Linguistics

Previous months:
2010 - 1003(3) - 1007(1) - 1008(1)
2012 - 1210(5) - 1211(2) - 1212(1)
2013 - 1301(1) - 1302(3) - 1303(3) - 1304(1) - 1307(2) - 1308(3) - 1309(2) - 1310(2) - 1311(2)
2014 - 1401(1) - 1402(1) - 1406(2) - 1407(5) - 1409(3) - 1410(4) - 1411(1) - 1412(1)
2015 - 1502(1) - 1504(2) - 1506(2) - 1507(2) - 1510(2)
2016 - 1611(1)
2017 - 1706(1) - 1712(3)
2018 - 1803(1) - 1804(2) - 1805(1) - 1808(2) - 1809(46) - 1810(3)

Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed farther down

[119] viXra:1810.0305 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-20 01:01:18

Самое сТАРое слово русского языка.

Authors: Alexander I.Dubinyansky, Ulija A. Krupenina
Comments: 12 Pages. dubinyansky@mail.ru

Исследованы слова русского языка с корнем Т*Р=ТАР, ТОР, ТУР, ТЮР, ТЫР. Сформулированы законы древнего словообразования.
Category: Linguistics

[118] viXra:1810.0273 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-17 14:22:40

A Brief Study on Applying the Situational Teaching Approach into English Classes for Rural Primary Students. Author M. Simiyu

Authors: Simiyu M.
Comments: 62 Pages.

ABSTRACT Students in rural primary schools have had the privilege of learning English in the recent years. However, the credibility and efficiency of instructors who teach the subject has been questioned since the teaching employs the “grant and accept” mode. This method of teaching limits the capacity of students to actively interact amongst themselves and with the teacher hence inefficiency. This paper exploits this loop and categorically analyses the situational teaching practice, which is a more efficient method of teaching that has been approved by the new curriculum, as a potential seal. This paper therefore focuses on pedagogy in English teaching with a special focus on primary students in rural areas. The aim of the study is to analyze how situational teaching can impact on student on student learning with the intent of recommending it as a better approach. The article provides conceptual and theoretical frameworks as a background to depict the problem in rural schools and to analyze the research variables. The researcher uses situated cognition and learning theory, constructivism teaching theory, multiple intelligence theory. This ensures research reliability while validity is ensured through the researcher’s use of questionnaire, tests and interview as research tools. Students and teachers in both schools that use situational teaching approach were used as the research sample in representation of rural schools which is the research population. Information obtained from the tools is used to describe the current situation of learning English in rural schools. Research findings include both the pros and cons of situational teaching and this paper analyzes and summarizes the problems that face the application of situational teaching method in rural primary school English teaching, and analyzes the reasons for the existence of the problem. The paper provides recommendations to alleviate existing problems by providing corresponding improvement measures that will make situational teaching more applicable, reliable and efficient as a method of teaching English in rural primary schools. The researcher projects that with application of the recommendations there will be better quality of rural primary school English teaching which will prop up the professional development of primary school English teachers in rural areas. Keywords: situational teaching; situated cognition theory; rural primary schools;
Category: Linguistics

[117] viXra:1810.0086 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-07 01:24:22

Probable Etymology of the Russian Word "DOG"

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 5 Pages. -

This word has no the established etymology. There is an assumption that it is borrowed from the Iranian languages. So, we find "spaka" in midiysky.
Category: Linguistics

[116] viXra:1809.0334 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-17 01:43:50

Word Hearth Etymology

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 4 Pages. -

Probable origin of this Russian word
Category: Linguistics

[115] viXra:1809.0333 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-17 01:48:19

Etymology of Pronouns

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 15 Pages. -

Pronouns appear at an early stage of creation of language when still there are no names of the objects interesting us
Category: Linguistics

[114] viXra:1809.0332 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-17 01:54:11

Probable Etymology of the Word Oud

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 7 Pages. -

The Russian word OUD designates the certain butter possessing a special smell or aroma.
Category: Linguistics

[113] viXra:1809.0331 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-17 02:06:17

Probable Etymology of the Word Brain

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 9 Pages. -

Comparison of the Russian words BRAIN and MOSCOW is executed.
Category: Linguistics

[112] viXra:1809.0314 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-16 01:59:16

Word Spider Origin

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 4 Pages. -

Russian etymology of the word SPIDER
Category: Linguistics

[111] viXra:1809.0313 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-16 02:11:38

Russian Etymology of the Word Kike

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 8 Pages. -

Communication with the word WAIT is considered
Category: Linguistics

[110] viXra:1809.0312 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-16 02:15:20

Controversial Assumption

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 2 Pages. -

Distinctions of perception of the same information
Category: Linguistics

[109] viXra:1809.0311 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-16 02:31:13

The Origin of the Word Hall

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 2 Pages. -

To find the relation between Russian words Hall and Lard
Category: Linguistics

[108] viXra:1809.0310 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-16 02:52:14

Etymology of the Russian Words Dance, Station, Salon, Saloon

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 3 Pages. -

Communication of these words with the Russian word HALL
Category: Linguistics

[107] viXra:1809.0293 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-15 01:40:18

Life and Death in Verbal Designation

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 4 Pages. -

The words LIFE and DEATH doesn't need adoption from somewhere as are result of directly direct experience.
Category: Linguistics

[106] viXra:1809.0274 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-14 02:04:17

Etymology of Several Russian Words

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 12 Pages. -

The origin and meaning of these words is considered
Category: Linguistics

[105] viXra:1809.0265 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-12 06:07:19

Etymology of the Words Barbarian and Varangian

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 5 Pages. -

The origin of the words specified in heading is considered
Category: Linguistics

[104] viXra:1809.0255 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-13 02:10:07

