History and Philosophy of Physics

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Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed further down

[218] viXra:1611.0355 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-26 03:03:28

Null and Zero: What Does Algebra Tell us About Physics, the Universe, and Everything?

Authors: Alexander Balatsky
Comments: 33 Pages.

The universe is considered to be a logical system amenable to description in terms of dimensionless physically meaningful quantities united by common algebraic relationships. This insight allows us to reveal that: (i) time and space are interrelated via a certain causal order; (ii) this order arises via self-organization of void underlying the quantum structure of time-space; (iii) the corresponding symmetry and conservation law are manifest in the principles of causality, least time and least action; (iv) the causal relationship between void, time and space is amenable to analytical description in terms of a basic scale invariance of the universe.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[217] viXra:1611.0329 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-24 06:40:34

Time Space and Identity

Authors: 姚嵩
Comments: 10 pages in Chinese.If you have any comments,please contact braveislife@sina.com

时间的度量必需现象有一个稳定的背景,能回到原来的方向。我们没有宇宙之外的钟表,没有绝对的时间标准,能够作为给出相等时间间隔的钟表的,并不是绝对的准确,而是与世界上绝大多数给出时间单位的周期现象,有着相对非常稳固的比值关系。时间只是在一个点上涌现,变化向前,只有周而复始的现象给出了相等的时间单位。当我们说,一切事物都在变化时,能使我们认识到变化前后还是同一个事物的,正是不变的东西。
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[216] viXra:1611.0274 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-19 01:18:23

Form and Informality

Authors: Andrej Poleev
Comments: 63 Pages. Language: German

No abstract
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[215] viXra:1611.0103 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-08 09:31:03

The Ancient and Modern Knowledge

Authors: Dragan Turanyanin
Comments: 7 Pages. in Serbian, Latin

This article, under the title “The Ancient and Modern Knowledge” has been published (vol. 24, p.48, 1990) in the contemporary ex-Yugoslav well known journal “Cultures of the East” (Kulture Istoka, http://srednjiput.rs/knjige/#kulture). It rather bravely argues about a very strong parallel, if not even identity, between the so called three gunas i.e. rajas, tamas and sattwa (as accepted and explained through the teachings of almost all the ancient spiritual systems of India, both orthodox and unorthodox) and the three well known modern physical so called universal constants h, G and c, respectively. The idea, however, goes in contrast to the Bohm-Capra’s views of the parallelism. Also, a universal three-partition view of Nature is noticed and accepted. Few purely gnoseo-epistemological questions are raised on the same basis as well. The connection and parallel of gunas, i.e. the constants, with the ancient idea of both matter and space-time discontinuity on some very deep level is mentioned, too. The author is convinced that the main thesis of the existence of the huge, universal cultural cycles (or better say spiral) has been supported this way.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[214] viXra:1611.0090 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-07 11:12:48

A New Nature for Light

Authors: Djamel ABDELMOULA
Comments: 7 Pages.

This work is a part of unpublished ideas about the fundamental physics and there evolution over time. In this paper, I started by speaking about light and its nature as the cornerstone of physics. Then we describe the evolution of ideas about light and interpretations of its nature in terms of waves and particles; A duality which lead us to suggest a new nature of light at a halfway between these two interpretations. We reinvented the photon that we renamed 3photillon". However, it remains to test this new approach in the interpretation of light-related phenomena. An attempt to interpret Young's interference fringes is made on the basis of this new conception of light and a new interpretation of the Planck constant has emerged naturally from this new nature.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[213] viXra:1611.0087 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-07 08:39:53

Ramon Llull’s Art and Structure of Nature

Authors: Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr
Comments: 14 Pages.

Around 700 years ago Ramon Llull emerged from a cave in Mount Randa, Majorca, after receiving divine illumination inspiring him to produce a geometric art describing a universal science. The geometry of his art is an elaboration of IFA divination and the I Ching from the ancient past. Now it is clear that nature is described by General Relativity and the Standard Model, which are unified by E8 geometry in the art of Real Clifford Algebras not only with structure inherited from IFA and the I Ching but also with Llullian art geometry. Ramon Llull used his geometric art to show the unity of the religions he knew, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, but he also knew that his art contained further possibilites, such as a unified model of the structure of nature, even though it would take 700 years for experimental and theoretical physics to advance enough to show clearly their relationship to Ramon Llull’s geometric art.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[212] viXra:1610.0387 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-31 20:48:22

History of Astronomy

Authors: Rochelle Forrester
Comments: 5 Pages.

The ultimate cause of much historical, social and cultural change is the gradual accumulation of human knowledge of the environment. The human environment has a particular structure so that human knowledge of the environment is acquired in a particular order. The structure of the universe and the nature of the human sensory apparatus ensured that humans initially believed, the earth was not moving and the sun orbited the earth, a system known as the Ptolemaic system. Suggestions the earth spun on its axis and orbited the sun were counter intuitive and generally not accepted until new instruments such as the telescope provided new information which suggested the earth spun on its axis and orbited the sun in elliptical orbits which became known as the Newtonian system. Improved observations showed the Newtonian system was wrong and General Relativity which had the earth and other planets orbiting the sun in circular orbits, in curved four-dimensional space-time, became the accepted view of the universe. The naked eye explanation of the universe was accepted first, and more complex knowledge acquired later, using better instruments, led to the Newtonian system and then General Relativity. The order of these belief systems was inevitable as new methods of observing the universe became available which provided new information about the universe. This is an example of how human social and cultural history follows a particular path, a path that is determined by the structure of the human environment.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[211] viXra:1610.0311 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-26 01:14:49

Space, Time and Information: Toys in the hands of Lord Venkatesha

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 9 Pages.

Building on some of the most phenomenal theories and observations of science, this article probes deep into the nature of the three fundamental entities of the universe: space, time and information. Through a series of implications and inferences involving Indian Spirituality, one sees these entities in the three Shaktis of Iccha, Jnana and Kriya, as well as in the Avataras of Varaha, Narasimha and Rama-Krishna-Kalki. Importantly, one sees these three entities as the three ‘toys’ – Shankha, Chakra and Thirunaamam of the Lord Venkatesha, who is the Universal Mother Herself as the Kali-Yuga salvation yielding form of Baalaa.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[210] viXra:1610.0167 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-15 10:21:36

Mass, Force, & Energy: A New Formulation

Authors: Stanley James Speck
Comments: 24 Pages.

What is energy? This question, as Richard Feynman has pointed out, has never been given a satisfactory explanation. What energy “is” - in some ultimate sense – is, strangely enough, still an open question. In this speculative venture which is both a physical and philosophical quest, we propose a definite and perhaps startling answer: Energy is not something which causes motion; it is motion itself, or rather, it is a “quantity of motion” calculated as the sum of the speeds of all the particles in the system. Mass is a quantity of motion confined or bound to a certain region of space. Force is the rate of change of a quantity of motion when an object accelerates. Any “quantity of motion” can thus be calculated as Kinetic Energy or as Mass (or as Work), depending upon the needs and circumstances of the inquiry. We give a lucid, step by step explanation of this idea, and suggest that motion is not an accidental quality, but ontologically fundamental. We call the ultimate object which is moving a ‘particle point,’ which, unlike the geometric point, is in any region of space finite in number. The energy in any finite region of space is consequently the number particle-points multiplied by their speed, or more precisely, by their speed squared. The speed of all such particles is constant and uniform: the speed of light. We lead the skeptical reader through these formulations, accounting for momentum, inertia, and entropy along the way. In the end, as many questions are raised as are answered, but it is an open road, as it should be. massforceenergy@gmail.com
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[209] viXra:1610.0085 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-07 07:39:37

Niels Bohr's Philosophy: The Epistemological Lesson of Quantum Mechanics

Authors: Ian von Hegner
Comments: 44 Pages.

Niels Bohr thought that what quantum mechanics has taught us is not only to understand something new, but also a new meaning of the term “to understand”. Bohr wanted to free himself from ontology by putting emphasis on epistemology; i.e. on certain conditions for observation and description. He believed that the epistemological lesson of quantum mechanics was a crucial one. Basically it has two important aspects. 1. Bohr's philosophy leads to a break with the so-called correspondence theory for truth and meaning. It states that true propositions are descriptions of a world that is independent of our observations; i.e. that on a regular basis one can compare language with reality, that is, in language compare the two areas against each other. Bohr believed that this did not make sense, since in many situations we cannot add meaning to a world that has a "an sich" structure (the thing-in-itself), which in turn can be depicted when observed. 2. All knowledge is attained under certain conditions for description. Bohr thought that the long-lasting criterion for valid knowledge is that we can communicate it unambiguously to each other. When Bohr emphasised that "we are suspended in language" in the sense that all knowledge determines what we can say about the world in an understandable way, and not what the world actually is, this must be understood in the sense that we only know the world as recognised; i.e., structured on the basis of the conditions for description, to which we are, as part of the world, necessarily are subjected to. Bohr's emphasis on conditions for descriptions invalidates the well-known distinction between analytic and synthetic propositions. An important feature of the descriptive use of ordinary language, as well as in classical physics, is that description is based on a dividing line between subject and object. This results in idealism and materialism not being tenable positions. Furthermore, it is such that we cannot use the designation of things independently of the designation of time and space. Logical principles are only meaningfully applied in situations relating to our conditions for observation. So based on inspiration from Bohr, Favrholdt developed a more adequate and comprehensive philosophy, where he, among other things, states that all humans possess a fundamental language, underlying all languages. This constitutes a number of concepts – the core – where the correct use is dictated by the structure of the world, which humans learn through sensory perception and action.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[208] viXra:1610.0056 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-04 16:52:30

The Physics of Mathematical Philosophy

Authors: C. A. Laforet
Comments: 13 Pages.

The subjects of classical and quantum physics are examined in relation to Goedel's Incompletness Theorems where classical physics is assumed to be a mathematically consistent system while quantum mechanics is assumed to be a mathematically complete system.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[207] viXra:1609.0422 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-29 12:52:05

Geometric Clifford Algebra and Quantum Interpretation of the Proton's Anomalous Magnetic Moment (poster)

Authors: Michaele Suisse, Peter Cameron
Comments: Pages.

The role of the anomalous moment in the geometric algebra of proton topological mass generation suggests that the anomaly is not an intrinsic property of the free space proton, but rather a topological effect of applying the electromagnetic bias field required to define the eigenstates probed by the magnetic moment measurement. Quantum interpretations strive to explain emergence of the world we observe from formal quantum theory. This variant on the canonical measurement problem is examined in the larger context of quantum interpretations. v1 of this poster was presented to the 22nd International Spin Symposium, Urbana-Champaign (2016) A more detailed presentation of this content may be found here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uyM4cZgSprI
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[206] viXra:1609.0394 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-28 00:48:41

Физика: Кризис и Возможный Прорыв (Physics; the Crisis and a Possible Breakthrough)

Authors: George Kirakosyan
Comments: 263 pages with the appendix, Russian language

В книге даются вразумительные ответы на дискуссионные, глобальные вопросы физики относящиеся к сущности элементарных частиц, феномена гравитации, физического смысла квантовых и релятивистских теорий. Нынешнее кризисное состояние в проблемных разделах физики и неутихающая критика в ее адрес представлены в книге, как следствия неэффективной аналитической методологии и отсутствия единой базовой концепции. Старая проблема физической науки, дуализм в законах природы (причинных и квантовых), объясняется произвольностью интерпретации соответствующего круга явлений. Показывается путь ее решения и концептуального объединения, искусственно разделенных ныне, двух частей фундаментальной науки - классической и формальной физики. Вырисовывающаяся в книге картина мировосприятия основывается на естественных суждениях и отчетливых количественных соображениях, приводящих к логически завершенному мировоззрению. Представленные пояснения и простые решения выглядят неожиданными, вопреки бытующему убеждению о чрезвычайной сложности фундаментальных задач физики. Внятная трактовка изучаемых вопросов, с реалистической точки зрения, глубоко отличается от современных формальных теорий, основанных на разобщенных, абстрактных гипотезах. С учетом большого количества решенных задач фундаментального значения и конкретные результаты, представленный труд может оказаться востребованным как среди оппозиционно настроенных мыслителей, так и в официальной науке.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[205] viXra:1609.0363 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-25 22:24:39

Life Against Heat Death

Authors: Michail Zak
Comments: 13 Pages.

This work is inspired by the discovery of a new class of dynamical system described by ODE coupled with their Liouville equation. These systems called self-controlled since the role of actuators is played by the probability produced by the Liouville equation. Following the Madelung equation that belongs to this class, non-Newtonian properties such as randomness, entanglement, and probability interference typical for quantum systems have been described. Special attention was paid to the capability to violate the second law of thermodynamics, which makes these systems neither Newtonian, nor quantum. It has been shown that self-controlled dynamical systems can be linked to mathematical models of livings. The discovery of isolated dynamical systems that can decrease entropy in violation of the second law of thermodynamics, and resemblances of these systems to livings implies that Life can slow down heat death of the Universe, and that can be associated with the Purpose of Life.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[204] viXra:1608.0247 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-22 15:42:33

Spaces and Velocities

Authors: Tamas Lajtner
Comments: 6 Pages.

Space is what the matter senses as space. Space is not depend on its texture. It can be made out of matter or non-matter. Time is one characteristic of the given space. Using this new approach, we can find substantial spaces that exist in reality, but we have never considered these as spaces. In these spaces the faster-than-light communication is reality. This paper is based on space-matter theory, but it can be understood without knowing this. Space-matter theory describes how space and matter create time. So matter that appears as space appears as time, too. This conclusion is very new, but it is an important part of the space-matter theory.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[203] viXra:1608.0178 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-17 00:10:20

Stoe Emergence

Authors: John C. Hodge
Comments: 5 Pages.

Emergent philosophy developed from the studies of biology, life, societies, and computer patterns. The Scalar Theory of Everything (STOE) model posits emergence theory models the universe. The STOE was developed from two basic agents and their interaction to the complexity of the cosmological scale. This model has described many mysteries of standard models including the structure of galaxy clusters, the microwave background temperature, rotation curves, asymmetric rotation curves, the relation of central mass parameters to outer galaxy parameters, galaxy redshift, periodic galaxy redshift, and the Pioneer Anomaly on the large scale. The STOE also suggests a photon model of light that describes Young's experiment, that rejected all wave models of light, and that described the results of the Hodge Experiment. It served as a base for explaining the Stern-Gerlach experiment. The STOE model made successful predictions of the Pioneer Anomaly and of the Hodge Experiment.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[202] viXra:1608.0132 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-13 01:10:37

An Examination of Measurement Relevant to Entanglement and Ontology: Answers to Some Long Standing Questions

Authors: Georgina Woodward
Comments: Pages.

This paper is about how measurement has been misunderstood and that has led onto further misunderstanding. It has given the impression of 'spooky action at a distance' and made it seem that Bell's inequalities argument supporting that must be correct. An argument is presented here, considering whether some measurements are not informing about the pre-existing properties of particles; but rather provoking responses that are providing the measurement outcomes. The mathematically impossible predictions for quantum experiments when pre-existing properties are assumed is looked at, while provocations are considered. That is, with regard to different orientations of response being of non-equivalent type and therefore not justifiably, added and subtracted; Calling into question the applicability of Bell's inequalities. Different categories of measurement are given. Entanglement is discussed in the light of the previous measurement arguments. Concluding that entanglement is due to symmetry, shown in same first measurement outcomes fitting predictions. There is refutation of faster than light communication, as a measurement is a response to the provocation supplied by the apparatus, not a preexisting property that has come into being upon first partner measurement. An ontological background for QM, relativity and perception is discussed. The Harry Beck London underground 'Tube' map is used in an argument that high predictive power does not necessarily equate to complete correspondence with underlying reality, only an aspect or some aspects of it.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[201] viXra:1608.0129 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-12 13:27:30

Quantum Interpretation of the Impedance Model as Informed by Geometric Clifford Algebra

Authors: Michaele Suisse, Peter Cameron
Comments: 7 Pages. We revisit an earlier paper (Quantum Interpretation of the Impedance Model, 2013) to include new insights available from consideration of geometric Clifford algebra.

