# History and Philosophy of Physics

## 1002 Submissions

[2] **viXra:1002.0055 [pdf]**
*submitted on 25 Feb 2010*

### The Metaphysics of Physics

**Authors:** Constantinos Ragazas

**Comments:** 3 pages

The current physical view of the Universe (the Metaphysics of Physics) is one that just does
not make sense and is counter-intuitive to our Experience. It begins with the Quantization of
Energy Hypothesis used by Planck to derive his blackbody radiation formula and by Einstein to
explain the photoelectric effect, which later evolved into Quantum Mechanics. By examining
these conceptual foundations of Modern Physics we are able to show that the same experimental
facts that lead to Quantum Physics can be differently explained without using energy quanta,
continuously and not discretely. We are able to derive Planck's Law without using quanta and
explain the photoelectric effect without needing photons. We summarize in this paper results
presented in a series of papers that show with mathematical reasoning and rigor how this is
possible. The main purpose of this endeavor is to create a view of the Universe that 'makes
sense', that agrees with our Experience and provides physical meaning to our Understanding of it.

**Category:** History and Philosophy of Physics

[1] **viXra:1002.0012 [pdf]**
*submitted on 9 Feb 2010*

### The Interaction of Measurement

**Authors:** Constantinos Ragazas

**Comments:** 3 pages

What is measurement and what can it tell us about the quantity measured? Can we know a quantity
by measuring it? We mathematically demonstrate that the answer is no! We show how a continuous
quantity E(t) that grows exponentially can in our measurements of it be seen as discrete and
growing linearly. And if we further consider the practical limitations that render measurements
as 'approximations' only, then the quantity E(t) that we measure can be any integrable function
yet our measurements of it will still depict it as discrete and linear. Furthermore, and most
urprising, the 'interaction of measurement' will be described by Planck's Law, whether E(t) is
exponential or just integrable. Thus, we cannot know what the hidden quantity E(t) is by the
measurements of it.

**Category:** History and Philosophy of Physics