General Science and Philosophy

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Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed farther down

[1060] viXra:1911.0132 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-07 17:46:08

Dutch Governor Van Heemstra of Suriname: Humanitarian or Imperialist?

Authors: Lizzy Brewster
Comments: 6 pages, in English

The grave impact hundreds of years Dutch colonialism and slavery had on the socioeconomic situation and health of the Surinamese is not reflected in Steensma and colleague’s “Stamp vignette on medical science” Mayo Clin Proc. 2019;94:e111-e112., about the Dutch colonial governor of Suriname, A. van Heemstra.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1059] viXra:1911.0067 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-04 16:51:06

Refutation of a Theoretical Model of the Individual-Decision Making Processes for Refugees

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate an equation for conflict score which is not tautologous, thereby denying the conjectured title and forming a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1058] viXra:1911.0059 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-04 04:43:39

A Theoretical Model of the Individual-Decision Making Processes for Refugees

Authors: Rahul Joseph Fernandez
Comments: 12 Pages.

There exists contemporarily over 70 million people forced into displacement, which is historically the highest the world has seen, making aid for humanitarian crises more necessary than ever. This paper aims at a formulation for a basic theoretical model, within the Agent-Based Modelling (ABM) framework, that can be used in to make predictions about refugee migration-decision making processes. Some of the models existing are reviewed, serving as a reference for assumptions and choices made in the model presented here. Following which the model is described in the form of a cost-benefit evaluation problem along with the assumptions it makes. The model has no explicit analytic solution but can be employed by way of computerized simulations. Owing to a dearth of the requisite data to run simulations, the model was not simulated within this paper. Extensions to the model are discussed, as well as the challenges associated with modelling phenomena using ABMs.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1057] viXra:1911.0027 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-02 08:57:19

A Statement of Scientific Ethics

Authors: Peter Bissonnet
Comments: 2 Pages.

Scientific Ethics as Society, Government, and Science evolve.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1056] viXra:1910.0572 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-27 14:02:17

Gastric Perforation by Fish Bone Case Report (Published in the Canadian Journal of Biomedical Research and Technology [CJBRT] 2019; Volume 2, Issue 2

Authors: Pedro Monsalve
Comments: 5 Pages.

The ingestion of foreign bodies is usually accidental and asymptomatic due to the non-specificity of the symptoms, it is observed more frequently in patients with psychiatric illnesses, children and elderly people.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1055] viXra:1910.0412 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-21 01:44:06

Rembrand’s “Night Watch” Analysis

Authors: A. V. Grigorov
Comments: 1 Page.

Rembrandt's painting “The Night Watch” spells out the names of the two front figures.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1054] viXra:1910.0288 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-16 14:30:17

Coping with Compassion Fatigue and Burnout in Genetic Counselors using The Provider Resilience Mobile Application

Authors: Lindsey Kelley, Ms, Mph, Cgc
Comments: 26 Pages.

Introduction: Genetic counselors often work with patients in distress, which can take an emotional toll. Qualities that make genetic counselors effective, such as compassion and empathy, can leave them susceptible to experiencing burnout and compassion fatigue. There is a strong need for genetic counselors to be aware of their levels of burnout, and to make the commitment to incorporate self-care into their practice. This is particularly important as the daily workload and demands on genetic counselors continue to increase. The Provider Resilience mobile application (PR app) is a mobile app designed to help mental health professionals do just that, and consequently reduce their levels of burnout. Methods: This study sought to determine the effectiveness of the PR app in reducing burnout and compassion fatigue in genetic counselors. A total of 36 clinical genetic counselors were recruited to participate in the study via email in February 2019. They were asked to download and use the PR app “regularly” for one month time. They were also asked to complete pre and post surveys before and after using the app, measuring their levels of burnout and compassion fatigue (using the Professional Quality of Life scale). A paired sample t-test was used to assess significant differences in scores from the pre and post survey. Results: Study participants averaged 3.5 years (SD = 4.7) genetic counseling experience, and were overall satisfied with their position (47% satisfied; 44% somewhat satisfied; 6% somewhat dissatisfied; and 3% dissatisfied). Their baseline Compassion Satisfaction and Burnout scores were in the average range, while their Compassion Fatigue scores were in the low range. Results of the paired samples t-test indicated significant decreases in the Compassion Fatigue scores (t(34) = 2.299, p = .028), but Compassion Satisfaction and the Burnout scores did not significantly change after using the app for the month (t(34) = -.855, p = .398 and t(34) = 1.724, p = .094 respectively). Conclusion: Overall, this sample of genetic counselors appeared to be psychologically healthy, endorsing average levels of compassion fatigue and burnout and generally satisfied in their current position. While there was not much change in compassion satisfaction and burnout scores, there was a significant decrease in compassion fatigue after using the app. The Provider Resilience app appears to be easy to use and allows convenient and consistent availability of daily reminders to engage in self-care, which may help to reduce burnout in genetic counselors.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1053] viXra:1910.0134 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-09 12:33:01

