Classical Physics

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Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed farther down

[1416] viXra:1811.0248 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-17 01:27:55

The Butterfly Effect and the Electron

Authors: David Lindsay Johnson
Comments: Conclusions on page 34

Benjamin Franklin considered electricity to be analogous to a fluid, labelling objects containing high levels of electricity as having a negative charge and those with low levels a positive charge. In 1897 J.J. Thomson's cathode ray tube experiments identified electrons, and adopting Franklins’s negative charge convention, he determined their charge-by-mass-ratio (e/m), which contributed significantly to the development of the orbital nuclear model of the atom. Dirac’s equations, so important to the development of Quantum Mechanics, are predicated by a mathematical definition of an electron in terms of an electric point monopole with a negative charge, thus re-enforcing the monopole electron concept. Although since the mid 1960’s nucleons have been considered to be hadrons consisting of up and down quarks, protons are still represented as positively charged monopole particles within the nucleus, maintaining the strong co-dependency between the nuclear model and mono pole charged particles.   A toroidal ring model for the electron was first proposed by Alfred Lauck Parson in 1915, variations of which provide a feasible alternative to the monopole concept of the electron. This paper explores implications of adopting a toroidal rather than a monopole model for the electron (the flutter of a butterfly’s wing) and extends the toroidal concept to include Preons, the sub-components of quarks, and thus of nucleons. The resulting atomic structure model is considerably different to the orbital nuclear model (hence the Butterfly Effect). It provides strong correlation between the atomic structure of the elements within the Periodic Table and their physical and chemical characteristics, which is something the orbital nuclear model fails to do. The model also provides a feasible explanation of different allotropic forms of elements and their various bonding geometries, beta decay, electron capture, electron-positron annihilation and the ionization process during plasma formation. Peripheral issues such as EMR, electricity and Gravity are covered in the appendices to reduce distractions within the body of the paper. The implications for Physics and Chemistry theory and practice of simply re-defining the structure of the electron are significant, particularly if the toroidal structure proves to be valid, and demonstrates the major impact of quite minor changes to basic assumptions.
Category: Classical Physics

[1415] viXra:1811.0237 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-15 14:07:07

Self-Standing End-Fed Electrically Quasi-Uniform Linear Arrays: Analysis, Design, Construction, Measurements and FLOSS

Authors: K. Th. Kondylis, N. I. Yannopoulou, P. E. Zimourtopoulos
Comments: 20 Pages.

Based on the analysis presented by the authors in their previous work for end-fed space arrays, where an application to geometrically uniform self-standing linear arrays of parallel dipoles was given, this paper presents the results of a single driving-point, self-standing, fully uniform linear array, that is one which has electrical uniformity, as well as, an application to the constrained pattern design. During the synthesis process and due to the multiplicity of solutions resulting from the complex analytical relations given here, the criterion of Electrically Quasi-Uniform Linear Array EQ-ULA was introduced. An experimental array model was designed, simulated, constructed, and its three main-plane radiation patterns were measured. The measurements were found in good agreement with analytical, computational, and theoretical results, and thus the proposed technique was experimentally proved. The developed software applications are available as FLOSS Free Libre Open Source Software.
Category: Classical Physics

[1414] viXra:1811.0205 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-13 11:55:31

Increase of Reliability of Escalators at Metro Stations

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 2 Pages. -

The reason of frequent repairs of escalators is considered
Category: Classical Physics

[1413] viXra:1811.0198 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-12 07:04:54

Unresolved Question of the Piloted Astronautics

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 2 Pages. -

The question of adaptation to zero gravity is considered
Category: Classical Physics

[1412] viXra:1811.0172 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-10 05:55:54

Gravity Between Moving Masses

Authors: Dezso Sarkadi
Comments: 5 Pages.

In this paper, a previously unknown form of gravity is presented what has been named by "dy- namic gravity". Under dynamic gravity, we mean the phenomenon of gravitation between moving masses. The nearly 300-year success of the Newtonian gravitation theory has always been based on the implicit assumption that the gravitational force is the same size between standing and moving masses in non-relativistic cases. In the 1990s, gravitational experiments were carried out in Hungary in which the gravitational eects were studied between moving masses. Surprisingly, the moving source masses generated more powerful gravitational force than expected by the Newtonian gravity. In addition, in these experiments gravitational repulsion also appeared with the same strength as the attraction, depending on the moving directions of the interactive masses. The theoretical investigations have shown that the newly explored gravitational phenomenon is direct consequence of the special relativity. Keywords: experimental gravity, dynamic gravity, special relativity, physical pendulum, speed-dependent gravity
Category: Classical Physics

[1411] viXra:1811.0162 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-10 19:50:44

AI Physics - Atomic Structure

Authors: Brian Strom
Comments: 15 Pages.

With the help of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Deep Learning, the structure of the atom is computed from the results of established experiments on ionization energies and spectral emissions. The AI searches for trends and patterns in the ionization energy levels – when electrons are energized to escape from an atom. The AI first observes that the “depth” of the atomic Potential Energy Well is directly proportional to the number of protons in the nucleus, but is not dependent on the number of neutrons. The AI computes the energy levels for a “multi-layered ball” of electrons in a Potential Energy Well, and compares them to the ionization energy levels and electron depths. It identifies close similarities and proposes that electrons simply fill the three-dimensional atomic Potential Energy Well around the nucleus – loosely-packed for the lighter elements, and more tightly-packed for the heavier elements. The AI concludes that electrons are much larger than we presently imagine.
Category: Classical Physics

[1410] viXra:1811.0129 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-09 01:20:23

An Ideal About the Forces

Authors: Jianping Mao
Comments: 2 Pages.

All of the forces may be a reflection of electromagnetic force in different scales, if the opposite charges attract was very faintly larger than like charges repel.
Category: Classical Physics

[1409] viXra:1811.0121 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-07 09:51:42

New Concept of Conservation Laws

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 3 pages

In contemporary physics a conservation law states that the total sum of particular measurable properties of an isolated physical system remains constant over time. This statement is incomplete. This article formulates a complete set of conservation laws.
Category: Classical Physics

[1408] viXra:1811.0101 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-06 11:37:35

Force on an Electric Current Flowing Through the Inner Area of a Long Uniformly Cylindrical Shell Current

Authors: Yannan Yang
Comments: 4 Pages.

It is generally considered that an electric current does not experience any force when it flows through any area where the magnetic field is zero and any places having zero magnetic fields are identical in magnetism. However, if Newton’s third law works, an electric current must feel a pressure or expansibility when it flowing through the inside area of a uniformly cylindrical shell current, where the magnetic field is zero. Concerning the pressure or expansibility on an electric current, the zero magnetic field area inside a long uniformly cylindrical shell current is not identical in magnetism with the absolute zero magnetic field which is far away from any magnetic sources.
Category: Classical Physics

[1407] viXra:1811.0092 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-07 02:36:46

Multiverse Shrinkage with C Speed

Authors: Aurelian Dan Ivan
Comments: 2 Pages.

The notions of length, mass and time are the result of sensory perception. Physics is based on images created by us through observation and transmitted for mathematical or experimental confirmations. In modern physics and cosmology, what could not be noticed, being below or above the limit of observation of our instruments, are simple hypotheses that mathematical sciences have to confirm. We evaluate the cosmic space in terms of objects, bodies and particles, dividing the universe into a macrocosm and a microcosm, and establishing absolute results for distances and relative masses, which is illogical. The multiverse is infinite and consists of an infinite number of universes The multiverse is composed of multiverse elements The multiverse elements are perceived by humans as a substance or field function within the human observation . The measures of multiverse elements space-time dimensions, tend to mathematically 0. Applying number 0 to physics formulas is erroneous, except for addition and decrease operations, this being only a neutral element to add; the defining property of 0 is that 0 + a = a for all numbers a. The expressions "something / 0 = infinite" and "something x 0 = 0" can not describe the physical reality. The multiverse is shrinking by changing the scale. The shrinking takes place across the entire space and temporal scale, thus preserving our perception of the relative scale of the universe and of all the multiverse elements that make up at one point. For disqus : daurelian52@gmail.com
Category: Classical Physics

[1406] viXra:1811.0063 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-04 10:10:48

R (T) in Integral Representation

Authors: Zafer Sah
Comments: 22 Pages.

The location coordinate in free fall is brought into a harmonic form. This results in an elementary representation that would appear in almost every physics book.
Category: Classical Physics

[1405] viXra:1811.0042 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-04 03:31:05

Some Suggestions in Modern Physics.

Authors: Durgadas Datta.
Comments: 2 Pages. Hints for a new Quantum Physics.

Re looking Modern Physics.
Category: Classical Physics

[1404] viXra:1810.0514 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-30 08:47:59

Energy Velocity and Reactive Fields

Authors: Hans G. Schantz
Comments: 15 Pages. Philos Trans A Roy Soc (London) Published 29 October 2018. DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2017.0453

Conventional definitions of “near fields” set bounds that describe where near fields may be found. These definitions tell us nothing about what near fields are, why they exist, or how they work. In 1893, Heaviside derived the electromagnetic energy velocity for plane waves. Subsequent work demonstrated that although energy moves in synchronicity with radiated electromagnetic fields at the speed of light, in reactive fields the energy velocity slows down, converging to zero in the case of static fields. Combining Heaviside's energy velocity relation with the field Lagrangian yields a simple parameterization for the reactivity of electromagnetic fields that provides profound insights to the behaviour of electromagnetic systems. Fields guide energy. As waves interfere, they guide energy along paths that may be substantially different from the trajectories of the waves themselves. The results of this paper not only resolve the long standing paradox of runaway acceleration from radiation reaction, but also make clear that pilot wave theory is the natural and logical consequence of the need for quantum mechanics to correspond to the macroscopic results of classical electromagnetic theory.
Category: Classical Physics

[1403] viXra:1810.0506 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-30 12:33:04

The Maxwell-Heaviside Equations

Authors: Antoine Acke
Comments: 29 Pages.

According to the gravitoelectromagnetic description of the gravitational phenomena, the Maxwell-Heaviside equations (GEM equations) govern the gravitational field. In this article these equations are mathematically deduced from the kinematics of the “informatons”, that – according to the “theory of informatons” - are the constituent elements of that field. It is also shown that the GEM equations are mathematically consistent and that they imply the existence of gravitational waves.
Category: Classical Physics

[1402] viXra:1810.0482 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-30 06:55:52

Conditions for Stable Equilibrium of the Upright Human Body in the Presence of External Influence

Authors: Karlo Moistrapishvili
Comments: 4 Pages.

