Classical Physics

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Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed further down

[614] viXra:1504.0128 [pdf] submitted on 2015-04-16 05:04:10

Theorem of the Keplerian Kinematics

Authors: Hervé Le Cornec
Comments: 5 Pages.

Any mobile having a velocity which is the addition of a rotation velocity and a translation velocity, both with a constant modulus, will follow a trajectory that respects the three laws of Kepler. This article demonstrate this theorem and discuss it. An important result is to forecast the mathematical structure of the Newton's acceleration of attraction, not any more as a prior, but as a consequence, the subsequent centripetal acceleration due to the rotation velocity.
Category: Classical Physics

[613] viXra:1504.0094 [pdf] submitted on 2015-04-12 07:22:42

On the Geometry of the Universe

Authors: Alberto Coe
Comments: 5 Pages.

A numerical essay concerning to the geometry of the Universe and the evolution over time .
Category: Classical Physics

[612] viXra:1504.0090 [pdf] submitted on 2015-04-11 10:36:34

Magnetic and Elektrik Monopoles

Authors: Tobias Richter
Comments: 4 Pages. It 's just an idea

It is a new view , to the world
Category: Classical Physics

[611] viXra:1504.0088 [pdf] submitted on 2015-04-11 08:32:04

Mathematical Model of Electric Tornado \\ Математическая модель электрического торнадо

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 12 Pages. in Russian

It is assumed that the existence of a tornado depends on set internal lightning. Developed a mathematical model of a tornado, showing the structure of the electromagnetic field and electrocution in a tornado. Next is shown (as a consequence of this model) that in a tornado can circulate flow of electromagnetic energy and thus can save energy obtained tornado from electric discharges. Shows the cause of the stability of the shape and the vertical position of a tornado, and the reasons for the motion, vibrations and expansion of a tornado. \\ Предполагается, что существование торнадо обеспечивается множеством внутренних молний. Строится математическая модель торнадо, показывается структура электромагнитного поля и электротоков в торнадо. Далее показывается (как следствие этой модели), что в торнадо может циркулировать поток электромагнитной энергии и таким образом может сохраняться энергия, полученная торнадо при электрических разрядах. Показываются причины устойчивости формы и вертикального положения торнадо, а также причины движения, колебания и расширения торнадо.
Category: Classical Physics

[610] viXra:1504.0061 [pdf] submitted on 2015-04-08 14:29:05

The Flow Structure of the Electromagnetic Energy in the Wire with Constant Current // Структура потока электромагнитной энергии в проводе с постоянным током

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 8 Pages. in Russian

Describes the structure of the flow of electromagnetic energy in the wire with constant current. It is shown that there is a flow directed radially towards the center of the wire; is a flow circulating around the circumference of the wire; is a flow directed along wires in the main current direction. No flow which is directed from the outside to a lateral surface of the wire. // Рассматривается структура потоков электромагнитной энергии в проводе, по которому идет постоянный ток. Показывается, что существует поток, направленный по радиусу к центру провода; поток, циркулирующий по окружности сечения провода; поток, направленный вдоль провода в направлении основного тока. Поток, направленный извне в боковую поверхность провода, отсутствует.
Category: Classical Physics

[609] viXra:1503.0271 [pdf] submitted on 2015-03-31 17:50:28

Algae Domes: Expedient Method Augmenting Biofuel Supply

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin, Shmuel Neumann, Joseph Friedlander, Zarek Newman
Comments: 15 Pages.

Pioneering the development of dome technology, the authors have devised an algae dome where the algae are grown between the walls of two transparent domes, one inside the other, with only 10 cm between the outer and inner walls. These domes are inflatable and are held up only by air pressure. Circulating water in the 10 cm between the outer and inner dome is the breeding ground for the algae. It has the advantage of the bioreactors as it is insulated from outside contaminants but is inexpensive and has more area exposed than the breeding pond. Further, inside the dome, the floor space of the dome can be a shielded pond increasing the algae crop yield or can be used as a greenhouse.
Category: Classical Physics

[608] viXra:1503.0265 [pdf] submitted on 2015-03-31 05:14:59

On the Black Holes

Authors: José Francisco García Juliá
Comments: 2 Pages.

In this note, it is showed that a black hole can be formed, but also to come undone.
Category: Classical Physics

[607] viXra:1503.0241 [pdf] submitted on 2015-03-29 10:50:34

Structure of Constant Current \\ Структура постоянного тока

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 12 Pages. in Russian

Consider the structure of the wire with constant current \\ Рассматривается структура постоянного тока в проводе
Category: Classical Physics

[606] viXra:1503.0204 [pdf] submitted on 2015-03-26 23:03:36

Purely Mechanical Memristors and the Missing Memristor

Authors: Sascha Vongehr
Comments: 13 Pages. 4 figures

This work is suppressed since 2010 and led to established scientists to be banned on the arXiv. We thank viXra for making critical work like this still available to relatively uncorrupted parts of the scientific community. We define a mechanical analog to the electrical basic circuit element M = dφ/dQ, the ideal mechanical memristance M = dp/dx, p being momentum. A never before described mechanical memory resistor M(x) is independent of velocity v and has a pinched hysteretic loop that collapses at high frequency in the v versus p plot: a perfect memristor. However, its memristance does not crucially involve inert mass, and the mechanical system helps clarifying that memristor devices hypothesized on grounds of physical symmetries require more. The missing mechanical perfect memristor needs to be crucially mass-involving (MI) precisely like the 1971 implied memristor device needs magnetism. Discussing novel MI memristive systems clarifies why such perfect MI memristors and EM memristors have not been discovered and may be impossible.
Category: Classical Physics

[605] viXra:1503.0195 [pdf] submitted on 2015-03-26 08:24:14

How Light Bends & Curves

Authors: Christina Munns
Comments: 9 Pages. All rights reserved Copyright 2013

ABSTRACT The aim of this paper is to explain the mechanism of how light both bends and curves and to discuss these findings in the light of current understanding of the properties of a gravitational field. This paper explains how gravity does not commute with the phenomenon of light since the gravitational force is a conserved vector field and is path independent. Also gravity is irrotational and thus has zero curl and so could not cause light to curve.. The essential argument of this paper is that the bending of light arises as a result of a difference in the refractive index between two identical reference frames travelling at different velocities and that the curvature of light arises as a direct result of the rotational symmetry of time which is intrinsic to the phenomenon of acceleration. Therefore the deviation of light from its path is not due to the presence of the gravitational field as expressed in Einstein’s Theory of General Relativity but is instead due to the CP violating and distorting effect of the phenomenon of time which is intrinsic to all material states.
Category: Classical Physics

[604] viXra:1503.0175 [pdf] submitted on 2015-03-23 13:26:55

A Model to Comprehend the Dynamics of an Observable Phenomenon in the View of Newtonian Mechanics

Authors: Vigneswaran Ramamoorthy
Comments: 11 Pages.

This paper’s purpose is to show the effectiveness of an approach to formulate and understand the dynamics of an observable phenomenon through Newtonian mechanics. The approach starts by taking a simpler analogue of the problem we need to understand, and solving both the simpler and the real case simultaneously. Then, I have split the real case into two independent cases. The major part of the paper will be concentrated on demonstrating that the approach I choose is effective in comprehending the dynamics of the phenomenon. The problem I have considered is, in a circus, a co-worker saves a person who falls down during a rehearsal by dashing him in the horizontal direction, from a few feet above the ground. In the rest of the paper, for ease, I will be calling the person who saved as rescuer and the person who is being saved as casualty. The analysis of the problem is based on the assumptions that the collision between the rescuer and the casualty is an inelastic collision and after the total mass of rescuer and casualty come in the contact with the ground, it remains stationary.
Category: Classical Physics

[603] viXra:1503.0168 [pdf] submitted on 2015-03-23 07:07:00

Optical Bus Ghost

Authors: Mourici Shachter
Comments: 2 Pages.

I paid attention that when I seat in a bus just behind the second door , very near to the window. I see my face image magnified. And I ask for a detailed explanation to this phenomena Atached pictures explain the ghost problem
Category: Classical Physics

[602] viXra:1503.0164 [pdf] submitted on 2015-03-23 04:48:25

Magnetism as an Electric Angle-Effect and Gravitation as an Electric Effect

Authors: Hans-joerg Hochecker
Comments: 39 Pages.

