Mind Science

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Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed further down

[143] viXra:1608.0118 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-12 05:23:31

Antibiogram, Biochemical Reactions and Biotyping of Biofield Treated Providencia Rettgeri

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak
Comments: 8 Pages.

Providencia rettgeri (P. rettgeri) is the key organism for gastrointestinal tract infections due to its high virulence properties. The current study was designed to investigate the effect of Mr. Trivedi’s biofield energy treatment on P. rettgeri in lyophilized as well as revived state for antimicrobial susceptibility pattern, biochemical characteristics, and biotype number. The lyophilized strain of P. rettgeri (ATCC 9250) was divided into two parts, Group (Gr.) I: control and Gr. II: treatment. After biofield treatment, Gr. II was further subdivided into two parts, Gr. IIA and Gr. IIB. Gr. IIA was analyzed on day 10, while Gr. IIB was stored and analyzed on day 162 after revival (Study I). The revived sample of Gr. IIB was retreated on day 162 (Study II), and divided into three separate tubes. Tube 1 was analyzed on day 5, likewise, tube 2 and 3 were analyzed on day 10 and 15, respectively after their sub-culturing. All the experimental parameters were studied using automated MicroScan Walk-Away® system. The antimicrobial susceptibility and minimum inhibitory concentration were significantly improved by 71.43%, out of twenty-eight and 56.25%, out of thirty-two, respectively in the treated cells of P. rettgeri as compared to the control. The biochemical reactions also showed the significant (60.61%) alteration in the treated sample with respect to control. The biotype numbers were substantially changed in all the treated groups as compared to the control. Moreover, the organism was changed as Proteus mirabilis in all the treated groups except in Gr. IIA, as compared to the control. These results suggested that biofield treatment has a significant impact on P. rettgeri in lyophilized as well as revived state.
Category: Mind Science

[142] viXra:1608.0034 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-04 05:10:42

Characterization of Physico-Chemical and Spectroscopic Properties of Biofield Energy Treated 4-Bromoacetophenone

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak
Comments: 08 Pages.

4-Bromoacetophenone is an acetophenone derivative known for its usefulness in organic coupling reactions and various biological applications. The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of biofield energy treatment on 4- bromoacetophenone using various analytical methods. The material is divided into two groups for this study i.e. control and treated. The control group remained as untreated and the treated group was subjected to Mr. Trivedi’s biofield energy treatment. Then, both the samples were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), and UV-visible spectrometry (UV-vis). The XRD study revealed that the crystallite size of treated 4-bromoacetophenone was decreased significantly to 16.69% with decreased intensity as compared to the control. The thermal studies revealed that the slight change was observed in the melting point and latent heat of fusion (ΔH) of biofield energy treated sample as compared to the control. Maximum degradation temperature (Tmax) of treated 4-bromoacetophenone was decreased by 7.26% as compared to the control (169.89°C→157.54°C). The FT-IR spectra showed that the C=O stretching frequency at 1670 cm-1 was shifted to higher frequency region (1672 in T1 and 1685 cm-1 in T2, in two treated samples for FT-IR) after biofield energy treatment. Moreover, the GC-MS data revealed that the isotopic abundance ratio of either 13C/12C or 2H/1H (PM+1)/PM was decreased up to 9.12% in T2 sample whereas increased slightly up to 3.83% in T3 sample. However, the isotopic abundance ratio of either 81Br/79Br or 18O/16O (PM+2)/PM of treated 4-bromoacetophenone was decreased from 0.10% to 1.62% (where PM-primary mass of the molecule, (PM+1) and (PM+2) are isotopic mass of the molecule). The UV spectra showed the similar electronic behavior like absorption maximum in control and treated samples. Overall, the experimental results suggest that Mr. Trivedi’s biofield energy treatment has significant effect on the physical, thermal, and spectral properties of 4-bromoacetophenone.
Category: Mind Science

[141] viXra:1608.0019 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-01 23:14:37

Investigation of Isotopic Abundance Ratio of Biofield Treated Phenol Derivatives Using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak
Comments: 6 Pages.

Butylatedhydroxytoluene (BHT) and 4-methoxyphenol (4-MP) are phenol derivatives that are generally known for their antioxidant properties and depigmenting activities. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of biofield energy treatment on the isotopic abundance in BHT and 4-MP using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). BHT and 4-MP samples were divided into two parts: control and treated. The control group remained untreated while the treated group was subjected to Mr. Trivedi’s biofield treatment. Control and treated samples were characterized using GC-MS. The GC-MS data revealed that the isotopic abundance ratio of 13C/12C or 2 H/1 H (PM+1)/PM and 18O/16O (PM+2)/PM increased significantly in treated BHT and 4-MP (where PM- primary molecule, PM+1- isotopic molecule either for 13C or 2 H and PM+2 is the isotopic molecule for 18O). The isotopic abundance ratio of (PM+1)/PM in the treated BHT and 4-MP was increased up to 181.27% and 380.73% respectively as compared to their respective control. Moreover, the isotopic abundance ratio of (PM+2)/PM in the treated BHT and 4-MP increased up to 185.99% and 355.33% respectively. GC-MS data suggests that the biofield treatment significantly increased the isotopic abundance of 2 H, 13C and 18O in the treated BHT and 4-MP as compared to the control.
Category: Mind Science

[140] viXra:1607.0362 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-18 23:20:09

Evaluation of Phenotyping and Genotyping Characteristic of Shigella Sonnei After Biofield Treatment

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi
Comments: 5 Pages.

Shigella sonnei (S. sonnei) is a non-motile, rod shape, clinically significant, Gram-negative bacterium. It is commonly associated with dysentery (shigellosis). Recently, resistance to third and fourth generation cephalosporins and fluoroquinolones has been reported in S. sonnei. In the present study, we assessed the effect of biofield treatment on phenotyping and genotyping characteristic of S. sonnei (ATCC 9290). The lyophilized samples of S. sonnei were divided in three groups (G): G-I (control, revived), G-II (treatment, revived), and G-III (treatment, lyophilized). All these groups (control and biofield treated) were analyzed against antimicrobial susceptibility, biochemical reactions, and biotype number. The 16S rDNA sequencing was carried out to establish the phylogenetic relationship of S. sonnei with different bacterial species. The treated cells of S. sonnei exhibited an alteration of 3.33%, 10%, and 23.33% of total 30 tested antimicrobials in susceptibility assay for G-II on day 5 and 10 and G-III on day 10, respectively as compared to control. The treated cells of S. sonnei showed a significant change of about 12.12%, 12.12%, and 57.58% biochemical reactions out of 33 tests in treated groups of G-II on day 5 and 10 and G-III on day 10, respectively. The biotype number was also changed in treated samples of S. sonnei. Based on nucleotide homology sequences and phylogenetic analysis, the nearest homolog species of S. sonnei (GenBank Accession Number: EU009190) was identified as Shigella flexneri (EF643608). These results revealed that biofield treatment can prevent the absolute resistance in microbe against the existing antimicrobials.
Category: Mind Science

[139] viXra:1607.0361 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-18 23:22:15

Bio-field Treatment: A Potential Strategy for Modification of Physical and Thermal Properties of Gluten Hydrolysate and Ipomoea Macroelements

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak
Comments: 7 Pages.

The objective of present study was to study the effect of biofield treatment on physical and thermal properties of gluten hydrolysate (GH) and ipomoea macroelements (IM). The study was performed in two groups (control and treated). The control group remained as untreated, and biofield treatment was given to treated group. The control and treated GH and IM were characterized by particle size analysis, surface area analysis, X-ray diffraction (XRD), Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Particle size results of treated GH showed that d50 (average particle size) was decreased by 3.15% and d99 (size exhibited by 99% of powder particles) by 18.40% as compared to control GH sample. The treated IM also showed substantial reduction in average particle size d50 by 4.70% and d99 by 44.40% as compared to control sample. BET analysis showed significant increase in surface area of treated GH by 374.40 % as compared to control sample. However, the treated IM showed reduction in surface area by 14.30% as compared to control sample. XRD data suggested that both control and treated GH samples were amorphous in nature. Contrarily, the treated IM sample showed intense crystalline nature; though minimal decrease was observed in crystallinity as compared to control. DSC data showed increase in melting temperature of the treated GH as compared to control which can be correlated to alteration in kinetic energy of sample. Additionally, the DSC of treated IM also showed increase in melting temperature as compared to control IM. A significant increase in latent heat of fusion (∆H) was observed in treated GH by 302.55% with respect to control. Similarly, the treated IM showed 24.87% increase in latent heat of fusion as compared to control. TGA data showed higher thermal decomposition temperature (Tmax) of treated GH as compared to control. However, treated IM showed that Tmax was decreased as compared to control sample. These results suggested that biofield treatment has substantially changed the physical and thermal properties of the treated organic products (GH and IM).
Category: Mind Science

[138] viXra:1607.0169 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-14 13:05:42

Who Fired Prometheus? the Historical Genesis and Ontology of Super-Ego and the Castration Complex: the Destructuralization and Repair of Modern Personality. an Essay in Five Parts.

Authors: Rich Norman
Comments: 26 Pages.

