Authors: José Francisco García Juliá
Comments: 3 pages.
The constancy of the rotational velocity curves of the spiral galaxies from large
distances from their galactic centers could be due to their geometries in form of arms.
Authors: Lyndon Ashmore
Comments: 11 pages. Paper accepted for the 18th NPA conference in maryland USA July 2011.
The solar flare of July 23rd, 2002 was the first γ - ray flare to be observed in high resolution by the Reuven
Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager (RHESSI). The observations showed unexpectedly high
redshifts in the γ - rays detected, but with no 'apparent pattern'. The shifts appear to be intrinsic as they occur
along a direct line of sight and not perpendicular to the solar surface as expected by Doppler effects. This paper
looks at the wavelengths of the observed photons and, in particular, the shift in each wavelength suffered by
the six nuclear de-excitation lines of 12C, 56Fe, 24Mg, 20Ne, 16O, 26Si. What is found is that the data falls into two
distinct sets. Each set has the shift in wavelength D? directly proportional to the wavelength λ as predicted by
'New Tired Light (NTL)'. It is proposed that Si and Fe are at a different levels in the solar atmosphere than the
others and so photons from these interactions travel shorter distances through the solar plasma and thus undergo
smaller redshifts. There also appears to be a quantisation in the shifts of the lines with five of the six lines
showing shifts in wavelengths in multiples of 2.0x10-16 m. These results are an anomaly in the mainstream 'expansion'
theories of redshift but are consistent with the NTL theory. Here, collision cross-sections (and hence
shifts in wavelength) are proportional to the wavelength of the photon and redshifts are caused by discrete
shifts in wavelength when photons interact with electrons in the plasma through which they travel. That is, as
the photons escape the solar plasma they undergo one, two, three, four (and so on) interactions where they experience
a shift in wavelength of 2.0x10-16 m each time. Importantly, line widths also provide direct evidence for
NTL which predicts that the line widths should experience a statistical broadening that increases as
N - where N is the number of interactions suffered by the photons. For large shifts in wavelength the data shows a
linear relation between FWHM (Full line Width at Half Maximum) and N as predicted by NTL where mainstream
theories predict no variation. These results are compared to the measurements of the solar flare of October
2003 and are in good agreement..
Authors: Elemér E Rosinger
Comments: 5 pages.
Two highly consequential limitations in ETI studies are brie
Authors: Lyndon Ashmore
Comments: 4 pages. Accepted for presentation and publication in the proceedings at the 18th NPA conference in maryland USA
Recent developments in laser induced plasma have shown that the characteristic recombination lines
from atoms within the plasma itself are redshifted. Importantly, the experimental results show that the redshift
of these lines increases with the free electron density of the plasma. Long predicted by exponents of alternative
theories to the Big Bang, these intrinsic redshifts produced by plasma in the laboratory give credence to such
theories. This paper gives an overview of the laboratory results of Chen et al and relates them to the predictions
previously made by the New Tired Light Theory. The plasma induced redshift, line broadening are all as predicted
by New Tired Light. A further laboratory test is suggested whereby New Tired Light predicts the wavelength
of the secondary radiation ( λ = 0.1mm) emitted by the plasma - should New Tired Light be responsible
for the redshifts. If this relatively easy and inexpensive test is carried out then it could settle the matter once and
for all. Regardless of this, now that it has been shown in the laboratory that plasma induce intrinsic redshifts,
will this be incorporated into the Big Bang theory? The Universe is a big place filled with plasma and these
laboratory results show that this plasma induces redshifts. Experience tells me that mainstream science will ignore