Mind Science

1601 Submissions

[8] viXra:1601.0315 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-29 12:37:44

Studying the Cognitive Involvement of Glia Cells Using Stochastic Functional Microscopy

Authors: Salvatore Spadaro
Comments: 6 Pages.

The latest brain researches are showing the relevance of glia cells in cognitive processes like learning and memory. One of the main problems related to this type of investigations is about complexity: there are between 10 and 40 times more glia than neurons in the central nervous system of mammalians; the other main problem is about synaptic communication: glia cells (like astrocytes and microglia) use basically a chemical information system, therefore electrophysiological tecniques are not very efficient. The recent development of PALM and STORM microscopy can be a very powerful solution to these two main problems. This strategy can be included in a broader, hypothetical discipline called cognitive gliascience.
Category: Mind Science

[7] viXra:1601.0117 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-11 09:56:20

Two Dimensional Description And Visualisation Of Expressed Emotions In Music By Modelling As A Communication System

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 14 Pages.

Any given musical composition can be precisely analyzed for its emotional impact. This invention systematically categorizes all kinds of music on a valence - arousal plane (explained below) using a probabilistic approach akin to communication systems. All music - irrespective of region, lyrics and culture - is identified as evoking a certain combination of emotions that can be precisely quantified and located on the valence-arousal plane. A detailed questionnaire is designed to validate the assumptions and predictions of the theoretical approach. A sample set of 79 individuals who were given the questionnaire were asked to adopt a rating scale to quantitatively assess the impact of each musical piece. Analysis of the data so gathered lends excellent support of the estimated impact (from theory) of any given musical composition. We all know that music of any kind or culture evokes/inspires/stimulates to a large extent an emotional response that is very specific to the stimulus. To start with, classical Carnati Indian music is considered in all its flavor. The fundamental claim is that every note (swara) evokes a corresponding emotional response independent of the specific position in the melody (raga). We consider the collective emotional impact of the fundamental 16 notes of an octave. Of these four notes termed dissonant notes (vivadis) also play a decisive role although only 12 notes are known to be 'fundamental'. One of the most common frameworks in the emotions field proposes that affective experiences are best characterized by two main dimensions: arousal and valence. The dimension of valence ranges from highly positive to highly negative, whereas the dimension of arousal ranges from calming or soothing to exciting or agitating. The product of the analysis is a mapping of all the ragas - for that matter any kind of music - onto an 2-D (valence vs. arousal) plane, is enclosed.
Category: Mind Science

[6] viXra:1601.0112 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-11 09:51:21

Analysis Of Emotions Due To Various Aspects Of Carnatic And World Music

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 42 Pages.

Music affects emotions and this is a universal truth. Carnatic music has a wide repertoire of ragas and hence houses a wide range of emotions. In this dissertation, the emotions caused by the swaras and other aspects of carnatic music such as ragas are analysed, both qualitatively and quantitatively, such that the emotional effect of any raga can be given as a “profile” consisting of percentages of various emotions. Then a notation scheme convenient for emotional analysis is proposed. The musical systems from different parts of the world are then considered. Techniques are then stated to apply chords to carnatic music to enhance the emotional content. A four dimensional theory of music and emotions is then proposed. Finally, a universal quantitative and qualitative emotional analysis procedure is specified, which can be applied to any musical piece/system from any part of the world.
Category: Mind Science

[5] viXra:1601.0111 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-11 09:54:15

Modelling Of Music As A Communication System And Quantitative Description Of Emotions In Carnatic Music

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 12 Pages.

The hypothesis is that Music can be broken down into melody, rhythm, harmony and lyrics, Melody and harmony playing significant roles. Melody consists of notes whose emotions sum up to give total emotion of the musical piece. In this solution, Emotions of notes are quantitatively described followed by the emotions of melodies; this gives the emotion of the musical piece. The classification of emotions given by Robert Plutchik is used. Music is modelled as a communication system. Here the channel is not additive but transformative (transforms musical notes into emotions). A statistical approach is used where the time under consideration is the instant before the singing of a note. Two events are described. Event ‘x’ is the singing of a note whose chance is restricted by the melody allowing only certain notes. Probability matrix p(x) denotes probabilities of each note in the melody i.e. Composition of the melody. Event ‘y’ is the arousing of an emotion in the listener, which is probabilistic, and the probability matrix p(y) denotes the “emotion profile” of the melody.
Category: Mind Science

[4] viXra:1601.0108 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-11 01:41:26

Chaos and the Psychology of Anonymity

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 5 Pages.

Motivated by the growing trend in anonymity, the present work studies and explores online anonymity and its effect on psychological aspects from both mathematical and experimental perspectives. Mathematically, using mappings, it is seen that anonymity corresponds to quantum entanglement like states, corresponding to an increase in chaotic nature. Experiments and subsequent analysis focusing on three psychological aspects, namely Structural Model of the Psyche, Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs and Affective Experience suggest that the barrier of identity protection offered by anonymity drives people to orient their psychological states towards id dominance, openness of negative emotions, and dominance of physical needs over higher level needs. From the results and discussions, one can easily observe and characterize the shift in behavioural trends of people during anonymity.
Category: Mind Science

[3] viXra:1601.0068 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-07 17:07:45

Os Significantes e os Significados na Interpretação Semântica em Textos de Mário Sá Carneiro e J.[Osé] D’Almada Negreiros

Authors: Isabel Barahona da Fonseca, José Carlos Tiago de Oliveira, José Barahona da Fonseca, J. S. da Fonseca
Comments: 3 Pages.

An original interpretation of the artist Almada Negreiros by the medical doctor who followed him
Category: Mind Science

[2] viXra:1601.0067 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-07 17:13:20

A Logical Calculus for Signification

Authors: JJose Luis Simoes da Fonseca
Comments: 6 Pages.

The disciple of Warren McCulloch on Neuronal Model specifies, half a century later, a new logical formalism for consciousness and behaviour
Category: Mind Science

[1] viXra:1601.0051 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-06 11:22:53

The Contribution of Yoga in the Management of Work Stress

Authors: P.Dervissis
Comments: 2 Pages.

In this note we are examining the contribution of yoga in the management of work stress. The need for work, its preservation but also its loss can become sources of great physical and psychological tension. Because of the current financial crisis professional stress has reached alarming levels. This has as a result the transfer of work insecurities to the home. We find that the educational character of yoga while respecting personal boundaries cultivates skill in practice and develops our degree of self –receptivity. This has as a result physical benefits that last beyond the duration of thelesson, such as relaxation, vigilance, resilience and endurance under conditions of intense competitive work stress.
Category: Mind Science