History and Philosophy of Physics

Previous months:
2007 - 0702(2) - 0703(1)
2008 - 0804(1) - 0807(1)
2009 - 0904(2) - 0907(3) - 0908(2) - 0909(2) - 0910(2)
2010 - 1001(1) - 1002(2) - 1003(4) - 1005(5) - 1008(3) - 1010(2)
2011 - 1103(2) - 1105(1) - 1108(1) - 1110(1) - 1111(4) - 1112(1)
2012 - 1201(5) - 1203(2) - 1204(2) - 1205(2) - 1206(4) - 1207(2) - 1208(2) - 1209(2) - 1210(1) - 1211(1) - 1212(2)
2013 - 1301(3) - 1303(2) - 1305(4) - 1306(4) - 1307(2) - 1308(1) - 1310(3) - 1311(3) - 1312(2)
2014 - 1401(2) - 1402(1) - 1403(2) - 1404(4) - 1405(4) - 1407(5)

Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed further down

[114] viXra:1407.0221 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-30 22:02:52

Is it Possible to Apply Godel's Incompleteness Theorem to Scientific Theories?

Authors: Victor Christianto
Comments: 4 Pages. This article has not been submitted to any journal. Your comments are welcome.

Godel's incompleteness theorem is normally applied to mathematics. But i just found an article by Michael Goodband who argues that GIT can also be applied to scientific theories, see http://www.mjgoodband.co.uk/papers/Godel-science-theory.pdf. My own idea can be expressed generally as follows: any theory boils down to an exposition of a statement/proposition. According to GIT, in any theory there is at least one statement which is unprovable, and therefore any theory can be considered as incomplete or has indeterminacy. One implication of this deduction is that any theory should be made falsifiable (Popper), and also perhaps we can use conditional Bayesian probability to describe acceptance of a theory.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[113] viXra:1407.0179 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-23 19:48:25

Is Bayesian Epistemology a Better Alternative to Popperian Falsifiability?

Authors: Victor Christianto
Comments: 10 Pages. This article has not been published in any journal.

According to a site (see http://psychology.wikia.com/wiki/falsifiability), there are many people who reject Popperian falsifiability, such as Paul Feyerabend and Alan Sokal. There is another two-fold critique on falsificationism by Shockley, see http://pk.b5z.net/i/u/2167316/i/A_Critique_of_Falsificationism_by_Karl_Popper.pdf
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[112] viXra:1407.0178 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-23 19:49:45

Who Can Explain the Process of Scientific Change Better: Popper, Kuhn, Lakatos, or Feyerabend?

Authors: Victor Christianto
Comments: 2 Pages. This article has not been published in any journal.

As we know, for Popper scientific change can be explained rationally. For Kuhn, scientific change is caused by psychology of discovery which sometimes it cannot be explained rationally. For Lakatos, most scientific endeavors nowadays are governed by research programs, which cannot be falsified. See for example: http://www.inf.fu-berlin.de/lehre/pmo/eng/Lakatos-Falsification.pdf And for Feyerabend, there is no specific method which can be used to explain scientific change. Anything is possible. They are four leading philosophers who seem to me represent major ideas on modern scientific change. So, who can explain the process of scientific change better among them?
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[111] viXra:1407.0064 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-09 11:24:32

Is Time Travel Really Possible?

Authors: Rahul Garg
Comments: 4 Pages. Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International.

Time travel is just a hyped fiction which everyone believes is possible. In this paper, I show how time travel is very different from time dilation and we should not get confused between them. Although time dilation is possible, time travel is an entirely different thing and we misinterpret it.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[110] viXra:1407.0062 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-09 00:02:23

Why Base 60

Authors: John Frederic Sweeney
Comments: 24 Pages.

Base 60 mathematics offers convenience for life on a spherical globe, yet why has humanity continued to use a time system based on the sexagesmial system? In our combinatorial universe, Time is controlled by the number 60, which is the reason why the ancients based time – keeping systems on this number. Goodbye, Minkowski Time!
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[109] viXra:1405.0328 [pdf] submitted on 2014-05-27 11:40:03

The Whole and Parts

Authors: Branko Zivlak
Comments: 9 Pages. 4 formulas

This article is an attempt to make a philosophical foundation for my viXra articles, through the statements of other viXra authors from the section "History and Philosophy of Physics".
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[108] viXra:1405.0308 [pdf] submitted on 2014-05-25 01:51:26

Who is Right?

Authors: Lubomir Vlcek
Comments: 3 Pages. Status: With editors in Physical Review Letters

Through the work of Max Planck, Albert Einstein, Louis de Broglie, Arthur Compton, Niels Bohr, and many others, current scientific theory holds that all particles also have a wave nature (and vice versa).[1] This phenomenon has been verified not only for elementary particles, but also for compound particles like atoms and even molecules. For macroscopic particles, because of their extremely short wavelengths, wave properties usually cannot be detected.[2] Wave–particle duality is an ongoing conundrum in modern physics. Most physicists accept wave-particle duality as the best explanation for a broad range of observed phenomena; however, it is not without controversy.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[107] viXra:1405.0244 [pdf] submitted on 2014-05-14 20:49:18

In Search of Reality

Authors: Robert T Longo
Comments: 29 Pages.

In this paper I will discuss the underlying philosophy of physics. A new definition of observer is presented, then the meaning of two words, existence and reality, will be re-examined. With changes made for these three items a new philosophy emerges that allows an examination of the concepts of cause and effect, time, space and how mathematics enters into physics. The new philosophy suggests a structure of the universe that indicates both an understanding of the double slit experiment and a new approach to the quantization and root cause of gravitation.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[106] viXra:1405.0240 [pdf] submitted on 2014-05-14 06:35:48

Gravity the Inertia of the World

Authors: Fursa E.Ja.
Comments: 22 Pages.

Mass as a characteristic of such qualities of the body as the gravity and inertia is not an intrinsic property of the body itself. Mass as a physical quantity determines and serves as measure of such properties as a inertial force (and gravity), arising in the bodies in response to the acceleration of their movements, essentially it is a reaction of bogies on the external influence, characterizing the degree of the physical connectedness of the our World, at different levels of its organization. Mass is the induced property which arises in response to acceleration of the body and retained in the body owing to acceleration and is changed with acceleration. The nature of this phenomenon, i.e. the gravitational and inertial masses, is one and indivisible is concluded to in the general (universal) connectedness of our world as a single global process of Creation and the reason is the acceleration of bodies in a system of bodies associated with the accelerated motion (divergence) of galaxies. The whole world has inertia with respect to the motion of time. World time is absolute inertial frame throughout our universe. Life and evolution are required to the acceleration in the inertial frame of reference (IFR) associated with world time. The phenomenon of "life" is a continuous struggle for time. In order to live, we should uninterruptedly to borrow time in loan from the Universe. We are changing energy in exchange for a time, and we are alive until we are spending the energy.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[105] viXra:1404.0399 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-17 00:57:28

The Future is the Past

Authors: Roger Schlafly
Comments: 10 Pages. Submitted to the 2014 FQXi essay contest.

Modern physics has come to conclusions about time, causality, and reality that have outpaced our language and intuitions. The idea that humanity should steer the future is a cognitive prejudice, based on an ancient misperception of time. Modern physics has brought us a new fatalism about the future, and more reason to focus on the past. The consequence is that there is no future to steer, and humanity is not what we expect.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[104] viXra:1404.0151 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-16 02:40:57

Future Free Energy of New Physics Ball Lightning Black Holes, the Origin of a Super Social Society or the Opposite?

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 11 Pages. 11

The exhaustion of earth’s resources, the criminal financial system, consumerism, overpopulation, poverty, corporate and personal greed, have brought the earth in great danger. The only way out, seems to be a dramatic but radical change of all these subjects. However what radical change, should save us and prevent chaos and a third world war? My only guess is Free Zero Point Electric Energy (ZPEE) Vacuum Energy by New Physics, based on Birkeland/ Alfven electric currents found around the earth and galaxies, adapted to local/ regional scales of use. As a consequence all physics intelligence power and finance should be much more focussed on so called “Energetic Blind Spots” in physics and astronomy on local and universal scale. Examples: A: There is still no serious world wide coordinated research on Ball Lightning and Earth bound micro Comets going on! B: Physicists are still guessing about the real origin of the magnetic power of Sunspots! C: The energetic origin of Comets is a mystery, though the research on Comets is taken more serious in the last years. Secondly we have to think about new political structures to be able to change the base of world scale ZPEE electricity based food production techniques, earning models and law, to create a democratic Sustainable SUPER SOCIAL SOCIETY.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[103] viXra:1404.0118 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-13 17:02:01

The Inverse Anthropic Principle

Authors: F.M. Sanchez
Comments: 2 Pages.

Heavy scientific faults, including the Primordial Big Bang, are shown to be at the origin of the Anthropic Principle. Direct bio-physics relations favor rather an Inverse Anthropic Principle, implying universality of Intelligent Life.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[102] viXra:1404.0048 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-07 05:23:54

Correcting Five Historic Faults in Modern Cosmology

Authors: F.M. Sanchez
Comments: 2 Pages.

The modern cosmology fundators have commit five dramatic deviations from scientific traditionnal methods, leading to a general crash of the current reductionist scientific system. The corrections of theses deviations lead to a Coherence Principle, ruling a simple galilean one-parameter cosmology rehabilitating Eddington's Fundamental Theory without primordial Big Bang, and abandon of reductionism. This unifies scientific domains, and introduces an Inverted Anthropic Principle.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[101] viXra:1403.0178 [pdf] submitted on 2014-03-14 02:15:49

Cosmos 2014 Bruno Llull E8 Physics

Authors: Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr
Comments: 11 Pages.

Cosmos (2014) with Neil deGrasse Tyson discusses Giordano Bruno's MultiVerse. David Deutch defines the MultiVerse in terms of SnapShots that are equivalent to Cl(16) E8 Local Lagrangian Regions that can be combined by completing the union of all tensor products of all copies of Cl(16) for such E8 Local Lagrangian SnapShot Regions to produce a generalization of the Hyperfinite II1 von Neumann factor that is a realistic Algebraic Quantum Field Theory for E8 Physics. Ramon Llull's 13th Century Quaternary Phase Art gives a remarkably detailed picture of the Structure of E8 Physics. In the 16th Century Giordano Bruno had access only to Llull's Ternary Art which was far less detailed than the earlier Quaternary Art, but even so was able to see that Llull's Art was, as Anthony Bonner said, "… a way to explore the connections among his infinity of worlds …", a way that can now in the 21st Century be seen to be consistent with the realistic E8 Physics model.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[100] viXra:1403.0020 [pdf] submitted on 2014-03-04 07:06:43

Physical Nature of Vector Potential

Authors: Mende F. F.
Comments: 6 Pages.

Faradey established the law of induction, carrying out experiments on the solenoids, including turning off in them current, or moving with respect to the solenoids the turns of the wire, to which was connected the galvanometer.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[99] viXra:1402.0169 [pdf] submitted on 2014-02-27 07:07:25

Beyond Science and Technology

Authors: Acharya Sennimalai Kalimuthu
Comments: 12 Pages. I welcome comments from viewers

In this first serial of Beyond Science and Technology, some basic spiritual information are presented in a lucid style.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[98] viXra:1401.0103 [pdf] submitted on 2014-01-13 12:14:02

Crisis of Contemporary Theoretical Physics and the Truth in the Mirror of Dialectical Logic (The Unity Principle)

Authors: Peter Kohut
Comments: 80 Pages.

The TRUTH of our existence has not been detected by science so far. Why does theoretical physics know nothing about the essence of space, matter, energy and time? How can we come to the true knowledge about our existence? Let us look at the reason of critical situation in contemporary theoretical physics and show how critical logical thinking and reasoning can open the door to the truth. I am sure that fair people with open mind want to feel a fresh wind of strong logic leading to the knowledge of truth. A great desire of Man is to find a true meaning of our life and the essence of being. The reality looks like disintegrated into many different and independent spheres, but we feel intuitively that a great variety of existing forms should have a common basis. Many philosophers and scientists have correctly expressed the Unity Principle by the sentence: “Everything is connected to everything else”, but nobody has detected its essence. On the base of dialectical logic the Unity Principle is discovered showing not only the exact mechanism how the physical Universe works, but also the essence of consciousness and subsequently personal God representing the whole self-aware and self-creating reality of the highest complexity.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[97] viXra:1401.0071 [pdf] submitted on 2014-01-09 11:43:31

Democratic Free Will in the Instant Entangled Multiverse.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 18 Pages. 18

Benjamin Libet measured the so called electric Readiness Potential (RP) time to perform a volitional act, in the brains of his students and the time of conscious awareness (TCA) of that act, which appeared to come 500 m.sec behind the RP. The “volitional act” was in principle based on the free choice to press an electric bell button. The results of this experiment gives still an ongoing debate in the broad layers of the scientific community, because the results are still (also in recent experiments) in firm contrast with the expected idea of Free Will and causality. However I would propose the absurd but constructive possibility that we are not alone for decision making in a multiverse as an individual person. Even Max Tegmark suggested already about the multiverse: “Is there a copy of you reading this article?” We could be instant entangled with at least one instant entangled anti-copy person living inside a Charge and Parity symmetric copy Universe. In that case we could construct a causal explanation for Libet’s strange results. New statistical difference research on RPI and RPII of repeated Libet experiments described here could support these ideas. Wikipedia says: “Democracy is a form of government in which all eligible citizens participate equally”. Free will in a multiverse seems to be based on: all entangled copy persons living in all CP symmetric copy universes, have the same possibility to Veto an act and participate equally.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[96] viXra:1312.0245 [pdf] submitted on 2013-12-31 05:07:43

Quantization and Infinity as Intrinsic Properties: Entities Are Either Quantized or Infinite

Authors: Jose P Koshy
Comments: 4 Pages. The fifth paper based on Reality

In this paper, I put forth a philosophical argument that an entity can be either quantized or infinite, but not both; and that only a quantized entity can integrate into a system; the integration will be deterministic, and at each stage, the entity may have different emergent properties; the system thus formed settles in an infinite-loop in an infinite arena made up of non-quantized entities. Based on these, it is proposed that the universe is a system made up of matter, a quantized entity; and the arena is made up of space and time, non-quantized (infinite) entities.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[95] viXra:1312.0242 [pdf] submitted on 2013-12-30 21:49:03

Equally Aged Twins Under Different Accelerations

Authors: M. Gatta, P. Fragata
Comments: 8 pages

In a very recent book on the philosophy of space and time, Maudlin discusses Langevin's famous twin paradox, emphasizing the incorrectness of attributing the different agings of the two twins to the different accelerations they suffered. Here we extend the argument a little by considering to and fro rectilinear motions under finite accelerations (and continuous velocities).
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[94] viXra:1311.0135 [pdf] submitted on 2013-11-18 16:41:35

Invertible Calculation's Non-Invertibility

Authors: Alexandre de Castro
Comments: 6 Pages.

