Classical Physics

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Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed further down

[539] viXra:1411.0533 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-21 11:33:37

Form of Intensity of the Moving Charge Electric Field is Asymmetrical.

Authors: Lubomir Vlcek
Comments: 15 Pages. From the asymmetrical form of the intensity of the moving charge we can derive Gauss law, Faraday's law and derive the 4th Maxwell's equation,

Relationship Lorentz derived from the asymmetrical form of the intensity of the moving charge. To derive it we do not need Lorentz's transformations equations, that is we do not need SPACE-TIME. We do not need local time, or covariant equations or physical simultaneity definition or invariant interval From the asymmetrical form of the intensity of the moving charge we can derive Gauss law, Faraday's law and derive the 4th Maxwell's equation, fictional by Maxwell and not to be derived.Kinetic energy of a charge moving at the velocity of v has two different values: in direction of motion as own kinetic energy of charge and against direction of motion of charge represents the wave energy, which creates charge in transmision medium.
Category: Classical Physics

[538] viXra:1411.0531 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-21 11:46:11

Form of the Interference Field is Non-Linear

Authors: Lubomir Vlcek
Comments: 13 Pages. Kinetic energy of a charge moving at the velocity of v has two different values.

The main differences between incompetent Einstein's theory[1] and the latest knowledge[2]are: 1.Form of Intensity of the Moving Charge Electric Field is asymmetrical, 2. Form of the interference field is non-linear, 3. Kinetic energy of a charge moving at the velocity of v has two different values: Kinetic energy of electron , (proton) Tkin id =mc2 [ln |1-v/c|+ (v/c) / (1-v/c) ] in direction of motion of electron, (proton) where v is velocity of electron, (proton). Kinetic energy of electron , (proton) Tkin ad = mc2 [ln |1+v/c|- (v/c) / (1+v/c) ] against direction of motion of electron, (proton) where v is velocity of electron, (proton). These are the main differences between incompetent Einstein's theory and the latest knowledge.
Category: Classical Physics

[537] viXra:1411.0530 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-21 12:08:28

Kinetic Energy of a Charge Moving at the Velocity of V Has Two Different Values

Authors: Lubomir Vlcek
Comments: 5 Pages. Kinetic energy of a charge moving at the velocity of v has two different values

Kinetic energy of a charge moving at the velocity of v has two different values: Kinetic energy of electron , (proton) Tkin id =mc2 [ln |1-v/c|+ (v/c) / (1-v/c) ] in direction of motion of electron, (proton) as particle, where v is velocity of electron, (proton). Kinetic energy of electron , (proton) Tkin ad = mc2 [ln |1+v/c|- (v/c) / (1+v/c) ] against direction of motion of electron, (proton) as wave, where v is velocity of electron, (proton).
Category: Classical Physics

[536] viXra:1411.0484 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-20 16:16:12

Explanation of Width and Stretch-Factors for Type ia Supernovae

Authors: Alexander M. Chepick
Comments: 2 Pages. This article was sent to j. "Spacetime & Substance" №3(13)-2002, but was not published.

Explanations of dependence on distance are given both for the w-factor of a light curve of an absolute magnitude Type Ia Supernovae and for s-factor by assuming a value intergalactic optical density for visible frequencies of light about 1.00000000003 and by normal distribution of light speed.
Category: Classical Physics

[535] viXra:1411.0483 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-20 17:06:38

The Lunar Wake as cause of the Allais Effect

Authors: Antonio Iovane
Comments: 9 Pages.

Recently I have found a very strong correlation between unsolicited motions of a special torsion balance and instabilities of the geomagnetic field. I argue that these geomagnetic variations, if steep enough, might induce eddy currents into the metallic mass of the balance. Such currents would in turn generate magnetic fields which could urge the balance to rotate. Geomagnetic instabilities arise when the solar wind is unstable as an effect of solar activity. I have noticed that such instabilities occur, for an observer at Earth, even when the sun is calm and the solar wind is stable, but the observing point is swept by the effects of the "lunar wake", i.e. the vacuum of solar wind which extends from the moon in the anti-sunward direction. This happens around solar eclipses. I think that the lunar wake could be accounted for the so called "Allais Effect" (abnormal behavior of Foucault pendulums and other devices around solar eclipses) by the above mentioned mechanism. Actually I have found the magnetic signature of the lunar wake in geosynchronous satellite data around the occurrence of solar eclipses during which it was claimed a detection of the Allais Effect. In this article I present both satellite and test devices data for some eclipses. I think that the elusive and somewhat mysterious Allais effect falls into the realm of commonly accepted physics. The geomagnetic activity depends on the interaction of the solar wind with the magnetosphere. The effects of the lunar wake in the near-Earth environment has not been well studied yet, and I suggest that the “all American” August 2017 solar eclipse would be a good opportunity for further investigation.
Category: Classical Physics

[534] viXra:1411.0435 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-19 19:32:02

Influence of Info-Imprinting on Work Functions of Metallic Matrixes

Authors: Mark Krinker
Comments: 15 Pages.

