Astrophysics

1707 Submissions

[45] viXra:1707.0412 [pdf] replaced on 2017-07-31 22:49:19

The Milky Way Should Be Constantly Expanding

Authors: Yibing Qiu
Comments: 1 Page.

Abstract: showinga viewpoint about the state of the Milky Way.
Category: Astrophysics

[44] viXra:1707.0407 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-30 17:46:31

Iron Core Deposition Rate

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages. 1 table

It is hypothesized in stellar metamorphosis that the iron/nickel core deposition rate is the same for all stars. An equation showing the variables is given to determine how long an iron core took to form.
Category: Astrophysics

[43] viXra:1707.0383 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-28 15:09:05

Sterile Spheres: Small Rovers with Planet-Wide Range

Authors: Colin Bruce Jack
Comments: 6 Pages.

Small unmanned vehicles deployed from a single landing point can comprehensively explore Mars in a few months. Each vehicle comprises a hermetically sealed transparent container, an ellipsoidal shell of low-expansion glass whose surface has been totally sterilised by flash heating to temperature sufficient to decompose all organic chemicals. An inner shell contains gas at Earth-standard temperature and pressure. All moving parts are housed within this inner shell, so off-the-shelf motors, bearings and lubricants with robustly verified working lifetimes can be used, minimizing development cost and ensuring circumplanetary range. A vacuum gap between the inner and outer shells provides thermal insulation and contains solar cells and cameras.
A substantial part of the vehicle’s mass is mounted within the inner shell, connected to a central axle about which it can be turned so as to cause the vehicle to roll forward. This mass can also be displaced sideways so that the vehicle turns as it rolls.
Continuous thrust produced in this way is at most about one-third of the vehicle’s weight. However a second propulsion method can extract the vehicle from almost any pit, slippery sand area or other potential trap. A flywheel, normally stationary, is spun up to high speed then braked suddenly. The resulting large torque causes the vehicle to turn end-over-end. Thus it can climb a steep slope, move across soft sand with a scooping effect like a paddle wheel, or leap up a small cliff or across a crevasse with a pole-vault style takeoff.
The vehicle can navigate autonomously for long periods. Several methods by which it can harvest information about its immediate environment, and periodically return large volumes of data, are described.
Category: Astrophysics

[42] viXra:1707.0381 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-28 20:12:02

Quantum Cosmology, New Scaling, Mass of Oscillating Neutrino and Life

Authors: Evgeny A. Novikov
Comments: 3 Pages.

From the quantum modification of general relativity (Qmoger), supported by cosmic data (without fitting), a new quantum scaling is derived. This scaling indicates a mechanism of formation new particles from the background matter. Based on this scaling, mass of neutrino is estimated in agreement with experimental bounds. The neutrino oscillations are explained in terms of interaction with the background quantum condensate of gravitons. Subjective experiences (qualia) and functioning of living cell are also connected with the background condensate.
Category: Astrophysics

[41] viXra:1707.0365 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-28 03:03:52

Никитин В.Н., Никитин И.В. ГИПОТЕЗА СУЩЕСТВОВАНИЯ СПУТНИКОВ СОЛНЕЧНОЙ СИСТЕМЫ Космический объект «Баффи» – спутник Солнечной системы

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

Космический объект «Баффи» – спутник Солнечной системы
Category: Astrophysics

[40] viXra:1707.0364 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-28 03:21:44

Dark Matter Particle is a Neutral Electron

Authors: Antonio Puccini
Comments: 32 Pages.

Cosmological observations showed that the ordinary matter, or ordinary visible mass, is only  4% of the total mass of the Universe. Non observable mass, or missing mass, is  96% of the total mass, of which 23% is invisible matter, or Dark Matter (DM). Cosmological considerations seem to exclude that the DM is under the shape of a normal baryonic matter. Therefore, the Dark Matter Particle (DMP) very probably is a lepton particle. The DMP was formed in the first fractions of second after the Big Bang. In order not to contradict the value of the critical density of the universe ordinary matter, the primordial nucleosynthesis can have generated only light elements and particles. DMP has existed since the Big Bang, this means it is a very stable particle. Moreover, since it does not emit and does not reflect light, and it never interacts with ordinary matter or with other DMPs, it implies that it is insensitive to Electro-Magnetic and Nuclear Interactions, therefore it is a neutral particle. Thus the DMP is a stable, light, neutral, non-interacting lepton. It was supposed to be a neutrino but, still in relation to nucleosynthesis, the value of its infinitely small mass, i.e. ≤0.01 electronic masses, contradicts the value of critical density. For opposite reasons, even WIMPs cannot identify with DMP (the value attributed to their mass is excessive: ≥ 100 proton masses). Therefore we may think of an electron, but they carry electric charge, and highly react with the surrounding matter. It does not work. Unless we assume the DMP can equally identify with an electron, but without the electric charge: a neutral electron (e°). According to Majorana’s mathematical formalism, the mathematical substrate in support of the e°, leads to consider it as a self-conjugated spinor, where the charge conjugation may give it a certain stability and make it unable to interact. The physical substrate is represented by the lack of a R process on the e°. Consequently, it will never, or almost never, undergo a Wave Function Collapse, so it will not be traceable as a common particle, but, according to Quantum Mechanics, it keeps travelling as a wave, undisturbed, delocalized, and propagating as a superimposition of quantum states.
Category: Astrophysics

[39] viXra:1707.0363 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-27 07:16:44

Is the Black Hole a Mass of Antimatter? 

Authors: Terubumi Honjou
Comments: 4 Pages.

The hypothesis of the elementary particle pulsation principle advocated in 1980 has been studied to examine all areas of physics. For the first time, I tried to verify the black hole based on the pulsating hypothesis. The image of the black hole resembles the physics of the negative particle stroke in the principle of particle pulsation. The particle of the negative particle process is an empty depletion space in the vacuum space, and it is observed like the hole of the empty and empty darkness as observing four-dimensional space from three-dimensional space. It corresponds to the anti-substance shown in the model of the pulsating hypothesis if it guesses. Electrons and positron, protons and anti-protons, neutrons and anti-neutrons, the existence of the anti-material is always confirmed in the elementary particles.
Category: Astrophysics

[38] viXra:1707.0334 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-26 03:49:20

Dark Matter Doppler Effect

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 21 Pages.

