Classical Physics

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Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed farther down

[1374] viXra:1809.0365 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-18 09:55:34

Physical Quantity Mass a Scalar or a Vector? Mass Virtual and Real

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 2 Pages. -

The scalar or vector sense of physical quantity of mass is considered
Category: Classical Physics

[1373] viXra:1809.0336 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-16 23:01:22

The Problem of Identity of Scalar Models of Gravity and Elasticity.

Authors: Oleg Tcherepanov
Comments: 23 Pages.

Using the principle of virtual scale, it was possible to obtain new solutions to a number of problems of mechanics as the first section of General physics. The identical transformation of the known rules and laws of classical science modifies the formulas into scalar structures of six special numbers. The context of the proposed theory consists of non-standard Metrology, scalar mechanics and physics without artifacts. They can be found in the published monographs ISBN 978-3-659-60213-9, ISBN 978-3-659-74415-9 and articles vixra: 1503.0037, vixra: 1807.0458, vixra: 1808.0182, vixra: 1808.0631.
Category: Classical Physics

[1372] viXra:1809.0295 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-15 01:16:04

Physical Sense of Force and Mass

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 2 Pages. -

Force and mass - scalars or vectors?
Category: Classical Physics

[1371] viXra:1809.0294 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-15 01:33:08

With What the Physics Begins …

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 7 Pages. -

The laws of the Newtonian mechanics defining physical concepts of forces and masses are considere
Category: Classical Physics

[1370] viXra:1809.0292 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-15 01:44:30

As there Are Scientific Delusions. Principles of Physics

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 7 Pages. -

The axiomatic fundamentals of theoretical physics … have to be freely invented
Category: Classical Physics

[1369] viXra:1809.0276 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-14 01:39:21

Clarity or Intentional Intricacy? Science Philosophy

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 9 Pages. -

Separate examples of scientific worldview
Category: Classical Physics

[1368] viXra:1809.0275 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-14 01:53:26

Reasons of Rotation of Planets

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 4 Pages. -

Explanation of rotation of planets law of classical physics
Category: Classical Physics

[1367] viXra:1809.0273 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-14 02:09:03

As there Are Scientific Delusions

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 24 Pages. -

On the example of classical physics. Description of rotation
Category: Classical Physics

[1366] viXra:1809.0247 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-11 09:21:05

The Ellipse Circle Ellipse Property of Projectile Motion

Authors: Radhakrishnamurty Padyala
Comments: 5 Pages.

Recently we gave an alternate method to show the presence of an ellipse in the paths of projectiles, to the method given by Fernandez-Chapou and coworkers. Our method demonstrated that particles dropped from points of a circle in a vertical plane on to the horizontal diameter and reflected through 90 degrees by mirrors halfway on their paths, follow parabolic trajectories and that the apexes of these parabolic paths lie on an ellipse. In this article we give a similar procedure to show that particles dropped from points of an ellipse in a vertical plane to the horizontal (minor) axis but reflected through 90 degrees by mirrors halfway on their paths, follow parabolic trajectories and that the apexes of these parabolic paths lie on a circle. From this circle we can generate another ellipse by a similar procedure as above. This ‘circle-ellipse-circle–ellipse-…’ cycle is a representation of the ‘birth-death-birth-death-…’ cycle. It is a representation of the ‘parent-child-parent-child-…’ cycle of living organisms. These cycles have no beginning and no end. They exhibit the beauty of symmetry of Natural law. We don’t use vectors or calculus or Newton’s laws in our method. We follow Galileo’s tradition, use geometry principles in our analysis.
Category: Classical Physics

[1365] viXra:1809.0235 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-11 19:10:09

In Support of a New Gravitational Model

Authors: Richard A Peters
Comments: 41 Pages.

If gravity is mediated by the exchange of gravitons between objects, then the acceleration of an object toward a gravitational body (GB) is proportional to the graviton flux emitted by the GB that impinges on the object. Any motion of the object relative to the GB will affect the graviton flux from the GB on the object. The acceleration of the object relative to the GB will thus depend on both the object’s distance from the object and its motion relative to the GB. This behavior defies the known acceleration profile that is absent any factor of the velocity of an object in the gravitational field. If an object were directly subject to gravity, the gravitational field of a GB could not be characterized, as it is known to be, solely as a function of the active gravitational mass and distance of the GB. The only mechanism that can be invoked to nullify the certain and irrefutable effect of the augmentation of graviton flux by the velocity of an object toward a GB is one that denies altogether the direct effect of graviton flux on the acceleration of an object in a gravitational field. In simpler terms: massive objects are not directly subject to gravity! The Temporal InertiaI (TI) field model of gravity and inertia is a conjecture of this author. The TI field acts as an intermediary in the transmission of the gravitational force between objects. Particles of the TI field are directly subject to gravity but objects are not. An object is accelerated toward a GB at the same rate as the TI field. The TI field supports the propagation of gravitons. No matter how the TI field moves, the velocity of gravitons is constant relative to the TI field, hence there is no increase in graviton flux as the TI field moves toward a GB except for the increase in graviton flux caused by the proximity to the GB.
Category: Classical Physics

[1364] viXra:1809.0202 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-10 19:10:58

Final-State-Diagram of Quadratic Iterator Topologically Equivalent with an Eddy's Decay-Cascade in Turbulent Fluids

Authors: Udo E. Steinemann
Comments: 7 Pages.

This article refers to the paper http://vixra.org/abs/1801.0037, "Turbulence as structured Route of Energy from Order into Chaos", published by Udo E. Steinemann (vixra.org, Category: Physics, Classical Physics, 121801[2]). Within Conclusion of the referenced text a statement was made: "This way a picture about an eddy's decay can be drawn as a well structured route of energy from order into chaos, similar to those of many other dynamical systems too". The current text will give additional explanations to this statement. The current text will sketch the way entrance to chaos is shown for the quadratic iterator and how the major outcomes from this perception can be used in addition to the above mentioned article.
Category: Classical Physics

[1363] viXra:1809.0200 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-10 22:47:19

Maxwell-type Theory for Non-uniformly Moving Electric Charge

Authors: Hui Peng
Comments: 16 Pages. A mathematic approach for electrodynamics of non-uniform moving charge

In this article, we propose a mathematic approach to study the effects of accelerating charges. We postulate and demonstrate mathematically that the acceleration of electric charges generate new N and M fields. The N and M field equations are supplement to Maxwell equations, and have the similar forms as that of Maxwell equations. The effect of the N and M fields is to vary the Lorentz force with time, and have the similar forms as that of Lorentz force. The N and M fields propagate as waves. The N and M fields due to accelerating charges exist mathematically. We suggest that those new fields are worth to be systematically studied experimentally. The study of those new fields might open a new window.
Category: Classical Physics

[1362] viXra:1809.0194 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-11 00:55:28

Correction of Physics. Work and Energy

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 17 Pages. -

Vector sense of work
Category: Classical Physics

[1361] viXra:1809.0185 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-09 18:15:22

Maxwell Equations Re-derived Mathematically

Authors: Hui Peng
Comments: 5 Pages. The world is built mathematically

In this article, by applying Gauss/Coulomb’s law, we re-derive mathematically the whole set of Maxwell equations, which means that, as long as a charge satisfies Gauss/Coulomb’s law, the uniform motion of the charge generates inevitably a magnetic field and an axial electric field. This fact is predetermined mathematically.
Category: Classical Physics

[1360] viXra:1809.0172 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-08 08:19:32

Dynamic Gravity Experiment with Physical Pendulum

Authors: Dezso Sarkadi
Comments: 6 Pages.

In recent decades, several methods significantly different from the classic method of the Cavendish torsion balance have been developed and used for measuring the gravitational constant G. Unfortunately, the new de-terminations of G have not reduced significantly its uncertainty. It seems that in recent times, the accuracy prob-lem for the gravitational constant has not been the focus. This paper presents a new type gravity experiment used a big and heavy physical pendulum, not for a newest gravitational constant measure, but for the study of special gravitational effects encountered accidentally. Surprisingly strong gravitational effects have been observed between moving masses. We have named the whole new group of gravitational phenomena by "dynamic gravity". Despite the simplicity of our gravity experiment, the observed extraordinary results could lead to an unexpected revolution in gravity science.
Category: Classical Physics

[1359] viXra:1809.0168 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-08 23:49:57

Anti-Gravitation. Loss of Weight the Moving Subject

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 4 Pages. -

Gravitation Elimination without excessive expenses of energy
Category: Classical Physics

[1358] viXra:1809.0154 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-07 18:24:10

What is Mass?

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 1 Page.

a brief definition of mass
Category: Classical Physics

[1357] viXra:1809.0142 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-08 03:41:10

Weightlessness Principle

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 4 Pages. -

The physical principle of weightlessness (anti-gravity) on the basis of classical mechanics theory.
Category: Classical Physics

[1356] viXra:1809.0138 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-06 05:35:51

Pierwsza Prędkość Kosmiczna a Siła Coriolisa ### The First Cosmic Velocity and The Coriolis Force

Authors: Zbigniew Osiak
Comments: 4 Pages. In Polish

Pokazano, że wartość pierwszej prędkości kosmicznej satelity krążącego po orbicie kołowej w płaszczyźnie równikowej wirującej Ziemi jest mniejsza w kierunku wschodnim niż w kierunku zachodnim. Efekt ten spowodowany jest przez siły bezwładności – odśrodkową i Coriolisa. ### It was shown that the value of the first cosmic velocity of a satellite moving in a circular orbit in the equatorial plane of the rotating Earth is smaller in the easterly direction than in the westerly direction. This effect is caused by inertial forces – centrifugal and Coriolis.
Category: Classical Physics

[1355] viXra:1809.0137 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-06 05:39:57

The First Cosmic Velocity and The Coriolis Force

Authors: Zbigniew Osiak
Comments: 4 Pages.

It was shown that the value of the first cosmic velocity of a satellite moving in a circular orbit in the equatorial plane of the rotating Earth is smaller in the easterly direction than in the westerly direction. This effect is caused by inertial forces – centrifugal and Coriolis.
Category: Classical Physics

[1354] viXra:1809.0087 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-04 14:14:10

Względność Ruchu

Authors: Dariusz Dudało
Comments: 1 Page.

Względność ruchu
Category: Classical Physics

[1353] viXra:1809.0082 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-04 23:51:37

On the Fundamental Constants

Authors: Steve P Smith
Comments: 4 Pages.

It is assumed by modern physics that there exists no theory which can predict the values of the fundamental physical constants. This assumption however is incorrect as there is undoubtedly an underlying connection between the constants being that of angular momentum. In particular the angular momentum of the electron in the hydrogen atom which appears to obey the laws of Kepler. It may be considered that the model of hydrogen as suggested by Bohr, is not an accurate representation however it would appear that the origin of many of the constants appear to rely upon the orbital model. This paper will illustrate this connection and correctly predicts all of the values of the physical constants with accuracy, equal to or greater than that of the currently accepted and published values . As a consequence of this the orbital model of Bohr should be considered in a new light.
Category: Classical Physics

[1352] viXra:1809.0078 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-05 02:52:21

The Test for Check of Physical Understanding

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 2 Pages. -

Article of the prof. F.M.Kanarev "Small dedebilny gift to school students and students" of http://sciteclibrary.ru/rus/catalog/pages/12882.html is considered in quality of dough for check of physical understanding.
Category: Classical Physics

[1351] viXra:1809.0068 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-05 08:09:42

Fine Structure Constant at Cosmological Scale

Authors: Alberto Coe
Comments: 2 Pages.

Will describe the ratio between two energies .The energy of photons associated to the cosmic microwave background and the gravitational potential energy of a system of particles (protons and electrons). The value of this ratio is equivalent to the current value of the fine structure constant .
Category: Classical Physics

[1350] viXra:1809.0066 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-05 10:34:06

Quantum Mechanics and the ``emission & Regeneration'' Unified Field Theory.