Etymology of Words Crawl Stroke, Breast Stroke, Butterfly Stroke

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 3 Pages. -

These names of three styles of swimming need of etymology. The correct etymology has to satisfy name, but not to casual similarity of sound.
Category: Linguistics

[103] viXra:1809.0254 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-13 02:21:30

Origin of Words Ukraine and Zero

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 7 Pages. -

Present historical circumstances already balanced words UKRAINE and ZERO. Therefore the origin of these words can be considered not separately, and in common.
Category: Linguistics

[102] viXra:1809.0198 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-11 00:34:30

It is a Little Etymology. Ouk-Aylend and Labyrinth

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 3 Pages. -

Meaning of two names – English and Greek.
Category: Linguistics

[101] viXra:1809.0196 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-11 00:39:46

Etymology of Numbers

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 17 Pages. -

Probable origin and meaning of initial names of numbers
Category: Linguistics

[100] viXra:1809.0195 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-11 00:52:24

Word Crowd Etymology

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 11 Pages. -

Origin and word meaning CROWD
Category: Linguistics

[99] viXra:1809.0193 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-11 01:11:28

Word Tartariya Origin

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 8 Pages. -

Probable origin and meaning of the word TARTARIYa
Category: Linguistics

[98] viXra:1809.0179 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-10 00:23:54

The Comment to o. e. Akimov's Article "General Information About Linguistics"

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 2 Pages. -

Definition of language – an initial problem of linguistics
Category: Linguistics

[97] viXra:1809.0178 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-10 00:30:39

Word Etymology Moscow

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 7 Pages. -

If Donbass is HEART of Russia, Moscow – her BRAIN
Category: Linguistics

[96] viXra:1809.0177 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-10 00:34:25

Az, Beeches, Ouk. Their Probable Etymology

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 18 Pages. -

The probable etymology of names AZ, BEECHES, OUK of letters of the Russian alphabet is considered.
Category: Linguistics

[95] viXra:1809.0176 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-10 00:44:09

God and Devil. Probable Etymology

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 13 Pages. -

The probable origin and meaning of words GODS and DEVIL is considered
Category: Linguistics

[94] viXra:1809.0175 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-10 00:47:54

Invention of Words

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 19 Pages. -

Origin of the initial and derivative words forming bushes of words.
Category: Linguistics

[93] viXra:1809.0169 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-08 23:44:56

Probable Etymology of the Word ya

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 11 Pages. -

He opened a mouth and told: – I! It was asked: Who – I? He answered: I am Vladimir Mayakovsky. And Vladimir Mayakovsky – who? – I!
Category: Linguistics

[92] viXra:1809.0167 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-08 23:58:57

Mysterious god Perun

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 20 Pages. -

Presumable meaning of "god Perun" is considered
Category: Linguistics

[91] viXra:1809.0166 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-09 00:17:04

Question to N. N. Vashkevich

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 6 Pages. -

Fasmer outputs words of Russian in the adoption any language, if only not from the Russian. Vashkevich considers any "unmotivated" words too borrowed from the outside, but only from one language – Arab.
Category: Linguistics

[90] viXra:1809.0145 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-08 03:13:28

Etymology Fogs

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 10 Pages. -

Etymology of words of Russian
Category: Linguistics

[89] viXra:1809.0141 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-08 03:46:56

The Etymology of the Word Kagan Khan

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 7 Pages. -

Origin and Meaning of Russian medieval words.
Category: Linguistics

[88] viXra:1809.0140 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-08 03:53:42

Coins, Penny, Ruble

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 9 Pages. -

Russian monetary terminology
Category: Linguistics

[87] viXra:1809.0124 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-07 01:24:28

Etymology of the Word "Pug"

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 3 Pages. -

He origin of the Russian word is considered
Category: Linguistics

[86] viXra:1809.0122 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-07 01:51:52

Morfologo-Semantichesky Comparison

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 15 Pages. -

The etymology of the Russian words is considered
Category: Linguistics

[85] viXra:1809.0121 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-07 02:02:16

What Can Mean "Initial" Names of the Volga River?

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 4 Pages. -

The river in perception of the national fairy tale.
Category: Linguistics

[84] viXra:1809.0120 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-07 02:10:15

And for the Teachers a Toast to Your Success

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 5 Pages. -

Russian etymology in the opinion of non-russian teachers
Category: Linguistics

[83] viXra:1809.0108 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-06 01:41:21

Volga and Ganges. Etymology Problems

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 8 Pages. -

The presumable origin and meaning of names of two main rivers of Russia and India is considered.
Category: Linguistics

[82] viXra:1809.0107 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-06 01:44:47

Definition of Language

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 3 Pages. -

Definition of language as the first science which is the cornerstone of all other sciences
Category: Linguistics

[81] viXra:1809.0080 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-05 02:41:51

Etymology of the Word "Ofonaret"

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 3 Pages. -

The origin of the word "ofonaret" and the related expressions – "to go nuts", "to a bulb", "to a lamp".
Category: Linguistics

[80] viXra:1809.0079 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-05 02:47:09

Etymology of the Word "Smerd"

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 2 Pages. -

The origin and word meaning "смерд" is considered.
Category: Linguistics

[79] viXra:1809.0077 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-05 02:55:55

In Attack! Hurrah!

