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2015 - 1501(15) - 1502(21) - 1503(20) - 1504(10) - 1505(17) - 1506(13) - 1507(13)

Any replacements are listed further down

[656] **viXra:1507.0164 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-07-21 14:18:41*

**Authors:** Fu Yuhua

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

According to the new Newton's formula of gravity (the original law of gravity plus a correction term), i.e., improved Newton's formula of gravity, applying the methods of classical mechanics to solve the problem of advance of Mercury's perihelion and the problem of deflection of photon around the Sun respectively, and the results are the same as given by general relativity. Pointing out that the further topic is based on deriving original law of gravity and original Newton’s second law with law of conservation of energy to derive the new Newton's formula of gravity (the improved Newton's formula of gravity) with law of conservation of energy. To realize the purpose that partially replacing relativity and solving some problems that cannot be solved by relativity with the methods of classical mechanics.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[655] **viXra:1507.0160 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-07-21 09:33:57*

**Authors:** Radi I. Khrapko

**Comments:** 3 Pages. A submission to EJP

Examples are presented that geometrical images of generated electromagnetic fields are emitted by the geometrical images of the electromagnetic fields, which are the sources

**Category:** Classical Physics

[654] **viXra:1507.0146 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-07-19 09:41:12*

**Authors:** Solomon I. Khmelnik

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

It is proved that the power of conservative forces (including gravitational forces) performs work on closed trajectories of multiple body's motion, if these bodies are not rigidly connected and between them forces are acting, which depend on the speed of these bodies. A shortened version of this paper has been published in [1, 2] as an appendix.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[653] **viXra:1507.0134 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-07-17 07:23:59*

**Authors:** Solomon I. Khmelnik

**Comments:** 3 Pages. in Russian

It is proved that the source of conservative forces (and including gravitational forces) do work on a closed trajectories of many bodies motion, if these bodies are not rigidly connected and between them there are forces, which depend on the speed of these bodies. An abbreviated version of this article was published in [1, 2], as an application. \\ Доказывается, что источник консервативных сил (и, в том числе, гравитационных сил) совершает работу по замкнутым траекториям движения множества тел, если эти тела не связаны жестко и между ними действуют силы, зависящие от скорости движения этих тел. Сокращенный вариант этой статьи был опубликован в [1, 2], как приложение.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[652] **viXra:1507.0113 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-07-15 06:42:16*

**Authors:** Solomon I. Khmelnik

**Comments:** 9 Pages. in Russian

It is noted that certain of the causes of ocean currents in poor agreement with the existence of closed trajectories of the flow and a stable configuration and cross section shape of flow. Mathematical model of ocean currents using equations gravitomagnetism proposed. It is shown that this model explains the existence of the internal mass forces for creating flow and forces that ensure stability of the configuration and shape of the cross section of flow. \\ Отмечается, что принятые представления о причинах океанских течений плохо согласуются с существованием замкнутых траекторий течения и устойчивостью конфигурации и формы сечения траекторий течения. Строится математическая модель океанских течений с использованием уравнений гравитомагнетизма. Показывается, что эта модель объясняет существование внутренних массовых сил, создающих течение, и сил, которые обеспечивают устойчивость конфигурации и формы сечения струи.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[651] **viXra:1507.0106 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-07-14 11:28:15*

**Authors:** V. V. Dvoeglazov

**Comments:** 2 Pages. http://redshift.vif.com/JournalFiles/V20NO1PDF/HORS-14-DVO.pdf

I show that Bruhn’s criticism of my article is based on misunderstandings on his part. Most of the criticisms of the Evans articles were given first in my works and in private communications to them.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[650] **viXra:1507.0105 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-07-14 11:31:34*

**Authors:** Valeri V. Dvoeglazov

**Comments:** 19 Pages. http://redshift.vif.com/JournalFiles/Pre2001/V05NO1PDF/v05n1dv1.PDF

Quantum electrodynamics is the well-accepted theory. However, we feel it is useful
to look at formalisms that provide alternative ways to describe light, because in the
recent years the development of quantum field theories based primarily on the gauge
principle has encountered considerable difficulties. There is a wide variety of generalized
theories, and they are characterized mainly by the introduction of additional
parameters and/or longitudinal modes of electromagnetism. The MajoranaOppenheimer
form of electrodynamics, the Sachs theory of Elementary Matter, the
analysis of the action-at-a-distance concept, presented recently by Chubykalo and
Smirnov-Rueda, and the analysis of the claimed ‘longitudinality’ of the antisymmetric
tensor field after quantization are reviewed in this essay. We also list recent advances
in the Weinberg 2(2J + 1) formalism (which is built on First Principles) and
in the Majorana theory of neutral particles. These may serve as starting points for
constructing a quantum theory of light.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[649] **viXra:1507.0104 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-07-14 11:42:53*

**Authors:** Valeri V. Dvoeglazov

**Comments:** 3 Pages. http://redshift.vif.com/JournalFiles/Pre2001/V04NO2PDF/V04N2DVO.PDF

On the basis of ordinary mathematical methods we discuss new classes of solutions of the Maxwell’s
equations discovered in papers by D. Ahluwalia, M. Evans and H. Múnera et al.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[648] **viXra:1507.0102 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-07-14 11:53:15*

**Authors:** Valeri V. Dvoeglazov

**Comments:** 6 Pages. http://redshift.vif.com/JournalFiles/Pre2001/V06NO3PDF/V06N3dvo.pdf

It is proved that the necessary corrections in the Evans-Vigier modified electrodynamics invalidate the arguments given by E. Comay [CPL 261 (1996) 601] against this model. From the conceptual viewpoint the Evans/Comay discussions in several journals have created much confusion.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[647] **viXra:1507.0049 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-07-08 06:02:34*

**Authors:** Solomon I. Khmelnik

**Comments:** 8 Pages. in Russian

Unusual underwater fountain [1] considered. Its mathematical model constructed and it is shown that its shape can be explained by the existence of substantial largest gravitomagnetic forces (similar to Lorenz forces) and of gravitomagnetic energy flow (similar to electromagnetic energy flow). \\ Рассматривается необычный подводный фонтан [1]. Строится его математическая модель и показывается, что его форма может быть объяснена существованием значительных по величине гравитомагнитных сил (аналогичных силам Лоренца) и потока гравитомагнитной энергии (аналогичного потоку электромагнитной энергии).

**Category:** Classical Physics

[646] **viXra:1507.0025 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-07-04 21:02:55*

**Authors:** GuagSan Yu

**Comments:** 13 Pages.

The Newton third law by the proof been the wrong been the already, had experimenting of see the substantial evidence on the video , also have the proof of the preciseness treatise. Regard this as the basis to further get, be to the new proof of the Newton second law. New Newton three law, will become more accurate, more useful mechanics principle, guide the new mechanics system deduce and the establishes.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[645] **viXra:1507.0003 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-07-01 02:49:30*

**Authors:** Etkin V.A.

**Comments:** 5 Pages. in Russian

Discusses the principle and test results space engines that cravings creates due to directional microwave. Shows the inconsistency of allegations of violations of the momentum conservation law and performance of this idea

**Category:** Classical Physics

[644] **viXra:1506.0208 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-06-29 08:21:08*

**Authors:** Etkin V.A.

**Comments:** 13 Pages. in Russian

It is shown that from the standpoint of the wave theory of the structure of matter to be aired
regarded as "prematter" acquiring new properties
during its "condensation". Its specificity is discussed as a process structuring ether and marked with the opportunity to overcome a number of
the difficulties of theoretical physics

**Category:** Classical Physics

[643] **viXra:1506.0201 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-06-28 08:04:12*

**Authors:** Solomon I. Khmelnik

**Comments:** 9 Pages. in Russian

It is shown that the rotation of the water flowing into the funnel, or arising out of the pipe under the effect of gravity, it can be explained by the fact that there are significant largest gravity-magnetic forces. \\ Показывается, что вращение воды, втекающей в воронку, или вытекающей из трубы под действием силы тяжести, может быть объяснено существованием значительных по величине гравитомагнитных сил.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[642] **viXra:1506.0157 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-06-21 05:51:05*

