Authors: Victor V. Demjanov
Measurements Miller (1905-1925) on the interferometer Michelson-type (MI) have discovered on the basis of effects of 2nd-order non-zero interference fringe shift, indicating the anisotropy of the speed of light in the light-bearing area of MI. Such evidence about aether is of great concern y autor SRT. In 1926 in his article "My theory and experiments of Miller", Einstein said that in these experiments "should be hidden bug", because otherwise, the SRT not valid. Further he suggests, that the reason might be the in defects of the low stiffness and big of heaviness of interferometer Miller (~2 tons). To check the results Miller's on the based comments of autor SRT, Michelson, Pease and Pearson (1927-1929) built even more heavier MI (~ 3.2 tons) with a more rigid construction of the turntable. But first they began to receive the results con-firming measurements of Miller's.
One of them (Pease) remarked change in sign of the harmonic band shift when change the direction of rotation of MI. Aggregate harmonic shift of the fringe in the "forward" and "reverse" rotation them MI has receiving as if "zero". Pease calls it a "differential shift" and published (1930) as evidence of "negatively" experiences at MI. Until now, this "evidence" in serie of the evidence absence of reactions from the aether.
On the basis my of the experimental of professionalism, I will explain in this article, what is not Miller, but Michelson, Pease and Pearson faced with of the hardware-methodical by effect a heavy instrument. Without examining this effect, they published it as a confirmation of speculation autor SRT about the quality experiments Miller's. Based on their experiments of the 1960s, I found out the reason for changing the sign of the shift of the fringe in MI. This article is for those who and today considers a non-zero shift of the fringe in MI related to the methodic measurement on interferometer.
Comments: 7 Pages. English and Russian
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