Astrophysics

1911 Submissions

[19] viXra:1911.0280 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-16 17:23:15

Simultaneity Role in The Solar System (SR Discussions)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 16 Pages.

One of the basic difficulties I have faced with the Special Theory of Relativity….is What's happened on the next day after the relativistic effects?! We know L0 will be contracted and be L1 - and t0 will be longer t1 – also m0 will be greater m1 But how these values will live their rest of lives?! Imagine we have a rectangle its length L0 now if this length be contracted by lorentz length contraction phenomenon to become L1 – is this new length will work as the rectangle length or this position will change….? Shortly How the relativistic system will cooperate with the non-relativistic one? Special Theory of relativity gives us a short information – it's a story for what's happening in accident – but what will happen after?…. we don't know! Now I wish to write my conclusion how Einstein created this theory…. While Einstein depends on hundreds of electrodynamics experimental results and many of new discoveries in particle motion analysis – he had a very hard job to find the cooperation point between all this material – In addition to his incredible brilliant intelligence – he was so brave warrior to accept such heavy job to do The theory gives us incomplete picture –because – he didn't allow himself to provide imagination has no proves – so he provided the facts which are proved by experiments and their direct conclusions with so deep insights Now this is almost the electrodynamics apex capacity – means – this is the highest result can reach by the 5 senses experiments – instead we have to use Data Analysis to see much deeper We simply ask why they didn't use the data analysis? The difficulty here is in the experiment meaning in itself… Because we don't know how the matter is created?, we don't really know the experiment tools which we use – Einstein told us that – we even didn't know how to use the time and distance values which we measure in labs that because we have wrong definitions about them Shortly If we search for a system in which a relativistic dimension has cooperation with non-relativistic one- so this system we can't be created in experiments – we have to find it in the nature itself – Clearly we can't create such system – basically because we have no the required sufficient knowledge to do I provide a clear claim here– I claim that the solar system has relativistic effects – and because the system works sufficiently – we conclude that the relativistic dimension cooperates with the non-relativistic one perfectly- and they consist together the solar system – This idea gives us a chance to a new-approach analysis for the theory– let's start in following Gerges Francis Tawdrous +201022532292
Category: Astrophysics

[18] viXra:1911.0243 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-14 01:16:00

Antimatter and Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 57 Pages.

Thinking that they might be, scientists from the international BASE collaboration, led by Stefan Ulmer of the RIKEN Cluster for Pioneering Research, and collaborators have performed the first laboratory experiments to determine whether a slightly different way in which matter and antimatter interact with dark matter might be a key to solving both mysteries. [34] Our universe could be the mirror image of an antimatter universe extending backwards in time before the Big Bang. [33] "As you celebrate New Year's Day, cast an eye upward and think for a moment about the amazing things our country and our species can do when we set our minds to it," Stern wrote in the New York Times on Monday. [32]
Category: Astrophysics

[17] viXra:1911.0241 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-13 10:34:46

The Shape of the Universe

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 60 Pages.

Therefore, the most interesting result of our paper is not that the universe appears to be curved rather than flat, but the fact that it may force us to rearrange the pieces of the cosmic puzzle in a completely different way. [32] Now physicists at MIT, Kenyon College, and elsewhere have simulated in detail an intermediary phase of the early universe that may have bridged cosmic inflation with the Big Bang. [31] At the Japanese Research Center for Particle Physics KEK, the new particle accelerator experiment Belle II started operation after eight years of construction. [30]
Category: Astrophysics

[16] viXra:1911.0234 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-13 16:43:54

Lorentz Length Contraction Analysis (SR Discussions) (Part III)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 15 Pages.

Lorentz Length Contraction Is A Real Phenomenon Done For Particle Own Length And Cause To Be Contracted. Gerges Francis Tawdrous +201022532292
Category: Astrophysics

[15] viXra:1911.0222 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-12 13:28:39

Dark Baryonic and Dark Gravitational as Solution for D.M. in M33

Authors: M. Abarca
Comments: 25 Pages.

