Social Science

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Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed further down

[79] viXra:1411.0586 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-28 15:09:23

The Frustration Effect: Behavioral and Emotional Reactions to Unanswered Voice

Authors: Liraz Margalit, Ramzi Suleiman, Yuval Samid
Comments: 18 Pages.

The frustration effect refers to situations in which, despite an individual’s option to express an opinion, the decision maker does not take that opinion into consideration. Theories of justice predict that, compared with having no voice, an unanswered voice will result in more frustration, dissatisfaction, and negative evaluations of outcome and procedural fairness. We tested these predictions experimentally, using an ultimatum and dictator games in which all participants played the role of recipients, while the allocators were fictitious players, who ostensibly offered them low shares. We found strong support to the frustration-effect hypothesis. Relative to recipients in the no-voice condition, in the unanswered-voice condition recipients in the two games perceived the situation as less fair and expressed more frustration and dissatisfaction from their low outcomes. Moreover, compared with the dictator condition, in the ultimatum game a significantly higher percentage of the recipients rejected the low offers under the unanswered-voice condition than under the no-voice condition. The results also revealed an interesting gender difference in the participants' responses to unanswered voice. Compared to women, men reported higher frustration levels, and rejected low offers with a significantly higher rate when their voice was ignored.
Category: Social Science

[78] viXra:1411.0480 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-20 10:16:42

A Curva de Kuznets e o "Milagre" Brasileiro

Authors: Rodolfo Henrique Cerbaro
Comments: 4 Pages.

O presente trabalho entrelaça a Curva de Kuznets – a observação empírica que a desigualdade de renda tende a seguir um padrão de curva e diminuir em determinado período na evolução de economias – com as marchas e contramarchas da economia brasileira no século XX, hipotetizando uma relação desta “curva” com o forte crescimento pós-deslocamento do centro dinâmico da economia brasileira nas décadas seguintes. O período que se brevemente analisa é o da economia agroexportadora (até 1930), passando pela industrialização substituidora de importações (1930-1960), e o que acreditamos ser consequência do “voltar-se para dentro” – o período do milagre econômico (1968-73). É nesse período, pós-deslocamento do centro dinâmico da economia, que as maiores taxas de crescimento se situam, e nossa hipótese e objetivo geral é afirmar, através de metodologia bibliográfica, que tal não é por acaso, mas vem como causa do efeito “voltar-se para dentro” da economia brasileira, malgrado esse resultado ser apenas uma hipótese, pois que, dada a complexidade do assunto, a conclusão é que torna-se apenas possível hipotetizar.
Category: Social Science

[77] viXra:1411.0372 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-19 10:39:55

Persistent Organic Pollutants and Other Hazardous Wastes from Titanium Processing Industry the Kerala Minerals and Metals Limited, India

Authors: VT Padmanabhan
Comments: 10 Pages.

It has been known since 1998 that the processing of titanium via chloride route generates persistent organic pollutants like dioxin, furan, poly chlorinated biphenyls etc. The inventory of toixins also includes heavy metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, most of which are carcinogenic and mutagenic. Costly remedial measures have been implemented by the industry in Europe, North America and Japan during the last decade. Prices of titanium products more than doubled due to this. However, it has been business as usual in the Kerala Minerals and Metals Ltd, a public sector undertaking and the only producer of titanium dioxide pigment via chloride routein India. With about half a million tons of solid waste containing highly hazardous substances, which will stay in the eco-system, the biosphere and the breast milk for hundreds of years into the future, the industry is neck deep in crisis.
Category: Social Science

[76] viXra:1411.0102 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-12 17:00:17

Science, the Virtual and the Actual : A Real Stand-off

Authors: Marvin E. Kirsh
Comments: 11 Pages.

The World Wide Web is a source of social encounter occurring over undefined distances. If physical parameters of social encounter are considered uncontrollable for studies in a natural setting, the internet world, when dissected philosophically with respect to physical witnessibility of engaged identities, provides a model in which distance is absent. Upon comparison of meaning in science method and theory as it is necessarily rooted to common perceptional experience, it is proposed that established criteria of virtual, real, and actual employed for description in internet communication studies not only constitute 'world', but 'universe' in which the gap between the actual and virtual has a physical meaning. Philosophical analogy is made from a proposed universal model to theory proposed by Albert Einstein, Karl Popper and Thomas Kuhn and applied in an attempt to bridge conceptually the social and natural sciences . A release of identity-funding inhibition to the extension of the range of witness beyond the immediate environment, associated with cognitive generalization of phenomenon involving a null hypothesis, seen universally to singularly account for cognitive and behavioral trends towards modern times, is proposed to be the consequence of physical factors that are external to cultures. Discussion relating ‘paradox’ as ‘paradox of the injuring concept’ is rendered in terms of a physical divide between the virtual and the actual.
Category: Social Science

[75] viXra:1411.0093 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-11 17:29:42

Anthropology and Parallelism :The Individual as a Universal

Authors: Marvin E. Kirsh
Comments: 5 Pages.

It is difficult to define perspective within sets that are self belonging. For example in the study of mankind, anthropology, both men and their studies fall into the same category that contains the topic outline. This situation entails a universal quality of uniqueness, an instance of it, to the topic of anthropology that may be viewed in parallel with the topic of nature as the set of unique particulars. Yet one might assent to the notion in the inclusive study of man, anthropology, that nothing in its’ content should conceivably be construed to exceed it, though in approaches to the topic, reference to the topic of nature, unavoided, refer to the scientific topic of nature in which contemporary notions, when contrasted, exceed the perceptual experience of nature. In this presentation problems in approaches and in the application of available tools for analysis to the study of man will be discussed. Framed with respect to a concept of parallelism, notions and stimuli are introduced to augment and reorient towards a more creative perspective with respect to the organization of first perspective considerations in studies. The theories of relativity, the idea of mathematical relations for simultaneous events, the presence of artifactual paradoxes as they are reflected in thinking and the scientific tools applied towards investigations are discussed and hopefully highlighted so that they may hopefully be perceived distinctly form realities involved in the pursuit of studies.
Category: Social Science

[74] viXra:1411.0066 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-07 15:50:14

Explicit and Implicit Evaluation of Pain Experienced by Ingroup and Outgroup Members: the Case of the Jewish-Arab Conflict

Authors: Ramzi Suleiman, Reem Yahya, Jean Decety, Simone Shamay-Tsoory
Comments: 16 Pages.

Despite the automaticity of empathy for pain of others, recent research highlights the important role of top-down components and of social categorization factors in determining peoples’ empathy to pain. An important question, largely ignored in previous research, concerns empathy to ingroup and outgroup members’ pain in the contexts of ongoing intergroup conflict. In the present study we examined how implicit and explicit ethnic social categorization of others affects empathy in the context of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. To meet this aim, we assessed perceived pain when Jewish and Arab participants viewed a series of visual stimuli, depicting painful and non-painful familiar situations. The stimuli were associated with explicitly or subliminally implicitly primed typical names depicting ingroup, neutral outgroup, and adversary outgroup members. Results demonstrate that when the targets’ categories are primed implicitly, Jews and Palestinian-Arabs showed no ingroup or ougroup bias. In contrast, pain ratings in the explicit priming provide support for the ingroup empathy hypothesis, positing that empathy to pain is higher for ingroup, than for outgroup members.
Category: Social Science

[73] viXra:1410.0204 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-31 04:48:11

Music Collection: In the world (2)

Authors: Cheng Tianren
Comments: 9 Pages.

this is a music work of Professor Jeff, which collect 49 songs associated with 49 lyrical stories. In the second part, we select 17 music pieces of them to describe the growth experience of Jeff. on the other hand, this is not only a music composition, it is also suitable for music education.
Category: Social Science

[72] viXra:1410.0013 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-03 16:22:12

The Sharing Dilemma: Joining Cooperative Groups and Sharing Resources as a Means of Coping with Environmental Risk

Authors: Ramzi Suleiman, Efrat Aharonov-Majar, Pini Luzon
Comments: 26 Pages.

The "social insurance" hypothesis posits that individuals join cooperative groups and share resources in order to reduce environmental risk. Despite its significance for explaining cooperative groups’ formation, in small-scale and in developing societies, the hypothesis has been subjected to little experimental testing. The present research is designed to examine the relative weight of the motivation for social insurance compared to other psychological motivations for sharing risk. We conducted two studies to test the tendency to share risk under different risk conditions and for groups of different sizes. A third experiment extends the risk sharing research to situations involving losses instead of gains. The findings of the first two studies lend strong support to the risk-sharing hypothesis in the gain domain. For the loss domain, the results of the third experiment demonstrate an intriguing shift from strong reluctance to join groups under lower risk, to ubiquitous readiness to join groups under higher risk. We discuss these results in light of prospect theory and decisions from experience.
Category: Social Science

[71] viXra:1409.0245 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-30 18:12:36

Sleeping on the Enemy's Couch: Psychotherapy Across Ethnic Boundaries in Israel

Authors: Ramzi Suleiman, Yifat Agat-Galili
Comments: 23 Pages. The paper is forthcoming in Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology

This paper discusses the impact of the Jewish-Arab conflict on overt and covert layers of therapeutic encounters that take place across boundaries between the two nationalities. We refer mainly to the prevalent case of Arab patients treated by Jewish therapists. We discuss the implications of intergroup tension, cultural differences, and status disparities on the therapeutic dynamics. Our focus is on the effect of these variables on the processes of transference and counter-transference, on perceptions and interpretations of behaviors, on sources of resistance, and on the inability of therapists to take the patients’ perspective. Side by side with the psychoanalytical approach, the article utilizes various social-psychological theories, mainly social identity theory, in deriving insights regarding tensions between the interpersonal/therapeutic dimension and the intergroup dimension. Recommendations for improving therapies in the discussed case are suggested.
Category: Social Science

[70] viXra:1409.0075 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-11 11:36:06

What is a Fair Salary?

Authors: Ramzi Suleiman
Comments: 19 Pages.

Pay satisfaction and pay fairness are of vital concern to the employee, the employer, and hence the entire economic structure. Although the importance of fairness to compensation decisions is widely acknowledged, the research examining how fairness perception relates to components of pay is relatively scarce. Here I model a dyadic employer-employee interaction as a "minimal" two-person game, in which an allocator (e.g., an employer) divides a monetary amount (e.g., a workplace net profit), between herself and a recipient (e.g., an employee). Assuming rational, self-interested players, I propose a level of aspiration model, according to which players' pay satisfaction is proportional to their actual payoffs, relative to their aspired payoffs. Solving for the points of equality between the players' levels of pay satisfaction, yields two possible "harmony" points, depending on the assumption made about the recipient's aspiration. Under the assumption that recipients aspire to receive 50% of the total amount, the predicted harmony allocation is (2/3,1/3), for the allocator and recipient, respectively. On the other hand, assuming that the recipient aspires to be treated equally, i.e., to receive the same amount as the allocator, the predicted harmony allocation is (φ, 1-φ), where φ ≈ 0.62 is the famous Golden Ratio, known for its important role in human aesthetics, and in many fields of science and technology. For a dyadic employer-employee interaction, the above solution prescribes that a fair salary is any percentage of the net profit between ≈ 33% to ≈ 38%, with strong preference for the upper limit, which in addition to yielding higher pay and pay satisfaction, is also aesthetically pleasing. Tests of the proposed model using field data on attitudinal pay fairness, actual pay, and allocation behavior in experimental ultimatum bargaining, lend strong support to the validity of proposed solution.
Category: Social Science

[69] viXra:1407.0220 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-30 22:04:50

Is it Possible to Apply Richardson's Model for Solving Conflicts?

