Astrophysics

1801 Submissions

[37] viXra:1801.0404 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-29 22:53:58

Look for at the Bottom … Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.v. Blue Educations on Mercury Are Similar to "Blueberry" on Mars and Are Confirmation of Exclusive Hypotheses of a Structure and Origin of Satellites and Planets of Solar System.

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

Blue educations on Mercury are similar to "blueberry" on Mars and are confirmation of exclusive hypotheses of a structure and origin of satellites and planets of Solar system.
Category: Astrophysics

[36] viXra:1801.0403 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-29 23:02:03

Also, as All Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.v. Mercury in the Future Will Turn Into the Satellite of Venus

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

Mercury in the future will turn into the satellite of Venus
Category: Astrophysics

[35] viXra:1801.0402 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-29 23:10:09

Have Pleased Under the Gravitational Guillotine Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.v. Interaction of Material Objects Needs to be Considered Taking Into Account a Possibility of Existence of a Horizontal Component of Gravitation.

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

Interaction of material objects needs to be considered taking into account a possibility of existence of a horizontal component of gravitation.
Category: Astrophysics

[34] viXra:1801.0401 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-29 23:18:41

Now it is Clear Where to Look for Magnetic Field Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.v.magnetic Field of Objects of the Universe Can be Internal.

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

Magnetic field of objects of the Universe can be internal.
Category: Astrophysics

[33] viXra:1801.0400 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-29 23:36:24

Space Tsunami Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.v. Exclusive Hypothesis of the Cause of a Tsunami as Result of Emergence and Movement of Gravitational Educations in the Top Layers of a Cloak Concerning the Earth's Surface, Solves Also the Mystery of Existence of W

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 2 Pages.

Exclusive hypothesis of the cause of a tsunami as result of emergence and movement of gravitational educations in the top layers of a cloak concerning the Earth's surface, solves also the mystery of existence of waves of the satellite of Saturn of Prometheus.
Category: Astrophysics

[32] viXra:1801.0399 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-29 23:59:20

Gegenüberstellung Zweier Technischer Anwendungen Zur Umwandlung Der Rotationsenergie Der Erde in Elektrische Energie

Authors: Robert Stach
Comments: 2 Pages.

Gegenüberstellung zweier technischer Anwendungen zur Umwandlung der Rotationsenergie der Erde in elektrische Energie
Category: Astrophysics

[31] viXra:1801.0398 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-30 01:54:47

The Super-SUPER… V.n.nikitin, I.v.nikitin the Steady Growth of the Number of Arcanas of the Mysterious Universe is a Sign of Imperfection of Existing Theories and Ideas About the Surrounding World, Which Contributes to the Creation of Radically New Altern

Authors: V.N.Nikitin, I.V.Nikitin
Comments: 4 Pages.

The steady growth of the number of arcanas of the mysterious universe is a sign of imperfection of existing theories and ideas about the surrounding world, which contributes to the creation of radically new alternative ideas and theories. New ideas should be piercing and understandable to everyone, to promote an adequate perception of reality and to be as much as possible interconnected with each other and with existing scientific knowledge. In this case, alternative ideas will inevitably become punchy! The results of long-term theoretical studies of abnormal physical phenomena of the processes of the origin and evolution of the universe are embodied in the exclusive hypotheses of the creative collective "NIKI" and are set forth here in a logical sequence, from the moment the Universe emerged to its transformation into "nothing."
Category: Astrophysics

[30] viXra:1801.0393 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-29 07:50:55

Reminder on the Exclusive Hypothesis Nikitina N.N., Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.v. God Has Lodged Disobedient вселенян on the Earth's Surface Where Various Cataclysms and Space Threats Rage

Authors: Nikitina N.N., Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

God has lodged disobedient вселенян on the Earth's surface where various cataclysms and space threats rage.
Category: Astrophysics

[29] viXra:1801.0386 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-29 02:05:06

Heretical Physics the Antikythera Mechanics of Mercury

Authors: John E. Miller
Comments: 5 Pages.

