Astrophysics

1805 Submissions

[19] viXra:1805.0402 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-21 14:15:55

A Categorization and Analysis of the `constant Lagrangian' Fits of the Galaxy Rotation Curves of the Complete Sparc Database of 175 Galaxies.

Authors: E.P.J. de Haas
Comments: 117 Pages.

In this paper I categorize and analyze the `constant Lagrangian' model fits I made of the complete SPARC database of 175 galaxies. Of the 175 galaxies, 45 allowed a single fit rotation curve, so about 26 percent. Another 9 galaxies could almost be plotted on a single fit. Then 30 galaxies could be fitted really nice on crossing dual curves. The reason for the appearance of this dual curve, in its two versions, could be given and related to the galactic constitution and dynamics. Another 25 galaxies could be fitted on parallel transition dual curves. This appearance could also be related to galactic dynamics and galactic mass distribution. Then there were the 19 multiple fit galaxies, complex extended galaxies, the complexities of which could be analyzed on the basis of the 4 types of dual fits. In total 128 of the 175 galaxies could be fitted and analyzed very well to reasonably well within the error margins. That is a 73 percent success rate. This amazing result rules out stochastic coincidence as an explanation of those fits. In my opinion, the success of the `constant Lagrangian' approach indicates that the problem of the galaxy rotation curves can be solved on the basis of the principle of conservation of energy.
Category: Astrophysics

[18] viXra:1805.0389 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-22 08:20:13

Convincing Confirmation of Exclusive Model of the Proton Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.v. in Atomic Measurement the Proton Can be Presented as a Positron Kernel with an Electron Shell.

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

In atomic measurement the proton can be presented as a positron kernel with an electron shell.
Category: Astrophysics

[17] viXra:1805.0373 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-20 10:57:33

Island of Stellar Stability

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 7 Pages. 1 graph

It is presented a graph where the radii and mass of over 200 stars is presented as an island of evolutionary stability. Stars that are stable and evolve normally becoming "planets" fit on this island. The stars move towards the origin, (0,0). The idea for this is from the isotope island of stability, where elements are stable, versus where they can fly apart during radioactive decay.
Category: Astrophysics

[16] viXra:1805.0342 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-18 11:00:06

A `constant Lagrangian' Fit of the Galaxy Rotation Curves of the Complete Sparc Database of 175 Galaxies.

Authors: E.P.J. de Haas
Comments: 195 Pages.

In this paper I apply the `constant Lagrangian' model for galactic dynamics to the complete SPARC database of 175 galaxies. For twenty five percent, 43 out of 175, of the galaxies of the series, a single fit model already remains nicely within the error margins. Fifteen galaxies are more complicated and clearly need a threefold fit. One exceptional galaxy justified five fits. So 116 galaxies, 66 percent, have a dual fit. The multiple fit appears to follow the mass composition of galaxies as composed of a bulge, possibly a disk and mostly extended gas clouds. As in previous papers, I will first repeat a presentation of the `constant Lagrangian' approach. The original part of this paper is the fit of the complete set of the SPARC database and a first categorization of the result in single, dual, triple or multiple fit galaxies. Through the extensive database fit, the `constant Lagrangian' approach can be inverted from a deductive to an inductive result: huge stretches of all galaxies can be fitted on a constant Lagrangian curve, while remaining within the empirical margin of errors. This paper's galaxy fits prove this restricted claim beyond doubt. The issue then becomes to explain this empirical, inductive result.
Category: Astrophysics

[15] viXra:1805.0293 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-17 13:06:49

What is the Space?

Authors: Michael Tzoumpas
Comments: 5 Pages.

By the unified theory of dynamic space has been there a forecast of the follow observation that, parallel moving photons of different frequency, reduce locally the cohesive pressure of space, resulting to move with different speeds. So, the photons with higher frequency slow down against parallel moving photons with lower frequency, as on delay in gamma rays from galaxy Markarian 501 was observed. This observation proves that space contains unseen forces, which are evident as deformations of space, such as in the above theory are described. Accordingly, for the great problem of Physics and Philosophy, "What is the space?", there is the answer-solution: "The dynamic space".
Category: Astrophysics

[14] viXra:1805.0272 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-13 12:29:17

WASP-107b, a Star that Will Never Form Life

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages.