Quantum Interpretations seek to explain observables from formal theory. Impedances govern the flow of energy, are helpful in such attempts. An earlier note documented first efforts to resolve the interpretational ambiguities and contentions from the practical perspective of our model-based approach. In the interim, discovery of the deep connections between the impedance model and geometric Clifford algebra has shed new light on the measurement problem and its manifestations, which we revisit here.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[200] viXra:1608.0078 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-08 07:25:18

The Relativity Theory by A. Einstein as an Example for Questionable Mechanisms in Science

Authors: J. Schwander
Comments: 36 pages in German

This article describes questionable mechanisms and mistakes in science. The Relativity Theory (RT) which A. Einstein published will be used as an example: The SRT (Special RT) in 1905 and the GRT (General RT) in 1915. Both theories have been experimentally proven numerous times and are an essential basis of modern physics. The article shows that the constancy of light velocity does not correlate with reality. The actual movement of an object in a defined space matches its imaginary reflection we perceive in our brain only from an internal, but not from an external view. [internal = orientation on space where the object moves; external = outside of that space] With regard to light, external observers or measuring instruments do not register the distance of photons. Instead, they see the resultant movement of these light particles and the system (space) in which they are in motion. The differences between the external and internal view are therefore not caused by photons or waves, but because of observers that orientate on different spaces (coordinate systems). Comparing both views, postulates arise that completely contradict a rational logic. Therefore, diverse statements of the RT do not withstand a critical examination. Moreover, we cannot use mathematics to verify if axioms (non-proven assumptions) of a theory are correct. Therefore, the various pieces of evidence of the RT state nothing about whether their bases accord with reality or not. Hence, this theory is based on the belief of correctness of assumptions, which can be refuted. The second part of the article will describe former and current scientific mistakes. Why they occur and endure will be analyzed. The factors are the belief in science, disregard of fundamentals of scientific work, questionable development in research and teaching, as well as skepticism towards new theses when a theory has already been established. This leads to fatal problems in the environmental sector. At the end of the article, a fundamental system change is suggested, which is indispensable in order to obtain our long-term livelihood.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[199] viXra:1608.0049 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-05 06:29:46

Reality in the Context of Physics (Ricp): an Explanatory Framework: Bridging the Pitfalls of Category Error, Dispelling Paradox and Excluding Magic from Physics

Authors: Georgina Woodward
Comments: 42 pages including abstract and references

This work provides solutions to a number of long standing problems in physics, by identifying category error as an issue and providing an explanatory framework. Category error is indicated within Einstein’s work on relativity. Having addressed that, the associated paradoxes are dispelled. Other quandaries are considered, with the potential for category error and the explanatory framework in mind: Such as; the nature of time, the arrow(s) of time, causality, what is the future? Having proposed the need for an ontic, absolute, foundational reality there is relevant discussion of counterfactual definiteness and the law of non-contradiction. Discussion of true absolute relations in contrast to relations within ‘space-time’ images follows. A short note of caution on the risk of allowing magic into physics precedes a list giving the facts and problems in physics, demonstrating the need for an explanatory framework. The penultimate section, (before References), is the word definitions and key to abbreviations to be used in conjunction with the accompanying 5 diagrams that illustrate the explanatory framework. The framework impacts on many areas of physics. In particular relativity and QM; providing the ontic foundation necessary for both, allowing them to co-exist without contradiction. It also overlaps with other science areas in particular the biology and neuroscience of sensory perception.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[198] viXra:1607.0197 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-16 18:47:40

Buenaventura Suarez the First American Astronomer in South America

Authors: Ramon Isasi
Comments: 11 Pages. Replacement of Version 2 and Version 1

In this short essay, we consider some details of the life of Father Buenaventura Suarez, his astronomical research and activities as a craftsman in the complete manufacture of his scientific instruments by using only the means that nature offered in those places where the Jesuit Missions were located. Also, we include a brief biography, a short description of his scientific productions and communications. Some comments regarding his book Lunario de un Siglo of 217 pages published the fourth Ed. in 1752 is given
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[197] viXra:1607.0144 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-12 08:13:47

A New Model of Physics

Authors: Ratikanta Das
Comments: Affiliated to Bhadrak Institute of Engineering Technology, Bhadrak-756113,Odisha,India., 09 Pages.

Abstract: According to this model, particle-antiparticle pair are created when our flat three dimensional (3D) universe; which is supposed to be a grand 3D hyper spherical surface separating two super grand 4D worlds on either side; is deformed locally into two sides forming two 4D Gaussian structures. The model stands on classical mechanics, but it supports quantum mechanics by deriving Schrödinger equation and de Broglie hypothesis. The model gives new ideas and simple explanations of some puzzles of physics such as: internal structure of fundamental particle, origin of mass, origin of charge, origin of strong force and wave- particle duality of matter and radiation. The model also describes a 4D classical technique (named as spiral transformation) for conversion of radiation into matter and vice versa. Again using external structures of particles, the model gives simple answers to questions: why electron-positron pair annihilates but electron proton pair forms a stable combination and why n-n or p-p combination is unstable in spite of strong attractive force but n-p combination (deuteron) is stable.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[196] viXra:1607.0054 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-05 12:44:56

Time Comes Into Being if Two Different Three-Dimensional Spaces Meet

Authors: Tamas Lajtner
Comments: 13 Pages. New definition of time. New axiom of physics.

Time comes into being if two different three-dimensional spaces meet. This is the definition of time in the space-matter theory. Two different three-dimensional spaces exist if their elements have actions at different scales. The actions have their minimum and maximum values in the given dimensions which cannot be changed without loosing the given dimension. Space can be converted into matter and matter can be converted into space, but space and matter have two different ranges of actions. Time is the meeting point of space and matter. The space-matter model allows us to find the common root of space, matter and time. In space-matter model matter causes space waves. Solely through the use of space waves, we can express spatial distance, time and energy. It is possible to express all these phenomena in eVolt, so meter can be converted into second or into kg and vice versa.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[195] viXra:1607.0044 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-04 10:36:39

A "Dark Energy Pulsation Principle" Summary Version.(2)

Authors: Terubumi Honjou
Comments: 14 Pages.

A "dark energy pulsation principle" summary version.(2) Chapter 2 elementary particle pulsation principle. [6]The summary of the elementary particle pulsation principle. [7] The hypothesis of "the elementary particle pulsation principle." (the original of the 1980 announcement). [8]Grounds to suppose to be a lump of the energy that an elementary particle is super-high-speed, and pulsates.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[194] viXra:1606.0244 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-23 05:54:52

On the Emergence of Scientific Consensus.

Authors: Johan Noldus
Comments: 4 Pages.

The emergence of consensus is of vital importance to science; yet, I am unaware of any theory which has been developed along those lines. This paper consists out of an attempt to erect such theory.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[193] viXra:1606.0142 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-15 04:08:23

El Magnetismo Rotatório de Aragó

Authors: Carles R Paul, Albert Serra
Comments: 36 Pages. In Spanish

El conocido astrofísico Carl Sagan comentaba: “Vivimos en una sociedad profundamente dependiente de la ciencia y la tecnología en la que nadie sabe nada de estos temas. Ello constituye una fórmula segura para el desastre”. Sobretodo cuando este conocimiento científico y tecnológico proviene del electromagnetismo. Es conocido que los orígenes del electromagnetismo se remontan a los experimentos de Oersted, pero casi nadie conoce la gran contribución que efectuo Francesc Aragó al desarrollo del electromagnetismo. En este articulo demostramos que los experimentos de Aragó contribuyeron de forma decisiva al pensamiento teórico de André Marie Ampere. Culminando en el experimento decisivo del disco de Aragó, donde se muestra el magnetismo de rotación, precursor del disco de Faraday y origen de la tecnología electromagnética.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[192] viXra:1606.0099 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-10 13:42:12

Elementary Pulsation Principle Omnibus.

Authors: Terubumi Honjou
Comments: 12 Pages.

Naming and is the subject of this book, the author, is trying to resolve the challenges facing modern physics or mathematics depending on the hypothesis, and announced in the real sense of the 1980 Super grand unified theories of particle physics pulsating principles.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[191] viXra:1606.0055 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-06 07:25:18

A Wake-up Call for Politicians: Regulate the Sciences.

Authors: Johan Noldus
Comments: 4 Pages.

This is a short manifest aimed towards politicians to properly regulate the sciences in the interest of society.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[190] viXra:1606.0032 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-03 13:15:34

Unidentified End of Universe

Authors: Damodar Rajbhandari
Comments: 2 Pages. Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

In this article, I want to elaborate my own ideas and views, that was electrify my trillion of neurons and popped up into my mind.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[189] viXra:1606.0016 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-02 07:14:33

A Proof of the Existence of God from the Existence of Rational Thought About Nature.

Authors: Johan Noldus
Comments: 2 Pages.

We show the existence of God from the possibility of rational thought about nature.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[188] viXra:1605.0204 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-19 19:40:00

Who Will be the Next Albert Einstein?

Authors: J.A.Q.Abanto
Comments: 5 Pages. 6

Even Einstein will have a hard time answering the question posed above but perhaps History can. Will history repeats itself? If it does, can we guess who might be the next Albert Einstein? When Einstein made his startling discovery of unifying Maxwell Theory and Newton's Theory, he was an unknown and struggling physicist. A solitary investigator of nature. Will the next great unifyer will be like Albert Einstein, who, as of today, is still unknown to the Physics world? In this study, we enumerate the scientific climate during the time of Einstein and some historical facts about him before his famous "\emph{Annus Mirabilis}" and relate it to whom might possibly be the next Einstein who will discover the next great unification. We also consider the famous clich$\acute{e}$ that, any bright high school student who stumble upon Einstein's two Special Relativity postulates and happens to know advance high school algebra will inevitably discover Einstein's Theory. Here, we consider on how can any bright college student who happens to know the postulates of General Theory of Relativity can generalized it with little knowledge on advance college Calculus and how it will inevitably lead in finding the next great Unification Theory in Physics.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[187] viXra:1604.0167 [pdf] submitted on 2016-04-10 15:29:15

There Are no Corpuscles, Only Waves

Authors: Fernando Arthur Tollendal Pacheco, Fernando Antônio Tollendal Pacheco
Comments: 1 Page.

In Nature there are no corpuscles, only waves
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[186] viXra:1603.0339 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-23 13:37:13

Some Relations Between Physical Constants

Authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi
Comments: 3 Pages. uec = unidade eletrostática de carga (electrostatic unity of charge)

Some relations between physical constants, most were found by me in the year 1991, while a few in 1994. I leave registered here to make it easier to return to the theme of Eletrogravitational Unification at most favorable time, with some of these relationships in mind. Meanwhile, I leave it available to the public, if it is useful. The units were omitted in most case.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[185] viXra:1603.0197 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-13 10:05:16

Essay on the Mass Gap of Quantum Field Theory

Authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi
Comments: 3 Pages.

A natural view on the problem of mass gap.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[184] viXra:1603.0126 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-08 07:11:02

The Universe in Absolute Time 0

Authors: Dwayne Huang
Comments: 13 Pages.

There is a model of universe in absolute time 0. Adjust curvature of figure-The universe in absolute time 0, it extremely alarming similar with CMB (Fluctuations in the Cosmic Microwave Background).
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[183] viXra:1603.0091 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-06 08:01:18

The Foolishness of Time

Authors: Leonardo Rubino
Comments: 4 Pages.

We often hear about a universe which is many billion years old, but does talking about so many years make any sense? Does a period of one year make sense in all eras? Human beings and all beings measure things according to themselves and to their own lives. A blade of grass is small for a human being, but it is a huge sequoia for an ant.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[182] viXra:1602.0151 [pdf] submitted on 2016-02-13 09:39:54

Omnibus :The Physics of Dark Energy.

Authors: Terubumi Honjou
Comments: 30 Pages.

Omnibus : the physics of dark energy. I predicted the existence of dark energy in 1980. The presence of dark energy observed in 1998. I presented my hypothesis, in 1980. I announced at the physical society of Japan of Fukushima University.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[181] viXra:1602.0119 [pdf] submitted on 2016-02-10 04:27:28

An Opinion on Some Significant Questions of Physics

Authors: José Francisco García Juliá
Comments: 3 Pages.

I give my opinion on the relativity, cosmological redshift, Big Bang, gravity, quantum mechanics and field theory.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[180] viXra:1602.0028 [pdf] submitted on 2016-02-02 10:40:51

The Soul as Observer in Dark Matter and Baryonic Matter

Authors: Ali Soheilbeigi Bazgir
Comments: 10 Pages.

The main objective of this article is to derive transformation equations from new assumptions of relativistic. We assume that the Soul is observer in both Dark Matter (DM) and Baryonic Matter (BM) by inserting imaginary equations in DM (a place of our dreams when we are sleeping) coordinates. By considering the Soul as an observer, the new transformation equations make relationship between space-time coordinates of an event for an observer in BM and space-time coordinates of another event in DM for the same observer. By this method, not only relativistic postulate remains valid but also the speed of the Soul corresponds to c/α^(D-4) would increase so much faster than light in additional dimensions that we are not able to observe them. The DM is assumed to be a place of events of our dreams, moreover, New Imaginary Transformation Equations (NITE) include transmitting the Soul from BM to DM, when we are dreaming in sleep, with a velocity so much faster than light. The Soul moves backward and forward in time in DM area, in fact, DM includes not only the end quantum state of particles of events our Soul have already observed in BM but also the end quantum state of particles of events our Soul have not been able to observe yet. NITE is based on the fact that the Soul is the end quantum state of human’s body that can be only observed in extra dimensions. The Soul can observe backward or forward of events in imaginary motion in DM or even the Soul would have non-local motion in the additional dimensions.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[179] viXra:1602.0027 [pdf] submitted on 2016-02-02 10:43:12

The Soul as a Negative Mass

Authors: Ali Soheilbeigi Bazgir
Comments: 10 Pages.

The main objective of this article is to derive new equation of motion for Faster-Than–Light-Particles, named Negative Mass like the Soul. It is assumed that the Soul as a negative mass has Faster-Than-Light-Velocity that is able to pass through ImaginaryNon-physical space-time, but this is only valid in additional dimensions or quantum end state of space-time. The Imaginary Non-physical(Quantized) space-timeformalism is proposed in which it has not physical meaning. In fact, the quantum end state of human's body is assumed to be the Soul and it passes through theImaginary Non-physical(Quantized) space-time. Despite enormous efforts to unify the gravity in quantum scales, the quantum end state of space-time is assumed Non-physical instead of physical so it has been described that gravity would be so stronger in additional dimensions or in theImaginary Non-physical(Quantized) space-time. The Imaginary Non-physical metric g_μυі of space-time, which is described by New Imaginary Transformation Equations (NITE), is used to describeT_μυі as the Imaginary Non-physical gravitational field in quantized scale of space-time. Then theImaginary Non-physical gravitational field is formulated by interacting of a negative mass like the Soul with the Imaginary Non-physical (the quantum end state) space-time curvature, allowing a negative mass like the Soul bends theImaginary Non-physical curvature of the quantum end state of space-time. It is predicted that the Soul as a negative mass does not carry any electromagnetic charge(wavelength λ=0) so that its negative energy would increase to infinity. Consequently, the Imaginary Non-physical (Quantized) curvature of space-time is infinitely bent, describing how a negative mass like the Soul would non-locally reach the farthest region of the Imaginary Non-physical space-time.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[178] viXra:1601.0309 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-28 11:24:19

The Physics of Dark Energy. Chapter 5.