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 2 Pages. -

The probable etymology of the expressions used in heading is considered
Category: Linguistics

[78] viXra:1809.0041 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-03 00:05:41

Geographical Designations by Parts of Day

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 12 Pages. -

Medieval geographical designations are considered by parts of day. The name and coordinates of shumer is explained.
Category: Linguistics

[77] viXra:1809.0040 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-03 00:12:34

Some Historical Names

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 10 Pages. -

The assumption of a possible origin of some names is made.
Category: Linguistics

[76] viXra:1809.0022 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-02 02:21:39

Riddle of a Verbal Contradiction World-Rome

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 4 Pages. -

The assumption of a possible origin of a contradiction the World Rome is made
Category: Linguistics

[75] viXra:1809.0021 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-02 02:26:50

Origin of the Roman Empire

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 1 Page. -

The assumption of a possible origin of the virtual Roman Empire is made
Category: Linguistics

[74] viXra:1809.0020 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-02 02:37:21

Baba Yaga as Calendar Metaphor

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 5 Pages. -

The calendar explanation of a subject of the national fairy tale as fragment of the antropomofny description of an annual cycle is offered.
Category: Linguistics

[73] viXra:1809.0019 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-02 02:47:56

Historical Roots of the Magic Fairy Tale. Baba-Yaga as Reflection of the Global Flood

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 14 Pages. -

Logical communication of the specified attributes of the Baba-yaga with the hypothesis of global flood offered
Category: Linguistics

[72] viXra:1809.0003 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-01 04:50:52

Novelty in Science

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 5 Pages. -

It is a little about psychology of scientific perception
Category: Linguistics

[71] viXra:1809.0002 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-01 04:54:27

What Can Mean the Word "Europe"? What Its Possible Origin?

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 13 Pages. -

The assumption of a possible origin of the word "Europe" is made.
Category: Linguistics

[70] viXra:1808.0259 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-19 05:06:33

Brahmi Aksharas and the Alphabet

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 8 Pages.

This article explores the derivation of Phoenician and other alphabets from the Brahmi Aksharas.
Category: Linguistics

[69] viXra:1808.0115 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-10 07:48:33

Indian History: A Narrative of Truth

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 23 Pages.

No region in the entire planet has been as misunderstood and misrepresented historically than the Indian Subcontinent. Implications of attempting to understand it's history has gone as far as consequences of the Aryan Race theory in the context of Nazis and atheist Dravidian Tamils. It is high time one puts a full stop to all this by knowing truly the history of India. On the basis of research several conclusions have been put forward: an Aryan invasion from central Asia or Europe, an indigenous origin to the Vedas, a Dravidian yet undecipherable Indus Valley Civilization. All these are correct in their own way within their own scope. The problem is not research accuracy, but narrow perspectives. Furthermore certain glaring and questionable assumptions are often made. For example, how can one validate that human migrations inferred through DNA haplogroups are the only sources by which languages spread and evolve? In this article I shall briefly give an overview narrative of Indian Prehistory, on the basis of collating multiple sources. Some of this narrative stands proven by existing archaeological and linguistic and genetic evidences, which are strung together by logical reasoning. For those with need of more concrete proof, time shall certainly answer. For those whose minds have been so corrupted and brainwashed with dogmas from the Holy See or Aryan Dravidian prejudices, God alone shall answer. For those with honest open minds, yearning to understand the truth and for unbiased researchers trying to put together pieces, this article shall surely be of value, and that alone is the scope of this article.
Category: Linguistics

[68] viXra:1805.0542 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-31 15:16:46

Components Topology of Oracle Bones Characters

Authors: Julian Juhi-Lian Ting
Comments: 6 Pages. abstract in English, main content in traditional Chinese

Oracle bones characters have many variations. As they are still conceivable, there must have some intrinsic essence inside. Disputes of previous studied components exist, while some interpretation are too far-fetched. We introduce some concepts from fluid dynamics and graph theories to interpret the meaning of these components
Category: Linguistics

[67] viXra:1804.0494 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-30 16:02:13

Applying the Transtheoretical Model of Behavioral Change to Reddit Data: A Pilot Study of Cessation Strategies and Outcomes among Tobacco Users

Authors: Danielle Mowery, Albert Park, Mike Conway
Comments: 6 Pages. Presented at UK HEALTHCARE TEXT ANALYTICS CONFERENCE APRIL 18-19, 2018, MANCHESTER, UK

Despite the existence of numerous studies demonstrating that tobacco use is strongly associated with cancer, heart disease, stroke, and other health problems, tobacco continues to be a major public health threat worldwide. Social media provides a rich resource for population-level, health-based monitoring and understanding of tobacco cessation efforts and trends. In this pilot study, we identified common and emerging tactics used by Reddit users for tobacco cessation and demonstrated that the Transtheoretical Model — an established and widely used behavioural change theory – could be leveraged to track and identify successful cessation of tobacco usage within this population.
Category: Linguistics

[66] viXra:1804.0484 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-29 17:20:47

Foreign Labels on Your Clothes

Authors: Barkhudarov L.S., Komissarov V.N.
Comments: 5 Pages. I will be grateful if you publish my work as soon as possible. It is really very important for me . lovelyadelya@gmail.com

lovelyadelya@gmail.com Evaluating a person, we note how much clothing corresponds to age, social status, fashion. Some people have a desire to be similar in clothes to those who matter, others use clothes as a way to stand out. This style, long possessed by Europe and America, is gaining increasing popularity among young people. This work will be useful and interesting in that it will allow teenagers to pay attention to the translation of inscriptions on their clothes, and ensure the correctness of the use of information that should reflect the true interests of the wearer with the inscriptions.
Category: Linguistics

[65] viXra:1803.0223 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-15 23:10:52

ЦАРское слово русского языка.

Authors: Alexander I. Dubinyansky, Pavel Churlyaev.
Comments: 24 Pages. dubinyansky@mail.ru

Abstract. Авторами найдено и обосновано одно из самых распространённых, древних, и основных слов русского языка. Статья опубликована в 2007 на нескольких российских научных форумах, на сайте Universe100, и на Макспарке в 2011 году.
Category: Linguistics

[64] viXra:1712.0067 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-04 02:00:09

A 101-a Carte de Florentin Smarandache!

