Classical Physics

Previous months:
2007 - 0702(13) - 0703(19) - 0704(1) - 0709(1) - 0711(3)
2008 - 0801(1) - 0805(2) - 0808(1) - 0809(1) - 0810(1) - 0811(3) - 0812(3)
2009 - 0908(15) - 0909(1) - 0910(3) - 0911(1)
2010 - 1001(3) - 1002(4) - 1003(5) - 1004(6) - 1005(1) - 1006(5) - 1007(6) - 1008(2) - 1009(2) - 1010(1) - 1011(4) - 1012(2)
2011 - 1101(6) - 1102(4) - 1103(4) - 1104(19) - 1105(5) - 1106(3) - 1107(4) - 1108(3) - 1109(3) - 1110(3) - 1111(8) - 1112(6)
2012 - 1201(5) - 1202(4) - 1203(2) - 1204(9) - 1205(8) - 1206(4) - 1207(8) - 1208(4) - 1209(5) - 1210(6) - 1211(7) - 1212(9)
2013 - 1301(11) - 1302(9) - 1303(11) - 1304(3) - 1305(10) - 1306(13) - 1307(13) - 1308(4) - 1309(7) - 1310(20) - 1311(13) - 1312(21)
2014 - 1401(24) - 1402(18) - 1403(13) - 1404(14) - 1405(4) - 1406(11) - 1407(22) - 1408(15) - 1409(13) - 1410(8) - 1411(19) - 1412(9)
2015 - 1501(14) - 1502(18) - 1503(20) - 1504(9) - 1505(16) - 1506(13) - 1507(13) - 1508(22) - 1509(58) - 1510(28) - 1511(17) - 1512(12)
2016 - 1601(12) - 1602(40) - 1603(29) - 1604(13) - 1605(11) - 1606(11) - 1607(15) - 1608(6) - 1609(9)

Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed further down

[932] viXra:1609.0379 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-26 10:40:12

Физика ZMV. Основы новой физики \\ Physics ZMV. the Basics of New Physics

Authors: Mihail Vasile Zastavnitchi
Comments: 31 Pages. In Russian. © «Физика ZMV. Основы новой физики». Конгресс – 2016, Материалы. Фундаментальные проблемы естествознания и техники. Серия: «Проблемы исследования Вселеннй». Санкт-Петербург 2016, том37, №1, С. 202 – 231. ISSN 2304-0300.

The Beginning of the Beginning is the gravitational field. It is formed of gravitons in chaotic motion. Graviton is an elementary quantum of energy when it is in state of motion and an indivisible particle of mass when it is in state of rest. Mass is a conglomerate of gravitons in the state of rest, that is, of gravitons which gave to mass their kinetic energy of motion. It is possible to explain scientifically many physical phenomena that classical physics cannot explain them or explain them naive, if at the basis of physics put the existence of the gravitational field independent of mass and mass created by gravitational field, independent of the gravitational field: where does the energy of the stars come from? Why are the planets nuclei hot? What kind of relation is there between the potential and thermal energy in any point inside the mass? What is the propagation medium of the electromagnetic field? Why is the mass accelerating when a constant force acts upon it? Why is the mass moving by inertia? What is the maximum speed at which the given mass can move by inertia? Why do fluxes and refluxes take place on the Earth? The masses are not attracted to each other. The potential energies of the gravitational field (distorted by the masses) compress the masses. The compression of masses by the gravitational field (distorted by masses) is named Universal Compression of Masses. Universal Compression of Masses by Gravitational Field (distorted by the masses) is the first fundamental law of Physics ZMV. The thermal energy of the mass (received from the gravitational field at the mass penetration) heats the mass. Heating of Mass by Gravitational Field (during its penetration through the mass) is the second fundamental law of Physics ZMV. That part of gravitons, which gave up their energy to the mass and contributed to the creation of the potential energy of the gravitational field and the thermal energy of mass, remain in the mass and increase the amount of the mass. Growth of Mass by Gravitational Field (during its penetration through the mass) is the third fundamental law of Physics ZMV. Motion of Mass by Inertia Energy of Gravitational Field is the fourth fundamental law of Physics ZMV. Flux and Reflux of Mass, as a result of rectilinear and rotational motion of the mass is the fifth fundamental law of Physics ZMV.
Category: Classical Physics

[931] viXra:1609.0341 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-23 20:11:08

Modeling the "Falling Slinky"

Authors: James A. Smith
Comments: 25 Pages. Document is in Spanish

This document attempted to obtain analytical solutions for the "Falling Slinky" in three ways. The first two, which used the wave equation, failed for different reasons. The first attempt used Fourier series, which could not satisfy the initial and boundary conditions. The second attempt used Laplace transforms; this method did give a solution, which correctly predicted the acceleration of the center of mass, but which predicted that the upper part of the Slinky should "fall through" the lower part, which is impossible. This false prediction is not a defect of the use of Laplace transforms, but an artifact of the use of the wave equation to treat the falling Slinky, which is a shock-wave phenomenon. The third attempt at a solution used the impulse-momentum theorem, obtaining a result whose predictions are internally consistent, as well as agreeing with empirical results. However, we must point out that the model used here treats only the Slinky's longitudinal behavior, ignoring its torsional behavior.
Category: Classical Physics

[930] viXra:1609.0277 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-19 04:08:46

Equation for Orbital Distances of Rocky Planets is Found

Authors: Edgars Alksnis
Comments: 5 Pages. In Russian

Three forces, which according to author determine orbital distances of rocky planets are sufficiently deciphered here.
Category: Classical Physics

[929] viXra:1609.0231 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-15 13:04:27

An Oscillator

Authors: Prado, Pf
Comments: 1 Page.

tmeptive of oscilator model
Category: Classical Physics

[928] viXra:1609.0212 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-13 14:03:15

Coulomb's Law Equally Wrong with Newton's Law

Authors: Edgars Alksnis
Comments: 2 Pages. In Russian

Comparision of oddities in equations of electrostatic interaction of two charges and gravitational interaction of two masses show a mess in both.
Category: Classical Physics

[927] viXra:1609.0156 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-12 13:34:09

Physics ZMV. the Basics of New Physics

Authors: Mihail Vasile Zastavnitchi
Comments: 37 Pages. © Physics ZMV. The basics of new physics. Congress – 2016, Proceedings. Fundamental Problems in Natural Sciences and Engineering. Series: “Problems of Research of the Universe” Saint-Petersburg 2016, volume 37, issue 1, p. 232-260. ISSN 2304-0300.

Abstract The Beginning of the Beginning is the gravitational field. It is formed from gravitons in chaotic motion. The graviton is an elementary quantum of energy, when it is in the state of motion and an indivisible particle of mass, when it is in the state of rest. The mass is a conglomerate of gravitons in the state of rest, that is, of gravitons that gave up to the mass their kinetic energy. “Physics ZMV” is based on the idea of existence of the gravitational field independent of mass and the mass, created by the gravitational field, independent of the gravitational field. The masses are not attracted to each other. The potential energies of the gravitational field distorted by masses compresses the masses to their common center of mass. The compression of masses by gravitational field (distorted by masses) is named “Universal compression of masses”. Mass grows quantitatively due to gravitons, which gave to mass their kinetic energy (therefore have remained in the mass) and is heated by this energy. These phenomena are named „Growth of mass” and “Heating of mass” in the gravitational field. The motion of mass under the action of the inertia energy of the gravitational field is named "Motion of mass by inertia energy of the gravitational field". In gravitational field mass cannot move by inertia at a higher speed than the maximum speed, which corresponds to the given mass. Mass is not a function of its speed. The inertia energy of the gravitational field depends on the speed of mass. Mass, which has received rectilinear and rotational movement (axis of rotation is perpendicular to the vector rectilinear velocity), changes the volume of its parts, in synchronism with the rotational speed. This phenomenon is named “Flux and reflux of mass”. The gravitational field is propagation medium of the electromagnetic field. The speed at which the mass is moving under the action of a force in the space without gravitational field is directly proportional to the force and inversely proportional to the mass: F = zmV, where z – is a coefficient of proportionality. That’s why this Physics is named “Physics ZMV”.
Category: Classical Physics

[926] viXra:1609.0131 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-10 07:34:35

External-Jet (Fluid) Propulsion Analogy for Photonic (Laser) Propulsion

Authors: John R. Cipolla
Comments: 10 Pages.

