Classical Physics

2001 Submissions

[22] viXra:2001.0389 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-20 07:04:11

The Correct Formulas of the Experiment of Michelson-Morley

Authors: Louiz Akram
Comments: 4 Pages. This is a better corrected work from a previous work.

When the light photons bounce off a moving mirror, they react with its atoms to be reflected, consequently, the photons change their velocity vector after each impact depending on the velocity vector of the mirror and thus of the atom. The Michelson-Morley experiment was the event that changed the modern science about "the light" by leading to Lorentz and Einstein's theories about time. I made the formulas of the Michelson-Morley experiment by considering the effects of the reflection on the light and The rate (percentage) of fringe shift calculated by the formulas which I demonstrated is perfectly null. As a result not all physics must be wrong ,but only a principle that Einstein and Lorentz stated by fixing the light speed for all observers, which makes us study light in a very difficult way. The formulas demonstrated in this work allow us to study the light as a normal wave and to understand easily all the other light effects without being obliged to use any relativity of the time.
Category: Classical Physics

[21] viXra:2001.0359 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-18 11:24:25

Unificação Das Leis Gravitacional Com a Relatividade Especial

Authors: Alberto Mananga Bifica
Comments: 10 Pages. Este Artigo Científico está Escrito em Português

A combinação das leis Gravitacional com a Relatividade Especial detalha as condições que permitem explicar que a energia é o responsável pela interacção gravitacional, juntamente com o espaço-tempo, matéria; a gravidade tem o seu valor máximo de velocidade v=c nos centros de massas dos planetas, estrelas, buracos negros e também no processo contínuo de energia criar matéria e matéria se transformar em ondas electromagnéticas que participam no processo da expansão do Universo. Nos pontos extremos em que a gravidade alcança v=c é onde acontece a unificação com o electromagnetismo.
Category: Classical Physics

[20] viXra:2001.0358 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-18 11:28:06

Campo Unificado (Gravidade e Electromagnetismo)

Authors: Alberto Mananga Bifica
Comments: 13 Pages. Este Artigo Científico está Escrito em Português

A combinação das leis da Relatividade Especial com a Cinemática e Dinâmica do movimento resultaram nas novas equações electromagnéticas e gravitacionais que detalham as condições que as torna em uma única força e também permitem calcular a massa, raio e carga eléctrica do Universo no seu estado actual, progressivo e regressivo. A força electromagnética torna-se igual a gravidade quando a velocidade das suas interacções é igual a da luz, isto é, nos centro de massa onde há maior potência de energia, na expansão do Universo, e no processo contínuo de energia criar matéria e matéria se transformar em ondas electromagnéticas para interagir com o exterior. As equações mostraram que não foi uma força que deu origem ao bing-bang (F=0), pôs por uma única partícula não poderia haver interacção; A origem do bing-beng ocorreu por meio da energia (E=mc^2) com campos de acção gravitacional e electromagnética onde a massa tende para infinito com a velocidade de equilíbrio v=c; e como também mostram que as ondas de energia nunca tiveram um começo sempre existiram num tempo infinito; As equações v_e v_g=c^2 e v_e v_p=c^2 respectivamente mostram evidências de que onda de energia ou a luz, na verdade são as leis gravitacionais e electromagnéticas é uma só entidade e também prova que átomos são apenas uma acção causado pelas possibilidades da dualidade onda-partícula.
Category: Classical Physics

[19] viXra:2001.0357 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-18 11:32:45

Equações Finais do Campo Unificado (Gravidade e Electromagnetismo)

Authors: Alberto Mananga Bifica
Comments: 10 Pages. Este Artigo Científico está Escrito em Português

A força electromagnética torna-se igual a gravidade quando a velocidade das suas interacções é igual a c da luz, isto ocorre nos centro de massa onde há maior potência de energia, na expansão do Universo, e no processo contínuo de energia criar matéria e matéria se transformar em ondas electromagnéticas para interagir com o exterior. As equações mostraram que não foi uma força que deu origem ao bing-bang (F=0), mas sim por meio de energia (E=mc^2) com campos de acção gravitacional e electromagnética onde a massa tende para infinito com a velocidade de equilíbrio v=c; A equação v_e v_g=c^2 mostra evidencias de que onda de energia ou a luz, na verdade são as leis gravitacionais e electromagnéticas é uma só entidade, e também prova que átomos são apenas uma acção causado pelas possibilidades da dualidade onda-partícula que o seu conjunto é a luz.
Category: Classical Physics

[18] viXra:2001.0356 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-18 11:38:07

Sistema Atómico e O Segredo da Luz (Energia Transportadora Das Ondas, Velocidade e Raio do Protão)

Authors: Alberto Mananga Bifica
Comments: 11 Pages. Este Artigo Científico está Escrito em Português

O átomo tem sido um dos grandes desafios da Física Moderna para tentar desvendar os seus mistérios que quanto mais conhecermos o mundo atómico mais incertezas encontram para seu entendimento. Este artigo mostra que o segredo do átomo está na sua ligação profunda e única com a luz que permite a sua existência e funcionamento nas suas possibilidades de se tornar numa partícula. A velocidade da luz é o produto proporcional das velocidades centrípetas do protão e electrão provando que se trata duma única entidade no Universo ou seja e equação 〖v_e v_p〗^ =c^2 prova que a luz é responsável pelo átomo permitindo assim a dualidade onda-partícula deste sistema. Por meio da dualidade onda-partícula encontrou-se uma equação que é a nova entidade de energia no Universo.
Category: Classical Physics

[17] viXra:2001.0349 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-18 03:34:14

Why Bodies Made of Matter Obey Mathematical Laws

Authors: Jose P Koshy
Comments: 3 Pages.

Why bodies obey mathematical laws is a longstanding question in physics. Here I put forth a very simple explanation. Matter is made up of fundamental units having finite non inter-convertible properties, and motion is one of that properties. The former implies that the integration of units into a system is adding up; adding up follows mathematical laws. The latter implies that the system remains changing due to motion; motion obeys mathematical laws, and so the changes in the system obey mathematical laws.
Category: Classical Physics

[16] viXra:2001.0312 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-16 16:40:02

The Nonlinear Electromagnetic Spectrum Frequency Scale

Authors: Frank H. Makinson
Comments: 2 Pages.

Electromagnetic geophysical studies have been using very low electromagnetic frequencies, below 1 Hz, transmitters and receivers for several decades. The devices that produce these frequencies are referred to as magnetotelluric transmitters and receivers. The frequencies for these devices are being identified by using a decimal notation, 0.1, 0.01, 0.001, 0.0001, 0.00001 Hz and below. Accepting frequency designations as tens divisions of one reveals that the current EM frequency scale is nonlinear. All contemporary physical law equations that contain frequency as a value, directly or indirectly, are based upon the assumption that the EM frequency scale is linear.
Category: Classical Physics

[15] viXra:2001.0310 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-16 02:06:34

A New Scientific Discovery

Authors: Yahya A.Sharif
Comments: 2 Pages.

Our muscles lift our bodies very effortlessly so,I can lift up my massive 60 kg body with only my weak calf muscles when trying to pick a fruit on a tree
Category: Classical Physics

[14] viXra:2001.0244 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-14 05:26:18

Open Letter to Physicists

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 6 Pages. Open Letter to Physicists © Robert Yusupov 14.01.2020

This is a fiery appeal and appeal to the entire physical community for recognition of the "Theory of Nature" by Robert Yusupov, a free researcher, dialectical materialist, communist. For 7 years now, the physical power of the Russian Federation, headed by the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, has been unable to really, objectively, honestly and impartially evaluate the “Theory of Nature” for scientific significance and consistency. Physical power in the Russian Federation has completely degraded! Physical power in the Russian Federation has completely lost its scientific vigilance and scientific scent! Physical power in the Russian Federation has proved its professional unsuitability! Physical power in the Russian Federation reached full scientific impotence! Physical power in the Russian Federation has proved its complete unscrupulousness and unconsciousness! Physical power in the Russian Federation has gone blind and does not see that TN is a Revolution in physics! Physical power in the Russian Federation has become a brake on scientific progress, primarily in physics! It's time to change this rotten power!
Category: Classical Physics

[13] viXra:2001.0243 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-14 05:29:57

Открытое письмо физикам

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 7 Pages. Открытое письмо физикам © Robert Yusupov 14.01.2020

Это пламенное обращение и воззвание ко всему физическому сообществу на предмет признания «Теории Природы» Юсупова Роберта, свободного исследователя, диалектического материалиста, коммуниста. Физическая власть РФ во главе с ОФН РАН вот уже 7 лет никак не может реально, объективно, честно и непредвзято оценить «Теорию Природы» на предмет научной значимости и состоятельности. Физическая власть в РФ деградировала абсолютно! Физическая власть в РФ полностью потеряла научную бдительность и научный нюх! Физическая власть в РФ доказала свою профессиональную непригодность! Физическая власть в РФ дошла до полной научной импотенции! Физическая власть в РФ доказала свою полную беспринципность и несознательность! Физическая власть в РФ ослепла и не видит, что ТП – это Революция в физике! Физическая власть в РФ стала тормозом научного прогресса и в первую очередь в физике! Пора менять эту гнилую власть!
Category: Classical Physics

[12] viXra:2001.0217 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-12 02:40:52

Модель униполярного заряда

Authors: Киров
Comments: 1 Page. Russ lang

Определена модель униполярного заряда
Category: Classical Physics

[11] viXra:2001.0216 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-12 02:44:06

Unipolar Charge Model

Authors: Kirov
Comments: 1 Page.

Unipolar charge model determined
Category: Classical Physics

[10] viXra:2001.0157 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-09 17:47:32

Production of Reduced Aluminum Nanoparticles from Aluminum Oxide by Applying High Voltage Pulses to Solutions

Authors: T. Saiki, S. Taniguchi
Comments: 6 Pages.

Metal nanoparticles has been attracted as raw materials for nanoinks and nanopastes, which are used to Printed Electronics. Synthesizing various metal nanoparticles has been researched. We investigated possibility of reducing metal oxide to metal by high-voltage pulses in this paper. This method should save electrical consumption power compared to conventional methods using high-temperature and high-pressure plasma such as arc discharge. Reduced Al nanoparticles were obtained by applying high voltage pulses to solutions. It was found from hydrogen generation using reduced Al nanoparticles by applying high voltage pulses to solutions to evaluate reduction rate that a high reduction efficiency of 97% was obtained at maximum. We concluded that using high voltage pulses for reduction is suitable for application to printed electronics because oxide film on reduced Al nanoparticles is thin. Also, because this method is similar to laser ablation in liquids using pulse lasers, the similarities were discussed in this paper.
Category: Classical Physics

[9] viXra:2001.0142 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-09 07:19:48

Physics is Main Science of Nature \\\***/// ФИЗИКА – ГЛАВНАЯ НАУКА О ПРИРОДЕ

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 34 Pages. Only in Russian (please learn Russian) Physics – Main Science of Nature © Robert Yusupov JAN 09 2020

Наблюдая, повседневно общаясь, практически осваивая, постоянно контактируя и взаимодействуя с природой, изучая, познавая и осмысливая природу, мы приходим к выводу, что природа материальна и диалектична. Материальность природы означает, что, в конце концов, все тела (предметы, объекты, вещи) в природе состоят из дискретных, минимальных материальных частиц. Диалектичность природы означает, что все материальные тела природы находятся в постоянном движении (перемещении, изменении, эволюции, развитии). Материальность и диалектичность природы это установленные факты и это принципы природы. Природа в своей основе является диалектико-материалистической. Вот из этого и надо исходить при дальнейшем познании природы. Предложенная в настоящей статье модель мироздания, природы является диалектико-материалистической моделью. Но именно такова природа в реальности./////*****\\\\\ Observing, daily communicating, practically mastering, constantly contacting and interacting with nature, studying, cognizing and comprehending nature, we come to the conclusion that nature is material and dialectical. The materiality of nature means that, in the end, all bodies (objects, objects, things) in nature consist of discrete, minimal material particles. The dialectic of nature means that all material bodies of nature are in constant motion (movement, change, evolution, development). The materiality and dialectic of nature are established facts and these are the principles of nature. Nature at its core is dialectical materialistic. It is from this that we must proceed with a further knowledge of nature. The model of the universe, nature proposed in this article is a dialectical materialistic model. But that is exactly nature in reality. Keywods: Nature, Universe, dialectic materialism, matter, time, quantum of matter, quantum of time, dialectics, science, physics, cosmology, physical quantity
Category: Classical Physics

[8] viXra:2001.0108 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-06 21:12:28

Причины проведения опыта Майкельсона-Морли.

Authors: Киров
Comments: 1 Page.

Показана необоснованность проведения эксперимента Майкельсона-Морли
Category: Classical Physics

[7] viXra:2001.0107 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-06 21:16:52

The Reasons for the Michelson-Morley Experiment.

Authors: Kirov
Comments: 1 Page.

The unfoundedness of the Michelson-Morley experiment is shown.
Category: Classical Physics

[6] viXra:2001.0071 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-05 16:24:18

Эквивалентность гравитационного и электрического полей. Закон электростатического притяжения.

Authors: Киров
Comments: 1 Page. Russ lang

Определена эквивалентность гравитационного и электростатических полей.
Category: Classical Physics

[5] viXra:2001.0070 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-05 16:28:39

Equivalence of Gravitational and Electric Fields. the Law of Electrostatic Attraction

Authors: Kirov
Comments: 1 Page.

The equivalence of gravitational and electrostatic fields is determined.
Category: Classical Physics

[4] viXra:2001.0063 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-05 06:58:05

Our Universe and Many Tensions.

Authors: Durgadas Datta
Comments: 8 Pages. New physics for a new understanding.

Modern physics suffering from wrong interpretations.
Category: Classical Physics

[3] viXra:2001.0049 [pdf] replaced on 2020-01-06 21:20:47

The Theory of Motion of Objects in the Universe

Authors: Arun Kumar Halihal Shanmukachary
Comments: 5 Pages.

The motion of objects in the universe is governed by newton’s laws of motion that describes motion in terms of the state and cause of motion, while also governed by Einstein’s special theory of relativity for objects moving at high velocity. This paper will explain the importance of objects themselves and the motion that exists between the objects in the universe based on the fundamental nature of mutual existence of objects. It is critical to understand the evolution of motion between objects and then the nature of motion and its causes. This paper will be first of series of papers, that will open up for the understanding of objects, their behavior in terms of motion and the fundamental nature of universe that is governed by these behaviors of objects.
Category: Classical Physics

[2] viXra:2001.0047 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-04 00:29:51

The Transformation of LIGHT into MATTER

Authors: J W Vegt
Comments: 51 Pages.

Within the scope of this article, LIGHT has been considered as any arbitrary Electromagnetic Radiation within a very wide frequency range, because during the transformation from Visible Light into the Gravitational Electromagnetic Confinement, the frequency changes in a very wide range. This frequency transformation is possible because of the combined Lorentz / Doppler-Effect transformation during the collapse (contraction) of the radiation when the Gravitational Electromagnetic Confinement has been formed (Implosion of Visible Light). Within the scope of this article MATTER is considered to be any kind of 3-dimensional confined (Electromagnetic) energy. The inner structure of a photon is based on a 3dimensional anisotropic equilibrium within the electromagnetic pulses in which an equilibrium does exist for the Electric and the Magnetic Fields separately generated by the pulses. A photon cannot be considered as a particle. Because particles are 3-dimensional confinements. Photons are anisotropic (in 1st and 2nd dimension a particle and in the 3rd dimension a wave) confinements of electromagnetic pulses, generated during the energy transitions within the atoms. Photons are 2-dimensional confinements of electromagnetic energy and demonstrate the property of inertia (electromagnetic mass) in the 2 directions of confinement. In the 3rd direction, the direction of propagation, photons can only be considered as an electromagnetic wave and for that reason do not demonstrate the property of inertia. Electromagnetic waves cannot be accelerated or decelerated because the speed of light is a universal constant. For that reason, photons interact with a gravitational field in an anisotropic way. Due to a gravitational field, photons can be accelerated or decelerated in the directions perpendicular to the direction of propagation and follow a curved path. But a gravitational field in the direction of propagation will have no impact on the speed of the photons, which will remain the unchanged universal constant, the speed of light. Photonics is the physical science of light based on the concept of “photons” introduced by Albert Einstein in the early 20th century. Einstein introduced this concept in the “particle-wave duality” discussion with Niels Bohr to demonstrate that even light has particle properties (mass and momentum) and wave properties (frequency). That concept became a metaphor and from that time on a beam of light has been generally considered as a beam of particles (photons). Which is a wrong understanding. Light particles do not exist. Photons are nothing else but electromagnetic complex wave configurations and light particles are not like “particles” but separated electromagnetic wave packages, 2-dimensionally confined in the directions perpendicular to the direction of propagation and in a perfect equilibrium with the radiation pressure and the inertia of electromagnetic energy in the forward direction, controlling the speed of light. This new theory will explain how electromagnetic wave packages demonstrate inertia, mass and momentum and which forces keep the wave packages together in a way that they can be measured like particles with their own specific mass and momentum. All we know about light, and in generally about any electromagnetic field configuration, has been 2 based only on two fundamental theories. James Clerk Maxwell introduced in 1865 the “Theory of Electrodynamics” with the publication: “A Dynamical Theory of the Electromagnetic Field” and Albert Einstein introduced in 1905 the “Theory of Special Relativity” with the publication: “On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies” and in 1913 the “Theory of General Relativity” with the publication ”Outline of a Generalized Theory of Relativity and of a Theory of Gravitation”. However, both theories are not capable to explain the property of electromagnetic mass and in specific the anisotropy of the phenomenon of electromagnetic mass presented e.g. in a LASER beam. To understand what electromagnetic inertia and the corresponding electromagnetic mass is and how the anisotropy of electromagnetic mass can be explained and how it has to be defined, a New Theory about Light has to be developed. A part of this “New Theory about Light”, based on Newton’s well- known Equation in 3 dimensions will be published in this article in an extension into 4 dimensions. Newton’s 4-dimensional law in the 3 spatial dimensions results in an improved version of the classical Maxwell equations and Newton’s law in the 4th dimension (time) results in the quantum mechanical Schrödinger wave equation (at non-relativistic velocities) and the relativistic Dirac equation.
Category: Classical Physics

[1] viXra:2001.0014 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-02 04:14:14

A Mass Can be Lifted with Force Far Less Than Its Weight

Authors: Yahya A.Sharif
Comments: 1 Page. Email:yahya-sharif@hotmail.com

I can carry up my 60 kg body with only my weak feet muscles when trying to pick a fruit on a tree.
Category: Classical Physics