Social Science

1912 Submissions

[6] viXra:1912.0533 [pdf] submitted on 2019-12-31 18:35:34

History of Printing - From Gutenberg to the Laser Printer

Authors: Rochelle Forrester
Comments: 5 Pages.

The ultimate cause of much historical, social and cultural change is the gradual accumulation of knowledge of the environment. Human beings use the materials in their environment to meet their needs and increased human knowledge of the environment enables human needs to be met in a more efficient manner. Humans have a need to communicate, as they are social beings, and the development of printing enabled them to communicate in a more efficient manner. The human environment has a particular structure so that human knowledge of the environment is acquired in a particular order. The simplest knowledge is acquired first and more complex knowledge is acquired later. Inevitably, printing was invented after the invention of writing, as it is a more efficient way of writing. Printing, as developed in Europe in the 15th century, also required the prior invention of paper, the knowledge of which had spread from China, and of moveable metal type, inks and presses. The order of discovery determined the course of human social and cultural history as knowledge of new and more efficient means of communication, resulted in the spread of new scientific ideas and technology, and in the development of new social and ideological ideas, such as the reformation, the enlightenment and democracy. This means human social and cultural history, has to follow a particular course, a course that is determined by the structure of the human environment.
Category: Social Science

[5] viXra:1912.0509 [pdf] submitted on 2019-12-30 02:54:06

The Rethinking and Enhancement of the Natural and Cultural Heritage of the Cultural Landscapes: the Case of Sečovlje and Janubio Saltpans

Authors: Luis Gregorio Abad Espinoza
Comments: 23 Pages.

Cultural landscapes represent a complex category where the nature-culture dichotomy seem to not be able to unfold the main features and the profound relations that humans have with the environment. Drawing on ethnographic data collected in the saltpans of Se-ovlje (Slovene Istria) and Janubio (Lanzarote--Canary Islands) this article examines informant`s perceptions about the awareness of the importance and the enhancement of the holistic values of both saltpans, as well as the impacts and benefits of tourism. Comparing these perceptions about both cultural landscapes, I try to suggest that the complex fruitfully relations between humans and nature in these saltpans are at odds with the neoliberal logic of nature which exploit and commoditize its resources depriving them of their respective agency. A sustainability to contrast the harmful activities of the market ought to be understood not as a simply isolation and fencing of nature for the sake of conservation, but as a preservation that need to foster the continuity of the deep interactions between human culture and non-human nature which are the core of the cultural landscapes.
Category: Social Science

[4] viXra:1912.0413 [pdf] submitted on 2019-12-22 13:15:57

A Political View About Democracy: Prospects of Cooperation and Integration Between States

Authors: Pedro Henrique da Silva Lino
Comments: 2 Pages.

This article builds an analysis that aims to mix social, political and historical issues to better understand how democracy itself has changed during the last decades, which does focus its snippet in a post 90`s perspective. With so, it is made a comparison among the last thirty years of relationships, cooperation and integration developments between states around the world, mainly considering the Western World, Latin America and emerging economies.
Category: Social Science

[3] viXra:1912.0346 [pdf] replaced on 2019-12-19 04:20:31

The Day the U.S. Stood Still at the Hill

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 4 Pages.

The Democratic Party, along with the Republican Party, debate at the House of Representatives the articles of impeachment; meant to put an end to almost four years of questionable and corrupt decision making.
Category: Social Science

[2] viXra:1912.0183 [pdf] submitted on 2019-12-09 09:50:09

Thnksgiving, Relationships, Odds and Goods

Authors: Diego Liberati
Comments: 4 Pages.

exemplification about the title terms are used to implicitly infer a vision about human interactions, mainly in italian
Category: Social Science

[1] viXra:1912.0085 [pdf] submitted on 2019-12-04 10:25:56

Small-World Networks

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

Discovered in the field of social sciences in the 1960s, the phenomenon known as small-world networks has fascinated popular culture and science for decades. [29] "We basically combined advances in neural networks and machine-learning with quantum Monte Carlo tools," says Savona, referring to a large toolkit of computational methods that physicists use to study complex quantum systems. [28] As cosmologists and astrophysicists delve deeper into the darkest recesses of the universe, their need for increasingly powerful observational and computational tools has expanded exponentially. [27] Now, a team of scientists at MIT and elsewhere has developed a neural network, a form of artificial intelligence (AI), that can do much the same thing, at least to a limited extent: It can read scientific papersand render a plain-English summary in a sentence or two. [26] To address this gap in the existing literature, a team of researchers at SRI International has created a human-AI image guessing game inspired by the popular game 20 Questions (20Q), which can be used to evaluate the helpfulness of machine explanations. [25]
Category: Social Science