be able to convert vacuum particle energy (ZPE) into real plasma which could explain quick Galaxy- and Star formation, by so called Galaxy- or Stellar Anchor Black Holes (GABHs respectively SABHs). These Anchor Black Holes can be observed as Herbig Haro ( HH) Hotspots or Bowshocks. Recent observation of two High Energy Cosmic Ray Hotspots, (HECRHs) at solar polar locations, ( Big Dipper and Southern cross) is reason to assume in accord with new physics of Quantum FFF Theory, that these hotspots represents the locations of our Solar Anchor Black Hole (the North-and South SABHs). At the same time in the Quantum FFF model, it is proposed that early Galaxies also are created by dual black hole ( HH) systems being former Big Bang black hole splintered primordial dark matter black holes. They will be called Galaxy Anchor Black Holes ( GABHs) As a consequence, the standard Hot Big Bang with Hot plasma and Hydrogen as the base for everything has to be rejected. Recent observation of a faint galaxy without a dark matter content (NGC 1052 DF2) seems to be created by the star forming capacity even by triple pairing dark matter black hole nuclei of the surrounding globular star clusters assumed to have a triangular topology.
Category: Astrophysics

[1583] viXra:1804.0243 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-18 09:52:22

Anything Unusual Nikitin V. N., Nikitin I. V. the Nature of Emergence of the Stationary and Moving Funnels Same Are the Power Educations in a Cloak Which Are a Consequence of Climate Change of Earth.

Authors: Nikitin V. N., Nikitin I. V.
Comments: 1 Page.

The nature of emergence of the stationary and moving funnels same are the power educations in a cloak which are a consequence of climate change of Earth.
Category: Astrophysics

[1582] viXra:1804.0241 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-18 10:46:43

To Shed Light on the Eclipse Nikitin V. N., Nikitin I. V. the Exclusive Hypothesis that the Moon is the Comet Rest, "Delivered Water" to Earth, and the Reason of Global Terrestrial Cataclysms, Eliminates the Existing Contradictions of Scientists on the ma

Authors: Nikitin V. N., Nikitin I. V.
Comments: 1 Page.

The exclusive hypothesis that the Moon is the comet rest, "delivered water" to Earth, and the reason of global terrestrial cataclysms, eliminates the existing contradictions of scientists on the matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1581] viXra:1804.0240 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-18 10:48:23

From One Test Nikitin V. N., Nikitin I. V. Disk Galaxies do One Turn Approximately for the Same Time Because Have Resulted from Galactic Disintegration of the Universe by Béla Dyry.

Authors: Nikitin V. N., Nikitin I. V.
Comments: 1 Page.

Disk galaxies do one turn approximately for the same time because have resulted from galactic disintegration of the Universe by Béla Dyry.
Category: Astrophysics

[1580] viXra:1804.0239 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-18 10:49:45

International "RED" Station Nikitin V. N., Nikitin I. V. Emergence of Red Fog on Earth and in Space is Logical and Will be Coordinated with Exclusive Hypotheses of on-Stage Performance Group of "NIKI"

Authors: Nikitin V. N., Nikitin I. V.
Comments: 1 Page.

Emergence of red fog on Earth and in space is logical and will be coordinated with exclusive hypotheses of on-stage performance group of "NIKI"
Category: Astrophysics

[1579] viXra:1804.0238 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-18 11:03:11

Concerning Relativity Nikitin V. N., Nikitin I. V. in the Universe Everything Concerning Space of Anything, God's Love and Time.

Authors: Nikitin V. N., Nikitin I. V.
Comments: 1 Page.

In the Universe everything concerning space of Anything, God's Love and Time.
Category: Astrophysics

[1578] viXra:1804.0236 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-18 11:33:34

Not so Look for Nikitin V. N., Nikitin I. V. Astronomers Have Found the Amazing Galaxy Which Doesn't Contain Anti-Matter. All Galaxies in the Universe Have Arisen Owing to Galactic Disintegration of the Universal White Hole.

Authors: Nikitin V. N., Nikitin I. V.
Comments: 1 Page.

Astronomers have found the amazing galaxy which doesn't contain anti-matter. All galaxies in the Universe have arisen owing to galactic disintegration of the Universal White Hole.
Category: Astrophysics

[1577] viXra:1804.0235 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-18 11:41:28

The Big Illusion of the Big Bang Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.v. Our Universe is Limited and Ordered. Galaxies Have Arisen in the Course of Galactic Disintegration of a Universal White Hole and Move to Suburbs of the Universe.

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

Our Universe is limited and ordered. Galaxies have arisen in the course of galactic disintegration of a universal White Hole and move to suburbs of the Universe.
Category: Astrophysics

[1576] viXra:1804.0204 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-17 08:58:55

Gravity with Black Hole Shadows

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 21 Pages.

Astrophysicists at Frankfurt, the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, and Nijmegen, collaborating in the project BlackHoleCam, answer this question by computing the first images of feeding non-Einsteinian black holes: it is presently hard to tell them apart from standard black holes. [8] Using data from the first-ever gravitational waves detected last year, along with a theoretical analysis, physicists have shown that gravitational waves may oscillate between two different forms called "g" and "f"-type gravitational waves. [7] Astronomy experiments could soon test an idea developed by Albert Einstein almost exactly a century ago, scientists say. [6] It’s estimated that 27% of all the matter in the universe is invisible, while everything from PB&J sandwiches to quasars accounts for just 4.9%. But a new theory of gravity proposed by theoretical physicist Erik Verlinde of the University of Amsterdam found out a way to dispense with the pesky stuff. [5] The proposal by the trio though phrased in a way as to suggest it's a solution to the arrow of time problem, is not likely to be addressed as such by the physics community—it's more likely to be considered as yet another theory that works mathematically, yet still can't answer the basic question of what is time. [4] The Weak Interaction transforms an electric charge in the diffraction pattern from one side to the other side, causing an electric dipole momentum change, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The Neutrino Oscillation of the Weak Interaction shows that it is a General electric dipole change and it is possible to any other temperature dependent entropy and information changing diffraction pattern of atoms, molecules and even complicated biological living structures.
Category: Astrophysics

[1575] viXra:1804.0193 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-14 13:35:09

A Clear Trend in the Mass-Radius Relationship Concerning Stellar Evolution

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 3 Pages.

Data was obtained from the Kepler Space Telescope and through various media to plot the trend in the mass-radius relationship of stars as they evolve. The trend is that as they lose mass and evolve, they shrink in diameter. This is predicted by stellar metamorphosis, as stellar evolution is planet formation itself.
Category: Astrophysics

[1574] viXra:1804.0191 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-14 21:10:15

Dark Matter is Negative Mass

Authors: Hyoyoung Choi
Comments: 10 Pages.

The fundamental properties of negative mass can explain important characteristics of dark matter. 1) additional centripetal effects, 2) explanations derived from fundamental principles about the reason why dark matter does not have electromagnetic interaction, 3) repulsive gravity ensuring almost even distribution and lower interaction of dark matter, 4) accelerating expansion of the universe can be explained with negative mass. Therefore, we should seriously examine the negative mass model.
Category: Astrophysics

[1573] viXra:1804.0153 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-09 01:38:19

On the Mathematics of Special Relativity

Authors: Steve P Smith
Comments: 10 Pages.

It was once said that only three people in the world understood relativity to which Eddington an astronomer/physicist replied “who is the third”. This statement by Einstein was a little forward considering the simplicity of the foundational theory of the paper itself. It may be the case that due to the disingenuous insertion of conditional statements and erroneous assumptions he realized that the paper itself was so erroneous that it may indeed be seen to be incomprehensible to the unguarded reader. It also appears that he was effective in his quest as the number of advocates of Einstein’s special relativity increases daily, who have neither the desire nor inclination to investigate further but rather accept purely on face value Einstein’s assertions. The arduous task of investigation and validation of his theories being left to a small but also increasing number of dedicated independent researchers who refuse to bow to the logical fallacy of appealing to authority.
Category: Astrophysics

[1572] viXra:1804.0137 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-10 06:12:35

Superlight Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

The Axion Dark Matter Experiment (ADMX) at the University of Washington in Seattle has finally reached the sensitivity needed to detect axions if they make up dark matter, physicists report today in Physical Review Letters. [30] Now our new study – which hints that extremely light particles called neutrinos are likely to make up some of the dark matter – challenges our current understanding of its composition. [29] A new particle detector design proposed at the U.S. Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) could greatly broaden the search for dark matter—which makes up 85 percent of the total mass of the universe yet we don't know what it's made of—into an unexplored realm. [28] University of Houston scientists are helping to develop a technology that could hold the key to unraveling one of the great mysteries of science: what constitutes dark matter? [27] This week, scientists from around the world who gathered at the University of California, Los Angeles, at the Dark Matter 2018 Symposium learned of new results in the search for evidence of the elusive material in Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) by the DarkSide-50 detector. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] “We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit.” [23]
Category: Astrophysics

[1571] viXra:1804.0135 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-10 08:47:05

Sensitive Search for Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

Thanks to low-noise superconducting quantum amplifiers invented at the University of California, Berkeley, physicists are now embarking on the most sensitive search yet for axions, one of today's top candidates for dark matter. [31] The Axion Dark Matter Experiment (ADMX) at the University of Washington in Seattle has finally reached the sensitivity needed to detect axions if they make up dark matter, physicists report today in Physical Review Letters. [30] Now our new study – which hints that extremely light particles called neutrinos are likely to make up some of the dark matter – challenges our current understanding of its composition. [29] A new particle detector design proposed at the U.S. Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) could greatly broaden the search for dark matter—which makes up 85 percent of the total mass of the universe yet we don't know what it's made of—into an unexplored realm. [28] University of Houston scientists are helping to develop a technology that could hold the key to unraveling one of the great mysteries of science: what constitutes dark matter? [27] This week, scientists from around the world who gathered at the University of California, Los Angeles, at the Dark Matter 2018 Symposium learned of new results in the search for evidence of the elusive material in Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) by the DarkSide-50 detector. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24]
Category: Astrophysics

[1570] viXra:1804.0098 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-08 11:39:51

The Diameter Principle of Stellar Evolution

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages.

Piggybacking on the principle of spherical celestial objects according to stellar metamorphosis a new principle is presented to make predictions of not yet discovered stars. The changing diameters of stars is continuous. Explanation is provided.
Category: Astrophysics

[1569] viXra:1804.0090 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-06 10:15:26

Dark Matter in the Smallest Galaxies

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

Astrophysicists from the University of Surrey and the University of Edinburgh have created a new method to measure the amount of dark matter at the centre of tiny "dwarf" galaxies. [29] A research team of multiple institutes, including the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan and University of Tokyo, released an unprecedentedly wide and sharp dark matter map based on the newly obtained imaging data by Hyper Suprime-Cam on the Subaru Telescope. [28] A signal caused by the very first stars to form in the universe has been picked up by a tiny but highly specialised radio telescope in the remote Western Australian desert. [27] This week, scientists from around the world who gathered at the University of California, Los Angeles, at the Dark Matter 2018 Symposium learned of new results in the search for evidence of the elusive material in Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) by the DarkSide-50 detector. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] " We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit. " [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22]
Category: Astrophysics

[1568] viXra:1804.0085 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-05 10:50:45

Neutrinos as Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

Now our new study – which hints that extremely light particles called neutrinos are likely to make up some of the dark matter – challenges our current understanding of its composition. [29] A new particle detector design proposed at the U.S. Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) could greatly broaden the search for dark matter—which makes up 85 percent of the total mass of the universe yet we don't know what it's made of—into an unexplored realm. [28] University of Houston scientists are helping to develop a technology that could hold the key to unraveling one of the great mysteries of science: what constitutes dark matter? [27] This week, scientists from around the world who gathered at the University of California, Los Angeles, at the Dark Matter 2018 Symposium learned of new results in the search for evidence of the elusive material in Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) by the DarkSide-50 detector. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25]
Category: Astrophysics

[1567] viXra:1804.0080 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-05 14:23:48

On the Origin of Asteroid (2867) Steins.

Authors: A. Soumbatov Gur
Comments: 15 Pages.

The enigmatic appearance of asteroid Steins is proved to be the result of its formation inside parent body’s crust and throwing out of it. Steins’ diamond-like cone shape, rotational axis, fractures, chains of craters, evolution trends, etc. are consistently explained from the point of view of explosive ejective orogenesis. The implications for asteroids and satellites are discussed.
Category: Astrophysics

[1566] viXra:1804.0051 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-03 08:18:50

Black Hole's Gravitational Waves

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 20 Pages.

Gravitational waves may be produced in the heart of the galaxy, says a new study led by Ph.D. student Joseph Fernandez at Liverpool John Moores University. [8] Using data from the first-ever gravitational waves detected last year, along with a theoretical analysis, physicists have shown that gravitational waves may oscillate between two different forms called "g" and "f"-type gravitational waves. [7] Astronomy experiments could soon test an idea developed by Albert Einstein almost exactly a century ago, scientists say. [6] It’s estimated that 27% of all the matter in the universe is invisible, while everything from PB&J sandwiches to quasars accounts for just 4.9%. But a new theory of gravity proposed by theoretical physicist Erik Verlinde of the University of Amsterdam found out a way to dispense with the pesky stuff. [5] The proposal by the trio though phrased in a way as to suggest it's a solution to the arrow of time problem, is not likely to be addressed as such by the physics community—it's more likely to be considered as yet another theory that works mathematically, yet still can't answer the basic question of what is time. [4] The Weak Interaction transforms an electric charge in the diffraction pattern from one side to the other side, causing an electric dipole momentum change, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The Neutrino Oscillation of the Weak Interaction shows that it is a General electric dipole change and it is possible to any other temperature dependent entropy and information changing diffraction pattern of atoms, molecules and even complicated biological living structures.
Category: Astrophysics

[1565] viXra:1804.0026 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-01 13:35:57

The Location of Mars on the Wolynski-Taylor Diagram

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

Mars is placed on the Wolynski-Taylor Diagram.
Category: Astrophysics

[1564] viXra:1804.0025 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-01 15:51:59

Lord Kelvin's Earth: A Correction in the Age of Exoplanets

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages.

Kelvin's Earth cooling timeframe makes sense only when a major assumption is exposed. Of course if Earth started as molten would only take 20-100 million years to cool to its given state, but the Earth did not start off as molten. Explanation is provided.
Category: Astrophysics

[1563] viXra:1804.0024 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-01 16:19:37

Optical Image Discovery of Dark Matter Based on Alternative Facts

Authors: A. Onestone
Comments: 5 Pages. 1 figure (b/w), 1 April 2018

Observations of the rotational curves of galaxies, gravitational lensing of galaxy clusters, and of temperature and polarization anisotropies of the cosmic microwave background have previously been interpreted as evidence for the gravitational signatures of a non-baryonic component of matter. Disturbingly, this invisible substance, known as "dark matter", makes up about 26.8 % of the entire mass-energy budget of the Universe. It has long been thought that it is in the very nature of dark matter to be invisible. Here we report the first successful direct imaging of dark matter. This discovery, which has been achieved through the use of alternative facts, is the greatest discovery ever. Period.
Category: Astrophysics

[1562] viXra:1803.0734 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-30 16:23:28

The Locations of K2-229b and K2-229 on the Wolynski-Taylor Diagram

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages.

