Social Science

1803 Submissions

[9] viXra:1803.0717 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-29 21:00:11

A Phenomenological Comparison

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 1 Page.

An absurd theatric.
Category: Social Science

[8] viXra:1803.0293 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-20 23:59:49

The Hitchhikers' Guide to Reading and Writing Health Research

Authors: Arindam Basu
Comments: 33 Pages. 33

In this paper, we introduce the concepts of critically reading research papers and writing of research proposals and reports. Research methods is a general term that includes the processes of observation of the world around the researcher, linking background knowledge with foreground questions, drafting a plan of collection of data and framing theories and hypotheses, testing the hypotheses, and finally, drafting or writing the research to evoke new knowledge. These processes vary with the themes and disciplines that the researcher engages in; nevertheless, common motifs can be found. In this paper, we propose three methods are interlinked: a deductive reasoning process where the structure of the thought can be captured critically; an inductive reasoning method where the researcher can appraise and generate generalisable ideas from observations of the world; and finally, abductive reasoning method where the world can be explained or the phenomena observed can be explained or be accounted for. This step or reasoning is also about framing theories, testing and challenging established knowledge or finding best theories and how theories best fit the observations. We start with a discussion of the different types of statements that one can come across in any scholarly literature or even in lay or semi-serious literature, appraise them, and identify arguments from non-arguments, and explanations from non-explanations. Then we outline three strategies to appraise and identify reasonings in explanations and arguments. We end with a discussion on how to draft a research proposal and a reading/archiving strategy of research.
Category: Social Science

[7] viXra:1803.0222 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-16 01:01:57

Русь изначальная. Тартария.

Authors: Alexander I. Dubinyansky, Pavel Churlyaev.
Comments: 5 Pages. dubinyansky@mail.ru

Изложена краткая история России. Новый взгляд.
Category: Social Science

[6] viXra:1803.0206 [pdf] replaced on 2018-03-18 20:27:50

Stephen W. Hawking's Grand Legacy

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 8 Pages.

Main paper and foreword.
Category: Social Science

[5] viXra:1803.0022 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-01 09:49:19

Path-Breaking Directions of Nanotechnology-Based Chemotherapy and Molecular Cancer Therapy

Authors: Coccia M., Wang L.
Comments: 28 Pages.

A fundamental question is how to detect likely successful anticancer treatments based on nanotechnology. We confront this question here by analyzing the trajectories of nanotechnologies applied to path-breaking cancer treatments, which endeavour to pinpoint ground-breaking and fruitful directions in nanomedicine. Results tend to show two main technological waves of cancer treatments by nanotechnology applications. The early technological wave in the early 2000s was embodied in some types of chemotherapy agents with a broad spectrum, while after 2006, the second technological wave appeared with new nano-technological applications in both chemotherapy agents and molecular target therapy. The present study shows new directions of nanotechnology-based chemotherapy and -molecular cancer therapy in new treatments for breast, lung, brain and colon cancers. A main finding of this study is the recognition that, since the late 2000s, the sharp increase of several technological trajectories of nanotechnologies and anticancer drugs seems to be driven by high rates of mortality of some types of cancers (e.g. pancreatic and brain ones) in order to find more effectiveness anticancer therapies that increase the survival of patients. The study here also shows that worldwide leader countries in these vital research fields and in particular the specialization of some countries in applications of nanotechnology to treat specific cancer (e.g. Switzerland in prostate cancer, Japan in colon, China in ovarian and Greece in pancreatic cancer). These ground-breaking technological trajectories are paving new directions in biomedicine and generating a revolution in clinical practice that may lead to more effective anticancer treatments in a not-too-distant future.
Category: Social Science

[4] viXra:1803.0021 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-01 09:51:48

Evolutionary Growth of Knowledge and New Technological Directions of Non-Thermal Plasma Technology in Medicine

Authors: Coccia M., Finardi U.
Comments: 24 Pages.

