General Science and Philosophy

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Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed further down

[858] viXra:1708.0097 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-09 12:03:10

Venus' Surface

Authors: Taylor Jones
Comments: 1 Page. Venus, Surface

.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[857] viXra:1708.0061 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-07 00:45:43

The Ether Space-Textbook of the Future Science Institute, a Teaching Guide for Its Exercises, Notes and Open Problems(volume Two 2017-8-10—English Chinese Mixed Version)

Authors: Cheng Tianren
Comments: 346 Pages.

This is a series of science textbook written by Professor Jeff, which focus on mathematics and physics only in this volume. a person who has professional research level or a student being educated in a graduate school can read our textbook without much difficulty. If you truly want to improve your knowledge by reading this textbook, it is better for you to study all the open problems mentioned in this textbook carefully. To write down your unique solutions and opening thought for these problems after your reading. Any good idea about the problems appeared in this series can be mailed to the author cheng.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[856] viXra:1707.0308 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-24 11:54:21

Can Machines Think? Revisited

Authors: Sakshum Gadyal
Comments: 2 Pages.

The question whether a machine can think has a special place in computer science and modern philosophy. It has avoided the clear answer as no one know what it means to 'Think'. We all experience it though. Alan Turing developed one possible approach by not answering the question directly but by comparing the actions taken by machine and a human under same circumstances(The Turing Test). However, like any other approach, Turing test is not an absolute measure of intelligence of a system. The purpose this article is simple, to approach the question directly, by giving some arguments...
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[855] viXra:1707.0264 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-20 05:15:37

Discrete Space and Zeno's Paradoxe "The Moving Rows or Stadium"

Authors: Anton Chernikov
Comments: Pages.

In this article, I consider the construction of a model of a physical space with discrete space, matter and time. For such a space, the emergence of a contradiction of the analogous Zeno’s paradoxe "Stadium" is shown. I show the elimination of the contradiction of this paradoxe with the introduction of the concept of the order of time’s motion. The assumption about influence of time’s motion on transfer of the information about location of a matter in space that in turn can influence the future arrangement of a matter in space is advanced.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[854] viXra:1707.0104 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-06 18:16:34

From 0 to 1+1=2: On the Grand Unified Theory in Philosophy

Authors: Lei Shi
Comments: 4 Pages.

The conflict between formal logic and dialectical logic is a big problem in philosophy. This paper attempts to unify them by dialectics. Using unified methodology, we can unify all theories and establish the Grand Unified Theory in philosophy. Here we show that we must accept that there is no difference in the world and nothing makes differences which lead to matter and consciousness at the same time. That everything comes from nothing and matter and consciousness are unified, is the Grand Unified Theory in philosophy.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[853] viXra:1707.0072 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-05 08:50:11

Resolution to the Liar Paradox.

Authors: Ameet Sharma
Comments: 7 Pages.

We present a resolution to the liar paradox. The basic idea is that the liar sentence is ambiguous. Depending on the method of analysis of the liar sentence, it can express a true proposition, a false proposition or no proposition at all. There is no logical contradiction since we never get two truth values for the same proposition. We can avoid this problem of ambiguous sentences by always using the same rules of analysis for a sentence every time.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[852] viXra:1707.0014 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-02 03:15:58

4 Science Letters

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 6 Pages. Previous versions unsuccessfully submitted to Nature, New Space, Medical Journal of Australia

These letters cannot, I've discovered, be published in science or medical journals. In the first case, they don't conform to editorial standards which say they aren't suitable for the Correspondence (Letter to Editor) section. In the second case, the relevant letter (3) is not based on "evidence-based medicine" (ideas limited to verification by present technology). So it appears that the only way to express these thoughts is to be nonconformist, give science higher priority than editorial matters, and offer them to the preprint vixra.org. The 4 letters are: Letter 1 - Broken Infinity (paragraphs kept getting added to this original letter, so some references are included in the letter while some are listed at the end) Letter 2 - "Unscientific" Possibilities Of A Universal Unified Theory Letter 3 - Science's Resurrected Immortals Letter 4 - New Space-time Travel
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[851] viXra:1706.0399 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-19 17:52:24

The Nature of Reality: A Christian Perspective.

Authors: Richard A. Stovall
Comments: 20 Pages.

Part One delineates the history of science and its primacy as to the nature of reality and addresses issues that need to be resolved concerning quantum theory and, to a lesser extent, relativity theory. Part Two delineates a modified form of idealism as a possible solution to the relevant theories. Part Three investigates the theological implications of said solution. Part Four advocates Christian mysticism as a practical method of personal confirmation.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[850] viXra:1706.0382 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-18 19:03:08

Breaking a Multi-Layer Crypter Through Reverse-Engineering, a Case Study Into the Man1 Crypter

Authors: Jason Reaves
Comments: 8 Pages.

Crypters and packers are common in the malware world, lots of tech- niques have been invented over the years to help people bypass security measures commonly used. One such technique where a crypter will use multiple, sometimes dynamically generated, layers to decode and unpack the protected executable allows a crypter to bypass common security mea- sures such as Antivirus. While at the end of this paper we will have con- structed a working proof of concept for an unpacker it is by no means meant as a production level mechanism, the goal is simply to show the reversing of routines found in a crypter while using a reverse-engineering framework that is geared towards shellcode analysis to our benefit for malware analysis.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[849] viXra:1706.0377 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-18 09:19:10

Dissecting the Dyre Loader

Authors: Jason Reaves
Comments: 8 Pages.