A NASA rocket experiment could use the Doppler effect to look for signs of dark matter in mysterious X-ray emissions from space. [18] CfA astronomers Annalisa Pillepich and Lars Hernquist and their colleagues compared gravitationally distorted Hubble images of the galaxy cluster Abell 2744 and two other clusters with the results of computer simulations of dark matter haloes. [17] In a paper published July 20 in the journal Physical Review Letters, an international team of cosmologists uses data from the intergalactic medium— the vast, largely empty space between galaxies—to narrow down what dark matter could be. [16] But a new hypothesis might have gotten us closer to figuring out its identity, because physicists now suspect that dark matter has been changing forms this whole time-from ghostly particles in the Universe's biggest structures, to a strange, superfluid state at smaller scales. And we might soon have the tools to confirm it. [15] Superfluids may exist inside neutron stars, and some researchers have speculated that space-time itself may be a superfluid. So why shouldn't dark matter have a superfluid phase, too? [14] "The best result on dark matter so far—and we just got started." This is how scientists behind XENON1T, now the most sensitive dark matter experiment worldwide , commented on their first result from a short 30-day run presented today to the scientific community. [13] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter. SIMPs would resolve certain discrepancies between simulations of the distribution of dark matter, like this one, and the observed properties of the galaxies. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[37] viXra:1707.0332 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-25 10:42:52

Beyond Einstein and the Big Bang

Authors: Solomon Budnik
Comments: 90 Pages. NextGen Physics and Astrophysics

This book provides new insights in the interaction of light and matter, explains the true origin of our universe, resolves the matter-antimatter dilemma, reveals the quantum gravity creation of so-called black holes and dark matter, describes physical processes and technologies that enable the creation of quantum fusion, flexible quantum nano-computers and quantum devices for telecom and medicine, 3D remote space computers and TV displays in augmented reality, quantum propulsion with levitation and teleportation, and a nuclear accelerator in space that enables spacetime travel beyond time and space dimensions. Breakthrough quantum technologies revealed in this book materialize the Quantum Fusion (QF) Hypothesis which is applicable in the fields of molecular, quantum and computational mechanic,, material science, quantum physics and astrophysics, and electronics.
Category: Astrophysics

[36] viXra:1707.0324 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-25 12:41:02

Explanation of the Spacecraft Flyby Anomaly

Authors: J.F. Cuderman
Comments: 6 Pages.

Anomalous changes in velocity were measured during spacecraft-Earth flybys of spacecraft launched on deep space missions between1990 and 2006.The amount of thevelocity change was small and varied with orbital parameters. Not all such flybys exhibited the effect. Numerous attempts have been made to explain the velocity changes without success. The flyby anomaly is considered a major unresolved problem in astrophysics. A semi-empirical description which is in agreement with results for the anomalous velocity changes was developed by Anderson et al. [1]. During the development of a theory of the gravitational co-field [2], it was noted that the semi-empirical formulation of the flyby data was consistent with that model. This paper provides a physical explanation of the semi-empirical result.
Category: Astrophysics

[35] viXra:1707.0318 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-24 13:47:09

Cold and Fuzzy Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 19 Pages.

In a paper published July 20 in the journal Physical Review Letters, an international team of cosmologists uses data from the intergalactic medium— the vast, largely empty space between galaxies—to narrow down what dark matter could be. [16] But a new hypothesis might have gotten us closer to figuring out its identity, because physicists now suspect that dark matter has been changing forms this whole time-from ghostly particles in the Universe's biggest structures, to a strange, superfluid state at smaller scales. And we might soon have the tools to confirm it. [15] Superfluids may exist inside neutron stars, and some researchers have speculated that space-time itself may be a superfluid. So why shouldn't dark matter have a superfluid phase, too? [14] "The best result on dark matter so far—and we just got started." This is how scientists behind XENON1T, now the most sensitive dark matter experiment worldwide , commented on their first result from a short 30-day run presented today to the scientific community. [13] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter. SIMPs would resolve certain discrepancies between simulations of the distribution of dark matter, like this one, and the observed properties of the galaxies. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[34] viXra:1707.0317 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-24 14:14:38

Dark Matter Mapping

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 20 Pages.

CfA astronomers Annalisa Pillepich and Lars Hernquist and their colleagues compared gravitationally distorted Hubble images of the galaxy cluster Abell 2744 and two other clusters with the results of computer simulations of dark matter haloes. [17] In a paper published July 20 in the journal Physical Review Letters, an international team of cosmologists uses data from the intergalactic medium— the vast, largely empty space between galaxies—to narrow down what dark matter could be. [16] But a new hypothesis might have gotten us closer to figuring out its identity, because physicists now suspect that dark matter has been changing forms this whole time-from ghostly particles in the Universe's biggest structures, to a strange, superfluid state at smaller scales. And we might soon have the tools to confirm it. [15] Superfluids may exist inside neutron stars, and some researchers have speculated that space-time itself may be a superfluid. So why shouldn't dark matter have a superfluid phase, too? [14] "The best result on dark matter so far—and we just got started." This is how scientists behind XENON1T, now the most sensitive dark matter experiment worldwide , commented on their first result from a short 30-day run presented today to the scientific community. [13] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter. SIMPs would resolve certain discrepancies between simulations of the distribution of dark matter, like this one, and the observed properties of the galaxies. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[33] viXra:1707.0316 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-24 14:40:12

Gravitational Lensing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 37 Pages.

