Authors: Jeremy Dunning-Davies
Comments: 5 Pages.
Black holes are favourite objects for so many different groups of people to discuss. Many physicists discuss them quite seriously, while their possible existence must bring great joy to writers of science fiction. However, what is the theoretical background for their existence and what precisely is meant by the term ‘black hole’?
Authors: Jeffrey J Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.
Accretion disks via gravity, magnetism or electricity do not exist. They are simply failed hypothesis used to explain away the formation of planets, exo-planets and stars which have no observational or theoretical basis.
Authors: A.W. Beckwith
Comments: 10 Pages. Will be heavily edited in the next few days
What is the physical nature of gravitinos? As asked before, this question was the template of how to introduce Machian Physics as a way to link gravitinos in the electro weak era and gravitons as of the present. What we wish to do now is to ask how a flaw in the Higgs equation as brought up by Comway shows a branch off from orthodox quantum physics, leading to, with the Machs principle application done earlier a way to embed the beginning of the universe as a semi classical super structure of which QM is sub set of. We argue that this will necessitate a review of the Higgs equation of state for reasons stated in the manuscript. We also finally review a proprosal for another form of mass formation mechanism as a replacement for the Higgs mass as introduced by Glinka and Beckwith, 2012, with commentary as to how suitable it may be to get a gravitino mass in fidelity to the Machian proposal introduced by Beckwith previously, to get linkage between electroweak era gravitinos and present day gravitons
Humans have recognized the natural entity of galaxies for over ninety years. Dr. He initiated the concept of rational structure and applied it to the study of galaxy structure in 2001. The main reason is that galaxy arms trace their way on the galaxy disk plane elegantly so that the ratio of stellar density on the left side of the route to the one on the right is constant along the way. This is comparable to the elegant principle of natural selection. From now on, we call galaxy arms 'Darwin spirals' or 'Darwin curves' instead of calling them 'iso-ratio curves' or 'proportion curves'. If Dr. He's study is proved to be truth, then galaxy arms must be the disturbance to rational structure. The disturbance generates dust and gas which nurture human lives. This might be a clue to the important issue of life origin.
Authors: Nicolae Mazilu
Comments: 19 Pages.
The astrophysics literature tries to make a case for the existence of a supermassive black hole at the center of Milky Way, in the location of the radio source Sagittarius A*. We think that, with arguments of the very same nature, the evidence points quite to the contrary. While the observational data on the orbits of the starry objects around Sagittarius A*, being of a projective character, are entirely reliable, their physical explanation uses quite a particular type of Newtonian forces, namely those with magnitude depending exclusively on the distance between bodies. To begin with, this limitation assumes a priori that the bodies connected by such forces are special material points, viz. space positions endowed with mass. At space scales such as that of the galactic center region in discussion, this assumption is not realistic, and therefore, implicitly, such particular forces are themselves not quite realistic. Still using Newtonian forces in argument, strongly suggested by observational data as a matter of fact, one should allow, on such an occasion, their full generality. This means that we only need to assume that they are central forces with no other further constraints. Within the framework of the Newtonian theory of forces this freedom has important theoretical consequences discussed in the present work. Among these the chief one, from astrophysical point of view, is that the presence of a supermassive black hole in the center of Milky Way might not be a sustainable assumption. An alternative is presented.
Authors: A.W. Beckwith
Comments: 20 Pages. FINAL ( I hope) edits for the Hadronic press. Attempted to make a camera ready PDF and word document for them
The Machs principle as unveiled in this paper is really a statement as to information conservation, with gravitons and gravitinos being information carriers.This Mach’s principle application has tremendous implications as far as if quantum mechanics is essential to formation of information in early universe physics In addition, we review Gryzinski’s inelastic scattering results which have close fidelity to a normally quantum result of inelastic scattering in atomic hydrogen calculations and suggest that forming Planck’s parameter we set as h bar (t), in this document could also be due to semiclassical processes, initially, leaving open the possibility quantum processes, initially are not mandatory in terms of formation of initial formulation of constants put into the Machian relations used in this paper.
Authors: Jeffrey J. Wolynski
Comments: 7 Pages.
Dark matter and energy are simply celestial objects that are solids, liquids and gases. We can show this by recalculating the mass of the Sun using Newton’s equations for gravitational force in reference to movement of the tides on Earth. We can also show this by recalculating the density of the Sun based off its moment of inertia for a spherical body and its long period global harmonic oscillations.
Authors: Mahgoub Salih
Comments: 7 Pages.
The solution of geodesic equation for Schwarzschild’s metric is used to estimate the precession of perihelion of the planets with aid of the critical photon orbit‘s radius and Schwarzschild’s radius. We introduced new equation of outer planets.