Dyre or Dyreza, is a pretty prominent figure in the world of financial malware. The Dyre of today comes loaded with a multitude of mod- ules and features while also appearing to be well maintained. The first recorded instance of Dyre I have found is an article in June 2014 and the sample in question is version 1001, while at the time of this report Dyre is already up to version 1166. While the crypters and packers have varied over time, for at least the past 6 months Dyre has used the same loader to perform it’s initial checks and injection sequence. It is the purpose of this report to go through the various techniques and algorithms present in the loader, and at times reverse them to python proof of concepts.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[848] viXra:1706.0368 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-17 01:25:47

Entry in Cancelled Nasa Competition

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 3 Pages.

Subtitle - New Time Dimension, New Space-time Travel, & Computers of Unlimited Power In early May, I wrote the following entry for a competition being conducted by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Today I received a disappointing email advising me that the competition has been cancelled. Here's part of what it said regarding the competition's purpose and the reasons for cancellation: "NASA Cancels its High Performance Fast Computing Challenge: After careful deliberation, NASA has decided to cancel the competition it announced six weeks ago that was designed to solicit the public’s help in speeding up its Pleiades supercomputer software. Called the High Performance Fast Computing Challenge, the contest was designed to reward qualified contenders who could change the agency’s FUN3D design software so that it could run 10 to 1,000 times faster without a decrease in accuracy. The extremely high number of applicants, more than 1,800, coupled with the difficulty in satisfying the extensive vetting requirements to control the public distribution of the software made it unlikely we would achieve the challenge’s original objectives in a timely manner." My submission does not include lines of programming for the simple reason that no coding beyond that currently being used is necessary. Since NASA was looking for coding to update its Pleiades supercomputer software, I am well aware that they undoubtedly wouldn't have even considered my entry. I don't want to waste my efforts to explain new programming (and new space-time travel), however. So I'll post my entry here.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[847] viXra:1706.0043 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-05 12:22:33

Introduction to Quantum Physics and Quantum Computers

Authors: Guillermo A Rios
Comments: 70 Pages.

In the first part of this science lecture we take Richard Feynman famous words about nobody understanding quantum mechanics as a challenge to be overcome a the level of a typical sophomore college students. As a second part we examine the principles of quantum computers and run Shor algorithm as an example.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[846] viXra:1706.0031 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-04 10:44:55

La Visión Y Planes Geopolíticos de Simón Bolívar Análisis Original Y Documentado

Authors: Guillermo A Rios
Comments: 8 Pages.

Sin asumir de entrada las usuales ideas preconcebidas acerca de Simón Bolívar, su obra y sus objetivos, este trabajo de investigación histórica se basa no en arengas de campos de batalla, o comunicaciones diplomáticas, etc, sino mayormente en cartas entre Bolívar y sus colaboradores de su mayor confianza. La razón de ello es que creemos que son en esos escritos donde se puede encontrar mejor lo que Bolívar realmente pensaba y planeaba. Todo eso es analizado en el contexto de la geopolítica, global y de la incipiente Latinoamérica, de los principios del siglo XIX.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[845] viXra:1706.0020 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-02 20:57:12

An Introduction to Artificial Neural Networks

Authors: Guillermo A Rios
Comments: 12 Pages. Science Lecture

An introduction to artificial neural networks at college sophomore level.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[844] viXra:1706.0004 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-01 12:32:16

On the "Mysterious" Effectiveness of Mathematics in Science

Authors: J Gerard Wolff
Comments: 25 Pages.

This paper notes first that the effectiveness of mathematics in science appears to some writers to be "mysterious" or "unreasonable". Then reasons are given for thinking that science is, at root, the search for compression in the world. At more length, several reasons are given for believing that mathematics is, fundamentally, a set of techniques for compressing information and their application. From there, it is argued that the effectiveness of mathematics in science is because it provides a means of achieving the compression of information which lies at the heart of science. The anthropic principle provides an explanation of why we find the world - aspects of it at least - to be compressible. Information compression may be seen to be important in both science and mathematics, not only as a means of representing knowledge succinctly, but as a basis for scientific and mathematical inferences - because of the intimate relation that is known to exist between information compression and concepts of prediction and probability. The idea that mathematics may be seen to be largely about the compression of information is in keeping with the view, supported by evidence that is outlined in the paper, that much of human learning, perception, and cognition may be understood as information compression. That connection is itself in keeping with the observation that mathematics is the product of human ingenuity and an aid to human thinking.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[843] viXra:1706.0003 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-01 12:39:35

Towards a New Mathematics for Science

Authors: J Gerard Wolff
Comments: 69 Pages.

In this paper, it is argued that, despite its many strengths and undoubted value in science, mathematics also has some weaknesses as a handmaiden for science. There appears to be potential in developing a new mathematics for science (NMFS) which is designed to overcome those weaknesses and to meet more fully the needs of science. As a background to the proposals: 1) The conclusions of a companion paper are noted - that mathematics is, fundamentally, a set of techniques for the compression of information and the application of those techniques; 2) That the effectiveness of mathematics in science is because it provides a means of achieving the compression of information which lies at the heart of science; 3) Since science and mathematics are products of the human intellect, it should not be surprising to find that the workings of the human mind has an influence on both of them; and 4) The significance of information compression in science and mathematics is in line with an abundance of other evidence for the significance of information compression in human learning, perception, and thinking. Continuing the theme of information compression as a unifying principle, the "SP theory of intelligence" and its realisation in the "SP computer model" demonstrate how diverse aspects of intelligence may be modelled via information compression within the powerful framework of "multiple alignment". An NMFS is proposed, created as an amalgamation of mathematics as it is today with the SP system as it is today, including developments in both areas that are anticipated now. It is envisaged that, for reasons described in the paper, the proposed NMFS will overcome several of the apparent weaknesses in mathematics. In several sections, there is discussion of some possible implications for science of the proposed NMFS, including: potential for the long-sought-after unification of quantum mechanics and general relativity; expansion of the concept of "object" in physics; ambiguity in human perception as an analogy for the concept of superposition in quantum mechanics; the phenomenon of discontinuous dependencies in natural languages as an analogy for nonlocality and entanglement in quantum mechanics; a "waterspout" interpretation for some of the two-slits experiments; potential advantages of the proposed NMFS in the realm of statistics; and its potential to be a vehicle for the representation of *all* kinds of scientific knowledge, with consequent benefits in the processing of that knowledge.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[842] viXra:1705.0469 [pdf] submitted on 2017-05-31 06:24:06

The Third Task

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 5 Pages.

