[11] **viXra:1705.0465 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-05-29 13:33:55*

**Authors:** Peter Bissonnet

**Comments:** 1 Page.

Does Cause and Effect automatically imply Conservation of Energy? This paper takes an extremely simplistic example and shows that there is an apparent inconsistency on the macroscopic level.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[10] **viXra:1705.0401 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-05-28 06:18:10*

**Authors:** Grisha Filippov

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

In the framework of the system of units MKS-PLUS the dependence between vacuum permittivity, vacuum permeability, Newtonian gravitational constant and speed of light. This dependence allowed us to find numerical values of the permittivity and permeability for gravitomagnetic vacuum.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[9] **viXra:1705.0333 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-05-22 09:05:28*

**Authors:** Alexander Bolonkin

**Comments:** 159 Pages.

New macro-projects, concepts, ideas, methods, and innovations are explored here, but hardly developed. There remain many problems that must be researched, modeled, and tested before these summarized research ideas can be practically designed, built, and utilized—that is, fully developed and utilized.
Most ideas in our book are described in the following way: 1) Description of current state in a given field of endeavor. A brief explanation of the idea researched, including its advantages and short comings. No eny equations. Some of them have only the results of estimation and computations. But all ideas contains the links in initial scientific articles contains detail proofs, equtions and computations. 2) A brief description of possible applications—candidate macro-projects, including estimations of the main physical parameters of such economic developmental undertakings.
The parts are in a popular form accessible to the wider reading public. The many original articles of this book will require some mathematical and scientific knowledge, such as may be found amongst technical school graduate students.
The book gives the main physical data which will help researchers, engineers, dedicated students and enthusiastic readers make estimations for their own macro-projects. Also, inventors will find an extensive field of inventions and innovations revealed in our book.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[8] **viXra:1705.0326 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-05-21 15:19:36*

**Authors:** Luca Nascimbene

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

This particle that take my last name was discovered in the lab by using electronic instrumentation with various electronic components,Applying a physical formula I invented corresponds to a new form of particles.
The electronic instrumentation i have use
Oscilloscope, amplificator operational (LM741),capacitor 100nf, 2 resistor 1kohm and sensor photomultipler → rilevator of particle and photodiode

**Category:** Classical Physics

[7] **viXra:1705.0318 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-05-22 00:14:36*

**Authors:** Temur Z. Kalanov

**Comments:** 26 Pages.

The correct scientific and critical analysis of the generally accepted foundations of classical mechanics is proposed. The methodological basis for the analysis is the unity of formal logic and of rational dialectics. The main results of the analysis are as follows: (1) the correct starting point of kinematics is formulated: the informational definition of the concept of time; definitions of the concepts of motion, speed, and acceleration of material point in the metric system of coordinates; the principle of motion of quantum particle (photon); proof of the mathematical, physical, and formal-logical erroneousness (fallaciousness) of Lorentz transformations; (2) the correct starting point of dynamics is formulated: the definition of force as a physical property of the structure of the system of the interacting objects; (3) the correct starting point of the theory of gravitation is formulated: the condition of existence of the gravitational interaction which represents the condition of existence of the region of overlap (superposition, intersection) of the gravitational fields of the material objects; (4) the correct formulation of the law of gravitation within the framework of the system approach is given (the formulation represents the system of the proportions); (5) it is proved that the formulation of Newton’s empirical law of gravitation represents the formal-logical and dialectical errors.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[6] **viXra:1705.0299 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-05-20 10:04:50*

**Authors:** Norberto Meyer Robsrto Morales

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

se reescribe la ley de newton según un enfoque más matemático.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[5] **viXra:1705.0276 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-05-19 01:41:04*

**Authors:** Gavin R. Putland

**Comments:** 41 pages (main text: 37 pages).

A time-variation in magnetic flux density *B* may occur because the field *changes* and/or because the field *moves* relative to the observation point. Faraday's law for a fixed circuit makes no distinction between these causes. But the latter cause is isolated by the magnetic term in the Lorentz force law, which, in a reference frame fixed with respect to the particle, implies that a field *B* moving at velocity *r* induces an electric field *E* = −*r* × *B*. In the case of a traveling electromagnetic wave, *r* is the *ray* velocity (hence the symbol).

Similarly, a time-variation in the electric displacement field * D* may occur because the field changes and/or because the field moves. The Maxwell-Ampère law makes no distinction between these causes. But, by analogy with the Lorentz force law, the latter cause can be isolated by saying that a *D* field moving at velocity *r* induces a magnetizing field *H* = *r* × *D*.

The two "moving field" laws, combined with the relations between *D* and *E* and between *B* and *H*, yield an unusually simple theory of electromagnetic waves, including a derivation of Fresnel's equation for the ray-velocity surface of a non-chiral birefringent crystal. Taking cross-products of the "moving field" laws with the wave-slowness vector, we obtain two more "moving field" equations in terms of wave slowness (generalizing the conventional formulation in terms of the wave *vector*). The last two equations, by analogy with the first two, yield Hamilton's wave-slowness surface. Comparing the results, we can conclude that the ray-velocity and wave-slowness surfaces of a biaxial crystal have curves of contact with tangent planes, and deduce the associated polarizations. Eigenvectors are introduced to show that, in general, the permitted polarizations for a given propagation direction are orthogonal. A coordinate transformation (simpler than Hamilton's) shows that the curves of contact are circles and yields their linear and angular diameters.

Among the footnotes are interpretations of the Poynting vector and the Minkowski momentum density. The text includes introductory material intended to make it comprehensible to high-school graduates.

(P.S.: In this abstract, vectors are shown in italics because boldface is not permitted.)

**Category:** Classical Physics

[4] **viXra:1705.0260 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2018-07-20 03:57:13*

**Authors:** Yongfeng Yang

**Comments:** 46 Pages.

Plate motion was widely ascribed to several driving forces like ridge push, slab pull, and basal
drag. However, an in-depth investigation shows these forces incomplete. Here we propose,
the oceans generate varying unequal pressures everywhere, the application of these pressures
to the entire sides of continents create enormous horizontal forces (i.e., the ocean-generating
forces), the net effect of these forces provides lateral push to the continents and may cause
them to move horizontally, further, the travelling continents drag the crusts they connect to
move, these totally form plate motion. A roughly estimation shows that the ocean-generating
forces may give South American, African, Indian, and Australian continents a movement of
respectively 2.8, 4.2, 5.7, and 6.3 cm/yr, and give Pacific Plate a movement of 8.9 cm/yr.
Some torque effects of the ocean-generating forces contribute to rotate North American and
Eurasian continents.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[3] **viXra:1705.0186 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-05-11 22:43:22*

**Authors:** Yanming Wei

**Comments:** 10 pages, 6 figures. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.33349.45285

Just like the webs of duck feet or bird wings, human beings have struggled for many centuries to experiment flapping-wing aircrafts or ornithopters that shall vertically takeoff, but still failed to commercialize it. Until nowadays, only rotary propeller driven helicopters have achieved great success. Now I propose a flapping umbrella driven ornithopter that is powered by pulse power supply. Once upon commercialization of such inventions, humankind will benefit in many aspects, e.g. affordable personal aerial commuting, remote internet service, goods shipping, etc.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[2] **viXra:1705.0146 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-05-09 10:30:21*

**Authors:** Yannan Yang

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

By analyzing the charge and electric field distribution for some charge systems that containing neutral conductor cavity, we found phenomena that violate Gauss’ Law. In some cases, the net electric flux through a closed surface is equal to zero, although there is net electric charge within it. In the other case, there is net electric flux through a closed surface, but the net electric charge within that surface is not zero.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[1] **viXra:1705.0113 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-05-05 19:39:37*

**Authors:** Robert Stach

**Comments:** 31 Pages.

Teil 1: Erweiterung des Archimedischen Prinzips und die technischen Anwendungen - Teil 2: die Swastika und ihre technische Bedeutung

**Category:** Classical Physics