After the success of the DG theory explaining the data known for DM in M31 and Milky Way and published in [1] Abarca,M., it is right to check the same theory in M33, because DG theory aims to be a universal theory as it is based on a quantum gravitation effect. Taking as starting point the remarkable rotation curve of Corbelli,E , and applying DG theory it has been possible to show that DG matter in M33 cannot explain the total amount of DM needed to justify the rotation curve of M33. Therefore, it has been postulated that the extra amount of DM is dark baryon. Even such mass has been estimated roughly. Similarly, thanks a rotation curve of LMC got by Vasiliev,E. and applying DG theory has been demonstrated that in LMC there is a DM proportion at least four times bigger than such proportion in MW. Therefore in order to preserve the DG theory as universal based on a property of gravitational propagation, it has been postulated the existence of an important amount of dark baryonic. Consequently this conclusion arises an extraordinary test to check the DG theory. Currently, it has been published a method called nanolensing which might be applied to search a type of dark baryon called SULCOs (Sub Lunar Compact Object) in Milky Way and LMC. Possibly, it could be made measures of DB in the Milky Way and LMC in a close future. If measures backed the proportion of DB predicted by the theory then DG theory would be a real theory able to explain DG as a universal law. A second important result showed in the paper is related to the concept of Dark Gravitational mass, DG, because according the theory, the calculus of DG mass has to be extended up to the distance where is placed the interacting system. For example, when it is studied the interaction between M33 and M31, the distance to calculate the DG mass has to be 220 kpc, not only for DG mass of M33 but also for M31, whereas when it is studied the interaction between MW and M31 then both DG masses has to be calculated for a distance of 770 kpc. By DG theory has been found a lower bound for total masses of M33 and LMC. It has not been possible to calculate a more accurate value of masses for both galaxies because the rotation curve published are a bit short and even at the furthest radius of rotation curve, the proportion of baryonic matter versus DG mass is too high to be neglected. Consequently the parameter C, which is the initial condition of a Bernoulli differential equation, cannot be calculated properly. It would be suitable new measures of rotation curves of M33 especially for radius bigger than 23 kpc in order to calculate parameter C with more accuracy. It worth to highlight an interesting property of DG mass formula, which is that its value tends to a finite value, Mo, as variable X grows indefinitely. Physically is important that mass does not tend to infinite. However the NFW formula for mass tends to infinite as x grows, so it is only right inside a bounded halo dominion. Similarly it happens with Burkert DM mass, which is unbounded as x grows. Another important result got in this paper is a very good estimation of Local Group total mass. According [13]Fattahi & Navarro the dynamical mass at 3 Mpc in the Local Group gives a mass of 10^13 Msun. Calculus made with DG theory at such distance gives a total mass bigger than 7*10^12 Msun, when it is considered M31, M33, Milky Way and LMC, obviously when is added the total mass of the rest of dwarfs galaxies of Local Group the total mass will be even more close to the value estimated by Fattahi & Navarro. There is no doubt that this is a magnificent result for DG theory.
Category: Astrophysics

[14] viXra:1911.0205 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-11 19:04:20

Lorentz Length Contraction Analysis (SR Discussions) (Part II)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 4 Pages.

Paper Hypothesis Human Realization process Is The Universe Reference Point
Category: Astrophysics

[13] viXra:1911.0193 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-11 10:06:30

CERN Cosmic-Ray Showers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

Cosmic rays are particles from outer space, typically protons, travelling at almost the speed of light. When the most energetic of these particles strike the atmosphere of our planet, they interact with atomic nuclei in the atmosphere and produce cascades of secondary particles that shower down to the Earth's surface. [31] Europe's physics lab CERN on Tuesday said it was planning a new experiment to look for particles associated with dark matter which is believed to make up some 27 percent of the universe. [30]
Category: Astrophysics

[12] viXra:1911.0186 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-12 18:58:52

Tutorial: Binary Star Masses from Newton's Laws

Authors: Steven Kenneth Kauffmann
Comments: 4 Pages.

