General Science and Philosophy

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Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed farther down

[961] viXra:1809.0315 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-15 21:38:56

Catalog of Papers by Colin James III at Vixra

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 38 Pages. © Copyright 2016-2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to the author by email at: info@ersatz-systems dot com.

This list is taken from vixra.org/author/colin_james_iii, but with readable titles and correct numbering as of 9/15/2018.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[960] viXra:1809.0296 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-15 01:03:28

State Administration on Science

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 3 Pages. -

Comments to speech of the president of Sergeyev A.M. Russian Academy of Sciences.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[959] viXra:1809.0268 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-12 05:42:36

The History Shown at Cinema

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 5 Pages. -

The comment to viewing of the movie "Taurus"
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[958] viXra:1809.0267 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-12 05:47:24

Napoleon in Egypt

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 7 Pages. -

Evident history for fifth-graders
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[957] viXra:1809.0253 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-13 02:33:46

"SCIENTIFIC" Criticism

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 2 Pages. -

Practice of scientific inquisition. Prevention of the publication on the basis of opinion of one reviewer
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[956] viXra:1809.0236 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-11 18:02:31

Pseudo-Scientific Superstitious Mythology

Authors: John Roach
Comments: 2 Pages.

The Disciples & the High Priests of the Pseudo-Scientific Superstitious Mythology of the Modern Theoretical Sciences. Dedicated to Gregor Mendel, Georges Sagnac, Herbert Dingle & Thomas Kuhn
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[955] viXra:1809.0173 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-08 08:08:24

Scalar Gun – Some Construction Details

Authors: Vitaliy Zamsha, Vladimir Shevtsov
Comments: 2 Pages. extra to existing article!

In this article authors represented some technical and construction details of the scalar gun described in the original article - " Magnetic Scalar Field Generator "
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[954] viXra:1808.0662 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-30 22:19:08

For Review Only

Authors: HaiYing SHEN
Comments: 11 Pages.

For review only
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[953] viXra:1808.0643 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-29 10:31:17

From the End of Unitary Science Projection to the Causally Complete Complexity Science: Extended Mathematics, Solved Problems, New Organisation and Superior Purposes

Authors: Andrei P. Kirilyuk
Comments: 15 pages, 44 refs; Published as section 8.5 of the book: A. P. Kirilyuk, Theory of Everything, Ultimate Reality and the End of Humanity: Extended Sustainability by the Universal Science of Complexity (LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing, Beau Bassin, 2017)

The deep crisis in modern fundamental science development is ever more evident and openly recognised now even by mainstream, official science professionals and leaders. By no coincidence, it occurs in parallel to the world civilisation crisis and related global change processes, where the true power of unreduced scientific knowledge is just badly missing as the indispensable and unique tool for the emerging greater problem solution and further progress at a superior level of complex world dynamics. Here we reveal the mathematically exact reason for the crisis in conventional science, containing also the natural and unified problem solution in the form of well-specified extension of usual, artificially restricted paradigm. We show how that extended, now causally complete science content provides various "unsolvable" problem solutions and opens new development possibilities for both science and society, where the former plays the role of the main, direct driver for the latter. We outline the related qualitative changes in science organisation, practice and purposes, giving rise to the sustainability transition in the entire civilisation dynamics towards the well-specified superior level of its unreduced, now well understood and universally defined complexity.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[952] viXra:1808.0615 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-28 23:45:35

Flood with Its Probable Datings

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 21 Pages. -

Statement of a question. If the Flood noted in the Bible really existed, from it naturally there had to be numerous material traces. Such traces are available.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[951] viXra:1808.0556 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-24 17:19:22

Low-Temperature Energy Efficiency of Lithium-Ion Batteries

Authors: Ashkan Nazari, Roja Esmaeeli, Seyed Reza Hashemi, Haniph Aliniagerdroudbari, Siamak Farhad
Comments: 7 Pages.

In this study, the low-temperature energy efficiency of lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) with different chemistries and nominal capacities at various charge and discharge rates is studied through multi-physics modeling and computer simulation. The model is based on the irreversible heat generation in the battery, leading to the charge/discharge efficiency in LIBs with graphite/LiFePO4, graphite/LiMn2O4, and graphite/LiCoO2 electrode materials in which the effects of the battery nominal capacity at various charge and discharge rates are studied. Using characterized sources of the heat generation in the LIB leads to providing a battery efficiency plot at different operation condition for each LIBs. The results of this study assist the battery engineers to have much more accurate prediction over the efficiency of the LIBs at low temperatures.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[950] viXra:1808.0555 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-24 17:23:29

Experimental Investigation on Newtonian Drop Formation in Different Continuous Phase Fluids

Authors: Ashkan Nazari, Arash Nazari
Comments: 5 Pages.

In this work, formation water drops as a Newtonian fluid in different bulk fluids are investigated. A MATLAB code has been developed to process the images taken via a high speed camera in the lab to measure the contact angle of drop, as well as the drop’s diameter and volume at different stages of formation. It is found that the water drop shows similar behavior when they shaped in the liquid phase bulk fluid with different properties while the drop formation’s behavior is substantially different when water drops are formed in the gas bulk fluid. In addition, it is tried to predict the frequency of drop formation at different flow rates with regard to the inertial and surface tension forces applied to the dispread fluid.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[949] viXra:1808.0554 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-24 17:26:46

Fast Fault Diagnosis of a Lithium-Ion Battery for Hybrid Electric Aircraft

Authors: Seyed Reza Hashemi, Ashkan Nazari, Roja Esmaeeli, Haniph Aliniagerdroudbari, Muapper Alhadri, Waleed Zakri, Abdul Haq Mohammed, Ajay Mahajan, Siamak Farhad
Comments: 8 Pages.

