General Science and Philosophy

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Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed farther down

[978] viXra:1812.0240 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-13 13:40:18

Reversing Teerac

Authors: Jason Reaves
Comments: 10 Pages. Malware research into Teerac variant of TorrentLocker

2016 is filled with what seems like a new Ransomware every day, whether the influx is due to the recent sale of the CryptoWall source code or the actors involved in Dyre have since moved on to something profitable after the reported takedown, it would appear that for the time being pushing Ransomware is the new hip thing in the malware world. Most of the big names in Ransomware have had plenty of papers and research done but lots of the newer variants while possibly being based on either leaked or sold code will more often than not make changes in order to make themselves unique. Teerac which is a variant of TorrentLocker with a subdomain generation feature to the hardcoded domain is no exception to this as the malware matches multiple reports on TorrentLocker with the exception of an added subdomain generation.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[977] viXra:1812.0211 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-11 05:42:51

Existence is a Travel Through 3 Scales of the 5th Dimension

Authors: Luis Sancho
Comments: 10 Pages.

This paper resumes in 10 pages the scalar, decametric organic systems of the 5th dimension of space-time, information. We introduce the fifth dimension that organizes parts into wholes, its metric, its main system in simultaneous space, the superorganism, and in time, the worldcycle of existence, describing life as a travel through 3 scales of the 5th dimension. Finally we introduce the 3 scalar levels of time motions, the mathematical spatial continuous level of calculus, the discontinuous causal level of logic repetitive actions and the Deep time, organic level of evolution, which allow us to forecast the futures not only of physical systems, but biologic and social systems.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[976] viXra:1812.0207 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-11 16:31:35

Ole Romer

Authors: Gerard Garroch
Comments: 18 Pages.

hypothesis based on real time events
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[975] viXra:1812.0199 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-12 03:15:46

The Future Science Institute (Volume Ⅱ Issue 2017-2018)

Authors: Cheng Tianren
Comments: 266 Pages.

This journal is not a popular journal for public, it is a professional research level journal for scientist and artist, even for litterateur. It focus on many topics in mainstream science, especially for future science. Since this journal is very complicated and professional, so we use the “problem-proposed problem-analysis problem-solving” mode to explain our research,to make readers easier to understand. If you truly want to improve your knowledge by reading this journal, it is better for you to study the problems mentioned in this journal carefully. To write down your unusual solutions for these problems after you have read them. Any good idea about the problems appeared in this journal can be mail to author cheng.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[974] viXra:1812.0173 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-09 06:44:21

Results of Work of LHC

Authors: Gunn Quznetsov
Comments: 33 Pages.

Here are some of the results of the LHC.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[973] viXra:1812.0170 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-09 09:56:48

The 5 Dimensional Motions of the Fractal Universe and Its 'stiences'

Authors: Luis Sancho
Comments: 280 Pages. This paper introduces new research on the 5th Dimension, a paperbook uploaded a few years ago

The Universe is a fractal scalar, organic system of 5 Dimensions of space-time. The fifth dimension is made of the 'different co-existing scales', which from the simplest forces through particles, atoms, molecules, matter, organisms, super organisms, planetary systems and galaxies, create an 'organic network structure', which amazing enough since it was discovered at the beginning of science with telescope and microscopes, was not formalized till I introduce its metric equation in the milieu of systems sciences. In mathematical science for a dimension of space-time to exist, it requires a metric equation, which combines space, and time to gives us a co-invariant system that allows to travel through such dimension. The fifth dimension has a 'metric equation', hence it exists. The equations for a given number of scales co-existing in an organic network is S (size in space) x T (speed of time cycles) = Constant. Stiences study the Disomorphic laws of species, each one focused in a scale of the eusocial 5th Dimension, with different jargons, which we shall unify as all what exist is homologic, made of the same Dimotions (ab. Dimensional motion), which force them to exist as part of super organisms tracing worldcycles, with a ternary structure in space, time and scales, guided by a still, linguistic mind, which projects its smaller mirror images of form in its territorial body waves, creating its fractal scalar structure, broken though by the entropic limits of its perceptive reach. The main nested super organisms humans perceive are: the galatom, where nested thermodynamic planets exist, where nested human social organisms self-centered in visual, verbal, mathematic and logic minds create its order with social and mechanical memes, carried by individuals where nested cellular systems exist, coded by genes, made of even smaller atoms and particles coded by quantum numbers. Yet all those scales are unified by the co-invariant metric equations of each of its synchronous time clocks. It means when we become smaller within such organic network, our time clocks accelerate. And vice versa. For example, in your organism the equation relates the cellular genetic scale, whose time cycles run much faster than your biological cycles. As information is stored in the form and frequency of time clocks, it follows that in all nature's organisms, smaller systems code the information of larger systems. Each 'stience' therefore specializes in the study of a nested super organism, or scale of the fifth dimension (∆±¡), We study 3 fundamental super organisms of the 5th dimension. The 'galatom', whose metric equation is H(Planck constant of angular momentum) x C (speed of light) = C, whereas h is an obvious 'cyclical time clock' and C an obvious measure of speed-distances in space. And indeed, smaller scales have faster turning particles, and larger systems move in slower cycles. (Vortex law: Vo x Ro = k). In biology we study families of animals such as mammals where larger organisms have slower metabolic cycles. In history we study social organisms, whose cycles of life and death, will define the evolution of nations and civilizations. And in each of those organisms, smaller systems code larger ones. So the quantum numbers of particles code matter, genes code biologic organisms, and memes code societies.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[972] viXra:1811.0377 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-23 09:22:44

Hallucinationer Och Sinnesfysiologi

Authors: Magnus Carlsson
Comments: 1 Page.