This paper is a continuation of the earlier work, which considered the stable equilibrium of upright human body in the absence of external factors. External forces are introduced herein, which may disturb the stable equilibrium and cause the body to tumble. The paper also introduces the concept of the coefficient of the stable equilibrium and proposes a formula for its calculation. Finally, a formula is set up to obtain the maximum value of external forces under which the body still maintains the state of equilibrium.
Category: Classical Physics

[1401] viXra:1810.0468 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-28 18:12:52

Inconsistencies in EM Theory - the Kelvin Polarization Force Density Contradiction

Authors: Zoltan Losonc
Comments: 38 Pages.

Calculations of resultant electrostatic force on a charged spherical or cylindrical capacitor with two sectors of different dielectrics, based on the classical formulas of electrostatic pressure, Kelvin polarization force density, and Maxwell stress tensor predict a reactionless force that violates Newton’s 3rd law. Measurements didn’t confirm the existence of such a reactionless thrust, thus there is an apparent inconsistency in the classical EM theory that leads to wrong results.
Category: Classical Physics

[1400] viXra:1810.0446 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-26 14:19:49

Time, Information and Memory

Authors: Kaushik Kumar Majumdar
Comments: 27 Pages. It should be in Computer Science / Information Theory category

In this work we present a unified mathematical framework, under which time, information and memory are represented. This framework is multidimensional real manifolds. Clock is a system in which a particle traverses the real line (a one dimensional manifold) in uniform velocity. Time is indicated by the position of the particle. Information is represented by the deformation of a multidimensional manifold. This deformation takes some time to take place, during which information is created (encoded) dynamically. When the deformation in the manifold is preserved over time it is called memory. Preservation over short period of time is short term memory and over long period of time is long term memory. Information as deformation of manifold accommodates both Shannon type (information as random occurrence of coded data, devoid of meaning) and semantic type (information as the meaning of data, where the meaning may or may not be unique). Accommodating codons, the unit of genetic information, in this unified framework is very challenging and left as an open problem. If this can be achieved we will get a framework in which it will become possible to study how information encoded in the gene manifests through proteins expression in an organism. Several real life applications of the study have been highlighted.
Category: Classical Physics

[1399] viXra:1810.0387 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-23 11:15:41

Quantum Entanglement and Multispace Conception

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 7pages, 5 figures

In contemporary physics space is the boundless, three-dimensional extent in which objects and events occur, i.e., a large container and the force field is a part of space where force acts. In contradiction to this very basic principle of contemporary physics we here propose a new concept that space and physical force field are mutually dependent entities of the same phenomena. If the force field does not exist, then the corresponding space does not exist either. And vice verse, if space does not exist, there is no force field present. Therefore each force field is associated with a separate space, which we call eigenspace. Objects which carry several force fields form several eigenspaces, for example, an electron has gravitation eigenspace, electric eigenspace and magnetic eigenspace. Particles in one eigenspace can be entangled, while in another eigenspace they must be separated in large distances, for example, photons entangled in the electromagnetic eigenspace can be separated in the gravitation eigenspace. All eigenspaces except gravitation eigenspace are separated for direct observation. In this sense they are Einstein “hidden variables”.
Category: Classical Physics

[1398] viXra:1810.0372 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-22 11:17:30

Ether Theory of Everything

Authors: Aleksei Morozov
Comments: 73 Pages.

Ether Theory of Everything (aka Ether Theory) is Ether Theory of Relativity of Gravity and Magnetism, HyperAtomic Model, Ether Quantum Mechanics, Ether Cosmology, HyperAtomic Reactor, Ether Neural Network.
Category: Classical Physics

[1397] viXra:1810.0371 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-22 11:22:49

Эфирная Теория Всего

Authors: Morozov Aleksey Aleksandrovich
Comments: 73 Pages. In Russian

Эфирная Теория Всего (или Эфирная Теория) - это Эфирная Теория Относительности Гравитации и Магнетизма, ГиперАтомная Модель, Эфирная Квантовая Механика, Эфирная Космология, ГиперАтомный Реактор, Эфирная Нейронная Сеть.
Category: Classical Physics

[1396] viXra:1810.0352 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-21 09:06:47

A Resolution Of The Catt Anomaly.

Authors: Chan Rasjid Kah Chew
Comments: 7 Pages.

The Catt anomaly - more correctly the ‘Catt Question’ - was posed by Ivor Catt since 1982. It was initially posed to two Cambridge professors in electromagnetism who gave contradictory resolutions. None provided answers to explained why two authorities gave contradictory answers. Over the years, some attempts have been made but they did not seem to have been satisfactory. As recent as 2013, two Italian professors M. Pieraccini and S. Selleri attempted yet another resolution published in the journal Physics Education. From the critique by Stephen J. Crothers, this attempt too may be unsatisfactory. The author here gives an answer to the Catt question that is based only on classical electromagnetic theory. Through investigation on the Catt question, a concomitant observation have been made that electrical interactions and electric power transfer over conducting conductors all are based on instantaneous_action_at_a_distance’.
Category: Classical Physics

[1395] viXra:1810.0299 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-20 05:05:17

Merging Mathematical and Physical Models

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 35 Pages.

University of Illinois Professor Harry Hilton brought together several mathematical and physical theories to help look at problems in more unified ways and solve physical engineering problems. [21] A team of physicists from RUDN, JINR (Dubna), and the University of Hamburg (Germany) developed a mathematical model for describing physical processes in hybrid systems that consists of atoms and ions cooled down to temperatures close to absolute zero. [20] Recently, extensive study shows that the parity-time symmetry breaking in open systems leads to exceptional points, promising for novel applications leasers and sensing. [19] A recent discovery by William & Mary and University of Michigan researchers transforms our understanding of one of the most important laws of modern physics. [18] Now, a team of physicists from The University of Queensland and the NÉEL Institute has shown that, as far as quantum physics is concerned, the chicken and the egg can both come first. [17] In 1993, physicist Lucien Hardy proposed an experiment showing that there is a small probability (around 6-9%) of observing a particle and its antiparticle interacting with each other without annihilating—something that is impossible in classical physics. [16] Scientists at the University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland, recently reengineered their data processing, demonstrating that 16 million atoms were entangled in a one-centimetre crystal. [15] The fact that it is possible to retrieve this lost information reveals new insight into the fundamental nature of quantum measurements, mainly by supporting the idea that quantum measurements contain both quantum and classical components. [14]
Category: Classical Physics

[1394] viXra:1810.0275 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-17 11:49:34

Matter and Its Origin

Authors: Louis Rancourt
Comments: 66 Pages. refer to paper Further Experiments Demonstrating the Effect of Light on Gravitation

Following experimental results of the effect of light on gravity, a possible explanation of this effect and on matter itself.
Category: Classical Physics

[1393] viXra:1810.0270 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-18 01:28:16

The Tides. Necessary Correction

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 1 Page. -

Correction according to the remark made by the reader is executed
Category: Classical Physics

[1392] viXra:1810.0266 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-16 05:46:04

The Sea Tides in the Offered Explanation

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 4 Pages. -

The physical explanation of really observed phenomenon - the sea and ocean tides is offered.
Category: Classical Physics

[1391] viXra:1810.0192 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-13 03:34:36

Action Without Counteraction. Magic Physics of A.a. Grishayev

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 4 Pages. -

The comment to "Sketches for new physics"
Category: Classical Physics

[1390] viXra:1810.0185 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-11 08:58:09

Correction of the First Law of Motion of Newtonian Mechanics

Authors: Wei Fan
Comments: 2 Pages.

From the proposal of law of inertia to the present, we have never doubted its correctness. In fact, inertia exists objectively, while Galileo and Newton's definition of inertia is wrong. Therefore, I made a correction here.
Category: Classical Physics

[1389] viXra:1810.0172 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-10 11:20:06

Cargo Cult Science – Electromagnetic Wave Fundamentals

Authors: Frank H. Makinson
Comments: 11 Pages.

Electromagnetic fundamentals are being tagged herein as cargo cult science because they are based upon incomplete information. The scientific community assumes it has a correct grasp of electromagnetic fundamentals even though Maxwell, Hertz and contemporary scientists have not identified some of the basic characteristics of the electromagnetic wave phenomenon. Maxwell did not know of the existence of electrons when he developed his equations describing the characteristics of electromagnetic waves, but he was aware of the existence of charged particles and action at a distance. An error made early in the study of electromagnetic waves, and ignored to this day, has compromised scientists understanding of electromagnetic characteristics and other physical laws.
Category: Classical Physics

[1388] viXra:1810.0161 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-11 03:41:42

Consideration of Parallel Universe

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 5 Pages.

I put memos and letters in the Tesla coil and I am hoping that it will fly in the past and change the present. It might be like a dream. However, since there is only this method, I am challenging it.
Category: Classical Physics

[1387] viXra:1810.0160 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-10 06:03:52

Gyroscopic Effects

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 6 Pages. -

The physical explanation of change of weight of the rotating gyroscopes is offered
Category: Classical Physics

[1386] viXra:1810.0135 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-10 02:18:06

Exponential-Grating Monochromator

Authors: Kenneth C. Johnson
Comments: 7 Pages.

A monochromator optical design is described, which comprises a grazing-incidence reflection grating and two grazing-incidence mirrors, one on each side of the grating. The grating operates in conical diffraction mode and has an exponential phase function, so that the wavelength can be scanned by translating the grating surface in the phase-gradient direction. The wavelength can be continuously tuned over a wide spectral range while maintaining zero-aberration performance over the full range, and perfect blazing is also achieved over the full illumination aperture at all wavelengths.
Category: Classical Physics

[1385] viXra:1810.0123 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-08 11:59:08

From Maxwell’s Equations to Electro-Magnetic Waves

Authors: Sjaak Uitterdijk
Comments: 5 Pages.

This article shows how Electro-Magnetic source and wave are related and why the propagation velocity of light in vacuum is c, exclusively relative to its source.
Category: Classical Physics

[1384] viXra:1810.0031 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-04 05:16:35

Eigenfrequency Determination of Biocells by a Multibioresonance Treatment Device

Authors: Un Sok Baek, Phyongchol Ri, Kwang Chol Jon, Chon Il Jo, Hi Hang An
Comments: 9 Pages.