Using gravitational lensing, an international team of astronomers has detected a new Type Ia supernova. [29] Veritable shields against high-energy particles, planets' magnetic fields are produced by iron moving in their liquid core. Yet the dominant model for explaining this system does not fit the smallest celestial bodies. [28] Thanks to an innovative ring laser design, geophysicists at LMU can now measure and monitor Earth's rotation with unprecedented accuracy. [27] Spiral galaxies are found to be strongly rotating, with an angular momentum higher by a factor of about five than ellipticals. [26] Throughout the universe, supersonic shock waves propel cosmic rays and supernova particles to velocities near the speed of light. [25] A team of astronomers from the Inter University Centre for Astronomy & Astrophysics (IUCAA), and Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), both in Pune, India, and members of two other Indian universities, have identified a previously unknown, extremely large supercluster of galaxies located in the direction of constellation Pisces. [24] Enigmatic 'dark energy', thought to make up 68% of the universe, may not exist at all, according to a Hungarian-American team. [23] Astronomers in the US are setting up an experiment which, if it fails – as others have – could mark the end of a 30-year-old theory. [22] Russian scientists have discovered that the proportion of unstable particles in the composition of dark matter in the days immediately following the Big Bang was no more than 2 percent to 5 percent. Their study has been published in Physical Review D. [21] Researchers from the University of Amsterdam’s (UvA) GRAPPA Center of Excellence have just published the most precise analysis of the fluctuations in the gamma-ray background to date. [20]
Category: Astrophysics

[32] viXra:1707.0305 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-24 08:40:49

Turbulence in Planetary Cores

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 35 Pages.

Veritable shields against high-energy particles, planets' magnetic fields are produced by iron moving in their liquid core. Yet the dominant model for explaining this system does not fit the smallest celestial bodies. [28] Thanks to an innovative ring laser design, geophysicists at LMU can now measure and monitor Earth's rotation with unprecedented accuracy. [27] Spiral galaxies are found to be strongly rotating, with an angular momentum higher by a factor of about five than ellipticals. [26] Throughout the universe, supersonic shock waves propel cosmic rays and supernova particles to velocities near the speed of light. [25] A team of astronomers from the Inter University Centre for Astronomy & Astrophysics (IUCAA), and Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), both in Pune, India, and members of two other Indian universities, have identified a previously unknown, extremely large supercluster of galaxies located in the direction of constellation Pisces. [24] Enigmatic 'dark energy', thought to make up 68% of the universe, may not exist at all, according to a Hungarian-American team. [23] Astronomers in the US are setting up an experiment which, if it fails – as others have – could mark the end of a 30-year-old theory. [22] Russian scientists have discovered that the proportion of unstable particles in the composition of dark matter in the days immediately following the Big Bang was no more than 2 percent to 5 percent. Their study has been published in Physical Review D. [21] Researchers from the University of Amsterdam's (UvA) GRAPPA Center of Excellence have just published the most precise analysis of the fluctuations in the gamma-ray background to date. [20] The Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument, called DESI, has an ambitious goal: to scan more than 35 million galaxies in the night sky to track the expansion of our universe and the growth of its large-scale structure over the last 10 billion years. [19] If the axion exist and it is the main component of Dark Matter, the very relic axions that would be bombarding us continuously could be detected using microwave resonant (to the axion mass) cavities, immersed in powerful magnetic fields. [18]
Category: Astrophysics

[31] viXra:1707.0295 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-22 16:13:05

Super-Jupiters are Brown Dwarfs in Stellar Metamorphosis

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page. illustrative diagram

It is pointed out using the general theory of stellar metamorphosis that there is no difference between super Jupiters and Brown Dwarf stars. They are the same objects. As well, this is just a smaller reasoning inside of a much larger worldview, stars themselves are the young, hot, big exoplanets. Thus stars were never mutually exclusive of planets/exoplanets. A diagram is presented to show that super Jupiters and Brown dwarfs fit in the exact same spot on the stellar evolution (planet formation) diagram.
Category: Astrophysics

[30] viXra:1707.0294 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-22 16:45:48

The Real Age of Teide-1 in Stellar Metamorphosis

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page. 1 illustrative diagram

Using the Wolynski-Taylor diagram we can give a more accurate age of Teide-1. It is about 350 million years old, not 120 million as claimed by the dogma. This means it is almost 3 times as old. It should be obvious to the reader that astronomers do not understand that stars are young, hot and big planets. This means that any age determination they use absent this understanding will be inaccurate, inconsistent and invalid.
Category: Astrophysics

[29] viXra:1707.0292 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-23 05:57:59

New Explanation for Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 17 Pages.

But a new hypothesis might have gotten us closer to figuring out its identity, because physicists now suspect that dark matter has been changing forms this whole time-from ghostly particles in the Universe's biggest structures, to a strange, superfluid state at smaller scales. And we might soon have the tools to confirm it. [15] Superfluids may exist inside neutron stars, and some researchers have speculated that space-time itself may be a superfluid. So why shouldn't dark matter have a superfluid phase, too? [14] "The best result on dark matter so far—and we just got started." This is how scientists behind XENON1T, now the most sensitive dark matter experiment worldwide , commented on their first result from a short 30-day run presented today to the scientific community. [13] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter. SIMPs would resolve certain discrepancies between simulations of the distribution of dark matter, like this one, and the observed properties of the galaxies. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[28] viXra:1707.0282 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-21 10:45:40