Authors: Terubumi Honjou
Comments: 20 Pages.

Uniform No. 9 Chapter gravitational and electromagnetic forces [1] modern physics goals, Super grand unified theory hypothesis [2] in 1980, elementary pulsation principle announced in Japan physical society an announcement in the Japan physical society in 1980 [3] cinii National Institute of Infomatics to be stored. [4] on the Internet Encyclopaedia Wikipedia articles An illustrated guide [5] nuclear forces, gravity, electromagnetic force [6] elementary pulsation principle forces, gravity, electromagnetic force of unity [7] pulsation principle model for finite nuclei structure. Front and back of the same photon's [8] photons and quantum gravity
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[177] viXra:1601.0308 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-28 11:39:17

Sources and Further Reading

Authors: Terubumi Honjou
Comments: 2 Pages.

Sources and further reading Web source: Wikipedia, URL: http://ja.wikipedia.org/ date of issue: 5/1/2015 Search input field 1) Large Hadron Collider, 2) dark energy, 4) duality of particles and waves, 5) double-slit experiment, 6) double-slit experiment, 7) atoms and 8) probability interpretation, 9) probability interpretation 10) Goethe, 11) observation issues, 12) ether, 15) particle, 16) dark energy, 17) virtual particles, 18) extra dimensions, 19) cosmic microwave background radiation, 20) particle, 21) de Broglie waves, 22) dark energy, 23) dark energy, 24) extra dimensions, 25) dark energy, 32) Double-slit experiment, 33) uncertainty principle, 34) fermions, 35) strong interaction, gravity, electromagnetic force, and 36) superstring theory, 37) quantum field theory, point particles, 38) unified field theory, 39) Riemann hypothesis.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[176] viXra:1601.0294 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-26 19:55:43

The Physics of Dark Energy. Chapter 4.

Authors: Terubumi Honjou
Comments: 28 Pages.

Chapter 5 of the dark matter discovered [1] elementary pulsation principle hypothesis and dark matter A perfect candidate for dark matter [2] [3] found that dark matter equivalent to a perfect candidate Solve the mystery of the chapter 6 the double slit experiment Experiments led to the origin [1] quantum mechanics and probability interpretation Solve the mystery of the double-slit experiment [2] [3] double-slit experiment become a gravitational wave detection? [4] modern version ether experiments. [5] dark matter and dark energy candidates [6] double-slit experiment matter waves interpretation Chapter 7-superstring theory no. 3: revolution [1]-latest superstring theory Front-runner [2] the ultimate theory and superstring theory [3] Einstein kept looking for 4-dimensional space [4] particle oscillation principle is new geometric model of superstring theory. [5] dark energy pulsating wave ultra thongs Back to the real Chapter 8: quantum mechanics [1] probability interpretation Origin [2] probability interpretation of the double-slit experiment Doubt to the probabilistic interpretation [3] Process characteristics of particles [4] Geometric explanation of concepts [5] elementary pulsation principle
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[175] viXra:1601.0288 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-26 11:31:02

The Physics of Dark Energy. Chapter 3

Authors: Terubumi Honjou
Comments: 19 Pages.

Chapter 3 principle of pulsating for dark energy Dark energy in 1998, validated by the discovery of the accelerating expansion of the universe [1] [2] elementary pulsation principle and dark energy pulsating principle Information about dark energy [3] Present a strong candidate for dark energy [4] Dark energy exists in the [5] 4-dimensional space [6] dark energy of particle mass generation mechanism [7] dark energy pulsating show supersymmetry [8] dark energy and the energy of the vacuum space equivalent mechanism. [9] dark energy and the Higgs field. [10] particle mass generation mechanism
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[174] viXra:1601.0272 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-25 12:25:35

The Physics of Dark Energy. Chapter 2

Authors: Terubumi Honjou
Comments: 20 Pages.

The physics of dark energy. Chapter 2. Hypothesis of Pulsation principle
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[173] viXra:1601.0267 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-25 03:03:13

Physics and Optics in Dante's Divine Comedy

Authors: Amelia Carolina Sparavigna
Comments: 8 Pages. MECHANICS, MATERIALS SCIENCE & ENGINEERING JOURNAL, 2016, Volume 3

The Divine Comedy is a poem of Dante Alighieri representing, allegorically, the journey of a soul towards God, in the framework of Dante's metaphysics of the divine light. However, besides metaphysics, we can find in the poem several passages concerning the natural phenomena. Here we discuss some them, in order to investigate Dante’s knowledge of Physics and, in particular, of Optics.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[172] viXra:1601.0261 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-24 12:00:37

The Physics of Dark Energy

Authors: Terubumi Honjou
Comments: 6 Pages.

The physics of dark energy Table of contents Introduction Theoretical physics, Chapter 1: current conditionsand issues [1] modern physics in the challenge [2] elementary pulsation principle and dark energy pulsating principle [3] Einstein kept looking for 4-dimensional space The geometry of the universe [4] [5] all equations, quantum gravity theory
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[171] viXra:1601.0256 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-23 13:59:51

Links to Main Authors in XX Century

Authors: Einstein, Marx, Gumbel, Pradip Baksi, Tiago de Oliveira
Comments: 1 Page.

Presentation of history and philosopky of sciences includes online access yo main Authors.Princeton constructed a link to 80 thousand Albert Einstein titles.Emil Julius Gumbel, Moscow Academy of Sciences and Pradip Baksi, as well as Paulus Gerdes, analyzed the mathematical works of Karl Marx.Emil Julius Gumbel and J.Tiago de Oliveira created the Statistical Analysis of Extremas. All these subjects have relevant titles accessible, as well as a collection, including Asia, provided by Pradip Baksi.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[170] viXra:1601.0253 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-23 11:21:38

Dark Energy Discovered?

Authors: Terubumi Honjou
Comments: 3 Pages.

Pulsating hypothesis found a 4-dimensional space? That dark energy exists in 4-dimensional space.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[169] viXra:1601.0250 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-23 09:17:20

About Some Magic Numbers in the Standard Model of Particle Physics

Authors: Arkady L. Shifrin
Comments: 17 Pages. Reply to: arkady.shifrin@gmail.com

In this article I show that by applying inversions to a set of bit-strings generated in a naturally arising way, I obtain subsets of bit-strings which exactly mimic classes of confirmed particles in the Standard Model. I show that questions regarding the number of particle families, number of particles in each class, and such become trivial in this model.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[168] viXra:1601.0249 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-23 09:56:17

The Discovery of the New 4-D Space.

Authors: Terubumi Honjou
Comments: 1 Page.

The physics of dark energy (2) The discovery of the new 4-d space. Four dimensional space is not Carter Klein space advocate. Pulsating hypothesis) The density of dark energy in the vacuum space filled with horizontal lines. The horizontal setting and zero. Energy wave picture showed changes in the energy density, 3D space we are aware horizontal line. Set the upper and lower parts of the horizon is 4-dimensional space. In repeatedly Planck time period pulsating particle oscillation hypothesis is a hypothesis. Assuming the wave of changes in the density of dark energy and matter waves that propagate at the speed of light.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[167] viXra:1601.0243 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-22 11:06:28

Pulsation Principle of Particle Physics

Authors: Terubumi Honjou
Comments: 1 Page.

In 1980. In the Japan physical society of Fukushima University announced. Hypothesis as a mass of energy repeatedly divergence and contraction (pulsating) ultra high speed subatomic particles. Vacuum space is filled with a tenuous energy, which form a field. Ripples of pulsating in matter waves. Matter waves that propagate at the speed of light. Subatomic particle with the pulsating, particle-wave-negative particle-wave-constantly in transformation of particles. In 1998, space observation discovered dark energy. Its identity is a mystery. In 1980, predicted the existence of dark energy (energy air). Named elementary pulsation principle (principle of dark energy pulsating) hypothesis. In theoretical physics, the mystery of that try by the physics of dark energy.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[166] viXra:1601.0148 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-13 09:51:43

The E8 Charge Space and Carnatic Music: Connections in Information Space Through Metahomeomorphism

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 7 Pages.

The concept of metahomeomorphism, mapping all n-dimensional information systems can be put to good use in enhancing the visualization of the E8 model particles. This is done by mapping the charge space to a music based information system with the same number of dimensions.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[165] viXra:1601.0126 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-12 05:16:11

How my 1983 Idea for a Super-Resolving Single-Molecule Fluorescence Microscope Independently Won the 2014 Nobel Prize in Chemistry

Authors: Vladimir F. Tamari
Comments: 13 Pages.

This paper documents how one of the author's inventions, sketched in 1983 in his notebook and published nowhere else, came to be independently developed and won Eric Betzig and others the 2014 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. The concept was to take multiple sequences of images of the same object, randomly lit by fluorescent light one molecule at a time, digitally process these images and combine them in a final image so sharp it goes beyond the theoretical resolution limits set by Abbe for microscopes. As confirmed by the company's present CEO the basic idea was mentioned in an awards application to Carl Zeiss company in1995. Now Zeiss is manufacturing microscopes based on the same principle, revolutionizing biological and medical research because it allows the imaging of live cells in unprecedented finely resolved detail.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[164] viXra:1512.0461 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-29 02:52:15

Scientific Sources of Antonio Giao-part 1/2

Authors: Jose Carlos Tiago de Oliveira
Comments: 188 Pages.

25 scientific documents starting on an incomplete manuscript reflecting on the causes of Giao failure. The thesis aimed to respond, along his scientific life, to the comparable dimensions of success, misunderstanding and oblivion.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[163] viXra:1512.0460 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-29 03:00:52

Scientific Sources of Antonio Giao-part 2/2

Authors: Jose Carlos Tiago de Oliveira
Comments: 218 Pages.

Starting on an non published paper about microelectrons, a concept that emerged in the shadow of Louis de Broglie, before being refuted, this part contains more than 70 documents, letters as well connected pieces of a lfe full of mistery.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[162] viXra:1512.0446 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-26 16:59:02

Rhetorics of Thesis Presentation

Authors: Jose Carlos Tiago de Oliveira
Comments: 5 Pages.

Discourse at Evora University, 31 January 2012
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[161] viXra:1512.0442 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-26 10:10:01

The Scientific Personality of ANTÓNIO GIÃO

Authors: Jose Carlos Tiago de Oliveira
Comments: 378 Pages.

First volume of Thesis in google approach to english
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[160] viXra:1512.0439 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-26 11:37:44

The Essential on History of Mathematics in Portugal

Authors: J.Tiago de Oliveira
Comments: 30 Pages.

History in our country since the beginning of nationality
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[159] viXra:1512.0432 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-26 09:11:16

Pilgrimage to the Sources

Authors: Jose Carlos Tiago de Oliveira
Comments: 47 Pages.

Preface to the second volume of Doctoral Thesis on The Scientific Personality of Antonio Giao. Presents the hundred rare documents constituting this volume.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[158] viXra:1512.0229 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-05 13:18:26

Статья об Александре Болонкине

Authors: Boris Kruglyak
Comments: 9 Pages.

Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Боло́нкин (род. 14 марта 1933) — советско-американский учёный, доктор технических наук (1971), профессор, специалист в области авиации, космонавтики, математики и компьютерной техники. Им предложены принципиально новые методы в теории оптимизации и оптимального управления и сделаны их приложения к динамике полёта и автоматическому управлению. Предложены новые безракетные методы запуска и полёта космических аппаратов и разработаны соответствующих теорий. Среди научных интересов А. А. Болонкина также методы электронного бессмертия, преобразования окружающей среды (превращения холодных районов в субтропики, орошение пустынь замкнутым водяным циклом). В энергетике он предложил высотные подвесные ветроэлектростанции, высотные газопроводы и метод 100 % превращение любой материи в энергию в соответствии с законом Эйнштейна E=mc2. В фемтотехнологии Болонкин показал, что возможно создание материалов, которые будут в миллионы раз прочнее, чем существующие, способны выдерживать миллионы градусов, и могут быть невидимыми; возможно создание упругих невидимых сверхпрочных фемто-игл, способных дотянуться и проникать в недра Луны, Земли и многое другое. А. А. Болонкин является автором более 250 научных статей и книг [27-32], 17 патентованных изобретений и более 100 заявок-изобретений [14], стр. 501—508, которые он представил для общего пользования. В частности, он написал монографии и книги: "Новые методы оптимизации и их применение (Москва, МВТУ, 1972, 220 стр.); Human Immortality and Electronic Civilization (Baltimore, Publish America, 2007, 140 pgs.); Non-Rocket Space Launch and Flight (London, Elsevier, 2005, 448 pgs.); New Concepts, Ideas, Innovations in Aerospace, Technology and Human Science, (New York, NOVA, 2008, 510 pgs.); «Macro-Projects: Environments and Technologies» (NY, NOVA, 2007, 536 pgs.) (co-author R. Cathcart); Femtotechnologies and Revolutionary Projects (LAMBERT, Germany, 2011, 538 pgs). Болонкин участник многих международных форумов и общеамериканских конференций [14], куда он представил десятки своих работ. Например: The World Space Congress, 28 August — 5 September 1992, Washington, DC, USA (3 Reports); 45th International Astronautical Congress, Jerusalem, Israel, 9 — 14 October, 1994 (2 Reports); The World Aviation Congress, 1999 (2 Reports); The 53rd International Astronautical Congress and World Space Congress- 2002, 10 — 19 October 2002, Houston, TX, USA (13 Reports); на десятки конференций Американского Института Аэронавтики и Астронавтики (AIAA) с 1994 по 2006 гг он представил 40 докладов [21]. А. А. Болонкин работал ведущим инженер-расчётчиком в авиационном ОКБ Антонова, начальником отдела надёжности в ракетном ОКБ Глушко, преподавал в МАИ, МАТИ, МВТУ им. Баумана, в США он работал старшим научным сотрудником в НАСА и крупнейших научно-исследовательских лабораториях Военно-Воздушных сил США, работал в NYU, NJIT, CUNY и др. американских университетах [2].
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[157] viXra:1511.0235 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-24 11:35:56

The Ghost in the Machine ::

Authors: Seamus McCelt
Comments: 1 Page.

