[7] **viXra:1211.0154 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-11-27 12:21:37*

**Authors:** Akinbo Ojo

**Comments:** 16 Pages.

When absurdities are removed from Euclid's description of the properties of space, space acquires a physical reality rather than just being a mathematical abstraction. Supplemented with an equally self-evident postulate, that points have a lifetime and can emerge and disappear from nothing, the full power of a universe tiled with such points is presented. Our description is qualitative and not a fully mathematical one. Apart from confronting arguments and paradoxes against finite geometry, we are able to deduce speculative models for mass, charge, action at a distance, motion resulting from action and reaction, energy propagation and cosmogony utilizing the most elementary of constituents, space and time alone.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[6] **viXra:1211.0124 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2012-11-25 05:04:13*

**Authors:** Mavriche Adrian

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

The present document starts from the relative existence of the electromagnetic field, reaching through mental experiments to its connection with the gravitational field, without the necessity to resort to other space - time dimensions or supplementary "exotic" particles. The final conclusion is that the field "electro-gravitational" and electromagnetic field with accelerated source are two different manifestations of the same single field dynamic. Whilst demonstrating why there are light sources with "flee" towards the red or blue of the light spectrum.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[5] **viXra:1211.0090 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-11-15 15:15:50*

**Authors:** Branko Zivlak

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

Relation between the three dimensionless physical constants, related to masses of neutron, proton and electron, is presented.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[4] **viXra:1211.0071 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-11-13 02:36:30*

**Authors:** V. A. Etkin

**Comments:** 16 Pages.

Статья описывает методологические особенности энергодинамики как теории,обобщающей методы равновесной и неравновесной термодинамики на
нетепловые формы энергии и нетепловые машины
(The article describes the methodological features of energodynamics as a theory
generalizing the methods of equilibrium and nonequilibrium thermodynamics to nonthermal forms of energy and nonthermal engines)

**Category:** Classical Physics

[3] **viXra:1211.0047 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2012-11-30 01:45:32*

**Authors:** Alexander Kritov

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

In this article the author gives a bunch of new hypothesis and presents new exact and simple relations between physical constant and numbers. The author briefly analyzes the discovered coincidences in terms of their accuracy and confidence but he leaves aside any physical explanation of the presented formulas. However all shown relations experience common nature of power of 2. As exact nature of this is unknown yet so it requires further investigation. Presented material may also be viewed as logical continuation and development of Dirac's-Eddington Large Numbers hypothesis (LNH). However opposite to Dirac's LNH two of presented ratios are not approximate but they have exact equality. This allows theoretical prediction of the Universe radius as well as calculation of exact value of the gravitational constant G which all fall within the rage of current measurements data and existing precision

**Category:** Classical Physics

[2] **viXra:1211.0010 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-11-03 14:19:04*

**Authors:** Henok Tadesse

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

1. According to Huygens’ principle every point on the wave front becomes a source of a spherical wave. The sum of these secondary waves determines the form of the wave at any subsequent time. These secondary waves are assumed to travel only in the forward direction. According to the new theory proposed in this paper, however, these secondary waves are not spherical waves: their radiation pattern is the replica of the radiation pattern of the source of the wave . Thus if we put an obstacle between a radiating element and a point in space so that there is no direct propagation from the radiating element to that point, the amount of electromagnetic radiation received through diffraction at that point from the edge of the obstacle depends on the radiation pattern of the source. If the radiating element radiates very small power in the corresponding general direction, less EM waves will be received at that point than if it radiates much power in that corresponding direction. 2. According to our knowledge so far diffraction depends on frequency; lower frequencies are diffracted more than higher frequencies. According to the new theory proposed in this paper, however, diffraction directly depends on the radiation pattern of the source and hence of the radiation pattern of each point on the wave front. If we constructed an antenna for low frequency with the same sharp radiation pattern as an antenna for a very high frequency and tested diffraction, we would prove that diffraction is independent of frequency, according to the theory proposed in this paper.
3. According to our knowledge so far electromagnetic waves propagate in straight line in free space. According to the new theory presented in this paper, however, only radiation from a perfectly isotropic radiator travels in straight path! Therefore electromagnetic radiations from practical radiators such as an antenna are never isotropic, so electromagnetic waves radiated from these always propagates in spiral path around the source, in cosmic scales. Each tiny angular portion of the wave follows a different spiral path which directly depends on the gradient of intensity with respect to angle at that point, which in turn depends on the angular position in the radiation pattern. Natural sources of light (the sun and the stars) are nearly perfect isotropic radiators, so light from them should travel in straight path. We consider the sun and the stars as a single source and not the individual radiating atoms inside them.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[1] **viXra:1211.0004 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2013-11-06 22:35:24*

**Authors:** V.A.I.Menon, M.Rajendran, V.P.N.Nampoori

**Comments:** 13 Pages.

The authors show that the solutions of Maxwell’s equations in vacuum admit electromagnetic waves having oscillations not only in the electromagnetic field but also in spatial displacement which leads to the helical structure of the wave. In the conventional approach the path of the electromagnetic wave is represented by a straight line, and the sinusoidal (non-mechanical) oscillations of the electric and magnetic fields at every point on the straight line constitute the wave. But with the introduction of the spatial amplitude, the straight line path will have to be modified into a helical one. The reason why the existence of such a spatial component of the electromagnetic wave has remained unknown may be due to the fact that it falls outside the limits of accuracy of observation. It is obvious that the existence of the spatial amplitude will warrant the introduction of a new basic field. It has to be examined if this basic field could be identified with the Higgs field.

**Category:** Classical Physics