In cryptosystem theory, it is well-known that a logical mapping that returns the same value that was used as its argument can be inverted with a zero failure probability in linear time. In this paper, however, I show that such a mapping, while trivially assigning a logical state to itself, comes up against an impassable entropy wall such that its computational path is undone inside the thresholds of the physical world.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[93] viXra:1311.0118 [pdf] submitted on 2013-11-17 05:07:30

Physical Reality and the Mathematical Laws a New Philosophical Approach

Authors: Jose P Koshy
Comments: 4 Pages. The first of a series of papers based on Reality

Is what we observe real? In this paper I argue that the physical world is as real as we feel – the term 'reality' is defined unambiguously. The domain of physics includes only real situations, whereas the domain of mathematics includes non-real situations also. So the role of mathematics (in the domain of physics) has to be clearly defined. Here I propose a new philosophical approach (to define the role of mathematics): the properties are physical, but the laws are mathematical.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[92] viXra:1311.0114 [pdf] submitted on 2013-11-16 09:52:58

Official Physics VS. my Physics (Illiteracy in the Official Science)

Authors: Leonardo Rubino
Comments: 126 Pages.

WTC7 (World Trade Center 7), that is the third out of three buildings fallen on 9/11 in New York, is known to be the weak point (one out of many) of all science fiction official versions provided by the world of officiality on facts around 9/11. Here, we are going to treat many topics which confirm the existence of multiple weak points. Moreover, multiple are the situations in which the official science shows serious perplexities. Some of the situations just mentioned will be presented in this file. One point must be clear, since the beginning: as long as you do not want to suspect the official versions, provided by governments and courts, the physical interpretations and laws would have to be suspected. In the title we talk about illiteracy, even though we are here talking about something else, actually. Next time I’ll tell you what it really is…
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[91] viXra:1311.0035 [pdf] submitted on 2013-11-06 02:32:27

Return of Logos: Ontological Memory → Information → Time

Authors: Vladimir I. Rogozhin
Comments: 8 Pages. This Essay titled "It from Δ-Logit" participated in the Contest FQXi Essay 2013

Total ontological unification of matter at all levels of reality as a whole, its “grasp” of its dialectical structure, space dimensionality and structure of the language of nature – “house of Being” [1], gives the opportunity to see the “place” and to understand the nature of information as a phenomenon of Ontological (structural) Memory (OntoMemory), the measure of being of the whole, “the soul of matter”, qualitative quantity of the absolute forms of existence of matter (absolute states). “Information” and “time” are multivalent phenomena of Ontological Memory substantiating the essential unity of the world on the “horizontal” and “vertical”. Ontological constructing of dialectics of Logos self-motion, total unification of matter, “grasp” of the nature of information leads to the necessity of introducing a new unit of information showing the ideas of dialectical formation and generation of new structures and meanings, namely Delta-Logit (Δ-Logit), qualitative quantum-prototecton, fundamental organizing, absolute existential-extreme. The simplest mathematical symbol represents the dialectical microprocessor of the Nature. Ontological formula of John A. Wheeler «It from Bit» [2] is “grasped” as the first dialectic link in the chain of ontological formulas → “It from Δ-Logit” → “It from OntoMemory” → “It from Logos, Logos into It”. Ontological Memory - core, semantic attractor of the new conceptual structure of the world of the Information Age, which is based on Absolute generating structure («general framework structure»), the representant of onto-genetic code and algorithm of the Universe.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[90] viXra:1310.0145 [pdf] submitted on 2013-10-16 07:30:11

A Thermodynamic History of the Solar Constitution - I: The Journey to a Gaseous Sun

Authors: Pierre-Marie Robitaille
Comments: 23 Pages. First published in: Progress in Physics, 2011, v. 3, 3-25.

History has the power to expose the origin and evolution of scientific ideas. How did humanity come to visualize the Sun as a gaseous plasma? Why is its interior thought to contain blackbody radiation? Who were the first people to postulate that the density of the solar body varied greatly with depth? When did mankind first conceive that the solar surface was merely an illusion? What were the foundations of such thoughts? In this regard, a detailed review of the Sun’s thermodynamic history provides both a necessary exposition of the circumstance which accompanied the acceptance of the gaseous models and a sound basis for discussing modern solar theories. It also becomes an invitation to reconsider the phase of the photosphere. As such, in this work, the contributions of Pierre Simon Laplace, Alexander Wilson, William Herschel, Hermann von Helmholtz, Herbert Spencer, Richard Christopher Carrington, John Frederick William Herschel, Father Pietro Angelo Secchi, Hervé August Etienne Albans Faye, Edward Frankland, Joseph Norman Lockyer, Warren de la Rue, Balfour Stewart, Benjamin Loewy, and Gustav Robert Kirchhoff, relative to the evolution of modern stellar models, will be discussed. Six great pillars created a gaseous Sun: 1) Laplace’s Nebular Hypothesis, 2) Helmholtz’ contraction theory of energy production, 3) Andrew’s elucidation of critical temperatures, 4) Kirchhoff’s formulation of his law of thermal emission, 5) Plücker and Hittorf’s discovery of pressure broadening in gases, and 6) the evolution of the stellar equations of state. As these are reviewed, this work will venture to highlight not only the genesis of these revolutionary ideas, but also the forces which drove great men to advance a gaseous Sun.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[89] viXra:1310.0115 [pdf] submitted on 2013-10-15 07:09:04

Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck (1858-1947)

Authors: Pierre-Marie Robitaille
Comments: 4 Pages. First Published in: Progress in Physics, 2007, v. 4, 117-120.

October 4th, 2007 marks the 60th anniversary of Planck’s death. Planck was not only the father of Quantum Theory. He was also a man of profound moral and ethical values, with far reaching philosophical views. Though he lived a life of public acclaim for his discovery of the Blackbody radiation formula which bares his name, his personal life was beset with tragedy. Yet, Planck never lost his deep faith and belief in a personal God. He was admired by Einstein, not so much for his contributions to physics, but rather, for the ideals which he embodied as a person. In this work, a brief synopsis is provided on Planck, his life, and his philosophical writings. It is hoped that this will serve as an invitation to revisit the philosophical works of the man who, more than any other, helped set the course of early 20th century physics.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[88] viXra:1310.0004 [pdf] submitted on 2013-10-01 09:38:55

Isaac Newton, Natural Philosopher and Alchemist

Authors: R.A. Isasi
Comments: 3 Pages. none

This brief article analyzes the personality of Sir Isaac Newton, egocentric, anchotite and above all alchemist. Precisely, the superposition of this "defects", associated to a brillant mind, led Isaac Newton to be an original and extraordinary precursor in all the History of Physics.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[87] viXra:1308.0023 [pdf] submitted on 2013-08-05 11:52:08

The Hellenistic and Alexandrian Influences on Kepler's Work

Authors: Panagiotis Papaspirou, Xenophon Moussas
Comments: 16 Pages.

We investigate the close relationships between the astronomical and scientific work of the famous great astronomer Johannes Kepler and the major scientific in general, and astronomical in particular, achievements that took place within the Hellenistic period and the Alexandrian epoch that followed immediately, that is from the Battle of Actium until the death of the scholar and polymath Hypatia. We propose that the Hellenistic Philosophy and Science, as being developed by Giants of Mind, such as Hipparhus of Rhodes, Archimedes of Syracuse, Aristarchus of Samos, Apollonius of Perga, Menelaus of Alexandria, Euclid of Alexandria, Ptolemy of Alexandria, and by philosophers such as Plotinus and Proclus, as well as all the other Neoplatonic philosophers of this era, instills and permeates Kepler’s philosophical view of Cosmos, and at the same time sets the guidelines and paves the way of his lifelong scientific endeavor upon discovering and determining the true laws of planetary motion within a Heliocentric Universe. Johannes’ Kepler work is deeply rooted within these epochs, his philosophical views, his religious beliefs, his physical and astronomical insights about the Universe, all of them can be traced already in the Hellenistic and Alexandrian science. Although the time interval between his era and the great achievements of the Hellenistic and Alexandrian scientists, mathematicians and philosophers spans many centuries, measured according to the flow of historical time, in reality the spirit of these eras irrigated continuously all of the great civilizations which inherited the Hellenistic tradition, that is the Byzantine, the Arabic and Islamic, and the European civilization, giving birth to the Renaissance of the 12th century and to the Renaissance of the 14th century. Kepler, by following his own scientific routes of inquiring, has to be confronted with this tradition, either by accepting some parts of it, or by rejecting specific dogmas and conceptions about the nature and the structure of Cosmos entailed in this tradition, in order to proceed to the theoretical astronomic endeavor of a logically comprehensible, and beautifully ordered Universe, which is subject to unifying physical principles of symmetry, harmony, proportion and analogy, as well as physical laws. Kepler makes the decisive step towards the New Physical Philosophy, and towards the Mechanization of the World Picture, while always remaining deeply influenced by the Hellenistic and Alexandrian spirit that continued to be influential up to Kepler’s era.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[86] viXra:1307.0099 [pdf] submitted on 2013-07-20 11:11:13

Magnetism Falsifies Atomic Theory

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

It can be shown that magnetism has falsified all atom and particle theories.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[85] viXra:1307.0002 [pdf] submitted on 2013-07-01 03:46:39

Deterministic Entanglement Leads to Arrow of Time, Quantum Mechanics, Freewill and Origin of Information

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 7 Pages.

The Everlasting Theory, i.e. the lacking part of ultimate theory, describes the deterministic entanglement characteristic for the Einstein-spacetime components from which the observed matter consists of. Such entanglement leads to the fundamental arrow of time. The exchanged superluminal binary systems of the closed strings, that are responsible for the entanglement, cannot be detected directly. It causes that there appear the uncertainties in the quantum mechanics and experimental data. In reality, the transition from the classical equation of motion via the Poisson brackets to the commutators and equation of motion in the Heisenberg image suggests that the more fundamental level of the quantum physics describes a classical/deterministic theory. The matter-mind asymmetry follows from the torus-circle asymmetry but the matter and the mental structures are built of the same elements i.e. of the Einstein-spacetime components. Due to the entanglement, we can show that the free will follows from the brain-mind resonance. The vibrations in a mind create the magnetic quanta that are some analog to the phonons produced in crystals. Only selected magnetic quanta can induce electric currents in the nerve systems. The freewill is a part of deterministic theory. Due to the classical/deterministic beginning of our cosmos there is obligatory the law of conservation of information. Before the inflation, the unit of time was equal to zero i.e. the space was timeless.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[84] viXra:1306.0205 [pdf] submitted on 2013-06-24 20:16:40

Relation Between Medieval Renaissance and Today's Open Knowledge Dissemination

Authors: Subhajit Ganguly
Comments: 2 Pages.

Time has shown us how zero control by a handful of individuals over the society and complete control of the community, as a whole, over itself brings about positive changes. Less the control by individuals or groups and more the control of the complete set of individuals, more is the positive change. The history of the printing press is a case in point. While history made a mockery of the control-freaks, it proved right the few individuals, who believed in the intellectual capacity of the masses. Intellectual Nazism should be a thing of the past and we should move away from such self-defeating practices.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[83] viXra:1306.0183 [pdf] submitted on 2013-06-20 21:14:13

Natural Science Education in Germany in 2012 after the 1999 European Bologna Reforms

Authors: Eckhard Hitzer
Comments: 4 Pages. 7 figures. Iin R. Nagaoka (ed.), Proceedings of the Meiji University Symposium on Mathematical Education 2012, Meiji University, Tokyo, 17-18 March 2012, pp. 51-54.

High school teacher education - Education of University Teachers - Research at German Universities - The new structure of university degrees in Germany after the Bologna reforms - The new Bachelor degree - The new Master degree - Acknowledgments - Further literature.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[82] viXra:1306.0181 [pdf] submitted on 2013-06-20 21:45:39

New Ways for Physics Education

Authors: Eckhard Hitzer
Comments: 2 Pages. University of Fukui, Fac. Dev. Forum, Vol. 5, p. 12 (2004).

This article introduces Physics Education Research (PER), which focuses on the connection of teaching and research.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[81] viXra:1306.0167 [pdf] submitted on 2013-06-19 19:35:16

Einstein a Brilliant Thief

Authors: Gabriela M. Atanasiu
Comments: 3 Pages.

In 1999, the scientific and historical analysis on the birth of the theory of relativity led to the clear conclusion that the true creator of the theory was Henry Poincaré and Einstein's work was a plagiarism. It is difficult to understand how Einstein elaborated a theory of this magnitude in just a few weeks as he hadn’t previously published anything in this regard.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[80] viXra:1305.0188 [pdf] submitted on 2013-05-30 15:18:56

Remarks on Foundations of Physics

Authors: Józef Kajfosz
Comments: 10 Pages.

A simple scheme for ordering the facts of physics is presented, and some terms associated with basic research are introduced. Some aspects of this research are discussed and an outline of a simple model as an example of a working hypothesis for explaining the known facts is proposed.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[79] viXra:1305.0170 [pdf] submitted on 2013-05-28 13:50:59

Hyper Fast Interstellar Travel Within General Relativity:The Alcubierre and Natario Warp Drive Spacetimes:From Science Fiction to Science Fact

Authors: Fernando Loup
Comments: 37 Pages.

Warp Drives are solutions of the Einstein Field Equations that allows superluminal travel within the framework of General Relativity.There are at the present moment two known solutions: The Alcubierre warp drive discovered in $1994$ and the Natario warp drive discovered in $2001$.The warp drive seems to be very attractive because allows interstellar space travel at arbitrarily large speeds avoiding the light speed limit,time dilatation and mass increase paradoxes of Einstein Special Relativity.This is an introductory article without mathematics written for the general public outlining a brief resume of the "status quo" of the warp drive science from an Historical perspective.We cover the $3$ major obstacles raised by modern science against the physical integrity of the warp drive as a dynamical spacetime that can carry a ship at faster than light speeds.We show using a clear and accessible language that the Natario warp drive emerges as a "winner" against all the $3$ obstacles and can be regarded as a valid candidate for faster than light space travel.Our goal in writing a non-technical paper on this subject is to captive the interest of potential common readers that might would appreciate this subject avoiding the details of complex mathematical explanations.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[78] viXra:1305.0093 [pdf] submitted on 2013-05-16 06:16:21

The Cloud of Unknowing & The Itsy Qubitsy Universe

Authors: Vladimir F. Tamari
Comments: 10 Pages. This essay was submitted to the fqXi Essay Contest "It from Bit or Bit from It?" May 2013

It is impossible to give an assured answer to questions concerning the relationship between Information (for example in the form of BITs) and the physical Universe at the fundamental level (IT). Information is an artifact of human thought imposed on Nature to describe some of its aspects. Nor can experimentation resolve such questions: An observer using an imaging instrument such as a telescope or microscope sees only the final image. There is a Cloud of Unknowing obscuring the true nature of Reality because signals carrying information about physical processes at fundamental scales get distorted, dissipated and subjected to noise in the channel or medium they pass through until they are finally observed at macroscopic scales. A similar Cloud obscures Reality when these experimental results are subjected to fallible logical and mathematical analysis. There is a necessity to examine our philosophy of knowing. By their very nature our best theories are merely our best guesses, and there is no guarantee that better theories may not be discovered contradicting present assumptions and/or presenting new ones.Nevertheless speculation and model-making is allowed. In analog computing devices such as the abacus, a bead is both a thing and a number. Reality may be like that at fundamental scales where its physical and informational content can be regarded as one and the same thing. Rather than BITs being the units of such information however, it is more likely that some sort of physical Bloch-Sphere-like QUBITs making up an ether are the building blocks of radiation and matter, and carriers of zero point energy making up the vacuum. In the theory of everything IT=QUBIT may be the paradigm of choice.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[77] viXra:1305.0060 [pdf] submitted on 2013-05-10 02:02:11

African IFA to RigVeda-Pachisi to Tarot to Llull to Cartan-Dirac-Riesz-E8Physics

Authors: Frank Dodd (Tony) Smith Jr.
Comments: 33 Pages.