K2-229b and K2-229 are placed on the Wolynski-Taylor Diagram.
Category: Astrophysics

[1561] viXra:1803.0731 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-30 23:00:48

On Hawking Hertog Inflation

Authors: Steve P Smith
Comments: 3 Pages.

The last joint paper of Stephen Hawking before his demise is directed at the expansion of the universe and suggests that maybe inflation is not infinite and that splitting may occur. The theory leans heavily towards the multiverse philosophy and is actually posed as a question from the question mark in the title “A Smooth Exit from Eternal Inflation?” Contrary to popular belief, the paper suggests an exit from infinite inflation and its end may be of a smooth nature. The paper itself is replete with acronyms and appears to be intentionally written in the customary prolix manner of theoretical physics. Although the subject of the paper is not particularly new it is cluttered and disjointed and somewhat grammatically challenged resulting in an obtuse presentation. It is the intention of the author of this paper to offer a clearer translation of the Hawking Hartog paper, which is undoubtedly difficult due to its reliance upon several esoteric theories.
Category: Astrophysics

[1560] viXra:1803.0727 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-30 07:20:53

Origin of the Solar System

Authors: CuiHaiLong
Comments: 8 Pages.

The new theory systematically explains the origin of the main features of the solar system.Especially the new doctrine.The exact formula of interplanetary distance is given.It also gives the distance formula for the satellite,For centuries,This is the first one. This study pointed out that the nine planets in the solar system orbit accuracy conforms to a formula, which we have reason to speculate that there are many planetary systems in accordance with the law in the universe, the earth's position are universal, an alien civilization is widespread.
Category: Astrophysics

[1559] viXra:1803.0700 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-29 01:40:24

On Dark Matter

Authors: Steve P Smith
Comments: 2 Pages.

The subject of dark matter seems to have become a universal solution for any anomaly which arises in cosmology today forcing the proverbial square peg into a round hole. It was suspected that galaxies do indeed obey the conventional laws of Kepler and Newton and subsequently a model was obtained so that a more thorough investigation could be made. Upon completion it immediately became apparent that a somewhat naïve interpretation of the rotational properties of galaxies has been used for decades and that the correct interpretation predicts exactly the rotational curve of spiral galaxies without any need for dark matter whatsoever.
Category: Astrophysics

[1558] viXra:1803.0697 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-29 04:49:59

About the Reason for Universe Explosion

Authors: Albert A. Davydov, Nikolay V. Zhavoronkov
Comments: 12 Pages.

The paper states a hypothesis of the process of proton excess accumulation as a result of neutron two-neutrino decay, the process which takes place in superdense substance consisting mainly of neutrons. This accumulation provokes protons electrostatic repulsion, which exceeds gravitational contraction and gives rise to substance expansion and its going out of the state of gravitational collapse. This hypothesis enables to explain the origin of primary cosmic rays of ultrahigh energies (> 10^20 eV), the origin of supernova star shell expansion energy, neutron star magnetic fields, collapsed substance big mass explosions resulting in formation of galaxies, and “Universe Big Bang”, which is unique only on its scale, but not on its nature, and which concerns not the whole universe but only its substantial part. The reason, for which experiments on two-neutrino decay can not evidence the impossibility of this decay in superdense substance of cosmic bodies, is discussed.
Category: Astrophysics

[1557] viXra:1803.0679 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-28 02:12:05

On a Newtonian Cosmos

Authors: Steve P Smith
Comments: 2 Pages.

There are only a few equations used by cosmologists to calculate the current view of the Universe all of which can be extracted often with great difficulty and mathematical gymnastics from Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity often covering several pages. Not surprisingly these same equations can also be derived using Newtonian mechanics as Einstein’s theory of General Relativity supposedly reduces to Newton’s equations. The difference is that using only Newtonian mechanics the same result can be achieved with “relative” ease. The results however are not as expected and require that a more critical analysis of the theories of modern cosmology is in order.
Category: Astrophysics

[1556] viXra:1803.0676 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-26 06:54:14

There is Such Hypothesis! Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.v. Red Color of Galaxies on Border of the Universe Indicates Their Fading, Like Fire Sparks.

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 2 Pages.

Red color of galaxies on border of the Universe indicates their fading, like fire sparks.
Category: Astrophysics

[1555] viXra:1803.0649 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-26 02:00:46

On Special Relativity

Authors: Steve P Smith
Comments: 2 Pages.

In Einstein’s paper of 1905 The Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies” more commonly known as special relativity, he makes one intentional and misleading statement which places the whole paper in jeopardy. To understand this single disingenuous change does not require high level mathematics but rather basic linguistics. The erroneous change was first noticed by the author in the mid-sixties in a high school physics class which yielded incorrect results when calculated. The same basic calculation can be done today and yields exactly the same result. It is certainly strange that to this day not a single person has noticed the misleading statement and the common saying that, “the best place to hide something is in plain sight”, could never be truer. This paper shows where the intentional misleading statement occurs and its effect on the entire theory.
Category: Astrophysics

[1554] viXra:1803.0644 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-26 05:48:27

Victim of the Cometary Flood Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.v. Atlantis – the Victim of the Flood of the Cometary Origin Finishing Ice Age.

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

Atlantis – the victim of the Flood of the cometary origin finishing Ice Age.
Category: Astrophysics

[1553] viXra:1803.0643 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-26 05:54:02

Kak Super-Kastryulya with Borshchyom Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.v. the Yellowstone Volcano is not a Volcano, But Just Huge Abnormal Power Zone.

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

The Yellowstone volcano is not a volcano, but just huge abnormal power zone.
Category: Astrophysics

[1552] viXra:1803.0639 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-24 19:12:22

Chromospheric Emission Lines: Rules of Formation

Authors: Pierre-Marie Robitaille
Comments: 10 Pages.

This is a copy of the slides I presented on 3/24/2018 at the Ohio Section Meeting of the American Physical Society at Michigan State University. The accompanying APS abstract in the Bulletin of the APS can be found here: http://meetings.aps.org/Meeting/OSS18/Session/G2.4 In this talk, when I refer to Condensed Hydrogen Structures (CHS), I am referring to objects such as spicules in the chromosphere.
Category: Astrophysics

[1551] viXra:1803.0636 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-23 18:11:39

Wave Function of Solar System

Authors: Tufail Abbas, Ruud Loeffen
Comments: 22 Pages.

This paper presents an alternative approach and a possible way forward to combine Gravity, Electromagnetism and Quantum Physics, by deriving analogy between ‘parameters of Hydrogen Atom’ and ‘derived parameters of Solar System’ using postulated Root Mean Square Velocity (v-rms) of Solar System. It is shown that derived parameters can be used to write wave function ψ-sol of the solar system. Further it is shown that αsol(= vrms/c) which is the structure constant of the solar system, could be used to derive a dimensionless Gravitational Constant Similar interesting relationship has been derived with other cosmological parameters to interpret a Mathematical Universe evolving from unities of wave function, embedded within structure constants of its constituents.
Category: Astrophysics

[1550] viXra:1803.0545 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-23 10:11:36

Trying to Understand the Universe

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

Scientists at Rutgers University–New Brunswick and elsewhere are at a crossroads in their 50-year quest to go beyond the Standard Model in physics. [11] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the electric current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. New ideas for interactions and particles: This paper examines also the possibility to origin the Spontaneously Broken Symmetries from the Planck Distribution Law. This way we get a Unification of the Strong, Electromagnetic, and Weak Interactions from the interference occurrences of oscillators. Understanding that the relativistic mass change is the result of the magnetic induction we arrive to the conclusion that the Gravitational Force is also based on the electromagnetic forces, getting a Unified Relativistic Quantum Theory of all 4 Interactions.
Category: Astrophysics

[1549] viXra:1803.0492 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-23 03:20:36

A Precise Value of the Hubble Constant in the Planck Model

Authors: Bernard Riley
Comments: 3 pages

The matter density parameter omega_m and Hubble constant H_0 appear together twice in the equations of the Planck Model. First, the entropy of the Hubble sphere is given by the product of omega_m and the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy of a black hole of Hubble radius c/H_0. When omega_m and H_0 take realistic values the entropy approximates closely to a special value within a binary scheme formulated for black holes. With the entropy set exactly to that special value, one may write down an equation in which H_0 is a function of omega_m. Second, the dark energy density has a definite value that is related to the Bohr radius. Consequently, one may write down a second equation in which H_0 is a function of omega_m. Solving the two equations simultaneously one finds that omega_m = 0.358 and H_0 = 75.4 km/s/Mpc.
Category: Astrophysics

[1548] viXra:1803.0480 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-22 08:56:25

Reminder on the Kernel Nikitin V. N., Nikitin I. V. Mysterious Whirlwinds on Gas Planets Are the Investigation of Power Streams of Kernels of Planets.

Authors: Nikitin V. N., Nikitin I. V.
Comments: 1 Page.

Mysterious whirlwinds on gas planets are the investigation of power streams of kernels of planets.
Category: Astrophysics

[1547] viXra:1803.0432 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-22 07:32:36

Earth and Mars Motions Interaction

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 38 Pages.

Why does Earth rotate 4-years Cycle (1461 days? Because there's an interaction and coherence between Earth, Moon and Mars Motions, this interaction causes this 4-years Cycle This paper tries to prove this fact, and explains its mechanism. Also we discuss here the "Distance" and "Time" Definitions, explaining how to distinguish between the matter and space.
Category: Astrophysics

[1546] viXra:1803.0309 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-20 10:52:52

Unique Crystals for Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

A new particle detector design proposed at the U.S. Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) could greatly broaden the search for dark matter—which makes up 85 percent of the total mass of the universe yet we don't know what it's made of—into an unexplored realm. [28] University of Houston scientists are helping to develop a technology that could hold the key to unraveling one of the great mysteries of science: what constitutes dark matter? [27] This week, scientists from around the world who gathered at the University of California, Los Angeles, at the Dark Matter 2018 Symposium learned of new results in the search for evidence of the elusive material in Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) by the DarkSide-50 detector. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25]
Category: Astrophysics

[1545] viXra:1803.0286 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-19 07:20:22

Under One Blanket Nikitin V. N., Nikitin I. V. Phobos Has Caused a General Flood on Mars, Has Covered Him with a Dusty Red Blanket, Has Forced Out the Atmosphere and Water to His Internal Area, and All Cloak Has Followed on a Surface. the Atacama Desert O

Authors: Nikitin V. N., Nikitin I. V.
Comments: 2 Pages.

Phobos has caused a general flood on Mars, has covered him with a dusty red blanket, has forced out the atmosphere and water to his internal area, and all cloak has followed on a surface. The Atacama Desert on Earth was comprehended by the same fate that confirms this hypothesis.
Category: Astrophysics

[1544] viXra:1803.0285 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-19 07:30:12

They Will be Together Nikitin V. N., Nikitin I. V. Milky Put and Andromeda Won't Face, They Will Just Merge in a Uniform Power Stream, Like Charged Particles.

Authors: Nikitin V. N., Nikitin I. V.
Comments: 1 Page.

Milky Put and Andromeda won't face, they will just merge in a uniform power stream, like charged particles.
Category: Astrophysics

[1543] viXra:1803.0283 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-19 07:55:36

Without Knot, But with the Hitch Nikitin V. N., Nikitina M.i. the Reason of Formation of Spots on Gas Planets and the Suchkovykh of Rings at Trees is a Result of the Directed Movement of Power Streams Concerning an Object.

Authors: Nikitin V. N., Nikitina M.I.
Comments: 2 Pages.

The reason of formation of spots on gas planets and the suchkovykh of rings at trees is a result of the directed movement of power streams concerning an object.
Category: Astrophysics

[1542] viXra:1803.0277 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-18 08:42:25

On the Possible Nature of Dark Matter and Dark Energy

Authors: Anatoly V. Belyakov
Comments: 6 Pages.

It is assumed that the dark matter particle can be a structural unit of cosmological scale (superphoton) emitted by the active center of galaxies, analogous to a photon and ball lightning (macrophoton), which are structural units of micro- and macroscales. The low density, potential and temperature of superphotons make them invisible during astronomical observations, and their negative charge prevents the galaxies from approaching each other that can explain the phenomenon of dark energy. It is shown that the existence of superphotons together with the presence of cosmic rays indicates the conservation of the electric charge as a whole in cosmological scales. It is assumed that the superphoton, like a giant ball lightning with energy of 1.03×1017 J, could collide with the Earth that could explain the Tunguska phenomenon.
Category: Astrophysics

[1541] viXra:1803.0276 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-18 09:18:03

An Universe Finite :Cosmic Microwave Background and Newton Law of Gravitation

Authors: Alberto Coe
Comments: 4 Pages.

Is the Universe finite or infinite ? In this paper we assume that the Universe is finite . The sites for posible stars the Universe could admit of is finite . Such number can be described from a dimensionless parameter . This dimensionless parameter consists of two particular length dimensions : Bohr radius and Planck’s length . Besides length dimensions , since the universe is dynamic , we must include an exponential parameter .
Category: Astrophysics

[1540] viXra:1803.0260 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-18 02:54:43

On Hawkings Error

Authors: Steve P Smith
Comments: 2 Pages.

Hawking radiation is currently considered by the academic community as being a proven fact however nothing could be further from the truth. It is nothing more than a theory based upon several other as yet unproven theories. Hawking radiation is a theory that can be disproven so simply that any high school physics student can accomplish this with just one equation and little basic logic. There are also blatantly obvious logical errors in the theory itself which will be explained. It does however require thought and the motivation to do so which is the purpose of this paper suggesting why the Hawking radiation theory should be abandoned.
Category: Astrophysics

[1539] viXra:1803.0249 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-17 09:20:30

Black Holes Like Aspirin

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 10 Pages.

