Classical Physics

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2019 - 1901(17) - 1902(6) - 1903(12) - 1904(24)

Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed farther down

[1488] viXra:1904.0389 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-19 08:50:17

About Matter Fundamentally//О материи Фундаментально

Authors: Bogdan Szenkaryk "Pinopa"
Comments: 7 Pages.

The article describes the essence of matter and energy at the most fundamental level. Fundamental physical phenomena are presented. They are the basis of phenomena and influences in complex material structures.// В статье описывается сущность материи и энергии на самом фундаментальном уровне. Представлены фундаментальные физические явления. Они являются основой явлений и воздействий в сложных материальных структурах.
Category: Classical Physics

[1487] viXra:1904.0361 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-18 11:03:15

The Law of the Dynamics of Self-Acting Movement // Закон динамики самодейственного движения

Authors: Bogdan Szenkaryk "Pinopa"
Comments: 2 Pages.

The article shows that the law of conservation of energy does not exist. Evidence of this can be significantly different particles, for example, a proton and a neutron. These different particles accelerate each other in different ways.// В статье показано, что закон сохранения энергии не существует. Свидетельством тому могут быть существенно разные частицы, например, протон и нейтрон. Эти различные частицы ускоряют друг друга по-разному.
Category: Classical Physics

[1486] viXra:1904.0346 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-17 10:59:22

Mass Defect the Mechanism of the Phenomenon // Дефект массы механизм явления

Authors: Bogdan Szenkaryk "Pinopa"
Comments: 9 Pages.

On the topic the defect of mass, can create many fabrications. Here excogitations are limited to a minimum. Here is a mechanism that clarifies the essence of the phenomenon, which physicists call a defect of mass.// На тему дефекта массы можно создавать много измышлений. Здесь измышления ограничены до минимума. Здесь представляется механизм, который выясняет суть явления, которое физики называют дефектом массы.
Category: Classical Physics

[1485] viXra:1904.0332 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-18 04:30:58

Redefining the Electron (Part 3): The Implications for EMR and Gravity

Authors: David Johnson
Comments: 30 pages. Concluding paper of 3. Links to other 2 introductory papers are provided in the abstract of this paper. Email address provided for feedback.

The Spin Torus Energy Model (STEM) was introduced in Part 1 of the ‘Redefining the Electron’ series to define the structure of electrons and positrons so as to explain the nature of electric and magnetic fields, electric current generation from battery and induction sources, capacitor charge and discharge, and superconductivity. STEM was extended in Part 2 to define a structure Preons, quarks and nucleons and to explore the nuclear structure of atoms. The atomic model developed provides explanations for the physical characteristics and different allotropic forms of elements in the Periodic Table, their various bonding geometries, and for electron capture and beta decay. This is the third and final paper which provides a STEM explanation for the particle-wave nature of EMR, spectral line emission and absorption, the photo-electric effect, the Compton effect, P-N semiconductors, electron pair generation and annihilation, plasma, cosmic radiation and Gravity. Part 3 also provides a summary of physics and chemistry related phenomena addressed by STEM in parts 1 to 3 plus an appendix that addresses the special nature of micro and radio waves.
Category: Classical Physics

[1484] viXra:1904.0313 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-16 15:55:37

Determinism Theorem

Authors: Pablo Hernan Pereyra
Comments: 6 Pages.

The modus operandi of Nature is established as cause and effect based on the Determinism Theorem, for all the events that compose it. The Determinism Principle is established on the basis of the Uncertainty Principle, and a complementation is made with derived Theorems and Principles that characterize Determinism. It is proven that all Artificial Intelligence is Natural.
Category: Classical Physics

[1483] viXra:1904.0301 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-15 09:04:56

The Material Structures Their Vibrations and Wabble // Материальные структуры их вибрации и колебания

Authors: Bogdan Szenkaryk "Pinopa"
Comments: 3 Pages.

The article presents the basics of the formation of material structures and a way to model this process. The construction of the structure and the properties of their components affect the basic properties of matter, such as elasticity, for example. The construction of the structure and the properties of the components affect the basic properties of matter, such as elasticity, for example. The current short article presents how the elasticity and the oscillations of material structures associated with it can be modeled in a simple way.// В статье представляются основы формирования материальных структур и способ моделирования этого процесса. Конструкция структуры и свойства компонентов влияют на основные свойства материи, например, такие как упругость. Нынешняя короткая статья представляет, как простым способом можно моделировать упругость и связанные с нею колебания материальных структур.
Category: Classical Physics

[1482] viXra:1904.0295 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-15 09:26:26

The Law of Conservation of Energy Does not Exist!//Закон сохранения энергии не существует!

Authors: Bogdan Szenkaryk "Pinopa"
Comments: 2 Pages.

For hundreds of years it has been suggested to people that in nature all physical processes occur in accordance with the law of the conservation of energy. This opinion about the nature of the processes occurring in nature is untruthful. The article states that the law of conservation of energy is true only in certain conditions.// В течение сотен лет внушано людям, что в природе все физические процессы происходят в соответствии с законом сохранения энергии. Это мнение о сути протекающих в природе процессов есть неправдивое. В статье говорится о том, что закон сохранения энергии верен только в определенных условиях.
Category: Classical Physics

[1481] viXra:1904.0285 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-15 20:29:49

Stoe Beginnings

Authors: John Hodge
Comments: 2 Pages.

The Scalar Theory Of Everything (STOE) was started from these initial considerations about the organization of the universe.
Category: Classical Physics

[1480] viXra:1904.0272 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-14 07:58:41

Heuristic Thoughts about Classical Physics

Authors: Ohad Frand
Comments: 7 Pages.

Classical physics is obsolete for more than a century if the question at stake is an accurate and complete description of Nature. Under that light if an alternative classical assumptions bundle may be capable of withstanding some of the major limitations of classical physics, it is reasonable to say that further discussion is required. This manuscript presents very specific and minimal assumptions in the domain of classical physics and extend them with bold ambitious conjectures. Although relation to nature is not shown, the main purpose of this manuscript is to inspire possibility of such relation.
Category: Classical Physics

[1479] viXra:1904.0267 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-14 10:29:29

Nasa and Gyro in Orbit//nasa и гироскоп на орбите

Authors: Bogdan Szenkaryk "Pinopa"
Comments: 7 Pages.

Precession in the gravitational field - this phenomenon has been known to mankind since ancient times. Here is a phenomenon that can be considered a precession of a completely different kind. This newly discovered phenomenon consists in changing the direction of the axis of rotation of the gyroscope. But the phenomenon occurs when the gyroscope (in the form of a gyrocompass) moves in the gravitational field of a celestial body. It occurs during orbiting around a celestial body or during movement near the body, when this body remains aside.// Прецессия в гравитационном поле - это явление известно человечеству с давних времен. Здесь представляется явление, которое можно считать прецессией совсем иного рода. Это новооткрытое явление заключается в изменении направления оси вращения гироскопа. Но явление происходит, когда гироскоп (в виде гирокомпаса) движется в гравитационном поле небесного тела. Оно происходит во время орбитирования вокруг небесного тела или во время движения вблизи тела, когда это тело остается в стороне.
Category: Classical Physics

[1478] viXra:1904.0248 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-14 00:04:13

Unification of Forces // Унификация сил

Authors: Bogdan Szenkaryk "Pinopa"
Comments: 4 Pages.

