Classical Physics

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Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed farther down

[1269] viXra:1805.0349 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-19 08:23:36

A Concentric Solar Still - Details

Authors: Herbert Weidner
Comments: 5 Pages.

The yield of potable water in a still can be increased when the saturated steam layer over all surfaces is blown away. In a concentric distiller, this task may be achieved by natural convection without any external energy. The necessary temperature difference is generated by optimized components, which are separated from the distiller (boiler).
Category: Classical Physics

[1268] viXra:1805.0343 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-18 09:49:00

Li\'{e}nard's Generalisation: a Direct Derivation

Authors: Anindya Kumar Biswas
Comments: 5 Pages.

In this pedagogical article, we elucidate on direct derivation of total power emitted by an accelerating charged particle, known as Li\'{e}nard's generalisation.
Category: Classical Physics

[1267] viXra:1805.0326 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-17 16:02:19

The Unique Constant of Nature \\\\\\ Уникальная константа природы

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 17 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov <©> The Unique Constant of Nature May 18, 2018

In this article, the author shows that the basis of the universe is one dimensionless constant. Everything in nature is connected with this constant. The author proposes a materialistic YRA-model of the universe, the foundations of nature, the structure and algorithm of the evolution of the Universe. In the foundations of nature there is only one this constant. And the diversity of the foundations of nature is linked together by this one-of-a-kind nature constant. This is a unique constant of nature, the Universe. We can say that this is the magic constant of the Universe. But do not fall into mysticism and believe in magic. The origin and magnitude of this constant find their simple and natural explanation in material nature. +++++++++++++++++++++++ В настоящей статье автор показывает, что в основе мироздания лежит одна постоянная безразмерностная величина. Всё в природе связано с этой константой. Автором предложена материалистическая YRA-модель мироздания, основ природы, структуры и алгоритма эволюции Вселенной. В основах природы лежит только одна эта константа. И всё многообразие основ природы связано воедино этой единственной в своём роде константой природы. Это уникальная константа природы, Вселенной. Можно сказать, что это магическая константа Вселенной. Но не стоит впадать в мистику и верить в магию. Происхождение и величина этой константы находят своё простое и естественное объяснение в материальной природе.
Category: Classical Physics

[1266] viXra:1805.0322 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-16 06:51:23

Illusion Of Light

Authors: Cres Huang
Comments: 22 Pages.

Besides energy, light presents us fastest and most details of the universe. It made us obsessively visual. It controls our understanding as well as misunderstanding of the universe. We, too, are creatures of motion. Speed is our obsession too. Light and it's speed might seem magical to us. However, what we see is only broadcasting of physical reality in the form of radiations delivered to us in high speed. We only see the visible part of radiations that stands out from the background and perceive it as information. It does not mean background contains less significant information than foreground revealed by light. Additionally, speed of light is no more important than other speed. Say, slow gentle motion can be more beneficial for building structures. To me, light and it's speed do not have any power to alter the fundamentals of the universe. To the contrary, it is the universe in charge of light and speed. No matter how fast the light, space does not allow it to go to next location instantly. The question is, can we be fooled by information in the form of light delivered at light speed, or by our obsession?
Category: Classical Physics

[1265] viXra:1805.0319 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-16 08:59:23

Recent Experiments Have Found that Magnetic Fields Can Also Attract Shredded Paper

Authors: Wei Fan
Comments: 2 Pages.

We have always believed that only charge can attract light and small objects. In recent experiments, however, I discovered that permanent magnets and electromagnets can attract light and small objects without charge. This can lead us to rethink the phenomenon of frictional electrification.
Category: Classical Physics

[1264] viXra:1805.0318 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-16 09:00:41

New Discovery of Current, Magnetic Field and Electromagnetic Radiation in Electrostatic Phenomenon

Authors: Wei Fan
Comments: 2 Pages.

We have always believed that stationary charges generate an electrostatic field. A moving charge generates a current and a magnetic field. A changing magnetic field produces electromagnetic radiation. Frictional electrification is the generation of electrostatic charge and an electrostatic field through friction. The charge does not move. It has no current, magnetic field and Electromagnetic radiation. However, in the latest experiments we found that a rubbed rule can cause small magnetic needle deflection and electromagnetic radiation. This shows that the rubbed ruler can produce current, magnetic field and electromagnetic radiation. This can lead us to rethink traditional electrostatics.
Category: Classical Physics

[1263] viXra:1805.0294 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-14 22:37:03

List of Solved Problems of Physics

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 24 Pages. Robert Yusupov © List of Solved Problems of Physics May 15, 2018

This article presents a list of the problems solved within the framework of the “Theory of Nature” by author. “Theory of Nature” is the materialistic physics and cosmology. These are problems of fundamentals of the physics and cosmology. These are problems of fundamentals of the universe, nature and the Universe. These are problems of fundamentals of the dialectical materialism. These are problems of the matter and mass, the elementary charge, the natural units, the fine structure constant, the structure and the evolution of the Universe. These are problems of the insufficiency and discreteness of nature (the Universe).
Category: Classical Physics

[1262] viXra:1805.0283 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-15 05:39:02

Axiomatic Theory of Physics \\\\\ Аксиоматическое построение физики

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 17 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov <©> Axiomatic Theory of Physics 06.06.2015

In this paper, the author considers the approach and the justification in the axiomatic construction of the theory of physics and cosmology. Both of these disciplines and sciences are closely related and therefore are considered together. This approach is based on the dialectical materialist understanding of nature, which arms the scientific theory of dialectical materialism to any researcher of nature. According to the views of the dialectical materialism, the basis of nature is moving matter. Matter and motion are inseparable. Matter is an objective reality existing outside and independent of our consciousness. The author made a step from the abstract definition of matter in the theory of the dialectical materialism to the concrete manifestation of matter in nature. Matter is a unique substance of nature. +++++++++++++++++++++++++ В настоящей статье автором рассматривается подход и обоснование в аксиоматическом построении теории физики и космологии. Обе эти дисциплины, науки тесно связаны между собой и поэтому рассматриваются совместно. В основе такого подхода лежит диалектико-материалистический понимание природы, которым вооружает любого исследователя природы научная теория диалектического материализма. Согласно воззрениям диамата в основе природы лежит движущаяся материя. Материя и движение неразрывны. Материя – это объективная реальность, существующая вне и независимо от нашего сознания. Автором сделан шаг от абстрактного определения материи в теории диамата к конкретному проявлению материи в природе. Материя – это уникальная субстанция природы.
Category: Classical Physics

[1261] viXra:1805.0225 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-12 03:49:13

Список решённых проблем\ \\\\ List of Solved Problems

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 12 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov <©> List of Solved Problems May 12, 2018

В настоящей статье представлен список проблем, решённых в рамках «Теории Природы» автора. ================= This article presents a list of problems solved within the framework of Theory of Nature by the author.
Category: Classical Physics

[1260] viXra:1805.0220 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-10 20:02:55

The Law of Nature or Chance \\\\\ Закономерность или случайность

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 3 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov <©> Закономерность или случайность 11.05.2018

В настоящей статье определяется расстояние между соседними атомами идеального газа. Оказывается, что числовое значение обратной величины этого расстояния приблизительно равно числовому значению скорости света в вакууме 299 792 458. ------------------------- In this paper, the distance between neighboring atoms of an ideal gas is calculated. It turns out that the numerical value of the inverse of this distance is approximately equal to the numerical value of the speed of light in a vacuum 299 792 458.
Category: Classical Physics

[1259] viXra:1805.0219 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-10 20:04:55

The Law of Nature or Chance

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 3 Pages. Robert Yusupov © The Law of Nature or Chance May 11, 2018

In this paper, the distance between neighboring atoms of an ideal gas is calculated. It turns out that the numerical value of the inverse of this distance is approximately equal to the numerical value of the speed of light in a vacuum 299 792 458.
Category: Classical Physics

[1258] viXra:1805.0213 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-10 04:15:10

Principle of Independently Established Co-Determinism: Parsimony & Physical Law in Nature; Ubiquitiousness and Quintescence

Authors: Paris Samuel Miles-Brenden
Comments: 112 Pages. In difference of a mean; the measure of 'what;' is in what of one part the 'if' as to an any either it's included of 'the' to what in exclusive difference is the summed; relates.

To a mind the one known consideration of yet to be found in life as from afar is love; as from yet in the eye of the witness of the bearer of a message; the trust of one in an other is a given alone; one; when two so as whom agree that what in this is a departure is it's considerateness in word's as one; expressed as from an other to their's of whom so expressly and articulately share a human relation find in the other of life what so in their's is a heart in each beat so shared as in one togetherness we find what an other is attractive to the mind; of what in the heart is the secret to a loving choice.
Category: Classical Physics

[1257] viXra:1805.0151 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-07 04:25:45

Spatial Dimensions

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 7pages, 3 figures

Here is analyzed the dimensionality of our universe on the basis of multi space conception. The new space conception proposes that space is the manifestation of a force field. Space does not exist independently from a force field. Hence each forcefield has its own eigenspace with different dimensionality.
Category: Classical Physics

[1256] viXra:1805.0140 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-07 20:24:39

Letter to Physicist

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 11 Pages. Robert Yusupov © Letter to Physicist 8 May 2018

In this article I present a letter addressed to all physicists. The author refers to all physicists. The author provides them with a solution to the problem of natural units of mass, length and time. This problem was dealt with by many physicists of the past. This problem stirs the minds and consciousness of modern researchers of nature, natural scientists and physicists. I believe that my solution to the problem of natural units of mass, length and time is correct and the only correct, accurate and absolutely true, complete and final. As a dialectical materialist, I am firmly convinced of the correctness and truth of my "Theory of Nature". I present it to your court, dear readers.
Category: Classical Physics

[1255] viXra:1805.0139 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-07 22:36:01

Letter to Physicist\\\\\Письио физику

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 11 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov <©> Letter to Physicist 8 May 2018

В настоящей статье представлено письмо адресованное физикам. Автор обращается ко всем физикам. Автор предоставляет им на суд своё решение проблемы натуральных единиц массы, длины и времени. Этой проблемой занимались многие физики прошлого. Эта проблема будоражит умы и сознание современных исследователей природы, естествоиспытателей и физиков. Считаю, что моё решение проблемы натуральных единиц массы, длины и времени является единственно правильным и верным, аккуратным и абсолютно истинным, полным и окончательным. Я как диалектический материалист, твёрдо уверен в правоте и истинности своей «Теории Природы». Выставляю её на ваш суд, уважаемые читатели.
Category: Classical Physics

[1254] viXra:1805.0135 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-06 04:57:11

Professor Gian-Luca Oppo -ats- Mr. Ivor Catt: A Case Study in Electromagnetic Theory

Authors: Stephen J. Crothers
Comments: 12 Pages.

Digital electronic systems involve voltage pulses along USB cables. These pulses are more often than not, not periodic, and behave in a fashion that does not appear to accord with Maxwell's theory of electromagnetism. Digital electronics, with its nanosecond switching, did not exist in Maxwell's time, so related phenomena were not available to Maxwell and his contemporaries. Electrical engineer Ivor Catt is a pioneer in the development of digital electronic hardware. His work over several decades in industry has revealed issues with classical electromagnetic theory. Theoretical physicists are yet to acknowledge their theoretical shortcomings. Professor Gian-Luca Oppo, a theoretical physicist at the University of Strathclyde in Scotland, represented classical electromagnetic theory in contrast to the evidence and arguments presented by Mr. Catt from real world digital hardware engineering. Catt's findings are however quite compelling.
Category: Classical Physics

[1253] viXra:1805.0121 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-06 01:12:14

Principle of Independently Established Co-Determinism; (2.0) Parsimony & Physical Law in Nature

Authors: Paris Samuel Miles-Brenden
Comments: 112 Pages. Equivalence in two; is the consideration of what in numberless infinitives differently knowable extremes is it's minimization independently inclusive to consideration conclusive of a given.

As any true principle of science is established by it's only one priorly known given, as derived factual meaning is only as of what in any yet established relation is a conclusion to a then hypothetical foundation of fact, a factually considered conclusion; as meaning only derives from it's priorly one given known; that of any true principle is only exclusively it's one then given to that of what in one is the understood of all and a one as in a prior relation then reconsidered; a known relation is two; to that of each.
Category: Classical Physics

[1252] viXra:1805.0059 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-03 07:41:11

In Defence of Classical Physics

Authors: John Raymond
Comments: 6 Pages.

Abstract Classical physics seeks to find the laws of nature. I am of the opinion that classical Newtonian physics is “real” physics. This is in the sense that it relates to mechanical physics. I suggest that if physics is ever to succeed in determining a theory of everything it needs to introduce a more satisfactory invariant medium in order to do this. This is describing the laws of nature and retain the elementary foundational conditions of universal symmetry. conceptscience@bigpond.com
Category: Classical Physics

[1251] viXra:1805.0048 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-01 09:24:20

Introducing Light Force

Authors: Dmitri Martila
Comments: 7 Pages.

