Authors: Nainan K. Varghese
Comments: 7 Pages.
Abstract: Sun's corona appears much hotter than its surface. Temperature of coronal region, which is farther from the surface by more than eight times the radius of sun, is estimated to be over 1 million degrees Kelvin while temperature of sun’s surface is only about 6000 degrees Kelvin. (Temperature at the center of sun is estimated at about 15 million degrees Kelvin). Earth, with average matter-density of 5515 Kg/m^3 and mean radius of 6360 km, has an atmosphere that extends to about 700 km (about 11% of radius). Beyond this distance there is no perceptible concentration of 3D matter-particles. On the other hand, sun with average matter-density of 1408 kg/m^3 and mean radius of 696000 km is determined to have an atmosphere that extends to its coronal region at a distance of about eight times its mean radius (about 800% of radius). It is absurd to think that sun can sustain concentration of matter-particles at this distance, with sufficient matter-density that can heat up to the estimated temperature of coronal region. As contemporary physical theories are unable to explain any logical mechanism that can produce this difference, it is considered as ‘coronal heating problem’ in physics. Alternative concept, presented in book ‘MATTER (Re-examined)’ has a logical mechanism that can produce observed radiation from coronal region (which is far beyond the limit of its atmosphere).
Authors: Jin He
Comments: 6 pages. 2 figures.
Galaxies demonstrate spectacular structure and ordinary spiral galaxies are simply an exponential disk. A rational structure has at least one net of orthogonal Darwin curves, and the exponential disk has infinite nets. This paper proves that the nets of Darwin curves of exponential disk define an intrinsic vector field in the disk plane. Finally, a proposition is given that the vector field should connect to the phenomenon of constant rotation curves.
Authors: Florentino Muñiz Ania
Comments: 4 Pages.
English (traslation): The current model of the structure of the planets at issue in this article. Arguing that probably your inner core is composed of hydrogen (like the stars), and temperature Hartree.
It is also proposed that the age of the planets is the same as that of the stars. And while they generate electromagnetic radiation, the planets would generate matter.
Spanish (original): Se cuestiona en éste artículo el actual modelo de la estructura de los planetas. Argumentando que probablemente su núcleo interno esté compuesto por hidrógeno (al igual que las estrellas), y a la temperatura de Hartree.
Se propone asimismo que la antigüedad de los planetas es la misma que la de las estrellas. Y que mientras éstas generan radiación electromagnética, los planetas generarían materia.
Authors: Ivar Nielsen
Comments: 5 Pages.
This paper discards the very idea of dark matter and reveals the illogical and inconsistent consensus hypothesis of gravity.
Astrophysicists hypothesized dark matter because of discrepancies between the mass of large astronomical objects determined from their gravitational effects and the mass calculated from the "luminous matter" they contain: stars, gas, and dust. Dark matter was first postulated by Jan Oort in 1932 to account for the orbital velocities of stars in the Milky Way and by Fritz Zwicky in 1933 to account for evidence of "missing mass" in the orbital velocities of galaxies in clusters. Subsequently, many other observations have indicated the presence of dark matter in the universe, including the rotational speeds of galaxies by Vera Rubin.
Authors: David Harding
Comments: 11 Pages.
This study concludes that the universe is necessarily in equilibrium, that all black holes weigh the same per meter, exibit the same force, and that the universe “sees” a specific value as the Graviton, the quintessence of existence. This virtual particle is equal to the Schwarzschild /de Broglie product of any mass or particle whatsoever. The relation confirms that the source of all things is the Planck Interaction, and also, that all particles and all masses should be defined by their Schwarzschild radii, as well as by their de Broglie radii. Further we conclude that the universe is indeed holographic (as described above), yet with the appearance that it is also a finite black hole, and we being observers within it, exist within a predefined space, as governed by the natural constants. It was noted, that we can only observe matter that has not fallen into smaller event horizons. As such, this state includes us as observers. We can observe all matter within our defined space (the universal event horizon), but beyond this space (either larger or smaller) we can observe nothing.
Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.
In establishment dogma, a star is classified as a Population I (young) or a Population II (old) star. This is based on Big Bang Creationism. Stellar metamorphosis offers a replacement understanding.
Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages. 2 diagrams
It is explained in simple terms the differences between establishment dogma’s interpretation of stellar structure versus Stellar Metamorphosis of Kepler-138c
Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 11 Pages.
The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy.
There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
The Weak Interaction changes the temperature dependent Planck Distribution of the electromagnetic oscillations and changing the non-compensated dark matter rate, giving the responsibility to the sterile neutrino.
Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 32 Pages. 32
New astronomical discoveries have recently questioned about our current standard model
based understanding of galaxy formation and evolution. The distribution of dark matter point
sources around galaxy clusters and dwarf galaxies, the so called “Red Nugget” galaxies and
strange behaviour of dwarf galaxies concentrated into layers at both sides of spiral galaxies
are examples of this standard model deviation.
Reason to search for possible solutions, which I present here, based on the Quantum FFF
Theory. ( Function Follows Form in sub quantum stringy particle physics)
Authors: Victor Christianto
Comments: 3 Pages. This article has not been submitted to any journal. Comments are welcome.
This article summarizes a discussion in researchgate.net. My hypothesis is that SOC can be used to explain the origin of the solar system too, especially planetary orbits, alas so far I do not find any equation yet which is based on SOC and can be used to derive numerical predictions of planetary orbit distances in solar systems. We know that planetary orbit distances in solar systems can be explained by many models such as Titius-Bode law, wave mechanics, wave equation and Lane-Emdeen equation.
Authors: T. Marshall Eubanks
Comments: 3 Pages. This paper is intended fro internet distribution only.
This document provides a graph representing the current constraints on Compact Ultra-Dense Objects (CUDOs). It is intended to be updated as new constraints are published or found.
Authors: Herbert Weidner
Comments: 6 Pages.
The 21-centimeter absorption line from the direction of Taurus A showed a shift in frequency when the source passed near Sun. The observed redshift can be explained by an energy loss of electromagnetic waves, when the electric component accelerates unbound electrons in the thin plasma surrounding the sun. A reexamination of the recorded radio signals corroborates the predicted redshift of electromagnetic waves. This allows to determine the number of free electrons in the corona.