The paper considers studying influence of a human-oriented info-imprinting on a work function of carriers of the imprinted information – metallic matrixes. The matrix-imprinted information proved its efficiency in a reduction of a thermal impact of a radiation of mobile phones, to which the matrixes were attached. Seebeck effect and Kelvin Probe installations were used and modified for the research. The study revealed a prevailing (but not the total) increase of the work function after info-imprinting. This is attributed to an ordering action of the information. Basing on the development of the experimental means, new info-thermo detectors are proposed.
Category: Classical Physics

[533] viXra:1411.0293 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-19 06:19:35

Innovations in Energomechanics

Authors: Edmundas Jauniškis
Comments: 4 Pages.

Identification of the energy as the centerpiece of mechanics relatively easily revealed the meaning of inertia. Dr. A. Akimov (А. Акимов) wrote in his article [1]: “Physics in its orthodox interpretation is not only unable to explain what inertia is, but is also unable to explain the origin of inertia forces, internal or external, in relation to moving bodies”. Dr. G. Shipov (Г. Шипов) has a similar opinion [2]. He writes: “The oldest mechanics mystery is inertia PROBLEM”. Since I. Newton times there is no unambiguous understanding of these simple things: What is the source of inertia? Are these forces real? Can these forces in relation to an isolated system be divided into internal and external? Are these forces obedient to the I. Newton laws of mechanics (e. g. action and reaction law)?
Category: Classical Physics

[532] viXra:1411.0232 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-18 16:54:07

Alternative Classical Mechanics II

Authors: Alejandro A. Torassa
Comments: 11 Pages.

This paper presents an alternative classical mechanics which is invariant under transformations between reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without the necessity of introducing fictitious forces.
Category: Classical Physics

[531] viXra:1411.0227 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-18 01:11:57

The Complete System of Equations of the Electromagnetic Field

Authors: Spirichev Yu.A.
Comments: 12 Pages.

The work is devoted to the development of the classical theory of electromagnetic fields (EMF). By way of deduction, built tensors EMF and received the complete system of equations EMF describing its rotation and deformation in pseudo-Euclidean Minkowski space. In addition to the well-known Maxwell's equations, the system contains four new equations EMF. Shows the physical essence of the calibration Lorentz. Received new wave equation EMF. The equation for the new components of the intensities of the symmetric part of the EMF. The expressions for the electromagnetic forces, including forces Nikolaev and two new dynamic electromagnetic forces.
Category: Classical Physics

[530] viXra:1411.0218 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-16 08:50:52

Twin's Problem as Gate to the Classics with God's Grace

Authors: Dmitri Martila
Comments: 8 Pages. Is there a publication offer coming?

The paradoxes of Einstein's Relativity are not solved without the God's Grace. One must return to Holy Trinity.
Category: Classical Physics

[529] viXra:1411.0111 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-13 14:14:17

Moment of Inertia of the Earth

Authors: Enrico Masina
Comments: 4 Pages.

This is a pure physical deduction of the EMI (Earth's Moment of Inertia). It does include a project, that anyone can develop for personal amusement.
Category: Classical Physics

[528] viXra:1411.0099 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-11 21:19:09

(CHINESE)Analyze Mistake of the Newton Third Law —— New Object Mutual Action Law

Authors: GuagSan Yu
Comments: 9 Pages. This paper is the Chinese.

The dynamics experiment indicated, the Newton third law is wrong. So where is it been mistakes? The demand deepest analysis in action and reaction, it of meaning and it of principle. The result is to make person feelings shock, it is really wrong that Newton third law!
Category: Classical Physics

[527] viXra:1411.0098 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-11 21:31:27

New Rotational Dynamics —— Inertiatorque Principle and the Force Moment the Character of Statics

Authors: GuagSan Yu
Comments: 15 Pages.

Textual point of view, generate in a series of rotational dynamics experiment. Initial research, is wish find a method overcome the momentum conservation. But further study, again detected inside the classical mechanics, the error of the principle of force moment. Then a series of, momentous the error of inside classical theory, all discover come out. The momentum conservation law is wrong; the newton third law is wrong; the energy conservation law is also can surpass. After redress these error, the new theory namely perforce bring. This will involve the classical physics and mechanics the foundation fraction, textbooks of physics foundation part should proceed the grand modification.
Category: Classical Physics

[526] viXra:1411.0097 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-11 21:43:47

(Chinese)new Rotational Dynamics —— Inertiatorque Principle and the Force Moment the Character of Statics

Authors: GuagSan Yu
Comments: 12 Pages. This paper is the Chinese.

Textual point of view, generate in a series of rotational dynamics experiment. Initial research, is wish find a method overcome the momentum conservation. But further study, again detected inside the classical mechanics, the error of the principle of force moment. Then a series of, momentous the error of inside classical theory, all discover come out. The momentum conservation law is wrong; the newton third law is wrong; the energy conservation law is also can surpass. After redress these error, the new theory namely perforce bring. This will involve the classical physics and mechanics the foundation fraction, textbooks of physics foundation part should proceed the grand modification.
Category: Classical Physics

[525] viXra:1411.0041 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-05 08:49:00

An Exact Solution of a Coupled ODE for Wireless Energy Transmission via Magnetic Resonance

Authors: Victor Christianto, Yunita Umniyati
Comments: 4 Pages. This article has not been submitted to any journal. Your comments are welcome.

