General Science and Philosophy

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Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed farther down

[905] viXra:1804.0199 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-14 05:29:00

Lyme Disease and Bee Venom Therapy

Authors: Mit Skolov
Comments: 3 Pages.

Abstract. It is reported about the growing interest in bee venom therapy in the treatment of Lyme disease (borreliosis) in the USA. Key words: Lyme disease, Lyme borreliosis, bee venom therapy, apitoxin therapy, honeybee venom, apitoxin, melittin.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[904] viXra:1804.0115 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-07 10:20:52

Does wu Kun’s Philosophy of Information Define What is Information?

Authors: Emanuel Diamant
Comments: 2 Pages.

The need for a generally accepted definition of “what is information” is self-evident and acute. However, Kun’s definition of information as a philosophical category indicating indirect being is unable to satisfy this need, especially when it comes to an everyday usage of the term. That forced me to seek for a more suitable definition of information. Despite the differences, Kun and I agree that we witness today a paradigm shift from data-based computational way of thinking to information-based cognitive way of thinking (Kun calls that “informalization of science”). Below is provided a short comment on the issue.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[903] viXra:1804.0084 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-05 12:33:41

Corrigendum Apendix

Authors: Prado, Pf
Comments: 1 Page.

Corrigendum apendix
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[902] viXra:1804.0034 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-03 02:33:54

Does Music Enable us to Understand Foreign Lyrics

Authors: Yahya Awad Sharif Mohammed
Comments: 2 Pages.

This article aims to clarify briefly that music might be the reason behind our ability to understand a song foreign lyrics
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[901] viXra:1804.0030 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-01 08:50:34

Omnipresent Consciousness and Free Will

Authors: Claus Janew
Comments: 10 Pages. CC-BY 4.0 / Janew, Claus. 2011. Omnipresent Consciousness and Free Will. Journal of Consciousness Exploration & Research 2, no. 6: 868-876

This article is not an attempt to explain consciousness in terms basically of quantum physics or neuro-biology. Instead I should like to place the term "Consciousness" on a broader footing. I shall therefore proceed from everyday reality, precisely where we experience ourselves as conscious beings. I shall use the term in such a general way as to resolve the question whether only a human being enjoys consciousness, or even a thermostat. Whilst the difference is considerable, it is not fundamental. Every effect exists in the perception of a consciousness. I elaborate on its freedom of choice, in my view the most important source of creativity, in a similarly general way. The problems associated with a really conscious decision do not disappear by mixing determination with a touch of coincidence. Both must enter into a higher unity. In so doing it will emerge that a certain degree of freedom of choice is just as omnipresent as consciousness - an inherent part of reality itself.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[900] viXra:1804.0005 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-01 02:01:40

Heroical Apatheism: Mala Fide Bootstrapping Obligations

Authors: Ian von Hegner
Comments: 20 Pages.

Discussions regarding hypothetical gods’ virtually always focuses on their existence or nonexistence. These, however, are only the secondary questions. Heroical apatheism distingue these questions from the question about the gods’ relevancy, which is the primary question. It is a deeply ingrained assumption, that if the gods’ have created the universe and humankind, then this also implicit entails the obligations that the gods’ must be worshipped and obeyed. These relations between existence and acts and worship and obedience to the gods are so commonplace, that virtually no one questions whether they exist at all. The gods’ rights are simply assumed at face value. However, the issue regarding these necessary relations are in no way trivial. In this article these relations will be illuminated through first formulating two cosmological models for the initial condition of the universe, and thereafter apply these in analyses of the claims regarding these relations. By doing so it is shown, that the justifications for these obligations always ends in a Münchhausen bootstrapping circularity or is ad hoc. There cannot be demonstrated any necessary relations between existence and worship, between acts of creation and obedience. Furthermore, these assumptions rests on an overlooked point. Arguing for or against obligations to the gods’ assumes implicit, that these gods’ have a right to obligations to begin with. However, all that can be shown is power to enforce obedience. Thus, heroical apatheism is neither founded on doubt, nor on disobedience, because disobedience implies an authority, and an authority’s right presuppose, that there is such a right. However, there is no such right, and we no longer equate might with right.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[899] viXra:1803.0707 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-29 12:09:25

Fine-Structure Constant from Golden Ratio Geometry

Authors: Michael A. Sherbon
Comments: 17 Pages. International Journal of Mathematics and Physical Sciences Research, 5, 2, 89-100 (2018).

