[17] **viXra:1311.0205 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-01-29 05:53:26*

**Authors:** Wenceslao Segura González

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

There is widespread confusion about the concept of tropical year. Although it is correctly defined from the average length of the Sun, at the same time it is identified with the movement of the Sun with respect to the seasonal points. In this study, we distinguish between the tropical year, as it is commonly defined, and the seasonal year, or time between two consecutive passages of the Sun by a particular seasonal point. We found that the mean value of the possible four years seasonal averages (Spring, Summer, Autumn and Winter) coincides with the tropical year. We evaluated the variation of the seasonal years for an interval of time of a few thousands of years. And finally we estimated the durations of the various types of years in universal time units, adapting them for use in the calculation of the calendarists’ errors.

**Category:** Astrophysics

[16] **viXra:1311.0202 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-11-29 06:53:37*

**Authors:** Prygunov A. I.

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

The results of comparative analysis of gravitation-wave observatory LIGO data
associated with gamma-ray burst GRB 051103 at maximum sensitivity frequency
domain (100-200 Hz) are presented. The non-stationarity of the L1 detector’s signal
in time-frequency domain with the exact binding its manifestations at GRB 051103
was observed. Based on known astrophysical models and data an interpretation of
results is offered. The interpretation supposes the indirect registration via detector
L1 LIGO of gravitational waves which are associated with GRB 051103.

**Category:** Astrophysics

[15] **viXra:1311.0184 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-11-28 04:46:27*

**Authors:** David Norrman

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

The problem to fit Newtonian, Einsteinian and Keplerian predictions with observations have been subject for discussion for a long time. The rotational curves of galaxies, the cosmic coincidence problem and astrophysical jets are examples of severe discrepancies between theory and actual observations. The scientific community is currently weighted towards the dark matter solution to the rotational curve problem while Modified Newtonian Dynamics (MoND) still has some support even though MoND over the last couple of years have been subject to criticism most notably for being unable to explain observations of the so called bullet cluster.
What hasn’t been done recently is a re-evaluation of our understanding of gravity as a natural phenomenon. Previous works have thoroughly addressed problems separately, but few have examined the similarities and differences between the unsolved problems and searched for a unifying solution.
This paper will seek a common denominator concerning the conditions where the traditional theories are inadequate. Thereafter a theoretical solution will be proposed and tested on each of the astrophysical problems. Finally the solution will be used to describe two fundamental observations of Quantum Mechanics.

**Category:** Astrophysics

[14] **viXra:1311.0168 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-11-25 08:50:03*

**Authors:** Nainan K. Varghese

**Comments:** 12 Pages. Published in General Science Journal

Abstract: This article attempts to give a simple and logical explanation to the mechanism of shift in directions of tides on planetary bodies. It is based on a radically different dynamics, presented in book ‘MATTER (Re-examined)’ [1]. Linear motion of a planetary body changes symmetry of additional distortions in universal medium about it. Asymmetry of latticework-squares in planetary body’s matter-field (about direction of ‘central force’) shifts direction of its action, which in turn shifts zenith points of tides from local meridians (facing sun or moon) and on opposite side. Real orbital motion of a spinning macro body enhances deflection of tides from local meridian. Currently, directions of deflections of tides are misinterpreted to suit observation.

**Category:** Astrophysics

[13] **viXra:1311.0154 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-11-22 20:22:35*

**Authors:** Thomas Scott Zolotor

**Comments:** 9 Pages. English.

Hypothesis of Captain and Reverend Thomas Scott Zolotor proven true with more of his predictions coming to fruition.

**Category:** Astrophysics

[12] **viXra:1311.0129 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2013-11-19 17:37:47*

**Authors:** Victor Christianto, Florentin Smarandache

**Comments:** 179 Pages. This book is being reviewed by LAP LAMBERT Publishing

The present book consists of 17 select scientific papers from ten years of work around 2003-2013. The topic covered here is quantization in Astrophysics. We also discuss other topics for instance Pioneer spacecraft anomaly. We discuss a number of sub-topics, for instance the use of Schrödinger equation to describe celestial quantization. Our basic proposition here is that the quantization of planetary systems corresponds to quantization of circulation as observed in superfluidity. And then we extend it further to the use of (complex) Ginzburg-Landau equation to describe possible nonlinearity of planetary quantization. Some of these papers have been published in journal form, but they were scattered around in a number of publications, so they are not easy to locate. So we decide to collect them all in one book for easy reading. Other papers included here have not been published before in journal or book form.

**Category:** Astrophysics

[11] **viXra:1311.0127 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-11-17 21:06:02*

**Authors:** Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski

**Comments:** 2 Pages. 2 diagrams

In stellar metamorphosis stars obey the mass-energy equivalence principle. This means as a star radiates it loses mass. As it loses mass it will shrink and cool. Explanation is provided.

**Category:** Astrophysics

[10] **viXra:1311.0122 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-11-17 06:14:33*

**Authors:** Wolfgang Westenberger

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

SUMMARY. Using gravitational vectors on interacting galaxies we find the origin of:
Double spiral figures; galactic tails; spiral arms; continuing movement and constant angular velocity of spiral arms; galactic disc and bulge; plane of galactic disc; different plane of galactic gravitation centres; activity of Seyfert galaxies; opposite direction of warps; the biggest elliptical galaxies.

**Category:** Astrophysics

[9] **viXra:1311.0120 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-11-17 06:55:29*

**Authors:** Paul R. Gerber

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

An alternative view of Black-Hole objects is presented which avoids the singular aspect they receive in General Relativity. Purely qualitative argumentation, based on conceivably extremely high temperatures in such high density objects and the corresponding associated generation of antimatter, leads to the expectation that they are sources of antimatter which is expelled by matter-antimatter repulsion. Positron-electron production at the surface leads to the emission of such pairs a slow velocities which would provide a mechanism for galactic 511-keV radiation. High temperatures at the center of such objects suggests on the one hand a simple mechanism for the observed relativistic jets in “Black-Holes”, with their conspicuous properties. On the other hand, a more isotropic expulsion of antimatter would provide an additional steady generation of antimatter which may give rise to a partial solution of the dark- matter problem.

**Category:** Astrophysics

[8] **viXra:1311.0116 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2013-11-18 07:49:39*

**Authors:** David Harding

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

The Planck Interaction stands at the “center” of the universe. There is no being without this continuing event. As Planck observed, “There can be no doubt that the constant h plays a definite role at an emission center of the elementary oscillation process… The thermodynamics of radiation will have arrived at an entirely satisfactory conclusion only when the constant h is understood in its full universal significance”.
Space-time and the tension of the vacuum are formed in its activity. It is the universal symmetric source for the fine structure constant (α), charge, and the force parameter of all black holes in this universe. This yielded force value, (being in every case equivalent, at exactly 1/4th of the Planck force) along with the other constants is important for having a direct connection with the universal frame.

**Category:** Astrophysics

[7] **viXra:1311.0098 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-11-14 10:23:49*

**Authors:** Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski

**Comments:** 1 Page.

Since neutron stars do not exist an actual physical explanation for why pulsars pulse is provided.

**Category:** Astrophysics

[6] **viXra:1311.0068 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-11-10 09:54:13*

**Authors:** Thomas Scott Zolotor

**Comments:** 8 Pages. English. Astronomy.

REV. and Captain Thomas Scott Zolotor's Hypotheses proven true many more times. More of my predictions have came true. Read this to find out about the universe. More of my hypothesis were proven true.

**Category:** Astrophysics

[5] **viXra:1311.0067 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-11-10 11:05:26*

**Authors:** David Harding

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

The mass of the universe has often been cited to be approximately 1053 kg, [1-3] a finite number. Current values are derived from either critical density estimations, the average number of stars including interstellar and intergalactic matter, or Hoyle based steady-state estimates, and all imply a finite universe.If the universe is somehow (as thought) accelerating, then a force is somehow (as Max Planck insisted) being applied, yet what force, and how? We know that as a whole, the universe seeks equilibrium. Specific, temporary, or local trajectories and/or accelerations may achieve partial equilibriums, and lead to further “adjustments” in differing magnitudes. Where, again the seeking of equilibrium continues. In the end, the universe as a whole can be seen as being in a multiple state (or in multiple phases) of continuously seeking both partial and complete equilibriums. This conclusion is remarkable; it implies that some partial equilibrium is already achieved, for it “continuously” seeks equilibriums, yet it also implies that the universe is actively seeking some quotient of further equilibrium. It is this partial, already achieved, yet integral equilibrium which this paper describes.

**Category:** Astrophysics

[4] **viXra:1311.0066 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2013-11-19 12:31:31*

**Authors:** David Harding

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

The stability of the physical constants suggests quite strongly some sort of cosmological equilibrium. Thermodynamic equilibrium is fundamentally involved in electromagnetic and gravitational equilibrium, yet describing how these realtionships interact encounters certain limitations because of having to describe one constant in terms of the others. The inverse relationship (E=hf) between energy and (time and length), has led to the idea of the point particle, the singularity. This reduction is only partially justifiable. We consider the existence of a universal quantum background, effectively dominated by a unique quantity, the force required to contain electromagnetic energy. This singular force value (required of all black holes) is in every case equivalent, making it likely that there is really only one force acting, and that the universe as a whole is in equilibrium.

**Category:** Astrophysics

[3] **viXra:1311.0047 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-04-16 14:50:51*

**Authors:** Bruce Rout, Cameron Rout

**Comments:** 43 Pages.

PACS:98.62.-g An analytical model of galactic morphology is presented. This model presents resolutions to two inter-related parameters of spiral galaxies: one being the flat velocity rotation profile and the other being the spiral morphology of such galaxies. This model is a mathematical transformation dictated by the general theory of relativity applied to rotating polar coordinate systems that conserve the metric. The model shows that the flat velocity rotation profile and spiral shape of certain galaxies are both products of the general theory. Validation of the model is presented by application to 878 rotation curves provided by Salucci, and by comparing the results of a derived distance modulus to those using Cepheid variables, water masers and Tully-Fisher calculations. The model suggests means of determining galactic linear density, mass and angular momentum. We also show that the morphology of NGC 3198 is congruent to the geodesic of a rotating reference frame and is therefore gravitationally viscous and self bound.

**Category:** Astrophysics

[2] **viXra:1311.0034 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-11-05 07:56:11*

**Authors:** Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski

**Comments:** 1 Page. 1 illustration

In astrophysical scientism an impossible object has been discovered called Kepler-78b. It is not an impossible object according to stellar metamorphosis it simply means that the nebular hypothesis has yet again been 100% falsified. It is predicted that the falsification of the nebular hypothesis will not be accepted, and scientists who believe in the nebular hypothesis will continue to find objects that are “impossible” and try their best to explain them away.

**Category:** Astrophysics

[1] **viXra:1311.0018 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-11-03 07:21:22*

**Authors:** Nainan K. Varghese

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

In any system of macro bodies, relative considerations can provide only parameters of their relative positions. Use of reference frame, related to a static central macro body, causes planetary orbital path to appear as closed geometrical figure around the central macro body. As central macro body is a moving macro body; this does not reflect physical reality. Although this helps to explain cyclic phenomena, properties attributed to elliptical/circular planetary orbital paths are unreal. Due to constant linear motions of free macro bodies in space, it is practically impossible for a free macro body to orbit around another, in any type of closed geometrical path. However, they may orbit about each other and follow a common median path in space. Real orbital path of a planetary body is wavy about median path of central body, with the planetary body moving to front and rear of central body, cyclically.

**Category:** Astrophysics