By Newton's Third Law the gravitational forces on the two stars of a binary system are equal and opposite, so the acceleration of each star is inversely proportional to its mass, which yields the ratio of the two stars' masses. However the difference of the two stars' gravitational accelerations is proportional to the sum of their masses; it is also inversely proportional to the square of their vector separation, so that vector separation traces out an elliptical orbit. The orbit's period plus its major axis length yields the sum of the stars' masses. The complete orbit isn't required; five or more of the points which lie on an ellipse determine it, and the orbit sweeps out the area enclosed by the ellipse at a constant rate.
Category: Astrophysics

[11] viXra:1911.0181 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 16:00:44

Lorentz Length Contraction Analysis (SR Discussions)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 5 Pages.

Particle Nature (Definition) depends On Light Velocity 1- Particle Nature Absolute Meaning Special theory of relativity states that If a particle (with length L0) travels by speed of light (approximately), it will suffer from Lorentz length contraction and be seen with a contracted length (L1) So – the question is - "What's happened For The Particle Own Nature?" The theory states "The Proper Length L0 Never Change"! We have 2 directions to choose from: (1st) to accept the idea that – the particle own nature doesn't change and the contracted length is seen by us as a wrong vision (as mirage) but the particle length itself has no real change Or (2nd) to accept the idea that – the particle own nature changes with this motion – and by such way – the particle nature should be created relative to speed of light! I choose the 2nd choice- Why? Because – the 1st choice tells us that – The particle own nature is defined clearly when no difference in motions velocities between me and this particle – that means – I'm The Universe Reference Point – and this is similar to a person looks at a mirror Specifically for the previous reason we should refuse the assumption that "Particle Own Nature doesn't Change" or the statement "The Proper Length L0 Never Change"…. In fact ….Particle length is changed already Let's consider this point with some deep analysis in following: We deal here with the assumption "Particle length doesn’t change and the contracted length is only an imaginary vision" How do we measure the particle length in static case (before any motion)? and how do we measure the moving particle length? Where we use The Same Methods in both cases – practically and logically – we have to consider both results are equal in power – no result is better than the other because both are produced by the same methods of measurements.. Although I consider that –Particle in static should be considered as a special case because it moves by my velocity – means – instead to choose any other velocity the particle chooses to move by my velocity which makes it specific case for particle different motions cases So the analysis tells us that – the particle different velocities motions is the general case and static situation (relative to me) is a special one Spite of that SR states "The Proper Length L0 Never Change"! I mean – if the theory means – the proper length will stay with particle during its motion – that means – the special case is used here as a general one – and depending on it all other parameters are created Conclusion (1) Particle own length is contracted by high velocity (light velocity approximately) Because I'm not "The Universe Reference Point" I refuse the statement "The Proper Length L0 Never Change" (2) Light Velocity should be a player in Human Realization Process Gerges Francis Tawdrous +201022532292
Category: Astrophysics

[10] viXra:1911.0178 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 01:22:55

Unified Theory

Authors: Pastushenko Vladimir
Comments: 6 Pages. Unified theory

Unified theory
Category: Astrophysics

[9] viXra:1911.0160 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 10:30:02

Massive Black Holes Mergers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in the U.S. along with one in India and one in Hungary has created simulations that could explain how larger than expected black holes could form near supermassive black holes at the center of galaxies. [31] These results, important for the construction of new theoretical models and for the development of new hypotheses about the nature of dark matter, offer much more precise indications for tracing the intricate path to understanding one of the largest mysteries of the cosmos. [30]
Category: Astrophysics

[8] viXra:1911.0091 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-05 18:11:34

Planet Motion Depends on Light Motion

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 3 Pages.