How should the word 'hallucination' be defined in a dictionary? A suggestion is given. How can general statements be made within sense physiology? A suggestion is given.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[971] viXra:1811.0326 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-22 05:14:42

Am I Dreaming?

Authors: Igor Hrnčić
Comments: 309 Pages.

Simulation theory and enlightenment in religion, philosophy and science.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[970] viXra:1811.0098 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-06 13:47:56

Mexico and BEPS

Authors: Leonardo Javier Belen
Comments: 6 Pages.

A Premier study on BEPS on Mexico
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[969] viXra:1810.0405 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-24 21:35:25

Tomorrow’s Physics Alters Information Technology Which Alters Global Economics and Social Science

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 8 Pages.

Hidden Variables are presently hypothetical factors based on the belief that the theory of quantum mechanics is incomplete. Their identification would lead to exact predictions, not just probabilities, for the outcomes of measurements. Albert Einstein is the most famous proponent of hidden variables (it will be shown that the variables are compatible with entanglement, what Einstein called the result of “spooky action at a distance”). Their existence would vindicate his belief that quantum mechanics is lacking something. If probability is deleted at the universe’s most fundamental level, computer-generated random numbers (and the online security which is based on them) will become vulnerable to computer hackers. Addressing the security of credit cards, a partial remedy would be to develop a worldwide system for increasing each person’s standard of living that totally eliminates money in all its forms. Then there’d be no credit-card details for hackers to steal. This radical step seems to be possible because the human instinct to survive is much greater than other drives such as self-interest and greed. If money ceases to be an option, people will freely share and cooperate if that’s the only way to not merely ensure survival, but to actually improve everyone’s standard of life. The security of government and military records that are encrypted online depends on people eventually realizing that we’re all invisibly and permanently connected (by Hidden Variables). Then hurting others in any manner is the same as hurting yourself and hackers would simply have no motive to hack in evil ways. Realization of our invisible/permanent interconnectedness would also be of great assistance in achieving post-economic sharing and cooperation. This invisible, permanent connection affects not just every part of space (including on Earth) but also every part of time, since physics says space and time can never be separated - giving living beings a conscious existence that continues after death and, bizarrely, before conception.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[968] viXra:1810.0362 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-23 00:08:43

Le Politique :projet Miliaire

Authors: Rachid ELAÏDI
Comments: 58 Pages.

sur le politique du monde arabe et en particulier Maroc, Algérie,Egypte
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[967] viXra:1810.0334 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-20 12:56:41

To Events in Kerch

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 2 Pages. -

It isn't necessary to be Sherlock Holmes to restore and completely to understand an event.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[966] viXra:1810.0045 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-05 02:57:21

On the Equation of „theory of Everything“

Authors: RNTomas Ptacek
Comments: 2 Pages.

This article contains a conception and statements of new „Theory of everything“ based on same features occured throught the disciplines. In general it describes a mathematical explanation of the question „why is there something instead of nothing“ but throught the multidisciplinarity it touches also physics including an interpretation of quantum mechanics. In the future it will need other development of its statements. I wrote more than 1300 pages about this, this is just a brief summary. A reader should make an abstraction from the disciplines themselves (mathematics, physics, philosophy and so on) to understand the logic contained in the article.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[965] viXra:1810.0014 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-01 05:28:33

Physics of the Future. Chapter I. Mind Over Matter (In Rusian)

Authors: Michio Kaku.
Comments: 39 Pages. in Russian

According to the author, the term "ubiquitous computing" coined Mark Weiser to show the principles of human interaction with the environment endowed with signs of intelligence. This concept is basic in the description of the model of human interaction with the computer system, in which the user is surrounded by computing devices integrated into the everyday things of the environment. In contrast to virtual reality, where there is a virtual world that computer reflects for person - with ubiquitous computing computers are brought into the real world around the person. This world consists of many digital mini-assistants (intelligence environment). Thus, by ubiquitous computing understand computers in the human world, not the human world inside the computer.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[964] viXra:1810.0002 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-01 01:18:04

A Revolution in Water Science? Review of Revolutionary Themes in the Bulgaria Water Conference 2017

Authors: Andrew Holster
Comments: 73 Pages. This is a converted powerpoint presentation without the narration.

This is a review of revolutionary scientific themes promoted at the international water conference in 2017. This conference is held annually in Bulgaria and has been growing from 2005-2017. Three broad revolutionary themes are identified as paradigm-breaking theories of water structure, water memory, and water consciousness. Concepts are briefly summarized, and an attempt is made to evaluate progress and plausibility of claims. It is concluded that this conference indeed represents the focal point of a real scientific revolution in progress (as conference promoters claim). The quality of novel research presentations is high across areas of chemistry, physics, biology, medicine, and measurement and technology.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[963] viXra:1809.0581 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-29 16:54:26

Refutation of Relativity on Absolute Moralism

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to the author by email at: info@ersatz-systems dot com.

