Classical Physics

1712 Submissions

[23] viXra:1712.0658 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-29 06:42:48

Relation Between the Gravitational and Magnetic Fields

Authors: Jose Garrigues Baixauli
Comments: pages 8, figures 4, J Phys Math 7: 169. (2016) http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2090-0902.1000169 Book: Classic 4D Model Of the Discrete Universe I: Quantum Chapter 11, pages 99-102 Scholar Press (2017) Copyright: © 2016 Baixauli JG. This is an open-access

Quantum and relativistic phenomena can be explained by the hypothesis that both the universe and the elementary particles are formed by atoms’ four spatial dimensions. It is also possible to deduce and calculate properties of elementary particles, such as mass, electric charge, spin, radio, etc. Based on this hypothesis, the fundamental constants can be calculated depending only on the speed of light c. Moreover, the Schrodinger equation can be deduced and the equality of inertial and gravitational mass can be demonstrated. The aim of this article is to establish a relationship between electron mass and electron charge, and thereby calculate the electrical charge depending on the mass of the electron, Planck's constant h and the speed of light c. Through this relationship, extended to the gravitational and magnetic fields, it is possible to establish a relationship between the constants of both fields.
Category: Classical Physics

[22] viXra:1712.0645 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-28 05:12:45

Verification of the Non-Existent of Charge by Experiment

Authors: Fan Wei
Comments: 4 Pages.

The latest experiment implies the non-existent of charge, which is against the widely accepted common sense. The history of physics is going to be changed.
Category: Classical Physics

[21] viXra:1712.0639 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-28 12:06:06

Mass and Ground State Energy of the Oscillator of a Black Body and the Lowest Radiation Temperature

Authors: Arijit Bag
Comments: 3 Pages.

According to the Planck’s theory of black body radiation, a black body is a collection of oscillators which are responsible for its radiation. There are no results available in the literature about the mass and vibrational ground state energy of the oscillator. In the present research, ground state energy and mass of the oscillator are calculated from Planck’s theory of black body radiation and de Broglie’s wave particle duality relation. It is observed that the mass of the oscillator is 1.6 × 10^{−39} kg and vibrational ground state energy is 3.587 × 10^{−23} J subject to the constraint that the minimum temperature for radiation of a black body is 2.598K.
Category: Classical Physics

[20] viXra:1712.0634 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-27 22:03:29

Anatomy of Radiation And Propagation

Authors: Cres Huang
Comments: Pages.

We hear the word radiation often. We see waves revealed by water, and air wave above hot surface. We feel the air (wind) and hear it's motion (sound), even see the supersonic shack wave of air.  How particle, wave, radiant energy, or EMR is different from perceivable world in our day to day life? Shouldn't there be fundamental principles that governing the action of matter and it's interaction with it's environment?

Even a lone particle stands out from it's background. Any object broadcasts it's existence, from insignificant to strong, simple to complex. It will never stop regardless it is observable to us or not. Action of object casts force (energy) into the environment. It can be contact force that requires media to spread, or action-at-a-distance force that does not. Energy is passed onto next neighbors and spread out. The collected interactions of neighbors will be in the form of waves. It is the fundamental activity of action-reaction-interaction of an object and environment.

Oscillating piano string with hummer, it makes sound and heat. Dust or water droplets on th string will be shook off. Oscillating it with electricity, it produces heat and light. Particles are radiated when oscillated in high energy. Certainly, the structure of the string will not survive long in such intense. Comparing to what the Sun is doing, do you see the similarity?  Isn't the Sun is oscillating at the intense of destruction?


Category: Classical Physics

[19] viXra:1712.0606 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-26 06:48:43

Theoretical Lower Limit of Mass of Phonon and Critical Mass for Matter-Dark Matter Conversion

Authors: Arijit Bag
Comments: 6 Pages.

In this article, theoretical lower limit of mass of phonon and critical mass for matter-dark matter conversion is presented. Using Planck’s equation for black body radiation and de Broglie’s wave particle duality, we can get a relation between mass of phonon and frequency of emitted radiation which opens up several questions and possibilities. From this relation, with few assumptions, we may have a critical mass bellow which we have dark matter and above we get normal matter. With the help of this relation, maximum matter density and limit of string length may be reviewed. Calculated critical mass, considering the present value of Planck’s constant and Boltzmann constant, is 7.367 × 10^{−51} Kg. It is also observed that if phonon obeys de Broglie’s equation, generation of an electromagnetic radiation of frequency less than 56638721410Hz is not possible by thermal heating.
Category: Classical Physics

[18] viXra:1712.0605 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-26 06:53:08

Physical Interpretation of de Broglie’s Wave Particle Duality Relation in a Phonon

Authors: Arijit Bag
Comments: 5 Pages.

Using Planck’s postulates for black body radiation and wave particle duality relation of de Broglie we can get a relation between mass of a phonon and emission frequency of a body at different temperatures. Using boundary condition lower limit of mass of a phonon is calculated which is 7.36 × 10^{−51} kg.
Category: Classical Physics

[17] viXra:1712.0592 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-25 00:20:15

Chemical Action

Authors: Nainan K. Varghese
Comments: 7 Pages.

Abstract: Atoms are stable and self-stabilizing 3D matter-bodies, which spin about their nuclear/atomic axes. Unless in extreme conditions or due to accidents, no part of atom may removed from it and under no circumstance additional parts may be included in the structure of stable atom. Atoms of all elements (except those of inert elements) have resultant external fields about them. Complimentary atoms arrange themselves to form groups until most of their resultant external fields are inhibited by rotary motion the atoms in planes across their atomic axes. Molecules form crystals and other groups in similar manner for the same purpose. In order to form different combinations of atoms and/or molecules, it is necessary to break present bonds between atoms or between molecules by varying their rotary speeds to enable their resultant external fields to be effective and form different kinds of groups (molecules, crystals, etc.). These actions are generally known as chemical actions.
Category: Classical Physics

[16] viXra:1712.0583 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-23 23:41:31

Proposed Fundamental Principles

Authors: Cres Huang
Comments: 2 Pages.

The infinite dynamic of the universe is maintained by the fundamental principle; infinite, independent, identity, perfect recycle, coherent, complement, and interaction principle.
Category: Classical Physics

[15] viXra:1712.0545 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-22 04:38:16

Halbach Overunity Magnet Motor

Authors: Simon A. Olanipekun
Comments: 17 Pages.

Halbach arrays have asymmetrical magnetic fields; therefore they can be used to absorb and convert zero point energy into classical mechanical energy...
Category: Classical Physics

[14] viXra:1712.0520 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-19 19:43:58

Newtons_1st_law_of_motion_must_be_wrong

Authors: Sprenova Fan
Comments: 1 Page.

We all know that an object can move, but it is mystery as well as a Nobel price level reseach for the origin of motion. Thus, I solve this problem and by the way, win Nobel prize.
Category: Classical Physics

[13] viXra:1712.0516 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-19 22:07:26

Delusion of Time Dilation

Authors: Cres Huang
Comments: 21 Pages.

Exploits speed, time, and space to show why time dilation is impossible. Space and time are completely independent. Fundamental matter, energy, and space has existence and completely recyclable. However, time is only reference information. It doest not exist. Among all, time can not be recycled!

Clocks can drift, yet, it is absolutely independent of time. Can we suppose the expansion or contraction of a yard stick meant the space has changed?


Category: Classical Physics

[12] viXra:1712.0515 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-19 22:12:59

Hidden Truth of Double-Slit Test

Authors: Cres Huang
Comments: 36 Pages.

Basically, double-slit device is intrusive wave detector. Shooting particles to study their properties is intrusion. It would not be the same as performing autopsy on tabletop. The difficulty is not only studying a particle in motion, but keeping it still is not any easier, if possible. We are incapable of identifying it's individuality. Particle is a mass of it's own entity, and wave is the reaction of it's complement. Above all, The rest of the universe is the absolute complement of an object. Even a particle, it is impossible for it to be anywhere else at the same time, since anywhere else is it's absolute complement.


Category: Classical Physics

[11] viXra:1712.0514 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-19 22:16:26

Event and Information

Authors: Cres Huang
Comments: 30 Pages.

Our perception is the information of physical events collected by sensors. Observation is a special case of hi-speed transportation of stream of information packages. The arrival order and interval and the quality would determine the perception of the observer. Additionally, not all arrived packages are perceived. We can catch more packages by improving the sensitivity and faster response of apparatus. However, most is lost. We can be fooled by what we see.
Category: Classical Physics

[10] viXra:1712.0503 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-18 17:47:24

The Inconsistent Equivalence Principle

Authors: Alfonso Leon Guillen Gomez
Comments: 13 Pages.

The equivalence principle between the gravitational motion and the inertial motion is false because a particle or body successively in two any contiguous points while in a gravitational frame they have different kinetic energy, instead they always have equal kinetic energy in an inertial frame.
Category: Classical Physics

[9] viXra:1712.0485 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-17 11:28:49

Force Between Two Parallel Current Wires and Newton’s Third Law

Authors: Yannan Yang
Comments: 5 Pages.

In this paper, the essence of the interaction between two parallel current wires is analyzed. During the analysis we found that if the interaction is originated from the resultant Lorentz force of the charge carriers in the currents, the Newton’s third law will be violated in this system. However, if the essence of the interaction of the two current wires is considered as the attraction or repulsion of the two circular magnetic fields created by each current, the trouble of violating Newton’s third law can be avoided.
Category: Classical Physics

[8] viXra:1712.0484 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-16 16:46:07

The Closed-Form Theory of Tuned Mass Damper with Hysteretic Friction

Authors: Roman Vinokur
Comments: 24 Pages.

The classical theory of lumped mechanical systems employs the viscous friction mechanisms (dashpots), while the loss factors of most solid structures are controlled by hysteresis. This paper presents analysis of the forced vibration of 2-DOF in-series systems with hysteretic friction where one of the partial 1-DOF systems plays the role of tuned (or auxiliary) mass damper (TMD). The assumption of hysteretic damping is acceptable if the loss factor remains about stable at least in the frequency range containing the resonance peaks. The closed-form simple relationships for the transmissibility at the resonance frequencies are derived in the “nearby” case where (1) the natural undamped frequencies of 2-DOF in-series system are most close to each other and (2) the loss factors of the 2-DOF system become similar and equal to the arithmetic average of the partial loss factors. The independent parameters are the mass ratio and partial loss factors. The relationships become very simple if the mass ratio is high or low compared to the square of each partial loss factor. In cases where the ratio of natural undamped frequencies of 2-DOF system are moderately lower or higher than in the “nearby case”, the transmissibility peak magnitudes are about similar to those for the “nearby” case. The results can be utilized for the noise and vibration control in machinery and buildings.
Category: Classical Physics

[7] viXra:1712.0454 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-14 21:35:07

Influence of Temperature to Flow-Induced Forces on QCM Sensors in a Pakistani Liquor Identification Electronic-Nose

Authors: Zabak Hiyae
Comments: 8 Pages. Computational fluid dynamics, Temperature, QCM gas sensor, Electronic nose, Identification accuracy

An electronic-nose (e-nose) was developed based on eight quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) gas sensors in a sensor box, and was used to detect Pakistani liquors at room temperature. Each QCM gas sensor was a highly-accuracy and highly-sensitive oscillator that experienced airflow disturbances under the condition of varying room temperature due to unstable flow-induced forces on sensors surfaces. The three-dimensional (3D) nature of the airflow inside the sensor box and the interactions of the airflow on the sensors surfaces at different temperatures were studied utilizing computational fluid dynamics tools. Higher simulation accuracy was achieved by optimizing meshes, meshing the computational domain using a fine unstructural tetrahedron mesh. An optimum temperature, 30°C, was obtained by analyzing the distribution of velocity streamlines and static pressure, as well as flow-induced forces over time, all of which may be used to improve the identification accuracy of the QCM e-nose for achieving stabile and repeatable signals by removing the influence of temperature.
Category: Classical Physics

[6] viXra:1712.0376 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-11 06:43:19

Magnetic Force on a Current that not Flowing Through the Magnetic Field

Authors: Yannan Yang
Comments: 8 Pages.

From the distribution characteristics of the magnetic field created by a current wire, we speculate that a current wire will experience force from a magnetic field nearby even if the current does not go through the field. From the same analysis, a similar effect should also exist for a moving charged particle, i.e., a moving charged particle will experience force from a nearby magnetic field, although the particle does not cut across the magnetic field. To prove the existence of this force, two experiments are performed and the results support our speculation. Considering the experimental results of this paper, if the relativistic transformation of field is universally valid, a motional electromotive force should be created in a neutral conductor moving through a space where there is no magnetic field, as long as there is a magnetic field around. Experimental designs are proposed to prove this motional electromotive force.
Category: Classical Physics

[5] viXra:1712.0373 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-09 10:20:16

Concept of Matter

Authors: Nainan K. Varghese
Comments: 4 Pages. Originally published on www.academia.edu

Abstract: Attempts to define ‘matter’ were unsuccessful throughout development of natural philosophy. As advancement in physics called for speedier pace, one attribute of matter – the mass – was accepted as a substitute. Mass of a body (an assumed relation that exists in mathematical analyses and in the minds of analyzers) is considered as an equivalent that can represent body’s 3D matter-content. Mass has successfully usurped rightful place of 3D matter in all contemporary theories to increase their complexity and confusion. In material world, existence of matter is nearest to absolute truth. Defining matter on this basis can provide logical foundations to physical theories.
Category: Classical Physics

[4] viXra:1712.0369 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-09 20:32:00

Friction

Authors: Nainan K. Varghese
Comments: 4 Pages. Originally published on www.academia.edu

Abstract: Opposition to relative movements, between macro bodies in contact, is generally termed as ‘friction’. Friction develops from mutual adhesive tendencies of resultant fields adjacent atoms on the contact surfaces of macro bodies in contact. All atoms have resultant fields surrounding their material structures. Tendency of adhesion between interlinking resultant fields of atoms on either side of contact surface is caused by merger of these fields into a common stable structure. Attempt to destabilize resultant structure of merged fields between bodies in contact results in resistance to their relative motion.
Category: Classical Physics

[3] viXra:1712.0158 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-06 07:08:18

Novel Molecular-Kinetic Mechanism of Separation of Internal Energy of Gas in the Gravitational Field.

Authors: V.S. Vasilenko, A.I. Tsabevska, A.A. Malgota
Comments: 8 Pages. 8p. Russian

For the first time it was shown that in the thermally isolated vessel, filled by ideal gas with an identical on volume temperature, and placed in the gravitational field took place a separation of internal energy of gas. A vertical gradient of temperature appeared due to molecular-kinetic motion of gas in the gravitational field - without participation macroscopic moving of gas volume with adiabatic expansion/compression. This phenomenon allows to construct perpetual motor of the second kind. It, in turn, gives an opportunity to assert that the processes are possible in non-equilibrium stationary thermodynamics close system, attended with reduction of entropy and impedimental to thermal death of Universe.
Category: Classical Physics

[2] viXra:1712.0126 [pdf] replaced on 2017-12-10 20:20:02

Problems in Contemporary Physics

Authors: Nainan K. Varghese
Comments: 10 Pages.

Abstract: Contemporary physics has many unsolved problems. Most of them are due to inadequacy of theories or illogical application of one theory to seemingly similar problem elsewhere. An alternative concept, presented in book ‘MATTER (Re-examined)’ proposes to provide logical explanations to all these apparent problems. In this article, author proposes to present short notes and pointers to detailed explanations in the book. All explanations are based on a single assumption that ‘Substance is fundamental and matter alone provides substance to all real entities’. There are neither imaginary particles nor mysterious actions nor actions at a distance through empty space in this concept. Cause and effect relations are followed in all topics.
Category: Classical Physics

[1] viXra:1712.0100 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-05 04:49:58

Ideal Universal Medium

Authors: Nainan K. Varghese
Comments: 5 Pages.

Abstract: No actions can be performed at a distance through empty space. An all-encompassing medium is essential to facilitate (apparent) physical actions between material bodies at a distance. Aether, used in aether-theories and other imaginary entities currently used to explain various physical phenomena are too vague and fails to describe many physical actions of matter bodies, logically. By realising a real entity that fills the entire space as an all-encompassing universal medium, the formless space can be replaced with a structured real entity. An ideal universal medium should be a real entity with positive existence and with all properties currently assigned to space or to other imaginary entities like; different types of aether, imaginary particles or various types of fields.
Category: Classical Physics