A well-designed battery management system along with a set of voltage and current sensors is required to properly measure and control the battery cell operational variables for Hybrid Electric Aircrafts (HEAs). Some critical functions of the battery including State-Of-Charge (SOC) and State-Of-Health (SOH) estimations, over-current, and over-/under-voltage protections are mainly related to current and voltage sensor measurements. Therefore, in case of battery faults occur in HEA, designing a reliable and robust diagnostic procedure is essential. In this study, for Li-ion batteries, a new and fast fault diagnosis technique via collecting data is proposed. Finally, the effectiveness of the proposed diagnostic method is validated, and the results show how over-charge, over-discharge and sensor faults can be accurately detected.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[948] viXra:1808.0553 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-24 17:28:02

Optimization of a Rainbow Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting System for Tire Monitoring Applications

Authors: RojaEsmaeeli, Haniph Aliniagerdroudbari, Ashkan Nazari, Seyed Reza Hashemi, Muapper Alhadri, Waleed Zakri, Abdul Haq Mohammed, Celal Batur, Siamak Farhad
Comments: 8 Pages.

Ambient energy harvesting using piezoelectric transducers is becoming popular to provide power for small microelectronics devices. The deflection of tires during rotation is an example of the source of energy for electric power generation. This generated power can be used to feed tire self-powering sensors for bicycles, cars, trucks, and airplanes. The aim of this study is to optimize the energy efficiency of a rainbow shape piezoelectric transducer mounted on the inner layer of a pneumatic tire for providing enough power for microelectronics devices required to monitor tires. For this aim a rainbow shape piezoelectric transducer is adjusted with the tire dimensions and excited based on the car speed and strain. The geometry and load resistance effects of the piezoelectric transducer is optimized using Multiphysics modeling and finite element analysis.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[947] viXra:1808.0295 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-19 09:07:23

Implementing Green Certifications (ISO14001 and EMAS) in AVANI Central

Authors: Sahan Fernando
Comments: 10 Pages.

Study Structure First a review of the extent literature on environmental management will be developed, focusing on EMAS and ISO14001 in the hospitality industry, the stakeholder’s role in ensuring environmental management and challenges of implementing environment certifications. Then the method will be used in the analysis of the study can be outlined. The data obtained address the extent to which the findings show support for the study objectives and aim and suggestions for hoteliers will be established. Lastly conclusions can be discussed and limitations and some suggestions for future. Study aims The aim of this study is to explore the implementation of green practices in the Hotel AVANI and investigate the benefits that the hotel can obtain from implementing certifications such as the ISO14001 and EMAS.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[946] viXra:1808.0124 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-09 11:44:10

Universal Archetypes of Sense Perception

Authors: Royan Rosche
Comments: 3 Pages.

Sense perception reveals fundamental qualities of the universe for the benefit of the human being.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[945] viXra:1808.0123 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-09 12:39:27

Risk-Reduction Credit for Very Early Warning Fire Detection at Nuclear Power Plants: from Faq to Fiction

Authors: Raymond H Gallucci
Comments: 14 Pages.

In 2004, the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), with support from the commercial nuclear power industry, adopted the 2001 Edition of National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Standard 805, “Performance-Based Standard for Fire Protection for Light Water Reactor Electric Generating Plants,” as the means by which commercial nuclear power licensees could comply with Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Part 50.48[c], to replace deterministic fire protection licensing bases with ones that are risk-informed and performance-based. To facilitate licensee “transitions” to the new licensing bases via NFPA 805, a “Frequently Asked Questions” (FAQs) program, established early during the pilot-plant phase, was expanded to enable use of consensus technical “short-cuts” for fire probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) methods. These “Fire PRA FAQs” enabled licensees, with NRC approval, to bypass more traditional means of establishing acceptable PRA method enhancements on an interim basis, pending eventual confirmation by test programs and/or more detailed analyses. The NRC approved several, of which perhaps the most substantial in providing risk reduction benefits was FAQ 08-0046 on “Incipient Fire Detection Systems,” more accurately characterized as “Very Early Warning Fire Detection Systems” (VEWFDSs). Controversial from the start, the hidden story behind this FAQ’s initial adoption is relevant to examination of the NRC NUREG report that later replaced it and remains in effect today. This article examines this backstory, tracing recommendations that were proposed and bypassed, then examines alternatives to the current guidance. These alternatives, which maximize possible risk reduction credit for VEWFDSs at nuclear power plants, remain at least a factor of two less than the current peak NUREG-2180 risk-reduction factor even before the latter accounts for the possibility of fire pre-emption altogether.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[944] viXra:1808.0035 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-02 22:10:02

Terrariums and Ecospheres – for Kids

Authors: Sam Micheal
Comments: 6 Pages.

a guide for parents and kids
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[943] viXra:1807.0474 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-29 01:31:28

Metal Halide Greenhouse Lighting on Mars

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 2 Pages.

an informative and funny essay about how we really need to Prepare Before we try to colonize Mars
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[942] viXra:1807.0432 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-25 13:13:54