Authors: Victor Christianto
Comments: 3 Pages. This article has not been submitted to any journal. Your comments are welcome.

This article summarizes a discussion via researchgate.net. It is known that Lewis Fry Richardson has studied mathematical model for conflict resolution. For instance: http://www.math.purdue.edu/~smw/m303/resources/war.pdf My question is: Considering prolonged conflicts between Ukraine-Russia and also between Israel-Palestine, then is it possible to apply that Richardson's model to help solving those conflicts? Perhaps that model will be useful for policy makers and peaceful efforts.
Category: Social Science

[68] viXra:1407.0024 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-02 16:01:13

”The EUHeritage-Tour” - Network for European Cultural Heritage Tourism

Authors: Giuseppe Laquidara, M. Ioannides, M. Mazzi Boém, M. De Baerdemaeker, J. Portugal, E. Perez Babo, J. Santos, G. Ablasser, M. Socratous
Comments: 3 Pages.

The proponents of this paper are currently the members of the “Consortium for the European Network for Cultural Heritage Tourism”, coordin- ated by X23 Ltd., co-financed by the European Union, DG Industry&Enterprise — 44/G/ENT/PPA/12/6460. Th e initiative is achieving a considerable success, given its particular combination of cultural aspects, development of the principles of European “Unity” and “Identity”, the efficient business modelling, a strong use of local resources and capabilities, the acute “short-clustering” capabilities through areas heretofore un- correlated, the extension of a consistent Network of networks, and the use of disruptive technological innovation. The Steering Committee is com- p!osed of members of ICOMOS (prof. M. Ioannides, membership number CYP 6853).
Category: Social Science

[67] viXra:1407.0022 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-02 16:05:39

“Differences and Commonalities". the Definitive Identity of a Pan-European Cultural Touristic Project. Setting-up the Itineraries

Authors: José Portugal, Elisa Perez Babo, Giuseppe Laquidara, Marika Mazzi Boém, Margaret Colombani, Federica Marano
Comments: 21 Pages.

Our objective is to create a trans-national tourism route, linking together the different — but also — common features of UNESCO WH sites, enhancing distinctions and commonalities under the paradigm of “the beauty of multiplicity”. It is in the history and nature of Europe itself to be considered as a melting pot, and therefore a space for dialogue. We are pretty well aware of the resulting catastrophes in Europe, when people wanted to assert and enforce the opposite. European territories are based on shared cultures and common stories, but what it is becoming increasingly valuable to share is the pervasive search for intercultural relations, and to build networks based on affinities of various kinds. The Intercultural Dialogue is an ongoing challenge for all European citizens, and starts with the recognition that our well-being and wealth come from our willingness to cultural exchanges.
Category: Social Science

[66] viXra:1407.0021 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-02 16:09:09

“Differences and Commonalities" — Intrinsic Values of the Euheritage Tour Cultural Route

Authors: José Portugal, Elisa Perez Babo, Giuseppe Laquidara, Marika Mazzi Boém, Margaret Colombani, Federica Marano
Comments: 8 Pages.

An innovative idea, to be plugged in the general framework of the EUheritage Tour cultural route, could be the introduction of mechanisms for self education according to gamification criteria. Each stops along the itinerary could be considered as a mile- stone in an in-progress self-education course, linked to topics such as history, archaeology, heritage management, heritage tourism and providing a set of certification criteria.
Category: Social Science

[65] viXra:1407.0020 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-02 16:11:18

The EUHeritage TOUR — Network for European Cultural Heritage Tourism — Executive Strategic Criteria — Pt. #1

Authors: Marika Mazzi Boém, Giuseppe Laquidara, Margaret Colombani
Comments: 23 Pages.

This document represents a first syllabus, to be later on the intrinsic part of the forthcoming transnational strategy. The aim is to analyse each national conditions on cultural heritage and related tourism based on actual national studies, determining a strategic overview as to cover in a single line, executable and efficient, all the diversities of each national situation, including a SWAT analysis.
Category: Social Science

[64] viXra:1407.0019 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-02 16:14:09

The EUHeritage TOUR — Network for European Cultural Heritage Tourism — Concept Presentation

Authors: Giuseppe Laquidara, Marika Mazzi Boém, Margaret Colombani, Isabel Lopez Briones, Federica Marano
Comments: 35 Pages.

The overall objective of this project is to increase the competitiveness of European tourism by creating an innovative transnational tourism product that capitalises the shared value of European UNESCO cultural heritage sites and complements national, regional and local policies. UNESCO cultural world heritage sites provide an important narrative for historical development in Europe and they can serve as foundations for a contemporary European identity. At the same time domestic and international visits to the sites have grown rapidly over the past years representing both a challenge and opportunity. Considering that the tourism sector involves both public and private stakeholders, the European Commission’s 2010 Communication on tourism (COM (2010)352 final), its rolling implementation plan and the Agenda for a sustainable and competitive European tourism (COM (2007)621 final) underline that national, regional, local public authorities as well as public and private tourism stakeholders have to be involved in order to create a new successful framework for action. In order to be able to maintain Europe’s leadership in the world tourism, EUheritageTOUR will contribute to developing a new innovative tourism product that can compete in times of the economic crisis.
Category: Social Science

[63] viXra:1405.0301 [pdf] submitted on 2014-05-24 08:23:38

H. G. Barnett’s book, Innovation: The Basis of Cultural Change (McGraw-Hill, 1953)

Authors: Nigel B. Cook
Comments: 15 Pages.

H. G. Barnett was Professor of Anthropology at Oregon University when he issued Innovation: the Basis of Cultural Change (McGraw-Hill publishers, 1953). We review the book in great detail from the perspective of innovation in science.
Category: Social Science

[62] viXra:1405.0052 [pdf] submitted on 2014-05-07 01:22:34

A New Approach of Developing a Deconverter for Bangla Language

Authors: Aloke Kumar Saha, Muhammad F. Mridha, Kamal Kanti Biswas, Jugal Krishna Das
Comments: 8 Pages.

The Universal Networking Language (UNL) is a worldwide generalizes form human interactive in machine independent digital platform for defining, representing, storing and dissipating knowledge or information among people of different nations. The theoretical and practical research associated with these interdisciplinary endeavour facilities in a number of practical applications in most domains of human activities such as creating globalization trends of market or geopolitical independence among nations. In this paper we will discusses the interlingua approach to machine translation. Here Universal Networking Language (UNL) has been used as the intermediate representation. In this thesis work, we have dealt with the language independent deconverter for the Bangla language it takes as input a UNL (Universal Networking language) expression. The system takes a set of UNL expression as input and with the help of language independent algorithm and language dependent data generates corresponding Bangla sentence. The process of deconversion involves syntax planning and morphology phase. The syntax planning phase is aimed at generation of proper sequence of words for the target sentence.
Category: Social Science

[61] viXra:1404.0105 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-12 21:46:23

Inconsistency of Biography of Tsien Hsue-Shen

Authors: Jian-zhong Zhao
Comments: 16 Pages. Key words: Tsien Hsue-Shen, biography, inconsistency, philosophy, rocketry, Marxism, Anti-Duhring, Dialectics of Nature, Capital, puzzles

Tsien Hsue-Shen, an expert of mechanics, the “King of Rocketry ” of China, lived in US for twenty years long. Iris Chang (by a book in 1995) and Judith R. Goodstein (by a report of a conversation with Lee Alvin DuBridge in 2003) gave accounts of Tsien ’s biography. In 2013, “Exhibition of Achievements of People ’s Scientist Tsien Hsue-Shen ” toured to universities in Shanghai and Chinese cities of Beijing, Kunming, Chengdu, Wuhan, Lanzhou and Huhehaote, displaying a different version of Tsien ’s activities in US and declaring that Tsien read and studied, with great concentration, the philosophy of Marxism during his stay in US. In the present article, the Marxism reading is questioned, interpreting that Tsien ’s success stems from the technology that he learned in US rather than the philosophy of Marxism. Tsien left behind puzzles, as well as rockets, missiles and satellites, as his legacy. His legend remains mysterious and inconsistent even today.
Category: Social Science

[60] viXra:1404.0057 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-08 02:58:38

SuperNova Precession Period of Peace

Authors: Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr
Comments: 28 Pages.

The 24,925 year period beginning with the Shock Wave of the Geminga SuperNova 36,525 years ago and ending with the Vela X SuperNova 11,600 years ago corresponds roughly to one 26,000 year Earth Precession Period. No written historical record has been found for that SuperNova Precession Period during which Humans had migrated out of Africa to populate much of the Earth continuing the African IFA divination system, producing Cave Art, developing Sanskrit and the Rig Veda and the Meru Prastara, and building the Great Pyramid complex at Giza. Human Civilization during much of that SuperNova Precession Period seems to have been Peaceful, living in Harmony with Nature and with Each Other, so Manetho characterized it as the time of the Rule of Gods, Demigods and Spirits and I would call it the SuperNova Precession Period of Peace. However, after the Vela X SuperNova 11,600 years ago Human Civilization entered the Present Precession Period, Manetho’s time of the Rule of Mortal Humans characterized by (to paraphrase Terence McKenna) scarcity, preservation of privilege, and ever-more-sophisticated use of technology and ideology to control people. This paper is an attempt to describe the SuperNova Precession Period of Peace and to explore possible future paths of the Present Precession Period, including possible Global Nuclear War and possible Global Reconciliation and Peace. SuperNova Precession Period of Peace ... pages 2-10, IFA ... page 4, Rig Veda ... page 4, Cave Art ... page 6, Meru Prastara ... page 7, Great Pyramid ... page 9, Present Precession Period ... pages 11-12, Appendix I: Lullian Art ... pages 13-19, Appendix II: Gods, Demigods, Spirits ... pages 20-28.
Category: Social Science

[59] viXra:1403.0273 [pdf] submitted on 2014-03-16 20:23:48

Four Years and 2500 Sakai Portfolios

Authors: S. J. Nettleton
Comments: 15 Pages. A presentation at auSakai 2010.

Four years experience in the use of Type 3 student eportfolios for assessment in undergraduate and postgraduate courses.
Category: Social Science

[58] viXra:1403.0035 [pdf] submitted on 2014-03-06 06:29:46

Deep State USA/UK

Authors: Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr
Comments: 5 Pages.

What is the Deep State of the USA/UK and how will it deal with a Hedge Fund Casino Financial Crisis on the scale of Hundreds of Trillions of Dollars ?
Category: Social Science

[57] viXra:1402.0163 [pdf] submitted on 2014-02-26 23:29:07

How Should Humanity Steer the Future? an Interview with Einstein in Heaven

Authors: Vladimir F. Tamari
Comments: 9 Pages. Fun easy read about a serious subject, with 2 colorful illustrations by the author.

