Astrophysics

1908 Submissions

[38] viXra:1908.0456 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-21 07:55:03

Star Collisions Measuring in the Lab

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 77 Pages.

Collisions between neutron stars are fascinating cosmic events that lead to the formation of numerous chemical elements. [46] Physicists from ITMO University have developed a model of an optical tractor beam to capture particles based on new artificial materials. [45] Researchers from the Structured Light group from the School of Physics at the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa, have found a way to use the full beam of a laser single cells in a human body, tiny particles in small volume chemistry, or working on future on-chip devices. [44] This research work by the UEx, which has been published in Scientific Reports, explored the electromagnetic properties of specific materials that can make certain objects invisible when they are introduced into its interior. [43] A research team from ITMO University and the Australian National University has discovered that different metasurfaces exhibit the same behavior provided a symmetry breaking is introduced to their unit cells "meta-atoms."[42]
Category: Astrophysics

[37] viXra:1908.0448 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-21 12:37:04

Heavyweight Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

"In particular, our scheme predicts the existence of superheavy gravitinos, which-unlike the usual candidates and unlike the previously considered light gravitinos-would also interact strongly and electromagnetically with ordinary matter," says Hermann Nicolai. [29] Physicists in Italy are about to start up a new experiment designed to hunt for hypothetical particles such as the "dark photon" and carriers of a possible fifth force of nature. [28] A signal caused by the very first stars to form in the universe has been picked up by a tiny but highly specialised radio telescope in the remote Western Australian desert. [27] This week, scientists from around the world who gathered at the University of California, Los Angeles, at the Dark Matter 2018 Symposium learned of new results in the search for evidence of the elusive material in Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) by the DarkSide-50 detector. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] "We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit." [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22]
Category: Astrophysics

[36] viXra:1908.0446 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-21 14:50:58

Predictions for Elementary Particles and Explanations for Astrophysics Data

Authors: Thomas J. Buckholtz
Comments: 59 pages

We suggest descriptions for new elementary particles, dark matter, and dark energy. We use those descriptions to explain data regarding dark matter effects, dark energy effects, and galaxy evolution. We use mathematics-based modeling that can feature objects and de-emphasize motion. The modeling, descriptions, and explanations embrace and augment traditional physics theory modeling.
Category: Astrophysics

[35] viXra:1908.0429 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 12:04:00

Black Holes with Tabletop Experiment

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 27 Pages.

A research team from Osaka University, Nihon University and Chuo University has proposed a novel theoretical framework whose experiment could be performed in a laboratory to better understand the physics of black holes. [21] Answering the question "How did galaxies form and evolve during the 13.8-billion-year history of the universe?" has been one top issue in modern astronomy. [20] If someone were to venture into one of these relatively benign black holes, they could survive, but their past would be obliterated and they could have an infinite number of possible futures. [19]
Category: Astrophysics

[34] viXra:1908.0423 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 18:05:24

Light Velocity Effect On Solar System Geometry

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 21 Pages.

Paper Hypotheses (I) Light Velocity 1-There are 2 light velocities work in the solar system. Which are light known velocity (= 0.3mkm/sec) and light supposed velocity (=1.16 mkm/sec) 2-Light supposed velocity (1.16 mkm/sec) creates the distance by its motion (where Space = Energy) – 3-Planet Matter is created from the distance energy – that explains the relationship between Planet Matter (diameter or mass) with its orbital distance 4-Planet Matter is created from distance energy (Space =Energy) by relativistic effects help (specifically based on length contraction effect the distance energy give a birth for a matter) 5-Matter is relative to Light known velocity (0.3mkm/sec), (equation E=mc2 supports that). That's why our 5 senses (material senses) can't discover or realize any other light velocity than the known one (0.3mkm/sec) – and that's why the light known velocity (0.3mkm/sec) is the highest in our universe (Matter Universe) 6-Means… the light supposed velocity (1.16mkm/sec) is always around us but we can neither discover nor realize it because our senses are limited to the known one (0.3 mkm/sec) 7-Light known velocity (0.3mkm/sec) is produced from the original one (1.16 mkm/sec) (II) Energy Transportation 8-The Solar Group is created from one energy- this energy (light with supposed velocity 1.16 mkm/sec) creates Planets matters, orbital distances and the light known velocity (0.3mkm/sec) 9-The solar group is one trajectory of energy – and each planet is a point on this same trajectory – 10-That means the Energy is transported from point to another point through the solar system – and that explains Planets Data Dependency where all solar planets data is created relative to each other because they are created from one source (one energy) 11-Energy Transportation process should be a crucial proof for this theory –in this paper we should follow energy transportation process details to prove it. Primary Conclusion All Solar Planets Data Is Controlled By One Equation Only Because all planets data is created relative to each – where all data is created from the same source (the same energy) – i.e. All data is relative to each other and one Equation only controls all of them – i.e. (If I know this Equation and I know just Earth Diameter – as example-, based on this Equation I can conclude Uranus diameter, Mars axial tilt or even Pluto mass…. Any other data I can conclude this equation) In this Paper we follow the Energy Transportation process to prove it's a fact Also the paper tries to prove all previous hypotheses
Category: Astrophysics

