Astrophysics

1902 Submissions

[33] viXra:1902.0505 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-28 07:54:08

Dark Matter in Small Galaxies

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 59 Pages.

Dark matter particles may scatter against each other only when they hit the right energy, say researchers in Japan, Germany, and Austria in a new study. [33] A team led by the Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe constructed a map of dark matter throughout the history of the universe by analysing images of more than ten million galaxies. [32] Key components for the sky-mapping Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument (DESI), weighing about 12 tons, were hoisted atop the Mayall Telescope at Kitt Peak National Observatory (KPNO) near Tucson, Arizona, and bolted into place Wednesday, marking a major project milestone. [31]
Category: Astrophysics

[32] viXra:1902.0501 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-28 09:02:20

Planet Orbital Eccentricity Disproves the Solar Group Current Description

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 15 Pages.

The basic challenge in the solar group study is the current description which contradicts with the solar planets data …. Simply the solar group current description is unreal…! The planet doesn’t move by gravity, and no big bang is found in the universe origin..! Solar Planet motion can't be independent from other planets motions, on the contrary the planets motions work as gears motions, each planet causes the other planet to move! In fact it's hard to examine this situation… the solar group current description is created based on the direct observation, regardless any planet data… which creates approximately a pure imaginary description… This imaginary description is created also because of the basic definitions absence…(No definitions for …. distance, time, Energy, Force, Matter, Gravity, Light Nature, Field etc..). to see much we need to examine the eclipse phenomena Example For Explanation – Total Solar Eclipse Why the total solar eclipse is occurred? i.e. Why we see the sun disc= the moon disc? The answer is known.. because (Sun Diameter / Moon Diameter) = (Earth Orbital Distance / Earth Moon Distance) Why? …..Why the diameters rate = the distances rate? Is there a relationship between the planet diameter and his orbital distance? Or Planet orbital distance is defined by gravity …?! Let's try to answer 1st Critic / Mercury – Venus – Earth ….. these 3 planets order lead us to conclude that, there's some relationship between the planet diameter and his orbital distance With a clear rule "Greater Diameter needs Greater Orbital Distance" And/ There's a similar order (but reversed). Let's see it Jupiter – Saturn – Uranus – Neptune – Pluto The previous order tells us a reversed rule "Greater Diameter needs Shorter Orbital Distance" Something is occurred with Mars which caused the rule to be reversed after Mars! But/ Uranus Diameter is Greater Than Neptune Diameter, Where Neptune Mass is Greater Than Uranus… that tells us the solar planets order is done depending on the diameter and not on the mass! disproving the gravity concept! 2nd Critic/ If the planet moves by gravity, and defines his orbital distance by the gravitation equation, which depends on the masses, Why Jupiter Isn't In Place Of Mercury? According to the gravitation equation (m/r2)? The told answer is because of the initial points!! And why we accept the gravitation equation based on that if there's no any proof for it?! 3rd Critic/ More data may help to see much better - 1092x Mercury Diameter 4879 km= 57.9 mkm Mercury Orbital Distance -1092 x Earth Diameter 12756 km= 149.6 mkm (Earth Orbital distance) -1092 x Saturn diameter 120536 km= 1433.5 mkm (Saturn Orbital Distance) -1092 x Mars diameter 6792 = 80.5 mkm (Earth – Mars distance) (2.8%) Not all planets follow directly this same equation (D= R *1092, Where D= planet orbital distance R = Planet diameter) So it can't be considered a proof for the claim But I found the previous 3 critics are strong indications lead to the conclusions Conclusions/ 1-There's A Relationship Between The Planet Diameter And his Orbital Distance 2-Mars causes Disturbance For This Relationship The previous conclusions offer a new vision with different description… how the planet diameter can have a relationship with the orbital distance?! here we face the difficult question what's the space? I answer "the Space is Energy" and we know that the matter is energy (E=mc2)… so that may help to find a relationship between the diameter and orbital distance… Then the next question will be "what event has occurred for Mars?" but the next question will be more complex… if some event occurred with Mars in the history how can we know that? My solar group alternative description is: 1.The solar group is one trajectory of Energy, each planet is a point on this same Trajectory. 2.The same Energy is seen in space and matter forms This description we should discuss deeply in this paper … So this paper offer 2 main points 1st Part -This paper uses the planet eccentricity data to show that the planet motion and orbital distance can't be found by any gravity force…. the concept was imaginary… 2nd Part -I provide an alternative description for the solar group
Category: Astrophysics