Why Earth momentum keeps same angle to the orbit, but moment of momentum changes its angle to the orbit (and to the momentum)? Both momentums behave like vectors (if no reflections) in an inertial coordinate system.
Category: Classical Physics

[1250] viXra:1805.0046 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-01 12:14:52

Generation of Endfire Radiations out of an Spoof-surface Plasmon Polariton E-plane Transmission Line

Authors: Louis WY LIU
Comments: 12 Pages. 2018 IEEE INDIAN CONFERENCE ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION (InCAP)

This presentation is related to an E-plane endfire antenna capable of generating an endfire electromagnetic radiation out of a spoof surface plasmon polariton (SSPP) with substantially enhanced gain. The core of the said antenna is a printed circuit vertically mounted in the center E-plane of a rectangular waveguide. The printed circuit is continuous metal pattern comprising three sections: a tapered section serving as a waveguide-to-SSPP transition, a corrugated transmission media for propagation of an SSPP and another tapered section for impedance matching between the corrugated transmission line and free space. The antenna accepts electromagnetic energy through the waveguide-to-SSPP transition in the input end of a waveguide, propagates the electromagnetic energy in the form of surface waves along the corrugated edge of the E-plane transmission line over 1-quarter or 3-quarter wavelengths and generates an endfire radiation through the SSPP-to-free-space transition in the other end of the same. The said antenna generates a near endfire radiation beam with a substantially enhanced gain, wherein the gain of the endfire radiation can be maximized by maintaining the slot depth to half of the waveguide height.
Category: Classical Physics

[1249] viXra:1805.0045 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-01 12:22:45

Generation of Frequency Steerable Endfire Radiations out of an Spoof-surface Plasmon Polariton E-plane Transmission Line

Authors: Louis WY LIU
Comments: 11 Pages. 2018 IEEE INDIAN CONFERENCE ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION (InCAP)

This paper presents an antenna that generates a frequency steerable endfire electromagnetic radiation out of a spoof surface plasmon polariton (SSPP) transmission line mounted in the center E-plane of a rectangular waveguide. The SSPP transmission has both its upper edge and lower edge patterned with corrugated metal slot/gap arrays of the same period. However, the slot depth on the corrugated pattern along the upper edge is different from the slot depth on the corrugated pattern along the lower edge. This arrangement creates a difference in surface impedance between the upper corrugated edge and the low corrugated edge on the SSPP transmission line, thus allowing the angle of the endfire radiation to be shifted upwards and downwards. According to our simulation, the angle of endfire radiation can be shifted by at least 10 degree simply by varying the operating frequencies.
Category: Classical Physics

[1248] viXra:1804.0483 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-30 00:25:45

Law of the Existence of Elementary Particles\\\\\Закон существования элементарных частиц

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 15 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov <©> Law of the Existence of Elementary Particles 30 APR 2018

In this article, which is an integral part of the "Theory of Nature", the author gives an explanation of one of the most important laws of nature - the law of the existence of elementary particles (EP). Elementary particles are neutrons, protons, electrons, photons, etc. These are elementary and minimal material formations in nature. These are well-known facts. The author believes that each EP consists of one and the same minimum in nature amount of matter. This fact should be adequately reflected in physics: matter must be introduced into the bosom of physics as the main physical quantity. The author believes that all elementary particles have the shape of balls and, therefore, have their own diameter and have their own mass. The law of the existence of EP states that the product of the mass of EP by its diameter is a constant value equal to the minimum amount of matter in nature. +++++++++++++++++++++++ В настоящей статье, являющейся неотъемлемой частью «Теории Природы», автор даёт разъяснение одного важнейшего закона природы – закона существования элементарных частиц (ЭЧ). Элементарными частицами считаются нейтроны, протоны, электроны, фотоны и др. Это элементарные и минимальные материальные образования в природе. Это общеизвестные факты. Автор считает, что каждая ЭЧ состоит из одного и того же минимального в природе количества материи. Этот факт должен быть адекватно отражён в физике: материя должна быть введена в лоно физики в качестве основной физической величины. Автор считает, что все элементарные частицы имеют форму шариков и, значит, имеют свой собственный диаметр и имеют свою собственную массу. Закон существования ЭЧ гласит: произведение массы ЭЧ на её диаметр есть величина постоянная, равная минимальному количеству материи в природе.
Category: Classical Physics

[1247] viXra:1804.0482 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-30 06:00:38

A Method of Real Time Quantitative Supply of Cosmetic Raw Materials Using Weight Sensor

Authors: Kwang Bok Han, Kwang Ho Ri, Chen Il Jo, Yu Chol Kim, Pong Ryol Jang
Comments: 4 Pages.

In this paper, we have discussed a method of real time quantitative supply of cosmetic raw materials using weight sensor. In addition, the technical characteristics of the system were clarified and introduced to the production process, contributing to the automation of cosmetic compounding process. We have tested the measuring and supply about 6 liquid materials (water, glycerin, propylene, milistynic acid, squalene, liquid paraffin) with this device. According to the measuring results, we have verified supply error is below 0.5% on the average.
Category: Classical Physics

[1246] viXra:1804.0469 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-28 20:02:56

Solving the Problem of Natural Units \\\ Решение проблемы натуральных единиц

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 8 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov © Solving the Problem of Natural Units 29/04/2018

The present article raises the question of the existence in nature of natural units of mass, length and time, and proposes its solution. In the past, many physicists have addressed the problem of finding natural units. His solution to this question was provided by Irish physicist G. J. Stoney and German physicist M. Planck. The author of this article provides his own solution to this problem. The author believes that his solution of the problem of natural units is complete and final and removes this question from the agenda. +++++++++++++++++++++ В настоящей статье ставится вопрос о существовании в природе натуральных единиц массы, длины и времени и предлагается его решение. К вопросу отыскания натуральных единиц в прошлом обращались многие физики. Своё решение этого вопроса предоставили ирландский физик Дж. Стони и немецкий физик М. Планк. Автор настоящей статьи предоставляет своё собственное решение этой проблемы. Автор считает, что его решение проблемы натуральных единиц является полным и окончательным и снимает этот вопрос с повестки дня.
Category: Classical Physics

[1245] viXra:1804.0367 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-24 15:01:54

Об инерции \\\ About Iiertia (About One Refinement of Concepts Inertia and Momentum)

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 15 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov <©> About Inertia and Momentum Apr 24 2018

In this article, an attempt is made to clarify the concepts of inertia and momentum in terms of the author's understanding of the universe. This understanding is given in the "Theory of Nature" (TP) of the author, which should be considered a new materialistic physics and cosmology. The author stands on the platform of dialectical materialism. According to this solely scientific philosophy, our world is material. All things, bodies and objects in nature are material. Processes and phenomena in nature are caused by matter, its movement. In nature, there is nothing that is not matter or its various forms of motion. Matter is the basis, essence, substance of nature. Studying nature, we must adequately reflect matter in the conceptual apparatus of the theory of nature. Modern physics is the basic science of nature. But in its conceptual apparatus there is no adequate reflection of matter. The basis of physics is the concept of physical quantity. An adequate reflection of the matter of nature in the conceptual apparatus of physics can only be its reflection as the basic physical quantity. This is exactly what is done in TP. Matter in TP is elevated to the rank of the basic physical quantity. This is the essence of the revolution in science that the "Theory of Nature" realized. ++++++++++++++++++++++++ В настоящей статье предпринята попытка дать разъяснение понятий инерция и импульса с точки зрения авторского понимания мироздания. Это понимание дано в «Теории Природы» (ТП) автора, которую следует считать новой материалистической физикой и космологией. Автор стоит на платформе диалектического материализма. Согласно этой единственно научной философии наш мир материален. Все предметы, вещи, тела и объекты в природе материальны. Процессы и явления в природе обусловлены материей, её движением. В природе нет ничего, чтобы не было материей или её различными формами движения. Материя – это основа, сущность, субстанция природы. Изучая природу, мы должны адекватным образом отражать материю в понятийном аппарате теории о природе. Современная физика является основной наукой о природе. Но в её понятийном аппарате нет адекватного природе отражения материи. Основой физики является понятие физической величины. Адекватным отражением материи природы в понятийном аппарате физики может быть только её отражение в качестве основной физической величины. Именно так и сделано в ТП. Материя в ТП возведена в ранг основной физической величины. В этом суть той революции в науке, которую осуществила «Теория Природы».
Category: Classical Physics

[1244] viXra:1804.0339 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-23 17:59:39

High-rise and Space Towers (Masts, Space Elevator, Motionless Satellites)

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 177 Pages.

A lot of new concepts, ideas, and innovation in high altitude and space towers were offered, developed and researched in last years especially after 2000. For example: optimal solid space towers, inflatable space towers (include optimal space tower), circle and centrifugal space towers, kinetic space towers, electrostatic space towers, electromagnetic space towers, and so on. Given book summarizes there researches and gives the detail description them, note some their main advantages, shortcomings, defects and limitations.
Category: Classical Physics

[1243] viXra:1804.0316 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-22 14:36:50

Beyond Miner’s Rule Free Energy Damage Equivalence

Authors: Alec Feinberg
Comments: 5 Pages. Reference Terms in the book Thermodynamic Degradation Science

In this paper, we extend the concept of damage which was original developed empirically by Miner using the concept of thermodynamic work and free energy. We first explain the equivalency of free energy to damage. Then we develop ways to measure the free energy in products to help assess the amount of damage that a product can experience prior to failure. The main approach is to use product’s ultimate work energy. Although Miner’s rule and the cumulative damage concept is typically thought of as specific for cyclic work, we note that in most cases, damage accumulates during a product useful life prior to failure.
Category: Classical Physics

[1242] viXra:1804.0304 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-21 21:29:02

Мой ответ Игорю Старку \\\ my Reply to Mr. I. Stark

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 23 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov <©> My reply to Mr. I. Stark 22 April 2018

In my reply to Mr. I. Stark, I sought to justify my position and my view of nature. All this or almost everything is set out in my articles on "Theory of Nature". My understanding is that in the study of Nature, it is first and foremost necessary to identify a specific manifestation of matter in nature, to establish minimal, then not crushing, carriers of matter. And the next step is to study the interaction of material bodies on the Planck scale of the universe. This is the natural logic of knowing nature. The concept of the field refers to the category of concepts describing the interaction of material bodies. The logic of nature itself and the logic of cognition of nature are simple: first, material bodies, and then their interaction, and not vice versa. Material bodies interact with each other, but they are not generated by interaction, field. Field, interaction does not generate matter. Material bodies are primary, and their interaction is secondary. +++++++++++++++++++++ В своём ответе И. Старку я стремился дать обоснование своей позиции и своему взгляду на природу. Всё это или почти всё изложено в моих статьях по «Теории Природы». Моё понимание состоит в том, что при изучении Природы надо в первую очередь выявить конкретное проявление материи в природе, установить минимальные, далее не дробимые, носители материи. А уже следующим шагом должно стать изучение взаимодействия материальных тел на планковском масштабе мироздания. Это естественная логика познания природы. Понятие поле относится к категории понятий описывающих взаимодействие материальных тел. Логика самой природы и логика познания природы просты: сначала материальные тела, а потом их взаимодействие, а не наоборот. Материальные тела взаимодействуют между собой, но они не порождаются взаимодействием, полем. Поле, взаимодействие не порождает материю. Материальные тела первичны, а их взаимодействие вторично.
Category: Classical Physics

[1241] viXra:1804.0277 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-19 11:00:03

Space Equation – Basic Equation of Unified Field Theory

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 7 pages, 1 figure

Since Maxwell successfully unified previously separated electrical and magnetic fields in a new electromagnetic field, the idea of theory common for all physical force fields became apparent. Until now the attempts to bind together separate equations of all physical force fields have been unsuccessful. All forces act in space. Space is a common attribute of all interactions. Here we show that unification is possible on the basis of a new space conception. In contemporary physics the force field is part of space where force acts. In contradiction to this very basic principle of contemporary physics, we here propose a new concept that space and physical force fields are mutually dependent entities of the same phenomena. If a force field does not exist, then the corresponding space does not exist either. And vice versa, if space does not exist, there is no force field present. Change of the force field physics assumption yields into the possibility to describe any known physical force field and the corresponding space by a uniform equation, which we call Space Equation. Therefore the Space Equation represents the basic equation of the Unified Field Theory (UFT).
Category: Classical Physics

[1240] viXra:1804.0255 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-18 22:02:08

Тайна крупицы материи \\\\\ Mystery of the Crupitsa of Matter

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 11 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov © Mystery of the Crupitsa of Matter

Что такое крупица материи? Какую тайну скрывает в себе крупица материи? О чём эта тайна? Какую информацию хранит в себе крупица материи?! Вопросы правильные, вопросы интересные, вопросы по существу. Вот об этом, об ответах на эти вопросы и будет идти речь в настоящей статье. Это ещё одна статья по «Теории Природы» автора. А «Теория Природы» и есть современная материалистическая физика и космология. +++++++++++++++++++++++++ What is a crupitsa (atom) of matter? What secret hides in itself acrupitsa (atom) of matter? What is this secret? What kind of information is stored in a crupitsa (atom) of matter? Questions are correct, interesting questions, questions on the merits. That's about this, the answers to these questions will be discussed in this article. This is another article on "Theory of Nature" by the author. And "Theory of Nature" is modern materialistic physics and cosmology.
Category: Classical Physics

[1239] viXra:1804.0253 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-17 12:11:39

Experiment Supports Stoe Model and Rejects the Traditional Model of a Coulomb Field

Authors: John Hodge
Comments: 4 Pages.

The Scalar Theory of Everything (STOE) model of the coulomb field is of vortices in the plenum. An experiment is proposed that forces a spark of electrons to flow outside the volume between a positive--negative electrode pair. This experimental observation rejects the traditional source--sink pair model of the coulomb field and does not reject the STOE model of the coulomb field and the mechanism of electric attraction and repulsion.
Category: Classical Physics

[1238] viXra:1804.0251 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-17 20:27:45

Newton’s First Law Revisited

Authors: Ramzi Suleiman
Comments: 7 Pages.

Newton’s first law is expressed in textual form. It states that, unless acted upon by a net unbalanced force, an object will remain at rest, or move uniformly forward in a straight line. Accordingly, “inertial motion” means uniform rectilinear motion, while uniform circular motion is considered to be a noninertial, accelerated motion. This differentiation between the two types of motion has resulted in the aftermath in different analytical treatments of the two types, both in classical and relativistic kinematics. In this short note, we show, based on Newton’s kinematics, that, contrary to the conventional differentiation between rectilinear and circular systems of motion, the two are dynamically equivalent, such that the set of laws describing the dynamics of one system correspond to an identical set of laws describing the dynamics of the second. An immediate corollary for the special case of uniform motion is that Newtonian kinematics are inconsistent with Newton’s first law and are, instead, consistent with Galileo’s definition of inertial motion. To rectify the apparent inconsistency, we propose a natural modification of the first law, which incorporates the case of uniform circular motion. We formulate the modified law textually and mathematically and comment briefly on the implication of our modification to the theory and education of classical and relativistic physics.
Category: Classical Physics

[1237] viXra:1804.0233 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-15 07:12:23

The Natural System of Units of Robert Yusupov***\\\***Натуральная система единиц Роберта Юсупова.