As an author for this most inclusive and eclectic forum, it is my privilege to write a series of contributions which will look upon the mystery of our human condition. There is a particular psychological element that is available to observe in myth, dream and art, which once analyzed, will disclose both the nexus around which our elevated cultural achievements and human cooperative conglomeration have been cast, as well as, the single most destructive source of modern psychopathology. This barbaric unconscious relic can be traced in its formative genesis through the developmental progression of ancient law and myth, its archetypal imprint now a certain and sure part of the human phylogenetic inheritance, a masochistic degradation of all healthy potential around which the very heart of collective achievement has been centered. First I will offer up a Rubens, Prometheus Bound, which I encourage you to examine quite closely for the striking and horrific demonstration of this archetypal image which is embedded within. Can you un-riddle the distortions and find our complex, the barbarism around which all of our society has gathered? Then, I will offer up a new and different version of the Prometheus myth I have written, which also demonstrates this archetype. How amazing to have written it at a single pass, and then, to analyze it later, and discover that although different and distorted from the original myth, the meaning, the archetypal pattern, remained unchanged! Such a beautiful piece of writing to express such an ugly wish! So dear reader, first I will offer you the mystery. Please examine the following image and text quite closely, look into the images, both written and visual, look deeply and see if you can guess the answer. Then I will reveal the correct analysis, then the history, followed by specific examples detailing the exact way this structure is created in development, and how it influences, for the worse, our ethics and our intellect. Perhaps there is an alternative which will free both mind and morality from this curse, an atavism and a new creation, our highest human hope, both new and aged, might ask and answer the question: "Who fired Prometheus?"
Category: Mind Science

[137] viXra:1607.0140 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-11 17:31:36

A Basic Biofeedback Primer

Authors: Rich Norman, Cengiz Mordeniz, Leonardo Mendolicchio, Enrico Pieranageli, Paolo Pannarale, Franco Orsucci, Elio Conte
Comments: 13 Pages.

Biofeedback is a longstanding technique whereby voluntary control may be asserted over many seemingly unconscious physiologic and autonomic processes. Neurofeedback is a particular branch of biofeedback using real time information derived through the active monitoring of brain states to allow development of therapeutically efficacious informationally rich results. Our facility and staff are expert in the use of biofeedback as both a direct therapeutic aid, and assessment tool. This document will briefly detail the historical development and underlying principles of bio- and neuro-feedback techniques and their substantial theoretical and experimental basis.
Category: Mind Science

[136] viXra:1607.0128 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-10 23:34:28

Physical and Structural Characterization of Biofield Treated Imidazole Derivatives

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak
Comments: 8 Pages.

Imidazole derivatives have attracted significant interests in recent time for their usefulness in synthetic heterocyclic chemistry, analytical chemistry and pharmacology. Aim of present study was to evaluate the impact of biofield treatment on two imidazole derivatives (i.e., imidazole and 2-methylimidazole) by various analytical methods. The biofield treatment was done by Mr. Trivedi on both the compounds and both control and treated samples of imidazole and 2-methylimidazole were characterized with respect to physical, and structural properties using X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy, and Gas chromatography-Mass spectrometry (GC-MS). X-ray diffraction study revealed that crystallite size varied in a different way for imidazole and 2-methylimidazole due to the presence of methyl group in 2-c position although their core was same. Treated sample of imidazole showed a slight increase in crystallite size (6.5%); however, treated 2-methylimidazole showed a significant increase (166.68%) in crystallite size along with decrease in peak intensity as compared to control. The latent heat of fusion (ΔH) of imidazole was increased up to 0.62% in treated sample as compared to control; whereas in treated 2-methylimidazole, the ΔH was decreased by 22% as compared to control. Maximum degradation temperature (Tmax) from TGA of imidazole was remained same but 2-methylimidazole was increased by 1.5% as compared to control. FT-IR spectra showed slight change in stretching frequencies of treated imidazole and 2-methylimidazole as compared to control. Both the imidazole and 2-methylimidazole showed similar UV absorbance maxima as compared to respective control sample. GC-MS data revealed that isotopic abundance ratio of either 13C/12C or 15N/14N or 2 H/1 H (PM+1/PM) of treated imidazole was significantly increased up to 232.51% as compared to control, however, isotopic abundance ratio of 13C/12C or 15N/14N or 2 H/1 H (PM+1/PM) of treated 2-methylimidazole showed a minor change from -1.68 upto 1.68% as compared to control. Overall, the experimental results suggest that biofield treatment has significant effect on structural and thermal properties of imidazole and 2-methylimidazole.
Category: Mind Science

[135] viXra:1607.0117 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-10 09:29:40

New Therapeutic Intervention and Assessment Tools: GSR, Sexual Dysfunction and the Peptide Assisted Therapy Method––an Applied Therapy and Mathematical Metric of Healing.

Authors: Richard Lawrence Norman
Comments: 16 Pages.

This adjunct to our previous work (Norman and Conte et al. 2016, 2016a) will apply the proposed methodology within a specific clinical paradigm in order to aid the ever increasing population afflicted with sexual dysfunction and more subtle relationship issues. As has been previously supported, GSR is a noninvasive alternative to other measures which is capable of reaching into the deepest unconscious layers of the human mind. We will propose a specific series of tests and treatments which may allow risk-free aid to be disseminated to needful populations and treatment efficacy evaluated in precise mathematical terms supported by known trustworthy psychological measures. We may thereby develop and substantiate from several fronts at once, both a new therapeutic approach specifically aimed at a large target population in present need of care, and also, the methods of mathematical evaluation applied. The Peptide Assisted Therapy (PAT) method utilizes the known fact of oxytocin induced hippocampal mnemic plasticity within a neuropsychoanalytic context, to reshape basic attachment structure dynamics in order to ameliorate active pathology. A detailed protocol is presented relating the previously articulated methodology to the current theoretic construct and its applicability. In this way we will suggest new avenues of approach, analysis, theoretic substantiation and treatment which may directly help those afflicted with a common condition. Qualification and importance: It must be qualified that the proposed treatment is new, safe, non-toxic and remains to be assessed. Although it is unlikely that those patients and couples with deeply entrenched libidinal imbalance will benefit from this therapeutic approach outside of a greater and more extensive therapeutic context, those whose condition is less severe may well receive substantial benefit. With ~30% of all men and ~40% of all women displaying some level of sexually dysfunctional symptomatology, (ASRM fact sheets 2008, 2015) over a complex distribution (Simons and Carey 2001), we may rightly conclude that this safe and inexpensive treatment could help millions, and so, should be closely investigated and quantitatively assessed.
Category: Mind Science

[134] viXra:1607.0076 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-06 23:39:26

Physical, Thermal and Spectroscopic Studies on Biofield Treated P-Dichlorobenzene

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak
Comments: 5 Pages.

Para-dichlorobenzene (p-DCB) is widely used as a chemical intermediate in manufacturing of dyes, pharmaceuticals, polymers and other organic synthesis. The aim of present study was to evaluate the impact of biofield treatment on physical, thermal, and spectroscopic properties of p-dichlorobenzene. The p-dichlorobenzene sample was divided into two groups that served as treated and control. The treated group received Mr. Trivedi’s biofield treatment. Subsequently the control and treated samples were evaluated using X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and UV-Vis spectroscopy. XRD result showed an increase in crystallite size (4.93%) along with alteration in peak intensity of treated sample as compared to control. Furthermore, DSC analysis results showed that the latent heat of fusion of treated p-dichlorobenzene was considerably reduced by 8.66% as compared to control. The reduction in melting point of treated sample (54.99°C) was also observed as compared to control (57.01°C) p-dichlorobenzene. Moreover, TGA/DTG studies showed that Tmax (temperature, at which sample lost maximum of its weight) was increased by 6.26% and weight loss per degree celsius (°C) was decreased by 12.77% in biofield treated p-dichlorobenzene as compared to control sample. It indicates that thermal stability of treated p-dichlorobenzene sample might increase as compared to control sample. However, no change was found in UV-Vis spectroscopic character of treated p-dichlorobenzene as compared to control. These findings suggest that biofield treatment has significantly altered the physical and thermal properties of p-dichlorobenzene, which could make it more useful as a chemical intermediate.
Category: Mind Science

[133] viXra:1606.0334 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-30 01:29:30

Can Football Fans Win the Home Match Sitting in the Stadium? (1)

Authors: Tamas Lajtner
Comments: 3 Pages. The Football European Championship 2016 is here. Fans Think. The Paper Is Real.

According to chaos theory, the single flap of a butterfly’s wings can lead to unexpectedly great consequences. This sentence allows us to picture the phenomenon, but we may understand it in a more concrete form. We can measure the energy of the flap of a butterfly’s wing. This energy is about as great as the measurable energy of thought. Using chaos theory, thought is able to change the environment. The butterfly effect can manifest itself as a thought effect.
Category: Mind Science

[132] viXra:1606.0298 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-27 13:43:05

Addendum to General GSR Methodological Profile: Sexual Health, Pathology and Response Analysis Via Primary GSR with Secondary and Tertiary Variables.

Authors: Rich Norman, Cengiz Mordeniz, Leonardo Mendolicchio, Enrico Pieranageli, Paolo Pannarale, Franco Orsucci, Elio Conte
Comments: 7 Pages.

