Classical Physics

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Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed further down

[899] viXra:1606.0192 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-18 22:01:39

Methods and Instruments to Increase a Signal-to-Noise Ratio in the Image-Addressing-Based Torsion Field Communication

Authors: Mark Krinker
Comments: 5 Pages.

To increase a signal to noise ratio in Torsion Field Communication Sessions, the emitted spinning signal proposed to form directly from video signals of images of transmitter and receiver. The receiver contains a mixer/multiplier fed with an identical reference video signal and the signal of the sensor.
Category: Classical Physics

[898] viXra:1606.0170 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-16 18:07:43

A Phenomenon of Driving the Field Gyroscope up to Speed by a Light

Authors: Mark Krinker
Comments: 8 Pages.

The experiments with the Spinning Electric Vector Analyzer, SEVA, have revealed an integration-like process of gradual driving a localized spinning electromagnetic field up to speed. The spinning process was induced both incandescent and gas-discharge lamps in vicinity of the SEVA sensor. The experiments can be explained as manifestation of G.I. Shipov’s field of inertia associated with the Physical Vacuum. An original electromagnetic spinning field drives its vacuum partner up to speed, having a characteristic time constant which depends on the conditions of experiments. The similar driving-up-to-speed processes were noted for a wide class of other phenomena. The quantum nature of FG is obviously seen on the images from a screen of the oscilloscope as a manifestation of discrete orbits.
Category: Classical Physics

[897] viXra:1606.0102 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-11 03:29:04

Proposal for Measurement of Impurities in Any Liquid Media Inside the Flow Vessel Using Piezoelectric Sensing

Authors: Pragyaditya Das
Comments: 7 Pages.

In this proposal, I extend my idea on how do we sense and accurately measure the amount of impurities in any liquid media. I am planning on using the principles of Piezoelectric Sensing to do it. The basic idea is to use the voltage output from a piezoelectric strip (say S) to sense the amount of impurities (Say ImL) in the Liquid Media (say L). What I intend to do is, I would use an adhesive layer (say Ah) which would be reactive to the impurity we are trying to measure. I want to fix a layer of Ah on S. Then I would fix on end of S to the wall of the container in which the liquid is flowing. S will now act as a Cantilever Beam. Now, L flows through the pipe. The impurities present in L will settle and adhere on S, due to the adhesive property of Ah. The settling of impurities of some mass , will bend S and generate an output voltage (say V). Here the strip is acting like a cantilever beam.
Category: Classical Physics

[896] viXra:1606.0100 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-10 13:36:52

The Gravitational Constant May not be Constant: Correlation of Gravitational Constant Measurements with Ambient Gravitation

Authors: DT Froedge
Comments: 7 Pages. The scatter in the Gravitational Constant measurements may not be random

There is a long history of measuring the gravitational constant starting with Henry Cavendish in the 1700’s,[1], and in the last 15 years there has been a focused on refining the value with more modern technology, and precision instrumentation. Unfortunately the value is hard to pin down, and as the error bars of the various experiments at labs around the world get smaller the values are not the same and even the error bars are not overlapping. This paper evaluates the relation between the most precision measurements over the last 15 years, and the ambient gravitation at the location of the measurement. Although there may be some errors in the exact value of the ambient gravitation due to the exact location of the lab making the measurement, the errors are not significant enough to make a difference in the conclusion. There is a definite relationship between the measured gravitational constant and the ambient value of the background gravitation. This paper presents the data illustrating the correlation.
Category: Classical Physics

[895] viXra:1606.0070 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-07 12:43:20

[tlnomiva] : Transmission Line Nominal Values without Tolerance - from Cable Specifications and Technical Data Sheets : FLOSS for MS Windows

Authors: N. I. Yannopoulou, P. E. Zimourtopoulos
Comments: 30 Pages. FunkTechnikPlus # Journal, Issue 10 - Year 3, 31 May 2016, v1, 7-36, otoiser ftp#j

[[tlnomiva] is a visual software application developed by the authors for a transmission line characterization from the user's point of view. The numerical computations are based on the precise formulation within the distributed circuit coefficients model of a transmission line, which was theoretically developed by the authors and published in a previous paper. The use of [tlnomiva] is fully demonstrated by an example for the popular RG 214 coaxial cable. This application is Free Libre Open Source Software and provides an option for more detailed figures by calling the executable of the freely distributed source [wgnuplot].
Category: Classical Physics

[894] viXra:1606.0069 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-07 05:55:41

Convection Magnetic Currents? \\ Конвекционные магнитные токи?

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 3 Pages. in Russian

It proposed an experiment that could prove the existence of convection magnetic currents \\ Предлагается эксперимент, который мог бы доказать существование конвекционных магнитных токов
Category: Classical Physics

[893] viXra:1605.0301 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-30 08:08:56

On the Nature of Ball Lightning

Authors: Anatoly V. Belyakov
Comments: 6 Pages.

The author proposes a model of ball lightning based on a mechanistic interpretation of John Wheeler’s ideas. It is assumed that ball lightning is a quasi-particle that has the Planck mass and consists of closed contours, which in turn are based on the magnetic and gravity force balance. These contours are hard packed in a small volume of ball lightning, forming a multilayer capacitor containing a substantial charge and electrostatic energy. This paper provides calculations of characteristic parameters of ball lightning, which are well consistent with its phenomenology
Category: Classical Physics

[892] viXra:1605.0297 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-29 17:10:26

A Conceptual Design of an Interplanetary Exploration Spaceship with Electric High-Thrust Plasma-Propulsion of “Helios”-Type

Authors: Danny Kirmse
Comments: 8 Pages.

Nowadays and in the near future the spaceflight to the planets and moons of our solar system is one of the great challenges of space-technology. Whether robotic and manned to the Mars or on a large-scale exploration mission to the moons of Jupiter, a new kind of payload demands a next step in development of spaceflight technology. Not satellites but spacious ships have to bring extensive exploration equipment, landing vehicles, ground facilities or even human passengers to their interplanetary targets. Such space-vehicles need new kind of space-propulsion too; more than this, the development of adequate new propulsion is crucial for the realization of this kind of missions.
Category: Classical Physics

[891] viXra:1605.0295 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-29 19:47:39

Stabilization Principle in Dynamics.

Authors: Michail Zak
Comments: 21 Pages.

This paper introduces and illustrates the Stabilization Principle that provides a strategy for modeling post instability behavior in dynamics, including turbulence and chaos. It starts with investigation of different types of instability with the objective to demonstrate that stability is not a physical invariant since it depends upon the frame to which the motion of fluid is referred, upon the class of functions in which the governing equations are derived, est. The application of the Stabilization Principle to the Navier-Stokes equations is illustrated by closure of the Reynolds equations for the Poiseuille flow. Introduction.
Category: Classical Physics

[890] viXra:1605.0280 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-28 06:50:10

Second Mathematical Model of Ball Lightning \\ Вторая математическая модель шаровой молнии

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 15 Pages. in Russian

Based on the Maxwell's equations and on the understanding of the electrical conductivity of the body of ball lightning, a mathematical model of ball lightning is built; the structure of the electromagnetic field and of electric current in it is shown. Next it is shown (as a consequence of this model) that in a ball lightning the flow of electromagnetic energy can circulate and thus the energy obtained by a ball lightning when it occurs can be saved. Sustainability, luminescence, charge, time being, the mechanism of formation of ball lightning are briefly discussed. \\ На основе уравнений Максвелла и представления об электропроводности тела шаровой молнии строится математическая модель шаровой молнии, показывается структура электромагнитного поля и электротоков в ней. Далее показывается (как следствие этой модели), что в шаровой молнии может циркулировать поток электромагнитной энергии и таким образом может сохраняться энергия, полученная шаровой молнией при ее возникновении. Кратко рассматриваются также устойчивость, свечение, заряд, время существования, механизм образования.
Category: Classical Physics

[889] viXra:1605.0279 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-28 06:53:26

Second Mathematical Model of Ball Lightning

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 14 Pages.

Based on the Maxwell's equations and on the understanding of the electrical conductivity of the body of ball lightning, a mathematical model of ball lightning is built; the structure of the electromagnetic field and of electric current in it is shown. Next it is shown (as a consequence of this model) that in a ball lightning the flow of electromagnetic energy can circulate and thus the energy obtained by a ball lightning when it occurs can be saved. Sustainability, luminescence, charge, time being, the mechanism of formation of ball lightning are briefly discussed.
Category: Classical Physics

[888] viXra:1605.0246 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-24 02:19:29

New The Formula For Law Of Gravity

Authors: GuagSan Yu
Comments: 2 Pages.

Newton's second law and Newton's third law has proven to be wrong, then including the law of gravity into account, but also need make the appropriate modification. Following will be given the new formula the law of gravity, corresponding to the new calculations, a lot of specific data astronomical observations, may be subject to change. Such as mass of celestial bodies, and the size of gravity between celestial bodies, are likely to change. So far variety of astronomical data, should all be recalculated.
Category: Classical Physics

[887] viXra:1605.0227 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-22 04:25:55

(Chinese)New The Formula For Law Of Gravity

Authors: GuagSan Yu
Comments: 2 Pages. This paper is Chinese

Newton the second laws with Newton the third laws have been wrong by the proof, include the law of gravity so in the inside, also should be amended accordingly. Below will give new formula of the law of gravity, opposite to new calculation, a lot of particular datas that astronomy observation, all may have the changes. For example celestial body the mass, and the size of the gravitation of heavenly body, all may have the changes. Thereby every kind of astronomy data up to the present, all want afresh the calculation.
Category: Classical Physics

[886] viXra:1605.0226 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-21 16:11:11

Modern Classical Spin Dynamics

Authors: Edwin Eugene Klingman
Comments: 29 Pages.

Abstract: The near-century-old Stern-Gerlach experiment played an important role in the philosophy of quantum mechanics. 50 years ago Bell drew drastic conclusions about the nature of reality based on a model of Stern-Gerlach, yet most detailed analysis of spin in nonuniform magnetic fields has occurred post-Bell. Recent focus on work in non-equilibrium thermo¬dynamics has potential significance for quantum mechanics so we develop a spin dynamical analysis of work in an inhomogeneous field. A small angle approximation analysis is performed. We derive a novel Stern-Gerlach gradient threshold relation and a decay rate for precession in a non-uniform field. The theory is compared to a quantum analysis and an experiment to test this theory is proposed.
Category: Classical Physics

[885] viXra:1605.0186 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-18 02:50:42

Simulation of The Motive Power Generator With CST Studio Suite

Authors: Simon A. Olanipekun
Comments: 15 Pages.

CST Studio Suite is used to simulate and analyse the Motive Power Generator disclosed here http://vixra.org/abs/1509.0093?ref=8576640 Here are the links to the simulation videos: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CpOt4BnlMic https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2GAxXWzCjT4 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nyXWJyMziR4
Category: Classical Physics

[884] viXra:1605.0122 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-12 03:08:09

The Periodic Table Form Possible to Coincide with a Proton Distribution

Authors: Jianping Mao
Comments: 16 Pages. A correspondence between the very short 1, short 2-3, long 4-5, very long 6-7 periods and basic, light, mid, heavy nuclei implies that the periodic table is an amplifying nuclear shape to some extent.

The periodic table form seems to coincide with a folding nuclear structure, a distribution of protons (nucleons) nearly the same as Lewis dot structure, which will grow vertical 4 A (representative), 4 B (transition) and 8 C (inner transition) α-clusters bound with valency neutron (excess neutron, ~ A﹣2Z) to stand a core (1st period) of likely expanding in Co, Ni, Rh and Pd. In a typical fission of 235U+n→137Ba+97Kr+2n, 137Ba and 97Kr mass difference is suggested to result from the 16 α-clusters cleft into 9:7 (±1 A α-cluster, 5 α × 2 = 40) and 2n release from valency neutrons in its cleft line; also, cleft into 15:1 implies to point to that α (1 C ≥ 4He) and cluster (1 B ≥ 12C, 1 A ≥ 20Ne) decay. To cross nuclei, atoms and molecules, here is a way that may enable us closer to nature of the periodic table, the periodic law of dominating their behaviors.
Category: Classical Physics

[883] viXra:1605.0068 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-05 20:46:51

An Experimental Set up for Detecting Weber’s Second Order of Magnetic Force

Authors: Abhilash Janardhanan Pillai
Comments: 4 Pages.

Weber’s equation of electrodynamics predicts a force which is proportional to the second order of relative velocity between charges in motion. However it is still debated on the existence of this force. This article proposes an experiment that could detect and measure this force.
Category: Classical Physics

[882] viXra:1604.0374 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-29 02:59:36

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Charged Capacitor

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 9 Pages.

The electromagnetic wave is shown to propagate in a charged capacitor with the mathematical description of this wave being a solution to the Maxwell equations. It is demonstrated that there is a stationary flow of electromagnetic energy in the charged capacitor, and the energy accumulated in the capacitor which is known as the potential electric energy, is the electromagnetic energy stored in the capacitor in the form of stationary flow.
Category: Classical Physics

[881] viXra:1604.0371 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-28 12:50:32

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Spherical Capacitor and the Nature of Earth Magnetism

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 14 Pages.

A solution of the Maxwell equations for the electromagnetic wave in a spherical capacitor which is included in an alternating current circuit or in an constant current circuit is proposed. A hypothesis of the Earth magnetism nature is presented on the basis of this solution.
Category: Classical Physics

[880] viXra:1604.0355 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-26 14:36:02

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Spherical Capacitor and the Nature of Earth Magnetism \\ Электромагнитная волна в сферическом конденсаторе и природа Земного магнетизма

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 14 Pages. in Russian

A solution of the Maxwell equations for the electromagnetic wave in a spherical capacitor which is included in an alternating current circuit or in an constant current circuit is proposed. A hypothesis of the Earth magnetism nature is presented on the basis of this solution. \\ Предлагается решение уравнений Максвелла для электромагнитной волны в сферическом конденсаторе который включен в цепь переменного или постоянного тока. На основе этого решения предлагается гипотеза о природе Земного магнетизма.
Category: Classical Physics

[879] viXra:1604.0343 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-25 12:56:32

Enigmatic Spin Momentum of Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 21 Pages.

In a recent theoretical paper, a group from the RIKEN Center for Emergent Matter Science in Japan showed that momentum density in non-uniform optical fields has an unusual component, which is orthogonal to the propagation direction of light and is proportional to the optical spin, which means the degree of circular polarization. They predicted that this spin momentum would produce a transverse spin-dependent optical force, a few orders of magnitude weaker than the usual radiation pressure. [15] Converting a single photon from one color, or frequency, to another is an essential tool in quantum communication, which harnesses the subtle correlations between the subatomic properties of photons (particles of light) to securely store and transmit information. Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have now developed a miniaturized version of a frequency converter, using technology similar to that used to make computer chips. [14] Harnessing the power of the sun and creating light-harvesting or light-sensing devices requires a material that both absorbs light efficiently and converts the energy to highly mobile electrical current. Finding the ideal mix of properties in a single material is a challenge, so scientists have been experimenting with ways to combine different materials to create "hybrids" with enhanced features. [13] Condensed-matter physicists often turn to particle-like entities called quasiparticles—such as excitons, plasmons, magnons—to explain complex phenomena. Now Gil Refael from the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena and colleagues report the theoretical concept of the topological polarition, or “topolariton”: a hybrid half-light, half-matter quasiparticle that has special topological properties and might be used in devices to transport light in one direction. [12] Solitons are localized wave disturbances that propagate without changing shape, a result of a nonlinear interaction that compensates for wave packet dispersion. Individual solitons may collide, but a defining feature is that they pass through one another and emerge from the collision unaltered in shape, amplitude, or velocity, but with a new trajectory reflecting a discontinuous jump. Working with colleagues at the Harvard-MIT Center for Ultracold Atoms, a group led by Harvard Professor of Physics Mikhail Lukin and MIT Professor of Physics Vladan Vuletic have managed to coax photons into binding together to form molecules – a state of matter that, until recently, had been purely theoretical. The work is described in a September 25 paper in Nature. New ideas for interactions and particles: This paper examines the possibility to origin the Spontaneously Broken Symmetries from the Planck Distribution Law. This way we get a Unification of the Strong, Electromagnetic, and Weak Interactions from the interference occurrences of oscillators. Understanding that the relativistic mass change is the result of the magnetic induction we arrive to the conclusion that the Gravitational Force is also based on the electromagnetic forces, getting a Unified Relativistic Quantum Theory of all 4 Interactions.
Category: Classical Physics

[878] viXra:1604.0304 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-22 09:23:47

List 5.2 of Bolonkin’s Publications in 2007-2015 (Loading is Free):

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 104 Pages.

Contains the List 5.2 of Bolonkin’s scientific researches, works, articles and books written or published in 2007-2015 and free links to them.
Category: Classical Physics

[877] viXra:1604.0281 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-19 06:09:40

The Extra-Terrestrial Pendulum in the Gravity Field

Authors: Miroslav Pardy
Comments: 4 Pages. Our project is cheaper that Hawking-Milner project

The motion of the mathematical extra-terrestrial pendulum is considered in the spherical gravitational field. The potential energy of the pendulum bob is approximated by the linear term mgh and additional quadratical term in h, where h is height of the pendulum bob over the reference point. The nonlinear equation of motion of pendulum is solved by the Landau- Migdal method to obtain the frequency of motion and the swing amplitude. While the Foucault pendulum bob moves over the sand surface, our pendulum bob moves in ionosphere. It is not excluded that the pendulum project will be the integral part of the NASA cosmical physics.
Category: Classical Physics

[876] viXra:1604.0278 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-18 19:53:36

Simple Equation for the Free-Fall Time in Air

Authors: Roman Vinokur
Comments: 8 Pages.

One of the most popular topics of physics is the free fall. The first systematic studies was done by Galilei (who allegedly dropped various bodies off the Leaning Tower of Pisa) and Huygens [1]. It should be interesting for students to estimate and compare the free-fall time in vacuum and air. The free vertical fall with quadratic air resistance is well studied analytically [2 - 4, etc.] but the accurate equation for the free-fall time in air is cumbersome for use and interpretation. In this paper, the free-fall time in air is calculated using the new dimensionless number mentioned as the Galilei-Huygens number, a combination of the falling body mass and effective cross-section area, air density, and air drag coefficient. As shown, in most practical cases the free-fall time in air can be closely approximated as the product of the free-fall time in vacuum and a linear function of the Galilei-Huygens number. To illustrate the accuracy of this simple equation, the free-fall time is calculated for various spherical bodies (ping-pong and tennis balls, hailstones, basketball, and track-and-field men’s shot) if dropped off the Leaning Tower of Pisa.
Category: Classical Physics

[875] viXra:1604.0277 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-18 20:00:10

Simple Theory of Thermal Failure in Electric Circuits with a Negative Temperature Coefficient of Resistance

Authors: Roman Vinokur
Comments: 6 Pages.

Using a simple mathematical model (with the final quadratic equation), the paper clearly illustrates elevated risks of thermal failure in the electric systems with a negative temperature coefficient of resistance (in particular, for the electronics elements made of carbon and semiconductors). If the temperature coefficient of resistance is positive, the thermal equilibrium exists at any temperature below the melting point. But if the temperature coefficient of resistance is negative, there are three potential cases depending on cooling: (1) for a relatively low cooling rate, a thermal equilibrium is not feasible and the temperature goes up unlimitedly; (2) for a relatively high cooling rate, there are two thermal equilibrium states, stable and unstable; (3) in the borderline case, there is just one unstable thermal equilibrium. As known, the heat produced in an undercooled electric circuit elevates a risk of thermal failure (for instance, Central Processing Units can generate a notable heat and crash if overheated). Such a risk is higher in the electric circuits with negative temperature coefficients of resistance [1-4], in particular for the elements made of semiconductors (silicon, germanium, etc.). The goal is to illustrate the relevant thermal effects using a simple engineering theory.
Category: Classical Physics

[874] viXra:1604.0269 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-18 10:41:25

Definition in Time

Authors: Junnichi Fujii
Comments: LibreOffice5.0 pdf, 5 pages, 4 figures, Japanese.

現代物理における時間の定義は, フォトンによる電磁相互作用 (光速やセシウムの励起)に依存しているが, 時間の定義としては十分ではない. 4つの仮定のもとで, 時間の定義を, 「時間=作用可能なボソン数」と定義することで, 時間にまつわる6つの問題を, 解決または説明できることを示す. 1つめは, 時間の逆行を原理的に否定できることである. 2つめは, 相対性理論における重力と加速度の等価性をより簡潔に説明できることである. 3つめは, 重力によって時間が遅れることを, 直接的に説明できることである. 4つめは, 空間の歪みをより簡潔に説明できることである. 5つめは, 一般相対性理論の, 強重力下での計算不可能性に対する提案である. 6つめは, 一般相対性理論の, 量子サイズでの計算不可能性に対する提案である.
Category: Classical Physics

[873] viXra:1604.0154 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-09 21:28:11

Wireless Power Amplifier via Short Dipoles

Authors: Xiaodong Liu, Qichang Liang, Yu Liang
Comments: 5 Pages.

A device of power amplifier is invented by coupling a pair of short dipoles or a relay series of short dipoles. The short dipole refers to electric dipole with length less than half wavelength. The short dipole has characteristics of stronger interaction and lower self-resistance. The short dipoles also present complex mutual impedance due to near-field effects. The reflected impedance from the receiver to the transmitter is tuned to pure reactive impedance, which is cancelled out by adding opposite reactive impedance so that the reflected impedance to the transmitter is zero. The induced current in the receiver is larger than the initial current in the transmitter due to the higher mutual impedance and lower self-resistance so that the power is amplified sequentially in relay mode.
Category: Classical Physics

[872] viXra:1604.0151 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-09 04:32:48

The Electromagnetic Wave in the Dielectric and Magnetic Circuit of Alternating Current

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 12 Pages.

A solution to the Maxwell equations for dielectric and magnetic circuit of alternating current is presented. The structure of currents and energy flow is examined.
Category: Classical Physics

[871] viXra:1604.0061 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-05 03:44:52

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Charged Capacitor \\ Электромагнитная волна в заряженном конденсаторе

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 9 Pages. in Russian

It is shown that in a chargeable capacitor spreads an electromagnetic wave, and the mathematical description of the wave is the solution of Maxwell's equations. It is shown that there in charged capacitor stationary flux of electromagnetic energy exist. The energy contained in the capacitor, which is considered to be the electric potential energy, it is electromagnetic energy, which in the capacitor as a stationary flow is stored. \\ Показывается, что в заряжаемом конденсаторе распространяется электромагнитная волна, а математическое описание этой волны является решение уравнений Максвелла. Показывается, что в заряженном конденсаторе существует стационарный поток электромагнитной энергии, а та энергия, которая содержится в конденсаторе и которую принято считать электрической потенциальной энергией, является электромагнитной энергией, хранящейся в конденсаторе в виде стационарного потока.
Category: Classical Physics

[870] viXra:1604.0019 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-03 08:35:10

The Electromagnetic Wave in the Dielectric and Magnetic Circuit of Alternating Current \\ Электромагнитная волна в диэлектрической и магнитной цепи переменного тока

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 13 Pages. in Russian

A solution of Maxwell equations for dielectric and magnetic circuit of alternating current is presented. The structure of currents and energy flows is reviewed. \\ Предлагается решение уравнений Максвелла для диэлектрической и магнитной цепи переменного тока. Рассматривается структура токов и потоков энергии.
Category: Classical Physics

[869] viXra:1603.0427 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-31 21:06:44

Теория эволюции Вселенной. Физика процесса/Theory of the Evolution of the Universe. Physics’s of Process

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 19 Pages. In Russian Robert Yusupov © Theory of the evolution of the Universe. Physics’s of process

В настоящей статье представлена авторская модель эволюционного развития Вселенной (YRA-модель) и представлен график этой модели. Сама Вселенная рассматривается, как составная часть единого тандема «Сингулярность – Вселенная» (СВ). Этот тандем представляет собой единый материальный космологический объект. Это динамический эволюционирующий объект. В его основе лежит движущаяся материя. Эволюционный путь развития тандема СВ и Вселенной конечен во времени и ограничен в пространстве. Вселенная возникла из Сингулярности много лет назад и уйдёт в небытие (в Сингулярность) через много лет в будущем. Новая рожденная Вселенная повторит тот же самый, что и предшествующая, но всё же свой уникальный, собственный цикл эволюционного развития. Это будет другая Вселенная, и это будет другая эволюция. Окончание эволюции нашей Вселенной в далёком будущем завершится Большим вселенским схлопом (БВС), когда вся материя Вселенной за один миг собирается или «схлопывывается» в Сингулярности. Этот Большой вселенский схлоп (БВС) в свою очередь станет материальным «первотолчком» для начала новой эволюции новой Вселенной. Таков циклический путь эволюции, эволюционного развития Вселенной. Это закон природы. Природа – это объективная материальная реальность, первичная сущность. Ничего в материальном мире, окружающем нас, стоящего вне природы, за природой, над природой нет. Нет никакого наблюдателя за природой. В природе нет никакого бога, никакого дьявола, никакой абсолютной идеи, никакой вселенской воли! В природе есть только материя и законы ее движения и развития! Эта статья также, как и все другие мои статьи, размещённые на этом сайте (vixra.org), являются препринтами. ---------- Ключевые слова: природа, материя, Вселенная, Сингулярность, абсолютное вселенское время, абсолютный возраст Вселенной, крупица материи. ---------- In the present article the author's model of evolutionary development of the Universe (YRA-model) and a graph of this model are presented. The Universe is considered, how a component of a uniform tandem of the «Singularity – Universe» (SU). This tandem represents the uniform material (from the word matter) cosmology object. It is the dynamic dialectic evolving object. In its basis the moving matter lies. The evolutionary way of the development of the tandem SU and the whole Universe are limited in the time. The tandem SU and the whole Universe is limited in the volume and space. The Universe has arisen from the Singularity many years ago and will leave in a non-existence (into the Singularity) in many years in the future. The new born Universe will repeat the same, as previous, but nevertheless the unique own cycle of evolutionary development. It will be a new and other Universe and it will be a new and other evolution. The termination of the evolution of our Universe in the far future will come to the end Big Universal Skhlop (or Shift) (BUS), when the whole matter of the Universe for one instant gathers or shifts into the Singularity. This Big Universal Skhlop (or Shift) (BUS) in turn becomes the first matter impulse to start new evolution of the new Universe. Such is a cyclic way of the evolutionary development of the Universe. It is the nature law. Nature is an objective material (from the word matter) reality, the primary entity. Nothing in the material world around us standing outside of the nature or behind of the nature or above the nature is present. There is no observer of the nature. In the nature there is no god, no devil, no absolute idea, no universal will. In nature there is only matter and laws of its motion and development! This article also, as well as all other my articles placed on this site (vixra.org), are the pre-prints. ---------- Keywords: nature, matter, the Universe, the Singularity, absolute universal time, absolute age of the Universe, atom of the matter.
Category: Classical Physics

[868] viXra:1603.0423 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-31 14:57:47

Unified Description of All Force

Authors: Junichi Hashimoto
Comments: 27 pages

This universe is the so-called "clockwork organization". If a metagalaxy is compared to "clock", each "part" of which that's composed will be each object (galaxy, star, elements and atom). Those have to be equipped with the individuality in the purpose which is the organization. It's possible to be continuing this universe by existence's with the peculiar feature in the size, the mass and speed harmonizing in one structure. The natural world is formed by such harmony principle. If it's so, to elucidate such mechanizm of harmony has to be the main purpose of physical science. Certainly, physicists were approaching mystery of its harmony sharply under the vision as action through medium. But the try didn't succeed. Such try was effective by the part, but maybe that couldn't finish catching the natural true form. So I stand as the vision as action at a distance and have advanced a study originally. Each members in this world considered to be harmonized each other by exerting the force each other by action at a distance, and "relationship physics" was produced newly. As a result, I succeeded to explain all force which exists in the natural world in one structure.
Category: Classical Physics

[867] viXra:1603.0406 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-30 08:27:44

Universe Discrete and Reality Granular

Authors: Alberto Coe
Comments: 12 Pages.

Is reality continuous or discrete ? As for the matter and the energy , both are composed of concrete elements : photons , electrons , molecules…Therefore it is pertinent to ask whether spacetime is made of any type of discrete , elementary ingredients . A preliminary approach to this issue is presented . It consists of numerical and geometric equivalences. The introduction of few parameters will help us to analyze some physical and cosmological subjects.
Category: Classical Physics

[866] viXra:1603.0319 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-21 23:53:44

(Chinese)transcend the Conservation Law

Authors: GuangSan Yu
Comments: 9 Pages. This paper is Chinese

In turn kinetics of the classical mechanics, there is a serious error, namely the notion of the torque. Via the arm of force that vary the torque, can vary the dimension of the force, this is wrong. But turn kinetics and whole theory system, is to regard the notion of this kind of torque as the foundation, moreover establish create. Thereupon, the hitherto of thereinto the turn kinetics, abound the multifarious mistake. In complete of the slewing kinetics of the inertia locomotion, the notion of the torque is meaningless. That with torque extraordinary resemble react, the is other concept Inertia-torque. Inertia-torque is mass and arm of force product at object or particle. Similar in this way through rectification after, the slewing kinetics will have the grand change. And thereupon we can also achieve, versus physics several celebrated conservation law of the exceed. The world science will have a grand advancement.
Category: Classical Physics

[865] viXra:1603.0260 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-18 06:48:23

The Electromagnetic Wave in Alternating Current Wire

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 18 Pages.

A solution of Maxwell equations for alternating current wire is presented. The structure of currents and energy flows is reviewed.
Category: Classical Physics

[864] viXra:1603.0246 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-16 14:17:53

Not Contradictory Solution of Maxwell's Equations \\ Непротиворечивое решение уравнений Максвелла

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 71 Pages. in Russian

A new solution of Maxwell's equations for vacuum and for wire is presented. First it must be noted that the proof of the solution's uniqueness is based on the Law of energy conservation which is not observed (for instantaneous values) in the known solution. The presented solution does not violate the Law of energy conservation. Besides, in this solution the electrical and magnetic components of intensity are shifted in phase. Technical applications of this decision is reviewed. \\ Предлагается новое решение уравнений Максвелла для вакуума и для провода с постоянным и переменным током. Предварительно отмечается, что доказательство единственности известного решения основано на законе сохранения энергии, который не соблюдается (для мгновенных значений) в известном решении. Рассматриваются технические приложения полученного решения.
Category: Classical Physics

Replacements of recent Submissions

[375] viXra:1606.0100 [pdf] replaced on 2016-06-10 22:57:43

The Gravitational Constant May not be Constant: Correlation of Gravitational Constant Measurements with Ambient Gravitation

Authors: DT Froedge
Comments: 7 Pages. The scatter in the Gravitational Constant measurements may not be random

There is a long history of measuring the gravitational constant starting with Henry Cavendish in the 1700’s,[1], and in the last 15 years there has been a focused on refining the value with more modern technology, and precision instrumentation. Unfortunately the value is hard to pin down, and as the error bars of the various experiments at labs around the world get smaller the values are not the same and even the error bars are not overlapping. This paper evaluates the relation between the most precision measurements over the last 15 years, and the ambient gravitation at the location of the measurement. Although there may be some errors in the exact value of the ambient gravitation due to the exact location of the lab making the measurement, the errors are not significant enough to make a difference in the conclusion. There is a definite relationship between the measured gravitational constant and the ambient value of the background gravitation. This paper presents the data illustrating the correlation.
Category: Classical Physics

[374] viXra:1605.0122 [pdf] replaced on 2016-06-21 02:00:06

The Periodic Table Shape Possible to Coincide with a Proton Distribution

Authors: Jianping Mao
Comments: 16 Pages. A correspondence between the very short 1, short 2-3, long 4-5, very long 6-7 periods and basic, light, mid, heavy nuclei reveals that the periodic table is an amplifying shape of atomic nuclei to some extent.

The periodic table shape seems to coincide with a folding crystal structure of atomic nuclei, an orderly distribution of protons (nucleons) nearly the same as Lewis dot structure, which will grow vertical 4 A (representative), 4 B (transition) and 8 C (inner transition) α-clusters bound with valency neutrons (excess neutrons, ~ A﹣2Z) to stand a core (1st period) of likely expanding in Co, Ni, Rh and Pd. In a typical fission of 235U+n→137Ba+97Kr+2n, 137Ba and 97Kr mass difference is suggested to result from the 16 α-clusters cleft into 9:7 (±1 A α-cluster, 5 α × 2 = 40) and 2n release from valency neutrons in its cleft line; also, cleft into 15:1 implies to point to that α-cluster (1 C ≥ 4He, 1 B ≥ 12C, 1 A ≥ 20Ne) decay. To cross nuclei, atoms and molecules, here a way may enable us closer to nature of the periodic table, the periodic law of dominating their behaviors.
Category: Classical Physics

[373] viXra:1604.0371 [pdf] replaced on 2016-05-28 06:34:03

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Spherical Capacitor and the Nature of Earth Magnetism

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 21 Pages.

A solution of the Maxwell equations for the electromagnetic wave in a spherical capacitor which is included in an alternating current circuit or in an constant current circuit is proposed. A hypothesis of the Earth magnetism nature is presented on the basis of this solution.
Category: Classical Physics

[372] viXra:1604.0371 [pdf] replaced on 2016-05-23 13:49:26

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Spherical Capacitor and the Nature of Earth Magnetism

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 21 Pages.

A solution of the Maxwell equations for the electromagnetic wave in a spherical capacitor which is included in an alternating current circuit or in an constant current circuit is proposed. A hypothesis of the Earth magnetism nature is presented on the basis of this solution.
Category: Classical Physics

[371] viXra:1604.0371 [pdf] replaced on 2016-05-11 10:21:04

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Spherical Capacitor and the Nature of Earth Magnetism

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 19 Pages.

A solution of the Maxwell equations for the electromagnetic wave in a spherical capacitor which is included in an alternating current circuit or in an constant current circuit is proposed. A hypothesis of the Earth magnetism nature is presented on the basis of this solution.
Category: Classical Physics

[370] viXra:1604.0355 [pdf] replaced on 2016-05-28 06:32:33

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Spherical Capacitor and the Nature of Earth Magnetism \\ Электромагнитная волна в сферическом конденсаторе и природа Земного магнетизма

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 21 Pages.

A solution of the Maxwell equations for the electromagnetic wave in a spherical capacitor which is included in an alternating current circuit or in an constant current circuit is proposed. A hypothesis of the Earth magnetism nature is presented on the basis of this solution. \\ Предлагается решение уравнений Максвелла для электромагнитной волны в сферическом конденсаторе который включен в цепь переменного или постоянного тока. На основе этого решения предлагается гипотеза о природе Земного магнетизма.
Category: Classical Physics

[369] viXra:1604.0355 [pdf] replaced on 2016-05-23 14:20:58

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Spherical Capacitor and the Nature of Earth Magnetism \\ Электромагнитная волна в сферическом конденсаторе и природа Земного магнетизма

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 21 Pages.

A solution of the Maxwell equations for the electromagnetic wave in a spherical capacitor which is included in an alternating current circuit or in an constant current circuit is proposed. A hypothesis of the Earth magnetism nature is presented on the basis of this solution. \\ Предлагается решение уравнений Максвелла для электромагнитной волны в сферическом конденсаторе который включен в цепь переменного или постоянного тока. На основе этого решения предлагается гипотеза о природе Земного магнетизма.
Category: Classical Physics

[368] viXra:1604.0355 [pdf] replaced on 2016-05-11 10:18:48

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Spherical Capacitor and the Nature of Earth Magnetism \\ Электромагнитная волна в сферическом конденсаторе и природа Земного магнетизма

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 20 Pages.

A solution of the Maxwell equations for the electromagnetic wave in a spherical capacitor which is included in an alternating current circuit or in an constant current circuit is proposed. A hypothesis of the Earth magnetism nature is presented on the basis of this solution. \\ Предлагается решение уравнений Максвелла для электромагнитной волны в сферическом конденсаторе который включен в цепь переменного или постоянного тока. На основе этого решения предлагается гипотеза о природе Земного магнетизма.
Category: Classical Physics

[367] viXra:1604.0355 [pdf] replaced on 2016-05-06 13:57:15

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Spherical Capacitor and the Nature of Earth Magnetism \\ Электромагнитная волна в сферическом конденсаторе и природа Земного магнетизма

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 15 Pages.

A solution of the Maxwell equations for the electromagnetic wave in a spherical capacitor which is included in an alternating current circuit or in an constant current circuit is proposed. A hypothesis of the Earth magnetism nature is presented on the basis of this solution. \\ Предлагается решение уравнений Максвелла для электромагнитной волны в сферическом конденсаторе который включен в цепь переменного или постоянного тока. На основе этого решения предлагается гипотеза о природе Земного магнетизма.
Category: Classical Physics

[366] viXra:1604.0355 [pdf] replaced on 2016-04-28 06:39:45

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Spherical Capacitor and the Nature of Earth Magnetism \\ Электромагнитная волна в сферическом конденсаторе и природа Земного магнетизма

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 15 Pages.

A solution of the Maxwell equations for the electromagnetic wave in a spherical capacitor which is included in an alternating current circuit or in an constant current circuit is proposed. A hypothesis of the Earth magnetism nature is presented on the basis of this solution. \\ Предлагается решение уравнений Максвелла для электромагнитной волны в сферическом конденсаторе который включен в цепь переменного или постоянного тока. На основе этого решения предлагается гипотеза о природе Земного магнетизма.
Category: Classical Physics

[365] viXra:1604.0061 [pdf] replaced on 2016-05-08 06:34:22

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Charged Capacitor \\ Электромагнитная волна в заряженном конденсаторе

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 10 Pages.

It is shown that in a chargeable capacitor spreads an electromagnetic wave, and the mathematical description of the wave is the solution of Maxwell's equations. It is shown that there in charged capacitor stationary flux of electromagnetic energy exist. The energy contained in the capacitor, which is considered to be the electric potential energy, it is electromagnetic energy, which in the capacitor as a stationary flow is stored. \\ Показывается, что в заряжаемом конденсаторе распространяется электромагнитная волна, а математическое описание этой волны является решение уравнений Максвелла. Показывается, что в заряженном конденсаторе существует стационарный поток электромагнитной энергии, а та энергия, которая содержится в конденсаторе и которую принято считать электрической потенциальной энергией, является электромагнитной энергией, хранящейся в конденсаторе в виде стационарного потока.
Category: Classical Physics

[364] viXra:1603.0260 [pdf] replaced on 2016-04-02 15:30:03

The Electromagnetic Wave in Alternating Current Wire

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 19 Pages.

A solution of Maxwell equations for alternating current wire is presented. The structure of currents and energy flows is reviewed.
Category: Classical Physics

[363] viXra:1603.0246 [pdf] replaced on 2016-06-19 05:13:45

Not Contradictory Solution of Maxwell's Equations \\ Непротиворечивое решение уравнений Максвелла

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 142 Pages.

A new solution of Maxwell's equations for vacuum and for wire is presented. First it must be noted that the proof of the solution's uniqueness is based on the Law of energy conservation which is not observed (for instantaneous values) in the known solution. The presented solution does not violate the Law of energy conservation. Besides, in this solution the electrical and magnetic components of intensity are shifted in phase. Technical applications of this decision is reviewed. \\ Предлагается новое решение уравнений Максвелла для вакуума и для провода с постоянным и переменным током. Предварительно отмечается, что доказательство единственности известного решения основано на законе сохранения энергии, который не соблюдается (для мгновенных значений) в известном решении. Рассматриваются технические приложения полученного решения.
Category: Classical Physics

[362] viXra:1603.0246 [pdf] replaced on 2016-04-03 15:16:58

Not Contradictory Solution of Maxwell's Equations \\ Непротиворечивое решение уравнений Максвелла

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 90 Pages.

A new solution of Maxwell's equations for vacuum and for wire is presented. First it must be noted that the proof of the solution's uniqueness is based on the Law of energy conservation which is not observed (for instantaneous values) in the known solution. The presented solution does not violate the Law of energy conservation. Besides, in this solution the electrical and magnetic components of intensity are shifted in phase. Technical applications of this decision is reviewed. \\ Предлагается новое решение уравнений Максвелла для вакуума и для провода с постоянным и переменным током. Предварительно отмечается, что доказательство единственности известного решения основано на законе сохранения энергии, который не соблюдается (для мгновенных значений) в известном решении. Рассматриваются технические приложения полученного решения.
Category: Classical Physics