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 46 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov <©> Units of the Nature <©> 15 April 2018

This article was conceived as an article devoted to the solution of the question (problem) of natural units. Many people, physicists and philosophers, naturalists were engaged in this problem (question). The names of many researchers remained unknown and forgotten, sunk into oblivion. The Irish physicist G. J. Stoney and the German physicist M. Planck left their mark on the solution of the problem of searching for and finding natural units. The author of this article also has a solution to this problem. This problem was solved by the author in 2013. The article provides a comparison of all three options for solving this problem. The author believes that his decision is the final solution to the problem of natural units. Absolute knowledge is achieved. Absolute truth is known. ++++++++++++++++++ Настоящая статья задумывалась, как статья посвящённая решению вопроса (проблемы) натуральных единиц (природы). Этой проблемой (вопросом) занимались многие люди, физики и философы, естествоиспытатели. Имена многих исследователей остались неизвестными и забытыми, канули в лету. Свой след в решении проблемы поиска и отыскания натуральных единиц (природы) оставили ирландский физик Дж. Стони и немецкий физик М. Планк. Автор настоящей статьи, также имеет своё решение этой проблемы. Эта проблема решена автором в 2013 году. В статье приводится сопоставление всех трёх вариантов решения этой проблемы. Автор считает, что его решение является окончательным решением проблемы натуральных единиц. Достигнуто абсолютное знание. Познана абсолютная истина.
Category: Classical Physics

[1236] viXra:1804.0190 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-15 01:03:37

Confusions in Modern Physics.

Authors: Durgadas Datta.
Comments: 3 Pages. New physics.

Some clarifications in the concept of inertia and mass.
Category: Classical Physics

[1235] viXra:1804.0141 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-10 01:44:50

The Nature of Gravity

Authors: Michael Singer
Comments: 4 Pages.

Any two masses will experience gravitational attraction between them that draws them together. In an energy-conserving universe as they accelerate towards each other there must be some energy system losing mass/energy to balance the increase in kinetic energy of the two objects. Now it is received wisdom that mass is inviolate and never changes even when falling into a gravitational well, but the increase in kinetic energies of two bodies falling together under gravitational attraction would then violate the Principle of Conservation of Energy, as the only possible source of mass/energy is a reduction in the effective combined mass as two objects come together. Logically, therefore, there must be an effective reduction of mass, as seen from the greater universe, when two objects approach each other and thus increase the local spacetime dilation. The energy balance of the universe requires that dilating space reduces the effective mass as seen from the greater universe outside that dilation. However, once we accept this proposition we have to reconsider Einstein’s concept that if enough mass comes together space would be breached to create a singularity. He envisaged a linear process whereby adding mass upon mass together resulted eventually in too much mass for local space to support, but from the previous sentences we can see that such a linear process violates the Principle of Conservation of Energy. This leads us to consider an alternative solution based of the fact that a local observer sees the same nature of space around him no matter how deep his gravitational well.
Category: Classical Physics

[1234] viXra:1804.0140 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-10 01:53:45

Is there an Unknown Field Type?

Authors: Michael Singer
Comments: 7 Pages.

If we consider the kinetic energy of a charged particle and equate it to its induced magnetic energy we find that the two are equal when ¾ of the rest mass/energy of the particle is bound up in its electric field. This leads to the concept of inertia being electromagnetic. (in Electromagnetic Field Theory model there are many papers on the momentum of electric and magnetic fields and momentum is just inertia by another name, although in the Quantum Mechanics model the concept is deprecated). Which poses the question, what is the other ¼ made of? Next we can put this in juxtaposition with the fact that electromagnetic radiation does not appear to follow the rules of general wave mechanics as the energy pulses rather than flows continually as happens in every other wave type. If, however, we assume the existence of another undetectable field alternating with the electromagnetic field then electromagnetic radiation collapses to the standard form. So is there a field type that we cannot detect except by its interaction with the electromagnetic fields, present in both matter and in electromagnetic waves?
Category: Classical Physics

[1233] viXra:1804.0100 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-08 06:26:54

The Theory of Everything-What Kind of Resistance Inertia of an Object Is?

Authors: Yahya Awad Sharif Mohammed
Comments: 3 Pages.

This article aims to clarify briefly and explain what kind of resistance inertia is and approaching a theory of everything as well.
Category: Classical Physics

[1232] viXra:1804.0088 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-06 13:20:09

Is Potential Energy Equation for a Mass at Infinity Correct?

Authors: Yahya Awad Sharif Mohammed
Comments: 1 Page.

Correct calculation for potential energy for masses at infinity.
Category: Classical Physics

[1231] viXra:1804.0082 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-05 13:27:36

Do Accelerating Charged Particles Really Radiate?

Authors: Michael Singer
Comments: 7 Pages.

In a particle accelerator charged particles radiate when they pass through beam-bending magnets that give them a centripetal acceleration. This is commonly put down to acceleration-induced radiation, but the fact that there are several different detailed theories to explain this phenomenon suggests that it is not well understood. In addition electrons orbiting a nucleus also have centripetal acceleration and do not radiate, so we have the problem that accelerating electrons radiate only sometimes. This suggests that it is not the acceleration per se that creates the radiation but some other factor that exists only in the beam-bending scenario. This paper goes further, and shows that the general concept of acceleration-induced radiation is a violation of the Principle of Conservation of Energy, so that in an energy-conserving universe another cause must be found for the radiation from accelerating charged particles where it occurs.
Category: Classical Physics

[1230] viXra:1804.0063 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-05 01:00:22

The Free Electron's Magnetic Dipole

Authors: Michael Singer
Comments: 12 Pages.

To quote J. Van Huele and J. Stenson, in their paper “Stern-Gerlach experiments: past, present, and future” (J. Utah Academy of Sciences, Arts & Letters, 2004, 81, 206-212) “Spin is a non-classical duplicity useful for classifying atomic states but not observable with free electrons”. So why is it not observable? Pauli claimed that the interaction of the charged particle with the magnetic field causes an incompressible blurring of the trajectories at least as great as the separation between the spin components. However, free electrons twist and turn in the focussing and directing electromagnetic fields of electron microscopes to give precise focussing to a single dot of less than 22nm.With modern technology Pauli’s claim seems difficult to justify. This paper follows the evidence that spin does not exist in free electrons and considers the consequences that alternative decision. Some further theoretical work is required, but it nevertheless demonstrates that the approach ultimately takes us to a precise value for the neutron’s electric field strength and to the beginnings of an understanding of atomic orbitals and transitions.
Category: Classical Physics

[1229] viXra:1804.0041 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-02 15:26:33

About Photon

Authors: Marius Arghirescu
Comments: 3 Pages.

The paper argues the conclusion that the photon has rest mass equal with a half of its moving mass.
Category: Classical Physics

[1228] viXra:1804.0009 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-02 12:08:02

Effect of Magnet Geometry on the Magnetic Component of the Lorentz Force Equation

Authors: Michael Singer
Comments: 13 Pages.

All forces in the universe are created from changes in energy levels that result from changes in the separation of bodies, whether electromagnetic or otherwise. For example, two electrons separated by a finite distance will experience repulsive forces that urge them to separate further. When they are free to move this will cause them to accelerate away from each other, replacing part of the original energy levels with kinetic energy. Even when they are constrained so that they cannot move they still experience those same forces, but there is no energy exchange. Either way, for the force to exist the energy system must exist, even if only potentially. Now consider the second part of the Lorentz Force Equation, which looks at the forces experienced by an electron travelling through a fixed magnetic field. Here there is a lateral force on the electron normal to the direction of travel, and the electron’s path is deflected into a curve, with no change in energy levels. However, the existence of the force requires an energy mechanism and in this paper I set out to identify it. There are enough clues to reach a sound conclusion, such as the fact that a neutron, with a bounded electric field, is not deflected, whereas an electron, with an infinite electric field, is deflected. With the energy mechanism clearly defined, we find that the Lorentz Force Equation fails to take in an important aspect of geometry and hence if we use electron deflection measurement and this Equation as a means of determining magnetic field strength we will virtually always calculate a field strength that is lower than the actuality.
Category: Classical Physics

[1227] viXra:1804.0004 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-01 02:06:29

Pluto Should be Planet Again Discovery of Principial Error in Astronomical Calculations

Authors: Edgars Alksnis
Comments: 4 Pages.

Popular investigation of biggest methodic blunder of astronomy- how to obtain masses from orbital geometry- and how it helped to “disqualify” Pluto as a planet. In reality Pluto should be several times heavier than Eris.
Category: Classical Physics

[1226] viXra:1803.0739 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-31 20:59:35

Solution of the Fne Structure Constant Problem /// Решение проблемы постоянной тонкой структуры

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 11 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov © Solution of the Fine Structure Constant Problem

Настоящим сообщаю всем интересующимся и заинтересованным гражданам всех стран и народов, что решена фундаментальная проблема физики, проблема постоянной тонкой структуры. Выяснен физический смысл постоянной тонкой структуры. Найдена определяющая формула для постоянной тонкой структуры. ++++++++++++++++++ I hereby inform all interested and interested citizens of all countries and peoples that the fundamental problem of physics, the problem of the fine structure constant has been solved. The physical meaning of the fine structure constant is determined. A defining formula for the fine structure constant is found.
Category: Classical Physics

[1225] viXra:1803.0716 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-30 03:08:08

How Variable Earth-Moon Distance Really Could Be?

Authors: Edgars Alksnis
Comments: 2 Pages.

New understanding of physical background of “Newton’s modification of Kepler’s Third law” allows us revisit significantly variable prehistoric lunar distance idea.
Category: Classical Physics

[1224] viXra:1803.0690 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-28 06:09:42

Photon. Shape, Internal Arrangement and Physical Properties.

Authors: Alexander I. Dubinyansky, Pavel Churlyaev.
Comments: 6 Pages. dubinyansky@mail.ru

An attempt has been made to explain theoretically the properties of a photon from the position of the theory of the Elastic Universe.
Category: Classical Physics

[1223] viXra:1803.0667 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-26 17:37:40

Possible Maximum Volume of the Universe and Amount of Volume of the Masses(matter and Antimatter) in the Whole Universe0

Authors: Adham ahmed mohamed ahmed
Comments: 5 Pages.

Warning! important finished paper!possible maximum volume of the universe and amount of volume of the masses(matter and antimatter) in the whole universe
Category: Classical Physics

[1222] viXra:1803.0340 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-21 08:56:10

The Nuclear Force and Limitations to the Lorentz Electrostatic Force Equation

Authors: Michael Singer
Comments: 16 Pages.

In Electromagnetic Field Theory it is the interaction of distributed electrostatic fields that leads to the forces between charged particles. The field of an electron spreads across all space, so the interaction between two electrons covers all of space. If we calculate the point energy densities of the interaction between these two electrons and sum them over all space, then differentiate it with respect to separation to get the force, it is no surprise that we end up with the electrostatic component of the Lorentz Force Equation. An interesting part of the interaction is that not only do the two electrons have field lines that are broadly aligned and thus create increased energy densities and repulsive forces, but there is a region between the two electrons where the field lines oppose each other, reducing the energy density and giving rise to attractive forces. With the electron – whose field extends to infinity – the repulsive forces dominate at all separations. But now consider the neutron whose electric field is bounded at a miniscule radius. There are obviously no forces between two neutrons outside twice the radius as there is no overlap in the fields. As they close there is a limited range over which the repulsive forces are not in play and the attractive region dominates. This leads to an attractive force between neutrons for separations of two and one times the radius, inside of which repulsive forces finally take over.
Category: Classical Physics

[1221] viXra:1803.0297 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-20 21:51:15

Criteria for Fundamental Physics Principles

Authors: John Hodge
Comments: 9 Pages.

What makes a description more fundamental than other descriptions? More fundamental descriptions are simpler, more useful, and apply to the entire universe including areas of mathematics, physical sciences, life, and society. For example, if a principle appears simpler for the data in physics but fails in life and society observations, then the principle is false. Human survival requires creativity for advancement and adapting to a changing environment. Creativity's essence appears to be the synthesis of a large diversity of observational types. The amount of unexplained observational data is huge. We need to think about it. We need to form a new, more inclusive paradigm.
Category: Classical Physics

[1220] viXra:1803.0296 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-20 21:49:20

Matter and Mass ///// Материя и масса

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 8 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov © Matter and Mass

Matter and mass. In this article, the principle "nature is finite" and the consequences that follow from it are discussed. The author states the presence in nature of a minimal fundamental particle (FP) – an atom of matter (AM). An atom of matter is a real natural standard, a material carrier of two basic properties: the minimum amount of matter in nature and the minimum length in nature (the diameter of an atom of matter). These properties are reflected in physics in the form of basic physical quantities of matter and length. Matter is naturally introduced into physics as the basic physical quantity. Then the mass of an atom of matter (a fundamental particle) is defined as the ratio of physical quantities of matter and length (diameter of AM or FP). +++++++++++++++++++++ В настоящей статье обсуждается принцип «природа конечна» и вытекающие из него следствия. Автор констатирует наличие в природе минимальной элементарной частицы – крупицы материи. Крупица материи является реальным природным эталоном, материальным носителем двух основных свойств: минимального количества материи в природе и минимальной длины в природе (диаметр крупицы материи). Эти свойства отражаются в физике в виде основных физических величин материя и длина. Материя естественным образом вводится в физику в качестве основной физической величины. Тогда масса крупицы материи (элементарной частицы) определяется, как отношение физических величин материи и длины (диаметр КМ или ЭЧ).
Category: Classical Physics

[1219] viXra:1803.0295 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-20 21:55:41

Stoe Electric Charge

Authors: John Hodge
Comments: 10 Pages.