[33] viXra:1908.0418 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 07:18:13

Black Hole Swallowing Neutron Star

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

Scientists, including from The Australian National University (ANU), say they have detected a black hole swallowing a neutron star for the first time. [10] Gravitational waves from the merger of a black hole and a neutron star may have been spotted for the first time by the LIGO and Virgo detectors. [9] Astrophysicists at Frankfurt, the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, and Nijmegen, collaborating in the project BlackHoleCam, answer this question by computing the first images of feeding non-Einsteinian black holes: it is presently hard to tell them apart from standard black holes. [8]
Category: Astrophysics

[32] viXra:1908.0415 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 10:27:26

Precession Cycle Effect

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 15 Pages.

Earth orbital distance =149.6 mkm – the light (0.3mkm/sec) needs around 500 seconds to pass this distance… Why? Paper Hypotheses Because (1)Solar Group is one Trajectory of Energy – through which the Energy transports from point to another (2)Pluto sends The Energy To Earth (3)Pluto motion depends on a period =500 seconds – using by light beam with velocity =1.16 mkm/sec (4)Earth motion depends on a period =500 seconds – using by light beam with velocity =0.3 mkm/sec (5)The period 500 seconds is sent with Pluto energy to Earth (6)The sending energy causes Pluto and Earth data harmony The paper tries to prove these facts
Category: Astrophysics

[31] viXra:1908.0408 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 00:57:26

Lab-Based Dark Energy Experiment

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

An experiment to test a popular theory of dark energy has found no evidence of new forces, placing strong constraints on related theories. [19] A NASA rocket experiment could use the Doppler effect to look for signs of dark matter in mysterious X-ray emissions from space. [18] CfA astronomers Annalisa Pillepich and Lars Hernquist and their colleagues compared gravitationally distorted Hubble images of the galaxy cluster Abell 2744 and two other clusters with the results of computer simulations of dark matter haloes. [17] In a paper published July 20 in the journal Physical Review Letters, an international team of cosmologists uses data from the intergalactic medium-the vast, largely empty space between galaxies-to narrow down what dark matter could be. [16] But a new hypothesis might have gotten us closer to figuring out its identity, because physicists now suspect that dark matter has been changing forms this whole time-from ghostly particles in the Universe's biggest structures, to a strange, superfluid state at smaller scales. And we might soon have the tools to confirm it. [15] Superfluids may exist inside neutron stars, and some researchers have speculated that space-time itself may be a superfluid. So why shouldn't dark matter have a superfluid phase, too? [14] "The best result on dark matter so far-and we just got started." This is how scientists behind XENON1T, now the most sensitive dark matter experiment worldwide , commented on their first result from a short 30-day run presented today to the scientific community. [13] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron-proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter. SIMPs would resolve certain discrepancies between simulations of the distribution of dark matter, like this one, and the observed properties of the galaxies. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[30] viXra:1908.0402 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 04:45:45

Merging Galaxies

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

In a new paper based on Ilustris simulated images of merger galaxies, the astronomers present a way to help identify when imaged systems are mergers. [11] Scientists, including from The Australian National University (ANU), say they have detected a black hole swallowing a neutron star for the first time. [10] Gravitational waves from the merger of a black hole and a neutron star may have been spotted for the first time by the LIGO and Virgo detectors. [9]
Category: Astrophysics

[29] viXra:1908.0369 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-17 07:14:23

Black Hole - Neutron Star Merger Spotted

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 22 Pages.

Gravitational waves from the merger of a black hole and a neutron star may have been spotted for the first time by the LIGO and Virgo detectors. [9] Astrophysicists at Frankfurt, the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, and Nijmegen, collaborating in the project BlackHoleCam, answer this question by computing the first images of feeding non-Einsteinian black holes: it is presently hard to tell them apart from standard black holes. [8] Using data from the first-ever gravitational waves detected last year, along with a theoretical analysis, physicists have shown that gravitational waves may oscillate between two different forms called "g" and "f"-type gravitational waves. [7]
Category: Astrophysics

[28] viXra:1908.0367 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-17 11:00:41

Matter Creation Principle (Part V)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 11 Pages.