External-jet propulsion uses a narrow jet of high velocity water or conceptually a bank of high power lasers to “blast” vehicles to high velocity. The original goal of this work was to create a design analogy for launching micro-sized laser-propelled probes to 20 percent of the speed of light to the nearest stars. This work also resulted in the practical capability to launch micro-craft on external jets of high velocity water having a mass of only 0.7 grams, which represents the smallest known reusable jet propelled vehicle in history. A sphere-cone projectile having a hollow interior shaped like a diverging nozzle demonstrated the concept of propelling projectiles to high velocity using the principal of conservation of linear momentum. An extremely narrow streamtube of high velocity water directed into the interior of a sphere-cone successfully demonstrated stable flight and high acceleration for an inherently unstable projectile.
Category: Classical Physics

[925] viXra:1609.0122 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-09 13:22:00

О вихрях солнечной системы/About Vortices of Solar System

Authors: Edgars Alksnis
Comments: 5 Pages. In Russian

Considerations about radial strenghts of vortices of solar system and counteracting gravity
Category: Classical Physics

[924] viXra:1609.0094 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-08 06:25:59

Эзотерика Эфира (парафизика)

Authors: Brazhnik Gennadyi
Comments: 183 Pages.

Сравнение эзотерических знаний и законов физического взаимодействия материализма дает порой неожиданные результаты восприятия реалий окружающей действительности. В рамках рубрики философии бытия настоящая книга, возможно, позволит читателю определиться с основными направлениями развития и совершенствования Сознания его Души.
Category: Classical Physics

[923] viXra:1608.0392 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-29 07:22:40

A New Law of Kinematics

Authors: Joseph Palazzo
Comments: 15 Pages.

Three laws of kinematics are identified. The first two were already known, and are presented with a slightly different perspective. However, the third law of kinematics is a new law of nature. And it states: for every elastic collisions, a free body with the higher kinetic energy can only gain energy from another body with lower kinetic energy, and the lower kinetic energy body will always gain energy from the higher kinetic energy body. Moreover, under general considerations from the theory of Special Relativity, a particle can decay into other particles only if there is a source of positive energy necessary to insure that the new particles have positive kinetic energy, which is why E=mc2 provides the source of this positive energy in the form of mass conversion into energy. Also this new kinematics leads to the reformulation of the 2nd law of thermodynamics which can now explain why heat only flows from a hot body to a cold body, and never the other way around, that a system left on its own will see its disorder increase in time, and that the entropy as defined according to Boltzmann tends to increase. The insight that we gain from this deeper concept which underlies the new law of kinematics and the reformulation of the second law of thermodynamics is that vacuum energy is a necessary condition for particles to pop out of the vacuum. However, this spells trouble for Hawking radiation as it has been formulated - it would lead to a violation of this new kinematics law. Surprisingly this new law of kinematics also sheds new insights into Planck’s ad hoc hypothesis, E = ħω, and why energy must be quantized. As a general conclusion, every dynamical theory must reconcile with this new kinematics.
Category: Classical Physics

[922] viXra:1608.0349 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-25 12:02:33

About a Definition in Time

Authors: Junnichi Fujii
Comments: 3 Pages.

The definition in time in the present-day physics is insufficient. Several problems which are to reconsider a definition in time and concern in time can be settled. This definition isn't inconsistent with general relativity. 4 are supposed. This isn't also inconsistent with general relativity. Mystery in the life expectancy of the neutron can be settled by this. Several dilemmas which concern at time can be settled. It's possible to deepen the understanding simpler than the one of the general relativity.
Category: Classical Physics

[921] viXra:1608.0161 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-16 04:48:50

Experiments Match Simulations in a Multiple Posts Reentrant Cavity

Authors: L. A. N. de Paula, M. Goryachev, M. E. Tobar
Comments: 7 Pages.

Microwave reentrant cavities are used for many applications in sciences and engineering. The potential for high mechanical tunability and high electric quality factors make them important tools in many areas. They are usually resonant cylindrical cavities with a central post which makes a small gap spacing with the cavity wall. By adding an arbitrary number of extra posts, they are generalized to a type of multiple posts reentrant cavity. This new approach has been theoretically studied but no experimental results have been presented. The main purpose of this work is to compare experimental modes with simulation ones from a reentrant cavity made of forty nine cylindrical posts . Each post could be moved using a screw in order to make a tunable gap spacing between the post top and the cavity cover. Eight different gap setups have been made making it possible to investigate thirty six different reentrant modes at room temperature. The lowest frequency percentage agreement between experiment and simulation was 91.31 % and the best one was 99.92 %. Taking into account all the modes, 94.44 % of them had agreement above 96 %. For the first time, an experimental check has been made. This makes the experimental procedure adopted here suitable to investigate the reentrant modes from multiple posts cavities. This new sort of cavities stands for a new technology and can have a wide range of applications once they can gather features of conventional cavities and extra ones.
Category: Classical Physics

[920] viXra:1608.0127 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-12 12:54:05

О взаимодействии двух масс/about Interaction of Two Masses

Authors: Edgars Alksnis
Comments: 4 Pages. in Russian

Interaction of two masses has been analysed within general frame of physics.
Category: Classical Physics

[919] viXra:1608.0067 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-06 08:07:12

Lectures on Geometrical Optics for Engineering and Medical Entrance Exam

Authors: Anuj Kumar Dubey
Comments: 196 Pages.

I have been involved from more than ten years in teaching as physics faculty for engineering and medical entrance exam such as IIT (Mains and Advanced)/AIPMT and foundation batch at +2 levels in India. During my interaction with engineering and medical aspirants I, realized that most feared topics in physics is geometrical optics especially in case of solving the numerical problems. Keeping this in mind, i have covered in general the syllabus of geometrical optics, especially for IIT (Mains and Advanced) entrance exam, in these Lecture Notes on “Geometrical Optics”. These lectures contains the topics such as; Basics of optics, laws of reflection and refraction, reflection from spherical mirrors, velocity of image in the plane and spherical mirror, refraction at plane surfaces, prism theory, refraction from curved surfaces, cut lenses, silvered lenses and combination of lenses and mirrors. I have given various numerical problems (fully solved) to discuss the concepts. Very little of these Lecture notes are wholly original. When I drew up notes, I decided from outset that I would collect together the best approaches to the material known to me. So fact is that many of approaches in these Lecture notes have been borrowed from one author or another, there is a little that I have written completely afresh. My intention has been to organize the material in such a way that it is the more readily accessible to majority of the students.
Category: Classical Physics

[918] viXra:1608.0047 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-04 16:38:39

Free Fall Through the Earth

Authors: Bengt Månsson
Comments: 18 Pages.

Free fall through the Earth, considered as a sphere of radially symmetric mass density, along the axis of rotation, is calculated using a general differential equation in newtonian gravity theory. The passage time is calculated and, further, the shape of the tunnel required if the fall is started at an arbitrary point other than a pole, so that the rotation of the Earth comes into play, is determined. Also a general relativistic case with constant density along the axis is considered. -- In this general form the article may also be of some pedagogical value.
Category: Classical Physics

[917] viXra:1607.0565 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-31 11:57:29

Physical Sense of the Formula E=mc2.

Authors: Vladislav Mirkin
Comments: 8 Pages.

There is very clear physical interpretation of this formula if we imagine that the space contains the ether moving between the particles of the matter. The ether fills the space between particles like water fills the any hole.
Category: Classical Physics

[916] viXra:1607.0562 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-30 17:17:54

The Mass Versus the Electric Charge of the Elctron

Authors: Hoa Van Nguyen
Comments: 08 Pages. 01 Figure

The mass of the electron is an invariant , i.e., it does not change with its velocity . We introduce the concept of variability of the electric charge to replace the old-fashioned concept of changing mass . We propose a thought experiment to prove this variability of the electric charge of the electron in a changing magnetic field .
Category: Classical Physics

[915] viXra:1607.0489 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-26 09:35:30

A Survey on Complex Networks

Authors: Aritra Sinha
Comments: 42 Pages.

The report aims to provide an introductory review on network science and a few particular networks. We emphasize on percolation through small world network where we look into the case of disease spreading through small world network.
Category: Classical Physics

[914] viXra:1607.0486 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-26 02:06:40

New Physics and Gravity Mechanism at Classical and Quantum Level.

Authors: Durgadas Datta.
Comments: 5 Pages. FOR PUBLICATION PLEASE

New physics and gravity due to FERMION GRAVITON with mass and BOSON GRAVITON WITH ZERO MASS.
Category: Classical Physics

[913] viXra:1607.0447 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-24 01:13:03

Note on the Free Fall Experiment of the Bremen Tower

Authors: Paris S. Miles-Brenden
Comments: 5 Pages. philosophy of physics, free fall, freefall, superconductivity, inertia, gravitation, gravity

A seemingly empty relation of physical law implicates a testable hypothesis of physics by contradiction in relation to the test of WEP.
Category: Classical Physics

[912] viXra:1607.0443 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-23 18:52:40

Continuous Atoms and The Propagation of Light

Authors: Roger Munday
Comments: 10 Pages.

Currently accepted theories of the structure of macroscopic matter fail to explain the transmission of gravity and of electro-magnetic radiation. These theories are therefore, in some fundamental aspects, false. Technologies available today demonstrate that the structure of solid matter is not one of discontinuous atoms. This paper suggests that they are not, as postulated, composed of almost entirely a "perfect vacuum" and are not separated by large volumes of 'empty space'.
Category: Classical Physics

[911] viXra:1607.0423 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-22 13:07:00

Inconsistency Solution of Maxwell's Equations

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 146 Pages.

A new solution of Maxwell equations for a vacuum, for wire with constant and alternating current, for the capacitor, for the sphere, etc. is presented. First it must be noted that the proof of the solution's uniqueness is based on the Law of energy conservation which is not observed (for instantaneous values) in the known solution. The solution offered: •Describes wave in vacuum and wave in wire; •Complies with the energy conservation law in each moment of time, i.e. sets constant density of electromagnetic energy flux; •Reveals phase shifting between electrical and magnetic intensities; •Explains existence of energy flux along the wire that is equal to the power consumed. The work offers some technical applications of the solution obtained. A detailed proof is given for interested readers.
Category: Classical Physics

[910] viXra:1607.0394 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-21 13:35:03

Arbitrary Dimensional User Interfaces

Authors: Frank Edughom Ekpar
Comments: 91 Pages. International Application Number: PCT/US2012/066159; International Publication Number: WO 2014/081420 A1

The present invention discloses an arbitrary dimensional graphical user interface permitting the display or presentation of one or more instances of the user interface on one or more arbitrarily-sized and arbitrarily-shaped surfaces with each instance comprising one or more arbitrary dimensional background elements each of which is divided into one or more arbitrarily-sized and arbitrarily-shaped arbitrary dimensional partitions, wherein each partition may contain one or more user interface elements and is associated with one or more sets of rules that define rendering, positioning, element placement and other relevant attributes and behaviors, wherein said rules can be specified in such a way as to enable said arbitrary dimensional background to assume any desired arbitrary shape and to facilitate expansion to any desired arbitrary size without distortion or loss in quality. In this context, an instance of a graphical user interface is any display or presentation of any representation of any aspect of the user interface. Furthermore, the present invention discloses automatic, semi-automatic or manual processing systems for arbitrary dimensional graphical user interfaces based on the principles of the present invention.
Category: Classical Physics

[909] viXra:1607.0390 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-21 10:02:22

The Evolution of the System of Gravitating Bodies

Authors: Kiryan D.G., Kiryan G.V.
Comments: 20 Pages. Russian

A natural physical approach to the analysis of the structure of closed gravitating systems has been formulated in the scope of classical mechanics. The approach is based on the interrelation between the densities of a sequence of nested spheres inscribed in the circular orbits of the system bodies. An empirical law has been defined for the evolution of closed gravitating systems differing in mass, size and distance from the Observer. Each gravitating system undergoes modifications and evolves from its initial state, namely, a kind of a gas-dust formation almost constant in density over the entire volume, to a certain nearly terminating phase of the process when the system structure becomes similar to that of a planetary one (like the Solar system) where almost all the gravitating mass is concentrated in the vicinity of the center of gravity. Using the proposed method of nested spheres, it is possible to reveal in the gravitating system rotation plane the character of the matter density radial distribution, quantitatively evaluate the density of medium where the gravitating system under consideration is located, and assess the current phase of the system evolution. The research results have led us to a conclusion that introduction into the scientific practice of such an entity as "dark matter" has no physical background since it is based on a wrong interpretation of an unordinary distribution of star orbital velocities in galaxies.
Category: Classical Physics

[908] viXra:1607.0202 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-17 21:31:31

Relativisic Mechnics in the Model of 4D Medium

Authors: Valery Skorobogatov
Comments: 4 Pages. It is on Russian and it is the third version of the paper.

Forthe model of 4D medium it was obtained the expressions compatible to those of Special Relativity. Also the common formulae for force fom which follows the paradox of braking. The body moving with the velocity close to the light speed can't decerate.
Category: Classical Physics

[907] viXra:1607.0175 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-15 03:43:11

Nature-Inspired Signal Processing

Authors: Frank Edughom Ekpar
Comments: 30 Pages. United States Patent Application Number 13/ 674,035: Publication Number US 2014/0135642 A1

The present invention establishes the foundational principles and practice for a unified theory of arbitrary information management by disclosing systems, devices and methods for the management of substrates or biological substrates. In this context, a substrate or biological substrate is any aspect of any entity that is capable of responding to or emitting or transmitting stimuli irrespective of Whether the stimuli actually emanate or originate from any aspect of the entity or not. Management of substrates or biological substrates could be achieved through the management of stimuli that modulate or moderate or influence any aspect of the substrate or biological substrate as well as through the management of any stimuli emanating from the substrate or biological substrate.
Category: Classical Physics

[906] viXra:1607.0130 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-10 22:03:41

Attempts to Detect the Torsion Field Nature of Scalar Wave Generated by Dual Tesla Coil System

Authors: Gao Peng
Comments: 7 Pages.

Scalar wave was found and used at first by Nikola Tesla in his wireless energy transmission experiment. Prof.K.Meyl extended the Maxwell equation and found the lost scalar wave part. The scalar wave theory proposed by Prof.K.Meyl indicates that the torsion field is the nature of scalar wave. This work attempts to detect the torsion field nature of scalar wave generated by the dual Tesla coil system, using the torsion balance consisting of a wooden frame. The result is positive and two kinds of torsion field including left-handed and right-handed are detected in dual Tesla coil system.
Category: Classical Physics

[905] viXra:1607.0050 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-05 05:20:36

The Problem of Slow-witted Aliens, or The Transverse Doppler Effect Simply Explained

Authors: Vadim N. Matvejev, Oleg V. Matvejev
Comments: 11 Pages.

The subject of this article is the dependence of observation results of the transverse Doppler effect on relative speed ascribed by an observer to himself.
Category: Classical Physics

[904] viXra:1607.0041 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-04 10:05:01

The Physical Medium of the Universal

Authors: Vladislav Mirkin, PhD
Comments: 14 Pages.

The transformation mechanism of principles of classical mechanics in statistical interpretation of the quantum theory are shown. Physical interpretation of the principle of uncertainty and the dimension of Planck’s constant (J/Hz instead J∙s) is given. Inexplicable before phenomenon, taking place in experiments and supervision, are explained.
Category: Classical Physics

[903] viXra:1607.0016 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-02 02:27:24

Why the Velocities of Material Bodies Cannot Achieve the Speed of Light in a Vacuum

Authors: Vadim N. Matvejev, Oleg V. Matvejev
Comments: 11 Pages.

A possible cause of the finiteness of the velocity of tangible objects is demonstrated without reference to the provisions of the special theory of relativity. A condition is formulated on the basis of which the assumption of the movement of tangible objects at any prescribed velocities proves to be self-contradictory in instances when the prescribed velocities of the objects exceed a certain value. This condition consists of the presence of interaction signals and carrier particles in material bodies that are propagated at a velocity greater than any prescribed velocity of the material bodies.
Category: Classical Physics

[902] viXra:1606.0340 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-30 09:26:08

Is Electric Field Vector Field or Covector Field?

Authors: Radi I. Khrapko
Comments: 3 Pages. nobody wants to know the difference between vector and covector.

There are different fields in electrodynamics: vector fields and covector fields.
Category: Classical Physics

[901] viXra:1606.0295 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-27 10:40:05

Elektrostatische Entsalzung Von Meerwasser

Authors: Herbert Weidner
Comments: 7 Pages. available also in English language

Durch elektrostatische Kraft werden Ionen an die Oberfläche von Elektroden gebunden, wodurch der Salzgehalt der Elektrolytflüssigkeit sinkt. Eine mehrstufige Entsalzungskaskade kann das Salz vollständig entfernen. Das Verfahren verwendet keine chemischen Umwandlungen und kann mit handelsüblichen Bauelementen gebaut werden.
Category: Classical Physics

[900] viXra:1606.0291 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-27 10:14:57

Electrostatic Desalination of Seawater

Authors: Herbert Weidner
Comments: 6 Pages.

By electrostatic force, ions are bound to the surface of electrodes, whereby the salt content of the electrolyte liquid decreases. A multistage cascade desalination can remove the ions completely. The process uses no chemical transformations and requires only conventional components.
Category: Classical Physics

[899] viXra:1606.0192 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-18 22:01:39

Methods and Instruments to Increase a Signal-to-Noise Ratio in the Image-Addressing-Based Torsion Field Communication

Authors: Mark Krinker
Comments: 5 Pages.

To increase a signal to noise ratio in Torsion Field Communication Sessions, the emitted spinning signal proposed to form directly from video signals of images of transmitter and receiver. The receiver contains a mixer/multiplier fed with an identical reference video signal and the signal of the sensor.
Category: Classical Physics

[898] viXra:1606.0170 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-16 18:07:43

A Phenomenon of Driving the Field Gyroscope up to Speed by a Light

Authors: Mark Krinker
Comments: 8 Pages.

The experiments with the Spinning Electric Vector Analyzer, SEVA, have revealed an integration-like process of gradual driving a localized spinning electromagnetic field up to speed. The spinning process was induced both incandescent and gas-discharge lamps in vicinity of the SEVA sensor. The experiments can be explained as manifestation of G.I. Shipov’s field of inertia associated with the Physical Vacuum. An original electromagnetic spinning field drives its vacuum partner up to speed, having a characteristic time constant which depends on the conditions of experiments. The similar driving-up-to-speed processes were noted for a wide class of other phenomena. The quantum nature of FG is obviously seen on the images from a screen of the oscilloscope as a manifestation of discrete orbits.
Category: Classical Physics

[897] viXra:1606.0102 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-11 03:29:04

Proposal for Measurement of Impurities in Any Liquid Media Inside the Flow Vessel Using Piezoelectric Sensing

Authors: Pragyaditya Das
Comments: 7 Pages.

In this proposal, I extend my idea on how do we sense and accurately measure the amount of impurities in any liquid media. I am planning on using the principles of Piezoelectric Sensing to do it. The basic idea is to use the voltage output from a piezoelectric strip (say S) to sense the amount of impurities (Say ImL) in the Liquid Media (say L). What I intend to do is, I would use an adhesive layer (say Ah) which would be reactive to the impurity we are trying to measure. I want to fix a layer of Ah on S. Then I would fix on end of S to the wall of the container in which the liquid is flowing. S will now act as a Cantilever Beam. Now, L flows through the pipe. The impurities present in L will settle and adhere on S, due to the adhesive property of Ah. The settling of impurities of some mass , will bend S and generate an output voltage (say V). Here the strip is acting like a cantilever beam.
Category: Classical Physics

[896] viXra:1606.0100 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-10 13:36:52

The Gravitational Constant May not be Constant: Correlation of Gravitational Constant Measurements with Ambient Gravitation

Authors: DT Froedge
Comments: 7 Pages. The scatter in the Gravitational Constant measurements may not be random

There is a long history of measuring the gravitational constant starting with Henry Cavendish in the 1700’s,[1], and in the last 15 years there has been a focused on refining the value with more modern technology, and precision instrumentation. Unfortunately the value is hard to pin down, and as the error bars of the various experiments at labs around the world get smaller the values are not the same and even the error bars are not overlapping. This paper evaluates the relation between the most precision measurements over the last 15 years, and the ambient gravitation at the location of the measurement. Although there may be some errors in the exact value of the ambient gravitation due to the exact location of the lab making the measurement, the errors are not significant enough to make a difference in the conclusion. There is a definite relationship between the measured gravitational constant and the ambient value of the background gravitation. This paper presents the data illustrating the correlation.
Category: Classical Physics

[895] viXra:1606.0070 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-07 12:43:20

[tlnomiva] : Transmission Line Nominal Values without Tolerance - from Cable Specifications and Technical Data Sheets : FLOSS for MS Windows

Authors: N. I. Yannopoulou, P. E. Zimourtopoulos
Comments: 30 Pages. FunkTechnikPlus # Journal, Issue 10 - Year 3, 31 May 2016, v1, 7-36, otoiser ftp#j

[[tlnomiva] is a visual software application developed by the authors for a transmission line characterization from the user's point of view. The numerical computations are based on the precise formulation within the distributed circuit coefficients model of a transmission line, which was theoretically developed by the authors and published in a previous paper. The use of [tlnomiva] is fully demonstrated by an example for the popular RG 214 coaxial cable. This application is Free Libre Open Source Software and provides an option for more detailed figures by calling the executable of the freely distributed source [wgnuplot].
Category: Classical Physics

[894] viXra:1606.0069 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-07 05:55:41

Convection Magnetic Currents? \\ Конвекционные магнитные токи?

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 3 Pages. in Russian

It proposed an experiment that could prove the existence of convection magnetic currents \\ Предлагается эксперимент, который мог бы доказать существование конвекционных магнитных токов
Category: Classical Physics

[893] viXra:1605.0301 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-30 08:08:56

On the Nature of Ball Lightning

Authors: Anatoly V. Belyakov
Comments: 6 Pages.

The author proposes a model of ball lightning based on a mechanistic interpretation of John Wheeler’s ideas. It is assumed that ball lightning is a quasi-particle that has the Planck mass and consists of closed contours, which in turn are based on the magnetic and gravity force balance. These contours are hard packed in a small volume of ball lightning, forming a multilayer capacitor containing a substantial charge and electrostatic energy. This paper provides calculations of characteristic parameters of ball lightning, which are well consistent with its phenomenology
Category: Classical Physics

[892] viXra:1605.0297 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-29 17:10:26

A Conceptual Design of an Interplanetary Exploration Spaceship with Electric High-Thrust Plasma-Propulsion of “Helios”-Type

Authors: Danny Kirmse
Comments: 8 Pages.

Nowadays and in the near future the spaceflight to the planets and moons of our solar system is one of the great challenges of space-technology. Whether robotic and manned to the Mars or on a large-scale exploration mission to the moons of Jupiter, a new kind of payload demands a next step in development of spaceflight technology. Not satellites but spacious ships have to bring extensive exploration equipment, landing vehicles, ground facilities or even human passengers to their interplanetary targets. Such space-vehicles need new kind of space-propulsion too; more than this, the development of adequate new propulsion is crucial for the realization of this kind of missions.
Category: Classical Physics

[891] viXra:1605.0295 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-29 19:47:39

Stabilization Principle in Dynamics.

Authors: Michail Zak
Comments: 21 Pages.

This paper introduces and illustrates the Stabilization Principle that provides a strategy for modeling post instability behavior in dynamics, including turbulence and chaos. It starts with investigation of different types of instability with the objective to demonstrate that stability is not a physical invariant since it depends upon the frame to which the motion of fluid is referred, upon the class of functions in which the governing equations are derived, est. The application of the Stabilization Principle to the Navier-Stokes equations is illustrated by closure of the Reynolds equations for the Poiseuille flow. Introduction.
Category: Classical Physics

[890] viXra:1605.0280 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-28 06:50:10

Second Mathematical Model of Ball Lightning \\ Вторая математическая модель шаровой молнии

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 15 Pages. in Russian

Based on the Maxwell's equations and on the understanding of the electrical conductivity of the body of ball lightning, a mathematical model of ball lightning is built; the structure of the electromagnetic field and of electric current in it is shown. Next it is shown (as a consequence of this model) that in a ball lightning the flow of electromagnetic energy can circulate and thus the energy obtained by a ball lightning when it occurs can be saved. Sustainability, luminescence, charge, time being, the mechanism of formation of ball lightning are briefly discussed. \\ На основе уравнений Максвелла и представления об электропроводности тела шаровой молнии строится математическая модель шаровой молнии, показывается структура электромагнитного поля и электротоков в ней. Далее показывается (как следствие этой модели), что в шаровой молнии может циркулировать поток электромагнитной энергии и таким образом может сохраняться энергия, полученная шаровой молнией при ее возникновении. Кратко рассматриваются также устойчивость, свечение, заряд, время существования, механизм образования.
Category: Classical Physics

[889] viXra:1605.0279 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-28 06:53:26

Second Mathematical Model of Ball Lightning

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 14 Pages.

Based on the Maxwell's equations and on the understanding of the electrical conductivity of the body of ball lightning, a mathematical model of ball lightning is built; the structure of the electromagnetic field and of electric current in it is shown. Next it is shown (as a consequence of this model) that in a ball lightning the flow of electromagnetic energy can circulate and thus the energy obtained by a ball lightning when it occurs can be saved. Sustainability, luminescence, charge, time being, the mechanism of formation of ball lightning are briefly discussed.
Category: Classical Physics

[888] viXra:1605.0246 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-24 02:19:29

New The Formula For Law Of Gravity

Authors: GuagSan Yu
Comments: 2 Pages.

Newton's second law and Newton's third law has proven to be wrong, then including the law of gravity into account, but also need make the appropriate modification. Following will be given the new formula the law of gravity, corresponding to the new calculations, a lot of specific data astronomical observations, may be subject to change. Such as mass of celestial bodies, and the size of gravity between celestial bodies, are likely to change. So far variety of astronomical data, should all be recalculated.
Category: Classical Physics

[887] viXra:1605.0227 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-22 04:25:55

(Chinese)New The Formula For Law Of Gravity

Authors: GuagSan Yu
Comments: 2 Pages. This paper is Chinese

Newton the second laws with Newton the third laws have been wrong by the proof, include the law of gravity so in the inside, also should be amended accordingly. Below will give new formula of the law of gravity, opposite to new calculation, a lot of particular datas that astronomy observation, all may have the changes. For example celestial body the mass, and the size of the gravitation of heavenly body, all may have the changes. Thereby every kind of astronomy data up to the present, all want afresh the calculation.
Category: Classical Physics

[886] viXra:1605.0226 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-21 16:11:11

Modern Classical Spin Dynamics

Authors: Edwin Eugene Klingman
Comments: 29 Pages.

Abstract: The near-century-old Stern-Gerlach experiment played an important role in the philosophy of quantum mechanics. 50 years ago Bell drew drastic conclusions about the nature of reality based on a model of Stern-Gerlach, yet most detailed analysis of spin in nonuniform magnetic fields has occurred post-Bell. Recent focus on work in non-equilibrium thermo¬dynamics has potential significance for quantum mechanics so we develop a spin dynamical analysis of work in an inhomogeneous field. A small angle approximation analysis is performed. We derive a novel Stern-Gerlach gradient threshold relation and a decay rate for precession in a non-uniform field. The theory is compared to a quantum analysis and an experiment to test this theory is proposed.
Category: Classical Physics

[885] viXra:1605.0186 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-18 02:50:42

Simulation of The Motive Power Generator With CST Studio Suite

Authors: Simon A. Olanipekun
Comments: 15 Pages.

CST Studio Suite is used to simulate and analyse the Motive Power Generator disclosed here http://vixra.org/abs/1509.0093?ref=8576640 Here are the links to the simulation videos: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CpOt4BnlMic https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2GAxXWzCjT4 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nyXWJyMziR4
Category: Classical Physics

[884] viXra:1605.0122 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-12 03:08:09

The Periodic Table Form Possible to Coincide with a Proton Distribution

Authors: Jianping Mao
Comments: 16 Pages. A correspondence between the very short 1, short 2-3, long 4-5, very long 6-7 periods and basic, light, mid, heavy nuclei implies that the periodic table is an amplifying nuclear shape to some extent.

The periodic table form seems to coincide with a folding nuclear structure, a distribution of protons (nucleons) nearly the same as Lewis dot structure, which will grow vertical 4 A (representative), 4 B (transition) and 8 C (inner transition) α-clusters bound with valency neutron (excess neutron, ~ A﹣2Z) to stand a core (1st period) of likely expanding in Co, Ni, Rh and Pd. In a typical fission of 235U+n→137Ba+97Kr+2n, 137Ba and 97Kr mass difference is suggested to result from the 16 α-clusters cleft into 9:7 (±1 A α-cluster, 5 α × 2 = 40) and 2n release from valency neutrons in its cleft line; also, cleft into 15:1 implies to point to that α (1 C ≥ 4He) and cluster (1 B ≥ 12C, 1 A ≥ 20Ne) decay. To cross nuclei, atoms and molecules, here is a way that may enable us closer to nature of the periodic table, the periodic law of dominating their behaviors.
Category: Classical Physics

[883] viXra:1605.0068 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-05 20:46:51

An Experimental Set up for Detecting Weber’s Second Order of Magnetic Force

Authors: Abhilash Janardhanan Pillai
Comments: 4 Pages.

Weber’s equation of electrodynamics predicts a force which is proportional to the second order of relative velocity between charges in motion. However it is still debated on the existence of this force. This article proposes an experiment that could detect and measure this force.
Category: Classical Physics

[882] viXra:1604.0374 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-29 02:59:36

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Charged Capacitor

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 9 Pages.

The electromagnetic wave is shown to propagate in a charged capacitor with the mathematical description of this wave being a solution to the Maxwell equations. It is demonstrated that there is a stationary flow of electromagnetic energy in the charged capacitor, and the energy accumulated in the capacitor which is known as the potential electric energy, is the electromagnetic energy stored in the capacitor in the form of stationary flow.
Category: Classical Physics

[881] viXra:1604.0371 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-28 12:50:32

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Spherical Capacitor and the Nature of Earth Magnetism

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 14 Pages.

A solution of the Maxwell equations for the electromagnetic wave in a spherical capacitor which is included in an alternating current circuit or in an constant current circuit is proposed. A hypothesis of the Earth magnetism nature is presented on the basis of this solution.
Category: Classical Physics

[880] viXra:1604.0355 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-26 14:36:02

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Spherical Capacitor and the Nature of Earth Magnetism \\ Электромагнитная волна в сферическом конденсаторе и природа Земного магнетизма

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 14 Pages. in Russian

A solution of the Maxwell equations for the electromagnetic wave in a spherical capacitor which is included in an alternating current circuit or in an constant current circuit is proposed. A hypothesis of the Earth magnetism nature is presented on the basis of this solution. \\ Предлагается решение уравнений Максвелла для электромагнитной волны в сферическом конденсаторе который включен в цепь переменного или постоянного тока. На основе этого решения предлагается гипотеза о природе Земного магнетизма.
Category: Classical Physics

[879] viXra:1604.0343 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-25 12:56:32

Enigmatic Spin Momentum of Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 21 Pages.

In a recent theoretical paper, a group from the RIKEN Center for Emergent Matter Science in Japan showed that momentum density in non-uniform optical fields has an unusual component, which is orthogonal to the propagation direction of light and is proportional to the optical spin, which means the degree of circular polarization. They predicted that this spin momentum would produce a transverse spin-dependent optical force, a few orders of magnitude weaker than the usual radiation pressure. [15] Converting a single photon from one color, or frequency, to another is an essential tool in quantum communication, which harnesses the subtle correlations between the subatomic properties of photons (particles of light) to securely store and transmit information. Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have now developed a miniaturized version of a frequency converter, using technology similar to that used to make computer chips. [14] Harnessing the power of the sun and creating light-harvesting or light-sensing devices requires a material that both absorbs light efficiently and converts the energy to highly mobile electrical current. Finding the ideal mix of properties in a single material is a challenge, so scientists have been experimenting with ways to combine different materials to create "hybrids" with enhanced features. [13] Condensed-matter physicists often turn to particle-like entities called quasiparticles—such as excitons, plasmons, magnons—to explain complex phenomena. Now Gil Refael from the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena and colleagues report the theoretical concept of the topological polarition, or “topolariton”: a hybrid half-light, half-matter quasiparticle that has special topological properties and might be used in devices to transport light in one direction. [12] Solitons are localized wave disturbances that propagate without changing shape, a result of a nonlinear interaction that compensates for wave packet dispersion. Individual solitons may collide, but a defining feature is that they pass through one another and emerge from the collision unaltered in shape, amplitude, or velocity, but with a new trajectory reflecting a discontinuous jump. Working with colleagues at the Harvard-MIT Center for Ultracold Atoms, a group led by Harvard Professor of Physics Mikhail Lukin and MIT Professor of Physics Vladan Vuletic have managed to coax photons into binding together to form molecules – a state of matter that, until recently, had been purely theoretical. The work is described in a September 25 paper in Nature. New ideas for interactions and particles: This paper examines the possibility to origin the Spontaneously Broken Symmetries from the Planck Distribution Law. This way we get a Unification of the Strong, Electromagnetic, and Weak Interactions from the interference occurrences of oscillators. Understanding that the relativistic mass change is the result of the magnetic induction we arrive to the conclusion that the Gravitational Force is also based on the electromagnetic forces, getting a Unified Relativistic Quantum Theory of all 4 Interactions.
Category: Classical Physics

[878] viXra:1604.0304 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-22 09:23:47

List 5.2 of Bolonkin’s Publications in 2007-2015 (Loading is Free):

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 104 Pages.

Contains the List 5.2 of Bolonkin’s scientific researches, works, articles and books written or published in 2007-2015 and free links to them.
Category: Classical Physics

[877] viXra:1604.0281 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-19 06:09:40

The Extra-Terrestrial Pendulum in the Gravity Field

Authors: Miroslav Pardy
Comments: 4 Pages. Our project is cheaper that Hawking-Milner project

The motion of the mathematical extra-terrestrial pendulum is considered in the spherical gravitational field. The potential energy of the pendulum bob is approximated by the linear term mgh and additional quadratical term in h, where h is height of the pendulum bob over the reference point. The nonlinear equation of motion of pendulum is solved by the Landau- Migdal method to obtain the frequency of motion and the swing amplitude. While the Foucault pendulum bob moves over the sand surface, our pendulum bob moves in ionosphere. It is not excluded that the pendulum project will be the integral part of the NASA cosmical physics.
Category: Classical Physics

[876] viXra:1604.0278 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-18 19:53:36

Simple Equation for the Free-Fall Time in Air

Authors: Roman Vinokur
Comments: 8 Pages.

One of the most popular topics of physics is the free fall. The first systematic studies was done by Galilei (who allegedly dropped various bodies off the Leaning Tower of Pisa) and Huygens [1]. It should be interesting for students to estimate and compare the free-fall time in vacuum and air. The free vertical fall with quadratic air resistance is well studied analytically [2 - 4, etc.] but the accurate equation for the free-fall time in air is cumbersome for use and interpretation. In this paper, the free-fall time in air is calculated using the new dimensionless number mentioned as the Galilei-Huygens number, a combination of the falling body mass and effective cross-section area, air density, and air drag coefficient. As shown, in most practical cases the free-fall time in air can be closely approximated as the product of the free-fall time in vacuum and a linear function of the Galilei-Huygens number. To illustrate the accuracy of this simple equation, the free-fall time is calculated for various spherical bodies (ping-pong and tennis balls, hailstones, basketball, and track-and-field men’s shot) if dropped off the Leaning Tower of Pisa.
Category: Classical Physics

[875] viXra:1604.0277 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-18 20:00:10

Simple Theory of Thermal Failure in Electric Circuits with a Negative Temperature Coefficient of Resistance

Authors: Roman Vinokur
Comments: 6 Pages.

Using a simple mathematical model (with the final quadratic equation), the paper clearly illustrates elevated risks of thermal failure in the electric systems with a negative temperature coefficient of resistance (in particular, for the electronics elements made of carbon and semiconductors). If the temperature coefficient of resistance is positive, the thermal equilibrium exists at any temperature below the melting point. But if the temperature coefficient of resistance is negative, there are three potential cases depending on cooling: (1) for a relatively low cooling rate, a thermal equilibrium is not feasible and the temperature goes up unlimitedly; (2) for a relatively high cooling rate, there are two thermal equilibrium states, stable and unstable; (3) in the borderline case, there is just one unstable thermal equilibrium. As known, the heat produced in an undercooled electric circuit elevates a risk of thermal failure (for instance, Central Processing Units can generate a notable heat and crash if overheated). Such a risk is higher in the electric circuits with negative temperature coefficients of resistance [1-4], in particular for the elements made of semiconductors (silicon, germanium, etc.). The goal is to illustrate the relevant thermal effects using a simple engineering theory.
Category: Classical Physics

[874] viXra:1604.0269 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-18 10:41:25

Definition in Time

Authors: Junnichi Fujii
Comments: LibreOffice5.0 pdf, 5 pages, 4 figures, Japanese.

現代物理における時間の定義は, フォトンによる電磁相互作用 (光速やセシウムの励起)に依存しているが, 時間の定義としては十分ではない. 4つの仮定のもとで, 時間の定義を, 「時間=作用可能なボソン数」と定義することで, 時間にまつわる6つの問題を, 解決または説明できることを示す. 1つめは, 時間の逆行を原理的に否定できることである. 2つめは, 相対性理論における重力と加速度の等価性をより簡潔に説明できることである. 3つめは, 重力によって時間が遅れることを, 直接的に説明できることである. 4つめは, 空間の歪みをより簡潔に説明できることである. 5つめは, 一般相対性理論の, 強重力下での計算不可能性に対する提案である. 6つめは, 一般相対性理論の, 量子サイズでの計算不可能性に対する提案である.
Category: Classical Physics

[873] viXra:1604.0154 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-09 21:28:11

Wireless Power Amplifier via Short Dipoles

Authors: Xiaodong Liu, Qichang Liang, Yu Liang
Comments: 5 Pages.

A device of power amplifier is invented by coupling a pair of short dipoles or a relay series of short dipoles. The short dipole refers to electric dipole with length less than half wavelength. The short dipole has characteristics of stronger interaction and lower self-resistance. The short dipoles also present complex mutual impedance due to near-field effects. The reflected impedance from the receiver to the transmitter is tuned to pure reactive impedance, which is cancelled out by adding opposite reactive impedance so that the reflected impedance to the transmitter is zero. The induced current in the receiver is larger than the initial current in the transmitter due to the higher mutual impedance and lower self-resistance so that the power is amplified sequentially in relay mode.
Category: Classical Physics

[872] viXra:1604.0151 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-09 04:32:48

The Electromagnetic Wave in the Dielectric and Magnetic Circuit of Alternating Current

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 12 Pages.

A solution to the Maxwell equations for dielectric and magnetic circuit of alternating current is presented. The structure of currents and energy flow is examined.
Category: Classical Physics

[871] viXra:1604.0061 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-05 03:44:52

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Charged Capacitor \\ Электромагнитная волна в заряженном конденсаторе

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 9 Pages. in Russian

It is shown that in a chargeable capacitor spreads an electromagnetic wave, and the mathematical description of the wave is the solution of Maxwell's equations. It is shown that there in charged capacitor stationary flux of electromagnetic energy exist. The energy contained in the capacitor, which is considered to be the electric potential energy, it is electromagnetic energy, which in the capacitor as a stationary flow is stored. \\ Показывается, что в заряжаемом конденсаторе распространяется электромагнитная волна, а математическое описание этой волны является решение уравнений Максвелла. Показывается, что в заряженном конденсаторе существует стационарный поток электромагнитной энергии, а та энергия, которая содержится в конденсаторе и которую принято считать электрической потенциальной энергией, является электромагнитной энергией, хранящейся в конденсаторе в виде стационарного потока.
Category: Classical Physics

[870] viXra:1604.0019 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-03 08:35:10

The Electromagnetic Wave in the Dielectric and Magnetic Circuit of Alternating Current \\ Электромагнитная волна в диэлектрической и магнитной цепи переменного тока

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 13 Pages. in Russian

A solution of Maxwell equations for dielectric and magnetic circuit of alternating current is presented. The structure of currents and energy flows is reviewed. \\ Предлагается решение уравнений Максвелла для диэлектрической и магнитной цепи переменного тока. Рассматривается структура токов и потоков энергии.
Category: Classical Physics

Replacements of recent Submissions

[392] viXra:1609.0156 [pdf] replaced on 2016-09-19 12:56:09

Physics ZMV. The Basics of New Physics

Authors: Mihail Vasile Zastavnitchi
Comments: 37 Pages. © Physics ZMV. The basics of new physics. Congress – 2016, Proceedings. Fundamental Problems in Natural Sciences and Engineering. Series: “Problems of Research of the Universe” Saint-Petersburg 2016, volume 37, issue 1, p. 232-260. ISSN 2304-0300.

The Beginning of the Beginning is the gravitational field. It is formed of gravitons in chaotic motion. The graviton is an elementary quantum of energy, when it is in the state of motion and an indivisible particle of mass, when it is in the state of rest. The mass is a conglomerate of gravitons in the state of rest, that is, the gravitons that gave to the mass their kinetic energy. “Physics ZMV” is based on the idea of existence of the gravitational field independent of mass and the mass, created by the gravitational field, independent of the gravitational field. The masses are not attracted to each other. The potential energies of the gravitational field distorted by masses compresses the masses to their common center of mass. The compression of masses by gravitational field (distorted by masses) is named “Universal compression of masses”. Mass grows quantitatively due to gravitons, which gave to mass their kinetic energy (therefore have remained in the mass) and is heated by this energy. These phenomena are named „Growth of mass” and “Heating of mass” in the gravitational field. The motion of mass under the action of the inertia energy of the gravitational field is named "Motion of mass by inertia energy of the gravitational field". In gravitational field mass cannot move by inertia at a higher speed than the maximum speed, which corresponds to the given mass. Mass is not a function of its speed. The inertia energy of the gravitational field depends on the speed of mass. The inertia energy of the gravitational field is equal to the difference between the potential energy of the gravitational field in the back and in the front side of the mass in motion. Mass, which has received rectilinear and rotational movement (axis of rotation is perpendicular to the vector rectilinear velocity), changes the volume of its parts, in synchronism with the rotational speed. This phenomenon is named “Flux and reflux of mass”. The gravitational field is propagation medium of the electromagnetic field. The speed at which the mass is moving under the action of a force in the space without gravitational field is directly proportional to the force and inversely proportional to the mass: F = zmV, where z – is a coefficient of proportionality. That’s why this Physics is named “Physics ZMV”.
Category: Classical Physics

[391] viXra:1609.0131 [pdf] replaced on 2016-09-26 08:21:11

External-Jet (Fluid) Propulsion Analogy for Photonic (Laser) Propulsion

Authors: John R. Cipolla
Comments: 10 Pages.

External-jet propulsion uses a narrow jet of high velocity water or conceptually a bank of high power lasers to “blast” vehicles to high velocity. The original goal of this work was to create a design analogy for launching micro-sized laser-propelled probes to 20 percent of the speed of light to the nearest stars. This work also resulted in the practical capability to launch micro-craft on external jets of high velocity water having a mass of only 0.7 grams, which represents the smallest known reusable jet propelled vehicle in history. A sphere-cone projectile having a hollow interior shaped like a diverging nozzle demonstrated the concept of propelling projectiles to high velocity using the principal of conservation of linear momentum. An extremely narrow streamtube of high velocity water directed into the interior of a sphere-cone successfully demonstrated stable flight and high acceleration for an inherently unstable projectile.
Category: Classical Physics

[390] viXra:1607.0423 [pdf] replaced on 2016-09-02 16:03:16

Inconsistency Solution of Maxwell's Equations

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 152 Pages.

A new solution of Maxwell equations for a vacuum, for wire with constant and alternating current, for the capacitor, for the sphere, etc. is presented. First it must be noted that the proof of the solution's uniqueness is based on the Law of energy conservation which is not observed (for instantaneous values) in the known solution. The solution offered: •Describes wave in vacuum and wave in wire; •Complies with the energy conservation law in each moment of time, i.e. sets constant density of electromagnetic energy flux; •Reveals phase shifting between electrical and magnetic intensities; •Explains existence of energy flux along the wire that is equal to the power consumed. The work offers some technical applications of the solution obtained. A detailed proof is given for interested readers.
Category: Classical Physics

[389] viXra:1607.0390 [pdf] replaced on 2016-09-23 16:26:42

The Evolution of the System of Gravitating Bodies

Authors: Kiryan D.G., Kiryan G.V.
Comments: 20 Pages. 9 Figures, 3 Tables, Russian

A natural physical approach to the analysis of the structure of closed gravitating systems has been formulated in the scope of classical mechanics. The approach is based on the interrelation between the densities of a sequence of nested spheres inscribed in the circular orbits of the system bodies. An empirical law has been defined for the evolution of closed gravitating systems differing in mass, size and distance from the Observer. Each gravitating system undergoes modifications and evolves from its initial state, namely, a kind of a gas-dust formation almost constant in density over the entire volume, to a certain nearly terminating phase of the process when the system structure becomes similar to that of a planetary one (like the Solar system) where almost all the gravitating mass is concentrated in the vicinity of the center of gravity. Using the proposed method of nested spheres, it is possible to reveal in the gravitating system rotation plane the character of the matter density radial distribution, quantitatively evaluate the density of medium where the gravitating system under consideration is located, and assess the current phase of the system evolution. The research results have led us to a conclusion that introduction into the scientific practice of such an entity as "dark matter" has no physical background since it is based on a wrong interpretation of an unordinary distribution of star orbital velocities in galaxies.
Category: Classical Physics

[388] viXra:1607.0202 [pdf] replaced on 2016-07-18 08:06:02

Релятивистская механика в модели 4D-среды

Authors: Valeriy Skorobogatov
Comments: 4 Pages. Устранена ошибка

В модели четырехмерной среды определена функция Лагранжа для вихря, которая имеет тот же вид, что и функция Лагранжа свободной частицы в теории относительности. В дополнении приведена формула для общего выражения силы.
Category: Classical Physics

[387] viXra:1606.0331 [pdf] replaced on 2016-07-03 07:07:15

Specific Features of Time Dilation During Circular Movement

Authors: Vadim N. Matvejev, Oleg V. Matvejev
Comments: 9 Pages.

The paper considers observations of the transverse Doppler effect by an observer located in the center of a circle with a large diameter and observers, who are in motion at relativistic velocity around a circle. Keywords: special relativity, transverse Doppler effect, aberration of light, blueshift, redshift
Category: Classical Physics

[386] viXra:1606.0330 [pdf] replaced on 2016-07-03 03:06:42

Задача о недогадливых пришельцах, или популярное изложение поперечного эффекта Доплера.

Authors: Vadim N. Matvejev, Oleg V. Matvejev
Comments: 11 Pages. In Russian

В статье рассматривается зависимость результатов наблюдения поперечного эффекта Доплера от приписанной себе наблюдателем относительной скорости. The article discusses the dependence of the results of observation of the transverse Doppler effect from attributed to an observer relative velocity .
Category: Classical Physics

[385] viXra:1606.0100 [pdf] replaced on 2016-06-10 22:57:43

The Gravitational Constant May not be Constant: Correlation of Gravitational Constant Measurements with Ambient Gravitation

Authors: DT Froedge
Comments: 7 Pages. The scatter in the Gravitational Constant measurements may not be random

There is a long history of measuring the gravitational constant starting with Henry Cavendish in the 1700’s,[1], and in the last 15 years there has been a focused on refining the value with more modern technology, and precision instrumentation. Unfortunately the value is hard to pin down, and as the error bars of the various experiments at labs around the world get smaller the values are not the same and even the error bars are not overlapping. This paper evaluates the relation between the most precision measurements over the last 15 years, and the ambient gravitation at the location of the measurement. Although there may be some errors in the exact value of the ambient gravitation due to the exact location of the lab making the measurement, the errors are not significant enough to make a difference in the conclusion. There is a definite relationship between the measured gravitational constant and the ambient value of the background gravitation. This paper presents the data illustrating the correlation.
Category: Classical Physics

[384] viXra:1605.0246 [pdf] replaced on 2016-07-16 22:46:01

New The Formula For Law Of Gravity

Authors: GuagSan Yu
Comments: 2 Pages.

Newton's second law and Newton's third law has proven to be wrong, then including the law of gravity into account, but also need make the appropriate modification. Following will be given the new formula the law of gravity, corresponding to the new calculations, a lot of specific data astronomical observations, may be subject to change. Such as mass of celestial bodies, and the size of gravity between celestial bodies, are likely to change. So far variety of astronomical data, should all be recalculated.
Category: Classical Physics

[383] viXra:1605.0227 [pdf] replaced on 2016-07-16 22:38:02

(Chinese)New The Formula For Law Of Gravity

Authors: GuagSan Yu
Comments: 2 Pages. This paper is Chinese

Newton the second laws with Newton the third laws have been wrong by the proof, include the law of gravity so in the inside, also should be amended accordingly. Below will give new formula of the law of gravity, opposite to new calculation, a lot of particular datas that astronomy observation, all may have the changes. For example celestial body the mass, and the size of the gravitation of heavenly body, all may have the changes. Thereby every kind of astronomy data up to the present, all want afresh the calculation.
Category: Classical Physics

[382] viXra:1605.0122 [pdf] replaced on 2016-09-20 01:09:29

The Periodic Table Shape Possible to Coincide with a Proton Distribution

Authors: Jianping Mao
Comments: 17 Pages. A correspondence between the very short 1, short 2-3, long 4-5, very long 6-7 periods and basic, light, mid, heavy nuclei reveals that the periodic table is an amplifying shape of atomic nuclei to some extent.

The periodic table shape seems to coincide with a folding crystal structure of atomic nuclei, an orderly distribution of protons (nucleons) nearly the same as Lewis dot structure, which will grow vertical 4 A (representative), 4 B (transition) and 8 C (inner transition) α-clusters bound with valence neutrons (excess neutrons, ~ A﹣2Z) to stand a core (1st period) of likely expanding in Co, Ni, Rh and Pd. In a typical fission of 235U+n→137Ba+97Kr+2n, 137Ba and 97Kr mass difference is suggested to result from the 16 α-clusters cleft into 9:7 (±1 A α-cluster, 5 α × 2 = 40) and 2n release from valence neutrons in its cleft line; also, cleft into 15:1 implies to point to that α-cluster (1 C ≥ 4He, 1 B ≥ 12C, 1 A ≥ 20Ne) decay. To cross nuclei, atoms and molecules, here a way may enable us closer to nature of the periodic table, the periodic law of dominating their behaviors.
Category: Classical Physics

[381] viXra:1605.0122 [pdf] replaced on 2016-06-21 02:00:06

The Periodic Table Shape Possible to Coincide with a Proton Distribution

Authors: Jianping Mao
Comments: 16 Pages. A correspondence between the very short 1, short 2-3, long 4-5, very long 6-7 periods and basic, light, mid, heavy nuclei reveals that the periodic table is an amplifying shape of atomic nuclei to some extent.

The periodic table shape seems to coincide with a folding crystal structure of atomic nuclei, an orderly distribution of protons (nucleons) nearly the same as Lewis dot structure, which will grow vertical 4 A (representative), 4 B (transition) and 8 C (inner transition) α-clusters bound with valency neutrons (excess neutrons, ~ A﹣2Z) to stand a core (1st period) of likely expanding in Co, Ni, Rh and Pd. In a typical fission of 235U+n→137Ba+97Kr+2n, 137Ba and 97Kr mass difference is suggested to result from the 16 α-clusters cleft into 9:7 (±1 A α-cluster, 5 α × 2 = 40) and 2n release from valency neutrons in its cleft line; also, cleft into 15:1 implies to point to that α-cluster (1 C ≥ 4He, 1 B ≥ 12C, 1 A ≥ 20Ne) decay. To cross nuclei, atoms and molecules, here a way may enable us closer to nature of the periodic table, the periodic law of dominating their behaviors.
Category: Classical Physics

[380] viXra:1604.0371 [pdf] replaced on 2016-05-28 06:34:03

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Spherical Capacitor and the Nature of Earth Magnetism

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 21 Pages.

A solution of the Maxwell equations for the electromagnetic wave in a spherical capacitor which is included in an alternating current circuit or in an constant current circuit is proposed. A hypothesis of the Earth magnetism nature is presented on the basis of this solution.
Category: Classical Physics

[379] viXra:1604.0371 [pdf] replaced on 2016-05-23 13:49:26

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Spherical Capacitor and the Nature of Earth Magnetism

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 21 Pages.

A solution of the Maxwell equations for the electromagnetic wave in a spherical capacitor which is included in an alternating current circuit or in an constant current circuit is proposed. A hypothesis of the Earth magnetism nature is presented on the basis of this solution.
Category: Classical Physics

[378] viXra:1604.0371 [pdf] replaced on 2016-05-11 10:21:04

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Spherical Capacitor and the Nature of Earth Magnetism

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 19 Pages.

A solution of the Maxwell equations for the electromagnetic wave in a spherical capacitor which is included in an alternating current circuit or in an constant current circuit is proposed. A hypothesis of the Earth magnetism nature is presented on the basis of this solution.
Category: Classical Physics

[377] viXra:1604.0355 [pdf] replaced on 2016-05-28 06:32:33

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Spherical Capacitor and the Nature of Earth Magnetism \\ Электромагнитная волна в сферическом конденсаторе и природа Земного магнетизма

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 21 Pages.

A solution of the Maxwell equations for the electromagnetic wave in a spherical capacitor which is included in an alternating current circuit or in an constant current circuit is proposed. A hypothesis of the Earth magnetism nature is presented on the basis of this solution. \\ Предлагается решение уравнений Максвелла для электромагнитной волны в сферическом конденсаторе который включен в цепь переменного или постоянного тока. На основе этого решения предлагается гипотеза о природе Земного магнетизма.
Category: Classical Physics

[376] viXra:1604.0355 [pdf] replaced on 2016-05-23 14:20:58

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Spherical Capacitor and the Nature of Earth Magnetism \\ Электромагнитная волна в сферическом конденсаторе и природа Земного магнетизма

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 21 Pages.

A solution of the Maxwell equations for the electromagnetic wave in a spherical capacitor which is included in an alternating current circuit or in an constant current circuit is proposed. A hypothesis of the Earth magnetism nature is presented on the basis of this solution. \\ Предлагается решение уравнений Максвелла для электромагнитной волны в сферическом конденсаторе который включен в цепь переменного или постоянного тока. На основе этого решения предлагается гипотеза о природе Земного магнетизма.
Category: Classical Physics

[375] viXra:1604.0355 [pdf] replaced on 2016-05-11 10:18:48

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Spherical Capacitor and the Nature of Earth Magnetism \\ Электромагнитная волна в сферическом конденсаторе и природа Земного магнетизма

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 20 Pages.

A solution of the Maxwell equations for the electromagnetic wave in a spherical capacitor which is included in an alternating current circuit or in an constant current circuit is proposed. A hypothesis of the Earth magnetism nature is presented on the basis of this solution. \\ Предлагается решение уравнений Максвелла для электромагнитной волны в сферическом конденсаторе который включен в цепь переменного или постоянного тока. На основе этого решения предлагается гипотеза о природе Земного магнетизма.
Category: Classical Physics

[374] viXra:1604.0355 [pdf] replaced on 2016-05-06 13:57:15

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Spherical Capacitor and the Nature of Earth Magnetism \\ Электромагнитная волна в сферическом конденсаторе и природа Земного магнетизма

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 15 Pages.

A solution of the Maxwell equations for the electromagnetic wave in a spherical capacitor which is included in an alternating current circuit or in an constant current circuit is proposed. A hypothesis of the Earth magnetism nature is presented on the basis of this solution. \\ Предлагается решение уравнений Максвелла для электромагнитной волны в сферическом конденсаторе который включен в цепь переменного или постоянного тока. На основе этого решения предлагается гипотеза о природе Земного магнетизма.
Category: Classical Physics

[373] viXra:1604.0355 [pdf] replaced on 2016-04-28 06:39:45

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Spherical Capacitor and the Nature of Earth Magnetism \\ Электромагнитная волна в сферическом конденсаторе и природа Земного магнетизма

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 15 Pages.

A solution of the Maxwell equations for the electromagnetic wave in a spherical capacitor which is included in an alternating current circuit or in an constant current circuit is proposed. A hypothesis of the Earth magnetism nature is presented on the basis of this solution. \\ Предлагается решение уравнений Максвелла для электромагнитной волны в сферическом конденсаторе который включен в цепь переменного или постоянного тока. На основе этого решения предлагается гипотеза о природе Земного магнетизма.
Category: Classical Physics

[372] viXra:1604.0061 [pdf] replaced on 2016-05-08 06:34:22

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Charged Capacitor \\ Электромагнитная волна в заряженном конденсаторе

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 10 Pages.

It is shown that in a chargeable capacitor spreads an electromagnetic wave, and the mathematical description of the wave is the solution of Maxwell's equations. It is shown that there in charged capacitor stationary flux of electromagnetic energy exist. The energy contained in the capacitor, which is considered to be the electric potential energy, it is electromagnetic energy, which in the capacitor as a stationary flow is stored. \\ Показывается, что в заряжаемом конденсаторе распространяется электромагнитная волна, а математическое описание этой волны является решение уравнений Максвелла. Показывается, что в заряженном конденсаторе существует стационарный поток электромагнитной энергии, а та энергия, которая содержится в конденсаторе и которую принято считать электрической потенциальной энергией, является электромагнитной энергией, хранящейся в конденсаторе в виде стационарного потока.
Category: Classical Physics