Authors: Osvaldo Domann
Comments: 58 Pages. Copyright. All rights reserved. The content of the present work, its ideas, axioms, postulates, definitions, derivations, results, findings, etc., can be reproduced only by making clear reference to the author.

The origin of the limitations of our standard theoretical model is the assumption that the energy of a particle is concentrated at a small volume in space. The limitations are bridged by introducing artificial objects and constructions like particles wave, gluons, strong force, weak force, gravitons, dark matter, dark energy, etc. The proposed approach models subatomic particles such as electrons and positrons as focal points in space where continuously fundamental particles are emitted and absorbed, fundamental particles where the energy of the electron or positron is stored as rotations defining longitudinal and transversal angular momenta (fields). Interaction laws between angular momenta of fundamental particles are postulated in that way, that the basic laws of physics (Coulomb, Ampere, Lorentz, Maxwell, Gravitation, etc.) can be derived from the postulates. This methodology makes sure, that the approach is in accordance with the basic laws of physics, in other words, with well proven experimental data. Due to the dynamical description of the particles the proposed approach has not the limitations of the standard model and is not forced to introduce artificial concepts or constructions. All forces are the product of interactions between angular momenta of fundamental particles (electromagnetic interactions) described by QED. Interactions like QCD and Gauge/Gravity Duality are simply the product of the insufficiencies of the SM and not required.
Category: Classical Physics

[1349] viXra:1809.0056 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-03 23:24:57

Axiom of Unity of Space-Matter-Time of the Prof. F.M. Kanaryov

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 3 Pages. -

Attempt of the comment
Category: Classical Physics

[1348] viXra:1809.0055 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-03 23:28:20

The Law of Universal Gravitation at Zero Distance

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 5 Pages. -

The law of Universal gravitation at zero distance between bodies is considered
Category: Classical Physics

[1347] viXra:1809.0054 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-03 23:54:40

Inertial Reference System

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 4 Pages. -

Physical definition of an inertial reference system for any pair of interacting bodies is given. The place zero of them is established. This position the only thing calculated on the found formulas
Category: Classical Physics

[1346] viXra:1809.0053 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-03 23:58:34

Work and Energy – Scalars or Vectors?

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 4 Pages. -

The physical sense of the concept "vector" and its applicability or inapplicability to physical concepts is considered.
Category: Classical Physics

[1345] viXra:1809.0039 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-03 00:25:16

The Baer's Law and Einstein's Task on Behavior of Tea Leaves

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 10 Pages. -

The reasons of a curvature of river courses are considered. The solution of a task of Einstein on behavior of Tealeaf leaves is proposed.
Category: Classical Physics

[1344] viXra:1809.0036 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-03 00:59:19

The Complete Solution for Existence and Smoothness of Navier-Stokes Equation

Authors: Mihir Kumar Jha
Comments: 7 Pages.

The motive of this paper is to put forward a general solution to Navier-stokes equation which describes the motion of viscous fluid substances, derived by applying Newton’s second law to fluid motion. These equations are the set of coupled differential equations, which are too difficult to solve analytically.
Category: Classical Physics

[1343] viXra:1809.0023 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-02 02:14:10

Medieval Measurement of Time

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 6 Pages. -

Achievable accuracy of medieval temporary measurements is considered.
Category: Classical Physics

[1342] viXra:1809.0001 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-01 05:02:57

Description of Rotation

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 6 Pages. -

The logical contradiction of descriptions of rotary and oscillatory movements is revealed. Their consistent description is offered.
Category: Classical Physics

[1341] viXra:1808.0669 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-30 11:42:35

Evolution of the Accumulation of Gravitating Bodies with Allowance for Absolutely Inelastic Collisions

Authors: Dmitry G. Kiryan, Georges V. Kiryan
Comments: 14 Pages.

In the framework of classical mechanics, the problem of numerical modeling of the evolution of a cluster of a finite number of gravitating bodies with allowance for gravitational accretion is considered. Numerical simulation showed that the characteristic shape of the curve of the "rotation curve" of stars of certain galaxies is determined only by the current configuration of the orbits of bodies and their masses. This means that there is no need to introduce some "dark matter" into consideration, and there is also no need to modify Newton's classical law on the gravitational interaction of two material bodies. When modeling the dynamics of a finite number of gravitating bodies, the possibility of a collision of bodies was taken into account, and the impact is assumed to be absolutely inelastic. Exterior, with respect to the cluster of bodies under consideration, the force actions of any nature were excluded. Of all the internal force factors acting in the cluster, only gravitational interaction is considered. The problems of determining the natural initial conditions for solving the Cauchy problem for a given time interval are touched upon.
Category: Classical Physics

[1340] viXra:1808.0668 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-30 15:45:42

Validity in Physics: Parsimony and Synchronicity

Authors: Paris Samuel Miles-Brenden
Comments: 10 Pages. matter, mass, motion, factoring of wave equation, gap, mass gap

As it turns out there is a reason for matter, mass, and the constituative functional determination of motion; to be found in 'measure.' This paper determines from abstract notions what is commonplace reasoning; that if something is capable of motion; it is indeed constructed of an aggregate of matter; the example of displacement and certainty; for which answers the mystery of motion and matter's appearance utilizing a super-symmetric argument; and to which finds it's way into foundational physics.
Category: Classical Physics

[1339] viXra:1808.0661 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-30 22:59:38

Electrodynamics for Non-uniformly Moving Electric Charge

Authors: Hui Peng
Comments: 9 Pages. thanks very much for consideration of my paper

In this article, we postulate and demonstrate mathematically that the acceleration of an electric charge generates new N and M fields. The equations of the N and M fields obtained are derived from pure mathematic formulas and Maxwell equations. Therefore, the new fields should exist and need to be tested experimentally. The new field equations have the similar forms as that of Maxwell equations, and are supplement to Maxwell equations. The effects of new fields are to vary the Lorentz force with time. The new fields propagate as waves. We suggest that those new fields are worth to be systematically studied experimentally. The study of those new fields might open a new window.
Category: Classical Physics

[1338] viXra:1808.0655 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-31 03:42:47

Historical Problems of Physics. the Dimension of the Space

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 4 Pages. -

The concept "the dimension of the space" determined by number of its measurements is considered.
Category: Classical Physics

[1337] viXra:1808.0632 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-30 02:17:43

Large Imaging with Beam Splitter Sensor Matrices

Authors: Jijo Punnoose
Comments: 18 Pages.

Extending the use of beam-splitter in stereo camera imaging, the author - a 3D filmmaker, is proposing how segments of multiple images could be captured by optical sensor matrices and combined to create very high resolution images.
Category: Classical Physics

[1336] viXra:1808.0620 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-28 16:37:15

On the Properties of Homo-Rays and Mirrors

Authors: Beimat
Comments: 11 Pages. A modest contribution.

In this paper, the properties of homo-rays (also known as "raios gay") are studied. Experimental data is analyzed and a subsequent classical homo-ray wave theory is formulated. Interactions of homo-rays and mirrors are also studied, and their use allows for experiments which yielded data to support a relativistic extension of homo-ray theory. Experimental results yield that the standard speed of homo-rays is exactly 3m/s, and the surprising result that (ground state) homo-rays propagate in imaginary momentum space is obtained. Finally, it is briefly discussed the extension of the theory to a quantum version.
Category: Classical Physics

[1335] viXra:1808.0616 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-28 23:32:45

Historical Problems of Physics. Force, Weight, Inertial Reference System.

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 16 Pages. -

The physical sense (definition is given) initial physical concepts - forces, masses, an inertial reference system is revealed.
Category: Classical Physics

[1334] viXra:1808.0598 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-28 02:11:22

Definition of Time

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 6 Pages. -

The physical sense of time is revealed and its properties are defined.
Category: Classical Physics

[1333] viXra:1808.0517 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-22 13:42:07

An Alternate View of the Elliptic Property of a Family of Projectile Paths

Authors: Radhakrishnamurty Padyala
Comments: 5 Pages.

Fernandez-Chapou and coworkers analyzed projectile trajectories and showed an elliptic property hidden in them. They pointed out and demonstrated a little known property of these projectiles, namely, the vertices of these projectiles lie on an ellipse. We present in this article an alternate view point of observing this ellipse. We emphasize, that we don’t use vectors or calculus or Newton’s laws in our analysis. We follow the traditions of Galileo – we use geometry principles. We consider here the semi parabolic paths of the projectiles.
Category: Classical Physics

[1332] viXra:1808.0292 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-19 09:55:22

The Foundations of the Universe-the Laws of Time and Space.

Authors: Royan Rosche
Comments: 4 Pages.

The Sun shows you its Space by its curve, that is, its spherical motion, it is following its own curvature of Space and in doing so creates Time. Space-Time is mapped out by the Sun itself and this is the VERY FOUNDATIONS OF REALITY. Space itself cannot be seen directly, only by what it holds can you know what it does. Listen, for this is the key to the Quantum, to find yourself in Space you must stop moving because your constant motion-Space alludes you, in order to be found you must stop. You motion spreads you across Space thus you are unable to be in one location and cannot be found, you remain undetectable. Only by Measuring via Observation can particles be seen.
Category: Classical Physics

[1331] viXra:1808.0285 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-20 00:07:25

A Revised Formulation of Maxwell's Equations

Authors: Krishna Srinivasan
Comments: 9 Pages.

In 1864, James Clerk Maxwell formulated a set of electromagnetic equations to describe the interactions between electric and magnetic fields, now known as Maxwell's equations in his honor. In this paper, using a simple thought experiment, it will be proven that Faraday's law must be revised to correctly describe the relation of the electric field generated from a time-varying magnetic field in a medium, whose relative permittivity is not unity. Ampere's law will also be modified to reflect the change in Faraday's law. Additional changes will be made to adhere the equations to the law of conservation of energy. The new set of electromagnetic equations not only does not conflict with the existing formulation, but also includes a previously unaccounted relation of a non-Ohmic current, and its generation of the magnetic field.
Category: Classical Physics

[1330] viXra:1808.0263 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-18 23:01:23

Violation of Universality of Free Fall by Fast-moving Test Bodies

Authors: Hui Peng
Comments: 14 Pages. Thanks very much for consideration of my paper

The Universality of Free Fall (UFF) and the Weak Equivalent Principle (WEP) are crucial for Einstein’s theory of gravity. In this article, we show that fast-moving test bodies violate UFF. A well-known problem of WEP is its lack of clarity about the inertial masses, e.g., the gravitational mass is equal to the rest mass for test bodies whereas it is equal to the relativistic mass, T^μν, for the source of gravitational fields (S-GF). To resolve this problem we expand WEP into three Sub-WEPs: WEP-I, WEP-II, and WEP-III. This allows us to define a new precise WEP where WEP-I is for slow-moving test bodies/S-GFs and WEP-II or WEP-III is for fast-moving test bodies/S-GFs. Not only is WEP-I valid and equivalent to UFF for slow-moving test bodies, it is also valid for slow-moving S-GFs. Either WEP-II or WEP-III is applicable to fast-moving test bodies/S-GFs. A synchrotron-type experiment is designed to directly verify both the predicted violation of UFF and the un-demonstrated WEP-II or WEP-III. Experimental confirmation of WEP-II would lead to an internal U (1) symmetry of gravity.
Category: Classical Physics

[1329] viXra:1808.0244 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-17 19:40:10

Doppler Effect for Non-uniformly Moving Source, Observer, and Mirror

Authors: Hui Peng
Comments: 24 Pages. Thanks very much for your consideration.