It is hypothesized that WASP-107b is a middle aged star that has fallen below the Taylor Threshold. Size is replace by mass of the WT Diagram on the Y-axis as well. Other atmospheric thresholds will need to be designed inside of the general theory.
Category: Astrophysics

[13] viXra:1805.0271 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-13 13:36:04

Space Gardening

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 25 Pages.

But NASA has decided that gardening in space will be crucial for the next generation of explorers, who need to feed themselves on missions to the Moon or Mars that may last months or years. [9] Astrophysicists at Frankfurt, the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, and Nijmegen, collaborating in the project BlackHoleCam, answer this question by computing the first images of feeding non-Einsteinian black holes: it is presently hard to tell them apart from standard black holes. [8] Using data from the first-ever gravitational waves detected last year, along with a theoretical analysis, physicists have shown that gravitational waves may oscillate between two different forms called "g" and "f"-type gravitational waves. [7] Astronomy experiments could soon test an idea developed by Albert Einstein almost exactly a century ago, scientists say. [6] It's estimated that 27% of all the matter in the universe is invisible, while everything from PB&J sandwiches to quasars accounts for just 4.9%. But a new theory of gravity proposed by theoretical physicist Erik Verlinde of the University of Amsterdam found out a way to dispense with the pesky stuff. [5] The proposal by the trio though phrased in a way as to suggest it's a solution to the arrow of time problem, is not likely to be addressed as such by the physics community— it's more likely to be considered as yet another theory that works mathematically, yet still can't answer the basic question of what is time. [4] The Weak Interaction transforms an electric charge in the diffraction pattern from one side to the other side, causing an electric dipole momentum change, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The Neutrino Oscillation of the Weak Interaction shows that it is a General electric dipole change and it is possible to any other temperature dependent entropy and information changing diffraction pattern of atoms, molecules and even complicated biological living structures.
Category: Astrophysics

[12] viXra:1805.0264 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-14 04:09:25

Dark Matter in Multiverse

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

A Multiverse—where our Universe is only one of many—might not be as inhospitable to life as previously thought, according to new research. [30] Astrophysicists from the University of Surrey and the University of Edinburgh have created a new method to measure the amount of dark matter at the centre of tiny "dwarf" galaxies. [29] A research team of multiple institutes, including the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan and University of Tokyo, released an unprecedentedly wide and sharp dark matter map based on the newly obtained imaging data by Hyper Suprime-Cam on the Subaru Telescope. [28] A signal caused by the very first stars to form in the universe has been picked up by a tiny but highly specialised radio telescope in the remote Western Australian desert. [27] This week, scientists from around the world who gathered at the University of California, Los Angeles, at the Dark Matter 2018 Symposium learned of new results in the search for evidence of the elusive material in Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) by the DarkSide-50 detector. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] " We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit. " [23]
Category: Astrophysics

[11] viXra:1805.0253 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-14 10:43:51

Laser Systems for Space

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 20 Pages.

JOKARUS experiment on sounding rocket successfully completed. Corner stone for laser ranging measurements with the highest precision and precursor for optical satellite navigation systems. [13] Exploding stars lit the way for our understanding of the universe, but researchers are still in the dark about many of their features. [12] A team of scientists from Russia and China has developed a model explaining the nature of high-energy cosmic rays (CRs) in our galaxy. These CRs have energies exceeding those produced by supernova explosions by one or two orders of magnitude. [11] On August 14, 2017, a groundbreaking University of Maryland-designed cosmic ray detector will travel to the International Space Station (ISS) aboard the SpaceX-12 Commercial Resupply Service mission. [10] It was because of these characteristics that it was proposed to give this new class of variable stars the acronym BLAPS, i.e. Blue Large-Amplitude Pulsators. [9] Researchers at the University of Southampton have cast doubt over established explanations for certain behaviours in pulsars-highly magnetised rotating neutron stars, formed from the remains of supernovae. [8] Installed on the International Space Station, by mid-July it will commence its scientific work – to study the exotic astrophysical objects known as neutron stars and examine whether they could be used as deep-space navigation beacons for future generations of spacecraft. [7] NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory has discovered the first direct evidence for a superfluid, a bizarre, friction-free state of matter, at the core of a neutron star. Superfluids created in laboratories on Earth exhibit remarkable properties, such as the ability to climb upward and escape airtight containers. The finding has important implications for understanding nuclear interactions in matter at the highest known densities. [6] This paper explains the Accelerating Universe, the Special and General Relativity from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the moving electric charges. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The Big Bang caused acceleration created the radial currents of the matter and since the matter composed of negative and positive charges, these currents are creating magnetic field and attracting forces between the parallel moving electric currents. This is the gravitational force experienced by the matter, and also the mass is result of the electromagnetic forces between the charged particles. The positive and negative charged currents attracts each other or by the magnetic forces or by the much stronger electrostatic forces. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy.
Category: Astrophysics

[10] viXra:1805.0224 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-12 04:01:53

Binaries Detectable by LISA

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 21 Pages.

