Authors: Wolfgang Westenberger
Comments: 3 pages
The galactic rotation curve will not decrease towards the edge of a galaxy, because the nearby masses of stars will cause additional gravity within the galactic plane.
Authors: Gene H Barbee
Comments: 12 Pages. Please contact Gene at email@example.com
It is well known that approximately 23% to 25% of nucleons found throughout space are in the form of Helium 4 atoms. The distribution uniformity indicates that these atoms were formed in the very early universe. In addition, trace amounts of Deuterium, Lithium 3 and Beryllium 7 are also uniformly distributed. These elements are evidence of a process known as primordial nucleosynthesis based on historical work by G. Gamow, H. Bethe and A. Sakharov and more recently by N.D. Schramm .
The author explored a cosmology expansion curve called R1+R3 based on values found in a model of the proton [Appendix 1]. The expansion curve is similar to the concordance model . Temperature histories that include He4 fusion energy appear to be missing from the literature. All temperature histories decrease from high values until He4 forms at 8e8K but if the He4 fusion energy is considered the temperature will spike and photo-disintegrate deuterium. Residual deuterium is a sensitive test for this period and the goal of the work below is to determine when residual primordial deuterium originated and re-evaluate limits on cosmological parameters.
Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.
It is explained in simple terms why all accepted stellar evolution models are wrong. Stars are assumed to be in local thermodynamic equilibrium or LTE to make the stellar equations work. This is wrong, as LTE means no net transfer of energy or mass, yet all stars radiate. All accepted stellar evolution models contradict the first law of thermodynamics.
Authors: Suomy Nona
Comments: 575 Pages. viXra:1402.0070
The following equations were found by a comprehensive search using a GPU, trying every combination of constants that could be equal to the Universal Gravity constant. Because of limitations of measuring constants, all of these equations are more or less correct. The reader is invited to pick an equation as a favorite. Which one, if any, is the most correct?
Authors: Lubomir Vlcek
Comments: 10 Pages. The article is ready for publication
The start of the 22-year cycle begins with a well-established dipole field component aligned along the solar rotational axis. The field lines tend to be held by the highly conductive solar plasma of the solar surface.
The solar dipole field, through similar processes, reverses again at the end of the 22-year cycle.
The new solar cycle by definition begins with the sun in the middle latitudes (around 30 ° north latitude and 30 degrees south latitude - Spörer's law ) arises first sunspots. These spots have opposite magnetic polarity than the spots above the solar cycle.
Around the center of gravity of the Solar System v Sun = 377,64404380671797815401286112528 m/s
and RSun orbit = 0,41727286425040580889702383164445e+11 m = 0,27892571139733008616111218692781 AU.
Keywords: center of mass, angular momentum, solar cycle, orbit radius of the Sun around the center of gravity of the Solar
Authors: Nainan K. Varghese
Comments: 4 Pages.
Abstract: Various types of irrational inflationary models of universe were introduced to oppose possible accumulation of all material bodies at a point due to gravitational attraction between them. As no logical mechanism could produce inflationary universe and maintain its stable state, diverse assumptions including big bang origin of universe were proposed. As no known origin to CMBR was readily available, it was accepted as a proof to these assumed theories. However, CMBR has a logical reason and definite mechanisms of production. These are not linked to big bang creation or inflationary state of universe but to its steady state of existence.
Authors: Charles L. Chandler
Comments: 6 Pages.
The strength of the body force exerted on dusty plasmas by the electric force (due to the charge separation in Debye cells) is calculated, and the implications are considered.
Authors: Golden Gadzirayi Nyambuya
Comments: 4 Pages. Comments are Welcome. Paper to be sent to a Peer-Review Journal as a research note.
It is generally assumed that Einstein's General Theory of Relativity (GTR) is silent on the issue of planetary recession such as has been measured recently. In this short note, we demonstrate that the GTR is not silent on this matter, it does make a clear predictions albeit, predictions that is contrary with experience and for this task, we use the same solution that was and has been used triumphantly to explain the perihelion precession of the planet Mercury. From a pure stand-point of binary logic, we expect this solution to stand-up to all its predictions for both the precession of perihelion precession and as-well the expansion of orbits. At any rate imaginable, this apparent contradiction presents an interesting state of affairs for the GTR.
This book announces a mathematical theory of the internal constitution of stars,
and the sources of stellar energy according to the General Theory of Relativity.
This is an alternative to the conventional theory of gaseous stars which was introduced
in the 1920’s on the basis of classical mechanics and thermodynamics. In
contrast, the common consideration of a star and its field according to the General
Theory of Relativity, that presented in this book, comes to the model of liquid stars.
Such a star is homogeneous inside, with a tiny core (about a few kilometres in the
radius) in the centre. The core is selected from the main mass of the star by the
collapse surface with the radius according to the star’s mass. Despite almost all
mass of the star is located outside the core (the core is not a black hole), the force
of gravity approaches to infinity on the surface of the core due to the inner space
breaking of the star’s field therein. The super-strong force of gravity is sufficient for
the transfer of the necessary kinetic energy to the lightweight atomic nuclei of the
stellar substance, so that the process of thermonuclear fusion begins. The energy
produced by the thermonuclear fusion is that energy which the stars shine: the tiny
core of each star is its luminous “inner sun”, while the produced stellar energy is
then transferred to the physical surface of the star due to the thermal conductivity.
A new classification of stars is introduced according to the space breaking of
their fields: the regular stars (in the range from the dwarfs to the super-giants),
Wolf-Rayet stars, neutron stars (and pulsars), and black holes are considered. The
introduced liquidmodel matches with the new observational evidences for the state
of condensed matter inside stars; in particular, that the Sun consists of the high
temperature liquid metallic hydrogen.
Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 25 Pages. 25
According to Quantum FFF (Function Follows Form ) theory, our universe is part of a raspberry shaped Multiverse with super (Charge Parity) symmetric entangled universes down to each quantum. The raspberry multiverse is supposed to be a cyclic one, starting with an exploding central new physics Big Bang black hole and ending with a Big Crunch black hole.. The Big Bang Black hole can shortly be described as Higgs particle dark matter/ dark energy based nucleus of 8 or 12 CPT symmetric universal bubbles, evaporating and splitting by a Fractal inflation epoch, leaving a so called Lyman Alpha forest of galaxy seeds behind.
Galaxy seeds are supposed to be represented by Quasars and large Quasar groups ( LQGs) but also by CMB (Cosmic Microwave Background) hotspots and B-Modes.
The inflation epoch is supposed to end in the CMB if the black hole splitting and evaporation stops due to lack of black hole particle content, able to split and form local Quasars or LQGs.
It is generally accepted that the end of the inflation epoch can be observed in the Planck CMB ( Cosmic Microwave Background) and that gravitational waves are the origin of electric and magnetic structure called respectively E-modes and B-Modes.
However according to Quantum FFF theory the E and B-Modes could also be the result of so called Birkeland –Alfven current circuits produced between paring black holes as the origin of primordial Herbig Haro objects, which could be he origin of the unexpected large B-Modes found in the BICEP2 measurements. Not the gravity ripples but the Birkeland Alfven circuits are the direct origin of the unexpected large B-Modes.
The fact that the B-Modes are unexpected large ( about 10- times larger than expected ) is reason to support this hypothesis, and support for future research on B-Modes.
I realize that “new paradigm dark matter black holes” are not only presented by knots of B-Mode polarization but also as Cometary knots and much larger Stellar Anchor black holes (dual bow shocks) in Planetary nebula like the Helix nebula.