Social Science

1906 Submissions

[9] viXra:1906.0525 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-26 08:33:44

Immigrant Syndrome

Authors: HaiYing Shen, BeiYuan Shen
Comments: 6 Pages.

Immigrant syndrome (or traveler syndrome) is a series of syndromes and disorders of the human body in response to the natural environmental changes when the immigrants or travelers migrate from their native homeland to another region. Based on the idea of improving the health status of immigrant groups and achieving the comprehensive healthcare of immigrants, this work for the first time reports the cause, disorders, epidemiology, management, prevention and healthcare of immigrant syndrome.
Category: Social Science

[8] viXra:1906.0483 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-25 15:40:42

The Scientific Study of History-Speculative Philosophy of History Explained

Authors: Rochelle Forrester
Comments: 15 Pages.

This paper suggests ever increasing human knowledge of the world around us is the driving force for much social and cultural evolution. It examines the order of discovery of our knowledge of the world around us and notes this knowledge comes to us in a particular and necessary order from the easiest to discover to the more difficult to discover. The necessary order of the discoveries means they can be rationally analysed and understood and this enables the study of social and cultural evolution to be put on a scientific basis. It also enables us to make scientifically based predictions about the future for the human species.
Category: Social Science

[7] viXra:1906.0437 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-24 03:32:58

The Pioneers of Biodynamics in USA: The Early Milestones of Organic Agriculture in the United States

Authors: John Paull
Comments: 6 Pages.

Biodynamics has played a key role in environmental and sustainable development. Rudolf Steiner founded the Experimental Circle of Anthroposophic Farmers and Gardeners at Koberwitz (now Kobierzyce, Poland) in 1924. The task for the Experimental Circle was to test Steiner’s ‘hints’ for a new and sustainable agriculture, to find out what works, and to publish and tell the world. Ehrenfried published his book Bio-Dynamic Farming and Gardening in New York in 1938, fulfilling Steiner’s directive. In the interval, 1924-1938, 39 individual Americans joined the Experimental Circle. They were the pioneers of biodynamics and organics in USA, and finally their names and locations are revealed. Of the 39 members, three received copies of the Agriculture Course in both German and English, while other copies were shared (n=6). Of the 35 Agriculture Courses supplied to American Experimental Circle Members, over half were numbered copies of the German edition (n=20), and the rest were the English edition (n=15). A majority of members were women (n=20), along with men (n=17), and undetermined (n=2). Members were from 11 states: New York (n=18), New Jersey (n=5), Ohio (n=4), Hawaii (n=3), Connecticut (n=2), Missouri (n=2), California (n=1), Florida (n=1), Maine (n=1), Maryland (n=1), and Pennsylvania (n=1). The revelation of the earliest pioneers of biodynamics, and thus organics, in USA provides 39 starting points for further research that their stories and achievements may be told.
Category: Social Science

[6] viXra:1906.0342 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-18 10:00:45

Note on Refutation of the Simulation Argument and Incompleteness of Information

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

The conjecture using a Bayesian pipe symbol (|), instead of the fractional division symbol (/) as originally published, is not tautologous, thereby relegating it to a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Social Science

[5] viXra:1906.0327 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-17 07:01:49

A Defense of Critique of the Simulation Argument and Critique of VŁ4 as Applied

Authors: Shreyansh Goyal
Comments: 3 pages

Colin James III critiqued the paper titled “Refutation of “Refutation of the simulation argument and incompleteness of information” [Goyal, S. (2019); http://vixra.org/pdf/1906.0126v1.pdf] in his paper titled “Mistakes in rebuttal of Refutation of the simulation argument and incompleteness of information” [James III, C. (2019); http://vixra.org/pdf/1906.0156v1.pdf] to show that the original paper makes a few mistakes and the refutation of the paper titled “The Simulation Argument and Incompleteness of Information” [Goyal, S. (2019); http://vixra.org/pdf/1906.0073v1.pdf] by Colin James III in the paper titled “Refutation of the simulation argument and incompleteness of information” [James III, C. (2019); http://vixra.org/pdf/1906.0090v1.pdf] is valid. I argue that the mistakes pointed out by Colin James III do not lead to the conclusions which he proposes and the refutation of his application of VŁ4 on the critique of simulation argument, as proposed, appears to be invalid.
Category: Social Science

[4] viXra:1906.0156 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-09 11:34:07

Mistakes in Rebuttal of Refutation of the Simulation Argument and Incompleteness of Information

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate six equations proffered as rebuttal, with two as trivially tautologous and four as not tautologous, to confirm the original refutation of the simulation conjecture. These results add to this established non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Social Science

[3] viXra:1906.0126 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-09 00:31:52

Refutation of “Refutation of the Simulation Argument and Incompleteness of Information”

Authors: Shreyansh Goyal
Comments: 2 pages

Colin James III used VŁ4 in his paper titled “Refutation of the simulation argument and incompleteness of information” [James III, C. (2019); http://vixra.org/pdf/1906.0090v1.pdf] to show that the equation used to refute Nick Bostrom’s argument [Philosophical Quarterly. 2003, 53, 243‐255] in the original paper titled “The Simulation Argument and Incompleteness of Information” [Goyal, S. (2019; http://vixra.org/pdf/1906.0090v1.pdf] is non tautologous and hence the refutation fails. In this paper, I attempt to show how the use of Meth8/VŁ4 as done in the refutation of the original paper critiquing Bostrom’s argument is itself non tautologous and hence the refutation fails.
Category: Social Science

[2] viXra:1906.0090 [pdf] replaced on 2019-06-09 09:49:55

Refutation of the Simulation Argument and Incompleteness of Information

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

The equation for Bayesian analysis is not tautologous, thereby refuting the conjecture and relegating it to a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Social Science

[1] viXra:1906.0073 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-05 12:48:05

The Simulation Argument and Incompleteness of Information

Authors: Shreyansh Goyal
Comments: 20 pages

Nick Bostrom, in his paper titled “Are you living in a computer simulation?” [Philosophical Quarterly. 2003, 53, 243‐255], presented an argument as to why the possibility of an advanced human civilization that can generate human-like observers greatly bolsters the view that we might be living in a simulation. Bostrom argues why the fraction of simulated observers among all types of observers with human-like experiences would be close to one, provided one accepts some assumptions, and then the bland principle of indifference dictates as to why one must thus, assuming himself to be a random observer, put the highest credence in the option which is the most common. Bostrom’s case rests on the idea that we lack evidence to shift our credence the other way, against the probabilistic conclusions, significantly, however, I argue that we are justified in doing so and a priori. Using Bayesian analysis, I show that the conclusion of the argument need not possess similar credence as the argument suggests, even granting all its assumptions.
Category: Social Science