**Authors:** Solomon I. Khmelnik

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

Recently, there appeared a mathematical model of oceanic whirlpools [1], which is almost identical to the models built for space black holes. The similarity between the whirlpools and black holes is found in the fact that an object that happened to be near these objects becomes involved in them and never returns. Such a distant analogy stresses (in our opinion) the fact that this mathematical model is very far from completion. In the presented paper the author attempts to build such a model. This model, as well as above mentioned one, has the same base – the relativity theory. However, the proposed model is more downlanded (or, if you want, water-landed), because in it we use the equations of hydrodynamics and the consequences of the theory of relativity, which are relevant only in the case of low Earth's gravity. Another question is also of interest – about the source of energy which enables the whirlpool to be spinning for a long time when surrounded by still waters. This issue becomes even more important due to the fact that the whirlpools (and not the Moon) are energy sources for the tide [2]. In [1] a source of energy whirlpools not analyzed. Below we show that this source is the Earth's gravitational field.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[641] **viXra:1506.0154 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-06-20 11:01:56*

**Authors:** Carl-Gustav Hedenby

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

I show how inertial forces in a rotating system and under equable, linear acceleration can be derived from the classical kinetic energy, and also make a review of my energy derivation.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[640] **viXra:1506.0115 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-06-15 04:16:22*

**Authors:** Vadim N. Matveev, Oleg V. Matvejev

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

The article simulates Twin Paradox by means of floating boats. The boats are fitted with a pendulum clock and instruments activated by signals generated by this clock (in time with this clock). The function of the clock pendulum is performed by a high-speed shuttle continuously moving along a vertical (relative to the boat) line between the boat and the bottom. The article demonstrates, that even if two boats are sailing side by side at a speed v relative to the water, then one of them halts, waits for a while and then catches up with the boat sailing ahead, the instruments on the non-inertial boat grew less "old" than on the inertial one.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[639] **viXra:1506.0093 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-06-12 08:13:54*

**Authors:** Fu Yuhua

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

According to the principle of the uniqueness of truth, this paper presents the New Newton Mechanics (NNM) taking law of conservation of energy as unique source law. Examples show that in some cases other laws may be contradicted with the law of conservation of energy. The original Newton's three laws and the law of gravity, in
principle can be derived by the law of conservation of energy. Through the example of free falling body, this paper derives the original Newton's second law and the original law of gravity by using the law of conservation of energy; and through the example of a small ball rolls along the inclined plane (belonging to the problem cannot be solved by general relativity that a body is forced to move in flat space), derives improved Newton's second law and improved law of gravity by using law of conservation of energy. Whether or not other conservation laws (such as the law of conservation of momentum and the law of conservation of angular momentum) can be utilized, should be tested by law of conservation of energy. When the original Newton's second law is not correct, then the laws of conservation of momentum and angular momentum are no longer correct; therefore the general forms of improved law of conservation of momentum and improved law of conservation of angular momentum are presented. In the cases that law
of conservation of energy cannot be used effectively, New Newton Mechanics will not exclude that according to other theories or accurate experiments to derive the laws or formulas to solve some specific problems. For example, with the help of the result of general relativity, the improved Newton's formula of universal gravitation can be derived, which can be used to solve the problem of advance of planetary perihelion and the problem of deflection of photon around the Sun. Again,
according to accurate experimental result, the synthesized gravitational formula (including the effects of other celestial bodies and sunlight
pressure) for the problem of deflection of photon around the Sun is presented. Unlike the original Newton Mechanics, in New Newton Mechanics, for different problems, may have different laws of motion, different formulas of gravity, as well as different expressions of energy.
For example, for the problem of a small ball rolls along the inclined plane,
and the problem of advance of planetary perihelion, the two formulas of
gravity are completely different.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[638] **viXra:1506.0090 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-06-11 15:57:04*

**Authors:** Solomon I. Khmelnik

**Comments:** 12 Pages. in Russian

Recently, there appeared a mathematical model of oceanic whirlpools [1], which is almost identical to the models built for space black holes. The similarity between the whirlpools and black holes is found in the fact that an object that happened to be near these objects becomes involved in them and never returns. Such a distant analogy stresses (in our opinion) the fact that this mathematical model is very far from completion. In the presented paper the author attempts to build such a model. This model, as well as above mentioned one, has the same base – the relativity theory. However, the proposed model is more downlanded (or, if you want, water-landed), because in it we use the equations of hydrodynamics and the consequences of the theory of relativity, which are relevant only in the case of low Earth's gravity. Another question is also of interest – about the source of energy which enables the whirlpool to be spinning for a long time when surrounded by still waters. This issue becomes even more important due to the fact that the whirlpools (and not the Moon) are energy sources for the tide [2]. In [1] a source of energy whirlpools not analyzed. Below we show that this source is the Earth's gravitational field. \\ Недавно появилась математическая модель океанических водоворотов [1], которая практически полностью совпадает с моделями, построенными для космических черных дыр. Сходство между водоворотами и черными дырами обнаруживается в том, что нечто, оказавшееся вблизи этих объектов, вовлекается в них и никогда не возвращается. Столь далекая аналогия подчеркивает (на наш взгляд), как далека от завершения математическая модель водоворотов. Ниже автор тоже предпринимает попытку построения такой модели. Предлагаемая модель, как и вышеупомянутая, строится на базе одной теории – теории относительности. Но предлагаемая модель более приземлена (или, если хотите, приводнена), поскольку используются также и уравнения гидродинамики, и следствия из теории относительности, выполняющиеся только в условиях слабого земного притяжения.
Интересен еще вопрос об источнике энергии, позволяющей водовороту длительное время вращаться в окружении неподвижных вод. Этот вопрос становится еще более важным в связи с тем, что именно водовороты (а не Луна) являются источниками энергии для приливов и отливов [2]. В [1] источник энергии водоворотов не анализируется. Ниже показывается, что этим источником является гравитационное поле Земли.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[637] **viXra:1506.0088 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-06-11 12:54:41*

**Authors:** G. A. Papadaniel, N. I. Yannopoulou, P. E. Zimourtopoulos

**Comments:** 18 Pages. FunkTechnikPlus # Journal, Issue 7 - Year 2, 31 May 2015, v1, 19-36, otoiser ftp#j --- Removed from arXiv by an impotent "moderator"

A planar Delta—Cross shaped loop antenna is proposed. The presentation includes results from an analytic study of the radiation pattern, as well as, from a simulation study for both the electric and radiation characteristics: input impedance, standing wave ratio, radiation pattern and directivity. The loop was initially shaped as 4 non-overlapping equilateral triangles on a plane, symmetrically oriented around a common vertex, center fed at one triangle base. In order to improve the antenna characteristics, its shape was then modified by equally changing the triangle base angle—while keeping the loop length constant and equal to 2 wavelengths WL. In this way, the final antenna loop was shaped with 4 isosceles triangles. The analytical and simulated results for the radiation pattern were found to be in good agreement. Furthermore, a comparison with antenna's dipole counterpart characteristics showed a much better performance of the proposed antenna.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[636] **viXra:1506.0074 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-06-09 07:08:06*

**Authors:** Emanuel Gluskin, Raul Rabinovici

**Comments:** 15 Pages. It is some basic electrical safety from the positions of elementary circuit theory; the argument should be useful for physics and EE students, engineers and teachers.