Light on the Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

A web that passes through infinite intergalactic spaces, a dense cosmic forest illuminated by very distant lights and a huge enigma to solve. [32] Physicists from the University of Liverpool have made a huge step forwards towards building a novel experiment to probe the "dark contents" of the vacuum. [31] Researchers at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research in Mumbai have proposed a theory that predicts how dark matter may be annihilating much more rapidly in the Milky Way, than in smaller or larger galaxies and the early Universe. [30] Two teams working independently have conducted studies with similar results suggesting the possibility that some of the cosmic rays striking the Earth arise from dark matter particles colliding with one another. [29] A mysterious gamma-ray glow at the center of the Milky Way is most likely caused by pulsars – the incredibly dense, rapidly spinning cores of collapsed ancient stars that were up to 30 times more massive than the sun. [28] Further evidence of the existence of dark matter – the mysterious substance that is believed to hold the Universe together – has been produced by Cosmologists at Durham University. [27] Researchers at the University of Waterloo have been able to capture the first composite image of a dark matter bridge that connects galaxies together. [26] In an abandoned gold mine one mile beneath Lead, South Dakota, the cosmos quiets down enough to potentially hear the faint whispers of the universe's most elusive material—dark matter. [25] The PICO bubble chambers use temperature and sound to tune into dark matter particles. [24] A detection device designed and built at Yale is narrowing the search for dark matter in the form of axions, a theorized subatomic particle that may make up as much as 80% of the matter in the universe. [23] The race is on to build the most sensitive U.S.-based experiment designed to directly detect dark matter particles. Department of Energy officials have formally approved a key construction milestone that will propel the project toward its April 2020 goal for completion. [22]
Category: Astrophysics

[27] viXra:1707.0274 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-20 07:30:59

The Location of HIP 65426b on the Wolynski-Taylor Diagram

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page. 1 illustrative graph

Astronomers have no idea how something so hot, so small could form so far from its host star. It fits in stellar metamorphosis theory on a simple graph. It is a 350 million year old brown dwarf star.
Category: Astrophysics

[26] viXra:1707.0271 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-20 10:35:11

A Conjecture of Gravitons Driving Cosmic Expansion

Authors: Yanming Wei
Comments: 4 pages, 2 figures. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.21780.19846

It is well known that electronic orbital potential reduction or orbit shrinkage can result photon emission, and photon can excite another atom then expand electrons shell. In similar way, one stellar system shrinkage should also emit graviton, and another stellar system on the path of graviton propagation should be able to absorb the said graviton if energy enough to secure a minimal orbital expansive leap.
Category: Astrophysics

[25] viXra:1707.0262 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-20 05:57:22

The Universe or Nothing: the Heat Death of the Universe and It's Ultimate Fate

Authors: Islam Atef Aly
Comments: 5 pages, 2 figures and one table

This paper overviews my hypothesis of the ultimate fate of the universe, showing how it will reach the heat death, and how the dark energy has the main role in the universe movement and even it's end, this paper opens a new path in the searching about the nature of dark energy, by knowing that it's the reason why the universe is expanding, cooling and losing energy. And to note that in this paper we based on that the universe is closed.
Category: Astrophysics

[24] viXra:1707.0259 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-19 10:17:16

Cosmological Collider

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 12 Pages.

In a recent research, scientists from HKUST and Harvard University revealed the connection between those two aspects, and argued that our universe could be used as a particle physics "collider" to study the high energy particle physics. [8] According to Einstein's theory of relativity, the curvature of spacetime was infinite at the big bang. In fact, at this point all mathematical tools fail, and the theory breaks down. [7] The universe may have existed forever, according to a new model that applies quantum correction terms to complement Einstein's theory of general relativity. The model may also account for dark matter and dark energy, resolving multiple problems at once. [6] This paper explains the Accelerating Universe, the Special and General Relativity from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the moving electric charges. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The Big Bang caused acceleration created the radial currents of the matter and since the matter composed of negative and positive charges, these currents are creating magnetic field and attracting forces between the parallel moving electric currents. This is the gravitational force experienced by the matter, and also the mass is result of the electromagnetic forces between the charged particles. The positive and negative charged currents attracts each other or by the magnetic forces or by the much stronger electrostatic forces. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy.
Category: Astrophysics

[23] viXra:1707.0257 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-18 22:49:05

The Principle of Equatorial Planes in Planet Formation (Stellar Evolution) in Stellar Metamorphosis

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages. 1 data set

: It is proposed a principle of equatorial planes to accurately predict the orbits of evolving stars around their hosts. The new star systems found will have companion stars orbiting their hosts at all inclination angles. The Sun and its orbiting evolving/dead stars are used as an example.
Category: Astrophysics

[22] viXra:1707.0236 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-17 11:00:59

Galaxy Rotation Curves: is there a Need for Dark Matter?

Authors: S.M.Hosseini, M.I.Kendrick
Comments: 4 Pages.

Galaxy rotation curves: is there a need for Dark Matter? Abstract In this paper a new approach to the Galaxy rotation curves has produced two values, one for the expansion of space or opening of space that gives a value three times as large as the actual rotation curves of the galaxy due to the real recession red-shift of the galaxy, see paper on: Hubble constant and the age of the Universe by the same authors[1]. The apparent red-shift will indicate that the values of the rotation velocities are three times the actual values, which in turn makes the mass of the galaxy nine times larger than the actual mass compare with the luminosity mass ratio and therefore indicating nearly an order of magnitude larger mass for the host galaxy of which about 90% of Dark Matter inferred in the host galaxy. Furthermore the values of the rotation curve in our own Milky-Way galaxy needs adjustments due to the nature of the aether or photon background in the galaxy. The background photons in our galaxy are of the shorter wavelengths near the center of the galaxy and longer wavelengths in the outskirt of the galaxy or the dark halo, see paper on: Wave particle and luminiferous aether trinity of the light[2]. The size of the galactic photon background will influence our velocity measurements.
Category: Astrophysics

[21] viXra:1707.0231 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-17 09:48:09

Monitor Earth's Rotation

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 34 Pages.

