Authors: editor Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 152 Pages.
Paradoxist folklore, poems, translations, prose, and illustrations by many authors.
Contributors by countries:
George ROCA (Australia);
Octavian BLAGA (Belgium);
Bernd HUTSCHENREUTHER (Germany);
Nicolae RUSU (Republic of Moldova);
Elena AGIU-NEACŞU, Vătuiu Roaua Ion ANDRUŞA, Virgil BORCAN, Adrian BOTEZ, Ana Maria BUZOIANU, Eugen EVU,
Constantin MANEA, Nicolae NICOARĂ, Gheorghe NICULESCU, Nicolae NISTOROIU, Ion PĂTRAȘCU, Gheorghe SĂVOIU,
Elena TRIFAN, Ioan Adrian TRIFAN (România);
Charles ASHBACHER, Nicholas NARCISS, Caytie RIBBLE,
Florentin SMARANDACHE (USA).
Authors: Luis Sancho
Comments: 51 Pages.
The Superorganisms of history, nations and civilizations, as all social, 'cellular systems', have an energetic, reproductive and informative network that organize its 'human cells'. The energetic network is Gaia, planet Earth, the re=productive network is the economic system, and the informative, 'nervous' network is the verbal language.
We thus can study verbal languages with the tools of Complex Sciences, and the formalism of 10 Dimensional systems, to understand its structure and purpose.
That purpose is obvious. As nervous messages coordinate the collective actions of the cells of the body, collective human actions are created with wor(l)ds, verbal languages of information that order a community of human beings into a social network of common values and actions that create the nation or civilization.
Thus, it follows that the highest expression of those words that create human worlds are the Law, in its religious or civil form.
Yet we can do more detailed analysis of words in other scalar levels and from other point of view.
For example we can study i->i+1 relationships, considering how the i-level of words as a language that reflects the Universe in its syntax and semantics influences the i+1 level of cultures. How for example the use of I, the subject, at the beginning of sentences in English creates and ego-centered, free, egoist psyche, proper of the Anglo-Saxon culture where social ethics are foreign to its syntax.
This article concentrates not so much on ethics but on linguistics, specifically on the influence of syntax on culture. We shall find that 'topology', the order between subject, verb and object, according to the Universal Grammar, is the main defining element of linguistics that organizes the psyche of cultures.
In this manner, we fusion thanks to the discoveries of complexity sciences the 2 main thesis of linguistics, genetic linguistics (chomsky) and the Humboldt Hypothesis.