The notion of relativity on absolute moralism is refuted.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[962] viXra:1809.0530 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-27 04:01:47

Self-Amplified Research: A Sustainable Avalanche?

Authors: István Daruka
Comments: 9 Pages.

We elaborate briefly on the tacit metamorphosis of scientific research evolving from the contemplative, curiosity driven phase into the industrial, profit-driven phase. It appears that the involved positive feedback mechanisms render the current, postmodern research system an exponentially bursting complex object, persistently expanding further in a self-locked, 'confined to grow' setting. This current, highly effective research system involving millions of scientists worldwide is generally considered as a paramount success story, so there is not much internal driving force emerging towards the critical, multilateral investigation and assessment of long-term research dynamics. Here we discuss some emergent, potentially menacing consequences, including inflation-instabilities and complexity related systemic risks of the current, self-amplified research trends. Our hope is to raise attention and initiate interdisciplinary calls on these covert, yet crucial issues, in order to keep our research system genuinely sustainable, enabling science to serve the peace and well-being of humankind further.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[961] viXra:1809.0517 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-24 05:42:46

1i/2017 u1 Oumuamua: Metamorphosis During Journey to Inner Solar System

Authors: José J. Astorkia
Comments: 9 Pages.

The first interstellar interloper observed 1I/2017 U1 OUMUAMUA presents unexpected features in a interstellar minor body. This paper looks plausibility of changes in these features in solar system. And search a mechanism for these changes.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[960] viXra:1809.0495 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-23 07:30:21

Sarva Vidya - The Essence of Everything

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 171 Pages.

All the aspects of wisdom are covered in a smooth flow, that can completely explain the universe in all its levels. The ultimate spiritual source is Advaita Vedanta and Sri Vidya. From there, Mysticism and Spiritual Path follows, as do perspectives and mindsets. These give rise to measurement - hypernumbers and numbers, arithmetic and geometry. Hypernumbers arise from the flow of mind, and may describe anything from science to art to fiction, fantasy and even dreams - the possibility space is infinite. The physical world though is a restriction of the possibilities through the system of logic. The special shape of Sri Yantra is formed, unraveling in 8 dimensions to give the most perfect shape - E8. The Sri Yantra yields through Avaranas, the nine digits of our number system, which describes the physical world, and along with it, all mathematical operations, geometry etc. The E8 acquires context as physical charges, and forms the underlying basis of a system of chaotic signals acting as qubits, entangling the 8 states to give 240 subatomic particles. Breaking the E8 symmetry through a non-zero Higgs Field creates space time, and our universe is born. It expands, giving rise to Dark Energy, and creating various states of matter including Dark Matter. Particles, ions, atoms, and molecules are successively created, leading to macromolecules such as RNA and DNA. Their sustenance and signaling abilities facilitate the genesis of life. The Genetic Code is seen to arise from the concepts embodied by Sri Yantra. This gives rise to the Vedic language - the ancestor to all spoken language on Earth. Genetic Code and evolution leads to ultimately humans, whose populations lead to races in different regions of the world, explained by Y-DNA Haplogroup mutations as Manvantaras. As civilizations slowly grow, Vedic language slowly transforms into many local languages, who then lose touch with Vedic wisdom. To ensure spiritual wisdom is not lost, the Divine manifests in different forms in different regions. These are the birth of religions. A person whose mind is sufficiently purified by religion enters mystic and spiritual realms of thought, and enters the spiritual process of sixteen stages. This takes us back to the Truth of Advaita, and the cycle is complete.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[959] viXra:1809.0296 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-15 01:03:28

State Administration on Science

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 3 Pages. -

Comments to speech of the president of Sergeyev A.M. Russian Academy of Sciences.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[958] viXra:1809.0268 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-12 05:42:36

The History Shown at Cinema

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 5 Pages. -

The comment to viewing of the movie "Taurus"
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[957] viXra:1809.0267 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-12 05:47:24

Napoleon in Egypt

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 7 Pages. -

Evident history for fifth-graders
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[956] viXra:1809.0253 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-13 02:33:46

"SCIENTIFIC" Criticism

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 2 Pages. -

Practice of scientific inquisition. Prevention of the publication on the basis of opinion of one reviewer
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[955] viXra:1809.0236 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-11 18:02:31

Pseudo-Scientific Superstitious Mythology

Authors: John Roach
Comments: 2 Pages.

The Disciples & the High Priests of the Pseudo-Scientific Superstitious Mythology of the Modern Theoretical Sciences. Dedicated to Gregor Mendel, Georges Sagnac, Herbert Dingle & Thomas Kuhn
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[954] viXra:1809.0173 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-08 08:08:24

Scalar Gun – Some Construction Details

Authors: Vitaliy Zamsha, Vladimir Shevtsov
Comments: 2 Pages. extra to existing article!

In this article authors represented some technical and construction details of the scalar gun described in the original article - " Magnetic Scalar Field Generator "
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[953] viXra:1808.0662 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-30 22:19:08

For Review Only

Authors: HaiYing SHEN
Comments: 11 Pages.

For review only
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[952] viXra:1808.0643 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-29 10:31:17

From the End of Unitary Science Projection to the Causally Complete Complexity Science: Extended Mathematics, Solved Problems, New Organisation and Superior Purposes

Authors: Andrei P. Kirilyuk
Comments: 15 pages, 44 refs; Published as section 8.5 of the book: A. P. Kirilyuk, Theory of Everything, Ultimate Reality and the End of Humanity: Extended Sustainability by the Universal Science of Complexity (LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing, Beau Bassin, 2017)

The deep crisis in modern fundamental science development is ever more evident and openly recognised now even by mainstream, official science professionals and leaders. By no coincidence, it occurs in parallel to the world civilisation crisis and related global change processes, where the true power of unreduced scientific knowledge is just badly missing as the indispensable and unique tool for the emerging greater problem solution and further progress at a superior level of complex world dynamics. Here we reveal the mathematically exact reason for the crisis in conventional science, containing also the natural and unified problem solution in the form of well-specified extension of usual, artificially restricted paradigm. We show how that extended, now causally complete science content provides various "unsolvable" problem solutions and opens new development possibilities for both science and society, where the former plays the role of the main, direct driver for the latter. We outline the related qualitative changes in science organisation, practice and purposes, giving rise to the sustainability transition in the entire civilisation dynamics towards the well-specified superior level of its unreduced, now well understood and universally defined complexity.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[951] viXra:1808.0615 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-28 23:45:35

Flood with Its Probable Datings

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 21 Pages. -

Statement of a question. If the Flood noted in the Bible really existed, from it naturally there had to be numerous material traces. Such traces are available.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[950] viXra:1808.0556 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-24 17:19:22

Low-Temperature Energy Efficiency of Lithium-Ion Batteries

Authors: Ashkan Nazari, Roja Esmaeeli, Seyed Reza Hashemi, Haniph Aliniagerdroudbari, Siamak Farhad
Comments: 7 Pages.

In this study, the low-temperature energy efficiency of lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) with different chemistries and nominal capacities at various charge and discharge rates is studied through multi-physics modeling and computer simulation. The model is based on the irreversible heat generation in the battery, leading to the charge/discharge efficiency in LIBs with graphite/LiFePO4, graphite/LiMn2O4, and graphite/LiCoO2 electrode materials in which the effects of the battery nominal capacity at various charge and discharge rates are studied. Using characterized sources of the heat generation in the LIB leads to providing a battery efficiency plot at different operation condition for each LIBs. The results of this study assist the battery engineers to have much more accurate prediction over the efficiency of the LIBs at low temperatures.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[949] viXra:1808.0555 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-24 17:23:29

Experimental Investigation on Newtonian Drop Formation in Different Continuous Phase Fluids

Authors: Ashkan Nazari, Arash Nazari
Comments: 5 Pages.

In this work, formation water drops as a Newtonian fluid in different bulk fluids are investigated. A MATLAB code has been developed to process the images taken via a high speed camera in the lab to measure the contact angle of drop, as well as the drop’s diameter and volume at different stages of formation. It is found that the water drop shows similar behavior when they shaped in the liquid phase bulk fluid with different properties while the drop formation’s behavior is substantially different when water drops are formed in the gas bulk fluid. In addition, it is tried to predict the frequency of drop formation at different flow rates with regard to the inertial and surface tension forces applied to the dispread fluid.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[948] viXra:1808.0554 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-24 17:26:46

Fast Fault Diagnosis of a Lithium-Ion Battery for Hybrid Electric Aircraft

Authors: Seyed Reza Hashemi, Ashkan Nazari, Roja Esmaeeli, Haniph Aliniagerdroudbari, Muapper Alhadri, Waleed Zakri, Abdul Haq Mohammed, Ajay Mahajan, Siamak Farhad
Comments: 8 Pages.

A well-designed battery management system along with a set of voltage and current sensors is required to properly measure and control the battery cell operational variables for Hybrid Electric Aircrafts (HEAs). Some critical functions of the battery including State-Of-Charge (SOC) and State-Of-Health (SOH) estimations, over-current, and over-/under-voltage protections are mainly related to current and voltage sensor measurements. Therefore, in case of battery faults occur in HEA, designing a reliable and robust diagnostic procedure is essential. In this study, for Li-ion batteries, a new and fast fault diagnosis technique via collecting data is proposed. Finally, the effectiveness of the proposed diagnostic method is validated, and the results show how over-charge, over-discharge and sensor faults can be accurately detected.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[947] viXra:1808.0553 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-24 17:28:02

Optimization of a Rainbow Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting System for Tire Monitoring Applications

Authors: RojaEsmaeeli, Haniph Aliniagerdroudbari, Ashkan Nazari, Seyed Reza Hashemi, Muapper Alhadri, Waleed Zakri, Abdul Haq Mohammed, Celal Batur, Siamak Farhad
Comments: 8 Pages.

Ambient energy harvesting using piezoelectric transducers is becoming popular to provide power for small microelectronics devices. The deflection of tires during rotation is an example of the source of energy for electric power generation. This generated power can be used to feed tire self-powering sensors for bicycles, cars, trucks, and airplanes. The aim of this study is to optimize the energy efficiency of a rainbow shape piezoelectric transducer mounted on the inner layer of a pneumatic tire for providing enough power for microelectronics devices required to monitor tires. For this aim a rainbow shape piezoelectric transducer is adjusted with the tire dimensions and excited based on the car speed and strain. The geometry and load resistance effects of the piezoelectric transducer is optimized using Multiphysics modeling and finite element analysis.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[946] viXra:1808.0295 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-19 09:07:23

Implementing Green Certifications (ISO14001 and EMAS) in AVANI Central

Authors: Sahan Fernando
Comments: 10 Pages.

Study Structure First a review of the extent literature on environmental management will be developed, focusing on EMAS and ISO14001 in the hospitality industry, the stakeholder’s role in ensuring environmental management and challenges of implementing environment certifications. Then the method will be used in the analysis of the study can be outlined. The data obtained address the extent to which the findings show support for the study objectives and aim and suggestions for hoteliers will be established. Lastly conclusions can be discussed and limitations and some suggestions for future. Study aims The aim of this study is to explore the implementation of green practices in the Hotel AVANI and investigate the benefits that the hotel can obtain from implementing certifications such as the ISO14001 and EMAS.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[945] viXra:1808.0124 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-09 11:44:10

Universal Archetypes of Sense Perception

Authors: Royan Rosche
Comments: 3 Pages.

Sense perception reveals fundamental qualities of the universe for the benefit of the human being.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[944] viXra:1808.0123 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-09 12:39:27

Risk-Reduction Credit for Very Early Warning Fire Detection at Nuclear Power Plants: from Faq to Fiction

Authors: Raymond H Gallucci
Comments: 14 Pages.

In 2004, the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), with support from the commercial nuclear power industry, adopted the 2001 Edition of National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Standard 805, “Performance-Based Standard for Fire Protection for Light Water Reactor Electric Generating Plants,” as the means by which commercial nuclear power licensees could comply with Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Part 50.48[c], to replace deterministic fire protection licensing bases with ones that are risk-informed and performance-based. To facilitate licensee “transitions” to the new licensing bases via NFPA 805, a “Frequently Asked Questions” (FAQs) program, established early during the pilot-plant phase, was expanded to enable use of consensus technical “short-cuts” for fire probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) methods. These “Fire PRA FAQs” enabled licensees, with NRC approval, to bypass more traditional means of establishing acceptable PRA method enhancements on an interim basis, pending eventual confirmation by test programs and/or more detailed analyses. The NRC approved several, of which perhaps the most substantial in providing risk reduction benefits was FAQ 08-0046 on “Incipient Fire Detection Systems,” more accurately characterized as “Very Early Warning Fire Detection Systems” (VEWFDSs). Controversial from the start, the hidden story behind this FAQ’s initial adoption is relevant to examination of the NRC NUREG report that later replaced it and remains in effect today. This article examines this backstory, tracing recommendations that were proposed and bypassed, then examines alternatives to the current guidance. These alternatives, which maximize possible risk reduction credit for VEWFDSs at nuclear power plants, remain at least a factor of two less than the current peak NUREG-2180 risk-reduction factor even before the latter accounts for the possibility of fire pre-emption altogether.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[943] viXra:1808.0035 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-02 22:10:02

Terrariums and Ecospheres – for Kids

Authors: Sam Micheal
Comments: 6 Pages.

a guide for parents and kids
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[942] viXra:1807.0474 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-29 01:31:28

Metal Halide Greenhouse Lighting on Mars

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 2 Pages.

an informative and funny essay about how we really need to Prepare Before we try to colonize Mars
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[941] viXra:1807.0432 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-25 13:13:54

Cobalt vs Tantalum Bombs Used in Armageddon

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 1 Page.

a humorous yet serious brief essay about which kinds of bombs to use in Armageddon
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[940] viXra:1807.0401 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-24 07:11:20

Lemurian Yoga Practice for the Prevention, Control and Healing of Physical Complaints and Mental Disorders

Authors: Acharya Sennimalai kalimuthu
Comments: 17 Pages. na

According to Hatha yoga, yoga is uniting the body and the soul. But according to Lemurian Yoga, yoga is meant the unification of body, mind and soul also with the unification of cosmic energy with the bio energy. The Lemurian Yoga is still a hidden treasure and the author through this journal attempts to disseminate and unlock the beauties of this classical yoga.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[939] viXra:1807.0339 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-20 00:12:48

THE Weak-link in Quantum Communications

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 1 Page.

a brief argument about the impossibility of noiseless quantum communication networks
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[938] viXra:1807.0038 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-01 08:55:57

Antena Libro

Authors: Carlos Alejandro Chiappioni
Comments: 4 Pages. English: The expenditure of money to build the antenna is minimal.

English : It is an antenna project based on new physics. The design was not decided freely. It has resulted from the conditions that, according to that new physics, optimize the transfer of energy from matter (antenna) to radiation. It has been the simplest way to meet the optimization requirements deduced from that physics. --------- Español : Es un proyecto de antena basado en física nueva. El diseño no fue decidido libremente. Ha resultado de las condiciones que, según esa física nueva, optimizan la transferencia de energía desde la materia (antena) hacia la radiación. Ha sido la manera más sencilla de cumplir los reuisitos de optimización deducidos de esa física.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[937] viXra:1806.0461 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-29 07:34:07

Nothingness: a Sketch

Authors: Alexander Balatsky
Comments: 19 Pages.