Paper Hypothesis Planet motion depends on light motion A Proof I-Data (A) 17.4 degrees (inner planets orbital inclinations total) x 0.99 = 17.2 degrees (Pluto orbital inclination) (B) 23.6 degrees (outer planets orbital inclinations total) x 0.99 = 23.4 degrees (Earth Axial Tilt) (C) (180 degrees /π) x 0.99 = 28.3 degrees (Neptune Axial Tilt) (D) Earth Moon Distance At Perigee 0.363 mkm = 0.99 x0.366 mkm (Outer Planets Diameters Total) (and the moon diameter = 1% of Outer Planets Diameters Total) II-Discussion The previous data is an example of many similar where the rate 0.99 is used frequently as a rate between different planets data – and the question is that Why This Rate 0.99 Is Used So Frequently In Different Data (axial tilts – orbital inclinations…etc)? The answer is told by Einstein himself – let's read it: Book / Relativity: The Special and General Theory (Einstein book) Section 13 (in Fizu experiment which is repeated frequently by others) "According to recent and most excellent measurements by Zeeman, the influence of the velocity of flow v on the propagation of light is represented by formula(B)(x'=wt') to within one percent (1%) I claim the difference 1% is found in the solar planets data by light motion as in Fizu experiment measurements- someone will refuse, claiming that we have no Fizu experiment here – no light beam –no tube and no liquid- I don't know how that's happened – but it's a property of light motion – and as in Fizu experiment there was a reason to find this percentages 1% and 99%- this same geometrical reason can be found in the solar planets data and motions to use frequently the rates 99% or 1% which we have seen before– simply we need to analyze and discover how the matter is crated and how the distance is formed and based on such analysis we should find that it's the light motion which creates the using of the rates 99% and 1% in the solar planets data.
Category: Astrophysics

[7] viXra:1911.0078 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-05 10:41:11

Black Holes like Quantum Systems

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 22 Pages.

According to quantum mechanics black holes should behave like other ordinary quantum systems. [21] Rotating black holes and computers that use quantum-mechanical phenomena to process information are topics that have fascinated science lovers for decades, but even the most innovative thinkers rarely put them together. [20] If someone were to venture into one of these relatively benign black holes, they could survive, but their past would be obliterated and they could have an infinite number of possible futures. [19] The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters-it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there's a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17] Astronomers have constructed the first map of the universe based on the positions of supermassive black holes, which reveals the large-scale structure of the universe. [16] Astronomers want to record an image of the heart of our galaxy for the first time: a global collaboration of radio dishes is to take a detailed look at the black hole which is assumed to be located there. [15] A team of researchers from around the world is getting ready to create what might be the first image of a black hole. [14] "There seems to be a mysterious link between the amount of dark matter a galaxy holds and the size of its central black hole, even though the two operate on vastly different scales," said Akos Bogdan of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA). [13] If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12] For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think "the Big Bang", except just the opposite. That's essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron-proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[6] viXra:1911.0043 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-03 10:26:31

The Amplification Effect of Parallel Counter-streaming Gravitons

Authors: Kurt L. Becker
Comments: 6 Pages.

Amplification effect of counter-streaming gravitons may give a physical foundation to MOND. Abstract: Modified Newtonian Dynamics can explain the flat rotation curves of stars in very weak gravitational fields in the outlying regions of our galaxy, but it needs a physical basis to form a complete theory. In the MOND paradigm, acceleration decreases slower, by 1/r, than in Newtonian dynamics, 1/r2. This paper explores a physical process with amplifies the stream of gravitons between distant stars, thereby keeping gravity stronger at longer distances, yet allowing the acceleration to decrease as 1/r. The streams of gravitons between distant stars is parallel, allowing time for counter-streaming gravitons to interact with each other. This interaction will compress the beam and, most importantly, will pull adjacent streams into the main gravitation stream. This results in an amplification of gravity between the two stars. The frequency of gravitational interaction with the mass of the stars will decrease as 1/r, due to the longer travel time of the gravitons between the stars.
Category: Astrophysics

[5] viXra:1911.0042 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-03 13:14:26

Conservation of Mass Limits and White Dwarfs

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 4 Pages.