Now a great interest has been attracted to the study on the physiological and the pathological eigenfrequency of the given biocell for bioresonance treatment. Until now few method for determining of eigenfrequency has been introduced, while some known eigenfrequencies are also considered to be different by each researcher. As shown in previous studies, under a certain external electromagnetic vibration, physiological eigenfrequency becomes larger while pathological eigenfrequency becomes smaller. Bioresonance treatment is just based on this simple principle. In this paper a method for determining the most important eigenfrequency of given biocell based on continuous variation of frequency has been presented, which can be effectively used in multi-bioresonance treatment equipments.
Category: Classical Physics

[1383] viXra:1809.0579 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-29 18:49:55

Electrostatic Accelerated Electrons Within Information Horizons Exert Bidirectional Propellant-Less Thrust

Authors: Ankur S. Bhatt, F.M. Becker
Comments: 26 Pages.

During internal discharge (electrical breakdown or field emission transmission), thin symmetric capacitors accelerate slightly towards the anode, in contradiction to standard physics. The effect can be predicted by core concepts of a model called quantised inertia (also known as MiHsC) which assumes inertia of accelerated particles, such as electrons, is caused by Unruh radiation. This discrete Unruh radiation forms standing waves between the particle’s boundaries to a Rindler horizon and a confinement horizon, which are established based on special relativity in concert with quantum mechanics. Electrons accelerate toward the anode and are assumed to encounter an inhomogenous Unruh radiation condition causing a force suggested by a modification to their inertial mass. To conserve momentum, the overall mechanical system moves in the direction of the anode. This resulting force is assumed to be caused by an energy gradient in between the confinement and the Rindler zone and its equation is derived directly from the uncertainty principle. Various thicknesses of discharging capacitors are compared to show the agreement between the experimental findings and a virtual particle oscillation associated with a standing wave energy gradient hypothesis.
Category: Classical Physics

[1382] viXra:1809.0567 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-28 13:23:42

Helical Solenoid Model of the Electron

Authors: Oliver Consa
Comments: 10 Pages.

A new semiclassical model of the electron with helical solenoid geometry is presented. This new model is an extension of both the Parson Ring Model and the Hestenes Zitterbewegung Model. This model interprets the Zitterbewegung as a real motion that generates the electron’s rotation (spin) and its magnetic moment. In this new model, the g-factor appears as a consequence of the electron’s geometry while the quantum of magnetic flux and the quantum Hall resistance are obtained as model parameters. The Helical Solenoid Electron Model necessarily implies that the electron has a toroidal moment, a feature that is not predicted by Quantum Mechanics. The predicted toroidal moment can be tested experimentally to validate or discard this proposed model.
Category: Classical Physics

[1381] viXra:1809.0566 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-28 13:25:15

The Helicon: A New Preon Model

Authors: Oliver Consa
Comments: 5 Pages.

A new preon model is presented as an extension of the semiclassical Helical Solenoid Electron Model that was previously proposed by the author. This helicon model assumes as postulates both the Atomic Principle and the equality between matter and electric charge. These postulates lead us to a radical reinterpretation of the concepts of antimatter and dark matter and form a new framework for future preon theories.
Category: Classical Physics

[1380] viXra:1809.0537 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-26 17:21:57

A Hidden Circle in the Paths of a Family of Projectiles

Authors: Radhakrishnamurty Padyala
Comments: 4 Pages.

It is already known that an ellipse passes through the apexes of a family of the parabolic paths of projectiles shot from a point with constant speed but different angles of projection. In this article we describe a method to show that a circle passes through the focii of such a family of projectile paths whose center is the point of projection. In this method, we don’t use vectors, or calculus or Newton’s laws of motion.
Category: Classical Physics

[1379] viXra:1809.0482 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-24 01:50:25

On the Speed of Light and Continuity of Physical Vacuum

Authors: Anatoly V. Belyakov
Comments: 3 Pages.

It is shown that the speed of light can be calculated on the basis of the velocity equation of the waves propagating along a liquid surface. This gives reason to believe that the vacuum medium, being discrete, simultaneously possesses the property of continuity, like the surface of an ideal fluid.
Category: Classical Physics

[1378] viXra:1809.0469 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-22 15:11:02

Spin Radiation from a Rotating Dipole

Authors: Radi Khapko
Comments: 6 Pages. The paper represents an unknown physical phenomenon

When the canonical spin tensor is used, a spin is detected along the axis of rotation of a rotating electric dipole. Early this spin radiation was obtained by Feynman in the frame of quantum mechanics. The magnitude of the spin flux is half the flux of the angular momentum that is emitted by a rotating dipole, according to modern electrodynamics, and this angular momentum flux is recognized here as an orbital angular momentum. Thus, the total angular momentum flux exceeds 1.5 times the value now recognized. It is shown that the torque experienced by a rotating dipole from the field is equal in magnitude to this total angular momentum flux
Category: Classical Physics

[1377] viXra:1809.0447 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-21 02:46:46

Accurate Tool Servo Control for Precision Diamond Turning

Authors: Kenneth C. Johnson
Comments: 4 Pages.

The accuracy of precision diamond turning is limited by stage interferometers, which do not provide a direct measure of the cutting tool proximity to the workpiece or the depth of cut. When making shallow trim cuts on a previously machined part, accuracy can be greatly increased by using a proximity or depth sensor on or close to the tool for position servo control. Further improvements in both surface form and finish can be made by machining a pattern into a sacrificial layer, which is then transferred into the workpiece by a selective etch process. These techniques are particularly useful for EUV and X-ray mirrors and gratings.
Category: Classical Physics

[1376] viXra:1809.0446 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-21 03:24:02

A More Exact G Gravitational Constant Value Established by Dimensional Analysis

Authors: Teodor Ognean
Comments: 8 Pages.

A more exact G gravitational constant value was established by dimensional analysis. This more exact value is equal to 6.674092281∙10^-11 m^3 kg^-1 s^-2. This result was obtained based on the values of the Planck constant, the Avogadro constant and the Boltzmann constant that will be recommended, in November 2018, by the 26th meeting of the General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM). These constants will be considered, by a resolution of the CGPM, to have exact values. On the base of these exact values, the gravitational constant G is established by calculus. At the same time, the dimensional analysis presented in this article highlights very interesting aspects with respect to the mass.
Category: Classical Physics

[1375] viXra:1809.0445 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-21 03:41:02

Combined Theory Of time

Authors: Suraj Deshmukh
Comments: 51 Pages. Contains illustrations.

In this theory I have represented time in a new manner, it treats time to be isolated. After the isolated consideration we merge it with space. In this document we will find a solution to grandfather paradox. We will make a mathematical approach in some other document.
Category: Classical Physics

[1374] viXra:1809.0431 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-19 18:16:46

The Theories Of The Graviton Part One: The Classical Framework of the Particle’s Nature and Mechanics

Authors: Noah MacKay, Aaron Bain
Comments: 18 Pages. Undergraduate Independent Study

Gravitons are the quantum particles of gravity that, if proven to exist, would potentially connect quantum mechanics with gravitation. This particular paper, however, mostly describes the particle’s nature and mechanics in the framework of classical physics: the same framework in which General Relativity was formulated. Although a classically-dominant perspective of gravitonic nature and mechanics, both quantum and classical physics are used to propose theorems, and to suppose two main considerations of the graviton: 1) The roles of the quantum graviton are vital in the overall nature of classical gravitation, 2) the particles contribute to the formation and potential energy of gravitational waves.
Category: Classical Physics

[1373] viXra:1809.0373 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 02:23:32

Lunar Capture Theory from the Point of Vortical Celestial Mechanics

Authors: Edgars Alksnis
Comments: 2 Pages.

Attraction of two planetary vortices of different spins allow lunar capture to proceed less dramatic.
Category: Classical Physics

[1372] viXra:1809.0365 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-18 09:55:34

Physical Quantity Mass a Scalar or a Vector? Mass Virtual and Real

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 2 Pages. -

The scalar or vector sense of physical quantity of mass is considered
Category: Classical Physics

[1371] viXra:1809.0336 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-16 23:01:22

The Problem of Identity of Scalar Models of Gravity and Elasticity.

Authors: Oleg Tcherepanov
Comments: 23 Pages.

Using the principle of virtual scale, it was possible to obtain new solutions to a number of problems of mechanics as the first section of General physics. The identical transformation of the known rules and laws of classical science modifies the formulas into scalar structures of six special numbers. The context of the proposed theory consists of non-standard Metrology, scalar mechanics and physics without artifacts. They can be found in the published monographs ISBN 978-3-659-60213-9, ISBN 978-3-659-74415-9 and articles vixra: 1503.0037, vixra: 1807.0458, vixra: 1808.0182, vixra: 1808.0631.
Category: Classical Physics

[1370] viXra:1809.0295 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-15 01:16:04

Physical Sense of Force and Mass

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 2 Pages. -

Force and mass - scalars or vectors?
Category: Classical Physics

[1369] viXra:1809.0294 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-15 01:33:08

With What the Physics Begins …

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 7 Pages. -

The laws of the Newtonian mechanics defining physical concepts of forces and masses are considere
Category: Classical Physics

[1368] viXra:1809.0292 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-15 01:44:30

As there Are Scientific Delusions. Principles of Physics

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 7 Pages. -

The axiomatic fundamentals of theoretical physics … have to be freely invented
Category: Classical Physics

[1367] viXra:1809.0276 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-14 01:39:21

Clarity or Intentional Intricacy? Science Philosophy

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 9 Pages. -

Separate examples of scientific worldview
Category: Classical Physics

[1366] viXra:1809.0275 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-14 01:53:26

Reasons of Rotation of Planets

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 4 Pages. -

Explanation of rotation of planets law of classical physics
Category: Classical Physics

[1365] viXra:1809.0273 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-14 02:09:03

As there Are Scientific Delusions

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 24 Pages. -

On the example of classical physics. Description of rotation
Category: Classical Physics

[1364] viXra:1809.0247 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-11 09:21:05

The Ellipse Circle Ellipse Property of Projectile Motion

Authors: Radhakrishnamurty Padyala
Comments: 5 Pages.