Authors: Mircea Monu
Comments: 2 Pages.

În această săptămână, a apărut la Editura ʺOffsetcolorʺ Râmnicu Vâlcea cea de-a 101 carte a lui Florentin Smarandache: „Exotica și cutremurătoarea Indonezie” (cutremurătoare la figurat, dar și la propriu, pentru că a fost surprins aici de un puternic cutremur, Indonezia fiind situată în zona seismica numită în geografie și în seismologie „centura de Foc a Pacificului”).
Category: Linguistics

[63] viXra:1712.0066 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-04 02:01:50

About Florentin Smarandache, Again...

Authors: Ion Rotaru
Comments: 4 Pages.

We have written about him on other occasions too: when the Paradoxist Manifesto or the recollections of the prodigious writer in the volume Fled were published. The founder of the International Paradoxist Movement is full of surprises, of course.
Category: Linguistics

[62] viXra:1712.0065 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-04 02:03:50

Actualitatea Paradoxismului

Authors: Alex Balog
Comments: 14 Pages.

Matematician, poet, romancier și dramaturg, Florentin Smarandache s-a născut la 10 decembrie 1954, în comuna Bălcești, județul Vâlcea. După absolvirea Facultății de Matematică din cadrul Universității din Craiova, lucrează ca profesor în comuna natală, apoi, la Colegiul ”Nicolae Bălcescu” din Craiova. Între 1982-1984 va trece dincolo de granițele țării, predând matematica la Colegiul ”Sidi El Hassan Lyoussi” din Sefrou, Maroc.
Category: Linguistics

[61] viXra:1706.0096 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-06 05:58:08

"Anonyma: Eine Frau in Berlin": Ein Historisches Dokument Der Autorin Marta Hillers

Authors: Rainer W. Kühne
Comments: 3 Pages. in German language

Im April und Mai 1945 wurden 100.000 Frauen in Berlin von Soldaten der Roten Armee vergewaltigt. Von ihnen waren 65.000 im gebärfähigen Alter, 13.000 wurden schwanger. Die meisten Frauen haben abgetrieben, etwa 1.200 dieser Kinder wurden geboren [1-4]. Autobiographisch beschrieben wurden diese Vergewaltigungen in "Anonyma: Eine Frau in Berlin" [5]. Das Buch erschien zuerst 1954 in englischer Übersetzung [6], wurde 1959 in deutscher Sprache veröffentlicht und erst in der Neuauflage von 2003 ein Bestseller. Im Jahr 2008 wurde das Buch verfilmt, mit Nina Hoss in der Hauptrolle. Hier belege ich, dass diese Autobiographie kein Roman ist, wie oft behauptet, sondern ein historisches Dokument.
Category: Linguistics

[60] viXra:1611.0099 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-07 16:57:02

Use of Smartwatch Technology for People with Dysarthria

Authors: Leslie Mahler, Harishchandra Dubey, Jon Cody Goldberg, Kunal Mankodiya
Comments: 2 Pages. In the Proceedings of Motor Speech Conference 2016, Madonna Rehabilitation Hospital, Newport Beach, California, USA.

Purpose: Dysarthria is caused by a variety of neurological diagnoses resulting in decreased communicative effectiveness. Treatment of dysarthria could be improved if speech-language pathologists (SLPs) had the ability to obtain speech data during exercises and typical daily activities outside the clinic. This study evaluated the feasibility of smartwatch technology to collect reliable speech data in ecologically valid environments outside of the clinical environment.
Category: Linguistics

[59] viXra:1510.0380 [pdf] submitted on 2015-10-24 12:32:57

Korpus českého Verše

Authors: Petr Plecháč, Robert Kolár
Comments: 4 Pages.

In following we present the Corpus of Czech Verse (i.e. lemmatised, phonetically, morphologically, metrically and strophically annotated corpus of Czech poetry) and the online tools that give access to its data. The following online tools are described: Database of Czech metres, Gunstick, Hex, Euphonometer, and Babel. English presentation of these tools may be found in Plecháč, Kolár 2015 or at the website of Versification Research Group http://versologie.cz/en/).
Category: Linguistics

[58] viXra:1510.0060 [pdf] submitted on 2015-10-06 14:53:50

Being a Businessman

Authors: Andrew Nassif
Comments: 6 Pages.

Doing Business can be a very hard type of career. A CEO, Financial Advisor, Real State Expert, Broker, or Investor are all career choices that are seemingly stressful but enjoyable. In this paper we will be looking at the genius of some popular businessman and their overall appeals when dealing with business, making tradeoffs, or writing to a general audience. We will take an overall literary, business, and linguistics aspect to our analysis.
Category: Linguistics

[57] viXra:1507.0212 [pdf] submitted on 2015-07-28 21:06:22

On the Brahmi-Indus Connection (a New Passage to Indus Script Decipherment)

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 8 Pages.

The origins of the Indus Valley Civilization are shrouded in mystery. Two significant questions from this unsolved historical problem are the origins of the Brahmi and Indus scripts. In this light, the present paper performs a omparative feature based study of the Brahmi, Indus and Aramaic scripts, decisively proving that the Brahmi is indeed more closer to the Indus script than to Aramaic. Based on this result, and other established partial decipherments thus far, a hypothesis proposing the two-subsets nature of the Indus script is proposed. Separate phonetic and pictographic sets corresponding to Sanskrit and Tamil are identified, pointing towards a new way of comprehensively deciphering the Indus script.
Category: Linguistics

[56] viXra:1507.0198 [pdf] submitted on 2015-07-27 07:23:07

Kshetra Naamaavali - Tracing Sanskrit Names of Countries using Etymology

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 8 Pages.