Paper Main Idea: -Light with velocity 1.16 mkm/sec travels for 1 second only -This light motion energy causes a planet to move for 1 solar day -(Specifically) Light Motion for 1 second causes Pluto to move 1 solar day -Pluto motion for 1 solar day causes Solar Planets Creation Process -Pluto moves -during a solar day- a distance = 406000 km -That's why Pluto Motion Daily =406000 km = Solar Planets Diameters Total Based on this description … (light motion for 1 second =1.16mkm) / (Pluto motion for 1 solar day =0.406mkm) = A Conclusion The Rate (A=2.8571) Controls Solar Group Basic Data
Category: Astrophysics

[27] viXra:1908.0354 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 08:41:57

Spallation Vacuum Innovation

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 27 Pages.

A new generation of neutron sources is providing scientists with unprecedented power to probe the structure and properties of materials ranging from biomolecules through to superconductors. [14] Coupled with SNS, the world's most powerful pulsed accelerator-based neutron source, VENUS will be the only open research facility platform in the US to provide time-of-flight neutron imaging capabilities to users from academia and industry. [13] A spallation neutron source has been used by physicists in Japan to search for possible violations of the inverse square law of gravity. [12] Physicists have proposed a way to test quantum gravity that, in principle, could be performed by a laser-based, table-top experiment using currently available technology. [11] Now however, a new type of materials, the so-called Weyl semimetals, similar to 3-D graphene, allow us to put the symmetry destructing quantum anomaly to work in everyday phenomena, such as the creation of electric current. [10] Physicist Professor Chunnong Zhao and his recent PhD students Haixing Miao and Yiqiu Ma are members of an international team that has created a particularly exciting new design for gravitational wave detectors. [9] A proposal for a gravitational-wave detector made of two space-based atomic clocks has been unveiled by physicists in the US. [8] The gravitational waves were detected by both of the twin Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) detectors, located in Livingston, Louisiana, and Hanford, Washington, USA. [7] A team of researchers with the University of Lisbon has created simulations that indicate that the gravitational waves detected by researchers with the LIGO project, and which are believed to have come about due to two black holes colliding, could just have easily come from another object such as a gravaster (objects which are believed to have their insides made of dark energy) or even a wormhole. In their paper published in Physical Review Letters, the team describes the simulations they created, what was seen and what they are hoping to find in the future. [6] In a landmark discovery for physics and astronomy, international scientists said Thursday they have glimpsed the first direct evidence of gravitational waves, or ripples in space-time, which Albert Einstein predicted a century ago. [5] Scientists at the National Institute for Space Research in Brazil say an undiscovered type of matter could be found in neutron stars (illustration shown). Here matter is so dense that it could be 'squashed' into strange matter. This would create an entire 'strange star'-unlike anything we have seen. [4] The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the electromagnetic inertia, the changing relativistic mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions.
Category: Astrophysics

[26] viXra:1908.0352 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 09:22:30

Superfluid Layers Within Neutron Star

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

New insights into the inner structure of rapidly-rotating neutron stars have been gleaned by astronomers in Australia and Canada, who have studied the time evolution of a glitch – a sudden increase in the rate of stellar rotation. [10] Gravitational waves from the merger of a black hole and a neutron star may have been spotted for the first time by the LIGO and Virgo detectors. [9] Astrophysicists at Frankfurt, the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, and Nijmegen, collaborating in the project BlackHoleCam, answer this question by computing the first images of feeding non-Einsteinian black holes: it is presently hard to tell them apart from standard black holes. [8]
Category: Astrophysics

[25] viXra:1908.0334 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-17 03:45:40

Space Curvature and Shnoll Effect

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 6 pages, 2 figures

Experimental results obtained during 1954–2014 by Simon E. Shnoll show that the fine structure of distributions of amplitude fluctuations in different processes depends on the position of the Earth with respect to other celestial bodies. The phenomenon includes all processes from biochemical reactions to alpha-decay of nucleons, from the noise of electric networks to random number generators. Until now this phenomenon has not been explained. This article discloses that the cause of the Shnoll effect is the curvature of space which depends on the Earth’s position in cosmic space.
Category: Astrophysics

[24] viXra:1908.0289 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-15 10:43:17

Matter Creation Principle (Part IV)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 14 Pages.