Ancient Africa developed IFA divination with 256 Odu analagous to the Real Clifford Algebra Cl(8) and 16 Orishas analagous to the 8+8 Spinors of Cl(8) but in Africa IFA was transmitted by oral tradition and not written down. Humans emerging from Africa via the Arabian Sea settled in nearby India where ideas of IFA were written in the Sanskrit Rig Veda and encoded in Pachisi. By about 500 B.C. Pachisi evolved into Tarot. By about 1300 A.D. Tarot and some ideas of IFA were known in Mallorca where Ramon Llull used them to develop structures of the D4 and D8 Lie Algebras that lived in the IFA Clifford Algebra Cl(8) and its tensor square Cl(8)xCl(8) = Cl(16). Although Llull's work was preserved in writing in Mallorca, his ideas were rejected by the Intellectual Establishment of Paris and remained dormant for centuries. Around 1890 Killing and Cartan rediscovered Llull's Lie Algebras. Only in the 1900s did the work of Cartan as further developed mathematicaly by Jovet, Sauter, and Riesz and as applied by Dirac to physics show how a D8 half-Spinor could be added to D8 itself to get E8 Physics and to see how E8 Physics lives inside IFA Cl(8). It has taken until now (the 2000s) for the formal Written Human Culture to catch up with the informal Oral Ancient African Culture in understanding a realistic Unified Theory of the Laws of Nature. Table of Contents: Introduction ... page 2 African IFA to RigVeda-Pachisi ... page 3 RigVeda-Pachisi to Tarot ... page 7 Tarot to Llull ... page 11 Llull to Cartan-Dirac-Riesz-E8Physics ... page 21 Appendix1 - E6 to D4 ... page 22 Appendix2 - Some Details of E8 encoding in IFA ... page 26 Appendix3 - Comparison of Arabian Sea Africa-India connection with Nile River Africa-Egypt connection ... page 30 Appendix4 - Poster ... page 32
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[76] viXra:1303.0206 [pdf] submitted on 2013-03-27 04:02:38

Science Without Inductivism

Authors: Ningombam Bupenda Meitei
Comments: 6 Pages.

The paper aims to expound on the issue of science being different from non science or prescience in the form of the scientific methodology used. Popper’s method of falsifiability ensures the aim of science to be successful. The aim of science which also needs a critical attitude, can enable scientific progress by rejecting inductivism as its scientific methodology. Popper’s view on what the aim of science is and why and how inductivism fails in the case of science, along with examples from history of science besides its impact on philosophical foundations of science, has been stressed in the paper.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[75] viXra:1303.0124 [pdf] submitted on 2013-03-17 12:55:16

Infinity, Spacetimes and the Origin of Nature

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 10 Pages.

Most fruitful method to formulate a perfect theory should start from induction and via deduction lead to reduction if necessary. To eliminate the dichotomy of infinity i.e. the infinity understood as both a simple continuum without any boundaries or the ever-increasing sequence, we must introduce pieces of space. Infinity as a number has no sense and leads to incoherent theories. Applied mathematics should be defined as mathematical methods starting from pieces of space placed in the infinite nothingness. Since in such theory, information is not lost so such theory is mathematically coherent and reversible. There do not appear physical singularities and infinities. Saturated geometry leads to the Planck length. Our cosmos, and many others, appeared due to inelastic collision of two or more very big fully-filled volumes of space. Only granular/discrete and kinetic geometry can be the foundations of coherent description of Nature. Here are formulated the fundamental axioms as the foundations of ontology. Entanglement of the Einstein-spacetime components leads to both psychology and particle physics. Due to the infinities that appear in the Quantum Physics and Gravity, unification of these two basic theories is impossible – it needs new methods.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[74] viXra:1301.0115 [pdf] submitted on 2013-01-20 00:32:48

Neglect of Metaphysics

Authors: Michael J. Burns
Comments: 2 Pages. mburns92003@yahoo.com

“Not even false” is a saying that is part of the lore of academic physics. Metaphysics is said to be meaningless. But there are compelling arguments, that originate from the work of the rationalist philosopher Spinoza, and from the work of Godel, Church and Turing in the foundations of computer science, which relate physics to metaphysics. The principle of possibility from Spinoza and the understanding of metamathematics by computer scientists do apply to physics.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[73] viXra:1301.0074 [pdf] submitted on 2013-01-13 21:58:35

What Really is Time? a Multiple-Level Ontological Theory for Time as a Property of Matter

Authors: D.J. Pons
Comments: 40 Pages.

A non-local hidden-variable (NLHV) solution is used to address the ontological question: What is time? This NLHV theory (‘cordus’), which has been successfully applied to other phenomena, includes a particular design for the internal structure of particules and their externalised discrete fields. In this specific area it provides a novel multi-level for concept time, and proposes candidate solutions to the problem of what time is and how its arrow arises. According to this theory, time at the fundamental level consists of the frequency oscillations of matter particules, and thus time is locally generated and a property of matter At the next level up, that of the assembly of matter particles via bonds and fields, the interconnectedness creates a patchwork of temporal cause-and-effect, and hence a coarser time. A phenomenon that occurs in one volume is communicated via photons, or massy particules, or fields, to other matter around it. Thus time is also universal and relative. According to this Cordus theory, entropy, classical mechanics, and our perception of time all arise at the boundary between coherence and decoherence, and the theory explains how. The arrow is applied to time where irreversibility arises, i.e. at the assembly level rather than the fundamental level. Time at the macroscopic level is therefore a series of delayed irreversible interactions (temporal ratchets) between sub-microscopic domains of matter, not a dimension that can be traversed in both directions. The theory extends to time at the level of organic life. It explains how the human-perception of time arises at the cognitive level, and why we perceive time as universal. This theory suggests that time is all of particle-based vs. spacetime, relative vs. absolute, local vs. universal, depending on the level of assembly being considered. However it is also none of those things individually. This paper shows that questions about time can be answered at the next deeper level of physics, and gives an example of what that physics might look like and its implications for time.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[72] viXra:1301.0019 [pdf] submitted on 2013-01-04 05:12:57

The Absolute Generating Structure

Authors: Vladimir I. Rogozhin
Comments: 9 Pages. Essay was presented at the Contest FQXi Essay 2012

The essential analysis of changing ideas of Space and Time for the period from the beginning of “Archimedes’ Second Revolution” is carried out to overcome the ontological groundlessness of the Knowledge and to expand its borders. Synthetic model of Triune (absolute) 12-dimensional Space-Time is built on the basis of Ontological construction method, Superaxiom and Superprinciple: The Absolute Generating Structure («Structure-mother»), the nature of time is determined as a memory of material structure at a certain level of its holistic being.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[71] viXra:1212.0126 [pdf] submitted on 2012-12-20 10:40:29

Hylomorphic Functions

Authors: Antony Van der Mude
Comments: 15 Pages.

Contemporary mathematicians since the time of Frege have hypothesized that the objects of mathematics exist in a Platonic universe. Mathematical Platonism is part of the Doctrine of the Forms, which was criticized by Aristotle, who stated that the Forms do not exist apart from the things of the real world - a theory known as Hylomorphism. This paper postulates that the observer in the Copenhagen Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics can be represented as a hylomorphic function. These functions, since they compute universal properties of real events, are not time invertible, like most theories of physics. Instead, they define the arrow of time and the information carried by physical media. They also represent the atomic Qualia of subjective experience. Since Church's thesis seems to be a universal property of reality, the effective procedures seem to be an underlying representation of hylomorphic functions over the integers. But due to quantum undecidability, the hylomorphic functions are not effective, but hypercomputations that cannot be computed by a finite procedure. An example of a hypercomputation is the task of Learning in the Limit (similar to Identification in the Limit) over recursively enumerable sets of inputs. The Kolmogorov set of incompressible numbers is an example of this class of functions - but they are random numbers. On the other hand, although reality has a random component, it is predictable within that randomness. We illustrate a hypercomputation that is Learnable in the Limit, such that there is a computable function that gets arbitrarily close in accuracy to this hypercomputation. It is an example of how hylomorphic functions can model physical observations. This implies that though there can be no axiomatic Theory of Everything, we can come up with theories that are more and more accurate the more we learn.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[70] viXra:1212.0049 [pdf] submitted on 2012-12-07 11:38:20

Wolfgang Pauli and the Fine-Structure Constant

Authors: Michael A. Sherbon
Comments: 15 Pages. Journal of Science 11/2012; 2(3):148-154. DOI:10.2139/ssrn.1934553 Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Wolfgang Pauli was influenced by Carl Jung and the Platonism of Arnold Sommerfeld, who introduced the fine-structure constant. Pauli's vision of a World Clock is related to the symbolic form of the Emerald Tablet of Hermes and Plato's geometric allegory otherwise known as the Cosmological Circle attributed to ancient tradition. With this vision Pauli revealed geometric clues to the mystery of the fine-structure constant that determines the strength of the electromagnetic interaction. A Platonic interpretation of the World Clock and the Cosmological Circle provides an explanation that includes the geometric structure of the pineal gland described by the golden ratio. In his experience of archetypal images Pauli encounters the synchronicity of events that contribute to his quest for physical symmetry relevant to the development of quantum electrodynamics.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[69] viXra:1211.0019 [pdf] submitted on 2012-11-05 08:56:34

"THE Consciousness Connection, a Metaphysical Concept"

Authors: Wilhelmus de Wilde
Comments: 15 Pages.

Our five senses ask for the reference of reference, which cannot be found in our causal material reality. We all have a subjective reality that is presented as a simultaneity sphere around our consciousness. Consciousness not being a material entity with length or volume, can be treated as a singularity. The cutting circles of the different spheres around the percipients form a foam (origin of decoherence) of objective mutual reality (history). Our Reductionist Causal Deterministic Universe (RCDU) is limited by the Planck Wall. Before that causality doesn’t exist , we call this “dimension” Total Simultaneity (TS).. The causal time-line (β-time) consists of entangled Alpha–probabilities (α-P’s) . Each “observer” is the origin of his own causal time lines. Free will makes the choice of an infinity of α-P’s in TS. Subjective individual time travel can happen without being conscious of the process (until now). We explain the double-slit experiment, the “spooky action at a distance”, the Many World Interpretation, Entropy, Time travel and free will. We indicate that the reductionist way of interpreting is only valid for a limited part of our reality and may not lead to the “truth” finding of the whole. The “emergent” way of approach may be more effective and create an understandable “being” of WHAT IS. (Parmenides, Greek Eleatic School of Philosophy, 515 BC) .
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[68] viXra:1210.0038 [pdf] submitted on 2012-10-08 18:51:14

The Arrow of Time, Again!

Authors: S.Baune
Comments: 2 Pages.

The wineglass shattering to the ground never reassembles itself back onto the table, or does it?
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[67] viXra:1209.0056 [pdf] submitted on 2012-09-19 03:31:37

Essentials Of The Theory Of Abstraction - Lecture

Authors: Subhajit Ganguly
Comments: 4 Pages.

Zero-postulation, as we can see, sits at the heart of abstraction. Null-postulation or zero-postulation favours no given result or a given set of results over all others. In that way, null postulation does not assume anything beforehand. What it does is to consider all possible results and derive the ultimate results from this exhaustive set of possible results. Each valid element inside the exhaustive set of results might interact in order to culminate into the ‘real’ results or happenings.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[66] viXra:1209.0012 [pdf] submitted on 2012-09-04 06:33:45

A Reinterpretation of Schrödinger's Cat According to Ernst Mayr

Authors: Peter Punin
Comments: 18 Pages.

ABSTRACT: The theory of decoherence, provided we accept its validity, partially solves the quantum-macro clash as it had been seen few decades before. Namely, the theory of decoherence permits us to understand (better) why a given macro-system, in contrast to the quantum entities that compose it, does not superpose simultaneously several possible states. Subsequently, the theory of decoherence partially solves the paradox stemming from the Gedankenexperiment known as “Schrödinger's cat”. In terms of decoherence, it seems reasonable to admit that the feline, independently from any measurement process, is either alive or dead, but never superposes these mutually exclusive states. On the other hand, the resolution of a second essential aspect of the quantum-macro clash cannot find any help from the theory of decoherence. While now the overall wave packet reduction by the macroscopic environment of each quantum phenomenon manifesting itself at our scale seems quite plausible, the theory of decoherence does not explain from where our macroscopic world – ultimately irreducible to the only quantum axioms and laws – could emerge. In other words, whereas the macro-non-superposition problem seems almost solved, the supra-quantum emergence problem entirely persists. From the (current) perspective of the macroscopic non-superposition problem, Schrödinger's cat perhaps retains only a historical interest . But in the present paper, we will try to show that in the context of the supra-quantum emergence problem, the “cat” continues to have a specific relevant significance. On the other hand, it seems commonly admitted that the special status of the “cat” as a representative of living matter does not have any intrinsic meaning within the Gedankenexperiment. Other antithetical “macroscopic superpositions” such as a broken-intact phial or simply the needle of a measurement apparatus pointing simultaneously upwards and downwards would express the same message than the dead-living “cat.” However, here we aim to prove that the living matter status of the “cat”, when related to the supra-quantum emergence problem, does have – despite its author – an intrinsic signification which the modern philosophy of science generally denies. Indirectly inspired by certain assumptions of the neo-Darwinian biologist Ernst Mayr denoting that the existence of living matter expresses a key aspect of the supra-quantum emergence problem, this paper is purposed to establish 1° that the efficient elucidation of the supra-quantum emergence problem should have a formally and experimentally operating “general systems theory” according to Ludwig von Bertalanffy, 2° that this “general systems theory” still looking for its own scientificity remains until further notice reduced to a kind of not entirely full scientific “world vision” or “intellectual attitude” commonly called “holism”. 3° that a generally neglected text passage of Schrödinger's article “Die gegenwärtige Situation in der Quantenmechanik” containing the “cat” closely anticipates – despite its author and far ahead of time – the fundamental assumption of “general systems theory”, i.e. “the whole transcends the 'sum' of its parts”, 4° that the factors ensuring the powerful formal consistence of quantum physics are – except for one determining detail – the same which hamper the creation of a scientifically relevant “general systems theory” and, subsequently, impede the elucidation of the supra-quantum emergence problem.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[65] viXra:1208.0201 [pdf] submitted on 2012-08-20 11:31:30

The Universe an Effect Without Cause

Authors: Philip Gibbs
Comments: 11 Pages. FQXi essay 2012

Through the history of science we have become accustomed to experiencing paradigm shifts in our fundamental understanding of the Universe. Previously-cherished principles have been abandoned by radical thinkers in order to free them of the constraints that were hindering progress. Copernicus ousted the geocentric worldview that had been the dogma for centuries and Einstein led us to abandon the absolutes of time and space introduced by Newton, then Heisenberg took away certainty leaving us to accept unavoidable unpredictability in the laws of nature. In each case the revolutionary move was met with strong resistance from the ruling guard of physicists, but eventually victory fell into the hands of a new generation of thinkers. Each of these revolutionary changes came as a surprise, but the next great shift in thinking will be different in that it has long been anticipated. Physicists already expect that some former assumptions will be tomorrow’s sacrifices in the battle to understand the nature of reality. They know that everyday senses, intuition and philosophical prejudice cannot be trusted when exploring the fundamental laws that prevail in physical regimes that are not part of our ordinary experience. They have seen it all before and all agree that something important has to give before the next breakthrough can be struck. I think it is clear that space and time will be the first casualties of this revolution. They will become emergent properties of a deeper reality. That is the easier part but with them, locality and causality must also fail. Of these it is temporal causality – the principle that every effect has a preceding cause – that is the hardest for scientists to lose. In this essay I discuss why this must happen and what can take its place.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[64] viXra:1208.0032 [pdf] submitted on 2012-08-08 12:06:42

House of Cards Built One Meter at a Time

Authors: Frank H. Makinson
Comments: 6 Pages. The base units of measure can be mathematically defined.