Astro-Physics from Tycho Braha ; Kepler (1571-1630); Newton (1643-1727) are not in agreement. Further the Antikythera MOON Mechanism, a two thousand year old Greek mechanism, required thirty seven (37) gears to reproduce Sun-Moon ellipse cycles, but ignored by the ‘Standard Model’ for a few lines of corrupt mathematics, (approximations in lieu of correctness). Newton’s gravitational hypothesis fails everywhere as it relies on a two dimensional theory to describe a three dimensional System. In this paper spherical “Models” will be constructed from cross sections of orbiting ‘charge’ spheres, becoming the mechanics to match existing data. i.e. constructing an elliptical orbit from circling spheres. A function in opposition to both Newton and Kepler’s theories. Gears are cross sections of circling spheres.
Category: Astrophysics

[28] viXra:1801.0369 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-26 18:51:30

Why The Light Is The Universe Highest Velocity?

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 3 Pages.

Why The Light Velocity Is The Highest In The Universe? Because our bodies (Matters = Bright Fringes) are created from the Light beams coherence, So our bodies are connected with this specific light beams from which were created, so any other light beams (for example the original light beam) we can't discover it by our 5 senses because we connected to the bright fringes only So, Even if there's light higher velocity, we can't discover it
Category: Astrophysics

[27] viXra:1801.0343 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-25 19:30:34

Special Relativity Hypothesis Reason (Matter Creation Theory)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 47 Pages.

Why there's No velocity higher than Light Velocity C =300000km/sec? Because -The Matter is created from light beams coherence (according to Young Experiment- The Main Hypothesis) -The Time is created as the Matter Changing measurement -Our body (matter) is produced by the same method, from this light beams coherence -Our bodies are connected with specific Light velocity and specific time rate because our bodies are produced by specific Light Beams coherence What does that mean? ..i.e. -If there's a light velocity higher than C we can't realize it, why? Because Our Body defines only this specific time which is produced from this specific light Now we can see much better -Why we can't understand easily the solar System geometry? Because NOT all data is available for us! And why NOT? Because Our Body Connected Us To Specific Category Of Data… oSo we connected to specific light beam (standard velocity C) And oWe connected to specific time defined by our body changes So the Special Theory of Relativity is Correct No Velocity higher than C is available in our Universe
Category: Astrophysics

[26] viXra:1801.0329 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-24 13:42:44

Active Galactic Nuclei Structure

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 26 Pages.

The nuclei of most galaxies host supermassive black holes containing millions to billions of solar-masses of material. [22] New research shows the first evidence of strong winds around black holes throughout bright outburst events when a black hole rapidly consumes mass. [21] Chris Packham, associate professor of physics and astronomy at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), has collaborated on a new study that expands the scientific community's understanding of black holes in our galaxy and the magnetic fields that surround them. [20] In a paper published today in the journal Science, University of Florida scientists have discovered these tears in the fabric of the universe have significantly weaker magnetic fields than previously thought. [19] The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters—it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there’s a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17] Astronomers have constructed the first map of the universe based on the positions of supermassive black holes, which reveals the large-scale structure of the universe. [16] Astronomers want to record an image of the heart of our galaxy for the first time: a global collaboration of radio dishes is to take a detailed look at the black hole which is assumed to be located there. [15] A team of researchers from around the world is getting ready to create what might be the first image of a black hole. [14] "There seems to be a mysterious link between the amount of dark matter a galaxy holds and the size of its central black hole, even though the two operate on vastly different scales," said Akos Bogdan of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA). [13] If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12]
Category: Astrophysics

[25] viXra:1801.0325 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-24 04:55:18

Speed of Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

Just how quickly is the dark matter near Earth zipping around? The speed of dark matter has far-reaching consequences for modern astrophysical research, but this fundamental property has eluded researchers for years. [19] A NASA rocket experiment could use the Doppler effect to look for signs of dark matter in mysterious X-ray emissions from space. [18] CfA astronomers Annalisa Pillepich and Lars Hernquist and their colleagues compared gravitationally distorted Hubble images of the galaxy cluster Abell 2744 and two other clusters with the results of computer simulations of dark matter haloes. [17] In a paper published July 20 in the journal Physical Review Letters, an international team of cosmologists uses data from the intergalactic medium— the vast, largely empty space between galaxies—to narrow down what dark matter could be. [16] But a new hypothesis might have gotten us closer to figuring out its identity, because physicists now suspect that dark matter has been changing forms this whole time-from ghostly particles in the Universe's biggest structures, to a strange, superfluid state at smaller scales. And we might soon have the tools to confirm it. [15] Superfluids may exist inside neutron stars, and some researchers have speculated that space-time itself may be a superfluid. So why shouldn't dark matter have a superfluid phase, too? [14] "The best result on dark matter so far—and we just got started." This is how scientists behind XENON1T, now the most sensitive dark matter experiment worldwide , commented on their first result from a short 30-day run presented today to the scientific community. [13] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter. SIMPs would resolve certain discrepancies between simulations of the distribution of dark matter, like this one, and the observed properties of the galaxies. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[24] viXra:1801.0306 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-23 05:19:04