At first, I regard magnetism. I can show that the magnetic force is an electric angle-effect by establishing two postulates: the dependence of the electric force on the velocity, and the existence of the anti-field. With the help of a third postulate, this is the quantization of the energy-transfer of the electric field, I then show that gravitation is also an electric effect. So, the three postulates describe three qualities of the electric field by which magnetism and gravitation can be derived. I finally carry out quantum-mechanical considerations at which the three postulates will be excellently confirmed. For the correct classification of this work I must mention that the theory of special relativity is absolutely considered as being correct and that it is an important and necessary component of this work.
Category: Classical Physics

[601] viXra:1503.0162 [pdf] submitted on 2015-03-21 17:32:35

Flux Quantization Validates Electromagnetic Induction in the Photoelectric Effect

Authors: Ionel DINU, M.Sc.
Comments: 3 Pages. A Rapid Communication supplementing the article Radio Waves – Part III The Photoelectric Effect

Abstract This short communication is a supplement to the article Radio Waves – Part III The Photoelectric Effect in which I advanced the hypothesis that the photoelectric effect can be explained as an effect of electromagnetic induction occurring at the surface of the illuminated metal. A striking support for the validity of this hypothesis has been discovered recently by the present author in the quantization of the magnetic flux observed experimentally more than 50 years ago.
Category: Classical Physics

[600] viXra:1503.0153 [pdf] submitted on 2015-03-19 05:41:16

From Three Body to Many Body Motion,Classical

Authors: Anamitra Palit
Comments: 18 Pages.

Three body motion or many body motion in relation to gravitation and other types of interaction has always occupied an enviable position in the history of physics in view of its complexity especially in comparison with the simpler two body motion. The challenge offered by these problems have been a continuous source of inspiration for mathematicians and physicists to work out solutions. This article is a modest endeavor to analyze and solve the problem as far possible .A method for solving the four body and in general the many body problem has been discussed. Certain peculiarities of the two body motion have been pointed out highlighting them in connection with three body motion and with many body motion.
Category: Classical Physics

[599] viXra:1503.0127 [pdf] submitted on 2015-03-16 02:40:47

The Graviton Field as the Source of Mass and Gravitational Force in the Modernized le Sage’s Model

Authors: Sergey G. Fedosin
Comments: 30 Pages.

The formula for the gravitational force inside a spherical body is derived, as well as for the Newtonian force of attraction between bodies from the standpoint of the gravitons’ model. The parameters of the graviton field are estimated, including its energy density, energy flux and the cross section of interaction with matter. The equation is derived, from which it follows that the body mass is proportional to the power of radiation energy of the body from those of gravitons that interacted with the matter and gave their momentum to the body. The conclusion is made based on the theory of infinite nesting of matter that gravitons are generated at all matter levels by the densest objects such as nucleons and neutron stars.
Category: Classical Physics

[598] viXra:1503.0126 [pdf] submitted on 2015-03-16 02:51:50

The Charged Component of the Vacuum Field as the Source of Electric Force in the Modernized le Sage’s Model

Authors: Sergey G. Fedosin
Comments: 48 Pages.

The formula is derived for the electric force inside a uniformly charged spherical body, as well as for the Coulomb force between the charged bodies from the standpoint of the model of the vacuum field with charged particles. The parameters of the fluxes of charged particles are estimated, including the energy density, energy flux and cross section of interaction with the charged matter. The interaction cross section is almost exactly equal to the geometric cross section of nucleons and becomes equal to the cross section of interaction of gravitons with the matter, if it is assumed that the ratio of the energy density of graviton fluxes to the energy density of the charged particles in the vacuum field is equal to the ratio of masses of the proton and the electron. In this case, the energy density of gravitons in the Le Sage’s gravitation model is expressed in terms of the strong gravitational constant, which establishes connection between the ordinary gravitation at the level of stars and the strong gravitation at the atomic-nucleon level of matter. The relation is derived, which connects the body charge and the rate of emission from the body of the charged particles of the vacuum field, which interacted with the matter and transferred their momentum to the body. The charge to mass ratio is determined for the charged particles that make up photons and the charged component of the gravitational field. These particles are identified as praons, while the praon level of matter is considered a lower level relative to the nucleon level of matter. Praons are related to nucleons the same way as nucleons are related to neutron stars. Based on the theory of infinite nesting of matter a conclusion is made that the charged particles of the vacuum field are generated at all levels of matter by the densest objects, such as nucleons and neutron stars.
Category: Classical Physics

[597] viXra:1503.0099 [pdf] submitted on 2015-03-12 17:22:17

Generator Rossi: Cold Fusion or Ether?

Authors: Etkin V.A.
Comments: 11 Pages. in Russian

It is shown that the real source of the excess energy in the generator Rossi is ether, not cold nuclear fusion and not transmutation of chemical elements.
Category: Classical Physics

[596] viXra:1503.0076 [pdf] submitted on 2015-03-11 07:40:15

Mathematical Model of Ball Lightning \\ Математическая модель шаровой молнии

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 21 Pages. in Russian

Based on the Maxwell's equations and on the understanding of the electrical conductivity of the body of ball lightning, a mathematical model of ball lightning is built; the structure of the electromagnetic field and of electric current in it is shown. Next it is shown (as a consequence of this model) that in a ball lightning the flow of electromagnetic energy can circulate and thus the energy obtained by a ball lightning when it occurs can be saved. Sustainability, luminescence, charge, time being, the mechanism of formation and physical modeling of ball lightning are briefly discussed. \\ На основе уравнений Максвелла и представления об электропроводности тела шаровой молнии строится математическая модель шаровой молнии, показывается структура электромагнитного поля и электротоков в ней. Далее показывается (как следствие этой модели), что в шаровой молнии может циркулировать поток электромагнитной энергии и таким образом может сохраняться энергия, полученная шаровой молнией при ее возникновении. Кратко рассматриваются также устойчивость, свечение, заряд, время существования, механизм образования, физическое моделирование шаровой молнии.
Category: Classical Physics

[595] viXra:1503.0073 [pdf] submitted on 2015-03-10 19:18:56

Inertia and Gravity

Authors: Robert M. Hartranft, Scott W. Hartranft
Comments: 2 Pages.

We argue that inertial mass and gravitational mass are identical because inertia is simply self-gravity. We further suggest that by analogy with the photon, the graviton has mass zero.
Category: Classical Physics

[594] viXra:1503.0068 [pdf] submitted on 2015-03-10 09:48:27

Electromagnetic Energy Flux in a Conductor with a Alternating Current // Поток электромагнитной энергии в проводнике с переменным током

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 2 Pages. in Russian

It is shown that the flow of electricity, which compensates for the heat losses in wire with alternating current, extends inside the wire. In this case, an alternating current creates of a standing electromagnetic wave in the vicinity of the wire. Standing wave not can transmit energy from outside into the wire. \\ Показывается, что поток электроэнергии, компенсирующей тепловые потери в проводе с переменным током, распространяется внутри провода. При этом переменный ток создает стоячую электромагнитную волну в окрестности провода. Такая волна не может передавать энергию извне в провод.
Category: Classical Physics

[593] viXra:1503.0065 [pdf] submitted on 2015-03-09 16:17:39

Mathematical Model of Ball Lightning

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 20 Pages.

Based on the Maxwell's equations and on the understanding of the electrical conductivity of the body of ball lightning, a mathematical model of ball lightning is built; the structure of the electromagnetic field and of electric current in it is shown. Next it is shown (as a consequence of this model) that in a ball lightning the flow of electromagnetic energy can circulate and thus the energy obtained by a ball lightning when it occurs can be saved. Sustainability, luminescence, charge, time being, the mechanism of formation and physical modeling of ball lightning are briefly discussed.
Category: Classical Physics

[592] viXra:1503.0049 [pdf] submitted on 2015-03-07 12:03:18

An Alternative Classical Mechanics

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 6 Pages. Spanish

This paper presents an alternative classical mechanics which is invariant under transformations between inertial and non-inertial reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without the necessity of introducing fictitious forces.
Category: Classical Physics

[591] viXra:1503.0048 [pdf] submitted on 2015-03-07 05:20:35

Electromagnetic Energy Flux in a Conductor with a Constant Current \\ Поток электромагнитной энергии в проводнике с постоянным током

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 6 Pages. in Russian

We prove (in the framework of classical electrodynamics) that the flow of electromagnetic energy in a conductor • directed along the axis of the wire, • extends along the axis of the wire, • extends inside the wire, • compensate for heat loss. The flow of electromagnetic energy is distributed in the wire to drive an electric current. Wherein the leading edge of propagating current creates a flow of electromagnetic energy which excites the next element of the current, etc. // Доказывается (в рамках классической электродинамики), что поток электроэнергии в проводнике •направлен вдоль оси провода, •распространяется вдоль оси провода, •распространяется внутри провода, •компенсирует тепловые потери. Поток электромагнитной энергии распространяется в проводе, возбуждая электрический ток. При этом передний фронт распространяющегося тока создает поток электромагнитной энергии, который возбуждает следующий элемент тока и т.д.
Category: Classical Physics

[590] viXra:1503.0031 [pdf] submitted on 2015-03-04 10:31:22

An Alternative Mechanical Energy

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 1 Page. Spanish

This paper presents an alternative mechanical energy which is invariant under transformations between inertial and non-inertial reference frames.
Category: Classical Physics

[589] viXra:1502.0232 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-26 08:22:35

Black Hole Whose Entropy is Equal to the Inverse of Fine Structure Constant

Authors: Alberto Coe
Comments: 2 Pages.