In the present paper we argue that it is possible to find an exact solution of coupled magnetic resonance equation for describing wireless energy transmission, as discussed by Karalis (2006) and Kurs et al. (2007). We also make an analogy between the graphical plots of this problem with the spiral galaxies. This paper is a follow up paper of our 2008 paper.
Category: Classical Physics

[524] viXra:1411.0040 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-05 06:16:37

On a New Wave Explanation to Michelson-Morley Experiment

Authors: M Hernando-Guevara
Comments: 5 Pages.

Using as null hypothesis the existence of classical Luminous Ether as preferred reference frame and considering all its consequences within a wave analysis in an absolute time framework, it is theoretically proved that a two way interference experiment do not demonstrate the inexistence of an eventual absolute space, as it is considered until now. In this sense Michelson-Morley experiment, and others of the same nature, may all of them be inconclusive.
Category: Classical Physics

[523] viXra:1411.0029 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-04 04:06:45

Generator Rossi: the Truth and Fiction

Authors: Etkin V.A.
Comments: 11 Pages. In Russian

It is shown that the generator Rossi is one of the devices, actual energy source in which is the ether, but not cold fusion and not transmutation of chemical elements
Category: Classical Physics

[522] viXra:1410.0183 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-28 08:40:25

Elucidation of the Mystery of the Number Resulting from the Ratio of the Gravitational Force to the Electrical Force Between Two Electrons

Authors: Riad Boudellioua
Comments: 4 Pages.

In this letter I present an unprecedented numeric result in fundamental physics which is very easy to verify.It is the elucidation of the mystery of the number resulting from the ratio of the gravitational force to the electrical force between two electrons.
Category: Classical Physics

[521] viXra:1410.0127 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-22 11:25:22

How the Thrust of Shawyer’s Thruster can be Strongly Increased

Authors: Fran De Aquino
Comments: 5 Pages.

Here, we review the derivation of the equation of thrust of Shawyer’s thruster, by obtaining a new expression, which includes the indexes of refraction of the two parallel plates in the tapered waveguide. This new expression shows that, by strongly increasing the index of refraction of the plate with the largest area, the value of the thrust can be strongly increased.
Category: Classical Physics

[520] viXra:1410.0081 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-14 15:51:34

Mass Problem in the Gravitational Field

Authors: Oliver R Jovanovic
Comments: 10 Pages.

Proton rest mass near massive neutron star is identical to electrons rest mass at the Earth surface.
Category: Classical Physics

[519] viXra:1410.0060 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-12 14:59:27

Throwing Objects Off the Earth in the D20 System

Authors: James Russel
Comments: 4 Pages.

We derive the minimum strength score require for a character to throw an object off the Earth in the d20 roleplaying system. By examining a "worst case" scenario involving air resistance, we show that the presence of the atmosphere induces a negligible correction to the minimum strength score, which is 114 for a Medium creature throwing another Medium creature off the Earth.
Category: Classical Physics

[518] viXra:1410.0050 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-11 10:44:25

Note About “Response to Question #79 Does a Plane Wave Carry Spin Angular Momentum?” (Am. J. Phys. 70, 567)

Authors: Radi I. Khrapko
Comments: 6 Pages. HISTORY OF SUBMITTING is presented

It is shown that spin of a light wave is absorbed by all surface of an absorbing plate, while the edge of the plate absorbs orbital angular momentum. Absorption of electrodynamics spin cannot be expressed in terms of the energy-momentum tensor. Spin tensor is needed.
Category: Classical Physics

[517] viXra:1410.0026 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-06 03:07:16

Ether Without Hypotheses

Authors: Etkin V.A.
Comments: 12 Pages. In Russian

It is shown, that energodynamic approach to the study of the ether, not leaning on modelling representations and based on the experimentally confirmed equations of its state and movement, allows to establish power nature its interaction with substance and a number of its other properties, without resorting to hypotheses
Category: Classical Physics

[516] viXra:1410.0023 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-05 08:19:47

A Geometric Relationship Between Physical Coupling Constants and Cosmological Parameters

Authors: Alberto Coe
Comments: 4 Pages.

Will introduce a curious geometric relationship between some coupling constants of physical interactions and on the other hand some cosmological parameters .
Category: Classical Physics

[515] viXra:1410.0015 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-03 19:46:32

Suppression of Forest Fire by Helicopter Without Water

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 10 Pages.

The natural occurrences of wildfires damage nature areas, produce the hundreds of millions of dollars in losses, and considerable pollution of environment. The author suggests a very efficient method of suppression of a forest fire without water. He offers a system of simple light plates or anchor suspended from any helicopter which directs the helicopter propeller airflow against the direction of a wildfire. After some minutes the natural fuel burns away in the front of fire and the fire cannot advance. The author developed theory and methods computations and suggests some designs of the devices for so changing the helicopter airflow direction.
Category: Classical Physics

[514] viXra:1410.0009 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-02 12:43:23

Partial Energy and the Principle of Its Additivity

Authors: Etkin V.A.
Comments: 5 Pages. In Russian

It is shown, that total energy of any system is the sum of the partial energies of all its degrees of freedom, each of which is expressed by the product of intensive and extensive state parameter. The expediency of introduction of this concept is proved and not trivial of its consequences are discussed
Category: Classical Physics

[513] viXra:1409.0209 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-28 17:33:47

Action of Magneto-Mechanical Spinning on the Electron Flow. System Reaction of the Electronic Device on the Spinning. Preliminary Results.