The Аuthor shows how you can create a unification of all the forces and phenomena that exist in nature.// Автор показывает, каким способом можно создать унификацию всех сил и явлений, которые существуют в природе.
Category: Classical Physics

[1477] viXra:1904.0247 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-14 01:05:15

First Physical Paradigm // Первая Физическая Парадигма

Authors: Bogdan Szenkaryk "Pinopa"
Comments: 6 Pages.

In the article, The Author presents the foundations on which the ability to study the world and human knowledge is based.// В статье Автор представляет основы, на которых основывается способность изучать мир и человеческие знания.
Category: Classical Physics

[1476] viXra:1904.0240 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-12 10:54:43

The Constructive Field Theory Fundamentals of Ideology // Конструктивная теория поля Основы идеологии

Authors: Bogdan Szenkaryk "Pinopa"
Comments: 8 Pages.

The Author presents the foundations on which Constructive Field Theory is based. They are very simple and are the basis for interpreting the structure of matter and physical phenomena.// Автор представляет основы, на которых основана Конструктивная Теория Поля. Они очень просты и являются основой для интерпретации структуры материи и физических явлений.
Category: Classical Physics

[1475] viXra:1904.0233 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-12 21:57:24

Redefining the Electron (Part 2): The Implications for Atomic Structure

Authors: David Johnson
Comments: 25 Pages. Redefining the Electron (Part 1) introduces STEM: a link to it is provided in the abstract of the pdf paper Part 2.

The Spin Torus Energy Model (STEM) was introduced in Part 1 of the ‘Redefining the Electron’ series to define the structure of electrons and positrons so as to explain the nature of electric and magnetic fields, electric current generation from battery and induction sources, capacitor charge and discharge, and superconductivity. In Part 2, STEM is extended to define a structure Preons, quarks and nucleons and to explore the nuclear structure of atoms. The atomic model developed provides explanations for the physical characteristics and different allotropic forms of elements in the Periodic Table, their various bonding geometries, and for electron capture and beta decay. The third and final paper provides a STEM explanation for the particle-wave nature of EMR, spectral line emission and absorption, the photo-electric effect, the Compton effect, electron pair generation and annihilation, and Gravity.
Category: Classical Physics

[1474] viXra:1904.0216 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-12 01:09:47

What is New in Theoretical Science//Что новое в теоретической науке

Authors: Bogdan Szenkaryk "Pinopa"
Comments: 2 Pages.

The author points to coarse logical errors, which exist in modern theoretical science of nature, and ways to correct them
Category: Classical Physics

[1473] viXra:1904.0176 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-08 07:34:35

Theories of Everything in Physics About Extension of Relativity

Authors: Wan-Chung Hu
Comments: 7 Pages.

This manuscript includes the extension of relativity to describe the angle change effect of special relativity and derive relative angular velocity and rotational energy. This paper also gave charge relativity explanation to link the rotation matrix to Faraday tensor. It also propose a new Plank length and Plank unit and predict the fate of universe.
Category: Classical Physics

[1472] viXra:1904.0168 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-08 11:06:35

Фикция в жизни и науке Унификация физических взаимодействий

Authors: Bogdan Szenkaryk "Pinopa"
Comments: 10 Pages.

In the article, the author presents the basics of human consciousness. This is at the same time the basis on which the development of science rests. The author puts a special emphasis on the development of science about nature, and specifically on the development of theoretical physics. It shows the connection of science with logical thinking and experimental facts. But pays special attention to the fiction of chutzpah. Using this fiction in the twentieth century, scientists in the area of science about nature found themselves in a dead-end street. The author shows how one can return to the path of real development based on logical thinking.
Category: Classical Physics

[1471] viXra:1904.0163 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-08 20:09:23

Unification of Electromagnetism, Weak Gravitation, and Classical and Quantum Mechanics by Diamond Equations

Authors: Hideki Mutoh
Comments: 4 Pages.

It was found that electromagnetic and weak gravitational fields can be unified by diamond equations, which is one of extended Maxwell’s equations. Classical mechanics is derived from the diamond equation for weak gravitational field by assuming that gravitational wave is not generated under the condition of stable motion. Quantum mechanics is derived from the same equation by assuming that the square of total energy consists of square of total momentum, square of the mass, and imaginary part of the energy creation-annihilation rate.
Category: Classical Physics

[1470] viXra:1904.0162 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-08 22:36:03

Experimental Support for Physically Significant Units of Measure

Authors: Jody A Geiger
Comments: 12 Pages.

Providing for a comprehensive model of physics that describes both the discrete and non-discrete behavior of matter has proved difficult and elusive. Using the principles of Informativity—a model based on counts of the fundamental measures, length, mass and time—we take a new approach to express Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle. It is shown that the physical significance of measure is an implicit outcome of the principle. Moreover, the bound dividing certainty from uncertainty may be described entirely as counts of these measures. Discrete values for length, mass and time are resolved with physical support demonstrating that they are fundamental and countable. Predictions matching experimental results include: Planck’s constant, the fine structure constant, the magnetic constant, the gravitational constant and the gravitational curve.
Category: Classical Physics

[1469] viXra:1904.0158 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-09 03:53:02

From Turbulence to the Unification of Maxwell Field and Gravitational Field (Back to the Roots)

Authors: Rolf Warnemünde
Comments: 148 Pages. 2019 CC BY-NC-ND

The central focus of the theory lies on the solution of the since more than 165 years unsolved problem of turbulence. To achieve this aim the following interstations are reached successfully: 1. definition of a pure continuum corresponding uniquely to a fluid, 2. stochastic turbulent particle transport by a fluctuating continuum, 3. context of deterministic turbulence and its stochastic counterpart in the sense of an ensemble theory. The result turns out to be geometrodynamics: 1. a pure geometrodynamics of turbulence in a 1+3-dimensional Euclidian Space, 2. a pure geometrodynamics of deformation. Both geometrodynmics lead to 1. evolution equations of General Relativity, 2. the quantitative unification of Maxwell Field and Gravitational Field, 3. the facilitation of quantizing gravitational fields, 4. considerations of general gravitational waves from a new perspective.
Category: Classical Physics

[1468] viXra:1904.0147 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-07 11:09:44

Photons and Polarization

Authors: Edward G. Lake
Comments: 13 Pages. First draft

Light consists of photons, not waves, and yet virtually every article and textbook about light polarization describes and uses illustrations of light as consisting of waves. This article is an attempt to analyze, illustrate and explain how light photons can be visualized, how they work, and how they can be polarized.
Category: Classical Physics

[1467] viXra:1904.0142 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-06 07:13:34

Fresnel Law Awesome Consequences

Authors: D.H.W. Reffer
Comments: 5 Pages. Special Theory of Relativity is disproved and removed.

Not only that the Relative-Velocity Completion of Newton Gravity Law has replaced the General Theory of Relativity (without pointing to any inconsistency or disagreement with experiment), but, herein, also removes the Special Theory of Relativity, via the Fresnel law on his hypothetical ether. We extend Fresnel’s law to vector form, by postulation, and using the gravitational index of refraction apply it to account for Michelson type experiments (including Miller’s). Reasons to resort to the Lorentz transformations, i.e., to the special theory of relativity, to account for the Michelson-Morley experiment do no more exist. Keywords: Fresnel law; Fresnel law vector generalized; Michelson-Morley experiment; Miller experiment.
Category: Classical Physics

[1466] viXra:1904.0099 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-04 07:18:23

Calculation of Dipole Radiation

Authors: Radi I. Khrapko
Comments: 4 Pages. Was submitted to AJP, EJP, NJP, JOPT, JETP

The effect of the retarded electromagnetic field of an oscillating dipole on this very dipole is calculated. In this way, we have verified the method that is used to prove the spin radiation of a rotating dipole.
Category: Classical Physics

[1465] viXra:1904.0075 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-05 04:25:38

Energy in Closed Systems

Authors: Anamitra Palit
Comments: 5 Pages.

Is there any form of energy that develops surreptitiously/mystically from within a closed system that does not exchange energy with its environment? The article investigates such an issue.
Category: Classical Physics

[1464] viXra:1903.0544 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-30 21:06:19

Physical Relation Between Emotions And Individuals Possessing Them

Authors: Akul Anandur
Comments: 1 Page. This paper is an onset to a series of research works in Psychophysics. This talks about quantizing emotions in terms of thermodynamics.

This article focuses on the rationalization of emotions- mainly happiness & sadness- and their interactions. A mathematical analysis of emotions relating happiness and sadness has been depicted. Emotions, being merely a disturbance in the mental states, have been analyzed as an entropic phenomenon.
Category: Classical Physics

[1463] viXra:1903.0516 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-28 10:35:57

On Newtons Inertia

Authors: Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed
Comments: 1 Page. ty

Inertia is not understood in todays physics inertia is because of the wave like absorbtion of a force within a mass for example if you have a piece of iron and a piece of larger iron and a piece of lead you would find that the force done by your hand to push them propagates through the whole mass lets see how this happens when your electrons in your hand and your protons push a piece of iron the protons in your hand pushes the protons in the iron and the electrons in your hand pushes the electrons in the iron now when this push happens the pushed protons and electrons within the iron mass push together another proton and electron in the mass and the bigger the iron mass piece the smaller the push for all the iron mass only after the push force has reached the other side of the iron mass the electron and proton on the other side attract the electrons and protons nearer to you then the electrons and protons on the other side are pulled again by the electrons and protons nearer to you the electrons and protons on the other side hit them back and then a back and force is attained at the farthest side and a continuous motion is attained indefinitely and while the electron wave is pushed new waves are needed
Category: Classical Physics

[1462] viXra:1903.0495 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-27 10:37:26

"AI" Physics – Energy Fields – Part 2.

Authors: Brian Strom
Comments: 12 Pages.

In the first paper on Energy Fields [1], Artificial Intelligence (AI) was used to analyze the nature of energy fields around conductors, solenoids, permanent magnets and rotating bodies. In this second paper, AI is used to analyze the interactions between Potential energy fields, Orbital energy fields and Rotational energy fields, and to propose the nature of these interactions throughout the universe, from the galactic scale to the sub-atomic scale. These findings may provide an explanation for the so-called 5th force, an alternative explanation for the forces at the galactic level, and an alternative explanation for the forces at the sub-atomic level, including quantum gravity.
Category: Classical Physics

[1461] viXra:1903.0449 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-26 00:19:21

Capacitive Power Transfer with Adjacent Parallel-plate Capacitors

Authors: Xiaodong Liu, Qichang Liang, Yu Liang
Comments: 4 Pages.

A capacitive power transfer system is designed by placing two parallel-plate capacitors adjacently side to side so that they supply electromotive force to each other by edge field. The secondary capacitor is connected with a large capacitor in parallel to increase the capacitivity of the secondary circuit. The mutual inductions between the two capacitors are not equal. The consumed power on load is not equal to the feeding power from the primary circuit.
Category: Classical Physics

[1460] viXra:1903.0383 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-20 08:06:53

Terminal Theory

Authors: Mohammed Rashed
Comments: 14 Pages.

This is a new scientific theory, studying different terminal effects of all objects. Starting from macro-scale objects ending to Nano- scale particles, depends on the terminal shape. Thus, we want to focus on the effect of the terminal and its transfer effect. After studying a known phenomenon, we can find a solution of unknown problem. By using this new theory, we can combine and simulate a more sophisticated process with simplest one. Also, we can invent new materials with a new terminal shapes have new properties, after find a new way to produce and control the atomic shape. This new theory, is so wide and deep, and we can apply it on the most physics, communications and other branches, and we can find a new effect of the objects. Specially, atomic scale, because, we can modify, manipulate and Tailor the shape of new materials as we desire. Everyone knows the terminal theory and its effects is exist, but no one refer to it, like the gravity is exist before Newton refer to it.
Category: Classical Physics

[1459] viXra:1903.0309 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-17 02:34:33

Kinematics with Poisson Brackets

Authors: Armin Zjajo
Comments: 2 Pages.

Kinematics is quite simple, however, Poisson brackets are not. This shows the most convoluted way of deriving kinematic motion.
Category: Classical Physics

[1458] viXra:1903.0227 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-13 04:06:09

Electromechanical Gyroscope-Accelerometer (Invention)

Authors: Karlo Moistsrapishvili
Comments: 7 Pages.

This paper proposes a new, simple design of a gyroscope with operating principles used to create an accelerometer with a number of advantages compared to its predecessors. Special electric circuit to measure acceleration is based on electromagnetic induction principles, ensuring high accuracy of measurements. The proposed device allows to measure acceleration of linear as well as curvilinear motions.
Category: Classical Physics

[1457] viXra:1903.0194 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-10 09:52:07

Технология и метафизика гравитации

Authors: Попов Борис Михайлович
Comments: 95 Pages. Язык русский, Изд. 2-е, перераб. и доп. / АО «Концерн «Созвездие». Воронеж, 2018. 92 с.: ил. 37

В настоящей книге автор, руководствуясь установкой Исаака Ньютона, что природа во всѐм предельно проста и экономна и если она чем и наделила тела в процессе их порождения, то одной только силой инерции, в качестве основополагающего принципа действия гравитации рассматривает инерцию. Благодаря подходу, основанному на такой установке, осуществлена категоризация феномена гравитации под такую рубрику опыта как инерция, показана законность еѐ членства в этой категории, закон всемирного тяготения и три остальных закона Ньютона сведены к одному закону – закону инерции, сформулированному и обоснованному задолго до Ньютона Галилео Галилеем. Это позволило, с опорой на основополагающий принцип действия, известный со времѐн Эйлера как сохранение углового момента, дать конструктивное определение гравитации. А именно предложить технологию организации произвольной группы вещественных тел в локализованную в свободном пространстве стабильную ассоциацию, обладающую внутрисистемным эффектом гравитации заданной интенсивности. Реальность технологии подтверждена контролируемыми экспериментами, которые читатель может легко повторить самостоятельно. В метафизическом аспекте, без выхода за пределы основных положений классической механики, рассмотрена природа и собственно самой инерции, а также основа стабильности и принцип порождения и существования вещественных образований, уточнены предельные возможности реактивного движения.
Category: Classical Physics

[1456] viXra:1903.0185 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-10 19:56:43

Gravedad Longitudinal

Authors: Carlos Alejandro Chiappini
Comments: 17 Pages.

Naturaleza electrodinámica de la gravedad. Significado de la fórmula de Newton. Naturaleza de la constante G . Consecuencias. Posibilidades tecnológicas.
Category: Classical Physics

[1455] viXra:1903.0178 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-11 03:40:57

Theory of Everything

Authors: Mahesh Khati
Comments: 43 Pages.

This paper gives answer to all questions 1) Why is world expanding with accelerated velocity? 2) What is dark matter? 3) Dual nature of particles (Wave & particle) 4) Why antimatter is not present in world abundantly? 5) Total energy of photon is kinetic energy, still it is moving of electromagnetic vibration & rest mass or energy of photon is zero & also, it has wave nature? How is this possible at one time? 6) How can photon disintegrate into electron & positron pair and electron, positron get combine to form photon? 7) Why does charge less particles like photons & neutrino have more velocity? 8) Many heavy but unstable particles are forming in LHC at CERN.
Category: Classical Physics

[1454] viXra:1903.0106 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-06 14:04:44

Maxwell Field Equation Tutorial: Its Causal Lorentz-Covariant Solution in Integral Form

Authors: Steven Kenneth Kauffmann
Comments: 5 Pages.

This tutorial sets out the detailed steps which produce the causal solution in integral form of the Maxwell field equation set, the causal solution being the one which vanishes in the absence of the source charge-current density, including during the time prior to that source being switched on. After warming up by obtaining the causal solution in integral form for the static source and field case, the Lorentz-covariant antisymmetric electromagnetic field tensor is defined, and the Maxwell field equation set is converted to its Lorentz-covariant form, whose formal causal solution is obtained in nine lines, but whose Green's function initially is ill-defined, a subtle issue whose ultimate causal resolution prompts a substantial effusion of ink. The integral solution which emerges can be exhibited either as manifestly Lorentz covariant or as very closely related to the static-case solution, except for systematic causal time retardation. Although direct solution for the electromagnetic field tensor is emphasized, the algebraically less involved four-vector intermediary potential approach is outlined in parallel.
Category: Classical Physics

[1453] viXra:1903.0043 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-04 03:56:28

Lorentz Magnetic Force Law Not Precisely Verified.

Authors: Chan Rasjid Kah Chew
Comments: 8 Pages.

The Lorentz magnetic force law has not been precisely verified. The experimental basis of it is in the early experiments done through the pioneers around the 1840s and 1850s; no new experiment has since been done when Hendrik Lorentz presented it in 1895 in its current form : F = q(v × B). The NIST data base of atomic mass of the various nuclides is actually the experimental data collected in a international distributed experiment to verify the Lorentz magnetic force law by using it to predict the atomic mass of nuclides. By comparing the predicted values with actual values measured using chemical methods, we could indirectly confirm the correctness of the law quantitatively to as much as 1 part in 10 7 .
Category: Classical Physics

[1452] viXra:1902.0495 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-28 11:31:59

About Arrow of Time

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 4 pages, 3 figures

All laws of physics are time-invariant. Quantum mechanical experiments show time reversibility in micro-scale conditions. Everyday experience demonstrates that time flows only from past to future and never back. This conundrum of physics has not been solved until now. The article discloses an explanation of nature of time based on the statement that time itself does not exist. Time is one characteristic of movement as such.
Category: Classical Physics

[1451] viXra:1902.0421 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-24 09:50:23

'ai' Physics – Energy Fields – Part 1.

Authors: Brian Strom
Comments: 21 Pages.

In this second paper on AI Physics, Artificial Intelligence is used to analyse simple experiments on energy fields (presently referred to as magnetic and electromagnetic fields). The AI searches for trends and patterns in the behavior of energy fields and the interactions between energy fields. The AI first observes the similarities between energy fields surrounding conductors, solenoids, permanent magnets and rotating bodies (such as the Earth). It examines the interactions between various energy fields, proposes new experiments, and predicts results. The AI concludes that energy fields will turn or move, if free to do so, to reduce the net field between them. From the behavior of permanent magnets, it is assumed that this movement will also reduce the total energy of the combined energy fields to a minimum.
Category: Classical Physics

[1450] viXra:1902.0420 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-24 11:02:10

Interference Fringes Offset in the Lloyd’s Experiment

Authors: Radi I. Khrapko
Comments: 1 Page.

It is shown that a rotation of the Lloyd mirror causes a shift in the interference pattern.
Category: Classical Physics

[1449] viXra:1902.0413 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-24 15:52:34

Stationary Momentum and the Moment of Momentum in the Field of a Rotating Dipole

Authors: Radi I. Khrapko
Comments: 14 Pages. In Russian. Submitted to "Physics-Uspekhi"

Attention is drawn to the fact that speed and mass are not needed for the existence of momentum, mass flux, and momentum flux, generally speaking. However, a centripetal force is needed for a momentum flux along a curved path even in the absence of speed. In relation to the electromagnetic field of a rotating dipole, it is shown that the known angular momentum flux is not radiation, it is not associated with energy and has an orbital character. Regardless of this flux, there is a spin radiation, not noticed by modern electrodynamics.
Category: Classical Physics

[1448] viXra:1902.0246 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-15 04:42:33

Ultraviolet Outburst in the M87 Jet: Subluminal or Superluminal?

Authors: Giorgio Capezzali
Comments: 29 Pages. Accepted for publication in Physics Essays, Vol. 32, No. 1 (March 2019)

The observations of the M87 jet with the STIS instrument mounted on board the Hubble Space Telescope revealed that an outburst originating in the HST-1 knot occurred. Measuring the dimensions of the outburst in the epochs between 2001 July 30 and 2003 July 27 and correcting for optical illusion an expansion velocity v/c = 0.99893 +/- 0.00007 is found. However,the relativistic model fails to correctly predict the dimensions of the source and the outburst brightness. For this reason, as the apparent motion suggests, a superluminal mechanical model where even the light rays travel faster than light is introduced. By applying this model to correct for optical illusion an expansion velocity v/c = 21.8 +/- 0.7 is found along with reasonable source dimensions and brightness. This result, the study of the apparent motion of features in the M87 jet and the time-of-flight measurements of muonic neutrinos seem to confirm the possibility to travel faster than light. That does not imply a refusal of special relativity. Instead only the common interpretations of it are refused.Without them, we will also see that the so-called twin paradox does not have any reason to exist.
Category: Classical Physics

[1447] viXra:1902.0075 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-05 03:49:15

New Theory of Emdrive & How Break Conservation of Momentum

Authors: Electrical Engineer
Comments: 5 Pages. Emdrive is not fantasy, It is real technology.

I succeeded to prove breaking of conservation of momentam and emdrive phenomenons by electromagnetism. conservation of energy is correct,but conservation of momentum is incorrect.
Category: Classical Physics

[1446] viXra:1901.0470 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-31 07:10:03

Antena Libro Español

Authors: Carlos Alejandro Chiappini
Comments: 8 Pages.

La antena libro es la aplicación práctica más sencilla de un desarrollo teórico nuevo en física. Tiene tamaño mínimo, buen rendimiento, se construye fácilmente y demanda poco dinero. El diseño se basa en dos condiciones. Una corresponde a la transferencia óptima de energía entre la materia y la radiación (entre el material conductor de la antena y las ondas emitidas o recibidas). Otra es la condición de resonancia dentro de la banda de operación. Es una buena oportunidad para ensayar algo distinto de lo habitual.
Category: Classical Physics

[1445] viXra:1901.0459 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-30 19:59:45

Heat Conductivity of Gas in Gravitational Field

Authors: V.S. Vasilenko, A.A. Malgota
Comments: 10 Pages.

An exact solution was got for heat conductivity of gas in the gravitational field with the use of model in that vector of speeds of molecules equiprobable distributions for everything to directions as a result of collision in an elementary volume dV. The thermal stream in horizontal direction is described by the law of Fourier: =-λ , and in vertical - = − − . Coefficient of heat conductivity = − 1 3 < ˃ < > coincides with the coefficient got in the model of discrete equiprobable distribution of vectors of speeds of molecules in parallel and антипараллельно to the cartesian axes of coordinates 0x, 0y, 0z and discrete dispersion of molecules in select planes. At the same time number of molecules flying from one side through an arbitrary single ground (n) /4 in 1,5 time exceeds a value (n) /6, given by the classic theory of distribution of speeds of molecules along Cartesian axes of coordinates.
Category: Classical Physics

[1444] viXra:1901.0414 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-27 19:19:05

Electrical Propulsion Device with Improved Propulsion Force Using Electrostatic and Flame Jet Ehd Power Generation

Authors: Taku Saiki
Comments: 4 Pages.

A principle for the propulsion system that uses electrostatic and flame jet EHD power generation which has been greatly improved in propulsion force had been shown, and an experimental result had been also shown as one example. Electro hydro dynamic (EHD) and electrostatic propulsion devices were developed in the 1920s by Thomas Townsend Brown. One such device, has no moving parts and, in the air, operates on electrical energy. In addition to the conventional electrostatic and EHD propulsion unit, a weakly ionized plasma column (flame jet) is installed at the center in the device to improve the propulsion force. Voltage was amplified by flame jet inside the center column and boosted to close to 200 kV.
Category: Classical Physics

[1443] viXra:1901.0403 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-27 13:06:17

Photoelectric Effect as Resonance Phenomena

Authors: Walter Orlov
Comments: 7 Pages.

It is explicitly stated in the literature that classical electrodynamics can not explain the photoelectric effect. In my view, there is at least one possibility. The system of metal ion and quasi-free electron can be considered as a resonator. A simple estimation has revealed that its resonance frequency is close to the thershold frequency of the photoeffect.
Category: Classical Physics

[1442] viXra:1901.0388 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-26 07:11:41

Technische Anwendungen Zur Umwandlung Der Rotationsenergie Der Erde in Elektrische Energie in Theorie Und Praxis Teil 12

Authors: Robert Stach
Comments: 22 Pages.

Aufgezeigt werden Möglichkeiten zur Umwandlung der Rotationsenergie der Erde in elektrische Energie. Neben einem geschichtlichen Exkurs erfolgt die detaillierte Beschreibung der Anlagen. Durchgeführt werden Berechnungen zur Winkelgeschwindigkeit und Leistung der Präzessionsbewegung sowohl für Kreisel mit fortlaufend horizontal kippender Achse, als auch für Kreisel mit einer fortlaufend horizontalen Achsverschiebung. Erklärt wird auch die resultierende Bewegungsänderung eines Kreisels bei nur einem wirkenden Impuls.
Category: Classical Physics

[1441] viXra:1901.0380 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-25 17:43:02

The Relation of Ohm's Law to Newton's 2nd Law

Authors: Jeff Yee
Comments: 6 pages

Ohm’s law relates voltage, current and resistance in electrical systems as V=IR. Newton’s 2nd law relates force, mass and acceleration as F=ma. Although electrical and mechanical systems are supported by different equations to describe these relationships today, it will be shown that the laws of Ohm and Newton are related and are built from the same foundation that governs the force of particles and all of matter.
Category: Classical Physics

[1440] viXra:1901.0343 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-23 09:31:13

Redefining the Electron (Part 1): The Implications for Electricity

Authors: David Johnson
Comments: 15 pages - seeking feedback and comment before part 2 submission

By redefining the electron to be a toroidal solenoidal form of concentrated energy, rather than the monopole point-charge definition underpinning the orbital nuclear atomic model of the Standard Model and Quantum Mechanics, the explanation of electromagnetism and electricity becomes more logical, straight forward and consistent. Redefining the Electron (Part 1) addresses the nature of electric and magnetic fields, electrons, positrons, electric current flow, electric capacitors and the induction of electric current. The follow-up paper, Redefining the Electron (Part 2), extends the Toroidal Solenoidal Electron (TSE) model to explore the implications for atomic structure and the physical characteristics of elements in the Periodic Table, molecules and compounds; and how they interact with each other chemically. Part 2 examines the role of electrons and positrons within normal matter, providing insight into the particle-wave nature of EMR and alternative explanations for spectral line emission and absorption, the photo-electric effect, the Compton Effect, electron pair generation and annihilation, beta and electron capture radiation, and Gravity.
Category: Classical Physics

[1439] viXra:1901.0321 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 00:47:15

Effect of Gravitation on Heat Conductivity of Perfect Gas

Authors: V.S. Vasilenko, A. Malgota, T.I. Maklygina, V.O. Komar, A.Yu. Yurkovskaya
Comments: 9 Pages. 9 p., Russian

The effect of gravity on the vertical thermal conductivity of a gas is theoretically investigated. To do this, we used the law of energy conservation and added to the average energy of the thermal motion of the molecule its potential energy in the gravitational field: <>= 2+. The formula for calculating the vertical heat flux =− − was obtained. From the formula it follows that in a gravitational field in an ideal gas with a temperature uniform in volume there a heat flux will exist 0=−V . For dry nitrogen, calculations give 0=1,3∙10−4 Вт м2 .
Category: Classical Physics

[1438] viXra:1901.0241 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-17 03:15:57

About Energy of Photon

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 4 pages, 4 Figures

There is a widespread view in contemporary physics that the electric field of an electromagnetic wave is in the phase with the magnetic field. This statement is incorrect. The article discloses in detail that the above statement leads to violating the law of energy conservation. The right statement is that electric and magnetic fields in the photon are shifted mutually by 90 degrees. In this case the electric field converts to the magnetic field and vice versa. The energy of the photon over time remains constant.
Category: Classical Physics

[1437] viXra:1901.0229 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 11:23:47

Increase the Angular Resolution Beyond the Classical Limits

Authors: Domenico Oricchio
Comments: 1 Page.

I try an increase of the angular resolution of telescope, and microscope, with numerical methods: I try to obtain the real image (without interferences) using a learning algoritm on sample images
Category: Classical Physics

[1436] viXra:1901.0219 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 23:45:06

Our Universe and Chaotic Determinism.

Authors: Durgadas Datta.
Comments: 5 Pages. For further research and experiments to understand a New Physics beyond Standard Model.

The concept of absolute space and time from Newtonian outlook and the effects of relativistic dilated concepts in Quantum Physics .
Category: Classical Physics

[1435] viXra:1901.0216 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 10:49:02

A Possible Variant of Herschelian Reflector

Authors: Domenico Oricchio
Comments: 1 Page.

I hypothesize a new Herschelian reflector using two parabola sections
Category: Classical Physics

[1434] viXra:1901.0094 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-07 09:37:11

Hodge Experiment Photographs Quantified with a Color Function

Authors: John Hodge
Comments: 8 Pages.

The Hodge Experiment of the Scalar Theory of Everything (STOE) model is the Fraunhofer pattern from a first mask with a single slit impinges on a second mask. The pattern from a second mask slit and the pattern from an edge that differs only in the removal of one of the mask sides are compared. The second mask provides more to the screen pattern than only blocking light as wave models suggest. The second mask contributes to form the screen image as the STOE model suggests.
Category: Classical Physics

[1433] viXra:1901.0083 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-06 10:40:39

A Test of the Superposition Principle in Intense Laser Beams

Authors: Alexander Unzicker
Comments: 10 Pages.

A test of a nonlinear effect hitherto unknown in classical electrodynamics is proposed. For the possible nonlinearity to be observed, a high-intensity standing wave with circular polarization in a resonator is required. If the effect exists, an electric voltage should be induced between the mirros and an electric current can be measured. Motivation, quantitative expectations and the design of the experiment are discussed.
Category: Classical Physics

[1432] viXra:1901.0067 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-05 10:49:28

Technische Anwendungen Zur Umwandlung Der Rotationsenergie Der Erde in Elektrische Energie in Theorie Und Praxis Teil 9

Authors: Robert Stach
Comments: 21 Pages.

Aufgezeigt werden Möglichkeiten zur Umwandlung der Rotationsenergie der Erde in elektrische Energie. Neben einem geschichtlichen Exkurs erfolgt die detaillierte Beschreibung der Anlagen. Es wird zudem verdeutlicht, dass durch eine unterschiedliche Anzahl der Freiheitsgrade eines Kreisels auch unterschiedliche Berechnungsalgorithmen für die Winkelgeschwindigkeit der Präzessionsbewegung resultieren. Aufgezeigt werden auch die Unterschiede beim resultierenden Impuls der Präzessionsbewegung zwischen kippenden und parallel ausweichenden Kreiselachsen.
Category: Classical Physics

[1431] viXra:1901.0036 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-03 09:11:36

New Concept of Mass

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 3 pages

In contemporary physics mass is a basic property of any physical object, but there is no consistent definition of what mass is. This article formulates a new concept of mass based on the statement that space and force field are synonyms, i.e., mass is the charge of gravity.
Category: Classical Physics

[1430] viXra:1901.0015 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-02 11:41:26

Mathematics of Combined Theory of Time

Authors: Suraj Deshmukh
Comments: 16 Pages. Do not contain explanations for equations.

This theory is about time. I have represented time in a new manner. First we consider time to be isolated then merge it with space. These are equations governing this theory. Before you read I request to read combined theory of time(CTT). These are first few equations emerging in CTT. Excluding DOX mechanism all other topics of CTT are covered.
Category: Classical Physics

[1429] viXra:1812.0462 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-28 10:24:53

Our Universe and Some Thoughts.

Authors: Durgadas Datta.
Comments: 3 Pages. FOR FURTHER RESEARCH.

MODERN PHYSICS DWELLING ON WRONG TIME.
Category: Classical Physics

[1428] viXra:1812.0436 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-28 00:58:56

Galileo's Solution for the 'Path of Quickest Descent'

Authors: Radhakrishnamurty padyala
Comments: 12 Pages.

Path of the quickest descent of a material particle from a point A to another point B at a lower lever, in a constant gravitational field, is a famous problem in mathematics. It was solved by Galileo around 1638. Galileo’s solution was that the quickest path is the arc of a circle with B as the lower end of the vertical diameter of the circle in the vertical plane. It is important to note that Galileo does not use the summation of time intervals of travel along the successive chords that connect A and B. He compares the times of travel between two paths from A to B. One path consists of the direct shortest path – the chord connecting A and B. The second path consists of two chords AC and CB. Galileo proves that the two chord path ACB is quicker than the single chord path. Then he compares the two chord path with the three chord path, AC, CD, DB and proves the three chord path ACDB is quicker than the two chord path ACB. He extends this procedure indefinitely to more and more chords and proves that the arc of the circle is the quickest path of travel from A to B. Later, John Bernoulli solves this problem and poses it as a challenge to peers to solve it. Many well known mathematicians that include Bernoulli’s elder brother Jacob Bernoulli, Newton, Pascal among others solved it. John Bernoulli’s solution was based on Fermat’s least time principle. To account for the path followed by a ray of light between two points, Fermat enunciated the principle of least time. According to this principle light takes the path of minimum time in going from the initial to the final point involving reflections or of refractions on its way. Bernoulli argued that if light follows Fermat’s principle in economizing the time of travel between two points, why not a material particle also follow that principle, so that nature economizes on the number of principles required to govern various processes? Arguing thus, he employed Fermat’s least time principle and arrived at a different solution from that of Galileo’s solution. This solution became very famous and gave rise to many other mathematical developments. In contrast to Galileo’s circular path, Bernoulli’s solution was a ‘brachistochrone’. We discussed Bernoulli’s solution in an article in this journal earlier. Bernoulli’s solution involves the summation of time intervals of travel along the successive chords of the brachistochrone. Galileo did not add the time intervals because time intervals along paths of different accelerations are not additive – they are additive if and only if they are along path of the same value of acceleration. Students must get a good grasp of this idea in order to appreciate Galileo’s solution. As Erlichson says, this study provides some very interesting information on Galileo’s geometrical methods.
Category: Classical Physics

[1427] viXra:1812.0431 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-26 15:02:17

Motion of a Spinning Symmetric Top

Authors: Vedat Tanrıverdi
Comments: 53 Pages.

We firstly reviewed the symmetric top problem, then we have solved different possible motions numerically. We have given explanation about the rise of the symmetric top during nutation in terms of torque and angu- lar momentum. We have encountered with previously unnoticed proper- ties of motion and studied them. During the study, calculations gave some surprising results that the symmetric top can change its spin direction.
Category: Classical Physics

[1426] viXra:1812.0409 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-24 17:44:12

The Impetus of Firenado

Authors: Kiyoung Kim
Comments: 10 Pages.

For the vortex formation of fire whirl, the mechanism or physics behind is discussed. If the driving force for the updraft of fire whirl is just buoyancy of heated-air and flame inside the vortex, the vortex of firenado reaching up to a few kilometers, even more, above the ground surface cannot be explained. There should be an additional driving force for the updraft. The driving force for the vortex formation of firenado is supposed to be the electric interaction of electric charges in the vortex of firenado with the induced electric charges in a crustal conducting body underground.
Category: Classical Physics

[1425] viXra:1812.0390 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-21 08:59:28

A New? Definition of the Second Law of the Thermodynamics

Authors: Domenico Oricchio
Comments: 1 Page.

I try a new definition of second law of thermodynamics
Category: Classical Physics

[1424] viXra:1812.0365 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-20 11:30:21

New Conception of Space Curvature

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 4 pages, 4 Figures

According the new statement of Space, Space and the Force field are synonyms. Therefore Space is curved in the same way as a gravity field around celestial bodies. Far away from stars and planets Space is flat. The gravity Space is curved around each atom in micro scale distances.
Category: Classical Physics

[1423] viXra:1812.0357 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-21 04:27:22

Physics since Einstein

Authors: Sjaak Uitterdijk
Comments: 138 Pages.

All my theoretical research on physics, created by and since Einstein, have led me to the belief that the higher the level of intelligence of the physicist, the more that can be a threat to the health of physical sciences. Einstein started the decline of this science with his Special Theory of Relativity!
Category: Classical Physics

[1422] viXra:1812.0281 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-16 12:39:15

Controlled Artificial Nucleosyntheses and Electron Nuclear Reactor

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 11 Pages.

By now, about 3000 nuclides are known, which decay and pass into each other. Many of them can be obtained in nuclear reactors. The author offers a method for searching for the desired nuclides and a simple controlled method for obtaining artificial nuclides, such that in the chain of subsequent decays they contain an alpha decay. With alpha decay, a large amount of nuclear energy is generated that can easily be converted into electricity and reactive traction. This method is simple and safe, does not require large, expensive laser, magnetic installations, million temperatures, it can be used in small and medium engines for cars, airplanes, rockets, space vehicles and for unlimited energy on Earth.
Category: Classical Physics

[1421] viXra:1812.0276 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-17 00:23:35

The Photoelectric Effect, Wave-Particle Duality and Atomic Structure

Authors: David Johnson
Comments: 52 page extension of an earlier article to include the photoelectric effect and improve the coverage of elctricity

n 1905 Albert Einstein provided an explanation of the photoelectric effect by postulating the existence of "light quanta" (later called photons) to explain the photoelectric effect which the wave theory of light of that time was incapable of explaining: this sparked the particle versus wave debate because the particle approach cannot adequately explain interference, diffraction and polarisation and the wave approach cannot explain the photoelectric effect. The De Broglie hypothesis, which attributed wave-like nature to matter, was confirmed experimentally for the electron, and wave-particle duality was formalised by Schrödinger's equation, and extended by Dirac’s equations, to form a theoretical foundation for Quantum Mechanics. Although the use of the wave-particle duality has been widely accepted, the meaning or physical interpretation has not been satisfactorily resolved. In this thesis paper, electrons, positrons and preons are postulated to have a toroidal solenoid structure, whereas photons are postulated to have a helical solenoid structure (these solenoidal models are similar to those proposed by Oliver Consa in 2018 for non-static electrons and preons). The proposed helical solenoidal structure of photons provides them with wave-like and particle characteristics supportive of a wave-particle duality. Quarks are postulated to be built from preons, and nucleons from up- and down-quarks. The model for atomic structure developed using these fundamental and derived sub-atomic particles is considerably different to the orbital nuclear model based upon the monopole electrons and protons The model developed provides a feasible explanation of different allotropic forms of elements and their various bonding geometries, beta decay, electron capture, electronpositron annihilation, electric current (a ‘hole’ free explanation), the ionization process during plasma formation, Gravity and Gravity waves. It also provides good correlation between the atomic structure of the elements within the Periodic Table and their physical and chemical characteristics, which is something the orbital nuclear model fails to do.
Category: Classical Physics

[1420] viXra:1812.0263 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-15 11:07:34

A Conservative Standard Model

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 4 Pages.

the most conservative Standard Model of elementary particle physics that is possible
Category: Classical Physics

[1419] viXra:1812.0249 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-14 14:55:21

Guilt by Association – Weak Higgs and More

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 3 Pages.

reductionism and the anthropic principle are understood with respect to the Higgs and weak force, antimatter, and gravitation
Category: Classical Physics

[1418] viXra:1812.0239 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-13 16:12:24

Ten Explanations on Essential Subjects of the Modern Theoretical Physics which need Immediate and Radical Re-studying. Part One.

Authors: Vaggelis Talios
Comments: 14 Pages.

Many explanations on essential subjects of the modern theoretical physics leave a lot of unanswered questions. Certainly, the proposal of these explanations has been formulated based on the rationale that their definite establishment would take place only when all questions on each and every explanation would have been answered. However, as time passed by, the questions that had to be answered have been forgotten and the explanations have been established without the provision of the respective answers. The result of this tactic was the introduction of a lot of erroneous explanations in the modern theoretical physics; which need immediate and radical re-studying. In the present paper, I describe these explanations, adding some new proposals, which I believe will help this re-studying.
Category: Classical Physics

[1417] viXra:1812.0146 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-09 01:43:34

Rotation Operators and Head Piece Fashion

Authors: Armin Zjajo
Comments: 6 Pages.

Ever since caps were worn, fashion deemed it necessary that everyone eventuallymigrate to new styles as the older styles became ”worn” and ”uncool.” Unfor-tunately, as of yet, there have been no mathematical explanations for how thesenew styles have come about. We henceforth set about creating a mathemati-cal foundation for the styles people use for wearing their hats, caps, and otherheadpieces of choice.
Category: Classical Physics

[1416] viXra:1812.0138 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-07 09:20:05

Небесная Механика Эфира

Authors: Геннадий Бражник
Comments: 128 Pages.

Современное представление о гравитационном взаимодействии планет Солнечной системы основано на гелиоцентрической системе мира. Вместе с тем теоретическая аналитика показывает, что Солнце в структуре окружающего бытия вращается вокруг Меркурия, а Земля — вокруг Луны… Объяснение этих «парадоксов небесной механики» можно найти в предлагаемой публикации.
Category: Classical Physics

[1415] viXra:1812.0076 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-04 13:21:29

Euclid Riemann and TET

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 6 Pages.

a humorous discussion of why we need a new branch of mathematics called 'theory of attribute spaces'
Category: Classical Physics

Replacements of recent Submissions

[572] viXra:1904.0313 [pdf] replaced on 2019-04-17 16:46:57

Determinism Theorem

Authors: Pablo Hernan Pereyra
Comments: 6 Pages.

The modus operandi of Nature is established as cause and effect based on the Determinism Theorem, for all the events that compose it. The Determinism Principle is established on the basis of the Uncertainty Principle, and a complementation is made with derived Theorems and Principles that characterize Determinism. It is proven that all Artificial Intelligence is a Natural Intelligence.
Category: Classical Physics

[571] viXra:1904.0142 [pdf] replaced on 2019-04-07 08:03:46

Fresnel Law Awesome Consequences

Authors: D.H.W. Reffer
Comments: 5 Pages. Special Theory of Relativity is disproved and removed.

Not only that the Relative-Velocity Completion of Newton Gravity Law has replaced the General Theory of Relativity (without pointing to any inconsistency or disagreement with experiment), but, herein, also removes the Special Theory of Relativity, via the Fresnel law on his hypothetical ether. We extend Fresnel’s law to vector form, by postulation, and using the gravitational index of refraction apply it to account for Michelson type experiments (including Miller’s). Reasons to resort to the Lorentz transformations, i.e., to the special theory of relativity, to account for the Michelson-Morley experiment do no more exist. Keywords: Fresnel law; Fresnel law vector generalized; Michelson-Morley experiment; Miller experiment.
Category: Classical Physics

[570] viXra:1904.0075 [pdf] replaced on 2019-04-09 23:11:21

Energy in Closed Systems

Authors: Anamitra Palit
Comments: 10 Pages.

The writing indicates a breakdown of the classical laws . We consider conservation of energy with a many body system in relation to the inverse square law and point out the breakdown. The breakdown is first demonstrated with a two body system and finally with a many body system.
Category: Classical Physics

[569] viXra:1904.0075 [pdf] replaced on 2019-04-08 03:08:29

Energy in Closed Systems

Authors: Anamitra Palit
Comments: 9 Pages.

The writing indicates a breakdown of the classical laws . We consider conservation of energy with a many body system in relation to the inverse square law and point out the breakdown. The breakdown is first demonstrated with a two body system and finally with a many body system.
Category: Classical Physics

[568] viXra:1904.0075 [pdf] replaced on 2019-04-07 00:38:06

Energy in Closed Systems

Authors: Anamitra Palit
Comments: 6 Pages.

Is there any form of energy that develops surreptitiously/mystically from within a closed system that does not exchange energy with its environment? The article investigates such an issue.
Category: Classical Physics

[567] viXra:1903.0449 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-27 14:45:06

Capacitive Power Transfer with Adjacent Parallel-plate Capacitors

Authors: Xiaodong Liu, Qichang Liang, Yu Liang
Comments: 4 Pages.

A capacitive power transfer system is designed by placing two parallel-plate capacitors adjacently side to side or partially overlapped. The secondary capacitor is connected with a large capacitor in parallel to increase the capacitivity of the secondary circuit. The mutual inductions between the two capacitors are not equal. The consumed power on load is not equal to the feeding power from the primary circuit.
Category: Classical Physics

[566] viXra:1902.0421 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-27 10:16:56

"AI" Physics – Energy Fields – Part 1.

Authors: Brian Strom
Comments: minor corrections. 21 pages. Title corrected on viXra.

In this paper on AI Physics, Artificial Intelligence is used to analyse simple experiments on energy fields (presently referred to as magnetic and electromagnetic fields). The AI searches for trends and patterns in the behavior of energy fields and the interactions between energy fields. The AI first observes the similarities between energy fields surrounding conductors, solenoids, permanent magnets and rotating bodies (such as the Earth). It examines the interactions between various energy fields, proposes new experiments, and predicts results. The AI concludes that energy fields will turn or move, if free to do so, to reduce the net field between them. From the behavior of permanent magnets, it is assumed that this movement will also reduce the total energy of the combined energy fields to a minimum.
Category: Classical Physics

[565] viXra:1902.0420 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-16 19:40:23

Interference Fringes Offset in the Lloyd’s Experiment

Authors: Radi I. Khrapko
Comments: 1 Page. Submitted to JMO

It is shown that a rotation of the Lloyd mirror causes a shift in the interference pattern.
Category: Classical Physics

[564] viXra:1901.0343 [pdf] replaced on 2019-04-11 22:40:15

Redefining the Electron (Part 1): The Implications for Electricity

Authors: David Johnson
Comments: First of series of 3 related articles spanning 77 pages and including 73 diagrams

By redefining the electron to be a toroidal form of concentrated energy rather than a monopole point-charge definition, such as used for the orbital nuclear atomic model of the Standard Model and Quantum Mechanics, the dynamic nature of electromagnetic fields and electricity become more logical and consistent, and easier to explain. Redefining the Electron (Part 1) addresses the nature of electric and magnetic fields, electrons, positrons, electric current generation from battery and induction sources, capacitor charge and discharge, and superconductivity. The second paper of the three part series explores the implications for atomic structure and chemistry, the role of electrons and positrons within matter, and beta and electron capture radiation. The third and final paper provides insight into the particle-wave nature of EMR and provides alternative explanations for spectral line emission and absorption, the photo-electric effect, the Compton effect, electron pair generation and annihilation, and Gravity.
Category: Classical Physics

[563] viXra:1901.0229 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-01 19:38:37

Software Increase of the Angular Resolution Beyond Diffraction Limit

Authors: Domenico Oricchio
Comments: 2 Pages.

I try an increase of the angular resolution of telescope, and microscope, with numerical methods: I try to obtain the real image (without interferences) using an orthonormal basis
Category: Classical Physics

[562] viXra:1901.0229 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-28 08:52:43

Software Increase of the Angular Resolution Beyond Diffraction Limit

Authors: Domenico Oricchio
Comments: 2 Pages.

I try an increase of the angular resolution of telescope, and microscope, with numerical methods: I try to obtain the real image (without interferences) using an orthonormal basis
Category: Classical Physics

[561] viXra:1901.0229 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-26 10:16:24

Software Increase of the Angular Resolution Beyond Diffraction Limit

Authors: Domenico Oricchio
Comments: 2 Pages.

I try an increase of the angular resolution of telescope, and microscope, with numerical methods: I try to obtain the real image (without interferences) using an orthonormal basis
Category: Classical Physics

[560] viXra:1812.0431 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-30 04:38:19

Motion of a Spinning Symmetric Top

Authors: Vedat Tanrıverdi
Comments: 64 Pages.

We firstly reviewed the symmetric top problem, then we have solved different possible motions numerically. We have given explanation about the rise of the symmetric top during nutation in terms of torque and angu- lar momentum. We have encountered with previously unnoticed proper- ties of motion and studied them. During the study, calculations gave some surprising results that the symmetric top can change its spin direction.
Category: Classical Physics

[559] viXra:1812.0431 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-20 12:08:52

Motion of a Spinning Symmetric Top

Authors: Vedat Tanrıverdi
Comments: 64 Pages.

We firstly reviewed the symmetric top problem, then we have solved different possible motions numerically. We have given explanation about the rise of the symmetric top during nutation in terms of torque and angu- lar momentum. We have encountered with previously unnoticed proper- ties of motion and studied them. During the study, calculations gave some surprising results that the symmetric top can change its spin direction.
Category: Classical Physics

[558] viXra:1812.0431 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-06 14:55:08

Motion of a Spinning Symmetric Top

Authors: Vedat Tanrıverdi
Comments: 62 Pages.

We firstly reviewed the symmetric top problem, then we have solved different possible motions numerically. We have given explanation about the rise of the symmetric top during nutation in terms of torque and angu- lar momentum. We have encountered with previously unnoticed proper- ties of motion and studied them. During the study, calculations gave some surprising results that the symmetric top can change its spin direction.
Category: Classical Physics

[557] viXra:1812.0431 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-04 03:23:36

Motion of a Spinning Symmetric Top

Authors: Vedat Tanrıverdi
Comments: 53 Pages.

We firstly reviewed the symmetric top problem, then we have solved different possible motions numerically. We have given explanation about the rise of the symmetric top during nutation in terms of torque and angu- lar momentum. We have encountered with previously unnoticed proper- ties of motion and studied them. During the study, calculations gave some surprising results that the symmetric top can change its spin direction.
Category: Classical Physics

[556] viXra:1812.0431 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-29 03:10:21

Motion of a Spinning Symmetric Top

Authors: Vedat Tanrıverdi
Comments: 53 Pages.

We firstly reviewed the symmetric top problem, then we have solved different possible motions numerically. We have given explanation about the rise of the symmetric top during nutation in terms of torque and angu- lar momentum. We have encountered with previously unnoticed proper- ties of motion and studied them. During the study, calculations gave some surprising results that the symmetric top can change its spin direction.
Category: Classical Physics

[555] viXra:1812.0431 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-27 07:33:20

Motion of a Spinning Symmetric Top

Authors: Vedat Tanrıverdi
Comments: 53 Pages.

We firstly reviewed the symmetric top problem, then we have solved different possible motions numerically. We have given explanation about the rise of the symmetric top during nutation in terms of torque and angu- lar momentum. We have encountered with previously unnoticed proper- ties of motion and studied them. During the study, calculations gave some surprising results that the symmetric top can change its spin direction.
Category: Classical Physics

[554] viXra:1812.0276 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-29 03:06:41

The Photoelectric Effect, Wave-Particle Duality and Atomic Structure

Authors: David Johnson
Comments: 52 pages long: Diamond C-12 model altered and more explanation of bar models.

n 1905 Albert Einstein provided an explanation of the photoelectric effect by postulating the existence of "light quanta" (later called photons) to explain the photoelectric effect which the wave theory of light of that time was incapable of explaining: this sparked the particle versus wave debate because the particle approach cannot adequately explain interference, diffraction and polarisation and the wave approach cannot explain the photoelectric effect. The De Broglie hypothesis, which attributed wave-like nature to matter, was confirmed experimentally for the electron, and wave-particle duality was formalised by Schrödinger's equation, and extended by Dirac’s equations, to form a theoretical foundation for Quantum Mechanics. Although the use of the wave-particle duality has been widely accepted, the meaning or physical interpretation has not been satisfactorily resolved. In this thesis paper, electrons, positrons and preons are postulated to have a toroidal solenoid structure, whereas photons are postulated to have a helical solenoid structure (these solenoidal models are similar to those proposed by Oliver Consa in 2018 for non-static electrons and preons). The proposed helical solenoidal structure of photons provides them with wave-like and particle characteristics supportive of a wave-particle duality. Quarks are postulated to be built from preons, and nucleons from up- and down-quarks. The model for atomic structure developed using these fundamental and derived sub-atomic particles is considerably different to the orbital nuclear model based upon the monopole electrons and protons The model developed provides a feasible explanation of different allotropic forms of elements and their various bonding geometries, beta decay, electron capture, electronpositron annihilation, electric current (a ‘hole’ free explanation), the ionization process during plasma formation, Gravity and Gravity waves. It also provides good correlation between the atomic structure of the elements within the Periodic Table and their physical and chemical characteristics, which is something the orbital nuclear model fails to do.
Category: Classical Physics