The concepts of "high power" and/or "heavy current" are defined from the positions of electrical safety in a power laboratory. According to this criterion, for the nominal full power of the device under test (generator, motor, or transformer), we obtain that , where Rgr is the resistance of the grounding, is the maximal voltage permitted for touching, and is the range of the output voltage of the power device, associated with its non-ideality as a voltage source. Limiting one of the values Rgr, or Snom, for the other given, this formula defines what is "high power" for a given laboratory, and the concept of "heavy current" thus appears as a relative one, adjusted to the safety needs. This approach can be helpful in making the very important topic of electrical safety interesting for students and teachers.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[635] **viXra:1506.0059 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-06-07 09:50:01*

[634] **viXra:1506.0058 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-06-07 10:00:21*

[633] **viXra:1506.0057 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-06-07 10:15:32*

**Authors:** HuaZhi Dan

**Comments:** 1 Page.

Electromagnetic induction

**Category:** Classical Physics

[632] **viXra:1506.0056 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-06-07 11:38:34*

**Authors:** Fran De Aquino

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

Here we show a new process for producing artificial rain. A region of low pressure is produced in Earth’s troposphere, using gravity control. Then clouds are attracted to this region, and thus a bigger cloud can be formed. During the compression process of the cloud, water droplets become large drops through collision and coalescence, and consequently they acquire sufficient fall velocities to reach the ground as rainfall.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[631] **viXra:1505.0219 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-05-28 15:36:30*

**Authors:** Antonio A. Blatter

**Comments:** 19 Pages. Spanish

In relational mechanics, a new theory is presented, which is invariant under transformations between inertial and non-inertial reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without the necessity of introducing fictitious forces. Additionally, in this paper, all forces can obey or disobey Newton's third law.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[630] **viXra:1505.0216 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-05-28 12:44:44*

**Authors:** Antonio A. Blatter

**Comments:** 19 Pages. Spanish

In relational mechanics, a new theory is presented, which is invariant under transformations between inertial and non-inertial reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without the necessity of introducing fictitious forces. Additionally, in this paper, all forces must always obey Newton's third law.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[629] **viXra:1505.0168 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-05-23 14:19:05*

**Authors:** GuagSan Yu

**Comments:** 6 Pages. This paper is Chinese

The Newton third law has been beened wrong by the proof, have experimenting of see the substantial evidence of the video , also have the proof of the preciseness treatise. Regard this as the basis to further get of, be to the new proof of the Newton second law. New Newton three law, will become more accurate, more useful mechanics principle, guide the new mechanics system deduce and the establishes.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[628] **viXra:1505.0155 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-05-21 18:24:51*

**Authors:** Fu Yuhua

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

According to the principle of the uniqueness of truth, there should be only one truth, namely law of conservation of energy, in the area of Newton Mechanics. Through the example of free falling body, this paper derives the original Newton's second law and the original law of gravity respectively by using the law of conservation of energy.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[627] **viXra:1505.0140 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-05-19 15:51:10*

**Authors:** Claudio Piantanida

**Comments:** May 2015 - 83 pages - english.

This paper proposes a Galilean-invariant theory of electromagnetism, applicable at first order
in v/c, describing both instantaneous and propagative interactions.
To extend this theory to higher orders, definitions of universal time and proper time are
introduced. New transformations between reference frames are also suggested.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[626] **viXra:1505.0132 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-05-18 04:43:25*

**Authors:** Koen J. van Vlaenderen

**Comments:** 25 Pages.

The force law of Maxwell's classical electrodynamics does not agree with Newton's third law of motion (N3LM), in case of open circuit magnetostatics. Initially, a generalized magnetostatics theory is presented that includes two additional physical fields $B_\Phi$ and $B_l$, defined by scalar functions. The scalar magnetic field $B_l$ mediates a longitudinal Ampère force that balances the transverse Ampère force (aka the magnetic field force), such that the sum of the two forces agrees with N3LM for all stationary current distributions. Secondary field induction laws are derived; a secondary curl free electric field $\E_l$ is induced by a time varying scalar magnetic field $B_l$, which isn't described by Maxwell's electrodynamics. The Helmholtz' decomposition is applied to exclude $\E_l$ from the total electric field $\E$, resulting into a more simple Maxwell theory. Decoupled inhomogeneous potential equations and its solutions follow directly from this theory, without having to apply a gauge condition. Field expressions are derived from the potential functions that are simpler and far field consistent with respect to the Jefimenko fields. However, our simple version of Maxwell's theory does not satisfy N3LM. Therefore we combine the generalized magnetostatics with the simple version of Maxwell's electrodynamics, via the generalization of Maxwell's speculative displacement current. The resulting electrodynamics describes three types of vacuum waves: the $\Phi$ wave, the longitudinal electromagnetic (LEM) wave and the transverse electromagnetic (TEM) wave, with phase velocities respectively a, b and c. Power- and force theorems are derived, and the force law agrees with Newton's third law only if the phase velocities satisfy the following condition: a>>b and b=c. The retarded potential functions can be found without gauge conditions, and four retarded field expressions are derived that have three near field terms and six far field terms. All six far field terms are explained as the mutual induction of two free fields. Our theory supports Rutherford's solution of the 4/3 problem of electromagnetic mass, which requires an extra longitudinal electromagnetic momentum. Our generalized classical electrodynamics might spawn new physics experiments and electrical engineering, such as new photoelectric effects based on $\Phi$- or LEM radiation, and the conversion of natural $\Phi$- or LEM radiation into useful electricity, in the footsteps of Nikola Tesla and T.Henry Moray.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[625] **viXra:1505.0127 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-05-17 22:54:27*

**Authors:** Agustín A. Tobla

**Comments:** 1 Page.

In classical mechanics, this paper presents the definitions and the relations of the linear, radial and scalar magnitudes of a pair of particles ij.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[624] **viXra:1505.0126 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-05-17 11:07:48*

**Authors:** Vadim N. Matveev, Oleg V. Matvejev

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

The paper discusses a method of measuring the one-way speed of light based on the use of a rigid rod freely rotating around its axis. The authors analyze the conditions related to phase correlation and synchronism of rotation of the rod ends in the reference frame wherein its axial velocity is zero and in the reference frames wherein it moves at a high axial velocity. The anticipated results of the experiment within special relativity and Lorentz ether theory are also considered.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[623] **viXra:1505.0123 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-05-17 05:57:11*

**Authors:** Vadim N. Matveev, Oleg V. Matvejev

**Comments:** 14 Pages.

Here the so-called Bell’s accelerating rockets paradox is examined. The non-relativistic models of Bell's effect are presented, where likewise the theory of special relativity the proper distance between two rockets following one another is increased them being accelerated on identical programmes. It becomes clear that the proper distance increase is determined by Einstein’s simultaneity of the moments of the start of the programmes execution on the rockets. It is also shown that Einstein’s relative simultaneity does not ensure reversibility of the proper distance between the rockets upon their joint return to their initial state. The reversibility is only achieved by the introduction of the preferred reference frame (not necessarily absolute!) and of the universal time in all inertial reference frames.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[622] **viXra:1505.0103 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-05-13 11:00:46*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 15 Pages.

As an elementary particle, the electron cannot be broken down into smaller particles, at least as far as is currently known. However, in a phenomenon called electron fractionalization, in certain materials an electron can be broken down into smaller "charge pulses," each of which carries a fraction of the electron's charge. Although electron fractionalization has many interesting implications, its origins are not well understood. [9]
New ideas for interactions and particles: This paper examines the possibility to origin the Spontaneously Broken Symmetries from the Planck Distribution Law. This way we get a Unification of the Strong, Electromagnetic, and Weak Interactions from the interference occurrences of oscillators. Understanding that the relativistic mass change is the result of the magnetic induction we arrive to the conclusion that the Gravitational Force is also based on the electromagnetic forces, getting a Unified Relativistic Quantum Theory of all 4 Interactions.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[621] **viXra:1505.0100 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-05-13 07:34:25*

**Authors:** Solomon I. Khmelnik

**Comments:** 9 Pages. in Russian

Mathematical model of a tsunami similar to mathematical models and sandy vortex soliton [1, 2, 3] proposed. The reasons of stability and vertical motion цунами considered.\\ Предлагается математическая модель цунами, аналогичная математическим моделям песчаного вихря и солитона [1, 2, 3]. Рассматриваются причины вертикальной устойчивости и движения цунами.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[620] **viXra:1505.0087 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-05-11 10:36:06*

**Authors:** Solomon I. Khmelnik

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

The question of the source of energy in a dust whirl is considered. Atmospheric conditions cannot be the sole source of energy, as such dust whirls exist on Mars, where the atmosphere is absent. Here we show that the source of energy for the dust whirl is the energy of the gravitational field. We present a mathematical model of the sand vortex, which uses a system of Maxwell-like gravitational equations. The model explains some of the properties of the dust whirl – preservation of cylindrical vertical shape of the dust whirl, motion of the dust whirl as a whole.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[619] **viXra:1505.0063 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-05-08 01:29:38*