Recently we gave an alternate method to show the presence of an ellipse in the paths of projectiles, to the method given by Fernandez-Chapou and coworkers. Our method demonstrated that particles dropped from points of a circle in a vertical plane on to the horizontal diameter and reflected through 90 degrees by mirrors halfway on their paths, follow parabolic trajectories and that the apexes of these parabolic paths lie on an ellipse. In this article we give a similar procedure to show that particles dropped from points of an ellipse in a vertical plane to the horizontal (minor) axis but reflected through 90 degrees by mirrors halfway on their paths, follow parabolic trajectories and that the apexes of these parabolic paths lie on a circle. From this circle we can generate another ellipse by a similar procedure as above. This ‘circle-ellipse-circle–ellipse-…’ cycle is a representation of the ‘birth-death-birth-death-…’ cycle. It is a representation of the ‘parent-child-parent-child-…’ cycle of living organisms. These cycles have no beginning and no end. They exhibit the beauty of symmetry of Natural law. We don’t use vectors or calculus or Newton’s laws in our method. We follow Galileo’s tradition, use geometry principles in our analysis.
Category: Classical Physics

[1363] viXra:1809.0235 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-11 19:10:09

In Support of a New Gravitational Model

Authors: Richard A Peters
Comments: 41 Pages.

If gravity is mediated by the exchange of gravitons between objects, then the acceleration of an object toward a gravitational body (GB) is proportional to the graviton flux emitted by the GB that impinges on the object. Any motion of the object relative to the GB will affect the graviton flux from the GB on the object. The acceleration of the object relative to the GB will thus depend on both the object’s distance from the object and its motion relative to the GB. This behavior defies the known acceleration profile that is absent any factor of the velocity of an object in the gravitational field. If an object were directly subject to gravity, the gravitational field of a GB could not be characterized, as it is known to be, solely as a function of the active gravitational mass and distance of the GB. The only mechanism that can be invoked to nullify the certain and irrefutable effect of the augmentation of graviton flux by the velocity of an object toward a GB is one that denies altogether the direct effect of graviton flux on the acceleration of an object in a gravitational field. In simpler terms: massive objects are not directly subject to gravity! The Temporal InertiaI (TI) field model of gravity and inertia is a conjecture of this author. The TI field acts as an intermediary in the transmission of the gravitational force between objects. Particles of the TI field are directly subject to gravity but objects are not. An object is accelerated toward a GB at the same rate as the TI field. The TI field supports the propagation of gravitons. No matter how the TI field moves, the velocity of gravitons is constant relative to the TI field, hence there is no increase in graviton flux as the TI field moves toward a GB except for the increase in graviton flux caused by the proximity to the GB.
Category: Classical Physics

[1362] viXra:1809.0202 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-10 19:10:58

Final-State-Diagram of Quadratic Iterator Topologically Equivalent with an Eddy's Decay-Cascade in Turbulent Fluids

Authors: Udo E. Steinemann
Comments: 7 Pages.

This article refers to the paper http://vixra.org/abs/1801.0037, "Turbulence as structured Route of Energy from Order into Chaos", published by Udo E. Steinemann (vixra.org, Category: Physics, Classical Physics, 121801[2]). Within Conclusion of the referenced text a statement was made: "This way a picture about an eddy's decay can be drawn as a well structured route of energy from order into chaos, similar to those of many other dynamical systems too". The current text will give additional explanations to this statement. The current text will sketch the way entrance to chaos is shown for the quadratic iterator and how the major outcomes from this perception can be used in addition to the above mentioned article.
Category: Classical Physics

[1361] viXra:1809.0200 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-10 22:47:19

Maxwell-type Theory for Non-uniformly Moving Electric Charge

Authors: Hui Peng
Comments: 16 Pages. A mathematic approach for electrodynamics of non-uniform moving charge

In this article, we propose a mathematic approach to study the effects of accelerating charges. We postulate and demonstrate mathematically that the acceleration of electric charges generate new N and M fields. The N and M field equations are supplement to Maxwell equations, and have the similar forms as that of Maxwell equations. The effect of the N and M fields is to vary the Lorentz force with time, and have the similar forms as that of Lorentz force. The N and M fields propagate as waves. The N and M fields due to accelerating charges exist mathematically. We suggest that those new fields are worth to be systematically studied experimentally. The study of those new fields might open a new window.
Category: Classical Physics

[1360] viXra:1809.0194 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-11 00:55:28

Correction of Physics. Work and Energy

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 17 Pages. -

Vector sense of work
Category: Classical Physics

[1359] viXra:1809.0185 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-09 18:15:22

Maxwell Equations Re-derived Mathematically

Authors: Hui Peng
Comments: 5 Pages. The world is built mathematically

In this article, by applying Gauss/Coulomb’s law, we re-derive mathematically the whole set of Maxwell equations, which means that, as long as a charge satisfies Gauss/Coulomb’s law, the uniform motion of the charge generates inevitably a magnetic field and an axial electric field. This fact is predetermined mathematically.
Category: Classical Physics

[1358] viXra:1809.0172 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-08 08:19:32

Dynamic Gravity Experiment with Physical Pendulum

Authors: Dezso Sarkadi
Comments: 6 Pages.

In recent decades, several methods significantly different from the classic method of the Cavendish torsion balance have been developed and used for measuring the gravitational constant G. Unfortunately, the new de-terminations of G have not reduced significantly its uncertainty. It seems that in recent times, the accuracy prob-lem for the gravitational constant has not been the focus. This paper presents a new type gravity experiment used a big and heavy physical pendulum, not for a newest gravitational constant measure, but for the study of special gravitational effects encountered accidentally. Surprisingly strong gravitational effects have been observed between moving masses. We have named the whole new group of gravitational phenomena by "dynamic gravity". Despite the simplicity of our gravity experiment, the observed extraordinary results could lead to an unexpected revolution in gravity science.
Category: Classical Physics

[1357] viXra:1809.0168 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-08 23:49:57

Anti-Gravitation. Loss of Weight the Moving Subject

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 4 Pages. -

Gravitation Elimination without excessive expenses of energy
Category: Classical Physics

[1356] viXra:1809.0154 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-07 18:24:10

What is Mass?

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 1 Page.

a brief definition of mass
Category: Classical Physics

[1355] viXra:1809.0142 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-08 03:41:10

Weightlessness Principle

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 4 Pages. -

The physical principle of weightlessness (anti-gravity) on the basis of classical mechanics theory.
Category: Classical Physics

[1354] viXra:1809.0138 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-06 05:35:51

Pierwsza Prędkość Kosmiczna a Siła Coriolisa ### The First Cosmic Velocity and The Coriolis Force

Authors: Zbigniew Osiak
Comments: 4 Pages. In Polish

Pokazano, że wartość pierwszej prędkości kosmicznej satelity krążącego po orbicie kołowej w płaszczyźnie równikowej wirującej Ziemi jest mniejsza w kierunku wschodnim niż w kierunku zachodnim. Efekt ten spowodowany jest przez siły bezwładności – odśrodkową i Coriolisa. ### It was shown that the value of the first cosmic velocity of a satellite moving in a circular orbit in the equatorial plane of the rotating Earth is smaller in the easterly direction than in the westerly direction. This effect is caused by inertial forces – centrifugal and Coriolis.
Category: Classical Physics

[1353] viXra:1809.0137 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-06 05:39:57

The First Cosmic Velocity and The Coriolis Force

Authors: Zbigniew Osiak
Comments: 4 Pages.

It was shown that the value of the first cosmic velocity of a satellite moving in a circular orbit in the equatorial plane of the rotating Earth is smaller in the easterly direction than in the westerly direction. This effect is caused by inertial forces – centrifugal and Coriolis.
Category: Classical Physics

[1352] viXra:1809.0087 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-04 14:14:10

Względność Ruchu

Authors: Dariusz Dudało
Comments: 1 Page.

Względność ruchu
Category: Classical Physics

[1351] viXra:1809.0082 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-04 23:51:37

On the Fundamental Constants

Authors: Steve P Smith
Comments: 4 Pages.

It is assumed by modern physics that there exists no theory which can predict the values of the fundamental physical constants. This assumption however is incorrect as there is undoubtedly an underlying connection between the constants being that of angular momentum. In particular the angular momentum of the electron in the hydrogen atom which appears to obey the laws of Kepler. It may be considered that the model of hydrogen as suggested by Bohr, is not an accurate representation however it would appear that the origin of many of the constants appear to rely upon the orbital model. This paper will illustrate this connection and correctly predicts all of the values of the physical constants with accuracy, equal to or greater than that of the currently accepted and published values . As a consequence of this the orbital model of Bohr should be considered in a new light.
Category: Classical Physics

[1350] viXra:1809.0078 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-05 02:52:21

The Test for Check of Physical Understanding

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 2 Pages. -

Article of the prof. F.M.Kanarev "Small dedebilny gift to school students and students" of http://sciteclibrary.ru/rus/catalog/pages/12882.html is considered in quality of dough for check of physical understanding.
Category: Classical Physics

[1349] viXra:1809.0068 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-05 08:09:42

Fine Structure Constant at Cosmological Scale

Authors: Alberto Coe
Comments: 2 Pages.

Will describe the ratio between two energies .The energy of photons associated to the cosmic microwave background and the gravitational potential energy of a system of particles (protons and electrons). The value of this ratio is equivalent to the current value of the fine structure constant .
Category: Classical Physics

[1348] viXra:1809.0066 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-05 10:34:06

Quantum Mechanics and the ``emission & Regeneration'' Unified Field Theory.

Authors: Osvaldo Domann
Comments: 58 Pages. Copyright. All rights reserved. The content of the present work, its ideas, axioms, postulates, definitions, derivations, results, findings, etc., can be reproduced only by making clear reference to the author.

The origin of the limitations of our standard theoretical model is the assumption that the energy of a particle is concentrated at a small volume in space. The limitations are bridged by introducing artificial objects and constructions like particles wave, gluons, strong force, weak force, gravitons, dark matter, dark energy, etc. The proposed approach models subatomic particles such as electrons and positrons as focal points in space where continuously fundamental particles are emitted and absorbed, fundamental particles where the energy of the electron or positron is stored as rotations defining longitudinal and transversal angular momenta (fields). Interaction laws between angular momenta of fundamental particles are postulated in that way, that the basic laws of physics (Coulomb, Ampere, Lorentz, Maxwell, Gravitation, etc.) can be derived from the postulates. This methodology makes sure, that the approach is in accordance with the basic laws of physics, in other words, with well proven experimental data. Due to the dynamical description of the particles the proposed approach has not the limitations of the standard model and is not forced to introduce artificial concepts or constructions. All forces are the product of interactions between angular momenta of fundamental particles (electromagnetic interactions) described by QED. Interactions like QCD and Gauge/Gravity Duality are simply the product of the insufficiencies of the SM and not required.
Category: Classical Physics

[1347] viXra:1809.0056 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-03 23:24:57

Axiom of Unity of Space-Matter-Time of the Prof. F.M. Kanaryov

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 3 Pages. -

Attempt of the comment
Category: Classical Physics

[1346] viXra:1809.0055 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-03 23:28:20

The Law of Universal Gravitation at Zero Distance

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 5 Pages. -

The law of Universal gravitation at zero distance between bodies is considered
Category: Classical Physics

[1345] viXra:1809.0054 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-03 23:54:40

Inertial Reference System

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 4 Pages. -

Physical definition of an inertial reference system for any pair of interacting bodies is given. The place zero of them is established. This position the only thing calculated on the found formulas
Category: Classical Physics

[1344] viXra:1809.0053 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-03 23:58:34

Work and Energy – Scalars or Vectors?