[31] viXra:1902.0461 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-26 11:18:38

Neutrinos in Clustering of Galaxies

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

This new measurement constitutes an interesting confirmation of the standard cosmological model which links the production of neutrinos one second after the Big Bang to the clustering of galaxies billions of years later. [36] The history of the universe is predicated on the idea that, compared to today, the universe was hotter and more symmetric in its early phase. [35] The universe consists of a massive imbalance between matter and antimatter. [34]
Category: Astrophysics

[30] viXra:1902.0440 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-25 07:54:00

X-ray Communicate in Space

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

This is where the concept of X-ray communications (XCOM) come into play, which offer even more in the way of advantages than lasers. For one, X-rays have much shorter wavelengths than both radio waves and lasers and can broadcast in tighter beams. [36] In a new study published Aug. 17 in Nature Communications, Nemsak, Fadley, Schneider and colleagues demonstrate the use of new techniques in X-ray spectroscopy to illuminate the internal structure of manganese-doped gallium arsenide. [35]
Category: Astrophysics

[29] viXra:1902.0439 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-25 08:07:46

X-ray Observations of Galactic Center

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

Monitored in the radio since its discovery and more recently in the infrared and the X-ray, Sgr A* appears to be accreting material at a very low rate, only a few hundredths of an Earth-mass per year. [37] This is where the concept of X-ray communications (XCOM) come into play, which offer even more in the way of advantages than lasers. For one, X-rays have much shorter wavelengths than both radio waves and lasers and can broadcast in tighter beams. [36] In a new study published Aug. 17 in Nature Communications, Nemsak, Fadley, Schneider and colleagues demonstrate the use of new techniques in X-ray spectroscopy to illuminate the internal structure of manganese-doped gallium arsenide. [35]
Category: Astrophysics

[28] viXra:1902.0416 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-24 14:15:15

Technische Anwendungen Zur Umwandlung Der Rotationsenergie Der Erde in Elektrische Energie in Theorie Und Praxis Teil 13

Authors: Robert Stach
Comments: 12 Pages.

Aufgezeigt werden Möglichkeiten zur Umwandlung der Rotationsenergie der Erde in elektrische Energie. Die technischen Anlagen nutzen das Prinzip der Präzession. Unter Beibehaltung der Masse weichen dabei die Kreisel der Gravitationskraft aus. Während dieser Bewegung erhalten die Kreisel einen deutlichen Zuwachs an potenzieller Energie, ohne das dafür der Betrag der Gravitationskraft aufgebracht werden muss. Entsprechend dem Drehimpulserhaltungssatzes verkleinert sich dabei die Winkelgeschwindigkeit der Erdrotation und damit auch die Rotationsenergie der Erde. Die Rotationsenergie der Erde verringert sich somit durch eine technisch bedingte Wechselwirkung mit ihrem Erdschwerefeld. Begonnen wird mit den Anlagen der Ringheiligtümer, welche mit wahrscheinlich sehr großen und sehr langsam rotierenden Kreisel ausgestattet waren.
Category: Astrophysics

[27] viXra:1902.0375 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-23 04:36:07

Gravitational Wave Event

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

An international research team including astronomers from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, has combined radio telescopes from five continents to prove the existence of a narrow stream of material, a so-called jet, emerging from the only gravitational wave event involving two neutron stars ever observed. [20] The improvement will see the twin observatories — located near Hanford, Washington and Livingston, Louisiana in the US – double their sensitivity to gravitational waves. [19]
Category: Astrophysics

[26] viXra:1902.0326 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-20 04:49:03

Comment on “Flat Rotation Curve Without Dark Matter: the Generalized Newton’s Law of Gravitation”