**Authors:** Zhiqiang Zhang

**Comments:** 23 Pages.

This is one of my original works in physics to present periodic table of physical elements which is invented with help of rule of STC , rule of STV and SI units system.
All of physical realities designated by physical units possess an common nature of space time structure that can be exclusively described by space time configuration (STC) and space time value (STV). Any physical reality bearing such kind of common nature is called as physical element , such as, space element, time element, mass element, energy element, momentum element, angular moment element, electric quantity element, magnetic moment element, temperature element, mol element and so on.
By STC and STV, all of physical elements known and unknown or unidentified have been counted statistically and summarized in form of tables entitled Periodic table of physical elements , abbreviated PTPE.
PTPE is consists of 13 tables, among which the 13th table is irregular coefficient ones, while other 12 tables are regular coefficient ones. For regular coefficient tables , each of them contains 36 physical elements , and each of 36 physical elements exhibits by its space time configuration , space time value , name of physical unit, its sign in physics and serial No. in PTPE.
More then 400 physical elements in total showcase in such way in this PTPE.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[618] **viXra:1505.0060 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-05-07 04:30:51*

**Authors:** Solomon I. Khmelnik

**Comments:** 7 Pages. in Russian

It is shown that water soliton, being "ancestor" theory of solitons, drops out of the mathematical model of wave solitons. So below is describes non-wave mathematical model, is describes the flows of matter and energy in the water soliton, is detected energy source, is explained the reasons for its shape and stability of shape and motion of a soliton in general. This model is completely analogous to the mathematical model of the dust whirl [1]. \\ Показывается, что водный солитон, будучи "родоначальником" теории солитонов, выпадает из волновой математической модели солитонов. Поэтому ниже рассматривается неволновая математическая модель, рассматриваются потоки вещества и энергии внутри водного солитона, выявляется источник энергии, объясняются его форма и причины устойчивости формы и движения солитона в целом. Эта модель полностью аналогична математической модели песчаного вихря [1].

**Category:** Classical Physics

[617] **viXra:1505.0057 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-05-06 16:06:19*

**Authors:** Chris O'Loughlin

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

Newton’s Laws of Motion (NLM) represent one of the most significant achievements in the history of science. That said, they are not without their problems. Firstly, NLM treat gravitational motion as if it is caused by a force, which as Einstein discovered, is not true. Secondly, NLM define force in terms of the acceleration a mass undergoes. However, different observers are free to employ different coordinate systems which can result in the measurement of different accelerations. This in turn can result in different observers concluding that different aggregate forces are in action when it must be true that only one aggregate force is in action. The good news is that by incorporating the fact that gravitational acceleration is not caused by a force into a slightly modified version of NLM we can eliminate these problems, and in the process derive a new perspective on the concept of inertia.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[616] **viXra:1505.0054 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-05-06 13:27:05*

**Authors:** Solomon I. Khmelnik

**Comments:** 11 Pages. in Russian

Mathematical model of dust whirl presented in [1], supplemented by the inclusion in the model of mass current, which occurs due to air resistance and inertia grains. Augmented model can explain the cause of vortex motion and argued that there is a positive feedback between the speed of the vortex and its mechanical momentum.\\ Математическая модель песчаного вихря, представленная в [1], дополняется за счет включения в модель массового тока, который появляется из-за сопротивления воздуха и инерция песчинок. Дополненная модель позволяет объяснить причину движения вихря и утверждать, что существует положительная обратная связь между скоростью движения вихря и его механическим импульсом: импульс увеличивается с увеличением скорости и, начав движение, вихрь разгоняется.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[615] **viXra:1504.0210 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-04-27 05:20:40*

**Authors:** Fu Yuhua

**Comments:** 19 Pages.

According to the principle of the uniqueness of truth, this paper presents the New Newton Mechanics (NNM) taking law of conservation of energy as unique source law. Examples show that in some cases other laws may be contradicted with the law of conservation of energy. The original Newton's three laws and the law of gravity, in principle can be derived by the law of conservation of energy. Through the example of free falling body, this paper derives the original Newton's second law and the original law of gravity by using the law of conservation of energy; and through the example of a small ball rolls along the inclined plane (belonging to the problem cannot be solved by general relativity that a body is forced to move in flat space), derives improved Newton's second law and improved law of gravity by using law of conservation of energy. Whether or not other conservation laws (such as the law of conservation of momentum and the law of conservation of angular momentum) can be utilized, should be tested by law of conservation of energy. When the original Newton's second law is not correct, then the laws of conservation of momentum and angular momentum are no longer correct; therefore the general forms of improved law of conservation of momentum and improved law of conservation of angular momentum are presented. In the cases that law of conservation of energy cannot be used effectively, New Newton Mechanics will not exclude that according to other theories or accurate experiments to derive the laws or formulas to solve some specific problems. For example, with the help of the result of general relativity, the improved Newton's formula of universal gravitation can be derived, which can be used to solve the problem of advance of planetary perihelion and the problem of deflection of photon around the Sun. Again, according to accurate experimental result, the synthesized gravitational formula (including the effects of other celestial bodies and sunlight pressure) for the problem of deflection of photon around the Sun is presented. Unlike the original Newton Mechanics, in New Newton Mechanics, for different problems, may have different laws of motion, different formulas of gravity, as well as different expressions of energy. For example, for the problem of a small ball rolls along the inclined plane, and the problem of advance of planetary perihelion, the two formulas of gravity are completely different.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[614] **viXra:1504.0205 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-04-26 10:08:56*

**Authors:** Hasmukh K. Tank

**Comments:** Two-page letter

It is proposed here that our subjective experience of ‘consciousness’ and ‘mind’ seem to be related to the combined electrostatic field of the whole brain; produced due to compact packaging of electrically-charged neurons. Our subjective experience of ‘consciousness’ may get intensified if the potential-difference between the cell-walls of neurons can be increased from 70 milli Volts, to say, 80 milli Volts. And one may loose the subjective experience of ‘mind’ if the dense packaging of neurons is loosen, by diluting the brain in some liquid, and spreading the network in a larger volume; though the brain may continue to respond to the stimuli, like a machine.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[613] **viXra:1504.0185 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-04-23 14:37:58*

**Authors:** John R. Cipolla

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

A series of computational fluid dynamic (CFD) analysis and experiment is discussed that probes the interaction between multiple shock waves and the adjacent boundary layer at high supersonic speed. For a cone-cylinder-flare configuration the viscous boundary layer and its interaction with the outer flow field is computationally determined and then compared to an experimental technique using holographic interferometry. Ultimately, the base flow region of a projectile can be modeled using CFD and its results compared to experimental interferometric data during the validation stage of code development.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[612] **viXra:1504.0170 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-04-21 15:17:26*

**Authors:** Solomon I. Khmelnik

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

Consider the structure of the wire with constant current.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[611] **viXra:1504.0169 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-04-21 15:21:19*

**Authors:** Solomon I. Khmelnik

**Comments:** 10 Pages. in Russian

The question about the source of energy in the dust whirl considered. Atmospheric conditions can not be the sole source of energy, such as dust whirls exist on Mars, where no atmosphere. Below we show that the source of energy for the dust whirl is the energy of the gravitational field. A mathematical model of the dust whirl, which uses a system of Maxwell-like gravitational equations, is proposed. Explains some of the properties of the dust whirl - saving vertical cylindrical shape of the dust whirl, its fluctuations, chaotic trajectory of motion of the dust whirl as a whole, the expansion of the body of the dust whirl. \\ Рассматривается вопрос об источнике энергии в песчаном вихре. Атмосферные явления не могут быть единственным источником энергии, поскольку такие вихри существуют и на Марсе, где атмосфера отсутствует. Ниже показывается, что источником энергии для песчаного вихря является энергия гравитационного поля. Предлагается математическая модель песчаного вихря, в которой используется система максвеллоподобных уравнений гравитации. Объясняются некоторые свойства песчаного вихря - сохранение цилиндрической вертикальной формы вихря, его колебания, хаотическую траекторию движения вихря в целом, расширение тела вихря.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[610] **viXra:1504.0128 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-04-16 05:04:10*

**Authors:** Hervé Le Cornec

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

Any mobile having a velocity which is the addition of a rotation velocity and a translation velocity, both with a constant modulus, will follow a trajectory that respects the three laws of Kepler. This article demonstrate this theorem and discuss it. An important result is to forecast the mathematical structure of the Newton's acceleration of attraction, not any more as a prior, but as a consequence, the subsequent centripetal acceleration due to the rotation velocity.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[609] **viXra:1504.0094 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-04-12 07:22:42*

**Authors:** Alberto Coe

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

A numerical essay concerning to the geometry of the Universe and the evolution over time .