The entropy of a black hole analyzed assuming that the surface area of events horizon belongs to a geometric object called torus .
Category: Classical Physics

[588] viXra:1502.0203 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-22 10:22:52

Unification of the Gravitational and Inertial Interactions

Authors: Richard A Peters
Comments: 30 Pages.

Two models of the gravitational and inertial interactions are considered in this paper, the Newtonian model and the TI field model. We’ll see how each model addresses the equivalence principle and the three properties of mass: passive gravitational mass, active gravitational mass and inertial mass. In the Newtonian model the ratio of passive gravitational mass to inertial mass of an object falling at relativistic speed toward a black hole changes, so the often stated equivalence of these two properties of mass is not upheld. In the Newtonian model, absent extraneous forces, all objects moving at non- relativistic speed in a gravitational field accelerate at the same rate because the ratio Mp / MI of the passive gravitational mass to the inertial mass is the same for all objects regardless of their intrinsic mass or constitution. The ratio Mp / MI of the passive gravitational mass to inertial mass need not be unity for the acceleration of objects in a gravitational field to be the same for all objects regardless of size or constitution. In the common expression for the acceleration profile about a gravitational body the ratio Mp / MI of the passive gravitational mass to the inertial mass is sequestered within the gravitational constant G itself. The TI field model of gravity and inertia unifies the nature of the gravitational and inertial interactions through the acceleration of massive particles relative to the TI field, an acceleration that is common both to the acceleration of an object in response to an external force and the acceleration of the TI field in response to gravity. The TI field model unifies the nature of the gravitational and inertial interactions not by equating the numerical values of passive gravitational mass and inertial mass, but by the relative acceleration of the TI field and matter particles that underlies both
Category: Classical Physics

[587] viXra:1502.0187 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-21 07:41:27

Cosmological Constant .a Geometric Look .

Authors: Alberto Coe
Comments: 3 Pages.

Will try to relate two disparate physical constants by means of a particular geometry .
Category: Classical Physics

[586] viXra:1502.0183 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-20 15:48:19

Review Part 1 of New Ideas, Innovation of Non-Rocket Propulsion Systems for Space Launch and Flight

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 35 Pages.

In the past years the author and other scientists have published a series of new methods which promise to revolutionize the space propulsion systems, space launching and flight. These include the cable propulsion system, circle propulsion system and space keeper, kinetic propulsion system, gas-tube propulsion system, sliding rotary method, asteroid employment, electromagnetic accelerator, Sun and magnetic sail, solar wind sail, radioisotope sail, electrostatic space sail, laser beam propulsion system, kinetic anti-gravitator (repulsator), Earth-Moon non-rocket and Earth-Mars non-rocket transport system, multi-reflective beam propulsion system, electrostatic levitation, etc. Some of them have the potential to decrease launch costs thousands of time, other allow to change the speed and direction of space apparatus without the spending of fuel. The author reviews and summarizes some revolutionary propulsion systems for scientists, engineers, inventors, students and the public.
Category: Classical Physics

[585] viXra:1502.0182 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-20 15:55:38

Review Part 2 of New Ideas, Innovations of Non-Rocket Propulsion Systems for Space Launch and Flight

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 68 Pages.

In the past years, the author and other scientists have published a series of new methods which promise to revolutionize the space propulsion systems, space launching and flight. These include the electrostatic AB-ramjet space propulsion, beam space propulsion, MagSail, high speed AB-solar sail, transfer electricity in outer space, simplest AB-thermonuclear space propulsion, electrostatic linear engine and cable space launcher, AB-levitrons, electrostatic climber, AB-space propulsion, convertor any matter in nuclear energy, femtotechnology, wireless transfer of energy, magnetic space launcher, railgun, superconductivity rail gun, etc. Some of them have the potential to decrease launch costs thousands of time, other allow to change the speed and direction of space apparatus without the spending of fuel. The author reviews and summarizes some revolutionary propulsion systems for scientists, engineers, inventors, students and the public.
Category: Classical Physics

[584] viXra:1502.0181 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-20 16:04:08

Review Part 3 of New Ideas, Innovations of Non-Rocket Propulsion Systems for Space Launch and Flight

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 67 Pages. 67

In the past years the author and other scientists have published a series of new methods which promise to revolutionize the space technology. These include the Space Elevator, Men without the space suite into space, Artificial gravity, New method of atmospheric re-entry for space ship, Inflatable Dome for Moon, Mars, asteroids, Closed loop water cycle, Climber for Space Elevator, Cheap Protection from Nuclear Warhead, Wireless transfer of electricity throw outer Space, Artificial explosion of Sun, etc. Some of them have the potential to decrease the space research costs in thousands of time, other allow decreasing the cost of the space exploration. The author reviews and summarizes some revolutionary ideas, innovations and patent applications for scientists, engineers, inventors, students and the public. Key words: Space Elevator, Men without the space suite into space, Artificial gravity, New method of atmospheric re-entry, Inflatable Dome for space, Closed loop water cycle, Climber for Space Elevator, Cheap protection from Nuclear Warhead, Wireless transfer of electricity throw outer Space, Artificial explosion of Sun.
Category: Classical Physics

[583] viXra:1502.0180 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-20 16:25:17

АБ-материя и иглы. Потрясающие свойства.

Authors: Bolonkin A.A.
Comments: 6 Pages. In Russian

В 2008г автором был предложен и исследован новый искусственный вид ядерной материи (АБ-материя), который не встречается в природе. Опираясь на хорошо известные законы ядерной физики, автор показал, что предлагаемый искусственный материал будет обладать потрясающими свойствами: Он будет в миллионы моллионов раз прочнее всех известных материалов (включая знаменитые искусственные нанотрубы), может выдерживать температуру в миллионы градусов, обладает почти нулевой теплопроводностью, сверхпроводимостью, в одной из форм способен быть невидимым и пропускать сквозь себя обычную материю, в другой форме защищать от любого излучения, включая ядерное оружие. Краткие результаты исследования были опубликованы в статье “Femtotechnology: Nuclear AB-Matter with Fantastic Properties” [1] American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences. 2 (2), 2009, p.501-514. (http://www.scribd.com/doc/24045154), (http://www.scipub.org/fulltext/ajeas/ajeas22501-514.pdf) и некоторые его применения развиты в статье “Femtotechnology: Design of the Strongest AB-Matter for Aerospace”,(2009), http://www.archive.org/details/FemtotechnologyDesignOfTheStrongestAb-matterForAerospace . Дальнейшие исследования устойчивости отдельных форм АБ-материи показало, что тончайшие нити из этой материи (АБ-иглы в миллион раз меньше атома водорода) обладают удивительным свойством: они находятся в натянутом состоянии и способны проникать безболезненно не только в человеческое тело, но доставлять микроприботы в любые укрытия из обычной материи на гиганские расстояния, в недра Земли, планет и Солнца. В частности, безракетные космические корабли на планеты солнечной системы. Некоторые результаты этих исследований в популярной форме излагаются ниже.
Category: Classical Physics

[582] viXra:1502.0179 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-20 12:24:31

Превращение материи в ядерную энергию АБ-генератором (популярное изложение научной статьи)

Authors: Bolonkin A.A., Bolonkin A.A.
Comments: 8 Pages. Converting of Matter to Nuclear Energy by AB-Generator and its Application by Alexander Bolonkin (in Russian)

Еще из школьного учебника физики все хорошо знают закон Эйнштейна Е = Мс2 (где Е -энергия, М- масса, с = 300 тысяч км/сек – скорость), который связывает массу любого тела и энергию. Он показывает, что любое материальное тело (камни, песок, мусор) обладают гигантской энергией в миллионы раз большей чем нефть, газ, уголь и в тысячи раз большей, чем известные термоядерные реакции. Но как ее добыть из любого материального тела (камня, песка, мусора) - не знает никто. Лишь в последние годы появилась первая работа [2] , которая наметила путь, позволяющий в принципе прямо превращать материю согласно формулы Эйнштеина в самый удобный вид энергии – электричество. Реализация этого предложения означает гигантский скачек в развитии человечества, сравнимый с изобретением книгопечатания, электронно-счетной машины или выходом человечества в космос. Как предлагается это делать и показано в данной статье.
Category: Classical Physics

[581] viXra:1502.0178 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-20 14:02:31

Wireless Transfer of Electricity from Continent to Continent

Authors: Bolonkin A.A.
Comments: 14 Pages.

transferring electric energy in long distance – from one continent to other continent through Earth ionosphere and storage the electric energy into ionosphere. Early he also offered the electronic tubes as the method of transportation of electricity into outer space and the electrostatic space 100 km towers for connection to Earth ionosphere. Early it is offered connection to Earth ionosphere by 100 km solid or inflatable towers. There are difficult for current technology. In given work the research this connection by thin plastic tubes supported in atmosphere by electron gas and electrostatic force. Building this system is cheap and easy for current technology. The computed project allows estimating the possibility of the suggested method.
Category: Classical Physics

[580] viXra:1502.0154 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-18 05:33:23

A Condition For Suspension Of Gravitational Field

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi, Roderic S Lakes, Peter T Timbie, Tao Han
Comments: 5 Pages.

In this research monograph, a condition for suspension of gravitational field is presented.For this analysis, the concept of Permittivity of free space for a Graviton has been advented and utilized.
Category: Classical Physics

[579] viXra:1502.0150 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-17 13:41:38

An Alternative Kinetic Energy

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 6 Pages. Spanish

This paper presents an alternative kinetic energy which is invariant under transformations between inertial and non-inertial reference frames.
Category: Classical Physics

[578] viXra:1502.0149 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-17 14:05:00

Unipolar DC Electric Motor. Faraday Paradox.

Authors: Ángel Blanco Nápoles
Comments: 5 Pages. Language is not English. Polkovnik Kondrashov.

Unipolar motor. Faraday paradox. Blanco effect. Free energy. Polkovnik Kondrashov. In some case when you try to move the rotor of this unipolar DC Electric Motor you cant not or will obtain not to much turns and after disconnecting the electric supply by disengage of the brush, the rotor will rotate in the backward sense of rotation almost the same quantity of the quantity of turns that is in forward direction.
Category: Classical Physics

[577] viXra:1502.0098 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-13 06:42:53

Comment on the Gravitational Blindage

Authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi
Comments: 2 Pages.

Observation that the Earth can be a shield to the gravitational force of the Sun, and measures the acceleration of Earth's gravity can verify this hypothesis.
Category: Classical Physics

[576] viXra:1502.0091 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-12 14:03:36

A Reformulation of Classical Mechanics

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 6 Pages. Spanish

This paper presents a reformulation of classical mechanics which is invariant under transformations between inertial and non-inertial reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without the necessity of introducing fictitious forces.
Category: Classical Physics

[575] viXra:1502.0084 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-11 13:39:03

A Linear Equation of Motion

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 6 Pages. Spanish

This paper presents a linear equation of motion which is invariant under transformations between reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without the necessity of introducing fictitious forces.
Category: Classical Physics

[574] viXra:1502.0062 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-08 13:49:15

Electrodynamic Force Laws and Hot Fusion

Authors: T. E. Phipps Jr.
Comments: 5 Pages.

A reformulation of Maxwell's equations that is invariant under the Galilean transformation, rather than covariant under the Lorentz transformation, is proposed. It leads to the customary Lorentz force law plus an extra term that is the gradient of a scalar quantity. This extra term would not be observable in experiments using steady circuital currents. But it should produce destabilizing effects similar to Ampere longitudinal forces in plasma experiments, such as those involving Tokamaks and similar devices aimed at controlling hot fusion.
Category: Classical Physics

[573] viXra:1502.0057 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-06 16:25:28

Causation, Propagation and Detection of Cylindrical Electromagnetic Fields

Authors: Frank H. Makinson
Comments: 5 Pages. See question on magnetic moments.

A dielectric array transmitting structure, formed into a partial circle, demonstrated the propagation of electromagnetic fields that decayed with distance by 1/R rather than 1/R2. The array had an electromagnetic field wavefront with an angular rate which will present signal detection and identification problems to conventional antenna-receiver-signal processing systems. A properly structured cylindrical electromagnetic field creates a contiguously linked field from the point of emission to where it has propagated.
Category: Classical Physics

[572] viXra:1502.0049 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-05 15:37:12

A Radial Equation of Motion

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 4 Pages. Spanish

This paper presents a radial equation of motion which is invariant under transformations between reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without the necessity of introducing fictitious forces.
Category: Classical Physics

[571] viXra:1502.0042 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-05 08:24:46

Force and Geometry

Authors: Alberto Coe
Comments: 2 Pages.

Will describe a geometric link related with the ratio between two physical forces , gravitational force and electromagnetic force .
Category: Classical Physics

[570] viXra:1502.0040 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-04 16:43:50

Dimensionality is Tautological

Authors: Charles Nunno
Comments: 1 Page.

Conceiving of a 4th dimension, 2nd dimension or 1 dimension, is actually incorrect speech and we should stop using it either theoretically or analogously until evidence is provided for dimensionality which involves anything more or less than exactly three. The 3rd dimension is the only dimension that exists to known science.
Category: Classical Physics

[569] viXra:1502.0022 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-03 14:56:45

A Scalar Equation of Motion

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 5 Pages. Spanish

This paper presents a scalar equation of motion which is invariant under transformations between reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without the necessity of introducing fictitious forces.
Category: Classical Physics

[568] viXra:1501.0254 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-31 14:23:45

Linear, Angular & Radial Momentum

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 6 Pages. Spanish

This paper presents the linear momentum, the angular momentum and the radial momentum of a system of N particles, which give rise to the conservation laws of linear momentum, angular momentum and energy.
Category: Classical Physics

[567] viXra:1501.0241 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-28 05:05:22

Unified Field Theory

Authors: Nikolaj Roerich
Comments: 1 Page.

The paper briefly shows how all paradoxes of modern Science including Physics are solved leading to Unified Field Theory.
Category: Classical Physics

[566] viXra:1501.0224 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-24 09:35:46

A Simple Rotational Classical Mechanics

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 5 Pages. This paper is written in Spanish.

In classical mechanics, this paper presents a simple rotational classical mechanics which can be applied in any reference frame inertial or non-inertial.
Category: Classical Physics

[565] viXra:1501.0222 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-24 11:07:52

Nature of Time

Authors: Nainan K. Varghese
Comments: 6 Pages. Originally published in FQXi Forum

Time is a functional entity, derived from fundamental property of basic 3D matter-particles (photons) to move at a constant linear seed with respect to surrounding universal medium. 3D matter has no ability to act or move. It is the surrounding (all-encompassing) universal medium, which moves basic 3D matter-particles at the highest possible linear speed. Unit of time is related to interval required by a photon to traverse definite extent of universal medium in space. Relating various activities about 3D matter-bodies to time helps us to rationalise in terms of cause and effect relations. Due to its lack of physical form, time can neither expand nor contract nor flow in any direction.
Category: Classical Physics

[564] viXra:1501.0215 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-23 20:15:34

Manifestation of the Conservation of Angular Momentum in Different Aspects of Human Life

Authors: Mark Krinker
Comments: 11 Pages.

The paper unites different phenomena of Physics and human life, having nothing common from a first look, on a base of the angular momentum and its conservation in various manifestations like the Nipher effect, aerodynamic circulation, mind-matter events and others. All the dissimilar objects, including even social ones, can be physically represented with the Field Gyroscope, which is a quantum object having measurable parameters like a power, angular momentum and others. The instruments for that have been developed by the author. This approach enables analysis of relations between wide classes of phenomena in terms of their interconnectedness.
Category: Classical Physics

[563] viXra:1501.0207 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-22 06:27:08

Dynamic Scalar Potential and the Electrokinetic Electric Field

Authors: F. F. Mende
Comments: 12 Pages.

In the article is described the new physical of phenomenon, which indicates that in the superconductors the stationary electric field can exist. This field exists in the surface layer of superconductor and it is directed normal to its surface. Since the field indicated is the consequence of the kinetic motion of charges in the superconductor, it can be named electrokinetic electric field. The value of this field is small, but it are new, previously unknown, property of the superconductive state.
Category: Classical Physics

[562] viXra:1501.0199 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-21 04:39:51

Corrected Newton´s Laws of Motion

Authors: Lubomir Vlcek
Comments: 7 Pages.

In the present paper I correct two Newton´s laws of motion First law and Third law. Keywords: inertia, generalized law of inertia, action, reaction, transmission medium, waves, particles, PACS number: 01.55.+b
Category: Classical Physics

[561] viXra:1501.0197 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-21 04:58:33

Wave - Particle Duality as Kinetic Energy Against and In Direction of Motion.

Authors: Lubomir Vlcek
Comments: 36 Pages. Physics in the past formulated at least part of the truth about the physical phenomena. Some ideas, even if they were doubtful and rejectable, are still valid today

In the article we prove that: 1.Form of Intensity of the Moving Charge Electric Field is asymmetrical, 2. Form of the interference field is non-linear, 3. Kinetic energy of a charge moving at the velocity of v has two different values: Kinetic energy against direction of motion as wave Tkin ad = mc2[ln |1+v/c|- (v/c)/(1+v/c)] Kinetic energy in direction of motion as particle Tkin id = mc2[ln |1-v/c|+ (v/c)/(1-v/c)] An electron moving at a speed ve= 0,003c creates spectral line Hα. Accurate electron speeds are given in the table in this article. Confirmation of Doppler´s principle in hydrogen for Balmer line Hα. Accompanying activity of reaction on movement of stable particles in the transmission medium are waves. Stable electrons moving with speeds (0,99 c – c ) creates leptons (μ−, τ−), neutrinos (νe, νμ, ντ) and bosons W +, W-, Z (= β electrons). Weak interactions are caused with stable electrons, which creates leptons (μ−, τ−) = ( particles = electrons different speeds), neutrinos νe, νμ, ντ (= waves) , bosons W +, W-, Z (= particles = β electrons moving at nearly the speed of light ) and gamma rays (=waves of extremely high frequency >1019 Hz ). Stable particles (p +, n0, D, He-3, α) moving with speeds ( 0,3 c – 0,99 c ) creates baryons and mesons. The strong interactions are caused with stable particles (p +, n0, D, He-3, α ), which creates baryons and mesons.
Category: Classical Physics

[560] viXra:1501.0196 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-20 21:23:05

The Electromagnetic Cause of Shell Shock

Authors: Frank H. Makinson
Comments: 3 Pages. This is more about classical physics than biology.

The pathology of shell shock, contemporaneously referred to as post-traumatic stress disorder, has been identified by researchers. Why the brain injury occurs primarily inthe frontal lobes and its ‘distinctive honeycomb pattern of broken and swollen nerve fibres’ was not identified. Every munitions explosion emits a broadband pulse of electromagnetic energy. The electromagnetic energy pulse reaches the victim before the compression and particle components of the explosion. The characteristics of the head protection used by soldiers explains why the particular brain injury is as prevalent today as it was in World War I, but without the massive artillery barrages. The victims are receiving what can be termed an electric shock frontal lobotomy.
Category: Classical Physics

[559] viXra:1501.0102 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-08 07:30:26

Experiment for the proof of Newton’s Third Law Violation in Unipolar Motor

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 4 Pages.

The author proposes to perform an experiment proving that in unipolar motor the Newton’s third law is being violated.
Category: Classical Physics

[558] viXra:1501.0092 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-07 21:03:50

Experiments with the Spinning Electric Vector Analyzer SEVA-Integral-M1. Angular Momentum of Objects and Events, Manifested in the Field Gyroscope.

Authors: Mark Krinker
Comments: 18 Pages.

The paper considers a conception of universality of the angular momentum in a wide class of phenomena, even if they look not related to Physics and have no immediate classical interpretation. The Field Gyroscope, FG, is an example of a manifestation of the wide class of events in its real measurable properties. Origination of FG in Nature was considered by the author before. The experiments were carried out with a latest model of the FG meters family- SEVA-Integral-M1. The developed approach allows measuring the events in units of a power per unit of a volume, as well as represents them in a quantum form with the Plank constant. One of the novelties of the latest model is a separated measuring quasi-stationary (q-stationary) and non-stationary spinning, which opens new horizons in a research. The experiments revealed qualitatively identical action of influence of a real spinning gyroscope and images of drawn spirals - they increase FG magnitude. Beside that, a new phenomenon of origination of oscillations of non-stationary spinning FG after image-exposure was revealed. Influence of artificial and natural illumination, the human phantom, thoughts and verbal emotions as well as other phenomena on FG was measured. The experiments confirm a conception of unity of a wide class of phenomena on a base of the angular momentum, in particular- in its quantum form as the Plank constant.
Category: Classical Physics

[557] viXra:1501.0081 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-06 16:19:34

Newton's Aether

Authors: Gary D. Simpson
Comments: 7 Pages.

This text demonstrates that how we think about Gravity can be influenced by the mathematical tools that are available to us. The author attempts to predict what Newton might have thought if he had known of the works of Euler and Hamilton and been familiar with Linear Algebra. A definition is presented for the natural logarithm of a vector. The author determines that Newton would have inferred that the force of gravity and the resulting acceleration are not collinear.
Category: Classical Physics

[556] viXra:1501.0066 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-05 04:08:12

Electrization of the Superconductive Windings and Tori and the New Type of Contact Potential Difference

Authors: F. F. Mende
Comments: 18 Pages.

In the article is described the new type of contact potential difference, which appears with the flow of the current through conductors. Contact the potential difference indicated depends on the strength of current, which flows through conductor; therefore it it is possible to name a electrocurent contact potential difference. The results of investigating the electrization of the superconductive windings and tori during the introduction in them of direct currents are represented. Are represented the concept of scalar- vector potential, the assuming dependence of the scalar potential of charge on the speed, with the aid of which it is possible to explain the phenomenon of the electrization of the superconductive tori, during the introduction in them of direct currents. Are proposed the schematics of magnetometers, which make it possible to measure the magnetic fields over a wide range of their values.
Category: Classical Physics

[555] viXra:1501.0061 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-04 09:45:14

Experiment to Prove the Violation of Newton's Third Law in the Unipolar Motor \\ Эксперимент для доказательства нарушения третьего закона Ньютона в униполярном двигателе

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 4 Pages. in Russian

The author proposes the эксперимент perform for proving that the unipolar motor violated Newton's third law. \\ Автор предлагает выполнить эксперимент, доказывающий, что в униполярном двигателе нарушается третий закон Ньютона.
Category: Classical Physics

[554] viXra:1501.0023 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-02 05:12:10

The Classical Maxwell Electrodynamics and the Electron Inertia Problem Within the Feynman Proper Time Paradigm

Authors: Anatolij K. Prykarpatski
Comments: 15 Pages. a fresh look at old problem

The Maxwell electromagnetic and the Lorentz type force equations are derived in the framework of the R. Feynman proper time paradigm and the related vacuum field theory approach. The electron inertia problem is analyzed within the Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formalisms and the related pressure-energy compensation principle. The modified Abraham- Lorentz damping radiation force is derived, the electromagnetic elctron mass origin is argued.
Category: Classical Physics

[553] viXra:1412.0263 [pdf] submitted on 2014-12-28 18:34:39

The Deflection of Light by the Sun. The Newtonian Calculation

Authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi
Comments: Pages.

We calculate the angle of deflection suffered by the light passing near a large mass M, the Sun, first using Newtonian mechanics, and then the General Relativity. We found that with the solution obtained in General Relativity to the movement of light occurs collision of light with the Sun, before it touches it, which does not occur with Newton's theory. We have also seen that for large eccentricities, a hyperbolic motion, the total energy E of the photon according to Newtonian mechanics tends to Einstein's famous equation E = mc^2. We suggest more experimental checks of starlight deflection angle, both due to a period of 6 months without any eclipse, as in the comparison of the positions of the stars in the occurrence of an eclipse close to the date of the occurrence of this eclipse.
Category: Classical Physics

[552] viXra:1412.0249 [pdf] submitted on 2014-12-27 05:10:48

Liquid-Drop Model of Electron and Atom

Authors: F. F. Mende
Comments: 8 Pages.

In the article is examined the liquid-drop model of electron and atom, which assumes existence of electron both in the form the ball-shaped formation and in the form liquid. This model is built on the same principles, on which was built the liquid-drop model of nucleus, proposed by Bohr and Weizsacker.
Category: Classical Physics

[551] viXra:1412.0224 [pdf] submitted on 2014-12-23 09:07:51

The Fourth Electromagnetic Induction

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 6 Pages.

Different variants of electromagnetic induction are considered. The type of induction caused by changes of electromagnetic induction flow is separated. The dependence of this induction on the flow density of electromagnetic energy emf and on the parameters of the wire is explored.
Category: Classical Physics

[550] viXra:1412.0214 [pdf] submitted on 2014-12-21 13:34:26

The Fourth Electromagnetic Induction \\ Четвертая электромагнитная индукция

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 6 Pages. in Russian

Variants of electromagnetic induction examined. Special examined induction, which is caused by the change in the flow of electromagnetic energy. Is the dependence of this emf from the flux density of electromagnetic energy and the parameters of the wire. \\ Рассматриваются варианты электромагнитной индукции. Выделяется индукция, вызванная изменением потока электромагнитной энергии. Находится зависимость э.д.с. этой индукции от плотности потока электромагнитной энергии и параметров провода.
Category: Classical Physics

[549] viXra:1412.0197 [pdf] submitted on 2014-12-18 12:20:13

Electromagnetic Energy and Electromagnetic Forces. Addition to Electrodynamics

Authors: Yu.A. Spirichev
Comments: 20 Pages. in Russian

The article is devoted to the development of the classical theory of electromagnetic fields (EMF) and elimination of "white spots" in the field of electromagnetic energy and electromagnetic forces. On the basis of the axioms of a four-dimensional vector potential and current density of the deductive method, the 4-tensors and the equations of conservation of electromagnetic energy for the system "EMF - 4-current density". The obtained 4-tensor of the electromagnetic forces, the components of which are determined by all kinds of static, stationary and dynamic electromagnetic forces, including the forces of Coulomb, Ampere (Lorentz), Nikolaev. The equations of balance of all the electromagnetic forces. The obtained 4-tensors and the equations of self-consistent motion of electric charges, including the wave equation turbulence plasma. Of the 4-tensor of electromagnetic energy received 4-tensor of mechanical energy-momentum, equation of conservation of mechanical energy-momentum, canonical relativistic Lagrangian for a free particle, than he reveals electrodynamics and mechanics. The present work is a theoretical Foundation on which can be supplemented and refined electrodynamics of material media and plasma physics.
Category: Classical Physics

[548] viXra:1412.0163 [pdf] submitted on 2014-12-11 08:00:39

A Theoretical Reformulation of the Classical Double Slit Interference Experiment

Authors: Joseph I. Thomas
Comments: 40 Pages.

In 1801, Thomas Young devised what is now known as the Classical Double Slit Experiment. In this experiment, light waves emanating from two separate sources, interfere to form a pattern of alternating bright and dark fringes on a distant screen. By measuring the position of individual fringe centers, the fringe widths and the variation of average light intensity on the screen, it is possible to compute the wavelength of light itself. The original theoretical analysis of the experiment employs a set of geometric assumptions which are collectively referred to here as the Parallel Ray Approximation. Accordingly, any two rays of light arising from either source and convergent on an arbitrary point on the screen, are considered very nearly parallel to each other in the vicinity of the sources. This approximation holds true only when the screen to source distance is very large and the inter-source distance is much larger than the wavelength of light. The predictions that naturally follow are valid only for fringes located near the center of the screen (e.g. the equal spacing of fringes). But for those fringes located further away from the screen center, the precision of these predictions rapidly wanes. Also when the screen to source distance is comparable to the inter-source separation or when the inter-source distance is comparable to the wavelength of light, the original analysis is no longer applicable. In this paper, the theoretical foundations of Young’s experiment are re-formulated using a newly derived analytical equation of a hyperbola, which forms the locus of the points of intersections of two expanding circular wavefronts (with sources located at the respective centers of expansion). The ensuing predictions of the new analysis are compared with those of the old. And finally, it is shown that the latter approach is just a special instance of the former, when the Parallel Ray Approximation can be said to hold true.
Category: Classical Physics

[547] viXra:1412.0148 [pdf] submitted on 2014-12-09 13:12:52

Alternative Classical Mechanics IV

Authors: Alejandro A. Torassa
Comments: 11 Pages.

This paper presents an alternative classical mechanics which is invariant under transformations between reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without the necessity of introducing fictitious forces. Additionally, a new principle of conservation of energy is also presented.
Category: Classical Physics

[546] viXra:1412.0131 [pdf] submitted on 2014-12-06 14:12:09

Improvement of Classical Physics

Authors: Lubomir Vlcek
Comments: 39 Pages. Wave - particle duality elegantly incorporates into kinetic energy in direction of movement as particle, and kinetic energy against directions of movement as wave, in relations for kinetic energy.

Speeds of electrons and protons in atoms are small. For example: An electron moving at a speed ve= 0,003c creates spectral line Hα. Confirmation of Doppler´s principle in hydrogen for Balmer line Hα. Accompanying activity of reaction on movement of stable particles in the transmission medium are waves. Wave - particle duality elegantly incorporates into kinetic energy in direction of movement as particle, and kinetic energy against directions of movement as wave, in relations for kinetic energy. Neutron, β electron , gamma rays – calculations. Stable electrons moving with speeds (0,99 c – c ) creates leptons (μ−, τ−), neutrinos (νe, νμ, ντ) and bosons W +, W-, Z (= β electrons). Weak interactions are caused with stable electrons, which creates leptons (μ−, τ−) = ( particles = electrons different speeds), neutrinos νe, νμ, ντ (= waves) , bosons W +, W-, Z (= particles = β electrons moving at nearly the speed of light ) and gamma rays (=waves of extremely high frequency >1019 Hz ). Stable particles (p +, n0, D, He-3, α) moving with speeds ( 0,3 c – 0,99 c ) creates baryons and mesons. The strong interactions are caused with stable particles (p +, n0, D, He-3, α ), which creates baryons and mesons.
Category: Classical Physics

[545] viXra:1412.0129 [pdf] submitted on 2014-12-06 09:49:34

Challenge Exercises on Electromagnetism

Authors: Enrico Masina
Comments: 2 Pages.

The following document is for you people: try your E.M. knowledge and your physical attitude in those simple exercises, od use them for your students/friends/colleagues if you like!
Category: Classical Physics

Replacements of recent Submissions

[254] viXra:1503.0265 [pdf] replaced on 2015-04-14 04:31:18

On the Black Holes

Authors: José Francisco García Juliá
Comments: 2 Pages.

In this note, it is shown that a black hole can be formed, but also to come undone.
Category: Classical Physics

[253] viXra:1503.0241 [pdf] replaced on 2015-04-04 07:24:09

Structure of Constant Current \\ Структура постоянного тока

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 10 Pages.

Consider the structure of the wire with constant current \\ Рассматривается структура постоянного тока в проводе
Category: Classical Physics

[252] viXra:1503.0049 [pdf] replaced on 2015-03-28 02:36:19

A Reformulation of Classical Mechanics

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 6 Pages. Spanish

This paper presents a reformulation of classical mechanics which is invariant under transformations between inertial and non-inertial reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without the necessity of introducing fictitious forces.
Category: Classical Physics

[251] viXra:1502.0196 [pdf] replaced on 2015-03-07 20:37:11

The Electromagnetic Cause of Shell Shock

Authors: Frank H. Makinson
Comments: 4 Pages. Major revision

Abstract—The pathology of shell shock, contemporaneously grouped with post-traumatic stress disorder, has been identified by researchers. The brain injury occurs primarily in the frontal lobes and has a “distinctive honeycomb pattern of broken and swollen nerve fibers.” The characteristics of the head protection used by soldiers can explain why the particular shell shock brain injury has an inordinate prevalence today, but without the massive artillery barrages. Every munitions explosion emits a broadband pulse of electromagnetic energy and this energy can cause cellular level heating damage. Kevlar helmets provide no protection from an electromagnetic pulse.
Category: Classical Physics

[250] viXra:1502.0150 [pdf] replaced on 2015-02-19 15:25:10

An Alternative Kinetic Energy

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 6 Pages. Spanish

This paper presents an alternative kinetic energy which is invariant under transformations between inertial and non-inertial reference frames.
Category: Classical Physics

[249] viXra:1502.0150 [pdf] replaced on 2015-02-19 13:06:42

An Alternative Kinetic Energy

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 6 Pages. Spanish

This paper presents an alternative kinetic energy which is invariant under transformations between inertial and non-inertial reference frames.
Category: Classical Physics

[248] viXra:1502.0098 [pdf] replaced on 2015-03-08 12:30:23

Commentaries on the Gravitational Blindage

Authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi
Comments: 4 Pages. In portuguese.

Observation that the Earth can be a shield to the gravitational force of the Sun, and measures of the acceleration of Earth's gravity or mass of bodies at different times can verify this hypothesis.
Category: Classical Physics

[247] viXra:1502.0098 [pdf] replaced on 2015-03-03 17:45:13

Commentary on the Gravitational Blindage

Authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi
Comments: Pages. There is a coefficient to be input on the left side of (9): the acceleration of gravity g0 when the scale calibration, which weighed inertial mass m. Will change soon.

Observation that the Earth can be a shield to the gravitational force of the Sun, and measures of the acceleration of Earth's gravity or mass of bodies at different times can verify this hypothesis.
Category: Classical Physics

[246] viXra:1502.0098 [pdf] replaced on 2015-03-03 05:41:32

Commentary on the Gravitational Blindage

Authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi
Comments: 3 Pages.

Observation that the Earth can be a shield to the gravitational force of the Sun, and measures the acceleration of Earth's gravity can verify this hypothesis.
Category: Classical Physics

[245] viXra:1502.0091 [pdf] replaced on 2015-03-28 02:33:01

An Alternative Classical Mechanics

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 8 Pages. Spanish

This paper presents an alternative classical mechanics which is invariant under transformations between inertial and non-inertial reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without the necessity of introducing fictitious forces.
Category: Classical Physics

[244] viXra:1502.0091 [pdf] replaced on 2015-02-24 11:34:14

A Reformulation of Classical Mechanics

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 8 Pages. Spanish

This paper presents a reformulation of classical mechanics which is invariant under transformations between inertial and non-inertial reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without the necessity of introducing fictitious forces.
Category: Classical Physics

[243] viXra:1502.0091 [pdf] replaced on 2015-02-14 04:08:47

A Reformulation of Classical Mechanics

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 6 Pages. Spanish

This paper presents a reformulation of classical mechanics which is invariant under transformations between inertial and non-inertial reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without the necessity of introducing fictitious forces.
Category: Classical Physics

[242] viXra:1502.0084 [pdf] replaced on 2015-02-15 01:17:32

A Linear Equation of Motion

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 5 Pages. Spanish

This paper presents a linear equation of motion which is invariant under transformations between reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without the necessity of introducing fictitious forces.
Category: Classical Physics

[241] viXra:1502.0049 [pdf] replaced on 2015-02-08 13:10:58

A Radial Equation of Motion

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 4 Pages. Spanish

This paper presents a radial equation of motion which is invariant under transformations between reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without the necessity of introducing fictitious forces.
Category: Classical Physics

[240] viXra:1502.0022 [pdf] replaced on 2015-02-25 10:52:18

A Scalar Equation of Motion

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 4 Pages. Spanish

This paper presents a scalar equation of motion which is invariant under transformations between reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without the necessity of introducing fictitious forces.
Category: Classical Physics

[239] viXra:1502.0022 [pdf] replaced on 2015-02-08 13:08:14

A Scalar Equation of Motion

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 5 Pages. Spanish

This paper presents a scalar equation of motion which is invariant under transformations between reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without the necessity of introducing fictitious forces.
Category: Classical Physics

[238] viXra:1502.0022 [pdf] replaced on 2015-02-05 15:32:49

A Scalar Equation of Motion

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 5 Pages. Spanish

This paper presents a scalar equation of motion which is invariant under transformations between reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without the necessity of introducing fictitious forces.
Category: Classical Physics

[237] viXra:1501.0254 [pdf] replaced on 2015-02-28 10:03:38

Linear, Angular & Radial Momentum

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 6 Pages. Spanish

This paper presents the linear momentum, the angular momentum and the radial momentum of a system of N particles, which give rise to the conservation laws of linear momentum, angular momentum and energy.
Category: Classical Physics

[236] viXra:1501.0224 [pdf] replaced on 2015-01-28 15:14:16

A Simple Rotational Classical Mechanics

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 5 Pages. This paper is written in Spanish.

In classical mechanics, this paper presents a simple rotational classical mechanics which can be applied in any reference frame inertial or non-inertial.
Category: Classical Physics

[235] viXra:1501.0224 [pdf] replaced on 2015-01-24 19:35:12

A Simple Rotational Classical Mechanics

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 5 Pages. This paper is written in Spanish.

In classical mechanics, this paper presents a simple rotational classical mechanics which can be applied in any reference frame inertial or non-inertial.
Category: Classical Physics

[234] viXra:1501.0196 [pdf] replaced on 2015-02-04 12:33:34

The Electromagnetic Cause of Shell Shock

Authors: Frank H. Makinson
Comments: 4 Pages. This is more about electromagnetics than biology.

The pathology of shell shock, contemporaneously grouped with post-traumatic stress disorder, has been identified by researchers. Why the brain injury occurs primarily in the frontal lobes and its “distinctive honeycomb pattern of broken and swollen nerve fibres” was not identified. Every munitions explosion emits a broadband pulse of electromagnetic energy. The electromagnetic energy pulse reaches the victim before the compression and particle components of the explosion. The characteristics of the head protection used by soldiers explains why the particular shell shock brain injury has an inordinate prevalence today, but without the massive artillery barrages. The victims are receiving what can be termed an electric shock frontal lobotomy.
Category: Classical Physics

[233] viXra:1501.0196 [pdf] replaced on 2015-01-31 22:54:44

Electromagnetic Cause of Shell Shock

Authors: Frank H. Makinson
Comments: 4 Pages. This is more about electromagnetics than biology.

The pathology of shell shock, contemporaneously grouped with post-traumatic stress disorder, has been identified by researchers. Why the brain injury occurs primarily in the frontal lobes and its “distinctive honeycomb pattern of broken and swollen nerve fibres” was not identified. Every munitions explosion emits a broadband pulse of electromagnetic energy. The electromagnetic energy pulse reaches the victim before the compression and particle components of the explosion. The characteristics of the head protection used by soldiers explains why the particular shell shock brain injury has an inordinate prevalence today, but without the massive artillery barrages. The victims are receiving what can be termed an electric shock frontal lobotomy.
Category: Classical Physics

[232] viXra:1501.0196 [pdf] replaced on 2015-01-25 22:15:10

The Electromagnetic Cause of Shell Shock

Authors: Frank H. Makinson
Comments: 3 Pages. This is more about electromagnetics than biology.

The pathology of shell shock, contemporaneously grouped with post-traumatic stress disorder, has been identified by researchers. Why the brain injury occurs primarily in the frontal lobes and its “distinctive honeycomb pattern of broken and swollen nerve fibres” was not identified. Every munitions explosion emits a broadband pulse of electromagnetic energy. The electromagnetic energy pulse reaches the victim before the compression and particle components of the explosion. The characteristics of the head protection used by soldiers explains why the particular shell shock brain injury has an inordinate prevalence today, but without the massive artillery barrages. The victims are receiving what can be termed an electric shock frontal lobotomy.
Category: Classical Physics

[231] viXra:1501.0066 [pdf] replaced on 2015-01-19 05:54:38

Electrization of the Superconductive Windings and Tori and the New Type of Contact Potential Difference

Authors: F. F. Mende
Comments: 19 Pages.

In the article is examined new physical phenomenon the electrocurent contact potential difference, whose value depends on the current, which flows along the conductor. Unfortunately, the computed values of electrocurent contact a potential difference proved to be considerably lower than the potentials, observed in the experiment. The carried out experiments and calculations showed that the discovered electrization of the superconductive windings and tori finds its explanation in the concept of scalar-vector potential, developed by the author. This concept assumes the dependence of the scalar potential of charge on its relative speed.
Category: Classical Physics

[230] viXra:1501.0061 [pdf] replaced on 2015-01-08 07:40:26

Experiment for the Proof of Newton’s Third Law Violation in Unipolar Motor \\ Эксперимент для доказательства нарушения третьего закона Ньютона в униполярном двигателе

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 4 Pages.

The author proposes to perform an experiment proving that in unipolar motor the Newton’s third law is being violated. \\ Автор предлагает выполнить эксперимент, доказывающий, что в униполярном двигателе нарушается третий закон Ньютона.
Category: Classical Physics

[229] viXra:1501.0061 [pdf] replaced on 2015-01-05 06:56:10

Experiment to Prove the Violation of Newton's Third Law in the Unipolar Motor \\ Эксперимент для доказательства нарушения третьего закона Ньютона в униполярном двигателе

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 4 Pages.

The author proposes the эксперимент perform for proving that the unipolar motor violated Newton's third law. \\ Автор предлагает выполнить эксперимент, доказывающий, что в униполярном двигателе нарушается третий закон Ньютона.
Category: Classical Physics

[228] viXra:1412.0263 [pdf] replaced on 2015-01-04 11:21:05

The Deflection of Light by the Sun. The Newtonian Calculation

Authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi
Comments: 11 Pages.

We calculate the angle of deflection suffered by the light passing near a large mass M, the Sun, first using Newtonian Mechanics, and then the General Relativity. We found that with the solution obtained in General Relativity to the movement of light occurs collision of light with the Sun, before it touches it, which does not occur with Newton's theory. We have also seen that for large eccentricities, in a hyperbolic motion, the total energy E of the photon according to Newtonian Mechanics tends to Einstein's famous equation E = mc^2. We suggest more experimental checks of starlight deflection angle, both due to a period of 6 months without any eclipse, as in the comparison of the positions of the stars in the occurrence of an eclipse in relation to the early date of the occurrence of this eclipse.
Category: Classical Physics

[227] viXra:1412.0263 [pdf] replaced on 2014-12-30 10:08:57

The Deflection of Light by the Sun. The Newtonian Calculation

Authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi
Comments: 11 Pages.

We calculate the angle of deflection suffered by the light passing near a large mass M, the Sun, first using Newtonian Mechanics, and then the General Relativity. We found that with the solution obtained in General Relativity to the movement of light occurs collision of light with the Sun, before it touches it, which does not occur with Newton's theory. We have also seen that for large eccentricities, in a hyperbolic motion, the total energy E of the photon according to Newtonian Mechanics tends to Einstein's famous equation E = mc^2. We suggest more experimental checks of starlight deflection angle, both due to a period of 6 months without any eclipse, as in the comparison of the positions of the stars in the occurrence of an eclipse in relation to the early date of the occurrence of this eclipse.
Category: Classical Physics

[226] viXra:1412.0263 [pdf] replaced on 2014-12-29 15:15:10

The Deflection of Light by the Sun. The Newtonian Calculation

Authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi
Comments: 11 Pages.

We calculate the angle of deflection suffered by the light passing near a large mass M, the Sun, first using Newtonian Mechanics, and then the General Relativity. We found that with the solution obtained in General Relativity to the movement of light occurs collision of light with the Sun, before it touches it, which does not occur with Newton's theory. We have also seen that for large eccentricities, in a hyperbolic motion, the total energy E of the photon according to Newtonian Mechanics tends to Einstein's famous equation E = mc^2. We suggest more experimental checks of starlight deflection angle, both due to a period of 6 months without any eclipse, as in the comparison of the positions of the stars in the occurrence of an eclipse in relation to the early date of the occurrence of this eclipse.
Category: Classical Physics

[225] viXra:1412.0224 [pdf] replaced on 2015-02-04 12:06:05

The Fourth Electromagnetic Induction

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 7 Pages.

Different variants of electromagnetic induction are considered. The type of induction caused by changes of electromagnetic induction flow is separated. The dependence of this induction on the flow density of electromagnetic energy emf and on the parameters of the wire is explored. We are discussing the mechanism of occurrence of energy flow, which enters the wire and compensates the heat loss.
Category: Classical Physics

[224] viXra:1412.0214 [pdf] replaced on 2015-02-04 13:21:36

The Fourth Electromagnetic Induction \\ Четвертая электромагнитная индукция

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 7 Pages.

Variants of electromagnetic induction examined. Special examined induction, which is caused by the change in the flow of electromagnetic energy. Is the dependence of this emf from the flux density of electromagnetic energy and the parameters of the wire. We are discussing the mechanism of occurrence of energy flow, which enters the wire and compensates the heat loss.\\ Рассматриваются варианты электромагнитной индукции. Выделяется индукция, вызванная изменением потока электромагнитной энергии. Находится зависимость э.д.с. этой индукции от плотности потока электромагнитной энергии и параметров провода. Рассматривается механизм возникновения потока энергии, поступающего в провод и компенсирующего тепловые потери.
Category: Classical Physics

[223] viXra:1412.0214 [pdf] replaced on 2015-01-28 11:59:44

The Fourth Electromagnetic Induction \\ Четвертая электромагнитная индукция

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 7 Pages.

Variants of electromagnetic induction examined. Special examined induction, which is caused by the change in the flow of electromagnetic energy. Is the dependence of this emf from the flux density of electromagnetic energy and the parameters of the wire. The mechanism of occurrence of the energy flux entering the cable and compensating heat loss examined. \\ Рассматриваются варианты электромагнитной индукции. Выделяется индукция, вызванная изменением потока электромагнитной энергии. Находится зависимость э.д.с. этой индукции от плотности потока электромагнитной энергии и параметров провода. Рассматривается механизм возникновения потока энергии, поступающего в провод и компенсирующего тепловые потери.
Category: Classical Physics

[222] viXra:1412.0197 [pdf] replaced on 2015-01-25 00:05:57

Electromagnetic Energy and Electromagnetic Forces. Addition to Electrodynamics

Authors: Yu.A. Spirichev
Comments: 20 Pages. in Russian

The article is devoted to the development of the classical theory of electromagnetic fields (EMF) and elimination of "white spots" in the field of electromagnetic energy and electromagnetic forces. On the basis of the axioms of a four-dimensional vector potential and current density of the deductive method, the 4-tensors and the equations of conservation of electromagnetic energy for the system "EMF - 4-current density". The obtained 4-tensor of third rank electromagnetic forces, 64 the components of which are determined by all kinds of static, stationary and dynamic electromagnetic forces, including the forces of Coulomb, Ampere (Lorentz), Solunin-Nikolaev. The equations of balance of all the electromagnetic forces. The obtained 4-tensors and the equations of self-consistent motion of electric charges, including the wave equation turbulence plasma. Of the 4-tensor of electromagnetic energy received 4-tensor of mechanical energy-momentum, equation of conservation of mechanical energy-momentum, canonical relativistic Lagrangian for a free particle, than he reveals electrodynamics and mechanics. The present work is a theoretical Foundation on which can be supplemented and refined electrodynamics of material media and plasma physics.
Category: Classical Physics

[221] viXra:1412.0197 [pdf] replaced on 2014-12-26 02:01:11

Electromagnetic Energy and Electromagnetic Forces Addition to Electrodynamics

Authors: Yu.A. Spirichev
Comments: 20 Pages.

The article is devoted to the development of the classical theory of electromagnetic fields (EMF) and elimination of "white spots" in the field of electromagnetic energy and electromagnetic forces. On the basis of the axioms of a four-dimensional vector potential and current density of the deductive method, the 4-tensors and the equations of conservation of electromagnetic energy for the system "EMF - 4-current density". The obtained 4-tensor of the electromagnetic forces, the components of which are determined by all kinds of static, stationary and dynamic electromagnetic forces, including the forces of Coulomb, Ampere (Lorentz), Nikolaev. The equations of balance of all the electromagnetic forces. The obtained 4-tensors and the equations of self-consistent motion of electric charges, including the wave equation turbulence plasma. Of the 4-tensor of electromagnetic energy received 4-tensor of mechanical energy-momentum, equation of conservation of mechanical energy-momentum, canonical relativistic Lagrangian for a free particle, than he reveals electrodynamics and mechanics. The present work is a theoretical Foundation on which can be supplemented and refined electrodynamics of material media and plasma physics.
Category: Classical Physics

[220] viXra:1412.0148 [pdf] replaced on 2014-12-28 21:22:59

Alternative Classical Mechanics IV

Authors: Alejandro A. Torassa
Comments: 11 Pages.

This paper presents an alternative classical mechanics which is invariant under transformations between reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without the necessity of introducing fictitious forces. Additionally, a new principle of conservation of energy is also presented.
Category: Classical Physics