Authors: José Francisco García Juliá
Comments: 5 Pages.
A reasonable explanation of both redshifts: cosmological (without expansion of the
universe) and intrinsic, is given using a single tired light mechanism. In the first case,
the redshift is produced because the light interacts with microwaves. In the second, the
interaction is with radio waves. And all this is compatible with a static universe with a
space temperature of 2.7 oK.
Authors: Henry D. May
Comments: 7 pages
In Part I of this paper  it was proposed that a static electric potential of about +800 MV is
present in the heliosphere, sustained by the continual inflow of galactic cosmic ray (GCR) protons. Charge
neutralization cannot occur because the solar wind and magnetic fields allow more protons than electrons to
pass through the termination shock (TS) deeply into the heliosphere. The result is a quasi-static electric field,
at dynamic equilibrium, inside the heliosphere. This paper adds some important details that were not
included in Part I, and makes some clarifications. The presence of the heliospheric electric field opens up the
possibility of accounting for the Pioneer Anomaly, and also the anomalous cosmic rays, as caused by electric
Authors: Ashwini Kumar Lal
Comments: 10 pages, 2 figures, new hypothesis for gravitation ; 'Published in International Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics (USA) , 2011, vol.1, no. 2, pp. 62-66'
Study of the interiors of the various terrestrial planets, as presented in the
paper, leads to the possibility of planetary gravity being linked to the
electromagnetism generated in the planetary interiors. Findings of the study
undertaken suggest that Earth’s gravitational attraction may be attributed to
magnetic coupling experienced between Earth's electromagnetism and all the
earthly objects – electrically charged or uncharged. More precisely, terrestrial
gravity is deemed to be outcome of the bound state of the planetary
Authors: Ashwini Kumar Lal
Comments: 26 pages, 5 figures, minor modification, published in 'Journal of Cosmology' (USA), 2010,Vol.6, pp.1533-1547
Inflationary Hot Big Bang Model is the generally accepted theory for the origin of the universe. Nonetheless, findings of the observational astronomy as also the revelations in the field of fundamental physics over the past two decades question validity of the 'Big Bang' model as a viable theory for the origin of the universe. This paper examines a few of the various factors which undermine the Big Bang theory, including the organization of galactic superstructures, the Cosmic Microwave Background, redshifts, distant galaxies,age of local galaxies, and the gravitational waves.
Authors: Gil Raviv
Comments: 255 Pages.
The theory presented here, entitled the theory of unified gravitation, holds that the nuclear strong interaction and gravitation are one and the same force. Detailed and relatively simple mathematics are shown to lead to an explicit strong/gravitational force equation that relies on only three independent parameters, identical to the parameters used in Newton's gravitational theory. The theory is applied on various distance scales to explain a broad range of phenomena, and is shown to provide an unparalleled level of agreement with observations, without requiring an assumption of dark matter, dark energy or inflation. Most notable is its ability to reproduce the morphologies of various types of galaxies and nebulae, as well as the complex structure of Saturn's main body of rings. Additional large-scale phenomena explained by unified gravitation include