Let's remember our main argument in this papers series "Matter Creation Principle" I have claimed the following: (1)Light with velocity 1.16 mkm/sec travels for 1 second period only (2)Light Motion for 1Second causes Planet to move for 1 solar day (3)Based on Planet motion for 1 solar day – Solar Planets are created… (4)Specifically – Pluto motion for 1 solar day is a result of light motion for 1 second period (light velocity =1.16 mkm/sec) and based on Pluto motion for 1 solar day – the planets diameters are created that's why Pluto Motion Distance Daily = 406000 km= Planets Diameters Total But (5)We have discovered that Earth Moon Orbit defines solar Planets diameters Where a.Apogee Radius = Solar Planets Diameters Total b.Perigee Radius = Outer Planets Diameters Total c.Apogee–Perigee Distance =inner planets diameters total =Earth Circumference (6)Based on the previous data we have concluded that (1st Conclusion) Pluto and Earth Moon together effect on Solar Planets Diameters Creation process (2nd Conclusion) light beam with velocity 1.16 mkm/sec is sent from Pluto to Earth causes the Earth Axial Tilt (23.45 degrees) Also (7)We have discovered that 2 Jupiter Diameters +1 Saturn Diameter = Solar Planets Diameters Total =406000 km (8)i.e. Jupiter Diameter = 8 Planets Diameters Total (9)These relationships are depended also on light beam velocity 1.16 mkm /sec What we need to do in this paper? The previous claim is a heavy one, so we need to discuss (1st) More Proves & Details (2nd) How does this machine work? Let's start immediately… Please Note Paper Methodology is mentioned in "Matter Creation Principle (Part III)"
Category: Astrophysics

[23] viXra:1908.0287 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-15 13:34:56

Energy Fields of the Planets.

Authors: Brian Strom
Comments: 8 Pages.

The forces of nature are reviewed and analyzed from first principles, without any pre-conceptions. The review is based on the earlier analysis of Energy Fields around conductors, solenoids, permanent magnets and rotating bodies [1][2]. Here we continue the analysis of interactions between Rotational energy fields. The proposals may provide an alternative explanation for the "magnetic" fields of the Planets of our Solar System.
Category: Astrophysics

[22] viXra:1908.0264 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-12 08:43:44

Dark Matter Detector Search for Gold

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

A method for locating seams of gold and other heavy metals is the unlikely spin-off of Swinburne's involvement in a huge experiment to detect dark matter down a mine in Stawell, Victoria. [28] The key component of the LUX-ZEPLIN experiment is ready to be sealed and lowered nearly 1.5 km underground, where it will search for dark matter. [27] Among the potential candidates that come into question are weakly interacting massive particles or WIMPs. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] "We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit." [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter-the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20]
Category: Astrophysics

[21] viXra:1908.0263 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-12 09:36:08

War Around Gravity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 26 Pages.

In the summer of 2009, theoretical physicist Erik Verlinde had a brainwave that developed into a radical new idea about gravity and the universe as an ocean of information. Ten years later, the last word about this has not yet been said. [21] An international research team including astronomers from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, has combined radio telescopes from five continents to prove the existence of a narrow stream of material, a so-called jet, emerging from the only gravitational wave event involving two neutron stars ever observed. [20] The improvement will see the twin observatories-located near Hanford, Washington and Livingston, Louisiana in the US-double their sensitivity to gravitational waves. [19] A group of scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) at the University of Copenhagen will soon start developing a new line of technical equipment in order to dramatically improve gravitational wave detectors. [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called "dark photons" in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron-proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[20] viXra:1908.0257 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-12 14:56:28

Matter Creation Principle (Part III)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 13 Pages.

Matter Creation Principle (Part III) Abstract Paper Hypothesis There's a light beam its velocity 1.16 mkm/sec travels from Pluto to Earth Axis which creates the connection between Pluto on one side and Earth with her Moon on the other Side Based on this connection Pluto and the Moon orbit effect on Solar Planets Creation Process This hypothesis depends on Solar System General Principle -Solar group geometrical structure depends on energy of light beam motion (its velocity 1.16 mkm/sec) for one second period -Light motion (1.16 mkm/sec) for 1 second period causes Planet to move for 1 solar day..
Category: Astrophysics

[19] viXra:1908.0229 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-12 03:11:48

Predictions for Elementary Particles and Explanations for Data About Dark Matter, Dark Energy, and Galaxies

Authors: Thomas J. Buckholtz
Comments: 57 pages

We suggest descriptions for new elementary particles, dark matter, and dark energy. We use those descriptions to explain data regarding dark matter effects, dark energy effects, and galaxy evolution. We use mathematics-based models that feature objects and, originally, de-emphasize motion. The models, descriptions, and explanations add to traditional physics, provide clarity regarding aspects of nature for which people point to possible inadequacies in traditional physics models, and embrace traditional physics models in realms for which people have validated traditional physics models.
Category: Astrophysics

[18] viXra:1908.0222 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-12 05:44:59

A `constant Lagrangian' RMW-RSS Quantified Fit of the Galaxy Rotation Curves of the Complete Sparc Database of 175 LTG Galaxies.

