Astrophysics

1906 Submissions

[15] viXra:1906.0316 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-17 21:05:35

Uranus Is Perpendicular on Earth Moon Orbit

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 22 Pages.

1-Uranus Is Perpendicular On Earth Moon Orbit 2-The Sun Also Is Perpendicular On Earth Moon Orbit (The Sun And Uranus Are On The Same Horizontal Level) 3-The Rest Planets Are Found On Stair Steps Relative To Each Other – (Graduated Horizontal Levels). 4-The Solar Planets revolve around the perpendicular line from the Sun to Earth. 5-The Solar Planets doesn't revolve around the sun herself.
Category: Astrophysics

[14] viXra:1906.0259 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-14 21:06:48

Stellar Metamorphosis: The Phases of Sillimanite, Andalusite and Kyanite in Uranus's Atmosphere, and Thoughts on Ocean World Stage Beginnings

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 3 Pages.

The phases of sillimanite, andalusite and kyanite are placed in reference to the deep atmosphere of Uranus. This is to show that Uranus has the temperatures and pressures that can form rocks and minerals exactly like the Earth. As well some thoughts as to how we can pin point the exact moment in time the Earth moved into its own ocean world stages of evolution.
Category: Astrophysics

[13] viXra:1906.0248 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-13 07:25:23

Primordial Relic Black Hole

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 39 Pages.

Previous attempts to measure the mass of the NGC 4395 black hole yielded results ranging from 1000-400,000 solar masses. [27] US computer scientist Katie Bouman, who became a global sensation over her role in generating the world's first image of a black hole, has described the painstaking process as akin to listening to a piano with broken keys. [26] Astronomers on Wednesday unveiled the first photo of a black hole, one of the star-devouring monsters scattered throughout the Universe and obscured by impenetrable shields of gravity. [25]
Category: Astrophysics

[12] viXra:1906.0189 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-11 16:29:50

The Solar Group Is One Body

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 11 Pages.

The Solar Group Is One Body The Claim Explanation & Features 1-The Solar Group is One Building And Each Planet Is A Part Of This Same Building ….Or 2-The Solar group is One Trajectory of Energy And Each Planet Is A Point On This Same Energy Trajectory…. Or 3-The Solar Group Is One Machine And Each Planet Is A Gear In It… Or 4-The Solar Group Is A Great River And Each Planet Is A Canal of this same river 5-The solar group has One Great Job which is divided into integrated tasks for each planet has one task which should be integrated and cooperated with other planets tasks to perform the General One Great Job…. i.e. 6-Each Planet Data (Diameter- Mass- Orbital Distance -…. etc) is created to be suitable for this planet required task in the whole building and No Solar Planet Single Data Can Be Created Independently That leads to this paper main hypothesis, let's refer to it in following… A Hypothesis:- "The Solar Planet Data Is Created Based On Geometrical And Physical Reasons" The previous hypothesis provides us 3 results: 1-The Solar Group Is One Building 2-The Solar Planets Motions Harmony Is Found Based On The Planet Construction & Formulation (Planet Data) And Not By The Gravity Forces 3-Any Planet Data Can Be Deduced From The Other Planets Data Analysis
Category: Astrophysics

[11] viXra:1906.0186 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-11 19:57:13

Planet Data Geometrical Significance

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 17 Pages.

Planet Data Geometrical Significance This paper tries to answer a simple question Why Saturn diameter =120536 km?... of course not only Saturn…! Why Jupiter diameter = 142984 km?.... or Why Earth circumference = 40080 km? ………. Why the moon circumference = 10921 km? Why Earth axial tilt =23.4 degrees? Why Venus Orbital inclination =3.4 degrees? Shortly How The Planet Data Is Created? I would to answer the questions just directly… but because the questions are still unclear? We need to see deeply as possible what does such question mean? Let's try with the first 2 questions together … Why Saturn Diameter = 120536 km? and Why Jupiter Diameter = 142984km? For answer we need to provide the Data in groups then we'll discuss it Data (1st Group) 1-Jupiter Diameter = 2 Jupiter Circumferences – 2 Saturn Circumference. 2-Jupiter Diameter = 8 Solar Planets Diameters Total 3-Saturn Diameter + 2 Jupiter Diameters = the solar planets diameters total 4-Saturn Diameter + 2 Jupiter Diameters = Earth Moon Distance (Apogee Radius) 5-Saturn Circumference = Earth Moon Distance (Total Solar Eclipse Radius). Data (2nd Group) (A) Saturn Diameter = Venus Diameter x π2 (Error 0.8%) (Venus Circumference)2= Saturn Orbital Distance (Error 1%) But we know that Saturn Orbital Distance = 1433.5million km= Saturn Uranus Distance = Mars Orbital Circumference = Pluto Eccentricity Distance = (Neptune Orbital Distance/π) = Mercury Jupiter distance x 2 (B) Mercury Day = 176 solar days (minus 5040 seconds) During 5040 seconds -Mercury moves a distance = 2 x Saturn Diameter -Mars moves a distance = Saturn Diameter -Saturn moves a distance = Neptune Diameter -Pluto moves a distance = Pluto diameter x π2 Note Please -2 Saturn diameter x 5040 = 1205 mkm (Mars Saturn Distance) -Data (3rd Group) -Jupiter Diameter x 5040 = 720.7 mkm (Mercury Jupiter Distance) -Jupiter Diameter = 1 million km / 7 (Note Please: Mercury Orbital Inclination = 7 degrees but Mercury orbital circumference =360 mkm = 360 degrees i.e. 1million km = 1 degree) -The Sin Diameter = Jupiter Diameter x π2 (Error 1.3%) Let's add the required Data for question no.3 (Why Earth Circumference = 40080 km) Data (4th Group) If Earth diameter = 12756 km, is considered to be = 1 So the following is correct Earth Circumference = Π Solar Inner Planets diameter total = Π Moon motion free space (from perigee to apogee) =Π (the free space without the moon diameter) Moon Perigee orbit radius = 9 Π Solar outer planets diameters total = 9 Π Moon orbit apogee radius =10 Π All solar planets diameters total =10 Π 2 Jupiter diameter + Saturn diameter =10 Π Saturn Circumference = 9.5Π = Moon orbit radius at total solar eclipse Jupiter Circumference =11 Π The Sun diameter =11 Π2 Let's Start our discussion immediately Discussion The previous Data is just example of many similar Data- Simply- Earth Circumference = 40080 km – but 40080 km is NOT mere number – There are many relationships and geometrical interactions are created based on this same number 40080 km (Earth Circumference)….. WHY? Let's ask the simpler question… How Earth Circumference is Created? No one knows! Let's make this discussion is so short as possible….. We have 2 visions in fighting The current theory tells us that the Planet is created independently in its Data – that means Earth Circumference is created without any effect from any planet Diameter on Earth Diameter Creation Process… i.e. this vision tells us that Solar Planet Behavior Is Individually I provide another vision The solar group is one building- The solar planets are components in this same building (members of the same body) i.e. Solar Planets Behavior Are Integrating And Cooperating Behavior It's The machine behavior- or the body behavior (all planets cooperate and integrate to do this same behavior) That's why There's One Equation Only controls all solar planets data This paper tries to prove basically this hypothesis So the paper contains the following -The Hypothesis Proves(Point No. 3) -How to analyze the planet Data (Point No. 4) -The Theoretical basics behind solar planets data Equation (Point No. 5)
Category: Astrophysics

[10] viXra:1906.0173 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-10 11:17:14

Dark Matter is Lighter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

Dark matter could be much "lighter," or lower in mass and slighter in energy, than previously thought. [21] Researchers from Russia, Finland, and the U.S. have put a constraint on the theoretical model of dark matter particles by analyzing data from astronomical observations of active galactic nuclei. [20] Just how quickly is the dark matter near Earth zipping around? The speed of dark matter has far-reaching consequences for modern astrophysical research, but this fundamental property has eluded researchers for years. [19] A NASA rocket experiment could use the Doppler effect to look for signs of dark matter in mysterious X-ray emissions from space. [18] CfA astronomers Annalisa Pillepich and Lars Hernquist and their colleagues compared gravitationally distorted Hubble images of the galaxy cluster Abell 2744 and two other clusters with the results of computer simulations of dark matter haloes. [17] In a paper published July 20 in the journal Physical Review Letters, an international team of cosmologists uses data from the intergalactic medium-the vast, largely empty space between galaxies-to narrow down what dark matter could be. [16] But a new hypothesis might have gotten us closer to figuring out its identity, because physicists now suspect that dark matter has been changing forms this whole time-from ghostly particles in the Universe's biggest structures, to a strange, superfluid state at smaller scales. And we might soon have the tools to confirm it. [15] Superfluids may exist inside neutron stars, and some researchers have speculated that space-time itself may be a superfluid. So why shouldn't dark matter have a superfluid phase, too? [14] "The best result on dark matter so far-and we just got started." This is how scientists behind XENON1T, now the most sensitive dark matter experiment worldwide , commented on their first result from a short 30-day run presented today to the scientific community. [13] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron-proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter. SIMPs would resolve certain discrepancies between simulations of the distribution of dark matter, like this one, and the observed properties of the galaxies. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[9] viXra:1906.0164 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-11 01:51:13

Detect new Candidate for Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

Two theoretical physicists at the University of California, Davis have a new candidate for dark matter, and a possible way to detect it. [22] Dark matter could be much "lighter," or lower in mass and slighter in energy, than previously thought. [21] Researchers from Russia, Finland, and the U.S. have put a constraint on the theoretical model of dark matter particles by analyzing data from astronomical observations of active galactic nuclei. [20] Just how quickly is the dark matter near Earth zipping around? The speed of dark matter has far-reaching consequences for modern astrophysical research, but this fundamental property has eluded researchers for years. [19] A NASA rocket experiment could use the Doppler effect to look for signs of dark matter in mysterious X-ray emissions from space. [18] CfA astronomers Annalisa Pillepich and Lars Hernquist and their colleagues compared gravitationally distorted Hubble images of the galaxy cluster Abell 2744 and two other clusters with the results of computer simulations of dark matter haloes. [17] In a paper published July 20 in the journal Physical Review Letters, an international team of cosmologists uses data from the intergalactic medium-the vast, largely empty space between galaxies-to narrow down what dark matter could be. [16] But a new hypothesis might have gotten us closer to figuring out its identity, because physicists now suspect that dark matter has been changing forms this whole time-from ghostly particles in the Universe's biggest structures, to a strange, superfluid state at smaller scales. And we might soon have the tools to confirm it. [15] Superfluids may exist inside neutron stars, and some researchers have speculated that space-time itself may be a superfluid. So why shouldn't dark matter have a superfluid phase, too? [14] "The best result on dark matter so far-and we just got started." This is how scientists behind XENON1T, now the most sensitive dark matter experiment worldwide , commented on their first result from a short 30-day run presented today to the scientific community. [13] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron-proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter. SIMPs would resolve certain discrepancies between simulations of the distribution of dark matter, like this one, and the observed properties of the galaxies. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[8] viXra:1906.0146 [pdf] replaced on 2019-06-16 12:48:21

The New Gyrochronology, Version 2

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 9 Pages.

Gyrochronology can be used to measure the age of a low mass, or highly evolved star. Depending on how fast the star is spinning, we can also determine how fast it lost its mass from earlier stages of evolution, which in turn tells us if it was orbiting very close to another host. This is all in accordance with the general theory, meaning the oldest, most highly evolved and/or dead stars will barely spin at all. Examples are provided with hand written notes to prove that I did not steal the idea from anybody, as it is a natural consequence of realizing stars are young hot planets, and planets are very old, slowly spinning stars.
Category: Astrophysics

[7] viXra:1906.0143 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-10 01:39:10

100th Anniversary of General Relativity

Authors: Christina Munns
Comments: 2 Pages. Record of blog post

On this historic day of the commemoration of the 100th anniversary of the confirmation of Albert Einstein’s general theory of relativity with the solar eclipse of May 29th, 1919, I feel it is important to share my thoughts on this controversial topic, despite seemingly jumping in the proverbial deep end of classical physics! The trick in this theory is separating fact from fiction. I propose that gravity cannot distort space (& definitely not time!) as Einstein proposed since I concur with Gauss’ Law of Gravity (mathematician), who states that not only is gravity irrotational but it is also is a conservative force. Yes, indeed general relativity is obviously correct in many respects, but the vexed question of exactly WHAT Einstein’s field equations relate to in real life terms still remains a subject of debate.
Category: Astrophysics

[6] viXra:1906.0106 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-07 20:49:14

Stellar Metamorphosis: Stellar Shrapnel Exclusion Zones on the WT Diagram

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages.

Exclusion zones are outlined and explanation is provided as to why this is important to the development of 21st century astrophysics. The zones are in line with the general theory and can be used in a dynamic fashion. These basic astrophysical facts are up for revision and refinement. In short, ring material from Saturn could be pieces of the Earth's ancient oceans.
Category: Astrophysics

[5] viXra:1906.0065 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-06 03:31:45

Simulation of Black Hole Mystery

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 28 Pages.

An international team has constructed the most detailed, highest resolution simulation of a black hole to date. [22] Physicists in Israel have shown that radiation from an analogue black hole has a thermal spectrum. This allows them to assign the "black hole" a temperature, providing indirect experimental evidence for the existence of Hawking radiation. [21] Rotating black holes and computers that use quantum-mechanical phenomena to process information are topics that have fascinated science lovers for decades, but even the most innovative thinkers rarely put them together. [20] If someone were to venture into one of these relatively benign black holes, they could survive, but their past would be obliterated and they could have an infinite number of possible futures. [19] The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters-it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there's a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17] Astronomers have constructed the first map of the universe based on the positions of supermassive black holes, which reveals the large-scale structure of the universe. [16] Astronomers want to record an image of the heart of our galaxy for the first time: a global collaboration of radio dishes is to take a detailed look at the black hole which is assumed to be located there. [15] A team of researchers from around the world is getting ready to create what might be the first image of a black hole. [14] "There seems to be a mysterious link between the amount of dark matter a galaxy holds and the size of its central black hole, even though the two operate on vastly different scales," said Akos Bogdan of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA). [13] If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12] For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think "the Big Bang", except just the opposite. That's essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron-proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[4] viXra:1906.0060 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-04 06:30:17

Super Quasars

Authors: Владимир Пастушенко
Comments: 41 Pages.

Super quasars
Category: Astrophysics

[3] viXra:1906.0053 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-04 09:18:42

On the Origins and Histories of the Martian Moons

Authors: Alex Soumbatov-Gur
Comments: 42 Pages.

The moons are confirmed to be ejected parts of Mars’ crust. After explosive throwing out as cone-like rocks they plastically evolved with density decays and materials transformations. Their expansion evolutions were accompanied by global ruptures and small scale rock ejections with concurrent crater formations. The scenario reconciles orbital and physical parameters of the moons. It coherently explains dozens of their properties including spectra, appearances, size differences, crater locations, fracture symmetries, orbits, evolution trends, geologic activity, Phobos’ grooves, mechanism of their origin, etc. The ejective approach is also discussed in the context of observational data on near-Earth asteroids, main belt asteroids Steins, Vesta, and Mars. The approach incorporates known fission mechanism of formation of miniature asteroids, logically accounts for its outliers, and naturally explains formations of small celestial bodies of various sizes.
Category: Astrophysics

[2] viXra:1906.0019 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-02 14:21:43

Stellar Metamorphosis: A Pongola-like Glaciation on Uranus

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages. 2 diagrams

If Uranus is on a similar transformation curve as Earth was, then it is just beginning its own Pongola glaciation. Diagrams and explanation are provided.
Category: Astrophysics

[1] viXra:1906.0008 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-01 18:49:00

Special Theory Of Relativity (Questions For Discussion)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 7 Pages.

This paper provides many difficult questions concerning Special Theory of Relativity To explain that the theory needs extension. In fact – the theory is so hard to be understood – and I try to prove that this theory is a correct theory but it's just a part of a general one which is NOT GR ! Let's define the discussion content in following Discussion Content 1-Special Theory of Relativity Hypothesis 2-The Relativistic Effects (Length Contraction As Example) 3-Matter Creation (Preferred Reference of Frame) 4-The Relative Concept 5-A New Relativistic Feature (My Conclusion)
Category: Astrophysics