Astrophysics

1712 Submissions

[36] viXra:1712.0678 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-31 08:04:44

Cable Dragging Horizontal Takeoff Spacecraft Air Launch System

Authors: Zhixian Lin
Comments: 4 Pages.

This paper proposed an Air Launch System which uses cables with auxiliary wing to drag spacecraft into upper air. This launch system can make air launch more effective and easier, and the launch devices can be recyclable and reusable. It is a potential and easy way to reduce the cost of space launch.
Category: Astrophysics

[35] viXra:1712.0671 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-30 15:08:58

Correcting the False Worldview of Chondrites with Stellar Metamorphosis

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 3 Pages.

Chondrites in the year 2017 are still accepted and interpreted as being formed from dust in the early solar system just as they were in 1987, before the age of Astrons and before stellar metamorphosis theory was developed (the author was only 2 years old). The replacement interpretation is presented and shows the reader where mainstream science went wrong, and where alternative science is correct.
Category: Astrophysics

[34] viXra:1712.0640 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-28 10:35:42

Chemically Primitive Dwarf Star

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

Spanish astronomers have identified a new carbon-rich ultra metal-poor unevolved star in the halo of the Milky Way galaxy. [16] A surprising new class of X-ray pulsating variable stars has been discovered by a team of American and Canadian astronomers led by Villanova University's Scott Engle and Edward Guinan. [15] Late last year, an international team including researchers from the Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics (KIAA) at Peking University announced the discovery of more than 60 extremely distant quasars, nearly doubling the number known to science-and thus providing dozens of new opportunities to look deep into our universe's history. [14] Fuzzy pulsars orbiting black holes could unmask quantum gravity. [13] Cosmologists trying to understand how to unite the two pillars of modern science – quantum physics and gravity – have found a new way to make robust predictions about the effect of quantum fluctuations on primordial density waves, ripples in the fabric of space and time. [12] Physicists have performed a test designed to investigate the effects of the expansion of the universe—hoping to answer questions such as "does the expansion of the universe affect laboratory experiments?", "might this expansion change the lengths of solid objects and the time measured by atomic clocks differently, in violation of Einstein's equivalence principle?", and "does spacetime have a foam-like structure that slightly changes the speed of photons over time?", an idea that could shed light on the connection between general relativity and quantum gravity. [11] Einstein's equivalence principle states that an object in gravitational free fall is physically equivalent to an object that is accelerating with the same amount of force in the absence of gravity. This principle lies at the heart of general relativity and has been experimentally tested many times. Now in a new paper, scientists have experimentally demonstrated a conceptually new way to test the equivalence principle that could detect the effects of a relatively new concept called spin-gravity coupling. [10] A recent peer-reviewed paper by physicist James Franson from the University of Maryland in the US has initiated a stir among physics community. Issued in the New Journal of Physics, the paper points to evidence proposing that the speed of light as defined by the theory of general relativity, is slower than originally thought. [9] Gravitational time dilation causes decoherence of composite quantum systems. Even if gravitons are there, it's probable that we would never be able to perceive them. Perhaps, assuming they continue inside a robust model of quantum gravity, there may be secondary ways of proving their actuality. [7] The magnetic induction creates a negative electric field, causing an electromagnetic inertia responsible for the relativistic mass change; it is the mysterious Higgs Field giving mass to the particles. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The self maintained electric potential of the accelerating charges equivalent with the General Relativity space-time curvature, and since it is true on the quantum level also, gives the base of the Quantum Gravity. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the relativistic quantum theory.
Category: Astrophysics

[33] viXra:1712.0593 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-24 22:18:42

Pitfall of Space Expansion

Authors: Cres Huang
Comments: 27 Pages.

Space is everywhere with us. It's in our hands. However, it's impossible to bent, stretch, compress, or doing anything with it. Expansion of the space would intertwine with many paradoxes that is beyond comprehension. We have learned to manipulating matter and energy since our first existence on Earth, however, never space.

Additionally, space can not have boundary. Otherwise, it would separate space from something else outside of the space. Neither the boundary or surface of the space nor the outside of the space can be defined as anything other than space. Hence, space, boundary of space, and the outside can only be space. Thus, the shape, size, surface, and boundary of the space can not be detected or measured. Neither the age of the space can be measured. Space and the universe can only be considered infinite.