Authors: E.P.J. de Haas
Comments: 69 Pages.

In this paper I categorize and analyze the `constant Lagrangian' model fits I made of the complete SPARC database of 175 LTG galaxies. The difference with the previous papers is the application of the RMWRSS (Root Mean Weighted Residual Sum of Squares) method to quantify the quality of the fit, using a continuous curve. Of the 175 galaxies, 77 allowed a single fit rotation curve, so about 44 percent. Another 18 galaxies could almost be plotted on a single fit. Then 13 galaxies could be fitted really nice on crossing dual curves. The reason for the appearance of this dual curve, in its two versions, could be given and related to the galactic constitution and dynamics. From then on, the fitting got more and more complex. So I got a 44 percent positive rate for a direct fit of the measured rotation curves on the prime model. This result rules out stochastic coincidence as an explanation of those fits.
Category: Astrophysics

[17] viXra:1908.0206 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-11 07:39:23

Matter Creation Principle (Part II)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 8 Pages.

Paper Hypotheses (1) Pluto Motion For One Solar Day depends On energy of light motion for 1 second (light velocity= 1.16 mkm /sec) (2) Earth Moon is Created relative to Light Energy (i.e. relative to light velocity) (3) Pluto and Earth Moon are basic players in Solar Planets Diameters Creation Process The paper tries to prove these hypotheses
Category: Astrophysics

[16] viXra:1908.0196 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-10 10:26:38

Matter Creation Principle

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 5 Pages.

Matter Creation Principle The Matter is Created of Space Energy based on Lorentz length contraction phenomenon. Principle Explanation: -The matter is created of Energy as Equation E=mc2 tells us -Space = Energy (My Hypothesis) -Lorentz length contraction phenomenon (as relativistic effect) causes to concentrate the energy because the length contraction decreases the volume with the same energy content… -The matter is created of energy based on quantized measurements – as we have seen in double production experiment – Gamma rays 1.2 Mev can produce electron and positron… but Gamma Rays 1 Mev can't because the matter production depends on quantized measurements -So the Space Energy is concentrated by Length contraction effect but this concentrated Energy can't produce Matter unless the energy reach to the required quantum – Based on this concept the solar planets are created depending on Energy of Pluto Motion Distance for 1 day – This paper tries to prove this idea
Category: Astrophysics

[15] viXra:1908.0194 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-10 12:42:04

Mathematics of the Cosmos

Authors: Brian Strom
Comments: 10 Pages.

The forces of nature are reviewed and analyzed from first principles, without any pre-conceptions. The review is based on the earlier analysis of Energy Fields around conductors, solenoids, permanent magnets and rotating bodies [1]. Here we continue the analysis of interactions between Potential energy fields, Orbital energy fields and Rotational energy fields. The proposals may provide an explanation for the forces within the cosmos - including the so-called ‘fifth’ force.
Category: Astrophysics

[14] viXra:1908.0180 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-09 03:12:11

Spiral Galaxies Without Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 36 Pages.

We think that the "morphogenic field" Kepler was seeking really does exist, and is actually the effect of the intertwining of information and entropy. After four long centuries, it seems Kepler has finally been vindicated. [31] Vast interstellar events where clouds of charged matter hurtle into each other and spew out high-energy particles have now been reproduced in the lab with high fidelity. [30] The current detection suggests that many other such events will be detected in the future and will continue to shed light on this cosmic mystery. [29]
Category: Astrophysics

[13] viXra:1908.0164 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-09 17:59:58

Solar System Energy Trajectory

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 13 Pages.