Authors: M.E. Hassani
Comments: 4 Pages ; 4 References

In a relatively recent article by Arbab I. Arbab (Astrophys. Space Sci. 355, 343, 2015), the author claimed that the problem of flat rotation curve could be solved in the context of the so-called‘generalized Newton's law of gravitation’ without resorting to the dark matter. However, the present comment proves more conclusively that the proposed formulae and the calculations are physico-mathematically wrong. Consequently, the author's claim is mathematically and physically highly questionable.
Category: Astrophysics

[25] viXra:1902.0310 [pdf] replaced on 2019-05-23 19:08:27

A Demonstration of the Titius–Bode Law and the Number of Saturn’s Rings by Newtonian Methods Using the Kerr-Newman Solution of the General Relativity Theory

Authors: Fumitaka Inuyama.
Comments: 10 Pages.

The beautiful Titius–Bode law (ξ=0.4+0.3×2^n ) , discovered 250 years ago, is considered to be a mathematical coincidence rather than an "exact" law, because it has not yet been physically proved. However, considering the disturbance restoration and the stability of the asteroid belt orbit, there must be some underlying logical necessity. Planetary orbits are often computed by Newtonian mechanics with the kinetic energy and the universal gravitation energy. However, applying the principle of energy-minimum to the Newtonian mechanics leads to the result that the stable orbital radius is only one value, which is totally incompatible with actual phenomena. This discrepancy must result from the shortage of elements which rule over the planetary orbits. Other elements to rule over the planetary orbits are the electric charge energy and the rotation energy, both of which are guided by the Kerr-Newman solution of the general relativity theory discovered in 1965. Here, I mathematically demonstrated the Titius–Bode law, and also calculated the number of Saturn’s rings, maximum 35, by applying the principle of energy-minimum of Newtonian methods to the complicated energy equation which adopts mass, electric charge and rotation elements of the central core star such as the Sun.
Category: Astrophysics

[24] viXra:1902.0309 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-19 00:08:35

A New Light Estimation of Dark Matter, Dark Energy and Ternary Space-Times, Based on the Special Theory of Relativity 

Authors: Fumitaka Inuyama
Comments: 9 Pages.

Published studies in the literature have stated that the mass of dark matter and the mass of dark energy are approximately five times and 14 times greater in mass, respectively, than ordinary substances such as atoms. However, the detection and thus proof of the existence of dark matter and dark energy have not been successfully realized to date. I believe that there are some fundamental problems that must be addressed and that universal space-time itself has its own hidden characteristics. In this work, I have estimated universal space-time based on the special theory of relativity i.e. the combined velocity and the increasing mass. Based on this estimate, it can be concluded that “ternary space-times” exist in the universe and that each of these space-times has its own specific light velocity.
Category: Astrophysics

[23] viXra:1902.0306 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-19 04:58:09

Particles Bombard Exoplanets

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 65 Pages.

These particles are produced by stellar flares or by shock waves driven by magnetic events in the stellar corona. [36] Researchers have investigated wave-particle interactions between energetic electrons and chorus waves evolving in the space surrounding the Earth using the scientific satellite Arase and, simultaneously, transient auroral flashes by the ground-based global observation network. [35]
Category: Astrophysics

[22] viXra:1902.0298 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-17 12:15:55

Low Hanging Fruit: Flat Earth vs. Stellar Metamorphosis vs. Establishment Dogma's Forming Mars in Zero Time

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 4 Pages.

A few ideas are brought to light showing how different flat Earth theory is compared to stellar metamorphosis. The author then extends the difference and explains that flat Earth theory is similar to the nebular hypothesis, and both are juxtaposed to stellar metamorphosis. The purpose of this paper is not to make fun of or ridicule flat Earth believers, it is simply to show how different it is from stellar metamorphosis. What will be found is that the same mental persistence in believing Earth to be flat by flat Earthers is present in establishment dogma's belief that stars and planets are mutually exclusive constructs, and is based off a perceptual issue of time. It is important to note that both establishment dogma and flat Earthers ignore evidence that contradicts their worldview due to problems of spatial awareness tied with ego and time comprehension tied with ego. In essence the people who believe stars to be mutually exclusive of planets are the new "Flat Earthers", but for a different vector of spatial reasoning, the one involving the comprehension and understanding of deep time.
Category: Astrophysics

[21] viXra:1902.0294 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-16 06:41:57

Gravitational Wave Daily Detection

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 21 Pages.