Logically, we can not detect vacuum, or emptiness. We can only detect the absence of detectable. Absence of detectable is not absolutely equal to emptiness. The same logics that we can only prove the absence of detectable matter and energy. It is impossible to prove the absence of space. The question is, how can you bend or expand infinite and undetectable space that has no surface and boundary?


Category: Astrophysics

[32] viXra:1712.0586 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-23 23:15:15

The Making of Planet and Gravity

Authors: Cres Huang
Comments: 15 Pages.

Gravity is not force of attraction. An one way concentrative potential is created by head-on congregation of particles from gentle pairing to high speed collision. It can be started by electromagnetic attraction or disturbance in the environment internally or externally. A terrestrial planet, for example, is the coalition of elements. It grows in the process of construction. The coalition builds the body and the force of keeping it together, gravity.
Category: Astrophysics

[31] viXra:1712.0585 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-23 23:33:31

The Making of Star and Solar System

Authors: Cres Huang
Comments: 11 Pages.

To me, the gravity of super-sized planet can trigger global nuclear reactions and become a star. The expelled particles embrace objects in it's path and create a space cyclone, solar system. Our Solar System is a cyclone powered by the vortex force of a single dominating star, the Sun, in weightless space. The Sun regulates the orbits and reduces the collision of all plants and alike within it's reach. The question is, would it be second star if Jupiter got a chance to gather more mass?
Category: Astrophysics

[30] viXra:1712.0584 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-23 23:37:50

The Making of Black Hole And Galaxy

Authors: Cres Huang
Comments: 9 Pages.

To me, a star is analogous to a constant and all directional nuclear exploding jet engine. Expelling particles would create it's opposite imploding force. By squeezing mass and energy into single point, I don't see other action can create stronger concentrative mass and force than implosive compression. Under this constant compression, a star can reach it's limit of structure and go supernova. The surface activities would radiate the frequency beyond our detection, a black hole disappeared from our view. Massive black hole can create its' own super space cyclone. Other subsystems can be caught by the storm and form a galaxy, a superset collection of solar and planetary systems by nature's inheritance and self-similarity. Considering nature's capability of creating such varieties of microorganism; Planets, stars, galaxies, and alike will continue to surprise us with our slowly opening eyes. Yet, the universe can only be seen by anyone in very short blink.
Category: Astrophysics

[29] viXra:1712.0582 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-23 23:44:57

From Redshift To Cosmic Background Radiation

Authors: Cres Huang
Comments: 56 Pages.

Doppler redshift of radiations is dominating in all observations. And, path loss of frequency causes exponentially proportional redshift. Radiation, over space, can continue to stretch below visual and infrared detection, the source would merged into the background (CBR). In the meantime, space is filled with dominating low frequency below visible radiations which can come from outside of the visible universe.
Category: Astrophysics

[28] viXra:1712.0580 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-23 23:58:41

Age of The Universe Paradox

Authors: Cres Huang
Comments: Pages.

The question are: Will we ever know if there are objects outside of the detectable universe radiating in wave length longer than CBR? Can we date fundamental particles, or space? We only measure the universe with visual radiations. Doesn't it seem that the size and age of the universe is determined by the size of our telescope?
Category: Astrophysics

[27] viXra:1712.0578 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-24 00:05:22

Big Bang Inflation Paradox Essay

Authors: Cres Huang
Comments: 10 Pages.

Big-bang and universe expansion are illusions of cosmic redshift. Doppler redshift is over 92% dominating. And, path loss of frequency causes exponentially proportional redshift. The expansion of the universe is defined by it's boundary, not the separation galaxies. The fundamentals of redshift and space are examined.
Category: Astrophysics

[26] viXra:1712.0576 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-24 00:15:58

Dark Matter and Dark Energy Paradox Essay

Authors: Cres Huang
Comments: 7 Pages.

Many incomprehensible paradoxes are created by dark matter and dark energy. Physical matter, dark or not, has to occupy space and prevent other matter from taking the same location. On the other hand, isn't it meaningless if dark matter and dark energy can occupy the same space of ordinary matter and energy without interactions?
Category: Astrophysics

[25] viXra:1712.0547 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-22 00:57:12

To Study on Examples! Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.v. the Hypothesis of Emergence of Extraordinary Events on Earth – the Movement of Power Educations on the Internal Surface of the Pacific Plateau Causes a Tsunami, and on His Borders – Earthquakes and Volcanoe

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 2 Pages.