Solar Group Creation And Motion (A description which this paper tries to prove) 1-The Solar System Is created of one energy only - this one energy travels through the solar group from point to another point – creating the planet matter (because E=mc2) and planet orbital distance (because Space = Energy- My Hypothesis). 2-The Solar System Main Energy starts from Jupiter and travels to Pluto (from this energy Neptune orbital circumference is created consuming 16% of the total energy) 3-Neptune reflects the rest of energy toward the inner planets into 2 equal trajectories of energy 4-The Energy is sent from Neptune (and Pluto) to Mercury 5-Energy is sent from Mercury to Saturn 6-Pluto Motion specifically for 1 solar day depends on light motion for 1 second (where this moving light velocity =1.16 mkm/sec – my hypothesis) – that means – 1 second of light motion causes Pluto to move 1 solar day 7-Solar group is created based on Pluto motion for 1 solar day (solar planets diameters total = 406000km= Pluto motion for 1 solar day) 8-Planets motions energies accumulations with 2 other factor effects – lead to produce the sun light beams… these 2 factors are a.The sun rate of time is different from Earth one b.Jupiter Energy Interaction with the planets velocities total 9-i.e. Planets Motions energies total produce the sun rays based on changing the sun rate of time and the interaction with Jupiter energy 10-The produce light beam will be 0.3 mkm/second but the original one is 1.16 mkm/sec – for that – the value 0.3 will multiply with 4……(0.3x4 =1.2 mkm/sec from this value the original light beam 1.16 mkm/sec is produced) (Why it multiplies with 4 - because earth has a cycle of 4 years – 1461 days) 11-The final product will be 1.16 mkm/sec moves for 1 second only to repeat the cycle for tomorrow…
Category: Astrophysics

[12] viXra:1908.0159 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-10 01:36:29

Black Holes Nursery

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

Gravitational wave researchers at the University of Birmingham have developed a new model that could help astronomers track down the origin of heavy black hole systems in the Universe. [24] Data from ESA's XMM-Newton X-ray observatory has revealed how supermassive black holes shape their host galaxies with powerful winds that sweep away interstellar matter. [23] In short, the concept of a black hole gravity machine presents humanity with a plausible path to becoming an interstellar species. In the meantime, the study of the concept will provide SETI researchers with another possible technosignature to look for. [22] Physicists have used a seven-qubit quantum computer to simulate the scrambling of information inside a black hole, heralding a future in which entangled quantum bits might be used to probe the mysterious interiors of these bizarre objects. [21] Rotating black holes and computers that use quantum-mechanical phenomena to process information are topics that have fascinated science lovers for decades, but even the most innovative thinkers rarely put them together. [20]
Category: Astrophysics

[11] viXra:1908.0147 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-08 07:37:36

Dark Matter Older than Big-Bang

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

The study, published August 7 in Physical Review Letters, presents a new idea of how dark matter was born and how to identify it with astronomical observations. [28] The key component of the LUX-ZEPLIN experiment is ready to be sealed and lowered nearly 1.5 km underground, where it will search for dark matter. [27] Among the potential candidates that come into question are weakly interacting massive particles or WIMPs. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] "We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit." [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter-the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20]
Category: Astrophysics

[10] viXra:1908.0134 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-07 11:19:32

Next-Generation Dark Matter Detector

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

The key component of the LUX-ZEPLIN experiment is ready to be sealed and lowered nearly 1.5 km underground, where it will search for dark matter. [27] Among the potential candidates that come into question are weakly interacting massive particles or WIMPs. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] "We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit." [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter-the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20] Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in Germany have now come up with a new theory on how dark matter may have been formed shortly after the origin of the universe. [19] Map of dark matter made from gravitational lensing measurements of 26 million galaxies in the Dark Energy Survey. [18]
Category: Astrophysics

[9] viXra:1908.0132 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-07 12:37:39

Astrophysical Shock in Laboratory

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

Vast interstellar events where clouds of charged matter hurtle into each other and spew out high-energy particles have now been reproduced in the lab with high fidelity. [30] The current detection suggests that many other such events will be detected in the future and will continue to shed light on this cosmic mystery. [29] In this week's Chaos, Tamás Kovács delivers an alternative method for stability analysis of exoplanetary bodies using only the observed time series data to deduce dynamical measurements and quantify the unpredictability of exoplanet systems. [28] Now experiments led by researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) in the Princeton Center for Heliophysics have for the first time reproduced the process behind the source of such shocks. [27]
Category: Astrophysics

[8] viXra:1908.0126 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-07 21:36:05

Solar System Motion Principle

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 20 Pages.