Please recall the foregoing conclusions and analyses which have detailed the specific neuroanatomical activations and emergent sympathetic and parasympathetic connectivities including the inter-connective limbic and Orbito-Frontal Cortex (OFC) circuit pathways spanning the deepest psychological foundations and encoding on both conscious and unconscious levels, which may be revealed in GSR (Norman and Conte et al. 2016). The very deepest psychological factors springing from fundamental neuro-affective regulatory agencies may be assessed and measured. This vital work will be performed so as to aid and assess both individuals and couples who are dealing with sexual dysfunction using measurement of response to salient libidinal stimulus and resultant signal analysis. The quality of emotional content and symptom specific affective distributional signal components will be measured. Such work is no simple matter, and may well be substantially aided and sharpened through the addition of secondary variables such as Heart Rate (HR) and Heart Rate Variability (HRV), which just as GSR, demonstrate nonlinear characteristics. Tertiary variables are also discussed as they will aid the process of informational distillation. To gain access to the embedded information, a full and substantial knowledge across the disciplines of neuroscience, psychology, psychiatry, linear and nonlinear mathematical physics is required. Non linear and linear analysis of component interactive dynamics in the GSR signal must be interpreted in accordance with the previously specified methodological framework. In Conclusion : 1)THE MONITORING OF THE GSR AND SUBSEQUENT ITS ANALYSIS BY LINEAR AND NON LINEAR METHODS IN A SUBJECT EXPOSED TO SEXUAL STIMULI DURING GSR MONITORING IS OF BASIC IMPORTANCE TO CHARACTERIZE HIS/HER SEXUAL AROSUAL AS WELL AS UNDER THE ORGANIC AND PSYCHOLOGICAL PROFILE. 2) THE SIMULTANEOUS USE OF HR (HRV) RECORDING WITH GSRWILL YIELD RESULTS OF BASIC IMPORTANCE SINCE DURING THE GIVEN STMULUS THE COUPLED AND SYNCRHONIZED ANALYSIS OF THE PEAK PHASE OF THE GSR AND DECREASING (RESPECTIVELY INCREASING) HR, ENABLES US TO CHARACTERIZE THE EMOTIONAL/AFFECTIVE TYPE AND STATE OF THE SUBJECT.
Category: Mind Science

[131] viXra:1606.0166 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-15 18:59:08

On Causality, Readyness Potential (RP) & Freewill

Authors: Basudeba Mishra
Comments: 9 Pages. Based on ancient knowledge.

In their 2012 article: An accumulator model for spontaneous neural activity prior to self-initiated movement, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, August, 2012, (www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1210467109), Aaron Schurger, Cohen and Joshua Greene challenged the concept of conscious will (freewill), with evidence based on Benjamin Libet’s experiments. We will explain their findings in a different way to establish freewill.
Category: Mind Science

[130] viXra:1606.0143 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-15 03:12:58

Neurobiology as Information Physics

Authors: Sterling Street
Comments: 18 Pages.

This article examines neuroscience from a perspective in information physics in order to share the preliminary results of an analysis of the brain that may supplement our current understanding of its structure and function, even if by falsification. This analysis seems to reveal that the information in a system of the brain can be quantified to an appreciable degree of objective precision, that many properties of the information content of a system of the brain can be inferred by observing matter and energy, and that many features of the brain’s anatomy and architecture illustrate simple information-energy relationships. It is possible that the brain provides a window into the relationship between matter, energy, and physical information.
Category: Mind Science

[129] viXra:1606.0095 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-10 12:48:24

On The Methodological Profile of GSR Studies in the light of the Recent Advances Obtained in the Knowledge of Its Neurological Correlates

Authors: Rich Norman, Leonardo Mendolicchio, Cengiz Mordeniz, Enrico Pieranageli, Paolo Pannarale, Franco Orsucci, Elio Conte
Comments: 19 Pages.

The focus of this report is that first of all we wanted to study in great depth the neurological GSR correlates with the aim, from one hand, to clarify the neurological patterns engaged during recording, monitoring and subsequent analysis of GSR, and, from the other hand, to delineate the methodological profile that absolutely must be followed during the recording of this GSR signal. In this context, the present relation formulates the methodological criteria that the operator must follow during the recording, monitoring, and analysis of the GSR signal. The relation delineates and characterizes the importance that the GSR signal is evaluated under different conditions that in particular may be summarized as it follows: the GSR should be recorded at rest and under different stimuli that are: the visual light stimuli and flashes as well as images in different condition of experimentation that is by giving soft images but also strong images, able to induce a strong vision shaking, language stimuli, words and phrases (neutral, soft and strong and shocking under the emotive profile), tactile stimuli (again soft, sudden, and of short duration as well as strong, shocking and continued (of consistent duration) throughout the session and in different parts of the body), auditory and olfactory. All the stimuli may be repeated several times in order to evaluate different parameters and the whole time dynamics and in particular the habituation, memory recalling and other important neurological functions. Other stimuli may be used to engage memory load and stress and conflicting semantic as respectively are represented from numerical calculations to be performed by mind, Stroop effects, and every other cognitive performance. It is important to take in mind that the most difficult step in the execution of the GSR monitoring and analysis, is to have a proper subjective calibration of the manner in which a subject responds to different light, sounds, words, language and tactile stimuli here including habituation that is the manner of the subject to respond to repeated same stimuli subsequently furnished or recalled by memory from stimuli previously received. For calibration it is necessary the explore a great variety of stimuli and differentiated as previously described. The term calibration here relates the fact that each subject has a subjective manner of the GSR behavior. Therefore, it becomes of fundamental importance the identification and estimation of the basic parameters in his/her personal context in absolute values as well as in relation to standards, eventually established, tabulated and recorded from the operators for normal subjects and constituting possibly a large GSR database obtained by monitoring on a large population of subjects. Consequently, the different articulation of such just defined stimuli has, in particular, a fundamental role in GSR monitoring and it , from one hand, relates the methodological profile since, under such different stimulating conditions, the operator has the possibility to calibrate the GSR subjective profile of the recording GSR signal of the person and to calibrate the basic parameters that characterize the phase of the GSR signal as Habituation, Latency time under stimuli, Reaction Times after stimuli, Peak values subsequent to stimuli, half recovery time following the peak amplitude of the phase and the maintained baseline value at rest and subsequent to the different given stimuli, and, at the same time, in the light of the neurological correlates identified in the present relation, such previously indicated methodological protocol, enables to perform a correct analysis of the tone and of the phase of the GSR signal by Linear and non Linear methodologies. To this purpose it is important to outline that the GSR is an intrinsically non linear electrophysiological signal. Therefore it is important that its recording enables subsequent analysis based from one hand on the fixation and estimation of basic parameters as latency, reaction times, peak amplitude, half recovery time, baseline compared at rest and after all the kinds of stimuli previously mentioned but on the other hand the obtained time series for tone and phase of each subject must be subjected to analysis by non linear methodologies in order to actually arrive to inspect the real inner structure of such so complex electrophysiological signal.
Category: Mind Science

[128] viXra:1606.0026 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-02 18:08:01

About EEG-Features in Cases with Brain Tumors in the Area of the 3-rd Ventricle and a Clinical Picture Characterized by Pronounced Somnolence. Об изменениях ЭЭГ при опухолях в области 3-го желудочка, сопровождающихся гиперсомническим синдромом.

Authors: D.G. Shmelekin. R.D. Shmelekina.
Comments: 2 Pages. 1

: In the majority of patients with brain tumors in the area of the third ventricle and a clinical picture characterized by pronounced somnolence, the background EEG showed, along with typical delta-waves, the spindle-shaped theta-activity in the form of bilaterally synchronized bursts. It was most prominent on the parietal leads. This activity increased sharply during sleep and in the state of sopor. This data may be of interest in relation to the problem of sleep pathophysiology. It is suggested that the presence of such activity in combination with delta-waves may be a bad prognostic sign for the patients with tumors in the area of the third ventricle. : In the majority of patients with brain tumors in the area of the third ventricle and a clinical picture characterized by pronounced somnolence, the background EEG showed, along with typical delta-waves, the spindle-shaped theta-activity in the form of bilaterally synchronized bursts. It was most prominent on the parietal leads. This activity increased sharply during sleep and in the state of sopor. This data may be of interest in relation to the problem of sleep pathophysiology and pathology. It is suggested that the presence of such activity in combination with delta-waves may be a bad prognostic sign for the patients with tumors in the area of the third ventricle. : In the majority of patients with brain tumors in the area of the third ventricle and a clinical picture characterized by pronounced somnolence, the background EEG showed, along with typical delta-waves, the spindle-shaped theta-activity in the form of bilaterally synchronized bursts. It was most prominent on the parietal leads. This activity increased sharply during sleep and in the state of sopor. This data may be of interest in relation to the problem of sleep pathophysiology. It is suggested that the presence of such activity in combination with delta-waves may be a bad prognostic sign for the patients with tumors in the area of the third ventricle.
Category: Mind Science

[127] viXra:1603.0325 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-22 11:20:22

Continuity in Choices

Authors: Vigneswaran Ramamoorthy
Comments: 5 Pages.

Consider a sketch about which the artist has no idea prior to the process of drawing, but develops on his way along stepwise. A list of distinct sketches from which he can choose for each step, right from start to the end, is given. Closing the loop marks the last step in the sketch. The sketch, two types will be elaborated below. Type 1: Here, anything but the first choice is used for each step. The idea is to make a sketch of close second choices. The process is repeated till the loop is closed. Type 2: Here, anything but the first and second choice is used for each step. The loop is closed with all the steps made out of third choices.
Category: Mind Science

[126] viXra:1602.0294 [pdf] submitted on 2016-02-23 05:22:46

Plants' Memory

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 22 Pages.

A small team of researchers with Australian National University Canberra, has found evidence that suggests that plants are able to reset a memory that has not been proven to be useful, in essence, forgetting things after they have been stored. [12] An international team of researchers from the Duke-NUS Medical School (Duke-NUS), the University of Bristol, Monash University and RIKEN have developed an algorithm that can predict the factors required to convert one human cell type to another. These game-changing findings, recently published online on 18 January 2016 in the journal Nature Genetics, have significant implications for regenerative medicine and lay the groundwork for further research into cell reprogramming. [11] Scientists have discovered a secret second code hiding within DNA which instructs cells on how genes are controlled. The amazing discovery is expected to open new doors to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, according to a new study. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Mind Science

[125] viXra:1601.0315 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-29 12:37:44

Studying the Cognitive Involvement of Glia Cells Using Stochastic Functional Microscopy

Authors: Salvatore Spadaro
Comments: 6 Pages.

The latest brain researches are showing the relevance of glia cells in cognitive processes like learning and memory. One of the main problems related to this type of investigations is about complexity: there are between 10 and 40 times more glia than neurons in the central nervous system of mammalians; the other main problem is about synaptic communication: glia cells (like astrocytes and microglia) use basically a chemical information system, therefore electrophysiological tecniques are not very efficient. The recent development of PALM and STORM microscopy can be a very powerful solution to these two main problems. This strategy can be included in a broader, hypothetical discipline called cognitive gliascience.
Category: Mind Science

[124] viXra:1601.0117 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-11 09:56:20

Two Dimensional Description And Visualisation Of Expressed Emotions In Music By Modelling As A Communication System

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 14 Pages.

Any given musical composition can be precisely analyzed for its emotional impact. This invention systematically categorizes all kinds of music on a valence - arousal plane (explained below) using a probabilistic approach akin to communication systems. All music - irrespective of region, lyrics and culture - is identified as evoking a certain combination of emotions that can be precisely quantified and located on the valence-arousal plane. A detailed questionnaire is designed to validate the assumptions and predictions of the theoretical approach. A sample set of 79 individuals who were given the questionnaire were asked to adopt a rating scale to quantitatively assess the impact of each musical piece. Analysis of the data so gathered lends excellent support of the estimated impact (from theory) of any given musical composition. We all know that music of any kind or culture evokes/inspires/stimulates to a large extent an emotional response that is very specific to the stimulus. To start with, classical Carnati Indian music is considered in all its flavor. The fundamental claim is that every note (swara) evokes a corresponding emotional response independent of the specific position in the melody (raga). We consider the collective emotional impact of the fundamental 16 notes of an octave. Of these four notes termed dissonant notes (vivadis) also play a decisive role although only 12 notes are known to be 'fundamental'. One of the most common frameworks in the emotions field proposes that affective experiences are best characterized by two main dimensions: arousal and valence. The dimension of valence ranges from highly positive to highly negative, whereas the dimension of arousal ranges from calming or soothing to exciting or agitating. The product of the analysis is a mapping of all the ragas - for that matter any kind of music - onto an 2-D (valence vs. arousal) plane, is enclosed.
Category: Mind Science

[123] viXra:1601.0112 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-11 09:51:21

Analysis Of Emotions Due To Various Aspects Of Carnatic And World Music

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 42 Pages.

Music affects emotions and this is a universal truth. Carnatic music has a wide repertoire of ragas and hence houses a wide range of emotions. In this dissertation, the emotions caused by the swaras and other aspects of carnatic music such as ragas are analysed, both qualitatively and quantitatively, such that the emotional effect of any raga can be given as a “profile” consisting of percentages of various emotions. Then a notation scheme convenient for emotional analysis is proposed. The musical systems from different parts of the world are then considered. Techniques are then stated to apply chords to carnatic music to enhance the emotional content. A four dimensional theory of music and emotions is then proposed. Finally, a universal quantitative and qualitative emotional analysis procedure is specified, which can be applied to any musical piece/system from any part of the world.
Category: Mind Science

[122] viXra:1601.0111 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-11 09:54:15

Modelling Of Music As A Communication System And Quantitative Description Of Emotions In Carnatic Music

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 12 Pages.

The hypothesis is that Music can be broken down into melody, rhythm, harmony and lyrics, Melody and harmony playing significant roles. Melody consists of notes whose emotions sum up to give total emotion of the musical piece. In this solution, Emotions of notes are quantitatively described followed by the emotions of melodies; this gives the emotion of the musical piece. The classification of emotions given by Robert Plutchik is used. Music is modelled as a communication system. Here the channel is not additive but transformative (transforms musical notes into emotions). A statistical approach is used where the time under consideration is the instant before the singing of a note. Two events are described. Event ‘x’ is the singing of a note whose chance is restricted by the melody allowing only certain notes. Probability matrix p(x) denotes probabilities of each note in the melody i.e. Composition of the melody. Event ‘y’ is the arousing of an emotion in the listener, which is probabilistic, and the probability matrix p(y) denotes the “emotion profile” of the melody.
Category: Mind Science

[121] viXra:1601.0108 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-11 01:41:26

Chaos and the Psychology of Anonymity

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 5 Pages.

Motivated by the growing trend in anonymity, the present work studies and explores online anonymity and its effect on psychological aspects from both mathematical and experimental perspectives. Mathematically, using mappings, it is seen that anonymity corresponds to quantum entanglement like states, corresponding to an increase in chaotic nature. Experiments and subsequent analysis focusing on three psychological aspects, namely Structural Model of the Psyche, Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs and Affective Experience suggest that the barrier of identity protection offered by anonymity drives people to orient their psychological states towards id dominance, openness of negative emotions, and dominance of physical needs over higher level needs. From the results and discussions, one can easily observe and characterize the shift in behavioural trends of people during anonymity.
Category: Mind Science

[120] viXra:1601.0068 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-07 17:07:45

Os Significantes e os Significados na Interpretação Semântica em Textos de Mário Sá Carneiro e J.[Osé] D’Almada Negreiros

Authors: Isabel Barahona da Fonseca, José Carlos Tiago de Oliveira, José Barahona da Fonseca, J. S. da Fonseca
Comments: 3 Pages.

An original interpretation of the artist Almada Negreiros by the medical doctor who followed him
Category: Mind Science

[119] viXra:1601.0067 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-07 17:13:20

A Logical Calculus for Signification

Authors: JJose Luis Simoes da Fonseca
Comments: 6 Pages.

The disciple of Warren McCulloch on Neuronal Model specifies, half a century later, a new logical formalism for consciousness and behaviour
Category: Mind Science

[118] viXra:1601.0051 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-06 11:22:53

The Contribution of Yoga in the Management of Work Stress

Authors: P.Dervissis
Comments: 2 Pages.

In this note we are examining the contribution of yoga in the management of work stress. The need for work, its preservation but also its loss can become sources of great physical and psychological tension. Because of the current financial crisis professional stress has reached alarming levels. This has as a result the transfer of work insecurities to the home. We find that the educational character of yoga while respecting personal boundaries cultivates skill in practice and develops our degree of self –receptivity. This has as a result physical benefits that last beyond the duration of thelesson, such as relaxation, vigilance, resilience and endurance under conditions of intense competitive work stress.
Category: Mind Science

[117] viXra:1512.0437 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-26 11:56:18

De Natura Animae Psychologiae Principia Mathematica et Philosophiae Naturalis

Authors: JJose Luis Simoes da Fonseca
Comments: 113 Pages.

de natura animae psychologiae principia mathematica et philosophiae naturalis THe Nature of Soul
Category: Mind Science

[116] viXra:1511.0291 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-30 03:49:19

Is Your Physical Look Important to You? if So, Why?

Authors: Valentino Giudice
Comments: 6 Pages.

Those are the results of an online survey 275 people took part in about the perceived importance of one’s own physical look and the reason for it. 92% of people consider their physical look at least somewhat important and about 44% of those consider it as really important. The reasons are many and can vary a lot from person to person. Self-confidence, with feeling comfortable and self-worth, is one of the most common ones. Other reasons are often referred to society and judgment from other people and they include getting some sort of advantage, having a better love or sex life, or not being seen in a negative way (which also relates to self-confidence). In some cases, the reason is just personal (the subject likes looking good). But even among those cases, lots of times there are also extrinsic motivations.
Category: Mind Science

[115] viXra:1510.0099 [pdf] submitted on 2015-10-12 07:08:24

Evolution

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 19 Pages. Evolution is considered to be one of the most important theories in science. I am interested in the most important aspects of Evolution: Mind evolution and Consciousness evolution.

Evolution is considered to be one of the most important theories in science. "Our evolution level is our consciousness level" Adrian Ferent "What did Darwin not understand? The evolution of consciousness" Adrian Ferent “Darwin developed his Evolution theory on animals; I developed my Evolution theory on people” Adrian Ferent Ferent Consciousness Equation The consciousness equation: The Christians, the Muslims, the Atheists … who say we have one life are wrong because if N0 = 0, T =70 years, for example after 30 years people will have the same consciousness, which is not true. My theory is a proof for reincarnation, Evolution! I am interested in the most important aspects of Evolution: Mind evolution and Consciousness evolution. The thought is a single act or product of thinking, the product of mental activity. Who am I? I am the consciousness! I consider the consciousness a probability space and the measure of the whole space is equal to One and because of the consciousness polarity I defined the qubit of consciousness and the consciousness states keeping the analogy with the qubits and the quantum states from quantum mechanics. I defined the level of morality: LM = (L4 + L5 + L6 + L7) / (L1 + L2 + L3) Consciousness controls the complex relationships between mind, body and the environment. Darwin did not understand the spiritual evolution, the evolution of consciousness.
Category: Mind Science

[114] viXra:1510.0009 [pdf] submitted on 2015-10-01 18:50:26

Qualia (Subjectiviti) as a Manifestation of an Interface Between Dark and Ordinary Matter

Authors: Evgeny A. Novikov
Comments: 6 Pages.

This work is based on modification of the general relativity, which includes effects of production /absorption of matter by the vacuum. The theory (without fitting parameters) is in good quantitative agreement with cosmological observations. In this theory we got an interface between dark and ordinary matter, which very likely exist not only in cosmos, but everywhere, including our body and, especially, our brain. Subjective experiences are considered as a manifestation of that interface. This opens a possibility of a "communication" with dark matter. Probable applications of these ideas include health (brain stimulation), communication, computational capabilities and energy resources.
Category: Mind Science

[113] viXra:1509.0289 [pdf] submitted on 2015-09-29 16:27:34

Science and Spirituality

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 16 Pages. I am the first in the world who wrote an equation, a transdisciplinarity equation, a link between quantum mechanics and spirituality, a link between science and spirituality.

Ferent Energy Centers Equation The most important question: WHO AM I? Started from this equation I discovered more very important equations, more links between science and spirituality. Who am I? Involves a set of questions and answers bearing on Self-enquiry. In the beginning was the qubit. We follow the path of information. I defined the consciousness a probability space and the measure of the whole space is equal to One. Our evolution level is our consciousness level. What Darwin did not understand? The evolution of consciousness. The wave function of each man is unique and he can always be found by it. Great thinkers spoke about spirituality and science but none of them wrote a transdisciplinarity equation, that is why I wrote several transdisciplinarity equations.
Category: Mind Science

[112] viXra:1509.0269 [pdf] submitted on 2015-09-28 09:55:51

Has the Joke "Spaghetti Monster" a Deeper Meaning for Atheism?

Authors: Dmitri Martila
Comments: 10 Pages.

The fashion is wrongly called ``Standards of beauty''. Because the Standards, as the name says, are never changing. Therefore, let us build our character on the Uniting Standards. The spaghetti being god (their ``monster''), atheists understand much better. So, is the atheism the neo-paganism? Historically the advanced Roman pagans have not believed in divine nature of their statues, but they played their worshiping; and the system and political fashion supported this play (many Russians say: ``all our life is play''). The proof, what atheism is the old bad paganism, you see here. There is also important theological information and the physical and social one. You simply need to read this, if you want, dear theist. I am not writing for busy atheists. Very likely, that they are busy with satanic activities. Even the unconscious killers of our believing souls are the killers by the fact. Guess, who is unconscious pagan? The pagan.
Category: Mind Science

[111] viXra:1509.0211 [pdf] submitted on 2015-09-23 08:40:25

Information – Entropy Theory of Consciousness

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 25 Pages.

It appears that we are approaching a unique time in the history of man and science where empirical measures and deductive reasoning can actually inform us spiritually. Integrated Information Theory (IIT)--put forth by neuroscientists Giulio Tononi and Christof Koch--is a new framework that describes a way to experimentally measure the extent to which a system is conscious. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Mind Science

[110] viXra:1508.0130 [pdf] submitted on 2015-08-17 03:28:44

Sense and Soundness of Thought as Biochemical Process

Authors: Mahmoud A. Mansour
Comments: 6 Pages.

A biochemical model is suggested for how the mind/brain might be modelling objects of thought in analogy with the biochemistry of enzymes, which explains various characters about human thought such as having a top-bottom architecture. The composition of complex ideas out of simple ones is realized as a semigroup C. Then we explain the composition of objects in the act of thought, and prove that every object of thought has a match – another object which makes perfect sense with it – whether meaningful or not. Lastly, we emphasize the role of experience in the evolution of the Algebras of sense.
Category: Mind Science

[109] viXra:1508.0090 [pdf] submitted on 2015-08-12 05:39:05

Exposure of Charged Particle Beam on the Brain of the Humans Leads to a Painless Death

Authors: Peiman Ghasemi
Comments: 4 Pages.

By the progress of technology, following to advancements on directed energy systems and magnetic resonance, over an introductory research on potentials of application of charged particle beam on the brain of the humans which can lead to a painless consecutive death, we shall investigate for the possibility of prevention of the extreme pain that a volunteer patient may highly suffer of, before the death as a state for relieving the pain itself. Exposure of charged particle beam on the brain of the humans, potentially, leads to a painless death. The basal ganglia, S1 and BA3, S2, BA46, BA10, BA9, BA5, the pretectal area, the hippocampus (and the other parts of the limbic system), and the thalamus are the most important locations in the human’s brain, and targeting them destroys the home of our personality and the control/attention center of the brain, over NDE (near-death experience) it leads to finishing the life process of a patient who is suffering intolerable pain, but the patient won’t sense the pain ever. In conclusion, distinct parts of the cerebrum and the thalamus are active locations of self-personality and attention. In elder patients of extreme pain who suffer of untreatable illnesses, it may get considered voluntary as a final decision by the victim and the victim’s relatives. Thus, this experiment has several potentials for application; more research must be conducted with regard to in-depth understanding of these neural networks.
Category: Mind Science

[108] viXra:1506.0182 [pdf] submitted on 2015-06-25 12:28:11

The Neural Networks, Brain and the Connectome

Authors: Stan Bumble
Comments: 4 Pages.

BRAIN expenditures to map the dynamics of neural activities in the brain of small organisms are cited and the work necessary to do it for the human brain is discussed. The difficulty is stressed because of the very large number of neurons considered that could be involved, their combinatory nature, and the missing characteristics that need to be determined experimentally. The physical and functional properties of neurons and their connected species are considered. Successful programs that may contribute to this humongous goal are described and some of the software and hardware are suggested that can help bring about this significant achievement.
Category: Mind Science

[107] viXra:1505.0146 [pdf] submitted on 2015-05-20 21:57:02

Thoughts on Qualia for Machines

Authors: Nordin Zakaria
Comments: 7 Pages.

I speculate upon the idea that qualia comprise of quanta or packets,and that each packet is generated by physical processes within a neuron, possibly at the quantum level. Pattern-specic neuronal activation causes wave-like interactions among the packets, leading to phenomenal sensa- tion. In essence, I provide in this paper a new panpsychic interpretation of the hard problem of consciousness.
Category: Mind Science

[106] viXra:1504.0222 [pdf] submitted on 2015-04-27 16:41:06

Consciousness of Unification: the Mind-Matter 'phallacy' Bites the Dust

Authors: James E. Beichler
Comments: 15 Pages. This paper is being published in the Proceedings of the Vigier IX Symposium

A complete theoretical model of how consciousness arises in neural nets can be developed based on a mixed quantum/classical basis. Both mind and consciousness are multi-leveled scalar and vector electromagnetic complexity patterns, respectively, which emerge within all living organisms through the process of evolution. Like life, the mind and consciousness patterns extend throughout living organisms (bodies), but the neural nets and higher level groupings that distinguish higher levels of consciousness only exist in the brain so mind and consciousness have been traditionally associated with the brain alone. A close study of neurons and neural nets in the brain shows that the microtubules within axons are classical bio-magnetic inductors that emit and absorb electromagnetic pulses from each other. These pulses establish interference patterns that influence the quantized vector potential patterns of interstitial water molecules within the neurons as well as create the coherence within neurons and neural nets that scientists normally associate with more complex memories, thought processes and streams of thought. Memory storage and recall are guided by the microtubules and the actual memory patterns are stored as magnetic vector potential complexity patterns in the points of space at the quantum level occupied by the water molecules. This model also accounts for the plasticity of the brain and implies that mind and consciousness, like life itself, are the result of evolutionary processes. However, consciousness can evolve independent of an organism’s birth genetics once it has evolved by normal bottom-up genetic processes and thus force a new type of top-down evolution on living organisms and species as a whole that can be explained by expanding the laws of thermodynamics to include orderly systems. Keywords: Consciousness, microtubules, neural correlates, neural nets, magnetic vector potential, quantum, space-time, emergence, magnetic domains, coherence, plasticity, evolution, thermodynamics
Category: Mind Science

[105] viXra:1502.0208 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-22 20:24:10

Health Related Experiments in Alternative Medications by Tom Zolotor

Authors: Tom Zolotor
Comments: 1 Page.

Health related experiments in alternative medications including hypnosis, reiki and other methods that seem to have work on my illnesses.
Category: Mind Science

[104] viXra:1502.0129 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-16 01:23:58

What Is Consciousness?

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 7 Pages.

On the Australian Broadcasting Corporation's current affairs program "7.30 Report" (29/01/2015), presenter Leigh Sales asked Canadian psychiatrist and author Norman Doidge "What is the difference between the mind and the brain?" Dr. Doidge's reply - "Well, the brain is thought to be roughly three pounds of physical material and nobody, to my mind, has adequately defined and established what the contours of mind are - and that includes all the neuroscientists I know, with respect." I’ve recently read interesting thoughts by mathematical physicist Roger Penrose and anesthesiologist Stuart Hameroff; as well as by 20th-century Austrian physicist Wolfgang Pauli, Austrian theoretical physicist Erwin Schrodinger, Discover Magazine’s writer Shannon Palus and philosopher/neuroscientist Eddy Nahmias. I’d like to weave these thoughts together (with a few of my own) to hopefully find a satisfactory definition of mind.
Category: Mind Science

[103] viXra:1501.0016 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-01 21:34:58

Psychedelic Induced Experiences as Key to the Understanding of the Connection Between Magnetic Body and Information Molecules?

Authors: M. Pitkänen
Comments: 4 Pages.

There is a book about psychedelics titled as "Inner paths to outer space: Journies to Alien Worlds through Psychedelics and Other Spiritual Technics" written by Rick Strassman, Slawek Wojtowicz, Luis Eduardo Luna and Ede Frecska. The basic message of the book is that psychedelics might make possible instantaneous remote communications with distant parts of the Universe. The basic objection is that light velocity sets stringent limits on classical communications. In TGD framework this argument does not apply. In the article a model for remote mental interactions is constructed using basic notions of TGD inspired quantum biology such as magnetic body, dark photons, and Zero Energy Ontology.
Category: Mind Science

[102] viXra:1501.0015 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-01 21:42:55

Geometric Theory of Harmony

Authors: M. Pitkänen
Comments: 36 Pages.

In the earlier article I introduced the notion of Hamiltonian cycle as a mathematical model for musical harmony and also proposed a connection with biology: motivations came from two observations. The number of icosahedral vertices is 12 and corresponds to the number of notes in 12-note system and the number of triangular faces of icosahedron is 20, the number of aminoacids. This led to a group theoretical model of genetic code and replacement of icosahedron with tetraicosahedron to explain also the 21st and 22nd amino-acid and solve the problem of simplest model due to the fact that the required Hamilton's cycle does not exist. This led also to the notion of bioharmony. This article was meant to be a continuation to the mentioned article providing a proposal for a theory of harmony and detailed calculations. It however turned out that the proposed notion of bioharmony was too restricted: all icosahedral Hamilton cycles with symmetries turned out to be possible rather than only the 3 cycles forced by the assumption that the polarity characteristics of the amino-acids correlate with the properties of the Hamiltonian cycle. In particular, it turned out that the symmetries of the Hamiltonian cycles are the icosahedral symmetries needed to predict the basic numbers of the genetic code and its extension to include also 21st and 22nd aminoacids. One also ends up with a proposal for what harmony is leading to non-trivial predictions both at DNA and amino-acid level.
Category: Mind Science

[101] viXra:1501.0014 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-01 21:44:51

How Are Visual Percepts Constructed

Authors: M. Pitkänen
Comments: 5 Pages.

How does visual system analyze the incoming visual information and reconstruct from it a (highly artistic) picture of the external world? I encountered this problem for the first time for about 35 years ago while listening some lecture about what happens in retina. Although I have written also about visual qualia and visual perception, I have not considered this particular problem. In this framework a rather simple model suggesting why and how visual perception first build a simple sketch analogous to cartoon about the visual field with saccadic motion playing a key role in the process.
Category: Mind Science

[100] viXra:1412.0107 [pdf] submitted on 2014-12-04 09:44:40

Toward a Theory of Consciousness

Authors: Casper Spanggaard
Comments: 3 Pages. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

More effort is needed to arrive at a complete theory of consciousness that provide a satisfactory explanation of conscious experience. Some considerations that may inspire and contribute to such a theory are described. The hypothesis that consciousness can result in evolutionary advantages only as a consequence of its participation in and its effects on decision making is considered. The hypotheses that consciousness is an intrinsic property of reality and that encoded information gives rise to a unique conscious experience is considered as well as if evolutionary processes shape the consciousness/system interface, and an abstract information-based reality. It is suggested that implementation of the non-event-based conscious decision making strategy may be the only possibility of creating artificial intelligent systems that have free will.
Category: Mind Science

[99] viXra:1411.0216 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-16 06:13:09

A Dynamic Mechanism of Alzheimer Based on Artificial Neural Network

Authors: Zhi Cheng
Comments: 9 Pages.

In this paper, we provide another angle to analyze the reasons why Alzheimer Disease exists. We analyze the dynamic mechanism of Alzheimer Disease based on the cognitive model that established from artificial neural network. We can provide some theoretic explanations to Alzheimer Disease through the analyzing of this model.
Category: Mind Science

[98] viXra:1409.0190 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-26 06:53:51

What is EEG made of?

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 20 Pages.

A model for EEG as a communication tool of magnetic body is developed. The basic assumption is that communications from cell membrane occur by Josephson radiation inducing the analogs of cyclotron transitions: this leads to resonance conditions forcing the Josephson frequencies to be equal to cyclotron frequencies in the simplest situation. Music metaphor - in particular the metaphor "right brain sings, left brain" talks allows to further develop the earlier model. One must generalize the original assumption concerning the allowed values of magnetic field $B_{end}$ at flux tubes of the magnetic body: this generalization was forced already by the quantum model of hearing.

The model leads to a detailed identification of sub-bands of EEG in terms of cyclotron frequencies assignable to bosonic ions. One can understand the basic features of various EEG bands, why conscious experiences possible occurring during sleep are not remembered and the four stages of sleep, why beta amplitudes are low and tend to be chaotic, the origin of resonance frequencies of EEG. Also a model for how Schumann resonances could affect consciousness emerges.

Music metaphor allows to develop in more detail the earlier proposal that nerve pulse patterns defined a languages with "phonemes" having duration of .1 seconds and obeying genetic code with 6 bits. Also the right brain signs metaphor can be given a detailed quantitative content in terms of the analog of music scale associated with the resting potential.
Category: Mind Science

[97] viXra:1409.0189 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-26 06:56:37

Negentropic Entanglement, NMP, Bariding and Topological Quantum Computation

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 4 Pages.

Negentropic entanglement for which number theoretic entropy characterized by p-adic prime is negative so that entanglement carries information, is in key role in TGD inspired theory of consciousness and quantum biology.

  1. The key feature of negentropic entanglement is that density matrix is proportional to unit matrix so that the assumption that state function reduction corresponds to the measurement of density matrix does not imply state function reduction to one-dimensional sub-space. This special kind of degenerate density matrix emerges naturally for the hierarchy heff=nh interpreted in terms of a hierarchy of dark matter phases. I have already earlier considered explicit realizations of negentropic entanglement assuming that E is invariant under the group of unitary or orthogonal transformations (also subgroups of unitary group can be considered - say symplectic group). One can however consider much more general options and this leads to a connection with topological quantum computation (TQC).
  2. Entanglement matrix E equal to 1/n1/2 factor times unitary matrix U (as a special case orthogonal matrix O) defines a density matrix given by ρ=UU/n= Idn/n, which is group invariant. One has NE respected by state function reduction if NMP is assumed. This would give huge number of negentropically entangled states providing a representation for some unitary group or its subgroup (such as symplectic group). In principle any unitary representation of any Lie group would allow representation in terms of NE. In principle any unitary representation of any Lie group would allow a representation in terms of NE.
  3. In physics as generalized number theory vision, a natural condition is that the matrix elements of E belong to the algebraic extension of p-adic numbers used so that discreted algebraic subgroups of unitary or orthogonal group are selected. This realizes evolutionary hierarchy as a hierarchy of p-adic number fields and their algebraic extensions, and one can imagine that evolution of cognition proceeds by the generation of negentropically entangled systems with increasing algebraic dimensions and increasing dimension reflecting itself as an increase of the largest prime power dividing n and defining the p-adic prime in question.
  4. One fascinating implication is the ability of TGD Universe to emulate itself like Turing machine: unitary S-matrix codes for scattering amplitudes and therefore for physics and negentropically entangled subsystem could represent sub-matrix for S-matrix as rules representing "the laws of physics" in the approximation that the world corresponds to n-dimension Hilbert space. Also the limit n→ ∞ makes sense, especially so in the p-adic context where real infinity can correspond to finite number in the sense of p-adic norm. Here also dimensions n given as products of powers of infinite primes can be formally considered.

Category: Mind Science

[96] viXra:1409.0184 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-26 07:05:54

Pythagoras, Music, Sacred Geometry, and Genetic Code

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 20 Pages.

t the 12-note scale could allow mapping to a closed path covering all vertices of icosahedron having 12 vertices and not intersecting itself is attractive. Also the idea that the triangles defining the faces of the icosahedron could have interpretation as 3-chords defining the notion of harmony for a given chord deserves study. The paths in question are known as Hamiltonian cycles and there are 1024 of them. There paths can be classified topologically by the numbers of triangles containing 0, 1, or 2 edges belonging to the cycle representing the scale. Each topology corresponds to particular notion of harmony and there are several topological equivalence classes.

I have also played with the idea that the 20 amino-acids could somehow correspond to the 20 triangles of icosahedron. The combination of this idea with the idea of mapping 12-tone scale to a Hamiltonian cycle at icosahedron leads to the question whether amino-acids could be assigned with a topological equivalence class of Hamiltonian cycle and whether topological characteristics could correspond to physical properties of amino-acids. It turns out that the identification of 3 basic polar amino-acids with triangles containing no edges of the scale path, 7 polar and acidic polar amino-acids with those containing 2 edges of the scale path, and 10 non-polar amino-acids with triangles containing 1 edge on the scale path would be consistent with the constraints on the Hamiltonian cycles. One could of course criticize the lumping of acidic polar and polar aminoacids to same group.

The number of DNAs coding for a given amino-acid could be also seen as such a physical property. The model for dark nucleons leads to the vertebrate genetic code with correct numbers of DNAs coding for amino-acids. It is however far from clear how to interpreted DNAs geometrically and the problem whether one cold understand genetic code geometrically remains open.
Category: Mind Science

Replacements of recent Submissions

[105] viXra:1607.0140 [pdf] replaced on 2016-07-12 11:11:41

A Basic Biofeedback Primer

Authors: Rich Norman, Cengiz Mordeniz, Leonardo Mendolicchio, Enrico Pierangeli, Paolo Pannarale, Franco Orsucci, Elio Conte
Comments: 13 Pages.

Biofeedback is a longstanding technique whereby voluntary control may be asserted over many seemingly unconscious physiologic and autonomic processes. Neurofeedback is a particular branch of biofeedback using real time information derived through the active monitoring of brain states to allow development of therapeutically efficacious informationally rich results. Our facility and staff are expert in the use of biofeedback as both a direct therapeutic aid, and assessment tool. This document will briefly detail the historical development and underlying principles of bio- and neuro-feedback techniques and their substantial theoretical and experimental basis.
Category: Mind Science

[104] viXra:1606.0298 [pdf] replaced on 2016-07-12 11:05:30

Addendum to General GSR Methodological Profile: Sexual Health, Pathology and Response Analysis Via Primary GSR with Secondary and Tertiary Variables.

Authors: Rich Norman, Cengiz Mordeniz, Leonardo Mendolicchio, Enrico Pierangeli, Paolo Pannarale, Franco Orsucci, Elio Conte
Comments: 7 Pages.

Please recall the foregoing conclusions and analyses which have detailed the specific neuroanatomical activations and emergent sympathetic and parasympathetic connectivities including the inter-connective limbic and Orbito-Frontal Cortex (OFC) circuit pathways spanning the deepest psychological foundations and encoding on both conscious and unconscious levels, which may be revealed in GSR (Norman and Conte et al. 2016). The very deepest psychological factors springing from fundamental neuro-affective regulatory agencies may be assessed and measured. This vital work will be performed so as to aid and assess both individuals and couples who are dealing with sexual dysfunction using measurement of response to salient libidinal stimulus and resultant signal analysis. The quality of emotional content and symptom specific affective distributional signal components will be measured. Such work is no simple matter, and may well be substantially aided and sharpened through the addition of secondary variables such as Heart Rate (HR) and Heart Rate Variability (HRV), which just as GSR, demonstrate nonlinear characteristics. Tertiary variables are also discussed as they will aid the process of informational distillation. To gain access to the embedded information, a full and substantial knowledge across the disciplines of neuroscience, psychology, psychiatry, linear and nonlinear mathematical physics is required. Non linear and linear analysis of component interactive dynamics in the GSR signal must be interpreted in accordance with the previously specified methodological framework. In Conclusion : 1) THE MONITORING OF THE GSR AND ITS SUBSEQUENT ANALYSIS BY LINEAR AND NON LINEAR METHODS IN SUBJECTS EXPOSED TO SEXUAL STIMULI IS OF BASIC IMPORTANCE TO CHARACTERIZE HIS/HER SEXUAL AROUSAL AS INTERPRETED WITHIN THEIR COMPLETE ORGANIC AND PSYCHOLOGICAL PROFILE. 2) THE SIMULTANEOUS USE OF HR (HRV) RECORDING WITH GSR WILL YIELD RESULTS OF BASIC IMPORTANCE AS DURING EXPERIMENTALLY CONTROLLED STIMULUS, COUPLED AND SYNCHRONIZED ANALYSIS OF THE PEAK PHASE OF THE GSR AND DECREASING (RESPECTIVELY INCREASING) HR, ENABLES US TO CHARACTERIZE THE EMOTIONAL/AFFECTIVE TYPE AND STATE OF THE SUBJECT.
Category: Mind Science

[103] viXra:1606.0298 [pdf] replaced on 2016-07-03 22:14:18

Addendum to General GSR Methodological Profile: Sexual Health, Pathology and Response Analysis Via Primary GSR with Secondary and Tertiary Variables.

Authors: Rich Norman, Cengiz Mordeniz, Leonardo Mendolicchio, Enrico Pieranageli, Paolo Pannarale, Franco Orsucci, Elio Conte
Comments: 7 Pages.

Please recall the foregoing conclusions and analyses which have detailed the specific neuroanatomical activations and emergent sympathetic and parasympathetic connectivities including the inter-connective limbic and Orbito-Frontal Cortex (OFC) circuit pathways spanning the deepest psychological foundations and encoding on both conscious and unconscious levels, which may be revealed in GSR (Norman and Conte et al. 2016). The very deepest psychological factors springing from fundamental neuro-affective regulatory agencies may be assessed and measured. This vital work will be performed so as to aid and assess both individuals and couples who are dealing with sexual dysfunction using measurement of response to salient libidinal stimulus and resultant signal analysis. The quality of emotional content and symptom specific affective distributional signal components will be measured. Such work is no simple matter, and may well be substantially aided and sharpened through the addition of secondary variables such as Heart Rate (HR) and Heart Rate Variability (HRV), which just as GSR, demonstrate nonlinear characteristics. Tertiary variables are also discussed as they will aid the process of informational distillation. To gain access to the embedded information, a full and substantial knowledge across the disciplines of neuroscience, psychology, psychiatry, linear and nonlinear mathematical physics is required. Non linear and linear analysis of component interactive dynamics in the GSR signal must be interpreted in accordance with the previously specified methodological framework. In Conclusion : 1) THE MONITORING OF THE GSR AND ITS SUBSEQUENT ANALYSIS BY LINEAR AND NON LINEAR METHODS IN SUBJECTS EXPOSED TO SEXUAL STIMULI IS OF BASIC IMPORTANCE TO CHARACTERIZE HIS/HER SEXUAL AROUSAL AS INTERPRETED WITHIN THEIR COMPLETE ORGANIC AND PSYCHOLOGICAL PROFILE. 2) THE SIMULTANEOUS USE OF HR (HRV) RECORDING WITH GSR WILL YIELD RESULTS OF BASIC IMPORTANCE AS DURING EXPERIMENTALLY CONTROLLED STIMULUS, COUPLED AND SYNCHRONIZED ANALYSIS OF THE PEAK PHASE OF THE GSR AND DECREASING (RESPECTIVELY INCREASING) HR, ENABLES US TO CHARACTERIZE THE EMOTIONAL/AFFECTIVE TYPE AND STATE OF THE SUBJECT.
Category: Mind Science

[102] viXra:1606.0293 [pdf] replaced on 2016-07-14 03:10:54

Integrating Imagination with Reality

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 57 Pages. This version submitted to SC[ENCE ADVANCES on July 14, 2016 (just for fun).

Albert Einstein is quoted as saying, "For knowledge is limited to all we now know and understand, while imagination embraces the entire world, and all there ever will be to know and understand." Experiments and mathematics have done a superb job of integrating the human mind's reasoning abilities with the universe. I believe we have now reached the point where the separateness maths and experiments rely on must be surpassed. The trend of discoveries in physics is towards unification of the whole universe, and all time, into one thing ... one event. Start with 19th century scientist James Clerk Maxwell uniting electricity and magnetism into electromagnetism. Then consider Albert Einstein's attempt in the 20th century to unite electromagnetism with gravitation and produce a Unified Field Theory. Lastly, think of modern physics' dream to unite everything into the TOE (Theory of Everything). One day, the Unified Field or TOE will be successfully achieved and it might extend far beyond the wildest hopes of today's science. In 1911 Vladimir Varićak asserted that length contraction is “real” according to Lorentz, while it is “apparent or subjective” according to Einstein. Einstein replied: “The author unjustifiably stated a difference of Lorentz’s view and that of mine concerning the physical facts. The question as to whether length contraction really exists or not is misleading. It doesn’t “really” exist, in so far as it doesn’t exist for a comoving observer; though it “really” exists, i.e. in such a way that it could be demonstrated in principle by physical means by a non-comoving observer.” (a non-comoving observer is eg an experimenter in a scientific facility or medical lab) Since "non-comoving" maths/experiments have done an excellent job of integrating our reasoning with the cosmos, they will be referenced frequently and occupy by far the greatest portion of this article. However, "co-moving" with Unification now opens the door for other aspects of the mind, such as imagination and intuition, to become an essential part of our comprehension of the universe we live in. This article is definitely is too far fetched if we look at it from the viewpoint of today's science. But that doesn't mean it can't be true. I'm fascinated by the distant future - so I started with known science and let my imagination see what that science could develop into. Someone from 200 years ago could have combined known science with imagination, and developed a picture of possibilities for today. In the early 1800's, it would have sounded impossibly far fetched ... but it might have come true. Maybe the wild imaginations of the few give other people goals to approach with baby steps - and goals that eventually come into reality.
Category: Mind Science

[101] viXra:1606.0095 [pdf] replaced on 2016-07-12 10:53:26

On The Methodological Profile of GSR Studies in the light of the Recent Advances Obtained in the Knowledge of Its Neurological Correlates

Authors: Rich Norman, Cengiz Mordeniz, Leonardo Mendolicchio, Enrico Pierangeli, Paolo Pannarale, Franco Orsucci, Elio Conte
Comments: 19 Pages.

The primary focus of this report is to advance in depth study of the neurological correlates of GSR with the intention, on one hand, to clarify the neurological patterns produced during recording, monitoring and analysis of GSR, and on the other hand, to delineate the methodological profile that absolutely must be followed during the recording of this GSR signal. In this context, the present relation formulates the methodological criteria that the operator must follow during the recording, monitoring, and analysis of the GSR signal. The relation defines and prioritizes GSR signal evaluation under these different conditions: the GSR should be recorded at rest and affected by different stimuli, specifically: visual stimuli such as sudden bursts of light as well as images modified to create multi-level energetic allocations, that is, soft images but also more potent images able to induce strong visual perturbation, linguistic stimuli including words and phrases across a spectrum of energetic/affective presentation (neutral, soft, strong and shocking), tactile stimuli (again soft, sudden, and of short duration as well as strong, shocking and continued [of consistent duration]), addressing different parts of the body throughout the session. Auditory stimulus and olfactory stimulus will be included in the test procedures. All the stimuli may be repeated several times in order to evaluate habituation, memory, recall and other important neurological functions. Other stimuli may be used to foster memory load and stress, as well as conflicting semantic stimuli, respectively, to be represented in resultant numerical calculations reflecting mental performance, evidenced through Stroop effects, and every other cognitive demonstration. It is important to keep in mind that the most difficult step in maintaining accurate GSR monitoring and analysis, is to insure proper subjective evaluation of the manner in which a subject responds to different levels of visual input, sounds, words, language strings (phrases) and tactile stimuli, in the context of habituation, meaning, the performance of subject response to repeated identical subsequent stimuli, or mnemic recall of previous stimuli. For proper evaluation of subjective parameters, that is calibration, it is necessary the explore a great variety of stimuli differentiated as previously described. The term calibration here refers to the fact that each subject has a subjective behavioral component in their GSR. Therefore, it becomes of fundamental importance to identify and estimate the basic parameters in his/her personal context in absolute values as well as in relation to standards, eventually established, tabulated and recorded from normal subjects constituting a large GSR database obtained by monitoring a suitable population of subjects. Consequently, the various responses to a defined stimuli have a particular, fundamental role in GSR monitoring that relates to the methodological profile since, under different conditions of stimulus, the operator may calibrate the recorded GSR subjective profile in terms of the basic parameters derived across population that characterize the phase of the GSR signal, such as Habituation, Latency Time under stimuli, Reaction Times, Peak Values subsequent to stimuli, Half Recovery Time following the peak amplitude of the phase, yielding a baseline value resultant of different stimuli, within the neurological correlates identified across a sampled population, allowing a correct, relative subjective analysis of the tone and of the phase of the GSR signal by Linear and Non Linear methodologies. Toward this end it is important to recall that GSR is an intrinsically non linear electrophysiological signal. Therefore its recording enables subsequent analysis based from one side on the fixation and estimation of basic established parameters such as latency, reaction times, peak amplitude, half recovery time, baseline compared at rest and after various stimuli as specified, and from the other, relating that baseline to aspects of the time series for the tone and phase of each subject subjected to analysis by non linear methodologies. In this way we may ascertain the real inner structure of the complex electrophysiological signal.
Category: Mind Science

[100] viXra:1606.0095 [pdf] replaced on 2016-06-17 18:09:22

On The Methodological Profile of GSR Studies in the light of the Recent Advances Obtained in the Knowledge of Its Neurological Correlates

Authors: Rich Norman, Leonardo Mendolicchio, Cengiz Mordeniz, Enrico Pieranageli, Paolo Pannarale, Franco Orsucci, Elio Conte
Comments: 19 Pages.

The primary focus of this report is to advance in depth study of the neurological correlates of GSR with the intention, on one hand, to clarify the neurological patterns produced during recording, monitoring and analysis of GSR, and on the other hand, to delineate the methodological profile that absolutely must be followed during the recording of this GSR signal. In this context, the present relation formulates the methodological criteria that the operator must follow during the recording, monitoring, and analysis of the GSR signal. The relation defines and prioritizes GSR signal evaluation under these different conditions: the GSR should be recorded at rest and affected by different stimuli, specifically: visual stimuli such as sudden bursts of light as well as images modified to create multi-level energetic allocations, that is, soft images but also more potent images able to induce strong visual perturbation, linguistic stimuli including words and phrases across a spectrum of energetic/affective presentation (neutral, soft, strong and shocking), tactile stimuli (again soft, sudden, and of short duration as well as strong, shocking and continued [of consistent duration]), addressing different parts of the body throughout the session. Auditory stimulus and olfactory stimulus will be included in the test procedures. All the stimuli may be repeated several times in order to evaluate habituation, memory, recall and other important neurological functions. Other stimuli may be used to foster memory load and stress, as well as conflicting semantic stimuli, respectively, to be represented in resultant numerical calculations reflecting mental performance, evidenced through Stroop effects, and every other cognitive demonstration. It is important to keep in mind that the most difficult step in maintaining accurate GSR monitoring and analysis, is to insure proper subjective evaluation of the manner in which a subject responds to different levels of visual input, sounds, words, language strings (phrases) and tactile stimuli, in the context of habituation, meaning, the performance of subject response to repeated identical subsequent stimuli, or mnemic recall of previous stimuli. For proper evaluation of subjective parameters, that is calibration, it is necessary the explore a great variety of stimuli differentiated as previously described. The term calibration here refers to the fact that each subject has a subjective behavioral component in their GSR. Therefore, it becomes of fundamental importance to identify and estimate the basic parameters in his/her personal context in absolute values as well as in relation to standards, eventually established, tabulated and recorded from normal subjects constituting a large GSR database obtained by monitoring a suitable population of subjects. Consequently, the various responses to a defined stimuli have a particular, fundamental role in GSR monitoring that relates to the methodological profile since, under different conditions of stimulus, the operator may calibrate the recorded GSR subjective profile in terms of the basic parameters derived across population that characterize the phase of the GSR signal, such as Habituation, Latency Time under stimuli, Reaction Times, Peak Values subsequent to stimuli, Half Recovery Time following the peak amplitude of the phase, yielding a baseline value resultant of different stimuli, within the neurological correlates identified across a sampled population, allowing a correct, relative subjective analysis of the tone and of the phase of the GSR signal by Linear and Non Linear methodologies. Toward this end it is important to recall that GSR is an intrinsically non linear electrophysiological signal. Therefore its recording enables subsequent analysis based from one side on the fixation and estimation of basic established parameters such as latency, reaction times, peak amplitude, half recovery time, baseline compared at rest and after various stimuli as specified, and from the other, relating that baseline to aspects of the time series for the tone and phase of each subject subjected to analysis by non linear methodologies. In this way we may ascertain the real inner structure of the complex electrophysiological signal.
Category: Mind Science

[99] viXra:1605.0238 [pdf] replaced on 2016-07-11 18:36:28

A Review of Drive

Authors: S Halayka
Comments: 5 Pages.

A brief review of life drive and death drive is given.
Category: Mind Science

[98] viXra:1605.0238 [pdf] replaced on 2016-06-29 12:39:08

A Review of Drive

Authors: S Halayka
Comments: 5 Pages.

A brief review of life drive and death drive is given.
Category: Mind Science

[97] viXra:1605.0238 [pdf] replaced on 2016-06-21 11:00:02

A Review of Drive

Authors: S Halayka
Comments: 5 Pages.

A brief review of life drive and death drive is given.
Category: Mind Science

[96] viXra:1605.0238 [pdf] replaced on 2016-06-17 10:50:42

A Review of Drive

Authors: S Halayka
Comments: 5 Pages.

A brief review of life drive and death drive is given.
Category: Mind Science

[95] viXra:1605.0238 [pdf] replaced on 2016-06-10 13:50:25

A Review of Drive

Authors: S Halayka
Comments: 2 Pages.

A brief review of life drive and death drive is given.
Category: Mind Science

[94] viXra:1510.0009 [pdf] replaced on 2015-10-02 13:29:38

Qualia (Subjectivity) as a Manifestation of an Interface Between Dark and Ordinary Matter

Authors: Evgeny A. Novikov
Comments: 6 Pages.

This work is based on modification of the general relativity, which includes effects of production /absorption of matter by the vacuum. The theory (without fitting parameters) is in good quantitative agreement with cosmological observations. In this theory we got an interface between dark and ordinary matter, which very likely exist not only in cosmos, but everywhere, including our body and, especially, our brain. Subjective experiences are considered as a manifestation of that interface. This opens a possibility of a "communication" with dark matter. Probable applications of these ideas include health (brain stimulation), communication, computational capabilities and energy resources.
Category: Mind Science

[93] viXra:1505.0146 [pdf] replaced on 2015-05-31 08:05:57

Thoughts on Qualia for Machines

Authors: Nordin Zakaria
Comments: 7 Pages.

I speculate upon the idea that qualia comprise of quanta or packets, and that each packet is generated by physical processes within a neuron, possibly at the quantum level. Pattern-specific neuronal activation causes wave-like interactions among the packets, leading to phenomenal sensation. In essence, I provide in this paper a new panpsychic interpretation of the hard problem of consciousness.
Category: Mind Science

[92] viXra:1502.0129 [pdf] replaced on 2015-03-05 01:04:27

What Is Consciousness

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 9 Pages.

What is the difference between the mind and the brain? The brain is thought to be roughly three pounds of physical material but nobody seems to have adequately defined what the mind is. I’ve recently read interesting thoughts by mathematical physicist Roger Penrose and anesthesiologist Stuart Hameroff; as well as by 20th-century Austrian physicist Wolfgang Pauli, Austrian theoretical physicist Erwin Schrodinger, Discover Magazine’s writer Shannon Palus and philosopher / neuroscientist Eddy Nahmias. I’d like to weave these thoughts together (with a few of my own) to hopefully find a satisfactory definition of mind. In the article’s Highlights, this proposed definition obeys fractal geometry and proceeds from universe-pervading consciousness to the mind of an immaterial body and brain (events outside the attention of the conscious mind are, by definition, in the unconscious). The large-scale of the cosmos and small-scale of humans or organelles in cells (or atoms in the inanimate) are united, so the definition could also proceed in reverse. That approach will be taken now. If the reader thinks those paragraphs dealing with space-time, engineering and maths have departed from the mind / brain topic; I point out that it’s included as an extension of my “elimination of distance” argument and is intended to further demonstrate the validity of that unusual idea. Also, I’m convinced absolutely everything is intricately related. To understand anything completely, it should be incorporated into the “big picture” of the entire cosmos and all time. Most doctors today are convinced the true nature of mind will eventually be discovered simply by continued study of the brain. From my point of view, this won't happen. We need to sacrifice the reductionist, conservative beliefs that have served us so well to this point. A holistic, imaginative approach seems to be necessary to find out what the mind is. An approach where consciousness isn't even limited to the body, but embraces the whole universe and all time. Highlights •The universe and brain are ultimately composed of base 2 mathematics. •This means consciousness is not limited to the brain but pervades the universe. •Mind is neither reducible to, nor distinct from, the workings of our brain. •Another view is that mind deletes distance between brains and space-time. •Learning is potentially unlimited – extending to remotest times and entire cosmos. •Fractals repeat cosmos on small scales (immaterial human bodies=infinite learning).
Category: Mind Science