Winds Outside Black Holes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 25 Pages.

New research shows the first evidence of strong winds around black holes throughout bright outburst events when a black hole rapidly consumes mass. [21] Chris Packham, associate professor of physics and astronomy at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), has collaborated on a new study that expands the scientific community's understanding of black holes in our galaxy and the magnetic fields that surround them. [20] In a paper published today in the journal Science, University of Florida scientists have discovered these tears in the fabric of the universe have significantly weaker magnetic fields than previously thought. [19] The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters—it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there's a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17] Astronomers have constructed the first map of the universe based on the positions of supermassive black holes, which reveals the large-scale structure of the universe. [16] Astronomers want to record an image of the heart of our galaxy for the first time: a global collaboration of radio dishes is to take a detailed look at the black hole which is assumed to be located there. [15] A team of researchers from around the world is getting ready to create what might be the first image of a black hole. [14] "There seems to be a mysterious link between the amount of dark matter a galaxy holds and the size of its central black hole, even though the two operate on vastly different scales," said Akos Bogdan of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA). [13] If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12] For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think " the Big Bang " , except just the opposite. That's essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[23] viXra:1801.0288 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-23 03:26:40

New Bound on Axions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

An axion is a hypothetical elementary particle whose existence was postulated in order to explain why certain subatomic reactions appear to violate basic symmetry constraints, in particular symmetry in time. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] " We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit. " [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter—the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20] Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in Germany have now come up with a new theory on how dark matter may have been formed shortly after the origin of the universe. [19] Map of dark matter made from gravitational lensing measurements of 26 million galaxies in the Dark Energy Survey. [18] CfA astronomers Annalisa Pillepich and Lars Hernquist and their colleagues compared gravitationally distorted Hubble images of the galaxy cluster Abell 2744 and two other clusters with the results of computer simulations of dark matter haloes. [17]
Category: Astrophysics

[22] viXra:1801.0282 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-22 06:53:48

Basics of Astrophysics Revisited. IV Gravitation Redshift, Gravitation Lensing, Superhot Solar Corona Hoaxes

Authors: Edgars Alksnis
Comments: 3 Pages.

Stellar rotation and factors from palette of Tesla/Alfven have obviously caused mentioned errors. Shortcomings of astrospectroscopy are highlighted.
Category: Astrophysics

[21] viXra:1801.0275 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-22 11:07:42

Extreme-Energy Space Particles

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 25 Pages.