Authors: Mark Krinker
Comments: 11 Pages. The article was initially written in Russian. The Abtract and comments and the comments ander the figures are duplicated in English

The paper deals with an influence of an external magneto-mechanical spinning object on the current of the electronic beam inside the Cathode Ray Tubes, CRT. The experiments have revealed that a variation of the angular momentum L reduces the current (I) up to 30%. The preliminary law of interaction can be shown as a dot product , where n is a unity vector of the electron flow. There was no 100% reproduction of the phenomena. In particular, in one of the cases, relocation of the installation to a different place annihilated the phenomenon. This raises a question on the influence of the hidden factors like Geo-Pathogenic Zones, having their own angular momentum, on the effect, as well as other factors. However, in the majority of the experiments, the effect was reproduced with CRT of the oscilloscopes and the TV-set, Figs. 6,8,9. It was also noted that direction of the variation of the spinning with respect to direction of the electron flow plays a role in the phenomenon, what is shown as the dot product above. The phenomenon can be explained as an interaction of the spins of electrons and the angular momentum of the magneto-mechanical spinning. The results of the experiments match that of earlier conducted by the author for interaction of the spinning electromagnetic fields and background gamma-quanta. The interaction of the angular momentum of the spinning field and the spins of the quanta resulted in their statistics. In particular, the clockwise spinning reduced the count rate for 20%. This relates both the phenomena. Action of the external magneto-mechanical spinning also can affect the whole electronic system, incorporating the CRT.
Category: Classical Physics

[512] viXra:1409.0203 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-26 20:40:47

Unified Field Theory and Foundation of Physics

Authors: Zhiliang Cao, Henry Gu Cao
Comments: 7 Pages.

The paper "Unified field theory" (UFT) opened a new chapter of physics. The main model of UFT is Torque Grids that unify Space, Time, Energy and Force. The configuration of invisible particles and structure of the grand universe can be logically induced. Visually, the universe can be modeled as single Torque Grids’ hierarchy. A simple UDP Java program can be used to prove the space-time-energy-force relationship predicted by the unified field theory and explain why the continents are drifting. One of the applications of UFT is to predict the nuclei topologies of each element. Physics, "knowledge of nature", is defined as a natural science that involves the study of matter and its motion through space and time, along with related concepts such as energy and force. UFT gives a better definition of Physics: “A natural science that involves the study of motion of space-time-energy-force to explain/predict the motion, interaction and configuration of matter.”
Category: Classical Physics

[511] viXra:1409.0134 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-16 22:06:27

Momentum is not Conservation Principle

Authors: GuangSan Yu
Comments: 9 Pages.

The thus far momentum conservation law the Were by testify, In fact only is the laws of motion of newton third, and the is object simpleness and beeline the momentum conservation of the afoul. involve the thus far of the, the all momentum conservation law experiment all is. but, it be deemed to the is classical, and were extend to all any matter system. in complicated matter system, for instance, if interaction the at object, its inner matter forminged the opposite turn, at here whether still conform the momentum conservation? have never the study that to register in such. can authenticate, in this kind of circumstance, the total beeline momenta of the substance system, would vary the occurrence, it will diminish. so here momentum is not conservation. therefore, the momentum conservation law not is an universe compliant, the law of any matter system, in some complicated substance system, it is not exactitude.
Category: Classical Physics

[510] viXra:1409.0133 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-16 22:07:01

Transcend the Conservation Law

Authors: GuangSan Yu
Comments: 10 Pages.

In Rotation dynamics of the classical mechanics, there is a serious error, namely the notion of the force moment. Via the arm of force that vary the force moment, can vary the dimension of the force, this is wrong. But Rotation dynamics and whole theory system, is to regard the notion of this kind of force moment as the foundation, moreover establish create. Thereupon, the hitherto of thereinto the Rotation dynamics, abound the multifarious mistake. In complete of the Rotation dynamics of the inertia locomotion, the notion of the force moment is meaningless. The and force moment extraordinary resemble react, that is other concept Inertia-torque. Inertia-torque is mass and arm of force product at object or particle. Similar in this way through correction after, the Rotation dynamics will have the grand change. And thereupon we can also achieve, versus physics several celebrated conservation law of the exceed. The world science will have a grand advancement.
Category: Classical Physics

[509] viXra:1409.0132 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-16 22:07:17

The Momentum Engine

Authors: GuagSan Yu
Comments: 2 Pages.

The Newton third law is wrong! Moreover the momentum also is not conservation, So a kind of new space propeller nope don't may, That is the momentum engine.
Category: Classical Physics

[508] viXra:1409.0131 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-16 22:07:36

The Experiment of the Inertiatorque

Authors: GuagSan Yu
Comments: 4 Pages.

For the sake of the rotation dynamics, made the rotation dynamics experiment. Get the Inertia-torque concept, of the rotation dynamics.
Category: Classical Physics

[507] viXra:1409.0130 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-16 22:07:50

Attest the Moment of Inertia is Wrong

Authors: GuagSan Yu
Comments: 1 Page.