Make sure your explanation or debunk really is an explanation or debunk.
Or you are only doing the equivalent of calling a ghost...
"Spooky Action at a Distance"
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[156] viXra:1511.0176 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-20 03:00:30

Unified Field Mechanics: A Brief Introduction

Authors: Richard L. Amoroso
Comments: 5 Pages.

spacetime’, ‘spacetime is not fundamental but emergent’ etc. “Henceforth space by itself and time by itself are doomed to fade into the mere shadows, and only a union of the two will preserve an independent reality.” – 1908 Hermann Minkowski. We have come full circle from the time of Minkowski’s 1908 statement to the brink of an imminent new age of discovery. The basis of our understanding of the natural world has evolved in modern times from Newtonian Mechanics to the 2nd regime of Quantum Mechanics; and now to the threshold of a 3rd regime - Unified Field Mechanics (UFM). The Planck scale stochastic quantum realm can no longer be considered the ‘basement’ or fundamental level of reality. As hard as quantum reality was to imagine so is the fact that the quantum domain is a manifold of finite radius; and that the ‘sacrosanct - indelible’ Quantum Uncertainty Principle can now be surmounted. For decades main stream physicists have been stymied by efforts to reconcile General Relativity with Quantum Mechanics. The stumbling block lies with the two theories conflicting views of space and time: For quantum theory, space and time offer a fixed backcloth against which particles move. In Einstein's relativities, space and time are not only inextricably linked, but the resultant spacetime is warped by the matter within it. In our nascent UFM paradigm for arcane reasons the quantum manifold is not the regime of integration with gravity; it is instead integrated with the domain of the unified field where the forces of nature are deemed to unify. We give a simplistic survey of the fundamental premises of UFM and summarize experimental protocols to falsify the model at this stage of the paradigm’s development.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[155] viXra:1510.0369 [pdf] submitted on 2015-10-23 13:01:19

Ifa Owari Adinkra Clifford (Giza) Llull Lukasa Origins of E8 Cl(16) Physics

Authors: Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr
Comments: 14 Pages.

African origins of E8 Physics (viXra 1508.0157) are outlined.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[154] viXra:1510.0139 [pdf] submitted on 2015-10-16 13:04:59

Periodic Table of Physics

Authors: Tobias Richter
Comments: 1 Page.

Periodic Table of Physics It is a first draft of a periodic table. It serves the acquisition of new formulas and contains the essential simple formulas in physics. It contains files written in German.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[153] viXra:1510.0078 [pdf] submitted on 2015-10-09 01:54:47

T.o.e. Relational Space-Time: Cyclical Time, Fractal Space, 5th Dimensional Metrics and Worldcycles

Authors: Luis sancho
Comments: 40 Pages.

Leibniz's model of relational space-time was the alternative to Newton's absolute space-time proved right by the discoveries of Einstein (a Universe of multiple time clocks) and quantum theory (a Universe of multiple space quanta that carry energy). However, a proper formalism of such model which gets away with the obsolete concept of absolute time and absolute space was never formulated since as Einstein put it, 'if Leibniz was right we have to start science from scratch'. Thus science is still in a middle place, with complex models that as astronomy, u did in the interregnum between Copernicus and Newton uses elements of both models. The concept of cyclical time and the metrics of the 5th dimension, which orders all space-time cycles of the Universe according to its relative length in space and duration in time, straightens up the foundations of a Universe of multiple time clocks, simplifying our understanding of the Universe, and unifying all sciences and systems of nature. This paper introduces the fundamental elements of the model: cyclical time, fractal space, 5D metrics, world cycles and the 'generator equation' of space-time beings, which we call the existential function', to stress the fundamental property of all entities of the Universe, to exist as forms made of relational space-time. We are NOT in a background absolute space and time, but we are made of vital space - space with energy and motion, and time cycles of finite length which determine through the world cycle of the 5th Dimension the duration of our existence (no longer a world line as in 4D physics, as lineal time is substituted by cyclical time which ads a new dimension to the Universe).
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[152] viXra:1510.0062 [pdf] submitted on 2015-10-06 19:42:14

Is the Light Velocity Constant?

Authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi
Comments: 5 Pages. In English.

The pretension in this paper is to question the constancy of light velocity.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[151] viXra:1510.0024 [pdf] submitted on 2015-10-02 17:27:22

Yra-Model of a Universe (Philosophical Aspect) / Yra-модель мироздания (философский аспект)

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 18 Pages. in Russian. Yusupov Robert © YRA-model of an universe 03.10.2015

Search for explaining of the structure of the nature at the primary level has led the author to the need to study the basics of the life, the nature and a universe. Physics is the basic science of nature. Physics declares that everything in the world, in the nature of the material, that the matter is the basis of all things and phenomena of nature. But there is no concrete evidence of this declaration in the theory of modern physics (TMP). The matter is the category of the philosophy. The philosophy of dialectical materialism naturally and convincingly proves materiality of the world around us, nature. The matter is in perpetual motion. The movement is an attribute of the matter. The matter and the motion are inseparable. But the matter is only an abstraction in the theory of dialectical materialism. The specific manifestation of matter in nature this theory does not specify. But the search of concrete exhibiting of matter in nature is not the task and the duty of the philosophy. This is the task and the matter of the natural sciences, especially of the physics. The physics should go to meet the nature and to find the concrete manifestation of the matter in the nature. But in the modern physics (the beginning of the XXI century) the matter in physics took place of the "honorary wedding general", the physicists busy of the physical idealism, and the physics is in the deep crisis. The Planck quantities in the physics attracted the attention of the author. These are such quantities as the Planck time, the Planck length and the Planck mass. At the heart of introduction and consideration of the Planck quantities the idea of the discrete of the nature at the micro level lies. The discrete of the nature means presence of the minimum connatural quantities. But this idea has not had finishing development, in the modern physics it remained at the level of ideas. It has not been found and is offered any concrete, material acknowledgement of correctness of this idea. The author has made an attempt ("brainstorming") to connect the fruitful ideas of the dialectical materialism (matter and motion) and of the physics (the idea of the discrete nature at the Planck scale). All this has led to the creation of the YRA-model of the universe. Поиск объяснения устройства природы на первичном базовом уровне ведет с необходимостью к исследованию основ бытия, природы, мироздания. Физика является основной наукой о природе. Физика декларирует, что все в мире, в природе материально, что материя лежит в основе всех вещей и явлений природы. Но никакого конкретного подтверждения этой декларации в теории современной физики нет. Материя является и категорией философии. Философия диалектического материализма, естественно и убедительно доказывает материальность окружающего нас мира, природы. Материя в вечном ее движении, – вот первичное, основное положение диамата. Но материя в теории диалектического материализма всего лишь абстракция, конкретного проявления материи в природе эта теории не указывает. Но это и не дело философии, это дело естественных наук, в первую очередь физики. Именно физика должна пойти навстречу природе и найти материю в природе. Но в современной физике (начало XXI века) материя в физике занимает место “почетного свадебного генерала”, физики заняты физическим идеализмом, а физика находится в глубоком кризисе. Планковские величины в физики привлекли внимание автора. Это такие величины, как, например, планковское время, планковская, длина, планковская масса. В основе рассмотрения планковских величин лежит идея о дискретности природы на микроуровне. А дискретность природы подразумевает наличие минимальных природных величин. Но эта идея не получила завершающего развития, в физике она так и осталась на уровне идей. Никакого конкретного, материального подтверждения правильности этой идеи найдено и предложено не было. Автор предпринял попытку (“мозговой штурм”) с целью соединить плодотворные идеи диалектического материализма (материя и движение) и физики (идея дискретности природы на планковском масштабе). Все это привело к созданию YRA-модели мироздания.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[150] viXra:1509.0271 [pdf] submitted on 2015-09-29 03:18:56

Use of Moore’s Law to Predict Implementation and Advancing of Science and Technology in Supporting Halal Requirements: a Scopus Study

Authors: Sparisoma Viridi, Yazid Bindar, Sony Suhandono, Edwan Kardena, Rifqi, Aulia Eka Fitriani, Sri Indah Ihsani
Comments: 6 pages, 7 figures, 3 tables, conference paper on the Second Symposium On Global Halal Research, 30 September 2015, Jakarta, Indonesia

A literature study of number of publications listed in Scopus has been performed. Observation is limited only from 1990 to mid of 2015. The word halal is used in searching title, abstract, and keywords of the publications. Only four subject areas are considered: (i) agricultural and biological sciences, (ii) engineering, (iii) medicine, and (iv) computer sciences. In general sum of all fields tends to increase rapidly between 2010 and 2012 but then they decrease in the last three years of observation range. It also makes smooth pattern from 1999 until 2009. Individual field shows fluctuated pattern. Moore’s law in form of N(t) = N_0 exp[k(t – t_0)] is implemented by setting some parameters such as offset of starting time t_0, exponent constant k, and proportional constant N_0. Correlation among observed fields is also discussed in brief.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[149] viXra:1509.0227 [pdf] submitted on 2015-09-25 03:59:36

Physics Time-Line 585BC to 2000

Authors: Philip Gibbs
Comments: 22 Pages.

From the Greek philosophers to string theorists, this is the chronology of discoveries in physics and cosmology. According to Legend, Archimedes discovered the principle of buoyancy while taking a bath. He jumped out and ran through the streets shouting "Eureka!" The scientific revolution took off 1800 years later after Gutenberg introduced the printing press in Europe and Coperincus broke the old cosmology and put humans in their place away from the centre of the universe. Since then, thousands of scientists have experienced that Eureka moment when they realised that they have seen a fundamental truth not known before. These pages contain, in chronological order, a selective list of those discoveries from natural philosophy. These are the findings which have helped us understand the laws of physics, the universe and our place in it. The time-line is not yet complete and many more scientists will have the privilege of contributing to its future. Today the internet is taking over from print as the primary means of communicating scientific discoveries and anyone who wants to can participate.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[148] viXra:1509.0164 [pdf] submitted on 2015-09-18 09:49:48

Logical Concepts and Elements Dimensions

Authors: Dwayne Huang
Comments: 124 Pages. CC BY-NC-SA 4.0

The goal of the article, it is derivate and prove and improve acceptable current mainstream theories by the performance of dimension change in closed system. Finally it achieves a united theory to explain everything of world. The description from chapter one to chapter three: In the process of the close derivation from concept and logic to element and dimension, and with the projection of relativity 5-D (point is 1-D, line is 2-D, point and line 3-D, plane is 4-D, cube body is 5-D), it derives Square and Circle and Inclination and Ellipse these four constants. And it expressed how to realize Space and Time and Substance and Living Creature and Intelligence. In chapter four, it explains 1-D expression of number by the dimensional structure of Fibonacci number. In chapter five, it explains how to express digit in image by the projection of microscopic substance on plane (Nuclear Fusion).
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[147] viXra:1509.0131 [pdf] submitted on 2015-09-15 09:31:00

Holism and the Geometrization and Unification of Fundamental Physical Interactions (An Essay on Philosophy of Physics)

Authors: Marek Wojciech Kalinowski
Comments: 193 pages ,1figure ,Index of names

In the essay we consider very important problems of philosophy of physics: a unification and a geometrization of fundamental physical interactions and holism. We are looking for holistic approaches in many different domains of physics. Simultaneously we look for some holistic approaches in the history of philosophy and compare them to approaches in physics. We consider a unifi- cation and a geometrization of physical interactions in contemporary physics in order to find some connections with many philosophical approaches known in the history of philosophy. In this way we want to connect humanity to natural sciences, i.e. physics. In the history of philosophy there are several basic principles, so-called "arche". Our conclusion is that a contemporary "arche" is geometry as in the Einstein programme connected to a holistic approach.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[146] viXra:1508.0098 [pdf] submitted on 2015-08-13 11:43:55

Generalized Bohr’s Principle of Complementarity.

Authors: Klimets Alexander
Comments: 15 Pages.

We show that Bohr's complementarity principle can be generalized to all the phenomena of reality. The generalized principle of complementarity Bohr can be formulated as follows: the rational side of reality and conjugate irrational side of reality are complementary to each other. This raises the question of relations between science and mysticism.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[145] viXra:1508.0068 [pdf] submitted on 2015-08-10 06:01:57

Science Emerging from the Upanishads

Authors: Hasmukh K. Tank
Comments: Eight-page essay

Is the standard model of fundamental-particles, with six quarks, leptons, photons and force carriers….., final? Or there is something beyond it.? And, how to accommodate our direct experience of ‘consciousness’ in Physics? As an attempt to seek answers to these questions, an alternative view emerging from the ancient spiritual scriptures, namely Upanishads, is presented here for consideration of scientists. All the five Upanishads suggest that the most fundamental substance of the universe is not only physically real, but it is also capable of being aware of itself. This fundamental real substance is eternally ever-present in time and all-pervading in space. The fundamental particles of ‘matter’ are different patterns of vibrations or fluctuations of it. Depending upon the complexity of vibrations these patterns-of-vibrations subjectively feel them either in waking, dreaming or deep-sleep state.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[144] viXra:1507.0210 [pdf] submitted on 2015-07-28 21:09:37

Modern Physics and Kashmir Shaivism: The Higgs, Mass, Symmetry and Entropy

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 5 Pages.

After a brief review on the Higgs mechanism and the way it affects the perception of mass, the connection between mass and symmetry is visited. The computational universe model connecting quantum information theory with spacetime is then reviewed and the symmetry-mass connection is explored here as well. Based on these connections, a common thread linking entropy, symmetry, mass and information content is formulated. The key concepts of Kashmir Shaivism, mainly the Shuddha Vidyas are explored and the connection between these concepts and the common thread is elaborated upon. The remarkable similarity between the philosophical underpinnings between Kashmir Shaivism and Modern Physics reinforce the strong connections between the latter and Oriental Philosophy.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[143] viXra:1507.0094 [pdf] submitted on 2015-07-13 16:21:19

How the Generalized Maxwell Equations Can be Derived from the Einstein Postulate?

Authors: Valeri V. Dvoeglazov, Jesus A. Cazares Montes
Comments: 3 Pages. http://www.journaloftheoretics.com/Articles/1-5/Val-final.pdf

We show that the Gersten derivation of Maxwell equations can be generalized. It actually leads to additional solutions of ‘S=1 equations.’
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[142] viXra:1507.0093 [pdf] submitted on 2015-07-13 16:28:04

The Parity Conservation Law: Still Alive?

Authors: Valeri V. Dvoeglazov
Comments: 4 Pages. http://www.journaloftheoretics.com/Articles/2-1/vd.pdf

This is a brief note for "pedestrians", which is devoted to the explanation of recent ideas of G. Ziino, A. Barut, D. V. Ahluwalia, and myself in the tehory of neutral particles.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[141] viXra:1506.0193 [pdf] submitted on 2015-06-27 11:12:51

Electrodynamics on the Threshold of the Fourth Stage of Its Development

Authors: Zafar Turakulov
Comments: 15 Pages.