How Should Humanity Steer the Future? An interview with Einstein in Heaven. (Originally submitted to the FQXI 2014 Essay Contest which asked the question in the essay's title.)
Category: Social Science

[56] viXra:1401.0114 [pdf] submitted on 2014-01-16 10:24:35

Mormon Mafia & the JFK Assassination

Authors: John F. Sweeney
Comments: 44 Pages. 3 photos

The Mormon Mafia and Howard Hughes conspired to kill president John F. Kennedy in November 1963. Hughes reaped billions by doing secret business with the CIA, and Bennett served as the go – between for such deals. Hughes leased a Bahaman island to train Kennedy's CIA assassins, and Bennett provided instructions to some of the teams which appeared on Dealey Plaza. Bennett later hired E. Howard Hunt to work at his public relations firm at the time of the Watergate Scandal, and rumor has it that Bennett was the real “Deep Throat” of the Watergate Scandal, which was actually about Richard M. Nixon's participation in the Kennedy Assassination.
Category: Social Science

[55] viXra:1309.0188 [pdf] submitted on 2013-09-28 19:21:08

Memoirs of Soviet Political Prisoner

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 62 Pages.

A. Bolonkin was born in (Russia). When he was young, he had National and World records in aviation modelling and was awarded with gold and silver medals. He graduated with awards from Aviation Collage, Faculty of Aviation Engines, (B.S.)(USSR); Kazan Aviation Institute, Faculty of Aircraft Design, (M.S.); Kiev University, Faculty of Mathematics, (M.S.); Moscow Aviation Institute, Rocket Department, dissertation "Optimal Trajectories of Multistate Rockets" (Ph.D., Dr.Sci.); Leningrad Politechnic University, Aerospace Enginering Department, dissertation "New Methods of Optimization and their Applications" (Post-Doctoral Degree in the former USSR). He worked in Soviet aviation, rocket and Space industries and lectured in main Soviet University about 15 years. In particularty, in Kiev Aircraft State Design Bureau headed by O. Antonov, Bolonkin took part in design of aircraft AN-8 through AN-225 (Enginer-Senior Engineer-Chairman of Department); in Rocket engine Construction Bureau headed by Academician V.P.Glushko, Bolonkin was Chairman of Reliability Department and took part in design of rocket engines for main strategic rockets of the USSR; in TsAGI (central Aero-Hydrodynamic Research Institute) A. Bolonkin was a scientific researcher. He lectured as a professor and worked as a Project Director in Moscow Aviation Institute, Moscow Aviation Technological Institute, Bauman Highest Technical University, Technological Institute, He contacted with Construction Bureaus of Tupolev, Yakovlev, Mikoyan, Ilushin, Sykhoy, with all main aviation, rocket and space research and design Centers of the USSR. He had many awards in the Soviet Union. In 1972 professor Bolonkin was arrested the Soviet Secret Police (KGB) because he read forbidden political literature about freedom and democracy and listen in "Voice of America". More 15 years KGB tortures him into special prisons, concentration camps, and exile in Siberia. This period his life is described in this book. In 1988, Alexander Bolonkin arrived as a political refuge in the USA and became American citizen in 1994. He worked as a mathematician in Sherson Lehman Hutton (American Express), N.Y., (Research, computation, programming, Optimal portfolio of securities), a Senior Researcher in Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences of New York University; two years as a Senior Research Associate in Wright Laboratory, Flight Dynamic Directorate (Dayton, Ohio), (it is the main Laboratory of the USA Air Force with over 20,000 scientists); as a professor in New Jersey Institute of Technology, Computer and Information Department. He worked as an expert of Association Engineers and Scientists in N.Y.C. (Estimation of new ideas, projects, patents. Consulting). He worked two years as a Senior Research Associate in the NASA (Dryden Flight Research Center) in California, Edwards and two years as Senior Researcher in Eglin USA Air Force Base (Florida). Now Dr. Bolonkin lectures in New Jersey Institute of Technology. For last four years alone, A. Bolonkin published more 35 scientific articles and books in the USA and a lot of articles in Russia-American press about scientific problems. He took part in three World Space Congress (1992, 1994, 1996), in World Aviation Congress (Los-Angeles, 1998, 1999) and more tens National Scientific Conferences in the USA. In particularly, he published monograph "Development of Soviet pocket engines for Strategic Missiles", Delphic Ass., USA, 1991, 133 p., and large Chapter "Aviation, motor, and Space Designs" in book "Development Technology in the Soviet Union", pp.32-80, Delphic Ass., USA, 1990; book “Non-Rocket Space Launch and Flight”, by A. Bolonkin, Elsevier, 2006, 488 ps.; chapters: Space Towers, Cable Anti-Gravitator, Electrostatic Levitation and Artificial Gravity in collection “Macro Engineering: A Challenge for the Future”, edited by V. Badesky, R.B. Cathcart and R.D. Schuilling, Springer, 2006; book “New Concepts, Ideas, Innovations in Aerospace and Technology”, by A. Bolonkin, Nova, 2007; book "Human Immortality and Electronic Civilization", Lulu, 3-rd Edition, “Macro-Projects: Environment and Technologies”, NOVA, 2008 and others. Alexander Bolonkin is the author of more 170 scientific articles and books and 17 inventions. B. Kruglyak, Ph.D.
Category: Social Science

[54] viXra:1309.0126 [pdf] submitted on 2013-09-17 14:00:47

ThePrimate® HPW and NNs Ecosystem Based on DDC+ Classification Oriented to Singularities' Peculiarities

Authors: Giuseppe Laquidara, Marika Mazzi Boém
Comments: 9 Pages.

ThePrimate® is an HPW [High Power Web] platform which allows dynamic classification of digital resources from european databases - including those coming from Europeana - the easy retrieval of data, reuse of items and methods based on enhanced tools, a deeper layer of attached information. The platform is strictly connected to Filamento®, an original IoT [Internet of Things] framework, determining a lattice of precisely identifiable talking objects in the real environment, related as digital items in a Network of networks (NNs). The structure of graph is founded on the keys of “affinity” and “proximity”, it is modifiable according to singular needs and reusable to many different issues. The circulation of resources among the users is reinforced by an original economic paradigm based on a virtual currency, determining self- sustaining.
Category: Social Science

[53] viXra:1309.0124 [pdf] submitted on 2013-09-17 14:06:36

Initial Study for an Urban Agriculture Installation, Modeled on the "Vertical Farm" Typology, Surrounded by Horizontal not Extensive Agricultural Lands

Authors: Giuseppe Laquidara, Marika Mazzi Boém
Comments: 9 Pages.

Tillage is an urban district plantation located inside the city for growing high-quality fruits and vegetables through the use of modern technology (hydroponics, aeroponic, aquaponic, using LED or infrared lamps). Tillage is not a traditional agricultural plantation placed on the outskirts of the city or in the countryside: in TillAge®, the process of cultivation takes place according to the model of the so-called "vertical farm", ie. takes place according to the model of the so-called "vertical farm", ie. using/building structures traditionally used for residential, commercial or business scopes. Depending on the case uses, TillAge® modules (TillA-Module®) can be placed on the roofs of buildings, such as shopping centers or supermarkets. A TillAge® plantation can be realized in ad hoc "buildings" (plant- scrapers), or through the recovery of abandoned buildings TillAge® is the concrete and responsible solution to a dangerously growing trend: the inability, in the short term, to supply of food and water the entire world population.
Category: Social Science

[52] viXra:1309.0122 [pdf] submitted on 2013-09-17 14:11:20

Aurosphere Number ZerØ, a Theoretical Semi-Serious Approach to a Socio-Political Constitution of a New "Community", Increased with Genetic Principles of Systematic Ethics

Authors: Giuseppe Laquidara, Jovenal J.
Comments: 6 Pages.

[DRAFT #Ø]. The present theoretical discussion for the establishment of a so called "New Community in a New Town” was architectural prototyped on the political writings published between 24~25 May and 13 June 20051. Among the others, bio-ethical principles are used. They transfer the typical elements of biological ecosystems, the exaptation phenomena, and biological-genetic evolutionary mechanisms and strategies, to the scope of new social networks and human organizations. In today’s review, the original expression of "Communism" has been replaced by the new word "Community”. Although the new "Community" concept yet includes the principle of fairness, this theoretical paper sets out only general rules and laws, without identifying practical requirements, to be dealt with in a separate document.
Category: Social Science

[51] viXra:1309.0121 [pdf] submitted on 2013-09-17 14:14:44

Æurosphere Ecological. How Science of Networks, Information Dynamics and Connectivism Could Help Politics to be More Inclusive, Transparent, Equitable for People, Incorporating Culture and Different Disciplines in the Progressive Stages of Decision Making

Authors: Giuseppe Laquidara, Marika Mazzi Boém, Jovenal J.
Comments: 29 Pages.

A partire dai nostri studi denominati “ThePrimate® - HPW and NNs Ecosystem based on DDC+ classi- fication oriented to singularities” [DOI.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.689881, (2012)], e “An approach to Filamento” [DOI.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.714984, (2012)], e da “Æurosphere number zerØ” [J. Jove- nal, DOI.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.722894, (2005, r.2013)], siamo pervenuti ad un progetto eseguibile per l’adempimento del modello originale della Æurosphere (2005), denominato Æurosphere Ecological, una struttura partecipativa complessa, altamente accessibile, inserita nel tessuto della società civile per raccoglierne le istanze sulla base dei criteri del cd. connectivism, praticabile in tempi rapidi e a costi contenuti, capace di ridurre il distacco tra le organizzazioni governative, politiche ed istituzionali ed i cittadini, ed in grado di aumentare esponenzialmente e in modo variabile/dinamico il reperimento di istanze cd. “marginali” o “invisibili”. Tali istanze [bisogni, necessità, proposte, petizioni, recall, etx.] vengono fatte emergere accrescendone il grado fattoriale di moltiplicazione e adesione da parte di una massa critica di individui e organizzazioni. Il sistema Æurosphere Ecological garantisce un elevato tasso creativo da parte dei membri di una cosiddetta e.democracy, attraverso l’invito alla creazione di modelli- soluzioni originali, immediatamente applicabili alle politiche e alle attività legislative dei governi e dei partiti politici, secondo processi di modeling e analisi quantitativa che rendono le proposte e le leggi che ne scaturiscono altamente leggibili, comprensibili, quantificabili anche in termini comparativi tra distret- ti geografici e geopolitici distanti, e su periodicità long-run.
Category: Social Science

[50] viXra:1309.0098 [pdf] submitted on 2013-09-15 14:26:20

Perception Features of TV Advertising

Authors: Rushchak Ekaterina
Comments: 2 Pages. The article published in PsyNews magazine of Saint Petersburg State University

This article shows differet aspects about perception TV advs between men and women in age since 18 till 25.
Category: Social Science

[49] viXra:1308.0097 [pdf] submitted on 2013-08-19 08:45:37

Against All Odds: Post World War II Liberal Arts in Germany and Its Comparison in Indonesia

Authors: Arli Aditya Parikesit
Comments: 4 Pages. 'LPM Edukasi' humanistic journal of pedagogic faculty of Wali Songo Islamic State Institute, Semarang, Indonesia

Liberal-arts is very important for giving studium generale towards every students from different background. This paper is elaborating comparison between German and Indonesian teaching on liberal-arts. The essential pillars of German liberal-arts are humanism, ethics, and holocaust commemoration. It should be keep in mind, that nurturing pattern between Germany and Indonesia are very different, because it has a different cultural background. Applying German liberal-arts into our curriculum definitely need a comprehension toward our own culture.
Category: Social Science

[48] viXra:1306.0159 [pdf] submitted on 2013-06-18 21:14:58

Evolutionary Thinking and Changes of the Time Scale in Representations of the World

Authors: Mark Burgin
Comments: 29 Pages.

In this work, emergence of evolutionary thinking is analyzed in the context of the existential triad and system theory of time. This approach shows that emergence of evolutionary thinking is a transition from one type of temporal scale in the mental world representation to another temporal scale. To explain and ground this transition, elements of the system theory of time, which is a far-reaching development of the special relativity theory, are described. One of the main principles of the special relativity theory is that two physical systems that are moving relative to each other have different time and it is necessary to use a correspondence between clocks in these systems to coordinate their time. In accordance with the basic principles of the system theory of time, each system has its own time and sometimes even not a single one. Thus, it is it is necessary to use various techniques to match time in different systems.
Category: Social Science

[47] viXra:1305.0199 [pdf] submitted on 2013-05-30 20:22:39

Safety Management Systems in Aviation Maintenance (Descriptive Statistics)

Authors: Jose D Perezgonzalez
Comments: 4 pages, Journal of Knowledge Advancement & Integration (ISSN 1177-4576), Wiki of Science, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License

McDonald et al analyzed the safety management systems of four aircraft maintenance organizations (AMOs) in 1997. This article presents newly re-worked descriptive results about that research.
Category: Social Science

[46] viXra:1305.0192 [pdf] submitted on 2013-05-30 10:03:03

Freud's Mother and Father Complex Confirmed

Authors: John Frederick Sweeney
Comments: 4 Pages.

Sigmund Freud devised his theories about the Mother and Father Complex after reading Oedipus Rex, a Greek tragedy of which at least two versions have come down to us. Chinese metaphysics posits eight trigrams, the first, Qian, represents the father archetype, the second, Kun, represents the mother concept. In the ancient Chinese form of divination known as Qi Men Dun Jia, the Mother and Father Complexes appear in the form of "diseased" symbols for Qian and Kun, and may indicate overly powerful libido, if not bisexuality or homosexuality. In this way, the ancient Chinese concept provides a mathematical basis for a putative Greek concept that probably originated in extremely ancient Egypt, to affirm the correctness of Freud's theory.
Category: Social Science

[45] viXra:1304.0134 [pdf] submitted on 2013-04-24 11:00:38

A Complete Guide to Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

Authors: Andrew Nassif
Comments: 2 Pages.

According to Dr.Abraham Maslow, all humans have certain needs. He demonstrates this in a pyramid that represents the most needed needs on the bottom and the least needed needs on the top. In my opinion an person would have needs in this same order. However, some people have different needs or different order. For example, if you were to put my needs from least to greatest. My least need would be belonging needs, my next least needs would be Self-actualization, my third least need would be Esteem Needs, and my fourth least needs would be safety needs, then my most needed needs would be physical needs because my body needs to maintain a certain homeostasis in order to survive.
Category: Social Science

[44] viXra:1304.0038 [pdf] submitted on 2013-04-08 10:46:05

Economics as a Social Science

Authors: Andrew Nassif
Comments: 2 Pages.

Economics is a social science in which you analyze the growing globalization and product marketing that leads to profit in the economy. Economics helps provide insight on things such as profit margins and risk factors when investing in a product.
Category: Social Science

[43] viXra:1303.0223 [pdf] submitted on 2013-03-31 23:27:08

Problems with the "Oil Curse" Hypothesis and Its Generalization

Authors: Sierra Rayne, Kaya Forest
Comments: 11 Pages.

The concept of an "oil curse" has been widely debated in the literature. Two clear camps have emerged: (1) those that favor the basic hypothesis or a modified version thereof, and (2) those that find little generalizable empirical evidence for the negative impacts of oil and gas development on the political, socio-economic, and/or environmental trajectories of oil and gas producing nations relative to their non-oil and gas producing counterparts. Overall, we find no significant evidence to support a generalizable concept of an oil curse. In general, our results do not seek to dismiss concerns regarding the potential impacts of oil and gas development on some regions, but rather to illustrate that any such impacts do not appear to be universal in either their direction or magnitude. Similar to what other groups have found, we see evidence that - in some cases - increased oil and gas development appears to correlate with improved socio-economic indicators. In other cases, the evidence is ambiguous at best in light of the large numbers of confounding variables that are effectively impossible to rigorously account for in order to obtain clear and unequivocal negative causal mechanisms between oil and gas development and the status of a society.
Category: Social Science

[42] viXra:1303.0213 [pdf] submitted on 2013-03-29 10:42:24

Fuzzy Analysis of School Dropouts and Their Life After

Authors: W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy, Florentin Smarandache, K. Amal, K. Kandasamy
Comments: 146 Pages.

School dropouts in Indian scenario is ever increasing among the rural poor. It is due to poverty and lack of steady income. We analyzed the problem using newly constructed fuzzy models.
Category: Social Science

[41] viXra:1303.0197 [pdf] submitted on 2013-03-26 05:09:09

A Pragmatic Approach Towards Sociology.

Authors: Johan Noldus
Comments: 6 Pages.

The aim of this paper is to propose guidelines to construct workable and calculable models of society in which essential features are disentangled from gratuite desires emanating from the personal morality of its author. This is not to say that the model at hand should not contain a moral aspect, but that the specific form of the latter is a necessary byproduct bounded in time.
Category: Social Science

[40] viXra:1303.0186 [pdf] submitted on 2013-03-24 22:59:30

The Non-Generalizability of The First Law of Petropolitics

Authors: Sierra Rayne, Kaya Forest
Comments: 16 Pages.

In 2006, Friedman wrote an influential and widely cited article in Foreign Policy magazine [May/June (2006) 28-36] stating The First Law of Petropolitics. This law held that the quality of governance in oil-rich petrolist states is inversely correlated with a causative relationship from increasing oil prices. In contrast, we find no generally consistent governance patterns among oil-rich petrolist states related to the price of oil that support any claims for a First Law of Petropolitics.
Category: Social Science

[39] viXra:1302.0075 [pdf] submitted on 2013-02-12 09:50:21

Logos, Pathos, and Ethos

Authors: Andrew Nassif
Comments: 7 Pages. small presentation

World play is often a method of constrained writing. It can be used in rhetoric or often sarcastic remarks that can toil with one's emotions and change the method of persuasion. This paper explains the facts and methods of persuasion through an ethical standard.
Category: Social Science

[38] viXra:1302.0041 [pdf] submitted on 2013-02-06 20:32:37

Essay Trilogy (1)

Authors: Cheng Tianren
Comments: 3 Pages.

自从工业革命以后,西方的科技有了长足的进步。反观中国,当时清朝的皇帝们还沉醉在天朝的美梦之中。不知不觉的,已经落后了很多。最后,不得不做了别人的奴才。主子才有的好东西,奴才自然不敢奢望。比如汽车,好吧,这东西可是让世界的交通方式发生了革命性变化。这汽车中国是一时半载造不出来了,可日子还得过啊。而且,皇帝们好面子,依旧开着落后的马车,车上挂着象征权利的八旗,到处耀武扬威的。
Category: Social Science

[37] viXra:1302.0040 [pdf] submitted on 2013-02-06 20:33:39

Essay Trilogy (2)

Authors: Cheng Tianren
Comments: 2 Pages.

几年前,金融海啸发生的时候,外国银行纷纷向中国借钱。这时候,很多中国人心中窃喜:西方国家向来不缺钱用。你看看他们街上的行人就知道了。他们的体格远远比我们街上的人要庞大得多。那是因为吃得好,生活质量高吧?但是,体型庞大并不代表存款就同样的多。恰恰相反,庞大的体格需要庞大的消费。体格越大,消费越高,钱不知不觉中都转化为身上的那些多余无用的肥肉去了。
Category: Social Science

[36] viXra:1302.0038 [pdf] submitted on 2013-02-06 20:34:39

Essay Trilogy (3)

Authors: Cheng Tianren
Comments: 2 Pages.

昨天下午,院子里有几个小朋友聚在一起玩耍。一开始,他们还玩得挺高兴的,突然间,就为了一件小事打了起来。到最后,几个小孩子打得鼻青脸肿,都不约而同地喊起了爸爸妈妈的名字。听到他们的哭喊声,我心头一惊。
Category: Social Science

[35] viXra:1301.0196 [pdf] submitted on 2013-01-31 10:16:28

The Definitions of Peer-Review and Refereed Journal

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

Scientific definitions for peer-review and refereed journal are given so that the reader can clarify the real meaning of these terms and their real purposes.
Category: Social Science

[34] viXra:1301.0068 [pdf] submitted on 2013-01-12 15:15:01

Low Post-Secondary Tuitions in Canada Are not a Wealth Transfer from the Poor to the Rich

Authors: Sierra Rayne, Kaya Forest
Comments: 3 Pages.

Between 2007/2008 and 2012/2013, inflation adjusted undergraduate tuition fees for full-time Canadian students increased significantly in all disciplines. All disciplines except dentistry also exhibited substantial increases in inflation adjusted graduate tuition fees for full-time Canadian students over this period. In contrast to prior claims in the literature, we show that low tuition rates in the Canadian post-secondary system do not redistribute wealth from the poor to the rich. For each dollar of taxpayer derived financial support going into the Canadian college and university system, the wealthiest families paid almost the entire amount. Consequently, it appears that regardless of current or proposed tuition rates, the Canadian post-secondary system is a wealth transfer from the rich to the poor.
Category: Social Science

[33] viXra:1301.0029 [pdf] submitted on 2013-01-05 19:49:08

Shifting the Balance of Global Economic Power: the Sinosphere in Ascension Towards Dominance

Authors: Sierra Rayne, Kaya Forest
Comments: 8 Pages.