After a brief review of the golden ratio in history and our previous exposition of the fine-structure constant and equations with the exponential function, the fine-structure constant is studied in the context of other research calculating the fine-structure constant from the golden ratio geometry of the hydrogen atom. This research is extended and the fine-structure constant is then calculated in powers of the golden ratio to an accuracy consistent with the most recent publications. The mathematical constants associated with the golden ratio are also involved in both the calculation of the fine-structure constant and the proton-electron mass ratio. These constants are included in symbolic geometry of historical relevance in the science of the ancients.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[898] viXra:1803.0402 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-21 16:35:25

Letter to a Friend on Rumsfeld's Unknown Unknown ...

Authors: Elemer E Rosinger
Comments: 14 Pages. It may also interest the VIXRA Category of "Religion and Spirituality"

The essay is about how to recover the vast majority of the present day Western world from their aggressive secularism, and do so with the help of the concept of UNKNOWN UNKNOWN introduced - rather accidentally - back in 2002 by Donald Rumsfeld ...
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[897] viXra:1803.0280 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-19 09:50:26

Holistic Resource Management System

Authors: InResLab scarl
Comments: 7 Pages.

I sistemi di facility management, definiti come dei sistemi contenenti dei veicoli e del personale al quale vengono associati dei determinati oggetti in un determinato spazio tridimensionale per lo svolgimento di una determinata operazione, sono un luogo di lavoro dinamico e complesso: mezzi in movimentazione, alta quantità di personale, elevato numero di potenziali situazioni di rischio, grande varietà di strumentazioni (talora anche pericolose), alto numero di scenari differenti. In un contesto così variegato, pertanto, risulta di fondamentale importanza una gestione meticolosa e puntale di tutti gli aspetti caratteristici del sistema di facility management stesso, al fine di migliorare la gestione e la sicurezza dei lavoratori. Vista la varietà di scenari in cui il facility management si cala, nel presente progetto si è cercato di astrarre gli aspetti fondamentali, studiando tecniche e metodologie per realizzare un management intelligente di tali sistemi sotto vari punti di vista, tra cui: gestione delle risorse, sicurezza, prevenzione degli infortuni, alerting e reportistica. Lo studio portato avanti è di tipo metodologico e modellistico, legato all’accuratezza del dato acquisito e al grado di automatizzazione dell’acquisizione. Per tale motivo si è proceduto alla realizzazione di un sistema di tracciamento delle entità – basato non solo sul più noto GPS, ma anche su tecnologie trasversali, in grado di avere informazioni valide in molteplici scenari – in grado di fornire informazioni con elevata accuratezza. Il progetto si prefigge in seguito l’obiettivo di validare statisticamente la precisione delle misurazioni, incrociando i dati provenienti da dispositivi, tecnologie e modalità di acquisizione dati differenti.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[896] viXra:1803.0275 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-18 12:23:21

Sustainable Reason-Based Governance After the Globalisation Complexity Threshold

Authors: Andrei P. Kirilyuk
Comments: 17 pages, 17 refs; work submitted for the Global Challenges Prize 2017, https://globalchallenges.org/en/our-work/the-new-shape-prize; only minor linguistic corrections and references added in this version with respect to the original article

We propose a qualitatively new kind of governance for the emerging need to efficiently guide the densely interconnected, ever more complex world development, which is based on explicit and openly presented problem solutions and their interactive implementation practice within the versatile, but unified professional analysis of complex real-world dynamics, involving both the powerful central units and the attached creative worldwide network of professional representatives. We provide fundamental and rigorous scientific arguments in favour of introduction of just that kind of governance at the modern development stage, after the complexity threshold in the real world dynamics evolution (sometimes intuitively designated as "globalisation"), where the traditional spontaneous-empirical kind of development and related administrative governance lose dramatically and inevitably their efficiency and the necessity of explicit consistent understanding and guidance of complex real-world dynamics becomes evident.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[895] viXra:1803.0270 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-18 22:29:23

The Course of History :Substantive Philosophy of History and the Scientific Study of History Explained

Authors: Rochelle Forrester
Comments: 14 Pages.

The ultimate cause of much historical, social and cultural change is the gradual accumulation of human knowledge of the environment. Human beings use the materials in their environment to meet their needs and increased human knowledge of the environment enables human needs to be met in a more efficient manner. The human environment has a particular structure so that human knowledge of the environment is acquired in a particular order. The simplest knowledge is acquired first and more complex knowledge is acquired later. The order of discovery determines the course of human social and cultural history as knowledge of new and more efficient means of meeting human needs, results in new technology, which results in the development of new social and ideological systems. This means human social and cultural history, has to follow a particular course, a course that is determined by the structure of the human environment. Given that a certain level of knowledge will result in a particular type of society, it is possible to ascertain the types of societies that were inevitable in human history. The course of history is not random and can be rationally and scientifically understood.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[894] viXra:1803.0259 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-18 03:39:59

Mysticism of the Russian Flag.