The historic first detection of gravitational waves from colliding black holes far outside our galaxy opened a new window to understanding the universe. [8] Using data from the first-ever gravitational waves detected last year, along with a theoretical analysis, physicists have shown that gravitational waves may oscillate between two different forms called "g" and "f"-type gravitational waves. [7] Astronomy experiments could soon test an idea developed by Albert Einstein almost exactly a century ago, scientists say. [6] It's estimated that 27% of all the matter in the universe is invisible, while everything from PB&J sandwiches to quasars accounts for just 4.9%. But a new theory of gravity proposed by theoretical physicist Erik Verlinde of the University of Amsterdam found out a way to dispense with the pesky stuff. [5] The proposal by the trio though phrased in a way as to suggest it's a solution to the arrow of time problem, is not likely to be addressed as such by the physics community— it's more likely to be considered as yet another theory that works mathematically, yet still can't answer the basic question of what is time. [4] The Weak Interaction transforms an electric charge in the diffraction pattern from one side to the other side, causing an electric dipole momentum change, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The Neutrino Oscillation of the Weak Interaction shows that it is a General electric dipole change and it is possible to any other temperature dependent entropy and information changing diffraction pattern of atoms, molecules and even complicated biological living structures.
Category: Astrophysics

[9] viXra:1805.0180 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-10 01:09:25

ФИЗИЧЕСКАЯ ИЛЛЮЗИЯ ЧИСЛА ПИ Никитин В.Н., Никитин И.В. Гипотезы, исключающие возможность физического существования числа Пи.

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

Гипотезы, исключающие возможность физического существования числа Пи.
Category: Astrophysics

[8] viXra:1805.0178 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-08 05:21:44

To and Fro Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.v. in the Present We Observe a Projection of Surrounding Space on an Information Field of Earth.

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

In the present we observe a projection of surrounding space on an information field of Earth.
Category: Astrophysics

[7] viXra:1805.0168 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-08 10:35:45

A `constant Lagrangian' Fit of the Galaxy Rotation Curves of the `F-Series' from the Sparc Database.

Authors: E.P.J. de Haas
Comments: 31 Pages.

In this paper I apply the `constant Lagrangian' model for galactic dynamics to the F-series of the SPARC database. I will fit the experimental rotation curves of the $16$ `F' galaxies from this database using the dual fit approach. This means that one fit is made for the stars dominated region of one galaxy. Another fit is added for the gas dominated region of the same galaxy. The dual fit approach results in a rotation curve fit that mostly remains within the observational error margins. For some galaxies of the series a single model already remains nicely within the error margins and then doesn't really justify a dual fit. Some galaxies are more complicated and problably need a threefold fit. This dual fit approach follows the mass composition of galaxies as composed of a bulge, possibly a disk and mostly extended gas clouds.
Category: Astrophysics

[6] viXra:1805.0164 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-08 15:00:29

Percentage Ratios for Life in Stellar Metamorphosis

Authors: Barrington Taylor, Jeffrey Wolynski
Comments: 3 Pages.

The time scales and percentage rates involved in stellar evolution cannot be emphasized enough. Explanation to show this is provided.
Category: Astrophysics

[5] viXra:1805.0145 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-07 10:34:33

Most Sensitive Dark Matter Experiments

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 58 Pages.

The U.S. Department of Energy has approved funding and start of construction for the SuperCDMS SNOLAB experiment, which will begin operations in the early 2020s to hunt for hypothetical dark matter particles called weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs. [32] Thanks to low-noise superconducting quantum amplifiers invented at the University of California, Berkeley, physicists are now embarking on the most sensitive search yet for axions, one of today's top candidates for dark matter. [31] The Axion Dark Matter Experiment (ADMX) at the University of Washington in Seattle has finally reached the sensitivity needed to detect axions if they make up dark matter, physicists report today in Physical Review Letters. [30]
Category: Astrophysics

[4] viXra:1805.0081 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-02 14:27:42

Solar Group Geometrical Structure

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 70 Pages.