The improvement will see the twin observatories — located near Hanford, Washington and Livingston, Louisiana in the US – double their sensitivity to gravitational waves. [19] A group of scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) at the University of Copenhagen will soon start developing a new line of technical equipment in order to dramatically improve gravitational wave detectors. [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17]
Category: Astrophysics

[20] viXra:1902.0291 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-16 09:34:13

Why The Solar Planet Motion Trajectory is An Ellipse?(revised)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 13 Pages.

Why The Solar Planet Motion Trajectory is An Ellipse?(revised) The paper provides a heavy claim…let's summarize its idea as clear as possible: -The ellipse trajectory of Planet motion is produced by interaction of 2 forms of motions trajectory square and circular..! i.e. -Ellipse Trajectory = Square trajectory + Circular trajectory What does that mean? -The planet motion real trajectory is a square! -This square we should see as circular because of Earth motion! -The interaction between these 2 forms produces the ellipse (Kepler 1st Law is correct) But -If the direct observation shows the trajectory as an ellipse!, based on what I claim about the square form?! To see clearly as possible we have to answer 3 questions: 1-Why the planet motion trajectory is A Square? 2-Why we see the square trajectory as Circular One? 3-Why these 2 forms get interaction? Why the final trajectory isn't square or circular? Let's start with question No.2 Why we see the square trajectory as Circular One? The answer is so simple, we may remember the rock which Einstein have left to drop from the train… where Einstein saw the rock motion trajectory as straight line but the people on platform saw the rock motion trajectory as a curved trajectory… So Why the square is seen as circular? Because of Earth Motion Is this a sufficient answer? Of course Not! Why? Because of Earth motion velocity! What's Earth velocity? To see clearly as possible we need to discuss our old question…. How the matter is created? The classical vision tells the matter is found regardless any other factor! Is it true..? I have another vision to define the matter existence…. Let's summarize it: 1-The human mind contains electromagnetic waves (travel by c velocity) 2-I suppose The Realization Process in human mind depends on c velocity 3-Special Theory of Relativity tells us, if 2 observers travel with the same velocity (Even if both travel by light velocity, No difference in velocity is found), for that each of both will see the other as matter (particle) - but if there's a difference in velocity between 2 observers = light velocity, so each of them will see the other as light beam (wave) 4-In Young Experiment (Double Slit Experiment), the light coherence produces bright fringes and dark fringes 5-I claim that, the solar group is created by a coherence of 2 light beams 6-We see The Bright Fringes as Matters (because our mind realization process works by the light velocity by which bright fringes travel) (That's why we have body… our bodies are made of bright fringes but we see them as matters) 7-We see the dark fringes as distances or space (that's why the space is Energy)…………etc
Category: Astrophysics

[19] viXra:1902.0258 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-14 07:38:50

Merging Neutron Stars

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

The opportunity to measure the gravitational waves of two merging neutron stars could offer answers to some of the fundamental questions about the structure of matter. [42] Experiments in astrophysics and nuclear and particle physics are crucial to analyse how the universe works. [41] A team of researchers at the University of Chicago has developed a circuit platform for the exploration of quantum matter made of strongly interacting microwave photons. [40]
Category: Astrophysics

[18] viXra:1902.0256 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-14 08:24:29

What is a Black Hole?

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

Physically, a black hole is defined by the presence of a singularity, i.e., a region of space, bounded by an 'event horizon', within which the mass/energy density becomes infinite, and the normally well-behaved laws of physics no longer apply. [33] While current gravitational wave observations aren't yet sensitive enough to observe the effect, this will certainly become an important target of future experiments. [32] One of the most cataclysmic events to occur in the cosmos involves the collision of two black holes. [31]
Category: Astrophysics

[17] viXra:1902.0250 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-14 16:59:49

Why The Solar Planet Motion Trajectory is An Ellipse?

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 12 Pages.