A physical law assumption is based upon a knowledge set extracted using observation and measurement techniques available at the time the assumption was made. An assumption can stifle scientific inquiry if it is allowed to become a protected paradigm, and thus, unchallengeable. Units of measure are a core element of physical law inquiry and an erroneous assumption used in selecting the base units can hinder the inquiry process significantly.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[63] viXra:1207.0031 [pdf] submitted on 2012-07-08 06:53:00

Fix Physics! Reverse Engineer Relativity, Quantum Mechanics and the Standard Model, Get Rid of Outdated Assumptions, Consolidate, and Reconstruct On New First Principles

Authors: Vladimir F. Tamari
Comments: 10 Pages. This essay was submitted to the FQXI Essay Contest "Questioning the Foundations: Which of Our Basic Physical Assumptions Are Wrong?" http://fqxi.org/community/forum/category/31418

A paradigm shift in physics is now overdue, Physics is founded on mismatched assumptions including three by Einstein such as the photon-as-particle, which has led to the assumption of the physical reality of quantum probability. Others such as a fixed speed of light and flexible spacetime need to be recast in a more physically realistic way. Physics is likened to a badly designed building that is hard to use, impossible to build on, and in danger of collapse in some sections. Seven foundational questions are discussed related to the 'stuff' making up the universe, the unreality of time, a variable speed of light in an ether, gravity warping spacetime, the photon as a particle, and the nature of a particle's wave field, the physical reality behind probability uncertainty and entanglement, and the Standard Model
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[62] viXra:1207.0019 [pdf] submitted on 2012-07-04 17:20:34

On Communicating the Value of Basic Physics Research to the Public

Authors: Armin Nikkhah Shirazi
Comments: 8 Pages. Originally submitted 4/17/12 to arxiv under "physics and society". Rejected because "The moderators determined that your submission was in need of significant review and revision before it would be considered publishable by a conventional journal."

at basic scientific research is of value is a strong one, but may not be always communicated very well to the public. As a result, even though the public overwhelmingly supports science, it may not always support important basic physics research projects. This can have definite consequences on policy decisions, as happened when the superconducting supercollider was shut down after pouring 2 billion dollars into it. This article makes six recommendations, directed primarily at physicists, but also more generally applicable to all scientists, to help communicate the value of basic physics research to the public more effectively. Doing this is especially important now, as we find ourselves at a juncture at which the United States appears to be on the verge of abdicating its leadership role in many areas of science and technology.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[61] viXra:1206.0102 [pdf] submitted on 2012-06-27 13:27:40

On a General Method in Dynamics

Authors: William Rowan Hamilton
Comments: 65 Pages.

A paper of Sir Hamilton originally published in the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, 1834. Edited by David R. Wilkins.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[60] viXra:1206.0056 [pdf] submitted on 2012-06-15 17:52:33

Logic of 'Push Gravity'

Authors: Nainan K. Varghese
Comments: 7 Pages. Originally published in 'General Science Journal'

An all-encompassing universal medium, made of ‘real’ matter particles, fills entire space outside ‘basic 3D matter particles’. It is homogeneous, isotropic and self-stabilizing multiple-entity. Because of its inherent compression, it squeezes all ‘basic 3D matter particles’ by direct contact. This all-around push action on 3D matter by universal medium is ‘gravitation’. Strength of gravitation is proportional to the extent of universal medium, away from the point of action. Extent of universal medium on outer sides of two basic 3D matter particles is always more (with correspondingly higher gravitation) than the extent of universal medium in between them (with correspondingly lower gravitation). Greater pushes from outer sides and lower pushes from in between, compel basic 3D matter particles to move towards each other. Cause of this motion appears as ‘attraction’ between the basic 3D matter particles. This phenomenon is interpreted as ‘gravitational attraction’ between them. ‘Gravitational attraction’ is a minor by-product of separate gravitational push-actions on each of the basic 3D matter particles. Magnitude of gravitational attraction between two macro bodies is the resultant of gravitational attractions between their constituent basic 3D matter particles. It is the differences in extents of universal medium on either side of constituent basic 3D matter particles that produce gravitational attraction between two macro bodies, rather than shadow-effects on each other.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[59] viXra:1206.0004 [pdf] submitted on 2012-06-03 04:26:36

Principle of Processes Counterdirectivity (ПРИНЦИП ПРОТИВОНАПРАВЛЕННОСТИ ПРОЦЕССОВ)

Authors: Etkin V.A.
Comments: 12 Pages. In Russian

It is shown, that in spatially non-uniform systems there is a special category of processes which lead to opposite changes of properties in its parts. These processes give to system not additive properties doing them capable to internal movement and evolution. Thereby the physical substantiation of the dialectic law of the unity and conflict of opposites is given. (Показано, что в пространственно неоднородных системах существует особая категория процессов, которая вызывает противоположные изменения свойств в её частях. Эти процессы придают системе неаддитивные свойства, делающие их способными к внутреннему движению и эволюции. Тем самым предложено физическое обоснование диалектического закона единства и борьбы противоположностей).
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[58] viXra:1206.0002 [pdf] submitted on 2012-06-03 08:15:22

The COMALOGICAL Theory: The Philosophy of the Modified Relativity Theory

Authors: Azzam AlMosallami
Comments: 15 Pages.

The name, COMALOGY is derived from CO which means CONSCIOUSNESS and MA, which means MATTER. Therefore, COMALOGY is a theory that studies the relationship between consciousness and matter as a result of the unification between Quantum theory (Copenhagen school) and Einstein's relativity theory (General and Special) in concepts, principles, and laws. The Comalogical theory considers consciousness as primary and matter as secondary and that consciousness creates matter, not vice versa. Comalogy agrees with the concepts, principles and laws of Quantum theory (Copenhagen school), and changes its abstractions, to descriptive,imaginative, and cognizable data. Also, Comalogy refuses the concepts of determinism, causality, and continuity in the laws of nature, and affirms that the material world is controlled by the concepts of non-determinism, uncausality, and discontinuity. Also, our theory refuses the objective existence of phenomena, in that it considers the observer is directly involved in the formation of phenomena as in the Copenhagen school. The concepts, principles, and laws of Quantum theory is applied to the micro world of the atom, whereas the macro is controlled by the laws of classical physics. This creates a contradiction in nature. In our theory (Comalogy) we unify the concepts, principles and laws which control the macro world with those of the micro world.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[57] viXra:1205.0105 [pdf] submitted on 2012-05-27 22:23:59

The Moon Illusion Induced by Atmospheric Converging Light Effect

Authors: Yongfeng Yang
Comments: 6 Pages. 2 figures

The mystery of the Moon illusion keeps pending, even if many physical and physiological explanations have been extensively attempted over thousands of years. Here I propose that the illusion may be related with the Earth’s atmospheric unusual optical effect. The Earth sphere shell atmosphere may form a convex lens to refract ray of light, this leads to that the ray of light emitted (reflected) from the Moon is greatly converged before it reach observer’s eyes, and thereby the retinal (camera) image of the Moon is commonly compressed. The difference of the convergence in atmosphere between the horizontal Moon and zenithal Moon results in that the former’s image is compressed much more than that of the latter, but reversely, the geometry of optics requires the horizontal Moon to be enlarged much more than the zenithal Moon when they are looked back into the sky.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[56] viXra:1205.0004 [pdf] submitted on 2012-05-02 18:26:11

The Memristor and the Scientific Method

Authors: Blaise Mouttet
Comments: 8 Pages.

In 1971 a “missing memristor” was proposed by a circuit theorist named Leon Chua as a 4th fundamental passive circuit element defined by a non-linear relationship between electric charge and magnetic flux linkage. In 2008 a research group from Hewlett-Packard led by Stan Williams claimed credit for finding this “missing memristor” based on the observation of a zero-crossing hysteresis effect. I recently proved that the zero-crossing hysteresis effect can be produced by dynamic systems other than the memristor or more generalized memristive systems. In light of this development I address several public comments made by Stan Williams regarding the history of the memristor.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[55] viXra:1204.0104 [pdf] submitted on 2012-04-30 17:26:23

Gravity: The Subatomic Electrical Contraction of Space and It's Relationship to Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity

Authors: Keith D. Foote
Comments: 8 Pages. Alternative model of gravity.

This description of gravity is based on the Ultra-Space Field Theory. The Ultra-Space Field Theory is an associative field theory model, which describes the behavior patterns of kinetic energy, electrons, positrons, magnetic fields, gravity, and their predictable interactions. Joined positrons and electrons are described as the source of gravity. Additionally, Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity is reexamined and compared with the USF Theory’s model of gravity.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[54] viXra:1204.0064 [pdf] submitted on 2012-04-16 04:51:42

Quantum Theory: Undulating Foundations, Uncertain Principles?

Authors: Sosale Chandrasekhar
Comments: 22 Pages.

Intriguing questions from the early history of quantum theory (QT) raise serious doubts about the accepted theory of black body radiation. (The Planck theory builds on the apparently flawed Rayleigh-Jeans approach.) Furthermore, the validity of the theory of diffraction, the basis of the wave theory of radiation and matter, seems uncertain. Together, these raise fundamental questions about the foundations of QT and its current status. The apparently symbiotic relationship between QT and the theory of atomic and molecular structure, a key paradigm of modern scientific thought, may be a misleading indicator of the validity of QT. The protocols deriving from the Schrödinger equation lead to quantized states, but only along with certain assumptions. It is argued that QT applies uniquely to the interaction of electromagnetic radiation with matter, and that its scope is not universal: thus, it is best regarded as a quasi-empirical formalism. It is possible that the uncertainty surrounding QT is a legacy of the troubled historical period during which it was founded. This apparently has fascinating implications for the history and philosophy of science in general.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[53] viXra:1203.0086 [pdf] submitted on 2012-03-22 14:54:33

Circumventing Bell’s Theorem? Design of a Non-Local Hidden-Variable Model with Physical Substructures

Authors: D.J. Pons, A.D. Pons
Comments: 19 Pages.

The purpose of this paper was to look for non-local designs of particles. We show that the Bell-type theorems are not proof against a hidden variable solution, by presenting such a model complete with the first level of internal functional structures. A design method was used to infer the internal structures that would be necessary to explain the observed phenomena of entanglement. The result is a novel model called the cordus particule, which is proposed to have two reactive ends that are separated in space. The model proposes the internal structures and provides mechanisms showing how the external behaviour arises from those structures. A mechanism is given for superluminal entanglement. The model predicts outcomes from Bell-type tests that are consistent with empirical results. This shows that it is conceptually possible to create hidden-variable solutions that are based on physical sub-structures. We suggest that the better interpretation of entanglement and the Bell-type theorems is that both local realism and the zero-dimensional point construct are false. The cordus model produces a new concept for the mechanism for locality and the extents thereof, and implies the need to abandon strict locality and local realism, at least at the deeper level. Nonetheless an approximate retention of both locality and realism is provided. The results suggest it is worthwhile questioning the established ideas of physics regarding the composition of particules, and we particularly identify the zero-dimensional point construct as ripe for revision.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[52] viXra:1203.0013 [pdf] submitted on 2012-03-04 07:09:09

Theoretical Physics in Crisis

Authors: Peter Kohut
Comments: 10 Pages.

Contemporary fundamental theoretical physics has been in crisis for a long time, as it cannot provide an answer to the most important question: “What is the basic structural unit of matter (space, time, energy) and how is the universe constructed of these elementary units?” The reason for this situation is explained below. Also shown, is the way to find answers to these basic questions.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[51] viXra:1201.0079 [pdf] submitted on 2012-01-19 20:31:32

Cern Reconfirmă „Ipoteza Smarandache”!

Authors: Mircea Monu
Comments: 3 Pages.

În 6 octombrie 2011, ziarul „Monitorul de Vȃlcea” a publicat articolul „Profet în Ţara Fizicii: Smarandache confirmat, Einstein infirmat?”, în care arătam că un experiment ştiinţific numit „Experimentul OPERA”, efectuat de către o echipă de savanţi de la CERN (iniţial, numit Centrul European de Cercetări Nucleare, acum, Laboratorul European pentru Fizica Particulelor Elementare) din Geneva (Elveţia), a demonstrat că particulele elementare neutrino se deplasează cu o viteză mai mare decât cea a luminii, ceea ce infirmă celebra Teorie a Relativităţii Restrânse, enunţată de fizicianul Albert Einstein (viteza luminii este viteză limită în Univers) şi, deci, confirmă „Ipoteza Smarandache” (nu există viteză limită în Univers), enunţată în anul 1998 de către matematicianul vâlcean Florentin Smarandache, născut la Bălceşti, în anul 1954.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[50] viXra:1201.0078 [pdf] submitted on 2012-01-19 20:39:46

Florentin Smarandache a Primit Premiul Academiei Romȃne

Authors: M. Monu
Comments: 4 Pages.

În articolul din 15 decembrie, scriam despre eforturile pe care le-a făcut vâlceano-americanul prof. univ. dr. Florentin Smarandache, născut la 10 decembrie 1954 în Bălceşti, de a veni din oraşul Gallup, statul federal New Mexico, SUA, unde predă matematica la Universitatea “New Mexico”, în Bucureşti, pentru a putea participa la festivitatea de înmânare a Premiilor Academie Române pe anul 2009 (aşa se acordă, după doi ani!), deoarece primise un premiu în domeniul ştiinţelor tehnice.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[49] viXra:1201.0076 [pdf] submitted on 2012-01-19 20:47:55

Profet în Ţara Fizicii

Authors: Fizician M. Monu
Comments: 6 Pages.

Un prim experiment, intitulat OPERA, după numele detecto-rului de neutrini, a confirmat o curajoasă ipoteză ştiinţifică a unui român – vâlceanul Florentin Smarandache.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[48] viXra:1201.0074 [pdf] submitted on 2012-01-19 21:21:15

Un Cercetător Romȃn a Dedus Existenţa Particulelor cu Vitezele Supraluminale Descoperite Recent la Cern

Authors: I. Patrascu
Comments: 2 Pages.