Development of electrodynamics during last one and half a century is discussed and it is shown that every half a century its contents changes drastically. In fact, during each of the three past stages three distinct doctrines were reigning in the field, which can safely be visioned as three different theories. Each of these three theories is critically analyzed and it is shown that the third stage is over and electrodynamics has reached the threshold of the fourth stage of its development.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[140] viXra:1506.0124 [pdf] submitted on 2015-06-16 04:56:35

Protogeometer: Falling Into Future

Authors: Vladimir I. Rogozhin
Comments: Pages. FQXi Essay Contest entry 2014

Universe silence... Why? TechnoSfera... Where does it move? BioSfera... Where is the non-return point? NooSfera... What to do? The deep mind looks for primordial senses of the LifeWorld. Сonsciousness, matter, memory... Self-Consciousness... Сonsciousness is attracting senses vector magnitude, intentional effect of absolute complexity. The Vector of Сonsciousness - the Triune Vector of absolute forms of existence of matter (limit states), the Vector of the Absolute Existential Field of the Universe, a polyvalent sense phenomenon of Ontological (structural, cosmic) Memory. Open Сonsciousness Vs. Closed Сonsciousness. Сonceptual and mathematical proto-Eidoses of the Absolute forms of existence of matter. On the basis of ontological and existential constracting method – method of a discretion and a reflection of existential repère-point, the Vector of Сonsciousness places milestones on ProtoGeometre's long way – the way of knowledge of good and evil, of rises and fallings, of births of absolutely another, from the point Alpha to the modern point of ultimate tension of the Absolute Existential Field of the Universe. Big waves of Consciousness. Existential risks of Humanity and Open Science. New Open Generation realizing all existential risks of Humanity passable way and risks of coming Information era creates the Self-Aware Universe, filling it with the most deep meanings of the LifeWorld, at the heart of which Axiom of an absolute freedom of choice is laid. The minimum Program to overcome existential risks. Great Integrative Paradigm. Creation of a common sense picture of the World for physicists and lyricist. The United Humanity raises up five Great Philosophers' Stones in memory of Protogeometre's rises and fallings on a long way of becoming of Humanity and frees the Horse. Humanity is on a threshold of an Era of Eonic thinking... I start the path...
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[139] viXra:1506.0123 [pdf] submitted on 2015-06-16 05:13:50

The Formula of Justice: The OntoTopological Basis of Physica and Mathematica*

Authors: Vladimir I. Rogozhin
Comments: 10 Pages. FQXi Essay Contest entry 2015

Dialectica: Mathematica and Physica, Truth and Justice. Mathematica as the Constructive Metaphysica and Ontology. Mathematica as the constructive existential method. Сonsciousness and Mathematica: Dialectica of "eidos" and "logos". Mathematica - the Total Dialectica. The basic maternal Structure - "La Structure mère". Mathematica and Physica: Loss of existential certainty. Is effectiveness of Mathematica "unreasonable"? The ontological structure of space. Axiomatization of the ontological basis of knowledge: one axiom, one principle and one mathematical object. The main ideas and concepts of the ontological construction "Point with a vector germ" and "heavenly triangle". "Ordo geometricus" and "Ordo onto-topological". Architecture of the onto-topological basis of knowledge: general framework structure, carcass and foundation. The absolute space and the absolute field. The absolute (natural) system of coordinates of Universum. Eidos of "idea of ideas", the symbol and the "Formula of Justice".
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[138] viXra:1506.0034 [pdf] submitted on 2015-06-04 22:13:29

Stress in Vedic Nuclear Physics

Authors: John Frederick Sweeney
Comments: 20 Pages.

Incorrect comprehension of the Scientific Sanskrit term Duk:ha (stress) has led humanity to incorrectly grasp ancient Vedic Science. Even Gautama Buddha apparently failed to understand this term, and so based his religion on this misunderstanding, which is the philosophical foundation for the Four Noble Truths and the Middle Way. This paper corrects the error, based on Scientific Sanskrit and Vedic Nuclear Physics.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[137] viXra:1505.0133 [pdf] submitted on 2015-05-18 04:00:50

The Microcosm

Authors: Karl Birjukov
Comments: 34 Pages.

Relativity is seriously flawed as a theory of reality. However, it is very often the case that even a flawed theory is acceptable when no viable alternative is offered. When this happens, the flaws are made invisible, and carried into every idea that subsequently shapes concepts without a possibility of detection. It may seem strange to imagine that what is going to be developed here is in some ways an alternative intending to render those flaws visible. However, it is not so much that the interest here is relativity. The meaning of microcosm as it will be developed requires that it should be offered up against reality in comparison. Since no idea or theory ever really does this, the intention is to compare ideas against each other. When this happens, it is clear that a certain dissonance takes place, and so it becomes necessary to look at relativity since the dissonance comes from there. It should be stressed, however, that this is not intended as a scientific enterprise. Far from it. This notion of microcosm begins its life by looking for novel ways of approaching a more tangible and accessible meaning. As such, it lies outside the traditional purview of science, yet paradoxically has something to say about the nature of reality. Consequently, the lines of distinction that are traditionally drawn between subject areas inevitably become blurred. Microcosm is generally considered in fairly abstract terms: a part reflects a whole, or more generally, all things are connected. Poetically and artistically, it is also suggestive of man as a reflection of the whole. But here, it may be more useful to think of the microcosm as a fraction – the word ‘fraction’ already holds within itself a denominator form that expresses the idea of the whole of which it is a part.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[136] viXra:1505.0050 [pdf] submitted on 2015-05-06 07:29:37

Photogarphy or Teleportation?

Authors: Fursa E.Ja.
Comments: 12 Pages.

The discoveries in the region of quantum physics definitely indicate on the existence of the immaterial universe, does not available for a perception of our senses and scientific instruments, and the presence of pre-existing information-power "canvas" in the basis of every living organism. Thus quantum nonlocality is, perhaps, the manifestation of the properties of the very peculiar level of the organization of matter, of so-called "thin world" (or of the "canvas"), which we are unsuccessfully are looking for around and in all: in the inexplicably reasonable, orderly, harmonious, symmetrical and in an animate… So-called psychics almost unmistakable by the photograph able to distinguish people living and the dead. And one must admit it is an established fact. What are the causal or informational connection may exist between the human (as a living matter) and of non living copy (photograph) of this person, living or dead? Photo (holography) there is physic-chemical process of saving the image of object (or of other biophysical parameters) on the remoted carrier (film) by means of quantum teleportation of particles (photons). The psychic, in a known sense, is "a quantum observer" having abilities to carry out the decoherence of the quantum states.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[135] viXra:1505.0023 [pdf] submitted on 2015-05-02 08:57:09

Errors in Nobel Prize for Physics (1) ──Strict Unified Theory Cannot be Existed

Authors: Fu Yuhua
Comments: 11 Pages.

One of the reasons for 1979 Nobel Prize for physics is "for their contributions to the theory of the unified weak and electromagnetic interaction between elementary particles". While the strict "unified theory" cannot be existed, there is only "partial and temporary unified theory so far". Applying least square method, "partial and temporary unified electromagnetic theory so far", "partial and temporary unified gravitational theory so far", "partial and temporary unified theory of four fundamental interactions so far", and "partial and temporary unified theory of natural science so far" can be established. In this way, the theory of everything to express all of natural laws, described by Hawking that a single equation could be written on a T-shirt, is partially and temporarily realized in the form of "partial and temporary unified variational principle of natural science so far".
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[134] viXra:1505.0022 [pdf] submitted on 2015-05-02 09:01:39

Errors in Nobel Prize for Physics (2) ──Exist at Least Seven States of Accelerating Expansion & Contraction and the Like in Universe

Authors: Fu Yuhua
Comments: 3 Pages.

One of the reasons for 2011 Nobel Prize for physics is "for the discovery of the accelerating expansion of the universe through observations of distant supernovae". But "the accelerating expansion of the universe" is debatable. Through mathematical derivation, according to Hubble's law, the values of far away distance, far away speed, far away acceleration of a galaxy, and the force acted on this galaxy are all the exponential functions of time, these reach the unreasonable conclusions: as time tends to infinity, all of these values will tend to infinity too. Due to the observation of distance is limited, at most we can say: "partial universe is in the state of expansion (including accelerating expansion)." In addition, partial universe (such as the area nearby a black hole) is in the state of contraction. Therefore the correct conclusion is that there exist at least seven states of accelerating expansion and contraction and the like in the universe, namely "partial universe is in the state of accelerating expansion, partial universe is accelerating contraction, partial universe is uniform expansion, partial universe is uniform contraction, partial universe is decelerating expansion, partial universe is decelerating contraction, and partial universe is neither expansion nor contraction".
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[133] viXra:1505.0021 [pdf] submitted on 2015-05-02 09:06:08

Errors in Nobel Prize for Physics (3) ──Conservation of Energy Leads to Probability Conservation of Parity, Momentum and so on

Authors: Fu Yuhua
Comments: 10 Pages.

One of the reasons for 1957 Nobel Prize for physics is “for their penetrating investigation of the so-called parity laws which has led to important discoveries regarding the elementary particles”. While the concepts of parity laws (law of conservation of parity and law of nonconservation of parity) are questionable. For the experiment of Chien-Shiung Wu et al in 1957, the correct way of saying should be that the probability of conservation of parity is 71% and the probability of nonconservation of parity is only 29%. The essential reason for the phenomena of nonconservation (including nonconservation of parity, momentum, angular momentum and the like) is that so far only the “law of conservation of energy” can be considered as the unique truth in physics. As for other “laws”, they are correct only in the cases that they are not contradicted with law of conservation of energy or they can be derived by law of conservation of energy; otherwise their probability of correctness should be determined by law of conservation of energy or experiment (currently for the most cases the correctness can only be determined by experiment). Conclusion: besides law of conservation of energy, all other laws of conservation in physics may not be correct (or their probabilities of correctness are all less than 100%). Discussing the examples that law of conservation of momentum and law of conservation of angular momentum are not correct (their results are contradicted with law of conservation of energy). In addition, the essential shortcomings of special relativity and general relativity are caused from the reason that law of conservation of energy was not considered at the established time of these two theories; therefore their results will appear the examples contradicted with law of conservation of energy, and in the area of general relativity the attempt to derive the correct expression of energy will never be success. Finally the examples deriving the improved Newton's second law and improved law of gravity according to law of conservation of energy are discussed, which show the great potentiality of law of conservation of energy, and giving full play to the role of law of conservation of energy will completely change the situation of physics.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[132] viXra:1505.0020 [pdf] submitted on 2015-05-02 09:08:56

Errors in Nobel Prize for Physics (4) ──There is no Strict Symmetry in Nature

Authors: Fu Yuhua
Comments: 4 Pages.

In 1963, 1980 and 2008, the Nobel Prize for physics is related to symmetry principle, violation of symmetry, and broken symmetry respectively. These facts show the following viewpoint: In nature, not only symmetry principles exist, but also violations of symmetry and broken symmetries exist. While this paper presents the following viewpoint: There is no strict symmetry in nature, only approximate symmetry and partial and temporary symmetry can exixt; and for any symmetry, we can find the example of violation of symmetry or broken symmetry. For example, one case for violation of principle of general covariance is the fractal rule, because the fractal distribution is a straight line only in the double logarithmic coordinates. Theoretically, any equation in natural sciences and social sciences is corresponding to a symmetry and the related conserved quantity, and this conserved quantity can be equal to an arbitrary constant. The contradiction and incompatibility between symmetries are also discussed. For example, the incompatibility is existed between the symmetry for law of gravity and the symmetry for general relativity; and the law of conservation of energy generated by time translation symmetry is contradicted with the law of conservation of momentum generated by space translation symmetry and the law of conservation of angular momentum generated by space rotation symmetry. Although the symmetry for law of conservation of energy is only approximately correct, theoretically it could be considered as the unique symmetry in physics that is strictly correct. For other symmetries, they are correct only in the cases that they are not contradicted with this unique symmetry or they can be derived by this unique symmetry.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[131] viXra:1505.0019 [pdf] submitted on 2015-05-02 09:12:07

Errors in Nobel Prize for Physics (5) ──Improper Exclusion Principle and Man-made Law

Authors: Fu Yuhua
Comments: 4 Pages.

One of the reasons for 1945 Nobel Prize for physics is “for the discovery of the Exclusion Principle, also called the Pauli principle”. It has been found that bosons are not subject to the Pauli exclusion principle. This paper argues that in some cases the exclusion principle is also invalid for fermions. The reasons are as follows: first, according to Neutrosophy, any proposition has three situations of truth, falsehood and indeterminacy respectively; second, some scholars have pointed out that the exclusion principle may be broken in high-energy state; third, due to the existance of man created law (man-made law), the broken exclusion principle and the man-made (instantaneous) magnetic monopole can be artificially created; fourth, the exclusion principle is not compatible with law of conservation of energy, and in physics the principles that are not compatible with law of conservation of energy will be invalid in some cases.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[130] viXra:1505.0017 [pdf] submitted on 2015-05-02 09:14:47

Errors in Nobel Prize for Physics (6) ──Improper Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle

Authors: Fu Yuhua
Comments: 6 Pages.

One of the reasons for 1932 Nobel Prize for physics is “for the creation of quantum mechanics”. As well-known, the most famous contribution of Heisenberg is uncertainty principle, therefore one of the most importment reasons for Heisenberg was awarded the Nobel Prize is the creation of uncertainty principle. While, this paper points out that the original uncertainty principle is improper. Considering all the possible situations (including the case that people can create laws), the author presents "certainty-uncertainty principles" with general form and variable dimension fractal form. According to the classification of Neutrosophy, "certainty-uncertainty principles" can be divided into three principles in different conditions: "certainty principle", namely a particle’s position and momentum can be known simultaneously; "uncertainty principle", namely a particle’s position and momentum cannot be known simultaneously; and neutral (fuzzy) "indeterminacy principle", namely whether or not a particle’s position and momentum can be known simultaneously is undetermined. The special cases of "certainty-uncertainty principles" include the original uncertainty principle and Ozawa inequality. In addition, in accordance with the original uncertainty principle, discussing high-speed particle’s speed and track with Newton mechanics is unreasonable; but according to "certainty-uncertainty principles", Newton mechanics can be used to discuss the problem of gravitational defection of a photon orbit around the Sun (it gives the same result of deflection angle as given by general relativity). Finally, for the reason that in physics the principles, laws and the like that are regardless of the principle (law) of conservation of energy may be invalid; therefore "certainty-uncertainty principles" should be restricted (or constrained) by principle (law) of conservation of energy, and thus it can satisfy the principle (law) of conservation of energy.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[129] viXra:1505.0016 [pdf] submitted on 2015-05-02 09:17:22

Errors in Nobel Prize for Physics (7) ──Improper Schrodinger Equation and Dirac Equation

Authors: Fu Yuhua
Comments: 8 Pages.

One of the reasons for 1933 Nobel Prize for physics is “for the discovery of new productive forms of atomic theory” (namely Schrodinger equation and Dirac equation). While, this paper points out that Schrodinger equation and Dirac equation are improper. According to Neutrosophy, Schrodinger equation and Dirac equation have three situations of truth, falsehood and indeterminacy respectively. Three reasons lead to Schrodinger equation and Dirac equation are improper: firstly, they are not derived by the principle of conservation of energy; secondly, the random (stochastic) concept could lead to absurd results; thirdly, they cannot solve many problems such as gravitation. Applying "partial and temporary unified theory of natural science so far" including all the equations of natural science so far (in which, the theory of everything to express all of natural laws, described by Hawking that a single equation could be written on a T-shirt, is partially and temporarily realized in the form of "partial and temporary unified variational principle of natural science so far"), this paper presents "partial and temporary unified theory of quantum mechanics so far", this unified theory can be used to make Schrodinger equation and Dirac equation tend to be proper (making Schrodinger equation and Dirac equation are restricted (or constrained) by principle of conservation of energy, and thus they can satisfy the principle of conservation of energy; also making they are restricted (or constrained) by a certain gravitational theory, and establish "partial and temporary unified theory of quantum-gravitation so far").
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[128] viXra:1504.0240 [pdf] submitted on 2015-04-29 19:28:50

Right and Wrong in the Conduct of Science

Authors: Mukunda P. Das, Frederick Green
Comments: 13 Pages. Presented by MPD at the International Conference on Bounds of Ethics, Bangalore, Jan 6-9, 2014.

Science, in particular physics, is a collective enterprise; a fruit of the exquisitely social nature of human living. So it is inevitable to encounter ethical issues in the natural sciences, since the contest of differing interests and views is perennial in its practice, indeed essential to its momentum. The crucial ethical question always hangs in the air: How is the truth best served? This is a very limited imperative for science to follow, excluding as it does most questions of meaning and valuation. For example, in science one does not normally ask: Why is the truth to be served? In this paper we describe some ethical aspects of our own discipline of science: their cultural context and the bounds which they delineate for themselves, sometimes in transgression. We argue that the minimalist ethic espoused in science, namely loyalty to truth, is a bellwether for the much wider, more problematic, and more vital consequences of ethics – and its failure – in human relationships at large.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[127] viXra:1504.0142 [pdf] submitted on 2015-04-18 17:06:16

Simplicity is a Result of Equilibrium, and Seeking Simplicity is a Human Specific Preference

Authors: R.J. Tang
Comments: 2 Pages.

Simplicity is that a relative few theories and mathematical models can explain a number of phenomena. While complexity is the opposite where there seems to be an unending need to invent new theories. By this definition, physics and astronomy are in the former camp and social science and biology belong to the latter. Why is the universe is even understandable? This itself is hard to understand according to Einstein. I propose a line of reasoning here. Simplicity is a result of long term evolution in a close system. The resulting equilibrium gives rise to simplicity. The infinite possibilities of any member of the system have been largely reduced to a highly confined options. Most of the possibilities are prohibited due to forces that have long been cancelled out during the long evolution. Because of this simplicity, there appears to be causal effect. In other words, causal effect is a direct product of simplicity. Take our universe as an example, the universe is in equilibrium by and large. Only a handful forces remain. Because there are relatively few forces and laws, the universe appears to be orderly and thereby allows mathematics to even exist and work. Mathematics owes its existence to the equilibrium of the universe. Equilibrium brings orderliness and slowness to change. Just imagine, if one puts one stone by another stone, and because the stones decay so fast, by the end of this action of moving them together, one counts zero stone. The law of addition will be forever different from what we know today. In this sense, math and physics have ‘this worldliness’ feature, and is a localized knowledge to this universe at this phase of equilibrium. It could be vastly different in other possible states of the universe or other universes. A corollary is that the rules governing a simple universe is discoverable and free of controversy. The simplistic nature of the rules make it hard to miss the mark, so to speak. Once the framework of the rules is tested true over numerous times, what’s left is refining of the details. Contradiction between the rules and the reality should be worked away over the time. This is good news to scientists because it solves the age old anxiety of finding all theories are invalid one morning. One notable exception to the simplicity in universe is the complexity in bio-sphere. Because the bio-sphere is inherently expansive and interactive, we cannot reduce the theories to a few laws and mathematics models. The bio-sphere is NOT an equilibrium system. Therefore it is very hard to apply causal effect to explain human society for instance. It is very hard to generalize theories or apply mathematics in bio-sphere or human society, as we are able to in cosmology. Humans’ brain is wired to understand simple things and not complex things. We seek patterns and generalize. This skill helps tremendously in our evolutionary past. For instance, our eyes are adept in figuring out patterns like straight lines. Our eyes are especially good at spotting moving object in a static background. The predisposition to seek simplicity gave humans survival advantage in its evolutionary history. We appreciate simplicity over complexity. Humans process limited computational power. It is most efficient to apply the limited resource to a fast algorithm. The design principal of the fast algorithm is simplicity. There is an aesthetic side from human eyes for simplicity, whether be a new physics theory or a design of a gadget. The propensity of seeking simplicity is a very human specific trait, and has nothing to do with the reality whether the world is simple or complex. The coincidence of the simplicity of the universe and human’s preference of simplicity is fortunate and fruitful. Specifically in the math and physics the coincidence yielded amazing results. There is no reason to doubt that more amazing discoveries will surface in the future. However, a grain of salt must be added so that we are conscious that there is less mysterious processes or agent involved in the coincidence. This article hopefully explained why. In fact, if we are blindly led by our pursuit of simplicity, we might fall into traps of naturally complex traps. For instance, any attempt to gain simplistic insight into a complex system is not a good idea. Our brain comes into my mind as an example of complex system. There are so many facets to this simple object that no one can claim a brain can be modeled with a finite number of rules. However, the simplicity on the surface for the natural world might be just a disguise of a chaotic and unpredictable reality. The equilibrium masks over much of the chaos and most noises or complex nuisances cancel each other out. What’s left is the poetic simplicity skin. Underneath the skin, things might not be that smooth, or elegant or simple after all. It is a possibility. We probably are able to see some hints as we get more refined data, better models and more powerful observation tools. Another aspect of the simplicity is that it indicates the death process of the universe toward infinite entropy. Based on the second law of thermal dynamics, our universe is slipping into this final death of maximum entropy. An accompanying result of this process is that the universe becomes simpler and simpler. Imagine a universe where homogeneity rules and any imaginable infinitesimal particles and forces are distributed absolutely uniformly and cannot be changed a bit. This would be the simplest state and requires the simplest mathematics or physics. If we are slipping in that direction, which I think we are, then we should not be surprised that the physics laws in describing the universe is becoming simpler. Our current simplistic physical forces and laws are hinting that.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[126] viXra:1504.0095 [pdf] submitted on 2015-04-12 07:25:47

Using the Computational Capacity of Stationary Satellites and the Space Station

Authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi
Comments: 3 Pages.

Explaining a practical use of the gravitational shield in the deflection of large bodies.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[125] viXra:1504.0066 [pdf] submitted on 2015-04-08 23:17:22

Physics That May Be Realistic

Authors: George Kirakosyan
Comments: 10 Pages. (Revised version of early publication under: DOI: 10.13140/2.1.4446.0487)

The deadlock in physics is explained due to moral-epistemological aspects of basic principles and adopted methodology. A way out of crisis is suggested. It has shown that the long-term infertility of physical science is not due to technical difficulties (limited opportunities of mathematics, insufficient experimental means, etc.) as it is usually represented. However, the crisis in physics has arisen due to arbitrary, non-critical interpretation of key facts and with imposed speculative-artificial instructions. Building a harmonious and self-consistent physics becomes an implementable task with returning to cause-effect, conceptual representation of phenomena and to naturally analytical methodology
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[124] viXra:1503.0165 [pdf] submitted on 2015-03-22 16:56:32

A Letter to Nasa and Others Space Agencies in the World

Authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi
Comments: 4 Pages. In portuguese and english.

A brave and humble letter to the space agencies that protect us, talking about the deflection program and the likely nature of gravity. - x - Uma corajosa e humilde carta às agências espaciais que nos protegem, falando sobre o programa de deflexão e da provável natureza da gravidade.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[123] viXra:1503.0149 [pdf] submitted on 2015-03-19 01:24:22

Why Scientists Hate Philosophers

Authors: Thomas Xavier
Comments: 16 Pages.

The essay is concerned with describing the actual and ideal relationships between philosophy and science. Both science and philosophy are considered in their most general understanding. The content of the essay is almost exclusively original research and the only references it contains are common facts or ideas ascribed to their respective authors.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[122] viXra:1503.0103 [pdf] submitted on 2015-03-13 08:33:38

Consistent Faith of a Physicist: God's Grace Within Physics

Authors: Dmitri Martila
Comments: 6 Pages.

Without forcing to accept my points, I present the glim of my consistent faith to the scientific community of orthodox believers. Because I stay within the dogmas of the Orthodox Christian Church, I suggest to read the text without criticism. It is simply the beautiful and meaningful picture of my personal world. Please enjoy it.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[121] viXra:1502.0229 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-25 16:34:34

Seeking Truth Using Different Methods

Authors: Roger Schlafly
Comments: 10 Pages. Submitted to the 2015 FQXi essay contest.

Mathematics and physics are entirely different subjects, both in their methodology and results. The differences are illustrated with how they view randomness, enumeration, and truth. In physics, randomness can be an unknown, an observational error, an unpredictable event, or a quantum mystery. In math it is just part of probability theory. Mathematics has subtle properties of infinities that physics does not directly observe. Logical positivism is a philosophy that explains how mathematics and physics search for truth in different ways, but it has been rejected by modern philosophers, leaving them with deeply flawed views of what math and physics are all about.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[120] viXra:1502.0103 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-14 04:04:51

Restoring Physical Realism

Authors: Dirk. J. Pons, Arion. D. Pons, Aiden. J. Pons
Comments: 9 Pages.

Problem - Many attempts have been made, starting from Quantum mechanics (QM), to prove the non-viability of hidden-variable (HV) solutions, and to justify the unnaturalness of QM explanations over physical realism. In particular, Colbeck & Renner (C&R) (2011) claimed to prove that no extension of quantum theory can exist with better predictive power than quantum mechanics itself. This implies that QM is an ideal theory, and that physical realism should be abandoned. Purpose - This paper critiques this proof. Approach - Logical considerations are used to examine the premises in the proof. Findings - The C&R proof is show to be capable of entirely the opposite interpretation that its authors intended, namely that a new deeper physics may exist based on physical realism, but that it will definitely not be quantum theory or even an extension thereof. Also, the proof is falsified by presenting a viable theory of internal structures (hidden-variable solution) with demonstrably better ontological explanatory power than QM. Implications - QM is interpreted as an approximate stochastic representation of a deeper dynamic behaviour at the finer scale. Originality - This work predicts that physical realism still applies, and that hidden-variable solutions still have vitality as the way forward for fundamental physics.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[119] viXra:1501.0167 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-16 07:42:07

On Some Significant Questions of Physics

Authors: José Francisco García Juliá
Comments: 3 Pages.

I give my opinion on the relativity, cosmological redshift, Big Bang, gravity, quantum mechanics and field theory.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[118] viXra:1501.0114 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-10 11:04:11

A Metaphorical Chart of Our Mathematical Ontology

Authors: Philip Gibbs
Comments: 10 Pages. FQXi essay contest entry 2015

This is my vision of the relationship between mathematics and physics based on my observations on the nature of physical laws and mathematical structures. I use mainstream ideas from quantum gravity such as string theory, holography, the landscape and loop quantum gravity as a base for my reasoning. In addition I bring together more speculative ideas such as the Mathematical Universe Hypothesis, multiple quantisation, universality, iterated integration maps and complete symmetry. In my view these clues come together into a consistent whole where a structure from higher category theory is the central piece from which all else stems. The future of fundamental physics is going to be much more challenging than the past on both the experimental and theoretical sides and these meta-physical structures need to be understood to guide us towards the more specific physical laws which rule our universe. On a more philosophical level they can provide an explanation for why we exist and why the laws of physics are so steeped in mathematical abstraction.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[117] viXra:1412.0215 [pdf] submitted on 2014-12-21 20:55:19

Bad Physics And How Not To Do It

Authors: Michael J. Burns
Comments: 6 Pages.

This is a presentation style outline of some of my criticisms of the state of academic physics. It is more concrete, and it has a few specific explanations and diagrams.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[116] viXra:1412.0179 [pdf] submitted on 2014-12-15 04:04:18

Cosmical Immergence

Authors: Francis M. Sanchez
Comments: 2 Pages.

It is shown how the Occam Razor favors the one-parameter Coherent Cosmology against the 6-parameters L-CDM model, exhibating dramatic faults in the development of Modern Cosmology. This confirms that the Cosmical Immergence which deduce the atomic dimension from cosmical elementary calculation must be taken seriously. The universality of Intellighent Life follows immediatly.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[115] viXra:1412.0141 [pdf] submitted on 2014-12-08 05:42:35

The Deflection of Light by the Sun. The Einstein's Calculation in 1916

Authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi
Comments: Pages.

Einstein's calculation in 1916 of the deflection of light by the Sun and experimental suggestions.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[114] viXra:1410.0057 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-12 11:37:20

A Zero-Point Energy Inclusive Principle of Conservation of Energy Consistent with Zero Net Energy in the Universe

Authors: Ray Fleming
Comments: 6 Pages.

The common statement of the principle of conservation of energy fails to take into account the energy of the vacuum, the zero-point energy. What happens for example when a body of matter displaces the local vacuum and reduces the local zero-point energy? In a prior paper the author determined that the mass-energy of electron and proton is equivalent to the zero-point energy they displace.1 This opens up the intriguing possibility that the principle of conservation of energy should be restated, the total amount of energy including zero-point energy is constant. This paper will include investigations of how different forms of energy can be seen as a displacement of zero-point energy thus confirming the modified principle of conservation of energy. This principle of conservation of energy can also be stated as; the net energy of space is always zero after the baseline zero-point energy is subtracted. In terms of classical forms of energy, there is no net energy in the universe. That leads to the interesting observation that there is no energy beyond the ever-present zero-point energy and thus no problem with regard to the origin of energy.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[113] viXra:1409.0020 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-03 15:40:43

The Concept of Mass as Interfering Photons

Authors: DT Froedge
Comments: 9 Pages. On teaching the concept of the equivalence of mass and energy.

For most purposes in physics the concept of mass particles and photons are treated as though they are completely separate and distinct entities having little connection accept through collision interactions. This paper explores the concept of a mass particle being viewed as a pair of trapped photons in a mass-less box demonstrating proper relativistic dynamics and Lorentz covariance. The mechanism of trapping of the photons in the particle is not mechanically apparent; however the lack of sufficient spin to properly define a photon would be a containment factor. Although this presentation is primarily focused on electrons, presumably it would be applicable to any particle with primary constituents consisting of particles that travel at light speed along null vectors. This is the perfect way to teach the concept of the equivalence of mass and energy, and why mass velocity cannot exceed the speed of light.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[112] viXra:1408.0170 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-26 06:11:45

Note on Accounting for the Secular Variations of the Orbits of Venus and Mercury, by Simon Newcomb (1895)

Authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi
Comments: 2 Pages.

An essay: annotated translation of the "NOTE ON ACCOUNTING FOR THE SECULAR VARIATIONS OF THE ORBITS OF VENUS AND MERCURY", by SIMON NEWCOMB (1895).
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[111] viXra:1408.0073 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-12 14:37:04

Les Théories électriques de J. Clerk Maxwell: Étude Historique et Critique (1902)

Authors: Pierre Maurice Marie Duhem
Comments: 212 Pages. French

re-typeset edition of:
Duhem, Pierre Maurice Marie. Les théories électriques de J. Clerk Maxwell: Étude historique et critique. Paris: A. Hermann, 1902. https://archive.org/details/lesthoriesle00duheuoft .
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[110] viXra:1408.0021 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-05 08:54:48

Anthropocentrism of the Physical Universe

Authors: Thierry Delort
Comments: 5 Pages.

It is interesting to answer to the question: What are the most important, the most general Principles in physics? Considering the importance of the Theory of Relativity and of Quantum physics, we could guess that the main Principles of those theories are also the most important in physics. But we will propose a new principle, called Principle of Anthropocentrism in Physics (PAS), that appears to be more important. Indeed we will see how all fields of physics appear to be consequences of the PAS. We then will show that an analysis of the most important Principles of physics leads to the conclusion that Universe is anthropocentric, and also that the apparition of human being was programmed since the beginning of the Universe, 15 billion years before the apparition of mankind. To end we will see the implications of the anthropocentrism of the Universe, in life science and in astrophysics.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[109] viXra:1407.0221 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-30 22:02:52

Is it Possible to Apply Godel's Incompleteness Theorem to Scientific Theories?

Authors: Victor Christianto
Comments: 4 Pages. This article has not been submitted to any journal. Your comments are welcome.

Godel's incompleteness theorem is normally applied to mathematics. But i just found an article by Michael Goodband who argues that GIT can also be applied to scientific theories, see http://www.mjgoodband.co.uk/papers/Godel-science-theory.pdf. My own idea can be expressed generally as follows: any theory boils down to an exposition of a statement/proposition. According to GIT, in any theory there is at least one statement which is unprovable, and therefore any theory can be considered as incomplete or has indeterminacy. One implication of this deduction is that any theory should be made falsifiable (Popper), and also perhaps we can use conditional Bayesian probability to describe acceptance of a theory.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[108] viXra:1407.0179 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-23 19:48:25

Is Bayesian Epistemology a Better Alternative to Popperian Falsifiability?

Authors: Victor Christianto
Comments: 10 Pages. This article has not been published in any journal.

According to a site (see http://psychology.wikia.com/wiki/falsifiability), there are many people who reject Popperian falsifiability, such as Paul Feyerabend and Alan Sokal. There is another two-fold critique on falsificationism by Shockley, see http://pk.b5z.net/i/u/2167316/i/A_Critique_of_Falsificationism_by_Karl_Popper.pdf
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[107] viXra:1407.0178 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-23 19:49:45

Who Can Explain the Process of Scientific Change Better: Popper, Kuhn, Lakatos, or Feyerabend?

Authors: Victor Christianto
Comments: 2 Pages. This article has not been published in any journal.

As we know, for Popper scientific change can be explained rationally. For Kuhn, scientific change is caused by psychology of discovery which sometimes it cannot be explained rationally. For Lakatos, most scientific endeavors nowadays are governed by research programs, which cannot be falsified. See for example: http://www.inf.fu-berlin.de/lehre/pmo/eng/Lakatos-Falsification.pdf And for Feyerabend, there is no specific method which can be used to explain scientific change. Anything is possible. They are four leading philosophers who seem to me represent major ideas on modern scientific change. So, who can explain the process of scientific change better among them?
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[106] viXra:1407.0064 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-09 11:24:32

Is Time Travel Really Possible?

Authors: Rahul Garg
Comments: 4 Pages. Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International.

Time travel is just a hyped fiction which everyone believes is possible. In this paper, I show how time travel is very different from time dilation and we should not get confused between them. Although time dilation is possible, time travel is an entirely different thing and we misinterpret it.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[105] viXra:1407.0062 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-09 00:02:23

Why Base 60

Authors: John Frederic Sweeney
Comments: 24 Pages.

Base 60 mathematics offers convenience for life on a spherical globe, yet why has humanity continued to use a time system based on the sexagesmial system? In our combinatorial universe, Time is controlled by the number 60, which is the reason why the ancients based time – keeping systems on this number. Goodbye, Minkowski Time!
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[104] viXra:1405.0328 [pdf] submitted on 2014-05-27 11:40:03

The Whole and Parts

Authors: Branko Zivlak
Comments: 9 Pages. 4 formulas

This article is an attempt to make a philosophical foundation for my viXra articles, through the statements of other viXra authors from the section "History and Philosophy of Physics".
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[103] viXra:1405.0308 [pdf] submitted on 2014-05-25 01:51:26

Who is Right?

Authors: Lubomir Vlcek
Comments: 3 Pages. Status: With editors in Physical Review Letters

Through the work of Max Planck, Albert Einstein, Louis de Broglie, Arthur Compton, Niels Bohr, and many others, current scientific theory holds that all particles also have a wave nature (and vice versa).[1] This phenomenon has been verified not only for elementary particles, but also for compound particles like atoms and even molecules. For macroscopic particles, because of their extremely short wavelengths, wave properties usually cannot be detected.[2] Wave–particle duality is an ongoing conundrum in modern physics. Most physicists accept wave-particle duality as the best explanation for a broad range of observed phenomena; however, it is not without controversy.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[102] viXra:1405.0244 [pdf] submitted on 2014-05-14 20:49:18

In Search of Reality

Authors: Robert T Longo
Comments: 29 Pages.

In this paper I will discuss the underlying philosophy of physics. A new definition of observer is presented, then the meaning of two words, existence and reality, will be re-examined. With changes made for these three items a new philosophy emerges that allows an examination of the concepts of cause and effect, time, space and how mathematics enters into physics. The new philosophy suggests a structure of the universe that indicates both an understanding of the double slit experiment and a new approach to the quantization and root cause of gravitation.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[101] viXra:1405.0240 [pdf] submitted on 2014-05-14 06:35:48

Gravity the Inertia of the World

Authors: Fursa E.Ja.
Comments: 22 Pages.

Mass as a characteristic of such qualities of the body as the gravity and inertia is not an intrinsic property of the body itself. Mass as a physical quantity determines and serves as measure of such properties as a inertial force (and gravity), arising in the bodies in response to the acceleration of their movements, essentially it is a reaction of bogies on the external influence, characterizing the degree of the physical connectedness of the our World, at different levels of its organization. Mass is the induced property which arises in response to acceleration of the body and retained in the body owing to acceleration and is changed with acceleration. The nature of this phenomenon, i.e. the gravitational and inertial masses, is one and indivisible is concluded to in the general (universal) connectedness of our world as a single global process of Creation and the reason is the acceleration of bodies in a system of bodies associated with the accelerated motion (divergence) of galaxies. The whole world has inertia with respect to the motion of time. World time is absolute inertial frame throughout our universe. Life and evolution are required to the acceleration in the inertial frame of reference (IFR) associated with world time. The phenomenon of "life" is a continuous struggle for time. In order to live, we should uninterruptedly to borrow time in loan from the Universe. We are changing energy in exchange for a time, and we are alive until we are spending the energy.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[100] viXra:1404.0399 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-17 00:57:28

The Future is the Past

Authors: Roger Schlafly
Comments: 10 Pages. Submitted to the 2014 FQXi essay contest.

Modern physics has come to conclusions about time, causality, and reality that have outpaced our language and intuitions. The idea that humanity should steer the future is a cognitive prejudice, based on an ancient misperception of time. Modern physics has brought us a new fatalism about the future, and more reason to focus on the past. The consequence is that there is no future to steer, and humanity is not what we expect.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[99] viXra:1404.0151 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-16 02:40:57

Future Free Energy of New Physics Ball Lightning Black Holes, the Origin of a Super Social Society or the Opposite?

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 11 Pages. 11

The exhaustion of earth’s resources, the criminal financial system, consumerism, overpopulation, poverty, corporate and personal greed, have brought the earth in great danger. The only way out, seems to be a dramatic but radical change of all these subjects. However what radical change, should save us and prevent chaos and a third world war? My only guess is Free Zero Point Electric Energy (ZPEE) Vacuum Energy by New Physics, based on Birkeland/ Alfven electric currents found around the earth and galaxies, adapted to local/ regional scales of use. As a consequence all physics intelligence power and finance should be much more focussed on so called “Energetic Blind Spots” in physics and astronomy on local and universal scale. Examples: A: There is still no serious world wide coordinated research on Ball Lightning and Earth bound micro Comets going on! B: Physicists are still guessing about the real origin of the magnetic power of Sunspots! C: The energetic origin of Comets is a mystery, though the research on Comets is taken more serious in the last years. Secondly we have to think about new political structures to be able to change the base of world scale ZPEE electricity based food production techniques, earning models and law, to create a democratic Sustainable SUPER SOCIAL SOCIETY.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[98] viXra:1404.0118 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-13 17:02:01

The Inverse Anthropic Principle

Authors: F.M. Sanchez
Comments: 2 Pages.

Heavy scientific faults, including the Primordial Big Bang, are shown to be at the origin of the Anthropic Principle. Direct bio-physics relations favor rather an Inverse Anthropic Principle, implying universality of Intelligent Life.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[97] viXra:1404.0048 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-07 05:23:54

Correcting Five Historic Faults in Modern Cosmology

Authors: F.M. Sanchez
Comments: 2 Pages.

The modern cosmology fundators have commit five dramatic deviations from scientific traditionnal methods, leading to a general crash of the current reductionist scientific system. The corrections of theses deviations lead to a Coherence Principle, ruling a simple galilean one-parameter cosmology rehabilitating Eddington's Fundamental Theory without primordial Big Bang, and abandon of reductionism. This unifies scientific domains, and introduces an Inverted Anthropic Principle.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[96] viXra:1403.0178 [pdf] submitted on 2014-03-14 02:15:49

Cosmos 2014 Bruno Llull E8 Physics

Authors: Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr
Comments: 11 Pages.

Cosmos (2014) with Neil deGrasse Tyson discusses Giordano Bruno's MultiVerse. David Deutch defines the MultiVerse in terms of SnapShots that are equivalent to Cl(16) E8 Local Lagrangian Regions that can be combined by completing the union of all tensor products of all copies of Cl(16) for such E8 Local Lagrangian SnapShot Regions to produce a generalization of the Hyperfinite II1 von Neumann factor that is a realistic Algebraic Quantum Field Theory for E8 Physics. Ramon Llull's 13th Century Quaternary Phase Art gives a remarkably detailed picture of the Structure of E8 Physics. In the 16th Century Giordano Bruno had access only to Llull's Ternary Art which was far less detailed than the earlier Quaternary Art, but even so was able to see that Llull's Art was, as Anthony Bonner said, "… a way to explore the connections among his infinity of worlds …", a way that can now in the 21st Century be seen to be consistent with the realistic E8 Physics model.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

Replacements of recent Submissions

[56] viXra:1609.0422 [pdf] replaced on 2016-10-11 10:11:21

Geometric Clifford Algebra and Quantum Interpretation of the Proton's Anomalous Magnetic Moment (poster)

Authors: Michaele Suisse, Peter Cameron
Comments: 1 Page. v1 of this poster was presented to the 22nd International Spin Symposium, Urbana-Champaign (2016)

The role of the anomalous moment in the geometric algebra of proton topological mass generation suggests that the anomaly is not an intrinsic property of the free space proton, but rather a topological effect of applying the electromagnetic bias field required to define the eigenstates probed by the magnetic moment measurement. Quantum interpretations strive to explain emergence of the world we observe from formal quantum theory. This variant on the canonical measurement problem is examined in the larger context of quantum interpretations. A more detailed presentation of this content may be found here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uyM4cZgSprI
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[55] viXra:1608.0247 [pdf] replaced on 2016-09-15 10:26:56

Spaces and Velocities

Authors: Tamas Lajtner
Comments: 7 Pages.

Space is what matter uses as space. Space is not dependent on its texture. It can be made out of matter or non-matter. Time is one characteristic of the given space. Using this new approach, we can find substantial spaces that exist in reality, but we have never considered these as spaces. In these spaces the faster-than-light communication is reality. This paper is based on space-matter theory, but it can be understood without knowing this. Space-matter theory describes how space and matter create time. So matter that appears as space appears as time, too. This conclusion is very new, but it is an important part of the space-matter theory.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[54] viXra:1608.0132 [pdf] replaced on 2016-08-20 18:34:34

An Examination of Measurement Relevant to Entanglement and Ontology: Answers to Some Long Standing Questions.

Authors: Georgina Woodward
Comments: 20 Pages.

This paper is about how measurement has been misunderstood and that has led onto further misunderstanding. It has given the impression of ‘spooky action at a distance’ and made it seem that Bell’s inequalities argument supporting that must be correct. An argument is presented here, considering whether some measurements are not informing about the pre-existing properties of particles; but rather provoking responses that are providing the measurement outcomes. The mathematically impossible predictions for quantum experiments when pre-existing properties are assumed is looked at, while provocations are considered. That is, with regard to different orientations of response being of non-equivalent type and therefore not justifiably, added and subtracted; calling into question the applicability of Bell’s inequalities. Different categories of measurement are given. Entanglement is discussed in the light of the previous measurement arguments. Concluding that entanglement is due to symmetry, shown in same first measurement outcomes fitting predictions. There is refutation of faster than light communication, as a measurement is a response to the provocation supplied by the apparatus, not a preexisting property that has come into being upon first partner measurement. An ontological background for QM, relativity and perception is mentioned and reference made to the RICP explanatory framework. The Harry Beck London underground ‘Tube’ map is used in an argument that high predictive power does not necessarily equate to complete correspondence with underlying reality, only an aspect or some aspects of it.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[53] viXra:1607.0377 [pdf] replaced on 2016-07-24 07:02:05

Gravitational Wave Miracles?

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 2 Pages. One reference added and text expanded.

The idea of gravitational wave (GW), suggested by Albert Einstein in 1916, still poses outstanding challenges, which have to be resolved by the theoretical physics community as soon as possible.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[52] viXra:1607.0144 [pdf] replaced on 2016-08-12 09:53:15

A New Model of Physics

Authors: Ratikanta Das
Comments: 13 pages

Abstract: Our new model supports an alternate cosmology quite different from the hypothesis of expanding universe with big bang origin. Everyone will be surprised to know that theories and equations obtained from this new cosmology are able to give simple explanations of many puzzles of physics such as: internal structure of fundamental particle, origin of mass, origin of charge, origin of strong force, wave- particle duality of matter and radiation and some others. Our new model stands on classical mechanics, but it supports quantum mechanics by deriving Schrödinger equation and de Broglie hypothesis. The model also describes a 4D classical technique (named as spiral transformation) for conversion of radiation into matter and vice versa. According to this model, particle-antiparticle pair are created when our flat three dimensional (3D) universe; which is supposed to be a grand 3D hyper spherical surface separating two super grand 4D worlds on either side; is deformed locally into two sides forming two 4D structures. The model also gives an expression for unified Coulomb and strong force.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[51] viXra:1605.0204 [pdf] replaced on 2016-05-23 04:00:49

Who Will be the Next Albert Einstein?

Authors: J.A.Q. Abanto
Comments: 5 Pages.

Even Einstein will have a hard time answering the question posed above but perhaps History can. Will history repeats itself? If it does, can we guess who might be the next Albert Einstein? When Einstein made his startling discovery of unifying Maxwell Theory and Newton's Theory, he was an unknown and struggling physicist. A solitary investigator of nature. Will the next great unifyer will be like Albert Einstein, who, as of today, is still unknown to the Physics world? In this study, we enumerate the scientific climate during the time of Einstein and some historical facts about him before his famous "\emph{Annus Mirabilis}" and relate it to whom might possibly be the next Einstein who will discover the next great unification. We also consider the famous clich$\acute{e}$ that, any bright high school student who stumble upon Einstein's two Special Relativity postulates and happens to know advance high school algebra will inevitably discover Einstein's Theory. Here, we consider on how can any bright college student who happens to know the postulates of General Theory of Relativity can generalized it with little knowledge on advance college Calculus and how it will inevitably lead in finding the next great Unification Theory in Physics.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[50] viXra:1603.0126 [pdf] replaced on 2016-06-01 06:18:15

Timeflow in Cosmic Microwave Background

Authors: Dwayne Huang
Comments: 7 Pages.

By some simple innate logics and simple geometries change, it reproduces Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) and the change process of CMB that is surrounding a point.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[49] viXra:1603.0126 [pdf] replaced on 2016-03-14 05:41:09

The Universe in Absolute Time 0

Authors: Dwayne Huang
Comments: 19 Pages.

There is a model of universe in absolute time 0. Adjust curvature of figure-The universe in absolute time 0, it extremely alarming similar with CMB (Fluctuations in the Cosmic Microwave Background).
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[48] viXra:1602.0119 [pdf] replaced on 2016-09-20 06:09:17

An Opinion on Some Significant Questions of Physics

Authors: José Francisco García Juliá
Comments: 3 Pages.

I give my opinion on the relativity, cosmological redshift, Big Bang, gravity, quantum mechanics and field theory.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[47] viXra:1510.0062 [pdf] replaced on 2015-10-27 10:57:53

Is the Light Velocity Constant?

Authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi
Comments: 6 Pages.

The pretension in this paper is to question the constancy of light velocity.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[46] viXra:1510.0062 [pdf] replaced on 2015-10-21 09:51:13

Is the Light Velocity Constant?

Authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi
Comments: 6 Pages.

The pretension in this paper is to question the constancy of light velocity.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[45] viXra:1509.0131 [pdf] replaced on 2016-04-05 06:05:44

Holism and the Geometrization and Unification of Fundamental Physical Interactions (An Essay on Philosophy of Physics)

Authors: Marek Wojciech Kalinowski
Comments: 233 Pages.

We are looking for a paradigm of modern physics and this essay is devoted to this problem. Thus in the essay we consider very important problems of philosophy of physics: a unification and a geometrization of fundamental physical interactions and holism. We are looking for holistic approaches in many different domains of physics. Simultaneously we look for some holistic approaches in the history of philosophy and compare them to approaches in physics. We consider a unification and a geometrization of physical interac- tions in contemporary physics in order to find some connections with many philosophical approaches known in the history of philosophy. In this way we want to connect humanity to natural sciences, i.e. physics. In the his- tory of philosophy there are several basic principles, so-called “arche”. Our conclusion is that a contemporary “arche” is geometry as in the Einstein programme connected to a holistic approach. In our meaning geometry as “arche” of physics will be a leading idea in a fundamental physics. Physics itself will be a leading force in philosophy of science and philosophy itself. Cultural quasi-reality (in R. Ingarden’s meaning) and also biology, medicine and social sciences will be influenced by physics. In this way a cultural quasi-reality will be closer to physical reality.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[44] viXra:1509.0131 [pdf] replaced on 2015-11-27 14:59:41

Holism and the Geometrization and Unification of Fundamental Physical Interactions (An Essay on Philosophy of Physics)

Authors: Marek Wojciech Kalinowski
Comments: some important extensions (on 10 pages),1 figure

In the essay we consider very important problems of philosophy of physics: a unification and a geometrization of fundamental physical interactions and holism. We are looking for holistic approaches in many different domains of physics. Simultaneously we look for some holistic approaches in the history of philosophy and compare them to approaches in physics. We consider a unification and a geometrization of physical interactions in contemporary physics in order to find some connections with many philosophical approaches known in the history of philosophy. In this way we want to connect humanity to natural sciences, i.e. physics. In the history of philosophy there are several basic principles, so-called “arche”. Our conclusion is that a contemporary “arche” is geometry as in the Einstein programme connected to a holistic approach. In our meaning geometry as “arche” of physics will be a leading idea in a fundamental physics. Physics itself will be a leading force in philosophy of science and philosophy itself. Cultural quasi-reality (in R. Ingarden’s meaning) and also biology, medicine and social sciences will be influenced by physics. In this way a cultural quasi-reality will be closer to a physical reality.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[43] viXra:1508.0098 [pdf] replaced on 2015-08-13 23:58:00

Generalized Bohr’s Principle of Complementarity.

Authors: Klimets Alexander
Comments: 15 Pages.

We show that Bohr's complementarity principle can be generalized to all the phenomena of reality. The generalized principle of complementarity Bohr can be formulated as follows: the rational side of reality and conjugate irrational side of reality are complementary to each other. This raises the question of relations between science and mysticism.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[42] viXra:1508.0068 [pdf] replaced on 2015-09-23 09:59:38

Science Emerging from the Upanishads (Revised and Enlarged)

Authors: Hasmukh K. Tank
Comments: 19 Pages. Final Version of the paper

Is the standard model of fundamental-particles, with six quarks, leptons, photons and force carriers….., final? Or there is something beyond it? And, how to accommodate our direct experience of ‘consciousness’ in Physics? As an attempt to seek answers to these questions, an alternative view emerging from the ancient spiritual scriptures, namely Upanishads, is presented here for consideration of scientists. All the five Upanishads suggest that the most fundamental substance of the universe is not only physically real, but it is also capable of being aware of itself. This fundamental real substance is eternally ever-present in time and all-pervading in space. The fundamental particles of ‘matter’ are different patterns of vibrations or fluctuations of it. Depending upon the complexity of vibrations these patterns-of-vibrations subjectively feel them either in waking, dreaming or deep-sleep state.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[41] viXra:1508.0068 [pdf] replaced on 2015-08-11 05:33:52

Science Emerging from the Upanishads

Authors: Hasmukh K. Tank
Comments: Eight-page essay

Is the standard model of fundamental-particles, with six quarks, leptons, photons and force carriers….., final? Or there is something beyond it? And, how to accommodate our direct experience of ‘consciousness’ in Physics? As an attempt to seek answers to these questions, an alternative view emerging from the ancient spiritual scriptures, namely Upanishads, is presented here for consideration of scientists. All the five Upanishads suggest that the most fundamental substance of the universe is not only physically real, but it is also capable of being aware of itself. This fundamental real substance is eternally ever-present in time and all-pervading in space. The fundamental particles of ‘matter’ are different patterns of vibrations or fluctuations of it. Depending upon the complexity of vibrations these patterns-of-vibrations subjectively feel them either in waking, dreaming or deep-sleep state.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[40] viXra:1504.0095 [pdf] replaced on 2015-04-13 20:12:10

Using the Computational Capacity of Stationary Satellites and the Space Station

Authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi
Comments: 3 Pages.

Explaining a practical use of the gravitational shield in the deflection of large bodies.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[39] viXra:1503.0103 [pdf] replaced on 2015-03-16 13:42:20

Consistent Faith of a Physicist: God's Grace Within Physics

Authors: Dmitri Martila
Comments: 7 Pages.

Without forcing to accept my points, I present the glim of my consistent faith to the scientific community of orthodox believers. Because I stay within the dogmas of the Orthodox Christian Church, I suggest to read the text without criticism. It is simply the beautiful and meaningful picture of my personal world. Please enjoy it.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[38] viXra:1502.0103 [pdf] replaced on 2016-03-09 00:37:16

Entanglement Explained by Physical Realism

Authors: Dirk. J. Pons, Arion. D. Pons, Aiden. J. Pons
Comments: 17 Pages.

Problem: Several measurement effects, including superposition and entanglement, lack descriptive explanations though can be quantified by quantum mechanics (QM). Historical applications of the inequality method appear to favour QM and reject physical realism and hidden-variable (HV) solutions. In particular, Colbeck & Renner showed that no extension of quantum theory can exist with better predictive power than quantum mechanics itself. Purpose: This paper critiques the inequality method and the C&R proof. Approach: Logical considerations are used to examine the premises of the proofs. Findings: The analysis shows the inequalities are based on circular reasoning. They are premised on particles being zero-dimensional points, and then conclude that particles are incapable of having internal structure. The inequalities are falsified by showing that a non-local hidden-variable (NLHV) solution does exist to explain superposition and entanglement, without using quantum theory. In this new Cordus theory particles are proposed to have a specific internal structure. These structures provide the causality for behaviours including spin, polarisation, charge, frequency, matter-antimatter species differentiation, superposition, and entanglement. Originality: The ability to explain superposition and entanglement is especially relevant because it rebuts the C&R claim that it is ‘impossible’ that such a hidden-variable theory could exist. This is significant because these quantum phenomena have historically been considered to be only explainable with quantum mechanics.This shows that fundamental physics may be explained from the basis of physical realism after all. Implications: New physics based on NLHV principles can explain multiple phenomena, and suggests a way to better understand coherent phenomena.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[37] viXra:1501.0195 [pdf] replaced on 2015-02-04 18:51:52

Space and Time in the Fundamentals of General Relativity

Authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi
Comments: 11 Pages.

We examined the variations of space and time that occur under the influence of a gravitational field produced by a mass M, following the Foundations of General Relativity, by Einstein (1916). We conclude that when we use the conventional units for the speed of light resulting values are very different from those obtained by adopting the speed of light equal to 1, and that certainly could not be in agreement with the experimental values. The shortening of the rulers (scales) and slowness of the clocks would be much higher, because would no longer divided by the square of the speed of light.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[36] viXra:1501.0195 [pdf] replaced on 2015-01-26 05:28:21

Space and Time in the Fundamentals of General Relativity

Authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi
Comments: Pages.

Infelizmente terei que fazer nova versão deste artigo, seção 4, para que se ajuste ao fato de ser dx4' = 1/c dx4. Desculpas a todos que já acessaram este artigo. Os comentários sobre comprimentos de réguas e espaço devem estar corretos. Ao menos o artigo está na categoria History and Philosophy. Erros também fazem parte da História, todos sabemos. Obrigado. ---------- We examined the variations of space and time that occur under the influence of a gravitational field produced by a mass M, following the Foundations of General Relativity, by Einstein (1916). We conclude that when we use the conventional units for the speed of light resulting values are very different from those obtained by adopting the speed of light equal to 1, and that certainly could not be in agreement with the experimental values. The shortening of the rulers (scales) and slowness of the clocks would be much higher, because would no longer divided by the square of the speed of light.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[35] viXra:1411.0083 [pdf] replaced on 2014-11-17 04:08:18

The Deflection of Light by the Sun. Reviewing Its Values.

Authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi
Comments: 4 Pages.

Values of light deflection by the Sun and comments.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[34] viXra:1411.0083 [pdf] replaced on 2014-11-12 03:58:25

The Deflection of Light by the Sun. Reviewing Its Values.

Authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi
Comments: 4 Pages.

Values of light deflection by the Sun and comments.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[33] viXra:1411.0083 [pdf] replaced on 2014-11-11 03:53:12

The Deflection of Light by the Sun. Reviewing Your Values

Authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi
Comments: 4 Pages. Portuguese

The deflection of light by the Sun - Reviewing your values
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[32] viXra:1408.0170 [pdf] replaced on 2014-09-04 11:01:22

Note on Accounting for the Secular Variations of the Orbits of Venus and Mercury, by Simon Newcomb (1895)

Authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi
Comments: 2 Pages.

An essay: annotated translation of the "NOTE ON ACCOUNTING FOR THE SECULAR VARIATIONS OF THE ORBITS OF VENUS AND MERCURY", by SIMON NEWCOMB (1895).
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[31] viXra:1408.0170 [pdf] replaced on 2014-08-28 18:26:31

Note on Accounting for the Secular Variations of the Orbits of Venus and Mercury, by Simon Newcomb (1895)

Authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi
Comments: 2 Pages.

An essay: annotated translation of the "NOTE ON ACCOUNTING FOR THE SECULAR VARIATIONS OF THE ORBITS OF VENUS AND MERCURY", by SIMON NEWCOMB (1895).
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[30] viXra:1408.0109 [pdf] replaced on 2014-08-22 11:39:11

Historical Perspective on Energy Flow in Quantum Field Theory

Authors: Peter Cameron
Comments: Pages.

The absence of impedances from the Standard Model is most remarkable. Impedance is a fundamental concept, of universal validity. Impedances govern the flow of energy. In particular, the coupling of the photon to matter happens in the near field. The absence of the photon near-field impedance in photon-electron interactions is the most basic and profound example of this remarkable circumstance, sitting unnoticed in the foundation of quantum electrodynamics. One cannot obtain a complete understanding of such interactions without examining the role of impedances. How this essential principle escaped notice in the development of quantum field theory is outlined, and consequences of its inclusion in our present understanding are explored.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[29] viXra:1405.0244 [pdf] replaced on 2014-05-19 15:02:30

In Search of Reality

Authors: Robert T Longo
Comments: 20 Pages.

In this paper, I will discuss the underlying philosophy of physics. A new definition of observer is presented, then the meaning of two words, i.e., existence and reality, will be examined. With the changes made for these three items, a new philosophy emerges that allows an examination of the concepts of cause and effect, time, space, and the role of mathematics in physics. The new philosophy suggests a structure of the universe that indicates both an understanding of the double-slit experiment and a new approach to the quantization and root cause of gravitation.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[28] viXra:1405.0240 [pdf] replaced on 2014-05-14 09:45:24

Gravity the Inertia of the World

Authors: Fursa E.Ja.
Comments: 22 Pages.

Mass as a characteristic of such qualities of the body as the gravity and inertia is not an intrinsic property of the body itself. Mass as a physical quantity determines and serves as measure of such properties as a inertial force (and gravity), arising in the bodies in response to the acceleration of their movements, essentially it is a reaction of bogies on the external influence, characterizing the degree of the physical connectedness of the our World, at different levels of its organization. Mass is the induced property which arises in response to acceleration of the body and retained in the body owing to acceleration and is changed with acceleration. The nature of this phenomenon, i.e. the gravitational and inertial masses, is one and indivisible is concluded to in the general (universal) connectedness of our world as a single global process of Creation and the reason is the acceleration of bodies in a system of bodies associated with the accelerated motion (divergence) of galaxies. The whole world has inertia with respect to the motion of time. World time is absolute inertial frame throughout our universe. Life and evolution are required to the acceleration in the inertial frame of reference (IFR) associated with world time. The phenomenon of "life" is a continuous struggle for time. In order to live, we should uninterruptedly to borrow time in loan from the Universe. We are changing energy in exchange for a time, and we are alive until we are spending the energy.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[27] viXra:1404.0118 [pdf] replaced on 2015-01-12 18:18:48

The Inverse Anthropic Principle

Authors: Francis M. Sanchez
Comments: 2 Pages.

Heavy scientific faults, including the Primordial Big Bang, are shown to be at the origin of the Anthropic Principle. Direct bio-physics relations favor rather an Inverse Anthropic Principle, implying universality of Intelligent Life.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[26] viXra:1404.0048 [pdf] replaced on 2015-01-12 18:22:51

Correcting Five Historical Faults in Modern Cosmology

Authors: Francis M. Sanchez
Comments: 2 Pages.

The modern cosmology fundators have commited five dramatic deviations from scientific traditionnal methods, leading to a general crash of the current reductionist scientific system. The corrections of theses deviations lead to a Coherence Principle, ruling a simple galilean one-parameter cosmology rehabilitating Eddington's Fundamental Theory without primordial Big Bang, and abandon of reductionism. This unifies scientific domains, and introduces an Inverted Anthropic Principle.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[25] viXra:1404.0048 [pdf] replaced on 2014-04-07 11:45:11

Correcting Five Historic Faults in Modern Cosmology

Authors: F.M. Sanchez
Comments: 2 Pages.

The modern cosmology fundators have commited five dramatic deviations from scientific traditionnal methods, leading to a general crash of the current reductionist scientific system. The corrections of theses deviations lead to a Coherence Principle, ruling a simple galilean one-parameter cosmology rehabilitating Eddington's Fundamental Theory without primordial Big Bang, and abandon of reductionism. This unifies scientific domains, and introduces an Inverted Anthropic Principle.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[24] viXra:1403.0178 [pdf] replaced on 2014-05-16 14:30:57

Cosmos 2014 Bruno Llull E8 Physics

Authors: Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr
Comments: 17 Pages.

Cosmos (2014) with Neil deGrasse Tyson discusses Giordano Bruno's MultiVerse. David Deutch defines the MultiVerse in terms of SnapShots that are equivalent to Cl(16) E8 Local Lagrangian Regions that can be combined by completing the union of all tensor products of all copies of Cl(16) for such E8 Local Lagrangian SnapShot Regions to produce a generalization of the Hyperfinite II1 von Neumann factor that is a realistic Algebraic Quantum Field Theory for E8 Physics. Ramon Llull's 13th Century Quaternary Phase Art gives a remarkably detailed picture of the Structure of E8 Physics. In the 16th Century Giordano Bruno had access only to Llull's Ternary Art which was far less detailed than the earlier Quaternary Art, but even so was able to see that Llull's Art was, as Anthony Bonner said, "… a way to explore the connections among his infinity of worlds …", a way that can now in the 21st Century be seen to be consistent with the realistic E8 Physics model. V2 adds Vico, Joyce and Finnegans Wake
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics