[16] **viXra:1505.0219 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-07-03 07:53:56*

**Authors:** Antonio A. Blatter

**Comments:** 19 Pages. Version 5 in English

In relational mechanics, a new theory is presented, which is invariant under transformations between inertial and non-inertial reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without introducing fictitious forces. Additionally, in this paper, we assume that all forces can obey or disobey Newton's third law.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[15] **viXra:1505.0216 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-06-28 08:50:08*

**Authors:** Antonio A. Blatter

**Comments:** 19 Pages. Version 3 in English

In relational mechanics, a new theory is presented, which is invariant under transformations between inertial and non-inertial reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without introducing fictitious forces. In addition to the above, in this paper, we assume that all forces always obey Newton's third law.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[14] **viXra:1505.0168 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-12-06 04:02:40*

**Authors:** GuagSan Yu

**Comments:** 11 Pages. This paper is Chinese

The Newton third law by the proof been the wrong been the already, had experimenting of see the substantial evidence on the video , also have the proof of the preciseness treatise. Regard this as the basis to further get, be to the false proof of the Newton second law. Therefore, rectify Newton's law false, new the second laws of motion and new the third laws of motion, then the creation come out. Include the motion of the Newton first law new three law, will become more accurate, more useful mechanics principle, guide the new mechanics system deduce and the establishes.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[13] **viXra:1505.0155 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-05-21 18:24:51*

**Authors:** Fu Yuhua

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

According to the principle of the uniqueness of truth, there should be only one truth, namely law of conservation of energy, in the area of Newton Mechanics. Through the example of free falling body, this paper derives the original Newton's second law and the original law of gravity respectively by using the law of conservation of energy.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[12] **viXra:1505.0140 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-05-19 15:51:10*

**Authors:** Claudio Piantanida

**Comments:** May 2015 - 83 pages - english.

This paper proposes a Galilean-invariant theory of electromagnetism, applicable at first order
in v/c, describing both instantaneous and propagative interactions.
To extend this theory to higher orders, definitions of universal time and proper time are
introduced. New transformations between reference frames are also suggested.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[11] **viXra:1505.0132 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-05-18 04:43:25*

**Authors:** Koen J. van Vlaenderen

**Comments:** 25 Pages.

The force law of Maxwell's classical electrodynamics does not agree with Newton's third law of motion (N3LM), in case of open circuit magnetostatics. Initially, a generalized magnetostatics theory is presented that includes two additional physical fields $B_\Phi$ and $B_l$, defined by scalar functions. The scalar magnetic field $B_l$ mediates a longitudinal Ampère force that balances the transverse Ampère force (aka the magnetic field force), such that the sum of the two forces agrees with N3LM for all stationary current distributions. Secondary field induction laws are derived; a secondary curl free electric field $\E_l$ is induced by a time varying scalar magnetic field $B_l$, which isn't described by Maxwell's electrodynamics. The Helmholtz' decomposition is applied to exclude $\E_l$ from the total electric field $\E$, resulting into a more simple Maxwell theory. Decoupled inhomogeneous potential equations and its solutions follow directly from this theory, without having to apply a gauge condition. Field expressions are derived from the potential functions that are simpler and far field consistent with respect to the Jefimenko fields. However, our simple version of Maxwell's theory does not satisfy N3LM. Therefore we combine the generalized magnetostatics with the simple version of Maxwell's electrodynamics, via the generalization of Maxwell's speculative displacement current. The resulting electrodynamics describes three types of vacuum waves: the $\Phi$ wave, the longitudinal electromagnetic (LEM) wave and the transverse electromagnetic (TEM) wave, with phase velocities respectively a, b and c. Power- and force theorems are derived, and the force law agrees with Newton's third law only if the phase velocities satisfy the following condition: a>>b and b=c. The retarded potential functions can be found without gauge conditions, and four retarded field expressions are derived that have three near field terms and six far field terms. All six far field terms are explained as the mutual induction of two free fields. Our theory supports Rutherford's solution of the 4/3 problem of electromagnetic mass, which requires an extra longitudinal electromagnetic momentum. Our generalized classical electrodynamics might spawn new physics experiments and electrical engineering, such as new photoelectric effects based on $\Phi$- or LEM radiation, and the conversion of natural $\Phi$- or LEM radiation into useful electricity, in the footsteps of Nikola Tesla and T.Henry Moray.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[10] **viXra:1505.0127 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-05-17 22:54:27*

**Authors:** Agustín A. Tobla

**Comments:** 1 Page.

In classical mechanics, this paper presents the definitions and the relations of the linear, radial and scalar magnitudes of a pair of particles ij.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[9] **viXra:1505.0126 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-05-20 03:41:50*

**Authors:** Vadim Matveev, Oleg Matvejev

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

The paper discusses a method of measuring the one-way speed of light based on the use of a rigid rod freely rotating around its axis. The authors analyze the conditions related to phase correlation and synchronism of rotation of the rod ends in the reference frame wherein its axial velocity is zero and in the reference frames wherein it moves at a high axial velocity. The anticipated results of the experiment within special relativity and Lorentz ether theory are also considered.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[8] **viXra:1505.0123 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-05-17 05:57:11*

**Authors:** Vadim N. Matveev, Oleg V. Matvejev

**Comments:** 14 Pages.

Here the so-called Bell’s accelerating rockets paradox is examined. The non-relativistic models of Bell's effect are presented, where likewise the theory of special relativity the proper distance between two rockets following one another is increased them being accelerated on identical programmes. It becomes clear that the proper distance increase is determined by Einstein’s simultaneity of the moments of the start of the programmes execution on the rockets. It is also shown that Einstein’s relative simultaneity does not ensure reversibility of the proper distance between the rockets upon their joint return to their initial state. The reversibility is only achieved by the introduction of the preferred reference frame (not necessarily absolute!) and of the universal time in all inertial reference frames.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[7] **viXra:1505.0103 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-05-13 11:00:46*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 15 Pages.

As an elementary particle, the electron cannot be broken down into smaller particles, at least as far as is currently known. However, in a phenomenon called electron fractionalization, in certain materials an electron can be broken down into smaller "charge pulses," each of which carries a fraction of the electron's charge. Although electron fractionalization has many interesting implications, its origins are not well understood. [9]
New ideas for interactions and particles: This paper examines the possibility to origin the Spontaneously Broken Symmetries from the Planck Distribution Law. This way we get a Unification of the Strong, Electromagnetic, and Weak Interactions from the interference occurrences of oscillators. Understanding that the relativistic mass change is the result of the magnetic induction we arrive to the conclusion that the Gravitational Force is also based on the electromagnetic forces, getting a Unified Relativistic Quantum Theory of all 4 Interactions.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[6] **viXra:1505.0100 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-05-18 06:27:43*

**Authors:** Solomon I. Khmelnik

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

Mathematical model of a tsunami similar to mathematical models and sandy vortex soliton [1, 2, 3] proposed. The reasons of stability and vertical motion цунами considered.\\ Предлагается математическая модель цунами, аналогичная математическим моделям песчаного вихря и солитона [1, 2, 3]. Рассматриваются причины вертикальной устойчивости и движения цунами.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[5] **viXra:1505.0087 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-05-13 07:46:40*

**Authors:** Solomon I. Khmelnik

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

The question of the source of energy in a dust whirl is considered. Atmospheric conditions cannot be the sole source of energy, as such dust whirls exist on Mars, where the atmosphere is absent. Here we show that the source of energy for the dust whirl is the energy of the gravitational field. We present a mathematical model of the sand vortex, which uses a system of Maxwell-like gravitational equations. The model explains some of the properties of the dust whirl – preservation of cylindrical vertical shape of the dust whirl, motion of the dust whirl as a whole.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[4] **viXra:1505.0063 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-05-15 23:52:53*

**Authors:** Zhiqiang Zhang

**Comments:** 25 Pages.

This is one of my original works in physics specially to present periodic table of physical elements which is invented with help of rule of STC , rule of STV and SI units.
All of physical realities designated by physical units possess an common nature of space time structure that can be exclusively described by space time configuration(STC) and space time value (STV). Any physical reality bearing such kind of common nature is called as physical element , such as, space element, time element, mass element, energy element, momentum element, angular moment element, electric quantity element, magnetic moment element, temperature element, mol element and so on.
By rule of STC and rule of STV, all of physical elements known and unknown have been counted statistically and summarized in form of tables entitled Periodic Table of Physical Elements , abbreviated PTPE.
PTPE is consists of 13 tables, among which the 13th table is irregular coefficient ones, while other 12 tables are regular coefficient ones. For regular coefficient tables , each of them contains 36 physical elements , and each of 36 physical elements exhibits by its space time configuration , space time value , name of physical unit, its sign in SI units and serial No. in PTPE.
More then 400 physical elements in total showcase in such way in PTPE.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[3] **viXra:1505.0060 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-05-07 04:30:51*

**Authors:** Solomon I. Khmelnik

**Comments:** 7 Pages. in Russian

It is shown that water soliton, being "ancestor" theory of solitons, drops out of the mathematical model of wave solitons. So below is describes non-wave mathematical model, is describes the flows of matter and energy in the water soliton, is detected energy source, is explained the reasons for its shape and stability of shape and motion of a soliton in general. This model is completely analogous to the mathematical model of the dust whirl [1]. \\ Показывается, что водный солитон, будучи "родоначальником" теории солитонов, выпадает из волновой математической модели солитонов. Поэтому ниже рассматривается неволновая математическая модель, рассматриваются потоки вещества и энергии внутри водного солитона, выявляется источник энергии, объясняются его форма и причины устойчивости формы и движения солитона в целом. Эта модель полностью аналогична математической модели песчаного вихря [1].

**Category:** Classical Physics

[2] **viXra:1505.0057 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-05-06 16:06:19*

**Authors:** Chris O'Loughlin

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

Newton’s Laws of Motion (NLM) represent one of the most significant achievements in the history of science. That said, they are not without their problems. Firstly, NLM treat gravitational motion as if it is caused by a force, which as Einstein discovered, is not true. Secondly, NLM define force in terms of the acceleration a mass undergoes. However, different observers are free to employ different coordinate systems which can result in the measurement of different accelerations. This in turn can result in different observers concluding that different aggregate forces are in action when it must be true that only one aggregate force is in action. The good news is that by incorporating the fact that gravitational acceleration is not caused by a force into a slightly modified version of NLM we can eliminate these problems, and in the process derive a new perspective on the concept of inertia.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[1] **viXra:1505.0054 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-05-18 06:51:57*

**Authors:** Solomon I. Khmelnik

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

Mathematical model of dust whirl presented in [1], supplemented by the inclusion in the model of mass current, which occurs due to air resistance and inertia grains. Augmented model can explain the cause of vortex motion and argued that there is a positive feedback between the speed of the vortex and its mechanical momentum.\\ Математическая модель песчаного вихря, представленная в [1], дополняется за счет включения в модель массового тока, который появляется из-за сопротивления воздуха и инерция песчинок. Дополненная модель позволяет объяснить причину движения вихря и утверждать, что существует положительная обратная связь между скоростью движения вихря и его механическим импульсом: импульс увеличивается с увеличением скорости и, начав движение, вихрь разгоняется.

**Category:** Classical Physics