New model connects the origins of very high-energy neutrinos, ultrahigh-energy cosmic rays, and high-energy gamma rays with black-hole jets embedded in their environments. [15] Gamma ray bursts, intense explosions of light, are the brightest events ever observed in the universe – lasting no longer than seconds or minutes. [14] X-ray-optics technology has progressed such that future astrophysics X-ray observatories will have orders-of magnitude better performance than existing observatories such as NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory. [13] Exploding stars lit the way for our understanding of the universe, but researchers are still in the dark about many of their features. [12] A team of scientists from Russia and China has developed a model explaining the nature of high-energy cosmic rays (CRs) in our galaxy. These CRs have energies exceeding those produced by supernova explosions by one or two orders of magnitude. [11] On August 14, 2017, a groundbreaking University of Maryland-designed cosmic ray detector will travel to the International Space Station (ISS) aboard the SpaceX-12 Commercial Resupply Service mission. [10] It was because of these characteristics that it was proposed to give this new class of variable stars the acronym BLAPS, i.e. Blue Large-Amplitude Pulsators. [9] Researchers at the University of Southampton have cast doubt over established explanations for certain behaviours in pulsars-highly magnetised rotating neutron stars, formed from the remains of supernovae. [8] Installed on the International Space Station, by mid-July it will commence its scientific work – to study the exotic astrophysical objects known as neutron stars and examine whether they could be used as deep-space navigation beacons for future generations of spacecraft. [7] NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory has discovered the first direct evidence for a superfluid, a bizarre, friction-free state of matter, at the core of a neutron star. Superfluids created in laboratories on Earth exhibit remarkable properties, such as the ability to climb upward and escape airtight containers. The finding has important implications for understanding nuclear interactions in matter at the highest known densities. [6] This paper explains the Accelerating Universe, the Special and General Relativity from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the moving electric charges. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The Big Bang caused acceleration created the radial currents of the matter and since the matter composed of negative and positive charges, these currents are creating magnetic field and attracting forces between the parallel moving electric currents. This is the gravitational force experienced by the matter, and also the mass is result of the electromagnetic forces between the charged particles. The positive and negative charged currents attracts each other or by the magnetic forces or by the much stronger electrostatic forces. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy.
Category: Astrophysics

[20] viXra:1801.0273 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-21 14:48:51

The Locations of the Stars in the K2-138 System and Io on the Wolynski-Taylor Diagram

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages.

I can place the older stars of K2-138 and Io on the Wolynski-Taylor Diagram.
Category: Astrophysics

[19] viXra:1801.0269 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-22 00:16:21

An Alternative Explanation of Non-Newtonian Galactic Rotation Curves

Authors: Morgan Weinberg
Comments: 11 Pages.

Inspired by the continued success of MOND (Modified Newtonian Dynamics) in the prediction of galactic rotation curves, an attempt to derive the deep-MOND equation from known mechanics has resulted in a third explanation apart from MOND and dark matter. It is proposed that particle velocities follow the relation v = √(GM)r -1/2 + √(ax)r1/2, where ax is a scalar accelerating field that is independent of mass. This yields the following relation for centripetal acceleration: a = (GM)r-2 + 2√(axGM)r-1 + ax, which, at large radii, is nearly identical to the deep-MOND equation a = √(a0GM)r-1. When applied to a handful of galaxies, the velocity equation prefers an ax on the order of 10-14 (km s-2), which gives a good fit of velocity curves to observed values. It is posited that scalar field ax is a result of local galactic expansion, such that ax = cHg, where Hg is the rate of expansion. For the Milky Way, it is estimated that Hg ≈ 9.3 E-4 (km s-1 kpc-1). This rate would predict an increase of the astronomical unit of 14 (cm yr-1), which compares well with the recently reported measurement of 15 ±4 (cm yr-1).
Category: Astrophysics

[18] viXra:1801.0246 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-19 06:04:47

Existing Models of Black Holes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

Chris Packham, associate professor of physics and astronomy at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), has collaborated on a new study that expands the scientific community's understanding of black holes in our galaxy and the magnetic fields that surround them. [20] In a paper published today in the journal Science, University of Florida scientists have discovered these tears in the fabric of the universe have significantly weaker magnetic fields than previously thought. [19] The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters—it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there’s a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17] Astronomers have constructed the first map of the universe based on the positions of supermassive black holes, which reveals the large-scale structure of the universe. [16] Astronomers want to record an image of the heart of our galaxy for the first time: a global collaboration of radio dishes is to take a detailed look at the black hole which is assumed to be located there. [15] A team of researchers from around the world is getting ready to create what might be the first image of a black hole. [14] "There seems to be a mysterious link between the amount of dark matter a galaxy holds and the size of its central black hole, even though the two operate on vastly different scales," said Akos Bogdan of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA). [13] If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12] For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think “the Big Bang”, except just the opposite. That’s essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[17] viXra:1801.0225 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-18 10:49:50

Importance of Conic Section “size” in the Derivation of Propositions X-XVI in Newton’s Principia Book I

Authors: Gopi Krishna Vijaya
Comments: 14 Pages.

