K.R.Narayanan was a lauded hero and a distinguished
victim of his Dalit background. Even in an international
platform when he was on an official visit to Paris, the media
headlines blazed, 'An Untouchable at Elysee'. He was
visibly upset and it proved that a Dalit who rose up to such
heights was never spared from the pangs of outcaste-ness
and untouchability, which is based on birth. Thus, if the
erstwhile first citizen of India faces such humiliation, what
will be the plight of the last man who is a Dalit?
As one of the world's largest socio-economically
oppressed, culturally subjugated and politically
marginalized group of people, the 138 million Dalits in
India suffer not only from the excesses of the traditional
oppressor castes, but also from State Oppression - which
includes, but is not limited to, authoritarianism, police
brutality, economic embargo, criminalization of activists,
electoral violence, repressive laws that aim to curb
fundamental rights, and the non-implementation of laws that
safeguard Dalit rights. The Dalits were considered
untouchable for thousands of years by the Hindu society
until the Constitution of India officially abolished the
practice of untouchability in 1950.
Category: Social Science
The new notions of super column FRM model, super row FRM
model and mixed super FRM model are introduced in this book.
These three models are introduced specially to analyze the
biased role of the print media on 27 percent reservation for the
Other Backward Classes (OBCs) in educational institutions run
by the Indian Central Government. This book has four chapters.
In chapter one the authors introduce the three types of super
FRM models. Chapter two uses these three new super fuzzy
models to study the role of media which feverishly argued
against 27 percent reservation for OBCs in Central
Government-run institutions in India. The experts we consulted
were divided into 19 groups depending on their profession.
These groups of experts gave their opinion and comments on
the news-items that appeared about reservations in dailies and
weekly magazines, and the gist of these lengthy discussions
form the third chapter of this book. The fourth chapter gives the
conclusions based on our study. Our study was conducted from
April 2006 to March 2007, at which point of time the Supreme
Court of India stayed the 27 percent reservation for OBCs in the
IITs, IIMs and AIIMS. After the aforesaid injunction from the
Supreme Court, the experts did not wish to give their opinion
since the matter was sub-judice. The authors deeply
acknowledge the service of each and every expert who
contributed their opinion and thus made this book a possibility.
We have analyzed the data using the opinion of the experts who
formed a heterogeneous group consisting of administrators,
lawyers, OBC/SC/ST students, upper caste students and
Brahmin students, educationalists, university vice-chancellors,
directors, professors, teachers, retired Judges, principals of
colleges, parents, journalists, members of the public, politicians,
doctors, engineers, NGOs and government staff.
Category: Social Science