The Scalar Theory of Everything (STOE) model of hods and plenum is extended to model charge and electric fields. The hods' movements are generating vortices in the plenum. These vortices are the electric charge and also cause the coherent ripples postulated in the Hodge Experiment simulation. Free hods are the electromagnetic signal. Gauss's Law is a simplification of the STOE model.
Category: Classical Physics

[1218] viXra:1803.0258 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-17 06:21:19

Discussion About the Interaction Between Current Elements Proposal of a New Force Law

Authors: Sánchez Uriarte Óscar, Sánchez Cánovas Julio
Comments: 9 Pages.

In this article, a new force law between current elements is proposed which holds the 3rd Newton's Law and concides with known experimental measurements avoiding the contradictions of Ampère and Grassman expressions. Likewise, an interaction expression between point charges is postulated which satisfies action reaction principle and is Galileo Invariant. This opens the way to a revision of the concept of magnetic field and a further study of the interaction between moving charged bodies. Keywords: Grassman, Ampère, Whittaker, Maxwell, Lorentz Force, Third Newton's Law, Action-Reaction Principle, Magnetic Field.
Category: Classical Physics

[1217] viXra:1803.0175 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-13 05:00:44

Full Answer to Mr. Igor Stark //// Ответ Игорю Старку

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 11 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov © Full Answer to Mr. Igor Stark

The article touches upon the question of the correlation between the concepts of matter and mass in physics and gives a dialectical-materialistic scientific solution to this question. At the same time, this article is a complete answer to the leading participant of the runet's physical forum Mr. Igor Stark on one of his replicas during his speech at the site of the physical forum sciteclibrary.ru. The answer is given in a style characteristic of the style of communication on this forum. The author of the answer addresses both Mr. Stark and all participants in the dialogue and conversation. +++++++++++++++++ В статье затрагивается вопрос о соотношении понятий материя и масса в физике и даётся диалектико-материалистическое научное решение этого вопроса. В то же время эта статья есть полный ответ ведущему участнику физического форума сети рунет г. Игорю Старку на одну из его реплик в ходе его выступления на площадке физического форума sciteclibrary.ru. Ответ дан в стиле характерном для стиля общения на этом форуме. Автор ответа обращается и к г. Старку и ко всем участникам диалога, разговора.
Category: Classical Physics

[1216] viXra:1803.0159 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-11 05:58:43

Masses and Diameters of Five Fundamental Particles///Таблица масс и диаметров пяти элементарных частиц

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 5 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov © Masses and Diameters of five Fundamental Particles

To the attention of readers in this article we offer a table of values of masses and diameters of the five most known fundamental particles: tau particle, neutron, proton, muon, and electron. The physical quantities are presented in the table in SI units (m, kg) and in units of the absolute system of units. In this article two graphs are also presented, indicating the location of fundamental particles on a single hyperbola. ++++++++++ Вниманию читателей в настоящей статье предлагаются таблица значений масс и диаметров пяти самых известных элементарных частиц: тау-частицы, нейтрона, протона, мюона и электрона. Физические величины представлены в таблице в единицах СИ (m, kg) и в единицах абсолютной системы единиц. В настоящей статье представлены также два графика с указаниями мест размещения на гиперболе элементарных частиц.
Category: Classical Physics

[1215] viXra:1803.0129 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-09 07:15:03

Objects Spending Zero Time Interval

Authors: Yahya Sharif
Comments: 2 Pages.

This article aims to analyze mathematically objects spending zero time interval in reality.
Category: Classical Physics

[1214] viXra:1803.0044 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-04 03:30:05

Astronomers do not Know, How to Calculate Masses

Authors: Edgars Alksnis
Comments: 3 Pages.

Shortcomings of lucky guess of Newton, that central mass can be calculated, using orbital parameters of secondary celestial body are highlighted. Analysis of calculation from the point of vortical physics is made. Results support low viscosity Sun and semi-liquid Earth concepts.
Category: Classical Physics

[1213] viXra:1803.0037 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-02 13:03:33

Liar Paradox and Completeness of Theory

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 10 Pages.

Let us define the completeness of the complex system as a state where all individual components composing the system are in equilibrium. Mathematically it can be expressed as the case when the sum of systems constituents is equal to zero. Any deviation from the completeness state would be consequently defined as the incompleteness of the system. Here we postulate that the incompleteness of the system whether it is the formulation of any logical conclusion, the technical construction or physical law leads to paradoxes or instabilities of the system itself.
Category: Classical Physics

[1212] viXra:1803.0016 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-01 10:43:13

СУДЬБА Электромагнитная механика Вселенной Начала теории материи –––––– Виталий Парпура –––––– Аннотация В своей научно-популярной теории (гипотезе – по-научном

Authors: Vitaliy Parpura
Comments: 105 Pages. Русский

СУДЬБА Электромагнитная механика Вселенной Начала теории материи –––––– Виталий Парпура –––––– Аннотация В своей научно-популярной теории (гипотезе – по-научному) я изложил несколько иной взгляд на устройство мира, нежели принят ныне. Используя, как основу, старую добрую древ-негреческую идею эфира, вместо него, вводится понятие поля материи Вселенной как единст-венного источника бытия. Как единственной среды, которая создаёт всё в нашем мире, вклю-чая и духовный мир. Создаёт посредством силы материи (силы поля материи), также единой и единственной силы в Природе. Создаёт с помощью своих вихрей материи, идею которых наи-более подробно развил давно ещё Рене Декарт. Вихри материи – это кирпич и цемент Вселен-ной. Всё из материи! (Мечта Декарта). В этой работе даётся простое, и немного неожиданное, понимание сущности времени в физическом и пространственном аспектах. Даётся простое и наглядное толкование спина системы. Имеют место рассуждения об инерции, фотоне и электромагнитных волнах. Ут-верждается, что весь наш мир – это электромагнитный мир, созданный стоящими и бегущи-ми электромагнитными колебаниями плотности поля материи Вселенной. И в заключение предпринята попытка ввести в науку понятие Судьбы – судьбы человека, судьбы всего человечества и Судьбы Вселенной, как единой и единственной всеобщей электро-магнитной структуры поля материи Вселенной, виртуальное существование которой (одно-временно во всех временах) создаёт всеобщую предопределённость событий в Мире. Всё едино! – главная идея этой теории.
Category: Classical Physics

[1211] viXra:1803.0007 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-01 22:40:27

An Experimental Measurement of Power Amplification Effect Via Parasitic Dipole Inside Waveguide

Authors: Xiaodong Liu, Qichang Liang, Yu Liang
Comments: 4 Pages.

In this work, transmission coefficient S21 was measured through a waveguide. The electromagnetic wave entered into a waveguide through a horn at one end and it was measured at the other end. By inserting a parasitic dipole inside the waveguide, the wave amplitude at lower adjacent frequency of dipole resonant was amplified. This effect is similar to that of Yagi-Uda antenna in open space. It is stated in textbook that a Yagi-Uda antenna can diffract the electromagnetic wave in open space and focus the power in forward direction. However, a dipole inside a waveguide cannot diffract electromagnetic wave from the open space. The observation in this work indicated that the wave was amplified by the parasitic dipole.
Category: Classical Physics

[1210] viXra:1802.0431 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-28 23:11:46

The Inner Workings of Reality

Authors: RN Boyd, A Klein
Comments: Pages.

The SubQuantum microscope constructed in Serbia has made images of entities as small as 10e-95cm., well smaller than the Planck length. From the evidence provided by various direct instrumented observations, there is no lower bound to the small. The entire of all the sciences, including all of the physics, are described by and are originating from agglomerations and activities of SubQuantum Infinitesimals. SubQuantum Infinitesimal-based physics unifies all the sciences under one "umbrella", correcting the anomalies and paradoxes of QM and eliminating the mathematical fantasies of Einstein's version of relativity, while restoring Galilean relativity. All matter at all scales, all fields and forces, the life sciences and Consciousness physics are contained by the understandings inherent in the SubQuantum Infinitesimals, which are the smallest unit of matter, and at the same time, the smallest unit of Consciousness. This implies that everything has Consciousness and as well, memories of all that the given entity has ever experienced. That each infinitesimal has a memory, is implied by experimental results which have physically proved that the "vacuum" (actually a SubQuantum plenum)has memory, and by the experimentally observed vast arrays of information which are conveyed by the various vector potentials, which information is conveyed by the groups of infinitesimals which are causing the vector potentials. These experimental results, and others, imply that everything has some form of Experiential Consciousness. In addition, it has been shown that infinitesimals can traverse vast distances with velocities ranging up to an infinite velocity. This is the basis for all experimentally proven behaviors of quantum mechanics, including "non-local" phenomena, such as the quantum information field. The infinitesimals form a bipartite aether, composed of free aether entities traveling with velocities up to infinity and captive aether entities which are constrained to "clouds" surrounding and interpenetrating existing matter and by the local conveyances of the various forces. All existing matter constantly radiates and absorbs information-bearing infinitesimals, which process results in local and non-local experiential and emotional communications between all observables. Empirically, experiential and emotional information forms the entire basis of an undivided and Intelligent Universe.
Category: Classical Physics

[1209] viXra:1802.0421 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-28 11:43:44

A Casimir Effect-Based Propeller. A Possible Relation with the Cavity Structural Effect.

Authors: Mark Krinker
Comments: 3 Pages.

The paper considers origination of a thrust, basing on the Casimir Effect, by means of developing an angle between the resonator plates.
Category: Classical Physics

[1208] viXra:1802.0415 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-27 15:22:14

Substantiation Without Substance, A Perspective on the Incredible Intensity of the Inertial Force

Authors: Richard A Peters
Comments: 16 Pages.

The acceleration of an object in response to an external force is opposed by an inertial reaction force of the inertial field that is equal and opposite in direction to the external force. The inertial field applies this reaction force only throughout the volume of the object itself. The resistance to acceleration of a superdense object, such as a neutron star, demands a superdense particle density of the inertial field to support the enormous resistance to acceleration of the superdense object. To illustrate the intensity of the inertial reaction force, a thought experiment is conducted in space, free of gravitational forces, in which the motion of a small sample of neutron star material in response to an applied force is calculated. A sample mass of a neutron star of one cubic centimeter has a mass of 500 million metric tons. Apply a force of one thousand metric tons to this sample and it accelerates at 1 / 500,000 g. The sample appears immoveable. The inertial reaction force of one thousand metric tons is applied by the inertial field in opposition to the acceleration of the sample mass. The space, or rather what’s in the space that pervades the volume of the sample mass itself, is responsible for the resistance of the sample mass to acceleration. This space is not empty, but permeated with particles of the inertial field. Nothing outside the volume of the sample affects the acceleration of the sample mass. One cubic centimeter of what appears to be empty space applies an inertial reaction force of one thousand metric tons! By earthly standards this is colossal; by astronomical standards it’s commonplace. A real life counterpart to the thought experiment exists in a pair of neutron stars in orbit about their barycenter.
Category: Classical Physics

[1207] viXra:1802.0328 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-22 14:33:20

Theory of Sustentation

Authors: Soerivhe Iriene
Comments: 4 Pages.

atoms, have the same requirement, and receive this energy isotropically through space in the form of extremely small electromagnetic energy quanta, so far detected (no upper or lower magnitude limits
Category: Classical Physics

[1206] viXra:1802.0314 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-21 17:04:22

Application of Unified Atomic Mass Unit Revised

Authors: Sjaak Uitterdijk
Comments: 4 Pages.

The atomic mass unit has already been applied for more than 200 years. This article shows that the current application, in terms of the atomic mass number, is a factor of 10million times less accurate than can simply be realized, still using the existing atomic mass unit.
Category: Classical Physics

[1205] viXra:1802.0296 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-21 10:28:32

Hidden Parameters in the Universal Gravitational Constant

Authors: Richard A Peters
Comments: 35 Pages.

The acceleration profile about a gravitational body (GB) defines the acceleration of an object (comprising matter particles) toward the GB vs the distance of the object from the GB. The acceleration profile is not prescribed solely by the strength of the gravitational field, but depends on how an object reacts to that field. In the Newtonian model of gravity, two distinct properties of mass of the object define this reaction. It is shown that, without exception, these two properties of mass are not represented explicitly in equations defining the acceleration profile about a GB, but are sequestered within the universal gravitational constant G itself. The acceleration profile about a GB is proportional to the active gravitational mass of the GB and inversely proportional to the square of the distance from the GB. The universal gravitational constant G is a constant of proportionality in the profile. The acceleration profile is also proportional to the ratio of passive gravitational mass to inertial mass of objects in the gravitational field. However, this ratio is conspicuously absent in the equation for the acceleration profile about a GB. The reason for this omission might be the belief that the ratio is unity; that the passive gravitational mass and inertial mass of matter objects are numerically equal, regardless of the composition of the objects. The actual ratio may be sequestered in the gravitational constant G itself, provided that the ratio is the same for all matter particles and objects comprising matter particles. This identity has been confirmed in numerous experiments, but an alternative model offers a compelling explanation for this identity.
Category: Classical Physics

[1204] viXra:1802.0260 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-20 00:48:17

Inertial Force

Authors: Patel Arvind Rajkumar
Comments: 14 Pages. Sir I have made a formula on inertia. I have proven it both practically and mathematically. I want to see it. Help me make it public.I have also worked on some other topics that are available on my blog. This is my blog address - arvinrajsun1999.blogspot.

In this research I have given Formulas and Properties of Inertial force, law of required force for change in state of rest, state of motion with uniform velocity, state of motion with uniform angular velocity and law of required force for change in direction in straight line.
Category: Classical Physics

[1203] viXra:1802.0259 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-20 00:51:57

Air Pressure Differential Force

Authors: Patel Arvind Rajkumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Sir I have made a formula on inertia. I have proven it both practically and mathematically. I want to see it. Help me make it public.I have also worked on some other topics that are available on my blog. This is my blog address - arvinrajsun1999.blogspot.

In this research I have given Formula and hypothesis of Air pressure differential Force.
Category: Classical Physics

[1202] viXra:1802.0253 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-20 02:12:39

Field of Buoyancy Force

Authors: Patel Arvind Rajkumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Sir I have made a formula on inertia. I have proven it both practically and mathematically. I want to see it. Help me make it public.I have also worked on some other topics that are available on my blog. This is my blog address - arvinrajsun1999.blogspot.

In this research I have given hypothesis of field of buoyancy or buoyancy foce and its equation.
Category: Classical Physics

[1201] viXra:1802.0252 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-20 02:14:39

Intensity of Buoyancy Force

Authors: Patel Arvind Rajkumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Sir I have made a formula on inertia. I have proven it both practically and mathematically. I want to see it. Help me make it public.I have also worked on some other topics that are available on my blog. This is my blog address - arvinrajsun1999.blogspot.

In this research I have given hypothesis and formula of intensity of buoyancy force or buoyancy.
Category: Classical Physics

[1200] viXra:1802.0238 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-18 16:27:24

Evidence of Gravity Force at the Most Basic Universe Level

Authors: Kenneth D. Oglesby
Comments: 10 Pages. This paper is part of MC Physics' General Universe Theory

Four simple examples of the most basic mass particles in the Universe interacting with external charges and neutral matter are presented. Each example shows that the cause of the net attraction force of gravity, even at this most basic level of the Universe, is due to: required separation distance between postulated mono-charges/ monocharges; induction caused differential distances for repel and attraction forces (Rr>Ra causing Fr<Fa); and dispersion of weaker charges of the subject neutral mass particle.
Category: Classical Physics

[1199] viXra:1802.0230 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-19 02:00:50

New Concept of Space

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 10 Pages.

The perception of space in which objects and perhaps events have relative position and direction is one of first things people learn in their lives. Ultimately the space have always been important part of majority of physics theories, conceived as three linear infinite dimensions in classical mechanics or as four dimensional Einsteinian spacetime. If there is a force acting onto some object in space it would indicate presence of some force field as ultimate cause of the force itself. The contemporary physics would consider that all force fields found in the space are contained by that space. According to current main understanding in physics the space itself does not require any force field to be present. However there is no true evidence for existence of space without any force field(s) as well as there is no pure evidence for infinity of the space. It is only presumption. In contradiction to this very basic principle of contemporary physics, we here propose new concept that space and physical force field are mutually dependent entities of the same phenomena. If force field does not exist, then the corresponding space does not exist as well. And vice versa, if space does not exist, there is no force field present. As result of such principle it is possible to describe each specific force field with universal space equation, which has significant consequences.
Category: Classical Physics

[1198] viXra:1802.0203 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-16 10:16:11

Limited Universe

Authors: Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed
Comments: 2 Pages.

this world has limited applications
Category: Classical Physics

[1197] viXra:1802.0158 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-13 10:14:35

Computer Simulation of Bell Test Experiment Based on a Classical Wave Model

Authors: Alvydas Jakeliunas
Comments: 10 Pages.

Here we present computer simulation of Bell test experiment based on classical wave model of light.
Category: Classical Physics

[1196] viXra:1802.0112 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-09 13:33:31

Calculations Within Unified Field

Authors: Edgars Alksnis
Comments: 3 Pages.

Analysis of two-body four-force systems of celestial bodies.
Category: Classical Physics

[1195] viXra:1802.0101 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-08 19:14:03

A Unified Theory of All Fields and All Kinds of Matter. Easily. Handsomely. Available. Scientifically.

Authors: Alexander I. Dubiniansky, Pavel Churlyaev.
Comments: 14 Pages. 2005

A long-awaited unified theory of all fields was received, for which the giants of world physics fought so hard. In addition, it is shown that not only all fields, but all matter, are solutions of the same equation.
Category: Classical Physics

[1194] viXra:1802.0077 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-06 14:32:39

Cycle One

Authors: Frank H. Makinson
Comments: 6 Pages.

Cycle One identifies the spectrum position of an electromagnetic wave where the velocity has the same numeric value as the frequency. The interest in a Cycle One concept started when a geometric relationship was identified between wavelength and frequency. The frequency value is not arbitrary. The frequency value was mathematically predicted in 1944 and in 1951 it was detected coming from space. The triangle pair wavelength-frequency relationship would not have been recognized until after the 1951 radio astronomy discovery. The triangle pair relationship establishes a universal unit of length, a time duration, and allows a unit of energy to be defined.
Category: Classical Physics

[1193] viXra:1802.0063 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-06 11:17:41

Frequency Decrease of Light

Authors: D.H.W. Reffer
Comments: 9 Pages. This electromagnetic phenomenon replaces the Big-Bang theory/model/scenario.

This is a so slow phenomenon that its effect is undetectable in light emitted at distances as in our galaxy, but is significant in light coming from cosmological distances, hence the alias ”Cosmological Degeneration/Decay of Light”. On postulating the phenomenon’s existence, its law comes uniquely—an unprecedented case in physics. As main consequences, it: solves Digges-Olbers’ paradox, thus making possible cosmology with infinite universe; explains Hubble-Humason’s red- shift (or cosmological redshift), in agreement with Hubble’s constant’s inconstancy; explains Penzias and Wilosn’s CMB; explains the unexplained non-uniformity in CMB; replaces the Big-Bang theory/model/scenario. Two new predictions are made.
Category: Classical Physics

[1192] viXra:1801.0429 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-31 10:42:07

A Critique on the Definition of the si Unit Mole

Authors: Radhakrishnamurty Padyala
Comments: 4 Pages.

The Draft Chapter 2 for SI Brochure, following redefinition of the base units states, that the XXth CGPM adopted a new definition of the mole. A committee is set to redefine four base units – the ampere, the kilogram, the Kelvin and the mole. We find inconsistencies in the units of molar mass, molecular mass and the relation connecting them through Avogadro constant. There are also problems with the symbols and the terms ‘entity’ used in the definition of mole and the role of isotopes in the specification of an entity X. We give a critical analysis of these issues in this article.
Category: Classical Physics

[1191] viXra:1801.0424 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-31 14:44:21

Light on the Models of Photon and Electromagnetic Wave

Authors: Herbert Weidner
Comments: 12 Pages.

The idea that electromagnetic radiation is a stream of punctiform "photons" proves to be a well-suited model at wavelengths below a few nanometers. This picture is worthless at wavelengths beyond a few millimeters, because only the wave model can explain the observations. The question of how to imagine the generation of a photon is discussed using examples from the metrologically easily accessible radio area.
Category: Classical Physics

[1190] viXra:1801.0418 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-30 08:10:10

On the Speed of the Light in a Gravitational Field

Authors: José Francisco García Juliá
Comments: 2 Pages.

When a body emits a light, its speed decreases due to the gravity.
Category: Classical Physics

[1189] viXra:1801.0409 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-31 05:55:07

Theory of Nature in Definitions and Formulas \\\ Теория Природы в определениях и формулах

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 30 Pages. In Russian\ \ Robert Yusupov © Theory of Nature in Definitions and Formulas 30.01.2018

In this article, an attempt is made to present in a single article the author's view on the axiomatic construction of the foundations of physics. "Theory of Nature" of the author, the first version of which was ready 6 years ago in 2013, in its essence, is an axiomatic theory of the foundations of the universe, nature and the Universe. "Theory of Nature" actually, and not in words, puts matter at the center of all physics. Matter is introduced into the bosom of physics as the main physical quantity. Because of this, it is possible to build a building of physics, as a strictly axiomatic theory. "Theory of Nature" is a revolution in physics.\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ В настоящей статье предпринята попытка изложить в единой статье взгляд автора на аксиоматическое построение основ физики. «Теория Природы» (ТП) автора, первый вариант которой был готов 6 лет назад в 2013 году, по своей сути, представляет собой аксиоматическую теорию основ мироздания, природы и Вселенной. «Теория Природы» фактически, а не на словах, ставит материю во главу угла во всей физике. Материя вводится в лоно физики в качестве основной физической величины. Вследствие этого и удаётся построить здание физики, как строго аксиоматическую теорию. «Теория Природы» - это революция в физике.
Category: Classical Physics

[1188] viXra:1801.0394 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-29 07:32:23

Wandering Towards a Goal: How Can Mindless Mathematical Laws Give Rise to Aims and Intention?

Authors: Nainan K. Varghese
Comments: 4 Pages. Originally published in FQXi essay contest

Abstract: Mathematical deductions are nothing but exercises of human mind. Mathematical equations or laws have no mind of their own. Human minds manipulate information from various ‘cause and effect’ relations to form and interpret various mathematical laws and derive suitable equations. Therefore, it is the human minds that give rise to aims and intentions rather than mindless mathematics. Without human intelligence to formulate them from cause and effect relations, mathematical laws and equations remain mere sequential arrangements of notations.
Category: Classical Physics

[1187] viXra:1801.0387 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-28 17:35:59

Existence and Reality

Authors: Nainan K. Varghese
Comments: 2 Pages. Originally published on www.researchgate.net

Entire universe (and everything in it, including us) exists. Its existence is not one of many conjectural activities of human mind. Irrespective of presence of human race, the universe existed, is existing and will continue to exist in more or less in similar state. Generally considering, there are two levels of existence. First level of existence is that which does not depend on others for existence. Universe as a whole and its material constituents form this group. These are real entities. They are there because of their objectivity. Second level of existence is that which depends on others for existence. These are functional entities. Functional entities are born out of real entities and their relations. They are created by intellect of real entities for definite purposes.
Category: Classical Physics

[1186] viXra:1801.0362 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-26 08:41:16

The Riddle of the Mass of the Electron

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 5 Pages.

The magnetomechanical anomaly for electron leads to mass of electric charge equal to half the mass of the bare electron. On the other hand, the ratio of the spin magnetic moment to the Bohr magneton and the invariance of electric charge from the running fine structure constant show that only the mass is the sum of the bare mass and anomalous mass. The model of electron presented within the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST) shows the origin of the three different masses of electric charge of electron. Due to the fact that the bare electron is a closed system, it transforms as a four vector. More efficient energy source using a nuclear fusion depends on the true structure of the electrons and nucleons.
Category: Classical Physics

[1185] viXra:1801.0349 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-25 13:16:09

New Solution of Maxwell's Equations for Spherical Wave \\ Новое решение уравнений Максвелла для сферической волны

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 16 Pages. in Russian

It is noted that the known solution for a spherical electromagnetic wave does not satisfy the law of conservation of energy (it is retained only on the average), the electric and magnetic intensities of the same name (by coordinates) are in phase, only one from system of Maxwell's equations is satisfied, the solution is not wave solution, there is no flow of energy with real value. A solution is offered that is free from these shortcomings. \\ Отмечается, что известное решение для сферической электромагнитной волны не удовлетворяет закону сохранения энергии (она сохраняется только в среднем), одноименные (по координатам) электрические и магнитные напряженности синфазны, выполняется только одно из системы уравнений Максвелла, решение не является волновым, отсутствует поток энергии с реальным значением. Предлагается решение, свободное от этих недостатков.
Category: Classical Physics

[1184] viXra:1801.0348 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-25 13:18:27

New Solution of Maxwell's Equations for Spherical Wave

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 15 Pages.

It is noted that the known solution for a spherical electromagnetic wave does not satisfy the law of conservation of energy (it is retained only on the average), the electric and magnetic intensities of the same name (by coordinates) are in phase, only one from system of Maxwell's equations is satisfied, the solution is not wave solution, there is no flow of energy with real value. A solution is offered that is free from these shortcomings.
Category: Classical Physics

[1183] viXra:1801.0260 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-20 15:56:22

Yra-Model of the Universe+++yra-модель мироздания

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 32 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov © YRA-model of the universe

This article presents the author's YRA model of the universe. This model emerged as a result of research and analysis of the essence of nature. This model is the core of the author's "Theory of Nature". At the heart of this theory and the YRA-model of the universe lie the concepts of the philosophy of dialectical materialism. This is primarily the categories of matter and movement. "Theory of Nature" includes also the basics of physics and cosmology. These are the basic physical quantities and the concept of the Universe. At the heart of the materialistic YRA-model of the universe under consideration is moving matter. But this matter is not an abstract category of the philosophy, is matter in its concrete manifestation, as an entity, as a substance of nature. Within the framework of the YRA-model of the universe, the structure of the Universe on the Planck scale is represented by the quanta of matter that pulsate in the rhythm of nature. The quanta bursts (flashes) of matter quanta is the real picture of being on the Planck scale. The quantum of matter is represented in the form of atom (crupitsa) of matter or in the form of fundamental particle. Quantum of matter in its minimum manifestation (quantum collapse) is an atom (crupitsa) of matter. Quantum of matter in its maximum manifestation (quantum burst, flash) is a fundamental particle. One can imagine a quantum of matter as a matter ball with a diameter varying in the rhythm of nature. One can imagine a quantum of matter as a matter tandem "atom (crupitsa) of matter - fundamental particle" pulsating in the rhythm of nature. The matter pulsing in the rhythm of nature, the quantum of matter pulsating in the rhythm of nature - that is what lies at the basis of our universe. Key words: nature, matter, universe, dialectics, dialectical materialism, atom (crupitsa) of matter, Singularity, Universe, pulsation, rhythm of nature, frequency, time, physics, cosmology. ++++++++++++++++++++++++++ В настоящей статье представлена авторская YRA-модель мироздания. Эта модель появилась в результате исследований и анализа сущности природы. Эта модель является ядром авторской «Теории Природы» (ТП). В основе этой теории и модели мироздания лежат понятия философии диалектического материализма. Это в первую очередь категории материя и движение. ТП включает в себя также основы физики и космологии. Это основные физические величины и понятие Вселенной. В основе рассматриваемой материалистической YRA-модели мироздания лежит движущаяся материя. Но это не абстрактная категория философии, это материя в ее конкретном проявлении, как сущность, как субстанция природы. В рамках модели мироздания структура Вселенной на планковском масштабе представлена пульсирующими в ритме природы квантами материи. Квантовые всплески квантов материи – вот реальная картина бытия на планковском масштабе. Квант материи представлен в форме крупиц материи и элементарных частиц. Квант материи в своём минимальном проявлении (квантовый схлоп) представляет собой крупицу материи. Квант материи в своём максимальном проявлении (квантовый всплеск) представляет собой элементарную частицу. Можно представить себе квант материи, как изменяющийся в ритме природы в размерах (в диаметре) материальный шарик, или как пульсирующий в ритме природы материальный тандем «крупица материи – элементарная частица». Пульсирующая в ритме природы материя, пульсирующий в ритме природы квант материи – вот что лежит в основе мироздания. Ключевые слова: природа, материя, мироздание, диалектика, диалектический материализм, крупица материи, Сингулярность, Вселенная, пульсация, ритм природы, частота, время, физика, космология
Category: Classical Physics

[1182] viXra:1801.0259 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-20 07:34:44

On the Existence of Magnetic Monopoles and the Invariance of Maxwell's Equations Under Time Reversal

Authors: Akash Kumar Saha
Comments: Pages.

Maxwell's equations in Classical Electrodynamics do not contain any magnetic monopole. As a matter of fact there is no experimental evidence of the magnetic monopoles till now. But still the presence of magnetic monopoles explore a wonderful symmetry in Maxwell's Equations and modern theories like String Theory,Grand Unified Theory(GUT) agree with the presence of monopoles. Paul Dirac tried to introduce magnetic monopoles through the idea of 'Dirac String'.In this paper we will find that magnetic monopoles can be introduced without affecting the classical framework just by defining two auxiliary fields which behave just like electric(E)and magnetic(B) fields. Besides these auxiliary fields can also make Maxwell's Equations symmetric under time reversal.
Category: Classical Physics

[1181] viXra:1801.0245 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-19 06:35:03

On the Fundamentals of Physics+++Об основах физики

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 29 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov © On the Fundamentals of Physics

Nature, the world around us is material and discrete at the Planck scale. Natural units of nature such as length, mass and time are inextricably linked among themselves. Their unity is materialized in the atom of matter. Matter, as the physical quantity should be introduced into the bosom of physics. This is requirement of material nature, it is a requirement of our time, it is a requirement of logic progress of development associated with the development of natural science, the sciences of nature and especially physics. But the spirit of materialism pervades not modern physics. "Physical" idealism determines the outlook of physicists. The fundamentals of physics should be based on the matter rather than illusions and ambitions of the vast majority of modern physicists. Matter is the basis of the nature and it should be the basis (the basic physical quantity) of physics, that's the main content of this article. Keywords: nature, matter, length, mass, time, atom (crupitsa) of matter, fine structure constant, physical quantity, natural system of units, law of nature ==================== Природа, окружающий нас мир материальны и дискретны на планковском масштабе. Натуральные единицы природы длина, масса и время неразрывно связаны между собой. Их единство материализуется в крупице материи. Материя, как физическая величина должна быть введена в лоно физики. Это требование материальной природы, это требование сегодняшнего времени, это требование логики развития прогресса, связанного с развитием естествознания, наук о природе и в первую очередь физики. Но дух материализма не пронизывает современную физику. «Физический» идеализм определяет мировоззрение физиков. В основах физики должна лежать материя, а не иллюзии и амбиции, подавляющего большинства современных физиков. Материя - основа природы и она должна стать основой (основной физической величиной) физики, вот основное содержание настоящей статьи. Ключевые слова: природа, материя, длина, масса, время, крупица материи, постоянная тонкой структуры, физическая величина, натуральная система единиц, закон природы
Category: Classical Physics

[1180] viXra:1801.0244 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-19 06:39:38

Natural Physical Units++++Натуральные единицы природы

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 15 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov © Natural physical units

The idea of the Planck quantities of length, mass and time as the natural units of nature is perceived by the author as a guide to action. The author in present paper describes his approach to solving the problem of natural units of nature. At the heart of the reasoning of the author the defining formulas proposed by the author lie. These are formulas for fundamental physical quantities, such as speed of light in vacuum and the Newtonian constant of gravitation. Such formulas in the modern physics theory (MPT) are not present. These defining formulas naturally and simply are introduced into viewing. One more defining formula is considered in article. This is the momentum formula. In all these defining formulas natural communication between physical quantities of length, mass and time is expressed. This approach proved to be effective and successful, and allowed to solve the problem of natural physical units. Keywords: nature, matter, length, mass, time, atom (crupitsa) of the matter, fine structure constant, physical quantity, natural system of units, laws of nature ======================= Идея планковских величин длины, массы и времени, как естественных единиц измерения природы воспринята автором, как руководство к действию. Автор в настоящей статье описывает свой подход к решению проблемы натуральных единиц природы. В основе рассуждений автора лежат определяющие формулы, предложенные автором. Это формулы для фундаментальных физических величин, таких как скорость света в вакууме и гравитационная постоянная Ньютона. Таких формул в теории современной физики (ТСФ) нет. Эти формулы естественным образом и весьма просто вводятся в рассмотрение. Ещё одна определяющая формула рассматривается в статье. Это формула импульса. Во всех этих определяющих формулах выражается натуральная связь между физическими величинами длины, массы и времени. Указанный подход оказался эффективным и удачным и позволил решить проблему натуральных единиц природы. Ключевые слова: природа, материя, длина, масса, время, крупица материи, постоянная тонкой структуры, физическая величина, натуральная система единиц, законы природы
Category: Classical Physics

[1179] viXra:1801.0239 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-18 16:13:30

On the Refinement of the Meaning and Value of Elementary Charge (Об уточнении смысла и значения элементарного заряда)

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 21 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov © On the refinement of the meaning and value of elementary charge

In this paper, the natural system of units of mass, length and time, as a further development of the Planck system of units, is supplemented by the introduction of a physical quantity by the electric charge. To do this, we had to slightly modify the formula of Coulomb's law. This entailed the refinement of numerical values for physical quantities of elementary and Planck charges. All this, ultimately, led to an understanding of the relationship between unit of electrical charge and matter. Matter (in the form of a natural unit of matter) is introduced into the bosom of physics as the basic physical quantity. This is truly a revolutionary step. This step returns the physics to the bosom of materialism. This step is a twist of physics to the nature. This step is a rejection of the idealistic illusions and traditions that prevailed in physics during the last century. Physics finally and irrevocably passes to the foundation of dialectical materialism. Keywords: nature, time, matter, atom (crupitsa) of matter, physical quantity, natural system of units, laws of nature ************************* В настоящей статье натуральная система единиц массы, длины и времени, как дальнейшее развитие планковской системы единиц, дополняется введением физической величины электрический заряд. Для этого пришлось несколько видоизменить формулу закона Кулона. Это повлекло за собой уточнение числовых значений для физических величин элементарный и планковский заряды. Всё это, в конечном счёте, привело к пониманию взаимосвязи между этими единицами электрического заряда и материей. Материя (в форме натуральной единицы материи) вводится в лоно физики в качестве основной физической величины. Это поистине революционный шаг. Это возврат физики в лоно материализма. Это поворот физики к природе. Это отказ от идеалистических иллюзий и традиций, господствовавших в физике на протяжении последнего столетия. Физика окончательно и бесповоротно переходит на фундамент диалектического материализма. Ключевые слова: природа, время, материя, крупица материи, физическая величина, натуральная система единиц, законы природы
Category: Classical Physics

[1178] viXra:1801.0237 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-18 17:58:09

Generalized System of Natural Units (Обобщённая система натуральных единиц)

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 25 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov © Generalized system of natural units

Natural system of units of mass, length and time is a refinement of the Planck unit system. The natural system is a "natural system of units of measurement", which attracted the attention of Max Planck and other physicists. But this system is incomplete. It is not a unit of the electricity. Unit of the electricity should be added to the natural units of the system. The solution of this problem is addressed in this article. This article presents a solution to another problem. This is problem of the connection between the units of length (m), mass (kg) and time (s). The fine structure constant is a solution to this problem. Keywords: nature, time, matter, atom (crupitsa) of matter, elementary electric charge, the fine structure constant, physical quantities, natural system of units, laws of nature ************************* Натуральная система единиц массы, длины и времени является уточнением планковской системы единиц. Натуральная система и является «естественной системой единиц измерения», поисками которой занимался М. Планк и другие физики. Но эта система неполна. В ней отсутствует единица электричества. Единица электричества должна быть добавлена в натуральную систему единиц. Решению этой проблемы и посвящена настоящая статья. Решение этой проблемы затрагивает проблему о соотношении единиц метра, килограмма и секунды. Удалось открыть закономерность, что в основе решения этой второй проблемы лежит постоянная тонкой структуры. Ключевые слова: природа, время, материя, крупица материи, электрический заряд, постоянная тонкой структуры, физическая величина, натуральная система единиц, законы природы
Category: Classical Physics

[1177] viXra:1801.0236 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-18 18:52:46

The Mystery of Time (Time and Its Duration)==///==Тайна времени (о времени и его длительности)

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 13 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov © The mystery of time (time and its duration)

In this paper we consider the time and duration as its essential attribute. Time is a fact of our existence. Nothing can exist outside of time. Time is a reality. Time is used everywhere in physics. Time as a physical quantity defined in physics. There is a standard unit of time second. However, the second and other possible standards of the time have not been used directly standard of duration. We do not know the actual time duration of our second and any time interval. But the original essence of time lies in its duration. But we somehow manage to ignore the duration of time. In the present paper the author's solution of a problem of duration of time is presented. Keywords: nature, time, duration of time, atom (crupitsa) of the matter, fine structure constant, physical quantity, natural system of units, laws of nature ********************* В настоящей статье рассматривается время и его неотъемлемый атрибут длительность. Время это факт нашего существования. Ничто не может существовать вне времени. Время это реальность. Время всюду используется в физике. Время, как физическая величина определена в физике. Есть эталон единицы времени секунда. Но этот и другие возможные эталоны времени не используют напрямую эталон длительности. Мы не знаем реальной длительности единицы нашего времени секунды и любого интервала времени. Но изначальная сущность времени заключена в его длительности. Но мы как-то умудряемся не замечать длительность времени. В настоящей статье представлено авторское решение проблемы длительности времени. Ключевые слова: природа, время, длительность времени, крупица материи, постоянная тонкой структуры, физическая величина, натуральная система единиц, законы природы
Category: Classical Physics

[1176] viXra:1801.0231 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-18 05:26:46

О зависимости физических величин массы, длины и времени (On the Dependence of Physical Quantities Mass, Length and Time)

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 22 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov © On the dependence of physical quantities mass, length and time

In this article the problem of natural physical quantities is considered. This issue was considered by many physicists. You can mention such names as George Stoney and Max Planck. The name of the latter in the physics associated with quantities of the so-called Planck mass, Planck length and Planck time. These quantities are good candidates for the natural unit of nature. On the other hand the physical quantities mass, length and time are considered as independent quantities in the theory of modern physics. The author made the assumption that these values are dependent. In nature, there is a very strong material unbreakable bond that connects them together. This is a fundamental law of nature. Having come to know this law, we will solve the problem of natural physical quantities. Keywords: nature, time, physical quantities, Planck quantities, natural system of units =================== В настоящей статье рассматривается проблема натуральных физических величин. Эта проблема рассматривалась многими физиками. Можно назвать такие имена, как Джордж Стони или Макс Планк. С именем последнего в физике связаны так называемые планковские величины массы, длины и времени. Эти величины являются кандидатами в натуральные единицы природы. С другой стороны физические величины масса, длина и время считаются независимыми величинами в теории современной физики. Автор сделал предположение, что эти величины зависимы. В природе есть очень прочная неразрывная материальная связь, которая соединяет их воедино. Это фундаментальный закон природы. Познав этот закон, мы решаем проблему натуральных физических величин. Ключевые слова: природа, время, физические величины, планковские величины, натуральная система единиц
Category: Classical Physics

[1175] viXra:1801.0230 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-18 05:33:56

On the Matter as a Physical Quantity (О материи, как физической величине)

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 17 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov © On the matter as a physical quantity

In the present article the author considers a hypothetical object of modern physics as Planck elementary particle. But the author expresses confidence in its real existence. But this is more the refined Planck particle. Updates touched quantities such as the Planck mass, Planck length and Planck time. These clarifications are the consequence of the open law of the nature which states that the physical quantities mass, length and time are dependent quantities and the Planck momentum is the dimensionless physical quantity exactly equal to 1. Further progress in this direction leads us to an understanding of what matter and as matter specifically disclosed in the Planck particle. In article it is explained, how the concept of matter should be entered into a bosom of physics as the basic physical quantity. Keywords: nature, time, matter, particle of matter, physical quantities Planck values, natural system of units ******************** В настоящей статье рассматривается такой гипотетического объект современной физики, как планковская элементарная частица. Причём автор выражает уверенность в её реальном существовании. Но это несколько уточнённая планковская частица. Уточнения коснулись таких величин как планковская масса, планковская длина и планковское время. Эти уточнения являются следствием открытого закона природы, который гласит, что физические величины масса, длина и время являются зависимыми величинами и планковский импульс есть безразмерностная единица. Дальнейшее продвижение в этом направлении приводит нас к пониманию того, что такое материя и как материя конкретно представлена в планковской частице. В статье разъясняется, как понятие материя следует ввести в лоно физики в качестве основной физической величины. Ключевые слова: природа, время, материя, крупица материи, физические величины, планковские величины, натуральная система единиц
Category: Classical Physics

[1174] viXra:1801.0214 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-17 22:29:04

Письмо в РАН /open Letter to the Ras

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 15 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov © Open Letter to the RAS

This letter was sent to the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) in November last year. The letter raises a question before the RAS about the "Theory of Nature" of the author. The author asks authoritative physicists and professionals to give their objective impartial conclusion on the "Theory of Nature", which the author defines and positions as a new materialistic physics and cosmology. "Theory of Nature" has existed exactly 6 years. "Theory of Nature" is a revolution in physics and cosmology. "The theory of nature" is a new physics, materialistic physics. "Theory of Nature" does not reject indiscriminately existing physics. From the standpoint of dialectical materialism and nature, the foundation of modern physics is being revised. It is known that in the foundation of modern physics there are seven basic physical quantities: mass, length, time, electric current, thermodynamic temperature, amount of substance, luminous intensity. Within the framework of the "Theory of Nature" it is shown and explained that as the basic physical quantities underlying the physics, it is enough to take two quantities, one of which must be matter. Thus naturally the matter should be entered into a bosom of physics as the base physical quantity. ============================== Это письмо было направлено в адрес РАН в ноябре прошлого года. В письме ставится вопрос перед ОФН РАН о «Теории Природы» автора. Автор просит авторитетных физиков, профессионалов дать своё объективное беспристрастное заключение по «Теории Природы», которую автор определяет и позиционирует, как новую материалистическую физику и космологию. «Теория Природы» существует уже ровно 6 лет. «Теория Природы» – это революция в физике и космологии. «Теория природы» – это новая физика, материалистическая физика. «Теория Природы» не отвергает огульно существующую физику. С позиций диалектического материализма и природы пересматривается фундамент современной физики. Известно, что в фундаменте современной физики лежат семь основных физических величин: масса, длина, время, сила тока, термодинамическая температура, количество вещества, сила света. В рамках «Теории Природы» показывается и разъясняется, что в качестве основных физических величин, лежащих в основании физики, достаточно взять две величины, одна из которых должна быть материей. При этом естественно материя должна быть введена в лоно физики в качестве основной физической величины.
Category: Classical Physics

[1173] viXra:1801.0116 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-09 16:08:24

An Analytical Form of the Boscovich Curve with Applications

Authors: Augustus Prince
Comments: 51 Pages. Work submitted of Augustus Prince by Roger Anderton and Bill Ryan

Using an analysis from a physical and phenomenological viewpoint employing the renowned and recognized continuity of Boscovich’s force curve, a new paradigm is formulated to explicate various physical phenomena in both the microworld and the macro-world. Within this paradigm, an algorithm is established which produced a functional representation of the atomic spectra of hydrogen and a temperature dependent blackbody energy distribution of radiation which compares very favorably with the experimental data. Further representations afford suggestions for the predictions of the specific heat of solids, photoelectric effect, etc. The Boscovichian points are assumed to move under the action of a force (acceleration) that varies inversely proportional to the cube of the radius from the point center, which leads to an orbit described by an equiangular (logarithmic) spiral. This spiral is subsequently used to simulate the concepts used in phyllotaxis (a constituent of plant morphology) and the gnomonic growth of mollusk shells (e.g. nautilus). The intercepts for the stable and unstable points on the Boscovich curve, which are the roots of the equation used, are calculated via the application of Fibonacci-type sequence of integers. In addition, utilizing the shape of Boscovich's "extended" curve of force (acceleration), the prospect of interpreting the mysterious attractive force beyond the visible Newtonian region of space (e.g. black holes, dark energy, etc.) is proposed. It is hoped that this phenomenological approach will serve as a beginning for description of both the micro-universe and the macrouniverse.
Category: Classical Physics

[1172] viXra:1801.0095 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-08 08:18:20

Heat

Authors: Nainan K. Varghese
Comments: 7 Pages. Originally published in General Science Journal

Abstract: Presently, ‘heat’ is understood as a type of energy and ‘heating’ as a process of transfer of energy. Energy, being ability to do work, is a quality and hence a functional entity. Functional entities have neither objective reality nor positive existence in space. Therefore, energy has neither form, nor structure, nor real existence. However, in contemporary physics, energy (an imaginary entity) is treated almost like a real entity with form, structure, objective reality with ability to transfer and can change forms. It is currently used as cause of actions, where no other cause is obvious. According to an alternative concept, presented in the book, ‘MATTER (Re-examined)’, energy is a functional entity that develops wherever and whenever work is done in association with a three-dimensional matter-body. Heating is a process of reducing three-dimensional matter-content level of a macro body. In any body, its 3D matter-content and work associated with its integrity and state are complimentary and support each other. 3D matter-content of a body is the quantity of matter it contains in the form of basic 3D matter-particles. Energy-content about a body is the strain developed, due to distortions (work-done), in universal medium about the body.
Category: Classical Physics

[1171] viXra:1801.0074 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-06 18:38:49

Masses and Diameters of the Five Fundamental Particles

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 6 Pages. In Russian

In this paper we present a table of the values of the masses and diameters of the five fundamental particles (tau particle, neutron, proton, muon, electron) and the crupitsa (atom) of matter underlying all fundamental particles. These calculations are carried out in the framework of "Theory of Nature" by the author. The first version of the "Theory of Nature" was ready in May 2013. "Theory of Nature" is a revolutionary breakthrough in physics, and in our knowledge of nature and its fundamental laws.//======// В настоящей статье представлена таблица значений масс и диаметров пяти элементарных частиц (тау-частицы, нейтрона, протона, мюона, электрона) и крупицы материи, лежащей в основе всех элементарных частиц. Эти расчёты выполнены в рамках «Теории Природы» автора. Первая версия ТП была готова в мае 2013 года. «Теория Природы» - это революционный прорыв в физике, и в наших знаниях природы и её фундаментальных законов.
Category: Classical Physics

[1170] viXra:1801.0048 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-04 14:59:36

"Geomagnetic Pole” Shift Should Reduce Inclination of Earth’s Orbit and Lunar Orbital Distance

Authors: Edgars Alksnis
Comments: 2 Pages.

„Geomagnetic pole” shift will weaken Earth’s vortex, this should reduce Earth’s orbital inclination. Orbital distance of the Moon might be also reduced. Сдвиг “геомагнитных полюсов” должен ослабить земной вихрь. Это должно привести к снижению орбитального наклона Земной орбиты а также к снижению величины орбитальной дистанции Луны.
Category: Classical Physics

[1169] viXra:1801.0037 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-03 13:17:01

Turbulence, a Controlled Route of Energy from Order Into Chaos

Authors: Udo E. Steinemann
Comments: 10 Pages.

One of the earliest attemps to understand turbulence dated back to a theory of L.F. RICHARDSON, later enhanced by A.N. KOLMOGOROV. By this theory turbulence is considered as energy-transfer taking place in cascade-form between eddies of various orders of magnitude. The transfer gets stated by disturbance acting on fibre-eddies and is evaluated by stretching of the fibres. This can explain many topics, but it is impossible this way to determine the cascade-structure and its development more detailed. In order to step forward, one will have to provide e.g. numbers of eddies for every cascade-generation, eddies sizes and their appropriate life-times and a characterization of the disturbance as well. For this reason the eddy- model will be replaced by a spinning sphere with surface-tension and a specified disturbance acting on it. Due to this, decay of an eddy can be explained as a partitioning of a sphere into equal parts in a self-organizing balance between disturbance and a reaction forced by surface-tension. Eeddies life-times as well as increases in phase-speed can then be determined. The disturbance-signal is specified as a sum of resonance-terms, each prepared for acting on a sphere of a proper size. On account of these model-extensions, turbulence comes out as a controlled route of energy from order into chaos, similar to many other dynamical Systems too.
Category: Classical Physics

[1168] viXra:1801.0014 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-02 23:18:22

Gravity Mechanism and the Source of All Fundamentals.

Authors: Durgadas Datta.
Comments: 4 Pages. Helps us to understand our universe and the laws of creation.

The BIG BOUNCE CREATED OUR UNIVERSE WITH SUITABLE LAWS AND FUNDAMENTALS .
Category: Classical Physics

[1167] viXra:1712.0658 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-29 06:42:48

Relation Between the Gravitational and Magnetic Fields

Authors: Jose Garrigues Baixauli
Comments: pages 8, figures 4, J Phys Math 7: 169. (2016) http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2090-0902.1000169 Book: Classic 4D Model Of the Discrete Universe I: Quantum Chapter 11, pages 99-102 Scholar Press (2017) Copyright: © 2016 Baixauli JG. This is an open-access

Quantum and relativistic phenomena can be explained by the hypothesis that both the universe and the elementary particles are formed by atoms’ four spatial dimensions. It is also possible to deduce and calculate properties of elementary particles, such as mass, electric charge, spin, radio, etc. Based on this hypothesis, the fundamental constants can be calculated depending only on the speed of light c. Moreover, the Schrodinger equation can be deduced and the equality of inertial and gravitational mass can be demonstrated. The aim of this article is to establish a relationship between electron mass and electron charge, and thereby calculate the electrical charge depending on the mass of the electron, Planck's constant h and the speed of light c. Through this relationship, extended to the gravitational and magnetic fields, it is possible to establish a relationship between the constants of both fields.
Category: Classical Physics

[1166] viXra:1712.0645 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-28 05:12:45

Verification of the Non-Existent of Charge by Experiment

Authors: Fan Wei
Comments: 4 Pages.

The latest experiment implies the non-existent of charge, which is against the widely accepted common sense. The history of physics is going to be changed.
Category: Classical Physics

[1165] viXra:1712.0642 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-28 08:23:54

Estimation of the Earth's ``Unperturbed" Perihelion from Times of Solstices and Equinoxes

Authors: James A. Smith
Comments: 12 Pages.

Published times of the Earth's perihelions do not refer to the perihelions of the orbit that the Earth would follow if unaffected by other bodies such as the Moon. To estimate the timing of that ``unperturbed" perihelion, we fit an unperturbed Kepler orbit to the timings of the year 2017's equinoxes and solstices. We find that the unperturbed 2017 perihelion, defined in that way, would occur 12.93 days after the December 2016 solstice. Using that result, calculated times of the year 2017's solstices and equinoxes differ from published values by less than five minutes. That degree of accuracy is sufficient for the intended use of the result.
Category: Classical Physics

[1164] viXra:1712.0639 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-28 12:06:06

Mass and Ground State Energy of the Oscillator of a Black Body and the Lowest Radiation Temperature

Authors: Arijit Bag
Comments: 3 Pages.

According to the Planck’s theory of black body radiation, a black body is a collection of oscillators which are responsible for its radiation. There are no results available in the literature about the mass and vibrational ground state energy of the oscillator. In the present research, ground state energy and mass of the oscillator are calculated from Planck’s theory of black body radiation and de Broglie’s wave particle duality relation. It is observed that the mass of the oscillator is 1.6 × 10^{−39} kg and vibrational ground state energy is 3.587 × 10^{−23} J subject to the constraint that the minimum temperature for radiation of a black body is 2.598K.
Category: Classical Physics

[1163] viXra:1712.0634 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-27 22:03:29

Anatomy of Radiation And Propagation

Authors: Cres Huang
Comments: Pages.

We hear the word radiation often. We see waves revealed by water, and air wave above hot surface. We feel the air (wind) and hear it's motion (sound), even see the supersonic shack wave of air.  How particle, wave, radiant energy, or EMR is different from perceivable world in our day to day life? Shouldn't there be fundamental principles that governing the action of matter and it's interaction with it's environment?

Even a lone particle stands out from it's background. Any object broadcasts it's existence, from insignificant to strong, simple to complex. It will never stop regardless it is observable to us or not. Action of object casts force (energy) into the environment. It can be contact force that requires media to spread, or action-at-a-distance force that does not. Energy is passed onto next neighbors and spread out. The collected interactions of neighbors will be in the form of waves. It is the fundamental activity of action-reaction-interaction of an object and environment.

Oscillating piano string with hummer, it makes sound and heat. Dust or water droplets on th string will be shook off. Oscillating it with electricity, it produces heat and light. Particles are radiated when oscillated in high energy. Certainly, the structure of the string will not survive long in such intense. Comparing to what the Sun is doing, do you see the similarity?  Isn't the Sun is oscillating at the intense of destruction?


Category: Classical Physics

[1162] viXra:1712.0606 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-26 06:48:43

Theoretical Lower Limit of Mass of Phonon and Critical Mass for Matter-Dark Matter Conversion

Authors: Arijit Bag
Comments: 6 Pages.

In this article, theoretical lower limit of mass of phonon and critical mass for matter-dark matter conversion is presented. Using Planck’s equation for black body radiation and de Broglie’s wave particle duality, we can get a relation between mass of phonon and frequency of emitted radiation which opens up several questions and possibilities. From this relation, with few assumptions, we may have a critical mass bellow which we have dark matter and above we get normal matter. With the help of this relation, maximum matter density and limit of string length may be reviewed. Calculated critical mass, considering the present value of Planck’s constant and Boltzmann constant, is 7.367 × 10^{−51} Kg. It is also observed that if phonon obeys de Broglie’s equation, generation of an electromagnetic radiation of frequency less than 56638721410Hz is not possible by thermal heating.
Category: Classical Physics

[1161] viXra:1712.0605 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-26 06:53:08

Physical Interpretation of de Broglie’s Wave Particle Duality Relation in a Phonon

Authors: Arijit Bag
Comments: 5 Pages.

Using Planck’s postulates for black body radiation and wave particle duality relation of de Broglie we can get a relation between mass of a phonon and emission frequency of a body at different temperatures. Using boundary condition lower limit of mass of a phonon is calculated which is 7.36 × 10^{−51} kg.
Category: Classical Physics

[1160] viXra:1712.0592 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-25 00:20:15

Chemical Action

Authors: Nainan K. Varghese
Comments: 7 Pages.

Abstract: Atoms are stable and self-stabilizing 3D matter-bodies, which spin about their nuclear/atomic axes. Unless in extreme conditions or due to accidents, no part of atom may removed from it and under no circumstance additional parts may be included in the structure of stable atom. Atoms of all elements (except those of inert elements) have resultant external fields about them. Complimentary atoms arrange themselves to form groups until most of their resultant external fields are inhibited by rotary motion the atoms in planes across their atomic axes. Molecules form crystals and other groups in similar manner for the same purpose. In order to form different combinations of atoms and/or molecules, it is necessary to break present bonds between atoms or between molecules by varying their rotary speeds to enable their resultant external fields to be effective and form different kinds of groups (molecules, crystals, etc.). These actions are generally known as chemical actions.
Category: Classical Physics

[1159] viXra:1712.0583 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-23 23:41:31

Proposed Fundamental Principles

Authors: Cres Huang
Comments: 2 Pages.

The infinite dynamic of the universe is maintained by the fundamental principle; infinite, independent, identity, perfect recycle, coherent, complement, and interaction principle.
Category: Classical Physics

Replacements of recent Submissions

[504] viXra:1805.0048 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-03 01:34:21

Introducing Light Force

Authors: Dmitri Martila
Comments: 10 Pages.

Why Earth momentum keeps same angle to the orbit, but moment of momentum changes its angle to the orbit (and to the momentum)? Both momentums behave like vectors (if no reflections) in an inertial coordinate system.
Category: Classical Physics

[503] viXra:1805.0045 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-01 21:14:49

Frequency Steerable Endfire Antenna based on an Spoof-surface Plasmon Polariton E-plane Transmission Line

Authors: Louis WY LIU
Comments: 11 Pages. 2018 IEEE INDIAN CONFERENCE ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION (InCAP)

This paper presents an antenna that generates a frequency steerable endfire electromagnetic radiation out of a spoof surface plasmon polariton (SSPP) transmission line mounted in the center E-plane of a rectangular waveguide. The SSPP transmission has both its upper edge and lower edge patterned with corrugated metal slot/gap arrays of the same period. However, the slot depth on the corrugated pattern along the upper edge is different from the slot depth on the corrugated pattern along the lower edge. This arrangement creates a difference in surface impedance between the upper corrugated edge and the low corrugated edge on the SSPP transmission line, thus allowing the angle of the endfire radiation to be shifted upwards and downwards. According to our simulation, the angle of endfire radiation can be shifted by at least 10 degree simply by varying the operating frequencies.
Category: Classical Physics

[502] viXra:1804.0251 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-01 22:14:08

Newton’s First Law Revisited

Authors: Ramzi Suleiman
Comments: 10 Pages.

Newton’s first law is expressed in textual form. It states that, unless acted upon by a net unbalanced force, an object will remain at rest, or move uniformly forward in a straight line. Accordingly, “inertial motion” means uniform rectilinear motion, while uniform circular motion is considered to be a noninertial, accelerated motion. This differentiation has resulted in the aftermath in different analytical treatments of the two types, both in classical and relativistic physics. In this short note, we show, based on Newton’s laws, that, contrary to the conventional differentiation between rectilinear and circular systems of motion, the two are dynamically equivalent, such that the set of laws describing the dynamics of one system correspond to an identical set of laws describing the dynamics of the second. An immediate corollary for the special case of uniform motion is that Newtonian physics is inconsistent with his first law and is, instead, consistent with Galileo’s definition of inertial motion. To rectify the apparent inconsistency, we propose a natural modification of the first law, which incorporates the case of uniform circular motion. By means of this inclusion, the first law can retain its unique standing, as a separate law that could not be deduced from the second law as a special case. We formulate the modified law textually and mathematically and comment briefly on the implication of the proposed modification to the theory and education of classical, and relativistic physics.
Category: Classical Physics

[501] viXra:1804.0140 [pdf] replaced on 2018-04-21 10:58:04

Is there an Unknown Field Type?

Authors: Michael Singer
Comments: 7 Pages.

Electromagnetic radiation does not appear to follow the rules of general wave mechanics as the energy pulses rather than flows continually as happens in every other wave type. If, however, we assume the existence of another undetectable field or energy system alternating with the electromagnetic field then electromagnetic radiation collapses to the standard form. Such a field might turn up elsewhere, and this paper considers the so-called 4/3rd problem, where, if we take the electric field as supplying the momentum of an electric particle, only ¾ of the rest energy of the particle is needed to exist in the electric field for this. . (in Electromagnetic Field Theory model there are many papers on the momentum of electric and magnetic fields and momentum is just inertia by another name, although in the Quantum Mechanics model the concept is deprecated). Is it possible that the last ¼ of the rest energy is related to such a putative field? Is there a field type that we cannot detect except by its interaction with the electromagnetic fields, present in both matter and in electromagnetic waves?
Category: Classical Physics

[500] viXra:1802.0238 [pdf] replaced on 2018-02-19 20:25:56

Evidence of Gravity at the Most Basic Universe Level

Authors: Kenneth D. Oglesby
Comments: 10 Pages. This paper is related to MC Physics theories and prior papers.

Four simple examples of the most basic mass particles known in the Universe are shown interacting with both external charges and neutral matter and causing attraction gravity forces. Each example shows that the cause of the net attraction force of gravity, even at this most basic level of the Universe, is due to: required separation distance between postulated mono-charges/ monocharges; charge induction caused differential distances for repel and attraction forces (Rr>Ra causing Fr<Fa); and dispersion of weaker charges of the subject neutral mass particle.
Category: Classical Physics

[499] viXra:1802.0230 [pdf] replaced on 2018-03-08 05:56:37

New Concept of Space

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 7 Pages.

The perception of space in which objects and perhaps events have relative position and direction is one of first things people learn in their lives. Ultimately the space have always been important part of majority of physics theories, conceived as three linear infinite dimensions in classical mechanics or as four dimensional Einsteinian spacetime. If there is a force acting onto some object in space it would indicate presence of some force field as ultimate cause of the force itself. The contemporary physics would consider that all force fields found in the space are contained by that space. According to current main understanding in physics the space itself does not require any force field to be present. However there is no true evidence for existence of space without any force field(s) as well as there is no pure evidence for infinity of the space. It is only presumption. In contradiction to this very basic principle of contemporary physics, we here propose new concept that space and physical force field are mutually dependent entities of the same phenomena. If force field does not exist, then the corresponding space does not exist as well. And vice versa, if space does not exist, there is no force field present. As result of such principle it is possible to describe each specific force field with universal space equation, which has significant consequences.
Category: Classical Physics

[498] viXra:1802.0077 [pdf] replaced on 2018-03-01 04:36:18

Cycle One

Authors: Frank H. Makinson
Comments: 7 Pages.

Cycle One is a concept that identifies a universal method to identify the frequency of electromagnetic waves without creating a starting point of 1 Hz. The Cycle One concept starts at a numeric value where the velocity of light has the same numeric value as a frequency. The interest in a Cycle One concept started when a geometric relationship was identified between wavelength and frequency. The frequency value is not arbitrary. The frequency value was mathematically predicted in 1944 and in 1951 it was detected coming from space. The triangle pair wavelength-frequency relationship would not have been recognized until after the 1951 radio astronomy discovery. The triangle pair relationship establishes a universal unit of length, a time duration, and allows a unit of energy to be defined.
Category: Classical Physics

[497] viXra:1802.0077 [pdf] replaced on 2018-02-23 11:55:12

Cycle One

Authors: Frank H. Makinson
Comments: 7 Pages.

Cycle One is a concept that identifies a universal method to identify the frequency of electromagnetic waves without creating a starting point of 1 Hz. The Cycle One concept starts at a numeric value where the velocity of light has the same numeric value as a frequency. The interest in a Cycle One concept started when a geometric relationship was identified between wavelength and frequency. The frequency value is not arbitrary. The frequency value was mathematically predicted in 1944 and in 1951 it was detected coming from space. The triangle pair wavelength-frequency relationship would not have been recognized until after the 1951 radio astronomy discovery. The triangle pair relationship establishes a universal unit of length, a time duration, and allows a unit of energy to be defined.
Category: Classical Physics

[496] viXra:1802.0063 [pdf] replaced on 2018-03-04 05:48:36

Frequency Decrease of Light

Authors: D.H.W. Reffer
Comments: 8 Pages. This is a fundamental phenomenon of classical electromagnetism that replaces the Big-Bang theory.

This is a so slow phenomenon that its effect is undetectable in light emitted at distances as in our galaxy, but is significant in light coming from cosmological distances, hence the alias ”Cosmological Degeneration/Decay of Light”. On postulating the phenomenon’s existence, its law comes uniquely—an unprecedented case in physics. As main consequences, it: solves Digges-Olbers’ paradox, thus making possible cosmology with infinite universe ; explains Hubble-Humason’s redshift (or cosmological redshift), in agreement with Hubble’s constant’s inconstancy; explains Penzias and Wilosn’s CMB; explains the unexplained non-uniformity in CMB; replaces the Big-Bang theory/model/scenario. Two new predictions are made. Keywords: frequency decrease; solving Digges & Olbers paradox; infinite universe; replacing Big-Bang theory; background radiation; absolutely resting frame; Hubble constant inconstancy
Category: Classical Physics

[495] viXra:1801.0116 [pdf] replaced on 2018-01-10 08:31:30

An Analytical Form of the Boscovich Curve with Applications

Authors: Augustus Prince
Comments: 51 Pages. work of Augustus Prince submitted by Roger Anderton and Bill Ryan

Using an analysis from a physical and phenomenological viewpoint employing the renowned and recognized continuity of Boscovich’s force curve, a new paradigm is formulated to explicate various physical phenomena in both the microworld and the macro-world. Within this paradigm, an algorithm is established which produced a functional representation of the atomic spectra of hydrogen and a temperature dependent blackbody energy distribution of radiation which compares very favorably with the experimental data. Further representations afford suggestions for the predictions of the specific heat of solids, photoelectric effect, etc. The Boscovichian points are assumed to move under the action of a force (acceleration) that varies inversely proportional to the cube of the radius from the point center, which leads to an orbit described by an equiangular (logarithmic) spiral. This spiral is subsequently used to simulate the concepts used in phyllotaxis (a constituent of plant morphology) and the gnomonic growth of mollusk shells (e.g. nautilus). The intercepts for the stable and unstable points on the Boscovich curve, which are the roots of the equation used, are calculated via the application of Fibonacci-type sequence of integers. In addition, utilizing the shape of Boscovich's "extended" curve of force (acceleration), the prospect of interpreting the mysterious attractive force beyond the visible Newtonian region of space (e.g. black holes, dark energy, etc.) is proposed. It is hoped that this phenomenological approach will serve as a beginning for description of both the micro-universe and the macrouniverse.
Category: Classical Physics

[494] viXra:1801.0110 [pdf] replaced on 2018-02-19 05:34:18

Let the Wind Blow: Physics of Wave and Only Wave

Authors: Victor Christianto, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 299 Pages. This book will be published by Pons Editions, Brussels. Your comments are welcome

This book is a compilation of some rather old papers and some new papers, by myself and also Prof. Florentin Smarandache. In some papers, we also join working with other colleagues, e.g. Dr. Volodymyr Krasnoholovets from IOP Ukraine, Sergey Ershkov, and Dr. Yunita Umniyati. This compilation is inspired from a series of prophetic seminars by Rev. Jan Friso from Kingdom Impact, and also a discussion with Minister Dr. Robby Chandra. All in all, we are also grateful to a number of colleagues, including Prof. Thee Houw Liong, Prof. Liek Wilardjo, Prof. Atmonobudi Soebagyo, Dr. David Widihandojo, Sujarwo Silas & Linda, Dr. Wonsuk Ma, Minister Gatut Budiyono, Minister Gani Wiyono, Dr. Yonky Karman, Dr. Joas Adiprasetya, Dr. Paskalis Edwin Nyoman Paska, Minister Yulia Oeniyati, Prof. Akira Kanda, Dr. Carmen Wrede, Mrs. Hiroko Morioka, Prof. Jose Carlos Tiago Oliveira and Prof. Gusto Gadama, and many others, who often encouraged and reminded us to keep on being faithful Christians in this darkness time. As a last note, we also thank to Holy Spirit who always guide us in our way, especially whenever we were lost of our path to find the truth. That is why this book with title: "Let The Wind blow" is dedicated to Holy Spirit. Let us pray that the Holy Spirit will be poured to everyone in our time, as prophesied by Joel, one of OT prophets.
Category: Classical Physics

[493] viXra:1801.0037 [pdf] replaced on 2018-02-26 20:02:58

Turbulence as Structured Route of Energy from Order Into Chaos

Authors: Udo E. Steinemann
Comments: 12 Pages.

A contemptuous attempt to understand the phenomenon of turbulence dated back to a theory of L. F. RICHARDSON which later became enhanced by A. N. KOLMOGOROV. By the contents of this theory turbulence is considered as a transfer of energy taking place in forms of cascades between eddies of various orders of magnitude. The transfer becomes started by unspecified disturbance acting on eddies in forms of fibres and is further evaluated on account of their stretching. This principally can explain for eddies of various sizes being created in generations while energy is distributed along these generations from the largest eddies down to the smallest. But it is impossible to determine a specific structure of the cascade and its development in details. In order to step forward this way, this paper will show, when spinning spheres with surface-tension are models for the eddies and a specifically designed disturbance act on them, eddies of large size will decay in a cascade of hierarchically structured generations into smaller ones. The dynamics of this development is due to the balance between the acting force of the disturbance and the reaction due to sphere-tension on each eddy in a self-organisation mode. All eddies within one step of the hierarchy will obtain same size, life-time and rotation-phase, for follower-generations these quantities will be different in a definite way. Each predecessor-generation will double its number of eddies relative to its follower-generation, while each eddy partitions its rotation-energy for its followers and those will get increased their surface-energy by disturbance. Finally the whole cascade will form a structured route of energy from order into chaos similar to many other dynamical systems.
Category: Classical Physics

[492] viXra:1712.0642 [pdf] replaced on 2017-12-31 19:31:55

Estimation of the Earth's ``Unperturbed" Perihelion from Times of Solstices and Equinoxes

Authors: James A. Smith
Comments: 13 Pages.

Published times of the Earth's perihelions do not refer to the perihelions of the orbit that the Earth would follow if unaffected by other bodies such as the Moon. To estimate the timing of that ``unperturbed" perihelion, we fit an unperturbed Kepler orbit to the timings of the year 2017's equinoxes and solstices. We find that the unperturbed 2017 perihelion, defined in that way, would occur 12.93 days after the December 2016 solstice. Using that result, calculated times of the year 2017's solstices and equinoxes differ from published values by less than five minutes. That degree of accuracy is sufficient for the intended use of the result.
Category: Classical Physics