**Category:** Classical Physics

[608] **viXra:1504.0090 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-04-11 10:36:34*

**Authors:** Tobias Richter

**Comments:** 4 Pages. It 's just an idea

It is a new view , to the world

**Category:** Classical Physics

[607] **viXra:1504.0088 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-04-11 08:32:04*

**Authors:** Solomon I. Khmelnik

**Comments:** 12 Pages. in Russian

It is assumed that the existence of a tornado depends on set internal lightning.
Developed a mathematical model of a tornado, showing the structure of the electromagnetic field and electrocution in a tornado. Next is shown (as a consequence of this model) that in a tornado can circulate flow of electromagnetic energy and thus can save energy obtained tornado from electric discharges. Shows the cause of the stability of the shape and the vertical position of a tornado, and the reasons for the motion, vibrations and expansion of a tornado. \\ Предполагается, что существование торнадо обеспечивается множеством внутренних молний. Строится математическая модель торнадо, показывается структура электромагнитного поля и электротоков в торнадо. Далее показывается (как следствие этой модели), что в торнадо может циркулировать поток электромагнитной энергии и таким образом может сохраняться энергия, полученная торнадо при электрических разрядах. Показываются причины устойчивости формы и вертикального положения торнадо, а также причины движения, колебания и расширения торнадо.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[606] **viXra:1504.0061 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-04-08 14:29:05*

**Authors:** Solomon I. Khmelnik

**Comments:** 8 Pages. in Russian

Describes the structure of the flow of electromagnetic energy in the wire with constant current. It is shown that there is a flow directed radially towards the center of the wire; is a flow circulating around the circumference of the wire; is a flow directed along wires in the main current direction. No flow which is directed from the outside to a lateral surface of the wire. // Рассматривается структура потоков электромагнитной энергии в проводе, по которому идет постоянный ток. Показывается, что существует поток, направленный по радиусу к центру провода; поток, циркулирующий по окружности сечения провода; поток, направленный вдоль провода в направлении основного тока. Поток, направленный извне в боковую поверхность провода, отсутствует.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[605] **viXra:1503.0271 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-03-31 17:50:28*

**Authors:** Alexander Bolonkin, Shmuel Neumann, Joseph Friedlander, Zarek Newman

**Comments:** 15 Pages.

Pioneering the development of dome technology, the authors have devised an algae dome where the algae are grown between the walls of two transparent domes, one inside the other, with only 10 cm between the outer and inner walls. These domes are inflatable and are held up only by air pressure. Circulating water in the 10 cm between the outer and inner dome is the breeding ground for the algae. It has the advantage of the bioreactors as it is insulated from outside contaminants but is inexpensive and has more area exposed than the breeding pond. Further, inside the dome, the floor space of the dome can be a shielded pond increasing the algae crop yield or can be used as a greenhouse.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[604] **viXra:1503.0265 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-03-31 05:14:59*

**Authors:** José Francisco García Juliá

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

In this note, it is showed that a black hole can be formed, but also to come undone.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[603] **viXra:1503.0241 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-03-29 10:50:34*

**Authors:** Solomon I. Khmelnik

**Comments:** 12 Pages. in Russian

Consider the structure of the wire with constant current \\ Рассматривается структура постоянного тока в проводе

**Category:** Classical Physics

[602] **viXra:1503.0204 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-03-26 23:03:36*

**Authors:** Sascha Vongehr

**Comments:** 13 Pages. 4 figures

This work is suppressed since 2010 and led to established scientists to be banned on the arXiv. We thank viXra for making critical work like this still available to relatively uncorrupted parts of the scientific community. We define a mechanical analog to the electrical basic circuit element M = dφ/dQ, the ideal mechanical memristance M = dp/dx, p being momentum. A never before described mechanical memory resistor M(x) is independent of velocity v and has a pinched hysteretic loop that collapses at high frequency in the v versus p plot: a perfect memristor. However, its memristance does not crucially involve inert mass, and the mechanical system helps clarifying that memristor devices hypothesized on grounds of physical symmetries require more. The missing mechanical perfect memristor needs to be crucially mass-involving (MI) precisely like the 1971 implied memristor device needs magnetism. Discussing novel MI memristive systems clarifies why such perfect MI memristors and EM memristors have not been discovered and may be impossible.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[601] **viXra:1503.0195 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-03-26 08:24:14*

**Authors:** Christina Munns

**Comments:** 9 Pages. All rights reserved Copyright 2013

ABSTRACT
The aim of this paper is to explain the mechanism of how light both bends and curves and to discuss these findings in the light of current understanding of the properties of a gravitational field. This paper explains how gravity does not commute with the phenomenon of light since the gravitational force is a conserved vector field and is path independent. Also gravity is irrotational and thus has zero curl and so could not cause light to curve.. The essential argument of this paper is that the bending of light arises as a result of a difference in the refractive index between two identical reference frames travelling at different velocities and that the curvature of light arises as a direct result of the rotational symmetry of time which is intrinsic to the phenomenon of acceleration. Therefore the deviation of light from its path is not due to the presence of the gravitational field as expressed in Einstein’s Theory of General Relativity but is instead due to the CP violating and distorting effect of the phenomenon of time which is intrinsic to all material states.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[600] **viXra:1503.0175 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-03-23 13:26:55*

**Authors:** Vigneswaran Ramamoorthy

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

This paper’s purpose is to show the effectiveness of an approach to formulate and understand
the dynamics of an observable phenomenon through Newtonian mechanics. The approach starts
by taking a simpler analogue of the problem we need to understand, and solving both the simpler
and the real case simultaneously. Then, I have split the real case into two independent cases.
The major part of the paper will be concentrated on demonstrating that the approach I choose
is effective in comprehending the dynamics of the phenomenon. The problem I have considered
is, in a circus, a co-worker saves a person who falls down during a rehearsal by dashing him in
the horizontal direction, from a few feet above the ground. In the rest of the paper, for ease, I
will be calling the person who saved as rescuer and the person who is being saved as casualty.
The analysis of the problem is based on the assumptions that the collision between the rescuer
and the casualty is an inelastic collision and after the total mass of rescuer and casualty come
in the contact with the ground, it remains stationary.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[599] **viXra:1503.0168 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-03-23 07:07:00*

**Authors:** Mourici Shachter

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

I paid attention that when I seat in a bus just behind the second door , very near to the window. I see my face image magnified.
And I ask for a detailed explanation to this phenomena
Atached pictures explain the ghost problem

**Category:** Classical Physics

[598] **viXra:1503.0164 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-03-23 04:48:25*

**Authors:** Hans-joerg Hochecker

**Comments:** 39 Pages.

At first, I regard magnetism. I can show that the magnetic force is an electric angle-effect by establishing two postulates: the dependence of the electric force on the velocity, and the existence of the anti-field. With the help of a third postulate, this is the quantization of the energy-transfer of the electric field, I then show that gravitation is also an electric effect. So, the three postulates describe three qualities of the electric field by which magnetism and gravitation can be derived. I finally carry out quantum-mechanical considerations at which the three postulates will be excellently confirmed. For the correct classification of this work I must mention that the theory of special relativity is absolutely considered as being correct and that it is an important and necessary component of this work.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[597] **viXra:1503.0162 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-03-21 17:32:35*

