Classical Physics

1807 Submissions

[20] viXra:1807.0523 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-31 13:33:42

The Theory of Gearbox

Authors: Yahya Awad Sharif Mohammed
Comments: 1 Page. Author's Email:

The article aims to present a brief introduction to my theory of gearbox
Category: Classical Physics

[19] viXra:1807.0522 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-31 15:51:49

Interstellar Flight of Outer Solar System

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 36 Pages.

Author researches, discusses and estimates the need parameters of launch systems the mini automatic probe for flight to the nearest star systems “Alpha-Centauri” and others. He shows that problem is very difficult for current and future technology. Launch requests gigantic energy, expensive equipment and large trip time. The conventional nuclear and thermonuclear on-board reactors cannot also solve this problem (Part 1). Author offers and researches three new possible perspective propulsion systems: multi-reflex light system used new sell-multi-reflex mirror and lasers (Part 2); cold plasma beam from Earth (Part 3) and on-board Micro Black Hole (MBH) nuclear photon rocket (Part 4). In all methods, he offered innovations, which make possible to implement all with current technology. Two first methods request the high altitude (40 ÷ 80 km) mast. He estimates: the requested launch system (laser multi-reflect propulsion, cold plasma beam propulsion, MBH nuclear propulsion, etc.);grown and board equipment, energy installation (generator and accelerator); interstellar flight; environmental, medium drag; interstellar micro particles; communication with Earth. Author showed – the most realistic interstellar launch system is laser beam used the cell reflective mirror or ultra-cold plasma beam.
Category: Classical Physics

[18] viXra:1807.0521 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-31 16:01:18

Rocket with Unusual Rocket Body and Engine

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 6 Pages.

Conventional modern rocket has existed for more than a half century. However, there has been little or no significant progress in their basic data. They are very exceedingly complex and generally very expensive to build. Designers ordinarily try to improve them by simplifying in order to reduce the cost payload launches. They try to use the first stagy of rocket sometimes, because the rocket engine and body are expensive. But no significant success. The author offers a new type of rocket which does not have the usual rocket body and engine (only open solid rocket fuel). This new rocket is cheap to fabricate, may be switched on and switched off many times and has specific impulse more than conventional solid fuel engine (i.e., close to liquid fuel). One can be used for launch as well as vector correcting rocket. This method is particularly suitable for micro-spacecraft (up to 1 kg). It allows to reduce the launch weight of the rocket to 50 ÷ 1000 kg. Key words: non-body rocket, non-engine rocket, explosive rocket propulsion, AB rocket.
Category: Classical Physics

[17] viXra:1807.0520 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-31 16:08:25

Suggestions for Improving Patenting

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 2 Pages.

Brief Summary. Suggestions: 1.The application for the invention is drawn up under all Rules of the PTO (history of the invention, detailed description with figures, claims, patent research, etc.). Inventor can add to it the terms of transfer, cost leasing or purchase. The application is posted on an open, widely known website (Google Patent,,, PTO or special web side) with free access, which puts the placement date. Give ordinary courts the right to accept statements of claim from the author (or his close relatives in the event of his death), if promulgated non-patented inventions for violation of intellectual property (somebody is using given invention for profit). 2.During the period of validity of the patent (usually 20 years), the author can submit an application to the PTO for examination and issuance of a patent. Only then he pays a fair PTO fee for the examination of the application and the issuance of a patent. 3.The total maximum fee cannot exceed $ 100 for individual inventor. Payments for "maintaining" the patent (Maintence Fees) should be canceled. 4.The inventor over 65 years of age having only SSI can patent for free. 5.The State Committee for Inventions (or the department in the PTO) is needed, where authors of inventions that are important for the defense, security or technical progress of the country can apply. If the experts recognize the invention as such, then the invention becomes state property or secret, the PTO patent this invention for free. In the future, the author will get 1% of the cost of products using this invention, and the Committee (or PTO) 0.5% for the content of the Committee (PTO). 6.All PTO profits should be used to support individual inventors with low income and for inventor over 65 years of age.
Category: Classical Physics

[16] viXra:1807.0479 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-28 15:30:27

Will Newton's Second Law Apply to This Situation ? Edited

Authors: Yahya Awad Sharif Mohammed
Comments: 3 Pages. Author's Email:

The article aims to show that Newton’s second law as well as Newton’s third law do not apply to a specific situation on physics. Edited by adding the equation.
Category: Classical Physics

[15] viXra:1807.0433 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-25 11:45:34

What is Charge, from What Does it Arise And, if Discrete, Why?

Authors: Lubomir Vlcek
Comments: 4 Pages. The article is ready to be published

A spherical electron cocoon or an electron cloud is occasion why electron have negative charge. Proton is compact mass not making cocoon, cloud. Proton has a positive charge.
Category: Classical Physics

[14] viXra:1807.0387 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-23 08:55:51

Левитация в эфире

Authors: Gennadiy Braznik
Comments: 128 Pages.

Современная научная парадигма рассматривает окружающее нас бытие в двух формах материи – вещества и поля. Вещество в различных термодинамических состояниях состоит из частиц, а поле, заполняющее остальное пространство, является физическим объектом, сущность которого определяется набором динамических уравнений математической физики релятивизма. Отрицание материальности или вещественности эфирной среды пространства Вселенной ведет ортодоксальную парадигму к мистицизму и не позволяет ей определить основные физические законы явления левитации, несмотря на то, что этим известным классическим законам уже более пяти тысяч лет…
Category: Classical Physics

[13] viXra:1807.0377 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-22 11:04:52

Will Newton's Second Law Apply to This Situation ?

Authors: Yahya Awad Sharif Mohammed
Comments: 3 Pages. Author's Email:

The article aims to show that Newton’s second law as well as Newton’s third law do not apply to a specific situation on physics.
Category: Classical Physics

[12] viXra:1807.0312 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-19 04:25:14

About Time and "Cockroaches" \\\\\\ О времени и «тараканах»

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 15 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov <©> About Time and "Cockroaches" July 19, 2018

The present article poses and solves the question: "How at the level of elementary particles, on the Planck scale of being discrete and continuous in relation to real natural time and real movement are correlated between themselves?" ------------------- В настоящей статье ставится и решается вопрос: «Как на уровне элементарных частиц, на планковском масштабе бытия дискретное и непрерывное в отношении к реальному природному времени и реальному движению соотносятся между собой?»
Category: Classical Physics

[11] viXra:1807.0247 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-13 17:22:36

Letter to the Committee “The Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics”

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 13 Pages. Robert Yusupov <©> Letter to Yuri Milner June 4, 2018

Found on Wikipedia site There was an explanation posted: “The Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics was founded in 2012 by Yuri Milner to recognize those individuals who have made profound contributions to human knowledge. It is open to all physicists — theoretical, mathematical, experimental — working on the deepest mysteries of the Universe”. My "Theory of Nature" revealed many secrets of the Universe, the foundations of nature. Within the framework of the "Theory of Nature" several dozen fundamental problems of physics and cosmology have been solved. "Theory of Nature" is presented in several of my articles ( I wrote a letter to this committee ( addressed to Mr. Milner with the request to consider one such article of mine.
Category: Classical Physics

[10] viXra:1807.0217 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-11 19:55:55

Two Different Types of Magnetic Field

Authors: John Hodge
Comments: 5 Pages.

Such luminaries as Richard P. Feynman and Albert Einstein have noted an asymmetry in application of Maxwell's Equations. The Scalar Theory of Everything (STOE) posits the components of the universe are hods and plenum. An experiment to test Ampere's law and the STOE was performed. The data shows the STOE model is very close to the actual measurements and rejects the classical Biot-Savart Law. The results of the experiments suggest a distinction between magnetic fields caused by hods and magnetic fields caused by plenum resolves the asymmetry.
Category: Classical Physics

[9] viXra:1807.0207 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-10 22:39:52

Sunset of Physics \\\\\\ Закат физики

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 19 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov <©> Sunset of Physics July 11, 2018

In present article, in the light of the greatest, ingenious, truly revolutionary achievements and discoveries in physics and cosmology made by the author of the Theory of Nature the question of future existence and the future fate of physics as a science is put in its entirety. ++++++++++++++++++ В настоящей статье в свете величайших, гениальных, поистине революционных достижений и открытий в физике и космологии, сделанных автором «Теории Природы», ставится во всей свой полноте вопрос о дальнейшем существовании и о дальнейшей судьбе физики, как науки.
Category: Classical Physics

[8] viXra:1807.0188 [pdf] replaced on 2018-07-16 02:43:58

EUV Transmission Lens Design and Manufacturing Method

Authors: Kenneth C. Johnson
Comments: 9 Pages. v2: Revised discussion of manufacturing method.

This paper outlines a design for an EUV transmission lens comprising blazed, phase-Fresnel structures approximated by a stepped profile. The structures can be formed on both sides of a thin silicon substrate, providing many more phase levels than would be possible with one-sided lenses. An e-beam fabrication technique with nanometer-scale patterning accuracy is outlined.
Category: Classical Physics

[7] viXra:1807.0185 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-10 03:11:12

Electromagnetism and the Differential Density Field

Authors: Neal Tensor
Comments: 23 Pages.

In this document I explore a new fundamental theory of nature. In this document I describe nature in terms of the density field. The density field, in it's simplest form is a field for which every point has a density.But in my document I describe it as a differentiable field, which means that a density field with point mass is not a possibility. The quest now for me is to derive a set of equations for explaining how motion works in this field, doing so derives many of the laws of physics amongst other interesting results, such as density waves and the aether. My quest continues in a brief explanation of how electromagnetic fields interact with the density field.
Category: Classical Physics

[6] viXra:1807.0142 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-06 07:34:51

Pulsing Mass (Once Again About the Matter and Mass) \\\\\ Пульсирующая масса (Ещё раз о материи и массе)

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 22 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov <©> Pulsing mass 6 July, 2018

В современной физике считается, что масса элементарной частицы (ЭЧ) является неизменной постоянной величиной. Это связано с представлением об элементарной частице (ЭЧ), как статичной материальной тверди. В рамках научного исследования автора настоящей статьи удалось установить факт того, что материя является основой элементарной частицы (ЭЧ). А сама элементарная частица (ЭЧ) является пульсирующей в ритме природы материальной плотью. Пульсирующий характер элементарной частицы (ЭЧ) имеет своим следствием тот факт, что масса элементарной частицы (ЭЧ) также является изменяющейся пульсирующей в ритме природы физической величиной. ----------------------- In modern physics it is considered that the mass of an elementary particle (EP) is a constant. This is connected with the idea of an elementary particle (EP), as a static material solid. In the framework of a scientific study of the author of this article, it was possible to establish the fact that matter is the basis of an elementary particle (EP). And the elementary particle (EP) itself is pulsating in the rhythm of nature with material flesh. The pulsating character of an elementary particle (EP) has as its consequence the fact that the mass of an elementary particle (EP) is also a variable physical quantity pulsating in the rhythm of nature.
Category: Classical Physics

[5] viXra:1807.0105 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-04 15:48:20

A New Approach to Human Powered Flight and Beyond

Authors: Steven Suan Zhu
Comments: 42 Pages. Draft finalized in December 30th 2013 but never published, DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.30180.07043

A New Approach to Human Powered Flight and Beyond
Category: Classical Physics

[4] viXra:1807.0103 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-04 20:04:34

Fine Structure Constant as the Polarization of the Quantum Field by a Unit Charge

Authors: Ray Fleming
Comments: 4 Pages.

Since it was first discovered, physicists have attempted to find the fundamental physical cause of the fine structure constant. The fine structure constant appears in many different physics relationships and can be expressed in terms of a number of combinations of different physical constants. This leads to some debate over what is the most fundamental representation of the constant. In this paper it is first shown that the unit charge can be viewed as the polarizability of space over a surface area surrounding a unit charge. The polarizability of space is in turn determined by the van der Waals torque of the quantum field. That torque regulates the rate of rotation of the quantum dipoles of standard model quantum field theory as each quantum dipole is polarized. Then, based on the well-known relationship between the charge squared and the fine structure constant, it can be readily shown that the fine structure constant is the total volumetric polarization of the quantum field due to a single unit charge. This shows that the fine structure constant can be fundamentally derived as an effect due to fundamental electrodynamics of the quantum field.
Category: Classical Physics

[3] viXra:1807.0095 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-03 07:52:05

The Daon Theory: the Electron

Authors: J.E.S. Gustafsson
Comments: 40 Pages.

The Daon theory is a new general theory of physics, it is a completely new way to approach physics and includes, in principle, all phenomena of nature. The theory is presented in a series of closely related papers treating Electromagnetism, Atomic physics, Particle physics, Gravitation and Cosmology. They should be red in this order for a complete understanding. The numerical value of the main natural constants and parameters are calculated, while the explanation for the various natural phenomena are simple and logical. All the results from this theory agree, as far as we know, with experimental data. The Daon theory makes it possible to give simple explanations to all electromagnetic phenomena. We analyse the electric field, magnetism and explains the electron's associated wave. We find at the same time the dielectric constant, the permeability constant, the Planck's constant and the fine structure constant. It follows an analysis of an electron under acceleration giving the explanations to the phenomenon of the Electro-Magnetic wave. We there after examine the modification of an electron's characteristics at high velocity.
Category: Classical Physics

[2] viXra:1807.0064 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-04 05:45:39

The Principle of Discreteness of Time \\\\\ Принцип дискретности времени

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 12 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov <©> The Principle of Discreteness of Time July 4, 2018

In this article, the author gives his understanding of the device of the time of nature on the Planck scale of being. Nature brilliantly united in herself three of its main essences discrete matter, continuous movement and continuous time. The quantum of matter, the quantum of time, and the quantum of action are the three main components of nature at the micro level. The main problem that is solved within the framework of this article can be formulated as follows: "On the permissible intervals of time in nature". ++++++++++++++++++++++++ В настоящей статье автор приводит своё понимание устройства времени природы на планковском масштабе бытия. Природа блестяще соединила в себе три свои главные сущности дискретную материю, непрерывное движение и непрерывное время. Квант материи, квант времени, и квант действия вот три главные составляющие природы на микроуровне. Основная проблема, которая решается в рамках настоящей статьи может быть сформулирована так «О допустимых интервалах времени в природе».
Category: Classical Physics

[1] viXra:1807.0041 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-01 08:14:58

The Universe and Large Numbers :Arithmetics of Physical Constants

Authors: Alberto Coe
Comments: 8 Pages.

It’s about the large numbers associated to the field of cosmology and the field of physical constants under an arithmetical point of view . In this paper we have performed an equation that gives an account of some of the previously mentioned concepts . The summarized equation reads : (30[(A-B)+ C])/C=1/α . Inside this equation there are implicitly : the number of photons in the observable universe , the current energy associated to the cosmic microwave backgroud , a parameter that defines a space’s expansion factor , gravitational potential energy of the matter , the number of atoms in the obsevable universe and the energy associated to the electrons of the observable universe . Finally , the arithmetic combination among such topics give a surprising result : the inverse of fine structure constant .
Category: Classical Physics