Etymology, as the flagship study of linguistics, relates phonetic aspects of words in different languages through the connected meanings. The present paper provides a listing of names of countries and continents (modern and ancient included) and through the etymologies in the source languages, reconstructs the Sanskrit names for such countries. The ability to reconstruct Sanskrit etymologies of country names with etymological roots in a diverse collection of languages with reasonable phonetic closeness suggests at a common link between diverse language families of the world, and forms the highlight of the present paper.
Category: Linguistics

[55] viXra:1506.0204 [pdf] submitted on 2015-06-28 20:50:52

Thirteenth International Anthology on Paradoxism

Authors: editor Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 152 Pages.

Paradoxist folklore, poems, translations, prose, and illustrations by many authors. Contributors by countries: George ROCA (Australia); Octavian BLAGA (Belgium); Bernd HUTSCHENREUTHER (Germany); Nicolae RUSU (Republic of Moldova); Elena AGIU-NEACŞU, Vătuiu Roaua Ion ANDRUŞA, Virgil BORCAN, Adrian BOTEZ, Ana Maria BUZOIANU, Eugen EVU, Constantin MANEA, Nicolae NICOARĂ, Gheorghe NICULESCU, Nicolae NISTOROIU, Ion PĂTRAȘCU, Gheorghe SĂVOIU, Elena TRIFAN, Ioan Adrian TRIFAN (România); Charles ASHBACHER, Nicholas NARCISS, Caytie RIBBLE, Florentin SMARANDACHE (USA).
Category: Linguistics

[54] viXra:1506.0006 [pdf] submitted on 2015-06-01 12:48:29

Wor(l)d Cultures: the Topology of 10 Dimensional Languages

Authors: Luis Sancho
Comments: 51 Pages.

The Superorganisms of history, nations and civilizations, as all social, 'cellular systems', have an energetic, reproductive and informative network that organize its 'human cells'. The energetic network is Gaia, planet Earth, the re=productive network is the economic system, and the informative, 'nervous' network is the verbal language. We thus can study verbal languages with the tools of Complex Sciences, and the formalism of 10 Dimensional systems, to understand its structure and purpose. That purpose is obvious. As nervous messages coordinate the collective actions of the cells of the body, collective human actions are created with wor(l)ds, verbal languages of information that order a community of human beings into a social network of common values and actions that create the nation or civilization. Thus, it follows that the highest expression of those words that create human worlds are the Law, in its religious or civil form. Yet we can do more detailed analysis of words in other scalar levels and from other point of view. For example we can study i->i+1 relationships, considering how the i-level of words as a language that reflects the Universe in its syntax and semantics influences the i+1 level of cultures. How for example the use of I, the subject, at the beginning of sentences in English creates and ego-centered, free, egoist psyche, proper of the Anglo-Saxon culture where social ethics are foreign to its syntax. This article concentrates not so much on ethics but on linguistics, specifically on the influence of syntax on culture. We shall find that 'topology', the order between subject, verb and object, according to the Universal Grammar, is the main defining element of linguistics that organizes the psyche of cultures. In this manner, we fusion thanks to the discoveries of complexity sciences the 2 main thesis of linguistics, genetic linguistics (chomsky) and the Humboldt Hypothesis.
Category: Linguistics

[53] viXra:1504.0231 [pdf] submitted on 2015-04-28 20:16:47

Legile Lui Florentin (Dacă O Treabă nu-ți Iese Bine, Paseaz-O Altuia!)

Authors: F. Smarandache
Comments: 30 Pages.

Legile lui Florentin nu sunt nici Legi ale lui Murphy (pesimiste), nici Legi ale lui Peter (optimiste), ci, pe de o parte, parțial pesimiste și pațial optimiste, iar pe de altă parte neutre (ambigue: nici pesimiste, nici optimiste) – ca în logica neutrosofică. Fiind paradoxiste prin natura lor, Legile lui Florentin sunt devieri, modificări, generalizări, contra-proverbe, parodii sau combinații ale Legilor Murphy – Peter, mixturi de aforisme, proverbe, citate celebre, clișee, rezultate științifice (din fizică, matematică, filosofie ș.a.) etc.; alternativ, colaționări de idei contrare adunate din folclor, din anunțuri şi publicitate, din literatură, din vorbirea informală.
Category: Linguistics

[52] viXra:1504.0173 [pdf] submitted on 2015-04-21 18:06:25

A Face pe Prostul la Timpul Potrivit Este Cea Mai Mare înţelepciune! (Vol. 12)

Authors: editor Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 640 Pages.

Folclor umoristic internetist, cules, selectat, prelucrat de Florentin Smarandache. Bancuri, imagini, folclor in general.
Category: Linguistics

[51] viXra:1502.0189 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-21 09:48:50

Cititorind. Balmeş α-Lecturi Instante

Authors: editor Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 79 Pages.