When Stephen Hawking postulated in the mid-1970s that black holes leak radiation, slowly dissolving like aspirin in a glass of water, he overturned a core tenet of the Universe. [10] That’s what some physicists have argued for years: That black holes are the ultimate vaults, entities that suck in information and then evaporate without leaving behind any clues as to what they once contained. But new research shows that this perspective may not be correct. [9] Considering the positive logarithmic values as the measure of entropy and the negative logarithmic values as the measure of information we get the Information – Entropy Theory of Physics, used first as the model of the computer chess program built in the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. Applying this model to physics we have an understanding of the perturbation theory of the QED and QCD as the Information measure of Physics. We have an insight to the current research of Quantum Information Science. The generalization of the Weak Interaction shows the arrow of time in the associate research fields of the biophysics and others. We discuss also the event horizon of the Black Holes, closing the information inside.
Category: Astrophysics

[1538] viXra:1803.0241 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-17 01:29:00

As Twin Brothers Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.v. the Nature of Origin of a Crater of "Monster Eyes" on Earth is Similar to a Crater "Spider" on Mercury /

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

The nature of origin of a crater of "Monster eyes" on Earth is similar to a crater "Spider" on Mercury /
Category: Astrophysics

[1537] viXra:1803.0240 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-17 01:39:47

Concerning Relativity Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.v. in the Universe Everything Concerning Space of Anything, God and Time! it Belongs Both to Material, and to Inner World!

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

In the Universe everything concerning space of Anything, God and Time! It belongs both to material, and to inner world!
Category: Astrophysics

[1536] viXra:1803.0238 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-17 03:15:42

The Banded Future Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.v. Rings of Saturn Are a Consequence of the Climatic Climate Changes of Solar System Caused by Her Movement in the Galaxy and the Galaxy in the Universe.

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 3 Pages.

Rings of Saturn are a consequence of the climatic climate changes of Solar system caused by her movement in the galaxy and the galaxy in the Universe.
Category: Astrophysics

[1535] viXra:1803.0237 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-17 03:26:50

Shadows Disappear at Midnight Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.v. the Luminescence of the Moon in the Period of a Lunar Eclipse is Caused by a Deviation of Rays of Light Near Massive Objects Specularly in Different Directions.

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 2 Pages.

The luminescence of the Moon in the period of a lunar eclipse is caused by a deviation of rays of light near massive objects specularly in different directions.
Category: Astrophysics

[1534] viXra:1803.0236 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-17 03:39:23

As Stub Nikitin V.N., Nikitina M.i. the Cause of Climatic Rings of Saturn and Annual Rings of Trees – Same.

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitina M.I.
Comments: 2 Pages.

The cause of climatic rings of Saturn and annual rings of trees – same.
Category: Astrophysics

[1533] viXra:1803.0235 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-17 04:10:36

In Vain Look for the Cat Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.v. the Solar System Should Have no Eighth Planet, and Gravitational Impact on Planets of Solar System is Exerted by Her Power Cover.

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

The Solar system should have no eighth planet, and gravitational impact on planets of Solar system is exerted by her power cover.
Category: Astrophysics

[1532] viXra:1803.0221 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-16 02:19:32

Experiment that Find Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

University of Houston scientists are helping to develop a technology that could hold the key to unraveling one of the great mysteries of science: what constitutes dark matter? [27] This week, scientists from around the world who gathered at the University of California, Los Angeles, at the Dark Matter 2018 Symposium learned of new results in the search for evidence of the elusive material in Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) by the DarkSide-50 detector. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] “We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit.” [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter—the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20] Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in Germany have now come up with a new theory on how dark matter may have been formed shortly after the origin of the universe. [19]
Category: Astrophysics

[1531] viXra:1803.0214 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-15 10:00:00

World of Dark Matter Research

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 31 Pages.

There is absolutely no guarantee that we will discover a dark matter particle. But we might. And that could change our understanding of everything. [23] A team of researchers from the U.S., New Zealand, Australia and Germany has found evidence suggesting that a type of star formation near the center of the Milky Way is responsible for large gamma ray emissions, not dark matter. [22] The PRISMA researchers propose a scenario in which two dark matter particles collide, resulting in their mutual annihilation. [21] A new model introduces a charge for dark matter, which would allow it to radiate energy and form compact objects such as dark stars or dark galaxies. [20] Just how quickly is the dark matter near Earth zipping around? The speed of dark matter has far-reaching consequences for modern astrophysical research, but this fundamental property has eluded researchers for years. [19] A NASA rocket experiment could use the Doppler effect to look for signs of dark matter in mysterious X-ray emissions from space. [18] CfA astronomers Annalisa Pillepich and Lars Hernquist and their colleagues compared gravitationally distorted Hubble images of the galaxy cluster Abell 2744 and two other clusters with the results of computer simulations of dark matter haloes. [17] In a paper published July 20 in the journal Physical Review Letters, an international team of cosmologists uses data from the intergalactic medium— the vast, largely empty space between galaxies—to narrow down what dark matter could be. [16] But a new hypothesis might have gotten us closer to figuring out its identity, because physicists now suspect that dark matter has been changing forms this whole time-from ghostly particles in the Universe's biggest structures, to a strange, superfluid state at smaller scales. And we might soon have the tools to confirm it. [15] Superfluids may exist inside neutron stars, and some researchers have speculated that space-time itself may be a superfluid. So why shouldn't dark matter have a superfluid phase, too? [14] "The best result on dark matter so far—and we just got started." This is how scientists behind XENON1T, now the most sensitive dark matter experiment worldwide , commented on their first result from a short 30-day run presented today to the scientific community. [13] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter. SIMPs would resolve certain discrepancies between simulations of the distribution of dark matter, like this one, and the observed properties of the galaxies. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1530] viXra:1803.0188 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-13 08:17:34

Magnetism in the Universe

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

Flows of molten metal can generate magnetic fields. This so-called dynamo effect creates cosmic magnetic fields, like those found on planets, moons and even asteroids. [25] Working together, Miller, Boehme, Vardeny and their colleagues have shown that an organic-based magnet can carry waves of quantum mechanical magnetization, called magnons, and convert those waves to electrical signals. [24] While standard quantum hardware entangles particles in two states, the team has found a way to generate and entangle pairs of particles that each has 15 states. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22] The breakthrough was made in the lab of Andrea Alù, director of the ASRC's Photonics Initiative. Alù and his colleagues from The City College of New York, University of Texas at Austin and Tel Aviv University were inspired by the seminal work of three British researchers who won the 2016 Noble Prize in Physics for their work, which teased out that particular properties of matter (such as electrical conductivity) can be preserved in certain materials despite continuous changes in the matter's form or shape. [21] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new technology for switching heat flows 'on' or 'off'. [20]
Category: Astrophysics

[1529] viXra:1803.0187 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-13 08:45:03

Mismatch in Cosmic Expansion

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

The group's results reinforce a disagreement over the value of the Hubble constant as measured directly and as calculated via observations of primordial radiation – a disparity, say the researchers, which likely points to new physics. [25] Neutron stars consist of the densest form of matter known: a neutron star the size of Los Angeles can weigh twice as much as our sun. [24] Supermassive black holes, which lurk at the heart of most galaxies, are often described as "beasts" or "monsters". [23] The nuclei of most galaxies host supermassive black holes containing millions to billions of solar-masses of material. [22] New research shows the first evidence of strong winds around black holes throughout bright outburst events when a black hole rapidly consumes mass. [21] Chris Packham, associate professor of physics and astronomy at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), has collaborated on a new study that expands the scientific community's understanding of black holes in our galaxy and the magnetic fields that surround them. [20] In a paper published today in the journal Science, University of Florida scientists have discovered these tears in the fabric of the universe have significantly weaker magnetic fields than previously thought. [19] The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters—it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there's a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17] Astronomers have constructed the first map of the universe based on the positions of supermassive black holes, which reveals the large-scale structure of the universe. [16] Astronomers want to record an image of the heart of our galaxy for the first time: a global collaboration of radio dishes is to take a detailed look at the black hole which is assumed to be located there. [15]
Category: Astrophysics

[1528] viXra:1803.0186 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-13 09:11:53

Gamma Ray not from Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 28 Pages.

A team of researchers from the U.S., New Zealand, Australia and Germany has found evidence suggesting that a type of star formation near the center of the Milky Way is responsible for large gamma ray emissions, not dark matter. [22] The PRISMA researchers propose a scenario in which two dark matter particles collide, resulting in their mutual annihilation. [21] A new model introduces a charge for dark matter, which would allow it to radiate energy and form compact objects such as dark stars or dark galaxies. [20] Just how quickly is the dark matter near Earth zipping around? The speed of dark matter has far-reaching consequences for modern astrophysical research, but this fundamental property has eluded researchers for years. [19] A NASA rocket experiment could use the Doppler effect to look for signs of dark matter in mysterious X-ray emissions from space. [18] CfA astronomers Annalisa Pillepich and Lars Hernquist and their colleagues compared gravitationally distorted Hubble images of the galaxy cluster Abell 2744 and two other clusters with the results of computer simulations of dark matter haloes. [17] In a paper published July 20 in the journal Physical Review Letters, an international team of cosmologists uses data from the intergalactic medium— the vast, largely empty space between galaxies—to narrow down what dark matter could be. [16] But a new hypothesis might have gotten us closer to figuring out its identity, because physicists now suspect that dark matter has been changing forms this whole time-from ghostly particles in the Universe's biggest structures, to a strange, superfluid state at smaller scales. And we might soon have the tools to confirm it. [15] Superfluids may exist inside neutron stars, and some researchers have speculated that space-time itself may be a superfluid. So why shouldn't dark matter have a superfluid phase, too? [14] "The best result on dark matter so far—and we just got started." This is how scientists behind XENON1T, now the most sensitive dark matter experiment worldwide , commented on their first result from a short 30-day run presented today to the scientific community. [13] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter. SIMPs would resolve certain discrepancies between simulations of the distribution of dark matter, like this one, and the observed properties of the galaxies. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1527] viXra:1803.0185 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-13 10:24:22

Protoclusters and Quasars

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

Using Hyper Suprime-Cam (HSC) mounted on the Subaru Telescope, astronomers have identified nearly 200 "protoclusters," the progenitors of galaxy clusters, in the early universe, about 12 billion years ago, about ten times more than previously known. [26] The group's results reinforce a disagreement over the value of the Hubble constant as measured directly and as calculated via observations of primordial radiation – a disparity, say the researchers, which likely points to new physics. [25] Neutron stars consist of the densest form of matter known: a neutron star the size of Los Angeles can weigh twice as much as our sun. [24] Supermassive black holes, which lurk at the heart of most galaxies, are often described as "beasts" or "monsters". [23] The nuclei of most galaxies host supermassive black holes containing millions to billions of solar-masses of material. [22] New research shows the first evidence of strong winds around black holes throughout bright outburst events when a black hole rapidly consumes mass. [21] Chris Packham, associate professor of physics and astronomy at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), has collaborated on a new study that expands the scientific community's understanding of black holes in our galaxy and the magnetic fields that surround them. [20] In a paper published today in the journal Science, University of Florida scientists have discovered these tears in the fabric of the universe have significantly weaker magnetic fields than previously thought. [19] The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters—it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there's a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17] Astronomers have constructed the first map of the universe based on the positions of supermassive black holes, which reveals the large-scale structure of the universe. [16]
Category: Astrophysics

[1526] viXra:1803.0169 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-12 10:16:52

The Purging Hypothesis; the New Paradigm for Solar System Formation, Solving All SNDM Paradoxes While Fully Integrating Solar and Planetary Formation

Authors: R. Winnubst
Comments: 15 Pages.

The Solar Nebular Disk Model (SNDM) is the widely accepted paradigm for solar system formation. However, this modern variant of the almost 300 year-old ‘Nebular Hypothesis’ is plagued by an unacceptable number of paradoxes and unsolved issues such as the angular momentum paradox, the formation of terrestrial planets and abundant presence of water. Suspecting SNDM may be fundamentally flawed, a new paradigm was synthesised via ‘connective reversed engineering’ under the most challenging design parameters possible: 1.None of SNDM’s paradoxes are allowed to remain 2.All formation aspects must be consistent with the latest footage of Hubble ST, Spitzer ST and ALMA 3.All formation aspects must logically interconnect to provide a solid end-to-end ‘story line’. After nearly 2 years of re-designing efforts, eliminating countless sequence permutations, only one process emerged that can explain solar system formation in the required integrated and paradox free way: The Purging Hypothesis.
Category: Astrophysics

[1525] viXra:1803.0161 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-12 04:49:40

Residual Annual and Diurnal Variations of the P10 Radio Doppler Signals Eventually Resolved in CMB Space Approach

Authors: Roland Pabisch
Comments: 6 Pages.

Applying the general, classical Doppler formula of first order for two-way radio Doppler signals in the fundamental rest frame of the isotropic cosmic microwave background radiation (CMB) between earthbound Deep Space Network stations (DSN) and the Pioneer 10 space probe (P10) resolves the phenomenon of the residual, so far unexplained annual and diurnal variations. We use the absolute velocities ue of Earth, and upio of P10, derived from the absolute velocity usun of the solar system barycenter in the CMB, with usun = 370.0 ± 0.22 km/s, and the relative revolution velocity ve of Earth, and the relative velocity vpio of P10 in the heliocentric frame from January 1987 until December 1996. The revolution of Earth causes a significant variation of ue, since the absolute velocity vector usub inclines the ecliptic plane with a small declination of β = -10.6 ° at λ = 169.5 ° towards constellation Becher. The anomal annual and diurnal deviations of the radio Doppler signals vanish, if instead of the standard Doppler formulas of first and second order the above mentioned CMB-Doppler formula is used. The thus only apparent residual annual term, which is derived from that theoretical method, matches closely the experimental data, published and analyzed in detail by Anderson & Laing & Lau & et al. (2002), in magnitude of the amplitude, date of the minima and maxima of the approximate sine wave, and the decrease of the amplitude between 1987 and 1996. For the diurnal term the observed magnitude, and an annual term maximum on 1996 December 17, also fit our theoretical prediction. Finally we analyze in brief the flyby Doppler- and ranging data anomalies, which also can be resolved by using the new theoretical assertions.
Category: Astrophysics

[1524] viXra:1803.0157 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-11 08:56:42

The Anteros Hypothesis

Authors: Dan James
Comments: 4 Pages. 1500 words

It is widely accepted that Valles Marineris is tectonic in origin, but despite almost five decades of research this remains a hypothesis and it is generally agreed that there is no other evidence for tectonic activity on Mars. Using Valles Marineris to prove a tectonic theory is therefore a circular argument. Despite the observation that most planetary surfaces have been modified principally by impact events, dismissing an impact event as an origin for Valles Marineris has been trivially easy owing to the lack of any rigorous or plausible mechanism. Here I propose a mechanism for an impact event which is consistent with observation and physical theory, and which, I claim, has far more explanatory power than a tectonic hypothesis.
Category: Astrophysics

[1523] viXra:1803.0156 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-11 09:07:10

Merger Between Galaxies

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

A merger between galaxies can trigger can intense radiation from bursts star formation and from the accretion of gas onto the two supermassive black holes at their centers. [26] However, a surprising new discovery from a Caltech researcher suggests that the Schrödinger Equation—the fundamental equation of quantum mechanics—is remarkably useful in describing the long-term evolution of certain astronomical structures. [25] Neutron stars consist of the densest form of matter known: a neutron star the size of Los Angeles can weigh twice as much as our sun. [24] Supermassive black holes, which lurk at the heart of most galaxies, are often described as "beasts" or "monsters". [23] The nuclei of most galaxies host supermassive black holes containing millions to billions of solar-masses of material. [22] New research shows the first evidence of strong winds around black holes throughout bright outburst events when a black hole rapidly consumes mass. [21] Chris Packham, associate professor of physics and astronomy at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), has collaborated on a new study that expands the scientific community's understanding of black holes in our galaxy and the magnetic fields that surround them. [20] In a paper published today in the journal Science, University of Florida scientists have discovered these tears in the fabric of the universe have significantly weaker magnetic fields than previously thought. [19] The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters—it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there's a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17] Astronomers have constructed the first map of the universe based on the positions of supermassive black holes, which reveals the large-scale structure of the universe. [16]
Category: Astrophysics

[1522] viXra:1803.0142 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-10 08:46:55

Dark Energy and Recent Controversy.