**Authors:** Ionel DINU, M.Sc.

**Comments:** 3 Pages. A Rapid Communication supplementing the article Radio Waves – Part III The Photoelectric Effect

Abstract
This short communication is a supplement to the article Radio Waves – Part III The Photoelectric Effect in which I advanced the hypothesis that the photoelectric effect can be explained as an effect of electromagnetic induction occurring at the surface of the illuminated metal.
A striking support for the validity of this hypothesis has been discovered recently by the present author in the quantization of the magnetic flux observed experimentally more than 50 years ago.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[596] **viXra:1503.0153 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-03-19 05:41:16*

**Authors:** Anamitra Palit

**Comments:** 18 Pages.

Three body motion or many body motion in relation to gravitation and other types of interaction has always occupied an enviable position in the history of physics in view of its complexity especially in comparison with the simpler two body motion. The challenge offered by these problems have been a continuous source of inspiration for mathematicians and physicists to work out solutions. This article is a modest endeavor to analyze and solve the problem as far possible .A method for solving the four body and in general the many body problem has been discussed. Certain peculiarities of the two body motion have been pointed out highlighting them in connection with three body motion and with many body motion.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[595] **viXra:1503.0127 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-03-16 02:40:47*

**Authors:** Sergey G. Fedosin

**Comments:** 30 Pages.

The formula for the gravitational force inside a spherical body is derived, as well as for the Newtonian force of attraction between bodies from the standpoint of the gravitons’ model. The parameters of the graviton field are estimated, including its energy density, energy flux and the cross section of interaction with matter. The equation is derived, from which it follows that the body mass is proportional to the power of radiation energy of the body from those of gravitons that interacted with the matter and gave their momentum to the body. The conclusion is made based on the theory of infinite nesting of matter that gravitons are generated at all matter levels by the densest objects such as nucleons and neutron stars.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[594] **viXra:1503.0126 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-03-16 02:51:50*

**Authors:** Sergey G. Fedosin

**Comments:** 48 Pages.

The formula is derived for the electric force inside a uniformly charged spherical body, as well as for the Coulomb force between the charged bodies from the standpoint of the model of the vacuum field with charged particles. The parameters of the fluxes of charged particles are estimated, including the energy density, energy flux and cross section of interaction with the charged matter. The interaction cross section is almost exactly equal to the geometric cross section of nucleons and becomes equal to the cross section of interaction of gravitons with the matter, if it is assumed that the ratio of the energy density of graviton fluxes to the energy density of the charged particles in the vacuum field is equal to the ratio of masses of the proton and the electron. In this case, the energy density of gravitons in the Le Sage’s gravitation model is expressed in terms of the strong gravitational constant, which establishes connection between the ordinary gravitation at the level of stars and the strong gravitation at the atomic-nucleon level of matter. The relation is derived, which connects the body charge and the rate of emission from the body of the charged particles of the vacuum field, which interacted with the matter and transferred their momentum to the body. The charge to mass ratio is determined for the charged particles that make up photons and the charged component of the gravitational field. These particles are identified as praons, while the praon level of matter is considered a lower level relative to the nucleon level of matter. Praons are related to nucleons the same way as nucleons are related to neutron stars. Based on the theory of infinite nesting of matter a conclusion is made that the charged particles of the vacuum field are generated at all levels of matter by the densest objects, such as nucleons and neutron stars.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[302] **viXra:1507.0048 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-07-18 17:20:52*

**Authors:** Fran De Aquino

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

A system for generating intense fluxes (>>1 W.m-2) of extremely-low frequency (ELF) radiation, in the range of about 1Hz, is described in this work. It is based on the generation process of cyclotron radiation, and can be used in the research of biological effects of the ELF radiation and also in the therapies that use ELF radiation.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[301] **viXra:1507.0025 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-07-08 21:02:36*

**Authors:** GuagSan Yu

**Comments:** 13 Pages.

The Newton third law by the proof been the wrong been the already, had experimenting of see the substantial evidence on the video , also have the proof of the preciseness treatise. Regard this as the basis to further get, be to the new proof of the Newton second law. New Newton three law, will become more accurate, more useful mechanics principle, guide the new mechanics system deduce and the establishes.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[300] **viXra:1506.0201 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-07-06 04:30:07*

**Authors:** Solomon I. Khmelnik

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

It is shown that the rotation of the water flowing into the funnel, or arising out of the pipe under the effect of gravity, it can be explained by the fact that there are significant largest gravity-magnetic forces. \\ Показывается, что вращение воды, втекающей в воронку, или вытекающей из трубы под действием силы тяжести, может быть объяснено существованием значительных по величине гравитомагнитных сил.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[299] **viXra:1506.0201 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-07-01 13:42:58*

**Authors:** Solomon I. Khmelnik

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

It is shown that the rotation of the water flowing into the funnel, or arising out of the pipe under the effect of gravity, it can be explained by the fact that there are significant largest gravity-magnetic forces. \\ Показывается, что вращение воды, втекающей в воронку, или вытекающей из трубы под действием силы тяжести, может быть объяснено существованием значительных по величине гравитомагнитных сил.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[298] **viXra:1506.0090 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-07-28 05:54:27*

**Authors:** Solomon I. Khmelnik

**Comments:** 15 Pages.

Recently, there appeared a mathematical model of oceanic whirlpools [1], which is almost identical to the models built for space black holes. The similarity between the whirlpools and black holes is found in the fact that an object that happened to be near these objects becomes involved in them and never returns. Such a distant analogy stresses (in our opinion) the fact that this mathematical model is very far from completion. In the presented paper the author attempts to build such a model. This model, as well as above mentioned one, has the same base – the relativity theory. However, the proposed model is more downlanded (or, if you want, water-landed), because in it we use the equations of hydrodynamics and the consequences of the theory of relativity, which are relevant only in the case of low Earth's gravity. Another question is also of interest – about the source of energy which enables the whirlpool to be spinning for a long time when surrounded by still waters. This issue becomes even more important due to the fact that the whirlpools (and not the Moon) are energy sources for the tide [2]. In [1] a source of energy whirlpools not analyzed. Below we show that this source is the Earth's gravitational field. \\ Недавно появилась математическая модель океанических водоворотов [1], которая практически полностью совпадает с моделями, построенными для космических черных дыр. Сходство между водоворотами и черными дырами обнаруживается в том, что нечто, оказавшееся вблизи этих объектов, вовлекается в них и никогда не возвращается. Столь далекая аналогия подчеркивает (на наш взгляд), как далека от завершения математическая модель водоворотов. Ниже автор тоже предпринимает попытку построения такой модели. Предлагаемая модель, как и вышеупомянутая, строится на базе одной теории – теории относительности. Но предлагаемая модель более приземлена (или, если хотите, приводнена), поскольку используются также и уравнения гидродинамики, и следствия из теории относительности, выполняющиеся только в условиях слабого земного притяжения.
Интересен еще вопрос об источнике энергии, позволяющей водовороту длительное время вращаться в окружении неподвижных вод. Этот вопрос становится еще более важным в связи с тем, что именно водовороты (а не Луна) являются источниками энергии для приливов и отливов [2]. В [1] источник энергии водоворотов не анализируется. Ниже показывается, что этим источником является гравитационное поле Земли.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[297] **viXra:1506.0090 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-06-14 06:27:58*

**Authors:** Solomon I. Khmelnik

**Comments:** 13 Pages.

Recently, there appeared a mathematical model of oceanic whirlpools [1], which is almost identical to the models built for space black holes. The similarity between the whirlpools and black holes is found in the fact that an object that happened to be near these objects becomes involved in them and never returns. Such a distant analogy stresses (in our opinion) the fact that this mathematical model is very far from completion. In the presented paper the author attempts to build such a model. This model, as well as above mentioned one, has the same base – the relativity theory. However, the proposed model is more downlanded (or, if you want, water-landed), because in it we use the equations of hydrodynamics and the consequences of the theory of relativity, which are relevant only in the case of low Earth's gravity. Another question is also of interest – about the source of energy which enables the whirlpool to be spinning for a long time when surrounded by still waters. This issue becomes even more important due to the fact that the whirlpools (and not the Moon) are energy sources for the tide [2]. In [1] a source of energy whirlpools not analyzed. Below we show that this source is the Earth's gravitational field. \\ Недавно появилась математическая модель океанических водоворотов [1], которая практически полностью совпадает с моделями, построенными для космических черных дыр. Сходство между водоворотами и черными дырами обнаруживается в том, что нечто, оказавшееся вблизи этих объектов, вовлекается в них и никогда не возвращается. Столь далекая аналогия подчеркивает (на наш взгляд), как далека от завершения математическая модель водоворотов. Ниже автор тоже предпринимает попытку построения такой модели. Предлагаемая модель, как и вышеупомянутая, строится на базе одной теории – теории относительности. Но предлагаемая модель более приземлена (или, если хотите, приводнена), поскольку используются также и уравнения гидродинамики, и следствия из теории относительности, выполняющиеся только в условиях слабого земного притяжения.
Интересен еще вопрос об источнике энергии, позволяющей водовороту длительное время вращаться в окружении неподвижных вод. Этот вопрос становится еще более важным в связи с тем, что именно водовороты (а не Луна) являются источниками энергии для приливов и отливов [2]. В [1] источник энергии водоворотов не анализируется. Ниже показывается, что этим источником является гравитационное поле Земли.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[296] **viXra:1506.0074 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-06-09 13:33:11*

**Authors:** E.Gluskin, R.Rabinovici

**Comments:** 15 Pages. It is some basic electrical safety from the positions of elementary circuit theory; the argument should be useful for physics and EE students, engineers and teachers.

The concepts of "high power" and/or "heavy current" are defined from the positions of electrical safety in a power laboratory. According to this criterion, for the nominal full power of the device under test (generator, motor, or transformer), we obtain that , where Rgr is the resistance of the grounding, is the maximal voltage permitted for touching, and is the range of the output voltage of the power device, associated with its non-ideality as a voltage source. Limiting one of the values Rgr, or Snom, for the other given, this formula defines what is "high power" for a given laboratory, and the concept of "heavy current" thus appears as a relative one, adjusted to the safety needs. This approach can be helpful in making the very important topic of electrical safety interesting for students and teachers.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[295] **viXra:1506.0058 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-06-16 18:07:34*

[294] **viXra:1505.0219 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-07-03 07:53:56*

**Authors:** Antonio A. Blatter

**Comments:** 19 Pages. Version 5 in English

In relational mechanics, a new theory is presented, which is invariant under transformations between inertial and non-inertial reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without introducing fictitious forces. Additionally, in this paper, we assume that all forces can obey or disobey Newton's third law.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[293] **viXra:1505.0219 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-07-02 23:44:25*

**Authors:** Antonio A. Blatter

**Comments:** 19 Pages. Spanish

In relational mechanics, a new theory is presented, which is invariant under transformations between inertial and non-inertial reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without introducing fictitious forces. Additionally, in this paper, we assume that all forces can obey or disobey Newton's third law.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[292] **viXra:1505.0219 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-06-28 08:52:38*

**Authors:** Antonio A. Blatter

**Comments:** 19 Pages. Version 3 in English

In relational mechanics, a new theory is presented, which is invariant under transformations between inertial and non-inertial reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without introducing fictitious forces. Additionally, in this paper, we assume that all forces can obey or disobey Newton's third law.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[291] **viXra:1505.0219 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-06-04 07:55:08*

**Authors:** Antonio A. Blatter

**Comments:** 19 Pages. Spanish

In relational mechanics, a new theory is presented, which is invariant under transformations between inertial and non-inertial reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without the necessity of introducing fictitious forces. Additionally, in this paper, all forces can obey or disobey Newton's third law.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[290] **viXra:1505.0216 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-06-28 08:50:08*

**Authors:** Antonio A. Blatter

**Comments:** 19 Pages. Version 3 in English

In relational mechanics, a new theory is presented, which is invariant under transformations between inertial and non-inertial reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without introducing fictitious forces. In addition to the above, in this paper, we assume that all forces always obey Newton's third law.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[289] **viXra:1505.0216 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-06-04 07:52:08*

**Authors:** Antonio A. Blatter

**Comments:** 19 Pages. Spanish

In relational mechanics, a new theory is presented, which is invariant under transformations between inertial and non-inertial reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without the necessity of introducing fictitious forces. Additionally, in this paper, all forces must always obey Newton's third law.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[288] **viXra:1505.0168 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-07-04 20:54:09*

**Authors:** GuagSan Yu

**Comments:** 10 Pages. This paper is Chinese

The Newton third law by the proof been the wrong been the already, had experimenting of see the substantial evidence on the video , also have the proof of the preciseness treatise. Regard this as the basis to further get, be to the new proof of the Newton second law. New Newton three law, will become more accurate, more useful mechanics principle, guide the new mechanics system deduce and the establishes.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[287] **viXra:1505.0168 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-06-05 21:18:07*

**Authors:** GuagSan Yu

**Comments:** 10 Pages. This paper is Chinese

**Category:** Classical Physics

[286] **viXra:1505.0168 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-06-02 23:14:14*

**Authors:** GuagSan Yu

**Comments:** 9 Pages. This paper is Chinese

**Category:** Classical Physics

[285] **viXra:1505.0168 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-05-27 06:17:44*

**Authors:** GuagSan Yu

**Comments:** 6 Pages. This paper is Chinese

The Newton third law has been beened wrong by the proof, have experimenting of see the substantial evidence of the video , also have the proof of the preciseness treatise. Regard this as the basis to further get of, be to the new proof of the Newton second law. New Newton three law, will become more accurate, more useful mechanics principle, guide
the new mechanics system deduce and the establishes.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[284] **viXra:1505.0126 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-05-20 03:41:50*

**Authors:** Vadim Matveev, Oleg Matvejev

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

The paper discusses a method of measuring the one-way speed of light based on the use of a rigid rod freely rotating around its axis. The authors analyze the conditions related to phase correlation and synchronism of rotation of the rod ends in the reference frame wherein its axial velocity is zero and in the reference frames wherein it moves at a high axial velocity. The anticipated results of the experiment within special relativity and Lorentz ether theory are also considered.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[283] **viXra:1505.0100 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-05-18 06:27:43*

**Authors:** Solomon I. Khmelnik

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

Mathematical model of a tsunami similar to mathematical models and sandy vortex soliton [1, 2, 3] proposed. The reasons of stability and vertical motion цунами considered.\\ Предлагается математическая модель цунами, аналогичная математическим моделям песчаного вихря и солитона [1, 2, 3]. Рассматриваются причины вертикальной устойчивости и движения цунами.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[282] **viXra:1505.0100 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-05-14 08:27:09*

**Authors:** Solomon I. Khmelnik

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

Mathematical model of a tsunami similar to mathematical models and sandy vortex soliton [1, 2, 3] proposed. The reasons of stability and vertical motion цунами considered.\\ Предлагается математическая модель цунами, аналогичная математическим моделям песчаного вихря и солитона [1, 2, 3]. Рассматриваются причины вертикальной устойчивости и движения цунами.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[281] **viXra:1505.0087 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-05-13 07:46:40*

**Authors:** Solomon I. Khmelnik

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

The question of the source of energy in a dust whirl is considered. Atmospheric conditions cannot be the sole source of energy, as such dust whirls exist on Mars, where the atmosphere is absent. Here we show that the source of energy for the dust whirl is the energy of the gravitational field. We present a mathematical model of the sand vortex, which uses a system of Maxwell-like gravitational equations. The model explains some of the properties of the dust whirl – preservation of cylindrical vertical shape of the dust whirl, motion of the dust whirl as a whole.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[280] **viXra:1505.0063 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-05-15 23:52:53*

**Authors:** Zhiqiang Zhang

**Comments:** 25 Pages.

This is one of my original works in physics specially to present periodic table of physical elements which is invented with help of rule of STC , rule of STV and SI units.
All of physical realities designated by physical units possess an common nature of space time structure that can be exclusively described by space time configuration(STC) and space time value (STV). Any physical reality bearing such kind of common nature is called as physical element , such as, space element, time element, mass element, energy element, momentum element, angular moment element, electric quantity element, magnetic moment element, temperature element, mol element and so on.
By rule of STC and rule of STV, all of physical elements known and unknown have been counted statistically and summarized in form of tables entitled Periodic Table of Physical Elements , abbreviated PTPE.
PTPE is consists of 13 tables, among which the 13th table is irregular coefficient ones, while other 12 tables are regular coefficient ones. For regular coefficient tables , each of them contains 36 physical elements , and each of 36 physical elements exhibits by its space time configuration , space time value , name of physical unit, its sign in SI units and serial No. in PTPE.
More then 400 physical elements in total showcase in such way in PTPE.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[279] **viXra:1505.0054 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-05-18 06:51:57*

**Authors:** Solomon I. Khmelnik

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

Mathematical model of dust whirl presented in [1], supplemented by the inclusion in the model of mass current, which occurs due to air resistance and inertia grains. Augmented model can explain the cause of vortex motion and argued that there is a positive feedback between the speed of the vortex and its mechanical momentum.\\ Математическая модель песчаного вихря, представленная в [1], дополняется за счет включения в модель массового тока, который появляется из-за сопротивления воздуха и инерция песчинок. Дополненная модель позволяет объяснить причину движения вихря и утверждать, что существует положительная обратная связь между скоростью движения вихря и его механическим импульсом: импульс увеличивается с увеличением скорости и, начав движение, вихрь разгоняется.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[278] **viXra:1505.0054 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-05-13 08:35:40*

**Authors:** Solomon I. Khmelnik

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

Mathematical model of dust whirl presented in [1], supplemented by the inclusion in the model of mass current, which occurs due to air resistance and inertia grains. Augmented model can explain the cause of vortex motion and argued that there is a positive feedback between the speed of the vortex and its mechanical momentum.\\ Математическая модель песчаного вихря, представленная в [1], дополняется за счет включения в модель массового тока, который появляется из-за сопротивления воздуха и инерция песчинок. Дополненная модель позволяет объяснить причину движения вихря и утверждать, что существует положительная обратная связь между скоростью движения вихря и его механическим импульсом: импульс увеличивается с увеличением скорости и, начав движение, вихрь разгоняется.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[277] **viXra:1505.0041 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-05-06 04:00:41*

**Authors:** Brian Coleman

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

Eastward and westward orbiting plane time dilation formulae which could be envisaged for Hafele & Keating’s 1971 equatorial clocks experiment (idealised), were incorrectly derived in the 2004 textbook Relativity in Rotating Frames, even though exact analytic expressions actually result directly from velocity composition. Moreover the same equations together yield the classic formula for Sagnac’s analogous 1913 experiment where interference fringe patterns from monochromatic light waves emitted in opposite directions around a rotating wheel, shifted in accordance with wheel direction and rate of rotation—an observation which has been misinterpreted by some to challenge special relativity theory.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[276] **viXra:1504.0170 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-05-13 09:20:01*

**Authors:** Solomon I. Khmelnik

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

Consider the structure of the wire with constant current.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[275] **viXra:1504.0169 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-05-13 10:22:44*

**Authors:** Solomon I. Khmelnik

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

The question of the source of energy in a dust whirl is considered. Atmospheric conditions cannot be the sole source of energy, as such dust whirls exist on Mars, where the atmosphere is absent. Here we show that the source of energy for the dust whirl is the energy of the gravitational field. We present a mathematical model of the sand vortex, which uses a system of Maxwell-like gravitational equations. The model explains some of the properties of the dust whirl – preservation of cylindrical vertical shape of the dust whirl, motion of the dust whirl as a whole. \\ Рассматривается вопрос об источнике энергии в песчаном вихре. Атмосферные явления не могут быть единственным источником энергии, поскольку такие вихри существуют и на Марсе, где атмосфера отсутствует. Ниже показывается, что источником энергии для песчаного вихря является энергия гравитационного поля. Предлагается математическая модель песчаного вихря, в которой используется система максвеллоподобных уравнений гравитации. Объясняются некоторые свойства песчаного вихря - сохранение цилиндрической вертикальной формы вихря, движение вихря в целом.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[274] **viXra:1504.0169 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-05-02 04:53:06*

**Authors:** Solomon I. Khmelnik

**Comments:** Pages.

The question of the source of energy in a dust whirl is considered. Atmospheric conditions cannot be the sole source of energy, as such dust whirls exist on Mars, where the atmosphere is absent. Here we show that the source of energy for the dust whirl is the energy of the gravitational field. We present a mathematical model of the sand vortex, which uses a system of Maxwell-like gravitational equations. The model explains some of the properties of the dust whirl – preservation of cylindrical vertical shape of the dust whirl, motion of the dust whirl as a whole. \\ Рассматривается вопрос об источнике энергии в песчаном вихре. Атмосферные явления не могут быть единственным источником энергии, поскольку такие вихри существуют и на Марсе, где атмосфера отсутствует. Ниже показывается, что источником энергии для песчаного вихря является энергия гравитационного поля. Предлагается математическая модель песчаного вихря, в которой используется система максвеллоподобных уравнений гравитации. Объясняются некоторые свойства песчаного вихря - сохранение цилиндрической вертикальной формы вихря, движение вихря в целом.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[273] **viXra:1504.0169 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-04-27 15:07:53*

**Authors:** Solomon I. Khmelnik

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

The question about the source of energy in the dust whirl considered. Atmospheric conditions can not be the sole source of energy, such as dust whirls exist on Mars, where no atmosphere. Below we show that the source of energy for the dust whirl is the energy of the gravitational field. A mathematical model of the dust whirl, which uses a system of Maxwell-like gravitational equations, is proposed. Explains some of the properties of the dust whirl - saving vertical cylindrical shape of the dust whirl, its fluctuations, chaotic trajectory of motion of the dust whirl as a whole, the expansion of the body of the dust whirl. \\ Рассматривается вопрос об источнике энергии в песчаном вихре. Атмосферные явления не могут быть единственным источником энергии, поскольку такие вихри существуют и на Марсе, где атмосфера отсутствует. Ниже показывается, что источником энергии для песчаного вихря является энергия гравитационного поля. Предлагается математическая модель песчаного вихря, в которой используется система максвеллоподобных уравнений гравитации. Объясняются некоторые свойства песчаного вихря - сохранение цилиндрической вертикальной формы вихря, его колебания, хаотическую траекторию движения вихря в целом, расширение тела вихря.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[272] **viXra:1503.0265 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-04-14 04:31:18*

**Authors:** José Francisco García Juliá

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

In this note, it is shown that a black hole can be formed, but also to come undone.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[271] **viXra:1503.0241 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-05-13 09:09:41*

**Authors:** Solomon I. Khmelnik

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

Consider the structure of the wire with constant current \\ Рассматривается структура постоянного тока в проводе

**Category:** Classical Physics

[270] **viXra:1503.0241 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-04-21 15:14:26*

**Authors:** Solomon I. Khmelnik

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

Consider the structure of the wire with constant current \\ Рассматривается структура постоянного тока в проводе

**Category:** Classical Physics

[269] **viXra:1503.0241 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-04-04 07:24:09*

**Authors:** Solomon I. Khmelnik

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[268] **viXra:1503.0153 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-08-01 14:11:54*

**Authors:** Anamitra Palit

**Comments:** 19 Pages. Further improvements to follow

Three body motion or many body motion in relation to gravitation and other types of interaction has always occupied an enviable position in the history of physics in view of its complexity especially in comparison with the simpler two body motion. The challenge offered by these problems have been a continuous source of inspiration for mathematicians and physicists to work out solutions. This article is a modest endeavor to analyze and solve the problem as far possible .A method for solving the four body and in general the many body problem has been discussed. Certain peculiarities of the two body motion have been pointed out highlighting them in connection with three body motion and with many body motion

**Category:** Classical Physics