Classical Physics

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Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed further down

[521] viXra:1410.0127 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-22 11:25:22

How the Thrust of Shawyer’s Thruster can be Strongly Increased

Authors: Fran De Aquino
Comments: 5 Pages.

Here, we review the derivation of the equation of thrust of Shawyer’s thruster, by obtaining a new expression, which includes the indexes of refraction of the two parallel plates in the tapered waveguide. This new expression shows that, by strongly increasing the index of refraction of the plate with the largest area, the value of the thrust can be strongly increased.
Category: Classical Physics

[520] viXra:1410.0081 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-14 15:51:34

Mass Problem in the Gravitational Field

Authors: Oliver R Jovanovic
Comments: 10 Pages.

Proton rest mass near massive neutron star is identical to electrons rest mass at the Earth surface.
Category: Classical Physics

[519] viXra:1410.0060 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-12 14:59:27

Throwing Objects Off the Earth in the D20 System

Authors: James Russel
Comments: 4 Pages.

We derive the minimum strength score require for a character to throw an object off the Earth in the d20 roleplaying system. By examining a "worst case" scenario involving air resistance, we show that the presence of the atmosphere induces a negligible correction to the minimum strength score, which is 114 for a Medium creature throwing another Medium creature off the Earth.
Category: Classical Physics

[518] viXra:1410.0050 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-11 10:44:25

Note About “Response to Question #79 Does a Plane Wave Carry Spin Angular Momentum?” (Am. J. Phys. 70, 567)

Authors: Radi I. Khrapko
Comments: 6 Pages. HISTORY OF SUBMITTING is presented

It is shown that spin of a light wave is absorbed by all surface of an absorbing plate, while the edge of the plate absorbs orbital angular momentum. Absorption of electrodynamics spin cannot be expressed in terms of the energy-momentum tensor. Spin tensor is needed.
Category: Classical Physics

[517] viXra:1410.0026 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-06 03:07:16

Ether Without Hypotheses

Authors: Etkin V.A.
Comments: 12 Pages. In Russian

It is shown, that energodynamic approach to the study of the ether, not leaning on modelling representations and based on the experimentally confirmed equations of its state and movement, allows to establish power nature its interaction with substance and a number of its other properties, without resorting to hypotheses
Category: Classical Physics

[516] viXra:1410.0023 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-05 08:19:47

A Geometric Relationship Between Physical Coupling Constants and Cosmological Parameters

Authors: Alberto Coe
Comments: 4 Pages.

Will introduce a curious geometric relationship between some coupling constants of physical interactions and on the other hand some cosmological parameters .
Category: Classical Physics

[515] viXra:1410.0015 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-03 19:46:32

Suppression of Forest Fire by Helicopter Without Water

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 10 Pages.

The natural occurrences of wildfires damage nature areas, produce the hundreds of millions of dollars in losses, and considerable pollution of environment. The author suggests a very efficient method of suppression of a forest fire without water. He offers a system of simple light plates or anchor suspended from any helicopter which directs the helicopter propeller airflow against the direction of a wildfire. After some minutes the natural fuel burns away in the front of fire and the fire cannot advance. The author developed theory and methods computations and suggests some designs of the devices for so changing the helicopter airflow direction.
Category: Classical Physics

[514] viXra:1410.0009 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-02 12:43:23

Partial Energy and the Principle of Its Additivity

Authors: Etkin V.A.
Comments: 5 Pages. In Russian

It is shown, that total energy of any system is the sum of the partial energies of all its degrees of freedom, each of which is expressed by the product of intensive and extensive state parameter. The expediency of introduction of this concept is proved and not trivial of its consequences are discussed
Category: Classical Physics

[513] viXra:1409.0209 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-28 17:33:47

Action of Magneto-Mechanical Spinning on the Electron Flow. System Reaction of the Electronic Device on the Spinning. Preliminary Results.

Authors: Mark Krinker
Comments: 11 Pages. The article was initially written in Russian. The Abtract and comments and the comments ander the figures are duplicated in English

The paper deals with an influence of an external magneto-mechanical spinning object on the current of the electronic beam inside the Cathode Ray Tubes, CRT. The experiments have revealed that a variation of the angular momentum L reduces the current (I) up to 30%. The preliminary law of interaction can be shown as a dot product , where n is a unity vector of the electron flow. There was no 100% reproduction of the phenomena. In particular, in one of the cases, relocation of the installation to a different place annihilated the phenomenon. This raises a question on the influence of the hidden factors like Geo-Pathogenic Zones, having their own angular momentum, on the effect, as well as other factors. However, in the majority of the experiments, the effect was reproduced with CRT of the oscilloscopes and the TV-set, Figs. 6,8,9. It was also noted that direction of the variation of the spinning with respect to direction of the electron flow plays a role in the phenomenon, what is shown as the dot product above. The phenomenon can be explained as an interaction of the spins of electrons and the angular momentum of the magneto-mechanical spinning. The results of the experiments match that of earlier conducted by the author for interaction of the spinning electromagnetic fields and background gamma-quanta. The interaction of the angular momentum of the spinning field and the spins of the quanta resulted in their statistics. In particular, the clockwise spinning reduced the count rate for 20%. This relates both the phenomena. Action of the external magneto-mechanical spinning also can affect the whole electronic system, incorporating the CRT.
Category: Classical Physics

[512] viXra:1409.0203 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-26 20:40:47

Unified Field Theory and Foundation of Physics

Authors: Zhiliang Cao, Henry Gu Cao
Comments: 7 Pages.

The paper "Unified field theory" (UFT) opened a new chapter of physics. The main model of UFT is Torque Grids that unify Space, Time, Energy and Force. The configuration of invisible particles and structure of the grand universe can be logically induced. Visually, the universe can be modeled as single Torque Grids’ hierarchy. A simple UDP Java program can be used to prove the space-time-energy-force relationship predicted by the unified field theory and explain why the continents are drifting. One of the applications of UFT is to predict the nuclei topologies of each element. Physics, "knowledge of nature", is defined as a natural science that involves the study of matter and its motion through space and time, along with related concepts such as energy and force. UFT gives a better definition of Physics: “A natural science that involves the study of motion of space-time-energy-force to explain/predict the motion, interaction and configuration of matter.”
Category: Classical Physics

[511] viXra:1409.0134 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-16 22:06:27

Momentum is not Conservation Principle

Authors: GuangSan Yu
Comments: 9 Pages.

The thus far momentum conservation law the Were by testify, In fact only is the laws of motion of newton third, and the is object simpleness and beeline the momentum conservation of the afoul. involve the thus far of the, the all momentum conservation law experiment all is. but, it be deemed to the is classical, and were extend to all any matter system. in complicated matter system, for instance, if interaction the at object, its inner matter forminged the opposite turn, at here whether still conform the momentum conservation? have never the study that to register in such. can authenticate, in this kind of circumstance, the total beeline momenta of the substance system, would vary the occurrence, it will diminish. so here momentum is not conservation. therefore, the momentum conservation law not is an universe compliant, the law of any matter system, in some complicated substance system, it is not exactitude.
Category: Classical Physics

[510] viXra:1409.0133 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-16 22:07:01

Transcend the Conservation Law

Authors: GuangSan Yu
Comments: 10 Pages.

