[5] **viXra:1201.0104 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-01-26 06:41:04*

**Authors:** Jeremy Dunning-Davies

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

Fairly recently, two announcements concerning astrophysical observations appeared. The first from NASA mentioned the fact that the Voyager 1 spacecraft had detected a 100-fold increase in the intensity of high-energy electrons from elsewhere in the galaxy diffusing into our solar system from outside; the other revealed that a new all-sky map showed the magnetic fields of the Milky Way with the highest precision and proceeded to point out that the origin of galactic magnetic fields remains unknown despite intensive research, although it seemingly assumed that they are constructed via dynamo processes, such as are said to occur in the interiors of the Earth and the Sun. Here it is pointed out that plasma cosmology/electric universe theory can, and does, offer viable solutions to these and other supposed problems faced by orthodox cosmology.

**Category:** Astrophysics

[4] **viXra:1201.0103 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-01-26 04:55:39*

**Authors:** Golden Gadzirayi Nyambuya

**Comments:** 10 Pages. A follow up paper in on the way.

The Spectral Energy Distribution (SED) measurements of Sunlight indicate that the Sun's SED is approximately that of a black body at a temperature of about 5777K. This fact has been known for quite some time now. What is surprising is that this fact has not been interpreted correctly to mean that the Sun's temperature is constant throughout its profile i.e. the temperature of the core right up to the Surface must be the same i.e. if Tsun(r) the temperature of the Sun at any radial point r, then Tsun(r)=5777K. From the fundamental principles of statistical thermodynamics, a blackbody is a body whose constituents are all at a constant temperature and such a body will exhibit a Planckian SED. For a body that has a nearly blackbody SED like the Sun (and the stars), this means the constituents of this body must, at a reasonable degree of approximation, be at the same temperature i.e. its temperature must be constant throughout. If the Sun is approximately a blackbody as experience indicates, then, the Standard Solar Model (SSM) can not be a correct description of physical and natural reality for the one simple reason, that the Solar core must be at same temperature as the Solar surface. Simple, the Sun is not hot enough to ignite thermonuclear fission at its nimbus. If this is the case, then how does the Sun (and the stars) generate its luminosity. A suggestion to this problem is made in a future reading that is at an advanced stage of preparation; therein, it is proposed that the Sun is in a state of thermodynamic equilibrium -- i.e., in a state of uniform temperature and further a proposal (hypothesis or conjecture) is set-forth that the Sun may very well be powered by the 104.17 micro-Hz gravitational oscillations first detected by Brookes el al. (1976), Severny et al. (1976). Herein, we verily prove that the SED of a body in hydrostatic equilibrium can not, in general be Planckian in nature, thus ruling out the SSM in its current constitution. Only in the case were the density index is \alpha_{\varrho}=2 (which implies a zero temperature index i.e. \alpha_{T}=0$), will the SED of such a body be Planckian.

**Category:** Astrophysics

[3] **viXra:1201.0100 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-01-25 13:38:07*

**Authors:** Policarpo Yōshin Ulianov

**Comments:** 15 Pages.

This article introduces a new model for the non-Euclidean spaces’ representation, in which the coordinates and distances are considered as digital nature. This model, called Ulianov Sphere Network (USN), presents a new way for visualizing the curved spaces, such as those defined in the context of the General Relativity Theory (GRT).
USN model has the potential to facilitate the calculation procedures concerning the problems handled by GRT, since it relies on a very simple mathematical formulation, which can be easily implemented in numerical computing systems.
The proposed model is a mathematical tool that facilitates the manipulation of non-Euclidean spaces, for the simple expedient of constructing over a continuous plain space, a network of hyperspheres that behaves as a non-Euclidean digital space.
Initially, the USN model has no real connection with the observed physics in our universe, being basically a theoretical abstraction. However, as will be shown in this article, the application of the UNS model allows inferring some formulas related to GRT and also with the Newton’s Law of Gravitation. Thus, the hypothesis that the USN model is actually somehow related to the physical basis of operation of our universe is not discarded.

**Category:** Astrophysics

[2] **viXra:1201.0064 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2013-02-01 12:03:11*

**Authors:** R. Wayte

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

The Sun's motion around the solar system barycentre produces a small quadrupole moment in the gravitational energy of Mercury, which generates 7arcsec/cy precession of Mercury's perihelion.

**Category:** Astrophysics

[1] **viXra:1201.0044 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2012-01-28 00:00:33*

**Authors:** Florentin Smarandache, V. Christianto, Pavel Pintr

**Comments:** 224 Pages.

The ongoing search of extrasolar planets is one of the most attractive fields of research in
astrophysics and astronomy nowadays. Up to now, 360 extrasolar planets have been discovered near stars
with similar mass as the Sun. There is also discovery related to the so-called Earth-like planets.
With regards to these discoveries, one intriguing question is whether there is relationship between
orbit distance of the planets and their stars. Various formulas have been suggested since 1990s, and they suggest that there may be reason to accept quantization of distances of those planets both in our solar system and also in extrasolar systems as well. This book discusses this issue (Rubcic & Rubcic), along with other interesting issues such as protoplanetary formation of solar system (Pintr, prof. Per\inova% , & dr. Luks\), precession in solar system (Pitkanen) and other topics.
Another line of thought explored herein is the correspondence between cosmological phenomena
and condensed matter physics, and therefore we can think that the quantization of orbit distances
can be caused by superfluid helium quantization. This issue is explored by F. Smarandache and V.
Christianto. Moreover, F. Smarandache also discusses possible new era of research that is
pertaining to superluminal physics and instantaneous physics. Ion Patrascu and D. Rabounski discuss superluminality from their perspectives. And M. Pereira discusses his Hypergeometrical Universe model.
This book is published after our previous book: Quantization in astrophyisics, Brownian motion,
and Supersymmetry which was released about five years ago. Perhaps the ideas presented herein
will have impact on discussions concerning quantum cosmology, which so far it cannot be observed. On the contrary, quantization at large scales can be observed. We hope that this volume will add a new chapter in our understanding of the Universe, from the viewpoint of quantization and
discretization at large scales.

**Category:** Astrophysics