Why The Solar Planet Motion Trajectory is An Ellipse? 1-Solar planet motion real trajectory is a square 2-This square trajectory is seen by us as circular trajectory 3-The 2 forms of trajectories (square and circular) get interaction together and produce the ellipse as the planet motion final trajectory. 4-The square and circular trajectories interaction is done by Uranus and Neptune effects… 5-Saturn is the main player in the solar group geometry 6-Planet Eccentricity supports this claim
Category: Astrophysics

[16] viXra:1902.0234 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-13 07:40:30

Mapping Historical Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

A team led by the Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe constructed a map of dark matter throughout the history of the universe by analysing images of more than ten million galaxies. [32] Key components for the sky-mapping Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument (DESI), weighing about 12 tons, were hoisted atop the Mayall Telescope at Kitt Peak National Observatory (KPNO) near Tucson, Arizona, and bolted into place Wednesday, marking a major project milestone. [31]
Category: Astrophysics

[15] viXra:1902.0230 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-13 08:54:51

Solar Planet Data Geometrical Concepts Disproves the Current Theory

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 14 Pages.

I claim that, the Solar group current theory and description are incorrect completely And contradict directly with the solar planet data geometrical meanings… let's discuss one example only for explanation… Example No.1 How the planet orbital distance is defined? How does the planet move? By gravity… The gravitation equation defines the planet orbital distance… ! Let's examine this answer 1st critic / Mercury – Venus – Earth ….. these 3 planets order lead us to conclude that, there's some relationship between the planet diameter and his orbital distance With a clear rule "Greater Diameter needs Greater Orbital Distance" The current theory tells us this is pure coincidences! But There's similar order (but reversed). Let's see that Jupiter – Saturn – Uranus – Neptune – Pluto The previous order tells us a reversed rule "Greater Diameter needs Shorter Orbital Distance" Something is occurred with Mars which caused the rule to be reversed after Mars! The current theory still consider this second order also as "pure Coincidences" But Uranus Diameter is greater than Neptune Diameter, where Neptune Mass is greater than Uranus… that tells us the solar planets order is done depending on the diameter and not on the mass! disproving the gravity concept …! This critic also is "pure coincidences", the current theory still insists … 2nd Critic/ If the planet moves by gravity, and defines his orbital distance by the gravitation equation, which depends on the masses, why Jupiter isn't in place of Mercury? Why the greatest Mass has no shortest orbital distance? According to the gravitation equation (m/r2)? The told answer is because of the initial points!! And why we accept the gravitation equation based on that if there's no any proof for it?! For myself I try to understand and don't believe deeply the current theory So the conclusions are clear before my eyes 1-There's A Relationship Between The Planet Diameter And His Orbital Distance 2-Mars causes Disturbance For This Relationship In this paper I provide many similar points which disprove clearly the current theory and push us to find more sufficient theory to explain the solar group origin and motion.
Category: Astrophysics

[14] viXra:1902.0194 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-11 09:35:34

Development of the Universe

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

The history of the universe is predicated on the idea that, compared to today, the universe was hotter and more symmetric in its early phase. [35] The universe consists of a massive imbalance between matter and antimatter. [34] Our universe could be the mirror image of an antimatter universe extending backwards in time before the Big Bang. [33]
Category: Astrophysics

[13] viXra:1902.0190 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-10 14:23:48

Some Pieces to the Great Red Spot on Jupiter Puzzle

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 5 Pages.

This is a proposed reason there are red storms on Jupiter, with a few other ideas. The nitrogen and oxygen available in Jupiter's atmosphere, inside of ammonium hydrosulfide [(NH4)HS] and water (H2O) interact with UVB and UVC light. The high energy photons from UV light could break them down into their elemental forms, which can then recombine with each other forming dinitrogen tetroxide N2O4 a colorless gas, and a host of other compounds and molecules. For this paper though, I will focus on the Giant Red Spot maintaining equilibrium by converting N2O4 to NO2 and back to N2O4 again. This also provides a reason why hydrogen is lost in huge amounts, as more electronegative elements nitrogen and oxygen, begin dominating and forming more complex compounds.
Category: Astrophysics

[12] viXra:1902.0125 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-07 10:36:10

New Particles using Black Holes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

While current gravitational wave observations aren't yet sensitive enough to observe the effect, this will certainly become an important target of future experiments. [32] One of the most cataclysmic events to occur in the cosmos involves the collision of two black holes. [31] Black holes are known for their voracious appetites, binging on matter with such ferocity that not even light can escape once it's swallowed up. [30] During the formation of a black hole, a bright burst of very energetic light in the form of gamma rays is produced, these events are called gamma ray bursts. [29]
Category: Astrophysics

[11] viXra:1902.0109 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-06 06:53:06

Wave-Plasma Surrounding the Earth

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

Researchers have investigated wave-particle interactions between energetic electrons and chorus waves evolving in the space surrounding the Earth using the scientific satellite Arase and, simultaneously, transient auroral flashes by the ground-based global observation network. [35] The universe consists of a massive imbalance between matter and antimatter. [34] Our universe could be the mirror image of an antimatter universe extending backwards in time before the Big Bang. [33] "As you celebrate New Year's Day, cast an eye upward and think for a moment about the amazing things our country and our species can do when we set our minds to it," Stern wrote in the New York Times on Monday. [32]
Category: Astrophysics

[10] viXra:1902.0108 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-06 07:16:51

Formation Mechanism of Stars

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 66 Pages.

A novel experiment at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) has demonstrated the validity of a widespread theory known as "magnetorotational instability," or MRI, that seeks to explain the formation of heavenly bodies. [36] Researchers have investigated wave-particle interactions between energetic electrons and chorus waves evolving in the space surrounding the Earth using the scientific satellite Arase and, simultaneously, transient auroral flashes by the ground-based global observation network. [35]
Category: Astrophysics

[9] viXra:1902.0097 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-05 18:06:36

The Relativistic Effects Reason

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 3 Pages.

This paper discusses one conclusion only which is: All Matters and Materials around us are light beams we see as matters and materials because of the human mind realization process.
Category: Astrophysics

[8] viXra:1902.0079 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-04 23:23:55

Gravity

Authors: Sergey Bilyk
Comments: 95 Pages.

This article considers mechanics of gravity based on the Theory of Everything.
Category: Astrophysics

[7] viXra:1902.0067 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-04 08:16:20

Universe Composed of Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 60 Pages.

The universe consists of a massive imbalance between matter and antimatter. [34] Our universe could be the mirror image of an antimatter universe extending backwards in time before the Big Bang. [33] "As you celebrate New Year's Day, cast an eye upward and think for a moment about the amazing things our country and our species can do when we set our minds to it," Stern wrote in the New York Times on Monday. [32] Our senses are stuck in the past. There's a flash of lightning, and then seconds pass until we hear the rumble of distant thunder. We hear the past. [31]
Category: Astrophysics

[6] viXra:1902.0059 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-03 16:06:07

Star System Polymetamorphism

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 7 Pages. added some stuff on molecular dynamics, and TESS Sector 7 observations

All star systems are polymetamorphic/polymetamorphous. This means they contain stars in various stages to their own metamorphosis. Stars of all kinds orbit each other. Since they are all in different stages to their own metamorphosis, they are poly (many) meta (after) morphous/morphic (having a specified shape or form). A short list of differences between stars in our system and others is provided. As well, a short example concerning planet formation coupled with the field of molecular dynamics is provided. It is clear, planet formation (stellar evolution) is the most complex process in the universe, and stellar metamorphosis is the theory we will use to explain it, because it is the only theory that combines all the sciences together into one.
Category: Astrophysics

[5] viXra:1902.0050 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-03 07:13:36

Astrons Within 20ly_printable Version

Authors: Daniel Archer
Comments: 2 Pages. addendum to main paper: Stellar Metamorphosis: Classification of astrons within 20 light years

Classification of astrons within 20 light years
Category: Astrophysics

[4] viXra:1902.0049 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-03 07:16:02

Stellar Metamorphosis: Classification of Astrons Within 20 Light Years

Authors: Daniel Archer
Comments: 5 Pages. there is an addendum: astrons within 20ly_printable version

The observed stars and planets (astrons) within 20 light years of our solar system are classified according to Stellar Metamorphosis. After the table some notes are provided on certain classifications and explanations on why certain choices were made.
Category: Astrophysics

[3] viXra:1902.0044 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-03 10:26:05

Gerges Francis Tawdrous (Curriculum Vitae)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 11 Pages.