Authors: Alexander I. Dubinyansky
Comments: 4 Pages. dubinyansky@mail.ru

Similarities were found between the colors of the Russian flag and the location of haplogupp N1 and R1a on the territory of Russia.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[893] viXra:1803.0042 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-04 04:37:38

Alternating Consciousness. From Perception to Infinities and Back to Free Will

Authors: Claus Janew
Comments: 46 Pages. CC-BY 4.0 / Janew, Claus. 2014. Dialogue on Alternating Consciousness: From Perception to Infinities and Back to Free Will. Journal of Consciousness Exploration & Research 5, no. 4: 351-391.

Can we trace back consciousness, reality, awareness, and free will to a single basic structure without giving up any of them? Can the universe exist in both real and individual ways without being composed of both? This dialogue founds consciousness and freedom of choice on the basis of a new reality concept that also includes the infinite as far as we understand it. Just the simplest distinction contains consciousness. It is not static, but a constant alternation of perspectives. From its entirety and movement, however, there arises a freedom of choice being more than reinterpreted necessity and unpredictability. Although decisions ultimately involve the whole universe, they are free in varying degrees also here and now. The unity and openness of the infinite enables the individual to be creative while this creativity directly and indirectly enters into all other individuals without impeding them. A contrary impression originates only in a narrowed awareness. But even the most conscious and free awareness can neither anticipate all decisions nor extinguish individuality. Their creativity is secured.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[892] viXra:1802.0394 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-26 23:06:49

Light Spin Unitary Principle Equivalence: Parismony in Natural Law

Authors: Paris Samuel Miles Brenden
Comments: 105 Pages. Tradition of Physics to Inquire is Beyond the Routine

The principles and foundation of our understanding of the universe are one; to that of the effect of an end found in that of the inquiry of man supported by the sentience of its meaning in all that is; the verifiable true consideration is one word; the eventual ending of a pretense found in that of what is disclosed as fact; as in either of what we so consider the eventual; the end of what is so; is a new beginning in that of life; the future as a world in one; as love; of the incarnation of all that is; the given of life to it’s true form and kind treatment of another; as cooperatively all beings respectfully are endowed with the given of love; the explanation of which is the choice to deliver life upon life as the infinite compassion of which is the release to freedom from constraint; and the given of return of kindness as known for that of kind in meaning; the giving of a people to knowable in all eventualities is explained as the principle of motion of the immobility of the heart to meaning to all of existence to the truth of understanding in principle nature; to the given of what is being; the standing of its continuance only then found in that of the giving of life; by the endowment of one for attention to their and other’s considerations prior to another; as the expressed choice to one’s self; and the forgiveness of all equivalences of people worlds; and meanings found in the natural laws of this world; the next and nature of a future yet to be; for then in what is; the given of each; is the endowed of all; and throughout what is creation; every being is dependent on the remainder of all of existence; as no such principle exemplified by purpose can mistreat another; the withholding of which is it’s purpose to continuance in being and the only means of it’s survival; the open difference of which is our inheritance; since as such as one is; all such other given’s of people do require another to support a self a world; and this given finally as known; since one self so only remains to exist if and in being as such as all such other supports do; foundationally true as one before another always is.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[891] viXra:1802.0331 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-23 10:24:19

Methods of Inquiry in Social Sciences: an Introduction

Authors: Coccia Mario
Comments: 18 Pages.

The purpose of this paper is an introduction to scientific methods that are organized and systematic scientific approaches used by scholars for controlled investigations and experiments to efficiently solve theoretical and practical problems, generate discoveries and/or advance scientific fields. The paper presents, briefly, the development of methods of inquiry in the philosophy of science. After that it will be discussed general methods of inquiry (deduction, induction, abduction and hypothetical-deductive) and specific models of scientific inquiry in social sciences. In general, modern research fields are multifaceted, requiring diverse processes for generating new concepts, for creating new hypothesis and performing controlled experiments. Different methods of inquiry are never contradictory, often they are complementary tools that facilitate problem solving and knowledge creation within and between research fields.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[890] viXra:1802.0320 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-22 08:05:02

Objective Fundamental Reality Structure by the Unreduced Complexity Development

Authors: Andrei P. Kirilyuk
Comments: 7 pages, 3 eqs, 16 refs; paper presented at the FQXi essay contest 2017-2018 "What Is “Fundamental”", https://fqxi.org/community/forum/topic/3052

We explain why exactly the simplified abstract scheme of reality within the standard science paradigm cannot provide the consistent picture of “truly fundamental” reality and how the unreduced, causally complete description of the latter is regained within the extended, provably complete solution to arbitrary interaction problem and the ensuing concept of universal dynamic complexity. We emphasize the practical importance of this extension for both particular problem solution and further, now basically unlimited fundamental science development (otherwise dangerously stagnating within its traditional paradigm).
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[889] viXra:1802.0214 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-17 10:12:33

The Cult of Mountains, Exact Geostructures, and Cybernetic Aspects of Physics

Authors: Yu. N. Bratkov
Comments: 14 pages, Russian. Consciousness and Physical Reality, 2003, v. 8, N 5, pp. 40-51.

The main ideas of "Theory of Hyperobjects" (viXra:1207.0079) and new results. Mathematical (topological) modelling in mythology, with applications to geology. Some new classes of physical objects are described. Cybernetic level of geology (planetology) is demonstrated. The existence of the ideal preimage of the Earth is demonstrated.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[888] viXra:1802.0168 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-14 08:39:29

Theory of Everything, Ultimate Reality and the End of Humanity: Extended Sustainability by the Universal Science of Complexity

Authors: Andrei P. Kirilyuk
Comments: 5 pages, abstract and extended abstract of a book, https://www.morebooks.de/store/gb/book/theory-of-everything,-ultimate-reality-and-the-end-of-humanity/isbn/978-3-659-31673-9

Instead of postulated fixed structures and abstract principles of usual positivistic science, the unreduced diversity of living world reality is consistently derived as dynamically emerging results of unreduced interaction process development, starting from its simplest configuration of two coupled homogeneous protofields. The dynamically multivalued, or complex and intrinsically chaotic, nature of these real interaction results extends dramatically the artificially reduced, dynamically single-valued projection of standard theory and solves its stagnating old and accumulating new problems, “mysteries” and “paradoxes” within the unified and causally complete picture of intrinsically evolving, dynamically complex reality. The permanently unfolding complexity progress thus revealed is fundamentally unlimited and does not need to stop at the directly observed diversity of usual matter complexity. The exciting, but rigorously substantiated and objectively inevitable prospects of further civilisation complexity development towards its superior levels of genuine sustainability and global Noosphere are outlined, with practically important conclusions for today’s critical problem solution.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[887] viXra:1802.0157 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-13 13:37:08

A Brief Note on Why there is Something Rather Than Nothing

Authors: H.Q. Armstrong
Comments: 1 Page.

Existence supersedes non-existence
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[886] viXra:1802.0081 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-08 03:40:15

Theorem of not Independence of Any Technological Innovation

Authors: Coccia Mario
Comments: 11 Pages.

The theorem of not independence of any technological innovation states that in the long run, the behavior and evolution of any technological innovation is not independent from the behavior and evolution of the other technological innovations. The philosophical foundations of this theory are concepts from systems science and architecture of complexity. The theoretical implications of this theorem is that technological innovations form systems of inter-related technologies with fundamental interactions of physical and social factors. In particular, any technological innovation does not function as an independent system per se, but each innovation depends on the other technological innovations to form a complex system of parts that interact and coevolve in a non-simple way. The theorem of not independence of any technological innovation can explain and generalize, whenever possible, one of the characteristics of the evolution of technology that generates technological and economic change in human society.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[885] viXra:1802.0003 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-01 11:45:52

The BioDARPA Concept

Authors: Ilya Klabukov
Comments: 12 Pages.

The dramatic development of biomedical technologies inevitably raises a question of the increasing “gap” between basic biomedical discoveries and their use in clinical practice. Created in 1958 with the same purpose, DARPA has had to bridging the gap in defense technologies (mostly in rocket and radar sciences). Today we can talk about the relevance of the idea of “biomedical DARPA” (BioDARPA) as a concept of organizational design for priority research and development of emerging biotechnologies.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[884] viXra:1801.0383 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-27 13:01:47

Endosymbiosis in Late Stage Stellar Evolution According to the General Theory

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages.

It is explained that endosymbiosis happened as a result of the collapse of "bioclines" in the interior of a star as it loses its thick atmosphere in later stages of evolution. This paper is meant to combine both endosymbiosis with the general theory's principles which include life evolving on stars as they evolve.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[883] viXra:1801.0289 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-22 22:40:08

Chronology of my Papers

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 20 Pages. addressing possible issues of priority

An approximate chronology (original dates) of my papers is presented, with some biographical notes. A chronology of translation requests is also given.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[882] viXra:1801.0178 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-15 05:10:11

Conquering Strangeness-the Universe in us

Authors: Michael Muteru
Comments: 9 Pages.

When Beauty runs deeper than the skin, it’s a truth, if the truth adds up to simplicity that’s elegance. After all complexity is the sun total of repeated simplicity & behind every complex system lays a simple beautiful principle that makes it work. Like tortoise carries shell on its back. Do we carry the universe in our heads? I later invoke U-Duality to examine symmetries on a circle at D=11 and reveal why space-time on a Brane is tantamount to that on a brain.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[881] viXra:1801.0111 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-09 22:28:28

The Future Science Institute (Volume two issue 2016-2017)

Authors: Cheng Tianren
Comments: 304 Pages.

This journal is not a popular journal for public, it is a professional research level journal for scientist and artist, even for litterateur. It focus on many topics in mainstream science, especially for future science. Since this journal is very complicated and professional, so we use the “problem-proposed problem-analysis problem-solving” mode to explain our research,to make readers easier to understand. If you truly want to improve your knowledge by reading this journal, it is better for you to study the problems mentioned in this journal carefully. To write down your unusual solutions for these problems after you have read them. Any good idea about the problems appeared in this journal can be mail to author cheng.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[880] viXra:1801.0016 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-02 14:00:13

Covert Channel by Abusing X509 Extensions

Authors: Jason Reaves
Comments: 11 Pages. Malware; x509 Certificate; SSL; TLS; Botnet; Security

Malicious actors in the world are using more ingenuity than ever for both data infiltration and exfiltration purposes, also known as command and control communications. In this paper I aim to describe a system that could be used to send or receive data from both a client and a server perspective utilizing research into x509 certificates specifically in areas where you can place arbitrary binary data into the certificate or utilizing them as a covert channel. While lots of attention is given to data infiltration and exfiltration techniques they are commonly done so after they’ve been used in an incident, making this area of cyber security very retroactive in a defensive posture. The aim in presenting this material is to demonstrate that we can take some lessons from the other areas of cyber security research, namely exploitation, and look at potential use cases in how malware authors could utilize technologies outside of their intended purposes to not only accomplish their goals but also end up bypassing common security measures in the process. Doing this sort of research can lead to more advances in defensive security postures by spurring discussions in the community on how a technique either does or doesn’t bypass security measures.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[879] viXra:1712.0677 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-31 15:07:39

The Fractal Generator of Spacetimes

Authors: Luis Sancho
Comments: 74 Pages. Most recent version of my research in 5D space-time

The Universe is a fractal of 5 Dimensions of space-time that reproduces information and then self-organizes networks and systems that evolve into superorganisms in all scales of reality. The metric equation of the fifth dimension of space-time is simple as all space-time metric are: S (size in space) x T (speed of time clocks) = Constant. So smaller parts have more speed of time clocks which carry its in-form-ation in the form and frequency of its cycles, coding larger systems: genes code cells, memes code social organisms and particles' quantum numbers code physical systems. But larger forms have more spatial energy and enclose and control in synchronicity its faster smaller parts, creating the co-existing scales and symbiotic cycles of super organisms in any 'stience' of space time organisms. It also allows systems to travel through its scales by growing in size, while diminishing in time speed, as we do from birth as a fast reproducing seminal cell which emerges with slower clocks as an organism, part of a superorganism, mother earth, which has even slower geological cycles
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[878] viXra:1712.0555 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-21 12:43:25

On the Fundamentals of Fernan's Physical Theory

Authors: Fernando Sánchez-Escribano Pérez
Comments: 12 Pages.

This text summarizes the fundamentals of Fernan´s Physical Theory.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[877] viXra:1712.0437 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-13 12:40:41

“The Information as Absolute” Conception: Marxism and “now”

Authors: Sergey V. Shevchenko, Vladimir V. Tokarevsky
Comments: 12 Pages.

In this paper the some problems of relevance of Marxism in applications to recent societies are considered in framework of the “The Information as Absolute” conception
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[876] viXra:1712.0435 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-13 15:09:00

Circularly Polarized Microstrip Antenna with Reactive Load Design for Wireless Local Area Network Application

Authors: Basim Khalaf Jarullah Al-Shammari
Comments: 6 Pages.

This paper presents a design of microstrip antenna for IEEE 802.11b and for IEEE 802.11g using a nearly square patch antenna, excited by a standard miniature adapter probe feed line. The patch and ground plane are separated by a substrate; the radiating patch is loaded by a central shorting pin and feeding probe loaded by a series capacitor. This antenna has a wide bandwidth in the frequency band of (WLAN) and with a return loss ≤ −10 dB from 2.4 GHz to 2.48 GHz exhibits circularly polarized far-field radiation pattern. The proposed antennas have been simulated and analyzed using method of moments (MoM) based software package Microwave Office 2008 v8.0. The results show that the bandwidth of the antenna increases by using reactive load. The simulated gain of the antenna is over 6 dB.‬ IEEE802.11b ‫و‬ IEEE802.11g
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[875] viXra:1712.0430 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-14 00:55:05

Proposed Civilization Scale

Authors: Cres Huang
Comments: Pages.

Instead of measuring a civilization's level of technological advancement based on energy consumption point of view, I believe it is more appropriate on it's capability of commanding the cycle and recycle of energy and matter; or based on the knowledge and technology of mastering the energy and matter:

  1. Type 0 Civilization: Parasitic;
  2. Type I: Energy Mastery;
  3. Type II: Energy and Matter Mastery, achieving mastery of energy and matter.

Category: General Science and Philosophy

[874] viXra:1712.0428 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-14 06:22:28

The Essence of Liberation

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 6 Pages.

The highest realms of philosophy and human thought, a lifestyle capable of granting liberation is beautifully encapsulated in a single verse of the Lord's word, the Bhagavad Gita.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[873] viXra:1712.0372 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-09 13:59:54

Reply to Paper Http://vixra.org/pdf/1712.0362v1.pdf of Cental Hypothesis Paper Http://vixra.org/pdf/1712.0346v1.pdf

Authors: Soerivhe Iriene
Comments: 11 Pages.

respone to paper of Gergő Cosmin Tudor Jr. viXra:1712.0362 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-08 06:56:46
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[872] viXra:1712.0362 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-08 06:56:46

Proof of Existence of the Florentin Smarandache: a Response to Vixra 1712.0346v1

Authors: Gergő Cosmin Tudor Jr.
Comments: 63 Pages.

ABSTRACT Existence of Florentin Smarandache is proven. Here we present Smarandachean interaction in the forms of 3 (three) letters from author to FLorentin Smarandache and one (1) letter from Florentin Smadaranche to author. The letters have were re-translated to English for readings conveniences and popularism. It is a proof of strong freindship and hencw the existence of he is proven; henceworth refuting calomnious claims of vixra 1712.0346v1 . Apology for poor English.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[871] viXra:1712.0346 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-07 11:22:20

The Smarandache Incident

Authors: Soerivhe Iriene
Comments: 12 Pages.

CONJECTRE: Mathematician of "Florentin Smarandache" is acual of art project of Moldova 1990 is has gone spiralled "out-of-control" of beyond origianl creators
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[870] viXra:1712.0134 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-05 18:26:23

Emergence of the Laws of Nature in the Developing Universe 1a

Authors: Evgeny A Novikov
Comments: 11 Pages.

Evolution of our universe with continuous production of matter by the vacuum, is described. The analysis is based on the quantum modification of the general relativity (Qmoger), supported by the cosmic data without fitting. Various types of matter are selected by the vacuum in accordance with stability of the developing universe. All laws of nature are emergent and approximate, including the conservation of energy. The (3+1)-dimensional space-time and gravity were selected first. Than came quantum condensate of gravitons (dark matter). Photons and other ordinary matter were selected much later during formation of galaxies, when the background condensate becomes gravitationally unstable. The effect of radiation on the global dynamics is described in terms of conservation of the enthalpy density. Mass of neutrino (as the first massive fermionic particle) is estimated, in accord with experimental bound. The electric dipole moment of neutrino is also estimated. The oscillations of neutrinos are explained in terms of interaction with background condensate. The phenomena of subjective experiences are also explained in terms of interaction of the action potentials of neurons with the background dipolar condensate, which opens a new window into the dark sector of matter. The Qmoger theory goes beyond the Standard Model and the Quantum Field Theory, but can be combined with their achievements. Key words: quantum modification of general relativity, emergence of the laws of nature, isenthalpic universe, oscillating neutrinos, subjective experiences and dark sector of matter.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[869] viXra:1711.0478 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-30 11:00:58

Classification of the Sciences

Authors: Arsen A. Movsesyan
Comments: 8 Pages.

The article provides a solution to the problem of classification of the Sciences. This long-standing and important problem is solved on the basis of a new theory of cognition, which is built proceeding from some general physical representations and heuristic glance at the basics of General Psychology. The criteria for completeness of the foundation of any cognitive system and any research, which are critical for classification of the Sciences is also formulated and justified. Relevant disciplines of the physical, psychical and informational levels, as well as the Social Sciences in relation of society are represented in tabular form.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[868] viXra:1711.0415 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-25 11:08:03

Origin of Species by Charles Darwin vs. Stellar Metamorphosis: Absence or Rarity of Transitional Varieties

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages. 1 illustration

A short parallel is drawn up between Darwin's Origin of Species and stellar metamorphosis in relation to the absence or rarity of transitional varieties. It is made clear in this paper that both are quite similar in their trouble, but can both be explained in light of their own progresses.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[867] viXra:1711.0413 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-24 13:01:57

The Hypothesis of Descending Mind

Authors: Konstantin M. Golubev
Comments: 20 Pages.

It is a try to present a view on intellectual evolution using systems analysis. Intellect is considered as a system of interacting elements organized to achieve one or more stated purposes. The author started research on intellect modeling in 1986, realized several applied projects and published papers on theory and practice of intellect modeling in Russia (1), Italy (2), Great Britain (3), France and Germany (4). The hypothesis is in no way connected with any religion, because it does not presume existence of entities not belonging to our world. The assumption is that intellectual evolution could appear on much more wider scale than it was supposed previously. As a prediction for Humankind the role it plays could be much bigger than only resources wasting. The facts used are widely known and some references are included to show that it is not a pure speculation.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[866] viXra:1711.0402 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-23 22:03:52

Self-Realization: The Supreme Worship

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 1 Page.

The highest height of thought, philosophy and worship, the cognizance of the Self and the Truth, is outlined.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[865] viXra:1711.0246 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-07 15:26:10

Journey to the End of GÖDEL Theorems

Authors: Colin James III, James F Peters, Arturo Tozzi
Comments: 6 Pages.

The two theorems for incompleteness and completeness developed by Gödel in the 1930’s provoked a conceptual revolution in the history of mankind. The claim that not all truths can be demonstrated had a pervasive and enduring influence, leading to deep relativistic standpoints in physics, biology, philosophy and social sciences. Here, based on recently-developed logic tools, we demonstrate that the two Gödel theorems are not tautologous, and hence are unworkable.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[864] viXra:1711.0135 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-05 03:09:20

Utopianism and the Sciences

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 4 Pages.

Utopian science and its own sake.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[863] viXra:1711.0120 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-04 08:24:04

The Principle of Maximal Geochemical Activity (MGA)

Authors: Vladimir Aksayskiy
Comments: 3 Pages.

The Principle of Maximal Geochemical Activity MGA is included in “trial and error method” – the instrument to search a new. From what I know today, the greatest predictive power has the principle of maximum geochemical activity. Activity in the broadest sense: material, energy, informative. In the Russian-language scientific literature, it was first clearly stated by academician V.I. Vernadsky. All living things on the planet throughout their milliards of years’ existence obey this principle and develop in accordance with it. According to V. I. Vernadsky, it is the empirical regularity that has never been broken on the planet. There were stops, but there was no return.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[862] viXra:1710.0354 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-30 18:44:15

Will We Ever Have a Purely Mathematical Proof of the Existence of the Universe?

Authors: Alexandre Harvey-Tremblay
Comments: 13 Pages.

Suppose for a moment that physicists discovered the formulation of the ultimate theory of everything (ToE) which explains all physical phenomenas. This is a remarkable achievement no doubt. But, what is to stop someone from asking; “Why this theory and not another?”. In other words, can it prove its own uniqueness? Surely this question will be asked. Some, like myself, would consider this question to be one of the most philosophically important questions of the theory. So, what requirements must an eventual ToE have to be able to provide an answer to this very question?
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[861] viXra:1710.0308 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-28 15:36:47

Fred Hoyle and Chandra Wickramasinghe vs. Stellar Metamorphosis: Is Panspermia Necessary?

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

This paper will address the perceived necessity of ideas surrounding panspermia and all its variants in light of the general theory.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[860] viXra:1710.0027 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-02 21:52:10

Principia Qualia

Authors: Michael E Johnson
Comments: 86 Pages.

Philosophers have been wondering the nature of consciousness (what it feels like to have subjective experience) and qualia (individual components of subjective experience) for as long as Philosophy has existed. Advancements in physics and neuroscience have informed and constrained this mystery, but have not solved it. What would a systematic solution to the mystery of consciousness look like? Part I begins by grounding this topic by considering a concrete question: what makes some conscious experiences more pleasant than others? We first review what’s known about the neuroscience of pain & pleasure, find the current state of knowledge narrow, inconsistent, and often circular, and conclude we must look elsewhere for a systematic framework (Sections I & II). We then review the Integrated Information Theory (IIT) of consciousness and several variants of IIT, and find each of them promising, yet also underdeveloped and flawed (Sections III-V). We then take a step back and distill what kind of problem consciousness is . Importantly, we offer eight sub-problems whose solutions would, in aggregate, constitute a c omplete theory of consciousness (Section VI). Armed with this framework, in Part II we return to the subject of pain & pleasure (valence) and offer some assumptions, distinctions, and heuristics to clarify and constrain the problem (Sections VII-IX). Of particular interest, we then offer a specific hypothesis on what valence is (Section X) and several novel empirical predictions which follow from this (Section XI). Part III finishes with discussion of how this general approach may inform open problems in neuroscience, and the prospects for building a new science of qualia (Sections XII & XIII). Lastly, we identify further research threads within this framework (Appendices A-F).
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[859] viXra:1710.0009 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-01 09:50:48

Prospects of Modern Wood Gas Cogeneration Renewable Energy Supply in Japan - Case Study of ICU

Authors: Eckhard Hitzer, Mark Langager, Nobyuki Miyazaki, Takashi Kibe
Comments: 8 figures, 1 table, 2.5 pages of references.

In this article we introduce scalable modern commercial wood gas cogeneration technology of micro scale, beginning at 35-45 kW electric power, scalable up to 800kW electric power, as offered by several international companies. Cogeneration means to use both electricity and heat, which leads to an overall efficiency of converting the chemical energy in wood of up to 90%. We discuss aspects of technology, systainability, forest ecology, local and international fuel quality standards, long term cost efficiency, potential for attracting various forms of official financial support and potential risks involved. In particular we make the general study concrete in the form of a case study on renewable energy supply for the International Christian University campus in Mitaka, western Tokyo. Changing scale parameters in order to adapt to the local energy demand, we expect that this case study can be transferred to other schools, universities, institutions, businesses and buildings in Japan. We further try to address the question as to what contribution this technology can make to the future national renewable energy supply in Japan.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[858] viXra:1710.0008 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-01 10:04:57

Christ Centered Stewardship for the Environment

Authors: Eckhard Hitzer
Comments: Japanese summary at beginning. 2 pages of references.

The recent Encyclical Laudato Si by Pope Francis also highlights environmental stewardship in broad terms. In contrast to this generality, our reflections particularly advance with a fresh look at the person of Christ, his role in the creation of our world as portrayed in the Bible, the origin and commission of man, and the relation of man and Christ. In this triangle of Christ, world and man, all three are appear related in the principle of Christ centered stewardship (of man) for the (created) environment. To gain insight we review some essential Biblical passage from both the Old and New Testaments. The second half of this work endeavors initial application in the fields of purchasing, building, energy, policy and education. Our approach is that of a natural scientist (of theoretical physics) and convinced Christian with interest in environmental questions.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

Replacements of recent Submissions

[194] viXra:1801.0085 [pdf] replaced on 2018-01-13 21:03:02

Fine Soccer(4)

Authors: Morio kikuchi
Comments: 296 Pages.

We modify the present rule of soccer in order to be able to get points of plural kinds referring to the point system of rugby.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[193] viXra:1801.0072 [pdf] replaced on 2018-02-09 23:11:39

The True Human Condition

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 8 Pages. Published by AAAS at http://science.sciencemag.org/content/337/6098/1041/tab-e-letters

My article began as a very short 250 words inspired by astrophysicist Jeff Hester's (pro-evolution) pages on entropy (Astronomy magazine - Oct. and Nov. 2017 - http://www.astronomy.com/magazine/jeff-hester/2017/09/entropys-rainbow and http://www.astronomy.com/magazine/jeff-hester/2017/10/entropy-redux). The letter I wrote pointed out evolution's pluses (eg adaptations) and minuses (regarding origins). It went on to speak of a human, scientific, entirely natural explanation for what is called God. It proposes that the true human condition after death and before birth is as a member of the Elohim - a name used for God in the Old Testament which, according to World Book Encyclopedia, means the PLURAL MAJESTY OF THE ONE GOD. This led to a few hundred more words about why some people call an entirely natural process "supernatural". I speculate that it must be because of the applications in thousands of years of finding a successful theory of quantum gravity (union of quantum mechanics and Einstein's theory of gravity - general relativity). Like quantum mechanics and gravitation, those apps would include all space and all time, and would undoubtedly be as mysterious to us as our technology would initially be to the builders of Egypt's first pyramids. In years past, the denial of divine beings by science may have been logical. But times sometimes change radically. Such a paradigm shift seems to be upon us now, with the recent discovery of gravitational waves and the anticipation of quantum gravity. In changing times, scientists and philosophers and everyone must always keep open minds. Of course, proposing that the human condition after death and before birth is as a member of the Elohim means that humans of the far distant future must be capable of the creation attributed to God by many people throughout the centuries. Therefore, a subsection entitled Creation Of The Infinite, Eternal Cosmos Using Electronic BITS, Pi And Imaginary Time has been added to the end of this article.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[192] viXra:1712.0437 [pdf] replaced on 2017-12-21 07:57:25

“The Information as Absolute” Conception: Marxism and “now”

Authors: Sergey V. Shevchenko, Vladimir V. Tokarevsky
Comments: This version consists of two variants in one file: English, pages 1-12; and Russian? Pages 13-26

Abstract In this paper the some problems of relevance of Marxism in applications to recent societies are considered in framework of the “The Information as Absolute” conception.
Category: General Science and Philosophy