Doppler effect has been applied to study the accelerating universe and to daily life. We believe that to describe non-uniform moving system, physics laws should include terms of acceleration/deceleration for accuracy and completeness. In this article, we study systematically the effects of non-uniform motion of either source, or observer, or mirror on Doppler effect, called it the Extended Doppler effect. We show that, indeed, the non-uniform motion not only shifts wavelength/frequency but also changes wavelength/frequency and Extended Doppler shift continuously. There is no transformation between non-uniform moving reference frames. We derived Extended Doppler effect for non-uniform moving source, observer, and mirror based on (1) the speed of light wave is the same for all non-uniform moving frames; (2) geometric optical principles hold. We show that, for slow non-uniform motion, the shifts of wavelength/frequency depend on the relative velocity and relative acceleration/deceleration.
Category: Classical Physics

[1328] viXra:1808.0211 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-15 09:48:58

Coulomb Electric Gravity And A Simple Unified Theory (SUT)

Authors: Chan Rasjid Kah Chew
Comments: 9 Pages.

SUT is an aether theory. The fundamental substance of the universe is the electric charge, positive and negative. The aether is the substance of space, a superposition of two uniform charge density +ρ a and −ρ a . There is only a single universal force, the Coulomb electrical forces of attraction and repulsion. Gravitation is the result of a small excess of Coulomb attraction over repulsion. There is no neutron within the nucleus of atoms; nuclear electrons are introduced instead. Mass conservation is valid. SUT develops an electric mechanics with no need of a mass as an independent physical dimension. An electric mass defined as volume/charge of charged particles completely replaces the gravitational mass concept.
Category: Classical Physics

[1327] viXra:1808.0106 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-08 19:17:13

Unusual Rocket and Propulsion

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 10 Pages. I re-convert in PDF. It is OK now and I am sending again

Conventional modern rocket has existed for more than a half century. However, there has been little or no significant progress in their basic data. They are very exceedingly complex and generally very expensive to build. Designers ordinarily try to improve them by simplifying in order to reduce the cost payload launches. They try to use the first stagy of rocket sometimes, because the rocket engine and body are expensive. But no significant success. The author offers a new type of rocket which does not have the usual rocket body and engine (only open solid rocket fuel). This new rocket is cheap to fabricate, may be switched on and switched off many times and has specific impulse more than conventional solid fuel engine (i.e., close to liquid fuel). One can be used for launch as well as vector correcting rocket. This method is particularly suitable for micro-spacecraft (up to 1 kg). It allows to reduce the launch weight of the rocket to 50 ÷ 1000 kg.
Category: Classical Physics

[1326] viXra:1808.0103 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-09 02:35:18

Fundamentals of Dialectical-Materialistic Physics \\\\\ Основы диалектико-материалистической физики

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 78 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov <©> Fundamentals of Dialectical-Materialistic Physics AUG 9, 2018

In this article I present an axiomatic construction of the foundations of physics. This construction is based on the fundamental concept of matter. Nature is basically material. This means that all the bodies and objects of nature are of matter in the final analysis. Matter is the basis, essence and the only substance of nature. Matter is the content of elementary particles in nature. But in this case matter is the basic property of elementary particles. Hence, this property can be represented in physics in the form of a physical quantity matter. It is this situation that prompts us how to introduce matter into the bosom of physics as the main physical quantity. The author is a dialectical materialist. It was Marxist-Leninist philosophy (MLF) and its main section of dialectical materialism that were the starting point and the foundation for the creation of the foundations of the dialectical-materialistic physics. These foundations are presented in this article. ++++++++++++++++++++++++ В настоящей статье представлено аксиоматическое построение основ физики. Это построение основывается на фундаментальном понятии материя. Природа в своей основе материальна. Это значит, что все тела, вещи, предметы и объекты природы состоят, в конечном счёте, из материи. Материя есть основа, сущность и единственная субстанция природы. Материя есть содержимое элементарных частиц в природе. Но в таком случае материя есть основное свойство элементарных частиц. Значит, это свойство можно представить в физике в виде физической величины «материя». Именно эта ситуация и подсказывает нам, как следует ввести материю в лоно физики в качестве основной физической величины. Автор является диалектическим материалистом. Именно марксистско-ленинская философия (МЛФ) и её основной раздел – диалектический материализм явились отравным пунктом, стартовой позицией и фундаментом в деле создания основ диалектико-материалистической физики. Эти основы представлены в настоящей статье.
Category: Classical Physics

[1325] viXra:1808.0085 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-08 01:20:01

Hidden Truth of Free Fall Experiment

Authors: Cres Huang
Comments: 8 Pages.

Free fall experiment has been performed countless times for centuries. However, many facts were overlooked. A simple experiment since Galileo tells more than just gravity. Everyone can do it experiment will not catch much serious attention. Dishing up the same old stuff of few hounded years might seemed child's play to some. However, many fundamentals of the universe are revealed if looked closer. Significant facts can be overlooked, ignored, or misinterpreted when we rush forward. %Ambiguous and paradoxical interpretations of fundamentals could be roadblock left. Nevertheless, free fall experiments reveal: 1. Gravity is a force. 2. Free fall is an action powered by gravity. 3. Gravity contradicts attraction force. It acts exactly like contact force. 4. The infinite independence of space.
Category: Classical Physics

[1324] viXra:1808.0009 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-02 00:02:43

Sabotage of Academicians \\\\\\ Саботаж академиков

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 42 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov <©> Sabotage of Academicians Aug 2, 2018

Речь в настоящей статье идёт о «Теории Природы» автора, которой исполнилось уже 6 лет. «Теория Природы» – это комплексное решение проблемы нашей Вселенной. Это решение найдено на платформе диалектического материализма. Установлено конкретное проявление материи в природе. Это Сингулярность – излучающий материю центр Вселенной. И это – элементарные частицы. Содержимое элементарных частиц есть материя, «чистая» материя природы. Материя, как свойство элементарных частиц, вводится в лоно физики в качестве основной физической величины. Основание физики перестраивается на материалистический лад, уклад. Но так и должно быть, ведь материя – это основа, сущность, единственная субстанция природы. «Теория Природы» = это новая материалистическая физика и космология. Вот против этой физики и выступает объединённый фронт сил реакции и мракобесия. И в одном ряду с этими силами партия физиков во главе с академиками и профессорами. То, как эта партия противостоит новому, прогрессивному, противостоит и противодействует «Теории Природы» есть проявление настоящего саботажа, саботажа академиков против всего общества. Об этом противостоянии партии академиков и профессоров современной физики против «Теории Природы» и её достижений и открытий, о противостоянии в форме саботажа и будет идти речь в настоящей статье. +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ This article is about the "Theory of Nature" by the author, who turned 6 years old. "Theory of Nature" is a complex solution to the problem of our Universe. This solution is found on the platform of dialectical materialism. A concrete manifestation of matter in nature has been established. This Singularity is the center of our Universe that radiates matter. And these are elementary particles. The content of elementary particles is matter, the "pure" matter of nature. Matter, as a property of elementary particles, is introduced into the bosom of physics as the main physical quantity. The foundation of physics is reconstructed into a materialistic mode, a way of life. But it should be so, because matter is the basis, essence, the only substance of nature. "Theory of Nature" = this is a new materialistic physics and cosmology. Here, against this materialistic physics, is the united front of reaction forces and obscurantism. And alongside these forces is a party of physicists, headed by academicians and professors. The way this party opposes the new, progressive, confronts and counteracts the "Theory of Nature" is a manifestation of real sabotage, sabotage of academics against the whole society. This opposition of the party of academics and professors of modern physics against the "Theory of Nature" and its achievements and discoveries, about confrontation in the form of sabotage will be discussed in this article.
Category: Classical Physics

[1323] viXra:1807.0523 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-31 13:33:42

The Theory of Gearbox

Authors: Yahya Awad Sharif Mohammed
Comments: 1 Page. Author's Email: yahya-sharif@hotmail.com

The article aims to present a brief introduction to my theory of gearbox
Category: Classical Physics

[1322] viXra:1807.0522 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-31 15:51:49

Interstellar Flight of Outer Solar System

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 36 Pages.

Author researches, discusses and estimates the need parameters of launch systems the mini automatic probe for flight to the nearest star systems “Alpha-Centauri” and others. He shows that problem is very difficult for current and future technology. Launch requests gigantic energy, expensive equipment and large trip time. The conventional nuclear and thermonuclear on-board reactors cannot also solve this problem (Part 1). Author offers and researches three new possible perspective propulsion systems: multi-reflex light system used new sell-multi-reflex mirror and lasers (Part 2); cold plasma beam from Earth (Part 3) and on-board Micro Black Hole (MBH) nuclear photon rocket (Part 4). In all methods, he offered innovations, which make possible to implement all with current technology. Two first methods request the high altitude (40 ÷ 80 km) mast. He estimates: the requested launch system (laser multi-reflect propulsion, cold plasma beam propulsion, MBH nuclear propulsion, etc.);grown and board equipment, energy installation (generator and accelerator); interstellar flight; environmental, medium drag; interstellar micro particles; communication with Earth. Author showed – the most realistic interstellar launch system is laser beam used the cell reflective mirror or ultra-cold plasma beam.
Category: Classical Physics

[1321] viXra:1807.0521 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-31 16:01:18

Rocket with Unusual Rocket Body and Engine

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 6 Pages.

Conventional modern rocket has existed for more than a half century. However, there has been little or no significant progress in their basic data. They are very exceedingly complex and generally very expensive to build. Designers ordinarily try to improve them by simplifying in order to reduce the cost payload launches. They try to use the first stagy of rocket sometimes, because the rocket engine and body are expensive. But no significant success. The author offers a new type of rocket which does not have the usual rocket body and engine (only open solid rocket fuel). This new rocket is cheap to fabricate, may be switched on and switched off many times and has specific impulse more than conventional solid fuel engine (i.e., close to liquid fuel). One can be used for launch as well as vector correcting rocket. This method is particularly suitable for micro-spacecraft (up to 1 kg). It allows to reduce the launch weight of the rocket to 50 ÷ 1000 kg. Key words: non-body rocket, non-engine rocket, explosive rocket propulsion, AB rocket.
Category: Classical Physics

[1320] viXra:1807.0520 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-31 16:08:25

Suggestions for Improving Patenting

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 2 Pages.

Brief Summary. Suggestions: 1.The application for the invention is drawn up under all Rules of the PTO (history of the invention, detailed description with figures, claims, patent research, etc.). Inventor can add to it the terms of transfer, cost leasing or purchase. The application is posted on an open, widely known website (Google Patent, Archive.org, http://intellectualarchive.com, PTO or special web side) with free access, which puts the placement date. Give ordinary courts the right to accept statements of claim from the author (or his close relatives in the event of his death), if promulgated non-patented inventions for violation of intellectual property (somebody is using given invention for profit). 2.During the period of validity of the patent (usually 20 years), the author can submit an application to the PTO for examination and issuance of a patent. Only then he pays a fair PTO fee for the examination of the application and the issuance of a patent. 3.The total maximum fee cannot exceed $ 100 for individual inventor. Payments for "maintaining" the patent (Maintence Fees) should be canceled. 4.The inventor over 65 years of age having only SSI can patent for free. 5.The State Committee for Inventions (or the department in the PTO) is needed, where authors of inventions that are important for the defense, security or technical progress of the country can apply. If the experts recognize the invention as such, then the invention becomes state property or secret, the PTO patent this invention for free. In the future, the author will get 1% of the cost of products using this invention, and the Committee (or PTO) 0.5% for the content of the Committee (PTO). 6.All PTO profits should be used to support individual inventors with low income and for inventor over 65 years of age.
Category: Classical Physics

[1319] viXra:1807.0479 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-28 15:30:27

Will Newton's Second Law Apply to This Situation ? Edited

Authors: Yahya Awad Sharif Mohammed
Comments: 3 Pages. Author's Email: yahya-sharif@hotmail.com

The article aims to show that Newton’s second law as well as Newton’s third law do not apply to a specific situation on physics. Edited by adding the equation.
Category: Classical Physics

[1318] viXra:1807.0471 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-27 16:00:37

Common Sense Defies “Physics”

Authors: Sjaak Uitterdijk
Comments: 2 Pages.

All my theoretical research on physics, created by and since Einstein, have led me to the belief that the higher the level of intelligence of the physicist, the more that can be a threat to the health of physical sciences!
Category: Classical Physics

[1317] viXra:1807.0433 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-25 11:45:34

What is Charge, from What Does it Arise And, if Discrete, Why?

Authors: Lubomir Vlcek
Comments: 4 Pages. The article is ready to be published

A spherical electron cocoon or an electron cloud is occasion why electron have negative charge. Proton is compact mass not making cocoon, cloud. Proton has a positive charge.
Category: Classical Physics

[1316] viXra:1807.0387 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-23 08:55:51

Левитация в эфире

Authors: Gennadiy Braznik
Comments: 128 Pages.

Современная научная парадигма рассматривает окружающее нас бытие в двух формах материи – вещества и поля. Вещество в различных термодинамических состояниях состоит из частиц, а поле, заполняющее остальное пространство, является физическим объектом, сущность которого определяется набором динамических уравнений математической физики релятивизма. Отрицание материальности или вещественности эфирной среды пространства Вселенной ведет ортодоксальную парадигму к мистицизму и не позволяет ей определить основные физические законы явления левитации, несмотря на то, что этим известным классическим законам уже более пяти тысяч лет…
Category: Classical Physics

[1315] viXra:1807.0377 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-22 11:04:52

Will Newton's Second Law Apply to This Situation ?

Authors: Yahya Awad Sharif Mohammed
Comments: 3 Pages. Author's Email: yahya-sharif@hotmail.com

The article aims to show that Newton’s second law as well as Newton’s third law do not apply to a specific situation on physics.
Category: Classical Physics

[1314] viXra:1807.0312 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-19 04:25:14

About Time and "Cockroaches" \\\\\\ О времени и «тараканах»

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 15 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov <©> About Time and "Cockroaches" July 19, 2018

The present article poses and solves the question: "How at the level of elementary particles, on the Planck scale of being discrete and continuous in relation to real natural time and real movement are correlated between themselves?" ------------------- В настоящей статье ставится и решается вопрос: «Как на уровне элементарных частиц, на планковском масштабе бытия дискретное и непрерывное в отношении к реальному природному времени и реальному движению соотносятся между собой?»
Category: Classical Physics

[1313] viXra:1807.0247 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-13 17:22:36

Letter to the Committee “The Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics”

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 13 Pages. Robert Yusupov <©> Letter to Yuri Milner June 4, 2018

Found on Wikipedia site https://breakthroughprize.org. There was an explanation posted: “The Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics was founded in 2012 by Yuri Milner to recognize those individuals who have made profound contributions to human knowledge. It is open to all physicists — theoretical, mathematical, experimental — working on the deepest mysteries of the Universe”. My "Theory of Nature" revealed many secrets of the Universe, the foundations of nature. Within the framework of the "Theory of Nature" several dozen fundamental problems of physics and cosmology have been solved. "Theory of Nature" is presented in several of my articles (http://vixra.org/author/robert_yusupov). I wrote a letter to this committee (office@breakthroughprize.org) addressed to Mr. Milner with the request to consider one such article of mine.
Category: Classical Physics

[1312] viXra:1807.0217 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-11 19:55:55

Two Different Types of Magnetic Field

Authors: John Hodge
Comments: 5 Pages.

Such luminaries as Richard P. Feynman and Albert Einstein have noted an asymmetry in application of Maxwell's Equations. The Scalar Theory of Everything (STOE) posits the components of the universe are hods and plenum. An experiment to test Ampere's law and the STOE was performed. The data shows the STOE model is very close to the actual measurements and rejects the classical Biot-Savart Law. The results of the experiments suggest a distinction between magnetic fields caused by hods and magnetic fields caused by plenum resolves the asymmetry.
Category: Classical Physics

[1311] viXra:1807.0207 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-10 22:39:52

Sunset of Physics \\\\\\ Закат физики

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 19 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov <©> Sunset of Physics July 11, 2018

In present article, in the light of the greatest, ingenious, truly revolutionary achievements and discoveries in physics and cosmology made by the author of the Theory of Nature the question of future existence and the future fate of physics as a science is put in its entirety. ++++++++++++++++++ В настоящей статье в свете величайших, гениальных, поистине революционных достижений и открытий в физике и космологии, сделанных автором «Теории Природы», ставится во всей свой полноте вопрос о дальнейшем существовании и о дальнейшей судьбе физики, как науки.
Category: Classical Physics

[1310] viXra:1807.0188 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-09 15:27:13

EUV Transmission Lens Design and Manufacturing Method

Authors: Kenneth C. Johnson
Comments: 8 Pages.

This paper outlines a design for an EUV transmission lens comprising blazed, phase-Fresnel structures approximated by a stepped profile. The structures can be formed on both sides of a thin silicon substrate, providing many more phase levels than would be possible with one-sided lenses. An e-beam fabrication technique with nanometer-scale patterning accuracy is outlined.
Category: Classical Physics

[1309] viXra:1807.0185 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-10 03:11:12

Electromagnetism and the Differential Density Field

Authors: Neal Tensor
Comments: 23 Pages.

In this document I explore a new fundamental theory of nature. In this document I describe nature in terms of the density field. The density field, in it's simplest form is a field for which every point has a density.But in my document I describe it as a differentiable field, which means that a density field with point mass is not a possibility. The quest now for me is to derive a set of equations for explaining how motion works in this field, doing so derives many of the laws of physics amongst other interesting results, such as density waves and the aether. My quest continues in a brief explanation of how electromagnetic fields interact with the density field.
Category: Classical Physics

[1308] viXra:1807.0142 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-06 07:34:51

Pulsing Mass (Once Again About the Matter and Mass) \\\\\ Пульсирующая масса (Ещё раз о материи и массе)

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 22 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov <©> Pulsing mass 6 July, 2018

В современной физике считается, что масса элементарной частицы (ЭЧ) является неизменной постоянной величиной. Это связано с представлением об элементарной частице (ЭЧ), как статичной материальной тверди. В рамках научного исследования автора настоящей статьи удалось установить факт того, что материя является основой элементарной частицы (ЭЧ). А сама элементарная частица (ЭЧ) является пульсирующей в ритме природы материальной плотью. Пульсирующий характер элементарной частицы (ЭЧ) имеет своим следствием тот факт, что масса элементарной частицы (ЭЧ) также является изменяющейся пульсирующей в ритме природы физической величиной. ----------------------- In modern physics it is considered that the mass of an elementary particle (EP) is a constant. This is connected with the idea of an elementary particle (EP), as a static material solid. In the framework of a scientific study of the author of this article, it was possible to establish the fact that matter is the basis of an elementary particle (EP). And the elementary particle (EP) itself is pulsating in the rhythm of nature with material flesh. The pulsating character of an elementary particle (EP) has as its consequence the fact that the mass of an elementary particle (EP) is also a variable physical quantity pulsating in the rhythm of nature.
Category: Classical Physics

[1307] viXra:1807.0105 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-04 15:48:20

A New Approach to Human Powered Flight and Beyond

Authors: Steven Suan Zhu
Comments: 42 Pages. Draft finalized in December 30th 2013 but never published, DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.30180.07043

A New Approach to Human Powered Flight and Beyond
Category: Classical Physics

[1306] viXra:1807.0103 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-04 20:04:34

Fine Structure Constant as the Polarization of the Quantum Field by a Unit Charge

Authors: Ray Fleming
Comments: 4 Pages.

Since it was first discovered, physicists have attempted to find the fundamental physical cause of the fine structure constant. The fine structure constant appears in many different physics relationships and can be expressed in terms of a number of combinations of different physical constants. This leads to some debate over what is the most fundamental representation of the constant. In this paper it is first shown that the unit charge can be viewed as the polarizability of space over a surface area surrounding a unit charge. The polarizability of space is in turn determined by the van der Waals torque of the quantum field. That torque regulates the rate of rotation of the quantum dipoles of standard model quantum field theory as each quantum dipole is polarized. Then, based on the well-known relationship between the charge squared and the fine structure constant, it can be readily shown that the fine structure constant is the total volumetric polarization of the quantum field due to a single unit charge. This shows that the fine structure constant can be fundamentally derived as an effect due to fundamental electrodynamics of the quantum field.
Category: Classical Physics

[1305] viXra:1807.0095 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-03 07:52:05

The Daon Theory: the Electron

Authors: J.E.S. Gustafsson
Comments: 40 Pages.

The Daon theory is a new general theory of physics, it is a completely new way to approach physics and includes, in principle, all phenomena of nature. The theory is presented in a series of closely related papers treating Electromagnetism, Atomic physics, Particle physics, Gravitation and Cosmology. They should be red in this order for a complete understanding. The numerical value of the main natural constants and parameters are calculated, while the explanation for the various natural phenomena are simple and logical. All the results from this theory agree, as far as we know, with experimental data. The Daon theory makes it possible to give simple explanations to all electromagnetic phenomena. We analyse the electric field, magnetism and explains the electron's associated wave. We find at the same time the dielectric constant, the permeability constant, the Planck's constant and the fine structure constant. It follows an analysis of an electron under acceleration giving the explanations to the phenomenon of the Electro-Magnetic wave. We there after examine the modification of an electron's characteristics at high velocity.
Category: Classical Physics

[1304] viXra:1807.0064 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-04 05:45:39

The Principle of Discreteness of Time \\\\\ Принцип дискретности времени

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 12 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov <©> The Principle of Discreteness of Time July 4, 2018

In this article, the author gives his understanding of the device of the time of nature on the Planck scale of being. Nature brilliantly united in herself three of its main essences discrete matter, continuous movement and continuous time. The quantum of matter, the quantum of time, and the quantum of action are the three main components of nature at the micro level. The main problem that is solved within the framework of this article can be formulated as follows: "On the permissible intervals of time in nature". ++++++++++++++++++++++++ В настоящей статье автор приводит своё понимание устройства времени природы на планковском масштабе бытия. Природа блестяще соединила в себе три свои главные сущности дискретную материю, непрерывное движение и непрерывное время. Квант материи, квант времени, и квант действия вот три главные составляющие природы на микроуровне. Основная проблема, которая решается в рамках настоящей статьи может быть сформулирована так «О допустимых интервалах времени в природе».
Category: Classical Physics

[1303] viXra:1807.0041 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-01 08:14:58

The Universe and Large Numbers :Arithmetics of Physical Constants

Authors: Alberto Coe
Comments: 8 Pages.

It’s about the large numbers associated to the field of cosmology and the field of physical constants under an arithmetical point of view . In this paper we have performed an equation that gives an account of some of the previously mentioned concepts . The summarized equation reads : (30[(A-B)+ C])/C=1/α . Inside this equation there are implicitly : the number of photons in the observable universe , the current energy associated to the cosmic microwave backgroud , a parameter that defines a space’s expansion factor , gravitational potential energy of the matter , the number of atoms in the obsevable universe and the energy associated to the electrons of the observable universe . Finally , the arithmetic combination among such topics give a surprising result : the inverse of fine structure constant .
Category: Classical Physics

[1302] viXra:1806.0396 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-26 21:58:13

Another Experiment Rejects Ampere's Law and Supports the Stoe Model

Authors: John Hodge
Comments: 5 Pages.

The Scalar Theory of Everything (STOE) posits the components of the universe emerge to cause gravity and electromagnetic effects. An experiment to test Ampere's law and the STOE was performed. The data shows the STOE model is very close to the actual measurements. The traditional magnetostatics Biot-Savart Law is rejected. The STOE model of magnetostatics is not rejected and is supported.
Category: Classical Physics

[1301] viXra:1806.0384 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-25 09:05:05

Solar Still - Improving the Steam Transport

Authors: Herbert Weidner
Comments: 4 Pages.

In a humidification-dehumidification desalination system, the steam should be transported to the cooling surface by dry and preheated air. The required air temperature and heating power are calculated.
Category: Classical Physics

[1300] viXra:1806.0343 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-24 00:34:51

Multi-barycenter Mechanics, N-body Problem and Rotation of Galaxies and Stars

Authors: Hong Lai Zhu
Comments: 20 Pages.

In this paper, the establishment of a systematic multi-barycenter mechanics is based on the multi-particle mechanics. The new laws reasonably explain the origin and change laws for the rotation angular momentum of galaxies and stars, and uncover that Newton's third law is sometimes established strictly and sometimes it is approximately established. By applying new theory, the N-body problem can be transformed into a special two-body problem and of which a simulation solution method is proposed in appendix.
Category: Classical Physics

[1299] viXra:1806.0340 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-22 05:43:28

The rope of Time

Authors: Marco De lorenzo
Comments: 45 Pages. A sign convention between Real and Imaginary, Extension and Thought

The "represented" can not and must not modify the "form of representation": the piece of paper on which we choose to draw will keep the mutual distance between its squares unchanged regardless of the speed with which we trace the furrow with the pencil, in how much time is not contemplated in postulated geometry.
Category: Classical Physics

[1298] viXra:1806.0313 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-21 11:33:56

Theory of Everything Part Four on Gases and Liquids (Continued)

Authors: Yahya Awad Sharif Mohammed
Comments: 2 Pages. Author's Email: yahya-sharif@hotmail.com

continuing in explaining gases and liquids according to my new theory of everything, my theory of everything part three link : http://vixra.org/abs/1806.0157
Category: Classical Physics

[1297] viXra:1806.0285 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-21 04:47:12

Inverted Dynamics

Authors: Giorgio Capezzali
Comments: 45 Pages. Accepted for publication in Physics Essays, Vol. 29, No. 1 (March 2016)

In the field of faster-than-light motions a new theory is introduced: the inverted dynamics. As we will see, this theory is confirmed by the experiments MINOS, OPERA and Fermilab79. More precisely, in its framework, these three experiments give the same result for the muonic neutrino rest mass in the limit of the measurement uncertainties. This result is also well below the highest probable value of 170 keV experimentally determined by Assamagan. Furthermore, by the inverted dynamics, we are able to explain classically the tunnelling effect.
Category: Classical Physics

[1296] viXra:1806.0262 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-16 01:59:49

Universe Self Inflation Without Dark Energy

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 4 pages

The cosmic expansion of our Universe really is accelerating; the mystery is why. The most popular explanation is Hypothesis of Dark Energy, which originates from another supposition – the Big Bang. According to Newton mechanics with corrections of Einstein relativity the velocity of galaxies must slow down or at least remain unchangeable. This article shows that Newton gravitation law causes two distinct phenomena in the Universe: 1. mutual attraction of the bodies and 2. accelerating expansion of the void. No Dark Energy is necessary.
Category: Classical Physics

[1295] viXra:1806.0251 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-16 18:38:33

A Topological Model of Particle Physics

Authors: Vincenzo Nardozza
Comments: 8 Pages.

A mathematical model for interpreting Newtonian gravity by means of elastic deformation of space is given. Based on this model, a possible theory of particle physics, interpreting particles as compact manifold attached to space by means of a connected sum is given. This theory is based on little mathematical ground and should be seen more as a description of the world as we would like to be (being enthusiast of low dimensional manifold topology) then a proper theory. However, we think that this theory is fun and it was worth writing about it!
Category: Classical Physics

[1294] viXra:1806.0231 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-18 11:28:26

Velocity of an Electric Current

Authors: Sjaak Uitterdijk
Comments: 3 Pages.

This article argues that the velocity of an electric current in a solid conductive wire most likely equals the orbital velocity of the valence electron(s) in the atom of the matter of the wire.
Category: Classical Physics

[1293] viXra:1806.0192 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-15 00:37:45

Pioneer Anomaly and Dimensions of Time

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 6 pages, 4 figures

The emergence and dimensions of Time are analyzed here on the basis of Newton gravitation law. The new Conception proposes that Time does not exist independently. The Time is the acceleration rate of the Universe expansion. Time has three dimensions: one is in the direction from Past to Future and two dimensions of the Present. The cause of Pioneer anomaly is taking into account only one time dimension of the Present.
Category: Classical Physics

[1292] viXra:1806.0166 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-12 16:33:18

Theory of Everything Part Four on Gases and Liquids

Authors: Yahya Awad Sharif Mohammed
Comments: 2 Pages. Author's Email: yahya-sharif@hotmail.com

Explaining gases and liquids according to my new theory of everything, my theory of everything part three link : http://vixra.org/abs/1806.0157
Category: Classical Physics

[1291] viXra:1806.0165 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-12 18:28:14

The Physical Cause of Gravitation

Authors: Glenn Borchardt
Comments: 5 Pages.

The physical cause of gravitation is simple: the collision of one thing with another. Here I propose that the unseen particles involved in these collisions provide the acceleration that drives gravitation. We do not know exactly what these particles are, but it is clear they must be decelerated in the process. Here I assume they are “aether” particles, as distinguished from the anathematic fixed “ether” particles nullified by the famous Michelson-Morley experiment. Having been decelerated, aether particles become lethargic, tending to hang around whatever baryonic matter was involved in the collision. Like the nitrogen in Earth’s atmosphere, these aether particles are entrained, attached to Earth as a far-reaching “dark matter” halo. They provide the physical reason for interpretations of gravity calling for “curved space.” At low altitudes this entrained “aetherosphere” allows little of the “ether wind” that Michelson and Morley tried to measure. The upshot: proximal aether is less active (lower pressure) than distal aether (higher pressure). Things in the vicinity of massive objects receive stronger impacts from the distal side of the halo than from the proximal side. This Aether Deceleration Theory is supported by much of the data generally considered as confirmation of General Relativity Theory.
Category: Classical Physics

[1290] viXra:1806.0164 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-12 18:42:24

Definition in a Little Strict Time

Authors: Junnichi Fujii
Comments: 2 Pages.

Theoretical ambiguousness is left about the unit of over 7 base units of the system international d'unites and time. Equally, ambiguousness is also left Planck time in Planck unit course. What is time after all for the most important problem? What is meant with time? The point which isn't defined sufficiently about these. So time is defined using a boson and verifies how the definition functions. Physics of existence such as N dynamics and a general relativities doesn't turn big by this. But, more specifically of the behavior when using this definition, which limits the degree of freedom of time, and is time, it can be understood, seem for come. The phenomenon which comes to have the short life of an independent neutron extremely can also be explained naturally.
Category: Classical Physics

[1289] viXra:1806.0157 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-11 05:47:31

Theory of Everything Part Three on Geiger-Marsden Experiment

Authors: Yahya Awad Sharif Mohammed
Comments: 2 Pages. Author's Email: yahya-sharif@hotmail.com , my theory of everything link : http://vixra.org/abs/1806.0055

Invalidating Geiger-marsden experiment according to my new theory of everything, my theory of everything link : http://vixra.org/abs/1806.0055
Category: Classical Physics

[1288] viXra:1806.0147 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-12 01:32:00

Estimated Asteroide Masses Frequently Are Wrong

Authors: Edgars Alksnis
Comments: 4 Pages.

Shortcomings of determination of asteroide masses are highlighted. Some help here could come from vortical celestial mechanics.
Category: Classical Physics

[1287] viXra:1806.0146 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-12 02:42:26

Solution of the Problem of Wave-Particle Duality\\\Решение проблемы корпускулярно-волнового дуализма

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 9 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov <©> Solution of the Problem of Wave-Particle Duality, June 12, 2018

The author put forward the model of an elementary particle, as pulsating material flesh. This model proved to be very productive. On its basis, it is perfectly justified and easily explained, for example, such a principle known in physics, as the wave-particle duality of elementary particles. In the pulsating nature of the behavior of the elementary particle is the cause of the particle-wave duality of elementary particles. Great! +++++++++++++++++++ Автором выдвинута модель элементарной частицы, как пульсирующей материальной плоти. Эта модель оказалась очень продуктивной. На её основе прекрасно обосновывается и легко объясняется, например, такой известный в физике принцип, как корпускулярно волновой дуализм ЭЧ. В пульсирующем характере поведения ЭЧ состоит причина корпускулярно-волнового дуализма элементарных частиц. Замечательно!
Category: Classical Physics

[1286] viXra:1806.0128 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-11 05:02:48

Absorption of Spin by a Conducting Medium

Authors: Radi I. Khrapko
Comments: 6 Pages. Free access at AASCIT Journal of Physics. Vol. 4, No. 2, 2018, pp. 59

Two current concepts of the electrodynamics spin are considered in comparison. Then the original concept, going back to Poynting, was used to demonstrate the transfer of energy and spin from a plane circularly polarized electromagnetic wave into a conducting medium. A spin tensor is used. The given calculations show that spin is the same natural property of a plane electromagnetic wave, as energy and momentum. The expression for the torque density acting on a conducting medium is given. This expression is an analogy of the Lorentz force density.
Category: Classical Physics

[1285] viXra:1806.0102 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-09 04:26:39

Is the Earth an Inertial System?

Authors: Sjaak Uitterdijk
Comments: 1 Page. The reader is cordially invited to comment on this paper.

The earth rotates almost exactly along a circle around the sun, notwithstanding the fact that the sun lies significantly outside the centre of this circle. Assuming a perfect circle, the question is whether the earth in such a situation is an inertial system or not.
Category: Classical Physics

[1284] viXra:1806.0086 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-07 12:40:31

A Universal Language of Science

Authors: Frank H. Makinson
Comments: 2 Pages.

A specific spoken and written language can be used to describe a physical law but to another culture with a completely different spoken and written form the information contained therein is incomprehensible. There is a method to convey certain types of scientific information by using just dimensions and once the meaning of one key dimension is determined it is possible to extract the information content of other dimensions without ever having to know the authors spoken and written language.
Category: Classical Physics

[1283] viXra:1806.0055 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-05 14:34:07

Theory Of Everything part two

Authors: Yahya Awad Sharif Mohammed
Comments: 2 Pages. Author's Email: yahya-sharif@hotmail.com

Explaining briefly the theory of everything as well as some explanations of physics , mechanics of material and chemistry phenomena
Category: Classical Physics

[1282] viXra:1806.0037 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-04 13:41:34

Theory Of Everything

Authors: Yahya Awad Sharif Mohammed
Comments: 2 Pages. Author's Email: yahya-sharif@hotmail.com

Explaining briefly the theory of everything as well as some explanations of physics mechanics of material and chemistry phenomena
Category: Classical Physics

[1281] viXra:1806.0029 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-03 08:50:41

About the Second Postulate of STR (English Version)

Authors: V.A. Kasimov
Comments: 2 Pages. English

Probably, orthodox physicists will consider the question indecent: Is the second postulate necessary for the construction of a Special theory of Relativity? Nevertheless, this issue was raised and considered by at least two independent authors [1, 2]. This topic is proposed for discussion.
Category: Classical Physics

[1280] viXra:1805.0482 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-27 18:02:13

Letter to the Nobel Committee on Physics

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 13 Pages. Robert Yusupov © Letter to Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences19 May 2018

Letter to the Nobel Committee on Physics Present letter with the attached article was sent on May 19, 2018 to the Nobel Committee on Physics at{1] (kristina.wolff@nobel.kva.se). The address was listed on the website[2] (https://www.kva.se/en/om-oss/ledamoter/kristina-wolff). On this website, Mrs. Wolfe is positioned as follows: Kristina Wolff Member of Nobel Committee for Physics Class for physics Position Administrator, Nobel Committee for Physics Organisation Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
Category: Classical Physics

[1279] viXra:1805.0468 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-26 21:01:21

Magnetostatics Relation to Gravity with Experiment that Rejects Biot-Savart Law

Authors: John Hodge
Comments: 8 Pages.

Relating the concept of gravity to electromagnetics has been a goal of physics. The Scalar Theory of Everything (STOE) posits the components of the universe emerge to cause gravity and electromagnetic effects. The STOE is reviewed to show the gravity action and is extended to model magnetic effects. A fundamental change in the model of the action of magnetism is suggested. An experiment rejects the traditional magnetostatics Biot-Savart Law and does not reject the STOE.
Category: Classical Physics

[1278] viXra:1805.0464 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-25 05:39:21

Solar Still - Improved Distillation

Authors: Herbert Weidner
Comments: 5 Pages.

An analysis of the steam cycle in an humidification-dehumidification desalination system shows that reheating of the air can drastically improve the steam absorption in the humidifier. This multiplies the production of potable water and makes the apparatus required for a multi-stage system superfluous.
Category: Classical Physics

[1277] viXra:1805.0454 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-25 15:24:03

On the Idealism of Igor Stark \\\\\\ Об идеализме Игоря Старка

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 14 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov <©> On the Idealism of Igor Stark May 26, 2018

Настоящая статья посвящена разбору некоторых сообщений Игоря Старка, в которых он представляет свою физику («фарадеевского толка»). Эти сообщения являются прекрасной иллюстрацией того, что физика И. Старка по существу является идеалистической физикой. А любая идеалистическая физика является ложной, несостоятельной, не научной теорией. --------------- Present article is devoted to the analysis of some of the posts of Igor Stark, in which he presents his physics ("Faraday's style"). These posts are an excellent illustration of the fact that the physics of I. Stark is in essence an idealistic physics. And any idealistic physics is a false, untenable, not a scientific theory.
Category: Classical Physics

[1276] viXra:1805.0451 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-26 04:54:06

Measurement Uncertainty in Network Analyzers: Differential Error DE Analysis of Error Models Part 5: Step-by-Step Graphical Construction of Complex DE Regions and Real DE Intervals

Authors: N.I. Yannopoulou, P.E. Zimourtopoulos
Comments: 19 Pages. FunkTechnikPlus # Journal, Issue 16 - Thursday 31 May 2018 - Year 5, CC-BY 4.0, pp v1-7--v1-25

This paper demonstrates the way of how the value of any quantity used in Microwaves and RF and defined, either directly or indirectly, by one ore more complex differentiable functions of one or more Vector Network Analyzer VNA measurements, is affected by its ubiquitous Differential Errors DEs, when these DEs are expressed in terms of the manufacturers' data for both the unavoidable uncertainties of the calibration standards and the inescapable inaccuracies of the VNA indications. This is illustrated by a step-by-step graphical construction of the complex DE Regions DERs and their real rectangular and polar DE Intervals DEIs, which the authors introduced and used in all previous parts of this series. As it is geometrically shown, in order to build the composite figure of any complex DER and then of its DEIs only three basic types of simple figures are needed. These figures result by using combinations of appropriate complex transformations, which are well-known from Complex Analysis, that is: translation, scaling (stretching or shrinking), and rotation. A number of selected applications are presented and some useful, general conclusions are drawn.
Category: Classical Physics

[1275] viXra:1805.0432 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-23 16:16:03

My Understanding of Physics\\\\\Моё понимание физики

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 8 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov <©> My Undestanding of Physics May 24, 2018

In present article, my (author's) understanding of the subject and the foundations of physics is given. Physics is a theory that studies nature. The theory may be true, or it may be false. Categories truth and falsehood reflect the fact of the correspondence or inconsistency of the theory to nature itself. The verification of the correspondence or inconsistency of the theory, its positions and conclusions to nature is carried out through practice, through experiment. Modern physics is not science. The main argument of this statement is the fact (which is verified practically) that the matter of nature is not reflected in modern physics in an adequate quality, that is, as the base physical quantity. +++++++++++++++++++++ В настоящей статье приводится моё (авторское) понимание предмета и основ физики. Физика – это теория, изучающая природу. Теория может быть истинной, а может быть ложной. Категории истина и ложь отражают факт соответствия или несоответствия теории самой природе. Проверка соответствия или несоответствия теории, её положений и выводов природе осуществляется через практику, через опыт, через эксперимент. Современная физика наукой не является. Основным доводом этого утверждения является тот факт, который проверяется практически, что материя природы не отражена в современной физике в адекватном качестве, то есть в качестве основной физической величины.
Category: Classical Physics

[1274] viXra:1805.0425 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-24 00:26:01

On Tensors and Equations of the Electromagnetic Field

Authors: Yuriy A. Spirichev
Comments: 10 Pages.

It is shown that the electromagnetic field is completely described by an asymmetric tensor of the second rank, which is a four-dimensional derivative of the electromagnetic potentialThis tensor can be decomposed into the canonical antisymmetric and the new symmetric EMF tensor. From this tensor, in the form of its complete divergence, the EMF equations follow. One of them is an electromagnetic analog of the Lame equation for an elastic medium. It is shown that the longitudinal waves of the divergence of the vector potential propagate at a speed greater than the speed of light and do not have a magnetic component.
Category: Classical Physics

[1273] viXra:1805.0410 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-21 06:41:21

The Unique Constant of Nature

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 18 Pages. Robert Yusupov © The Unique Constant of Nature May 21, 2018

In this article, the author shows that the basis of the universe is one constant dimensionless quantity. Everything in nature is connected with this constant. The author proposes a materialistic YRA - a model of the universe, the foundations of nature, the structure and algorithm of the evolution of the Universe. In the foundations of nature there is only one this constant. And the diversity of the foundations of nature is linked together by this one-of-a-kind nature constant. This is a unique constant of nature, the Universe. We can say that this is the magic constant of the Universe. But do not fall into mysticism, believe in magic, indulge in exoteric or esotericism and preach idealism. The origin and magnitude of this constant find their simple and natural explanation in material nature.
Category: Classical Physics

[1272] viXra:1805.0400 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-21 16:22:23

Proposed Experiment for Finite Energy in Gravity and Electromagnetism Finite Cycle Through Heat

Authors: Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed
Comments: 1 Page.

this paper is an attempt to find whether or not there is nothing but gravity heat motion and electromagnetism
Category: Classical Physics

[1271] viXra:1805.0374 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-20 09:50:22

A Brief History of Gravity from Newton to the Present

Authors: Jose P. Koshy
Comments: 4 Pages. Essay written for the Gravity Research Foundation (20-3-2018 )

We live in a 'physical universe' where bodies follow mathematical laws, and not in a 'mathematical universe'. So the concepts in physics should be inferred from observations, not from equations. Equations come only when we quantify things to verify the concepts. Newtonian gravity, though it contains some gaps, require only 'physical' bodies to explain gravity. But General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics require mathematical-artifacts inferred from equations (like 'spacetime' and 'virtual particles') to explain gravity. This seems unscientific; so let us go back to Newtonian concepts. The following assumptions can fill the gaps in Newtonian concepts, and give a clear and complete picture of gravity: (i). Motion is a fundamental property of bodies (ii). Gravity is reaction to motion
Category: Classical Physics

[1270] viXra:1805.0368 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-21 01:51:45

Does Matter Attract or Repel Antimatter?

Authors: Vaggelis Talios
Comments: 10 Pages.

It is quite clear that the heteronymous charged particles and charged material bodies are attracted to each other and the homonymous charged are repelled. So the positively charged protons repel the other protons, while the negatively charged electrons are also repelled between each other. However, pro-tons and electrons, because they have heteronymous charges are attracted. The same happens to the positively or negatively charged material bodies. Something similar is also happened with the charged particles and bodies of the antimatter. But when we have neutral particles, such as neutrons and atoms, or uncharged bodies of matter or antimatter, this state is reversed by neutrons to attract the other neutrons, –strong nuclear force–, atoms to attract other atoms, and the material bodies to be attract-ed between them, –gravitation–. The above properties of the charged particles and bodies and the reversal of these properties to neutral particles and uncharged bodies lead us to a new rule that “neutral particles and uncharged bodies of matter are attracted to one another but they are repelled by neutral particles and uncharged bodies of antimatter”.
Category: Classical Physics

[1269] viXra:1805.0361 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-19 15:56:37

A Corrected Reanalysis of the Two Swimmers Problem, as Frequent Model of Michelson’s Interferometric Experiment.

Authors: Ioan Has, Simona Miclaus, Aurelian Has
Comments: 14 Pages. Utilized our previous works are cited and commented. Utilized other works are cited and quoted then commented

The article initially reviews various works describing the physical model (PM) of Michelson’s interferometric experiment (ME) represented by the race between two swimmers Sw1, Sw2 (or boats, or planes, or sound signals etc.). The two swimmers must each swim the same distance, but Sw1 will go downstream the river flow, and Sw2 will go perpendicularly to this direction. In all such works, it is considered that Sw2’s path will require less time and that it will reach the first the start point. However, it is found that, in order to make this possible, Sw2 must not observe the orthogonality rule of his start direction, an action which is actually a deceit of the arbiters, and, hence, this will be a non-fair-play action towards Sw1. The article proves by calculus that if the fair-play rules are observed, then the correct crosswise path is a right triangle instead of isosceles triangle considered by Michelson. And as consequence the two times shall be perfectly equal and the race ends in a tie, and the Sw2 myth of race winner shall be dashed to the ground. Note that the same result shall also be applicable to Michelson’s interferometric experiment (ME) as well as to any similar experiment. As consequence, utilising the isosceles triangle for transversal path in PM and also in ME is an error.
Category: Classical Physics

[1268] viXra:1805.0360 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-19 16:21:06

Analysis of Electric Dipoles Interaction Forces as a Function of the Distance and of the Form of Electrical Force Law.

Authors: Ioan Has, Simona Miclaus, Aurelian Has
Comments: 10 Pages. Our previous works and other works utilized are cited and commented.

Here, we initially introduced and demonstrated two principles: orientation OR principle and attraction AT principle of electrical dipoles. The OR principle stipulates that any two electrical dipoles P1A, P1B, from two bodies A and B, at any distance in the free state each, will be reciprocally oriented parallel and in the same sense if the electrical interaction forces F between them are of decreasing type with distance. If the electrical interaction forces F are of increasing type with distance, the two dipoles will be reciprocally oriented parallel but on the opposite sense. The AT principle stipulate that any two electrical dipoles P1A, P1B, at any distance in the free state each, will present always a reciprocal force of attraction FD in both cases of orientation accordingly to OR principle in case of any type of electrical force F decreasing or increasing with distance. These findings may complete our previous work [10] where we found that FD force, between two electrical dipoles P1A, P1B considered at atomic and nuclear level, is in fact the actual gravitation Newton force FN. The paper [10] must be considered together with this work for more consistencies
Category: Classical Physics

[1267] viXra:1805.0358 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-19 17:09:07

An Alternative Approach to the Calculation of Mechanical Torque, Developed by the Localized Spinning Electromagnetic Field – the Field Gyroscope.

Authors: Mark Krinker
Comments: 7 Pages.

The paper considers an alternative approach (when compared to the previous author's approach) on calculating the torque, developed by a localized spinning electric field. The displacement current, developed by the spinning vector, is shown as a cross product of the angular velocity and the spinning field. Analysis of the developed force is based on the Poynting vector, crossing the involved area A. The final result looks strange, but can be explained basing on the dominating role of the rotation process.
Category: Classical Physics

[1266] viXra:1805.0349 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-19 08:23:36

A Concentric Solar Still - Details

Authors: Herbert Weidner
Comments: 5 Pages.

The yield of potable water in a still can be increased when the saturated steam layer over all surfaces is blown away. In a concentric distiller, this task may be achieved by natural convection without any external energy. The necessary temperature difference is generated by optimized components, which are separated from the distiller (boiler).
Category: Classical Physics

[1265] viXra:1805.0343 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-18 09:49:00

Li\'{e}nard's Generalisation: a Direct Derivation

Authors: Anindya Kumar Biswas
Comments: 5 Pages.

In this pedagogical article, we elucidate on direct derivation of total power emitted by an accelerating charged particle, known as Li\'{e}nard's generalisation.
Category: Classical Physics

[1264] viXra:1805.0326 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-17 16:02:19

The Unique Constant of Nature \\\\\\ Уникальная константа природы

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 17 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov <©> The Unique Constant of Nature May 18, 2018

In this article, the author shows that the basis of the universe is one dimensionless constant. Everything in nature is connected with this constant. The author proposes a materialistic YRA-model of the universe, the foundations of nature, the structure and algorithm of the evolution of the Universe. In the foundations of nature there is only one this constant. And the diversity of the foundations of nature is linked together by this one-of-a-kind nature constant. This is a unique constant of nature, the Universe. We can say that this is the magic constant of the Universe. But do not fall into mysticism and believe in magic. The origin and magnitude of this constant find their simple and natural explanation in material nature. +++++++++++++++++++++++ В настоящей статье автор показывает, что в основе мироздания лежит одна постоянная безразмерностная величина. Всё в природе связано с этой константой. Автором предложена материалистическая YRA-модель мироздания, основ природы, структуры и алгоритма эволюции Вселенной. В основах природы лежит только одна эта константа. И всё многообразие основ природы связано воедино этой единственной в своём роде константой природы. Это уникальная константа природы, Вселенной. Можно сказать, что это магическая константа Вселенной. Но не стоит впадать в мистику и верить в магию. Происхождение и величина этой константы находят своё простое и естественное объяснение в материальной природе.
Category: Classical Physics

[1263] viXra:1805.0322 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-16 06:51:23

Illusion Of Light

Authors: Cres Huang
Comments: 22 Pages.

Besides energy, light presents us fastest and most details of the universe. It made us obsessively visual. It controls our understanding as well as misunderstanding of the universe. We, too, are creatures of motion. Speed is our obsession too. Light and it's speed might seem magical to us. However, what we see is only broadcasting of physical reality in the form of radiations delivered to us in high speed. We only see the visible part of radiations that stands out from the background and perceive it as information. It does not mean background contains less significant information than foreground revealed by light. Additionally, speed of light is no more important than other speed. Say, slow gentle motion can be more beneficial for building structures. To me, light and it's speed do not have any power to alter the fundamentals of the universe. To the contrary, it is the universe in charge of light and speed. No matter how fast the light, space does not allow it to go to next location instantly. The question is, can we be fooled by information in the form of light delivered at light speed, or by our obsession?
Category: Classical Physics

[1262] viXra:1805.0319 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-16 08:59:23

Recent Experiments Have Found that Magnetic Fields Can Also Attract Shredded Paper

Authors: Wei Fan
Comments: 2 Pages.

We have always believed that only charge can attract light and small objects. In recent experiments, however, I discovered that permanent magnets and electromagnets can attract light and small objects without charge. This can lead us to rethink the phenomenon of frictional electrification.
Category: Classical Physics

[1261] viXra:1805.0318 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-16 09:00:41

New Discovery of Current, Magnetic Field and Electromagnetic Radiation in Electrostatic Phenomenon

Authors: Wei Fan
Comments: 2 Pages.

We have always believed that stationary charges generate an electrostatic field. A moving charge generates a current and a magnetic field. A changing magnetic field produces electromagnetic radiation. Frictional electrification is the generation of electrostatic charge and an electrostatic field through friction. The charge does not move. It has no current, magnetic field and Electromagnetic radiation. However, in the latest experiments we found that a rubbed rule can cause small magnetic needle deflection and electromagnetic radiation. This shows that the rubbed ruler can produce current, magnetic field and electromagnetic radiation. This can lead us to rethink traditional electrostatics.
Category: Classical Physics

[1260] viXra:1805.0294 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-14 22:37:03

List of Solved Problems of Physics

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 24 Pages. Robert Yusupov © List of Solved Problems of Physics May 15, 2018

This article presents a list of the problems solved within the framework of the “Theory of Nature” by author. “Theory of Nature” is the materialistic physics and cosmology. These are problems of fundamentals of the physics and cosmology. These are problems of fundamentals of the universe, nature and the Universe. These are problems of fundamentals of the dialectical materialism. These are problems of the matter and mass, the elementary charge, the natural units, the fine structure constant, the structure and the evolution of the Universe. These are problems of the insufficiency and discreteness of nature (the Universe).
Category: Classical Physics

[1259] viXra:1805.0283 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-15 05:39:02

Axiomatic Theory of Physics \\\\\ Аксиоматическое построение физики

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 17 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov <©> Axiomatic Theory of Physics 06.06.2015

In this paper, the author considers the approach and the justification in the axiomatic construction of the theory of physics and cosmology. Both of these disciplines and sciences are closely related and therefore are considered together. This approach is based on the dialectical materialist understanding of nature, which arms the scientific theory of dialectical materialism to any researcher of nature. According to the views of the dialectical materialism, the basis of nature is moving matter. Matter and motion are inseparable. Matter is an objective reality existing outside and independent of our consciousness. The author made a step from the abstract definition of matter in the theory of the dialectical materialism to the concrete manifestation of matter in nature. Matter is a unique substance of nature. +++++++++++++++++++++++++ В настоящей статье автором рассматривается подход и обоснование в аксиоматическом построении теории физики и космологии. Обе эти дисциплины, науки тесно связаны между собой и поэтому рассматриваются совместно. В основе такого подхода лежит диалектико-материалистический понимание природы, которым вооружает любого исследователя природы научная теория диалектического материализма. Согласно воззрениям диамата в основе природы лежит движущаяся материя. Материя и движение неразрывны. Материя – это объективная реальность, существующая вне и независимо от нашего сознания. Автором сделан шаг от абстрактного определения материи в теории диамата к конкретному проявлению материи в природе. Материя – это уникальная субстанция природы.
Category: Classical Physics

[1258] viXra:1805.0225 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-12 03:49:13

Список решённых проблем\ \\\\ List of Solved Problems

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 12 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov <©> List of Solved Problems May 12, 2018

В настоящей статье представлен список проблем, решённых в рамках «Теории Природы» автора. ================= This article presents a list of problems solved within the framework of Theory of Nature by the author.
Category: Classical Physics

[1257] viXra:1805.0220 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-10 20:02:55

The Law of Nature or Chance \\\\\ Закономерность или случайность

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 3 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov <©> Закономерность или случайность 11.05.2018

В настоящей статье определяется расстояние между соседними атомами идеального газа. Оказывается, что числовое значение обратной величины этого расстояния приблизительно равно числовому значению скорости света в вакууме 299 792 458. ------------------------- In this paper, the distance between neighboring atoms of an ideal gas is calculated. It turns out that the numerical value of the inverse of this distance is approximately equal to the numerical value of the speed of light in a vacuum 299 792 458.
Category: Classical Physics

[1256] viXra:1805.0219 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-10 20:04:55

The Law of Nature or Chance

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 3 Pages. Robert Yusupov © The Law of Nature or Chance May 11, 2018

In this paper, the distance between neighboring atoms of an ideal gas is calculated. It turns out that the numerical value of the inverse of this distance is approximately equal to the numerical value of the speed of light in a vacuum 299 792 458.
Category: Classical Physics

[1255] viXra:1805.0213 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-10 04:15:10

Principle of Independently Established Co-Determinism: Parsimony & Physical Law in Nature; Ubiquitiousness and Quintescence

Authors: Paris Samuel Miles-Brenden
Comments: 112 Pages. In difference of a mean; the measure of 'what;' is in what of one part the 'if' as to an any either it's included of 'the' to what in exclusive difference is the summed; relates.

To a mind the one known consideration of yet to be found in life as from afar is love; as from yet in the eye of the witness of the bearer of a message; the trust of one in an other is a given alone; one; when two so as whom agree that what in this is a departure is it's considerateness in word's as one; expressed as from an other to their's of whom so expressly and articulately share a human relation find in the other of life what so in their's is a heart in each beat so shared as in one togetherness we find what an other is attractive to the mind; of what in the heart is the secret to a loving choice.
Category: Classical Physics

[1254] viXra:1805.0151 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-07 04:25:45

Spatial Dimensions

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 7pages, 3 figures

Here is analyzed the dimensionality of our universe on the basis of multi space conception. The new space conception proposes that space is the manifestation of a force field. Space does not exist independently from a force field. Hence each forcefield has its own eigenspace with different dimensionality.
Category: Classical Physics

[1253] viXra:1805.0140 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-07 20:24:39

Letter to Physicist

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 11 Pages. Robert Yusupov © Letter to Physicist 8 May 2018

In this article I present a letter addressed to all physicists. The author refers to all physicists. The author provides them with a solution to the problem of natural units of mass, length and time. This problem was dealt with by many physicists of the past. This problem stirs the minds and consciousness of modern researchers of nature, natural scientists and physicists. I believe that my solution to the problem of natural units of mass, length and time is correct and the only correct, accurate and absolutely true, complete and final. As a dialectical materialist, I am firmly convinced of the correctness and truth of my "Theory of Nature". I present it to your court, dear readers.
Category: Classical Physics

[1252] viXra:1805.0139 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-07 22:36:01

Letter to Physicist\\\\\Письио физику

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 11 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov <©> Letter to Physicist 8 May 2018

В настоящей статье представлено письмо адресованное физикам. Автор обращается ко всем физикам. Автор предоставляет им на суд своё решение проблемы натуральных единиц массы, длины и времени. Этой проблемой занимались многие физики прошлого. Эта проблема будоражит умы и сознание современных исследователей природы, естествоиспытателей и физиков. Считаю, что моё решение проблемы натуральных единиц массы, длины и времени является единственно правильным и верным, аккуратным и абсолютно истинным, полным и окончательным. Я как диалектический материалист, твёрдо уверен в правоте и истинности своей «Теории Природы». Выставляю её на ваш суд, уважаемые читатели.
Category: Classical Physics

[1251] viXra:1805.0135 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-06 04:57:11

Professor Gian-Luca Oppo -ats- Mr. Ivor Catt: A Case Study in Electromagnetic Theory

Authors: Stephen J. Crothers
Comments: 12 Pages.

Digital electronic systems involve voltage pulses along USB cables. These pulses are more often than not, not periodic, and behave in a fashion that does not appear to accord with Maxwell's theory of electromagnetism. Digital electronics, with its nanosecond switching, did not exist in Maxwell's time, so related phenomena were not available to Maxwell and his contemporaries. Electrical engineer Ivor Catt is a pioneer in the development of digital electronic hardware. His work over several decades in industry has revealed issues with classical electromagnetic theory. Theoretical physicists are yet to acknowledge their theoretical shortcomings. Professor Gian-Luca Oppo, a theoretical physicist at the University of Strathclyde in Scotland, represented classical electromagnetic theory in contrast to the evidence and arguments presented by Mr. Catt from real world digital hardware engineering. Catt's findings are however quite compelling.
Category: Classical Physics

[1250] viXra:1805.0121 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-06 01:12:14

Principle of Independently Established Co-Determinism; (2.0) Parsimony & Physical Law in Nature

Authors: Paris Samuel Miles-Brenden
Comments: 112 Pages. Equivalence in two; is the consideration of what in numberless infinitives differently knowable extremes is it's minimization independently inclusive to consideration conclusive of a given.

As any true principle of science is established by it's only one priorly known given, as derived factual meaning is only as of what in any yet established relation is a conclusion to a then hypothetical foundation of fact, a factually considered conclusion; as meaning only derives from it's priorly one given known; that of any true principle is only exclusively it's one then given to that of what in one is the understood of all and a one as in a prior relation then reconsidered; a known relation is two; to that of each.
Category: Classical Physics

[1249] viXra:1805.0059 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-03 07:41:11

In Defence of Classical Physics

Authors: John Raymond
Comments: 6 Pages.

Abstract Classical physics seeks to find the laws of nature. I am of the opinion that classical Newtonian physics is “real” physics. This is in the sense that it relates to mechanical physics. I suggest that if physics is ever to succeed in determining a theory of everything it needs to introduce a more satisfactory invariant medium in order to do this. This is describing the laws of nature and retain the elementary foundational conditions of universal symmetry. conceptscience@bigpond.com
Category: Classical Physics

[1248] viXra:1805.0048 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-01 09:24:20

Introducing Light Force

Authors: Dmitri Martila
Comments: 7 Pages.

Why Earth momentum keeps same angle to the orbit, but moment of momentum changes its angle to the orbit (and to the momentum)? Both momentums behave like vectors (if no reflections) in an inertial coordinate system.
Category: Classical Physics

[1247] viXra:1805.0046 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-01 12:14:52

Generation of Endfire Radiations out of an Spoof-surface Plasmon Polariton E-plane Transmission Line

Authors: Louis WY LIU
Comments: 12 Pages. 2018 IEEE INDIAN CONFERENCE ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION (InCAP)

This presentation is related to an E-plane endfire antenna capable of generating an endfire electromagnetic radiation out of a spoof surface plasmon polariton (SSPP) with substantially enhanced gain. The core of the said antenna is a printed circuit vertically mounted in the center E-plane of a rectangular waveguide. The printed circuit is continuous metal pattern comprising three sections: a tapered section serving as a waveguide-to-SSPP transition, a corrugated transmission media for propagation of an SSPP and another tapered section for impedance matching between the corrugated transmission line and free space. The antenna accepts electromagnetic energy through the waveguide-to-SSPP transition in the input end of a waveguide, propagates the electromagnetic energy in the form of surface waves along the corrugated edge of the E-plane transmission line over 1-quarter or 3-quarter wavelengths and generates an endfire radiation through the SSPP-to-free-space transition in the other end of the same. The said antenna generates a near endfire radiation beam with a substantially enhanced gain, wherein the gain of the endfire radiation can be maximized by maintaining the slot depth to half of the waveguide height.
Category: Classical Physics

[1246] viXra:1805.0045 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-01 12:22:45

Generation of Frequency Steerable Endfire Radiations out of an Spoof-surface Plasmon Polariton E-plane Transmission Line

Authors: Louis WY LIU
Comments: 11 Pages. 2018 IEEE INDIAN CONFERENCE ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION (InCAP)

This paper presents an antenna that generates a frequency steerable endfire electromagnetic radiation out of a spoof surface plasmon polariton (SSPP) transmission line mounted in the center E-plane of a rectangular waveguide. The SSPP transmission has both its upper edge and lower edge patterned with corrugated metal slot/gap arrays of the same period. However, the slot depth on the corrugated pattern along the upper edge is different from the slot depth on the corrugated pattern along the lower edge. This arrangement creates a difference in surface impedance between the upper corrugated edge and the low corrugated edge on the SSPP transmission line, thus allowing the angle of the endfire radiation to be shifted upwards and downwards. According to our simulation, the angle of endfire radiation can be shifted by at least 10 degree simply by varying the operating frequencies.
Category: Classical Physics

[1245] viXra:1804.0483 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-30 00:25:45

Law of the Existence of Elementary Particles\\\\\Закон существования элементарных частиц

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 15 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov <©> Law of the Existence of Elementary Particles 30 APR 2018

In this article, which is an integral part of the "Theory of Nature", the author gives an explanation of one of the most important laws of nature - the law of the existence of elementary particles (EP). Elementary particles are neutrons, protons, electrons, photons, etc. These are elementary and minimal material formations in nature. These are well-known facts. The author believes that each EP consists of one and the same minimum in nature amount of matter. This fact should be adequately reflected in physics: matter must be introduced into the bosom of physics as the main physical quantity. The author believes that all elementary particles have the shape of balls and, therefore, have their own diameter and have their own mass. The law of the existence of EP states that the product of the mass of EP by its diameter is a constant value equal to the minimum amount of matter in nature. +++++++++++++++++++++++ В настоящей статье, являющейся неотъемлемой частью «Теории Природы», автор даёт разъяснение одного важнейшего закона природы – закона существования элементарных частиц (ЭЧ). Элементарными частицами считаются нейтроны, протоны, электроны, фотоны и др. Это элементарные и минимальные материальные образования в природе. Это общеизвестные факты. Автор считает, что каждая ЭЧ состоит из одного и того же минимального в природе количества материи. Этот факт должен быть адекватно отражён в физике: материя должна быть введена в лоно физики в качестве основной физической величины. Автор считает, что все элементарные частицы имеют форму шариков и, значит, имеют свой собственный диаметр и имеют свою собственную массу. Закон существования ЭЧ гласит: произведение массы ЭЧ на её диаметр есть величина постоянная, равная минимальному количеству материи в природе.
Category: Classical Physics

[1244] viXra:1804.0482 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-30 06:00:38

A Method of Real Time Quantitative Supply of Cosmetic Raw Materials Using Weight Sensor

Authors: Kwang Bok Han, Kwang Ho Ri, Chen Il Jo, Yu Chol Kim, Pong Ryol Jang
Comments: 4 Pages.

In this paper, we have discussed a method of real time quantitative supply of cosmetic raw materials using weight sensor. In addition, the technical characteristics of the system were clarified and introduced to the production process, contributing to the automation of cosmetic compounding process. We have tested the measuring and supply about 6 liquid materials (water, glycerin, propylene, milistynic acid, squalene, liquid paraffin) with this device. According to the measuring results, we have verified supply error is below 0.5% on the average.
Category: Classical Physics

[1243] viXra:1804.0469 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-28 20:02:56

Solving the Problem of Natural Units \\\ Решение проблемы натуральных единиц

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 8 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov © Solving the Problem of Natural Units 29/04/2018

The present article raises the question of the existence in nature of natural units of mass, length and time, and proposes its solution. In the past, many physicists have addressed the problem of finding natural units. His solution to this question was provided by Irish physicist G. J. Stoney and German physicist M. Planck. The author of this article provides his own solution to this problem. The author believes that his solution of the problem of natural units is complete and final and removes this question from the agenda. +++++++++++++++++++++ В настоящей статье ставится вопрос о существовании в природе натуральных единиц массы, длины и времени и предлагается его решение. К вопросу отыскания натуральных единиц в прошлом обращались многие физики. Своё решение этого вопроса предоставили ирландский физик Дж. Стони и немецкий физик М. Планк. Автор настоящей статьи предоставляет своё собственное решение этой проблемы. Автор считает, что его решение проблемы натуральных единиц является полным и окончательным и снимает этот вопрос с повестки дня.
Category: Classical Physics

Replacements of recent Submissions

[519] viXra:1809.0154 [pdf] replaced on 2018-09-10 17:07:47

What is Mass?

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 1 Page.

mass from an unconventional but coherent view
Category: Classical Physics

[518] viXra:1807.0188 [pdf] replaced on 2018-07-16 02:43:58

EUV Transmission Lens Design and Manufacturing Method

Authors: Kenneth C. Johnson
Comments: 9 Pages. v2: Revised discussion of manufacturing method.

This paper outlines a design for an EUV transmission lens comprising blazed, phase-Fresnel structures approximated by a stepped profile. The structures can be formed on both sides of a thin silicon substrate, providing many more phase levels than would be possible with one-sided lenses. An e-beam fabrication technique with nanometer-scale patterning accuracy is outlined.
Category: Classical Physics

[517] viXra:1806.0251 [pdf] replaced on 2018-06-20 17:48:04

A Topological Model of Particle Physics

Authors: Vincenzo Nardozza
Comments: 10 Pages.

A mathematical model for interpreting Newtonian gravity by means of elastic deformation of space is given. Based on this model, a possible theory of particle physics, interpreting particles as compact manifold attached to space by means of a connected sum is given. Although the analogy between elasticity and gravity is based on a mathematical fact, the rest of the theory is based on little mathematical ground and, although we think it may be worth of further investigations, it should not be taken too seriously.
Category: Classical Physics

[516] viXra:1805.0464 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-29 11:56:25

Solar Still - Improved Distillation

Authors: Herbert Weidner
Comments: 7 Pages.

An analysis of the steam cycle in an humidification-dehumidification desalination system shows that the yield of potable water increases when the steam is transported by dry and preheated air. The system can distill 86% of the theoretically possible maximum amount.
Category: Classical Physics

[515] viXra:1805.0425 [pdf] replaced on 2018-06-08 13:08:57

On Tensors and Equations of the Electromagnetic Field

Authors: Yuriy A. Spirichev
Comments: 10 Pages.

It is shown that the electromagnetic field is completely described by an asymmetric tensor of the second rank, which is a four-dimensional derivative of the electromagnetic potential. This tensor can be decomposed into the canonical antisymmetric and the new symmetric EMF tensor. From this tensor, in the form of its complete divergence, the EMF equations follow. One of them is an electromagnetic analog of the Lame equation for an elastic medium. It is shown that the longitudinal waves of the divergence of the vector potential propagate at a speed greater than the speed of light and do not have a magnetic component.
Category: Classical Physics

[514] viXra:1805.0425 [pdf] replaced on 2018-06-06 00:25:23

On Tensors and Equations of the Electromagnetic Field

Authors: Yuriy A. Spirichev
Comments: 11 Pages.

It is shown that the electromagnetic field is completely described by an asymmetric tensor of the second rank , which is a four-dimensional derivative of the electromagnetic potential. This tensor can be decomposed into the canonical antisymmetric and the new symmetric EMF tensor. From this tensor, in the form of its complete divergence, the EMF equations follow. One of them is an electromagnetic analog of the Lame equation for an elastic medium. It is shown that the longitudinal waves of the divergence of the vector potential propagate at a speed greater than the speed of light and do not have a magnetic component.
Category: Classical Physics

[513] viXra:1805.0048 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-03 01:34:21

Introducing Light Force

Authors: Dmitri Martila
Comments: 10 Pages.

Why Earth momentum keeps same angle to the orbit, but moment of momentum changes its angle to the orbit (and to the momentum)? Both momentums behave like vectors (if no reflections) in an inertial coordinate system.
Category: Classical Physics

[512] viXra:1805.0045 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-01 21:14:49

Frequency Steerable Endfire Antenna based on an Spoof-surface Plasmon Polariton E-plane Transmission Line

Authors: Louis WY LIU
Comments: 11 Pages. 2018 IEEE INDIAN CONFERENCE ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION (InCAP)

This paper presents an antenna that generates a frequency steerable endfire electromagnetic radiation out of a spoof surface plasmon polariton (SSPP) transmission line mounted in the center E-plane of a rectangular waveguide. The SSPP transmission has both its upper edge and lower edge patterned with corrugated metal slot/gap arrays of the same period. However, the slot depth on the corrugated pattern along the upper edge is different from the slot depth on the corrugated pattern along the lower edge. This arrangement creates a difference in surface impedance between the upper corrugated edge and the low corrugated edge on the SSPP transmission line, thus allowing the angle of the endfire radiation to be shifted upwards and downwards. According to our simulation, the angle of endfire radiation can be shifted by at least 10 degree simply by varying the operating frequencies.
Category: Classical Physics