Moment of inertia is wrong. In it of formula deduce process, have serious I = mr 2 mistake. This is the can testify.
Category: Classical Physics

[506] viXra:1409.0116 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-15 04:50:56

On the Electric and Magnetic Forces

Authors: José Francisco García Juliá
Comments: 2 Pages.

The electric and magnetic forces would be produced by a polarization of the vacuum.
Category: Classical Physics

[505] viXra:1409.0115 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-14 23:22:57

Analyze Mistake of the Newton Third Law

Authors: GuagSan Yu
Comments: 11 Pages.

The dynamics experiment indicated, the Newton third law is wrong. So where is it been mistakes? The demand deepest analysis in action and reaction, it of meaning and it of principle. The result is to make person feelings shock, it is really wrong that Newton third law!
Category: Classical Physics

[504] viXra:1409.0062 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-09 10:09:16

Electric Charge

Authors: Nainan K. Varghese
Comments: 4 Pages.

Abstract: Electric charges are usually treated almost like physical entities. They are assumed to exist in association with electrons and protons and could be transferred from one matter-body to another along with these fundamental particles. Similar electric charges are believed to repel each other and dissimilar electric charges are believed to attract each other. These widely believed assumptions, in contemporary physics, have no logical basis. This article briefly explains nature, structure and mechanism of interaction of electric charges, as given in an alternative concept. Although they differ from currently accepted beliefs, they are based on consistent reasoning, initiated from a single assumption on existence of matter.
Category: Classical Physics

[503] viXra:1409.0060 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-09 04:02:38

Paths of Least Time for Quantum Scale and Geometrical Interpretation of Light Diffraction

Authors: F. Ben Adda
Comments: 13 Pages. 8 Figures, it completes the previous paper viXra: 1406.0015

In this paper, a geometrical interpretation of light diffraction is given using an infinity of fluctuating geodesics for the small scale (the quantum scale) that represent paths of least time in an homogeneous space. Without using the wave theory, we provide a geometrical explanation of the deviation of light's overall direction from rectilinear when light encounters edges, apertures and screens.
Category: Classical Physics

[502] viXra:1409.0031 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-05 09:59:01

The Informational Model – Gravity

Authors: Sergey V. Shevchenko, Vladimir V. Tokarevsky
Comments: 12 Pages.

In a number of our arXiv papers it was rigorously shown that Matter in our Universe – and Universe as a whole - are some informational systems (structures), which exist as uninterruptedly transforming [practically] infinitesimal sub-sets of the absolutely infinite and fundamental set “Information”. The conception enables to suggest a reasonable physical (“informational”) model that is based on the conjecture that Matter is some analogue of computer (more correct – some analogue of a [huge] number of mutually weakly connected automata). The conjecture, in turn, allows introducing in the model the basic logical elements that constitute the material structures (e.g., particles) and support the informational exchange - i.e. the forces - between the structures. The model yet now makes clearer a number of basic problems in physics; and, besides, enables to put forward rather reasonable model of the gravity force. In this paper more detailed and corrected version of the model is presented.
Category: Classical Physics

[501] viXra:1409.0029 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-05 04:39:16

A Prediction of Difference Between the Doppler-Shift-Formulae for High-Frequency-Light and Very-Low-Frequency Electromagnetic-Waves; and a Supportive Observational-Evidence

Authors: Hasmukh K. Tank
Comments: A single-page note

In a paper titled: Explanation for the observed wave/particle duality of light (Tank, H. K. viXra:1402.0153), it was explained that: “At the frequencies of light, generation and filtering of purely monochromatic light of one Hertz bandwidth is technically not yet possible; so there has been quite a wide band of electromagnetic waves involved in the experiments performed so far. And since this wide band of waves coherently add only at discrete points in space, and mutually nullify their amplitudes at rest of the points, the ‘wave-packets’ get formed; which the detectors detect as ‘particles’. If the electromagnetic waves were always in the form of waves as well as particles, then even at radio frequencies we must observe ‘particles’ of radio-waves in addition to the ‘waves’ observed on oscilloscopes.” Then in a paper titled: What needs to be known about the collapse of quantum-mechanical wave-function (Tank, H. K. viXra:1407.0139) it was explained that de Broglie’s wave actually describes the ‘envelope-variations’ of superimposition of a wide band of the actual waves; and when there is a relative velocity between the source of light and observer, the width of the band also either shrinks or expands. And as was described in a paper titled: “Wave-theoretical insight into the Relativistic ‘length-contraction’ and ‘time-dilation’ of super-novae light-curves” (Tank, H. K. viXra:1407.0144 ) , shrinking of bandwidth means ‘time-dilation’. From these papers we find that at the frequencies of light, there are two factors affecting the Doppler-shift, namely classical Doppler-shift plus time-dilation. Whereas in the case of low-frequency electromagnetic waves, since they can be produced or filtered as narrow-band as single Hertz, only the formula for classical Doppler-shift is expected to be applicable. And there is a supportive evidence also for the above prediction; as reported in a paper attempting to explain the Pioneer anomaly, titled: (----- ) it was concluded that the observations seem to favor applicability of classical formula for Doppler-shift, rather than the Relativistic one. Detailed paper will follow soon.
Category: Classical Physics

[500] viXra:1409.0016 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-02 11:03:27

The Theory of the Three-Phase Electric Multipole

Authors: Gheorghe Mihai
Comments: 47 Pages. ISBN 973-657-736-8, SITECH Publisher, Craiova, Romania

The book ”The theory of the three-phase electric multipole” represents the generalization of the electric quadripole theory to the three-phase electric circuits, wants to maintain both the definitions and formulae obtained in the theory of the electric quadripole, but in another mathematical symbolism adapted to the three-phase electric circuits with or without neutral wire.
Category: Classical Physics

[499] viXra:1408.0239 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-31 16:46:25

Terraforming of Planets and Space Objects

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 20 Pages.

The current physics believes that vacuum can produce energy and Universes. The basis of any Universe is energy. Author assumes: energy may be positive or negative. Positive energy produces our positive matter, negative energy produces negative matter. Using this effect the author offers the formatting the current planets of Solar system, making them suitable for people, for humanity. That include: the production of Earth atmosphere, water, magnetic field in planets and natural satellites, change their angle speed, and transportation them to Earth orbit. Negative matter repels our (positive) matter. Using this effect the author offers a space propulsion system which allows reaching by space ship a speed close to light speed and to enable massive retrieval of extraterrestrial materials to construct works in space. That may be the best method colonization the space, Solar System and Universe. Concept of negative energy also allows solving the many very important problems of humanity. For example, humanity can create any artificial material, food, travel to other stars and possible (in future) create a new Universe.
Category: Classical Physics

[498] viXra:1408.0159 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-24 03:34:01

An Experimental Observation of RF Amplification via Powerless Yagi-Uda Array

Authors: Xiaodong Liu, Qichang Liang, Yu Liang
Comments: 6 Pages.

We built up a system composed of one dipole transmitter and four groups of Yagi-Uda array. Aluminum foils were used to reflect RF wave back to dipole transmitter. The input impedance of this system has negative value so that this system works like a powerless RF amplifier. A circulator was used to separate input and reflected waves from the dipole transmitter. It is observed that the amplitude of reflected wave is 3.0 times of input signal. The output power is 9.0 times of input power.
Category: Classical Physics

[497] viXra:1408.0142 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-21 13:00:02

Crenel Physics

Authors: Hans van Kessel
Comments: 49 Pages.

This manuscript starts by raising some questions about our Metric system of units of measurement. For editorial reasons it then continues by describing the efforts of a ‘Martian’ (so to speak) to set up a grass roots system. He thereby is coached by ‘Professor Earth’, who makes sure that findings of earthly giants (in particular Einstein, Planck and Boltzmann) are properly integrated. Relative to Metric units of measurement, the outcome is overwhelmingly simple and consistent. Thereby, the gravitational constant ‘G’ is found to equal: G≡ (h.ln(4))/kB This finding –obviously- is of fundamental importance. It is however only valid between elementary particles. For ensembles thereof a –slightly- higher value for ‘G’ must be expected.
Category: Classical Physics

[496] viXra:1408.0141 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-21 15:07:28

Light-Induced Electromagnetic Spinning as one of the Sources for the Field Gyroscope. The Field Gyroscope as a Base of the Yin and Yang Energies

Authors: Mark Krinker
Comments: 7 Pages.

The phenomenon of Light-Induced localized electromagnetic spinning, the Field Gyroscope, was observed in experiments with the new model of SEVA - the instrument for studying spinning fields. Presence and absence of the light causes a radio-frequency localized spinning of opposite directions, respectively. The experiment proved the earlier conception of the author claiming origination of localized spinning basing on Huygens–Fresnel Principle. The mechanism of excitation of the radio-frequency spinning by mush higher frequencies of the light has been discussed.
Category: Classical Physics

[495] viXra:1408.0130 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-19 16:11:09

Elimination of Uncertainty Concept of Energy

Authors: Etkin V.A.
Comments: 6 Pages. In Russian

It is shown that the energy is the most general function of the state, which characterizes the ability of the system to make any (ordered and disorder) work. This is achieved by generalisation of concept of work and refusal from division of energy exchange on heat exchange and work.
Category: Classical Physics

[494] viXra:1408.0097 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-16 03:21:28

Testing the Induction System of a New Length-Optimized Version of an Ion-Thruster of Rit-Type with Ferrite Pot-Core

Authors: Danny Kirmse
Comments: 4 Pages.

The following paper aims for a new more efficient design of the discharge chamber of a Radio-Frequency Ion-Thruster (RIT). The discharge chamber contains plasma, which provides the charged particles for thrust-generation. The plasma is produced by ionization of gas. The ionizing discharge has to occur in the whole chamber; in the whole chamber energy needs to be expended to produce plasma. On the other hand, as shown in [3], only charged particles out of a small layer direct close to the plasma-grid are used to become accelerated for the generation of thrust. In order to achieve energy costs as efficient as possible; plasma should be produced only in this small layer, optimally. In the following an option is presented to reduce the length of the discharge chamber of a RIT. This is achieved by coupling in the ionizing electric eddy-fields from the top-end of the discharge chamber, no longer from the sides of the chamber. For this kind of field-coupling a new induction system is needed, where the induction coil is placed inside a ferrite pot-core. Within this paper a qualitative testing of the proposed new induction system is described.
Category: Classical Physics

[493] viXra:1408.0096 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-16 03:26:53

Two Concepts of High-Thrust Plasma-Propulsion Engines for Use as Main-Thruster Units for Interplanetary Exploration

Authors: Danny Kirmse
Comments: 8 Pages.

