General Science and Philosophy

1501 Submissions

[8] viXra:1501.0250 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-30 01:30:44

Parts of the Bhagavad Gita Compressed Into a Few Thousand Words Familiar to 21ST Century Scientists

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 11 Pages.

This is an essay I entered in a competition about the Bhagavad Gita. Probably written about 2,000 years ago; this writing is perhaps the greatest philosophical expression of Hinduism. I was attracted to the contest because the website included a very favourable comment about the Bhagavad Gita by Albert Einstein (see below). For a while, I actually considered it possible that I’d win the contest. But that time has passed. The winner has been announced and I can now see my entry for what it is – a naïve attempt to preach science to the religionists, as well as a naïve attempt to preach religion to the scientists. There’s a statement in the essay which I’m wondering about. I said, “However, the concept of possessing a soul is not automatically supported. The idea of having a reincarnating soul would be an easy way of explaining immortality thousands of years ago when people were completely unfamiliar with the scientific facts of an eternal universe, Einstein’s Unified Field, and fractal geometry.” I still think this might be correct. But “might” is the word. I’m wondering about something I later wrote – could the ghostly immaterial body described below be what we call the soul? If such a body is developed in the future to overcome present limitations, could it be referred to as a soul if it travels into the past and is absorbed into a physical body? (It might be what the Bhagavad Gita refers to as the Supersoul, and might be quantum entangled with all space and all time. And if the physical brain is receptive to this so-called entangled soul’s knowledge of everything in space and time, the presently accepted limits to acquiring knowledge would, to use the below quote of Einstein’s, be “superfluous”). From “Physics and Philosophy Beyond the Standard Model” ( – “In 1925, the Austrian physicist Wolfgang Pauli discovered the exclusion principle. This says two similar particles cannot have both the same position and velocity. If two electrons could have identical positions and velocities, they could all collapse into a roughly uniform, dense “soup”. Protons and neutrons would do the same, and there would be no well-defined atoms. So we need the exclusion principle. Force-carrying particles like photons and gravitons do not obey the exclusion principle so we might assume the immaterial body wouldn’t be well-defined and would collapse into a ghostly soup. But perhaps a well-defined structure can be built if the photons are first stopped. The potential for photons to possess mass by having their digital sequence altered and being converted to other particles – or the potential for programming the photons - may make this definition possible. A chrononaut whose body is defined by mass would still have a gravitational effect, and be dark matter. But if she or he would rather not be a lump of dark matter, her or his body might be defined by programming photons and gravitons; creating a body of “light matter”. The beginnings of this technology may be in [43] which speaks of one photon being “stuck” to another.”
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[7] viXra:1501.0209 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-22 23:18:34

Cititorind. Hic et Nunc α-Lecturi Instante

Authors: editor Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 79 Pages.

Acesta este un jurnal de lecturi încropit de matematicianul şi scriitorul Florentin Smarandache. Mai precis, un jurnal de α-lecturi, cum ni se precizează în subtitlu, cu adăugirea: instante. Această instaneitate a devenit deja un stil al autorului, de sesizat mai ales în fotojurnalele instantanee ( Nişte lecturi dorit expeditive, diagonalizând textul în căutarea esenţialului, spărgând carcasa pentru a extrage miezul. Editorul vine, deci, cu o nouă propunere: reducerea lecturii la o stare de cvasi-absenţă a eului, o stare alfa. [Octavian Blaga]
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[6] viXra:1501.0126 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-12 23:08:30

PARTICIPAÇÃO, INFORMAÇÃO e COMUNICAÇÃO: Lições do Planejamento Comunicativo a Partir da Experiência de Florianópolis/SC

Authors: Ms.Tibelle Cristina e Renato Saboya
Comments: 23 Pages.

The enactment of the Statute of the City changed the way municipal master plans are developed, with the inclusion of the population in all its stages and rendering these processes much more complex. This research analyzes the process of participatory planning in Florianópolis, based on the theoretical framework of the communicative planning. The analysis encompasses the period from August 2006, its official starting point, until March 2010, when the population prevented the executive branch to present its proposal in a public hearing. In order to understand the process and the problems that led to this partial outcome, we collected the views of members of the Municipal Advisory Committee and the assigned planners through semi-structured interviews. The content analysis adopted a categorization based on eight conditions for communicative rationality as put forth by the literature and indicated that the aspects that most strongly influenced the results were the barriers to full participation at the stages of technical analysis and in the drafting of the proposal; lack of transparency, comprehensiveness and discussion on relevant information; and the dissolution of trust between actors.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[5] viXra:1501.0118 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-11 06:25:48

Philosophical Foundations of Mathematical Universe Hypothesis Using Immanuel Kant

Authors: Darius Malys
Comments: 9 Pages.

Kant's transcendental philosophy is used to answer the questions about the nature of mathematics, how mathematics relates to the physical world, why we are self-aware and perceive ourselves in the world described by mathematics. Kant's architectonic system of reason is used to derive the invariant framework of the mind within which our thoughts originate - the original synthetic unity of apperception. It is the logical framework underlying all our possible knowledge - the framework of the cognitive faculty of understanding. This framework lies at the foundation of our thinking, logic, mathematics, natural language and organization of sense-data (experience). Phenomenal world in space and time is an output of this framework after the synthesis of the productive imagination. The nature of mathematics is discussed as based on this framework from intuitionist and logicist perspectives. Logic defines the structure of space and time.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[4] viXra:1501.0116 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-11 06:21:47

Phenomenal World as an Output of Cognitive Quantum Grid: Theory of Everything using Leibniz, Kant and German Idealism

Authors: Darius Malys
Comments: 73 Pages.

In order to understand the Universe completely and achieve Theory of Everything we must understand how our consciousness experiences and understands all objects in the Universe in general. The aim of the project is to synthesize philosophy, mathematics, physics, information theory, language and cognitive science into a single architectonic framework or system of our reason itself and to model the original synthetic unity of apperception – the framework within which all our thoughts, knowledge and experience is produced.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[3] viXra:1501.0075 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-05 18:38:20

Review of Concise Encyclopedia of Pragmatics 2nd ed (2009)

Authors: Michael Starks
Comments: 17 Pages.

Clearly neither I nor anyone will ever read any substantial part of this massive tome so I will discuss the one article that interests me most and which I think provides the framework necessary for the understanding of all the rest. I refer to the one on Ludwig Wittgenstein (W). Even were I to try to discuss others, we would not get past the first page as all the issues here arise immediately in any discussion of behavior. The differentiation of pragmatics and semantics is largely meaningless. It is defensible that one might subtitle this work ‘Developments of Wittgenstein’s Contextualism’, but of course this term has inevitably been corrupted by philosophers. One might then say that pragmatics and semantics are parts of or coextensive with epistemology and ontology and the descriptive psychology of higher order thought (Searle’s Logical Structure of Rationality) or that they describe how we use noises in specific contexts to give them meaning --i.e., a true or false (propositional) use which Searle calls their Conditions of Satisfaction. Adding the Wittgenstein/Searle work to modern research on thinking provides a framework for pragmatics, semantics and all other human behavior.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[2] viXra:1501.0063 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-04 23:49:08

Neutrosophy, Paradoxism and Communication

Authors: Stefan Vladutescu, Dan Valeriu Voinea, Elena Rodica Opran
Comments: 200 Pages.

This book is homage to Professor Florentin Smarandache, at the 60 years of age.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1] viXra:1501.0020 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-01 18:49:14

Review of 'On Certainty' by Ludwig Wittgenstein

Authors: Michael Starks
Comments: 17 Pages.

A review of Wittgenstein's 'On Certainty' which he wrote in 1950-51 and was first published in 1969. Most of the review is spent presenting a modern framework for philosophy (the descriptive psychology of higher order thought) and positioning the work of Wittgenstein and John Searle in this framework and relative to the work of others. It is suggested that this book can be regarded as the foundation stone of psychology and philosophy as it was the first to describe the two systems of thought and shows how our unshakable grasp of the world derives from our innate axiomatic System 1 and how this interacts with System 2.
Category: General Science and Philosophy