Classical Physics

1111 Submissions

[8] viXra:1111.0104 [pdf] replaced on 2014-02-14 08:10:00

Work, Motion and Energy

Authors: Nainan K. Varghese
Comments: 5 Pages.

Energy, an undefined entity derived from work, is generally equated to motion. This has necessitated introduction of certain motion of physical entities, wherever energy is envisaged. All actions are results of work-done rather than energy. Although energy has no definite form, structure or existence, it has gradually come to usurp rightful status of work about a physical entity. Author proposes an alternative concept that may restore work, motion and energy to their fair and logical status.
Category: Classical Physics

[7] viXra:1111.0037 [pdf] replaced on 14 Nov 2011

The Reaction Force Does no Work?: a Comment on Physica Scripta 84 (2011) 055004

Authors: Ron Bourgoin
Comments: 3 pages

Newton's third law will not produce correct results as long as the work of the reacting force is not considered. We have always only focused on the work of the acting force. We have never considered the work of the reacting force, but to obtain correct results at the microscopic level we have no choice but to admit that the reacting force performs work.
Category: Classical Physics

[6] viXra:1111.0031 [pdf] submitted on 4 Nov 2011

Explain the Phenomenon of Neutrino Superluminal

Authors: Ji Qi, Wei Feng Ni, Yinling Jiang
Comments: 8 Pages.

An interesting experimental phenomenon attracted the whole world's attention. European researchers found that the neutrinos traveled faster than the speed of light, which was difficult to explain. This result was reported on the website of British "Nature" journal on September 22, 2011. Meanwhile, many strange phenomena from the experiment of Foucault pendulum were found by us. In 1921, Millar conducted an experiment and found that the light presented a drift motion relative to the earth by an amount of 10km/s. These experiments implied that there existed another state substance in nature and it might account for the motion laws of all the objects. In this paper, an objective interpretation for the superluminal phenomenon of neutrinos was presented, as well as a reasonable prediction for this kind of experiments.
Category: Classical Physics

[5] viXra:1111.0030 [pdf] submitted on 4 Nov 2011

The Strange Phenomena of Foucault Pendulum and Movement Laws of Celestial Bodies

Authors: Ji Qi, Sheng Wang, Yinling Jiang
Comments: 18 Pages.

"Ether" is existing? Can say that this is a very important question in physics! A strange phenomenon is found by studying on Foucault pendulum again and again. It is that when Swing ball is located in the north-south direction at the initial time, the rotation angular velocity in the swing plane is relatively large, while Swing ball is located in the east-west direction at the initial time, the angular velocity is much smaller, or even almost no rotation. And, when the ball is north-south swing, the swing state itself can be distorted to clockwise swing; However, when the ball is east-west swing, the swing state itself is hardly changed, or even slightly distorted toward counter-clockwise direction. The experimental phenomenon is in contradiction with the classical theory. The experimental results can prove the existence of another substance in the nature, which is No-Shape-Substance. At the same time, we can well understand the stellar run of peculiar regularity.
Category: Classical Physics

[4] viXra:1111.0029 [pdf] submitted on 4 Nov 2011

Physical space of No-Shape-Substance

Authors: Ji Qi, Yinling Jiang
Comments: 21 Pages.

People used to establish physical laws on the mathematical frame directly, without considering the existence of the No-Shape-Substance. We believe such physical laws are separated from their nature. Since we have known something about the No-Shape-Substance, we must review physical laws on the ground of objectivity and reality. We will discuss more profoundly space, universal gravitation, Coulomb force, magnetic force, the theory of relativity, and the like. We are trying to make basic physical laws more exactly and more clear. There is a general presentation to No-Shape-Substance in this paper, as well as an elementary calculation of the density and volume modulus of No-Shape-Substance. On the ground of the calculation, we can get a profound understand on the influence of medium on the velocity of light and that of temperature on the refractive index.
Category: Classical Physics

[3] viXra:1111.0024 [pdf] replaced on 2012-05-23 05:04:54

Non-Redundant and Natural Variables Definition of Heat Valid for Open Systems

Authors: Juan Ramón González Álvarez
Comments: 13 Pages. Accepted for publication in the "International Journal of Thermodynamics", with minor changes

Although an unambiguous definition of heat is available for closed systems, the question of how best to define heat in open systems is not yet settled. After introducing a set of physical requirements for the definition of heat, this article reviews the non-equivalent definitions of heat for open systems used by Callen, Casas-Vázquez, DeGroot, Fox, Haase, Jou, Kondepudi, Lebon, Mazur, Misner, Prigogine, Smith, Thorne, and Wheeler, emphasizing which physical requirements are not met. A subsequent section deals with the main objective of this article and introduces a new definition of heat that avoids the difficulties of the existent definitions, providing (i) a complete distinction between open and closed systems, (ii) non-redundancy, (iii) natural variables for the thermodynamic potentials, and (iv) a sound, complete, and intuitive generalization of classical thermodynamic expressions.
Category: Classical Physics

[2] viXra:1111.0004 [pdf] submitted on 2 Nov 2011

A no-Shape-Substance is the Foundation All Physics Laws Depend on the Second Part of New Physics

Authors: Ji Qi, Yinling Jiang
Comments: 21 Pages.

People used to establish physical laws on the mathematical frame directly, without considering the existence of the No-Shape-Substance. Such physical laws are separated from nature. By analyzing the interaction between the body and the No-Shape-Substance, we will have a newer and better understanding of physical laws or concepts as inertial mass, Newton's Second Law, kinetic energy equation, mass-energy equation and momentum. And now we are going to uncover the essence of the physical laws.
Category: Classical Physics

[1] viXra:1111.0003 [pdf] submitted on 2 Nov 2011

A no-Shape-Substance is the Propagating Medium of Light the First Part of New Physics

Authors: Ji Qi, Yinling Jiang
Comments: 19 Pages.

Through analyzing a variety of physical phenomena, the author proposes that there exists a special kind of substance - No-Shape-Substance. The author believes that this matter is the medium through which light propagates and the foundation on which all laws of motion can be built. On the same foundation we can explain a great many physical experiments as well. The No-Shape-Substance is an actual substance with mass in another state. The No-Shape-Substance is a more profound element in the nature, which can make people know the nature more thoroughly, as well as make the physics more objective, more natural and more logical.
Category: Classical Physics