General Science and Philosophy

1503 Submissions

[9] viXra:1503.0250 [pdf] submitted on 2015-03-29 16:41:29

The Importance of Plyometric Trainings in Development Of Jumping Performances in Sportıve Games

Authors: Oguz Gurkan
Comments: 7 Pages.

There are various factors affecting training and competition performances of athletes. Motoric characteristics the athletes have play an important role among these factors. Especially the motoric characteristics the athletes have peculiar to a branch of sports affect the results of a competition directly. Among these motoric characteristics, jumping force has a distinct role, as it is an important factor in winning a game both in team sports and individual sports. From this aspect, especially in sport branches that depend mainly on jumping performance, the development of jumping skills of athletes becomes crucial. Although there are various methods to develop jumping performances, especially the plyometric trainings are thought to have important positive effects. Results of various studies in literature support this idea. This study focused on jumping performance in sports and the importance of plyometric trainings in developing jumping performance. Key Words: Jumping, jumping force, plyometric training.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[8] viXra:1503.0180 [pdf] submitted on 2015-03-25 09:44:29

Artificial Intelligence from First Principles

Authors: Michail Zak
Comments: 21 Pages.

The objective of this paper is to relate the concept of intelligence to the first principles of physics, and, in particular, to answer the following question: can AI system composed only of physical components compete with a human? The answer is proven to be negative if the AI system is based only on simulations, and positive if digital devices are included. It has been demonstrated that in mathematical world, the bridge from matter to intelligence requires extension and modification of quantum physics. Such an extension is implemented by quantum neural nets that perform simulations combined with digital punctuations. The universality of this quantum-classical hybrid is in capability to violate the second law of thermodynamics by moving from disorder to order without external resources. This advanced capability that could be accepted as a definition of human-like intelligence is illustrated by examples.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[7] viXra:1503.0147 [pdf] submitted on 2015-03-18 11:30:02

Cititorind. Nousectomy, α-Lecturi Instante

Authors: Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 64 Pages.

Acest jurnal de lecturi cuprinde notițe mai vechi și mai noi, în română și în engleză. Prima parte ant ologhează idei din patru autori, ordonați cronologic (Vladimir Nabokov, Petre Țuțea, Amiri Baraka, Eugen Evu). Sunt gândurile directe ale acestora, transcrise instant, fără adaosuri subiective. Partea a doua conține notații indirecte pe marginea unor texte publicistice (un ele din anii 80 ai secolului trecut, altele transgresând timpurile în căutarea de paradoxuri), sau mărunte comentarii despre câțiva autori (Marin Sorescu, Florin Vasiliu, Petru Cârdu, Adolf Shvedchikov, Venkateswara Rao ș.a.). Partea a treia sunt re-citiri din scrieri proprii, auto-note. NOUSECTOMIE (”excizia unui gând”) este un cuvânt compus din Gr. Νους, "înţelegere", "minte", "gând", "raţiune" şi Gr. .εκτομια, "excizie”, “tăiere”. ****************************************************************************** This reading diary includes old and new notes, in Romanian and English. The first part anthologizes ideas of four authors, chronological y ordered (Vladimir Nabokov, Petre Ţuţea, Amiri Baraka, Eugen Evu). There are their direct thoughts, instantly reprinted, without subjective additions. The second part contains indirect notations on some journalistic texts, or minor comments about several authors (Marin Sorescu, Florin Vasiliu, Peter Cârdu, Adolf Shvedchikov, Venkateswara Rao etc.). The third part displays re-readings from few of my own writings (Self-Notes). NOUSECTOMY (”thought excision”) comes from Gr. Νους, understanding", "mind", "thought", "reason" and Gr. .εκτομια, "excision”, “a cutting out of”.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[6] viXra:1503.0118 [pdf] submitted on 2015-03-14 23:04:39

What do Paraconsistent, Undecidable, Random, Computable and Incomplete Mean? a Review of Godel's Way: Exploits Into an Undecidable World by Gregory Chaitin, Francisco a Doria , Newton C.a. da Costa 160p (2012)

Authors: Michael Starks
Comments: 12 Pages.

In ‘Godel’s Way’ three eminent scientists discuss issues such as undecidability, incompleteness, randomness, computability and paraconsistency. I approach these issues from the Wittgensteinian viewpoint that there are two basic issues which have completely different solutions. There are the scientific or empirical issues, which are facts about the world that need to be investigated observationally and philosophical issues as to how language can be used intelligibly (which include certain questions in mathematics and logic), which need to be decided by looking at how we actually use words in particular contexts. When we get clear about which language game we are playing, these topics are seen to be ordinary scientific and mathematical questions like any others. Wittgenstein’s insights have seldom been equaled and never surpassed and are as pertinent today as they were 80 years ago when he dictated the Blue and Brown Books.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[5] viXra:1503.0116 [pdf] replaced on 2015-05-23 11:25:10

[4] viXra:1503.0090 [pdf] submitted on 2015-03-12 12:28:42

The Molding of Mankind - Planet Earth in a Thermal Vise

Authors: Joel M WIlliams
Comments: 5 Pages.

This 5-page paper relates the Antarctic Vostok Ice Core data to a "free-range" roaming model for mankind. Short videos have been prepared to show the interaction of the two in 4228 frames representing 100-yr averages. The maximum thermal clamp of the globe at the equator is NOT necessarily where mankind "originated", only where the massive breeding lair resides during thermal perigees! There have been many 100-year-long, global, warm-temperature opportunities in just the past 422,800 years for mankind to spread throughout the globe. Based on the data, however, current mankind is in for a VERY LONG and RAW chilling! What technology will mankind be able to maintain for the next global warming, when squeezed to the equatorial zone? Where else can mankind go?
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[3] viXra:1503.0037 [pdf] submitted on 2015-03-05 10:52:00

Where the Beginning of the End?... from the Philosophy of Science Before the Foundation of Physics.

Authors: Cherepanov Oleg
Comments: 280 Pages.

In the monograph subjected to critical analysis of semantic assertions mechanical theories of Newton, Hertz and Einstein. Shows, none of them has a compelling ontological basis. These theories are interpretations of mathematics. The examples show that the first task of physics to adequately solves math without the continuum hypothesis, and the well-known effects of gravity and light propagation successfully simulates another theory.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[2] viXra:1503.0017 [pdf] submitted on 2015-03-02 09:35:03

The Quantum Cosmology Inverse Theory

Authors: Juan Sadie
Comments: 8 Pages.

This theory postulates an inverse way to look at what is large and what is small. When we talk about quantum mechanics we automatically presume that things are smaller at this level. What this theory proposes is that as we drill down into the quantum level we are actually moving towards the infinitely large. As we get down to the atomic and sub-atomic levels things begin to get very strange. Particles pop in and out of existence. They seem to be in more than one place at the same time. They seem to interact by means of entanglement, more famously known as “spooky interaction at a distance”, so named by Albert Einstein. My theory explains why things are so strange “down there”. As we zoom into the sub-atomic levels and beyond we begin to approach the Inverse, a realm where space and time does not exist, and more importantly where the laws of nature or physics do not apply. This Inverse connects everything as we know it; atoms, molecules, matter, stars, galaxies, etc. The Inverse has no physical properties, no energy, nothing we can measure. It is however the originating point of all Universes. It has no beginning or end. It has always been and always will be. Time is of no consequence.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[1] viXra:1503.0011 [pdf] submitted on 2015-03-01 20:16:22

David Wolpert on Impossibility, Incompleteness, the Liar Paradox, the Limits of Computation, a Non-Quantum Mechanical Uncertainty Principle and the Universe as Computer—the Ultimate Theorem in Turing Machine Theory

Authors: Michael Starks
Comments: 4 Pages.

I have read many recent discussions of the limits of computation and the universe as computer, hoping to find some comments on the amazing work of polymath physicist and decision theorist David Wolpert but have not found a single citation and so I present this very brief summary. Wolpert proved some stunning impossibility or incompleteness theorems (1992 to 2008-see arxiv.org) on the limits to inference (computation) that are so general they are independent of the device doing the computation, and even independent of the laws of physics, so they apply across computers, physics, and human behavior. They make use of Cantor's diagonalization, the liar paradox and worldlines to provide what may be the ultimate theorem in Turing Machine Theory, and seemingly provide insights into impossibility,incompleteness, the limits of computation,and the universe as computer, in all possible universes and all beings or mechanisms, generating, among other things,a non-quantum mechanical uncertainty principle and a proof of monotheism.
Category: General Science and Philosophy