Functions and Analysis

1806 Submissions

[8] viXra:1806.0464 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-30 13:06:43

Np?=exp

Authors: Thinh D. Nguyen
Comments: 1 Page.

We only point out that the work of algorithmic algebra community is not enough, at least so far.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[7] viXra:1806.0444 [pdf] replaced on 2018-07-01 07:28:05

The Optimization Principle for the Riemann Hypothesis

Authors: Hassine Saidane
Comments: 8 Pages.

Abstract. Based on the observation that several physical, biological and social processes seem to be optimizing an objective function such as an action or a utility, the Central Principle of Science was deemed to be Optimization. Indeed, optimization proved to be an efficient tool for uncovering several scientific laws and proving some scientific theories. In this paper, we use this paradigm to identify the location of the nontrivial zeros of the Riemann Zeta function (RZF). This approach enabled the formulation of this problem as a constrained optimization problem where a simple objective function referred to here as the “Push-Pull Action” is maximized. The solution of the resulting constrained nonlinear optimization problem proved that nontrivial zeros of RZF are located on the critical line. In addition to proving the Riemann Hypothesis, this approach unveiled a plausible law of “Maximum Action of Push-Pull” that seems to be driving RZF to its equilibrium states at the different heights where it reaches its nontrivial zeros. We also show that this law applies to functions exhibiting the same properties as RZF. Keywords: Zeta function, Riemann Hypothesis, Constrained Optimization
Category: Functions and Analysis

[6] viXra:1806.0360 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-24 12:50:58

Computing Multi-Homogeneous Bezout Numbers is Hard

Authors: Thinh Nguyen
Comments: 17 Pages.

The multi-homogeneous B´ezout number is a bound for the number of solutions of a system of multi-homogeneous polynomial equations, in a suitable product of projective spaces. Given an arbitrary, not necessarily multi-homogeneous system, one can ask for the optimal multi-homogenization that would minimize the B´ezout number. In this paper, it is proved that the problem of computing, or even estimating the optimal multi-homogeneous B´ezout number is actually NP-hard. In terms of approximation theory for combinatorial optimization, the problem of computing the best multi-homogeneous structure does not belong to APX, unless P = NP. Moreover, polynomial time algorithms for estimating the minimal multihomogeneous B´ezout number up to a fixed factor cannot exist even in a randomized setting, unless BPP⊇NP.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[5] viXra:1806.0326 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-22 12:30:06

On the New Method for Finding Sum of an Infinite Series in Which 1/n (N∈N) is Common from Every Term Such that N→∞

Authors: Tejas Chandrakant Thakare
Comments: 3 Pages. Please feel free to comment on this study

Using method of integration as the limit of sum we can easily evaluate sum of an infinite series in which 1/n is common from every term such that n→∞ (n∈N). However in this method we do some rigorous calculations before integration. In this paper, in order to minimize the labor involved in this process I propose an alternative new method for finding the sum of an infinite series in which 1/n is common from every term such that n→∞.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[4] viXra:1806.0239 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-17 23:43:19

The Similarity Between Rules for Essentially Adequate Quaternionic and Complex Differentiation

Authors: Michael Parfenov
Comments: 18 Pages.

This paper is the third paper of the cycle devoted to the theory of essentially adequate quaternionic differentiability. It is established that the quaternionic holomorphic (ℍ -holomorphic) functions, satisfying the essentially adequate generalization of Cauchy-Riemann’s equations, make up a very remarkable class: generally non-commutative quaternionic multiplication behaves as commutative in the case of multiplication of ℍ -holomorphic functions. Everyone can construct such ℍ-holomorphic functions by replacing a complex variable as a single whole by a quaternionic one in expressions for complex holomorphic functions, and thereafter verify their commutativity. This property, which is confirmed by a lot of ℍ-holomorphic functions, gives conclusive evidence that the developed theory is true. The rules for quaternionic differentiation of combinations of ℍ-holomorphic functions find themselves similar to those from complex analysis: the formulae for differentiation of sums, products, ratios, and compositions of H-holomorphic functions as well as quaternionic power series, are fully identical to their complex analogs. The example of using the deduced rules is considered and it is shown that they reduce essentially the volume of calculations. The base notions of complex Maclaurin series expansions are adapted to the quaternion case.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[3] viXra:1806.0082 [pdf] replaced on 2018-07-26 19:07:43

Derivation of the Limits of Sine and Cosine at Infinity

Authors: Jonathan W. Tooker
Comments: 5 Pages. two figures

This paper examines some familiar results from complex analysis in the framework of hypercomplex analysis. It is usually taught that the oscillatory behavior of sine waves means that they have no limit at infinity but here we derive definite limits. Where a central element in the foundations of complex analysis is that the complex conjugate of a C-number is not analytic at the origin, we introduce the tools of hypercomplex analysis to show that the complex conjugate of a *C-number is analytic at the origin.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[2] viXra:1806.0067 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-07 04:22:20

Exactly Solving Arbitrary Order Linear Ordinary Differential Equations

Authors: Claude Michael Cassano
Comments: 9 Pages.

Theorems establishing exact solution for any linear ordinary differential equation of arbitrary order (homogeneous and inhomogeneous) are presented and proven.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[1] viXra:1806.0047 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-06 04:42:10

Exactly Solving Second Order Linear Ordinary Differential Equations

Authors: Claude Michael Cassano
Comments: 18 Pages.

Further development of exactly solving second order linear ordinary differential equations, and related non-linear ordinary differential equations.
Category: Functions and Analysis