Mind+Logic

Authors: Mohamed Ababou
Comments: 04 Pages.

The theory of Numbers have an end is a renaissance and a global scientific revolution. -Mohamed Ababou-
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1052] viXra:1910.0036 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-05 10:24:25

Nikolay Kardashev - a Seeker of Neighbors in Universe

Authors: Vladimir Aksayskiy
Comments: 2 Pages.

Nikolay Kardashev is an astrophysicist by profession, a spirit scout. The initiator of Soviet and Russian efforts in SETI. Created the Kardashev scale - a useful classification of civilizations in our universe for energy consumption.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1051] viXra:1909.0660 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-30 20:16:28

Auxiliary Brake System(2)

Authors: Morio Kikuchi
Comments: 8 Pages.

To brake system, we add an auxiliary brake system in which paddle at the front of steering wheel is an input device.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1050] viXra:1909.0659 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-30 20:21:35

Cellular Automaton Graphics(9)

Authors: Morio Kikuchi
Comments: 176 Pages.

Developping a regular polyhedron on a plane, setting discrete coordinates on the development and applying a boundary condition of regular polyhedron to it, we realize a symmetrical graphics.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1049] viXra:1909.0610 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-29 05:17:52

Метафизика природоподобных технологий

Authors: Попов Борис Михайлович
Comments: 60 Pages. Книга о природоподобных технологиях

Исследования по созданию природоподобных технологий набирают обороты. По заверениям адептов и апологетов движения, развитие природоподобных технологий нацелено на перевод техносферы на органичные природе принципы действия, на симметричный симбиоз техносферы с природой, при котором существующая ресурсная база не будет истощаться, а, наоборот, станет качественно развиваться и наращиваться. В результате человечество, преодолев ограничения прежней ресурсной базы, окажется в комфортной для продолжительной жизни среде обитания, получит доступ к немыслимым ныне дарам и благам. Однако среди многочисленных публикаций, направленных на разрешение поднятой проблемы, отсутствуют работы по ее философскому обоснованию и анализу.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1048] viXra:1909.0592 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-27 19:31:49

Sancho's Livery Stable

Authors: John Roach
Comments: 40 Pages.

Sancho's Livery Stable "Which ass do you want?" 14 Essays
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1047] viXra:1909.0496 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-23 14:40:34

On Color and Vision

Authors: Royan Rosche
Comments: 3 Pages.

I outline and explain 3 main flaws with modern vision and color theory, and from this I conclude that color is a intrinsic property of Nature, or a distinct property of bodies that is independent from vision, light and the brain. I show the distinction between Vision, Light, Color, and Electromagnetic Waves.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1046] viXra:1909.0343 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-16 14:55:41

Ineffective Obsessions in Brazilian Academia and Proposals Towards Meritocracy

Authors: M. Abambres, T. Ribeiro, A. Sousa, E. Lantsoght
Comments: 18 Pages.

