# Classical Physics

## 1202 Submissions

[3] **viXra:1202.0042 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-02-13 12:17:21*

### Proca Equations and the Photon Imaginary Mass

**Authors:** Fran De Aquino

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

It has been recently proposed that the photon has imaginary mass and null real mass. Proca equations are the unique simplest relativistic generalization of Maxwell equations. They are the theoretical expressions of possible nonzero photon rest mass. The fact that the photon has imaginary mass introduces relevant modifications in Proca equations which point to a deviation from the Coulomb’s inverse square law.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[2] **viXra:1202.0038 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-02-13 12:30:40*

### The Gravitational Mass of a Charged Supercapacitor

**Authors:** Fran De Aquino

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

Electric double-layer capacitors (EDLCs), also known as supercapacitors, electrochemical double layer capacitors, or ultracapacitors, are electrochemical capacitors that have an unusually high energy density when compared to common capacitors, typically on the order of thousands of times greater than a high capacity electrolytic capacitor. It is shown here that when an EDLC is fully charged its gravitational mass is considerably greater than when it is discharged.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[1] **viXra:1202.0037 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-02-13 12:33:23*

### The Gravitational Spacecraft

**Authors:** Fran De Aquino

**Comments:** 74 Pages.

There is an electromagnetic factor of correlation between gravitational mass and inertial mass, which in specific electromagnetic conditions, can be reduced, made negative and increased in numerical value. This means that gravitational forces can be reduced, inverted and intensified by means of electromagnetic fields. Such control of the gravitational interaction can have a lot of practical applications. For example, a new concept of spacecraft and aerospace flight arises from the possibility of the electromagnetic control of the gravitational mass. The novel spacecraft called Gravitational Spacecraft possibly will change the paradigm of space flight and transportation in general. Here, its operation principles and flight possibilities, it will be described. Also it will be shown that other devices based on gravity control, such as the Gravitational Motor and the Quantum Transceivers, can be used in the spacecraft, respectively, for Energy Generation and Telecommunications.

**Category:** Classical Physics