Această carte este un nou jurnal de lecturi instante, intenţional expeditive, marca Florentin Smarandache. Acelaşi mozaic de notiţe la prima mână, fără adnotări, fără intervenţii personale sau personalizate, fără judecăţi de valoare asupra lecturilor, fără trimiteri sau analogii savante sau savantlâceşti, întocmai ca în volumul precedent de cititoriri (Cititorind. Hic et nunc) şi, mai mult ca sigur, ca în următoarele. La foc de mitralieră, Florentin Smarandache conspectează un braţ de cărţi şi o căciulă de website-uri de conţinut variat şi, cum altfel?!, paradoxal/paradoxist. Cărţi de specialitate se aşează lângă website-uri de popularizare, publicaţii academice lângă publicaţii controversate ca valoare ştiinţifică, website-uri vulgarizatoare lângă website-uri ale unor instituţii respectate. La fel, în conţinut: cercetări aplicate, cu metode ştiinţifice consacrate, sunt imprietenite cu teorii conspiraţioniste şi strategii de dezvoltare personală. Acest (talmeş-)Balmeş nu poate fi întâmplător. Ba dimpotrivă, este un portret (pictat pe dedesupt) al lumii în care trăim sau, dacă nu un portret, poate doar un peisaj al acesteia. O lume care îşi refuză tot mai mult discernământul sustenabil, menţinând falii de gândire aparent insurmontabile între părţile-i componente, contorsionând mai profund fiindurile. (Stefan Iancu)
Category: Linguistics

[50] viXra:1412.0192 [pdf] submitted on 2014-12-17 09:25:38

Corporate Social Responsibility – Collaborating for the Future

Authors: Mirela Teodorescu, Petre Bosun, Bianca Teodorescu
Comments: 12 Pages.

Global economy of the world is about to exceed the limit of endurance of the Earth, pushing civilization from early phase of the XXI century closer to a possible crash than ever. In our concern for quarterly profit growth from one year to another, we lose sight of the magnitude scale of human activity in relation to the earth's resources. A century ago, the annual growth of the global economy was measured in trillions. As a result, the consuming of renewable resources is faster than their regeneration. Forests are shrinking, grasslands are deteriorating, water fall, fishing seats collapse and soils erode. Depletion of oil is at a pace that leaves little time for planning what will be beyond its peak. And "unload" in the atmosphere gases with greenhouse effect faster than nature can absorb them, thus reaching a stage where increasing the soil temperature is significantly higher than it has ever been since the beginning of agriculture in here (Hawkins, 2006). Civilization of this XXI century is not the first which takes the way of a certain economy cannot be sustained by the environment. Many other previous civilizations were in trouble regarding the environment. As Jared Diamond (2005) noted some could change the course and avoided the economic downturn. Others could not. The idea is that the world is today in what ecologists call “mode exaggeration-and-fall”. In the past, many times the request exceeded the production of sustainable natural systems locally. In this context, the major companies in their efforts to find ways to develop projects to stop the degradation of the planet, then restore the resources. One of the large projects is CSR acting in areas such as: environmental change, resources, waste, social change, pollution, energy, ecoefficiency, water, fauna, forests, fossil fuels, contaminants, GHG (greenhouse gases), GM (genetically modified), desertification are only few objectives. It is also the task of governments and NGOs to create structures that facilitate and control this activity.
Category: Linguistics

[49] viXra:1412.0191 [pdf] submitted on 2014-12-17 09:31:37

Drainage of Some Areas of Uncertainty in the Field of Communicative Instance Concept

Authors: Stefan Vladutescu
Comments: 8 Pages.

The study finds, supports and explores some of the uncertainties surrounding the core of the concept of communicative instance. Examine joints concept and try articulating it as a useful tool in understanding, describing and explaining the phenomenon of communication. Method is one meta-analytical. The main conclusion that emerges from draining and dropping the halo of doubt and uncertainty is the principle of communicative instance: within each communicative event occurs and remain an instance of communication, understood as a mutual computational and decisional human device of co-building, co-organization, co-implementation and co-management of communication processes.
Category: Linguistics

[48] viXra:1411.0024 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-03 16:31:25

Universal Poetic Structures

Authors: Ejolim Civecokar
Comments: 8 Pages.

The paper shows that the structure of the Homer Iliad and Odyssey, and Dante Divine Comedy, as well as Njegosh Mountain Wreath are built on the same principles, on which is built the structure of the genetic code.
Category: Linguistics

[47] viXra:1410.0172 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-27 12:10:27

Ai Carte, ai cu ce Să te ştergi la Fund! Folclor Umoristic Internetist (Vol. Xi)

Authors: editor Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 615 Pages.

Bancuri, folclor in general, imagini colorate.
Category: Linguistics

[46] viXra:1410.0021 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-04 15:52:08

Topical Communication Uncertainties

Authors: editors Stefan Vladutescu, Florentin Smarandache, Daniela Gifu, Alina Tenescu
Comments: 300 Pages.

Communication is the main way of defusing uncertainties. Unfortunately, communication discipline itself is mined by uncertainties. We can talk about onto-epistemological uncertainties and pragmatic uncertainties of communication, about theoretical and practical uncertainties, and about primary and secondary uncertainties of communication. Uncertainties regarding the object of communication as autonomous discipline, the research methods of communication, the sources, paradigms and models of communication represent theoretical, onto-epistemological uncertainties. Pragmatic uncertainties include uncertainties in communication processes; they have a practical character. Pragmatic uncertainties are those that lead to communication failure and they consist in minor obstacles or insurmountable barriers in concrete communication. (Florentin Smarandache & Stefan Vladutescu) *** The book has 16 chapters written by the following authors and co-authors from USA, England, Poland, Slovakia, and Romania: Florentin Smarandache, Stefan Vladutescu, Mirela Teodorescu, Dan S. Stoica, Daniela Gifu, Calin Andrei, Ioan Constantin Dima, Mariana Man, Janusz Grabara, Paula Bajdor, Jim O'Brien, Andrzej Rabsztyn, Anabella-Maria Tarnovan, Adrian Nicolescu, Alina Tenescu, Nicusor Minculete, Vladimir Modrak, Sorin Mihai Radu, Alice Ionescu, Anca­ Diana Bibiri, Lucian Sacalean, Mircea Munteanu, Roxana Criu, Bogdan Constantin Neculau, Marin Dramnescu, Mihaela­Gabriela Paun, and Loredana Speriatu.
Category: Linguistics

[45] viXra:1410.0020 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-04 16:14:57

Iubeşte-ţi Copilul ca şi Cum ar fi al Tău! Folclor Umoristic Internetist, Vol. X

Authors: editor Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 646 Pages.

