Classical Physics

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Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed further down

[923] viXra:1608.0392 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-29 07:22:40

A New Law of Kinematics

Authors: Joseph Palazzo
Comments: 15 Pages.

Three laws of kinematics are identified. The first two were already known, and are presented with a slightly different perspective. However, the third law of kinematics is a new law of nature. And it states: for every elastic collisions, a free body with the higher kinetic energy can only gain energy from another body with lower kinetic energy, and the lower kinetic energy body will always gain energy from the higher kinetic energy body. Moreover, under general considerations from the theory of Special Relativity, a particle can decay into other particles only if there is a source of positive energy necessary to insure that the new particles have positive kinetic energy, which is why E=mc2 provides the source of this positive energy in the form of mass conversion into energy. Also this new kinematics leads to the reformulation of the 2nd law of thermodynamics which can now explain why heat only flows from a hot body to a cold body, and never the other way around, that a system left on its own will see its disorder increase in time, and that the entropy as defined according to Boltzmann tends to increase. The insight that we gain from this deeper concept which underlies the new law of kinematics and the reformulation of the second law of thermodynamics is that vacuum energy is a necessary condition for particles to pop out of the vacuum. However, this spells trouble for Hawking radiation as it has been formulated - it would lead to a violation of this new kinematics law. Surprisingly this new law of kinematics also sheds new insights into Planck’s ad hoc hypothesis, E = ħω, and why energy must be quantized. As a general conclusion, every dynamical theory must reconcile with this new kinematics.
Category: Classical Physics

[922] viXra:1608.0349 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-25 12:02:33

About a Definition in Time

Authors: Junnichi Fujii
Comments: 3 Pages.

The definition in time in the present-day physics is insufficient. Several problems which are to reconsider a definition in time and concern in time can be settled. This definition isn't inconsistent with general relativity. 4 are supposed. This isn't also inconsistent with general relativity. Mystery in the life expectancy of the neutron can be settled by this. Several dilemmas which concern at time can be settled. It's possible to deepen the understanding simpler than the one of the general relativity.
Category: Classical Physics

[921] viXra:1608.0161 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-16 04:48:50

Experiments Match Simulations in a Multiple Posts Reentrant Cavity

Authors: L. A. N. de Paula, M. Goryachev, M. E. Tobar
Comments: 7 Pages.

Microwave reentrant cavities are used for many applications in sciences and engineering. The potential for high mechanical tunability and high electric quality factors make them important tools in many areas. They are usually resonant cylindrical cavities with a central post which makes a small gap spacing with the cavity wall. By adding an arbitrary number of extra posts, they are generalized to a type of multiple posts reentrant cavity. This new approach has been theoretically studied but no experimental results have been presented. The main purpose of this work is to compare experimental modes with simulation ones from a reentrant cavity made of forty nine cylindrical posts . Each post could be moved using a screw in order to make a tunable gap spacing between the post top and the cavity cover. Eight different gap setups have been made making it possible to investigate thirty six different reentrant modes at room temperature. The lowest frequency percentage agreement between experiment and simulation was 91.31 % and the best one was 99.92 %. Taking into account all the modes, 94.44 % of them had agreement above 96 %. For the first time, an experimental check has been made. This makes the experimental procedure adopted here suitable to investigate the reentrant modes from multiple posts cavities. This new sort of cavities stands for a new technology and can have a wide range of applications once they can gather features of conventional cavities and extra ones.
Category: Classical Physics

[920] viXra:1608.0127 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-12 12:54:05

О взаимодействии двух масс/about Interaction of Two Masses

Authors: Edgars Alksnis
Comments: 4 Pages. in Russian

Interaction of two masses has been analysed within general frame of physics.
Category: Classical Physics

[919] viXra:1608.0067 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-06 08:07:12

Lectures on Geometrical Optics for Engineering and Medical Entrance Exam

Authors: Anuj Kumar Dubey
Comments: 196 Pages.

I have been involved from more than ten years in teaching as physics faculty for engineering and medical entrance exam such as IIT (Mains and Advanced)/AIPMT and foundation batch at +2 levels in India. During my interaction with engineering and medical aspirants I, realized that most feared topics in physics is geometrical optics especially in case of solving the numerical problems. Keeping this in mind, i have covered in general the syllabus of geometrical optics, especially for IIT (Mains and Advanced) entrance exam, in these Lecture Notes on “Geometrical Optics”. These lectures contains the topics such as; Basics of optics, laws of reflection and refraction, reflection from spherical mirrors, velocity of image in the plane and spherical mirror, refraction at plane surfaces, prism theory, refraction from curved surfaces, cut lenses, silvered lenses and combination of lenses and mirrors. I have given various numerical problems (fully solved) to discuss the concepts. Very little of these Lecture notes are wholly original. When I drew up notes, I decided from outset that I would collect together the best approaches to the material known to me. So fact is that many of approaches in these Lecture notes have been borrowed from one author or another, there is a little that I have written completely afresh. My intention has been to organize the material in such a way that it is the more readily accessible to majority of the students.
Category: Classical Physics

[918] viXra:1608.0047 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-04 16:38:39

Free Fall Through the Earth

Authors: Bengt Månsson
Comments: 18 Pages.

Free fall through the Earth, considered as a sphere of radially symmetric mass density, along the axis of rotation, is calculated using a general differential equation in newtonian gravity theory. The passage time is calculated and, further, the shape of the tunnel required if the fall is started at an arbitrary point other than a pole, so that the rotation of the Earth comes into play, is determined. Also a general relativistic case with constant density along the axis is considered. -- In this general form the article may also be of some pedagogical value.
Category: Classical Physics

[917] viXra:1607.0565 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-31 11:57:29

Physical Sense of the Formula E=mc2.

Authors: Vladislav Mirkin
Comments: 8 Pages.

There is very clear physical interpretation of this formula if we imagine that the space contains the ether moving between the particles of the matter. The ether fills the space between particles like water fills the any hole.
Category: Classical Physics

[916] viXra:1607.0562 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-30 17:17:54

The Mass Versus the Electric Charge of the Elctron

Authors: Hoa Van Nguyen
Comments: 08 Pages. 01 Figure

The mass of the electron is an invariant , i.e., it does not change with its velocity . We introduce the concept of variability of the electric charge to replace the old-fashioned concept of changing mass . We propose a thought experiment to prove this variability of the electric charge of the electron in a changing magnetic field .
Category: Classical Physics

[915] viXra:1607.0489 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-26 09:35:30

A Survey on Complex Networks

Authors: Aritra Sinha
Comments: 42 Pages.

The report aims to provide an introductory review on network science and a few particular networks. We emphasize on percolation through small world network where we look into the case of disease spreading through small world network.
Category: Classical Physics

[914] viXra:1607.0486 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-26 02:06:40

New Physics and Gravity Mechanism at Classical and Quantum Level.

Authors: Durgadas Datta.
Comments: 5 Pages. FOR PUBLICATION PLEASE

New physics and gravity due to FERMION GRAVITON with mass and BOSON GRAVITON WITH ZERO MASS.
Category: Classical Physics

[913] viXra:1607.0447 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-24 01:13:03

Note on the Free Fall Experiment of the Bremen Tower

Authors: Paris S. Miles-Brenden
Comments: 5 Pages. philosophy of physics, free fall, freefall, superconductivity, inertia, gravitation, gravity

A seemingly empty relation of physical law implicates a testable hypothesis of physics by contradiction in relation to the test of WEP.
Category: Classical Physics

[912] viXra:1607.0443 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-23 18:52:40

Continuous Atoms and The Propagation of Light

Authors: Roger Munday
Comments: 10 Pages.

Currently accepted theories of the structure of macroscopic matter fail to explain the transmission of gravity and of electro-magnetic radiation. These theories are therefore, in some fundamental aspects, false. Technologies available today demonstrate that the structure of solid matter is not one of discontinuous atoms. This paper suggests that they are not, as postulated, composed of almost entirely a "perfect vacuum" and are not separated by large volumes of 'empty space'.
Category: Classical Physics

[911] viXra:1607.0423 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-22 13:07:00

Inconsistency Solution of Maxwell's Equations

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 146 Pages.

A new solution of Maxwell equations for a vacuum, for wire with constant and alternating current, for the capacitor, for the sphere, etc. is presented. First it must be noted that the proof of the solution's uniqueness is based on the Law of energy conservation which is not observed (for instantaneous values) in the known solution. The solution offered: •Describes wave in vacuum and wave in wire; •Complies with the energy conservation law in each moment of time, i.e. sets constant density of electromagnetic energy flux; •Reveals phase shifting between electrical and magnetic intensities; •Explains existence of energy flux along the wire that is equal to the power consumed. The work offers some technical applications of the solution obtained. A detailed proof is given for interested readers.
Category: Classical Physics

[910] viXra:1607.0394 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-21 13:35:03

Arbitrary Dimensional User Interfaces

Authors: Frank Edughom Ekpar
Comments: 91 Pages. International Application Number: PCT/US2012/066159; International Publication Number: WO 2014/081420 A1

The present invention discloses an arbitrary dimensional graphical user interface permitting the display or presentation of one or more instances of the user interface on one or more arbitrarily-sized and arbitrarily-shaped surfaces with each instance comprising one or more arbitrary dimensional background elements each of which is divided into one or more arbitrarily-sized and arbitrarily-shaped arbitrary dimensional partitions, wherein each partition may contain one or more user interface elements and is associated with one or more sets of rules that define rendering, positioning, element placement and other relevant attributes and behaviors, wherein said rules can be specified in such a way as to enable said arbitrary dimensional background to assume any desired arbitrary shape and to facilitate expansion to any desired arbitrary size without distortion or loss in quality. In this context, an instance of a graphical user interface is any display or presentation of any representation of any aspect of the user interface. Furthermore, the present invention discloses automatic, semi-automatic or manual processing systems for arbitrary dimensional graphical user interfaces based on the principles of the present invention.
Category: Classical Physics

[909] viXra:1607.0390 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-21 10:02:22

The Evolution of the System of Gravitating Bodies

Authors: Kiryan D.G., Kiryan G.V.
Comments: 20 Pages. Russian

A natural physical approach to the analysis of the structure of closed gravitating systems has been formulated in the scope of classical mechanics. The approach is based on the interrelation between the densities of a sequence of nested spheres inscribed in the circular orbits of the system bodies. An empirical law has been defined for the evolution of closed gravitating systems differing in mass, size and distance from the Observer. Each gravitating system undergoes modifications and evolves from its initial state, namely, a kind of a gas-dust formation almost constant in density over the entire volume, to a certain nearly terminating phase of the process when the system structure becomes similar to that of a planetary one (like the Solar system) where almost all the gravitating mass is concentrated in the vicinity of the center of gravity. Using the proposed method of nested spheres, it is possible to reveal in the gravitating system rotation plane the character of the matter density radial distribution, quantitatively evaluate the density of medium where the gravitating system under consideration is located, and assess the current phase of the system evolution. The research results have led us to a conclusion that introduction into the scientific practice of such an entity as "dark matter" has no physical background since it is based on a wrong interpretation of an unordinary distribution of star orbital velocities in galaxies.
Category: Classical Physics

[908] viXra:1607.0202 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-17 21:31:31

Relativisic Mechnics in the Model of 4D Medium

Authors: Valery Skorobogatov
Comments: 4 Pages. It is on Russian and it is the third version of the paper.

Forthe model of 4D medium it was obtained the expressions compatible to those of Special Relativity. Also the common formulae for force fom which follows the paradox of braking. The body moving with the velocity close to the light speed can't decerate.
Category: Classical Physics

[907] viXra:1607.0175 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-15 03:43:11

Nature-Inspired Signal Processing

Authors: Frank Edughom Ekpar
Comments: 30 Pages. United States Patent Application Number 13/ 674,035: Publication Number US 2014/0135642 A1

The present invention establishes the foundational principles and practice for a unified theory of arbitrary information management by disclosing systems, devices and methods for the management of substrates or biological substrates. In this context, a substrate or biological substrate is any aspect of any entity that is capable of responding to or emitting or transmitting stimuli irrespective of Whether the stimuli actually emanate or originate from any aspect of the entity or not. Management of substrates or biological substrates could be achieved through the management of stimuli that modulate or moderate or influence any aspect of the substrate or biological substrate as well as through the management of any stimuli emanating from the substrate or biological substrate.
Category: Classical Physics

[906] viXra:1607.0130 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-10 22:03:41

Attempts to Detect the Torsion Field Nature of Scalar Wave Generated by Dual Tesla Coil System

Authors: Gao Peng
Comments: 7 Pages.

Scalar wave was found and used at first by Nikola Tesla in his wireless energy transmission experiment. Prof.K.Meyl extended the Maxwell equation and found the lost scalar wave part. The scalar wave theory proposed by Prof.K.Meyl indicates that the torsion field is the nature of scalar wave. This work attempts to detect the torsion field nature of scalar wave generated by the dual Tesla coil system, using the torsion balance consisting of a wooden frame. The result is positive and two kinds of torsion field including left-handed and right-handed are detected in dual Tesla coil system.
Category: Classical Physics

[905] viXra:1607.0050 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-05 05:20:36

The Problem of Slow-witted Aliens, or The Transverse Doppler Effect Simply Explained

Authors: Vadim N. Matvejev, Oleg V. Matvejev
Comments: 11 Pages.

The subject of this article is the dependence of observation results of the transverse Doppler effect on relative speed ascribed by an observer to himself.
Category: Classical Physics

[904] viXra:1607.0041 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-04 10:05:01

The Physical Medium of the Universal

Authors: Vladislav Mirkin, PhD
Comments: 14 Pages.

The transformation mechanism of principles of classical mechanics in statistical interpretation of the quantum theory are shown. Physical interpretation of the principle of uncertainty and the dimension of Planck’s constant (J/Hz instead J∙s) is given. Inexplicable before phenomenon, taking place in experiments and supervision, are explained.
Category: Classical Physics

[903] viXra:1607.0016 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-02 02:27:24

Why the Velocities of Material Bodies Cannot Achieve the Speed of Light in a Vacuum

Authors: Vadim N. Matvejev, Oleg V. Matvejev
Comments: 11 Pages.

A possible cause of the finiteness of the velocity of tangible objects is demonstrated without reference to the provisions of the special theory of relativity. A condition is formulated on the basis of which the assumption of the movement of tangible objects at any prescribed velocities proves to be self-contradictory in instances when the prescribed velocities of the objects exceed a certain value. This condition consists of the presence of interaction signals and carrier particles in material bodies that are propagated at a velocity greater than any prescribed velocity of the material bodies.
Category: Classical Physics

[902] viXra:1606.0340 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-30 09:26:08

Is Electric Field Vector Field or Covector Field?

Authors: Radi I. Khrapko
Comments: 3 Pages. nobody wants to know the difference between vector and covector.

There are different fields in electrodynamics: vector fields and covector fields.
Category: Classical Physics

[901] viXra:1606.0295 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-27 10:40:05

Elektrostatische Entsalzung Von Meerwasser

Authors: Herbert Weidner
Comments: 7 Pages. available also in English language

Durch elektrostatische Kraft werden Ionen an die Oberfläche von Elektroden gebunden, wodurch der Salzgehalt der Elektrolytflüssigkeit sinkt. Eine mehrstufige Entsalzungskaskade kann das Salz vollständig entfernen. Das Verfahren verwendet keine chemischen Umwandlungen und kann mit handelsüblichen Bauelementen gebaut werden.
Category: Classical Physics

[900] viXra:1606.0291 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-27 10:14:57

Electrostatic Desalination of Seawater

Authors: Herbert Weidner
Comments: 6 Pages.

By electrostatic force, ions are bound to the surface of electrodes, whereby the salt content of the electrolyte liquid decreases. A multistage cascade desalination can remove the ions completely. The process uses no chemical transformations and requires only conventional components.
Category: Classical Physics

[899] viXra:1606.0192 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-18 22:01:39

Methods and Instruments to Increase a Signal-to-Noise Ratio in the Image-Addressing-Based Torsion Field Communication

Authors: Mark Krinker
Comments: 5 Pages.

To increase a signal to noise ratio in Torsion Field Communication Sessions, the emitted spinning signal proposed to form directly from video signals of images of transmitter and receiver. The receiver contains a mixer/multiplier fed with an identical reference video signal and the signal of the sensor.
Category: Classical Physics

[898] viXra:1606.0170 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-16 18:07:43

A Phenomenon of Driving the Field Gyroscope up to Speed by a Light

Authors: Mark Krinker
Comments: 8 Pages.

The experiments with the Spinning Electric Vector Analyzer, SEVA, have revealed an integration-like process of gradual driving a localized spinning electromagnetic field up to speed. The spinning process was induced both incandescent and gas-discharge lamps in vicinity of the SEVA sensor. The experiments can be explained as manifestation of G.I. Shipov’s field of inertia associated with the Physical Vacuum. An original electromagnetic spinning field drives its vacuum partner up to speed, having a characteristic time constant which depends on the conditions of experiments. The similar driving-up-to-speed processes were noted for a wide class of other phenomena. The quantum nature of FG is obviously seen on the images from a screen of the oscilloscope as a manifestation of discrete orbits.
Category: Classical Physics

[897] viXra:1606.0102 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-11 03:29:04

Proposal for Measurement of Impurities in Any Liquid Media Inside the Flow Vessel Using Piezoelectric Sensing

Authors: Pragyaditya Das
Comments: 7 Pages.

In this proposal, I extend my idea on how do we sense and accurately measure the amount of impurities in any liquid media. I am planning on using the principles of Piezoelectric Sensing to do it. The basic idea is to use the voltage output from a piezoelectric strip (say S) to sense the amount of impurities (Say ImL) in the Liquid Media (say L). What I intend to do is, I would use an adhesive layer (say Ah) which would be reactive to the impurity we are trying to measure. I want to fix a layer of Ah on S. Then I would fix on end of S to the wall of the container in which the liquid is flowing. S will now act as a Cantilever Beam. Now, L flows through the pipe. The impurities present in L will settle and adhere on S, due to the adhesive property of Ah. The settling of impurities of some mass , will bend S and generate an output voltage (say V). Here the strip is acting like a cantilever beam.
Category: Classical Physics

[896] viXra:1606.0100 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-10 13:36:52

The Gravitational Constant May not be Constant: Correlation of Gravitational Constant Measurements with Ambient Gravitation

Authors: DT Froedge
Comments: 7 Pages. The scatter in the Gravitational Constant measurements may not be random

There is a long history of measuring the gravitational constant starting with Henry Cavendish in the 1700’s,[1], and in the last 15 years there has been a focused on refining the value with more modern technology, and precision instrumentation. Unfortunately the value is hard to pin down, and as the error bars of the various experiments at labs around the world get smaller the values are not the same and even the error bars are not overlapping. This paper evaluates the relation between the most precision measurements over the last 15 years, and the ambient gravitation at the location of the measurement. Although there may be some errors in the exact value of the ambient gravitation due to the exact location of the lab making the measurement, the errors are not significant enough to make a difference in the conclusion. There is a definite relationship between the measured gravitational constant and the ambient value of the background gravitation. This paper presents the data illustrating the correlation.
Category: Classical Physics

[895] viXra:1606.0070 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-07 12:43:20

[tlnomiva] : Transmission Line Nominal Values without Tolerance - from Cable Specifications and Technical Data Sheets : FLOSS for MS Windows

Authors: N. I. Yannopoulou, P. E. Zimourtopoulos
Comments: 30 Pages. FunkTechnikPlus # Journal, Issue 10 - Year 3, 31 May 2016, v1, 7-36, otoiser ftp#j

[[tlnomiva] is a visual software application developed by the authors for a transmission line characterization from the user's point of view. The numerical computations are based on the precise formulation within the distributed circuit coefficients model of a transmission line, which was theoretically developed by the authors and published in a previous paper. The use of [tlnomiva] is fully demonstrated by an example for the popular RG 214 coaxial cable. This application is Free Libre Open Source Software and provides an option for more detailed figures by calling the executable of the freely distributed source [wgnuplot].
Category: Classical Physics

[894] viXra:1606.0069 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-07 05:55:41

Convection Magnetic Currents? \\ Конвекционные магнитные токи?

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 3 Pages. in Russian

It proposed an experiment that could prove the existence of convection magnetic currents \\ Предлагается эксперимент, который мог бы доказать существование конвекционных магнитных токов
Category: Classical Physics

[893] viXra:1605.0301 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-30 08:08:56

On the Nature of Ball Lightning

Authors: Anatoly V. Belyakov
Comments: 6 Pages.

The author proposes a model of ball lightning based on a mechanistic interpretation of John Wheeler’s ideas. It is assumed that ball lightning is a quasi-particle that has the Planck mass and consists of closed contours, which in turn are based on the magnetic and gravity force balance. These contours are hard packed in a small volume of ball lightning, forming a multilayer capacitor containing a substantial charge and electrostatic energy. This paper provides calculations of characteristic parameters of ball lightning, which are well consistent with its phenomenology
Category: Classical Physics

[892] viXra:1605.0297 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-29 17:10:26

A Conceptual Design of an Interplanetary Exploration Spaceship with Electric High-Thrust Plasma-Propulsion of “Helios”-Type

Authors: Danny Kirmse
Comments: 8 Pages.

Nowadays and in the near future the spaceflight to the planets and moons of our solar system is one of the great challenges of space-technology. Whether robotic and manned to the Mars or on a large-scale exploration mission to the moons of Jupiter, a new kind of payload demands a next step in development of spaceflight technology. Not satellites but spacious ships have to bring extensive exploration equipment, landing vehicles, ground facilities or even human passengers to their interplanetary targets. Such space-vehicles need new kind of space-propulsion too; more than this, the development of adequate new propulsion is crucial for the realization of this kind of missions.
Category: Classical Physics

[891] viXra:1605.0295 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-29 19:47:39

Stabilization Principle in Dynamics.

Authors: Michail Zak
Comments: 21 Pages.

This paper introduces and illustrates the Stabilization Principle that provides a strategy for modeling post instability behavior in dynamics, including turbulence and chaos. It starts with investigation of different types of instability with the objective to demonstrate that stability is not a physical invariant since it depends upon the frame to which the motion of fluid is referred, upon the class of functions in which the governing equations are derived, est. The application of the Stabilization Principle to the Navier-Stokes equations is illustrated by closure of the Reynolds equations for the Poiseuille flow. Introduction.
Category: Classical Physics

[890] viXra:1605.0280 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-28 06:50:10

Second Mathematical Model of Ball Lightning \\ Вторая математическая модель шаровой молнии

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 15 Pages. in Russian

Based on the Maxwell's equations and on the understanding of the electrical conductivity of the body of ball lightning, a mathematical model of ball lightning is built; the structure of the electromagnetic field and of electric current in it is shown. Next it is shown (as a consequence of this model) that in a ball lightning the flow of electromagnetic energy can circulate and thus the energy obtained by a ball lightning when it occurs can be saved. Sustainability, luminescence, charge, time being, the mechanism of formation of ball lightning are briefly discussed. \\ На основе уравнений Максвелла и представления об электропроводности тела шаровой молнии строится математическая модель шаровой молнии, показывается структура электромагнитного поля и электротоков в ней. Далее показывается (как следствие этой модели), что в шаровой молнии может циркулировать поток электромагнитной энергии и таким образом может сохраняться энергия, полученная шаровой молнией при ее возникновении. Кратко рассматриваются также устойчивость, свечение, заряд, время существования, механизм образования.
Category: Classical Physics

[889] viXra:1605.0279 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-28 06:53:26

Second Mathematical Model of Ball Lightning

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 14 Pages.

Based on the Maxwell's equations and on the understanding of the electrical conductivity of the body of ball lightning, a mathematical model of ball lightning is built; the structure of the electromagnetic field and of electric current in it is shown. Next it is shown (as a consequence of this model) that in a ball lightning the flow of electromagnetic energy can circulate and thus the energy obtained by a ball lightning when it occurs can be saved. Sustainability, luminescence, charge, time being, the mechanism of formation of ball lightning are briefly discussed.
Category: Classical Physics

[888] viXra:1605.0246 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-24 02:19:29

New The Formula For Law Of Gravity

Authors: GuagSan Yu
Comments: 2 Pages.

Newton's second law and Newton's third law has proven to be wrong, then including the law of gravity into account, but also need make the appropriate modification. Following will be given the new formula the law of gravity, corresponding to the new calculations, a lot of specific data astronomical observations, may be subject to change. Such as mass of celestial bodies, and the size of gravity between celestial bodies, are likely to change. So far variety of astronomical data, should all be recalculated.
Category: Classical Physics

[887] viXra:1605.0227 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-22 04:25:55

(Chinese)New The Formula For Law Of Gravity

Authors: GuagSan Yu
Comments: 2 Pages. This paper is Chinese

Newton the second laws with Newton the third laws have been wrong by the proof, include the law of gravity so in the inside, also should be amended accordingly. Below will give new formula of the law of gravity, opposite to new calculation, a lot of particular datas that astronomy observation, all may have the changes. For example celestial body the mass, and the size of the gravitation of heavenly body, all may have the changes. Thereby every kind of astronomy data up to the present, all want afresh the calculation.
Category: Classical Physics

[886] viXra:1605.0226 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-21 16:11:11

Modern Classical Spin Dynamics

Authors: Edwin Eugene Klingman
Comments: 29 Pages.

Abstract: The near-century-old Stern-Gerlach experiment played an important role in the philosophy of quantum mechanics. 50 years ago Bell drew drastic conclusions about the nature of reality based on a model of Stern-Gerlach, yet most detailed analysis of spin in nonuniform magnetic fields has occurred post-Bell. Recent focus on work in non-equilibrium thermo¬dynamics has potential significance for quantum mechanics so we develop a spin dynamical analysis of work in an inhomogeneous field. A small angle approximation analysis is performed. We derive a novel Stern-Gerlach gradient threshold relation and a decay rate for precession in a non-uniform field. The theory is compared to a quantum analysis and an experiment to test this theory is proposed.
Category: Classical Physics

[885] viXra:1605.0186 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-18 02:50:42

Simulation of The Motive Power Generator With CST Studio Suite

Authors: Simon A. Olanipekun
Comments: 15 Pages.

CST Studio Suite is used to simulate and analyse the Motive Power Generator disclosed here http://vixra.org/abs/1509.0093?ref=8576640 Here are the links to the simulation videos: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CpOt4BnlMic https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2GAxXWzCjT4 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nyXWJyMziR4
Category: Classical Physics

[884] viXra:1605.0122 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-12 03:08:09

The Periodic Table Form Possible to Coincide with a Proton Distribution

Authors: Jianping Mao
Comments: 16 Pages. A correspondence between the very short 1, short 2-3, long 4-5, very long 6-7 periods and basic, light, mid, heavy nuclei implies that the periodic table is an amplifying nuclear shape to some extent.

The periodic table form seems to coincide with a folding nuclear structure, a distribution of protons (nucleons) nearly the same as Lewis dot structure, which will grow vertical 4 A (representative), 4 B (transition) and 8 C (inner transition) α-clusters bound with valency neutron (excess neutron, ~ A﹣2Z) to stand a core (1st period) of likely expanding in Co, Ni, Rh and Pd. In a typical fission of 235U+n→137Ba+97Kr+2n, 137Ba and 97Kr mass difference is suggested to result from the 16 α-clusters cleft into 9:7 (±1 A α-cluster, 5 α × 2 = 40) and 2n release from valency neutrons in its cleft line; also, cleft into 15:1 implies to point to that α (1 C ≥ 4He) and cluster (1 B ≥ 12C, 1 A ≥ 20Ne) decay. To cross nuclei, atoms and molecules, here is a way that may enable us closer to nature of the periodic table, the periodic law of dominating their behaviors.
Category: Classical Physics

[883] viXra:1605.0068 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-05 20:46:51

An Experimental Set up for Detecting Weber’s Second Order of Magnetic Force

Authors: Abhilash Janardhanan Pillai
Comments: 4 Pages.

Weber’s equation of electrodynamics predicts a force which is proportional to the second order of relative velocity between charges in motion. However it is still debated on the existence of this force. This article proposes an experiment that could detect and measure this force.
Category: Classical Physics

[882] viXra:1604.0374 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-29 02:59:36

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Charged Capacitor

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 9 Pages.

The electromagnetic wave is shown to propagate in a charged capacitor with the mathematical description of this wave being a solution to the Maxwell equations. It is demonstrated that there is a stationary flow of electromagnetic energy in the charged capacitor, and the energy accumulated in the capacitor which is known as the potential electric energy, is the electromagnetic energy stored in the capacitor in the form of stationary flow.
Category: Classical Physics

[881] viXra:1604.0371 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-28 12:50:32

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Spherical Capacitor and the Nature of Earth Magnetism

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 14 Pages.

A solution of the Maxwell equations for the electromagnetic wave in a spherical capacitor which is included in an alternating current circuit or in an constant current circuit is proposed. A hypothesis of the Earth magnetism nature is presented on the basis of this solution.
Category: Classical Physics

[880] viXra:1604.0355 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-26 14:36:02

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Spherical Capacitor and the Nature of Earth Magnetism \\ Электромагнитная волна в сферическом конденсаторе и природа Земного магнетизма

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 14 Pages. in Russian

A solution of the Maxwell equations for the electromagnetic wave in a spherical capacitor which is included in an alternating current circuit or in an constant current circuit is proposed. A hypothesis of the Earth magnetism nature is presented on the basis of this solution. \\ Предлагается решение уравнений Максвелла для электромагнитной волны в сферическом конденсаторе который включен в цепь переменного или постоянного тока. На основе этого решения предлагается гипотеза о природе Земного магнетизма.
Category: Classical Physics

[879] viXra:1604.0343 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-25 12:56:32

Enigmatic Spin Momentum of Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 21 Pages.

In a recent theoretical paper, a group from the RIKEN Center for Emergent Matter Science in Japan showed that momentum density in non-uniform optical fields has an unusual component, which is orthogonal to the propagation direction of light and is proportional to the optical spin, which means the degree of circular polarization. They predicted that this spin momentum would produce a transverse spin-dependent optical force, a few orders of magnitude weaker than the usual radiation pressure. [15] Converting a single photon from one color, or frequency, to another is an essential tool in quantum communication, which harnesses the subtle correlations between the subatomic properties of photons (particles of light) to securely store and transmit information. Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have now developed a miniaturized version of a frequency converter, using technology similar to that used to make computer chips. [14] Harnessing the power of the sun and creating light-harvesting or light-sensing devices requires a material that both absorbs light efficiently and converts the energy to highly mobile electrical current. Finding the ideal mix of properties in a single material is a challenge, so scientists have been experimenting with ways to combine different materials to create "hybrids" with enhanced features. [13] Condensed-matter physicists often turn to particle-like entities called quasiparticles—such as excitons, plasmons, magnons—to explain complex phenomena. Now Gil Refael from the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena and colleagues report the theoretical concept of the topological polarition, or “topolariton”: a hybrid half-light, half-matter quasiparticle that has special topological properties and might be used in devices to transport light in one direction. [12] Solitons are localized wave disturbances that propagate without changing shape, a result of a nonlinear interaction that compensates for wave packet dispersion. Individual solitons may collide, but a defining feature is that they pass through one another and emerge from the collision unaltered in shape, amplitude, or velocity, but with a new trajectory reflecting a discontinuous jump. Working with colleagues at the Harvard-MIT Center for Ultracold Atoms, a group led by Harvard Professor of Physics Mikhail Lukin and MIT Professor of Physics Vladan Vuletic have managed to coax photons into binding together to form molecules – a state of matter that, until recently, had been purely theoretical. The work is described in a September 25 paper in Nature. New ideas for interactions and particles: This paper examines the possibility to origin the Spontaneously Broken Symmetries from the Planck Distribution Law. This way we get a Unification of the Strong, Electromagnetic, and Weak Interactions from the interference occurrences of oscillators. Understanding that the relativistic mass change is the result of the magnetic induction we arrive to the conclusion that the Gravitational Force is also based on the electromagnetic forces, getting a Unified Relativistic Quantum Theory of all 4 Interactions.
Category: Classical Physics

[878] viXra:1604.0304 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-22 09:23:47

List 5.2 of Bolonkin’s Publications in 2007-2015 (Loading is Free):

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 104 Pages.

Contains the List 5.2 of Bolonkin’s scientific researches, works, articles and books written or published in 2007-2015 and free links to them.
Category: Classical Physics

[877] viXra:1604.0281 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-19 06:09:40

The Extra-Terrestrial Pendulum in the Gravity Field

Authors: Miroslav Pardy
Comments: 4 Pages. Our project is cheaper that Hawking-Milner project

The motion of the mathematical extra-terrestrial pendulum is considered in the spherical gravitational field. The potential energy of the pendulum bob is approximated by the linear term mgh and additional quadratical term in h, where h is height of the pendulum bob over the reference point. The nonlinear equation of motion of pendulum is solved by the Landau- Migdal method to obtain the frequency of motion and the swing amplitude. While the Foucault pendulum bob moves over the sand surface, our pendulum bob moves in ionosphere. It is not excluded that the pendulum project will be the integral part of the NASA cosmical physics.
Category: Classical Physics

[876] viXra:1604.0278 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-18 19:53:36

Simple Equation for the Free-Fall Time in Air

Authors: Roman Vinokur
Comments: 8 Pages.

One of the most popular topics of physics is the free fall. The first systematic studies was done by Galilei (who allegedly dropped various bodies off the Leaning Tower of Pisa) and Huygens [1]. It should be interesting for students to estimate and compare the free-fall time in vacuum and air. The free vertical fall with quadratic air resistance is well studied analytically [2 - 4, etc.] but the accurate equation for the free-fall time in air is cumbersome for use and interpretation. In this paper, the free-fall time in air is calculated using the new dimensionless number mentioned as the Galilei-Huygens number, a combination of the falling body mass and effective cross-section area, air density, and air drag coefficient. As shown, in most practical cases the free-fall time in air can be closely approximated as the product of the free-fall time in vacuum and a linear function of the Galilei-Huygens number. To illustrate the accuracy of this simple equation, the free-fall time is calculated for various spherical bodies (ping-pong and tennis balls, hailstones, basketball, and track-and-field men’s shot) if dropped off the Leaning Tower of Pisa.
Category: Classical Physics

[875] viXra:1604.0277 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-18 20:00:10

Simple Theory of Thermal Failure in Electric Circuits with a Negative Temperature Coefficient of Resistance

Authors: Roman Vinokur
Comments: 6 Pages.

Using a simple mathematical model (with the final quadratic equation), the paper clearly illustrates elevated risks of thermal failure in the electric systems with a negative temperature coefficient of resistance (in particular, for the electronics elements made of carbon and semiconductors). If the temperature coefficient of resistance is positive, the thermal equilibrium exists at any temperature below the melting point. But if the temperature coefficient of resistance is negative, there are three potential cases depending on cooling: (1) for a relatively low cooling rate, a thermal equilibrium is not feasible and the temperature goes up unlimitedly; (2) for a relatively high cooling rate, there are two thermal equilibrium states, stable and unstable; (3) in the borderline case, there is just one unstable thermal equilibrium. As known, the heat produced in an undercooled electric circuit elevates a risk of thermal failure (for instance, Central Processing Units can generate a notable heat and crash if overheated). Such a risk is higher in the electric circuits with negative temperature coefficients of resistance [1-4], in particular for the elements made of semiconductors (silicon, germanium, etc.). The goal is to illustrate the relevant thermal effects using a simple engineering theory.
Category: Classical Physics

[874] viXra:1604.0269 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-18 10:41:25

Definition in Time

Authors: Junnichi Fujii
Comments: LibreOffice5.0 pdf, 5 pages, 4 figures, Japanese.

現代物理における時間の定義は, フォトンによる電磁相互作用 (光速やセシウムの励起)に依存しているが, 時間の定義としては十分ではない. 4つの仮定のもとで, 時間の定義を, 「時間=作用可能なボソン数」と定義することで, 時間にまつわる6つの問題を, 解決または説明できることを示す. 1つめは, 時間の逆行を原理的に否定できることである. 2つめは, 相対性理論における重力と加速度の等価性をより簡潔に説明できることである. 3つめは, 重力によって時間が遅れることを, 直接的に説明できることである. 4つめは, 空間の歪みをより簡潔に説明できることである. 5つめは, 一般相対性理論の, 強重力下での計算不可能性に対する提案である. 6つめは, 一般相対性理論の, 量子サイズでの計算不可能性に対する提案である.
Category: Classical Physics

[873] viXra:1604.0154 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-09 21:28:11

Wireless Power Amplifier via Short Dipoles

Authors: Xiaodong Liu, Qichang Liang, Yu Liang
Comments: 5 Pages.

A device of power amplifier is invented by coupling a pair of short dipoles or a relay series of short dipoles. The short dipole refers to electric dipole with length less than half wavelength. The short dipole has characteristics of stronger interaction and lower self-resistance. The short dipoles also present complex mutual impedance due to near-field effects. The reflected impedance from the receiver to the transmitter is tuned to pure reactive impedance, which is cancelled out by adding opposite reactive impedance so that the reflected impedance to the transmitter is zero. The induced current in the receiver is larger than the initial current in the transmitter due to the higher mutual impedance and lower self-resistance so that the power is amplified sequentially in relay mode.
Category: Classical Physics

[872] viXra:1604.0151 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-09 04:32:48

The Electromagnetic Wave in the Dielectric and Magnetic Circuit of Alternating Current

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 12 Pages.

A solution to the Maxwell equations for dielectric and magnetic circuit of alternating current is presented. The structure of currents and energy flow is examined.
Category: Classical Physics

[871] viXra:1604.0061 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-05 03:44:52

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Charged Capacitor \\ Электромагнитная волна в заряженном конденсаторе

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 9 Pages. in Russian

It is shown that in a chargeable capacitor spreads an electromagnetic wave, and the mathematical description of the wave is the solution of Maxwell's equations. It is shown that there in charged capacitor stationary flux of electromagnetic energy exist. The energy contained in the capacitor, which is considered to be the electric potential energy, it is electromagnetic energy, which in the capacitor as a stationary flow is stored. \\ Показывается, что в заряжаемом конденсаторе распространяется электромагнитная волна, а математическое описание этой волны является решение уравнений Максвелла. Показывается, что в заряженном конденсаторе существует стационарный поток электромагнитной энергии, а та энергия, которая содержится в конденсаторе и которую принято считать электрической потенциальной энергией, является электромагнитной энергией, хранящейся в конденсаторе в виде стационарного потока.
Category: Classical Physics

[870] viXra:1604.0019 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-03 08:35:10

The Electromagnetic Wave in the Dielectric and Magnetic Circuit of Alternating Current \\ Электромагнитная волна в диэлектрической и магнитной цепи переменного тока

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 13 Pages. in Russian

A solution of Maxwell equations for dielectric and magnetic circuit of alternating current is presented. The structure of currents and energy flows is reviewed. \\ Предлагается решение уравнений Максвелла для диэлектрической и магнитной цепи переменного тока. Рассматривается структура токов и потоков энергии.
Category: Classical Physics

[869] viXra:1603.0427 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-31 21:06:44

Теория эволюции Вселенной. Физика процесса/Theory of the Evolution of the Universe. Physics’s of Process

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 19 Pages. In Russian Robert Yusupov © Theory of the evolution of the Universe. Physics’s of process

В настоящей статье представлена авторская модель эволюционного развития Вселенной (YRA-модель) и представлен график этой модели. Сама Вселенная рассматривается, как составная часть единого тандема «Сингулярность – Вселенная» (СВ). Этот тандем представляет собой единый материальный космологический объект. Это динамический эволюционирующий объект. В его основе лежит движущаяся материя. Эволюционный путь развития тандема СВ и Вселенной конечен во времени и ограничен в пространстве. Вселенная возникла из Сингулярности много лет назад и уйдёт в небытие (в Сингулярность) через много лет в будущем. Новая рожденная Вселенная повторит тот же самый, что и предшествующая, но всё же свой уникальный, собственный цикл эволюционного развития. Это будет другая Вселенная, и это будет другая эволюция. Окончание эволюции нашей Вселенной в далёком будущем завершится Большим вселенским схлопом (БВС), когда вся материя Вселенной за один миг собирается или «схлопывывается» в Сингулярности. Этот Большой вселенский схлоп (БВС) в свою очередь станет материальным «первотолчком» для начала новой эволюции новой Вселенной. Таков циклический путь эволюции, эволюционного развития Вселенной. Это закон природы. Природа – это объективная материальная реальность, первичная сущность. Ничего в материальном мире, окружающем нас, стоящего вне природы, за природой, над природой нет. Нет никакого наблюдателя за природой. В природе нет никакого бога, никакого дьявола, никакой абсолютной идеи, никакой вселенской воли! В природе есть только материя и законы ее движения и развития! Эта статья также, как и все другие мои статьи, размещённые на этом сайте (vixra.org), являются препринтами. ---------- Ключевые слова: природа, материя, Вселенная, Сингулярность, абсолютное вселенское время, абсолютный возраст Вселенной, крупица материи. ---------- In the present article the author's model of evolutionary development of the Universe (YRA-model) and a graph of this model are presented. The Universe is considered, how a component of a uniform tandem of the «Singularity – Universe» (SU). This tandem represents the uniform material (from the word matter) cosmology object. It is the dynamic dialectic evolving object. In its basis the moving matter lies. The evolutionary way of the development of the tandem SU and the whole Universe are limited in the time. The tandem SU and the whole Universe is limited in the volume and space. The Universe has arisen from the Singularity many years ago and will leave in a non-existence (into the Singularity) in many years in the future. The new born Universe will repeat the same, as previous, but nevertheless the unique own cycle of evolutionary development. It will be a new and other Universe and it will be a new and other evolution. The termination of the evolution of our Universe in the far future will come to the end Big Universal Skhlop (or Shift) (BUS), when the whole matter of the Universe for one instant gathers or shifts into the Singularity. This Big Universal Skhlop (or Shift) (BUS) in turn becomes the first matter impulse to start new evolution of the new Universe. Such is a cyclic way of the evolutionary development of the Universe. It is the nature law. Nature is an objective material (from the word matter) reality, the primary entity. Nothing in the material world around us standing outside of the nature or behind of the nature or above the nature is present. There is no observer of the nature. In the nature there is no god, no devil, no absolute idea, no universal will. In nature there is only matter and laws of its motion and development! This article also, as well as all other my articles placed on this site (vixra.org), are the pre-prints. ---------- Keywords: nature, matter, the Universe, the Singularity, absolute universal time, absolute age of the Universe, atom of the matter.
Category: Classical Physics

[868] viXra:1603.0423 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-31 14:57:47

Unified Description of All Force

Authors: Junichi Hashimoto
Comments: 27 pages

This universe is the so-called "clockwork organization". If a metagalaxy is compared to "clock", each "part" of which that's composed will be each object (galaxy, star, elements and atom). Those have to be equipped with the individuality in the purpose which is the organization. It's possible to be continuing this universe by existence's with the peculiar feature in the size, the mass and speed harmonizing in one structure. The natural world is formed by such harmony principle. If it's so, to elucidate such mechanizm of harmony has to be the main purpose of physical science. Certainly, physicists were approaching mystery of its harmony sharply under the vision as action through medium. But the try didn't succeed. Such try was effective by the part, but maybe that couldn't finish catching the natural true form. So I stand as the vision as action at a distance and have advanced a study originally. Each members in this world considered to be harmonized each other by exerting the force each other by action at a distance, and "relationship physics" was produced newly. As a result, I succeeded to explain all force which exists in the natural world in one structure.
Category: Classical Physics

[867] viXra:1603.0406 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-30 08:27:44

Universe Discrete and Reality Granular

Authors: Alberto Coe
Comments: 12 Pages.

Is reality continuous or discrete ? As for the matter and the energy , both are composed of concrete elements : photons , electrons , molecules…Therefore it is pertinent to ask whether spacetime is made of any type of discrete , elementary ingredients . A preliminary approach to this issue is presented . It consists of numerical and geometric equivalences. The introduction of few parameters will help us to analyze some physical and cosmological subjects.
Category: Classical Physics

[866] viXra:1603.0319 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-21 23:53:44

(Chinese)transcend the Conservation Law

Authors: GuangSan Yu
Comments: 9 Pages. This paper is Chinese

In turn kinetics of the classical mechanics, there is a serious error, namely the notion of the torque. Via the arm of force that vary the torque, can vary the dimension of the force, this is wrong. But turn kinetics and whole theory system, is to regard the notion of this kind of torque as the foundation, moreover establish create. Thereupon, the hitherto of thereinto the turn kinetics, abound the multifarious mistake. In complete of the slewing kinetics of the inertia locomotion, the notion of the torque is meaningless. That with torque extraordinary resemble react, the is other concept Inertia-torque. Inertia-torque is mass and arm of force product at object or particle. Similar in this way through rectification after, the slewing kinetics will have the grand change. And thereupon we can also achieve, versus physics several celebrated conservation law of the exceed. The world science will have a grand advancement.
Category: Classical Physics

[865] viXra:1603.0260 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-18 06:48:23

The Electromagnetic Wave in Alternating Current Wire

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 18 Pages.

A solution of Maxwell equations for alternating current wire is presented. The structure of currents and energy flows is reviewed.
Category: Classical Physics

[864] viXra:1603.0246 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-16 14:17:53

Not Contradictory Solution of Maxwell's Equations \\ Непротиворечивое решение уравнений Максвелла

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 71 Pages. in Russian

A new solution of Maxwell's equations for vacuum and for wire is presented. First it must be noted that the proof of the solution's uniqueness is based on the Law of energy conservation which is not observed (for instantaneous values) in the known solution. The presented solution does not violate the Law of energy conservation. Besides, in this solution the electrical and magnetic components of intensity are shifted in phase. Technical applications of this decision is reviewed. \\ Предлагается новое решение уравнений Максвелла для вакуума и для провода с постоянным и переменным током. Предварительно отмечается, что доказательство единственности известного решения основано на законе сохранения энергии, который не соблюдается (для мгновенных значений) в известном решении. Рассматриваются технические приложения полученного решения.
Category: Classical Physics

[863] viXra:1603.0193 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-12 16:43:21

Practiczal Application of Virtual Conductor Magnetic System

Authors: Mark Krinker, Leonid Tkach
Comments: 8 Pages.

The paper considers a practical possibility to extract a portion of the hidden Ampere's current in the magnets. The extracted currents act as a powered conductor which develops a net force in the uniform magnetic field. In the experiments, the value of the extracted current was as mush as 160 A. Such the current reduced a weight of the magnetic system and developed its linear motion, as well. The video experiments demonstrate this.
Category: Classical Physics

[862] viXra:1603.0153 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-09 20:37:54

Null Result for Prediction of Asymmetrical Anomalous Force from Frustum-shaped RF Resonant Cavity.

Authors: E. Samsonov
Comments: 11 pages, 9 figures

This paper describes the experiment conducted by the author to verify predictions of the controversial theory by R. Shawyer where a frustum-shaped RF resonant cavity (“EmDrive”) is expected to produce an asymmetrical anomalous force. A resonant cavity has been designed, simulated, and constructed, followed by a dynamic test on a pendulum platform while being energized with approximately 30W of RF power at the TE012 resonance mode. No force resulting from the application of RF energy has been detected within the resolution of the experimental setup. Spurious forces of thermal origin have been observed.
Category: Classical Physics

[861] viXra:1603.0132 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-08 11:02:59

Electrostatic Effect on Magnet // Электростатическое влияние на магнит

Authors: Bogdan Szenkaryk "Pinopa"
Comments: 5 Pages. Contact the Author - ratunek.nauki(at)onet.pl

We all know about the existence of differing effects - magnetic and electrostatic. In the article is presented interaction which connects the magnetism and electrostatics. Using the interaction of magnet and the charged object you may present a phenomenon in the form of stream of protoelectrons (electrons). The stream of protoelectrons around the electrified object has a direction "from" or "to" the object and when it encounters on its way a magnet, it moves it in the proper direction. The direction of displacement of the magnet is also dependent on the direction of spinning motion of protoelectrons around the magnet, or in other words, depends on the position of the poles of the magnet. // Все знают о существовании отличающихся друг от друга воздействий - магнитных и электростатических. В статье представлено взаимодействие, которое соединяет магнетизм и электростатику. Используя взаимодействие магнита и электрически заряженного объекта, можно представлять явление в виде потока протоэлектронов (электронов). Поток протоэлектронов вокруг наэлектризованного объекта имеет направление "от" или "на" объект и, когда он встречает на своем пути магнит, перемещает его в соответствующем направлении. Направление смещения магнита также зависит от направления кругового движения протоэлектронов вокруг магнита, или, иными словами, зависит от положения полюсов магнита.
Category: Classical Physics

[860] viXra:1603.0131 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-08 11:15:47

The Effects of the Fundamental Interactions of Matter // Последствия Фундаментального Воздействия Материи

Authors: Bogdan Szenkaryk "Pinopa"
Comments: 18 Pages. Contact the Author - ratunek.nauki(at)onet.pl

With effects of the Fundamental Interactions of Matter (FIM) we deal in any place and at any time. Every phenomenon in the universe and every living creature exists and functions based on FIM. The four depicted effects of actions of FIM are just four examples of the unlimited number of various manifestations of FIM. // Влияние фундаментальных взаимодействий материи (ФВМ) мы имеем дело в любом месте и в любое время. Каждое явление Вселенной и каждое живое существо существует и работает с базой для ФВМ. Четыре картины эффекты ФВМ лишь четыре примера неограниченного числа различных проявлений ФВМ.
Category: Classical Physics

[859] viXra:1603.0113 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-07 12:01:55

Myths of Physics of the Twentieth Century // Мифы физики XX века

Authors: Bogdan Szenkaryk "Pinopa"
Comments: 14 Pages. Contact the Author - ratunek.nauki(at)onet.pl

In physics are well-known such concepts as force, electric charge, force carriers, curvature of space. In the article the author shows how due to improper understanding of the meaning of concepts they gained a mythical character. The mythical nature of the physical concepts made the greatest damage in the minds of the creators of physics. And those physicists contributed to the "chutzpah" ideas in physics. An example is the electric charge. Because of excess and loss of electrons in certain places, these places are marked with "+" and "-". For mathematical purposes there was created the concept of the unit of charge. A "mythical" change in the minds of physicists contributed to the creation of quantum mechanics, in which the quark has, for example, charge "+2/3". What is the physical meaning of this kind of determination - what exist in nature and is hiding under this term - don't even know themselves the creators of physics. // В физике хорошо известны такие понятия, как: сила, электрический заряд, передача взаимодействий, кривизна пространства. В статье автор показывает, как, из-за недостаточного понимания значений понятий, они приобрели мифический характер. Этот мифический характер физических понятий наибольший ущерб принес умам создателей физики. И эти физики внесли свой вклад в виде "хуцпарских" идей в физике. Примером может служить электрический заряд. Из-за избытка и дефицита электронов в некоторых местах эти места помечались знаками "+" и "-". Для вычислительных целей было создано понятие единичного заряда. А "мифические" изменения в умах физиков способствовали созданию квантовой механики, в которой кварк имеет, например, электрический заряд "+2/3". Каков физический смысл такого рода определения - что в природе существует и скрывается под этим термином - этого не знают даже сами создатели физики.
Category: Classical Physics

[858] viXra:1603.0104 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-06 19:15:09

Newton's Cradle Pendulum Experiment

Authors: Mihai Grumazescu
Comments: 5 Pages.

Triple axis accelerometers attached to the central balls of a Newton's cradle pendulum reveal, along with the expected horizontal acceleration, an unexpected vertical acceleration following the impact with the first ball. This effect can be explained through a switch in the initially vertically oriented kinetic dipoles in each ball to a horizontal direction as a result of the force of impact. The central balls experience a vertical acceleration because, for a moment, the balls are less heavy since not all their kinetic dipoles continue to push downwardly as before the impact. After transmitting the impact force to the next ball, each central ball switch back its horizontal kinetic dipoles to the initial vertical orientation. The delay between the horizontal and vertical signals provided by the accelerometers also reveal a relaxation time of the kinetic dipoles' change of direction.
Category: Classical Physics

[857] viXra:1603.0079 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-05 11:09:36

A Simple Description of the World // Простое описание мира

Authors: Bogdan Szenkaryk "Pinopa"
Comments: 29 Pages. Contact the Author - ratunek.nauki(at)onet.pl

The world and the occurring in it phenomena can be described in many ways. The author presents a way of describing the world and phenomena, which is extremely simple. His ideas fully fall within the framework of classical physics. Delineation of several phenomena confirm that the world can be described by means of words in a conceivable and logical way. The most important factor in the process of cognition of the world should be experimental facts and mathematics in this process should play a role of a humble servant. // Мир и происходящие в нем явления можно описывать многими способами. Автор представляет способ описания мира и явлений, который есть необычайно простой. Его идеи полностью содержатся в рамках классической физики. Представленные описания нескольких явлений подтверждают, что мир можно описывать при помощи слов воображаемым и логическим способом. Наиболее важным фактором в процессе познания мира должны быть экспериментальные факты. А математика должна в этом процессе выполнять роль скромной служанки.
Category: Classical Physics

[856] viXra:1603.0078 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-05 09:30:13

Astronomical and Mythical Comparisons of the Creation

Authors: Ivar Nielsen
Comments: 10 Pages.

Stories of Creation are found in cultures all over the World, but what do they really tell? Do they speak about a creation of the entire Universe and of a beginning? Or do the “just” speak of the creation of our Milky Way galaxy and of an eternal creation? It is my firm conviction that the latter is the fact. Ancient myths explains the pre-conditions and factual creation of our Milky Way, but our ancestors also knew of other “Islands floating or sailing in the Cosmic Ocean”.
Category: Classical Physics

[855] viXra:1603.0065 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-04 11:03:50

Renovation of Sense of Criticism, or We Create Another Physics // Реновация чувства критицизма или Создаём иную физику

Authors: Bogdan Szenkaryk "Pinopa"
Comments: Pages.

In the article the author draws attention to the fact that the same experimental facts can be seen and interpreted in different ways. There are presented two different images of the structure of matter and phenomena occurring in it. One image is presented in quantum mechanics and Einstein's theories of relativity, and the second image is presented in Constructive Field Theory. Renovation of sense of criticism can help you choose the correct image, in which is contained both imagination and logical thinking. // В статье автор обращает внимание на то, что одни и те же экспериментальные факты можно видеть и интерпретировать по-разному. Представлены два различные образы строения материи и происходящих в ней явлений. Один образ представлен в квантовой механике и в теориях относительности Эйнштейна, а второй образ представлен в Конструктивной Теории Поля. Реновация чувства критицизма может помочь в выборе правильного образа, в котором содержится и воображение, и логическое мышление.
Category: Classical Physics

[854] viXra:1603.0056 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-04 08:50:23

A Particle of Matter Corpuscle and Wave // Частица материи Корпускула и волна

Authors: Bogdan Szenkaryk "Pinopa"
Comments: 7 Pages. Contact the Author - ratunek.nauki(at)onet.pl

In the article the author presents a few examples of the specific behavior of neutrons. These examples of behavior were identified during physical experiments. With reference to the experimental facts in the article there are presented properties of fundamental particles of matter - such as those presented in Constructive Field Theory - there is presented the role of these characteristics in the process of creating of material structures. There is presented secondary importance of electrons for these processes. There are presented causes of two various ways of manifestation of properties of particles of matter - in some conditions, the particles behave as should behave particles, and in other circumstances behave like waves. // В статье автор представляет несколько примеров особенного поведения нейтронов. Эти примеры поведения были обнаружены во время физических опытов. Ссылаясь на эти экспериментальные факты, в статье представлены свойства фундаментальных частиц материи - такие как представленные в Конструктивной Теория Поля - представлена роль этих свойств в процессах создания материальных структур. Представлено вторичное значение электронов для этих процессов. Представлены причины двух различных способов проявления свойств частиц материи - в некоторых условиях частицы ведут себя так, как должны вести себя частицы, а в других обстоятельствах ведут себя как волны.
Category: Classical Physics

[853] viXra:1603.0054 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-04 10:21:03

The Hydrogen Atom What's Most Important // Атом водорода то что самое важное

Authors: Bogdan Szenkaryk "Pinopa"
Comments: 20 Pages. Contact the Author - ratunek.nauki(at)onet.pl

In the article is presented the structure of a hydrogen atom and the importance of its structural components. The structure of the hydrogen atom is described by a different concept than shown in quantum mechanics. In the Constructive Field Theory fundamental components of hydrogen atoms and all other atoms are protons, neutrons and protoelectrons, not quarks. These three constituents of matter have very simple properties. Despite this, they suffice for logical description of all natural phenomena. In the article are minutely described interactions that occur between the fundamental constituents of matter, which are the basis for the formation of the existing structures of matter and the creation of all phenomena in nature. // В статье представлено строение атома водорода и важность его структурных компонентов. Конструкция атома водорода описывается по иной концепции, чем показано в квантовой механике. В Конструктивной Теории Поля фундаментальными компонентами атомов водорода и всех других атомов есть протоны, нейтроны и протоэлектроны, а не кварки. Эти три составляющие материи имеют очень простые свойства. Несмотря на это, они достаточны для логического описания всех явлений природы. В статье подробно описаны взаимодействия, происходящие между фундаментальными составляющими материи, которые являются основой для формирования существующих в материи структур и создания всех природных явлений.
Category: Classical Physics

[852] viXra:1603.0046 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-03 21:33:52

The Cancellation of Diffraction In Wave Fields

Authors: Vladimir F. Tamari
Comments: 18 Pages. Originally published in 1987 in Optoelectronics - Devices and Technologies

A new model that describes the diffraction effect is presented, based on the concept of streamlined flow similar to that in fluid or aerodynamics. The field's energy follows curved paths around the diffracting obstacle, unlike the complicated network of straight interfering rays used in the Huygens-Fresnel wavelet concept or Young's explanation of diffraction as scattering of radiation from the aperture rim. Streamline Diffraction Theory (SDT), based on the equation of continuity In Maxwell's formulation for electromagnetic fields, suggests that it is possible to rectify or de-diffract (DD) the field by simple focusing methods near the aperture edge, thereby obtaining superresolution in the focused image, and non-diverging beams such as lasers. These concepts are describe qualitatively and heuristically, and some simple experiments that demonstrate DD are given.
Category: Classical Physics

[851] viXra:1603.0045 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-03 21:36:37

Diffraction to De-Diffraction

Authors: Vladimir F. Tamari
Comments: 8 Pages.

De-diffraction (DD), a new procedure to totally cancel diffraction effects from wave-fields is presented, whereby the full field from an aperture is utilized and a truncated geometrical field is obtained, allowing infinitely sharp focusing and non-diverging beams. This is done by reversing a diffracted wave-fields’ direction. The method is derived from the wave equation and demonstrated in the case of Kirchhoff’s integral. An elementary bow-wavelet is described and the DD process is related to quantum and relativity theories.
Category: Classical Physics

[850] viXra:1603.0033 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-03 06:53:11

Show Streams Ether // Показ потоков эфира

Authors: Bogdan Szenkaryk "Pinopa"
Comments: 6 Pages. Contact the Author - ratunek.nauki(at)onet.pl

In the article there are presented phenomena, which are not met in everyday life. Shown in the phenomena behaviours of matter as a result of action of sound waves requires to preserve of special conditions. These phenomena confirm the existence of subtle matter, which in the nineteenth-century physics was called ether. // В статье представлены явдения, которые не встречаются в ежедневной жизни. Показанное в явлениях поведение материи в результате воздействия звуковых волн требует сохранения особых условий. Эти явления подтверждают существование тонкой материи, которая в физике девятнадцатого века называлась эфиром.
Category: Classical Physics

[849] viXra:1603.0031 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-03 07:19:35

Law Negligible Activity in the // Закон ничтожного действия в акции

Authors: Bogdan Szenkaryk "Pinopa"
Comments: 5 Pages. Contact the Author - ratunek.nauki(at)onet.pl

The article describes the law of insignificant action. It is presented by using an example in which there undergoes interaction between the two models of particles in a computer program. To modeling the course of the phenomenon of particles collision served modeling computer program BlowStand1.exe. // В статье описан закон ничтожного действия. Он представлен с использованием примера, в котором происходит взаимное воздействие моделей двух частиц в компьютерной программе. Для моделирования течения явления столкновения частиц была использована моделирующая компьютерная программа BlowStand1.exe.
Category: Classical Physics

[848] viXra:1603.0029 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-03 07:56:01

Magnetic Vortices How They Cheat // Магнитные вихри как они обманывают

Authors: Bogdan Szenkaryk "Pinopa"
Comments: 2 Pages. Contact the Author - ratunek.nauki(at)onet.pl

In the article is presented an error associated with magnetism that has existed in theoretical physics for over two hundred years. The author corrects the mistake, explaining its essence and giving the correct interpretation of the phenomenon of magnetism. // В статье показана связанная с магнетизмом ошибка, которая в теоретической физике существует уже свыше двести лет. Автор в статье исправляет эту ошибку, выясняя её суть и представляя правильную интерпретацию явления магнетизма
Category: Classical Physics

[847] viXra:1603.0028 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-03 08:06:23

Two Hundred Fraud in Theoretical Physics // Двухсотлетнее мошенничество в теоретической физике

Authors: Bogdan Szenkaryk "Pinopa"
Comments: 4 Pages. Contact the Author - ratunek.nauki(at)onet.pl

The presented in the article two-hundred-year deception consists in the fact that the current knowledge on interactions of magnets and electromagnetism has been shaped without a rigorous experimental testing. Researchers of nature either didn't notice that the interaction (attraction and repulsion) between two electric cables, with the same distance between them is different, or noticed it, but did not reveal this fact, because they couldn't logically explain it. // Представленное в статье двухсотлетнее мошеничество заключается в том, что теперешнее знание на тему воздействия магнитов и электромагнетизма было сформировано при отсутствии строгих экспериментальных исследований. Исследователи природы либо не заметили, что воздействие (притяжение и отталкивание) двух проводников с электрическим током, при одном и том же расстоянии между ними, имеет различную величину, либо заметили это, но не раскрыли этого факта, потому что не умели его логически объяснить.
Category: Classical Physics

[846] viXra:1603.0020 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-02 14:54:55

The Electromagnetic Wave in the Wire with Alternating Current \\ Электромагнитная волна в проводе переменного тока

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 18 Pages. in Russian

A solution of Maxwell's equations for the wire with Alternating Current is presented. We consider the structures of currents and energy flows. \\ Предлагается решение уравнений Максвелла для провода переменного тока. Рассматривается структура токов и потоков энергии.
Category: Classical Physics

[845] viXra:1603.0019 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-02 11:08:18

Principle MSP Non-Absolute Truth // Принцип МПП Неабсолютная Истина

Authors: Bogdan Szenkaryk "Pinopa"
Comments: 4 Pages. Contact the Author - ratunek.nauki(at)onet.pl

In the article the author presents an example of the non-absolute truth according to the Galileo-Pinopa version. This non-absolute truth refers to interaction of all components of matter. But at the same time it refers to the only one phenomenon that controls all these interactions and on which depends the course of all the phenomena that occur in matter. All these phenomena we see as very complex, because the perception and logical description of phenomena takes place thanks to very complex properties of our consciousness. // В статье автор представляет пример неабсолютной истины в версии Галилея-Пинопы. Эта неабсолютная истина касается взаимного воздействия друг с другом всех компонентов материи. Но одновременно касается единственного явления, которое управляет этими всеми воздействиями и от которого зависит течение всех явлений, которые проявляют себя в материи. Все эти явления мы видим как очень сложные, потому что восприятие и логическое описание явлений происходит благодаря очень сложным свойствам нашего сознания.
Category: Classical Physics

[844] viXra:1603.0018 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-02 11:08:27

Epochal Experiment for Pennies // Эпохальный эксперимент за копейки

Authors: Bogdan Szenkaryk "Pinopa"
Comments: 4 Pages. Contact the Author - ratunek.nauki(at)onet.pl

The author presents a phenomenon that depends on the mutual repulsion of magnets (like poles). Changes in action of magnets, occurring with a change in the distance, however, take other course than shown in today's academic physics. The author explains the reasons for such behaviour of magnets. For this purpose, he presents the mathematical dependence, which correctly describes the nature of magnets in their mutual repulsion. // Автор представляет явление, которое заключается на взаимном отталкивании магнитов (одноименными полюсами). Однако изменения воздействия магнитов в зависимости от расстояния проходят совсем другим способом, чем это представляет современная академическая физика. Автор выясняет причины такого поведения магнитов. Для этого он представляет математическую зависимость, которая правильно описывает характер воздействия магнитов при их взаимном отталкивании.
Category: Classical Physics

[843] viXra:1603.0014 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-02 10:13:48

Each System is Hamiltonian, and it is Quantizable. Quantum Systems Are Classical Systems

Authors: Domenico Oricchio
Comments: 2 Pages.

Each dynamical system is Hamiltonian. Each dynamical system is quantizable. Each quantum system is a classical system.
Category: Classical Physics

Replacements of recent Submissions

[384] viXra:1607.0202 [pdf] replaced on 2016-07-18 08:06:02

Релятивистская механика в модели 4D-среды

Authors: Valeriy Skorobogatov
Comments: 4 Pages. Устранена ошибка

В модели четырехмерной среды определена функция Лагранжа для вихря, которая имеет тот же вид, что и функция Лагранжа свободной частицы в теории относительности. В дополнении приведена формула для общего выражения силы.
Category: Classical Physics

[383] viXra:1606.0331 [pdf] replaced on 2016-07-03 07:07:15

Specific Features of Time Dilation During Circular Movement

Authors: Vadim N. Matvejev, Oleg V. Matvejev
Comments: 9 Pages.

The paper considers observations of the transverse Doppler effect by an observer located in the center of a circle with a large diameter and observers, who are in motion at relativistic velocity around a circle. Keywords: special relativity, transverse Doppler effect, aberration of light, blueshift, redshift
Category: Classical Physics

[382] viXra:1606.0330 [pdf] replaced on 2016-07-03 03:06:42

Задача о недогадливых пришельцах, или популярное изложение поперечного эффекта Доплера.

Authors: Vadim N. Matvejev, Oleg V. Matvejev
Comments: 11 Pages. In Russian

В статье рассматривается зависимость результатов наблюдения поперечного эффекта Доплера от приписанной себе наблюдателем относительной скорости. The article discusses the dependence of the results of observation of the transverse Doppler effect from attributed to an observer relative velocity .
Category: Classical Physics

[381] viXra:1606.0100 [pdf] replaced on 2016-06-10 22:57:43

The Gravitational Constant May not be Constant: Correlation of Gravitational Constant Measurements with Ambient Gravitation

Authors: DT Froedge
Comments: 7 Pages. The scatter in the Gravitational Constant measurements may not be random

There is a long history of measuring the gravitational constant starting with Henry Cavendish in the 1700’s,[1], and in the last 15 years there has been a focused on refining the value with more modern technology, and precision instrumentation. Unfortunately the value is hard to pin down, and as the error bars of the various experiments at labs around the world get smaller the values are not the same and even the error bars are not overlapping. This paper evaluates the relation between the most precision measurements over the last 15 years, and the ambient gravitation at the location of the measurement. Although there may be some errors in the exact value of the ambient gravitation due to the exact location of the lab making the measurement, the errors are not significant enough to make a difference in the conclusion. There is a definite relationship between the measured gravitational constant and the ambient value of the background gravitation. This paper presents the data illustrating the correlation.
Category: Classical Physics

[380] viXra:1605.0246 [pdf] replaced on 2016-07-16 22:46:01

New The Formula For Law Of Gravity

Authors: GuagSan Yu
Comments: 2 Pages.

Newton's second law and Newton's third law has proven to be wrong, then including the law of gravity into account, but also need make the appropriate modification. Following will be given the new formula the law of gravity, corresponding to the new calculations, a lot of specific data astronomical observations, may be subject to change. Such as mass of celestial bodies, and the size of gravity between celestial bodies, are likely to change. So far variety of astronomical data, should all be recalculated.
Category: Classical Physics

[379] viXra:1605.0227 [pdf] replaced on 2016-07-16 22:38:02

(Chinese)New The Formula For Law Of Gravity

Authors: GuagSan Yu
Comments: 2 Pages. This paper is Chinese

Newton the second laws with Newton the third laws have been wrong by the proof, include the law of gravity so in the inside, also should be amended accordingly. Below will give new formula of the law of gravity, opposite to new calculation, a lot of particular datas that astronomy observation, all may have the changes. For example celestial body the mass, and the size of the gravitation of heavenly body, all may have the changes. Thereby every kind of astronomy data up to the present, all want afresh the calculation.
Category: Classical Physics

[378] viXra:1605.0122 [pdf] replaced on 2016-06-21 02:00:06

The Periodic Table Shape Possible to Coincide with a Proton Distribution

Authors: Jianping Mao
Comments: 16 Pages. A correspondence between the very short 1, short 2-3, long 4-5, very long 6-7 periods and basic, light, mid, heavy nuclei reveals that the periodic table is an amplifying shape of atomic nuclei to some extent.

The periodic table shape seems to coincide with a folding crystal structure of atomic nuclei, an orderly distribution of protons (nucleons) nearly the same as Lewis dot structure, which will grow vertical 4 A (representative), 4 B (transition) and 8 C (inner transition) α-clusters bound with valency neutrons (excess neutrons, ~ A﹣2Z) to stand a core (1st period) of likely expanding in Co, Ni, Rh and Pd. In a typical fission of 235U+n→137Ba+97Kr+2n, 137Ba and 97Kr mass difference is suggested to result from the 16 α-clusters cleft into 9:7 (±1 A α-cluster, 5 α × 2 = 40) and 2n release from valency neutrons in its cleft line; also, cleft into 15:1 implies to point to that α-cluster (1 C ≥ 4He, 1 B ≥ 12C, 1 A ≥ 20Ne) decay. To cross nuclei, atoms and molecules, here a way may enable us closer to nature of the periodic table, the periodic law of dominating their behaviors.
Category: Classical Physics

[377] viXra:1604.0371 [pdf] replaced on 2016-05-28 06:34:03

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Spherical Capacitor and the Nature of Earth Magnetism

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 21 Pages.

A solution of the Maxwell equations for the electromagnetic wave in a spherical capacitor which is included in an alternating current circuit or in an constant current circuit is proposed. A hypothesis of the Earth magnetism nature is presented on the basis of this solution.
Category: Classical Physics

[376] viXra:1604.0371 [pdf] replaced on 2016-05-23 13:49:26

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Spherical Capacitor and the Nature of Earth Magnetism

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 21 Pages.

A solution of the Maxwell equations for the electromagnetic wave in a spherical capacitor which is included in an alternating current circuit or in an constant current circuit is proposed. A hypothesis of the Earth magnetism nature is presented on the basis of this solution.
Category: Classical Physics

[375] viXra:1604.0371 [pdf] replaced on 2016-05-11 10:21:04

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Spherical Capacitor and the Nature of Earth Magnetism

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 19 Pages.

A solution of the Maxwell equations for the electromagnetic wave in a spherical capacitor which is included in an alternating current circuit or in an constant current circuit is proposed. A hypothesis of the Earth magnetism nature is presented on the basis of this solution.
Category: Classical Physics

[374] viXra:1604.0355 [pdf] replaced on 2016-05-28 06:32:33

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Spherical Capacitor and the Nature of Earth Magnetism \\ Электромагнитная волна в сферическом конденсаторе и природа Земного магнетизма

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 21 Pages.

A solution of the Maxwell equations for the electromagnetic wave in a spherical capacitor which is included in an alternating current circuit or in an constant current circuit is proposed. A hypothesis of the Earth magnetism nature is presented on the basis of this solution. \\ Предлагается решение уравнений Максвелла для электромагнитной волны в сферическом конденсаторе который включен в цепь переменного или постоянного тока. На основе этого решения предлагается гипотеза о природе Земного магнетизма.
Category: Classical Physics

[373] viXra:1604.0355 [pdf] replaced on 2016-05-23 14:20:58

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Spherical Capacitor and the Nature of Earth Magnetism \\ Электромагнитная волна в сферическом конденсаторе и природа Земного магнетизма

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 21 Pages.

A solution of the Maxwell equations for the electromagnetic wave in a spherical capacitor which is included in an alternating current circuit or in an constant current circuit is proposed. A hypothesis of the Earth magnetism nature is presented on the basis of this solution. \\ Предлагается решение уравнений Максвелла для электромагнитной волны в сферическом конденсаторе который включен в цепь переменного или постоянного тока. На основе этого решения предлагается гипотеза о природе Земного магнетизма.
Category: Classical Physics

[372] viXra:1604.0355 [pdf] replaced on 2016-05-11 10:18:48

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Spherical Capacitor and the Nature of Earth Magnetism \\ Электромагнитная волна в сферическом конденсаторе и природа Земного магнетизма

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 20 Pages.

A solution of the Maxwell equations for the electromagnetic wave in a spherical capacitor which is included in an alternating current circuit or in an constant current circuit is proposed. A hypothesis of the Earth magnetism nature is presented on the basis of this solution. \\ Предлагается решение уравнений Максвелла для электромагнитной волны в сферическом конденсаторе который включен в цепь переменного или постоянного тока. На основе этого решения предлагается гипотеза о природе Земного магнетизма.
Category: Classical Physics

[371] viXra:1604.0355 [pdf] replaced on 2016-05-06 13:57:15

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Spherical Capacitor and the Nature of Earth Magnetism \\ Электромагнитная волна в сферическом конденсаторе и природа Земного магнетизма

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 15 Pages.

A solution of the Maxwell equations for the electromagnetic wave in a spherical capacitor which is included in an alternating current circuit or in an constant current circuit is proposed. A hypothesis of the Earth magnetism nature is presented on the basis of this solution. \\ Предлагается решение уравнений Максвелла для электромагнитной волны в сферическом конденсаторе который включен в цепь переменного или постоянного тока. На основе этого решения предлагается гипотеза о природе Земного магнетизма.
Category: Classical Physics

[370] viXra:1604.0355 [pdf] replaced on 2016-04-28 06:39:45

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Spherical Capacitor and the Nature of Earth Magnetism \\ Электромагнитная волна в сферическом конденсаторе и природа Земного магнетизма

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 15 Pages.

A solution of the Maxwell equations for the electromagnetic wave in a spherical capacitor which is included in an alternating current circuit or in an constant current circuit is proposed. A hypothesis of the Earth magnetism nature is presented on the basis of this solution. \\ Предлагается решение уравнений Максвелла для электромагнитной волны в сферическом конденсаторе который включен в цепь переменного или постоянного тока. На основе этого решения предлагается гипотеза о природе Земного магнетизма.
Category: Classical Physics

[369] viXra:1604.0061 [pdf] replaced on 2016-05-08 06:34:22

The Electromagnetic Wave in a Charged Capacitor \\ Электромагнитная волна в заряженном конденсаторе

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 10 Pages.

It is shown that in a chargeable capacitor spreads an electromagnetic wave, and the mathematical description of the wave is the solution of Maxwell's equations. It is shown that there in charged capacitor stationary flux of electromagnetic energy exist. The energy contained in the capacitor, which is considered to be the electric potential energy, it is electromagnetic energy, which in the capacitor as a stationary flow is stored. \\ Показывается, что в заряжаемом конденсаторе распространяется электромагнитная волна, а математическое описание этой волны является решение уравнений Максвелла. Показывается, что в заряженном конденсаторе существует стационарный поток электромагнитной энергии, а та энергия, которая содержится в конденсаторе и которую принято считать электрической потенциальной энергией, является электромагнитной энергией, хранящейся в конденсаторе в виде стационарного потока.
Category: Classical Physics

[368] viXra:1603.0260 [pdf] replaced on 2016-04-02 15:30:03

The Electromagnetic Wave in Alternating Current Wire

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 19 Pages.

A solution of Maxwell equations for alternating current wire is presented. The structure of currents and energy flows is reviewed.
Category: Classical Physics

[367] viXra:1603.0246 [pdf] replaced on 2016-07-04 13:32:05

Inconsistency Solution of Maxwell's Equations \\ Непротиворечивое решение уравнений Максвелла

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: Pages.

A new solution of Maxwell's equations for a vacuum, for wire with constant and alternating current, for the capacitor, for the sphere, etc is presented. First it must be noted that the proof of the solution's uniqueness is based on the Law of energy conservation which is not observed (for instantaneous values) in the known solution. The presented solution does not violate the Law of energy conservation. Besides, in this solution the electrical and magnetic components of intensity are shifted in phase. Technical applications of this decision is reviewed. \\ Предлагается новое решение уравнений Максвелла для вакуума, для провода с постоянным и переменным током, для конденсатора, для сферы и т.д. Предварительно отмечается, что доказательство единственности известного решения основано на законе сохранения энергии, который не соблюдается (для мгновенных значений) в известном решении. Предлагаемое решение •описывает волну в вакууме и волну в проводе, •не противоречит закону сохранения энергии в каждый момент времени, т.е. устанавливает постоянство плотности потока электромагнитной энергии во времени, •выявляет сдвиг фаз между электрическими и магнитными напряженностями, •объясняет существование потока энергии вдоль провода, равного потребляемой мощности. Рассматриваются технические приложения полученного решения.
Category: Classical Physics

[366] viXra:1603.0246 [pdf] replaced on 2016-06-19 05:13:45

Not Contradictory Solution of Maxwell's Equations \\ Непротиворечивое решение уравнений Максвелла

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 142 Pages.

A new solution of Maxwell's equations for vacuum and for wire is presented. First it must be noted that the proof of the solution's uniqueness is based on the Law of energy conservation which is not observed (for instantaneous values) in the known solution. The presented solution does not violate the Law of energy conservation. Besides, in this solution the electrical and magnetic components of intensity are shifted in phase. Technical applications of this decision is reviewed. \\ Предлагается новое решение уравнений Максвелла для вакуума и для провода с постоянным и переменным током. Предварительно отмечается, что доказательство единственности известного решения основано на законе сохранения энергии, который не соблюдается (для мгновенных значений) в известном решении. Рассматриваются технические приложения полученного решения.
Category: Classical Physics

[365] viXra:1603.0246 [pdf] replaced on 2016-04-03 15:16:58

Not Contradictory Solution of Maxwell's Equations \\ Непротиворечивое решение уравнений Максвелла

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 90 Pages.

A new solution of Maxwell's equations for vacuum and for wire is presented. First it must be noted that the proof of the solution's uniqueness is based on the Law of energy conservation which is not observed (for instantaneous values) in the known solution. The presented solution does not violate the Law of energy conservation. Besides, in this solution the electrical and magnetic components of intensity are shifted in phase. Technical applications of this decision is reviewed. \\ Предлагается новое решение уравнений Максвелла для вакуума и для провода с постоянным и переменным током. Предварительно отмечается, что доказательство единственности известного решения основано на законе сохранения энергии, который не соблюдается (для мгновенных значений) в известном решении. Рассматриваются технические приложения полученного решения.
Category: Classical Physics

[364] viXra:1603.0126 [pdf] replaced on 2016-03-08 20:22:49

The Universe in Absolute Time 0

Authors: Dwayne Huang
Comments: 13 Pages.

There is a model of universe in absolute time 0. Adjust curvature of figure-The universe in absolute time 0, it extremely alarming similar with CMB (Fluctuations in the Cosmic Microwave Background).
Category: Classical Physics

[363] viXra:1603.0020 [pdf] replaced on 2016-04-01 11:35:05

The Electromagnetic Wave in the Wire with Alternating Current \\ Электромагнитная волна в проводе переменного тока

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 19 Pages.

A solution of Maxwell's equations for the wire with Alternating Current is presented. We consider the structures of currents and energy flows. \\ Предлагается решение уравнений Максвелла для провода переменного тока. Рассматривается структура токов и потоков энергии.
Category: Classical Physics