Cobalt vs Tantalum Bombs Used in Armageddon

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 1 Page.

a humorous yet serious brief essay about which kinds of bombs to use in Armageddon
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[941] viXra:1807.0401 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-24 07:11:20

Lemurian Yoga Practice for the Prevention, Control and Healing of Physical Complaints and Mental Disorders

Authors: Acharya Sennimalai kalimuthu
Comments: 17 Pages. na

According to Hatha yoga, yoga is uniting the body and the soul. But according to Lemurian Yoga, yoga is meant the unification of body, mind and soul also with the unification of cosmic energy with the bio energy. The Lemurian Yoga is still a hidden treasure and the author through this journal attempts to disseminate and unlock the beauties of this classical yoga.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[940] viXra:1807.0339 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-20 00:12:48

THE Weak-link in Quantum Communications

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 1 Page.

a brief argument about the impossibility of noiseless quantum communication networks
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[939] viXra:1807.0038 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-01 08:55:57

Antena Libro

Authors: Carlos Alejandro Chiappioni
Comments: 4 Pages. English: The expenditure of money to build the antenna is minimal.

English : It is an antenna project based on new physics. The design was not decided freely. It has resulted from the conditions that, according to that new physics, optimize the transfer of energy from matter (antenna) to radiation. It has been the simplest way to meet the optimization requirements deduced from that physics. --------- Español : Es un proyecto de antena basado en física nueva. El diseño no fue decidido libremente. Ha resultado de las condiciones que, según esa física nueva, optimizan la transferencia de energía desde la materia (antena) hacia la radiación. Ha sido la manera más sencilla de cumplir los reuisitos de optimización deducidos de esa física.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[938] viXra:1806.0461 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-29 07:34:07

Nothingness: a Sketch

Authors: Alexander Balatsky
Comments: 19 Pages.

The paper claims that certain problems faced by both physical cosmology and quantum mechanics trace back to a misconception of the nature of nothingness. In addressing this challenge, the paper assumes that the physics and the mathematics of nothingness constitute an epistemic complementary pair that lies at the heart of the edifice of the universe. Given such insight, we are able not only to explain how some fundamental physics challenges might be met, but also to reveal that both inanimate matter and living beings are exactly parallel in their attempts to overcome chaos and maintain order.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[937] viXra:1806.0378 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-26 03:14:47

On the Origin of Extraterrestrial Industrial Civilizations

Authors: Steven Suan Zhu
Comments: 365 Pages. This is the 2nd version originally published on Feb 26th, 2018 on Researchgate, DOI: DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.19408.00004/1

The emergence of intelligence is likely a relatively recent phenomena throughout the cosmos. The total number of habitable extraterrestrial planets within the Milky Way capable of supporting advanced, intelligent life within the next 500 Myr is <10,799. Almost all of which are earth-like orbiting around a single star with mass ranges from 0.628 to 1 solar mass. No exomoons are capable of supporting advanced life, and a negligible number of low mass binary systems (<0.628 solar mass) are habitable. The nearest extraterrestrial industrial civilization lies at least 88.7 million light years away, and possibly 111 million light years beyond. No extraterrestrial civilization arises before 232.74 Mya within the observable universe, and no extraterrestrial civilization arises before 270.95 Mya within the universe by co-moving distance. Despite great distances between the nearest civilizations and the low probability of emergence within our vicinity, given the sheer size of the universe, the total number of intelligent extraterrestrial civilizations likely approaches infinity or 1 4.4·107 3 · 3.621 · 106 · 101010122 if the universe is finitely bounded. Based on incentives for economic growth, all civilizations tend to expands near the speed of light and will eventually universally connect with each other via wormhole networks. Within such a network, the furtherst distances traversable from earth can be either infinite or 3.621 · 106 · 101010122 light years in radius if the universe is finitely bounded.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[936] viXra:1806.0328 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-22 11:41:03

Lucifer, Humanity’s Warden

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 2 Pages.

why we NEED to get OFF this rock, Earth
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[935] viXra:1806.0290 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-21 01:08:40

Hyper­time and Temporal Elasticity

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 3 Pages.

a 3-page anecdote about my experiences with time
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[934] viXra:1806.0289 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-21 01:14:17

Our Misconceptions of the Unknown

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 4 Pages.

a two-category essay about a theological concept, the Quadry, and temporal elasticity, part of gravitation, physics
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[933] viXra:1806.0266 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-15 15:39:22

Regenerative Engineering, Engineering Symbiosis and Resilience

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 4 Pages.

preface to the undergraduate textbook
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[932] viXra:1806.0253 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-16 14:06:23

Refutation that "It is Impossible for Humans to Implement Moral Absolutism" Copyright © 2008, 2018 by Colin James III All Rights Reserved.

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that comments on Disqus are not forwarded or read, so respond to author's email address: info@cec-services dot com.

The contra example as "It is possible for humans to implement moral absolutism" is confirmed as tautologous.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[931] viXra:1806.0249 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-16 23:56:07

Regenerative Engineering, a Textbook for Tomorrow’s Sustainable Engineering

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 26 Pages.

[version 0] Contents: Systems-Reliability John Hardman and Regenerative Leadership Regenerative Engineering Case Studies of Pre-RE Engineering Space Shuttle Challenger Space Shuttle Columbia Tacoma Narrows Bridge Software Engineering Colonizing Mars – Missions Planning Genetic Engineering – Organism Design Advanced Robotics and RE Space Systems Engineering
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[930] viXra:1806.0195 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-14 20:38:17

Unification in Context

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 1 Page.

imbued and derivable core features of our universe putting Unification concepts in context
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[929] viXra:1806.0194 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-14 22:14:34

On Relativity and Absolutism in Morality

Authors: Jonathan W. Tooker
Comments: 1 Page.

We demonstrate that it is impossible for humans to implement moral absolutism. The resolution to any moral proposition is, in all cases, an implementation of moral relativity.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[928] viXra:1806.0182 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-13 13:10:05

Satanic Doctoring of Data in Government Labs

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 2 Pages.

in some ways, I hope I'm wrong
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[927] viXra:1806.0176 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-12 08:24:06

Why I Will Never Receive the Nobel Prize in Physics

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 3 Pages.

5 reasons why and a reasonable compromise
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[926] viXra:1806.0169 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-12 14:19:31

Unequivocal Proof Wikipedia, the Nobel Committee, and Physics Have Been Satanically Manipulated

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 3 Pages.

circumstantial evidence, as in a civil case, how we've been manipulated
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[925] viXra:1806.0167 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-12 15:28:38

My 12 Favorite Bugs

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 1 Page.

a humorous brief essay
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[924] viXra:1806.0143 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-12 04:23:32

The Physics of Time

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 5 Pages.

This essay contains three sub-essays: 1. Science and Bad Sci-fi 2. Antimatter and Time 3. Special Relativity and Time
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[923] viXra:1806.0132 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-10 21:09:24

Why the Standard Model is a House of Cards

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 3 Pages.

an explanation of why the Standard Model is so precariously teetering on the verge of catastrophic failure
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[922] viXra:1806.0123 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-09 06:42:07

Science and Bad Sci-fi

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 3 Pages.

an essay about three new technologies, bad science fiction concepts, physics, and Christianity
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[921] viXra:1805.0548 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-31 06:37:26

Physics and True Civilization

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 2 Pages.

the links between physics and true civilization are explored
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[920] viXra:1805.0529 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-31 00:05:26

Why there is Something Rather Than Nothing

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 2 Pages.

The "matter-only" asymmetry of our Cosmos is why we exist and why there is "something rather than nothing".
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[919] viXra:1805.0473 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-26 09:04:32

Planting of Jaboticaba Trees for Landscape Repair o f Degraded Area

Authors: Marcia Regina Risso Gobato, Ricardo Gobato, Alireza Heidari
Comments: 9 Pages. Keywords: Eugenia cauliflora , Garden, Guapuru, Jaboticaba, Jia Bao Fuit, Landsc ape, Myrciaria cauliflora , Ybapuru. Landscape Architecture and Regional Planning 2018; 3(1): 1-9 http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/j/larp doi: 10.11648/j.larp.2018

The Jaboticaba, (Myrciaria cauliflora, Berg), known as black pearl fruit and grape of the trees in China. Native to South America, mainly in south-central Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina. Also grown in South Florida (U. S.), Caribbean, Venezuela, Peru and China (Mainland). The fruit stands out in the popular preference due to the sweetness of the fruits which makes the consumption in natura viable. Chosen as a suggestion of recovery and revitalization of the landscape of small urban area degraded by human intervention. From tasty fruits like tropical grapes, their flowers sprout on the trunk and on the main branches, and sometimes on the new branches. It pre sents small white flowers, of small pollen and yellow that emits a delicious fragrance. Once formed, the Jaboticaba wi ll leave the central bed with lush environment presents good shading, delicious fruits to be enjoyed for human consumption and local wildlife, such as wild birds and hares.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[918] viXra:1805.0444 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-25 03:38:56

Review, World on Edge

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 5 Pages.

On the edge?
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[917] viXra:1805.0429 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-23 19:31:10

Fine Soccer(5)

Authors: Morio Kikuchi
Comments: 322 Pages.

We modify the present rule of soccer in order to be able to get points of plural kinds referring to the point system of rugby.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[916] viXra:1805.0428 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-23 19:35:11

Fine Soccer(6)

Authors: Morio Kikuchi
Comments: 286 Pages.

We modify the present rule of soccer in order to be able to get points of plural kinds referring to the point system of rugby.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[915] viXra:1805.0403 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-21 13:52:40

Risk-Deformed Regulation: What Went Wrong with Nfpa 805

Authors: Raymond HV Gallucci
Comments: 50 Pages. This documents the twists and turns necessary for the US commercial nuclear power regulation for "risk-informed, performance-based" fire protection to be established and then adopted at half of the US plants, and declared a "success."

Before proceeding, and lest opponents of nuclear power think this paper lends support to their efforts to shut down the nuclear industry, I must state the following. NFPA 805 will have been successful in that plants transitioning to it will be as safe as or safer than prior to transition. Plants that made no changes will have at least assessed their fire risks and be more knowledgeable of potential weaknesses that could compromise safety. Having found none, they will not have the need for changes. Plants that made effective changes will be safer than before. If you are one who believes the end justifies the means, then this “bottom line” is all that matters and you need read no further. However, if you are one who believes the means are also important, then you are the audience that I address. I am in no way contending that adoption of NFPA 805 compromised safety – I, too, believe that plants will be as safe or safer as a result of the transition. Why I wrote this paper is to express frustration over the “compromises” allowed by the NRC, and the “short-cuts” and “deviations” taken by the nuclear industry, to fulfill the promise of a “sea change” in fire protection at nuclear power plants through risk-informed, performance-based regulation. And, while no diminution of safety will have occurred, it is possible there were missed opportunities to improve safety if changes might have been made, or different changes substituted for those that were made, if not for these “compromises,” “short-cuts” and “deviations.” I must confess to being guilty of false optimism in December 2006 when I wrote “perhaps the single achievement most responsible for the improved regulatory environment for fire protection at commercial nuclear power plants has been the modification to 10CFR50.48 that allows licensees to ‘maintain a fire protection program that complies with NFPA 805 as an alternative to complying with [past, purely deterministic regulations]’” (Gallucci, “Thirty-Three Years of Regulating Fire Protection at Commercial U.S. Nuclear Power Plants: Dousing the Flames of Controversy,” Fire Technology, Vol. 45, pp. 355-380, 2009).
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[914] viXra:1805.0367 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-21 03:40:05

The Use of Renewable Energy in High-Rise Buildings in Seaside Cities

Authors: Ri Un-Chol, Ri Gum-Chol, Ri Kwang-Chon, Mun Gil-Woon,Han Sun-Hyok
Comments: 2 Pages.

Solar energy is one of the cleanest energy sources. The proportion of renewable energy used in total building energy consumption is more than 5%. "Preferences:" The amount of renewable energy used in the total building energy consumption is more than 10%. "Explanatory Notes on the Indicators Explanatory Notes on Solar Hot Water the system description is: 5% the following indicators can be used to judge - if the cell
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[913] viXra:1805.0350 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-20 09:01:20

42, It’s Just a Number

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 3 Pages.

a humorous essay about life and physics unification
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[912] viXra:1805.0331 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-19 00:53:29

The Nature of Science; the Process of Axiomatization

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 2 Pages.

Outline: I. students can 'do' science II. science requires self-discipline III. scientists should organize their minds from childhood IV. scientists must ask 'the hard' questions V. great theoretical scientists need fluency in axiomatization VI. in the process of learning, significant achievements can be made
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[911] viXra:1805.0310 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-15 11:30:55

The Logic of Elements of Reality

Authors: Max Null, Sergey Belov
Comments: 30 Pages. I am sorry

We define the logic of elements of reality. The logic of elements of reality is not a logic in the classical sense. It is an abstract language for constructing models of a certain kind. In part, it corresponds to the language of propositional logic. We define the logic of elements of reality on arbitrary sets of elements of reality. The basic relation between arbitrary elements of reality p, q is the relation p |> q (if there exists p, then there exists q). We consider the physical space and the property: if p |> q then takes place E(p) >= E(q) (E() is energy). For strongly deterministic spaces the law of energy conservation is described as follows: from p |> q, q |> p it follows E(p) = E(q).
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[910] viXra:1805.0282 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-13 07:29:01

Metaphysical Problem of Why there is Something Instead of Nothing © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All Rights Reserved.

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. info@cec-services.com

For "Why there is something rather than nothing", we rewrite as "Nothing implies something". (1) For "Why there is anything rather than nothing", we rewrite as "Nothing implies anything". (2) The difference from (1) to (2) is in the modal or quantified operator in the consequent going from possibility to necessity or from one/some to all. Both expressions (1) and (2) are tautologous and theorems. This means nothing implies anything, but anything does not imply nothing. Hence the metaphysical problem is answered.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[909] viXra:1805.0218 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-10 20:15:20

Analysis of Various Biblical Themes

Authors: Peter Bissonnet
Comments: 16 Pages.

The author believes that people are turning away from Christianity because (due to their free will) they cannot believe in the validity of various concepts, such as a unique and universal Crucifixion. They believe that everything was localized to this insignificant planet and nowhere else, and, hence, Christianity is pretty blasé and probably has a lot of deceptions, misconceptions, etc., just like most of human history has. Of course, the Crucifixion occurred locally on this planet, but the implications for other planets in far off galaxies are just as crucial. Do earthlings make better Christians than those in some galaxy residing out where the quasars roam? No, we don’t. The Bible tells us to “prove all things”; in other words, reason analytically, responsibly, determine the truth! That is just what science does, or is supposed to do, but when scientists ally themselves too closely to government, their objectivity is capable of being bought or skewed by those governments, which keeps some subjects taboo as far as being investigated properly. This paper is trying desperately to determine what the truth is in those, admittedly strange events which have happened in the history of the New Testament. The author has also included a section on the search for new physical principles, by establishing working hypotheses and using these to analyze certain Bible miracles and such other phenomena which might seem appropriate. As a physicist and mathematician, the author finds the miracles of the Bible to be filled with a vast potential for discovery of new physical principles. The author hopes you will too.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[908] viXra:1805.0191 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-09 10:36:03

Test

Authors: Ja
Comments: 2 Pages.

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Category: General Science and Philosophy

[907] viXra:1805.0066 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-03 06:34:55

Refutation of Hegel's Dialectical Method © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All Rights Reserved.

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. info@cec-services dot com

Three equations as rendered are tautologous and six are not tautologous, with three of those as contradictions. The definition of Being-for-itself in so called State 3 is a contradiction. Subsequently the main results for Stages 4, 5, and 6 are not tautologous. We conclude that this refutes Hegel's dialectical method, and in only one variable.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[906] viXra:1805.0063 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-03 07:04:51

One Approach to Understanding the Big Picture [reality]

Authors: John Raymond
Comments: 8 Pages.

Abstract I have constructed an illustrative work written more especially for people who may care to look at wider reality and our associated lives. This is in a different manner from which you have probably heard before. This is a philosophical document that may also be useful for student perusal. I say that Big Picture Reality may have informationally emerged from an imaginary jigsaw like matrix of information before the Big Bang. I say that information before the Big Bang is virtual and information after the Big bang is real. I talk about how virtual and real information may come together to help us to understand how our universe might work as well as how it may impact upon our daily lives. This includes how we might make the types of decisions that we do and subsequently behave. conceptscience@bigpond.com
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[905] viXra:1805.0060 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-03 07:11:21

Analysis and Calculation for High Frequency Amplifier Circuits

Authors: Haofeng Zhang
Comments: 271 Pages.

This is in Chinese that is about the high frequency character of amplifier circuits.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[904] viXra:1804.0402 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-26 21:44:14

A Study on the Improvement of Servo Control Characteristics of Ultra Precision Machine Tools by ANFIS-PID Controller

Authors: Su-Bom Yun, On-Jeng Sim
Comments: 17 Pages. Ultra-precision machine tools are highly demanding machining environments.

The demand for ultra-precision machining is increasing day by day. In particular, demand for ultra-precision processing products is increasing in many fields such as defense industry, space industry, and economy. Accordingly, ultra-precision processing technology is also increasing. However, the precision of machining varies depending on the environment. The most influential factors are vibration, temperature, and wear. Therefore, a special tool setting a micro-thermosensor is installed to measure the temperature change at the cutting point in real time. Recently, various artificial intelligence manipulation techniques have been studied to overcome these deficiencies. In this paper, we describe the improvement of the control accuracy compared to the previous controllers by applying the adaptive neuro-fuzzy controller that takes into account the model uncertainty of the subject and by conducting the simulation.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[903] viXra:1804.0350 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-25 09:53:45

Back to Enchantment ?

Authors: Elemer E Rosinger
Comments: 49 Pages.

The fundamental concept of the "UNKNOWN UNKNOWN" introduced seemingly accidentally by Donald Rumsfeld in 2002, is shown to have a rather unique ontological role which may make it suitable for a disenchanted modern generation to wake up to the existence and fundamental role of what traditionally is called the "transcendental".
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[902] viXra:1804.0319 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-23 09:13:23

Torsion Field and Interstellar Communication

Authors: Victor Shkatov, Vitaliy Zamsha
Comments: 34 Pages. For education and for communication engineers

Authors of this book made attempt to explain what is Torsion Field and how this can be used to build communication systems or for further research ...
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[901] viXra:1804.0308 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-21 08:42:43

Magnetic Scalar Field Generator

Authors: Vitaliy Zamsha, Vladimir Shevtsov
Comments: 8 Pages. innovation in magnetic scalar field

In this paper work, authors represent an innovative construction of the scalar field generator, which is named as “scalar gun”. Scalar gun proposed in this article can be used as a magnetic scalar field generator for educational purpose, for some research in physics or biology or medicine or as part of the communication system etc.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[900] viXra:1804.0199 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-14 05:29:00

Lyme Disease and Bee Venom Therapy

Authors: Mit Skolov
Comments: 3 Pages.

Abstract. It is reported about the growing interest in bee venom therapy in the treatment of Lyme disease (borreliosis) in the USA. Key words: Lyme disease, Lyme borreliosis, bee venom therapy, apitoxin therapy, honeybee venom, apitoxin, melittin.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[899] viXra:1804.0115 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-07 10:20:52

Does wu Kun’s Philosophy of Information Define What is Information?

Authors: Emanuel Diamant
Comments: 2 Pages.

The need for a generally accepted definition of “what is information” is self-evident and acute. However, Kun’s definition of information as a philosophical category indicating indirect being is unable to satisfy this need, especially when it comes to an everyday usage of the term. That forced me to seek for a more suitable definition of information. Despite the differences, Kun and I agree that we witness today a paradigm shift from data-based computational way of thinking to information-based cognitive way of thinking (Kun calls that “informalization of science”). Below is provided a short comment on the issue.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[898] viXra:1804.0084 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-05 12:33:41

Corrigendum Apendix

Authors: P.F. Prado
Comments: 1 Page.

Corrigendum apendix
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[897] viXra:1804.0034 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-03 02:33:54

Does Music Enable us to Understand Foreign Lyrics

Authors: Yahya Awad Sharif Mohammed
Comments: 2 Pages.

This article aims to clarify briefly that music might be the reason behind our ability to understand a song foreign lyrics
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[896] viXra:1804.0030 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-01 08:50:34

Omnipresent Consciousness and Free Will

Authors: Claus Janew
Comments: 10 Pages. CC-BY 4.0 / Janew, Claus. 2011. Omnipresent Consciousness and Free Will. Journal of Consciousness Exploration & Research 2, no. 6: 868-876

This article is not an attempt to explain consciousness in terms basically of quantum physics or neuro-biology. Instead I should like to place the term "Consciousness" on a broader footing. I shall therefore proceed from everyday reality, precisely where we experience ourselves as conscious beings. I shall use the term in such a general way as to resolve the question whether only a human being enjoys consciousness, or even a thermostat. Whilst the difference is considerable, it is not fundamental. Every effect exists in the perception of a consciousness. I elaborate on its freedom of choice, in my view the most important source of creativity, in a similarly general way. The problems associated with a really conscious decision do not disappear by mixing determination with a touch of coincidence. Both must enter into a higher unity. In so doing it will emerge that a certain degree of freedom of choice is just as omnipresent as consciousness - an inherent part of reality itself.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[895] viXra:1804.0005 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-01 02:01:40

Heroical Apatheism: Mala Fide Bootstrapping Obligations

Authors: Ian von Hegner
Comments: 20 Pages.

Discussions regarding hypothetical gods’ virtually always focuses on their existence or nonexistence. These, however, are only the secondary questions. Heroical apatheism distingue these questions from the question about the gods’ relevancy, which is the primary question. It is a deeply ingrained assumption, that if the gods’ have created the universe and humankind, then this also implicit entails the obligations that the gods’ must be worshipped and obeyed. These relations between existence and acts and worship and obedience to the gods are so commonplace, that virtually no one questions whether they exist at all. The gods’ rights are simply assumed at face value. However, the issue regarding these necessary relations are in no way trivial. In this article these relations will be illuminated through first formulating two cosmological models for the initial condition of the universe, and thereafter apply these in analyses of the claims regarding these relations. By doing so it is shown, that the justifications for these obligations always ends in a Münchhausen bootstrapping circularity or is ad hoc. There cannot be demonstrated any necessary relations between existence and worship, between acts of creation and obedience. Furthermore, these assumptions rests on an overlooked point. Arguing for or against obligations to the gods’ assumes implicit, that these gods’ have a right to obligations to begin with. However, all that can be shown is power to enforce obedience. Thus, heroical apatheism is neither founded on doubt, nor on disobedience, because disobedience implies an authority, and an authority’s right presuppose, that there is such a right. However, there is no such right, and we no longer equate might with right.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[894] viXra:1803.0707 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-29 12:09:25

Fine-Structure Constant from Golden Ratio Geometry

Authors: Michael A. Sherbon
Comments: 17 Pages. International Journal of Mathematics and Physical Sciences Research, 5, 2, 89-100 (2018).

After a brief review of the golden ratio in history and our previous exposition of the fine-structure constant and equations with the exponential function, the fine-structure constant is studied in the context of other research calculating the fine-structure constant from the golden ratio geometry of the hydrogen atom. This research is extended and the fine-structure constant is then calculated in powers of the golden ratio to an accuracy consistent with the most recent publications. The mathematical constants associated with the golden ratio are also involved in both the calculation of the fine-structure constant and the proton-electron mass ratio. These constants are included in symbolic geometry of historical relevance in the science of the ancients.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[893] viXra:1803.0402 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-21 16:35:25

Letter to a Friend on Rumsfeld's Unknown Unknown ...

Authors: Elemer E Rosinger
Comments: 14 Pages. It may also interest the VIXRA Category of "Religion and Spirituality"

The essay is about how to recover the vast majority of the present day Western world from their aggressive secularism, and do so with the help of the concept of UNKNOWN UNKNOWN introduced - rather accidentally - back in 2002 by Donald Rumsfeld ...
Category: General Science and Philosophy

Replacements of recent Submissions

[204] viXra:1808.0164 [pdf] replaced on 2018-09-03 20:11:00

Cellular Automaton Graphics(3)

Authors: Morio Kikuchi
Comments: 60 Pages.

Developping a regular polyhedron on a plane, setting discrete coordinates on the development and applying a boundary condition of regular polyhedron to it, we realize a symmetrical graphics.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[203] viXra:1807.0119 [pdf] replaced on 2018-07-09 20:29:47

Cellular Automaton Graphics(2)

Authors: Morio Kikuchi
Comments: 51 Pages.

Developping a regular polyhedron on a plane, setting discrete coordinates on the development and applying a boundary condition of regular polyhedron to it, we realize a symmetrical graphics.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[202] viXra:1806.0215 [pdf] replaced on 2018-07-12 07:23:00

Light, Electricity and Liquids

Authors: Vitaliy Zamsha, Vladimir Shevtsov
Comments: 10 Pages. For Scientists, Engineers and Hobby

The authors of this article represents some effects in liquids under the influence of the light and electricity. It was investigated liquid's reaction on exposure of lights from LEDs in different spectrum range. Also some interesting phenomena was observed in some liquids.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[201] viXra:1806.0194 [pdf] replaced on 2018-07-06 09:11:39

On Relativity and Absolutism in Morality

Authors: Jonathan W. Tooker
Comments: 1 Page.

We demonstrate that it is impossible for humans to implement moral absolutism. The resolution to any moral proposition is, in all cases, an implementation of moral relativity.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[200] viXra:1805.0529 [pdf] replaced on 2018-06-02 12:36:53

Why there is Something Rather Than Nothing

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 2 Pages.

The "matter-only" asymmetry of our Cosmos is why we exist and why there is "something rather than nothing".
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[199] viXra:1805.0427 [pdf] replaced on 2018-09-11 22:30:14

Cellular Automaton Graphics

Authors: Morio Kikuchi
Comments: 50 Pages.

Developping a regular polyhedron on a plane, setting discrete coordinates on the development and applying a boundary condition of regular polyhedron to it, we realize a symmetrical graphics.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[198] viXra:1805.0310 [pdf] replaced on 2018-06-26 20:56:28

The Logic of Elements of Reality

Authors: Max Null, Sergey Belov
Comments: 60 Pages.

We define the logic of elements of reality. The logic of elements of reality is not a logic in the classical sense. It is an abstract language for constructing models of a certain kind. In part, it corresponds to the language of propositional logic. We define the logic of elements of reality on arbitrary sets of elements of reality. The basic relation between arbitrary elements of reality p, q is the relation p |> q (if there exists p, then there exists q). We consider the physical space and the property: if p |> q then takes place E(p) >= E(q) (E() is energy). For strongly deterministic spaces the law of energy conservation is described as follows: from p |> q, q |> p it follows E(p) = E(q).
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[197] viXra:1805.0310 [pdf] replaced on 2018-06-23 22:45:18

The Logic of Elements of Reality

Authors: Max Null, Sergey Belov
Comments: 53 Pages.

We define the logic of elements of reality. The logic of elements of reality is not a logic in the classical sense. It is an abstract language for constructing models of a certain kind. In part, it corresponds to the language of propositional logic. We define the logic of elements of reality on arbitrary sets of elements of reality. The basic relation between arbitrary elements of reality p, q is the relation p |> q (if there exists p, then there exists q). We consider the physical space and the property: if p |> q then takes place E(p) >= E(q) (E() is energy). For strongly deterministic spaces the law of energy conservation is described as follows: from p |> q, q |> p it follows E(p) = E(q).
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[196] viXra:1805.0310 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-19 19:26:27

The Logic of Elements of Reality

Authors: Max Null, Sergey Belov
Comments: 35 Pages. I add new chapter 11 (russian text)

We define the logic of elements of reality. The logic of elements of reality is not a logic in the classical sense. It is an abstract language for constructing models of a certain kind. In part, it corresponds to the language of propositional logic. We define the logic of elements of reality on arbitrary sets of elements of reality. The basic relation between arbitrary elements of reality p, q is the relation p |> q (if there exists p, then there exists q). We consider the physical space and the property: if p |> q then takes place E(p) >= E(q) (E() is energy). For strongly deterministic spaces the law of energy conservation is described as follows: from p |> q, q |> p it follows E(p) = E(q).
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[195] viXra:1804.0005 [pdf] replaced on 2018-06-27 06:01:17

Heroical Apatheism: Mala Fide Bootstrapping Obligations

Authors: Ian von Hegner
Comments: 20 Pages.

Abstract: Discussions on hypothetical gods virtually always focus on the latter’s existence or nonexistence. However, these are only the secondary questions. Heroical apatheism distinguishes these questions from the primary question, which pertains to the importance of these gods. It is a deeply ingrained assumption that if the gods have created the universe and humankind, then this implicitly entails the obligations that these gods must be worshipped and obeyed. These relations between existence and acts and worship and obedience to the gods are so commonplace that virtually no one questions their existence. The rights of these gods are simply assumed at face value. However, the issues pertaining to these necessary relations are not trivial in any respect. This paper highlights these relations by first formulating two cosmological models for the initial condition of the universe and, thereafter, applying these in the analyses of the claims regarding these relations. By doing so, it shows that the justifications for the aforementioned obligations always result in a Münchhausen bootstrapping circularity or are ad hoc. Any necessary relations between existence and worship and between acts of creation and obedience cannot be demonstrated. Furthermore, these assumptions are based on the frequently overlooked reasoning that arguing for or against the obligations to the gods implicitly assumes that these gods have a right to such obligations to begin with. However, all that can be shown is the power to enforce obedience. Thus, heroical apatheism is founded on neither doubt nor disobedience because disobedience implies that an authority exists and an authority’s right presupposes that there is such a right. However, there is no such right, and we do not equate might with right.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[194] viXra:1804.0005 [pdf] replaced on 2018-06-09 07:00:48

Heroical Apatheism: Mala Fide Bootstrapping Obligations

Authors: Ian von Hegner
Comments: 21 Pages.

Discussions on hypothetical gods virtually always focus on the latter’s existence or nonexistence. However, these are only the secondary questions. Heroical apatheism distinguishes these questions from the primary question, which pertains to the importance of these gods. It is a deeply ingrained assumption that if the gods have created the universe and humankind, then this implicitly entails the obligations that these gods must be worshipped and obeyed. These relations between existence and acts and worship and obedience to the gods are so commonplace that virtually no one questions their existence. The rights of these gods are simply assumed at face value. However, the issues pertaining to these necessary relations are not trivial in any respect. This paper highlights these relations by first formulating two cosmological models for the initial condition of the universe and, thereafter, applying these in the analyses of the claims regarding these relations. By doing so, it shows that the justifications for the aforementioned obligations always result in a Münchhausen bootstrapping circularity or are ad hoc. Any necessary relations between existence and worship and between acts of creation and obedience cannot be demonstrated. Furthermore, these assumptions are based on the frequently overlooked reasoning that arguing for or against the obligations to the gods implicitly assumes that these gods have a right to such obligations. However, all that can be shown is the power to enforce obedience. Thus, heroical apatheism is founded on neither doubt nor disobedience because disobedience implies that an authority exists and an authority’s right presupposes that there is such a right. However, there is no such right, and we do not equate might with right.
Category: General Science and Philosophy