Thanks to an innovative ring laser design, geophysicists at LMU can now measure and monitor Earth's rotation with unprecedented accuracy. [27] Spiral galaxies are found to be strongly rotating, with an angular momentum higher by a factor of about five than ellipticals. [26] Throughout the universe, supersonic shock waves propel cosmic rays and supernova particles to velocities near the speed of light. [25] A team of astronomers from the Inter University Centre for Astronomy & Astrophysics (IUCAA), and Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), both in Pune, India, and members of two other Indian universities, have identified a previously unknown, extremely large supercluster of galaxies located in the direction of constellation Pisces. [24] Enigmatic 'dark energy', thought to make up 68% of the universe, may not exist at all, according to a Hungarian-American team. [23] Astronomers in the US are setting up an experiment which, if it fails – as others have – could mark the end of a 30-year-old theory. [22] Russian scientists have discovered that the proportion of unstable particles in the composition of dark matter in the days immediately following the Big Bang was no more than 2 percent to 5 percent. Their study has been published in Physical Review D. [21] Researchers from the University of Amsterdam's (UvA) GRAPPA Center of Excellence have just published the most precise analysis of the fluctuations in the gamma-ray background to date. [20] The Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument, called DESI, has an ambitious goal: to scan more than 35 million galaxies in the night sky to track the expansion of our universe and the growth of its large-scale structure over the last 10 billion years. [19] If the axion exist and it is the main component of Dark Matter, the very relic axions that would be bombarding us continuously could be detected using microwave resonant (to the axion mass) cavities, immersed in powerful magnetic fields. [18] In yet another attempt to nail down the elusive nature of dark matter, a European team of researchers has used a supercomputer to develop a profile of the yet-to-be-detected entity that appears to pervade the universe. [17]
Category: Astrophysics

[20] viXra:1707.0224 [pdf] replaced on 2017-09-02 04:39:25

The Magic of the New Electric Dark Matter Black Hole on Earth and Space.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 24 Pages.

The Magic of the New Electric Dark Matter Black Hole on Earth and Space.. Leo Vuyk, Architect, Rotterdam, the Netherlands. Abstract, Black Hole Quantum Gravity examples in space observed between different nebula (B 1509 and the Helix). According to Function Follows Form (FFF) Theory, Hawking black hole should be interpreted differently. The new (FFF) black hole says that the BH nucleus is a bunch of rigid string particles compressed by the oscillating vacuum particles. All Fermions should be repelled at a new physics BH repelling horizon which has supposed to have two globular shells of positive or negative charge! As a result, each black hole is assumed to have a globular shell of positron and proton based plasma at the inside and a negative electron based plasma shell outside this positive shell. If we include existence of small interference black holes (or Quantum Knots) then Ball lightning and micro comets ( including Comets and sunspots) are to be explained as micro black holes violating the second law of thermodynamics. The form and microstructure of elementary particles, is supposed to be the origin of functional differences between Higgs- Graviton- Photon and Fermion particles. As a consequence of the quantum gravity difference on fermions and black hole nuclei, the new splitting, accelerating and pairing massless black hole, is able to convert vacuum energy (ZPE) into real energy by entropy decrease. This explains quick Galaxy- and Star formation, down to Sunspots, (Micro) Comets, Lightning bolts, Sprites and Elves, Sprite Fireballs and Ball Lightning according to quantum.
Category: Astrophysics

[19] viXra:1707.0215 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-15 20:28:14

The Solar System Geometry (III)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 74 Pages.

Abstract The Total Solar Eclipse tells us… "The Earth orbital distance / Earth moon distance = the sun diameter / the moon diameter" No geometrical reason behind ! The solar planets creation theory tells us, a big star was following the sun, and exploded, from his material the solar planets were formed by the gravity … i.e. The Solar Planets were created Randomly, and so any relationship as the previous one must be found by "Pure Coincidence"! I suggest, alternative theory concerns the solar group creation…let's write it: -The solar planets were created Relating Geometrically to each other and Not Randomly. -The Matter in general is produced in pairs relating geometrically (or in some other features) and there's no any matter is found individually. -The solar group is one building, each planet is a component in this same building, that's why each planet has a geometrical relationship with one or more of other planets … -The sun is created related to the solar planets geometrically. To support my theory let's use Einstein Equation E=mc2 We consider Each Particle Mass & Energy is independent from any other Particle Mass & Energy… But let's suppose that, there's One General Energy (E), for the whole universe. So the universe will be as a puppets theater, the puppets are the masses but all of them are connected together in the General Energy i.e. Each Planet (Particle) Energy Is Created Connected To This General Energy, And So They Are Connected & Related Geometrically To Each Other…. that's what my theory suggests
Category: Astrophysics

[18] viXra:1707.0213 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-15 04:13:59

Galaxy Rotation Secrets

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

Spiral galaxies are found to be strongly rotating, with an angular momentum higher by a factor of about five than ellipticals. [26] Throughout the universe, supersonic shock waves propel cosmic rays and supernova particles to velocities near the speed of light. [25] A team of astronomers from the Inter University Centre for Astronomy & Astrophysics (IUCAA), and Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), both in Pune, India, and members of two other Indian universities, have identified a previously unknown, extremely large supercluster of galaxies located in the direction of constellation Pisces. [24] Enigmatic 'dark energy', thought to make up 68% of the universe, may not exist at all, according to a Hungarian-American team. [23] Astronomers in the US are setting up an experiment which, if it fails – as others have – could mark the end of a 30-year-old theory. [22] Russian scientists have discovered that the proportion of unstable particles in the composition of dark matter in the days immediately following the Big Bang was no more than 2 percent to 5 percent. Their study has been published in Physical Review D. [21] Researchers from the University of Amsterdam’s (UvA) GRAPPA Center of Excellence have just published the most precise analysis of the fluctuations in the gamma-ray background to date. [20] The Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument, called DESI, has an ambitious goal: to scan more than 35 million galaxies in the night sky to track the expansion of our universe and the growth of its large-scale structure over the last 10 billion years. [19] If the axion exist and it is the main component of Dark Matter, the very relic axions that would be bombarding us continuously could be detected using microwave resonant (to the axion mass) cavities, immersed in powerful magnetic fields. [18] In yet another attempt to nail down the elusive nature of dark matter, a European team of researchers has used a supercomputer to develop a profile of the yet-to-be-detected entity that appears to pervade the universe. [17] MIT physicists are proposing a new experiment to detect a dark matter particle called the axion. If successful, the effort could crack one of the most perplexing unsolved mysteries in particle physics, as well as finally yield a glimpse of dark matter. [16] Researches at Stockholm University are getting closer to light dark-matter particle models. Observations rule out some axion-like particles in the quest for the content of dark matter. The article is now published in the Physical Review Letters. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun’s core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[17] viXra:1707.0208 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-14 11:34:33

Astrophysical Shock Waves

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 31 Pages.

Throughout the universe, supersonic shock waves propel cosmic rays and supernova particles to velocities near the speed of light. [25] A team of astronomers from the Inter University Centre for Astronomy & Astrophysics (IUCAA), and Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), both in Pune, India, and members of two other Indian universities, have identified a previously unknown, extremely large supercluster of galaxies located in the direction of constellation Pisces. [24] Enigmatic 'dark energy', thought to make up 68% of the universe, may not exist at all, according to a Hungarian-American team. [23] Astronomers in the US are setting up an experiment which, if it fails – as others have – could mark the end of a 30-year-old theory. [22] Russian scientists have discovered that the proportion of unstable particles in the composition of dark matter in the days immediately following the Big Bang was no more than 2 percent to 5 percent. Their study has been published in Physical Review D. [21] Researchers from the University of Amsterdam's (UvA) GRAPPA Center of Excellence have just published the most precise analysis of the fluctuations in the gamma-ray background to date. [20] The Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument, called DESI, has an ambitious goal: to scan more than 35 million galaxies in the night sky to track the expansion of our universe and the growth of its large-scale structure over the last 10 billion years. [19] If the axion exist and it is the main component of Dark Matter, the very relic axions that would be bombarding us continuously could be detected using microwave resonant (to the axion mass) cavities, immersed in powerful magnetic fields. [18] In yet another attempt to nail down the elusive nature of dark matter, a European team of researchers has used a supercomputer to develop a profile of the yet-to-be-detected entity that appears to pervade the universe. [17] MIT physicists are proposing a new experiment to detect a dark matter particle called the axion. If successful, the effort could crack one of the most perplexing unsolved mysteries in particle physics, as well as finally yield a glimpse of dark matter. [16] Researches at Stockholm University are getting closer to light dark-matter particle models. Observations rule out some axion-like particles in the quest for the content of dark matter. The article is now published in the Physical Review Letters. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[16] viXra:1707.0205 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-14 07:42:01

Determining the Ages of Stars Using Isotropic Abundances According to Stellar Metamorphosis

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages. 1 illustrative graph

In stellar metamorphosis stars in different stages to their evolution are present in the solar system. They are all mutually exclusive objects not related to the Sun, therefore should all have different isotropic abundances of essentially all elements. Since oxygen has three isotopes that are stable, O-16, O-17 and O-18 then we can use their ratios to determine how old a star is, based off simple processes that occur in stellar evolution.
Category: Astrophysics

[15] viXra:1707.0203 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-14 08:14:11

Large-Scale Structures in the Universe

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 29 Pages.

A team of astronomers from the Inter University Centre for Astronomy & Astrophysics (IUCAA), and Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), both in Pune, India, and members of two other Indian universities, have identified a previously unknown, extremely large supercluster of galaxies located in the direction of constellation Pisces. [24] Enigmatic 'dark energy', thought to make up 68% of the universe, may not exist at all, according to a Hungarian-American team. [23] Astronomers in the US are setting up an experiment which, if it fails – as others have – could mark the end of a 30-year-old theory. [22] Russian scientists have discovered that the proportion of unstable particles in the composition of dark matter in the days immediately following the Big Bang was no more than 2 percent to 5 percent. Their study has been published in Physical Review D. [21] Researchers from the University of Amsterdam’s (UvA) GRAPPA Center of Excellence have just published the most precise analysis of the fluctuations in the gamma-ray background to date. [20] The Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument, called DESI, has an ambitious goal: to scan more than 35 million galaxies in the night sky to track the expansion of our universe and the growth of its large-scale structure over the last 10 billion years. [19] If the axion exist and it is the main component of Dark Matter, the very relic axions that would be bombarding us continuously could be detected using microwave resonant (to the axion mass) cavities, immersed in powerful magnetic fields. [18] In yet another attempt to nail down the elusive nature of dark matter, a European team of researchers has used a supercomputer to develop a profile of the yet-to-be-detected entity that appears to pervade the universe. [17] MIT physicists are proposing a new experiment to detect a dark matter particle called the axion. If successful, the effort could crack one of the most perplexing unsolved mysteries in particle physics, as well as finally yield a glimpse of dark matter. [16] Researches at Stockholm University are getting closer to light dark-matter particle models. Observations rule out some axion-like particles in the quest for the content of dark matter. The article is now published in the Physical Review Letters. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun’s core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[14] viXra:1707.0189 [pdf] replaced on 2017-07-14 05:30:02

Black Hole Nuclei as a Bunch of Rigid Transformable Higgs Strings Splitting by Relative Small Companion Mergers or Decreased Vacuum Pressure.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 20 Pages.

Complex galaxy / star evolution seems to be not only created by galaxy or star merging, but even by central galaxy- and stellar mass black hole chopping into two equal parts to form black hole based Hotspots for Herbig Haro systems or even for Double Radio Galaxies. This process is supposed to be the consequence of the new physics Electric Dark Matter Black Hole (EDM-BH) principle of Quantum FFF Theory ( Function Follows Forms) and supported by observation of Triple Double Radio Galaxies and even by BH splitting in the Spire Eagle nebula. The EDM-BH is assumed to contain a real particle nucleus of so called Axion-Higgs rigid transformable strings , which are compressed together by the pressure of the oscillation Axion Higgs vacuum lattice. Even the Big Bang nucleus is assumed to contain only compressed Axion Higgs strings which could explode into splinters and dual vacuum particles by the reduced vacuum pressure around the Big Crunch nucleus of a former universe.
Category: Astrophysics

[13] viXra:1707.0188 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-13 08:57:00

The Hypergeometrical Universe: Cosmogenesis, Cosmology and Standard Model

Authors: Marco Pereira
Comments: 79 Pages.

This paper presents a simple and purely geometrical Grand Unification Theory. Quantum Gravity, Electrostatic and Magnetic interactions are shown in a unified framework. Newton's Gravitational Law, Gauss' Electrostatics Law and Biot-Savart's Electromagnetism Law are derived from first principles. Gravitational Lensing and Mercury Perihelion Precession are replicated within the theory. Unification symmetry is defined for all the existing forces. This alternative model does not require Strong and Electroweak forces. A 4D Shock-Wave Hyperspherical topology is proposed for the Universe which together with a Quantum Lagrangian Principle and a Dilator based model for matter result in a quantized stepwise expansion for the whole Universe along a radial direction within a 4D spatial manifold. The Hypergeometrical Standard Model for matter, Universe Topology and a new Law of Gravitation are presented. Newton's and Einstein's Laws of Gravitation and Dynamics, Gauss Law of Electrostatics among others are challenged when HU presents Type 1A Supernova Survey results. HU's SN1a results challenge current Cosmological Standard Model (L-CDM) by challenging its Cosmological Ruler d(z). SDSS BOSS dataset is shown to support a new Cosmogenesis theory and HU proposal that we are embedded in a 5D Spacetime. The Big Bang Theory is shown to be challenged by SDSS BOSS dataset. Hyperspherical Acoustic Oscillations are demonstrated in the SDSS BOSS Galaxy density. A New de-Broglie Force is proposed.
Category: Astrophysics

[12] viXra:1707.0180 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-12 21:06:31

Explaining Two Major Jet Propulsion Lab Mysteries Concerning Planet Formation and Star Evolution

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages. 1 picture, 1 internet link

Two major mysteries are still prevalent according to scientists at Jet Propulsion Laboratories. The first mystery is how micron sized dust particles can clump together into kilometer sized planetesimals. The second mystery is why the oxygen-16 is higher in abundance and nitrogen-15 is in lower comparable abundance in solar wind measurements. In short, the extent and origin of isotopic variations in all samples of solar system objects can be attributable to one factor, which can also explain how micron sized objects become 1 kilometer sized ones during planet formation. Both mysteries are solved with one simple realization, or “aha!” moment.
Category: Astrophysics

[11] viXra:1707.0159 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-11 07:18:06

Alternative Reflections on the "Speed of Gravity"

Authors: Johann Albers
Comments: 4 Pages.

The attractive force of gravity, according to Newton's law, enables the planet Earth to move on a planetary orbit around the Sun. The observed stability of Earth's orbital parameters obviously demands an instantaneous interaction along the line between the actual positions of both bodies. Especially on the basis of Special Relativity (STG), General Relativity (GTR), and a lot of experimental results, it is a commonly accepted result, that the speed of gravity, at which gravitational interactions propagate, is equal to c, the speed of light. This rather low speed, however, leads to aberration effects with an amount of 20 arcsec, which prevent a stable orbit. Newtonian Mechanics therefore prefer to assume an almost infinitely high value of the speed of gravity to solve this problem. Relativistic Mechanics seem to favor the existence of appropriate forces which are dictated by conservation laws and the quadrupole nature of gravitational radiation. The Alternative Reflections on Gravitation (ARG), however, let expect quite different results. In a Sun-Earth system the aberration is at least five orders of magnitude lower than expected from Newtonian Mechanics. In a Sun-satellite system the aberration is immeasurably small. This result may be compared to Newtonian and Relativistic Mechanics which also for this system let expect the same amount of aberration of 20 arcsec as for the Sun-Earth system.
Category: Astrophysics

[10] viXra:1707.0158 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-11 07:32:02

The Relation of Surface Temperature and Populations of Stars in Evolving Galaxies

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page. 1 diagram

A simple relation of stellar surface temperature and population counts of stars in evolving galaxies is provided. They are inversely proportional.
Category: Astrophysics

[9] viXra:1707.0148 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-10 15:03:13

Is Hubble’s Law an Evidence for the Big Bang Theory?

Authors: Arieh Sher
Comments: 11 Pages.

Hubble's law is considered the first and most cited observational basis for the Big Bang (BB) theory. Hubble, relying on observations made by him and by others, postulated that galaxies are receding from each other at a velocity that is linear to their relative distances. He used the Doppler effect for finding the receding velocity. He claimed that there is a linear relation between the galaxy’s receding velocity and the measured redshift of the galaxy. These observations led to acceptance of the BB theory. The linear relation seemed valid for galaxies relatively close to the Milky Way with small redshifts. However, later measurements done on distant galaxies with high redshift show that the linear graph curves up. These later observations led to the theory that the universe is expanding at an ever-accelerating rate and subsequently to the theory of Dark Energy to account for this accelerated expansion. These new theories related to the accelerated expanding universe has raised controversies among the scientific community. The Pivot theory is a new theory, that I originally suggested for solving the dark matter problem. I claim that the current structure of the universe structure is a huge black hole, the Pivot, where all the dark matter is concentrated, and a ring of a visible universe is orbiting it. In the current article, I claim that the observed z shift of galaxies is caused by gravitational shift of the Pivot rather than by Doppler shift suggested by Hubble. A detailed description of this theory is presented by Sher [1]
Category: Astrophysics

[8] viXra:1707.0139 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-10 10:44:11

Occupation of the Sun Which Causes Approach of Ice Age

Authors: Korniienko V
Comments: 16 Pages. In Russian

Our observations have shown that in the summer of 2003 Earth and the Sun were occupied by a power information field (EIF) and since then sucks away S-radiations which consist of electromagnetic energiya of elementary particles of solar matter from the Sun. It has caused decrease of the activity of the Sun, and also the fact that his crown began to generate waves of S-radiations which brought high-temperature deep solar heat to Earth. However in April, 2017 these waves have disappeared. It, and also the fact that EIF shield solar S-radiations, and with them and warmly solar flashes, has led to decrease in revenues to Earth of solar heat that is the most sensitive in middle and high latitudes. It has also caused extraordinary cold spring and summer 2017 that foretells approach of Ice Age. In article the method of cleaning of the Sun of EIF is offered that will return him in the normal state and will prevent frosting of the planet.
Category: Astrophysics

[7] viXra:1707.0126 [pdf] replaced on 2017-07-13 11:10:52

A Cursory Examination of "Electric Universe" Claims Regarding Planetary Orbits

Authors: Bob Ham
Comments: 3 Pages.

In this paper I examine the claim that the orbits of planets can be explained by nothing more than the electricity and magnetism. For the "overdensity claim," I find that the surface charge densities required to account for observations of the orbits of planets in our own Solar System are not physical. For the "dipole claim," I find that the electric field from the Sun is negligibly small, causing a central force that is 75 orders of magnitude too small to account for the motion of the Earth. These models cannot explain planetary orbits.
Category: Astrophysics

[6] viXra:1707.0119 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-08 20:41:58

Radio Map of North Galactic Pole Reveals Influx of Hydrogen

Authors: B. Rout, Z. Cutter, T. Fairbrother, K. Pantherbone, J. Black Plume, M. Stevens, I. Big Tobacco
Comments: 2 Pages.

A 21-cm radio map around the north galactic pole reveals both an influx of Hydrogen with a velocity of 25-30 kps and and out-flux of Hydrogen at about 2 kps. Data in this region shows a distinct double peak in signal strength vs velocity centered at 1.42 GHz. The map shows a quasi-circular region of Hydrogen influx centered on the north galactic pole and having a diameter of about 10 degrees of arc.
Category: Astrophysics

[5] viXra:1707.0112 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-07 07:59:08

Zero Work, Escape Velocity and the Condition of Minimum Energy Change

Authors: Sonal Jagdish Gupta
Comments: 12 Pages. the paper dealswith the interpretation and co-relation of zero work and escape velocity

Abstract All material bodies compromises of atoms/molecules in there pure form. The kinetic energy of any body is the sum of energies of its atoms and molecules this also applies to potential energy. The smallest change in energy is governed by the quantum of action and should be equal to 6.623 × 10ିଷସ J. The number of atoms in a body determines its requirement for minimum energy when the applied force is unable to deliver this least quantum of energy to all the constituent particles compromising the body then there will be no observational motion and the work done is zero work. Mass act as a reluctance which opposes the change in state. When a body moves with reference to massive gravitating body then after a particular distance the potential energy of the system becomes lesser than the minimum energy then the massive body is unable to do any work on the moving body and the motion of the moving body becomes inertial thereafter. Velocity is quantized in one dimensional linear motion.
Category: Astrophysics

[4] viXra:1707.0095 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-06 11:40:34

The Principle of Diminishing Internal Pressure in Stellar Metamorphosis

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

A new principle of stellar evolution/planet formation is presented to explain the changes in pressure on evolving stars (forming planets) internally. A few consequences to the dogma are outlined as well.
Category: Astrophysics

[3] viXra:1707.0067 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-05 04:09:06

Pulsar Emits a Rotating Beam

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 13 Pages.

Researchers at the University of Southampton have cast doubt over established explanations for certain behaviours in pulsars-highly magnetised rotating neutron stars, formed from the remains of supernovae. [8] Installed on the International Space Station, by mid-July it will commence its scientific work – to study the exotic astrophysical objects known as neutron stars and examine whether they could be used as deep-space navigation beacons for future generations of spacecraft. [7] NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory has discovered the first direct evidence for a superfluid, a bizarre, friction-free state of matter, at the core of a neutron star. Superfluids created in laboratories on Earth exhibit remarkable properties, such as the ability to climb upward and escape airtight containers. The finding has important implications for understanding nuclear interactions in matter at the highest known densities. [6] This paper explains the Accelerating Universe, the Special and General Relativity from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the moving electric charges. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The Big Bang caused acceleration created the radial currents of the matter and since the matter composed of negative and positive charges, these currents are creating magnetic field and attracting forces between the parallel moving electric currents. This is the gravitational force experienced by the matter, and also the mass is result of the electromagnetic forces between the charged particles. The positive and negative charged currents attracts each other or by the magnetic forces or by the much stronger electrostatic forces. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy.
Category: Astrophysics

[2] viXra:1707.0057 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-04 18:28:18

The Shape of the Universe and It's Density Parameter; the Ratio of the Actual Density of the Universe to the Critical Density that Would be Required to Cause the Expansion to Stop

Authors: Islam Atef Aly
Comments: 7 Pages.

This paper overviewing the answer to a reasonable question to wonder what the shape of the Universe is. Is it a sphere? A torus? Is it open or closed, or flat? And what does that all mean anyway? Is it doubly curved like a western saddle? What can determine the entire fate of the Universe. Does the Universe go on forever? If not is there some kind of giant brick wall at the edge of the Universe? As it turns out, the answer is both simpler and weirder than all those options. What does the Universe look like is a question we love to guess at as a species and make up all kinds of nonsense.
Category: Astrophysics

[1] viXra:1707.0005 [pdf] replaced on 2017-07-20 07:22:36

Solving the Dark Matter Riddle

Authors: Karan R.Takkhi
Comments: 8 pages, 6 figures, 2 tables

Dark matter is considered to be responsible for the unexpectedly high velocities exhibited by the galactic components within the galactic disc and by the galaxies situated within rich galaxy clusters. The velocities are high and the total light output due to visible matter alone cannot account for all the mass and gravity for the overall observed stability. The presence of additional matter in the form of dark matter is required to explain the gravitational stability at such high velocities. I present a theory based on the study of certain characteristics responsible for causing the galaxy rotation problem. Solution to the mentioned problem has been discussed by considering the baryonic matter distribution only. The orbital stability of galaxies at high velocities within rich galaxy clusters has also been taken into account. The theory provides a credible solution without considering dark matter and also without modifying the laws of gravity.
Category: Astrophysics