The Sinosphere is in ascension towards global economic dominance on both total and per capita bases, marking a fundamental shift in the balance of global economic and military power that is taking place absent any robust structural democratic and human rights reforms in this region. In contrast to comparisons during the 1980s of Japan potentially overtaking the United States as the world's largest economy, both purchasing power parity (PPP) and current United States dollar GDP metrics consistently project that China's gross domestic product (GDP) will exceed that of the United States sometime between 2015 and 2020. The Sinosphere's GDP-PPP passed that of The Commonwealth (including India) in 2011, The Commonwealth (excluding India) in 2005, the Francosphere member states in 2003, the Francosphere member and observer states in 2009 - subsequently widening the gap in all cases - and is predicted to surpass that of the Anglosphere by the early 2020s. China's military spending now exceeds that of all other nations bordering the East and South China Seas combined and the gap is widening rapidly. At current rates of increase, China's military expenditures may surpass those of the United States within the next decade. On a per capita basis, China's GDP-PPP is expected to overtake that of the United States and Canada by the early to mid-2030s, whereas Russia and the EU are projected to be surpassed by China in per capita GDP-PPP by the late 2020s.
Category: Social Science

[32] viXra:1212.0078 [pdf] submitted on 2012-12-11 15:26:26

Ergonomization Needs in General Aviation (Introduction)

Authors: Jose D Perezgonzalez, Kam HP Yiu
Comments: 3 pages, Journal of Knowledge Advancement & Integration (ISSN 1177-4576), Wiki of Science, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License

Perezgonzalez, Gilbey & Diaz Vilela (2010) examined the need for new technologies by single pilot operators in the general aviation industry on a global scale. This was achieved by using an online survey requesting participants to rank the importance of various flight management features. These were 22 technological features in total, grouped into five distinctive categories. Overall, results showed that cost factors were regarded as the most important feature by the group of general aviation pilots, followed by flight support. The results also indicated that instructors valued new flight technologies the most, while female pilots were less concerned with new flight technologies.
Category: Social Science

[31] viXra:1211.0123 [pdf] submitted on 2012-11-20 22:00:56

Prediction of Skytrax Airline Rankings, Short Formula (2011) (2e)

Authors: Jose D Perezgonzalez
Comments: 10 pages, Journal of Knowledge Advancement & Integration (ISSN 1177-4576), Wiki of Science, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License

Perezgonzalez continued a previous study by Perezgonzalez and Gilbey (2010), attempting to predict Skytrax's 2011 Official World Airline Star rankings from average ratings that passengers had given to those airlines, independently, on Skytrax's website. The regression formula was based on a single variable, the average 'Customer review scoring', which is a cumulative average of past ratings, including those given during 2011.
Category: Social Science

[30] viXra:1211.0114 [pdf] submitted on 2012-11-19 14:47:16

Prediction of Skytrax Airport Rankings, Short Formula (2011) (2e)

Authors: Jose D Perezgonzalez
Comments: 5 pages, Journal of Knowledge Advancement & Integration (ISSN 1177-4576), Wiki of Science, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License

Perezgonzalez continued a previous study by Perezgonzalez and Gilbey (2010), attempting to predict Skytrax's 2011 Official World Airport Star rankings from average ratings that passengers had given to those airports, independently, on Skytrax's website. The regression formula was based on a single variable, the average 'Customer review scoring', which is a cumulative average of past ratings, including those given during 2011.
Category: Social Science

[29] viXra:1211.0107 [pdf] submitted on 2012-11-18 17:24:14

Misinterpretation of 'p' (2000) (2e)

Authors: Jose D Perezgonzalez [ed]
Comments: 3 pages, Journal of Knowledge Advancement & Integration (ISSN 1177-4576), Wiki of Science, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License

Haller and Krauss (2000) carried out a study on common misinterpretations of tests of significance among German psychology students and academics, which partly replicates one done by Oakes (19863). Haller and Krauss found that most participants held at least one misinterpretation out of six presented. They also found that, overall, 100% of psychology students held one or more misinterpretations (mean=2.5), almost 90% of psychology researchers also held one or more misinterpretations (mean=2), and 80% of instructors of statistics in psychology also held one or more misinterpretations (mean=1.9). The authors thought worrisome the high percentage of instructors with misinterpretations, as these may pass those misinterpretations down to students. Another interesting result, one not highlighted by the authors, though, is the high percentage of researchers (including instructors when carrying out and publishing research) with misinterpretations, as these would perpetuate those when publishing, peer-reviewing others' publications, and making research-informed decisions (such as chairing committees, granting funding, etc).
Category: Social Science

[28] viXra:1211.0091 [pdf] submitted on 2012-11-15 21:37:28

Misinterpretation of 'p' (1995) (2e)

Authors: Jose D Perezgonzalez [ed]
Comments: 2 pages, Journal of Knowledge Advancement & Integration (ISSN 1177-4576), Wiki of Science, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License

Falk and Greenbaum (1995) carried out a study on common misinterpretations of the logic of tests of significance among Israeli psychology students, which partly replicates one by Oakes (1986). Typically, most of these misinterpretations confuse p-values (ie, the probability of the data when assuming that the null hypothesis is true) and, especially, statistical significance, with the probability of proving or disproving hypotheses (be this the null hypothesis or an alternative hypothesis). Falk and Greenbaum found that almost 87% of the students held at least one misinterpretation out of the four presented. Most of the students misinterpreted p-values as the probability of the null hypothesis being true.
Category: Social Science

[27] viXra:1211.0087 [pdf] submitted on 2012-11-14 18:56:30

Misinterpretation of 'p' (1986) (2e)

Authors: Jose D Perezgonzalez [ed]
Comments: 4 pages, Journal of Knowledge Advancement & Integration (ISSN 1177-4576), Wiki of Science, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License

Oakes (1986) carried out a study on common misinterpretations of the logic of tests of significance among British psychology academics. Typically, most of these misinterpretations confuse p-values (ie, the probability of the data when assuming that the null hypothesis is true) and, especially, statistical significance, with the probability of proving or disproving hypotheses (be this the null hypothesis or an alternative hypothesis). Another misinterpretation is the so-called "replication fallacy", which occurs when the p-value is assumed to represent the probability of finding similar results if the research were to be repeated.
Category: Social Science

[26] viXra:1211.0061 [pdf] submitted on 2012-11-11 16:29:35

Prediction of Skytrax Airline Rankings, Short Formula (2e)

Authors: Jose D Perezgonzalez
Comments: 6 pages, Journal of Knowledge Advancement & Integration (ISSN 1177-4576), Wiki of Science, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License

Perezgonzalez and Gilbey (2010) obtained a regression formula for predicting Skytrax's 2010 airline rankings from customer reviews. The research behind the study attempted to predict Skytrax Global Airline Ranking from average ratings that passengers had given to those airlines, independently, on Skytrax's website. The regression formula was based on a single variable (the average 'Customer review scoring').
Category: Social Science

[25] viXra:1211.0045 [pdf] submitted on 2012-11-08 21:44:55

Prediction of Skytrax Airport Rankings, Short Formula (2e)

Authors: Jose D Perezgonzalez
Comments: 3 pages, Journal of Knowledge Advancement & Integration (ISSN 1177-4576), Wiki of Science, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License

Perezgonzalez & Gilbey (2010a) obtained a regression formula for predicting Skytrax's 2010 airport rankings from customer reviews. The research behind the study attempted to predict Skytrax's Official World Airport Star rankings from average ratings that passengers had given to those airports, independently, on Skytrax's website. The regression formula was based on a single variable (the average 'Customer review scoring'), which is a simpler formula to calculate.
Category: Social Science

[24] viXra:1210.0089 [pdf] submitted on 2012-10-17 10:26:56

Extension Communication for Solving the Ontological Contradiction Between Communication and Information

Authors: Florentin Smarandache, Stefan Vladutescu
Comments: 14 Pages.

The study lies in the interdisciplinary area between the information theory and extenics, as the science of solving the contradictions. This space addresses the central issue of the ontology information, the contradictory relationship between communication and information. The research core is the reality that the scientific research of communication-information relationship has reached a dead end. The bivalent relationship communication-information, informationcommunication has come to be contradictory, and the two concepts to block each other. With the Extenics as a science of solving the conflicting issues, "extenics procedures" will be used to solve the contradiction.
Category: Social Science

[23] viXra:1206.0045 [pdf] submitted on 2012-06-11 22:58:31

Aventuri Chineze (Fotojurnal Instantaneu)

Authors: Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 93 Pages.

„Aventuri chineze” este o carte despre o conferinţă ştiinţifică din Taiwan (în oraşul sudic Kaohsiung), între 4-11 noiembrie 2011, plus un tur ştiintific desfăşurat în perioada 11 decembrie 2011 – 6 ianuarie 2012 în patru oraşe din China: Beijing, Xi’an, Shanghai, şi Hangzhou. Stilul lapidar, fotografic (la propriu şi la figurat) din celelalte jurnale şi memorii turistice se menţine.
Category: Social Science

[22] viXra:1206.0040 [pdf] submitted on 2012-06-09 04:43:27

Frate cu Meridianele si Paralelele (Note de Calatorii), Vol. I

Authors: Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 167 Pages.

Author’s traveling memories to various international scientific conferences.
Category: Social Science

[21] viXra:1206.0039 [pdf] submitted on 2012-06-09 04:45:30

Frate cu Meridianele si Paralelele (Vol. II) [brother of Meridians and Parallels, Vol. Ii]

Authors: Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 170 Pages.

Author's tourist traveling and attendance of various scientific international conferences and seminars as invited speaker: at University of Berkeley, University of Texas at Austin, Pima Community College, NASA Langley Research Center, Fusion international conferences, etc.
Category: Social Science

[20] viXra:1206.0038 [pdf] submitted on 2012-06-09 04:47:10

Frate cu Meridianele si Paralelele (Vol. III) [brother of Meridians and Parallels, Vol. Iii]

Authors: Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 190 Pages.

Author's attendance of various scientific international conferences and seminars as invited speaker: at NATO Advance Study Institute in Albena (Bulgaria), Fusion 2005 International Conference in Philadelphia (USA), Marcus Evans European Conference on Sensors’ Fusion in Barcelona (Spain), and tourist visiting and documenting about Aztec and Maya pyramids near Ciudad de Mexico and Yucatan Peninsula.
Category: Social Science

[19] viXra:1206.0037 [pdf] submitted on 2012-06-09 04:49:54

Frate cu Meridianele si Paralelele [brother with the Meridians and the Parallels], Vol. 4

Authors: Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 260 Pages.

Traveling memories and author’s participation to some international conferences of applied mathematics to USA, Brazil, Italy, Greece, Peru, Bolivia.
Category: Social Science

[18] viXra:1206.0035 [pdf] submitted on 2012-06-09 05:03:12

Frate cu Meridianele şi Paralelele [brother with the Meridians and Parallels], Vol. 6

Authors: Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 221 Pages.

This volume, in a series of six volumes, includes author’s traveling memories from various international conferences of applied mathematics where he presented papers or from many institutions where he was invited speaker about his scientific research, such as the Air Force Institute of Technology in Dayton (Ohio), Air Force Research Lab in Rome – New York State, Paris (COGIS International Conference, 2009), as well as cultural visits to Stanwix Fort, Niagara Falls, Alaska, Yellowstone, New Mexico, his native town Bălceşti (Romania), and Jamaica.
Category: Social Science

[17] viXra:1206.0034 [pdf] submitted on 2012-06-09 05:05:45

Mama Vitrega Rusia [step Mother Russia]

Authors: Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 124 Pages.

This is a memory book by the author who was as invited speaker at Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Biophysics from Pushchino near Moscow, where he talked about neutrosophic logic/set/probability (which are generalizations of fuzzy logic/set and respectively imprecise probability) and their applications. He met many Russian scientists such as Dmitri Rabounski, Larissa Borissova, Boris Levin, Victor Pantcheliouga, Simon Shnoll, Valeri Kolombet, Tatiana Zencenko, Victor Morozov, etc. and doctoral students. Besides his scientific activity the author visited and wrote about Russian museums, culture, history and politics, palaces and exhibitions of arts in Moscow and Sankt Petersburg.
Category: Social Science

[16] viXra:1206.0033 [pdf] submitted on 2012-06-09 05:08:32

Exotica si Cutremuratoarea Indonezie [exotic and Trembling Indonesia]

Authors: Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 122 Pages.

The author describes his traveling to Indonesia as invited speaker at STIKI University in Malang and at Kristen Satya Wacana University in Salatiga on Neutrosophic Logic/Set (generalizations of fuzzy logic and respectively fuzzy set) and their applications to finance, business, situation analysis, economics, and also on Dezert-Smarandache Theory applied to medicine, military, robotics. The book contains photos and descriptions of museums, churches, Hindu and Buddhist temples, mosques and cathedrals that the author visited.
Category: Social Science

[15] viXra:1206.0032 [pdf] submitted on 2012-06-09 05:12:15

India Magica [Magic India]

Authors: Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 89 Pages.

This book describes author's travel to India at Jadavpur University in Kolkata as invited speaker on neutrosophic logic/set (generalizations of fuzzy logic and respectively fuzzy set) and their applications to finance, business, situation analysis, economics. Also the book contains descriptions of museums, Hindu and Sikh temples, mosques, cathedrals, meetings with Indian University Professors and researchers in Delhi, Agra and Kolkata.
Category: Social Science

[14] viXra:1206.0031 [pdf] submitted on 2012-06-09 05:23:03

Belfer in Africa (Jurnal Marocan) [professor in Africa (Moroccan Journal)]

Authors: Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 94 Pages.

Author’s experience as professor of mathematics, teaching in French language, at the Sidi El Hassan Lyoussi College in Sefrou, Morocco, between 1982-1984. His traveling around and relationships with other professors from various nationalities, together with his involvement in training and selecting the Moroccan student team for the 1983 International Olympiad of Mathematics held in Paris, France.
Category: Social Science

[13] viXra:1206.0029 [pdf] submitted on 2012-06-08 06:03:52

Pura Vida (Fotojurnal Instantaneu)

Authors: Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 102 Pages.

De ce fotojurnal? Fiindcă suprafaţa pozelor se-ntinde aproape la jumătate sau mai mult din întreg volumul! Răsfoitorii acestei cărţi măcar vor privi ilustraţiile colorate din CentroAmerica, iar pe lȃngă imagini vor citi cel puţin cȃteva rȃnduri edificatoare... Fiindcă nimeni astăzi nu mai are timp! De ce instantaneu? Pentru că jurnalul e scris la primă mȃnă, pe locul vizitat, cu idei scurte ca nişte blitz-uri, cu economie de cuvinte – în această lume în care vremea trece rapid. Memorialistică fără retuşări. Viaţă brută. Fraze scurte şi simple, fără multe verbe… Vizitez din mers... Fotografiez din mers... Mănânc din mers... Trăiesc din mers... Grăbit, instantaneu, mereu nemulţumit, mereu căutând... Pura Vida (am întȃlnit şi sintagma Vida Pura) înseamnă viaţă pură în societătile hispanice, iar iar popular expresia semnifică: ‚traiul foarte bun’.
Category: Social Science

[12] viXra:1111.0008 [pdf] submitted on 2 Nov 2011

Is the Self-Destruction of Mankind Inevitable?

Authors: Mark Sverdlov
Comments: 6 Pages.

It has been shown that men cannot objectively percept and cognize the world but are organically connected with it, feel its total unity. This unity includes living - unloving synthesis. Mankind - world uncorrelation during civilization epoch prevents from feeling this and from forming of common human unity, leading to confrontation between peoples, to destruction of nature. Escalation of these processes led mankind to the verge of self-destruction. Science is directed to objective cognizing of the world which is inaccessible for men because of subjectivity of their perception and thinking. That is why science cannot help to understand the present situation. New science is necessary, taking into account the nature of human perception and thinking. It is shown that men can restore their natural feeling of the world and form united mankind, organically connected with it, on this foundation.
Category: Social Science

[11] viXra:1111.0007 [pdf] submitted on 2 Nov 2011

United Humanity ... Is It Possible?

Authors: Mark Sverdlov
Comments: 2 Pages.

It is shown that the human perception of the world was divided into two principally different representations - Eastern and Western. The Eastern school of thought was attempting to deepen its perception and viewed its knowledge in this context. The Western school of thought was based on subjectively logical modeling of the information obtained from the perception. It assumed that this way it was learning about the world. It is shown that the Western understanding was the basis of the human being created its own world during the time of civilization. This was not taken place not from the federative structure which is natural for the makeup of the world, but rather based on the system of monogovernments, which was built on the repression of weak people by the strong ones, as well as the exhostion by the human being of the natural resources. It was shown that the development of humanity in this way has led to almost complete extinction of the natural resources, and has put the humanity on the border of self distraction. It was shown that many-centuries-long development of humanity in this way did not ruin the initially representative of the human nature, basis for the world, federative structures. It was shown in the formation of federative governments as well as international market system in the 19-th and 20-th centuries. It is assumed to be possible, in case of appropriate, fundamental, qualified efforts, the formation on the federative basis the unified all-humanity-system, which is correlated with the makeup of the world and, because of this, retaining the ability to live.
Category: Social Science

[10] viXra:1107.0059 [pdf] submitted on 29 Jul 2011

The Modern African

Authors: Garreth H. Gothaven
Comments: 8 pages

The problem as it exists today is one of identity. What do I, as an African youth have to offer the world in terms of culture worthy of respect. What do we as Africans offer our children, that which they can be proud of and be willing to hand down to their own children, without any generation obtaining the familiar attitude of it being backward? A possible solution to the mindset shift that has left continental Africans branded as paddlers of H.I.V. Exploring some sources of the masochistic attitude, that many have toward their own cultural identity.
Category: Social Science

[9] viXra:1104.0032 [pdf] submitted on 6 Apr 2011

Goal-trapping the Ideas of Progress and Regress

Authors: Rodolfo Henrique Cerbaro
Comments: 3 pages.

As long as we have goals, the ideas of progress and regress affect us daily. These ideas are among the most important ones in daily life, therefore understanding them properly is necessary. This work provides a framework where, through relating the ideas with a goal, we manage to understand what the ideas are based upon, therefore how they affect our routine. No such framework exists in social sciences, which leaves the ideas of progress and regress poorly accounted for, and attempts of understanding the ideas have usually been about tracing their story, especially the story of progress, not of tracing how they affect our routine, so hopefully this work can handle this important gap. The expected result is a closer understanding of the ideas and how they affect our routine.
Category: Social Science

[8] viXra:1103.0118 [pdf] submitted on 31 Mar 2011

Competition-Trapping the Concept of Power

Authors: Rodolfo Henrique Cerbaro
Comments: 6 pages.

Defining the concept of power in an uncontroversial manner has proven to be difficult. Considering it is a significant concept for all of the social sciences, finding an uncontroversial way of conceptualizing it is necessary. This work proposes that a manner of conceptualizing power can be obtained through trapping the concept inside a competition, which allows us to conceptualize based on the competition. Concepts of power proposed in different fields of social sciences are discussed in the light of competition-trapping, which lead us to the conclusion that the ways power has been defined in the fields relate with important competitions to them, supporting the idea that power seems to be best understood as a competition-dependent concept. This model also allows us to understand the concept without considering any definition used for it as being incorrect.
Category: Social Science

[7] viXra:1008.0068 [pdf] submitted on 13 Mar 2010

Vedic Mathematics 'vedic' or 'mathematics': a Fuzzy & Neutrosophic Analysis

Authors: W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 220 pages

Religious extremism has been the root cause of most of the world problems since time immemorial. It has decided the fates of men and nations. In a vast nation like India, the imposition of religious dogma and discrimination upon the people has taken place after the upsurge of Hindu rightwing forces in the political arena. As a consequence of their political ascendancy in the northern states of India, they started to rewrite school textbooks in an extremely biased manner that was fundamentalist and revivalist. Not only did they meddle with subjects like history (which was their main area of operation), but they also imposed their religious agenda on the science subjects. There was a plan to introduce Vedic Astrology in the school syllabus across the nation, which was dropped after a major hue and cry from secular intellectuals.
Category: Social Science

[6] viXra:1007.0028 [pdf] submitted on 13 Mar 2010

Super Fuzzy Matrices and Super Fuzzy Models for Social Scientists

Authors: W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy, Florentin Smarandache, K. Amal
Comments: 280 pages

The concept of supermatrix for social scientists was first introduced by Paul Horst. The main purpose of his book was to introduce this concept to social scientists, students, teachers and research workers who lacked mathematical training. He wanted them to be equipped in a branch of mathematics that was increasingly valuable for the analysis of scientific data.
Category: Social Science

[5] viXra:1005.0057 [pdf] submitted on 11 Mar 2010

Fuzzy and Neutrosophic Analysis of Periyar's Views on Untouchability

Authors: W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy, Florentin Smarandache, K. Kandasamy
Comments: 385 pages

K.R.Narayanan was a lauded hero and a distinguished victim of his Dalit background. Even in an international platform when he was on an official visit to Paris, the media headlines blazed, 'An Untouchable at Elysee'. He was visibly upset and it proved that a Dalit who rose up to such heights was never spared from the pangs of outcaste-ness and untouchability, which is based on birth. Thus, if the erstwhile first citizen of India faces such humiliation, what will be the plight of the last man who is a Dalit? As one of the world's largest socio-economically oppressed, culturally subjugated and politically marginalized group of people, the 138 million Dalits in India suffer not only from the excesses of the traditional oppressor castes, but also from State Oppression - which includes, but is not limited to, authoritarianism, police brutality, economic embargo, criminalization of activists, electoral violence, repressive laws that aim to curb fundamental rights, and the non-implementation of laws that safeguard Dalit rights. The Dalits were considered untouchable for thousands of years by the Hindu society until the Constitution of India officially abolished the practice of untouchability in 1950.
Category: Social Science

[4] viXra:1005.0055 [pdf] submitted on 11 Mar 2010

Reservation for Other Backward Classes in Indian Central Government Institutions Like Iits, Iims and Aiims a Study of the Role of Media Using Fuzzy Super FRM Models

Authors: W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy, Florentin Smarandache, K. Kandasamy
Comments: 16 pages

The new notions of super column FRM model, super row FRM model and mixed super FRM model are introduced in this book. These three models are introduced specially to analyze the biased role of the print media on 27 percent reservation for the Other Backward Classes (OBCs) in educational institutions run by the Indian Central Government. This book has four chapters. In chapter one the authors introduce the three types of super FRM models. Chapter two uses these three new super fuzzy models to study the role of media which feverishly argued against 27 percent reservation for OBCs in Central Government-run institutions in India. The experts we consulted were divided into 19 groups depending on their profession. These groups of experts gave their opinion and comments on the news-items that appeared about reservations in dailies and weekly magazines, and the gist of these lengthy discussions form the third chapter of this book. The fourth chapter gives the conclusions based on our study. Our study was conducted from April 2006 to March 2007, at which point of time the Supreme Court of India stayed the 27 percent reservation for OBCs in the IITs, IIMs and AIIMS. After the aforesaid injunction from the Supreme Court, the experts did not wish to give their opinion since the matter was sub-judice. The authors deeply acknowledge the service of each and every expert who contributed their opinion and thus made this book a possibility. We have analyzed the data using the opinion of the experts who formed a heterogeneous group consisting of administrators, lawyers, OBC/SC/ST students, upper caste students and Brahmin students, educationalists, university vice-chancellors, directors, professors, teachers, retired Judges, principals of colleges, parents, journalists, members of the public, politicians, doctors, engineers, NGOs and government staff.
Category: Social Science

[3] viXra:1004.0055 [pdf] submitted on 8 Mar 2010

District Level Analysis of Urbanization from Rural-to-Urban Migration in the Rajasthan State

Authors: Jayant Singh, Hansraj Yadav, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 11 pages

Migration has various dimensions; urbanization due to migration is one of them. In Rajasthan State, District level analysis of urbanization due to migrants shows trend invariably for all the districts of the state though the contribution in urbanization by the migrants varies from district to district. In some districts the share of migrants moving to urban areas is very impressive though in others it is not that much high. The migrants' contribution in urbanization is on the rising over the decades. In this paper district level migration in the Rajasthan state is examined in relation to total urbanization and urbanization due to migration.
Category: Social Science

[2] viXra:1003.0248 [pdf] submitted on 8 Mar 2010

Graph Distance, Optimal Communication and Group Stability: A Preliminary Conjecture

Authors: Florentin Smarandache, V. Christianto
Comments: 4 pages

In recent years, there has been a rapid increase in the literature which discusses new phenomenon associated to social network. One of the well-known phenomenon in this regards is known as 'six degrees of separation' [1], which implies that one can always keep a communication with each other anywhere within a six-step. A number of experiments has verified this hypothesis, either in the context of offline communication (postal mail), or online communication (email, etc.). In this article, we argue that by introducing this known 'six degrees of separation' into the context of group instability problem, one can find a new type of wisdom in organization. Therefore, we offer a new conjecture, which may be called 'Group stability conjectures based on Graph/Network distance." To our knowledge this conjecture has not been discussed elsewhere, and therefore may be useful for further research, in particular in the area of organization development and group stability studies. The purpose of this article was of course not to draw a conclusive theory, but to suggest further study of this proposed conjecture.
Category: Social Science

[1] viXra:1003.0182 [pdf] submitted on 6 Mar 2010

Structural Dynamics of Various Causes of Migration in Jaipur

Authors: Jayant Singh, Hansraj Yadav, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 22 pages

Jaipur urban area has grown tremendously in last three decades. Composition of People migrating due to various reasons has display a meticulous trend. Dominance of people moving due to marriages is getting sturdy whereas Jaipur city is losing its luster in attracting persons for education and business. Short duration migration from Jaipur district to urban area has gone down to a very low level. Flow of migrants from Rural areas to Jaipur outpaced the migrants from urban areas and its composition from various in terms long and short distances migration has substantially changed over two consecutive decades. Movements of males and females were differ on many criterion as male moving faster than females for employment & education and females move faster than male for marriages and moving along family was found evident in short, medium and long distances migration. Gender gap in people migration from different reasons was observed and a gender specific trend was seen favour. Short duration migration and migration due to education & employment is not as prominence as it was two decade back
Category: Social Science

Replacements of recent Submissions

[17] viXra:1410.0204 [pdf] replaced on 2014-11-03 20:50:46

Music Collection: In the world (2)

Authors: Cheng Tianren
Comments: 9 Pages.

this is a music work of Professor Jeff, which collect 49 songs associated with 49 lyrical stories. In the second part, we select 17 music pieces of them to describe the growth experience of Jeff. on the other hand, this is not only a music composition, it is also suitable for music education.
Category: Social Science

[16] viXra:1409.0075 [pdf] replaced on 2014-11-25 14:37:06

What is a Fair Salary?

Authors: Ramzi Suleiman
Comments: 34 Pages.

Pay satisfaction and pay fairness are of vital concern to employees, employers, and hence the entire economic structure. Although the importance of fairness to compensation decisions is widely acknowledged, the research examining how fairness perception relates to components of pay is relatively scarce. Here, I model a dyadic employer-employee interaction as a two-person game in which an allocator (an employer) divides a monetary amount (a workplace net profit) between herself and a recipient (an employee). Assuming self-interested players, I propose a level-of-aspiration model, according to which players’ pay satisfaction is proportional to their actual payoffs relative to their aspired payoffs. Solving for the points of equality between the players’ levels of pay satisfaction, yields two “harmony” points, depending on the assumption made about the recipient's aspirations. Assuming that the recipient aspires for 50% of the total amount, the predicted harmony allocation is (2/3,1/3) for the allocator and recipient, respectively. On the other hand, assuming that the recipient aspires to receive the same amount as the allocator, the predicted harmony allocation is (φ, 1-φ), where φ≈0.62 is the famous Golden Ratio. For a dyadic employer-employee interaction, the above solution prescribes that a fair salary is any percentage of the net profit between ≈33% to ≈38%, with strong preference for the upper limit, which in addition to yielding higher pay and pay satisfaction, is also aesthetically pleasing. Tests using field data on attitudinal pay fairness, actual pay data, and allocation behavior in experimental ultimatum bargaining, lend strong support to the proposed model.
Category: Social Science

[15] viXra:1409.0075 [pdf] replaced on 2014-09-27 18:15:30

What Is a Fair Salary?

Authors: Ramzi Suleiman
Comments: 33 Pages.

Pay satisfaction and pay fairness are of vital concern to employees, employers, and hence the entire economic structure. Although the importance of fairness to compensation decisions is widely acknowledged, the research examining how fairness perception relates to components of pay is relatively scarce. Here, I model a dyadic employer-employee interaction as a two-person game in which an allocator (an employer) divides a monetary amount (a workplace net profit) between herself and a recipient (an employee). Assuming self-interested players, I propose a level-of-aspiration model, according to which players’ pay satisfaction is proportional to their actual payoffs relative to their aspired payoffs. Solving for the points of equality between the players’ levels of pay satisfaction, yields two “harmony” points, depending on the assumption made about the recipient's aspirations. Assuming that the recipient aspires for 50% of the total amount, the predicted harmony allocation is (2/3,1/3) for the allocator and recipient, respectively. On the other hand, assuming that the recipient aspires to receive the same amount as the allocator, the predicted harmony allocation is (φ, 1-φ), where φ≈0.62 is the famous Golden Ratio. For a dyadic employer-employee interaction, the above solution prescribes that a fair salary is any percentage of the net profit between ≈33% to ≈38%, with strong preference for the upper limit, which in addition to yielding higher pay and pay satisfaction, is also aesthetically pleasing. Tests using field data on attitudinal pay fairness, actual pay data, and allocation behavior in experimental ultimatum bargaining, lend strong support to the proposed model.
Category: Social Science

[14] viXra:1409.0075 [pdf] replaced on 2014-09-23 17:34:39

What Is a Fair Salary?

Authors: Ramzi Suleiman
Comments: 31 Pages.

Pay satisfaction and pay fairness are of vital concern to employees, employers, and hence the entire economic structure. Although the importance of fairness to compensation decisions is widely acknowledged, the research examining how fairness perception relates to components of pay is relatively scarce. Here, I model a dyadic employer-employee interaction as a “minimal” two-person game in which an allocator (e.g., an employer) divides a monetary amount (e.g., a workplace net profit) between herself and a recipient (e.g., an employee). Assuming rational, self-interested players, I propose a level-of-aspiration model, according to which players’ pay satisfaction is proportional to their actual payoffs relative to their aspired payoffs. Solving for the points of equality between the players’ levels of pay satisfaction, yields two possible “harmony” points, depending on the assumption made about the recipient's aspiration levels. Under the assumption that the recipient aspires to receive 50% of the total amount, the predicted harmony allocation is (2/3,1/3) for the allocator and recipient, respectively. On the other hand, assuming the recipient aspires to be treated equally, that is, to receive the same amount as the allocator, the predicted harmony allocation is (φ, 1-φ), where φ ≈ 0.62 is the famous Golden Ratio, known for its important role in human aesthetics, and in many fields of science and technology. For a dyadic employer-employee interaction, the above solution prescribes that a fair salary is any percentage of the net profit between ≈ 33% to ≈ 38%, with strong preference for the upper limit, which in addition to yielding higher pay and pay satisfaction, is also aesthetically pleasing.
Category: Social Science

[13] viXra:1409.0075 [pdf] replaced on 2014-09-23 06:10:27

What is a Fair Salary?

Authors: Ramzi Suleiman
Comments: 31 Pages.

Pay satisfaction and pay fairness are of vital concern to employees, employers, and hence the entire economic structure. Although the importance of fairness to compensation decisions is widely acknowledged, the research examining how fairness perception relates to components of pay is relatively scarce. Here, I model a dyadic employer-employee interaction as a “minimal” two-person game in which an allocator (e.g., an employer) divides a monetary amount (e.g., a workplace net profit) between herself and a recipient (e.g., an employee). Assuming rational, self-interested players, I propose a level-of-aspiration model, according to which players’ pay satisfaction is proportional to their actual payoffs, relative to the payoffs to which they aspired. Solving for the points of equality between the players’ levels of pay satisfaction yields two possible “harmony” points, depending on the assumption about the recipient’s aspiration. Assumption that recipients aspire to receive 50% of the total amount, the predicted harmony allocation is (2/3,1/3) for the allocator and recipient, respectively. On the other hand, assuming the recipient aspires to be treated equally, that is, to receive the same amount as the allocator, the predicted harmony allocation is (φ, 1-φ), where φ ≈ 0.62 is the famous Golden Ratio, known for its important role in human aesthetics and in many fields of science and technology. If the employee satisfaction is of primary interest, then the model prescribes that the employer should opt for the higher ratio of ≈ 38% of the net profit, which in addition to yielding higher pay satisfaction is also more aesthetically pleasing. Tests of the proposed model using data from a previous study on attitudinal pay fairness, from a new study on actual salaries, and from previous and new experimental studies on behavior in ultimatum bargaining, lend strong support to the validity of the proposed model.
Category: Social Science

[12] viXra:1409.0075 [pdf] replaced on 2014-09-13 20:27:42

What is a Fair Salary?

Authors: Ramzi Suleiman
Comments: 21 Pages.

Pay satisfaction and pay fairness are of vital concern to the employee, the employer, and hence the entire economic structure. Although the importance of fairness to compensation decisions is widely acknowledged, the research examining how fairness perception relates to components of pay is relatively scarce. Here I model a dyadic employer-employee interaction as a "minimal" two-person game, in which an allocator (e.g., an employer) divides a monetary amount (e.g., a workplace net profit), between herself and a recipient (e.g., an employee). Assuming rational, self-interested players, I propose a level of aspiration model, according to which players' pay satisfaction is proportional to their actual payoffs, relative to their aspired payoffs. Solving for the points of equality between the players' levels of pay satisfaction, yields two possible "harmony" points, depending on the assumption made about the recipient's aspiration. Under the assumption that recipients aspire to receive 50% of the total amount, the predicted harmony allocation is (2/3,1/3), for the allocator and recipient, respectively. On the other hand, assuming that the recipient aspires to be treated equally, i.e., to receive the same amount as the allocator, the predicted harmony allocation is (φ, 1-φ), where φ ≈ 0.62 is the famous Golden Ratio, known for its important role in human aesthetics, and in many fields of science and technology. For a dyadic employer-employee interaction, the above solution prescribes that a fair salary is any percentage of the net profit between ≈ 33% to ≈ 38%, with strong preference for the upper limit, which in addition to yielding higher pay and pay satisfaction, is also aesthetically pleasing. Tests of the proposed model using field data on attitudinal pay fairness, actual pay data, and allocation behavior in experimental ultimatum bargaining, lend strong support to the validity of proposed solution.
Category: Social Science

[11] viXra:1405.0301 [pdf] replaced on 2014-06-04 07:59:02

Innovation: the Basis of Cultural Change

Authors: Nigel B. Cook
Comments: 18 Pages.

H. G. Barnett was Professor of Anthropology at Oregon University when he issued Innovation: the Basis of Cultural Change (McGraw-Hill publishers, 1953). We review the book from the perspective of innovation in science. (Revised and expanded version, 4 June 2014.)
Category: Social Science

[10] viXra:1404.0057 [pdf] replaced on 2014-06-02 22:57:06

SuperNova Precession Period of Peace

Authors: Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr
Comments: 38 Pages.

The 24,925 year period beginning with the Shock Wave of the Geminga SuperNova 36,525 years ago and ending with the Vela X SuperNova 11,600 years ago corresponds roughly to one 26,000 year Earth Precession Period. No written historical record has been found for that SuperNova Precession Period during which Humans had migrated out of Africa to populate much of the Earth continuing the African IFA divination system, producing Cave Art, developing Sanskrit and the Rig Veda and the Meru Prastara, and building the Great Pyramid complex at Giza. Human Civilization during much of that SuperNova Precession Period seems to have been Peaceful, living in Harmony with Nature and with Each Other, so Manetho characterized it as the time of the Rule of Gods, Demigods and Spirits and I would call it the SuperNova Precession Period of Peace. However, after the Vela X SuperNova 11,600 years ago Human Civilization entered the Present Precession Period, Manetho’s time of the Rule of Mortal Humans characterized by (to paraphrase Terence McKenna) scarcity, preservation of privilege, and ever-more-sophisticated use of technology and ideology to control people. This paper is an attempt to describe the SuperNova Precession Period of Peace and to explore possible future paths of the Present Precession Period, including possible Global Nuclear War and possible Global Reconciliation and Peace. SuperNova Precession Period of Peace ... pages 2-10, IFA ... page 4, Rig Veda ... page 4, Cave Art ... page 6, Meru Prastara ... page 7, Great Pyramid ... page 9, Present Precession Period ... pages 11-12, Appendix I: Lullian Art ... pages 13-19, Appendix II: Gods, Demigods, Spirits ... pages 20-28, Appendix III: Geminga and Toba ... pages 29-31. V2 has some corrections and adds Appendix III. V3 adds Vico, Joyce and Finnegans Wake to Appendix II V4 adds more about Finnegans Wake
Category: Social Science

[9] viXra:1404.0057 [pdf] replaced on 2014-05-16 14:36:33

SuperNova Precession Period of Peace

Authors: Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr
Comments: 37 Pages.

The 24,925 year period beginning with the Shock Wave of the Geminga SuperNova 36,525 years ago and ending with the Vela X SuperNova 11,600 years ago corresponds roughly to one 26,000 year Earth Precession Period. No written historical record has been found for that SuperNova Precession Period during which Humans had migrated out of Africa to populate much of the Earth continuing the African IFA divination system, producing Cave Art, developing Sanskrit and the Rig Veda and the Meru Prastara, and building the Great Pyramid complex at Giza. Human Civilization during much of that SuperNova Precession Period seems to have been Peaceful, living in Harmony with Nature and with Each Other, so Manetho characterized it as the time of the Rule of Gods, Demigods and Spirits and I would call it the SuperNova Precession Period of Peace. However, after the Vela X SuperNova 11,600 years ago Human Civilization entered the Present Precession Period, Manetho’s time of the Rule of Mortal Humans characterized by (to paraphrase Terence McKenna) scarcity, preservation of privilege, and ever-more-sophisticated use of technology and ideology to control people. This paper is an attempt to describe the SuperNova Precession Period of Peace and to explore possible future paths of the Present Precession Period, including possible Global Nuclear War and possible Global Reconciliation and Peace. SuperNova Precession Period of Peace ... pages 2-10, IFA ... page 4, Rig Veda ... page 4, Cave Art ... page 6, Meru Prastara ... page 7, Great Pyramid ... page 9, Present Precession Period ... pages 11-12, Appendix I: Lullian Art ... pages 13-19, Appendix II: Gods, Demigods, Spirits ... pages 20-28, Appendix III: Geminga and Toba ... pages 29-31. V2 has some corrections and adds Appendix III. V3 adds Vico, Joyce and Finnegans Wake to Appendix II
Category: Social Science

[8] viXra:1404.0057 [pdf] replaced on 2014-04-11 10:17:21

SuperNova Precession Period of Peace

Authors: Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr
Comments: 31 Pages.

The 24,925 year period beginning with the Shock Wave of the Geminga SuperNova 36,525 years ago and ending with the Vela X SuperNova 11,600 years ago corresponds roughly to one 26,000 year Earth Precession Period. No written historical record has been found for that SuperNova Precession Period during which Humans had migrated out of Africa to populate much of the Earth continuing the African IFA divination system, producing Cave Art, developing Sanskrit and the Rig Veda and the Meru Prastara, and building the Great Pyramid complex at Giza. Human Civilization during much of that SuperNova Precession Period seems to have been Peaceful, living in Harmony with Nature and with Each Other, so Manetho characterized it as the time of the Rule of Gods, Demigods and Spirits and I would call it the SuperNova Precession Period of Peace. However, after the Vela X SuperNova 11,600 years ago Human Civilization entered the Present Precession Period, Manetho’s time of the Rule of Mortal Humans characterized by (to paraphrase Terence McKenna) scarcity, preservation of privilege, and ever-more-sophisticated use of technology and ideology to control people. This paper is an attempt to describe the SuperNova Precession Period of Peace and to explore possible future paths of the Present Precession Period, including possible Global Nuclear War and possible Global Reconciliation and Peace. SuperNova Precession Period of Peace ... pages 2-10, IFA ... page 4, Rig Veda ... page 4, Cave Art ... page 6, Meru Prastara ... page 7, Great Pyramid ... page 9, Present Precession Period ... pages 11-12, Appendix I: Lullian Art ... pages 13-19, Appendix II: Gods, Demigods, Spirits ... pages 20-28, Appendix III: Geminga and Toba ... pages 29-31. V2 has some corrections and adds Appendix III.
Category: Social Science

[7] viXra:1308.0097 [pdf] replaced on 2013-08-19 10:05:56

Against All Odds: Post World War II Liberal Arts in Germany and Its Comparison in Indonesia

Authors: Arli Aditya Parikesit
Comments: 4 Pages. 'LPM Edukasi' humanistic journal of pedagogic faculty of Wali Songo Islamic State Institute, Semarang, Indonesia

Liberal-arts is very important for giving studium generale towards every students from different background. This paper is elaborating comparison between German and Indonesian teaching on liberal-arts. The essential pillars of German liberal-arts are humanism, ethics, and holocaust commemoration. It should be keep in mind, that nurturing pattern between Germany and Indonesia are very different, because it has a different cultural background. Applying German liberal-arts into our curriculum definitely need a comprehension toward our own culture.
Category: Social Science

[6] viXra:1303.0197 [pdf] replaced on 2013-04-01 10:13:18

A Pragmatic Approach Towards Sociology.

Authors: Johan Noldus
Comments: 6 Pages.

The aim of this paper is to propose guidelines to construct workable and calculable models of society in which essential features are disentangled from gratuite desires emanating from the personal morality of its author. This is not to say that the model at hand should not contain a moral aspect, but that the specific form of the latter is a necessary byproduct bounded in time.
Category: Social Science

[5] viXra:1302.0038 [pdf] replaced on 2013-12-01 19:50:30

Essay Trilogy (3)

Authors: Cheng Tianren
Comments: 2 Pages.

昨天下午,院子里有几个小朋友聚在一起玩耍。一开始,他们还玩得挺高兴的,突然间,就为了一件小事打了起来。到最后,几个小孩子打得鼻青脸肿,都不约而同地喊起了爸爸妈妈的名字。听到他们的哭喊声,我心头一惊。
Category: Social Science

[4] viXra:1302.0038 [pdf] replaced on 2013-02-07 20:24:57

Essay Trilogy (3)

Authors: Cheng Tianren
Comments: 2 Pages.

昨天下午,院子里有几个小朋友聚在一起玩耍。一开始,他们还玩得挺高兴的,突然间,就为了一件小事打了起来。到最后,几个小孩子打得鼻青脸肿,都不约而同地喊起了爸爸妈妈的名字。听到他们的哭喊声,我心头一惊。
Category: Social Science

[3] viXra:1206.0045 [pdf] replaced on 2012-06-12 01:17:43

Aventuri Chineze (Fotojurnal Instantaneu)

Authors: Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 93 Pages.

„Aventuri chineze” este o carte despre o conferinţă ştiinţifică din Taiwan (în oraşul sudic Kaohsiung), între 4-11 noiembrie 2011, plus un tur ştiintific desfăşurat în perioada 11 decembrie 2011 – 6 ianuarie 2012 în patru oraşe din China: Beijing, Xi’an, Shanghai, şi Hangzhou. Stilul lapidar, fotografic (la propriu şi la figurat) din celelalte jurnale şi memorii turistice se menţine.
Category: Social Science

[2] viXra:1103.0118 [pdf] replaced on 18 Jun 2011

Competition-Trapping the Concept of Power

Authors: Rodolfo Henrique Cerbaro
Comments: 6 pages

Defining the concept of power in an uncontroversial manner has proven to be difficult. Considering it is a significant concept for all of the social sciences, finding an uncontroversial way of conceptualizing it is necessary. This work proposes that a manner of conceptualizing power can be obtained through trapping the concept inside a competition, which allows us to conceptualize based on the competition. Concepts of power proposed in different fields of social sciences are discussed in the light of competition-trapping, which lead us to the conclusion that the ways power has been defined in the fields relate with important competitions to them, supporting the idea that power seems to be best understood as a competition-dependent concept. This model also allows us to understand the concept without considering any definition used for it as being incorrect.
Category: Social Science

[1] viXra:1103.0118 [pdf] replaced on 20 May 2011

Competition-Trapping the Concept of Power

Authors: Rodolfo Henrique Cerbaro
Comments: 6 pages

Defining the concept of power in an uncontroversial manner has proven to be difficult. Considering it is a significant concept for all of the social sciences, finding an uncontroversial way of conceptualizing it is necessary. This work proposes that a manner of conceptualizing power can be obtained through trapping the concept inside a competition, which allows us to conceptualize based on the competition. Concepts of power proposed in different fields of social sciences are discussed in the light of competition-trapping, which lead us to the conclusion that the ways power has been defined in the fields relate with important competitions to them, supporting the idea that power seems to be best understood as a competition-dependent concept. This model also allows us to understand the concept without considering any definition used for it as being incorrect.
Category: Social Science