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 4 Pages. -

The physical sense of the concept "vector" and its applicability or inapplicability to physical concepts is considered.
Category: Classical Physics

[1343] viXra:1809.0039 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-03 00:25:16

The Baer's Law and Einstein's Task on Behavior of Tea Leaves

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 10 Pages. -

The reasons of a curvature of river courses are considered. The solution of a task of Einstein on behavior of Tealeaf leaves is proposed.
Category: Classical Physics

[1342] viXra:1809.0036 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-03 00:59:19

The Complete Solution for Existence and Smoothness of Navier-Stokes Equation

Authors: Mihir Kumar Jha
Comments: 7 Pages.

The motive of this paper is to put forward a general solution to Navier-stokes equation which describes the motion of viscous fluid substances, derived by applying Newton’s second law to fluid motion. These equations are the set of coupled differential equations, which are too difficult to solve analytically.
Category: Classical Physics

[1341] viXra:1809.0023 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-02 02:14:10

Medieval Measurement of Time

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 6 Pages. -

Achievable accuracy of medieval temporary measurements is considered.
Category: Classical Physics

[1340] viXra:1809.0001 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-01 05:02:57

Description of Rotation

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 6 Pages. -

The logical contradiction of descriptions of rotary and oscillatory movements is revealed. Their consistent description is offered.
Category: Classical Physics

[1339] viXra:1808.0669 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-30 11:42:35

Evolution of the Accumulation of Gravitating Bodies with Allowance for Absolutely Inelastic Collisions

Authors: Dmitry G. Kiryan, Georges V. Kiryan
Comments: 14 Pages.

In the framework of classical mechanics, the problem of numerical modeling of the evolution of a cluster of a finite number of gravitating bodies with allowance for gravitational accretion is considered. Numerical simulation showed that the characteristic shape of the curve of the "rotation curve" of stars of certain galaxies is determined only by the current configuration of the orbits of bodies and their masses. This means that there is no need to introduce some "dark matter" into consideration, and there is also no need to modify Newton's classical law on the gravitational interaction of two material bodies. When modeling the dynamics of a finite number of gravitating bodies, the possibility of a collision of bodies was taken into account, and the impact is assumed to be absolutely inelastic. Exterior, with respect to the cluster of bodies under consideration, the force actions of any nature were excluded. Of all the internal force factors acting in the cluster, only gravitational interaction is considered. The problems of determining the natural initial conditions for solving the Cauchy problem for a given time interval are touched upon.
Category: Classical Physics

[1338] viXra:1808.0668 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-30 15:45:42

Validity in Physics: Parsimony and Synchronicity

Authors: Paris Samuel Miles-Brenden
Comments: 10 Pages. matter, mass, motion, factoring of wave equation, gap, mass gap

As it turns out there is a reason for matter, mass, and the constituative functional determination of motion; to be found in 'measure.' This paper determines from abstract notions what is commonplace reasoning; that if something is capable of motion; it is indeed constructed of an aggregate of matter; the example of displacement and certainty; for which answers the mystery of motion and matter's appearance utilizing a super-symmetric argument; and to which finds it's way into foundational physics.
Category: Classical Physics

[1337] viXra:1808.0661 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-30 22:59:38

Electrodynamics for Non-uniformly Moving Electric Charge

Authors: Hui Peng
Comments: 9 Pages. thanks very much for consideration of my paper

In this article, we postulate and demonstrate mathematically that the acceleration of an electric charge generates new N and M fields. The equations of the N and M fields obtained are derived from pure mathematic formulas and Maxwell equations. Therefore, the new fields should exist and need to be tested experimentally. The new field equations have the similar forms as that of Maxwell equations, and are supplement to Maxwell equations. The effects of new fields are to vary the Lorentz force with time. The new fields propagate as waves. We suggest that those new fields are worth to be systematically studied experimentally. The study of those new fields might open a new window.
Category: Classical Physics

[1336] viXra:1808.0655 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-31 03:42:47

Historical Problems of Physics. the Dimension of the Space

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 4 Pages. -

The concept "the dimension of the space" determined by number of its measurements is considered.
Category: Classical Physics

[1335] viXra:1808.0632 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-30 02:17:43

Large Imaging with Beam Splitter Sensor Matrices

Authors: Jijo Punnoose
Comments: 18 Pages.

Extending the use of beam-splitter in stereo camera imaging, the author - a 3D filmmaker, is proposing how segments of multiple images could be captured by optical sensor matrices and combined to create very high resolution images.
Category: Classical Physics

[1334] viXra:1808.0620 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-28 16:37:15

On the Properties of Homo-Rays and Mirrors

Authors: Beimat
Comments: 11 Pages. A modest contribution.

In this paper, the properties of homo-rays (also known as "raios gay") are studied. Experimental data is analyzed and a subsequent classical homo-ray wave theory is formulated. Interactions of homo-rays and mirrors are also studied, and their use allows for experiments which yielded data to support a relativistic extension of homo-ray theory. Experimental results yield that the standard speed of homo-rays is exactly 3m/s, and the surprising result that (ground state) homo-rays propagate in imaginary momentum space is obtained. Finally, it is briefly discussed the extension of the theory to a quantum version.
Category: Classical Physics

[1333] viXra:1808.0616 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-28 23:32:45

Historical Problems of Physics. Force, Weight, Inertial Reference System.

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 16 Pages. -

The physical sense (definition is given) initial physical concepts - forces, masses, an inertial reference system is revealed.
Category: Classical Physics

[1332] viXra:1808.0598 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-28 02:11:22

Definition of Time

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 6 Pages. -

The physical sense of time is revealed and its properties are defined.
Category: Classical Physics

[1331] viXra:1808.0517 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-22 13:42:07

An Alternate View of the Elliptic Property of a Family of Projectile Paths

Authors: Radhakrishnamurty Padyala
Comments: 5 Pages.

Fernandez-Chapou and coworkers analyzed projectile trajectories and showed an elliptic property hidden in them. They pointed out and demonstrated a little known property of these projectiles, namely, the vertices of these projectiles lie on an ellipse. We present in this article an alternate view point of observing this ellipse. We emphasize, that we don’t use vectors or calculus or Newton’s laws in our analysis. We follow the traditions of Galileo – we use geometry principles. We consider here the semi parabolic paths of the projectiles.
Category: Classical Physics

[1330] viXra:1808.0285 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-20 00:07:25

A Revised Formulation of Maxwell's Equations

Authors: Krishna Srinivasan
Comments: 9 Pages.

In 1864, James Clerk Maxwell formulated a set of electromagnetic equations to describe the interactions between electric and magnetic fields, now known as Maxwell's equations in his honor. In this paper, using a simple thought experiment, it will be proven that Faraday's law must be revised to correctly describe the relation of the electric field generated from a time-varying magnetic field in a medium, whose relative permittivity is not unity. Ampere's law will also be modified to reflect the change in Faraday's law. Additional changes will be made to adhere the equations to the law of conservation of energy. The new set of electromagnetic equations not only does not conflict with the existing formulation, but also includes a previously unaccounted relation of a non-Ohmic current, and its generation of the magnetic field.
Category: Classical Physics

[1329] viXra:1808.0263 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-18 23:01:23

Violation of Universality of Free Fall by Fast-moving Test Bodies

Authors: Hui Peng
Comments: 14 Pages. Thanks very much for consideration of my paper

The Universality of Free Fall (UFF) and the Weak Equivalent Principle (WEP) are crucial for Einstein’s theory of gravity. In this article, we show that fast-moving test bodies violate UFF. A well-known problem of WEP is its lack of clarity about the inertial masses, e.g., the gravitational mass is equal to the rest mass for test bodies whereas it is equal to the relativistic mass, T^μν, for the source of gravitational fields (S-GF). To resolve this problem we expand WEP into three Sub-WEPs: WEP-I, WEP-II, and WEP-III. This allows us to define a new precise WEP where WEP-I is for slow-moving test bodies/S-GFs and WEP-II or WEP-III is for fast-moving test bodies/S-GFs. Not only is WEP-I valid and equivalent to UFF for slow-moving test bodies, it is also valid for slow-moving S-GFs. Either WEP-II or WEP-III is applicable to fast-moving test bodies/S-GFs. A synchrotron-type experiment is designed to directly verify both the predicted violation of UFF and the un-demonstrated WEP-II or WEP-III. Experimental confirmation of WEP-II would lead to an internal U (1) symmetry of gravity.
Category: Classical Physics

[1328] viXra:1808.0244 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-17 19:40:10

Doppler Effect for Non-uniformly Moving Source, Observer, and Mirror

Authors: Hui Peng
Comments: 24 Pages. Thanks very much for your consideration.

Doppler effect has been applied to study the accelerating universe and to daily life. We believe that to describe non-uniform moving system, physics laws should include terms of acceleration/deceleration for accuracy and completeness. In this article, we study systematically the effects of non-uniform motion of either source, or observer, or mirror on Doppler effect, called it the Extended Doppler effect. We show that, indeed, the non-uniform motion not only shifts wavelength/frequency but also changes wavelength/frequency and Extended Doppler shift continuously. There is no transformation between non-uniform moving reference frames. We derived Extended Doppler effect for non-uniform moving source, observer, and mirror based on (1) the speed of light wave is the same for all non-uniform moving frames; (2) geometric optical principles hold. We show that, for slow non-uniform motion, the shifts of wavelength/frequency depend on the relative velocity and relative acceleration/deceleration.
Category: Classical Physics

[1327] viXra:1808.0211 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-15 09:48:58

Coulomb Electric Gravity And A Simple Unified Theory (SUT)

Authors: Chan Rasjid Kah Chew
Comments: 9 Pages.

SUT is an aether theory. The fundamental substance of the universe is the electric charge, positive and negative. The aether is the substance of space, a superposition of two uniform charge density +ρ a and −ρ a . There is only a single universal force, the Coulomb electrical forces of attraction and repulsion. Gravitation is the result of a small excess of Coulomb attraction over repulsion. There is no neutron within the nucleus of atoms; nuclear electrons are introduced instead. Mass conservation is valid. SUT develops an electric mechanics with no need of a mass as an independent physical dimension. An electric mass defined as volume/charge of charged particles completely replaces the gravitational mass concept.
Category: Classical Physics

[1326] viXra:1808.0106 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-08 19:17:13

Unusual Rocket and Propulsion

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 10 Pages. I re-convert in PDF. It is OK now and I am sending again

Conventional modern rocket has existed for more than a half century. However, there has been little or no significant progress in their basic data. They are very exceedingly complex and generally very expensive to build. Designers ordinarily try to improve them by simplifying in order to reduce the cost payload launches. They try to use the first stagy of rocket sometimes, because the rocket engine and body are expensive. But no significant success. The author offers a new type of rocket which does not have the usual rocket body and engine (only open solid rocket fuel). This new rocket is cheap to fabricate, may be switched on and switched off many times and has specific impulse more than conventional solid fuel engine (i.e., close to liquid fuel). One can be used for launch as well as vector correcting rocket. This method is particularly suitable for micro-spacecraft (up to 1 kg). It allows to reduce the launch weight of the rocket to 50 ÷ 1000 kg.
Category: Classical Physics

[1325] viXra:1808.0103 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-09 02:35:18

Fundamentals of Dialectical-Materialistic Physics \\\\\ Основы диалектико-материалистической физики

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 78 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov <©> Fundamentals of Dialectical-Materialistic Physics AUG 9, 2018

In this article I present an axiomatic construction of the foundations of physics. This construction is based on the fundamental concept of matter. Nature is basically material. This means that all the bodies and objects of nature are of matter in the final analysis. Matter is the basis, essence and the only substance of nature. Matter is the content of elementary particles in nature. But in this case matter is the basic property of elementary particles. Hence, this property can be represented in physics in the form of a physical quantity matter. It is this situation that prompts us how to introduce matter into the bosom of physics as the main physical quantity. The author is a dialectical materialist. It was Marxist-Leninist philosophy (MLF) and its main section of dialectical materialism that were the starting point and the foundation for the creation of the foundations of the dialectical-materialistic physics. These foundations are presented in this article. ++++++++++++++++++++++++ В настоящей статье представлено аксиоматическое построение основ физики. Это построение основывается на фундаментальном понятии материя. Природа в своей основе материальна. Это значит, что все тела, вещи, предметы и объекты природы состоят, в конечном счёте, из материи. Материя есть основа, сущность и единственная субстанция природы. Материя есть содержимое элементарных частиц в природе. Но в таком случае материя есть основное свойство элементарных частиц. Значит, это свойство можно представить в физике в виде физической величины «материя». Именно эта ситуация и подсказывает нам, как следует ввести материю в лоно физики в качестве основной физической величины. Автор является диалектическим материалистом. Именно марксистско-ленинская философия (МЛФ) и её основной раздел – диалектический материализм явились отравным пунктом, стартовой позицией и фундаментом в деле создания основ диалектико-материалистической физики. Эти основы представлены в настоящей статье.
Category: Classical Physics

[1324] viXra:1808.0085 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-08 01:20:01

Hidden Truth of Free Fall Experiment

Authors: Cres Huang
Comments: 8 Pages.

Free fall experiment has been performed countless times for centuries. However, many facts were overlooked. A simple experiment since Galileo tells more than just gravity. Everyone can do it experiment will not catch much serious attention. Dishing up the same old stuff of few hounded years might seemed child's play to some. However, many fundamentals of the universe are revealed if looked closer. Significant facts can be overlooked, ignored, or misinterpreted when we rush forward. %Ambiguous and paradoxical interpretations of fundamentals could be roadblock left. Nevertheless, free fall experiments reveal: 1. Gravity is a force. 2. Free fall is an action powered by gravity. 3. Gravity contradicts attraction force. It acts exactly like contact force. 4. The infinite independence of space.
Category: Classical Physics

[1323] viXra:1808.0009 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-02 00:02:43

Sabotage of Academicians \\\\\\ Саботаж академиков

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 42 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov <©> Sabotage of Academicians Aug 2, 2018

Речь в настоящей статье идёт о «Теории Природы» автора, которой исполнилось уже 6 лет. «Теория Природы» – это комплексное решение проблемы нашей Вселенной. Это решение найдено на платформе диалектического материализма. Установлено конкретное проявление материи в природе. Это Сингулярность – излучающий материю центр Вселенной. И это – элементарные частицы. Содержимое элементарных частиц есть материя, «чистая» материя природы. Материя, как свойство элементарных частиц, вводится в лоно физики в качестве основной физической величины. Основание физики перестраивается на материалистический лад, уклад. Но так и должно быть, ведь материя – это основа, сущность, единственная субстанция природы. «Теория Природы» = это новая материалистическая физика и космология. Вот против этой физики и выступает объединённый фронт сил реакции и мракобесия. И в одном ряду с этими силами партия физиков во главе с академиками и профессорами. То, как эта партия противостоит новому, прогрессивному, противостоит и противодействует «Теории Природы» есть проявление настоящего саботажа, саботажа академиков против всего общества. Об этом противостоянии партии академиков и профессоров современной физики против «Теории Природы» и её достижений и открытий, о противостоянии в форме саботажа и будет идти речь в настоящей статье. +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ This article is about the "Theory of Nature" by the author, who turned 6 years old. "Theory of Nature" is a complex solution to the problem of our Universe. This solution is found on the platform of dialectical materialism. A concrete manifestation of matter in nature has been established. This Singularity is the center of our Universe that radiates matter. And these are elementary particles. The content of elementary particles is matter, the "pure" matter of nature. Matter, as a property of elementary particles, is introduced into the bosom of physics as the main physical quantity. The foundation of physics is reconstructed into a materialistic mode, a way of life. But it should be so, because matter is the basis, essence, the only substance of nature. "Theory of Nature" = this is a new materialistic physics and cosmology. Here, against this materialistic physics, is the united front of reaction forces and obscurantism. And alongside these forces is a party of physicists, headed by academicians and professors. The way this party opposes the new, progressive, confronts and counteracts the "Theory of Nature" is a manifestation of real sabotage, sabotage of academics against the whole society. This opposition of the party of academics and professors of modern physics against the "Theory of Nature" and its achievements and discoveries, about confrontation in the form of sabotage will be discussed in this article.
Category: Classical Physics

[1322] viXra:1807.0523 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-31 13:33:42

The Theory of Gearbox

Authors: Yahya Awad Sharif Mohammed
Comments: 1 Page. Author's Email: yahya-sharif@hotmail.com

The article aims to present a brief introduction to my theory of gearbox
Category: Classical Physics

[1321] viXra:1807.0522 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-31 15:51:49

Interstellar Flight of Outer Solar System

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 36 Pages.

Author researches, discusses and estimates the need parameters of launch systems the mini automatic probe for flight to the nearest star systems “Alpha-Centauri” and others. He shows that problem is very difficult for current and future technology. Launch requests gigantic energy, expensive equipment and large trip time. The conventional nuclear and thermonuclear on-board reactors cannot also solve this problem (Part 1). Author offers and researches three new possible perspective propulsion systems: multi-reflex light system used new sell-multi-reflex mirror and lasers (Part 2); cold plasma beam from Earth (Part 3) and on-board Micro Black Hole (MBH) nuclear photon rocket (Part 4). In all methods, he offered innovations, which make possible to implement all with current technology. Two first methods request the high altitude (40 ÷ 80 km) mast. He estimates: the requested launch system (laser multi-reflect propulsion, cold plasma beam propulsion, MBH nuclear propulsion, etc.);grown and board equipment, energy installation (generator and accelerator); interstellar flight; environmental, medium drag; interstellar micro particles; communication with Earth. Author showed – the most realistic interstellar launch system is laser beam used the cell reflective mirror or ultra-cold plasma beam.
Category: Classical Physics

[1320] viXra:1807.0521 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-31 16:01:18

Rocket with Unusual Rocket Body and Engine

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 6 Pages.

Conventional modern rocket has existed for more than a half century. However, there has been little or no significant progress in their basic data. They are very exceedingly complex and generally very expensive to build. Designers ordinarily try to improve them by simplifying in order to reduce the cost payload launches. They try to use the first stagy of rocket sometimes, because the rocket engine and body are expensive. But no significant success. The author offers a new type of rocket which does not have the usual rocket body and engine (only open solid rocket fuel). This new rocket is cheap to fabricate, may be switched on and switched off many times and has specific impulse more than conventional solid fuel engine (i.e., close to liquid fuel). One can be used for launch as well as vector correcting rocket. This method is particularly suitable for micro-spacecraft (up to 1 kg). It allows to reduce the launch weight of the rocket to 50 ÷ 1000 kg. Key words: non-body rocket, non-engine rocket, explosive rocket propulsion, AB rocket.
Category: Classical Physics

[1319] viXra:1807.0520 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-31 16:08:25

Suggestions for Improving Patenting

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 2 Pages.

Brief Summary. Suggestions: 1.The application for the invention is drawn up under all Rules of the PTO (history of the invention, detailed description with figures, claims, patent research, etc.). Inventor can add to it the terms of transfer, cost leasing or purchase. The application is posted on an open, widely known website (Google Patent, Archive.org, http://intellectualarchive.com, PTO or special web side) with free access, which puts the placement date. Give ordinary courts the right to accept statements of claim from the author (or his close relatives in the event of his death), if promulgated non-patented inventions for violation of intellectual property (somebody is using given invention for profit). 2.During the period of validity of the patent (usually 20 years), the author can submit an application to the PTO for examination and issuance of a patent. Only then he pays a fair PTO fee for the examination of the application and the issuance of a patent. 3.The total maximum fee cannot exceed $ 100 for individual inventor. Payments for "maintaining" the patent (Maintence Fees) should be canceled. 4.The inventor over 65 years of age having only SSI can patent for free. 5.The State Committee for Inventions (or the department in the PTO) is needed, where authors of inventions that are important for the defense, security or technical progress of the country can apply. If the experts recognize the invention as such, then the invention becomes state property or secret, the PTO patent this invention for free. In the future, the author will get 1% of the cost of products using this invention, and the Committee (or PTO) 0.5% for the content of the Committee (PTO). 6.All PTO profits should be used to support individual inventors with low income and for inventor over 65 years of age.
Category: Classical Physics

[1318] viXra:1807.0479 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-28 15:30:27

Will Newton's Second Law Apply to This Situation ? Edited

Authors: Yahya Awad Sharif Mohammed
Comments: 3 Pages. Author's Email: yahya-sharif@hotmail.com

The article aims to show that Newton’s second law as well as Newton’s third law do not apply to a specific situation on physics. Edited by adding the equation.
Category: Classical Physics

[1317] viXra:1807.0471 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-27 16:00:37

Common Sense Defies “Physics”

Authors: Sjaak Uitterdijk
Comments: 2 Pages.

All my theoretical research on physics, created by and since Einstein, have led me to the belief that the higher the level of intelligence of the physicist, the more that can be a threat to the health of physical sciences!
Category: Classical Physics

[1316] viXra:1807.0433 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-25 11:45:34

What is Charge, from What Does it Arise And, if Discrete, Why?

Authors: Lubomir Vlcek
Comments: 4 Pages. The article is ready to be published

A spherical electron cocoon or an electron cloud is occasion why electron have negative charge. Proton is compact mass not making cocoon, cloud. Proton has a positive charge.
Category: Classical Physics

[1315] viXra:1807.0387 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-23 08:55:51

Левитация в эфире

Authors: Gennadiy Braznik
Comments: 128 Pages.

Современная научная парадигма рассматривает окружающее нас бытие в двух формах материи – вещества и поля. Вещество в различных термодинамических состояниях состоит из частиц, а поле, заполняющее остальное пространство, является физическим объектом, сущность которого определяется набором динамических уравнений математической физики релятивизма. Отрицание материальности или вещественности эфирной среды пространства Вселенной ведет ортодоксальную парадигму к мистицизму и не позволяет ей определить основные физические законы явления левитации, несмотря на то, что этим известным классическим законам уже более пяти тысяч лет…
Category: Classical Physics

[1314] viXra:1807.0377 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-22 11:04:52

Will Newton's Second Law Apply to This Situation ?

Authors: Yahya Awad Sharif Mohammed
Comments: 3 Pages. Author's Email: yahya-sharif@hotmail.com

The article aims to show that Newton’s second law as well as Newton’s third law do not apply to a specific situation on physics.
Category: Classical Physics

[1313] viXra:1807.0312 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-19 04:25:14

About Time and "Cockroaches" \\\\\\ О времени и «тараканах»

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 15 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov <©> About Time and "Cockroaches" July 19, 2018

The present article poses and solves the question: "How at the level of elementary particles, on the Planck scale of being discrete and continuous in relation to real natural time and real movement are correlated between themselves?" ------------------- В настоящей статье ставится и решается вопрос: «Как на уровне элементарных частиц, на планковском масштабе бытия дискретное и непрерывное в отношении к реальному природному времени и реальному движению соотносятся между собой?»
Category: Classical Physics

[1312] viXra:1807.0247 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-13 17:22:36

Letter to the Committee “The Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics”

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 13 Pages. Robert Yusupov <©> Letter to Yuri Milner June 4, 2018

Found on Wikipedia site https://breakthroughprize.org. There was an explanation posted: “The Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics was founded in 2012 by Yuri Milner to recognize those individuals who have made profound contributions to human knowledge. It is open to all physicists — theoretical, mathematical, experimental — working on the deepest mysteries of the Universe”. My "Theory of Nature" revealed many secrets of the Universe, the foundations of nature. Within the framework of the "Theory of Nature" several dozen fundamental problems of physics and cosmology have been solved. "Theory of Nature" is presented in several of my articles (http://vixra.org/author/robert_yusupov). I wrote a letter to this committee (office@breakthroughprize.org) addressed to Mr. Milner with the request to consider one such article of mine.
Category: Classical Physics

[1311] viXra:1807.0217 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-11 19:55:55

Two Different Types of Magnetic Field

Authors: John Hodge
Comments: 5 Pages.

Such luminaries as Richard P. Feynman and Albert Einstein have noted an asymmetry in application of Maxwell's Equations. The Scalar Theory of Everything (STOE) posits the components of the universe are hods and plenum. An experiment to test Ampere's law and the STOE was performed. The data shows the STOE model is very close to the actual measurements and rejects the classical Biot-Savart Law. The results of the experiments suggest a distinction between magnetic fields caused by hods and magnetic fields caused by plenum resolves the asymmetry.
Category: Classical Physics

[1310] viXra:1807.0207 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-10 22:39:52

Sunset of Physics \\\\\\ Закат физики

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 19 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov <©> Sunset of Physics July 11, 2018

In present article, in the light of the greatest, ingenious, truly revolutionary achievements and discoveries in physics and cosmology made by the author of the Theory of Nature the question of future existence and the future fate of physics as a science is put in its entirety. ++++++++++++++++++ В настоящей статье в свете величайших, гениальных, поистине революционных достижений и открытий в физике и космологии, сделанных автором «Теории Природы», ставится во всей свой полноте вопрос о дальнейшем существовании и о дальнейшей судьбе физики, как науки.
Category: Classical Physics

[1309] viXra:1807.0188 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-09 15:27:13

EUV Transmission Lens Design and Manufacturing Method

Authors: Kenneth C. Johnson
Comments: 8 Pages.

This paper outlines a design for an EUV transmission lens comprising blazed, phase-Fresnel structures approximated by a stepped profile. The structures can be formed on both sides of a thin silicon substrate, providing many more phase levels than would be possible with one-sided lenses. An e-beam fabrication technique with nanometer-scale patterning accuracy is outlined.
Category: Classical Physics

[1308] viXra:1807.0185 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-10 03:11:12

Electromagnetism and the Differential Density Field

Authors: Neal Tensor
Comments: 23 Pages.

In this document I explore a new fundamental theory of nature. In this document I describe nature in terms of the density field. The density field, in it's simplest form is a field for which every point has a density.But in my document I describe it as a differentiable field, which means that a density field with point mass is not a possibility. The quest now for me is to derive a set of equations for explaining how motion works in this field, doing so derives many of the laws of physics amongst other interesting results, such as density waves and the aether. My quest continues in a brief explanation of how electromagnetic fields interact with the density field.
Category: Classical Physics

[1307] viXra:1807.0142 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-06 07:34:51

Pulsing Mass (Once Again About the Matter and Mass) \\\\\ Пульсирующая масса (Ещё раз о материи и массе)

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 22 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov <©> Pulsing mass 6 July, 2018

В современной физике считается, что масса элементарной частицы (ЭЧ) является неизменной постоянной величиной. Это связано с представлением об элементарной частице (ЭЧ), как статичной материальной тверди. В рамках научного исследования автора настоящей статьи удалось установить факт того, что материя является основой элементарной частицы (ЭЧ). А сама элементарная частица (ЭЧ) является пульсирующей в ритме природы материальной плотью. Пульсирующий характер элементарной частицы (ЭЧ) имеет своим следствием тот факт, что масса элементарной частицы (ЭЧ) также является изменяющейся пульсирующей в ритме природы физической величиной. ----------------------- In modern physics it is considered that the mass of an elementary particle (EP) is a constant. This is connected with the idea of an elementary particle (EP), as a static material solid. In the framework of a scientific study of the author of this article, it was possible to establish the fact that matter is the basis of an elementary particle (EP). And the elementary particle (EP) itself is pulsating in the rhythm of nature with material flesh. The pulsating character of an elementary particle (EP) has as its consequence the fact that the mass of an elementary particle (EP) is also a variable physical quantity pulsating in the rhythm of nature.
Category: Classical Physics

[1306] viXra:1807.0105 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-04 15:48:20

A New Approach to Human Powered Flight and Beyond

Authors: Steven Suan Zhu
Comments: 42 Pages. Draft finalized in December 30th 2013 but never published, DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.30180.07043

A New Approach to Human Powered Flight and Beyond
Category: Classical Physics

[1305] viXra:1807.0103 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-04 20:04:34

Fine Structure Constant as the Polarization of the Quantum Field by a Unit Charge

Authors: Ray Fleming
Comments: 4 Pages.

Since it was first discovered, physicists have attempted to find the fundamental physical cause of the fine structure constant. The fine structure constant appears in many different physics relationships and can be expressed in terms of a number of combinations of different physical constants. This leads to some debate over what is the most fundamental representation of the constant. In this paper it is first shown that the unit charge can be viewed as the polarizability of space over a surface area surrounding a unit charge. The polarizability of space is in turn determined by the van der Waals torque of the quantum field. That torque regulates the rate of rotation of the quantum dipoles of standard model quantum field theory as each quantum dipole is polarized. Then, based on the well-known relationship between the charge squared and the fine structure constant, it can be readily shown that the fine structure constant is the total volumetric polarization of the quantum field due to a single unit charge. This shows that the fine structure constant can be fundamentally derived as an effect due to fundamental electrodynamics of the quantum field.
Category: Classical Physics

[1304] viXra:1807.0095 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-03 07:52:05

The Daon Theory: the Electron

Authors: J.E.S. Gustafsson
Comments: 40 Pages.

The Daon theory is a new general theory of physics, it is a completely new way to approach physics and includes, in principle, all phenomena of nature. The theory is presented in a series of closely related papers treating Electromagnetism, Atomic physics, Particle physics, Gravitation and Cosmology. They should be red in this order for a complete understanding. The numerical value of the main natural constants and parameters are calculated, while the explanation for the various natural phenomena are simple and logical. All the results from this theory agree, as far as we know, with experimental data. The Daon theory makes it possible to give simple explanations to all electromagnetic phenomena. We analyse the electric field, magnetism and explains the electron's associated wave. We find at the same time the dielectric constant, the permeability constant, the Planck's constant and the fine structure constant. It follows an analysis of an electron under acceleration giving the explanations to the phenomenon of the Electro-Magnetic wave. We there after examine the modification of an electron's characteristics at high velocity.
Category: Classical Physics

[1303] viXra:1807.0064 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-04 05:45:39

The Principle of Discreteness of Time \\\\\ Принцип дискретности времени

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 12 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov <©> The Principle of Discreteness of Time July 4, 2018

In this article, the author gives his understanding of the device of the time of nature on the Planck scale of being. Nature brilliantly united in herself three of its main essences discrete matter, continuous movement and continuous time. The quantum of matter, the quantum of time, and the quantum of action are the three main components of nature at the micro level. The main problem that is solved within the framework of this article can be formulated as follows: "On the permissible intervals of time in nature". ++++++++++++++++++++++++ В настоящей статье автор приводит своё понимание устройства времени природы на планковском масштабе бытия. Природа блестяще соединила в себе три свои главные сущности дискретную материю, непрерывное движение и непрерывное время. Квант материи, квант времени, и квант действия вот три главные составляющие природы на микроуровне. Основная проблема, которая решается в рамках настоящей статьи может быть сформулирована так «О допустимых интервалах времени в природе».
Category: Classical Physics

[1302] viXra:1807.0041 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-01 08:14:58

The Universe and Large Numbers :Arithmetics of Physical Constants

Authors: Alberto Coe
Comments: 8 Pages.