The “direct problem” of the inverse-square law is examined, by retracing the derivations of Propositions X-XVI in Newton’s Principia. It is found that transfers of constants of proportionality are inconsistent between the propositions, leading to errors in the derived relations for multiple orbits. Proposition X has to be corrected for the relations of time period to the force law by including the area constants for conic sections. Propositions XI-XIII assume the expression 2h^2/L to be constant, that in turn implicitly assume a modified version of Kepler’s third law, while Propositions XIV-XVI apply this to multiple orbits leading to further “size” inconsistencies with the original form of Kepler’s third law. It has been shown how this relevance of “size” has been missed in the Newtonian literature, leading to a necessity of revising the existence of an exact inverse-square law.
Category: Astrophysics

[16] viXra:1801.0224 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-18 10:52:05

Original Form of Kepler’s Third Law and its Misapplication in Propositions XXXII-XXXVII in Newton’s Principia (Book I)

Authors: Gopi Krishna Vijaya
Comments: 14 Pages.

The original form of Kepler’s Third Law contains a caveat regarding the requirement of small eccentricities – a fact that has been missed by the traditional Newtonian derivations. This constraint is analyzed, and a re-clarification of the real meaning of “mean distance” in the law is provided, by following up the indications given by Kepler in the Harmonices Mundi. It is shown that the modified expression for the “mean distance” not only clears up conceptual difficulties, but also removes a discrepancy found by Kepler for Mercury. Based on this re-evaluation, the result of ignoring the small-eccentricity constraint is analyzed in the Propositions XXXII-XXXVII in the Principia. It is seen that there are several conceptual and mathematical mistakes that are inevitable with the Newtonian form of Kepler’s Third Law.
Category: Astrophysics

[15] viXra:1801.0223 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-18 10:53:27

Celestial Dynamics and Rotational Forces In Circular and Elliptical Motions

Authors: Gopi Krishna Vijaya
Comments: 14 Pages.

The understanding of circular motion as being conditioned by a central force coupled to a tangential velocity is questioned, by analyzing the origins of its derivation, and revising it in the light of rotational kinematics. It is shown that one cannot stop the analysis at a force directed to the center, but has to continue it to include an infinite series of higher order rotational forces in four perpendicular directions. The verification of this in terrestrial dynamics, as well as the consequences of its application in celestial dynamics is presented. It is shown that Newton’s Moon Test and inverse-square law, even with the corrections of General Relativity, do not support circular and elliptical motion and lead to an erroneous expression – a problem that has been noticed and remedied by other independent researchers.
Category: Astrophysics

[14] viXra:1801.0203 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-18 03:42:15

Residual Annual and Diurnal Periodicities of the P 10 Acceleration Term Resolved in Absolute CMB Space

Authors: R. Pabisch
Comments: 6 Pages.

Applying the general, classical Doppler formula (CMB-Doppler formula) of first order for two-way radio Doppler signals in the fundamental rest frame of the isotropic cosmic microwave background radiation (CMB) between earthbound Deep Space Network stations (DSN), and the Pioneer 10 space probe (P 10) resolves the phenomenon of the residual, so far unexplained annual and diurnal signal variations on top of the constant acceleration term Anderson & Laing & Lau & et al. (2002), Anderson & Campbell & Ekelund & et al. (2008). The anomalous annual and diurnal variations of the acceleration term vanish, if instead of the relativistic Standard-Doppler formula (SRT-Doppler formula) of first and second order the CMB-Doppler formula is used. That formula contains the absolute velocities ue of Earth, and upio of P 10, derived from the absolute velocity usun of the solar system barycenter in the CMB, with usun = 369.0 ± 0.9 km/s, and the relative revolution velocity ve of Earth, and the relative velocity vpio of P 10 in the heliocentric frame from January 1987 until December 1996. The flyby radio Doppler and ranging data anomalies can be resolved as well by using the CMB-Doppler formula with the absolute, asymptotic velocities of the inbound and outbound maneuver flights, which have usually slightly different magnitudes, inducing the so far unexplained frequency shift, and the unexplained difference in the ranging data.
Category: Astrophysics

[13] viXra:1801.0173 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-15 09:13:17