The hypothesis of emergence of extraordinary events on Earth – the movement of power educations on the internal surface of the Pacific plateau causes a tsunami, and on his borders – earthquakes and volcanoes.
Category: Astrophysics

[24] viXra:1712.0518 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-19 19:54:51

Updated Kepler Exoplanet Discoveries Due to New Theory of Planet Formation

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

Utilizing the General Theory and the Radiation Principle of Stellar Evolution it is made clear that the actual count of discovered exoplanets is over 40,000,000 as of the publication date of this paper. Explanation is provided.
Category: Astrophysics

[23] viXra:1712.0517 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-19 21:54:13

The Refutation of Gravitationa Attraction

Authors: Cres Huang
Comments: 12 Pages.

Gravitational acceleration is independent of composition, shape, size, surface, and distance by falling body experiments.

On the other hand, attraction acceleration is dependent on it's mass and composition (shape, size, surface, and distance are distribution of mass, or function of mass and distance).

Therefore,gravity is not attraction.


Category: Astrophysics

[22] viXra:1712.0500 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-19 01:33:03

Никитин В.Н., Никитина Н.Н., Никитин И.В. ГОРОД БОГА – КВИНТЭССЕНЦИЯ ЭКСКЛЮЗИВНЫХ ГИПОТЕЗ ИЗ ГЛУБИНКИ Город Бога – это продукт галактического распада Вселенской Белой Дыры.

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitina N.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

Город Бога – это продукт галактического распада Вселенской Белой Дыры.
Category: Astrophysics

[21] viXra:1712.0497 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-18 07:26:09

At the Bottom Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.v., Nikitina N.N. the Flat Bottom of Lunar Craters is a Pripylenny Surface of the Frozen Liquid

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V., Nikitina N.N.
Comments: 1 Page.

The flat bottom of lunar craters is a pripylenny surface of the frozen liquid.
Category: Astrophysics

[20] viXra:1712.0496 [pdf] replaced on 2018-03-24 08:18:37

Disproof of Bigbang

Authors: Ivo van der Rijt
Comments: 18 Pages.

NA
Category: Astrophysics

[19] viXra:1712.0472 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-15 16:18:36

Tying Gravitational Work to Energy Transformations and Other Principles in the General Theory of Stellar Metamorphosis

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

Gravitational work is defined as the star doing work on itself as it collapses into a "planet". This work translates to various energy transformations, due to Gravitational Potential energy being converted to kinetic energy and then to friction, heat and electrical energy and back to potential energy in different forms. Explanation is provided.
Category: Astrophysics

[18] viXra:1712.0460 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-16 08:28:16

Stellar Metamorphosis: Astron Classification Table

Authors: Daniel Archer
Comments: 3 Pages.

I present a classification table of astrons made possible due to the theory of Stellar Metamorphosis(GTSM).
Category: Astrophysics

[17] viXra:1712.0426 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-14 08:11:26

Without Dark Energy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

Three mathematicians have a different explanation for the accelerating expansion of the universe that does without theories of "dark energy." [26] The arrow of time and the accelerated expansion are two fundamental empirical facts of the universe. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] “We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit.” [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter—the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20]
Category: Astrophysics

[16] viXra:1712.0425 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-12 06:45:11

Particle Double Nature Reason

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 34 Pages.

How The Matter Is Created? Why The Particle Has Double Nature? What's The Gravity Reason And Mechanism? Does the gravity needs time to effect or works instantly? If the Planet moves by gravity, why does the moon revolve the Metonic cycle which the Earth doesn't? The Matter Creation is the main question I discuss in this paper, tries to explain why the Particle has double nature.. ( Paper Main Hypothesis: "The Matter Is Made Of Light")
Category: Astrophysics

[15] viXra:1712.0409 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-12 21:42:30

A Brief Experiment of Space

Authors: Cres Huang
Comments: Pages.

We have learned to manipulating matter and energy since our first existence, however, never space. Luckily, there is vacuum sharing some properties of space. We can create and shape vacuum to some extent. The experiment observes the interactions of vacuum, mass and energy to derive a logical understanding of space.
Category: Astrophysics

[14] viXra:1712.0406 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-13 02:55:57

On the Limit Energy of Cosmic Rays

Authors: Anatoly V. Belyakov
Comments: 4 Pages. 4 p., 1 fig.

It is established that the upper limit of cosmic-ray energy due to the Greisen-Zatsepin-Kuzmin effect is local. On the basis of the mechanistic interpretation of J. Wheeler's geometrodynamic concept, a more fundamental limitation on this limit was established, which, in the final analysis, depends on Planck's size (ђγ/c^3)^1/2 and for protons the limit is 4.51×10^18 eV. The inflection in the spectrum curve, the "knee", corresponds to the mass-energy of the vortex tube of the limiting proton-electron contour, 1.46×10^15 eV. For other nuclei these energies increase in proportion to the atomic number of the element.
Category: Astrophysics

[13] viXra:1712.0398 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-12 06:21:21

Particle Double Nature Reason

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 34 Pages.

How The Matter Is Created? Why The Particle Has Double Nature? What's The Gravity Reason And Mechanism? Does the gravity needs time to effect or works instantly? If the Planet moves by gravity, why does the moon revolve the Metonic cycle which the Earth doesn't? The Matter Creation is the main question I discuss in this paper, tries to explain why the Particle has double nature.. ( Paper Main Hypothesis: "The Matter Is Made Of Light")
Category: Astrophysics

[12] viXra:1712.0385 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-10 11:26:37

Time Arrow and Dark Energy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 37 Pages.

The arrow of time and the accelerated expansion are two fundamental empirical facts of the universe. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] “We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit.” [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter—the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20] Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in Germany have now come up with a new theory on how dark matter may have been formed shortly after the origin of the universe. [19] Map of dark matter made from gravitational lensing measurements of 26 million galaxies in the Dark Energy Survey. [18] CfA astronomers Annalisa Pillepich and Lars Hernquist and their colleagues compared gravitationally distorted Hubble images of the galaxy cluster Abell 2744 and two other clusters with the results of computer simulations of dark matter haloes. [17] In a paper published July 20 in the journal Physical Review Letters, an international team of cosmologists uses data from the intergalactic medium— the vast, largely empty space between galaxies—to narrow down what dark matter could be. [16] But a new hypothesis might have gotten us closer to figuring out its identity, because physicists now suspect that dark matter has been changing forms this whole time - from ghostly particles in the Universe's biggest structures, to a strange, superfluid state at smaller scales. And we might soon have the tools to confirm it. [15] Superfluids may exist inside neutron stars, and some researchers have speculated that space-time itself may be a superfluid. So why shouldn’t dark matter have a superfluid phase, too? [14] "The best result on dark matter so far—and we just got started." This is how scientists behind XENON1T, now the most sensitive dark matter experiment world-wide, commented on their first result from a short 30-day run presented today to the scientific community. [13] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter. SIMPs would resolve certain discrepancies between simulations of the distribution of dark matter, like this one, and the observed properties of the galaxies. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[11] viXra:1712.0382 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-10 19:43:19

Gravitational Waves Carry Negative Energy

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 90 Pages. © 2015 Adrian Ferent

“Gravitational waves carry negative energy” Adrian Ferent “Gravitational waves are carried by gravitons” Adrian Ferent This means gravitational waves carry gravitational energy and momentum. “The Gravitational waves have their energy contained in gravitons” Adrian Ferent “The gravitons give a negative momentum to mass-carrying particles to attract them.” Adrian Ferent “Gravitational force is mediated by gravitons faster than the speed of light, with negative momentum” Adrian Ferent The momentum of the graviton is negative p = - m × v and I calculated the speed of the graviton va. “Because the momentum is negative, the relativistic mass -m of the graviton is negative!” Adrian Ferent “The relativistic mass m of the graviton is negative, this implies that the energy of the graviton is negative, E = - m × va2.” Adrian Ferent This means: “Gravitation is caused by negative energy” Adrian Ferent “Gravitons have negative energy E = a × f and the speed higher than the speed of light” Adrian Ferent Einstein’s gravitational waves carry positive energy. That is why: “Einstein’s gravitational waves do not exist, how they can detect them?” Adrian Ferent This is another proof that LIGO is a fraud. The 2017 Nobel Prize in Physics has been awarded for a project, the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) not for a scientific discovery; they did not detect anything because Einstein’s gravitational waves do not exist. The same fraud was in 2013 with the Higgs Boson, the so-called “God particle”.
Category: Astrophysics

[10] viXra:1712.0375 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-09 09:47:16

Black Hole's Magnetism

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

In a paper published today in the journal Science, University of Florida scientists have discovered these tears in the fabric of the universe have significantly weaker magnetic fields than previously thought. The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters—it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there's a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17] Astronomers have constructed the first map of the universe based on the positions of supermassive black holes, which reveals the large-scale structure of the universe. [16] Astronomers want to record an image of the heart of our galaxy for the first time: a global collaboration of radio dishes is to take a detailed look at the black hole which is assumed to be located there. [15] A team of researchers from around the world is getting ready to create what might be the first image of a black hole. [14] "There seems to be a mysterious link between the amount of dark matter a galaxy holds and the size of its central black hole, even though the two operate on vastly different scales," said Akos Bogdan of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA). [13] If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12] For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think " the Big Bang " , except just the opposite. That's essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[9] viXra:1712.0371 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-09 14:11:00

Gravitational Collapse: A Mass and Energy Loss Phenomenon

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 3 Pages. 3 illustrations

For gravitational collapse to occur, a body needs to have mass and energy to lose. Explanation is provided.
Category: Astrophysics

[8] viXra:1712.0370 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-09 19:33:05

Strong Support for the Mass Independence and Coherency Principles of the General Theory of Stellar Metamorphosis: NGTS-1b

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page. 3 references

The discovery of NGTS-1b strongly supports the principles of mass independence and coherency of stellar evolution and formation according to the general theory. Explanation is provided along with link to original discovery paper showing the issues.
Category: Astrophysics

[7] viXra:1712.0345 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-07 11:31:38

Earth is Bombarded with Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 19 Pages.

University of Southern Denmark researchers have conducted simulations of dark matter particles hitting the Earth. [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called " dark photons " in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[6] viXra:1712.0128 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-06 04:00:27

Basics of Astrophysics Revisited. III Supercritical Sun Idea.

Authors: Edgars Alksnis
Comments: 1 Page.

Supercritical state of solar matter might overcome some remaining difficulties of liquid Sun concept.
Category: Astrophysics

[5] viXra:1712.0127 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-05 07:59:31

New Candidate for Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 37 Pages.

The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] " We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit. " [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter—the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20] Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in Germany have now come up with a new theory on how dark matter may have been formed shortly after the origin of the universe. [19] Map of dark matter made from gravitational lensing measurements of 26 million galaxies in the Dark Energy Survey. [18] CfA astronomers Annalisa Pillepich and Lars Hernquist and their colleagues compared gravitationally distorted Hubble images of the galaxy cluster Abell 2744 and two other clusters with the results of computer simulations of dark matter haloes. [17] In a paper published July 20 in the journal Physical Review Letters, an international team of cosmologists uses data from the intergalactic medium— the vast, largely empty space between galaxies—to narrow down what dark matter could be. [16]
Category: Astrophysics

[4] viXra:1712.0106 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-05 01:44:27

What Cut the Dinosaurs

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin IV, Nikitina N.N.
Comments: 5 Pages.

High-energy currents of the Moon caused cataclysms on the Earth. The observed flares on the objects of the solar system are the result of explosions of energy bubbles.
Category: Astrophysics

[3] viXra:1712.0096 [pdf] replaced on 2018-01-13 04:39:42

Molecular Diffusion Model as an Alternative to Dark Energy

Authors: Karan R.Takkhi
Comments: 4 pages, 1 figure

Dark energy is rightfully considered as the reason for causing the accelerated expansion of the Universe. Universe expanding at an accelerated rate instead of slowing down or coming to a stop seems extremely uncanny. The Big Bang theory is strongly favoured and the most accepted theory for the origin of the Universe. On the other hand the competing Steady State theory also has an equal importance for some scientists. In this paper I present a theory that bridges the gap between the Big Bang theory and the Steady State theory. A theory/model has also been introduced in order to explain the mysterious accelerated expansion of the Universe. According to this theory/model, the large-scale structures are receding away from each other at an accelerated rate instead of space undergoing accelerated expansion.
Category: Astrophysics

[2] viXra:1712.0020 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-02 11:24:10

The Mass Modeling Principle of Stellar Evolution

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

In stellar metamorphosis stars lose mass as they evolve, therefore a simple principle can be drawn up regarding their mass loss and modeling for future scientists.
Category: Astrophysics

[1] viXra:1712.0013 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-01 16:28:58

The Angular Momentum Problem with Barycenters in Stellar Metamorphosis

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

A serious problem is brought to light concerning establishment's acceptance of stars not losing most of their mass and their acceptance of the permanence of orbits. This is due to the angular momentum of objects in the outer solar system being way too high to maintain a stable barycenter given stars lose considerable mass as they evolve.
Category: Astrophysics