The paper analyzes the evolution of scientific production and patenting, main proxies of scientific and technological breakthroughs, concerning non-thermal plasma for biomedical applications in order to detect emerging technological trajectories. New scientific directions of non-thermal plasma in medicine play a critical role because they might generate important innovations that could change the clinical practice. Occurrences of scientific products and patents are retrieved with Boolean queries on SciVerse database after a meticulous procedure to delineate the most promising applications in biomedical sciences. Data are analyzed with two methodological approaches: an exponential model of growth and regression analysis. Results show high rates of scientific growth for applications of nonthermal plasma in disinfection, anticancer treatments, dermatology, whereas for surgery, although values of occurrences are similar to the other research fields, it shows a different trend that after the 2005 is decreasing due to the peculiar application to materials for implantation. Some arguments are discussed at the end of the paper.
Category: Social Science

[3] viXra:1803.0020 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-01 09:54:51

Emerging Scientific Directions in Plasma Technology for Food Decontamination

Authors: Coccia M., Finardi U.
Comments: 24 Pages.

The purpose of this research is to analyze the evolutionary growth of knowledge in nonthermal plasma technologies applied for food decontamination in order to pinpoint emerging scientific directions. The sample uses 22,836 articles and 2,282 patents from Scopus/SciVerse database in order to calculate the rate of scientific and technological growth that may detect emerging technological trajectories and applications. Results show that emerging plasma technology for food decontamination are mainly cold atmospheric pressure plasma and gas plasma. Moreover, plasma seems to be a promising technology for decontamination of fresh food from bacteria Staphylococcus Aureus, Listeria Monocytogenes and Pseudomonas Aeruginosa, respectively. However, key limitations are the relatively early state of technology development, and the largely unexplored impacts of non thermal plasma on nutritional qualities of treated foods. Nevertheless, this technology shows promise for biodecontamination and is the subject of active research to enhance efficacy and open up crucial opportunities to industrial and social safety.
Category: Social Science

[2] viXra:1803.0019 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-01 09:56:34

Technological Innovations in Agricultural Tractors: Adopters’ Behaviour Towards New Technological Trajectories and Future Directions

Authors: Ferrari E., Bollani L., Coccia M., Cavallo E.
Comments: 33 Pages.

Latest advancements in tractors engineering have allowed farmers to increase productivity, and simultaneously to reduce operator’s hazards. However, little attention has been given to farmers’ behaviour and attitude toward the adoption of technological innovations concerning agricultural tractors. The study explores farmers’ behaviours on agricultural tractors current and future technological trajectories. A main case study concerning Italy is analyzed. Results show three different behaviours of farmers concerning tractors’ technological innovations. These adopters’ profiles would help developing new technologies that satisfy, more and more, farmers’ needs and expectations, speeding up the adoption process, enhancing agricultural tractors’ efficacy and efficiency.
Category: Social Science

[1] viXra:1803.0018 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-01 09:57:52

Population and Technological Innovation: the Optimal Interaction Across Modern Countries

Authors: Coccia M.
Comments: 23 Pages.

Population growth is one of the major problems facing the world today because it affects the pattern of sustainable economic growth. Theory of endogenous growth shows that total research output increases faster than proportionally with population due to increases in the size of the market, more intensive intellectual contact and greater specialization. The study here analyses the relationship between population growth and level of technological outputs (patent applications of residents), focusing on OECD countries. The study seems to show the existence of an inverted-U shaped curve between the growth rate of population and the patents with an optimal zone in which the average rate of growth of the population (roughly 0.3131%) is likely to be associated to a higher level of technological outputs. The policy implications of the study are that, in average, it is difficult to sustain a optimal level of technological outputs either with a low (lower than 0.2197%) or high (higher than 1.0133%) average growth rate of population (annual). In addition, the estimated relationship of technological outputs vs. population growth tends to be affected by decreasing returns of technological innovation to population growth.
Category: Social Science