The Curriculum Vitae of Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Category: Astrophysics

[2] viXra:1902.0029 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-02 11:30:49

Dark Matter is not ‘invisible’, is not ‘transparent’ Matter

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 297 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

“Dark Matter is not ‘invisible’, is not ‘transparent’ Matter.” Adrian Ferent “Light will not cross Dark Matter because the Gravitons from Dark Matter will transform light in Dark Matter.” Adrian Ferent “Light will not cross Dark Matter because Dark Matter density is higher than Planck density.” Adrian Ferent You learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists…that Dark Matter is ‘invisible’, is ‘transparent’ Matter. “What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Dark Matter is wrong” Adrian Ferent You learned that Dark Matter is some form of material that does not emits, reflects, absorbs light. This means the light goes trough Dark Matter because light does not interact with Dark Matter. The wrong picture where Matter only accounts for 4.9 percent of our universe; another 26.8 percent is constituted of Dark Matter and 68.3 percent is constituted of Dark Energy. The scientists thought because there is 5 times more Dark Matter than Matter, because they did not detect Dark Matter which does not interact with light, the scientists have come to the conclusion that Dark Matter is ‘invisible’, is ‘transparent’ Matter. When you look at the sky and you do not see Dark Matter, this means it is ‘invisible’, is ‘transparent’! Here are 2 examples, Lisa Randall professor from Harvard university and Dan Bauer physicist from Fermilab, of what the professors, the scientists think about Dark Matter: they think that Dark Matter is ‘invisible’, is ‘transparent’ Matter! Lisa Randall professor from Harvard university, on New Ideas About Dark Matter: Dan Bauer physicist from Fermilab, on what is Dark Matter: Visible light is usually defined as having the wavelength around 5 × 10^(-7) m. I calculated the mass of Dark Matter, a sphere with the diameter of 2 wavelengths: The sphere volume: V= 4πr^3 / 3 V= 5.2 × 10^(-19) m^3 In Ferent Quantum Gravity, FQG, Dark Matter with this volume has a density higher than Planck density! The density of Dark Matter is higher than Planck density = 5.2 × 10^96 kg/m^3 I consider the Dark Matter density for this volume 5.2 × 10^99 kg/m^3, much smaller than Ferent density. The Dark Matter mass: M = 27 × 10^80 kg This is a huge mass, because Dark Matter has another structure, based on Ferent length much smaller than Planck length. Light will not cross Dark Matter with the volume V and the mass M. Light will not cross Dark Matter with the volume V because the Gravitons from Dark Matter will transform light in Dark Matter. “Light will not cross Dark Matter because the Gravitons from Dark Matter will transform light in Dark Matter.” Adrian Ferent “Light will not cross Dark Matter because Dark Matter density is higher than Planck density.” Adrian Ferent This means: “Dark Matter is not ‘invisible’, is not ‘transparent’ Matter.” Adrian Ferent “Your professors, the researchers, the greatest scientists…did not understand Gravitation and Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “Ferent equation of the Universe, made of Matter and Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent 170. I am the first who calculated Dark Matter mass with the volume V 171. I am the first who discovered that Dark Matter is not ‘invisible’, is not ‘transparent’ Matter 172. I am the first who discovered that light will not cross Dark Matter because the Gravitons from Dark Matter will transform light in Dark Matter 173. I am the first who discovered that light will not cross Dark Matter because Dark Matter density is higher than Planck density
Category: Astrophysics

[1] viXra:1902.0025 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-02 13:34:59

The Locations of K2-33 and K2-33b on the Wolynski-Taylor Diagram, and V 391 Pegasi b: The "Red Giant" Survivor

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 5 Pages. a few illustrations included

Dogma has K2-33 and K2-33b the same age, ~9.3 million years old. It is clear they are vastly different ages, as the host is a voluminous red dwarf and its companion a many hundred million year old grey dwarf. Both are placed on the WT diagram to show the public and the scientific community at large that the dogma is off by two magnitudes concerning the age of K2-33b, the grey dwarf in question and off by over one magnitude with K2-33. As well, V 391 Pegasi b is shown to exist with or without a red giant needing to exist in any state.
Category: Astrophysics