Mini Gamma Ray Burst in the Lab

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

Gamma ray bursts, intense explosions of light, are the brightest events ever observed in the universe – lasting no longer than seconds or minutes. [14] X-ray-optics technology has progressed such that future astrophysics X-ray observatories will have orders-of magnitude better performance than existing observatories such as NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory. [13] Exploding stars lit the way for our understanding of the universe, but researchers are still in the dark about many of their features. [12] A team of scientists from Russia and China has developed a model explaining the nature of high-energy cosmic rays (CRs) in our galaxy. These CRs have energies exceeding those produced by supernova explosions by one or two orders of magnitude. [11] On August 14, 2017, a groundbreaking University of Maryland-designed cosmic ray detector will travel to the International Space Station (ISS) aboard the SpaceX-12 Commercial Resupply Service mission. [10] It was because of these characteristics that it was proposed to give this new class of variable stars the acronym BLAPS, i.e. Blue Large-Amplitude Pulsators. [9] Researchers at the University of Southampton have cast doubt over established explanations for certain behaviours in pulsars - highly magnetised rotating neutron stars, formed from the remains of supernovae. [8] Installed on the International Space Station, by mid-July it will commence its scientific work – to study the exotic astrophysical objects known as neutron stars and examine whether they could be used as deep-space navigation beacons for future generations of spacecraft. [7] NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory has discovered the first direct evidence for a superfluid, a bizarre, friction-free state of matter, at the core of a neutron star. Superfluids created in laboratories on Earth exhibit remarkable properties, such as the ability to climb upward and escape airtight containers. The finding has important implications for understanding nuclear interactions in matter at the highest known densities. [6] This paper explains the Accelerating Universe, the Special and General Relativity from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the moving electric charges. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron’s spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The Big Bang caused acceleration created the radial currents of the matter and since the matter composed of negative and positive charges, these currents are creating magnetic field and attracting forces between the parallel moving electric currents. This is the gravitational force experienced by the matter, and also the mass is result of the electromagnetic forces between the charged particles. The positive and negative charged currents attracts each other or by the magnetic forces or by the much stronger electrostatic forces. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy.
Category: Astrophysics

[12] viXra:1801.0158 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-13 13:51:33

White Dwarfs, Nova and Stellar Youth in the General Theory

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 6 Pages. 3 photocopies of a book with notes, 1 illustrative diagram

A few thoughts as compared to early scientists on white dwarfs, (super)novas and stellar youth in the general theory.
Category: Astrophysics

[11] viXra:1801.0149 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-13 09:58:16

Stellar Metamorphosis: From Neptune to Earth

Authors: Daniel Archer
Comments: 3 Pages. For my father, in memoriam

A look at the evolution from a Gas Dwarf (Neptune) to a Life Host (Earth) and describing what happens in each phase; where the real history of how the crust of the Earth formed and evolved is theorized; the first crust a complete shell that expanded.
Category: Astrophysics

[10] viXra:1801.0121 [pdf] replaced on 2018-01-11 04:52:23

Quantum FFF Theory, a Conscious String Theory with Different Vacuum Trajectories for Axion-Higgs Field/ Photons Respectively Fermions, Gluons and Bosons.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 12 Pages.

This conscious string theory also called Quantum FFF Theory, (FFF = Function Follows Form) is a semi classical theory based on a symmetrical cold Big Bang evaporation into 8 or 12 CP ( Charge Parity) symmetric copy (anti) material universes. It can be called a semi classical theory because it describes reality by the real collision and shape transformation processes of real sub quantum shaped rigid stringy entangled particles. Each particle is supposed to be conscious by its entanglement with 7 or 11 CP symmetric copy particles located inside the other 7 or 11 CP symmetric universal bubbles at long distance with raspberry shape. The Q-FFF theory is called Semi classical because in addition to the ring shaped transformable rigid string particles, all universal bubbles are assumed to be each others Charge Parity (CP) mirror symmetric universal bubbles which are assumed to be instant entangled down to each individual string particle created out of the Axion Higgs splitting cold Big Bang. So each particle has to compete for wavefunction collapse with 7 or 11 anti copy particles and each person’s choice ( free will) also. So: we live inside 8 or 12 quantum particle based instant entangled pinball machines making choices for our own reptile brain based flash intuition down to single particle slit interference. However our frontal cortex seems to be able to make social corrections ( Vetos) within 300 msec. The sheer simplicity of such a system is perhaps the reason that I could not find comparable proposals for other theories.
Category: Astrophysics

[9] viXra:1801.0114 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-09 19:51:36

Solar Planets Order Disproves the Gravity Theory

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 59 Pages.