Authors: Durgadas Datta.
Comments: 3 Pages. Questioning the dark energy?

The concept of gravity and calculation from red shift may not be correct and we are confused by our approach from relativity theory. Our universe is much more dynamic and non isotropic than we think or standard model suggests. Recently, I have published more than a dozen papers to re look our basic concepts and interpret correctly from my theories .
Category: Astrophysics

[1521] viXra:1803.0122 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-09 08:41:01

New Relativistic Quantum Star

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

In a paper recently published in Physical Review Letters, Carballo-Rubio describes a novel mathematical model combining general relativity with the repulsive effect of quantum vacuum polarization. [25] Neutron stars consist of the densest form of matter known: a neutron star the size of Los Angeles can weigh twice as much as our sun. [24] Supermassive black holes, which lurk at the heart of most galaxies, are often described as "beasts" or "monsters". [23] The nuclei of most galaxies host supermassive black holes containing millions to billions of solar-masses of material. [22] New research shows the first evidence of strong winds around black holes throughout bright outburst events when a black hole rapidly consumes mass. [21] Chris Packham, associate professor of physics and astronomy at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), has collaborated on a new study that expands the scientific community's understanding of black holes in our galaxy and the magnetic fields that surround them. [20] In a paper published today in the journal Science, University of Florida scientists have discovered these tears in the fabric of the universe have significantly weaker magnetic fields than previously thought. [19] The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters—it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there's a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17] Astronomers have constructed the first map of the universe based on the positions of supermassive black holes, which reveals the large-scale structure of the universe. [16] Astronomers want to record an image of the heart of our galaxy for the first time: a global collaboration of radio dishes is to take a detailed look at the black hole which is assumed to be located there. [15]
Category: Astrophysics

[1520] viXra:1803.0115 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-08 23:52:23

On the Gravitational Constant

Authors: Steve P Smith
Comments: 2 Pages.

In 1687 Isaac Newton published “Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica” , which established the three laws of motion and the law of Universal Gravitation which laid the groundwork for classical mechanics. The relationship between force, mass and distance inspired by Kepler’s earlier work gave rise to the value what is now more commonly referred to as the gravitational constant “G”. The value of this constant has since become a fundamental part of almost every cosmological theory to the current day. This paper analyzes the profound effect Newton had upon modern cosmology.
Category: Astrophysics

[1519] viXra:1803.0097 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-07 09:58:06

The Truth About Exoplanet False Positives

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages. 2 diagrams

In this paper two diagrams are shown. One explains what the dogma considers a “false positive” with reference to exoplanet discovery, the other shows that false positives are not false positives. Reasoning is provided based on the new worldview.
Category: Astrophysics

[1518] viXra:1803.0066 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-05 08:40:49

Stellar Explosions Model

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 28 Pages.

Neutron stars consist of the densest form of matter known: a neutron star the size of Los Angeles can weigh twice as much as our sun. [24] Supermassive black holes, which lurk at the heart of most galaxies, are often described as "beasts" or "monsters". [23] The nuclei of most galaxies host supermassive black holes containing millions to billions of solar-masses of material. [22] New research shows the first evidence of strong winds around black holes throughout bright outburst events when a black hole rapidly consumes mass. [21] Chris Packham, associate professor of physics and astronomy at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), has collaborated on a new study that expands the scientific community's understanding of black holes in our galaxy and the magnetic fields that surround them. [20] In a paper published today in the journal Science, University of Florida scientists have discovered these tears in the fabric of the universe have significantly weaker magnetic fields than previously thought. [19] The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters—it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there's a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17] Astronomers have constructed the first map of the universe based on the positions of supermassive black holes, which reveals the large-scale structure of the universe. [16] Astronomers want to record an image of the heart of our galaxy for the first time: a global collaboration of radio dishes is to take a detailed look at the black hole which is assumed to be located there. [15] A team of researchers from around the world is getting ready to create what might be the first image of a black hole. [14]
Category: Astrophysics

[1517] viXra:1803.0063 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-05 11:32:08

Astrophysics by Schrodinger Equation

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

However, a surprising new discovery from a Caltech researcher suggests that the Schrödinger Equation—the fundamental equation of quantum mechanics—is remarkably useful in describing the long-term evolution of certain astronomical structures. [25] Neutron stars consist of the densest form of matter known: a neutron star the size of Los Angeles can weigh twice as much as our sun. [24] Supermassive black holes, which lurk at the heart of most galaxies, are often described as "beasts" or "monsters". [23] The nuclei of most galaxies host supermassive black holes containing millions to billions of solar-masses of material. [22] New research shows the first evidence of strong winds around black holes throughout bright outburst events when a black hole rapidly consumes mass. [21] Chris Packham, associate professor of physics and astronomy at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), has collaborated on a new study that expands the scientific community's understanding of black holes in our galaxy and the magnetic fields that surround them. [20] In a paper published today in the journal Science, University of Florida scientists have discovered these tears in the fabric of the universe have significantly weaker magnetic fields than previously thought. [19] The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters—it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there's a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17] Astronomers have constructed the first map of the universe based on the positions of supermassive black holes, which reveals the large-scale structure of the universe. [16] Astronomers want to record an image of the heart of our galaxy for the first time: a global collaboration of radio dishes is to take a detailed look at the black hole which is assumed to be located there. [15]
Category: Astrophysics

[1516] viXra:1803.0062 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-04 20:52:29

On the Hubble Law

Authors: Steve P Smith
Comments: 3 Pages.

Since the announcement that supernovae data shows that the universe is expanding there has been little to no further analysis of the claim. Recent observations have cast doubt upon this result and suggest that new physics may be required. It is thought by the author that existing physics is adequate to explain current anomalous observations. To achieve an acceptable solution, there is however a requirement not only to accept the overwhelming observational data but also to set aside any preconceived notions that may exist in relation to the Hubble law and red-shift in general. It will be shown that an aspect of the mathematical model upon which almost all of the claims to recessional velocity are based, may indeed be erroneous.
Category: Astrophysics

[1515] viXra:1803.0058 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-05 01:21:25

In a New Way Nikitin V.N., Nikitina M.i. Russian National Fairy Tale "Turnip" in a New Way as Result of Effective Informative and Creative Communication with the Child.

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitina M.I.
Comments: 1 Page.

Russian national fairy tale "Turnip" in a new way as result of effective informative and creative communication with the child.
Category: Astrophysics

[1514] viXra:1803.0057 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-05 01:34:01

You Are Simply Divine, the Chicken of Ryaba! Nikitin V.N., Nikitina M.i. in the Beginning there Was Information on the Universe, and Then Already Her Materialization.

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitina M.I.
Comments: 1 Page.

In the beginning there was information on the Universe, and then already her materialization.
Category: Astrophysics

[1513] viXra:1803.0041 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-03 05:51:16

Jets from Supermassive Black Holes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 25 Pages.

Supermassive black holes, which lurk at the heart of most galaxies, are often described as "beasts" or "monsters". [23] The nuclei of most galaxies host supermassive black holes containing millions to billions of solar-masses of material. [22] New research shows the first evidence of strong winds around black holes throughout bright outburst events when a black hole rapidly consumes mass. [21] Chris Packham, associate professor of physics and astronomy at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), has collaborated on a new study that expands the scientific community's understanding of black holes in our galaxy and the magnetic fields that surround them. [20] In a paper published today in the journal Science, University of Florida scientists have discovered these tears in the fabric of the universe have significantly weaker magnetic fields than previously thought. [19] The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters—it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there's a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17] Astronomers have constructed the first map of the universe based on the positions of supermassive black holes, which reveals the large-scale structure of the universe. [16] Astronomers want to record an image of the heart of our galaxy for the first time: a global collaboration of radio dishes is to take a detailed look at the black hole which is assumed to be located there. [15] A team of researchers from around the world is getting ready to create what might be the first image of a black hole. [14] "There seems to be a mysterious link between the amount of dark matter a galaxy holds and the size of its central black hole, even though the two operate on vastly different scales," said Akos Bogdan of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA). [13]
Category: Astrophysics

[1512] viXra:1803.0030 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-02 11:09:00

Sharp Dark Matter Map

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

A research team of multiple institutes, including the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan and University of Tokyo, released an unprecedentedly wide and sharp dark matter map based on the newly obtained imaging data by Hyper Suprime-Cam on the Subaru Telescope. [28] A signal caused by the very first stars to form in the universe has been picked up by a tiny but highly specialised radio telescope in the remote Western Australian desert. [27] This week, scientists from around the world who gathered at the University of California, Los Angeles, at the Dark Matter 2018 Symposium learned of new results in the search for evidence of the elusive material in Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) by the DarkSide-50 detector. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] " We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit. " [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter—the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21]
Category: Astrophysics

[1511] viXra:1803.0024 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-01 09:20:21

Dark Matter from the First Stars

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

A signal caused by the very first stars to form in the universe has been picked up by a tiny but highly specialised radio telescope in the remote Western Australian desert. [27] This week, scientists from around the world who gathered at the University of California, Los Angeles, at the Dark Matter 2018 Symposium learned of new results in the search for evidence of the elusive material in Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) by the DarkSide-50 detector. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] " We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit. " [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter—the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20]
Category: Astrophysics

[1510] viXra:1803.0012 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-01 13:19:40

Redshift/CBR as Intrinsic Blackbody Cavity-QED Absorption/Emission Equilibrium Dynamics

Authors: Richard L Amoroso, Elizabeth A Rauscher
Comments: 35 Pages. https://doi.org/10.1142/9789812839312_0007

Alternative interpretations for the two main pillars of Big Bang cosmology are formally introduced. A redshift / CBR complementarity is delineated as complex blackbody equilibrium conditions intrinsic to the Cavity-QED resonance dynamics of the spin exchange coupling inherent in extended spacetime hyperstructure oscillations rotating relativistically within the topology of a higher dimensional (HD) form of a covariant polarized Dirac vacuum, with correspondence to the usual asymptotically flat Einstein/Minkowski energy-dependent spacetime metric, . In this frame a Vigier style dissipative redshift mechanism is described as absorption and Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation (CBR) as emission within the context of an extended de Broglie-Bohm-Vigier causal interpretation of quantum theory that includes extended EM theory and photon mass anisotropy.
Category: Astrophysics

[1509] viXra:1803.0003 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-01 01:53:26

Is a Different Search Protocol Required for Success in SETI Research?

Authors: Richard L Amoroso, Elizabeth A Rauscher
Comments: 18 Pages. https://doi.org/10.1142/9789812839312_0013.

In an Anthropic Multiverse intelligent civilizations are purported to be the rule rather than the statistical exception, providing circumstantial evidence that the current SETI search protocol to find civilizations similar to our own is inadequate since the SETI program is over fifty years old. From the current cosmological perspective researchers are content to perform straight forward searches for narrow-band electromagnetic transmissions from technologically based extra-solar civilizations. Here it is suggested that the scenario in an Anthropic Multiverse requires a radical new observational approach.
Category: Astrophysics

[1508] viXra:1802.0403 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-27 08:09:56

Riemmann-Reechi Local Curvature Hypothesiis of Observable Belestial Objectes

Authors: Soerivhe Iriene
Comments: 3 Pages.

Rules for guideance of natural knowledge should be of guided by EXPERIENCE alone. And not hypotetical thinking whicvh will lead to paths down of dark way, like in current physics research of lie. Most basic observation are of REAL type and thefore should have of REAL theories. Unacceptable idea such as string theory and hyptotetical particle like Albert Higgs “God Particle” is counter to REAL observcation. Much physiscs since time of Einstein is decption! String have NO PROOF. QCD confinement problem is of unreal believe. Amplitude discovereis analysis recent gluposti. Most widespred deception is copernickan hypothis and round celestial body. Here it is to demonstrate how decption is refute by REAL observajion.
Category: Astrophysics

[1507] viXra:1802.0379 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-27 01:46:53

Have Begun to Whirl the Head Nikitin V.N., Nikitina M.i. Images on Fields Are the Messages for Aliens from Underground Inhabitants of Earth Created by Means of the Power Transmitter – a Projector.

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitina M.I.
Comments: 2 Pages.

Images on fields are the messages for aliens from underground inhabitants of Earth created by means of the power transmitter – a projector.
Category: Astrophysics

[1506] viXra:1802.0301 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-21 07:40:14

Black Holes Erase Your Past

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 28 Pages.

If someone were to venture into one of these relatively benign black holes, they could survive, but their past would be obliterated and they could have an infinite number of possible futures. [19] The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters—it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there's a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17] Astronomers have constructed the first map of the universe based on the positions of supermassive black holes, which reveals the large-scale structure of the universe. [16] Astronomers want to record an image of the heart of our galaxy for the first time: a global collaboration of radio dishes is to take a detailed look at the black hole which is assumed to be located there. [15] A team of researchers from around the world is getting ready to create what might be the first image of a black hole. [14] "There seems to be a mysterious link between the amount of dark matter a galaxy holds and the size of its central black hole, even though the two operate on vastly different scales," said Akos Bogdan of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA). [13] If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12] For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think " the Big Bang " , except just the opposite. That's essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1505] viXra:1802.0297 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-21 09:44:01

Dark Matter Detector Success

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

This week, scientists from around the world who gathered at the University of California, Los Angeles, at the Dark Matter 2018 Symposium learned of new results in the search for evidence of the elusive material in Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) by the DarkSide-50 detector. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] “We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit.” [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter—the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20] Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in Germany have now come up with a new theory on how dark matter may have been formed shortly after the origin of the universe. [19] Map of dark matter made from gravitational lensing measurements of 26 million galaxies in the Dark Energy Survey. [18]
Category: Astrophysics

[1504] viXra:1802.0295 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-21 10:36:43

Black Hole Mystery Deepened

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 28 Pages.

Answering the question "How did galaxies form and evolve during the 13.8-billion-year history of the universe?" has been one top issue in modern astronomy. [20] If someone were to venture into one of these relatively benign black holes, they could survive, but their past would be obliterated and they could have an infinite number of possible futures. [19] The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters—it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there's a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17] Astronomers have constructed the first map of the universe based on the positions of supermassive black holes, which reveals the large-scale structure of the universe. [16] Astronomers want to record an image of the heart of our galaxy for the first time: a global collaboration of radio dishes is to take a detailed look at the black hole which is assumed to be located there. [15] A team of researchers from around the world is getting ready to create what might be the first image of a black hole. [14] "There seems to be a mysterious link between the amount of dark matter a galaxy holds and the size of its central black hole, even though the two operate on vastly different scales," said Akos Bogdan of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA). [13] If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12] For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think " the Big Bang " , except just the opposite. That's essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1503] viXra:1802.0284 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-21 01:37:23

To See Through Dust! Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.v. at Change of a Condition of Power Space of Mars Gas and Power Streams Escape on His Surface And, Thereby, Cause Dust Storms.

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

At change of a condition of power space of Mars gas and power streams escape on his surface and, thereby, cause dust storms.
Category: Astrophysics

[1502] viXra:1802.0283 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-21 01:54:24

And Them Has to be Seven! Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.v. in Solar System there Have to be Seven Planets Because it Has Been so Conceived and Created by God.

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

In Solar system there have to be seven planets because it has been so conceived and created by God.
Category: Astrophysics

[1501] viXra:1802.0282 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-21 02:03:03

They Muddle Something Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.v. the Border of the Universe Has the Maximum Density of Dark Matter.

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

The border of the Universe has the maximum density of dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1500] viXra:1802.0281 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-21 02:19:27

Hypothesis of Relationship of Souls Nikitin V.N., Nikitina M.i. the Structure and the Nature of Emergence and Evolution of Jupiter and Live Stones Are Similar.

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitina M.I.
Comments: 1 Page.

The structure and the nature of emergence and evolution of Jupiter and live stones are similar.
Category: Astrophysics

[1499] viXra:1802.0279 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-21 04:09:12

Black Holes do not Exist

Authors: Ranganath G. Kulkarni
Comments: 2 Pages.

The body can not contract to infinite density due to the existence of repulsive force. It is proved that the escape velocity of the maximum contracted body is equal to the free space velocity of light. Therefore the black holes do not exist.
Category: Astrophysics

[1498] viXra:1802.0255 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-20 01:11:09

Gravitational Field Equation

Authors: Patel Arvind Rajkumar
Comments: 4 Pages. Sir I have made a formula on inertia. I have proven it both practically and mathematically. I want to see it. Help me make it public.I have also worked on some other topics that are available on my blog. This is my blog address - arvinrajsun1999.blogspot.

In this research I have given formula of gravitational field and hypothesis of gravitational volume. I have not given hypothesis of field of gravitational. I have given new hypothesis of gravitational boundary.
Category: Astrophysics

[1497] viXra:1802.0233 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-18 18:53:04

The Theory of the Chain Reaction

Authors: Vaggelis Talios
Comments: 6 Pages.

The “theory of the chain reaction” is a new theory, for the creation of the Universe, the Universes, the Antiuniverses and the whole Cosmos, from the elementary particles to infinity
Category: Astrophysics

[1496] viXra:1802.0194 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-16 02:05:51

Никитин В.Н., Никитин И.В. Отчего покраснели планеты Красная почва внутренних планет Солнечной системы является кометной пылью. Спутник Юпитера Европа является остатком кометы.

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

Красная почва внутренних планет Солнечной системы является кометной пылью. Спутник Юпитера Европа является остатком кометы.
Category: Astrophysics

[1495] viXra:1802.0193 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-16 02:16:09

Nikitin I.v., Nikitin V.N. and Then Already Egg! at the Beginning there Was Information, and Then Already Her Materialization!

Authors: Nikitin I.V., Nikitin V.N.
Comments: 1 Page.

At the beginning there was information, and then already her materialization!
Category: Astrophysics

[1494] viXra:1802.0184 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-15 07:36:33

Axions have Fewer Places to Hide

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] “We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit.” [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter—the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20] Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in Germany have now come up with a new theory on how dark matter may have been formed shortly after the origin of the universe. [19] Map of dark matter made from gravitational lensing measurements of 26 million galaxies in the Dark Energy Survey. [18] CfA astronomers Annalisa Pillepich and Lars Hernquist and their colleagues compared gravitationally distorted Hubble images of the galaxy cluster Abell 2744 and two other clusters with the results of computer simulations of dark matter haloes. [17] In a paper published July 20 in the journal Physical Review Letters, an international team of cosmologists uses data from the intergalactic medium— the vast, largely empty space between galaxies—to narrow down what dark matter could be. [16] But a new hypothesis might have gotten us closer to figuring out its identity, because physicists now suspect that dark matter has been changing forms this whole time - from ghostly particles in the Universe's biggest structures, to a strange, superfluid state at smaller scales. And we might soon have the tools to confirm it. [15] Superfluids may exist inside neutron stars, and some researchers have speculated that space-time itself may be a superfluid. So why shouldn’t dark matter have a superfluid phase, too? [14] "The best result on dark matter so far—and we just got started." This is how scientists behind XENON1T, now the most sensitive dark matter experiment world-wide, commented on their first result from a short 30-day run presented today to the scientific community. [13] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter. SIMPs would resolve certain discrepancies between simulations of the distribution of dark matter, like this one, and the observed properties of the galaxies. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1493] viXra:1802.0164 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-13 05:27:36

An Amplified Standard Model

Authors: Antonio A. Colella
Comments: 13 Pages.

The Standard Model (SM) consists of 16 matter and force particles: six quark matter particles (up, down, strange, charm, bottom, and top); six lepton matter particles (electron, muon, tau, electron-neutrino, muon-neutrino, and tau-neutrino); and four force particles (photon, W/Z’s, gluon, and Higgs). Although the SM is the gold standard of particle physics, it is inadequate because it: does not emphasize Higgs particles’ supremacy; does not differentiate between more important permanent and less important transient particles; defines only a single Higgs force; does not include the graviton; and does not include dark matter, dark energy, supersymmetry, and super supersymmetry of Higgs particles. Via amplification of four independent theories (superstring, particle creation, Higgs forces or bosons, and spontaneous symmetry breaking), the SM was amplified to Fig. 6 Fundamental SM/supersymmetric/super supersymmetric matter and force particles containing 64 matter and force particles.
Category: Astrophysics

[1492] viXra:1802.0163 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-13 05:17:20

Solving the Dark Energy Mystery

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

Forty-five years ago this month, a telescope tucked inside a 14-story, 500-ton dome atop a mile-high peak in Arizona took in the night sky for the first time and recorded its observations in glass photographic plates. [23] The PRISMA researchers propose a scenario in which two dark matter particles collide, resulting in their mutual annihilation. [21] A new model introduces a charge for dark matter, which would allow it to radiate energy and form compact objects such as dark stars or dark galaxies. [20] Just how quickly is the dark matter near Earth zipping around? The speed of dark matter has far-reaching consequences for modern astrophysical research, but this fundamental property has eluded researchers for years. [19] A NASA rocket experiment could use the Doppler effect to look for signs of dark matter in mysterious X-ray emissions from space. [18] CfA astronomers Annalisa Pillepich and Lars Hernquist and their colleagues compared gravitationally distorted Hubble images of the galaxy cluster Abell 2744 and two other clusters with the results of computer simulations of dark matter haloes. [17] In a paper published July 20 in the journal Physical Review Letters, an international team of cosmologists uses data from the intergalactic medium— the vast, largely empty space between galaxies—to narrow down what dark matter could be. [16] But a new hypothesis might have gotten us closer to figuring out its identity, because physicists now suspect that dark matter has been changing forms this whole time - from ghostly particles in the Universe's biggest structures, to a strange, superfluid state at smaller scales. And we might soon have the tools to confirm it. [15] Superfluids may exist inside neutron stars, and some researchers have speculated that space-time itself may be a superfluid. So why shouldn’t dark matter have a superfluid phase, too? [14] "The best result on dark matter so far—and we just got started." This is how scientists behind XENON1T, now the most sensitive dark matter experiment world-wide, commented on their first result from a short 30-day run presented today to the scientific community. [13]
Category: Astrophysics

[1491] viXra:1802.0152 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-14 02:52:00

Back to the Moon and on to the Stars

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 6 Pages.

This is a copy of a comment I sent to ABC TV about their "Catalyst" program on 13/02/2018. That comment was limited to 1,500 words but readers get a bonus here: the comment's been expanded to 1,900 words. Professor Duffy's comment in "Catalyst" about using the Moon as a launching pad to Mars, then the stars, is a great dream for our future. But our present slow rockets aren't very convenient for travel to the stars. I can see 3 better ways - each is faster than the previous one. (1) is the controversial EmDrive which, through future application of Maxwell's and Einstein's theories as well as the Transactional Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics, may not only see huge benefits for spaceflight but also huge benefits to many areas of life for the average person who never journeys to space. (2) is the combining of a 2009 electrical-engineering experiment at America's Yale University with the ideas of Albert Einstein to produce a type of wormhole, or shortcut through space-time. (3) is mathematical – the use of the Brouwer Fixed Point Theorem in future space-time travel (there's no cause for concern if you're not trained in maths – it's explained in English).
Category: Astrophysics

[1490] viXra:1802.0151 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-12 06:33:34

Technische Anwendungen Zur Umwandlung Der Rotationsenergie Der Erde in Elektrische Energie

Authors: Robert Stach
Comments: 9 Pages.

Aufgezeigt werden technische Anwendungen zur Umwandlung der Rotationsenergie der Erde in elektrische Energie.
Category: Astrophysics

[1489] viXra:1802.0138 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-12 19:15:12

Notes & Considerations on Proposal for Astrosphere Catalog and Baseline Model for Comparison and Reference over Time

Authors: Jayson R. Abalos
Comments: 20 Pages.

The proposition of a catalog for comparing diverse astropause and astrosphere modeling equations and methods is outlined and examined.
Category: Astrophysics

[1488] viXra:1802.0137 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-13 01:15:44

Vselenochka of the Abnormal Help Nikitin V.N., Nikitina M.i. Everything is Simple, How in the Fairy Tale About Doctor Aybolit! Vselenochka of the Abnormal Help of Annunak – a Prototype of the First-Aid Kit of Doctor Aybolit of People of Earth!

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitina M.I.
Comments: 2 Pages.

Everything is simple, how in the fairy tale about doctor Aybolit! Vselenochka of the abnormal help of annunak – a prototype of the first-aid kit of doctor Aybolit of people of Earth!
Category: Astrophysics

[1487] viXra:1802.0098 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-09 04:14:25

Dark Matter Nuggets

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 29 Pages.

The PRISMA researchers propose a scenario in which two dark matter particles collide, resulting in their mutual annihilation. [21] A new model introduces a charge for dark matter, which would allow it to radiate energy and form compact objects such as dark stars or dark galaxies. [20] Just how quickly is the dark matter near Earth zipping around? The speed of dark matter has far-reaching consequences for modern astrophysical research, but this fundamental property has eluded researchers for years. [19] A NASA rocket experiment could use the Doppler effect to look for signs of dark matter in mysterious X-ray emissions from space. [18] CfA astronomers Annalisa Pillepich and Lars Hernquist and their colleagues compared gravitationally distorted Hubble images of the galaxy cluster Abell 2744 and two other clusters with the results of computer simulations of dark matter haloes. [17] In a paper published July 20 in the journal Physical Review Letters, an international team of cosmologists uses data from the intergalactic medium— the vast, largely empty space between galaxies—to narrow down what dark matter could be. [16] But a new hypothesis might have gotten us closer to figuring out its identity, because physicists now suspect that dark matter has been changing forms this whole time-from ghostly particles in the Universe's biggest structures, to a strange, superfluid state at smaller scales. And we might soon have the tools to confirm it. [15] Superfluids may exist inside neutron stars, and some researchers have speculated that space-time itself may be a superfluid. So why shouldn't dark matter have a superfluid phase, too? [14] "The best result on dark matter so far—and we just got started." This is how scientists behind XENON1T, now the most sensitive dark matter experiment worldwide , commented on their first result from a short 30-day run presented today to the scientific community. [13] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter. SIMPs would resolve certain discrepancies between simulations of the distribution of dark matter, like this one, and the observed properties of the galaxies. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1486] viXra:1802.0088 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-08 09:31:54

Annihilation of Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 26 Pages.

The PRISMA researchers propose a scenario in which two dark matter particles collide, resulting in their mutual annihilation. [21] A new model introduces a charge for dark matter, which would allow it to radiate energy and form compact objects such as dark stars or dark galaxies. [20] Just how quickly is the dark matter near Earth zipping around? The speed of dark matter has far-reaching consequences for modern astrophysical research, but this fundamental property has eluded researchers for years. [19] A NASA rocket experiment could use the Doppler effect to look for signs of dark matter in mysterious X-ray emissions from space. [18] CfA astronomers Annalisa Pillepich and Lars Hernquist and their colleagues compared gravitationally distorted Hubble images of the galaxy cluster Abell 2744 and two other clusters with the results of computer simulations of dark matter haloes. [17] In a paper published July 20 in the journal Physical Review Letters, an international team of cosmologists uses data from the intergalactic medium— the vast, largely empty space between galaxies—to narrow down what dark matter could be. [16] But a new hypothesis might have gotten us closer to figuring out its identity, because physicists now suspect that dark matter has been changing forms this whole time-from ghostly particles in the Universe's biggest structures, to a strange, superfluid state at smaller scales. And we might soon have the tools to confirm it. [15] Superfluids may exist inside neutron stars, and some researchers have speculated that space-time itself may be a superfluid. So why shouldn't dark matter have a superfluid phase, too? [14] "The best result on dark matter so far—and we just got started." This is how scientists behind XENON1T, now the most sensitive dark matter experiment worldwide , commented on their first result from a short 30-day run presented today to the scientific community. [13] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter. SIMPs would resolve certain discrepancies between simulations of the distribution of dark matter, like this one, and the observed properties of the galaxies. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1485] viXra:1802.0075 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-06 21:31:50

Solar Group General Description

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 62 Pages.

1.The Main Hypothesis: The Matter Is Created From The Light 2.The produced matter is created in motion, that means the solar planets are created in motions (regardless the motion reason) 3.The solar group are a group of motions conveyors, So the motions of all solar planets are depended on each other 4.The solar group motions aim to create a difference in motion velocity = C between 2 points in the group. 5.i.e. The Solar Planets work as gears or conveyors group, transfer the motion from point to another point, aiming to create a difference in motion velocity = C velocity. And that's happening where the solar group motions create a difference in velocities between the Earth and Sun motions = C velocity (for that reason the sun is our source of light) 6.The solar group is A Dipole System has 2 heads (the sun and the Earth) 7.The light Production by the planets motions (i.e. by transferring of the mechanical waves into light waves), the original source of light beams energy, from which the solar planets were created, will be conserved. 8.Because there's a difference in velocity = C between 2 points in the solar group (the sun and the Earth), we may conclude easily that, there's more than one frame in the solar group. 9.To create a difference of velocity = C, all solar planets should revolve around the dipole line (The Sun-Earth Line) in the same direction, enabling the velocities addition process to gather all motions in the same point… 10.The Produced Solar Planets should have relationships between their Geometrical structures (if they were created from the light), so the planets are not created independent but related to each other geometrically.
Category: Astrophysics

[1484] viXra:1802.0065 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-06 06:31:00

Gravitons kill Aliens

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 117 Pages. © 2015 Adrian Ferent

“Gravitons kill Aliens” Adrian Ferent “I am the first who explained the lack of extraterrestrial civilizations” Adrian Ferent “Gravitons emitted by Black Holes kill Aliens” Adrian Ferent I calculated: the graviton’s energy emitted by black holes is higher than: E = 4.14559 × 10^5 GeV “Gravitational radiation is gravitons” Adrian Ferent “I am the first who explained Gravitational Radiation” Adrian Ferent “Gravitational Radiation is the most dangerous because it travels the farthest and is the most penetrating” Adrian Ferent The number of civilizations in our galaxy, Drake equation. Drake equation is wrong because Drake concluded that N ≈ L, this means N is between 1000 and 100,000,000 civilizations in the Milky Way galaxy. The Milky Way is estimated to contain 100–400 billion stars. This means the majority of stars do not have at least a planet with intelligent life. The Milky Way is home to more than 100 million black holes. “Black holes are Ferent matter” Adrian Ferent “There are not extraterrestrial civilizations in the center of our galaxy” Adrian Ferent “Around each Black hole there is a volume where can not exist civilizations, because of deadly gravitons emitted by Black hole” Adrian Ferent We have to look for extraterrestrial civilizations, only in the volume Vl, not in the entire Milky Way galaxy, like Drake equation and other equations do or how Asimov calculated. The Fermi paradox is the apparent contradiction between the lack of evidence and high probability estimates for the existence of extraterrestrial civilizations. There are billions of stars in the Milky Way galaxy that are similar to the Sun and no evidence of extraterrestrial civilizations. “Why there is no evidence of extraterrestrial civilizations? Because gravitons emitted by black holes kill Aliens” Adrian Ferent “I found the answer to this question: why the Universe is so quiet and why we do not see UFOs? There are only a small number of extraterrestrial civilizations in a galaxy; there are not extraterrestrial civilizations in the center of the galaxy where is the highest density of stars, there are not extraterrestrial civilizations around Black Holes” Adrian Ferent
Category: Astrophysics

[1483] viXra:1802.0053 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-05 22:52:46

Proof of Existence of the Horizontal Component of Gravitation Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.v.the Horizontal Component of Gravitation Exerts Impact on Change of the Direction of Atmospheric Streams on Objects of Solar System.

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

The horizontal component of gravitation exerts impact on change of the direction of atmospheric streams on objects of Solar system.
Category: Astrophysics

[1482] viXra:1802.0052 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-05 23:22:27

Yes so that Even the Comet Has no Place to Fall! Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.v. When Falling to Earth of a Comet Seek to Move Along a Surface and Blow Up, and Asteroids Burn and Fall.

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

When falling to Earth of a comet seek to move along a surface and blow up, and asteroids burn and fall.
Category: Astrophysics

[1481] viXra:1802.0051 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-06 01:52:44

Deviates Somehow Strange Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.v. the Ray of Light Deviates in Different Directions Under the Influence of Gravitational Field of a Body.

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 2 Pages.

The ray of light deviates in different directions under the influence of gravitational field of a body.
Category: Astrophysics

[1480] viXra:1802.0044 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-05 01:31:47

Not to Rush on Space in Vain Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.v. the Universe is Ordered and Limited. Everything is Simple, How in the Textbook by Physics: Solar Wind Moves with Acceleration from the Center to Borders of Solar System.

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

The Universe is ordered and limited. Everything is simple, how in the textbook by physics: solar wind moves with acceleration from the center to borders of Solar system.
Category: Astrophysics

[1479] viXra:1802.0043 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-05 01:40:24

Materialization of God's Love Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.v. the Convergence of Fertile Fire is a Process of a Materialization of the Universal Phantom of Boundless God's Love to Us.

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

The convergence of Fertile fire is a process of a materialization of the Universal phantom of boundless God's love to us.
Category: Astrophysics

[1478] viXra:1802.0042 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-05 01:49:04

Our Fire in Fog Shines Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.v. People Can Infinitely Look at a Fire. Because See in Him the Life and All in the Universe!

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

People can infinitely look at a fire. because see in him the life and all in the Universe!
Category: Astrophysics

[1477] viXra:1802.0041 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-05 01:57:50

To Slightly Open the Blanket of Mars Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.v. the Catastrophic Condition of Mars is Caused by Influence of Comets.

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

The catastrophic condition of Mars is caused by influence of comets.
Category: Astrophysics

[1476] viXra:1802.0040 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-05 02:02:59

Principle of Relativity of All Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.v. Any Limited and Closed System Has Own Energy Which Depends on the Speed of Her Movement and Situation Concerning Space of Nothing.

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

Any limited and closed system has own energy which depends on the speed of her movement and situation concerning Space of Nothing.
Category: Astrophysics

[1475] viXra:1802.0035 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-03 15:02:16

Translation of Some Star Catalogs to the XEphem Format

Authors: Richard J. Mathar
Comments: 22 Pages. Contains mostly the Java source code, licensed under the LGPL-v3.

The text lists Java programs which convert star catalogs to the format of the XEphem visualiser. The currently supported input catalog formats are (i) the data base of the orbital elements of the Minor Planet Center (MPC) of the International Astronomical Union (IAU), (ii) the data base of the Hipparcos main catalog or the variants of the Tycho-1 or Tycho-2 catalogs, (iii) the systems in the Washington Double Star catalog, (iv) the Proper Motions North and South catalogs.
Category: Astrophysics

[1474] viXra:1802.0019 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-02 19:10:58

The Conservation of Mass and Stars in the General Theory

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages.

The meaning of conservation of mass is given and applied to stars. This paper completely destroys all past theories of stellar evolution except for the general theory.
Category: Astrophysics

[1473] viXra:1802.0013 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-01 14:14:36

Cool Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 25 Pages.

A new model introduces a charge for dark matter, which would allow it to radiate energy and form compact objects such as dark stars or dark galaxies. [20] Just how quickly is the dark matter near Earth zipping around? The speed of dark matter has far-reaching consequences for modern astrophysical research, but this fundamental property has eluded researchers for years. [19] A NASA rocket experiment could use the Doppler effect to look for signs of dark matter in mysterious X-ray emissions from space. [18] CfA astronomers Annalisa Pillepich and Lars Hernquist and their colleagues compared gravitationally distorted Hubble images of the galaxy cluster Abell 2744 and two other clusters with the results of computer simulations of dark matter haloes. [17] In a paper published July 20 in the journal Physical Review Letters, an international team of cosmologists uses data from the intergalactic medium— the vast, largely empty space between galaxies—to narrow down what dark matter could be. [16] But a new hypothesis might have gotten us closer to figuring out its identity, because physicists now suspect that dark matter has been changing forms this whole time-from ghostly particles in the Universe's biggest structures, to a strange, superfluid state at smaller scales. And we might soon have the tools to confirm it. [15] Superfluids may exist inside neutron stars, and some researchers have speculated that space-time itself may be a superfluid. So why shouldn't dark matter have a superfluid phase, too? [14] "The best result on dark matter so far—and we just got started." This is how scientists behind XENON1T, now the most sensitive dark matter experiment worldwide , commented on their first result from a short 30-day run presented today to the scientific community. [13] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter. SIMPs would resolve certain discrepancies between simulations of the distribution of dark matter, like this one, and the observed properties of the galaxies. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1472] viXra:1801.0404 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-29 22:53:58

Look for at the Bottom … Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.v. Blue Educations on Mercury Are Similar to "Blueberry" on Mars and Are Confirmation of Exclusive Hypotheses of a Structure and Origin of Satellites and Planets of Solar System.

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

Blue educations on Mercury are similar to "blueberry" on Mars and are confirmation of exclusive hypotheses of a structure and origin of satellites and planets of Solar system.
Category: Astrophysics

[1471] viXra:1801.0403 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-29 23:02:03

Also, as All Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.v. Mercury in the Future Will Turn Into the Satellite of Venus

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

Mercury in the future will turn into the satellite of Venus
Category: Astrophysics

[1470] viXra:1801.0402 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-29 23:10:09

Have Pleased Under the Gravitational Guillotine Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.v. Interaction of Material Objects Needs to be Considered Taking Into Account a Possibility of Existence of a Horizontal Component of Gravitation.

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

Interaction of material objects needs to be considered taking into account a possibility of existence of a horizontal component of gravitation.
Category: Astrophysics

[1469] viXra:1801.0401 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-29 23:18:41

Now it is Clear Where to Look for Magnetic Field Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.v.magnetic Field of Objects of the Universe Can be Internal.

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

Magnetic field of objects of the Universe can be internal.
Category: Astrophysics

[1468] viXra:1801.0400 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-29 23:36:24

Space Tsunami Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.v. Exclusive Hypothesis of the Cause of a Tsunami as Result of Emergence and Movement of Gravitational Educations in the Top Layers of a Cloak Concerning the Earth's Surface, Solves Also the Mystery of Existence of W

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 2 Pages.

Exclusive hypothesis of the cause of a tsunami as result of emergence and movement of gravitational educations in the top layers of a cloak concerning the Earth's surface, solves also the mystery of existence of waves of the satellite of Saturn of Prometheus.
Category: Astrophysics

[1467] viXra:1801.0399 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-29 23:59:20

Gegenüberstellung Zweier Technischer Anwendungen Zur Umwandlung Der Rotationsenergie Der Erde in Elektrische Energie

Authors: Robert Stach
Comments: 2 Pages.

Gegenüberstellung zweier technischer Anwendungen zur Umwandlung der Rotationsenergie der Erde in elektrische Energie
Category: Astrophysics

[1466] viXra:1801.0398 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-30 01:54:47

The Super-SUPER… V.n.nikitin, I.v.nikitin the Steady Growth of the Number of Arcanas of the Mysterious Universe is a Sign of Imperfection of Existing Theories and Ideas About the Surrounding World, Which Contributes to the Creation of Radically New Altern

Authors: V.N.Nikitin, I.V.Nikitin
Comments: 4 Pages.

The steady growth of the number of arcanas of the mysterious universe is a sign of imperfection of existing theories and ideas about the surrounding world, which contributes to the creation of radically new alternative ideas and theories. New ideas should be piercing and understandable to everyone, to promote an adequate perception of reality and to be as much as possible interconnected with each other and with existing scientific knowledge. In this case, alternative ideas will inevitably become punchy! The results of long-term theoretical studies of abnormal physical phenomena of the processes of the origin and evolution of the universe are embodied in the exclusive hypotheses of the creative collective "NIKI" and are set forth here in a logical sequence, from the moment the Universe emerged to its transformation into "nothing."
Category: Astrophysics

[1465] viXra:1801.0393 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-29 07:50:55

Reminder on the Exclusive Hypothesis Nikitina N.N., Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.v. God Has Lodged Disobedient вселенян on the Earth's Surface Where Various Cataclysms and Space Threats Rage

Authors: Nikitina N.N., Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

God has lodged disobedient вселенян on the Earth's surface where various cataclysms and space threats rage.
Category: Astrophysics

[1464] viXra:1801.0386 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-29 02:05:06

Heretical Physics the Antikythera Mechanics of Mercury

Authors: John E. Miller
Comments: 5 Pages.

Astro-Physics from Tycho Braha ; Kepler (1571-1630); Newton (1643-1727) are not in agreement. Further the Antikythera MOON Mechanism, a two thousand year old Greek mechanism, required thirty seven (37) gears to reproduce Sun-Moon ellipse cycles, but ignored by the ‘Standard Model’ for a few lines of corrupt mathematics, (approximations in lieu of correctness). Newton’s gravitational hypothesis fails everywhere as it relies on a two dimensional theory to describe a three dimensional System. In this paper spherical “Models” will be constructed from cross sections of orbiting ‘charge’ spheres, becoming the mechanics to match existing data. i.e. constructing an elliptical orbit from circling spheres. A function in opposition to both Newton and Kepler’s theories. Gears are cross sections of circling spheres.
Category: Astrophysics

[1463] viXra:1801.0369 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-26 18:51:30

Why The Light Is The Universe Highest Velocity?

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 3 Pages.

Why The Light Velocity Is The Highest In The Universe? Because our bodies (Matters = Bright Fringes) are created from the Light beams coherence, So our bodies are connected with this specific light beams from which were created, so any other light beams (for example the original light beam) we can't discover it by our 5 senses because we connected to the bright fringes only So, Even if there's light higher velocity, we can't discover it
Category: Astrophysics

[1462] viXra:1801.0343 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-25 19:30:34

Special Relativity Hypothesis Reason (Matter Creation Theory)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 47 Pages.

Why there's No velocity higher than Light Velocity C =300000km/sec? Because -The Matter is created from light beams coherence (according to Young Experiment- The Main Hypothesis) -The Time is created as the Matter Changing measurement -Our body (matter) is produced by the same method, from this light beams coherence -Our bodies are connected with specific Light velocity and specific time rate because our bodies are produced by specific Light Beams coherence What does that mean? ..i.e. -If there's a light velocity higher than C we can't realize it, why? Because Our Body defines only this specific time which is produced from this specific light Now we can see much better -Why we can't understand easily the solar System geometry? Because NOT all data is available for us! And why NOT? Because Our Body Connected Us To Specific Category Of Data… oSo we connected to specific light beam (standard velocity C) And oWe connected to specific time defined by our body changes So the Special Theory of Relativity is Correct No Velocity higher than C is available in our Universe
Category: Astrophysics

[1461] viXra:1801.0329 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-24 13:42:44

Active Galactic Nuclei Structure

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 26 Pages.

The nuclei of most galaxies host supermassive black holes containing millions to billions of solar-masses of material. [22] New research shows the first evidence of strong winds around black holes throughout bright outburst events when a black hole rapidly consumes mass. [21] Chris Packham, associate professor of physics and astronomy at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), has collaborated on a new study that expands the scientific community's understanding of black holes in our galaxy and the magnetic fields that surround them. [20] In a paper published today in the journal Science, University of Florida scientists have discovered these tears in the fabric of the universe have significantly weaker magnetic fields than previously thought. [19] The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters—it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there’s a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17] Astronomers have constructed the first map of the universe based on the positions of supermassive black holes, which reveals the large-scale structure of the universe. [16] Astronomers want to record an image of the heart of our galaxy for the first time: a global collaboration of radio dishes is to take a detailed look at the black hole which is assumed to be located there. [15] A team of researchers from around the world is getting ready to create what might be the first image of a black hole. [14] "There seems to be a mysterious link between the amount of dark matter a galaxy holds and the size of its central black hole, even though the two operate on vastly different scales," said Akos Bogdan of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA). [13] If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12]
Category: Astrophysics

[1460] viXra:1801.0325 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-24 04:55:18

Speed of Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

Just how quickly is the dark matter near Earth zipping around? The speed of dark matter has far-reaching consequences for modern astrophysical research, but this fundamental property has eluded researchers for years. [19] A NASA rocket experiment could use the Doppler effect to look for signs of dark matter in mysterious X-ray emissions from space. [18] CfA astronomers Annalisa Pillepich and Lars Hernquist and their colleagues compared gravitationally distorted Hubble images of the galaxy cluster Abell 2744 and two other clusters with the results of computer simulations of dark matter haloes. [17] In a paper published July 20 in the journal Physical Review Letters, an international team of cosmologists uses data from the intergalactic medium— the vast, largely empty space between galaxies—to narrow down what dark matter could be. [16] But a new hypothesis might have gotten us closer to figuring out its identity, because physicists now suspect that dark matter has been changing forms this whole time-from ghostly particles in the Universe's biggest structures, to a strange, superfluid state at smaller scales. And we might soon have the tools to confirm it. [15] Superfluids may exist inside neutron stars, and some researchers have speculated that space-time itself may be a superfluid. So why shouldn't dark matter have a superfluid phase, too? [14] "The best result on dark matter so far—and we just got started." This is how scientists behind XENON1T, now the most sensitive dark matter experiment worldwide , commented on their first result from a short 30-day run presented today to the scientific community. [13] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter. SIMPs would resolve certain discrepancies between simulations of the distribution of dark matter, like this one, and the observed properties of the galaxies. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1459] viXra:1801.0306 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-23 05:19:04

Winds Outside Black Holes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 25 Pages.

New research shows the first evidence of strong winds around black holes throughout bright outburst events when a black hole rapidly consumes mass. [21] Chris Packham, associate professor of physics and astronomy at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), has collaborated on a new study that expands the scientific community's understanding of black holes in our galaxy and the magnetic fields that surround them. [20] In a paper published today in the journal Science, University of Florida scientists have discovered these tears in the fabric of the universe have significantly weaker magnetic fields than previously thought. [19] The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters—it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there's a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17] Astronomers have constructed the first map of the universe based on the positions of supermassive black holes, which reveals the large-scale structure of the universe. [16] Astronomers want to record an image of the heart of our galaxy for the first time: a global collaboration of radio dishes is to take a detailed look at the black hole which is assumed to be located there. [15] A team of researchers from around the world is getting ready to create what might be the first image of a black hole. [14] "There seems to be a mysterious link between the amount of dark matter a galaxy holds and the size of its central black hole, even though the two operate on vastly different scales," said Akos Bogdan of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA). [13] If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12] For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think " the Big Bang " , except just the opposite. That's essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1458] viXra:1801.0288 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-23 03:26:40

New Bound on Axions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

An axion is a hypothetical elementary particle whose existence was postulated in order to explain why certain subatomic reactions appear to violate basic symmetry constraints, in particular symmetry in time. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] " We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit. " [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter—the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20] Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in Germany have now come up with a new theory on how dark matter may have been formed shortly after the origin of the universe. [19] Map of dark matter made from gravitational lensing measurements of 26 million galaxies in the Dark Energy Survey. [18] CfA astronomers Annalisa Pillepich and Lars Hernquist and their colleagues compared gravitationally distorted Hubble images of the galaxy cluster Abell 2744 and two other clusters with the results of computer simulations of dark matter haloes. [17]
Category: Astrophysics

[1457] viXra:1801.0282 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-22 06:53:48

Basics of Astrophysics Revisited. IV Gravitation Redshift, Gravitation Lensing, Superhot Solar Corona Hoaxes

Authors: Edgars Alksnis
Comments: 3 Pages.

Stellar rotation and factors from palette of Tesla/Alfven have obviously caused mentioned errors. Shortcomings of astrospectroscopy are highlighted.
Category: Astrophysics

[1456] viXra:1801.0275 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-22 11:07:42

Extreme-Energy Space Particles

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 25 Pages.

New model connects the origins of very high-energy neutrinos, ultrahigh-energy cosmic rays, and high-energy gamma rays with black-hole jets embedded in their environments. [15] Gamma ray bursts, intense explosions of light, are the brightest events ever observed in the universe – lasting no longer than seconds or minutes. [14] X-ray-optics technology has progressed such that future astrophysics X-ray observatories will have orders-of magnitude better performance than existing observatories such as NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory. [13] Exploding stars lit the way for our understanding of the universe, but researchers are still in the dark about many of their features. [12] A team of scientists from Russia and China has developed a model explaining the nature of high-energy cosmic rays (CRs) in our galaxy. These CRs have energies exceeding those produced by supernova explosions by one or two orders of magnitude. [11] On August 14, 2017, a groundbreaking University of Maryland-designed cosmic ray detector will travel to the International Space Station (ISS) aboard the SpaceX-12 Commercial Resupply Service mission. [10] It was because of these characteristics that it was proposed to give this new class of variable stars the acronym BLAPS, i.e. Blue Large-Amplitude Pulsators. [9] Researchers at the University of Southampton have cast doubt over established explanations for certain behaviours in pulsars-highly magnetised rotating neutron stars, formed from the remains of supernovae. [8] Installed on the International Space Station, by mid-July it will commence its scientific work – to study the exotic astrophysical objects known as neutron stars and examine whether they could be used as deep-space navigation beacons for future generations of spacecraft. [7] NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory has discovered the first direct evidence for a superfluid, a bizarre, friction-free state of matter, at the core of a neutron star. Superfluids created in laboratories on Earth exhibit remarkable properties, such as the ability to climb upward and escape airtight containers. The finding has important implications for understanding nuclear interactions in matter at the highest known densities. [6] This paper explains the Accelerating Universe, the Special and General Relativity from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the moving electric charges. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The Big Bang caused acceleration created the radial currents of the matter and since the matter composed of negative and positive charges, these currents are creating magnetic field and attracting forces between the parallel moving electric currents. This is the gravitational force experienced by the matter, and also the mass is result of the electromagnetic forces between the charged particles. The positive and negative charged currents attracts each other or by the magnetic forces or by the much stronger electrostatic forces. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy.
Category: Astrophysics

[1455] viXra:1801.0273 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-21 14:48:51

The Locations of the Stars in the K2-138 System and Io on the Wolynski-Taylor Diagram

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages.

I can place the older stars of K2-138 and Io on the Wolynski-Taylor Diagram.
Category: Astrophysics

[1454] viXra:1801.0269 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-22 00:16:21

An Alternative Explanation of Non-Newtonian Galactic Rotation Curves

Authors: Morgan Weinberg
Comments: 11 Pages.

Inspired by the continued success of MOND (Modified Newtonian Dynamics) in the prediction of galactic rotation curves, an attempt to derive the deep-MOND equation from known mechanics has resulted in a third explanation apart from MOND and dark matter. It is proposed that particle velocities follow the relation v = √(GM)r -1/2 + √(ax)r1/2, where ax is a scalar accelerating field that is independent of mass. This yields the following relation for centripetal acceleration: a = (GM)r-2 + 2√(axGM)r-1 + ax, which, at large radii, is nearly identical to the deep-MOND equation a = √(a0GM)r-1. When applied to a handful of galaxies, the velocity equation prefers an ax on the order of 10-14 (km s-2), which gives a good fit of velocity curves to observed values. It is posited that scalar field ax is a result of local galactic expansion, such that ax = cHg, where Hg is the rate of expansion. For the Milky Way, it is estimated that Hg ≈ 9.3 E-4 (km s-1 kpc-1). This rate would predict an increase of the astronomical unit of 14 (cm yr-1), which compares well with the recently reported measurement of 15 ±4 (cm yr-1).
Category: Astrophysics

[1453] viXra:1801.0246 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-19 06:04:47

Existing Models of Black Holes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

Chris Packham, associate professor of physics and astronomy at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), has collaborated on a new study that expands the scientific community's understanding of black holes in our galaxy and the magnetic fields that surround them. [20] In a paper published today in the journal Science, University of Florida scientists have discovered these tears in the fabric of the universe have significantly weaker magnetic fields than previously thought. [19] The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters—it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there’s a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17] Astronomers have constructed the first map of the universe based on the positions of supermassive black holes, which reveals the large-scale structure of the universe. [16] Astronomers want to record an image of the heart of our galaxy for the first time: a global collaboration of radio dishes is to take a detailed look at the black hole which is assumed to be located there. [15] A team of researchers from around the world is getting ready to create what might be the first image of a black hole. [14] "There seems to be a mysterious link between the amount of dark matter a galaxy holds and the size of its central black hole, even though the two operate on vastly different scales," said Akos Bogdan of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA). [13] If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12] For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think “the Big Bang”, except just the opposite. That’s essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1452] viXra:1801.0225 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-18 10:49:50

Importance of Conic Section “size” in the Derivation of Propositions X-XVI in Newton’s Principia Book I

Authors: Gopi Krishna Vijaya
Comments: 14 Pages.

The “direct problem” of the inverse-square law is examined, by retracing the derivations of Propositions X-XVI in Newton’s Principia. It is found that transfers of constants of proportionality are inconsistent between the propositions, leading to errors in the derived relations for multiple orbits. Proposition X has to be corrected for the relations of time period to the force law by including the area constants for conic sections. Propositions XI-XIII assume the expression 2h^2/L to be constant, that in turn implicitly assume a modified version of Kepler’s third law, while Propositions XIV-XVI apply this to multiple orbits leading to further “size” inconsistencies with the original form of Kepler’s third law. It has been shown how this relevance of “size” has been missed in the Newtonian literature, leading to a necessity of revising the existence of an exact inverse-square law.
Category: Astrophysics

[1451] viXra:1801.0224 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-18 10:52:05

Original Form of Kepler’s Third Law and its Misapplication in Propositions XXXII-XXXVII in Newton’s Principia (Book I)

Authors: Gopi Krishna Vijaya
Comments: 14 Pages.

The original form of Kepler’s Third Law contains a caveat regarding the requirement of small eccentricities – a fact that has been missed by the traditional Newtonian derivations. This constraint is analyzed, and a re-clarification of the real meaning of “mean distance” in the law is provided, by following up the indications given by Kepler in the Harmonices Mundi. It is shown that the modified expression for the “mean distance” not only clears up conceptual difficulties, but also removes a discrepancy found by Kepler for Mercury. Based on this re-evaluation, the result of ignoring the small-eccentricity constraint is analyzed in the Propositions XXXII-XXXVII in the Principia. It is seen that there are several conceptual and mathematical mistakes that are inevitable with the Newtonian form of Kepler’s Third Law.
Category: Astrophysics

[1450] viXra:1801.0223 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-18 10:53:27

Celestial Dynamics and Rotational Forces In Circular and Elliptical Motions

Authors: Gopi Krishna Vijaya
Comments: 14 Pages.

The understanding of circular motion as being conditioned by a central force coupled to a tangential velocity is questioned, by analyzing the origins of its derivation, and revising it in the light of rotational kinematics. It is shown that one cannot stop the analysis at a force directed to the center, but has to continue it to include an infinite series of higher order rotational forces in four perpendicular directions. The verification of this in terrestrial dynamics, as well as the consequences of its application in celestial dynamics is presented. It is shown that Newton’s Moon Test and inverse-square law, even with the corrections of General Relativity, do not support circular and elliptical motion and lead to an erroneous expression – a problem that has been noticed and remedied by other independent researchers.
Category: Astrophysics

[1449] viXra:1801.0203 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-18 03:42:15

Residual Annual and Diurnal Periodicities of the P 10 Acceleration Term Resolved in Absolute CMB Space

Authors: R. Pabisch
Comments: 6 Pages.

Applying the general, classical Doppler formula (CMB-Doppler formula) of first order for two-way radio Doppler signals in the fundamental rest frame of the isotropic cosmic microwave background radiation (CMB) between earthbound Deep Space Network stations (DSN), and the Pioneer 10 space probe (P 10) resolves the phenomenon of the residual, so far unexplained annual and diurnal signal variations on top of the constant acceleration term Anderson & Laing & Lau & et al. (2002), Anderson & Campbell & Ekelund & et al. (2008). The anomalous annual and diurnal variations of the acceleration term vanish, if instead of the relativistic Standard-Doppler formula (SRT-Doppler formula) of first and second order the CMB-Doppler formula is used. That formula contains the absolute velocities ue of Earth, and upio of P 10, derived from the absolute velocity usun of the solar system barycenter in the CMB, with usun = 369.0 ± 0.9 km/s, and the relative revolution velocity ve of Earth, and the relative velocity vpio of P 10 in the heliocentric frame from January 1987 until December 1996. The flyby radio Doppler and ranging data anomalies can be resolved as well by using the CMB-Doppler formula with the absolute, asymptotic velocities of the inbound and outbound maneuver flights, which have usually slightly different magnitudes, inducing the so far unexplained frequency shift, and the unexplained difference in the ranging data.
Category: Astrophysics

Replacements of recent Submissions

[543] viXra:1806.0068 [pdf] replaced on 2018-06-08 03:51:48

Primordial Electric Dark Matter Black Holes Outside Galaxies Responsible for the Creation and Contraction of a Cyclic Multi-Universe.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 30 Pages.

For years, Stephen Hawking (and Hartle) has been applying the No Boundary Proposal,or the idea that the universe is “closed“and can have a beginning, and an end, however still exist forever.I will call this aclosed cyclic universe and for symmetry reasons a cyclic entangled raspberry shaped multiverse based on my proposal for the Quantum Function Follows Form (FFF)model.The Form and Microstructure of elementary particles, is supposed to be the origin of Functional differences between Higgs- Graviton- Photon- and Fermion particles. As a consequence, a newparadigm splitting, accelerating and pairing massless Dark Matter Black Hole (without Graviton production) is able to convert vacuum energy (ZPE) into real energy by entropy decrease and quark electron positron production at the black hole horizon. Secondly, a Chiral dark energy Higgs vacuum lattice, is able to explain quick Gas and Dust production without large annihilation at the black hole horizon and Galaxy- and Star formation. Even microscopic black holes like Sunspots, (Micro) Comets, Lightning bolts, Sprite Fireballs and Ball Lightning seem to produce gas.However only the largest Primordial Galaxy Anchor Black Holes (GABHs) located far outside galaxies, are supposed to stop gas and dust production and by merging with other black holes theyshould be the ultimate origin of universal contractioninto a Big Crunch and a cyclic multiverse.The Hubble redshift, in contrast with the mainstream, is supposed to originate local vacuum lattice dilution created by local dark matter black holes.All black holes eat the Higgs vacuum latticewith a local Planck length extension-as the result and the base for frequency decrease of a passing photon.As a result, GABHs are only observable by their background lensing effect and as quasi-soft x-ray sources,to be found in particulararound merger galaxies, due to swirling gas and dust expelled from the galaxies.. (1) Primordial Electric Dark Matter Black Holes outside Galaxies responsible for the creation and contraction of a Cyclic Universe.
Category: Astrophysics

[542] viXra:1806.0035 [pdf] replaced on 2018-06-09 00:00:55

Some Parameters of 4D Matter

Authors: Valery P. Skorobogatov
Comments: 8 Pages. some corrections are used

Certain corrections to the parameters of 4D matter that was given earlier are obtained by other method. Also, a procedure for calculation of a planet’s distance from the sun is proposed, and it in several cases it corresponds well with observations.
Category: Astrophysics

[541] viXra:1805.0455 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-30 10:22:44

The `constant Lagrangian' Fit of Galaxy Rotation Curves as Caused by Hubble Space Expansion Under Baryonic Energy Conservation Conditions.

Authors: E.P.J. de Haas
Comments: 8 Pages.

In my opinion, the problem of the galaxy rotation curves can be solved on the basis of the combined and competing principles of space expansion and energy conservation on the one hand and gravitational contraction and the virial theorem on the other hand. Thus far it has been assumed that the existence of galaxies is proof of the dominance of gravitational contraction in galaxies. In this paper I present arguments in favor of my conviction that this assumption is wrong and that space expansion is one of the two dominating and competing principles active in galaxies. I propose to reset, rethink and rescale the presupposed boarder between Newtonian gravitational contraction and Hubble space expansion. This effectively identifies Dark Matter attributed effects in galaxies as Dark Energy manifestations.
Category: Astrophysics

[540] viXra:1805.0455 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-27 10:59:12

The `constant Lagrangian' Fit of Galaxy Rotation Curves as Caused by Cosmic Space Expansion Under Energy Conservation Conditions.

Authors: E.P.J. de Haas
Comments: 8 Pages.

In my opinion, the problem of the galaxy rotation curves can be solved on the basis of the combined and competing principles of space expansion and energy conservation on the one hand and gravitational contraction and the virial theorem on the other hand. Thus far it has been assumed that the existence of galaxies is proof of the dominance of gravitational contraction in galaxies. In this paper I present arguments in favor of my conviction that this assumption is wrong and that space expansion is one of the two dominating and competing principles active in galaxies. Compared to the hypothesis of a revolutionary and mysterious Dark Matter particle, WIMP or otherwise, my approach is rather conservative. All I propose to reset, rethink and rescale is the presupposed boarder between Newtonian gravitational contraction and Hubble space expansion. This effectively identifies Dark Matter attributed effects in galaxies as Dark Energy manifestations. In the Standard Cosmology Pie, this might lead to a great simplification.
Category: Astrophysics

[539] viXra:1805.0455 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-26 08:49:38

The `constant Lagrangian' Fit of Galaxy Rotation Curves as Caused by Cosmic Space Expansion Under Energy Conservation Conditions.

Authors: E.P.J. de Haas
Comments: 8 Pages.

In my opinion, the problem of the galaxy rotation curves can be solved on the basis of the combined and competing principles of space expansion and energy conservation on the one hand and gravitational contraction and the virial theorem on the other hand. Thus far it has been assumed that the existence of galaxies is proof of the dominance of gravitational contraction in galaxies. In this paper I present arguments in favor of my conviction that this assumption is wrong and that space expansion is one of the two dominating and competing principles active in galaxies. Compared to the hypothesis of a revolutionary and mysterious Dark Matter particle, WIMP or otherwise, my approach is rather conservative. All I propose to reset, rethink and rescale is the presupposed boarder between Newtonian gravitational contraction and Hubble space expansion.
Category: Astrophysics

[538] viXra:1805.0402 [pdf] replaced on 2018-06-02 18:57:12

A Categorization and Analysis of the `constant Lagrangian' Fits of the Galaxy Rotation Curves of the Complete Sparc Database of 175 LTG Galaxies.

Authors: E.P.J. de Haas
Comments: 47 Pages.

In this paper I categorize and analyze the `constant Lagrangian' model fits I made of the complete SPARC database of 175 LTG galaxies. Of the 175 galaxies, 45 allowed a single fit rotation curve, so about 26 percent. Another 2 galaxies could almost be plotted on a single fit. Then 36 galaxies could be fitted really nice on crossing dual curves. The reason for the appearance of this dual curve, in its two versions, could be given and related to the galactic constitution and dynamics. Another 25 galaxies could be fitted on parallel transition dual curves. This appearance could also be related to galactic dynamics and galactic mass distribution. Then there were the 19 multiple fit, complex extended galaxies, the complexities of which could be analyzed on the basis of the 4 types of dual fits. In total 128 of the 175 galaxies could be fitted and analyzed very well to reasonably well within the error margins. That is a 73 percent positive rate. This result rules out stochastic coincidence as an explanation of those fits. In my opinion, the success of the `constant Lagrangian' approach indicates that the problem of the galaxy rotation curves, perceived as a virial theorem problem, can be solved solely on the basis of the Lagrangian formulation of the principle of conservation of energy, when applied to this domain existing in between Newton's and Einstein's theories of gravity.
Category: Astrophysics

[537] viXra:1805.0402 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-30 10:14:19

A Categorization and Analysis of the `constant Lagrangian' Fits of the Galaxy Rotation Curves of the Complete Sparc Database of 175 LTG Galaxies.

Authors: E.P.J. de Haas
Comments: 47 Pages.

In this paper I categorize and analyze the `constant Lagrangian' model fits I made of the complete SPARC database of 175 LTG galaxies. Of the 175 galaxies, 45 allowed a single fit rotation curve, so about 26 percent. Another 2 galaxies could almost be plotted on a single fit. Then 36 galaxies could be fitted really nice on crossing dual curves. The reason for the appearance of this dual curve, in its two versions, could be given and related to the galactic constitution and dynamics. Another 25 galaxies could be fitted on parallel transition dual curves. This appearance could also be related to galactic dynamics and galactic mass distribution. Then there were the 19 multiple fit, complex extended galaxies, the complexities of which could be analyzed on the basis of the 4 types of dual fits. In total 128 of the 175 galaxies could be fitted and analyzed very well to reasonably well within the error margins. That is a 73 percent positive rate. This result rules out stochastic coincidence as an explanation of those fits. In my opinion, the success of the `constant Lagrangian' approach indicates that the problem of the galaxy rotation curves, perceived as a virial theorem problem, can be solved solely on the basis of the Lagrangian formulation of the principle of conservation of energy, when applied to this domain existing in between Newton's and Einstein's theories of gravity.
Category: Astrophysics

[536] viXra:1805.0293 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-17 13:06:49

What is the Space?

Authors: Michael Tzoumpas
Comments: 5 Pages.

By the unified theory of dynamic space has been there a forecast of the follow observation that, parallel moving photons of different frequency, reduce locally the cohesive pressure of space, resulting to move with different speeds. So, the photons with higher frequency slow down against parallel moving photons with lower frequency, as on delay in gamma rays from galaxy Markarian 501 was observed. This observation proves that space contains unseen forces, which are evident as deformations of space, such as in the above theory are described. Accordingly, for the great problem of Physics and Philosophy, "What is the space?", there is the answer-solution: "The dynamic space".
Category: Astrophysics

[535] viXra:1805.0293 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-16 10:45:18

What is the Space?

Authors: Michael Tzoumpas
Comments: 5 Pages.

By the unified theory of dynamic space has been there a forecast of the follow observation that, parallel moving photons of different frequency, reduce locally the cohesive pressure of space, resulting to move with different speeds. So, the photons with higher frequency slow down against parallel moving photons with lower frequency, as on delay in gamma rays from galaxy Markarian 501 was observed. This observation proves that space contains unseen forces, which are evident as deformations of space, such as in the above theory are described. Accordingly, for the great problem of Physics and Philosophy, "What is the space?", there is the answer-solution: "The dynamic space".
Category: Astrophysics

[534] viXra:1804.0298 [pdf] replaced on 2018-04-23 16:59:23

A `constant Lagrangian' Model for Galactic Dynamics in a Geodetic Approach Towards the Galactic Rotation Dark Matter Issue.

Authors: E.P.J. de Haas
Comments: 26 Pages.

I start with a historical note on the galactic rotation curves issue. The problem with the virial theorem in observed galactic dynamics, lead to the Dark Matter hypothesis but also to Modified Newtonian Dynamics or MOND. Then I move (away) from MOND towards a relativistic, Lagrangian approach of orbital dynamics in a curved Schwarzschild metric. I propose a `constant Lagrangian' model for galactic scale geodetic dynamics. I will show with four rotation fitting curves to what extend my proposed model galaxies `constant Lagrangian' postulate works in these limited number of situations. The fitted galaxies are NGC 2403, NGC 3198, UGC 6614 and F571-8. In the paper I present a theoretical context in which the `constant Lagrangian' postulate might replace the classical virial theorem on a galactic scale. But the proposed postulate isn't a `general law of nature' because in the solar system and in the GNSS relativistic context, the classical virial theorem is proven accurate. Due to the limitations of the proposed postulate, a statement regarding Dark Matter can't be made. But the model might achieve within the GR-Schwarzschild paradigm what MOND achieves within the Newtonian paradigm, fitting the experimental galactic rotation curves.
Category: Astrophysics

[533] viXra:1804.0193 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-18 21:28:30

A Clear Trend in the Mass-Radius Relationship Concerning Stellar Evolution

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 8 Pages. More stars are added due to accusations of cherry-picking data.

Data was obtained from the Kepler Space Telescope and through various media to plot the trend in the mass-radius relationship of stars as they evolve. The trend is that as they lose mass and evolve, they shrink in diameter. This is predicted by stellar metamorphosis, as stellar evolution is planet formation itself.
Category: Astrophysics

[532] viXra:1804.0191 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-23 11:38:07

Dark Matter is Negative Mass

Authors: Hyoyoung Choi
Comments: 12 Pages.

Negative mass is an object whose existence is required by the law of the conservation of energy. The fundamental properties of negative mass can explain important characteristics of dark matter. 1) additional centripetal effects, 2) explanations derived from fundamental principles about the reason why dark matter does not have electromagnetic interaction, 3) repulsive gravity ensuring almost even distribution and lower interaction of dark matter, 4) gravitational lens effect, 5) accelerating expansion of the universe can be explained with negative mass. Therefore, we should seriously examine the negative mass model.
Category: Astrophysics

[531] viXra:1804.0191 [pdf] replaced on 2018-04-30 02:38:44

Dark Matter is Negative Mass

Authors: Hyoyoung Choi
Comments: 11 Pages.

Negative mass is an object whose existence is required by the law of the conservation of energy. The fundamental properties of negative mass can explain important characteristics of dark matter. 1) additional centripetal effects, 2) explanations derived from fundamental principles about the reason why dark matter does not have electromagnetic interaction, 3) repulsive gravity ensuring almost even distribution and lower interaction of dark matter, 4) gravitational lens effect, 5) accelerating expansion of the universe can be explained with negative mass. Therefore, we should seriously examine the negative mass model.
Category: Astrophysics

[530] viXra:1804.0138 [pdf] replaced on 2018-06-06 09:26:50

Dark Matter Black Hole Galaxy Hierarchy According to Quantum FFF Theory.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 30 Pages.

According to Quantum FFF Theory, stable Black Holes are growing by "eating" the gravitating ( Casimir) pressure vacuum without the standard gravity related inertial effects, the result is that 1: Small BHs seem to concentrate around the central giant Galaxy BH . 2: Galaxy cluster mergers like Abell 520 overshoot and leaving behind their own Dark Matter content. Mass is the potency of rigid strings, to produce and radiate Gravitons as a collision product, between mass less ring shaped oscillating Axion Higgs vacuum field particles and Fermions or Bosons also called Dipole Repeller gravity or dipole Emergent Gravity. More extended loops or "arms" of each rigid string particle is supposed to create more Axion transformation into Gravitons or other electromagnetic monopole photons per time unit. Secondly, gravitons are assumed to exert not an attraction force on fermions and bosons but only a reduced pressure force in opposition to the vacuum pressure of the Axion Higgs field.. So, Gravity can be described as the statistical difference between the collision pressure of “new” gravitons opposing the pressure of Axion Higgs field particles all around us. Emergent gravity as proposed by E.Verlinde and Dipole Rrepeller gravity by Yehuda Hoffman, are in line with this assumption.
Category: Astrophysics

[529] viXra:1803.0169 [pdf] replaced on 2018-06-13 08:05:06

The Purging Hypothesis; the New Paradigm for Solar System Formation, Solving All SNDM Paradoxes While Fully Integrating Solar and Planetary Formation

Authors: R. Winnubst
Comments: 15 Pages.

The Solar Nebular Disk Model (SNDM) is the widely accepted paradigm for solar system formation. However, this modern variant of the almost 300 year-old ‘Nebular Hypothesis’ is plagued by an unacceptable number of paradoxes and unsolved issues such as the angular momentum paradox, the formation of terrestrial planets and abundant presence of water. Suspecting SNDM may be fundamentally flawed, a new paradigm was synthesised via ‘connective reversed engineering’ under the most challenging design parameters possible: 1.None of SNDM’s paradoxes are allowed to remain 2.All formation aspects must be consistent with the latest footage of Hubble ST, Spitzer ST and ALMA 3.All formation aspects must logically interconnect to provide a solid end-to-end ‘story line’. After nearly 2 years of re-designing efforts, eliminating countless sequence permutations, only one process emerged that can explain solar system formation in the required integrated and paradox free way: The Purging Hypothesis.
Category: Astrophysics