Classical Physics

Previous months:
2007 - 0702(13) - 0703(19) - 0704(1) - 0709(1) - 0711(3)
2008 - 0801(1) - 0805(2) - 0808(1) - 0809(1) - 0810(1) - 0811(3) - 0812(3)
2009 - 0908(15) - 0909(1) - 0910(3) - 0911(1)
2010 - 1001(3) - 1002(4) - 1003(5) - 1004(6) - 1005(1) - 1006(5) - 1007(6) - 1008(2) - 1009(2) - 1010(1) - 1011(4) - 1012(2)
2011 - 1101(6) - 1102(4) - 1103(4) - 1104(19) - 1105(5) - 1106(3) - 1107(4) - 1108(3) - 1109(3) - 1110(3) - 1111(8) - 1112(6)
2012 - 1201(5) - 1202(4) - 1203(2) - 1204(9) - 1205(8) - 1206(4) - 1207(8) - 1208(4) - 1209(5) - 1210(6) - 1211(7) - 1212(9)
2013 - 1301(11) - 1302(9) - 1303(11) - 1304(3) - 1305(10) - 1306(13) - 1307(13) - 1308(4) - 1309(7) - 1310(20) - 1311(14) - 1312(20)
2014 - 1401(24) - 1402(17) - 1403(12) - 1404(14) - 1405(4) - 1406(11) - 1407(22) - 1408(16) - 1409(13) - 1410(9) - 1411(19) - 1412(9)
2015 - 1501(15) - 1502(20) - 1503(20) - 1504(9) - 1505(17) - 1506(13) - 1507(13) - 1508(23)

Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed further down

[677] viXra:1508.0428 [pdf] submitted on 2015-08-31 10:24:40

Is Charge the Invariant of Speed

Authors: F. F. Mende
Comments: 28 Pages.

According to the program “Starfish” 1962 the USA exploded in space above Pacific Ocean H-bomb. Explosion was accompanied by the appearance of electric pulse with the large the tension of electric field and by short duration. In the work the experiments on detection and study of the electric pulse, which appears with the discharges through the dischargers of the capacitors of great capacity, are carried out. It is shown that also with such discharges appears the pulse of electric field, whiches indicate appearance in the heated plasma of unitary charge. This fact contradicts the laws of the classical electrodynamics and special theory of relativity and attests to the fact that the charge is not the invariant of speed.
Category: Classical Physics

[676] viXra:1508.0308 [pdf] submitted on 2015-08-30 19:47:44

Новые идеи в технологии, технике и оружии (In Russian)

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 11 Pages.

Проблемы и перспективы существования человечества давно интересуют и волнуют людей. Возникла масса учений и теорий о будущем человечества и грозящих ему бедах и катастрофах: от теории Мальтуса о перезаселенности планеты до современных теорий о потеплении (похолодании) климата и снижении среднего интеллектуального уровня населения. Беда большинства этих теорий в том, что они сочиняются гуманитариями далекими от естественных наук и не учитывают ускоряющееся – экспонентное развитие науки и техники, которые развивается столь стремительно, что опрокидывает все теории, основанные на статическом состоянии технологии и общества. В данной работе делается попытка оценить основные разработанные (осуществимые в настоящее время) технологии и их влияние на страну, человеческую жизнь и будущее оружие.
Category: Classical Physics

[675] viXra:1508.0302 [pdf] submitted on 2015-08-29 16:07:43

A New Substantiation of the Plank's Radianion Law

Authors: Etkin V.A.
Comments: 8 Pages.

The new view on process of radiation as a result of braking of orbiting electrons by an external force field is offered. The substantiation of the Planck’s radiation law without hypotheses and postulates of quantum- mechanical nature is given. The sense of a constant of Planck is opened and is shown that the true quantum of radiation is the soliton.
Category: Classical Physics

[674] viXra:1508.0293 [pdf] submitted on 2015-08-28 13:01:53

Improvements in the Design of the Gravitational Motor

Authors: Fran De Aquino
Comments: 4 Pages.

The Gravitational Motor is a new type of motor that can substitute the conventional motors with large advantage. This motor works without the use of any type of fuel. It converts energy from the Earth’s gravitational field directly into rotational mechanical energy, and can have a very high-power (several thousand of HP), occupying only a volume smaller than one cubic meter. When a Gravitational Motor of this type is coupled to a conventional generator of electrical energy, the system Motor-Generator can supply several thousand kilowatt-hours of electrical energy, similarly to hydroelectric plants, but without the needs to use of water of the rivers.
Category: Classical Physics

[673] viXra:1508.0255 [pdf] submitted on 2015-08-27 02:53:06

Examples of Neutrosophic Probability in Physics

Authors: Fu Yuhua
Comments: 2 Pages.

This paper re-discusses the problems of the so-called “law of nonconservation of parity” and “accelerating expansion of the universe”, and presents the examples of determining Neutrosophic Probability of the experiment of Chien-Shiung Wu et al in 1957, and determining Neutrosophic Probability of accelerating expansion of the partial universe.
Category: Classical Physics

[672] viXra:1508.0213 [pdf] submitted on 2015-08-26 12:59:25

Rethinring_of_the_planks_radianion_law.pdf

Authors: Etkin V.A.
Comments: 8 Pages.

The new view on process of radiation as a result of braking orbiting of electrons by an external force field is offered. The substantiation of the Planck’s radiation law without hypotheses and postulates of quantum-mechanical nature is given. The sense of a constant of Planck is opened and is shown that the true quantum of radiation is the soliton.
Category: Classical Physics

[671] viXra:1508.0195 [pdf] submitted on 2015-08-24 09:13:24

Gravitomagnetism: Nature's Phenomenas, Experiments, Mathematical Models

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 11 Pages.

Some nature's large-scale phenomena and unexpected experiments are analyzed. It is shown that they can be explained by the existence of gravitomagnetism and substantial by the value of gravitomagnetic forces. On the same base it is proved that there can exist a generator using the energy of the source of gravitational conservative forces in order to perform work, and that this fact does not contradict to the energy conservation law.
Category: Classical Physics

[670] viXra:1508.0170 [pdf] submitted on 2015-08-20 16:05:59

On the Origin of the Constants C and H

Authors: Alexander Unzicker
Comments: 8 Pages.

\begin{abstract} It is argued that the speed of light $c$ and Planck's quantum $h$ are anomalies that undermine the basis of Newtonian physics, the existence of space and time. In a Kuhnian sense, $c$ and $h$ were unpredicted parameters, extraneous to Newton's physics. Relativity and quantum mechanics, despite their obvious success, can be seen modifications of Newtonian physics that hided the possibility that space and time were inappropriate concepts for describing reality. Rather than being fundamental, space and time might just be the most suitable frames for human perception. $c$ indicates a failure of the Newtonian space-time paradigm on large scale, while $h$ indicates a failure on small scale. At the same time, $c$ and $h$ are related to light and matter, two phenomenologies Newtonian physics cannot explain as such. There is no a priori reason why reality should present itself in this particular fashion, and there is no reason for the existence of 3+1 dimensions either. It is further suggested that reality might be truly three-dimensional, the fourth dimension being an illusion created by navigating through a sequence of tangent spaces of a three-dimensional manifold. All physical laws would then be encdoded in a connection on this manifold. The most simple three-dimensional manifold, endowed with unique properties, is $S^3$. From the point of view of natural philosophy, there must be a reason for the existence of constants of nature. If $S^3$ is indeed a description of reality, then it should provide a reason for the existence of $c$ and $h$. It is suggested that $c$ is related to the fact that $S^3$ has a tangent space and $h$ is related to the noncommutativity of SU(2)$, the group acting on $S^3$.
Category: Classical Physics

[669] viXra:1508.0169 [pdf] submitted on 2015-08-20 19:05:35

Why Big G is not Constant. the Kinetic Dipole.

Authors: Mihai Grumazescu
Comments: 9 Pages.

Gravity is a force pushing from within the atomic nucleus where each nucleon generates a linear momentum due to an asymmetric stretch quantum oscillation of quarks and gluons. The atomic nucleus is a kinetic dipole free to change direction. Each atomic species has a specific gravitational signature which renders the big G variable. All Cavendish-like measurements are affected by Earth's gravity. A measurement of the proton gravitational constant is proposed.
Category: Classical Physics

[668] viXra:1508.0160 [pdf] submitted on 2015-08-20 05:34:46

Equivalence Principle and Electromagnetic Force

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 5 Pages.

We can show that the Equivalence Principle is based on the Electromagnetic Force. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the electromagnetic inertia, the changing relativistic mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions.
Category: Classical Physics

[667] viXra:1508.0153 [pdf] submitted on 2015-08-19 23:27:53

Power Generator Based on Asymmetrical Mutual Inductivity

Authors: Xiaodong Liu, Qichang Liang, Yu Liang
Comments: 6 Pages.

