Social Science

1303 Submissions

[4] viXra:1303.0223 [pdf] submitted on 2013-03-31 23:27:08

Problems with the "Oil Curse" Hypothesis and Its Generalization

Authors: Sierra Rayne, Kaya Forest
Comments: 11 Pages.

The concept of an "oil curse" has been widely debated in the literature. Two clear camps have emerged: (1) those that favor the basic hypothesis or a modified version thereof, and (2) those that find little generalizable empirical evidence for the negative impacts of oil and gas development on the political, socio-economic, and/or environmental trajectories of oil and gas producing nations relative to their non-oil and gas producing counterparts. Overall, we find no significant evidence to support a generalizable concept of an oil curse. In general, our results do not seek to dismiss concerns regarding the potential impacts of oil and gas development on some regions, but rather to illustrate that any such impacts do not appear to be universal in either their direction or magnitude. Similar to what other groups have found, we see evidence that - in some cases - increased oil and gas development appears to correlate with improved socio-economic indicators. In other cases, the evidence is ambiguous at best in light of the large numbers of confounding variables that are effectively impossible to rigorously account for in order to obtain clear and unequivocal negative causal mechanisms between oil and gas development and the status of a society.
Category: Social Science

[3] viXra:1303.0213 [pdf] submitted on 2013-03-29 10:42:24

Fuzzy Analysis of School Dropouts and Their Life After

Authors: W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy, Florentin Smarandache, K. Amal, K. Kandasamy
Comments: 146 Pages.

School dropouts in Indian scenario is ever increasing among the rural poor. It is due to poverty and lack of steady income. We analyzed the problem using newly constructed fuzzy models.
Category: Social Science

[2] viXra:1303.0197 [pdf] replaced on 2013-04-01 10:13:18

A Pragmatic Approach Towards Sociology.

Authors: Johan Noldus
Comments: 6 Pages.

The aim of this paper is to propose guidelines to construct workable and calculable models of society in which essential features are disentangled from gratuite desires emanating from the personal morality of its author. This is not to say that the model at hand should not contain a moral aspect, but that the specific form of the latter is a necessary byproduct bounded in time.
Category: Social Science

[1] viXra:1303.0186 [pdf] submitted on 2013-03-24 22:59:30

The Non-Generalizability of The First Law of Petropolitics

Authors: Sierra Rayne, Kaya Forest
Comments: 16 Pages.

In 2006, Friedman wrote an influential and widely cited article in Foreign Policy magazine [May/June (2006) 28-36] stating The First Law of Petropolitics. This law held that the quality of governance in oil-rich petrolist states is inversely correlated with a causative relationship from increasing oil prices. In contrast, we find no generally consistent governance patterns among oil-rich petrolist states related to the price of oil that support any claims for a First Law of Petropolitics.
Category: Social Science