How the Solar Group is Created? Let's summarize it in following (The Next Story is hypothesis which we try to prove in this paper) (Part I) 1-A light beam with velocity 1.16 mkm travels for 1 second Based on this light energy Pluto is created and moves for one complete day (light motion for one second causes planet motion for one complete solar day) 2-Based on Pluto motion for one solar day – the solar group is created A simplified proof Pluto Motion Daily =406000 Km = Solar Planets Diameters Total i.e. Energy of Pluto Motion for one solar day (406000km) is used to produce planets diameters (at first) and based on these diameters, the planets distances, masses and other data are created…. So Based on Pluto motion for one solar day the solar group is created and move 3-All planets revolve around the sun in the same direction i.e. the velocities summation is possible (Part II) 4-Planets Motions Energies are accumulated with help of other factors to produce light velocity i.e. Planets Motions Mechanical waves will be accumulated and transformed into light waves (sun rays are produced by planets motions energies accumulation) 5-The produced light continuous for one solar day for us – but it's just one second period relative to the original light beam (because light motion for 1 second causes plant motion for 1 day) 6-The produced light (0.3mkm/sec) needs to multiply with 4 (0.3x 4= 1.2 from which 1.16mkm/sec is produced) – why multiply with 4? Because Earth has a cycle (365 days +365 days +365 days +366 days =1461 days) – and light production process depends on the different rates of time between Earth and the sun (1: 365) 7-The new light beam (1.16mkm/sec) will do the same job for tomorrow (means …. A light beam with velocity 1.16 mkm travels for 1 second….. the cycle is repeating daily) 8-The solar group geometrical structure depends on the solar day as a time period 9-So the solar group original light is 1.16 mkm/sec – how the known light velocity 0.3mkm/sec is created? Based on the Equation (1.16 mkm/sec – 0.3 mkm/sec) /0.3 mkm/sec = A Where A = (1.16 mkm / 0.406mkm) Please review Solar System Geometry (Summarized Discussion Part 4) Where we found that the rate A controls the basic Data in the solar group
Category: Astrophysics

[7] viXra:1908.0105 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-06 10:23:12

Solar System Geometry (Summarized Discussion Part 4)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 18 Pages.

Abstract Solar System General Principle Solar System Geometrical Structure depends On Energy Of Light Motion For 1 Second Period Paper Hypotheses Hypothesis No.1 Solar group geometrical structure depends on energy of light motion for 1 second period Hypothesis No.2 1 second period of light motion causes the planet to move for a solar day period Hypotheses Explanation -The whole solar group depends on energy = light beam motion for 1 second only – that means – planets masses, diameters, orbital distances and all other data all of them are created depending the energy of 1 second motion done by light beam -Light motion for one 1 second period provides energy enough to move the planet for a period = 1 solar day i.e. -The Solar Group Building Unit Depends On The Solar Day Period 1- Introduction -The solar group building depends on energy of 1 second of light motion – this 1 second motion of light will be seen on the planet as a motion continuous for 1 complete solar day -That means the solar group building unit is the second for the light beam motion. -The hypothesis tells us that 1 second of light motion = 1 day of planet motion So -Based on any planet motion for one day the solar group is created? -Solar group is consisted of 9 planets – let's use their diameters as example- solar planets diameters total = 2 Jupiter diameters + 1 Saturn diameter = 406000km -What planet moves daily 406000 km ? Pluto -So 1 second motion of light beam is seen in Pluto motion in one complete solar day -And based on Pluto motion for 1 solar day the solar group is created! Can that be possible? -Of course yes for 2 reasons (1)because Jupiter sends its energy to Pluto – where this energy is the solar group main energy – and from this energy Neptune orbital circumference is created and the rest of energy Neptune reflected to the inner planets as we have discussed before and we'll review the details of this process in this paper. (2)Also because 86400 mkm (solar group main energy) = (71)2x 17.2 mkm and we know that 17.2mkm =17.2 degrees where Pluto orbital inclination =17.2 degrees –(71 is the length contraction effect rate As we have discussed) that means the energy is concentrated in Pluto Orbital Inclination (means Energy is concentrated in Pluto data) That makes the conclusion somehow correct – in fact – based on Pluto motion for 1 solar day the solar group is created We will prove that in point no. 4 of this paper – But now we need to know the light beam….! We have supposed that the motion is done in double (light motion with planet motion) Now the planet is Pluto moves for one solar day – we need to know the light beam who moves for 1 second I have supposed Jupiter energy is in light beam form its velocity =1.16mkm/sec So The light travels 1.16 million during 1 second And Pluto moves 0.406 mkm during 1 solar day And the rate A= (1.16/0.406)=2.85714 Based on this rate the solar group is created … The paper tries to prove this fact
Category: Astrophysics

[6] viXra:1908.0065 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-05 06:21:38