Profesorul romȃno-american Florentin Smarandache, de la Universitatea New Mexico din Statele Unite, dedusese particule circulȃnd cu viteze mai mari decȃt viteza luminii într-o lucrare publicată, numită “There is no speed barrier in the universe” [Nu există nici o barieră de viteză în univers], în anul 1998, ca o extindere a unui manuscris din 1972 pe care l-a prezentat la Universitatea din Blumenau, Brazilia, într-un tur de conferinţe despre “Paradoxism în Literatură şi Ştiinţă” în 1993. Articolul său se bazează pe Paradoxul Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (1935), pe o lucrare a lui Bohm (din 1951) şi pe Inegalităţile lui Bell (1964).
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[47] viXra:1201.0043 [pdf] submitted on 2012-01-08 22:50:24

Limits of Coherence: Where and Why is the Transition to Discoherence?

Authors: D.J. Pons
Comments: 12 Pages.

This paper provides a conceptual solution to the questions of what causes discoherence and where the limits of coherence might be. Coherence is reinterpreted from the cordus perspective, as being a state when all the particules have synchronised frequencies and phases thereof, i.e. a form of complementary frequency state synchronisation (CoFS). Alternatively coherence can be perceived as a special state of assembly where the particules provide for mutual preservation of the de-energised locations of each other. Cordus anticipates three mechanisms for discoherence. First, a coherent material cannot accept internal shear velocity. Second, higher temperatures lead to decoherence because phonons (internal thermal vibrations) disturb the stability. Third, more complex assemblies of matter are harder to put into coherence, and the complicating factors are expected to be the number of components in the assembly, and the variety of species (simplicity and purity). Accordingly, the upper limit for coherence could be a simple crystal, or perhaps even a virus, with a limited number of species (different molecules or elements), at low temperature. However this is thought to be an optimistic prediction. This model predicts that coherence is already unachievable at the assembly level of the smallest metal grains, mineral crystals, and cell organelles, at ambient temperature. Thus warm macroscopic objects and living creatures cannot be put into coherence or superposition. However there is no problem with having coherent domains within a discoherent body, e.g. molecules that are internally coherent. Single particules, such as electrons, are self-coherent under any conditions.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[46] viXra:1112.0037 [pdf] submitted on 2011-12-11 19:23:23

The Legend of Cosmological Homogeneity

Authors: Robert L. Oldershaw
Comments: 11 Pages. a bit dated, but still relevant

For more than a half century cosmologists have been guided by the assumption that matter is distributed homogeneously on sufficiently large scales. On the other hand, observations have consistently yielded evidence for inhomogeneity in the distribution of matter right up to the limits of most surveys. The apparent paradox can be understood in terms of the role that paradigms play in the evolution of science.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[45] viXra:1111.0095 [pdf] submitted on 25 Nov 2011

2011 New Mexico Book Award for Science & Math

Authors: Mircea Eugen Selariu
Comments: 4 pages.

Prof. W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy, from Indian Institute of Technology, Chennai - India and Prof. Florentin Smarandache, from the University of New Mexico - USA, have received the 2011 New Mexico Book Award at the category Science and Mathematics for their book "Algebraic Structures Using Natural Class of Intervals", published by the Education Publ. Hse. from Columbus, in 2011.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[44] viXra:1111.0046 [pdf] submitted on 12 Nov 2011

The Anthropic Principle and Intelligent Design Continued

Authors: Paul Karl Hoiland
Comments: 3 pages

In this short article I continue to discuss the idea of could the Universe or even multiverse be a product of Intelligent Design. I avoid the assumptions used by Christian writers on this subject and simply point out an alternative venue under which this whole idea could be studied in science. I also supply a possible solution to the origin of life and how life started here.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[43] viXra:1111.0045 [pdf] submitted on 12 Nov 2011

The Anthropic Principle and Intelligent Design

Authors: Paul Karl Hoiland
Comments: 6 pages

In this short article I discuss the Anthropic Principle, some of the possible solutions, and focus on the idea of could the Universe or even multiverse be a product of Intelligent Design. I avoid the assumptions used by Christian writers on this subject and simply point out an alternative venue under which this whole idea could be studied in science.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[42] viXra:1111.0006 [pdf] submitted on 2 Nov 2011

Mark Sverdlov - To know the World ... Is It Possible?

Authors: Mark Sverdlov
Comments: 2 Pages.

The world represents the unified system of many soliton formations of different kinds. These formations distort the vibrational signals as they pass through their borders. The size of these solitons oscillates from microsolitons to galaxies, universes and so forth. The human being lives inside one of these solitons. Since the signals passing through the borders of solitons are distored, the human being has a possiblity of obtaining relatively adequate information only in the area where he resides, instead of the whole world. The possible degree of obtaining a knowledge about the world by a person in this situation is the problem discussed in this paper. It is concluded that the human can possess only limitted ability of modeling, as well as a necessity of creating a fundamentally new physics.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[41] viXra:1110.0026 [pdf] submitted on 7 Oct 2011

Instrumentalism Vs. Realism and Social Construction

Authors: Armin Nikkhah Shirazi
Comments: 6 pages

An important debate in the philosophy of science, whether an instrumentalist or realist view of science correctly characterizes science, is examined in this paper through the lens of a related debate, namely whether science is a social construct or not. The latter debate arose in response to Kuhn's work The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, in which he argued that while there exists a process through which scientific understanding evolves from primitive to increasingly refined ideas, it does not describe progress 'toward' anything. Kuhn's work was then used to argue that there is no such thing as a knowable objective reality, a view much in agreement with that of the instrumentalist. This paper argues that a generalized version of the correspondence principle applied to a theory's domain of validity is an exclusive feature of science which distinguishes it from socially constructed phenomena and thereby supports the realist position. According to this argument, progress in science can be characterized as the replacement of old paradigms by new ones with greater domains of validity which obey the correspondence principle where the two paradigms overlap. This characterization, however, is susceptible to the instrumentalist objection that it does not fit the transition from Aristotelian to Newtonian physics. In response, it is required that this argument depend on the intactness of certain core concepts in the face of experimental challenge within some regions of the theory's original domain of validity. While this requirement saves the argument and even offers an answer to the question of what it would take for our most established theories in physics, relativity and quantum theory, to suffer the same fate as Aristotelian physics, it also defers a conclusive resolution to the debate between instrumentalists and realists until it can be determined whether an ultimate theory of nature can be found.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[40] viXra:1108.0007 [pdf] submitted on 4 Aug 2011

A Conceptual Framework to Explain the Entanglement Phenomenon

Authors: Barry Wolfson
Comments: 2 pages

Of all the mysteries that have confronted physicists in the past century surely entanglement must rank amongst the most perplexing. Not only does this phenomenon express itself over apparently arbitrarily large distances and barriers between two particles but it also expresses itself across time! I propose a model using higher dimensional space which conceptually can reconcile the apparent problems presented by entanglement - that of communicating faster than the speed of light and even communicating into the future.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[39] viXra:1105.0036 [pdf] submitted on 24 May 2011

The World "Axis of Good" (2005) (Pra-Centenary of Special Relativity)

Authors: V.V. Demjanov
Comments: 4 pages.

This note was written in 2005, just after the hundredth anniversary of special relativity, on the occasion of the following event. A report has appeared in press that "the American space-lab telescope Wmap detected in the Universe a symmetry axis of the angular distribution of the relict background microwave radiation". It is hard to imagine a "better gift" to the centenary of SRT. Proponents of SRT (which are the most people among scientists) immediately titled this discovery "The Axis of Evil", since it wrecks their notions that there is no absolute reference frame in the World. Such reference pegs turns out to exist and not only in outer space but in each ordinary Earth's laboratory. It is this that I inform about the readers of this note, in case if they know nothing about it.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[38] viXra:1103.0105 [pdf] submitted on 25 Mar 2011

From Humanrise to Humanset

Authors: Mark Sverdlov
Comments: 18 pages.

Subjective, limited perception makes people unable to objective understanding reality. Nevertheless, it provides a basis for them to feel united nature and its interconnection, modeling not only the area left by them, but also going far beyond its limits. It is possible on basis of the model of the physical interconnections to understand biological and other processes including the social ones, as well as the development of humankind, starting from its beginning all the way to our time and near future. One can see the possibilities of the influence on this development in limited, but significant for human beings, areas.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[37] viXra:1103.0084 [pdf] submitted on 22 Mar 2011

Quanta Mathematica Instrumentalis!

Authors: Dainis Zeps
Comments: 12 pages.

Quanta mathematica instrumentalis, from Latin, might mean How much mathematics for physical applications. But we try to give this expression another meaning. We discuss how mathematics and its instrumental nature could serve as paradigm for other human activities and science in general. We introduce notions of higher observer and field of information. We discuss question why we are to study and develop mathematics more diligently than we do in natural way.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[36] viXra:1010.0059 [pdf] submitted on 28 Oct 2010

Hertz's Ideas on Mechanics

Authors: Henri Poincaré, Nicolae Mazilu
Comments: 15 pages, translated to English

Rarely, if ever, was the human spirit under a closer critical scrutiny than in the following masterpiece of the great scientist of the 19th and 20th centuries, Henri Poincaré. The work itself is seldom cited. Yet, the reader can find in it all the objections that can be raised against the main scientific inventions of the human spirit. They are still valid today, exactly as they were more than a century ago, or three centuries ago, for that matter. It is, first and foremost, advisable to pay close attention to the definition of central forces as given by Poincaré. Like all of the classics of science, he understood them with a string attached: their magnitude should depend only on the distance between points. Einstein himself used the definition of central forces in that connotation when he judged the whole system of the classical mechanics and introduced the general relativity. However, the very first definition of the central forces, as it appears in Newton's Principia, doesn't ask anything of the kind. What can we say, but repeat with Nietzsche: the first reaction is usually the right one! It is also advisable to pay attention to the critique of the concept of energy: it stands even today as it was then, in this work of Poincaré. Yet, in spite of the overwhelming cases against energy, the theoretical physics doesn't seem to stop speculating upon the kinds of energy that might exist in the world. Finally, it is worth paying attention to the criticism of the way in which Hertz assigns matter through a hypothesis: it seems like the hypothesis of missing mass of today. It is our conviction that this masterpiece is not quite known to the English speaking readers. This is why we undertook here the burden of its translation. We hope to give it another chance, in order to have, at least nowadays, more than a century from its first publication, the impact it deserves on the human spirit.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[35] viXra:1010.0051 [pdf] submitted on 20 Mar 2010

Biography of Scientist, Writer, and Artist Florentin Smarandache at 55

Authors: Mihàly Bencze
Comments: 5 pages

Dr. Florentin Smarandache is a polymath: as author, co-author, translator, co-translator, editor, or co-editor of 143 books and 183 scientific papers and notes. On December 10th, 2009, he was 55 years old.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[34] viXra:1008.0066 [pdf] submitted on 24 Aug 2010

Neutrino Oscillations: The Indefinite Mass Defined

Authors: John Michael Williams
Comments: 10 pages

This paper outlines the usual neutrino oscillation theory and points out the analogy between Lyman energy eigenstates and neutrino mass eigenstates. It then suggests several alternative interpretations of the neutrino oscillation theory in regard to determination of the rest mass of the neutrino.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[33] viXra:1008.0018 [pdf] submitted on 9 Aug 2010

Time Travel: Some Science of Fiction

Authors: John Michael Williams
Comments: 11 pages.

The fiction of time-travel usually makes it paradoxical and therefore impossible beyond physics. A few physical postulates, however, can make time-travel merely impossible physically.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[32] viXra:1008.0011 [pdf] submitted on 5 Aug 2010

Reflections on an Asymmetry on the Occasion of Arnold's Passing Away ...

Authors: Elemér E Rosinger
Comments: 4 pages.

Keeping silent by authorities in science about breakthroughs made by less well known scientists creates a massively asymmetric situation which is to the detriment of science.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[31] viXra:1005.0100 [pdf] submitted on 28 May 2010

Mathematics is Physics

Authors: Dainis Zeps
Comments: 16 pages

In series of articles we continue to advance idea that mathematics and physics is the same. We bring forward two basic assumptions as principles. First is the primacy of life as opposed to dominating reductionism, and second - immaturity of epistemology. Second principle says that we have reached stage of epistemology where we have stepped outside simple perceptibility only on level of individuality (since Aristotle) but not on level of collective mind. The last stage have reached only most of religious teachings but not physical science that is still under oppressive influence of reductionism. This causes that what we call research in physical science turns out to be simply instrumental improvement of perception within visional confinement we call field of information. We discuss and try to apply principle that within field of information we can't invent or discover anything that doesn't existing.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[30] viXra:1005.0050 [pdf] submitted on 14 May 2010

Theory Cannot Choose from Its Several Possible Interpretations

Authors: Ron Bourgoin
Comments: 3 pages

A theory can be interpreted several different ways. Which interpretation is "the correct interpretation" is well nigh impossible to determine. For that reason, we select the one that best fits our concept of what reality is. That means we choose on the basis of metaphysics.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[29] viXra:1005.0034 [pdf] submitted on 11 May 2010

Our Artificial Reality Created by Theory

Authors: Ron Bourgoin
Comments: 2 pages

Theory is a template, a schematic of what we think reality is. We see reality according to the template. What does not conform to the template is excised. For that reason, much that occurs in the world is not seen. That is how we miss the great discoveries going on right under our noses.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[28] viXra:1005.0014 [pdf] submitted on 4 May 2010

Tuning and What it Means to Physics

Authors: Ron Bourgoin
Comments: 3 pages

In the 60s, the word was relevance; now it's tuning. For physics, it means striking a resonance between the world of making a profit and the preparation of physicists. The international effort is designed to solicit the input of industry in restructuring the physics curriculum. This spells trouble for physics departments.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[27] viXra:1005.0013 [pdf] submitted on 4 May 2010

The End of Science

Authors: Vladislav Konovalov
Comments: 4 pages.

