Social Science

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Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed further down

[285] viXra:1710.0070 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-06 08:12:29

A First Class Analysis, and Dissemination of Information of the September 11 Attacks

Authors: Peiman Ghasemi
Comments: 12 Pages.

In the September 11, 2001, nearly 3000 U.S. citizens were killed by terror attacks. A strong relationship existed between Palestinians, Qutbists, and jihadist groups with the Iranian government. Those days, Islamism in Europe had made strong connections with some Arabs and also Iranians. So, for example the al-Quds Mosque in Hamburg was not such an exception. There some attackers attended and met one another, forming the Hamburg cell. Al-Qaeda is an advocate of jihad. We consider Iran as a powerful propagator of radicalism mindset. In Afghanistan a series of meetings occurred in spring of 1999, involving Sheikh Mohammed, and Osama bin Laden. Atta became involved with the al-Quds Mosque. The Quds Force is described as “a military branch of Iran, active in dozens of countries". It is estimated, Iranians have at least hundreds of thousands of military troops just in Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, etc. Here we shall investigate the real causes of this brutal terrorist attack. In addition to a memorial, built at Ground Zero, other memorials have been built across the U.S. such as Flight 93 National Memorial, and Pentagon Memorial, following the terrorist attacks. Construction of the National September 11 Memorial & Museum began in August 2006. And it was opened to the general public in 2014. Just after the attacks President George W. Bush called it as "despicable acts of terror". Today we are trying hard to stand against the will of terrorists. Relatives of victims of the attacks won't ever forget such violations against humanity.
Category: Social Science

[284] viXra:1710.0044 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-04 07:09:33

Analysis of Beggars in Modern Nepal

Authors: Arjun Dahal, Nikita Parajuli
Comments: 4 Pages.

This paper attempts to classify the beggars of modern Nepal according to their professional and their art of begging. By observing their principles of begging, we have classified them into 6 categories and each category has been explained in brief.
Category: Social Science

[283] viXra:1709.0114 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-10 12:46:12

History of Economics in Great Britain :Development Outlook After Technological Revolution the 17th Century

Authors: Zhuravlev Andrey, Yadrin Alexander
Comments: 5 Pages.

This article describes basic development of Great Britain.
Category: Social Science

[282] viXra:1709.0098 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-09 09:58:44

Qualitätsentwicklung

Authors: Stephen I. Ternyik
Comments: 81 Pages.

Self-Learning-Course (Quality for Psychologists and Social Professions) Language: German
Category: Social Science

[281] viXra:1708.0153 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-14 12:50:30

An Integrated Pattern of Behavior Consistent with an Unprecedented Cult of the Scientific Age

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 3 Pages.

A review paper.
Category: Social Science

[280] viXra:1708.0099 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-09 16:23:12

Racism Amongst the Royals

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 3 Pages.

A shattered institution.
Category: Social Science

[279] viXra:1708.0096 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-09 12:36:40

MEANING’S Negotiation and SIGN’S Image

Authors: Ștefan Vlăduțescu
Comments: 5 Pages.

Our study investigates how the negotiation of the meaning of the world takes place throughout history in the poem "Memento mori" by Mihai Eminescu. The method used is a thematic-linguistic one. It is noted that the initial gesture, the impulse to trigger the poetic imagination is the understanding of history as a book; This makes it possible, with the mechanism of opening the book by preference, to stop the wheel of history in relation to the preference for one called the level of development of human civilization. Understanding the stages of the evolution of society takes place on the basis of signs that predict the future; The change of civilizations is a change of signs, a change of languages, a change of explanation and comprehension ofsigns. On the other hand, the system of signs change when the signs explain and their understanding contradict each other. There is a moment when, the explanation of old signs and their understanding contradicts: thus emerges in the negotiation of the meaning of explanation / understanding a segregation, a contradiction. When the contradiction is incomprehensible and unexplained, the jump leads to a higher level of civilization. With contradiction being permanent, civilizations will prove to be precarious, fragile, perishable, vain. Everything passes, the torrent perishes, eternal is the contradiction of signs, the negotiation of meaning, the change of systems of signs.
Category: Social Science

[278] viXra:1708.0095 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-09 12:44:07

Message and Image in a Parable of Romania's Last Decades

Authors: Ștefan Vlăduțescu
Comments: 9 Pages.

This study brings into a Romanian and universal diachronic perspective the parable ”The three hundred days rain” by Gabriel Chifu. The method used is a mix of comparisons, thematics and hermeneutics. There are three significant horizons: a realistic horizon, a biblical horizon, and a parabolic horizon. It is understood that in the articulation of this three horizons a distinctive parabolic realism is invented, a realism of parabolical fission of meanings. It is argued that the parable of Gabriel Chifu finds his place in universal literature, at the intersection of two groups of paradigm parables, the line of biblical parables and the line of parables with real incidence, myth or magic of the series ”The Plague” (A. Camus) and ”One Hundred Years of Solitude” (G. G. Márquez) and that, through the role of substantiation of the word, this parable shows clear Borgesian inflections. The novel ”The three hundred days rain” is qualified as a parable of Romania’s last years and is considered to be the most valuable parabolic novel of the present Romanian literature.
Category: Social Science

[277] viXra:1707.0310 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-24 21:51:51

Decision-Making in the Scientific Age

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 3 Pages.

A volatile reality.
Category: Social Science

[276] viXra:1707.0146 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-10 23:16:42

Discuss on The Individual Freedom of Choice in Abolition of Death Penalty

Authors: Yuan Kai
Comments: 3pages. Chinese version.

Each individual is offered the following two options in adulthood: once someone's right to life is deprived, the offender can be sentenced to death or be waived the death penalty rely on victim's former individual choice. Each individual in society has the right to choose freely according to his will. In the circumstances of being deprived of their right to life,all Individuals in the society chose criminals who could be waived the death penalty. The Abolition of Death Penalty will come naturally and easily.
Category: Social Science

[275] viXra:1707.0105 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-06 15:56:41

Trump's Political Manifesto

Authors: Adolfo Kitler
Comments: 557 Pages.

Trump's Political Manifesto
Category: Social Science

[274] viXra:1707.0037 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-03 05:10:35

Destabalization of the Religious State and Ultranationalism

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 3 Pages.

A carefully worded response.
Category: Social Science

[273] viXra:1706.0544 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-28 17:37:05

Spatial Segregation by Income

Authors: Ricardo Alvira
Comments: 83 Pages.

Socio‐Economic Inequality [SEI] has been of fundamental importance in the birth and evolution of human societies. In essence, it alludes to the different distribution of rights and obligations [and the legitimacy of such distribution/differences] in each society. It is therefore inextricably related to Article 01 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Within the possible forms of SEI, in this text we focus on revising the one that implies the segregation in the urban space of the inhabitants according to their levels of income, usually designated as Spatial Segregation by Income [SSI]. Individualized study of SSI is interesting for architects because it is possible to act on it from almost all scales of architects’ work. From codes that regulate cities to small scale residential projects, through urban plans and different sizes of urban transformations. Our objective with this text is to propose easy indicators and procedure for assessing SSI in urban areas, so usual urban transformations can be designed in a way that always directs our cities towards optimum levels of SSI. Previously, we briefly review the state of the art in Inequality and Segregation, differentiating between general issues regarding SEI and specific issues of Space Segregation. This will allow us to know when it is necessary acting in the urban planning/architectural field and when it is more convenient to implement another type of strategies [mostly political] as limiting housing speculation; improving corporate governance; redistributive policies... Additionally, we use herein explained indicators to review 11 Spanish cities, both to validate indicators’ design and to obtain an overview of current state of Spatial Segregation by Income in Spain. This analysis allows us to propose some strategies to improve Spanish cities’ current situation and prevent non‐desired scenarios in the future.
Category: Social Science

[272] viXra:1706.0529 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-29 08:12:08

On To What In The Contemporary Russia Goes On

Authors: Dainis Zeps
Comments: 47 Pages.

After writing a short note on Russia, in Russian [1], I decided to start a project named Russia. I don’t know if there is any sense to undertake such an attempt because events in Russia are developing too fast and it isn’t possible to follow what goes on even in frames of one two days. But nevertheless I am going to outline at least at some level of a project of draft intentions to say what I am about.
Category: Social Science

[271] viXra:1706.0320 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-12 05:14:56

Metodos de Certificacion de la Sostenibilidad en Proyectos Urbanos

Authors: Ricardo Alvira
Comments: 110 Pages. In Spanish

En los últimos años, se han tratado de dar respuesta a la necesidad de una mayor sostenibilidad en los proyectos urbanos, desde distintas perspectivas o mediante la creación de determinados instrumentos. Uno de estos instrumentos, son las herramientas de certificación de la sostenibilidad, con ya una cierta tradición en su aplicación a los edificios aisladamente, pero que todavía están dando sus primeros pasos en su aplicación desde la escala urbana. El objetivo de este trabajo es, partiendo de la revisión, análisis comparativo, y compilación de los contenidos y metodologías de algunas de estas herramientas que se han considerado relevantes, llegar a una propuesta de los contenidos que debería tener una herramienta de estas características para su aplicación en el contexto español. Para ello, se ha realizado un análisis comparativo exhaustivo de las dos herramientas y métodos con mayor difusión en la actualidad (y de aplicación en entornos con características similares al español) LEED for Neighbourhood Development y BREEAM for Communities. También se han revisado otras herramientas, con menor implantación o de carácter más local, pero que plantean enfoques complementarios o interesantes. A partir del análisis y las revisiones, se ha realizado una enumeración y estructuración de los aspectos que sería necesario considerar en el contexto español, no limitándose a los contenidos (lo que se ha llamado ‘herramienta’), sino también proponiendo la manera en que estas herramientas pueden integrarse en los procesos proyectuales y administrativos (lo que se ha llamado ‘método’). Por último, dado que el análisis y propuesta se realiza fundamentalmente desde la perspectiva de los proyectos de nueva creación, se ha considerado necesario destacar, mediante algunas reflexiones acerca de esta cuestión, la mayor eficiencia de las actuaciones planteadas sobre la ciudad existente, por cuanto además de implicar ahorros en consumo de materiales, suelo e infraestructuras, pueden servir para dar respuesta a la necesidad natural de actualización y renovación de las ciudades con el paso del tiempo. In recent years, there have been different attempts to respond to the need for more sustainable urban projects from different perspectives or through the creation of certain instruments. One of these instruments is the Sustainability Assessment Methods, which have been already implemented on buildings for a while, but are still taking their first steps in its implementation to the urban project scale. The aim of this research work is, based on the review, comparative analysis, and compilation of contents and methodologies of some of these methods that have been deemed relevant, reach a proposal of the contents that should have a method of these characteristics to be applied to the Spanish urban context. In order to elaborate this proposal, a thorough comparative analysis has been undertaken of the tools and methods more widely used at present (in environments similar to Spanish) which are LEED for Neighbourhood Development and BREEAM for Communities. Also other tools have been revised, with lower uptake or more local, but which pose interesting or complementary approaches. Based on this analysis and review, a compilation and proposal of the issues that should be addressed in the Spanish context, not limited to content (which is considered 'tool'), but also proposing ways in which these tools can be integrated into project and administrative processes (what is considered 'method'). Finally, as the analysis and proposal are mainly from the perspective of new projects, it has been considered necessary to highlight, by some reflections on this issue, the greater efficiency of projects located on the existing city, as this will also involve savings in material consumption, land and infrastructure, and can serve to meet the natural need of renovation and renewal of cities over time.
Category: Social Science

[270] viXra:1706.0319 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-12 05:23:42

Proyecto Haz[Otea].

Authors: Ricardo Alvira
Comments: 84 Pages. In Spanish

desde hace ya tiempo es frecuente oír hablar del gran potencial de la ‘puesta en carga’ de las azoteas urbanas no utilizadas para incrementar la sostenibilidad de las ciudades, generalmente aludiendo a su habilitación como azoteas verdes o para ubicar elementos generadores de energía renovable. Sin embargo, por varios motivos resulta difícil valorar en qué grado son correctas dichas afirmaciones: La información disponible de diferentes soluciones de azoteas describe cuestiones técnicas e impactos focalizados en aspectos muy concretos de la realidad (aislamiento térmico, retención de agua de lluvia…) difícilmente relacionables con el efecto global sobre las áreas urbanas de habilitar las azoteas. El efecto de un diseño/solución técnica es diferente en áreas urbanas diferentes. Las azoteas pueden ser destinadas a numerosos usos y antes de afirmar el mayor o menor interés de cada uno de ellos es necesario compararlos entre sí. Para ayudar en este debate, en este texto tratamos de aportar una estimación más completa del potencial de transformar la ciudad mediante la actuación sobre las azoteas de los edificios, incorporando dos cuestiones frecuentemente ausentes: revisaremos tanto las soluciones frecuentemente denominadas ‘sostenibles’ como un rango amplio de otras transformaciones posibles que seleccionamos a partir de una revisión extensa de ejemplos actuales y pasados de aprovechamiento de azoteas en todo el mundo. Paralelamente, realizaremos una estimación del impacto previsible de habilitar todas las azoteas de un área urbana existente, lo que nos permitirá valorar impactos globales que solo es posible apreciar al incrementar la escala de análisis. Para ello, estimaremos el impacto previsible de la posible transformación de un área urbana existente (el barrio Palos de Moguer en Madrid) utilizando el modelo Meta[S] propuesto por el autor (Alvira, 2015). La evaluación nos permite poner de manifiesto tres cuestiones fundamentales: no todas las transformaciones posibles de las azoteas producen el mismo beneficio sobre las ciudades, maximizar el beneficio de poner en carga las azoteas requiere el análisis particularizado de cada área urbana, y la cantidad de usos que es posible implantar y la facilidad de dicha implantación se incrementan si se introducen cambios en la normativa. Estas dos últimas cuestiones nos permiten afirmar el interés no solo de actualizar las normas estatales de edificación, sino también de que los ayuntamientos regulen las condiciones y utilización de los espacios de azotea, y en las conclusiones enumeramos algunas cuestiones que consideramos deberían contemplar o incorporar las diferentes normativas en relación a las azoteas. For some time now, it has become increasingly common hearing about the great potential transforming urban rooftop spaces poses for increasing cities’ sustainability, in a speech usually encouraging their adaptation into green roofs or use for locating renewable energy generators. However, it is currently extremely difficult assessing to what extent these statements are correct: • Available information and assessments of these rooftops’ types describe technical issues and/or focus on specific aspects of their impact on reality [thermal insulation, rain water retention ...] being hardly relatable to the impact a general transformation of an urban area’s rooftops would imply for the area’s overall state. • The impact of some technological solution/design may be different in different urban areas. • Rooftops may host several uses, yet we have found no document providing an extensive comparison of the impact of each of them. To assist in this debate, in this text we estimate the expected impact of the hypothetical transformation of all available rooftops in an existing urban area: Palos de Moguer neighborhood in Madrid. In order to do so, we use Meta[S] model proposed by the author as PhD Thesis project, which assesses 64 dimensions of urban reality. The assessment allows us to highlight three key issues: • Not all possible rooftops transformations produce the same benefit for cities/urban areas, and in urban consolidated environments rooftop transformations that allow people’s use may pose higher collective benefit. • Rooftops transformations benefit maximization requires individual analysis of each urban area, relating its particular needs with available rooftop surface characteristics. • The number of different rooftops possible uses and their ease of implementation can be greatly increased if some previsions are incorporated in Urban Planning/Building Codes These last two issues allow us to state the interest of both updating national Building & Design Codes and that municipalities regulate the conditions and use of rooftop spaces. In the Conclusions we list some issues we believe should be incorporated by different rooftops’ regulations.
Category: Social Science

[269] viXra:1706.0291 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-15 13:59:41

The Religious Naturalism of the Scientific Age

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 5 Pages.