This paper contains the description of two concepts for plasma-propulsion engines for application as main thruster units for exploration missions in the solar system. Current space policy increasingly focuses on exploration missions to the earth’s next planets. This includes for instance also manned missions to the Mars. Most efficient for this type of mission would be a propulsion system that provides adjustable continuous thrust over long time-periods. Beyond that, a thrust level as high as possible should be realized due to the reduction of the travel time. The two propulsion concepts (named “Helios-1” and “Helios-2”) presented in this paper are designed to fulfill the thrust requirements mentioned above. Both concepts base on the intention to ionize a gas under high-pressure condition, in order to produce sufficient numbers of charged particles that are able to generate high thrust by coupling of electric and magnetic fields. The ionization proceeds in two stages (pre- and main-ionization). The task of the pre-ionization is to generate the initial conditions to enable ionization of high-pressure gas at all. “Helios-1” is a pure electric propulsion system that uses the principle of a Tesla-transformer to achieve sufficient electric field strength for pre-ionization. “Helios-2” is a hybrid propulsion system consisting of a chemical pre-stage and an electrical main-stage. A Redox-reaction produces electrons that improve the conditions for ionization of high-pressure gas. Additionally, the thrust producing extraction mechanism is described in the paper. The intention to extract large numbers of charged particles requires a design of the thrusters as plasma-propulsion engines. The extraction of plasma instead of ions prevents the formation of space charges that limit the extractable current of thrust producing charged particles.
Category: Classical Physics

[492] viXra:1408.0080 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-13 14:42:57

Title: Unified Nature of All Interactions

Authors: Etkin V.A.
Comments: 10 Pages. In Russian

It is shown, that universal definition of forces as the gradient of the corresponding kind of energy applies to the ether waves. Distinction of reaction of substance on influences different frequency is proved. Thereby the unity of the nature of interaction between ether and substance is justified. The ether - soliton concepts of a structure of substance is discussed.
Category: Classical Physics

[491] viXra:1408.0074 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-12 14:27:08

Circularly Polarized Light Causes Shear Stress

Authors: Radi I. Khrapko
Comments: 3 Pages. This is a submission to Annals of Physics

It is shown that, in defiance of the conventional point of view, circularly polarized light causes shear stress
Category: Classical Physics

[490] viXra:1408.0055 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-09 13:22:19

Method for Interstellar Flight

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 9 Pages.

The basis of any Universe is energy. Energy may be positive or negative. Negative energy produces negative matter. Negative matter repels our (positive) matter. Using this effect the author offers a space propulsion system which allows reaching by space ship a speed close to light speed and to enable massive retrieval of extraterrestrial materials to construct works in space
Category: Classical Physics

[489] viXra:1408.0047 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-08 16:38:58

Whether Material the Electromagnetic Field?

Authors: Etkin V.A.
Comments: 13 Pages. In Russian

Substantiates the view, according to which the electromagnetic field in free space is not a form of matter, but only one of the measures of stress the state of the ether, which is caused by the inhomogeneous distribution of matter in it with its inherent charges and currents
Category: Classical Physics

[488] viXra:1408.0034 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-07 11:49:53

An Explanation of Tomilin's Experiments \\ К объяснению экспериментов Томилина

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 3 Pages. in Russian

It is shown that Tomilin's experiments can be explained remaining within the existing physical paradigm. \\ Показано, что эксперименты Томилина можно объяснить, оставаясь в рамках существующей физической парадигмы.
Category: Classical Physics

[487] viXra:1408.0019 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-04 07:22:56

As Why Flies the Helicopter

Authors: Mende F. F.
Comments: 2 Pages.

In aircraft, especially in destroyers, the durable wings, which during the turns experience large loads. In helicopters the wings be absent, but the propeller blades, which ensure lift, it is in no way similar to the wings of aircraft. Moreover, these blades are so elastic that at rest they even sag under the dead weight. As such, it would seem, fragile wings, ensure the lift of such heavy helicopters.
Category: Classical Physics

[486] viXra:1408.0011 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-03 15:52:18

Biquaternion em Forces with Hidden Momentum and an Extended Lorentz Force Law, the Lorentz-Larmor Law

Authors: E.P.J. de Haas
Comments: 40 Pages.

In this paper we apply our version of biquaternion math-phys to electrodynamics, especially to moving electromagnetic dipole moments. After a terminological introduction and applying the developed math-phys to the Maxwell environment, we propose to fuse the Larmor angular velocity with the Lorentz Force Law, producing the biquaternion Lorentz-Larmor Law. This might be a more economic way to deal with cyclotron and tokamak related physics, where the Lorentz Force Law and the Larmor angular velocity actively coexist. Then we propose a biquaternion formulation for the energy-torque-hidden-momentum product related to a moving electromagnetic dipole moment. This expression is then used to get a relativistically invariant force equation on moving electromagnetic dipole moments. This equation is then used to get at the force on a hidden electromagnetic dipole moment and for a derivation of the Ahanorov-Casher force on a magnetic dipole moving in an external electric field. As a conclusion we briefly relate our findings to Mansuripurs recent critique of the Lorentz Force Law and the electrodynamic expressions for the energy-momentum tensor.
Category: Classical Physics

[485] viXra:1408.0009 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-03 13:48:21

Theoretical Derivation of Coulomb's Law

Authors: Etkin V.A.
Comments: 3 Pages. In Russian

The conclusion of Coulomb's law from the first principles of energodynamics is given, based on non-uniform distribution of electric charge in space
Category: Classical Physics

Replacements of recent Submissions

[200] viXra:1410.0127 [pdf] replaced on 2014-10-29 13:00:04

How the Thrust of Shawyer’s Thruster can be Strongly Increased

Authors: Fran De Aquino
Comments: 5 Pages.

Here, we review the derivation of the equation of thrust of Shawyer’s thruster, by obtaining a new expression, which includes the indexes of refraction of the two parallel plates in the tapered waveguide. This new expression shows that, by strongly increasing the index of refraction of the plate with the largest area, the value of the thrust can be strongly increased.
Category: Classical Physics

[199] viXra:1410.0060 [pdf] replaced on 2014-10-25 15:25:27

Throwing Objects Off the Earth in the D20 System

Authors: James Russel
Comments: 4 Pages.

We derive the minimum strength score require for a character to throw an object off the Earth in the d20 roleplaying system. By examining a "worst case" scenario involving air resistance, we show that the presence of the atmosphere induces a negligible correction to the minimum strength score, which is 114 for a Medium creature throwing another Medium creature off the Earth.
Category: Classical Physics

[198] viXra:1409.0131 [pdf] replaced on 2014-09-16 22:20:51

The Experiment of the Inertia-Torque

Authors: GuagSan Yu
Comments: 4 Pages.

For the sake of the rotation dynamics, made the rotation dynamics experiment. Get the Inertia-torque concept, of the rotation dynamics.
Category: Classical Physics

[197] viXra:1409.0116 [pdf] replaced on 2014-09-22 02:42:30

On the Electric and Magnetic Forces

Authors: José Francisco García Juliá
Comments: 2 Pages.

The electric and magnetic forces would be produced by a polarization of the vacuum.
Category: Classical Physics

[196] viXra:1409.0115 [pdf] replaced on 2014-09-17 20:25:35

Analyze Mistake of the Newton Third Law

Authors: GuagSan Yu
Comments: 11 Pages.

The dynamics experiment indicated, the Newton third law is wrong. So where is it been mistakes? The demand deepest analysis in action and reaction, it of meaning and it of principle. The result is to make person feelings shock, it is really wrong that Newton third law!
Category: Classical Physics

[195] viXra:1409.0031 [pdf] replaced on 2014-09-09 12:54:32

The Informational Model – Gravity

Authors: Sergey V. Shevchenko, Vladimir V. Tokarevsky
Comments: A little edition of V1 and + Russian translated version: Engl. Pages 1-12; Ru – 13-24

In a number of our arXiv papers it was rigorously shown that Matter in our Universe – and Universe as a whole - are some informational systems (structures), which exist as uninterruptedly transforming [practically] infinitesimal sub-sets of the absolutely infinite and fundamental set “Information”. The conception enables to suggest a reasonable physical (“informational”) model that is based on the conjecture that Matter is some analogue of computer (more correct – some analogue of a [huge] number of mutually weakly connected automata). The conjecture, in turn, allows introducing in the model the basic logical elements that constitute the material structures (e.g., particles) and support the informational exchange - i.e. the forces - between the structures. The model yet now makes clearer a number of basic problems in physics; and, besides, enables to put forward rather reasonable model of the gravity force. In this paper more detailed and corrected version of the model is presented.
Category: Classical Physics

[194] viXra:1408.0099 [pdf] replaced on 2014-08-19 07:21:08

Gravitational Potential Energy in Relation to the Action of a Photon

Authors: Alberto Coe
Comments: 3 Pages.

In this paper will describe a geometric way to relate on the one hand the gravitational potential energy between two masses separated by the distance light travels in one second and on the other hand the physical action developed by one photon at a particular frequency
Category: Classical Physics

[193] viXra:1408.0099 [pdf] replaced on 2014-08-17 08:09:30

Gravitational Potential Energy in Relation to the Action of a Photon

Authors: Alberto Coe
Comments: 3 Pages.

In this paper will describe a geometric way to relate on the one hand the gravitational potential energy between two masses separated by the distance light travels in one second and on the other hand the physical action developed by one photon at a particular frequency .
Category: Classical Physics

[192] viXra:1408.0074 [pdf] replaced on 2014-09-06 11:13:53

Circularly Polarized Light Causes Shear Stress

Authors: Radi I. Khrapko
Comments: 4 Pages. This is a submission to Annals of Physics. The rejection and my reply are bound

It is shown that, in defiance of the conventional point of view, circularly polarized light causes shear stress
Category: Classical Physics