Warm Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

Detailed new maps of the distribution of hydrogen gas absorption could be used to support-or exclude-this warm dark matter possibility (see the figure), and shed light on this mysterious cosmic component. [28] Dr. Wojciech Hellwing, coordinator of the project and Research Fellow at the Centre for Theoretical Physics of the Polish Academy of Sciences, discusses the project's findings so far. [27] Among the potential candidates that come into question are weakly interacting massive particles or WIMPs. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] "We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit." [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter-the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20]
Category: Astrophysics

[5] viXra:1908.0046 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-02 08:18:25

Dark Energy or Modified Gravity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

Dr. Wojciech Hellwing, coordinator of the project and Research Fellow at the Centre for Theoretical Physics of the Polish Academy of Sciences, discusses the project's findings so far. [27] Among the potential candidates that come into question are weakly interacting massive particles or WIMPs. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] "We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit." [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter-the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20] Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in Germany have now come up with a new theory on how dark matter may have been formed shortly after the origin of the universe. [19]
Category: Astrophysics

[4] viXra:1908.0037 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-02 22:26:13

Solar System Geometry (Summarized Discussion - Part 2)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 14 Pages.

Paper Hypothesis The Sun Rays Is Produced By Planets Motions Energies Accumulations The paper tries to prove this fact Solar Group Alternative Description 1-The solar group is one trajectory of Energy and each planet is a point on this same trajectory …i.e. 2-The Solar Group is One Building and each planet is a part of this same building- 3-Also The solar group is similar to a train and each planet is a carriage of it. 4-Also the solar group can be similar to one body, and each planet is a member in it 5-Also, The solar group can be similar to one machine, each planet is a gear in it 6-Planet moves with all other planets together as a train moves with all carriages – Description Basic Concept Planets cooperation and integration is the reason of their existence and motions. How to understand that? WE know that the matter is created of Energy (E=mc2) – but How The Space Is Created? I suppose the Space is created of Energy also… (Space = Energy) So the matter and space both are created from the same energy.. Can that be possible? Energy has different forms (sun rays – nuclear interactions – oil- food ..etc) Different forms for same content, i.e. it's possible to create matter & space of energy Another Example In double slit experiment (Young Experiment) – the light coherence produced bright and dark fringes –regardless the experiment explanation – the experiment tells "when one input is used (light)–outputs can be in 2 different forms (bright and dark fringes)" The Solar Group Creation I suppose the solar group is one energy creates the planet matter and orbital distance – so this same energy passes through the whole group to create all solar planets and their orbital distances from the same energy where this energy creates all planets data complementary to each other because all of them are created from the same source. Shortly The solar group is one thread – as one necklace – all solar planets and their distances are created from one energy to be complementary to each other- and that's why the planets data analysis shows the solar planets dependency.
Category: Astrophysics

[3] viXra:1908.0024 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-01 07:33:47

Gamma-Ray Bursts from Space Decoded

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

The current detection suggests that many other such events will be detected in the future and will continue to shed light on this cosmic mystery. [29] In this week's Chaos, Tamás Kovács delivers an alternative method for stability analysis of exoplanetary bodies using only the observed time series data to deduce dynamical measurements and quantify the unpredictability of exoplanet systems. [28] Now experiments led by researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) in the Princeton Center for Heliophysics have for the first time reproduced the process behind the source of such shocks. [27]
Category: Astrophysics

[2] viXra:1908.0021 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-01 09:42:11

Flight by Light Mission

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

Mission accomplished: the Planetary Society announced Wednesday that its LightSail 2 spacecraft, which was launched last month, had successfully raised its orbit using only the power of photons from the Sun. [30] The current detection suggests that many other such events will be detected in the future and will continue to shed light on this cosmic mystery. [29] In this week's Chaos, Tamás Kovács delivers an alternative method for stability analysis of exoplanetary bodies using only the observed time series data to deduce dynamical measurements and quantify the unpredictability of exoplanet systems. [28]
Category: Astrophysics

[1] viXra:1908.0016 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-01 17:56:58

Solar System Geometry (Summarized Discussion)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 26 Pages.

The Solar Group Geometrical Basic Features: 1-The Solar Group is One Trajectory of Energy and Each Planet is A point on it 2-The sun light is produced by accumulation of planets motions energies and transformation the mechanical waves into light waves 3-Solar Planets Data are created relative to each other 4-There Are relativistic effects in the solar group 5-The unit definition is relative and can change according to the observer situation This paper discusses and tries to prove the previous features
Category: Astrophysics