-The Solar Planets order proves that, the planet orbital distance is defined based on his Diameter and NOT his Mass, which disproves the Gravity Theory.. But -Planet Diameter and Orbital Distance Relationship Equation is so hard to define…! Why? Because -The solar Group has 2 Heads (The Sun and Earth). The Solar Group is A Dipole…. We need to modify the Solar Group Basic Description to be " A Dipole System"… -This paper also discusses the Sun nature and Origin…
Category: Astrophysics

[8] viXra:1801.0107 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-09 08:24:27

High-Resolution X-Rays Gratings

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 21 Pages.

X-ray-optics technology has progressed such that future astrophysics X-ray observatories will have orders-of magnitude better performance than existing observatories such as NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory. [13] Exploding stars lit the way for our understanding of the universe, but researchers are still in the dark about many of their features. [12] A team of scientists from Russia and China has developed a model explaining the nature of high-energy cosmic rays (CRs) in our galaxy. These CRs have energies exceeding those produced by supernova explosions by one or two orders of magnitude. [11] On August 14, 2017, a groundbreaking University of Maryland-designed cosmic ray detector will travel to the International Space Station (ISS) aboard the SpaceX-12 Commercial Resupply Service mission. [10] It was because of these characteristics that it was proposed to give this new class of variable stars the acronym BLAPS, i.e. Blue Large-Amplitude Pulsators. [9] Researchers at the University of Southampton have cast doubt over established explanations for certain behaviours in pulsars-highly magnetised rotating neutron stars, formed from the remains of supernovae. [8] Installed on the International Space Station, by mid-July it will commence its scientific work – to study the exotic astrophysical objects known as neutron stars and examine whether they could be used as deep-space navigation beacons for future generations of spacecraft. [7] NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory has discovered the first direct evidence for a superfluid, a bizarre, friction-free state of matter, at the core of a neutron star. Superfluids created in laboratories on Earth exhibit remarkable properties, such as the ability to climb upward and escape airtight containers. The finding has important implications for understanding nuclear interactions in matter at the highest known densities. [6] This paper explains the Accelerating Universe, the Special and General Relativity from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the moving electric charges. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The Big Bang caused acceleration created the radial currents of the matter and since the matter composed of negative and positive charges, these currents are creating magnetic field and attracting forces between the parallel moving electric currents. This is the gravitational force experienced by the matter, and also the mass is result of the electromagnetic forces between the charged particles. The positive and negative charged currents attracts each other or by the magnetic forces or by the much stronger electrostatic forces. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy.
Category: Astrophysics

[7] viXra:1801.0088 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-07 15:06:47

Some Physics United: With Predictions and Models for Much (extract 1)

Authors: Thomas J. Buckholtz
Comments: 61 Pages.

We address four physics opportunities. First, predict new elementary particles and forces. Second, explain phenomena such as dark matter. Third, unite physics theories and models. Fourth, point to opportunities for further research. We use models based on solutions to equations featuring isotropic pairs of isotropic quantum harmonic oscillators. First, we show solutions that match the known elementary particles. We propose that other solutions correlate with elementary particles that people have yet to detect and with dark energy forces leading to the three known eras - initial acceleration, subsequent deceleration, and current acceleration - pertaining to the rate of expansion of the universe. Second, we extend solutions to encompass known conservation-law symmetries. We note that extended solutions correlate with known kinematics. We propose that extended solutions describe dark matter, explain ratios of density of dark matter to density of ordinary matter, correlate with dark energy density, and explain other phenomena. Third, we note that the work unites, extends, and limits aspects of traditional physics. Those aspects include classical physics, special relativity, general relativity, quantum mechanics, the elementary particle Standard Model, and the cosmology timeline. The work provides possible insight regarding foundations of physics topics. Fourth, we suggest opportunities for people. We suggest opportunities for observational, experimental, and theoretical physics research. We point to possible opportunities to further develop and apply math we use.
Category: Astrophysics

[6] viXra:1801.0055 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-05 10:33:29

Open Letter To Dr Penrose

Authors: Ricardo Gil
Comments: 1 Page.