Albeit its constitutional claim for quality, Brazilian academia has largely been referred to as unmeritocratic and academic hiring is still inward-oriented. Lattes platform, a public curricular information system, reflects elements of this protectionism. This article assesses two ‘obsessions’ in Brazilian academia: (i) the ‘mandatory’ Lattes CV, and (ii) the candidates’ assessment criteria in public tenders for faculty positions. Several pros and cons (mostly) of the Lattes platform are identified. The following improvements are proposed: (i) evaluations in public tenders based only on candidate’s CV, interview, and a sample lecture, (ii) the dismissal of Lattes CV as a mandatory format, and (iii) the use of platforms as Microsoft Academic, Google Scholar, ORCID or ResearcherID for curricular information. With these recommendations, Brazil can move towards a more meritocratic academic hiring system.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1045] viXra:1909.0342 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-16 14:57:55

Research Counts, Not the Journal

Authors: M. Abambres, T. Ribeiro, A. Sousa, E. Lantsoght
Comments: 13 Pages.

‘If there is one thing every bibliometrician agrees, is that you should never use the journal impact factor (JIF) to evaluate research performance for an article or an individual – that is a mortal sin’. Few sentences could define so precisely the uses and misuses of the Journal Impact Factor (JIF) better than Anthony van Raan’s. This manuscript presents a critical overview on the international use, by governments and institutions, of the JIF and/or journal indexing information for individual research quality assessment. Interviews given by Nobel Laureates speaking on this matter are partially illustrated in this work. Furthermore, the authors propose complementary and alternative versions of the journal impact factor, respectively named Complementary (CIF) and Timeless (TIF) Impact Factors, aiming to better assess the average quality of a journal – never of a paper or an author. The idea behind impact factors is not useless, it has just been misused.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1044] viXra:1909.0319 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-15 20:46:25

How (Not) to Lead Academia

Authors: M. Abambres
Comments: Pages.

This work reports several issues found by the author throughout his professional career, concerning academic leadership. Topics like (i) out-of-field teaching/researching, and (ii) time management in faculty hiring or new role assignment, are addressed. Besides, the author describes which fundamental decisions he´d take if he could manage a higher education institution or academic department. The topics covered are crucial for the success of any higher education institution, such as (a) hiring, (b) social engagement, (c) student assessment, (d) open mindedness, (e) prompt communication, and (f) passion in work.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1043] viXra:1909.0220 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 04:32:08

Measuring the Environmental Sustainability of Cities and Societies

Authors: Ricardo Alvira
Comments: 61 Pages.

Increasing evidence of the negative effects of the current human development model on the environment [e.g. climate change], make clear the decreasing capability of our planet [as environment] of sustaining human societies over time. Thus, reducing such increasing environmental unsustainability of our societies has become a priority. This requires detecting and modifying current unsustainable patterns of behavior and substituting them for others sustainable patterns. In order to undertake such transformation, we need being able to quantitatively characterize the greater or lesser environmental sustainability of different behaviors incorporated in our current ways of life, as well as those alternatives that could substitute them.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1042] viXra:1909.0016 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-02 00:41:30

Secondary Subelement (2019-9-3) Exercise Book of Future Science Institute, Guide Map of Secondary World, Semantic Logic of Parallel Universe

Authors: Cheng Tianren
Comments: 258 Pages.

This is a series of science textbook written by Professor Jeff, which focus on mathematics and physics only in this volume. a person who has professional research level or a student being educated in a graduate school can read our textbook without much difficulty. If you truly want to improve your knowledge by reading this textbook, it is better for you to study all the open problems mentioned in this textbook carefully. To write down your unique solutions and opening thought for these problems after your reading. Any good idea about the problems appeared in this series can be mailed to the author cheng.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1041] viXra:1908.0556 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-27 14:21:53

The Space of Unsolvable Tasks. Formulation of the Problem. or Anti-Tank Hyper-Hedgehogs in N-Dimensional Space.