-The rate 1.0725 is found frequently between many solar planets orbital and internal distances (a constant rate) -I suggest this rate is found because of Lorentz Contraction Phenomenon i.e. -There's a difference in velocities = "light velocity" between 2 motions in the solar group (even if we can't measure or notice this velocities difference) i.e. There's More Than One Frame In The Solar Group This paper suggests a clear argument as following: 1.The solar group is created by light beams, but we see these light beams in different forms (as matters and distances) 2.We see the light as matter (Specifically, bright fringes produced by light coherence we see as matters, where dark fringes we see as distances) 3.We see bright fringes as matters because our mind works by light velocity (Mind Thinking Process), so the whole matter around us is found because of the human mind effect. 4.to enable us to see the sun rays, Earth has to move with light velocity relative to the sun, to create a difference in velocities = c velocity 5.So, the sun creation depends on the difference in Earth and Sun motions = c velocity. 6.That's why Lorentz contraction phenomenon is seen in the solar orbital and internal distances, specifically with the constant rate = 1.0725, (which equals 7.25%), where the sun obliquity to ecliptic (7.25 degrees). 7.means, the sun creation process contains Lorentz Phenomenon Effect on the solar orbital and internal distances (and on many other values) 8.The Distance can be defined as "A Form Of Energy", which is proved by the moon orbit regression yearly 19 degrees (Metonic Cycle) (otherwise how distance can move?) (that supports the claim that, distances are dark fringes produced by light coherence) This Paper Consists Of 2 Parts 1st Part : Theory Of Matter Creation 2nd Part : Application on the theory (the solar group creation from the light) Starting From The Solar Group First Energy Explaining The Energy Coherence (light coherence) Discovering The Matter Creation Providing The Solar Group Motions Harmony Reasons
Category: Astrophysics

[3] viXra:1805.0056 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-03 10:30:34

Secrets of Dense Nuclear Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 22 Pages.

New insights into the properties of neutron stars have come from two independent analyses of gravitational waves from the GW170817 neutron-star merger. [8] Using data from the first-ever gravitational waves detected last year, along with a theoretical analysis, physicists have shown that gravitational waves may oscillate between two different forms called "g" and "f"-type gravitational waves. [7] Astronomy experiments could soon test an idea developed by Albert Einstein almost exactly a century ago, scientists say. [6] It's estimated that 27% of all the matter in the universe is invisible, while everything from PB&J sandwiches to quasars accounts for just 4.9%. But a new theory of gravity proposed by theoretical physicist Erik Verlinde of the University of Amsterdam found out a way to dispense with the pesky stuff. [5] The proposal by the trio though phrased in a way as to suggest it's a solution to the arrow of time problem, is not likely to be addressed as such by the physics community— it's more likely to be considered as yet another theory that works mathematically, yet still can't answer the basic question of what is time. [4] The Weak Interaction transforms an electric charge in the diffraction pattern from one side to the other side, causing an electric dipole momentum change, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The Neutrino Oscillation of the Weak Interaction shows that it is a General electric dipole change and it is possible to any other temperature dependent entropy and information changing diffraction pattern of atoms, molecules and even complicated biological living structures.
Category: Astrophysics

[2] viXra:1805.0049 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-01 09:21:31

A New Vision of Our Universe.

Authors: Durgadas Datta.
Comments: 7 Pages. A new vision in modern physics.

A new vision beyond standard model to understand our universe.
Category: Astrophysics

[1] viXra:1805.0047 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-01 11:27:05

A Stars-Gas Dual Fit Result in the `constant Lagrangian' Model for Galactic Dynamics When Applied to the Sparc Database

Authors: E.P.J. de Haas
Comments: 41 Pages.

In this paper I apply the `constant Lagrangian' model for galactic dynamics to a subset of the SPARC database. I will fit $25$ galaxies from this database using the dual fit approach. This means that one fit is made for the stars dominated region of one galaxy. Another fit is added for the gas dominated region of the same galaxy. Both are presented in one single graph. The switch from stars dominated to gas dominated is sometimes visible as a ``wiggle'' in the total rotation velocity, as for exampe in the rotation curve of NGC 1560. I will demonstrate that this more or less visible``wiggle'' is part of the rotation velocity curve of almost every galaxy in the sample. The dual fit approach results in a rotation curve fit that mostly remains within the observational error margins.
Category: Astrophysics