Authors: Wolfgang Westenberger
Comments: 2 Pages.
Geometric Gravitation Theorem:
The centre of gravitational force of masses surrounding symmetrically a geometric centre Z
affects a nearby object at a position A as though all masses were concentrated at a point
o u t s i d e of the centre Z.
Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 10 Pages. 10
It is well accepted that the Hubble redshift is a sign for Universal expansion.
However despite this fact I argue that the opposite also could be the case if we postulate that
Dark Matter is related to Black Holes and Dark Energy is related to the oscillating energy of a
super dense but massless Higgs vacuum.
These two choices are also reason to extend the standard model with ideas like particle Form
as information for particle Function and entropy decrease around black holes.
I call it Quantum Function Follows Form Theory. (Q-FFF Theory)
Authors: Kamal L Rajpal
Comments: 5 Pages; Name change forTitle of Paper
This article conjectures that, more energetic than the cosmic gamma photons, there should exist dark photons and Planck photons. Also, similar to the cosmic microwave background radiation (CMB), there should exist a ‘cosmic dark photons background’ (CDB). Dark photons may be the particles of the elusive dark matter.
Authors: Jeffrey Wang, Nasir Germain
Comments: 1 Page. May distribute with author credits and ABSOLUTELY NO derivatives of this article allowed unless with express consent sent by email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org
The updated and proven black hole and Big Bang hypothesis that mainly explains what HAPPENS to black holes and its mass that "disappears".
Nasir Germain and Jeffrey Wang discuss their black hole theories
Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 74 Pages.
A correct version of star evolution is presented with definitions, pictures, explanations, diagrams and the like. It is explained that star evolution is planet formation itself and the vast majority of all accepted astrophysics/geophysics is horrendously incomplete and inconsistent. The Big Bang and Nebular Hypothesis are fully replaced in this tour de force.
Authors: Hans W Giertz
Comments: 4 Pages.
The study displays that a gravitational singularity generates enormous amount of synchronized, low frequency photons. Electric dipoles in atoms create resonance with these photons and they are then re-emitted to dipoles in other atoms. The mutual flow of synchronized low frequency photons between dipoles creates mutual force of attraction, i.e. gravity. The study also displays that these photons consist of a positive elementary charge loosely coupled to a negative elementary charge. The photon propagates with the speed of light and simultaneously the charges rotate with a rotational speed equal to the photon’s frequency. This implies that many components of our galaxy can be described by the laws of electromagnetism. These laws describe electromagnetic fields and forces created by configuration of charges (dipoles and photons), their position, motion and acceleration. The study describes a model, based on the laws of electromagnetism, where the big bang, dark energy, dark matter, expanding space, black hole, gravitational lensing and redshift is explained.
Comments: 6 pages, 1 table, 5 references
In a recent paper of D.S. Hajdukovic (Astrophys. Space Sci. 343, 505, 2013), it is hypothetically claimed that “the quantum vacuum induces a retrograde precession of the perihelion and the Newton’s force of gravity might be accompanied with a tiny radial force that is a signature of the quantum vacuum”. However, the present paper argues that the quantum vacuum cannot really be the causal origin of the extra-gravitational effects and the additional radial acceleration and force are in fact a sort of the gravitational induction due to the relative motion of the test-body in the vicinity of the principal gravitational source.
Authors: Keith D. Foote
Comments: 8 Pages.
This thesis proposes the Big Bang model is inaccurate and based on faulty assumptions. It
describes the exaggerated use of redshifted light as an erroneous supporting argument.
Arguments using hard evidence are made against the Big Bang model. It is concluded the
continuation of the Big Bang model is an effort to support popular reductionistic.
Authors: Carol He, Bo He, Jin He
Comments: 5 Pages. 1 Figure. The new gravity generalizes Newtonian theory and gives a unified explanation to both discrete and smooth natural structures. It is the inevitable truth if gravity must satisfy divergence theorem and galaxies must be rational structure.
New Universal Gravity: To any point on a rational structure, there correspond three proportion surfaces which pass the point and are orthogonal to each other. To any proportion surface there exists the corresponding component of the gravitational force at the point whose direction is normal to the surface (pointing to the larger matter density) and whose magnitude is proportional to the Gaussian curvature of the surface at the point and proportional to the total mass contained in the closed surface. The new gravity generalizes Newtonian theory and gives a unified explanation to both discrete and smooth natural structures (i.e., Solar system and galaxies). It is the inevitable truth of nature if gravity must satisfy divergence theorem and galaxies must be rational structure.
Authors: M. E. Hassani
Comments: 24 Pages; 4 Tables; 1 Figure; 37 References. This work is accepted for publication in Galilean Electrodynamics Journal
In previous papers relating to the concept of Combined Gravitational Action (CGA) we have established the CGA-theoretical foundations as an alternative gravity theory that already allowed us to resolve -in its context- some unexpected and defiant problems occurred inside and outside the Solar System. All that has been done without exploring fully the CGA-formalism, hence, the main purpose of the present paper is to explore and exploit profoundly the CGA-equations in order to investigate, among other things, the secular perigee precession of the Moon; the secular perihelion advance of the planets; the CGA-effects in the non-compact and compact stellar objects.
Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 3 Pages. 1 illustration, 1 picture
The objects that cause charge separation are labeled by mainstream scientists as “pulsars”, by the author as “embryonic galaxies” and by plasma cosmologists as “plasmoids”. Therefore it is reasonable to assume that the formation of new galaxies/charge separation/fusion occurs in objects called “pulsars/embryonic galaxies/plasmoids”. A borrowed illustration is connected to an actual picture of natural phenomenon. Fusion does not occur in stars, fusion occurs during galaxy birth.
Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 3 Pages. 15 references
It is understood that stars cool and shrink to become what are called “planets”, as they are the same objects. This understanding holds the ability to reason that the determination of “gravitation” being caused by “mass” is in doubt. Out of the box reasoning to explain gravitation is also provided in this short paper, and an explanation as to what does NOT cause gravitation as believed by 20th century Black Hole/Big Bang/Einstein/Hawking Scientism.
Authors: Alon Retter
Comments: 8 Pages. a minor correction in Table 2 (add a minus sign at the right end of the 4th line)
It is a known fact that like people, some stars are singles, many others tend to couple in binaries, and fewer are in triples etc. The distribution of multiplicity in the 4559 brightest nearby stars was matched with that of human adults in house-hold in six countries, in which this information could be dug and estimated. A strong resemblance between the two curves is evident. Monte Carlo simulations suggest that this result is significant at a confidence level higher than 98%. Apparently, there should be no connection between the two populations, thus this striking result may supply some clues about the way Nature works. It is noted that extended versions of this work were proposed three years ago, and two predictions of this absurd model have already been verified.
Newton discovered the dynamic law of universal gravity, based on his principles of kinetic physics and Kepler's three laws of planetary motion in the Solar system. However, astronomers observed larger material systems in the universe that are galaxies. If Newton's theory was applicable to galaxies then stars would rotate around the galaxy center at a speed decreasing with the distance from the center. However, astronomical observation shows that the speed is constant regardless of the distance. This is called the problem of constant rotational curves. It is the dark cloud hanging over twentieth century physics. Fortunately, Dr. Jin He found out that the observational galaxy structure is rational. This suggests Jin He might be a modern Kepler. In this article we present Cylindrical Conjecture on galaxy force field based on Jin He's observational result. The conjecture simply proves constant rotational curves. We are looking for a modern Newton who will develop the conjecture into a systematic theory on galaxy dynamics, be the conjecture a cosmic truth.
Authors: Dhananjay P. Mehendale
Comments: 5 pages
We propose a new technique for detecting gravitational waves that rests on Weber-like setup plus a specially arranged double slit experiment in which we suggest to make distance between the slits as much small as possible with present state of the technology. We make these two slits in the Weber bar itself, equidistant from center of thin Weber bar, to be suspended along y-axis and kept in the y-z plane and suppose the gravitational waves will be falling perpendicularly on this suspended Weber bar having specially made two slits near the center as mentioned along x-direction. This technique is based on detecting oscillations produced in the fringe pattern formed due to interference between light waves passing through two slits made in the suspended Weber bar due to squeezing and elongation of this antenna leading to variation in the distance between the slits made in this antenna when this antenna will get exposed to incoming gravitational waves, in the x-direction. Let the separation between slits be d say. When plane gravitational waves will be passing this apparatus by falling perpendicularly on y-z plane there will be switching of direction of elongation and contraction periodically in such a way that there will be elongation along y-direction and contraction along z-direction and then the reversal of these conditions, i.e. there will be contraction along y-direction and elongation along z-direction. Due to this the separation between these parallel slits will be changing periodically. This variation will essentially amount to variation in the fringe pattern. If this variation that is expected in the fringe pattern could be found then it will conclude the arrival and passing of gravitational waves!
Authors: M. E. Hassani
Comments: 6 Pages.
By using the IS units and applying the dimensional analysis to the apsidal motion equations, we show more conclusively that their current formulation in astronomy and astrophysics is conceptually, mathematically and physically incorrect and highly questionable since it was erroneously used in several research articles. Consequently, we cannot use these apsidal motion equations, at least in their present form, as a decisive test of alternative gravity theories and theoretical models of internal stellar structure and evolution. Thus the main purpose of this paper is to draw theorists’ attention to such a fallacy in order to establish new, correct, clear and concise equations.
Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 26 Pages. 26
According to Quantum FFF Theory, the FORM and MICROSTRUCTURE of elementary particles, is supposed to be the origin of FUNCTIONAL differences between Higgs- Graviton- Photon- and Fermion particles.
As a result, a new splitting, accelerating and pairing massless dual Black Hole system in space, seems to be able to convert vacuum energy (ZPE) efficiently into real electric energy by entropy decrease between electrons and quarks, creating a nuclear electric potential by charge separation around the BH horizon.
At the same time, dark matter observations around ( dwarf) galaxies show point like characteristics as a support for the additional assumption that all dark matter will come into the form of Black Holes of different particle Quantum Knot content.
The electric energy production of Stellar Anchor Black Holes (SABHs), seem to be able to explain quick Star- and Galaxy formation, by Birkeland Currents and so called Alfven Circuits. However, smaller ( new paradigm) Black holes (created by magnetic interference and Radio Frequency currents) are supposed to be responsible for Sunspots, micro-Comets, Ball Lightning and even as multiple so called Quantum Knots inside Plasma Balls in the laboratory.
It is postulated that some specific shaped singular photonic particles seem to be able to form compose complex Quantum Knots or micro black holes as the origin of electric potentials observed inside RF generated Plasma balls and heat production inside Silicon based ball lightning experiments in the lab.
Reason to describe a laboratory system, to show the possibility of Micro Birkeland Alfven current circuit generation between RF generated plasma balls as a future possibility to generate electric energy ( Zero Point Electric Energy: ZPEE) on earth on large and smalls scales
Authors: Stan Bumble
Comments: 8 Pages.
Abstract; An Application of Statistical Mechanics to Dark Energy
A reexamination of a past application of order-disorder theory to a new two dimensional application produces a toy model of “dark energy.” This model of the universe contains negative pressure. The model depicts sparse basic geometric figures having vertices covered with celestial objects. Most of the basic figures are empty or considered as vacuum covered. There are interactions between the occupied adjacent vertices of the basic figures. The basic figures change from a point to a bond to a triangle and, as larger basic figures are considered, the results become more accurate as the mathematics become more difficult. There is no need in this application to resort to phenomena as negative mass or anti matter, etc. in order to explain dark energy as has been done in some other publications. However, new publications that refer to entangled growth and coevolution of correlated multiplex networks seem appropriate.