Classical Physics

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Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed further down

[589] viXra:1502.0232 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-26 08:22:35

Black Hole Whose Entropy is Equal to the Inverse of Fine Structure Constant

Authors: Alberto Coe
Comments: 2 Pages.

The entropy of a black hole analyzed assuming that the surface area of events horizon belongs to a geometric object called torus .
Category: Classical Physics

[588] viXra:1502.0203 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-22 10:22:52

Unification of the Gravitational and Inertial Interactions

Authors: Richard A Peters
Comments: 30 Pages.

Two models of the gravitational and inertial interactions are considered in this paper, the Newtonian model and the TI field model. We’ll see how each model addresses the equivalence principle and the three properties of mass: passive gravitational mass, active gravitational mass and inertial mass. In the Newtonian model the ratio of passive gravitational mass to inertial mass of an object falling at relativistic speed toward a black hole changes, so the often stated equivalence of these two properties of mass is not upheld. In the Newtonian model, absent extraneous forces, all objects moving at non- relativistic speed in a gravitational field accelerate at the same rate because the ratio Mp / MI of the passive gravitational mass to the inertial mass is the same for all objects regardless of their intrinsic mass or constitution. The ratio Mp / MI of the passive gravitational mass to inertial mass need not be unity for the acceleration of objects in a gravitational field to be the same for all objects regardless of size or constitution. In the common expression for the acceleration profile about a gravitational body the ratio Mp / MI of the passive gravitational mass to the inertial mass is sequestered within the gravitational constant G itself. The TI field model of gravity and inertia unifies the nature of the gravitational and inertial interactions through the acceleration of massive particles relative to the TI field, an acceleration that is common both to the acceleration of an object in response to an external force and the acceleration of the TI field in response to gravity. The TI field model unifies the nature of the gravitational and inertial interactions not by equating the numerical values of passive gravitational mass and inertial mass, but by the relative acceleration of the TI field and matter particles that underlies both
Category: Classical Physics

[587] viXra:1502.0187 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-21 07:41:27

Cosmological Constant .a Geometric Look .

Authors: Alberto Coe
Comments: 3 Pages.

Will try to relate two disparate physical constants by means of a particular geometry .
Category: Classical Physics

[586] viXra:1502.0183 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-20 15:48:19

Review Part 1 of New Ideas, Innovation of Non-Rocket Propulsion Systems for Space Launch and Flight

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 35 Pages.

In the past years the author and other scientists have published a series of new methods which promise to revolutionize the space propulsion systems, space launching and flight. These include the cable propulsion system, circle propulsion system and space keeper, kinetic propulsion system, gas-tube propulsion system, sliding rotary method, asteroid employment, electromagnetic accelerator, Sun and magnetic sail, solar wind sail, radioisotope sail, electrostatic space sail, laser beam propulsion system, kinetic anti-gravitator (repulsator), Earth-Moon non-rocket and Earth-Mars non-rocket transport system, multi-reflective beam propulsion system, electrostatic levitation, etc. Some of them have the potential to decrease launch costs thousands of time, other allow to change the speed and direction of space apparatus without the spending of fuel. The author reviews and summarizes some revolutionary propulsion systems for scientists, engineers, inventors, students and the public.
Category: Classical Physics

[585] viXra:1502.0182 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-20 15:55:38

Review Part 2 of New Ideas, Innovations of Non-Rocket Propulsion Systems for Space Launch and Flight

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 68 Pages.

In the past years, the author and other scientists have published a series of new methods which promise to revolutionize the space propulsion systems, space launching and flight. These include the electrostatic AB-ramjet space propulsion, beam space propulsion, MagSail, high speed AB-solar sail, transfer electricity in outer space, simplest AB-thermonuclear space propulsion, electrostatic linear engine and cable space launcher, AB-levitrons, electrostatic climber, AB-space propulsion, convertor any matter in nuclear energy, femtotechnology, wireless transfer of energy, magnetic space launcher, railgun, superconductivity rail gun, etc. Some of them have the potential to decrease launch costs thousands of time, other allow to change the speed and direction of space apparatus without the spending of fuel. The author reviews and summarizes some revolutionary propulsion systems for scientists, engineers, inventors, students and the public.
Category: Classical Physics

[584] viXra:1502.0181 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-20 16:04:08

Review Part 3 of New Ideas, Innovations of Non-Rocket Propulsion Systems for Space Launch and Flight

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 67 Pages. 67

In the past years the author and other scientists have published a series of new methods which promise to revolutionize the space technology. These include the Space Elevator, Men without the space suite into space, Artificial gravity, New method of atmospheric re-entry for space ship, Inflatable Dome for Moon, Mars, asteroids, Closed loop water cycle, Climber for Space Elevator, Cheap Protection from Nuclear Warhead, Wireless transfer of electricity throw outer Space, Artificial explosion of Sun, etc. Some of them have the potential to decrease the space research costs in thousands of time, other allow decreasing the cost of the space exploration. The author reviews and summarizes some revolutionary ideas, innovations and patent applications for scientists, engineers, inventors, students and the public. Key words: Space Elevator, Men without the space suite into space, Artificial gravity, New method of atmospheric re-entry, Inflatable Dome for space, Closed loop water cycle, Climber for Space Elevator, Cheap protection from Nuclear Warhead, Wireless transfer of electricity throw outer Space, Artificial explosion of Sun.
Category: Classical Physics

[583] viXra:1502.0180 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-20 16:25:17

АБ-материя и иглы. Потрясающие свойства.

Authors: Bolonkin A.A.
Comments: 6 Pages. In Russian

В 2008г автором был предложен и исследован новый искусственный вид ядерной материи (АБ-материя), который не встречается в природе. Опираясь на хорошо известные законы ядерной физики, автор показал, что предлагаемый искусственный материал будет обладать потрясающими свойствами: Он будет в миллионы моллионов раз прочнее всех известных материалов (включая знаменитые искусственные нанотрубы), может выдерживать температуру в миллионы градусов, обладает почти нулевой теплопроводностью, сверхпроводимостью, в одной из форм способен быть невидимым и пропускать сквозь себя обычную материю, в другой форме защищать от любого излучения, включая ядерное оружие. Краткие результаты исследования были опубликованы в статье “Femtotechnology: Nuclear AB-Matter with Fantastic Properties” [1] American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences. 2 (2), 2009, p.501-514. (http://www.scribd.com/doc/24045154), (http://www.scipub.org/fulltext/ajeas/ajeas22501-514.pdf) и некоторые его применения развиты в статье “Femtotechnology: Design of the Strongest AB-Matter for Aerospace”,(2009), http://www.archive.org/details/FemtotechnologyDesignOfTheStrongestAb-matterForAerospace . Дальнейшие исследования устойчивости отдельных форм АБ-материи показало, что тончайшие нити из этой материи (АБ-иглы в миллион раз меньше атома водорода) обладают удивительным свойством: они находятся в натянутом состоянии и способны проникать безболезненно не только в человеческое тело, но доставлять микроприботы в любые укрытия из обычной материи на гиганские расстояния, в недра Земли, планет и Солнца. В частности, безракетные космические корабли на планеты солнечной системы. Некоторые результаты этих исследований в популярной форме излагаются ниже.
Category: Classical Physics

[582] viXra:1502.0179 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-20 12:24:31

Превращение материи в ядерную энергию АБ-генератором (популярное изложение научной статьи)

Authors: Bolonkin A.A., Bolonkin A.A.
Comments: 8 Pages. Converting of Matter to Nuclear Energy by AB-Generator and its Application by Alexander Bolonkin (in Russian)

Еще из школьного учебника физики все хорошо знают закон Эйнштейна Е = Мс2 (где Е -энергия, М- масса, с = 300 тысяч км/сек – скорость), который связывает массу любого тела и энергию. Он показывает, что любое материальное тело (камни, песок, мусор) обладают гигантской энергией в миллионы раз большей чем нефть, газ, уголь и в тысячи раз большей, чем известные термоядерные реакции. Но как ее добыть из любого материального тела (камня, песка, мусора) - не знает никто. Лишь в последние годы появилась первая работа [2] , которая наметила путь, позволяющий в принципе прямо превращать материю согласно формулы Эйнштеина в самый удобный вид энергии – электричество. Реализация этого предложения означает гигантский скачек в развитии человечества, сравнимый с изобретением книгопечатания, электронно-счетной машины или выходом человечества в космос. Как предлагается это делать и показано в данной статье.
Category: Classical Physics

[581] viXra:1502.0178 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-20 14:02:31

Wireless Transfer of Electricity from Continent to Continent

Authors: Bolonkin A.A.
Comments: 14 Pages.

transferring electric energy in long distance – from one continent to other continent through Earth ionosphere and storage the electric energy into ionosphere. Early he also offered the electronic tubes as the method of transportation of electricity into outer space and the electrostatic space 100 km towers for connection to Earth ionosphere. Early it is offered connection to Earth ionosphere by 100 km solid or inflatable towers. There are difficult for current technology. In given work the research this connection by thin plastic tubes supported in atmosphere by electron gas and electrostatic force. Building this system is cheap and easy for current technology. The computed project allows estimating the possibility of the suggested method.
Category: Classical Physics

[580] viXra:1502.0154 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-18 05:33:23

A Condition For Suspension Of Gravitational Field

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi, Roderic S Lakes, Peter T Timbie, Tao Han
Comments: 5 Pages.

In this research monograph, a condition for suspension of gravitational field is presented.For this analysis, the concept of Permittivity of free space for a Graviton has been advented and utilized.
Category: Classical Physics

[579] viXra:1502.0150 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-17 13:41:38

An Alternative Kinetic Energy

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 6 Pages. Spanish

This paper presents an alternative kinetic energy which is invariant under transformations between inertial and non-inertial reference frames.
Category: Classical Physics

[578] viXra:1502.0149 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-17 14:05:00

Unipolar DC Electric Motor. Faraday Paradox.

Authors: Ángel Blanco Nápoles
Comments: 5 Pages. Language is not English. Polkovnik Kondrashov.

Unipolar motor. Faraday paradox. Blanco effect. Free energy. Polkovnik Kondrashov. In some case when you try to move the rotor of this unipolar DC Electric Motor you cant not or will obtain not to much turns and after disconnecting the electric supply by disengage of the brush, the rotor will rotate in the backward sense of rotation almost the same quantity of the quantity of turns that is in forward direction.
Category: Classical Physics

[577] viXra:1502.0098 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-13 06:42:53

Comment on the Gravitational Blindage

Authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi
Comments: 2 Pages.

Observation that the Earth can be a shield to the gravitational force of the Sun, and measures the acceleration of Earth's gravity can verify this hypothesis.
Category: Classical Physics

[576] viXra:1502.0091 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-12 14:03:36

A Reformulation of Classical Mechanics

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 6 Pages. Spanish

This paper presents a reformulation of classical mechanics which is invariant under transformations between inertial and non-inertial reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without the necessity of introducing fictitious forces.
Category: Classical Physics

[575] viXra:1502.0084 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-11 13:39:03

A Linear Equation of Motion

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 6 Pages. Spanish

This paper presents a linear equation of motion which is invariant under transformations between reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without the necessity of introducing fictitious forces.
Category: Classical Physics

[574] viXra:1502.0062 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-08 13:49:15

Electrodynamic Force Laws and Hot Fusion

Authors: T. E. Phipps Jr.
Comments: 5 Pages.

A reformulation of Maxwell's equations that is invariant under the Galilean transformation, rather than covariant under the Lorentz transformation, is proposed. It leads to the customary Lorentz force law plus an extra term that is the gradient of a scalar quantity. This extra term would not be observable in experiments using steady circuital currents. But it should produce destabilizing effects similar to Ampere longitudinal forces in plasma experiments, such as those involving Tokamaks and similar devices aimed at controlling hot fusion.
Category: Classical Physics

[573] viXra:1502.0057 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-06 16:25:28

Causation, Propagation and Detection of Cylindrical Electromagnetic Fields

Authors: Frank H. Makinson
Comments: 5 Pages. See question on magnetic moments.

A dielectric array transmitting structure, formed into a partial circle, demonstrated the propagation of electromagnetic fields that decayed with distance by 1/R rather than 1/R2. The array had an electromagnetic field wavefront with an angular rate which will present signal detection and identification problems to conventional antenna-receiver-signal processing systems. A properly structured cylindrical electromagnetic field creates a contiguously linked field from the point of emission to where it has propagated.
Category: Classical Physics

[572] viXra:1502.0049 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-05 15:37:12

A Radial Equation of Motion

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 4 Pages. Spanish

This paper presents a radial equation of motion which is invariant under transformations between reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without the necessity of introducing fictitious forces.
Category: Classical Physics

[571] viXra:1502.0042 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-05 08:24:46

Force and Geometry

Authors: Alberto Coe
Comments: 2 Pages.

Will describe a geometric link related with the ratio between two physical forces , gravitational force and electromagnetic force .
Category: Classical Physics

[570] viXra:1502.0040 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-04 16:43:50

Dimensionality is Tautological

Authors: Charles Nunno
Comments: 1 Page.

Conceiving of a 4th dimension, 2nd dimension or 1 dimension, is actually incorrect speech and we should stop using it either theoretically or analogously until evidence is provided for dimensionality which involves anything more or less than exactly three. The 3rd dimension is the only dimension that exists to known science.
Category: Classical Physics

[569] viXra:1502.0022 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-03 14:56:45

A Scalar Equation of Motion

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 5 Pages. Spanish

This paper presents a scalar equation of motion which is invariant under transformations between reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without the necessity of introducing fictitious forces.
Category: Classical Physics

[568] viXra:1501.0254 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-31 14:23:45

Linear, Angular & Radial Momentum

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 6 Pages. Spanish

This paper presents the linear momentum, the angular momentum and the radial momentum of a system of N particles, which give rise to the conservation laws of linear momentum, angular momentum and energy.
Category: Classical Physics

[567] viXra:1501.0241 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-28 05:05:22

Unified Field Theory

Authors: Nikolaj Roerich
Comments: 1 Page.

The paper briefly shows how all paradoxes of modern Science including Physics are solved leading to Unified Field Theory.
Category: Classical Physics

[566] viXra:1501.0224 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-24 09:35:46

A Simple Rotational Classical Mechanics

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 5 Pages. This paper is written in Spanish.

In classical mechanics, this paper presents a simple rotational classical mechanics which can be applied in any reference frame inertial or non-inertial.
Category: Classical Physics

[565] viXra:1501.0222 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-24 11:07:52

Nature of Time

Authors: Nainan K. Varghese
Comments: 6 Pages. Originally published in FQXi Forum

Time is a functional entity, derived from fundamental property of basic 3D matter-particles (photons) to move at a constant linear seed with respect to surrounding universal medium. 3D matter has no ability to act or move. It is the surrounding (all-encompassing) universal medium, which moves basic 3D matter-particles at the highest possible linear speed. Unit of time is related to interval required by a photon to traverse definite extent of universal medium in space. Relating various activities about 3D matter-bodies to time helps us to rationalise in terms of cause and effect relations. Due to its lack of physical form, time can neither expand nor contract nor flow in any direction.
Category: Classical Physics

[564] viXra:1501.0215 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-23 20:15:34

Manifestation of the Conservation of Angular Momentum in Different Aspects of Human Life

Authors: Mark Krinker
Comments: 11 Pages.

The paper unites different phenomena of Physics and human life, having nothing common from a first look, on a base of the angular momentum and its conservation in various manifestations like the Nipher effect, aerodynamic circulation, mind-matter events and others. All the dissimilar objects, including even social ones, can be physically represented with the Field Gyroscope, which is a quantum object having measurable parameters like a power, angular momentum and others. The instruments for that have been developed by the author. This approach enables analysis of relations between wide classes of phenomena in terms of their interconnectedness.
Category: Classical Physics

[563] viXra:1501.0207 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-22 06:27:08

Dynamic Scalar Potential and the Electrokinetic Electric Field

Authors: F. F. Mende
Comments: 12 Pages.