A foreseeable task.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[841] viXra:1705.0375 [pdf] submitted on 2017-05-25 18:57:51

Holy Cosmic Condensate of Dipolar Gravitons

Authors: Evgeny A. Novikov
Comments: 8 Pages.

Quantum modification of general relativity (Qmoger) is supported by cosmic data (without fitting). Qmoger equations consist of Einstein equations with two additional terms responsible for production/absorption of matter. In Qmoger cosmology there was no Big Bang and matter is continuously producing by the Vacuum. Particularly, production of the ultralight gravitons with tiny electric dipole moment was started about 284 billion years ago. Quantum effects dominate interaction of these particles and they form the quantum condensate. Under influence of gravitation, the condensate is forming galaxies and producing ordinary matter, including photons. As one important result of this activity, it recently created us, the people, and continues to support us. Particularly, our subjective experiences are a result of an interaction between the background condensate and the neural system of the brain. The action potentials of neural system create traps and coherent dynamic patterns in the dipolar condensate. So, our subjective experiences are graviton-based, which can open new directions of research in biology and medicine.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[840] viXra:1705.0372 [pdf] submitted on 2017-05-25 23:12:56

The Theoretical Model of God: Proof of the Existence and of the Uniqueness of God

Authors: Temur Z. Kalanov
Comments: 13 Pages.

The work is devoted to the 21st century’s most urgent problem: the problem of existence of God. The theoretical proof of the existence and of the uniqueness of God, based on the correct method of knowledge – unity of formal logic and of rational dialectics, – is proposed. This proof represents a theoretical model of God: a system of axioms from which the principle of existence and of uniqueness of God is deduced. The principle runs as follows: God exists as the Absolute, the Creator, the Governor of the essence (information) and of the phenomenon (material manifestation of information). The theoretical model of man and the formulation of the principle of development of Mankind – as consequences of the model of God – are proposed as well. The main conclusion is as follows: the principle of the existence and of the uniqueness of God represents absolute scientific truth and, consequently, should be a starting-point and a basis of the 21st century’s correct sciences.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[839] viXra:1705.0348 [pdf] submitted on 2017-05-24 00:04:07

Man Vs. Computer: Difference of the Essences. the Problem of the Scientific Creation

Authors: Temur Z. Kalanov
Comments: 26 Pages.

The critical analysis of the problem of creation of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and of Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) is proposed. The unity of formal logic and of rational dialectics is the methodological basis of the analysis. The main results of the analysis are as follows: (1) the model of man represents the unity of the two material aspects: “physiological body” (controllable aspect) and “psychical body” (controlling aspect); (2) the “psychical body” is the subsystem “subconsciousness + consciousness”; (3) in the comprehensive sense of the word, the thinking is an attribute of the complete system “physiological body + psychical body + environment”. (3) in the broad sense of the word, thinking and creativity are an essential feature of the subsystem “subconsciousness + consciousness”; (4) in the narrow (concise) sense of the word, thinking and creativity are the attribute of the instinct of the conservation (preservation, retention, maintenance) of life (i.e., the self-preservation instinct, the survival instinct); the instinct of the conservation of life exists in subconsciousness; (5) the instinct of the conservation of life is a system of elementary (basic) instincts; thinking is the attribute of the each elementary instinct; (6) the mechanism of thinking and the essence of creation cannot be cognized by man; (7) a computer as a device cannot think and create (in particular, it cannot prove theorems) because a computer does not have the subconsciousness; (8) the modeling of human thinking, Human Intellect, and the creation of AI and AGI are the impossible because the essential properties of the complete system “man + environment” cannot be cognized and modeled; (9) the existence of AI and AGI conflicts with the essence of the thinking; (10) the existence of AI and AGI contradict to formal-logical and rational-dialectical laws.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[838] viXra:1705.0341 [pdf] submitted on 2017-05-22 14:39:03

A Joint Language-Cognitive Computational Approach to WITTGENSTEIN’S Tractatus

Authors: Arturo Tozzi
Comments: 4 Pages.

Here we make clear a striking correlation between Wittgenstein’s Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, that assesses the logical relationships between language and world, and the successful Perlovsky’s joint language-cognitive model, that assesses the relationships between language by one side, and the knowledge instinct correlated with basic and aesthetic emotions by another side. This allows us to appraise the invaluable but dismissed Tractatus’ content in terms of the neurocomputational, mathematical techniques at hand. Therefore, the second Wittgenstein, who abandoned his previous philosophical framework, was wrong: the human language and the cognitive world can still be assessed in terms on the logic armor described by the Tractatus.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[837] viXra:1705.0319 [pdf] submitted on 2017-05-21 23:04:19

Adam Smith: An Intellectual Giant Ignored in Latin-America

Authors: Guillermo A Rios
Comments: 33 Pages.