A new idea is presented which follows from the General Theory. It is hypothesized that mass is conserved in closed systems, but there is a caveat to that due to white dwarfs. In the General Theory white dwarfs have mass that is not conserved. Meaning if you take all transfers of heat and matter away, it will become more massive as it transitions to more massive stages of evolution. This means mass is not conserved under extreme pressures and temperatures. In short, there are properties of mass that we do not understand yet, and white dwarfs show this in light of the General Theory.
Category: Astrophysics

[4] viXra:1911.0040 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-03 14:54:57

The Observer Effects on Observation Results (SR Tells)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 2 Pages.

Paper Hypothesis (No. 1) The Observer Effects On The Observational Results 1st Hypothesis Explanation If a particle (with length L0) moves by speed of light (approximately), this particle may suffer from length contraction effect and be seen with a contracted length (L1) Then "What's happened For The Particle Own Nature?" The theory states "The Proper Length L0 Never Change"! We have 2 directions to choose from: (1st) to accept the idea that – the particle own nature doesn't change and the contracted length is seen by us as a wrong vision (as mirage) but the particle length itself has no real change Or (2nd) to accept the idea that – the particle own nature changes with this motion – and by such way – the particle nature should be created relative to speed of light! I choose the 2nd choice- Why? Because – the 1st choice tells us that – The particle own nature is defined clearly when no difference in motions velocities between me and this particle – that means – I'm The Universe Reference Point – and this is similar to a person looks at a mirror So the particle nature is created relative to speed of light! Is it true? NOT The human mind realization process depends on speed of light – and that explains how the observer effects on observational results… Paper Hypothesis (No. 2) Human Mind Realization Process depends On And uses Speed Of Light - Paper Hypothesis (No. 3) The Human Mind Realization process (Using Speed Of Light) effects on the universe around.
Category: Astrophysics

[3] viXra:1911.0033 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-02 05:29:41

Merger Inside Binary Black Hole

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 25 Pages.

Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics, Rochester Institute of Technology and the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics have recently gathered strong numerical evidence for a new phenomenon that takes place in the interior of binary black holes. [20] In a paper published today in the journal Science, University of Florida scientists have discovered these tears in the fabric of the universe have significantly weaker magnetic fields than previously thought. The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters-it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there's a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17] Astronomers have constructed the first map of the universe based on the positions of supermassive black holes, which reveals the large-scale structure of the universe. [16] Astronomers want to record an image of the heart of our galaxy for the first time: a global collaboration of radio dishes is to take a detailed look at the black hole which is assumed to be located there. [15] A team of researchers from around the world is getting ready to create what might be the first image of a black hole. [14] "There seems to be a mysterious link between the amount of dark matter a galaxy holds and the size of its central black hole, even though the two operate on vastly different scales," said Akos Bogdan of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA). [13] If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12] For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think "the Big Bang", except just the opposite. That's essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron-proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[2] viXra:1911.0028 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-02 07:52:09

Technische Anwendungen Zur Umwandlung Der Rotationsenergie Der Erde in Elektrische Energie in Theorie Und Praxis; 17. Auflage

Authors: Robert Stach
Comments: 12 Pages.

Aufgezeigt werden die Vor- und Nachteile einer Umwandlung der Rotationsenergie der Erde in elektrische Energie.
Category: Astrophysics

[1] viXra:1911.0018 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 21:25:00

Why Don't We Understand The Solar System Geometry?

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 20 Pages.

Why don't We Understand The Solar System Geometry? Because Paper Hypothesis -The Planets Motions are Motions of Light Beams, That means each planet motion depends on a motion of light beam – Based on that, we have to use the light geometry to explain the solar planets motions. Shortly -Planet Motion = Light Motion and should be studied under Relativistic Considerations -Because we see the planets as matters move by low velocity– We consider that the light geometry is unsuitable science to explain the solar planets motions. -That's Why – There Are Many Contradictions In The Solar Planets Motions Current Understanding And Description.. Paper Objective -The Paper tries to prove the claim that "The Solar Planets Motions Are Motions Of Light Beams"
Category: Astrophysics