Bancuri, folclor, imagini.
Category: Linguistics

[44] viXra:1410.0016 [pdf] submitted on 2014-10-04 09:15:50

Current Communication Difficulties

Authors: editors Florentin Smarandache, Stefan Vladutescu, Alina Tenescu
Comments: 300 Pages.

Our thesis is that communication has several sources. Some may be considered as main sources or constitutive sources from which communication springs, and others may be considered as secondary or complementary sources of communication. We can thus acknowledge eight main sources of communication: rhetoric, persuasion, psychology, sociology, anthropology, semiotics, linguistics and political science. Rhetoric is the first and oldest discipline which studied certain communication phenomena; rhetoric has outlined a proto-object of communication. Sociology is the most powerful source of communication methodology: sociology has supplied most of the theories and methods that have led to the discipline of communication growing autonomously. We assert that secondary sources of communication are: philosophy, ethics, pragmatics, mathematics, cybernetics and ecology. [Florentin Smarandache & Ştefan Vlăduţescu] *** The book has 15 chapters written by the following authors and co-authors from USA, England, China, Poland, Serbia, Bulgaria, Slovakia, and Romania: Florentin Smarandache, Ştefan Vlăduţescu, Jim O’Brien, Svetislav Paunovic, Mariana Man, Zhaoxun Song, Dandan Shan, Maria Nowicka-Skowron, Sorin Mihai Radu, Janusz Grabara, Ioan Cosmescu, Adrian Nicolescu, Krasimira Dimitrova, Alina Țenescu, Sebastian Kot, Beata Ślusarczyk, Maria Măcriș, Iwona Grabara, Piotr Pachura, Mircea Bunaciu, Jozef Novak-Marcincin, Mircea Duică, Odette Arhip, Vlad Roșca, and Vladimir-Aurelian Enăchescu.
Category: Linguistics

[43] viXra:1409.0012 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-01 18:19:14

Cules de Pasari

Authors: Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 52 Pages.

Poeme intr-un rand insotite de imagini sugestive.
Category: Linguistics

[42] viXra:1409.0011 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-01 18:21:52

Floricitări de Florinalii / Poezii cu Dedicaţie Precisă

Authors: Amalia Mia Pop
Comments: 50 Pages.

Aceste “poezii cu dedicaţie precisă” sunt versuri ocazionale dedicate şi adresate lui Florentin Smarandache, sub formă de felicitări (“floricitări”) cu ocazia sărbătorilor de Florii (“Florinalii”), colectate din arhiva scriitorului de Amalia Mia Pop şi ilustrate cu fotografii din arhiva SCŞ AdSumus sau din Internet. Texte poetice de Eugen Evu, Gh. Niculescu, Mircea Monu, George Anca, Marinela Preoteasa, Nicolae Maroga Enceanu, Janet Nică, George Roca, Mari Neagu.
Category: Linguistics

[41] viXra:1409.0010 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-01 18:28:58

Flori îndrăgostite / Poeme într-un Rând

Authors: Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 52 Pages.

Versuri si imagini sugestive.
Category: Linguistics

[40] viXra:1407.0202 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-27 08:45:11

Decât Repede şi Bine, Mai Degrabă încet şi Prost, Folclor Umoristic Internetist (Ix),

Authors: editor Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 642 Pages.

Bancuri, folclor in general, imagini.
Category: Linguistics

[39] viXra:1407.0195 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-25 12:33:21

Eleventh International Anthology on Paradoxism

Authors: editor Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 159 Pages.

Contributors by country: From Romania: Adrian Botez, G. Calefariu, Ionuţ Caragea, Marius Coman, George Drăghescu, Eugen Evu, Liviu-Florian Jianu, Adrian Lesenciuc, Ioan Marinescu-Puiu, Janet Nică, Nicolae Nicoară-Horia, Gheorghe Niculescu, Mircea Oprea, Andrei Radu, Elena Adriana Răducan, Mircea Eugen Şelariu, Ion Urda; From India: B. Venkateswara Rao; From U.S.A.: Florentin Smarandache, Connor Wood; From Serbia: Ioan Baba.
Category: Linguistics

[38] viXra:1407.0140 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-18 16:01:15

Cine-I Harnic şi Munceşte Are Tot ce Vrea, Cine-I Leneş şi Chiuleşte Are Tot Aşa! (Folclor Umoristic Internetist, Vol. Viii)

Authors: editor Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 720 Pages.

Bancuri, folclor in general@@, imagini.
Category: Linguistics

[37] viXra:1407.0108 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-14 16:10:58

Din Amazonia în Pampas (Fotojurnal Instantaneu)

Authors: Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 99 Pages.

“Să iau pulsul vieţii. Să intru în vorbă cu omul obişnuit. Să bat trotuarele ori să stau la o terasă privind trecătorii. Turismul ca un modus vivendi. Ca o adaptare continuă. Ca o aventură culturală. - Cum a fost vacanţa? M-a întrebat un prieten. - Prea scurtă!” [fragment din jurnal]
Category: Linguistics

[36] viXra:1407.0013 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-02 10:56:14

Dovada Supremă Că Există Fiinţe Inteligente în Afara Pământului Este Că nu au încercat Să ne Contacteze!

Authors: editor Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 684 Pages.