In Rotation dynamics of the classical mechanics, there is a serious error, namely the notion of the force moment. Via the arm of force that vary the force moment, can vary the dimension of the force, this is wrong. But Rotation dynamics and whole theory system, is to regard the notion of this kind of force moment as the foundation, moreover establish create. Thereupon, the hitherto of thereinto the Rotation dynamics, abound the multifarious mistake. In complete of the Rotation dynamics of the inertia locomotion, the notion of the force moment is meaningless. The and force moment extraordinary resemble react, that is other concept Inertia-torque. Inertia-torque is mass and arm of force product at object or particle. Similar in this way through correction after, the Rotation dynamics will have the grand change. And thereupon we can also achieve, versus physics several celebrated conservation law of the exceed. The world science will have a grand advancement.
Category: Classical Physics

[509] viXra:1409.0132 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-16 22:07:17

The Momentum Engine

Authors: GuagSan Yu
Comments: 2 Pages.

The Newton third law is wrong! Moreover the momentum also is not conservation, So a kind of new space propeller nope don't may, That is the momentum engine.
Category: Classical Physics

[508] viXra:1409.0131 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-16 22:07:36

The Experiment of the Inertiatorque

Authors: GuagSan Yu
Comments: 4 Pages.

For the sake of the rotation dynamics, made the rotation dynamics experiment. Get the Inertia-torque concept, of the rotation dynamics.
Category: Classical Physics

[507] viXra:1409.0130 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-16 22:07:50

Attest the Moment of Inertia is Wrong

Authors: GuagSan Yu
Comments: 1 Page.

Moment of inertia is wrong. In it of formula deduce process, have serious I = mr 2 mistake. This is the can testify.
Category: Classical Physics

[506] viXra:1409.0116 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-15 04:50:56

On the Electric and Magnetic Forces

Authors: José Francisco García Juliá
Comments: 2 Pages.

The electric and magnetic forces would be produced by a polarization of the vacuum.
Category: Classical Physics

[505] viXra:1409.0115 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-14 23:22:57

Analyze Mistake of the Newton Third Law

Authors: GuagSan Yu
Comments: 11 Pages.

The dynamics experiment indicated, the Newton third law is wrong. So where is it been mistakes? The demand deepest analysis in action and reaction, it of meaning and it of principle. The result is to make person feelings shock, it is really wrong that Newton third law!
Category: Classical Physics

[504] viXra:1409.0062 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-09 10:09:16

Electric Charge

Authors: Nainan K. Varghese
Comments: 4 Pages.

Abstract: Electric charges are usually treated almost like physical entities. They are assumed to exist in association with electrons and protons and could be transferred from one matter-body to another along with these fundamental particles. Similar electric charges are believed to repel each other and dissimilar electric charges are believed to attract each other. These widely believed assumptions, in contemporary physics, have no logical basis. This article briefly explains nature, structure and mechanism of interaction of electric charges, as given in an alternative concept. Although they differ from currently accepted beliefs, they are based on consistent reasoning, initiated from a single assumption on existence of matter.
Category: Classical Physics

[503] viXra:1409.0060 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-09 04:02:38

Paths of Least Time for Quantum Scale and Geometrical Interpretation of Light Diffraction

Authors: F. Ben Adda
Comments: 13 Pages. 8 Figures, it completes the previous paper viXra: 1406.0015

In this paper, a geometrical interpretation of light diffraction is given using an infinity of fluctuating geodesics for the small scale (the quantum scale) that represent paths of least time in an homogeneous space. Without using the wave theory, we provide a geometrical explanation of the deviation of light's overall direction from rectilinear when light encounters edges, apertures and screens.
Category: Classical Physics

[502] viXra:1409.0031 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-05 09:59:01

The Informational Model – Gravity

Authors: Sergey V. Shevchenko, Vladimir V. Tokarevsky
Comments: 12 Pages.

In a number of our arXiv papers it was rigorously shown that Matter in our Universe – and Universe as a whole - are some informational systems (structures), which exist as uninterruptedly transforming [practically] infinitesimal sub-sets of the absolutely infinite and fundamental set “Information”. The conception enables to suggest a reasonable physical (“informational”) model that is based on the conjecture that Matter is some analogue of computer (more correct – some analogue of a [huge] number of mutually weakly connected automata). The conjecture, in turn, allows introducing in the model the basic logical elements that constitute the material structures (e.g., particles) and support the informational exchange - i.e. the forces - between the structures. The model yet now makes clearer a number of basic problems in physics; and, besides, enables to put forward rather reasonable model of the gravity force. In this paper more detailed and corrected version of the model is presented.
Category: Classical Physics

[501] viXra:1409.0029 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-05 04:39:16

A Prediction of Difference Between the Doppler-Shift-Formulae for High-Frequency-Light and Very-Low-Frequency Electromagnetic-Waves; and a Supportive Observational-Evidence

Authors: Hasmukh K. Tank
Comments: A single-page note

In a paper titled: Explanation for the observed wave/particle duality of light (Tank, H. K. viXra:1402.0153), it was explained that: “At the frequencies of light, generation and filtering of purely monochromatic light of one Hertz bandwidth is technically not yet possible; so there has been quite a wide band of electromagnetic waves involved in the experiments performed so far. And since this wide band of waves coherently add only at discrete points in space, and mutually nullify their amplitudes at rest of the points, the ‘wave-packets’ get formed; which the detectors detect as ‘particles’. If the electromagnetic waves were always in the form of waves as well as particles, then even at radio frequencies we must observe ‘particles’ of radio-waves in addition to the ‘waves’ observed on oscilloscopes.” Then in a paper titled: What needs to be known about the collapse of quantum-mechanical wave-function (Tank, H. K. viXra:1407.0139) it was explained that de Broglie’s wave actually describes the ‘envelope-variations’ of superimposition of a wide band of the actual waves; and when there is a relative velocity between the source of light and observer, the width of the band also either shrinks or expands. And as was described in a paper titled: “Wave-theoretical insight into the Relativistic ‘length-contraction’ and ‘time-dilation’ of super-novae light-curves” (Tank, H. K. viXra:1407.0144 ) , shrinking of bandwidth means ‘time-dilation’. From these papers we find that at the frequencies of light, there are two factors affecting the Doppler-shift, namely classical Doppler-shift plus time-dilation. Whereas in the case of low-frequency electromagnetic waves, since they can be produced or filtered as narrow-band as single Hertz, only the formula for classical Doppler-shift is expected to be applicable. And there is a supportive evidence also for the above prediction; as reported in a paper attempting to explain the Pioneer anomaly, titled: (----- ) it was concluded that the observations seem to favor applicability of classical formula for Doppler-shift, rather than the Relativistic one. Detailed paper will follow soon.
Category: Classical Physics

[500] viXra:1409.0016 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-02 11:03:27

The Theory of the Three-Phase Electric Multipole

Authors: Gheorghe Mihai
Comments: 47 Pages. ISBN 973-657-736-8, SITECH Publisher, Craiova, Romania

The book ”The theory of the three-phase electric multipole” represents the generalization of the electric quadripole theory to the three-phase electric circuits, wants to maintain both the definitions and formulae obtained in the theory of the electric quadripole, but in another mathematical symbolism adapted to the three-phase electric circuits with or without neutral wire.
Category: Classical Physics

[499] viXra:1408.0239 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-31 16:46:25

Terraforming of Planets and Space Objects

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 20 Pages.

The current physics believes that vacuum can produce energy and Universes. The basis of any Universe is energy. Author assumes: energy may be positive or negative. Positive energy produces our positive matter, negative energy produces negative matter. Using this effect the author offers the formatting the current planets of Solar system, making them suitable for people, for humanity. That include: the production of Earth atmosphere, water, magnetic field in planets and natural satellites, change their angle speed, and transportation them to Earth orbit. Negative matter repels our (positive) matter. Using this effect the author offers a space propulsion system which allows reaching by space ship a speed close to light speed and to enable massive retrieval of extraterrestrial materials to construct works in space. That may be the best method colonization the space, Solar System and Universe. Concept of negative energy also allows solving the many very important problems of humanity. For example, humanity can create any artificial material, food, travel to other stars and possible (in future) create a new Universe.
Category: Classical Physics

[498] viXra:1408.0159 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-24 03:34:01

An Experimental Observation of RF Amplification via Powerless Yagi-Uda Array

Authors: Xiaodong Liu, Qichang Liang, Yu Liang
Comments: 6 Pages.

We built up a system composed of one dipole transmitter and four groups of Yagi-Uda array. Aluminum foils were used to reflect RF wave back to dipole transmitter. The input impedance of this system has negative value so that this system works like a powerless RF amplifier. A circulator was used to separate input and reflected waves from the dipole transmitter. It is observed that the amplitude of reflected wave is 3.0 times of input signal. The output power is 9.0 times of input power.
Category: Classical Physics

[497] viXra:1408.0142 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-21 13:00:02

Crenel Physics

Authors: Hans van Kessel
Comments: 49 Pages.

This manuscript starts by raising some questions about our Metric system of units of measurement. For editorial reasons it then continues by describing the efforts of a ‘Martian’ (so to speak) to set up a grass roots system. He thereby is coached by ‘Professor Earth’, who makes sure that findings of earthly giants (in particular Einstein, Planck and Boltzmann) are properly integrated. Relative to Metric units of measurement, the outcome is overwhelmingly simple and consistent. Thereby, the gravitational constant ‘G’ is found to equal: G≡ (h.ln(4))/kB This finding –obviously- is of fundamental importance. It is however only valid between elementary particles. For ensembles thereof a –slightly- higher value for ‘G’ must be expected.
Category: Classical Physics

[496] viXra:1408.0141 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-21 15:07:28

Light-Induced Electromagnetic Spinning as one of the Sources for the Field Gyroscope. The Field Gyroscope as a Base of the Yin and Yang Energies

Authors: Mark Krinker
Comments: 7 Pages.

The phenomenon of Light-Induced localized electromagnetic spinning, the Field Gyroscope, was observed in experiments with the new model of SEVA - the instrument for studying spinning fields. Presence and absence of the light causes a radio-frequency localized spinning of opposite directions, respectively. The experiment proved the earlier conception of the author claiming origination of localized spinning basing on Huygens–Fresnel Principle. The mechanism of excitation of the radio-frequency spinning by mush higher frequencies of the light has been discussed.
Category: Classical Physics

[495] viXra:1408.0130 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-19 16:11:09

Elimination of Uncertainty Concept of Energy

Authors: Etkin V.A.
Comments: 6 Pages. In Russian

It is shown that the energy is the most general function of the state, which characterizes the ability of the system to make any (ordered and disorder) work. This is achieved by generalisation of concept of work and refusal from division of energy exchange on heat exchange and work.
Category: Classical Physics

[494] viXra:1408.0097 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-16 03:21:28

Testing the Induction System of a New Length-Optimized Version of an Ion-Thruster of Rit-Type with Ferrite Pot-Core

Authors: Danny Kirmse
Comments: 4 Pages.

The following paper aims for a new more efficient design of the discharge chamber of a Radio-Frequency Ion-Thruster (RIT). The discharge chamber contains plasma, which provides the charged particles for thrust-generation. The plasma is produced by ionization of gas. The ionizing discharge has to occur in the whole chamber; in the whole chamber energy needs to be expended to produce plasma. On the other hand, as shown in [3], only charged particles out of a small layer direct close to the plasma-grid are used to become accelerated for the generation of thrust. In order to achieve energy costs as efficient as possible; plasma should be produced only in this small layer, optimally. In the following an option is presented to reduce the length of the discharge chamber of a RIT. This is achieved by coupling in the ionizing electric eddy-fields from the top-end of the discharge chamber, no longer from the sides of the chamber. For this kind of field-coupling a new induction system is needed, where the induction coil is placed inside a ferrite pot-core. Within this paper a qualitative testing of the proposed new induction system is described.
Category: Classical Physics

[493] viXra:1408.0096 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-16 03:26:53

Two Concepts of High-Thrust Plasma-Propulsion Engines for Use as Main-Thruster Units for Interplanetary Exploration

Authors: Danny Kirmse
Comments: 8 Pages.

This paper contains the description of two concepts for plasma-propulsion engines for application as main thruster units for exploration missions in the solar system. Current space policy increasingly focuses on exploration missions to the earth’s next planets. This includes for instance also manned missions to the Mars. Most efficient for this type of mission would be a propulsion system that provides adjustable continuous thrust over long time-periods. Beyond that, a thrust level as high as possible should be realized due to the reduction of the travel time. The two propulsion concepts (named “Helios-1” and “Helios-2”) presented in this paper are designed to fulfill the thrust requirements mentioned above. Both concepts base on the intention to ionize a gas under high-pressure condition, in order to produce sufficient numbers of charged particles that are able to generate high thrust by coupling of electric and magnetic fields. The ionization proceeds in two stages (pre- and main-ionization). The task of the pre-ionization is to generate the initial conditions to enable ionization of high-pressure gas at all. “Helios-1” is a pure electric propulsion system that uses the principle of a Tesla-transformer to achieve sufficient electric field strength for pre-ionization. “Helios-2” is a hybrid propulsion system consisting of a chemical pre-stage and an electrical main-stage. A Redox-reaction produces electrons that improve the conditions for ionization of high-pressure gas. Additionally, the thrust producing extraction mechanism is described in the paper. The intention to extract large numbers of charged particles requires a design of the thrusters as plasma-propulsion engines. The extraction of plasma instead of ions prevents the formation of space charges that limit the extractable current of thrust producing charged particles.
Category: Classical Physics

[492] viXra:1408.0080 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-13 14:42:57

Title: Unified Nature of All Interactions

Authors: Etkin V.A.
Comments: 10 Pages. In Russian

It is shown, that universal definition of forces as the gradient of the corresponding kind of energy applies to the ether waves. Distinction of reaction of substance on influences different frequency is proved. Thereby the unity of the nature of interaction between ether and substance is justified. The ether - soliton concepts of a structure of substance is discussed.
Category: Classical Physics

[491] viXra:1408.0074 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-12 14:27:08

Circularly Polarized Light Causes Shear Stress

Authors: Radi I. Khrapko
Comments: 3 Pages. This is a submission to Annals of Physics

It is shown that, in defiance of the conventional point of view, circularly polarized light causes shear stress
Category: Classical Physics

[490] viXra:1408.0055 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-09 13:22:19

Method for Interstellar Flight

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 9 Pages.

The basis of any Universe is energy. Energy may be positive or negative. Negative energy produces negative matter. Negative matter repels our (positive) matter. Using this effect the author offers a space propulsion system which allows reaching by space ship a speed close to light speed and to enable massive retrieval of extraterrestrial materials to construct works in space
Category: Classical Physics

[489] viXra:1408.0047 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-08 16:38:58

Whether Material the Electromagnetic Field?

Authors: Etkin V.A.
Comments: 13 Pages. In Russian

Substantiates the view, according to which the electromagnetic field in free space is not a form of matter, but only one of the measures of stress the state of the ether, which is caused by the inhomogeneous distribution of matter in it with its inherent charges and currents
Category: Classical Physics

[488] viXra:1408.0034 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-07 11:49:53

An Explanation of Tomilin's Experiments \\ К объяснению экспериментов Томилина

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 3 Pages. in Russian

It is shown that Tomilin's experiments can be explained remaining within the existing physical paradigm. \\ Показано, что эксперименты Томилина можно объяснить, оставаясь в рамках существующей физической парадигмы.
Category: Classical Physics

[487] viXra:1408.0019 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-04 07:22:56

As Why Flies the Helicopter

Authors: Mende F. F.
Comments: 2 Pages.

In aircraft, especially in destroyers, the durable wings, which during the turns experience large loads. In helicopters the wings be absent, but the propeller blades, which ensure lift, it is in no way similar to the wings of aircraft. Moreover, these blades are so elastic that at rest they even sag under the dead weight. As such, it would seem, fragile wings, ensure the lift of such heavy helicopters.
Category: Classical Physics

[486] viXra:1408.0011 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-03 15:52:18

Biquaternion em Forces with Hidden Momentum and an Extended Lorentz Force Law, the Lorentz-Larmor Law

Authors: E.P.J. de Haas
Comments: 40 Pages.

In this paper we apply our version of biquaternion math-phys to electrodynamics, especially to moving electromagnetic dipole moments. After a terminological introduction and applying the developed math-phys to the Maxwell environment, we propose to fuse the Larmor angular velocity with the Lorentz Force Law, producing the biquaternion Lorentz-Larmor Law. This might be a more economic way to deal with cyclotron and tokamak related physics, where the Lorentz Force Law and the Larmor angular velocity actively coexist. Then we propose a biquaternion formulation for the energy-torque-hidden-momentum product related to a moving electromagnetic dipole moment. This expression is then used to get a relativistically invariant force equation on moving electromagnetic dipole moments. This equation is then used to get at the force on a hidden electromagnetic dipole moment and for a derivation of the Ahanorov-Casher force on a magnetic dipole moving in an external electric field. As a conclusion we briefly relate our findings to Mansuripurs recent critique of the Lorentz Force Law and the electrodynamic expressions for the energy-momentum tensor.
Category: Classical Physics

[485] viXra:1408.0009 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-03 13:48:21

Theoretical Derivation of Coulomb's Law

Authors: Etkin V.A.
Comments: 3 Pages. In Russian

The conclusion of Coulomb's law from the first principles of energodynamics is given, based on non-uniform distribution of electric charge in space
Category: Classical Physics

[484] viXra:1407.0207 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-28 14:01:13

Recap of the Theory of the Extended Electron

Authors: Hoa Van Nguyen
Comments: 21 Pages. 21 figures

This article is the recap of the theory of the extended electron which has been published online on website: www.vixra.org/author/hoa_van_nguyen. The theory presents three novel concepts : the variability of the electric charge and the mechanisms of the processes of spin and radiation of the electron by external fields .
Category: Classical Physics

[483] viXra:1407.0204 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-27 17:56:38

Gravitational Tunneling Machine

Authors: Fran De Aquino
Comments: 7 Pages.

A new tunneling machine is described in this article. It works based on the gravity-control technology, and can reach high velocities through rocky means; possibly few tens of meters per hour, moreover it can move itself in any directions below the ground. This machine can be highly useful for urban tunneling, drainage, exploration, water supply, water diversion and accessing the mines of diamonds, coal, oil, and several others types of minerals existent in the Earth’s crust.
Category: Classical Physics

[482] viXra:1407.0192 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-25 08:26:45

A Unificação Eletrogravitacional do Ponto de Vista Clássico

Authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi
Comments: 10 Pages. Artigo originalmente publicado no Boletim do Instituto de Matemática e Física da Universidade Federal de Goiás, nº 15, ano 7, novembro/1992. Hoje já não sei se acredito integralmente nesta teoria, mas gostaria de deixá-lo registrado aqui.

Expõe-se uma teoria simples, clássica, a fim de resolver o problema da unificação eletrogravitacional, baseada em se admitir valores distintos para os módulos das cargas do elétron e do próton, dentro da precisão experimental atual. A teoria prediz que a gravidade não pode ser sempre atrativa, e sugere novas interpretações para alguns fenômenos. Sua comprovação necessitará de medidas de G em função do material e tamanho de corpos em interação.
Category: Classical Physics

[481] viXra:1407.0180 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-23 16:21:50

Jet Electric Generator

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 14 Pages.

Author offers and develops the theory of a new simple cheap efficient electric (electron) generator. This generator can convert pressure or kinetic energy of any non-conductive flow (gas, liquid) into direct current (DC). The generator can convert the mechanical energy of any engine into high voltage DC. One can covert the wind and water energy into electricity without turbine. One can convert the rest energy of an internal combustion engine or turbojet engine in electricity and increase its efficiency. ------------------------------------------------- Key words: Jet Electric Generator, Electron generator, AB generator, Wind electric generator, Water electric generator, DC generator, High voltage generator.
Category: Classical Physics

[480] viXra:1407.0174 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-22 16:24:56

Non-Rocket Space Launch and Flight (v.3)

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 368 Pages.

At present, rockets are used for launches and flights into space. They have been intensively developed since World War II when the German engineer F. Von Braun designed the first long distance rocket FAU-2. In the subsequent 60 years liquid and solid rockets reached the peak of their development. Their main shortcomings are (1) very high cost of space launching $20,000 – 50,000/kg; (2) large fuel consumption; (3) fuel storage problems because the oxidizer and fuel (for example; oxygen and hydrogen) require cryogenic temperatures, or they are poisonous substances (for example; nitric acid, N2O3). In the past years the author and other scientists have published a series of new methods which promise to revolutionize space launching and flight. These include the cable accelerator, circle launcher and space keeper, space elevator transport system, space towers, kinetic towers, the gas-tube method, sling rotary method, asteroid employment, electromagnetic accelerator, tether system, Sun and magnetic sails, solar wind sail, radioisotope sail, electrostatic space sail, laser beam, kinetic anti-gravitator (repulsitor), Earth–Moon or Earth–Mars non-rocket transport system, multi-reflective beam propulsion system, electrostatic levitation, etc. There are new ideas in aviation which can be useful for flights in planet atmosphere. Some of these have the potential to decrease launch costs thousands of times, other allow the speed and direction of space apparatus to be changed without the spending of fuel. The author summarizes some revolutionary methods for scientists, engineers, students, and the public. He seeks attention from the public, engineers, inventors, scientists for these innovations and he hopes the media, government and the large aerospace companies will increase research and development activity in these areas.
Category: Classical Physics

[479] viXra:1407.0161 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-21 09:47:43

First Order Analysis of Eye Imaging

Authors: Ervin Goldfain
Comments: 5 Pages.

We discuss a first-order analysis of eye imaging for digital retinal cameras.
Category: Classical Physics

[478] viXra:1407.0146 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-20 07:22:18

Invertibility Principle in Faraday Unipolar Machines

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 7 Pages.

It is shown that the existence of electromagnetic momentum flow and from the law of angular momentum conservation gives an explanation of the action principle of Faraday generator.
Category: Classical Physics

[477] viXra:1407.0145 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-20 07:24:53

Invertibility Principle in Faraday Unipolar Machines \\ Принцип обратимости в униполярных машинах Фарадея

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 8 Pages. in Russian

It is shown that the existence of electromagnetic momentum flow and from the law of angular momentum conservation gives an explanation of the action principle of Faraday generator. \\ Показано, что из существования потока электромагнитного импульса и закона сохранения импульса следует объяснение принципа действия генератора Фарадея.
Category: Classical Physics

[476] viXra:1407.0142 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-19 07:42:43

Explanation of the Huber Effect \\ Объяснение эффекта Губера

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: Pages.

Here we prove the validity of the assumptions Huber that Huber force has electrodynamic of nature. \\ Доказывается справедливость предположения Губера о том, что сила Губера имеет электродинамическую природу.
Category: Classical Physics

[475] viXra:1407.0137 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-18 14:28:21

Spinning Electric Field As a Virtual Gyroscope: On Possiblility of Existence of Kozyrev's Effect in Rotating Electric Fields

Authors: Mark Krinker
Comments: 14 Pages. Previosly was shown on www.ecodowsing.com in 2005. The company was concerned with studying physical bases of Geo-Pathogenic Zones and designing special instrumentation for that.

The paper shows the spinning electric field as an electromagnetic analog of a mechanical gyroscope. Like a real mechanical gyroscope, its electromagnetic analog has an angular momentum.But quantitatively faster spinning brings qualitatively new phenomena. This publication is a copy of that shown on site www.ecodowsing.com in 2005.
Category: Classical Physics

[474] viXra:1407.0122 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-17 02:33:17

A Reformulation of Classical Mechanics

Authors: Alejandro A. Torassa
Comments: 9 Pages.

This paper presents a reformulation of classical mechanics which is invariant under transformations between reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame (rotating or non-rotating) (inertial or non-inertial) without the necessity of introducing fictitious forces.
Category: Classical Physics

[473] viXra:1407.0120 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-16 19:05:39

“Here and Now” as a Virtual High Energy Particle. Mass of the “Here and Now”

Authors: Mark Krinker
Comments: 3 Pages.

The joint point of the Light Cone is shown as a virtual particle. Basing on Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle and Plank’s length and time, its energy, momentum and mass are calculated. The calculation brings to superluminal speed of the quasi-particle, which is interpreted here.
Category: Classical Physics

[472] viXra:1407.0076 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-10 13:00:22

Khmelnik Force

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 4 Pages.

It is shown that from the existence of electromagnetic momentum flow and from the law of momentum conservation there follows the existence of a previously unknown force. The author suggests to experimenters to verify the generation of Khmelnik force and to supplement its name by their own names.
Category: Classical Physics

[471] viXra:1407.0075 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-10 13:03:20

Khmelnik Force \\ Сила Хмельника

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 4 Pages. in Russian

It is shown that from the existence of electromagnetic momentum flow and from the law of momentum conservation there follows the existence of a previously unknown force. The author suggests to experimenters to verify the generation of Khmelnik force and to supplement its name by their own names. \\ Показано, что из существования потока электромагнитного импульса и закона сохранения импульса следует существование неизвестной ранее силы. Автор приглашает экспериментаторов проверить появление силы Хмельника и дополнить ее название своим именем.
Category: Classical Physics

[470] viXra:1407.0069 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-09 22:41:04

Helical Impulse and Darboux Vector

Authors: Abel Cavaşi
Comments: 4 Pages.

Abstract. In this document are first defined the notions of helical impulse and helical force, and after are defined the components of helical force in the form of helical electric, gravitational and magnetic force. În acest material se definesc întâi noţiunile de impuls elicoidal şi forţă elicoidală, după care se definesc componentele forţei elicoidale sub forma forţei elicoidale electrice, gravitaţionale şi magnetice.
Category: Classical Physics

[469] viXra:1407.0066 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-09 09:39:08

Lorentz Force, Ampere Force and Momentum Conservation Law Quantitative. Analysis and Corollaries.

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 8 Pages.

It is known that Lorentz Force and Ampere force contradicts the Third Newton Law, but it does not contradict the more general Law of Momentum Conservation, as the electromagnetic field has a momentum. From this it follows that the Lorentz and Ampere forces must be balanced by the flow of electromagnetic momentum. However, as far as the author knows, there is no corresponding quantitative comparison and therefore it is discussed below. In particular, it is shown that some of the corollaries of the Momentum Conservation Law can be found.
Category: Classical Physics

[468] viXra:1407.0065 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-09 09:42:25

Lorentz Force, Ampere Force and Momentum Conservation Law Quantitative. Analysis and Corollaries. \\ Силы Лоренца, Ампера и закон сохранения импульса. Количественный анализ и следствия.

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 8 Pages. in Russian

It is known that Lorentz Force and Ampere force contradicts the Third Newton Law, but it does not contradict the more general Law of Momentum Conservation, as the electromagnetic field has a momentum. From this it follows that the Lorentz and Ampere forces must be balanced by the flow of electromagnetic momentum. However, as far as the author knows, there is no corresponding quantitative comparison and therefore it is discussed below. In particular, it is shown that some of the corollaries of the Momentum Conservation Law can be found. \\ Известно, что силы Лоренца и Ампера противоречат третьему закону Ньютона, но не противоречат более общему закону сохранения импульса, поскольку электромагнитное поле обладает импульсом. Из этого следует, что эти силы должны уравновешиваться потоком электромагнитного импульса. Однако, насколько известно автору, нет соответствующего количественного сопоставления и поэтому оно рассматривается ниже. При этом, в частности, показывается, что из закона сохранения импульса можно найти некоторые следствия.
Category: Classical Physics

[467] viXra:1407.0051 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-07 08:25:14

Extension of Maxwell's Equations for Charge Creation and Annihilation

Authors: Hideki Mutoh
Comments: 9 Pages.

Extension of Maxwell's equations is proposed to realize charge creation and annihilation. The proposed equations includes Nakanishi-Lautrup (NL) field, which was introduced to construct Lorentz covariant electromagnetic field model for quantum electrodynamics (QED). The necessity of the extension of Maxwell's equations is shown by the comparison of current values given by Maxwell's and the proposed equations in the simple structure consisting of a silicon sphere surrounded by SiO2. Maxwell's equations give unreasonable currents in SiO2, although the proposed equations give reasonable result. The electromagnetic field energy density is increased by existence of NL field.
Category: Classical Physics

[466] viXra:1407.0025 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-02 15:31:08

Some Physical Aspects of Artificial and Natural Field Gyroscopes. Relation With Atmospheric Phenomena and Geo-Pathogenic Zones.

Authors: Mark Krinker
Comments: 12 Pages.

The paper considers physical effects, produced by a spinning electromagnetic field. Unlike a traveling wave, all its energy remains in a localized volume, what relates such the system with a mechanical gyroscope. Like the classical gyroscope, the electromagnetic spinning, manifested as a Field Gyroscope, produces a torque in a case of the non-stationary spinning. However, the electromagnetic base of the spinning brings new features, which the mechanical gyroscope does not have. The phenomena of the Filed Gyroscope allow explanation of dangerous atmospheric processes and anomalies of Geo-Pathogenic Zones as well as the possibility of a new type of the propeller.
Category: Classical Physics

[465] viXra:1407.0016 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-02 20:39:23

Electrostatic Generator and Electronic Transformer

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 11 Pages.

Transmission of high voltage by direct currency (DC) over long distance has big advantages in comparison with the current transmission by alternative current (AC). But about one hundred years ago generating electricity by the magnetic method was easy and development led to a system centered on AC. Now AC is the dominant method. That is only a result of the quirks of electricity’s historical development. In present time it is possible to research and develop (R&D) high voltage electrostatic generators and inverters of high voltage DC in low voltage DC and in AC and using the old AC lines and devices. Author offers a cheap high voltage electrostatic generator and transformer of high voltage DC to low voltage DC and DC in AC (any frequency and phases) and back. That may be adopted gradually and it will give significantly savings of electricity and energy.
Category: Classical Physics

[464] viXra:1407.0011 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-01 21:00:47

Electric Hypersonic Space Aircraft

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 20 Pages.

Aviation, in general, and aerospace in particular needs new propulsion systems which allow a craft to reach high speeds by cheaper and more efficient methods. Author offers a new high efficiency propulsion system using electrons for acceleration of the craft. As this system does not heat the air, it does not have the heating limitations of conventional air ramjet hypersonic engines. Offered engine can produce a thrust from a zero flight speed up to the desired escape velocity for space launch. It can work in any planet atmosphere (gas, liquid) and at high altitude. The system can use apparatus surface for thrust and braking. For energy the system uses high voltage electricity which is not a problem if you have an appropriate electrostatic generator connected with any suitable engine. The new propulsion system applies to hypersonic long-range aviation, for launch of space craft and as a high efficiency rocket in solar space. This can be actualized using current technology.
Category: Classical Physics

[463] viXra:1406.0175 [pdf] submitted on 2014-06-29 03:24:15

Performance Analysis of the "Intelligent" Kirchhoff-Law-Johnson-Noise Secure Key Exchange

Authors: J. Smulko
Comments: 9 Pages. The manuscript has been accepted for publication in Fluctuation and Noise Letters.

The Kirchhoff-Law-Johnson-Noise (KLJN) secure key distribution system provides a way of exchanging theoretically secure keys by measuring random voltage and current through the wire connecting two different resistors at Alice's and Bob's ends. Recently new advanced protocols for the KLJN method have been proposed with enhanced performance. In this paper we analyze the KLJN system and compare with the "intelligent" KLJN (iKLJN) scheme. That task requires determination of the applied resistors and identification of various superpositions of known and unknown noise components. Some statistical tools will be explored to determine how the duration of the bit exchange window (averaging time) influences the performance of the secure bit exchange.
Category: Classical Physics

[462] viXra:1406.0174 [pdf] submitted on 2014-06-28 14:18:33

The Four-Frequency of Light

Authors: William O. Straub
Comments: 6 Pages.

A basic overview of the photon four-frequency is given, demonstrating its use in the explanation of the aberration of starlight and the Doppler shift, at a mathematical level suitable for undergraduate students in the physical sciences.
Category: Classical Physics

[461] viXra:1406.0167 [pdf] submitted on 2014-06-27 03:54:51

New Type of Contact Potential Difference

Authors: Mende F. F
Comments: 3 Pages.

The contact potential difference this is the potential difference, which appears between the located in the electrical contact conductors under the thermodynamic equilibrium conditions. Between two conductors, led to the contact, occur the electron transfer, as a result of which they they are charged (conductor with the smaller work function positively, and with larger - negatively) until electron streams in both directions are balanced also in the entire system the level of electrochemical potential (Fermi level) becomes identical. The established contact potential difference is equal to difference the work function of conductors, referred to the electron charge. But from the attention of researchers slipped off still one type of contact potential difference, which occurs with the flow of the current through the superconductors. This type of contact potential difference is examined in this article
Category: Classical Physics

[460] viXra:1406.0160 [pdf] submitted on 2014-06-25 17:18:39

Whether there is a Vortical Electric Field?

Authors: Etkin V.A.
Comments: 8 Pages. In Russian

It is shown, that displacement and conductivity currents must be defined as the convective derivative of the induction vector and oppositely directed. Therefore chain AC currents are broken by capacitors and do not form a vortical electric field. It is concluded that the electrodynamics needs revision revision of some of its provisions.
Category: Classical Physics

[459] viXra:1406.0154 [pdf] submitted on 2014-06-25 04:20:07

On the Interaction of Coil and Plasma at a Radio-Frequency Ion-Thruster (Rit)

Authors: Danny Kirmse
Comments: 6 Pages.

The electric space-propulsion (EP) bases on the mechanism of ionizing the propellant. The now charged propellant can be influenced by external electric and magnetic fields; with the objective to generate thrust. The ionizing technique differs with the kind of EP. The Radio-Frequency Ion-Thruster (RIT) uses electric eddy-fields for ionization; the eddy-fields accelerate electrons, which transfer their additional kinetic energy to the neutral propellant-particles via collision. If the transferred energy is high enough, the particles are ionized in this way. Origin of the eddy-fields is a coil that surrounds the region of ionization. The interaction of coil and plasma is the core-mechanism of a RIT. This interaction and its effect on the coil behavior are discussed in the following paper.
Category: Classical Physics

[458] viXra:1406.0151 [pdf] submitted on 2014-06-25 02:27:25

Symmetry Breakdown in Binary Elastic Collisions in Classical Dynamics

Authors: Radhakrishnamurty Padyala
Comments: 5 Pages.

In classical dynamics binary elastic collision problems are solved using the two laws of conservation – the law of conservation of momentum and the law of conservation of kinetic energy. The requirement of conservation of kinetic energy is less restrictive than the Huygens’ requirement (kinematics model) of reversal of relative velocity for an elastic collision. We demonstrate in this article that the dynamics model breaks symmetry and leads to paradoxical solutions in multi dimensional collisions.
Category: Classical Physics

[457] viXra:1406.0128 [pdf] submitted on 2014-06-20 10:19:05

Gravitational Interaction in the Medium of Non-Zero Density

Authors: Kiryan D. G., Kiryan G. V.
Comments: 26 Pages. Russian

The paper presents the novel results obtained by more comprehensively analyzing well-known and clearly visible physical processes associated with gravitational interaction in the system of material bodies in the medium of non-zero density. The work is based on the statement that the buoyancy Archimed force acting on the material body located in a medium of non-zero density is of the gravitational nature. Due to this approach, we managed, staying in the framework of classical physics and mechanics definitions, to introduce the concept of the body's gravitating mass as a mass determining the gravitational interaction intensity and also to establish an analytical relation between the gravitating and inertial masses of the material body. Combining the direct and indirect (Archimed force) gravitational effect on the material body in the medium, we succeeded in distinguishing from the total gravitational field of this system a structure with a dipole-like field line distribution. This fact allows us to assert that, along with the gravitational attraction, there exists also gravitational repulsion of material bodies, and this fact does not contradict the meanings of existing basic definitions and concepts of classical physics and mechanics.
Category: Classical Physics

[456] viXra:1406.0118 [pdf] submitted on 2014-06-19 04:03:27

The Magnetism as an Electric Angle-Effect

Authors: H.-J. Hochecker
Comments: 9 Pages.

The magnetic force can be described very simply as a result of relative velocities of electric charges. Transformations in inertial reference systems are very well described by special relativity. However, magnetism nevertheless is simply regarded as given. There isn't an explanation for the emergence of magnetism yet. I have found a quite simple way to explain the emergence of magnetism, that is, I have discovered, how the electric field changes so that magnetism is created. I would like to introduce this idea here.
Category: Classical Physics

[455] viXra:1406.0095 [pdf] submitted on 2014-06-15 14:44:24

A Probe Into the Nature of Mass, Charge, and Energy Unveils Alpha (A) the Fine Structure Constant

Authors: Jaswant Rai Mahajan
Comments: 17 Pages. Constructive comments are welcome

An ab initio scrutiny of the structure and genesis of the electromagnetic radiation (EMR) and a close look into its rare ‘materialization’ to produce a pair of electron (e-) and positron (e+), coupled with the examination of the relationships among their various dynamic parameters, have revealed that just like torque (F x r), angular momentum (mv x r), and spin (m0c x r), the charge interaction (Epot x r) also has a cross product relation between the potential energy and the lever arm of the interacting particles. Further, it has been found that the EM frames of photons and leptons, herein called the ‘Energetic Capsules’, have higher energy with respect to the zero-energy state of the vacuum, determined by the quantum relations: E = ħc/r (photons) and E0 = ħc/2r (leptons). This means that the inner and surface energy potential of these ‘Energetic Capsules’ is higher than that of the normal vacuum and their charge interaction is given by ħc = ie2, the square of the intrinsic charge (ie). Consequently, the ‘Close Contact’ or Strong Force interactions of these ‘Energetic Capsules’ should reflect this difference, when compared with their long-range interactions through the free space / vacuum. Therefore, as the elementary charge interaction (in vacuum) is given by e2, while the ‘Close Contact’ strong force interactions correspond to ħc, the ratio between these two parameters provides the value of alpha, α = e2/ħc = 1/137, which resolves the century-old enigma of the Electromagnetic Coupling Constant.
Category: Classical Physics

[454] viXra:1406.0069 [pdf] submitted on 2014-06-11 10:13:14

Problem of the Mass Density of the e-Corona

Authors: Nikolay V. Dibrov
Comments: 2 Pages.

Abstract. Problem of a derivation of the mass density of the E-corona as a function of spherical coordinates was formulated
Category: Classical Physics

[453] viXra:1406.0017 [pdf] submitted on 2014-06-04 03:28:11

Four-Dimensional Equation of Motion for Viscous Compressible Substance with Regard to the Acceleration Field, Pressure Field and Dissipation Field

Authors: Sergey G. Fedosin
Comments: 29 Pages.

From the principle of least action the equation of motion for viscous compressible substance is derived. The viscosity effect is described by the 4-potential of the energy dissipation field, dissipation tensor and dissipation stress-energy tensor. In the weak field limit it is shown that the obtained equation is equivalent to the Navier-Stokes equation. The equation for the power of the kinetic energy loss is provided, the equation of motion is integrated, and the dependence of the velocity magnitude is determined. A complete set of equations is presented, which suffices to solve the problem of motion of viscous compressible and charged substance in the gravitational and electromagnetic fields.
Category: Classical Physics

[452] viXra:1406.0015 [pdf] submitted on 2014-06-03 06:45:44

A New Fundamental Factor in the Interpretation of Young's Double-Slit Experiment

Authors: F. Ben Adda
Comments: 11 Pages. it was impossible to post it in arxiv because of the size of the pictures

In this paper, we reproduce the interference pattern using only space-time geodesics. We prove that fringes and bands can be reproduced by using fluctuating geodesics, which suggests that the interference pattern shown to occur with electrons, atoms, molecules and other elementary particles might be a natural manifestation of the space-time geodesics for the small scale world.
Category: Classical Physics

Replacements of recent Submissions

[193] viXra:1409.0131 [pdf] replaced on 2014-09-16 22:20:51

The Experiment of the Inertia-Torque

Authors: GuagSan Yu
Comments: 4 Pages.

For the sake of the rotation dynamics, made the rotation dynamics experiment. Get the Inertia-torque concept, of the rotation dynamics.
Category: Classical Physics

[192] viXra:1409.0116 [pdf] replaced on 2014-09-22 02:42:30

On the Electric and Magnetic Forces

Authors: José Francisco García Juliá
Comments: 2 Pages.

The electric and magnetic forces would be produced by a polarization of the vacuum.
Category: Classical Physics

[191] viXra:1409.0115 [pdf] replaced on 2014-09-17 20:25:35

Analyze Mistake of the Newton Third Law

Authors: GuagSan Yu
Comments: 11 Pages.

The dynamics experiment indicated, the Newton third law is wrong. So where is it been mistakes? The demand deepest analysis in action and reaction, it of meaning and it of principle. The result is to make person feelings shock, it is really wrong that Newton third law!
Category: Classical Physics

[190] viXra:1409.0031 [pdf] replaced on 2014-09-09 12:54:32

The Informational Model – Gravity

Authors: Sergey V. Shevchenko, Vladimir V. Tokarevsky
Comments: A little edition of V1 and + Russian translated version: Engl. Pages 1-12; Ru – 13-24

In a number of our arXiv papers it was rigorously shown that Matter in our Universe – and Universe as a whole - are some informational systems (structures), which exist as uninterruptedly transforming [practically] infinitesimal sub-sets of the absolutely infinite and fundamental set “Information”. The conception enables to suggest a reasonable physical (“informational”) model that is based on the conjecture that Matter is some analogue of computer (more correct – some analogue of a [huge] number of mutually weakly connected automata). The conjecture, in turn, allows introducing in the model the basic logical elements that constitute the material structures (e.g., particles) and support the informational exchange - i.e. the forces - between the structures. The model yet now makes clearer a number of basic problems in physics; and, besides, enables to put forward rather reasonable model of the gravity force. In this paper more detailed and corrected version of the model is presented.
Category: Classical Physics

[189] viXra:1408.0099 [pdf] replaced on 2014-08-19 07:21:08

Gravitational Potential Energy in Relation to the Action of a Photon

Authors: Alberto Coe
Comments: 3 Pages.

In this paper will describe a geometric way to relate on the one hand the gravitational potential energy between two masses separated by the distance light travels in one second and on the other hand the physical action developed by one photon at a particular frequency
Category: Classical Physics

[188] viXra:1408.0099 [pdf] replaced on 2014-08-17 08:09:30

Gravitational Potential Energy in Relation to the Action of a Photon

Authors: Alberto Coe
Comments: 3 Pages.

In this paper will describe a geometric way to relate on the one hand the gravitational potential energy between two masses separated by the distance light travels in one second and on the other hand the physical action developed by one photon at a particular frequency .
Category: Classical Physics

[187] viXra:1408.0074 [pdf] replaced on 2014-09-06 11:13:53

Circularly Polarized Light Causes Shear Stress

Authors: Radi I. Khrapko
Comments: 4 Pages. This is a submission to Annals of Physics. The rejection and my reply are bound

It is shown that, in defiance of the conventional point of view, circularly polarized light causes shear stress
Category: Classical Physics

[186] viXra:1407.0204 [pdf] replaced on 2014-07-29 18:09:23

Gravitational Tunneling Machine

Authors: Fran De Aquino
Comments: 7 Pages.

A new tunneling machine is described in this article. It works based on the gravity-control technology, and can reach high velocities through rocky means; possibly few tens of meters per hour, moreover it can move itself in any directions below the ground. This machine can be highly useful for urban tunneling, drainage, exploration, water supply, water diversion and accessing the mines of diamonds, coal, oil, and several others types of minerals existent in the Earth’s crust.
Category: Classical Physics

[185] viXra:1407.0192 [pdf] replaced on 2014-07-27 09:37:05

A Unificação Eletrogravitacional do Ponto de Vista Clássico

Authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi
Comments: 10 Pages. Artigo originalmente publicado no Boletim do Instituto de Matemática e Física da Universidade Federal de Goiás, nº 15, ano 7, novembro/1992. Hoje já não sei se acredito integralmente nesta teoria, mas gostaria de deixá-lo registrado aqui.

Expõe-se uma teoria simples, clássica, a fim de resolver o problema da unificação eletrogravitacional, baseada em se admitir valores distintos para os módulos das cargas do elétron e do próton, dentro da precisão experimental atual. A teoria prediz que a gravidade não pode ser sempre atrativa, e sugere novas interpretações para alguns fenômenos. Sua comprovação necessitará de medidas de G em função do material e tamanho de corpos em interação.
Category: Classical Physics

[184] viXra:1407.0146 [pdf] replaced on 2014-08-04 14:04:27

Invertibility Principle in Faraday Unipolar Machines

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 7 Pages.

It is shown that the existence of electromagnetic momentum flow and from the law of angular momentum conservation gives an explanation of the action principle of Faraday generator.
Category: Classical Physics

[183] viXra:1407.0145 [pdf] replaced on 2014-08-04 14:05:53

Invertibility Principle in Faraday Unipolar Machines \\ Принцип обратимости в униполярных машинах Фарадея

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 8 Pages.

It is shown that the existence of electromagnetic momentum flow and from the law of angular momentum conservation gives an explanation of the action principle of Faraday generator. \\ Показано, что из существования потока электромагнитного импульса и закона сохранения импульса следует объяснение принципа действия генератора Фарадея.
Category: Classical Physics

[182] viXra:1407.0076 [pdf] replaced on 2014-07-31 15:58:17

Khmelnik Force

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 7 Pages.

It is shown that from the existence of electromagnetic momentum flow and from the law of momentum conservation there follows the existence of a previously unknown force. The author suggests to experimenters to verify the generation of Khmelnik force and to supplement its name by their own names.
Category: Classical Physics

[181] viXra:1407.0076 [pdf] replaced on 2014-07-17 07:20:37

Khmelnik Force

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 7 Pages.

It is shown that from the existence of electromagnetic momentum flow and from the law of momentum conservation there follows the existence of a previously unknown force. The author suggests to experimenters to verify the generation of Khmelnik force and to supplement its name by their own names.
Category: Classical Physics

[180] viXra:1407.0076 [pdf] replaced on 2014-07-13 16:38:06

Khmelnik Force

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 4 Pages.

It is shown that from the existence of electromagnetic momentum flow and from the law of momentum conservation there follows the existence of a previously unknown force. The author suggests to experimenters to verify the generation of Khmelnik force and to supplement its name by their own names.
Category: Classical Physics

[179] viXra:1407.0075 [pdf] replaced on 2014-07-23 04:58:02

Khmelnik Force \\ Сила Хмельника

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 7 Pages.

It is shown that from the existence of electromagnetic momentum flow and from the law of momentum conservation there follows the existence of a previously unknown force. The author suggests to experimenters to verify the generation of Khmelnik force and to supplement its name by their own names. \\ Показано, что из существования потока электромагнитного импульса и закона сохранения импульса следует существование неизвестной ранее силы. Автор приглашает экспериментаторов проверить появление силы Хмельника и дополнить ее название своим именем.
Category: Classical Physics

[178] viXra:1407.0066 [pdf] replaced on 2014-09-17 06:50:12

Lorentz Force, Ampere Force and Momentum Conservation Law Quantitative. Analysis and Corollaries.

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 8 Pages.

It is known that Lorentz Force and Ampere force contradicts the Third Newton Law, but it does not contradict the more general Law of Momentum Conservation, as the electromagnetic field has a momentum. From this it follows that the Lorentz and Ampere forces must be balanced by the flow of electromagnetic field momentum. However, as far as the author knows, there is no corresponding quantitative comparison and therefore it is discussed below. In particular, it is shown that some of the corollaries of the Momentum Conservation Law can be found.
Category: Classical Physics

[177] viXra:1407.0065 [pdf] replaced on 2014-09-16 09:18:44

Lorentz Force, Ampere Force and Momentum Conservation Law Quantitative. Analysis and Corollaries. \\ Силы Лоренца, Ампера и закон сохранения импульса. Количественный анализ и следствия.

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 9 Pages.

It is known that Lorentz Force and Ampere force contradicts the Third Newton Law, but it does not contradict the more general Law of Momentum Conservation, as the electromagnetic field has a momentum. From this it follows that the Lorentz and Ampere forces must be balanced by the flow of momentum of electromagnetic field. However, as far as the author knows, there is no corresponding quantitative comparison and therefore it is discussed below. In particular, it is shown that some of the corollaries of the Momentum Conservation Law can be found. \\ Известно, что силы Лоренца и Ампера противоречат третьему закону Ньютона, но не противоречат более общему закону сохранения импульса, поскольку электромагнитное поле обладает импульсом. Из этого следует, что эти силы должны уравновешиваться потоком импульса электромагнитного поля. Однако, насколько известно автору, нет соответствующего количественного сопоставления и поэтому оно рассматривается ниже. При этом, в частности, показывается, что из закона сохранения импульса можно найти некоторые следствия.
Category: Classical Physics

[176] viXra:1406.0167 [pdf] replaced on 2014-06-27 09:08:52

New Type of Contact Potential Difference

Authors: Mende F. F.
Comments: 3 Pages.

The contact potential difference this is the potential difference, which appears between the located in the electrical contact conductors under the thermodynamic equilibrium conditions. Between two conductors, led to the contact, occur the electron transfer, as a result of which they are charged (conductor with the smaller work function positively, and with larger - negatively) until electron streams in both directions are balanced also in the entire system the level of electrochemical potential (Fermi level) becomes identical. The established contact potential difference is equal to difference the work function of conductors, referred to the electron charge. But from the attention of researchers slipped off still one type of contact potential difference, which occurs with the flow of the current through the superconductors. This type of contact potential difference is examined in this article.
Category: Classical Physics

[175] viXra:1406.0128 [pdf] replaced on 2014-07-21 16:20:33

Gravitational Interaction in the Medium of Non-Zero Density

Authors: Kiryan D. G., Kiryan G. V.
Comments: 24 Pages. 11 Figures, English

The paper presents the novel results obtained by more comprehensively analyzing well-known and clearly visible physical processes associated with gravitational interaction in the system of material bodies in the medium of non-zero density. The work is based on the statement that the "buoyancy" (Archimedes) force acting on the material body located in a medium of non-zero density is of the gravitational nature. Due to this approach, we managed, staying in the framework of classical physics and mechanics definitions, to introduce the concept of the body's gravitating mass as a mass determining the gravitational interaction intensity and also to establish an analytical relation between the gravitating and inertial masses of the material body. Combining the direct and indirect (Archimedes force) gravitational effect on the material body in the medium, we succeeded in distinguishing from the total gravitational field of this system a structure with a dipole-like field line distribution. This fact allows us to assert that, along with the gravitational attraction, there exists also gravitational repulsion of material bodies, and this fact does not contradict the meanings of existing basic definitions and concepts of classical physics and mechanics.
Category: Classical Physics