Authors: Alexandr N. Tetearing
Comments: 33 Pages. (In Russan)

With a narrow specialization of scientists, the development of science leads to the rapid growth of the space of unsolvable tasks, that grows faster than the area of existing scientific knowledge. The practical development of the field of unsolvable tasks is possible only by the forces of universal scientists of the future, who must have a high level of scientific knowledge in several general scientific disciplines.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1040] viXra:1908.0553 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-28 03:24:40

規範倫理学における公理について

Authors: Hiroki Tahara
Comments: 23 Pages. Japanese Only, A Paper Submitted for the Competition in Social Science and Humanities of the 63rd National Arts & Science Contest of Japan

I wrote about the idea that absolute ethical laws could be found in an axiomatic way in normative ethics, and wrote a self-objection and an improvement against it. Before it, I wrote reviews about the concept of axiom and the major ideas of normative ethics.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1039] viXra:1908.0516 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-25 10:26:53

Developing an Integrative Framework of Artificial Intelligence and Blockchain for Augmenting Smart Governance

Authors: Venkatesh R, Aayush Kumar, Yadhukrishna S Pai, Projjal Gupta
Comments: 4 pages, 1 Listing, 4 Figures

Government systems are often slow, opaque and prone to corruption. The public benefits system, in general, suffers from slowness and bureaucracy. In this paper, we propose a system that utilizes blockchain and artificial intelligence techniques for governance, which enables the government to function more efficiently and with more transparency, thus increasing the level of trust the people have in their government and in democracy. Public Distributed-Ledger Ethereum (MainNet) is the back-bone of this proposed system. SHA-256 of Elliptic-Curve cryptography generates a Public-Private keypair. Each transaction is validated by P2SH and the consensus is achieved through Proof-of-Work Algorithm. A smart contract encodes the algorithm and enforces constraints on users activity. Artificial Intelligence is used to analyze the data wherever necessary and the output of the network is used as a trigger for activating the smart contract, which can be connected via IoT services and automation devices. This can be used for making government contracts more transparent. Some use cases are automatic payments based on achieved deadlines and allowing public consensus on government policies.Other applications include a better functioning public benefits system that allows the government to directly provide the public with incentives rather than relying on middlemen. Decentralization via blockchain is a complete end-to-end solution for democratizing the current systems.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1038] viXra:1908.0339 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-17 02:05:50

A Chemical Curse or Blessing? A Case of Kenya

Authors: Maingi, Joyce Wanjiru., Ngenya, Watson Atsiambo
Comments: 5 Pages.

Misuse and overuse of chemicals is one of the most complex issues facing the contemporary Kenyan society. Agrochemicals in particular pose as a great risk to the population when not used according to their ascribed directives. At times, chemicals are misused unintentionally and casually due to ignorance and this may have dire consequences on one’s health or that of the environment. While some make personal choices on how to use certain chemicals, some just happen to be victims of circumstances when other persons within our sphere of influence have made poor choices, and we all end up suffering the consequences.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1037] viXra:1908.0022 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-01 08:10:10

"The Information as Absolute" Conception Some Comments to Some Remarks

Authors: Sergey V. Shevchenko
Comments: 17 Pages.

Abstract: in these notes some answers of Sergey Shevchenko on some remarks to the Shevchenko-Tokarevsky's "The Information as Absolute" conception at a discussion in the ResearchGate net are given
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1036] viXra:1907.0586 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-29 11:15:14

Life is Awareness of Our Existence

Authors: Yahya Awad Sharif Mohammed
Comments: 1 Page. Author's Email : yahya-sharif@hotmail.com

This article aims to define life being awareness of our existence
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1035] viXra:1907.0584 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-29 11:42:40

The Universe Intelligence

Authors: Yahya Awad Sharif Mohammed
Comments: 1 Page. Author's Email : yahya-sharif@hotmail.com

This article aims to present the universe intelligence idea
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1034] viXra:1907.0447 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-23 08:51:00

Mathematical Metaphysics: Modelling Determinism and Free-Will Along the Lines of Theological Compatibilism

Authors: Joseph Ivin Thomas
Comments: 14 Pages. Published in International Journal of Philosophy

In this paper, an attempt is made to lay a systematic framework that helps answer a deeply perplexing philosophical question: “Can blind obedience to a set of immutable laws of nature pose a sufficient explanation for all phenomena in the world?” From the perspective of the human person, this question can be re-phrased as follows: “Do the events in a person’s life happen because they are pre-determined to do so, or is there some role for free-will to operate?” More succinctly stated, “Is the principle of determinism or the faculty for free-will responsible for the occurrence of an event?” An acceptable answer to these difficult questions must first require a better understanding of what precisely the terms determinism and free-will mean. In religion and mythology, the doctrine of determinism is embodied in an equivalent notion called destiny, which may be defined as a pre-ordained, inescapable, inevitable event. An accident, on the other hand, is a purely random and unpredictable event with neither intent nor design backing its occurrence. Religion holds that there are no such things as accidents and that every event is infused with divine purpose. Paradoxically, religion (Christianity, in particular) holds dear man’s capacity for free-will, which is in direct contradiction to the idea of destiny. How can free-will be truly free, if everything is already determined? Science too, is in a similar muddle on the problem of free-will, because it is still unsure whether the universe, the human mind included, runs on a deterministic or an indeterministic basis. After exploring the opinions gathered from diverse fragments of human knowledge (Philosophy, Physics, Neuroscience, Literature, Religion), two novel frameworks that are grounded in mathematical rigor are forwarded which fits both determinism and free-will into a single, indivisible philosophical paradigm.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1033] viXra:1907.0436 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-23 21:37:29

(2N=Pa+Pb)Abstract Hypothesis, Simulate Basic Logic of Synchronous Arithmetic, Judge Reasoning and Hypothesis Contradiction

Authors: 1
Comments: 6 Pages.

Absrtact: The subject judges the unknown by hypothesis. Thesis 2N-A=B (B, I don't know whether it is a prime number or a compound number). Hypothesis is the basis of judgment. If B equals a prime number, there is no need to calculate it. It is an unknown, judging whether it is a prime or a compound. Assuming a complex number, it can decompose the prime factor. The number you get must be prime. Here, we use hypothesis theory to push the unknown to infinity.6
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1032] viXra:1907.0331 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-18 03:16:38

Lin's Helicopter a New Type of Helicopter Which Can Fly Faster

Authors: Zhixian Lin
Comments: 5 Pages.

This file proposed a new type of helicopter which can fly faster than a traditional helicopter. It is a coaxial helicopter, but its rotor blades can be used as fixed wings also, and I named this rotor blades Coaxial Wing. It is very easy to switch between vertical flight mode and horizontal flight mode, and it can be switched in seconds. In the horizontal flight mode, it is equal to a fixed wing biplane. In the vertical flight mode, it is a coaxial helicopter. It has both the advantages of fixed-wing aircrafts and helicopters.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1031] viXra:1907.0314 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 16:55:02

Primeiro Registro Fóssil de Alligatoridae do Mato Grosso do Sul e O Valor Sistemático Das Rosáceas em Caimaninae

Authors: Caio Fabricio Cezar Geroto, Alessandro Marques de Oliveira, Thais Agrella Janolla
Comments: 17 Pages.

In the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Pleistocene or Holocene vertebrate fossils are dicovered mostly in limestone caves from Serra da Bodoquena. In addition, such fossils commonly belong to large mammals, such as giant sloths, armadillos, glyptodonts, proboscids and large carnivores. However, the occurrence of other vertebrate fossils is scarce. In view of the above, the goal of this work was to perform the first description of Crocodylia fossils from the Formoso River, near the mouth of the Miranda River, in the municipality of Bonito-MS. In addition, some systematic comments were performed. The fossils studied herein are two osteoderms. Although the morphological characteristics of the osteoderms do not allow the identification of their precise position (dorsal or caudal), the results of the comparative analyses by means of linear morphometry are suggestive for the identification of Melanosuchus cf. niger, as well as an indeterminate specimen of Eusuchia. A plausible hypothesis would be to consider a putative case of gigantism in Caiman latirostris Daudin, 1802, whose species is still present in the region. Therefore, the fossils records presented here help us to compose a picture about the structure of the vertebrate communities during the Late Quaternary of Mato Grosso do Sul.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1030] viXra:1907.0286 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 13:06:05

(Aap Version 1.0 4 Pages 15.07.2019) an Anti-Abortion Philosophy (Aap)

Authors: Andrei Lucian Dragoi
Comments: 4 Pages.

This paper proposes an anti-abortion philosophy (AAP) containing some definitions, two main principles and some important recommendations (all based on a set of very solid scientific and juridical arguments), which AAP should be implemented in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and all organic laws on Earth, so that humanity to make a great step towards the definition of true high-morality civilization.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1029] viXra:1907.0223 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-13 09:15:06

The Possibility of Coming to Life Again After Death: Part Two Including Part One

Authors: Yahya Awad Sharif Mohammed
Comments: 1 Page. Author's Email : yahya-sharif@hotmail.com

This article aims to to present the possibility of humans to come to life again after they die and that after spending infinite time.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1028] viXra:1907.0202 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-13 03:56:32

The Possibility of Coming to Life Again After Death

Authors: Yahya Awad Sharif Mohammed
Comments: 1 Page. Author's Email : yahya-sharif@hotmail.com

This article aims to to present the possibility of humans to come to life again after they die and that after spending infinite time.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1027] viXra:1907.0184 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 07:20:14

Religion is a Type of Illness

Authors: Yahya Awad Sharif Mohammed
Comments: 1 Page. Author's Email : yahya-sharif@hotmail.com

This article aims to define religion being a type of mental illness and make comparison between psychosis and religion .
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1026] viXra:1907.0062 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-04 01:17:32

A Question About the Consistency of Bell's Correlation Formula

Authors: Han Geurdes; Koji Nagata
Comments: 3 Pages.

In the paper it is demonstrated that two equally consistent but conflicting uses of sign functions in the context of a simple probability density shows that Bell's formula is based on only one consistent principle. The two conflicting principles give different result. However, according to use of powers, i.e. $3\times (1/2)= (1/2)\times 3$, one must have the same result in both cases.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1025] viXra:1906.0540 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-29 00:27:22

Organic Agriculture in Australia: Attaining the Global Majority (51%)

Authors: John Paull
Comments: 5 Pages.

The latest statistics reveal that Australia now has more certified organic agriculture hectares than the rest of the world put together. Organics is a major success story for Australia and the achievement of global majority (51%) is an important organics milestone. Organic agriculture is reported from 181 countries. Australia reported 35,645,038 certified organic hectares and the world total is 69,845,243 hectares. Australia has been the world leader in organics, based on certified organic hectares, since global statistics of organics were first collated and published in 2000. In the two decades since then, global organics has grown at 12% per annum (pa), year on year, while Australian organics has grown at 16% pa. This growth in Australia has ramped up to 22% for the past five years. In Australia this has been achieved without government support and without institutional support. Australia is at no risk of being ‘knocked off the perch’ anytime soon. In second position is Argentina with 3,385,827 hectares, less than 10% of Australia’s tally. Third is China with 3,023,000 hectares, then comes Spain with 2,082,173 ha, then USA with 2,031,318 ha. Of eight states and territories in Australia, all report some organics. The states in the lead are South Australia and Queensland. Of the country’s agricultural land, 8.8% is certified organic, so there is still plenty of room for improvement. Organic agriculture produces premium products that attract a price premium in the market, whether at home or abroad. At the present rate of growth Australia can be expected to shortly join the ‘10% Club’, along with the leaders Liechtenstein (37.9%), Samoa (37.6%), Austria (24.0%), Estonia (20.5%), and ten others. The market for Australian organic produce is mostly driven by the world’s appetite for clean and nutritious food, ultimately that means by discerning consumers with the wherewithal to pay the organic premium. Meanwhile, the world’s consumers are becoming more informed, more discerning, more health conscious, and more wealthy. No one would eat glyphosated food if they had a choice, which is to say, an informed choice. The prospects for global and Australian organics are good.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1024] viXra:1906.0530 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-27 20:41:27

Auxiliary Brake System

Authors: Morio Kikuchi
Comments: 21 Pages.

To brake system, we add an auxiliary brake system in which paddle at the front of steering wheel is an input device.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1023] viXra:1906.0455 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-23 10:07:42

The Human Genetic Code and the I Ching's 64 Hexagrams

Authors: Deyi Wang
Comments: 27 Pages. translated from Chinese

Base Sequencing and Dui Gua Form By: Deyi Wang Summary: The alternation of bases composes the DNA chain. When this chain is deconstructed into units at the triplet level, we can see that this chain is actually connected in the form of dui gua, or “opposing hexagrams,” as dui means “opposing” and gua means “hexagram.” Since the 1980s’ discovery that the 64 hexagrams and the 64 codons correspond perfectly, the dui gua form of sequencing in DNA chains once again proves the intimate relationship between DNA and the 64 hexagrams, thereby setting the stage for further analysis of the sequencing of the four bases.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1022] viXra:1906.0446 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-23 13:10:30

Fractal Organization of Nature: Metaphysical Realm; Intuitive Section

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 13 Pages.

For an organism that is divided into two sexes, nothing could be more natural than the concept of duality in Nature. We see many other natural forms of duality: the cycles of day and night, summer and winter, birth and death. The daily, seasonal, and lunar cycles have all been widely interpreted as analogs of the human cycle of life and death. For the intuitive, abstracting mind, it is but a small leap of faith to evolve in addition the duality of body-spirit, and all hominids we would care to classify as truly human have done so.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1021] viXra:1906.0445 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-23 13:22:11

General Systems, Complex Systems

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 16 Pages.

General Systems, as I use the term, denotes a repeating pattern of natural organization - a fractal algorithm or ordering principle in the Cosmos. While not enforced with the same stringency as a natural law (such as energy conservation), the pattern-forming impulse is nevertheless all-pervasive in nature and seems to proceed from such fundamental principles as resonance and the pathway of least energy or least resistance. It is just simpler, more efficient, and takes less energy to create a universe using self-similar repeating patterns than following any other plan. The "Tetrahedron Model" of cosmic order presents a General System based on a 4x3 universal fractal algorithm.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1020] viXra:1906.0436 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-24 03:42:06

Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) as Invasive Species

Authors: John Paull
Comments: 7 Pages. CC-BY-4

This paper frames genetically modified organisms (GMOs) as invasive species. This offers a way of considering the reception, diffusion and management of GMOs in the foodscape. “An invasive non-native species is any non-native animal or plant that has the ability to spread causing damage to the environment, the economy, our health and the way we live” (NNSS, 2017). Without any social licence, pesticide companies have thrust GMOs into the foodscape. The release of GMOs has generally been unwelcome, there has been no ‘pull’ factor from consumers and there has been vocal resistance from many. The apologists for GMOs have argued the self-contradictory conceit that GMOs are ‘same but different’. Under this logically untenable stance, GMOs are to be excluded from specific regulation because they are the ‘same’ as existing organisms, while simultaneously they are ‘different’ and so open to patenting. GMOs are patented and this demonstrates that, prima facie, these are novel organisms which are non-native to the foodscape. GMO apologists have campaigned intensively, and successfully in USA, to ensure that consumers are kept in the dark and that GMOs remain unlabelled - as a consequence GMOs are ubiquitous in US consumer foods. In contrast, in Australia GMOs are required to be labelled if present in consumer products and, in consequence, Australian food manufacturers do not use them. The release of a GMO calls for biosecurity measures. After trial plots of Monsanto GM canola in Tasmania in the 1990s, the sites continue to be biosecurity monitored for GMO escape, and volunteer canola plants continue to appear two decades later. In Western Australia the escape of GMO canola into a neighbouring organic farm resulted in the loss of organic certification and the monetary loss of the organic premium for produce. GMO produce sells for a 10% discount because of market forces and the consumer aversion to GMOs. Where non- GM product is accidentally contaminated with some GM grain, the whole batch is discounted and is sold as GMO. There is a lack of evidence that GMOs can be contained and many jurisdictions have banned the introduction of GMOs. GMOs have the potential and the propensity to contaminate non-GMO crops and thereby devalue them. The evidence is that GMOs are invasive species, they are unwelcome by consumers, peaceful coexistence with non-GM varieties is a fiction, and GMOs are appropriately managed as a biosecurity issue.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1019] viXra:1906.0403 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-20 20:54:02

Какой быть математике?

Authors: Анатолий Вайчунас
Comments: 2 Pages. in Russian

С некоторых пор математика обросла вызывающим разочарование, а ведь посылом было придание ей улучшающего её во всём, а ведь побуждением было некое современное просветление математического ума. Это и есть продолжение той математики, которая нас по-прежнему восхищает? Реплика.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1018] viXra:1906.0300 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-16 23:32:35

Физика, которая не стала реалистичной наукой

Authors: George Kirakosyan
Comments: 4 pages, article with illustration (Russ)

Естествознание вырождается в политизированно-конфессиональную доктрину
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1017] viXra:1906.0154 [pdf] submitted on 2019-06-09 12:11:02

Stellar Metamorphosis: True Lies, Learning to See How Pervasive Deception can Be in Astronomy

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 3 Pages.

In terms of deception and/or misperception in astronomy, geology and astrophysics, it is clear that uneducated, unsophisticated, unskilled and unequipped people can be immune. Not only can they be immune, but they can outclass the people who claim to be sophisticated, educated and equipped in terms of scientific ability. This immunity and superiority is explained with an example from WW2 with the English deception planners juxtaposed to the Japanese Intelligence community.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

Replacements of recent Submissions

[270] viXra:1911.0132 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-11 08:03:34

Dutch Governor Van Heemstra of Suriname: Humanitarian or Imperialist?

Authors: Dutch Governor van Heemstra of Suriname: humanitarian or imperialist?
Comments: 6 pages, in English

The grave impact hundreds of years Dutch colonialism and slavery had on the socioeconomic situation and health of the Surinamese is not reflected in Steensma and colleagu's Stamp vignette on medical science; Mayo Clin Proc. 2019;94:e111-e112., about the Dutch colonial governor of Suriname, A. van Heemstra.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[269] viXra:1910.0412 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-25 05:35:16

Rembrandt's "Night Watch" - Analysis

Authors: A. V. Grigorov
Comments: 1 Page.

Rembrandt's painting "The Night Watch" spells out the names of the two front figures.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[268] viXra:1909.0319 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-15 18:54:14

How (Not) to Lead Academia

Authors: Miguel Abambres
Comments: 12 Pages.

This work reports several issues found by the author throughout his professional career, concerning academic leadership. Topics like (i) out-of-field teaching/researching, and (ii) time management in faculty hiring or new role assignment, are addressed. Besides, the author describes which fundamental decisions he´d take if he could manage a higher education institution or academic department. The topics covered are crucial for the success of any higher education institution, such as (a) hiring, (b) social engagement, (c) student assessment, (d) open mindedness, (e) prompt communication, (f) passion in work, and (g) freedom / trust.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[267] viXra:1907.0313 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-18 20:20:50

Cellular Automaton Graphics(8)

Authors: Morio Kikuchi
Comments: 245 Pages.

Developping a regular polyhedron on a plane, setting discrete coordinates on the development and applying a boundary condition of regular polyhedron to it, we realize a symmetrical graphics.
Category: General Science and Philosophy