The self-empowerment and self-actualization of the federation of industrial economy and the internationalist model.
Category: Social Science

[268] viXra:1705.0230 [pdf] submitted on 2017-05-14 14:57:38

The Reality of the Application of e-DMS in Governmental Institutions - an Empirical Study on the PPA

Authors: Al-Shobaki1, Mazen J.;Abu-Naser, Samy S.; Kassab, Mohammed khair I.
Comments: 15 pages

The research aims to identify the status of the application of electronic document management system in governmental institutions – the study was applied on the Palestinian Pension Agency. The population of this study is composed of all employees in the Palestinian Pension Agency. In order to achieve the objectives of the study, the researchers used the descriptive and analytical approach, through which try to describe the phenomenon of the subject of the study, analyze the data and the relationship between the components and the views put around it. Census method was used due to the small size of the study population and ease of access to the target group. (108) questionnaires were distributed to all members of the study population, were (65) employees in the Gaza Strip and (43) employees in the West Bank. All questionnaires were recovered. The study found the following results: There were no statistically significant differences in the members of the population in response to differences in the study about the reality of the application of electronic document management system in governmental institutions - case study on the Palestinian Pension Authority due to the age. There are no statistically significant differences in population members in response to the reality of the application of electronic document management system in governmental institutions - case Study on the Palestinian Pension Authority due to the variable nature of the job. As well as there are no statistically significant differences in the members of the population in response to the study about the reality of the application of electronic document management system in governmental institutions - case study on the Palestinian Pension Authority due to the variable of specialization. There are statistically significant differences in the study about the reality of the application of electronic document management system in governmental institutions - case study on the Palestinian Pension Authority due to Qualification variable for the benefit of members of the population study who are holding a Bachelor degree. There are statistically significant differences in the study about the reality of the application of electronic document management system in governmental institutions – case study on the Palestinian Pension Authority due to the variable number of years of experience for the benefit of members of the study population who have experience between 11-15 years.
Category: Social Science

[267] viXra:1705.0229 [pdf] submitted on 2017-05-14 15:03:41

The Degree of Administrative Transparency in the Palestinian HEI

Authors: Al-Shobaki1, Mazen J.;Abu-Naser, Samy S.; Ammar, Tarek M.
Comments: 18 pages

The aim of the study is to identify the degree of administrative transparency in the Palestinian higher educational institutions in the Gaza Strip. In the study, the researchers adopted a descriptive and analytical method. The research population consisted of administrative staff, whether academic or administrative, except for those in senior management or the university council. The study population reached 392 employees. A random sample was selected (197). The number of questionnaires recovered was (160) with a recovery rate of (81.2%). The researchers used a questionnaire for the data collection and were treated using SPSS to obtain the results. The results show that there is no significant difference between male responses and female responses due to gender variable. The results also confirm that there is no significant difference between respondents' responses due to the age variable. The results also showed a significant difference between respondents' responses attributed to the university variable. There is a fundamental difference between respondents' responses attributed to the scientifically qualified variable. The results also confirmed a significant difference between respondents' responses attributed to the management level variable. The results also confirmed a significant difference between respondents' responses due to variable years of service. The research reached a number of recommendations, the most important of which is: The necessity of Palestinian universities to adhere to the application of transparency standards in all university activities. The need to benefit from regional and international experience in the application of transparency systems within universities and to examine the possibility of applying these systems in our universities. As well as the need to engage in the program of teaching transparency in universities, as it is confirmed that only five universities participated in this experiment. The importance of raising awareness among the employees of Palestinian universities to clarify the foundations of building transparency and its dimensions to represent the active supporter through workshops and seminars.
Category: Social Science

[266] viXra:1705.0228 [pdf] submitted on 2017-05-14 15:07:36

Usage Degree of the Capabilities of DSS in Al-Aqsa University of Gaza

Authors: Al-Shobaki1, Mazen J.;Abu-Naser, Samy S.
Comments: 14 pages

This study aimed to identify the degree of use of the capabilities of decision-support systems in Palestinian institutions higher education, Aqsa University in Gaza - a case study. The study used a analytical descriptive approach, and the researchers used the of questionnaire tool to collect the data, the researchers using stratified random sample distributed (150) questioners to the study population and (126) was obtained back with rate of 84%. The study showed that the most important results are: that senior management supports the existence of decision support systems and that there is approval by the respondents on the paragraphs of the use of the capabilities of decision support systems in general. And that there are no significant differences between the averages of the answers of respondents differences about the degree of use of decision support systems capabilities attributed to personal data. The study also concluded a series of recommendations including: increasing the adoption of the senior management decision support in their decision-making systems. And increased regulatory attention to the potential available to decision support systems directly to the senior management in the Palestinian universities in the Gaza Strip. There is an increased interest in the physical and technical possibilities available for the use of decision support systems. There is an increased interest in human potential available for the use of decision support systems. Investment of information available to universities in building the capacities of integration techniques and other information technology capabilities. The empowerment of human resources in universities and participating in making decisions concerning the construction of the capabilities of information technology.
Category: Social Science

[265] viXra:1705.0177 [pdf] submitted on 2017-05-10 22:54:08

Authoritarianism in the Scientific Age

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 7 Pages.

The super-planetary state and the self-management of democratic political economy.
Category: Social Science

[264] viXra:1705.0150 [pdf] submitted on 2017-05-09 07:37:33

The Supreme Kondratieff

Authors: Stephen I. Ternyik
Comments: 9 Pages.

Economic Research into Exponentiality.
Category: Social Science

[263] viXra:1704.0234 [pdf] submitted on 2017-04-19 04:54:18

The Mosaic of the Norm

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 4 Pages.

An interrelated study.
Category: Social Science

[262] viXra:1704.0005 [pdf] submitted on 2017-04-01 20:25:46

The Advance Age

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 3 Pages.

An incalculable age.
Category: Social Science

[261] viXra:1703.0122 [pdf] submitted on 2017-03-13 10:06:01

Response to, "The Ecology of Being"

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 4 Pages.

The unsaid and the untold.
Category: Social Science

[260] viXra:1702.0315 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-25 14:04:05

Creative Imagination in Social Sciences

Authors: Anca Iorgulescu, Mihaela Marcu, Alexandru-Constantin Strungă, Davian Vlad
Comments: 246 Pages.

The Proceedings of CIL 2016: Third Edition of International Conference of Humanities and Social Sciences – Creativity, Imaginary, Language, Craiova, Romania, 20-21 May 2016
Category: Social Science

[259] viXra:1702.0252 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-20 09:30:49

The Exponentiation of the Production Function

Authors: Stephen I. Ternyik
Comments: 3 Pages.

Exponential knowledge automation and the human learning curve are discussed.
Category: Social Science

[258] viXra:1702.0228 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-17 11:50:31

The Sun Never Sets

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 5 Pages.

Analysis of global power shift in the Scientific Age.
Category: Social Science

[257] viXra:1702.0034 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-03 00:56:41

The Masters of Last Resort

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 5 Pages.

A resolution of the scientific state.
Category: Social Science

[256] viXra:1702.0013 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-01 10:08:32

Contradictory Stimulation

Authors: Renato Vieira dos Santos
Comments: 9 Pages.

Motivated by the apparent (or evident?) chaotic state of affairs in the political life of contemporary inhabitants of planet Earth, I ventured to describe a possible psychological masses domination strategy called ``contradictory stimulation''. Assuming that there is the possibility of a genuine intention on the part of some families and powerful organizations in guiding humanity in the way of their interests, I point through mathematical models that contradictory stimulation can be effective in inducing a subservient mentality in the political citizens. Recognize the existence of artful stratagems of manipulation and ``brainwashing'' sharpens our critical sense and changes our world view. It is the first step in a reaction that try to ensure individual freedoms, if they are desirable.
Category: Social Science

[255] viXra:1701.0665 [pdf] submitted on 2017-01-30 01:45:41

The Depth and Dynamics of the Sociopathic Norm

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 3 Pages.

Depth and dynamics.
Category: Social Science

[254] viXra:1701.0608 [pdf] submitted on 2017-01-25 10:42:19

The Perils of New Atheism

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 3 Pages.

Ideological war-crime and propaganda.
Category: Social Science

[253] viXra:1701.0421 [pdf] submitted on 2017-01-11 03:24:38

System of Ancient Spectacles in the Context of Their Perception of Christian Church

Authors: Igor Chistiukhin
Comments: 18 Pages. Russian language

The article deals with the problems associated with the scientific study of the relationship of the Orthodox Church to the system of the ancient spectacles that existed at the time of the birth of Christianity
Category: Social Science

[252] viXra:1612.0252 [pdf] submitted on 2016-12-15 07:00:30

The Ethical Economy of Space and Time

Authors: Stephen I. Ternyik
Comments: 8 Pages.

Peace Studies.
Category: Social Science

[251] viXra:1612.0216 [pdf] submitted on 2016-12-12 06:56:56

Hyper-Aged Men Finished Off by Ageism and Misandry: from Deadly Discrimination of Men in Society, Social Science, and Andragogy Practice, Toward Emancipatory “male” Applied Empirical Social Science

Authors: Sascha Vongehr
Comments: 14 Pages. 1 Fig., 52 Refs.

There are about 1.4 times more women than men above 60 years of age. We argue that the age distributions’ shapes imply that socio-biological reality ‘hyper-ages’ men by five years beyond their nominal age. Moreover, women present the overwhelming majority in adult education programs for the elderly, outnumbering men by up to ten to one. We discuss relevant social theory and practice, and as an example for empirically scientific social science, show that males are discriminated against in lifelong education efforts, deepening their general discrimination and unhealthy, in relation to this issue literally deadly social isolation. Our hyperaged, exhausted men description renders this work belonging to Advocacy Gerontology: older men are doubly discriminated by ageism. But our practical recommendations do not fix symptoms where it is “too late”. Our general recommendations support truly emancipatory, that is system-theoretical, “Asperger autistic male” theorizing.
Category: Social Science

[250] viXra:1611.0388 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-28 18:25:17

History of Electricity

Authors: Rochelle Forrester
Comments: 5 Pages.

This paper was written in order to examine the order of discovery of significant developments in the history of electricity. The history of electricity reveals a series of discoveries with the simplest discoveries being made first and more complex discoveries being made later. Some discoveries could not be made without certain prior discoveries having been made. The earliest forms of electricity to be experienced by people were those that occur naturally such as lightning and those resulting from simple activities like rubbing an object which causes electricity by means of friction. Systematic experimentation concerning electricity began after the scientific revolution with scientists constructing simple machines to create electricity and conducting simple experiments that showed electric charges could be positive or negative and that insulating material could stop an electric charge being lost from a charged object. Current electricity required the prior discovery of a battery such as the voltaic pile, and only when current electricity could be made, was it possible to discover the connection between electricity and magnetism. Once current electricity was produced, it was soon discovered that an electric current affected the behavior of a compass needle, leading to the invention of the electromagnet and eventually to Faraday’s invention of the electric motor and the electric generator. When practical electric generators and motors were invented, and the generation of electricity became economic, helped considerably by the invention of the electric light, the use of electricity began to spread throughout the first world and eventually the rest of the world. The order in which these discoveries were made was inevitable and given how valuable electricity is to human beings, it was also inevitable, that sooner or later in some society open to new ideas and technology, that electricity would be used to meet human needs. The order of discovery was inevitable and is an example of how social and cultural history has to follow a particular course determined by the structure of the world around us.
Category: Social Science

[249] viXra:1611.0387 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-28 19:56:37

The Discovery of Steam Power

Authors: Rochelle Forrester
Comments: 7 Pages.

This paper was written in order to examine the conditions needed, and the order of the discoveries made, for the invention of the steam engine. There were a number of conditions necessary for the invention of the steam engine. A vital one was the presence of a need, initially that of how to get water out of mines and later how to drive the new machinery that was being produced as part of the industrial revolution. But needs are common and they are not always met. The reasons why those needs were met was due to the scientific progress that was going on in 16th and 17th century Europe concerning the knowledge of atmospheric pressure, how to create vacuums and of the properties of gases. Allied to this scientific progress was a belief in Europe at the time that progress could be made and problems could be solved. The inventors at the time applied scientific knowledge to solving the problems that existed and after long periods of trial and error, including the development of new and better materials, were able to produce a working steam engine. Crucial to the progress made by the inventors was the diffusion of scientific and engineering knowledge which enabled them to build on each other’s work. The earlier development of printing was important to the diffusion process and the role of organizations such as the Royal Society was also important.
Category: Social Science

[248] viXra:1611.0283 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-19 22:59:30

An Introduction to Isaac's Laws

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 11 Pages.

A summary of a literary text.
Category: Social Science

[247] viXra:1611.0179 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-12 09:44:39

Football Fans Can Win the Home Match—Collective Psychosis Has Physics

Authors: Tamas Lajtner
Comments: 3 Pages.

According to chaos theory (nonlinear dynamic), the single flap of a butterfly’s wings can lead to unexpectedly great consequences. This sentence does not stress the force of flap of a butterfly, its goal is to allow us to picture how a small input causes big changes in the output. But we may understand it in a more concrete form. We can measure the energy of the flap of a butterfly’s wing. This energy is about as great as the measurable energy of thought. The butterfly effect can manifest itself as a thought effect. Based on the chaos theory we may say: a small change of the input caused by thought force causes a disproportional change in the output of the system, if the system is a nonlinear system. This paper was meant as a short presentation of an given aspect of thought force; it's about the physics of collective psychosis.
Category: Social Science

[246] viXra:1611.0149 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-10 19:12:33

The Discovery of Agriculture

Authors: Rochelle Forrester
Comments: 8 Pages.

This paper is written to question the widespread belief among anthropologists that pre-historic hunter gatherers knew about agriculture long before agriculture began to be practiced. The paper suggests gradually accumulating human knowledge led to the development of agriculture rather than population pressure, favorable mutations or convenient climate, all of which would have occurred at various times long before agriculture was developed, without leading to the discovery of agriculture
Category: Social Science

[245] viXra:1611.0130 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-09 16:46:27

The History of Medicine

Authors: Rochelle Forrester
Comments: 35 Pages.

This paper was written to study the order of medical advances throughout history. It investigates changing human beliefs concerning the causes of diseases, how modern surgery developed and improved methods of diagnosis and the use of medical statistics. Human beliefs about the causes of disease followed a logical progression from supernatural causes, such as the wrath of the Gods, to natural causes, involving imbalances within the human body. The invention of the microscope led to the discovery of microorganisms which were eventually identified as the cause of infectious diseases. Identification of the particular microorganism causing a disease led to immunization against the disease. Modern surgery only developed after the ending of the taboo against human dissection and the discovery of modern anaesthesia and the discovery of the need for anti-septic practices. Modern diagnostic practices began with the discovery of x-rays and the invention of medical scanners. Improved mathematics, especially in probability theory, led to statistical studies which led to a much greater ability, to identify the causes of disease, and to evaluate the effectiveness of treatments. These discoveries all occurred in a necessary and inevitable order with the easiest discoveries being made first and the harder discoveries being made later. The order of discovery determined the course of the history of medicine and is an example of how social and cultural history has to follow a particular course determined by the structure of the world around us.
Category: Social Science

[244] viXra:1611.0098 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-07 17:54:21

The Discovery of the Atomic World and the Constituents of Matter

Authors: Rochelle Forrester
Comments: 17 Pages.

The change from the traditional Western and Chinese view of the elements involving materials such as water, air, earth, wood, metal and fire, to the chemical elements making up the periodic table, to atoms, to particles such as protons, neutrons and electrons, and then to quarks was inevitable. The order of discovery of these ideas of the ultimate constituents of matter was necessary, in that they could not have been discovered in any other order. This was because nature has a particular structure and we have a particular place in nature. The traditional view of the elements could be obtained by naked eye observation, and the view of nature as being made up of the chemical elements in the periodic table was next discovered, as it involved the decomposition of traditional elements, such as air and water. This led to the idea there was a separate atom for each element which explained the differences between the elements. The sub atomic particles were discovered in a necessary order with the outer particles like the electron being discovered earlier, and inner particles such as quarks being discovered later. The order of discovery of particles is also affected by the properties of the particles. The charges of particles, their mass and ability to survive outside the particles they make up, and other properties will make a particle harder or easier to discover. The order of discover is inevitable and set by the structure of the universe. The structure of the universe includes the structure of the atom, and of the particles making up the atom, and the properties of the atom, and of the particles making up the atom.
Category: Social Science

[243] viXra:1611.0092 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-07 14:39:59

Guttman Scale Analysis and Its Use to Explain Cultural Evolution and Social Change

Authors: Rochelle Forrester
Comments: 6 Pages.

Guttman scale analysis is a very useful tool to understand the evolution of societies. It shows the accumulation of cultural traits throughout history in various societies and that those cultural traits were usually accumulated in the same order. The results of studies, by Robert Carneiro and others, shows the accumulation of cultural traits is not random and indicates a universal pattern in cultural evolution. The universal pattern is caused by increasing human knowledge of the environment we live in. Human societies usually acquire this knowledge in the same order, with easier discoveries concerning the natural world being made earlier than more complex discoveries. This means human social and cultural history, usually follows a particular course, a course that is determined by the structure of the human environment.
Category: Social Science

[242] viXra:1611.0051 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-03 21:47:38

The Development of Agriculture and Pastoralism

Authors: Rochelle Forrester
Comments: 6 Pages.

The ultimate cause of much historical, social and cultural change is the gradual accumulation of human knowledge of the environment. Human beings use the materials in their environment, including plants and animals, to meet their needs and increased human knowledge of the plants and animals in their environment enables human needs to be met in a more efficient manner. The plants and animals in the human environment have particular properties, caused by their genetic make-up and these properties make some plants and animals more suitable for domestication than others. Humans learnt which were the best plants to domesticate, and how to cultivate them, in a particular order with the easiest crops to domesticate being domesticated first and with agricultural techniques improving over time as human knowledge increased. They also learnt which animals could be domesticated, and how to use and control them, in a particular order with the easiest to domesticate, being domesticated first, and the harder to domesticate being domesticated later. The knowledge of how to use and control domesticated animals, improved over time, with the simplest techniques being learnt first and more complicated techniques being learnt later. The order of discovery determines the course of human social and cultural history as knowledge of new and more efficient means of meeting human needs, such as agriculture and pastoralism, results in the development of new social and ideological systems. This means human social and cultural history, has to follow a particular course, a course that is determined by the properties of the materials, such as plants and animals, in the human environment.
Category: Social Science

[241] viXra:1611.0048 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-03 23:50:57

The History of Metallurgy

Authors: Rochelle Forrester
Comments: 7 Pages.

The ultimate cause of much historical, social and cultural change is the gradual accumulation of human knowledge of the environment. Human beings use the materials in their environment, including fire and metals, to meet their needs and increased human knowledge of fire and metals enables human needs to be met in a more efficient manner. Fire and metals have particular properties and human knowledge of those properties increases over time in a particular order. Increasing human knowledge of how to create higher and higher temperatures enables the smelting and melting of a wider range of ores and metals. Those ores and metals that could be smelted and melted at lower temperatures were used before the ores and metals which had higher smelting and melting points. This meant that copper, and its alloy bronze, were used before iron and its alloy steel. Pure metals, like copper and iron, were used before alloys such as, bronze and steel, as the manufacture of alloys is more complicated than the manufacture of pure metals. The simplest knowledge is acquired first and more complex knowledge is acquired later. The order of discovery determines the course of human social and cultural history, as knowledge of new and more efficient means of smelting ores and melting metals, results in new technology, which contributes to the development of new social and ideological systems. This means human social and cultural history, had to follow a particular course, a course that was determined by the properties of the materials in the human environment.
Category: Social Science

[240] viXra:1610.0389 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-31 19:12:58

A Problem with some Philosophies of History

Authors: Rochelle Forrester
Comments: 13 Pages.

Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim, Leslie White, Allen Johnson and Timothy Earle, and Stephen Sanderson all produced linear theories of history, social change and cultural evolution but their theories have a common deficiency. None of them provide an ultimate explanation for social cultural and historical change. This failure was rectified by J. S. Mill who suggested increasing human knowledge was the ultimate cause of social, cultural and historical change. However even Mill did not ask what caused the increasing human knowledge and why the knowledge had to be acquired in a particular order and how this could affect human history.
Category: Social Science

[239] viXra:1610.0301 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-25 04:02:21

Economic Cycles of Social Hatred

Authors: Stephen I. Ternyik
Comments: 2 Pages.

On the Conjuncture of Antisemitism
Category: Social Science

[238] viXra:1610.0297 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-24 20:53:50

The Discovery of the Periodic Table

Authors: Rochelle Forrester
Comments: 8 Pages.

This paper was written to investigate the order of discoveries made in chemistry leading up to the discovery of the periodic table. New experimental techniques such as the pneumatic trough, voltaic piles, spectroscopy and potassium analysis led to the discovery of many new elements and their properties, which enabled the discovery of the periodic table. The discoveries led to the demise of the classical theory of the elements, to the end of the phlogiston theory and to the creation of the modern ideas of the elements and of the atomic theory. The paper shows the discoveries were made in a necessary and inevitable order with new experimental techniques leading to the discovery of new elements which eventually led to the discovery of the periodic table.
Category: Social Science

[237] viXra:1610.0096 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-08 23:56:31

The Sociopathic Norm: A Pattern of Organized Criminal Activity in the Scientific Age

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 3 Pages.

A brief summary.
Category: Social Science

[236] viXra:1608.0366 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-26 22:17:37

Global Policy and the Scientific Age in the Modern Era

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 5 Pages.

Policy in the Scientific Age.
Category: Social Science

[235] viXra:1608.0242 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-22 08:03:48

Capturing Economic Rent as Public Revenue

Authors: Stephen I. Ternyik
Comments: 5 Pages.

A Geo-Economic Point of View
Category: Social Science

[234] viXra:1608.0114 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-12 00:36:23

Uso de Las Preferencias Politicas Para Inducir Una Topologia en un Conjunto de Votantes

Authors: Ivan Guzman
Comments: 8 Pages.

Estas breves notas exploran un metodo para inducir una topologia en un conjunto de votantes a partir de las preferencias de politicas publicas de lo miembros del mismo. Asimismo, se evaluan algunas caracteristicas basicas de este espacio topologico y sus conexiones con la teoria clasica de eleccion publica.
Category: Social Science

[233] viXra:1608.0081 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-08 11:37:29

In the Spirit of the Olympics

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 5 Pages.

The present article, as a testimony to ‘The spirit of The Olympics’, explores Wikipedia Occurrence Frequency and Trend Search based analytics of different countries, pertaining to the term ‘Olympics’, in an attempt to understand the significance each of the 205 participating countries assigns to this foremost sports competition. From the results, the significant interest in the events by Europe and the Americas become apparent, followed by Asia, Oceania and finally Africa. Citius-Altius-Fortius!
Category: Social Science

[232] viXra:1607.0548 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-28 23:02:23

Brain Disorders – Indian and Global Trends

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian, Gomathi Balasubramanian
Comments: 6 Pages.

In light of the information explosion and prominence of search engines in current scenario, the present article investigates and reports on the search trends of five brain disorders, namely meningitis, schizophrenia, epilepsy, autism and coma, using the Google Trends tool. Setting the time duration between the mid-2000’s and the present (July, 2016), the analyses of trends are performed both chronologically and location-wise on global and Indian geographies. Overall, it is interesting to see certain regional patterns in global and Indian trends and forms the impetus for studying correlations and impacts of a lot of factors such as workaholism, HDI, percentage of white and Caucasian races and climatic conditions in Europe and America. Also, as seen from the Indian trends, south Indian states and cities dominate trends of all the analyzed brain disorders, and it is imperative to investigate into the correlations of such disorders with tropical and coastal climates as well as socio-economic and academic performances.
Category: Social Science

[231] viXra:1607.0501 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-27 02:07:19

Vietnam Regaining the Smile

Authors: Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 144 Pages.

This album is a photolog of a three-weeks-long scientific & touristic trip in Vietnam; a country that - in the last century - surpassed wars and uncertainty and unrest, being nowadays in the midst of a new battle: that of regaining the smile. The brave nation of Vietnam proves it again and again, more and more: this battle is won every day.
Category: Social Science

[230] viXra:1607.0500 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-27 02:09:18

Vietnam Veteran ÎN ȘTIINȚE Neutrosofice

Authors: Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 134 Pages.

Aceată carte este rezultatul unui minunat turneu științific despre mulțimea / logica / măsura / probabilitatea / statistica neutrosofică la diverse universități din Hà Nội și Hồ Chí Minh, precum și vizitarea unor locuri și obiective culturale și istorice.
Category: Social Science

[229] viXra:1607.0034 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-04 02:36:59

Mannheim's Vault

Authors: Stephen I. Ternyik
Comments: 5 Pages.

Karl Mannheim and the scientific integration of theology and sociology.
Category: Social Science

[228] viXra:1606.0115 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-11 16:50:03

Religious Naturalism

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 6 Pages.

Thoughts on religious thought and new naturalism.
Category: Social Science

[227] viXra:1606.0094 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-10 07:42:21

Kings’ Dirty Operation: Concise Memos of My Cooperation with the CIA and Illuminati's Hell

Authors: Peiman Ghasemi, Barack Obama
Comments: 134 Pages.

It’s a concise part of my cooperation with the White House and the Central Intelligence Agency and Human Rights Watch. I have been all around the Globe. I have stayed in Russia; places so cold that your very bones inside of you shriek. Deep down inside the underground city, where you ask yourself “How is it possible for satellites with their warheads to track me here?” I remember that it was many months ago when I informed the US President, I would like to write a book. It's a great pleasure that I received a note by Bill Gates and I included the note here in this work. What follows is a concise part of some private communications and what we did behind the closed doors to change the course of the world! Kings’ Dirty Operation is introduced with a foreword by President Barack Obama.
Category: Social Science

[226] viXra:1606.0051 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-06 02:45:43

Produce-Consumer

Authors: Mjgat.Jatj
Comments: 1 Page.

produce-consumer is much more
Category: Social Science

[225] viXra:1606.0048 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-05 04:19:38

Oppenheimer's Transformation Law

Authors: StephenJehucal@web.de
Comments: 4 Pages.

The future of communal settlements is discussed, in terms of economic calculation models.
Category: Social Science

[224] viXra:1606.0039 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-03 15:33:43

The Michelson Fallacy

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

A new cognitive bias/fallacy is given definition so that it can be spotted in the future based on the author’s experience with sharing a new understanding of nature.
Category: Social Science

[223] viXra:1606.0013 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-01 16:14:09

A Comment on "Family Ruptures, Stress, and the Mental Health of the Next Generation"

Authors: Nicolas Bearbaki
Comments: 5 Pages.

Persson and Rossin-Slater (2016b) claim to be the first to credibly estimate causal effects of fetal stress exposure on mental health in later life. They emphasize that their analysis is the first to control for non-random exposure to a relative’s death and non-random gestation length. In light of discoveries regarding prior literature, we find these claims to be exaggerated and misleading.
Category: Social Science

[222] viXra:1605.0285 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-28 12:26:25

On Inventing a New Manager

Authors: S.P.Srivastava
Comments: 8 Pages.

Management theory has not kept pace with developments of concepts in other fields especially in science. As a result, managers have gone out of tune with modern paradigm. Gerald Holton, a noted philosopher has observed that “…science has always generated an important part of our symbolic vocabulary and provided some of the metaphysical bases and philosophical orientations of our ideology”, in this light, development of management theories has been analyzed in this article in the context of evolving scientific thoughts especially quantum mechanics. It has been argued that there is a need for a new management concept which does not follow traditional style in the classical sense of “control and supervision” but adopts a new style which is in tune with quantum mechanical concept and follow “cooperate and contribute” philosophy.
Category: Social Science

[221] viXra:1605.0181 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-16 22:26:08

India: a ‘Wiki’ Tale of Twenty Nine States

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 12 Pages.

After understanding the subtle difference between comprehensive and complete coverage of an entity in an encyclopedia, the present article poses the question: For an encyclopedia service such as Wikipedia, what does it take to ‘comprehensively’ describe a particular state of India, covering in reasonable detail all its diversity? In line with this thought, a simple exercise, consisting for searching for the number of occurrences of each district name in the article about its home state, was carried out. This is done for all state mentions in the article about India, as well as each district of the 29 states in the respective articles, sorted out in seven zones: Himalayas, North, Centre, West, South, East and Sisters. The article in particular focuses on significance of the capital in each state, quantified as the Rajdhani Effect, as well as districts not being mentioned anywhere in the article, quantified as the Zero Effect. With these points in consideration, the article explores the Wikipedia articles of each of the 29 states in India, searching for and studying the number of times each district features therein. The result is a different perspective on the states and on the entire country of India, understanding and highlighting the districts that have made a mark significant enough to feature in the ‘comprehensive’ Wiki tale of twenty nine states.
Category: Social Science

[220] viXra:1605.0128 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-12 11:42:03

A Call for Our Ethical Responsibility

Authors: Kunwar Jagdish Narain
Comments: 7 Pages.

We observe that, starting from our families to all over the world, the unrest, intolerance, corruption and militancy etc. are continuously growing on day by day despite all our efforts starting from social, spiritual, administration levels to all the possible levels. It is because, the root cause that is responsible for all these, we never tried to find out. The day, every member of every family starts thinking about his/her ethical responsibilities towards all the rest of the members of his/her family, his/her neighbors, citizens of his/her city and country etc., unrest, intolerance, corruption and militancy etc. all shall start decreasing in place of growing.
Category: Social Science

[219] viXra:1605.0107 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-10 20:51:44

The Sociopathic Norm: A Pattern of Behavior Consistent with an Unprecedented Cult of the Scientific Age

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 10 Pages.

History, Examination, and Determination.
Category: Social Science

[218] viXra:1605.0019 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-02 12:04:46

Gays in the Military

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 13 Pages.

An overview of gays in the military is given.
Category: Social Science

[217] viXra:1605.0015 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-02 08:41:10

Valuation, Calculation, Transformation.

Authors: Stephen I. Ternyik
Comments: 7 Pages.

The great economic growth paradox is unveiled, from a sustainable point of view.
Category: Social Science

[216] viXra:1604.0249 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-16 10:00:04

The Smart House

Authors: Mahmoud Mohsen Ali Alsayes
Comments: 1 Page.

As known, Egypt faces many grand challenges such as saving energy, Water and air Pollution, poverty and housing problem. In our capstone's project, we have tried to find a solution for over-population by exploiting Egypt's vast areas of deserts to build integrated houses that are refurbishing for air, eco-friendly, self-cleaning and cheap. The project's design requirements are to make the temperature suitable for residents in deserts and make the house resistant to the natural disasters. We made a prototype for our original design by using foam instead of rammed earth. We prove that the design has met our design requirements through the test plan. And the results were fantastic and unexpected. We have chosen North Plateau in The western desert to apply the Project where underground water and fertile soil found. We use wastes as a key to generate biogas and electricity. In addition, we use a hydrogen fuel cell technology as a second source. We are supposed to use rammed earth and palm fronds materials in building as they are found in that area
Category: Social Science

[215] viXra:1604.0248 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-16 06:49:59

Quantum Energetic Evolution

Authors: Stephen I. Ternyik
Comments: 8 Pages.

A critical pathway towards economic sustainability is explained, in physical terms.
Category: Social Science

[214] viXra:1604.0127 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-07 04:51:56

Cititorind. Frânturi de Decepție în Literatură și Viață. α-Lecturi Instante

Authors: Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 84 Pages.

A șaptea plachetă din seria smarandacheană de cititoriri (lecturi instante) abordează universul decepției din două perspective: o dată, prin ochii unor scriitori ilustrativi (Virginia Woolf, Franz Kafka, René Char, Emil Cioran, Constantin Țoiu, Ileana Vulpescu, Mihai Sin – așezați în ordine cronologică), iar apoi, prin surprinderea introspectivă, autobiografică a unei perioade deceptive (anul 1980 în România comunistă, cu gânduri împărtășite doar hârtiei, cu revolte și resemnări, cu zbateri nesfârșite pentru a publica).
Category: Social Science

[213] viXra:1604.0123 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-06 07:41:19

Global Dynamic Efficiency

Authors: Stephen I. Ternyik
Comments: 6 Pages.

Global Dynamic Efficiency is explained in terms of geo-and thermo-economics.
Category: Social Science

[212] viXra:1604.0114 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-05 20:26:57

Migrations et Environnement: étiologie Des Débats et Participations Sociologiques

Authors: KAMANA Pouwisawè, Roger Tamasse DANIOUẺ, Kouami KOKOU
Comments: 34 Pages.

In recent years, the entrance on the scene of sociopolitical climate issues has opened the debate on a new type of migrants including that of environmental migrants. Today, even if the relationship between the environment and migration make gradually its way in international circles, it remains largely unknown to the general public and arouses a little of scientific researchers. If scientists know the phenomenon since the 1970s, it is only in recent years that it has truly become a social issue, political, environmental and a subject of public debate. The objective of this article is to make a place of state of knowledge of the phenomenon through an etiology of debates of different actors. The results reveal that there are a multitude of terms and definitions customary in the different actors who addressed the topic. Different work on environmental migration is subject suffering from a terminological point of view. The classificatory issue addressed by the authors, is multiple and sometimes complementary. Faced with the growing status of the phenomenon and its victims throughout the world in varying degrees, it is urgent to put an end to unnecessary and unfruitful definitional misunderstanding because an action is worth a thousand intentions.
Category: Social Science

[211] viXra:1604.0113 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-05 20:32:57

The External Migration and Its Effects in Romania

Authors: Alexandra DEACONU
Comments: 09 Pages.

Migration or territorial mobility of the population is not limited to travel in space, but is a more complex process that brings into the equation multiple items and irrespective of the mechanisms that set in motion or influencing their manifestation, generates a broad spectrum of effects. The changes are visible in the economic life political, social, cultural, religious. They manifest both in the place of origin, from where potential migrants will go, and in the destination.
Category: Social Science

[210] viXra:1604.0112 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-05 20:37:28

Las Devociones Sincréticas en América Del Sur: la Fiesta de San Benito en Venezuela Como Expresión de Contrapoder

Authors: Vanessa A. Casanova
Comments: 42 Pages.

The oil city of Cabimas, in western Venezuela, is the heterogeneous and complex space where various groups worship San Benito de Palermo, one of the most widespread, plural and multiethnic Catholic expressions of the region. The devotion to this deity, as a mestizo expression of local identities, gets away from the conceptions and rites of the Church, for whom the relationship with the saint should be limited to the spaces and times that it has defined, particularly during the cycle of fiesta. Cabimas is a place of concurrence and tension between believers and institutions, which are united by a common element: the saint, but which sometimes also get into conflict. How can this worship lead to this ambivalence? How can it represent, at the same time, an expression of power and counterpower? In this work we propose to discuss the relationship between the sacred, collective identities and power in the cult of Saint Benedict, with the help of the ethnographic method and the interpretative analysis of significances of the anthropology of religion. In their relationship with the saint, people, the Church, leaders and public forces altogether overwhelm the system of doctrines and rituals, to participate in a phenomenon that no longer seems "religious" nor "political" or "family", but becomes instead –using Maussian terms– a total social fact.
Category: Social Science

[209] viXra:1603.0316 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-21 14:37:17

The Great Economic Calculation Paradox

Authors: Stephen I. Ternyik
Comments: 2 Pages.

Transformative Management/Next Society/Just Third Way
Category: Social Science

[208] viXra:1603.0094 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-06 15:18:37

Anarcho-syndicalism and Social Ecology in a World Set Free: New Keynesian Thought and the Scientific Order

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 14 Pages.

Thoughts on the Scientific State.
Category: Social Science

[207] viXra:1603.0084 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-05 10:34:21

Problems Encountered by Physical Education Teachers in Physical Education Classes And Their Professional Life in Turkey

Authors: Meric ERASLAN, Burhanettin HACICAFEROGLU
Comments: 11 Pages.

This research aims to evaluate the problems encountered by physical education teachers in physical education classes and their professional life in Turkey. Method of researching was compilation, which is being used widely in research literature. In this context, authentic articles and post-graduate thesises on this subject have been evaluated first. As a result of the literature research conducted, it has been understood that most of the studies on this field were post-graduate thesis papers and there were a limited number of authentic articles on the subject. As a result of this research, it has been understood that among other problems encountered by physical education teachers in physical education classes, having inadequate/insufficient equipment for sports, parents not being able to communicate with physical education teachers, low level of interest shown by parents to physical education classes, low level of interest shown by students due to easy pass/fail regulations, parent considering children attendance to physical education events are unnecessary, other branch teachers not caring about physical education courses of children, school administration not caring about physical education courses of children, physical education classes in first, second and third grade not being administered by physical education teachers, insufficient/inadequate sports facilities and dressing rooms, unproductive application of course plans due to high number of students in classes, unproductive departmental works, easy pass/fail regulations, students not paying enough attention to physical education classes due to spending time in private courses for the preparation process to central placement exams were the major problems.
Category: Social Science

[206] viXra:1603.0083 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-05 10:35:24

The Recreation Methods of Turkish Youth: A Literature Review

Authors: Berrin GUNER
Comments: 7 Pages.

It is observed that the researches are getting greater and greater in number about the youth problems comparing to the previous years recently. In literature it is seen that the recreation methods of the youth are also handled next to the problems of youth . It is a well known fact that in what kind of activities youth do in their leisure time is significant for both their mental and physical healthes. Because of that it has importance to take necessary precautions for youth effectively about the methods of leisure time activities. For youth’s having fruitful activities; their leisure time preferences, the factors effecting them while paticipating in the activity are to be well known. It is aimed in this paper to find out answers to these questions.
Category: Social Science

[205] viXra:1603.0082 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-05 10:36:24

Social Progress Inadequacies in The Handicapped: Benefits of Sport in Socialısing Process

Authors: Ahmet SAHIN
Comments: 9 Pages.

The handicapped are individuals who are often encountered in society, have development disabilities in various areas, and cannot benefit from many rights utilised by people with normal development due to their disabilities in question. This situation causes certain problems in handicapped individuals’ daily and social life. Social development disabilities are the main one among aforesaid problems. In many researches in body of literature, it is found that the handicapped experiences certain social problems depending on their handicap and level of disability. Various activities and therapy methods are used in supporting social development of handicapped individuals. One of these activities is sports. As known, participation in sport activities enhances people’s health quality and contributes protection of their physical and spiritual health. Sport activities are considered as a socialising means for handicapped individuals. In this research, it is aimed to evaluate effects of participation of sport activities on handicapped individuals’ socialising.
Category: Social Science

[204] viXra:1603.0081 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-05 10:37:26

Examining of Middle School Students Leisure Choice According to Gender

Authors: Mehmet TOKGOZ, Burhan DEMIROGLU, Yucel ASLAN
Comments: 5 Pages.

The purpose of this research is to examine the free time preference according to their gender of middle school students. Total 151 middle school students participated in the study Tarsus district. Free time choice questionnaire, developed by Tel (2007), was used to determine the free time of the students. Frequency and chi-square analysis was used for statistical analysis of the data obtained at SPSS 22.0 software. At the end of the study, it was found that some free time preferences wasn’t significant difference statistically by gender such as “Dealing with nothing, rest”, “Books, newspapers, magazines read”, “Listening to music or playing a musical instrument”, “TV, video monitoring”, “Going to the cinema or the theater”, “To participate in social and cultural activities”, “Spend time with family”, “Go to neighbors or relatives”, “Chatting with friends”, “Go to the cafeteria or coffee shop”, “Deal with Hobbies” (p>0.05). Whereas, it was found that some free time preferences was significant difference statistically by gender such as “Visit bazaar or shopping”, “Sports do or watch sports competitions”, “Spending time on the internet (for chat, game or hobby)” and “Go hunting (hunting land and water)” (p<0.05).
Category: Social Science

[203] viXra:1603.0080 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-05 10:38:23

To Investigate of Attitude Towards The Physical Education in Secondary Students According to Class And Gender Variables

Authors: Vedat ULUISIK
Comments: 9 Pages.

In this study, we aimed to investigate high school students' attitudes towards physical education classes. Attitudes of students were compared by sex and the class level in the study Total 150 high school students, consist of 91 women and 59 men, participated in this study. To determine the students physical education attitudes was used “Physical Education Attitude Scale” developed by Gullu & Guclu (2009). The frequency analysis, independent t test and One Way ANOVA analysis used in SPSS 22.0 data analysis software. At the end of the study, there is no significant difference in woman and men students physical education attitudes (p>0.05). Similarly, there is no statistically difference physical education attitudes according to students grade level (p>0.05). According to the results obtained, it can be said students gener status and grade level are not a significant determinant to physical education attitudes.
Category: Social Science

[202] viXra:1602.0350 [pdf] submitted on 2016-02-27 13:38:58

Forming Identity via Conflict

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 4 Pages. 3 references

To form identity requires that people experience conflict so that their boundaries and ideas can be significantly clarified. The beginnings of forming identity via conflict are with the mother/father to child roles during the child’s upbringing. Adolescence marks the beginning for forming identity. As the child grows into their new identity, they begin to form their own interests based on this identity. So it begins with conflict styles, then forms identity, then forms interests and desires on this newly created identity. This has enormous impact on what specific professions a person will undertake as well, as their identities must match their profession so they can streamline who they are with what their goals will be. As well, many conflicts in the professional world are not as reliant on interests and scarce resources as they are perceived to be, but are based almost entirely on individuals’ and groups’ collective identities.
Category: Social Science

[201] viXra:1602.0318 [pdf] submitted on 2016-02-25 01:21:46

Progress in Science is Driven by Ethics, Cerativity and Trust

Authors: Wilfried Wunderlich
Comments: 9 Pages.

Keeping the balance between two extremes in social dilemmas is essential for maintaining the progress of any society. While severe quality management and mistrust have destroyed grown overcapacities but also necessary resources in many research institutions in the last two decades, now the call for humanity and ethical principles are gaining popularity, such as work-life-balance, clear long-term perspectives for researchers, and society-driven ethical research and development. In this study the factors for creativity in science are discussed by studying the biography of physic Nobel laureates. The conclusion is that the income plays a minor role for engaged scientist, which main driving force is social acceptance.
Category: Social Science

[200] viXra:1602.0227 [pdf] submitted on 2016-02-18 07:36:01

The Components of Economic Record and the Research Object of Accounting

Authors: Aurelia Trăistaru
Comments: 6 Pages.

This study approaches issues of economic evidence and radiographs the three concepts through which can be defined the accounting object: juridical conception, economic conception, financial conception. At the same time, it researches the principles and specific procedures accounting method, ascertaining that besides specific procedures only accounting also it is appealed to general procedures for all disciplines, as well common procedures also other economic disciplines. The used method for this research is a metaanalytic one. The conclusion is that, for increasing the confidence in unalterable image (registered data in time, concrete and complete information, accounting according with juridical base, applying with honest-minded of the economic-accounting rules and procedures), has to work according with principles and procedures.
Category: Social Science

[199] viXra:1602.0226 [pdf] submitted on 2016-02-18 07:37:46

A Look on Green Marketing Management

Authors: Aurelia Trăistaru
Comments: 4 Pages.

First of all, the study radiographs Marketing status of 1980s and ascertains at that moment appeared Green Marketing through a real spiritual – material revolution. To clarify the revolutionary leap of Green Marketing is appealed to theoretic circumstance of emergence. The phenomenon through which from the elements of a low level are woken a composite of an inexplicable high level is called emergence. Through descriptive reconstruction of economical, financial, politics and technological factors evolution of 1970s is configured the idea that Green Marketing constitutes an emergence phenomenon. Second, it is catagraphied the acceptance, promotion and developing of Green Marketing in Romania. At the same time, is ascertained practically that Romanian are sensible and responsible regarding to integration in intercessions that impose by Green Marketing.
Category: Social Science

[198] viXra:1602.0225 [pdf] submitted on 2016-02-18 07:40:12

Systems of Environmental Management

Authors: Elena Antoanela Cotoc, Aurelia Trăistaru, Adriana Stoica
Comments: 10 Pages.

The advantages of adopting a system of environmental management imply that through its implementation a perfect monitoring of the environmental legislation can be achieved, having a higher juridical certainty and supplying proofs of following the laws and regulations in force. The most important advantages of an environmental system are: an appropriate care for the clients, responsibility and diligence in managing environmental issues; saving raw materials and energy; the effect of the environmental certification which does not necessarily lead to a growth in sales but which contributes anyway to the improvement of the image. Therefore the aim of the EMAS rule is promoting the continuous improvement of the environmental performances through: · development and implementation of the environmental management system, · evaluation of the environmental performances through audit, · giving to the customers the information related to the environmental performances.
Category: Social Science

[197] viXra:1602.0202 [pdf] submitted on 2016-02-17 07:05:41

The Sisyphean Economy

Authors: StephenJehucal@web.de
Comments: 10 Pages.

A remedy for the Sisyphean economy is introduced.
Category: Social Science

[196] viXra:1602.0160 [pdf] submitted on 2016-02-13 13:31:28

Choices

Authors: Sergej Plotkin
Comments: 3 Pages.

We prove that a person has no any free choice as one might think. Everything what a person does at the moment is a consequence of a person past deeds and thoughts.
Category: Social Science

[195] viXra:1602.0070 [pdf] submitted on 2016-02-06 06:42:34

Sociological Explanation of Fear of Crime in Public Spaces Case Study Mashhad

Authors: Mahdie Rezvani
Comments: 30 Pages.

Fear of crime in public places is a social issue that reduces access to the public places and limits the interactions with these places. Fear has significantly affected the city appearance, civil design and spatial distribution of the residences. The conception of security in urban spaces is on one hand related to the crime and on the other hand to the concept of facing the crime (victimization) and fear of crime encountering. The research method is surveying and the information collection technique is through questionnaire. Probable span sampling (PPS) method is used. Sample population was 200 household which were selected randomly in five categorical clusters from Mashhad city. In addition to investigating structural factors, the purpose of the research is studying reactive components affecting fear of crime among people in public places inside and outside the neighborhood. Independent variable of the research includes two general classes of reactive and structural factors and the interaction between them which reactive factors consist of: Vulnerability, victimization, gender ratio of the place, age ratio of the place, mental image of the place, activity in the place, cumulative effectiveness, and residency duration in the place and perceiving the risk of the crime. Structural factors include: visual penetration of the place, variation of place usage, non-defensed areas and place rank. The interaction between subjective and structural factors is considered as independent variable which includes: disorder and effectiveness, gender ratio and vulnerability, age ratio and vulnerability, place rank and vulnerability. Place rank among all other structural factors has the greatest effect on the fear of crime in public places outside the neighborhood. It means that by increasing place's rank of people residential area their fear of crime is decreased. The presence of non-defended areas (as one of the structural characteristics of the place), the sense of the place (one of the mental images of the people from the place) and activity and participation of the individuals in the place are three basic factors forming the concept of a place which have significant effect on the fear of crime within the neighborhoods. The effect of social capital (trust and support) as another effective structural factor on fear of crime in public area within the neighborhoods is approved. Victimization experience is also recognized as a predictor of fear of crime in multi variable analysis of public places inside and outside the neighborhood. Spatial factor's effects on fear of crime in public places inside and outside the neighborhoods show that structural and spatial characteristics of the residence area also affect fear of crime significantly. There is a relation between fear of crime and spatial view and fear of crime is also affected by spatial configuration. Variable of spatial legibility has reductive effect on fear of crime in public places within the neighborhood. Visual accessibility and public place lighting for the people also reduce fear of crime among the people within the neighborhoods. The relation between the movement and the presence of people in the place with the fear of crime outside the neighborhoods is approved. Among social factors, economic-social position of the people has reverse relation with fear of crime. Among reactive factors, the more is the understanding of the people from the crime occurrence in their neighborhoods, the more is the fear of crime in public places outside the neighborhood. Variables of victimization, local legibility, social capital of the neighborhood, informal social control and gender ratio of the place among other reactive factors and variables of usage variation of the place, visual penetration of the place among other structural factors in the model of fear of crime in public places within the neighborhood have significant relation with fear of cri, in public places within the neighborhoods. Also the interaction between variables of vulnerability and gender ration of the place, of disorder and informal social control and of disorder and social capital of the neighborhood has no effect on fear of crime in public places within the neighborhoods. Finally, those variables of structural and reactive classes which are effective and significant are supported to reduce fear of crime.
Category: Social Science

[194] viXra:1601.0311 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-28 13:23:26

Explanation Why “when One Takes Money he Becomes a Slave” Using Automata Theory and Van Der Pol Equation

Authors: Nikolaj Roerich
Comments: 5 Pages.

Using automata theory and Van Der Pol equation theory we explain why “when one takes money he becomes a slave” (this formula is universal and there is no one who can escape this law): when one takes money he inevitably makes more complexity into his life, by this his way of thinking becomes a cycle (he does not see the reality anymore), and therefore he has no really new ideas never, he falls into complete illusion that he achieves something. This article describes the meaning of the following Buddha’s story: Prince Gautama who had become Buddha saw one of his followers meditating under a tree at the edge of the Ganges river. pon inquiring why he was meditating, his follower stated he was attempting to become so enlightened he could cross the river unaided. Buddha gave him a few pennies and said: "Why don't you seek passage with that boatman. It is much easier." As one can see the modern civilization result is actually “three pennies” because this civilization is in the cycle for several thousands years.
Category: Social Science

[193] viXra:1601.0290 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-26 10:08:06

Superpowers, Soft Power and Smart Analytics

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 14 Pages.

As a testimony to this growth of the ‘soft power’ culture fueled by progress in information technology, the present work presented Google Search Trend Results of three countries – Russia, China and India, all three member of the BRICS and often visualized as the past, present and future superpowers respectively. The time period of 2012-2016 was chosen for the analysis, and search trend data from 13 other countries (USA, UK, Brazil, France, Germany, Japan, Indonesia, Australia, Pakistan, Nigeria, Mexico, Vietnam and Turkey) are chosen, owing to various factors such as internet penetration, representative of American, Latin American, European, Australian, West, South, East and Southeast Asian perceptions, and population among the world’s top 20. On comparing Russia, India and China among global search trends between 2004 and 2016, it is seen that India clearly leads the other two nations by a significant amount, possessing a steadily increasing trend over the years. Overall, it is clearly evident that India leads by example in establishing the “Soft Power” Culture on the global platform. Apart from its own population of 1.2 billion, clearly a lot of expectant eyes and hearts are set to welcome India as the next Superpower, in the dawn of an era characterized by culture, soft power, fueled by rapid advancement and progress of information technology, with reduced violence and muddled borders, and advancing human civilization to the next level. Jai Hind!
Category: Social Science

[192] viXra:1601.0224 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-21 12:46:56

He Views of The Teachers Related To The Newly Constructed 3rd Grade Social Studies And Science Classes

Authors: Murat CALISOGLU, Tolga TORTUM, Fatih ERISMIS, Derya KOCYIGIT
Comments: 11 Pages.

In this study, it was aimed to determine the teachers’s views related to the science class curriculum which was separated from social studies class in 2014-2015 academic years with the change of the education system of Turkey. The study has been conducted with the teachers who gave 3rd grade social studies class before and with the 3rd grade teachers who currently gives the social studies class. To analyse the data, descriptive analysis was used in this correlational survey. 5 open-ended questions developed by the researchers were asked to the teachers and the answers were recorded with a recorder and the interviews were put in writing. As a result of the study, it was determined that the views of the teachers related to the renewed science class curriculum are generally positive. However, it was also determined that the teachers talk about shortcomings such as decreasing the weekly course hours and the number of acquisitions, adding a workbook and lack of material. Keywords: Science, views of the teachers, social studies
Category: Social Science

[191] viXra:1601.0223 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-21 12:48:24

Investigation As Some Variables of Assertiveness Levels at Deaf Athletes

Authors: Meric ERASLAN, Murat OZMADEN, Mehmet BAYANSALDUZ, Mehmet GOKTEPE, Ibrahim Ilhami KOC
Comments: 8 Pages.

The aim of this research is to examine the assertiveness levels of the hearing impaired sports persons according to the gender, the year of making sports and the sports branch. Among the people who make sports regularly and have hearing impairment, totally 173 hearing impaired sports persons participated in the research who were invited to the national team camp. In the determination of the sports persons’ assertiveness levels, the Rathus Assertiveness Inventory was used. In the statistical analysis of the data which were obtained, the Frequency, Mann Whitney U and Kruskal Wallis H analyses were used. At the end of the research, it was fixed that the assertiveness levels of the sports persons with hear impairment were low. It was determined that the assertiveness levels of the sports persons revealed no significant difference statistically according to their genders. Besides this, it was concluded that the assertiveness levels of these sports persons revealed no significance difference statistically according to their years of making sports and the sports branch they were interested in. (p>0.05). As a result, it was concluded that the demographic variables which were discussed in the research, are not important determinants on the assertiveness levels of the hearing impaired individuals. Keywords: Hearing impaired individuals, sports, assertiveness
Category: Social Science

[190] viXra:1601.0222 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-21 12:49:47

Computer Assisted Learning Methods’ Effects On Students Success During Science Courses - A Literature Search

Authors: Huseyin Talha GULSOY, Rasim ONDER
Comments: 13 Pages.

Education is an important and indispensable part of community life. There is a linear relationship between the development levels of society and the level of education they receive.Therefore, the quality of education services offered to people in the provision of social development is very important. Technological elements which entered into every part of human life in recent years has been used in the training of education department as well . In particular, it is seen that the increasingly widespread use of computer-assisted instructional materials in training education. In some of the researches of literature ıt has been found out that the use of the computer support field research courses increase the academic achievement of students in an educational environment, improve their motivation and attitudes towards the course which is determined to increase the retention of learned information. Also computer-aided instructional materials used commonly in science teaching. As in other courses in science courses ıt is also noted that there is the positive impact of computer use on student achievement. Findings located in the literature research also support this view. In this research ıt is aimed to evaluate the effects on student achievements of science courses in computer-aided instructional materials. Keywords: Computer-assisted education, science education, student achievement
Category: Social Science

[189] viXra:1601.0221 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-21 12:51:00

The Choice of Free Time Activity of Secondary School Students According to Gender Variable Examination (Example of Tarsus)

Authors: Mehmet TOKGOZ, Mehmet SEYRAN, Sahika YILDIRIM, Burhan DEMIROGLU
Comments: 16 Pages.

In this study, secondary school students according to gender variable was to investigate recreational preferences. In this study 105 women and 48 men enrolled at Tarsus Ayhan Bozpınar Anatolian high school Research a total of 153 secondary school students who participated. Students have the choice of free time activity in the determination of Tel (2007) were used in the survey was developed by leisure. Statical analysis of the results was accomplished using frequency and chi-square analysis with SPSS 15.0 program. At the end of the study, the students most frequently in their preferred leisure-time activities listening to music or playing a musical instrument, spending time with family, chatting with friends, leisurely activities and hobbies to spend time on the internet deal with and it was determined that came. Students at a low level to their preferred leisure-time activities for the rest of the cinema or Theatre, go to the bazaar and Sunday sightseeing, shopping, going to visit neighbors or relatives, it was determined that activities such as it came. Female students who participated in the research also viewing TV and video, books, newspapers and magazines (p<0.05), male students more often preferred leisure activities such as reading, sport and sport competitions, monitoring, participation in social and cultural activities, go to the cafeteria or the coffee shop, a bar, a casino and activities such as going on a hunt or go to the pub when compared with female students, male students more often it has been found that it is preferred (p<0.05). Keywords: Secondary education, recreation, gender
Category: Social Science

[188] viXra:1601.0220 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-21 12:52:09

Importance of Sports in Preventing Aggressive Behavior Among Young People

Authors: Tonguc VARDAR
Comments: 9 Pages.

It is known that aggressive behavior among youth has increased in recent years. There are many factors that contribute to the increasein aggressive behavior among youth. Primary factors among these are environmental factors, social structure, domestic factors, harmful habits, substance abuse, social circle, negative effects of technologic developments and some psychological problems. Due to the increase in aggressive behavior among youth, it has become necessary to take some measures in order to minimalize aggressive behavior. One of the effective factors in decreasing aggressive behavior in youth is sports. Conducted research shows that participation in sports activities supports decreasing aggressive behavior in youth. This research focuses on the advantages of sports in preventing aggressive behavior in youth. Findings of research conducted in the light of relevant literature are evaluated within the scope of this research. Keywords: Youth, aggressive behavior, sports
Category: Social Science

[187] viXra:1601.0204 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-18 15:13:54

Four Theories with Potential for Success Within the Relation Practice with the Touristic Products Consumer

Authors: Aurelia Dumitru, Marioara Avram, Marian Siminică
Comments: 11 Pages.

This study explores the main theories with incidence in describing, explaining and predicting behavior of touristic services consumer’s. The research method is of meta-analysis type. Our study assumes that consumers’ perceptions and beliefs play an important role in the decision to become a beneficiary of a tourist service offered by a travel company or by a touristic services intermediary. The literature retains several models that explain the relationship between consumers’ behavior and information promotion of touristic product. There are four theories underlying the action of implementing these models subsequent to the idea of consumer’s behavior: Selective Attention Theory, Congruity Principle Balance Theory, Cognitive Dissonance Theory. After exploring the potential of these theories in order to generate a competitive advantage for tourism service providers it is concluded that the convergent use of these four theories of planning, organizing, implementing, managing and controlling the marketing touristic activities is the method with the most significant impact on the behavior of travel services consumer.
Category: Social Science

[186] viXra:1601.0203 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-18 15:16:40

About the Name of Actually Communication Studying Discipline

Authors: Ștefan Vlăduțescu
Comments: 7 Pages.

This study explores the literature on the name of discipline which seeks communication. It notes that there are various names designating this subject: Communication Theory, Communication Science, Sciences de l'Information et of Communication (SIC), Communicology, Communication studies. It appears, then, that the discipline dealing with the phenomena of communication is (along with Psychology, Anthropology and Sociology) a social science. There is that, although seem to refer to one and the same phenomenon of communication, referred disciplines not examine the communication as a whole, but focuses on different areas; ie they are fragmented. Starting from the origin and connection (Lat. "Communis" + the Gr. Word "logos" "speech, thought, study") and making use of the analogy of Sociology (Latin word "Socius" + Gr. "Logos" ) and Anthropology (Gr. "anthropos" + "logos") is seeking a convergence of names. It is estimated that it should reach convergence in respect of at least two criteria: the study of communication as a whole and understanding communication as a multi-structured universe. Such criteria somehow it would comply with a title like "Strong Communication Science Communicology". Yet the question persists and therefore the future must be sought arguments to name a possible unitary communication science.
Category: Social Science

[185] viXra:1601.0202 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-18 15:18:54

The Liminality as Means of Mass Media for Transform of a Daily Event in Ritual

Authors: Bianca Teodorescu, Oprea Valentin Bușu
Comments: 8 Pages.

The aim of this study is to underline the effective used of liminality by mass media for transform in ritual a daily event. Theoretical backgound is constituted by concept of liminality which was launched by Arnold Van Gennep and was developed by Victor Turner (who has named the concept of the liminality – liminoid). In this framework, the study proves that in contemporary society, mass media are commited as responsible for mediatization of rituals in distinctive ceremonials: social, political, religious, and other. When people are watching television, they are introduced, by the media, in a liminal space, where they get to be members in the act of rites of passage. From the moment when their attention is enthralled by what is on television, people are induced in an ambiguous state; they are separated from reality. The media creates for each important ritualised ceremonial, the necessary time, in order to create a subjection of the public. In the contemporary society our basic activities are, in fact, rituals.
Category: Social Science

[184] viXra:1601.0201 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-18 15:20:57

Functions of Communication: an Organizational Communication Case

Authors: Ștefan Vlăduțescu
Comments: 9 Pages.

This study aims to clarify the core functions of human communication. The method used is complex and consists of critical analysis and synthesis of the views expressed by leading specialists in settling elements of convergence and divergence and configure a wide set of admissible functions and practices observed. On compatible functions and apply practices observed in the second stage, a set of procedures for corroboration, collation and confrontation with communication phenomenology. Finally, are retained as general functions of communication: relationship (networking) function, and “communization” (sharing) function. We check viability and generality of these functions on an example of organizational communication.
Category: Social Science

[183] viXra:1601.0195 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-17 18:28:57

Karma, the Past and the History

Authors: Janis Belov
Comments: 3 Pages.

Using mathematical methods we show that two solutions of Maxwell's equations correspond to two time directions. One comes as an echo from a Divine word that marks all the thoughts and deads as bad or good by this forming Karma that also Richard Feynman was speaking about. Everything in the Universe is built as a Wave - some solution of corresponding equations such as Schrodinger equations with some Hamiltonian (see eg. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schr%C3%B6dinger_equation#/media/File:StationaryStatesAnimation.gif). So, the Universe is actually some Hilbert space of such waves, in other words information, or Turing Machine that created and creates that space and all its elements (people, animals, plants and so on). The surrounding world is only a mirror - "Big TV" - that shows everything and teaches people. Due to people decided not to look into the mirror there is a gap or duality in the human conscience called Karma. The same as well-known duality in Quantum Physics. The article shows that there is no duality and that there is always the Watcher who sees All.
Category: Social Science

[182] viXra:1601.0194 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-17 18:40:25

Information Society

Authors: Janis Belov
Comments: 3 Pages.

using well-known method of "Fire triangle" we show that in “Building Information Society” process people loose Freedom. Also, the average prosperity level goes to zero. As a result they become robots. The final result is a Universal Automaton (UA) that just produces copies of itself.
Category: Social Science

[181] viXra:1601.0192 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-17 18:54:06

Systems and Turing Machine

Authors: Nikolaj Roerich
Comments: 3 Pages.

Using methods of Computational theory we show the possibilities in the society development.
Category: Social Science

[180] viXra:1601.0185 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-17 12:48:17

Technology, Innovation and Culture

Authors: Bo Mann
Comments: 86 Pages.

We show how to distinguish illusiion and reality. We use method up-and-down with a small number of samples due to limited availability of those. In the study we compare actual and expected results.
Category: Social Science

[179] viXra:1601.0120 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-12 02:28:12

Real Assets.Real Bubbles.Real Cycles.

Authors: Stephen I. Ternyik
Comments: 10 Pages.

The real asset approach towards bubbles and cycles as consequently crisis is explained by the monetary mechanism of economic rent from the land value of natural resources and locational value of buildings, i.e. further capital formation is inhibited by this kind of value extraction from the working body economic in physical patterns of cyclical crises.
Category: Social Science

[178] viXra:1601.0118 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-11 13:45:07

Aristotelian Opening Way and Actual Argumentation and Demonstration’s Profile

Authors: Ștefan Vlăduțescu, Janusz Grabara, Sebastian Kot
Comments: 13 Pages.

This study reveals Aristotle's modeling contribution to the establishment of a recognizable figure of argumentation and demonstration. These two ways of imposing an idea configure similarly: from the premises, relying on principles and with the help of some rules of inference arguments are presented which induce, inevitably or within the truth limits, a conclusion. Aristotle introduces the concept of topos, and a canon of argumentation and a canon demonstration are delineated. For stated figures of argumentation and demonstration, the Aristotelian canons constitute the first opening look.
Category: Social Science

[177] viXra:1601.0102 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-10 08:52:42

Chaos Theory, Society and Law: A New Paradigm

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 8 Pages.

The present work presents an insight into how complexity, chaos and nonlinear dynamics play a crucial role in determining the co-evolution of the society-and-law system. The paradigm shift obtained from a reductionist dominant to a holistic dynamical systems approach entails reversing a “reductionist funnel” to ensure better balance and coordination among the freedom, rights and regulations attractors, driving socio-legal principles in the context of human free will. Also, the significance of freedom-right-regulation balance in socio-legal design in the context of various Indian philosophy schools are understood.
Category: Social Science

[176] viXra:1601.0059 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-07 12:26:20

Lost in Translation or Psychoanalysis of Egoism

Authors: Janis Belov
Comments: 2 Pages.

We prove that current world people conscience leaves in duality.
Category: Social Science

[175] viXra:1601.0058 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-07 12:30:28

Exponential Growth of Garbage of World Economics

Authors: Janis Belov
Comments: 2 Pages.

We prove that World economics development results in exponental growth of garbage.
Category: Social Science

[174] viXra:1601.0056 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-07 07:53:38

Proof that Work Cost is Illusion

Authors: Janis Belov
Comments: 2 Pages.

How much does the work of a sanitary worker cost? In new European union countries it costs 100 eur for two days work to reinstall the water pipes in bath and kitchen, and in old European country to suck sewage from the ground sewer costs 300 eur for 10 min, and sanitary hourly work is about 70 eur. One can ask why is so huge difference? The materials are the same, the technology is the same. What makes that difference? Is the cost of work just an illusion as Karl Marx wrote in Capital that capitalists manipulate so well. In this article, we show that there is a Law that proves that Work Cost is Illusion. The work cost is proprotional to the number of rules of the underlied economical system.
Category: Social Science

[173] viXra:1601.0042 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-05 20:56:52

Cultural Advantage as a Postcolonial Resistance

Authors: Victor Christianto
Comments: 5 Pages. This is draft version, noit submitted yet to any journal

In accordance with Edward Said’s Culture and Imperialism, it has become more obvious that culture is a vehicle of imperialism all over the world through globalization. Or, in the context of postcolonial studies, there are dominance and resistance movement around everything in this world’s history. Similarly, there are cultural dominance and cultural resistance. In this paper, I argue that the term of Cultural Advantage which I and Prof. Florentin Smarandache coined back in 2008, can be a postcolonial resistance, i.e. a method which can be used by developing and under-developing countries (especially in Asia) to resist the globalization of culture brought by the First World Countries. In this paper, I first discuss why Postcolonialism matters.
Category: Social Science

[172] viXra:1601.0029 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-05 12:11:28

Economic Rent in Pakistan

Authors: Stephen I. Ternyik
Comments: 7 Pages.

The economic problem of rent in Pakistan is being explored, with reference to South Asian development.
Category: Social Science

[171] viXra:1601.0022 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-04 06:33:20

Sociology, Information and Language Games

Authors: Janis Belov
Comments: 6 Pages.

using mathematical methods we prove that technological process leads to Chaos. Moreover, we prove that anything that is built upon arithemtic leads to Chaos.
Category: Social Science

[170] viXra:1601.0021 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-04 06:35:52

The Future of Craftmanship

Authors: Janis Belov
Comments: 7 Pages.

Using methods of Thermodynamics we show that Egoism of one leads to poverty and suffer of others. We show that if the number of personal contacts decreases the society becomes the least effective society that produces no value.
Category: Social Science

[169] viXra:1512.0469 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-29 08:23:31

Functions and Forms of Managerial Communication

Authors: Ștefan Vlăduțescu, Ilie Budică, Aurelia Dumitru, Georgiana Camelia Stănescu
Comments: 11 Pages.

This study is circumscribed to the domain of organizational communication and it is located within the specific field of managerial communication. It aims to clarify the purpose, functions and forms of managerial communication. The central approach is one of clarification and classification; in this respect, the approach is one of ontology of managerial communication (ontology includes vocabulary, terminology, classifications and typologies of a knowledge field). The research method that is used is complex and consists of a mix of meta-analytic procedures, procedures for collation, corroboration and synthesis procedures. Specialty literature is subject to a radiographic view in order to delineate ideas, opinions and theses related to the topic. Finally, our contribution consists of a) revealing, that managerial communication fulfills seven functions (information, decision transmission, influence, instruction, image, motivation, promotion) and c) in emphasizing that managerial communication is presented under seven forms (internal, external, vertical, horizontal, diagonal, linear, bipolar, and network communication).
Category: Social Science

[168] viXra:1512.0385 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-21 09:15:35

Liminality and Neutrosophy

Authors: Bianca Teodorescu
Comments: 3 Pages.

This study is an application of Neutrosophy in the sphere of liminality. First, the aim of this study is to underline the importance of the concept of Neutrosophy that was intro-duced by the professor Florentin Smarandache correlated with the concept of the liminality. According to Arnold Van Gennep and Victor Turner, in the liminality, the rituals are conducted to put the people in an ambiguous state where everything there is not true or neither false and meaning that the threshold state is neutral. Rituals, myths or rites are representing indeed a form of communication, but on an unclear level, determined by the uncertainty. Liminality has a part which is working under the uncer-tainty’s rules of Neutrosophy: when a person is participat-ing in the rituals, he is searching a truth and risk a false. This means that the threshold state is improving the per-ception of the people from the moment when starts a ritu-al. But the threshold state can be generated also by the media. Rituals of the mass media are created in order to change the society’s perception, persuading the idea of what is true and false.
Category: Social Science

[167] viXra:1512.0324 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-14 17:36:29

Paraphysical Jurisprudent Massacre Mediation

Authors: Richard L. Amoroso
Comments: 16 Pages.

It is possible and thereby feasible to develop and implement a pragmatic methodology for a preemptive evidentiary system of ‘Paraphysical Jurisprudence’ for mediating the occurrence of massacres. A required comprehensive completion and formalizing of the tools of epistemology (theory of knowledge) already exists and has been tested both ecumenically and scientifically. The evolution of epistemology has followed the historical progression from myth and superstition to logic and reason to empiricism and now finally to the utility of ‘transcendence’ as a tool in knowledge acquisition. An inspiring example from popular culture is illustrated in the 2002 Hollywood film noir “Minority Report” designed by its director to present a ‘plausible future world’ for the year 2054 wherein an elaborate ‘Precrime Unit’ is tested to prevent murder by utilizing a trio of ‘precogs’ bathed in a ‘photonic milk’ able to presciently predetermine impending occurrences of homicide for which the Precrime Police Unit then intervenes to prevent. Disdain for a putative so-called scientific metaphysics by natural philosophers is deeply rooted in modern pragmatic societies; perhaps rightly so as consistency, credibility and lack of a comprehensive theory has been heretofore emphatically lacking. In addition to the major problem of repeatability is the perceived distinction between domains of the physical and so-called ‘spiritual’ as mutually exclusive. In this work a strong case is made for the rigorous viability and near term putative implementation of a system of paraphysical jurisprudence drawing on the utility of a panoply of concepts. The remaining question is when does feasible become practical in the face of a steady increase in the heinous massacre of innocents?
Category: Social Science

[166] viXra:1512.0114 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-03 22:51:10

Danger of Big Discovery

Authors: Evgeny A. Novikov
Comments: 1 Page.

How nice is to make a small discovery. Journals are happy to publish your papers. Respect and friendliness surround you, grants are coming to you...a Paradise! Not so, if you make a big discovery. Everybody suspects that you are impudent, cheat or crazy. Journals reject your papers without review. No respect, no support...a Hell!
Category: Social Science

[165] viXra:1511.0301 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-30 21:26:08

The True Riches of Japan: High Tech and Natural Energy Can Secure Japan's Peace and Prosperity, and Give a New Sustainable Peace and Prosperity Dimension to Its Overseas Development Aid

Authors: Eckhard Hitzer
Comments: 3 Pages. Peace Reports of the International Christian University Peace Research Institute, Vol. 10, No. 2, Oct. 2015, pp. 9-11, 1 figure.

Japan has a worldwide reputation as high technology nation. This is especially true for sustainable energy technology. Sustainable and renewable energy is carbon-neutral, climate protecting, the actual fuel is either cost-free (essentially forms of solar energy and geothermal energy) or substantially cheaper than fossil fuel and unlimited in supply. Only investments into facilities for converting renewable energy to electricity and heat and their maintenance are required. Regarding geothermal energy, Japan is located on the edges of four tectonic plates and is ranked third world wide in volcanic activity. Its underground is very hot. Regarding wind power, a Japan Wind Power Association (industry) study of May 2014 [11] states that by 2050 Japan may develop up to 75 GW of wind power capacity from currently only 2.789 GW. Moreover, the development of sufficient sustainable domestic renewable energy sources, has the undeniable potential to ease international relations, calm tensions, and eliminate a key motivation for armed conflict in the 21st century. The choice is between an ever more expensive import of fossil fuel or that we begin today to invest into our own energy potentials, building a new supply infrastructure, thereby permanently reducing energy import dependence. Finally, as much as Renewable Energy can secure the peace of Japan, renewable energy related Overseas Development Aid can also contribute to economic stability and peace in developing countries.
Category: Social Science

[164] viXra:1511.0299 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-30 13:27:56

To Investigate Psychological Well Being According To Age, Gender And Sport Make Sitution Physical Education And Sports Department Students

Authors: Meric ERASLAN
Comments: 8 Pages.

The aim of this study to investigate the level of psychological well being in Physical education and sport department student. Total 306 students joined who Gazi University School of Physical Education and Sports College students in this study. For researches data collection Psychological Well-Being Scale were used. The data obtained by the SPSS 17.0 software for statistical analysis, frequency analysis, independent t test and One Way ANOVA was used. At the end of the study, were found that women's psychological well-being is significantly more higher than the male participants to be significantly (p <0.05). It found that participants psychological well being levels do not statistically significant as licensed sport make sitution (p> 0.05). In addition to psychological state of the participants according to age groups it was found that no statistically significant difference (p> 0.05). Keywords: Sports, psychological well being, age, gender
Category: Social Science

[163] viXra:1511.0298 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-30 13:29:31

The Evaluation of The Problems Releated To The Women’s Not Being Able To Participate in Recreation Activities

Authors: Berrin GÜNER
Comments: 8 Pages.

The term ‘‘Recreation’’ is defined as people’s participating in some kind of activities in their free time of their own accords to gain their body and soul health which are destroyed in time because of some reasons ( Koçyiğit& Yıldız 2014). And there is an increase in free time duration out of work so people can participate in recreation activities more and more. There creation activities which are originally free time activities affect the lives of people positively. Recreation activities which are mostly physical body activities affect the human health positively from many aspects. However there are many factors which prevent people participating in recreation activities. Especially women have trouble when they want to take part in recreationactivities .Theycan’ttakepart in recreationactivities as theywishcomfortably in this social structure. In this paper it is aimed to evaluate the problems of women releated to not being able to participate in recreation activities. Keywords: Woman, freetime, recreation
Category: Social Science

[162] viXra:1511.0297 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-30 13:30:45

Investigation of Warm Up And Cooling Habits And Knowledge Levels in Boxing Sport Athletes

Authors: Mesut HEKİM
Comments: 12 Pages.

Boxing athletes warming and information on habits determination, besides aimed to investigate on heating and cooling habits sports in this research. A total of 49 male boxers participated in the study. Consisting of 19 questions questionnaire was used as data collection. SPSS 22.0 software was used for data analysis. Frequency and chi-square analyzes were used. At the end of the study it was determined that warm-up high levels before training and competition in boxer. Similarly, the athletes have been found often make cool exercise. The knowledge about the heating and cooling operation is determined to be high in athletes. Only sport-specific warm-up and stretching exercises / stretching has been found to have low level. In addition, determined that the warming habits not influence the year to deal with sports in athletes. Keywords: Sport, sports warm-up, cooling down
Category: Social Science

[161] viXra:1511.0296 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-30 13:32:18

To Evaluation Dimensions of Turkish Football Fan Violence And Factors Affecting Fans Violent

Authors: Servet REYHAN
Comments: 12 Pages.

The aim of this study to evaluate the size of violent football fans in Turkey, the factors influencing the severity fans as well. It has been reached on the issue as priority in the survey research. According to the relevant literature, football violence, the size of the crowd violence, factors affecting crowd violence, some topics have been created in the form of research on the subject. When the research findings assessment, it found that the media, the attitude of the referees, the club manager attitudes and discourses, rival supporters, team's poor play and a variety of socio-demographic factors influencing the football fans violence in Turkey. The aggressive behavior of their fans were found to be verbal aggressive behavior commonly. It was determined that a high level of involvement in the crime fans. Keywords: Sports, football, fan violence
Category: Social Science

[160] viXra:1511.0295 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-30 13:34:08

Evaluation of The Sportmanship Behaviors of The Secondary School Students in Terms of Different Variables

Authors: Umut SEZER, Arıkan EKTİRİCİ, Ayşe Feray ÖZBAL, Kadir ATLI
Comments: 10 Pages.

The aim of this study is to investigate sportsmanship behaviors of secondary school students in terms of different variables. The study was conducted on 424 female, 429 male total 853 secondary school students. “Sportspersonship Behavior Scale in Physical Education Course” which is developed by Koç (2015) is used as data collection tool. T-test and ANOVA were used in the data analyses. As a result of the analysis significant difference was found between groups according to gender, grade level, mother’s education level, father’s education level, academic achievement level, physical education and sports teacher’s gender, the occasion of viewing the sports competition from the bleacher variables (p<.05). Keywords: Fair-Play, Sportsmanship, Behavior, Physical Education, Sports
Category: Social Science

[159] viXra:1511.0294 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-30 13:35:41

Investigation of Stress And Aggression Level of High School Students In Terms of Some Variables

Authors: Vedat ULUIŞIK, Kadir PEPE
Comments: 13 Pages.

The purpose of this study is to examine stress and aggression levels of high school students in sport making sitution. Totally 365 students, taking education at different education institution in Burdur city center, participated to study. “Stress at Working Life” scale developed by Odabaşı (2006) was used to identify students’ stress levels. “Aggression Scale” developed by Buss and Perry (1992) was used to identify students’ aggression levels. SPSS 22.0 for Windows program was used in statistical analysis of data obtained from research. In the end of research, it was established that students’ aggression level is represented significant difference as their, participation type of sport and interested sport type (p<0,05). It was established that students’ stress level is represented significant difference as their, interested sport type (p<0,05). It was found that participation type of sport does not affect students’ stress level (p>0,05). As a result, it may be said that participation to sport in high school students have affects on stress and aggression level. Keywords: High school students, sport, stress, aggression
Category: Social Science

[158] viXra:1511.0199 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-20 20:14:18

Emotions, Self-Interest and Self-Worth in Minimal Bargaining Interactions

Authors: Ramzi Suleiman, Yuval Samid
Comments: 40 Pages.

Studies on the ultimatum game explain the rejection of low offers as costly punishment imposed by responders on unfair proposers. It is also argued that negative emotions serve as the proximate mechanism for such behavior. This article reports two experimental studies demonstrating that the rejection of low offers is also driven by a desire to maintain a sense of self-worth and that negative emotions alone are poor predictors of responders’ rejections. For this purpose we used a novel variant of the ultimatum game, in which rejecting an offer results in the proposer keeping the entire amount, thus eliminating the possibility of punishment and replacing it with a possible positive reinforcement. Although rejections entail rewarding the proposers instead of punishing them, a sizable percentage of the responders rejected low offers. Accepting low offers was found to be associated with the desire for profit maximization, while rejecting similarly low offers was associated with the desire to maintain self-worth. The evolutionary puzzle of rejecting low offers, even at a cost of rewarding unfair proposers, is resolved by adopting a wider framework of human interactions; one which accounts not only for the bearing of an interaction on the players' material capital, but also on their symbolic capital. Within such a framework, the rejection of low offers in the investigated game, as in many significant real-life situations, is explained as costly signals aimed at protecting attributes of symbolic capital, such as self-worth, status and prestige.
Category: Social Science

[157] viXra:1511.0132 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-16 09:23:51

Minimal Being as Implosion of Communication

Authors: Dan Valeriu Voinea, Elena Rodica Opran, Ștefan Vlăduțescu
Comments: 7 Pages.

This study examines the poetry specific of one of greatest contemporary Romanian poets, Ioan Es. Pop. It follows that the Ioan Es. Popřs senses lyrics becomes a lyric of subsenses, of blunt senses. This lyric is one of the minimal being in continuous contraction, retreat, under an increasingly pressing fatigue. Its voice is modulated by the direct effects of phenomena that affect the senses: fatigue, drink, sleepiness, reverie, aging, anesthesia. In poetical and generating order the major Ioan Es. Popřs contribution is concept introducing of Ŗeidosŗ minimal being.
Category: Social Science

[156] viXra:1511.0069 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-08 12:03:06

Communicative Message as Nuclear Thinking of an Aspirational Desire

Authors: Ștefan Vlăduțescu
Comments: 16 Pages.

The paper is positioned in the Fundamentals of Communication Science zone. The approach is message-meanings centered and assumes that, at meta-analytic level, the message is the nucleus of communication. The first axiomatic finding is that, on semantic dimension, the message is an edifice of meanings. A second axiomatic finding is that, on operational dimension, the message is common construction of communicators. A third axiomatic finding is that, on ontological dimension, the message has no independent existance; as volatile as the meaning, the message takes the concrete form of discourse. A fourth axiomatic finding is that, on the pragmatic dimension, efficient and effective message is given that speech with which it is trained is planned and prepared in advance. Finally, fifth axiomatic finding is that the message is articulated threefold: cognitive, affective and volitional, ie communicative message is nuclear thinking of an aspirational desire.
Category: Social Science

[155] viXra:1511.0068 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-08 12:05:00

A Battle with Uncertainty 1 of Communication as an Academic Discipline: Title Uncertainty

Authors: Ștefan Vlăduțescu
Comments: 11 Pages.

The study falls within the basic research component of General Communication Science and deals with one of the major ontological uncertainty of communication as an academic discipline: uncertainty about the title. It is considered a meta-analysis of denominative options. First, it appears that, in fact, there are four communication uncertainties: uncertainty regarding title, uncertainty about status, uncertainty of place and uncertainty of unificationfragmentation. Then in a constructive-cognitive-cogitative approach of titles under which communication is studied (“Communication”, “Communication theory”, “Communicology”, “Communication study”, “Communication studies”, “Communication science”, "Sciences de l' information et de la communication"); it highlights the uncertainty on the title. Our meta-analytic approach is to remove a few nuclei of certainty from the mass of uncertainty. From these ideational formations of certainty crystallized by meta-analysis General Communication Science results a possible, rigorous, robust, flexible and convergent title, consisting of Fundamental Communication Science, Applied Communication Research and "Grounded Practical" Communication Application. The war with the uncertainties must continue: the other three are to be studied.
Category: Social Science

[154] viXra:1511.0033 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-03 11:50:43

Există O Lume Mai Bună, Dar Este Foarte Scumpă. Folclor Umoristic Internetist (Xiii),

Authors: Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 652 Pages.

Prezentul volum este al treisprezecelea volum din seria de folclor umoristic internetist. Materialele prezentate sunt, pe de o parte, oferite spre divertisment personal, pe de altă parte, sunt doar o bucată a unei cercetări sistematice a fenomenului umoristic la români (aşa cum se exprimă acesta prin bancuri). Textele şi fotografiile din seria antologiilor de folclor umoristic au fost primite de la cunoscuţi şi necunoscuţi prin e-mail sau culese din reţele de socializare.
Category: Social Science

[153] viXra:1510.0496 [pdf] submitted on 2015-10-29 07:59:49

Creativity in Social Sciences

Authors: C. M. Bunăiaşu, E. R. Opran, D. V. Voinea
Comments: 366 Pages.

CLAUDIU MARIAN BUN Ă IA Ș U ELENA RODICA OPRAN DAN VALERIU VOINEA (EDITORS) CREATIVITY IN SOCIAL SCIENCES [The Proceedings of CIL 2015: Second Edition of International Conference of Humanities and Social Sciences - Creativity, Imaginary, Language , Craiova, Romania, 15-16 May 2015 (www.cilconference.ro)]
Category: Social Science

[152] viXra:1510.0485 [pdf] submitted on 2015-10-28 20:27:13

Exploring Nonlinear Analysis in Cartography and Vexillology

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 6 Pages.

The nonlinear analysis techniques have accelerated and enhanced man’s understanding of underlying system dynamics, evolution and patterns. The present work pertains to the unprecedented exploration of nonlinear analysis in two geography-oriented disciplines – cartography and vexillology. Specifically, the tools of fractal dimension and entropy are used to characterize the outline of around 200 countries, following which entropy for the red, green and blue color distributions of the corresponding flags are computed. Key inferences are listed, one of which is the remarkable correlation observed in all cases between the three entropies. Finally, it is hoped that the analysis techniques discussed and explored in the present work forms a preliminary step in applying the time tested successful techniques of nonlinear analysis to geography oriented disciplines.
Category: Social Science

[151] viXra:1510.0484 [pdf] submitted on 2015-10-28 20:28:50

Tracing the Origins of Human Civilization – a Study Backed by Archaeology, Linguistics, Cymatics and Genographics

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 20 Pages.

The pre-history of ancient India seems to be shrouded in mystery. Today, a secular country and the home of some of the most important religions, little can be said with concrete evidence about its past, especially before the Indus Valley Civilization (IVC). This has thus become a hot topic of debate and controversy among archaeologists and historians alike, and with the uncovering of artifacts and evidences from Archaeology, Genetics, Linguistics and Mythology alike, a lot of light is being shed on this mystery, and what seems to emerge are some shocking facts about this land. This work tries in the first place to consolidate such data collected by various fields, and also by experiments and inferences made by the author. It also takes into account various theories proposed till date, and with all this information, tries to consolidate and come up with one single theory/hypothesis that details the evolution and cultural and linguistic development of India and the effects it had on the rest of the world. Much focus is placed on the linguistic aspects at the initial stage and going forward,Genographic studies, Archaeology and mythology are also explored. As many linguists have pointed out, the earliest languages in India seem to be two, and these two are the early versions of Sanskrit and Tamil. The various inferences and the contributions made by the author together are summed up in a Core Hypothesis.
Category: Social Science

[150] viXra:1510.0430 [pdf] submitted on 2015-10-27 21:28:26

Smart Analytics of Social Networking Trends

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 20 Pages.

The current era of Information Technology has enabled one to access a wealth of information regarding public opinion and market trends through web search behaviour exploring tools such as Google Trends. As a testimony to this fact, the present work purports to encouraging the use of such “Smart Analytics” techniques by presenting Trend Search based inferences and discussion of interest in the four social networking sites Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and Snapchat in 30 different countries around the world. The results provide valuable insights into group trends such as the rise, saturation and decline in the interests of such services and their dependence on various factors such as internet connection speeds and penetration rates, while also exploring exceptional cases and other individual aspects of social networking trends. While from a managerial perspective, such results can be used to assess market trends and demands, the inferences also provide useful information to administrators and governments, as well as the common man to understand the current trends and plan investments of time and money accordingly.
Category: Social Science

[149] viXra:1510.0424 [pdf] submitted on 2015-10-27 16:07:41

Literary Communication and Existential Formula in Epic Addressing

Authors: Ștefan Vlăduțescu
Comments: 4 Pages.

The study is circumscribed to theory of literary communication and highlights the fact that there are different dedicated formulas of epic addressing. The existential formula joints in epic addressing are examined. As an example, we use Gabriel Chifuřs novel, "Story of my Death". First, it appears that this novel belongs to a thematic topology whose axes are are also found in books by Lev Tolstoy, AP Chekhov, J. L. Borges or F. Kafka. Later it is made visible that the differentiating contribution of Gabriel Chifuřs epic work lies in making clear from death an event of life and to show that, whenever it occurs, death captures as the ultimate existential event, catching the man, however, unprepared. Existential formula in epic addressing consists of understanding that the stake of death is the assumed life as unique experience.
Category: Social Science

[148] viXra:1510.0351 [pdf] submitted on 2015-10-22 06:24:48

Self-Education Through Web-Searching an Exploratory Study

Authors: Răzvan-Alexandru Călin
Comments: 12 Pages.

The 21st century is marked by the extensive and easy access to information through the virtual environment. Do we find in today’s Romanian school the presence of a formative space - on the one hand, facilitator for a maximal exploitation of opportunities, and on the other hand, a “sensor” for new risks, characteristic to the information era? Is the “digital generation” (Mark Prensky) of the beginning of century in Romania ready from these perspectives? The present paper outlines the results of a comparative exploratory study regarding the ordinary methods used by youngsters - from 5th and 6th grades, as well as 11th and 12th grades, from six different schools, high-schools and colleges from Dolj county – to find information about different topics/homework. The results offer the premises for hypothesis regarding this phenomenon at national level. The conclusions indicate as the main method of obtaining information the web-searching. They emphasize the absence of an initial specific educational training in this domain and allow the delineation of a suggestive image regarding possible future methods of action.
Category: Social Science

[147] viXra:1510.0158 [pdf] submitted on 2015-10-17 10:30:06

EVOLUÇÃO Urbana do MUNICÍPIO DE Lajeado: um Estudo Configuracional

Authors: Aline Cristiane Scheibe, Livia Teresinha Salomão Piccinini, Andrea da Costa Braga
Comments: 21 Pages.

A região denominada Vale do Taquari abrange 36 municípios da região central do estado do Rio Grande do Sul, polarizada pelo município de Lajeado e, colonizada por imigrantes de origem alemã, italiana e açoriana. O aparecimento de indústrias e o desenvolvimento do comércio e do setor de serviços provocaram um crescimento urbano regional significativo nos últimos 40 anos. Em 1970, 74,27% da população vivia no meio rural e, passadas quatro décadas, o quadro praticamente se inverteu: hoje 73,84% vive na zona urbana (IBGE, 2010). Tendo em vista tal crescimento urbano, o presente trabalho analisa o processo de evolução urbana do território do município de Lajeado através do levantamento de dados históricos e configuracionais do núcleo urbano de 1898 (ano de fundação) até os dias atuais. Trabalha-se com a hipótese de que a inserção da rodovia BR 386 alterou os padrões espaciais através dos quais se efetiva a expansão urbana modificando a estrutura de integração da configuração espacial. O enfoque adotado é o da análise configuracional, onde a estrutura da malha urbana é analisada em termos de acessibilidade e centralidade, a partir das medidas sintáticas de integração local e global e, ainda, a medida de escolha (choice).O estudo tem como objetivo principal mostrar a evolução da malha urbana ao longo do crescimento da cidade, analisando a inserção da rodovia e sua influência na rede urbana.
Category: Social Science

[146] viXra:1510.0157 [pdf] submitted on 2015-10-17 10:38:58

Cidades DE Pequeno Porte em Santa Catarina: Uma Reflexão Sobre Planejamento Territorial

Authors: Cláudia Maté, Talita Micheleti, Alina Gonçalves Santiago
Comments: 20 Pages.

Apesar de serem maioria no território nacional e também no estado de Santa Catarina, as cidades de pequeno porte são as que menos possuem ferramentas de planejamento adequadas à sua realidade. A partir de 2001, o Estatuto da Cidade prevê a obrigatoriedade de elaboração de Plano Diretor nas cidades com população superior a 20.000 habitantes. Contudo, além de não atender uma significativa parcela dos municípios brasileiros, 69,15%, esta Lei também se mostra insuficiente em estabelecer diretrizes adequadas à realidade das pequenas cidades, bem como para o planejamento do seu espaço rural. Com base nesta problemática, este artigo tem como objetivo discutir a predominância dos municípios de pequeno porte no estado de Santa Catarina. A metodologia inicialmente consiste em uma breve revisão bibliográfica sobre a temática tratada, em seguida é realizada a coleta e processamento de dados do IBGE e órgãos municipais. Como resultado, têm-se mapeamentos temáticos do estado que ilustram sua dinâmica demográfica, a ligação existente entre o espaço urbano e rural, e correlacionando-os à existência de Plano Diretor nos municípios catarinenses.
Category: Social Science

[145] viXra:1510.0154 [pdf] submitted on 2015-10-17 10:58:38

Espacialidade do Medo e INSEGURANÇA PÚBLICA: Ensaio Sobre os Efeitos da Uhe Belo Monte na Cidade de Altamira no Pará

Authors: José Antônio Herrera, Rodolfo Pragana Moreira
Comments: 16 Pages.

As discussões sobre as espacialidades do medo e a insegurança pública na geografia, configuram-se incipiente na produção do pensamento geográfico. O mote neste artigo está em compreender as desigualdades sócio-espaciais consolidadas com a construção da Usina Hidrelétrica Belo Monte (UHE Belo Monte) na Microrregião de Altamira. Para isso, analisaram-se dados secundários de organizações públicas e websites que tratam das problemáticas estruturadas no texto, mormente acerca da expansão do medo e da insegurança social na cidade, variáveis consolidadas pelas dinâmicas sócio-espaciais no bojo da construção da hidrelétrica. Sobre o contexto, percebeu-se existir um avanço exponencial nas representações sociais do medo e na materialização de desigualdades face a construção de um projeto que tem como discurso o desenvolvimento socialmente correto e ambientalmente sustentável.
Category: Social Science

[144] viXra:1510.0153 [pdf] submitted on 2015-10-17 11:00:04

La GESTIÓN DE la POLÍTICA PÚBLICA DE Vivienda en la REGIÓN Litoral Norte Del Uruguay

Authors: Natalia Bisio, Natalie Robaina
Comments: 11 Pages.

El trabajo que se presenta es producto de los avances realizados en el marco de un proyecto de investigación en curso, retomando elementos presentados en instancias tales como el VII Congreso Latinoamericano de Ciencia Política y la X Bienal del Coloquio Transformaciones Territoriales. El mismo pretende dar cuenta de los aspectos políticos y sociales que sustentan el diseño e implementación de la política social de vivienda entendida como una forma de construcción del espacio público. Para ello se toman como referencia algunos programas sociales de vivienda desarrollados durante el período 2005 – 2012, dirigidos a atender la demanda habitacional de sectores que no pueden acceder a ella en el mercado, poniendo énfasis en las respuestas brindadas a aquéllos con mayores dificultades socioeconómicas. La discusión que se presenta en el documento da cuenta de la complejidad que implica concebir a la vivienda no sólo como espacio privado sino sobre todo como constructora del espacio público, poniendo de manifiesto la necesidad de repensar la política social de vivienda intrínsecamente relacionada con la estructura económica, sociopolítica y cultural de cada territorio.
Category: Social Science

[143] viXra:1510.0152 [pdf] submitted on 2015-10-17 11:02:01

Las ÁREAS Centrales en Las Ciudades Intermedias Del Uruguay: Valores Locales en Tiempos DE Transformaciones Globales. el Análisis de la Ciudad de Salto

Authors: Juan Ferrer Pamparato
Comments: 13 Pages.

El trabajo propone el estudio de áreas centrales para las ciudades intermedias del Uruguay intentando revelar las correlaciones que se establecen entre las tensiones provocadas por el desarrollo económico y la reducción de la calidad ambiental del espacio urbano más significativo en estas localidades. Es precisamente la identificación de esta categoría de ciudades y una inquietud común por la renovación de sus áreas centrales, lo que entendemos, asigna pertinencia a este enfoque. Si bien el análisis se centra en el caso de la ciudad de Salto, la existencia de situaciones similares permite aplicar en otros contextos, los conceptos que aquí se consideran para este caso particular. La reflexión que se presenta gira en torno al concepto de centralidad entendida como entidad urbana de convergencia social y ámbito de referencia para la vida colectiva, con el objetivo de sistematizar información, a efectos de aportar algunas pautas para la revisión de las políticas públicas relativas a la planificación urbana y la gestión del espacio público y mejorar finalmente la calidad de vida de las poblaciones. Así entendido, el análisis intenta ser aplicable a los centros reconocidos históricamente, así como a centralidades secundarias de carácter barrial o zonal, que comparten un valor común: el sentido social que asume la idea de centro en los procesos de construcción de ciudadanía.
Category: Social Science

[142] viXra:1510.0151 [pdf] submitted on 2015-10-17 11:03:38

POLÍTICAS PÚBLICAS e Adolescentes em Conflito Com a Lei: Revisão Sistemática da Literatura Nacional

Authors: Lisiane Ligia Mella, Jéssica Limberger, Ilana Andretta
Comments: 12 Pages.

Políticas públicas voltadas ao adolescente em conflito com a lei têm sido amplamente destacadas ao longo da história brasileira, principalmente após o processo de redemocratização do país, que culminou na promulgação da Constituição Federal de 1988 e o posterior Estatuto da Criança e do Adolescente (ECA) em 1990. A presente revisão bibliográfica objetiva descrever estudos brasileiros de 2005 a 2015 acerca das políticas públicas dos adolescentes em conflito com a lei, analisando se tais estudos abordam a temática no contexto das pequenas e médias cidades. As bases de dados consultadas foram: Lilacs; Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnicocientíficos e HISA - História da Saúde. Os artigos analisados evidenciam que a temática tem sido pouco abordada dentro do recorte temporal estabelecido. Todavia, alguns temas centrais aparecem, como: a necessidade de articulação das políticas públicas de cada cidade no atendimento ao adolescente em conflito com a lei; carência na integração das políticas para o efetivo funcionamento em rede; e a importância do trabalho interdisciplinar nas políticas públicas de cidades tanto pequenas e médias como em cidades grandes.
Category: Social Science

[141] viXra:1510.0150 [pdf] submitted on 2015-10-17 11:04:54

EDUCACÃO Ambiental e IMPLEMENTAÇÃO DE POLÍTICAS PÚBLICAS: a Experiência em Araranguá/SC

Authors: Maria Ángeles Lobo Recio, Kátia Cilene Rodrigues Madruga, Thayane Bilésimo, Catherine da Rosa Rossi, Ana Raquel Bernardy e Rafaela Mussi
Comments: 20 Pages.

A gestão de resíduos sólidos e o tratamento de esgotos urbanos estão associados a questões ambientais, sociais, culturais, econômicas, políticas e de saúde pública. Este trabalho de carácter qualitativo descritivo visa colaborar para as discussões sobre o papel da educação ambiental na implantação de políticas públicas de saneamento, a partir da experiência numa cidade de pequeno porte. Para tratar do tema é relatada a experiência com dois projetos de extensão elaborados e executados pelo grupo de Educação Ambiental e Sustentabilidade da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina na cidade de Araranguá. As atividades de educação ambiental foram efetuadas junto a alunos da quarta e quinta séries de ensino fundamental e do terceiro ano do ensino médio de escolas públicas e em diversos condomínios da cidade de Araranguá-SC. Entre as conclusões, destaca-se a relevância do papel da educação ambiental e da universidade na implantação de políticas públicas e na construção da cidadania.
Category: Social Science

[140] viXra:1510.0149 [pdf] submitted on 2015-10-17 11:06:50

SEGREGAÇÃO Socioespacial na REGIÃO Metropolitana DE Belo Horizonte: O Estigma de Ribeirão Das Neves/mg

Authors: Osmar Henrique Ribeiro da Silva, Ítalo Itamar Caixeiro Stephan
Comments: 17 Pages.

O crescimento urbano de Belo Horizonte é um processo de expansão populacional e territorial para além dos limites do município. O objetivo desse trabalho é analisar o processo de segregação socioespacial que se expressa na Região Metropolitana de Belo Horizonte (RMBH) e investigar o processo de expansão periférica em direção ao Município de Ribeirão das Neves. A análise do processo tem como referência a formação do município de Neves baseada na implantação das penitenciárias e dos loteamentos populares, exemplificando a lógica da estruturação centro-periferia. Para a pesquisa foi realizado o levantamento documental e bibliográfico sobre o tema em artigos, revistas e demais dados do IBGE e da Fundação João Pinheiro. Através da pesquisa teórica foi observado um crescimento rápido e expressivo da malha urbana da RMBH, evidenciando um fenômeno de desigualdade socioespacial nesse espaço intrametropolitano. Constatou-se que a segregação socioespacial representa uma das dimensões mais expressivas desse fenômeno, encontrando principalmente nos municípios periféricos metropolitanos sua máxima, no caso em questão Ribeirão das Neves. Nesse município observou-se a implantação de loteamentos irregulares, juntamente com a implantação de unidades prisionais, favorecendo um cenário atual de um baixo grau de desenvolvimento destinado à população de baixa renda e de uma paisagem homogênea onde é notável a ausência de infraestrutura adequada.
Category: Social Science

[139] viXra:1510.0148 [pdf] submitted on 2015-10-17 11:08:02

A Pesquisa Urbana Nas Cidades AMAZÔNICAS

Authors: José Antônio Herrera
Comments: 6 Pages.

A PESQUISA URBANA NAS CIDADES AMAZÔNICAS
Category: Social Science

[138] viXra:1510.0147 [pdf] submitted on 2015-10-17 11:09:20

A CONTRIBUIÇÃO da Academia Para Mobilidade Urbana SUSTENTÁVEL Por Meio do Programa DE EXTENSÃO UNIVERSITÁRIA da Ufpr – Ciclovida

Authors: Silvana Nakamori, José Carlos Assunção Belotto, Moisés Francisco Farah Junior, Antônio Gonçalves Oliveira
Comments: 19 Pages.

Congestionamentos, acidentes de trânsito e poluição são alguns problemas resultantes de uma cultura de mobilidade que prioriza o transporte individual por meio do automóvel e o resultado dessa prioridade é a deteriorização da qualidade de vida urbana. A fim de tentar reverter esse panorama surge na UFPR o Programa de Extensão Universitária Ciclovida, acreditando que a Academia tem a obrigação de estar na vanguarda das transformações que a sociedade necessita, pois através da pesquisa, ensino e extensão visa-se à formação de uma cultura de mobilidade urbana saudável e sustentável, pelo do uso da bicicleta como um dos meios de transporte. O objetivo deste artigo é demonstrar as contribuições da academia para a mobilidade urbana sustentável focando no Programa Ciclovida e a metodologia utilizada foi à pesquisa documental, sendo também uma pesquisa aplicada, qualitativa, exploratória, descritiva e bibliográfica. Dentre os resultados está à descrição do Programa e o Desafio Intermodal (anos de 2007 a 2013), demonstrando que a Academia pode sim contribuir com a mobilidade urbana.
Category: Social Science

[137] viXra:1510.0092 [pdf] submitted on 2015-10-11 15:28:59

Suicide by Democracy-a Review of Ann Coulter's Adios America-the Left's Plan to Turn America Into a Third World Hell-Hole

Authors: Richard Wilson
Comments: 17 Pages.

Coulter outlines the recent history of immigration and how it is rapidly turning America into another Mexico. From the broader perspective I take, this book presents the American chapter of the sad story of the inexorable destruction of the world by unrestrained motherhood. Forty-seven years ago 396 politicians voted to embrace the destruction of America by the 3rd world. Without the changes they and William Brennan’s court made (along with failure to enforce our immigration laws), we would have about 80 million fewer people now and at least 150 million fewer in 2100,along with trillions of dollars in savings. We would have a chance to deal with the immense problems we and the world face. But, burdened with a fatally fragmented (i.e., ‘diverse’) population about twice the size we might have had, half of which will not contribute to the solution, but rather constitute the problem, it is impossible. What we see is that democracy as practiced here and now guarantees a fatally inept government. Peace and prosperity worldwide will vanish and military coups, terrorism and warlords will become routine, probably by the end of this century, certainly during the next. I discuss some possible solutions.
Category: Social Science

[136] viXra:1510.0056 [pdf] submitted on 2015-10-06 03:02:20

Revista Romania Azi

Authors: Editura Cadrelor Didactice
Comments: 19 Pages.

Revista Educația Azi este o publicație științifica a Editurii Cadrelor Didactice, care apare în fiecare lună în format exclusiv online. Domeniul de interes este „EDUCAȚIA” în cel mai larg sens atribuit acestui cuvânt. Nu avem o tematică anume, considerând că orice articol bine scris și documentat trebuie să fie cunoscut de un public cât mai larg. În acest sens, urmărim ca în cel mai scurt timp cu putință să fim cea mai cunoscuta revistă din mediul online care se ocupă de domeniul Educației. Orice articol de-al dumneavoastră nu face decât să ne apropie tot mai mult de acest obiectiv. Ca o mulțumire pentru ajutorul pe care ni-l oferiți, după publicarea a 3 articole/autor, va adresăm invitația de a deveni colaborator permanent și să figurați în căsuța tehnică a prezentei publicații. Pentru mai multe precizări în legătură cu publicarea articolelor, tehnoredactarea acestora și posibilele teme de abordat, accesati rubrica Apel articole de pe pagina de start a publicației. Pentru orice alte detalii, vă rugăm să ne scrieți pe e-mail: edituracadrelordidactice@yahoo.com . REVISTA EDUCATIA AZI ESTE SINGURA REVISTĂ EDITATĂ INTEGRAL IN LIMBA ROMÂNĂ INDEXATA ÎN BAZE DE DATE INTERNATIONALE!!!
Category: Social Science

[135] viXra:1509.0263 [pdf] submitted on 2015-09-28 08:44:06

Interpretating and Expanding Laozi’s Governing A Large Country Is Like Cooking A Small Fish with Neutrosophy and Quad-stage Method

Authors: Fu Yuhua
Comments: 7 Pages.

Based on interpreting and expanding Confucius' Golden Mean through neutrosophic tetrad, this paper discusses interpretating and expanding Laozi’s governing a large country is like cooking a small fish with neutrosophy and quad-stage method. There are many different ways for interpretating and expanding, and come to different conclusions. This paper emphasizes the results that besides governing a large country is like cooking a small fish, we should also consider that governing a large Chinese style country is like cooking a small Chinese style fish, governing a large American style country is like cooking a small American style fish, and the like; as well as governing a large country is like cooking a medium fish, governing a large country is like cooking a big fish, governing a medium country is like cooking a small fish, governing a medium country is like cooking a medium fish, governing a medium country is like cooking a big fish, governing a small country is like cooking a small fish, governing a small country is like cooking a medium fish, governing a small country is like cooking a big fish, and the like; governing a large country covers cooking a small fish, governing a large country is not like cooking a small fish, and the like. Finally, according to neutrosophic tetrad, this famous remark can be expanded as follows, simultaneously consider governing a large country, a medium country, and a small country are like cooking a small fish, a medium fish, and a big fish; as well as governing a large province, a medium province, and a small province are like cooking a small fish, a medium fish, and a big fish; governing a big city, a medium city, and a small city are like cooking a small fish, a medium fish, and a big fish; governing a big ministry, a medium ministry, and a small ministry are like cooking a small fish, a medium fish, and a big fish; and the like. Of course, "cooking various fishes" can also be replaced by "cooking various fishes and foods", because "Food is the paramount necessity of the people". Key words: Neutrosophy, quad-stage method, interpretation, expansion, governing a large country is like cooking a small fish, neutrosophic tetrad
Category: Social Science

[134] viXra:1509.0192 [pdf] submitted on 2015-09-21 05:16:07

Standards Are Good for Clearing Science

Authors: Dmitri Martila
Comments: 4 Pages.

The fashion is wrongly called ``Standards of beauty''. Because the Standards, as the name says, are never changing. Therefore, let us build our character on the Uniting Standards.
Category: Social Science

Replacements of recent Submissions

[47] viXra:1710.0070 [pdf] replaced on 2017-10-12 08:56:19

A First Class Analysis, and Dissemination of Information of the September 11 Attacks

Authors: Peiman Ghasemi
Comments: 13 Pages.

In the September 11, 2001, nearly 3000 U.S. citizens were killed by terror attacks. A strong relationship existed between Palestinians, Qutbists, and jihadist groups with the Iranian government. Those days, Islamism in Europe had made strong connections with some Arabs and also Iranians. So, for example the al-Quds Mosque in Hamburg was not such an exception. There some attackers attended and met one another, forming the Hamburg cell. Al-Qaeda is an advocate of jihad. We consider Iran as a powerful propagator of radicalism mindset. In Afghanistan a series of meetings occurred in spring of 1999, involving Sheikh Mohammed, and Osama bin Laden. Atta became involved with the al-Quds Mosque. The Quds Force is described as “a military branch of Iran, active in dozens of countries". It is estimated, Iranians have at least hundreds of thousands of military troops just in Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, etc. Here we shall investigate the real causes of this brutal terrorist attack. In addition to a memorial, built at Ground Zero, other memorials have been built across the U.S. such as Flight 93 National Memorial, and Pentagon Memorial, following the terrorist attacks. Construction of the National September 11 Memorial & Museum began in August 2006. And it was opened to the general public in 2014. Just after the attacks President George W. Bush called it as "despicable acts of terror". Today we are trying hard to stand against the will of terrorists. Relatives of victims of the attacks won't ever forget such violations against humanity.
Category: Social Science

[46] viXra:1710.0044 [pdf] replaced on 2017-10-08 05:32:31

Analysis of Beggars in Modern Nepal

Authors: Arjun Dahal, Nikita Parajuli
Comments: 4 Pages.

This paper attempts to classify the beggars of modern Nepal according to their professional and their art of begging. By observing their principles of begging, we have classified them into 6 categories and each category has been explained in brief.
Category: Social Science

[45] viXra:1708.0153 [pdf] replaced on 2017-08-14 21:49:12

An Integrated Pattern of Behavior Consistent with an Unprecedented Cult of the Scientific Age

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 3 Pages.

A review summary.
Category: Social Science

[44] viXra:1708.0099 [pdf] replaced on 2017-08-13 04:34:23

Racism Amongst the Royals

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 3 Pages.

A shattered institution.
Category: Social Science

[43] viXra:1706.0529 [pdf] replaced on 2017-07-22 04:41:15

On To What In The Contemporary Russia Goes On

Authors: Dainis Zeps
Comments: 47 Pages.

After writing a short note on Russia, in Russian [1], I decided to start a project named Russia. Text mostly in Russian.
Category: Social Science

[42] viXra:1706.0529 [pdf] replaced on 2017-06-30 04:56:05

On To What In The Contemporary Russia Goes On

Authors: Dainis Zeps
Comments: 47 Pages.

After writing a short note on Russia, in Russian [1], I decided to start a project named Russia. Text mostly in Russian.
Category: Social Science

[41] viXra:1705.0177 [pdf] replaced on 2017-05-14 14:36:37

Authoritarianism in the Scientific Age

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 7 Pages.

The planetary super-state and the self-management of democratic political economy.
Category: Social Science

[40] viXra:1702.0013 [pdf] replaced on 2017-02-22 11:08:24

Contradictory Stimulation

Authors: Renato Vieira dos Santos
Comments: 10 Pages.

Motivated by the seemingly chaotic state of affairs of contemporary world political actions, I describe a possible psychological masses domination strategy called “contradictory stimulation”. Assuming that there is the possibility of a genuine intention on the part of some families and powerful organizations in guiding humanity in the way of their interests, I point through mathematical and computational models that contradictory stimulation can be effective in inducing a subservient mentality in the political citizens. Recognize the existence of artful stratagems of manipulation and “brainwashing” sharpens our crit- ical sense and changes our world view. It is the first step in a reaction that try to ensure individual freedoms, if they are desirable.
Category: Social Science

[39] viXra:1611.0299 [pdf] replaced on 2016-12-08 08:24:57

Universal Economic Plan Based Law Constitutions of Kingdom and Nations

Authors: Mesut Kavak
Comments: 28 Pages.

In this work, touched on some social issues whatever the result, and a raising awareness was aimed by some new technological upgrades for vital infrastructures of states, social order and economic plan. The main aim is one world order which has no king and accepts nations as local governances as a requirement of hierarchical order. It is completely based on economic benefits of all nations as there is no alternative to establish a healthy economic order as economic management is directly related with laws. As the important is a law exists or not, or is just or not for justice, also it encourages to develop organic laws in state institutions as it recognizes any state institution as autonomous. This building is a building which is actually dependent of economy, counts states of the world as local governances as a requirement of one world order; does not stipulate working and military service; promises that no charge for houses, energy, education, judgment, security, health care, public transport, marriage; promises removing armies limited manner, removing nuclear weapons and establishing in space but the special conditions. Also there are many new technological upgrades for vital infrastructure of states.
Category: Social Science

[38] viXra:1610.0297 [pdf] replaced on 2016-11-10 10:43:48

The Discovery of the Periodic Table

Authors: Rochelle Forrester
Comments: 10 Pages.

This paper was written to investigate the order of discoveries made in chemistry leading up to the discovery of the periodic table. New experimental techniques, such as the pneumatic trough, voltaic pile, spectroscopy, and potassium analysis led to the discovery of many new elements and their properties which enabled the discovery of the periodic table. The discoveries led to the demise of the classical theory of the elements, to the end of the phlogiston theory and to the creation of the modern ideas of the elements and of the atomic theory. The paper shows the discoveries were made in a necessary and inevitable order with new experimental techniques leading to the discovery of new elements which eventually led to the discovery of the periodic table.
Category: Social Science

[37] viXra:1610.0296 [pdf] replaced on 2016-11-10 11:44:49

The Invention of Stone Tools

Authors: Rochelle Forrester
Comments: 6 Pages.

This paper was written to study the development of stone tools technology throughout the Paleolithic. It finds the technology developed with the simplest discoveries being made first and more complex discoveries being made later. The chemical structure and the properties of the raw materials determined that stone tools could be useful to humans and over time people learnt to make better and better stone tools. The improvements occurred in an order that was necessary and inevitable, with later improvements building upon earlier improvements, and is an illustration of how increasing human knowledge changes technology and human social and cultural history.
Category: Social Science

[36] viXra:1608.0366 [pdf] replaced on 2016-08-29 10:42:47

Global Policy and the Scientific Age in the Modern Era

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 6 Pages.

Policy in the Scientific Age.
Category: Social Science

[35] viXra:1608.0114 [pdf] replaced on 2016-08-13 19:13:11

Uso de Las Preferencias Politicas Para Inducir Una Topologia en un Conjunto de Votantes

Authors: Ivan Guzman
Comments: 8 Pages.

Estas breves notas exploran un metodo para inducir una topologia en un conjunto de votantes a partir de las preferencias de politicas publicas de los mismos. Asimismo, se evaluan algunas caracteristicas basicas de este espacio topologico y sus conexiones con la teoria clasica de eleccion publica.
Category: Social Science

[34] viXra:1606.0013 [pdf] replaced on 2016-06-02 09:01:48

A Comment on "Family Ruptures, Stress, and the Mental Health of the Next Generation"

Authors: Nicolas Bearbaki
Comments: 5 Pages.

Persson and Rossin-Slater (2016b) claim to be the first to credibly estimate causal effects of fetal stress exposure on mental health in later life. They emphasize that their analysis is the first to control for non-random exposure to a relative’s death and non-random gestation length. In light of discoveries regarding prior literature, we find these claims to be exaggerated and misleading.
Category: Social Science

[33] viXra:1605.0128 [pdf] replaced on 2016-06-16 07:35:02

A Call for Our Ethical Responsibilities and Wisdom

Authors: Kunwar Jagdish Narain
Comments: 9 Pages.

We observe that, starting from our families to all over the world, the unrest, intolerance, corruption, crimes and militancy etc. are continuously growing on day by day despite all our efforts starting from social, spiritual, administration levels to all the possible levels. It is because, the root cause that is responsible for all these, we never tried to find out. The day, every member of every family starts thinking about his/her ethical responsibilities towards all the rest of the members of his/her family, his/her neighbors, citizens of his/her city and country etc., applying his/her wisdom - a special and very important gift with which God has blessed we all the human beings, unrest, intolerance, corruption, crimes and militancy etc. all shall start decreasing in place of growing.
Category: Social Science

[32] viXra:1605.0128 [pdf] replaced on 2016-05-27 07:09:21

A Call for Our Ethical Responsibilities and Wisdom

Authors: Kunwar Jagdish Narain
Comments: 9 Pages.

We observe that, starting from our families to all over the world, the unrest, intolerance, corruption, crimes and militancy etc. are continuously growing on day by day despite all our efforts starting from social, spiritual, administration levels to all the possible levels. It is because, the root cause that is responsible for all these, we never tried to find out. The day, every member of every family starts thinking about his/her ethical responsibilities towards all the rest of the members of his/her family, his/her neighbors, citizens of his/her city and country etc., applying his/her wisdom - a special and very important gift with which God has blessed we all the human beings, unrest, intolerance, corruption, crimes and militancy etc. all shall start decreasing in place of growing.
Category: Social Science

[31] viXra:1601.0203 [pdf] replaced on 2016-01-20 06:20:05

About the Name of Actually Communication Studying Discipline

Authors: Ştefan Vlăduţescu
Comments: 7 Pages.

This study explores the literature on the name of discipline which seeks communication. It notes that there are various names designating this subject: Communication Theory, Communication Science, Sciences de l'Information et of Communication (SIC), Communicology, Communication studies. It appears, then, that the discipline dealing with the phenomena of communication is (along with Psychology, Anthropology and Sociology) a social science. There is that, although seem to refe r to one and the same phenomenon of communication,referred disciplines not examine the communication as a whole, but focuses on different areas; ie they are fragmented. Starting from the origin and connection (Lat. "Communis" + the Gr. Word "logos" "speech , thought, study") and making use of the analogy of Sociology (Latin word "Socius" + Gr. "Logos" ) and Anthropology (Gr. "anthropos" + "logos") is seeking a convergence of names. It is estimated that it should reach convergence in respect of at least two c riteria: the study of communication as a whole and understanding communication as a multi - structured universe. Such criteria somehow it would comply with a title like "Strong Communication Science Communicology". Yet the question persists and therefore the future must be sought arguments to name a possible unitary communication science.
Category: Social Science

[30] viXra:1509.0192 [pdf] replaced on 2015-09-25 14:19:42

Standards Are Good for Clearing Science

Authors: Dmitri Martila
Comments: 7 Pages.

The fashion is wrongly called ``Standards of beauty''. Because the Standards, as the name says, are never changing. Therefore, let us build our character on the Uniting Standards.
Category: Social Science

[29] viXra:1509.0192 [pdf] replaced on 2015-09-23 04:51:21

Standards Are Good for Clearing Science

Authors: Dmitri Martila
Comments: 5 Pages.

The fashion is wrongly called ``Standards of beauty''. Because the Standards, as the name says, are never changing. Therefore, let us build our character on the Uniting Standards.
Category: Social Science