In the article is described the new physical of phenomenon, which indicates that in the superconductors the stationary electric field can exist. This field exists in the surface layer of superconductor and it is directed normal to its surface. Since the field indicated is the consequence of the kinetic motion of charges in the superconductor, it can be named electrokinetic electric field. The value of this field is small, but it are new, previously unknown, property of the superconductive state.
Category: Classical Physics

[562] viXra:1501.0199 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-21 04:39:51

Corrected Newton´s Laws of Motion

Authors: Lubomir Vlcek
Comments: 7 Pages.

In the present paper I correct two Newton´s laws of motion First law and Third law. Keywords: inertia, generalized law of inertia, action, reaction, transmission medium, waves, particles, PACS number: 01.55.+b
Category: Classical Physics

[561] viXra:1501.0197 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-21 04:58:33

Wave - Particle Duality as Kinetic Energy Against and In Direction of Motion.

Authors: Lubomir Vlcek
Comments: 36 Pages. Physics in the past formulated at least part of the truth about the physical phenomena. Some ideas, even if they were doubtful and rejectable, are still valid today

In the article we prove that: 1.Form of Intensity of the Moving Charge Electric Field is asymmetrical, 2. Form of the interference field is non-linear, 3. Kinetic energy of a charge moving at the velocity of v has two different values: Kinetic energy against direction of motion as wave Tkin ad = mc2[ln |1+v/c|- (v/c)/(1+v/c)] Kinetic energy in direction of motion as particle Tkin id = mc2[ln |1-v/c|+ (v/c)/(1-v/c)] An electron moving at a speed ve= 0,003c creates spectral line Hα. Accurate electron speeds are given in the table in this article. Confirmation of Doppler´s principle in hydrogen for Balmer line Hα. Accompanying activity of reaction on movement of stable particles in the transmission medium are waves. Stable electrons moving with speeds (0,99 c – c ) creates leptons (μ−, τ−), neutrinos (νe, νμ, ντ) and bosons W +, W-, Z (= β electrons). Weak interactions are caused with stable electrons, which creates leptons (μ−, τ−) = ( particles = electrons different speeds), neutrinos νe, νμ, ντ (= waves) , bosons W +, W-, Z (= particles = β electrons moving at nearly the speed of light ) and gamma rays (=waves of extremely high frequency >1019 Hz ). Stable particles (p +, n0, D, He-3, α) moving with speeds ( 0,3 c – 0,99 c ) creates baryons and mesons. The strong interactions are caused with stable particles (p +, n0, D, He-3, α ), which creates baryons and mesons.
Category: Classical Physics

[560] viXra:1501.0196 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-20 21:23:05

The Electromagnetic Cause of Shell Shock

Authors: Frank H. Makinson
Comments: 3 Pages. This is more about classical physics than biology.

The pathology of shell shock, contemporaneously referred to as post-traumatic stress disorder, has been identified by researchers. Why the brain injury occurs primarily inthe frontal lobes and its ‘distinctive honeycomb pattern of broken and swollen nerve fibres’ was not identified. Every munitions explosion emits a broadband pulse of electromagnetic energy. The electromagnetic energy pulse reaches the victim before the compression and particle components of the explosion. The characteristics of the head protection used by soldiers explains why the particular brain injury is as prevalent today as it was in World War I, but without the massive artillery barrages. The victims are receiving what can be termed an electric shock frontal lobotomy.
Category: Classical Physics

[559] viXra:1501.0102 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-08 07:30:26

Experiment for the proof of Newton’s Third Law Violation in Unipolar Motor

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 4 Pages.

The author proposes to perform an experiment proving that in unipolar motor the Newton’s third law is being violated.
Category: Classical Physics

[558] viXra:1501.0092 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-07 21:03:50

Experiments with the Spinning Electric Vector Analyzer SEVA-Integral-M1. Angular Momentum of Objects and Events, Manifested in the Field Gyroscope.

Authors: Mark Krinker
Comments: 18 Pages.

The paper considers a conception of universality of the angular momentum in a wide class of phenomena, even if they look not related to Physics and have no immediate classical interpretation. The Field Gyroscope, FG, is an example of a manifestation of the wide class of events in its real measurable properties. Origination of FG in Nature was considered by the author before. The experiments were carried out with a latest model of the FG meters family- SEVA-Integral-M1. The developed approach allows measuring the events in units of a power per unit of a volume, as well as represents them in a quantum form with the Plank constant. One of the novelties of the latest model is a separated measuring quasi-stationary (q-stationary) and non-stationary spinning, which opens new horizons in a research. The experiments revealed qualitatively identical action of influence of a real spinning gyroscope and images of drawn spirals - they increase FG magnitude. Beside that, a new phenomenon of origination of oscillations of non-stationary spinning FG after image-exposure was revealed. Influence of artificial and natural illumination, the human phantom, thoughts and verbal emotions as well as other phenomena on FG was measured. The experiments confirm a conception of unity of a wide class of phenomena on a base of the angular momentum, in particular- in its quantum form as the Plank constant.
Category: Classical Physics

[557] viXra:1501.0081 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-06 16:19:34

Newton's Aether

Authors: Gary D. Simpson
Comments: 7 Pages.

This text demonstrates that how we think about Gravity can be influenced by the mathematical tools that are available to us. The author attempts to predict what Newton might have thought if he had known of the works of Euler and Hamilton and been familiar with Linear Algebra. A definition is presented for the natural logarithm of a vector. The author determines that Newton would have inferred that the force of gravity and the resulting acceleration are not collinear.
Category: Classical Physics

[556] viXra:1501.0066 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-05 04:08:12

Electrization of the Superconductive Windings and Tori and the New Type of Contact Potential Difference

Authors: F. F. Mende
Comments: 18 Pages.

In the article is described the new type of contact potential difference, which appears with the flow of the current through conductors. Contact the potential difference indicated depends on the strength of current, which flows through conductor; therefore it it is possible to name a electrocurent contact potential difference. The results of investigating the electrization of the superconductive windings and tori during the introduction in them of direct currents are represented. Are represented the concept of scalar- vector potential, the assuming dependence of the scalar potential of charge on the speed, with the aid of which it is possible to explain the phenomenon of the electrization of the superconductive tori, during the introduction in them of direct currents. Are proposed the schematics of magnetometers, which make it possible to measure the magnetic fields over a wide range of their values.
Category: Classical Physics

[555] viXra:1501.0061 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-04 09:45:14

Experiment to Prove the Violation of Newton's Third Law in the Unipolar Motor \\ Эксперимент для доказательства нарушения третьего закона Ньютона в униполярном двигателе

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 4 Pages. in Russian

The author proposes the эксперимент perform for proving that the unipolar motor violated Newton's third law. \\ Автор предлагает выполнить эксперимент, доказывающий, что в униполярном двигателе нарушается третий закон Ньютона.
Category: Classical Physics

[554] viXra:1501.0023 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-02 05:12:10

The Classical Maxwell Electrodynamics and the Electron Inertia Problem Within the Feynman Proper Time Paradigm

Authors: Anatolij K. Prykarpatski
Comments: 15 Pages. a fresh look at old problem

The Maxwell electromagnetic and the Lorentz type force equations are derived in the framework of the R. Feynman proper time paradigm and the related vacuum field theory approach. The electron inertia problem is analyzed within the Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formalisms and the related pressure-energy compensation principle. The modified Abraham- Lorentz damping radiation force is derived, the electromagnetic elctron mass origin is argued.
Category: Classical Physics

[553] viXra:1412.0263 [pdf] submitted on 2014-12-28 18:34:39

The Deflection of Light by the Sun. The Newtonian Calculation

Authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi
Comments: Pages.

We calculate the angle of deflection suffered by the light passing near a large mass M, the Sun, first using Newtonian mechanics, and then the General Relativity. We found that with the solution obtained in General Relativity to the movement of light occurs collision of light with the Sun, before it touches it, which does not occur with Newton's theory. We have also seen that for large eccentricities, a hyperbolic motion, the total energy E of the photon according to Newtonian mechanics tends to Einstein's famous equation E = mc^2. We suggest more experimental checks of starlight deflection angle, both due to a period of 6 months without any eclipse, as in the comparison of the positions of the stars in the occurrence of an eclipse close to the date of the occurrence of this eclipse.
Category: Classical Physics

[552] viXra:1412.0249 [pdf] submitted on 2014-12-27 05:10:48

Liquid-Drop Model of Electron and Atom

Authors: F. F. Mende
Comments: 8 Pages.

In the article is examined the liquid-drop model of electron and atom, which assumes existence of electron both in the form the ball-shaped formation and in the form liquid. This model is built on the same principles, on which was built the liquid-drop model of nucleus, proposed by Bohr and Weizsacker.
Category: Classical Physics

[551] viXra:1412.0224 [pdf] submitted on 2014-12-23 09:07:51

The Fourth Electromagnetic Induction

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 6 Pages.

Different variants of electromagnetic induction are considered. The type of induction caused by changes of electromagnetic induction flow is separated. The dependence of this induction on the flow density of electromagnetic energy emf and on the parameters of the wire is explored.
Category: Classical Physics

[550] viXra:1412.0214 [pdf] submitted on 2014-12-21 13:34:26

The Fourth Electromagnetic Induction \\ Четвертая электромагнитная индукция

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 6 Pages. in Russian

Variants of electromagnetic induction examined. Special examined induction, which is caused by the change in the flow of electromagnetic energy. Is the dependence of this emf from the flux density of electromagnetic energy and the parameters of the wire. \\ Рассматриваются варианты электромагнитной индукции. Выделяется индукция, вызванная изменением потока электромагнитной энергии. Находится зависимость э.д.с. этой индукции от плотности потока электромагнитной энергии и параметров провода.
Category: Classical Physics

[549] viXra:1412.0197 [pdf] submitted on 2014-12-18 12:20:13

Electromagnetic Energy and Electromagnetic Forces. Addition to Electrodynamics

Authors: Yu.A. Spirichev
Comments: 20 Pages. in Russian

The article is devoted to the development of the classical theory of electromagnetic fields (EMF) and elimination of "white spots" in the field of electromagnetic energy and electromagnetic forces. On the basis of the axioms of a four-dimensional vector potential and current density of the deductive method, the 4-tensors and the equations of conservation of electromagnetic energy for the system "EMF - 4-current density". The obtained 4-tensor of the electromagnetic forces, the components of which are determined by all kinds of static, stationary and dynamic electromagnetic forces, including the forces of Coulomb, Ampere (Lorentz), Nikolaev. The equations of balance of all the electromagnetic forces. The obtained 4-tensors and the equations of self-consistent motion of electric charges, including the wave equation turbulence plasma. Of the 4-tensor of electromagnetic energy received 4-tensor of mechanical energy-momentum, equation of conservation of mechanical energy-momentum, canonical relativistic Lagrangian for a free particle, than he reveals electrodynamics and mechanics. The present work is a theoretical Foundation on which can be supplemented and refined electrodynamics of material media and plasma physics.
Category: Classical Physics

[548] viXra:1412.0163 [pdf] submitted on 2014-12-11 08:00:39

A Theoretical Reformulation of the Classical Double Slit Interference Experiment

Authors: Joseph I. Thomas
Comments: 40 Pages.

In 1801, Thomas Young devised what is now known as the Classical Double Slit Experiment. In this experiment, light waves emanating from two separate sources, interfere to form a pattern of alternating bright and dark fringes on a distant screen. By measuring the position of individual fringe centers, the fringe widths and the variation of average light intensity on the screen, it is possible to compute the wavelength of light itself. The original theoretical analysis of the experiment employs a set of geometric assumptions which are collectively referred to here as the Parallel Ray Approximation. Accordingly, any two rays of light arising from either source and convergent on an arbitrary point on the screen, are considered very nearly parallel to each other in the vicinity of the sources. This approximation holds true only when the screen to source distance is very large and the inter-source distance is much larger than the wavelength of light. The predictions that naturally follow are valid only for fringes located near the center of the screen (e.g. the equal spacing of fringes). But for those fringes located further away from the screen center, the precision of these predictions rapidly wanes. Also when the screen to source distance is comparable to the inter-source separation or when the inter-source distance is comparable to the wavelength of light, the original analysis is no longer applicable. In this paper, the theoretical foundations of Young’s experiment are re-formulated using a newly derived analytical equation of a hyperbola, which forms the locus of the points of intersections of two expanding circular wavefronts (with sources located at the respective centers of expansion). The ensuing predictions of the new analysis are compared with those of the old. And finally, it is shown that the latter approach is just a special instance of the former, when the Parallel Ray Approximation can be said to hold true.
Category: Classical Physics

[547] viXra:1412.0148 [pdf] submitted on 2014-12-09 13:12:52

Alternative Classical Mechanics IV

Authors: Alejandro A. Torassa
Comments: 11 Pages.

This paper presents an alternative classical mechanics which is invariant under transformations between reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without the necessity of introducing fictitious forces. Additionally, a new principle of conservation of energy is also presented.
Category: Classical Physics

[546] viXra:1412.0131 [pdf] submitted on 2014-12-06 14:12:09

Improvement of Classical Physics

Authors: Lubomir Vlcek
Comments: 39 Pages. Wave - particle duality elegantly incorporates into kinetic energy in direction of movement as particle, and kinetic energy against directions of movement as wave, in relations for kinetic energy.

Speeds of electrons and protons in atoms are small. For example: An electron moving at a speed ve= 0,003c creates spectral line Hα. Confirmation of Doppler´s principle in hydrogen for Balmer line Hα. Accompanying activity of reaction on movement of stable particles in the transmission medium are waves. Wave - particle duality elegantly incorporates into kinetic energy in direction of movement as particle, and kinetic energy against directions of movement as wave, in relations for kinetic energy. Neutron, β electron , gamma rays – calculations. Stable electrons moving with speeds (0,99 c – c ) creates leptons (μ−, τ−), neutrinos (νe, νμ, ντ) and bosons W +, W-, Z (= β electrons). Weak interactions are caused with stable electrons, which creates leptons (μ−, τ−) = ( particles = electrons different speeds), neutrinos νe, νμ, ντ (= waves) , bosons W +, W-, Z (= particles = β electrons moving at nearly the speed of light ) and gamma rays (=waves of extremely high frequency >1019 Hz ). Stable particles (p +, n0, D, He-3, α) moving with speeds ( 0,3 c – 0,99 c ) creates baryons and mesons. The strong interactions are caused with stable particles (p +, n0, D, He-3, α ), which creates baryons and mesons.
Category: Classical Physics

[545] viXra:1412.0129 [pdf] submitted on 2014-12-06 09:49:34

Challenge Exercises on Electromagnetism

Authors: Enrico Masina
Comments: 2 Pages.

The following document is for you people: try your E.M. knowledge and your physical attitude in those simple exercises, od use them for your students/friends/colleagues if you like!
Category: Classical Physics

[544] viXra:1412.0035 [pdf] submitted on 2014-12-02 11:16:57

Human Body as an Active Component of a Water Prospecting System

Authors: Mark Krinker
Comments: 5 Pages.

The author proposes a method of detecting subterranean water, employing an electric field, generated by contracting leg muscles of a walking operator. Presence of a water lens under a soil deflects electric lines of forces of the field, generated by the walking operator what can be detected by the field-measuring instruments. This operator-produced filed mechanism also can be a component of the physical base of the Dowsing, because its operators inevitably walk during the search process.
Category: Classical Physics

[543] viXra:1411.0596 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-29 16:20:16

Determination of Natural Frequency of Liquid Sloshing in Tanks of Various Shapes

Authors: Yevgen Vasylenko
Comments: 19 Pages.

Carriage of liquid cargo is essential to national economy and hence the annual volumes of liquid cargo are fairly large. In many cases this involves carrying toxic and fire-hazardous substances. Spillage thereof in case of emergency may cause environmental damage and even human losses. So when carrying such substances the main stress is on safety. The paper dwells on defining sloshing frequency for a liquid in tanks of different shapes similar to transport tanks. Such sloshing causes extra dynamic loads on vehicles. A method for calculation of sloshing will help to determine conditions, under which sloshing starts, and hence to take respective measures for elimination thereof.
Category: Classical Physics

[542] viXra:1411.0580 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-27 13:43:04

Alternative Classical Mechanics III

Authors: Alejandro A. Torassa
Comments: 13 Pages.

This paper presents an alternative classical mechanics which establishes the existence of a new universal force of interaction (called kinetic force) and which can be applied in any reference frame without the necessity of introducing fictitious forces.
Category: Classical Physics

[541] viXra:1411.0557 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-24 09:25:14

Field Gyroscope and Its Social Impact

Authors: Mark Krinker
Comments: 48 Pages.

This publication is a presentation, made by the author at CityTech College of New York in October 2014. The Presentation reveals some specific features of the Field Gyroscope (FG) -the phenomenon of a localized spinning electromagnetic field. As any spinning object, this field produces another profound phenomenon of Physics- Torsion Fields. The Presentation considers analytic relations between parameters of FG. In particular, it shows origination a torque of FG. FG phenomenon can be both dangerous and useful for the Mankind, depending on its manifestations. In particular, it can negatively affect blood vessels and manifests itself in Geo-Pathogenic zones and, on the other hand, can be used for a new type of telecommunication.
Category: Classical Physics

[540] viXra:1411.0549 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-23 09:46:32

`spooky Action at a Distance' in the Micropolar Electromagnetic Theory

Authors: Algirdas Antano Maknickas
Comments: 7 Pages.

Still now there are no theoretical background for explanation of physical phenomena of `spooky action at a distance' as a quantum superposition of quantum particles. Several experiments shows that speed of this phenomena is at least four orders of magnitude of light speed in vacuum. The classical electromagnetic field theory is based on similarity to the classic dynamic of solid continuum media. The today's experimental data of spin of photon is not reflected reasonable manner in Maxwell's equations of EM. So, new proposed micropolar extensions of electromagnetic field equations cloud explain observed rotational speed of electromagnetic field, which experimentally exceed speed of light at least in four order of magnitude.
Category: Classical Physics

[539] viXra:1411.0533 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-21 11:33:37

Form of Intensity of the Moving Charge Electric Field is Asymmetrical.

Authors: Lubomir Vlcek
Comments: 15 Pages. From the asymmetrical form of the intensity of the moving charge we can derive Gauss law, Faraday's law and derive the 4th Maxwell's equation,

Relationship Lorentz derived from the asymmetrical form of the intensity of the moving charge. To derive it we do not need Lorentz's transformations equations, that is we do not need SPACE-TIME. We do not need local time, or covariant equations or physical simultaneity definition or invariant interval From the asymmetrical form of the intensity of the moving charge we can derive Gauss law, Faraday's law and derive the 4th Maxwell's equation, fictional by Maxwell and not to be derived.Kinetic energy of a charge moving at the velocity of v has two different values: in direction of motion as own kinetic energy of charge and against direction of motion of charge represents the wave energy, which creates charge in transmision medium.
Category: Classical Physics

[538] viXra:1411.0531 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-21 11:46:11

Form of the Interference Field is Non-Linear

Authors: Lubomir Vlcek
Comments: 13 Pages. Kinetic energy of a charge moving at the velocity of v has two different values.

The main differences between incompetent Einstein's theory[1] and the latest knowledge[2]are: 1.Form of Intensity of the Moving Charge Electric Field is asymmetrical, 2. Form of the interference field is non-linear, 3. Kinetic energy of a charge moving at the velocity of v has two different values: Kinetic energy of electron , (proton) Tkin id =mc2 [ln |1-v/c|+ (v/c) / (1-v/c) ] in direction of motion of electron, (proton) where v is velocity of electron, (proton). Kinetic energy of electron , (proton) Tkin ad = mc2 [ln |1+v/c|- (v/c) / (1+v/c) ] against direction of motion of electron, (proton) where v is velocity of electron, (proton). These are the main differences between incompetent Einstein's theory and the latest knowledge.
Category: Classical Physics

[537] viXra:1411.0530 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-21 12:08:28

Kinetic Energy of a Charge Moving at the Velocity of V Has Two Different Values

Authors: Lubomir Vlcek
Comments: 5 Pages. Kinetic energy of a charge moving at the velocity of v has two different values

Kinetic energy of a charge moving at the velocity of v has two different values: Kinetic energy of electron , (proton) Tkin id =mc2 [ln |1-v/c|+ (v/c) / (1-v/c) ] in direction of motion of electron, (proton) as particle, where v is velocity of electron, (proton). Kinetic energy of electron , (proton) Tkin ad = mc2 [ln |1+v/c|- (v/c) / (1+v/c) ] against direction of motion of electron, (proton) as wave, where v is velocity of electron, (proton).
Category: Classical Physics

[536] viXra:1411.0484 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-20 16:16:12

Explanation of Width and Stretch-Factors for Type ia Supernovae

Authors: Alexander M. Chepick
Comments: 2 Pages. This article was sent to j. "Spacetime & Substance" №3(13)-2002, but was not published.

Explanations of dependence on distance are given both for the w-factor of a light curve of an absolute magnitude Type Ia Supernovae and for s-factor by assuming a value intergalactic optical density for visible frequencies of light about 1.00000000003 and by normal distribution of light speed.
Category: Classical Physics

[535] viXra:1411.0483 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-20 17:06:38

The Lunar Wake as cause of the Allais Effect

Authors: Antonio Iovane
Comments: 9 Pages.

Recently I have found a very strong correlation between unsolicited motions of a special torsion balance and instabilities of the geomagnetic field. I argue that these geomagnetic variations, if steep enough, might induce eddy currents into the metallic mass of the balance. Such currents would in turn generate magnetic fields which could urge the balance to rotate. Geomagnetic instabilities arise when the solar wind is unstable as an effect of solar activity. I have noticed that such instabilities occur, for an observer at Earth, even when the sun is calm and the solar wind is stable, but the observing point is swept by the effects of the "lunar wake", i.e. the vacuum of solar wind which extends from the moon in the anti-sunward direction. This happens around solar eclipses. I think that the lunar wake could be accounted for the so called "Allais Effect" (abnormal behavior of Foucault pendulums and other devices around solar eclipses) by the above mentioned mechanism. Actually I have found the magnetic signature of the lunar wake in geosynchronous satellite data around the occurrence of solar eclipses during which it was claimed a detection of the Allais Effect. In this article I present both satellite and test devices data for some eclipses. I think that the elusive and somewhat mysterious Allais effect falls into the realm of commonly accepted physics. The geomagnetic activity depends on the interaction of the solar wind with the magnetosphere. The effects of the lunar wake in the near-Earth environment has not been well studied yet, and I suggest that the “all American” August 2017 solar eclipse would be a good opportunity for further investigation.
Category: Classical Physics

[534] viXra:1411.0435 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-19 19:32:02

Influence of Info-Imprinting on Work Functions of Metallic Matrixes

Authors: Mark Krinker
Comments: 15 Pages.

The paper considers studying influence of a human-oriented info-imprinting on a work function of carriers of the imprinted information – metallic matrixes. The matrix-imprinted information proved its efficiency in a reduction of a thermal impact of a radiation of mobile phones, to which the matrixes were attached. Seebeck effect and Kelvin Probe installations were used and modified for the research. The study revealed a prevailing (but not the total) increase of the work function after info-imprinting. This is attributed to an ordering action of the information. Basing on the development of the experimental means, new info-thermo detectors are proposed.
Category: Classical Physics

[533] viXra:1411.0293 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-19 06:19:35

Innovations in Energomechanics

Authors: Edmundas Jauniškis
Comments: 4 Pages.

Identification of the energy as the centerpiece of mechanics relatively easily revealed the meaning of inertia. Dr. A. Akimov (А. Акимов) wrote in his article [1]: “Physics in its orthodox interpretation is not only unable to explain what inertia is, but is also unable to explain the origin of inertia forces, internal or external, in relation to moving bodies”. Dr. G. Shipov (Г. Шипов) has a similar opinion [2]. He writes: “The oldest mechanics mystery is inertia PROBLEM”. Since I. Newton times there is no unambiguous understanding of these simple things: What is the source of inertia? Are these forces real? Can these forces in relation to an isolated system be divided into internal and external? Are these forces obedient to the I. Newton laws of mechanics (e. g. action and reaction law)?
Category: Classical Physics

[532] viXra:1411.0232 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-18 16:54:07

Alternative Classical Mechanics II

Authors: Alejandro A. Torassa
Comments: 11 Pages.

This paper presents an alternative classical mechanics which is invariant under transformations between reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without the necessity of introducing fictitious forces.
Category: Classical Physics

[531] viXra:1411.0227 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-18 01:11:57

The Complete System of Equations of the Electromagnetic Field

Authors: Spirichev Yu.A.
Comments: 12 Pages.

The work is devoted to the development of the classical theory of electromagnetic fields (EMF). By way of deduction, built tensors EMF and received the complete system of equations EMF describing its rotation and deformation in pseudo-Euclidean Minkowski space. In addition to the well-known Maxwell's equations, the system contains four new equations EMF. Shows the physical essence of the calibration Lorentz. Received new wave equation EMF. The equation for the new components of the intensities of the symmetric part of the EMF. The expressions for the electromagnetic forces, including forces Nikolaev and two new dynamic electromagnetic forces.
Category: Classical Physics

[530] viXra:1411.0218 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-16 08:50:52

Twin's Problem as Gate to the Classics with God's Grace

Authors: Dmitri Martila
Comments: 8 Pages. Is there a publication offer coming?

The paradoxes of Einstein's Relativity are not solved without the God's Grace. One must return to Holy Trinity.
Category: Classical Physics

[529] viXra:1411.0111 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-13 14:14:17

Moment of Inertia of the Earth

Authors: Enrico Masina
Comments: 4 Pages.

This is a pure physical deduction of the EMI (Earth's Moment of Inertia). It does include a project, that anyone can develop for personal amusement.
Category: Classical Physics

Replacements of recent Submissions

[244] viXra:1502.0150 [pdf] replaced on 2015-02-19 15:25:10

An Alternative Kinetic Energy

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 6 Pages. Spanish

This paper presents an alternative kinetic energy which is invariant under transformations between inertial and non-inertial reference frames.
Category: Classical Physics

[243] viXra:1502.0150 [pdf] replaced on 2015-02-19 13:06:42

An Alternative Kinetic Energy

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 6 Pages. Spanish

This paper presents an alternative kinetic energy which is invariant under transformations between inertial and non-inertial reference frames.
Category: Classical Physics

[242] viXra:1502.0091 [pdf] replaced on 2015-02-24 11:34:14

A Reformulation of Classical Mechanics

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 8 Pages. Spanish

This paper presents a reformulation of classical mechanics which is invariant under transformations between inertial and non-inertial reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without the necessity of introducing fictitious forces.
Category: Classical Physics

[241] viXra:1502.0091 [pdf] replaced on 2015-02-14 04:08:47

A Reformulation of Classical Mechanics

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 6 Pages. Spanish

This paper presents a reformulation of classical mechanics which is invariant under transformations between inertial and non-inertial reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without the necessity of introducing fictitious forces.
Category: Classical Physics

[240] viXra:1502.0084 [pdf] replaced on 2015-02-15 01:17:32

A Linear Equation of Motion

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 5 Pages. Spanish

This paper presents a linear equation of motion which is invariant under transformations between reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without the necessity of introducing fictitious forces.
Category: Classical Physics

[239] viXra:1502.0049 [pdf] replaced on 2015-02-08 13:10:58

A Radial Equation of Motion

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 4 Pages. Spanish

This paper presents a radial equation of motion which is invariant under transformations between reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without the necessity of introducing fictitious forces.
Category: Classical Physics

[238] viXra:1502.0022 [pdf] replaced on 2015-02-25 10:52:18

A Scalar Equation of Motion

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 4 Pages. Spanish

This paper presents a scalar equation of motion which is invariant under transformations between reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without the necessity of introducing fictitious forces.
Category: Classical Physics

[237] viXra:1502.0022 [pdf] replaced on 2015-02-08 13:08:14

A Scalar Equation of Motion

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 5 Pages. Spanish

This paper presents a scalar equation of motion which is invariant under transformations between reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without the necessity of introducing fictitious forces.
Category: Classical Physics

[236] viXra:1502.0022 [pdf] replaced on 2015-02-05 15:32:49

A Scalar Equation of Motion

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 5 Pages. Spanish

This paper presents a scalar equation of motion which is invariant under transformations between reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without the necessity of introducing fictitious forces.
Category: Classical Physics

[235] viXra:1501.0254 [pdf] replaced on 2015-02-28 10:03:38

Linear, Angular & Radial Momentum

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 6 Pages. Spanish

This paper presents the linear momentum, the angular momentum and the radial momentum of a system of N particles, which give rise to the conservation laws of linear momentum, angular momentum and energy.
Category: Classical Physics

[234] viXra:1501.0224 [pdf] replaced on 2015-01-28 15:14:16

A Simple Rotational Classical Mechanics

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 5 Pages. This paper is written in Spanish.

In classical mechanics, this paper presents a simple rotational classical mechanics which can be applied in any reference frame inertial or non-inertial.
Category: Classical Physics

[233] viXra:1501.0224 [pdf] replaced on 2015-01-24 19:35:12

A Simple Rotational Classical Mechanics

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 5 Pages. This paper is written in Spanish.

In classical mechanics, this paper presents a simple rotational classical mechanics which can be applied in any reference frame inertial or non-inertial.
Category: Classical Physics

[232] viXra:1501.0196 [pdf] replaced on 2015-02-04 12:33:34

The Electromagnetic Cause of Shell Shock

Authors: Frank H. Makinson
Comments: 4 Pages. This is more about electromagnetics than biology.

The pathology of shell shock, contemporaneously grouped with post-traumatic stress disorder, has been identified by researchers. Why the brain injury occurs primarily in the frontal lobes and its “distinctive honeycomb pattern of broken and swollen nerve fibres” was not identified. Every munitions explosion emits a broadband pulse of electromagnetic energy. The electromagnetic energy pulse reaches the victim before the compression and particle components of the explosion. The characteristics of the head protection used by soldiers explains why the particular shell shock brain injury has an inordinate prevalence today, but without the massive artillery barrages. The victims are receiving what can be termed an electric shock frontal lobotomy.
Category: Classical Physics

[231] viXra:1501.0196 [pdf] replaced on 2015-01-31 22:54:44

Electromagnetic Cause of Shell Shock

Authors: Frank H. Makinson
Comments: 4 Pages. This is more about electromagnetics than biology.

The pathology of shell shock, contemporaneously grouped with post-traumatic stress disorder, has been identified by researchers. Why the brain injury occurs primarily in the frontal lobes and its “distinctive honeycomb pattern of broken and swollen nerve fibres” was not identified. Every munitions explosion emits a broadband pulse of electromagnetic energy. The electromagnetic energy pulse reaches the victim before the compression and particle components of the explosion. The characteristics of the head protection used by soldiers explains why the particular shell shock brain injury has an inordinate prevalence today, but without the massive artillery barrages. The victims are receiving what can be termed an electric shock frontal lobotomy.
Category: Classical Physics

[230] viXra:1501.0196 [pdf] replaced on 2015-01-25 22:15:10

The Electromagnetic Cause of Shell Shock

Authors: Frank H. Makinson
Comments: 3 Pages. This is more about electromagnetics than biology.

The pathology of shell shock, contemporaneously grouped with post-traumatic stress disorder, has been identified by researchers. Why the brain injury occurs primarily in the frontal lobes and its “distinctive honeycomb pattern of broken and swollen nerve fibres” was not identified. Every munitions explosion emits a broadband pulse of electromagnetic energy. The electromagnetic energy pulse reaches the victim before the compression and particle components of the explosion. The characteristics of the head protection used by soldiers explains why the particular shell shock brain injury has an inordinate prevalence today, but without the massive artillery barrages. The victims are receiving what can be termed an electric shock frontal lobotomy.
Category: Classical Physics

[229] viXra:1501.0066 [pdf] replaced on 2015-01-19 05:54:38

Electrization of the Superconductive Windings and Tori and the New Type of Contact Potential Difference

Authors: F. F. Mende
Comments: 19 Pages.

In the article is examined new physical phenomenon the electrocurent contact potential difference, whose value depends on the current, which flows along the conductor. Unfortunately, the computed values of electrocurent contact a potential difference proved to be considerably lower than the potentials, observed in the experiment. The carried out experiments and calculations showed that the discovered electrization of the superconductive windings and tori finds its explanation in the concept of scalar-vector potential, developed by the author. This concept assumes the dependence of the scalar potential of charge on its relative speed.
Category: Classical Physics

[228] viXra:1501.0061 [pdf] replaced on 2015-01-08 07:40:26

Experiment for the Proof of Newton’s Third Law Violation in Unipolar Motor \\ Эксперимент для доказательства нарушения третьего закона Ньютона в униполярном двигателе

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 4 Pages.

The author proposes to perform an experiment proving that in unipolar motor the Newton’s third law is being violated. \\ Автор предлагает выполнить эксперимент, доказывающий, что в униполярном двигателе нарушается третий закон Ньютона.
Category: Classical Physics

[227] viXra:1501.0061 [pdf] replaced on 2015-01-05 06:56:10

Experiment to Prove the Violation of Newton's Third Law in the Unipolar Motor \\ Эксперимент для доказательства нарушения третьего закона Ньютона в униполярном двигателе

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 4 Pages.

The author proposes the эксперимент perform for proving that the unipolar motor violated Newton's third law. \\ Автор предлагает выполнить эксперимент, доказывающий, что в униполярном двигателе нарушается третий закон Ньютона.
Category: Classical Physics

[226] viXra:1412.0263 [pdf] replaced on 2015-01-04 11:21:05

The Deflection of Light by the Sun. The Newtonian Calculation

Authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi
Comments: 11 Pages.

We calculate the angle of deflection suffered by the light passing near a large mass M, the Sun, first using Newtonian Mechanics, and then the General Relativity. We found that with the solution obtained in General Relativity to the movement of light occurs collision of light with the Sun, before it touches it, which does not occur with Newton's theory. We have also seen that for large eccentricities, in a hyperbolic motion, the total energy E of the photon according to Newtonian Mechanics tends to Einstein's famous equation E = mc^2. We suggest more experimental checks of starlight deflection angle, both due to a period of 6 months without any eclipse, as in the comparison of the positions of the stars in the occurrence of an eclipse in relation to the early date of the occurrence of this eclipse.
Category: Classical Physics

[225] viXra:1412.0263 [pdf] replaced on 2014-12-30 10:08:57

The Deflection of Light by the Sun. The Newtonian Calculation

Authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi
Comments: 11 Pages.

We calculate the angle of deflection suffered by the light passing near a large mass M, the Sun, first using Newtonian Mechanics, and then the General Relativity. We found that with the solution obtained in General Relativity to the movement of light occurs collision of light with the Sun, before it touches it, which does not occur with Newton's theory. We have also seen that for large eccentricities, in a hyperbolic motion, the total energy E of the photon according to Newtonian Mechanics tends to Einstein's famous equation E = mc^2. We suggest more experimental checks of starlight deflection angle, both due to a period of 6 months without any eclipse, as in the comparison of the positions of the stars in the occurrence of an eclipse in relation to the early date of the occurrence of this eclipse.
Category: Classical Physics

[224] viXra:1412.0263 [pdf] replaced on 2014-12-29 15:15:10

The Deflection of Light by the Sun. The Newtonian Calculation

Authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi
Comments: 11 Pages.

We calculate the angle of deflection suffered by the light passing near a large mass M, the Sun, first using Newtonian Mechanics, and then the General Relativity. We found that with the solution obtained in General Relativity to the movement of light occurs collision of light with the Sun, before it touches it, which does not occur with Newton's theory. We have also seen that for large eccentricities, in a hyperbolic motion, the total energy E of the photon according to Newtonian Mechanics tends to Einstein's famous equation E = mc^2. We suggest more experimental checks of starlight deflection angle, both due to a period of 6 months without any eclipse, as in the comparison of the positions of the stars in the occurrence of an eclipse in relation to the early date of the occurrence of this eclipse.
Category: Classical Physics

[223] viXra:1412.0224 [pdf] replaced on 2015-02-04 12:06:05

The Fourth Electromagnetic Induction

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 7 Pages.

Different variants of electromagnetic induction are considered. The type of induction caused by changes of electromagnetic induction flow is separated. The dependence of this induction on the flow density of electromagnetic energy emf and on the parameters of the wire is explored. We are discussing the mechanism of occurrence of energy flow, which enters the wire and compensates the heat loss.
Category: Classical Physics

[222] viXra:1412.0214 [pdf] replaced on 2015-02-04 13:21:36

The Fourth Electromagnetic Induction \\ Четвертая электромагнитная индукция

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 7 Pages.

Variants of electromagnetic induction examined. Special examined induction, which is caused by the change in the flow of electromagnetic energy. Is the dependence of this emf from the flux density of electromagnetic energy and the parameters of the wire. We are discussing the mechanism of occurrence of energy flow, which enters the wire and compensates the heat loss.\\ Рассматриваются варианты электромагнитной индукции. Выделяется индукция, вызванная изменением потока электромагнитной энергии. Находится зависимость э.д.с. этой индукции от плотности потока электромагнитной энергии и параметров провода. Рассматривается механизм возникновения потока энергии, поступающего в провод и компенсирующего тепловые потери.
Category: Classical Physics

[221] viXra:1412.0214 [pdf] replaced on 2015-01-28 11:59:44

The Fourth Electromagnetic Induction \\ Четвертая электромагнитная индукция

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 7 Pages.

Variants of electromagnetic induction examined. Special examined induction, which is caused by the change in the flow of electromagnetic energy. Is the dependence of this emf from the flux density of electromagnetic energy and the parameters of the wire. The mechanism of occurrence of the energy flux entering the cable and compensating heat loss examined. \\ Рассматриваются варианты электромагнитной индукции. Выделяется индукция, вызванная изменением потока электромагнитной энергии. Находится зависимость э.д.с. этой индукции от плотности потока электромагнитной энергии и параметров провода. Рассматривается механизм возникновения потока энергии, поступающего в провод и компенсирующего тепловые потери.
Category: Classical Physics

[220] viXra:1412.0197 [pdf] replaced on 2015-01-25 00:05:57

Electromagnetic Energy and Electromagnetic Forces. Addition to Electrodynamics

Authors: Yu.A. Spirichev
Comments: 20 Pages. in Russian

The article is devoted to the development of the classical theory of electromagnetic fields (EMF) and elimination of "white spots" in the field of electromagnetic energy and electromagnetic forces. On the basis of the axioms of a four-dimensional vector potential and current density of the deductive method, the 4-tensors and the equations of conservation of electromagnetic energy for the system "EMF - 4-current density". The obtained 4-tensor of third rank electromagnetic forces, 64 the components of which are determined by all kinds of static, stationary and dynamic electromagnetic forces, including the forces of Coulomb, Ampere (Lorentz), Solunin-Nikolaev. The equations of balance of all the electromagnetic forces. The obtained 4-tensors and the equations of self-consistent motion of electric charges, including the wave equation turbulence plasma. Of the 4-tensor of electromagnetic energy received 4-tensor of mechanical energy-momentum, equation of conservation of mechanical energy-momentum, canonical relativistic Lagrangian for a free particle, than he reveals electrodynamics and mechanics. The present work is a theoretical Foundation on which can be supplemented and refined electrodynamics of material media and plasma physics.
Category: Classical Physics

[219] viXra:1412.0197 [pdf] replaced on 2014-12-26 02:01:11

Electromagnetic Energy and Electromagnetic Forces Addition to Electrodynamics

Authors: Yu.A. Spirichev
Comments: 20 Pages.

The article is devoted to the development of the classical theory of electromagnetic fields (EMF) and elimination of "white spots" in the field of electromagnetic energy and electromagnetic forces. On the basis of the axioms of a four-dimensional vector potential and current density of the deductive method, the 4-tensors and the equations of conservation of electromagnetic energy for the system "EMF - 4-current density". The obtained 4-tensor of the electromagnetic forces, the components of which are determined by all kinds of static, stationary and dynamic electromagnetic forces, including the forces of Coulomb, Ampere (Lorentz), Nikolaev. The equations of balance of all the electromagnetic forces. The obtained 4-tensors and the equations of self-consistent motion of electric charges, including the wave equation turbulence plasma. Of the 4-tensor of electromagnetic energy received 4-tensor of mechanical energy-momentum, equation of conservation of mechanical energy-momentum, canonical relativistic Lagrangian for a free particle, than he reveals electrodynamics and mechanics. The present work is a theoretical Foundation on which can be supplemented and refined electrodynamics of material media and plasma physics.
Category: Classical Physics

[218] viXra:1412.0148 [pdf] replaced on 2014-12-28 21:22:59

Alternative Classical Mechanics IV

Authors: Alejandro A. Torassa
Comments: 11 Pages.

This paper presents an alternative classical mechanics which is invariant under transformations between reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without the necessity of introducing fictitious forces. Additionally, a new principle of conservation of energy is also presented.
Category: Classical Physics

[217] viXra:1411.0549 [pdf] replaced on 2014-12-05 02:30:28

'spooky Action at a Distance' in the Micropolar Electromagnetic Theory

Authors: Algirdas Antano Maknickas
Comments: 9 Pages.

Still now there are no theoretical background for explanation of physical phenomena of `spooky action at a distance' as a quantum superposition of quantum particles. Several experiments shows that speed of this phenomena is at least four orders of magnitude of light speed in vacuum. The classical electromagnetic field theory is based on similarity to the classic dynamic of solid continuum media. The today's experimental data of spin of photon is not reflected reasonable manner in Maxwell's equations of EM. So, new proposed micropolar extensions of electromagnetic field equations cloud explain observed rotational speed of electromagnetic field, which experimentally exceed speed of light at least in four order of magnitude.
Category: Classical Physics

[216] viXra:1411.0549 [pdf] replaced on 2014-12-04 14:24:02

'spooky Action at a Distance' in the Micropolar Electromagnetic Theory

Authors: Algirdas Antano Maknickas
Comments: 9 Pages.

Still now there are no theoretical background for explanation of physical phenomena of `spooky action at a distance' as a quantum superposition of quantum particles. Several experiments shows that speed of this phenomena is at least four orders of magnitude of light speed in vacuum. The classical electromagnetic field theory is based on similarity to the classic dynamic of solid continuum media. The today's experimental data of spin of photon is not reflected reasonable manner in Maxwell's equations of EM. So, new proposed micropolar extensions of electromagnetic field equations cloud explain observed rotational speed of electromagnetic field, which experimentally exceed speed of light at least in four order of magnitude.
Category: Classical Physics

[215] viXra:1411.0549 [pdf] replaced on 2014-12-02 14:43:24

`spooky Action at a Distance' in the Micropolar Electromagnetic Theory

Authors: Algirdas Antano Maknickas
Comments: 9 Pages.

Still now there are no theoretical background for explanation of physical phenomena of `spooky action at a distance' as a quantum superposition of quantum particles. Several experiments shows that speed of this phenomena is at least four orders of magnitude of light speed in vacuum. The classical electromagnetic field theory is based on similarity to the classic dynamic of solid continuum media. The today's experimental data of spin of photon is not reflected reasonable manner in Maxwell's equations of EM. So, new proposed micropolar extensions of electromagnetic field equations cloud explain observed rotational speed of electromagnetic field, which experimentally exceed speed of light at least in four order of magnitude.
Category: Classical Physics

[214] viXra:1411.0227 [pdf] replaced on 2015-01-23 23:44:15

The Complete System of Equations of the Electromagnetic Field. Addition to Electrodynamics

Authors: Yu.A. Spirichev
Comments: 14 Pages. In Russian

The work is devoted to the development of the classical theory of electromagnetic fields (EMF). By way of deduction, built tensors EMF and received the complete system of equations EMF describing its rotation and deformation in pseudo-Euclidean Minkowski space. In addition to the well-known Maxwell's equations, the system contains four new equations EMF. Shows the physical essence of the calibration Lorentz. Received new wave equation EMF. The equation for the new components of the intensities of the symmetric part of the EMF. Get a new Lagrangian EMF. Expressions are obtained for the new electromagnetic forces.
Category: Classical Physics

[213] viXra:1411.0227 [pdf] replaced on 2015-01-10 01:12:55

The Complete System of Equations of the Electromagnetic Field Addition to Electrodynamics

Authors: Yu.A. Spirichev
Comments: 14 Pages. in Russian

The work is devoted to the development of the classical theory of electromagnetic fields (EMF). By way of deduction, built tensors EMF and received the complete system of equations EMF describing its rotation and deformation in pseudo-Euclidean Minkowski space. In addition to the well-known Maxwell's equations, the system contains four new equations EMF. Shows the physical essence of the calibration Lorentz. Received new wave equation EMF. The equation for the new components of the intensities of the symmetric part of the EMF. Get a new Lagrangian EMF. The expressions for the electromagnetic forces, including forces Nikolaev and two new dynamic electromagnetic forces.
Category: Classical Physics

[212] viXra:1411.0227 [pdf] replaced on 2014-12-27 01:05:17

The Complete System of Equations of the Electromagnetic Field Addition to Electrodynamics

Authors: Yu.A. Spirichev
Comments: 13 Pages.

The work is devoted to the development of the classical theory of electromagnetic fields (EMF). By way of deduction, built tensors EMF and received the complete system of equations EMF describing its rotation and deformation in pseudo-Euclidean Minkowski space. In addition to the well-known Maxwell's equations, the system contains four new equations EMF. Shows the physical essence of the calibration Lorentz. Received new wave equation EMF. The equation for the new components of the intensities of the symmetric part of the EMF. Get a new Lagrangian EMF. The expressions for the electromagnetic forces, including forces Nikolaev and two new dynamic electromagnetic forces.
Category: Classical Physics

[211] viXra:1411.0227 [pdf] replaced on 2014-12-26 01:56:30

The Complete System of Equations of the Electromagnetic Field Addition to Electrodynamics

Authors: Yu.A. Spirichev
Comments: 12 Pages. of Russian

The work is devoted to the development of the classical theory of electromagnetic fields (EMF). By way of deduction, built tensors EMF and received the complete system of equations EMF describing its rotation and deformation in pseudo-Euclidean Minkowski space. In addition to the well-known Maxwell's equations, the system contains four new equations EMF. Shows the physical essence of the calibration Lorentz. Received new wave equation EMF. The equation for the new components of the intensities of the symmetric part of the EMF. The expressions for the electromagnetic forces, including forces Nikolaev and two new dynamic electromagnetic forces
Category: Classical Physics