The numerous errors, stored fundamental physics, have stopped its development
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[26] viXra:1003.0253 [pdf] submitted on 26 Mar 2010

On to What Effect LHC Experiment Should Arrive

Authors: Dainis Zeps
Comments: 12 pages

We consider idea of hierarchical multitime notion and of the cone of creation. Following this idea, the time used in traditional sense is only a single projection of time in the multitime. Multitime must have inner dimension upwards turning it into hierarchical structure which acts as what we call global cone of creation. On our time projection, evolution of species and BB, both global and local, in SM are examples of local cones of creation. Higgs field as symmetry breaking accounts for complementary worlds on other projections of time in multitime. We argue that time is form of referencing within matter and doesn't have any sense without matter. These are the hypothetical assumptions which may be tested, when LHC experiment shall go on.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[25] viXra:1003.0215 [pdf] submitted on 5 Mar 2010

The Aesthetics of Paradoxism

Authors: Titu Popescu
Comments: 169 pages, in Romainian

In the history of thought and creation, the decisive events, the great and significant moments, the strongly affirmative stages - then the imposition of the optimizing novelties - have depended on the name and prestige of a personality. Referring to those, we personalize further on. The examples are extremely numerous, even in our nearest past. When we mention a creation - in the largest sense of the term - with the name of the personality who illustrates it most extensively at a given time, we state precisely the specific importance of it; we give it, with other words, the identity to which we can refer continuously with full knowledge and without causing any confusion among the receivers. The facts are called with the name of the man who produced them, and in this way we can compose a parallel onomastic dictionary, in which the work is included in the person's space, keeping its content. The consecrated proper names evolve through quickly imposed habits, a large range of increments that announce the essential outline of their peak production. No space for ambiguity remains when we address to readers or listeners who are somewhat acquainted with the subject and we use such terms as Aristotelianism, Platonism, Kantianism, Hegelianism, Proustianism, Eminescianism, Barbianism, etc. We have even the advantage of a centered communication when we suggest with a sole notion the work as well as its dominant features, linked with the renown of the concerned author.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[24] viXra:1003.0052 [pdf] submitted on 6 Mar 2010

International Injustice in Science

Authors: Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 2 pages

In the scientific research, it is important to keep our freedom of thinking and not being yoked by others' theories without checking them, no matter where they come from. Cogito, ergo sum (I think, therefore I am), said Descartes (1596-1650), and this Latin aphorism became his first principle in philosophy.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[23] viXra:1003.0008 [pdf] submitted on 5 Mar 2010

Our Ability to Research Comes Before Understanding of What We Research

Authors: Dainis Zeps
Comments: 11 pages, submitted to JCER

Impact of quantum mechanics on physical science epistemology and science at all is considered. We consider methodolically idea that science doesn't research its assumed objects but the ability to research, thus making itself not distinguishable from the cognitive science in the most general sense. Next idea is that what we discover firstly are the methods and the technologies understanding about which may come (if at all) much much later after we have learned to use these technologies in our life up to incredible level. Instrumentality rather than objectivity should be researched in science. In this sense quantum mechanical impact on sciences should be assessed. Using this approach, quantum consciousness should be quested for.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[22] viXra:1002.0055 [pdf] submitted on 25 Feb 2010

The Metaphysics of Physics

Authors: Constantinos Ragazas
Comments: 3 pages

The current physical view of the Universe (the Metaphysics of Physics) is one that just does not make sense and is counter-intuitive to our Experience. It begins with the Quantization of Energy Hypothesis used by Planck to derive his blackbody radiation formula and by Einstein to explain the photoelectric effect, which later evolved into Quantum Mechanics. By examining these conceptual foundations of Modern Physics we are able to show that the same experimental facts that lead to Quantum Physics can be differently explained without using energy quanta, continuously and not discretely. We are able to derive Planck's Law without using quanta and explain the photoelectric effect without needing photons. We summarize in this paper results presented in a series of papers that show with mathematical reasoning and rigor how this is possible. The main purpose of this endeavor is to create a view of the Universe that 'makes sense', that agrees with our Experience and provides physical meaning to our Understanding of it.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[21] viXra:1002.0012 [pdf] submitted on 9 Feb 2010

The Interaction of Measurement

Authors: Constantinos Ragazas
Comments: 3 pages

What is measurement and what can it tell us about the quantity measured? Can we know a quantity by measuring it? We mathematically demonstrate that the answer is no! We show how a continuous quantity E(t) that grows exponentially can in our measurements of it be seen as discrete and growing linearly. And if we further consider the practical limitations that render measurements as 'approximations' only, then the quantity E(t) that we measure can be any integrable function yet our measurements of it will still depict it as discrete and linear. Furthermore, and most urprising, the 'interaction of measurement' will be described by Planck's Law, whether E(t) is exponential or just integrable. Thus, we cannot know what the hidden quantity E(t) is by the measurements of it.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[20] viXra:1001.0049 [pdf] submitted on 30 Jan 2010

Stocks and Planck's Law

Authors: Constantinos Ragazas
Comments: 4 amended pages. Original paper was presented at an ATINER conference in Athens, Greece, August 7, 2007.

In this note we recount how a simple stock comparison model lead to a derivation of Planck's Law in Quantum Physics. This derivation is classical in the sense that it uses only continuous processes and does not need the 'quantization of energy hypothesis'. Furthermore, the derivation shows that Planck's Law is an exact mathematical identity that describes the interaction of energy.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[19] viXra:0912.0028 [pdf] submitted on 10 Dec 2009

Spiritual and Scientific Principles of the "Tetrahedron Model"

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 12 pages.

The four principles of the "Tetrahedron Model" (conservation of energy, entropy, conservation of symmetry, causality) are as much "spiritual" principles of "divine law" as they are "scientific" principles of "natural law". This is another example of the convergence of physical scientific thought and metaphysical, spiritual, or religious thought, of the merging of rational and intuitive world views. The "Tetrahedron Model" represents a fundamental iteration of a 4x3 hierarchy of fractal models, developed in the format of General Systems, a synthetic science which excels at bridging apparently disparate disciplines and world views. I will consider each of the 4 principles in turn.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[18] viXra:0911.0053 [pdf] submitted on 19 Nov 2009

Further Research on the Quaoar Criterion

Authors: James Gunasekera
Comments: All databases and the source code are available. Abstract: Percentage of persons satisfying the criterion is higher than expected not only for Nobel Prize laureates, but also for winners of similar awards in similar categories: Ramon Magsaysay Award, Wolf Prize, Pulitzer Prize.

The main purpose of this study is to test the criterion and methods described in the article about Nobel Prize laureates[1] on other data. It was shown that the moments of birth of Nobel Prize laureates satisfy the so-called Quaoar criterion much more often than other moments. A random moment of time satisfies the criterion with probability around 0.245, but among the Nobel laureates 33.47% satisfy the criterion. Because there are 726 persons in five categories, this is a statistically significant deviation: 243 of them satisfy, while the mean value is 177.352, and the standard deviation is 11.535. Shape of the distribution is "bell curve". It was observed that deviation is higher if all laureates in Chemistry and Physics are excluded. +6.145 stdev if only 391 laureates in the remaining three categories are considered: Literature, Physiology/Medicine, Peace prize.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[17] viXra:0910.0062 [pdf] submitted on 29 Oct 2009

Anthropic Principle

Authors: Vladislav Konovalov
Comments: 2 pages

In the article is professed superstrong anthropic principle.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[16] viXra:0910.0017 [pdf] submitted on 12 Oct 2009

An Alternative to Mach's Principle.

Authors: John Hunter
Comments: 2 pages

Mach argued that since the acceleration of a body can only be measured relative to other bodies, then the inertia of masses is somehow due to the presence of distant matter in the universe. Here an alternative is put forward...that the acceleration (of one part of a body) can be measured relative to other parts. Inertia is thus considered to be due to the force needed to compress (or stretch) a body undergoing acceleration.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[15] viXra:0910.0003 [pdf] submitted on 2 Oct 2009

Nobel Prize Laureates and Inexplicable Statistical Variations

Authors: James Gunasekera
Comments: all databases and the source code are included

Some inexplicable statistical variations in Nobel Prize laureates natal data are reported and discussed, with additional data examined afterwards. If observed on other similar data, the effect can be considered as astrobiological or astroanthropological. The observed strong correlation with Quaoar position is probably caused by the fact that Quaoar's cycle correlates with a non-trivial solar, lunar or terrestrial cycle. It is well known that some astronomical conditions influence human health, but the possibility of influence on long-term physiological and/or psychological characteristics since birth is still under question.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[14] viXra:0909.0062 [pdf] submitted on 30 Sep 2009

The True Lost Symbol of our Conscious Cl(8)^8 Universe

Authors: Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr
Comments: 48 Pages.

Dan Brown in his 2009 book "The Lost Symbol" said "... The ancients possessed profound scientific wisdom. ... Mankind ... had once grasped the true nature of the universe ... but had let go ... and forgotten. ... Modern physics can help us remember! ... the world need [s] this understanding ... now more than ever. ...", but the rest of his book fails to provide convincing support for that statement, although it does provide a clue: "... The secret hides within the Order Eight Franklin Square ... of the numbers 1 through 64 ...". The purpose of this paper is to support that statement in enough detail to convince a diligent reader that following that clue can show that the statement is true. To follow the clue: begin with the "Order Eight" Clifford Algebra Cl(8) whose 2^8 = 256 dimensions represent the 256 elements of the Ancient African IFA Oracle and the 256 Elementary Cellular Automata, so that the True Lost Symbol is the 8- dimensional HyperCube with 256 vertices as shown on the cover of this paper; then multiply (by tensor product) 8 copies of Cl(8) to produce Cl(64) whose 2^64 dimensions represent the first 10^(-34) seconds of the Zizzi Inflation Phase of our Conscious Universe and an event of Penrose-Hameroff Human Conscious Thought; then analyze the details of the 256 Cellular Automata and the E8 Lattices containing 256-vertex 8- dimensional HyperCubes to construct a realistic unified theoretical model of the Standard Model plus Gravity; then analyze the Fractal Structure of the Ancient African IFA Oracle; then apply the Ancient African IFA Oracle (and its subset the I Ching) to describe History, including the Future History of Global Finance. Readers can find further examples and more details on my web site at www.valdostamuseum.com/hamsmith/.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[13] viXra:0909.0002 [pdf] submitted on 1 Sep 2009

Against the Tide :A Critical Review by Scientists of How Physics and Astronomy Get Done

Authors: Carlos Castro, Martín López-Corredoira, Juan Miguel Campanario, Brian Martin, Wolfgang Kundt, J. Marvin Herndon, Marian Apostol, Halton C. Arp, Tom Van Flandern, Andrei P. Kirilyuk, Dmitri Rabounski, Henry H. Bauer
Comments: 188 pages, published by Universal Publishers in 2008

Nobody should have a monopoly of the truth in this universe. The censorship and suppression of challenging ideas against the tide of mainstream research, the blacklisting of scientists, for instance, is neither the best way to do and filter science, nor to promote progress in the human knowledge. The removal of good and novel ideas from the scientific stage is very detrimental to the pursuit of the truth. There are instances in which a mere unqualified belief can occasionally be converted into a generally accepted scientific theory through the screening action of refereed literature and meetings planned by the scientific organizing committees and through the distribution of funds controlled by "club opinions". It leads to unitary paradigms and unitary thinking not necessarily associated to the unique truth. This is the topic of this book: to critically analyze the problems of the official (and sometimes illicit) mechanisms under which current science (physics and astronomy in particular) is being administered and filtered today, along with the onerous consequences these mechanisms have on all of us. Apart from the editors, Juan Miguel Campanario, Brian Martin, Wolfgang Kundt, J. Marvin Herndon, Marian Apostol, Halton C. Arp, Tom Van Flandern, Andrei P. Kirilyuk, Dmitri Rabounski and Henry H. Bauer, all of them professional researchers, reveal a pessimistic view of the miseries of the actual system, while a glimmer of hope remains in the "leitmotiv" claim towards the freedom in doing research and attaining an acceptable level of ethics in science.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[12] viXra:0908.0074 [pdf] submitted on 20 Aug 2009

Ockham's Razor and its Improper Use

Authors: Dieter Gernert
Comments: 6 pages. Journal reference: Cognitive Systems, vol.7, nr. 2, 133-138 (2009)

"Ockham's razor" is a methodical principle, due to the medieval philosopher William of Ockham, who mainly opposed an unjustified creation of new terms in philosophy. Since this principle and its later versions are frequently quoted in discussions about anomalies, it will be studied here in some detail. After a short look on the historical roots, the principal modern formulations are summarized. It will be shown that a demand for "simplicity" cannot be generally maintained. Rather, striving for simplicity can conflict with other essentials of scientific method. Ockham's principle - no matter whether in its original or in a modified version - cannot be helpful in a rational decision between competing explanations for the same empirical facts. An incorrect use of Ockham's razor only leads to a perpetuation and corroboration of existing prejudice, and this principle should not be used to easily get rid of unwelcome data or concepts.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[11] viXra:0908.0030 [pdf] submitted on 5 Aug 2009

Some Thoughts on Big Science

Authors: J W Cahill
Comments: 2 pages

Original insights for the most part emanate from the minds of single individuals. Consequently, institutions, no matter how well funded, cannot expect to enjoy a monopoly on creativity. Hwever, the individual without institutional affiliation is most likely to be ignored. The situation is counterproductive to scientific progress and the world economy. This article recounts one person's experience and offers a potential solution.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[10] viXra:0907.0047 [pdf] submitted on 31 Jul 2009

Einstein and Mythology : The Lengthier the Relations in a Myth the Greater Its' Mass

Authors: Marvin E. Kirsh
Comments: 12 pages, This manuscript is currently in peer review

The theory of relativity (1) is considered form a perspective of folklore. Abstracted entities in the theory of relativity are stripped of units in order to provide explanation, to expose an ordinary meaning that employs a fulcrum for visual description. It is suggested that components of the theory's construction are not only unusually compatible with the religious and spiritual but are also unaccounted for scientifically; they may not render the expected power struggle of church doctrine with scientific notions but an opposite situation in which logical contradiction at the root level of physical meaning and symbolism is absent and might exist only with respect to active perceptual structuring, either functioning on the unknown or belief. This situation, is projected to exist in a volatile mythological form as a 'fulcrum' like bridge between points of dispersion in which the (invisible) entity of mass assumes an added social (or physical) weight imposed by the assumption of the existence of massless space; especially, should its' logically non excludable converse situation, of exclusively "mass and gravitational force containing space" for all phenomenon, find future explanation and validity.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[9] viXra:0907.0040 [pdf] submitted on 26 Jul 2009

From Ancient Africa

Authors: Frank Dodd (Tony) Smith Jr.
Comments: 93 pages.

Ancient African Oracle Patterns were spread through many cultures (Judaic, Vedic, Shinto, I Ching, Ilm al Raml, Llullian Wheels, Tarot, and Computer Cellular Automata). Their 256 basic elements lead to the real Clifford algebra Cl(8) and thus to Cl(16) = Cl(8) x Cl(8) and to the Lie algebra E8 and a realistic E8 physics model. The article describes: History up to Tarot (pages 1-5); Earlier Heaven IFA Sequence (pages 6-8); Cl(8) Graded Structure (pages 9-13); Cellular Automata Dynamics (pages 13-32); African Oracle Structures (pages 32-39); 88 Equivalence Classes (pages 39-79); 256 Elementary Rule Patterns and Physics (pages 79-89); and Past and Future History (pages 90-93).
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[8] viXra:0907.0020 [pdf] submitted on 19 Jul 2009

How to Reject any Scientific Manuscript

Authors: Dieter Gernert
Comments: 10 pages, Journal reference - Journal of Scientific Exploration, Vol. 22, No. 2, pp.233 243, 2008

After a short overview of arguments pro and contra peer reviews, examples of gross misjudgement are compiled, followed by an attempt to identify some frequent, recurrent patterns of unjustified rejection of scientific manuscripts. A few specific questions are studied in more detail: the claim for still more precise and comprehensive definitions, the right way of handling "parallel theories", and the frequent misuse of the term "pseudoscience". Finally, practical rules to improve refereeing, and "basic rights of authors" are proposed, together with a word of encouragement for future authors.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[7] viXra:0904.0005 [pdf] submitted on 11 Apr 2009

Neutrosophic Logic, Wave Mechanics, and Other Stories

Authors: Florentin Smarandache, V. Christianto
Comments: recovered from sciprint.org

There is beginning for anything; we used to hear that phrase. The same wisdom word applies to us too. What began in 2005 as a short email on some ideas related to interpretation of the Wave Mechanics results in a number of papers and books up to now. Some of these papers can be found in Progress in Physics or elsewhere.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[6] viXra:0904.0004 [pdf] submitted on 11 Apr 2009

Social Archive and the Role of New Media in Scientific Dissemination: a Viewpoint

Authors: V. Christianto, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: recovered from sciprint.org