Let’s say one explodes a Russian TSAR in the cold spot. This would be a literal big bang and create some form of universe. Conversely a hot quantum particle could or may have caused the big bang even at equilibrium because it pops into the cold spot in the universe. Think weather, hot and cold front equals a turbulent thunder storm or violent weather patterns or conditions.
Category: Astrophysics

[5] viXra:1801.0053 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-05 17:28:10

GJ 436b: A Gas Dwarf/Pre-Ocean World in Stellar Metamorphosis

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages.

It is explained that GJ 436b is a gas dwarf/pre-ocean world according to the measurement of its radius. A simple illustration offered by an establishment physicist shows this and an explanation for its stage of evolution is provided according to the general theory.
Category: Astrophysics

[4] viXra:1801.0043 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-05 05:07:09

Magneton Constitute Substance Theory -- 11. Photon Trajectory Bend Measure

Authors: Huang Weixiong
Comments: 4 Pages.

In 1919, British scientist Eddington organized a total solar eclipse big observation. Confirm photon trajectory is arc line. What is reason for photon trajectory bend? Einstein thinks. Gravitation makes photon trajectory bend. Thus created black hole theory. Magneton constitute substance theory thinks. In magnetic field, photon abide by photon deflect right hand rule. Due to, photon mass is less than 1/100000 of electron mass. Therefore, it is hard to measure photon trajectory bend. According to magneton constitute substance theory, design photon new measure. Decrypt photon trajectory bend reason. Measurement proves, photon trajectory bend is result of photon magnetism and spin and ambient magnetic field interaction, has nothing to do with gravitation.
Category: Astrophysics

[3] viXra:1801.0015 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-02 14:38:27

Cargo Cult Science – The Solar and Sunspot Cycles

Authors: Frank H. Makinson
Comments: 9 Pages.

The description of the solar and sunspot cycle is being tagged herein as cargo cult science because it is incomplete. The solar cycle and sunspot cycle are the events that take place over time that alter the visible and dynamic characteristics of the Sun. Two prominent Sun cyclic events are the periodic change in the number of sunspots and the reversal of the Sun's magnetic field. The solar science community know the cyclic events are related but do not consider that an outside influence can cause them. There is evidence that a very long wavelength, multi-year, extremely high magnitude electromagnetic wave is responsible for the readily observable solar and sunspot cycles and much longer solar related cycles identified in Earth strata. All scientists before 1940 were unaware that electromagnetic waves, other than light, were traversing the cosmos. Even before and after 1940, the manner in which the basic characteristics of electromagnetic waves are taught can lead to an improper interpretation of electromagnetic related events when they do not fit the textbook descriptions. Sunspot characteristics identify the probable source of the electromagnetic wave or waves that are causing our Sun's variability. Solar scientists have identified the presence of the electromagnetic wave that causes the Sun's variability but have misidentified it.
Category: Astrophysics

[2] viXra:1801.0009 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-01 13:12:50

The Principle of Crystallization in Stellar Metamorphosis

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

A simple principle of crystal formation is offered to explain that rocks and minerals do not form in any significance in vacuum in outer space.
Category: Astrophysics

[1] viXra:1801.0008 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-01 13:38:03

Black Holes Control Star Formation

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

A new study, published January 1, 2018, in Nature, shows that the mass of the black hole in the center of the galaxy determines how soon this "quenching" of star formation occurs. [19] The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters—it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there's a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17] Astronomers have constructed the first map of the universe based on the positions of supermassive black holes, which reveals the large-scale structure of the universe. [16] Astronomers want to record an image of the heart of our galaxy for the first time: a global collaboration of radio dishes is to take a detailed look at the black hole which is assumed to be located there. [15] A team of researchers from around the world is getting ready to create what might be the first image of a black hole. [14] "There seems to be a mysterious link between the amount of dark matter a galaxy holds and the size of its central black hole, even though the two operate on vastly different scales," said Akos Bogdan of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA). [13] If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12] For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think " the Big Bang " , except just the opposite. That's essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics