Astrophysics

1903 Submissions

[43] viXra:1903.0574 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-31 06:35:49

Break Axion as Dark Matter Theory

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

Leslie Rosenberg, a physicist with the University of Washington has published a paper in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, describing the current state of research that involves investigating the possibility that axions are what make up dark matter. [27] Physicists from MIT and elsewhere have performed the first run of a new experiment to detect axions-hypothetical particles that are predicted to be among the lightest particles in the universe. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] "We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit." [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter-the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20]
Category: Astrophysics

[42] viXra:1903.0571 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-31 08:12:24

Closeup Image of a Black Hole

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

We're about to see the first close-up of a black hole. [23] In short, the concept of a black hole gravity machine presents humanity with a plausible path to becoming an interstellar species. In the meantime, the study of the concept will provide SETI researchers with another possible technosignature to look for. [22] Physicists have used a seven-qubit quantum computer to simulate the scrambling of information inside a black hole, heralding a future in which entangled quantum bits might be used to probe the mysterious interiors of these bizarre objects. [21] Rotating black holes and computers that use quantum-mechanical phenomena to process information are topics that have fascinated science lovers for decades, but even the most innovative thinkers rarely put them together. [20]
Category: Astrophysics

[41] viXra:1903.0569 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-31 10:16:53

The Sun Gravity Concept is Unreal (Proves)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 16 Pages.

The Hypothesis "There's No Gravity Found By The Sun" This paper provides 5 proves for this hypothesis which are: 1-Planet Orbital Distance disproves The Sun Gravity Concept 2-The Sun Gravity Value disproves The Sun Gravity Concept 3-The Planet Velocity disproves The Sun Gravity Concept 4-The moon orbit analysis proves the solar group current description is incorrect. 5-The Solar Group is One Machine consists of all solar planets.
Category: Astrophysics

[40] viXra:1903.0565 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-31 17:01:15

There Are Relativistic Effects In The Solar Group

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 24 Pages.

The Main Hypothesis "There Are Relativistic Effects In The Solar Group" We can't observe the higher velocity which produces these relativistic effects but we can observe the relativistic effects which are produced by it. As proves for the relativistic effects, I may refer to the following: 1.The Earth Moon Motion … 2.Mercury Day Period… The previous 2 phenomena should be discussed in this paper with many other as proves for the relativistic effects are found in the solar group geometry. This Papers provides 2 Points 1st Point : The Relativistic Effects Proves 2nd Point : The Relativistic effects Geometrical Meaning and Description.
Category: Astrophysics

[39] viXra:1903.0564 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-31 17:07:13

Lowering Abundances During Stellar Metamorphosis: Three Types of Elemental and Isotopic Decay

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages. 1 hand written note

There are three types elemental and isotopic decay during planet formation (stellar evolution). The first is isotopic abundances lowering, the second is light element loss, and finally the loss of radioactive isotopes, due to radioactive decay. Wording of these types of decay processes will change as the theory is developed, and explanation is provided with a handwritten note.
Category: Astrophysics

[38] viXra:1903.0563 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-31 19:38:45

Eddington’s Mass-Luminosity Relationship: A Violation of the Laws of Thermodynamics

Authors: Stephen J. Crothers, Pierre-Marie Robitaille
Comments: 13 Pages.

This is a copy of the slides for a talk presented at the Spring Meeting of the Ohio Section of the American Physical Society in Wooster, Ohio on March 30, 2019: http://meetings.aps.org/Meeting/OSS19/Session/F02.5
Category: Astrophysics

[37] viXra:1903.0556 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-30 07:51:37

Sun's Magnetic Field Ten Times Stronger

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 21 Pages.

The sun's magnetic field is ten times stronger than previously believed, new research from Queen's University Belfast and Aberystwyth University has revealed. [19] University of Southern Denmark researchers have conducted simulations of dark matter particles hitting the Earth. [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called "dark photons" in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron-proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[36] viXra:1903.0539 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-29 07:59:29

Neutrino is a Neutral Electron

Authors: Antonio PUCCINI
Comments: 10 Pages.

As known the brilliant idea of a new particle came to Pauli (fully shared by Fermi) to compensate the energy-mass gap that emerged from the disintegration of the neutron, or negative  decay (d): N P + e. The basic requirements originally requested by Pauli and Fermi for the new particle, or 3rd particle (called neutrino), are essentially three: it is electrically neutral and it must have the same mass and spin of an electron. Therefore, if the mass of the neutrino () corresponded to that assumed by Pauli and Fermi, the mass gap problem of the βd would be brilliantly solved. However, the current upper limits of the mass of the  are <2eV. Here we show that a clear incongruity comes out: the mass attributed to the  will never be able to solve the energy gap problem of the βd ; it takes  250˙000  to compensate the energy-mass gap. Unless we consider, instead of , another particle, probably still unknown, as the 3rd particle of βd. To find a solution, we hypothesized the existence of an electron with no electric charge: a neutral electron (e°).
Category: Astrophysics

[35] viXra:1903.0538 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-29 08:14:22

Superconducting Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 34 Pages.

Superconducting nanowires could be used as both targets and sensors for the direct detection of dark matter, physicists in Israel and the US have shown. [24] "We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit." [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter-the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20] Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in Germany have now come up with a new theory on how dark matter may have been formed shortly after the origin of the universe. [19] Map of dark matter made from gravitational lensing measurements of 26 million galaxies in the Dark Energy Survey. [18] CfA astronomers Annalisa Pillepich and Lars Hernquist and their colleagues compared gravitationally distorted Hubble images of the galaxy cluster Abell 2744 and two other clusters with the results of computer simulations of dark matter haloes. [17] In a paper published July 20 in the journal Physical Review Letters, an international team of cosmologists uses data from the intergalactic medium-the vast, largely empty space between galaxies-to narrow down what dark matter could be. [16] But a new hypothesis might have gotten us closer to figuring out its identity, because physicists now suspect that dark matter has been changing forms this whole time-from ghostly particles in the Universe's biggest structures, to a strange, superfluid state at smaller scales. And we might soon have the tools to confirm it. [15] Superfluids may exist inside neutron stars, and some researchers have speculated that space-time itself may be a superfluid. So why shouldn't dark matter have a superfluid phase, too? [14] "The best result on dark matter so far-and we just got started." This is how scientists behind XENON1T, now the most sensitive dark matter experiment worldwide , commented on their first result from a short 30-day run presented today to the scientific community. [13] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron-proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter. SIMPs would resolve certain discrepancies between simulations of the distribution of dark matter, like this one, and the observed properties of the galaxies. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[34] viXra:1903.0530 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-29 13:27:58

Fast Radio Bursts from Terraformation

Authors: Almog Yalinewich, Mubdi Rahman, Alysa Obertas, Patrick C. Breysse
Comments: 5 Pages.

Fast radio bursts (FRBs) are, as the name implies, short and intense pulses of radiation at wavelengths of roughly one metre. FRBs have extremely high brightness temperatures, which points to a coherent source of radiation. The energy of a single burst ranges from $10^{36}$ to $10^{39}$ erg. At the high end of the energy range, FRBs have enough energy to unbind an earth-sized planet, and even at the low end, there is enough energy to vaporise and unbind the atmosphere and the oceans. We therefore propose that FRBs are signatures of an artificial terraformer, capable of eradicating life on another planet, or even destroy the planet entirely. The necessary energy can be harvested from Wolf-Rayet stars with a Dyson sphere ($\sim 10^{38}$ erg s$^{-1}$) , and the radiation can be readily produced by astrophysical masers. We refer to this mechanism as Volatile Amplification of a Destructive Emission of Radiation (VADER). We use the observational information to constrain the properties of the apparatus. We speculate that the non-repeating FRBs are low-energy pulses used to exterminate life on a single planet, but leaving it otherwise intact, and that the stronger repeating FRB is part of an effort to destroy multiple objects in the same solar system, perhaps as a preventative measure against panspermia. In this picture, the persistent synchrotron source associated with the first repeating FRB arises from the energy harvesting process. Finally we propose that Oumuamua might have resulted from a destruction of a planet in this manner.
Category: Astrophysics

[33] viXra:1903.0517 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-28 10:20:42

Dark Matter Constrain

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 26 Pages.

Researchers from Russia, Finland, and the U.S. have put a constraint on the theoretical model of dark matter particles by analyzing data from astronomical observations of active galactic nuclei. [20] Just how quickly is the dark matter near Earth zipping around? The speed of dark matter has far-reaching consequences for modern astrophysical research, but this fundamental property has eluded researchers for years. [19] A NASA rocket experiment could use the Doppler effect to look for signs of dark matter in mysterious X-ray emissions from space. [18] CfA astronomers Annalisa Pillepich and Lars Hernquist and their colleagues compared gravitationally distorted Hubble images of the galaxy cluster Abell 2744 and two other clusters with the results of computer simulations of dark matter haloes. [17] In a paper published July 20 in the journal Physical Review Letters, an international team of cosmologists uses data from the intergalactic medium-the vast, largely empty space between galaxies-to narrow down what dark matter could be. [16] But a new hypothesis might have gotten us closer to figuring out its identity, because physicists now suspect that dark matter has been changing forms this whole time-from ghostly particles in the Universe's biggest structures, to a strange, superfluid state at smaller scales. And we might soon have the tools to confirm it. [15] Superfluids may exist inside neutron stars, and some researchers have speculated that space-time itself may be a superfluid. So why shouldn't dark matter have a superfluid phase, too? [14] "The best result on dark matter so far-and we just got started." This is how scientists behind XENON1T, now the most sensitive dark matter experiment worldwide , commented on their first result from a short 30-day run presented today to the scientific community. [13] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron-proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter. SIMPs would resolve certain discrepancies between simulations of the distribution of dark matter, like this one, and the observed properties of the galaxies. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[32] viXra:1903.0515 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-28 10:39:58

Galaxies Defy Dark Matter Theory

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 28 Pages.

After drawing both praise and skepticism, the team of astronomers who discovered NGC 1052-DF2-the very first known galaxy to contain little to no dark matter-are back with stronger evidence about its bizarre nature. [21] Researchers from Russia, Finland, and the U.S. have put a constraint on the theoretical model of dark matter particles by analyzing data from astronomical observations of active galactic nuclei. [20] Just how quickly is the dark matter near Earth zipping around? The speed of dark matter has far-reaching consequences for modern astrophysical research, but this fundamental property has eluded researchers for years. [19] A NASA rocket experiment could use the Doppler effect to look for signs of dark matter in mysterious X-ray emissions from space. [18] CfA astronomers Annalisa Pillepich and Lars Hernquist and their colleagues compared gravitationally distorted Hubble images of the galaxy cluster Abell 2744 and two other clusters with the results of computer simulations of dark matter haloes. [17] In a paper published July 20 in the journal Physical Review Letters, an international team of cosmologists uses data from the intergalactic medium-the vast, largely empty space between galaxies-to narrow down what dark matter could be. [16] But a new hypothesis might have gotten us closer to figuring out its identity, because physicists now suspect that dark matter has been changing forms this whole time-from ghostly particles in the Universe's biggest structures, to a strange, superfluid state at smaller scales. And we might soon have the tools to confirm it. [15] Superfluids may exist inside neutron stars, and some researchers have speculated that space-time itself may be a superfluid. So why shouldn't dark matter have a superfluid phase, too? [14] "The best result on dark matter so far-and we just got started." This is how scientists behind XENON1T, now the most sensitive dark matter experiment worldwide , commented on their first result from a short 30-day run presented today to the scientific community. [13] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron-proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter. SIMPs would resolve certain discrepancies between simulations of the distribution of dark matter, like this one, and the observed properties of the galaxies. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[31] viXra:1903.0508 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-29 04:00:10

No Evidence of Axions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

Physicists from MIT and elsewhere have performed the first run of a new experiment to detect axions-hypothetical particles that are predicted to be among the lightest particles in the universe. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] "We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit." [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter-the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20] Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in Germany have now come up with a new theory on how dark matter may have been formed shortly after the origin of the universe. [19] Map of dark matter made from gravitational lensing measurements of 26 million galaxies in the Dark Energy Survey. [18]
Category: Astrophysics

[30] viXra:1903.0498 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-27 08:50:23

Black Hole in Radio Galaxy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

Italian astronomers have conducted an X-ray analysis of the accreting supermassive black hole in the broad line radio galaxy PKS 2251+11 as part of a study aimed at investigating the galaxy's nuclear environment. [24] All massive galaxies are believed to host supermassive black holes (SMBH) at their centers that grow by accreting mass from their environment. [23]
Category: Astrophysics

[29] viXra:1903.0489 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-27 20:28:27

Does Earth Velocity Causes The Eclipse Phenomena? (T.S. Eclipse III)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 7 Pages.

We continue our discussion about the total solar eclipse…. Why We See the Sun Disc = the Moon Disc? (T.S. Eclipse II) Total Solar Eclipse Analysis (Part I) In this paper we ask does Earth velocity effects on total solar eclipse? We deal here with the velocity and not the motion That means The question can be as following: If Earth moves by different velocity, can that effect on the eclipse phenomena? Let's think …. Why the total solar eclipse is occurred? Because the moon moves between the sun and Earth…! It's NOT Enough…. Venus moves between the sun and Earth but doesn't cause any solar eclipse…. The point here that we see the sun disc = the moon disc…. That's why when the moon moves between the sun and Earth that creates solar eclipse…. Why we see the moon disc = the sun disc? We have discussed that in (part II) Here we deal with new question… If Earth velocity changes, does it effect on the solar eclipse? Let's think The total solar eclipse is a process done by 3 players (Earth, moon and the sun). to put the three planets on the same straight line we need some configuration between the 3 planets motions to produce the angle 180 degrees between the 3 players… So Earth velocity is a player which faces the 2 other players… any velocity change may effect on the eclipse geometrical structure but to perform the eclipse event the three players have to cooperate with each other… The Concept (Cooperation And Integration) This concept is what I try frequently to explain and prove. Without the cooperation and integration between the planets the solar group can't be found or even can't be created…! The cooperation is the source of life But what's this cooperation? While we understood the unit 1 meter by some meaning, and we understood the unit 1 second by another meaning…so our advanced description (in our mind) prevent us completely to think that 1 second may be very near to 1 meter… these 2 values are not similar or equal by any way..! the time is time and distance is a distance… we keep by heart! But What's The Time? No definition What's the distance? How can I create a distance? From what the distance is created? All such questions have no answers…! That's what I'm trying here to do…let's summarize my idea in following: 1st.The solar group is one machine, each planet is a gear in this same machine and no one planet can move or even can be found alone because each planet is a part in one body or one machine. 2nd.The cooperation between these planets is the source of their lives- that means the solar planets cooperation is started in their data! What does that mean? oThe planet data is created to be cooperative with other planets data and that means we can't see any truth when we study just one planet because this planet is just a part of a whole system – only in the whole system we can see the effect of this data clearly – Eclipse Phenomena is an example. oThe planets data have their definitions, and this is our main difficulty because the imaginary description in our minds which doesn't depend on any planet data prevents us to understand any truth we may reach from the solar planets data analysis- for example – I claim there's a real relationship between Earth and Pluto (Pluto Data Shows a Relationship with Earth) oNo one will accept this claim (Earth Pluto Relationship), of course because the huge distance between both where gravity prevents such relationship to be found… that's my point of fighting…. The imaginary description is the gravity and the distance effect on gravity…! Where the planet data tells clearly there's a relationship, please open your eyes to see it, But we believe the gravity which is trustee more than any eyes…. So we have another argument to fight for …let's write it down here How The Planet Orbital Distance Is Defined? By gravity…the gravitation equation defines the planet orbital distance… ! Let's examine this answer 1st critic / Mercury – Venus – Earth ….. these 3 planets order lead us to conclude that, there's some relationship between the planet diameter and his orbital distance With a clear rule "Greater Diameter needs Greater Orbital Distance" The current theory tells us this is pure coincidences! But There's a similar order (but reversed). Let's see that Jupiter – Saturn – Uranus – Neptune – Pluto The previous order tells us a reversed rule "Greater Diameter needs Shorter Orbital Distance" Something is occurred with Mars which caused the rule to be reversed after Mars! The current theory still consider this second order also as "pure Coincidences" But URANUS DIAMETER IS GREATER THAN NEPTUNE DIAMETER, where NEPTUNE MASS IS GREATER THAN URANUS… That tells us the solar planets order is done Depending On The Diameter And Not On The Mass! disproving the gravity concept …! 2nd Critic/ If the planet moves by gravity, and defines his orbital distance by the gravitation equation, which depends on the masses, why Jupiter isn't in place of Mercury? Why the greatest Mass has no shortest orbital distance? According to the gravitation equation (m/r2)? The told answer is because of the initial points!! And why we accept the gravitation equation based on that if there's no any proof for it?! For myself I try to understand and don't believe deeply the current theory So the conclusions are clear before my eyes 1-There's A Relationship Between The Planet Diameter And His Orbital Distance 2-Mars causes Disturbance For This Relationship It's hard fighting – but for what? What we should do to understand better the solar group geometry? We should see the contradictions between the planet data and the current theory, then we should create an alternative theory (much better theory) to explain the solar planets motions and origin In this paper while we discuss the eclipse phenomena as cover – in fact the fighting is around the Motion and Velocity Definitions
Category: Astrophysics

[28] viXra:1903.0475 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-26 11:58:07

Before the Big Bang

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 57 Pages.

A team of scientists has proposed a powerful new test for inflation, the theory that the universe dramatically expanded in size in a fleeting fraction of a second right after the A signal caused by the very first stars to form in the universe has been picked up by a tiny but highly specialised radio telescope in the remote Western Australian desert. [27] This week, scientists from around the world who gathered at the University of California, Los Angeles, at the Dark Matter 2018 Symposium learned of new results in the search for evidence of the elusive material in Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) by the DarkSide-50 detector. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24]
Category: Astrophysics

[27] viXra:1903.0443 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-26 06:49:02

Listening to the Quantum Vacuum

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

Since the historic finding of gravitational waves from two black holes colliding over a billion light years away was made in 2015, physicists are advancing knowledge about the limits on the precision of the measurements that will help improve the next generation of tools and technology used by gravitational wave scientists. [31] Physicists in the United States, Austria and Brazil have shown that shaking ultracold Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) can cause them to either divide into uniform segments or shatter into unpredictable splinters, depending on the frequency of the shaking. [30] In terms of physics, the interiors of neutron stars, cold atomic gasses and nuclear systems all have one thing in common: they are gaseous systems made up of highly interactive, superfluid fermions. [29] Engineers at MIT and Penn State University have found that under the right conditions, ordinary clear water droplets on a transparent surface can produce brilliant colors, without the addition of inks or dyes. [28]
Category: Astrophysics

[26] viXra:1903.0407 [pdf] replaced on 2019-04-19 12:19:34

Gravitational Index of Refraction

Authors: D.H.W. Reffer
Comments: 4 Pages. Replacement of the General Theory of Relativity

Henceforth the fact is admitted as an axiom that all bodies in the universe set up gravitationally the universal optical medium, named gravitational ether, whose strength—from which we derive its index of refraction—is the sum of all relative-velocity dependent gravitational potentials, hence both nonuniform in space and changing in time as bodies move. Besides, Einstein’s E = mc 2 is of gravitational cosmological nature, including pure Newtonian.
Category: Astrophysics

[25] viXra:1903.0405 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-22 16:34:36

The Iron/Nickel Cores of Ancient Stars as Leftover Catalyst

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages.

It is explained that the iron/nickel cores of ancient stars are composed of unconsumed catalyst used in the chemical reactions required to form many chemical compounds found on rocky highly evolved stars. As well, it explains why only specific elements are found with the iron/nickel composites, it is because they are also function as catalysts, such as platinum, copper and gallium, which can be unconsumed in the process.
Category: Astrophysics

[24] viXra:1903.0394 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-21 17:23:43

In Ferent Quantum Gravity there Are 3 Universes: the Dark Matter Universe, the Matter Universe and the Spiritual Universe

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 326 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

In Ferent Quantum Gravity there are 3 Universes: the Dark Matter universe, the Matter universe and the Spiritual universe. “Because there are 3 walls, there are 3 Universes: the Dark Matter universe, the Matter universe and the Spiritual universe.” Adrian Ferent “In our Universe at Ferent wall emerged the Dark Matter universe, at Planck wall emerged the Matter universe and at Spiritual wall emerged the Spiritual universe.” Adrian Ferent “I discovered that: a < h < s” Adrian Ferent “In our Universe at Ferent wall emerged the Dark Matter universe, at Planck wall inside the Dark Matter universe emerged the Matter universe and at Spiritual wall inside the Matter universe emerged the Spiritual universe.” Adrian Ferent “The Dark Matter universe is much bigger than the Matter universe and the Matter universe is much bigger than the Spiritual universe.” Adrian Ferent “We live in 3 universes: the Dark Matter universe, the Matter universe and the Spiritual universe” Adrian Ferent Multiverse represents multiple domains in the universe with different properties. Here multiverse means multiple universes, means multiple contiguous domains within a larger universe, each with different properties such as different values of the physical parameters and different structures. Our universe is an island where the parameters, the space have enough complexity, to lead to a fascinating world, with forms of life. Our universe is the Planck universe. Ferent Quantum Gravity theory explains what happened at Ferent wall and after the expansion of the Universe attains the Ferent wall. There are 3 walls: the Ferent wall, the Planck wall and the Spiritual wall. “There are 3 walls in our Universe: the Ferent wall with the constant ‘a’, the Planck wall with the constant ‘h’ and the Spiritual wall with the constant ‘s’.” Adrian Ferent The most general form of the time-dependent Ferent equation of the Universe. “Ferent equation of the material and spiritual Universe:” Adrian Ferent “I discovered that: a < h < s” Adrian Ferent “In our Universe at Ferent wall emerged Dark Matter, at Planck wall emerged Matter and at Spiritual wall emerged Spiritual Matter.” Adrian Ferent “Because there are 3 walls, there are 3 Universes: the Dark Matter universe, the Matter universe and the Spiritual universe.” Adrian Ferent “In our Universe at Ferent wall emerged the Dark Matter universe, at Planck wall emerged the Matter universe and at Spiritual wall emerged the Spiritual universe.” Adrian Ferent The Universe as a quantum system! The time-dependent Ferent equation of the Universe, which gives a description of the Universe as quantum system, made of Matter, N elementary particles, Dark Matter, M elementary particles, and Spiritual Matter, L elementary particles, evolving in time. “Ferent equation of the material and spiritual Universe:” Adrian Ferent This means: “In our Universe at Ferent wall emerged the Dark Matter universe, at Planck wall inside the Dark Matter universe emerged the Matter universe and at Spiritual wall inside the Matter universe emerged the Spiritual universe.” Adrian Ferent “The Dark Matter universe is much bigger than the Matter universe and the Matter universe is much bigger than the Spiritual universe.” Adrian Ferent Proof of Ferent Quantum Gravity: Ferent Quantum Gravity is right because in our galaxy there is 5 times more Dark Matter than Matter. This means the Dark Matter universe is much bigger than the Matter universe. “We live in 3 universes: the Dark Matter universe, the Matter universe and the Spiritual universe” Adrian Ferent 192. I am the first who discovered that because there are 3 walls, there are 3 Universes: the Dark Matter universe, the Matter universe and the Spiritual universe 193. I am the first who discovered that in our Universe at Ferent wall emerged the Dark Matter universe, at Planck wall emerged the Matter universe and at Spiritual wall emerged the Spiritual universe 194. I am the first who discovered that: a < h < s 195. I am the first who discovered that in our Universe at Ferent wall emerged the Dark Matter universe, at Planck wall inside the Dark Matter universe emerged the Matter universe and at Spiritual wall inside the Matter universe emerged the Spiritual universe 196. I am the first who discovered that the Dark Matter universe is much bigger than the Matter universe and the Matter universe is much bigger than the Spiritual universe 197. I am the first who discovered that we live in 3 universes: the Dark Matter universe, the Matter universe and the Spiritual universe
Category: Astrophysics

[23] viXra:1903.0378 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-20 12:22:11

A Mechanism of Accelerating and Jerking Expansion of Universe

Authors: Hui Peng
Comments: 20 Pages. thanks very much for consideration of my paper

In 2016, scientists report that the acceleration of the expansion of the universe could be accelerating, denote as jerk universe. We notice that the acceleration of the expanding universe is attributed to linear-effect of gravity, and believe that the jerk is linear-effect as well. We face two tasks: (1) A single dynamic mechanism is required to explain both acceleration and jerk; (2) higher order derivative theories of gravity is needed to govern jerk. We propose a theory-independent dynamic mechanism and extend Newton’s and linearized Einstein’s theory to contain high order differential evolution equations for time-varying source, gravitational field, and movement. We show that the mechanism, (1) predicts repulsive gravitational force, explain the accelerating expansion without fine-tuning problem, and provide an explanation of the jerk; (2) provides a candidate for driving inflation; (3) suggests a new understanding of the nature of dark energy, and postulates gravitational-charge/dark energy duality. Generalized linearized Einstein’s theory predicts that the accelerated receding objects in the universe emit gravitational wave.
Category: Astrophysics

[22] viXra:1903.0359 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-19 09:48:23

Dark Energy Particle is the Photon

Authors: Antonio PUCCINI
Comments: 39 Pages.

The Dark Energy (DE) is a mysterious, un-eliminable energy distributed, as a fluid, evenly throughout the whole Universe. The nature of the Dark Energy Particles (DEP) is unknown. DE appears to be associated with vacuum in space. Just the omnipresent quantum vacuum energy is the key element to help us understand the characteristics, profile and properties of DEP, for us represented ultimately by photons (Ps) but, likely, not Ps of the optical band. Probably DE is the sum of the common photonic energy of a lot of Ps, often inexorably amassed and thickened by the Gravity Interaction, until the radiation cannot be further compressed. These concepts are elegantly confirmed by the equation: PV 4/3 = C . Consequently, from each individual P triggers an energetic repulsive action, which, summing up (by the Overlap Principle), acts in unison as a counter-pressure. To trigger this counter-pressure, is the mass-energy density of a very compact wall of Ps, no further compressible. DE is ubiquitously widespread both within intergalactic and intra-atomic space, between the nucleus and the orbiting electrons: the latter is a space notoriously swarming of Ps. In our opinion, DEP are conveyed by Ps, also of different energies, engaged in various tasks and operating contexts, sometimes peculiar and/or unusual, whose common denominator is represented by the impossibility of being compressed beyond a determined limit. In short, DE is represented by a Photonics Counter-Pressure, or negative pressure, that is expansive, repulsive, anti-gravitational, exerted by Ps no further compressible. As well-known in fact, Ps are not ethereal and dimensionless particles. Ps are the Planck grains, equals to: 6.6261027[ergs] 10n [c/s], where n indicates the number of oscillations per second of a single P.
Category: Astrophysics

[21] viXra:1903.0352 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-19 22:40:43

Positive Energy of Gravitational Field

Authors: Hu iPeng
Comments: 22 Pages. thanks for publish my article

The issues, such as the negative energy density of the gravito-static field and the lack of an energy-momentum tensor in General Relativity (GR), have a long history. To provide possible resolutions for these issues, based on the U (1) gauge theory of gravity, the gravito-static and gravito-magnetic field lines are introduced for the positive/negative gravitational charge and current, respectively. It is shown that the direction of gravitational force acting on a negative gravitational charge is opposite to that of the gravitational field. Then we show that positive energy is stored in the gravitational field and that the exchanged energy between the gravitational field and gravitational charges/currents is always positive. The energy-momentum tensor,T_g^μν,of the vector gravitational field is introduced and has the following physical properties: (1) symmetric, T_g^μν= T_g^νμ; (2) positive energy density, T_g^00>0; (3) zero trace, T_gμ^μ=0; (4) conserved, (∂T_gν^μ)/(∂x_μ )=0; (5) localizable.
Category: Astrophysics

[20] viXra:1903.0351 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-19 22:46:50

Negative Gravitational Charge and Theories of Gravity

Authors: Hui Peng
Comments: 30 Pages. thanks very much for consideration of my paper

The purpose of this article is to identify laws that would describe gravitation if negative gravitational mass/gravitational charge (g-charge) exists. WEP is generalized to establish correlations between mass and positive/negative g-charge (Q_(g+)/Q_(g-)), although Q_(g-) on Earth would fall upward. Newton’s theory and Einstein’s theory are generalized to describe behaviors of objects carrying Q_(g-). A significant conclusion is that, as long as Q_(g-) is introduced, all of Newton’s theory, Gravitodynamics and Einstein’s theory explain the accelerated expansion of Universe equally well without needs of “negative pressure” and “cosmological constant” that has fine-tuning issue. This implies that this mechanism of the cosmological phenomenon is universal and theory independent, which strongly supports the existence of negative g-charges. Moreover the acceleration is increasing with time. Gravitodynamics and generalized Einstein’s theory predict: (1) gravitational wave (GW_-) emitted by Q_(g-); (2) GW_- cannot be distinguished from GW_+ emitted by Q_(g+).
Category: Astrophysics

[19] viXra:1903.0348 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-20 03:49:19

The Effects of Astronomical Bodies on Imouto’s Local Solutions to Rankine–Hugoniot Equations.

Authors: P. Gomez, P. Gomez, Tiddles the cat, P. Erdős, P. Gomez
Comments: 8 pages; published in Modern Aviation and Sexology Daily

We herein present a proof of the existence and smoothness of the Navier-Stokes equations via a new method of manipulating Calabi-Yau manifolds, which in turn leads us to a disproof by contradiction of the Collatz conjecture; four separate, independent proofs of the Jacobian conjecture; a complete decipherment of Linear A; a method of determining whether or not a book is worth reading based on its cover alone; and an entire new field of mathematics which we hereby name ”Weird Calculus”. We completely and utterly fail to present any convincing arguments, but at least there’s some nice text art. We make no attempt to clarify anything in the field. Astute readers may notice the complete lack of content and coherence in this paper.
Category: Astrophysics

[18] viXra:1903.0344 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-18 07:04:44

X-ray Bright Galactic Nuclei

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 28 Pages.

All massive galaxies are believed to host supermassive black holes (SMBH) at their centers that grow by accreting mass from their environment. [23] In short, the concept of a black hole gravity machine presents humanity with a plausible path to becoming an interstellar species. In the meantime, the study of the concept will provide SETI researchers with another possible technosignature to look for. [22] Physicists have used a seven-qubit quantum computer to simulate the scrambling of information inside a black hole, heralding a future in which entangled quantum bits might be used to probe the mysterious interiors of these bizarre objects. [21]
Category: Astrophysics

[17] viXra:1903.0322 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-17 10:27:04

Why We See the Sun Disc = the Moon Disc? (T.S. Eclipse II)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 12 Pages.

This paper discusses Mercury Data to prove 3 conclusions which are: 1-The solar group is one machine, each planet is a gear in this same machine. (i.e. each solar planet depends on other solar planets in his Origin And Motion). 2-Mercury Data shows a relationship with Jupiter can't be explained by gravity concept or any current theory. (i.e. The Solar Group Current Theory Is Insufficient) 3-Special Theory of Relativity provides empirical results only and need a theoretical extension to be a complete theory. (Specifically, the theory needs to explain why the lorentz length contraction phenomenon is done and what geometrical effect it practices) The paper also suggest the following idea "The Time existence depends on relativistic effects" i.e. "Time Definition" is a process extends beyond the human daily experiences This paper completes the previous discussion Total Solar Eclipse Analysis (Part I)
Category: Astrophysics

[16] viXra:1903.0293 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-16 05:33:20

Black Holes Conquer Space

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

In short, the concept of a black hole gravity machine presents humanity with a plausible path to becoming an interstellar species. In the meantime, the study of the concept will provide SETI researchers with another possible technosignature to look for. [22] Physicists have used a seven-qubit quantum computer to simulate the scrambling of information inside a black hole, heralding a future in which entangled quantum bits might be used to probe the mysterious interiors of these bizarre objects. [21]
Category: Astrophysics

[15] viXra:1903.0290 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-14 07:18:29

Specifications for Elementary Particles, Dark Matter, Dark Energy, and Unifying Physics Theories

Authors: Thomas J. Buckholtz
Comments: 27 Pages.

We suggest united models and specific predictions regarding elementary particles, dark matter, aspects of galaxy evolution, dark energy, and aspects of the cosmology timeline. Results include specific predictions for new elementary particles and specific descriptions of dark matter and dark energy. Some of our modeling matches known elementary particles and extrapolates to predict other elementary particles, including bases for dark matter. Some modeling explains observed ratios of effects of dark matter to effects of ordinary matter. Some models suggest aspects of galaxy formation and evolution. Some modeling correlates with eras of increases or decreases in the observed rate of expansion of the universe. Our modeling framework features mathematics for isotropic quantum harmonic oscillators and provides a framework for creating and unifying physics theories. Aspects of our approach emphasize existence of elementary particles and de-emphasize motion. Some of our models complement traditional quantum field theory and, for example, traditional calculations of anomalous magnetic dipole moments.
Category: Astrophysics

[14] viXra:1903.0217 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-11 12:12:24

Space Radiation Detector Masterpieces

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 36 Pages.

Technology originally developed for CERN's Large Hadron Collider and then flown in space by ESA is now being used to analyse historic artworks, helping to detect forgeries. [25] Entangled photons generated by a spaceborne quantum source could enable hack-proof key exchange for ultra high security applications. [24] These qubits are based on silicon carbide in which molybdenum impurities create color centers. [23] Scientists at Radboud University discovered a new mechanism for magnetic storage of information in the smallest unit of matter: a single atom. [22] One of these are single-atom magnets: storage devices consisting of individual atoms stuck ("adsorbed") on a surface, each atom able to store a single bit of data that can be written and read using quantum mechanics. [21] Physicists have experimentally demonstrated 18-qubit entanglement, which is the largest entangled state achieved so far with individual control of each qubit. [20] University of Adelaide-led research has moved the world one step closer to reliable, high-performance quantum computing. [19] A team of researchers with members from IBM Research-Zurich and RWTH Aachen University has announced the development of a new PCM (phase change memory) design that offers miniaturized memory cell volume down to three nanometers. [18] Monatomic glassy antimony might be used as a new type of single-element phase change memory. [17] Physicists have designed a 3-D quantum memory that addresses the tradeoff between achieving long storage times and fast readout times, while at the same time maintaining a compact form. [16] Quantum memories are devices that can store quantum information for a later time, which are usually implemented by storing and re-emitting photons with certain quantum states. [15]
Category: Astrophysics

[13] viXra:1903.0211 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-11 18:02:25

Sunqm-3s4: Using {N,n} QM Structure and Multiplier N’ to Analyze Saturn’s (And Other Planets’) Ring Structure

Authors: Yi Cao
Comments: 19 Pages.

All Saturn rings do follow p{N,n} QM structure. By using planet’s Earth-sized core as pCore{0,1} and r1, Saturn’s inner core, outer core, surface, B-ring, and moons of Mimas, Enceladus, Tethys, Dione, and Rhea, are almost perfectly at pCore{0,n=1..9//3} orbits or sizes. Also Uranus’ major ring (ε ring), and its minor moons Portia, Puck, and its major moons Miranna, Arial, Umbriel, Titania, Oberon, are at orbit of pCore{0,n//2} with n ≈ 3, 3, 4, 5, 6,7, 9, and 10 approximately. All major rings of gas/ice planet are at Δn = +1 out of planet’s surface (if using their Earth-sized core as r1). For Neptune and Uranus, both of their surfaces are at pCore{0,2//2} size, and their major rings are at pCore{0,3//2} orbit. For Saturn and Jupiter, both of their surfaces are at around pCore{0,3//3} size, and their major rings are at pCore{0,4//3} orbit. By comparing between similar massed planets, the pCore{N,n} QM structure analysis suggests that Uranus’ ring is younger than that of Neptune’s, and Saturn’s ring is younger than that of Jupiter’s. Saturn’s major ring (B-ring, base frequency n=4)’s inner edge can be described by a multiplier n’ = 4*3^6 - 167 = 2749, its outer edge can be described by n’ = 4*3^6 +225 = 3141, and its thickness can be described by n’ =4*3^25 = 3.39E+12. Saturn’s A, B, C, D rings may follow the radial probability density distribution curve. We can use p{N,n} QM and r^2 *|R(n,l)|^2 *|Y(l,m)|^2 to build Saturn major ring’s true 3D structure probability function as shown in equation-4.
Category: Astrophysics

[12] viXra:1903.0197 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-10 09:05:16

Two Colliding Galaxies

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 66 Pages.

Located in the constellation of Hercules, about 230 million light-years away, NGC 6052 is a pair of colliding galaxies. [38] Matter is composed of chemical elements mainly created in stars via nuclear reactions and complex nuclear reaction networks. [37] These particles are produced by stellar flares or by shock waves driven by magnetic events in the stellar corona. [36] Researchers have investigated wave-particle interactions between energetic electrons and chorus waves evolving in the space surrounding the Earth using the scientific satellite Arase and, simultaneously, transient auroral flashes by the ground-based global observation network. [35] The universe consists of a massive imbalance between matter and antimatter. [34] Our universe could be the mirror image of an antimatter universe extending backwards in time before the Big Bang. [33] "As you celebrate New Year's Day, cast an eye upward and think for a moment about the amazing things our country and our species can do when we set our minds to it," Stern wrote in the New York Times on Monday. [32] Our senses are stuck in the past. There's a flash of lightning, and then seconds pass until we hear the rumble of distant thunder. We hear the past. [31] ESA's technical centre in the Netherlands has begun running a pulsar-based clock. The "PulChron' system measures the passing of time using millisecond-frequency radio pulses from multiple fast-spinning neutron stars. [30] VR is an almost perfect avenue for this approach, since it has been surging in popularity as both entertainment and an educational tool. [29] Using MAGIC telescopes and NASA's Fermi spacecraft, an international team of astronomers has discovered a new source of very high energy gamma-ray emission around the supernova remnant (SNR) G24.7+0.6. [28]
Category: Astrophysics

[11] viXra:1903.0173 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-09 06:06:50

Nuclear Reactions in Stars

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 66 Pages.

Matter is composed of chemical elements mainly created in stars via nuclear reactions and complex nuclear reaction networks. [37] These particles are produced by stellar flares or by shock waves driven by magnetic events in the stellar corona. [36] Researchers have investigated wave-particle interactions between energetic electrons and chorus waves evolving in the space surrounding the Earth using the scientific satellite Arase and, simultaneously, transient auroral flashes by the ground-based global observation network. [35] The universe consists of a massive imbalance between matter and antimatter. [34] Our universe could be the mirror image of an antimatter universe extending backwards in time before the Big Bang. [33] "As you celebrate New Year's Day, cast an eye upward and think for a moment about the amazing things our country and our species can do when we set our minds to it," Stern wrote in the New York Times on Monday. [32] Our senses are stuck in the past. There's a flash of lightning, and then seconds pass until we hear the rumble of distant thunder. We hear the past. [31] ESA's technical centre in the Netherlands has begun running a pulsar-based clock. The "PulChron' system measures the passing of time using millisecond-frequency radio pulses from multiple fast-spinning neutron stars. [30] VR is an almost perfect avenue for this approach, since it has been surging in popularity as both entertainment and an educational tool. [29] Using MAGIC telescopes and NASA's Fermi spacecraft, an international team of astronomers has discovered a new source of very high energy gamma-ray emission around the supernova remnant (SNR) G24.7+0.6. [28] In 1973, Russian physicist A.B. Migdal predicted the phenomenon of pion condensation above a critical, extremely high-several times higher than that for normal matter-nuclear density. [27]
Category: Astrophysics

[10] viXra:1903.0165 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-09 12:35:33

Counter-deception in Astronomy: Unmasking the Second Greatest Astronomical Deception

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 5 Pages.

In this paper I will try my best to explain how nature has deceived millions of scientists and researchers, as well as how those very same scientists and researchers spread the deception. The deception is as follows, it is believed that a "star" is something mutually exclusive of "planet". It is the second greatest astronomical deception because the greatest was the belief that Earth was the center of the Solar System. Unmasking the Second Greatest astronomical deception needed more data, but now requires the humility to acknowledge the deception. Now that the data has already been obtained and the discovery made, we can review how the deception took place. There is a lot more to this than what I will write about here, this is just to serve as a back drop for future reference and research into what went wrong. It is suggested for the reader to study counter-deception and intelligence gathering processes in the political and military sphere as well as the scientific, as they are all very, very similar.
Category: Astrophysics

[9] viXra:1903.0132 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-07 07:31:53

Entangled Qubits Probe Black Holes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 25 Pages.

Physicists have used a seven-qubit quantum computer to simulate the scrambling of information inside a black hole, heralding a future in which entangled quantum bits might be used to probe the mysterious interiors of these bizarre objects. [21] Rotating black holes and computers that use quantum-mechanical phenomena to process information are topics that have fascinated science lovers for decades, but even the most innovative thinkers rarely put them together. [20]
Category: Astrophysics

[8] viXra:1903.0122 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-07 20:14:15

Polar "Hot Spots" Are Caused by Birkeland Currents

Authors: Anonymous
Comments: 1 Page.

The now accepted theory of sun-Earth Birkeland currents, what astro-physicists call "magnetic ropes" or "flux ropes", provides a mechanism to explain polar "hot spots" on planets throughout the solar system.
Category: Astrophysics

[7] viXra:1903.0115 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-06 07:19:17

Galaxies, Photon Mass on Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

With this in mind, the physicists Dmitri Ryutov, Dmitry Budker and Victor Flambaum have suggested that the rotational dynamics of galaxies might be explained by other factors. They hypothesize that the mass of photons, which are particles of light, might be responsible. [31] Europe's physics lab CERN on Tuesday said it was planning a new experiment to look for particles associated with dark matter which is believed to make up some 27 percent of the universe. [30]
Category: Astrophysics

[6] viXra:1903.0109 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-06 11:21:17

An Analysis of the Rotation Curves of Disk Galaxies Using the Sparc Catalogue

Authors: Jo Ke
Comments: 20 Pages.

The SPARC catalogue of disk galaxies contains data on both the rotation curves and the baryonic matter distributions. This data set enables an analysis to be carried out to see whether a simple weighting function applied to the matter distributions can explain the rotation curves, without the need for any dark matter. It turns out that the radial distance raised to a small negative power is such a weighting function and it is sufficient to explain the observed rotation curves. This observational result leads to a new expression for the rotation curve with only one adjustable parameter.
Category: Astrophysics

[5] viXra:1903.0091 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-05 07:52:07

Total Solar Eclipse Analysis (Part I)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 12 Pages.

Why the total solar eclipse is occurred? Why We See The Sun Disc = The Moon Disc? We know this answer…. because (Earth orbital distance/ Earth moon distance) = (sun diameter/ Moon diameter) Now The question is…"Is there a geometrical reason behind the previous equation?" The current theory tells us No ….It's just pure coincidence….! But easily we can guess that, there's some geometrical reason behind and the current theory is incorrect Let's see this same equation in more clear light (Sun diameter / Earth moon distance) = (Earth Diameter / Moon diameter) (Equ. No. II) Equation No. II This equation has specific significance Let's analyze The Left Part in following: 1-The Sun Diameter = Jupiter Circumference x π(error 1.5%) 2-Earth Moon Distance 378675 km (Solar Eclipse Radius) =Saturn Circumference We know that, 3-(2 Saturn Circumference) = (2 Jupiter Circumference – Jupiter Diameter) 4-Solar Planets Diameters Total = 2 Jupiter diameters + 1 Saturn diameter we'll try to explain this data in this paper
Category: Astrophysics

[4] viXra:1903.0071 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-04 08:43:29

Quantum Effects in Superfluid Fermions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

In terms of physics, the interiors of neutron stars, cold atomic gasses and nuclear systems all have one thing in common: they are gaseous systems made up of highly interactive, superfluid fermions. [29] Engineers at MIT and Penn State University have found that under the right conditions, ordinary clear water droplets on a transparent surface can produce brilliant colors, without the addition of inks or dyes. [28]
Category: Astrophysics

[3] viXra:1903.0057 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-03 06:16:28

Test for LISA Technology

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

For the first time, it has been possible to test laser measurement technology for LISA in laboratories almost under mission conditions. [20] RUDN mathematicians analyzed the properties of gravitational waves in a generalized affine-metrical space (an algebraic construction operating on the notions of a vector and a point) similarly to the properties of electromagnetic waves in Minkowski space-time. [19]
Category: Astrophysics

[2] viXra:1903.0038 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-02 07:10:05

What's The Solar Planet Nature?

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 10 Pages.

What's The Solar Planet Nature? The Planet existence proves 3 claims at least 1-The planet existence is a proof that, There's a relationship between other planets based which the new planet is created. 2-The space is Energy with different densities 3-The Matter is created from Space by energy accumulation process (Shortly, The Planet Is A Relationship Between Other Planets) I.e. The first Matter in universe is created from Space Energy, and any other matter is created by this same way …., but… The Second Matter Is Created In Geometrical Relationship With The First One…
Category: Astrophysics

[1] viXra:1903.0011 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-02 04:39:43

Hiding Black Hole

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

These results provide a new method to search for other hidden black holes and help us understand the growth and evolution of black holes. [34] Physically, a black hole is defined by the presence of a singularity, i.e., a region of space, bounded by an 'event horizon', within which the mass/energy density becomes infinite, and the normally well-behaved laws of physics no longer apply. [33]
Category: Astrophysics