A radio frequency (RF) power generator is designed by coupling parallel plate capacitors with conductive coils in wireless power transmission. The displacement current through parallel plate capacitor can induce electric field to conductive coil, but it self cannot experience induced electric field from conductive coil due to the gap between plates. Thus the symmetry of mutual inductivity is broken. We designed a new kind of capacitor coil which is composed of a series of parallel plate capacitors in a ring structure. We designed a new kind of RF receiver which is composed of a conductive coil and a capacitor coil connected in opposite polarity. Such a receiver can pick up induced electric field from transmitter coil, with zero or negative react induction. The transmitter doesn’t consume energy if the react induction from receiver is zero, or it gains energy if the react induction is negative. Alternative designing of transmitter and receiver are also described in this work. Such device can be used to generate electric power. A device composed of conductive coil and capacitor coil can be used as electric propeller.
Category: Classical Physics

[666] viXra:1508.0135 [pdf] submitted on 2015-08-17 09:04:41

Testing Electrodynamics and Verification of the Results of Michelson and Morley by Laser Beam Aberration Measurement

Authors: Paul E. Loehr
Comments: 6 Pages.

The International Year of Light 2015 is a welcome opportunity to look back to observations and famous experiments that lead to revolutionary theories in physics around the phenomenon of light. The observed aberration of starlight and later the experiment of Michelson and Morley were in contradiction to the electrodynamic theory of light until the special relativity theory solved the conflict by proposing time and space effects in moving systems. Today, laser and CCD technlogies enable much more precise measurements than in former times. The most accurate test of electrodynamics is achievable by aberration measurement of a laser beam because it offers an effect in the first order of v/c. The results of the experiment verify the findings of Michelson and Morley but are, surprisingly, in contradiction to electrodynamics and to special relativity theory. Our picture of the light's properties is still imperfect.
Category: Classical Physics

[665] viXra:1508.0113 [pdf] submitted on 2015-08-15 03:28:57

Chain of a Potential Electric Field

Authors: Radi I. Khrapko
Comments: 3 Pages. Submitted to EJP

Examples are presented that geometrical images of generated electromagnetic fields are emitted by the geometrical images of the electromagnetic fields, which are the sources
Category: Classical Physics

[664] viXra:1508.0084 [pdf] submitted on 2015-08-11 09:26:19

Entropy Gradient Maximization for Local-Ergodic Systems

Authors: I. V. Drozdov
Comments: 12 Pages.

As the further development of the local formalism of entropy gradient maximization (EGM), the construction of weak maximization condition (local ergodicity) is established. The concerning mathematical techniques for generation and interpretation of dynamic equations for system consisting of two degrees of freedom are consequently elaborated. An application of the method is discussed and illustrated with standard examples of mechanics.
Category: Classical Physics

[663] viXra:1508.0080 [pdf] submitted on 2015-08-11 07:09:08

Entropy Gradient Maximization for Systems with Discoupled Time

Authors: I. V. Drozdov
Comments: 7 Pages.

The conventional definition of time based on the period of oscillations or fluctuations around equilibrium states is considered in the framework of the local formalism of entropy gradient maximization. This definition is shown to be an arbitrary chioce of the time scale in a special case of systems with discoupled 'clock'-degree of freedom. The relation between the conventional definition of time and the time- reference degree of freedom in the local formalism of entropy gradient maximization is established. In this framework it is entirely a restric- tion on the special case of the entropy function with the separated time-reference degree of freedom. A transformation to this special form is discussed and illustrated with a standard example.
Category: Classical Physics

[662] viXra:1508.0079 [pdf] submitted on 2015-08-11 00:37:58

Cable Capacitance Attack Against the KLJN Secure Key Exchange

Authors: Hsien-Pu Chen, Elias Gonzalez, Yessica Saez, Laszlo B. Kish
Comments: 14 Pages.

The Kirchhoff-law-Johnson-(like)-noise (KLJN) is an unconditionally secure key exchange system based on the laws of classical statistical physics. Similarly to quantum key distribution, in practical situations, due to the non-idealities of the building elements, there is a small information leak, which can be mitigated by privacy amplification or other techniques. In this paper, a professional cable and circuit simulator LTSPICE is used to validate the information leak due to one of the non-idealities in KLJN, the parasitic capacitance. Simulation results show that privacy amplification can efficiently mitigate the leak while a capacitor killer can fully eliminate it.
Category: Classical Physics

[661] viXra:1508.0071 [pdf] submitted on 2015-08-10 11:18:51

Gravitomagnetism: Nature's Phenomenas, Experiments, Mathematical Models \\ Гравитомагнетизм: природные явления, эксперименты, математические модели

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: Pages.

Some nature's large-scale phenomena and unexpected experiments are analyzed. It is shown that they can be explained by the existence of gravitomagnetism and substantial by the value of gravitomagnetic forces. On the same base it is proved that there can exist a generator using the energy of the source of gravitational conservative forces in order to perform work, and that this fact does not contradict to the energy conservation law. \\ Анализируются некоторые масштабные природные явления и неожиданные эксперименты. Доказывается, что они могут быть объяснены существованием гравитомагнетизма и значительных по величине гравитомагнитных сил. На этой же основе доказывается, что может существовать генератор, использующий энергию источника гравитационных консервативных сил для выполнения работы, и это не противоречит закону сохранения энергии.
Category: Classical Physics

[660] viXra:1508.0057 [pdf] submitted on 2015-08-08 23:41:15

Природа гравитации.

Authors: Akovantsev Petr Ivanovich
Comments: 9 Pages.

Гравитация есть следствие движения Эфира в недра звёзд и планет под воздействием вихревого потока СВЕТА.
Category: Classical Physics

[659] viXra:1508.0054 [pdf] submitted on 2015-08-08 07:49:34

Some Numerical Curiosities About the Universe

Authors: Alberto Coe
Comments: 11 Pages.

We try briefly the relationship between numbers and some aspects of physical reality . By means of a simple set of mathematical and physical tools what we wanted to find was dimensionless numbers that could fit with a particular symmetry . In this paper we describe a small sheaf of numerical results .
Category: Classical Physics

[658] viXra:1508.0043 [pdf] submitted on 2015-08-05 06:25:06

Suggested Theoretical Explanation for the Operation of the EM Drive

Authors: Declan Traill
Comments: 3 Pages.

The EM Drive is a propulsionless drive thruster that could be used in spacecraft. It uses microwave energy to generate thrust without the need for a propellant. Mainstream Physics is reluctant to recognise it as valid as it appears to break the law of conservation of momentum in its supposed operation, as it generates thrust without expelling a propellant during its operation. This paper suggests a possible theoretical explanation for its operation (using conventional Physics) whilst retaining conservation of momentum.
Category: Classical Physics

[657] viXra:1508.0035 [pdf] submitted on 2015-08-04 10:26:29

Averaging Theory for Weakly Nonlinear Oscillators

Authors: Aritra Sinha
Comments: 4 Pages.

Here I have first discussed how averaging theory can be an effective tool in solving weakly non- linear oscillators. Then I have applied the technique for a Van der Pol oscillator and extended the stability criterion of a Van der Pol oscillator for any integer n(odd or even).
Category: Classical Physics

[656] viXra:1508.0033 [pdf] submitted on 2015-08-04 10:54:11

Physics That Mandates A Vortex to Form

Authors: J. E. Williams
Comments: Pages. e-mail jack.e.williams@att.net

The physics that I'm about to describe to you is regarding the processes that determine how all self generating vortices get their initial rotation and in some cases continue under the same process. This process or phase is of a major importance to the scientific community. The universe is dictated by the properties of a vortex as in the formation of the galaxies, solar system, stars and planets. Any change in the basic physics of how a vortex functions will have major importance to how the universe actually works.
Category: Classical Physics

[655] viXra:1508.0032 [pdf] submitted on 2015-08-04 04:34:08

Energy Conservation in Monopole Theories

Authors: E. Comay
Comments: 6 Pages.

The paper discusses a monopole theory based on the assumption that electromagnetic fields of charges are identical to electromagnetic fields of monopoles. It proves that this theory violates energy conservation. This result is consistent with the absence of a regular Lagrangian density for this theory as well as with the systematic failure of experiments aiming to detect such monopoles. By contrast, a monopole theory that is derived from a regular Lagrangian density is free of these problems.
Category: Classical Physics

[654] viXra:1507.0164 [pdf] submitted on 2015-07-21 14:18:41

Solving Problems of Advance of Mercury’s Perihelion and Deflection of Photon Around the Sun with New Newton’s Formula of Gravity

Authors: Fu Yuhua
Comments: 6 Pages.

According to the new Newton's formula of gravity (the original law of gravity plus a correction term), i.e., improved Newton's formula of gravity, applying the methods of classical mechanics to solve the problem of advance of Mercury's perihelion and the problem of deflection of photon around the Sun respectively, and the results are the same as given by general relativity. Pointing out that the further topic is based on deriving original law of gravity and original Newton’s second law with law of conservation of energy to derive the new Newton's formula of gravity (the improved Newton's formula of gravity) with law of conservation of energy. To realize the purpose that partially replacing relativity and solving some problems that cannot be solved by relativity with the methods of classical mechanics.
Category: Classical Physics

[653] viXra:1507.0160 [pdf] submitted on 2015-07-21 09:33:57

Depicting of Electric Fields

Authors: Radi I. Khrapko
Comments: 3 Pages. A submission to EJP

Examples are presented that geometrical images of generated electromagnetic fields are emitted by the geometrical images of the electromagnetic fields, which are the sources
Category: Classical Physics

[652] viXra:1507.0146 [pdf] submitted on 2015-07-19 09:41:12

A Source of Conservative Forces do Work on a Closed Trajectory

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 3 Pages.

It is proved that the power of conservative forces (including gravitational forces) performs work on closed trajectories of multiple body's motion, if these bodies are not rigidly connected and between them forces are acting, which depend on the speed of these bodies. A shortened version of this paper has been published in [1, 2] as an appendix.
Category: Classical Physics

[651] viXra:1507.0134 [pdf] submitted on 2015-07-17 07:23:59

Source of Conservative Forces do Work on a Closed Trajectories \\ Источник консервативных сил совершает работу на замкнутой траектории

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 3 Pages. in Russian

It is proved that the source of conservative forces (and including gravitational forces) do work on a closed trajectories of many bodies motion, if these bodies are not rigidly connected and between them there are forces, which depend on the speed of these bodies. An abbreviated version of this article was published in [1, 2], as an application. \\ Доказывается, что источник консервативных сил (и, в том числе, гравитационных сил) совершает работу по замкнутым траекториям движения множества тел, если эти тела не связаны жестко и между ними действуют силы, зависящие от скорости движения этих тел. Сокращенный вариант этой статьи был опубликован в [1, 2], как приложение.
Category: Classical Physics

[650] viXra:1507.0113 [pdf] submitted on 2015-07-15 06:42:16

Sea Currents and Gravitomagnetism \\ Морские течения и гравитомагнетизм

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 9 Pages. in Russian

It is noted that certain of the causes of ocean currents in poor agreement with the existence of closed trajectories of the flow and a stable configuration and cross section shape of flow. Mathematical model of ocean currents using equations gravitomagnetism proposed. It is shown that this model explains the existence of the internal mass forces for creating flow and forces that ensure stability of the configuration and shape of the cross section of flow. \\ Отмечается, что принятые представления о причинах океанских течений плохо согласуются с существованием замкнутых траекторий течения и устойчивостью конфигурации и формы сечения траекторий течения. Строится математическая модель океанских течений с использованием уравнений гравитомагнетизма. Показывается, что эта модель объясняет существование внутренних массовых сил, создающих течение, и сил, которые обеспечивают устойчивость конфигурации и формы сечения струи.
Category: Classical Physics

[649] viXra:1507.0106 [pdf] submitted on 2015-07-14 11:28:15

Reply to G. W. Bruhn

Authors: V. V. Dvoeglazov
Comments: 2 Pages. http://redshift.vif.com/JournalFiles/V20NO1PDF/HORS-14-DVO.pdf

I show that Bruhn’s criticism of my article is based on misunderstandings on his part. Most of the criticisms of the Evans articles were given first in my works and in private communications to them.
Category: Classical Physics

[648] viXra:1507.0105 [pdf] submitted on 2015-07-14 11:31:34

Historical Note on Relativistic Theories of Electromagnetism

Authors: Valeri V. Dvoeglazov
Comments: 19 Pages. http://redshift.vif.com/JournalFiles/Pre2001/V05NO1PDF/v05n1dv1.PDF

Quantum electrodynamics is the well-accepted theory. However, we feel it is useful to look at formalisms that provide alternative ways to describe light, because in the recent years the development of quantum field theories based primarily on the gauge principle has encountered considerable difficulties. There is a wide variety of generalized theories, and they are characterized mainly by the introduction of additional parameters and/or longitudinal modes of electromagnetism. The MajoranaOppenheimer form of electrodynamics, the Sachs theory of Elementary Matter, the analysis of the action-at-a-distance concept, presented recently by Chubykalo and Smirnov-Rueda, and the analysis of the claimed ‘longitudinality’ of the antisymmetric tensor field after quantization are reviewed in this essay. We also list recent advances in the Weinberg 2(2J + 1) formalism (which is built on First Principles) and in the Majorana theory of neutral particles. These may serve as starting points for constructing a quantum theory of light.
Category: Classical Physics

[647] viXra:1507.0104 [pdf] submitted on 2015-07-14 11:42:53

Toward an Understanding of Electromagnetic Phenomena

Authors: Valeri V. Dvoeglazov
Comments: 3 Pages. http://redshift.vif.com/JournalFiles/Pre2001/V04NO2PDF/V04N2DVO.PDF

On the basis of ordinary mathematical methods we discuss new classes of solutions of the Maxwell’s equations discovered in papers by D. Ahluwalia, M. Evans and H. Múnera et al.
Category: Classical Physics

[646] viXra:1507.0102 [pdf] submitted on 2015-07-14 11:53:15

Speculations on the Evans-Comay Discussion

Authors: Valeri V. Dvoeglazov
Comments: 6 Pages. http://redshift.vif.com/JournalFiles/Pre2001/V06NO3PDF/V06N3dvo.pdf

It is proved that the necessary corrections in the Evans-Vigier modified electrodynamics invalidate the arguments given by E. Comay [CPL 261 (1996) 601] against this model. From the conceptual viewpoint the Evans/Comay discussions in several journals have created much confusion.
Category: Classical Physics

[645] viXra:1507.0049 [pdf] submitted on 2015-07-08 06:02:34

Unusual Fountain and Gravitomagnetism \\ Необычный фонтан и гравитомагнетизм

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 8 Pages. in Russian

Unusual underwater fountain [1] considered. Its mathematical model constructed and it is shown that its shape can be explained by the existence of substantial largest gravitomagnetic forces (similar to Lorenz forces) and of gravitomagnetic energy flow (similar to electromagnetic energy flow). \\ Рассматривается необычный подводный фонтан [1]. Строится его математическая модель и показывается, что его форма может быть объяснена существованием значительных по величине гравитомагнитных сил (аналогичных силам Лоренца) и потока гравитомагнитной энергии (аналогичного потоку электромагнитной энергии).
Category: Classical Physics

[644] viXra:1507.0025 [pdf] submitted on 2015-07-04 21:02:55

New Newtonian Mechanics and New Laws of Motion

Authors: GuagSan Yu
Comments: 13 Pages.

The Newton third law by the proof been the wrong been the already, had experimenting of see the substantial evidence on the video , also have the proof of the preciseness treatise. Regard this as the basis to further get, be to the new proof of the Newton second law. New Newton three law, will become more accurate, more useful mechanics principle, guide the new mechanics system deduce and the establishes.
Category: Classical Physics

[643] viXra:1507.0003 [pdf] submitted on 2015-07-01 02:49:30

Ethersupporting Space Movers

Authors: Etkin V.A.
Comments: 5 Pages. in Russian

Discusses the principle and test results space engines that cravings creates due to directional microwave. Shows the inconsistency of allegations of violations of the momentum conservation law and performance of this idea
Category: Classical Physics

[642] viXra:1506.0208 [pdf] submitted on 2015-06-29 08:21:08

Ether as a Prematter

Authors: Etkin V.A.
Comments: 13 Pages. in Russian

It is shown that from the standpoint of the wave theory of the structure of matter to be aired regarded as "prematter" acquiring new properties during its "condensation". Its specificity is discussed as a process structuring ether and marked with the opportunity to overcome a number of the difficulties of theoretical physics
Category: Classical Physics

[641] viXra:1506.0201 [pdf] submitted on 2015-06-28 08:04:12

About Flow of Water Into the Funnel and from Pipe \\ О потоке воды в воронку и из трубы

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 9 Pages. in Russian

It is shown that the rotation of the water flowing into the funnel, or arising out of the pipe under the effect of gravity, it can be explained by the fact that there are significant largest gravity-magnetic forces. \\ Показывается, что вращение воды, втекающей в воронку, или вытекающей из трубы под действием силы тяжести, может быть объяснено существованием значительных по величине гравитомагнитных сил.
Category: Classical Physics

[640] viXra:1506.0157 [pdf] submitted on 2015-06-21 05:51:05

The Equation of Whirlpool

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 12 Pages.

Recently, there appeared a mathematical model of oceanic whirlpools [1], which is almost identical to the models built for space black holes. The similarity between the whirlpools and black holes is found in the fact that an object that happened to be near these objects becomes involved in them and never returns. Such a distant analogy stresses (in our opinion) the fact that this mathematical model is very far from completion. In the presented paper the author attempts to build such a model. This model, as well as above mentioned one, has the same base – the relativity theory. However, the proposed model is more downlanded (or, if you want, water-landed), because in it we use the equations of hydrodynamics and the consequences of the theory of relativity, which are relevant only in the case of low Earth's gravity. Another question is also of interest – about the source of energy which enables the whirlpool to be spinning for a long time when surrounded by still waters. This issue becomes even more important due to the fact that the whirlpools (and not the Moon) are energy sources for the tide [2]. In [1] a source of energy whirlpools not analyzed. Below we show that this source is the Earth's gravitational field.
Category: Classical Physics

[639] viXra:1506.0154 [pdf] submitted on 2015-06-20 11:01:56

Derivation of Inertial Forces (And the Energy) in Newtonian Mechanics.

Authors: Carl-Gustav Hedenby
Comments: 2 Pages.

I show how inertial forces in a rotating system and under equable, linear acceleration can be derived from the classical kinetic energy, and also make a review of my energy derivation.
Category: Classical Physics

[638] viXra:1506.0115 [pdf] submitted on 2015-06-15 04:16:22

The Twin Paradox Analogy in Classical Physics

Authors: Vadim N. Matveev, Oleg V. Matvejev
Comments: 4 Pages.

The article simulates Twin Paradox by means of floating boats. The boats are fitted with a pendulum clock and instruments activated by signals generated by this clock (in time with this clock). The function of the clock pendulum is performed by a high-speed shuttle continuously moving along a vertical (relative to the boat) line between the boat and the bottom. The article demonstrates, that even if two boats are sailing side by side at a speed v relative to the water, then one of them halts, waits for a while and then catches up with the boat sailing ahead, the instruments on the non-inertial boat grew less "old" than on the inertial one.
Category: Classical Physics

[637] viXra:1506.0093 [pdf] submitted on 2015-06-12 08:13:54

New Newton Mechanics

Authors: Fu Yuhua
Comments: 11 Pages.

According to the principle of the uniqueness of truth, this paper presents the New Newton Mechanics (NNM) taking law of conservation of energy as unique source law. Examples show that in some cases other laws may be contradicted with the law of conservation of energy. The original Newton's three laws and the law of gravity, in principle can be derived by the law of conservation of energy. Through the example of free falling body, this paper derives the original Newton's second law and the original law of gravity by using the law of conservation of energy; and through the example of a small ball rolls along the inclined plane (belonging to the problem cannot be solved by general relativity that a body is forced to move in flat space), derives improved Newton's second law and improved law of gravity by using law of conservation of energy. Whether or not other conservation laws (such as the law of conservation of momentum and the law of conservation of angular momentum) can be utilized, should be tested by law of conservation of energy. When the original Newton's second law is not correct, then the laws of conservation of momentum and angular momentum are no longer correct; therefore the general forms of improved law of conservation of momentum and improved law of conservation of angular momentum are presented. In the cases that law of conservation of energy cannot be used effectively, New Newton Mechanics will not exclude that according to other theories or accurate experiments to derive the laws or formulas to solve some specific problems. For example, with the help of the result of general relativity, the improved Newton's formula of universal gravitation can be derived, which can be used to solve the problem of advance of planetary perihelion and the problem of deflection of photon around the Sun. Again, according to accurate experimental result, the synthesized gravitational formula (including the effects of other celestial bodies and sunlight pressure) for the problem of deflection of photon around the Sun is presented. Unlike the original Newton Mechanics, in New Newton Mechanics, for different problems, may have different laws of motion, different formulas of gravity, as well as different expressions of energy. For example, for the problem of a small ball rolls along the inclined plane, and the problem of advance of planetary perihelion, the two formulas of gravity are completely different.
Category: Classical Physics

[636] viXra:1506.0090 [pdf] submitted on 2015-06-11 15:57:04

The Equation of Whirlpool \\ Уравнение водоворота

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 12 Pages. in Russian

Recently, there appeared a mathematical model of oceanic whirlpools [1], which is almost identical to the models built for space black holes. The similarity between the whirlpools and black holes is found in the fact that an object that happened to be near these objects becomes involved in them and never returns. Such a distant analogy stresses (in our opinion) the fact that this mathematical model is very far from completion. In the presented paper the author attempts to build such a model. This model, as well as above mentioned one, has the same base – the relativity theory. However, the proposed model is more downlanded (or, if you want, water-landed), because in it we use the equations of hydrodynamics and the consequences of the theory of relativity, which are relevant only in the case of low Earth's gravity. Another question is also of interest – about the source of energy which enables the whirlpool to be spinning for a long time when surrounded by still waters. This issue becomes even more important due to the fact that the whirlpools (and not the Moon) are energy sources for the tide [2]. In [1] a source of energy whirlpools not analyzed. Below we show that this source is the Earth's gravitational field. \\ Недавно появилась математическая модель океанических водоворотов [1], которая практически полностью совпадает с моделями, построенными для космических черных дыр. Сходство между водоворотами и черными дырами обнаруживается в том, что нечто, оказавшееся вблизи этих объектов, вовлекается в них и никогда не возвращается. Столь далекая аналогия подчеркивает (на наш взгляд), как далека от завершения математическая модель водоворотов. Ниже автор тоже предпринимает попытку построения такой модели. Предлагаемая модель, как и вышеупомянутая, строится на базе одной теории – теории относительности. Но предлагаемая модель более приземлена (или, если хотите, приводнена), поскольку используются также и уравнения гидродинамики, и следствия из теории относительности, выполняющиеся только в условиях слабого земного притяжения. Интересен еще вопрос об источнике энергии, позволяющей водовороту длительное время вращаться в окружении неподвижных вод. Этот вопрос становится еще более важным в связи с тем, что именно водовороты (а не Луна) являются источниками энергии для приливов и отливов [2]. В [1] источник энергии водоворотов не анализируется. Ниже показывается, что этим источником является гравитационное поле Земли.
Category: Classical Physics

[635] viXra:1506.0088 [pdf] submitted on 2015-06-11 12:54:41

A Planar Delta—Cross Shaped Loop Antenna: Analysis and Simulation — The 2 WL Case

Authors: G. A. Papadaniel, N. I. Yannopoulou, P. E. Zimourtopoulos
Comments: 18 Pages. FunkTechnikPlus # Journal, Issue 7 - Year 2, 31 May 2015, v1, 19-36, otoiser ftp#j --- Removed from arXiv by an impotent "moderator"

A planar Delta—Cross shaped loop antenna is proposed. The presentation includes results from an analytic study of the radiation pattern, as well as, from a simulation study for both the electric and radiation characteristics: input impedance, standing wave ratio, radiation pattern and directivity. The loop was initially shaped as 4 non-overlapping equilateral triangles on a plane, symmetrically oriented around a common vertex, center fed at one triangle base. In order to improve the antenna characteristics, its shape was then modified by equally changing the triangle base angle—while keeping the loop length constant and equal to 2 wavelengths WL. In this way, the final antenna loop was shaped with 4 isosceles triangles. The analytical and simulated results for the radiation pattern were found to be in good agreement. Furthermore, a comparison with antenna's dipole counterpart characteristics showed a much better performance of the proposed antenna.
Category: Classical Physics

[634] viXra:1506.0074 [pdf] submitted on 2015-06-09 07:08:06

Some Simple Formulae for Grounding in a Laboratory and the Respective Definition of "Strong Current": a Gate Into Electrical Safety

Authors: Emanuel Gluskin, Raul Rabinovici
Comments: 15 Pages. It is some basic electrical safety from the positions of elementary circuit theory; the argument should be useful for physics and EE students, engineers and teachers.

The concepts of "high power" and/or "heavy current" are defined from the positions of electrical safety in a power laboratory. According to this criterion, for the nominal full power of the device under test (generator, motor, or transformer), we obtain that , where Rgr is the resistance of the grounding, is the maximal voltage permitted for touching, and is the range of the output voltage of the power device, associated with its non-ideality as a voltage source. Limiting one of the values Rgr, or Snom, for the other given, this formula defines what is "high power" for a given laboratory, and the concept of "heavy current" thus appears as a relative one, adjusted to the safety needs. This approach can be helpful in making the very important topic of electrical safety interesting for students and teachers.
Category: Classical Physics

[633] viXra:1506.0059 [pdf] submitted on 2015-06-07 09:50:01

Light

Authors: HuaZhi Dan
Comments: 1 Page.

Light
Category: Classical Physics

[632] viXra:1506.0058 [pdf] submitted on 2015-06-07 10:00:21

Physics

Authors: HuaZhi Dan
Comments: 10 Pages.

Physics
Category: Classical Physics

[631] viXra:1506.0057 [pdf] submitted on 2015-06-07 10:15:32

Electromagnetic Induction

Authors: HuaZhi Dan
Comments: 1 Page.

Electromagnetic induction
Category: Classical Physics

[630] viXra:1506.0056 [pdf] submitted on 2015-06-07 11:38:34

Gravitational Generation of Rain

Authors: Fran De Aquino
Comments: 4 Pages.

Here we show a new process for producing artificial rain. A region of low pressure is produced in Earth’s troposphere, using gravity control. Then clouds are attracted to this region, and thus a bigger cloud can be formed. During the compression process of the cloud, water droplets become large drops through collision and coalescence, and consequently they acquire sufficient fall velocities to reach the ground as rainfall.
Category: Classical Physics

[629] viXra:1505.0219 [pdf] submitted on 2015-05-28 15:36:30

A New Theory in Relational Mechanics ( III & IV )

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 19 Pages. Spanish

In relational mechanics, a new theory is presented, which is invariant under transformations between inertial and non-inertial reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without the necessity of introducing fictitious forces. Additionally, in this paper, all forces can obey or disobey Newton's third law.
Category: Classical Physics

[628] viXra:1505.0216 [pdf] submitted on 2015-05-28 12:44:44

A New Theory in Relational Mechanics ( I & II )

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 19 Pages. Spanish

In relational mechanics, a new theory is presented, which is invariant under transformations between inertial and non-inertial reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without the necessity of introducing fictitious forces. Additionally, in this paper, all forces must always obey Newton's third law.
Category: Classical Physics

[627] viXra:1505.0168 [pdf] submitted on 2015-05-23 14:19:05

(Chinese)New Newtonian Mechanics and New Laws of Motion

Authors: GuagSan Yu
Comments: 6 Pages. This paper is Chinese

The Newton third law has been beened wrong by the proof, have experimenting of see the substantial evidence of the video , also have the proof of the preciseness treatise. Regard this as the basis to further get of, be to the new proof of the Newton second law. New Newton three law, will become more accurate, more useful mechanics principle, guide the new mechanics system deduce and the establishes.
Category: Classical Physics

[626] viXra:1505.0155 [pdf] submitted on 2015-05-21 18:24:51

Deriving Newton's Second Law and Law of Gravity By Using Law of Conservation of Energy

Authors: Fu Yuhua
Comments: 5 Pages.

According to the principle of the uniqueness of truth, there should be only one truth, namely law of conservation of energy, in the area of Newton Mechanics. Through the example of free falling body, this paper derives the original Newton's second law and the original law of gravity respectively by using the law of conservation of energy.
Category: Classical Physics

[625] viXra:1505.0140 [pdf] submitted on 2015-05-19 15:51:10

Electromagnetic Theory and Transformations Between Reference Frames: a New Proposal

Authors: Claudio Piantanida
Comments: May 2015 - 83 pages - english.

This paper proposes a Galilean-invariant theory of electromagnetism, applicable at first order in v/c, describing both instantaneous and propagative interactions. To extend this theory to higher orders, definitions of universal time and proper time are introduced. New transformations between reference frames are also suggested.
Category: Classical Physics

[624] viXra:1505.0132 [pdf] submitted on 2015-05-18 04:43:25

Classical Electrodynamics in Agreement with Newton's Third Law of Motion

Authors: Koen J. van Vlaenderen
Comments: 25 Pages.

The force law of Maxwell's classical electrodynamics does not agree with Newton's third law of motion (N3LM), in case of open circuit magnetostatics. Initially, a generalized magnetostatics theory is presented that includes two additional physical fields $B_\Phi$ and $B_l$, defined by scalar functions. The scalar magnetic field $B_l$ mediates a longitudinal Ampère force that balances the transverse Ampère force (aka the magnetic field force), such that the sum of the two forces agrees with N3LM for all stationary current distributions. Secondary field induction laws are derived; a secondary curl free electric field $\E_l$ is induced by a time varying scalar magnetic field $B_l$, which isn't described by Maxwell's electrodynamics. The Helmholtz' decomposition is applied to exclude $\E_l$ from the total electric field $\E$, resulting into a more simple Maxwell theory. Decoupled inhomogeneous potential equations and its solutions follow directly from this theory, without having to apply a gauge condition. Field expressions are derived from the potential functions that are simpler and far field consistent with respect to the Jefimenko fields. However, our simple version of Maxwell's theory does not satisfy N3LM. Therefore we combine the generalized magnetostatics with the simple version of Maxwell's electrodynamics, via the generalization of Maxwell's speculative displacement current. The resulting electrodynamics describes three types of vacuum waves: the $\Phi$ wave, the longitudinal electromagnetic (LEM) wave and the transverse electromagnetic (TEM) wave, with phase velocities respectively a, b and c. Power- and force theorems are derived, and the force law agrees with Newton's third law only if the phase velocities satisfy the following condition: a>>b and b=c. The retarded potential functions can be found without gauge conditions, and four retarded field expressions are derived that have three near field terms and six far field terms. All six far field terms are explained as the mutual induction of two free fields. Our theory supports Rutherford's solution of the 4/3 problem of electromagnetic mass, which requires an extra longitudinal electromagnetic momentum. Our generalized classical electrodynamics might spawn new physics experiments and electrical engineering, such as new photoelectric effects based on $\Phi$- or LEM radiation, and the conversion of natural $\Phi$- or LEM radiation into useful electricity, in the footsteps of Nikola Tesla and T.Henry Moray.
Category: Classical Physics

[623] viXra:1505.0127 [pdf] submitted on 2015-05-17 22:54:27

Linear, Radial & Scalar Magnitudes

Authors: Agustín A. Tobla
Comments: 1 Page.

In classical mechanics, this paper presents the definitions and the relations of the linear, radial and scalar magnitudes of a pair of particles ij.
Category: Classical Physics

[622] viXra:1505.0126 [pdf] submitted on 2015-05-17 11:07:48

How to Measure the One-Way Speed of Light

Authors: Vadim N. Matveev, Oleg V. Matvejev
Comments: 11 Pages.

The paper discusses a method of measuring the one-way speed of light based on the use of a rigid rod freely rotating around its axis. The authors analyze the conditions related to phase correlation and synchronism of rotation of the rod ends in the reference frame wherein its axial velocity is zero and in the reference frames wherein it moves at a high axial velocity. The anticipated results of the experiment within special relativity and Lorentz ether theory are also considered.
Category: Classical Physics

[621] viXra:1505.0123 [pdf] submitted on 2015-05-17 05:57:11

The Non-Relativistic Models of the Relativistic Bell’s Paradox

Authors: Vadim N. Matveev, Oleg V. Matvejev
Comments: 14 Pages.

Here the so-called Bell’s accelerating rockets paradox is examined. The non-relativistic models of Bell's effect are presented, where likewise the theory of special relativity the proper distance between two rockets following one another is increased them being accelerated on identical programmes. It becomes clear that the proper distance increase is determined by Einstein’s simultaneity of the moments of the start of the programmes execution on the rockets. It is also shown that Einstein’s relative simultaneity does not ensure reversibility of the proper distance between the rockets upon their joint return to their initial state. The reversibility is only achieved by the introduction of the preferred reference frame (not necessarily absolute!) and of the universal time in all inertial reference frames.
Category: Classical Physics

[620] viXra:1505.0103 [pdf] submitted on 2015-05-13 11:00:46

Electron Can be Broken Down Into Smaller Charge Pulses

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 15 Pages.

As an elementary particle, the electron cannot be broken down into smaller particles, at least as far as is currently known. However, in a phenomenon called electron fractionalization, in certain materials an electron can be broken down into smaller "charge pulses," each of which carries a fraction of the electron's charge. Although electron fractionalization has many interesting implications, its origins are not well understood. [9] New ideas for interactions and particles: This paper examines the possibility to origin the Spontaneously Broken Symmetries from the Planck Distribution Law. This way we get a Unification of the Strong, Electromagnetic, and Weak Interactions from the interference occurrences of oscillators. Understanding that the relativistic mass change is the result of the magnetic induction we arrive to the conclusion that the Gravitational Force is also based on the electromagnetic forces, getting a Unified Relativistic Quantum Theory of all 4 Interactions.
Category: Classical Physics

[619] viXra:1505.0100 [pdf] submitted on 2015-05-13 07:34:25

Mathematical Model of Water and Sand Tsunami \\ Математическая модель водного и песчаного цунами

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 9 Pages. in Russian

Mathematical model of a tsunami similar to mathematical models and sandy vortex soliton [1, 2, 3] proposed. The reasons of stability and vertical motion цунами considered.\\ Предлагается математическая модель цунами, аналогичная математическим моделям песчаного вихря и солитона [1, 2, 3]. Рассматриваются причины вертикальной устойчивости и движения цунами.
Category: Classical Physics

[618] viXra:1505.0087 [pdf] submitted on 2015-05-11 10:36:06

Mathematical Model of Dust Whirl

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 11 Pages.

The question of the source of energy in a dust whirl is considered. Atmospheric conditions cannot be the sole source of energy, as such dust whirls exist on Mars, where the atmosphere is absent. Here we show that the source of energy for the dust whirl is the energy of the gravitational field. We present a mathematical model of the sand vortex, which uses a system of Maxwell-like gravitational equations. The model explains some of the properties of the dust whirl – preservation of cylindrical vertical shape of the dust whirl, motion of the dust whirl as a whole.
Category: Classical Physics

[617] viXra:1505.0063 [pdf] submitted on 2015-05-08 01:29:38

Periodic Table of Physical Elements

Authors: Zhiqiang Zhang
Comments: 23 Pages.

This is one of my original works in physics to present periodic table of physical elements which is invented with help of rule of STC , rule of STV and SI units system. All of physical realities designated by physical units possess an common nature of space time structure that can be exclusively described by space time configuration (STC) and space time value (STV). Any physical reality bearing such kind of common nature is called as physical element , such as, space element, time element, mass element, energy element, momentum element, angular moment element, electric quantity element, magnetic moment element, temperature element, mol element and so on. By STC and STV, all of physical elements known and unknown or unidentified have been counted statistically and summarized in form of tables entitled Periodic table of physical elements , abbreviated PTPE. PTPE is consists of 13 tables, among which the 13th table is irregular coefficient ones, while other 12 tables are regular coefficient ones. For regular coefficient tables , each of them contains 36 physical elements , and each of 36 physical elements exhibits by its space time configuration , space time value , name of physical unit, its sign in physics and serial No. in PTPE. More then 400 physical elements in total showcase in such way in this PTPE.
Category: Classical Physics

[616] viXra:1505.0060 [pdf] submitted on 2015-05-07 04:30:51

Non-Wave Mathematical Model of Water Soliton \\ Неволновая математическая модель водного солитона

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 7 Pages. in Russian

It is shown that water soliton, being "ancestor" theory of solitons, drops out of the mathematical model of wave solitons. So below is describes non-wave mathematical model, is describes the flows of matter and energy in the water soliton, is detected energy source, is explained the reasons for its shape and stability of shape and motion of a soliton in general. This model is completely analogous to the mathematical model of the dust whirl [1]. \\ Показывается, что водный солитон, будучи "родоначальником" теории солитонов, выпадает из волновой математической модели солитонов. Поэтому ниже рассматривается неволновая математическая модель, рассматриваются потоки вещества и энергии внутри водного солитона, выявляется источник энергии, объясняются его форма и причины устойчивости формы и движения солитона в целом. Эта модель полностью аналогична математической модели песчаного вихря [1].
Category: Classical Physics

[615] viXra:1505.0057 [pdf] submitted on 2015-05-06 16:06:19

The Laws of Motion and a New Perspective on Inertia

Authors: Chris O'Loughlin
Comments: 5 Pages.

Newton’s Laws of Motion (NLM) represent one of the most significant achievements in the history of science. That said, they are not without their problems. Firstly, NLM treat gravitational motion as if it is caused by a force, which as Einstein discovered, is not true. Secondly, NLM define force in terms of the acceleration a mass undergoes. However, different observers are free to employ different coordinate systems which can result in the measurement of different accelerations. This in turn can result in different observers concluding that different aggregate forces are in action when it must be true that only one aggregate force is in action. The good news is that by incorporating the fact that gravitational acceleration is not caused by a force into a slightly modified version of NLM we can eliminate these problems, and in the process derive a new perspective on the concept of inertia.
Category: Classical Physics

[614] viXra:1505.0054 [pdf] submitted on 2015-05-06 13:27:05

Supplement to Mathematical Model of Dust Whirl \\ Дополнение к математической модели песчаного вихря

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 11 Pages. in Russian

Mathematical model of dust whirl presented in [1], supplemented by the inclusion in the model of mass current, which occurs due to air resistance and inertia grains. Augmented model can explain the cause of vortex motion and argued that there is a positive feedback between the speed of the vortex and its mechanical momentum.\\ Математическая модель песчаного вихря, представленная в [1], дополняется за счет включения в модель массового тока, который появляется из-за сопротивления воздуха и инерция песчинок. Дополненная модель позволяет объяснить причину движения вихря и утверждать, что существует положительная обратная связь между скоростью движения вихря и его механическим импульсом: импульс увеличивается с увеличением скорости и, начав движение, вихрь разгоняется.
Category: Classical Physics

[613] viXra:1504.0210 [pdf] submitted on 2015-04-27 05:20:40

New Newton Mechanics Taking Law of Conservation of Energy as Unique Source Law (Revised Version)

Authors: Fu Yuhua
Comments: 19 Pages.

According to the principle of the uniqueness of truth, this paper presents the New Newton Mechanics (NNM) taking law of conservation of energy as unique source law. Examples show that in some cases other laws may be contradicted with the law of conservation of energy. The original Newton's three laws and the law of gravity, in principle can be derived by the law of conservation of energy. Through the example of free falling body, this paper derives the original Newton's second law and the original law of gravity by using the law of conservation of energy; and through the example of a small ball rolls along the inclined plane (belonging to the problem cannot be solved by general relativity that a body is forced to move in flat space), derives improved Newton's second law and improved law of gravity by using law of conservation of energy. Whether or not other conservation laws (such as the law of conservation of momentum and the law of conservation of angular momentum) can be utilized, should be tested by law of conservation of energy. When the original Newton's second law is not correct, then the laws of conservation of momentum and angular momentum are no longer correct; therefore the general forms of improved law of conservation of momentum and improved law of conservation of angular momentum are presented. In the cases that law of conservation of energy cannot be used effectively, New Newton Mechanics will not exclude that according to other theories or accurate experiments to derive the laws or formulas to solve some specific problems. For example, with the help of the result of general relativity, the improved Newton's formula of universal gravitation can be derived, which can be used to solve the problem of advance of planetary perihelion and the problem of deflection of photon around the Sun. Again, according to accurate experimental result, the synthesized gravitational formula (including the effects of other celestial bodies and sunlight pressure) for the problem of deflection of photon around the Sun is presented. Unlike the original Newton Mechanics, in New Newton Mechanics, for different problems, may have different laws of motion, different formulas of gravity, as well as different expressions of energy. For example, for the problem of a small ball rolls along the inclined plane, and the problem of advance of planetary perihelion, the two formulas of gravity are completely different.
Category: Classical Physics

[612] viXra:1504.0205 [pdf] submitted on 2015-04-26 10:08:56

On the Nature of Consciousness and Mind

Authors: Hasmukh K. Tank
Comments: Two-page letter

It is proposed here that our subjective experience of ‘consciousness’ and ‘mind’ seem to be related to the combined electrostatic field of the whole brain; produced due to compact packaging of electrically-charged neurons. Our subjective experience of ‘consciousness’ may get intensified if the potential-difference between the cell-walls of neurons can be increased from 70 milli Volts, to say, 80 milli Volts. And one may loose the subjective experience of ‘mind’ if the dense packaging of neurons is loosen, by diluting the brain in some liquid, and spreading the network in a larger volume; though the brain may continue to respond to the stimuli, like a machine.
Category: Classical Physics

[611] viXra:1504.0185 [pdf] submitted on 2015-04-23 14:37:58

Computational and Experimental Interferometric Analysis of a Cone-Cylinder-Flare Body

Authors: John R. Cipolla
Comments: 9 Pages.

A series of computational fluid dynamic (CFD) analysis and experiment is discussed that probes the interaction between multiple shock waves and the adjacent boundary layer at high supersonic speed. For a cone-cylinder-flare configuration the viscous boundary layer and its interaction with the outer flow field is computationally determined and then compared to an experimental technique using holographic interferometry. Ultimately, the base flow region of a projectile can be modeled using CFD and its results compared to experimental interferometric data during the validation stage of code development.
Category: Classical Physics

Replacements of recent Submissions

[308] viXra:1508.0043 [pdf] replaced on 2015-08-06 02:52:58

Suggested Theoretical Explanation for the Operation of the EM Drive

Authors: Declan Traill
Comments: 3 Pages.

The EM Drive is a propellantless drive thruster that could be used in spacecraft. It uses microwave energy to generate thrust without the need for a propellant. Mainstream Physics is reluctant to recognise it as valid as it appears to break the law of conservation of momentum in its supposed operation, as it generates thrust without expelling a propellant during its operation. This paper suggests a possible theoretical explanation for its operation (using conventional Physics) whilst retaining conservation of momentum.
Category: Classical Physics

[307] viXra:1507.0048 [pdf] replaced on 2015-07-18 17:20:52

A System to Generate Intense Fluxes of Extremely-Low Frequency Radiation

Authors: Fran De Aquino
Comments: 3 Pages.

A system for generating intense fluxes (>>1 W.m-2) of extremely-low frequency (ELF) radiation, in the range of about 1Hz, is described in this work. It is based on the generation process of cyclotron radiation, and can be used in the research of biological effects of the ELF radiation and also in the therapies that use ELF radiation.
Category: Classical Physics

[306] viXra:1507.0025 [pdf] replaced on 2015-08-30 21:20:54

New Newtonian Mechanics and New Laws of Motion

Authors: GuagSan Yu
Comments: 13 Pages.

The Newton third law by the proof been the wrong been the already, had experimenting of see the substantial evidence on the video , also have the proof of the preciseness treatise. Regard this as the basis to further get, be to the new proof of the Newton second law. New Newton three law, will become more accurate, more useful mechanics principle, guide the new mechanics system deduce and the establishes.
Category: Classical Physics

[305] viXra:1507.0025 [pdf] replaced on 2015-08-04 21:15:03

New Newtonian Mechanics and New Laws of Motion

Authors: GuagSan Yu
Comments: 13 Pages.

The Newton third law by the proof been the wrong been the already, had experimenting of see the substantial evidence on the video , also have the proof of the preciseness treatise. Regard this as the basis to further get, be to the new proof of the Newton second law. New Newton three law, will become more accurate, more useful mechanics principle, guide the new mechanics system deduce and the establishes.
Category: Classical Physics

[304] viXra:1507.0025 [pdf] replaced on 2015-07-08 21:02:36

New Newtonian Mechanics and New Laws of Motion

Authors: GuagSan Yu
Comments: 13 Pages.

The Newton third law by the proof been the wrong been the already, had experimenting of see the substantial evidence on the video , also have the proof of the preciseness treatise. Regard this as the basis to further get, be to the new proof of the Newton second law. New Newton three law, will become more accurate, more useful mechanics principle, guide the new mechanics system deduce and the establishes.
Category: Classical Physics

[303] viXra:1506.0201 [pdf] replaced on 2015-07-06 04:30:07

About Flow of Water Into the Funnel and from Pipe \\ О потоке воды в воронку и из трубы

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 11 Pages.

It is shown that the rotation of the water flowing into the funnel, or arising out of the pipe under the effect of gravity, it can be explained by the fact that there are significant largest gravity-magnetic forces. \\ Показывается, что вращение воды, втекающей в воронку, или вытекающей из трубы под действием силы тяжести, может быть объяснено существованием значительных по величине гравитомагнитных сил.
Category: Classical Physics

[302] viXra:1506.0201 [pdf] replaced on 2015-07-01 13:42:58

About Flow of Water Into the Funnel and from Pipe \\ О потоке воды в воронку и из трубы

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 9 Pages.

It is shown that the rotation of the water flowing into the funnel, or arising out of the pipe under the effect of gravity, it can be explained by the fact that there are significant largest gravity-magnetic forces. \\ Показывается, что вращение воды, втекающей в воронку, или вытекающей из трубы под действием силы тяжести, может быть объяснено существованием значительных по величине гравитомагнитных сил.
Category: Classical Physics

[301] viXra:1506.0157 [pdf] replaced on 2015-08-02 05:40:52

The Equation of Whirlpool

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 15 Pages.

Recently, there appeared a mathematical model of oceanic whirlpools [1], which is almost identical to the models built for space black holes. The similarity between the whirlpools and black holes is found in the fact that an object that happened to be near these objects becomes involved in them and never returns. Such a distant analogy stresses (in our opinion) the fact that this mathematical model is very far from completion. In the presented paper the author attempts to build such a model. This model, as well as above mentioned one, has the same base – the relativity theory. However, the proposed model is more downlanded (or, if you want, water-landed), because in it we use the equations of hydrodynamics and the consequences of the theory of relativity, which are relevant only in the case of low Earth's gravity. Another question is also of interest – about the source of energy which enables the whirlpool to be spinning for a long time when surrounded by still waters. This issue becomes even more important due to the fact that the whirlpools (and not the Moon) are energy sources for the tide [2]. In [1] a source of energy whirlpools not analyzed. Below we show that this source is the Earth's gravitational field.
Category: Classical Physics

[300] viXra:1506.0090 [pdf] replaced on 2015-07-28 05:54:27

The Equation of Whirlpool \\ Уравнение водоворота

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 15 Pages.

Recently, there appeared a mathematical model of oceanic whirlpools [1], which is almost identical to the models built for space black holes. The similarity between the whirlpools and black holes is found in the fact that an object that happened to be near these objects becomes involved in them and never returns. Such a distant analogy stresses (in our opinion) the fact that this mathematical model is very far from completion. In the presented paper the author attempts to build such a model. This model, as well as above mentioned one, has the same base – the relativity theory. However, the proposed model is more downlanded (or, if you want, water-landed), because in it we use the equations of hydrodynamics and the consequences of the theory of relativity, which are relevant only in the case of low Earth's gravity. Another question is also of interest – about the source of energy which enables the whirlpool to be spinning for a long time when surrounded by still waters. This issue becomes even more important due to the fact that the whirlpools (and not the Moon) are energy sources for the tide [2]. In [1] a source of energy whirlpools not analyzed. Below we show that this source is the Earth's gravitational field. \\ Недавно появилась математическая модель океанических водоворотов [1], которая практически полностью совпадает с моделями, построенными для космических черных дыр. Сходство между водоворотами и черными дырами обнаруживается в том, что нечто, оказавшееся вблизи этих объектов, вовлекается в них и никогда не возвращается. Столь далекая аналогия подчеркивает (на наш взгляд), как далека от завершения математическая модель водоворотов. Ниже автор тоже предпринимает попытку построения такой модели. Предлагаемая модель, как и вышеупомянутая, строится на базе одной теории – теории относительности. Но предлагаемая модель более приземлена (или, если хотите, приводнена), поскольку используются также и уравнения гидродинамики, и следствия из теории относительности, выполняющиеся только в условиях слабого земного притяжения. Интересен еще вопрос об источнике энергии, позволяющей водовороту длительное время вращаться в окружении неподвижных вод. Этот вопрос становится еще более важным в связи с тем, что именно водовороты (а не Луна) являются источниками энергии для приливов и отливов [2]. В [1] источник энергии водоворотов не анализируется. Ниже показывается, что этим источником является гравитационное поле Земли.
Category: Classical Physics

[299] viXra:1506.0090 [pdf] replaced on 2015-06-14 06:27:58

The Equation of Whirlpool \\ Уравнение водоворота

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 13 Pages.

Recently, there appeared a mathematical model of oceanic whirlpools [1], which is almost identical to the models built for space black holes. The similarity between the whirlpools and black holes is found in the fact that an object that happened to be near these objects becomes involved in them and never returns. Such a distant analogy stresses (in our opinion) the fact that this mathematical model is very far from completion. In the presented paper the author attempts to build such a model. This model, as well as above mentioned one, has the same base – the relativity theory. However, the proposed model is more downlanded (or, if you want, water-landed), because in it we use the equations of hydrodynamics and the consequences of the theory of relativity, which are relevant only in the case of low Earth's gravity. Another question is also of interest – about the source of energy which enables the whirlpool to be spinning for a long time when surrounded by still waters. This issue becomes even more important due to the fact that the whirlpools (and not the Moon) are energy sources for the tide [2]. In [1] a source of energy whirlpools not analyzed. Below we show that this source is the Earth's gravitational field. \\ Недавно появилась математическая модель океанических водоворотов [1], которая практически полностью совпадает с моделями, построенными для космических черных дыр. Сходство между водоворотами и черными дырами обнаруживается в том, что нечто, оказавшееся вблизи этих объектов, вовлекается в них и никогда не возвращается. Столь далекая аналогия подчеркивает (на наш взгляд), как далека от завершения математическая модель водоворотов. Ниже автор тоже предпринимает попытку построения такой модели. Предлагаемая модель, как и вышеупомянутая, строится на базе одной теории – теории относительности. Но предлагаемая модель более приземлена (или, если хотите, приводнена), поскольку используются также и уравнения гидродинамики, и следствия из теории относительности, выполняющиеся только в условиях слабого земного притяжения. Интересен еще вопрос об источнике энергии, позволяющей водовороту длительное время вращаться в окружении неподвижных вод. Этот вопрос становится еще более важным в связи с тем, что именно водовороты (а не Луна) являются источниками энергии для приливов и отливов [2]. В [1] источник энергии водоворотов не анализируется. Ниже показывается, что этим источником является гравитационное поле Земли.
Category: Classical Physics

[298] viXra:1506.0074 [pdf] replaced on 2015-06-09 13:33:11

Some Simple Formulae for Grounding in a Laboratory and the Respective Definition of "Strong Current": a Gate Into Electrical Safety

Authors: E.Gluskin, R.Rabinovici
Comments: 15 Pages. It is some basic electrical safety from the positions of elementary circuit theory; the argument should be useful for physics and EE students, engineers and teachers.

The concepts of "high power" and/or "heavy current" are defined from the positions of electrical safety in a power laboratory. According to this criterion, for the nominal full power of the device under test (generator, motor, or transformer), we obtain that , where Rgr is the resistance of the grounding, is the maximal voltage permitted for touching, and is the range of the output voltage of the power device, associated with its non-ideality as a voltage source. Limiting one of the values Rgr, or Snom, for the other given, this formula defines what is "high power" for a given laboratory, and the concept of "heavy current" thus appears as a relative one, adjusted to the safety needs. This approach can be helpful in making the very important topic of electrical safety interesting for students and teachers.
Category: Classical Physics

[297] viXra:1506.0058 [pdf] replaced on 2015-06-16 18:07:34

Physics

Authors: HuaZhi Dan
Comments: 10 Pages.

Physics
Category: Classical Physics

[296] viXra:1505.0219 [pdf] replaced on 2015-07-03 07:53:56

A New Theory in Relational Mechanics ( III & IV )

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 19 Pages. Version 5 in English

In relational mechanics, a new theory is presented, which is invariant under transformations between inertial and non-inertial reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without introducing fictitious forces. Additionally, in this paper, we assume that all forces can obey or disobey Newton's third law.
Category: Classical Physics

[295] viXra:1505.0219 [pdf] replaced on 2015-07-02 23:44:25

A New Theory in Relational Mechanics ( III & IV )

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 19 Pages. Spanish

In relational mechanics, a new theory is presented, which is invariant under transformations between inertial and non-inertial reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without introducing fictitious forces. Additionally, in this paper, we assume that all forces can obey or disobey Newton's third law.
Category: Classical Physics

[294] viXra:1505.0219 [pdf] replaced on 2015-06-28 08:52:38

A New Theory in Relational Mechanics ( III & IV )

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 19 Pages. Version 3 in English

In relational mechanics, a new theory is presented, which is invariant under transformations between inertial and non-inertial reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without introducing fictitious forces. Additionally, in this paper, we assume that all forces can obey or disobey Newton's third law.
Category: Classical Physics

[293] viXra:1505.0219 [pdf] replaced on 2015-06-04 07:55:08

A New Theory in Relational Mechanics ( III & IV )

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 19 Pages. Spanish

In relational mechanics, a new theory is presented, which is invariant under transformations between inertial and non-inertial reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without the necessity of introducing fictitious forces. Additionally, in this paper, all forces can obey or disobey Newton's third law.
Category: Classical Physics

[292] viXra:1505.0216 [pdf] replaced on 2015-06-28 08:50:08

A New Theory in Relational Mechanics ( I & II )

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 19 Pages. Version 3 in English

In relational mechanics, a new theory is presented, which is invariant under transformations between inertial and non-inertial reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without introducing fictitious forces. In addition to the above, in this paper, we assume that all forces always obey Newton's third law.
Category: Classical Physics

[291] viXra:1505.0216 [pdf] replaced on 2015-06-04 07:52:08

A New Theory in Relational Mechanics ( I & II )

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 19 Pages. Spanish

In relational mechanics, a new theory is presented, which is invariant under transformations between inertial and non-inertial reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without the necessity of introducing fictitious forces. Additionally, in this paper, all forces must always obey Newton's third law.
Category: Classical Physics

[290] viXra:1505.0168 [pdf] replaced on 2015-08-30 21:27:38

(Chinese)New Newtonian Mechanics and New Laws of Motion

Authors: GuagSan Yu
Comments: 10 Pages. This paper is Chinese

The Newton third law by the proof been the wrong been the already, had experimenting of see the substantial evidence on the video , also have the proof of the preciseness treatise. Regard this as the basis to further get, be to the new proof of the Newton second law. New Newton three law, will become more accurate, more useful mechanics principle, guide the new mechanics system deduce and the establishes.
Category: Classical Physics

[289] viXra:1505.0168 [pdf] replaced on 2015-08-04 20:50:13

(Chinese)New Newtonian Mechanics and New Laws of Motion

Authors: GuagSan Yu
Comments: 10 Pages. This paper is Chinese

The Newton third law by the proof been the wrong been the already, had experimenting of see the substantial evidence on the video , also have the proof of the preciseness treatise. Regard this as the basis to further get, be to the new proof of the Newton second law. New Newton three law, will become more accurate, more useful mechanics principle, guide the new mechanics system deduce and the establishes.
Category: Classical Physics

[288] viXra:1505.0168 [pdf] replaced on 2015-07-04 20:54:09

(Chinese)New Newtonian Mechanics and New Laws of Motion

Authors: GuagSan Yu
Comments: 10 Pages. This paper is Chinese

The Newton third law by the proof been the wrong been the already, had experimenting of see the substantial evidence on the video , also have the proof of the preciseness treatise. Regard this as the basis to further get, be to the new proof of the Newton second law. New Newton three law, will become more accurate, more useful mechanics principle, guide the new mechanics system deduce and the establishes.
Category: Classical Physics

[287] viXra:1505.0168 [pdf] replaced on 2015-06-05 21:18:07

(Chinese)New Newtonian Mechanics and New Laws of Motion

Authors: GuagSan Yu
Comments: 10 Pages. This paper is Chinese

The Newton third law by the proof been the wrong been the already, had experimenting of see the substantial evidence on the video , also have the proof of the preciseness treatise. Regard this as the basis to further get, be to the new proof of the Newton second law. New Newton three law, will become more accurate, more useful mechanics principle, guide the new mechanics system deduce and the establishes.
Category: Classical Physics

[286] viXra:1505.0168 [pdf] replaced on 2015-06-02 23:14:14

(Chinese)New Newtonian Mechanics and New Laws of Motion

Authors: GuagSan Yu
Comments: 9 Pages. This paper is Chinese

The Newton third law by the proof been the wrong been the already, had experimenting of see the substantial evidence on the video , also have the proof of the preciseness treatise. Regard this as the basis to further get, be to the new proof of the Newton second law. New Newton three law, will become more accurate, more useful mechanics principle, guide the new mechanics system deduce and the establishes.
Category: Classical Physics

[285] viXra:1505.0168 [pdf] replaced on 2015-05-27 06:17:44

(Chinese)New Newtonian Mechanics and New Laws of Motion

Authors: GuagSan Yu
Comments: 6 Pages. This paper is Chinese

The Newton third law has been beened wrong by the proof, have experimenting of see the substantial evidence of the video , also have the proof of the preciseness treatise. Regard this as the basis to further get of, be to the new proof of the Newton second law. New Newton three law, will become more accurate, more useful mechanics principle, guide the new mechanics system deduce and the establishes.
Category: Classical Physics

[284] viXra:1505.0126 [pdf] replaced on 2015-05-20 03:41:50

How to Measure the One-Way Speed of Light

Authors: Vadim Matveev, Oleg Matvejev
Comments: 11 Pages.

The paper discusses a method of measuring the one-way speed of light based on the use of a rigid rod freely rotating around its axis. The authors analyze the conditions related to phase correlation and synchronism of rotation of the rod ends in the reference frame wherein its axial velocity is zero and in the reference frames wherein it moves at a high axial velocity. The anticipated results of the experiment within special relativity and Lorentz ether theory are also considered.
Category: Classical Physics

[283] viXra:1505.0100 [pdf] replaced on 2015-05-18 06:27:43

Mathematical Model of Water and Sand Tsunami \\ Математическая модель водного и песчаного цунами

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 10 Pages.

Mathematical model of a tsunami similar to mathematical models and sandy vortex soliton [1, 2, 3] proposed. The reasons of stability and vertical motion цунами considered.\\ Предлагается математическая модель цунами, аналогичная математическим моделям песчаного вихря и солитона [1, 2, 3]. Рассматриваются причины вертикальной устойчивости и движения цунами.
Category: Classical Physics

[282] viXra:1505.0100 [pdf] replaced on 2015-05-14 08:27:09

Mathematical Model of Water and Sand Tsunami \\ Математическая модель водного и песчаного цунами

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 10 Pages.

Mathematical model of a tsunami similar to mathematical models and sandy vortex soliton [1, 2, 3] proposed. The reasons of stability and vertical motion цунами considered.\\ Предлагается математическая модель цунами, аналогичная математическим моделям песчаного вихря и солитона [1, 2, 3]. Рассматриваются причины вертикальной устойчивости и движения цунами.
Category: Classical Physics

[281] viXra:1505.0087 [pdf] replaced on 2015-05-13 07:46:40

Mathematical Model of Dust Whirl

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 11 Pages.

The question of the source of energy in a dust whirl is considered. Atmospheric conditions cannot be the sole source of energy, as such dust whirls exist on Mars, where the atmosphere is absent. Here we show that the source of energy for the dust whirl is the energy of the gravitational field. We present a mathematical model of the sand vortex, which uses a system of Maxwell-like gravitational equations. The model explains some of the properties of the dust whirl – preservation of cylindrical vertical shape of the dust whirl, motion of the dust whirl as a whole.
Category: Classical Physics

[280] viXra:1505.0063 [pdf] replaced on 2015-05-15 23:52:53

Periodic Table of Physical Elements

Authors: Zhiqiang Zhang
Comments: 25 Pages.

This is one of my original works in physics specially to present periodic table of physical elements which is invented with help of rule of STC , rule of STV and SI units. All of physical realities designated by physical units possess an common nature of space time structure that can be exclusively described by space time configuration(STC) and space time value (STV). Any physical reality bearing such kind of common nature is called as physical element , such as, space element, time element, mass element, energy element, momentum element, angular moment element, electric quantity element, magnetic moment element, temperature element, mol element and so on. By rule of STC and rule of STV, all of physical elements known and unknown have been counted statistically and summarized in form of tables entitled Periodic Table of Physical Elements , abbreviated PTPE. PTPE is consists of 13 tables, among which the 13th table is irregular coefficient ones, while other 12 tables are regular coefficient ones. For regular coefficient tables , each of them contains 36 physical elements , and each of 36 physical elements exhibits by its space time configuration , space time value , name of physical unit, its sign in SI units and serial No. in PTPE. More then 400 physical elements in total showcase in such way in PTPE.
Category: Classical Physics

[279] viXra:1505.0054 [pdf] replaced on 2015-05-18 06:51:57

Supplement to Mathematical Model of Dust Whirl \\ Дополнение к математической модели песчаного вихря

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 10 Pages.

Mathematical model of dust whirl presented in [1], supplemented by the inclusion in the model of mass current, which occurs due to air resistance and inertia grains. Augmented model can explain the cause of vortex motion and argued that there is a positive feedback between the speed of the vortex and its mechanical momentum.\\ Математическая модель песчаного вихря, представленная в [1], дополняется за счет включения в модель массового тока, который появляется из-за сопротивления воздуха и инерция песчинок. Дополненная модель позволяет объяснить причину движения вихря и утверждать, что существует положительная обратная связь между скоростью движения вихря и его механическим импульсом: импульс увеличивается с увеличением скорости и, начав движение, вихрь разгоняется.
Category: Classical Physics

[278] viXra:1505.0054 [pdf] replaced on 2015-05-13 08:35:40

Supplement to Mathematical Model of Dust Whirl \\ Дополнение к математической модели песчаного вихря

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 10 Pages.

Mathematical model of dust whirl presented in [1], supplemented by the inclusion in the model of mass current, which occurs due to air resistance and inertia grains. Augmented model can explain the cause of vortex motion and argued that there is a positive feedback between the speed of the vortex and its mechanical momentum.\\ Математическая модель песчаного вихря, представленная в [1], дополняется за счет включения в модель массового тока, который появляется из-за сопротивления воздуха и инерция песчинок. Дополненная модель позволяет объяснить причину движения вихря и утверждать, что существует положительная обратная связь между скоростью движения вихря и его механическим импульсом: импульс увеличивается с увеличением скорости и, начав движение, вихрь разгоняется.
Category: Classical Physics

[277] viXra:1505.0041 [pdf] replaced on 2015-05-06 04:00:41

Orbiting Particles’ Analytic Time Dilations Correlated with the Sagnac Formula

Authors: Brian Coleman
Comments: 8 Pages.

Eastward and westward orbiting plane time dilation formulae which could be envisaged for Hafele & Keating’s 1971 equatorial clocks experiment (idealised), were incorrectly derived in the 2004 textbook Relativity in Rotating Frames, even though exact analytic expressions actually result directly from velocity composition. Moreover the same equations together yield the classic formula for Sagnac’s analogous 1913 experiment where interference fringe patterns from monochromatic light waves emitted in opposite directions around a rotating wheel, shifted in accordance with wheel direction and rate of rotation—an observation which has been misinterpreted by some to challenge special relativity theory.
Category: Classical Physics