Folclor umoristic internetist (Vol. VII).
Category: Linguistics

[35] viXra:1406.0143 [pdf] submitted on 2014-06-23 10:25:37

Cum îţi Aşterni, Cum Vine Altul şi se Culcă în Locul Tău!

Authors: editor Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 649 Pages.

Folclor umoristic internetist (Vol. VI).
Category: Linguistics

[34] viXra:1406.0136 [pdf] submitted on 2014-06-21 16:43:37

Flor & Erato

Authors: Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 62 Pages.

Marginalii la o dragoste care poate fi, dar poate să nu fie, vrea să fie şi dă să fie, dar nu ajunge (încă) la împlinire, o dragoste care era să fie cândva şi, totodată, stă să fie, fără obligativitatea de a deveni… Flor este bărbatul la maturitate, înflorind prin dragoste. Erato este muza poeziei şi erosului, împrumutându-şi numele din mitologie, dar evadând din aceasta pentru a deveni femeia senzuală care se înfloreşte pe sine şi înfloreşte bărbatul căruia i se dăruie…
Category: Linguistics

Replacements of recent Submissions

[11] viXra:1808.0259 [pdf] replaced on 2018-09-19 05:20:17

Brahmi Aksharas, Alphabet and the Genetic Code

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 32 Pages.

This article explores the derivation of Phoenician and other alphabets from the Brahmi Aksharas. The 22 letters of the alphabet remarkably match the 22 DNA codons generating various amino acids.
Category: Linguistics

[10] viXra:1808.0259 [pdf] replaced on 2018-09-09 07:51:43

Brahmi Aksharas and the Alphabet

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 10 Pages.

This article explores the derivation of Phoenician and other alphabets from the Brahmi Aksharas. The 22 letters of the alphabet remarkably match the 22 DNA codons generating various amino acids.
Category: Linguistics

[9] viXra:1504.0231 [pdf] replaced on 2015-04-29 13:02:14

Legile Lui Florentin (Dacă O Treabă nu-ți Iese Bine, Paseaz-O Altuia!)

Authors: F. Smarandache
Comments: 30 Pages.

Legile lui Florentin nu sunt nici Legi ale lui Murphy (pesimiste), nici Legi ale lui Peter (optimiste), ci, pe de o parte, parțial pesimiste și pațial optimiste, iar pe de altă parte neutre (ambigue: nici pesimiste, nici optimiste) – ca în logica neutrosofică. Fiind paradoxiste prin natura lor, Legile lui Florentin sunt devieri, modificări, generalizări, contra-proverbe, parodii sau combinații ale Legilor Murphy – Peter, mixturi de aforisme, proverbe, citate celebre, clișee, rezultate științifice (din fizică, matematică, filosofie ș.a.) etc.; alternativ, colaționări de idei contrare adunate din folclor, din anunțuri şi publicitate, din literatură, din vorbirea informală.
Category: Linguistics

[8] viXra:1412.0191 [pdf] replaced on 2014-12-17 14:51:50

Drainage of Some Areas of Uncertainty in the Field of Communicative Instance Concept

Authors: Stefan Vladutescu
Comments: 8 Pages.

The study finds, supports and explores some of the uncertainties surrounding the core of the concept of communicative instance. Examine joints concept and try articulating it as a useful tool inunderstanding, describing and explaining the phenomenon of communication. Method is one meta-analytical. The main conclusion that emerges from draining and dropping the halo of doubt and uncertainty is the principle of communicative instance: within each communicative event occurs and remain an instance of communication, understood as a mutual computational and decisional human device of co-building, co-organization, co-implementation and co-management of communication processes.
Category: Linguistics

[7] viXra:1410.0021 [pdf] replaced on 2014-10-06 11:37:02

Topical Communication Uncertainties

Authors: editors Stefan Vladutescu, Florentin Smarandache, Daniela Gifu, Alina Tenescu
Comments: 300 Pages.

Communication is the main way of defusing uncertainties. Unfortunately, communication discipline itself is mined by uncertainties. We can talk about onto-epistemological uncertainties and pragmatic uncertainties of communication, about theoretical and practical uncertainties, and about primary and secondary uncertainties of communication. Uncertainties regarding the object of communication as autonomous discipline, the research methods of communication, the sources, paradigms and models of communication represent theoretical, onto-epistemological uncertainties. Pragmatic uncertainties include uncertainties in communication processes; they have a practical character. Pragmatic uncertainties are those that lead to communication failure and they consist in minor obstacles or insurmountable barriers in concrete communication. (Florentin Smarandache & Stefan Vladutescu) *** The book has 16 chapters written by the following authors and co-authors from USA, England, Poland, Slovakia, and Romania: Florentin Smarandache, Stefan Vladutescu, Mirela Teodorescu, Dan S. Stoica, Daniela Gifu, Calin Andrei, Ioan Constantin Dima, Mariana Man, Janusz Grabara, Paula Bajdor, Jim O'Brien, Andrzej Rabsztyn, Anabella-Maria Tarnovan, Adrian Nicolescu, Alina Tenescu, Nicusor Minculete, Vladimir Modrak, Sorin Mihai Radu, Alice Ionescu, Anca­ Diana Bibiri, Lucian Sacalean, Mircea Munteanu, Roxana Criu, Bogdan Constantin Neculau, Marin Dramnescu, Mihaela­Gabriela Paun, and Loredana Speriatu.
Category: Linguistics

[6] viXra:1407.0013 [pdf] replaced on 2014-07-04 03:17:46

Dovada Supremă Că Există Fiinţe Inteligente în Afara Pământului Este Că nu au încercat Să ne Contacteze!

Authors: editor Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 684 Pages.

Folclor umoristic internetist (Vol. VII).
Category: Linguistics