Classical Physics

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Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed further down

[913] viXra:1607.0447 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-24 01:13:03

Note on the Free Fall Experiment of the Bremen Tower

Authors: Paris S. Miles-Brenden
Comments: 5 Pages. philosophy of physics, free fall, freefall, superconductivity, inertia, gravitation, gravity

A seemingly empty relation of physical law implicates a testable hypothesis of physics by contradiction in relation to the test of WEP.
Category: Classical Physics

[912] viXra:1607.0443 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-23 18:52:40

Continuous Atoms and The Propagation of Light

Authors: Roger Munday
Comments: 10 Pages.

Currently accepted theories of the structure of macroscopic matter fail to explain the transmission of gravity and of electro-magnetic radiation. These theories are therefore, in some fundamental aspects, false. Technologies available today demonstrate that the structure of solid matter is not one of discontinuous atoms. This paper suggests that they are not, as postulated, composed of almost entirely a "perfect vacuum" and are not separated by large volumes of 'empty space'.
Category: Classical Physics

[911] viXra:1607.0423 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-22 13:07:00

Inconsistency Solution of Maxwell's Equations

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 146 Pages.

A new solution of Maxwell equations for a vacuum, for wire with constant and alternating current, for the capacitor, for the sphere, etc. is presented. First it must be noted that the proof of the solution's uniqueness is based on the Law of energy conservation which is not observed (for instantaneous values) in the known solution. The solution offered: •Describes wave in vacuum and wave in wire; •Complies with the energy conservation law in each moment of time, i.e. sets constant density of electromagnetic energy flux; •Reveals phase shifting between electrical and magnetic intensities; •Explains existence of energy flux along the wire that is equal to the power consumed. The work offers some technical applications of the solution obtained. A detailed proof is given for interested readers.
Category: Classical Physics

[910] viXra:1607.0394 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-21 13:35:03

Arbitrary Dimensional User Interfaces

Authors: Frank Edughom Ekpar
Comments: 91 Pages. International Application Number: PCT/US2012/066159; International Publication Number: WO 2014/081420 A1

The present invention discloses an arbitrary dimensional graphical user interface permitting the display or presentation of one or more instances of the user interface on one or more arbitrarily-sized and arbitrarily-shaped surfaces with each instance comprising one or more arbitrary dimensional background elements each of which is divided into one or more arbitrarily-sized and arbitrarily-shaped arbitrary dimensional partitions, wherein each partition may contain one or more user interface elements and is associated with one or more sets of rules that define rendering, positioning, element placement and other relevant attributes and behaviors, wherein said rules can be specified in such a way as to enable said arbitrary dimensional background to assume any desired arbitrary shape and to facilitate expansion to any desired arbitrary size without distortion or loss in quality. In this context, an instance of a graphical user interface is any display or presentation of any representation of any aspect of the user interface. Furthermore, the present invention discloses automatic, semi-automatic or manual processing systems for arbitrary dimensional graphical user interfaces based on the principles of the present invention.
Category: Classical Physics

[909] viXra:1607.0390 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-21 10:02:22

The Evolution of the System of Gravitating Bodies

Authors: Kiryan D.G., Kiryan G.V.
Comments: 20 Pages. Russian

A natural physical approach to the analysis of the structure of closed gravitating systems has been formulated in the scope of classical mechanics. The approach is based on the interrelation between the densities of a sequence of nested spheres inscribed in the circular orbits of the system bodies. An empirical law has been defined for the evolution of closed gravitating systems differing in mass, size and distance from the Observer. Each gravitating system undergoes modifications and evolves from its initial state, namely, a kind of a gas-dust formation almost constant in density over the entire volume, to a certain nearly terminating phase of the process when the system structure becomes similar to that of a planetary one (like the Solar system) where almost all the gravitating mass is concentrated in the vicinity of the center of gravity. Using the proposed method of nested spheres, it is possible to reveal in the gravitating system rotation plane the character of the matter density radial distribution, quantitatively evaluate the density of medium where the gravitating system under consideration is located, and assess the current phase of the system evolution. The research results have led us to a conclusion that introduction into the scientific practice of such an entity as "dark matter" has no physical background since it is based on a wrong interpretation of an unordinary distribution of star orbital velocities in galaxies.
Category: Classical Physics

[908] viXra:1607.0202 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-17 21:31:31

Relativisic Mechnics in the Model of 4D Medium

Authors: Valery Skorobogatov
Comments: 4 Pages. It is on Russian and it is the third version of the paper.

Forthe model of 4D medium it was obtained the expressions compatible to those of Special Relativity. Also the common formulae for force fom which follows the paradox of braking. The body moving with the velocity close to the light speed can't decerate.
Category: Classical Physics

[907] viXra:1607.0175 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-15 03:43:11

Nature-Inspired Signal Processing

Authors: Frank Edughom Ekpar
Comments: 30 Pages. United States Patent Application Number 13/ 674,035: Publication Number US 2014/0135642 A1

The present invention establishes the foundational principles and practice for a unified theory of arbitrary information management by disclosing systems, devices and methods for the management of substrates or biological substrates. In this context, a substrate or biological substrate is any aspect of any entity that is capable of responding to or emitting or transmitting stimuli irrespective of Whether the stimuli actually emanate or originate from any aspect of the entity or not. Management of substrates or biological substrates could be achieved through the management of stimuli that modulate or moderate or influence any aspect of the substrate or biological substrate as well as through the management of any stimuli emanating from the substrate or biological substrate.
Category: Classical Physics

[906] viXra:1607.0130 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-10 22:03:41

Attempts to Detect the Torsion Field Nature of Scalar Wave Generated by Dual Tesla Coil System

Authors: Gao Peng
Comments: 7 Pages.

Scalar wave was found and used at first by Nikola Tesla in his wireless energy transmission experiment. Prof.K.Meyl extended the Maxwell equation and found the lost scalar wave part. The scalar wave theory proposed by Prof.K.Meyl indicates that the torsion field is the nature of scalar wave. This work attempts to detect the torsion field nature of scalar wave generated by the dual Tesla coil system, using the torsion balance consisting of a wooden frame. The result is positive and two kinds of torsion field including left-handed and right-handed are detected in dual Tesla coil system.
Category: Classical Physics

[905] viXra:1607.0050 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-05 05:20:36

The Problem of Slow-witted Aliens, or The Transverse Doppler Effect Simply Explained

Authors: Vadim N. Matvejev, Oleg V. Matvejev
Comments: 11 Pages.

The subject of this article is the dependence of observation results of the transverse Doppler effect on relative speed ascribed by an observer to himself.
Category: Classical Physics

[904] viXra:1607.0041 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-04 10:05:01

The Physical Medium of the Universal

Authors: Vladislav Mirkin, PhD
Comments: 14 Pages.

The transformation mechanism of principles of classical mechanics in statistical interpretation of the quantum theory are shown. Physical interpretation of the principle of uncertainty and the dimension of Planck’s constant (J/Hz instead J∙s) is given. Inexplicable before phenomenon, taking place in experiments and supervision, are explained.
Category: Classical Physics

[903] viXra:1607.0016 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-02 02:27:24

Why the Velocities of Material Bodies Cannot Achieve the Speed of Light in a Vacuum

Authors: Vadim N. Matvejev, Oleg V. Matvejev
Comments: 11 Pages.

A possible cause of the finiteness of the velocity of tangible objects is demonstrated without reference to the provisions of the special theory of relativity. A condition is formulated on the basis of which the assumption of the movement of tangible objects at any prescribed velocities proves to be self-contradictory in instances when the prescribed velocities of the objects exceed a certain value. This condition consists of the presence of interaction signals and carrier particles in material bodies that are propagated at a velocity greater than any prescribed velocity of the material bodies.
Category: Classical Physics

[902] viXra:1606.0340 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-30 09:26:08

Is Electric Field Vector Field or Covector Field?

Authors: Radi I. Khrapko
Comments: 3 Pages. nobody wants to know the difference between vector and covector.

There are different fields in electrodynamics: vector fields and covector fields.
Category: Classical Physics

[901] viXra:1606.0295 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-27 10:40:05

Elektrostatische Entsalzung Von Meerwasser

Authors: Herbert Weidner
Comments: 7 Pages. available also in English language

Durch elektrostatische Kraft werden Ionen an die Oberfläche von Elektroden gebunden, wodurch der Salzgehalt der Elektrolytflüssigkeit sinkt. Eine mehrstufige Entsalzungskaskade kann das Salz vollständig entfernen. Das Verfahren verwendet keine chemischen Umwandlungen und kann mit handelsüblichen Bauelementen gebaut werden.
Category: Classical Physics

[900] viXra:1606.0291 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-27 10:14:57

Electrostatic Desalination of Seawater

Authors: Herbert Weidner
Comments: 6 Pages.

By electrostatic force, ions are bound to the surface of electrodes, whereby the salt content of the electrolyte liquid decreases. A multistage cascade desalination can remove the ions completely. The process uses no chemical transformations and requires only conventional components.
Category: Classical Physics

[899] viXra:1606.0192 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-18 22:01:39

Methods and Instruments to Increase a Signal-to-Noise Ratio in the Image-Addressing-Based Torsion Field Communication

Authors: Mark Krinker
Comments: 5 Pages.

To increase a signal to noise ratio in Torsion Field Communication Sessions, the emitted spinning signal proposed to form directly from video signals of images of transmitter and receiver. The receiver contains a mixer/multiplier fed with an identical reference video signal and the signal of the sensor.
Category: Classical Physics

[898] viXra:1606.0170 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-16 18:07:43

A Phenomenon of Driving the Field Gyroscope up to Speed by a Light

Authors: Mark Krinker
Comments: 8 Pages.

The experiments with the Spinning Electric Vector Analyzer, SEVA, have revealed an integration-like process of gradual driving a localized spinning electromagnetic field up to speed. The spinning process was induced both incandescent and gas-discharge lamps in vicinity of the SEVA sensor. The experiments can be explained as manifestation of G.I. Shipov’s field of inertia associated with the Physical Vacuum. An original electromagnetic spinning field drives its vacuum partner up to speed, having a characteristic time constant which depends on the conditions of experiments. The similar driving-up-to-speed processes were noted for a wide class of other phenomena. The quantum nature of FG is obviously seen on the images from a screen of the oscilloscope as a manifestation of discrete orbits.
Category: Classical Physics

[897] viXra:1606.0102 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-11 03:29:04

Proposal for Measurement of Impurities in Any Liquid Media Inside the Flow Vessel Using Piezoelectric Sensing

Authors: Pragyaditya Das
Comments: 7 Pages.

In this proposal, I extend my idea on how do we sense and accurately measure the amount of impurities in any liquid media. I am planning on using the principles of Piezoelectric Sensing to do it. The basic idea is to use the voltage output from a piezoelectric strip (say S) to sense the amount of impurities (Say ImL) in the Liquid Media (say L). What I intend to do is, I would use an adhesive layer (say Ah) which would be reactive to the impurity we are trying to measure. I want to fix a layer of Ah on S. Then I would fix on end of S to the wall of the container in which the liquid is flowing. S will now act as a Cantilever Beam. Now, L flows through the pipe. The impurities present in L will settle and adhere on S, due to the adhesive property of Ah. The settling of impurities of some mass , will bend S and generate an output voltage (say V). Here the strip is acting like a cantilever beam.
Category: Classical Physics

[896] viXra:1606.0100 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-10 13:36:52

The Gravitational Constant May not be Constant: Correlation of Gravitational Constant Measurements with Ambient Gravitation

Authors: DT Froedge
Comments: 7 Pages. The scatter in the Gravitational Constant measurements may not be random

There is a long history of measuring the gravitational constant starting with Henry Cavendish in the 1700’s,[1], and in the last 15 years there has been a focused on refining the value with more modern technology, and precision instrumentation. Unfortunately the value is hard to pin down, and as the error bars of the various experiments at labs around the world get smaller the values are not the same and even the error bars are not overlapping. This paper evaluates the relation between the most precision measurements over the last 15 years, and the ambient gravitation at the location of the measurement. Although there may be some errors in the exact value of the ambient gravitation due to the exact location of the lab making the measurement, the errors are not significant enough to make a difference in the conclusion. There is a definite relationship between the measured gravitational constant and the ambient value of the background gravitation. This paper presents the data illustrating the correlation.
Category: Classical Physics

[895] viXra:1606.0070 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-07 12:43:20

[tlnomiva] : Transmission Line Nominal Values without Tolerance - from Cable Specifications and Technical Data Sheets : FLOSS for MS Windows

Authors: N. I. Yannopoulou, P. E. Zimourtopoulos
Comments: 30 Pages. FunkTechnikPlus # Journal, Issue 10 - Year 3, 31 May 2016, v1, 7-36, otoiser ftp#j

[[tlnomiva] is a visual software application developed by the authors for a transmission line characterization from the user's point of view. The numerical computations are based on the precise formulation within the distributed circuit coefficients model of a transmission line, which was theoretically developed by the authors and published in a previous paper. The use of [tlnomiva] is fully demonstrated by an example for the popular RG 214 coaxial cable. This application is Free Libre Open Source Software and provides an option for more detailed figures by calling the executable of the freely distributed source [wgnuplot].
Category: Classical Physics

[894] viXra:1606.0069 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-07 05:55:41

Convection Magnetic Currents? \\ Конвекционные магнитные токи?

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 3 Pages. in Russian

It proposed an experiment that could prove the existence of convection magnetic currents \\ Предлагается эксперимент, который мог бы доказать существование конвекционных магнитных токов
Category: Classical Physics

[893] viXra:1605.0301 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-30 08:08:56

On the Nature of Ball Lightning

Authors: Anatoly V. Belyakov
Comments: 6 Pages.

The author proposes a model of ball lightning based on a mechanistic interpretation of John Wheeler’s ideas. It is assumed that ball lightning is a quasi-particle that has the Planck mass and consists of closed contours, which in turn are based on the magnetic and gravity force balance. These contours are hard packed in a small volume of ball lightning, forming a multilayer capacitor containing a substantial charge and electrostatic energy. This paper provides calculations of characteristic parameters of ball lightning, which are well consistent with its phenomenology
Category: Classical Physics

[892] viXra:1605.0297 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-29 17:10:26

A Conceptual Design of an Interplanetary Exploration Spaceship with Electric High-Thrust Plasma-Propulsion of “Helios”-Type

Authors: Danny Kirmse
Comments: 8 Pages.

Nowadays and in the near future the spaceflight to the planets and moons of our solar system is one of the great challenges of space-technology. Whether robotic and manned to the Mars or on a large-scale exploration mission to the moons of Jupiter, a new kind of payload demands a next step in development of spaceflight technology. Not satellites but spacious ships have to bring extensive exploration equipment, landing vehicles, ground facilities or even human passengers to their interplanetary targets. Such space-vehicles need new kind of space-propulsion too; more than this, the development of adequate new propulsion is crucial for the realization of this kind of missions.
Category: Classical Physics

[891] viXra:1605.0295 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-29 19:47:39

Stabilization Principle in Dynamics.

Authors: Michail Zak
Comments: 21 Pages.

This paper introduces and illustrates the Stabilization Principle that provides a strategy for modeling post instability behavior in dynamics, including turbulence and chaos. It starts with investigation of different types of instability with the objective to demonstrate that stability is not a physical invariant since it depends upon the frame to which the motion of fluid is referred, upon the class of functions in which the governing equations are derived, est. The application of the Stabilization Principle to the Navier-Stokes equations is illustrated by closure of the Reynolds equations for the Poiseuille flow. Introduction.
Category: Classical Physics

[890] viXra:1605.0280 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-28 06:50:10

Second Mathematical Model of Ball Lightning \\ Вторая математическая модель шаровой молнии

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 15 Pages. in Russian

Based on the Maxwell's equations and on the understanding of the electrical conductivity of the body of ball lightning, a mathematical model of ball lightning is built; the structure of the electromagnetic field and of electric current in it is shown. Next it is shown (as a consequence of this model) that in a ball lightning the flow of electromagnetic energy can circulate and thus the energy obtained by a ball lightning when it occurs can be saved. Sustainability, luminescence, charge, time being, the mechanism of formation of ball lightning are briefly discussed. \\ На основе уравнений Максвелла и представления об электропроводности тела шаровой молнии строится математическая модель шаровой молнии, показывается структура электромагнитного поля и электротоков в ней. Далее показывается (как следствие этой модели), что в шаровой молнии может циркулировать поток электромагнитной энергии и таким образом может сохраняться энергия, полученная шаровой молнией при ее возникновении. Кратко рассматриваются также устойчивость, свечение, заряд, время существования, механизм образования.
Category: Classical Physics

[889] viXra:1605.0279 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-28 06:53:26

Second Mathematical Model of Ball Lightning

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 14 Pages.

Based on the Maxwell's equations and on the understanding of the electrical conductivity of the body of ball lightning, a mathematical model of ball lightning is built; the structure of the electromagnetic field and of electric current in it is shown. Next it is shown (as a consequence of this model) that in a ball lightning the flow of electromagnetic energy can circulate and thus the energy obtained by a ball lightning when it occurs can be saved. Sustainability, luminescence, charge, time being, the mechanism of formation of ball lightning are briefly discussed.
Category: Classical Physics

[888] viXra:1605.0246 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-24 02:19:29

New The Formula For Law Of Gravity

Authors: GuagSan Yu
Comments: 2 Pages.

Newton's second law and Newton's third law has proven to be wrong, then including the law of gravity into account, but also need make the appropriate modification. Following will be given the new formula the law of gravity, corresponding to the new calculations, a lot of specific data astronomical observations, may be subject to change. Such as mass of celestial bodies, and the size of gravity between celestial bodies, are likely to change. So far variety of astronomical data, should all be recalculated.
Category: Classical Physics

[887] viXra:1605.0227 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-22 04:25:55

(Chinese)New The Formula For Law Of Gravity

Authors: GuagSan Yu
Comments: 2 Pages. This paper is Chinese

Newton the second laws with Newton the third laws have been wrong by the proof, include the law of gravity so in the inside, also should be amended accordingly. Below will give new formula of the law of gravity, opposite to new calculation, a lot of particular datas that astronomy observation, all may have the changes. For example celestial body the mass, and the size of the gravitation of heavenly body, all may have the changes. Thereby every kind of astronomy data up to the present, all want afresh the calculation.
Category: Classical Physics

[886] viXra:1605.0226 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-21 16:11:11

Modern Classical Spin Dynamics

Authors: Edwin Eugene Klingman
Comments: 29 Pages.

Abstract: The near-century-old Stern-Gerlach experiment played an important role in the philosophy of quantum mechanics. 50 years ago Bell drew drastic conclusions about the nature of reality based on a model of Stern-Gerlach, yet most detailed analysis of spin in nonuniform magnetic fields has occurred post-Bell. Recent focus on work in non-equilibrium thermo¬dynamics has potential significance for quantum mechanics so we develop a spin dynamical analysis of work in an inhomogeneous field. A small angle approximation analysis is performed. We derive a novel Stern-Gerlach gradient threshold relation and a decay rate for precession in a non-uniform field. The theory is compared to a quantum analysis and an experiment to test this theory is proposed.
Category: Classical Physics

[885] viXra:1605.0186 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-18 02:50:42

Simulation of The Motive Power Generator With CST Studio Suite

Authors: Simon A. Olanipekun
Comments: 15 Pages.

CST Studio Suite is used to simulate and analyse the Motive Power Generator disclosed here http://vixra.org/abs/1509.0093?ref=8576640 Here are the links to the simulation videos: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CpOt4BnlMic https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2GAxXWzCjT4 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nyXWJyMziR4
Category: Classical Physics

[884] viXra:1605.0122 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-12 03:08:09

The Periodic Table Form Possible to Coincide with a Proton Distribution

Authors: Jianping Mao
Comments: 16 Pages. A correspondence between the very short 1, short 2-3, long 4-5, very long 6-7 periods and basic, light, mid, heavy nuclei implies that the periodic table is an amplifying nuclear shape to some extent.

The periodic table form seems to coincide with a folding nuclear structure, a distribution of protons (nucleons) nearly the same as Lewis dot structure, which will grow vertical 4 A (representative), 4 B (transition) and 8 C (inner transition) α-clusters bound with valency neutron (excess neutron, ~ A﹣2Z) to stand a core (1st period) of likely expanding in Co, Ni, Rh and Pd. In a typical fission of 235U+n→137Ba+97Kr+2n, 137Ba and 97Kr mass difference is suggested to result from the 16 α-clusters cleft into 9:7 (±1 A α-cluster, 5 α × 2 = 40) and 2n release from valency neutrons in its cleft line; also, cleft into 15:1 implies to point to that α (1 C ≥ 4He) and cluster (1 B ≥ 12C, 1 A ≥ 20Ne) decay. To cross nuclei, atoms and molecules, here is a way that may enable us closer to nature of the periodic table, the periodic law of dominating their behaviors.
Category: Classical Physics

[883] viXra:1605.0068 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-05 20:46:51

An Experimental Set up for Detecting Weber’s Second Order of Magnetic Force

Authors: Abhilash Janardhanan Pillai
Comments: 4 Pages.

Weber’s equation of electrodynamics predicts a force which is proportional to the second order of relative velocity between charges in motion. However it is still debated on the existence of this force. This article proposes an experiment that could detect and measure this force.
Category: Classical Physics

[882] viXra:1604.0374 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-29 02:59:36

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Charged Capacitor

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 9 Pages.

The electromagnetic wave is shown to propagate in a charged capacitor with the mathematical description of this wave being a solution to the Maxwell equations. It is demonstrated that there is a stationary flow of electromagnetic energy in the charged capacitor, and the energy accumulated in the capacitor which is known as the potential electric energy, is the electromagnetic energy stored in the capacitor in the form of stationary flow.
Category: Classical Physics

[881] viXra:1604.0371 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-28 12:50:32

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Spherical Capacitor and the Nature of Earth Magnetism

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 14 Pages.

A solution of the Maxwell equations for the electromagnetic wave in a spherical capacitor which is included in an alternating current circuit or in an constant current circuit is proposed. A hypothesis of the Earth magnetism nature is presented on the basis of this solution.
Category: Classical Physics

[880] viXra:1604.0355 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-26 14:36:02

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Spherical Capacitor and the Nature of Earth Magnetism \\ Электромагнитная волна в сферическом конденсаторе и природа Земного магнетизма

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 14 Pages. in Russian

A solution of the Maxwell equations for the electromagnetic wave in a spherical capacitor which is included in an alternating current circuit or in an constant current circuit is proposed. A hypothesis of the Earth magnetism nature is presented on the basis of this solution. \\ Предлагается решение уравнений Максвелла для электромагнитной волны в сферическом конденсаторе который включен в цепь переменного или постоянного тока. На основе этого решения предлагается гипотеза о природе Земного магнетизма.
Category: Classical Physics

[879] viXra:1604.0343 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-25 12:56:32

Enigmatic Spin Momentum of Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 21 Pages.

In a recent theoretical paper, a group from the RIKEN Center for Emergent Matter Science in Japan showed that momentum density in non-uniform optical fields has an unusual component, which is orthogonal to the propagation direction of light and is proportional to the optical spin, which means the degree of circular polarization. They predicted that this spin momentum would produce a transverse spin-dependent optical force, a few orders of magnitude weaker than the usual radiation pressure. [15] Converting a single photon from one color, or frequency, to another is an essential tool in quantum communication, which harnesses the subtle correlations between the subatomic properties of photons (particles of light) to securely store and transmit information. Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have now developed a miniaturized version of a frequency converter, using technology similar to that used to make computer chips. [14] Harnessing the power of the sun and creating light-harvesting or light-sensing devices requires a material that both absorbs light efficiently and converts the energy to highly mobile electrical current. Finding the ideal mix of properties in a single material is a challenge, so scientists have been experimenting with ways to combine different materials to create "hybrids" with enhanced features. [13] Condensed-matter physicists often turn to particle-like entities called quasiparticles—such as excitons, plasmons, magnons—to explain complex phenomena. Now Gil Refael from the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena and colleagues report the theoretical concept of the topological polarition, or “topolariton”: a hybrid half-light, half-matter quasiparticle that has special topological properties and might be used in devices to transport light in one direction. [12] Solitons are localized wave disturbances that propagate without changing shape, a result of a nonlinear interaction that compensates for wave packet dispersion. Individual solitons may collide, but a defining feature is that they pass through one another and emerge from the collision unaltered in shape, amplitude, or velocity, but with a new trajectory reflecting a discontinuous jump. Working with colleagues at the Harvard-MIT Center for Ultracold Atoms, a group led by Harvard Professor of Physics Mikhail Lukin and MIT Professor of Physics Vladan Vuletic have managed to coax photons into binding together to form molecules – a state of matter that, until recently, had been purely theoretical. The work is described in a September 25 paper in Nature. New ideas for interactions and particles: This paper examines the possibility to origin the Spontaneously Broken Symmetries from the Planck Distribution Law. This way we get a Unification of the Strong, Electromagnetic, and Weak Interactions from the interference occurrences of oscillators. Understanding that the relativistic mass change is the result of the magnetic induction we arrive to the conclusion that the Gravitational Force is also based on the electromagnetic forces, getting a Unified Relativistic Quantum Theory of all 4 Interactions.
Category: Classical Physics

[878] viXra:1604.0304 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-22 09:23:47

List 5.2 of Bolonkin’s Publications in 2007-2015 (Loading is Free):

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 104 Pages.

Contains the List 5.2 of Bolonkin’s scientific researches, works, articles and books written or published in 2007-2015 and free links to them.
Category: Classical Physics

Replacements of recent Submissions

[381] viXra:1607.0202 [pdf] replaced on 2016-07-18 08:06:02

Релятивистская механика в модели 4D-среды

Authors: Valeriy Skorobogatov
Comments: 4 Pages. Устранена ошибка

В модели четырехмерной среды определена функция Лагранжа для вихря, которая имеет тот же вид, что и функция Лагранжа свободной частицы в теории относительности. В дополнении приведена формула для общего выражения силы.
Category: Classical Physics

[380] viXra:1606.0331 [pdf] replaced on 2016-07-03 07:07:15

Specific Features of Time Dilation During Circular Movement

Authors: Vadim N. Matvejev, Oleg V. Matvejev
Comments: 9 Pages.

The paper considers observations of the transverse Doppler effect by an observer located in the center of a circle with a large diameter and observers, who are in motion at relativistic velocity around a circle. Keywords: special relativity, transverse Doppler effect, aberration of light, blueshift, redshift
Category: Classical Physics

[379] viXra:1606.0330 [pdf] replaced on 2016-07-03 03:06:42

Задача о недогадливых пришельцах, или популярное изложение поперечного эффекта Доплера.

Authors: Vadim N. Matvejev, Oleg V. Matvejev
Comments: 11 Pages. In Russian

В статье рассматривается зависимость результатов наблюдения поперечного эффекта Доплера от приписанной себе наблюдателем относительной скорости. The article discusses the dependence of the results of observation of the transverse Doppler effect from attributed to an observer relative velocity .
Category: Classical Physics

[378] viXra:1606.0100 [pdf] replaced on 2016-06-10 22:57:43

The Gravitational Constant May not be Constant: Correlation of Gravitational Constant Measurements with Ambient Gravitation

Authors: DT Froedge
Comments: 7 Pages. The scatter in the Gravitational Constant measurements may not be random

There is a long history of measuring the gravitational constant starting with Henry Cavendish in the 1700’s,[1], and in the last 15 years there has been a focused on refining the value with more modern technology, and precision instrumentation. Unfortunately the value is hard to pin down, and as the error bars of the various experiments at labs around the world get smaller the values are not the same and even the error bars are not overlapping. This paper evaluates the relation between the most precision measurements over the last 15 years, and the ambient gravitation at the location of the measurement. Although there may be some errors in the exact value of the ambient gravitation due to the exact location of the lab making the measurement, the errors are not significant enough to make a difference in the conclusion. There is a definite relationship between the measured gravitational constant and the ambient value of the background gravitation. This paper presents the data illustrating the correlation.
Category: Classical Physics

[377] viXra:1605.0246 [pdf] replaced on 2016-07-16 22:46:01

New The Formula For Law Of Gravity

Authors: GuagSan Yu
Comments: 2 Pages.

Newton's second law and Newton's third law has proven to be wrong, then including the law of gravity into account, but also need make the appropriate modification. Following will be given the new formula the law of gravity, corresponding to the new calculations, a lot of specific data astronomical observations, may be subject to change. Such as mass of celestial bodies, and the size of gravity between celestial bodies, are likely to change. So far variety of astronomical data, should all be recalculated.
Category: Classical Physics

[376] viXra:1605.0227 [pdf] replaced on 2016-07-16 22:38:02

(Chinese)New The Formula For Law Of Gravity

Authors: GuagSan Yu
Comments: 2 Pages. This paper is Chinese

Newton the second laws with Newton the third laws have been wrong by the proof, include the law of gravity so in the inside, also should be amended accordingly. Below will give new formula of the law of gravity, opposite to new calculation, a lot of particular datas that astronomy observation, all may have the changes. For example celestial body the mass, and the size of the gravitation of heavenly body, all may have the changes. Thereby every kind of astronomy data up to the present, all want afresh the calculation.
Category: Classical Physics

[375] viXra:1605.0122 [pdf] replaced on 2016-06-21 02:00:06

The Periodic Table Shape Possible to Coincide with a Proton Distribution

Authors: Jianping Mao
Comments: 16 Pages. A correspondence between the very short 1, short 2-3, long 4-5, very long 6-7 periods and basic, light, mid, heavy nuclei reveals that the periodic table is an amplifying shape of atomic nuclei to some extent.

The periodic table shape seems to coincide with a folding crystal structure of atomic nuclei, an orderly distribution of protons (nucleons) nearly the same as Lewis dot structure, which will grow vertical 4 A (representative), 4 B (transition) and 8 C (inner transition) α-clusters bound with valency neutrons (excess neutrons, ~ A﹣2Z) to stand a core (1st period) of likely expanding in Co, Ni, Rh and Pd. In a typical fission of 235U+n→137Ba+97Kr+2n, 137Ba and 97Kr mass difference is suggested to result from the 16 α-clusters cleft into 9:7 (±1 A α-cluster, 5 α × 2 = 40) and 2n release from valency neutrons in its cleft line; also, cleft into 15:1 implies to point to that α-cluster (1 C ≥ 4He, 1 B ≥ 12C, 1 A ≥ 20Ne) decay. To cross nuclei, atoms and molecules, here a way may enable us closer to nature of the periodic table, the periodic law of dominating their behaviors.
Category: Classical Physics

[374] viXra:1604.0371 [pdf] replaced on 2016-05-28 06:34:03

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Spherical Capacitor and the Nature of Earth Magnetism

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 21 Pages.

A solution of the Maxwell equations for the electromagnetic wave in a spherical capacitor which is included in an alternating current circuit or in an constant current circuit is proposed. A hypothesis of the Earth magnetism nature is presented on the basis of this solution.
Category: Classical Physics

[373] viXra:1604.0371 [pdf] replaced on 2016-05-23 13:49:26

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Spherical Capacitor and the Nature of Earth Magnetism

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 21 Pages.

A solution of the Maxwell equations for the electromagnetic wave in a spherical capacitor which is included in an alternating current circuit or in an constant current circuit is proposed. A hypothesis of the Earth magnetism nature is presented on the basis of this solution.
Category: Classical Physics

[372] viXra:1604.0371 [pdf] replaced on 2016-05-11 10:21:04

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Spherical Capacitor and the Nature of Earth Magnetism

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 19 Pages.

A solution of the Maxwell equations for the electromagnetic wave in a spherical capacitor which is included in an alternating current circuit or in an constant current circuit is proposed. A hypothesis of the Earth magnetism nature is presented on the basis of this solution.
Category: Classical Physics

[371] viXra:1604.0355 [pdf] replaced on 2016-05-28 06:32:33

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Spherical Capacitor and the Nature of Earth Magnetism \\ Электромагнитная волна в сферическом конденсаторе и природа Земного магнетизма

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 21 Pages.

A solution of the Maxwell equations for the electromagnetic wave in a spherical capacitor which is included in an alternating current circuit or in an constant current circuit is proposed. A hypothesis of the Earth magnetism nature is presented on the basis of this solution. \\ Предлагается решение уравнений Максвелла для электромагнитной волны в сферическом конденсаторе который включен в цепь переменного или постоянного тока. На основе этого решения предлагается гипотеза о природе Земного магнетизма.
Category: Classical Physics

[370] viXra:1604.0355 [pdf] replaced on 2016-05-23 14:20:58

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Spherical Capacitor and the Nature of Earth Magnetism \\ Электромагнитная волна в сферическом конденсаторе и природа Земного магнетизма

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 21 Pages.

A solution of the Maxwell equations for the electromagnetic wave in a spherical capacitor which is included in an alternating current circuit or in an constant current circuit is proposed. A hypothesis of the Earth magnetism nature is presented on the basis of this solution. \\ Предлагается решение уравнений Максвелла для электромагнитной волны в сферическом конденсаторе который включен в цепь переменного или постоянного тока. На основе этого решения предлагается гипотеза о природе Земного магнетизма.
Category: Classical Physics

[369] viXra:1604.0355 [pdf] replaced on 2016-05-11 10:18:48

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Spherical Capacitor and the Nature of Earth Magnetism \\ Электромагнитная волна в сферическом конденсаторе и природа Земного магнетизма

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 20 Pages.

A solution of the Maxwell equations for the electromagnetic wave in a spherical capacitor which is included in an alternating current circuit or in an constant current circuit is proposed. A hypothesis of the Earth magnetism nature is presented on the basis of this solution. \\ Предлагается решение уравнений Максвелла для электромагнитной волны в сферическом конденсаторе который включен в цепь переменного или постоянного тока. На основе этого решения предлагается гипотеза о природе Земного магнетизма.
Category: Classical Physics

[368] viXra:1604.0355 [pdf] replaced on 2016-05-06 13:57:15

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Spherical Capacitor and the Nature of Earth Magnetism \\ Электромагнитная волна в сферическом конденсаторе и природа Земного магнетизма

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 15 Pages.

A solution of the Maxwell equations for the electromagnetic wave in a spherical capacitor which is included in an alternating current circuit or in an constant current circuit is proposed. A hypothesis of the Earth magnetism nature is presented on the basis of this solution. \\ Предлагается решение уравнений Максвелла для электромагнитной волны в сферическом конденсаторе который включен в цепь переменного или постоянного тока. На основе этого решения предлагается гипотеза о природе Земного магнетизма.
Category: Classical Physics

[367] viXra:1604.0355 [pdf] replaced on 2016-04-28 06:39:45

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Spherical Capacitor and the Nature of Earth Magnetism \\ Электромагнитная волна в сферическом конденсаторе и природа Земного магнетизма

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 15 Pages.

A solution of the Maxwell equations for the electromagnetic wave in a spherical capacitor which is included in an alternating current circuit or in an constant current circuit is proposed. A hypothesis of the Earth magnetism nature is presented on the basis of this solution. \\ Предлагается решение уравнений Максвелла для электромагнитной волны в сферическом конденсаторе который включен в цепь переменного или постоянного тока. На основе этого решения предлагается гипотеза о природе Земного магнетизма.
Category: Classical Physics