This philosophical essay contrasts the difference in industrial/social development between the Latin-American nations and those of the developed First World, and attributes the origin of such differences to the lack of relevance that the teaching of Adam Smith have been given in those nations by their Academia and political classes. It starts with a good summary of Smith economic ideas as expressed in his book "The Wealth of Nations." Then some of those ideas are extrapolated, such as analyzing the survival value of the "trading gene" present in our species and no other (as Adam Smith keenly observed,) and also introducing the conception of modeling world wide trading as a artificial neural network, leading to the concept of human "supraintelligence" as the product of such network. Also, the philosophical battle against those that along history have sought to equate poverty with virtue, is examined, as well as the philosophical duel at the times of the Economics Enlightenment between Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Voltaire, another intellectual giant rather ignored by Latin-American Academia. At the end we retake Adam Smith ideas as the conclusion of such philosophical duel.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[836] viXra:1705.0309 [pdf] submitted on 2017-05-20 17:00:31

Simplified Mathematical Method to Compare the Ordinary R&D Teams and Single Experts

Authors: Roman Vinokur
Comments: 4 Pages.

The human factor is very important if the high-level R&D skills are needed (“Intellectuals solve problems, geniuses prevent them.” - Albert Einstein). Many people believe more in the power of teamwork than in “myths” of the lone genius [1]. However, if a project goal can be successfully achieved just by one high-skilled professional, it is not wise to delegate this duty to a group of low-skilled persons (“A great engineer is worth 100 average engineers.” - Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg [2]). Generally, the dilemma “ordinary team or single expert” is of frequent interest for R&D organizations. In this paper, an approximate mathematical approach has been developed to estimate the critical (minimum) size of an ordinary R&D team that can be more successful than a single expert. As a result, this method could help to resolve the “hire or not hire” issue.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[835] viXra:1705.0144 [pdf] submitted on 2017-05-09 04:11:47

Open Peer Review to Save the World

Authors: Philip Gibbs
Comments: 9 Pages.

Humanity faces many dangers from climate change and wars to asteroid impacts that could harm our future. Often logical reasoning does not seem to play a strong part in discussions on such subjects and even peer-review is flawed. I contend that the solution is a better system of open peer-review.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[834] viXra:1705.0021 [pdf] submitted on 2017-05-02 10:08:32

Morphing Triple Winglets

Authors: Solomon Budnik
Comments: 1 Page. NextGen aeronautics and aerodynamics

Morphing triple winglets enhance flight, reduce fuel consumption, increase flight range, negate turbulence effects, prevent stall and crash.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[833] viXra:1705.0016 [pdf] submitted on 2017-05-01 15:57:00

Rotorcraft

Authors: Solomon Budnik
Comments: 1 Page. NextGen helicopter

Amphibious VTOL hover (inflatable) tilt rotorcraft This is a multimodal land-sea-air rotorcraft, combining the properties of a hover craft and helicopter.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[832] viXra:1705.0015 [pdf] submitted on 2017-05-01 16:03:47

6th Generation Fighter Jet

Authors: Solomon Budnik
Comments: 1 Page. NextGen fighter jet

Fighter ramjet This is a 6th generation morphing fighter jet.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[831] viXra:1705.0014 [pdf] submitted on 2017-05-01 16:11:27

Superwing with Morphing Triple Winglets

Authors: Solomon Budnik
Comments: 1 Page. Nextgen aircraft wing and winglets design

Forward swept wing with morphing triple winglets. This is a superwing for NextGen superjet.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[830] viXra:1704.0340 [pdf] submitted on 2017-04-25 16:57:03

PHPR Preconditions

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 2 Pages.

A waiting period...
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[829] viXra:1704.0330 [pdf] submitted on 2017-04-25 03:13:45

A Neutrosophic Binomial Factorial Theorem with their Refrains

Authors: Huda E. Khalid, Florentin Smarandache, Ahmed K. Essa
Comments: 5 Pages.

The Neutrosophic Precalculus and the Neutrosophic Calculus can be developed in many ways, depending on the types of indeterminacy one has and on the method used to deal with such indeterminacy. This article is innovative since the form of neutrosophic binomial factorial theorem was constructed in addition to its refrains.Two other important theorems were proven with their corollaries, and numerical examples as well. As a conjecture, we use ten (indeterminate) forms in neutrosophic calculus taking an important role in limits. To serve article's aim, some important questions had been answered.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[828] viXra:1704.0289 [pdf] submitted on 2017-04-22 07:37:34

The Use of Known False Principles in Science

Authors: Clayton James Conway
Comments: 4 Pages.

A criticism of science and the unconscious manner that the Science Establishment use false logic and facts to uphold an adopted worldview to drive and stabilize the whole range of science endeavors. Human consciousness is the main component while the herd mentality is used to achieve popular consensus from the majority of societies non participants. An inability of scientists to accept basic facts and let go of a failed worldview as Kepler did. Illogics: Geologies use of two lengths of periods for one depth measurement. The use of Newton's one time corrective as a general procedure. Failure to use the rules of algebra in Einstein's equation. Faster than light gravity. Materialism requiring solidity that does not exist. The use of attraction that requires charge in a universe denied of having active charge. Denial of repelling that does not require charge. The Earth and Moon having the same charge facing each other that requires charged repelling. The sun and inner planets acting as a unit ignoring Jupiter's mass. Circular logic used to defend the adopted worldview.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[827] viXra:1704.0286 [pdf] submitted on 2017-04-21 17:50:53

Le Comete

Authors: P.F. Nali
Comments: 14 pages, in Italian. This article derived from a school homework written in the late 70s and posted on the author's webpage in 2005. It is now posted here in order to ensure wider diffusion.

As a result of a school homework some historical and physical issues on comets are presented at an amateur level.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[826] viXra:1704.0278 [pdf] submitted on 2017-04-22 01:33:53

A 100 Year Task That Involve Seven Impossible Tasks

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 6 Pages.

The First Task.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[825] viXra:1704.0208 [pdf] submitted on 2017-04-16 20:26:30

Scienza e Complessità: W. Weaver 1947

Authors: Warren Weaver, P.F. Nali
Comments: 11 pages, in Italian, reproduced under permission of Am. Sc. on Jan. 23, 2004 on the SISSA online magazine "Biblioteca dei 500" in website "ULISSE - nella rete della scienza". It is posted at this time as the website has discontinued service in Jan. 2011.

It is proposed here in the Italian version the seminal paper in which Weaver introduced the concept of complexity in modern science.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[824] viXra:1704.0207 [pdf] submitted on 2017-04-16 21:05:19

The Armageddon Scenario: War-Game

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 4 Pages.

And its resolution.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[823] viXra:1704.0188 [pdf] submitted on 2017-04-15 00:49:16

The Omega-Kardeschev Scale

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 3 Pages.

An interplay.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[822] viXra:1704.0153 [pdf] submitted on 2017-04-12 10:33:52

Animatus

Authors: Ian von Hegner
Comments: 189 Pages.

Philip M. Emrus er taget på en sidste rejse til Firenze. Den verdenskendte palæoantropolog er lige så skarp og åndsfrisk som han altid har været. Men hans krop er gammel, og helbredet skrøbeligt efter at have levet et langt og rigt liv. Emrus har ingen illusioner om, at hans dage er talte, og det havde han egentlig affundet sig med. Men en bekendt fra fortiden har sat ham stævne her i Renæssancens oprindelsessted. En bemærkelsesværdig kvinde fra fortiden ønsker at give ham et tilbud der kan forandre alt. Det er et dristigt tilbud, der ikke alene kan redde ham og give en ny chance i livet. Det er også et tilbud, der vil rokke ved manges opfattelse af hvad det vil sige at være menneske. Emrus kan genvinde livets gave, men også vende op og ned på mange indgroede forestillinger om det levede liv. Det vil udfordre manges opfattelse af grænser, og hvor langt mennesker egentlig har ret til at gå med at bestemme over egne liv.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[821] viXra:1704.0147 [pdf] submitted on 2017-04-11 13:45:25

The New Socioeconomic Formation “Solidarism” Would in 2015-25 Years

Authors: Feliks Royzenman
Comments: 6 Pages.

As it is shown by the author on basis of the discovered law of acceleration of development in the nature and society, the financial crisis getting underway is a prologue to a fundamental crisis of the mankind related to the latest changeover of socioeconomic formations which, according to the formula acceleration of public development, shall occur in 2015-25. But if the formations changeover occurs sporadically, as before, it may turn out into a bloody revolution which can lead to extinction of the human civilization. To avoid it, a model of the new society and strategy of urgent construction of this model were developed. Key words: acceleration of development, systemic crisis, socioeconomic formation, model of the future formation, strategy of formation construction.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[820] viXra:1704.0069 [pdf] submitted on 2017-04-05 23:15:57

Quint-Mode Square Ring Resonators and It’s Applications to Various Bandpass Filters

Authors: Jinli Zhang, Haihua Chen, Ming He, Lu Ji, Xinjie Zhao, Xu Zhang
Comments: 18 Pages.

A new type of quint-mode square ring resonator is proposed in this paper. Due to the symmetry of the resonator, the classical odd- and even-mode method is used to analyze the characteristics of the proposed resonator ,which shows that it has five resonant modes and three transmission zeros. As an example, a dual-band BPF with central frequencies (CFs) at 1.78/3.04 GHz and 3-dB fractional bandwidths (FBWs) of 10.1/18.1% is designed and fabricated. By tuning the widths of the microstrip sections, we can control the bandwidth of the second passband of the above BPF on a large scale and two single band bandwidth controllable BPFs with FBWs of 19.86% and 15.9% and CFs both at 3.5 GHz are designed and fabricated. In addition, asymmetric interdigital coupled line (AICL) is utilized to general proper couplings in these filters. What’s more, the five TPs can be divided into three groups by the TZs as the lengths of the specific microstrip sections changes. Therefore, we design a dual-band BPF with good band-in-band isolation between first and second passbands, which is better than that with 26.3 dB. All of the BPFs in this paper are fabricated on the Rogers 4003C substrate with h=0.508 mm, εr=3.38 and tanδ=0.0027. The results of the simulation and measurement are in good agreements.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[819] viXra:1704.0043 [pdf] submitted on 2017-04-04 08:35:16

“The Information as Absolute” Conception: a Couple of Applications in Philosophy

Authors: Sergey V. Shevchenko, Vladimir V. Tokarevsky
Comments: 15 Pages.

In the paper a more detailed consideration in framework of the “The Information as Absolute” conception of two philosophical problems “QM and the observer”, and “Has human evolution purpose?” is presented.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[818] viXra:1703.0242 [pdf] submitted on 2017-03-25 22:11:43

PHPR Protocol

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 1 Page.

Extension of Procedural Protocol.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[817] viXra:1703.0186 [pdf] submitted on 2017-03-19 12:38:08

Dissecting Human Social Purpose

Authors: Roger Schlafly
Comments: 9 Pages.

The concept of purpose used to be central to science, but has faded away because of the successes of materialist reductionism and of the failures to understand consciousness and freedom. The concept is still important, and new technology, data, and social developments present opportunities to make progress. Science is remarkably successful on many fronts, but has failed miserably on matters of freedom, consciousness, and purpose. Maybe these matters are outside the scope of science, but they are essential to finding meaning in our lives, so we ought to look seriously at what science can do. Perhaps science can help explain how individual agents can contribute to collective purpose, and in particular how personal decisions can lead to human social purpose. Submitted to the FQXi.org 2016 Essay Contest answering: “Wandering Towards a Goal: How can mindless mathematical laws give rise to aims and intention?”
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[816] viXra:1703.0181 [pdf] submitted on 2017-03-18 16:18:44

Belief

Authors: Roger Munday
Comments: 1 Page.

An opinion on scientific beliefs.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[815] viXra:1703.0146 [pdf] submitted on 2017-03-14 19:40:30

The Philosophy of Perception: an Explaination of Realism, Idealism and the Nature of Reality

Authors: Rochelle Forrester
Comments: 50 Pages.

This paper investigates the nature of reality by looking at the philosophical debate between realism and idealism and at scientific investigations in quantum physics and at recent studies of animal senses, neurology and cognitive psychology. The concept of perceptual relativity is examined and this involves looking at sense perception in other animals and various examples of perceptual relativity in science. It will be concluded that the universe is observer dependent and that there is no reality independent of the observer, which is knowable to the observer. The paper concludes by an investigation of what an observer dependent universe would be like and that recognition of an observer dependent world would lead to a more open minded and tolerant world.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[814] viXra:1703.0144 [pdf] submitted on 2017-03-14 10:57:39

Diamond: from Wedding Ring to Eye Retina

Authors: Sunil Karna
Comments: 2 Pages. leaflet

310 College st Box# 897
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[813] viXra:1702.0327 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-27 06:53:57

Exploring the Combination Rules of D Numbers From a Perspective of Conflict Redistribution

Authors: Xinyang Deng, Wen Jiang
Comments: 6 Pages.

Dempster-Shafer theory of evidence is widely applied to uncertainty modelling and knowledge reasoning because of its advantages in dealing with uncertain information. But some conditions or requirements, such as exclusiveness hypothesis and completeness constraint, limit the development and application of that theory to a large extend. To overcome the shortcomings and enhance its capability of representing the uncertainty, a novel model, called D numbers, has been proposed recently. However, many key issues, for example how to implement the combination of D numbers, remain unsolved. In the paper, we have explored the combination of D Numbers from a perspective of conflict redistribution, and proposed two combination rules being suitable for different situations for the fusion of two D numbers. The proposed combination rules can reduce to the classical Dempster's rule in Dempster-Shafer theory under a certain conditions. Numerical examples and discussion about the proposed rules are also given in the paper.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[812] viXra:1702.0325 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-26 20:02:42

The Scientific Age and the Scientific Process

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 7 Pages.

A delicate distinction.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[811] viXra:1702.0311 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-25 08:47:21

Corrig Idx

Authors: Prado, Pf et al
Comments: 1 Page.

1
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[810] viXra:1702.0282 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-22 11:27:57

Corrig 4

Authors: Prado, PF et al
Comments: 1 Page.

corrig references
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[809] viXra:1702.0266 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-21 05:24:34

Another Pathway

Authors: Prado, PF et al
Comments: 1 Page.

invest.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[808] viXra:1702.0193 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-16 09:33:37

Corrig 2

Authors: Prado, PF et al
Comments: 1 Page.

corr
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[807] viXra:1702.0177 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-15 06:19:13

Corrigendum 1702.0059v1

Authors: Prado, PF et al
Comments: 0 Pages.

error corrections
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[806] viXra:1702.0126 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-10 01:45:24

Future of Humankind in Light of New Science

Authors: Evgeny A. Novikov
Comments: 2 Pages.

Some aspects of the future of humankind are considered based on application of the quantum modification of general relativity. Particularly, the energy supply from the vacuum and a new form of communication are discussed.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[805] viXra:1702.0063 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-04 05:22:32

Possible Pathway

Authors: Prado, PF et al
Comments: 1 Page.

pathway
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[804] viXra:1702.0059 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-04 06:20:29

1

Authors: Prado, PF et al
Comments: 1 Page.

1
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[803] viXra:1702.0017 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-01 21:25:56

Star Trek is War-Like

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 4 Pages.

An exploration of the star trek universe in relation to the theme of conflict and self-actualization.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[802] viXra:1702.0007 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-01 05:06:04

General Ideas

Authors: Prado, PF et al
Comments: 1 Page.

General ideas
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[801] viXra:1701.0638 [pdf] submitted on 2017-01-27 14:30:51

Lessons from our Solar System

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 5 Pages.

The charges of matter are symmetry debts of light. Gravity is matter's memory it once was light.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[800] viXra:1701.0613 [pdf] submitted on 2017-01-25 14:41:49

Links of Gravity with Electromagnetic and Weak Couplings at Low Energies

Authors: P. R. Silva
Comments: 09 pages, 12 references.

– Electrons interacting with the QED vacuum and distorting the space-time tissue are considered as a means to express the gravitational constant in terms of electromagnetic parameters. The link between gravity and weak interactions is also worked out in this paper. Finally we extend the first treatment to hadrons, in order to evaluate the strong interaction coupling at low energies (at the energy scale of the proton mass).
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[799] viXra:1701.0489 [pdf] submitted on 2017-01-14 08:44:58

Avrocar: um Verdadeiro Disco Voador

Authors: Desire Francine Gobato, Ricardo Gobato, Jonas Liasch
Comments: 1 Page. Panel presented at the XVI Week of Physics of the State University of Londrina, Paraná, Brazil, September 2011..

One of the most unusual V / STOL military aircraft programs was the Avro VZ-9 "Avrocar". Designed to be a true flying saucer, Avrocar was one of the few V / STOL to be developed in complete stealth. Despite significant design changes, during flight trials, Avrocar was unable to achieve its objectives, and the program was eventually canceled after spending $ 10 million between 1954 and 1961. Raise data and information related to the Avrocar project carried out during World War II, which was directly linked to the advances of the aircraft that were built after it. Also study the data obtained and correlate them with the turbo fan engines used today.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[798] viXra:1701.0468 [pdf] submitted on 2017-01-11 23:10:52

Mathematical Logic, Temporal Knowledge and the Arrow of Causation

Authors: Stephen I. Ternyik
Comments: 5 Pages.

The teleology of economic knowledge and causality is discussed, in terms of mathematical and temporal aspects.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[797] viXra:1701.0344 [pdf] submitted on 2017-01-09 16:56:48

The Tabernacle Geometry

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 73 Pages. the study interest for the tabernacle geometry only

This Study interest for the Tabernacle Geometrical details where the geometrical data isn't clearly complete in the Holy Bible (Exodus Book) So I had to conclude many geometrical details logically for that the study is interesting because it depends basically on the geometrical logic.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[796] viXra:1701.0334 [pdf] submitted on 2017-01-08 18:10:20

Matter and Energy in a Non-Relativistic Approach Amongst the Mustard Seed and the ”faith”. a Metaphysical Conclusion

Authors: Ricardo Gobato
Comments: 14 Pages. Parana Journal of Science and Education, v.2, n.3, March 10, 2016 PJSE, ISSN 2447-6153, c 2015-2016

The work is the result of a philosophical study of several passages of the Holy Bible, with regard to faith. We analyzed verses that include mustard seed parables. The study discusses the various concepts of faith as belief and faith as a form of energy. In this concept of faith as energy, we made a connection and this matter. We approach the gravitational field using the Law of Universal Gravitation and the equation of equivalence between energy and matter not to relativistic effects. Of Scriptures, we focus on Matthew 17:20, and according to the concept of faith as a form of energy, we calculate the energy needed to raise a mountain, for the conversion of matter to energy in a mustard seed and we compare a massive iron mountain, Mount Everest and Mount Sinai. We conclude with these concepts and considerations that energy ”faith” can move a mountain.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[795] viXra:1701.0331 [pdf] submitted on 2017-01-08 14:31:48

A Study in the Holy Bible

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 279 Pages.

This study devoted to the tabernacle & Great pyramids geometries in addition to analyze the church icons Also the study offers an interpretation for the tabernacle with some deep philosophy for the dualism.. The study in Arabic Language (Part Two)
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[794] viXra:1701.0266 [pdf] submitted on 2017-01-03 13:58:10

On IEEE 802.16: Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access

Authors: Rahul Singha Chowdhury, Sourangsu Banerji
Comments: 17 Pages.

Current wireless broadband technologies have now been providing omnipresent broadband access to wireless subscribers which were only confined to the wire line users till sometime ago. Traditionally, the wireless technologies have been categorized based on their area of coverage. The IEEE 802.11 and ETSI HiperLAN standards are the de facto standards of wireless access in local areas. Whereas IEEE 802.16 and 802.22, ETSI HiperACCESS and HiperMAN, WiBro, and HAP technologies has been predominantly used for providing service in metropolitan and cosmopolitan areas.

There have been many papers written in the recent past covering various types of wireless broadband access technologies, ranging from WLANs to satellite communications. But the study carried out previously never captured the entire spectrum of all such technologies, and even if one particular family of the wireless broadband access technology was scrutinized, the authors somehow concentrated only on certain aspects. In this paper, we aim to bridge that gap by summarizing one of the emerging wireless broadband access technologies i.e. IEEE 802. 16: WiMAX family in detail. Though some of the earliest versions of this family date back to the early decade and some are even out of practice, still we have included them in our study for the sake of completeness and a sense of insight.


Category: General Science and Philosophy

[793] viXra:1701.0013 [pdf] submitted on 2017-01-03 01:45:00

Topology of P vs NP

Authors: Koji KOBAYASHI
Comments: 4 Pages.

This paper describes about P vs NP by using topological approach. We modify computation history as “Problem forest”, and define special problem family “Wildcard problem” and “Maximal complement Wildcard problem” to simplify relations between every input. “Problem forest” is directed graph with transition functions edges and computational configuration nodes with effective range of tape. Problem forest of DTM is two tree graph which root are accepting & rejecting configuration, which leaves are inputs, trunks are computational configuration with effective range of tape. This tree shows TM's interpretation of symmetry and asymmetry of each input. From the view of problem forest, some NTM inputs are marged partly, and all DTM inputs are separated totally. Therefore NTM can compute implicitly some type of partial (symmetry) overrap, and DTM have to compute explicitly. “WILDCARD (Wildcard problem family)” and “MAXCARD (Maximal complement Wildcard problem family)” is special problem families that push NTM branches variations into inputs. If “CONCRETE (Concrete Problem)” that generate MAXCARD is in P-Complete, then MAXCARD is in PH, and these inputs have many overrap. DTM cannot compute these overrap conditions implicitly, and these conditions are necesarry to compute MAXCARD input, so DTM have to compute these conditions explicitly. These conditions are over polynomial size and DTM take over polynomial steps to compute these conditions explicitly. That is, PH is not P, and NP is not P.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[792] viXra:1612.0417 [pdf] submitted on 2016-12-31 16:18:02

Use of Bayesian Belief Networks in Predicting Contamination of Drinking Water with e. Coli in Rural Vietnam.

Authors: David C. Hall, Quynh Ba Le
Comments: 11 Pages.

A Bayesian Belief Network (BBN) was designed to describe association between various deterministic and probabilistic variables gathered from 600 small scale integrated (SSI) farmers in Vietnam. The variables relate to E. coli content of their drinking water, sourced on-farm from wells and rain water. Sensitivity analysis of the model revealed that choice variables were particularly likely to influence endpoint values, reflecting the highly variable and impactful nature of preferences, attitudes, and beliefs relating to mitigation strategies. This BBN model of SSI farming in Vietnam is helpful to understanding the complexity of small scale agriculture as well as for identifying and estimating impact of policy options, particularly where combined with other analytical and policy tools. With appropriate knowledge translation, the model results will be particularly useful for helping SSI farmers understand their options for engaging in water public health mitigation strategies that do not disrupt their chosen livelihoods.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[791] viXra:1612.0416 [pdf] submitted on 2016-12-31 16:39:19

Mitigation of Water Related Zoonotic Diseases on Small-Scale Integrated Farms in Vietnam.

Authors: Quynh Ba Le, David C. Hall
Comments: 23 Pages.

The goals of this study were to 1) assess basic microbial and other quality indicators of drinking and domestic water and 2) identify factors associated with E. coli contamination of drinking and domestic water on 600 small-scale integrated (SSI) farms in the provinces of Thai Binh and An Giang in Vietnam. The cross-sectional study relied on questionnaires and on-farm water samples analyzed using standard methods from the Vietnam national protocol for water quality testing. Our results showed that SSI farmers frequently used water of poor quality contaminated with E. coli for domestic purposes. In Thai Binh for example, well water had a mean E. coli count of 356.5 cfu/100 mls. There were significant differences in the frequencies of use and the levels of E. coli contamination regarding water for domestic purposes between the two provinces. Analysis of associated factors revealed that socioeconomic status of farmers and their perceptions of risk factors for water related zoonotic disease (WRZD) transmission were significantly associated with E. coli contamination of domestic water. These findings would be informative in the course of formulation of water related interventions and policies, particularly for improving farmer awareness of risk factors for WRZD transmission and improvement of SSI farm water quality in general. Further research should explore farmers’ strategies to mitigate WRZD transmission and factors that may influence those strategies.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

Replacements of recent Submissions

[181] viXra:1707.0314 [pdf] replaced on 2017-08-14 20:47:46

Fine Soccer(2)

Authors: Morio Kikuchi
Comments: 26 Pages.

We modify the present rule of soccer in order to be able to get points of plural kinds referring to the point system of rugby.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[180] viXra:1705.0112 [pdf] replaced on 2017-08-14 20:50:22

Fine Soccer

Authors: Morio Kikuchi
Comments: 61 Pages.

We modify the present rule of soccer in order to be able to get points of plural kinds referring to the point system of rugby.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[179] viXra:1704.0278 [pdf] replaced on 2017-04-22 20:06:18

A 100 Year Task That Involve Seven Impossible Task

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 7 Pages.

The First Task.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[178] viXra:1704.0188 [pdf] replaced on 2017-04-16 05:52:07

The Omega-Kardeschev Scale

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 4 Pages.

An interplay.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[177] viXra:1704.0043 [pdf] replaced on 2017-06-09 08:07:07

The Information as Absolute” Conception: a Couple of Applications in Philosophy

Authors: Sergey V. Shevchenko, Vladimir V. Tokarevsky
Comments: Two version is presented: English, pages 1-21; and Russian, pages 21-44

In this paper a more detailed consideration in framework of the “The Information as Absolute” conception of two philosophical problems “QM and the observer”, and “Has human evolution purpose?” is presented. В рамках концепции “Информация как Абсолют” в статье представлено более подробное рассмотрение двух философских проблем - “Квантовая механика и наблюдатель ”, и “Имеет ли эволюция человека цель?”.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[176] viXra:1704.0043 [pdf] replaced on 2017-06-08 12:34:58

The Information as Absolute” Conception; a Couple of Applications in Philosophy

Authors: Sergey V. Shevchenko, Vladimir V. Tokarevsky
Comments: Engl and Rus versions: Engl – pages 1- 20; Rus pages 21-43

In this paper a more detailed consideration in framework of the “The Information as Absolute” conception of two philosophical problems “QM and the observer”, and “Has human evolution purpose?” is presented. В рамках концепции “Информация как Абсолют” в статье представлено более подробное рассмотрение двух философских проблем - “Квантовая механика и наблюдатель ”, и “Имеет ли эволюция человека цель?”.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[175] viXra:1704.0043 [pdf] replaced on 2017-04-08 05:19:22

“The Information as Absolute” Conception: a Couple of Applications in Philosophy

Authors: Sergey V. Shevchenko, Vladimir V. Tokarevsky
Comments: The text contains two versions: English, pages 1-16; and Russian, pages 17-35

Abstract. In this paper a more detailed consideration in framework of the “The Information as Absolute” conception of two philosophical problems “QM and the observer”, and “Has human evolution purpose?” is presented.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[174] viXra:1703.0144 [pdf] replaced on 2017-03-22 09:29:50

Diamond: from Wedding Ring to Eye Retina

Authors: Sunil Karna
Comments: 2 Pages. leaflet

310 College st Box# 897
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[173] viXra:1702.0139 [pdf] replaced on 2017-04-14 21:55:37

A Training System with a Machine for a Ball Game

Authors: Morio Kikuchi
Comments: 15 Pages.

This is a system which simulates a ball game and a machine is substituted for one player in it.
Category: General Science and Philosophy