It’s about the large numbers associated to the field of cosmology and the field of physical constants under an arithmetical point of view . In this paper we have performed an equation that gives an account of some of the previously mentioned concepts . The summarized equation reads : (30[(A-B)+ C])/C=1/α . Inside this equation there are implicitly : the number of photons in the observable universe , the current energy associated to the cosmic microwave backgroud , a parameter that defines a space’s expansion factor , gravitational potential energy of the matter , the number of atoms in the obsevable universe and the energy associated to the electrons of the observable universe . Finally , the arithmetic combination among such topics give a surprising result : the inverse of fine structure constant .
Category: Classical Physics

Replacements of recent Submissions

[532] viXra:1810.0514 [pdf] replaced on 2018-10-31 09:04:55

Energy Velocity and Reactive Fields

Authors: Hans G. Schantz
Comments: 15 Pages. Philos Trans A Roy Soc (London) Published 29 October 2018. DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2017.0453

Conventional definitions of “near fields” set bounds that describe where near fields may be found. These definitions tell us nothing about what near fields are, why they exist, or how they work. In 1893, Heaviside derived the electromagnetic energy velocity for plane waves. Subsequent work demonstrated that although energy moves in synchronicity with radiated electromagnetic fields at the speed of light, in reactive fields the energy velocity slows down, converging to zero in the case of static fields. Combining Heaviside's energy velocity relation with the field Lagrangian yields a simple parameterization for the reactivity of electromagnetic fields that provides profound insights to the behaviour of electromagnetic systems. Fields guide energy. As waves interfere, they guide energy along paths that may be substantially different from the trajectories of the waves themselves. The results of this paper not only resolve the long standing paradox of runaway acceleration from radiation reaction, but also make clear that pilot wave theory is the natural and logical consequence of the need for quantum mechanics to correspond to the macroscopic results of classical electromagnetic theory.
Category: Classical Physics

[531] viXra:1810.0468 [pdf] replaced on 2018-10-29 09:17:04

Inconsistencies in EM Theory - the Kelvin Polarization Force Density Contradiction

Authors: Zoltan Losonc
Comments: 38 Pages.

Calculations of resultant electrostatic force on a charged spherical or cylindrical capacitor with two sectors of different dielectrics, based on the classical formulas of electrostatic pressure, Kelvin polarization force density, and Maxwell stress tensor predict a reactionless force that violates Newton’s 3rd law. Measurements didn’t confirm the existence of such a reactionless thrust, thus there is an apparent inconsistency in the classical EM theory that leads to wrong results.
Category: Classical Physics

[530] viXra:1810.0372 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-16 02:35:00

Ether Theory of Everything

Authors: Aleksei Morozov
Comments: 157 Pages.

Ether Theory of Everything (aka Ether Theory) is Ether Theory of Relativity of Gravity and Magnetism, HyperAtomic Model, Ether Quantum Mechanics, Ether Cosmology, HyperAtomic Reactor, Ether Neural Network.
Category: Classical Physics

[529] viXra:1810.0372 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-07 06:35:59

Ether Theory of Everything

Authors: Aleksei Morozov
Comments: 109 Pages.

Ether Theory of Everything (aka Ether Theory) is Ether Theory of Relativity of Gravity and Magnetism, HyperAtomic Model, Ether Quantum Mechanics, Ether Cosmology, HyperAtomic Reactor, Ether Neural Network.
Category: Classical Physics

[528] viXra:1810.0371 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-16 02:32:20

Эфирная Теория Всего

Authors: Aleksei Morozov
Comments: 157 Pages. In Russian

Эфирная Теория Всего (или Эфирная Теория) - это Эфирная Теория Относительности Гравитации и Магнетизма, ГиперАтомная Модель, Эфирная Квантовая Механика, Эфирная Космология, ГиперАтомный Реактор, Эфирная Нейронная Сеть.
Category: Classical Physics

[527] viXra:1810.0371 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-07 06:38:06

Эфирная Теория Всего

Authors: Aleksei Morozov
Comments: Pages.

Эфирная Теория Всего (или Эфирная Теория) - это Эфирная Теория Относительности Гравитации и Магнетизма, ГиперАтомная Модель, Эфирная Квантовая Механика, Эфирная Космология, ГиперАтомный Реактор, Эфирная Нейронная Сеть.
Category: Classical Physics

[526] viXra:1810.0161 [pdf] replaced on 2018-10-11 04:25:00

Consideration of Parallel Universe

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 5 Pages.

I put memos and letters in the Tesla coil and I am hoping that it will fly in the past and change the present. It might be like a dream. However, since there is only this method, I am challenging it.
Category: Classical Physics

[525] viXra:1810.0123 [pdf] replaced on 2018-10-11 14:19:52

From Maxwell’s Equations to Electro-Magnetic Waves

Authors: Sjaak Uitterdijk
Comments: 5 Pages. Version 2 contains a minor change in References

This article shows how Electro-Magnetic source and wave are related and why the propagation velocity of light in vacuum is c, exclusively relative to its source.
Category: Classical Physics

[524] viXra:1809.0431 [pdf] replaced on 2018-09-30 23:03:37

The Theories Of The Graviton, Part One: The Classical Framework of the Particle’s Nature and Mechanics

Authors: Noah MacKay, Aaron Bain
Comments: 18 Pages.

Gravitons are the quantum particles of gravity that, if proven to exist, would potentially connect quantum mechanics with gravitation. This particular paper, however, mostly describes the particle’s nature and mechanics in the framework of classical physics: the same framework in which General Relativity was formulated. Although a classically-dominant perspective of gravitonic nature and mechanics, both quantum and classical physics are used to propose theorems, and to suppose two main considerations of the graviton: 1) The roles of the quantum graviton are vital in the overall nature of classical gravitation, 2) the particles contribute to the formation and potential energy of gravitational waves.
Category: Classical Physics

[523] viXra:1809.0154 [pdf] replaced on 2018-09-10 17:07:47

What is Mass?

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 1 Page.

mass from an unconventional but coherent view
Category: Classical Physics

[522] viXra:1808.0669 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-13 08:14:06

Modeling the Evolution of a Gravitating Bodies Cluster Based on Absolutely Inelastic Collisions

Authors: Kiryan D. G., Kiryan G. V.
Comments: 14 Pages. Figs.8, russian

Numerical simulation of evolution of a cluster of a finite number of gravitating bodies has been accomplished in the scope of classical mechanics taking into account accretion. The goal of the study was to reveal the basic characteristic phases of the intra-cluster distribution of material bodies. In solving the problem, the possibility of interbody collisions was taken into account. The collisions were assumed to be absolutely inelastic. Non-gravitational forces external with respect to the body cluster in question were ignored. Among all the internal force factors acting within the cluster, only the gravitational interaction was taken into account. To check the process of solution, the so-called “rotation curve” was used which presents a current radial distribution of orbital velocities of the cluster bodies. The Cauchy problem was considered. The issues of defining natural initial characteristics of the cluster bodies were touched upon. Conditions for commencement of rotation of gravitating bodies comprising the cluster about their common instantaneous center of mass were investigated. The numerical analysis showed that the characteristic shape of the “rotation curves” of stars of some galaxies depends only on the current configuration of the material body orbits. The “rotation curve” plateau characterizes the current redistribution phase of the intra-cluster matter. This means that invariance of radial distribution of star linear velocities in some of the observed clusters can be explained without considering the hypothesis of the “non-material gravitating dark matter” or modifying the classical Newton’s Law on gravitational interaction between two material bodies.
Category: Classical Physics

[521] viXra:1808.0669 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-04 06:15:01

Evolution of Gravitating Body Clusters with Regard to Inelastic Collisions

Authors: Kiryan D.G., Kiryan G.V.
Comments: 14 Pages. Russian

Digital simulation of evolution of a cluster of a finite number of gravitating bodies has been accomplished in the scope of classical mechanics taking into account accretion. The goal of the study was to reveal the basic characteristic phases of material bodies intra-cluster distribution. In solving the problem, the possibility of interbody collisions was taken into account. The collisions were assumed to be inelastic. Non-gravitational force impacts external with respect to the body cluster in question were ignored. Among all the internal force factors acting within the cluster, only the gravitational impact was taken into account. To check the process of solution, the so-called “rotation curve” was used, which demonstrates the current radial distribution of the cluster body orbital velocities. The Cauchy problem was considered. The issues of defining natural initial conditions for the cluster bodies were touched upon. Conditions for commencement of rotation of gravitating bodies comprising the cluster about the common center of mass were investigated. The computer analysis showed that the characteristic shape of the “rotation curves” of stars of some galaxies depends only on the current configuration of the material body orbits. The speed curve plateau characterizes the current redistribution phase of the cluster matter. This means that it is not necessary to consider the hypothesis of the “non-material gravitating dark matter” as well as to modify the classical Newton law on the gravitational interaction between two material bodies for the purpose of explaining the invariance of radial distribution of star linear velocities in some of the observed clusters.
Category: Classical Physics

[520] viXra:1807.0188 [pdf] replaced on 2018-07-16 02:43:58

EUV Transmission Lens Design and Manufacturing Method

Authors: Kenneth C. Johnson
Comments: 9 Pages. v2: Revised discussion of manufacturing method.

This paper outlines a design for an EUV transmission lens comprising blazed, phase-Fresnel structures approximated by a stepped profile. The structures can be formed on both sides of a thin silicon substrate, providing many more phase levels than would be possible with one-sided lenses. An e-beam fabrication technique with nanometer-scale patterning accuracy is outlined.
Category: Classical Physics