The paper claims that certain problems faced by both physical cosmology and quantum mechanics trace back to a misconception of the nature of nothingness. In addressing this challenge, the paper assumes that the physics and the mathematics of nothingness constitute an epistemic complementary pair that lies at the heart of the edifice of the universe. Given such insight, we are able not only to explain how some fundamental physics challenges might be met, but also to reveal that both inanimate matter and living beings are exactly parallel in their attempts to overcome chaos and maintain order.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[936] viXra:1806.0378 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-26 03:14:47

On the Origin of Extraterrestrial Industrial Civilizations

Authors: Steven Suan Zhu
Comments: 365 Pages. This is the 2nd version originally published on Feb 26th, 2018 on Researchgate, DOI: DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.19408.00004/1

The emergence of intelligence is likely a relatively recent phenomena throughout the cosmos. The total number of habitable extraterrestrial planets within the Milky Way capable of supporting advanced, intelligent life within the next 500 Myr is <10,799. Almost all of which are earth-like orbiting around a single star with mass ranges from 0.628 to 1 solar mass. No exomoons are capable of supporting advanced life, and a negligible number of low mass binary systems (<0.628 solar mass) are habitable. The nearest extraterrestrial industrial civilization lies at least 88.7 million light years away, and possibly 111 million light years beyond. No extraterrestrial civilization arises before 232.74 Mya within the observable universe, and no extraterrestrial civilization arises before 270.95 Mya within the universe by co-moving distance. Despite great distances between the nearest civilizations and the low probability of emergence within our vicinity, given the sheer size of the universe, the total number of intelligent extraterrestrial civilizations likely approaches infinity or 1 4.4·107 3 · 3.621 · 106 · 101010122 if the universe is finitely bounded. Based on incentives for economic growth, all civilizations tend to expands near the speed of light and will eventually universally connect with each other via wormhole networks. Within such a network, the furtherst distances traversable from earth can be either infinite or 3.621 · 106 · 101010122 light years in radius if the universe is finitely bounded.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[935] viXra:1806.0328 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-22 11:41:03

Lucifer, Humanity’s Warden

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 2 Pages.

why we NEED to get OFF this rock, Earth
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[934] viXra:1806.0290 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-21 01:08:40

Hyper­time and Temporal Elasticity

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 3 Pages.

a 3-page anecdote about my experiences with time
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[933] viXra:1806.0289 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-21 01:14:17

Our Misconceptions of the Unknown

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 4 Pages.

a two-category essay about a theological concept, the Quadry, and temporal elasticity, part of gravitation, physics
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[932] viXra:1806.0266 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-15 15:39:22

Regenerative Engineering, Engineering Symbiosis and Resilience

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 4 Pages.

preface to the undergraduate textbook
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[931] viXra:1806.0253 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-16 14:06:23

Refutation that "It is Impossible for Humans to Implement Moral Absolutism" Copyright © 2008, 2018 by Colin James III All Rights Reserved.

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that comments on Disqus are not forwarded or read, so respond to author's email address: info@cec-services dot com.

The contra example as "It is possible for humans to implement moral absolutism" is confirmed as tautologous.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[930] viXra:1806.0249 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-16 23:56:07

Regenerative Engineering, a Textbook for Tomorrow’s Sustainable Engineering

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 26 Pages.

[version 0] Contents: Systems-Reliability John Hardman and Regenerative Leadership Regenerative Engineering Case Studies of Pre-RE Engineering Space Shuttle Challenger Space Shuttle Columbia Tacoma Narrows Bridge Software Engineering Colonizing Mars – Missions Planning Genetic Engineering – Organism Design Advanced Robotics and RE Space Systems Engineering
Category: General Science and Philosophy

Replacements of recent Submissions

[215] viXra:1812.0211 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-15 14:26:36

Existence is a Travel Through 3 Scales of the 5th Dimension

Authors: Luis sancho
Comments: 10 Pages.

This paper resumes in 10 pages the scalar, decametric organic systems of the 5th dimension of space-time, information. We introduce the fifth dimension that organizes parts into wholes, its metric, its main system in simultaneous space, the superorganism, and in time, the worldcycle of existence, describing life as a travel through 3 scales of the 5th dimension. Finally we introduce the 3 scalar levels of time motions, the mathematical spatial continuous level of calculus, the discontinuous causal level of logic repetitive actions and the Deep time, organic level of evolution, which allow us to forecast the futures not only of physical systems, but biologic and social systems.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[214] viXra:1811.0012 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-12 19:00:59

Cellular Automaton Graphics(4)

Authors: Morio Kikuchi
Comments: 81 Pages.

Developping a regular polyhedron on a plane, setting discrete coordinates on the development and applying a boundary condition of regular polyhedron to it, we realize a symmetrical graphics.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[213] viXra:1809.0530 [pdf] replaced on 2018-09-27 09:15:49

Self-Amplified Research: A Sustainable Avalanche?

Authors: István Daruka
Comments: 9 Pages.

We elaborate briefly on the tacit metamorphosis of scientific research evolving from the contemplative, curiosity driven phase into the industrial, profit-driven phase. It appears that the involved positive feedback mechanisms render the current, postmodern research system an exponentially bursting complex object, persistently expanding further in a self-locked, 'confined to grow' setting. This current, highly effective research system involving millions of scientists worldwide is generally considered as a paramount success story, so there is not much internal driving force emerging towards the critical, multilateral investigation and assessment of long-term research dynamics. Here we discuss some emergent, potentially menacing consequences, including inflation-instabilities and complexity related systemic risks of the current, self-amplified research trends. Our hope is to raise attention and initiate interdisciplinary calls on these covert, yet crucial issues, in order to keep our research system genuinely sustainable, enabling science to serve the peace and well-being of humankind further.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[212] viXra:1809.0517 [pdf] replaced on 2018-09-25 10:09:14

1i/2017 u1 Oumuamua: Metamorphosis During Journey to Inner Solar System

Authors: José J. Astorkia
Comments: 9 Pages. Extended in viXra:1811.0040 about anomalous acceleration. Copyleft

The first interstellar interloper observed 1I/2017 U1 OUMUAMUA presents unexpected features in a interstellar minor body. This paper looks plausibility of changes in these features in solar system. And search a mechanism for these changes.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[211] viXra:1809.0495 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-02 22:42:59

Sarva Vidya - The Essence of Everything

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 216 Pages.

All the aspects of wisdom are covered in a smooth flow, that can completely explain the universe in all its levels. The ultimate spiritual source is Advaita Vedanta and Sri Vidya. From there, Mysticism and Spiritual Path follows, as do perspectives and mindsets. These give rise to measurement - hypernumbers and numbers, arithmetic and geometry. Hypernumbers arise from the flow of mind, and may describe anything from science to art to fiction, fantasy and even dreams - the possibility space is infinite. The physical world though is a restriction of the possibilities through the system of logic. The special shape of Sri Yantra is formed, unraveling in 8 dimensions to give the most perfect shape - E8. The Sri Yantra yields through Avaranas, the nine digits of our number system, which describes the physical world, and along with it, all mathematical operations, geometry etc. The E8 acquires context as physical charges, and forms the underlying basis of a system of chaotic signals acting as qubits, entangling the 8 states to give 240 subatomic particles. Breaking the E8 symmetry through a non-zero Higgs Field creates space time, and our universe is born. It expands, giving rise to Dark Energy, and creating various states of matter including Dark Matter. Particles, ions, atoms, and molecules are successively created, leading to macromolecules such as RNA and DNA. Their sustenance and signaling abilities facilitate the genesis of life. The Genetic Code is seen to arise from the concepts embodied by Sri Yantra. This gives rise to the Vedic language - the ancestor to all spoken language on Earth. Genetic Code and evolution leads to ultimately humans, whose populations lead to races in different regions of the world, explained by Y-DNA Haplogroup mutations as Manvantaras. As civilizations slowly grow, Vedic language slowly transforms into many local languages, who then lose touch with Vedic wisdom. To ensure spiritual wisdom is not lost, the Divine manifests in different forms in different regions. These are the birth of religions. A person whose mind is sufficiently purified by religion enters mystic and spiritual realms of thought, and enters the spiritual process of sixteen stages. This takes us back to the Truth of Advaita, and the cycle is complete.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[210] viXra:1809.0495 [pdf] replaced on 2018-10-15 23:18:59

Sarva Vidya - The Essence of Everything

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 198 Pages.

All the aspects of wisdom are covered in a smooth flow, that can completely explain the universe in all its levels. The ultimate spiritual source is Advaita Vedanta and Sri Vidya. From there, Mysticism and Spiritual Path follows, as do perspectives and mindsets. These give rise to measurement - hypernumbers and numbers, arithmetic and geometry. Hypernumbers arise from the flow of mind, and may describe anything from science to art to fiction, fantasy and even dreams - the possibility space is infinite. The physical world though is a restriction of the possibilities through the system of logic. The special shape of Sri Yantra is formed, unraveling in 8 dimensions to give the most perfect shape - E8. The Sri Yantra yields through Avaranas, the nine digits of our number system, which describes the physical world, and along with it, all mathematical operations, geometry etc. The E8 acquires context as physical charges, and forms the underlying basis of a system of chaotic signals acting as qubits, entangling the 8 states to give 240 subatomic particles. Breaking the E8 symmetry through a non-zero Higgs Field creates space time, and our universe is born. It expands, giving rise to Dark Energy, and creating various states of matter including Dark Matter. Particles, ions, atoms, and molecules are successively created, leading to macromolecules such as RNA and DNA. Their sustenance and signaling abilities facilitate the genesis of life. The Genetic Code is seen to arise from the concepts embodied by Sri Yantra. This gives rise to the Vedic language - the ancestor to all spoken language on Earth. Genetic Code and evolution leads to ultimately humans, whose populations lead to races in different regions of the world, explained by Y-DNA Haplogroup mutations as Manvantaras. As civilizations slowly grow, Vedic language slowly transforms into many local languages, who then lose touch with Vedic wisdom. To ensure spiritual wisdom is not lost, the Divine manifests in different forms in different regions. These are the birth of religions. A person whose mind is sufficiently purified by religion enters mystic and spiritual realms of thought, and enters the spiritual process of sixteen stages. This takes us back to the Truth of Advaita, and the cycle is complete.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[209] viXra:1809.0495 [pdf] replaced on 2018-10-03 12:40:21

Sarva Vidya - The Essence of Everything

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 178 Pages.

All the aspects of wisdom are covered in a smooth flow, that can completely explain the universe in all its levels. The ultimate spiritual source is Advaita Vedanta and Sri Vidya. From there, Mysticism and Spiritual Path follows, as do perspectives and mindsets. These give rise to measurement - hypernumbers and numbers, arithmetic and geometry. Hypernumbers arise from the flow of mind, and may describe anything from science to art to fiction, fantasy and even dreams - the possibility space is infinite. The physical world though is a restriction of the possibilities through the system of logic. The special shape of Sri Yantra is formed, unraveling in 8 dimensions to give the most perfect shape - E8. The Sri Yantra yields through Avaranas, the nine digits of our number system, which describes the physical world, and along with it, all mathematical operations, geometry etc. The E8 acquires context as physical charges, and forms the underlying basis of a system of chaotic signals acting as qubits, entangling the 8 states to give 240 subatomic particles. Breaking the E8 symmetry through a non-zero Higgs Field creates space time, and our universe is born. It expands, giving rise to Dark Energy, and creating various states of matter including Dark Matter. Particles, ions, atoms, and molecules are successively created, leading to macromolecules such as RNA and DNA. Their sustenance and signaling abilities facilitate the genesis of life. The Genetic Code is seen to arise from the concepts embodied by Sri Yantra. This gives rise to the Vedic language - the ancestor to all spoken language on Earth. Genetic Code and evolution leads to ultimately humans, whose populations lead to races in different regions of the world, explained by Y-DNA Haplogroup mutations as Manvantaras. As civilizations slowly grow, Vedic language slowly transforms into many local languages, who then lose touch with Vedic wisdom. To ensure spiritual wisdom is not lost, the Divine manifests in different forms in different regions. These are the birth of religions. A person whose mind is sufficiently purified by religion enters mystic and spiritual realms of thought, and enters the spiritual process of sixteen stages. This takes us back to the Truth of Advaita, and the cycle is complete.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[208] viXra:1808.0164 [pdf] replaced on 2018-09-03 20:11:00

Cellular Automaton Graphics(3)

Authors: Morio Kikuchi
Comments: 60 Pages.

Developping a regular polyhedron on a plane, setting discrete coordinates on the development and applying a boundary condition of regular polyhedron to it, we realize a symmetrical graphics.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[207] viXra:1807.0119 [pdf] replaced on 2018-07-09 20:29:47

Cellular Automaton Graphics(2)

Authors: Morio Kikuchi
Comments: 51 Pages.

Developping a regular polyhedron on a plane, setting discrete coordinates on the development and applying a boundary condition of regular polyhedron to it, we realize a symmetrical graphics.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[206] viXra:1806.0378 [pdf] replaced on 2018-10-03 17:44:42

On the Origin of Extraterrestrial Industrial Civilizations

Authors: Steven Suan Zhu
Comments: Newest update, added 80 pages and tons of equations revisions DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.19408.00004/1

The emergence of intelligence is likely a relatively recent phenomena throughout the cosmos. The total number of habitable extraterrestrial planets within the Milky Way capable of supporting advanced, intelligent life within the next 500 Myr is <5,162. Almost all of which are earth-like orbiting around a single star with mass ranges from 0.628 to 1 solar mass. No exomoons are capable of supporting advanced life, and a negligible number of low mass binary systems (<0.628 solar mass) are habitable. The nearest extraterrestrial industrial civilization lies at least 88.7 million light years away, and possibly 111 million light years beyond. No extraterrestrial civilization arises before 232.74 Mya within the observable universe, and no extraterrestrial civilization arises before 270.95 Mya within the universe by co-moving distance. Despite great distances between the nearest civilizations and the low probability of emergence within our vicinity, given the sheer size of the universe, the total number of intelligent extraterrestrial civilizations likely approaches infinity or 1 4.4·107 3 · 3.621 · 106 · 101010122 if the universe is finitely bounded. Based on incentives for economic growth, all civilizations tend to expands near the speed of light and will eventually universally connect with each other via wormhole networks. Within such a network, the fartherst distances traversable from earth can be either infinite or 3.621 · 106 · 101010122 light years in radius if the universe is finitely bounded.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[205] viXra:1806.0215 [pdf] replaced on 2018-07-12 07:23:00

Light, Electricity and Liquids

Authors: Vitaliy Zamsha, Vladimir Shevtsov
Comments: 10 Pages. For Scientists, Engineers and Hobby

The authors of this article represents some effects in liquids under the influence of the light and electricity. It was investigated liquid's reaction on exposure of lights from LEDs in different spectrum range. Also some interesting phenomena was observed in some liquids.
Category: General Science and Philosophy