Science is of course very far from the art, nonetheless there are some aspects of science which can be compared to art. For instance, there is elitic art who prefers that art is for art only. On the other side, there is pop art, which relates smoothly to industrialisation. And there is also avant garde art, which asserts that all things can be thought of as art (like mirror, glasses, broken windows etc). Similarly, in science some researchers believe that it is the best way to keep the 'ordinary people' outside of the traditional scientific communication (for example, arxiv.org declares that it is an exclusive scientific channel for scientists only), while on the other side people sometimes also wants to know what happens behind the wall of scientific labs, and so on.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[5] viXra:0807.0009 [pdf] submitted on 13 Jul 2008

On Causality, Impossibility, and "The Scientific Method"

Authors: Roger Ellman
Comments: recovered from sciprint.org

The ancient philosophers attempted to address science issues by reasoning conducted largely without experimentation. Scientists from Galileo onward developed "The Scientific Method", the procedure of: observations - hypothesis - experiments iterated with adjustments each iteration until a satisfactory result obtained. They also criticized the ancient philosophers for the defect of their neglect of experimentation, and rightly so. But "The Scientific Method" of modern science has its own defect, one just as severe and damaging as that of the ancients: modern science too often neglects mechanism or causation. It accepts explanations and hypotheses on the basis of experiments and predictions without treating the problem of how and why the experimental or predicted behavior occurs. Non-attending to mechanism and causation sometimes leads to seriously proposing a hypothesis that is actually physically impossible.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[4] viXra:0804.0002 [pdf] submitted on 4 Apr 2008

Injustice in Science, Arts, and Letters

Authors: Florentin Smarandache
Comments: recovered from sciprint.org

In the scientific research, it is important to keep our freedom of thinking and not being yoked by others' theories without checking them, no matter where they come from. Cogito, ergo sum [I think, therefore I am], said Descartes (1596-1650), and this Latin aphorism became his first principle in philosophy.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[3] viXra:0703.0016 [pdf] submitted on 10 Mar 2007

To Deliver Free Preprint Service for Physical Sciences. a Proposal for Further Development & Introduction to Www.sciprint.org

Authors: C. Castro, F. Smarandache
Comments: recovered from sciprint.org

This proposal is intended to develop@@ a free digital preprint service for physical sciences to enable scientists/physicists publishing their preprint articles prior to submitting for formal publication in scientific journals, or perhaps they only want to see if their idea(s) received proper response prior to submitting it to journal editors.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[2] viXra:0702.0046 [pdf] submitted on 25 Feb 2007

The Einstein - Lorentz Dispute Revisited

Authors: Roger Ellman
Comments: recovered from sciprint.org

Lorentz [of the Lorentz transforms and Lorentz contractions fame] contended against Einstein that there had to be a medium in which electro-magnetic waves exist and propagate, which medium would of necessity be an absolute frame of reference for the universe. Einstein won the dispute, but not by solid reasoning. Now solid reasoning and new data not available to Einstein and Lorentz show that Lorentz was correct and that Einstein's Theory of Relativity should correctly be termed Einstein's Principle of Invariance.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[1] viXra:0702.0042 [pdf] submitted on 25 Feb 2007

On Causality and Impossibility

Authors: Roger Ellman
Comments: recovered from sciprint.org

Much of contemporary science treats description and quantification of what happens but fails to treat the causality of the events - how, why, through what mechanism they happen. For example, gas pressure is causally explained by the kinetic theory of gases but the cause of gravitation is not investigated nor presented; only the description and quantification of gravitation is addressed. But, without understanding of the causality of physical processes it cannot be said that they are well understood. Understanding of causality cannot be addressed solely by mathematical analysis and manipulations. It requires insight into the actual physical processes. Related is the issue of impossibility. Sometimes clearly impossible hypotheses or interpretations of observations are seriously proffered. Some examples are contended instantaneous action at a distance involving "entangled" particles' quantum states and contended universe accelerating expansion, which raises problems of conservation of energy and thermodynamic principles of increasing entropy let alone that of anti-gravity. Addressing issues solely by mathematical analysis and manipulations facilitates neglecting the practical possibility or impossibility of the interpretation. These issues apply to the Einstein-Hubble concept of space, the Einstein general relativity treatment of gravitation, quantum mechanics in general, and general uncertainty as compared to the original per Heisenberg.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

Replacements of recent Submissions

[26] viXra:1405.0244 [pdf] replaced on 2014-05-19 15:02:30

In Search of Reality

Authors: Robert T Longo
Comments: 20 Pages.

In this paper, I will discuss the underlying philosophy of physics. A new definition of observer is presented, then the meaning of two words, i.e., existence and reality, will be examined. With the changes made for these three items, a new philosophy emerges that allows an examination of the concepts of cause and effect, time, space, and the role of mathematics in physics. The new philosophy suggests a structure of the universe that indicates both an understanding of the double-slit experiment and a new approach to the quantization and root cause of gravitation.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[25] viXra:1405.0240 [pdf] replaced on 2014-05-14 09:45:24

Gravity the Inertia of the World

Authors: Fursa E.Ja.
Comments: 22 Pages.

Mass as a characteristic of such qualities of the body as the gravity and inertia is not an intrinsic property of the body itself. Mass as a physical quantity determines and serves as measure of such properties as a inertial force (and gravity), arising in the bodies in response to the acceleration of their movements, essentially it is a reaction of bogies on the external influence, characterizing the degree of the physical connectedness of the our World, at different levels of its organization. Mass is the induced property which arises in response to acceleration of the body and retained in the body owing to acceleration and is changed with acceleration. The nature of this phenomenon, i.e. the gravitational and inertial masses, is one and indivisible is concluded to in the general (universal) connectedness of our world as a single global process of Creation and the reason is the acceleration of bodies in a system of bodies associated with the accelerated motion (divergence) of galaxies. The whole world has inertia with respect to the motion of time. World time is absolute inertial frame throughout our universe. Life and evolution are required to the acceleration in the inertial frame of reference (IFR) associated with world time. The phenomenon of "life" is a continuous struggle for time. In order to live, we should uninterruptedly to borrow time in loan from the Universe. We are changing energy in exchange for a time, and we are alive until we are spending the energy.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[24] viXra:1404.0048 [pdf] replaced on 2014-04-07 11:45:11

Correcting Five Historic Faults in Modern Cosmology

Authors: F.M. Sanchez
Comments: 2 Pages.

The modern cosmology fundators have commited five dramatic deviations from scientific traditionnal methods, leading to a general crash of the current reductionist scientific system. The corrections of theses deviations lead to a Coherence Principle, ruling a simple galilean one-parameter cosmology rehabilitating Eddington's Fundamental Theory without primordial Big Bang, and abandon of reductionism. This unifies scientific domains, and introduces an Inverted Anthropic Principle.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[23] viXra:1403.0178 [pdf] replaced on 2014-05-16 14:30:57

Cosmos 2014 Bruno Llull E8 Physics

Authors: Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr
Comments: 17 Pages.

Cosmos (2014) with Neil deGrasse Tyson discusses Giordano Bruno's MultiVerse. David Deutch defines the MultiVerse in terms of SnapShots that are equivalent to Cl(16) E8 Local Lagrangian Regions that can be combined by completing the union of all tensor products of all copies of Cl(16) for such E8 Local Lagrangian SnapShot Regions to produce a generalization of the Hyperfinite II1 von Neumann factor that is a realistic Algebraic Quantum Field Theory for E8 Physics. Ramon Llull's 13th Century Quaternary Phase Art gives a remarkably detailed picture of the Structure of E8 Physics. In the 16th Century Giordano Bruno had access only to Llull's Ternary Art which was far less detailed than the earlier Quaternary Art, but even so was able to see that Llull's Art was, as Anthony Bonner said, "… a way to explore the connections among his infinity of worlds …", a way that can now in the 21st Century be seen to be consistent with the realistic E8 Physics model. V2 adds Vico, Joyce and Finnegans Wake
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[22] viXra:1401.0071 [pdf] replaced on 2014-01-21 05:28:17

Democratic Free Will in the Instant Entangled Multiverse.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 19 Pages. 19

Benjamin Libet measured the so called electric Readiness Potential (RP) time to perform a volitional act, in the brains of his students and the time of conscious awareness (TCA) of that act, which appeared to come 500 m.sec behind the RP. The “volitional act” was in principle based on the free choice to press an electric bell button. The results of this experiment gives still an ongoing debate in the broad layers of the scientific community, because the results are still (also in recent experiments) in firm contrast with the expected idea of Free Will and causality. However in this essay I propose the absurd but constructive possibility that we are not alone for decision making in a multiverse as an individual person, but we seem to be entangled resulting in the possibility to initiate but also Veto an act which is even a base for Considering, Revolve, Meditate, or Ponder. Even Max Tegmark suggested already about the multiverse: “Is there a copy of you reading this article?” We could be instant entangled with at least one instant entangled anti-copy person living inside a Charge and Parity symmetric copy Universe. In that case we could construct a causal explanation for Libet’s strange results. New statistical difference research on RPI and RPII of repeated Libet experiments described here could support these ideas. Wikipedia says: “Democracy is a form of government in which all eligible citizens participate equally”. Free will in a multiverse seems to be based on: all entangled copy persons living in all CP symmetric copy universes, have the same possibility to Veto an act and participate equally.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[21] viXra:1311.0008 [pdf] replaced on 2013-11-11 12:48:33

Bit, Cycle, Dimensionless, it (First Published in the 2013 Fqxi Contest, Version No.2 Extended)

Authors: Branko Zivlak
Comments: 13 Pages. 6 formulas, 3 tables

Abstract. In this article I am using mathematical constants ("2", "e" and "2π"), physical constants (ά - inverse of the fine-structure constant and μ – the proton/electron mass ratio), postulates and methods, to obtain relations among other physical constants. It is crucial to accept the important role of cyclicity in the Universe. The cyclicity and the bit lead to reality, which is presented by the relations between physical constants. Specifically, I am providing my original relation between the masses of proton, neutron and electron.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[20] viXra:1305.0093 [pdf] replaced on 2013-06-04 22:52:36

The Cloud of Unknowing & The Itsy Qubitsy Universe

Authors: Vladimir F. Tamari
Comments: 10 Pages.

It is impossible to give an assured answer to questions concerning the relationship between Information (for example in the form of BITs) and the physical Universe at the fundamental level (IT). Information is an artifact of human thought imposed on Nature to describe some of its aspects. Nor can experimentation resolve such questions: An observer using an imaging instrument such as a telescope or microscope sees only the final image. There is a Cloud of Unknowing obscuring the true nature of Reality because signals carrying information about physical processes at fundamental scales get distorted, dissipated and subjected to noise in the channel or medium they pass through until they are finally observed at macroscopic scales. A similar Cloud obscures Reality when these experimental results are subjected to fallible logical and mathematical analysis. There is a necessity to examine our philosophy of knowing. By their very nature our best theories are merely our best guesses, and there is no guarantee that better theories may not be discovered contradicting present assumptions and/or presenting new ones.Nevertheless speculation and model-making is allowed. In analog computing devices such as the abacus, a bead is both a thing and a number. Reality may be like that at fundamental scales where its physical and informational content can be regarded as one and the same thing. Rather than BITs being the units of such information however, it is more likely that some sort of physical Bloch-Sphere-like QUBITs making up an ether are the building blocks of radiation and matter, and carriers of zero point energy making up the vacuum. In the theory of everything IT=QUBIT may be the paradigm of choice.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[19] viXra:1305.0060 [pdf] replaced on 2013-06-18 17:25:13

Vedic Meru and Nile Pyramid: African IFA to RigVeda-Pachisi to Tarot to Llull to Cartan-Dirac-Riesz-E8Physics

Authors: Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr
Comments: 49 Pages.

Ancient Africa developed IFA divination with 256 Odu analagous to the Real Clifford Algebra Cl(8) and 16 Orishas analagous to the 8+8 Spinors of Cl(8) but in Africa IFA was transmitted by oral tradition and not written down. Humans emerging from Africa via the Arabian Sea settled in nearby India where ideas of IFA were written in the Sanskrit Rig Veda and encoded in Pachisi. By about 500 B.C. Pachisi evolved into Tarot. By about 1300 A.D. Tarot and some ideas of IFA were known in Mallorca where Ramon Llull used them to develop structures of the D4 and D8 Lie Algebras that lived in the IFA Clifford Algebra Cl(8) and its tensor square Cl(8)xCl(8) = Cl(16). Although Llull's work was preserved in writing in Mallorca, his ideas were rejected by the Intellectual Establishment of Paris and remained dormant for centuries. Around 1890 Killing and Cartan rediscovered Llull's Lie Algebras. Only in the 1900s did the work of Cartan as further developed mathematicaly by Jovet, Sauter, and Riesz and as applied by Dirac to physics show how a D8 half-Spinor could be added to D8 itself to get E8 Physics and to see how E8 Physics lives inside IFA Cl(8). It has taken until now (the 2000s) for the formal Written Human Culture to catch up with the informal Oral Ancient African Culture in understanding a realistic Unified Theory of the Laws of Nature. Table of Contents: Introduction ... page 4 African IFA to RigVeda-Pachisi ... page 5 Great Pyramid ... page 13 RigVeda-Pachisi to Tarot ... page 23 Tarot to Llull ... page 27 Llull to Cartan-Dirac-Riesz-E8Physics ... page 37 Appendix1 - E6 to D4 ... page 38 Appendix2 - Some Details of E8 encoding in IFA ... page 42 Appendix3 - Comparison of Arabian Sea Africa-India connection with Nile River Africa-Egypt connection ... page 46 Appendix4 - Poster ... page 48 V2 adds illustrated cover page V3 adds Vedic Meru and Great Nile Pyramid
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[18] viXra:1305.0060 [pdf] replaced on 2013-05-14 06:19:48

African IFA to RigVeda-Pachisi to Tarot to Llull to Cartan-Dirac-Riesz-E8Physics

Authors: Frank Dodd (Tony) Smith Jr.
Comments: 35 Pages.

Ancient Africa developed IFA divination with 256 Odu analagous to the Real Clifford Algebra Cl(8) and 16 Orishas analagous to the 8+8 Spinors of Cl(8) but in Africa IFA was transmitted by oral tradition and not written down. Humans emerging from Africa via the Arabian Sea settled in nearby India where ideas of IFA were written in the Sanskrit Rig Veda and encoded in Pachisi. By about 500 B.C. Pachisi evolved into Tarot. By about 1300 A.D. Tarot and some ideas of IFA were known in Mallorca where Ramon Llull used them to develop structures of the D4 and D8 Lie Algebras that lived in the IFA Clifford Algebra Cl(8) and its tensor square Cl(8)xCl(8) = Cl(16). Although Llull's work was preserved in writing in Mallorca, his ideas were rejected by the Intellectual Establishment of Paris and remained dormant for centuries. Around 1890 Killing and Cartan rediscovered Llull's Lie Algebras. Only in the 1900s did the work of Cartan as further developed mathematicaly by Jovet, Sauter, and Riesz and as applied by Dirac to physics show how a D8 half-Spinor could be added to D8 itself to get E8 Physics and to see how E8 Physics lives inside IFA Cl(8). It has taken until now (the 2000s) for the formal Written Human Culture to catch up with the informal Oral Ancient African Culture in understanding a realistic Unified Theory of the Laws of Nature. Table of Contents: Introduction ... page 2 African IFA to RigVeda-Pachisi ... page 3 RigVeda-Pachisi to Tarot ... page 7 Tarot to Llull ... page 11 Llull to Cartan-Dirac-Riesz-E8Physics ... page 21 Appendix1 - E6 to D4 ... page 22 Appendix2 - Some Details of E8 encoding in IFA ... page 26 Appendix3 - Comparison of Arabian Sea Africa-India connection with Nile River Africa-Egypt connection ... page 30 Appendix4 - Poster ... page 32 V2 adds illustrated cover page
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[17] viXra:1301.0115 [pdf] replaced on 2013-02-24 16:11:42

Neglect of Metaphysics

Authors: Michael J. Burns
Comments: 2 pages, mburns92003@yahoo.com

“Not even false” is a saying that is part of the lore of academic physics. Metaphysics is said to be meaningless. But there are compelling arguments, that originate from the work of the rationalist philosopher Spinoza, and from the work of Godel, Church and Turing in the foundations of computer science, which relate physics to metaphysics. The principle of possibility from Spinoza and the understanding of metamathematics by computer scientists do apply to physics.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[16] viXra:1301.0115 [pdf] replaced on 2013-01-30 22:50:41

Neglect of Metaphysics

Authors: Michael J. Burns
Comments: 2 Pages.

“Not even false” is a saying that is part of the lore of academic physics. Metaphysics is said to be meaningless. But there are compelling arguments, that originate from the work of the rationalist philosopher Spinoza, and from the work of Godel, Church and Turing in the foundations of computer science, which relate physics to metaphysics. The principle of possibility from Spinoza and the understanding of metamathematics by computer scientists do apply to physics.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[15] viXra:1301.0074 [pdf] replaced on 2013-06-14 03:11:05

Time: an Emergent Property of Matter

Authors: Dirk J. Pons, Arion D. Pons, Aiden J. Pons
Comments: Pages. Published as: Pons, D.J., A. Pons, D., and A. Pons, J. (2013) Time: An emergent property of matter. Applied Physics Research 5, 23-47 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/apr.v5n6p23

A non-local hidden-variable (NLHV) design called the Cordus conjecture is applied to address the ontological question: What is time? This NLHV theory, which has been successfully applied to other phenomena, includes a specific design for the internal structure of particules and their externalised discrete fields. In this specific area it provides a novel multi-level concept for time, and proposes candidate solutions to the problem of what time is and how its arrow arises. According to this theory, time at the fundamental level consists of the frequency oscillations of matter particules, and thus time is locally generated and a property of matter. At the next level up, that of the assembly of matter particles via bonds and fields, the interconnectedness creates a patchwork of temporal cause-and-effect, and hence a coarser time. A phenomenon that occurs in one volume is communicated via photons, or massy particules, or fields, to other matter around it. Thus time is also universal and relative. According to this Cordus theory, entropy, classical mechanics, and our perception of time all arise at the boundary between coherence and decoherence, and the theory explains how. The arrow is applied to time where irreversibility arises, i.e. at the assembly level rather than the fundamental level. Time at the macroscopic level is therefore a series of delayed irreversible interactions (temporal ratchets) between sub-microscopic domains of matter, not a dimension that can be traversed in both directions. The theory extends to time at the level of organic life. It explains how the human-perception of time arises at the cognitive level, and why we perceive time as universal. This theory suggests that time is all of particle-based vs. spacetime, relative vs. absolute, local vs. universal, depending on the level of assembly being considered. However it is also none of those things individually. This paper shows that questions about time can be answered at the next deeper level of physics, and gives an example of what that physics might look like and its implications for time.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[14] viXra:1208.0032 [pdf] replaced on 2013-03-09 05:59:01

House of Cards Built One Meter at a Time

Authors: Frank H. Makinson
Comments: 6 Pages.

A physical law assumption is based upon a knowledge set extracted using observation and measurement techniques available at the time the assumption was made. An assumption can stifle scientific inquiry if it is allowed to become a protected paradigm, and thus, unchallengeable. Units of measure are a core element of physical law inquiry and an erroneous assumption used in selecting the base units can hinder the inquiry process significantly.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[13] viXra:1207.0019 [pdf] replaced on 2013-04-01 17:31:42

On Communicating the Value of Basic Physics Research to the Public

Authors: Armin Nikkhah Shirazi
Comments: 8 Pages.

The Argument that basic scientific research is of value is a strong one, but may not be always communicated very well to the public. As a result, even though the public overwhelmingly supports science, it may not always support important basic physics research projects. This can have definite consequences on policy decisions, as happened when the superconducting supercollider was shut down after pouring 2 billion dollars into it. This article makes six recommendations, directed primarily at physicists, but also more generally applicable to all scientists, to help communicate the value of basic physics research to the public more effectively. Doing this is especially important now, as basic research budgets are facing ever increasing threats of budget cuts.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[12] viXra:1207.0019 [pdf] replaced on 2012-07-06 02:20:50

On Communicating the Value of Basic Physics Research to the Public

Authors: Armin Nikkhah Shirazi
Comments: 8 Pages. Originally submitted 4/17/12 to arxiv under "physics and society". Rejected because "The moderators determined that your submission was in need of significant review and revision before it would be considered publishable by a conventional journal."

The Argument that basic scientific research is of value is a strong one, but may not be always communicated very well to the public. As a result, even though the public overwhelmingly supports science, it may not always support important basic physics research projects. This can have defifinite consequences on policy decisions, as happened when the superconducting supercollider was shut down after pouring 2 billion dollars into it. This article makes six recommendations, directed primarily at physicists, but also more generally applicable to all scientists, to help communicate the value of basic physics research to the public more ffeffectively. Doing this is especially important now, as we fifind ourselves at a juncture at which the United States appears to be on the verge of abdicating its leadership role in many areas of science and technology.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[11] viXra:1206.0056 [pdf] replaced on 2013-12-06 04:01:44

Logic of 'Push Gravity'

Authors: Nainan K. Varghese
Comments: 8 Pages. Originally published in 'General Science Journal'

An all-encompassing universal medium, made of ‘real’ matter particles, fills entire space outside ‘basic 3D matter-particles’. It is homogeneous, isotropic and self-stabilizing multiple-entity. Because of its inherent compression, it squeezes all ‘basic 3D matter-particles’ by direct contact. This all-around push action on basic 3D matter-particles by universal medium is ‘gravitation’. Strength of gravitation is proportional to the extent of universal medium, away from the point of action. Extent of universal medium on outer-sides of two basic 3D matter-particles is always more (with correspondingly higher gravitation) than extent of universal medium in between them (with correspondingly lower gravitation). Greater pushes from outer-sides and lower pushes from in between, compel basic 3D matter-particles to move towards each other. Cause of this motion appears as ‘attraction’ between basic 3D matter-particles. This phenomenon is interpreted as ‘gravitational attraction’ between them. ‘Gravitational attraction’ is a minor by-product of separate gravitational push-actions on each of basic 3D matter-particles. Magnitude of gravitational attraction between two macro bodies is the resultant of gravitational attractions between their constituent basic 3D matter-particles. It is the differences in extents of universal medium on either side of constituent basic 3D matter-particles that produce gravitational attraction between two macro bodies, rather than shadow-effects on each other.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[10] viXra:1205.0105 [pdf] replaced on 2014-01-21 20:37:23

A New Explanation for the Moon Illusion

Authors: Yongfeng Yang
Comments: 16 Pages. This version adds an experiment to test the theory.

Over thousands of years many people were commonly perplexed by a phenomenon that the Moon appears larger at the horizon than in the zenith. Here it is proposed that this may be ascribed to an unusual optical atmospheric effect. The thick spherical atmosphere forms a natural convex lens that lies between an Earthly observer and the Moon. Convex lens, which inherently has the function to converge light rays, may act as a magnifying glass. For the Moon at the horizon and the Moon in the zenith, the former encounters a larger enlargement from the atmospheric lens than the latter does.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[9] viXra:1205.0105 [pdf] replaced on 2012-12-06 00:33:50

A New Explanation for the Moon Illusion

Authors: Yongfeng Yang
Comments: 13 Pages. 5 figures

The mystery of the Moon illusion is still unsolved, even though various explanations have been offered over thousands of years. Here it is proposed that the illusion may be ascribed to an unusual optical atmospheric effect. The considerably thick spherical atmosphere may form a natural convex lens to converge light rays, which leads to the situation that the light rays from the Moon are greatly compressed inward before they reach an Earthly observer, and thereby the size of the retinal (camera) image of the Moon is diminished. The difference of the optical path in the atmosphere results in the effect that the image size of the horizontal Moon is diminished much more than that of the zenithal Moon, but inversely, the geometry of optics yields a larger enlargement for the horizontal Moon than for the zenithal Moon when they are observed back into the sky.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[8] viXra:1205.0105 [pdf] replaced on 2012-07-04 22:00:25

What Makes the Moon Illusion ?

Authors: Yongfeng Yang
Comments: 14 Pages. 4 figures and 1 table. This version quantifies the illusion and finds out the incompleteness of astronomical refraction theory. The title of the paper is therefore adjusted

The mystery of the Moon illusion keeps pending, even though various explanations have been experienced over thousands of years. Here I propose that the illusion may ascribe to the Earth’s atmospheric unusual optical effect. The considerably thick spherical atmosphere may form a natural convex lens to converge light ray, which leads to that the light rays from the Moon are greatly compressed inward before they reach an earthly observer, and thereby the size of retinal (camera) image of the Moon is diminished. The difference of optical path in atmosphere results in that the image size of the horizontal Moon is diminished much more than that of the zenithal Moon, but reversely, the geometry of optics yields a larger enlargement for the horizontal Moon than that for the zenithal Moon when they are looked back into the sky.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[7] viXra:1205.0105 [pdf] replaced on 2012-07-03 06:03:11

What Makes the Moon Illusion ?

Authors: Yongfeng Yang
Comments: 11 Pages. This version quantifies the illusion and finds out the incompleteness of astronomical refraction theory. The title of the paper is therefore adjusted.

The mystery of the Moon illusion keeps pending, even though various explanations have been experienced over thousands of years. Here I propose that the illusion may ascribe to the Earth’s atmospheric unusual optical effect. The considerably thick spherical atmosphere may form a natural convex lens to converge light ray, which leads to that the light rays from the Moon are greatly compressed inward before they reach an earthly observer, and thereby the size of retinal (camera) image of the Moon is diminished. The difference of optical path in atmosphere results in that the image size of the horizontal Moon is diminished much more than that of the zenithal Moon, but reversely, the geometry of optics yields a larger enlargement for the horizontal Moon than that for the zenithal Moon when they are looked back into the sky.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[6] viXra:1205.0105 [pdf] replaced on 2012-06-05 01:02:10

The Moon Illusion Induced by Atmospheric Converging Light Effect

Authors: Yongfeng Yang
Comments: 8 Pages. 2 figures

The mystery of the Moon illusion keeps pending, even though various explanations have been experienced over thousands of years. Here I propose that the illusion may ascribe to the Earth’s atmospheric unusual optical effect. The considerably thick spherical atmosphere may form a convex lens to converge light ray, which leads to that the rays of light emitted (reflected) from the Moon are greatly compressed before they reach an earthly observer, and thereby the size of retinal (camera) image of the Moon is diminished. The difference of optical path in atmosphere results in that the image size of the horizontal Moon is diminished much more than that of the zenithal Moon, but reversely, the geometry of optics yields a larger enlargement for the horizontal Moon than that for the zenithal Moon when they are looked back into the sky.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[5] viXra:1008.0018 [pdf] replaced on 14 Sep 2010

Time Travel: Some Science of Fiction

Authors: John Michael Williams
Comments: 11 pages.

The fiction of time-travel usually makes it paradoxical and therefore impossible beyond physics. A few physical postulates, however, can make time-travel merely impossible physically.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[4] viXra:1005.0034 [pdf] replaced on 12 May 2010

Our Artificial Reality Created by Theory

Authors: Ron Bourgoin
Comments: 2 pages

Theory is a template, a schematic of what we think reality is. We see reality according to the template. What does not conform to the template is excised. For that reason, much that occurs in the world is not seen. That is how we miss the great discoveries going on right under our noses.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[3] viXra:1003.0215 [pdf] replaced on 6 Mar 2010

The Aesthetics of Paradoxism

Authors: Titu Popescu
Comments: 100 pages, v1 in Romainian, V2 in English Translated by P. Georgelin, F. Smarandache, and L. Popescu

In the history of thought and creation, the decisive events, the great and significant moments, the strongly affirmative stages - then the imposition of the optimizing novelties - have depended on the name and prestige of a personality. Referring to those, we personalize further on. The examples are extremely numerous, even in our nearest past. When we mention a creation - in the largest sense of the term - with the name of the personality who illustrates it most extensively at a given time, we state precisely the specific importance of it; we give it, with other words, the identity to which we can refer continuously with full knowledge and without causing any confusion among the receivers. The facts are called with the name of the man who produced them, and in this way we can compose a parallel onomastic dictionary, in which the work is included in the person's space, keeping its content. The consecrated proper names evolve through quickly imposed habits, a large range of increments that announce the essential outline of their peak production. No space for ambiguity remains when we address to readers or listeners who are somewhat acquainted with the subject and we use such terms as Aristotelianism, Platonism, Kantianism, Hegelianism, Proustianism, Eminescianism, Barbianism, etc. We have even the advantage of a centered communication when we suggest with a sole notion the work as well as its dominant features, linked with the renown of the concerned author.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[2] viXra:0907.0040 [pdf] replaced on 3 Sep 2009

From Ancient Africa

Authors: Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr
Comments: 98 Pages.

Ancient African Oracle Patterns were spread through many cultures (Vedic, Judaic, Platonic, Chinese, Japanese, Ilm al Raml, Llullian Wheels, Tarot, and Computer Cellular Automata). Their 256 basic elements lead to the real Clifford algebra Cl(8) and thus to Cl(16) = Cl(8) x Cl(8) and to the Lie algebra E8 and a realistic E8 physics model. The article describes: History up to Tarot (pages 2-10); Earlier Heaven IFA Sequence (pages 11-13); Cl(8) Graded Structure (pages 14-18); Cellular Automata Dynamics (pages 18-37); African Oracle Structures (pages 37-44); 88 Equivalence Classes (pages 44-84); 256 Elementary Rule Patterns and Physics (pages 84-94); and Past and Future History (pages 95-98).
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[1] viXra:0907.0040 [pdf] replaced on 29 Jul 2009

From Ancient Africa

Authors: Frank Dodd (Tony) Smith Jr.
Comments: 97 pages.

Ancient African Oracle Patterns were spread through many cultures (Vedic, Judaic, Platonic, Chinese, Japanese, Ilm al Raml, Llullian Wheels, Tarot, and Computer Cellular Automata). Their 256 basic elements lead to the real Clifford algebra Cl(8) and thus to Cl(16) = Cl(8) x Cl(8) and to the Lie algebra E8 and a realistic E8 physics model. The article describes: History up to Tarot (pages 1-9); Earlier Heaven IFA Sequence (pages 10-12); Cl(8) Graded Structure (pages 13-17); Cellular Automata Dynamics (pages 17-36); African Oracle Structures (pages 36-43); 88 Equivalence Classes (pages 43-83); 256 Elementary Rule Patterns and Physics (pages 83-93); and Past and Future History (pages 93-97).
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics