[5] **viXra:1902.0497 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-28 11:24:31*

**Authors:** Michael A. Sherbon

**Comments:** 7 Pages. Journal of Advances in Physics 14 (3):5758-64 (2018)

Research into ancient physical structures, some having been known as the seven wonders of the ancient world, inspired new developments in the early history of mathematics. At the other end of this spectrum of inquiry the research is concerned with the minimum of observations from physical data as exemplified by Eddington’s Principle. Current discussions of the interplay between physics and mathematics revive some of this early history of mathematics and offer insight into the fine-structure constant. Arthur Eddington’s work leads to a new calculation of the inverse fine-structure constant giving the same approximate value as ancient geometry combined with the golden ratio structure of the hydrogen atom. The hyperbolic function suggested by Alfred Landé leads to another result, involving the Laplace limit of Kepler’s equation, with the same approximate value and related to the aforementioned results. The accuracy of these results are consistent with the standard reference. Relationships between the four fundamental coupling constants are also found.

**Category:** History and Philosophy of Physics

[4] **viXra:1902.0469 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-27 20:47:44*

**Authors:** Tariq Khan

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

“…if complexity does underlie spatial volume in black holes, Susskind envisions consequences for our understanding of cosmology in general. "It's not only black hole interiors that grow with time. The space of cosmology grows with time," he said. "I think it's a very, very interesting question whether the cosmological growth of space is connected to the growth of some kind of complexity. And whether the cosmic clock, the evolution of the universe, is connected with the evolution of complexity. There, I don't know the answer.""
-- Interview with Dr. Leonard Susskind in Quanta Magazine, https://www.quantamagazine.org/why-black-hole-interiors-grow-forever-20181206

**Category:** History and Philosophy of Physics

[3] **viXra:1902.0095 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-06-17 08:43:34*

**Authors:** Alexandre Harvey-Tremblay

**Comments:** 89 Pages.

***DRAFT: Please note that this paper is a draft. It’s purpose is to help me collect my thought and to facilitate informal discussion about the ideas presented herein. This draft remains accessible to facilitate this conversation. For production quality publications, please instead refer to my latest research on a) geometric thermodynamic and b) axiomatic science. *** The aim of this work is, first, to set the basis for a formal model of science, then, it is to show that the laws of physics are its theorems. Necessarily, all formal theories that are the product of science are theorems of our model. As this includes physics, our model is, therefore, its logical foundation. In the first part of the paper we present and investigate a number of desiderata regarding the formal practice of science including definitions and properties previously anticipated in the literature. Then, we present a formal model of science meeting these criteria. We define the domain of the theory of everything in physics as the set of all statements decidable by the practice of science in nature. For each named concept of the previous sentence (theory, physics, statement, decidable, practice of science and nature), we produce a suitable mathematical definition. The central thesis of this work is to show that the laws of physics are a theorem of these definitions; ergo, the laws of physics are formal theorems of science. With this definition, the difficulty of producing a sound axiomatic basis for the domain is reduced to formalizing the practice of science within mathematics and the laws of physics are simply theorems provable in it. Main result: The ideal practice of science consists of constructing a message (in the sense of Shannon's theory of information) of experiments (the elements of the message) constrained by the requirement that its elements are verifiable (provable) within some set of logical resources (the statistical priors of the message). In this context, we define the priors as Nature and we qualify the message as scientific. Nature is thus a general proof checker for experiments, and the World is understood by constructing a maximally informative scientific message. Central thesis: We show that the equation of state regarding the construction of a scientific message bounds nature (the priors) to a cosmology entirely emergent from the entropy of the scientific message. We argue that our model is an axiomatic realization of the (later) participatory universe envisioned by John Archibald Wheeler (the aphorism "it from bit"), in which the "it" and its properties are formally derived from the "bit" which we define as (and only as) the information obtained by practice of science. This derivation of the laws of physics is based only on the practice of science in nature and is thus scientifically irrefutable.

**Category:** History and Philosophy of Physics

[2] **viXra:1902.0031 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-05-24 21:57:49*

**Authors:** Ratikanta Das

**Comments:** This short book (60 pages) has been published by Lap Lambert Academic Publishing on 21-03-2019.

The following chapters are included in this book.
1.Need for an alternative to standard model (5 pages). 2. Preliminary ideas about four dimensional (4D) space (5 pages). 3. Structure of our 4D universe ( 6pages). 4. Structure of fundamental particles in 4D space (6 pages). 5. 4D classical picture of matter-energy conversion (13 pages). 6. Concepts of photon and matter wave in 4D space (4 pages). 7. Unifying Coulomb and strong nuclear force ( 9 pages). 8. Realizing the existence of fourth space dimension ( 4 pages).

**Category:** History and Philosophy of Physics

[1] **viXra:1902.0023 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-01 18:36:10*

**Authors:** Tariq Khan

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

The prevalence of simulation in our Universe is discussed. Simulation is considered in the context of foundational efforts to determine the nature of reality and philosophical speculations related to why our reality might be a simulation are listed.

**Category:** History and Philosophy of Physics