Social Science

1602 Submissions

[8] viXra:1602.0350 [pdf] submitted on 2016-02-27 13:38:58

Forming Identity via Conflict

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 4 Pages. 3 references

To form identity requires that people experience conflict so that their boundaries and ideas can be significantly clarified. The beginnings of forming identity via conflict are with the mother/father to child roles during the child’s upbringing. Adolescence marks the beginning for forming identity. As the child grows into their new identity, they begin to form their own interests based on this identity. So it begins with conflict styles, then forms identity, then forms interests and desires on this newly created identity. This has enormous impact on what specific professions a person will undertake as well, as their identities must match their profession so they can streamline who they are with what their goals will be. As well, many conflicts in the professional world are not as reliant on interests and scarce resources as they are perceived to be, but are based almost entirely on individuals’ and groups’ collective identities.
Category: Social Science

[7] viXra:1602.0318 [pdf] submitted on 2016-02-25 01:21:46

Progress in Science is Driven by Ethics, Cerativity and Trust

Authors: Wilfried Wunderlich
Comments: 9 Pages.

Keeping the balance between two extremes in social dilemmas is essential for maintaining the progress of any society. While severe quality management and mistrust have destroyed grown overcapacities but also necessary resources in many research institutions in the last two decades, now the call for humanity and ethical principles are gaining popularity, such as work-life-balance, clear long-term perspectives for researchers, and society-driven ethical research and development. In this study the factors for creativity in science are discussed by studying the biography of physic Nobel laureates. The conclusion is that the income plays a minor role for engaged scientist, which main driving force is social acceptance.
Category: Social Science

[6] viXra:1602.0227 [pdf] submitted on 2016-02-18 07:36:01

The Components of Economic Record and the Research Object of Accounting

Authors: Aurelia Trăistaru
Comments: 6 Pages.

This study approaches issues of economic evidence and radiographs the three concepts through which can be defined the accounting object: juridical conception, economic conception, financial conception. At the same time, it researches the principles and specific procedures accounting method, ascertaining that besides specific procedures only accounting also it is appealed to general procedures for all disciplines, as well common procedures also other economic disciplines. The used method for this research is a metaanalytic one. The conclusion is that, for increasing the confidence in unalterable image (registered data in time, concrete and complete information, accounting according with juridical base, applying with honest-minded of the economic-accounting rules and procedures), has to work according with principles and procedures.
Category: Social Science

[5] viXra:1602.0226 [pdf] submitted on 2016-02-18 07:37:46

A Look on Green Marketing Management

Authors: Aurelia Trăistaru
Comments: 4 Pages.

First of all, the study radiographs Marketing status of 1980s and ascertains at that moment appeared Green Marketing through a real spiritual – material revolution. To clarify the revolutionary leap of Green Marketing is appealed to theoretic circumstance of emergence. The phenomenon through which from the elements of a low level are woken a composite of an inexplicable high level is called emergence. Through descriptive reconstruction of economical, financial, politics and technological factors evolution of 1970s is configured the idea that Green Marketing constitutes an emergence phenomenon. Second, it is catagraphied the acceptance, promotion and developing of Green Marketing in Romania. At the same time, is ascertained practically that Romanian are sensible and responsible regarding to integration in intercessions that impose by Green Marketing.
Category: Social Science

[4] viXra:1602.0225 [pdf] submitted on 2016-02-18 07:40:12

Systems of Environmental Management

Authors: Elena Antoanela Cotoc, Aurelia Trăistaru, Adriana Stoica
Comments: 10 Pages.

The advantages of adopting a system of environmental management imply that through its implementation a perfect monitoring of the environmental legislation can be achieved, having a higher juridical certainty and supplying proofs of following the laws and regulations in force. The most important advantages of an environmental system are: an appropriate care for the clients, responsibility and diligence in managing environmental issues; saving raw materials and energy; the effect of the environmental certification which does not necessarily lead to a growth in sales but which contributes anyway to the improvement of the image. Therefore the aim of the EMAS rule is promoting the continuous improvement of the environmental performances through: · development and implementation of the environmental management system, · evaluation of the environmental performances through audit, · giving to the customers the information related to the environmental performances.
Category: Social Science

[3] viXra:1602.0202 [pdf] submitted on 2016-02-17 07:05:41

The Sisyphean Economy

Comments: 10 Pages.

A remedy for the Sisyphean economy is introduced.
Category: Social Science

[2] viXra:1602.0160 [pdf] submitted on 2016-02-13 13:31:28


Authors: Sergej Plotkin
Comments: 3 Pages.

We prove that a person has no any free choice as one might think. Everything what a person does at the moment is a consequence of a person past deeds and thoughts.
Category: Social Science

[1] viXra:1602.0070 [pdf] submitted on 2016-02-06 06:42:34

Sociological Explanation of Fear of Crime in Public Spaces Case Study Mashhad

Authors: Mahdie Rezvani
Comments: 30 Pages.

Fear of crime in public places is a social issue that reduces access to the public places and limits the interactions with these places. Fear has significantly affected the city appearance, civil design and spatial distribution of the residences. The conception of security in urban spaces is on one hand related to the crime and on the other hand to the concept of facing the crime (victimization) and fear of crime encountering. The research method is surveying and the information collection technique is through questionnaire. Probable span sampling (PPS) method is used. Sample population was 200 household which were selected randomly in five categorical clusters from Mashhad city. In addition to investigating structural factors, the purpose of the research is studying reactive components affecting fear of crime among people in public places inside and outside the neighborhood. Independent variable of the research includes two general classes of reactive and structural factors and the interaction between them which reactive factors consist of: Vulnerability, victimization, gender ratio of the place, age ratio of the place, mental image of the place, activity in the place, cumulative effectiveness, and residency duration in the place and perceiving the risk of the crime. Structural factors include: visual penetration of the place, variation of place usage, non-defensed areas and place rank. The interaction between subjective and structural factors is considered as independent variable which includes: disorder and effectiveness, gender ratio and vulnerability, age ratio and vulnerability, place rank and vulnerability. Place rank among all other structural factors has the greatest effect on the fear of crime in public places outside the neighborhood. It means that by increasing place's rank of people residential area their fear of crime is decreased. The presence of non-defended areas (as one of the structural characteristics of the place), the sense of the place (one of the mental images of the people from the place) and activity and participation of the individuals in the place are three basic factors forming the concept of a place which have significant effect on the fear of crime within the neighborhoods. The effect of social capital (trust and support) as another effective structural factor on fear of crime in public area within the neighborhoods is approved. Victimization experience is also recognized as a predictor of fear of crime in multi variable analysis of public places inside and outside the neighborhood. Spatial factor's effects on fear of crime in public places inside and outside the neighborhoods show that structural and spatial characteristics of the residence area also affect fear of crime significantly. There is a relation between fear of crime and spatial view and fear of crime is also affected by spatial configuration. Variable of spatial legibility has reductive effect on fear of crime in public places within the neighborhood. Visual accessibility and public place lighting for the people also reduce fear of crime among the people within the neighborhoods. The relation between the movement and the presence of people in the place with the fear of crime outside the neighborhoods is approved. Among social factors, economic-social position of the people has reverse relation with fear of crime. Among reactive factors, the more is the understanding of the people from the crime occurrence in their neighborhoods, the more is the fear of crime in public places outside the neighborhood. Variables of victimization, local legibility, social capital of the neighborhood, informal social control and gender ratio of the place among other reactive factors and variables of usage variation of the place, visual penetration of the place among other structural factors in the model of fear of crime in public places within the neighborhood have significant relation with fear of cri, in public places within the neighborhoods. Also the interaction between variables of vulnerability and gender ration of the place, of disorder and informal social control and of disorder and social capital of the neighborhood has no effect on fear of crime in public places within the neighborhoods. Finally, those variables of structural and reactive classes which are effective and significant are supported to reduce fear of crime.
Category: Social Science